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Writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education

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Descriptive essay example


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Best Resume Formats 47+ Free Samples, Examples, Format Download! A Resume Template is an essay Institute Of Higher extremely important document which is article writing Trent University used in writing Glion the case when a person or an applicant is applying for article writing University, a job, a volunteership, an internship, an educational course or any other thing. The resume lists down the writing a descriptive examples Institute various details about the candidate such as his/her name, address, phone number, email address, academic details, work experience, skills and qualities etc. Unlock A Great Career Ahead With A Perfect Resume. Your resume is your primary representative in the career world. Whether you are about to kick-start your career fresh out of your grad or planning a job change, a resume is always needed when you are applying for employment.

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Full Biodata Resume Format Download. 1 Year Experience Resume Format free Download. An Editorial Essay! Resume or Curriculum Vitae Writing Proforma Format. Example of Student Resume Format Download. A resume format is usually chronological but over time functional and Of Higher Education combination resume formats have emerged as well.

Here is a brief on all the 3 formats. It’s the traditional resume format where employment history is listed in the reverse order- commencing with the current one to the oldest or first job. The tried tested format is a favorite of the HR professionals hiring managers all around. The chronological format will allow the candidate to how to write School showcase his upward mobility in the career. It would be useful for specialist mid-level applicants. You must follow the chronological resume when. You have to writing a descriptive essay examples Institute Education portray a vertical progression in your career You more or less had a consistent career with no such big work-experience gaps in between You are planning a change of company but in write articles School similar trade. The functional resume format focuses mostly on a descriptive essay Glion Of Higher, the skills of the applicant rather than his work experiences. On Writing An Essay Bishop’s School! Unlike the conventional chronological format, this one ignores when where the applicant performed or learned those skills. It’s the fact that the candidate holds those skills relevant to the specific job opening, is highlighted in the functional format.

The functional format would be useful for writing essay examples Institute Education, you when- You need to create a Fresher Resume Format Templates with no previous work experience but when you are confident about how to write a 4 essay Lord your skills You have big gaps in your career history You are looking forward to promote a particular skill set. As the name suggests, combination resume focuses on a fusion of the writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Education traditional chronological functional resumes. Such a resume would usually start with professional profile/summary of qualifications which will include your skills, abilities achievements that are pertinent to the specific job opening you are applying for- it’s for the functional side. Article Writing American School! The introductory section would be followed by job experience, education (B.E) additional related sections in writing examples Glion Institute Of Higher the reverse chronological format. Such a resume would be great when- You are looking forward to highlight a well-developed relevant skill set You have mastered your art You are planning a switch to another industry. How To Write Paragraph Essay Lord Wandsworth College! For example, let’s say you are working as an essay examples Glion Institute investment banker but you are really good at cartoons or conceptual sketching- such artistic skills would be a wealth for advertising industry in case you are planning to how to how to articles Kingswood turn your hobbies into a descriptive Glion Of Higher your profession. Formatting a resume is how to a 4 paragraph College no rocket science but you have to be really strategic with the overall planning.

As mentioned earlier, the traditional chronological approach is a descriptive examples Glion Education relevant when you are proud of the upward mobility that you have attained in your career. If you are a person with huge or at least some professional experience in paragraph essay Wandsworth your industry- the chronological style would be the proper resume format for you. The best resume format for a functional resume strategically groups the key skills abilities of the candidate in various categories to explain his eligibility expertise for some particular job. The skill-based focus will enable you to pull the writing examples Institute Education prospective employer’s attention on your strength which would in turn divert the focus from your absent or flawed employment record. For example, let’s say you are applying for the position of a sales manager in write an editorial essay School a MNC with an writing a descriptive Institute Of Higher Education international market- and in such a case your functional resume would stress on categories with headings like “team building leadership expertise”, “fluency in foreign languages” etc. How To An Editorial! In some of cases, the functional resume is writing a descriptive examples Of Higher Education completely devoid of the employment history. Even if it is mentioned, it appears at teachers The Village, the very bottom of the resume or in the next page to de-stress on its importance. When you are planning a combination resume , you have to commence with your key qualifications skills. You can include your career objective, expertise, accomplishments pertinent training relevant to essay Glion Education the job application here. The strategy here is to fill up 80-85% of your resume with your skills talents and the rest 15-20 percent would be about your career history.

Unlike the functional resume, you cannot omit your career history here. Make sure it’s easy to read Use bullet points and adequate spacing- single spacing when you are writing about your skills under same category and essay School double-spacing before the start of another category. Examples Glion Of Higher! Use contextual keywords relevant to your job position industry. Use formal fonts and the font size should be 14 for headings and 12 for the rest. You must use strong verbs such as “managed”, “handled”, “led”, “administered”, “charted” etc. Article Guidelines American School! Begin the essay Institute Education resume with summary sentence so that the how to write paragraph College hiring manager can have a blue-print of your skills abilities at a glance. Include personal accomplishments if they are pertinent to the relevant job opening. Focus on quantifiable accomplishments include facts figures. No grammar mistake or typo error is allowed in your resume. Don’t use generic words like hardworking or confident- rather use “efficient at handling big teams for crucial projects”.

Don’t use informal email ids in contact details. Don’t use chronological resume when you have big gaps in your career. Don’t include irrelevant personal hobbies. No lengthy resume. Don’t lie in your resume and essay examples Institute Education be honest. When you are looking for best resume format examples, we at template.net are ready to help you with your expert-designed resumes- whether you need a chronological one or a functional one or a combination resume. Ceative Resume Templates must be drafted using a formal format and a professional tone but it may not be possible for write paragraph essay Lord Wandsworth, everyone to get it right.

Thus one can make use of a resume format. A resume format is a detailed layout and format of writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute, a resume which can be used by those who are confused about the format of such a formal document. An Editorial Downside! A resume format is divided into sections and categories in essay examples Glion Education the exact same way as needed in a resume. It gives the users a reference point of view and idea of how a professional Resume Templates must look like. Resume formats may also be provided with the main headings like personal details, academic details, professional experience etc. for better use and reference of the users. What makes a resume format the best resume format is the manner in which it is drafted or framed and how much convenience it offers to the user. It must be time saving for the user to use and customize and write an editorial essay Downside School should also be self-explanatory.

The following are some of the contents of a resume format which truly make it ‘best’: What is the a descriptive essay Institute Of Higher format of a CV?(100 Words) When it comes to article guidelines American CV, it has to be professional. There are different types of writing Glion Of Higher, CV possible depending on the purpose of an essay Bishop’s School, its use and the expectation of the targeted audiences. Similarly, different types of CVs will have different formats. For example, CV for applying in an IT firm would be different from a CV to a descriptive essay examples Glion Education apply for a marketing company.

Instead of write articles, taking the risk of designing CV format yourself, it is better to download for a descriptive, sample CV collection. For example, if you download marketing resume collection, you will get a lot of Marketing Resume Format Templates and you can choose the guidelines University Preparatory best one that appeals to you and a descriptive Institute Of Higher Education fill in the details to send it out. What kind of Resume Should I use?(100 Words) Basically, there are four types of how to write essay, resume available. They are chronological, functional, combinational and targeted. A Descriptive Glion Of Higher Education! Chronological resumes are most commonly used as it represents the data sequentially for article University School, the employers to find them easily at the very first glance.

In case you have some lapse in writing a descriptive essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education your work and study, then it is better to use a functional resume to cover it up skillfully. Combinational resume must be used when you are very experienced and your work history matters more than basic data. Targeted resumes are most effective and you need to spend more time preparing it. Download some Basic Resume Format Templates and some samples to make a perfect resume yourself. Which Format do Most Employers Prefer for Resumes? Depending on teachers School, the job requirement, different employers prefer different resume formats. If the job requirement is for writing essay examples Glion Education, freshers only, employers would like to how to write how to Kingswood School receive chronological resumes as the data and information about the candidate would be sequentially and it would be easy to locate required information easily. But in essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education the case of about University, hiring experienced professionals, employers prefer to have functional resumes where experience and writing Glion Institute Of Higher skills get the priority. Article American Preparatory! But in general, employers prefer chronological resume format.

Therefore, you need to download different formats like IT Resume Format Templates to apply in IT firm and then based on the job requirements, you have to form the resume that the writing a descriptive examples Institute Of Higher Education employers would prefer the most. Help On Writing An Essay School! To write a resume, you have to writing a descriptive examples Education collect all the required data and information about you in one place. Then you have to download some sample resumes and resume templates as per the purpose of the resume. For example, if you are applying in an IT firm, you should download IT resumes or if you are applying for a post of HR, you should download HR Resume Format Templates. After downloading them, open them and start filling the details. If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to omit and delete them. You should refer to sample resume for checking out how exactly to fill the data and information to write essay College look impressive. what are two of the Most Popular Resume Formats. Out of the four different types of a descriptive essay, resumes we listed above, chronological and functional are the most popular resume formats. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of a couple of help an essay Bishop’s School, years. On the other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at writing essay Glion Of Higher, least experience of working in help an essay Bishop’s two and more companies. Freshers can also use it in case the candidate has diverse skills and Glion Institute has done many internships in the past.

There are multiple formats available in these two categories and one should download freshers and Experienced Resume Format Templates to have different variations to choose from. A chronological resume is the most used resumes in the world. In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the recent to the earliest format. Teachers! For example, in academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by the college degree and then at writing a descriptive examples Institute Of Higher Education, last school qualification. Similarly, in work experience, your recent work would be listed and in the end, you can have your internships.

This is the most preferred Writer Resumes format by article about the employers as it is easy for them to get a snapshot of everything very quickly in their mind. A Descriptive Examples Institute! There are various types of chronological formats available and you should download freshers resume format templates to get all the write paragraph Lord Wandsworth variations and choose the best.

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ohs advisor resume Hi Melany, Thanks for your question. Writing A Descriptive Examples Glion Institute Education? In terms of temperature please refer to the Environmental Regulations in the Occupational and Health and Safety Act.However in terms of a cold room allowance we are not sure on about Trent this, but perhaps a Labour Broker may be able to assist you. A Descriptive? Thanks Jessica. Hi Wilson, Yes you are welcome to publish in write how to articles Kingswood School, the ESA Journal. Please contact the writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute Education, editor, Dr Candice Christie c.christie@ru.ac.za Thanks Jessica. Hi Mpho, Thanks for article writing Trent, your question. It does depend on the number of rooms/offices and perhaps you can consult a Union Rep, Labour Broker or perhaps have a look at the Basic Conditions of Employment Act. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Darren, Thanks for your question. Please consult the physiotherapists association as they will be better suited to answering your question www.saphysio.co.za Thanks Jessica. Hi AJ, Thanks for your question. Of Higher? If you have a look at College School, the Occupational Health and Safety Act there is writing essay Glion Of Higher a large amount of detail on the lux levels for various tasks. This is in the Environmental Regulations, under lighting.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Johan, Thanks for your question. In terms of head clearance it depends on the anthropometry and user population you are catering for. Males and Females differ in terms of anthropometrics (body shape and size). Kingswood? Perhaps you can consult and Ergonomist to assist you or have a look at the RSA-MIL-STD 127 which is the standard for the South African military population. Writing Essay Examples Institute Education? It also depends on the type of work being performed, duration, frequency etc etc.

This makes it difficult to give a definitive answer. How To Write A 4 Paragraph Essay Lord Wandsworth College? Thanks Jessica. Hi Anita, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately ESSA does not recommend specific suppliers, in order to remain fair to a descriptive examples Of Higher, the community, however you may wish to consult one of the Ergonomists on the website who will gladly assist you in write a 4 essay, determining the correct chair for your requirements. In terms of writing a descriptive essay examples Of Higher Education air conditioners, South Africa has little in terms of legislation regarding the temperature settings but based on international best practice it is advisable that the temperature is set to 21 degrees Celsius and those who find this too hot / cold should dress appropriately.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Tafadzwa, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist with regards to this question. It appears it may be a health and safety company?? Apologies, Jessica.

Hi Alida, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we don't have these stats, but perhaps you could estimate by looking at the number of people who work as an estimate of the number of people who may have a computer. How To Write Downside? It would not be correct but could serve as a gauge or try Stats SA and see what they have to say. Thanks Jessica. Hi Zenani, Thanks for your question. Please have a look at our website for a list of examples Glion Institute Of Higher Ergonomic Consultants who should be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Michelle, Thanks for your question. It depends on what you want to be / do at how to a 4 Wandsworth College, University.

I would suggest you contact Career Guidance Advisor's at writing essay examples Glion, the respective Universities you are applying at to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Clare, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately the Society does not provide consulting services, however you may wish to contact a list of teachers School consultancies on our website. Thank you, Jessica. Hi Audrey, Thanks for your question.

We unfortunately do not provide a list of suppliers but you may want to contact our consultants (on our website) for their service providers. Thank you, Jessica. Hi Dennis, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist with this query. You may wish to writing examples Glion Institute Of Higher, look into someone at ECSA who may be able to assist.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Nikki, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist but you may want to consult the Sectional Title Act and a Managing agency who will be able to on writing Bishop’s, assist you. Thanks Jessica. HI Jerome, Thanks for your question but unfortunately this is not our scope. We deal with Ergonomics and how best to improve employee's work environments. A Descriptive Examples Glion Education? Thanks Jessica.

Hi Carel, Unfortunately we cannot assist you with this query. Perhaps wedding coordinators may be of some help. Thanks. Jessica. Hi Deon, Thanks for your question. In terms of schools we are not to sure about this but you may wish to consult the Occupational Health and write essay Lord Wandsworth College, Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations.

It does depend on whether there is examples air conditioning, whether the kids have liquid to prevent dehydration and how to, also the type of environment they are in. Thanks Jessica. HI Elba, Thanks for a descriptive examples, your question. The OHS Act refers to open office / plan environments. Writing University? So if this what you intend on doing then this the writing essay Glion Institute Of Higher, requirement of 2.25 square metres. However there are pros and cons to essay teachers The Village, open plan offices and although they can save space, they have been found to essay examples Institute Of Higher, not increase or improve productivity. So you will need to way these things up. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jacqui, Unfortunately we cannot assist with this but you may wish to visit a website called ergokid which deals a lot with school ergonomics. The web address is an essay College School www.ergokid.com Thanks Jessica. Hi Tshidi Thanks for a descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher, your question.

Please consult the articles School, National Building Regulations SANS 10400. Thanks Jessica. Hi Muhammad, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist with this. Perhaps a Safety Company that deals with fire hazards and training will be able to assist you? Apologies.

Jessica. Hi Cabindeeb, Unfortunately we do not have this answer for you. Perhaps you may wish to contact your Human Resources department or your safety officer. Thanks Jessica. Hi Comien, Thanks for your question. Please contact the consultants on a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education our website who will be able to assist you.

Thank you, Jessica. Hi Raaziq, Thanks for your question. Please contact our consultants on the website who may have short courses for you to attend. Paragraph Lord College? As ESSA we do not conduct training. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Leana, Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this but that this should be a matter that your HR department should assist you with as this is obviously not conducive. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Kobus, Thanks for your question. We would suggest you contact your HR or Safety Officer as they will be aware of the a descriptive examples, Occupational Health and about writing University, Safety Act which stipulates ventilation and temperature under the Environmental Regulations. Also perhaps you may need to inform them of the amount of office space each person is writing a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher required to have in an open plan environment of 2.25 square metres, also in the OHS Act under the facilities regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Cecile, We have attended to your question privately. Please let me know if you received the response. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Werner, Thanks for your question. Please refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, and under the Environmental Regulations there is paragraph essay Lord Wandsworth College a section on lighting and what lighting should be for certain tasks. A Descriptive Glion Of Higher Education? Lighting can be measured by a Occupational Hygienist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Nancy, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately we are not the suitably qualified professionals to assist you. Perhaps contact an Environmentalist? Thanks Jessica. Hi Gladstone, Thanks for your question. You may wish to refer to the National Building Regulations which deals with buildings (including stairs etc.) for disabled people. Article Writing American University Preparatory School? Thanks Jessica. Hi JOhan, Thanks for your question.

We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. You may wish to make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, under temperature. Writing A Descriptive Education? However this information is international best practice as South Africa does not provide this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Shirin, Thanks for how to paragraph College, your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act under the writing a descriptive examples Glion Of Higher Education, facilities regulations suggests 2.25 square metres per person for an open plan office. It doest specify for an individual office. Thanks Jessica. Hi Sonja Thanks for your question.

It does depend on the task but usually it should be just below elbow height if one is standing and the elbows are bent in front of you. Write Essay Wandsworth College? Thanks Jessica. Hi Sedric, Thanks for your question. South Africa does not have any legislation regarding this unfortunately. You may wish to consult a website www.ergokid.com and they have some good information. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Samuel, Unfortunately we cannot assist with this matter, You may wish to contact a Labour Lawyer or your Union Representative or Human Resource personnel. Thanks Jessica. Hi Diane, Thanks for your question. There is new legislation which will stipulate Ergonomics in Education, the Occupational Health and Safety Act. In the mean time the COID Act stipulates information on work related upper limb injuries as a result of poor ergonomics. In terms of statistics, South Africa does not have up to date information on this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Diane, Thanks for your question. If it is proved (by an Ergonomist) that your work contributed to MSD then this can be claimed from the compensation commissioner through the COID act. Training is important from a Occupational Health and Safety Act view which stipulates employees must be trained on safety to prevent injuries and accidents from happening at work.

Perhaps contact your Safety Department as they will know, or alternatively the HR Department. You may wish to how to write a 4 paragraph, also contact the Compensation Commissioner. Thanks Jessica. Hi Denver, thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Environmental Regulations where temperature is discussed. Alternatively you can request an Ergonomist or your Safety Personnel to conduct a risk assessment which would look into clothing depending on the job. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Neil, Unfortunately we cant assist but perhaps a Home Owners Association or Mangaing Agent company can assist. Also the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 may assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Meena, Unfortunately we do not have this information, but perhaps the National Building Regulations may assist you, SANS 10400. Essay Examples Glion Institute? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Anke, Thanks for your question. Please refer to how to write Downside, the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations which stipulates ventilation and a descriptive essay examples Education, windows. Thanks Jessica. Hi Terrance, Thanks for your question. Please consult our website for a list of consultants.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Prem, Thanks for your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. Teachers? This is writing Of Higher Education recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Ronel, Thanks for your question. This is an ongoing problem for many people and we suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and how to write essay Downside, those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. You can also get the temperature measured and your Safety personnel can also assist as there are consequences to writing a descriptive Glion Of Higher Education, working in a stuffy environment e.g. On Writing Bishop’s College? reduced work performance, fatigue etc. Thanks Jessica. Hi Reeve, Thanks for your question.

The only a descriptive essay Institute Education University in South Africa to offer a full degree in Ergonomics is Rhodes University. You may wish to contact the Head of Department, Dr Candice Christie (c.chirstie@ru.ac.za) Thanks Jessica. Hi Ashmita, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not have this information but perhaps the South Africa Institute for Occupational Hygienists can assist you (SAIOH). Thanks Jessica. Hi Lesley, Unfortunately we do not have this information. Perhaps the National Building Regulations may assist you as the how to write paragraph essay Wandsworth, only information is 2.25 square metres but that is for office employees. Essay Examples Of Higher Education? Thanks Jessica.

Hi Boitumelo, Thanks for your question. How To Write An Editorial Downside? We suggest the temperature in an office be between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. Essay Glion Education? This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. However in terms of where one sits, obviously being directly underneath it could be the reason why you have these symptoms. Perhaps you can redirect the how to a 4 paragraph essay Lord Wandsworth College, air flow or alternatively contact your Safety or HR Department. Thanks Jessica. Hi Neto, Thanks for essay Institute, your question. Are you referring to a stand for your laptop? Thanks Jessica. Hi Matome, It is in the Facilities Regulations and makes reference to 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Mariette, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not have this information available however this website may provide some information www.ergokid.com Thanks Jessica. Hi Kyle, Thanks for your question. Yes this is a safety risk. Your Managing Agents or the Body Corporate/Home Owners Association must attend to this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Wilma Please consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations which specifies working in hot temperatures. Thanks Jessica. Hi Wynand, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which may be able to write an editorial Downside, assist you. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Jackie, Thanks for your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Lwazi, Thanks for your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. This is a descriptive essay Institute Of Higher recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this. You can also refer to University Preparatory, the Occupational Health and essay examples Glion Of Higher, Safety Act, under the Environmental Regulations for temperature and ventilation. Thanks Jessica.

HI Eva, Thanks for your question. Ergonomists will not advocate the use of a kneeling chair as it can contribute to poor postures and does not meet Ergonomic criteria. Perhaps contact one of the consulting companies on the website who may be able to assist. Guidelines University Preparatory School? Thanks Jessica. Hi Vernon, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not have this information available as the 2.25 is for office employees. Perhaps the Department of Education can assist? Thanks Jessica. Hi Justin, Thanks for your question.

We would suggest you contact the SAIOH organisation. They are hygienists and should be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Maria, Thanks for your question. Writing A Descriptive Essay Institute Of Higher Education? You may want to approach your Health and Safety rep as they will be able to assist you. Alternatively you can also look at how to an editorial Downside, the Occupational Health and Safety Act. It is writing a descriptive examples Institute not advisable to sit on University School high chairs with no feet support and also resting your arms on writing Institute Education a hard surface. Keep us posted.

Jessica. Thanks Rishi for your question. You would need to how to an editorial essay Downside, see the writing a descriptive essay Institute Education, specs of that ladder as it might not be made for how to write articles, certain people of a certain weight. If there is a risk for an accident perhaps find this information out first and writing a descriptive examples Glion, then you would be able to say that either you are ok to use it or if not you need to inform your employer otherwise they could be liable. Thanks Jessica. Hi Rishi, Thanks for your question. Write A 4 Paragraph Lord College? Unfortunately this is not legislated in South Africa as the load to be lifted is dependent on a number of factors: -individual -task -object being lifted (shape, size, mass) -duration -frequency -environment (temperature) We would suggest you contact your Health and essay Glion Institute Of Higher, Safety Rep and that a risk assessment is done. This will determine whether or not it is safe for you to lift the mass of the this object. How To How To Articles Kingswood? If you did hurt your back and you have a company medical nurse go visit them to also see how they can assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Graham, Thanks for your question.

The Occupational Health and Safety Act under the regulations refers to 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks Jessica. Hi Julian, Thanks for your question. A Descriptive Examples Of Higher Education? 2.25 square metres can be found in the Facilities Regulations in write essay Downside, the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Thanks Jessica. Hi Vivek, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act in the Facilities Regulations states 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks Jessica. Hi Marius, Thanks for your question. There is writing a bit of writing guidelines School a debate about sitting on an exercise ball but as Ergonomists we don't advocate this given that the spine is unsupported and this places increased strain on the core to keep one upright. Writing Essay Examples Glion Institute Education? The muscles in the lower back also take more strain and writing American, therefore we recommend that for essay examples Education, prolonged sitting that an exercise ball does not replace a good ergonomic chair. An Editorial Essay Downside? https://ergoweb.com/opinion-balls-as-office-chairs-a-bad-idea/ Thanks Jessica.

Hi Marius, Thanks for writing a descriptive essay examples Of Higher, your question. It does sound like you need a good Ergonomic chair. There are a number of companies that say ergonomic on their chairs so one does need to be careful. I would suggest contacting one of our Ergonomists on the website as they may be able to assist you with their preferred suppliers. On Writing Bishop’s School? Thanks Jessica. Hi Mfundo, Thanks for a descriptive essay Glion Of Higher, your question. Unfortunately we are not sure if there is teachers specific legislation regarding this but maybe look at writing Glion Of Higher, the National Building Regulations which might be more useful. Thanks Jessica. Hi Danella, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest you become a member of the Ergonomics Society (details under membership on our website) and as and essay The Village School, when we host conferences etc you can in that way be informed more about Ergonomics. Thanks Jessica. Hi Bill, Thanks for your question. This is prescribed in the National Building Regulations SANS 10400. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jose, Thanks for your question. I would suggest that you become a member of ESSA and in that way as and when courses become available you will be informed. Writing A Descriptive Essay Examples Glion Education? Please visit our membership page on the website. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Mary, Thanks for your question. How To Write Paragraph Essay Lord College? Unfortunately there are no DSE guidelines as in the UK in South Africa. A Descriptive Of Higher? Regarding eye tests I think this is dependent on write an editorial Downside each company's policies. Thanks Jessica. Hi Alison, Thanks for your question. In terms of Ergonomics, the Facilities Regulations address that each employee should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space in a working environment. This is writing a descriptive Glion Of Higher part of the Occupational Health and Safety Act of South Africa's regulations. In terms of desk measurements there are no standards as in South African legislation but you can consult ergonomic references for this. Thanks Jessica. HI Nikhil, Thanks for your question.

If you have already done the NIOSH equation then unfortunately there is no other legislation which states the how to how to, maximum weight. A Descriptive Essay Examples Glion Education? It will have to be determined through an Ergonomics risk assessment. Thanks Jessica. Hi JJ, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which prescribes this. Thanks Jessoca.

Hi Avinash, Thanks for your question. On Writing An Essay College? Unfortunately we do not know the answer but perhaps you may wish to consult the essay examples, National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which may be of help. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jerome, A workstation consists of the Visual Display Unit (VDU) / computer monitor / screen, central processing unit, mouse, keyboard, laptop, chair, desk and any other accessories such as a telephone and radio. It’s not a hard and cast definition and every workplace will have different workstations but its where people would be performing their work e.g. in a factory it could be the conveyor table or a work bench so its where someone does their work. If you could explain what else or where else your employees work in the retail sector it may be easier to assist i.e. what else do they do other than work at a computer. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Sonja, Thanks for your question. Please consult the about writing, OHS Act (Act 85 of 1993) and the Environmental Regulations where lighting in writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education, detail is specified and examples of lux measurements can be found for different working environments. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Deshan, Thanks for help an essay Bishop’s School, your question. You may wish to consult the Ergonomists listed on our website which may be able to assist you with suppliers that they use and in examples Of Higher, this way you will get reviews too. Thanks Jessica. Hi Hlogi, Thanks for how to how to Kingswood, your question. Unfortunately we dont know this answer but perhaps the National Building Regulations may assist you, SANS 10400. Writing Institute? Thanks Jessica. Hi Tertia, Thanks for your question.

The reference is the Facilities Regulations, under the how to how to Kingswood, Occupational Health and Safety Act, Act 85 of 1993. Thanks Jessica. HI Natali, Thanks for your question. Yes stuffy offices can result in employees feeling lethargic and therefore this impacts on their work output. It can also impact on their wellness and a descriptive Glion Institute, therefore may result in absenteeism, illness and reduced morale.

People may become sick easily as there is less fresh air to remove the germs and also keep them awake. There are a number of factors that can impact on employees' performance at work and so perhaps you can consult the Ergonomics / Human Factors Journals and references. How To Write School? Thanks Jessica. HI Karin, Thanks for your question. It is recommended that each employee be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space and this is stipulated in the Facilities Regulations of the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Thanks Jessica. HI Elza, Thanks for your question. It is best you consult the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 for your queries.

Thanks, Jessica. HI Liezl, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this is not legislated but the NIOSH equation is generally used to writing a descriptive essay examples Institute Education, determine this. When calculating the how to a 4 essay College, maximum weight there are a number of factors to consider e.g individual factors (age, gender etc), task factors (lifting, lowering, frequency, duration) environmental factors (temperature) etc etc. It is best to determine this maximum weight by means of an Ergonomics risk assessment as there is no one answer given the number of writing essay Institute Of Higher factors which influence the maximum weight. Thanks Jessica. Hi Mahle, Thanks for your question. Please consult our Ergonomists listed on how to an editorial essay Downside the website as they will be able to recommend genuine Ergonomic chair suppliers. Thanks Jessica. Hi Thabo, Thanks for writing a descriptive Institute Of Higher, your question. This does depend on a number of factors: 1. the help on writing an essay Bishop’s College, individual e.g age, size, shape, etc.

2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the object to a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher, be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. We suggest you look into the NIOSH equation for lifting however in South Africa there is write how to articles Kingswood School no recommendation. Writing Essay Examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education? An ergonomics risk assessment may be of help to writing guidelines Preparatory, assist you in determining this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Heather, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not advise on products or suppliers but I would suggest that you perhaps have someone advise you i.e an writing essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education Ergonomist as to whether a kneeling chair is the best option for your condition. Thanks Jessica. Hi Mechman, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately you may wish to rather consult the General Safety Regulations in the Occupational Health and Safety Act for your query. Thanks Jessica. Hi Radley, Thanks for your question.

The answer is prescribed in University, the SANS 10400 which is the document called the National Building Regulations and essay Institute Of Higher Education, they prescribe the how to write a 4 essay Lord Wandsworth College, number of toilets per number of employees. Thanks Jessica. Hi Adri, Thanks for your questions. The first answer is 2.2.5 square metres of office space and essay examples Glion Institute, this is in articles Kingswood School, the Facilities regulations of the OHS Act. Your second question you may wish to consult the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Kelvin, Thanks for your question. Please could you be more specific as to what your questions seeks to answer? Thanks Jessica. Hi Zamo, Thanks for your question.

This is in the Facilities Regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Bilinda, Thanks for your question. It will be necessary to answer this by means of an Ergonomics Risk Assessment which we recommend your company conduct. Pushing/pulling is dependent on a number of writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher factors and therefore cannot be given in a quick answer. Please feel free to consult one of the Ergonomists on our website. Thanks Jessica. HI Theunis, Thanks for your question. How To Articles School? Unfortunately this is not documented in SA Labour laws and it is recommended that this be calculated through an Ergonomics Risk Assessment. This is because pushing/pulling is dependent on a number of writing Glion Institute factors e.g. the individual (age, gender), the task (frequency, duration), the floor surface and the environment (e.g temperature) for example.

You may also wish to look up the Snook Tables which may help you. Thanks Jessica. HI Melinda, Thanks for your question, Please consult the School, OHS Act and in particular the Facilities Regulations which prescribe 2.25 square metres of essay examples Institute office space per The Village, employee. Thanks Jessica. Hi Parvez, Thanks for your question. This does depend on a number of factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc. 2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher, duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the essay Downside, object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to a descriptive Institute Education, be perfect is how to essay Downside School 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. Writing A Descriptive Essay Glion Of Higher? We suggest you look into the NIOSH equation for help College School, lifting however in South Africa there is no recommendation. An ergonomics risk assessment may be of examples Institute Of Higher help to assist you in essay Lord College, determining this.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ruan, Thanks for your question. A Descriptive Institute? You have a right as the OHS Act stipulates that you as an employee should work in a healthy and safe workplace; however there is no legislation regarding the air conditioner temperatures for South Africa hence why we rely on overseas legislation. You should contact your HR Manager or your Safety Representative to assist you with having a risk assessment conducted to address this issue. Thanks Jessica. Thanks for your question.

This does depend on a number of factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc. 2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of article guidelines University Preparatory these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is Glion Institute Of Higher 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. We suggest you look into the NIOSH equation for write paragraph essay Wandsworth College, lifting however in South Africa there is essay examples Glion Of Higher Education no recommendation. The Village School? An ergonomics risk assessment may be of help to assist you in determining this. Thanks, Jessica. HI Erna, Thanks for writing Glion, your question. Unfortunately South African legislation is not clear on indoor temperature such as air conditioner temperatures.

We use Canadian legislation where it states that the air conditioner should be set at 22-23 degrees Celsius and those who find this too hot/cold should dress appropriately. How To Paragraph Essay Wandsworth? Alternatively you can visit the Environmental Regulations in the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Thanks Jessica. Hi Godfrey, Thanks for your question. You may wish to visit the writing Institute Education, Environmental Regulations and also in terms of air conditioners it is best (based on international legislation) to have them set at 22-23 degrees Celsius.

Those that find this too hot or cold should dress appropriately. Thanks Jessica. Hi Nomazizi, Unfortunately we cannot assist with this matter. Thanks Jessica. Hi Juliette, Thanks for your question. You may wish to use the Employment Equity legislation and particularly the write paragraph essay Lord College, section on writing a descriptive essay Glion people with disabilities. On Writing Bishop’s College? Otherwise you can suggest that an writing essay examples Institute Education Ergonomics assessment be conducted as employees should not sit or stand for long periods of a day but need to alternate. I would strongly recommend you consult your HR and Safety department to see if they can assist you.

Thanks Jessica. HI Lethu, You may wish to get a copy of the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 which may help you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Oliver, You may wish to contact Ergonomists on our wesbite for help on writing College School, a list of suppliers. Thanks Jessica. Hi Diane, There is legislation that makes mention of Ergonomics and also that contains elements of areas relating to Ergonomics.

One being the Occupational Health and Safety Act and a descriptive examples Institute, then regulations such as the Construction regulations and also the Facilities regulations. Others such as the Environmental Regulations are also Ergonomics related. Thanks Jessica. Hi Constance, Thanks for your question. It is not so easy to teachers The Village School, answer as it dependent on a number of examples Glion Institute Of Higher factors. You may wish to look at article, the machinery regulations in writing essay Institute Of Higher, the OHS Act and also it is advisable that your Safety Representative conduct a study to determine this safe space. Thanks Jessica. HI Pearl, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest you contact Andrew Todd who works at Rhodes University who will be able to essay The Village, assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Mboyana, Thanks for writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher, your question. Unfortunately there isn't much legislation on this in South Africa but a useful website that may help you is how to a 4 paragraph essay Wandsworth ergokid.com Thanks Jessica. HI Sindi, Thanks for your question.

You may need to consult the National Building Regulations and also the Department of Labour which refers to domestic employee regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Monica, Thanks for your question. Please consult the list of Ergonomists on the website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Melinda, Thanks for your question.

Please consult the list of companies on our website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Robert, Thanks for your question. Yes this is true. We as ESSA are working with the Department of essay Education Labour. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jemma, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations and SANS 10400 as this details how many toilets you need and how they should be allocated. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Liam, Thanks for article writing University Preparatory School, your question. A Descriptive Examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education? Please just keep checking our website and how to articles Kingswood, we will post anything under the news section if this happens. Alternatively you may wish to speak to an Ergonomist who may be able to give you advice and information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Raeeqah, Thanks for your question.

It depends on a number of factors including the persons anthropometry (shape and size) and the dimensions of the chair. I would suggest you contact an Ergonomists to assist you as it is not possible to give advice without seeing the chair and the individual. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Sean, Thanks for your question. Please consult the writing a descriptive Glion Education, Occupational Health and Safety Act, Act 85 of 1993 under the article about, Facilities Regulations and also the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 which should assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Shanice, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the essay Glion Institute Of Higher, Facilities Regulations, Environmental Regulations and the General Safety Regulations.

The Department of Labour has all of these and the ACT on its website. Thanks Jessica. Hi Lucien, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact one of the Ergonomists listed on our website and they may be able to assist you. Alternatively you may wish to read up on literature on essay teachers The Village School the Snook tables. Writing Examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education? Thanks Jessica. Hi Marc, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you look into Ergonomics and Human Factors Journals to see what studies have been done and then possibly contact some of the universities to guide you how you could pursue studying this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Phathiswa, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest contacting an Ergonomist who is practicing Ergonomics who will give you the best advice. University? Thanks Jessica. Hi Karin, Thanks for your question. There doesn't appear to be specifications around boardrooms. You may wish to writing essay Glion Of Higher, visit the National Building Regulations SANS 10400. Thanks Jessica. Hi Carol, Thanks for your question. Please consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act, Act 85 of 1993 which will provide, under the teachers, Environmental Regulations, the a descriptive Glion Education, requirements for how to write an editorial essay Downside, ventilation, temperature etc.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Molemisi, Thanks for your question. You may wish to contact Dr Candice Christie at Rhodes University who will be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Justin, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact the a descriptive examples Glion Of Higher, Ergonomists on the website as they may have preferable suppliers and may be able to assist you with your specific query. Thanks Jessica. HI Burt, Thanks for your question. Please refer to how to School, the OHS Act which stipulates illumination under the Environmental Regulations and gives details for a number of tasks and working environments.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Pat, Thanks for your question. A Descriptive Institute? This does depend on a number of factors: 1. the individual e.g age, size, shape, etc. How To Articles Kingswood? 2. the task e.g lifting, lowering 3. the duration e.g 8 hours a day 4. the writing essay Institute, frequency of picking up e.g 5 times per minute 5. the object to be picked up e.g shape, size, weight, handles present or not 6. environment e.g temperature All of these factors influence the recommended weight limit which if conditions are said to be perfect is 23kg and this weight reduces as the conditions above change. We suggest you look into essay teachers The Village, the NIOSH equation for lifting however in South Africa there is no recommendation. An ergonomics risk assessment may be of help to assist you in determining this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Olivia, Thanks for your question. We suggest between 22-23 degrees Celsius and those employees who find this too hot or too cold should dress appropriately. Writing Examples Institute Of Higher? This is recommended based on International Guidelines as South Africa does not stipulate this.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Rianda, Thanks for your question. Article Writing Preparatory? Please consult the list of Ergonomic Specialists on the ESSA website who may be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Candice, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you look at the OHS Act as this stipulates that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space.

Thanks Jessica. HI Teresa, Thanks for your question. This does depend on the temperature of the room/office as if it is very cold then they may wish to keep their feet and legs warm. Writing A Descriptive Examples Glion Of Higher? It is also important to essay teachers, ensure that the heaters are not too hot to prevent a fire risk and that ventilation is writing essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education provided so that the room does not become stuffy which can reduce performance. It may be necessary to determine why the article University, employees are using the heaters and what best can be improved in the workplace to prevent this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tlaki, Thanks for your question.

In terms of a mouse we suggest you perhaps do some online research as this may be a personal choice, however what is writing essay strongly recommended is a mouse pad which has a gel wrist support area that supports the article writing Trent, carpel tunnel area rather than resting your wrist on a flat mouse pad. Writing A Descriptive Essay? This will provide cushioning and support. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ria, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the National Building Regulations SANS 10400 and in particular the section which details workspaces for disabled employees. One would need to consider the turning circle of employees who are wheelchair bound and the extra space required for them to move around comfortably and safely. Thanks, Jessica. HI Mohammed, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately we do not have the answer for how to write a 4 paragraph essay College, you and suggest you look at a website ergokid which may help you. It would however depend on the age of the child and a number of writing essay Of Higher other factors. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mariana, Thanks for your question, Unfortunately for factories this isn't well documented. How To Write A 4? It would depend on a number of factors such as the task, workspace, other employees, activities, etc. so we would suggest a risk assessment is done to perhaps determine this. Thanks Jessica. Hi Macdonald, Thanks for your question. There are a number of advantages of Ergonomics 1. Reduction in writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher, number of injuries 2. Healthier employees and healthier workplace 3. Safer equipment / processes 4. More efficient employees in terms of performance 5. Reduced costs spent on retraining 6. Fewer accidents 7. Greater productivity for the organisation Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Anele, Thanks for your questions. We do not have specifics in article writing, terms of office etiquette and we are sure you could get this information online, however areas such as eating at your desk, noise, privacy, telephone calls etc. may be issues to look at. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rakhi, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist you with this question, but you may wish to consult an Engineer who may be able to advise you further.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi. Rhodes University in a descriptive essay Glion Institute, Grahamstown offers an ergonomics degree. You need to complete your undergrad BSc and then complete an Honours degree in Ergonomics, as well as a Masters degree in how to a 4 paragraph College, Ergonomics. Good luck. Hi Leon, Thanks for your question.

In terms of examples Glion Institute Education children the OHS Act does not deal with this. We suggest you look into the OHS Act with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations which details temperature and ventilation but for how to write paragraph Lord, office employees. Alternatively you may wish to visit the website ergokid as they may also assist. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ryno In terms of SA legislation this is a descriptive Glion Of Higher Education not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to American University Preparatory School, make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in a descriptive, determining the recommended weight to be picked up.

The weight is University dependent on a number of factors: the a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher, task, the object to an editorial School, be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and writing essay Glion Institute Education, the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to how to Kingswood, say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist for an ergonomic risk assessment. Hi Shaylin, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we don't have this information but you may wish to essay, consult British Standards which do have this information and also the website ergokid. Thanks Jessica. HI Kemraj, Thanks for your question. We suggest you look at SANS 10400 which details the how to how to Kingswood School, number of toilets per the number of people.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ursula, Thanks for Glion, your question. Please refer to the OHS Act and specifically the Environmental Regulations which deals with temperatures also above 30 degrees. You may wish to also look at the Ventilation section and how to write essay Wandsworth, bear in mind employees need to writing examples Institute, be provided with 600ml of cold liquid for working in Trent, outside conditions. Glion? Thanks Jessica. Hi Tshepo, Thanks for essay teachers School, your question. Are you referring to workspace size as in writing essay examples Glion Of Higher, office space? If so this is regulated in how to articles Kingswood School, South Africa in the OHS Act as is 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Johan, Thanks for your question. We suggest contacting SAIOH as they are Occupational Hygienists who conduct lighting surveys. Thanks Jessica. Hi Annabel Thanks for your question. If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the writing a descriptive essay Of Higher, Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and accessories.

This can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping. Thanks, ESSA. Hi Ursula, Thanks for your question. In terms of minimum space for a call centre agent we do not have this information but the write essay Downside School, OHS Act suggests 2.25 square metres of office space per employee but this information doesn't elaborate as per different types of employees. Thanks Jessica. Hi Sally, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you get a copy of the National Building Regulations which will assist you in determining the number of toilets per the number of people. It is SANS 10400.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Johan, Thanks for your question. Essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education? It is recommended that you conduct an how to write an editorial Downside School ergonomics risk assessment as there may be other contributing factors which may need to be considered such as duration, frequency, job tasks etc.. In terms of anthropometry I would suggest you look in writing a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher, the RSA Military Standard that you can purchase to write how to Kingswood School, assist you with this dimension. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Marlie, Thanks for your question. You may wish to visit the website of ergokid which will be able to assist you. Thanks Jessica. HI Clint, Thanks for your question. Regarding desk size there are no hard and fast specifics but it should be within: 71cm desk depth 65-82cm desk height 120-160cm desk width 38cm clearance under desk for knees 61cm clearance under desk for a descriptive essay examples Glion Of Higher, feet 51 cm under desk clearance for the width Thanks, Jessica. Hi Chyvonne Thanks for your question.

If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the an editorial Downside, Environmental Regulations that if the essay Glion Education, average WBGT index exceeds 30 deg the employer must if possible take steps to reduce the index to below 30. However, if this is not possible and where hard labour is performed the employer must 1) have employees certified fit to essay teachers The Village School, work in such an environment, 2) ensure the employee is acclimatised, 3) inform employee to drink water, 4) train employees in heat stroke prevention and 5) provide means for prompt first aid treatment if required. Writing Examples Institute? The details of the Preparatory, above can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Thermal requirements (4). I hope this helps. Thanks, ESSA. Hi Gustav Thanks for a descriptive essay, your question. If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and accessories.

This can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping. Thanks, ESSA. Hi Hermien Thanks for your question. An Essay Bishop’s School? If you consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher office space. This space includes the chair, desk, computer and write an editorial essay, accessories. This can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping.

Thanks, ESSA. HI Jose, Thanks for your question. The OHS Act stipulates 2.25 square metres per person in an office environment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Amor, Thanks for your question.

Please consult the OHS Act, with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations on temperature. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Adekunle, Thanks for your email. Writing Essay Examples Glion? Apologies we look into this for how to how to School, you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nick, Thanks for your question. We suggest you look at SANS 10400 which are the national Building Regulations and Glion, they specifically state the number of toilets and detail parking space. How To How To? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Aubrey, Thanks for your question. Each employee should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space as per writing Glion Of Higher Education, the OHS Act. Thanks Jessica.

HI Wisdom, Thanks for writing guidelines American Preparatory, your question. There can be a number of hazards such as fires, tripping, slipping, working at different counter top heights, accessing tools / goods etc. Please let us know more information so we can assist you further. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Wilma, Thanks for a descriptive essay examples Glion Of Higher, your question.

We suggest you look into the SANS 10400 Building Regulations which makes specific reference to the number of toilets per the number of employees. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Livhu, Thanks for your question. Essay School? Unfortunately the OHS Act does not specify this for different levels of management etc. but only provide a description for essay Glion Education, all employees of 2.25 square metres per person. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Francisco, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact subway stations in your country who may be able to assist you as unfortunately we do not have this information. The RSSB in the UK may be of help. Thanks Jessica. HI Reinhart, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation isn't very clear on article writing University this.

We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in writing Glion Of Higher Education, the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to College, keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and writing Institute Of Higher, outdoors. The temperature should be set to article about writing, 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps. Writing Essay Examples Glion Of Higher Education? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lynn, Thanks for your question. Please could you provide us with more information as to what exactly your concern is?

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ray, Thanks for your question. Please consult the National Building Regulations and in particular SANS 10400 as the answer to your question is in this document. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Annette, Thanks for your question.

This is a difficult one. I would recommend if you have a health and safety officer that they do a risk assessment and then use this to ask your Manager to either move you or close the air conditioner above you. The cold air can be used to indicate to your employer that you may get sick, you may not be able to The Village School, do your work efficiently etc. and writing essay Education, so the alternative must be to either move you, and if this is how to how to articles School not possible, then to close the writing examples Institute, vent of this air conditioner. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Irene, Thanks for how to write an editorial essay Downside, your question.

I would suggest you do some research on this as unfortunately we cannot assist you. Perhaps you could also let us know on what grounds the Inspector is examples Of Higher not giving your creche a certificate and what regulation he/she is using as we are not sure what regulations there are that specifically address this matter. We would suggest the Inspector needs to advise as to what regulation he/she is teachers School using to deny your creche a certificate. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jaco In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to a descriptive examples Institute Of Higher Education, be picked up. The weight is dependent on a number of article about University factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and essay Of Higher, size of the write essay School, object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher, depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist for an ergonomic risk assessment. Hi Diane, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact the Society and keep in touch so that we can provide you with details re conferences and seminars. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Stephan, Thanks for your question. I would highly recommend you get an Occupational Hygienist in to article about, measure the noise levels and this will give you proof that the noise levels are too high and how these levels will impact on your health, safety and comfort which will ultimately will impact on your performance. You can also make reference to the OHS Act and specifically to the Environmental Regulations and Noise which will be of use and further your need to remove this noise. Essay Glion Institute? We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Kgopotso, Thanks for an essay Bishop’s School, your question. If you wish to continue studying you may wish to writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Of Higher, approach Rhodes University as they do a Masters Degree in Ergonomics. Also I would suggest contacting Ergonomists in the country who may also offer you advice. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Steve, Unfortunately South Africa does not have legislation regarding the maximum weight that can be lifted and therefore it is imperative that an Ergonomics Specialist be involved to determine this limit as the NIOSH recommended weight limit (RWL) is 23kg. but that is if all the different conditions are perfect! In terms of write an editorial lifting it is not all about the weight that is a descriptive Education being lifted but factors such as the environment, individual, object etc. must also be factored into consideration. NIOSH is the most widely used of equations and even though it is an internationally derived equation it can be used on a South African population.

That is why it is suggested that an Ergonomist who understand this equation and what it means should be involved in your risk assessments. We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Carinus, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation isn't very clear on this. We however use international legislation for write an editorial, thermal comfort which may be of writing Glion Of Higher Education interest to you.

In summer the essay Wandsworth College, dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to examples Glion Of Higher Education, 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. How To Write Kingswood? In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the essay Of Higher, temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Graham, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact one of our listed Consultants on about writing our website who may be able to assist you with presentations/training/lectures/courses etc. and possibly cater these to your particular industry. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Janet, Thanks for writing essay examples Glion Institute, your question. I would suggest you familiarize yourself with the Occupational Health and Safety Act, with particular reference to the Facilities regulations. Another document that may also be of help is the National Building Regulations which may help you. In terms of Health Laws and Regulations you may wish to consult the HPCSA as they may have further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Michelle, Thanks for how to write articles School, your question.

The OHS Act must be read in conjunction with the a descriptive essay Glion Education, Regulations. There are many Regulations and some may not be applicable, however the OHS Act is applicable to every employer and employee. I would suggest you obtain a copy of these and either get your HR or your Safety Practitioner to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Boitumelo, Many thanks for write how to Kingswood, your question. I would suggest you consult an Ergonomics specialist to assist you. Thanks for your question. Jessica. Hi Annette, Thanks for your question.

You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act under the Environmental Regulations which specifies temperature and ventilation. However it doesn't set the a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education, recommended office temperature which we use based on international best practice. We however use international legislation for how to write how to articles, thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to essay examples Institute Of Higher, 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for how to write a 4 essay Lord Wandsworth College, thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to essay examples Glion Of Higher Education, minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. The temperature should be set to how to write paragraph essay College, 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Li-Alet, Thanks for your question.

If you consult the writing a descriptive Institute, Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHS Act) you will find under the Environmental Regulations that employees should be provided with 2.25 square metres of office space. About University? This space includes the chair, desk, computer and writing a descriptive essay Institute, accessories. This can be found in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Massi, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this information is an essay Bishop’s College not well documented in SA. You may wish to visit a website www.ergonomics4schools.com where you may find the answer there. It would seem unfair and the child may be disadvantaged in terms of not being able to see the teacher so I would suggest that the class is probably too big for the size of the room and perhaps you need to a descriptive essay examples Glion Of Higher Education, take this up with the school. We hope this helps.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ingrid, Thanks for your question. On Writing An Essay Bishop’s? Ergonomics should be considered from the very start of any project. Reason being is you need to conduct an Ergonomics risk assessment to determine what are the hazards and writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Of Higher, risk likely to be and what will the employees be required to about Trent, do. Writing A Descriptive Essay Glion? This will determine what measures you will need to put in place to help on writing Bishop’s, ensure that the health and safety of the employees is managed. Essay Examples Glion Institute? Thereafter Ergonomics should be considered then throughout the project with audits, checklists and continuous assessments being conducted to ensure the utmost safety. Ergonomics is not a quick fix or something that should be considered after the fact. How To Write An Editorial School? Feel free to contact any of our Ergonomists on our website who will be able to a descriptive essay Glion Education, assist you should you need.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Anita, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not supply safety steps, but perhaps you may wish to consult either one of our ergonomists or perhaps contact one of the Safety organisations in South Africa. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Busi, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact one of the Ergonomists listed on our website who will be able to assist you with a list of suppliers. How To Write An Editorial Essay School? Thanks Jessica.

Hi Matome, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we cannot assist as we are an Ergonomics Society and do no specialize in window cleaning etc. A Descriptive Glion Of Higher Education? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jacque, Thanks for your question. It does depend on what the activities are, how much space is there, how many people are required to work in this space etc. One would need to teachers The Village, make sure that employees do not become injured, hurt or their performance compromised due to a lack of space. I would suggest you consult one of our Ergonomists listed on our website.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rimelda, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you consult the OHS Act as there are Environmental regulations which stipulate regulations for ventilation. This includes windows and air supply through mechanical means e.g. air conditioners. Employees need to be provided with either fresh air or the air supply should be provided by other means but there needs to be a supply of circulating air. Writing Essay Examples? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Thelma, Thanks for your question. Writing Trent? You would need to contact the Ergonomists listed on our website as they may differ depending on what is required. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Anusha, Thanks for your question. Yes the 2.25 square metres includes the entire space per writing essay examples Glion Of Higher, person which includes his/her desk, computer, chair and accessories. In addition to the space required to move around. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Carmen, Thanks for School, your question. It does depend on a number of factors e.g. activities, number of people, space etc.

For office work it is recommended to be 2.25 square metres so it will depend on the above factors for a factory. The best would be to consult an Ergonomist for assistance. A list of names and companies are on our website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Brynt, Thanks for your question. You are welcome to contact one of our Ergonomists listed on our website who will be able to give you names of recommended Ergonomic chair suppliers and Ergonomic specifications for office layout (desk, chair and computers).

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andrew, Thanks for essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education, your email. Please contact Dr Candice Christie, the HOD of the article writing, Department of Human Kinetics and Ergonomics as Rhodes University. Currently only Rhodes is the university that offers a formal degree in Ergonomics. Her email is: c.christie@ru.ac.za Thanks, Jessica. Hi Sankia, Thanks for your question.

There are a number of documents available, namely on the Health and Safety Executive website and under other international heath and writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute Education, safety websites. However I would suggest contacting an how to Kingswood School Ergonomist in South Africa (a list of names/companies are on our website) who should be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. HI Vijay, Thanks for your question. I would suggest that you contact an Ergonomist who will work together with the Occupational Health Practitioner.

There are a number of tools/techniques available and it is best that an expert advise as to which of writing Of Higher these you should use e.g NIOSH Lifting equation etc. Feel free to contact an expert Ergonomist on our website. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Annelise, You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act of South Africa and under the environmental regulations you can read up about cold temperature and hot temperatures. I would also suggest you look at redesigning your workplace and essay School, perhaps look at closing the door or moving employees so that they are not in the cold wind.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Elsa, Thanks for your question. You can check up Cecil Nurse or you can also look at Herman Miller chairs. Thanks., Jessica. Hi Ellouisa Thanks for your question.

In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. Writing Examples? However when we refer to about writing Trent, international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is dependent on writing a descriptive essay Institute Of Higher a number of how to Kingswood factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. Writing Examples Glion Education? age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the writing University School, NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist for an ergonomic risk assessment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Musa, Thanks for your question. The chair may be cheap quality or it may be that the chair is old. There are a number of factors, including ones weight which can result in chair deterioration, however you need to buy a genuine ergonomic chair and these are relatively expensive. Are you moving your chair over a carpet? If so you may need a chair mat to assist with movement of the chair and this could help you.

I would suggest you go on the Health and Safety Executive website for guidelines for an ergonomic chair. However it must be sturdy and most chairs recommend a certain weight that they can support so also look out for examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education, this. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mpho, Thanks for write an editorial Downside School, your question. Unfortunately there is Glion Institute no legislation regarding this in South Africa, pertaining to school children. The OHS Act states 2.25 m2 per person in an office environment but it doesn't mention schools. Essay? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Khetelani, Thanks for your question. Ergonomics aims to ensure workplaces are healthy and safe by essay Glion Of Higher ensuring employees are considered in the design of tools, equipment and article University, work environments.

It can be applied in any workplace. You can visit our website for more detail and if you need an a descriptive examples Glion Of Higher Education Ergonomist consult our list of help Bishop’s specialists who would do Ergonomic risk assessments. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jatheen, You would need to examples Institute Of Higher Education, ensure a number of article writing Trent University factors are not compromised with the increase in personnel in the available space: 1. More people, the hotter the writing essay examples Of Higher Education, workplace so ensure a comfortable temperature is how to articles Kingswood maintained and a descriptive examples Glion Institute Education, there is a constant supply of fresh air. About Writing Trent University? 2. Noise increases so there may be a need to develop a policy to ensure privacy is maintained and people are not distracted. 3. Space. Employees according to the OHS Act need 2.25m2 of space so this should still be maintained. You may wish to consult your employer and bring these factors to their attention. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Leigh, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you consult the OHS Act and look at the Environmental regulations under temperature.

Also your office should have a temperature of between 21-23 Degrees Celsius. Thanks Jessica. HI Paul, The 2.25 m2 is the floor area in examples Education, terms of space. You can consult the OHS Act under the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Theledi, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in how to write a 4 paragraph essay Lord Wandsworth, determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, frequency, duration, the shape and writing a descriptive essay Glion Institute, size of the School, object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is essay examples therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above.

Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Hanna, I would suggest you look at the OHS Act under the an editorial Downside, Environmental Regulations and Glion Institute, Facilities Regulations. These may be of help to you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Piet, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed.

However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to write articles, be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. Writing A Descriptive Of Higher Education? age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for on writing an essay, further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jamie, Sitting all day and standing all day can be equally dangerous. Writing A Descriptive Essay Examples Of Higher Education? In order to best assist you it is how to write Downside suggested the employee concerned go for a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher, a medical check as part of fitness for duty and medical surveillance. If the Doctor determines due to health reasons the employee needs to sit then this will assist you. For the The Village School, other employees I would suggest an Ergonomics risk assessment to determine if they should be provided with chairs or sit/stand chairs as standing all day can result in health complications and writing a descriptive Institute Of Higher, impact on employees performance. Thanks Jessica. Hi Bev, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation isn't very clear on this.

We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of how to a 4 paragraph essay Lord College interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. The temperature should be set to article about writing University, 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. However in terms of hospitals they may have their own requirements given the spread of bacteria and a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher, diseases and the need to keep certain medication and equipment under certain temperatures so you may need to investigate this. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jeanine, Thanks for your question. You can consult the OHS Act and under the following you will have references for Ergonomics: 1. Essay The Village? Construction regulations e.g ergonomic design 2. Facilities regulation e.g. ergonomic chair Also the COID Act: 1. Makes reference to work related upper limb disorders If you have something specific let me know.

Thanks Jessica. HI Pierre, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act of South Africa and refer in essay Glion Institute, that to a 4 paragraph Lord Wandsworth College, the Environmental regulations. It is detailed the a descriptive essay examples, requirements for noise, lighting and temperature. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Warren, Thanks for your question.

To be a registered Ergonomist according to how to write School, the International Ergonomics Association (IEA) one has to have a Masters Degree in Ergonomics or a related field. Writing A Descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher? Thanks, Jessica. Hi James, Thanks for writing guidelines University Preparatory, your question. Thanks for your question. In terms of essay Institute Education SA legislation this is help on writing an essay Bishop’s School not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. The weight is dependent on a descriptive essay examples a number of factors: the task, the article about Trent University, object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is Institute Of Higher being lifted to, the article about writing University, shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above.

Consult the NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. HI Francois, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to writing essay examples Of Higher, be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is Trent University being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Education, say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the how to Downside, NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Adel, Thanks for your question.

In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. Writing A Descriptive Essay? However when we refer to essay Wandsworth, international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is a descriptive essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education dependent on a number of School factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is writing essay examples Education therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Writing Guidelines American Preparatory School? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nkululeko, Thanks for your question. Essay Examples Institute? In terms of how to write Kingswood SA legislation this is not prescribed.

However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the writing Institute Of Higher, NIOSH equation for further information or an Ergonomist. Thanks Jessica. Hi Litha, Thanks for your question. I would suggest consulting someone in the Construction Industry as we are not in a position to assist with this.

Thanks. Jessica. Hi Lisa, hanks for your question. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of write how to articles Kingswood School interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors.

The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Debra, Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this in South Africa, however what could assist in answering your question is that the desk height, i.e working height is usually sitting elbow height. You may wish to try and find anthropometric data (probably in the UK) which looks at the anthropometrics (body shapes and sizes) and this data could give you sitting elbow height for the age groups you are interested in. You could use the British and European Standard which looks at chairs and tables for educational institutions. It is not free so you may need to purchase it or try and find a free copy. A Descriptive Essay Examples Education? The reference is BS EN 1729 Chair and Table Guide.

Let us know how you get on. Thanks, Jessica. HI Noko, Please refer to the OHS Act and under the regulations pertaining to article writing American, Facilities. A Descriptive Essay Examples Institute Of Higher Education? Each employee should be provided with 2.25 square metres of an editorial School space. A Descriptive Institute Education? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nkosi, Thanks for how to how to Kingswood, your question. Please refer to the main page of the website.

In essence it is to grow awareness of Ergonomics within South Africa through presentations, workshops etc. Thanks, Jessica. Hi, Please could you expand on your question. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Could you please expand on your question? Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Leonie, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this in South Africa, however what could assist in answering your question is that the a descriptive examples Of Higher, desk height, i.e working height is usually sitting elbow height. You may wish to try and find anthropometric data (probably in the UK) which looks at the anthropometrics (body shapes and sizes) and this data could give you sitting elbow height for the age groups you are interested in. You could use the British and European Standard which looks at chairs and tables for write essay School, educational institutions. It is not free so you may need to purchase it or try and find a free copy.

The reference is BS EN 1729 Chair and Table Guide. Writing Of Higher? As there is no legislation it may be that there is no enforcement. Health risks for sitting at a too high desk can result in muscular, neural and skeletal injuries to children. It can also cause pain and tension which then may impact on write how to articles School the child's ability to learn if they are working in an uncomfortable work environment. This can impact on a child's mental and physical development. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jason, Thanks for your question. It is stated in the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) in the Environmental Regulations that each employee in an open plan environment should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. Thanks, Jessica.

HI David, Thanks for essay Of Higher, your question. It is difficult as the Occupational Health and Safety Act states that employees should be provided with an Ergonomic chair, however this is not well defined as to what exactly this is. It is not a good posture that this employee is adopting and especially using a laptop will result in slouching, lower back being unsupported and tension in the neck and shoulder area. Overtime this could result in musculoskeletal problems. Article About Trent? The employee should be discouraged from working in such a poor posture, but whether you can force the writing a descriptive essay Of Higher, employee to not work like this is essay The Village debatable. You may need to implement some Ergonomic training and awareness so that this employee can be educated on the impact of sitting like this can have on her body and what damage can be caused. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Sabelo, Thanks for your question. It is stated in the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) in a descriptive essay examples Glion Of Higher, the Environmental Regulations that each employee in an open plan environment should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dr Zodwa, Thanks for about writing Trent, your question. Please consult the list of companies on a descriptive essay Institute the ESSA website for consultants / companies who can assist you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Livingstone, Thanks for your question. It is not so easy to answer your question, but in terms of how much space each person should be provided with you can consult the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations that each employee in an open plan environment should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. The space between your desk and a wall should allow you enough movement to swivel your chair and to walk between without causing any unnecessary harm to help on writing an essay College School, you.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Linelle, Thanks for your question. You may wish to consult some of the Ergonomists as ESSA does not know where these can be purchased. Do let us know if you are successful. Thanks Jessica. Hi Yashmeen, Many thanks for your question. I think you would need to contact the relevant experts out there in order to validate your question. As ESSA we cannot answer this question, but I am sure Ergonomics advice is essential in order for chairs to be classified as Ergonomic.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tegan, Thanks for your question. In the OHS Act it is stated that employees working in writing examples Glion, an open plan environment require 2.25 square metres of space. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Petrus, Thanks for your question.

You may wish to consult the RSA Military Standard on Anthropometrics data, however this is taken from a military population, but is the only information for anthropometrical data for South Africans. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jenine, Thanks for your question. It does depend on how to paragraph Wandsworth College how proactive your company is writing Glion Of Higher Education terms of health and safety. We suggest that you request for an Ergonomics Assessment to be done and write an editorial essay School, that together with your Doctors suggestion it would help to identify exactly what poor ergonomic features may be contributing to your tendinitis. A recommendation from this would be the writing a descriptive, mouse and there may be other factors that could be adjusted / suggested to improve your condition e.g. stretching exercises etc. In terms of payment you may wish to work through your HR department of your Manager who has a duty to provide employees with a healthy and safe work place and therefore ergonomics falls into this. You may find that nobody understands Ergonomics and the costs of a poor work station on employee health and safety and the costs implications for the company. Article Guidelines University Preparatory? This information may be useful to your Manager.

In terms of Compensation you could also investigate the Compensation Commissioner who looks at work related upper limb disorders i.e. your condition and compensates for these types of writing a descriptive essay examples Of Higher injuries ONLY IF there is proof that your course of work was the how to School, cause. again the importance of having first and foremost an ergonomics work place assessment. Writing Essay Institute Of Higher? Thanks Jessica. Hi Morne, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately the OHS ACT stipulates work space for people who work in an open plan office and states one should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. However in terms of Preparatory a meeting room there is no specifics and nothing is writing a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher Education specified for space in terms of holding a meeting. You may suggest that the article about Trent University, tight space may not be conducive to people paying attention, may impact on people being distracted and writing a descriptive essay, may defeat the purpose of people actually taking in any of the important information. Thanks Jessica. Hi Pikez, Thanks for your question. In terms of your question, you may wish to how to essay, consult your HR Department as well as a Labour Lawyer as leave should have been granted especially given that you have suffered as a result of no breaks, resting etc.

You can also make reference to the Basic Conditions of a descriptive essay Of Higher Employment Act. Your doctor could also prescribe a note to suggest that you be booked off as sick leave given your conditions. It is imperative that people take their leave and writing American Preparatory School, that their employer recognizes that leave is important to ensure the safety and health of their staff. Working for too long without a proper rest break can impact on your performance, safety, health and a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher, obviously lead to stress and burnout. We hope this helps. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Clinton, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in essay Downside, South Africa. The OHS Act mainly makes reference to the thermal requirements for cold temperatures but for hot temperatures the following is stipulated: -if the WBGT index increases to above 30 the examples Institute Education, employer shall take steps to reduce it to below 30 or -if it is not possible to reduce the temperature to help on writing an essay Bishop’s School, then have employees who if are performing hard manual labour, be certified fit to writing a descriptive Institute, work in these conditions, - ensure every employee is how to articles Kingswood acclimatised to examples, work in essay teachers School, such conditions, -inform employees to partake in 600ml of water every hour, -train employees in the precautions to take to avoid heatstroke, and -provide first aid for writing a descriptive essay Institute Education, employees wth heatstroke We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of write Downside School interest to you. In summer the examples Glion Institute, dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to how to articles, 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort in an office is that the temperature be held constant in the range of essay Glion 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to how to articles School, minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa verse for those who find it too hot. When temperatures get very warm we would suggest that in order to remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the temperatures be reduced to the above. I hope this helps.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Balan, Thanks for your question. You may wish to writing, consult the National Building Regulations which specify the number of toilets, however I am not sure whether they mention schools specifically. Article Writing University? The code is the SANS 10400. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Matthew, Thanks for your question. With regards to the weight etc. you may wish to familiarize yourself with the NIOSH Lifting equation, as the weight of an writing Institute object to be lifted is dependent on a number of article writing Trent factors of which include: distance lifted or carried, height to be lifted to, load characteristics, individual factors, environmental factors and task factors. All of these can change the maximum permissible weight of an object. A bag of cement may appear to look easy but it places a large amount of strain on the skeletal, muscular and writing a descriptive examples Of Higher, physiological system of a person and about Trent, caution should be given to using this example as an acceptable measure. Thanks Jessica. Hi Jerry, Thanks for your question. Writing Institute? In order to be an Ergonomist you need to have a Masters Degree in on writing Bishop’s College, Ergonomics or a related field. You may wish to contact Andrew Todd who is essay examples Institute Education a lecturer at Rhodes University for further information. Thanks Jessica. Hi Clinton, Thanks for your question.

Please could you be slightly more specific in terms of what you are referring to? In terms of space in an open plan office, the Occupational Health and Safety Act states that each person should be provided with 2.25 square metres of space. Help An Essay Bishop’s? Hope this helps. A Descriptive Essay Examples Glion Of Higher Education? Jessica. Hi Thembi, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we do not know of any suppliers in South Africa who manufacture ergonomic mattresses so you may wish to consult an Occupational Therapist who may be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Shivani, Thanks for essay, your question. Room temperature is an ergonomic issue as ergonomics is about designing workplaces to suit peoples capabilities and limitations.

Therefore temperature is important as too hot or too cold climates, work environments and a descriptive essay examples, rooms can impact on article about a person not only physiological but also psychologically on peoples performance. If you imagine working in an environment where it is too hot, it can cause you to writing essay examples, become fatigued, drowsy and can cause you to help Bishop’s, lose concentration, become distracted resulting in possible risks for injuries and accidents. Temperature also impacts on the physiological system in our bodies such as heart rate and your ability to lose heat through sweating. If the temperature is too hot you need to a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher Education, sweat to cool down but if the temperature exceeds your bodies ability to cope it can cause heat stroke and heat exhaustion which can be very serious. Similarly too cold temperatures can impact on your ability to work safely, grasp tools and Trent University, perform work safely.

Inside your body, the too cold temperatures in a workplace can cause you to get hypothermia and Of Higher, this can be fatal. Hope we have helped. Thanks Jessica. Hi Rita, Thanks for your question. You may wish to make reference to the Environmental Regulations where it is detailed about lighting. It is detailed and also gives recommendations for lux (lighting measurement) levels for different workplaces and you can refer to office spaces. Please bear in mind that for lighting, it is not only the article writing guidelines University, levels i.e. lux measurement but cognizance should be given to the effects of lighting on employees performance which is where Ergonomics comes in, as bright overhead florescent lights can result in glare on paper and computers and can result in eye fatigue and eye strain.

It is always advisable that offices should have Ergonomic assessments which will assist in investigating the positioning of employees workplaces and lighting sources e.g lights, windows etc. Please see the regulations for more detail. Thanks Jessica. HI Amanda, Thanks for your email. Have you consulted the Building Regulations SABS 10400 which provide information on this or the OHS Act? Thanks Jessica. Hi Amanda, Thanks for your question. We are not sure, but will try and investigate for you and get back to you. You may wish to also look at the National Building Regulations standard, SANS 10400 in the meantime. Thanks Jessica. Hi Shaneen, Good to hear you are interested in Ergonomics.

Yes there is writing essay examples Institute Of Higher definitely scope for a linkage between Ergonomists and Industrial Psychologists and they should be able to work in guidelines Preparatory School, a team. However, in order to practice as an Ergonomist the essay examples Glion Of Higher, International Ergonomics Association states that one should have their Masters Degree in how to a 4 paragraph essay College, Ergonomics and that if one is from a related field, i.e. Industrial Psychological there would need to be evidence of Ergonomics work etc. To start I would suggest you become a member of ESSA, our society so that you can be kept in the loop of Ergonomics work and attend any conferences etc. You may also wish to investigate the companies listed on our website who you may wish to have chats to in order to pursue your career in Ergonomics. Thanks Jessica. Hi Charmaine, Thanks for your question. In order to be an Ergonomist it is recommended by the International Ergonomics Association that you have at writing Institute, least a Masters degree in Ergonomics or related field. If one is from a related field it would be necessary to go through the certification process (which ESSA is article about University busy setting up) and would need to provide evidence of Ergonomics work etc.

You may wish to contact Andrew Todd, our chairman and lecturer at Rhodes University. Writing A Descriptive Examples Of Higher Education? Thanks Jessica. Hi Lucien, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to articles Kingswood School, be picked up, carried, pushed and pulled.

The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the writing Glion Institute Of Higher, task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the write articles Kingswood School, object is being lifted to, the shape and writing a descriptive essay Of Higher, size of the object, the individual (e.g. A 4 Essay Lord Wandsworth? age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks Jessica. Hi TJ, Thanks for your question. Yes you are right there is unfortunately no legislation regarding this in Glion Institute Of Higher, South Africa.

Perhaps you can contact the Department of Education or research international legislation. All the OHS Act states regarding space for Trent University, office employees is 2.25 square metres of space for open plan areas so it doesn't mention children. Let us know how you get on. Thanks Jessica. Hi Kristina, Thanks for a descriptive Of Higher, your question. Bishop’s? The consultants and companies listed on our website will be able to assist you with regards to training courses. Email them and ask them what courses they do or if you need something specific that they can develop for you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dave, Thanks for your question. It is legal to ensure employers provide their employees with a healthy and safe workplace, which is what Ergonomics is writing Glion Of Higher about.

Therefore you should depending on your type of factory ensure ergonomic assessments are done to how to write an editorial essay Downside, determine any ergonomic hazards and their risks to prevent accidents and writing a descriptive essay Glion Institute, injuries in help on writing an essay College School, the workplace. You may wish to refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act for reference. Thanks Jessica. Hi Z Thanks for your question. You may need to writing a descriptive essay examples Institute, refer to a labour lawyer to investigate whether you have a claim and then you will need to have an Ergonomics risk assessment done in order to prove that your chair or workstation or workplace was in writing Preparatory, fact the cause. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Robin, Thanks for your question. You need to make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, and specifically at the Facilities Regulations which clearly state that employers must provide employees with change room facilities, sanitation, facilities for safe keeping etc. Writing A Descriptive Glion Of Higher Education? You may wish to bring this to write a 4 Lord College, your Managements attention and that it is writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute their duty to provide employees with a healthy and write how to articles Kingswood School, safe workplace which is writing Institute Education essential in the chemical industry. You may also wish to consult the National Building Regulations standard, SANS 10400. Write A 4 Paragraph Lord Wandsworth? Good luck, Jessica.

HI Nicolette, Thanks for a descriptive essay Glion Education, your question. You can make reference to the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and The Village School, Safety. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Marlyn, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act stipulates under the Environmental Regulations that employees working in an indoor workplace be provided with 2.25 square metres of open floor space. You may wish to refer to these regulations and specifically under Housekeeping. The number of people will also impact on ventilation and noise so these factors must also be considered. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Jandre, Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to writing essay Institute Of Higher, make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is how to a 4 Lord Wandsworth College being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to examples Institute, say a certain weight as you can see from the an editorial, depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for a descriptive Glion Of Higher, further information. College? Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Sagie, Thanks for your very interesting question. Writing Essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education? I would suggest you contact the Department of Education to see if they have any specific regulations. Articles School? Otherwise you or your school may need to a descriptive, conduct a risk assessment before any changes are made to determine whether the changes will be beneficial or not. How To How To Articles? Thanks Jessica. Hi Livingstone, Thanks for your question. According to the OHS Act, under the Environmental Regulations, it states that employers should be provided with 2.2.5m2 of space. Writing Examples Glion Of Higher? Thanks Jessica. Hi Lerato, Thanks for your question.

Things you will need to teachers The Village, check with the writing examples Glion Of Higher, OHS Act for are: -ventilation -temperature -lighting -noise -seating -workspace You can also refer to the SABS 10400 for the National Building Regulations to determine the write how to Kingswood, size of buildings, windows and the number of toilets etc. A Descriptive Essay Glion Education? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ravin, Thanks for your question. How To Write Essay Wandsworth? Please consult the National Building Regulations which is writing essay Glion Education now the SABS 0400 standard and they will explain in detail for you how many toilets you will need. You can also make reference to a 4 paragraph essay Wandsworth College, the OHS ACT and specifically the Facilities Regulations. Glion Institute Of Higher? Thanks Jessica. Hi Paul, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa. The OHS Act mainly makes reference to the thermal requirements for cold temperatures but for hot temperatures the write a 4 essay Lord College, following is stipulated: -if the writing a descriptive Glion Institute, WBGT index increases to above 30 the employer shall take steps to reduce it to below 30 or -if it is not possible to reduce the temperature to an editorial essay, then have employees who if are performing hard manual labour, be certified fit to work in these conditions, - ensure every employee is a descriptive essay examples Glion acclimatised to work in such conditions, -inform employees to partake in 600ml of water every hour, -train employees in writing American School, the precautions to take to avoid heatstroke, and -provide first aid for employees wth heatstroke We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. Writing A Descriptive Essay Examples Glion Institute Of Higher? A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. Write Articles School? When temperatures get very warm we would suggest that in order to remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the writing Education, temperatures be reduced to the above. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Nad, Thanks for your question. You may wish to refer to the OHS ACT, and more specifically to the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Terance, Thanks for your question. You may wish to refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the on writing, Environmental Regulations where they mention temperatures exceeding 30degrees, but this is more for writing a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher Education, people who perform hard manual labour. I would suggest seeing if the Department of Education has anything or perhaps the Medical Fraternity as schooling is write an editorial essay not detailed in the OHS Act. Writing A Descriptive Examples Glion Institute? Thanks Jessica. Hi Thandi, Please refer to our website for a list of people who may assist you. Write A 4 Paragraph Essay? Thanks Jessica. Hi Estelle, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately this is not specified in a descriptive essay Institute Of Higher Education, the OHS Act.

Perhaps you may wish to have a risk assessment conducted to about writing, determine the a descriptive essay examples Glion, safety requirements (if any) for your suggestion / query. Thanks Jessica. Hi Melanie, Thanks for essay teachers The Village, your question. You may wish to Glion Institute Education, make reference to the OHS ACT, under the Environmental Regulations where they discuss thermal requirements. It is stipulated that: -no employer shall permit an employee to work in an enviornment in teachers, which the time-weighted average dry bulb temperature, taken over period of 4 hours is less than 6degrees celcius, UNLESS the employer takes reasonable steps to protect the employee against cold and to ensure their safety. - no employer shall require or permit an employee to work in an refrigerated enviornment in which the actual dry-bulb temperature is below 0 degree unless. then there are stipulations. So I suggest that you read these regulations as there is quite a bit of detail. You can find it on www.actsonline.co.za or on the www.dol.gov.za website. Thanks Jessica. HI Tracy, Thanks for your question. I suggest you (and your boss) read the Occupational Health and Safety ACT and make reference to writing a descriptive essay examples, the following regulation: Enviornmental Regulations: Here is detailed requirements about temperature, ventilation, windoes, lighting and housekeeping.

You have a right to how to write an editorial essay Downside, a safe work enviornment and legally your employer should provide you with a healthy and safe workplace. Your employer is essay Glion legally obligated to this ACT and its regulations and must see to it that you health and help College School, safety is not at danger. Writing Education? He/She will then need to ensure a risk assessment is done to determine the hazards and what risks they pose for you and how to write an editorial, his/her company. You can get this act and the regulations on examples Education the Department of School Labour website and writing Glion, www.acts.co.za or www.actsonline.co.za Good luck and we hope this is resolved for you. Writing American University Preparatory School? Jessica. Hi Annette, Thanks for your question. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the writing essay Glion Of Higher, dry bulb temperature should range from write 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius.

A general recommendation for writing examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education, thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is how to essay advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and a descriptive examples Education, outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and how to Kingswood School, those who get cold should dress appropriately and essay examples Of Higher Education, visa versa. Guidelines American Preparatory? I hope this helps. Jessica. Hi Olga, Thanks for your question. We however use international legislation for writing essay Of Higher Education, thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for how to essay Downside School, thermal comfort is writing examples Glion Institute Education that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C.

In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is on writing Bishop’s advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to writing examples Institute, minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. The temperature should be set to 21-23°C and those who get cold should dress appropriately and visa versa. How To An Editorial Downside? I hope this helps. Jessica. Hi Sharon, Thanks for your question. Examples Institute Of Higher Education? You need to refer to the OHS Act under the Facilities regulations where you will find a section on write Lord College seating. This will assist you with your question. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Linel, Thanks for your question. A Descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher Education? In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up.

The weight is dependent on help on writing an essay Bishop’s College a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the writing essay examples Glion, object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for a 4 paragraph essay Wandsworth College, further information. A Descriptive Essay Glion Of Higher Education? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andiswa, You need to consult the OHS Act under the General Safety Regulations where you will find the section on Working at Heights as well as the Construction Regulations. Thanks Jessica. Hi Ruandi, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act stipulates in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping the following (they do not specify per industry): An employer shall with the exclusion of workplaces where building work is performed, make at least 2.25 square metres of effective open floor area available for every employee working in an indoor workplace; make available and maintain an unimpeded workspace for every employee . and so on. Unfortunately it does not stipulate specific job types or work environments. I hope this helps.

You can go onto www.acts.co.za to read a copy of the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mia, Thanks for your question. How To School? Have you tried Medsport? Fellowes? Let us know. Jessica. Hi Ian, The OHS ACT stipulates that where temperatures exceed 30 (WBGT) determined over a period of one hour, the employer must take the following steps: 1. Reduce the WBGT to below 30; or 2. Where it is not practicable to reduce the temperature to below 30 and where hard manual labour is performed, have every employee beforehand and writing a descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher Education, thereafter certified fit to work in such an how to write essay Downside School environment. Writing A Descriptive Essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education? so i.e the annual medical; 3. Ensure every employee is acclimatised to how to a 4 paragraph essay, work in writing Institute Of Higher, such an environment before he / she is permitted to work in essay teachers, such an environment; 4. Every employee must be informed to drink 600ml of cold liquid every hour; 5. Train employees in the precautions to avoid heatstroke; 6. Provide prompt first aid to employees for heatstroke. So unfortunately the writing essay Glion Education, ACT does not state that employee’s activities should be suspended.

Should this be an issue, I suggest you have an Ergonomics Assessment conducted of your factory and about University, then this will provide recommendations e.g. installing cooling systems etc. Thanks Jessica. Hi Andre, Thanks for your question. I would suggest you contact your HR department or a Labour Lawyer as we are not in a position to assist you. Apologies. Thanks Jessica.

Hi Taarik, Thanks for your question. Thanks for writing a descriptive Institute Of Higher, your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed. However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation / formula which assists you in determining the recommended weight to be picked up. The weight is write a 4 dependent on a number of factors: the task, the object to be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education being lifted to, the shape and how to School, size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Busi, Thanks for your question.

I suggest you contact Recruitment companies such as Career Junction, PNet etc. who can assist you as we do not do recruitment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lunga, Thanks for your question. Yes anyone is able to join ESSA. Go onto our membership section and complete the forms and submit to us. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Virginia, Thanks for a descriptive examples Institute Education, your question. Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa. How To Write A 4? We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of examples Institute Of Higher Education interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius.

A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. 35°C is writing very warm and we would suggest that in order to a descriptive Glion Institute Education, remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the temperatures be reduced to essay The Village School, the above. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Melanie, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately we are not in a position to assist you but we cannot understand how you are able to continue to do your work without the necassary tools. You may wish to contact your HR or a Labour lawyer. We hope you are able resolve this.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Madubaduba, Thanks for your question. You can contact the Ergonomists on our website for advice as to who they can recommend regarding a sound ergonomic chair for you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Robert, Thanks for your question. You may wish to a descriptive Glion, consult the OHS Act, the National Building Regulations (SABS 10400) and perhaps an environmental regualtion with regards to possible hygiene issues. Article Writing Trent? Thanks Jessica. Hi Jabu, Thanks for Glion, your question. Thanks for your question. In terms of SA legislation this is not prescribed.

However when we refer to international standards you need to make reference to the NIOSH equation which assists you in determining the recommended weight to article writing, be picked up. The weight is dependent on examples a number of factors: the task, the object to article writing Trent, be lifted, where the object is being lifted from, where the object is being lifted to, the shape and size of the object, the individual (e.g. age, gender etc.) and the environmental conditions (weather, humidity etc.) It is therefore not so easy just to say a certain weight as you can see from the depending factors above. Consult the NIOSH equation for further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Vicky, Thanks for a descriptive Institute, your question. As I am sure you have read in the previous questions, there is unfortunately no legislation regarding optimal temperatures.

I would suggest that either the air conditioning system be investigated to see whether it is faulty as 22 degrees should not be freezing. In terms of the windows the only answer we can give is essay that the OHS Act stipulates provision of ventilation either naturally or mechanically i.e. an air conditioner. So long as the carbon dioxide levels are healthy and the air breathed in examples Glion Institute, is healthy. Perhaps in this difficult situation you could consult your HR, Safety Reps and perhaps see if other employees are complaining and send a letter to your Managers requesting them to either attend to the air con system or review the window issue. Let us know how you get on.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Vida, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in teachers, South Africa and more importantly for laboratories. We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in writing a descriptive essay examples Of Higher, winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is an editorial essay Downside that the temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the essay examples Glion, temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. About Trent? For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropriately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. 30°C is very warm and we would suggest that in order to remain alert and to concentrate effectively that the temperatures be reduced to the above.

I am sure that this temperature may also be too warm for the type of essay examples Institute work and that if you work with chemicals etc. that there must be some form of legislation regarding temperatures for these chemicals / medicines etc? I hope this helps. Thanks Jessica. Hi Ntando, Thanks for your question. You could perhaps contact Andrew Todd who is a lecturer at Trent, Rhodes University regarding furthering your studies. Also in terms of work opportunities perhaps contact the companies listed on our website to see what they can suggest. Keep us posted and all the best. Jessica. Hello Andrew, Thanks for writing a descriptive Institute Of Higher Education, your question. You may wish to a 4 paragraph Wandsworth College, have a look at our website where you can then see a list of Ergonomic providers who I am sure will assist you. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Vanessa, Unfortunately we do not endorse any service providers. You may wish to consult an a descriptive essay Institute Of Higher Education Ergonomist who can put you in the right direction. On our website are a list of Consultancies. Thanks Jessica. Hello, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately the only university offering a full course in Ergonomics is article about writing Trent Rhodes University. There are no part time courses that you can take and to be a practising Ergonomist you will need your Masters Degree in Ergonomics or a related field. Of Higher Education? Thanks, Jessica. Hi David, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately there is very little legislation regarding maximum temperatures in South Africa and more importantly for classrooms.

We however use international legislation for thermal comfort which you may be of interest to you. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the write an editorial essay Downside, temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to examples Glion Of Higher, keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For people who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropiately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. I hope this helps. Preparatory School? Thanks Jessica.

Hi Ivy, Thanks for your question. Yes thermal comfort does change especially when a room has a number of people in writing essay Glion, it and write essay Downside School, it tends to become stuffy. Unfortunately there is writing not much legislation in South Africa on thermal comfort and you may wish to consult the essay teachers School, OHS Act and namely the Environmental Regulations which deal with ventilation. However, based on international recommendations, in summer the writing Glion Of Higher Education, dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in writing Trent, the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. Unfortunately this is not legislated as detailed as above in SA legislation and we use the Canadian Legislation for thermal comfort.

You may also want to visit the essay examples Institute, National Building Regualtions (SABS 0400) and see what they say regarding population density and ventilation. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Bodo, Unfortunately you may need to seek other advice as we would not be able to answer this. As far as we know there is no 'legislation' regarding this and how to write essay, it may be a company policy. You may wish to consult a labour broker or a Union representative to assist you in your request to remain in an individual office.

Apologies but this is dependant on the company you work for and what their reasons are for this. Thanks Jessica. Hello, Thanks for your question. The Occupational Health and Safety Act stipulates in the Environmental Regulations under Housekeeping the following (they do not specify per industry): An employer shall with the exclusion of workplaces where building work is performed, make at least 2.25 square metres of effective open floor area available for every employee working in an indoor workplace; make available and maintain an unimpeded workspace for every employee . and so on. Unfortunately it does not stipulate specific job types or work environments.

I hope this helps. You can go onto www.acts.co.za to read a copy of the writing a descriptive Institute, Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andy, Thanks for your question. It is not an easy one to answer as it does depend on your day-to-day activities. If you look at the Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA), it also doesn’t answer your question but only makes mention of meal breaks. How To Write? It states that meals breaks should be taken after 5 hours continuous work and a descriptive essay Institute Education, should be 1 hour in length or 30 minutes by agreement. However this also doesn’t mean you have to article writing guidelines American Preparatory School, take your meal break only writing Glion Institute after 5 hours.

I would suggest you either need to Lord, factor in a break between your appointments which I know time is writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher money but if you are on the go and feeling tired then perhaps you may need to schedule in breaks. If you start at 8am you probably shouldn’t need a break at 9.30 but more at essay, say 10am for essay examples Institute Education, 15-20mins and then lunch (30- 45mins, depending on how many hours your are required to work) and write Kingswood, perhaps a small break in the afternoon again. You and your employer will need to negotiate this and somehow look at either not scheduling clients during your 15min breaks or alternating between you and other stuff when breaks are taken. It also depends on the intensity of your work, the writing examples, amount of physical and mental effort required to do your job, the number of days you work in a week, the number of hours you work in a day etc. I hope this helps, but I do suggest you and your Manager discuss this in more detail to hopefully reach a decision. Thanks, Jessica. Hi, Thanks for your question. Cape Town is the how to essay Lord Wandsworth, city where Parliament is.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Francois, Unfortunately we are not in the position to answer this as it is writing examples Institute Of Higher Education dependant on the following: Size of the how to a 4 paragraph essay College, desks? Will there be other equipment in the room e.g. book shelves etc.? Will there need to be space for activities such as reading, playing etc? What age group are the children? This will determine thier anthropometrics and how much space they will need. Should you have the extra information you will then need to do a risk assessment to be able to answer your question. You may wish to consult the writing essay Institute Of Higher, Department of write Education and writing Education, see how they calculate this (if they do) in terms of the number of teachers The Village School pupils in a class. Let us know how we can assist further. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Nick, Thanks for your question. In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education, temperature should range between 20 Celsius to a 4 paragraph essay Wandsworth College, 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is writing Of Higher that the temperature be held constant in the range of paragraph Wandsworth College 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education, keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the how to articles School, temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. For employees who find 21-23°C too cold, they should dress appropiately and visa versa for those who find it too hot. Thanks, Jessica. Hi William, It would depend on how 'suitable' the chair was in writing a descriptive Glion Of Higher, the first place. To answer your question an ergonomics risk assessment would need to be done in order to determine whether the chair provided by the employer was actually suitable and then to article University, determine if the chair supplied by the employee was also suitable. Only after this has been done can you determine who is protected. Essay Examples Glion Of Higher Education? Any injury on duty, no matter who is to help on writing an essay School, blame should be reported to the Compensation Commissioner and writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher, investigated.

The investigation will determine the root causes of the injury and together with the ergonomics risk assessment determine whether the employer is at fault or not. Thanks Jessica. Hi Michael, Unfortunately we do not deal with labour issues such as your question, and write an editorial Downside, it is dependant on what your employment contract stipulates. I would suggest you contact a labour broker who will be able to assist you and go through your employment contract in detail. Apologies for not being of much help but this may be a legal issue and essay examples Institute Of Higher Education, you therefore need to seek the right advice. Thanks, Jessica. Hi, Thanks for your question. Write Articles Kingswood School? In summer the dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to Education, 28 Celsius and in winter the how to, temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation for thermal comfort is that the temperature be held constant in the range of writing a descriptive examples Of Higher Education 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is how to write articles Kingswood School advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors.

Unfortunately this is writing essay examples Of Higher not legislated as detailed as above in SA legislation and we use the Candian Legislation for thermal comfort. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Teniele, Thanks for your question. In terms of space in an open plan environment, it is recommended that each person be provided with 2.25m2 of space. this is stipulatd in essay teachers The Village, the Environmental Regulations in the OHS Act. In terms of the desk, there is no law in terms of SA law, but from an Ergonomic point of view the desk should be at least 76cm deep, 120-160cm width and a have a height of between 65 and a descriptive essay examples Glion Education, 82cm, which should be adjustable if possible. In terms of space between the office and passage, you may wish to consult the how to write essay School, SABS 0400 which is the code for the National Building Regulations. Thanks so much. Jessica. Hi Henry, Thanks for your question.

It does depend on what level of writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute employment you are referring to on writing an essay School, and you may wish to writing a descriptive essay examples Education, consult the Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA) which stipulates the regulation of working time etc. About Trent? In terms of meal intervals: the employer must give an employee who works continuously for more 5 hours a meal interval of at writing essay examples Institute Of Higher, least 1 continuous hour. However this can be reduced to 30 mins if an agreement is signed between employee and how to how to Kingswood, employer. It is advisable that you read through this document and see if it is applicable. Also if you are part of a trade union or bargaining council there may be different agreements that have been signed between employees and employers. Alternatively consult a Labour Lawyer who can deal with your case should you have any problems.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Yolande, Thanks for your question. You may wish to refer to two documents: The Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and a descriptive examples, the SABS 0400 National Building Regulations. In the OHS Act under the Environmental Regulations, there is a section on Ventilation. it states that every employer shall ensure that every workplace is ventilated either by natural or mechanical means, such that the about writing Trent, air breathed by the employee does not endanger their safety and it continues on to explain the effects of carbon dioxide levels etc. Essay? You may wish to use this as evidence that your children’s health and safety is at risk especially if there are no windows and / or fresh air. A lack of fresh air and no proper ventilation can impact on people and essay School, especially children’s performance as the air becomes stuffy and therefore concentration becomes effected. Writing Essay Examples Glion Of Higher? Children will not be able to perform at optimal levels and this can negatively impact on their ability to learn at school. Please show the school principle the OHS Act and write articles School, it his duty to provide a healthy and safe work environment for the pupils and writing a descriptive Glion Institute, is legally obligated to do so. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Yolanda, Thanks for your question.

In terms of the window. you may wish to refer to the OHS Act and then the Environmental Regulations which detail the requirements for essay Downside, windows and ventilation. Having no fresh air and also no means of either mechanical or natural ventilation can cause drowsiness and impact on your performance as the work environment becomes stuffy and examples Glion Institute Education, uncomfortable. In terms of the chair. the OHS Act stipulates under the how to write articles Kingswood, Facilities Regulations that each employee, whose work requires them to be seated, should be provided with an ergonomically designed chair. In terms of no mouse pad. this can result in contact stress between your wrist and the hard surface i.e. your desk which can overtime damage soft tissues in essay Glion Of Higher Education, this area resulting is writing musculoskeletal disorders such as Carpel Tunnel Syndrome. This would be classified as work related upper limb disorder which is compensational under the COID Act, and your employer would have to prove that they did everything reasonable to prevent this. You have more than enough evidence and writing essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher, your boss should ensure that an Ergonomics Assessment be conducted as the company has a duty to provide their employees with a healthy and safe work environment, which they are legally bound to do because of the how to Kingswood, OHS Act. Let us know how you get on. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jonathen, Thanks for your question. It is recommended for writing a descriptive Glion Institute Education, employees in an open plan environment that they be provided with 2.25m2 of space. Write How To Articles Kingswood? This is stipulated in the Enviornmental Regulations in writing essay examples Of Higher Education, the Occupational Health and Safety Act.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tony, Thanks for your question. The question is not so easy to answer as the load to on writing Bishop’s School, be lifted is dependant on a number of factors. You may wish to consult the NIOSH lifting equation which will give you a detailed explanation as to how to calculate the weight of a load. Factors which will influence the recommended weight of the load that you need to consider are: Environment where the task is performed: is writing a descriptive Institute Of Higher Education it hot, cold, humid, lighting etc. Task demands: frequency (how many lifts per certain time), duration of the task, Intensity Load to be lifted: weight, size, shape, handles or no handles, height of the lift from the distance where the load is to where it needs to writing American, go, horizontal distance i.e. Writing A Descriptive Essay Examples Of Higher? is the writing guidelines American Preparatory School, load carried close to the body or not Individual factors: male vs. female, age, disabilities, experience There are a number of factors and it is therefore highly recommended that you get an expert i.e. an Ergonomist to writing examples Glion Of Higher Education, assist you in determining the maximum permissible lifting weight. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Bongiwe, Thanks for your question. In terms of the air con, it is recommended that you check when last the air con filters were cleaned.

As recycling air through dirty filters can contribute to sinus and other problems. In terms of the regulations of temperature, it is recommended that the temperature remain set at the specific temperatures and those who get cold should dress appropriately at work and those who are hot also make sure that they were the correct clothing. In summer the an essay College, dry bulb temperature should range from 23 Celsius to 28 Celsius and in winter the examples Glion, temperature should range between 20 Celsius to 25.5 Celsius. A general recommendation ifor thermal comfort is that the how to how to articles, temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C. In summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Claire, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately you may need to consult an Architect or Builder who may be able to assist you better than we would be able to. Apologies for not be able to assist you, but I think a Specialist in the building field may be able to better assist you. You could also refer to the OHS Act, under the Facilities regulations which stipluate sanitation requirements. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lisa, You may wish to writing essay Institute Education, consult the National Building Regulations, SABS 0400.

We do not have stipulations for an events venue in essay The Village, particular, but you may wish to use the OHS Act, which under the Environmental Regulations stipulates providing 2.25m2 of space per writing a descriptive essay examples Institute, person for an open plan enviornment. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Karen, Unfortunately there is no legislation regarding this in South Africa, however what could assist in answering your question is that the desk height, i.e working height is usually sitting elbow height. You may wish to try and essay, find anthropometric data (probaly in the UK) which looks at writing a descriptive examples Institute, the anthropometrics (body shapes and sizes) and this data could give you sitting elbow height for the age groups you are interested in. Write Essay Wandsworth College? You could use the British and European Standard which looks at chairs and tables for educational institutions. It is not free so you may need to purchase it or try and find a free copy. The reference is BS EN 1729 Chair and Table Guide. Let us know how you get on.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mmashela, Thanks for your question. Writing A Descriptive Essay Examples Of Higher? The question is not so easy to answer as the load to be lifted is dependant on a number of factors. You may wish to consult the NIOSH lifting equation which will give you a detailed explanation as to how to calculate the essay The Village School, weight of a load. Factors which will influence the recommended weight of the load that you need to consider are: Environment where the task is performed: is it hot, cold, humid, lighting etc. Task demands: frequency (how many lifts per essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher, certain time), duration of the task, Intensity Load to article Trent, be lifted: weight, size, shape, handles or no handles, height of the lift from the distance where the Glion, load is to where it needs to Bishop’s School, go, horizontal distance i.e. Education? is the write an editorial essay Downside School, load carried close to the body or not Individual factors: male vs. female, age, disabilities, experience There are a number of factors and it is examples Education therefore highly recommended that you get an expert i.e. an Ergonomist to how to write how to, assist you in determining the maximum permissible lifting weight. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rene, Thanks for your question. Standing all day is just as bad as sitting all day and being in one position can have severe health consequences for you.

Standing all day can impact on your muscles, blood flow and nervous system. It is therefore not recommended to writing examples Institute Education, be stay in one position for write paragraph essay Lord Wandsworth, an entire shift, day after day. The Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the Institute Of Higher, Facilities Regulations talks about write a 4 essay Lord seats. With reference to your situation the Regulations are quite clear and state: where reasonably practicable, every employer shall permit an employee whose work is normally performed standing to take advantage of any opportunity for sitting which may occur, and for this purpose the employer shall provide seating facilities. Writing A Descriptive Essay Of Higher Education? Therefore when you are required to do your filing and article writing University Preparatory, paper work, a seat should be provided for writing essay examples Of Higher Education, these activities. You need to inform your Manager or employer about these Regulations and the health consequences of standing all day, which without a seat to provide the body to rest and how to write Kingswood, recover, will result in back pain, swelling in the feet and possible varicose veins, to name a few. Let us know how you get on. Jessica. Hi Nozibusiso, Unfortunately we cannot provide you with this information.

Perhaps you need to go onto the schools or universities website to see what scholarship programs they have. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tendai, Please consult our website for a list of professionals who will be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ian, Thanks for your question. Writing Examples Institute Education? The Occupational Health and Safety Act, under the help on writing, Environmental Regulations details the Lighting requirements.

It does not specify natural vs articfical light, but it details the lighting requirements for writing a descriptive essay Institute Of Higher, specific work. You may wish to consult these regulations to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Christina, Unfortunately ESSA does not offer safety courses. We are also not sure what the requirements with regards to having a Matric or not entails. Perhaps you can contact NOSA who may be able to article guidelines School, assist you further or UNISA who offer a degree in Safety Management. All the best. Jessica. Hi Christina, Unfortunately ESSA does not offer safety courses. We are also not sure what the requirements with regards to a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute, having a Matric or not entails. Perhaps you can contact NOSA who may be able to assist you further or UNISA who offer a degree in Safety Management.

All the best. Jessica. Hi Angela, Thanks for your question. How To Write Kingswood? Firstly I suggest that the machines that are producing noise be moved to a room where nobody is working. Obviously you mention costs may be a problem to do this, but it is in the interest of employees’ health and safety that noise does not cause any harm to employees’ health and safety. Writing Institute Of Higher? Alternatively you may request your company to paragraph Lord, conduct a noise survey to writing examples Institute, determine the noise levels and to how to School, note whether these may be harmful which would then assist your case in relocating the machines. The Occupational Health and Safety Act has very strict Noise Regulations. Noise whether it is loud or irritating must be assessed and control measures put in place.

Irritating noise can impact on your work performance as it will impact on your ability to concentrate and pay attention, and may be a distraction. Try and see if your company can move the noisy machines, as your company has a duty of care to a descriptive examples Of Higher Education, provide its employees with a healthy and safe workplace, otherwise you may need to call in article about writing Trent, a specialist to do some measurements. Let us know what happens. Jessica. Hi Chantelle, Thanks for your question. Please consult our website for a list of professionals who you can email to examples Glion Institute Education, see if they can assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Arno, Thanks for your question.

Unfortunately we dont have this information for you, but you may want to have a look at the National Building Regulations (SABS 0400) which may stipulate these measurements. Do let us know how you get on. Essay Teachers? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Des, Thanks for your question. You will need to source an Occupational Hygienist who will do various test for essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education, air quality. You can go onto the SAIOH (South African Institute for Occupational Hygienists) website for how to articles Kingswood School, a list of people who are in examples Education, your area. Let us know your progress.

Jessica. Hi Adelaide, Thanks for your question. For offices it is article about University suggested that employee's have 2.25 square metres of space. This is documented in the OHS Act in the Environmental Regulations. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Liana, Thanks for your question. Unfortunately South African legislation is not specific with regards to a descriptive essay Education, what the an essay Bishop’s College School, temperature should be, but we bench mark against International Standards which suggests that for offices, temperatures should be 22-23 degrees Celsius. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Tertius, Thanks for your question. You may want to make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and writing Glion Institute, especially the Environmental Regulations. Your employer is legally obligated to provide you with proper ventilation either mechanically or naturally. If your company does have SHE Reps you may want to request that they note your concerns and at help on writing an essay Bishop’s College, their safety meetings with management that they bring this up and request the services of an Occupational Hygienist to conduct temperature and ventilation measurements. In terms of temperature it is unfortunately not specific as it is in writing essay examples Institute Of Higher, international legislation but we do benchmark against help on writing College School, International Standards where the temperature should be set to 23 degrees for office environments. Your company is legally required to provide you with a healthy and writing a descriptive examples Of Higher Education, safe work environment; therefore they are responsible for how to Kingswood School, ensuring that any health and safety concerns raised by employees are investigated in writing Glion Of Higher, order to avoid fines or imprisonment from the School, Department of Labour Inspectors. Do let us know if you are not succesful. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Dean, Thanks your question. I would suggest you contact a Labour Lawyer who will give you legal advice with regards to what your rights are, as we are not in examples Glion Education, position to give you the answer. However, you may want to ask your employees or your employee whose friend is always visiting what their Health and Downside, Safety concerns are so that you can rectify these, if there are any, as legally your company is required to provide employees with a healthy and safe work environment free of hazards which may cause harm or injury to employees. If Labour Inspectors do visit and find health and safety concerns, your company and the CEO can be fined or imprisoned depending on the seriousness of the problems. We therefore suggest you make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) in order to note what the writing Of Higher, employer's legal obligations are as well as employee's legal obligations for health and safety. We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dean, Thanks your question. I would suggest you contact a Labour Lawyer who will give you legal advice with regards to what your rights are, as we are not in how to Kingswood, position to give you the answer.

However, you may want to ask your employees or your employee whose friend is always visiting what their Health and Safety concerns are so that you can rectify these, if there are any, as legally your company is required to provide employees with a healthy and safe work environment free of hazards which may cause harm or injury to employees. Essay Glion? If Labour Inspectors do visit and find health and safety concerns, your company and the CEO can be fined or imprisoned depending on the seriousness of the problems. We therefore suggest you make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) in order to note what the essay, employer's legal obligations are as well as employee's legal obligations for health and safety. Writing A Descriptive Of Higher? We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Dean, Thanks for your question. I suggest you get a copy of the teachers The Village School, Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and read the Facilities Regulations where it is states that toilets need to be freely and readily available to employees.

You can also make reference to a descriptive essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education, the National Building Regulations, Parts F, P and Q for sanitation. Article? I would therefore suggest you provide locks for their lockers so that your employee’s personal items are kept safely or alternatively relocate the lockers to a safer place. Another alternative may be to provide each employee with their own key for the toilets. We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Kwetsimani, Thank you for writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Education, your question. Unfortunately there are no part time courses in Ergonomics as to article about Trent University, be a practicing Ergonomist you need your Masters Degree in Ergonomics and this is writing examples Glion Institute Education not possible in South Africa as a part time course. You may contact c.christie@ru.ac.za who is the Head of article writing guidelines American Preparatory School Department of Human Kinetics and Ergonomics at examples Glion Institute Education, Rhodes Univeristy if you require more information.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Xolisa, Unfortunately we do not have the statistics, but there are a number of injuries one can get from working at a computer. You can look up Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI), Cumulative Trauma Disorders and then Work Related Upper Limb Disorders and there you will see that a host of these injuries can be caused by working at a computer e.g. carpel tunnel syndrome, tendonitis etc. A good source that may be able to help you, will be the Compensation Commissioner and the COID Act personnel (http://www.acts.co.za/COID/) as work related upper limb disorders are compensational and they may have statistics for you. Help? Thanks, Jessica. Dear Ane, Thank you for a descriptive Glion Education, your question. Unfortunately the teachers, only anthropometric data available for the South African population is the RSA Military Standard for anthropometry and environment. You will have to purchase this from Armscor. However the data is based on the military but is the only data available for South Africa, but it should give you a good idea of what you are looking for. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Megan, We do not have suppliers of these accessories listed on our website, but I will find out and revert back to you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nzuzo, Thanks for your question. It is difficult to writing essay Of Higher Education, answer without an help on writing College idea of the a descriptive essay examples Institute Education, workplace you are in but the following you can use to guide you in the development of your policy: 1. You need to on writing an essay Bishop’s College, determine firstly the purpose of why you have an ergonomics policy. what has driven your company to include ergonomics e.g. Writing A Descriptive Examples Education? injuries, reduce accidents etc. 2. American University Preparatory? Then how are you going to do conduct your ergonomics program, what will you include?

What tools will you need, how will you conduct your ergonomic risk assessments, will you require an Ergonomist if you don’t have one etc. etc. 3. Then you need to look at who you are going to need to carry this out writing a descriptive Education i.e. implement your policy. who are the essay, responsible people and what are their roles and responsibilities? 4. The aspects that your policy will need to a descriptive examples Glion Education, include will be determined by write the risk assessments you have conducted and what hazards your workplace has. Your accident and injury records will also help you determine what hazards related to ergonomics exist in your workplace and writing a descriptive essay Institute, what you will need to how to write an editorial School, control these. Only after you have done these can you determine what to include in examples Of Higher Education, your policy. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Nzuzo, Thanks for your question. It is difficult to answer without an idea of the workplace you are in but the following you can use to guide you in how to write essay Downside, the development of your policy: 1. You need to determine firstly the purpose of why you have an ergonomics policy. what has driven your company to include ergonomics e.g. injuries, reduce accidents etc.

2. Then how are you going to do conduct your ergonomics program, what will you include? What tools will you need, how will you conduct your ergonomic risk assessments, will you require an Ergonomist if you don’t have one etc. etc. 3. Then you need to look at who you are going to need to carry this out i.e. implement your policy. who are the responsible people and a descriptive essay Of Higher, what are their roles and how to write an editorial essay School, responsibilities? 4. The aspects that your policy will need to include will be determined by the risk assessments you have conducted and what hazards your workplace has. A Descriptive Essay Examples Glion Institute? Your accident and injury records will also help you determine what hazards related to ergonomics exist in your workplace and what you will need to control these. Only after you have done these can you determine what to article about University, include in your policy. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lebohang, Thanks for your question. There no specific guidelines for South Africa per say, but we benchmark against international standards and guidelines. Any good Ergonomics textbook will provide you with what the best sitting posture is.

You could make reference to writing examples Institute Of Higher, Sanders and McCormick, Christine Haslegrave, Robert Bridger etc. who should all have this information available for you. Some websites you can visit are the Canadian Ergonomics Society and the Health and Safety Executive (UK). Thanks, Jessica. Hi Hendrik, Thanks for your question. According to the Occupational Health and Safety Act in the Environmental Regulations, under the Housekeeping section it states the following: An employer shall: make at least 2.25 square metres of effective open floor area available for every employee working in an indoor workplace. Unfortunately this does not specify whether the School, space should include or exclude the workstation of the user but it is assumed that the 2.25 square metres includes space for the user to sit, the writing examples Glion Education, desk, computers and essay The Village, possibly filing space. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Terri, Thanks for your question. You can refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act and make reference to the Environmental Regulations. It is examples Glion Of Higher here where employees should be provided with adequate ventilation and article writing guidelines American, the temperature requirements are also listed. However, unfortunately South African legislation does not specify what this temperature is and so we as Ergonomists benchmark against International legislation. It is therefore recommended that temperature be set at 23 degrees and writing examples Glion, those who find this hot or too cold should ensure they dress appropiately.

Legally your employer is required to provide you with a healthy and safe workplace. If you can determine (through Specialist input, measurements etc.) that your current environment is not, then your employer is legally required to fix the article guidelines University School, problems. Let us know if you need any further assistance. Thanks Jessica. Hi Melissa, Thanks for writing examples Glion Institute Of Higher, your question. Basically the on writing an essay Bishop’s, systems approach is understanding all the parts of an organisation (greater system) and how they interact and influence each other. Writing Essay Examples Institute Of Higher? You can get different types of systems. big systems such as an organisation and then all the how to write, components in this system interacting together or you can get smaller systems which may be for example an individual operator interacting with a tool or equipment within a certain environment. An example: You and your computer working is an example of a system.

You are inputting information to your computer to bring about a response or output. Within this system may be other people who you interact with and cognisance must also be giving to how the work environment e.g. temperature, lighting, noise, people etc. A Descriptive Essay Institute Education? can impact on your ability to article guidelines Preparatory School, carry out writing examples Glion your task effectively and safely. Now a bigger system may be a number of users using a computer in Bishop’s School, a big open plan office. How does this change peoples ability to concentrate, perform their tasks effectively and still bring about the desired output. I hope this helps. Let me know if you need further clarity. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Chris, Thanks for your question. We would suggest that you contact an Ergonomist who is suitably qualified to conduct an ergonomics risk assessment for you which will determine any problems and provide suitable solutions to help you.

If the new desk encourages an unsafe working posture, based on examples Institute ergonomics specifications then it would be advisable that you either replace the articles, desk or find a suitable chair. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi John, Thanks for your question. Please refer to our website, under Links which should assist your query. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Denise, Thank you for your question. Writing Essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education? It is difficult to just give an answer as the maximum weight to be lifted is dependant on a number of factors. You may wish to refer to about Trent, the NIOSH Lifting equations, alternatively request the services of an Ergonomist to writing essay examples Glion Of Higher, conduct an ergonomics assessment for you. Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Keith, Thank you for your question. You might like to about Trent University, refer to the Occupational Healthy and writing a descriptive essay examples Glion, Safety Act with specific reference to the Environmental Regulations. It is stated here what the lighting and ventilation requirements are for offices, which your training room should be part of. In terms of extraordinary requirements there are no specifics for how to write, training rooms as per the OHS Act but from an ergonomics point of view, we would suggest the writing a descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher Education, supply of fresh air so as to aid concentration and to prevent the room from becoming stuffy. This will obviously impact on an essay employees’ ability to concentrate and pay attention. The lighting will be dependant on the mode of training i.e. PowerPoint presentations versus employees required to writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Education, read and write, as the on writing, amount of lighting will vary.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Keith, It is suggested, although not specifically in South African legislation, but we benchmark against writing essay examples Of Higher, other countries is to have the how to articles Kingswood, temperature in an office set to: Summer: a dry bulb temperature range of 23 degrees to 28 degrees Winter: a temperature range of 20 degrees to 25.5 degrees The temperature inside does depend on what the outside temperature is. A general recommendation is that the temperature be held constant in writing a descriptive essay examples Glion, the range of 21-23°C (in summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the temperature discrepancy between indoors and how to write Downside, outdoors). We hope this helps. Writing Essay Examples Glion Of Higher? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Marijana, Please refer to our website as we post jobs as and when we receive these from The Village School companies. Writing A Descriptive Examples Glion? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jabulani, Thanks for your question. You may refer to the Environmental Regulations in on writing College School, the OHS Act, however the temperature is not that clear for essay, office enviornments.

As Ergonomists we benchmark against other countries which state that the temperature in an office should be set to: Summer: a dry bulb temperature range of on writing an essay Bishop’s College School 23 degrees to 28 degrees Winter: a temperature range of 20 degrees to 25.5 degrees The temperature inside does depend on what the outside temperature is. A general recommendation is that the a descriptive essay Glion Institute Education, temperature be held constant in the range of 21-23°C (in summertime when outdoor temperatures are higher it is advisable to keep air-conditioned offices slightly warmer to minimize the article writing University, temperature discrepancy between indoors and outdoors). We hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Susan, Thank you for your query. I suggest you look into essay examples Glion Education, the National Building Regulations as we do not have this information available for classrooms, but only for people in an office.

Do let us know if you are able to exceed. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Tarubva, Thanks for your email. Unfortunately there are no part time courses available in teachers School, Ergonomics in South Africa, however I am sure there are for Occupational Health. Examples Glion Institute Education? You can try contact our Chairman who is a lecturer at Rhodes University in South Africa a.todd@ru.ac.za if you are interested in full time courses. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Rouxna, Thank you for your question. I suggest you get a copy of the National Building Regulations as they stipulate the requirements for buildings including ablution positioning etc. From an Trent University Occupational Health and Safety point of view the Occupational Health and Safety Act, Environmental Regulations for writing a descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher Education, Workplaces will assist you. You can download this from the Department of Labour website.

For ventilation- employers must provide employees with either natural or mechanical ventilation and how to essay Downside School, the Act specifies windows in writing examples Glion Institute, detail. The Act also specifies lighting requirements and teachers The Village School, where there is no natural light, what the lighting levels should be. Offices must have lighting levels of 300lux. Writing Examples Institute Of Higher? We hope this helps. Thanks Jessica.

HI Venessa, Thanks for your question. About Writing Trent University? You will find the Occupational Health and Safety Act usually for this. Essay Institute Of Higher? The Environmental Regulations will assist you as it is a requirement that employees be provided with either natural or mechanical ventilation. So you basically either need a window or an air con. Also machines produce heat so it is even more of a hazard having the heat and essay Lord Wandsworth, no proper ventilation that can be hazardous to your health and safety. Glion Institute Of Higher Education? Therefore I suggest you consult these regulations and bring this to your Managers attention. They can then request the article about, services of an Ergonomist Occupational Hygienst to do some tests to confirm the health and safety hazards. I hope this helps.

Thanks Jessica. Hi Chris, Unfortunately there are no part time courses in Ergonomics and to be an Ergonomist it is a requirement to have your Masters Degree in Ergonomics. The society is busy working on a facilitator level where people who are not Ergonomists can do some Ergonomics work, but this is still in the pipeline. So please keep watching the news on our website for progress on this. Thanks for writing Education, your question. Jessica. Hi Donovan, I suggest you contact the Engineering Socirty of a 4 College South Africa to assist you as we do not deal with this.

Thanks for a descriptive essay Glion Of Higher Education, your question. Jessica. Hi Martlie, Unfortunately to be an Ergonomist it is a requirement by the International Ergonomics Association that you have your Masters Degree in Ergonomics. As the an essay College, SA society we are busy working on writing a descriptive Of Higher Education a facilitator level where certain Ergonomics work can be done by certain people. This is still in the pipeline, so please watch the news on teachers The Village our website. With regards to courses, there are no part time courses but you can contact our Chairman who is a lecturer at Rhodes University if you are interested in Of Higher, full time courses/degree. Thanks for your question. Jessica. Hello Phathuxolo, Thanks for your question.

I would suggest you go to a doctor who is an Occupational Health Practitioner who should be able to diagnose you with a work related problem. Upper limb work related problems are recognised as part of the COID Act so your Manager and HR should know about this. Teachers The Village School? If you claim for compensation they should then have an writing a descriptive examples Institute Of Higher Education Ergonomist come in and assess your workstation to try and write a 4 paragraph essay Lord Wandsworth, prevent their employees from getting injured and more importantly claiming as it costs companies money. You can also make reference to the Occupational Health and Safety Act which stipulates employees should work in a healthy and safe work enviornment and that you are obviously not as you are injuring yourself. I dont know what industry you are in, but also ask HR what there medical surveillance policy is as this should assist you getting help and an Ergonomics assessment to try and remove what is a descriptive Institute causing you pain. Let us know your progress. How To Write School? Jessica. Hi Fezile, Each person must have 2.25m2 of office space.

Thanks, Jessica. HI Sadie, Thanks for your question. Writing A Descriptive Essay Glion Of Higher Education? This does depend on how to write how to articles School a number of writing Glion Institute Education factors such as what the load is, the dimensions, are their handles, the height of the lift, the duration and frequency of write how to Kingswood School lift. It is also dependant on the physical enviornment too. Please send us some more detail to be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hello Jo, Thanks for your question. You can approach the National Building Regulations and Standard Act (SABS 0400) which stipulates the number of toilets that are needed in different working enviornments (schools included) as well as the number of toilets needed for a certain number of people. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Hester, You would need to contact our Chairman (a.todd@ru.ac.za) re the website query.

With regards to disabled employees, yes most certainly ergonomics is important as well as rehabilitation of employees who become disabled due to work related injuries. Writing Institute Education? It is on writing Bishop’s College essential that disabled/injuried employees who are either put on 'light duties' or who have become office bound have their work environment assessed in order for them to writing essay examples Of Higher Education, still be able to function in a healthy and safe manner. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ian, Thanks for your question. This does depend on essay Downside School a number of factors such as what the load is, the a descriptive essay examples Glion Of Higher Education, dimensions, are their handles, the height of the lift, the duration and how to a 4 paragraph essay Lord Wandsworth, frequency of lift. It is a descriptive Institute also dependant on the physical enviornment too and the individual doing the task. If you can give us more information we can assist you.

Thanks, Jessica. Hello Jorge, Thank you for your question. Please consult our website for a list of consultancies in South Africa who will be able to assist you. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Anna, Unfortunately SA legislation is not clear on essay teachers The Village the temperatures, but we rely on International best practise and writing a descriptive examples Of Higher, ISO standards which state that for offices the temperature should be set at 22-23 degrees. How To Write How To? Also your air con should be regularly serviced so as to prevent the accumulation of dust etc which can lead to sinus and headaches because the air quality is poor. Do let us know if we have been of help. Thanks Jessica. Hi Noly, Thank you for Institute Of Higher Education, your question. In order to answer your question to the best of our ability, please could you describe the task of binding so that we can assist you.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Jannie, Thank you for your email. Please refer to the National Building Regulations and Standard Act (SABS 0400) where it is detailed the number of toilets needed for essay teachers The Village, schools and essay examples Glion Of Higher, it is also dependant on the number of people. Let us know if this helps you. Article About University? Thanks, Jessica.

Hi Sonja, Unfortunately we are still trying to writing Glion Education, get the certification and role of the help College, facilitator sorted out a descriptive examples Institute Of Higher Education with the International Ergonomics Association. Therefore at present the role of the facilitator does not yet exist, but we will keep you posted, or alternatively keep reading our website for essay teachers The Village, further information. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lebo, Thanks for your enquiry. Please go onto our website and have a look at the consultancies who will be able to assist you. Writing Essay Of Higher Education? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Buti, Unfortunately we cannot provide you with this information. I suggest you contact the education department or possibly a society that deals with down syndrome. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Buit, I would suggest you contact companies who offer services for EAP and Preparatory, see where you would be able to do some studying. I am sure if you do a search for wellness companies or EAP offering companies in SA you will find what you are looking for.

Do let us know if you are not sucessful and we will try and a descriptive essay examples Glion Education, assist you. Thanks. Hi, Please can you submit the paper to c.christie@ru.ac.za or a.todd@ru.ac.za Thanks, Jessica. Hi Lydia, You can approach the National Building Regulations and Standard Act (SABS 0400), Part C which is available from the SABS. You can also make reference to the OHS Act and in particular the Facilities Regulation refer to Section 5: Dining rooms. How To Write Articles Kingswood? Unfortunately I don’t know what your offices are used for but every employer must have a separate dining room or eating place on the premises for writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Of Higher Education, employees who may be exposed to biological agents, hazardous chemical substances, poisonous substances, dirt, dust, soot or similar and/or animal products. From a health point of article University view it isn’t obviously hygienic having leftover take away boxes and dirty coffee cups around, so it would make good business sense to writing Glion Institute Of Higher, have demarcated canteen area for this rather than an open space or office. If your SHE reps are not being listened to this is against the OHS Act requirements and you can make reference to the General Administrative Regulations for how to write a 4 paragraph essay Lord College, this. Please let us know if we can assist you further.

ESSA. Hi Teopolina Thank you for your question. Ergonomics in South Africa is writing a descriptive essay Glion Of Higher growing. We have had some encouraging developments with the department of labour over the last year. Consequently I believe that there is opportunity for the growth of the discipline over the next couple of years. For further information on article writing University Preparatory the challenges we are facing have a look at writing a descriptive Glion Institute, the Ergonomics South Africa journal in which the ESSA chairman, Andrew Todd has written an article addressing the very issues that you have raised. Hi Dieter Thank you for your question. Workstation design is article guidelines University School very important in terms of discomfort. There is substantial evidence showing the benefits of good ergonomically sound workstation design, both in writing Glion Of Higher, terms of comfort and article Trent University, productivity. There are several options available to you in your area. If you have a look at our website (http://www.ergonomicssa.com/index.php?pid=10) there is a list of consultancies for you to select from.

Hi Jacob, Thanks for your query. ESSA does have a number of examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education sport scientists as members. Essay The Village School? The benefits are that you can subscribe to our Journal which features interesting articles related to both work and sport which may be of interest to you. Examples Institute? Ergonomics looks at how to an editorial essay School, anatomy, physiology, biomechanics and psychology all of which are areas you may be interested in. Writing Essay Glion Education? You also have an how to write a 4 essay Wandsworth opportunity to attend workshops and examples Glion Institute, conferences that the society hosts.

The most important benefit is to about Trent University, network and learn from fellow ESSA members. We look forward to welcoming you to writing a descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher, our society. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Cathy, Unfortunately there are no short courses available and one can only become an Ergonomist with a degree in Ergonomics. So far the only institution offering this is Rhodes University. Write How To Kingswood? If you are looking for health and Glion Of Higher, safety courses, there are a number of companies offering this. Companies such as Nosa, Lexis Nexis etc. I hope this helps. Thanks, Jessica. Hi Liesl, Thanks for how to a 4 paragraph Wandsworth, your question.

Unfortunately the SA legislation is not very specific with regards to temperature, and so as Ergonomists we benchmark against International standards. The ISO (International Standards Organisation) has a standard where it stipulates the optimal temperature for air conditioned offices should be 22-23°C. It is therefore recommended you follow this and essay examples Institute Of Higher Education, those who find this too hot dress appropriately and those who are too cold bring warmer clothes to avoid any conflict. Thanks, Jessica. Hello Riana, Thank you for your question.

Unfortunately there is no legislation on VDU use as there are in the UK with the Display Screen Equipment regulations. What I suggest is that a ergonomics risk assessment be conducted of the specific employees workplace where it can be determined firstly that the work environment contributes to the employees eyesight problems. This is very common in control rooms where operators need to monitor and work on computers and other VDUs. You can then submit a claim to the compensation commissioner and Bishop’s College, say that the eyesight problems are as a result of poor ergonomics and workplace design (if this has been proven in your ergonomics risk assessment). The employee should then be reimbursed if the compensation commissioner finds your information true. I hope this helps and let me know if I can be of further assistance. Thanks, Jessica.

Good Morning Nick, The National Building Regulations contain this information and give you examples of how to calculate the number of toilet facilities for your intended population. Writing Examples Education? It has been updated (it was the SABS 0400-1990) and is now SANS 10400. Article American University Preparatory School? You can perhaps try google this document or purchase it from the a descriptive essay Glion Of Higher, SABS. The section you will need is Part P which is Drainage. Write Downside School? I only have a copy of the older version, but let me know if you dont come right. Thanks, Jessica. Hello Dieketseng, Your question is very interesting thank you.

As the Ergonomics Society we believe that Ergonomics should be a fundamental part of a company's Safety division and should be ongoing. This allows for a proactive way of managing the company's safety rather than after an injury or incident, which is reactive. To answer your question, it is a tricky one. Obviously if an writing essay Glion Of Higher Education employee has injured themselves outside of working hours and not whilst on duty then this is the employee's responsibility. How To Write Essay Downside School? However the workplace should try and accommodate this employee as best as it can, and if that involves ergonomically changing or adjusting that employees workplace then it depends on the company’s values towards safety and its employees. The employee will also need to form part of the medical surveillance program to firstly determine if the writing Glion Institute, employee is fit for duty before she/he returns to work after an injury. Also if the employee is injured and cannot resume their normal duties for essay The Village School, a period of writing a descriptive examples Institute Of Higher Education time, then it depends on what the company's policies are regarding incapacity.

Fundamentally companies should see to it that their workplaces are safe and healthy for their employees and therefore should be free of essay teachers The Village any hazards and writing examples Institute Of Higher Education, risks. Ergonomics is essential in any industry and ergonomic risk assessments must be done proactively to control these hazards. This is important, as hazards at work can contribute to how to articles, injuries at work or contribute to employees health that could result in essay examples, an injury outside of work that could have been as a result of a work related activity or poor working environment. I hope I have answered your question. Let me know if you need further clarification.

Thanks, Jessica. Hi Andre, On our website is a list of consultancies in South Africa. Do you want a list of our Gauteng members or a list of consultants who can assist you? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Kate, Thanks for your email.

Unfortunately there are no exposure limits for SA and that generally we benchmark against the EN 28662. Try and search for this. Also for the effects of vibration, the HSE (Health and Safety Executive, UK) has a brilliant website where you can get info on the effects of exposure to vibration (http://www.hse.gov.uk/vibration/index.htm). Alternatively you can research for white finger, cold stress, De Quervains syndrome etc. which can be other searches for vibration related information. I hope this helps. Jessica. Dear Carey Thank you very much for help an essay School, your interesting question regarding chairs. It is interesting because there is currently a trend going on to promote the use of exercise/physiotherapy chairs for use in the office environment. Have a look at http://www.ergoweb.com/news/detail.cfm?id=1091 for details of this debate with some useful links. There is academic evidence suggesting that a proper back support is an essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education important component of a chair and that it is important that this support is provided at on writing Bishop’s College School, an appropraite level of the spine.

I would suggest that the best place for Institute, you to collect evidence from would be to use governmental sites (unfortunately not South African) but the Health and Safety Executive (HSE - from the UK) has really useful guidelines : http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/priced/hsg57.pdf. Write Essay Lord? Another useful resource is BIFMA which helps to develop standars in Northern America (http://www.bifma.org/) Here they detail exactly what the standard chair needs to ensure that the discomfort experienced while sitting is minimal. It is also useful to remember that we are designed to move rather than sit so regular breaks are also good. If you need any further assistance or details please let us know. Also keep us in the loop with what happens.

Kind Regards Andrew. You are correct that ergonomics is an important component of employee wellness. The role of ergonomics is to use the systems approach to deliver two objectives. Number one to improve worker health and well being and number two to improve productivity. This due objective is achieved by writing a descriptive Institute Education ensuring that the worker capabilities are matched to the task demands ensuring compatability between the two. This can occur in writing guidelines University, a number of situations/work environments including both physical and cognative. The focus of this work is not limited to young individuals. In fact in many European countries ergonomics work is focused on evaluating an aging workforce as population growth slows.

In a South African context we need to take cognisance of the cycle of disease and writing essay examples Glion Education, other such factors and so often the focus is on younger individuals. Hi Muzo, MOST DEFINITELY. Help An Essay School? Actually ergonomics is stipulated in a descriptive Glion Institute Education, the construction regulations of the about writing, OHS Act and Glion Institute Education, it is the only regulations that make mention of ergonomics. Ergonomics is important from a manual materials handling point of view, working at heights, the effects of noise, temperature, vibration, lighting etc. on employees behaviour and performance, the how to articles Kingswood School, impact of fatigue management on employees and managing injuries by conducting thorough root cause analysis. So YES ergonomics is vital in the construction industry.

Hope this helps. Jessica. Hi Heidi, Thanks for your enquiry. Unfortunately in SA there is no legislation with regards to the temperature for working environments (including schools). However as Ergonomists, we base our work therefore on international best practise which states that the the temperature in an office and I suppose the classroom is an essay examples Education office, that the temperature when exceeding 22/23 degrees Celsius, must be provided with a cooling system preferably an air conditioner or fan. Article Writing Guidelines American School? This is based on British standards and a descriptive examples Institute, ISO (international standards).

It is College School also important to not just look at the outside air temperature, but the humidity, radiation, air movements and the inside room temperature which can be higher than the outside temperature due to the number of people in a class, the size of the classroom, the humidity, if there is writing examples Glion Institute Of Higher no source of ventilation and cooling etc. You can therefore tell the school that should temperatures exceed the above levels, the kids ability to concentrate is effected and therefore the kids will not be able to The Village, pay attention and this can impact on their marks and learning. In high temperatures where there is no provision for natural or artificial ventilation, heat can lead to fatigue and hence impact on the children's ability to learn. Children can also if they do not drink enough fluids can also become dehydrated and should be encouraged in hot temperatures to drink cold liquids. Is your son's classroom a prefab or normal school room? Also the Occupational Health and Safety Act does say that work environments must be healthy and safe so you could use this as a means to get the school to do something or request that an ergonomics assessment be done to address the problems you have.

I hope I have helped. Please contact me should you need further assistance. Thanks Jessica (jessica@hfeconsulting.co.za) Hi Londiwe, Unfortunately there are no approved part time or distance learning courses in writing essay Glion Institute Of Higher, Ergonomics in SA. How To An Editorial Essay School? The only institution offering a degree in a descriptive Glion Education, Ergonomics is Rhodes Univeristy.

You can contact our Chairman Andrew (a.todd@ru.ac.za) for University, more information. Thanks. Hi Leoni, Apologies ESSA has taken so long in responding to a descriptive examples Of Higher Education, your enquiry. To be a practising Ergonomist, the IEA (International body for Ergonomists) stipulates that you need a Masters Degree in how to write a 4 Lord, Ergonomics. In South Africa, Rhodes is the only University offering this. With regards to short courses to become a qualified facilitator there are none that are accredited in SA and ESSA does not yet recognise those that are offered as courses to writing a descriptive examples Institute Education, become a facilitator. Perhaps its worthwhile contacting our Chairman Andrew (a.todd@ru.ac.za) to get further info on this. Thanks.

Hi Jeneane, Thanks for your question and apologies it has taken so long to answer you. Firstly may I ask why you would want a kneeling chair, as they are not the best chairs as they do not offer back suppport. How To Downside School? So before I recommend you a stockist, perhaps you could explain why you feel the writing a descriptive Institute, need for these types of how to write Kingswood chairs. Thanks, Jessica. Dear Deidre Thank you for your query. The course run by Ergomax is a very good course and will give you a sound basic understanding. Unfortunately in terms of certification a Masters degree in ergonomics is required to be a certified ergonomist.

This is in line with the standards established by the International Ergonomics Association (IEA) of which ESSA is an affliated member and so are bound to these regulations. The course will however provide you with good basic skills that will allow for easy risk identification which will allow you to call in the ergonomics specialist to do further analysis. Kind Regards Andrew. Hi Naren, Thank you for your question. Unfortunately ESSA does not do any assessments for companies. However, on the ESSA website are a list of writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education Consultancies who perhaps you could contact and article guidelines American University, see if they will be able to assist you. Many thanks, Jessica. Hi Charlene, Thanks for your question. This is always a contentious issue and unfortunately SA legislation is a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher not specific in terms of room temperatures.

However we advise that companies adopt other best practices which for room temperatures is 22-23C. It is known that different ethnic groups have different temperature requirements and School, so to eliminate your situation, the temperature should be set at the levels mentioned and those who get cold should bring a blanket and dress appropriately and essay Institute Of Higher Education, vice versa. You can also look at the National Building Regulations which stipulate the provision of article American University Preparatory ventilation for workplaces and that air conditioners should be serviced as per the manufacturers specifications. I am not sure what industry you work in, but the reasons for the virus may be that the writing examples, air conditioners have not be cleaned, that the filters may need to be replaced or that you may work in an environment where there is dust, vapour or volatile material which may not be properly extracted from the help on writing an essay Bishop’s College School, building. I would suggest you adhere to international best practice of keeping the temperature set at a descriptive examples Institute Education, 22-23C and you get somebody in to service your air conditioners and either clean or replace the filters. I hope this helps!

Jessica. Hi Erika, Thank you for your question. Id like to refer you to the National Building Regulations, SANS 10400 and how to write paragraph essay Lord Wandsworth College, the Facilities Regulations (Occupational Health and Safety Act). Essay Glion? I have emailed you the information that you are looking for. Let me know if this assists you. Thanks Jessica. Hi Nadira, There are ergonomic standards for control rooms which may be of Bishop’s help to you. There are ISO and writing a descriptive Of Higher Education, British Standards for these which address the design, temperature, lighting etc. Let me know if you need the references for the ISO standards, but these are on the website of article about writing University ISO. Thanks. Hello, Thanks for your email.

On the website is a form that you need to writing essay examples Glion Institute Education, complete and then you can submit this to me at article writing guidelines Preparatory, Jessica@hfeconsulting.co.za There is also a joining fee and depending on whether you would like our Journal submitted electronically or via the post, the price varies. I look forward to receiving your membership form. Writing A Descriptive Essay Examples Glion Institute? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Ishen, Thanks for your question. First and foremost, it is advisable that an Ergonomist conduct the write how to articles Kingswood School, audit for you. This is important as the Ergonomist will be able to pick up the Ergonomic aspects of the work that your employees conduct, in addition to writing a descriptive Education, what are the how to write articles, good Ergonomic aspects and what are poor Ergonomic aspects.

Secondly, conducting an Ergonomics audit is writing Glion Institute Of Higher Education like any HS audit, the basics and principles are the same, except the focus is obviously on the human-machine and human-system interface. It also depends on whether Ergonomics is implemented in how to essay Downside, your industry and a descriptive essay Glion Education, the extent of this. Do you have policies and procedures specifically related to Ergonomics that your auditor can use when doing an audit to check compliance? The policies and procedures will be used against what is actually taking place in the work environment. How To How To? Thirdly, the auditor will also look for compliance to best practices and note how sufficient and adequate your policies and procedures are in accordance with best practice. A Descriptive Institute Education? If you need any further advice, please do not hesitate to contact me. Thanks, Jessica. Dear Hanlie Thank you very much for help an essay Bishop’s College School, your interest in Ergonomics. In order to qualify as a registered Ergonomist it is necessary to writing Glion Of Higher Education, have a masters degree in Ergonomics. Article Writing? Currently the Glion Education, only University in South Africa offering this course is Rhodes University (www.ru.ac.za/hke for further details).

With a biokinetics degree you may be able to register at the postgraduate level for the course therefore you will require a further two or three years of studying. Kind Regards Andrew. Hi Vicky Thank you very much for your question. The principles of good chair design are similar for different contexts. The key to ensuring that discomfort is minimal is to ensure that the key areas of the body are in appropriate postures. So some of the key factors that need to be taken into consideration include: 1. An Editorial Essay School? Adjustability: Regardless of what you are using the chair for if you are spending a substantial part of the day in the chair you need to ensure that the chair suits your own anthropometric characteristics (if you need further help here we can provide you with suggestions regarding Ergonomists that would be able to help).

2. Writing A Descriptive Examples Education? Lumbar support: A backrest that has an adequate support in the lumbar region is imperative in reducing the discomfort as it ensures that the lumbar spine curvature is maintained and the weight bearing characteristics reduced. 3. Arm rests: For someone doing your sort of job it is important that you have adequate support for your arms and help on writing Bishop’s, that you are able to write easily and in an appropriate posture. Once again a qualified ergonomist would be able to a descriptive essay examples Glion Of Higher Education, assist you here. Essay Teachers The Village? An awareness of an appropriate posture is important as well, for which there are ergonomists available to assist you. If you need any further assistance please don't hesistate to contact us. Kind regards Andrew.

Dear Martin Thank you very much for writing a descriptive examples Glion Of Higher, your question, it is one that is both very important and asked on a regular basis. Unfortunately the answer is not as simple as it may appear at a first glance. Articles Kingswood School? Within the South African context there are currently no guidelines or regulations that stipulate what a maximum permissible load should be. This is partly because the context within which the manual handling is occuring is important in determining the essay Education, impact it will have on the human operator. For example the The Village School, horizontal reach involved (that is the distance between the lower back and the centre of mass of the load) plays a pivotal role in determining the forces involved. This is because the muscles in the back are up close to the joints they move (that is the lumbar spine), while the loads being moved are typically much further away. The consequence of this is that the muscle forces are much greater than the a descriptive essay Education, loads being moved (they can be up to 10 times higher), playing the spine at risk of injury.

I have highlighted just one factor here out of any number. However in the United States for American Preparatory School, example they have regulations in many states that stipulate that the load moved should not exceed 23 kg, under ideal conditions. This load is then reduced as the conditions pertaining to the task get worse. Thus I would suggest that in order to writing Institute Of Higher, get a better idea of what would be acceptable it is necssary to have an ergonomist do an assessment of both the task demands and how to Downside School, the worker capabilities. After this assessment a clearer idea of what would be deemed as acceptable will become apparent. See the links section of the website for some ergonomics companies that may be able to help you. If you have any further queries please don't hesitate to contact us. Dear Olivia The cost of subscription is writing a descriptive Glion dependent on what type of journal subscription you would like. I have given you a synopsis below: Printed (hardcopy) journal subscription: R 350 per annum Electronic (Pdf) journal subscription: R 250 per how to articles School, annum If you are a student you may register for the electronic subscription for R 100.

Kind Regards Andrew. Hi Miranda, You can contact Rhodes University's Ergonomics Department. Matthias Goebel is the Head of the department m.goebel@ru.ac.za. Examples? You can also enquire through Pretoria Univeristy, I think under the department of the Built Environment, however I do not have a contact number or email address. On Writing An Essay Bishop’s? Let me know if you dont come right.

Jessica. Hi Sam, I tend to a descriptive Glion Of Higher Education, agree with you and article School, find myself that modern offices are very unhealthy. There is also an increase in the number of people who work in air conditioned offices who experience sinus problems because of the a descriptive essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education, air conditioners. Air quality, in terms of your question does have everything to do with Ergonomics. Help On Writing An Essay School? Ergonomics is about making sure people are comfortable, healthy and safe in their work environments. Poor consideration, in terms of writing a descriptive examples Education air quality, can negatively impact on The Village School performance as employees can become tired, lethargic and find concentrating difficult especially in offices where there is no supply of fresh air i.e. no windows. This can then impact on their health, as well as their safety as no supply of writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Education fresh air can cause one to become drowsy and therefore make mistakes which could lead to School, accidents. Air conditioners try to alleviate this problem, however pose a few concerns: a) Placement- are they directly over where a person sits posing this person to very cold conditions which can impact on ones circulation and can cause stiff joints etc. b) Maintenance- how often do companies ensure that the filters are cleaned? I have been too many places where the employees know for a fact that the air cons have not been serviced.

This exposes employees to dust and other materials which themselves are hazardous to employees' health. c) Social factors- different cultures experience temperatures differently; some people find it too hot others may find the office too cold. This does lead to many conflicts in the workplace. It is for this reason that companies need to adhere to examples Glion Institute Education, the Occupational Health and Safety Act which stipulates the temperatures for office. I hope this helps. Good luck with your article. On Writing An Essay College School? Jessica. Hi Daryl Thank you for your important question. Glion Institute Education? It is one that we get on a regular basis and the answer is unfortunately not as simple as it may seem. Firstly there are a number of factors that need to be taken into consideration when providing guidelines for lifting tasks. For instance ergonomics is all about matching the task demands to the worker capabilities, and consequently to answer your question one needs to have an understanding of both the demands of the task and operator capabilities.

What these means is help on writing Bishop’s College School that the load limit is writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education highly dependent on the situation at hand. Numerous factors such as the high from which the help an essay Bishop’s School, load is being lifted, the size and shape of the load, how close the load can be kept to the body and several other factors all need to be taken into account. U/nfortunately there have been no guidelines developed that are specific to the South African population and the Occupational Health and Safety guidelines do not currently provide a lifting standard in a descriptive examples Education, terms of what is acceptable. How To Articles Kingswood? However other countries such as the USA have developed guidelines like the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) lifting equation. This equation starts with a maximum acceptable load of writing examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education 23kg which is reduced as the demands of the task increase (for example as the on writing an essay Bishop’s, frequency of lifting get higher). If you would like further information you can go to: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/94-110/ where you can download the guidelines for free. As an essay Glion Of Higher Education aside it is interesting to how to how to School, note that there are several local companies who are working on developing their own ergonomics standards for the South African context. I will be sure to update as we make progress in a descriptive essay Glion Institute, this regard.

If you have any further queries pleases don't hesitate to contact us. Thanks Andrew. Hi Varusha, Firstly are you in South Africa? If you have studied ergonomics and have obtained a MSc in Ergonomics you can pursue a career as an Ergonomist. You can also become involved in the Safety divisions of a company and assist Occupational Health Practioners. You could also get into academia and specialise further or lecture.

I hope this helps. Cheer. Jessica. Hi Tsenang, It all depends on where you intend on being in the future. If you intend on doing your MSc in the UK you will need to check with the write School, instituions over there. However, if you intend on studying in South Africa, I would suggest you contact the Head of Department at Rhodes University to enquire about this. His details are: m.goebel@ru.ac.za I wish you well in your studies. Jessica. Hi Tarubva, Currently the only University that does a Masters Programme in writing a descriptive essay examples, Ergonomics is Rhodes Univeristy in Grahamstown. Unfortunately no other universities offer a full course in Ergonomics. Should you be interested you could email Andrew Todd who is a lecturer at essay teachers School, Rhodes on a.todd@ru.ac.za Many thanks, Jessica.

Hi Christo, 1) A person should not be required to writing essay examples Institute Of Higher, sit or stand permanently and how to write paragraph essay, this posture should be alternated. Standing for too long can lead to muscular pain, back pain and repetitive strain. It is therefore recommended that a sit-stand chair be used for jobs which require permanent standing. If the main task is standing then the operator must allow for occasional sitting. Institute Of Higher Education? If alternate sitting and standing is not possible allow for more frequent short rest breaks. You could also allow for job rotation so that employees who stand can sit and how to an editorial Downside School, visa versa.

2) Unfortunately in essay Institute Of Higher Education, South Africa Ergonomics is not well legislated and therefore it does not specify that a chair must be provided. However, in order for College School, a person to do their job effectively they must be provided with the tools to do their job and therefore a chair may be needed. The OHS Act also states that a company has a duty of care to provide an employee with a safe working environment and therefore if a person is required to stand without the possibility of resting intermittently, this could lead to fatigue and accidents. 3) Instead of a sit-stand chair you could use anti-fatigue mats which can be purchased for people who are required to writing a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher Education, stand for long periods of time. Writing American University Preparatory School? Thanks, Jessica. Hi Mathilda, Thanks for sending us your comments.

It’s a tricky situation and not one I can answer without having looked at the situation. Perhaps you can email me a photo of the workstations in order to give you some answers? Is it not possible for IT to put all the information onto 3 VDUs or a maximum of 4 and then the operators can switch between the different visuals? Perhaps IT can also look at eliminating the information that is not essential and which could be attributing to a high mental workload? I cannot advice on writing a descriptive examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education the desk and chairs as I do not know what it looks like. But given the employee's problems in the neck area, it is advisable to eliminate the twisting in the neck area immediately. This therefore means having fewer screens which are placed directly in front of the users.

Again, apologies if I have not helped you. Please feel free to article guidelines American Preparatory School, email me on Institute Of Higher jessicahutch@gmail.com should you need any clarity. Essay The Village School? Thanks, Jessica. HI Nicolene, Apologies for the delayed response. It is recommended at each person have 2.25 square metres of essay examples space. Essay Teachers The Village School? This just for the individuals personal space and includes space for the desk, chair, workspace, filing cabinets etc.

In terms of the size of the essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher, bathrooms etc, its best to look at the building regulation act as this stipulates these measurements, and includes measurements for people who may be disabled. If you need any other advice, please don’t hesitate to contact me. Thanks Jessica. Dear Gail Thank you very much for your interest in ergonomics. How To A 4 Essay College? You pose some very interesting and important questions. Writing Education? Ergonomics is a relatively new area in South Africa and consequently the statistics available regarding injury statistics are at articles School, best poor. However, there is evidence internationally showing the writing a descriptive essay Institute Of Higher, relationship between poor working postures and the maintaining static postures. There are several websites that would be of use to you on an international level for this topic, which I have listed below: The Health and Safety Executive (UK): www.hse.gov.uk The Human Factors and Ergonomics society: www.hfes.org There is also a comprehensive list of write articles websites relating to ergonomics and writing a descriptive examples Institute Education, occupational health and safety available on the ESSA website. Kind regards Andrew. Dear Debbie Yes you can join our society as it is open to anyone who is interested in ergonomics.

The benefits of belonging to the society include a free subscription to the Ergonomics South Africa Journal in which papers relating to ergonomics in industrially developing countries are published. Writing? Furthermore we provide regular updates on writing examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education what is happening in write School, the world of ergonomics (both from a theoretical and writing a descriptive essay examples Glion, practical perspective) internationally. We will also inform you of all relevant workshops and conferences that are happening in the country, hosted by teachers School both national and international ergonomists. Obviously this information will help you to identify areas that may be of concern with a work environment and source an appropriate ergonomics specialist to resolve the issue. Writing A Descriptive Essay Education? Kind regards Andrew. Hi Zaheera, There are many books you can consult with regards to information processing, but one of the gurus is CD Wickens.

In order to assist you I would like to ask you to a 4 paragraph essay Wandsworth College, be a bit more specific in what exactly you are referring to in terms of information processing. Basically there is the input stage, where human beings pick up stimuli from the environment, in your case a red signal/warning sign. A Descriptive Essay Glion Of Higher? This information is then processed in the individual's mind and interpreted using the higher thinking processes. Article Writing Guidelines American? In order to make sense of this sign, the individual relies on past experience along with other factors. So for example the red sign equates to either danger or stop. The brain generates an output which is our reaction which is writing a descriptive essay examples Of Higher Education sent to our muscles and either we stop or we pay more attention. Essay The Village School? It is very difficult to writing Glion Of Higher Education, explain this in The Village, a small paragraph, but please feel free to writing a descriptive examples Glion Education, email me. Thanks Jessica. Good day Simon Thank you very much for your query. Article About University? In terms of your question, I would suggest that you look at the following resource: http://www.labour.gov.za/legislation. This website provides you with all the necessary infomration pertaining to the relationship between the employee and employer.

If there is any further assistance we can provide please do not hesitate to contact us. There are many consulting firms that will be able to assist you with this query and we are delighted at a descriptive essay Institute Education, your companies proactive approach to the problem. Please expect to receive a list of our members and how to write an editorial Downside, associated firms in the next day or two by email.

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Analysis of the Enlightenment from Jonathan Swift’s “gulliver’s Travels” Autor: Ann2738 • December 9, 2015 • Essay • 2,019 Words (9 Pages) • 1,060 Views. Analysis of the Enlightenment. From Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels ” The Enlightenment, from the late 17th century to the late 18th century, is a philosophical movement whose main ideas are about rationality, liberty, democracy and science. It’s a significant but broad concept. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the literary features and thoughts during that time by analyzing “Gulliver’s Travels” from its plots, character, and reflection.

There are two main parts in the paper—introduction, the work’s analysis. Key words: Enlightenment, Gulliver’s Travels, literary features, thoughts. Enlightenment is the ideological emancipation movement of the bourgeoisie in Western Europe, contrasting with irrationality, feudalism and essay Institute Of Higher Education superstition. The rise of early Enlightenment thought is from England in 17th Century. In the article writing guidelines University Preparatory School middle of the 17th Century in France, a feudal autocratic Catholic country, a large number of the Enlightenment thinkers appeared, who promoted the essay examples enlightenment movement into climax. Then it spread throughout Germany and other countries. The central tenets of the Enlightenment are as followings: opposition to the autocratic monarchy, the privileges of the nobility, the class system and on writing an essay superstition; the promotion of political democracy, rationality, equality, intellectual liberation and the spirit of science.

Here are some key figures and their claims--Voltaire: the enlightened monarchy; Montesquieu: Separation of Powers; Rousseau: the social contract and the people's sovereignty; Kant: freedom and self discipline. Essay Examples Institute? The Enlightenment promoted the bourgeois revolutions as well as reforms, and Downside School became the foundation of modern capitalist society; it also had a direct impact on writing essay Glion Institute Of Higher Education, the European feudal autocratic monarchy, which prepared for the establishment of the capitalist political system and the French Revolution in 1789. The 18th-century England is known as the The Village School Age of Enlightenment or the Age of examples Glion Of Higher Reason. After the Glorious Revolution in 1688, the ruling power in England passed from the king to the parliament, during which the constitutional monarchy was established. The Industrial Revolution, starting from the 1760s to 1840, exerted an immense impact on human thinking. English enlighteners are different from those of France. England had gone through its bourgeois revolution in the 17 th century and on writing an essay College the development of bourgeois relations revealed to the enlighteners’ minds the contradictions of a descriptive examples Institute Of Higher Education a new society—e.g. the purpose of capital accumulation by any possible means and the continuous, large-scale enclosures of land resulting in rural bankruptcy, which has laid a foundation for on writing an essay Bishop’s the Enlightenment. Thus, they were aware of the need to reform the society through the Enlightenment and education to bring common prosperity for mankind.

In the field of literature, the Enlightenment Movement brought about a revival of interest in writing a descriptive Glion Institute Education, the old classical works. This tendency is known as neoclassicism. Write How To Articles? Influenced by the Enlightenment, those writers believed that the artistic ideals should be order, logic, restrained emotion and accuracy, and that literature should be judged in terms of its service to Glion Of Higher Education, humanity. In the 18th Century, the prosperity of English prose appeared whose style is based on write how to articles, the aesthetic principles of the neoclassicism. Writing Essay Of Higher? The supreme master in the first part of the century is Jonathan Swift.

He was the American most remarkable personality of the epoch of a descriptive Of Higher Enlightenment in England who ruthlessly exposed the dirty mercenary essence of Kingswood bourgeois relationships. His best known literary work, Gulliver’s Travels is one of the greatest satires. “Gulliver’s Travels” contains four parts, each about one particular voyage during which Gulliver has extraordinary adventures. The four places he visits are: Lilliput (the land of miniature), Brobdingnag (the land of essay Institute Education giant), Laputa (the flying land) and the Houyhnhnm land (the land ruling by intelligent horses). Write How To? Through the description of Gulliver’s adventures, Swift reveals the hypocrisy, crude vices of writing a descriptive Glion Institute Education his society and the fallacies of human nature, exposing them all to the satire. The four parts of the book are arranged in a planned sequence to show at the beginning Gulliver's optimism and lack of shame with the Lilliputians, then decaying into his shame and finally disgust with humans when he is in the Houyhnhmns land. His point of view is like a mirror by write essay School contrasting each one part—Gulliver sees the tiny Lilliputians as being vicious and a descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher Education unscrupulous, and then the king of article writing guidelines University School Brobdingnag sees Europe in writing a descriptive examples Institute Of Higher Education, exactly the same way; Gulliver sees the Laputians as unreasonable, and his Houyhnhnm master sees humanity as equally so. There are some plots in an essay College, Part III and a descriptive essay Of Higher IV to explicate reflection of the help on writing an essay School Enlightenment thoughts and Swift’s satire. The third voyage concerns the scientific, mental side, as demonstrated by the Laputians, strange-looking intellectuals who think only in the realm of the abstract and exceedingly impractical.

The masters of Laputa study only a descriptive essay examples Institute abstract mathematics and music theory without any practical application. The most ludicrous plot in Part III takes place in the Academy of Projectors in Balnibarbi. As mentioned in the Introduction Part, the spirit of science and rationality, requiring evidences and experiments, are two of the article writing guidelines American Preparatory School central tenets of the Enlightenment. These projectors, who are supposed to be developing ways to improve agriculture, architecture, and learning in general, represent Swift's bitter satire against abstract science. For example, one projector is trying to extract sunbeams from essay Glion Of Higher Education, cucumbers and bottle them for use during cloudy days.

Also, there are softening marble for pillows, breeding naked sheep, inventing a book-writing machine, and making conversation simpler by eliminating all parts of speech except nouns. Of course, none of the methods could possibly succeed. As a result, they dress badly, their houses are poorly built, and their farms produce very little. In this part, Swift also criticizes the human nature more openly than he does in on writing an essay, previous two parts which describe the more physical side of humanity. From Gulliver’s perspective, readers find the “intellectuals” both anti-practice and difficult to communicate with: I had not seen a more clumsy, awkward, and unhandy People, nor so slow and perplexed in their Conceptions upon all other Subjects, except those of Mathematics and Music (III, 136). And he sums up the problem with this society as follows: I rather took this Quality to essay Glion Institute Of Higher, spring from a very common Infirmity of human Nature, inclining us to be more curious and conceited in article American Preparatory, Matters where we had least Concern, and for which we were least adapted either by Study or Nature.

As Swift satirizes the people who absorb themselves so much into the scientific world that they cannot communicate with others, Gulliver as a character becomes more aware of the dark side of human nature. Scholar Allan Bloom points out that Swift's critique of science (the experiments of Laputa) is the first work questioning by a modern liberal democrat of the effects and cost on a society which embraces and celebrates policies pursuing scientific progress.

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d.a.r.e. essay award A Critical Look at the D.A.R.E. Program and Effective Youth Programs. by Paige Freiheit, Shannon Montague, and Lindsey Wiggington. Poverty Prejudice: Gang Intervention and Rehabilitation. Youth Outreach Programs Today adolescents and teens across the country are reaping the benefits of writing a descriptive examples Glion Of Higher, outreach programs. These programs seek to build the highest ideals of character and to promote positive and healthy development of youth. Write An Editorial Downside School! However, several of our nationally funded programs absorb a great deal of a descriptive essay Of Higher Education, our time and money without achieving results. D.A.R.E. is a perfect example of the shortcomings of youth outreach programs today.

The Boys and Girls Club on the other hand is write an editorial essay less expensive yet more effective. Thus, I propose that the millions of dollars that is used to fund the D.A.R.E. program should be used to extend the services of the writing essay Institute, Boys and how to write Downside School Girls Club. The D.A.R.E. program, also known as Drug Awareness Resistance Education, was founded in examples Glion Of Higher Education, 1983. Today the program is offered to thirty-five million school children worldwide. The D.A.R.E. Article Writing American Preparatory! program is a police officer led series of classroom lessons that teaches children from kindergarten through twelfth grade how to resist peer pressure and live productive drug and violence free lives.

The D.A.R.E. program claims to provide knowledge and skills to resist peer pressure and experimentation with drugs, to enhance self-assertion, develop risk assessment and decision-making skills, to a descriptive examples Institute Education, teach anger management, conflict resolution and resist gang involvement. The D.A.R.E. program provides in class lessons once a week for a little over article guidelines School, four months. The program claims to integrate health, science, social studies and language arts into a descriptive examples Glion Institute Education, each lesson. Thus, the child's education is supposedly uninterrupted. The lessons are lead by a police officer that has completed eighty hours of an essay, training consisting of the curriculum of the program, child development and classroom management skills. The officers are encouraged to demonstrate positive alternatives to harmful situations.

The D.A.R.E. mission appeals to the parents and essay examples Of Higher teachers of students, because the results it alleges to achieve are ideal. Above all else parents generally seek to ensure the health and University happiness of examples Of Higher, their children. Hence, if the D.A.R.E.#9;program were to prove effective to its participant's good health would be ensured. Unfortunately, according to the Justice Department the D.A.R.E. program has a 'limited to essentially nonexistent effect on drug abuse. In fact, the nation#146;s dominant drug abuse agency, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, doesn't even refer to the D.A.R.E. program. In 1998, a study was conducted in the state of Wisconsin, to measure the about writing University, success of the D.A.R.E. program. It clearly portrayed the achievements of D.A.R.E.; there was an increase in a descriptive examples Education, appreciation for law enforcement authority. It was suggested as a good compliment to stress management, conflict resolution, decision making and help College School empathy awareness, (lessons already existing in the majority of the nations educational curriculums), and writing a descriptive examples Institute Of Higher there was an increase in community confidence that u5. hing was being done. Hence, not one of the goals of the D.A.R.E. Teachers! program was achieved. Writing A Descriptive Essay Examples Of Higher! This and other studies held in previous years are proof that what was actually achieved by the program was a mere compliment to the lessons and ideals taught in more successful and well rounded youth outreach program.

The Boys and Girls Club on the other hand is article guidelines School one of the many stellar youth outreach programs. Founded in 1906, it has helped children from all walks of life develop the essay Institute, qualities to on writing Bishop’s College School, become responsible citizens and leaders in their communities. The Boys and Girls Club provides a safe haven free from negative influences, it teaches discipline, awareness of job opportunities, offers tutoring, goal setting, violence prevention, and a future vision of life beyond public housing. Not to essay Institute, mention fun activities and entertaining programs in supervised supportive environments. The Boys and Girls Club is open five to six days a week, four to write an editorial essay Downside, five hours a day.

The staff consists of youth-work professionals, part-time workers and volunteers and adult leaders. The staff is required to encourage and help retain a positive relationship between club members and writing examples Education adults. A 4 Essay! Some of the many club activities include alcohol, drug and pregnancy prevention (AKA. SMART Moves and SMART kids), career exploration (AKA. Broader Horizons, Job Search Club, One With One, and Goals for Growth), citizenship and leadership (AKA. Youth of the Year, Keystone Clubs, and Torch Clubs), cultural enrichment (AKA. National Photography Contest, Fine Arts Exhibit Program, and Epstein Scholarship Program), delinquency and gang prevention (AKA. Delinquency Prevention Through Targeted Outreach and Gang Prevention Through Targeted Outreach), education (AKA. Power Hour, Bo Knows Challenge, and Michael Jordan Essay Challenge), environmental education (AKA.

The Ultimate Journey) and health sports and writing essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education fitness (AKA. The Body Works, Jump Rope Challenge, Sir Thomas J. Lipton Sportsmanship Award, and Sectional Tournaments). Besides the Bishop’s, numerous activities available to Boys and Girls Club members, studies have shown effectiveness of both drug and crime prevention among youth. In 1987, they launched an initiative to establish new clubs in public housing areas nationwide, where children have higher risks of making unhealthy choices involving violence, crime and drugs. After conducting a three-year study at writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education Columbia University, it was confirmed that the Boys and Girls Club had a huge impact. Juvenile crime was reduced by Trent University, thirteen percent, crack cocaine presence by twenty-five percent and writing essay examples Of Higher overall drug activity by twenty-two percent.

One of the biggest differences between the write how to articles School, D.A.R.E. program and the Boys and writing a descriptive Glion Institute Girls Club is the opportunity to do something productive during after school hours. The Boys and Girls Club removes kids from the writing American Preparatory School, streets and puts them in a safe environment. Hence, the opportunity for deviant activity is therefore eliminated or at least unlikely. Instead of hanging out, deciding whether or not to experiment with drugs Of even watching television kids can get help with their homework or even play soccer with their peers and a descriptive Glion Of Higher Education role models. The most effective way to acknowledge the success of an after school vs. in school program is by viewing them in write an editorial essay Downside School, Practice vs.

Preach frame. For instance, the Glion Institute Education, D.A.R.E. About Writing! program teaches self worth, however self worth is examples Glion Institute Education gained by facing challenges and mastering them through hard work and about writing Trent precision. The Boys and examples Of Higher Education Girls Club enables the kids to article American School, develop self worth by learning new crafting skills and or basketball moves. Another example is teaching the importance of following the a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher Education, rules. The D.A.R.E. program simply implies that it is necessary in order to avoid the consequences. The Boys and Girls Club has rules that are both posted and given before activities and if a member breaks the how to write School, rules they are unable to participate in club activities.

Personally, throughout my adolescents I was well aware of the a descriptive examples Of Higher, availability of drugs and alcohol. In fact, many of my friends who weren't involved in extra curricular activities or who did not belong to clubs experimented with and article writing University Preparatory often times fell victim to their consequences. I can vividly remember all the hangovers they suffered, the drug tests they failed and the school days they missed. Although I wasn't attracted to the idea of using drugs or alcohol, I never really had the opportunity to, even if I had wanted to. My weekdays were spent running from the writing a descriptive Of Higher, schoolyard, to the gym and then off to the swimming pool. Like the programs offered at the Boys and Girls Club, the athletic activities I was involved in taught me self discipline good sportsmanship and everyday I was faced with a fun challenge. Basically I was healthy, happy and how to School safe.

When I was in grade school I had the opportunity to examples Of Higher Education, participate in Just Say No to guidelines American University, Drugs. Glion Of Higher Education! Just Say No to article writing Trent University, Drugs was similar to D.A.R.E. in that it taught me drug prevention and awareness skills. However, the school teachers and parent volunteers were in charge of writing a descriptive, running the program. I also took a course called Me-ology, which is Trent University geared toward building self-esteem and moral judgement. Together, these two programs, which are offered in grade schools across the a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Education, country, are perfect substitutions for the D.A.R.E. education.

The D.A.R.E. program roughly spends around 700 million dollars a year. Write Kingswood! This ridiculously pricey program is one of the most expensive drug prevention programs in the nation and the least effective. If the money that is used to fund the writing a descriptive Glion Institute, D.A.R.E. program was given to the Boys and Girls Club, millions of disadvantaged and at risk children could benefit. The Boys and help an essay Bishop’s College School Girls Club could use the money to extend its hours and open new clubs in public housing areas. From the White House- 1999 National Drug Control Strategy. White House Drug Policy. Online. 19 May 1999.

Gist, E. Nancy. Boys Girls (BG) Clubs of America. Oct. 1995. Bureau of Justice Assistance Fact Sheet . Online. 25 Apr.1999. Richards, G. Pamela. D.A.R.E. Core Curriculum. Research on DARE . Online.

20 May 1999. Section Six: a Different Look at d.a.r.e. Writing A Descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher Education! DRCNet Special Reports . How To Articles School! Online. 19May1999. More Effective Youth Programs Than D.A.R.E. Ethics of Development in a global Environment. Every year, millions of dollars are being spent to help steer youth on a path free of drugs, crime, and filled with opportunities to essay Glion Of Higher, better their lives in the future.

One such program is the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.). The D.A.R.E. program in public schools is our nation's most prominent and visible attempt to educate young people to resist drug abuse. It reaches over 60% of elementary school children in the United States, and is far and away the most prevalent drug education program in use today. Yet D.A.R.E. does not provide the lasting successful results that other youth programs have shown. What follows are the problems with D.A.R.E., and how best to use the resources on other youth programs, such as the YMCAs, that have proven to make a difference in young people's lives. Despite its huge popularity, and hundreds of millions in tax revenue and private contributions, no evidence exists that D.A.R.E. keeps kids off drugs. The main problem is that D.A.R.E. costs a lot of money.

Glenn Levant, the D.A.R.E. executive director, states that D.A.R.E. consumes some $750,000,000 per year. 2 Most of the money spent on the DARE program is spent by localities to train and pay DARE officers, and to purchase workbooks, curriculum materials.3 The money also goes to purchase paraphernalia such as T-shirts, bumper stickers, caps, pens, pencils, etc., from D.A.R.E. - licensed vendors, as well as for training and overtime salaries for police. Write Articles School! It is important to realize that every dollar spent on D.A.R.E. is a dollar not available for a useful, educationally sound drug education program in schools. The overwhelming preponderance of federal Drug-Free Schools money goes into the D.A.R.E. program. News reports have estimated that from $700 to $750 million are spent on D.A.R.E. A Descriptive Essay Glion Of Higher! each year, based on Dennis Cauchon's USA Today interviews with D.A.R.E. America director Glenn Levant. But the IRS returns filed by DARE America in 1993 and 1994 showed estimates of only $200 to $230 million per year, most of it in article writing Trent University, volunteer time and effort rather than money.5 A mere $5.5 million was actually spent by writing examples Institute, DARE America itself in 1994, up from less than $1 .1 million in 1992. 6 Since there is no centralized accounting of all local DARE fluids, there is really no way to know exactly what is spent on D.A.R.E. nationwide.7 But we do know that it is still growing fast. The bulk of D.A.R.E. How To A 4 Essay College! America income now comes from private contributions from its board members and some large corporations, such as Kimberly-Clark paper products and Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant.

8 The full details of private contributions cannot be made public under the same IRS rules which require D.A.R.E.'s other financial aspects to be revealed, suice private people have a right to donate anonymously.9 Most corporations cannot be considered legally to be private individuals. Michael Milken and Diane Disney Miller are probably two of several high profile donors, and are known to serve on the D.A.R.E. America Board and with its sister organization, D.A.R.E. California10. Local D.A.R.E. programs are fluided in part by Safe and Drug Free School Act money set aside by Congress for anti-drug education.11 Other funds set up by Congress have since required that a certain percentage of money be spent on anti-violence programs. D.A.R.E. America recently revised its curricula for the first time in eleven years, just in time to take advantage of the new funding source.12 The Federal Government (your taxes), school districts (your taxes), and police departments (your taxes) also contribute to the largest drug prevention program. D.A.R.E. also sacrifices excessive academic time.14 The program consumes approximately seventeen hours of academic time that would otherwise be available for science, math, reading or some other academic subject.'5 In the examples Glion Institute Of Higher, absence of any proof that D.A.R.E. works, this is a substantial sacrifice of valuable school time. With the amount of teachers The Village School, money and time used inefficiently, other programs could benefit from this money and use it more effectively. Writing A Descriptive Essay Examples! One such program that does have successful results the YMCA's youth programs.

YMCAs believes that fragrnentation of services to youth and families is a major problem. They support the development of integrated community-based strategies for serving children and families. There are more than 2,100 YMCAs across the nation, serving more than 13 million people each year, are working to nurture children, support families, and strengthen communities.16 The YMCA's efforts are to prepare young adults to be productive workers, effective parents, and responsible citizens. The YMCA is committed to developing educational and recreational programs which advocate integrity, understanding of diversity, strong character and University positive change in the youth and families of our community. 17. The YMCAs give highest priority to prevention. The YMCA believes that providing programs that help children and families succeed is more cost-effective than remedial strategies that offer help only after children and families are in. They support state and local initiatives to strengthened community collaboration. YMCAs support the development of integrated community-based strategies for serving children and families. YMCAs provide safe, quality child care available to all working families, regardless of ability to pay. 19.

The YMCAs are very family and community focused and writing examples Glion Institute Education research shows that this where support should come from to Bishop’s School, make positive results in young people's lives. Most parents (94%) believe that their children learn values from them while 20% of writing essay Glion Of Higher, teens report that they do not.20 Parents also underestimate the role that their children's friends play in determining their values--only 9% think that friends play an an editorial School, important role here--yet nearly one in six 14- and i5-year. lds (14%) considers friends a source of values, up from examples Glion 5% for 12- and 13-year. lds.21 Ten percent of these middle-schoolers say they learn values from article guidelines themselves.22 In the history of a descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher, our country, our children have never been so neglected, so at risk, so deprived of family interaction, positive values and character development, warned David R. Mercer, national executive director, YMCA of the USA, As a nation we bear enormous responsibility for children with empty lives and empty futures, nurtured on violent images until they don't know right from wrong. We are losing a generation who need more interaction, more time with caring adults. 23. The YMCAs' survey shows that only 2% of write an editorial essay Downside School, 12-to 15-year. lds spend the essay Glion Institute, majority of their free time interacting with family.24 Nearly half (46%) of guidelines American Preparatory School, respondents say they watch television on a daily basis unsupervised by their parents. 25 Also alarmingly, only examples Glion, 63% of parents say they supervise television use daily26.

And 83% of kids use the writing American School, Internet, with 62% saying they do so without weekly supervision. 27Children say they can talk to parents about several subjects--but not about emotions and depression. We have the a descriptive examples Glion Institute, knowledge, the ability and the programs to change all of this, Mercer continued, We must now find the national will to make our children's future a priority. Every adult has a stake in this.28. Money from D.A.R.E. could be placed into how to an editorial Downside, other more productive programs with results like the Education, YMCAs Youth Chance High School. This non4uition, private school, provides young people with a non4raditional school setting. How To! 29The classes are based upon an interdisciplinary approach through individualized and small group instruction. It emphasizes teaching the whole student than just academic learning. The curriculum at Youth Chance emphasizes GED and California High School Proficiency Exam preparation. It also includes basic skills, independent living skills, critical thinking, personal growth/awareness, law related education, employment readiness training and examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education paid work experience.31 Goals of the school include and are not limited to: passing the GED, increasing reading and math skills, re-entering the public school system, and acquiring/maintaining permanent employment.32 One must be at least 16 years old and must attend classes regularly.

After-School Tutorial Program is article about writing University another highly successful program. It is writing a descriptive examples Institute free to elementary students and offers recreational activities after school, and one-on-one tutoring by a 4 paragraph essay Lord College, trained volunteers.33 One success story of this program is from the San Francisco branch. Children from this area had some of the lowest test scores in all of California. But after the tutoring program had been established for essay Education a year, test scores of these students are now in writing Trent University, the 50' percentile. 34. Friday nights are a time when many kids can get into trouble.

Friday Night Jams is a program that allows kids to use the entire YMCA facility for a descriptive examples Institute Education $2.00 during, and still hang out article writing University Preparatory with their friends.35 But to be able to participate kids must be in a community service group or discussion group once a month. Essay Glion Institute Of Higher! 36 Friday Youth Night is another evening group that helps keep kids out of trouble. It is for 6-9' graders from all areas of San Francisco and incorporates recreational and University social activities with discussions about relevant issues. Rides home are also provided. Hoops is a winter and spring basketball league program designed for middle and high school boys and a descriptive examples Institute girls.

Monthly classes focusing on education and prevention are also run with participation of this program.37 SOMA Jam is also a Friday night program that offers guest speakers, games, socializing, basketball clinics, and other fun activities. It is designed to give youth and teens a safe place to on writing Bishop’s, play basketball, and provide motivation for being successful teens.39. Teen Drop-In Center is another outlet for kids to stay out of trouble while their parents are still at work. 40Open to essay Institute, middle and high school students, this center provides a recreational and educational activities for students to hang out with friends in between school and home.41 Youth Sleepovers are yet another program helping kids have safe fun together. Activities for write an editorial this program include: swimming, playing games, and discussing relevant issues42 Sleepovers are supervised by writing Institute Of Higher Education, trained YMCA staff and include breakfast.43. The YMCAs are all funded through private donations, fundraising, and grants The San Francisco branch recently had a fluid-raiser that raised over $2OO,OOO. 44 All of their programs offer financial aid to their already lowered membership fees if there are any.45 Money is also received from the writing American University School, full price memberships the public buys to their fitness center, to help cover costs of their community youth programs.46 But more money, money like D.A.R.E. programs receive, is needed to help kept these programs running and Glion Institute Of Higher Education create more to benefit more youth who need it.

I believe that the YMCAs mission to involve the family and community is a very successful and important one. Family and community are the foundation for so many things in life to be based on essay The Village, and without this base, a lot of young people are suffering for it. My experiences when I was growing up, was very family-oriented My parents both did not work during the writing essay examples Of Higher, summers and my brother and I had a strong constant family network. Now many families do not have this option, but time spent after work reading to us and having family dinners were also done during the school year, that can be done by all. The community can take over this role if the article writing Trent University, family is not supportive enough That is where program such as the YMCAs can become so helpful Although D.A.R.E. has good objectives in mind programs like the YMCAs begin at the foundation of the causes of youth problems to be a more successful program. Gonnerman, Jennifer, Truth or D.A.R.E. The Dubious Drug-Education Program Takes New York, The Village Voice, April 7, 1999.

Gorman, D.M., ' ho Needs Evidence? From The Irrelevance of Evidence in the Development of School-Based Drug Prevention Policy 1986-1996, Evalution Review', vol 22, (l),Feb. 1998pp.118- 146. Ibid Ibid. Ibid.

Ibid. Ibid. Gonnerman, Jennifer, The Vi11age Voice, April 7. 1999. Ibid. Ibid. Ibid Ibid. Ibid. Johnson Dirk, New York Time, June 1999. Ibid. Embarcadero YMCA Homepage Ibid. Ibid. Ibid.

Mt Diablo Region YMCA Homepage Ibid. Institute! Ibid. Writing Guidelines American! Ibid. Ibid. Writing! Ibid. Ibid. Ibid. Ibid. Article Preparatory School! Youth Chance High School pamphlet Ibid. Ibid. Writing A Descriptive Essay Examples Glion Education! Ibid. Program Guide Embarcadero YMCA Ibid. Write Essay Downside! Ibid. Ibid. Essay Glion Of Higher Education! Ibid. Ibid. Ibid. The Village School! Ibid. Ibid. Ibid. Glion Institute Education! Ibid. Write! Ernbarcadero YMCA Homepage Ibid. Ibid. Gonnerman, Jennifer, Truth or D.A.R.E.

The Dubious Drug-Education Program Takes New York, The Village Voice, April 7, 1999. Gorman, D.M., Who Needs Evidence? From The Irrelevance of Evidence in the Development of School-Based Drug Prevention Policy 1986-1996, Evolution Review, vol 22, (1), Feb. 1998pp.118-146. Johnson, Dirk, Second Thoughts On Cops In The Class,. New York Times, June 1996. Program Guide, Embarcadero YMCA of San Francisco, May-August 1999, pp. Of Higher! 8-9. Youth Chance High School, pamphlet, Embarcadero YMCA of San Francisco, 1999. http://www.mtdiabloregionymca.org/ysfacts/policy.html Mt.

Diablo Region YMCA Homepage, May 1999. http://www.embarcaderoymca.org/communityprograms.html Embarcadero YMCA of San Francisco Homepage, May 1999. FAMILY YOUTH PROGRAMS: Our generation faces the terrifying obstacle of reducing and solving the current high levels of violence and drug use among teenagers today. Every year new programs are created to writing guidelines, help keep kids of the streets, help them say no to essay examples Institute, drugs, and help them value their education. It is our responsibility to determine which of these programs are successful and which of the programs are wasting money.

The federal government funds a number of youth programs. Some are not strictly youth focused, but also deal with family support and involvement. These programs are found in almost every federal department, and they vary in size, scope, and write Lord funding mechanism. Programs are subject to yearly change based on writing a descriptive examples Glion Of Higher, Congressional and administration decisions. Unfortunately, every year money is article about Trent University dumped into a descriptive essay examples Institute Of Higher, programs which have been found to have no influence on teenager behavior, and for this reason, I propose those programs be eliminated and put the money towards more successful programs. Primarily, the how to an editorial essay School, national D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) program should be eliminated, and instead the writing examples Glion Institute Of Higher, money should go to programs which focus on family support programs and how to a 4 family literacy. Contrary to public belief the essay examples Institute Education, D.A.R.E program has been proven to be completely ineffective and sometimes even harmful to article writing Trent, the youth involved and yet the program continues on year after year. Over 200 million dollars a year goes towards the writing Of Higher, D.A.R.E. program . D.A.R.E. claims to provide students from kindergarten through high school with the skills necessary to recognize and resist pressures to experiment with drugs and to avoid gangs and violence.

Lessons emphasize self-esteem, decision making, interpersonal communications skills, the consequences of drug abuse, conflict resolution and positive alternatives to substance abuse. 2 D.A.R.E sponsors believe that the most important facet of the program are the specially trained police officers used to deliver the curriculum within the schools. Adults believe that the write a 4 essay Lord College, presence of police officers influences the teenagers to say no to drugs, because they are seen as authority figures. In reality, the officers are seen as entertainment and a way to get out of class. Students no more pay attention to the officers than they do to the principal lecturing on bad behavior, and the students that do listen are not the ones that need the writing a descriptive Education, help. This might appear as a very harsh statement, but speaking as a student who personally went through the D.A.R.E. Write How To School! program, I found it to be dull and non-influential on me and my classmates. On the a descriptive essay Institute Education, days that the officers came, I would sit quietly and enjoy the article University, stories they told and the small games we played, but when it was all said and done, the words flew in one ear and out the other without me thinking twice. The program had a similar effect on many students, and especially those students that needed to hear it the most. A Descriptive Essay Glion Institute! The only way to writing, reach these teenagers is to writing Institute Of Higher, make it a way of life for them.

For this reason, I propose that the money from article writing guidelines D.A.R.E. be used to strengthen the family support programs across the writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Education, nation. Expanding the family literacy programs across the nation will not only unify communities but will also have the greatest long term effect for future generations. All family support programs are based on four primary assumptions. First, families have primary responsibility for their children's development and well-being; they need resources and supports that will enable them to fulfill that responsibility effectively. Help College! Second, healthy families are the foundation of a healthy society.

Families who are unable to promote their children's development ultimately place the entire society at risk. Third, families operate as part of a total system. Children cannot be viewed as separate from their families, nor can families be viewed separately from their communities, their cultural heritage or the society at essay Institute large. Decisions made on behalf of children must consider the ways in which these various systems are interconnected. Lastly, the systems and institutions upon which families rely for how to an editorial support must assist families' efforts to effectively raise their children3. They must adjust and coordinate their services so as not to writing essay Glion Of Higher, hinder families' abilities to maintain positive environments for their children. Family support programs began to appear in article American, the early 1 970s, and since then have been proliferating across the a descriptive essay examples Glion, country. Write Lord Wandsworth! Family programs are the future of our country.

With the writing a descriptive examples Education, focus on strong families, this will then strengthen neighborhoods, and then cities, and finally the writing guidelines American, whole country will benefit. The goal is to have no weak links, and to let every citizens realize their potential. Perhaps this is writing essay Glion Institute seeming a bit idealized, but most of the public is naive to the fact that more than 23 million adults in write Kingswood, the United States are functionally illiterate. They cannot read, write, or perform basic math problems well enough to function effectively in everyday life. An additional 45 million are marginally illiterate, with skills at writing a descriptive essay Institute Of Higher or below the ninth grade level.4 These astonishing statistics make me wonder how our country survives with so many uneducated individuals wandering the streets. For many people, their circumstances made it impossible for article guidelines American better opportunities, and it is writing a descriptive examples Of Higher Education our responsibility to give these families the opportunity to learn and succeed. Family literacy programs deal in four specific areas. They have classes pertaining to children only, adult only, child and adult, and family support. In a majority of programs, the goal is to enhance children's literacy skills.

Activities include early childhood programs, day care, kindergarten programs, reading and storytelling events, and music and art activities. Write How To Articles Kingswood! On the other end, goals for adults aged 16 and writing Glion Of Higher above include developing literacy and parenting skills, and improving self-esteem. Services include Adult Basic Education (ABE), high school equivalency, English as a Second Language (ESL), and employment training5. Most importantly for these programs are the article Trent University, parent and child interactions. Activities include side-by-side reading, modeling of child development practices, reading aloud, storytelling, educational field trips, and a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher computer games. Teachers The Village School! The family support component targets the family's utilization of community resources, the development of social networks, the development of parenting skills, and the economic self-sufficiency of the family. Writing A Descriptive Essay Glion Institute! The programs also teach community resource needs like medical resources, how to vote, day care, and write how to counseling. These programs are important, because they target several aspects of daily life; and a descriptive essay Education the lessons participants learn are extremely practical and helpful. One of the most influential family programs offered today is the Even Start program.

This program is article American University Preparatory still very small, but it has been shown to have extraordinary results. The Even Start family learning centers were created to empower isolated, low-income, and academically at-risk families. The program focuses on assisting parents in becoming teachers to their children, help children prepare and succeed in examples Institute, school programs, and increase literacy skills for the whole family6. How To An Editorial Essay Downside School! Families learn literacy skills by home-based instruction, in center-based classes, and community-based enrichment activities. All of the skills taught help the families be more productive in their personal, social, and occupational lives. All Even Start programs are offered to families at no cost, and this is why it is so important to get further government funding. In addition to no costs for the families, most lessons are presented bilingually in English and writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Education Spanish. Approximately 50 percent of the teachers The Village School, families are Hispanic, many of whom speak no English.7 Generally speaking, the participant families are usually at writing examples Glion Of Higher low education achievement levels, have limited resources, low self-esteem, and low literacy levels. Perhaps you are questioning why this program and other family programs are better than D.A.R.E. and other youth programs. In a current research study on both adult education and early childhood intervention programs, it showed that the mother's level of how to write an editorial Downside School, education is essay Glion Institute Of Higher one of the most important factors influencing children's reading levels and other school achievements.

The research supports the idea that family intergenerational literacy programs are a promising approach to supporting parents in their roles as first teachers. Families are the essay teachers The Village, core of every stable society. Writing Examples Education! In these family programs, it gives children and adults time to spend together and learn from one another. There were significant findings for the parents who participated in the Even Start program. Over 80 percent of the parents who enrolled in the program were unemployed, had not completed high school, and had an income of less than $7,000 per year, primarily from public assistance.8 After participating in the program, 41 percent either were in some form of how to write an editorial Downside School, higher or continuing education program or had definite plans for enrolling; 35 percent were employed; 41 percent were not receiving any form of public assistance; and well over half of the parents were still serving as volunteers in their children's elementary schools one to three years after leaving the program.9 Not only were the parents extremely influenced by a descriptive examples Institute, the programs, but also the children involved. The children were more likely to take pride and responsibility for their literacy abilities if their parents showed concern for education. Also, children involved were less likely to skip school, and had a more positive outlook on home life. Overall, the major benefit of the Even Start program is giving children and how to a 4 Lord Wandsworth College adults the writing a descriptive essay examples Glion Institute Of Higher Education, attention they need to learn basic survival skills like reading and writing. Once this obstacle was overcome by most families, they were then able to look for write how to articles Kingswood better jobs which allowed them to writing a descriptive essay Institute Education, stay home longer and gave them more time to be with their children. My strong appeal for family learning and strengthening comes from the way in University Preparatory, which my parents raised me and my eight brothers and sisters.

What appeared to be an impossible task for writing a descriptive examples Of Higher Education most small American families, my parents managed to raise nine extremely talented children that have never had a drug problem or education issues. Why did we all succeed? From my childhood experiences and from observing other classmates, the primary difference was the children who received family support. My parents encouraged athletic activities, kept tv watching to a minimum, and stressed school homework as priority above other activities. It was not just the values that they helped us set, but also the examples they were to us and the constant love and support they gave. About University! My parents made it impossible for me to even consider the possibility of doing drugs or failing a class. They had raised me from the beginning with enough emphasis on the value of reading and learning that any other way of life seemed wrong to a descriptive Of Higher, me. Unfortunately, the time that my parents had available for us was far more than most parents have who are struggling to essay, survive when working 12 hour days.

My parents are not wealthy, but I was fortunate enough to have my mother work out of the home and have my father work a normal eight hour day. For some of my classmates, either their parents had to work long hours to support them or they didn't take much concern for their children, but it was these children that ended up doing drugs and dropping out of a descriptive essay Institute, school. It just proves that parental involvement with their children is School more important than any school lesson or adult influence in their life. This is a descriptive essay Glion why family programs must be stressed in our country. The parent's involvement in their child's life is essential to putting them on the right path.

I propose that low income families that do not have the time because of work reasons have the programs available to them with work compensation from the government. The programs, like Even Start, must become more readily available and also must provide some incentive to parents to enroll their families. Once the federal government concerns themselves with these successful family programs, then cities and individual neighborhoods will focus their attention on strengthening the family. The benefits from family literacy programs go far beyond the family. Once the family is how to write how to strengthened, then the community improves its quality of writing essay examples Glion Education, living, and School then it can become a national epidemic.

If our country can manage to teach 23 million people how to read, then the benefits would be too extensive to measure. This is why it is imperative that unsuccessful programs, like D.A.R.E., be eliminated from government funding, and transfer funding to family learning centers. Of course, family learning programs are not the only helpful programs out there, and that is why youth programs like YMCA and writing a descriptive Institute Of Higher Education Boys and writing American Girls clubs are made available. Writing Examples Glion Of Higher Education! The YMCA and Boys and Girls clubs are very good temporary programs that teach youth additional skills which were not taught by the family. But I still must insist that the only way to article Trent University, fully improve the quality of life in our country is to strengthen all poverty stricken families to work as a unit and to be examples for each other. As I said before, when the family bonds grow, the community will benefit; and when the community strengthens, then the a descriptive Glion Institute Of Higher Education, entire country has the capacity to reach beyond its poor streets into a new and better way of life for everyone.

Even Start . Article Trent University! 1999. Council of the writing a descriptive examples Glion Of Higher, Great City Schools. Family Support Programs and Family Literacy . 1999. Family Resource Coalition.