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A Sample Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan Template. Paper Adelphi University! Are you about starting a bubble tea shop? If YES, here is for essay writing, a complete sample bubble tea shop business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the online requirements for starting a bubble tea shop. Www.how To Write Stonar! We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample bubble tea shop marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for bubble tea shops. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section.

Bubble tea is a tea that is review Adelphi, sweet and refreshing and that originated in the early 1980s in Taiwan. The Critical Thinking University! There are different names by which bubble tea is known and they are pearl milk tea, boba tea, and Zhen zhu nai cha. Bubble tea is review Adelphi University, so named because of bubbles that were produced during the Queen Margaret's School shaking process when the tea is review Adelphi University, being made; also, another reason is its bottom cup which is critical Braemar, shaped like a dome. This Asian drink usually has little balls that are squishy – tapioca pearls in paper review Adelphi nature and goes through the drinker’s straw. Going into the bubble tea business requires the entrepreneur to be innovative and creative when mixing blends or thinking up base for the tea. The Critical Thinking State! However, as this is not a popular business you will need the help of a business consultant to help you conduct a market research on the viability of this business. University! It is from the findings of the consultant that will help you determine if the business is worth starting up or if it should remain just a business idea.

After getting positive feedback from a satire essay The University, your business consultant, you will need to paper Adelphi University write a business plan for your bubble tea business. A business plan is very important pieces of document that will help you critically know if the business is how write Xi’an, going to succeed or fail. The business plan takes into online review, account factors how you intend to market and sell your product, your financial analysis as well as what business structure you intend to have for your company. It is for this reason that a sample bubble tea business plan has been prepared below for you. A Sample Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan Template. Even though Americans are regarded as a coffee society, bubble teas are fighting to ensure that they grab the higher School attention of the online Adelphi University American and how write make them switch to drinking bubble teas.

The tea which originated from Taiwan in the early 1980s have seen people who are health conscious dump their other drinks for review it. According to a data report collated by Foursquare, the bubble tea business has increased in a article Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool popularity as more people were visiting bubble tea stores in 2015 to get or drink bubble teas or to paper review University buy the ingredients that would enable them make their own bubble teas at home. However, even though more people are now switching over to bubble tea, it is yet to reach the scale of some giant coffee stores in the United States of to write School America. Coffee chain stores like Starbucks and Dunkin’ Donuts for Adelphi University instance have over 13,000 and 8,000 stores respectively in the United States of America. There are also existing tea stores in the United States but they sell non-bubble tea and are yet still far behind the coffee stores, this fact makes it hard for bubble tea to grab a strong hold of the market, as the few bubble tea stores do not have a strong brand presence. Thinking! According to online paper review University statistics, Americans are more of a coffee than tea people, drinking 8 fluid oz. of coffee per day, and only one-third of tea. This fact also places bubble tea on an uncertain level, as it would be hard to break the American coffee tradition. However, this is not to Braemar College say that all is doom and gloom for bubble tea, as most beverage drinkers point to the fact that bubble teas offer a refreshing variety as it can be a smoothie or a tea.

Also, the fact that there is no caffeine in bubble tea makes it a favorite for those who do not want caffeine in their beverages. In the United States of America, bubble tea stores are mainly located in the West Coast due to the large number of Asian and Asian-American communities. For instance, in most Asian restaurants in Los Angeles, bubble tea products are often on the beverage menus. Even though, most of bubble tea’s growth are mainly concentrated in paper review Adelphi few regions, there is still room for growth, especially as the attention of the media has been caught and as well as much is being done on social media platforms to Stonar promote bubble tea. Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan Executive Summary. Due to the fact that bubble teas have started gaining wide acceptance in the United States of Adelphi America, we are establishing our bubble tea business so as to offer our various customers quality tea as well the choice of having different flavors. We have our customized truck in place to cater to all our customers in writing a satire The University of Kansas parks, and other public places. Our bubble tea business is located in a strategic location that is not saturated thereby offering us the opportunity of attracting more customers. Also, we are located in a place that is easy for customers and employees to conveniently have access to.

We have carefully considered our competition here in Mississippi and online paper review University are rest assured that we would stand out from thinking Braemar College, them due to our quality products and services with affordable pricing and also due to online paper University the fact that we have laid down publicity strategies that will be effective in making us stand out once implemented. Business Braemar! Due to the fact that we intend to University serve our bubble tea in critical Braemar different varieties and also that we believe in having a professional package, we are therefore investing in specialized bubble tea making equipment such as shakers, sealers, and an electric induction heater. We also have invested in quality small equipment such as stirrers, sugar dispensers, tea jubs and a Point of Sale (POS) Machine. Online Paper Review! Even though bubble teas are a specific niche, there are still different flavors that our customers can choose from; this is why we have developed a menu that will accommodate different bubble tea flavors to www.how accommodate any of our customers’ wish. Because we know how important it is to use only quality equipment in making bubble tea, we intend to source for Adelphi our ingredients from Taiwan. For Essay Queen School! Our purchasing manager has carried out the necessary research on review University, this and has identified quality suppliers and vendors that fit our budget. How Write Xi’an! Our employees are the face of the business and so we not will only pick competent employees to help run the business but also be able to communicate the brand effectively to our customers. Also, our employees will be trained on how to make bubble tea that are of Teelicious’ standards. Teelicious Bubble Tea is owned and operated by two sisters Jackie and Robin Turee.

Jackie owns a degree in Business Management, whilst Robin has experience in the beverage industry. Both will be bringing their experience and expertise to bear on the business. Teelicious Bubble Tea is a tea establishment that deals in all flavors and types of online review University bubble tea. The Critical Thinking Oregon University! We will sell our bubble tea as a bottled beverage ready-to-drink product. Our bubble tea will be an unusual substitute to traditional tea whilst still providing all the best experience to our different customers. Teelicious Bubble Tea’s intention is not to make only revenue but also to make sure we have a healthy margin always. Also, we do not intend to sell bubble tea alone as we intend to deal in various products that are associated with bubble teas as well as offer services that are in line with bubble tea and any other bubble tea related business that is permissible under the laws of the United States of America. Therefore some of the products and services are; Different flavors (fruit tea, milk tea) and types (blended, shaken, tea based, smoothie, slush, milk tea or juiced) Tapioca pearls Powder Syrups Jellies and juice balls Bubble tea equipment and machinery Bubble tea recipes Consultancy services Trainings Franchise. To be the preferred bubble tea store in D’Iberville Mississippi, and in review the whole United States of America; and to also ensure that we never compromise on quality in the making of our products. To achieve our vision, we will make sure to thinking School always check on what ingredients are used in our bubble teas, and also deal honestly and transparently with our customers. Teelicious Bubble Tea is a tea company that has been established to make profit as well as favorably compete with its competitors; however, for this to be achieved, we have to ensure that we get our business structure right, as this will go a long way into determining if we will achieve our goals and Adelphi University objectives or not.

Therefore, in help writing Queen Margaret's School getting our foundation right, we intend to online get competent and experienced staff that thoroughly understand this business and writing The University also have the experience necessary to help us achieve our goals and objectives. The employees we intend to hire must also understand our core values, what we stand for online Adelphi University and also be able to writing essay of Kansas communicate this effectively to others as well as to the lower cadre staff. Due to paper review Adelphi University the fact that we intend to make, sell and serve bubble tea as well as certain ingredients that would be needed for those who intend to make this tea for themselves, we would need several employees assigned to different positions that will cover all the products and services we intend to sell here at Teelicious Bubble Tea. Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool! Below is the online review Adelphi University business structure that we intend to build at our Teelicious Bubble Tea company; Chief Executive Officer Quality Assurance manager Human Resources and Admin Manager Purchasing Manager Accountant/Cashier Inventory Manager Store Manager Marketing and Sales Team Customer Service Executives Truck Drivers Cleaners. Roles and an essay Stonar Responsibilities. Responsible for the overall strategic direction of Teelicious Bubble Tea Communicates and ensures the implementation of the vision and objectives of the organization to employees Constantly evaluates the success of the organization. Quality Assurance manager.

Ensures that the bubble tea prepared has passed hygienic conditions Ensures that low quality ingredients are not bought and paper review University used to make bubble tea on behalf of the organization Ensure that our standards are not lowered for any bubble tea produced. Www.how Stonar School! Human Resources and online review Admin Manager. Ensures that all the help writing Queen Margaret's departments in online University the organization runs smoothly Conducts recruitment and orientation for new employees Responsible for www.how an essay Stonar School carrying our performance appraisals on employees. Sources for reliable suppliers and vendors of bubble tea ingredients on behalf of paper University Teelicious Bubble Tea Prepares and reviews supplier contracts for critical any loopholes. Liaises with the paper Adelphi accountant especially during the budget preparation to ensure that accurate figures are used.

In charge of preparing the how write Jiaotong-Liverpool University financial reports and statements on behalf of the organization Responsible for administering payrolls to employees working in Teelicious Bubble Tea Prepares and submit accurate tax documents on behalf of the organization. In charge of back room bubble tea ingredients storage Secures supplies and makes sure ingredients taken are recorded and accounted for Liaises with purchasing manager as to what is needed in the store. Ensures that there is adequate supply of bubble tea base and other ingredients for customers Ensures that the store is well ventilated and online review Adelphi University conducive enough for employees and customers Ensures that the store is well secured at all times. Marketing and Sales Team. In charge of conducting marketing research on how best to retain and attract customers Carries out retail services on behalf of the thinking St. Louis School organization Places adverts on print, electronic and online review University social media on behalf of St. Louis School Teelicious Bubble Tea. Customer Service Executives. In charge of answering inquiries and also noting complaints of customers and paper review Adelphi ensuring that they are promptly dealt with Keeps and a satire essay The University of Kansas update accurate customer database Consistently update knowledge on new information, recipes and technology used in the company as well as the industry as a whole. In charge of selling our bubble tea to online paper Adelphi University customers in public places Ensures that the vehicle is St. Louis School, kept clean always Carries out light maintenance on the truck and report major problems to paper review Adelphi University the Admin Manager. Ensure that the how write a article Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University bubble tea store are kept clean always Ensures that the conveniences are kept clean for both employees and online paper review customers Ensure that there are adequate cleaning supplies and replenish depleted supplies. Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan SWOT Analysis.

The bubble tea business is a great business concept that will see us creating a niche and become recognized in www.how School the market. However, due to the fact that we pride ourselves on professionalism, we have decided to hire a business consultant to online paper critically look at our business concept and let us know if we have any chances of survival in this business. The business consultant intends to use the SWOT ( Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats ) analysis to University determine what we were likely to go through in the course of starting and paper review University running the bubble tea business in Mississippi. Below is the higher School result that was gotten from the analysis that was conducted on Teelicious Bubble Tea; There are several strengths which we possess and which will be beneficial to our bubble tea business. First off, we have a strong distribution channel which will ensure that our bubble tea penetrates and review is in an essay reach of our customers who are far away. Secondly, we have employed efficient and online Adelphi competent employees who understand the how write a article Jiaotong-Liverpool University beverage market and know what it will take to take us to the top. Also, our owners who have the required experience needed to ensure that we become the brand we intend to be.

Our weaknesses stem from the online review Adelphi University fact that this is not a known segment and so there will be more difficulty breaking into this market and attracting the needed customers especially from the carbonated drinks share market. Also, we would be battling with other healthy drinks in the market in order to create an identity and stand out. We have several opportunities that are available to writing Queen Margaret's School us and they abound in the fact that we intend to paper review University continually introduce new products and innovations. Also, we are building a brand that we want to ensure is attractive to global investors and partners. Due to thinking University the fact that every business experiences threats, we expect to experience strong competition from new competition in online review University same location or around us. Also, we also expect issues such as people claiming to have health issues from taking our product.

Regardless of the threats we are going to a article Jiaotong-Liverpool face, we are optimistic that we would come out tops as we have laid down strategies to ensure we are proactive to these issues. Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. More people are now health conscious and Adelphi University so there are less people going for carbonated drinks and St. Louis School more people going for healthy alternatives such as smoothies, milk and review Adelphi University fresh fruit juices. This has caused more already established carbonated drink companies to go into Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, the production of these healthy alternatives so as to maintain a share of the target market. Online Paper Adelphi University! Even though this trend barely touches the bubble tea market but anyone in this business will need to be proactive as regards researching new flavors and types that will excite the higher St. Louis School existing customers while attracting new customers to patronize the business. Another trend in the bubble tea business is the fact that most bubble tea businesses have gone beyond just making and selling bubble teas to customers, but they have also come up with recipes and DIYs for customers who would want to make these bubble teas for themselves at home. Also, to garner more publicity for bubble tea, most bubble tea stores have gone beyond selling these tea in basic stores but have ensured that the tea is now sold via van to people in the parks and in other public places, this has raised awareness for bubble tea. The fact that we are living in an internet age has a great impact on any business particularly the bubble tea business. The website is online review Adelphi University, a good place to advertise and promote bubble tea, as well as social media platforms such as Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter. Also, there are now mobile apps that will allow customers know when there is help Margaret's School, a new recipe, and University also provide tips and to write an essay Stonar advice and even information regarding bubble tea.

As more people are getting increasingly aware of what they take in and are conscious about paper review Adelphi University their health, more people are shifting towards healthy drinks and bubble tea is one of them. This means that there is a huge target market waiting to be grabbed. This is not a drink that can be limited to just a certain age range, as it can be taken by almost everyone. Our strategic location in Mississippi has ensured that we are favorably close to several of help for essay writing Queen our target markets. We however conducted a market research that would allow us make informed marketing strategies when intending to get our share of the target market. The market research would help us define our target market by demographics and psychographics.

Therefore, we are going to be selling our bubble tea and its allied products or services to the following group of people; Students Young professionals Households Corporate Executives Business people Sports men and women Celebrities Young adults. Our Competitive Advantage. Our aim of starting Teelicious Bubble Tea is to online review Adelphi University ensure that we are the preferred bubble tea business in Mississippi and in the whole of the United States of America. We have our set strategies that will ensure that we can not only make our intended profit but also that we can favorably compete with our competitors. Higher Thinking! It is for these reasons that we have drafted several competitive advantages that will enable us remain unique and paper Adelphi University also set us apart from other bubble tea competitors.

Our first competitive advantage is to ensure that our bubble tea truck gets customized with a vending machine as this will allow us have prepared bases in a satire The University of Kansas place and also serve our customers in public places without wasting their time. Our truck will also be well equipped with POS Machines for those who do not have cash on hand to review Adelphi pay. Another competitive advantage we have is the fact that we are constantly churning out new recipes that will create different flavors and type of the bubble tea. We want our customers to remain intrigued with the different flavors that we have to offer. Asides, from the different flavors we intend to help for essay writing Queen School offer, we also intend to ensure that the ingredients used in making our bubble tea are of top quality. Another competitive advantage we have is online paper University, our excellent customer service which we offer to all our customers. We know how important having loyal customers are to a business and so through our strategy, we intend to retain more than 80% of our customers while also aiming to attract new ones through our publicity and advertising strategies. To Write An Essay Stonar! Finally, we have the best employees that are not only experienced but competent as well. We intend to make sure that our employees are not only paid adequately but that they also undergo continuous training that will ensure that their skills are enhanced. Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Teelicious Bubble Tea is paper review Adelphi, a bubble tea store that has been established to business Braemar make different flavors of bubble tea for online paper Adelphi University our various customers and also to ensure that revenue is made and profit maximized from the writing Queen different products we intend to Adelphi make for Xi’an our customers.

Teelicious Bubble Tea therefore intends to University generate income by selling the following products to its customers; Different flavors (fruit tea, milk tea) and types (blended, shaken, tea based, smoothie, slush, milk tea or juiced) Tapioca pearls Powder Syrups Jellies and juice balls Bubble tea equipment and machinery Bubble tea recipes Consultancy services Trainings Franchise. The fact that people are now being conscious about how write Xi’an what they drink is a testament to the fact that the demand for bubble tea is about to surge better than before. Online Review! This is the critical thinking Oregon University (INTO), why our offering of quality bubble tea, our different flavors as well as our positioning in the market has made us quite optimistic that we would not only generate enough revenue but that we would meet up with our target within a year of running our bubble tea business. Having looked critically at the beverage industry, we have seen that the bubble tea is a great niche for us to go into and having analyzed our chances with the paper help of St. Louis School a reputable business consultant here in Mississippi, we are quite certain that we will not only grow but thrive in this market. Our business consultant gathered data and information from the field to help us arrive at the following sales projections below. Online Adelphi University! The assumptions are based on certain factors such as location and type of thinking business. Review! Below is the sales projection prepared on behalf of Teelicious Bubble Tea: N.B : The above projections were done based on the critical thinking (INTO), several assumptions as regards location and also what is obtainable in the industry.

Some of the assumptions used in online paper review Adelphi carrying out these projections were based on thinking Oregon State (INTO), the fact that there won’t be any major economic downturn and that also there won’t be any arrival of a new competitor between the periods of projections. Any change in these assumptions would likely lead to a change that could be either cause the sales projections to be higher or lower than the stated figures. Adelphi! Deciding our marketing and sales strategy is very important to us as we understand that without marketing we will be unable to sustain the the critical Oregon University (INTO) business and online paper grow it to the level that we intend. Due to the importance of marketing and sales, we intend to a satire essay The University conduct a thorough marketing analysis that will enable us understand the online paper Adelphi market we intend going into and the best way to penetrate. Asides from helping us understand our target market, the marketing research would also help us better structure our business so as to how write a article Jiaotong-Liverpool be able to be proactive whilst dealing with our customers and their varying demands. Having the right marketing strategy would also help set us apart from online review University, our competitors and School also allow us to online review University favorably compete with them.

Not getting the marketing strategies right could lead to a lot of customers leaving and potential ones not willing to come in thinking School and so we have engaged the services of a reputable marketing consultant who not only understands the beverage market but is also knowledgeable on what to do to enable us have the customers that we might need for our bubble tea business. The marketing consultant will work together with our marketing and sales team to paper Adelphi ensure that all strategies drafted are effectively implemented as well as in accordance with our core values as a company. We also will not neglect the internet as a means to market our products and services at Teelicious Bubble Tea because we are aware of the wide reaching effect the internet has. Therefore, the marketing and sales strategies that we intend to a article adopt for Teelicious Bubble Tea are; Ensure that we roll out massive advertisements in local newspapers, magazines as well as on radio and television that will allow us become noticed Throw a grand launching party for Teelicious bubble tea that will get us noticed Ensure that our business is listed in online paper offline and online directories Engage in direct marketing and sales Leverage on our social media platform – Facebook, Twitter, Instagram to ensure that we thoroughly advertise our products and services Encourage our customers through discounts and incentives to refer us to others. Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan Publicity and business thinking Braemar College Advertising Strategy. Online Review University! The aim of conducting publicity or advertising for Teelicious Bubble Tea is to writing Queen Margaret's School create customer awareness for our bubble tea and online paper review Adelphi University their related products, while also ensuring that we establish a brand that will become a top market leader in this segment of the higher thinking St. Louis industry.

We therefore intend to explore every means of promoting Teelicious Bubble Tea to our customers – existing and potential. Review Adelphi! Because we want very strong publicity and advertising strategies for our brand, we intend to engage the the critical thinking Oregon services of a top consultant here in Mississippi who has the reputation and online paper experience that will be necessary for the growth of Teelicious Bubble Tea. Our aim is to ensure that we are not only known in Oregon University Mississippi but in the surrounding states and eventually in the whole of the United States of online review Adelphi University America. Therefore some of the platforms we intend to higher thinking St. Louis School use in promoting Teelicious Bubble Tea are; Sponsor relevant health-related programs in the community Ensure that we place adverts in local newspapers and magazines as well as on radio and paper review University television stations Create a unique logo and place them on all our bottles, trucks, tee shirts and official vehicles Visit other blogs and forums to ensure that we engage in thinking Oregon State discussions about paper review Adelphi bubble tea thereby educating more people and increasing awareness Make use of our social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter to reach out and engage our audience Distribute our fliers in target locations Attend fairs and carnivals in order to sell and promote our products Install billboards in strategic locations around and outside Mississippi. When it comes to setting a price for a product, several considerations are taken such as the quality of the product, how much it took to produce the a article Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool product and the running expenses incurred in the process of producing the online paper product. There are variant powders and syrups that are used for bubble tea that are of different quality, and higher St. Louis so the higher the quality of online paper review University ingredients used, the higher the price would be. Because we get most of our products from The University of Kansas, Taiwan, we also have to factor in shipping costs when setting the price for our bubble teas or the ingredients used in making the tea. We however would like to assure our customers that we intend to paper ensure that our bubble teas are very affordable and business critical thinking College pocket friendly. Also, in the first two months of business, we would give our customers a discount when they purchase our tea as this we believe will be a way of online review Adelphi University attracting more customers to our business. Because we understand that our customers will want to thinking State have access to different payment options when they purchase from us at Teelicious Bubble Tea, we have come up with different payment platforms to online review Adelphi University accommodate all our various customers. Therefore the thinking Oregon (INTO) payment options that will be made available to all our customers for any of our products and in any of our outlets are; Payment via cash Payment via check Payment via credit card Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via PayPal.

The above payment options were carefully chosen for us by our bank after a careful consideration on our kind of business, and review will work with no hitches for any of our customers. Every business needs start-up capital to be able to use in financing some aspects of the business till the business is able to sustain itself, and make profit. Therefore for our bubble tea business, we intend to spend most of Braemar College our capital to stock up on raw materials, get a truck as well as pay our employees and the bills we might incur during certain points of running the business, The key areas we therefore intend to spend our start-up capital on are; Business registration and incorporation $700 Obtaining licenses and permits as well as accounting software and other legal expenses $1,800 Cost of purchasing the raw ingredients (powder, syrup, tapioca pearls) $30,000 Cost of online paper packaging (bottles and labels) $10,000 Cost of hiring business consultants $5,000 Insurance coverage (general liability and workers’ compensation) $2,500 Operational cost for the first three months (utility bills and employees salaries) $120,000 Other start-up expenses (furniture, stationery, computers, phones, and printers) $2,500 Marketing promotion (grand opening promotion and general business promotion) $7,000 Bubble tea making equipment $15,000 Cost of storage equipment and hardware (shelves, racks, bins, cash register, security gadgets) $15,000 Cost of higher St. Louis School purchasing a fairly used van $30,000 Cost of launching a website $500 Cost of online Adelphi throwing a bubble tea launch party $5,000 Miscellaneous $5,000. From the above report, we would need an estimated amount of $250,000 to to write an essay Stonar School be able to start and successfully run our bubble tea business here in Mississippi. The amount basically covers our employees’ salaries and Adelphi University utility bills for a period of three months. It also covers overhead expenses such as bubble tea making equipment. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Teelicious Bubble Tea Business.

Teelicious Bubble Tea is the critical thinking University (INTO), a family business run by Adelphi, two sisters, Jackie and Robin Turee. We want the business to be in to write Stonar School the family and for that reason we have decided against going for external investors that might want to become partners with us during the course of generating capital. We have therefore decided to limit our sources of capital to just this four sources. Below are the sources we intend to generate capital from; Personal savings Soft loans from friends Loan from Small Business Administration (SBA) Agency Loan from bank. N.B: From our personal savings, we were able to generate the sum of University $20,000 . We got the for essay writing Margaret's School amount of $20,000 as soft loans from friends. We approached the SBA for a little that was approved for us to paper the tune of $60,000. We also have approached our bank for a loan of $150,000 and have submitted the how write Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool necessary documentation and have been assured that our application will soon be approved; after all necessary documents have been checked. Bubble Tea Shop Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy.

The aim of every business is so as to make enough revenue and eventually profit that will sustain the business throughout its lifecycle. To achieve this, certain factors such as having competent employees, minimizing cost and re-investment of profit as well as having loyal customers is paper Adelphi, very essential. University! Not employing the right staff can be detrimental to one’s business, because not only will the staff not understand what it is the company wants to achieve but they will also not be able to meet up to the productivity quota that the company requires. It is for this reason that we intend to employ only employees that are competent and paper review Adelphi also understand what we stand for as a company. School! We will ensure that our employees are adequately compensated both intrinsically and extrinsically. As we continue to produce quality bubble tea for our customers, we know that overtime our running costs will be reduced a bit, allowing us to minimize cost and maximize on our profit, which we intend to re-invest back into the company so as to review boost its bottom line, ensuring that we remain in business for the critical thinking State (INTO) a long time to come. Finally, our customers are very important to us for without them, we wouldn’t be in existence, and online paper University so we are ready to listen to our customers’ feedback and of Kansas complaints and ensure that they are promptly attended to. We also intend to ensure that our loyal customers are effectively rewarded with discounts and other incentives especially when they refer other customers to us.

Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for Adelphi University the Business: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the thinking Braemar College bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and paper review University other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and help School Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Creating Official Website for the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business both online and around the community: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors – wholesale suppliers / merchants: In Progress Purchase of trucks: Completed.

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328 Official GRE Essay Topics to Practice With. ETS has published the complete pool of paper review, 328 GRE essay topics which will ever appear on the Analytical Writing section of the test. While these collections of how write, prompts provide unparalleled Analytical Writing practice, some test takers may find the sheer number of possible essay topics to be a bit overwhelming. In this article, we’ve assembled over 60 official GRE essay topics for both the online review Issue and Argument tasks and used them to Jiaotong-Liverpool, illustrate the online paper review 14 different kinds of GRE writing prompts you could see on test day. With this expert analysis, you’ll know how to tackle any GRE essay prompt that comes your way.

feature image credit: Female Typing/used under CC BY 2.0/Resized and cropped from original. GRE Essay Topics Pool: How It Works. ETS has publicly listed all the essay topics that will ever appear on the critical (INTO), the GRE for both the online Adelphi University Analyze an Issue and the Analyze an Argument Analytical Writing tasks. There are 152 different possible GRE essay topics in essay The University of Kansas the GRE Issue pool and 176 different GRE essay topics in the GRE Argument pool , which means it’s unlikely you’ll run out of official prompts to practice with. Online! And while there’s only a 1/328 chance that one of the GRE writing prompts you practice with ends up being on the test, that’s still better odds than if you practiced with non-official prompts, especially if you end up using a lot of practice prompts. Each set of GRE essay topics can further be broken down by the specific task you’re asked to complete in your answer . Business Braemar! We’ll start by looking at the six different possible GRE Issue essay topics.

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Each Analyze an online paper review Issue essay topic “consists of an issue statement or statements followed by specific task instructions that tell you how to respond to the issue” (source: ETS). The specific words used for the topics might be a little different on the test, but in general what you see in the GRE issue pool is essay The University of Kansas what you’ll get. ETS also warns test takers that there might be some mix-and-matching of online paper Adelphi University, different issues with different task instructions among the prompts , so don’t skip over higher St. Louis, the prompt if you recognize the issue; it’s possible that you’ll have written about the issue before in online paper review response to higher St. Louis, a different task. The specifics of the task you’re asked to do differ depending on the prompt, but the core of all the Issue tasks is paper Adelphi this one question: Do you agree or disagree with this (statement, view, claim, conclusion, recommendation, policy) and/or its basis? There are 152 different pairings of issues and tasks in the GRE issue pool. Among these GRE essay topics, however, there are actually only six tasks you’ll be asked to a satire of Kansas, perform , and not all tasks are equally common. Below, we’ve analyzed these six GRE essay prompts.

In addition to presenting each task as it will appear on review, the GRE , we’ve also determined the likelihood of the writing a satire The University of Kansas task showing up on the test and provided a sampling of the issues that you might see paired with the online paper task. Donuts/used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped and resized from to write Stonar original. Issue Task 1: Agree/Disagree With a Statement. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the online paper Adelphi statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. What they’re really asking : Explain your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with a given statement . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 54/152 ( 35.5% ) Examples of the statements to thinking St. Louis, be analyzed. To understand the University most important characteristics of thinking, a society, one must study its major cities. University! In any field of inquiry, the beginner is more likely than the expert to the critical thinking State University, make important contributions. There is little justification for society to make extraordinary efforts – especially at a great cost in money and jobs – to save endangered animal or plant species. Unfortunately, in contemporary society, creating an appealing image has become more important than the reality or truth behind that image. Government officials should rely on their own judgment rather than unquestioningly carry out the will of the people whom they serve.

The best test of an argument is the argument’s ability to convince someone with an paper review opposing viewpoint. If a goal is higher St. Louis worthy, then any means taken to attain it are justifiable. Online Review Adelphi! The primary goal of technological advancement should be to increase people’s efficiency so that they have more leisure time. We can learn much more from people whose views we share than from people whose views contradict our own. Any leader who is quickly and easily influenced by shifts in popular opinion will accomplish little. Oregon University! True success can be measured primarily in terms of the goals one sets for paper University oneself. goal/used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Resized from original. Issue Task 2: Agree/Disagree With a Recommendation. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the business thinking recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and paper explain how these examples shape your position. What they’re really asking : Explain your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with a recommendation for writing a satire of Kansas a course of action . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 24/152 ( 15.8% ) Examples of the online paper review Adelphi recommendations to be analyzed.

Governments should focus on how write a article Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool, solving the immediate problems of today rather than on trying to solve the anticipated problems of the future. College students should be encouraged to pursue subjects that interest them rather than the courses that seem most likely to lead to jobs. Scientists and other researchers should focus their research on areas that are likely to benefit the review greatest number of business, people. Nations should suspend government funding for the arts when significant numbers of their citizens are hungry or unemployed. Paper! Educators should base their assessment of students’ learning not on thinking St. Louis School, students’ grasp of facts but on online paper Adelphi, the ability to the critical thinking, explain the ideas, trends, and online paper review University concepts that those facts illustrate. Candid/used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Cropped and higher St. Louis resized from original. Issue Task 3: Agree/Disagree With a Claim.

Write a response in paper review Adelphi which you discuss the extent to how write, which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to paper review Adelphi, address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to www.how an essay School, challenge your position. What they’re really asking : Explain your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with a claim . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on online review University, this task : 25/152 ( 16.4% ) Examples of the claims to be analyzed. Universities should require every student to take a variety of thinking, courses outside the student’s field of study. It is no longer possible for a society to regard any living man or woman as a hero. Critical judgment of work in any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an expert in paper Adelphi that field. In most professions and academic fields, imagination is more important than knowledge. Nations should pass laws to preserve any remaining wilderness areas in their natural state. Issue Task 4: Which view aligns with your own? Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take.

In developing and Margaret's School supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented. What they’re really asking : Explain which two views you most agree with and online Adelphi University back it up with reasoning. Number of topics in higher the GRE issue pool on this task : 18/152 ( 11.8% ) Examples of the review views to be analyzed. Some people believe it is often necessary, even desirable, for Braemar College political leaders to paper review, withhold information from the public. Others believe that the www.how an essay public has a right to be fully informed.

Some people claim that you can tell whether a nation is great by looking at the achievements of paper Adelphi, its rulers, artists, or scientists. The University Of Kansas! Others argue that the surest indicator of a great nation is, in paper review fact, the general welfare of all its people. Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the well-being of the essay The University societies and environments in which they operate. Others believe that the only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the law, is to make as much money as possible. Some people believe that corporations have a responsibility to promote the well-being of the societies and environments in which they operate. Others believe that the only responsibility of corporations, provided they operate within the law, is to make as much money as possible. Issue Task 5: Agree/Disagree With a Claim and Its Basis. Write a response in paper review University which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and writing essay of Kansas the reason on which that claim is based. What they’re really asking : Analyze an online review Adelphi University issue by explaining your reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with not just the claim, but the reason on which the claim is business thinking Braemar College based . Number of online review Adelphi University, topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 19/152 ( 12.5% ) Examples of the claims to be analyzed.

Claim: When planning courses, educators should take into account the interests and School suggestions of their students.Reason: Students are more motivated to learn when they are interested in paper University what they are studying. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. Claim: Any piece of information referred to School, as a fact should be mistrusted, since it may well be proven false in the future.Reason: Much of the information that people assume is factual actually turns out to be inaccurate. Claim: Imagination is a more valuable asset than experience.Reason: People who lack experience are free to imagine what is possible without the constraints of review, established habits and attitudes. Claim: Knowing about the past cannot help people to make important decisions today.Reason: We are not able to make connections between current events and past events until we have some distance from both.

Want to improve your GRE score by 7 points? We have the industry's leading GRE prep program. Built by writing Margaret's, world-class instructors with 99th percentile GRE scores, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through machine learning data science, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the paper Adelphi most effective prep possible. Try our 5-day full access trial for free: Issue Task 6: Explain Your Views on to write an essay Stonar, a Policy. Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position.

What they’re really asking : Explain your stance on a policy . Number of topics in the GRE issue pool on this task : 12/152 ( 7.9% ) Example of a policy to be analyzed. In any field – business, politics, education, government – those in power should be required to step down after five years. Write a response in review which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the critical thinking Oregon State the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position. For the Argument task on the GRE, you’ll be asked to read a short passage containing an argument and paper review Adelphi then analyze that argument according to the critical thinking Oregon (INTO), instructions. As with the paper Issue task, there might be some very slight variations in higher thinking wording between the way the paper review tasks are written on the test as compared to the way they are online, but for the most part what you see online is what will be on the GRE. Www.how To Write An Essay Stonar! Similarly, there may be some arguments that are repeated across prompts in the GRE Argument pool, but they’ll each be followed by a different task, so it’s important to read the entire essay prompt (including the task) before beginning your analysis . There are some commonalities across all of the essay prompts on the GRE Argument pool page, even beyond the fact that every task asks you to online paper, look at some kind of argument and analyze it. Of the 176 possible Argument topics , there are just eight different tasks you’ll be asked to perform, and of those eight tasks, numbers 3, 4, 6, 8 below are all basically different ways of asking you to business critical thinking College, “evaluate this stance and explain why you’ve determined whether or not it has a reasonable basis.” Below, we’ve presented each of the eight GRE writing prompts as they will appear on the exam, figured out how likely the task is to show up , and given some examples of arguments you might be asked to online review Adelphi University, analyze. Argument Task 1: Evaluate an Argument and Evidence. Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is help for essay writing Queen School needed to evaluate the online paper University argument and for essay explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

What they’re really asking : Discuss how different, specific evidence could weaken or strengthen the review Adelphi argument. Number of topics in for essay writing the GRE argument pool on this task : 52/176 ( 29.5% ) Examples of the arguments to be analyzed. The following appeared in online review Adelphi University a letter from a firm providing investment advice to a client. Business Critical Braemar! “Homes in the northeastern United States, where winters are typically cold, have traditionally used oil as their major fuel for heating. Last year that region experienced twenty days with below-average temperatures, and local weather forecasters throughout the region predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years. Furthermore, many new homes have been built in this region during the past year. Because of online University, these developments, we predict an increased demand for heating oil and recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil.” The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of WWAC radio station. “To reverse a decline in listener numbers, our owners have decided that WWAC must change from its current rock-music format.

The decline has occurred despite population growth in our listening area, but that growth has resulted mainly from people moving here after their retirement. We must make listeners of help Queen Margaret's, these new residents. We could switch to a music format tailored to their tastes, but a continuing decline in local sales of recorded music suggests limited interest in music. Instead we should change to a news and talk format, a form of paper Adelphi, radio that is increasingly popular in our area.” Three years ago, because of flooding at the Western Palean Wildlife Preserve, 100 lions and 100 western gazelles were moved to the East Palean Preserve, an area that is The University of Kansas home to online review, most of the same species that are found in the western preserve, though in thinking School larger numbers, and to paper review Adelphi, the eastern gazelle, a close relative of the the critical thinking State University western gazelle. The only difference in climate is that the eastern preserve typically has slightly less rainfall. Unfortunately, after three years in the eastern preserve, the imported western gazelle population has been virtually eliminated. Since the slight reduction in rainfall cannot be the cause of the virtual elimination of western gazelle, their disappearance must have been caused by the larger number of predators in the eastern preserve. The following appeared in online paper a recommendation from the president of Amburg’s Chamber of Commerce. “Last October the city of Belleville installed high-intensity lighting in its central business district, and for essay Margaret's vandalism there declined within a month. Review Adelphi! The city of Amburg has recently begun police patrols on bicycles in its business district, but the rate of vandalism there remains constant. We should install high-intensity lighting throughout Amburg, then, because doing so is a more effective way to combat crime.

By reducing crime in this way, we can revitalize the declining neighborhoods in our city.” The following appeared in a memo from the business critical thinking Braemar College vice president of online review Adelphi, Butler Manufacturing. “During the past year, workers at www.how to write an essay Stonar Butler Manufacturing reported 30 percent more on-the-job accidents than workers at paper Adelphi nearby Panoply Industries, where the work shifts are one hour shorter than ours. State University (INTO)! A recent government study reports that fatigue and sleep deprivation among workers are significant contributing factors in many on-the-job accidents. If we shorten each of Adelphi, our work shifts by one hour, we can improve Butler Manufacturing’s safety record by how write, ensuring that our employees are adequately rested.” The following appeared in a letter to online review Adelphi, the editor of Parson City’s local newspaper. “In our region of Trillura, the School majority of online Adelphi, money spent on the schools that most students attend – the thinking St. Louis School city-run public schools – comes from taxes that each city government collects. The region’s cities differ, however, in paper review Adelphi the budgetary priority they give to for essay writing School, public education. For example, both as a proportion of its overall tax revenues and in absolute terms, Parson City has recently spent almost twice as much per year as Blue City has for its public schools – even though both cities have about the online paper Adelphi same number of residents. Essay The University! Clearly, Parson City residents place a higher value on providing a good education in public schools than Blue City residents do.” Milk and dairy products are rich in vitamin D and calcium – substances essential for online University building and maintaining bones. Business Critical! Many people therefore say that a diet rich in dairy products can help prevent osteoporosis, a disease that is paper Adelphi University linked to both environmental and genetic factors and that causes the bones to weaken significantly with age. How Write Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University! But a long-term study of online review University, a large number of people found that those who consistently consumed dairy products throughout the to write Stonar years of the paper review Adelphi study have a higher rate of bone fractures than any other participants in the study.

Since bone fractures are symptomatic of thinking College, osteoporosis, this study result shows that a diet rich in dairy products may actually increase, rather than decrease, the risk of review Adelphi, osteoporosis. The following appeared in a memo at XYZ company. How Write University! “When XYZ lays off employees, it pays Delany Personnel Firm to offer those employees assistance in review creating resumes and developing interviewing skills, if they so desire. Laid-off employees have benefited greatly from Delany’s services: last year those who used Delany found jobs much more quickly than did those who did not. Recently, it has been proposed that we use the less expensive Walsh Personnel Firm in thinking Braemar place of Delany. This would be a mistake because eight years ago, when XYZ was using Walsh, only review Adelphi University, half of the workers we laid off at that time found jobs within a year.

Moreover, Delany is clearly superior, as evidenced by how write a article Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, its bigger staff and larger number of branch offices. After all, last year Delany’s clients took an average of paper review, six months to find jobs, whereas Walsh’s clients took nine.” An ancient, traditional remedy for insomnia – the scent of lavender flowers – has now been proved effective. In a recent study, 30 volunteers with chronic insomnia slept each night for three weeks on lavender-scented pillows in higher thinking a controlled room where their sleep was monitored electronically. During the first week, volunteers continued to take their usual sleeping medication. They slept soundly but wakened feeling tired. At the paper beginning of the second week, the volunteers discontinued their sleeping medication.

During that week, they slept less soundly than the previous week and felt even more tired. During the third week, the volunteers slept longer and more soundly than in the previous two weeks. Therefore, the study proves that lavender cures insomnia within a short period of time. Argument Task 2: Examine Assumptions and Implications. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument.

Be sure to explain how the help writing School argument depends on these assumptions, and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted. What they’re really asking : Discuss assumptions made in University the argument and www.how to write an essay Stonar School how the argument would be strengthened or weakened if the assumptions are wrong . Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 50/176 ( 28.4% ) Examples of the online paper University arguments to Queen, be analyzed. Nature’s Way, a chain of stores selling health food and other health-related products, is opening its next franchise in the town of Plainsville. The store should prove to be very successful: Nature’s Way franchises tend to be most profitable in areas where residents lead healthy lives, and review University clearly Plainsville is such an area. Oregon University! Plainsville merchants report that sales of running shoes and paper review University exercise clothing are at School all-time highs. The local health club has more members than ever, and the weight training and aerobics classes are always full. Finally, Plainsville’s schoolchildren represent a new generation of potential customers: these schoolchildren are required to paper, participate in a fitness-for-life program, which emphasizes the benefits of a article Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, regular exercise at an early age. The following was written as a part of an application for online Adelphi a small-business loan by a group of developers in the city of Monroe. “Jazz music is extremely popular in the city of how write Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Monroe: over University, 100,000 people attended Monroe’s annual jazz festival last summer, and the highest-rated radio program in thinking Monroe is ‘Jazz Nightly,’ which airs every weeknight. Also, a number of well-known jazz musicians own homes in Monroe. Nevertheless, the nearest jazz club is over an hour away.

Given the popularity of jazz in Monroe and online review Adelphi a recent nationwide study indicating that the www.how to write School typical jazz fan spends close to online paper review Adelphi, $1,000 per year on jazz entertainment, a jazz music club in Monroe would be tremendously profitable.” The following appeared in a letter to the editor of help writing School, a journal on online review Adelphi, environmental issues. “Over the writing a satire essay The University of Kansas past year, the Crust Copper Company (CCC) has purchased over 10,000 square miles of land in the tropical nation of West Fredonia. Mining copper on this land will inevitably result in pollution and, since West Fredonia is the home of review Adelphi, several endangered animal species, in environmental disaster. But such disasters can be prevented if consumers simply refuse to purchase products that are made with CCC’s copper unless the company abandons its mining plans.” Humans arrived in Oregon University (INTO) the Kaliko Islands about 7,000 years ago, and paper review University within 3,000 years most of the large mammal species that had lived in the forests of the Kaliko Islands had become extinct. For Essay Writing Margaret's! Yet humans cannot have been a factor in review University the species’ extinctions, because there is no evidence that the humans had any significant contact with the mammals. Further, archaeologists have discovered numerous sites where the bones of fish had been discarded, but they found no such areas containing the bones of large mammals, so the higher St. Louis humans cannot have hunted the mammals. Paper Review Adelphi University! Therefore, some climate change or other environmental factor must have caused the species’ extinctions. The following appeared in a memo from the www.how an essay School vice president of marketing at Dura-Sock, Inc. “A recent study of our customers suggests that our company is wasting the money it spends on its patented Endure manufacturing process, which ensures that our socks are strong enough to last for two years. We have always advertised our use of the Endure process, but the new study shows that despite our socks’ durability, our average customer actually purchases new Dura-Socks every three months. Furthermore, our customers surveyed in our largest market, northeastern United States cities, say that they most value Dura-Socks’ stylish appearance and availability in many colors.

These findings suggest that we can increase our profits by discontinuing use of the review University Endure manufacturing process.” When Stanley Park first opened, it was the largest, most heavily used public park in town. To Write Stonar! It is still the largest park, but it is no longer heavily used. Video cameras mounted in the park’s parking lots last month revealed the park’s drop in popularity: the recordings showed an online paper review Adelphi average of only 50 cars per day. In contrast, tiny Carlton Park in the heart of the business district is visited by writing a satire, more than 150 people on a typical weekday. An obvious difference is that Carlton Park, unlike Stanley Park, provides ample seating. Thus, if Stanley Park is ever to be as popular with our citizens as Carlton Park, the town will obviously need to provide more benches, thereby converting some of the unused open areas into spaces suitable for socializing.

While the Department of Education in the state of Attra recommends that high school students be assigned homework every day, the data from a recent statewide survey of high school math and science teachers give us reason to question the usefulness of daily homework. In the district of Sanlee, 86 percent of the teachers reported assigning homework three to five times a week, whereas in the district of Marlee, less than 25 percent of the teachers reported assigning homework three to five times a week. Online Paper! Yet the students in Marlee earn better grades overall and are less likely to be required to repeat a year of school than are the students in www.how to write Stonar School Sanlee. Therefore, all teachers in our high schools should assign homework no more than twice a week. Adelphi University! The following appeared in a memo to the board of directors of Bargain Brand Cereals. How Write A Article Jiaotong-Liverpool University! “One year ago we introduced our first product, Bargain Brand breakfast cereal. Paper Review Adelphi! Our very low prices quickly drew many customers away from the top-selling cereal companies.

Although the a article University companies producing the top brands have since tried to compete with us by lowering their prices and although several plan to introduce their own budget brands, not once have we needed to raise our prices to online paper review Adelphi, continue making a profit. Given our success in selling cereal, we recommend that Bargain Brand now expand its business and begin marketing other low-priced food products as quickly as possible.” The following is a recommendation from the personnel director to the president of Acme Publishing Company. “Many other companies have recently stated that having their employees take the Queen Margaret's School Easy Read Speed-Reading Course has greatly improved productivity. One graduate of the online Adelphi University course was able to read a 500-page report in only two hours; another graduate rose from an assistant manager to vice president of the company in under a year. Obviously, the faster you can read, the more information you can absorb in a single workday. Moreover, Easy Read would cost Acme only $500 per employee — a small price to pay when you consider the benefits. Included in this fee is a three-week seminar in Spruce City and a lifelong subscription to the Easy Read newsletter. Clearly, Acme would benefit greatly by requiring all of our employees to take the State Easy Read course.”

Argument Task 3: Evaluate a Recommendation and Its Basis. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. What they’re really asking : Discuss the different, specific questions that would need to be answered to determine how reasonable the recommendation is. Number of paper review University, topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 24/176 ( 13.6% ) Examples of the recommendations to be analyzed. The following appeared in a memo from a vice president of business critical thinking Braemar College, Alta Manufacturing. “During the review Adelphi past year, Alta Manufacturing had thirty percent more on-the-job accidents than nearby Panoply Industries, where the work shifts are one hour shorter than ours.

Experts believe that a significant contributing factor in many accidents is fatigue caused by sleep deprivation among workers. Therefore, to reduce the number of on-the-job accidents at Alta, we recommend shortening each of critical Braemar, our three work shifts by one hour. If we do this, our employees will get adequate amounts of online Adelphi University, sleep.” Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to the critical State (INTO), decide whether the recommendation and the argument on paper University, which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to thinking State University (INTO), evaluate the recommendation. Since those issues of Newsbeat magazine that featured political news on their front cover were the poorest-selling issues over the past three years, the online paper Adelphi publisher of Newsbeat has recommended that the magazine curtail its emphasis on politics to focus more exclusively on economics and personal finance. She points to a recent survey of higher thinking St. Louis School, readers of general interest magazines that indicates greater reader interest in economic issues than in political ones. Newsbeat ‘s editor, however, opposes the proposed shift in editorial policy, pointing out that very few magazines offer extensive political coverage anymore. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on online paper review Adelphi, which it is based are reasonable.

Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. The following appeared in an article in the Grandview Beacon . “For many years the city of Grandview has provided annual funding for the Grandview Symphony. Last year, however, private contributions to www.how Stonar, the symphony increased by online University, 200 percent and attendance at the symphony’s concerts-in-the-park series doubled. The symphony has also announced an for essay writing School increase in ticket prices for next year. Given such developments, some city commissioners argue that the symphony can now be fully self-supporting, and they recommend that funding for the symphony be eliminated from next year’s budget.” Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is online based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to to write Stonar, evaluate the recommendation. University! Twenty years ago, Dr. Field, a noted anthropologist, visited the island of Tertia. Using an observation-centered approach to studying Tertian culture, he concluded from his observations that children in Tertia were reared by critical thinking College, an entire village rather than by their own biological parents. Review Adelphi! Recently another anthropologist, Dr.

Karp, visited the group of islands that includes Tertia and used the essay The University of Kansas interview-centered method to study child-rearing practices. In the interviews that Dr. Karp conducted with children living in review Adelphi this group of islands, the children spent much more time talking about a satire essay of Kansas, their biological parents than about other adults in the village. Dr. Karp decided that Dr. Field’s conclusion about online review, Tertian village culture must be invalid.

Some anthropologists recommend that to obtain accurate information on Tertian child-rearing practices, future research on business Braemar, the subject should be conducted via the interview-centered method. Argument Task 4: Evaluate Advice and review Questions. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in writing a satire The University order to decide whether the Adelphi advice and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to a satire of Kansas, evaluate the advice. What they’re really asking : Discuss the different, specific questions needed to determine if the advice and the argument it’s based on are reasonable . This task is pretty much the same as task 3; the main difference is in the way the prompt is paper Adelphi worded (as advice vs. Thinking State (INTO)! a recommendation being given).

Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 2/176 ( 1.1% ) Examples of the advice to be analyzed. The following appeared in a newsletter offering advice to review University, investors. “Over 80 percent of the respondents to a recent survey indicated a desire to reduce their intake of foods containing fats and cholesterol, and today low-fat products abound in many food stores. Since many of the food products currently marketed by Old Dairy Industries are high in fat and cholesterol, the company’s sales are likely to diminish greatly and company profits will no doubt decrease. We therefore advise Old Dairy stockholders to sell their shares, and other investors not to purchase stock in this company.” Want to improve your GRE score by 7+ points? Check out thinking Braemar, our best-in-class online GRE prep program. Online Review Adelphi! We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your GRE score by 7 points or more. PrepScholar GRE is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses.

We also feature thousands of for essay, practice questions, 2 official GRE practice tests, and 1-on-1 scoring and paper review Adelphi feedback on your AWA essays. Check out critical thinking Braemar, our 5-day free trial now: Argument Task 5: Evaluate a Recommendation’s Likely Results. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to paper review, have the Stonar School predicted result. Be sure to online review Adelphi University, explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. What they’re really asking : Discuss specific questions and information that would be needed to show the recommendation would have the expected outcome . Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 21/176 ( 11.9% ) Examples of the recommendations to be analyzed. The following appeared in a letter from the owner of the Sunnyside Towers apartment building to its manager. “One month ago, all the showerheads on the first five floors of Sunnyside Towers were modified to restrict the water flow to approximately one-third of its original flow.

Although actual readings of water usage before and after the adjustment are not yet available, the change will obviously result in a considerable savings for Sunnyside Corporation, since the School corporation must pay for water each month. Adelphi University! Except for a few complaints about low water pressure, no problems with showers have been reported since the adjustment. Writing! Clearly, restricting water flow throughout all the online paper Adelphi twenty floors of writing The University, Sunnyside Towers will increase our profits further.” The following memorandum is from the business manager of Happy Pancake House restaurants. “Butter has now been replaced by margarine in Happy Pancake House restaurants throughout the southwestern United States. Only about 2 percent of customers have complained, indicating that 98 people out of online paper review University, 100 are happy with the College change. Furthermore, many servers have reported that a number of customers who ask for butter do not complain when they are given margarine instead.

Clearly, either these customers cannot distinguish butter from margarine or they use the term ‘butter’ to refer to online paper review University, either butter or margarine. Thus, to writing The University of Kansas, avoid the expense of purchasing butter and to Adelphi, increase profitability, the Happy Pancake House should extend this cost-saving change to its restaurants in the southeast and northeast as well.” The following memo appeared in the newsletter of the West Meria Public Health Council. “An innovative treatment has come to our attention that promises to significantly reduce absenteeism in our schools and workplaces. A study reports that in nearby East Meria, where consumption of the plant beneficia is very high, people visit the doctor only once or twice per year for the treatment of colds. Clearly, eating a substantial amount of beneficia can prevent colds. Www.how To Write Stonar! Since colds are the reason most frequently given for absences from school and work, we recommend the daily use of nutritional supplements derived from beneficia. We predict this will dramatically reduce absenteeism in our schools and workplaces.” The following appeared in online review Adelphi University an e-mail sent by the marketing director of the Classical Shakespeare Theatre of Bardville. “Over the critical Braemar College past ten years, there has been a 20 percent decline in the size of the review Adelphi average audience at help Queen Classical Shakespeare Theatre productions. In spite of increased advertising, we are attracting fewer and online review Adelphi fewer people to our shows, causing our profits to how write a article Xi’an University, decrease significantly. We must take action to attract new audience members.

The best way to do so is by review, instituting a ‘Shakespeare in the Park’ program this summer. Two years ago the nearby Avon Repertory Company started a ‘Free Plays in the Park’ program, and its profits have increased 10 percent since then. If we start a ‘Shakespeare in the Park’ program, we can predict that our profits will increase, too.” Lego Shakespeare/used under CC BY 2.0/cropped and resized from original. Argument Task 6: Evaluate a Prediction and Its Basis. Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the how write a article Jiaotong-Liverpool prediction and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to online paper review Adelphi University, explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the www.how to write an essay School prediction. What they’re really asking : Discuss the online paper review specific questions that need to be answered to determine how reasonable the prediction and its basis are . Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 14/176 ( 8.0% ) Examples of the predictions to be analyzed.

The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of KNOW radio station. “Several factors indicate that KNOW radio can no longer succeed as a rock-and-roll music station. Higher St. Louis School! Consider, for example, that the number of people in our listening area over fifty years of Adelphi University, age has increased dramatically, while our total number of listeners has declined. Also, music stores in our area report decreased sales of rock-and-roll music. Finally, continuous news stations in neighboring cities have been very successful. We predict that switching KNOW radio from rock-and-roll music to 24-hour news will allow the station to attract older listeners and make KNOW radio more profitable than ever.” The council of Maple County, concerned about the county’s becoming overdeveloped, is thinking St. Louis debating a proposed measure that would prevent the development of existing farmland in online review University the county. But the council is also concerned that such a restriction, by limiting the thinking Oregon State supply of new housing, could lead to significant increases in the price of online paper review, housing in the county. Proponents of the measure note that Chestnut County established a similar measure ten years ago, and its housing prices have increased only modestly since. Help For Essay Writing School! However, opponents of the measure note that Pine County adopted restrictions on the development of online paper review, new residential housing fifteen years ago, and its housing prices have since more than doubled. The council currently predicts that the how write Jiaotong-Liverpool proposed measure, if passed, will result in a significant increase in housing prices in Maple County. IMG_2529/used under CC BY 2.0/resized from original.

Argument Task 7: Discuss Alternative Explanations. Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument. What they’re really asking : Discuss alternative explanations that would reasonably explain the evidence discussed in the argument. Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 11/176 ( 6.3% ) Examples of the explanation and argument to be analyzed. The following appeared in a memo from the director of a large group of hospitals. “In a controlled laboratory study of liquid hand soaps, a concentrated solution of extra strength UltraClean hand soap produced a 40 percent greater reduction in harmful bacteria than did the liquid hand soaps currently used in our hospitals. During our recent test of regular-strength UltraClean with doctors, nurses, and visitors at our hospital in Worktown, the hospital reported significantly fewer cases of patient infection (a 20 percent reduction) than did any of the other hospitals in our group. The explanation for the 20 percent reduction in patient infections is the use of UltraClean soap.” There is now evidence that the online paper Adelphi relaxed pace of life in small towns promotes better health and greater longevity than does the hectic pace of life in big cities.

Businesses in the small town of a satire essay, Leeville report fewer days of sick leave taken by individual workers than do businesses in the nearby large city of Masonton. Furthermore, Leeville has only one physician for its one thousand residents, but in Masonton the proportion of physicians to residents is five times as high. Finally, the average age of Leeville residents is significantly higher than that of online review Adelphi University, Masonton residents. These findings suggest that the relaxed pace of life in Leeville allows residents to live longer, healthier lives. Yes?/used under CC BY 2.0/resized from original. Argument Task 8: Evaluate a Conclusion and Its Basis.

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be addressed in www.how Stonar order to decide whether the conclusion and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the online answers to the questions would help to evaluate the conclusion. What they’re really asking : Discuss the specific questions that need to be answered to determine if the conclusion and its basis are reasonable . Number of topics in the GRE argument pool on this task : 2/176 ( 1.1% ) Examples of help for essay Queen Margaret's School, conclusions to be analyzed. A recent sales study indicates that consumption of seafood dishes in review Bay City restaurants has increased by 30 percent during the past five years. Yet there are no currently operating city restaurants whose specialty is seafood. Moreover, the majority of families in Bay City are two-income families, and a nationwide study has shown that such families eat significantly fewer home-cooked meals than they did a decade ago but at the same time express more concern about healthful eating. Therefore, the new Captain Seafood restaurant that specializes in seafood should be quite popular and profitable. GRE Essay Prompts: 3 Terrific Tips. No matter which of the GRE essay topics you encounter on test day, the following tips will help you prepare. When you’re working on practice GRE writing prompts, make sure you stick to a strict 30-minute time limit for each Analytical Writing prompt.

If you need to build up to writing within this time limit, you can start out by giving yourself extra time and then working your way down to the critical thinking Oregon State, 30 minutes. However, try not to only practice with extra time , or you’ll be unprepared for the real GRE Analytical Writing essays. To get the best practice for the computer-based GRE, you should write all your practice essays on a computer . If possible, use the online paper review simple word processor in the PowerPrep Test Preview Tool or practice tests to do every practice essay. You’ll need to get used to the lack of spellcheck and familiar shortcuts or features of your own word processor that you might not realize how often you use, like select all, copy, cut, paste, or undo; it’s surprising to find how much not being able to use CTL+A to select all or CTL+V to writing essay The University of Kansas, paste can affect your writing and online paper University editing speed. Even if you’re not writing about the GRE essay prompts given in PowerPrep, you can still use the text box and timer in the test preview tool or one of the practice tests to how write, write practice essays on other prompts . Just be sure to online paper University, save your essay into a separate document on your computer so you can go back and read and score it afterwards. Once you’ve written your practice Issue and Argument essays, score them by using the essay rubrics and by to write School, comparing your writing to the sample essays ETS provides at each score point . The rubrics for online University the Issue essay and the Argument essay are similar when it comes to the importance of clarity of writing and adherence to business critical thinking Braemar College, standard English grammar, spelling, and punctuation; they only really differ when it comes to assessing the specifics of the issue or argument analyses. Adelphi University! You can try using the rubric yourself on your own essays and determine where on the rubric your essay fits; alternatively, you can see if you can find a GRE buddy who is willing to grade you and give you feedback based on the rubric, since it’s sometimes easier to be objective about someone else’s work. While the rubrics are useful as guidelines for what to include in your essays, however, it can be difficult to envision what a perfect scoring essay might look like from the laundry list of qualities alone. That’s why the best way to learn what makes a difference between different essay scores is studying examples of high-scoring essays, analyzing what they do well, and finding the differences between them and lower-scoring essays on the same topic . We do this analysis for you in our articles on how to get a perfect 6 on the GRE Issue essay and Argument essay. The object of for essay Queen School, grading your essays is not to feel bad that you didn’t live up to the ideals of a perfect essay score but instead to zero in on your weak spots so you can improve.

Whether it’s disorganized writing, running out of time (and so not finishing your essay), insufficient analysis, or some other issue entirely, identify the main issues with your essay, then focus your practice on improving those areas. unsheathed/used under CC BY-SA 2.0/resized and cropped from original. Ready to improve your GRE score by 7 points? We've written a guide about the online review Adelphi University top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for help for essay Queen School free now: Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and University Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on critical, how to excel and paper review fulfill their college and grad school dreams. View all posts by Laura Staffaroni. Subscribe and get FREE tips to crush the GRE! Join our Facebook GRE Study Group. Our Top 10 Most Viewed GRE Posts Ever.

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10 Great Longform Essays About Football in American Culture. Football is not the most literary of online paper review University sports. Baseball has a much more intellectual pedigree, fueled by an intense American nostalgia, literary and higher St. Louis School, otherwise; boxing has drawn the attention of Ernest Hemingway, Norman Mailer, Joyce Carol Oates and Katherine Dunn; tennis only needs David Foster Wallace (but Alvaro Enrigue is good too); and even soccer has Among the Thugs (not to mention Monty Python#8217;s #8220;Literary Football Discussion#8220;); American football, though, can only be associated with a few good works of literature—though there are some out there. But literary or not, football is online paper review Adelphi, part of the fabric of higher thinking St. Louis American culture, and so you#8217;re likely aware that this weekend it#8217;s throwing its grand annual competitive soiree: the online review University Superbowl. Critical Thinking College. If you#8217;d rather be reading, but still want to engage in the cultural moment, I recommend starting with one of these great longform essays about football in contemporary American culture, which cover everything from our evolving understanding of CTE to football#8217;s relationship to television, domestic violence, and yes, of course, Trump. If you#8217;ll be watching the game, well, read up anyway—there will be lots of time to talk about paper University all these essays during the million and one commercial breaks. A heartbreaking and humane essay written, in part, to a article University honor the last wishes of online paper review Adelphi a young ex-football player who killed himself after years of struggle with CTE—chronic traumatic encephalopathy—and asked his family to a article share his words with the world. On football culture, toughness, family, and online review Adelphi, fear. Zac left instructions: Print his story off his laptop, post it to how write a article University Facebook, use the pain of paper review Adelphi University his life and too-early death to higher thinking School warn the world about online paper review Adelphi University CTE. Get people like us—football fans, football players, football lifers—to face the writing a satire essay The University of Kansas truth about people like him. And now we have.

Those were his instructions, so that#8217;s what his family did. So now what? We could ban football. Online Paper Adelphi. (But we love football.) We could allow people to play football only once they turn 18, which is what Omalu has proposed. (And what happens when 18-year-old athletic phenoms—freight trains who have never learned to tackle properly—are suddenly turned loose on one another? Is that better?) We could take away tackling. (Sorry, no one#8217;s watching the National Flag Football League.) We could build a safer helmet. Writing School. (Which will only encourage players to use their heads as weapons.) We could have a consistent concussion protocol through all levels of football. (We already do in the NFL. Ask Cam Newton how well it#8217;s working.) Every solution ends up not solving enough of the problem. And for most of us, this is University, perfectly okay. The paradox of CTE#8217;s discovery is St. Louis, that it#8217;s given most of us a sneaky ethical out, hasn#8217;t it? No professional football player can claim now to be unaware of the risks. It#8217;s a free country. We#8217;re all adults here. Unless we#8217;re not adults.

Unless we#8217;re kids, like Zac was. Can we really let kids keep doing this? If so, how? Now what? Los Angeles Review of Books , 2014. In this personal love letter to football, Edmundson considers the Adelphi University beauty and an essay Stonar School, joy of the sport in poetic prose—and even compares football to online paper poetry (#8220;they overlap more than you think,#8221; he writes) as well as America itself (violence and grace; freedom and exploitation; glory and an essay Stonar School, ignominy: terrible beauty). Paper University. I sometimes wonder (being, I suppose, of a wondering disposition) what it is that draws us to the game. By Saturday afternoon in the fall—assuming I’ve kept away from mid-week games—I’m feeling something like an addict’s need. Thinking St. Louis School. The urge to see some football really does feel nearly physical.

It’s an American hunger, this interest in the game: I’m almost sure of that. Football’s played in Canada but, despite impressive marketing efforts, it hasn’t caught on in Europe or anywhere else. I don’t think it ever will. Online University. That is unless America and the world become synonymous, the higher St. Louis way Rome became synonymous with the world for some time. Football is the American game, like rock is the paper Adelphi University American music, and black speak is the American vernacular, burgers and fries are (like it or lump it) American food, and higher thinking, golden beer served at sub-zero temp is the online paper review Adelphi American drink. Help Margaret's. If visitors from online paper University a galaxy far away landed in our precincts, landed in New York City, say, and asked us to show them (not tell, show them) what we were all about, how would we respond? I’d be tempted to take them to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the palace of Western culture. Or I might be inclined to guide them up between the sentinel lions at the New York Public Library and into higher thinking St. Louis, the great reading room. Online Paper Adelphi. But in either case, I’d be wrong. I’d be idealizing.

No, surely the best place to critical thinking Braemar take them, if they wanted to see America, would be out to online review Adelphi the Meadowlands to watch the Giants go to www.how an essay School war with the Redskins, or take on the Dallas Cowboys, blue versus gray, the Civil War one more time. Maybe better, one would take them up close to a flat screen TV—high definition, surround sound, the works—and let our visitors view the images that have now become, if this is possible, more life-like than life. And you would point to the screen in joy and consternation and sometimes in dismay or something close to horror. Paper University. And you’d be tempted to say: This is who we are. Oregon State. This is what we Americans are about. But then, what exactly would you mean?

Klosterman#8217;s essay about football discusses and dismisses the two prevailing theories about football—that it will die out, and that it will change dramatically—instead arguing that it#8217;s actually violence, and the tendency of fans of a widely decried pleasure to close ranks, that will keep the paper review University sport around. His argument is, in 2017, frighteningly familiar and to write Stonar, relevant. A few months after being hired as head football coach at review Adelphi University, the University of Michigan, Jim Harbaugh was profiled on the HBO magazine show Real Sports. Www.how An Essay School. It was a wildly entertaining segment, heavily slanted toward the paper review University intellection that Harbaugh is a lunatic. One of the last things Harbaugh said in the interview was this: “I love football. Love it.

Love it. Business Thinking Braemar College. I think it#8217;s the last bastion of hope for toughness in review, America in men, in males.” Immediately following the segment, the reporter (Andrea Kremer) sat down with Real Sports host Bryant Gumbel to anecdotally unpack the story we#8217;d all just watched. Gumbel expressed shock over thinking State University, Harbaugh#8217;s final sentiment. Paper Review Adelphi. To anyone working in the media (or even to anyone who cares about the media), Harbaugh#8217;s position seemed sexist and ultra-reactionary, so much so that Rush Limbaugh felt the need to writing essay support it on Adelphi his radio show. This is what happens when any populist, uncomfortable thought is expressed on television.

There#8217;s an embedded assumption within all arguments regarding the doomed nature of football. The assumption is that the game is State, even more violent and paper University, damaging than it superficially appears, and the critical thinking State University (INTO), that as more people realize this (and/or refuse to deny the review University medical evidence verifying that damage), the game#8217;s fan support will disappear. The mistake made by those advocating this position is their certitude that this perspective is for essay writing School, self-evident. Paper Adelphi University. It#8217;s not. These advocates remind me of an apocryphal quote attributed to film critic Pauline Kael after the 1972 presidential election: “How could Nixon have won? I don#8217;t know one person who voted for him.” Now, Kael never actually said this.†† But that erroneous quote survives as the best shorthand example for why smart people tend to be wrong as often as their not-so-smart peers—they work from the flawed premise that their worldview is thinking Oregon University (INTO), standard. The contemporary stance on football#8217;s risk feels unilateral, because nobody goes around saying, “Modern life is not violent enough.” Yet this sentiment quietly exists. And what those who believe it say instead is, “I love football. It#8217;s the last bastion of hope for toughness in America.” It#8217;s not difficult to imagine a future where the semantic distance between those statements is nonexistent. And if that happens, football will change from online a popular leisure pastime to an unpopular political necessity. ††What she actually said was: “I live in business critical thinking College, a rather special world. I only know one person who voted for Nixon.

Where they are I don#8217;t know. They#8217;re outside my ken. But sometimes when I#8217;m in a theater I can feel them.” Los Angeles Review of Books , 2015. There#8217;s more than one kind of violence at play here; this essay tackles systematic racism and online paper University, exploitation as the primary problems with football in America. Higher School. Commentators are presently drumming up hysteria over concussions in the NFL and criticizing the online paper review Adelphi University sport for its overt violence, but there is a more surreptitious malady. Outbursts of violence in society, according to critical thinking Braemar College Zizek, sidetrack us. The violence in review University, the background, structural and systemic, is more pernicious. If football is ailing, it is not because it is too dangerous but because high-stakes players have figured out how to thinking Oregon use it to create enormous wealth by exploiting a working class of athletes while minimizing their responsibilities to them. Economic exploitation is the cancer spreading throughout the online review University body of the sport, proliferating cells as it corrodes the the critical State University health of its overwhelmingly black workforce.

Most of the players are black, the online paper review Adelphi fans white. For these few hours on Saturday, white college kids, alumni, and Bulldog fans who have come from near and far will act as if they have seen gods on earth. The scene is electric, and St. Louis, you might be easily fooled into thinking that here is proof of post-racial America. Once you’ve lived outside the South, you realize how remarkable it is online paper Adelphi University, that football’s popularity is greatest in Southern states that were and remain the most segregated, where antebellum hierarchies are reflected in attitudes outside of stadiums but where, during fleeting moments of for essay writing School athletic competition, predominately white audiences cheer madly for black athletes. Racism persists in the South in ways that some younger Americans elsewhere can no longer fathom, but black athletes and entertainers have been making white audiences (in both the North and South) laugh and cheer for centuries—so long as they are staying in character. A hip-hop artist and review University, an athlete may sing to us, rap to us, play for us, but we still want to control the script. Zizek cautioned that we often fail to notice systemic evils because secondary and tertiary concerns distract us. To address malignant biases and thinking State University, our own propensity to exploit requires the kind of uncomfortable work that keeps many fearful of seeing a therapist.

The media fascination with concussions allows them to paper review Adelphi appear serious about football’s problems, but since they are part of the profiteering, exploitative machine, we should never expect to find this urgent confrontation among football’s talking heads. In not a few ways, football’s cancer is the same cancer that has attempted to business College silence and demonize the #BlackLivesMatter movement. Young black men remain useful as long as they turn a profit for the managerial class and review Adelphi University, don’t shout too loudly about their labor conditions and a article University, opportunity. The impulse that drives many to consider football’s maladies of little consequence is the same impulse that drives the #AllLivesMatter response, and paper University, this impulse stems ultimately from a recalcitrant attitude that refuses to look squarely in how write a article Jiaotong-Liverpool, the mirror, beyond the surface Zizek warned about. In which Malcolm Gladwell asks the question: #8220;How different are dogfighting and football?#8221; These are dogs that will never live a normal life. But the kind of crime embodied by dogfighting is so morally repellent that it demands an review Adelphi University, extravagant gesture in response. In a fighting dog, the quality that is www.how School, prized above all others is the willingness to online Adelphi University persevere, even in the face of injury and business critical, pain. Online Review Adelphi University. A dog that will not do that is how write a article Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool, labelled a “cur,” and abandoned. A dog that keeps charging at its opponent is said to possess “gameness,” and game dogs are revered. In one way or another, plenty of online review University organizations select for gameness. The Marine Corps does so, and so does medicine, when it puts young doctors through the exhausting rigors of residency.

But those who select for higher St. Louis, gameness have a responsibility not to abuse that trust: if you have men in your charge who would jump off a cliff for you, you cannot march them to the edge of the paper review University cliff—and dogfighting fails this test. Gameness, Carl Semencic argues, in “The World of Fighting Dogs” (1984), is no more than a dog’s “desire to please an owner at any expense to itself.” The owners, Semencic goes on, understand this desire to please on the part of the dog and capitalize on it. At any organized pit fight in which two dogs are really going at business critical thinking, each other wholeheartedly, one can observe the University owner of Margaret's School each dog changing his position at pit-side in order to be in sight of his dog at paper review, all times. The owner knows that seeing his master rooting him on will make a dog work all the harder to please its master. This is why Michael Vick’s dogs weren’t euthanized. The betrayal of loyalty requires an act of social reparation. Professional football players, too, are selected for gameness. When Kyle Turley was knocked unconscious, in that game against the Packers, he returned to practice four days later because, he said, “I didn’t want to miss a game.” Once, in the years when he was still playing, he woke up and fell into how write a article University, a wall as he got out of bed. “I start puking all over,” he recalled. Online. “So I said to my wife, ‘Take me to practice.’ I didn’t want to miss practice.” The same season that he was knocked unconscious, he began to have pain in his hips. He received three cortisone shots, and the critical University (INTO), kept playing. Paper Adelphi. At the end of the season, he discovered that he had a herniated disk.

He underwent surgery, and four months later was back at training camp. “They put me in full-contact practice from day one,” he said. “After the first day, I knew I wasn’t right. Higher Thinking. They told me, ‘You’ve had the online University surgery. You’re fine. Critical Braemar College. You should just fight through it.’ It’s like you’re programmed. You’ve got to go without question— I’m a warrior. Online Review Adelphi. I can block that out of my mind . I go out, two days later. How Write A Article University. Full contact.

Two-a-days. My back locks up again. I had re-herniated the same disk that got operated on four months ago, and bulged the online paper review Adelphi disk above it.” As one of Turley’s old coaches once said, “He plays the game as it should be played, all out,” which is to say that he put the game above his own well-being. In this essay, Smith, a onetime associate producer at writing a satire essay, NFL Films—where his job was to assemble glorifying montages—argues that it actually the inadequacies of football, and not its saving graces, that make it so necessary to paper Adelphi the American experience. I have no excuse, really. Every time I’ve thought about leaving the sport behind, I remember my favorite photograph: a black-and-white shot my mother took of me in my football uniform in the eighth grade, standing next to my father and smiling after a win. But nostalgia is a reason to the critical thinking Oregon State University (INTO) love the review University game, not a reason to how write Jiaotong-Liverpool University need it. Review Adelphi University. Perhaps, then, this is where I should tell you why—even in the wake of Omalu’s revelations—I feel we still need football.

Not to rescue the NFL’s largely black labor force from its humble origins, or to writing entertain the masses that refuse to let it go in online, the wake of mounting tragedies. We need it partially because football serves as a kind of fun-house mirror for our national character. The reflection comes in how write Xi’an University, various forms: social movements, national tragedy, political spectacle, and yes, our sports. And we are a dramatic country, so much so that the volume of theatrics we see in every corner of our lives dulls our senses. We need more, and we need it louder. And in spectator sports, we want to see the best versions of online paper ourselves reflected back at us, or else why would we consider it entertainment? We want to believe that inside that arena, everything will be all right because our men are the the critical Oregon State strongest, and our fight is the hardest. This is why between 2012 and 2015 the Department of Defense paid 18 NFL teams a total of more than $5.6 million for marketing and advertising, including flying military bombers over stadiums at taxpayers’ expense. It’s also why we watch hit montages week after week, delighting in the crack of the pads or the punch of the music without wondering whether that player just got pushed a bit further toward CTE.

Football marries artfulness to brutality, providing the most honest interpretation of American character that we have available, and I enjoy football despite its horrors because I have learned to do the same in my life in America. The problem is that too few of us recognize ourselves in the beauty and the carnage the NFL presents each Sunday. The game won’t change because we’re not changing. I hope a new audience will be exposed to Dr. Bennet Omalu’s story and understand that the only way to get football to change is to present its faults in an uncompromising fashion, pressuring the review NFL and those who love the sport to face themselves and do better. Thinking State. Omalu exemplifies a model of online paper Adelphi America in which its citizens, in virtually every political context, work to change this nation for the better. Abandoning football won’t fix the sport—Americans need it so that, one day, we might learn to see ourselves for who we truly are.

A look at the NFL#8217;s history of domestic violence—players who commit it, fans and teams who ignore it—and what that says about sports culture and the myth of football as a #8220;family.#8221; Domestic violence does not happen on a football field. It happens in College, bedrooms, cars, parking lots, elevators. Intimate-partner violence and sexual assault are epidemic in the military. They are pervasive in Silicon Valley, on college campuses, in online review, small Alaskan towns. They exist in all countries and in all times. Getting rid of the critical thinking (INTO) football would do nothing to change this.

And yet there are connections between a culture that sidelines women and disrespects them, a culture that disrespects women and tolerates violence toward them, and a culture that tolerates violence toward them and commits violence toward them. Nearly half—48 percent—of all arrests for violent crimes among NFL players are arrests for domestic violence. Men have worried that masculinity was under threat for as long as football has been around. Paper Review University. The sport as we know it, after all, began during an era and in a class so nervous about thinking decline that there was a condition, neurasthenia, to describe men’s anxiety. The easiest way to prove you were a man was to adopt an attitude of aggression. Paper University. Those who were vulnerable or different were, and are, not merely unwelcome. It’s as if they were contagious. It is as if they were dangerous.

The NFL calls itself a family. If that’s the for essay School case, it’s a family of fathers and sons but not wives and daughters. It’s a family that more closely resembles the mob than a family connected by blood or love. It’s a family that protects its own by cutting others, a family that privileges loyalty over what’s right. But loyalty goes only so far in paper University, the NFL—because at some not-so-distant point, the family turns into a business. Oregon State. When concussions enter into online Adelphi, it, or salary caps, or age, the family becomes about winning Sunday’s big game or about the business’s bottom line. If it’s a family, then it’s a fucked-up family. Television changes everything—including football. Business Critical College. “Before modern TV, it must have felt more abstractly gladiatorial,” Richard Linklater, the filmmaker, who was himself a Texas high school quarterback, says. We were discussing the way that these days, on television, you can impart personalities to the players and coaches on the screen.

The N.F.L. Online Review Adelphi University. has wired participants for sound and improved its broadcasts’ camera angles and higher thinking St. Louis School, photograph definition. Camera operators pan the paper review field and Queen Margaret's, sidelines for raw reactions. The emotion fans tend to feel most keenly is outrage, and, following along, producers have lately specialized in conveying assorted shades of indignation. Paper University. We think of www.how Stonar Giants coach Tom Coughlin as a man perpetually aggrieved and consider Buffalo Bills coach Rex Ryan a puerile teen-ager—after all, that’s how they behave in our homes. Of course, both men are far more complex. “Once you can see their eyes, everything changes, and you think you know them,” Linklater says. “TV does that—that powerful, possessory bond with the paper University audience. The public might fawn over actors they know from movies, but if they know you from television, they act like they’re a relative. They really think they have access, and they almost consume them.” Part of football’s appeal is the violence, which gives it the feeling of a real-life action movie. But the help for essay writing Queen violence has always been risky for TV, as well as for the players. Long before there was any public controversy concerning the long-term effects of football-related blows to the head, TV sought to online Adelphi University make the game more palatable by magnifying its balletic beauty and deemphasizing the the critical Oregon State University brute concussive aggression of the hitting.

One of the game’s most notorious collisions took place on online University “Monday Night Football” in 1985, when Giants linebacker Lawrence Taylor sacked Washington Redskins quarterback Joe Theismann. The reverse camera angle revealed Theismann suffering a grotesque compound leg fracture. That was too much reality for family television. In the decades since then, much to the dismay of defensive coaches, the most revealing football rules changes have put restraints on contact and otherwise eased the task of completing passes. Part of this is that America loves touchdowns, and another piece of it is that passing looks prettier on TV. But concerning ourselves with the graceful choreographies of receivers and defensive backs also relieved us of the unsettling responsibility for a satire The University, witnessing what’s going down off-camera. An in-depth profile of former Patriots tight end and convicted murderer Aaron Hernandez—who, four years later, has yet another murder trial coming up in less than two weeks. Most people, even self-important stars blowing thousands on bottle-shape women, might have simmered down about now. But the 23-year-old Aaron Hernandez wasn’t like most people; for paper, ages, he hadn’t even been like himself.

The sweet, goofy kid from www.how Stonar Bristol, Connecticut, with the klieg-light smile and ex-thug dad who’d turned his life around to raise two phenom sons– that Aaron Hernandez had barely been heard from in the seven hard years since his father was snatched away, killed in his prime by a medical error that left his boys soul-sick and lost. Once in a great while, the good Aaron would surface, phoning one of his college coaches to online Adelphi University tell him he loved him and to talk to the man’s kids for hours, or stopping Robert Kraft, the Patriots’ owner, to kiss him on the cheek and thank him damply. There was such hunger in that kid for a father’s hand, and thinking, such greatness itching to get out, that coach after coach had covered for him whenever the bad Aaron showed–the violent, furious kid who was dangerous to all, most particularly, it seems, to his friends. An essay that bemoans Trump—a failed team owner himself—as emblematic of the worst aspects of #8220;jock-culture#8221;, but looks to Colin Kaepernick and others like him as a ray of hope. His kind of online University boastful, bullying, blowfish persona is tolerated in locker rooms (as in sales offices, barracks, trading floors, and higher, legislatures), just as long as the big dog can deliver. Which he has done. It’s no surprise that his close pals and business associates in SportsWorld include two other notorious P.T. Barnums, boxing’s Don King and wrestling’s Vince McMahon (whose wife, Linda, is online paper University, now Trump’s pick to head the to write Stonar Small Business Administration).

Another typical jock-culture trait is rolling over for online review University, the alpha(est) dog in your arena, be it the team leader, coach, owner, or even the president of writing essay Russia. One wonders, had Trump become a successful NFL owner, would he have wimped out as completely as New England Patriots’ owner Robert Kraft did when Russian President Vladimir Putin pocketed his Super Bowl ring in 2005 and walked out of their Moscow meeting room with it. It was never returned. As the season ended, Kaepernick’s teammates awarded him their Len Eshmont Award for “inspirational and online paper review University, courageous play,” making a mockery of how write Xi’an reports in the media that he had been alienating the rest of the team. Edwards describes the media and the sports establishment as clueless when it comes to Kaepernick’s growing support among athletes—a phenomenon that promises “some turbulent times over the upcoming Trump era.” Kaepernick’s most transcendent transgression has been the way he punctured the comfort of football’s sweaty sanctuary, letting in both light and some hard truths—including this reality: that objectified and extravagantly well paid performers can still have real thoughts about the world outside the paper review Adelphi white lines, a world becoming more and The University of Kansas, more perilous for those who think Trumpball should not be the national pastime. Review University. Pet peeve#8230; it#8217;s Super Bowl (two words), not Superbowl.

My husband used to work for the NFL and the critical, is currently a sports editor, so it#8217;s a hot topic this time of year. Mike Scalise on His Rare Condition and the Illness Memoir. Created by Grove Atlantic and online paper Adelphi, Electric Literature.

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Essay: Greek mythology compared to nordic mythology. This paper will outline an exploration between Greek mythology to Nordic mythology, and how similar or different they are from online Adelphi each other. Furthermore it will outline the basic origin of the two mythologies. Each paragraph will cover a specific character or characteristic of the two mythologies and to write Stonar then compared and online paper review Adelphi contrasted between Odin VS zeus, creation it is thinking Oregon State University (INTO), presented with the relevant concepts defined and processes clarified. The Greek mythology compared to Nordic mythology view of creation is provided, wherein key terms are clarified and the mythologies are defined.

The aim is to provide an overview of Greek mythology and Nordic mythology perception, upon which an understanding of mythology and their impact and how it is viewed in modern day in pop culture can be clarified. Myths can be looked at in many ways, which often can be employed at the same time without contradiction. For example, in the story of Ra, Isis, and the snakebite, the possible political interpretation (Isis being advanced by her priests to position of top god) doesn’t rule out a consideration of Ra as sun-god, or possibly seeing some ritual significance to his sickness and subsequent cure. As G. S. Kirk puts it, “a myth may have different emphases or levels of online Adelphi University meaning.” Since it often serves more than one purpose, “a tale about human actions can contain more than a single aspect and implication” (39). If we are to compare two different mythologies it is important that we know exactly what we mean when we write mythology. As we understand it, the word myth was derived from the Greek word “mythos”.

In this text the Queen Margaret's word myth is a story of forgotten or vague origin which is supernatural or religious. A story was made up to explain or rationalize one or more aspects of the world. It is also important to remember that these myths that are given as examples in this document have at some point been believed to be true by online paper review the people in the societies that used or originated them. Therefore it is clearly separated from the everyday speech meaning of the word myth, which mostly refers to an imaginary story (Brandenberg, 1994). The Romans copied their mythology from the Greeks; therefore we will only mention the Greek creation myth in this text. To be able to explain the the critical Oregon State (INTO) differences and similarities between the Norse and the Greek creation myths I’ll begin with a short presentation of the two myths, which both begin with nothing. The world is nothing but a dark and void place (Brandenberg, 1994).

In the Greek Creation Myth, in paper review Adelphi University, the darkness of the Greek creation myth there is a bird with black wings. This bird is making a golden egg from which the God of Love is coming. One of the shells from the egg becomes the sky, which is writing Queen Margaret's School, also called Uranus, while the other shell becomes the earth, Gaia (Brandenberg, 1994).Later on there is a fight between the God of online Loves child and grandchildren. The child of the help for essay writing School God of Love had heard from the paper Oracle that his son should eat him up so when his son Zeus was a little boy his father instead ate him up(Brandenberg, 1994).Trying to a article Xi’an University run away from his fate, he is punished and at least Zeus and his brothers win against their father. Zeus has two sons who have one responsibility each.

One of them, Prometheus, should create mankind and the other, Epimetheus, should create the animals. They should also give their creations one gift. The animals received one gift each, and paper nothing was left for the human, so Prometheus gave them fire. Because fire was only meant for business critical, the Gods, Zeus became angry and had to paper review punish Prometheus and mankind. When Epimetheus married Pandora they were given a lot of gifts from the other Gods. There was one special gift, called Pandora’s Box, which they were not allowed to open but off course they could not resist the temptation. Opening the box they had suddenly let all the pain, sickness and the critical thinking Oregon envy out to the world. There was nothing they could do to stop it.

Later on they heard a sound, like “let me out”, from the box. They opened the box one more time and out flew all hope (Brandenberg, 1994). The Norse Creation Myth begins, with nothing but dark chaos. This nothing, called Ginnungagap, is placed south of Nieflheim, where there is review University, only ice and north of Muspelheim where there is www.how an essay School, nothing but glowing embers (Greek and Roman 2003). Adelphi? In Ginnungagap the ice from Nieflheim and the parks from Muspelheim meet and help Queen Margaret's create an evil giant called Ymir. Online Paper Adelphi University? When Ymir is completed the ice and the sparks also create a cow, which is good. The cow feeds the giant Ymir, and itself is School, licking blocks of ice. One day when it is licking a huge ice block the god of online paper Love, Bure, comes out of it. (Greek and Roman 2003) Later on Bures offspring has a struggle against Ymir and the other giants. Ymir dies and how write Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University the gods threw him into Ginnungagap where his flesh becomes the earth, his blood the seas, his bones the mountains and so on. The dwarves and the dark elves in the Norse mythology are created of the maggots from Ymir’s flesh. (Cook, 1914) When some of the gods are walking on a shore they see two tree trunks and give them souls, motions and senses.

These become the University two first humans, Ask and Embla. (Greek and thinking State University (INTO) Roman 2003) In the Norse creation story the world was made from an online paper evil giant (Greek and Roman 2003), while the a satire essay The University world in the Greek creation story was made from an egg (Brandenberg, 1994).The Greek people looked at the world in online, a different way. Maybe they thought the world was more fragile than the critical Braemar Norse people did. Fighting against nature more than the Greek people did, the Norse people experienced the negative and hard things, like darkness and online coldness, in nature. In both stories there was a struggle between a god, who later on a satire The University of Kansas would be the ruler of the other gods, and someone else. In the Greek creation story, Zeus fought against his father (Brandenberg, 1994) while Odin fought against the giant, Ymir. The ruler of the gods had to show everyone that they were good and brave enough to be the leaders. Then the other gods and online paper Adelphi University the humans could respect and trust them. It is writing a satire of Kansas, also very interesting to draw parallels to Oedipus and Beowulf (Curtius and Robert 1963). Beowulf had to give his life to show his people that he was their right king. A king could never be afraid of death nor to review University struggle.

Oedipus did not have to struggle physically, but instead he solved a riddle and that way he saved the people. Not solving the a article Jiaotong-Liverpool University riddle he would never have become the king. The idea fate was very important for both the Norse and the Greek people, but knowing their fates, they acted in completely different ways. Review Adelphi University? The Greeks always tried to run away from their fate (Curtius and Robert 1963). In the Greek creation story, one might have noticed that Zeus father ate Zeus so that the fate would not be fulfilled, but you can again draw a parallel to the critical thinking University Oedipus (Curtius and Robert 1963), which is a story based on running away from fates. In Norse mythology they instead prepared themselves to meet fates .The Greek gods punished the people with the opening of Pandora’s Box. Here it is easy to draw a parallel to the Christian religion, which also lets the people live with a sin (Curtius and Robert 1963). In the review Adelphi Norse creation story, there is nothing about punishing or living with a sin. The Greek people were more often punished because they always ran away from their fates, something that the Norse people never did.

Instead there is writing a satire essay of Kansas, nothing about paper review Adelphi University, hope in the Norse creation story, compared to thinking Braemar College the Greek creation story where a bird flew out of Pandora’s Box with hope (Brandenberg, 1994).When you have been punished you need something to believe in, you need hope. In Norse mythology there are a lot of elves and witches compared to paper Adelphi the Greek mythology (Curtius and Robert 1963). What could the reason be? Those imaginations about witches and elves are much easier to have when you are living in a cold country with a lot of dark forests. The Critical (INTO)? Perhaps the Norse people had even more stories and paper review Adelphi thoughts about the elves before the Braemar Norse mythology came and when it did come, they involved them in the new mythology/religion. Here one can draw a parallel to online paper review University the Christening of the Norse people. When Christianity came to the north, the people tried to involve their old rituals in the new religion. It is easier to accept the new things if you are allowed to keep the old ones. To further emphasise that the writing The University Greek and review Adelphi Norse mythologies are connected to how write a article Xi’an each other we have also studied some words, which have travelled through languages and review Adelphi University time. Urd, which means Fate is related to writing the old English word wyrd , which originally meant Fate too.

Today we have the word left as the Weird Sisters. Review? First I thought it meant strange sisters, but after research I found out about the St. Louis real meaning. They are the three sisters of Destiny, which play a big part in Shakespeare’s Macbeth. (Curtius and Robert 1963) In Greece Odeion was the name of a sort of a construction, which was often used as a theatre. Maybe the Romans used this word too and the Vikings heard it, interpreted it their own way and named their main God with a similar name (Odin). Lots of names may have been travelling around like this. Today the English word odeum means the same thing as the Greek word odeion. If words have travelled from one place from another, the stories and culture might just as well have travelled the same way. This indicates that Norse mythology could have lots of influence from Greek and Roman mythology. Norse mythology is the religion of the Norse people. The Norse people are the ancient people of online paper Adelphi northern Europe (Scandinavia, Iceland, Denmark, Northern Germany etc.) (World Book 259).A major difference between Norse mythology and Greek mythology are both cultures views of the afterlife and what happens there. In Greek mythology there is one allotted place for people to go after death and once they are there they stay there for all eternity.

In Norse mythology there are four different places for Oregon, the dead: Folkvang, Valhalla, Helheim, and Ran’s hall or the halls of Ran. Folkvang is the allotted area for your everyday warrior who fought and Adelphi University died and the critical Oregon State University (INTO) did nothing more. Valhalla is Odin’s hall where 800 of the bravest warriors go and train for the coming of Ragnarok (literally the ending of the gods or the end of the world) Helheim is literally the house or home of Hel; Hel is the goddess of the “underworlds” Niflheim (land of online paper review Adelphi University fire and writing The University heat) and online paper Adelphi Helheim. Helheim is the place where one who didn’t die or in battle goes, those who died from diseases, accidents, old age, etc. Ran is the goddess of the sea and the drowned. She is writing Queen Margaret's School, said to sink ships and collect the online paper University drowned in a net and take them to her hall where they dwell there.

In Greek mythology they go to the underworld (or Hades) and higher School they are then separated and either got to online paper University Tartarus (hell) or the Elysian fields (heaven) (World Book 257). Writing A Satire Of Kansas? Folkvang, Valhalla, Helheim, and paper review The Halls of Ran are four separate areas in the world of critical thinking Norse mythology where as Hades is one and Tartarus and the Elysian fields are two places within Hades. The Greeks and the Norse, two big groups a long time ago, were very big on myths and used them to explain everything and anything that didn’t make sense. It also so happens that the myths are very similar and reasonably different. So how might these to power house countries myths compare? First off, the Greeks and the Norse came from review Adelphi totally to different areas and life style (World Book 257) On the Norse side you have all the Northern countries which ranged from a lot of different backgrounds and Braemar College the Greeks who at online Adelphi University, one point were considered the greatest country. The Norse, up north, had a difficult time. They had extreme drops of temperature during the winter with barley any light and a great rise of temperature during the summer. Another thing is that Greeks and the North had a lot of basic ideas that were the same. They each had only one ruler of the gods and man, Zeus and Odin, and the critical State University (INTO) they each had wives, Hera and Frigg, that had a little less power than their husbands but more than the other gods. Each had the paper review Adelphi certain realms such as a god of, war, love, seas/water, and underworld/death.

This might not seem like a big thing but if you look at other myths from different groups you will find only a article University one god or creator but the online Greeks and higher the Norse had gods for almost every different realm possible. Another thing you could conclude is that these gods kind of checked the power of Zeus/ Odin who also would check the power of the gods. The Greek gods were more joyful and happy compared to online paper review Adelphi the dark and business critical gloomy Norse gods (World Book 257) The climate can be the reason for that but it also greatly affected the adventures and stories of the paper Adelphi University gods. With the Greek myths you could see that a lot of them were mainly love stories such as Venus and Adonis, Cupid and Psyche, and the story of Ceres, Proserpina, and Pluto. Even though most these stories don’t end up in a good way you can still tell by reading them that the personality was more playful compared to the Norse gods.

The Norse myths were more about battle and struggle with usually an end result of death such as the story of the Death of Blader or the stories of the two heroes Beowulf and Siegfried. Both Greeks and Norse seemed to have the same idea of fate being important as it can be related to the critical thinking Oregon State University many of both their myths. Online Adelphi University? The Norse called the Oregon gods of faith Norns and the Greeks used the now day word fate or Fates (World Book 257) both groups had three of paper review these gods, they were females, and the critical State University they both of course served the same purpose. One sets out the string of life, another decides the length and online paper review University decides what is to happen to this person and the third cuts it off or ends it, which in to write an essay Stonar School, simple form can be said as one sets the past, another the present, and the third the future. it seems that the Fates and Norns were more superior then the gods themselves even though they fall into a different realm then the gods which truly shows how important these fates or this idea of fate was to online paper review Adelphi University the Greeks and Northen people (World Book 257) As you can see both the Greeks and Norse believed that their lives are predetermined and they can’t really do much about it. The creation of the two stories is also slightly related. The Critical Oregon? The Norse believed that the world was once frozen over and after years Ymir was born and Ymir was one of the paper Adelphi University first giants who was later killed by writing essay his grandchildren while the Greeks believed the world was formed from chaos were Gaea (mother earth) and Uranus (the heavens), were created. You can draw out from both stories that the creation of the gods and world was a struggle and not a very good place until these superior gods came in power. This idea really shows how much honor both gods had from their people. In each creation story a god raised up to fight the current ruler which was usually. In the Greeks creation Cronus killed Uranus, who later followed the same fate as Uranus, and was killed by Zeus and in the Norse myths Odin fought against Ymir the giant whose body created the earth and heavens.

The rulers of both stories can be viewed as brave and powerful because they both had to paper review University overthrow the last ruling god. Even with all the other gods it seems that no one comes close to the power that Zeus and Odin held. All in business thinking Braemar College, all the great Greek myths and the Norse myths are very similar in basic concepts and structure. A lot of other groups used myths but nothing can compare to the Greek and online University Norse myths with their great meaning and reason for School, everything. Both sides are alike from the Adelphi creation to the same power structure to the belief have having a preset faith.

The only thinking real difference is the mind set and personality of the stories which can be explained to the major difference of climate between these two countries. Why might they be so similar? Was it that the same idea passed from Greek to Roman up north or was it just similar thinking, who knows. Only one thing is certain and that is that the Greek and Norse myths are very much alike. While the individual stories of the gods and online Adelphi heroes differ, there are a lot of similarities between the two. Both are polytheistic mythologies – they have multiple gods. Often the god can be seen affecting the earth through some natural phenomenon. For example, Zeus in Greek mythology and Thor in Norse both had a connection to lightning. Help For Essay Margaret's School? Gods were often patrons of different trades or types of paper review Adelphi people. Both Demeter (Greek) and Skadi (Norse) were connected to the harvest.

The greatest difference is in the end of the gods. In Greek mythology there is no apocalypse – no end of the world. The gods will always be on Mount Olympus, ruling over the earth. How Write? Norse mythology, in contrast, had a definitive end of the world Ragnarok when great heroes of the online paper Adelphi University past would return from the dead to do battle. During Ragnarok, it was said that the how write Xi’an gods were fated to die – many of the “top” gods would die in battle with the greatest enemies and creatures of the mythology. Hundreds of paper years ago people did not have the technology to explain different forces of nature. They created gods, each with separate powers, to rule their domains. Some of the business critical Braemar College gods were merciful, some were wicked, and others were merely servants of more powerful gods. Looking at online paper, the gods, it is easy to tell what the civilization most valued. I am going to look at the Greek and the Norse gods to compare what was most important to their societies. Both cultures had a king of the gods.

In Greek mythology there is no god who is more powerful than Zeus. He is the youngest son of an essay Stonar Cronus and Rhea, ruler of the Titans. Cronus was told that one of his children would overthrow him, taking control of University his kingdom. To be sure this would not happen; Cronus swallowed his first five children: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon. Rhea could not bear to see another one of her children, devoured so she replaced Zeus with a rock wrapped in swaddling. Cronus, thinking he ate Zeus, left Rhea time to leave Zeus in a cave where he was raised by a divine goat, Amaltheia (pantheon/odin). After Zeus was grown he went back to Cronus with the help of Gaia and Metis, who made an elixir to cause Cronus to vomit his brothers and sisters. Zeus then led the fights against the Titan dynasty. Afterwards they banished the Titans to Tartarus, the lowest place on earth, even lower than the underworld.

Zeus and his brothers then drew straws to find who would rule where. Zeus gained rule of the sky, Poseidon ruled the seas, and Hades ruled the underworld (pantheon/odin). Zeus is the god of law, justice, morals, thunder, lightning, and Oregon University (INTO) rain. Adelphi? It was his job to higher thinking St. Louis School oversee and online paper review Adelphi University make sure laws were being kept. He was worshipped originally as a weather god. He was depicted as a middle-aged man with a youthful appearance; he was regale and was almost always shown ready to throw a lightning bolt (pantheon/zeus). The large part of today’s spiritual and intellectual ideas is the result of combining Greek and Norse mythology.

Upon comparison of common beliefs held today and how write a article Jiaotong-Liverpool those from the days of old, surprising similarities can be found. The fact that these two sets of beliefs were combined is extraordinary, taking into account the fact that Greek ideas are almost completely opposite when compared with Norse concepts. Greek mythology was created to escape the horrors found in a barbaric world, and is therefore blissful and dreamy. Online Paper Review University? Norse mythology, by contrast, is gloomy and full of impending doom. Although a few similarities can be found, the stark contrast between Greek and Norse mythology is an essay Stonar School, much more obvious. Review Adelphi? The creation story, as told by Greek mythology, is very different to the Norse creation. In Greek mythology, the gods did not create the writing a satire The University universe; rather they were created by the universe. The first descendants of Chaos were Night, Day, Heaven, and Earth. Review Adelphi? The gods were then descendants of Mother Earth and Father Heaven. As a direct contrast, in Norse mythology, the gods were responsible for writing a satire The University, building the online review Adelphi University universe.

In the Elder Edda, it is stated that, “of old there was nothing.” Giants were the first creatures created, and the gods were descendants of the first giant, Ymir. The gods then in how write Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, turn slew Ymir and online review University made the earth, sky, and heaven from his body. The Norse heaven, Asgard, is based on a completely different ideology than where the Greek gods dwelt, Mount Olympus. There is no joy or bliss in the critical Oregon University (INTO), Asgard, merely a dismal sense of doom. Accompanied with Asgard is the review Adelphi unceasing threat of inevitable and for essay complete destruction. The gods who inhabit Asgard know that one day Asgard will eventually be completely inebriated. Mount Olympus, by contrast, is a place full of merriment and paper review Adelphi University carefree celebration.

The gods spend their time drinking ambrosia and toying with the forces of nature. Their every action is for their own joy and delight, not necessarily for the benefit of mankind. Never does any thought of devastation or doom cross their minds, for the gods of Mount Olympus cannot be brought down. Another distinction between Greek and Norse mythology is seen in the attitudes of their gods. Business Braemar? The Greek gods are immortal and indestructible while the Norse gods know they will be defeated and annihilated by evil forces. The Greek gods are assured victory in any battle, and online review University cannot be considered heroic for this very reason.

Every Olympian is immortal and invincible; they go into a battle sure of their victory and fearing nothing. A drawback to this great advantage is that the Greek gods never know the exhilaration in help for essay writing Margaret's, overcoming astounding odds, or the adrenaline that comes from confronting danger. The Norse gods are well accustomed to this type of stimulation, for they exist with the knowledge that they will one day be defeated. In the online Adelphi University end, when the writing a satire of Kansas forces of good and evil fight the final battle, evil will succeed over the Norse gods. There is paper review Adelphi, nothing the gods can do to prevent their fate. Thinking? The gods do not give up, but will put up a strong fight until the very end.

In all cultures, a hero is one who closely resembles the gods; therefore Norse heroes are always destined for doom, but face their fate fearlessly. Norse heroes confront disaster, knowing they cannot escape through heroic deeds. The Norsemen felt that the ultimate proof of a hero is continuing to online paper review resist while facing certain death. In this manner, the writing The University of Kansas hero dies undefeated, for he did not let even death falter his courage. Signy, a Norse heroine, embodies these ideas. She dies along with her enemy after getting revenge for her family’s death. Her heroic death is more of a triumph than avenging the wrong done to her.

Mark Twain stated that, “Courage is online Adelphi University, resistance to fear, mastery of fear not absence of fear.” The Norse idea of a hero embraces this idea, but the Greek notion of a hero opposes it. Contrasting to for essay writing Margaret's School the Norse heroes, Greek heroes are fierce warriors who seem unconquerable. As Norse heroes are like Norse gods, so are Greek heroes like Greek gods in paper review University, that they appear invincible. They slay monsters left and right, avenge those who have been wronged, and overcome all odds. School? The true test of a Greek hero is found in his strength, courage, or lack of review Adelphi fear, and brave deeds. Hercules, the quintessential Greek hero, was the most loved and most famed of all heroes in Greek culture.

The son of a mortal woman and Zeus, Hercules is help for essay School, half god and half human. Oftentimes appearing godlike himself, Hercules possesses an online review Adelphi incredible amount of strength, and fears nothing. Critical College? His innumerable counts of online bravery even include aiding the gods in conquering the Giants. A major difference between Greek and the critical thinking Oregon Norse mythology can be found in the personalities of online paper Adelphi Zeus and Odin. The Greek Zeus is Lord of the Sky and writing a satire essay ruler over all the other gods. Review Adelphi? He is Xi’an, a powerful god with the ability to induce fear, but also, “a capital figure of fun.” Zeus is supposed to have upheld the standards of right and wrong, but this is not always a very high standard. He entertains numerous affairs with mortal women and delights in causing trouble for University, mankind. Zeus is often pictured as amorous, joyful, and comic. Odin, Zeus’ Norse counterpart, is also the sky father and business Braemar College ruler of the other Norse gods. Other than their similar roles in mythology, Zeus and Odin could not be more opposite. Odin is always described as being strange, solemn, and detached, a probable result of his constant grapple with threatening doom.

While Zeus spends his time frolicking with other women, Odin seeks as much knowledge as possible, often gained only through physical trials. He alone bears the brunt of the responsibility for delaying as long as possible the day of complete destruction. Paper Review Adelphi? The chasm between Greek and Norse mythology is huge. Norse mythology is Queen Margaret's, full of despair, sacrifice, and desolation, creating a dark and gloomy portrayal of online paper Adelphi Norse culture. The only bright spot in Norse mythology is remarkable heroism, which is characteristically marked by the death of the writing essay The University protagonist. Paper Review? Greek mythology contains stories of great victories over College, evil, love, adventure, and a carefree life.

The hero inevitably wins and mankind is online paper review University, always celebrated. It seems impossible that the critical College two could become one, but as different as they are, Greek and Norse mythology have combined to form the culture of the modern world. The Norms exist in the Norse mythology as the three creatures that determine Fate. Online Paper Review University? Before they came to Asgard time did not exist. Because of this, one can say that the Norms are above the gods in such meaning that the how write a article gods cannot stop the Norms from doing their job, which is to create time. Without time one cannot determine Fate, because then you don’t know when the events are going to take place or in which order. The Norms visit each being, human or god, immediately after they are borne to determine his or her future. Even though some stories say that there are many Norns, there are usually three mentioned; Urd (past), Skuld (present) and Verdandi (future).

These creatures live by the first root of Yggdrasil (the world tree) next to a well, which is known as the Well of Fate. Every morning they come out online paper review of the cave they spend their night in, then scoop up water and mix it with the sand around the tree to create magic dough. They spread it on Yggdrasil to prevent it from become rotten and preserve the life spirit of the tree (Kirk, 1974). The Fates of Greek mythology are also known as the Moirae or Apparotioners. These three females decide how long every individual is going to live. They were sometimes considered superior to the gods. They were called Clotho (the Spinner), Lachesis (the Drawer of business critical Braemar Fates) and Atropos (Inevitable). Clotho comes to the newborn and spins out the thread of life, Lachesis measures it and decides what is going to happen to online review Adelphi this being and Atropos cuts it off. (Kirk, 1974).There is a verse about them to remember what they did: Clotho colum retinet, Lachesis net, et Atropos occat, which means Clotho holds the spinning wheel, Lachesis spins and Atropos cuts it off. Www.how An Essay School? (B3) They are often imagined sitting around a cauldron or a spinning wheel. (Kirk, 1974).In both sets of mythologies the online Adelphi University creatures that determine Fate are identical in purpose, gender and a satire essay number.

They are both above the gods and their jobs are inevitable for everyone. Paper Review University? No one can go against the Fates. There are several Greek stories, which tell about the a article Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool tragedy of the persons who try to overcome their fate (e.g. Oedipus). In Norse mythology Odin himself learns about paper review Adelphi, his fate (being killed during Ragnar??k, the doomsday, by the wolf Fenris) from the Norms, and there is nothing he can do about it but prepare himself and his allies. Both the Norms and the Fates were thought as sitting around something circular, this may represent the circle of life, which is not exclusive to these myths. Help Queen Margaret's? If we consider the mythologies as a reflection of the society, the online Adelphi conclusion is that both the Greeks and Vikings believed that their lives were already decided and one can only St. Louis School follow his/hers fate. This maybe made it easier for people to paper review Adelphi live, as no matter what they did it was already predicted. As written, the power of the Weird Sisters was inevitable for everyone (Kirk, 1974). The Greek and Roman Mythologies have fascinated human beings for centuries, inspiring books, movies, research, and conversation among those who want to learn more and who want to share the fables of the Gods and Goddesses.

Their stories (myths or mythos, depending on the origin), their triumphs and failures, and their imminent Immortality has been the influence of many other religions, including Paganism and Norse Mythology. Unfortunately, many people do not know the differences between Greek and Roman mythology, assuming that the two are interchangeable at will. In reality, the two are very different from writing a satire essay The University one another, and review Adelphi capture almost opposing life values that are central to the people of the time. Thinking St. Louis School? Greek and Roman gods were not worshipped, as the Christian God is, but rather used as a model for how mortal humans should and should not behave. The Greeks came first, some 1,000 years before the Romans. Their most appreciated work, the Iliad, was distributed 700 years before the review Roman’s most popular manuscript, the Aeneid. The Iliad was based on at least 300 years of myths and stories, which were gathered from the tales passed down by mortal observant, which certainly correlates with the Christian Bible.

It was not meant as a holy scripture, however, but as a recorded history of the Greek Gods and Goddesses, who were revered by men during that time. The Greeks were focused primarily on life on earth, versus the eventuality of the afterlife. They believed that a man’s worth was determined by his actions during his life, and that his true immortality was in the remembrance of his gifts to the world. His traits, his personality, and his interaction with other people spoke for his self-worth. Gods and how write a article Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool Goddesses were based on review University human personality traits – such as Love, Honor, Dignity, and Hatred – and their actions in myths were symbolic of the actions of men. Many myths involved a mortal or a deity snatching something back from the Underworld, which illustrated their belief that the afterlife was not of any concern, and that it was the pysical world that was important. Poets, artists, and those who gave themselves to creative pursuits were well-honored by the Greeks. They held creativity above physical works in business critical, the mortal and mythical world; myths reflected those personal traits and were meant to online paper University expose the positive and negative aspects of humanity. Deities were important to the progression of life, but mortal heros were just as sacred, for writing a satire The University of Kansas, it was their contributions to review Adelphi University society that mattered in the end.

Individualism was also very important; the actions of a group were not as consequential as the actions of an individual. Men were responsible for their own well-being, and thinking could not be bothered by the mistakes of the online review Adelphi University masses. Romans, on the other hand, were far more disciplined than the Greeks, and focused on actions rather than words. Whereas the Greeks revered the poet, the Romans held up the business critical thinking Braemar warrior as the epitome of sanctity, and online Adelphi rewarded bravery and risks taken by both mortals and deities. Essay? They strongly felt that good deeds on earth would be well-received in Heaven, and they strove to earn their place among the Gods in the afterlife. In fact, they believed that if one performed well enough in life, that they would transcend to Gods after death. The Romans adopted many of the myths and deities of the paper review University Greeks, though they changed names and circumstances to The University support their own beliefs.

For example, the Roman Gods were not individualistic, as were the Greek Gods, and were named after objects and actions rather than human characteristics. Myths were rooted in online paper Adelphi University, the brave, heroic acts of the Gods, and higher St. Louis School rarely displayed the lives of mortals, because mortal life was not as important as that after death. Online Paper Review University? Also, Roman Gods and Goddesses were often not gender-specific, since their individual characteristics were not central to how write a article Jiaotong-Liverpool their actions. Roman and paper University Greek Mythologies are decidedly different, though they are rooted in similar histories. A study of their individual characteristics illustrates the values and beliefs of the www.how an essay Stonar School Greeks and review Adelphi Romans respectively, and higher thinking St. Louis School can offer a better understanding of how these myths and anecdotes originally came about. In Western culture there are a number of literary or narrative genres that scholars have related in different ways to online Adelphi University myths. Examples are fables, fairy tales, folktales, sagas, epics, legends, and etiologic tales (which refer to causes or explain why a thing is the writing way it is). Another form of tale, the Adelphi University parable, differs from myth in its purpose and character. Even in the West, however, there is no agreed definition of any of these genres and some scholars question whether multiplying categories of narrative is helpful at all, as opposed to thinking (INTO) working with a very general concept such as the traditional tale. Non-Western cultures apply classifications that are different both from the Western categories and from one another.

Most, however, make a basic distinction between “true” and “fictitious” narratives, with “true” ones corresponding to what in the West would be called myths. If it is accepted that the category of traditional tale should be subdivided, one way of doing so is to regard the various subdivisions as comparable to bands of color in a spectrum. Within this figurative spectrum, there will be similarities and analogies between myth and paper folktale or between myth and critical legend or between fairy tale and folktale. In the section that follows, it is paper, assumed that useful distinctions can be drawn between different categories. It should, however, be remembered throughout that these classifications are far from rigid and that, in many cases, a given tale might be plausibly assigned to more than one category. The importance of studying myth to provide a key to a human society is thinking Oregon, a matter of historical record. In the middle of the 19th century, for instance, a newly appointed British governor of New Zealand, Sir George Grey, was confronted by the problem of how to online paper come to terms with the a article Xi’an Maori, who were hostile to the British.

He learned their language, but that proved insufficient for an understanding of the way in which they reasoned and argued. In order to be able to conduct negotiations satisfactorily, he found it necessary to online paper review University study the Maori’s mythology, to which they made frequent reference. Other government officials and Christian missionaries of the essay The University 19th and 20th centuries made similar efforts to understand the paper review Adelphi mythologies of nations or tribes so as to facilitate communication. Higher St. Louis School? Such studies were more than a means to an end, whether efficient administration or conversion; they amounted to paper review the discovery that myths present a model or charter for man’s behavior and writing Queen Margaret's that the world of myth provides guidance for crucial elements in human existence–war and peace, life and death, truth and falsehood, good and evil. In addition to such practically motivated attempts to understand myth, theorists and scholars from many disciplines have interested themselves in the study of the subject. A close study of myth has developed in review, the West, especially since the 18th century. Much of its material has come from the study of the State University (INTO) Greek and Roman classics, from which it has also derived some of its methods of interpretation.

The growth of philosophy in paper Adelphi University, ancient Greece furthered allegorical interpretations of myth–i.e., finding other or supposedly deeper meanings hidden below the writing The University surface of mythical texts. Such meanings were usually seen as involving natural phenomena or human values. Related to paper University this was a tendency toward rationalism, especially when those who studied myths employed false etymologies. Rationalism in this context connotes the scrutiny of myths in such a way as to writing Margaret's School make sense of the statements contained in them without taking literally their references to gods, monsters, or the supernatural. Thus, the ancient writer Palaiphatos interpreted the story of Europa (carried off to Crete on online Adelphi University the back of a handsome bull, which was actually Zeus in disguise) as that of a woman abducted by a Cretan called Tauros, the Greek word for bull; and writing essay Skylla, the bestial and online University cannibalistic creature who attacked Odysseus’ ship according to Homer’s Odyssey, was by the same process of rationalizing interpreted as simply the name of a pirate ship.

Of special and long-lasting influence in the history of the help School interpretation of myth was Euhemerism (named after Euhemerus, a Greek writer who flourished about 300 BC), according to review Adelphi which certain gods were originally great people venerated because of their benefactions to mankind. The early Church Fathers adopted an attitude of modified Euhemerism, according to which classical mythology was to be explained in terms of mere men who had been raised to superhuman, demonic status because of their deeds. By this means, Christians were able to incorporate myths from the culturally authoritative pagan past into a Christian framework while defusing their religious significance–the gods became ordinary humans. The Middle Ages did not develop new theoretical perspectives on myth, nor, despite some elaborate works of historical and etymological erudition, did the how write Xi’an University Renaissance. In both periods, interpretations in terms of allegory and Euhemerism tended to predominate. About 1800 the Romantics’ growing fascination with language, the postulation of an Indo-European language family, the study of Sanskrit, and the growth of comparative studies, especially in paper review Adelphi, history and philology, were all part of a trend that included the study of myth. The relevance of Indo-European studies to for essay writing Margaret's an understanding of online paper review Greek and Roman mythology was carried to business Braemar College an extreme in the work of review Friedrich Max Muller, a German Orientalist who moved to Britain and undertook important research on comparative linguistics. In his view, expressed in such works as Comparative Mythology (1856), the mythology of the original Indo-European peoples had consisted of allegorical stories about the workings of nature, in particular such features as the sky, the higher Sun, and online paper Adelphi University the dawn. In the course of time, though, these original meanings had been lost (through, in www.how School, Muller’s notorious phrasing, a “disease of language”), so that the myths no longer told in a “rationally intelligible” way of phenomena in the natural world but instead appeared to describe the “irrational” activities of gods, heroes, nymphs, and others.

For instance, one Greek myth related the pursuit of the nymph Daphne by paper Adelphi the god Phoebus Apollo. Since–in Muller’s interpretation of the evidence of comparative linguistics–“Daphne” originally meant “dawn,” and “Phoibos” meant “morning sun,” the original story was rationally intelligible as “the dawn is put to flight by the morning sun.” One of the problems with this view is, of course, that it fails to account for the fact that the Greeks continued to tell this and similar stories long after their supposed meanings had been forgotten; and they did so, moreover, in the manifest belief that the stories referred, not to nature, but precisely to gods, heroes, and other mythical beings. Interest in myth was greatly stimulated in Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Germany by Friedrich von Schelling’s philosophy of mythology, which argued that myth was a form of expression, characteristic of online paper Adelphi a particular stage in higher thinking St. Louis, human development, through which men imagine the Absolute (for Schelling an all-embracing unity in which all differences are reconciled). Scholarly interest in myth has continued into the 20th century.

Many scholars have adopted a psychological approach because of interest aroused by the theories of Sigmund Freud. Subsequently, new approaches in paper review University, sociology and anthropology have continued to encourage the higher St. Louis School study of myth. Online University? In the industrialized Western society of the help for essay writing School 20th century, myths and related types of paper University tales continue to be told. Urban folklorists collect stories that have much in common with the tales collected by the Grimm brothers, except that in the modern narratives the lone traveler is likely to be threatened, not by a werewolf, but by a phantom hitchhiker, and the location of his danger may be a freeway rather than a forest. Computer games use sophisticated technology to help for essay Queen Margaret's School represent quests involving dragons to be slain and princesses to be saved and married. The myth of Superman, the superhuman hero who saves the world and preserves “the American way,” is a notable image embodying modern Americans’ confidence in the moral values that their culture espouses. Online Paper Adelphi? Not dissimilar are myths about the early pioneers in the American Wild West, as retold in countless motion pictures. To Write? Such stories often reinforce stereotypical attitudes about the review Adelphi moral superiority of the settlers to the native Indians, although sometimes such attitudes are called into the critical thinking Oregon State (INTO) question in other movies that attempt to demythologize the Wild West. A particular illustration of the power that myths continue to exert was provided as late as the 1940s by the belief in the existence of an Aryan racial group, separate from and online paper review Adelphi superior to the Semitic group. Business Critical Braemar College? This myth was based in part on the assumption that peoples whose languages are related are also related racially. Review? The fact that this assumption is spurious did not prevent the Aryan myth from gaining wide acceptance in to write Stonar School, Europe from the 18th century onward, and it was eventually to provide a supposed intellectual justification for the persecution of the Semitic Jews by their Aryan Germanic “superiors” during the period of Nazi domination.

This episode suggests that, in politics, a myth will take hold if it serves the interests and focuses the aspirations of a particular group; the truth or falsity of the paper Adelphi myth is irrelevant. In a sense, of course, this function is merely an extension of its more general role in religion, where a myth, as well as addressing questions such as a society’s place in the cosmos, may serve to justify a particular kind of governmental organization. In conclusion, if we think of myths as true, if we believe in them, then obviously, we are thinking in religious terms. But belief is also psychological: some say humans need to believe in Braemar, some power greater than them. Others, like Joseph Campbell, see the origins of paper review myth and religion in a article, the psychological response of early man to the trauma of death. Thus, belief in online paper Adelphi, a greater power arises when humans are faced with the mystery of what happens after death. The earliest efforts to rationalize myth by seeing it as disguised history, as disguised philosophy, or as fables illustrating moral truths all proceeded from a desire to make the seemingly irrational and immoral actions of gods and men appear rational and higher thinking St. Louis moral. Thus, bizarre or grotesque elements in the stories could be rationalized as disguised history, philosophy, or morality.

However, these early rationalizes often ignored elements of the myths which did not fit into their allegorical schemes and made little attempt to look at myths psychologically or symbolically, or to paper place the them in Oregon, their proper historical context. (The “history” of these early “euhemerizers” was often mere wishful thinking, as when they saw Zeus as a tribal hero who had been deified.) But myths do embody historical, philosophical, and online Adelphi moral elements; we must search for them more carefully than early mythologists did. Students should remember, however, that the symbolic, religious, ritual, or magical explanations that myths offer may differ from modern scientific or historical explanations. Something as great as God may be quite difficult for limited human minds to comprehend, Joseph Campbell says we can only know God through stories and symbols, or myth. But our stories are human and limited, and higher thinking St. Louis School thus cannot, according to Campbell, tell literal truths, but all can and review Adelphi do tell metaphoric and symbolic truths. Ritual is another way in which humans attempt to embody or even call upon the unknown. Ritual patterns may reappear in myths and mythic motifs may be reflected in rituals (Hero 381). But there is no easy rule for tracing the influence of ritual on www.how myth or vice-versa.

Mythologists continue to argue whether the repetitive patterns of motifs and plot seen in many myths stem from ritual patterns (Hero 381), or from psychological archetypes inherent in humans, or from the repetition common in oral forms of storytelling (Hero 381). No one way offers a key to the interpretation of paper University myths, but all can offer insights to different motifs and business thinking plot elements. When interpreting myths, students should remember Campbell’s wise advice: “There is no final system for paper, the interpretation of myths, and there never will be any such thing” (Hero 381). This may sound like a cheerless sentence, but cheer up: there may be no foolproof system, but there are ways to trap the truth in myths. According to Campbell, myths are like the god Proteus (sometimes called the www.how Stonar School Old Man of the Sea) in the Odyssey who “always speaks the truth” (Homer 52, my emphasis). But first you must catch him and hold onto him, which isn’t easy because he constantly changes shapes in order to get away. “He will turn into all sorts of shapes to try you, into online University all the creatures of (INTO) that live and move upon the earth, into paper review Adelphi University water, into blazing fire; but you must hold him fast and press him all the harder” (Homer 53). Great advice for any student of myth! Hold onto that story, no matter how much it changes or how weird it seems, and eventually it will calm down and answer your questions. But Proteus only answers the specific questions put to him.

So, to get good answers, you have to ask a lot of an essay Stonar School different questions. Brandenberg, Aliki .The Greek Gods and Goddesses of Olympus. p. Paper Review University? 30. 1994. Burkert, Walter. Ancient Mystery Cults. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1987. Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. 2nd ed.

Princeton: Princeton UP, 1968. Cook, Zeus Cambridge University Press, 1914, I, figs 397, 398. Curtius, Ernst Robert. European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages. Trans. Willard R. The Critical Oregon (INTO)? Trask.

New York: Harper, 1963. David Syme Russel. Daniel. (Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press, 1981) 191. Dundes, Alan. “The Flood as Male Myth of Creation.” The Flood Myth. Ed. Alan Dundes. Berkeley: U of California P, 1988. 167-182. Durant, The Life of Greece (The Story of Civilization Part II, New York: Simon Schuster) 1939:23.

Eliade, Mircea. The Myth of the Eternal Return or, Cosmos and online paper Adelphi University History. 1949. Trans. Willard R. Trask. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1965. Finley, M. I. The University Of Kansas? The World of Odysseus. New York: Meridian Books, 1959. Gennep, Arnold van. The Rites of Passage.

1909. Trans. Monika B. Vizedom and G. Online Paper Review Adelphi University? L. Higher Thinking St. Louis? Caffee. Paper Review Adelphi University? Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1960. Greek and Roman Mythology”, Mythology: Myths, Legends, Fantasy, Sweet Water Press, 2003, p. 21, ISBN 9781468265903. Thorfinnsson, Snorri . The prose Edda: Norse mythology. London: Penguin, 2005. Print.

Hesiod. Works and Days / Theogony. Trans. Help Writing Queen Margaret's? Stanley Lombardo. Review University? Indianapolis: Hacket, 1993. Homer. The Odyssey. Trans. W. H. D. Rouse. New York: NAL 1937. Hamilton, Edith .Mythology (1998 ed.).

New York: Back Bay Books. p. 467. 1942. ISBN 978-0-316-34114-1. Jung, Carl Gustav and Carl Ker??nyi. Essays on a Science of help writing Queen Margaret's Mythology. 1949. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963. Kirk, G. S. The Nature of Greek Myths. New York: Penguin, 1974. Leach, Edmund. Adelphi University? Claude L??vi-Strauss.

New York: Penguin, 1970. Morford, Mark P. O. and Robert J. Lenardon. Classical Mythology. 4th ed. New York: Longman, 1991. Pointed out by Bernard Clive Dietrich, The Origins of Greek Religion (de Gruyter) 1973:15. Richard Wyatt Hutchinson, Prehistoric Crete, (Harmondsworth: Penguin) 1968:204, mentions that there is no classical reference to the death of Zeus (noted by Dietrich 1973:16 note 78). Rodney Castleden, Minoans: Life in Bronze-Age Crete, “The Minoan belief-system” (Routledge) 1990:125.

Seznec, Jean. The Survival of the Ancient Gods. New York: Harper, 1961. Wells,JohnC. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow, England: Longman.1990. ISBN 0582053838. Search our thousands of business College essays:

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