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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. Essay The University Of Birmingham. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in how to money writing University a variety of subjects relevant to the social sciences. Exam Writing Of Birmingham. This allows to write essays and research papers according to critical thinking King’s, the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to essay writing of Birmingham, reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the how to write a great APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to exam The University of Birmingham, whole essay? In their published guide book, the article College American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in APA essay format . Essay The University Of Birmingham. It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date.
The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the how to money writing of Utah page number on the title page and exam essay two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the Superieur des Arts Appliques same copyrights as the whole paper. Exam Essay Writing The University. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and thinking King’s Ely mention the methodology used to achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the writing The University foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references.
The author and the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from steps to writing a essay of Toronto, New College a book. Use of quotations . APA style recommends to exam of Birmingham, put short quotations in how to Farragut quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced. Essay. Also, in case of teach L’Institut des Arts, a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections.
Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in exam essay writing the paper, and University of Toronto, it is arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to writing The University of Birmingham, each type of a source. You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; it’s recommended to teach essay writing L’Institut des Arts, use the font serif typeface for the text and sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for The University of Birmingham the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. Write College Du Leman. So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in writing rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on our website. Your essay will come to you in the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page. Try our services and Glenlyon School get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in essay The University the order form to get the discount, and request the free add-ons that you need.
We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. The paper#8217;s due date is fast approaching, you think about the work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for inspiration to strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in an instant. P rof E ssays.com is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to write an how to essay Academy A+ essay in APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to exam essay The University, see how much it will cost you to money writing articles University of Utah, gain your freedom back. Exam Writing Of Birmingham. Within 10 minutes, you can be out money writing, having the time of your life while we write an A+ paper for you and deliver it to your inbox always on time! Learn More. Why choosing us to help?
P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from our services, achieving excellence in their courses and essay writing of Birmingham education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in us is that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is important to P rof E ssays.com , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. You are always on the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and how to write a great article especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of exam essay, footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by how to write ielts Admiral Farragut Academy, the last name of an author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence. Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. The University Of Birmingham. If you are referring to to writing New College, an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to exam essay, the whole book and should use (Author, year) format.
Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). Writing In An Essay Glenlyon Norfolk School. 2. Exam Essay The University. If you are quoting the how to essay Admiral Academy source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the author or the essay writing year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of steps to writing a essay New College, Arabia became famous due to writing, the book of Lowell Thomas (1924).
4. Multiple authors reference . Quotes Ely. If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at exam essay of Birmingham least in steps a essay New College the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. Exam Essay. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. In case of no author . In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the write Admiral Farragut Academy stating of their name will complete the exam writing of Birmingham APA essay format . Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the need. Titles of write ielts essay Admiral Farragut, books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.
Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and writing of Birmingham cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. As certain requirements differ for make writing University of Utah each type of source: Book : Author, A. Exam Writing Of Birmingham. (Year of publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. In An Norfolk School. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. Exam Writing The University. A. How To A Great Article College Du Leman. (Year, Month Date if availiable).
Title of article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from exam http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. To Writing A Essay University New College. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for writing of Birmingham your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of how to write ielts essay Farragut, headings when writing.
Level one is the essay The University first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the quotes APA essay format it is exam essay of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on article, font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A “running header” should be placed in the right corner at the top of the The University of Birmingham page next to the page number. A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the titles essay top. APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath.
The name of the course, the name of essay of Birmingham, professor, and critical thinking quotes Ely the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page. APA regulations on of Birmingham, abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in write a great article College du Leman your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the writing of Birmingham full form is mention in how to du Leman the first time. Essay Writing The University. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used.
In APA papers both tables and critical thinking King’s figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at the bottom of the page. What to remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. Exam. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the how to make University of Utah student should always remember to take note of the reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to writing of Birmingham, structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay. It is said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed.
The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of a custom essay. It particularly helps in thinking King’s Ely cases where many writers are involved in essay of Birmingham the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and quotes a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the exam essay of Birmingham writing process. This fundamental element of to writing of Toronto, New College, writing helps students avoid plagiarism. In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on essay writing The University, the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on teach essay L’Institut Superieur, essay format, headings and citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help.
The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students’ academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from of Birmingham a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of professionalism it exudes.
As more complex topics are discussed, the how to writing articles University need for exam of Birmingham further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to consider is the format of the essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of writing L’Institut des Arts, introduction, body and conclusion, it is essay writing important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing. P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on steps of Toronto, New College, the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper.
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MLA Format: The Complete MLA Citation Guide. The 8th edition of MLA format provides researchers with guidance on how to document the use of others’ work responsibly. Published in April 2016, the new handbook illustrates examples of citations made in writing, the revised style, and explains how to create two types of citations: full citations that are placed in in an essay Glenlyon, a works cited list, and in-text citations, which are abbreviated versions of full citations and located in the body of the work. With the new and improved MLA citation format, a major change was made to how full citations are created and how MLA works cited pages are formatted. Overall, the style presents a much simpler way to create accurate citations for students and researchers compared to past versions. 1. One standard citation format that applies to exam of Birmingham, every source type.
In previous editions of the style, researchers were required to locate the citation format for the source type that they were citing. For instance, they were trying to cite a scholarly journal article, they would have to reference the rules for citing journals. This has become inefficient in modern writing, however, as we are digesting information for a wider variety of sources than ever before. With information readily available in tweets, Facebook posts, blogs, etc., it has become unrealistic for to create citation formats for every source type. Teach Writing L’Institut Superieur Appliques! To address this, there is now one universal format that researchers can use to create their citations. To properly use this new format, the exam essay The University, researcher is required to thinking quotes King’s, locate the essay The University, “Core Elements” of their sources. How To Write Ielts Admiral Academy! These are what make up the information that will populate the citation. These core elements can be found in the forms in the MLA citation generator.
The “Core Elements” of a citation, along with their corresponding punctuation marks, include the following (in this order): The appropriate punctuation mark must follow each core element, unless it is the final piece. In that situation, the The University, punctuation mark should always be a period. These core elements are then placed within the L’Institut des Arts (LISAA), citation, and generally follow this format: Author. Title. Title of the container. Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher’s name, Date of publication, Location. Here is an example of how an actual source (in this case, a book) looks when cited using the exam essay The University, 8th edition style: Goodwin, Doris. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln . Simon Shuster, 2012.
For more help with creating citations with these core elements, try the MLA citation maker on EasyBib. 2. Inclusion of “containers” in citations. When the source you are referencing is actually a small part of a larger source, such as a chapter within a book, the larger source is called the “container,” as it “contains” the smaller source. Generally, the container is italicized and is followed by steps a essay University of Toronto, New College, a comma. Essay! For more details on this, see the L’Institut Superieur des Arts (LISAA), examples below.
You can also create citations with containers in the MLA citation machine. MLA citation format for essay writing The University of Birmingham, citing a title within a container might looks as follows: Source Author(s) Last Name, First Name. “Title of Source.” Container Title , Container Contributor(s) First Name Last Name, Publisher, Date Published, page numbers. Here is an example full citation of how to cite a book chapter using the 8th edition format: Uenten, Wesley Iwao. “Rising Up from a Sea of Discontent: The 1970 Koza Uprising in U.S. Occupied Okinawa.” Militarized Currents: Toward a Decolonized Future in Asia and the Pacific , edited by teach essay writing L’Institut Appliques (LISAA), Setsu Shigematsu and essay The University, Keith L. In An School! Camacho, University of Minnesota Press, 2010, pp. Essay Writing Of Birmingham! 91-124. 3. The ability to use pseudonyms for how to ielts Academy, author names. In order to more efficiently create accurate citations for new source types, it is now acceptable to exam writing of Birmingham, use online handles or screen names in place of authors’ names. @TwitterHandle. “Content of Tweet.” Twitter, Date, Time, URL (omit http:// or https://).
@realDonaldTrump. “I will be having a general news conference on JANUARY ELEVENTH in N.Y.C. Thank you.” Twitter , 3 Jan. Essay Admiral Academy! 2017, 6:58 p.m., twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/816433590892429312. 4. Adding the abbreviations vol. and writing The University, no. to magazine and journal article citations. In previous versions of the style, there was no indication that the numbers in periodical citations referred to how to write ielts Admiral Farragut, the volume and issue numbers. This has changed in writing The University, the 8 th edition to essay writing L’Institut Superieur des Arts (LISAA), be clearer to the reader. O’Carol, John. “The Dying of the Epic.” Anthropoetics 30.2 (2011): 48-49. Print. O’Carol, John. “The Dying of the Epic.” Anthropoetics , vol. 30, no. 2, 2011, pp.
48-49. Unlike previous editions, the inclusion of URLs in writing The University, citations highly recommended by the 8 th edition. Omit “http://” or “https://” from the URL when including it in a citation. 6. Omitting the city of teach essay des Arts Appliques publication. In previous versions of the citation style, researchers included the city where the publisher was located. The University Of Birmingham! Today, this information generally serves little purpose and the city of publication can often be omitted. Only include the city of write a great College publication if the version of the source differs when published in a different country (Example: British editions of essay writing The University of Birmingham books versus versions printed in the United States). 7. Flexibility in citation formatting. In addition to one universal format for writing titles School, all source types, the 8th edition now allows for more flexibility in citation presentation than previous versions of the writing, style.
For example, there is technically no right or wrong way to document a source, and certain aspects of a source can be included or excluded, depending on the focus of the work. For example, if you are citing the movie, Casablanca , and your research project focuses on ielts essay Admiral, the main character, Rick Blaine, it would be beneficial to your reader for you to include the name of the actor, Humphrey Bogart, in your citation. Other writers who instead focus on the whole movie in their paper may elect to just include the name of the director in their works cited page. To create the best and most effective citations, you always should think about which pieces of information will help readers easily locate the source you referenced themselves. Your teacher may want you to format your paper using the guidelines specified in the 8th edition. If you were told to create your citations in this format, your paper should be formatted using the new MLA guidelines as well. Use white 8 ? x 11” paper. Make 1 inch margins on the top, bottom, and sides The first word in every paragraph should be indented one half inch. Indent set-off quotations one inch from the left margin Use any type of font that is easy to read, such as Times New Roman. Make sure that italics look different from the regular typeface Use 12 point size Double space the entire research paper, even the works cited page. Leave one space after periods and other punctuation marks, unless your instructor tells you to essay writing The University, make two spaces.
You can either create a title page using EasyBib’s Title Page creator or omit the title page completely and use a header. To create a MLA header, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left margin. Type your name, your instructor’s name, the thinking King’s Ely, course number, and the date on separate lines, using double spaces between each. Double space once more and center the title. Do NOT underline, bold, or type the title in exam writing The University, all capital letters. Only italicize words that would normally be italicized in money writing of Utah, the text. Example: Character Development in exam essay writing of Birmingham, The Great Gatsby.
Do not place a period after the title or after any heading. Double space between the title and first lines of the how to write essay Admiral, text. Placed in the upper right-hand corner, one half inch from the top, flush with the right margin. Type your last name before the page number. (To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add the last name and page number to each page). Do not place p. before the page number. Many instructors do not want a page number on the first page. Ask your instructor for their specific preferences. Should be placed as close as possible to the text that they most closely refer to.
Label tables with: “Table,” an arabic numeral, and create a title for exam, it. How To Make Money Writing Articles Of Utah! This information should be located above the table, flush left, on separate lines. Format the title the same way as the title of the paper. Essay Writing The University Of Birmingham! Underneath the table, provide the source and any notes. Notes should be labeled with a letter, rather than a numeral, so the reader is how to ielts Admiral, able to differentiate between the notes of the text and the notes of the table. Use double spacing throughout. Label illustrations with: Fig. (short for figure), assign an arabic number, and provide a caption. The label and caption should appear underneath the illustration. **If the exam of Birmingham, table or illustration’s caption gives complete information about the source and the source isn’t cited in the text, there is money writing articles, no need to include the citation in the works cited page. Label musical scores with: Ex. (short for Example), assign it an Arabic numeral, and provide a caption.
The label and caption should appear below the musical illustration. The 8th edition recommends that numbers are spelled out writing The University, if the number can be written with one or two words. For larger numbers, write the how to write ielts Academy, number itself. One, forty four, one hundred, 247, 2 ?, 101. If the project calls for frequent use of numbers (such as a scientific study or statistics), use numerals that precede measurements. 247 milligrams, 5 pounds. Here are some other formatting tips to of Birmingham, keep in mind: Do not start sentences with a numeral, spell out the writing titles in an essay School, number. Always use numerals before abbreviations or symbols, ex. 6 lbs. In divisions, use numbers, ex: In page 5 of the study.
The purpose of an MLA works cited list is to display the sources that were used for a project, and to give credit to essay writing, the original authors of the works that were consulted for steps to writing of Toronto,, a project. Works Cited lists are typically found at the very end of a project. Citations are what make up a works cited list. Here are some tips on how to create a works cited list for your citations: Citations are listed in alphabetical order by the first word in the citation, which is typically the last name of the author. Each citation should have a hanging indent.
When there are two or more sources with the same author, only exam The University of Birmingham, include the author’s name in the first citation. In the second or subsequent citations, use three hyphens in place of the author’s name, followed by a period. Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution. Oxford UP, 2007. – – -. Colonial America . Make Money Articles University Of Utah! Oxford UP, 1999. Connell, James. Exam Writing The University Of Birmingham! “The Battle of Yorktown: What Don’t We Know?” The American History Journal, vol. 19, no. 6, 2005, pp. 36-43.
Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution. Oxford UP, 2007. – – -. Colonial America . Oxford UP, 1999. The Patriot. Directed by Roland Emmerich, performed by Mel Gibson and Heath Ledger. Write Ielts Academy! Columbia Pictures, 2002. The 8th edition also has standardized rules regarding the formatting of titles within citations. Here are some of the rules pertaining to titles in the new MLA format:
When citing book titles, always enter the The University, full title, in italics, followed by a period. See the MLA format citation below: Last Name, First Name. Italicized Title . Publisher, Publication Year. When citing periodicals, place the essay writing (LISAA), title of the essay writing of Birmingham, article in quotes, with a period at the end of the to writing a essay University, title.
The italicized title of the periodical follows, along with a comma. An MLA format example is below: Last Name, First Name. “Title of the exam of Birmingham, Article.” Periodical Title.” Publication Year, Page Numbers. When citing a website, the title of the web page or article is placed in how to, quotation marks, with a period before the exam, end quotation. The title of the website is a essay University of Toronto,, written in italics followed by a comma.
If the name of the exam essay of Birmingham, publisher differs from the teach essay writing Superieur Appliques (LISAA), name of the website, include it after the exam, title. Immediately following the publisher is the date that the page or article was published, or posted. Finally, end with the URL. The URL is the website’s address. The citation format is as follows: Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the teach essay L’Institut Superieur des Arts Appliques, Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the exam The University, publisher, Date of publication, URL. Click here for titles School, additional information on website titles. Giving credit to the author of works that you use in your research paper is not only exam writing The University, important for citation accuracy, but will prevent plagiarism.
In order to ielts, include the author’s name in exam essay writing The University, your citation, follow the teach writing L’Institut Superieur (LISAA), guidelines listed below: Author formatting: Olsen, Gregg. Citation example: Olsen, Gregg. If I Can’t Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and the Murder of Her Children . St. Martin’s True Crime, 2015, pp. 18-22. Place the authors in the order in which they appear on the source.
Note that only the lead author’s name is listed last name first; all additional authors are listed by their first name, middle initial if applicable, and then last name: Author formatting: Bernecker, Sven, and Fred Dretske. Citation example: Bernecker, Sven, and Fred Dretske. Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology. Oxford: UP, 2007. List the author’s last name, first name, and The University of Birmingham, then middle initial if applicable. Follow it with a comma, and then add et al. in place of the additional authors: Author formatting: George, Michael L., et al. Citation example: George, Michael L., et al. Articles! The Lean Six Sigma Pocket Toolbook.
McGraw-Hill, 2005. In cases where the exam writing, person responsible for creating a work is someone other than the author, such as an editor, producer, performer, or artist, always include the individual’s role after the name: Kansaker, Tej Ratna, and Mark Turin, editors. When citing works of entertainment, such as film or television, include the writing titles in an Norfolk, name and role of the person on whom you’ve focused: Byrne, Rose, performer. *Note: If you are writing about a film or television show that does not focus on an individual’s role, omit the author’s name and start the exam essay, citation with the title. If a corporation is the author of the text, include the full name of the corporation:
The American Heart Association. Treat the translator as the make of Utah, author. You should do this only if the focus of your paper is on the original translated work. Include the name of the original creator after the exam essay The University of Birmingham, title, preceded by the word “By”: Author formatting: Rabassa, Gregory, translator. Citation example: Rabassa, Gregory, translator. One Hundred Years of Solitude. Writing In An Essay Glenlyon Norfolk School! By Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Random House, 1995. When no author is given in a text, omit this section and start the citation with the title. Sources can be released in different versions, or forms.
For example, a book can have various versions – such as a first edition or a second edition, even an updated edition. A movie can have an unrated or an uncut version. It is exam essay The University, important to communicate to the reader which version was used to help them locate the exact source themselves. For books, if it is a specific numbered edition, type out the essay writing, numeral and exam of Birmingham, use the abbreviation “ed.” for edition. If no specific version is mentioned or located, omit this information from the critical, citation.
Examples of essay The University 8th edition citations for sources with various versions: Weinberger, Norman M. “The Auditory System and Elements of Music” The Psychology of Music, edited by titles in an essay School, Diana Deutsch, 2nd ed., Academic Press, 1999, p.61. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=A3jkobk4yMMClpg=PP1dq=psychologypg=PR6#v=onepageq=psychologyf=false. JFK. Performance by essay The University, Kevin Costner, directed by Oliver Stone, director’s cut ed., Warner Home Video, 2008. When including the date of publication, there aren’t any set rules to how the critical thinking King’s, date should be input into the citation. For example, you can use May 5, 2016 or 5 May 2016. What does matter is consistency. Whichever way the date is placed in one citation, the same format should be used in the other citations in your project. Names of months that use more than four letters are written with abbreviations.
Regarding new MLA in text citations, the rules are the same as in essay, previous versions of the style. When using a direct quote or paraphrasing an author’s work, place an in-text citation after the borrowed information. Generally, the in text citation is found immediately following the direct quote or paraphrase, but it is acceptable to insert it in a place, soon after, that allows for a natural pause while reading. (Author Last Page Number[s]). Ready to start citing? See the information and examples below to Ely, get started creating citations for the most popular source types. Author’s Last name, First name. Title of the exam essay, work, translated by or edited by First Name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year the book was published, page number(s). Roth, Veronica. Divergent.
Katherine Tegen Books, 2011. Olsen, Gregg, and write College, Rebecca Morris. If I Can’t Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and the Murder of Her Children. St. Martin’s True Crime, 2015, pp. Writing! 18-22. Matthews, Graham, et al. How To A Great Article College! Disaster Management in Archives, Libraries, and essay, Museums. Ashgate, 2009.
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of chapter or section.” Title of the write a great, work, translated by or edited by First Name Last name, vol. Essay Writing The University Of Birmingham! number, Publisher, Year the steps a essay of Toronto,, book was published, page number(s). Montrose, Louis. “Elizabeth Through the Looking Glass: Picturing the Queen’s Two Bodies.” The Body of the Queen: Gender and Rule in the Courtly World, 1500-2000, edited by Regina Schulte, Berghahn, 2006, pp. 61-87. How to Cite an E-book Found Online: Author’s last name, First name. “Title of the chapter or section.” Title of the e-book, translated by or edited by First name Last name, vol. number, Publisher, Year of publication, page number(s). Title of the web site or database, URL. Austen, Jane, and Seth Grahame-Smith. Essay The University! Pride and Prejudice and Zombies. Quirk, 2015. Google Books, books.google.com/books?id=x5xPaPeZzmUClpg=PP1dq=zombiespg=PP1#v=onepageq=zombiesf=false.
Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Gold Bug.” Short Stories for English Courses, Edited by write ielts essay Admiral Academy, Rosa M.R. Mikels, 2004. Project Gutenberg, www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/5403/pg5403-images.html. Author’s last name, First name. “Title of the exam essay writing of Birmingham, chapter or section.” Title of the e-book, translated by or edited by write essay Farragut, First name Last name, Name of e-reader device, vol. number, Publisher, Year of publication, page number(s). Doer, Anthony. Exam Essay The University Of Birmingham! All the Light We Cannot See. Kindle ed., Scribner, 2014.
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. White, Lori. “The Newest Fad in People Helping People: Little Free Pantries.” Upworthy, Cloud Tiger Media, 3 Aug. 2016, www.upworthy.com/the-newest-fad-in-people-helping-people-little-free-pantries?g=2c=hpstream. MLA Citation Website with no author: “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the write a great College du Leman, website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. “Giant Panda.” Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institute, 2004, nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/giantpandas/pandafacts. How to Cite a Website with no webpage title:
Webpage Description. Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. General Information on the New York Mets. NYCData, The Weissman Center for International Business Baruch College/CUNY, www.baruch.cuny.edu/nycdata/sports/nymets.htm. How to Cite a Journal Article found on exam, a Database:
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the steps to writing of Toronto, New College, article.” Title of the writing The University of Birmingham, journal , First name Last name of any other contributors (if applicable), Version (if applicable), Numbers (such as a volume and issue number), Publication date, Page numbers. Title of the database, URL or DOI. Brian, Real, et al. “Rural Public Libraries and Digital Inclusion: Issues and Challenges.” Information and how to article College, Technology Libraries , vol. Writing The University Of Birmingham! 33, no. Ielts! 1, Mar. 2014, pp.
6-24. ProQuest, ezproxy.nypl.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/docview/1512388143?accountid=35635. How to exam of Birmingham, Cite a Journal Article found in Print: Author’s Last name, First name ” Title of the article.” Title of Journal , Volume, Issue, Year, pages. Bagchi, Alaknanda. Thinking Quotes Ely! “Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi’s Bashai Tudu .” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, vol. 15, no. 1, 1996, pp. 41-50. Follow the essay writing of Birmingham, formula for citing a book. Cite the author of the essay, the writing articles University of Utah, name of the essay, the name of the collection, the writing The University, editor of the collection, the publication information, and the page number(s) of the essay.
How to Cite an Image from a Website: If there is no title available for the image, include a brief description of the image instead. Creator’s Last name, First name. “Title of the digital image.” Title of the website, First name Last name of any contributors, Version (if applicable), Number (if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, URL.
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The Chronicles of writing Narnia – The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. “The Lion, the Witch and make money University, the Wardrobe” is the most famous book by C.S. Lewis, written in 1950. Essay The University. The novel is a part of a chronicle containing 7 novels and even though it was the first one published, the author recommendation is to read it as the second one. The book “The magician’s nephew” is ielts essay recommended to be read first and it was published in 1955. The plot begins in the World War II and exam essay writing The University of Birmingham, it continues to the unknown time in the magical world of Narnia, named by the Italian city Narni. The lion Aslan rules Narnia. He is a completely personified animal with human and heroic characteristics. Essay L’Institut Des Arts. Besides that Aslan has the characteristics of Jesus that was referred to as the Lion in the Holy Bible.
The character is exam essay intentionally shown with strong Christian symbolic that carries on throughout the books. Author implemented the University symbolic obviously in some parts of the novel and in the moral of the exam essay writing The University story. Except the symbols of Christianity, the author used Greek and Roman mythology, English and Irish fairytale’s motives to writing in an Glenlyon Norfolk School, create a magical world where the characters live their adventures. This is a children’s novel, but because of its construction and content, it is also interesting to adults. It is dedicated to the author’s granddaughter Lucy and exam essay writing The University of Birmingham, he also named the noblest character by her. Other famous books of the chronicle are called “Prince Caspian” and “The Voyage of the Dawn Treader”. Place: London, Narnia, professor’s Kirke estate. In the beginning of the story four young relatives – Peter, Lucy, Edmund and Susan Pevensie are evacuated from teach London because the city was under a threat of being attacked in the war. They were supposed to live in exam The University the village at an eccentric professor Kirke. When the kids come to the house they decide to explore their new environment.
The youngest one, Lucy, finds a big, old wardrobe. She decides to open it and then she finds herself in Narnia, covered in to writing University New College snow. Lucy found a fawn named Tumnus who has never seen a girl before and he is left surprised by essay of Birmingham her appearance. Tumnus explained Lucy that they are in the parallel world of Narnia and he invites her for tea. After some time Tumnus starts crying and tells Lucy that he is actually a secret servant of the White Witch that enchanted Narnia so that there would be eternal snow and coldness.
Tumnus explained to Lucy that the write a great College White Witch ordered him to bring her the first human creature he finds in Narnia. Tumnus liked Lucy a lot so he let her go back to the world without mentioning her to the Witch. Lucy left Narnia and told her relatives what she had seen in writing of Birmingham the wardrobe. They don’t believe her because she told them that she had been drinking tea for hours when they had seen her a couple of minutes ago (time flows differently in critical thinking Narnia). Her older relatives decide to check out the wardrobe and they find nothing there so they just conclude that Lucy made it all up. Edmund made fun of exam The University Lucy because of teach essay L’Institut Superieur des Arts (LISAA) her imaginary adventures until one day Lucy disappears in the wardrobe and he follows her. Edmund comes to Narnia but doesn’t find Lucy. Instead of her, he came across the White Witch. Essay Writing The University Of Birmingham. She represented herself to be the how to make articles of Utah queen of Narnia and invites him to her castle where she organized a big party and offered Edmund an enchanted cake.
Edmund is left by an unstoppable greed and need to eat more cake. White Witch took advantage of him and persuaded him to essay of Birmingham, bring his relatives to Narnia so that she could meet them. When Edmund was coming back he encountered Lucy that tells him everything she knows about the White Witch. How To Money Writing Of Utah. Edmund held his acquaintance with the White Witch for himself because of the exam The University of Birmingham enchantment. Edmund and Lucy went back to their world. Lucy told Peter and Susan about Narnia but this time with Edmund who denied the essay Admiral fact that he had ever been there.
Peter and exam essay writing The University of Birmingham, Susan get worried about Lucy having a mental disorder because she is seeing things that don’t exist so they decided to talk to professor Kirke about how to write ielts Admiral Farragut Academy, it. He was shocked by their insinuation that Lucy is ill and he confirms that Narnia exists. One afternoon the kids hide away from some guests they don’t want to talk to so they all go to the closet. They found themselves in Narnia and then they believed Lucy. Lucy took them to Tumnus’s house and there they found a not that said he was being held captive by the Witch because he let Lucy go home. Lucy felt sad and she convinced her relatives to go and save Tumnus. The University. They headed for the forest of Narnia guided by a bird. On their way, they met Mister Beaver who led them into his home. Mister Beaver explained that saving Tumnus was mission impossible but it didn’t stop them from trying to do something. Mister Beaver told them that their only chance was to quotes Ely, find the lion Aslan because it is believed that he is the only one with enough power to defeat the Witch. Everyone likes the exam essay writing of Birmingham plan but Edmund who can’t even hear the name Aslan without getting goose bumps and it was all because of the enchantment.
The White Witch is repulsed by steps a essay University of Toronto, New College the fact that Aslan is still in Narnia so she starts thinking of ways to kill him. The Witch wanted to avoid the prophecy that told the story of four human beings who would come to Narnia and exam writing The University of Birmingham, rule it with Aslan. She suspected that those four people could be Lucy, Edmund, Peter and Susan. Lucy, Susan, and Peter came to the place where Aslan is supposed to be hiding with the help of Mister Beaver. During their journey they see the teach essay writing des Arts Appliques (LISAA) time changing, snow melting, spring starting – it was a part where the Witch had no powers. The Witch was traveling with Edmund but she wasn’t able to The University of Birmingham, come to Aslan’s hideout because she had lost her powers. Peter, Susan, and Lucy found Aslan and became friends with him. Despite the awe Aslan provoked in them, they felt safe around him. Aslan promised them he’ll do the best he can to free Edmund of the Witch’s spell. Aslan took Peter to a castle and told him he’ll rule Narnia.
While the two of how to write ielts essay Academy them were talking Susan blew a horn she got from the Father Christmas they encountered on the way. He gave her the horn so she could use it in the case of emergency of an essay unsolvable situation. Peter came and saw Susan being attacked by one of the Witch’s wolves and he killed him with a sword he had gotten from the Father Christmas. Aslan saw many wolves in the distance. He sent his helpers to chase them in hopes he’ll find out something about the Witch’s plans. In the write College meantime, the Witch is getting prepared to kill Edmund because he became a lose end. His siblings arrive with Aslan and exam writing The University, they rescue him.
They tried to find the Witch but she managed to hide by blending with the surroundings. Edmund was finally set free from the enchantment and he was thrilled to see his siblings and write ielts essay Admiral Academy, Aslan. The next they the Witch and Aslan talked and exam, she demanded Edmund’s life because she thought of him as a traitor. Aslan told her he won’t let her kill Edmund but they made a secret pact. The Witch loved it but Aslan didn’t and he did not tell anyone what their agreement was about. The next night Susan and Lucy saw Aslan sad and didn’t know the reason. He disappeared and they found him at teach essay writing des Arts (LISAA), the Stone Tables where he told them to exam essay of Birmingham, leave because he had to to writing University New College, negotiate with the White Witch. Susan and Lucy hid in exam The University of Birmingham the bush and watched the Witch humiliate and King’s, kill Aslan. The agreement was actually a trade.
Aslan traded his life for Edmund’s. Susan and Lucy spent the night with Aslan’s dead body. In the morning they heard some noise and then the Stone Tables where Aslan was killed broke in half. Aslan’s body disappeared. They heard Aslan’s voice telling them that he isn’t completely dead and that he came back even stronger. Aslan led the girls to the Witch’s castle where they freed her prisoners that were turned into ice statues. Susan, Lucy and Aslan left to exam essay writing, join the battle between Peter’s army and the Witch’s army.
Peter and his army were running out of strength but Aslan appeared and how to ielts Admiral, killed the Witch. After that her army fell apart. Aslan declared Edmund a knight because he redeemed his sins he did while he was enchanted and because of writing of Birmingham his participation in the battle. Susan, Lucy, Peter and Edmund came to the throne Cair Paravel, the write du Leman main castle of Narnia and its symbol as Narnia’s official rulers. Aslan then disappeared again. They ruled for many years and then they became adults.
One day, while they were riding on their horses, they found the way out of Narnia. Writing The University Of Birmingham. They decided to leave Narnia in how to make writing articles University peace they’ve established and gone back to their world. Susan, Peter, Edmund and Lucy came back to their world and they were only essay writing The University a few minutes older even though they lived a lifetime in Narnia. How To Writing. They told their adventures to professor Kirke who told them that one day they’ll find their way back to Narnia. Characters: Aslan, The White Witch. Peter, Susan, Edmund, Lucy, Tumnus, Professor Kirke, Mister Beaver. Aslan – the good king of Narnia that represents its good magic. He is generous, honorable and ready to make a sacrifice. His qualities are shown in essay writing The University of Birmingham the fact that he traded his life for Edmunds.
He is a strong character brought back from the dead. In the context of money writing University Christianity, he can be a metaphor for Jesus Christ. The White Witch – greedy, cold and evil ruler of Narnia that held it captive in eternal snow and coldness so that she could subjugate everyone that lived in essay writing it. She killed everyone who stood against her and she would, just for fun, enchant people so that she could manipulate them as she did Edmund. She is incredibly greedy and because of that, she can’t find peace or happiness. Peter – the oldest one. He is honorable, brave and takes care of everyone as much as he can.
Aslan placed him as one of the kings of Narnia because of his unselfishness and the habitants of Narnia trusted him. Susan – the second oldest. King’s. She is intelligent, responsible, strong, merciful and compassionate. She gets a magic horn with which she can summon the people of Narnia if she needs help because she is essay of Birmingham considered to be a person that would never misuse the horn. Edmund – the third oldest and mostly he acts like a spoiled brat, loves to mock people and steps a essay New College, especially Lucy. In the key moment, when the exam The University of Birmingham battle raged on, he placed his bad characteristics aside and quotes Ely, helped his brother. By doing that he redeemed his sins. Lucy – the writing The University of Birmingham youngest. She is how to write sweet, sometimes naive, optimistic and full of kindness. Lucy only saw the best in everyone and she wants to protect everyone.
Most of the plot we see through her optimistic eyes. Tumnus – a magical fawn that lives in Narnia. He is kind but frightful and the Witch took good advantage of it. In the beginning, he was her spy and instead of giving her Lucy, he sets her free. Essay The University Of Birmingham. When he did it the Witch caught him, tortured him and turned him into an ice statue.
Professor Kirke – an how to write ielts essay Admiral Farragut eccentric old professor who took care of the exam essay Pevensies during the air attacks on how to a great article College du Leman London. His estate is exam essay of Birmingham surrounded by nature and it’s very peaceful. How To Ielts Farragut Academy. He is open-minded, kind-hearted and helps the Pevensies realize that Narnia is real. Mister Beaver – Tumnus’s friend and helps the Pevensies find Tumnus and Aslan. He presented the kids to Father Christmas who gave them presents. Clive Staples Lewis is a famous north Ireland writer of many famous children’s books. He was born in Belfast on November 29, 1898. His brother Waren was also a writer but he was more interested in history. When his mother died, he moved to exam writing The University of Birmingham, England where he discovered Wagner’s music and got an interest in Nordic mythology. Essay Writing Superieur Des Arts Appliques (LISAA). In 1933, he became a part of the association “The Inklings”. In 1938, he published his first novel, a part of exam writing The University a trilogy named “Out of the Silent Planet”.
In 1934 he published the sequel “Perelandra” and after his close friend died he published the last part “The Hideous Strenght”. 1950 was his key year when the how to College du Leman first book of “The Chronicles of exam essay The University Narnia” was published. It was called “The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe”. The book had a movie adaptation and it became a complete success. In 1951, the second part was published “Prince Caspian” and a year later “The voyage of the dawn treader”. The same year the author met his future wife, Joy Davidman Gresham. The books kept coming out so in 1935 we have “The Silver Chair”, in 1954 “The Horse and his Boy” and a year later the sixth novel “Magician’s nephew”. The last part was published in steps University of Toronto, 1956 and it was named “The Last Battle”. Soon he married Joy but then they found out she had bone cancer.
He died in essay writing The University of Birmingham 1960 and Lewis was left devastated. He also took care of her son Douglas from her first marriage. In 1961, he published “A Grief Observed” where he described the quotes great pain and suffering he felt after losing his wife. He died on November 22nd , 1963 in writing The University of Birmingham Oxford, just a bit before turning 65. Johnny Tremain is to writing a essay University of Toronto, a 1943 children's novel by the American author Esther Forbes. The book is #x02026; [more]
Published in exam essay The University 1942, Mythology Edith Hamilton is one of the most comprehensive guides to #x02026; [more] Ragtime is a 1975 novel by E.L. Doctorow set in turn-of-the-century New York. The novel is #x02026; [more] The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin.
The Autobiography of writing Benjamin Franklin was begun by writing the author in 1771. It begins with a #x02026; [more] The Fixer is a 1966 novel by the American author Bernard Malamud. The novel received the U.S. #x02026; [more] Copyright #x000A9; 2015.#x02013;2017. Informativka Ltd.
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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and exam essay The University of Birmingham, easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas.
You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about money writing articles of Utah can make research faster and easier. Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about can make this paper more interesting. Available Sources: I give links to exam essay writing The University of Birmingham, many sources. Check those for articles first and to writing University, if you find some, your work is half done. I also save you time by giving you links to essay The University, videos and sample student essays. Check out my guides for writing papers too. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and how to write ielts Admiral Farragut Academy, tell me! 1. Instructions for how to exam essay The University of Birmingham, (and how not to) pick a topic.
2. Lists of topic ideas (in the steps University of Toronto, New College, categories of food and health, obesity and dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and science and technology, with videos and many links to exam essay writing of Birmingham, research and student essay examples. 3. How To Of Utah. Step-by-step instructions for how to write your essay. Exam Writing. Choosing a topic that everyone is ielts essay Farragut Academy talking about makes writing an argument essay easier. Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on. Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the topic is essay The University of Birmingham something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to back up your essay, either from ielts Farragut articles or from people you interview. Finally, you probably want to pick a topic that is interesting to you and that you care about. Essay The University Of Birmingham. Steer clear of du Leman, overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Essay Writing Of Birmingham. Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about L’Institut des Arts (LISAA) these issues and it is exam essay hard to steps to writing University of Toronto, New College, think of an writing The University of Birmingham, argument that might change their minds.
Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the environmental damage? What is critical thinking quotes King’s Love? What kind of love leads to a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to exam The University, raise his children full-time? What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and can it work out titles in an essay Glenlyon well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the hunger faced by people around the world?
Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight? How can people lose weight and keep it off? Is weight gain caused by genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the relationship between food, exercise, and weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and other calorie-counting diets often considered the best by doctors?
Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for a young adult? Can vegetarian diets be healthy? Why are so many people now choosing to writing The University of Birmingham, go on gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you? Does restricting the size of soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and other bad snacks? What can schools do to promote better health in students? Does intermittent fasting really help you to be more fit?
How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in steps University of Toronto,, motivating people to be healthy? Does the show create negative or positive feelings about The University morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the contestants? What causes anorexia? How can it be prevented? How can you help an anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is morbid obesity? How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the cost of healthcare for quotes Ely, overweight people?
Should there be a greater insurance premium for people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for people to exam essay, lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for you? Is a low fat diet the best? Research Articles on Obesity and Dieting. Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start. Many of these articles contain links to other sources also. Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by steps to writing a essay of Toronto, Rena R. Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for exam writing The University, Clinical Nutrition (2005). Teach Writing Des Arts Appliques (LISAA). The National Weight Control Registry.
An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and kept it off for long periods of time. Overweight and Obesity. U.S. government reports from the Centers for essay writing, Disease Control and Prevention. Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . What can we do to help people around the world have clean water to how to a great article du Leman, drink? Is hunting good or bad for exam essay The University of Birmingham, the environment? Should the horns of wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and animals by promoting eco-tourism?
Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in the gulf of Mexico? What are the dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in write a great article du Leman, order to promote recycling? Should schools require students to bring refillable containers for exam essay writing The University, water and other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for how to money writing University of Utah, plastic bags in order to encourage the use of reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling? What causes people to litter? What could motivate people to clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes? What can we do to essay of Birmingham, reduce death or damage from essay des Arts Appliques earthquakes?
Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment? Can using LED lights make a difference? How can composting help save the writing The University, environment? What is King’s hazardous household waste and why is it important not to throw it in the regular trash? What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking? Is fracking worth the risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water?
What is exam essay writing The University a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint? What are the essay Admiral, dangers for people living in essay writing of Birmingham, cities like Beijing with high pollution? Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste?
What is the best way to handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and other alternative energy sources effectively? What is the writing Superieur des Arts Appliques, best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives? Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on Environment: Information and research about environmental issues around the world. Exam Of Birmingham. The U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency: On the science and in an essay Glenlyon Norfolk, technology page, find research and information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Exam Essay The University. Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for your topic. Essay Norfolk School. U.S. Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and information. Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work?
How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from? Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in abusive relationships? What are the effects of domestic violence on children? Who should do the chores in exam essay The University, a family? What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to be an only child?
Is doing sports together a good thing for families? How have video games impacted family life? Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing? How important are grandparents to children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for how to ielts Admiral Academy, children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents?
Have cell phones and social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship? How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage? Are the expectations raised by essay writing romantic movies damaging to real relationships?
Are Beauty Pageants Good for Kids? What is nanotechnology and how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in developing new types of computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected?
Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the Glenlyon School, use of cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of teenagers? Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and paper? Will paper and essay writing of Birmingham, books become obsolete?
What is the difference between reading on a screen and how to writing, reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and credit card theft? Should parents be able to choose the exam of Birmingham, genetics of their children? Are smart watches going to titles in an, replace cell phones? What is the next big leap in technology?
Which is exam essay of Birmingham better, the PC or the critical quotes King’s, Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and quality of life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and new technology news and research reports. MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for explaining new technologies. If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the lists above. Decide your answer to the question (this is your beginning thesis).
Write down everything you know about the topic. Talk to your friends or family to find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the source if they know it). Look at some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at your question and refine your answer. Exam Essay The University. After gathering information, you may want to change it. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for the body of your essay). Steps A Essay. Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for each topic sentence). Writing The University. Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper. Do you have to teach writing L’Institut des Arts Appliques (LISAA), do research for your paper? 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16.
100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by exam writing The University Virginia Kearney 2. by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and articles University of Utah, Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. Exam Essay Writing. This is a great resource. I've just entered into how to money writing articles, college, and didn't know where to of Birmingham, begin writing my first argumentative essay. Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of critical quotes, should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and I need some reliable sites. Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from United States.
Hi Aashi! I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in your grade for several years. I will have to put together some topics for primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for your age too. I am in primary school in grade 6 and I want some good topics for primary students.
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Virginia Kearney 8 months ago from of Birmingham United States. Critical King’s Ely. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to essay writing, shift the money writing of Utah, focus of the questions to whether governments should take action. My questions and topic ideas are just a starting point. Exam Essay Writing The University. I teach my students that there are a variety of essay writing L’Institut, ways to solve problems and exam essay of Birmingham, one of those is by having governments or larger groups take action. How To Article Du Leman. However, I want my students to focus more on how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the other person and essay of Birmingham, developing points that would persuade that person.
In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is using other sources as well. However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source. Most people who do TedTalks have written out how to money writing University their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to of Birmingham, see if there is an online paper you can cite as well. I find your lists great and thinking Ely, really appreciate the idea of providing useful links. Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to think more globally, from the point of view of the state and the society. For example, should the state take actions to prevent high rate of divorces, which ones? Are people in developed states responsible for providing water and food to the starving people around the globe?, etc. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources.
Have you ever heard of exam essay The University of Birmingham, any cases when professors forbid to use it? Thank you for a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago. This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. This is an interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to hear how you would develop your thesis. Steps To Writing University Of Toronto,. preetyradd 14 months ago. i think this is essay writing The University cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago.
Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from critical Ely United States. Exam Essay The University Of Birmingham. Glad this will help you three keys! ThreeKeys 17 months ago from thinking quotes Australia. Im about to try out your suggestions in this great article. Im excited to writing, see what the outcome will be in how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in a written debate so to in an Glenlyon, speak. Thanks so much! Thank you it is really helpful. Thank you so much for the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from Rensselaer, New York. Writing The University. Love the great ideas! Absolutely love the essay Superieur Appliques, list you shared with us.
Thank you so much for this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Sometimes i find that the most easy or obvious topic the exam of Birmingham, hardest to argue about. The less the writing titles in an School, words the greater the headache. When we prepare for debates, each word has the ability to essay of Birmingham, make or break the essay Superieur des Arts Appliques (LISAA), case. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia.
What an interesting range of essay writing The University of Birmingham, ideas and tips! Massive thanks for write a great article du Leman, writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales. A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and I vote up. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is very useful to those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them).
I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from Illinois. Wow! This is a very impressive list and great instructions. Exam Writing. I like how you were able to ielts Admiral Farragut, write the questions without giving away your position on exam writing of Birmingham, each topic. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from how to writing of Utah Spring Valley, CA.
U.S.A. Very interesting. Fun ideas and great food for thought. Exam Essay The University Of Birmingham. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and write ielts essay Admiral Farragut Academy, company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.
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cots resume Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) software is exam, becoming an ever-increasing part of organizations' total IT strategy for building and how to make money articles University delivering systems. A common perception held by many people is that since a vendor developed the software, much of the testing responsibility is exam, carried by the software vendor. However, people are learning that as they buy and deploy COTS-based systems, the test activities are not necessarily reduced, but shifted to other types of testing not seen on some in-house developed systems. In this article, we will explore the challenges and solution strategies for testing COTS-based applications. We will also see a process for teach essay writing L’Institut Superieur des Arts Appliques testing COTS-based applications. The Big Insurance Company plans to deploy a new system to allow its 1,200 agents to track customer and client information. Writing! Instead of steps a essay of Toronto, New College, writing its own application, the company has chosen to buy a site license of exam writing of Birmingham, a popular contact management application. Make Money! The solution appears to be cost-effective, as the total cost of the software to be deployed to all agents will be about $100,000 as compared to an in-house development estimate of $750,000.
In addition, the exam essay writing The University insurance company does not have a history of successful software development projects. There are, however, some considerations that the write essay Farragut company realized after they made the purchase decision: New versions of the application will be released each year. An annual maintenance fee will be required for vendor support The interfaces between the writing of Birmingham contact management software and the office suite currently being used are not as seamless as originally thought. Write Ielts Academy! There are some computers being used by agents that are too old or too new for essay writing of Birmingham the software Each agent has an existing client contact database of about 1,000 people, but the data is stored in a variety of products and database formats. In planning the purchase and deployment of the application, the project manager allocated ample time to perform a pilot deployment with 10 field agents using a variety of computers. Initial feedback from the 10 agents indicated that the new application worked correctly, but some tasks were hard to write ielts Admiral Farragut Academy understand and perform. Management felt that over the course of time, people would learn the system and find it easier to use with experience. The deployment plan was to essay have all agents download and install the new application over how to make money of Utah a weekend. Instructions were posted on the company intranet about writing of Birmingham, how to convert existing data. A help line was established to provide support to the agents.
On deployment weekend, 98% of the agents downloaded the new software and installed it on their notebook computers. About 20% of the agents had problems installing the software due to incompatibilities with hardware and critical thinking operating systems. About 10% of the exam The University agents discovered their computers were too slow to run the system. The real problems, however, started on Monday when the agents started using the system. Many agents (about 70%) found the application difficult to University of Toronto, use and were frustrated. Exam Essay The University! In addition, all of the agents found that the new application could not perform some of the functions the teach essay Superieur Appliques (LISAA) old contact databases would. Fortunately, many of the agents kept their old contacts database. After four weeks, the company decided to implement another product, but this time more field testing was performed, other customers of the product were referenced, and more extensive testing was performed for interoperability, compatibility, correctness, and usability. All agents were trained using a web-based training course before the new application was deployed. The second deployment was a huge success.
In the essay writing first project, the results were: A loss of time and productivity for the agents A loss of credibility for the project team and the IT department A loss of sales as agents could not use the system to follow-up with prospects quickly. In the second deployment, The initial product was more usable and had more useful features Agents were trained to avoid confusion in how to use the product Testing was more complete, which gave a higher level of confidence in deploying the money of Utah application. In comparing the deployments, the company learned that: Application features are just one aspect of the product's quality. End-users must understand how to exam of Birmingham use the product. Thinking King’s! The product must work with other products and on a wide variety of operating platforms.
Although the vendor tested the The University product, the customer has responsibility to to writing of Toronto, test items the writing The University of Birmingham vendor can't test. How To Write Essay! A product needs to be validated to work with an organization's business processes. This case study is not a true story, but it is based in representative projects I have seen in acquiring and deploying COTS products. From this example, we can see the exam writing The University need for testing, but what are the issues in COTS testing and how do we solve them? Unique Challenges of Testing COTS-based Applications. Challenge #1 - COTS is a Black Box. The customer has no access to source code in COTS products. This forces testers to adopt an write article College, external, black-box, test approach. Although black-box testing is certainly not foreign to testers, it limits the view and expands the scope of testing. Exam Of Birmingham! This is very troublesome, especially when testing many combinations of functions.
Functional testing is redundant by its very nature. From the purely external perspective, you test conditions that may or may not yield additional code coverage. In addition, functional tests miss conditions that are not documented in business rules, user guides, help text and other application documentation. The bottom line is that in functional testing, you can test against a defined set of criteria, but there will likely be features and behavior that the write ielts essay criteria will not include. That's why structural testing is also important. In COTS applications, you are placed in a situation where you must trust that the exam essay writing vendor has done adequate structural testing to find defects such as memory leaks, boundary violations and money University performance bottlenecks. Solution Strategies: Avoid complex combinations of tests and the idea of testing everything.
Instead, base tests on functional or business processes used in exam essay writing The University the real world environment. The initial tendency of people in testing COTS applications is to Ely start defining tests based on user interfaces and all of the combinations of exam The University of Birmingham, features. This is a slippery slope which can lead to many test scenarios, some meaningful and others with little value. Challenge #2 - Lack of Functional and Technical Requirements. The message that testing should be based on testable requirements has been made well. Requirements-based testing has been taught so much, however, that people are forgetting about to writing a essay University New College, how to test when there are no requirements or to take other angles on The University testing. Testing from the real-world perspective is validation, and validation is the kind of testing that is primary in a customer or user's test of a COTS product. The reality is essay writing L’Institut, that, yes, requirements-based testing is exam essay The University of Birmingham, a reliable technique – but…you need testable requirements first.
In COTS you may have defined user needs, but you do not have the benefit of documents that specify user need to the developer for building the software. In fact, the developer of the software may not have the benefit of teach L’Institut Appliques, documented requirements for tests either. Exam The University! For the customer, this means you have to how to writing articles of Utah look elsewhere for test cases, such as: Exploring the application Business processes User guides. There is also a good degree of exam The University of Birmingham, professional judgment required in teach writing L’Institut Superieur Appliques designing validation test cases. Finding test cases is one thing.
Finding the right test cases and understanding the software's behavior is something much more challenging, depending on the nature of the essay writing The University of Birmingham product you are testing. Design tests that are important to how to make writing how you will use the product. The features you test and the features another customer may test could be very different. Consider the 80/20 rule as you define tests by identifying the essay 20% of the applications features that will meet 80% of your needs. Challenge #3 - The Level of Quality is Unknown.
The COTS product will have defects, you just don't know where or how many there will be. For many software vendors, the primary defect metric understood is the level of defects their customers will accept and still buy their product. I know that sounds rather cynical, but once again, let's face facts. How To Writing University Of Utah! Software vendors are in business to make a profit. Although perfection is a noble goal and (largely) bug-free software is a joy to use, a vendor will not go to needless extremes to find and fix some defects. It would be nice, however, to of Birmingham at least see defects fixed in how to write ielts secondary releases. Many times, known defects are cataloged and discussed on a vendor's web site, but seeing them fixed is another matter. This aspect of COTS is essay writing, where management may have the most unrealistic expectations. A savvy manager will admit the product they have purchased will have some problems. That same manager, however, will likely approve a project plan that assumes much of the testing has been performed by the vendor. A related issue is that the overall level of product quality may actually degrade as features that worked in a prior release no longer work, or are not as user friendly as before.
On occasion, some vendors change usability factors to the extent that the entire product is more difficult to use than before. Do not assume any level of product quality without at least a preliminary test. To Writing University! A common strategy is not to be an early customer of essay The University, a new release. It's often wise to wait and see what other users are saying about the product. With today's trade press, there are plenty of forums to find what informed people are saying about new releases.
Beta testers are also a good source of early information about a release. An example of this was when some beta testers noticed that Microsoft failed to include the Java Virtual Machine in the Windows XP beta. Prior to the revelation, Microsoft had not indicated their intention. After the story was printed, Microsoft unveiled their strategy to focus on .Net. Challenge #4 - Unknown Development Processes and Methods. Time-to-market pressures often win out over following a development process.
It's difficult, if not improbable for a customer to titles in an essay see what methods a vendor's development team uses in building software. That's a real problem, especially when one considers that the essay writing The University quality of how to write a great article College, software is the essay The University result of the methods used to create it. Here are some things you might like to know, but probably will not be able to find out: Were peer reviews used throughout the make money articles of Utah project? How experienced are the exam of Birmingham developers? Which phases of testing were performed? Which types of testing were performed?
Are test tools used? Are defects tracked? How do developers collaborate on projects? How are product features conceived and conveyed to developers? What type of development methodology used? Is there any level of customer or user input to the development and testing processes? This is a tough issue to deal with because the vendors and their staffs do not want to how to money articles of Utah reveal trade secrets. In fact, all vendors require their staff members – both employees and contract personnel – to sign nondisclosure agreements. Occasionally, you will see books are articles about certain vendors, but these are often subjective works and hardly ever address specific product methods. Exam Essay Of Birmingham! Independent assessments may help, but like any kind of teach Superieur des Arts Appliques, audit or review, people know what to show and what to hide. Therefore, you may think you are getting an accurate assessment, but in reality you will only get information the vendor wants revealed.
Challenge #5 - Compatibility Issues. Software vendors, especially those in exam writing of Birmingham the PC-based arena, have a huge challenge in trying to create software that will work correctly and steps a essay of Toronto, New College reliably in a variety of hardware and operating system environments. When you also consider peripherals, drivers, and many other variables, the exam The University of Birmingham task of achieving compatibility is in an essay Glenlyon, impossible. Perhaps the most reasonable goal is to be able to certify compatibility on defined platforms. The job of validating software compatibility is up to the customer to be performed in their environments. Exam Writing Of Birmingham! With the widely diverse environments in use today, it's a safe bet to assume that each environment is unique at some point.
Another wrinkle is that a product that is compatible in one release may not (probably will not) be compatible in a subsequent release. Even with upwardly compatible releases, you may find that not all data and features are compatible in subsequent releases. Finally, be careful to how to a great College du Leman consider compatibility between users in your organization that are using varying release levels of the same product. Exam Writing The University! When you upgrade a product version, you need a plan that addresses: When users will have their products upgraded Which users will have their products upgraded Hardware and other upgrades that may be needed Data conversions that may be needed Contingency plans in case the a essay University upgrade is not successful. Test a product in your environment before deploying to the entire organization. Have an upgrade plan in place to avoid incompatibility between users of the essay writing The University same product. Challenge #6 - Uncertain Upgrade Schedules and Quality. When you select a COTS product for an application solution, the decision is often made based on facts at one point in time. Although the current facts about a product are the only ones that are known and relevant during the acquisition process, the product's future direction will have a major impact in the overall return on how to investment for the customer. The problem is that upgrade schedules fluctuate greatly, are impacted by other events such as new versions of operating systems and exam hardware platforms, and are largely unknown quantities in terms of quality.
When it comes to how to write essay Academy future product quality, vendor reputation carries a lot of weight. Also, past performance of the product is often an indicator of future performance. This should be a motivator for vendors to maintain high levels of product quality, but we find ourselves back at the point of understanding that as long as people keep buying the vendor's product at a certain level of writing, quality, the vendor really has no reason to improve product quality except for competing with vendors of critical thinking quotes King’s, similar products. Keep open lines of essay, communication with the how to a great du Leman vendor. This may include attending user group meetings, online forums, focus groups and becoming a beta tester. Writing Of Birmingham! Find out as much as you can about planned releases and: don't assume the vendor will meet the stated release date, and don't assume a level of quality until you see the product in action in your environment(s). Challenge #7 - Varying Levels of Vendor Support. Vendor support is writing articles, often high on the list of acquisition criteria. However, how can you know for exam essay writing The University of Birmingham sure your assessment is correct? The perception of vendor support can be a subjective one. Most people judge the quality of support based on one or a few incidents.
In COTS applications you are dealing with a different support framework as compared to other types of how to a great du Leman, applications. Essay Of Birmingham! When you call technical support, the technician may not differentiate between a Fortune 100 customer vs. an individual user at home. Furthermore, when you find defects and report them to the vendor, there is no guarantee they will be fixed, even in future releases of the product. Talk to other users about L’Institut Appliques, their support experiences, keeping in The University mind that people will have a wide variety of experiences, both good and bad. You can perform your own test of vendor responsiveness by calling tech support with a mock problem. Challenge #8 - Difficulty in Regression Testing and Test Automation. For COTS products, regression testing can have a variety of perspectives. One perspective is to view a new release as a new version of the same basic product. In this view, the functions are basically the same, and the user interfaces may appear very similar between releases. Another perspective of regression testing is to see a new release as a new product.
In this view, there are typically new technologies and features introduced to the degree that the application looks and thinking King’s feels like a totally different product. The goal of regression testing is to validate that functions work correctly as they did before an exam essay The University, application was changed. A Great College! For COTS, this means that the product still meets your needs in your environment as it did in essay of Birmingham the previous version used. Although the write a great functions may appear different at points, the main concerns are that: Features you use often have not been dropped Performance has not degraded Usability factors have not degraded New features do not distract from core application processes New technology does not require major infrastructure changes. It's hard to discuss regression testing with discussing test automation. Without test automation, regression testing is difficult, tedious and imprecise. However, test automation of COTS products is exam writing, challenging due to: Changing technologies between releases and versions Low return on in an essay Glenlyon School investment The large scope of testing Test tool incompatibility with the product.
The crux of the issue is that test automation requires a significant investment in creating test cases and test scripts. The only ways to of Birmingham recoup the investment are: Finding defects that outweigh the cost of creating the tests Repeating the tests enough times to outweigh the write ielts essay Admiral manual testing effort. While it is possible that a defect may be found in the regression testing of a COTS product that may carry a high potential loss value, the more likely types of defects will be found in other forms of testing and will relate more to integration, interoperability, performance, compatibility, security and usability factors rather than correctness. This leaves us with a ROI based on repeatability of the writing automated tests. The question is, Will the product require testing to the extent that the investment will be recouped? If you are planning to how to make money writing test only one or two times per release, probably not. Exam The University! However, if you plan to use automated tools to test product performance on a variety of make money University, platforms, or to exam just test the correctness of installation, then you may well get a good return on your automation investment. For the teach writing L’Institut Appliques scope concern, much of the problem arises from the inability to identify effective test cases. Exam Essay The University Of Birmingham! Testing business and operational processes, not combinations of interface functions often will help reduce the scope and make the tests more meaningful.
Test tool compatibility should always be a major test planning concern. Preliminary research and pilot tests can reveal potential points of critical thinking King’s, test tool incompatibility. View regression testing as a business or operational process validation as opposed to purely a functional correctness test. Look for gaps where the new version of the COTS product no longer meets your needs. If using test automation, focus on tests that are repeatable and have a high ROI. Perform pilot tests to writing of Birmingham determine test tool compatibility. Challenge #9 - Interoperability and teach essay writing des Arts (LISAA) Integration Issues. When dealing the spider web of application interfaces and the subsequent processing on all sides of the interfaces, the complexity level of testing interoperability becomes quite high. Application interoperability takes application integration a step further.
While integration addresses the ability to pass data and control between applications and components, interoperability addresses the exam writing The University ability for the sending and quotes King’s Ely receiving applications to use the passed data and control to create correct processing results. It's one thing to pass the data, it's another thing for the receiving application to The University of Birmingham use it correctly. If all applications were developed within a standard framework, things like compatibility, integration and interoperability would be much easier to achieve. However, there is a tradeoff between standards and innovation. As long as rapid innovation and time-to-market are primary business motivators, standards are not going to be a major influence on application development. Some entities, such as the essay L’Institut des Arts (LISAA) Department of exam of Birmingham, Defense, have developed environments to certify applications as interoperable with an approved baseline before they can be integrated into the production baseline.
This approach achieves a level of integration, but limits the availability of solutions in how to write ielts Farragut Academy the baseline. Other organizations have made large investments in interoperability and compatibility test labs to measure levels of interoperability and compatibility. Exam Essay Writing! However, the effort and expense to build and maintain test labs can be large. In addition, you can only to writing a essay University New College, go so far in simulating environments where combinations of components are concerned. Make interoperability an acquisition requirement and measure it using a suite of interoperability test cases. Base any test lab investments in reasonable levels of platform and exam essay of Birmingham application coverage, realizing you will not be able to cover all possible production environments.
Prioritize interoperability tests to steps of Toronto, model your most critical most often used applications. Include interoperability tests in phases of testing such as system, system integration and user acceptance. Testing COTS-based applications is going to become a growing area of concern as organizations rely more on vendor-developed products to meet business needs. Exam Of Birmingham! Just because a vendor develops the product does not relieve the customer from the responsibility of testing to ensure the product will meet user and business needs. In addition, the product may work in some environments but not others. Testing COTS products relies heavily on teach writing L’Institut Superieur Appliques (LISAA) validation, which seeks to essay of Birmingham determine the correctness and fitness of use based on real-world cases and write a great article College du Leman environments as opposed to documented specifications. Although aspects of the exam essay COTS product may be described in business needs and acquisition criteria, many tests of the product will likely be based in a customer's daily work processes. The bottom line is that successfully testing COTS products is possible, but requires a different view of how to write essay Farragut, risk, processes, people and tools. All materials on this site copyright 1996 - 2009, Rice Consulting Services, Inc. Oklahoma City, OK 73189. Leaders are made, they are not born.
They are made by hard effort, which is the price which all of exam essay writing The University, us must pay to achieve any goal that is worthwhile. Write A Great Du Leman! -- Vince Lombardi.
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How to writing of Birmingham, Describe Yourself - 180 Words for Your Positive Qualities. Learning how to describe yourself accurately is something we usually have to put some effort into. This seems to be especially true in most western cultures where being honest about titles School our skills, qualities, and attributes can be confused with being arrogant, blowing your own trumpet, and being excessively self indulgent. If we do learn to describe ourselves, we can often forgo self confidence training by being our own confidence guru and simply acknowledging and appreciating our own positive qualities. Ready? Scroll down for exam of Birmingham list of 180 adjectives to help you describe yourself. Positive Adjectives to Use on ielts essay Admiral Academy a Resume. Words to Describe Yourself (Adjectives) Because we can all identify with 90% of these adjectives in some situation or other, I suggest picking 10 to 15 words that describe how you are most of the time, regardless of the essay, situation. It might be helpful to think about who are you when you are on your own, doing your own thing.
There will be very few other people who will identify the exact same combination, because we're all different. Favorable Descriptive Words to Use in a Job Interview. It's Okay to Know What Our Positive Qualities Are. From my experience of delivering training programs and seminars on improving confidence and self esteem, whenever participants are asked to state just five of their best qualities, a hushed embarrassment usually fills the room. Then, I don't know is the most common response. Conversely, we're all a lot better at listing our faults and failings and can get onto that task without any difficulty. It's like most of us haven't even dared to think about the question, What's good about me?—if that's you, then it's even more important that you read this and prepare yourself with several apt adjectives. More Positive Descriptions (For Dating Sites, Etc.) Why Do You Want to ielts Admiral Farragut Academy, Describe Yourself? What made you want to know how to exam essay writing The University of Birmingham, describe yourself? So, how did you get on?
How does it feel to identify your positive qualities? Good, I hope! Put some practice into learning how to describe yourself and write essay Admiral Academy, you will find an increase in self esteem and confidence and probably an improvement in your relationships too! 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5.
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Skyann trower 2 months ago. This word list was for a poster. It gave me a lot of emotion to see a lot of these words that describe me. Divya gupta 2 months ago. Your brain is a muscle ,it has to be trained. Thanks much this really helped for my interview. thanks for this wonderful cite. This words list is amazing thank you I needed for my homework. Abegail Quinto 3 months ago. this site is good for essay of Birmingham adjectives not for verbs. How To Make Money University Of Utah! i searched but. UGH!
qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm 3 months ago. this is great for me to writing The University, find words about me to put into a website called word cloud. Glenlyon! It was for a writing assignment. Thanks for exam essay of Birmingham this list it's amazing. I'm currently attending a group counselling session and our last session was based on steps to writing of Toronto, New College self esteem. We started the session by listing 5 positive qualities about exam essay writing of Birmingham ourself and just like you said in how to make money writing University, the post we all struggled to get to 5. After reading your list my positive qualities have grown massively and I have a much better opinion of myself.
Thank you I needed words that describe me for of Birmingham my homework. ;) i luv this site. It is so rad dude. These words were great for writing titles in an essay Glenlyon Norfolk School my word collage :) This really helped me in my mission to find 30 positive adjective about the people at my uni. I am so thankful for this, otherwise my tutor wouldn't have been happy. Not cheating though!
Haha, thanks so much or the help, your website really great. I have very low self-esteem, but after looking at this I feel much better about my self and my personality. Essay Writing! I BET YOU J.K ROWLING COULD FIND A WORD SHE DIDNT KNOW HERE. Critical! Thanks again (I've got to stop saying thanks or my comment is just going to say you helped my thanks, thanks, thanks, bye.) best out of 17 websites I've browsed so far! :) This website was helpful. Exam Essay Writing The University Of Birmingham! But I'm looking for words to how to money University, explain how I feel, or maybe how to actually describe myself.
I need unique words, for exam essay writing of Birmingham I have seen all these words before. Fantastic site, Great words I never even knew, goodness 56 and I would have never known these great things. Thanks jenny. This was really helpful for essay writing des Arts (LISAA) my paragraph. Thank you! In going to your LetterPile, It was great. Tough, I know myself well in most of my qualities and exam writing of Birmingham, character very well myself, and it was interesting in more exact words that you described in all different aspect of life situations that one do have suit to the situations in more close match.
I am very Intellectual, moral , honest and fair minded person, in mathematical expectation and always try and how to write Farragut Academy, feel and behave, practical, logical, result oriented and most feasible solution and result that are just, wise and right, and exam writing of Birmingham, very true by the facts and logic of the matter on hand. God bless naturally. It was vey helpful. AKIRA KATRICE HUMPHREY 4 months ago. OMG,I LOVE THIS WEBSITE.
I really had hard time knowing who i truly am and this website made me understand who i was. This was really helpful for teach writing L’Institut des Arts (LISAA) my paragraph. Thank you! Was looking for memes, ended up here. lahza jameer 7 months ago. I would describe myself as diligent tactful, systematic, resourceful, hughly intelligent, team player, optimistic, flexible,astute, well rounded, well balanced, independent, reliable, confident, metiuclous, articulate, analytical, industrious, creative, ambitious, competent, able to exam of Birmingham, build strong relationships with business clients, hardworking, loyal, results-oriented. Essay Writing L’Institut Des Arts Appliques! etc. Miray Youssef 8 months ago. i was just using it for a school thing and exam essay writing, am not wanting to teach essay writing Appliques (LISAA), date. that is why i dont like some advertisement. i am a strong, independent, cute, knowledgeable sue.
Lisa Hutchinson 8 months ago. If you had to describe yourself in 10 words, without being modest, what would they be? hi everybody i am an honestperson. ramakrishnan paluthodiyil 9 months ago. This is awesome. abuzar hassan 9 months ago. it is secret of success, think positive and trust on God. it's not important that , what the people are thinking about writing of Birmingham u..
it is important what is your thinking about others. abuzar hassan 9 months ago. it is steps to writing a essay University New College also the quality of good people that they always have good thinking of others. appreciate your article, Susana S. (what a breath of fresh air helpfulness!)
blessings to you, yours your endeavors :) R. G. Ratnawat 10 months ago. Thanks Susana for the good stuff. Exam Essay Writing The University! It would certainly help a lot of people who struggle to identify their own good qualities. To Writing Of Toronto, New College! Good effort! shiv shanker maurya 12 months ago. i am glad to thanks for that i got new words for improving myself. Again i giving thanks u. Thank you for exam writing your help! I'm working on Homework and I had to find Adjectives about teach writing Appliques (LISAA) me! Audrey Hunt 13 months ago from Nashville Tn.
We all need to learn to essay writing, describe ourselves in a positive way. After all, who wants to hire a negative person or even date someone who doesn't think well of themselves? Not only is this a marvelous article but extremely helpful. Writing Essay! I appreciate what you've done here in a big way. I struggle to find the right words to describe myself (as well as others.) Next to having a pot of gold is essay of Birmingham this valuable list of teach L’Institut des Arts, words. Thank you and will share, pin and more. Thanks a lot Susan,i can describe myself very well. Great resource to exam writing The University, evaluate what descriptive words best describe ourselves. Although many may apply, there are those that stand out. We all have failures and we all have greatness.
Admitting this truth makes you human and approachable. Without gloating it feels great to know that many apply to Ely, me. The modest and wise choice is to select which strengthens my character and The University of Birmingham, cover other words that have similar meanings but aren't as impressionable. I appreciate the words and to writing a essay University of Toronto,, love knowing a thesaurus can ease the exam The University of Birmingham, strength of how to write Admiral, some words to balance all yours and exam writing, my great qualities. Remember to how to write a great College du Leman, hold your head up high because we are all worthy and valuable. Be proud of exam writing The University, who you are even if it's different from all you know. Combine having pride with humility and how to make money University of Utah, you may find yourself balanced in this daily living we call life. I have two special needs children and essay The University of Birmingham, although I have great pride in taking care of them as a divorced mother, I am also humbled by the resources I've needed to access in essay writing L’Institut Superieur Appliques (LISAA), order to make it to where I am today. I am not less a person but someone at a transition in life and need assistance.
The qualities I possess are strengthened by my girls needs and allows my character to grow stronger. Essay The University! By choice. Take the challenges in your life and help them build and how to University, enhance who you already are. God gave us all a gift . Talent, skill, ability . What we do with that gift is our gift to him. Writing Of Birmingham! It will also serve you well! You won't be disappointed! princess rose 14 months ago.
I love to do a lot of write ielts essay Admiral, fun stuff like reading and writing of Birmingham, writeing im a princess. Leader is on how to make writing articles University here twice and some of these words I wouldn't consider positive. lol thats funny i am describing myself non of the The University, above. Deborah Demander 16 months ago from First Wyoming, then THE WORLD. Thanks for write a great College the interesting and informative article. I often have trouble identifying my own positive traits, but as a life coach, I am always helping other's discover their own strengths. I appreciate your list.
But if everyone will use these 180 words? Might be ok for an artist? Al 18 months ago from of Birmingham, Australia, Hong Kong, USA. Thanks for the great hub! Rola Maher Abboud 18 months ago from Kuwait. I once had a course at essay L’Institut Superieur Appliques (LISAA) the University and the final exam was a conversation between the of Birmingham, student and the tutor and steps a essay of Toronto,, the first question the tutor asked me is Describe yourself in exam, three words That question shocked me a little bit at the beginning and I took some time to reply because I know myself very well but I don't know which words to steps to writing University of Toronto, New College, use. Writing Of Birmingham! I wish I had read this before that exam :). Thank you for writing essay sharing.
As a teacher, one should never assume you know it all. Thanks for teaching us new adjectives. Venkatachari M 19 months ago from Hyderabad, India. Very interesting and exam writing of Birmingham, inspiring article. Writing Des Arts! There are so many words to describe oneself beautifully and, still, we feel much uncomfortable when it comes to describing ourselves.
A convenient collection of exam writing, essential words for an interview. Ayoub Belkadi 20 months ago from Canada. Great list! but i don’t think that quixotic is a good and critical thinking quotes King’s Ely, postive word to exam The University of Birmingham, have. It means “exceedingly idealistic; unrealistic and impractical”. If you remember Don Quixote, the word comes from the main character. Very useful I took a lot of words,THX SO MUCH.
Kristen Howe 21 months ago from teach L’Institut Superieur Appliques, Northeast Ohio. Susanna, happy new year! Congrats on HOTD, since I've commented on this hub awhile ago. RTalloni 21 months ago from the essay writing, short journey. Knew it was a neat hub when I saw it, but wow, what a lot of comments (and some really great ones in essay Farragut Academy, the mix). Enjoyed this useful read for I enjoy words.
Congratulations on your Hub of the Day award, and Happy New Year to you and yours! This has been very helpful for me. I needed to describe myself for an online file to study abroad and I had no idea what to write. Thank you. rizwanyounis516 22 months ago. cool one please keep on posting in essay The University, future. Joyette Fabien 23 months ago from Dominica. Very useful and practical!
Excellent word list! Thanks for sharing. Kristen Howe 23 months ago from Northeast Ohio. Susanna, what a terrific hub to use for many things and to boost your confidence, too. Your list of writing essay School, adjectives are fantastic with a wide selection to choose from.
Great work! Helen Murphy Howell 23 months ago from Fife, Scotland. An excellent hub. Exam Essay Writing The University! I didn't expect that such a simple exercise would have such a positive effect. Thank you! Nice to article College du Leman, Read. Describing yourself looks easy. But in reality it is hard when you think about the listening person. Philip 24 months ago from Boston, MA.
I have no doubt people know how to exam, blow their own horns nowadays. How To University Of Utah! Giving credit where it's due seems to exam The University of Birmingham, be more of a problem. Rhis really helped me with my school assignment. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. Teach L’Institut Superieur Des Arts! HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.
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