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How to journal critique Rossall School Write a Killer Software Testing QA Resume That Will Turn Into an thinking Trafalgar Interview Call. Can you write a masterpiece of a software testing resume that will turn into an interview call? If not, read on. I’m sure after reading this article you will be able to article School write a killer flawless software testing and how to a journal article quality assurance resume that will definitely turn into an interview call. Your resume is the journal article critique School very first step in any job application process.
It’s an opportunity to seo article writing service Cheltenham College advertise yourself and demonstrate that you are the best person for the available position. Getting an article critique School interview call depends on how you present your skills in resume or CV. What You Will Learn: How Much Time Do You Get to Impress Employer? Software testing market is becoming very competitive and getting the article Seneca College job is Rossall, even more difficult. Write A Newspaper College? For a single QA job positions recruiters are getting hundreds of quality assurance tester resumes. You must stand out from the crowd and writing a good resume is the very first opportunity to journal article critique Rossall School do so. Recruiters don’t have time to read all the resumes througly.
Your resume will be quickly scanned within 20 to 30 seconds. Yes, you get hardly 20 to 30 seconds to persuade your employer to take the decision if to call you for an interview. Does that make sense? To make a first good impression on how write essay, prospective employer you must represent yourself effectively on first page of your resume, rather the first half page of your resume is very important to make or break it. I see so many candidates pay very little or no attention to write a good resume. They just copy and article critique Rossall School paste others resume without even bothering to change the interests and hobbies. Remember, no matter how talented you are, if you don’t present your skills properly in resume, no one is going to see your talent. How to Make a Great First Impression From Your Resume or CV?
Many candidates write whole story about themselves without thinking what employer’s want. First focus on promote critical thinking Castle, employer’s need. Read the job openings carefully. Article Rossall School? Note down all the job requirements. Promote Critical Thinking Trafalgar? Judge yourself based on these requirements. Prepare list of your skills matching with job requirement and article Rossall highlight these skill on Seneca College, first page of your resume. How to article critique Rossall Maximize Your Chances of Getting an Interview Call?
Make sure you have a clearly stated job objective mentioned on top of your resume. Keep it short one or two lines and avoid writing irrelevant cliches. How Write Essay Stonar? Freshers always needs to keep different versions for different jobs. E.g.: If you are applying for software testing position highlight software testing skills at prominent place in your CV. Writing a Killer Software Testing Resume or CV: Here I’ll answer most commonly asked questions while preparing software testing fresher resume/experienced testing resume.
What if you don’t have software testing experience? If you are a experienced software tester then you shouldn’t have any problem writing your project details. How freshers looking for software testing job can get relevant experience? 1) The answer is simple. Get some experience by working on dummy projects available on internet. Search for online dummy projects (e.g. Inventory management software) and download test software and all available documents. Follow complete testing process like: requirement analysis, writing test cases, executing test cases, logging defects and, preparing test reports. If possible get your work evaluated from experienced software testing professionals. If you have joined any software testing course to learn manual testing and automation tools then you can put this dummy project experience in your resume, which may range from 1 to 6 months.
This way you will have at least some experience to put in journal article critique Rossall School, your resume rather than keeping the essay about writing College experience section entirely blank. This will be an added advantage from other freshers resumes. How to write project details in tester/QA resume? In job experience section write details of projects you worked on. Rossall School? Write project details with following headings: Project name: (Optional) Client name: Project description: (Brief project overview in 2-3 sentences) Environment: (mention software coding language, testing tools etc.) Team size: On job accomplishments: (mention all key responsibilities) Many candidates ask “What should I put in resumes if I’ve gap in seo article writing Cheltenham, my career?” Don’t hesitate to put the journal article critique valid reason for any gap in critique a journal University, your career.
Also you shouldn’t have any problem getting job after gap in article School, your career. There could be thousands of reasons for write Seneca career gap like – enjoying holiday, relocation, handling family business, skill upgrade, maternity etc. Be honest and I’m sure you will easily convince interviewer about your career gap. On-the-job-accomplishments on first page of your resume: Convince employer that you have problem solving skill by giving some real time examples from your work experience. Clearly state what was the problem and how you solved that problem at article critique Rossall workplace. Prepare some solid examples to support your claims. You can put these examples in essays in college The Regent’s International, your resume also. Also be ready to answer all relevant questions asked by interviewer for your accomplishments. E.g: “When I joined so and so project in my company I saw the work was ad-hock and there wasn’t any standard software testing process. I took initiative building a standard software testing process that fits our project needs.
By this streamlined process we managed our time effectively and started concentrating more on main software testing tasks”. Mention relevant modules/subjects you studied. This will matter most for freshers. Article Critique Rossall? For software testing positions candidates having computer networking and system administration skills are preferred. If you studied any subject or completed any course related to computer networking and system administration then add it in you resume. Seo Article Writing Cheltenham College? If you have Linux/Unix operating system knowledge then put it in relevant-skills section of your resume. Software testing certifications and training: Software testing certification is an added advantage for all testing and article critique Rossall School QA positions. Rather, testing certifications like ISTQB, CSTE etc. are mandatory criteria for most of the companies. Always keep learning and writing Hudson equip yourself with necessary tools and skills so that you will never face any job problem in future.
If you have completed any software testing course or diploma after your graduation or post graduation then put it under “skill upgradation” section of your resume. How to learn software testing skills to put in journal critique Rossall School, resume? IF you don’t have necessary relevant skills to add in your resume then learn those skills online. Like for essay software testing jobs learn defect tracking and journal article critique test management tools. You can get all open source software testing tools online. Write College? Download widely used open source tools and start practicing at home.
1) Learn TestLink test management tool online: TestLink online. You can practice everything on Rossall, above demo TestLink page. Once you get good hands on experience on TestLink tool you can put this skill in your resume. 2) Search for online version of Bugzilla defect management tool or download and install Bugzilla defect management tool on write article Seneca College, your home PC. Learn how to add and article School manage defects in Bugzilla. Once you get basic knowledge of this tool you can add this tool under “Defect management tools” skill section. This way you can learn many automation tools online. Sample Software Testing Resume Essential Parts: – Personal details (Name, email and of Southampton contact) at Rossall School the top.
– Career objective – not more than two lines. – Educational qualification – in reverse chronological order (Latest education first) – Skill upgrade details – like testing certifications, training, computer networking and System administration skills. – Work experience – in detail for critique a journal article each employer and project. – Interests and School significant achievements. – Additional personal information like marital status, Passport details etc not more than 3 details. Tips for Writing Effective Software Testing Resume: Software testing resume format tips.
1) Keep CV brief but comprehensive in how to critique a journal University of Southampton, expression. 2) Keep in mind – Single spelling error is sufficient to reject your resume. Spell check for journal Rossall School twice. 3) CV should be easily readable. 4) Make a clear job objective. 5) Highlight relevant skills. 6) Do not put fake experience or skills. 7) Focus on College, what employer’s need and prepare your resume with relevant skills you posses. 8 ) Always think from employer’s perspective. Think what recruiter will expect from the job position.
9) Avoid table structure. Use tables to mention your qualification and skills only. 10) Do not write resume more than 3 pages unless you are applying for team lead or managerial positions. 11) Do not add irrelevant personal details like age, height, weight, father’s details etc. 12) No need to write ‘Curriculum Vitae’ or ‘Resume’ word at the top of your resume. 13) Do not use word “I” while describing project responsibilities. E.g: Instead of “I wrote test cases..” use “Wrote test cases…) 14) Make sure you write your name, email address and phone number on top of the resume. 15) While writing education always start with recent education first. 16) Write qualification details with columns – Education/Qualification, School/College, Year, Percentage/Grade, Class.
17) Write relevant skills and article School on-job-accomplishments on first page of your resume and work experience, educational details on second page. Most important – Be ready to explain everything you put in your resume. On request you must present necessary examples to interviewer. Only writing a good resume is a newspaper article Seneca College, not sufficient. Before applying for article critique Rossall School software testing jobs you need to write an write essays The Regent’s School, Bangkok effective software testing job cover letter as well. The topic “how to write a good cover letter before applying for software testing jobs” will be covered in coming articles.
Hope I’ve detailed each and every aspect to write a killer software testing resume. School? Now you should not face any difficulties writing a effective software testing CV. If you need help, please put your queries in comments. If you like this article please share with friends. Subscribe to email newsletter to thinking Trafalgar get Software Testing Tips. really killer article :) got everything I need to update in my QA cv. Really fantastic article… Hi… Really great article.. Journal Article? which helps a lot to create and update the resume.. I have a doubt can you clear it up, if a person discontinued his studies in +2, for some personal reasons and continued completed graduation in open University, but now expert in Manual testing working in a software concern have 7 years of experience could he be able to look for a change in a journal article of Southampton, another company how could this be handled in the resume. (Educational Qualification).
Please clarify. This is the Really great information for everybody. Thanks. Awesome explanation…thanks lot. Thank you boss for article critique Rossall School all of your advice. If you attach a sample CV with cover letter (according to your direction) ,it will be helpful for many of us.
Hi….thanks a lot for giving such an Stonar awesome way to School make a resume killer. I hope it will help me. Beautiful, precisely written article. :) good article, i get all information which i want to prepare my testing CV. thanks a lot……… Its really a very helpful article. Seo Article Writing Cheltenham? i want to ask one more question : how the fresher can write there dummy software testing experience briefly in the resume . pl expidit……… hi ,its really nice information regarding CV.i hav completed my BE computer in article critique School, 2008 n working as a lecturer in college .i taught software testing 2 times.i have theoretical knowledge .but dont hav practical knowledge.how can i improve it.can i get job in how write Stonar, testing?i need ur help. for job seekers. the important point is to avoid putting fake experience in journal School, resume. Really some candidates are spoiling this testing industry with fake resumes. Writing Hudson College? Remember you will never be satisfied in your job if u get job with fake experience. Now companies are hiring third party agencies for background check. Good to see initiative by Vijay to educate candidates for NOT putting fake experirnce.
Keep it up. Good luck! very very useful and concise. Thanks! attractive article and realy helpful. It is Rossall, nice for jobseekers for critique a journal University get good opprunities .but attach a sample resume is very helpful for us. I have one doubt our eductional qualification need to write in Rossall, table or not… i also expect your help for future. Remember even the interviewers read through such websites, to know tricks used by candidates to Stonar School update resumes.
Be Careful and All the Best. yes, this is good one. but i confuse about what will i write in acadmic project details, please help me. Am a commerce graduate,passed in 1997. Worked for finiancial and insurance companies. Now presently working for Rossall a software comapny as quality analyst for the last two years. Writing Hudson College? want to change company. Can anybody suggest me,how to journal article critique Rossall do this. Its good .I hope future help also. Man, I hate to burst your bubble but you don’t have the foggyiest notion of write in college International School,, how to write a resume or how brutal the article critique current job market is. My employer moved all our jobs to essay Stonar Shanghai leaving 78 of us without income. Forced to enter the market, I found that employers are increasing skills experience every year and will not talk to anyone without it.
Employers are very specific in their needs (eTrade, eCommerce, Mutual Fund / Stock trading, Mortgage Banking, just to name a few) and if you don’t have it, they won’t talk with you. Since mid-2008, employers have been asking for multiskilled persons (BA, Software development, Software Test, cross-site developmentskills Management) and pass you over article School if you don’t have all they want. Essay About College? I seen employers take 8 months to article School fill a position. Seo Article? 9 of 10 employers don’t even acknowledge that you applied to journal critique School the position, don’t provide contact information and if you do manage to track them down and get past HR, they are openly hostile at the intrusion on their privacy. Simply going out and getting experience on critique University of Southampton, dummy projects is lame. Rossall? And putting your interests and critical thinking School objective on journal, the resume is how to, a turn off to HR and managers; they don’t give a damn what you want. And if the experts are correct that you have 20 seconds to impress the reader, what good is project details? You put in enough information to interest them in journal article School, calling you. Employers want you productive as soon as your butt hits the chair and you had better have all the requirements they demand because there is no learning anything on the job today. Seo Article? Haven’t you noticed that most employers are only doing contract?
I don’t mean to sound harsh, but this is the reality of the market today. And even temp agencies don’t really care how good you are if you don’t exactly match the job requirements. And have you noticed that recruiters don’t rewrite resumes before they are submitted? One told me that it’s a waste of time because of the candidate screening software used by HR. You are cruel to mislead these poor souls into article Rossall School thinking that your prescription for write a newspaper article College a resume will get them ahead in journal article critique School, the world. Look, A large number of them want you to write the resume and cover for them because they haven’t a clue of how to how to critique of Southampton do it. The “Take Away” from this is, “If you don’t have the experience, you can’t get the experience !” Best of fortune. very helpful tips. At least these are very applicable in Indian job market. Many Indian recruiters don’t consider candidates having 0 experience.
So putting at least something you learned can be a good idea and I observed, it works!! it is helpful to update my resume. Just wat I looking for.. Great article. 11. Really helpful article. Article Critique Rossall? Looking this type of articles in future also. Thanks a lot its really nice. I have upgraded my resume according to it and it really working 4 me., Very helpful to us.Thanks a lot.
Fantastic article. Really good tips for essay freshers as well as experienced professional. Its very good article.It would be better to put sample cv template/format. Well, I really appreciate for this informative article. ya nice artical sure it must be use all freshers. i completed software testing upgrated qtp tool, i can do well both automation manual testing. LoadRunner, am fresher so i can get opening for companies. Article School? plz kindly help me, i need cmm3 r 2 level company salary is nothing matter, i wan get experience to testing field. i would like to seo article writing service Cheltenham College became a good tester. im 2010 passed out B.E(ECE) 65.6% thiruvalluvar college of engg tech,anna university. That was seriously helpfull to me who always need a kickstart…believe me this is wonderfull,THANK YOU. Really nice article!
I have done msc(it) in critique School, sep 2006. now i m searching job in how to a journal, software testing.plz help me . how can get job in testing? i was wondering how to School make a impressive cv. it was really very much helpful for promote critical Trafalgar us..keep adding some sample resumes and journal article critique Rossall cover letter as wall.. Thanks for the Killer Article. Hi Boss really use full information to critical Castle writing cv and also to lead how to prepare for interview. This article just give a parameters to complete for article critique School getting job. Thanks a lot. i am working in technical support in essay about College, a good MNC company i comleted 12 months and critique Rossall School i am 2009 passed out BE(comp sci) i got and my agg is how to a journal University, 55% and my intrest is in s/w testing so i am joining atesting institue to learn software testing and also with placement will you help me so that i want to journal article cover my 12 months of thinking Trafalgar Castle, work experiance please help me in this regard. Hi, this is nice article. Journal School? Can u send me a saple resume with the covering letter. It will be relly helpful for me.
Also i’m fresher to software testing. pls also mail me the sample resumes… covering letter realy needed while applying for testing job ? please explain. am post graduate in computer science and i know testing also how can i get job by altering my resume. i like this article very much its working very well. thank you very much. I worked as software tester for write a newspaper article 1.6 years after that i joined as lecturer from last 3 years, can i revert back to testing job? if yes how? if not why? Excellent article…good to keep all these while preparing for job inteveiw…thanks for posting this article. Clear explination to build a good s/w testing resume. To talk in a testing passion, A resume which satisfies all the requirments of the employer’s and with no bugs can be built using this info . :) hi i completed msc(che). I am a housewife. But I know a little comp kndge, now am intrested to learn testing course.
I am 38. I dt hve any previous experience. Am from Hyd.Am thinking it is difficult. plz giv advice 4 me. Am not too gud in Rossall, eng also . You can test a S/W on ground of how write essay Stonar, performance. you can check bugs ,stoppers,error,functionality in s/w testing.
( Software Testing Engineer ) teamWork Info Solution Pvt. Ltd. 3/7 Drummond Road, Allahabad, India. HP :+91 78 00 707 708. Nice article..it,s very usefull. it was good sir..very useful information to us. It is really helpful article for journal what to University show and not to show in resume. Article Critique Rossall School? Give some hints about how to get maximum calls for writing Hudson manual testing. Lets see how much it can help me. I am sure it will help me in making my resume eye-catching…..thanks…..
If you attach a sample CV with cover letter (according to your direction) ,it will be helpful for many of us. Please send Sample CV with 3+exp to my Mail. I am waiting for topic “how to write a good cover letter before applying for software testing jobs”…. really very useful article. really very nice article. your article is very nice and definitely its a very helpful. plz send a cover letter in journal article critique Rossall, my id as a fresher. hi,am frm ernakulam.i have completed B-tech(computer science)in 2010.and also i have completed a certification course in testing(CPST).i have attended 4 interviews.but i didnt get.i have more expectation about my last 2 intervw but i didnt get dat toooo..i dont knw wat was d reason.i think i performed well.i answered al questons dey were asked.dey asked test case about article College, pen,i wrote dat.and in another company they asked testing theory only.i answered all question… nw i neeed a job very soonly..pls help me 2 get a job in testing field.plsss……..pls tell me hw can i perform in intervw. plsss….am looking only cochin as my working location..so pls inform me if der is any vacancy in cochin….firstname.lastname@example.org. hi,am frm ernakulam.i have completed B-tech(computer science)in 2010.and also i have completed a certification course in testing(CPST).i have attended 4 interviews.but i didnt get.i have more expectation about my last 2 intervw but i didnt get dat toooo..i dont knw wat was d reason.i think i performed well.i answered al questons dey were asked.dey asked test case about pen,i wrote dat.and in another company they asked testing theory only.i answered all question… nw i neeed a job very soonly..pls help me 2 get a job in testing field.plsss……..pls tell me hw can i perform in intervw. plsss….am looking only cochin as my working location..so pls inform me if der is any vacancy in cochin it company….
hi,am frm ernakulam.i have completed B-tech(computer science)in 2010.and also i have completed a certification course in testing(CPST).i have attended 4 interviews.but i didnt get.i have more expectation about my last 2 intervw but i didnt get dat toooo..i dont knw wat was d reason.i think i performed well.i answered al questons dey were asked.dey asked test case about pen,i wrote dat.and in another company they asked testing theory only.i answered all question… nw i neeed a job very soonly..pls help me 2 get a job in article Rossall School, testing field.plsss……..pls tell me hw can i perform in intervw. Stonar School? plsss….am looking only cochin as my working location..so pls inform me if der is article Rossall School, any vacancy in cochin it company…. hi,am frm ernakulam.i have completed B-tech(computer science)in 2010.and also i have completed a certification course in writing Hudson, testing(CPST).i have attended 4 interviews.but i didnt get.i have more expectation about my last 2 intervw but i didnt get dat toooo..i dont knw wat was d reason.i think i performed well.i answered al questons dey were asked.dey asked test case about pen,i wrote dat.and in journal critique Rossall School, another company they asked testing theory only.i answered all question… nw i neeed a job very soonly..pls help me 2 get a job in testing field.plsss……..pls tell me hw can i perform in intervw. Promote Critical Thinking? plsss….am looking only cochin as my working location..so pls inform me if der is any vacancy in cochin…. A really helpful article….thnx for journal article critique Rossall the efforts!! Also provide some common responsibilities. send me some of u,ur resume to my mail id…plz. your article is very nice and how to critique article of Southampton definitely its a very helpful.
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While genres single out entire texts according to heterogeneous features (e.g. formal features in the case of sonnets and paratextual information in the case of homepages), text types try to capture semantic relations between textual surface structures (of items of discours ) and content structures (of items of Trafalgar histoire ). In this sense, the division of critique text types follows a semantic criterion. Therefore, single text types are to be distinguished from each other by identifying not only what kind of linguistic device is used—event verbs or static verbs (for a more fine-grained verb classification, see Vendler 1957)—but also by writing what a text is about: time-bound events, states, or timeless universals (abstract objects, relations, etc.). The reason is that words are not always used according to their primary meaning. For example, a particular text passage may predominantly consist of static verbs that refer to states only prima facie but indirectly or figuratively express a change of state. As a consequence, the notion of text type has another component that has not been mentioned so far. Journal Article Critique Rossall! It depends not only on the extent to which a text is characterized by a particular text type according to the number of words determining this text type, but also on the degree to how write Stonar, which these words express their direct meaning. For example, a text is journal article School more descriptive the essay more its meaning corresponds to the direct meaning of its static verbs; conversely, the journal article extent to which a text is descriptive curtails the function of static verbs to indicate a change of state. This holds for elliptic contexts, for example, where a description using static verbs refers to a change of state without directly naming it. Take the static verb ‘to stand’: this verb refers to a state, but if it is used in the context of, say, a murder (‘after stabbing her victim, the murderer raised her head.
Her daughter stood in the door’), the state of standing in the door functions as (part of) an essays The Regent’s School, Bangkok event. (Even the critique murder could be expressed by static verbs.) Another example is the iterative use of event verbs ( discours component) that makes a passage descriptive from the point of histoire . Text types are thus determined quantitatively as well as qualitatively. First, all texts, not only narratives, usually do not deal with only one kind of write a newspaper article Seneca object. Even a single sentence may contain lexical items with narrative as well as descriptive meanings. Second, these linguistic devices may not always directly correspond to the object they actually refer to journal article Rossall, in a given context, but may have an additional meaning that is sometimes even opposed to its direct meaning with regard to its temporal-semantic features. For this reason, text types supervene on critique a journal of Southampton, texts, and this is why the ascription of text types to texts is seldom unambiguous. Text types are not only bottom-up abstractions of texts but also top-down structures that have an impact on the meaning of the journal critique Rossall School text, mainly with regard to the temporal characteristics of its contents/meaning in thinking Castle School, relation to the lexical devices. Journal School! Thus narrative is a type of text that predominantly represents events featuring event verbs; description is a type of write The Regent’s School, Bangkok text that predominantly represents states (of objects) featuring static verbs; and argument is a type of text that predominantly represents omnitemporal and logical relations (primarily between abstract objects such as concepts), i.e. universal propositions concerning objects outside time. Article Rossall School! These three text types do not cover all forms of texts, however since, for a starter, they may be ascribed to assertive sentences. Features of other text levels (e.g. grammatical mode or dialogue) are not encompassed by this typology.
Among others, explanation is one more candidate for text type (Herman 2008) as it focuses on the causal characteristics of the represented events. College! No system of text types has been generally accepted so far. Text types makes it possible to link textual cues to article Rossall School, interpretive ascriptions. Thus they may help to answer questions as to how events are represented in a particular passage: by naming the essay about event directly or by journal naming it indirectly through the depiction of related states that only hint at the event. Interpretation sometimes benefits from the disadvantage of ambiguity. Promote Thinking Trafalgar Castle School! Thus the two components that determine a text type—the level of journal article critique Rossall School conventionalized meaning according to the dictionary and the level of how write essay Stonar School meaning actualized in a given text—can correspond just as they may be inconsistent with each other.
Other questions with a wider interpretive focus might bear on why certain passages of a text are composed narratively but others descriptively and what this means for different interpretive purposes such as the work’s aesthetic form or the reception of the text. The present account primarily relies on research in literary studies and narratology. As a linguistic notion, text types are rooted in the development of text linguistics starting in the 1960s. The preferred objects of text linguistics are functional texts, to the effect that literary texts are often excluded from linguistic research. Journal Critique! (For the how write Stonar School wide range of competing concepts in linguistics, see Heinemann 2000a, 2000b, and Schluter 2001: 67–144; for an overview focusing on literary studies, see Dammann 2000). While the term “text type” came in the wake of this linguistic tradition, the notion is much older. It existed under the disguise of terms found in various languages and was not terminologically differentiated. Predecessors and Related Concepts. The first differentiation of notions that share features with the modern concepts of genre and text type can be found in Plato and Aristotle.
Plato divides what he calls diegesis into three kinds ( Republic , III, 392c ff.). A text of the first kind is directly ascribed to the author, a text of the second kind to a character, and a text of the third kind is mixed (Halliwell > Diegesis – Mimesis). The underlying criterion of the typology is the answer to the question “Who speaks?” The notions are obviously classifiers and can be linked to genres such as drama. However, the third kind—“mixed”—is different from the other two in that it is article School a hybrid, containing the features of both. Were this conception pursued further, the first two kinds would function within the third kind as text types in our sense. Plato’s (and Aristotle’s) legacy is a long and complicated one (see Trappen 2001). How Write Essay! An influential reformulation of the journal critique Rossall division of literary genres is suggested by Goethe ( 1994: 206): “There are only three natural forms of poetry: The clearly telling, the essay about writing Hudson College enthusiastically excited, and the personally acting: Epic, Lyric, and Drama. These three modes can work together or separately.” His understanding of the “three natural forms of poetry” is similar to that of text types in several aspects. Referring to article Rossall, a number of literary genres (termed “Dichtarten”) such as drama, elegy, novel, parody, and satire, Goethe assumes that all genres can be reduced to those three forms which he conceives of as a kind of deep structures (“wesentliche Formen”) that may be observed in writing Cheltenham College, every literary work, independently of article Rossall School its genre.
Every single work is characterized by promote critical Trafalgar Castle School a particular compound of the journal School three forms. In the present context it is important to note that Goethe does not attach the write a newspaper article College three forms to groups of texts, thereby dismissing the idea of classifying texts. Instead, he suggests that the forms usually occur together (although he refers to Homer’s epics as examples of pure Epic). As in the case of text types, Goethe’s notions are not meant to classify texts but to characterize the special shape of individual texts. Like text types, Epic, Lyric, and critique Rossall School, Drama are considered to be historically stable notions that refer to promote critical thinking Trafalgar Castle School, gradual properties. Furthermore, these terms are apparently derived from the journal article surface structures of essay Stonar School texts, i.e. from historically varying genres that Goethe considered paradigmatic (such as Homer’s epics).
At the same time, they are supposed to refer to deep structures that can be observed in texts of all genres. However, while Goethe considers only works of literary art, text types are neutral to journal article critique Rossall, the question of College literariness. Goethe’s conception remained influential up to the middle of the 20th century. Staiger (1946) develops a threefold typology of literary modes on the basis of Goethe’s original conception. The genre triad is replaced by the comparative/functional categories in the sense of ‘natural forms’ even though Staiger implicitly retains the classifying genre notions. Journal Article! He refers to them using nouns and to the comparative categories using adjectives. On this basis, Staiger ( 1957: 112) concludes that Kleist’s narratives, being novellas, are epics in the generic/classifying sense, and dramatic in the comparative/functional sense, thus blurring the conceptual shift between the two categories. While the how to critique a journal article classifying notions, according to Staiger (1946: 8), refer to patterns that underlie constant change and innovation, the comparative notions refer to the “tonality” or mode of texts and are supposedly invariant. Staiger ties the comparative categories to general anthropological attitudes such that lyric texts allegedly reveal the lyric dimension of human nature.
Although the article critique Rossall School terms ‘natural forms’ and writing Hudson College, ‘text types’ as well as their scopes are different, and although the criteria by which the notions are determined diverge widely, Goethe’s idea of modifying the traditional generic notions in article critique Rossall School, a comparative/functional sense continues to be felt in the modern concept of text type. A related concept in recent/modern literary studies is Hempfer’s (1973) ways of writing (“Schreibweisen”). His approach is worth mentioning because he distinguishes what Staiger and his followers amalgamate. A Newspaper Seneca College! Ways of writing are meant to be historically stable notions capturing deep structures while genres (“Gattungen”) are historically varying conventions. Hempfer’s examples of ways of writing are the narrative (“das Narrative”), the dramatic (“das Dramatische”), the satirical (“das Satirische”), etc. The transhistorical deep structures of the narrative and the dramatic are determined by the communicative situation. The deep structures of satire, by contrast, are determined by journal article critique Rossall School different properties.
While Hempfer’s distinction of the narrative and the dramatic goes back to Plato, his notions are different from the College point of journal School view of concept structure. A Journal Article University Of Southampton! Again, text types and ways of writing have in common that they do not classify texts but characterize them. School! However, in critical thinking Trafalgar Castle, contrast to article Rossall School, text types, Hempfer’s ways of writing writing, like Goethe’s and Staiger’s, are obviously derived from generic notions and lack a unified criterion. Hempfer’s structural approach is refined and naturalized by Zymner (2003) who conceives of journal article critique Rossall School ways of writing as dispositions that can have certain effects. What all these conceptual variants, including text types, have in common is that they are categories aimed at characterizing aspects of style. They differ from one another in that they focus on different aspects. While text types, as defined here, refer to temporal structures, Goethe’s natural forms and Staiger’s styles evoke traits of human nature; as for Hempfer’s ways of writing, they are rooted in, among other things, communicative situations. The first conception of text type in the 20th century appears to have originated from Russian formalism. In an article on Pushkin’s “The Shot,” Petrovskij ( 2009) analyzed the story’s narrative dynamics and characterized various sections of the text according to their narrative (temporal) and descriptive (static) structures. Similarly, Trubeckoj ( 1980) used this distinction to characterize an Old Russian travelogue by Afanasij Nikitin.
However, these early examples have not had any influence on recent developments. Starting with Genette, the narratological discussion of text types has long been devoted to the relation between the text types ‘narrative’ and essay Stonar School, ‘description’. Genette’s assertion that “description is naturally […] the critique handmaiden of the narration” ( 1976: 6) caused much ado in seo article writing service Cheltenham, narratology (e.g. Klaus 1982; Chatman 1990: 6–37; Ronen 1997). One of the main reasons was the lack of School distinction between narrative as a generic or classifying concept covering kinds of texts and narrative as a typological, comparative concept designed to essays Bangkok, capture deep structures, functions, etc. Although he does not mention it explicitly and sometimes blurs the difference himself, Genette ( 1976) seems to think of narrative as a generic concept, and his conclusion as to what description is in relation to narrative thus entails that description is not on the same level as narrative in the generic sense. Thus description for article critique Rossall Genette is something like a text type while narrative is both a sort of literary genre (in fact, “the only essay Hudson, mode that literature knows” ) and a text type (“the narration properly speaking”): “Every narrative includes two types of article representation, although they are blended together and always in varying proportions: representations of actions and events, which constitute the narration properly speaking, and representations of critique a journal article objects or people, which make up the act of what we today call ‘description’.” (5) Here, “narration” and “description” evidently denote text types.
However, Genette does not aim at a theory of these typological notions but looks at whether the notion of article School description is suitable to limiting the generic scope of narrative (in his opinion, not at all). In the wake of Genette’s article narratologists and other literary scholars began to investigate description and its manifestations and thinking Trafalgar, functions in article School, literary discourse (e.g. Hamon  1982, 1993). Critical Thinking! For Hamon, description is a way to insert knowledge in narratives. He is article critique Rossall School less interested in a theory of text types than in literary devices that implement knowledge in seo article writing Cheltenham College, narratives.
Hamon’s model for descriptions is an encyclopedia entry which literary descriptions expand in critique, many ways. Adam (1992) develops Hamon’s approach further and combines it with text linguistics. Much of what is published on the subject is devoted to differentiating description and its functions (e.g. Lodge 1977; Gelley 1979; Beaujour 1981; Kittay 1981; Mosher 1991). While Hamon investigated the essay role of description in 19th-century prose, Scherpe (1996) and journal critique Rossall School, Pflugmacher (2007) focus on the practice of description in modern writing. Ibsch (1982) contrasts examples of the two periods.
A recent study that uses other text types to writing College, explain a peculiarity of a literary text is journal article critique Abbott (2011). One of the major contributions to the theory of text types is made by promote critical thinking Trafalgar School Chatman (1990). He considers not only fiction but also film in terms of a theory of text types. His first step is to modify the meaning of the term ‘text’ according to the premise that narrative is a structure existing independently of the medium. Chatman’s notion of text is not restricted to pieces of spoken or written discourse but comprises “any communication that temporally controls its reception by the audience.” (1990: 7, original emphasis) For Chatman, films and literary works are both texts. His criterion, which has its roots in Lessing ( 1984), is that works of literature and films, contrary to journal critique Rossall School, pictures, are deployed in time.
Chatman defines three text types: narrative, description, and argument. However, he does not distinguish these types from each other by using one and the same criterion. The text type ‘description’ is said to “render the properties of things” with the subject as criterion while the Castle School text type ‘argument’ is defined on the basis of the critique Rossall School communicative goal that a producer of a text pursues, namely, “to persuade an audience” (9). Furthermore, “Argument is the text-type that relies on ‘logic,’ at least in the informal sense.” (10) Finally, Chatman explicitly conceives of text types as macro genres to which the known literary genres are subordinated. A Journal University! “[…] Westerns are generic subclasses of the Narrative text-type. A Theophrastian character is a subclass of Description. A sermon is a subclass of Argument” (ibid.). He clearly considers text types to journal article Rossall, be generic categories. Implicitly, however, his conception of text types aims at a functional, not a generic account. The problems of definition aside, Chatman’s idea is that “text-types routinely operate at each other’s service .” (ibid., original emphasis) The principle underlying this idea is that many texts display another structure on the textual surface than they do on a deeper level. Critique University Of Southampton! Thus a fable is a narrative on the surface level. However, it is not only a narrative but essentially something more because it includes a moral and journal article Rossall School, as such displays the underlying text type ‘argument’ at the service of which the narrative structure at the surface operates.
It is clear, then, that Chatman investigates the functional relations between generic ascriptions and ascriptions of underlying meaning structures conceived of seo article Cheltenham as text types. His is a fruitful approach in that it helps to article critique Rossall, map interpretive ascriptions of meaning onto write International School, a system of journal critique Rossall interrelated notions that can be used to lay bare semantic properties of texts. More implicitly than explicitly, Chatman shows that the notion of text type in the narratological sense is a Janus-faced thing. On the one hand, text types capture semantic properties of texts according to seo article writing College, lexical distribution (level of single words); on the other hand, they are meant to link the results of this procedure to the overall meaning of the text. This is what Chatman seems to have in mind when he models text types on two levels. Sometimes the two levels correspond to each other (a descriptive wording resulting in a description without any other function), and sometimes they do not (descriptive wording resulting in a narrative: in Chatman’s terms, the critique School text type description “operating at the service of” narrative). Similarly, Genette ( 1976: 7) considers Robbe-Grillet’s nouveau roman “an effort to constitute a narrative (a story) by the almost exclusive means of description.” In an alternative approach, Fludernik (2000) suggests a threefold system intended to cover not only literary but also conversational/oral discourse. She distinguishes three levels: macro genre, genre, and discourse mode. Write Bangkok! Her macro genres prima facie correspond to the notion of text type in three ways.
They are intended to systematically cover all texts; they are mutually exclusive; and they are derived from linguistic text typology. Fludernik adds three types and excludes description from journal Rossall, her list: in addition to narrative and argumentative, she enumerates instructive, conversational, and reflective macro genres. She criticizes the assumption of the text type description “as a general text type, since description is how write essay Stonar School very rarely a unitype text type, i.e., there are extremely few purely descriptive texts around” (2000: 280). Aside from the question as to whether there are any texts at all that display pure macro genres, Fludernik obviously conceives of macro genres as classifying concepts. Texts either belong to one of the macro genres or not. Hence she assigns particular genres of the second level to journal School, the macro genres: novel, drama, and film are subordinated to narrative, scientific text and historiography to argumentative text, and philosophy to the reflective macro genre, to name but three of them.
She also refers to this second level as “text types,” a term not to how write Stonar School, be confused with the notion of text type as explicated above. Neither this nor the journal article critique Rossall School first level notion has anything to do with text types in our sense. On the third level, “discourse modes” are determined by “the surface structure of a journal article texts and the specific functional correlates within specific genres” (281). Thus, for instance, exhortations (a discourse mode) are subordinated to the genre of sermons which, in journal article critique School, turn, are subordinated to the macro genre of instructive texts. Essay About! It is the notion of discourse mode that corresponds to the notion of text type. This third level comes in journal article critique, response to the need for a non-generic category that is Stonar more flexible in order to capture the manifold typological heterogeneities within one and the same text, let alone within one and the same macro genre. Conversely, this notion explains the fact that different macro genres may display one and the same discourse mode; for instance, a narrative, understood as macro genre, may contain evaluative clauses typical for the argumentative macro genre, while argumentative texts may contain event phrases typical for the narrative macro genre as an illustration of an School argument. The similarity between Fludernik’s discourse modes and text types is about writing Hudson College that both are comparative notions. Also, discourse modes refer to passages of texts instead of entire texts and article critique Rossall School, exhibit a functional relation. Essay About Writing Hudson! However, they are derived from School, heterogeneous textual phenomena and are not mutually exclusive.
Fludernik’s enumeration of discourse modes is an how write essay School open list (of thirteen items) that lacks a unified criterion. Her main interest concerns not discourse modes but macro genres. The main problems with the notion of text type are that there are so many competing approaches and terms with similar but not identical meanings and that text types, as presented here, are not expressed by a stable term. Basically, the theory of text types suffers from journal article critique School, general disagreement as to what text types are. Arguments are drawn to advancing ever more suggestions for putative text types that have yet to be considered. Write Seneca! As a result, no explication of text types has been achieved to Rossall, cover all aspects of the notion. What is required instead is that text types should be explicated with regard to the purposes they are supposed to serve. Are text types meant to describe the particular dynamics of a text, its profile according to College, the represented temporal structure of the histoire , of the journal article critique School discours , or of both? Another problem is the discrepancy between the definition/explication of the concept and its application. Text types as explicated here are derived from the properties of sentences. In what kind of relation to textual properties do sentence properties stand?
Even if text grammars have studied this question in quite some detail, agreement has not been achieved. Are concepts capturing those sentence properties appropriate means to capture properties of texts? In other words: what exactly does it mean when properties supervene on texts? Abbott, H. Porter (2011). “Time, Narrative, Life, Death, Text-Type Distinctions: The Example of Coetzee’s Diary of a Bad Year .” Narrative 19.2, 187–200. Adam, Jean-Michel (1992).
Les textes: types et prototypes. Recit, description, argumentation, explication et dialogue . Paris: Nathan. Essay About Hudson College! Beaujour, Michel (1981). “Some Paradoxes of Description.” Yale French Studies 61 (“Towards a Theory of Description”), 27–59. Carnap, Rudolf (1950). Logical Foundations of journal article Rossall Probability . Chicago: U of how to in college The Regent’s International Chicago P. Chatman, Seymour (1990). Coming to Terms: The Rhetoric of Narrative in Fiction and Film . Ithaca: Cornell UP. Dammann, Gunter (2000). “Textsorten und literarische Gattungen.” K. Brinker et al. Journal Article Critique! (eds.). Text- und Gesprachslinguistik . Berlin: de Gruyter, vol. 1, 546–61. de Beaugrande, Robert Wolfgang U. Dressler (1981).
Introduction to how write essay School, Text Linguistics . London: Longman. Dijk, Teun A. van (1980). Macrostructures: An Interdisciplinary Study of Global Structures in Discourse, Interaction and Cognition . Hillsdale: Erlbaum. Fludernik, Monika (2000). Journal Article Critique Rossall! “Genres, Text Types, or Discourse Modes?” Style 34.2, 274–92. Seo Article Cheltenham College! Gelley, Alexander (1979). “The Represented World: Toward a Phenomenological Theory of Description in the Novel.” Journal of journal article critique Aesthetics and seo article service Cheltenham College, Art Criticism 37.4, 415–22. Genette, Gerard ( 1976). “Boundaries of Narrative.” New Literary History 8, 1–13. Georgakopoulou, Alexandra (2005). “Text-Type Approach to Narrative.” D. Herman et al. Journal Article Critique! (eds.). How To Critique A Journal Article Of Southampton! Routledge Encyclopedia of journal article critique School Narrative Theory . London: Routledge, 594–96. Gorlach, Manfred (2004). Text Types and the History of writing Hudson English . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang ( 1994). “Naturformen der Dichtung.” J. Journal Critique! W. Goethe. Samtliche Werke. Briefe, Tagebucher und Gesprache . Bd. 3.1: West-ostlicher Divan . Essay Stonar! H. Birus (ed.). Frankfurt a.M.: Deutscher Klassiker Verlag, 206–08 [“Natural Forms of article critique Rossall Poetry.” H. B. Nisbet C. Promote Critical! Rawson (eds.). The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism, Vol. Journal Article Critique! 4: The Eighteenth Centur y. Cambridge: Cambridge UP 1997, 125]. Hamon, Philippe ( 1982). “What is write School, Bangkok a Description?” T. Todorov (ed.). French Literary Theory Today. A Reader . Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 147–78.
Hamon Philippe (1993). Du descriptif . Paris: Hachette. Heinemann, Wolfgang (2000a). “Textsorte – Textmuster – Textmuster.” K. Brinker et al. (eds.). Text- und Gesprachslinguistik . Berlin: de Gruyter, vol. 1, 507–23. Heinemann, Wolfgang (2000b). “Aspekte der Textsortendifferenzierung.” K. Brinker et al. (eds.).
Text- und Gesprachslinguistik . Berlin: de Gruyter, vol. 1, 523–46. Hempfer, Klaus W. (1973). Journal Critique Rossall! Gattungstheorie: Information und Synthese . Hudson College! Munchen: Fink. Henkel, Nikolaus (1997). Journal Critique Rossall School! “Descriptio.” K. Weimar et al. (eds.). Reallexikon der deutschen Literaturwissenschaft . Berlin: de Gruyter, vol. 1, 337–39.
Herman, David (2008). “Description, Narrative, and Explanation: Text-Type Categories and the Cognitive Foundations of Discourse Competence.” Poetics Today 29.3, 437–72. Seo Article Service College! Ibsch, Elrud (1982). “Historical Changes of the Function of Spatial Descriptions in Literary Texts.” Poetics Today 3.4, 97–113. Kittay, Jeffrey (1981). “Descriptive Limits.” Yale French Studies 61, 225–43. Klarer, Mario (2005). “Ekphrasis.” D. Herman et al. (eds.). Routledge Encyclopedia of Narrative Theory . London: Routledge, 133–34. Klaus, Peter (1982). Rossall School! “Description and Event in Narrative.” Orbis Litterarum 37, 201–16. Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim ( 1984).
Laocoon. An Essay on the Limits of Painting and Poetry . Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP. Lodge, David (1977). “Types of Description.” D. L. The Modes of Modern Writing. Metaphor, Metonymy, and the Typology of Modern Literature . Write Essays In College International! Ithaca: Cornell UP, 93–103. Mosher, Harold F. (1991). “Toward a Poetics of ‘Descriptized’ Narration.” Poetics Today 12, 425–45. Petrovskij, Michail ( 2009). “Die Morphologie von Puskins Der Schuss .” Wolf Schmid (ed.), Russische Proto-Narratologie. Texte in kommentierten Ubersetzungen . Berlin, 67–89. Pflugmacher, Torsten (2007). Die literarische Beschreibung. Studien zum Werk von Uwe Johnson und Peter Weiss . Munchen: Fink.
Ronen, Ruth (1997). “Description, Narrative and Representation.” Narrative 5, 274–86. Scherpe, Klaus (1996). “Beschreiben, nicht Erzahlen! Beispiele zu einer asthetischen Opposition.” Zeitschrift fur Germanistik 2 [N. F.], 368–83. Schluter, Sabine (2001). Textsorte vs. Gattung. Textsorten literarischer Kurzprosa in der Zeit der Romantik (1795–1835) . Berlin: Weidler. Staiger, Emil ( 1957). Meisterwerke deutscher Sprache aus dem neunzehnten Jahrhundert . Zurich: Atlantis. Journal Article Critique! Staiger, Emil (1946).
Grundbegriffe der Poetik . Zurich: Atlantis Strube, Werner (1993). Analytische Philosophie der Literaturwissenschaft. Untersuchungen zur literaturwissenschaftlichen Definition, Klassifikation, Interpretation und Textbewertung . How To In College The Regent’s International Bangkok! Paderborn: Schoningh. Trappen, Stefan (2001). Gattungspoetik. Studien zur Poetik des 16. bis 19. Jahrhunderts und zur Geschichte der triadischen Gattungslehre . Heidelberg: Winter. Trubeckoj, Nikolaj (Troubetzkoy, Nicolas) ( 1980). “Une ?uvre litteraire: Le Voyage au-dela des trois mers d'Athanase Nikitine.” L’Ethnographie 76, 116–34.
Vendler, Zeno (1957). “Verbs and Times.” Philosophical Review 66.2, 143–60. Virtanen, Tuija (1992). “Issues of Text Typology: Narrative – a ‘Basic’ Type of Text?” Text 12.2, 293–310. Virtanen, Tuija (2010). “Variation across Texts and Discourses: Theoretical and Methodological Perspectives on Text Type and Genre.” H. Dorgeloh A. Wanner (eds.), Syntactic Variation and Genre . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 53–84. Werlich, Egon (1976). Journal Article Critique Rossall School! A Text Grammar of English . Heidelberg: Quelle Meyer. Zymner, Rudiger (2003). Gattungstheorie.
Probleme und Positionen der Literaturwissenschaft . Essay! Paderborn: mentis. Adam, Jean-Michel (2011). Journal Article Critique School! Genres et recits. Narrativite et genericite des textes. Louvain-la-Neuve: L’Harmattan Academia. Bonheim, Helmut (1991). “Systematics and Cladistics: Classification of Text Types and Literary Genres.” C. Uhlig R. Zimmermann (eds.). How To Critique Of Southampton! Anglistentag 1990 Marburg. Proceedings . Tubingen: Niemeyer, 154–65.
Chaefer, Christina Stefanie Rentsch (2004). “Ekphrasis. Anmerkungen zur Begriffsbestimmung in journal article Rossall, der neueren Forschung.” Zeitschrift fur franzosische Sprache und Literatur 114, 132–64. Fishelov, David (1995). Essay Stonar School! “The Structure of Generic Categories: Some Cognitive Aspects.” Journal of Literary Semantics 24, 117–26. Gulich, Elisabeth Wolfgang Raible, eds. ( 1975). Textsorten. Differenzierungskriterien aus linguistischer Sicht . Journal Article Critique Rossall! Wiesbaden: Athenaion. Sternberg, Meir (1981). “Ordering the Unordered: Time, Space, and Descriptive Coherence.” Yale French Studies 61, 60–88.
Werlich, Egon (1975). Writing Hudson! Typologie der Texte. Entwurf eines textlinguistischen Modells zur Grundlegung einer Textgrammatik . Heidelberg: Quelle Meyer. Yacobi, Tamar (1998). Article Rossall School! “The Ekphrasis Model: Forms and Functions.” V. Seo Article Writing Service Cheltenham College! Robillard E. Jongeneel (eds.). Pictures into Words. Theoretical and Descriptive Approaches to article Rossall, Ekphrasis . Amsterdam: VU UP, 21–34. Definition Explication History of the service Concept Predecessors and Related Concepts Narratological Conceptions Topics for Further Investigation Bibliography Works Cited Further Reading. To create an journal School automatic citation reference for the entire article, copy and paste the article University reference from the text box.
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Animal Dreams Essays and Criticism. The unifying theme in all the different strands of plot that make up Animal Dreams is Codi Noline's recovery of wholeness in her own psyche and in her relationship with her environment, both human and article critique, natural. This takes her on an exploration of the nature of memory and its problematic relationship to about Hudson College, truth and self-identity, a theme in which her father, Doc Homer, is deeply involved also. Ultimately, Codi learns that the search for individual identity is by itself not enough to grant her the peace, security, and sense of belonging she craves; she must also understand the relationship between human culture and the natural world. The framework within which Kingsolver traces this journey is in the form of a circle. The novel begins and ends on journal Rossall, All Soul's Day, which takes place in the first week of November; it is the Roman Catholic day of commemoration of the dead. This is how to write in college significant for Codi because in journal critique her life the dead cast a long shadow; the scars left by the early loss of her mother and her miscarriage at the age of fifteen prevent her from living fully in the present.
Deceptions engineered by her father about their family origins have had a similarly deleterious effect on Codi's life. In this novel, there are skeletons from the past that need to be confronted and exorcised. For Codi, however, the how write very act of remembering the past is article School fraught with ambiguity. Memory is a minefield. Writing Service Cheltenham? Looking back, the mind distorts, forgets, invents, plays tricks. Codi remembers things that according to journal article Rossall School, others she could not have witnessed, and yet she does not remember other events that are recalled clearly by write a newspaper article, her sister and by other townsfolk. As she says, Memory is a complicated thing, a relative to truth but not its twin.
Nonetheless, Codi is journal article compelled to seo article writing Cheltenham, delve into the past to find out whether recalling and understanding it can relieve the acute aimlessness and rootlessness that afflict her. Otherwise, she fears she will never possess a solid sense of her own identity. Indeed, as Codi describes herself during the course of the journal Rossall novel, it is article of Southampton almost as if she is with the dead herself. Rossall? Like a specter, she lacks definition and substance. She comments that she cannot remember half of how to a journal what happened to journal article critique School, her before the age of writing fifteen. She knows little about her origins, other than that her family came from Illinois (and even that piece of information later proves to be only a half-truth). I guess I'm nothing, she says to Loyd, The Nothing Tribe. This is in contrast to the surety with which Loyd knows his own background. Similarly, Codi laments in article Rossall School a letter to Hallie, My life is in college School, a pitiful, mechanical thing without a past, like a little wind-up car, ready to run in any direction somebody points me in. The word mechanical is significant; Codi's life lacks conscious, organic connection to its roots in journal article critique Rossall School family and community, and to nature itself. It is clear from the how to a journal article University extreme language Codi uses to describe herself that she is in mental disarray; there is an emptiness at article critique, her core that leaves her perhaps only one traumatic event away from complete disintegration.
Subconsciously, she knows and fears this. She has a recurring nightmare in how write essay which she suddenly goes blind, and she realizes midway through the novel that this dream is not about losing her vision but about losing the whole of myself, whatever that was. What you lose in blindness is the space around you, the place where you are, and without that you might not exist. You could be nowhere at all. This fear of nonexistence, of being nothing and journal, existing nowhere, is Stonar School what drives Codi to recover her memories of the past, hoping they will help her establish just who she is. With this in mind, she questions the women of the town who knew her when she was a child, and there are one or two moments of cathartic release when she is almost overwhelmed by memories as they come flooding back. But to find the vital ingredient that will in part end her alienation from the journal article critique Rossall School society in which she was born and seo article writing service, raised, Codi must penetrate the distortions that have been erected by her father, Doc Homer. As urgently as Codi needs to delve into the past, Doc Homer has over the years felt compelled to cover it up. Doc Homer is a curious character. One of his hobbies is photography, but he does not record things simply as they are. He takes a photograph of one thing and then tinkers with it to make it look like something else—clouds are made to journal article School, look like animals, for example, or a clump of five cacti comes to resemble a human hand.
When Codi first visits him, he is working on an elaborate procedure to make a photograph of two old men sitting on a stone wall look like a stone wall. (The entire section is 1910 words.) Get Free Access to this Animal Dreams Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to write article, ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go.
Download our handy iOS app for free. Journal Critique? An Interview with Barbara Kingsolver. Critique Of Southampton? In a chapter in her new book of wide-ranging essays, High Tide in Tucson , Barbara Kingsolver describes a trip to Phoenix's Heard. (The entire section is journal critique Rossall 5988 words.) Get Free Access to this Animal Dreams Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to College, unlock this resource and thousands more. Animal Dreams Homework Help Questions. While living in Arizona, Hallie started to journal article School, take in refugees from South America, and became concerned over the political conflicts going on.She decides to go to Nicaragua to help with the.
In the second to last chapter of the book, Codi remembers what Loyd told her about souls. She is talking with her father, and says,Maybe the reason you gave yourself to this town doesn't. Ask a question.
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construct resume Exact circle division by journal article critique School, five #151; how to draw the perfect five point star. What Natural (whole) numbers divide a circle exactly? Meet the perfect all-star families. Construct the real and article the virtual shapes #151; and take them to 3D. Give me a ring and I will make it sing
G eometric construction of the pentagram, pentacle, pentagon, and the five pointed star #151; and spice it up here and there with three kinds of ten pointed stars. H ow to sketch a five pointed star on a clock template, for kids [yes, pick a better shade of pink]. Tilt and rotate and double them. draw stars of critique, pentagrams and pentagons using a compass and straightedge (two geometric methods) construct a pentacle directly inside your own circle or with your own sides length (point-to-point dimension). What you pick #151; large or small #151; will be a rational and therefore an exact measure. tell the how to The Regent’s School, Bangkok, diff between a pentacle and a pentagram and why there are several pentacles. determine the inside and outside angles of a pentagram. find the article critique Rossall School, golden proportions that are inherent in a penta. star and grow them, too. make a five-point star indirectly via pentagon tiling #151; and how write School vice versa. create fancy five pointed stars plus a ten pointed hyperstar from article Rossall School a half-square rectangle (in a new tab) get the only harmonious ten pointed star of a decagram by always skipping 6 points.
design 5 point stars as art forms #151; inherit the energies if you stick to nature. combine the up and critique a journal down pointing pentacles into a brand new hyperstar. On five circles. Journal Article Critique. You'll be in the micro but this is huge. W hat does it mean if a pentagram is encircled once or twice #151; a star is on a single circle or in-between of two concentric circles. built from write a newspaper Seneca College interlocking rings. S ymmetry in a five pointed star #151; there are several kinds of symmetry and .. .. A perfect three pointed star can be had on a circle or semicircle #151; and it's doubled for a regular six-point star or a hexagon already. You could divide a circle by 3 exactly but a general 3-way division applicable to journal critique Rossall universe building and traveling can also be had. Stonar. Hexagon and hexagram stars are behind viruses.
A perfect square is a four pointed star. A n eight pointed star and journal a twelve pointed star share the same construction. B oth stars are perfect and both take you beyond counting as well. 16 and 24 pointed stars also share the same construction. Just as the eight and 12 pointed stars, they are in the 3:2 musical ratio and because the growth of stars in this ratio is unbounded we have a separate page on that (in a new tab) H ow many perfect stars can you make with geometry? With arithmetic? Number 36 is (abundantly) divisible by promote thinking Trafalgar Castle, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, and 18 #150; yet, you cannot make a perfect 36 pointed star. Geometry vs. Arithmetic is journal critique Rossall, a very old topic, very unresolved, and very relevant; and. Numbers are not just symbols.
In a circle they make 1 ) stars on paper and 2 ) atoms in space. A comment on a seven pointed star (heptagon). Hit a snag in a circle, but .. P entagon Pyramid . Fusion of numbers in three dimensions is essay about writing, good but it is School, not about averaging. T he four sided Great Pyramid construction is via the golden proportion and has its own page (in a new tab) A five pointed star just for kids. If you can tell time you can sketch this and other stars by hand. Oh, use the free template below at first. I'm the author of the promote thinking Castle, illustration above but this one is freed from copyright. (With the Chrome browser you can drag-and-drop this illustration onto your desktop as the .gif file.)
Have a look at some pics from the stone circle at Avebury in Wiltshire, UK. Draw a star, any perfect star. Can you see how you could lay out and sketch several stars using but one construct from the clock's minutes? You probably haven't heard the word 'a construct,' but a template is journal Rossall, usually just for tracing and service copying. Journal Rossall. Can you join the how to essays School,, points by skipping some?
Odd and critique even number of points makes a big difference. Here are the from-the-ground-up geometric constructions of eight and 16 point stars of a compass rose. [ Now, can you imagine making ALL perfect polygons and stars in the above 60 pt construct? If each point were to glow differently for each star, would you get a cool and unique pattern I could lock on to half way across the galaxy? Oh, you make it glow by seo article service Cheltenham, having each point a semiconductor junction, similar to an LED. For the junction you need an amorphous substrate and a crystaline piece of a rock.
Because you want to power up the whole circle, your power source is article critique Rossall, a bit more than just a single lay line. Except, how would you stop the primitives on the planet from messing with the stones? Yeah, it is all sacred feminine kind of stuff. If that doesn't work, cover the whole thing with soil a call it an ancient sacred burial mound.] Historically, geometric drawing of a pentagram star was considered a secret. One can appreciate keeping the formula and directions secret because the construction of a five-point star is not obvious even if you worked in geometry for some time. Write International Bangkok. Yet, if you could draw the perfect star only through geometry, the journal Rossall School, secrecy takes on extra dimensions. To draw a (regular) pentagon, the segment must be exactly one fifth going around the circle.
Stars are pretty and circles are everywhere, yet there is but slowly growing understanding of stars and circles. Essay Stonar. (This is not the case in China, for the Taoist movement and Taoist philosophy can be said to issue from a circle.) A circle gap exists not because we've lost our compass or a desire to journal admire crop circles, but it is because a circle is The Regent’s International School, Bangkok, frowned upon by the Catholic Church and because the journal School, reductionists of the 20th Century lost the how to write essays International School,, link to the source of journal critique School, a 0D point. With it, we also lost great things that the dimension zero brings to the table. So there is a book coming out write article, late 2013 resurrecting a circle as well as the stars that are the dimension zero's first application. Oh, 99% of all moving energy in the universe is in spin and orbits. Not only that. If you want to journal critique Rossall build something that doesn't just fly away, you have to do it in a circle (you cannot build an how write essay atom or a planetary system as a static entity). Going through external edits, the working title of the book is ' Stars and critique Rossall Rings .' No whole number can divide a circle exactly arithmetically but some whole numbers can divide a circle exactly geometrically. This is the first differentiator between geometry and arithmetic. When it comes to how to a journal article University dividing a circle's circumference (or area) with a straightedge and compass, we always strive for the exact division. Critique School. The perfection is not about a newspaper article Seneca College, some quirky obsessions of ancient Greeks and today's teachers, however.
If we finish our assignment in a finite number of steps and achieve an exact division, we would then claim executability and creation of such structures could be implemented in nature. Computer's arithmetic gives us precise #151; but not exact #151; answers when working with incommensurable (irrational and transcendental) numbers, but the geometric way can be exact and have much utility just because of article critique, that. We will apply the division of a circle in the atomic construction below. Essay About Hudson. Yes, the exact construction is about the (exact) conservation of energy. If the length of a circle's straight segment (cord) is critique Rossall, exact, then the segment's length is unambiguous and University can be expressed as a finite number. A finite number is also a rational number. If the cord's length were an irrational number then such number's sub-unity portion (mantissa) is infinite and we could not agree on its exact length #151; but we could agree on the exact distance between the two end points because the article critique Rossall School, two end points can be constructed exactly geometrically.
Irrational numbers are executable (or expressible) geometrically but not arithmetically. This is the second differentiator between geometry and thinking Trafalgar School arithmetic. You might skip on the diff between length and distance right now #151; later you may avail to the explanation and construction of the incommensurable numbers (irrationals and transcendentals). Instructions on geometric division of a circle into five equal and exact parts #151; in journal critique five steps: If you want to construct the penta. with a circle radius of your choice , point A is one unit distance (one-half of the radius) away from origin O . When you divide a circle into exact fifths along the periphery you now have the how write essay Stonar School, template and : Finish the pentagon by connecting every neighboring point and journal erase the circle.
Inscribe it counterclockwise if you want to Seneca be disharmonious (ratio 9:5), clockwise if harmonious (6:5). (Cw and ccw makes a big difference #151; think enhanced modulo math. Ccw is acw for the Brits.) Make the pentacle by connecting every other (second) point. If you do it counter-clockwise, you will be doing it in journal article critique School the 8:5 ratio, which is harmonious, and you should not have a problem with that once you understand that the underlying pattern mechanics are clockwise #151; it's on the Venus page. Pentacle is the easiest and the simplest to do because it does not require erasing. Does it mean it is the most fundamental?
Complete the pentagram from pentacle by critique a journal University, erasing the circle. Make the five pointed star from article Rossall School pentagram by erasing the inside (smaller, upside down) pentagon. Also see pentagon tiling, further on. The unit distance u is the shortest distance used in construction of a particular star. All other parameters (radius/radii, cord) are then calculated in terms of u . This is how to a journal University, new . All formulas for stars should be computed from the unit distance and not from, say, a radius because there are star constructions that use several circles. Journal Rossall School. In our example, the equation for seo article service, the length of the cord c in the above construction comes from two Pythagorean relations and is quite involved: In either case, you can now substitute any distance for u and get the measures of the rest of Rossall School, star's parameters. There is more to this.
Geometrically, the writing College, square root of critique Rossall, five, for example, can be of any length and this length issues from the unit distance used in write the construction of the SQRT(5). When working the pyramid you first have to find the unit distance before making sense of the rest of the (micro and/or macro) proportions. Polygons and stars. gon identifies the point connections that go straight from one point to the nearest next point on a single circle #151; poly gon in general. When you say regular polygon you are emphasizing that all segments span the same distance and all points are on journal article School one circle.
Stars do not have to take a straight path from one point to the next and do not all have to be on but one circle. The star's points could be connected by a curve or a kink line or the connections just skip one or more points. As you go around the center from one point to the next, you might keep turning in but one direction and then the star is article Seneca, said to be convex. Regular polygons are always convex. Article Critique School. Sometimes the points move inbound and about Hudson out, particularly with multiple circles holding the points, and you keep turning left and right when moving from point to point.
In such case the star is said to be concave. This is how things stood until our hyperstar, which has groups of three points lined up straight (and there are no turns). Rossall School. The hyperstar is discussed in the right column. How To A Journal Article University Of Southampton. The hyperstar is not regular. All points of all regular stars and polygons are on a circle and are equally -- that is evenly, and exactly spaced going around the circle. The best way of seeing it is article, that they have the critique a journal of Southampton, exact fraction of Rossall, a circle between them. However, only some stars are constructible exactly #151; see Perfect Families.
As to about writing the actual angles between points #151; see below, for these angles could be irrational numbers. (For now, ask yourself if a protractor can give you any irrational angle.) Having said all that about polygons and stars, don't get hung up on technicalities. A star is critique School, such a pretty word (and polygon such an ugly one), that using a star for both is just fine. Some say 'twelve sided' when talking about a polygon and 'twelve pointed' when talking about a star. If there is seo article service College, a section of article School, a circle with a start and a stop, such as when speaking of the essay about College, Signs of the Zodiac, 'twelve sided' makes more sense.
If you read other things about geometric stars, don't get derailed by mainstream math classification of stars. Scientists do not take into account the critique Rossall School, cw or ccw star creation, likely because the mainstream does not know the a journal, applications difference between the two. Journal Article Critique Rossall School. (Harmony-disharmony enters here but there is write International, more to it besides cw or ccw.) Also, math guys presently keep one point fixed and the other point advancing cw in a circle by a certain number of steps to make the next point of a star. But of course, mainstream scientists are in the Dark Ages thinking there is journal critique Rossall, a fixed reference point. The Quantum Pythagoreans book gives all planets orbiting frequencies from which the critical School, stars are made and, gee, the Earth is orbiting while the cw or ccw point-to-point trace arises mathematically from that. Mainstream math guys' definition of a star is that you can see all parts of a star from its center. This is a great example of a definition of journal critique School, arm chair convenience because the Venus-Earth interplay makes a cool curlicue between points of a five pointed pentacle star and this does not match the scientists' definition of a star #151; so here is ours. Why should a circle division be made of equal (evenly distanced) segments? There is nothing wrong with unequal lengths if that's your fancy and there could be a really good reason with a heptagon (see below). However, an electron's wavelength is proportional to critique a journal article of Southampton the electron's energy and if several wavelengths of one electron were to fit (were to close) around the critique School, nucleus then they have to do so in whole multiples of the same distance. It's about the numbers (in a circle).
There are many geometric ways of constructing pentagon or pentagram patterns and symbols. The construction presented here has the length of the essay about writing, side of the pentagon c the incommensurable (irrational) distance #151; that is, the measure of the side's distance is composed of an infinite number of journal article, digits (that do not repeat individually or as a group). Other constructions make the how to write essays in college The Regent’s School, Bangkok, side c a rational distance, which is better suited for the Great Pyramid's purposes. In the pyramid, one half of the side of the base is (must be) a rational unit of measure, for such measure is executable and can become. Journal Article. (For transcendentals you may have to put a kink in that.) The connection between the Stonar School, five sided pentagon/pentagram and the four sided Great Pyramid is through the golden proportion , a subject that lets you understand how to draw and construct the Great Pyramid, and include the pinch on its side. Angles in a five p ointed star and journal article critique how they relate to the golden proportion. Determination of pentagram's angles is easy #151; on thinking Castle School the interior or the exterior.
First, if (any) two angles have their arms intersecting at 90 degrees then the two angles are the same. The central (Egyptian) star below has 360/5=72 degrees between its arms. Article. Because the arms (rays, spikes) of this star are at right angles to other angles then such angles are also 72 degrees. You will get to 108? angle inside the pentagon with the write essays Bangkok, subtraction of the 72? angle from 180? (from a straight line). Journal Critique Rossall. You will note two special triangles on the pentagram when making design extensions to the sides (below). One has the interior angles of 72, 72, and 36 degrees while the second one's angles are 36, 36, and 108 degrees. Both of these triangles are golden because their sides are in write essays The Regent’s International Bangkok the golden proportion. Journal School. There are many other golden proportions on the pentagram but these two kinds of promote thinking, triangles are important in the micro (atomic) domain, particularly as related to orbital jumps. In multiples of one tenth of a circle.
All angles internal and journal article critique Rossall external to the pentagram or the five pointed star are in multiples of 1/10 of a circle: from a newspaper article Seneca 36? on article Rossall School to 72?, 108?, 144?, 180? . 324?, 360?. A circle can be divided by how to essays in college The Regent’s, 10 exactly and so all angles in and around a pentagram are exact and article critique Rossall School perfect. A pentagram, aka pentalpha, is a prominent symbol of the Pythagoreans. It is said the pentagram is good for write The Regent’s International Bangkok, one's health, and there could be something to journal article Rossall it considering the golden proportions that are all over the star. I think it is also likely the promote, pentagram's prominence is due to having an abundance of the number 10 while adding a circular aspect to the many number 10 aspects of the Pythagorean Tetractys. Rossall. The number 10 is also fundamental in designs of essay writing Hudson College, obelisks, including the Washington Monument.
Self-test:-) If you think an obelisk is a phallic symbol then you've just begun. The angle of 144? seems obscure (it's on the outside of the journal, star) but it's the only angle you'll need if you want to draw a pentagram with a computer program the likes of 'Turtle,' 'Scratch,' or 'Logo.' The program would run like this (in pseudocode): Move 100 pixels [forward] If these computer instructions do not mean much to you, you are doing well. How Write. First you want to create the geometric foundation #151; yes, in your mind, before resorting to a computer. The golden proportion consists of two numbers that at times relate through a ratio, in which case we speak of the School, golden ratio. The two golden numbers consist of one irrational number a that is ( 1 + SQRT(5) ) and one rational number b that is 2 and, because these two numbers may relate to each other through multiplication or division or addition or subtraction or. they should not be reduced into a single number. Reduction into a single number severely limits the how write essay School, application of the golden proportion and that is article critique Rossall School, one reason scientists like to reduce it as the Phi [scientists have reductionist tendencies #150; perhaps not a disease but it could be a handicap]. Reduction into one number hides other relationships the two golden numbers might have.
The golden spiral. Golden spiraling happens naturally in 2D or 3D as you observe the Cheltenham, golden proportions and figure out how you could grow them. Journal Article School. Fancy math will give you a smooth spiral but if you stick to the golden proportion you will be going in discrete steps. (You'll need to write a newspaper College understand why staying with the golden steps is superior to smooth fancy math. It has nothing to do with efficient packing of seeds/objects, and you just might see the Rossall School, quantum effects on the macro scale.) Once you start putting the golden proportions in the circular format, mathematically you'll be working the writing Hudson College, point/radial symmetry while entering a new area of endeavor. Also known in general as tessellations, doing it in 5-fold rotational symmetry is favorite of Dürer, Kepler, Penrose.. .. All pieces that make up sets for the five-fold 2D tiling have their angles in multiples of 1/10 of a circle . The multiples of journal article, 1/10 of a circle construct the shapes of diamonds, pentagons, ships, kites, darts, or double-decagons. A fancy Ninja star design on left also has all of its angles in tenths of a circle. The hyperstar goes even further using an University exact division of a circle while providing constructs for orbital jumps. There is yet another (and last) golden triangle and that one does not appear on a pentagram. It has a right angle and its hypotenuse with the shortest side are also in journal article the golden proportion.
This triangle is one-half of the Great Pyramid going across the article, mid face and into the center of the base. You can see it below on article Rossall School our Golden Eye design. Pentagon Dimension Priority : Diameter Dim or Point-to-point Length Dim. There is a dual approach to a geometric pentagon star construction. You can either specify the diameter of a circle that will place all points, or the length of a pentagon's side that specifies the distance between points. In either case you start the construction with the shortest unit length of 1 . On this page we show two constructions with Diameter dimension priority and in both examples the diameter ends up 4 units long (radius of 2).
This means you can construct a star with a circle diameter of your choice because there is the exact 1:4 relationship (scale) between the unit length you started with and the diameter of the essay, pentagon's circle. Article School. In the essay about Hudson, case of a point-to-point Length dimension priority, or side Length priority, you start the journal article critique, golden proportion construction with the unit length of 1 . When finished, the pentagon will scale to the side length of 2 . Pentagon construction with side Length priority has the exact side of your choice and write article Seneca is on journal article critique School the golden proportion page. A circle has many positive connotations. Write A Newspaper Seneca College. What would be the idea of dividing it? Once you know what numbers can divide a circle, you can then build a circle. Not [yet] from real things such as wood or metal but from waves. It turns out that the critique, waves must have a particular wavelength count (a particular multiple of particular energies) before these waves are able to close in critique a journal of Southampton a circle -- and thus be symmetrical about a point. You need to article critique Rossall School know what numbers can divide a circle before you can construct the circle from how to a journal waves. You might think this is something witches do, and you would be right, but an electron is a wave that wraps around the nucleus, too. There is (always) a bit more to journal article this. When a circle's periphery is cut and has a small gap, funny things happen as forces arise.
One could call this a circle corruption and in a way it is. Yet the how write Stonar School, forces that arise are not corrupting, for they attempt to close the circle and article Rossall School .. (think free energy). The making of article University, a circle is also about taking a step from 1D to 2D. There, you will find the friendly transcendental number Pi. To round it off, you may want to learn more about the squaring of a circle, for it is about the straight and curving geometries. We did not forget the ancient Egyptians and use the example of the five pointed star as one of the steps in working the circle and the square. The golden proportion and Pi get very close to journal article critique Rossall each other.
The five pointed star is made from the golden proportion and then the squaring of a circle and the five pointed star are closely related. Not everybody likes geometry. In case you don't, you can blame your teacher or _______, but in the not-so-final analysis it is critique a journal, about you. Geometry is journal article critique, about movement and placement in space, from an atom in your body to your ship as a whole. Lots of School, geometry is in a plane and you have a good argument if you say your head is not flat. So let me cut to critique School the chase. The intelligence is in 3D and your head is just fine for that provided you are able to intercept it. Lots of free energy is in 2D and it can be harnessed there once you figure out essay about College, how to relate 3D to 2D. Oh, to relate 1D to 2D you'll get into the squaring of a circle, which is something you want to do if you'd like to make atoms. Article Critique Rossall School. (Light is in how to critique a journal article University of Southampton 1D and energy of an atomic electron cannot be in 1D #151; it would leave the atom.) The linear movement is in journal critique Rossall 1D while the atom and gravitation need 0D for about writing Hudson, spin. Journal School. Your challenge, desire, need, or necessity is to seo article service understand and work the Pythagorean tetra(ctys) of 0D through 3D because that is how the article, universe is built and seo article service you want to continue to be a nifty and smart participant in it.
Symmetry in a five pointed star. Symmetry has appeal. It makes things look nice but it could be difficult to critique move beyond that. There are similarities with reflections in a mirror #151; or refractions through a focus of a lens. You might love crystals but it is tough to explain what symmetry brings to the table. Writing Service Cheltenham College. Aristotle could not apply numbers beyond counting and it was then easier for him to stick to generalities ('nature abhors a vacuum,' 'prime mover') and even poke fun at Pythagoreans. There are two kinds of symmetries : even and odd. The even symmetry duplicates things about the (usually vertical) axis while the odd symmetry duplicates things by half-circle rotation about a point at the origin, which is the journal article Rossall, center of the circle used to make the article, star.
Symmetries issue from geometry (and geometry issues from numbers). The even (or axial) symmetry is unique to energy and includes intelligence. Article Critique School. Esoterically it is the essay writing Hudson College, head of the Sphinx while the critique School, empty space between the Sphinx' front paws is the (virtual) line of the axis of the critique, even symmetry. The odd (or point) symmetry is unique to charge and matter. The even symmetry is inclusive while the odd symmetry is exclusive. Self-test:-) If you think erecting a physical object between the Sphinx front paws is corruptive, you are doing well. A five pointed star, point up or down, has even symmetry but no odd symmetry. You could also have heard of 'rotational' symmetry.
When a five pointed star rotates one fifth of a circle, it overlaps exactly with the original star. You want to differentiate the rotational symmetry from the even and odd symmetries. Rotational symmetry is applicable in the rotationally-moving context and indeed there are plenty of article critique School, situations for that. I like to call the write a newspaper article, even and odd symmetries the article critique School, placement symmetries while the essay College, rotational symmetry is one of the movement symmetries. Placement is for building things (this includes the article Rossall, atom) while the movement is not only for write in college The Regent’s International Bangkok, physical movement but also for transformations. Mainstream physicists use the term 'symmetry breaking' when dealing with the ocurrence of different symmetries. They (the scientists) assume everything should be in 3D and anything else is critique Rossall, a form of how to critique of Southampton, deviation (breaking) from critique that. This is very stupid. The fundamental thing to look for is computability. How Write Stonar School. If the system is article critique, computable, it will happen. The system will then exist in several and in any and all symmetries, as long as it is computable.
But of Cheltenham College, course, the computability conditions are spelled out and explained in the Quantum Pythagoreans book. This talk about symmetries becomes introductory once you begin to appreciate that the (law of the) conservation of energy is based on the conservation of symmetries. The conservation of geometric symmetries is then a more fundamental law. Journal Article Critique. There is a bit on this in the Quantum Pythagoreans book but then it is extended even more in the upcoming Stars and Rings book. What? Who needs cables? Five pointed star in a circle.
There are three sources #150; and therefore more than one meaning #150; of the five pointed star. One meaning has its origin in the exact (geometric) division of a circle and writing is discussed on this page. It is a fairly complex though rewarding topic that leads to article the symbolism of a star issuing from a single circle. How Write Essay School. Another root comes from two orbits (hence two concentric circles/rings) of Venus and article critique Earth, and is discussed and about writing traced there . (Venus, while most prominent through the five pointed star, is also associated with the number eight and the meaning of the diagonal.) The third source of the critique Rossall, five pointed star calls on non-concentric yet interlocking rings . The separation of the circles is in the golden proportion and this new five pointed and unique hyperstar construction has its own bookmark on the golden proportion page. This brings us to the diff between the sign/drawing of a pentagram and a pentacle . A pentagram is a five pointed star drawn with five straight and promote critical thinking Castle unbroken lines, aka the Pythagorean pentalpha. A penta cle has a cir cle (s) around the star. Journal Critique Rossall School. Yet, these are but technical differences. There are three separate origins associated with a pentagram and you may want to show a pentacle to a journal University of Southampton point out the root. In other words, a pentagram always issues from orbits/orbitals/circles/rings/rotation and article critique School there are three separate ways to do so, as follows:
1 ) A single circle around the star makes it the seo article Cheltenham College, classical or atomic pentacle that comes from atomic construction, and critique School a single circle shows the standing wave around the nucleus -- the orbitals. Pagan-wise the classical pentacle stands for earth and if you think of it as 'materia' (from Latin), it's a close match to 'atomic.' 2 ) Two concentric circles around the star make it the cosmic or planetary pentacle and the two circles are the how write essay, orbits of Venus and Earth (can be computed via modulo math from the article Rossall, clockwise 8:5 orbit ratio and in the illustration on left the orbits are to scale). How To Write In College School, Bangkok. Points are between and close to the midpoint of the two orbits and the pentagram rotates (why that is so is on journal article critique Rossall School the Venus page). For Pagans, the double circle around the star is about 'drawing down the Goddess,' and how to essays The Regent’s International School, the circle diameters are calculated along with point sequencing on the Venus page. If you speak of or draw a planetary pentagram , then you are substituting the two concentric circles with Venus and Earth symbols because you know there are several pentagram sources. 3 ) Separated but interlocked circles (rings) with centers at the hips of the pentagram show two separate atoms joined in a molecule, which I call the hyperstar pentacle . This is new and I don't presently know of anybody applying the hyperstar pentacle.
Although I think the hyperstar explains the atomic separation in a molecule, there are many, many meanings and applications. My feel is associating the hyperstar with friendship, marriage and angels. I like using it in Tai Chi and here is an example. A classical pentacle can be rotated/turned about the circle's center if someone wants to do an upside down 5 point star. With the hyperstar, however, I flip the pentacle about the critique, hips and then a completely new 10 point hyperstar happens -- a star with nothing but the golden triangles. See below. [Flipping something about an axis is a feminine operation.] The abundance of the golden proportions associated with all penta. constructions deserves an promote critical Trafalgar Castle School analysis of its own.
Whether it leads to harmonizing your environment and having good luck, building a pyramid, or even growing it into nature based religions the journal article critique School, likes of Wicca or Shinto, the golden proportions are indeed linked to promote thinking Trafalgar space borne intelligent energies. Once the circular geometries are engaged you'll end up with the pentagram. It is then okay to draw just the pentagram but you want to draw the article critique School, various pentacles if you want to show where the pentagram is coming from. For example, ancient Egyptians call the pentagon 'The Womb' and if you retain the circles on the hyperstar you just might see it. Okay guys, another story has Isis looking for Osiris' parts. She found all except the phallus, which was eaten by a fish. Strange story. Well, if you retain the circles you just might see a fish doing its thing. [So, is the hyperstar a lost ancient Egyptian star or is it THE Star, the most secret one? I haven't seen it in their art but their stories sure seem to point at such possibilities. Self-test:) If you take the fish story personally and say ouch, for example, you are missing the alchemical dimension.] Pythagorean pentagram/pentacle symbolism is a bit different and possibly more sophisticated if you think in the square-a-circle context.
The pentagram is encircled once and then a second ring is added as a piece of jewelry. A Journal Article Of Southampton. The second ring is then at the right angle to the first. (The illustration is from journal Secret Teaching by Manly Hall.) Regarding the Satanic or (d)evil or demon side of the upside down (inverted) pentagram or pentacle, consider it a feeble attempt at corruption by the self-proclaimed sign-of-the-beast creator and almost-priest Levi. You want to know where corruption comes from and then you are in position to College overcome it. In this case the upside down pentagram could issue from natural rotation of the Earth-Venus cosmic/planetary pentacle in journal Rossall School the solar plane -- with the sun in the center -- and then the satanic notion loses its meaning once you appreciate that the cosmic pentacle's rotation does not stop and there is no 'up' and critique University 'down' of the solar plane to begin with, just as you cannot tell if the article critique Rossall School, whole coin on how to The Regent’s International the right having odd (point, sun) symmetry is up or down. (Under odd symmetry every point has a second point on the other side of the center of rotation.) If you want to unambiguously show the star's point-up or point-down placement on a coin, you have to journal article place the star next to a non-symmetrical reference such as an animal (or introduce the critique a journal of Southampton, even/mirror symmetry, which is the case in nature). The coin's design is odd-symmetrical, but if the lower half is erased then odd symmetry is gone. It is then easy to see that the star placement becomes point-up because 'Republic' now provides up-down reference. So you can appreciate that up side down is journal School, not a given under odd symmetry alone because when your reference is but a point (such as the Sun in the center), you could see the star one way looking from the how write essay School, center and the opposite way looking into the center. Moreover, cw and ccw rotation can be differentiated -- think mirror symmetry and angular momentum in 3D, which also means that 'above' aka heads and journal article critique Rossall 'below' aka tails can be diffed absolutely under rotation.
Geometric stars' origin is from orbits (macro) or orbitals (micro). Micro includes both the atomic and/or molecular (valence) orbitals. This means that the stars issue from odd [masculine] symmetry. Yet, to get unambiguous and stable solutions, both the odd and even [feminine] symmetries are needed. Promote Thinking Trafalgar. Ancient Egyptians include a horizontal bar with their oval cartouche just for that reason, and journal critique Rossall the bar -- which is the writing service Cheltenham, axis of the even symmetry [it is not the article critique Rossall, horizon] -- is very explicitly tied to the oval. Now, I am extending it past the Pharaohs' cartouche, and there are more practical and how to write in college The Regent’s International School, Bangkok new examples in the 5 and journal article critique 10 point hyperstars below and, of course, the Golden Eye. When it comes to the androgynous nature of the beast (Levi's beast has feminine and how to write essays masculine attributes as well as a point-down pentacle on its forehead), consider that masculine-feminine cannot be merged because they each issue from different and unique symmetries. Masculine-feminine is about the journal critique School, duality that cannot be unified by merging but needs to be, and can be, balanced or married. (Achieving such balance is not trivial but there is more than one solution.) In essence, the evil side arises from conflicts that ignore nature's duality, and one of the critical Castle School, gateways to its understanding is to ask, 'Why and how is the human brain separated and joined at the corpus callosum?' Focusing on journal article construction of the visible universe, the gateway to balancing is through Quantum Mechanics. Oh, if you don't like the status quo get into vortex and free energy. Overlaying two opposing hyperstar pentacles , the up-and-down points from the two pentacles make a ten-pointed hyperstar, which is not a decagon nor a hexagon, either regular or not -- yep, not concave and not convex -- and definitely not for the Wiki trivia chasers.
This hyperstar (on right) has a north-south axis with very unusual properties. How To Write Essays International School, Bangkok. The axis can become absolute under spin and then the star symbolically acquires a touch of Tartaros (or Tartarus) -- but, as a Pythagorean you know what the axial post/pole is about. I like seeing the hyperstar as 'the seed of the thunderbolt,' but that's shade romantic. Did you notice all triangles on the hyperstar are golden? In the case of the classical pentacle, the journal article critique Rossall, upside down notion also has no meaning because the five-fold atomic orbital is symmetrical about the atomic core and is free to promote Castle School rotate without appreciable symbolism. (However, there do exist harmonious and disharmonious stars and in the book Quantum Pythagoreans you will learn which is which and why.)
A human body has a close resemblance to a five pointed star. Indeed, Tai Chi makes a mere resemblance into journal article critique Rossall, a remarkable art, including the Martial art. The upside down star is not conventional (not normal) once you link a human body to the five pointed star. There is then a human mental aspect to an inverted star and the Venus page has a bookmark on that. However, if you place energy importance first (and you should) then the upside down aspect is about energy while the upside down body is a mental and positive construct in the service and a journal article University of Southampton manipulation of energy. How do you make your own pentacle or pentagram? Buy or make is okay but to journal critique have your own you have to have it in your mind. And add a cw pentagon, too. [Feeling better?] Here is also a secret for the 21st century: You must know how to essay School make the star geometrically and then -- by making the critique School, same body movements -- you will also attract beneficial (golden proportion) energies in the circular geometry that will stay with you. Oh, if you start doing Tai Chi, you'll see the geometric components very soon. If you wish to superimpose/overlay/map a human body onto a five pointed star , the five points of the inside pentagon are the major reference points. The top two points are at the shoulder-neck transitions, just as you'd guess.
The lower two side points are the hips while the lowest point is the crotch. If you do Tai Chi/Yoga exercises just a little, you will feel the write a newspaper article College, importance of these points. Critique School. As much as I find occult interesting, the occult human body-onto-star overlay seems forced and this leads me to essay Stonar School suspect the occultists do not exercise much. Journal Critique School. As you get more into mind-body-circle-star- energy interlocks, you'll jump or sail right into alchemy . You cannot power into alchemy but you can turn alchemy (Tai Chi or ancient Egyptian versions) into personal power, both logical and physical. There is the Buddhist view, too. Ever seen an angel?
The book you will thoroughly enjoy. Harmony is talked about how to in college International Bangkok, ever since antiquity but it is article critique School, this book that actually allows you to predict whether any two tones will be harmonious. Yes, the clockwise or counterclocwise rotation can be determined and Cheltenham College that is the one (of the two) harmony components that was hidden until now. It is about the perfection of School, geometric stars and the waves that go with it. The radius measure of 2 (diameter of 4) in our pentagonal construction on the left is the outcome of using the Castle School, shortest applied distance as the unit 1 . Journal Article Critique Rossall School. This is not because you couldn't divide by two (you can -- and work with ? as the distance OA , for example), but if you construct other structures such as the the Great Pyramid with the seo article, shortest distance as the unit 1 , you will always be in sync with your numbers from one structure to the next. If you want to look at it metaphysically, each number has its own personality and you want to keep track. If you want to have more fun, think of the unit distance OA as an irrational number.
Even Euclid did not think of the article critique, number 1 as just a counting number. On the political side, particularly in the association with Communist power , you want to how write Stonar be cognizant that the five pointed star issues from orbits and the star is always a 2D entity made from 1D constructs. Making the star into a 3D star (the likes of the Kremlin) points to the lack of understanding on the root of the article critique Rossall School, star's creation. The purpose and utility of the five pointed star could also be said to be misunderstood by the Communists, not unlike the swastika adoption by write a newspaper article College, the Nazis. [If the journal article School, Nazi technology was as advanced in the flying saucer technology as is rumored then the swastika would not be far off.] For the time being I'm not doing full 2D (area) or 3D red stars until the promote critical thinking Trafalgar Castle School, bloody aspects dissipate -- oh, about a hundred years, considering China. These stars are fancies anyway. Actually, Darwin started the whole mess with his 'strongest survive' evolution simplification, and it was the opportunism of Communists and Fascists who took in journal article the reduction and used it literally. (There were alternatives available at Darwin's time but Mendel was pushed aside for the critical 15 years and at Mendel's rediscovery the industrial revolution was in full swing. Book review: The Monk in The Garden .)
What to look for. People bent on power will promote and support the following: 1. Essay Hudson College. Nature is on our side. Best represented by Dawkins' The Selfish Gene , the idea is that being loaded with money is journal article critique School, natural (you guessed it, it's Gates' favorite). A virus is selfish, a gene is a newspaper article, not. Journal Critique Rossall. In the UK the Oxford U nicely masks its ignorance with arrogance. In the US the Harvard U is big on this kind of spin [they put out the best crap]. Promote Critical Thinking Trafalgar. You will recall the dinosaurs and the dino eats dino times [I don't think they died out without a fight].
2. Running out of energy. Usually about journal, (peak) oil, this mentality replaced Running out of writing Cheltenham College, food from the article Rossall, last century. How To A Journal University Of Southampton. This allows wars to go on, as it conjures up there is not enough for both of us. This is but one example of reductionism. [If you don't see God, there are plenty of bosses to work under #150; here and on critique Rossall the other side.] The beauty of free energy is that it is really about smarts and without a large up front investment. Seo Article Writing Cheltenham College. Once you do a bit of reading, you will be LOL at article critique Rossall the experts, but you'll also have to do the a newspaper article, free energy yourself. If you complain that the govt does not release free energy, you are not getting it. 3. Socialized medicine. The mind job here is to convince you that you need the journal School, institutions of state and selected private hospitals and clinics for how write essay School, you to stay healthy but there is an obligation to journal Rossall School pay extra premiums.
It ends up that the healthier you are the more you pay and this becomes a tax on your health. Write. Because you are smart and stay healthy by paying attention to your body's needs, you are pressured to pay for the ones who are not, and the power chasers are a sick lot. You may have to move to another state and/or become politically active (for example, AMA should not have a monopoly). You really begin to understand this when you start looking forward to stopping the payments of your premiums. You may find out it is the journal article, best thing for actually being healthy. There are three components : understand fear, pick up specialized exercise, and how to write in college The Regent’s International School, Bangkok keep up with alternate immunity discoveries (such as Dr. Jan Raa's) as well as the revival of Raymond Rife technology. Once you understand the fear component, talk openly about the health alternatives should you meet an AMA doctor, for journal Rossall, the tables might have turned. 4. Culture or religion-embedded values of guilt, fear, and how to critique article University intolerance.
Once embedded they can be invoked without explanation (prejudice will not be seen for what it is). This is usually about Bible and Koran waiving and could be difficult to deal with outside the US. Journal Article. In some cases the how write essay, fear and/or weakness and/or ignorance justifies betrayal [needs to be watched, even self-watched]. Article Critique. Betrayal is also a component of power, and seo article writing service Cheltenham power has its own category (power is reversed in article School the virtual domain and there it is not based on write Seneca specific might but on infinity). In the Pythagorean and Buddhist traditions the friendship works well. I also like Ronald Reagan's attitude because he 'liked all and feared none.' You might get hurt but you will have the last word. So you think you know your numbers and article might think it's okay to reduce them to your liking. But if you construct the Great Pyramid with the golden numbers and use the service College, shortest distance as the unit 1 , you will arrive at the pyramid's base as having the side length of 4 . The base of the journal Rossall, Great Pyramid is how to write in college School,, then 4 times of journal critique Rossall School, some unit of measure. Article College. So now the pyramid's base periphery (4+4+4+4) and base area (4x4) carry the journal Rossall School, same square number 16 . You see, if you reduce the a journal article University, numbers and think of the pyramid's base as having the unit length of, say, two, the base periphery would have eight units of length but the base area would be but four (square) units. If you do not reduce the journal School, numbers you can think of the number 16 in a newspaper article Seneca College the context of acceleration (unit of measure per time squared) and derive the unit of journal critique Rossall School, length that is most appropriate for this planet [yeah, it's a foot].
Rational numbers are commensurable numbers -- that is, they all have finite or repeating sub-unity part of a number (mantissa) and all can be expressed as a ratio of two integers. Rational numbers can also be called the exact, finite, or absolute numbers because we can write them down and agree on their value. At times, rational numbers are called real numbers because all real things have a finite measure. Rational numbers happen when we ratio two integers. School. All mainstream mathematicians define the rational number as the article critique, ratio of any two integers. So, a mainstream math guy would say, Of course the rational number is a ratio of two integers -- it is how write, defined that way. Yet, you really do not want to be mainstream and acquire but an encyclopedia knowledge of the world. You do not want to journal article critique Rossall think of somebody's definition as complete or adequate knowledge.
You know that a rational number is a finite number (has a finite or repeating mantissa) and once it is finite it can be expressed as a fraction of two integers. As a smart person, moreover, you know that if another operation produces a naturally finite number then such operation also creates a rational number. The circumference of a circle is a transcendental number. Many of circle's round segments (arches) are transcendental numbers and their straight cord could be an irrational number -- and both of these numbers have an infinite mantissa (infinite precision). The question now is: If you divide (ratio) some particular circular segment by its corresponding cord, will you get a finite (rational) number as a result? Some Pythagoreans view the Seneca, number two as a problem number because it divides the journal Rossall School, unity. Pythagoreans discourage division of the unit 1 until you understand the context of each degree of freedom -- but in any case the number 2 is not the culprit. (The number 2 is in the denominator of the golden ratio and there it should stay as the number 2.) As you get familiar with this site the sub-unity will become applicable to promote critical thinking Trafalgar Castle School atomic orbitals and hence the number 1 is the Great Divide between the macro-cosmic and micro-atomic. Journal Article School. [My guess is that macro concepts are taught before the micro in the Pythagorean School.] Tetractys of Pythagoras deals with the organization of matter, among other things.
What makes you a Pythagorean? Short of visiting the Pythagorean page, you are interested in the actual construction of the visible universe. As a Pythagorean you want to know why some stars are constructible exactly and muse at the people who draw stars without regard to School their actualization. Drawing stars just for fun is okay but to a Pythagorean that's in an entertainment category. Journal Critique Rossall. The. compilations about stars are trivia, which quickly become distracting as well. Working the five pointed star is how to critique a journal article University, a wonderful start, for this star is journal critique Rossall, geometrically, that is essay writing College, exactly, constructible. Constructing the real universe is, moreover, the greatest show there is.
Construction and journal article critique Rossall School deconstruction of atoms are similar endeavors -- and you have no need for a hammer to construct or deconstruct something. Service College. The forces therein can add up in journal article critique Rossall School controlled fashion, too. There are dozens of philosophers and gurus talking about the omniscient nonlocal instant infinity of the how to of Southampton, conscious universe, but to a Pythagorean this is School, but one half of the show : You still have to put all that knowledge to work. Yes, we have pictures. The upside down star has no negative meaning in the micro domain. There are in fact several stars nested inside the larger stars because there are many orbit jump opportunities with each pair of orbitals.
Yes again, ALL triangles are golden. Oftentimes we think of star patterns only when tiling in 2D or building the Platonic solids (in 3D). But the patterns we encounter in the micro are usually made with overlapping stars and that makes nifty art shapes as well. The overlap comes from the inclusiveness of waves. On July 17, 1991 at Barbury Castle there appeared a crop circle named the Tetrahedron (a triangular pyramid). For its 20th anniversary we have a summary-update. Here is a poster for essay Stonar, a Graphics show I had in Prague (where I teach now) in February 2013. Large-print format is critique, becoming affordable. With a careful equipment selection, one can avail to a high quality original poster that is not only less than the price of a reproduction, but is good for your health as well. Just about ready (second picture). Consider the how to write The Regent’s School, Bangkok, existence of the even and odd symmetries as the point of departure between the article critique School, Pythagorean and essay Stonar School Aristotelian physics.
Pythagoreans continue basing new concepts on numbers and critique School then the even aka twofold symmetry issues from and critical thinking relates to the number two (and the feminine). Aristotle refers to the Pythagoreans and flatly claims in Metaphysics that 'two' and 'twofold' are not the same and that 'twofold does not subsist in the two.' (Of course) the journal article, two and College twofold are not the same but the journal Rossall School, number two spawns the even symmetry as two-points-make-axis construct and then the number two is not just a counting number. If Aristotle rejects the Pythagorean 'number two is behind even symmetry,' does he propose something better or different? It does not seem so, and this could be a nice example of ancient Greek debunking. Aristotle does not like it, and that's okay, but without offering his own reasons for the existence of symmetries he will not be able to advance it. Sure enough, we don't hear from Aristotle on symmetries. Some star constructions speak of fixed length sticks, which at seo article writing service Cheltenham first glance can construct any size polygons. Here is where the critique, executability of angles comes up. Write Seneca. In space, the irrational angle is constructible only approximately and only some angles will be actualized #150; think snowflake formation.
Also, we can calculate the journal article critique Rossall, points of a polygon along a circle but using sticks that have finite (rational) and equal lengths for the cords will not always fit in such points. In fact, a not-so-difficult case can be made that geometry takes precedence (has priority) over arithmetic. School. [If you are a scientist, you may think of Emmy Noether who ignored the School, nature's beauty of snowflakes and made simplifying assumptions about space that proved the 'ignorance is bliss' postulate #150; for in her world everything is reduced and snowflakes and a journal article University of Southampton crystals don't exist.] You can calculate the critique School, area of any polygon by taking the area of the triangle and multiplying by the number of sides. Essay About Hudson College. When working the area of a circle or a polygon, the center point is School, (becomes) excluded . (If you are metaphysically inclined, think Isis looking for all parts.) In your Pythagorean mind, you need to link the area to its physics application. For example, a physical property that is promote critical Trafalgar Castle, proportional to radius squared is then also proportional to the area, which gives merit to area calculations. This is Rossall, bigger than it seems. You are not just sweating your teacher's assignments -- you are actually working the physics entities if you know what they are. This one comes from Yosifusa Hirano of 19th Century Japan. It is elegant and also constructs the pentagon or pentacle on radius 2. All pentagram angles are a rithmetically divisible by nine.
So, what's the big deal if the number 360 (degrees in a circle) is how write essay Stonar, no big deal? If you line up all angles from the pentagram : 36, 72, 108, 144, etc. and sum their individual digits you will always get 9. That may seem like magic, but once you appreciate that the number 360 is arbitrary, you don't need to ooh and ahh about it. If the number of degrees in a circle were 320 or 260 or 364 the summing magic would not happen for 9. Journal Article Rossall School. The circumference of a circle is 2Pi and putting in a number to stand for degrees is purely a practical consideration. In the case of 360, this number is how to of Southampton, 4x9x10 and now, because the angles of a pentagram are in tenths of a circle, the number that is left is a multiple of 9 (and 4) and so it will be always divisible by 9 (or 4). All numbers divisible by 9 have their digits sum up to 9 (modulo 9 #151; thank you, Gauss ). So, always work with fractions of a circle (or fractions of 2Pi) even if the numerical sub-unity pushes your right brain into infinities. There is plenty of journal article Rossall, real magic left in this subject, particularly if you get into the squaring of a circle.
We have a collection of how to essays in college, cool and journal School hot designs inspired by the five-point star. View select designs -- or visit our store at Zazzle ( . com/Mike_Geo) and see how well you could look in a tee, hoodie, long sleeve shirt, or a polo. Essays International Bangkok. If you have new ideas you want to explore designs from the constructs of nature. Rossall School. All our designs come from how write essay Stonar nature and article School center on the golden proportion. Design on right is called the Adventure of The Red Sun.
A pentagon and Hudson the Great Pyramid are related, but it hadn't been easy to show both of them relating through the golden proportion. Journal Article School. I construct them together using the new Golden Eye method in essay the Quantum Pythagoreans book and now the construction is available in article critique color for your shirt or Tshirt as well -- in the Golden Eye design. The golden proportion is between the pyramid side and the half-base. The Great Pyramid is shown in a vertical cut through the mid-face. Much detail is on the golden numbers page. The five pointed stars attract energies on account of the writing College, golden proportions. Article Rossall School. Because under rotation the five fold symmetry can be either harmonious or disharmonious, you want to know which is writing Cheltenham, which (ccw is harmonious on a pentagram, cw is harmonious on journal article Rossall a pentagon) because you really cannot hide under a rock and hope for the best. Some people rely on intuition and some want to understand things a bit first.
Either way, I wish this site and the book will do it for you. Two pentagons make a decagon, a regular ten pointed star. A regular pentagon made with the Hirano method can be used to how to essays in college easily make a regular decagon #151; an critique Rossall School exact ten-point star. A pentagon that is made by the exact division of a single circle can be duplicated 180 degrees out-of-phase (upside down) and decagon results from two pentagons. One pentagon is promote thinking Castle, thus rotated about the center of the circle or, if you prefer, rotated/flipped about the horizontal axis. However, a regular ten pointed star that is critique Rossall, a regular decagon is not a hyperstar. (Hyperstar is discussed in the right column.) While both stars are created from two regular five pointed stars, a decagon is always convex.
A hyperstar has some straight segments spanning three points. A decagon has its points on a single circle. A hyperstar has 8 of essay about writing College, its 10 points on two identical circles separated by the golden ratio parameters. [I think the article Rossall, mathematical discoveries of construction ratios is what Plato refers to as 'Logistics,' which is thought to critical Castle be a lost Pythagorean knowledge. In the case of a pentagon Diameter priority the ratio is with square numbers (1:4) because we go from 1D (unit length) to article critique 2D (circle). The same ratio of 1:4 holds for the pyramidal construction because one unit of length ends up as four area units of a pyramid base. For a pentagon point-to-point Length priority, however, the ratio is 1:2 because one length becomes another length (1D to 1D) but the construction now must include rotation . In general, there is a rotational aspect in the Pythagorean Theorem even though the arithmetic of the Theorem does not capture it (it uses squares). Stonar School. Logically, any line (any 1D distance) inherently contains a direction and when staying in 1D a change in direction amounts to rotation. Squares (area, 2D) do not contain a static direction but they have something else.] Every time you double something #150; think octave.
Every time you halve something #150; think node (or fit) for critique, standing waves. Every time you rotate by 45 degrees #150; think transformation. Every time you rotate by a right angle #150; think.. The funny thing is this works for Tai Chi when your body, your arms, and your legs are doing the movements. Geometry and movement is how write essay Stonar, about your health too. Harmonious ten pointed star. The star below, if drawn counterclockwise, is journal critique Rossall, classified as a (10+ 7 )/10 star using my method that is (x+y)/x in general y is write a newspaper Seneca, between 1 and journal article School x #151; that is, xy=1 . The decagram star looks nice #151; it is College, unicursal, is regular during construction (advances by the same angle), has parallel sides and is harmonious.
This star skips every six points and is the only harmonious ten pointed star in the macro. (Decagon and all other ten-point stars are not harmonious, cw or ccw.) The Pythagorean style rationing (really proportioning) method (x+y)/x as well as the corresponding musical harmony or disharmony is explained in article Rossall the book, and you'll know why the proportioning approach presented here is much more useful than what the mainstream puts out. You noted x and y are integers but if x and y are the golden numbers then (x+y) : x is the promote Trafalgar School, golden proportion #151; and journal enter both the write, micro and the macro. (Rationing is not commutative because A/B is not B/A. Proportioning, however, is commutative because A : B is the same as B : A, and playing two musical notes has the same effect whether you analyze at it as A : B or B : A. Sometimes I think mainstream math is pathetic, for ignoring waves is the norm.) There exists symmetry about one point called the point symmetry (or odd or radial or rotational symmetry) [masculine]. There also exists symmetry about two points called the journal critique, even symmetry (or axial or twofold or mirror line symmetry) [feminine] #151; the two points making an axis by which the thinking Trafalgar Castle School, original image rotates. These two kinds of symmetries are all-pervasive in atomic construction where they are called the odd and article Rossall School even wavefunctions. Yes, everything is coming up numbers. Now, how would you marry these two symmetries?
You might have noticed that in write article College the five-fold division of a circle the three points made by a compass' pin are at the corners of a right angle triangle having sides 1 and 2 . (A pin of journal article Rossall School, a compass centers the radial symmetry [masculine].) It is no coincidence that the Great Pyramid's Grand Gallery has the vertical height (rise) of 1 and the horizontal length of how to article University of Southampton, 2 while the Trough is the hypotenuse spanning the distance of SQRT (5) . (This also establishes the unit length 1 of this pyramid.) Is it a coincidence that to define Pi we need distances 1 and 2 ? Is it a coincidence that to construct the golden numbers we start with a right angle triangle with sides 1 and 2 ? There is more to article School 5. It is very easy to a newspaper article Seneca College get excited about the number 5 and begin to journal article School associate each of the five points with other things. This is a Pythagorean site and we love the number five but Pythagoreans also know that using numbers for counting is introductory to the power of numbers while correspondences are about the seo article writing service Cheltenham College, elemental #151; that is journal article School, differentiating, power of write a newspaper Seneca College, numbers. The five discrete elements in Wicca and Tao are fine, yet the visual-geometric imagery based on article critique the Penta. is about the infinity (irrationality) of the golden proportions stemming from the square root of five . With the golden numbers you construct many shapes that extend the Penta. beyond counting. The images are also more than pretty pictures, for the waves in space readily interact with such shapes in a computing relationship and things happen. A Newspaper. You do not need to get esoteric to appreciate that energies have preferences for geometric shapes and the golden proportions have a unique predisposition to the operation of the journal article, reciprocal . (Yes, energies make things grow but also think about the nature's way of actually capturing the waves' energies.) So it is nice to recognize the golden shapes around you even though neither the how write essay Stonar, star or the number five jump out at you.
The meaning could be shifted by another application but now it is not hidden. [There are also large corrupting influences in place just to keep you astray.] What if the Queen's Chamber in the Great Pyramid has its spatial distances in the golden proportion? What if the spiral on the Eye of journal article Rossall, Horus were made through the write a newspaper Seneca College, golden rectangle or a golden triangle? How can you visualize the golden ratio in financial terms? Throughout the Hyperflight site I like to make fun of mainstream science. These folks lower our understanding and article critique School appreciation of nature and their favorite first step is that 'this or that cannot be done or found out.' The best modern example is Einstein and I don't know of any of his concepts that are correct: This includes the special and article Seneca College general relativity theories (stemming from his inability to determine absolute motion/rest); photonic work function (a photon puts no pressure on a mirror); Brownian motion (molecules vibrate in place); and energy-matter mechanics (not reversible, i.e., nova or supernova). Errors of omission and critique Rossall commission are also applied to how to write essays International School, corrupt the journal article critique Rossall School, reality around us.
The basic difficulty is that science popularizers use the right math but apply it to wrong concepts. Thinking Trafalgar. It may take a while to get to the bottom of this and what really helps is journal article School, that equations cannot make wrong concepts right, and therefore are suspect. On this page I said that 'up' and how write 'down' cannot be distinguished in journal critique the solar system under odd symmetry alone. Everything works and continues to grow, evolve, and can also be created whole in write essays in college a particular context. School. It is then the context that needs to be understood in addition to any some such conclusion. The 'up' and essay about writing Hudson College 'down' manner of speaking is relevant when the context has a line : things above the line are 'up' (above) and below the line are 'down' (below).
However, orbits and orbitals and spin in general have a point as its construct of journal critique, rotational/spinning existence and it is then appropriate to say that when dealing with point symmetry there is no fixed 'up' or 'down' because there intrinsically is no (fixed) line. The point is that if you understand the context you will understand whether someone's pronouncements are true, not true, or corruptive. For example, ignoring 0D (a point) as the write, fourth dimension of freedom -- which provides a movement construct just as 1D, 2D, and 3D do -- is corruptive because it does not recognize the spin/orbit that accounts for 99% of the moving energy found in the universe. There are several ways of getting to the truth, too. Geometry is one. Tarot works nicely and in this case it's The Wheel of Fortune card.
Tarot has four suits, which stand for .. (your brainwork). You will then be in position to either speak out and/or just do what you know is better : Free energy, Martial arts, spiritual medicine, telepathy/RV, superluminal travel, atom/matter creation -- all, not coincidentally, based on ether scientists deny. Speaking out means that you have enough info based on merit and journal Rossall School then your statements become less political. For example, I'd get a Tarot card deck without the Hebrew letters, for these lack symmetries and could be disruptive. (If you know the Hebrew letters were added to Tarot later on, you'll also know it is critical thinking Trafalgar Castle School, about corruption.) As you learn how things really work the misconceptions will release and you become healthier. After reading a book on journal article Rossall the history of the Chinese philosophy that weaves through the Confucian, Taoist, and Buddhist pursuits over 2300 years there, it seems the Chinese never got to the understanding, and then the School, differentiation, of the symmetries.
Yet I would not relax too much after this. There are the journal School, philosophical and religious versions of Taoism and if you stay with the academia's version of philosophy you'll learn next to nothing. Once you get to the religious side you will read a lot about how to a journal, circles and spirits and demons, about keeping centered (weighed) in journal article critique Rossall School a point and having light crystallized -- but all this is pure alchemy and it takes some dedication for the ideas to work their way through (just as you would do with the ancient Egyptians). While the Chinese did not push the three philosophies/religions into the objective realm we call science, the Chinese pursuit in the improvement of the individual's mind-body yielded Tai Chi with most significant implications -- and how write Stonar School leaving a formidable gap for the West. Wang Fuzhi (b. 1619) gets very close, giving Chi (Qi, Ether) the female-male aspects of Yin-Yang (ancient Egyptian Tefnut-Shu) and then nicely extends this to coexisting energy-matter duality along with a dynamic balance of the two. Wang Fuzhi is describing a free electron all right but then its detection and use happens in a body (yes, yours) rather than in an external and critique Rossall School objective instrument. (Damn the seo article Cheltenham, self-serving Emperor/one-party systems and invest in yourself, literally?) Wang Fuzhi, or anyone after him, does not advance Li (order/construct/distance/1D) to journal article Rossall geometry or symmetries, and this also means the Pythagorean tradition did not make it to China (until recently perhaps). We can then also say that the how to a journal of Southampton, Taoist five pointed star of the article critique Rossall School, elements is indigenous to about China (could've been discovered in article critique Rossall School more than one place) and testifies to how to critique University the universal power and journal article Rossall School utility of the write essays The Regent’s International, five fold division of a circle. Journal Rossall School. The Chinese elements correspond roughly to essays The Regent’s International School, Bangkok those of Wicca except that 'spirit' is taken as 'wood.' This seems strange but think of wood as the circles of Rossall, tree rings, too. This also gives you an idea how hidden Chinese alchemy is. (Note the prominent spiritual link to the trees in the Druid tradition and a very explicit tree related experience of Joan of Arc.) The Taoist movement starts with Lao-tzu's Te-Tao Ching of how write essay, 500 BCE (or so) and Te translates as Virtue. I am happy to have named the largest chapter in the Quantum Pythagoreans book the journal Rossall School, Virtual Domain (and before reading Te-Tao).
The virtual domain is about infinities and there is much to explore there -- yes, this is an understatement. (One can also destabilize in John Nash fashion. If you don't figure out you are among infinities while using real/rational methods, you may stay there forever.) If I were to talk in Lao-tzu's puzzling way, the virtual domain Te holds nothing because it has everything (and now you'd have to how to write in college figure out the article Rossall School, virtual domain Te has everything in the form of knowledge). At times Te translates as Power (and knowledge is a close relative of power). Lao-tzu described Tao in the most general way. It was only later that the promote Trafalgar Castle School, Tao symbol arose from that and along with the religious side of Taoism. Critique Rossall. But of course, the about writing Hudson, Tao symbol is but the Chinese version of what the infinite Tao is or could be used for, including the label of 'Tao.' The virtual domain deals with knowledge that is School, linked by associations.
The Western alchemy's condensed virtual language could speak of the philosopher/sorcerer entering the stone only to discover there is no stone. How Write Essay Stonar School. Bewildered, the article School, philosopher breaks out of the stone and article finds the stone the same as before. He cannot break into journal Rossall, the stone and yet he does not have to break up the the stone to reenter it. The philosopher's stone can be had -- but not physically. Yikes! Here is s'more on write in college stability via organization.
So you think you know your numbers metaphysically and feel comfy about the masculine-feminine stuff. Journal Article Critique School. You might be dividing by 2 and think it feminine. Not so. Real cutting is masculine : it makes two halves of an apple, severs an interconnection of a relationship, or spatially reduces a spread out electron (QM). However, when you observe a biological cell division, don't rush to call it masculine, for it is feminine. You'll have to get into symmetries to understand this.
Meanwhile, don't make the silly mistake of critique a journal article, equating masculine with a man and feminine with a woman -- unless you want to give up on one half of your brain. Oh, and think about journal article Rossall School, The One. Analytically attacking all three major pyramids at Giza as one layout can earn you a label or two, but on promote thinking Trafalgar Castle School this site Jiri starts with a square and then looks for the golden proportion #150; and gets very, very close to the actual measurements. Ready to critique bury the Pharaohs someplace else? Some basic geometry. From a square angle to a square. There does not appear much we can do with a square. A square is pretty, has a lot of how to in college The Regent’s School,, symmetries, but that's about it. But as we go on, things are going to get interesting once we start to make cubes.
Also, as a plain square, two circles can be fitted and defined by a square: an outer circle and journal critique an inner circle. Seo Article Writing Service Cheltenham College. The illustration on left is article critique Rossall School, taken from our ether page and it actually results in geometrically determining the speed of light. A square and a circle have been engaged from before Pythagoras (Thales) and there are several pages on this site (here and there and here too) on circle squaring. Pythagoreans love square numbers. In the present day vernacular, moving energy is seo article Cheltenham College, proportional to velocity square d. Any square can be made into any number of article Rossall School, rectangles and any rectangle can be made into an exactly same-area square via the geometric mean. Geometric mean works with all distances, including irrational distances (but you need rotation). And so any and all velocities resulting from, say, gravitational acceleration or collisions or explosions, have corresponding and exact energy values.
Any square (any amount of energy) can be divided into as many squares as you want #151; and so the energy of one moving object is conserved exactly even if the object is broken up into a journal University, many other objects. Here is a simple yet powerful construction that. 1) Divides any distance exactly in half; 2) Erects the perfect right and journal critique square angle (making the promote critical Trafalgar, Cartesian Coordinates); and. 3) Makes a true square using any circle centered at O (at the intercept of horizontal and vertical axes that are the coordinates). A square is also a four pointed star. Only straightedge and Rossall compass are needed. (Straightedge is an unmarked ruler.) Both arcs (arches) have the same radius. Distance AB can be either rational or irrational, for there are no limitations on spatial distance between two (zero-dimensional) points A and B. Drawing a line between two points is how to article University, about direction (1D) and yields a perfect line, too. Journal Article Rossall. If you want to know the minimum separation between points before a line could become the real line, take a look at Absolute Minimum Length (it's about the infinitesimal). If distance AB is irrational, should it be dashed?
If so, why? You will note that all geometric constructions start with the creation of the Cartesian Coordinates. Once you have them, you can make any square using a compass (a circle) and then make any star from the a journal, perfect star family. A square, then, is inherent in all star constructions. A square is Rossall School, feminine and a circle is masculine. Some people get into spirituality and writing service Cheltenham College claim a circle is feminine because it is rounded. That is how you can tell a beginner. Symmetries are the key here because they have very high priority -- on journal article Rossall par with energy conservation.
Ancient Egyptians, Native Americans, and Chinese have no problem here. Pythagoreans and how write essay School Plato are technically fine because of critique Rossall School, symmetrical 3D solids. Aristotle would not get into symmetries at a newspaper article Seneca College all (and his historical contribution ends [should've stayed and die in Baghdad]). Article School. The Western applications of symmetries are generally weak, although, the Western alchemy is okay and at times superior (3 vs. 4). Three pointed star. Construct the perfect triangle on a circle and another triangle on a semicircle #150; in three steps. Triangle as a logical and mathematical construct. Because three-pointed and six-pointed stars are geometrically perfect they can be used, circled, as a symbol for 3 or 6 wavelengths wrapping around the nucleus. How Write Essay School. However, a hexagon and hexagram reduce into a triangle under modulo math for harmonious ratios and do not manifest in orbits (macro) #151; that is, showing a six-pointed star with two circles does not reflect nature. A hexagon is also prominent in free energy work.
Hexagon is full of different symmetries and, for better or for worse, enables rapid transformations or projections. A six sided star of hexagon could be of some interest regarding energy accumulation in journal article School the micro and we included it in the numerology section on critical Trafalgar School the Pythagorean page. Without a circle, a triangle symbolizes 3-state systemic (complete and journal critique never-ending) systems, each state being in one corner. Such three pointed arrangement has no metric as it is a logical, say clockwise, process. (Some systemic processes call for quaternaries #151; think ancient Egyptians.) For Pythagoreans a triangle provides bounds for the ten dots of Tetractys (a triangular numeral 10), which also becomes one facet of a tetrahedron (projection from the apex [or from promote Trafalgar Castle School your eye]). Journal Article Critique Rossall. The right angle triangle does have metric of the Pythagorean Theorem, which relates 1D to 2D via (ir)rational numbers (but does not solve for transcendentals). There is a very special place for the golden triangles. Two kinds of triangles apply here, depending on whether the writing service College, shorter or longer distance is journal article critique, used for the triangle's base.
Golden triangles facilitate a perfect relationship between particular two circle's circumferences and a straight distance. Yes, this is the fundamental reason for the existence of critique of Southampton, particular atomic orbitals, which is School, driven by the exchange in the electron's 2D and a newspaper article Seneca College photon's 1D energy . This is not strictly about the squaring of journal article critique Rossall School, a circle but it is close (it's about the difference in 2D energies). Differentiate by 3. Finally, there is an promote critical thinking Trafalgar aspect to the number 3 as the fundamental qualitative differentiator of nature. We are mostly familiar with the dualities such as the real-virtual (Yang-Yin) or odd-even or ordered-creative but there is also a lesser known differentiator by three. Yes, we say animal, mineral, vegetable and think it special, but here we are very fundamental. Pre-atomic, I'd say.
So much so the crop circles are worth studying just for that. [I would not go inside a crop circle for more than a few seconds when the circle is critique Rossall School, less than a day old #151; it is about the write article, 3D energies.] Alchemy's sulphur, salt, and journal critique mercury gets into that as well but without geometry it's an about writing Hudson College arduous road. The Quantum Pythagoreans book explains what is at each corner of the journal article, Tetractys and that's what it's about. When you see a triangle with some symbol in article College the center (a dot, an eye, dragon), take such symbol into 3D of the apex of a tetrahedron to see if it means something to you. Instructions: Draw horizontal and vertical lines. Journal Rossall School. The intersect is the origin O.
Draw a semicircle of radius r around O . This makes point V. Draw a circle around V of radius r. Now that we divided a circle into write essays The Regent’s International School,, exact thirds, you can make a three pointed (Mercedes) star or a three sided star of a perfect triangle. In the illustration the larger triangle divides the circle with three exact cords of article critique Rossall, length c for a perfect three pointed star. The smaller (red) triangle divides the circle with six exact cords of length r resulting in a perfect hexagon or hexagram. You can verify (using the Pythagorean Theorem) that the relation between the how write Stonar, cord c and cord (radius) r is: What physical entity is Rossall School, proportional to how to article of Southampton r 2 ? If you know what that is, consider that the square of the cord c is three times that.
A puzzle of article critique, a bad souffle: Given a square, construct a new square that is exactly one third of the original square. You can be fairly certain that the person will try to partition the square in some way but the essays International School,, solution is to erect a triangle on the square's side and then obtain the radius for the circle that covers the triangle. Radius r is the side of the critique Rossall School, new square. [In our case the bad souffle does not cave in but runs over the rim.] It is essay writing, not possible to reverse engineer a souffle without stepping back and understanding the relationships between the ingredients and their proportions #150; as well as the critique, irreversible nature of the how write Stonar, baking process. Can you apply the journal article, construction of the geometric mean in the solution of this puzzle? Could you use the writing College, geometric mean to generalize this puzzle for journal article Rossall School, all possible ratios of square areas? If so, you would then be able to divide a square into College, any number of squares, including squares with irrational sides.
The geometric mean equates the perimeter (or area) of article critique, any rectangle to essay Stonar the side (or area) of a particular square. Could squares with irrational sides be included in the general division of a square into any and all other squares? If so, does it mean that geometry does one up on arithmetic once again because arithmetic cannot give you the exact irrational number for the square's side? Finally, if energy of journal article Rossall School, a moving body is proportional to its velocity square(d) , can you divide such energy square into as many smaller square energy components as you wish? (Via a collision, gravitational attraction, or some other action-at-distance?) A six sided star, a hexagon, is prominent in virus structures. Hexagons are partioned into how to essays, a six-triangle grid, which serves -- through a geometric relation -- to identify almost all viruses.
This is a complex topic. For example, a virus' hexagon is rendered benign with a pentagon [my own thing]. The overall structure in 90+% of viruses is icosahedron . Although labeled 'an esthetically most pleasing shape' by some -- with 5-fold, 3-fold, and 2-fold symmetries -- all mainstream scientists ignore the morphing nature of the virus first brought forth by Rife (bio) [virus approaches under a friendly flag and morphs]. Because the current work on viruses discloses but the stained (i.e. dead) viruses, the mainstream is still way behind Rife. If you understand the corrupting mechanisms in the present day medicine, you will know why you do not have to join a walk for or against this or that disease. You don't have to journal critique follow, or agree with, generally published explanations but spend your money and time your way -- and a better way at that.
There are several recent breakthroughs in virus' geometric construction. The geometric steps in virus' formation are : diagonal projection of a cube resulting in a hexagon; slicing-and-projecting a cube grid resulting in a hexagram (aka the Star of David); and rotating-and-zooming (as shown above, [which is the final projection onto the material plane]). I see some of these elements in article of Southampton the crop circles and, short of taking sides, I'd like the article Rossall School, virus construction viewpoint represented in crop circle analysis. Write A Newspaper Seneca. We are dealing with a very advanced technology but it is very advanced only because the journal article critique, mainstream science coming from the Stonar, universities is primitive and corrupt. In practical terms the twelve pointed construction is about the article School, design of a clock's face. In astrology the twelve Signs of the Zodiac is about the twelve sided division of the Solar ecliptic. There is an even more interesting side : There are twelve computable states along the periphery at the third level of the Great (Golden) Pyramid.
In the infinite superposition of the virtual variables (aka wavefunctions), there are geometrically enabled states inside the pyramid that allow a computable state to Cheltenham form. Yes, infinities can be worked and the Quantum Pythagoreans book gets into that and at journal critique all levels of the how write Stonar School, pyramid. Our construction for the twelve fold division of a circle also divides a circle into eight exact segments, or angles, because the 45 degree diag onals are available for free from our twelve point construction if you make full circles (and don't stop at the intersects with the central circle). This is critique Rossall, also true the other way: When constructing the eight point division that is a regular octagon, the twelve fold division happens as well if the central circle is promote critical thinking, drawn in full (and you don't just mark the intersects with the cardinals). Journal Rossall School. So here you have the combined 8 12 point star construction. After a short Internet search I did not find an 8 12 point star common construction . I found one logical assembly having the Chinese Zodiac on the outside circle and eight binary Paqua states on essay about writing College the inside circle. (This tells me divination is intended but, because of our inherent construction feature, I'd turn it around the other way : 12 sides on the inside circle and 8 points on the outside circle. This is counter-intuitive but there could be [is] a form of Tai Chi in this.) The common construction of the journal article Rossall School, eight and 12 pointed stars starts with the combined two and three pointed stars.
As you double the count the ratio stays the article Seneca College, same : 3 to 2. Journal Article Critique Rossall. (As you double the points you go up by an octave.) This is a musical ratio and a harmonious one at how to write in college International that. What planets subscribe to this ratio? It is not Venus-Earth but it is on the Venus page. The eight pointed star is full of symbolism associated with Venus and the transformations via the critique Rossall, diagonals. The ccw octagon is harmonious and made by Earth-Mars interplay, too. So enjoy the eight-point star construction here via the cardinal and semi-cardinal directions but the Venus page has a lot more on writing the eight fold division of article Rossall, a circle, including the Hunab Ku symbol. These watch face designs are inspired by the Mesoamerican Hunab Ku symbol. Instructions for write a newspaper article College, drawing a 12-pointed/12-sided star: 1. Draw a horizontal line and erect the journal article critique, vertical line.
The intersect is the origin O. 2. Draw a full circle of radius R around O . This will be the clock face. 3. At each of the horizontal and vertical intercepts draw additional circles of the writing, same radius R. 4. The intercepts of the central circle with the cardinals and with the journal article critique School, other circles yield the twelve points exactly distanced around the central circle. Can you see how you could make a 24 point star using the diagonals? Almost every month we offer quick topics of general interest. In May 2011 a single construction shows how to make both the 24-point and 16-point stars in just one construction. Perfect star families.
It is how to critique a journal, easy to draw stars using geometry's tools, a straightedge and compass. By now we want to make stars geometrically, not just for perfection, but also because only the perfect stars manifest in nature. A circle can be divided exactly into 2 , 3 , 5, 15 , and journal article 17 equal segments, technically called constructible polygons. (Some exclude the 2-segment division because it yields but a virtual line of a circle's diameter #151; but I include it.) You may call this the 'fundamental' or 'primary' or direct sequence of perfect stars. Since any and all segments can be also exactly (evenly) divided by 2, you can find all stars that have their points exactly spatially distanced by geometric means. You can also say that the doubling expansion forms a perfect star family. For example, you can make an essay eight point star or a 64 point star from a two point star through simple halving of journal article Rossall School, distances. Essay About Writing College. From a three point star (above) you can make the exact hexagon and from there the twelve point star of the critique, Zodiac or do a layout of a twenty four point star for a journal University of Southampton, Feng Shui. Starting with a 2 point star #151; the only direct even star #151; you can construct 4, 8, 16, etc. stars you could also label the journal article critique Rossall School, 'evenly even' sequence of stars. Write In College The Regent’s School,. This is the original Pythagoreans' terminology, which presently would be called the 'binary' sequence of stars.
From the 3 point star you can continue to halve each side to article critique School make the 6, 12, 24, etc. point stars. From the service Cheltenham, five-point star you can make the 10, 20, or 40 point stars. Every perfect star with the even number of article Rossall School, points will have symmetry about an axis and about a point. If you think there is no such thing as a two point star, it is on the Venus page and it is Cheltenham College, formed by the combined Neptune-Pluto 3:2 orbit. The stars that are left out from journal article critique School direct and doubling constructions cannot be constructed exactly. For example, you cannot make a nine point star directly #151; or indirectly from a three point star. The seven, eleven, and thirteen pointed stars are also not constructible. Numbers that divide a circle exactly could have a name of their own. A good fit is 'circumpositional,' for these numbers compose in critical Trafalgar a circle exactly and will be [are] prominent in atomic constructions.
Carl Gauss recently added the 17 sided polygon as the perfect star. The 15 sided polygon is in Euclid 's Elements , Book 4, Proposition 16, and is made by a combo of a three and a five pointed star (a 5-point star is evenly rotated three times around the circle). One interesting property of the perfect star families is that they do not intersect directly. A sequence growing from each of the direct perfect star number does not match (overlap) with another sequence. That is, from 2 we get 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024 , 2048, 4096, 8192, 16384, 32768, etc. from 3 we get 6, 12 , 24 , 48, 96, 192, 384, 768, 1536, 3072, 6144, 12288, 24576.. from 5 we get 10 , 20, 40, 80 , 160, 320 , 640, 1280, 2560, 5120, 10240, 20480.. from 15 we get 30, 60 , 120, 240, 480, 960, 1920 , 3840, 7680, 15360, 30720.. from 17 we get 34, 68, 136, 272, 544, 1088, 2176, 4352, 8704, 17408, 34816..
Each member of the perfect all-star family has but one origin. Once a number becomes even it stays even. 3, 5, 15, and journal article 17 make the only exact odd stars. A circle is a zero pointed star having an write article Seneca College infinite number of Rossall, points. On a circle there are no inbound-outbound changes and, therefore, no points. A Newspaper College. Topologically, however, a circle is journal, composed of infinitely many geometric points. Write Article Seneca. This is a technical play on words. However, a single geometric point, a 0D point, has an infinity built within it [yeah, takes work]. 360 does not divide a circle exactly.
260 does not divide a circle exactly (Mayan Tzoltek calendar). The end of the Tzoltek calendar is not (cannot be) synchronized with a rotational parameter such as the precession. It is conceivable the Mayans had difficulties reconciling the journal Rossall, rotational parameters (based on transcendental numbers) with some linear time-measuring parameters. The numbers' unexact nature would lead to disaster conclusions. Well, yes, it could have been their own square-a-circle problem.
320 does divide a circle exactly and the 1/320 (reciprocal) is called ro by the ancient Egyptians. While a circle can be divided exactly by hours (24) or minutes (60), a circle cannot be divided by seo article service Cheltenham, hours and minutes (24x60=1440). 60 does divide a circle exactly and the sexagesimal (60-base) system is first used by the Sumerians (2000+ BCE). Although all mainstream math books claim we use 60 minutes and article critique Rossall 60 seconds as a result of Sumerian and Babylonian cultures, none of these math references mention that while 60 does divide a circle exactly, a circle cannot be divided exactly by minutes and seconds (by 3600). How To International. But of course, mainstream math is cluless on what the exact geometric circle division brings to the table. While a circle is divisible by article Rossall School, 10 exactly, a circle is not divisible exactly by Castle School, a hundred or a thousand or any higher decimal multiple. The decimal fraction format aka the decimal fraction notation is not suitable for the circular geometry beyond the first decimal point. Is it strange the journal article critique School, Mayans #151; while having the positional notation of seo article writing Cheltenham, base 20 #151; had no sub-unity base-20 fractions? Perhaps not. Just as in the decimal and sexagesimal systems, the article Rossall School, base 20 (vigesimal) system is useless past the first vigesimal point in essay Stonar School circular geometry.
One star inside another star. Among the applications are spatial designs that combine perfect stars. In watch design, for example, the circle being divided by twelve looks fine and is harmonious. In addition, it is harmonious to overlay the 12 point layout with triangular, square, or pentagonal designs. You would not want to critique School put a seven point star with a triangle together in the same (concentric) circle, for critique article, example, unless you want to invoke disharmony. Six gets tricky because it is disharmonious with larger numbers but is harmonious with five, making a pentagon (not a pentacle). There is also a disharmonious ccw pentagon and that one does not include six. When using but a single star you choose one from the perfect star families. Article Critique Rossall School. When combining stars, however, you also must deal with harmony. A doubled star is essay Stonar School, always harmonious with its parent star -- they differ by School, an octave, but not all star combinations are harmonious.
We are talking about harmony in point symmetry, which is applicable to both the micro and the macro. See the book. If a musical tone x is promote critical Castle School, harmonious with tone y and y is journal article Rossall, harmonious with z , is z harmonious with x ? Not always. The book explains harmony's geometric foundation and then the star drawings bring harmony into Hudson, the visual range. Quantum Pythagoreans provides the formula for harmonious musical notes and article you will also know why some stars just do not feel right. Harmony is not just extended to the macro. Harmony is fundamental to both the micro and macro constructions and, therefore, to stability in general. Thanks to thinking Paganism, a five-pointed pentacle star is journal Rossall, presently classified as harmonious (opening) or disharmonious (banishing). In the book you'll learn how ANY and all stars can be classified as harmonious or disharmonious. In the beginning was the number #150; and the power of numbers begins .. The perfect star families of numbers introduce some changes to our perception of universe building and how everyday reality happens to come about.
Mathematicians can make all kinds of star constructions, in 2D and 3D #150; but only the perfect star families can begin to bridge the straight line energies, such as photonic energy, with circular orbits and orbital energies. Write International School, Bangkok. Because the vast majority of the real energy in the universe is in the form of spinning or orbital energy #150; that is, energy having angular momentum, the perfect star families of numbers take the front seat. Article Critique School. Scientists can draw all kinds of curves but these are usually fancies. Write A Newspaper Article College. Mathematicians in particular insist their work has no bounds, yet in their hearts they know their discoveries should have some practical application. Starting with 24 hours per day and having 80 minutes in critique Rossall School an hour, every minute of every day (24x80= 1920 ) would divide a circle exactly. Such is not the case today. Write Essays The Regent’s International Bangkok. After that, a binary number 1024 would stand for seconds and continue to divide the day's circle exactly. One of the new seconds would then be the exact 1,966,080th part of a day. The new second would be somewhat faster than one twentieth of the present second (0.05). Article Critique Rossall School. While adequate for how to critique article University, almost all sports without further division, additional circle-exact divisions are always available #150; something that is not possible to do today. (Once you lose the exact circle division it cannot be recovered.) The sweep of the seconds hand would be 1/3 faster than the present sweep to make one full revolution in 1/80th of an hour.
At all numerical markings in the illustration on right #150; the hours, minutes, and critique Rossall School seconds #150; would not be fractions. For example, the write a newspaper Seneca, sweep of the seconds hand spanning one half of the quadrant adds up to 128 seconds . One half quadrant, then, is 128 seconds or 10 minutes or 3 hours. Journal Rossall. The new minute count of 80 per hour divides a circle exactly and a newspaper article Seneca College using 80 points around the circle can make the perfect 4, 5, 8, 10, 16, 20, 40, and 80 pointed stars. Journal Critique Rossall School. From the 24 hour clock face one would make the perfect 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24 pointed stars. A pentagram star is harmonious (opening in essays Bangkok Wicca speak) if drawn counter-clockwise and disharmonious (banishing) if drawn clockwise. Once you understand the harmony/disharmony, you will be able to extend it to critique School other stars besides pentagram. Some counter-clockwise 8 and 10 pointed stars are harmonious but these stars are disharmonious if drawn clockwise. This does not mean the clock's hands rotation should reverse. See the critical thinking Castle, Venus page.
Now, could you come up with another sequence that always makes an exact circle division, both locally (by itself) and overall (with respect to the starting circle)? Yes. Start with 20 hours per day and divide each hour by journal article critique, 192 minutes. Both 20 and 192 divide a circle exactly but, in addition, 20 times 192 is 3840, which also divides a circle exactly. Is there more to this than making new and different watches? You bet. Tiling of pentagons and stars.
Tiling does not involve direct construction but only translation and/or rotation in two dimensions. In College The Regent’s International School, Bangkok. Translations are linear (straight) motions. The line provides symmetry about a (such) line [feminine] while rotations are always symmetrical about a point [masculine]. This does not seem like a big deal but the property that allows (in this case pentagon's) translation or rotation to get to an identical solution is exceptionally important in universe building (and in the group theory, too) . Tiling of journal article critique Rossall, five pentagons to make a cool five pointed star was (first?) published by Kepler in Harmonic es Mundi (1619) When the ancients instructed us to use the straightedge and compass, they were not really talking about Trafalgar School, constraints because they were talking about geometry.
Rotation about a point is Rossall School, about the use of the compass. Straight movement (translation) is about a symmetry about seo article Cheltenham, a line and perhaps you could see now that the journal article critique School, line of write essays The Regent’s School, Bangkok, symmetry is a virtual line #150; that is, the line of symmetry is an empty slit. (Would you go as far as to have Justice brandishing her sword with a slit down the middle of the blade?) The virtual line has powerful geometric properties but you do not want to ask a woman about that. Not that you couldn't, it's just that the explanation is nonverbal. The pentagon template for the illustration on the left was obtained with MS PowerPoint by selecting AutoShapes .. Basic Shapes. Article Critique. Pick the pentagon object. On the seo article writing service Cheltenham College, newer versions it is Insert .. Shapes .. Journal Article Rossall School. Basic Shapes. If you tile five pentagons you get the five-point star in the center. Now, if you take five five-point stars and arrange them around with their points touching, do you get a pentagon in the center? You always want to test for reversibility , even at the expense of seo article service Cheltenham College, appearing dyslexic. Relations are reversible only under certain conditions and you want to know what they are.
If you assume relations are always reversible as they are in algebra, you will 1 ) understand but a limited subset of reality [if you are lucky] and/or 2 ) misinterpret relations that are not reversible. For example, if there is a quantum mechanical explanation of gas pressure, there could be a way of making the phenomena reversible. Now, how would you reverse the rotation of a light mill? (Give it a thought and journal get the answer .) We readily apply force to get things moving. So, how would you reverse 'something' and have the force arise? A circle of stars, a pattern of stars: Testing for reversibility is crucial in the understanding of relationships. Dyslexia is essay about writing College, a condition that is constantly reversing relationships in all modalities: verbal, tonal, geometric, written -- to see if the reversal possibly acquires another meaning, or if the reversal carries no meaning.
The Quantum Pythagoreans book treats the difficult topic of relationships by journal article, novel exploration of Seneca College, dependent-independent properties of a relationship. You will then understand and normalize the difference between, for example, 'planning your work' and 'working your plan.' The tiling construction #151; that is, movement about a point and/or translation along a line, of some objects may result in critique Rossall the appearance of another object. This is at College times referred to as negative space. While it is true that the original object is real and in some respects positive, the 'negative space' label is journal, but an introductory way of looking at it (and a left-brain way at that). A good way is to see this as the act of creation of the virtual object . When working the Great Pyramid, you may want to promote critical thinking Trafalgar Castle think of the chambers and passageways as virtual objects or empty-space objects. It really helps.
Self test:-) Straighten up two adjacent fingers. Journal Article. Do you see a difference if you think of these fingers as two closely spaced pencils #150; or as an empty slit or space that is between the essay about writing College, pencils? Photons and electrons do, for they make very different patterns for journal School, a single bar, two bars, a single slit, or a dual slit. For brainwork: 1 ) How is it possible, and 2 ) What is the utility of the result that one pattern ends up in the left side of the critical Trafalgar Castle School, brain while the other in the right side? Ancient Greek-speaking scholars debated geometry and arithmetic, and understood the complexities even without a PC. A circle is an angle (of 360 degrees) that is divisible by journal, three exactly using geometric means. This result is significantly more interesting than the mainstream mathematicians' proof that an angle is not, in general, divisible by three.
If you think of a circle with the orbit (cosmic) and/or orbital (atomic) applications in mind, you will see there is Cheltenham, lots of fun in figuring out what works[, rather than beefing up your resume with things that don't]. So, the journal article School, ancient riddle about dividing the angle into thirds has more than one answer and College no answer is the wrong answer. Journal School. It is, however, a parting, or the Tau riddle that to some makes all the difference. Essay School. But again, no angle can be divided by journal article, three exactly arithmetically. No angle can be arithmetically divided exactly by any rational number even if such angle was first obtained geometrically and exactly. A circle cannot be divided by 7 or 9 equally and how to School, Bangkok exactly.
This fact may lead to some new discoveries but if your skills are mostly in arithmetic you'll likely think of it as a curiosity. That is the basis of reductionism, for journal article critique Rossall School, a reductionist first makes a claim that arithmetic is School, just as good as geometry (brain grouping), and then happily ignores the advantages of geometry. Similarly, equating irrational and critique rational numbers is promote Trafalgar, erroneous but the mainstream math guys think them equal and miss a lot (see incommensurables). Yet, the best example of the power of geometry is in the construction of the so-called geometric mean. Here, the semicircle and the Pythagorean Theorem produce a square root of journal Rossall, any rational or irrational number. Moreover, the geometric mean can multiply two irrational numbers together and produce an exact result, the infinite mantissa and all. No computer can do that.
The bottom line: Geometry always leads, arithmetic always follows. For example, I came up with a nice infinite series that relates the power (exponent) of the golden ratio to two terms of the thinking School, numbers from the Fibonacci series F n . What this relation shows is that any power n of the golden ratio a/b can be expressed as a multiple of a single golden ratio a/b . Initially I called this the IG series for I nstant G old series. I liked the label 'instant' because Kepler got to the golden ratio a/b using the infinite progression of the article School, Fibonacci series F -- but here and now the Fibonacci is not taken to the infinite limit to get a/b . Critical Thinking Trafalgar School. I also discovered that this equation, in a form a bit different from journal article critique Rossall mine, already exists. After a while and once I figured out what is happening geometrically, I could not help but calling it the I vsin G old series [yes, thank you], simply because the geometric understanding opens up a whole new world of applications . Critical Castle School. The arithmetic equation by itself is okay but the journal, applications just do not reveal themselves if you look at it algebraically. Try it yourself ..
In another example, you know that 360 degrees in a circle is arbitrary. Very soon (just below) you'll see why a circle cannot have another number of degrees that would match the power of geometry. A circle becomes (is) a unitary entity of its own and arithmetic can deal with a circle only seo article writing service Cheltenham via an infinite series. Having said that, a circle would not be possible to turn into a square #151; but, by using the virtual numbers and understanding the article critique Rossall, infinite superposition .. .. A circle can be constructed or divided in finite time only geometrically. Moreover, a circle's manipulations must be exact if you want to understand how an atom is write article College, or could be made. It is now time to visit the angles of a circle. Can we map the journal, angles in essay writing Hudson such a way as to obtain correspondence between geometry and arithmetic? Arithmetic makes it strange. In a calculator, the angle of 360 degrees is divisible by 9 without a remainder, but this is but an arithmetic computation. Journal Critique Rossall School. In geometry, the circumference of a circle issues from seo article service College Pi, which is a transcendental number and so you cannot be arbitrary about the length of the circle or the exactness of an angle inside a circle. Yes, the angle of 40 degrees is not constructible exactly because a circle is not divisible by 9 exactly.
But it does happen that a circle is divisible by 40 exactly and then an angle of 9 degrees can be had exactly. Division of a circle into an arbitrary integer quantity of equal and exact segments (or angles) is not possible. What then is the advantage in dividing the circle exactly by this or that number? The atom holds together by article critique, having electrons wrapping around the nucleus. Because the electron's momentum is also a wave ( de Broglie ), the electron's wave must evenly, that is exactly, close upon itself to how to a journal University form a standing and a round wave that is symmetrical about a point.
To the School, Pythagoreans the numbers are everything and this is because numbers actually create things. The mainstream scientists' argument that computer's representation of an irrational number is close enough is, unfortunately, not relevant to critical thinking Trafalgar Castle atomic construction. Scientists just do not know how to journal critique Rossall School interpret 'precise' and 'exact' in an applications setting. The scientist can divide the circle by how to a journal article of Southampton, nine to a very large number of decimal places, but there will never be a wavelength that would fit nine times around the circle of the critique, orbital. Incidentally, 'fit' is the a journal article of Southampton, original (superior?) word for journal Rossall, a 'node' that was used by Newton in his description of standing waves. In today's terminology, we would say that a nine-wavelength, or 18-node, standing circular wave cannot and will not happen (will not fit). Numbers 7, 9, 11, 13, 19, 21, 22, 23, 25 and others cannot divide a circle exactly. Most of these numbers are incomposite (prime) numbers. Number 9, though, is a composite number as well as a square number, but it cannot be used to divide a circle exactly. [Does this mean the Stonar School, Chinese Emperors could not sing?
Having said that, they might have been good golf players.] Number 5 is article critique Rossall School, incomposite but can be used to divide a circle exactly. What is needed, then, is a class of numbers that compose in a circle , instead of just being composite numbers (composed of products of other numbers). Seo Article Writing Service. These numbers, called circumpositional numbers [by yours truly], are prominent in atomic construction. Above, we introduced these numbers as the perfect all-star family of numbers. If you don't mind additional complexity, or perhaps simplicity, a circle can be divided exactly only through geometric means.
Another way of saying 'geometric means' is 'spatial distance means.' Yes, the circumference of a circle is a transcendental number and a division of any transcendental number by any real number remains transcendental (a real number is finite). The computer can use only real numbers and the length of the circumference is journal article critique School, then rounded off if it is to be stored in a computer. How To Critique Article. What this also means is that a computer cannot give you a perfect star. What this really means is that you must have movement to create a perfect star. In other words, you cannot make a perfect star via placement or measurement (statically, topologically) with a ruler or a computer or a computer-calibrated protractor. As a Pythagorean you might realize that you cannot construct a perfect star without a compass #150; that is, you need rotation to complete exact constructions.
A compass is the only tool that allows you to enter 2D from 1D. In other words, a compass allows you to turn. A larger implication is that there must be movement even at the atomic core level #151; and under radial symmetry the movement is also about frequency. (You might guess here is journal Rossall, one of the gateways to gravitation and yes, the philosopher's stone opens up to the alchemist.) The necessity of movement permeates everything. Even the ability to square a circle appears like basic stuff when developing (Tai) Chi in your body (think 3D). Arithmetic makes it practical. Pythagoreans had a category of numbers they called 'abundant.' Such numbers are evenly divisible (without a remainder) by many other numbers. Number 60 (minutes in writing an hour) is a good example as it is divisible by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30 and 60 -- which, not incidentally, are the number of journal article critique Rossall School, points of a newspaper article College, stars one can make with minute watch face markings. Another convenient (abundant) number is 24 (hours in a day), but we presently divide the day only by journal article Rossall, 2 (am and pm) and by 3 (work part), and possibly by 12 (entertainment).
Facilitating easy workings in the geometry of a circle, however, calls for a more abundant number. If you were to come up with a good working number for write The Regent’s School, Bangkok, the total number of degrees in journal School a circle, you may find 360 to be a very accommodating number. 360 degrees of a circle divide evenly into quarters (possibly the how to International School,, most important requirement right next to 365 days in a year). Critique. It divides evenly by 5, 10, and 20, too. You've already noted that the division by 5 (and consequently by 10) is write The Regent’s International School, Bangkok, very practical because a circle division by five brings in the golden proportion. Article Critique Rossall School. The practicality of this number won the essays International School,, day even though 360 is also evenly divisible by 9 and a circle cannot be divided by 9 exactly. If you were a stickler for details such as this, you most definitely would insist on 2040 degrees in a circle. 2040 is evenly divisible by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 15, and 17 -- all numbers that divide a circle exactly through geometric means. The good old 360 is article critique, not evenly divisible by essay about Hudson College, 17 and that means that exact geometrically-obtained angles do not necessarily have a corresponding whole number of degrees if we stick to the present 360 quantity notation.
Both 360 and 2040 are not evenly divisible by journal article critique School, 7, 11, and 13 -- as it should be. But 2040 is also not evenly divisible by 9, and how to write essays in college The Regent’s International School, Bangkok we have even better correspondence between geometry and arithmetic. The year 2040 could be the journal article Rossall School, most harmonious year coming up. [But don't tell IRS. They'll put this number on a form and spoil it.] Now that all people are smart enough to handle as huge number as 2040, is essay Stonar, it time to make our circle geometry as sophisticated as it can be? Are you ready for the sum of internal angles in a triangle to equal 1020 degrees instead of journal critique, 180? And the internal angle of an equilateral triangle would be 340 degrees instead of 60?
Even if you could legislate the change #150; and during the French Revolution they legislated 100 degrees in a circle and 100 minutes in an hour -- the write, bottom line is that there is no perfect number for article critique, a quantity of degrees in a circle that would be a whole number or even a rational number. About Writing. That is, there is no number that would be evenly divisible by those numbers that divide a circle exactly geometrically. In the example of the Rossall School, 2040, this number is not evenly divisible by 16. [Some Masonic authors give Freemasons credit for how write essay Stonar, leading the French Revolution. If so, they would certainly be quite ignorant on what to do in journal article critique Rossall School the aftermath #150; all their Gs notwithstanding.] Whole numbers and rational numbers are called real numbers #150; a good name. How To. An incommensurable (transcendental or irrational) number can never become a real number unless it is transformed . The transformation is article critique, irreversible because we cannot save an irrational number such as SQRT(2) in a computer and retrieve it as (convert it back into) the original irrational number without first taking a nip off the number #150; think Ouroboros and visit Circle and Pi . Reversing the transformation calls for addition of the virtual energy [think Isis and how to in college The Regent’s International possibly Thoth if you are familiar with his eye restoration story]. If you want to get deeper into transformations of rational (real) and irrational numbers #150; think ancient Egyptian fractions [here, you will need to appreciate three things: 1 ) Ancient Egyptian fractions are quite sophisticated; 2 ) Present day scientists are clueless as to the ancient Egyptian fraction applications or origin; and Rossall 3 ) Our present civilization is not necessarily advancing.] When dividing a circle with the straightedge and essay writing College compass, the goal is to make the journal Rossall School, number to become , for the number's geometric construction creates something specific to that number. There is, then, more to numbers than philosophy, and you may want to visit the how write School, original number apps guys, Pythagoras and his fellow Pythagoreans . Journal Article Rossall. There is a treatment there of real, virtual, and irrational numbers. Irrationals and transcendentals are in the family of incommensurables but transcendentals are not constructible through the Pythagorean Theorem (from 2D of the curve to 1D of the hypotenuse), while additional differences between irrationals is based on a journal article University applications. [There are good and article bad numbers and some of them have an infinite mantissa.]
What does a star in a circle represent? What is the meaning and symbolism of a newspaper, a star inside a single circle? The point count of the star is about the wavelength multiples that curve and create the atom. Don't bother with scientists' point electron orbiting core pictures, for atomic electrons are really standing waves having point symmetries (symmetry about the core). Article Critique School. As always, you will need to how to write essays in college School, Bangkok learn which stars are geometrically constructible and can be actualized, and journal article critique Rossall which are just the arithmetic's (or computer's or religion's) fancy. Is the atomic core composed of standing waves? You bet. Scientists have way too much invested in the solid and static core hypothesis and so it is safe to talk about the Hudson, pulsing and journal article critique Rossall standing waves of the core. Stonar. Scientists are way off and, for example, they made up strong nuclear force because they do not understand the wave nature of the core. Rossall. In a way this is promote critical thinking, okay, for you can make many advancements while the article critique School, scientist remains clueless.
For example, the critique, core's shape is not necessarily spherical. With all their equations, scientists think highly of whatever it is journal article critique School, they describe with them. Saying that the scientist will remain clueless is no idle talk, however. On our Circle Pi page we also highlight the inadequacy of algebra, for in college International Bangkok, algebra's constructs cannot deal with the critique School, operation of equivalence. Algebra completely misses irreversibility, too. As a Pythagorean you want to critique University of Southampton figure out what entity will prevail in article Rossall School the interaction with a standing-wave electron and with a standing-wave proton. Service College. Why, could you then do a precision surgery on Rossall School the atom? Seven pointed star. A circle cannot be divided by seven exactly.
Yes, we can say that seven people cannot share a round pizza equally, and leave it at that, except that the number seven is the first number with such property. Article College. When things are happening inside a circle #151; that is, when things are spinning and evolving, the wave folding encounters the number seven and consequent inability to fit around the circle (and make a perfect star). Critique Rossall. When you examine the write article College, Mesoamerican Hunab Ku symbol, there are two seven-sided areas (heptagons) and now the challenge is to explain that. The seven sides are not drawn equal in length and that gives the symbol some credibility. The heptagons pivot into 3D and now it gets really intriguing. If we don't take the Hunab Ku (some say Hanub Ku) as a product of coca leaf-chewing fancy, there are many interesting things happening around the number seven. I'd be careful in using the seven pointed star. Adopting a regular heptagon or a regular seven pointed star shows you don't get it.
So I'd draw the star free hand or use an irregular heptagon. Mayans have a gap in their seven-segment Ouroboros too. The Goddess Seshat's symbol from ancient Egypt is a contextualized seven-leafed plant (she is a scribe, which means she is a magician). The leaves spread out in a star configuration, but the resulting seven pointed star is not regular. [If you think the symbol is a cannabis plant then that's fine by me. However, geometry prevails (has priority) while cannabis also has 5 and 9 leaf varieties.] The Statue of Liberty has a hair dress with seven rays. The symbolism of critique Rossall School, her 7-point star is rich with 'seven seas' and 'seven liberal arts' interpretations, but I prefer to look at it geometrically and enjoy the fact the how to essays in college The Regent’s International Bangkok, rays are not regular. The wonderful part of the Rossall School, circular geometry is that it needs to be treated separately and carefully. Euclid may have proved that no two Natural numbers (integers) when put in a ratio will result in an incommensurable (irrational) number. Critique A Journal Article University Of Southampton. But some incommensurable numbers when put in the ratio (or are proportioned) could result in a rational number. You may want to reflect on what it means.
As far as Euclid goes, not much. After all, Euclid talks about what does not happen. But what does it mean when transcendental -- that is curving -- and straight line (ir)rational geometries meet at certain points? Think transformations and Rossall School visit the Proofs page that talks about the squaring of a circle. Understanding the angles in a circle certainly takes you to another and very substantial pursuit of universe building. Looking back, is there some work that was done just in this area? But of a newspaper article Seneca, course, you'll have to step over the reductionists, yawn at the popularizers, and laugh at people who allow to be called experts. [I'd bet 10:1 they will talk about running out of energy.] The ancient Egyptian fractions have the journal critique Rossall, numerator expressed as an oval having the value of 1 . It is a symbol for a unitary entity that has symmetry about a point such as a circle or an ellipse. And if you have two circles that you want to divide into sub-unity fractions, are we really talking about two atomic orbitals and the possible (energy) fractional values they can acquire during an The Regent’s International School, Bangkok electron jump? So now you have yet another quest to make. A road where you will also discard all the modern mathematicians musing at the awkwardness of the article, ancient Egyptian fractions.
The Rhind papyrus has the 2/n expansion and now you know what the 2 is about. Riemann sees a sphere with longitudinals that, with identical curvature, converge and meet at the poles at finite distance where they close upon themselves (think atomic orbitals in how to critique a journal article University of Southampton a closed 3D topology). Journal Critique School. Although Riemann, a math guy, did not have an atom in his mind, his geometry is writing Cheltenham, 'parallel yet finite.' He discovered an unusual way of obtaining all incomposite (prime) numbers. We have three book reviews on this remarkable individual. Then there are the scales of the fish [yeah, the dumb fish]. The sweeps of the scales subtend a particular angle.
Do you think a fish could fly or extract energy from the swirling water around it by using the geometry of its scales? In reverse, could you work the straight-moving energy to close upon article Rossall, itself and make an atomic orbital? Think pyramid geometry and Schauberger . Illuminati, Masons and how to critique a journal article of Southampton New Order Guys. Article Critique Rossall. Pythagoreans, too. Symbolism is about associating something with something similar. Pythagorean logic, for example, says that two points make an writing service Cheltenham axis and then the number two is journal School, behind the mirror symmetry, aka the axial, even, or feminine symmetry.
As a Pythagorean you have no problem with that, and wouldn't use the term axis of evil because both the constructive and destructive energies exist about an axis (about 1D). You'd then apply one point of 0D as the source for rotation and consequent (odd, masculine) symmetry. But you are also smart enough to figure out that after 3 points (of volume) you enter a different, virtual domain that is based on the number 4. Associations can go on and on and are thus unbounded, and in essay Stonar a fine distinction the associations become infinite relationships. So now you can relate and journal critique Rossall School associate from here to eternity and each time you may get to how to write essays in college Bangkok a different conclusion. You can now perhaps see the possibility of making something bad or evil out of journal article critique, something that is essays in college, pedestrian or even boring. So you want to ask if the journal article Rossall School, result you reached is beneficial or not. If you think accusing someone of evil thoughts is beneficial to your religion then you are a part of essay Stonar School, a religion that is sustained by critique School, attempted oppression of others. In short, your religion is not based on truth. In fact, all possible thoughts and all knowledge exist in infinite superposition with each other and is to a greater or lesser degree available to you. You are never fully locked out from knowledge you seek, but its usefulness may not be obvious. If you keep an open mind you will soon discover that working with infinities is no easy matter.
Shutting down your mind (narrow one's mind) is a defensive reaction to an onslaught of how write essay, information. You may even figure out that all religions attempt to understand infinities and could well be defined just by journal article critique School, that. Article College. So relax. Rossall School. Infinities can be worked but they need different methods. Things that don't add up simply won't happen. [So what is my Pythagorean take on the 7-point irregular star? It is about the creation or release (liberation) of energy.
As with anything it could have a down side, but with superior assistance (God?) it can be managed and be useful. Oh, the thing about God is that you have to ask. It's not because God is busy, but because you get a specific answer to a specific question. Most importantly, you will never get an order or a command: only knowledge. Critique A Journal University Of Southampton. The action (or non-action) is yours and is based on your free will and your consequent responsibility for your actions.] Johann Balmer was the Rossall School, guy who opened wide the barn doors of quantum mechanics. Fifteen years before Planck , he came up with the relation that produces a sequence of numbers matching the writing service Cheltenham College, wavelengths of light coming from hydrogen. Journal Rossall. These are not just any numbers #150; they are wavelengths corresponding to essay Stonar particular electron jumps and no other.
Balmer did for journal article critique, quantum mechanics what Kepler did for gravitation: He came up with the how to critique a journal article University, math equation that matched known experimental data and made successful predictions of other new, yet undiscovered, wavelengths. But there is a bit more to it. Balmer used integers and square numbers in his relation that were those of the Pythagorean Theorem. Well, good ol' Pythagoras was not only right all along but the breadth of his #150; some say HIS #150; teaching was also the foundation of quantum mechanics. Natural numbers and his theorem are also the source of the journal article School, quantum behavior of atoms. This topic is expanded and has a page of essay about writing, its own. Journal Article Rossall School. To reconcile the straight (1D) and essay writing Hudson the curving (2D or 3D), you will be dealing with the squaring of article critique Rossall, a circle. How Write Stonar School. Algebra works fine when things are straight or polynomial or exponential. Generally, however, when geometry picks up another dimension and journal lines start to be circular, the equations are not enough as the transcendentals come up.
The relationship of the squaring of a circle to this page's perfect division of a circle is in the possibility of linearizing the curved segments (arcs) of a circle and then making a tractable exchange between curving and straight topologies. So there is a continuation to 'how to draw a star' and how to International School, it deals with energy. Can we say that geometry is about energy? Can we say that the exactness of article critique, particular geometric solutions goes along with the exact conservation of thinking Castle School, energy? Of course, Pythagorean methods are used to find new ways while mainstream science continues to be arm chair science by playing up one trivial answer as the only answer. Journal. At times politicians pick up the 'square a circle' analogy and thinking Trafalgar then you should know they are trying to find excuses and explain failures to their supposedly dumb constituents. So, even though the squaring of a circle is not possible using real methods , the squaring of a circle is possible. The complexity of our environment is oftentimes worked through alchemy.
There is a method behind the seemingly strange associations and we offer the interpretation of The Emerald Tablet on our Alchemy page. Summary, Cosmic (Macro) Pythagorean discovery of critique Rossall, irrationals spawned the urgent pursuit of geometry lasting over a journal article 2400 years. Article Rossall. Kepler brought arithmetic to the forefront by establishing the mathematical and how to critique University arithmetic relations of heavenly orbits. In effect and in critique fact, Kepler introduced the how write essay Stonar School, parameter of time in the mathematical context, which made it possible to make planetary position forecasts #151; forecasting being Kepler's life long passion. Critique. Because any two gravitationally interacting bodies always have a solution, the parameter of seo article writing service Cheltenham College, time derived from such periodic solutions is also repeatable (periodic) and time can be used to make forecasts. Even though time is always a derived (dependent) variable, the mathematical solution establishes reversibility and allows the article critique Rossall School, time parameter derived from seo article writing service Cheltenham College this system to be used. (The equal sign indicates reversibility but reversibility is by no means a given.) Another way of seeing the mathematical solution and consequent time reversibility is that the spatial distance (space) and time form an overlay. In a chaotic system, or in a non-periodic system such as the free economy system, the parameter of time cannot be used to make predictions.
Geometrically, you can take any square and construct another square that has exactly twice the area of the original square. A square can be increasing in infinitely small increments, including irrationals, while the doubled square follows that exactly (think conservation of energy of a moving object). This is journal Rossall School, something your computer cannot do. If you think this is no big deal and it is something for the ancients to contemplate #150; that's fine. The gateway question that makes all the difference is: Can you construct infinity? Certainly the most enticing question is: Can you stop moving bodies at write a newspaper article Seneca College a distance? Light is understood as moving or standing linear -- that is, straight, waves following Newton's analysis of fringes (first observed as fringe rings). As light becomes closely associated with matter, Balmer kicks off the QM atomic pursuit with a Pythagorean relation. Article. A wavefunction is understood as a probability distribution of an atomic particle #151; a great step forward by Heisenberg and von Neumann.
A moving particle has momentum but momentum can also be worked as a wave #151; a second great step, this time by de Broglie. A moving electron now gets to become a wave as well, but this wave must curve #150; that is, become circular , and close upon itself in a symmetry about a point (about a core). The circular (or rounded) electron orbital and the straight path of light need to be energy-reconciled through the squaring of a circle #151; the first difficult hurdle. Ether is thinking Trafalgar School, taken out of science's purview, which is the Great Reduction making the scientist that much poorer in journal School the end. Scientists cannot make headway and talk about impossibilities. School. They reduce everything until there is no intelligence in their design and take an early exit. (In their last hurrah the journal article critique Rossall, angry mob bashes and trashes cold fusion.) Scientists thus successfully reduced themselves into a group of believers in how write essay Stonar 'light-is-real-and-puts-pressure-on-mirror.' While much of today's physics rests on it, the scientist has no guts and no brains to perform the actual experiment measuring the presumed pressure light puts on a mirror. Journal Article Critique Rossall. Scientists are not able to face up to the truth that a light beam does not and essays The Regent’s cannot put pressure on journal Rossall School a mirror and so they are stuck perpetuating, defending, and proselytizing their dogma. Meanwhile, geometry is receiving new impetus by reviving its superiority over arithmetic and algebra. The golden proportion, the infinite and instant wavefunction superposition, the understanding of irrational and transcendental numbers, linearizing particular segments of a circle, and the possibility of essay Stonar, creating electron waves with harmonics-series energy components just might get the atomic understanding going again #150; perhaps in journal article Rossall School another country, perhaps by another group of professionals. The cosmic (or planetary) pentagram and the five fold atomic orbital make the five pointed star a joining symbol for both the macro and the micro.
While the atom's orbitals are symmetrical about a point (have radial symmetry), the how to write in college The Regent’s International School,, valence orbitals in a molecule need to close around two points of symmetry (the cores of the atoms are some distance apart). Yes, the Hyper s tar has an answer to that on journal article Rossall School our golden proportions page. Self-test:-) If you are not happy about the pentagon base and/or the pyramid being split up or broken up or separated, you are not getting the picture. You may want to think about the red part as being the tangible component while the blue part is the intangible (knowledge, virtual) component. If that does not help, stay in 2D [earthbound?] where the pentagon is continuous. If you think Two rather than Four is feminine , you are very close. You will need to appreciate that the virtual variables are double-ended and have opposites. Then you'll need to center these variables to relate them in infinite superposition. ( Quantum Pythagoreans book helps in article University of Southampton this area too.) The engagement of Three and Four is just that: It can be supportive in Rossall School some contexts and in others it could be conflicting, in which case rebalancing work is needed.
So, the recommendation for The Pentagon is to Castle modify one of the pentagons (or build a new inner one) to reflect the separate golden trapezoid and the golden triangle. The new construction slants upward toward a point. It does not need to top off in a point as long as the article critique, edges are converging toward a point. (If it does top off, think about the straightness of the edges -- it ain't straightforward.) This pentagonal pyramid is on Mars. The picture credit most likely goes to NASA although I don't know the particulars of image enhancements processing -- none or too much. Critique A Journal Article University. Note the pentagonal aspect is not regular (a point-to-point straight line over a ridge and through the center can be made). There is one symbol that uses a circle framed by article, two vertical lines. These lines are at times shown as two (usually) identical posts or columns.
At other times it is write The Regent’s International Bangkok, shown as a person holding two vertical sticks, candles, or wands. This symbolism, however, is not about the 3 vs. 4. Rather, the two lines or sticks or columns are about the virtual line of the journal article critique Rossall School, even symmetry that is relevant to the virtual domain and the energy therein. The upcoming book (late 2013) deals with the promote critical Trafalgar School, construction in the micro domain via the stars, the article critique Rossall, rings and the symmetries. Yes, knowledge is about, organized energy. Three and Four must remain separate even though they are also joined. Article Rossall. You can then see it as a five sided pyramid made from two pyramids that each have unique properties. The overall 3D structure has almost all numbers in it but the point is that the numbers must play together to their best advantage (rather than just being represented).
Do you see the number zero? Or is it the write in college Bangkok, infinity? Could it be both? Is the number zero combined with infinity the source of the Pythagorean fire? The root of the pyra-mid? The Central fire? The hearth of critique Rossall, Zeus? Archimedes' fulcrum of the heaven and the earth? Just a plain (free) electron?
The convergence of the north and the south poles on decreasing Riemann sphere? A point of the zero dimensional (0D) geometric construct? 'The One' of alchemy? Something even smaller than the infinitesimal of Newton and critical Trafalgar Leibniz? The dot in the semicircle on the AUM symbol? A computational construct for all of the above from all of the above? The top dot of Tetractys? My favorite : The eye Thoth sends to look for Tefnut when she runs away to Nubia (yes, the journal critique Rossall School, eye finds her). If you think this pyramid is about marriage, you are on the right track.
The Three [male] and Four [female] are joined through the seo article Cheltenham College, point of the infinite. This joining is journal article Rossall School, applicable to the actual marriage where the seo article writing, joining is through God #150; all there is. The alchemical marriage would have the article Rossall, female part becoming more abstract although the four-sided pyramid geometry continues to be needed for dealing with the promote critical thinking Castle School, infinite. You are, perhaps surprisingly, also looking at the joining of matter at the atomic or micro level. The virtual component (in sky blue here; would be white for the ancient Egyptians) has the golden trapezoid for its base, for the longer to the shorter sides are in the golden proportion. The real component has one of the Rossall, golden triangles for its base. If you like alchemy, the triangular pyramid is the king (or sun, gold) while the four-sided pyramid is the queen (moon, silver).
Yes, this is the 3 vs. 4. In the ancient Egyptian context, the crown of about College, Egypt has two separate components: The white (upper, virtual) and the red (lower, real). The gap between the two is the ancient Egyptian blue crown and is invoked at war. (The gap is white in our pentagonal pyramid.) Book by Mike Ivsin. Pythagoreans use the knowledge of journal, numbers to arrive at harmonious and stable systems. Numbers' properties under different symmetries yield specific solutions. Writing Service Cheltenham. Numbers create the duality while the engagement of the duality's components leads to organization. Quantum Pythagoreans applies the Tetractys construct and that results in all observable cosmic topologies. The book describes the nature's computational mechanism, especially as it applies to waves.
What it takes to transform energies. Your body is a component and it is not the only one. The shapes inherent in the human body have certain geometric context that is revealed in the book and Rossall School it is about your health, too. You will like and appreciate the simplicity and the power of Stonar, numbers. The Pythagorean management of journal article School, numbers takes you on write in college The Regent’s International School, the road to reality and invites you to drive it as well. Go or select another topic from the gold post. HyperFlight home Portal in new window. 2005 -- 2013 Backbone Consultants Inc.