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book report rubrics As a bonus, site members have access to thinking Curtin a banner-ad-free version of the site, with print-friendly pages. Book Report Graphic Organizers. Writing a Book Report (plus a Rubric) Book Report Graphic Organizers Printouts. First, read the book. As you're reading, take notes on persuasive writing Roedean School, key information, such as the names of the main characters, personality quirks of these characters, the setting, key plot twists, important events, and any other things that seem important and that you think you might want to include in of critical thinking University Singapore your book report. The Structure of Your Report : Start your report with an introductory paragraph that states the book's title, the how to a child an essay School, author, and the type of book it is (mystery, fairy tale, science fiction, western, etc.). Then write at least four to five paragraphs that clearly describe the book. Each paragraph should cover one topic (for example, you should have at least one paragraph that describes the main character).

End the report with a closing paragraph that summarizes what you learned from the thinking Curtin Singapore, book and how to teach a child an essay Queen Margaret's if you liked or disliked the book (and why). Check that your grammar, spelling, and University punctuation are correct. Make sure to use complete sentences and write neatly! Define any technical terms that you use. Proofread your report for Roedean School errors before you hand it in -- do not hand in a rough draft. Topics to Include in Your Report : When you write your report, try to cover as many of the following topics as you can: Setting : Describe the setting or settings of the book.

Note where the action takes place and when. Have you ever been to a place like that? Did you like it or not? Would you like to be in a place and time like that described in the book? Main Character : Write about the main character, including what they are like, what they look like, what they like to do, and so on. Does the character change, learn, or grow in the story?

If so, describe how and why this happens. Would you like to be friends with this character? Other Characters : List the concept of critical Curtin Singapore, other characters in the books and give some characteristics for each. Essay College? Which characters did you like/dislike? : State why you liked/disliked certain characters. Did any of the characters do things that you think are wrong, noble, risky, etc?

What happened at the beginning of the story? : How does the concept of critical thinking Curtin Singapore, story start? Usually this is where the characters are introduced to us and the problem is stated. What happened in how to Queen Margaret's School the middle of the story? : This is usually where we find out a lot about the characters and concept University Singapore the story becomes more exciting. How To An Comparison Essay The University Of Nottingham? What happened at the end of the story? : This is usually where the main problem in the book is resolved. Concept Of Critical Curtin? What was the problem in the story and how was it solved? : What was the big problem in how to articles fast University Florida the story, how was it solved, who solved it. and why?

What did you learn from this story? : The best books leave the reader with a lot to of critical think about and learn. Theme/Main Idea : What was the main idea or theme of the book? Some stories have a moral (like Aesop's fables), while others try to teach a life lesson. Do you like this story? : Tell if you liked or disliked this story and why you did or didn't like it. Citing Your References : When you write your bibliography, list all of your references.

Formats for each type of publication follows (there are different formats for different media): Book: Author(s). Title of book . Edition. Location of publisher: Name of paper Roedean, Publisher, year of publication. Thinking? Web Site: Author(s) if appropriate. Title of Site or web page . URL of site, date of publication (the earliest copyright year listed). Author(s) are listed last name first, first name or initials (as cited in Roedean School the publication). Another format for Internet sources is as follows: Last name, First name of author. Concept Of Critical Thinking University Singapore? Title of Page. Name of the writing an informative, publisher (EnchantedLearning.com in our case). Concept Of Critical Thinking University? Date the page was created (at Enchanted Learning, this is the earliest date on the copyright notice located at the bottom of each page), Date of how to The University, revision (at Enchanted Learning, we do not keep track of page revisions). Some teachers also request that you include the date of access; this is the date (or dates) that you went to the web page (or pages).

The Following is a Rubric For Assessing each Part of Your Book Report : Book Reports and Movie Reviews: Movie Review: Write a simple movie review, describing the characters, the story, and what you like the most and the least about the movie. A one-page printable worksheet. Of Critical? Write ten things about how to write an comparison The University of Nottingham a book you've read (plus one thing you would like to change). Of Critical Curtin University? A one-page printable worksheet. Write ten things about a movie (plus one thing you would like to how to write change). Book Impressions: Triple Draw and Write. Draw three of the of critical thinking Curtin University, major characters, scenes, or ideas from a book you have read, and write about each picture.

Or go to a pdf of the worksheet. Story Characters: Draw and Write 3 Things. Draw three of your favorite characters in books or stories and write about each of them.. Or go to a pdf of the an informative, worksheet. TV Characters: Draw and Write 3 Things. Draw three of your favorite characters in in the movies or on TV and write about each of them.. Or go to a pdf of the worksheet. Books: Draw and Write 3 Things. Draw a scene or character from three of your favorite books and write about each of University, them. Write A Good College? Or go to a pdf of the worksheet. Movies: Draw and Write 3 Things.

Draw a scene or character from three of your favorite movies and write about of critical University each of them. Or go to a pdf of the worksheet. Report Graphic Organizers for Book Reports and Movie Reviews: This story map prompts the student to how to write mla essay Windermere School summarize the beginning, middle, and end of a story. Of Critical? This story map prompts the student to summarize the beginning, middle, and end of a story, with two extra cells for how to essay The University of Nottingham each (to list extra details). This story map prompts the student to summarize the place, time, characters, problem, and solution of a story. This story map prompts the of critical thinking Curtin Singapore, student to summarize the title, place, time, characters, problem, solution and moral of a story. This story map chart prompts the student to summarize describe the settting, the writing paper Roedean, characters, the problem, two major events, and the solution.

This story map chart prompts the student to summarize describe the settting, the characters, the problem, three major events, and the solution. This story map diagram prompts the concept of critical thinking Curtin University, student to summarize describe the settting, the characters, the problem, two major events, and the solution. This story map diagram prompts the student to summarize describe the how to write articles University of Central, settting, the characters, the problem, three major events, and the solution. This graphic organizer prompts the student to concept University Singapore write about the characters, setting, and events of a story. This graphic organizer prompts the student to review a book, summarizing the book and writing their opinion about the text. This graphic organizer prompts the student to review a book, summarizing the book and writing their opinion about the text. Make a book report wheel using this 2-page print-out; it consists of a base page together with a wheel that spins around. The student fills out the parts of the book report, including: Genre, Year Published, Setting, Main Character(s), Plot - Beginning, Middle, End, Problem or Conflict, and Message or Moral of Story.

When you spin the wheel, the the parts of the book report appear, one at a time. The student then answers the questions, Did you like this book? Would you recommend this book to a friend? Explain why. Make a reading log wheel for 8 books using this 2-page print-out; it consists of how to write essay The University, a base page together with a wheel that spins around. After putting the wheel together, the student follows the instructions on the front wheel and fills out the reading log for each given genre (type of book), including: Biography, History, Science, Animals, Science Fiction/Fantasy, Fables/Myths, Any Fiction, Any Non-Fiction.

For each of the concept of critical University Singapore, 8 books, the student writes: Title, Author, Number of Pages, Your Rating of the Book, Date Completed. The student then answers the questions, Which book was your favorite book (and why)? Would you recommend this book to a friend? and Which book was your least favorite book (and why)? Print 4 different bookmarks. Each bookmark is a graphic organizer on which the student can write information about the book that is being read. Persuasive Paper Roedean? Print 3 different bookmarks. Concept Of Critical Singapore? Each long bookmark is how to teach to write Margaret's School a graphic organizer on concept of critical, which the student can write information about the book that is being read. This storyboard matrix gives the student cells in which they can illustrate the an informative essay, major events in a story in of critical thinking Curtin Singapore chronological order - 6 cells. This storyboard matrix gives the student cells in which they can illustrate the major events in a story in write essay Brighton College chronological order - 9 cells. This storyboard matrix gives the student cells in which they can illustrate the of critical thinking University Singapore, major events in a story in chronological order - 12 cells.

Story clock with three divisions. Story clock with four divisions. Story clock with five divisions. Story clock with six divisions. A story star is how to articles of Central Florida a type of star diagram that can be used to describe the of critical thinking, key points of a story or event, noting the 5 W's of the story: who, when, where, what, and how to write Windermere School why. Of Critical Curtin University Singapore? 5 labeled petals around a main oval. A chart with 2 columns and 5 rows, labeled: Who, When, Where, What, and Why.

5 labeled options around a central oval. 5 labeled circles around a main oval. Book Impressions: Triple Draw and Write. Draw three of the major characters, scenes, or ideas from a book you have read, and a child to write Margaret's write about each picture. Or go to concept Curtin a pdf of the worksheet.

Books: Draw and how to teach Margaret's Write 3 Things. Draw a scene or character from three of your favorite books and write about each of concept of critical thinking University, them. Or go to a pdf of the worksheet. Diagrams for of Central writing paragraphs with a topic sentence, support details, and a conclusion sentence. Use this form to write a book report, noting the book's name, author, main characters, setting, and plot summary.

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How to Improve Your Essay Writing Quickly: A Step-by-Step Guide. Stephanie Allen read Classics and English at St Hugh’s College, Oxford, and is currently researching a PhD in Early Modern Academic Drama at the University of Fribourg. Whatever your brand of brilliance – whether you’re a physics genius, a sporting hero or (like me) a blinky, bookish type – there comes a point in most students’ academic careers when being good at life means being good at concept thinking Curtin essays. As the writing paper School, subjects you study get more advanced and complex, you’re increasingly asked to think, evaluate, and have opinions where you once might have simply made calculations or learned definitions. In general, the further you progress through your education, the more rote learning will be replaced by the kind of Singapore, analysis usually best demonstrated by essays. If by some miraculous feat you manage to avoid writing anything substantial at high school, it’s something you’ll almost certainly have to face at university – yes, even if you’re studying a science subject (although the paper Roedean, essays won’t usually be quite as long).

One way or another, essay writing comes to us all. In essays, like running, practice makes perfect; but with running the correlation is more obvious. The likelihood is that at some point in thinking Curtin University Singapore the not-too-distant future (unless you are both incredibly reluctant and startlingly resourceful) you will have to write an essay, either in exam conditions or in your own time, that will count towards a final grade in some way. If this is a scary prospect for how to write mla essay Windermere School you, there’s good news and bad news. The bad thing about essay writing is that it’s not something – like French verbs, or the ability to run long distances – that miraculously gets better on Curtin University Singapore its own if you just keep having a go. To improve at essay writing, students often need a paradigm shift: to a good essay Brighton, figure out of critical Curtin University, exactly what isn’t working, and why, and to learn and apply a new way of doing things. The good news, on the other hand, is that the individual skills required to write a strong essay are things you can learn, practise and improve in. This article is all about articles Florida pinpointing what those skills might be, and giving you some suggestions as to how you might develop them. Not all these tips will work for all of you, but being good at essay writing, like being good at any other school-related discipline, is all about Curtin Singapore trying different things, and devising your own way of doing things.

Libraries are purpose-designed for studying. Bedrooms aren’t. Before you even start planning an essay, I’d recommend you sit down and have a quick think about how to Florida how you want to concept thinking Curtin University Singapore, do it. First, what resources will you need? The internet, or library books? This might affect where and how to write an comparison essay The University of Nottingham, how you decide to work: I have wasted a huge amount of time trying to University Singapore, find versions of The University, articles on thinking University Singapore the internet that I knew were in books at the library, or procrastinating because I wanted to work at home rather than leaving the house.

I would recommend taking yourself to how to an comparison The University of Nottingham, a library ninety-nine times out of a hundred. Secondly, if you’re working from books or downloadable articles, can you afford to work somewhere without the internet? The absence of Facebook and Instagram will guarantee your concentration will be about a hundred times better, which will show in of critical the quality of your work. Next, make a little timeline for your essay. Make a list of Roedean School, everything you want to read and concept of critical Singapore, try to get hold of all your material before you start. Think about how long you’re going to spend reading and researching, planning, and writing – leaving a day or two before the deadline to make any significant changes, or just in case things don’t go to plan. I’d recommend allotting 3 hours to read a 20-page article, and about a day to paper School, write 2000 words. This might sound like a silly amount of planning, but the of critical thinking Curtin Singapore, point of it is how to write mla essay School this: hundreds of all-nighters have taught me that essay-writing becomes incredibly stressful and concept thinking Singapore, painful when you’re up against the clock, and a reader can tell immediately if something is how to essay Brighton College rushed or dashed off at 2am on of critical University the day of the deadline. An Informative Essay IMG Academy! What’s more, you simply won’t have your best creative ideas under pressure.

If you’ve got time, have a look at this – comically eighties and Curtin Singapore, slightly cringey – video about creativity. A lot of what the speaker says about thinking and articles fast University Florida, playfulness is, in my opinion, directly applicable to of critical Curtin Singapore, essay-writing. Looking at things other than the how to write Brighton College, set reading list means you won’t be reading all the concept of critical thinking Curtin University, same things as your classmates, leading to a more original and interesting essay. Some teachers set reading lists for how to essay essays, or make suggestions about where students should look for information; others ask you to find sources yourself. Even if your teacher does prescribe reading, it’s always worth seeing whether you can find something extra that will add breadth, depth or a fresh perspective to your argument. However, it’s important to thinking Curtin University, think carefully about whether a source is reliable and valuable. What sort of sources should I use? The most appropriate sources will vary from Windermere subject to of critical thinking Curtin University Singapore, subject.

Here are some common ones: – Academic articles: These are essays by scholars at universities, and usually published in journals or as books. They are always useful, and can be found by looking in the library (ask your teacher for recommendations!), having a poke around Google Scholar, or, if your school has a subscription, on the website JSTOR.org. Search for key words and phrases and see what comes up. – Newspaper articles: might be useful evidence for an essay in History, but may not be detailed or scholarly enough for Biology. Write The University Of Nottingham! If you use a newspaper article or opinion piece, think about the thinking University Singapore, factors that might bias it and how to teach a child Queen School, include your thinking in of critical Curtin your essay!

– Wikipedia: a very useful starting-point, and an increasingly reliable resource. However, avoid referencing it: a teacher or examiner might not like it and may take against your essay. How To! Instead, look at the reference section at the bottom of the article and see where the of critical, writer has gathered their information from. – Online blogs: in Margaret's School general, stay away from of critical University these, as you don’t know who’s written them and how valuable their opinion is, or how reliable their facts. The exceptions are blogs by well-known experts. Make notes of things that seem interesting as well as the things that are strictly relevant.

You want to be sure you answer the question but that interesting comment will often work its way into how to essay Brighton, your essay and you don’t want to waste ages searching for it. It might feel like the thinking Curtin University, world’s greatest faff, but taking good notes from your sources will save you a huge amount of time when you come to how to The University of Nottingham, plan and thinking Curtin University, write your essay: – Type out notes as you read, rather than simply underlining or highlighting – thus you’ll have a summary of the most important chunks of essays ready to use when you plan, rather than having to trawl through whole documents again looking for quotations. – For this reason, if you think you might want to quote something, copy it out in articles fast the exact wording of the writer. – Type notes in a different colour for each new source you read. In order to engage intelligently with what you’ve read, you’ve got to remember who said what, what they meant by it, who they were fighting against and whether you agreed with them or not. Concept Curtin University Singapore! Colours are a really helpful visual aid to doing this.

– At the articles Florida, end of each new essay or article, write a few lines summarising the author’s main points, and whether or not you agree with them. N.B. Of Critical Thinking Curtin Singapore! Your critical engagement with the writing Roedean School, scholars and concept of critical University, authors whose work you’ve read will count for a huge chunk of how to The University of Nottingham, marks. This does not mean listing a load of names and Curtin University Singapore, rehearsing their arguments; nor does it mean disagreeing with everyone for the sake of it. Instead, think about how to write Windermere whether or not what they’re arguing holds true in your experience – or compare them to each other. Decent planning at sea will help you avoid sea monsters. Decent planning in essays will help you avoid irrelevant waffle. Planning is the single most important step in writing a good essay, and, frustratingly, also the step that’s most often rushed or neglected by students. If your essays often get criticised for having poor structure or unclear lines of argument, chances are you need to practise your planning.

I use the following step-by-step process to turn my notes into a good plan; you can try it too, and see if it works for you. 1) Re-read your notes a couple of times, and concept Curtin Singapore, underline anything you think is particularly important, interesting, or relevant to the area of the topic you want to discuss. As far as possible, try and organise your thoughts into writing, sections, and see if you can link ideas together. Tip: It might be that you’ve got two or three different ideas for a topic, and you’re not sure which to go with: in this case, you can use a couple of Curtin, different spider diagrams to see which works best. Where do the writing, ideas link together most easily, or fall together into Curtin Singapore, neat sections?

Which question would you be able to answer most fully? 2) Sit back and look at your diagram(s), perhaps alongside your notes, and work out the how to write fast of Central, main ‘point’ or conclusion you want to concept thinking Curtin Singapore, make in an informative IMG Academy your essay. The best essays are characterised by a clear line of argument throughout – I don’t really buy the idea that essays should present both sides of a question. Concept Curtin University! I always decide what I’m trying to say ; the point I want to conclude with, before I start. Now, the persuasive paper School, job you’ve got in writing the of critical thinking Curtin Singapore, essay is to set this conclusion up. 3) Work backwards, using the links you’ve made on your spider diagram: what do you need to argue or show to make your point?

Jot these ‘points’ down in how to a good essay College a couple of words each. Concept Of Critical Thinking! This forms the essay, beginnings of a skeleton for your essay. 4) Start to fill out your skeleton with information from your notes, and any extra ideas you might have. If you’re writing a literature essay, it’s CRUCIAL that you include some close analysis of passages to support your argument. Jot down the sentences that link these in to the greater structure. 5) Fill out your skeleton more and more, until it’s essentially a rough draft in bullet points. Every twist or nuance of your argument should be in there; every introductory and concluding sentence for concept of critical thinking Singapore every paragraph, making it explicit how this paragraph answers your question. Non-experts can be just as useful as experts for looking over your work; if your essay makes sense to someone who doesn’t know much about the persuasive writing paper Roedean, topic at hand, that’s a good sign. 6) At this point, it’s very helpful if you can get someone (a friend or a parent will do) to read over your plan and see if it makes sense.

Does everything follow? Is it all relevant? Your plan should be so complete that the person who reads it will immediately be able to spot any flaws. Move things around, add or delete to incorporate their criticism: it’s much easier to change something in thinking bullet-point format than when it’s all written out persuasive paper Roedean School, properly. Don’t expect this process to be quick or easy. Curtin University! For a 1500-word essay, I usually write a plan of writing an informative essay, about three sides, and spend at least three hours making sure that before I put pen to paper, every kink in my argument is ironed out. The pay-off of concept, doing it this way is that the writing process is short and easy – a case of how to write College, joining up the dots, polishing bullet-points into concept thinking Curtin Singapore, sentences – much better than coming up with ideas and organising thoughts at the same time as finding the words to express them. Get better and a child Queen Margaret's, better: If you struggle with structure or clarity, practise your planning! Give yourself a limited amount of time (say, two hours), pick three previous essay questions from an exam or coursework paper, and of critical Curtin, plan your answers as thoroughly as possible.

Get your teacher to look over how to write essay College, your plans when you’re done. The ‘actual writing’-bit can be the most daunting and stressful part of the concept of critical thinking University, essay process, and is where most students get stuck. Persuasive Paper Roedean School! Here are some tried-and-tested solutions to concept thinking, common writing problems: Blank pages become much less frightening when they aren’t blank any more. Writing Roedean School! You can polish your style later; now is the time just to get something written. It’s quite common to of critical Curtin University, want your first sentence to be arresting, paradigm-shifting, to propel your reader headlong into your essay.

However, this desire can be paralysing: one of the most stressful feelings in College the world is that of staring at a blank page, thinking about the number of Curtin, words you’ll need to write Brighton, fill it all up. The key to getting started is to just write something . Don’t worry about concept of critical thinking Curtin how good it is – get it down, and move on, and come back and change it when you’re well into your flow. Go back to your plan and make sure you know what you’re arguing. If you still can’t get the words out, try and write down what you want to say as simply as possible. Then move on to an write School easier section of the essay. Alternatively, you can try going for a walk, making a cup of tea or having a break. Sometimes, in concept of critical Curtin University the process of writing, you’ll realise that you entirely disagree with two-days-ago you, and write articles Florida, you don’t really believe in the argument you’re trying to make. If it is the case, go back to the drawing board. Don’t plough on regardless – a lack of conviction will show in your essay. Return to your plan, and see if you can use similar material but change the emphasis, and perhaps the thinking Curtin, odd bit of evidence, to produce a different argument.

Everyone has their own individual writing style: your might be as purple and how to essay The University, flowery, or scientific and direct as you like (within reason). Concept Of Critical Thinking University Singapore! However you write, to get top marks, it’s crucial that you learn to an comparison of Nottingham, be precise . The proverb, “Eggs and of critical thinking Curtin Singapore, oaths are soon broken”, is an writing paper example of zeugma. Style-wise, there are two poles of Curtin University, wrongness: vagueness, and over-complication. Of course, every subject has its particular vocabulary, and learning this will be crucial, and sharpen your analysis; but remember that little words are your friends too! Make sure that you know the exact meaning of each word you use. Crucially, make sure you know exactly what each word you’re using means, and writing paper Roedean, think carefully about of critical Curtin Singapore whether you’re applying it in the right context – remember that whoever is how to to write an essay reading your essay will know better than you the meanings of zeugma, stagflation or symbiosis. Finally, don’t hide behind subject-specific vocabulary: make sure that you’re using terms to Singapore, contribute to and develop your essay, and nothing of the flow is lost. – Get good at conventions like footnoting, and writing bibliographies.

Examiners really do check these! – When you’ve finished, leave the essay for a day or two, and then re-read it. If possible, get someone to proofread for you. Writing Paper Roedean! This way, you’ll avoid making lots of silly mistakes that threaten the clarity and flow of your essay. 25 Responses to “How to Improve Your Essay Writing Quickly: A Step-by-Step Guide” April 11, 2015 at of critical thinking Curtin 5:52 pm, l seales said: This article is how to articles fast Florida extremely helpful in assisting me in identifying the of critical Curtin University Singapore, pit falls of my essay writing. July 01, 2015 at 9:47 pm, Reels said: Very helpful article which aims for how to teach Queen Margaret's School a solid high standard.

September 01, 2015 at 3:31 pm, Seng manith said: I’m really poor in writing,so I need some advice from you. How can I improve it? September 03, 2015 at 9:40 am, ORA Admin said: We hope this helps. November 23, 2015 at 8:06 am, Elham almoula said: Thanks a lot for these important point.. But could you help me how to write a good ambitions essay. November 23, 2015 at 10:22 am, ORA Admin said: Thank you for your comment.

Unfortunately it is difficult for Curtin Singapore us to advise you on your particular essay, but we have a large collection of essay-writing and study skills articles on the ORA website that may be of use to you. Hopefully you can find something that can help you in the following articles: January 28, 2016 at 7:32 pm, Frederick Armoh said: the tips given to us has help us to know how to write good essays. GOD BLESS YOU ALL. February 26, 2016 at persuasive writing School 5:41 am, notabookworm said: I want be a good speaker and amazing writer. I want everyone impressed with me. Concept Of Critical Curtin University Singapore! But, when I’m writing …. How To Write Articles Fast University! blank, lost ideas. When I’m writing a story, I want it turn out as a nice story that makes anyone who reads my story impressed.

I don’t want to make a cliched one . But, as noted, I’m lacking ideas. My teacher tells me that you need to read, to enrich your idea, vocab, grammar and so on. I admit that I’m not a bookworm . I’ve been through all the tips on how to concept Curtin Singapore, improve essays and how to write essay Brighton College, I’ve found your article. It is amazing and extremely helpful for me. Thank you. May 01, 2016 at 9:36 am, Romona said:

Notabookworm, I have a few tips for you. If you’re writing a fantasy story, then just take an everyday object and imagine it into whatever you want it to be. Then you’ll be developing your very own sense of of critical thinking Curtin University, beautiful imagination. March 17, 2016 at 6:11 pm, veer said: Very helpful article could you please advice me how to improve communication skills I want to be come a public speaker please help on that. May 01, 2016 at 9:33 am, Romona said:

What do you do when you’re in a timed test? May 17, 2016 at 12:20 pm, Matt said: I found this extremely helpful when writing. I want to be able to write college level work, and it did work. I have gotten really high grades on essay IMG Academy my essays when I read this. July 05, 2016 at 9:29 am, Mouhcine said: I have improved my grades drastically when I started reading books that speak most to my authentic self. I do not just read on any topics. I select the concept thinking Curtin University, ones of particular interest to me. I find this very helpful in learning how to write better. January 08, 2017 at 1:41 pm, jawed said: hi dear sir/madam.

hope you are fine and doing well. How can I improve my test essy I am realy intresting to improve my test essy beacause some time I faced to this problem please I need to your helpful. February 18, 2017 at 7:06 pm, Temmie said: I think it is too long. February 18, 2017 at 7:09 pm, HAM said: THANK YOU I GOT BETTER. February 18, 2017 at 7:09 pm, You said: February 27, 2017 at 9:51 pm, omega said: May 18, 2017 at 5:40 am, kimsong said:

I want to be good at write essay and Brighton College, best speaker too. February 27, 2017 at concept of critical Curtin Singapore 9:49 pm, omega said: This article helped me more into how I should lay out everything. There’s just one thing that bothers me, where can I find a good way to apply my evidence and follow it up with a warrant? Reply as soon as possible Thanks. June 17, 2017 at 4:36 pm, Sammi said: This article is extreemly helpful, and i have started improving my essay writing skills.

However in timed essays these skills seem to teach a child Margaret's School, go out thinking, of the window. Do you have any advice for timed essays? August 11, 2017 at 10:00 am, David said: The article is really useful. It remains only to writing paper, find strength and of critical University Singapore, get to work. August 24, 2017 at persuasive Roedean School 11:12 pm, mehboob said: i want to chek my essay daily by you..is it possible?

September 14, 2017 at 1:35 pm, younus said: Every ones want to write the essay of course everywhere we should used pas tans defiantly will you done the essay/

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Introduction to Critical Thinking - The Learning Centre - Curtin University

50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in concept of critical thinking Curtin, helping people write essays faster and easier. This type of essay summarizes and evaluates an argument, political situation, social phenomenon, historical event, written text, literary work, movie, or performance. Your job writing a critical analysis paper is to: Summarize : You will use your own words to write articles University of Central explain clearly what happened. If it is an event, you will describe the concept of critical thinking situation, people, and circumstances. If you are dealing with a text or a performance, you will explain the author's thesis, purpose, and articles fast Florida, audience. Your summary is intended to help your audience understand this subject clearly and thoroughly. Analyze: Next, you will explain the meaning of this event, text or performance. You will evaluate what happened and discuss whether it is of critical Curtin University Singapore good, bad or both.

If you are discussing a cultural phenomenon or a current event, you can analyze causes and effects or the importance of that event. For a written text or a performance, you will discuss how well the author conveys his or her intentions to the audience. Is the author convincing? What are the weaknesses? Respond (sometimes): Often, a critical analysis assignment requires you to present the an informative summary and analysis objectively. However, another way of writing this type of essay is to include your own point of concept of critical view. Be sure to check with your instructor about whether they want you to add your own opinion. If you write this paper with your own personal opinion included, it is write School sometimes called a summary, analysis, response essay. Choose a topic from the thinking Curtin Singapore list below that you find interesting. It helps if you already know something about the situation or the different sides of the issue. What you don't know, you will need to research.

If there is a subject you feel strongly about, you will have a better motivation for how to write doing your essay. However, you will need to be careful to do the summary objectively and to be sure to back up your analysis with clear reasoning, evidence, and concept of critical thinking Curtin, argument. 1. Communication differences between men and women . Linguistics professor Deborah Tannen has studied the way in which men and women communicate differently. Read a summary of the arguments from her book, Men and write a good essay Brighton College, Women in concept thinking Curtin University, Conversation . Summarize her argument about the differences between the way men and women communicate. Analyze the effectiveness of persuasive writing School her suggestions about how we can communicate more effectively. 2. Drug use in sports.

Pick a sport which has had some problems with steroid use or other illegal enhancements. Concept Of Critical Thinking University Singapore. Summarize the situation. Analyze what has caused drug use to become an increasing problem. How has this drug use affected the gameplay, the athletes, and/or the fans? 3. Write Fast Of Central Florida. Anti-meth campaign. Of Critical Curtin Singapore. The advertising campaign, The Meth Project, has taken the Say No to Drugs campaigns of the past to new extremes. Analyze the effectiveness of this campaign and/or some of the advertisements. 4. Homelessness. Summarize the situation of the write mla essay School homeless in your community.

What resources are available to concept Curtin help them? Why is homelessness still a problem? You might also want to look at some of the videos on YouTube where homeless people describe their lives. Write Articles Fast Of Central. 5. College football . Summarize the importance of college football for a University. Analyze the effect of football on creating alumni involvement and giving, drawing students to attend the University, and bringing community pride and Curtin Singapore, economic development. You can also discuss the problems that come with having a football program.

6. An Informative Essay IMG Academy. Obesity. Obesity rates are skyrocketing worldwide. See the WHO Statistics on concept thinking Curtin University Singapore Obesity. Summarize the problem. Analyze the consequences of obesity for the individual and society. 7 . How To Write Mla Essay School. Street art and graffiti: Examine the of critical Singapore street art by the British-born graffiti artist who goes by the name Banksy.

You might also want to look at the trailer for his movie about street art, Exit Through the persuasive paper Roedean School Gift Shop , or discuss his new exhibit Dismaland: A Bemusement Park. Concept Of Critical Thinking Curtin. Analyze how his street art scenes are a comment on our society. 8. Write Fast University Florida. Sports on television. High ticket prices combined with technologically enhanced sports broadcasts and widescreen HD televisions which make you feel you are there, many sports fans prefer to of critical thinking Curtin University watch the game at home. Analyze the persuasive writing paper Roedean School differences between watching sports live and on TV. Consider how the Curtin University enhancement of television viewing is changing the sport and how it is played. 9. How To A Child An Essay Margaret's School. Multicultural identity. We all frequently have to check a box identifying our ethnicity.

However, for many people, that choice is not easy because they have more than one racial or ethnic group to choose from. Of Critical Thinking University Singapore. Moreover, many people's appearance don't line up with the racial or cultural group they most identify with. Read The Changing Face of America from National Geographic and look at many of the faces in the article. How To Write An Comparison Essay. Analyze how Americans identify themselves and others by appearances. Why is having a single racial identity so important to Americans? 10. Concept Of Critical Curtin. Body size and modeling: Watch the debate between a thin model and an obese model below.

Summarize the points about women, health and write Windermere, body image. Analyze the arguments for and against of critical Singapore, using women for how to write The University of Nottingham models who are outside of the normal, healthy body size. 11. Multicultural families. Thinking. Adoption and intermarriage between people of different cultures and races has created more families of mixed races and cultures in how to write an comparison essay The University, the United States and other countries. Describe this situation and analyze how adoption and marriage across racial lines affect individuals in those families and of critical University Singapore, the cohesion of the family as a whole. 12. Changing gender roles: The feminist movement fought to secure equal rights for women. How have the roles of men and women changed over the last 40 years? How have they stayed the same?

Analyze the change in gender roles and whether it has been good or bad for relationships and families. How are these changes seen in cultural images? 13. Ethnic music: Many mainstream musicians are using ethnic influences from Africa, Latin America and elsewhere in their work. Teach A Child To Write An Essay Margaret's School. Describe the use of of critical Singapore ethnic music in persuasive Roedean, one or more artists that you know. Analyze how ethnic or folk music has been used by that artist. Concept Of Critical Thinking Curtin University. 14. Latino influences : As the United States Latino population has grown, Latino culture has become more mainstream. Describe some of the cultural examples of that Latino influence and analyze how it is how to write mla essay Windermere changing American culture. 15.

Single parent families: The rise in divorce has created many more families headed, at least for a while, by a single parent. Describe the differences between single parent and dual parent families. Analyze the effects of single parenting on children, on the experience of the parent or on schools and communities. 1. Explain the changes in a character over the course of a novel . Analyze the causes and concept thinking Singapore, significance of those changes (example: Pip or Estella in Great Expectations ). 2. Examine a setting in how to fast University of Central, a novel . Explain it in detail. Analyze the significance of thinking that setting, for instance how that setting either foreshadows what is to come, explains a character in the novel, or provides contrast (example: the setting in how to write fast of Central, Jane Eyre ). 3. Of Critical Curtin University Singapore. Explain the conventions of a particular genre such as the Gothic novel, the Realistic novel or the Romance. Analyze how a particular novel meets or subverts those genre expectations. 4. Find out about the background of an author. Examine one of the author's works and analyze how that author's life influenced what they wrote (example: Katherine Mansfield, Virginia Woolf, or Ernest Hemingway). 5. Describe the how to a child to write Margaret's School way irony is used in a short story . Analyze how that irony creates meaning. How does using irony work to create meaning in concept thinking Singapore, a shorter work? (examples: Flannery O'Connor's short stories, or Mark Twain's).

6. IMG Academy. Describe the climax of a work of literature. Analyze how the author builds up to that climax (example: Death of Julius Caesar in concept Curtin Singapore, Shakespeare's play, the trial in To Kill a Mockingbird ). Persuasive. 7. Describe the mood of a literary work . Analyze how the author creates that mood through word choices. 8. Describe a critical dialogue in a play or novel. Analyze how putting the words in concept Curtin, a character's mouth is articles University Florida more effective than just having the of critical thinking Singapore author narrate the write essay College scene and action in it. 9. Describe the use of allegory . Analyze the meaning of the allegory, or analyze why the author chose to use allegory in this work (examples: Orwell's Animal Farm or C.S. Lewis's Narnia books or John Bunyan in Pilgrim's Progress ). 10. Look at concept thinking, one scene in a Shakespeare play . Teach To Write Queen School. Analyze how that scene is crucial to understanding the plot or the concept development of a character (example: Ophelia's death in Hamlet ). 11. Describe a static character in a literary work (a character that does not change during the course of the work).

Analyze why the author chose to use that type of character and how that affects the rest of the work (example: Tiny Tim in Dicken's The Christmas Carol vs. Scrooge). 12. Describe the narrative voice in a work of literature. Analyze how using that narrative voice impacts the meaning of the work, or how it influences the reader to see events in a certain way. This is an especially interesting critical analysis to do when a work of literature uses more than one narrative voice (examples: The Help by Kathryn Stockett, Turn of the Screw by essay IMG Academy Henry James, or Bleak House by Charles Dickens). 13. Examine the Curtin University Singapore historical, cultural or literary context of a work of how to write articles fast University of Central Florida literature. Analyze how understanding that context can help the reader understand that work (examples: Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart , or Giovanni Boccaccio, Decameron ) 14. Look at the imagery in a poem or poems by of critical a particular poet. Describe the imagery and then analyze how it creates meaning, tone and mood (examples: Elizabeth Barrett Brown, Walt Whitman or Carlos Williams).

15. Examine and describe a poem which has a first person point of view . Analyze how telling the writing paper Roedean School poem in the first person allows the poet to create meaning (examples: Robert Browning's Fra Lippo Lippi or My Last Duchess). 1. Pick a really terrible movie you have seen . Summarize it and analyze what makes this movie so bad. Is it so badly done that it actually becomes funny to watch? (examples: Trolls II , Plan 9 from Outer Space ) 2. Examine a movie based on a book you've read. Analyze how well the book has been adapted into a movie. Explain why you think the of critical thinking Curtin Singapore director made changes to the book in writing paper Roedean, adapting it for the screen. Do the book and the movie have the same impact on the audience? Which is better? (examples: Lord of the Rings , Harry Potter , Hunger Games , The Help ). 3. Evaluate a T.V. series that is based on a novel (or novel series). Analyze how well the format of T.V. is adapted to telling this particular story (examples: Game of Curtin Thrones , BBC Sherlock Holmes, Elementary, Once Upon a Time, The Vampire Diaries ). 4. Look at a T.V. series that is based on true events or real people.

Analyze how realistic this depiction is of the how to teach a child to write an essay School actual lives of the concept University Singapore people in the series. Does this series exploit these people? Does being a part of a T.V. Roedean. show help or hurt them? (examples: Eight is Enough, Breaking Amish, Friday Night Lights ). 5. Examine a movie that is about high school . Analyze whether the characters, setting, plot and drama are realistic. Do such movies help people who are struggling in high school? Do they exploit stereotypes or help to undermine them? (examples: Napoleon Dynamite, 21 Jump street, Mean Girls, Easy A, Project X ) 6. Pick a cake Show. Analyze why these shows are interesting to viewers and University, how these shows have spawned a new interest in cooking, decorating cakes and other forms of food preparation inside the home. Are these shows really long advertisements for how to write products and services? (examples: Cake Boss, Cupcake Wars, and Amazing Wedding Cakes ). 7. Look at a vintage high school movie.

Analyze whether the concept Curtin Singapore struggles depicted in this movie mirror the one's teens experience today. How are schools, teens, parents, teachers and problems the same or different? (examples: The Breakfast Club, Dead Poet's Society, To Sir With Love, Rebel Without a Cause, Fast Times at Ridgemont High ). Writing Roedean. 8. Examine a remake of a classic movie. Of Critical Curtin University. Analyze whether the remake is as good as the original. How To Articles Fast University Florida. What has changed? Are some aspects better and others worse? Is the vision of the directors the same? (Example: Piranha 3-D, Evil Dead, Red Dawn, Clash of the Titans ). 9. Of Critical Curtin University. Examine a Hitchcock horror film or another classic horror movie. Analyze how the movie creates horror and suspense while following the strict Hollywood guidelines of the time (examples: The Birds, Psycho, Vertigo, Rear Window ) 10. Examine a movie based on a comic book series. Analyze how well the movie interprets the comic book character (examples: The Avengers, Batman, Superman, Captain America, Green Lantern, Ironman ). 11. Examine a Wedding Dress Show. Analyze why these shows are popular.

Have they contributed to Brighton College the sharp rise in wedding costs? Is the popularity related to the fact that so many marriages don't last? (examples: Say Yes to the Dress, My Big Redneck Wedding, My Fair Wedding ). 12. Examine two (or more) movies based on of critical thinking Curtin University Singapore the same comic book character. Analyze the essay change in the character over the series, or examine the way two different actors and directors interpreted the of critical character, motivations and persuasive writing, plot (examples: Spiderman, X-Man, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Justice League, Superman ). 13. Look at a romantic comedy. Analyze how this genre draws the concept thinking Curtin audience into persuasive School, the story. What makes a romantic comedy effective? (examples : When Harry Met Sally, Pretty Woman, Clueless, Picture Perfect, Like Crazy ). 14. Choose your favorite horror movie to examine. What makes this such a good horror film? Analyze what elements this movie has that creates the experience of horror in the audience (examples: The Exorcist, Sleepy Hollow, The Silence of the thinking Lambs, The Shining, Halloween ).

15. What makes a good summer movie? Examine one of your favorite summer movies, a classic, or a hit from last summer. Analyze what makes a movie good for a summer release? What are the audience expectations. How well does this movie match what the audience has come to expect? (examples: Do the Right Thing, Caddyshack, Jaws, (500) Days of Summer ). 16.

Pick a dumb comedy. While these sorts of movies don't generally hold up as classic literature, they can make us laugh and be fun to watch with a group of friends. However, there is a fine line between funny dumb and stupid dumb. Analyze how well your movie presents comedy that is funny for the audience. What makes a movie like this work? (examples: Ted, Bad Santa, The Cable Guy, Borat: Cultural Learnings of America, The Hangover ). Persuasive Paper. 17. Choose a movie that one The Best Picture award. Analyze what makes a movie the best of concept Curtin University Singapore that year and one of the best of all time. Does your movie have features that most best pictures do? What makes it unique? If it was produced this year, would it win again? (examples: Wings (1927/29-the first Best picture award), Gone With The Wind (1939), Ben Hur (1959), The Sound of Music (1965), Kramer vs.

Kramer (1979), The King's Speech (2001). 18. Choose a reality T.V. series : Analyze why people like these shows. Why are they so popular and what makes a reality T.V. show good or bad? Do these shows exploit the people who appear on Brighton them? Where should we draw the thinking Curtin Singapore line? (examples: Toddlers and write University of Central, Tiaras, Biggest Loser, Survivor ). 19. Choose a popular older T.V. sitcom. Research the current events happening at the time the show was produced. Analyze why the show was popular at Singapore, that time. Did that shows humor last?

Can audiences who watch it now still appreciate the humor? (examples: I Love Lucy, Cheers, M.A.S.H ). 20. An Informative Essay IMG Academy. Examine a popular game show. Explain the history of the show. Analyze how the show works to make the concept University Singapore game interesting not only for a child to write School the contestants but also for Curtin Singapore the viewing audience. Was the key ingredient the set-up of the game show, the contestants, the host, the audience, viewer participation or some other factor? (examples: Let's Make Deal, Minute to Win it, Jeopardy ). How to Write a Visual Analysis Paper.

by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Paraphrase, Quote, and Summarize Properly in Academic Papers. by Virginia Kearney 6. How To Essay The University. Critical Analysis of thinking Poem The Lake Isle of Innisfree by W.B.Yeats. by Andrew Spacey 0. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by articles fast Florida Virginia Kearney 109. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.

Thanks teaches--I get a lot of my ideas from my discussions with my college students in class and of critical Singapore, my high school kids at home! Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is a great list for students when selecting an essay topic and critical analysis. Your suggestions are all ones that people find interesting and are popular finds. I will be using this as a reference in classes. Thanks! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks so much Ms Dora--I so appreciate that from someone who is such a gifted communicator and teacher!

Dora Isaac Weithers 3 years ago from The Caribbean. An Informative Essay IMG Academy. Very interesting and informative for concept thinking Singapore those still in writing IMG Academy, the classroom. Concept Curtin University Singapore. Good topic ideas from a good teacher. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Introduction to Critical Thinking - The Learning Centre - Curtin University

essay on economic However, the problem is that economists may often disagree on thinking Curtin University Singapore, the best solution to these challenges. For example, at the start of the great depression in 1930, leading economists in the UK Treasury suggested that the writing an informative, UK needed to balance the budget; i.e. higher taxes, lower unemployment benefits. Concept Of Critical Curtin University Singapore? But, this made the recession deeper and led to an informative IMG Academy a fall in demand. The over production of negative externalities (e.g. Concept Of Critical Curtin University Singapore? pollution/congestion) The underproduction of goods with positive externalities (e.g. education, health care, public transport). Non-provision of Public Goods - (national defence, law and order) In recent years, behavioural economics has looked at the diverse range of factors that influence people's decisions. For example, behavioural economists have noted that individuals can exhibit present-bias focus. This means placing excess importance on the current time period and making decisions our future self may regret.

This includes over-consumption of demerit goods like alcohol and tobacco and failure to save for a pension. What may cause a run on the Pound? A run on how to teach to write an essay Margaret's School, the pound is more likely in a semi fixed exchange rate. e.g. when the of critical University, Government is writing IMG Academy, committed to trying to keep the Pound at concept thinking Curtin University Singapore, a certain level. A Child To Write Queen? If markets feel this level is unsustainable they may keep selling Pounds until the government is forced to devalue. For example, in 1992, the UK tried to maintain value of concept of critical University Singapore, Sterling in ERM, but, ultimately markets forced the UK out and we had to devalue. The graph above shows the near 20% devaluation in 1992. We also had a run on the pound in the late 60s, causing the Wilson government to devalue pound. (In 1967, Wilson devalued pound by 15% after selling many foreign currency reserves trying to write articles maintain value of Pound) In 1976, there was another on the Pound as markets feared the UK's fiscal position. Financial crisis depreciation. The credit crunch of 2008 hit the UK economy hard because it was more reliant on the financial sector than most other economies. Other potential causes of a run on the Pound.

High inflation - high inflation reduces the value of Pound Sterling. Foreign investors will be nervous of holding UK assets if the UK has high inflation. Threat of sovereign debt default . If markets feel government borrowing is too high and concept Singapore, unsustainable then there is a risk of writing IMG Academy, foreigners losing their government bonds. Therefore, the market will sell bonds causing an outflow of foreign currency and concept thinking Singapore, fall in value of how to write essay The University, sterling. This can build up a momentum effect. As the fall in the currency can alarm other investors. Large current account deficit. Concept Of Critical Curtin University Singapore? A large current account deficit implies we rely on write Brighton, capital flows to Singapore finance the write an comparison essay The University of Nottingham, current account deficit. Of Critical Thinking? Therefore, the UK would be more vulnerable to capital flight. In this circumstance a run on the Pound would be stronger. However, the UK has run a persistent current account deficit since the 1980s. How To An Comparison Essay The University? (See: Current account deficit)

Is the UK at concept of critical thinking Singapore, risk from a Run on the Pound? Would membership of Euro protect against a run on the Pound? Link between inflation and interest rates. Interest rates can influence the rate of articles University of Central, inflation and the rate of economic growth. The Bank of England change the University Singapore, 'base' interest rate to try and target the government's inflation rate of 2% +/-1 Generally, an increase in inflation leads to higher interest rates. Articles University? A fall in the inflation rate and lower growth leads to lower interest rates.

Graph Showing Inflation and Interest Rates in the UK. Real Interest Rates. Typically, nominal interest rates are 1 - 2 % higher than inflation. Concept Of Critical Curtin Singapore? When interest rates are higher than inflation, it means savers are protected against the effects of write University of Central Florida, inflation. Thinking University? However, in 2008 and 2011, we had a period of how to write essay of Nottingham, negative real interest rates. This meant the inflation rate was higher than the base rate.

A negative real interest rate is bad news for savers, but good news for borrowers. Response to Rising Inflation. If inflation rises, generally, the thinking, Bank of England increases interest rates to reduce inflationary pressure. Higher interest rates tend to how to write essay Brighton College reduce consumer spending. This is because homeowners see an increase in the cost of their mortgage payments and have less disposable income. Therefore, they spend less. Also, higher interest rates increase the incentive to save and reduce the incentive to borrow. Therefore, an increase in thinking Curtin University Singapore, interest rates tends to reduce the rate of economic growth and prevent inflationary pressures. See more on: Effects of Higher interest rates on economy Response to Fall in how to mla essay School, Inflation Rate. Lower interest rates increase motivation to borrow Lower interest rates mean cheaper mortgage payments and increase disposable income.

Why A Cut in Interest Rates May Not Work. The recession was so sharp that investment and consumption have fallen dramatically and so the cuts in interest rates have only mitigated the extent of the concept University, downturn House Price falls provide a powerful negative impact on spending. Lower interest rates should boost spending. But, with house prices falling 20% since the peak, this has reduced consumer wealth and essay, therefore reduced spending. Global downturn. Even sharp depreciation has been unable to boost export growth because of the of critical, extent of the economic downturn. Time Lags. A cut in interest rates can take a long time to have an effect.

For example, people with a two-year fixed rate mortgage won't notice for quite a long time. Writing Essay IMG Academy? (until they re-mortgage. Concept University? Also, commercial banks may be reluctant to pass the interest rate cut onto consumers. In some circumstances, the Central Bank may not increase interest rates, despite an increase in inflation. For example, in writing, 2008 and thinking, 2011, we had a rise in inflation to 5%, but, the Central Bank kept interest rates low. A Good Essay Brighton College? Why? They kept interest rates low because: They felt inflation was just due to temporary cost-push factors like higher taxes and volatile food prices increasing They felt economy was at risk of concept, inflation. Therefore, it was more important to tolerate a temporarily higher inflation rate, than increase interest rates and how to of Nottingham, push the economy back into recession. Related.

UK Exchange Rate Mechanism Crisis 1992. In October 1990, the UK made the decision to join the concept of critical University Singapore, Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) The ERM was a semi-fixed exchange rate mechanism. The value of the writing paper, Pound was supposed to be kept at a certain level against the DM. Keep inflation low Provide stability for exporters encouraging trade Enable countries to join the single currency - the Curtin University, Euro. In the late 1980s, the chancellor, Nigel Lawson was keen to join the ERM. But, Mrs Thatcher with her euro-sceptic views wanted to stay out.

The late 1980s saw an articles fast University of Central Florida, extraordinary economic boom - boosted by booming house prices, tax cuts and low interest rates. Growth reached record levels of 5-6% a year. Enthusiastic government ministers talked of an economic miracle - hoping Government policies had enabled, at long last, to catch up with other countries like Germany. However, this miracle was an illusion. High growth was unsustainable and led to inflation.(see: Lawson Boom) With inflation of 10%, Nigel Lawson was able to convince Mrs Thatcher that the UK would benefit from joining the ERM to help reduce inflation.

Therefore, the UK joined in October 1990. at a rate of DM 2.95 to the Pound. Increasing interest rates - this attracts hot money flows - it is more attractive to save in UK with high interest rates. Buying pounds with foreign exchange reserves. Of Critical Thinking University Singapore? However, these policies of a child, protecting the value of the Pound was causing a serious economic downturn. High interest rates particularly hit the housing market. Thinking Curtin University? With rising house prices, many had taken out large mortgages to get on the property ladder. But, now interest rates were increasing, mortgage repayments became unaffordable and how to teach a child, default rates increased. Combined with rising unemployment from the recession, the thinking Curtin, housing market saw a dramatic fall in prices that was to last 4 years. It was increasingly clear to the financial markets that the Pound was overvalued. The government was exhausting its foreign currency reserves in buying pounds.

But, more problematically, the high interest rates was causing a serious recession and how to write of Nottingham, misery for homeowners. For a long time, the British government fought a losing battle. But, the foreign currency reserves of the British government were no match for the trillions of Pound Sterling traded on the foreign currency and the pound kept sliding. It is estimated that the Treasury used ?27 billion of foreign currency reserves trying to prop up the Pound. The Treasury estimated the final cost to the taxpayer was estimated at ?3.4 billion. An overvalued currency can lead to lower economic growth, due to uncompetitive exports. Trying to keep currency at a level which is too high, may require high real interest rates - which can cause economic downturn. It is hard to of critical Curtin University buck the market.

Even government intervention on foreign currency markets is not sufficient to prevent depreciation if this is what reflects market fundamentals. A devaluation of the currency can be beneficial for the economy - under certain circumstances. This devaluation did not cause significant inflation, because the economy was depressed. UK Recession of 1991-92 UK devaluation of 1967 - many similarities UK Economic history Factors influencing exchange rate UK Crashes out of ERM in 1992 at BBC Unemployment is persuasive writing School, A Price well Worth Paying for concept thinking Curtin Singapore lower inflation - Norman Lamont commenting on his own policies. European harmony - European Union countries are no longer at loggerheads like they were in the past.

With the exception of how to to write Queen School, civil war in Yugoslavia (which wasn't in the EU at the time), Europe has managed to heal the divisions which were so painfully exposed in the two World Wars in the Twentieth Century. The EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in concept thinking University Singapore, 2012 for helping to promote peace and international co-operation. Many Eastern European countries are keen to join the EU because they feel it will help promote economic and political stability. Legal and human rights. The EU has a strong commitment to human rights, preventing discrimination and write Windermere School, the due process of law. This makes the EU attractive to countries, such as the Ukraine who wish to share in Curtin University Singapore, similar legal and human rights. Prospect of membership has helped modernise countries, such as Turkey. The Copenhagen Criteria for EU membership enshrine a commitment to human rights, the rule of law and a market economy. The prospect of gaining membership of the EU, encourage countries to implement human rights legislation.

Economic benefits. EU is one of strongest economic areas in the world. With 500 million people, it has 7.3% of the world's population but accounts for 23% of nominal global GDP. Free trade and removal of non-tariff barriers have helped reduce costs and prices for consumers. Increased trade with the how to an comparison essay of Nottingham, EU creates jobs and higher income. Over 52% of UK exports are to the EU. Trade within the EU has increased 30% since 1992.

According to one study - over ten years (1993-2003), the Single Market has boosted the EU’s GDP by ˆ877 billion [?588 billion]. This represents ˆ5,700 [?3,819] of concept of critical thinking University, extra income per household. A paper, Campos, Coricelli, and Moretti (2014) used the synthetic counterfactuals method (SCM) pioneered by Abadie and Gardeazabal (2003). The red dotted line shows estimated GDP if the country had not been a member of the EU. This shows that even more prosperous EU countries, such as the UK have benefited from higher GDP as a result of being in the EU. Free movement of labour and capital have helped create a more flexible economy. For example, UK and how to University of Central Florida, Ireland have benefited from the immigration of Eastern European workers to fill labour market shortages in certain areas, such as plumbing, nursing and cleaning. Far from 'taking jobs', migration has helped increase productive capacity and makes a net contribution to thinking Curtin University Singapore tax revenues. The University Of Nottingham? (see impact of concept of critical Curtin University Singapore, net migration) Free movement of labour also enables British people to live and work in Europe. Roughly 1.6 million British citizens live in the EU outside the UK ( UNCTAD World Investment Report 2010 ) EU migrants are net contributors to UK Treasury. EU migrants tend to be young. Therefore they pay taxes, but use a relatively small share of the NHS and pensions.

See: Fiscal effects of immigration. Net migration has helped deal with the UK's demographic timebomb. EU has enabled people to writing paper Roedean School travel freely across national boundaries making trade and tourism easier and cheaper. According to the European Commission, more than 15 million EU citizens have moved to concept of critical thinking University other EU countries to an informative work or to enjoy their retirement. 1.5 million young people have completed part of their studies in another member state with the help of the Erasmus programme. The possibility to study abroad is concept Curtin, considered positive by IMG Academy, 84% of EU citizens. (benefits of EU) Easier to use qualifications in concept of critical thinking, different member countries. This makes it easier to work abroad without having to writing an informative retrain in different national qualifications.

Mutual recognition of safety standards and rules have helped reduce costs for firms. Of Critical Thinking University Singapore? This has encouraged the development of small and medium business who rely on the low cost of exports. Writing School? Social charter enshrines protection for workers such as a maximum working week, right to collective bargaining and fair pay for employment. European Arrest Warrant (EAW) scheme has made it easier to track criminals across the European continent. Of Critical Thinking Singapore? Environmental benefits of the EU. The EU has raised the quality of sea water and beeches, by implementing regulations on water standards 'Bathing Water Directive'. 92% of tourist locations now meet minimum water quality standards. (Clean water at Europa.eu) Tackling global warming.

In 2006, the fast University, (EU) committed to concept of critical thinking University Singapore reducing its global warming emissions by at least 20 percent of 1990 levels by 2020. The EU has also committed to spending $375 billion a year to cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80 percent by 2050 compared to 1990 levels. (global warmingpdf) Tackling acid rain. Environmental treaties which have sought to deal with European wide environmental problems such as acid rain. The EU has set strict restrictions on emissions of pollutants, such as sulphur , and other causes of writing School, acid rain. (BBC Link) Consumer benefits of the of critical, EU. EU competition policy has harmonised regulation of monopoly and cartel power within Europe. The EU competition policy seeks to avoid abuses of cartels / monopoly / dominant market power and protect the interest of the consumer.

There has been successful deregulation of airlines, electricity and gas markets. The EU has reduced the price of making mobile phone calls abroad. In 2007 EU legislation set maximum charges for making and how to an comparison essay The University of Nottingham, receiving calls. The EU also agreed with 14 mobile phone manufacturers to create a standard design for chargers from 2011 in order to make life easier for consumers and reduce wastage. In 2014, it is has voted to scrap roaming charges which will drastically reduce the cost of using a mobile phone abroad. Concept Of Critical Curtin? (BBC link) Consumers are free to shop in persuasive writing paper Roedean School, any EU countries without paying any tariffs or excise duties when they return home. Concept Curtin Singapore? So what have the EU ever done for us, apart from straightening all those pesky bananas? Recent posts on Brexit and Europe. Unemployment - A price worth paying for lower inflation? To some extent N.Lamont will claim to be vindicated by events.

Although unemployment rose to 3 million in an informative, the early 1990s, inflation was reduced and since then the economy has experienced a long period of uninterrupted growth without inflation and unemployment has fallen. 2. Costs of inflation. 1. Unemployment can last for a long time. Yet, this period of undoubted prosperity and rising living standards helped to mask a decline in the relative competitiveness of the UK economy. UK economic growth in the 1960s. There were brief dips in output, but these were not sustained. Lack of concept Curtin University Singapore, willingness / ability to innovate Poor industrial relations with a growing number of days lost to strike action. Mla Essay? There was often a break down between owners and managers and increasingly militant trade unions. Concept? Some argue this was exacerbated by Britain's class system. Whilst Japanese workers sang company songs with zest and loyalty, British workers were more likely to be working to rule or considering strike action. Barbara Castle as Labour minister tried a moderate reforms of writing paper Roedean, trades unions, through her white paper 'In Place of Strife '. However, the unions effectively lobbied Labour ministers and the reform bill was blocked.

Complacency. Some argue that in the post-war period, the UK was affected by complacency of being a global power. This complacency was in stark contrast to the defeated countries of concept thinking University Singapore, Germany and how to a good essay Brighton, Japan, who put greater energy into business. The UK was also hampered by coming to terms with letting go its Empire and trying to join Europe. In the 1960s, two applications to join the EEC were vetoed by the French.

Lack of public sector infrastructure. Burdened by of critical Singapore, high post-war debt, the how to teach an essay Queen School, UK struggled to invest in of critical thinking Curtin University, new transport and technologies. For example, the UK was still relying on steam trains until the mid 1960s - later than many other countries who made switch to cheaper and more efficient electricity and diesel. Balance of Payments. In the 1960s, the trade deficit was seen as a vitally important economic statistic, with important politically considerations. Unfortunately, for how to an comparison of Nottingham the Harold Wilson government of the 1960s, the UK trade deficit was embarrassingly large - a result of the decline in competitiveness and a wish to retain a strong pound. Campaigns like 'Buy British' were surprisingly prominent, but, ultimately failed to make any real dent in the trade deficit. The problem was that if you wanted a car or electrical good that worked - you were much better off buying from overseas. If we made jokes about concept Curtin University, Skodas and Ladas in the 1980s, British Leyland was the butt of many jokes during 60s and of Nottingham, 70s.

Despite the economic weaknesses of the concept thinking Curtin University Singapore, 1960s, it was still an era of how to write an comparison The University of Nottingham, full employment and rising real wages. Compared to the rest of the Twentieth Century, the 1950s and University Singapore, 60s were a rare period of full employment. In fact, there were serious labour shortages in industries, such as manufacturing and transport, leading to the mass immigration from Commonwealth countries. Devaluation of 1967. It does not mean that the IMG Academy, pound here in Britain, in your pocket or purse or in your bank, has been devalued. (BBC) But, it did cause the price of imports to rise and contribute to rising inflation. It was also hoped the devaluation would tackle. Our decision to devalue attacks our problem at the root and that is why the international monetary community have rallied round. Concept Curtin University? However, although it proved a temporary boost in competitiveness. It could not tackle the fundamental issues, such as productivity and labour relations.

After the Second World War, the UK was left with huge debts. National debt as a % of how to write essay Brighton, GDP exceeded 200% of GDP in of critical thinking Curtin, the early 1950s. How To Essay Brighton College? Britain was reliant on loans from the United States. Despite growth and a steady reduction in debt to GDP during the 1960s, the University Singapore, UK still required US help. The Lawson Boom of the write articles of Central, late 1980s. The Lawson boom of the late 1980s was a classic example of a 'boom and bust' economic cycle. The late 1980s were a period of rapid economic expansion. This was caused by rising house prices, tax cuts, lower interest rates and thinking Curtin University Singapore, high confidence. However, the boom caused a rise in teach to write Margaret's School, inflation and a larger current account deficit. Policies to concept of critical thinking University Singapore tackle this inflation caused the recession of 1991-92. The Lawson boom followed from the recession of 1981.

This recession particularly affected the manufacturing sector and caused unemployment to rise to write Windermere 3 million. By 1985, unemployment was still over Curtin University Singapore 2.5 million people. However, from 1986 the government made various decisions which helped to inflate the economy causing an how to mla essay, inflationary boom. Economic growth in the 1980s. In 1987 as a whole, output grew by getting on University Singapore, for 4? per cent., rather more than the rate of inflation which averaged 4.2 per cent. At the same time, unemployment fell faster than in any other year since the war, in every region of the country, and more than in any other major nation. The plain fact is that the British economy has been transformed. Prudent financial policies have given business and industry the confidence to expand, while supply side reforms have progressively removed the barriers to enterprise. (source) However, this was not the case and economic growth of 4%, led to a growing current account deficit and rising inflation rate. 4. The housing boom.

The low-interest rates and the high consumer confidence sparked a housing boom. During the boom years, house prices rose by 300% (and more in places like London). Q4 1988 was the write fast Florida, peak of the thinking Curtin Singapore, boom period with house prices rising over 30% at an annual rate. This boom in how to write articles University of Central Florida, house prices caused a rise in household wealth and increased confidence. Equity withdrawal rose to concept of critical record levels, which helped increase consumer spending. By 1988 and 1989, the economy was growing at 5% a year (almost double the long run trend rate) Despite signs of overheating, the government were reluctant to react. Writing An Informative? Interest rates were increased, but not as quickly as they could have. Partly they believed there had been an economic miracle - enabling a higher long run trend rate of economic growth. But, also Nigel Lawson, didn't want higher interest rates to boost the of critical thinking University, value of the Pound above the 'unofficial exchange rate' he was following. This was a policy known as shadowing the D-Mark. However, the fast growth meant that inflation started to creep up, eventually reaching over 8% in 1990.

A widening current account deficit in the late 1980s was evidence of the economic boom. High consumer spending led to a rise in import spending causing a deterioration in the current account. It was also in the 1980s, that we saw rapid financial deregulation, which at the time was considered beneficial. However, the financial deregulation of building societies was a factor behind the writing Roedean School, UK credit crunch of 2008. The Lawson Boom also saw a period of widening inequality - helped by concept of critical thinking Curtin University, cuts to tax rates for high earners. One interesting outcome of the Lawson Boom was that it encouraged later governments to give responsibility of Monetary Policy to the Bank of England. The argument was that an independent Bank of England would avoid the political pressure to keep interest rates too low to achieve high growth. How To Write Articles University Florida? Related. How does austerity affect the economy?

However, austerity, during a time of economic weakness often leads to further falls in aggregate demand, higher unemployment and lower economic growth. In some cases, austerity to of critical thinking University reduce a budget deficit can be self-defeating, with sharp falls in real GDP, causing debt to GDP ratios to continue to rise. However, in certain cases, 'fiscal austerity' can reduce budget deficits without causing negative economic growth. Lower inflation . Spending cuts will tend to persuasive writing paper School lead to lower inflation. Firstly, the fall in aggregate demand (AD) will lead to lower inflationary pressures in concept thinking, the economy. How To An Essay Queen Margaret's? Also, if the government limits public sector wages, this will put downward pressure on concept of critical, wages. Lower wage growth plays a key role in teach to write an essay Queen, reducing underlying inflationary pressure. Ireland has been one of more 'successful' countries which has embarked on austerity, but this shows GNP is still significantly below pre -crisis levels (when real GNP was growing at an average rate of concept of critical thinking Singapore, close to 5% a year)

The UK's budget deficit fell slower than expected. This was partly because growth forecasts proved overly-optimistic. How To Write Mla Essay Windermere? The austerity measures led to a slowdown in growth. What determines the impact of austerity? Exchange rate . Austerity is not as damaging if a country can devalue the exchange rate. This devaluation helps to thinking Curtin University restore competitiveness much quicker than relying on internal devaluation.

The depreciation helps boost export demand. Countries in the Euro, can't devalue and so have to rely solely on internal devaluation to restore competitiveness. Should we worry about national debt? It is worth bearing in Windermere School, mind that in the 1940s, as well as paying for post war reconstruction, the UK set up the NHS and welfare state. There was no austerity panic in the 1940s! The high government debt levels of the of critical University Singapore, 1940s and 1950s were not a barrier to the post war boom years of the 1950s and 1960s which saw record levels of economic growth.

An analogy. When I took out Windermere, a mortgage loan of ?140,000, I was left with mortgage payments of ?800 a month. In 2004, this was nearly 40% of my income. However, if my income increases by of critical University Singapore, 3% a year. In 20 years time, it will be much easier to pay that mortgage payment of ?800, it will hopefully be 15% of persuasive paper Roedean, my income. To buy a house, it makes sense to borrow a mortgage and pay back over 30-40 years. However, although national debt can be effectively managed, there are concerns when debt grows faster than National Income. For example, in Greece debt to of critical thinking University GDP has risen so quickly that it has proved very difficult to stop the ratio of debt to articles GDP rising. (partly because spending cuts to reduce the deficit, caused lower GDP) As UK debt rose from 35% of GDP to of critical Singapore 80% of GDP. Bond yields fell from how to a child to write an essay Margaret's 5% to 2%

In other-words as debt rose, borrowing costs fell. This is because in economic downturn, there is greater demand for government bonds. In some cases (such as Eurozone economies) higher levels of public debt pushed up bond yields. Higher bond yields are damaging to the economy. It increases the cost of debt interest payments and is a reflection investors are nervous about the liquidity of of critical thinking Curtin University Singapore, government debt. An Informative Essay IMG Academy? It forced the economies into austerity which caused a prolonged recession. The UK has seen a fall in bond yields during the concept, recession of 2008-12. This is because, in a recession, private sector saving rises.

Therefore, there is demand for safe investments, such as government bonds. In a recession, people don't want to take risks, therefore demand for shares and an informative essay IMG Academy, private investment tends to concept thinking University fall. Write Articles Of Central Florida? In a recession, government borrowing doesn't tend to cause crowding out. Government borrowing is merely mopping up private sector saving. Possible reasons to concept of critical Curtin Singapore be concerned about government borrowing.

However, an ageing population can be resolved without just increasing tax on young workers. The retirement age can be increase to keep the writing an informative, same% of population in workforce. 3. Inflationary Pressure. There is concept University Singapore, a concern that higher levels of national debt can cause inflation. If debt becomes too high, there may be insufficient investors to mla essay School buy the government securities (the usual way of financing the debt). Therefore, the government may be tempted (or forced) to fill the concept of critical thinking Singapore, shortfall in revenue by printing money. Printing money and increasing the money supply, will lead to inflation. The problem with inflation, is how to a child to write an essay Queen Margaret's, that it devalues the Curtin University, value of bonds, people will sell bonds, leading to how to write an comparison essay The University higher interest rates on bonds and higher debt interest payments.

If investors see inflation is getting out of control, people will not want to hold bonds. Foreign investors will sell their securities and of critical thinking Curtin, this will cause a devaluation in the currency. This is a child to write an essay Queen Margaret's, particularly a problem for the US, where foreign countries hold a high % of the national debt.The hyperinflation of Germany in 1922-23 was caused by the government printing money to concept of critical thinking University finance reparation payments to the allies. However, it should be pointed out, this hyperinflation is quite rare and only occurs if the government prints money recklessly without regard to the fundamental economic situation. Quantitative easing in 2009-12 didn't cause inflation in the UK and US.

The increase in the monetary base was very large, but the inflationary impact minimal. Write A Good Brighton? - Inflation and quantitative easing. 4. Crowding Out . It is argued that if government borrowing increases, it will cause crowding out of the private sector. If the private sector buy bonds it means the private sector has less funds for private sector investment. Of Critical Thinking Curtin? Also, if borrowing increases, interest rates may rise. Higher interest rates also reduce private sector spending and investment.

However, in a recession, crowding out doesn't occur because the private sector want to buy government bonds 5. As National Debt increases as a % of GDP, it means that the interest payments as a % of GDP may increase. Therefore, higher levels of taxes have to be spent on just financing the national debt. If the government increases debt during a period of economic growth - the higher borrowing is likely to write a good Brighton College crowd out the private sector and lead to a decline in private sector investment. If there is a structural deficit caused by spending commitments which can't be met by tax revenues. If the government responds to higher debt by printing money; this can cause inflation. e.g. case of Zimbabwe, Germany 1920s.

But, note QE of 2008-12, didn't cause inflation in UK and US because of liquidity trap. How to deal with an concept Curtin University Singapore, ageing population. How UK Pension spending as a % of GDP has increased in recent decades.