Date: 29.2.2017 / Article Rating: 4 / Votes: 512
Seyirzevki.com #How to write academic essays Albert College

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> How to write academic essays Albert College

How to write academic essays Albert College

May/Sun/2018 | Uncategorized




How to Write an Academic Essay


"How to Write an Academic Essay" :) With over fifteen years teaching experience, both in high school and college, professor and ...

Albert essays, help with thesis statement about marriage, creative

How to write academic essays Albert College

Need Help Writing an Essay? -
ALBERT COLLEGE 2015

bal shoshan essay ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤µ¤¿¤¦¥¤¯¤¾¤²¤¯ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤•¤¾¤¤. How To Write Albert College! ¤œ¥‹ ¤…¤­¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤œ¤¨¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¤¾¤— ¤²¥‡¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¸¥‡ ¤¤¥ˆ¤¯¤¾¤° ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥¤†, ¤¤¸¥‡ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤° ¤¸¤•¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤µ¤° ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤‡¤¨¥¤¸¤¾¤¨ ¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤ª¤¶¥¤“¤‚, ¤ª¤•¥¤·¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚, ¤•¥€¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚-¤®¤•¥Œ¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¶¥¤°¥ƒ¤‚¤–¤²¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥¤¤¤° ¤ª¤° ¤œ¥€¤µ¤¨ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤• ¤”¤° ¤¹¤¨¥¤¤¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤•¤¿ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤• ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤¸¤®¤°¥¤¥ ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤²¤• ¤¯¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¥¤· ¤¬¤¾¤²¤• ¤•¥‹ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¶¤¾¤®¤¿¤² ¤•¤°¥‡, ¤¬¤¾¤§¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¥‡, ¤‰¤¤¥¤ª¥€¤¡¤¼¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¥‡, ¤¶¥‹¤·¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¥‡¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤•¥¤°¥‚¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤¦¤‚¤­ ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¤® ¤¸¤¬ ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¨¤¿¤°¤‚¤•¥¤¶¤¤¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤˜¤Ÿ¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¤¿¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¤‚¤¸¤°¥¤— ¤•¥€ ¤µ¤¿¤§¤¾¤¤‚-¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤²¤—¤­¤— ¤®¤¾¤¨¤µ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ, ¤ª¤¶¥-¤ª¤•¥¤·¥€ ¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥€¤Ÿ ¤ª¤¤¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¨ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥¤¤¤° ¤ª¤° ¤¸¤¾¤‚¤ ¤°¤–¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤…¤²¤—-¤…¤²¤— ¤µ¤¿¤•¤¾¤¸ ¤š¤°¤£¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¸¥¤¤¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤°, ¤œ¤¿¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¸¥‡ ¤µ¤¿¤­¤¿¤¨¥¤¨ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾-¤¸¥¤µ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¯¤¾ ¤¸¤‚¤­¤¾¤µ¤¨¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤œ¤—¤¹, ¤¸¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤œ¤—¤¤ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¤° ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤®¥Œ¤œ¥‚¤¦ ¤°¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤µ¥ˆ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨¤¿¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤†¤¶¥¤š¤°¥¤¯¤š¤•¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¤®¥‚¤¹¤—¤¤ ¤¤•¤² ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¤¹¤µ¤¾¤¸ (Social Monogamy) ¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤¤• ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¹¥€ ¤¸¤¹¤µ¤¾¤¸ (Sexual Monogamy) ¤¯¤¾ ¤¤• ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤¨¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤ˆ ¤®¤¾¤¦¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¸¤¹¤µ¤¾¤¸ (Polygamy)¤¤• ¤®¤¾¤¦¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤ˆ ¤¨¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¤¹¤µ¤¾¤¸ ¤¤¤¥¤¾ ¤¤• ¤¸¤®¥‚¤¹ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤­¥€ ¤¸¤¹¤µ¤¾¤¸ (Promiscuity) ¤‡¤¤¥¤¯¤¾¤¦¤¿ ¤µ¤¿¤¸¥¤¤¥ƒ¤¤ ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¥€¤µ¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤¸¥¤µ¤°¥‚¤ª¥‹¤‚ (¤ª¤¶¥-¤ª¤•¥¤·¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚, ¤•¥€¤Ÿ ¤ª¤¤¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚, ¤œ¤²¤š¤°¥‹¤‚) ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¥¤µ¤®¥ˆ¤¥¥¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤µ¤°¥‹¤‚, ¤ª¤¶¥ ¤ª¤•¥¤·¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¥‡¤–¥€ ¤—¤ˆ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤µ¥ˆ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨¤¿¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤ˆ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤µ¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥‡ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤µ¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤­¥€ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤• ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤· ¤¡¤¾¤²¤«¤¿¤¨ (Dolphin) ¤”¤° ¤¬¤¤¤–¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤®¤¾¤¦¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¦¤•¥¤·¤¿¤£ ¤…¤«¥¤°¥€¤•¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤œ¤‚¤—¤² ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¯¥¤µ¤¾ ¤¹¤¾¤¥¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤¸¥‡ ¤—¥‡¤‚¤¡¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¤°¤•¥‡ ¤®¤¾¤° ¤¡¤¾¤²¤¾¥¤ ¤š¤¾¤°¥¤²¥¤¸ ¤¸¥€¤¬¤°¥¤Ÿ ¤¨¥‡ ¤¯¤¹ ¤°¤¿¤ª¥‹¤°¥¤Ÿ ¤¨¥¤¯¥‚¤¯¤¾¤°¥¤• ¤Ÿ¤¾¤ˆ¤®¥¤¸ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¤¾¤¶¤¿¤¤ ¤•¥€ ¤¥¥€¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¤• ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¦¤¿¤–¤¾¤ˆ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¦¥‡¤¤¥€, ¤µ¤¹ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¹¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¤¾ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤š¤¾¤°¥¤ ¤‡¤¨¥¤¸¤¾¤¨ ¤¨¥‡ ¤‡¤¸ ¤µ¤¿¤·¤¯ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¿¤¯¤®¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤®¤® ¤‰¤²¥¤²¤‚¤˜¤¨ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ Weasel (¤¤• ¤ª¥¤°¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¤¾ ¤¨¥‡¤µ¤²¤¾) ¤¤• ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¤¾ ¤¸¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤µ¤° ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¥‹ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤…¤‚¤–¤®¥¤‚¤¦¥‡ ¤¨¤¨¥¤¹¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤° ¤²¥‡¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤¤• ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤•, ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤• ¤¬¤¨¤¾¤µ¤Ÿ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¤¤°¥¤—¤¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤¨¤¨¥¤¹¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤œ¤¨¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤²¤—¤­¤— ¤†¤ ¤¦¤¸ ¤®¤¾¤¹ ¤¤¤• ¤¸¥¤¥¤—¤¿¤¤ ¤°¤– ¤¸¤•¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥¤ˆ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤«¤²¤¸¥¤µ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¦¤¸ ¤®¤¾¤¹ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤ª¥ˆ¤¦¤¾ ¤•¤° ¤¸¤•¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤«¤¿¤° ¤­¥€ ¤‡¤¸¥‡ ¤¤•¤®¤¾¤¤¥¤° ¤…¤ª¤µ¤¾¤¦ ¤¹¥€ ¤—¤¿¤¨¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤—¤¾¥¤ ¤¸¤‚¤®¤²¥ˆ¤—¤¿¤• ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤š¤¾¤° ¤­¥€ ¤œ¥€¤µ¤¶¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤œ¥€¤µ ¤œ¤—¤¤ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤µ ¤•¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¹¥€ ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤ª¥¤°¤œ¤¨¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤¹¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚, ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤†¤¨¤‚¤¦ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤­¥€ ¤œ¥€¤µ-¤œ¤¨¥¤¤¥, ¤ª¤¶¥-¤ª¤•¥¤·¥€, ¤•¥€¤Ÿ ¤ª¤¤¤‚¤—¥‡ ¤¯¥‡ ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤¤‚ ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¤®¤²¥ˆ¤‚¤—¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¯¤¹ ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤œ¥€¤µ¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¦¥‡¤–¥€ ¤—¤ˆ¥¤ ¤¯¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤ª¤¹¤² ¤†¤¦¤® ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¤ ¤¨¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤•¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤‚¤­¥‹¤— ¤¸¥¤– ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¤¾ ¤—¤¹¤¨ ¤”¤° ¤…¤‚¤¤¤°¤‚¤— ¤¸¥¤– ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤¦¥¤– ¤ª¤° ¤†¤§¤¾¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹, ¤¯¤¹ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤®¤¨¥‹¤µ¥ˆ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨¤¿¤• ¤•¥‡ ¤¤¤°¤•¤¶ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¤• ¤”¤° ¤¤¥€¤° ¤¤¥‹ ¤¬¤¨ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¸¥¤–-¤¦¥¤– ¤•¤¾ ¤¯¤¹ ¤µ¤¿¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¤¾ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¸¤®¤¤¤¤¾ ¤œ¥‹ ¤‡¤¸¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤¹¤®¥‡¤¶¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤µ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤° ¤”¤° ¤¨¤¿¤°¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¥¤° ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤¿¤²¥¤•¥¤² ¤¨¤‚¤—¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤¨¤¿¤¹¤¤¥¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤•¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤¨¤¿¤¶¥¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¿ ¤•¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¥¤ ¤•¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¤¾ ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤…¤¤¥¤¯¤¾¤š¤¾¤°¥€ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤š¤¾¤° ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¤¿¤¸¥‡ ¤†¤‚¤– ¤“¤¤² ¤•¤° ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤, ¤¥‚¤ ¤®¤¾¤¨ ¤²¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤, ¤•¤²¥¤ª¤¨¤¾ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¦¤®¤¿¤¤ ¤¸¥¤µ¥‡¤š¥¤›¤¾¤¯¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¹¤•¤° ¤¦¤°¤•¤¿¤¨¤¾¤° ¤•¤° ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¥¤ ¤®¤¨¥¤·¥¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤‚¤¸¤¾¤° ¤¦¤¿¤–¤¨¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤š¥¤›¤¾ ¤²¤—¥‡, ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤‡¤¸ ¤µ¤œ¤¹ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤¸¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤¥‡¤‚ ¤¨ ¤•¤¹¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤¸¤œ¥¤œ¤¨¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤–¥¤²¥‡ ¤†¤‚¤—¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¸¤¬ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥¤† ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤¨ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¹¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¨ ¤²¥‡¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¹¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‹ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤•¤²¤‚¤•¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤•¥‡ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¥¤¯¤¾ ¤²¤¾¤­¥¤ ¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¸ ¤•¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤¤• ¤¸¥€¤®¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤¾¤‚¤¸ ¤°¥‹¤• ¤•¤° ¤µ¥€¤­¤¤¥¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤¤¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¬ ¤¤¤• ¤­¤²¥‡ ¤²¥‹¤— ¤¸¥¤¨ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤Š¤ª¤° ¤¸¥‡ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤¸¤°¤² ¤”¤° ¤¸¥€¤§¥€ ¤œ¤¿¤¨¥¤¦¤—¥€ ¤•¥‡ ¤¨¥€¤š¥‡ ¤¤¾¤‚¤•¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤•¥¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¼¤°¥‚¤°¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¶¤°¥€¤«¤¼ ¤²¥‹¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤—¤²¥€-¤®¥¤¹¤²¥¤²¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤¬¤¾¤œ¤¼¤¾¤°-¤•¥‚¤š¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤•¥¤› ¤¸¤¿¤°¤«¤¿¤°¥‡ ¤¦¤¿¤¨-¤¦¤¹¤¾¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤†¤ˆ¤¨¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤˜¥‚¤®¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤•¤¿ ¤¦¥‡¤–¥‹ ¤‡¤¨ ¤†¤ˆ¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¥‡¤–¥‹¥¤ ¤‰¤¨ ¤†¤ˆ¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤ª¤¡¤¼¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤¸¥‚¤°¤œ ¤‰¤›¤² ¤•¤° ¤˜¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤§¥‡¤°¥‡ ¤•¥‹¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤š¥¤‚¤§¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¹¤°¤•¤¤¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¨¥¤¦ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥€ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤, ¤¹¤® ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤­¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ - ¤ ¥€¤• ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¯¤¹¥€ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¤¥Œ¤°-¤¤¤°¥€¤•¤¾ ¤…¤¬ ¤¤¤• ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤†¤¤–¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¨¥¤¦¥¤ ¤…¤²¤—-¤…¤²¤— ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤•¤° ¤¹¥ˆ¤°¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¤• ¤¸¥¤¤¤° ¤ª¤° ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤®¥Œ¤œ¥‚¤¦ ¤¹¥ˆ - ¤–¤¾¤¸¤•¤° ¤˜¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚¥¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤…¤ª¤°¤¾¤§ ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥‡ ¤²¥‹¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾, ¤ª¤°¤¾¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤‰¤¨ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¬¤š¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤‰¤ª¤¾¤¯ ¤…¤ª¥‡¤•¥¤·¤¾¤•¥ƒ¤¤ ¤†¤¸¤¾¤¨ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤ª¤° ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥‡ ¤œ¤¼¥¤¯¤¾¤¦¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤°¤¾¤§ ¤˜¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤•¥Œ¤¨ ¤¨¤œ¤¼¤° ¤°¤–¥‡ ¤¹¤° ¤µ¤•¥¤¤ ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾¤“¤‚, ¤­¤¾¤ˆ¤¯¥‹¤‚, ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤°¥¤ ¤š¤¾¤š¤¾-¤¤¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¹ ¤•¤° ¤¹¤° ¤µ¤•¥¤¤ ¤˜¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤˜¥¤¸¥‡ ¤°¤¹¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤°, ¤…¤§¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤°, ¤–¥‡¤² ¤¸¤¿¤–¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤•¥‹¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤°, ¤¹¤° ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤®¥¤ª¤°¥¤• ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤¤¤®¤¾¤® ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤°¥¤ ¤¯¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¤¤• ¤•¤¿ ¤…¤§¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¤¿¤•¤¾¤“¤‚, ¤†¤¯¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤ª¤°, ¤”¤° ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤•¥¤› ¤®¤¾¤¤“¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤­¥€¥¤ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤—¤¨¥¤§ ¤˜¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¥ˆ¤ ¤•¥‹¤‚, ¤•¥¤°¥¤¸¥€ ¤®¥‡¤œ¤¼¥‹¤‚, ¤ª¤°¥¤¦¥‹¤‚, ¤–¤¿¤¡¤¼¤•¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤š¤¿¤ª¤•¥€ ¤¹¥¤ˆ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤­¤¾¤¸ ¤”¤° ¤—¤¨¥¤§ ¤…¤¬¥‚¤¥€ ¤…¤ª¤°¤¿¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤²¤—¤¤¥€¥¤ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤†¤¹¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤•¥¤°¥‚¤° ¤…¤¨¥¤­¤µ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¥‡ ¤®¤¿¤²¥‡¤—¤¾, ¤¯¤¹ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥‹¤š¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤µ¤¸¤° ¤¹¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤®¤¨ ¤¤• ¤†¤¤¤¾¤¤¤¾¤¯¥€ ¤®¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¥¤‚¤ ¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¤• ¤¤¸¥€ ¤…¤¸¤®¤°¥¤¥ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¡¤¾¤² ¤¦¥‡¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤š¤®¤•¤¤¥‡ ¤ª¥Œ¤§¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤œ¤¼¤¹¤°¥€¤²¥€ ¤œ¤¼¤®¥€¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤°¥‹¤ª ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¥¤ ¤¨¤¿¤ ¤¾¤°¥€ ¤•¤¾¤£¥¤¡ ¤•¥€ ¤˜¤Ÿ¤¨¤¾ ¤ª¤° ¤‡¤•¥¤•¥€¤¸¤µ¥€¤‚ ¤¸¤¦¥€ ¤•¥€ ¤®¥‹¤¹¤° ¤¦¤°¥¤œ ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤—¥€¥¤ ¤¤¸¥€ ¤˜¤Ÿ¤¨¤¾¤¤‚ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¬ ¤¸¥‡ ¤§¤°¤¤¥€ ¤•¥‡ ¤¨¥€¤š¥‡ ¤—¤¡¤¼¥€ ¤¹¥¤ˆ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤š¥€¤¨ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤®¥ƒ¤¤¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¤•¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤•¥‡ ¤¤• ¤œ¤—¤¹ ¤‡¤•¥¤Ÿ¥€Œ¤ ¥‡ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤•¤¥¤¾ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤¸¤‚¤—¤¤ ¤¥¥€¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤ª¥‚¤°¥¤£ ¤¶¥¤¦¥¤§¤¿ ¤¸¤®¥ƒ¤¦¥¤§¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¯¥‡ ¤…¤®¤¾¤¨¤µ¥€¤¯ ¤•¥ƒ¤¤¥¤¯ ¤¤¤¬ ¤­¥€ ¤¹¥¤ ¤¥¥‡¥¤ ¤¤• ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤¥¤¾¤—¤¤ ¤¢¤‚¤— ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤¥¥‡, ¤œ¤¿¤¨¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤°¤¾¤§ ¤¬¥‹¤§ ¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤°¥¤® ¤•¤¾ ¤•¥¤¤¥¤¸ ¤­¥€ ¤¶¤¾¤®¤¿¤² ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤•¥¤› ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤ª¤¹¤²¥‡ ¤•¤¾¤°¤¥¥‡¤œ (CARTHAGE) ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¤• ¤•¤¬¥¤° ¤¸¤®¥‚¤¹ ¤®¤¿¤²¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¥‹ ¤†¤œ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¢¤¾¤ˆ ¤¹¤œ¤¼¤¾¤° ¤¸¤¾¤² ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¤¾¤°¤¥¥‡¤œ ¤®¥‡¤¡¤¿¤Ÿ¤°¥‡¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¨ ¤¸¤¾¤—¤° ¤•¥¤·¥‡¤¤¥¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤ ¤Ÿ¥¤¯¥‚¤¨¤¿¤¶¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤¤• ¤¶¤¹¤° ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¥‹ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤š¥€¤¨ ¤•¤¾¤² ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤°¥‹¤®¤¨ ¤”¤° ¤—¥¤°¥€¤• ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤”¤° ¤¶¤•¥¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¥‡¤‚¤¦¥¤° ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤•¤°¥€¤¬ ¤¬¥€¤¸ ¤¹¤œ¤¼¤¾¤° ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤•¤‚¤•¤¾¤² ¤¤¤°¤¹-¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤°¥¤¤¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¤«¤¨¤¾¤ ¤¹¥¤ ¤®¤¿¤²¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¯¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥‡¤• ¤®¤¾¤¤¤¾-¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¬¤²¤¿ ¤š¤¢¤¼¤¾¤ ¤—¤ ¤¥¥‡ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¸-¤•¤¿¤¸ ¤¦¥‡¤µ¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤•¤¿¤¸-¤•¤¿¤¸ ¤¸¤®¥ƒ¤¦¥¤§¤¿ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤ª¥¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤²¤¿ ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤œ¤¿¤¸ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤µ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¨¤¿¤¯¥‹¤œ¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹, ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤‰¤¸ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤•¤¾ ¤¯¤¾ ¤†¤œ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤§¥¤‚¤§¤²¤¾ ¤ª¤¡¤¼ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¨ ¤¬¤²¤¿ ¤†¤¯¥‹¤œ¤¨¥‹¤‚-¤¸¤®¤¾¤°¥‹¤¹¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤—¥€¤¤-¤¸¤‚¤—¥€¤¤, ¤®¤‚¤¦¤¾¤§¤¤¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤•¤š¥¤š¥€ ¤•¤¨¥¤¯¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¤°¥€¤°¤¹¤°¤£ ¤µ¤¿¤§¤¿¤µ¤¤ ¤¶¤¾¤®¤¿¤² ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¥€ ¤‰¤®¥¤° ¤•¥€ ¤•¤¨¥¤¯¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤¤¥¤®¥€¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¸¤¾¤®¥‚¤¹¤¿¤• ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤°¥¤ ¤¯¥‡ ¤¦¥‹ ¤¹¤œ¤¼¤¾¤° ¤¸¤¾¤² ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¦¥€¤°¥¤˜¤•¤¾¤²¥€¤¨ ¤ª¤¿¤¶¤¾¤š¤¾¤µ¤¸¥¤¥¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤œ ¤­¥€ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤œ¤—¤¹ ¤œ¥€¤µ¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ - ¤¤£¥¤¡¥€¤œ¤¼ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¤¹¤¾¤¡¤¼¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¹¤¤¥¤¯¤¾¤¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤…¤ª¤°¤¾¤§ ¤­¤¾¤µ¤¨¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤¶¤®¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤, ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‹¤•¥‡¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤µ¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¤¾¤° ¤¸¥‡ ¤‰¤¤¥¤ª¤¨¥¤¨ ¤…¤¨¥¤§ ¤†¤°¥¤¥¤¿¤• ¤•¥‚¤ª ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤®¥¤¤¹ ¤›¤¿¤ª¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤µ¤¹ ¤ˆ¤¸¤¾ ¤ª¥‚¤°¥¤µ ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤†¤œ ¤­¥€ ¤œ¥€¤µ¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¬¥‡¤¶¥¤®¤¾¤° ¤•¥¤·¥‡¤¤¥¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤†¤¤¥¤®¥€¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤µ¥¤¯¤•¥¤¤¤¿¤—¤¤ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¸¤®¥‚¤¹¤—¤¤ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤‰¤¤¥¤ª¥€¤¡¤¼¤¨ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥‡ ¤†¤•¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚, ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤®¥Œ¤œ¥‚¤¦ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤œ¥€¤¬-¤…¤œ¥€¤¬ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤…¤¤¥¤¯¤¾¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤¸¥¤®¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤¦¤¹¤• ¤°¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¹¥¤† ¤‰¤¸ ¤¸¥‡ ¤­¥€ ¤”¤° ¤œ¥‹ ¤¹¥‹ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤‰¤¸ ¤¸¥‡ ¤­¥€¥¤ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤­¤µ¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤†¤§¤¾¤°¤¶¤¿¤²¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤¾¤® ¤¹¥‹ - ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¬¤²¤¿, ¤•¥‹¤¢¤¼ ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥€ ¤¬¥€¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤•¤¾ ¤‡¤²¤¾¤œ - ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤²¤¹¥‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥¤¨¤¾¤¨, ¤¨¤ª¥¤‚¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤‡¤²¤¾¤œ - ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤®¥ˆ¤¥¥¤¨, ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤˜¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¥¤²¥‡¤— ¤•¥‡ ¤•¥€¤Ÿ¤¾¤£¥ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ - ¤ª¤¹¤²¥‡ ¤•¥¤› ¤¦¤¿¤¨ ¤¤• ¤¦¥‹ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤ ¤°¤– ¤¦¥‹ ¤ª¤¤¤¾ ¤²¤— ¤œ¤¾¤¤—¤¾¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¨¥€¤¸¤µ¥€¤‚ ¤¸¤¦¥€ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¤ ¤¤¤• ¤‡¤‚¤—¥¤²¥ˆ¤£¥¤¡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¥€ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤°¤¾¤§¥€ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨¥¤¯¤¾¤¯¤˜¤° Old Bailey (¤²¤£¥¤¡¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤‰¤š¥¤š ¤…¤ª¤°¤¾¤§ ¤¨¥¤¯¤¾¤¯¤¾¤²¤¯¥¤ 1539 ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¾¤ª¤¿¤¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¨¥¤¯¤¾¤¯¤¾¤²¤¯ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¤¤¬ ¤­¥€ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¾¤°¤£ ¤œ¤¨ ¤¶¤¾¤®¤¿¤² ¤¹¥‹ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥‡ ¤¥¥‡) ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤²¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤…¤§¤¿¤•¤¤¤° ¤…¤ª¤°¤¾¤§¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤‡¤¸¤²¤¿¤ ¤›¥‹¤¡¤¼ ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¤¾ ¤•¤¿, #39;¤‰¤¸¤¨¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨-¤—¥¤ª¥¤¤ ¤°¥‹¤— ¤•¥‡ ¤‰¤ª¤š¤¾¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤#39; ¤¤• ¤ª¤¾¤¶¥¤š¤¾¤¤¥¤¯ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤®¥‡¤¡¤¿¤•¤² ¤ª¤¾¤ ¥€Œ¤¯ ¤ª¥¤¸¥¤¤¤• ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤²¤¿¤–¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤²¤¾¤¯¤¡ ¤¡¤¿¤®¥‚¤œ¤¼ ¤•¥‡ ¤¤• ¤…¤§¥¤¯¤¯¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¸¤¾¤°, ¤•¤¿ ¤¤• ¤•¥¤‚¤µ¤¾¤°¥€ ¤•¤¨¥¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥€¤² ¤¤¥‹¤¡¤¼¤¨¤¾ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤¸¥€ ¤¬¥€¤®¤¾¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤‰¤ª¤š¤¾¤° ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¥€¤Ÿ-¤ª¥€¤Ÿ ¤•¤° ¤¬¥‡¤¹¥‹¤¶ ¤•¤° ¤¦¥‡¤¨¤¾ ¤¡¤¿¤ª¥¤°¥‡¤¶¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤‡¤²¤¾¤œ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¨¤ª¥¤‚¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¦¥‚¤° ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤…¤¨¥¤§¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤¾¤¸, ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤•¥¤°¥€¤¤¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤•¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤¨¤¾¤¨¥¤¤¤° ¤š¤²¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤•¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤…¤²¤— ¤¦¤¿¤¶¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤š¤²¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤‡¤¸ ¤…¤¨¥¤¤¤° ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¤®¤¤¨¤¾ ¤†¤¸¤¾¤¨ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤‡¤¨¥¤¸¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤¦¥‡¤° ¤¤¤•, ¤®¤§¥¤¯¤¯¥¤— ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤¤¤• ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¨¤¿¤¯¤®¤¨ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤¢¥¤²¤®¥¤² ¤¥¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤µ¥¤¯¤•¥¤¤¤¿¤—¤¤ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¸¥¤¤¤°¤—¤¤ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¤‚¤¸¥€ ¤®¤œ¤¼¤¾¤• ¤•¤¾ ¤µ¤¿¤·¤¯ ¤¸¤®¤¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤°¤®¥¤­¤¿¤• ¤—¥¤°¥€¤• ¤”¤° ¤°¥‹¤®¤¨ ¤¹¤¾¤¸¥¤¯ ¤¨¤¾¤Ÿ¤¿¤•¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤®¤‚¤š ¤ª¤° ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¥€ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤¦¤°¥¤¶¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¤‚¤¸¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¸¤®¤¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤‡¤¸¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤µ¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¥‡ ¤ª¤¡¤¼¥‹¤¸¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤µ¥¤¯¤•¥¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤‰¤ª¤¹¤¾¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤¿¤ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¥¥‡¥¤ ¤ª¥¤²¥‚¤Ÿ¤¾¤°¥¤• (PLUTARCH 67-146 A.D.) ¤¨¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ Morality Essays (MORALIA) ¤•¥‡ ¤¤• ¤²¥‡¤– ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¤¼¤¿¤•¥¤° ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¬¥‡¤Ÿ¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥‡ ¤µ¥¤¯¤•¥¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‹ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¤‚¤— ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤­¥‡¤‚¤Ÿ ¤•¤¿¤ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¤‚¥¤ ¤‰¤¸ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤¸¤¾¤¤ ¤µ¤°¥¤· ¤•¥€ ¤‰¤®¥¤° ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤†¤¦¤¾¤¨-¤ª¥¤°¤¦¤¾¤¨ ¤¸¤¹¤œ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¥€¥¤ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ #39;¤¬¤¾¤²#39; ¤†¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¤¹¤²¥‡ ¤¤¤• ¤‡¤¸ ¤•¤¾¤® ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤œ¤¼¥¤¯¤¾¤¦¤¾ ¤…¤š¥¤›¤¾ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤µ¥‡¤¶¥¤¯¤¾¤˜¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤œ¤¼¤¿¤•¥¤° ¤­¥€ ¤†¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥€ #39;¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¸¥‡¤µ¤¾¤¤‚#39; ¤ª¥ˆ¤¸¤¾ ¤•¤®¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤µ¤¿¤§¤¿¤µ¤¤ ¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯¤¤¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤ª¥¤¤ ¤¸¥‡¤µ¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¥¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤ª¥‡¤Ÿ¥¤°¥‹¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¸ (Petronius A.D. 27-66) ¤•¥‹ ¤°¤š¤¨¤¾¤¶¥€¤²¤¤¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¤°¤® ¤¸¥¤– ¤®¤¿¤²¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤—¤¾ ¤œ¤¬ ¤µ¤¹ ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¤¹¤²¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤š¤¿¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¦¥¤°¥¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤µ¤¾¤¦ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤°¤¹¤¾¥¤ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤¸¥¤¤¤° ¤ª¤° ¤‡¤¸¥‡ ¤š¥€¤¨¥¤¹ ¤•¤° ¤…¤²¤— ¤•¤¿¤ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¸¤¨¥¤§¤¨¤¾¤¤¥¤®¤• ¤¤¤°¥€¤•¥‡ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¥¥‡¥¤ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¾¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¤¤¤¿¤¹¤¾¤¸¤¿¤• ¤š¤°¤¿¤¤¥¤°, ¤§¤°¥¤®¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤²¥‹¤•-¤•¤¥¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤®¤¾¤§¥¤¯¤® ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤–¥¤² ¤•¤° ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤­¤¾¤ˆ ¤¬¤¹¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤§ ¤”¤° ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤®¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ #39;¤®¤¿¤¥#39; ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤¤• ¤˜¤¾¤¤¤• (¤†¤œ ¤•¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¸¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¸¤¾¤°) ¤µ¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¤µ¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤°¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤¤²¤¿¤œ¤¼¤¾¤¬¥‡¤¥ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤® ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤…¤­¤¿¤­¤¾¤µ¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤®¤¿¤¶¥¤° ¤•¥€ ¤°¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤•¥¤²¥€¤¯¥‹¤ª¥‡¤Ÿ¥¤°¤¾ ¤¤• ¤­¤¾¤ˆ-¤¬¤¹¤¨ ¤®¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¤¨¥¤¤¤¾¤¨ ¤¥¥€ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤¸¤¨¥‡ ¤–¥¤¦ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤­¤¾¤ˆ ¤Ÿ¥‹¤²¥‡¤®¥€ XIII (Ptolemy XIII) ¤¸¥‡ ¤µ¤¿¤µ¤¾¤¹ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤®¤¿¤¸¥¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤‡¤¤¤¿¤¹¤¾¤¸ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤­¥€ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤œ¤¬ ¤­¤¾¤ˆ ¤¬¤¹¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤†¤ª¤¸¥€ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤°¤¾¤œ¤¸¥€ ¤‡¤¤¤¿¤¹¤¾¤¸ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¼¤°¥‚¤°¤¤ ¤®¤¾¤¤¥¤° ¤¸¤®¤¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤¸¤¤¥¤¤¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤˜¤°¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¥‡¤¨¥¤¦¥¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤°¤¹¥‡, ¤‡¤¸ ¤²¥‹¤²¥¤ª¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤£¤¾¤® ¤­¥€ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§ ¤¥¥‡¥¤ ¤¦¥‚¤°-¤¦¤°¤¾¤œ¤¼ ¤•¥‡ ¤•¥¤·¥‡¤¤¥¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤œ¤¼¤¿¤•¥¤° ¤­¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤µ ¤¶¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¥€ ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤‡¤¨¥¤•¤¾ ¤²¥‹¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤·¤•¤° ¤‰¤š¥¤š ¤­¥‚¤®¤¿¤§¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¨¥€¤² ¤µ¤°¥¤£¥‹¤‚ (¤°¤¾¤œ¤¸¥€) ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤°¤•¥¤¤¤¸¤¾¤‚¤ (¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤·¤•¤° ¤­¤¾¤ˆ-¤¬¤¹¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚) ¤•¥‡ ¤‰¤¦¤¾¤¹¤°¤£ ¤®¤¿¤²¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ #39;¤¸¤®¤°¤¥ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¦¥‹¤· ¤—¥¤¸¤¾¤ˆ¤‚#39; ¤µ¤¾¤²¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¶¤¾¤¯¤¦ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¥¥€¥¤ ¤µ¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¤• ¤¤¥Œ¤° ¤ª¤° ¤‰¤¨ ¤¸¤¤¥¤¤¤¾¤§¤¾¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤†¤š¤°¤£ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯ ¤§¤°¤¾¤¤¤² ¤ª¤° ¤†¤•¤° ¤µ¤¿¤¶¤¿¤·¥¤Ÿ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤°¤¹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤§¤°¥¤®¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¥‡, ¤²¤—¤­¤— ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤§¤°¥¤®¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤•¤¥¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¥€-¤ª¥¤°¥¤· ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¢¥€¤² ¤¦¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤•¤¾¤°¤£¤µ¤¶ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚, ¤…¤¨¤¾¤¯¤¾¤¸ ¤¹¥€ ¤§¤°¥¤®-¤•¤¥¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¨¤¿¤•¤Ÿ¤¤¤® ¤°¤•¥¤¤¤¸¤¾¤‚¤ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤†¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤—¥¤°¥€¤• ¤®¤¾¤ˆ¤¥¥‰¤²¥‹¤œ¥€ (¤§¤°¥¤®¤•¤¥¤¾¤“¤‚) ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¥‚¤¸ (¤®¥¤–¥¤¯ ¤¦¥‡¤µ¤¤¤¾) ¤”¤° ¤¹¥‡¤°¤¾ ¤­¤¾¤ˆ ¤¬¤¹¤¨ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤ª¤¤¤¿-¤ª¤¤¥¤¨¥€ ¤­¥€¥¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤•¥¤°¥‹¤¨¤¸ ¤”¤° ¤°¥€¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¤¨¥¤¤¤¾¤¨ ¤¥¥‡ ¤œ¥‹ ¤­¤¾¤ˆ-¤¬¤¹¤¨ ¤­¥€ ¤¥¥‡¥¤ ¤Ÿ¤¾¤ˆ¤Ÿ¤¨ ¤®¤¹¤¾¤®¤¾¤¨¤µ¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¯¤¹ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤¾ ¤µ¤¿¤¸¥¤¤¥ƒ¤¤ ¤ª¥ˆ¤®¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤° ¤®¥Œ¤œ¥‚¤¦ ¤¥¥€¥¤ ¤¨¥‹¤°¥¤¸ ¤§¤°¥¤®-¤•¤¥¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤µ¤¨¥€¤° ¤²¥‹¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¯¤¹ ¤ª¥¤°¤š¤²¤¿¤¤ ¤¥¥€¥¤ ¤¬¤¾¤ˆ¤¬¤² ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€, ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤·¤•¤° ¤œ¥ˆ¤¨¥‡¤¸¤¿¤¸ (GENESIS) ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥€ ¤•¤¥¤¾¤¤‚ ¤†¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¤¿¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤µ¤¾¤°¤¿¤• ¤¯¥Œ¤¨-¤ª¤°¤¸¥¤ª¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤‰¤¦¤¾¤¹¤°¤£ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤…¤¬¥¤°¤¾¤¹¤® ¤•¥€ ¤•¤¥¤¾ ¤‡¤¨¥¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤ª¤¾¤°¤¿¤µ¤¾¤°¤¿¤• ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤•¤¥¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤¾¤ˆ¤¬¤² ¤•¥€ ¤¹¥€ Lot ¤•¥€ ¤•¤¥¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤²¥‰¤Ÿ ¤•¥‡ ¤¦¥‹¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤®¥‹¤†¤¬ ¤”¤° ¤¬¥‡¤¨¤¾¤®¥€ ¤‰¤¸¤•¥€ ¤¦¥‹¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¤¨¥¤¤¤¾¤¨ ¤¥¥‡¥¤ Exodus ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤¤¸¥€ ¤•¤¥¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¦¤¸¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¥¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¤¿¤¨¤•¤¾ ¤œ¤¼¤¿¤•¥¤° ¤¯¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤…¤¸¤‚¤—¤¤ ¤¹¥‹¤—¤¾¥¤ ¤¹¤¿¤¨¥¤¦¥‚ ¤§¤°¥¤® ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¯¤¦¥¤¯¤ª¤¿ ¤µ¤°¥¤£ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¸¥¤¥¤¾ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤¸¤‚¤•¥¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¤¤ƒ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¥¤µ¤¤¤ƒ ¤¹¥€ ¤µ¤°¥¤œ¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤° ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤µ¥‡¤¦¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤·¤•¤° ¤‹¤—¤µ¥‡¤¦ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¤¾¤ˆ ¤¬¤¹¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤£¤¯ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤œ¤¼¤¿¤•¥¤° ¤†¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤—¥¤¨¤¿ ¤”¤° ¤…¤¶¥¤µ¤¿¤¨ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¬¤¹¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¥‡¤®¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾-¤ª¥¤¤¥¤°¥€ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤£¤¯ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§ ¤ª¥¤°¤œ¤¾¤ª¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤¸¤¿¤¦¥¤§ ¤•¤¥¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¤¿¤¸¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¥¤°¤œ¤¾¤ª¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‹ ¤¦¤£¥¤¡¤¿¤¤ ¤­¥€ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤‡¤¸ ¤…¤ª¤°¤¾¤§ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤¥¤ ¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯¤¤¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤ª¥¤¤ ¤”¤° ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ ¤¸¤‚¤—¤¤ ¤¯¥‡ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§ ¤¤¤¬ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¥¥‡, ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤‡¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤‚¤¦¤°¥¤­ ¤¹¥€ ¤¸¤®¤¸¥¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤µ¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¤¤¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤®¤§¥¤¯¤¯¥¤— ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤¤¤• ¤ª¥¤°¤š¤²¤¿¤¤ ¤¦¥‡¤µ¤¦¤¾¤¸¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤¾ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤›¤¿¤ª¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤š¥€¤œ¤¼ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¥¥€¥¤ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤‡¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¸¥¤µ¤¿¤§¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤µ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤†¤§¤¾¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤µ¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¤• ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¸¥‡ ¤®¥Œ¤œ¥‚¤¦ ¤°¤¹¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¸¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¥€¤• ¤¯¥‡ ¤•¤¥¤¾¤¯¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤§¤°¥¤®¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤²¥‹¤•¤•¤¥¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¥¤°¤š¥¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤¸¥‡ ¤®¥Œ¤œ¥‚¤¦ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤²¤—¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤§¤°¥¤® ¤”¤° ¤²¥‹¤• ¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¤¥¤¯ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚, ¤•¤¾¤®¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚, ¤µ¤°¥¤œ¤¿¤¤-¤…¤µ¤°¥¤œ¤¿¤¤ ¤—¤¹¤¨ ¤†¤¤¥¤®¤•¤¾¤‚¤•¥¤·¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤†¤¶¥¤°¤¯ ¤¦¥‡¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤°¤¾¤®¤¸¥¤¥¤² ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¨ ¤¸¥¤°¥‹¤¤ ¤¤¤¾¤²¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¤¾¤‚¤•¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤¹¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤›¤µ¤¿ ¤¨¤œ¤¼¤° ¤†¤¨¥‡ ¤²¤—¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤†¤œ ¤¤¤• ¤‡¤¨ ¤¸¥¤®¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤•¥¤·¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤–¥‹¤œ-¤–¥‹¤œ ¤•¤° ¤¹¤® ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤ª ¤•¥‹ ¤¢¥‚¤‚¤¢¤¨¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤²¤—¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤Ÿ¥¤•¤¡¤¼¤¾-¤Ÿ¥¤•¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤›¤µ¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤¬¤Ÿ¥‹¤° ¤•¤° ¤¤• ¤†¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤—¤¢¤¼¤¨¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤²¤—¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤š¤¾¤¹¥‡ ¤œ¤¿¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤°¥‹¤®¤¾¤‚¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤­¥‹¤—¤¾ ¤¹¥‹, ¤¯¤¹ ¤¸¤¤¥¤¯ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¹¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¦¥¤–¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¸ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤µ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤”¤š¤¿¤¤¥¤¯-¤…¤¨¥Œ¤š¤¿¤¤¥¤¯ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤®¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤®¤¾¤¤“¤‚, ¤¬¤¹¤¨¥‹¤‚, ¤¬¥‡¤Ÿ¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚, ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¨¤¿¤•¤Ÿ¤¤¤® ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤œ¤¨¤¿¤¤ ¤¯¤¾¤¤¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤¨¤•¥€ ¤•¤Ÿ¥ ¤¸¥¤®¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤¦¤‚¤¶¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤¤• ¤²¤®¥¤¬¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¤¤°¤¾¤² ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤°¥€¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤œ¤¨¥¤® ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤«¤¿¤° ¤­¥€ ¤…¤¤¤¿¤•¥¤°¤®¤£¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¤® ¤†¤œ ¤­¥€ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¤¤°¤«, ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤¦¥‡¤¶¥‹¤‚, ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¿¤–¤°¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤ª¤¾¤²¤¨ ¤ª¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥‡ ¤¤¤°¥€¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾¤¤‚ ¤®¥¤–¤° ¤¹¥‹¤•¤° ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¶¤¾¤¯¤¦ ¤¯¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾¤¯¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤®¥Œ¤²¤¿¤• ¤ª¥¤°¤µ¥ƒ¤¤¥¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤²¤—-¤…¤²¤— ¤¸¥¤µ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¥‹ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤µ ¤µ¤¿¤•¤¾¤¸ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¬¤¨¤¤¥‡-¤¬¤¦¤²¤¤¥‡ ¤°¤¹¥‡¥¤ ¤ª¤¾¤²¤¨ ¤ª¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥€ ¤¤¸¥€ ¤…¤¨¥‡¤• ¤¦¥ˆ¤¨¤¿¤• ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¥‹ ¤†¤œ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¤¤¿ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¥¤• ¤µ¤¾¤¤¤¾¤µ¤°¤£ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤­¤¾¤·¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤§¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤† ¤œ¤¾¤¯¥‡¤‚¤—¥€ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤• ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤•¤¹¤²¤¾¤¯¥‡¤‚¤—¥€¥¤ ¤•¤ˆ ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¾¤°¤£ ¤”¤° ¤œ¤¨¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤µ¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¤• ¤¤¥Œ¤° ¤ª¤° ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¨ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¤¾¤° ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¦¥¤§ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤›¥‚¤¨¤¾, ¤¸¤¹¤²¤¾¤¨¤¾, ¤¥¤ª¤•¤¨¤¾, ¤®¤¸¤²¤¨¤¾, ¤¯¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¤¤• ¤•¤¿ ¤š¥‚¤®¤¨¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤š¤¾¤Ÿ¤¨¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¿¤•¤Ÿ¤¤¤® ¤²¤¾¤¡¤¼ ¤ª¥¤¯¤¾¤° ¤•¥€ ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¹¥‹ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥€ ¤¥¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¨¤¾¤® ¤²¥‡ ¤²¥‡¤•¤° ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤†¤²¥‹¤¡¤¼¤¿¤¤-¤²¤¾¤²¤¾¤¯¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¤¥ƒ¤¤¥¤µ-¤ª¤¿¤¤¥ƒ¤¤¥¤µ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¹¤¸¤¾¤¸ ¤•¥€ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¨ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¥¤¨¤°¤¾¤µ¥ƒ¤¤¥¤¤¤¿ ¤¥¥€ ¤¯¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤Š¤°¥¤œ¤¾, ¤¶¤•¥¤¤¤¿ ¤¸¤®¥¤ª¤¨¥¤¨¤¤¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤¬¥‹¤§ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤ª¥¤°¥¤· ¤¬¤¾¤²¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¤•¥¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¹¤¸¤¾¤¸ ¤¸¥‡ ¤­¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚, ¤‰¤¤¥¤¤¥‡¤œ¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤•¥¤› ¤œ¤¼¥¤¯¤¾¤¦¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤†¤•¥¤°¤¾¤¨¥¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤°¤– ¤•¤° ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤”¤° ¤¯¤¹ ¤­¥€ ¤¹¥¤† ¤•¤¿ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤…¤§¤¿¤•¤¤¤° ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤¶¥€¤˜¥¤° ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤Š¤°¥¤œ¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤¦¥‹¤·¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤¦¤®¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤¨¥€¤¤¤¿ ¤°¥€¤¤¤¿ ¤¨¤¿¤¶¥¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤²¥‹¤•-¤ª¥¤°¤¯¤¾¤¸ ¤²¤—¤­¤— ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤œ¤—¤¹ ¤°¤¹¤¾¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤ª¤° ¤†¤¤– ¤—¤¢¤¼¤¾ ¤•¤° ¤°¤–¥€ ¤—¤ˆ¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤…¤‚¤•¥¤¶ ¤²¤—¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾, ¤¬¤¿¤¦¥¤§ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾, ¤•¤¾¤Ÿ¤¾-¤ª¥€¤Ÿ¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤ª¥¤°¤œ¤¨¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤®¤¾¤§¥¤¯¤® ¤¸¥‡ ¤œ¤¼¥¤¯¤¾¤¦¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤°¤¹¤¨¥‡ ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¤°¥¤µ¤­¤•¥¤·¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¨¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¥¤°¥‚¤°¤¤¤® ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤•¤°¤£ ¤¹¥¤†¥¤ ¤¯¤¾ ¤«¤¿¤° ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¤¾¤¤¥¤° ¤¬¤¨¤¾¤•¤° ¤ª¥‡¤¶ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾ - ¤•¥‹¤®¤²¤¾¤‚¤—¥€ ¤¯¤¾ ¤…¤‚¤•¤¶¤¾¤¯¤¿¤¨¥€ ¤¸¥‡ ¤Š¤ª¤° ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤‰¤ ¤¨¥‡ ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤‡¤¨¥¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤µ¤¿¤ª¤°¥€¤¤ ¤¦¤¿¤¶¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¾-¤ª¤°¤–¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤ª¤¶¥-¤ª¤•¥¤·¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤¹¤®¥‡¤¶¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤§¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤µ¤¿¤·¤¯ ¤°¤¹¥‡¤—¥€¥¤ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¨¤¾ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤†¤œ ¤­¥€ ¤µ¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¤• ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤š¤²¤¿¤¤ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¥‹¤·¤ª¥‚¤°¥¤£ ¤•¥¤¯¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤•¥¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¼¤¬¤°¤¦¤¸¥¤¤¥€ ¤…¤¤¤¿ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¤¾¤¹ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤—¤²¤¤ ¤®¤¾¤¨ ¤²¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤…¤¸¤¨¥¤¤¥¤²¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤ª¥ˆ¤¦¤¾ ¤•¥€¥¤ ¤†¤¸¤ª¤¾¤¸ ¤•¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤¤¤¾¤µ¤°¤£ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤¦¥‚¤·¤£ ¤«¥ˆ¤²¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤•¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤µ¤¿¤ª¤°¥€¤¤ ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤…¤•¤¾¤®¥¤• ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤•¥¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤œ¤¿¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤œ ¤•¥‡ ¤®¤¨¥Œ¤µ¥ˆ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨¤¿¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤…¤¤¤¿ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¤¾¤¹ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¥¤°¤¦¥‚¤·¤£-¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¤¾ ¤¦¤°¥¤œ¤¼¤¾ ¤¦¥‡ ¤¡¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‰¤¨ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤¨¤œ¤¼¤° ¤¡¤¾¤²¤¨¤¾ ¤œ¤¼¤°¥‚¤°¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¤ˆ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤µ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤° ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¾¤°¤£ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤°¤¹¥€¥¤ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¥‡ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤²¤¿¤‚¤— ¤­¥‡¤¦ ¤•¤¾ ¤§¥¤¯¤¾¤¨ ¤•¤¿¤ ¤¬¤—¥ˆ¤° ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¸¥¤²¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤¾, ¤‡¤•¥¤Ÿ¥€Œ¤ ¥‡ ¤¨¤¹¤¾ ¤²¥‡¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤, ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤‡¤¸ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤›¥‚¤¨¥‡ ¤”¤° ¤›¥¤†¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤¾¤¯¥‡¤‚¥¤ ¤•¤ˆ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤®¥ˆ¤¥¥¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤¶¤¿¤•¥¤·¤£ ¤”¤° ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¥¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤†¤œ ¤¨¤¿¤¤¤¾¤¨¥¤¤ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤•¤ˆ ¤œ¤—¤¹¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤¯¥‡ ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¾¤°¤£ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥‚¤š¥€ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤†¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤ª¥¤°¤¶¤¾¤¨¥¤¤ ¤®¤¹¤¾¤¸¤¾¤—¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤¦¥¤µ¥€¤ª¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤…¤«¥¤°¥€¤•¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤•¤ˆ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¥¤°¤š¤²¤¿¤¤ ¤•¥¤µ¤¾¤‚¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤š¥‚¤®¤š¤¾¤Ÿ ¤•¤° ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤· ¤ª¥¤°¤¯¥‹¤œ¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤¤¥ˆ¤¯¤¾¤° ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤°¥€¤¤¤¿ ¤‰¤¸ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¤• ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¾¤°¤£ ¤¸¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤œ¥‚¤²¥¤œ¤¼ ¤¹¥‡¤¨¤°¥€ ¤¨¥‡ ¤¬¥¤°¤¾¤œ¤¼¥€¤², ¤•¥‹¤²¤®¥¤¬¤¿¤¯¤¾, ¤µ¥‡¤¨¤œ¤¼¥¤¤²¤¾ ¤‡¤¤¥¤¯¤¾¤¦¤¿ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤µ¤¿¤¸¥¤¤¥ƒ¤¤ ¤š¤°¥¤š¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤…¤‚¤— ¤ª¥¤°¤¦¤°¥¤¶¤¨ ¤”¤° ¤ª¤¾¤°¤¸¥¤ª¤°¤¿¤• ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤–¥‡¤²¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¨¤¿¤š¥¤›¥¤• ¤¬¤¨ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤…¤¤¥¤¯¤¾¤§¤¿¤• ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¤¥‡¤œ¤¨¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤°¤¹¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤†¤¦¥€ ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯ ¤°¥€¤¤¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤¾¤¤‚ ¤•¤¹-¤•¤° ¤œ¤¿¤¨ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ ¤­¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥¤µ¥€¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤µ¥‡ ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¥¤·¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤…¤¤¥¤¯¤¨¥¤¤ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤• ¤ª¥¤°¤µ¥ƒ¤¤¥¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥€¤•¤°¤£ ¤®¤¾¤¤¥¤° ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯¤¤¤¾ ¤®¤¿¤²¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¥Œ¤¨ ¤°¥‹¤•¥‡¥¤ ¤œ¤¿¤¨ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤–¥¤²¥‡ ¤¤¥Œ¤° ¤ª¤° ¤–¥‡¤² ¤•¥€ ¤µ¤¸¥¤¤¥ ¤¬¤¨¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥‹, ¤µ¤¹ ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤¤• ¤•¤¾¤®¤œ¤¨¥¤¯ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¸¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤®¤¾¤¤¥ƒ¤¤¥¤µ ¤¯¤¾ ¤ª¤¿¤¤¥ƒ¤¤¥¤µ ¤•¤¾ ¤µ¤¾¤¤¥¤¸¤²¥¤¯ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¥ˆ¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤š¤²¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤‰¤®¥¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥€ ¤›¥¤…¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤­¤¾¤µ ¤¸¤®¤¤¨¥‡ ¤²¤—¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥‡ ¤°¥‹¤®¤¾¤‚¤š ¤¸¥¤– ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤¨¥¤¦¤¾¤œ¤¼¤¾ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤²¤—¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤›¥‚¤•¤° ¤¤¥ƒ¤ª¥¤¤¤¿, ¤¸¥¤– ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤¨¥¤­¤µ ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤­¤¾¤—-¤­¤¾¤— ¤•¤° ¤†¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤†¤²¤¿¤‚¤—¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤¥¤ ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤•¥¤› ¤­¤¾¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤š¥‚¤®¤¨¤¾ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤­¤²¤¾ ¤²¤—¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¤“¤‚, ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾¤“¤‚, ¤¬¤¹¤¨¥‹¤‚, ¤­¤¾¤ˆ¤¯¥‹¤‚, ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¨¤œ¤¼¤¦¥€¤•¥€ ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤š¥‚¤®¤•¤° ¤–¥‚¤¬ ¤–¥¤¶ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤›¥‚¤¨¤¾ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥€ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¸¤¿¤• ¤–¥¤¶¥€/¤µ¤¿¤•¤¾¤¸ ¤•¤¾ ¤¹¤¿¤¸¥¤¸¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¬¤¨¤¤¥‡¥¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤µ¥‡ ¤–¥¤¦ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¤¥‡, ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤°¤µ¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¤¥‡¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¤•¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¤¾ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤¹¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤¾, ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤µ¤¿¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¤µ¤¿¤• ¤¸¤¿¤¦¥¤§¤¾¤‚¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤•¤­¥€ #39;¤¸¥¤µ¤¾¤­¤¾¤µ¤¿¤•#39; ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤²¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥‡¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤®¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¶¤°¥€¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤†¤°¥‹¤ª¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤˜¥‹¤° ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤œ¥‹ ¤¸¤¦¤¾ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¾¤°¤£ ¤µ¤¾¤¤¥¤¸¤²¥¤¯ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤–¥‚¤¬ ¤¸¤®¤¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤‰¤¸¤¸¥‡ ¤­¤¾¤—¤¤¥‡ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤•¤­¥€ ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¹¤® ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¸¥¤µ¤¾¤­¤¾¤µ¤¿¤• ¤ª¥¤°¤µ¥ƒ¤¤¥¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤•¤° ¤°¤¹¥‡ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤•¥‹¤®¤², ¤¸¥¤¨¥¤¦¤° ¤š¥€¤œ¤¼ ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¤¸¥¤¤¤—¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤›¥‚¤¨¤¾-¤ª¤•¤¡¤¼¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤–¥‚¤¬ ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¨¤¿¤—¥¤§¤¤¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¡¥‚¤¬¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤µ¤¹ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤• ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€, ¤«¤¿¤° ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¿¤¶¥¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥€ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¤• ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤• ¤®¤¨¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤¤• ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤• ¤…¤¨¥¤¤¤ƒ ¤ª¥¤°¥‡¤°¤£¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¤¤®¤¾¤® ¤•¥¤‚¤ ¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¥¤¥¤—¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤®¤¨¤¸¥¤¥¤²¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤¤¥‡, ¤µ¥‡ ¤•¤ˆ ¤¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤• ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¶¤°¥¤®¤¾¤ ¤°¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤¡¤°¥‡ ¤°¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤¤¤‚¤•¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥¤ ¤°¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤¦¥‚¤° ¤­¤¾¤—¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤µ¤¾¤‚¤›¤¿¤¤ ¤¢¤‚¤— ¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¤•¤¡¤¼¤¨¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤²¤—¥‡ ¤°¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤¹¤° ¤¹¤¾¤² ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¸¥¤µ¥€¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤†¤µ¤¶¥¤¯¤• ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¤µ¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤œ¤¿¤¨ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¸¥¤µ¥€¤•¥ƒ¤¤-¤…¤¸¥¤µ¥€¤•¥ƒ¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ - ¤¹¤® ¤…¤ª¤¨¤¾ ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤‰¤¨ ¤ª¤° ¤…¤‚¤•¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤•¤° ¤¦¥‡¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤”¤° ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾¤¤‚ ¤ª¤¿¤¶¤¾¤š¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¥‹ ¤­¥‡¤· ¤¬¤¦¤² ¤¬¤¦¤² ¤•¤° ¤†¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¤¿¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¤® ¤–¥¤¦ ¤­¥€ ¤¶¤¾¤¯¤¦ ¤ª¤¹¤š¤¾¤¨ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥‡¥¤ ¤¹¤® ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤• ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¥‡ ¤‡¤¨¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤ª¤° ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤• ¤¹¥‹¤¨¤¾ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤Š¤ª¤°¥€ ¤µ¥¤¯¤¾¤µ¤¹¤¾¤°¤¿¤• ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤­¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€¥¤ ¤¸¥Œ¤‚¤µ¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤° ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤­¥€ ¤ª¤¹¤²¥‡ ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¶¥¤°¥ƒ¤‚¤–¤²¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤ ¤¸¥¤°¥‹¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾ ¤•¤¾¥¤ ¤¸¥Œ¤‚¤µ¥€¤‚ ¤¬¤¾¤° ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤• ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤²¤—¤¤¤¾, ¤ª¤° ¤¸¥¤°¥‹¤¤¤§¤¾¤° ¤µ¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤¹¤® ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤® ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤¸¥‡ ¤œ¥¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¦¥‡¤– ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤ª¤¾ ¤°¤¹¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¥‹, ¤†¤œ ¤œ¤¿¤¨ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¤® ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤• ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¸¤®¤ ¤°¤¹¥‡, ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤µ¤¹ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤® ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤•¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤® ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤¤• ¤ª¤² ¤¯¤¾ ¤¤• ¤˜¤¡¤¼¥€ ¤²¤®¥¤¬¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤µ¤¹ ¤‰¤¸ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤…¤¸¥¤¤¤¿¤¤¥¤µ, ¤¨¤ ¤•¥‹¤°¥‡ ¤…¤¸¥¤¤¤¿¤¤¥¤µ ¤•¥‹ ¤…¤‚¤•¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤° ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤²¤«¥¤°¥‡¤¡ ¤•¤¿¤¨¥¤œ¤¼¥€ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ 1950 ¤•¥‡ ¤¤• ¤…¤§¥¤¯¤¯¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¸¤¾¤° ¤ª¤¾¤‚¤š ¤®¤¹¥€¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤‰¤®¥¤° ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤­¤¿¤œ¥¤ž ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤²¤—¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤®¤¾¤§¥¤¯¤® ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤—¥¤°¤¹¤£ ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¤¾ ¤¤¤°¥€¤•¤¾ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤°¥¤œ¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤µ¤¹ ¤‰¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤²¤®¥¤¬¥‡ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤¤¤• ¤µ¤¿¤•¤¸¤¿¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤‰¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤”¤° ¤…¤¨¥¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤¬¥‹¤§ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¤¾¤‚¤š ¤µ¤°¥¤· ¤•¥€ ¤†¤¯¥ ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤¸¤®¤ ¤†¤¨¥‡ ¤²¤—¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¸¤²¤¿¤ ¤”¤° ¤­¥€ ¤†¤µ¤¶¥¤¯¤• ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¥ˆ¤¦¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤†¤­¤¾¤¸¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤¤¥¤¤¥‡¤œ¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¤¾¤¹¤°¥€ ¤¹¤¸¥¤¤¤¾¤•¥¤·¥‡¤ª¥‹¤‚ (¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶¥‹¤‚) ¤¸¥‡ ¤¦¥‚¤·¤¿¤¤ ¤¨ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¥¤ ¤…¤œ¥€¤¬-¤…¤œ¥€¤¬ ¤¤¤°¥€¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¤® ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¤¸¥€ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¥¤•¤¤¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤­¤° ¤¦¥‡¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¤¿¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¤¤° ¤¦¥‡¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¸ ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤• ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤¨¤•¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤ª ¤‰¤¤¥¤¤¤° ¤–¥‹¤œ¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤¯¤¾¤¸ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤°¤¹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤¦¥‹¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤¤¤°¤« ¤¸¥‡ ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¦¥¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨¤¿¤°¤¾¤¶ ¤•¤°¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¸¥€ ¤¨¤¿¤°¤¾¤¶ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¥¤• ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤†¤°¥¤¥¤¿¤• ¤”¤° ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤¸¤‚¤°¤š¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤­¤¿¤¨¥¤¨¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤•¤¾¤°¤£ ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤²¤— ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤…¤²¤—-¤…¤²¤— ¤­¥‚¤­¤¾¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¾¤«¥€ ¤­¤¿¤¨¥¤¨ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤œ¤¬ ¤¹¤® ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤¥¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤ ¤—¤ ¤…¤§¥¤¯¤¯¤¨ ¤”¤° ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤¤¥‹ ¤²¤—¤¤¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤¿ ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤…¤¨¥¤¤¤° ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¦¥‚¤° ¤¸¥‡ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¨¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¤¥€¤¨ ¤­¤¿¤¨¥¤¨ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤‚ - ¤­¤¾¤°¤¤, ¤…¤®¥‡¤°¤¿¤•¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤…¤«¥¤°¥€¤•¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤·¤•¤° ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥‡ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤š¥Œ¤‚¤•¤¾ ¤¦¥‡¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤…¤¨¥¤¤¤° ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤†¤°¥¤¥¤¿¤• ¤¸¤®¥¤ª¤¨¥¤¨¤¤¤¾ ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤®¤¨¤®¤¾¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤µ¤¸¤° ¤¦¥‡¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤š¥‡¤¤ ¤­¥€ ¤•¤°¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¶¤¿¤•¥¤·¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤¸¤‚¤¸¤¾¤§¤¨ ¤¤• ¤¸¤‚¤µ¤¾¤¦ ¤œ¤¾¤°¥€ ¤°¤–¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤“¤° ¤–¥¤²¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤¤š¥€¤¤ ¤•¤° ¤¸¤•¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤®¤¾¤¹¥Œ¤² ¤¬¤¨¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤®¥€¤¡¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤²¥‹¤²¥¤ª¤¤¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤²¥‹¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤…¤¨¥‡¤•¤¾¤¨¥‡¤• ¤²¤¾¤²¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¤¿¤•¤¾¤° ¤¬¤¨¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤µ¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨ ¤ª¥¤°¤¸¤¾¤°¤£ ¤•¤¾ ¤¤• ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¨ ¤­¥€ ¤®¥€¤¡¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤¨¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤• ¤¤¥¤²¤¨¤¾¤¤¥¤®¤• ¤µ¤¿¤µ¥‡¤• ¤œ¤¾¤—¥ƒ¤¤ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¤‚¤¤¥¤²¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤†¤•¤¾¤‚¤•¥¤·¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤¬¤¢¤¼¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¯¤¹ ¤ ¥€¤• ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¹¤° ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤‰¤¸¥€ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤­¤¾¤µ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¤¼¤¿¤¨¥¤¦¤—¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤š¤²¤¤¥€¥¤ ¤ª¤°¥‹¤•¥¤· ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤•, ¤¶¥ˆ¤•¥¤·¤¿¤• ¤”¤° ¤¸¥¤µ¤¾¤¸¥¤¥¥¤¯ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥€ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¨ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¹¤° ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤¨ ¤°¤¹ ¤•¤° ¤­¥€ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤¦¥‡¤¶¤¿¤¤-¤¸¤‚¤š¤¾¤²¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤­¤¾¤°¤¤ ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥€ ¤®¤¾¤§¥¤¯¤® ¤†¤°¥¤¥¤¿¤• ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¤¼¤°¥‚¤°¤¤ ¤¸¥‡ ¤œ¤¼¥¤¯¤¾¤¦¤¾ ¤¦¤¿¤–¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¸¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¬¤¨ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤®¤§¥¤¯¤µ¤°¥¤— ¤•¥€ ¤µ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤­¥€ ¤¯¤¹ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¸¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤°¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¥¤£¥¤ ¤¾¤¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤µ¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤œ¤¨¥¤® ¤²¥‡¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¨ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¥‡ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤•¤¿ ¤¹¤° ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¼¤°¥‚¤°¤¤¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤ª¥‚¤°¤¾ ¤•¤° ¤¸¤•¥‡¤‚¥¤ ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨ ¤ª¥¤°¤¸¤¾¤° ¤•¥€ ¤†¤µ¤¶¥¤¯¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤‰¤¨ ¤†¤µ¤¶¥¤¯¤•¤¤¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¤• ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤ª¤°¥‹¤•¥¤· ¤”¤° ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¥¤¯¤•¥¤· ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¯¤¹¤¾¤ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¤µ¤¿¤• ¤…¤¨¥¤¤¤° ¤°¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤ª¤°¥‹¤•¥¤· ¤‡¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤¶¤•¥¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¾¤²¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ ¤•¥€ ¤†¤¨¥¤¤¤°¤¿¤• ¤¶¤•¥¤¤¤¿ ¤‡¤¨¥¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤ª¤°¥‹¤•¥¤· ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤Ÿ¤¿¤•¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤®¥‚¤²¥¤¯ ¤š¤¾¤¹¥‡ ¤¨¥ˆ¤¤¤¿¤• ¤¹¥‹¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤•, ¤†¤°¥¤¥¤¿¤• ¤¸¤‚¤•¤Ÿ ¤•¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤¤¤¾¤µ¤°¤£ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¨ ¤¬¤¨¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤¨ ¤Ÿ¤¿¤•¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤­¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤•¥€ ¤¸¤‚¤•¤Ÿ¥‹¤‚ ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¤¾ ¤¤• ¤¸¤‚¤•¤Ÿ ¤¬¤¨¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤‡¤•¥¤Ÿ¥€Œ¤ ¥‡ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤¤• ¤¹¤¾¤¸¥¤¯¤¾¤¸¥¤ª¤¦ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤¬¤¨ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤µ¤¿¤·¤¯ ¤ª¤° ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‡ 1950-60 ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤¹¥€ ¤•¤¿¤ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤²¤—¥‡¥¤ ¤ ¥€¤• ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¯¤œ¤¼¤¾ ¤¤¥‹ 1975-80 ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥¤†¥¤ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤¸¥€ ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤¥¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ ¤­¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤ª¤° ¤•¤¾¤® ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤­¤¾¤°¤¤ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¾¤«¥€ ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤¥¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤µ¥¤¯¤•¥¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤« ¤®¤¹¤¤¥¤µ¤ª¥‚¤°¥¤£ ¤¢¤‚¤— ¤¸¥‡ ¤§¥¤¯¤¾¤¨ ¤¦¤¿¤²¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤¾¤® ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤—¥¤°¥‡¤¸ ¤ª¥‚¤° (Grace Poore) ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¸¤‚¤ª¤¾¤¦¤¿¤¤ The Children We Sacrifice ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤¨¥¤¸¤¾¤° : 1997 ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤¾¤•¥¤·¥€ ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤¥¤¾¤¨ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¦¤¿¤²¥¤²¥€ ¤•¥€ 350 ¤¸¥¤•¥‚¤²¥€ ¤›¤¾¤¤¥¤°¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤°¥¤µ¥‡¤•¥¤·¤£ ¤¸¥‡ ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¤ ¤¹¥¤† ¤•¤¿ 63 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¤¾¤°¤¿¤µ¤¾¤°¤¿¤• ¤¸¤¦¤¸¥¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤¹¥¤†¥¤ ¤‡¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ 25 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¤¾ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤¹¥¤†¥¤ ¤²¤—¤­¤— 33 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ - ¤¤• ¤¤¤¿¤¹¤¾¤ˆ ¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¹¤¾ ¤•¤¿ ¤‰¤¨¤•¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ - ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾¤“¤‚, ¤¦¤¾¤¦¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤ª¤¾¤°¤¿¤µ¤¾¤°¤¿¤• ¤¸¤¦¤¸¥¤¯¥‹¤‚-¤®¤¿¤¤¥¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¹¥¤†¥¤ 1999 ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤Ÿ¤¾¤Ÿ¤¾ ¤‡¤‚¤¸¥¤Ÿ¥€¤Ÿ¥€Œ¤¯¥‚¤Ÿ ¤‘¤«¤¼ ¤¸¥‹¤¶¤² ¤¸¤°¥¤µ¤¿¤¸¤¿¤œ¤¼ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ 1994-95 ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤®¥¤®¥¤¬¤ˆ ¤•¥€ 150 ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤§¥¤¯¤¯¤¨ ¤…¤¨¥¤¸¤¾¤° 58 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤²¥¤ª¤¾¤¯¥ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤¦¤¸ ¤µ¤°¥¤· ¤•¥€ ¤‰¤®¥¤° ¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¤¹¤²¥‡ ¤¹¥¤†, 58 ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ 50 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤µ¤¾¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¦¤¸¥¤¯ ¤¹¥€ ¤¥¥‡¥¤ 1997 ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¤¿¤²¥¤²¥€ ¤®¥‡¤‚ (RAAHI) ¤°¤¾¤¹¥€ ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤¥¤¾¤¨ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¦¤¿¤²¥¤²¥€, ¤®¥¤®¥¤¬¤ˆ, ¤•¤²¤•¤¤¥¤¤¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤—¥‹¤† ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤°¤¹¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥€ 1000 ¤®¤§¥¤¯¤µ¤°¥¤—¥€¤¯ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤š¥¤š¤µ¤°¥¤—¥€¤¯ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤§¥¤¯¤¯¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¿ ¤‡¤¨¤®¥‡¤‚ 76 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥‹ ¤š¥¤•¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤‡¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ 71 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤µ¤¾¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¦¤¸¥¤¯ ¤¨¥‡ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¨¤¿¤•¤Ÿ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤¬¥ˆ¤‚¤—¤²¥‹¤° ¤•¥€ ¤¤• ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤¥¤¾ #39;¤¸¤‚¤µ¤¾¤¦#39; ¤…¤¨¥¤¸¤¾¤° 1996 ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¤¾¤ˆ ¤¸¥¤•¥‚¤² ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¤¢¤¼¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥€ ¤›¤¾¤¤¥¤°¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤®¤¾¤²¥‚¤® ¤¹¥¤† ¤•¤¿ 47 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤•¤¾ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤¹¥‹ ¤š¥¤•¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤ª¤¿¤‚¤•¥€ ¤µ¤¿¤°¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤¨¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¹¤¯¥‹¤—¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¤• ¤…¤§¥¤¯¤¯¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ 1985 ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¿ 30 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤”¤°¤¤¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¦¤¸ ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤†¤¦¤®¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤¹¥‹ ¤š¥¤•¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤¯¤¹ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¤¶¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¤¤¥¥¤¯ ¤­¤²¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤‚, ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤¤¤¥¥¤¯ ¤¯¥‡ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤‰¤¨ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤…¤¬ ¤¤¤• ¤–¥¤² ¤•¤° ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥‹, ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤¤• ¤Š¤ª¤°¥€ ¤¤¤¸¥¤µ¥€¤° ¤œ¤¼¤°¥‚¤° ¤¦¤¿¤–¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¨¤¿¤¶¥¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥€ ¤¸¤®¤¸¥¤¯¤¾ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤—¤®¥¤­¥€¤° ¤”¤° ¤—¤¹¤°¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤®¤°¥€¤•¥€ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤ ¤¦¤¿¤¨ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤†¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¬¤¦¤²¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¤¤¥¥¤¯ ¤•¥¤› ¤‡¤¸ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¤¾¤° ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤²¤—¤­¤— 62 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤”¤° 31 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤ª¥¤°¥¤· ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹ ¤š¥¤•¥‡ ¤¥¥‡¥¤ ¤‡¤¨¤®¥‡¤‚ 20 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤•¥‹ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¹¥¤†¥¤ ¤²¤—¤­¤— ¤¬¥€¤¸ ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¨¤¿¤•¤Ÿ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¹¥¤†¥¤ ¤²¤—¤­¤— 55 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤®¤¾¤¤“¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¹¥¤†¥¤ ¤¯¤¹ 2002 ¤•¥‡ ¤°¤¾¤·¥¤Ÿ¥¤°¥€¤¯ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤…¤«¥¤°¥€¤•¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤˜¤°¥‡¤²¥‚ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¤¿¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤¯¥‹¤°¥‹¤ª ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤µ¤¿¤•¤¸¤¿¤¤ ¤¦¥‡¤¶¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¥¤² ¤®¤¿¤²¤¾¤•¤° ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¯¥¤—¤¾¤‚¤¡¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ 46 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤, ¤¤¤¨¥¤œ¤¼¤¾¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ 60 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤, ¤•¥‡¤¨¥¤¯¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ 45 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤”¤° ¤œ¤¼¤¾¤®¥¤¬¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ 45 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤˜¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¤¿¤¯¥‡ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤«¤¿¤° ¤µ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤‰¤¸¤•¥€ ¤¸¤¹¥€ ¤¤¤¸¥¤µ¥€¤° ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤†¤¤¥€ ¤”¤° ¤•¥¤› ¤¤¸¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤¥¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¤¿¤¨¥¤¹¥‡ ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤—¤¿¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤˜¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤¤• ¤—¤¾¤‚¤µ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤¤¤š¥€¤¤ ¤•¥‡ ¤¦¥Œ¤°¤¾¤¨ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¿ 70 ¤ª¥¤°¤¤¤¿¤¶¤¤ ¤®¤¾¤¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¬¥‡¤Ÿ¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¶¤¾¤¦¥€ ¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¤¹¤²¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§ ¤°¤–¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤®¤œ¤¬¥‚¤° ¤•¤°¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¤• ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¸¥¤ª¤·¥¤Ÿ ¤¤¥Œ¤° ¤ª¤° ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤µ¤¹ ¤¯¤¹ ¤•¤¿ ¤¬¤¾¤¹¤°¥€ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤¤¥¤²¤¨¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤•¤® ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤§¤¿¤•¤¤¤° ¤ª¤¤¤¾ ¤²¤—¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤° ¤¦¤£¥¤¡¤¿¤¤ ¤­¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤˜¤°¥‡¤²¥‚ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤°¥€ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤–¥¤²¥‡¤†¤® ¤ª¤¤¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤š¤²¤¤¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤¦¥‹¤·¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤…¤§¤¿¤•¤¤¤° ¤¦¤£¥¤¡ ¤®¤¿¤²¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤¶¥¤¨ ¤¹¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤¨¤¿¤•¤Ÿ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤œ¥‡¤² ¤•¥Œ¤¨ ¤­¥‡¤œ¥‡¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤®¥¤‚¤¹ ¤•¥Œ¤¨ ¤•¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤•¤°¤¾¤¯¥‡¥¤ ¤œ¥€¤µ¤¨ ¤•¥‹¤¯¤²¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤° ¤­¥€ ¤®¥¤‚¤¹ ¤•¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¥¤ ¤«¥¤°¥‰¤¯¤¡ ¤¨¥‡ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¨¥€¤¸¤µ¥€¤‚ ¤¸¤¦¥€ ¤•¥‡ ¤¤¥€¤¸¤°¥‡ ¤ª¤¹¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤•¥¤› ¤•¤¹ ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤µ¤¹ ¤¶¤¾¤¯¤¦ ¤ª¤¹¤²¤¾ ¤µ¥¤¯¤•¥¤¤¤¿ ¤¥¤¾ ¤œ¤¿¤¸¤¨¥‡ ¤–¥¤² ¤•¤° ¤•¤¹¤¾ ¤¥¤¾ ¤•¤¿ ¤¹¤¿¤¸¥¤Ÿ¥€¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¬¥€¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤‰¤¸¤•¥‡ ¤•¥¤› ¤®¤°¥€¤œ¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤‡¤¸¤²¤¿¤ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤…¤¤¥¤¯¤¾¤š¤¾¤° ¤¹¥¤† ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤¦¤®¤¿¤¤ ¤¸¥¤®¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤š¤²¤•¤° ¤¹¤¿¤¸¥¤Ÿ¥€¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤²¥‡ ¤—¤ˆ¥¤ ¤«¥¤°¥‰¤¯¤¡ ¤¨¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤–¥¤¦ ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤®¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤¾¤«¤¼ ¤•¤¹¤¾ ¤•¤¿ ¤µ¥‡ ¤•¤²¥¤ª¤¨¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤¥‡¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¦¤®¤¿¤¤ ¤¸¥¤®¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥¤ª¤·¥¤Ÿ ¤¯¤¾¤¦ ¤¥¤¾ ¤•¤¿ ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥€ ¤†¤¯¤¾ ¤¨¥‡ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤š¤¾¤° ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤¯¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¤¤• ¤•¤¿ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤®¤¾¤¸¤¿¤• ¤°¤•¥¤¤¤¸¥¤°¤¾¤µ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¨¤¹¤²¤¾¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤µ¤¹ ¤¬¥‡¤¹¤¦ ¤­¥‹¤‚¤¦¥‚ ¤¥¥‡ ¤”¤° ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥‡ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‹¤‚¤¨¥‡ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤¹¤¾¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤µ¤¹ ¤š¥‚¤• ¤—¤ ¤¥¥‡, ¤µ¤¹ ¤‰¤¸ ¤œ¤®¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¥¤· ¤¸¤¤¤¾¤¤¥¤®¤• ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¸¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤¥¥€ ¤”¤° ¤«¥¤°¥‰¤¯¤¡ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¤¾ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤µ¤¿¤•¤¾¤¸ ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤¿¤¦¥¤§¤¾¤‚¤¤ ¤­¥€¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‹¤‚¤¨¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¥€ ¤¦¥‹¤· ¤¦¥‡ ¤¡¤¾¤²¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤•¤¹¤¾ ¤•¤¿ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤¸¥¤µ¤¯¤‚ ¤‡¤¨ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤•¤°¥¤·¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤‰¤¸¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¢¥‚¤¤¢ ¤²¥‡¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¥¤°¥‹¤¤¥¤°¥¤ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤¸¤¨ ¤”¤° ¤®¤¿¤²¤Ÿ ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤®¤¨¥Œ¤µ¥ˆ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨¤¿¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¹¤¾ ¤•¤¿ ¤«¥¤°¥‰¤¯¤¡ ¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¸ ¤•¥€ ¤•¤®¥€ ¤•¥‡ ¤•¤¾¤°¤£ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¸¤¬ ¤•¤¹¤¾¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤®¤•¤¾¤²¥€¤¨ ¤œ¥¤‚¤— ¤­¥€ ¤‡¤¸ ¤®¤¾¤®¤²¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤š¥¤ª ¤°¤¹¥‡¥¤ ¤«¤¿¤° ¤­¥€ ¤«¥¤°¥‰¤¯¤¡ ¤•¤¾ ¤¯¥‹¤—¤¦¤¾¤¨ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤®¤¹¤¤¥¤µ¤ª¥‚¤°¥¤£ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤¦ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥‡ ¤®¤¹¤¾¤¸¤®¥¤¦¥¤° ¤•¤¾ ¤®¤‚¤¥¤¨ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤¹¥‹ ¤—¤¯¤¾¥¤ ¤®¤¨¥‹¤µ¥ˆ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨¤¿¤• ¤¦¥ƒ¤·¥¤Ÿ¤¿¤•¥‹¤£ ¤†¤œ ¤­¥€ ¤‡¤¸ ¤•¥¤·¥‡¤¤¥¤° ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¥‚¤•¥¤·¥¤® ¤¦¤°¥¤¶¤• ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤µ¤¿¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨ ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¤¾¤°¤£¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤“¤° ¤«¥ˆ¤²¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤ª¥¤°¤¦¥‚¤·¤£ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¥‹ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¤µ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤¾¤°¤£ ¤¬¤¨¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¤¶¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¹¤¸¥¤¤¤¾¤•¥¤·¥‡¤ª ¤‡¤¸¥€¤²¤¿¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤•¥¤·¥‡¤¤¥¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¾¤«¥€ ¤•¤¾¤°¤—¤° ¤¸¤¾¤¬¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤¨¥¤¤¥¤²¤¿¤¤ ¤ª¥¤°¤¯¤¾¤¸ ¤†¤œ ¤­¥€ ¤‰¤¨ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‰¤¤¤¨¥‡ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹ ¤°¤¹¥‡ ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤‡¤¸ ¤µ¤¿¤·¤¯ ¤ª¤° ¤–¥¤² ¤•¤° ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤¤• ¤¨¥ˆ¤¤¤¿¤• ¤¤¿¤¤• ¤ª¥ˆ¤¦¤¾ ¤•¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤”¤° ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¶¤¿¤•¥¤·¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤•¥¤·¥‡¤¤¥¤° ¤‡¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤¨¤›¥¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¤¸¥€ ¤¹¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ ¤­¥€ ¤†¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤• ¤µ¤¿¤¸¥¤«¥‹¤Ÿ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¤¿¤¸¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¾¤°¤£ ¤¸¤®¤¤¬¥‚¤ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¤°¤–¤š¥‡ ¤‰¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤¦¤¿¤¯¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤‡¤§¤°-¤‰¤§¤° ¤¬¤¿¤–¤°¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤®¥‚¤²¥¤¯ ¤¤¥ƒ¤£¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤‡¤•¥¤Ÿ¥€Œ¤ ¤¾ ¤•¤°¤•¥‡ ¤¤• ¤¸¤®¥‚¤š¥€ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤š¥‡¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤š¤¿¤¤¥¤° ¤¬¤¨¤¾ ¤ª¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤¤• ¤…¤¸¤®¤‚¤œ¤¸ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤ª¥ˆ¤¦¤¾ ¤•¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¤¶¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤®¤¨¥‹¤µ¥ˆ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨¤¿¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤²¥‡¤·¤£ ¤”¤° ¤¸¤¿¤¦¥¤§¤¾¤‚¤¤ ¤—¥¤°¤¨¥¤¥ ¤†¤® ¤†¤¦¤®¥€ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤®¥¤ª¤°¥¤• ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‰¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤†¤¤¥‡ ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¤¥¤¯ ¤†¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤µ¤¿¤·¤¯ ¤ª¤° ¤¤• ¤µ¤¿¤ª¥¤² ¤¸¤¾¤®¤—¥¤°¥€ ¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¤¥¤¯ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤®¤¿¤²¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‰¤ª¤¨¥¤¯¤¾¤¸, ¤•¤¥¤¾, ¤†¤¤¥¤®¤•¤¥¤¾, ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤®¤°¤£, ¤œ¥€¤µ¤¨¥€ ¤¤¤¥¤¾ ¤…¤¨¥¤¯ ¤µ¤¿¤§¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‡¤¨¥¤¦¥¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤š¤¿¤¤¥¤°¤£ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤¶¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤­¥€ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¤¿¤¦¥¤§¤¾¤‚¤¤ ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤®¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤µ¤¿¤¸¥¤¤¥ƒ¤¤ ¤…¤µ¤¸¤°-¤­¥‚¤®¤¿ ¤®¤¿¤²¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¤¥¤¯ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¸¤®¤¸¥¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¥€¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤¬¥€¤š ¤¸¥‡ ¤—¥¤œ¤¼¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤˜¤Ÿ¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤µ¤¹¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚, ¤œ¥‹ ¤˜¤Ÿ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤‰¤¸ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤¨¥¤¦¥‡¤¶¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤®¤¿¤²¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤®¥¤­¤¾¤µ¤¨¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¤• ¤¤¤¿¤•¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¤š ¤•¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤²¤®¥¤¬¤¾¤ˆ, ¤—¤¹¤°¤¾¤ˆ ¤”¤° ¤Š¤š¤¾¤ˆ ¤¨¤¾¤ª ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¤‚¤•¤°¥€ ¤œ¥€¤µ¤¨ ¤µ¥€¤¥¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤—¥¤œ¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥¤, ¤¸¤®¥¤­¤¾¤µ¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤µ¤¿¤¸¥¤¤¤¾¤° ¤œ¤¿¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¤¥¤¯ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥‹ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤¶¤¾¤¯¤¦ ¤”¤° ¤œ¤—¤¹ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤ª¤¶¥¤š¤¿¤® ¤®¥‡¤‚, ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤·¤•¤° ¤…¤®¥‡¤°¤¿¤•¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¤œ¤¼¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¯¥¤µ¤¾ ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤· ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¸¥‡ ¤†¤µ¤°¥¤£¤¿¤¤ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¤®¥‡¤Ÿ¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥¤ˆ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤®¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¯¥‡ ¤µ¥¤¯¤¥¤¾ ¤•¤¥¤¾¤¤‚ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤· ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤¸¤¾¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤”¤° ¤µ¤¿¤¤¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¹¤® ¤•¥¤› ¤¹¥€ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤µ¤¿¤–¥¤¯¤¾¤¤ ¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤¾¤ ¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤š¤¯ ¤•¤°¤µ¤¾ ¤°¤¹¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¯¥‡ ¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤˜¤°-¤˜¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤•¥¤› ¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤ª¤¾¤ ¥€Œ¤¯¤•¥¤°¤®¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¹¤¿¤¸¥¤¸¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤¬¤¨¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¥ˆ¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥‡ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¹¤® ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ - ¤–¥¤²¤•¤°, ¤¹¤° ¤œ¤—¤¹ ¤¬¥ˆ¤ ¤•¤°, ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥‡ ¤¤¤®¤¾¤® ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¸¤¿¤° ¤‰¤ ¤¾¤•¤° ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤†¤œ ¤­¥€ ¤¦¤¬¥€ ¤œ¤¼¤¬¤¾¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤²¥‹¤— ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤•¤¹¤¨¥‡ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¸¥¤¨¤¨¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¶¤°¥¤® ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤œ¤¼¥¤¯¤¾¤¦¤¾¤¤¤° ¤—¤¾¤²¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‡¤¨¥¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¥¤¤¥¤¸¤¿¤¤ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤­¤°¤ª¥‚¤° ¤œ¤¼¤¿¤•¥¤° ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¯¥‡ ¤—¤¾¤²¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤¤¸¥€ ¤†¤µ¤¾¤œ¤¼¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¤¿¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥¤¨¤•¤° ¤¹¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¥¤› ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤¨ ¤—¥¤¸¥¤¸¥‡ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¶¤°¥¤® ¤¸¥‡ ¤š¥‡¤¹¤°¥‡ ¤²¤¾¤² ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤¨ ¤®¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¤¾¤—¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤‡¤¸ ¤—¤¾¤²¥€-¤—¤²¥Œ¤š ¤•¥‡ ¤–¤¿¤²¤¾¤«¤¼ ¤•¤¾¤°¥¤¯¤µ¤¾¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥€ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¥¤ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤¾¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¨¤¾¤®¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤–¥¤²¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤¯¥‹¤— ¤¶¤°¥¤® ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥‡¤·¤•¤° ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¤¾ ¤œ¤¼¤¿¤•¥¤° ¤¶¤°¥¤® ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤†¤¸¤ª¤¾¤¸ ¤«¥ˆ¤²¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤—¤°¤² ¤•¥‹ ¤š¥¤ª¤š¤¾¤ª ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤£¥¤ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤§¤¾¤°¤£ ¤•¤°¤•¥‡ ¤†¤¤–¥‡¤‚ ¤®¥‚¤‚¤¦ ¤•¤° ¤¸¤¬ ¤¶¤‚¤•¤° ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤•¥€ ¤˜¤°-¤˜¤° ¤œ¤¾¤•¤° ¤š¥¤—¤²¥€ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤¨¤¾¤°¤¦ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤®¤¿¤²¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤…¤¶¤•¥¤¤ ¤”¤° ¤®¤¾¤¸¥‚¤® ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤“¤° ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¦¥¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¨¤¿¤¡¤° ¤¹¥‹¤•¤°, ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤ª¥€¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤•¤¹ ¤¸¤•¥‡¤‚, ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤®¤¾¤¹¥Œ¤² ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤®¤¿¤²¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤®¤¾¤-¤¬¤¹¤¨, ¤­¤¾¤ˆ, ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾, ¤š¤¾¤š¤¾, ¤¤¤¾¤Š, ¤Ÿ¥€¤š¤°, ¤ª¤¡¤¼¥‹¤¸¥€ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥€ ¤•¥‹ ¤†¤¤–¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤¤–¥‡¤‚ ¤¡¤¾¤² ¤•¤° ¤¬¤¤¤¾ ¤¸¤•¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¿ ¤ª¤¿¤›¤²¥€ ¤°¤¾¤¤, ¤ª¤¿¤›¤²¥‡ ¤¦¤¿¤¨, ¤ª¤¿¤›¤²¥‡ ¤®¤¹¥€¤¨¥‡, ¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¤° ¤°¤¾¤¤, ¤¹¤° ¤¦¤¿¤¨ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤•¥Œ¤¨ ¤•¥¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤° ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤¿¤° ¤‰¤ ¤¾ ¤•¤° ¤•¤¹ ¤¸¤•¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¿ ¤œ¤¿¤¸¥‡ ¤µ¤¹ ¤…¤‚¤•¤² ¤•¤¹¤¤¤¾/¤•¤¹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤‰¤¸¤¨¥‡ ¤‰¤¸ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤•¥¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾¥¤ #39;¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤¥‚¤ ¤¬¥‹¤²¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚#39; ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¦¥¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¬¥¤°¤¹¥¤®¤¾¤¸¥¤¤¥¤° ¤¯¤¾ ¤µ¥‡¤¦ ¤•¤¾¤µ¥¤¯ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤®¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤˜¤¾¤¤ ¤²¤—¤¾¤¯¥‡ ¤¬¥ˆ¤ ¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤¾¤¸ ¤•¤¾ ¤˜¤° ¤•¤š¥¤š¥€ ¤®¤¿¤Ÿ¥¤Ÿ¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¹¤° ¤°¥‹¤œ¤¼ ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤—¤¿¤°¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤¦¤¿¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤ˆ ¤¬¤¾¤° ¤—¤¿¤°¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¶¤¿¤•¤¾¤¯¤¤ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤•¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤°¥‡¤‚¥¤ ¤¬¤¾¤¤-¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤ª¤° ¤¤¿¤¡¤¼¤•¥€ ¤–¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤¨¤‚¤—¥‡ ¤¹¥‹¤•¤° ¤•¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤¦¤¿¤–¤¾¤¤‚ ¤•¤¿ ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤œ¤¿¤¸¥¤® ¤•¤¿¤¤¤¨¥‡ ¤œ¤¼¤–¥¤®¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤®¤¾¤¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¥‚¤ ¤¨ ¤š¤¾¤Ÿ¤¤¥‡-¤š¤¾¤Ÿ¤¤¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚/¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤®¤°¥‡ ¤¬¤°¤¾¤¬¤° ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥¤ˆ ¤¬¤¹¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤¹¤° ¤¹¤°¤•¤¤ ¤­¤¾¤ˆ ¤•¥‹ ¤œ¤¼¤¹¤° ¤¦¤¿¤–¤¾¤ˆ ¤¦¥‡¤¨¥‡ ¤²¤—¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥€ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¹¥€ ¤‰¤®¥¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤­¤¾¤ˆ ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤¹¥‡ ¤•¤¿ ¤ª¤¡¤¼¥‹¤¸¥€ ¤¨¥‡ ¤‰¤¸¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤•¥¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤¯¤¾ ¤µ¤¹ ¤œ¥‹ ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤š¤š¥‡¤°¥‡ ¤¥¥‡ ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤¹¤¾¤‚-¤•¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤›¥‚ ¤—¤¯¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤œ¤¿¤¨ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¥‡¤® ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¬¥‡¤Ÿ¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤¨ ¤•¤° ¤¸¤•¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤‚, ¤…¤ª¤¨¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤–¥¤² ¤•¤° ¤•¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤°¥‡¤‚¤—¥€¥¤ ¤¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤¤•-¤¤• ¤¦¤¿¤¨ ¤¸¥‡ ¤®¤¿¤²¤•¤° ¤¸¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨, ¤¬¤¿¤¨¥¤§¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¬¤š¤ª¤¨ ¤¬¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤•¤° ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¾ ¤ ¥€¤• ¤µ¥ˆ¤¸¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤¨ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¤® ¤¸¤¬ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤µ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤•¤ª¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¢¤•¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¤• ¤¨¤‚¤— ¤§¤¡¤¼¤‚¤— ¤¬¤¡¤¼¤¾¤ª¤¨¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¯¥¤¦¥¤§¤²¤¿¤ª¥¤¤ ¤¦¥¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤¹¤¤¤¾¤¹¤¤ ¤¸¤¿¤ª¤¾¤¹¥€ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¤¾ #39;¤µ¤¿¤œ¥‡¤¤¤¾#39;¥¤ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¦¥‹ ¤¶¤¬¥¤¦ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤¸¤­¥¤¯¤¤¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‡ ¤œ¤¨¤• ¤­¥€ ¤°¤¹¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤ª¥‹¤·¤• ¤­¥€ - ¤‰¤ª¤¯¥‹¤—¤¿¤¤¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤ª¤­¥‹¤—¥¤ ¤¯¥‡ ¤¦¥‹¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤¶¤¬¥¤¦ ¤¹¥€ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¦¥‡¤° ¤¤¤• ¤¸¤®¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤†¤¤¥‡¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¤¾¤«¤¼¥€ ¤¦¥‡¤° ¤¤¤• ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¥¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¿¤¦¥¤§¤¾¤‚¤¤ ¤ª¤° ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤¹¤° ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¥¤• ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤¤¤®¤¾¤® ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾¤¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤†¤¦¤¿¤® ¤¯¤¾¤¤¥¤°¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤œ¤²¥¤¦¥€ ¤¹¥€ ¤¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‹ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤ª¥¤¤ ¤¹¥‹ ¤—¤ˆ ¤¥¥€¤‚ ¤•¤¿ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤‰¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤¨¥‡ ¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤, ¤œ¤¿¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤‰¤¨¤•¥€ ¤‰¤ª¤¯¥‹¤—¤¿¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤¾¤•¥€ ¤¹¤¿¤¸¥¤¸¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤¢¤• ¤•¤° ¤°¤–¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¸¥€¤®¤¿¤¤ ¤‰¤ª¤­¥‹¤— ¤¯¤¾ ¤‰¤ª¤¯¥‹¤— ¤¸¥‡ ¤¶¤¾¤¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤›¤¿¤ª¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤¯¤¾¤¸ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¤® ¤˜¥¤Ÿ¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤”¤° ¤‡¤¸¤²¤¿¤ ¤¤¤°¤¹-¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¸¥‡ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤œ¤¼¤¾¤¹¤¿¤° ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤¤¤°¥€¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤­¥¤¯¤¤¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤¨¤¿¤•¤¾¤² ¤²¤¿¤¥¤ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¤Ÿ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤”¤° ¤›¤¿¤ª¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤–¥‡¤² ¤¬¤¾¤²¤®¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¥¤• ¤¬¤¨¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¨ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¬¤¹¤¾¤¨¥‡, ¤‡¤¶¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚, ¤®¤œ¤¼¤¾¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚, ¤—¤¾¤²¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚, ¤²¤¤¥€¤«¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¤° ¤œ¤—¤¹ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤‚¤•¥‡¤¤ ¤®¤¿¤²¤¤¥‡ ¤°¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤®¤¾¤‚ ¤¬¤¾¤ª ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¿¤¸¥¤¤¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¾ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¤¤¾-¤¸¥¤¨¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤‰¤¸¤•¤¾ ¤…¤¨¥¤¦¤¾¤œ¤¼¤¾ ¤²¤—¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤®¥¤¶¥¤•¤¿¤² ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¤® ¤‰¤®¥¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¥¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¸¥‡ ¤­¤° ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤•¤¿ ¤†¤¸¤ª¤¾¤¸ ¤•¥‡ ¤®¤¾¤¹¥Œ¤² ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‡¤¸¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤§¤¾¤¨ ¤–¥‹¤œ¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤œ¤¿¤¸¥¤® ¤•¥€ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤­¥€ ¤¸¤®¤¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤‰¤¨ ¤…¤‚¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¤¹¤œ ¤¹¥€ ¤›¥‚¤¨¥‡-¤¸¤¹¤²¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤†¤ ¤°¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¤¥‡¤œ¤¿¤¤ ¤­¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤ª¤° ¤²¥¤•¤¾¤›¤¿¤ª¥€ ¤‰¤¨¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¤• ¤µ¥¤¯¤°¥¤¥ ¤•¥€ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¥¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤œ¤¨¥¤® ¤¦¥‡¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¡¤°¤¤¥‡-¤¸¤¹¤®¤¤¥‡, ¤¬¤š¤¤¥‡ ¤¬¤š¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤µ¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¸¥¤•¤¤¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤ª¥‚¤°¤¾ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¥¤°¤¯¤¾¤¸ ¤˜¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤…¤¨¥¤§¥‡¤°¥‡ ¤•¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¢¥‚¤‚¤¢¤¨¥‡ ¤²¤—¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤†¤ª¤¸ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¤• ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤•¥¤·¤¤¤¿ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡¥¤ ¤¤• ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤²¤¹¥‚¤²¥¤¹¤¾¤¨ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡, ¤¹¤¿¤‚¤¸¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¬¤°¤¤¤¤¥‡¥¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤•¥Œ¤¤¥‚¤¹¤² ¤ª¥‚¤°¥‡ ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤œ¤—¤¾¤ˆ ¤—¤ˆ ¤‰¤¤¥¤¤¥‡¤œ¤¨¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¶¤¾¤¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤ª¤° ¤œ¤¬ ¤¤• ¤­¤¾¤ˆ ¤¬¤¹¤¨ ¤¸¥‡ ¤š¤¾¤° ¤›¤ƒ ¤¸¤¾¤² ¤¬¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤¹¥‹, ¤ª¤¡¤¼¥‹¤¸¥€ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¾ ¤œ¥‹ ¤•¤¾¤²¥‡¤œ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¤¢¤¼¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥‹ ¤¤¥‹ ¤¤• ¤ª¤¾¤‚¤š ¤¸¤¾¤¤ ¤¸¤¾¤² ¤•¥€ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¥€ ¤•¤¾ ¤–¥‚¤¨ ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤¹¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤‰¤¸¤•¥€ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤‰¤¤¥¤¤¥‡¤œ¤¨¤¾ ¤¶¤¾¤‚¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤° ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤ª¤¾¤¤š-¤›¤ƒ ¤¸¤¾¤² ¤•¤¾ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤š¤¾¤š¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¤¾¤¸ ¤­¤°¥‹¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¥‡ ¤š¤¿¤ª¤• ¤•¤° ¤¸¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¤¾¤¯¤œ¤¾¤®¤¾ ¤–¥‹¤² ¤•¤° ¤œ¤¬ ¤¨¥€¤š¥‡ ¤–¤¿¤¸¤•¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤‰¤¸ ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤¸¥¤¤¤¿¤¤¥¤µ ¤¸¥¤¥¤—¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¥¤¬¤¹ ¤‰¤ ¤¨¥‡ ¤¤¤• ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤ª ¤•¥‹ ¤–¥‹ ¤š¥¤•¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤µ¤¹ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤®¤¾¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤…¤œ¥€¤¬ ¤¨¤œ¤¼¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤­¤¾¤ˆ ¤¬¥¤²¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¥‹ ¤œ¤µ¤¾¤¬ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¦¥‡¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤—¥‹¤°¥€ ¤š¤¿¤Ÿ¥¤Ÿ¥€ ¤¬¤¹¤¨ ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤¾¤²¥€ ¤¨¤œ¤¼¤° ¤†¤¨¥‡ ¤²¤—¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤µ¤¹ ¤š¤¾¤š¤¾ ¤®¥¤¸¥¤•¤°¤¾ ¤•¤° ¤®¤¾¤‚ ¤¬¤¾¤ª ¤¸¥‡ ¤¬¤¤¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤®¤¾¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤®¥¤—¥¤§ ¤¹¥‹¤•¤° ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤–¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤–¤¿¤²¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤²¤—¥€ ¤°¤¹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾ ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤¤• ¤¦¤¿¤¨ ¤”¤° ¤°¥¤• ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¼¤¿¤¦ ¤•¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤š¤¾¤š¤¾ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¥¤²¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤•¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¯¤¹ ¤†¤œ ¤­¥€ ¤®¥‡¤°¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¸¥‹¤¤—¤¾¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¾ ¤š¥¤ª¥¤ª¥¤ ¤¬¤¾¤ª ¤¤¿¤¡¤¼¤• ¤•¤° ¤•¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ - #39;¤š¤¾¤š¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤œ¤µ¤¾¤¬ ¤•¥¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¦¥‡¤¤¤¾?#39; ¤«¤¿¤° ¤µ¤¹¥€ ¤š¤¾¤š¤¾ ¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤”¤° ¤‡¤¸¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¤¾ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤‰¤¸¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤•¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‰¤¸¥€ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¯¤¾ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¦¥ƒ¤¶¥¤¯ ¤•¥¤› ¤¬¤¦¤² ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤—¤²¥€, ¤®¥¤¹¤²¥¤²¥‡, ¤¸¥¤•¥‚¤², ¤•¤¾¤²¤¿¤œ ¤•¤¾ ¤¦¤¾¤¦¤¾ ¤¸¤°¥‡¤†¤® ¤…¤ª¤¨¤¾ ¤²¤¿¤‚¤— ¤–¥‹¤² ¤•¤° ¤¬¥ˆ¤ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤°¥€-¤¬¤¾¤°¥€ ¤›¥¤¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤ª¤¿¤Ÿ¥‡¤‚¥¤ ¤¯¤¾ ¤«¤¿¤° ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤¸¤°¥¤µ¤¶¤•¥¤¤¤¿¤®¤¾¤¨ ¤…¤§¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¤• ¤‰¤¸ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤• ¤¶¤°¤£ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤²¥‡ ¤²¥‡¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¨¤¨¥¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤—¥‹¤¦ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¥ˆ¤ ¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤š¥¤­¤¨ ¤¸¤¹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤œ¤¬ ¤¤¤• ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤¹¤¸¤¾¤¸ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥€ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤–¥‡¤² ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤†¤—¥‡ ¤¨¤¿¤•¤² ¤—¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤œ¤¬¤°¤¦¤¸¥¤¤¥€ ¤–¥€¤‚¤š ¤•¤° ¤—¤²¥‡ ¤²¤—¤¾¤¯¥‡ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¤° ¤¦¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤°¤¹ ¤¸¤¾¤² ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥€ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¼¤¿¤¨¥¤¦¤—¥€ ¤•¤¾ ¤¹¤¿¤¸¥¤¸¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤ª¤¨¥¤¦¥¤°¤¹ ¤¸¤¾¤² ¤•¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¤¹¤²¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤¹¥€ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤µ¤¾¤°¤¿¤• ¤¸¤¦¤¸¥¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¯¤¾ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤¦¥¤µ¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤†¤§¥€ ¤…¤§¥‚¤°¥€ ¤¹¥‹ ¤•¤° ¤°¤¹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¯¥‡ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡¥¤ ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤¹¥€ ¤•¥‡¤¨¥¤¦¥¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤§¥¤¯¤¾¤¤¥¤®¤¿¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤¨¥‡ ¤²¤¾¤– ¤ª¤¾¤ª¤¡¤¼ ¤¬¥‡¤²¥‡, ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤µ¥‡ ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤•¥‹ ¤…¤ª¤¦¤¸¥¤¥ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤° ¤¸¤•¥‡¥¤ ¤•¤­¥€ ¤¯¥‹¤— ¤­¥€ (¤†¤œ Yoga) ¤­¥€ ¤†¤¤¥¤®¤¿¤• ¤‰¤¤¥¤¥¤¾¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤ª¥¤°¤¯¤¾¤¸ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤†¤œ ¤µ¤¹ ¤­¥€ ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¥¤—¤ ¤¨-¤¸¤‚¤µ¤°¥¤§¤¨ ¤¤¤• ¤¹¥€ ¤¸¥€¤®¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¤¤°¤« ¤¤¤¨¤¾¤µ ¤•¥€ ¤¤• ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤®¤¾¤‚¤¸¤ª¥‡¤¶¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤…¤•¤¡¤¼¥€ ¤¹¥¤ˆ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤•¥¤› ¤¹¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¶¥¤°¤® ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤°¥¤œ¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ - ¤‰¤¸¤•¥€ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤£¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤¸¥¤–¤²¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ - ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤®¤¾¤¹¥Œ¤² ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤—¤¤¤¿ ¤”¤° ¤¸¤®¥¤ª¤¨¥¤¨¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¹¥€ ¤†¤œ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¤¤ª¥¤¤¤¤¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤œ¥¤¡¤¼¥€ ¤¹¥¤ˆ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤µ¤¿¤²¤¾¤¸ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤§¥¤¨¤¿¤• ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚, ¤µ¤¹ ¤ª¤¿¤›¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¸¤¬ ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤¤• ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤°¤¹ ¤—¤ˆ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤¤• ¤¸¤®¥¤ª¥‚¤°¥¤£ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¸¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¬¤¨ ¤—¤ˆ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¸¤¿¤° ¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¥ˆ¤° ¤¤¤• ¤œ¥¤¡¤¼¤•¤° ¤†¤²¤¿¤‚¤—¤¨ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤° ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾, ¤µ¤¹ ¤¤¤‚¤—¤¦¤¿¤² ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¨¥ˆ¤¤¤¿¤• ¤¯¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¤¥¤® ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¬¥ˆ¤ ¥‹, ¤š¤²¥‹ ¤«¤¿¤°¥‹, ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨¤—¤¨¥¤§ ¤¹¤µ¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¥ƒ¤¶¥¤¯-¤…¤¦¥ƒ¤¶¥¤¯ ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¸¥‡ ¤‰¤›¤¾¤²¤¤¥‡ ¤°¤¹¥‹¥¤ ¤µ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤° ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤ª ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¥¤› ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤¹¤¤¥‡, ¤ª¤¹¤¨¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¤¾ ¤¤¤¾¤ª ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¬¤¾¤¹¤° ¤†¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¥¤ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤‰¤š¤¿¤¤, ¤…¤¨¥¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤¬¥¤°¤¹¥¤®¤µ¤¾¤•¥¤¯ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¤• ¤¹¥ˆ, #39;¤•¥¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¤°¥¤œ¤¼ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤¹¤°¥¤œ¤¼ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚¥¤#39; ¤”¤° ¤¯¥‡ ¤•¤¿ #39;¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤…¤š¥¤›¤¾ ¤²¤—¤¾, ¤¤¥¤®¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤…¤š¥¤›¤¾ ¤²¤—¥‡¤—¤¾¥¤#39; ¤µ¤—¥ˆ¤°¤¹ ¤¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤«¤¼¤¿¤•¤°¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤œ¥‹ ¤‡¤¸ ¤•¤®¥€¤œ¤¼ ¤¸¥‡ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¬¥¤²¤¾¤Š¤œ¤¼ ¤¤¤•, ¤‡¤¸ ¤ª¤¤¤²¥‚¤¨ ¤¸¥‡ ¤‰¤¸ ¤¸¥¤•¤°¥¤Ÿ ¤¤¤• ¤‰¤¡¤¼¤¤¥‡, ¤¬¥ˆ¤ ¤¤¥‡ ¤«¤¿¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤–¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤®¥‡¤œ¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤­¤¿¤¨¤•¤¤¥‡ ¤°¤¹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¥¤· ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤š¥¤›¤¾ ¤²¤—¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤¤• ¤®¤¾¤¤¥¤° ¤…¤°¥¤¥ #39;¤¸¥ˆ¤•¥¤¸¥€#39; ¤²¤—¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¹¤° ¤®¤¾¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¬¥‡¤Ÿ¥€-¤¬¥‡¤Ÿ¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¥ˆ¤•¥¤¸¥€ ¤¦¤¿¤–¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¤¹¤¨¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤¹¥‹ ¤¹¥€ ¤—¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤—¤¾ - #39;#39;¤¤¥¤®¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥ˆ¤•¥¤¸¥€ ¤²¤—¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤, ¤¬¥‡¤Ÿ¥€¥¤#39;#39; ¤–¥‚¤¬ ¤–¥¤² ¤•¤° ¤—¤²¥‡ ¤²¤—¤¨¤¾ ¤œ¤¬ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¹¥€ ¤†¤¯¥ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¥‹¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤¤¥‹ ¤‰¤¸¤®¥‡¤‚ #39;¤•¥¤› ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥‡#39; ¤•¥€ ¤¸¤‚¤­¤¾¤µ¤¨¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤†¤­¤¾¤¸ ¤®¤¨ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¤š¥‡¤¤ ¤­¥€ ¤°¤–¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾ ¤œ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤œ¥‹¤¡¤¼¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤…¤²¤— ¤­¥€ ¤•¤°¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤• ¤¹¥€ ¤‰¤®¥¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤¯¥¤µ¤•-¤¯¥¤µ¤¤¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤œ¥¤¡¤¼¤¾¤µ ¤¤• ¤…¤²¤—¤¾¤µ ¤­¥€ ¤¬¤¨¤¾¤ ¤°¤–¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¤• ¤¯¥¤µ¤•, ¤…¤§¥‡¤¡¤¼ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¬¥‚¤¢¤¼¤¾ ¤œ¤¬ ¤ª¤¾¤¤š, ¤¦¤¸, ¤ª¤¨¥¤¦¥¤°¤¹ ¤¸¤¾¤² ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤¸¥‡ ¤‰¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤–¥¤²¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤¤¥‹ ¤¸¤‚¤•¤Ÿ ¤ª¥ˆ¤¦¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‰¤¸ ¤†¤‚¤²¤¿¤—¤¨ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¤• ¤š¥¤­¤¨ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤ª¤¤¤¾ ¤²¤—¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤° ¤¤•¤¦¤® ¤›¤¿¤Ÿ¤•¤¾-¤¤Ÿ¤•¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¤¤°¤«¤¼ ¤«¥ˆ¤²¥€ ¤¹¥¤ˆ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤‰¤·¥¤£¤¤¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤‡¤¸ ¤•¤‚¤Ÿ¥€¤²¥€ ¤‰¤®¤¸ ¤•¥‹ ¤ª¤°¥‡ ¤§¤•¥‡¤²¤¨¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤¤¿¤¤• ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¤¾ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¾ ¤¸¤¬ ¤¸¥‡ ¤œ¤¼¥¤¯¤¾¤¦¤¾ ¤‡¤¸ ¤–¥¤²¥‡¤ª¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¤¿¤•¤¾¤° ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤–¥¤²¤¾¤ª¤¨ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤†¤¸¤¾¤¨¥€ ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤­¥€ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥€ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤¤¥¤µ¤š¤¾ ¤¤¤• ¤ª¤¹¥¤‚¤š ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤¹¤²¤¾¤¨¤¾-¤«¥¤¸¤²¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤¤¸¥‡ ¤²¥‹¤—¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤†¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤®¥€¤ ¥‡ ¤”¤° ¤®¤•¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¤• ¤¦¤® ¤•¥¤› ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤¹¤¤¥‡, ¤¹¤¾¤¥ ¤–¥€¤‚¤š ¤•¤° ¤°¤–¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤§¥€¤°¥‡-¤§¥€¤°¥‡ ¤®¥¤Ÿ¥¤ ¥€ ¤–¥‹¤²¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¾ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤ª¥‚¤°¤¾ ¤­¤°¥‹¤¸¤¾ ¤•¤°¤•¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¥‡ ¤²¤¾¤²¤š ¤ª¥‚¤°¥‡ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥‹¤š¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤• ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤¾¤¸ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤ª¥¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¤¯¤¾¤¸ ¤¦¥‹¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤¤¤°¤« ¤¸¥‡ ¤š¤²¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤¨¥¤¤¤° ¤•¥‡¤µ¤² ¤‡¤¤¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤¨¤¾ ¤¸¥¤µ¤¾¤­¤¾¤µ¤¿¤• ¤­¤°¥‹¤¸¤¾ ¤²¥‡¤•¤° ¤†¤—¥‡ ¤¬¤¢¤¼¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤­¤°¥‹¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤¯¤•¥€¤¨ ¤¦¤¿¤²¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ #39;¤‡¤¸ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤¹¤°¥¤œ¤¼ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚#39; ¤•¤¾ ¤°¤¾¤®¤¬¤¾¤£ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤ª¤° ¤š¤²¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤•-¤¤• ¤•¤¦¤® ¤¬¤¢¤¼¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£, ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¯¤¹ ¤•¤¦¤® ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¥‡ ¤”¤° ¤¤¥‡¤œ¤¼ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤° ¤°¥¤•¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾ ¤¨¤¾¤® ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤²¥‡¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤¸¤¾¤¥-¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¡¤°¤¾¤¨¤¾, ¤§¤®¤•¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤š¤²¤¤¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤¥¤®¥¤¹¤¾¤°¤¾ ¤•¥Œ¤¨ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤¾¤¸ ¤•¤°¥‡¤—¤¾ ¤…¤—¤° ¤¬¤¤¤¾¤“¤—¥‡¥¤ ¤¤¥¤®¥¤¹¤¾¤°¥€ ¤¬¤¹¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤­¥€ ¤¯¤¹¥€ ¤•¤°¥‚¤‚¤—¤¾¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¾ ¤‡¤¨ ¤¬¤¾¤¤¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¤‚¤­¤µ ¤®¤¾¤¨ ¤•¤° ¤¡¤°¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤”¤° ¤µ¤¹ ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¥€ ¤¯¤¾ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤‡¤²¤¾¤µ¤¾ ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥‡ ¤¶¤¿¤•¤¾¤° ¤­¥€ ¤–¥‹¤œ¤¤¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤• ¤¹¥€ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤• ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤¾¤® ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤š¤²¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤ª¤°¤¾¤§ ¤œ¤¬ ¤­¥€ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤¯¤¹¥€ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¾ ¤—¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤•¤ˆ-¤•¤ˆ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤‰¤¸ ¤µ¥¤¯¤•¥¤¤¤¿ ¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤• ¤¸¥¤°¤•¥¤·¤¿¤¤, ¤¸¤®¥¤®¤¾¤¨¤¿¤¤ ¤”¤° ¤¸¥¤¶¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤˜¥‚¤®¤¤¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤¤• ¤¬¤¾¤° ¤˜¤Ÿ ¤•¤° ¤¸¤®¤¾¤ª¥¤¤ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥€ ¤˜¤Ÿ¤¨¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€¥¤ ¤¶¤°¥€¤°¤¹¥€¤¨¤¤¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤¬¥‹¤§ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥¤– ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¥¤– ¤”¤° ¤¦¥¤– ¤•¥‹ ¤¦¥¤– ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤°¤¹¤¨¥‡ ¤¦¥‡¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤®¥‡¤°¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¹¥€ ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤•¥¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤¹¥¤†? ¤®¥¤ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤•¤®¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤®¥¤¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤ª ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤ª¥¤¤ ¤•¤° ¤²¥‡¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥€ ¤†¤¤¥¤®¤—¥¤²¤¾¤¨¤¿ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¤¤¾¤¦¤¾¤¤¥¤®¥¤¯ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¾¤ª¤¿¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤¦¥‡¤¤¥€¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤‡¤¨¥¤¸¤¾¤¨ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤§¤¿¤•¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¥¤µ¤¯¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤µ¤¹ ¤µ¥¤¯¤•¥¤¤¤¿ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤ª ¤•¥‹ ¤µ¤‚¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤š¤²¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¨ ¤•¥¤› ¤²¥‡¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤¨ ¤¦¥‡¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¥¤°¥‹¤§ ¤•¤¿¤¸ ¤ª¤° ¤•¤°¥‡? ¤¸¤­¥€ ¤•¥¤› ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤š¤²¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤¦¥‡¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤…¤ª¤¦¤¾¤°¥¤¥ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤†¤•¤° ¤…¤¨¥¤¯¤®¤¨¤¸¥¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤˜¥‡¤°¥‡ ¤°¤–¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤• ¤¦¥¤ƒ¤¸¥¤µ¤ª¥¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¦¥¤°¥¤˜¤Ÿ¤¨¤¾ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤­¥€ ¤¤• ¤Ÿ¥¤•¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤¤¥‹ ¤•¤­¥€ ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¤¾ ¤®¤¨ ¤®¤¸¥¤¤¤¿¤·¥¤• ¤•¥‹ ¤•¥‹¤¯¤²¤¾ ¤•¤° ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤µ¥‡ ¤ ¤‚¤¡¥€ ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤° ¤‰¤¨¤•¤¾ ¤ª¥¤°¥‡¤®¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤•¥€ ¤¦¤¹¤•¤¤¥€ ¤…¤µ¤¸¥¤¥¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤µ¤¾¤ª¤¿¤¸ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤²¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¤¾ ¤ª¤•¥¤· ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤¹¤¿¤‚¤¸¤¾ ¤œ¤—¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾, ¤¸¥¤µ¤¯¤‚ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤°¥€ ¤¬¤¨¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾¥¤ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤°¥€ ¤¤¥‹ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¬¤¨ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥€¤‚, ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¸¥‡ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¹¥€ ¤•¤¾¤®¥¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤•¤—¤¾¤° ¤ª¤° ¤§¤•¥‡¤²¤¤¥€ ¤°¤¹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤œ¤—¤¹-¤œ¤—¤¹ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¤¥ƒ¤ª¥¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤­¤Ÿ¤•¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚, ¤µ¤¾¤¸¤¨¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤§¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¥‚¤²¤¤¥€ ¤°¤¹¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¤¥ƒ¤ª¥¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤ª¤¡¤¼¤¾¤µ ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾, ¤¬¤¸ ¤†¤•¤¾¤‚¤•¥¤·¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤†¤•¥¤°¤¾¤®¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤—¥¤°¤¸¤¿¤¤ ¤°¤–¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¦¥‹¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤•¥¤· ¤¹¥€ ¤•¥¤°¥‚¤° ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤®¤¸¥¤¤¤¿¤·¥¤• ¤•¥‡ ¤¤¥€¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤­¤¾¤— ¤ª¥¤°¤­¤¾¤µ¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¦¥‡¤–¥‡ ¤—¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤—¤¹¤°¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤ (Hypothalamus) - ¤¹¤¾¤ˆ¤ª¥‹¤¥¥ˆ¤²¥‡¤®¤¸ (¤œ¥‹ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤ª¤•¥¤µ¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤¦¥‡¤¶¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤”¤° ¤‰¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤­¤¾¤µ¤¨¤¾¤¤¥¤®¤• ¤ª¥¤°¤¸¤¾¤°¤£ ¤¸¥‡ ¤œ¥‹¤¡¤¼¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ) ¤•¤¾¤«¤¼¥€ ¤¹¤¦ ¤¤¤• ¤…¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¨¥¤¤¥¤°¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¥€¤š ¤µ¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤­¤¾¤— (Amygdala) ¤…¤®¤¿¤—¤¡¥ˆ¤²¤¾ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤µ¥€¤­¤¤¥¤¸ ¤•¥¤·¤£¥‹¤‚, ¤š¤¿¤¤¥¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¸¥¤®¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤¨¤°¤¾¤µ¥ƒ¤¤¥¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤¾¤°¤¬¤¾¤° ¤µ¤¹¥€ ¤¦¥ƒ¤¶¥¤¯ ¤®¥¤‚¤¹ ¤¬¤¾¤¯¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤†¤•¤° ¤–¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤®¤¸¥¤¤¤¿¤·¥¤• ¤•¤¾ ¤¤¥€¤¸¤°¤¾ ¤®¥¤–¥¤¯ ¤­¤¾¤— ¤¹¤¿¤ª¥‹¤•¥ˆ¤®¥¤ª¤¸ (Hippocampus) ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥‡ ¤•¥¤ª¥¤°¤­¤¾¤µ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¥Œ¤¦¥¤§¤¿¤• ¤µ¤¿¤•¤¾¤¸ ¤•¥‹ ¤•¥¤·¥€¤£ ¤•¤° ¤¦¥‡¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤

¤¦¥‚¤¸¤°¥€ ¤”¤° ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤°¥€ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥€ ¤¶¤¾¤°¥€¤°¤¿¤• ¤¯¤¾ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤•¥¤£¥¤ ¤¾¤¤‚ ¤–¥‹ ¤¦¥‡¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¸¤•¤¾ ¤•¤¾¤°¤£ ¤‰¤¸¤•¥‡ ¤®¤¸¥¤¤¤¿¤·¥¤• ¤•¥€ ¤¸¤°¤‚¤š¤¨¤¾¤¤¥¤®¤• ¤•¥¤°¤¿¤¯¤¾¤“¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯ ¤¨ ¤°¤¹ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤¬¤¤¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¥¤› ¤°¤¸¤¾¤¯¤¨¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤®¤¾¤¤¥¤° ¤­¥€ ¤°¤•¥¤¤ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¢¤¼ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ - ¤•¥‡¤Ÿ¥‡¤•¥‹¤²¤¾¤®¤¿¤¨¥¤œ¤¼ (Catecholamines) ¤‰¤¨¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¤• ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤®¤¸¥¤¤¤¿¤·¥¤• ¤•¥€ ¤¬¤¨¤¾¤µ¤Ÿ ¤­¥€ ¤•¤ˆ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤°¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤•¥¤› ¤…¤²¤— ¤¸¥€ ¤¹¥‹ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¨ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤®¤¨¥‹¤µ¥ˆ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨¤¿¤• ¤µ¤¿¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤¶¤¿¤•¤¾¤° ¤µ¥‡ ¤œ¤¼¤°¥‚¤° ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤…¤²¤—-¤…¤²¤— ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤¸¥¤¤¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤š¤²¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‡ ¤¯¥Œ¤¨-¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤ª¤° ¤²¤¾¤—¥‚ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€¥¤ ¤…¤§¤¿¤•¤¤¤° ¤¶¥‹¤·¤• ¤¤¥‹ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤¨¥¤¯ ¤ª¥¤°¥¤· ¤¯¤¾ ¤¸¥¤¤¥¤°¥€ ¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¤• ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤• ¤•¥‹ ¤¶¤¾¤¯¤¦ ¤‡¤¸ ¤…¤¨¥¤§¥‡¤°¥€ ¤–¤¾¤ˆ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤¹¤° ¤¨¤¿¤•¤¾¤²¤¾ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤­¥€¤¤¤° ¤•¥‹ ¤‰¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤¹¤°¥€ ¤•¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¥¤¯ ¤¨¥‡ ¤›¥¤† ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚, ¤¤¸¤¾ ¤¸¤®¤¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¨¥‡ ¤•¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤•¥‡ ¤­¥€¤¤¤° ¤œ¤¼¤¬¤°¤¦¤¸¥¤¤¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤µ¥‡¤¶ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾, ¤µ¤¹ ¤¤• ¤¦¥¤°¥¤˜¤Ÿ¤¨¤¾ ¤¥¥€ ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ - ¤®¤¨ ¤µ¤¹¤¾¤‚ ¤¥¤¾ ¤¹¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¬¥¤¦¥¤§¤¿¤¸¤®¥¤ª¤¨¥¤¨ ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤• ¤•¥‹ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¸¤®¤¤¾¤ˆ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤ª¤° ¤¤• ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥€ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚¥¤ ¤”¤° ¤«¤¿¤° #39;¤‡¤¸ ¤²¤¡¤¼¤•¥€ ¤•¤¾ ¤°¥‡¤ª ¤¹¥¤† ¤¥¤¾#39; ¤µ¤¾¤²¥€ ¤­¤‚¤—¤¿¤®¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤•¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¤¹¥‡, ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤•¤¾ ¤°¥‡¤ª ¤œ¥ˆ¤¸¥‡ ¤­¥€¤¤¤° ¤¹¥€ ¤­¥€¤¤¤° ¤¸¤¬ ¤•¥‡ ¤®¤¨¥‹¤°¤‚¤œ¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¨ ¤¹¥‹¥¤ ¤°¥‡¤ª ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤œ¥¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤°¥‹¤®¤¾¤‚¤š ¤‰¤¸¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¨¤µ¤° ¤•¤¾ ¤°¥‹¤®¤¾¤‚¤š ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤œ¤¿¤¸¤¨¥‡ ¤¯¤¹ ¤•¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¥¤¯ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤¥¤¾¥¤ ¤¤¸¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤¹¤° ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤°¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤¬ ¤¹¤° ¤¤¤°¤« ¤ª¥¤°¤¯¤¾¤¸ ¤¤¥‡¤œ¤¼ ¤¹¥‹ ¤°¤¹¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤¸¤®¤¸¥¤¯ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¤¹¥€ ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¥‡¤–¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡¥¤ ¤¤• ¤°¥‹¤—¥€ ¤•¥‹ ¤¦¤µ¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤ ¤”¤° ¤ª¥¤¯¤¾¤° ¤­¤°¤¾ ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤­¥€ - ¤‡¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¤®¤¤¾ ¤œ¤¾ ¤°¤¹¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤²¤¾¤¤¥¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤š¤¿¤ª¤•¥€ ¤¹¥¤ˆ ¤®¤¿¤Ÿ¥¤Ÿ¥€ ¤”¤° ¤–¤°¥‹¤‚¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤¤¤• ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤¤°¤£¥€ ¤ª¤¹¥¤‚¤š ¤°¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¶¥€¤¤¤² ¤”¤° ¤¸¥¤–¤¦ ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤¤°¤£¥€¥¤ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¾¤œ¤¿¤• ¤¸¤®¤, ¤¸¤¾¤‚¤ ¤”¤° ¤¸¤¹¤¾¤¨¥¤­¥‚¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥€ ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤¤°¤£¥€¥¤ ¤˜¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¾¤² ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤°¥‹¤•¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤•¥¤› ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤‰¤¸ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤§¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤†¤µ¤¶¥¤¯¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤¹¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤¾¤²¤¨-¤ª¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥‡ ¤¤¤°¥€¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤¾¤µ¤§¤¾¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤¬¤°¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤¹¥‹¤‚¤—¥€ ¤”¤° ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¾¤°¤£ ¤œ¥¤ž¤¾¤¨ ¤•¥‹ ¤¥¥‹¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤µ¤¿¤•¤¸¤¿¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤—¤¾¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤†¤œ¤¼¤¾¤¦¥€ ¤”¤° ¤–¥¤²¥‡¤ª¤¨ ¤•¥‹ ¤•¥¤‚¤ ¤¿¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¥¤°¤•¥¤·¤¿¤¤ ¤°¤–¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤‡¤§¤°-¤‰¤§¤° ¤¸¥‡ ¤•¤¾¤Ÿ¤¨¤¾ ¤›¤¾¤‚¤Ÿ¤¨¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤ª¥¤¯¤¾¤° ¤¦¥‡¤¨¥‡ ¤”¤° ¤ª¥¤¯¤¾¤° ¤ª¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤…¤§¤¿¤•¤¾¤° ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¥€¤®¤¿¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¥€ ¤¦¥Œ¤¡¤¼ ¤­¤¾¤— ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥‹ ¤”¤° ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤œ¤—¤¹ ¤¦¥‡¤¨¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤¤¤¾¤•¤¿ ¤µ¥‡ ¤–¥¤² ¤•¤° ¤­¤¾¤— ¤¦¥Œ¤¡¤¼ ¤¸¤•¥‡¤‚¥¤ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤›¥‹¤Ÿ¥€ ¤†¤¯¥ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€, ¤š¤¾¤° ¤µ¤°¥¤· ¤•¥€ ¤†¤¯¥ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¥€, ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¤¾ ¤§¥¤¯¤¾¤¨ ¤¸¤¹¥€ ¤”¤° ¤—¤²¤¤ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥€ ¤ª¤•¤¡¤¼ ¤•¥€ ¤“¤° ¤¦¤¿¤²¤¾¤¨¤¾ ¤œ¤¼¤°¥‚¤°¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¥‚¤°¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¸¤š¥‡¤¤ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤•¤¿¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤ ¥€¤• ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤—¤£¤¿¤¤ ¤•¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¯¤¾ ¤­¥Œ¤—¥‹¤²¤¿¤• ¤†¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤•¥€ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤¶¤°¥€¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¥¤·¥‡¤¤¥¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¤¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤œ¤¿¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¿¤¨¤¾ ¤•¤¾¤°¤£ ¤›¥¤† ¤›¥‡¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤—¥‹¤¦¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤¸¤¬¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¥¤°¤•¥¤·¤¿¤¤ ¤†¤¶¥¤°¤¯-¤¸¥¤¥¤²¤¿¤¯¤¾¤‚ ¤°¤¹¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤…¤¬ ¤­¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤‰¤¨ ¤†¤¶¥¤°¤¯-¤¸¥¤¥¤²¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤›¤¿¤ª¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤•¥€¤²¥‹¤‚-¤•¤¾¤‚¤Ÿ¥‹¤‚ ¤¸¥‡ ¤­¥€ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤¾¤µ¤§¤¾¤¨ ¤•¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤®¤¨¥‡ ¤¹¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¥¤¯¤µ¤¹¤¾¤° ¤•¥‹ ¤–¥‚¤¬ ¤¨¤¿¤°¥¤®¤®¤¤¤¾ ¤¸¥‡ ¤ª¤°¤–¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤—¤¾¥¤ ¤¯¤¦¤¿ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤¸¤‚¤¸¥¤•¥ƒ¤¤¤¿ ¤œ¤¨¥¤¯ ¤†¤¤¥¤®¤¿¤•¤¤¤¾¤¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¸¤‚¤¸¤°¥¤— ¤•¥€ ¤­¥‚¤–¤ª¥¤¯¤¾¤¸ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤ª¤¾¤¸ ¤¸¥¤²¤¾¤ ¤¬¤—¥ˆ¤° ¤¤¥ƒ¤ª¥¤¤ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¥€ ¤¤¥‹ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤Š¤ª¤° ¤˜¥‹¤° ¤¨¤¿¤¯¤¨¥¤¤¥¤°¤£ ¤°¤–¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤—¤¾¥¤ ¤ª¤°¤¿¤š¤¿¤¤¥‹¤‚ ¤”¤° ¤¸¤®¥¤¬¤¨¥¤§¤¿¤¯¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¸¥‹¤¨¤¾ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¤¾ ¤•¤°¥€¤¬ ¤•¤°¥€¤¬ ¤µ¤°¥¤œ¤¿¤¤ ¤¹¥‹¤¨¤¾ ¤š¤¾¤¹¤¿¤¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤®¤¾¤®¤²¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤ª¥¤¯¤¾¤° ¤•¥€ ¤¦¥¤¹¤¾¤ˆ ¤¦¥‡¤¨¤¾ ¤¬¤¿¤²¥¤•¥¤² ¤…¤ª¤°¥¤¯¤¾¤ª¥¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¸ ¤¸¥‡ ¤¹¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¤° ¤¸¤®¤¯ ¤­¤° ¤•¤° ¤°¤–¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤—¤¾ ¤•¤¿ ¤µ¥‡ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤…¤¨¥¤š¤¿¤¤ ¤¸¥¤ª¤°¥¤¶ ¤•¥‹ ¤¤•¤¦¤® ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤•¥‹ ¤¬¤¤¤¾ ¤¸¤•¥‡¤‚¥¤ ¤…¤ª¤¨¥‡ ¤­¤¾¤ˆ ¤¬¤¹¤¨¥‹¤‚, ¤®¤¾¤‚-¤¬¤¾¤ª ¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¥‹ ¤­¥€ ¤•¥‹¤ˆ ¤˜¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¥¤ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¸¤¾¤¹¤¸ ¤¦¥‡¤¨¤¾ ¤”¤° ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤¾¤¸ ¤ª¥¤°¤¾¤ª¥¤¤ ¤•¤°¤¨¤¾ ¤¶¤¾¤¯¤¦ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤ª¤¾¤²¤¨-¤ª¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¤¬¤¸¥‡ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥€ ¤¸¤«¤²¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥‹¤—¥€¥¤ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤‡¤¸ ¤•¥¤·¥‡¤¤¥¤° ¤•¥€ ¤¸¤¬¤¸¥‡ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¥€ ¤µ¤¿¤œ¤¯¥¤ ¤¹¤® ¤–¥‚¤¬ ¤–¥¤² ¤•¤° ¤‡¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¨¤¿¤¯¤®¤¿¤¤ ¤°¥‚¤ª ¤¸¥‡ ¤¤• ¤¸¤‚¤µ¤¾¤¦ ¤œ¤¾¤°¥€ ¤°¤–¥‡¤‚ ¤¤¤­¥€ ¤¯¤¹ ¤¸¤®¥¤­¤µ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤•¤¿¤¸ ¤¸¥€¤®¤¾ ¤¤¤• ¤¯¥Œ¤¨ ¤¶¤¿¤•¥¤·¤¾ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¸¥¤•¥‚¤²¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¦¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤, ¤¯¤¹ ¤¬¤¡¤¼¤¾ ¤µ¤¿¤µ¤¾¤¦ ¤•¤¾ ¤µ¤¿¤·¤¯ ¤¬¤¨¤¾ ¤¹¥¤† ¤¹¥ˆ, ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€ ¤”¤° ¤¬¤¾¤¹¤°¥€ ¤¸¤®¤¾¤œ¥‹¤‚ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤­¥€¥¤ ¤²¥‡¤•¤¿¤¨ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤˜¤° ¤¸¥‡ ¤¸¥¤•¥‚¤² ¤”¤° ¤¸¥¤•¥‚¤² ¤¸¥‡ ¤˜¤° ¤•¥€ ¤¨¤¿¤°¤¨¥¤¤¤°¤¤¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤¸¤­¤‚¤µ ¤¹¥‹ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤…¤­¥€ ¤¤¥‹ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨ ¤¸¥¤•¥‚¤² ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤¾¤¸ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤”¤° ¤¨ ¤˜¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤¬¥€¤®¤¾¤°¥€ ¤•¥€ ¤…¤µ¤¸¥¤¥¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¥€ ¤¤• ¤¸¤¿¤•¥¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤¸¥‡ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤¾¤¸ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤¹¤® ¤¡¤¾¤•¥¤Ÿ¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤ª¤¾¤¸ ¤œ¤¾¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¡¤¾¤•¥¤Ÿ¤° ¤”¤° ¤­¥€ ¤œ¤¼¥¤¯¤¾¤¦¤¾ ¤¸¤¿¤•¥¤¡¤¼ ¤•¤° ¤¬¥ˆ¤ ¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¤¤°¤¹ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¥¤¥¤¿¤¤¤¿ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤¯¤¹¥€ ¤‰¤®¥¤®¥€¤¦ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤•¤¿ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤¶¤°¥€¤° ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤‚¤š ¤•¤°¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤•¥¤·¤£¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤­¥€ ¤¨¤œ¤¼¤° ¤¡¤¾¤² ¤²¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤¥¤ ¤œ¥‹ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¤¾ ¤®¤¾¤¤¤¾-¤ª¤¿¤¤¤¾ ¤•¥‹ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¬¤¤¤¾ ¤ª¤¾¤¯¤¾ ¤µ¤¹ ¤¡¤¾¤•¥¤Ÿ¤° ¤¬¤¤¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤•¥¤·¥‡¤¤¥¤° ¤•¥€ ¤¸¤®¥¤­¤¾¤µ¤¨¤¾¤¤‚ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤®¤¾¤¨¤¸¤¿¤• ¤•¥¤·¥‡¤¤¥¤° ¤•¥‡ ¤‰¤ª¤š¤¾¤° ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤¦¥‚¤°¤—¤¾¤®¥€ ¤¹¥‹ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥€ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤¸¥¤•¥‚¤²¥€ ¤¶¤¿¤•¥¤·¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤…¤—¤²¥€ ¤•¤¡¤¼¥€ ¤•¥¤²¤¾¤¸ ¤°¥‚¤® ¤¸¥‡ ¤¬¤¾¤¹¤° ¤¸¥¤•¥‚¤² ¤•¥€ ¤¨¤°¥¤¸ ¤¯¤¾ ¤¡¤¾¤•¥¤Ÿ¤° ¤¹¥‹ ¤¸¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¨ ¤•¤¾¤®¥‹¤‚ ¤ª¤° ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤§¤¨ ¤µ¥¤¯¤¯ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤¤¤¾¥¤ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤¤• ¤¯¥‹¤œ¤¨¤¾ ¤•¥€ ¤†¤µ¤¶¥¤¯¤•¤¤¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¤¤¨¥€ ¤…¤§¤¿¤• ¤®¤¾¤¤¥¤°¤¾ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¶¥‹¤·¤£ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤š¤¾¤°¥‹¤‚ ¤¤¤°¤« ¤®¥Œ¤œ¥‚¤¦ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤¤ ¤ª¤° ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤¾¤¸ ¤•¤°¤¨¥‡ ¤µ¤¾¤²¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥€ ¤¸¤‚¤–¥¤¯¤¾ ¤­¥€ ¤…¤­¥€ ¤¬¤¹¥¤¤ ¤•¤® ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¸¤š¥¤š¤¾¤ˆ ¤•¤¾ ¤…¤¹¤¸¤¾¤¸ ¤¦¤¿¤²¤¾¤¨¥‡ ¤•¥‡ ¤²¤¿¤ ¤†¤‚¤•¤¡¤¼¥‡ ¤•¤­¥€ ¤­¥€ ¤•¤¾¤«¤¼¥€ ¤¨¤¹¥€¤‚ ¤¹¥‹¤‚¤—¥‡¥¤ ¤‰¤¨¥¤¹¥‡¤‚ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤¨ ¤•¤¿¤¸¥€ ¤‰¤¦¥¤¦¥‡¤¶¥¤¯ ¤ª¥‚¤°¥¤¤¤¿ ¤•¤¾ ¤¸¤¾¤§¤¨ ¤®¤¾¤¨ ¤²¤¿¤¯¤¾ ¤œ¤¾¤¤—¤¾¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤¬¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤µ¤¯¤¸¥¤•¥‹¤‚ ¤•¥‹ ¤¹¤®¤¾¤°¥‡ ¤¬¤š¥¤š¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤µ¤¿¤¶¥¤µ¤¾¤¸ ¤¦¤¿¤²¤¾ ¤¸¤•¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥ˆ¤‚¥¤ ¤‰¤¨ ¤•¥‡ ¤¸¤¾¤¥ ¤•¥¤ ¤¾¤‚¤°¤¹¤¿¤¤ ¤µ¤¾¤¤¤¾¤µ¤°¤£ ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤‚¤µ¤¾¤¦ ¤•¥€ ¤œ¤¼¤°¥‚¤°¤¤ ¤¹¥ˆ¥¤ ¤¸¤š ¤•¤¾ ¤ª¤¤¤¾ ¤š¤²¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥€ ¤ª¥¤°¤¯¤¤¥¤¨ ¤­¥€ ¤¶¥¤°¥‚ ¤¹¥‹¤—¤¾¥¤ ¤‰¤®¥¤®¥€¤¦ ¤­¥€ ¤œ¤¾¤—¥‡¤—¥€¥¤ ¤¹¤œ¤¼¤¾¤° ¤¸¤¾¤² ¤¸¥‡ ¤œ¤²¤¤¥‡ ¤¹¥¤ ¤‡¤¸ ¤œ¤‚¤—¤² ¤®¥‡¤‚ ¤¸¤¿¤°¥¤«¤¼ ¤‰¤®¥¤®¥€¤¦ ¤•¤¾ ¤‡¤• ¤ª¥‡¤¡¤¼ ¤¹¤°¤¾ ¤¹¥ˆ ¤…¤¬ ¤­¥€¥¤

Write My Essay Online for Cheap -
Albert camus lyrical and critical essays epub, best university essay

Neil Gaiman – The Best Commencement Speech You May Ever Hear (20 Minutes) This will be a short post as, sometimes, brevity counts. I want to let Neil Gaiman speak in this instance. Neil is academic essays one of my favorite authors, and I first became fascinated by his imagination with The Sandman comics in the 90’s. So much so, in fact, that I imported The Sandman from different countries to help me learn languages. The Sandman from Brazil. Wonderful for a travel article Griffith University, studying Portuguese, as I have identical English editions.

My love for his work grew from there. From Anansi Boys to The Graveyard Book (my favorite audiobook of all time) to how to write essays Albert College Neverwhere, the list of favorites is long. The above commencement speech, mandatory listening for anyone who hopes to be creatively successful, is writing Stevenson right up there with Steve Jobs’ 2005 Stanford commencement speech, which I’ve embedded below. I’d love to hear your thoughts in the comments on either, as well as links to any favorite speeches of Albert your own. Posted on: May 22, 2012. Please check out Tools of review University of Southampton Titans, my latest book, which shares the tactics, routines, and how to write academic essays College habits of essay Stevenson Academy billionaires, icons, and world-class performers. It was distilled from more than 10,000 pages of notes, and everything has been vetted and tested in my own life in some fashion. The tips and tricks in Tools of Titans changed my life, and academic essays I hope the School same for you. Click here for how to write essays, sample chapters, full details, and a Foreword from help International School of Milan, Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Comment Rules: Remember what Fonzie was like? Cool. That’s how we’re gonna be — cool. Critical is fine, but if you’re rude, we’ll delete your stuff. Please do not put your URL in how to academic essays the comment text and please use your PERSONAL name or initials and not your business name , as the Stevenson latter comes off like spam. Have fun and thanks for how to essays College, adding to the conversation! (Thanks to Brian Oberkirch for the inspiration) 152 comments on essay Academy, “ Neil Gaiman – The Best Commencement Speech You May Ever Hear (20 Minutes) ”

Yes first comment. If I post a rude/offensive reply to this crap will it get deleted? Constructive comments are always welcome… Thank you Tim, this is just what I needed to hear #128578; Pretty hard to beat “Pale Blue Dot” by write Albert College, Carl Sagan. There’s a good collection of commencement speeches on writing images Stevenson Academy, Quora: I second this- DFW is not only a master writer and philosopher, but also a very entertaining speaker.

Brilliant. Reminds me in some ways of the unforgettable Last Lecture from write, Randy Pausch: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ji5_MqicxSo. I found Neil’s speech terribly boring. Sure, the message is valuable, but the essay writing my teacher European delivery was lacking much inspiration IMO. Steve Job’s speech on the other hand, resonated with me. As for favorite speeches, none comes to mind, but I very much enjoy listening to any of Alan Watts’ timeless lectures and can recommend them. Who is Steve Job? One of the best talks I’ve seen in a while. Write Academic Essays College. I’m moving in a week to teach writing in a very disadvantaged school in Denver (93% low-income and 96% non-white) and I’ll definitely be pulling from this. I’ll also be incorporating a lot I’ve learned from you, Tim.

I barely got into a state university but ended up being the first undergraduate to present in the main program of the American Philosophical Association in its 110 year history, was one of two Rhodes and Marshall nominees out of 24,000 students, facilitated a national fundraising partnership without prior networking, and with coursework landed an amazing social change agency consulting job straight out of college. Academic. I went through major lung surgeries throughout all that and am now bouldering V6-ish after having my left lat cut completely in half (largely thanks to 4HB). Anyway, that’s all pretty small beans compared to a lot of persuasive paper your readers but I really can’t thank you enough for how to academic, all the work you’ve done (and will continue to do, through me, for essay writing Stevenson, my students). I wouldn’t have done even a fraction of that if I hadn’t stumbled upon a talk of yours back in the day. I also realize how ironic it is that this comment is abysmally written, given that I’m a writing teacher, but it’s late and beef+coconut aminos are calling my name.

Will watch Neil’s speech shortly, but have to say as commencement speeches go, Jobs and Jeff Bezos are two of my favorites. Here is the Bezos one (skip to 6:26 to avoid academic attempts at humor). http://youtu.be/vBmavNoChZc. Job’s killed it. Galman is great as an alternative to sleeping pills. Absolutely brilliant. If more people’s aim was to how to academic essays make art then not money then more people would have much more money and the world would be full of great art. I always say to people who I am helping to get published on kindle that there is great money to be made but do not publish with making money in mind. Publish because you want to get your work out to people globally. If you do that then the money will come.

Thanks again Tim. This is not a commencement speech but it’s very inspirational and one of University my favorites: The Last Lecture by Randy Pausch: Randy Pausch’s speech for his kids… It seems like this is becoming a genre of its own. One of the how to academic College most useful speeches I’ve seen must be JK Rowling’s Harvard Commencement Speech. Sure, she’s a bit nervous. But her words on failure (“Failure means a stripping away of the inessential”), happens to be some of the best advice I’ve ever heard. I taught public speaking for a few years at review service University of Southampton a university and how to write academic College the Commencement Speech genre is essay my teacher European University Cyprus one of my personal favorite forms of public address. How To Essays College. One of my favorites is David Foster Wallace’s speech to the 2005 class at Kenyon College. It’s hard to find video or audio of the speech because it was published posthumously as an audiobook.

But here is help coursework International of Milan a transcript: http://www.moreintelligentlife.com/story/david-foster-wallace-in-his-own-words. Very inspiring thank you! Other great speeches, well I always liked Schwarzenegger views on hard work determination. “You’re going to write academic find naysayers in University every turn that you make. Don’t listen. Just visualize your goal, know exactly where you want to go.

Trust yourself. Get out there and work like hell. Break some of the rules and never ever be afraid of failure.” – Arnold Schwarzenegger” My favourite speech #128578; I liked this one the best: Profesor Robert Sapolsky: The Uniqueness of write academic Albert Humans. What a great speech! I loved the decision process around whether a next gig will take you towards your distant mountain, or away from it… tempered by with coursework School, the fact that you have to eat. I loved his stories of ‘doing it for the money’ almost never working out (been there, done that).

I loved the transition between putting bottles out to sea, to having to write academic essays refuse some of them when they come back with offers attached. It worked for me. Interesting how universities ask non graduates as guest speakers and persuasive paper who then go out of their way to pay out on traditional education. Thanks so much for sharing. I needed to hear this. And I enjoyed it. I’ve never heard Gaiman’s speech before. It was good and there are some great nuggets of information in write College there.

Job’s has always been a favourite of (Navitas) mine though ever since I heard it. I’ve occasionally refered to academic Albert bits of my life as dots like Jobs mentioned in an essay Les Roches of Hotel this speech. The only how to write essays problem is all these great speeches seem to purposes an essay Les Roches International School come from people who didn’t complete higher education. I’m working hard at finishing my degree (doing my third year after a 7 year break) and wondering if I should just quit and essays make an effort like these guys (Mark Zuckerberg being the modern example). Maybe the dot of article finishing the academic degree will make sense in the future though. Just finished “The Graveyard Book” which I loved.

And he has his acceptance speech for essay writing about my teacher Cyprus, the Newburry in how to academic essays College the back of that book. I loved it. Gaiman is a writer not a speech maker. The fact he’s even standing up there in front of all those people is pretty cool. Of Southampton. I reckon there’s great insight in his words. How To Academic Essays Albert College. Thanks for sharing the my teacher video Tim. Cheers. I don’t really get why the previous comments were so negative towards Neil Gaiman. I think he had excellent points. On Steve Jobs: yes, the Stanford speech is write essays a good one but I am unsure how it has reached the cult status it has.

Personally, I think this short clip from Jobs delivers a much more profound message http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded#038;v=UvEiSa6_EPA. JK Rowlings speech for persuasive Millfield, Harvard is another gem, she is academic essays Albert College hilarious. Looking forward to this. Thanks Tim. I’ve seen Steve Jobs’ speech several times (it’s one of my favs), but I am adding Neil to the list. ” Pretend that you are someone who can.” Best advice in the vid, and the words I needed to hear the most right now. I’m going to link to this vid on my blog. Loved the Gaiman speech. Essay Writing European University Cyprus. You’re right. It’s the write Albert best. “So be wise, because the world needs more wisdom.

And if you cannot be wise, pretend to review University be someone who is wise, and then just behave like they would”. This will come in handy. Gracias Tim. Unos tacos a tu salud. Stardust is probably my favorite Neil Gaiman book. How To Academic College. But, like Tim, I love most of what he’s written.

This speech is wonderful. Great speech! Nice to see you have these Sandman editions from Conrad. I worked as proofreader on these books. Cheers from Brazil, JK Rowling: The Fringe Benefits of essay writing Academy Failure. JK Rowling: The Fringe Benefits of Failure. Rowling’s talk is write Albert College good. Thanks for service University, this.

I am 4 weeks away from finishing my degree (which has taken me 25 years to academic complete – literally). Writing European Cyprus. Just this week I’ve made a huge shift toward pursuing a career in write essays College not only something that I’m good at, but something that I *enjoy.* It sounds so simple, just typing it out. I really like this one by Victor Lucas (TV producer and creator of the review Electric Playground). I’ve met him in real life and how to write academic College he’s extremely kind. “College is something you complete…Life is something you experience. So don’t worry about your grade, or the results, or success. Success is defined in myriad ways.

And you will find it. And people will no longer be grading you, but it will come from your own internal sense of service of Southampton decency.” I love ‘The Greatest Speech Ever Given’ and with this video. It’s not a commencement speech but more so one that is suitable for all people at all stages of life. It’s a true ‘how to think and how to live speech’. Often the whole point of how to write academic essays life is lost to pointless want and greed within the grand scale of coursework things. Excellent. I especially love the when Neil said: “Be wise..

But if you cannot be wise, just pretend to be someone who is write academic College wise and then just do what they would.” I first heard something like this from writing a travel article Griffith (Navitas), Tony Robbins as an NLP concept, but it’s always great to be reminded to model your heroes or ideal self and then act “as if” you were them. My favorite speech is by Conan O’ Brien: Worth the information and how to write academic essays laughs. the will ferrell Harvard speech from 2003 is International one of the classics as well…it’s in 5 parts on youtube – here i part 1 – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iVu8jfhcO9k. I liked Jobs’ speech. I love David Foster Wallace’s commencement speech from Kenyon College in 2005.

I listen to it and how to academic re-read it often. Right up there with Roosevelt’s The Strenuous Life speech for personal impact. Great speech! I have been a fan of Neil Gaiman’s since he actually came to speak to a class I took as an English major at UC Santa Barbara. The class was on science fiction writing, and I remember the professor felt that science fiction didn’t get the respect it deserved from so-called literary critics. More specifically, the professor felt that graphic novels didn’t get the respect they deserved as works of literature, which is why we were reading Neil Gaiman. It really gave me an appreciation of help coursework International of Milan how incredibly creative Gaiman’s works were. This is great Tim. A truly great reminder to do what you love and how to write academic everything else will follow.

Love the comment about when you feel like you are starting to expose yourself, you are starting to get it right. Let go and enjoy the ride! Awesome! These videos are absolutely a must see for anyone aspiring greatness. Thanks. The Neil is essay images Stevenson Academy always good stuff. The audiobooks of him reading his own stuff are fantastic. How To Write. And his live readings are excellent as well.

Anyway, I just wanted to say: importing foreign language versions of Sandman to writing Griffith (Navitas) help learn other languages–Slick. I think you have given me a tool I can use there…many thanks. That was an how to write essays College amazing speech. School. With great humor Neil was able to get several points across that I wish I had learned earlier in my life. Essays. =) I will be sharing this with my kids with the Stevenson Academy hope that they will listen, learn, and leverage the life lessons shared.

Thanks Tim for how to write, sharing with all of us. Great point by Neil – “If you don’t know it’s impossible, it’s easier to do.” The $100k debt that college graduates find themselves in these days is pretty humbling, unfortunately… Good timing, as I was just preparing a blog post “commencement speech” built around the advice I plug and play when asked to visit with a recent grad or someone between jobs. Writing Article Griffith (Navitas). I liked lots of what Neil had to say. However, I the how to essays College “you get a job however you can” mentality is discrediting. Recently, an oft-recommended blogger’s post explained about how to sneak into a not-for-profit fundraiser to make professional connections. (Yip.

Sneaking and stealing advice made worse still, because his mentor suggested he do so!) So Neil’s retelling of his lie-ful resume, with no embarrassment and a soundtrack of audience applause, is another disappointing moment. Such lack of writing images Stevenson Academy integrity is an instant business deal-killer for me. Why on write academic essays Albert College, earth would I want to work with a lier? (I hope no one dare reply with “everyone lies on their resume,” or something equally juvenile.) That both of these men, from positions of influence, boasts their lack of integrity is nearly worse than their original and repetitive offenses. Get caught stealing from QT, and there’s due process.

Steal from a not-for-profit, or lie to images get a job (essentially stealing what isn’t deserved), and it’s all acceptable if it helps you get what you want?! Slippery slope to Enron, Wall Street, and a long list of sad tales of how to write essays College people pursuing money at all costs. Slippery and slimy. I too was disappointed in the encouragement and justification of writing my teacher Cyprus lying to get the job. Let’s set the write academic essays College bar high for integrity!

I do, however, believe that people should worry less and enjoy the journey more. Easier said then done, I know. Love that speech. I thought his delivery was very genuine and if the substance of it wasn’t enough to keep you awake, then no one can help you. Reminded me a bit of the book Born to Run where the connection is writing article Griffith University (Navitas) made between the write academic essays Albert College introduction of School money and the decline of the American long distance runner. Write Essays Albert. The best work comes from passion and enjoyment for the work itself, not from the pursuit of money. Money is the University byproduct of write essays Albert College passion and joy-filled work.

Anyway, thanks for sharing Tim. Writing A Travel (Navitas). Gaiman nailed it. He addressed all the write academic essays fears that come with trying to do something creative. Very inspiring. Nice speech, especially the essay my teacher European University bit about his publisher going into liquidation. But my favourite commencement address is from Ursula Le Guin: http://www.ursulakleguin.com/LeftHandMillsCollege.html. Absolutely brilliant. Thank you SO much for sharing, and being awesome. “Not that I am a genius, but that I HAVE a genius.” E bem bonito, maravilhoso para artistas.

Aproveita-se! This is sweet and at my alma mater, ‘UARTS’… J.K. Rowling at Harvard Business school. I have listened to it a few times in the last week. Wow amazing. Cheers Tim! Definitely one of the best graduation speeches Ive ever heard. Write Academic Essays Albert College. The other one that had a profound effect on me is by J K Rowling: http://harvardmagazine.com/2008/06/the-fringe-benefits-failure-the-importance-imagination. I was fascinated that failure seemed like such a common thread between many of these talks… yet it is something which the majority look to avoid at International School of Hotel all costs.

It inspired myself and a few friends to try and start a global movement gathering failure stories or in Neil’s words: “glorious and fantastic mistakes” and sharing them with the world. This was nice. I have been a fan since the Sandman days but regardless of my enjoyment of his work, I appreciate the academic essays Albert College universality of International his message. How To College. I work in a field where taking risks is not encouraged. Mostly, though, I think about these things as I have a little girl and writing my teacher University I want her to be brave enough to leap, fall down, get up and leap out again. Thanks for sharing. Well, there’s this one, J.K Rowling’s 2008 commencement speech at Harvard:

Jobs’ speech is the BOMB! But Gaiman’s speech is also full of great advice and slightly entertaining. Nice way to get a break without getting too pumped up (as Jobs’ speech makes you feel!). J.K. Rowling’s commencement speech is how to Albert College ridiculously inspiring. She’s a beautiful human being inside and out. Also, I’ll second the endorsement of Conan’s speech, which is riotously funny.

Thanks for a travel article, posting. I surreptitiously watched the write essays College Gaiman video after I got into work, while I should have been doing something else. I have been tinkering around the edges of an essay Les Roches School of Hotel a full-time writing career for years – years! – and after pondering over how to Albert Mr. Gaiman’s comments for the next two hours, it made me so crazy that I knew I couldn’t sit in my cubicle for the rest of the day. I claimed illness, slipped away at lunch, and came home so I could watch and listen to the video again with full attention. It has left me with the unshakable conviction that I can’t screw around any more. It’s time to do and not think about doing. Honesty delivered with humor. Essay European Cyprus. I like this. Excellent advice Tim.

Neil’s is great, but borrows/parallels Vaclav Havel’s brilliant speech acceptin an honorary award from the Israeli’s. Never heard of the first guy, but that was fantastic. I’ve definitely seen the Steve Jobs speech at how to academic Albert College least a dozen times, and watching it for about my teacher European University, #13 was just as good. Thanks for how to Albert, the awesome shares. Great speech for creative minds; I like Jobs’ more, though. Tim!

Love this! The funny thing is I never considered myself an artist/writer until recently and essay writing my teacher am still waiting for the “fraud police” any day to knock on my door and discover my secret as well. Make good ART! is a mantra that anyone should follow. Pour yourself into write academic Albert, what you do and let everything else fall into persuasive, place. That’s “your” art. Write Essays Albert College. whether it’s numbers, sports, or singing. Make good art. David Foster Wallace’s excellent 2005 commencement speech for purposes of writing Les Roches of Hotel, Kenyon College always inspires me. http://youtu.be/vET9cvlGJQw.

Gaiman nailed it. Denzel Washington at UPenn 2011 Commencement speech. “You don’t see a U-haul behind a hearse” -Denzel. sandman is the best comic oh man. is anyone going to make a movie out of that? its long overdue, although it will be tough to do the comic justice. I hope Keanu doesn’t play the sandman in the movie…I’m hoping for Peter O’Toole. Very impressed with Neil Gaiman’s speech. Does this mean we’ll see some fiction from you after 4HC? I also upvote Rowling’s speech. As many have mentioned JK Rowling’s speech at Harvard is fantastic. That’s great – replace “art” with “work” or “X” and the lessons transfer across domains. I love the moving towards a mountain metaphor.

I left law school at the end of 2011 without the slightest idea what I would do. But I had a goal in mind – I had read your book and wanted to be independent and live life on my own terms. So I just concentrated on how to academic essays Albert, moving in essay writing about University Cyprus that direction. If anything new came up, I asked myself if it would help or hurt my goals. Somehow it worked. Now I earn. 15,000 per year in royalties, do work I enjoy and write essays College have plenty of free time, which I’m using to an essay Les Roches learn computer programming. People look at what I did and after the fact say “good plan”….but there was no plan, and *while* I was on this path people thought I was crazy.

My only how to essays Albert plan remains: move towards the mountain. With International School. I still don’t know what I’m doing, except that each month I seem to be closer than I was before. “Pretend like you’re the academic Albert sort of person who can do that.” is also key. last lecture by randy pausch, absoluteley another level. “You have one thing that’s unique.

You have the writing Academy ability to make art” I think no matter who we are, we all have that ONE gift, that ONE thing that no one else can do better. I’ve always had trouble having fun, and getting in touch with my passion. I was really into creative writing, particularly short stories. But I put so much pressure on how to academic Albert College, myself to succeed as a published writer.

I’ve been striving to get in touch with my passion, I’m not sure if creative writing was meant to be my special gift, but I’ve always had a knack for writing. The way to know that it is a passion is if you lose your sense of review service of Southampton time, you become so immersed in it, because it just makes you so excited and alive inside, you just let go of all the bullshit that’s been weighing you down. The real challenge is taking that passion and learning to make a living off of it. So people can pay you to follow your passion. No alot of speeches REALLY inspier me but this one did.

There’s one main thing that really touched me and how to academic Albert College it was, “The urge, starting out, is to copy and that’s not a bad thing. Most of about my teacher European us only write academic essays Albert find our own voices after we’ve sounded like a lot of other people, but the one thing that nobody else has ….. is YOU.” Fantastic and thanks Tim for bringing this video to our attention. You deserve a very warm (and mighty) thanks from me. With School Of Milan. If you didn’t introduce Neil Gaiman to me, I would never find out how to academic Albert College I was missing such an awesome world created by him. The video is so inspiring. Writing Article Griffith (Navitas). And it’s not superfluous, like a lot others. Thank you again.

Thank you. This was a wonderful treat to watch and listen to. The timing for me was fantastic! I have to admit…I don’t follow any other blog…most are one read and I’m done. You…I look forward to the email…so again…Thank you. To start with the positives. Somewhere between seeing Gaiman’s gaunt face and how to write College the mention of comics, I was reminded of Dylan Dog, a great comic from persuasive Millfield School, my childhood. How To Essays Albert. Also, the of writing an essay Les Roches International School Management autobiographical bits might be interesting to those of us who already like Gaiman, and the few bits of humor helped with the overlong 20 minute mark. Aside from that, I didn’t get much out of this talk. It’d make a good read, perhaps?

There are two nonexclusive types of how to Albert College great speakers. Teachers and inspirers. Gaiman did a fine job, but I didn’t learn anything particularly valuable… and with coursework School I certainly don’t feel inspired. Other’s mileage may vary. My favorite talk? I’m biased, but: Ken Robinson: Do schools kill creativity? – Chris Sacca – that was my favourite. My primary school’s motto was, “A child’s mind is academic Albert College not a vessel to be filled but a fire to be kindled”, which is paper School tidy way to summarise many of the academic Albert brilliant links above. Back in April, I discovered a written version of essay a talk called ‘Mind Twists’, by a man called Ian Rowland, who is a member of the Magic Circle and has taught the FBI to read minds. At the time, I was compelled, like you, to compare it to Steve Job’s commencement speech in write terms of brilliance and writing about my teacher European University Cyprus power.

You can read ‘Mind Twists’, and my thoughts, at this link – Incredible speech, the best 20 minutes I’ve spent in a while. My favorite speech has always been Jim Valvano’s 1993 ESPY speech. Although not a speech, but a collage of interviews with Will Smith, this is write essays Albert College very inspiring. This one quote sums it up. “If we get on a treadmill together, there are 2 things. Writing Images Academy. Either your gonna get off first, or I’m gonna die, its really that simple”

Randy Pausch (Last Lecture Fame) produced another less well known lecture on write Albert College, time management before he departed which is purposes of writing Les Roches of Hotel Management excellent. Definitely stresses the importance of his tips when he tells you this is what he does to academic essays Albert College get the most out of the time he has left before he dies in a few months. you’re right tim this may be the best commencement speech i will ever hear. he has a tasteful humor and a brilliant honesty that exudes class..now im compelled to read his material. Purposes School Of Hotel. as a creative, i feel it was an honest message and a clever and how to write academic different way of looking at writing images things.. i also like how he shouted out his own work “Coraline” and says how it came about as a mistake. great post tim.. I often watch the speech from Uncle Steve to how to write Albert keep me on writing Academy, track. Another one you might like is the “How Bad Do You Want It?” video: Speechless and Inspired! Sorry to academic College be late, that was enjoyable, maybe not the best ever, but I think I want to Millfield read Sandman now, I know me and my kids enjoyed coraline, so if that is any indication of sandman, and Tim is essays College a big fan, then I have at least try a book or two of of writing an essay International of Hotel his!

Thanks for how to academic essays Albert College, the post! I especially heard Steve Jobs’ 3rd story. Of Southampton. If what you are doing now is NOT what you would be doing if today were your last day, then you better change something. I’m reading your book “The 4-Hour Workweek”, and am endeavoring to make my new business ultra efficient and ultra effective, like I imagine you teach in your book. This all ties into academic essays Albert, creating a life I find exciting and leveraging more intelligently in help with coursework of Milan order to have the Albert College time, the money, and paper the freedom to move about. Tim, you never fail to amaze me. As I strictly follow your information-diet-advice, at how to academic Albert College the moment I only allow myself to consume thoughts of Neil Gaiman – and you ;o) And how wonderful to check your blog today and to see his speech ;o) Cheers from Cologne, Refreshingly honest and Griffith University (Navitas) resonates with my life…. not everyone who is successful went to college, some of write essays Albert College us were lucky enough to writing article follow our bliss and make it!

I found a transcript of Neil?s speech here: Pretty lame and boring post and write academic College subject matter, step it up man. Great speach if you are creative or an artist most likely you would have stayed awake to understand his great points. I had the profound good fortune to sit in on another remarkable commencement speech a few weeks ago. This one was for the UC Hastings College of Law class of 2012, and the speaker was San Francisco Public Defender Jeff Adachi (wikipedia him – his story is freakin’ cool). The man has done quite a job of Academy designing a lifestyle centered around his obviously genuine and true passion for justice. I was impressed by not only his achievements, but by how to write academic essays, his expressions of gratitude for those who came before him (and how he highlighted key aspects of their characters and personal experiences), and the valuable gems he shared for persuasive paper, the new graduates as “take-home” messages for their budding law careers. Adachi is in your backyard, Tim. I (and quite a few others) would be intrigued to see what may come of an interaction between you and him – social, of course; don’t get yourself into any trouble… not that you’d ever need a PUBLIC defender at this point in your 14th minute of your 15 min of fame #128521; Much love and many thanks for all you have done and will continue to do – that goes for write academic essays College, many of this blog’s readers, as much as it goes for Tim. Both of these speeches are inspiring.

I wish I had heard Neil’s ten years ago… “Mary Schmich’s “Advice, like youth, probably just wasted on the young” was published in persuasive School the Chicago Tribune as a column on June 1, 1997. In her introduction to the column, she described it as the commencement address she would give if she were asked to give one.” Great speech. And many more great ones in the comments. I love listening to them over and over again. for new episodes. Ray Dalio, The Steve Jobs of Investing.

Favorite Books, Supplements, Simple Technologies, and essays College More. Filmmaker Darren Aronofsky — Exploring Creativity, Ignoring Critics, and Making Art. How to review service University Cure Anxiety — One Workaholic’s Story, Six Techniques That Work. Some Practical Thoughts on write academic, Suicide. The Not-To-Do List: 9 Habits to Stop Now. How to a travel article University Learn (But Not Master) Any Language in 1 Hour (Plus: A Favor)

30-Day Challenges (2) 4-Hour Case Studies (47) Automation (7) Dance (3) E-mail Detox (23) Entrepreneurship (60) Fearless (2) Filling the Void (89) Gadgets (15) Geoarbitrage (8) Interviews (29) Investing (18) Language (16) Low-Information Diet (42) Marketing (54) Mental Performance (42) Mini-retirements (24) Muse Examples (9) Nonsense (5) Opening the Kimono – OTK (4) Outsourcing Life (17) Physical Performance (50) Practical Philosophy (35) Presentations (3) Protecting Time (13) Quarterly Shipments (3) Random (29) Remote Offices (7) Rockstar Living in… (5) Rust and Iron (2) Science (4) The 4-Hour Body – 4HB (48) The 4-Hour Chef – 4HC (39) The 4-Hour Chef Recipes (1) The Book – 4HWW (43) The Slow-Carb Diet (4) The Tim Ferriss Experiment – TFX (11) The Tim Ferriss Show (245) Tim Ferriss Book Club (6) Tools of Titans (7) Travel (66) Tribe of Mentors (1) Uncategorized (42) Writing and Blogging (24) THE 4-HOUR® is how to academic Albert a registered trademark of Tim Ferriss.

Write My Essay : 100% Original Content -
Albert camus essay - College Writing Services & Top Quality Essays

About Our Custom Essay Writing Service. Students today are looking for effective ways to cope with their homework and improve their knowledge and skills in various disciplines. Asking friends for advice or spending long hours trying to complete complicated assignments doesn’t lead to the best possible results. Students want to kill two birds with one stone: expend minimum effort and write academic Albert College, still get their tasks done on time. So, using custom writing services is a common practice to get results fast. Every student knows that a research paper writing service can only be called reliable if it provides original content, ensures fast delivery and makes prices affordable. EssayLib.com is a professional essay writing company that fully meets all these expectations. Our personal approach in both developing the content and help with coursework International School, calculating the lowest price forms the basis of our custom service.

If you’re bored with the academic essays Albert very idea of writing or simply don’t have enough time to complete your assignments, use our custom essay writing service. Our team of well-trained and gifted writers will assist you with any issue. Of Writing An Essay International School Of Hotel? We provide help with writing a paper in multiple ways for various types of orders. Our sound knowledge and how to academic Albert, the exceptional writing skills of our specialists provide perfect assistance to help you with your studies. Cooperation with Experienced Writers.

EssayLib.com is the best choice for any student. We never hire under-qualified writers in our company. On the contrary, our top-rated specialists form an academic team of experts. They’re freelance writers from the UK, US, Canada and Australia. They’re used to surpassing writing challenges and providing first-class, quality results. Our experts prove their competence at research by selecting relevant information and arranging the parts of each order in a logical sequence. Their writing skills are fantastic, as well as their degree of creativity and images Academy, competence with formatting. As a result, every customer gets a fabulous sample paper. Correct structure and citing guaranteed! The numerous advantages you’ll get from us will make your studies easier and help you overcome any nagging academic problems. Completing homework won’t take as much time as it used to, so get ready for a change!

For example, if you need a format that’s typical for American or English educational standards – it won’t pose any difficulty for our writers and editors. Academic Albert College? Every order can be completed in your choice of APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, or Turabian. The academic level for orders can vary, so we won’t restrict you to one or two particular options. Griffith (Navitas)? Regardless of your academic level, the personal helpers from write essays EssayLib.com will write a sample paper geared to of Southampton, the academic level you require: college, university, or PhD. We accept all kinds of orders, from essays of different types to complex analysis and research papers.

Here you can order a project or dissertation. Academic diversity and flexibility – that’s what we demonstrate with our work. The content of write academic essays Albert College, every paper is arranged according to the personal instructions of the individual customer. No academic sample is used twice or offered to help with School, another client. How To Academic Essays College? All orders are written from scratch to reach the essay writing European University Cyprus highest possible level of originality. How To Academic Essays? Live chat communication with the writer. Of Southampton? At EssayLib.com, you can easily get in touch with your writing expert through live chat communication. Discuss the vital points of academic essays, your order – all suggestions will be reflected in your completed sample. Every completed sample is thoroughly checked for plagiarism with special software. It helps us reach a high degree of originality with every order.

We offer convenient methods of delivery. Millfield? Get your sample online and download it in your preferred format: PDF or DOC. Affordable price convenient way of payment. We offer prices to make our service affordable on any budget. We calculate prices on an individual basis. You fill the details of your order in the online chart and how to academic College, get your results immediately. Review Service University Of Southampton? Many customers prefer to how to academic, pay for their order in installments. You can pay only upon receipt of review service University, each completed part of how to write academic essays Albert, your order. Feel Safe and Secure with EssayLib.com.

No student wants to an essay School of Hotel, jeopardize his or her grade. Some of you may be unsure whether it’s safe to write Albert College, use our custom help. We’re happy to help coursework International, say that at write Albert College EssayLib.com, we provide assistance that is completely legal and writing European, secure. Moreover, it is our sincere desire to improve your knowledge and sharpen writing skills. You won’t get a copy of someone else’s work or a plagiarized paper with a low degree of originality from us. Every writer creates their sample paper from scratch and how to write essays, after careful analysis chooses only the most suitable information, documenting every source.

After that, by means of paraphrasing, the writer creates the custom content of the essay writing images Academy order. College? Then he or she makes a list of essay my teacher Cyprus, needed citation. The final stage of the order is checking it for how to write College, plagiarism. When it comes to your personal information, none of your information is ever disclosed to third parties, but simply stored in our database. Safe cooperation – that’s what you get in addition to a good paper! Just a few clicks and a perfect sample lands in your inbox! Fill in the form and review service, specify the details of your order – academic level, type of paper, discipline and topic. Tell us about your requirements and instructions and set the deadline. Our experienced team is ready to how to academic College, complete it!

We’re confident that you will agree that custom written essays and custom term papers created by our academic guides deserve your trust and, when used as a model for review University, you own work, will help you achieve a high grade from your professor. Order now and buy custom assistance from academic College a credible academic source! If you want to check your text for plagiarism click here. Review Of Southampton? High School - $10 / page College - $13 / page University - $16 / page Master's - $21 / page Ph.D. - $28 / page. Approx. 275 words / page Font: 12 point Arial/Times New Roman Double line spacing Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard) Free bibliography page Free title page Free table of contents Free revisions according.

508 writers active 95.96 % of orders delivered on time 8.5 out of 10 current average quality score. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. By continuing to browse this site, you give consent for cookies to academic essays Albert College, be used. For more details, including how you can amend your preferences, please read our Cookie Policy.

Buy Essays Online from Successful Essay -
Albert camus essay - College Writing Services & Top Quality Essays

cancer thesis pdf If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, you need to be sure there isn't anything embarrassing hidden in the middle of text. All the Lorem Ipsum generators on the Internet tend to repeat predefined chunks as necessary when looking at its layout fact that a reader will. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, you need to be sure there isn't anything embarrassing hidden in the middle of text. All the Lorem Ipsum generators on the Internet tend to repeat predefined chunks as necessary when looking at its layout fact that a reader will.

Our Specialized Free Dissertation Consultations. Top Quality Academic Experts are available 24/7. The expert of Academic Editing and Proofreading industry has over grown over the years. We are self-assured you will get attracted towards our work which we produce we assure the final high degree of the work. Unlike others, if your work doesn't meet our exacting standards, you can claim a full refund. We promise you will love it. Consequently, we employ our editors and proofreaders from how to academic many different backgrounds. Some are teachers, examiners and researchers. We are the article University, one who stipulate the proper provision in how to write academic essays Albert the industries of proofreading and of writing Les Roches School of Hotel Management, editing to offer 24/7 support to our clients. • We provide authentic references relevant to your paper. • Guaranteed original editing and proofreading.

• Your satisfaction is on the first step. Top Quality Edit and Proofreading Service for your Essay and Assignments as per Academic Standards. Our proofreaders stipulate you the write academic essays, proper draft of your essay for the submission. We polish your words, choice of vocabulary, phrases and specially the grammatical errors, to verify your quotation and references agreed with the style guide. HIGHLY EXPERIENCED PROOF READERS ARE HERE TO HELP YOU IN YOUR ESSAYS TO MAKE THEM THE BEST ONES. WE REFLECT ON THE QUALITY. Our professionals are here for your convenience. We focus on your work quality that would be the huge matter for us. Our editors are here to assist the of writing Les Roches International Management, student work which is based on the essay, thesis and dissertation. WE DELIVER QUALITY AS EVERYONE WANTS QUALITY PAPERS AND WE DON’T COMPROMISE ON QUALITY.

EDITOR CREATE PROPER WAY OUT. Everything that editor do is unique for you. They ensure you to deliver plagiarism free content. The basic way for their proper attention towards your work is that they are the professionals and they know your work importance as well as your field. IF YOU WANT PROFFESIONAL EDITORS YOU ARE AT THE RIGHT PLACE. WE HAVE THE PROFFESIONAL AND EXPERIENCED EDITORS FOR YOU. LINGUISTIC FEEDBACK AND EDITING. The editor concentrates towards the specific organization, paragraph structure, sentence making, appropriate tone and content evaluation. Our approach includes Parallel presentation for ideas, Peculiar diction, Argument evaluation, Coherence and how to essays Albert College, logical conclusions.

WE GIVE THE MOST PERFECT STYLES TO YOUR PAPERS AND EDIT IT ACCORDING TO YOUR REQUIREMENTS AS WE HAVE THE BEST EDITORS. INTENSIVE FORMATTING AND FEEDBACK. In our services, we provide you the proper documentation, evaluation of sources and help with coursework International School of Milan, timeliness, authenticity and credibility for Parenthetical citation, provide proper work cited pages, Bibliographies and other reference sources. OUR EDITORS ARE HERE TO PROVIDE YOU WITH THE BEST THEY WILL SATISFY YOU AND PROVIDE YOU WITH THE PERFECT FORMATTED PAPER THAT WILL TAKE YOU TOWARDS SUCCESS. PROMINENT CLIENT’S SUPPORT. We support our client from every step. We have an experience team to work with you to ease your academic tasks, with several ideas. Academic Essays Albert. We Ensure perfection, Delivered your work before deadline, Guaranteed plagiarism free references. OUR FIRST PRIORITY IS TO SATISFY OUR CUSTOMER AND FOR THAT WE HAVE 24/7 ONLINE CUSTOMER CARE REPRESENTATIVE TO HELP OUR CUSTOMERS.

UK Study Help have created a fully transparent refund policy as we believe that honesty is the best policy. Customers are entitled to claim a full or partial refund if they are not satisfied with the work provided by our expert editors. Customers can request a refund within 7 days after the order delivery under following situations only: If the customer requested the first revision on the paper which came to be not satisfactory than he is help with coursework International School, entitled to request a 50% refund of the amount paid for the order. If the customer requested Second revision on the paper and he is still not satisfied with the write Albert, delivered product than he is entitled to request a 30% of the amount paid for the order. If the persuasive Millfield School, customer requested Third revision on the paper and still find’s the delivered product to be not satisfactory than he is entitled to how to write College request a 15% of the amount paid for International of Milan, the order. Customer would be required to how to write academic provide valid reason and explanation for requesting a refund and also proof of dissatisfaction.

UK Study Help will provide 100% refund incase delivered order by editor was plagiarized. (Proof of plagiarism will be required) UK Study Helpevaluate each refund requests carefully as there are usually unique reasons as to why a refund request is made by the customers. Please note that if you request a refund, we may request documented proof that the an essay of Hotel Management, quality of your order is low (e.g., scan copy of your instructor’s feedback, plagiarism report, etc.). Write Academic. After an evaluation done by our Quality Assurance team by comparing their findings with the reasons for dissatisfaction, the necessary corrective actions will be taken. Any refund request must be made within the Refund Period. A refund request will only be entertained if it is made within seven days of delivery. Once the Refund Period elapses, UK Study Help will not refund any amounts paid.

After the writing University Cyprus, Quality Assurance Department has assessed the refund claim, the refund shall be made within 20 days. All refunds are made at the discretion of UK Study Help. ‘Agreement’ refers to these Terms of Service. Write Albert. ‘Company’ means the writing, entity that provides independent research and writing services to how to College Customers according to the defined terms laid out in this Agreement. ‘Advisor’, is the person, who has agreed to review service University work with the Company (UK Study Help) on set out their limitations by the corporation to stipulate advisory services not above than the Company’s Regulations. ‘Editor/Expert’ is the person, who has agreed to essays work with the with International of Milan, Company on a freelance basis to provide research and how to write academic essays College, writing services under the Company’s terms. ‘Customer’ is the person who places an Order with the Company to obtain the writing my teacher University, Product according to how to academic essays College his or her requirements and governed by the defined terms and review University, conditions laid out in this Agreement. ‘Product’ is a document in an electronic format that is the final result of essays Albert College Order completion. Paper Millfield School. ‘Quality’ Assurance Department’ signifies the part of the Company’s organizational structure with the mission to guard and how to academic essays, evaluate the quality of purposes of Hotel Product and how to write College, service provided. Agreement to Act as UK Study Help Agent for You. UK Study Help acts as an agent for purposes an essay International School of Hotel, qualified Assignment Editing Experts to write essays Albert sell original work to their customers The Customer appoints UK Study Help to of writing an essay International School of Hotel locate an Assignment Editing Expert to carry out research and/or assessment services to the Customer during the term of the how to write essays College, agreement in accordance with these provisions The UK Study Help is writing a travel article Griffith University, entitled to refuse any order at their discretion and in such cases, will refund any payment made by the Customer in respect of that order.

The prices and delivery times quoted on the UK Study Help’s website are illustrative. If an alternative price and/or delivery time offered to the Customer is how to write academic College, unacceptable, the UK Study Help will refund any payment made by about European University Cyprus, the Customer in respect of academic essays that order. In the event that the writing article Griffith University (Navitas), Customer is not satisfied that the Work meets the quality standard they have ordered, the Customer will have the how to College, remedies available to them as set out in review service of Southampton this agreement The Customer is not permitted to make direct contact with the how to Albert College, Assignment Editing Expert — the International, UK Study Help will act as an intermediary between the Customer and essays Albert College, the Assignment Editing Expert. The agreement between the Customer and the UK Study Help shall commence once the UK Study Help have both confirmed that a suitable Assignment Editing Expert is available to about European Cyprus undertake the Albert, Customer’s order and have obtained payment from the Customer The Agreement will continue between the Parties until the time period allowed for amendments has expired, notwithstanding the subsisting clauses stated below, unless terminated sooner by essay writing Academy, either party in accordance with these provisions. In order to provide research and/or assessment services to essays Albert College fulfil the Customer’s Order, the UK Study Help will allocate a suitably qualified Assignment Editing Expert which it deems to hold appropriate levels of qualification and experience to undertake the Customer’s Order The UK Study Help undertakes to exercise all reasonable skill and judgment in persuasive Millfield School allocating a suitable Assignment Editing Expert, having regard to the available Assignment Editing Experts’ qualifications, experience and quality record with us, and to any available information the Albert, UK Study Help has about the Customer’s degree or course Once the UK Study Help has located a suitable Assignment Editing Expert and writing article (Navitas), obtained payment from the Customer, the Customer acknowledges that the Order is binding and no refund will be issued. The Customer will give the how to academic essays Albert, UK Study Help clear briefings and ensure that all the facts given about the Order are accurate The UK Study Help will co-operate fully with the Customer and School, use reasonable care and skill to make the Order provided as successful as is to be expected from a competent UK Study Help. The Customer will help the College, UK Study Help do this by making available to the UK Study Help all relevant information at help coursework International of Milan the beginning of the transaction and how to write essays College, co-operating with the an essay International School, UK Study Help throughout the transaction should the Assignment Editing Expert require any further information or guidance The Customer acknowledges that failure to provide such information or guidance during the course of the transaction may delay the delivery of write their Work, and that the essay images Stevenson, UK Study Help will not be held responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of such delay.

In such cases the ‘Completion on Time Guarantee’ will not apply. Where the Assignment Editing Expert or the how to write Albert College, UK Study Help requires confirmation of any detail they will contact the persuasive paper School, Customer using the essays Albert College, email address or telephone number provided by the Customer The Customer acknowledges that the UK Study Help may accept instructions received using these modes of contact and may reasonably assume that those instructions are generated from the Customer. Delivery – “Completion on Time Guarantee” The UK Study Help agrees to facilitate delivery of all Work before midnight on the due date, unless the due date falls on a travel article (Navitas) a Sunday, Bank Holiday, Christmas Day, or New Year’s Day (“a Non-Working Day”), in academic which case the Work will be delivered the following day before midnight The UK Study Help undertakes that all Work will be completed by of writing Les Roches International School of Hotel, the Assignment Editing Expert on time or they will refund the Customer’s money in full and deliver their Work for free The relevant due date for the purposes of this guarantee is the due date that is set when the order is write academic essays College, allocated to an Assignment Editing Expert . Where a variation to the relevant due date is agreed between the UK Study Help and the Customer, a refund is not due The UK Study Help will not be held liable under this guarantee for any lateness due to technical problems that may arise due to third parties or otherwise, including, but not limited to persuasive issues caused by how to academic Albert College, Internet Service Providers, Mail Account Providers, Database Software, Incompatible Formats and Hosting Providers. The UK Study Help undertakes that if such technical problems occur with a system that they are directly responsible for or that third party contractors provide them with, that they will on request provide reasonable proof of these technical problems, so far as such proof is available, or will otherwise honor its Completion On Time Guarantee in full.

The UK Study Help will have no obligations whatsoever in relation to the Completion on Time Guarantee if the delay in a travel Griffith University the delivery of the Work is as a result of the Customer’s actions – including but not limited to where the Customer has failed to pay an outstanding balance due in relation to the Order, sent in extra information after the how to write College, order has started or changed any elements of the persuasive Millfield School, order instructions. Delays on the part of the Customer may result in the relevant due date being changed according to the extent of the delay without activating the Completion On Time Guarantee. Where the essays, Customer has agreed for article (Navitas), ‘staggered delivery’ with the Assignment Editing Expert , the College, Completion on Time Guarantee relates to the final delivery date of the Work and not to the delivery of individual components of the Work. The Customer agrees that the details provided at the time of placing their Order and making payment may be stored on the UK Study Help’s secure database, on the understanding that these details will not be shared with any third party The UK Study Help agrees that they will not disclose any personal information provided by the Customer other than as required to do so by essay about University Cyprus, any lawful authority, and/or to pursue any fraudulent transactions The UK Study Help operates a privacy policy which complies fully with the requirements of the Data Protection Act. How To Academic Essays Albert. The UK Study Help’s privacy policy is available on the UK Study Help’s websites and a copy can be provided on request. The Customer may not request amendments to their Order specification after payment has been made or a deposit has been taken and essay Stevenson, the Order has been assigned to an Assignment Editing Expert The Customer may provide the Assignment Editing Expert with additional supporting information shortly after full payment or a deposit has been taken, provided that this does not add to or conflict with the details contained in their original Order specification If the Customer provides additional information after full payment or a deposit has been taken and this does substantially conflict with the how to College, details contained in the original Order specification, the UK Study Help may at their discretion either obtain a quote for writing Griffith University (Navitas), the changed specification or reallocate the Order, as soon as is reasonable, to a different Assignment Editing Expert without consulting the Customer. Academic. The Customer understands that this may result in a delay in the delivery of their Work for which the UK Study Help will not be held responsible. Under these circumstances, the ‘Completion on Time’ Guarantee will not be payable. The UK Study Help agrees that if the writing about my teacher University, Customer believes that their completed Work does not follow their exact instructions and/or the how to academic, guarantees of the Assignment Editing Expert as set out on the UK Study Help website, the Customer may request amendments to with coursework International of Milan the Work within 7 days of the Albert College, delivery date, or longer if they have specifically paid to extend the writing a travel Griffith University, amendments period.

Such amendments will be made free of charge to the Customer The Customer is permitted to make one request, containing all details of the required amendments. This will be sent to the Assignment Editing Expert for comment. If the request is reasonable, the academic essays Albert, Assignment Editing Expert will amend the Work and return it to the Customer within twenty-four hours. The Assignment Editing Expert may request additional time to complete the with coursework of Milan, amendments and this may be granted at the discretion of the Customer. If the UK Study Help agrees to refund the Customer in full or part, this refund will be made using the credit or debit card that the Customer used to make their payment initially. If no such card was used (for example, where the essays Albert, Customer deposited the writing a travel article (Navitas), fee directly into the UK Study Help’s bank account) the UK Study Help will offer the write essays College, Customer a choice of with International School refund via bank transfer or credit towards a future order. Write Albert. All refunds are made at the discretion of the UK Study Help. Unless payment is taken at the time of placing an order, once the UK Study Help has found a suitably qualified and experienced Assignment Editing Expert to help International School undertake the Customer’s order, they will contact the Customer by email to take payment. If, at their discretion, the UK Study Help accepts a deposit rather than the full value of the College, Order, the Customer acknowledges that the full balance will remain outstanding at all times and will be paid to the UK Study Help before the delivery date for the Work. The Customer agrees that once an Order is paid for essay my teacher European University Cyprus, then the Assignment Editing Expert allocated by write academic essays Albert College, the UK Study Help begins work on that Order, and that the Academy, Order may not be cancelled or refunded. Until payment or a deposit has been made and the Order has been allocated to how to academic essays College an Assignment Editing Expert , the essay writing images Stevenson, Customer may choose to write academic essays Albert continue with the essay about my teacher European University Cyprus, Order or to cancel the Order at how to write Albert any time The Customer agrees to be bound by the UK Study Help’s refund policies and writing University, acknowledges that due to the highly specialized and individual nature of the services that full refunds will only write essays Albert, be given in International the circumstances outlined in these terms, or other circumstances that occur, in which event any refund or discount is given at the discretion of the UK Study Help.

UK Study Help provides well written, customer Assignment and Essay papers to the students. Papers provided are only for the reference purposes to how to write academic Albert assist the buyer by providing a guideline and University of Southampton, the product provided is intended to be used for research or study purposes. The Customer acknowledges that it does not obtain the copyright to academic essays Albert College the Work supplied through the UK Study Help’s services The Customer acknowledges that the UK Study Help, its employees and the Assignment Editing Expert s on its books do not support or condone plagiarism, and that the UK Study Help reserves the help coursework School, right to refuse supply of services to those suspected of such behavior. The Customer accepts that the UK Study Help offers a service that locates suitably qualified Assignment Editing Expert s for the provision of independent personalized research services in order to help students learn and advance educational standards, and that no Work supplied through the UK Study Help may be passed off as the Customer’s own or as anyone else’s, nor be handed in as the Customer’s own work, either in whole or in part. In addition, the Customer undertakes not to carry out how to write academic essays Albert, any unauthorized distribution, display, or resale of the Work and writing University (Navitas), the Customer agrees to how to write academic Albert College handle the Work in a way that fully respects the fact that the University, Customer does not hold the copyright to the Work. The Customer acknowledges that if the UK Study Help suspects that any essays or materials are being used in violation of the above rules that the UK Study Help has the right to academic College refuse to carry out any further work for the person or organization involved and that the UK Study Help bears no liability for any such undetected and/or unauthorized use The UK Study Help agrees that all Work supplied through its service will not be resold, or distributed, for remuneration or otherwise after its completion. Help International. The UK Study Help also undertakes that Work will not be placed on any website or essay bank after it has been completed. Simon Evans ( Student ) The manner UK study help has removed grammatical, spelling and different mistakes from my research paper, it modified into amazing. Robert Perry ( Student ) It's far absolutely a difficult mission for me to finish my assignments until the professional consultants of how to write academic essays Albert College UK study help. Jessica Rowe( Student ) I really impressed by the work quality provided by you in such economical price. We stipulate editing and proofreading for correction in style, citation, structure, grammatical issues, argument issues and context etc.

The reference content which we deliver to the client is always authentic and proofread by relevant reference sources. Best Grade Guaranteed. We are here for you to fulfill your needs with your spelling, grammar, punctuation and essay images Stevenson Academy, as well as your work layout. We do not provide with any form of how to write academic essays Albert written papers to a travel Griffith University students. This site is academic essays Albert College, primarily built towards guiding the students in ways where they will be able to grasp the ideas and implement them in their own work.

You can contact us for further details. Copyrights 2016 All Rights Reserved. We Value your inquiry and consider it our Top Priority to Get Back to with coursework International you soon as possible with the most relevant answer.

Custom Academic Paper Writing Services -
Albert camus lyrical and critical essays epub, best university essay

Essay: Maintenance of share capital. A share may be described as “ an interest of a shareholder in a company measured by how to write academic Albert College a sum of money for the purpose of liability in the first place and of interest in coursework School of Milan the second ”[1]. Shares also represent the statutory contract between a shareholder and all the other shareholders of the company[2]. The share affords certain rights to the shareholder, such as to receive dividends, to vote on academic essays fundamental decisions and rights to participate in surplus assets. Where a company is brought to an end, any surplus assets are shared after creditors have been discharged[3]. In practice, where the Company has gone into liquidation, there is often insufficient money to pay its creditors and since the creditors’ rights come before those of the shareholders, the investment can be seen as a risky one in with International School of Milan which the investor may lose all of their money[4]. Similarly, creditors considering lending funds to a limited company will need to be aware that under the Companies Act 2006 (“CA2006”), the liability of members of a company limited by shares to such parties, is the balance that remains unpaid on any shares held by them[5]. Such liability can only come to an end by payment in full of that balance[6], at which point the amount paid is termed ‘paid up’ capital[7]. Once all capital is paid up, in the absence of any other agreement (such as a director personally securing his assets against a bank loan), the members will not owe the creditors any unpaid amounts – but the creditors have access to this information and so can make an how to write informed decision on whether to purposes of writing an essay Les Roches School of Hotel lend or not, although in practice, other factors will usually have more bearing on this decision.

Where a lending institution or creditor is considering offering facilities to a company, they may want to know how much the shareholders paid for their shares, and the amount that remains unpaid. Under Section 542(1)[8], shares in how to academic Albert a limited company must have a fixed nominal, or ‘par’, value. This indicates the minimum price to purposes an essay Les Roches School of Hotel Management be paid for write academic, the shares. When the Company is registered, certain information is required which will be available to others to view, including the International names and addresses of the original members of the Company, the total number of shares in the Company, the aggregate nominal value and the amount paid/unpaid on academic essays Albert College each share[9]. For most private companies this will be ?1, and this is unaffected by the market performance of the Company[10]. If it were possible for a company to return the equity that its shareholders had invested to them during its lifetime, the rules discussed that put a creditor’s interests first would be undermined.

If the help with School equity was returned to the shareholders and then the Company went into liquidation, the remaining assets would be insufficient to academic essays pay the liabilities to the creditors, and the shareholders’ interests would have taken priority in a travel article Griffith (Navitas) effect[11]. Therefore, there are rules in place that generally dictate that share capital should be both discoverable, and should not be reduced. Where the company is limited by write academic essays shares or by guarantee, the fixed amount of the company’s capital cannot be changed, except by alteration of the memorandum of association by one of the methods that the CA2006 permits[12]. Persuasive Paper. For private companies, there is no minimum share capital, whereas for public companies there must be a minimum authorised and issued share capital for how to write academic Albert College, it to carry on business, currently ?50,000[13]. Essay Writing Images Academy. Under CA2006, companies must comply with certain requirements regarding the maintenance and write Albert College reduction of persuasive paper Millfield School, share capital, for the benefit of creditors in a winding up. Over time, the rules relating to the maintenance of share capital have changed, and various provisions have been introduced which allow share capital to be reduced in certain circumstances. Write Academic Essays. Companies have the power to review service University buy back shares they have issued before. They can also finance an outside party’s purchase of shares, which has the effect of reducing assets.

Sometimes, reducing the capital is a good option for the Company’s health and does not affect the how to academic College creditor’s interests – for example, where the Company has issued more shares than it needs, or has made significant losses, a reduction would effectively recognise the writing images Academy Company’s true position. There are various rules which govern under what circumstances such activity can take place[14]. A company may reduce its share capital, for example, by extinguishing or reducing the outstanding liability on unpaid or partly paid shares; cancelling unpaid share capital which is lost or unrepresented; or repaying unpaid share capital that is in excess of the company’s needs[15]. Its members must pass a special resolution and directors must make a statement as to solvency within 15 days before the write academic Albert resolution, to say the Company can pay its debts within a year of the statement being made[16]. This applies to private companies; but there is persuasive paper Millfield, a second method for private and all other companies whereby the shareholders pass the special resolution and then the Company applies to Court to Albert College confirm the reduction.

This will be approved if satisfactory arrangements have been put in place to writing images Academy protect the Company’s creditors[17]. Redeemable Shares and Buy Backs. Where a company seeks to ‘buy back’ some of its shares, this means that the Company is returning the shareholder’s investment. Academic Essays Albert. This appears primie facie to breach the rules regarding maintenance of capital; and there is a provision in the CA2006[18] relating to this which states that the Company may not acquire its own shares. There are, however, exceptions, subject to stringent rules.

Under Section 684(1)[19], companies may issue redeemable shares (i.e. Paper School. shares that may be bought back) where the company has issued only non-redeemable shares previously[20]. How To Academic. Where the Company is public, they may only issue redeemable shares if this is permitted in their Articles of Association. The terms, conditions and manner of redemption of the a travel Griffith University redeemable shares is set by the Directors before the shares are alloted[21], authorised by an ordinary resolution of the Company’s members or by the Articles[22]. On redemption, the write essays Albert College shares to be redeemed have to be fully paid up[23]. The effect of redemption is that the shares are cancelled, and the nominal value of them is essay about Cyprus, deducted from the Company’s issued share capital[24]. A company may also want to buy back its shares as an write academic Albert investment, perhaps because a major shareholder wishes to leave the business.

Under s.690(1)[25], this is possible regardless of whether the persuasive paper School shares were issued as redeemable or not. There are rules regulating this as for redemptions; for how to essays Albert College, example, that the articles must not prohibit the buy-back[26] and a special resolution must be made before the contract to buy-back the shares is created[27]. This can be contrasted with redeemable shares which can be redeemed at any time without further resolution; the resolution relates only to the issue of help with coursework International School, such shares. Redemption and academic College buy-back does not always reduce capital. Under the CA2006, it is preferable that sources other than capital are used to fund such activities. With Coursework School Of Milan. Only when no such sources exist can a Company resort to using capital to how to academic essays Albert College make the transactions. Companies may use distributable profits (usually available for payment of essay about European, dividends), or the proceeds of a new issue of how to essays Albert, shares made especially for the purpose of funding redemption or buy-back[28]. Where the buy-back is funded by new shares, there is no reduction in share capital, because the amount bought back is replaced by the new shares[29].

Where distributable profits are used, the Company has to replace the share capital that has been redeemed or bought back. Essay Stevenson Academy. It is how to essays Albert, required to record that the payment has reduced the amount available for dividends, and must therefore transfer an amount equal to the nominal value of the shares being bought back, from the account representing distributable profits, into a capital redemption reserve. This is regarded as part of the Company’s permanent investment, replacing the reduction in share capital[30]. Private companies who find that distributable profits and the proceeds of an issue of help of Milan, shares will not cover the purchase price required for the buy back, can fund the transaction from how to write academic essays, capital where the Articles of the Company permit this[31]. Paper School. Because the reduction could potentially harm creditors’ interests, there are a number of requirements; for example, that the payment of capital has to be approved by Albert College special resolution[32], and the directors have to make a statement of solvency[33] supported by an auditor’s report[34]. Financing the Acquisition of Shares. There is with International School, a general prohibition on the giving of financial assistance to acquire shares under Sections 678 and 679 CA2006. This is because such a transaction could reduce share capital. However, this applies only to public companies, and their subsidiaries[35]; not to private companies. Assistance given to purchase shares before or at the time of the acquisition of shares will be unlawful[36].

Further, assistance given after the how to Albert College acquisition to reduce or discharge a liability in connection with the acquisition, will also be unlawful[37]. For example, if the a travel article Griffith (Navitas) Company paid off a loan that the shareholder used to acquire the shares, this would have the effect of indirectly returning the write College shareholder’s investment, which would reduce share capital. The shareholder’s interests would then take priority over those of the creditor, which the law seeks to prevent. There are, however, some exceptions to the rule at Section 681(2) CA2006; for example, where lawful dividends are paid to a shareholder (even if these are to be used to purchase further shares[38]). The fact that these provisions do not apply to private companies is something of a puzzle.

If providing financial assistance in acquiring shares risks prejudicing the interests of the review service of Southampton creditor, as well as of write academic essays, any shareholder who does not accept the offer to acquire their shares or to writing article Griffith (Navitas) whom the offer is not made[39], why abolish the restriction in its entirely for College, private companies? The reasons given by the Company Law Steering Group are that the financial assistance prohibition is not required for Millfield School, capital maintenance purposes, and that existing company and insolvency law is sufficient to create the protections which the prohibition would provide if it covered private companies also. Further, there is how to essays Albert College, wide agreement that the old provisions of essay writing Academy, ss 151–158 of CA1985 cause inconvenience, cost and irritation in the course of Albert, private company share sales, particularly in relation to situations where reasonable commercial terms could be agreed that were non-prejudicial to shareholders and creditors alike, but which fell under the head of “unlawful financial assistance”[40]. The rules relating to the maintenance of share capital have been criticised as an unnecessary restriction of companies, since in practice, share capital is regarded as a “relatively unimportant measure of a company’s ability to (Navitas) repay its creditors”[41]. The argument here is that creditors can, and do, ‘look after themselves’ by how to write academic Albert College inserting provisions in loan agreements to protect their interests. These might prevent the help School Company from disposing of certain assets until the debt is repaid in full.

Such agreements will take a ‘charge’ over the asset, allowing the creditor to seize it in the even of non-payment. It is also possible for how to write essays Albert, a creditor to service University retain ownership of the goods they are supplying until the Company has paid the price for them[42]. The fact that in practice, the share capital has no particular relevance to lenders and the way that the rules are relaxed, for example, in relation to private companies who may fund the acquisition of shares in how to academic effect reducing the share capital, shows that the assertion by Lord Watson in Trevor v Whitworth as to the state of the law is incorrect, but also that the law is evolving to about my teacher European University Cyprus reflect the fact that share capital maintenance provisions are somewhat unnecessary since creditors do not tend to base their lending decisions on share capital values, and have other means in which to secure their loans. Bedford, J (3 March 2006) Throwing the baby out write academic, with the bath water? New Law Journal 156 NLJ 354. Halsbury’s Laws of England: Companies (Volume 7(1) (2004 Reissue) Hill, C., Hubble, P., Longshaw, A., Morgan, T., and Roberts, S. Persuasive Millfield. (2007) Company Law and Practice, Manual 2, The Open University. [1] Borland’s Trustee v Steel Bros and Co Ltd (1901) 1 Ch 279, in Hill (2007) pp.7-8. [2] Borland’s Trustee, ibid; CA2006 s.33. [6] Ooregum Gold Mining Co of Albert College, India v Roper [1892] AC 125 at 145, HL, per Lord Macnaghten. [7] Halsbury’s Laws of England: Companies (Volume 7(1) (2004 Reissue) 522.

Paid up capital. [9] CA2006 ss9(1), 9(4)(a), 761-763; Hill (2007) p.30. [12]Halsbury’s Laws of England: Companies (Volume 7(1) (2004 Reissue) 528. School. Alterations to capital. [13] CA2006 s761, 763. [15] CA2006 s.641 in Hill (2007) p35. [16] CA2006 ss.641(1)(a) and 642(1); Hill (2007) pp.36-37. [17] CA2006 s.645(2); Hill (2007) pp.36-40. [30] CA2006 ss.733(1) and (2) [34] CA2006 s.714(6); Hill (2007) pp.66.

[36] CA2006 s.678(1) and write College 678(2) [37] CA2006 s.678(3) and 678(4) [39] Chaston v SWP Group Ltd [2002] EWCA Civ 1999, [2002] All ER (D) 345 (Dec) per Arden LJ. [40] Bedford, J (3 March 2006) Throwing the baby out with the bath water? New Law Journal 156 NLJ 354. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Law essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.

Just complete our simple order form and a travel article University you could have your customised Law work in your email box, in how to write Albert College as little as 3 hours. This Law essay was submitted to Les Roches us by write Albert College a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of a travel Griffith (Navitas), this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Maintenance of share capital . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/law/essay-maintenance-of-share-capital/ [03-10-17]. If you are the original author of write academic Albert College, this content and no longer wish to essay writing have it published on how to our website then please click on essay writing my teacher University the link below to request removal: 22-08-17 - Law problem question – FOB contract 12-08-17 - Contract law – problem question example - Contract law problem scenario - Contract law problem question – requirements for contract - Legal problem question: free consent - Why is it necessary to study law in business? 17-04-17 - What requirements fall upon the state to distinguish legitimate democratic process from mob rule? 18-11-16 - Corporate governance crisis 14-11-16 - United States — Final Anti-Dumping Measures on Stainless Steel from Mexico 09-11-16 - Setting up an architect/interior design business (legal)

We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 .