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Define critical thinking Oxford Tutorial College

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My Adventure Essays and Research Papers. may need a tissue for the ending. The Spirit of.. Adventure Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things that you . Thinking Tutorial? didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover. -- Mark Twain Adventure comes to critically think those who seek it.

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23). For. Adventure , Alfred, Lord Tennyson , Cat 1297 Words | 4 Pages. A hero is how to write essay example Tutorial College a man who is endowed with great courage and strength and favored by the gods. In the story The Adventures of Ulysses, by Bernard . Evslin, the character of Ulysses' describes the qualities of a hero. Oxford College? Ulysses displays the characteristics of write with Tutorial College bravery, intelligence, and strength. The protagonist in the story performs many courageous feats. Define Oxford Tutorial College? Ulysses' bravery carries him though the many challenges he faces. As Ulysses talks to his men about how to escape from Cyclops' cave, he says, When I give. Courage , English-language films , Holds of Pern 444 Words | 2 Pages. Why should we care about mythological heroic figures?

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Often they are being held in the Mundane World by forces - sometimes through ignorance of the existence . of another world. The Call To Adventure The spark that launches a hero onto research The University the journey is the define critical Oxford Tutorial College Call To Adventure . Something from the world of adventure appears in the hero's Mundane World and the journey begins. Crossing The Threshold Now that the hero has received the call, he or she must step into the new world. Saint John? This means Crossing. Adventure , Comparative mythology , Fairy tale 985 Words | 4 Pages. Joseph Campbell Hero s Journey Charac. ?Interpretations of Joseph Campbell and the Hero’s Journey ____________________________________________________________ The Hero’s Journey: 1. Heroes are . introduced in define critical Oxford Tutorial the ORDINARY WORLD, where 2. they receive the CALL TO ADVENTURE . 3. Coursework John Paul? They are RELUCTANT at first or REFUSE THE CALL, but 4. are encouraged by a MENTOR to 5. CROSS THE FIRST THRESHOLD and critical thinking Oxford, enter the Special World, where 6. Essays? they encounter TESTS, ALLIES, AND ENEMIES.

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Moses was picked. Adventure , Athena , Book of Exodus 1596 Words | 5 Pages. Odyssey, is one of struggle, loss, heartache, pain, growth and triumph. It is comprised of many steps that Odysseus has to overcome and battle through in . order to achieve his final goal of reaching his home and his loved ones. From the Ardingly Call to Adventure to critical thinking Oxford Tutorial the Freedom or Gift of essays Ardingly living, Odysseus conquered them all.

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Adventure isn't boring, nor is it exciting. It is but both at the same time, intertwining between the two. Adventure is exploring the unknown, and doing things a person isn’t normally comfortable with. But, it also doesn't have to think Business & Hospitality School be hanging on a rope off the side of. Adventure , Atlantic Ocean , Christopher Columbus 563 Words | 2 Pages. Life’s an adventure Even though, no matter how many attempts one can truly grasp. Define Thinking? The actual philosophy of life should not be something that . people want to find the meaning of but merely an London, & Hospitality School adventure full of surprises. For centuries there has been countless attempts at trying to prove the reasoning of life but have lacked the main component, reality. I think that having an explanation for define critical thinking Tutorial, occurrences in life help people cope with the reality and actuality of it all together.

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Family , Father , Marriage 1165 Words | 3 Pages. major you chose ? The reason you think you can get the assistance from the program? And this it my essay. It is so ashame when i must say . that i did this in over 1 month what you can do in only some hours..but i think it is write example not good. . Define Critical Thinking Oxford? I love my hometown, love views from the medical coursework John II Academy windown of my house, the ground which is full with childrens' laughs,love the peace of the simple life here. 2008 singles , My Hometown , Poverty 2125 Words | 5 Pages. ? My Antonia: (Individualism: Its Influence over Lena, Jim and Antonia During Their Childhood, Adolescence and Adulthood) “The longest . Thinking Tutorial? journey is the journey inwards.

Of him who has chosen his destiny, Who has started upon his quest for the source of his being”--- Dag Hammarskjold.1 This individualist journey, Hammarskjold refers to, consists of two very important elements which contribute to individualism: (1) having the awareness of personal accountability before the work Ardingly Lord and Savior and (2). Adolescence , English-language films , Individualism 2197 Words | 5 Pages. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay. friend, a parent, an uncle, a religious figure, or even a teacher. A protector looks out for others and define Tutorial, leads people in the right direction.

In . Critically Glion London, Business & Hospitality? Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn by define College Mark Twain, Jim is the protector of critically Glion Business & Hospitality Huck. The lessons that Huck learns through his journey shows the reader that not all black people are what society claims they are. Along Huck’s adventure , Jim lends his guidance and support to Huck, through his actions and advice, which helps mature Huck as an individual. Jim’s actions, specifically. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Equals sign , Life 1471 Words | 4 Pages. The Report on critical thinking Tutorial the Adventure of Tom Sawyer. The Report on work Ardingly The Adventure of Tom Sawyer The book I read is The Adventure of Tom Sawyer, which was written by Mark Twain, . and before I read the book, I search some information about him, I think it may support a lot of critical thinking Oxford College help for how to write essay with example Tutorial, my reading. Introduction of the author: Mark Twain is the pen name of Samuel Clemens. He was one of the greatest American writers. Define Tutorial? He captured a peculiarly American humor.

He represented a new American voice. Mark was born in writing essay University of Utah Florida, Mississippi, in 1835. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Mark Twain , The Adventures of Tom Sawyer 2825 Words | 7 Pages. The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Essay. ?The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is about the unlikely friendship . between Huck Finn, a poor white boy, and Jim, a slave searching for freedom. Critical Thinking Oxford Tutorial? Their adventures together throughout the book showcase the failings of how to write essay with example Oxford society at the time, but also show that a friendship between an define critical Oxford African American and writing a great of Utah, white boy can flourish. College? Over the course of the book Huck begins to become more conscious of write Oxford Tutorial College Jim as a person and an equal, rather than someone. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Mark Twain , Tom Sawyer 1025 Words | 3 Pages. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is a book full of Tutorial controversy and articles research, debate. . Some will agree that this is a classic too rudimentary for anyone to read, with its bad grammar and discriminating texts. Critical Thinking Oxford? But others believe that this book, which is rich with irony and argumentation and persuasion NEOMA Business School, satire, is a book that everybody should read.

True, it is almost impossible to grasp Twain's satirical style and techniques; but once you read underneath the surface of his words this is. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , American literature , Mark Twain 2244 Words | 6 Pages. Cather’s MY ANTONIA Optima dies . Tutorial? prima fugit. Argumentation NEOMA? My Antonia, by Willa Cather, is a modernist novel that recounts and . celebrates the past through the relationship of man and the natural world. Cather incorporates an epigraph at the start of the define critical thinking Oxford novel from Virgil’s Georgics that means “The best days…are the work first to flee,” which is integrated by many elements throughout the story as it is the define critical thinking Oxford College epicenter in which the themes of the novel revolve. A Great University Of Utah? For those who aren’t familiar Georgics consists of. Aristaeus , Georgics , Life 1399 Words | 4 Pages. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn as a Hero's Quest. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: is a novel that illustrates the social limitations which American Civilization imposes on individual freedom . (Smith.1985, p.47-49). Huck is on a hero's quest of self-identification, and in critical the process, resisting the school John beliefs of his society.

A mythic quest is what a hero is embarked upon in order to be humbled. In being so, the critical thinking Oxford Tutorial College hero understands, have sympathy and empathy toward his fellow man. The mythic quest is divided into three main categories, the departure. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Mark Twain , Mississippi River 1427 Words | 5 Pages. Adventures of Ardingly College Huckleberry Finn- Analysis. education which is provided by society, can actually hinder human growth and define thinking Oxford Tutorial College, maturity. Although a formal education shouldn't be completely shunned, perhaps . true life experience, in school society and nature, are a key part of development. In the novel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain throws the curious yet innocent mind of Huck Finn out into a very hypocritical, judgmental, and hostile world, yet Huck has one escape--the Mississippi River constantly flowing nearby. Here nature is thinking College presented as.

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Mark Twain , Mississippi River 1012 Words | 3 Pages. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. THULLIER Quentin M1 PLC Commentary on The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. This extract comes from one of Mark Twain’s novels, The . Adventure of Huckleberry Finn, a book about critically think Business & Hospitality a young boy and a former slave who does not know he had been freed, living together as friends. They try to survive by themselves during racist times in America, more precisely around the Mississippi river. This novel was first published in 1885; the passage we have to critical thinking Oxford study is writing a great essay situated at the very beginning of the tenth. 19th century , Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , American literature 2481 Words | 6 Pages. Racism in the Adventure of Huckleberry Finn. brilliance and Oxford College, innocence.Despite many critics have attacked its racist perspective;the piece merely represents a reality that occurred during antebellum . America,the setting of the novel.Twain’s literary devices in medical John capturing the Oxford Tutorial focal of excitement, adventure ,and human sympathy is a wonderful novel that should be recognized,not for bigotry, but that it is the University of Utah candid viewpoint of a boy that grew up in that era.And even then,the protagonist does overcome some social prejudices of slavery because he. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , American literature , Mark Twain 2002 Words | 6 Pages.

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This is my place in the world, my corner of Canada. There are many lands which have been described as similar to mine. A land with. 2008 albums , Bee Gees , Earth 539 Words | 3 Pages. An Experience in My Life December 31, 2004, while everyone else was celebrating New Year’s, my family and I were moving from . one city to another.

It was hard for me to define critical thinking College move another city because I was leaving behind the critically Glion Business & Hospitality town where I was born and all my friends. This was one of the biggest impacts that I have experience in my life. Moving from one town to another was like moving to another world where I did not know anyone. But the hardest part of critical thinking College moving for me was moving to another school where. 2007 singles , A Different World , Born in the U.S.A. 1014 Words | 3 Pages. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. He looks out for Huck and he is work College respected and looked upon by Huck. Thinking Tutorial? This is also more significant because Huckleberry Finn never had a father and he . never really had a role model. Jim serves this purpose perfectly. Throughout all of his adventures Jim shows compassion as his most prominent trait.

He makes the argumentation essay NEOMA Business School reader aware of thinking Oxford his many superstitions and Jim exhibits gullibility in the sense that he Jim always assumes the other characters in the book will not take advantage of him. One incident. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Mark Twain , Slavery in the United States 2192 Words | 5 Pages. Literary Analysis of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Literary Analysis of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn In Huckleberry Finn there are several themes. There are themes of racism and slavery, . civilized society, survival, water imagery, and the one I will be discussing, superstition ( SparkNotes Editors).

Superstition is medical Saint Paul II Academy a belief or practice resulting from ignorance, fear of the critical Oxford Tutorial unknown, trust in how to write essay example Oxford College magic or chance, or a false conception of causation (“Merriam-Webster”). Define Critical Oxford Tutorial? Superstition was a very popular theme in writing a great University Huckleberry Finn that. Adventures of Oxford Huckleberry Finn , Chance , Luck 1097 Words | 3 Pages. The Linguistic Art Of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. ?2013130908 WANGXIAOTONG The Linguistic Art Of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn The most significant feature . that I noticed, after the first glance of the novel of? The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn?,(Mark Twain ,Penguin Books LTD,1985,ISBN0-14-243717-4), are the words, phrases and and persuasion School, sentences structures used by Mark Twain. This is the first book that I have ever read, which all is written by colloquial languages, and sometimes even in misspelling words and dialects. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Grammatical tense , Grammatical tenses 902 Words | 4 Pages. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, takes place in St. Petersburg, Missouri during the critical Oxford College 1830s.

This town is in the south, and contains several . morals and think Glion London, Business & Hospitality, ideals iconic to define thinking Oxford College it's location and time. The location and time of this story serve as elements that, open vital opportunities, help conflicts gain suspense, and develop Huck and Jim and their important friendship. Think London, & Hospitality School? Throughout the story Huck manages to get himself into many adventures but also many misadventures. Define Critical Thinking Oxford Tutorial College? Huck's mock-epic begins with. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn 1761 Words | 4 Pages. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

HMini Research Final Draft (A Dissertation on Racism and articles The University of Sheffield, “Huckleberry Finn”) The “ Adventures of Oxford Huckleberry Finn” is the greatest, and . most adventurist novel in the free world. Mark Twain has a style of his own that depicts a since of realism in the novel about the School society back in Post-Civil War America. Mark Twain definitely characterizes the define critical thinking Oxford Tutorial College hero or main character, the intelligent and sympathetic Huckleberry Finn, by the direct way of writing as though speaking through the actual voice of. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , American literature , Mark Twain 1658 Words | 4 Pages. Wilderness Newfoundland Adventures. Wilderness Newfoundland Adventures Case Study #28 Presented to: Professor Linda Blakney Presented by: Sparkle Smile Marketing . Antonette Azzi Edona Berisha Wing Yu Cheung Kerry Forrest Jinghua Xie Marketing II: MKT 2302-070 Table of essay NEOMA Business Contents 1. Executive Summary 3 2. Situation Analysis 4 3. Assumptions 9 4. Core Problem 9 5. Alternatives 10 6. Evaluative Criteria 11 7. Analysis of Alternatives 11 8. Decision and define thinking Oxford, Justification 14 9. Implementation 15 10. Adventure , Canada , Market 3409 Words | 11 Pages. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Huck. understand the character since character foiling helps to critically think Business & Hospitality School identify their strengths and weaknesses.

Mark Twain uses several character foils, each of which . have a different impact on thinking College Huck’s moral growth. Throughout the classic American novel, The Adventures of a great essay University Huckleberry Finn, Huck’s friends help to bring out the best of his traits and morals: Buck, Tom and the King and critical Tutorial College, the Duke. ! For example, Tom Sawyer serves as a character foil for Huck Finn. Tom and Huck’s religious beliefs con?ict since Tom. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Mark Twain , Tom Sawyer 825 Words | 3 Pages. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Dialectical Journal. Ciara Young November 5, 2012 B Hour Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by articles research The University Mark Twain Genre: Fiction, Adventure Novel Historical . Context: First published in England in December 1884 and in the United States in February 1885. Naturalism (c.1865-1900) A literary movement that used detailed realism to suggest that social conditions, heredity, and environment had unavoidable force in shaping human character.

Protagonist: Huckleberry Finn was young boy in the late nineteenth century coming of define critical College age. He. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Mark Twain , Mississippi River 2373 Words | 6 Pages. Life of Pi Adversity on Identity (Introduction) learn to of Sheffield adapt to what has happened and make do with the circumstances, whereas other individuals will find themselves unable to thinking cope with adversity and . University Of Utah? ultimately breakdown and lose their ability to carry on. Define Thinking Oxford Tutorial? Yann Martel explores, in critically think London, & Hospitality his fantasy adventure novel, Life of critical Tutorial College Pi, a young boy’s reaction to the hardships of adversity. Piscine Patel, an adventurous tenacious young boy experiences the struggle of surviving at essays Ardingly College, sea, and the calamity of coping with tragic events in his life. Yann Martel develops. Adventure , Adventure novel , Canada Reads 1112 Words | 3 Pages.

Analysis of the define thinking College poem 'My Country' by think Glion London, Business Oscar Krahnvohl. lines tell of man's obsession with their space adventure of invading the nine planets. The stanza ends on define thinking Oxford asking what 'he' shall find to writing University equal . this sunburnt land. This stanza stands on a political quota, are we really a democratic society? Overall: Overall this poem is a parody of Dorothea Mackellar's ' My Country' but also many other issues stand out in this pal issues. It is Oxford very cynical towards the original but it is also an think Glion London, Business 'updated' version of ' My Country' as the statements made by Mackellar.

Democracy , Division of Mackellar , Dorothea Mackellar 793 Words | 3 Pages. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay The Fate of the King and the Duke The characters of the King and the Duke are most likely the most . important after Huck and Jim in the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain. These two men come into Huck's story in chapter nineteen when he leaves the Grangerfords, a family who is fighting a continuous and everlasting war against critical Oxford College their neighbors, the Shepherdsons. Huck sees the King and the Duke being chased by some dogs, and research The University, he decides to take. Adventures of define critical Oxford College Huckleberry Finn , Mark Twain , Mississippi River 1227 Words | 3 Pages. My Antonia: Living forces Anne Bradstreet once wrote, – “If we had no winter, the spring would not be so pleasant: if we did not sometimes . taste of adversity, prosperity would not be so welcome.” Have your emotions been affected by the changing seasons?

Have you reacted according to the weather conditions? Sometimes, the surroundings have a stronger effect than what people may think. They affect human beings’ behaviors and work Ardingly, actions in such a way that most of what people do and thinking Tutorial, feel goes accordingly. Autumn , Family , My Antonia 1884 Words | 5 Pages. My perfect day would start by me waking early — 7:30 am is early, for me — feeling refreshed and restored. I haven't had a relaxing night of . sleep in months and often awaken far later than I had planned, feeling guilty, stiff, and still sleepy. After a hot shower and argumentation NEOMA Business, a shave I'd put on a comfortable outfit, including nice socks (it's amazing how wearing a pair of define critical Tutorial nice socks can improve my day), comfortable jeans, and a tagless t-shirt (really, the ones without itchy tags in the back of the neck. 2008 singles , A Little Bit , A Little Bit Longer 1044 Words | 3 Pages. ‘It’s Not My Fault That It’s Default’ By Georgia Mitchell When you sit down in front of the critically think Glion television on Friday night and think about what . you are going to watch, you should definitely consider the hilarious British sitcom, My Family. This modern day sitcom is define Oxford based around the lives of an average, middle-class English family and their day-to-day experiences.

The program is set within an enclosed world which changes between the College Harper’s residence and critical thinking Oxford Tutorial College, a dental surgery. The funny and writing essay University, opinionated. Comedy , Daisy Donovan , Daniela Denby-Ashe 900 Words | 3 Pages.

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Using the Balanced Scorecard as a Strategic Management System. The balanced scorecard revolutionized conventional thinking about performance metrics. When Kaplan and Norton first introduced the concept, in 1992, companies were busy transforming themselves to compete in the world of information; their ability to exploit intangible assets was becoming more decisive than their ability to manage physical assets. The scorecard allowed companies to track financial results while monitoring progress in building the capabilities needed for growth. The tool was not intended to be a replacement for critical College financial measures but rather a complement—and that’s just how most companies treated it. Some companies went a step further, however, and discovered the scorecard’s value as the cornerstone of a new strategic management system. In this article from 1996, the authors describe how the balanced scorecard can address a serious deficiency in traditional management systems: the inability to link a company’s long-term strategy with its short-term financial goals. The scorecard lets managers introduce four new processes that help companies make that important link. The first process— translating the writing a great University vision —helps managers build a consensus concerning a company’s strategy and express it in terms that can guide action at the local level. The second— communicating and linking —calls for communicating a strategy at all levels of the define critical Oxford Tutorial organization and linking it with unit and individual goals. Write Essay Example Tutorial College. The third— business planning —enables companies to critical thinking Oxford, integrate their business plans with their financial plans.

The fourth— feedback and writing a great, learning —gives companies the capacity for Tutorial College strategic learning, which consists of gathering feedback, testing the hypotheses on which a strategy is based, and making necessary adjustments. Why do budgets often bear little direct relation to a company’s long-term strategic objectives? Because they don’t take enough into Business, consideration. Critical Thinking Tutorial. A balanced scorecard augments traditional financial measures with benchmarks for argumentation and persuasion essay Business School performance in three key nonfinancial areas: a company’s relationship with its customers its key internal processes its learning and growth. When performance measures for these areas are added to the financial metrics, the result is not only a broader perspective on the company’s health and activities, it’s also a powerful organizing framework. A sophisticated instrument panel for define critical thinking Oxford coordinating and fine-tuning a company’s operations and businesses so that all activities are aligned with its strategy. The Idea in argumentation Business, Practice. The balanced scorecard relies on four processes to bind short-term activities to long-term objectives: By relying on measurement, the scorecard forces managers to come to agreement on the metrics they will use to operationalize their lofty visions. Example:

A bank had articulated its strategy as providing “superior service to targeted customers.” But the process of choosing operational measures for the four areas of the scorecard made executives realize that they first needed to reconcile divergent views of who the targeted customers were and what constituted superior service. When a scorecard is disseminated up and down the organizational chart, strategy becomes a tool available to everyone. As the high-level scorecard cascades down to individual business units, overarching strategic objectives and measures are translated into objectives and measures appropriate to each particular group. Tying these targets to individual performance and critical Oxford Tutorial, compensation systems yields “personal scorecards.” Thus, individual employees understand how their own productivity supports the overall strategy. Most companies have separate procedures (and sometimes units) for NEOMA strategic planning and budgeting. Little wonder, then, that typical long-term planning is, in the words of one executive, where “the rubber meets the sky.” The discipline of creating a balanced scorecard forces companies to integrate the two functions, thereby ensuring that financial budgets do indeed support strategic goals. After agreeing on performance measures for Oxford College the four scorecard perspectives, companies identify the medical school coursework Saint Paul II Academy most influential “drivers” of the desired outcomes and then set milestones for gauging the critical thinking College progress they make with these drivers.

By supplying a mechanism for strategic feedback and review, the balanced scorecard helps an organization foster a kind of learning often missing in companies: the ability to John II Academy, reflect on inferences and adjust theories about cause-and-effect relationships. Feedback about Oxford Tutorial College products and services. New learning about key internal processes. Work Ardingly. Technological discoveries. All this information can be fed into the scorecard, enabling strategic refinements to be made continually. Thus, at any point in the implementation, managers can know whether the strategy is thinking Tutorial working—and if not, why.

As companies around the world transform themselves for competition that is work College based on information, their ability to exploit intangible assets has become far more decisive than their ability to invest in and manage physical assets. Several years ago, in recognition of this change, we introduced a concept we called the balanced scorecard . The balanced scorecard supplemented traditional financial measures with criteria that measured performance from three additional perspectives—those of customers, internal business processes, and learning and growth. (See the exhibit “Translating Vision and Strategy: Four Perspectives.”) It therefore enabled companies to track financial results while simultaneously monitoring progress in building the capabilities and acquiring the intangible assets they would need for future growth. The scorecard wasn’t a replacement for financial measures; it was their complement. Recently, we have seen some companies move beyond our early vision for the scorecard to discover its value as the cornerstone of a new strategic management system. Oxford College. Used this way, the scorecard addresses a serious deficiency in traditional management systems: their inability to link a company’s long-term strategy with its short-term actions. Most companies’ operational and critically think Glion School, management control systems are built around financial measures and targets, which bear little relation to the company’s progress in achieving long-term strategic objectives.

Thus the emphasis most companies place on short-term financial measures leaves a gap between the development of a strategy and its implementation. Managers using the balanced scorecard do not have to rely on short-term financial measures as the define critical thinking sole indicators of the company’s performance. The scorecard lets them introduce four new management processes that, separately and in combination, contribute to linking long-term strategic objectives with short-term actions. (See the exhibit “Managing Strategy: Four Processes.”) The first new process— translating the vision —helps managers build a consensus around the organization’s vision and strategy. Despite the best intentions of those at the top, lofty statements about becoming “best in class,” “the number one supplier,” or an “empowered organization” don’t translate easily into operational terms that provide useful guides to action at the local level. For people to act on the words in vision and strategy statements, those statements must be expressed as an integrated set of objectives and how to with Oxford Tutorial College, measures, agreed upon by all senior executives, that describe the long-term drivers of success. The second process— communicating and linking —lets managers communicate their strategy up and down the organization and link it to departmental and individual objectives. Traditionally, departments are evaluated by critical thinking Oxford Tutorial, their financial performance, and individual incentives are tied to short-term financial goals. The scorecard gives managers a way of ensuring that all levels of the essay with example organization understand the long-term strategy and define critical Oxford Tutorial, that both departmental and individual objectives are aligned with it.

The third process— business planning —enables companies to integrate their business and financial plans. School. Almost all organizations today are implementing a variety of change programs, each with its own champions, gurus, and consultants, and each competing for senior executives’ time, energy, and resources. Managers find it difficult to critical thinking Oxford, integrate those diverse initiatives to achieve their strategic goals—a situation that leads to of Utah, frequent disappointments with the critical thinking Oxford College programs’ results. But when managers use the ambitious goals set for balanced scorecard measures as the basis for allocating resources and setting priorities, they can undertake and think London, Business & Hospitality, coordinate only College those initiatives that move them toward their long-term strategic objectives. The fourth process— feedback and learning —gives companies the how to write essay Tutorial capacity for what we call strategic learning. Existing feedback and review processes focus on whether the company, its departments, or its individual employees have met their budgeted financial goals. Thinking Tutorial College. With the balanced scorecard at the center of its management systems, a company can monitor short-term results from the three additional perspectives—customers, internal business processes, and learning and growth—and evaluate strategy in the light of recent performance. The scorecard thus enables companies to modify strategies to essay of Utah, reflect real-time learning.

None of the define critical thinking Oxford more than 100 organizations that we have studied or with which we have worked implemented their first balanced scorecard with the intention of developing a new strategic management system. But in articles, each one, the senior executives discovered that the scorecard supplied a framework and thus a focus for many critical management processes: departmental and individual goal setting, business planning, capital allocations, strategic initiatives, and feedback and learning. Previously, those processes were uncoordinated and often directed at Oxford Tutorial, short-term operational goals. Medical School Saint John II Academy. By building the scorecard, the senior executives started a process of change that has gone well beyond the critical thinking original idea of simply broadening the writing company’s performance measures. For example, one insurance company—let’s call it National Insurance—developed its first balanced scorecard to create a new vision for itself as an define Oxford, underwriting specialist.

But once National started to critically think London,, use it, the scorecard allowed the CEO and the senior management team not only to introduce a new strategy for the organization but also to overhaul the company’s management system. Define Critical Thinking Oxford Tutorial College. The CEO subsequently told employees in a letter addressed to the whole organization that National would thenceforth use the balanced scorecard and a great essay of Utah, the philosophy that it represented to manage the business. National built its new strategic management system step-by-step over 30 months, with each step representing an incremental improvement. (See the exhibit “How One Company Built a Strategic Management System…”) The iterative sequence of actions enabled the College company to reconsider each of the four new management processes two or three times before the system stabilized and became an established part of National’s overall management system. Critically Glion London, School. Thus the critical College CEO was able to transform the company so that everyone could focus on Business School achieving long-term strategic objectives—something that no purely financial framework could do. The CEO of an engineering construction company, after working with his senior management team for critical Tutorial several months to develop a mission statement, got a phone call from a great University of Utah, a project manager in the field. “I want you to know,” the distraught manager said, “that I believe in the mission statement.

I want to critical thinking College, act in accordance with the mission statement. I’m here with my customer. What am I supposed to do?” The mission statement, like those of many other organizations, had declared an intention to “use high-quality employees to research of Sheffield, provide services that surpass customers’ needs.” But the project manager in the field with his employees and Tutorial College, his customer did not know how to translate those words into the appropriate actions. The phone call convinced the CEO that a large gap existed between the school II Academy mission statement and employees’ knowledge of how their day-to-day actions could contribute to realizing the company’s vision. The Balanced Scorecard: Measures That Drive Performance. Metro Bank (not its real name), the define critical thinking result of a merger of two competitors, encountered a similar gap while building its balanced scorecard.

The senior executive group thought it had reached agreement on the new organization’s overall strategy: “to provide superior service to targeted customers.” Research had revealed five basic market segments among existing and potential customers, each with different needs. A Great Essay Of Utah. While formulating the measures for the customer-perspective portion of their balanced scorecard, however, it became apparent that although the critical 25 senior executives agreed on the words of the strategy, each one had a different definition of a great essay University, superior service and a different image of the targeted customers . The exercise of critical Tutorial College, developing operational measures for the four perspectives on the bank’s scorecard forced the example 25 executives to clarify the critical thinking Oxford Tutorial College meaning of the strategy statement. Ultimately, they agreed to how to essay with Oxford Tutorial, stimulate revenue growth through new products and services and define, also agreed on the three most desirable customer segments. They developed scorecard measures for the specific products and services that should be delivered to customers in the targeted segments as well as for the relationship the bank should build with customers in each segment. The scorecard also highlighted gaps in Paul II Academy, employees’ skills and in information systems that the bank would have to close in order to deliver the selected value propositions to thinking Tutorial, the targeted customers. Think Glion London, Business School. Thus, creating a balanced scorecard forced the bank’s senior managers to arrive at a consensus and then to translate their vision into terms that had meaning to the people who would realize the vision. “The top ten people in the business now understand the strategy better than ever before. Critical College. It’s too bad,” a senior executive of The University of Sheffield, a major oil company complained, “that we can’t put this in a bottle so that everyone could share it.” With the balanced scorecard, he can.

One company we have worked with deliberately involved three layers of Oxford, management in the creation of its balanced scorecard. The senior executive group formulated the financial and customer objectives. It then mobilized the writing a great University of Utah talent and information in the next two levels of managers by having them formulate the internal-business-process and learning-and-growth objectives that would drive the achievement of the financial and customer goals. For example, knowing the importance of satisfying customers’ expectations of on-time delivery, the broader group identified several internal business processes—such as order processing, scheduling, and fulfillment—in which the company had to excel. To do so, the company would have to define thinking Tutorial, retrain frontline employees and improve the a great essay information systems available to them. The group developed performance measures for those critical processes and for staff and systems capabilities. Broad participation in creating a scorecard takes longer, but it offers several advantages: Information from a larger number of managers is define Tutorial College incorporated into the internal objectives; the managers gain a better understanding of the company’s long-term strategic goals; and argumentation and persuasion essay School, such broad participation builds a stronger commitment to achieving those goals. But getting managers to buy into the scorecard is only a first step in linking individual actions to corporate goals. The balanced scorecard signals to everyone what the organization is define Oxford Tutorial trying to achieve for shareholders and customers alike. Glion & Hospitality. But to align employees’ individual performances with the overall strategy, scorecard users generally engage in three activities: communicating and educating, setting goals, and linking rewards to Oxford Tutorial College, performance measures.

Implementing a strategy begins with educating those who have to execute it. Whereas some organizations opt to hold their strategy close to the vest, most believe that they should disseminate it from top to bottom. A broad-based communication program shares with all employees the argumentation and persuasion essay School strategy and the critical objectives they have to meet if the define critical Oxford Tutorial College strategy is to succeed. Onetime events such as the distribution of brochures or newsletters and the holding of “town meetings” might kick off the program. Some organizations post bulletin boards that illustrate and explain the balanced scorecard measures, then update them with monthly results. Others use groupware and electronic bulletin boards to distribute the and persuasion essay School scorecard to the desktops of all employees and to encourage dialogue about the measures. The same media allow employees to make suggestions for achieving or exceeding the targets.

The balanced scorecard, as the embodiment of College, business unit strategy, should also be communicated upward in the organization—to corporate headquarters and to the corporate board of directors. Coursework John Paul II Academy. With the scorecard, business units can quantify and communicate their long-term strategies to senior executives using a comprehensive set of critical Oxford, linked financial and nonfinancial measures. Such communication informs the executives and a great essay University, the board in specific terms that long-term strategies designed for competitive success are in place. The measures also provide the basis for feedback and accountability. Meeting short-term financial targets should not constitute satisfactory performance when other measures indicate that the long-term strategy is either not working or not being implemented well. Should the thinking Oxford balanced scorecard be communicated beyond the boardroom to essay School, external shareholders? We believe that as senior executives gain confidence in the ability of the scorecard measures to monitor strategic performance and critical Oxford College, predict future financial performance, they will find ways to inform outside investors about those measures without disclosing competitively sensitive information.

Skandia, an write essay with Oxford College, insurance and critical Tutorial College, financial services company based in Sweden, issues a supplement to its annual report called “The Business Navigator”—“an instrument to help us navigate into argumentation NEOMA School, the future and thereby stimulate renewal and development.” The supplement describes Skandia’s strategy and the strategic measures the company uses to define critical thinking Oxford, communicate and evaluate the strategy. It also provides a report on the company’s performance along those measures during the year. Argumentation Essay NEOMA Business School. The measures are customized for each operating unit and include, for example, market share, customer satisfaction and retention, employee competence, employee empowerment, and technology deployment. Communicating the balanced scorecard promotes commitment and critical Tutorial College, accountability to coursework John Paul, the business’s long-term strategy. As one executive at Metro Bank declared, “The balanced scorecard is both motivating and obligating.” Mere awareness of corporate goals, however, is thinking Oxford Tutorial not enough to change many people’s behavior. Somehow, the organization’s high-level strategic objectives and measures must be translated into objectives and measures for operating units and individuals. The exploration group of a large oil company developed a technique to enable and encourage individuals to set goals for themselves that were consistent with the how to write essay example Tutorial College organization’s.

It created a small, fold-up, personal scorecard that people could carry in their shirt pockets or wallets. (See the exhibit “The Personal Scorecard.”) The scorecard contains three levels of information. The first describes corporate objectives, measures, and targets. The second leaves room for translating corporate targets into targets for critical Oxford each business unit. For the third level, the company asks both individuals and teams to articulate which of their own objectives would be consistent with the business unit and corporate objectives, as well as what initiatives they would take to achieve their objectives. Write Example Tutorial. It also asks them to define up to five performance measures for their objectives and to define critical thinking Oxford Tutorial, set targets for each measure. Articles Research The University Of Sheffield. The personal scorecard helps to communicate corporate and business unit objectives to the people and teams performing the work, enabling them to translate the objectives into meaningful tasks and targets for themselves. Critical Thinking Oxford College. It also lets them keep that information close at hand—in their pockets. Linking rewards to performance measures. Should compensation systems be linked to essays College, balanced scorecard measures?

Some companies, believing that tying financial compensation to performance is a powerful lever, have moved quickly to establish such a linkage. For example, an oil company that we’ll call Pioneer Petroleum uses its scorecard as the sole basis for define thinking Tutorial computing incentive compensation. The company ties 60% of its executives’ bonuses to their achievement of ambitious targets for a weighted average of four financial indicators: return on capital, profitability, cash flow, and operating cost. It bases the remaining 40% on indicators of customer satisfaction, dealer satisfaction, employee satisfaction, and environmental responsibility (such as a percentage change in the level of emissions to water and air). Think Glion London,. Pioneer’s CEO says that linking compensation to the scorecard has helped to define Oxford Tutorial, align the company with its strategy. “I know of no competitor,” he says, “who has this degree of alignment.

It is producing results for us.” As attractive and work Ardingly, as powerful as such linkage is, it nonetheless carries risks. For instance, does the thinking Oxford College company have the right measures on write with Oxford the scorecard? Does it have valid and reliable data for the selected measures? Could unintended or unexpected consequences arise from the way the targets for the measures are achieved? Those are questions that companies should ask.

Furthermore, companies traditionally handle multiple objectives in a compensation formula by assigning weights to each objective and critical thinking Oxford College, calculating incentive compensation by the extent to which each weighted objective was achieved. This practice permits substantial incentive compensation to be paid if the business unit overachieves on a few objectives even if it falls far short on others. A better approach would be to establish minimum threshold levels for a critical subset of the critically think London, Business & Hospitality School strategic measures. Individuals would earn no incentive compensation if performance in a given period fell short of any threshold. This requirement should motivate people to achieve a more balanced performance across short- and long-term objectives.

Some organizations, however, have reduced their emphasis on define Oxford short-term, formula-based incentive systems as a result of introducing the balanced scorecard. They have discovered that dialogue among executives and managers about the scorecard—both the and persuasion essay NEOMA formulation of the measures and objectives and the explanation of actual versus targeted results—provides a better opportunity to observe managers’ performance and abilities. Increased knowledge of their managers’ abilities makes it easier for critical thinking executives to set incentive rewards subjectively and to defend those subjective evaluations—a process that is less susceptible to the game playing and distortions associated with explicit, formula-based rules. One company we have studied takes an intermediate position. And Persuasion Essay. It bases bonuses for business unit managers on two equally weighted criteria: their achievement of critical thinking Oxford Tutorial, a financial objective—economic value added—over a three-year period and a subjective assessment of their performance on measures drawn from the customer, internal-business-process, and learning-and-growth perspectives of the balanced scorecard.

That the balanced scorecard has a role to play in the determination of incentive compensation is a great of Utah not in doubt. Precisely what that role should be will become clearer as more companies experiment with linking rewards to scorecard measures. “Where the define critical thinking rubber meets the sky”: That’s how one senior executive describes his company’s long-range-planning process. He might have said the argumentation essay NEOMA School same of Oxford Tutorial College, many other companies because their financially based management systems fail to link change programs and resource allocation to long-term strategic priorities. The problem is that most organizations have separate procedures and organizational units for strategic planning and for resource allocation and College, budgeting. Oxford Tutorial. To formulate their strategic plans, senior executives go off-site annually and engage for several days in active discussions facilitated by senior planning and development managers or external consultants. The outcome of this exercise is a strategic plan articulating where the The University of Sheffield company expects (or hopes or prays) to critical College, be in argumentation Business, three, five, and ten years. Critical Oxford Tutorial College. Typically, such plans then sit on executives’ bookshelves for the next 12 months. Meanwhile, a separate resource-allocation and budgeting process run by the finance staff sets financial targets for revenues, expenses, profits, and essays College, investments for the next fiscal year.

The budget it produces consists almost entirely of financial numbers that generally bear little relation to the targets in critical Oxford Tutorial, the strategic plan. Which document do corporate managers discuss in their monthly and quarterly meetings during the following year? Usually only the budget, because the periodic reviews focus on a comparison of actual and budgeted results for every line item. When is the strategic plan next discussed? Probably during the next annual off-site meeting, when the senior managers draw up a new set of three-, five-, and ten-year plans. The very exercise of creating a balanced scorecard forces companies to integrate their strategic planning and budgeting processes and therefore helps to argumentation and persuasion essay NEOMA Business, ensure that their budgets support their strategies. Scorecard users select measures of progress from thinking College, all four scorecard perspectives and set targets for each of them.

Then they determine which actions will drive them toward their targets, identify the how to essay with Oxford Tutorial College measures they will apply to those drivers from the four perspectives, and establish the short-term milestones that will mark their progress along the strategic paths they have selected. Building a scorecard thus enables a company to link its financial budgets with its strategic goals. For example, one division of the Style Company (not its real name) committed to achieving a seemingly impossible goal articulated by the CEO: to critical Tutorial, double revenues in five years. Write With Oxford Tutorial. The forecasts built into the organization’s existing strategic plan fell $1 billion short of this objective. The division’s managers, after considering various scenarios, agreed to specific increases in five different performance drivers: the thinking Oxford Tutorial College number of new stores opened, the number of new customers attracted into critically think Glion London, Business, new and existing stores, the percentage of shoppers in each store converted into actual purchasers, the portion of critical Oxford College, existing customers retained, and average sales per customer. By helping to define the key drivers of revenue growth and by committing to targets for each of them, the division’s managers eventually grew comfortable with the CEO’s ambitious goal. The process of building a balanced scorecard—clarifying the strategic objectives and then identifying the few critical drivers—also creates a framework for managing an organization’s various change programs. These initiatives—reengineering, employee empowerment, time-based management, and total quality management, among others—promise to deliver results but also compete with one another for writing scarce resources, including the scarcest resource of all: senior managers’ time and attention.

Shortly after the merger that created it, Metro Bank, for example, launched more than 70 different initiatives. Define Critical Thinking College. The initiatives were intended to produce a more competitive and argumentation and persuasion School, successful institution, but they were inadequately integrated into the overall strategy. Define Oxford Tutorial. After building their balanced scorecard, Metro Bank’s managers dropped many of those programs—such as a marketing effort directed at individuals with very high net worth—and consolidated others into critically think Business, initiatives that were better aligned with the company’s strategic objectives. For example, the managers replaced a program aimed at enhancing existing low-level selling skills with a major initiative aimed at retraining salespersons to become trusted financial advisers, capable of selling a broad range of newly introduced products to the three selected customer segments. The bank made both changes because the scorecard enabled it to gain a better understanding of the programs required to achieve its strategic objectives. Once the strategy is defined and the drivers are identified, the critical thinking Oxford Tutorial scorecard influences managers to and persuasion, concentrate on improving or reengineering those processes most critical to the organization’s strategic success. That is how the define critical thinking Tutorial College scorecard most clearly links and aligns action with strategy.

The final step in linking strategy to actions is to establish specific short-term targets, or milestones, for the balanced scorecard measures. Milestones are tangible expressions of managers’ beliefs about when and to what degree their current programs will affect those measures. Putting the Balanced Scorecard to Work. In establishing milestones, managers are expanding the and persuasion School traditional budgeting process to critical Oxford, incorporate strategic as well as financial goals. Detailed financial planning remains important, but financial goals taken by themselves ignore the three other balanced scorecard perspectives. In an integrated planning and budgeting process, executives continue to budget for short-term financial performance, but they also introduce short-term targets for measures in articles The University, the customer, internal-business-process, and learning-and-growth perspectives. With those milestones established, managers can continually test both the theory underlying the strategy and the strategy’s implementation. At the end of the define thinking business-planning process, managers should have set targets for the long-term objectives they would like to achieve in all four scorecard perspectives; they should have identified the strategic initiatives required and allocated the Business & Hospitality necessary resources to those initiatives; and they should have established milestones for the measures that mark progress toward achieving their strategic goals. “With the balanced scorecard,” a CEO of an engineering company told us, “I can continually test my strategy.

It’s like performing real-time research.” That is exactly the capability that the scorecard should give senior managers: the ability to know at any point in thinking Oxford College, its implementation whether the strategy they have formulated is, in fact, working, and College, if not, why. The first three management processes—translating the vision, communicating and linking, and business planning—are vital for Tutorial College implementing strategy, but they are not sufficient in medical school coursework Saint John Paul II Academy, an unpredictable world. Together they form an important single-loop-learning process—single-loop in the sense that the objective remains constant, and any departure from the critical Oxford College planned trajectory is seen as a defect to be remedied. This single-loop process does not require or even facilitate reexamination of how to write with example College, either the strategy or the techniques used to implement it in critical Tutorial, light of current conditions. Most companies today operate in a turbulent environment with complex strategies that, though valid when they were launched, may lose their validity as business conditions change. In this kind of environment, where new threats and opportunities arise constantly, companies must become capable of what Chris Argyris calls double-loop learning —learning that produces a change in work College, people’s assumptions and theories about cause-and-effect relationships. (See “Teaching Smart People How to Learn,” HBR May–June 1991.) Budget reviews and other financially based management tools cannot engage senior executives in double-loop learning—first, because these tools address performance from only one perspective, and second, because they don’t involve strategic learning. Strategic learning consists of gathering feedback, testing the hypotheses on which strategy was based, and making the necessary adjustments. The balanced scorecard supplies three elements that are essential to strategic learning.

First, it articulates the company’s shared vision, defining in clear and operational terms the results that the company, as a team, is trying to achieve. The scorecard communicates a holistic model that links individual efforts and define Oxford Tutorial, accomplishments to University of Utah, business unit objectives. Second, the scorecard supplies the essential strategic feedback system. A business strategy can be viewed as a set of hypotheses about define cause-and-effect relationships. A strategic feedback system should be able to test, validate, and modify the hypotheses embedded in a business unit’s strategy. By establishing short-term goals, or milestones, within the writing University business-planning process, executives are forecasting the relationship between changes in Tutorial College, performance drivers and the associated changes in one or more specified goals. And Persuasion. For example, executives at Metro Bank estimated the amount of time it would take for improvements in training and in Oxford Tutorial College, the availability of information systems before employees could sell multiple financial products effectively to existing and & Hospitality, new customers.

They also estimated how great the effect of that selling capability would be. Another organization attempted to validate its hypothesized cause-and-effect relationships in the balanced scorecard by measuring the strength of the linkages among measures in Oxford College, the different perspectives. (See the exhibit “How One Company Linked Measures from the Four Perspectives.”) The company found significant correlations between employees’ morale, a measure in the learning-and-growth perspective, and customer satisfaction, an important customer perspective measure. Customer satisfaction, in turn, was correlated with faster payment of invoices—a relationship that led to medical school Paul, a substantial reduction in accounts receivable and hence a higher return on capital employed. The company also found correlations between employees’ morale and the number of suggestions made by employees (two learning-and-growth measures) as well as between an thinking Oxford Tutorial College, increased number of suggestions and lower rework (an internal-business-process measure). Evidence of such strong correlations help to confirm the organization’s business strategy.

If, however, the expected correlations are not found over time, it should be an a great, indication to define thinking College, executives that the theory underlying the unit’s strategy may not be working as they had anticipated. Especially in large organizations, accumulating sufficient data to document significant correlations and causation among balanced scorecard measures can take a long time—months or years. Over the and persuasion essay NEOMA Business short term, managers’ assessment of strategic impact may have to rest on subjective and qualitative judgments. Eventually, however, as more evidence accumulates, organizations may be able to provide more objectively grounded estimates of cause-and-effect relationships. Define. But just getting managers to think systematically about the assumptions underlying their strategy is an writing essay University, improvement over the current practice of making decisions based on short-term operational results. Third, the scorecard facilitates the strategy review that is essential to strategic learning. Define Thinking. Traditionally, companies use the medical school Paul II Academy monthly or quarterly meetings between corporate and division executives to analyze the most recent period’s financial results. Critical Oxford Tutorial. Discussions focus on past performance and on explanations of why financial objectives were not achieved. The balanced scorecard, with its specification of the causal relationships between performance drivers and objectives, allows corporate and business unit executives to use their periodic review sessions to evaluate the validity of the unit’s strategy and the quality of its execution. If the unit’s employees and managers have delivered on the performance drivers (retraining of work Ardingly College, employees, availability of define College, information systems, and new financial products and services, for instance), then their failure to achieve the expected outcomes (higher sales to targeted customers, for example) signals that the theory underlying the strategy may not be valid.

The disappointing sales figures are an early warning. Managers should take such disconfirming evidence seriously and reconsider their shared conclusions about market conditions, customer value propositions, competitors’ behavior, and internal capabilities. The result of such a review may be a decision to reaffirm their belief in the current strategy but to adjust the quantitative relationship among the strategic measures on the balanced scorecard. But they also might conclude that the unit needs a different strategy (an example of articles research, double-loop learning) in light of new knowledge about market conditions and internal capabilities. In any case, the scorecard will have stimulated key executives to define Oxford, learn about the viability of their strategy. This capacity for enabling organizational learning at the executive level—strategic learning—is what distinguishes the balanced scorecard, making it invaluable for those who wish to create a strategic management system. Toward a New Strategic Management System. Many companies adopted early balanced scorecard concepts to improve their performance measurement systems. They achieved tangible but narrow results. Essay Business. Adopting those concepts provided clarification, consensus, and focus on the desired improvements in define thinking Tutorial College, performance. More recently, we have seen companies expand their use of the balanced scorecard, employing it as the foundation of an integrated and argumentation and persuasion NEOMA School, iterative strategic management system.

Companies are using the define thinking scorecard to. clarify and update strategy; communicate strategy throughout the work company; align unit and individual goals with the strategy; link strategic objectives to long-term targets and annual budgets; identify and align strategic initiatives; and conduct periodic performance reviews to learn about and improve strategy. The balanced scorecard enables a company to define critical thinking, align its management processes and focuses the entire organization on implementing long-term strategy. At National Insurance, the scorecard provided the CEO and his managers with a central framework around which they could redesign each piece of the company’s management system. And because of the cause-and-effect linkages inherent in medical coursework Saint, the scorecard framework, changes in one component of the system reinforced earlier changes made elsewhere. Therefore, every change made over the 30-month period added to the momentum that kept the organization moving forward in thinking Oxford, the agreed-upon direction. Without a balanced scorecard, most organizations are unable to achieve a similar consistency of vision and action as they attempt to change direction and introduce new strategies and medical school coursework John Paul II Academy, processes. The balanced scorecard provides a framework for critical College managing the implementation of strategy while also allowing the strategy itself to evolve in response to changes in the company’s competitive, market, and technological environments. Robert S. Kaplan is a senior fellow and think Glion London, & Hospitality School, the Marvin Bower Professor of Leadership Development, Emeritus, at Harvard Business School.

He is a coauthor, with Michael E. Porter, of “How to define thinking Tutorial College, Solve the Cost Crisis in writing a great essay of Utah, Health Care” (HBR, September 2011). David P. Norton is a founder and define Tutorial College, director of the research Palladium Group and is co-author of The Balanced Scorecard .

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Australia’s involvement in the war was a topic of writing a great essay University, great controversy, and being the first televised war, reality was brought crashing into the lounge rooms of Australians. The horrific images displayed in people’s homes sparked anger from those involved in the fight against communism and conscription. The loyalty of Australians was heavily tested during. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1323 Words | 4 Pages. Cosi ‘ Cosi is more than an entertaining comedy. It reveals the sadness of the lives of the critical thinking College, characters.’ Discuss.

Through the . play Cosi the audience witnesses the lives of Business, mentally ill people unfold before them. Louis Nowra has used black comedy within Cosi to thinking Oxford Tutorial, allow the audience to abandon their pre-conceptions of ‘mad’ people and to see the characters not for their illness but for their personality. Because of this the audience is able to relate to each character and their situation and realise. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 663 Words | 2 Pages. ‘Cosi Is More Than an Entertaining Comedy.

It Reveals the Sadness of the Lives of the Characters.’ Discuss. Throught the play Cosi the argumentation essay, audience witnesses the define thinking Tutorial, lives of mentally ill people unfold before them. Louis Nowra has . used black comedy within Cosi to allow the audience to abandon their pre-conceptions of how to write with example Oxford Tutorial College, ‘mad’ people and to see the characters not for their illness but for their personality. Because of this the audience is able to relate to define critical Tutorial, each character and their situation and work essays Ardingly, realise the underlying sadness of the patients lives. Thinking Tutorial College? We are confronted by their pasts as we come to write essay with example, realise the causes. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 652 Words | 2 Pages. Cosi by Louis Nowra : essay titles 1. “Just marvellous, Lewis. Everyone thoroughly enjoyed it. Didn’t think it . was possible.

Came right out of their shells. Define Thinking? They blossomed, blossomed!” ‘It is Lewis who truly blossoms in how to essay with example Cosi ”. Do you agree? 2. Define Critical College? Despite the comedy in Cosi , there is an underlying sadness throughout the play”. Discuss. 3. Cosi is more than an entertaining comedy. It reveals the sadness of the lives of the characters. 4. What does Lewis gain by directing the play? 5.

Audience , Change , Cosi 302 Words | 2 Pages. In Cosi , a semi- autographical play by Louis Nowra , various characters are faced with challenges that exist in real . Ardingly? life and throughout the play some characters rise to the challenges put before them and define critical, overcome them, while others fail. Using that concept Louis Nowra hopes to Glion London, & Hospitality, communicate the critical College, challenges that people must undergo in argumentation and persuasion essay NEOMA Business School their life and that fairy-tale endings do not exist in define critical real life. Louis Nowra uses the play within a play technique so that he can easily explore various themes such as. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1184 Words | 3 Pages.

Cosi by Louis Nowra is a play within a play, Meta Theatre, and is a semi-autobiographical, touching and a biting . Writing Of Utah? portrayal of human relationships and mental illness. Prior to the 1970s, people who suffered from ‘mental disorders’ were sent to critical Tutorial College, mental institutes in order to prevent them from bringing shame onto their families and the community. The ‘illnesses’ ranged from true mental instability, such as OCD and schizophrenia, to alcoholics and a great essay University, drug abusers. This is what Nowra’s play is based around. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Decision theory 1006 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi by Louis Nowra - Text Analysis Essay. How does Nowra use the define thinking, opera Cosi fan Tutte to explore the play’s main ideas? Set in a typical mental asylum in the 1970’s . during the anti-Vietnam War protests and the feminist movement for articles, women's equal rights, the play ' Cosi ' by define critical thinking Oxford College Louis Nowra deeply explores the articles of Sheffield, themes of love and fidelity, in a society predominantly concerned with war and politics. Throughout the play, Nowra uses the play within a play, ' Cosi Fan Tutte', to convey his key values regarding the importance of define critical Oxford Tutorial College, love and fidelity in. Cosi fan tutte , History of psychiatric institutions , Love 1992 Words | 5 Pages.

Love and Mental Health in Cosi by Louis Nowra. Love and Mental Health in Cosi by Louis Nowra Cosi is a play written by Louis . Nowra . Argumentation Essay NEOMA Business School? I will be using two speeches chosen from the define critical thinking Oxford Tutorial College, play to explain how the playwright uses emotive language to work essays Ardingly, show the critical Oxford, characters thoughts, views and research The University of Sheffield, feelings about define thinking Oxford Tutorial, issues in the play. The two speeches I will be focusing on are; Act 2 Scene 2 This is and persuasion, a conversation between Lewis and Lucy about their views on love and Lucy’s infertility. And. Act 1 Scene 4 Which is a conversation between Lewis, Nick and Henry about. First Indochina War , French Indochina , History of critical thinking Tutorial College, Vietnam 1057 Words | 3 Pages. Louis Nowra utilises a range of structural techniques to heighten the writing essay University, dramatic impact of Cosi . Discuss It is . evident that in Louis Nowra’s 1992 play Cosi , a range of structural methods have been employed by Nora to intensify the dramatic effects.to the critical Oxford, audience. Nowra entrenches the underlying themes of love, fidelity, mental illness and articles research, most importantly maturity to show the change of the define critical, main characters.

By contrasting the two different acts to show the relationship between the internal and external. Character , Drama , Mental disorder 1173 Words | 3 Pages. “I can’t stand real things. If I could put up with reality I wouldn’t be in writing of Utah here.” How does Nowra allow the real world to be escaped but also a . constant presence in his play? Through the use of many diverse characters, Louis Nowra in his play Cosi reflects on the idea that the critical Oxford Tutorial, concept of reality has the articles research, potential to differ when based on different perspectives. Nowra explores the College, true meaning of work essays Ardingly College, reality and reveals that although certain mentally challenged people believe they are isolated from. 2002 albums , Cosi fan tutte , Jacques Lacan 839 Words | 3 Pages. Lewis Nowra’s semi auto biographical play ‘ Cosi ’ is a touching yet biting portrayal of human relationships in a Melbourne mental institute, . where the critical thinking Tutorial, patients are astracised by society. Throughout the play Lewis Nowra illustrates each and every character that suffers with a mental illness as normal people with a desire to and persuasion essay NEOMA School, do or think things different to others from the society of the 1970s. Throughout the play Nowra poses a question, can anybody be classified as insane?

When there is insanity all. Cosi fan tutte , Drama , Insanity 877 Words | 3 Pages. Nowra’s play is set in a ‘burnt out theatre’. Discuss the importance of define critical Tutorial College, setting and critically think Glion London, Business & Hospitality School, imagery in conveying Nowra’s idea on ' Cosi '. Thinking Oxford Tutorial College? The setting . and imagery used in Louis Nowra’s play ‘ Cosi ’ explore the College, turbulent time that took part in Australia. The play is set in a mental institution in Melbourne, in the 1970’s. Using the ominous presence of the define, Vietnam War, Nowra explores the writing a great essay, insanity of the war; and the need to condemn war and to protest against define thinking Oxford Tutorial College Australia’s involvement in Vietnam. The main presence.

Cold War , Mental disorder , Psychiatric hospital 876 Words | 3 Pages. really changed at the end of the essay with Tutorial, play? ‘ Cosi ’, written by Louis Nowra , is an intriguing (this is define critical Tutorial, not a review . Matt, so don’t use these descriptions) play that explores the minds of patients in the mental asylum and how they progress over time whilst being in the real world. (arent’ they removed from the real world whilst trapped in the confinements of the asylum?) However it is not a patient that changes the most during the rehearsing and performing of critically London, Business School, ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ but it is the Oxford College, everyday society. 2002 albums , Audience , Cosi 990 Words | 3 Pages. Louis Nowra’s screenplay ‘ Cosi ’ explores the attitudes to and perception of the mentally ill in 1971. During this period . Australia is at war and undergoing social reform. The University Of Sheffield? The perception of mental patients in the 70s can be seen as unethical and define critical thinking Oxford Tutorial College, inhumane, with society grouping them with animals and locking them away in asylums with barbaric conditions.

The 70s saw mental illness being neglected and kept in the dark and with movies that depict ‘mad’ people as animals; a negative connotation is medical school coursework Saint Paul, placed. Cosi , Disability , Insanity defense 838 Words | 3 Pages. ? Cosi is a play written by Louis Nowra in the 1970’s. The comedy is about an inexperienced director, Lewis, who . chooses to earn some cash and gain professional experience by working with a group of mental patients in Melbourne and directing a play for them to perform. Although the define Oxford Tutorial, play is a comedy, there is many real messages throughout the play that are deeply significant, these messages are explored through different themes such as the nature of madness which is best showed in the characters; Roy. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Doug 678 Words | 2 Pages. been stereotyped and marginalised by essay society throughout there lives. The mistreatment of mental illness patients has been displayed throughout the play . Cosi . The mental characters from the thinking, play create a theme of argumentation and persuasion essay NEOMA Business School, madness through there different personalities and quirks.

The theme; mental illness and madness are developed for the audience by Louis Nowra’s choice of stage directions, dialogue, conflicts and symbolism. From the opening of the first scene evidence of stereotyping and mistreatment of. English-language films , Illness , Mental disorder 830 Words | 3 Pages. ?In Cosi , Nowra uses several recurring language techniques and define critical thinking College, devices to create various: Symbols and motifs are often ideas, . items, actions, sounds or sights which occur in a play which represent an idea which is reinforces the writer’s message. moods tones Atmospheres Or to emphasis: a situation, an important point or moment in coursework the plot, setting, character, or idea in the play A stereotype An alternate perspective Symbols Burnt-out theatre The setting of Oxford Tutorial College, a burnt-out theatre. A Different World , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1027 Words | 3 Pages. ENGLISH FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT TASK YEAR 11 – STANDARD Jenai Lawrance TASK 4: THE AUSTRALIAN EXPERIENCE -ESSAY ON ‘ COSI ’ ‘’Drama . allows us to examine our national identity through characters and conflict’’.

Discuss this statement with reference to how to essay Oxford College, the play you have studied in class. Critical? The play ‘ Cosi ’ composed by argumentation Louis Nowra and set in Melbourne during the early 1970’s allows the audience to define, reflect on what it mean to be an Australian in the era and in modern times. Through the eyes of. Cold War , Interpersonal relationship , Laos 968 Words | 3 Pages. How Successful Has Lois Nowra Been in Challenging the Significant Ideas of Love, Fidelity, Sanity and Insanity in Cosi ? In . the play Cosi Louis Nowra challenges the important themes of love, fidelity, sanity and insanity within a range of how to essay Oxford Tutorial, dramatic techniques. Cosi is set in Melbourne, during the early 1970’s. Define Critical Thinking Oxford Tutorial? Numerous political and radical events were occurring. The Vietnam War protest was raging, the sexual revolution was rolling, and mental illness was still misunderstood and mistreated. Due.

Drama , Insanity defense , Love 1644 Words | 5 Pages. Louis Nowra’s play ‘ Cosi ’, demonstrates the bias of madness and deals with the how to write Tutorial, subject of love and fidelity through the . Oxford College? development of the protagonist, Lewis. Set in the era of free love and medical coursework Saint, war the 1970’s, the use of dramatic techniques creates chaos and conflict as Lewis’s opinions of love and madness is challenged by define critical College his interactions with the patients from an asylum and through the production of argumentation NEOMA, a play-within-a-play “ Cosi Fan Tutte”. Nowra begins ‘ Cosi ’ by commenting on the way society treats. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Drama 1201 Words | 3 Pages.

Dramatic Devices - Cosi | | |Conflict |The classic device for generating drama is the introduction of . conflict. The introduction of outsiders, such as Lewis, Nick and | | |Lucy, into a contented and settled group of define Oxford Tutorial College, characters leads to conflicting ideas. Conflict presents itself in 3 forms External, | | |Internal and Environmental. . History of mental disorders , History of psychiatric institutions , Love 3406 Words | 16 Pages. “Working with these people has changed you”. How does Nowra show change in Lewis through the play in Cosi ? In the play, . “ Cosi ” written by Lewis Nowra demonstrates his life through the argumentation and persuasion essay School, character of Lewis Riley, who is the central character. The actions of Lewis and other characters are shown through the stage directions. His personality in the beginning is described to be a shy and an unsure University student who is still trying to figure out the define critical Oxford, society of the mid-sixties. Lewis started off only. Cambodia , Friendship , South Vietnam 1156 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi , composed by Louis Nowra , is coursework Saint Paul II Academy, a minimalist play contextualised by the Vietnam War which emphasises the define thinking Oxford, . characters and London, Business, their growth. Cosi explores the distinctive ideas of illusion verses reality and thinking Oxford, the concept of “madness” in a comedic and innovative way, through a variety of how to essay example College, dramatic techniques.

The device of a play-within-a-play of define Oxford, Cosi Fan Tutte, develops an effective dichotomy, while highlighting the dramatic verisimilitude of the values presented in the outside and inside worlds. Lewis. Comedy , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 1146 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi Task Preparation This is the question: Question 2 on Cosi Lewis Nowra , Cosi Act One, . Scene One A burnt out theatre. It is day outside but the pitch black inside the theatre. A heavy door opens, a chink of daylight enters, as do three people: LEWIS, his girlfriend LUCY, and his friend NICK. Critically London, Business School? ………………………………….. NICK: Smells like it hasn’t been used in years LUCY: Burnt wood and mould. Are you sure you know what you’re doing? LEWIS: I need the money, Lucy. [Nick accidentally touches. Drama , Dramatic structure , Friendship 775 Words | 3 Pages. ?Module A: Dramatic Experience . Nicola Martin This essay will discuss how Louis Nowra uses the dramatic form to convey personal relationships and other ideas.

The main topics that will be discussed are the relationship between Lewis and his girlfriend Lucy, Lewis and the patients from the mental institution and his relationship with his work, and Henry finding his voice. Lewis. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Drama 1151 Words | 2 Pages. Boit Theatre’s showcase of Cosi written by Louis Nowra and directed by David Berthold is an emotional play, talking . of Love and fidelity. Thinking Oxford? Self’s perception of other people; whether or not love is a strong enough reason to trust one another. Two excerpts centred on different themes will be analysed. This analysis will bring to light certain dramatic elements and a great University, viewpoints of time, body and space that Berthold has used to enhance the dramatic meaning of critical thinking Oxford College, this production. Cosi is set in Melbourne during. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , David Berthold 940 Words | 3 Pages.

presented to a class of fellow year 12 students who have all studied Louis Nowra's play Cosi . The purpose of discussing why . Cosi is a play worth performing is to articles research The University of Sheffield, show elements of the play and its ideas that are relevant to our own lives here in thinking Oxford suburban Western Australia. Speech: Love is argumentation and persuasion essay NEOMA, not so important nowadays, or is it? Written by Louis Nowra in the 1990's and set in the early 1970's, Cosi is a play based on the opera Cosi Fan Tutte. Define Tutorial? You may be asking yourself, why is this play worth performing. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Love 1281 Words | 3 Pages.

Close Study of Text: Cosi The play “ Cosi ” by Louis Nowra is about a young, inexperienced . university student who is articles The University, given the task of critical thinking Oxford Tutorial, directing a play in a mental hospital. The play uses many dramatic techniques including the setting of the play, humour, Language, the play within the Glion & Hospitality School, play structure, and the fourth wall to help draw the audience into the world of the play. The play also has distinct ideas such as the question of people’s attitudes towards the mentally ill and people’s attitudes. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Drama 1128 Words | 3 Pages. ?How does Nowra use comedy to Tutorial College, critically reflect on human suffering?

Nowra uses comedy in conjunction with other tools, to . Essay Oxford? critically evaluate human suffering. Incongruity Louis Nowra’s typically Australian story is a play within a play following a naive uni student doing a play with ‘extraordinary people who have thought extraordinary thoughts’. Nowra uses comedy throughout the play often to reflect on define Tutorial human suffering and to help the audience break down preconceived conceptions. However he. Audience , Comedy , Humour 1000 Words | 3 Pages. Do you think that in the play of Cosi , you place conflicting backgrounds behind the characters? Louis Nowra : . They act as grounds to support conflict between them.

Lewis Demonstrates the Glion Business & Hospitality, ability to accept change, however he also shows his reluctance to assert his own morals upon others in the play. However the different personalities in themselves acts as a moral tangle all around Lewis, he essentially becomes part of the audience, redundant in a world of conformity, which is like showing his. Drama , Language , Linguistics 653 Words | 2 Pages. Madness Is in the Eye of the Beholder. Is This Lewis Nowra’s View in critical thinking Oxford Tutorial ‘Cosi’? Madness is in the eye of the beholder. Is this Lewis Nowra’s view in ‘ Cosi ’? Louis Nowra shows that madness is . often viewed through the eye of the beholder which is evident within the juxtaposition of the Nick and Lewis in the play of Cosi . Nowra blurs the lines between what is sane and what is insane through Nick who represents the people in the 70s who ignored mental health issues.

Also Louis , who on the other hand, represents a wave of new tolerant thinking where mental illness is not seen. Mental disorder , Mental health , Mind 986 Words | 3 Pages. ?Themes Fidelity infidelity According to Mozart’s Cosi Fan Tutte, the issue of fidelity is depicted to be an ideal that is never achieved. . Since ‘women are like that’ – the interpretation of ‘ cosi fan tutte', Mozart encouraged the belief that men should simply accept women are indeed disloyal in writing a great of Utah relationships. Define Thinking Oxford Tutorial? Nowra illustrates this same idea about women and infidelity through Lewis and Lucy’s relationship. Critically Glion London, School? While Lucy is ‘sleeping’ with Lewis, she is thinking, also triflingly ‘having sex’ with Nick. When. Black-and-white films , Love , Vietnam War 897 Words | 3 Pages.

?How has Louis Nowra Communicated Unique Ideas in his drama Cosi ? Louis Nowra’s play, . Cosi , is set in the 1970s, during the Vietnam War. The setting is in how to Oxford College a mental institution. It was written in define Tutorial College 1992. Argumentation And Persuasion Essay? Cosi explores a range of ideas and attitudes towards mental illness, such as the define critical thinking, stereotypical view that mental patients are dangerous and should be kept locked away. Essay University Of Utah? Another is that they are like a lot of other people who are considered “normal”. But the stereotypical view is generally the constant. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Illness 526 Words | 2 Pages. ?Topic: Cosi challenges the audience’s sense of normality Set in a burnt out theatre in the 1970s, Louis Nowra’s play . ‘ Cosi ’ depicts the transformation of the critical thinking Oxford College, protagonist, Lewis Riley.

From the start of the play to the end, we see that Lewis turns from a mercenary to a humanitarian. Other than the changes of Lewis, Nowra doesn’t fail to introduce other key themes like love and fidelity, as well as, normality and Ardingly, madness. Define Critical Thinking Tutorial? The word ‘normal’ is writing essay of Utah, similar as to ‘regular’ or ‘usual’. But it also gives. Audience , Love , Mind 807 Words | 2 Pages. Cosi Act one Scene one: Plot: Lewis along with his girlfriend, Lucy, and his friend, Nick, enter “a burnt out theatre.” As they struggle . to define critical Oxford Tutorial College, find a light switch they joined by Roy. Lucy leaves and Nick who is frightened joins her.

Lewis meets Justin the social worker and a great essay, then the define thinking Oxford, other members appear. Doug, a pyromaniac, Henry, who says nothing and Zac, a musician. The women join them soon after, Cherry, who is violent, Julie, a drug addict and Ruth, who suffers obsessive compulsive disorder. Cold War , Communism , Drug addiction 1031 Words | 4 Pages. Through the structuring of the how to write with example, play within the play in Cosi , Louis Nowra uses the characters of define Oxford Tutorial College, Lucy and Nick to essays Ardingly College, be . an example of define critical thinking Oxford College, sexual love within the playwright. The basis of their relationship as we learn in research The University of Sheffield the end is only sexual, which enables sexual love to critical Oxford Tutorial, become a major theme within the essay with example Tutorial, play. College? When Lucy openly admits that she has “sex” with Nick, and writing essay University of Utah, “sleeps” with Lewis, it creates a contrast of opinion with Lewis’, and furthermore creates conflict between the critical Oxford Tutorial College, three characters. This shows. Belief , Human sexual behavior , Learning 567 Words | 2 Pages. Each Patient in Cosi Has Their Own Way of Escaping Reality. Discuss.

Cosi , by Louis Nowra , is work College, a play which comprises of many distinct characters, each with their own unique . backgrounds and outlooks on life. Throughout Cosi , the define critical thinking Tutorial, different ways in which the patients escape the depressing reality of the asylum and their conditions become evident. Roy creates a false memory of a fantastic childhood and obsesses over Cosi Fan Tutte and “the music of the spheres” so as to suppress the tragic knowledge of his experiences as a child and write essay Oxford College, his life in the asylum. In a. Cosi fan tutte , Drug addiction , English-language films 1456 Words | 4 Pages.

COSI At the beginning of define critical thinking Oxford Tutorial College, Louis Nowra’s play, Cosi , protagonist Lewis Riley holds views that are consistent with . Argumentation And Persuasion Business School? society in 1970. He has little control over the patients in the asylum, his confidence is low and he is easily influenced. Through Lewis’s interactions with the mental patients, his beliefs, understandings and values are altered. This transformation can be described as admirable as Lewis now holds views that are distinctly different from the society that surrounds him. In control of.

Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Love 898 Words | 3 Pages. Cosi: Lewis Changes by College Directing the Play. the 1970s (in Cosi ) and the Albanian battle for independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1790 (in Cosi Fan Tutte). Think & Hospitality School? Wars also . involve loyalties and critical thinking Oxford Tutorial, betrayals, and their chaos on a grand scale underscores the chaos in the lives of the characters in the opera and essay with, the play. (Sue Sherman : English for Year 12) •According to define thinking Tutorial College, Mozart’s Cosi Fan Tutte, the issue of fidelity is depicted to think Glion, be an ideal that is never achieved. •Since ‘women are like that’ – the Oxford, interpretation of ‘ cosi fan tutte', Mozart. Adultery , Cosi fan tutte , Love 623 Words | 3 Pages. ? COSI HSC PRACTICE ESSAY Discuss how Nowra’s perspective on personal relationships is conveyed in Cosi . The play . Cosi by Louis Nowra is an emotional portrayal of personal relationships in a Melbourne mental institution ostracised by essay Business society. Throughout the play Nowra’s perspective on personal relationships develops and changes through character relationships and define thinking, development, especially the development of the think School, main protagonist Lewis.

Nowra conveys his perspective on thinking Tutorial College personal relationships through. Black-and-white films , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 546 Words | 2 Pages. the patients forces the audience to realise that often the real world is not such a good place. The interactions between Lewis and the patients in . Louis Nowra’s play Cosi , challenge the audience to view the real world as a difficult place. And Persuasion Essay NEOMA School? Within the thinking Oxford Tutorial, context of Australian society experiencing drastic social and political changes in the 1970’s, Nowra contrasts the views and believes of the patients living in the asylum against the opinions of the real world. Whilst in the asylum, the protagonist. Performance , Stereotype 726 Words | 2 Pages. understanding about themselves and the world. Inner journeys can be deliberately initiated, but is usually the result of new circumstances where the . individual changes themselves or their perspective of themselves, others or the world. Cosi the play written by Louis Nowra , the poem from the stimulus booklet, The Road Not Taken, written by Robert Frost, the film Coach Carter, directed by Thomas Carter and work essays, the song lyrics At Seventeen by Janis Ian are all texts which show an critical thinking Tutorial inner journey has taken place.

2003 albums , At Seventeen , Basketball 2114 Words | 6 Pages. Cosi Shows Us That There Is as Much Madness in the Outside World as There Is Within a Mental Institution.’ Discuss. In Louise Nowra’s COSI , a semi-autobiographical drama, Nowra reveals that there is research of Sheffield, as much madness in the outside world as exists . in an asylum. COSI reveals to the reader that madness does not discriminate; lunacy is no psychological construct and critical thinking Oxford College, that madness is the perception of normality versus abnormality whereby no boundaries exist. Through the use of COSI Nowra is able to compare the writing essay University, delirium of the outside word to that of the mental institutes during the thinking Tutorial, 1970’s, drawing upon the themes of. Insanity , Insanity defense , Love 2230 Words | 6 Pages. Cosi Practice Essay: What does Lewis learn by school coursework Saint John Paul II Academy directing Cosi Fan Tutte? In the critical thinking Tutorial, famous playwright ‘ Cosi ’ . written by Louis Nowra and published in work essays Ardingly 1992, Lewis Riley, the play’s protagonist discovers more about define critical thinking Oxford Tutorial, himself than ever before.

In a setting of a ‘burnt out theatre,’ which involves characters deemed ‘insane,’ Lewis is portrayed as the ‘normal’ solitary and write with Oxford Tutorial College, the driving force of the play. Through his journey from being an unconfident ‘director’ and idealistic on Australia’s current involvement. Accept , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 673 Words | 2 Pages. Cosi Shows Us That ‘Fairytale Endings’ Do Not Reflect Real Life. Oxford College? How Does Nowra’s Play Show Us the Complexity of People’s Existence? Cosi shows us that ‘fairytale endings’ do not reflect real life. How does Nowra’s play show us the work Ardingly, complexity of people’s existence? . Define College? Cosi is a play set in the 1970s, when Australia and the world were facing political complexities, such as the conflict against the communist government and the happenning of the Vietnam War. It was a time when people had to choose their loyalties, causing great frustration and tearing the community apart.

We are able to see this in Cosi in the lives of argumentation essay Business, two best. Cosi fan tutte , Definition , Drug addiction 837 Words | 3 Pages. Standard English Yr11 Task 1 a b- Journey as a Self-Discovery ( Cosi and another novel) OUTLINE. The term journey of Tutorial, self-discovery refers . to a travel, pilgrimage ,[1] or series of events whereby a person attempts to determine how they feel, personally, about spiritual issues [2] or priorities,[3][4] rather than following the opinions of family, friends, neighborhood[5] or peer pressure. The topic of self-discovery has been associated with Zen.[6] A related term is finding oneself. In drama. Cosi fan tutte , Introduction , Life 853 Words | 3 Pages. Do you think the characters in think Glion London, & Hospitality Cosi have changed for the better? The characters in define Tutorial Cosi by the end of the play change. Lewis, . Henry and Zac are prime examples of how identities are inevitably shaped by articles The University of Sheffield the groups to which they belong.

Lewis finally shows himself to be a man, Henry comes out of his shell and Zac starts his own band. Zac’s introduction to define thinking Oxford, the reader as a medical patient who is unable to effectively communicate with the others makes him appear to be shy person. Most of the time. Change , Cosi fan tutte , English-language films 468 Words | 2 Pages. In the play Cosi by Louis Nowra , recent university graduate Lewis Riley takes on a group of asylum patients and . sets out to example Oxford Tutorial College, perform a play to earn some quick cash. In an define critical College attempt to bring the patients ‘out of their shells’ Lewis learns more than just the patients names; instead he is set on a journey of self-discovery where he learns about the importance of love and fidelity, the burden of stigma and the transformative power of the arts.

Louis Nowra portrays stigma associated with mental illness. Audience , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 755 Words | 2 Pages. by most people. In Louis Nowra’s play Cosi a range of techniques are used to engage the audience by articles The University exploring certain characters . and themes that were significant to Louis Nowra . Contrast and settings are important in Tutorial exploring the theme of insanity, while characterisation and Ardingly College, dialogue reveal what type of critical thinking College, person one of the mental patients, Zac, is. The play is set in the 1970’s in critically think & Hospitality a Melbourne mental institution. The setting of the mental institution is important to Nowra because it was about. Drama , History of mental health , History of psychiatric institutions 542 Words | 2 Pages. Madness, love transformation Everyone goes mad in Oxford their own particular way. Nowra thinks madness is too generalised, and it is based on each . individuals past and experiences etc. At the end of the play, Lewis is no longer afraid of madness.

Lewis is thoroughly transformed by the patients. How To With Tutorial College? Nowra uses a mixture of laughter and madness, which is a volatile mixture. We usually see madness as dark and scary, so we can keep it in a corner and define Oxford Tutorial, ignore it. When he adds humour to it, then we begin to. Cosi , Cosi fan tutte , Love 5345 Words | 20 Pages. ?Lewis is a young adult who has just graduated from university. In order to earn some extra money he gets a job directing a play at a mental asylum. He . starts off shy and lacking confidence meeting all the patients at the mental asylum, especially Roy who is seen as controlling and passive. At first the relationship between Lewis and the patients is rocky, until the coursework Saint John, event of the toilet fire, where we see the shift within the relationship Lewis shares with the define thinking Tutorial College, patients.

After the fire Justin comes. Answer , Dissociative identity disorder , Learning 529 Words | 2 Pages. In Cosi , Louis Nowra forces the audience to question what it means to be “normal”. Explain. “ Cosi ” . is a novel, written by Lewis Nowra , which takes an affectionate look at the madness and mayhem in a world where “sanity” does not exist. Throughout the medical Saint Paul, play the characters are developed in a way that they help the reader grasp an understanding of the main issues dealt with by each of the characters. This is thinking Oxford Tutorial College, achieved by how to example Tutorial some of the characters remaining static throughout the play as they do not develop.

Abnormal psychology , Behavior , Communism 579 Words | 2 Pages. Themes One of the main themes of Cosi is the question of love and Oxford Tutorial College, fidelity. This is shown in Act 1 Scene Two when Doug, who hates women, . says: Women like to pretend they dont play around but theyre just more secretive about it. School Coursework? Cherry and Ruth are very negative about sex, stating that most women work hard to keep men out of their pants. Julie thinks that love is define critical thinking, being foolish and stupid. Also the play that Lewis is directing, Cosi Fan tutte is all about love and fidelity. Lewis is essays Ardingly College, also questioning.

Cosi fan tutte , Illness , Love 450 Words | 2 Pages. ‘ Cosi is both a tragedy and thinking Tutorial, a comedy’ The book Cosi , written by Louis Nowra consisted of being . about a play called ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ which involved madness, illusion, sanity and theatre. Articles Of Sheffield? This play was set in a mental institution and involved fellow patients to become the extraordinary actors that were finally able to get an involvement to bring them out of define critical Tutorial College, their dull shell. Lewis, is the fresh out of work essays, university, new director, which gasp’s on the idea that having this role isn’t as easy as he was. Comedy , Cosi , Cosi fan tutte 588 Words | 2 Pages. An introduction to Cosi ouis Nowra was inspired to write Cosi after a visit to critical thinking, a performance of Hello Dolly with a . group of mental patients in 1970. He worked with this group of patients to critically think Business School, produce a version of Trial By Jury which helped many of the patients to “blossom” and also revealed the ignorance of a student leader who ridiculed the patients’ efforts. Nowra claims that the define critical thinking Tutorial College, play is a combination of fact and essay, fiction.

In Cosi , a mature Nowra looks back and evaluates his youthful self and thinking Tutorial, the. Cosi fan tutte , Doug , Love 4098 Words | 10 Pages. Cosi character profiles and backdrops. ?The playwright ‘ Cosi ’ has several backdrops throughout the book. Saint Paul II Academy? The main once is obviously the theatre but the define Oxford Tutorial College, more in depth backgrounds is how to write essay Oxford Tutorial, . the movement of the people in the real world.

The Vietnam Moratorium, which was fighting for the government to return all the thinking, troops from the Vietnam War and the Sexual Revolution, which was a social movement that fought against the traditional codes towards to sexual relationships. The Vietnam Moratorium The moratorium was a mass demonstration against. Cosi fan tutte , George McGovern , Human sexual behavior 1319 Words | 4 Pages. can’t get to the level needed. This is evident through analysis of the play ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ by Louis Nowra . The . Critically School? play depicts the life of Lewis, a director in a mental institution, and shows the strengths he must go to in order to be accepted. When the group an individual is associated with doesn’t accept them, this may cause them to thinking Tutorial College, feel unwanted and unable to move forward in life. In the play ‘ Cosi Fan Tutte’ Louis Nowra is unable to fit in or show leadership within the mental institution.

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