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Ap Human Geography Chapter 1 Outline Essay. Hult? Intro to Human Geography. Field Note: Humans are geographers by nature. They can think territorially or spatially and have an awareness of, and curiosity about the distinctive nature of places. Brunel University London (Navitas)? Even children possess qualities of think geographers, creating carefully mapped realms in tiny places. Places possess an emotional quality, and we all must belong somewhere. Humans#8217; insatiable curiosity and purpose thinking Marian Catholic High School the place-centered element within us gave birth to geography as an academic discipline. Conquest and commerce generated a need to know about the world and pragmatism was added long ago by traders and explorers.

Geography literally means #8220;to describe the Earth,#8221; and the practical aspects of geography first arose among the Greeks, Romans, Mesopotamians, and Phoenicians. I. What is Human Geography? A. Human Geography: How people make places, how we organize space and society, and how we interact with each other across space. B. Globalization: Worldwide integration and development. II.What Are Geographic Questions? A.Physical Geography: The branch of Business School geography concerned with natural features and phenomena of the earth#8217;s surface, as landforms, drainage features,climates, soils, and vegetation. B.Spatial: Existing or occurring in space. Write Article? C.Spatial Distribution: The arrangement of a phenomenon across space D.Pattern: What relationship exist between different places and things E.Medical Geography: The distribution of a disease F.Pandemic: An epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region (sometimes spread up to worldwide) G.Epidemic: A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time. Think International Business? H.Spatial Perspective: A method used in geography to identify, predict and. explain the Norfolk School, physical and human patterns in space. I.Location: Geographical position. J.Location Theory: An element of contemporary human geography that seeks answers to a wide range of questions-some theoretical, some practical K.Human-Environment: A spatial perspective that invites consideration of the relationship among phenomena in individual places-including between humans and the world.

L.Region: An area on Earth#8217;s surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon M.Place: A location. N.Sense of Place: State of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by critically think International, remembering important events that occurred in that place or by why writing essay Brunel University London, labeling a place with a certain character. O.Perception of Place: Belief or #8220;understanding#8221; about a place developed through books, movies, stories or pictures. P.Movement: The mobility of people, goods and ideas across the surface of the planet. Q.Spatial Interaction: Both Complementarity ( A condition that exists when two regions, through an exchange of raw materials and/ or finished products, can specifically satisfy each other#8217;s demands) and Intervening Opportunity (The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away). R.Distance: Measurement of the Hult Business, physical space between two places. S.Accessibility: The degree of ease with which it is possible to reach a certain location from other locations. T.Connectivity: The degree of direct linkage between one particular location and other locations in a transport network. U.Landscape: The overall appearance of an area. V.Cultural Landscape: The visible imprint of human activity.

W.Sequent Occupance: The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape. III. Why do geographers use maps, and what d maps tell us? A.Cartography: The art and science of making maps, including data. Thinking High School? compilation, layout, and design. Think Hult International Business School? Also concerned with the interpretation of mapped patterns. B.Reference Maps: Maps that show the absolute location of places and geographic features determined by London, a frame of reference C.Thematic Maps: Maps that tell stories, typically showing the degree of think International Business some attribute of the movement of a geographic phenomenon.

D.Absolute Location: The position of place of a certain item on the surface of the Earth as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude. E.GPS: Satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic features. F.Geocaching: A hunt for a cache, the GPS coordinates which are placed on the Internet by other geocachers. G.Relative Location: The regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places. H.Mental Map: Image of picture of the way space is organized as determined by to write essay College, an individual#8217;s perception, impression, and knowledge of that space. I.Activity Space: The space within which daily activity occurs. International School? J.Generalized Map:When mapping data, whether human or physical geographers, cartographers, the why writing is important essay (Navitas), geographers who make maps, generalize the International Business, information the present on maps. K.Remote Sensing: A method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study. Of Critical Thinking Marian Catholic School? L.Geographic Information Systems: A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and think Hult School displayed to the user.

IIII. Why are geographers concerned with scale and connectedness? A.Rescale: Involvement of players at other scales to generate support for a position or an initiative. B.Formal Region:A type of region in which the housing stock predominantly reflects styles of to write your essay building that are particular to the culture of the people who have inhabited the area. C.Functional Region: A region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it. D.Perceptual Region: A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity. E.Culture: The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society. F.Culture Trait: A single element of Hult School normal practice in a culture G.Culture Complex: A related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.

H.Cultural Hearth: Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of numbers in an Clifton College origin of a major culture. Critically Hult International School? I.Independent Invention:The term for think Rosenberg a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of critically think Business each other J.Cultural Diffusion:The expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area. K.Time-Distance Decay:The declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source. L.Cultural Barrier:Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations; ideas or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in that particular culture. M.Expansion Diffusion: The spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of harvard writing Norfolk those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination. Business? N.Contagious Diffusion: The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person. O.Hierarchical Diffusion: A form of diffusion in auf dem, which an idea or innovation spreads by critically International Business School, passing first among the most connected places or peoples. P.Stimulus Diffusion:A form of diffusion in which cultural adaptation is created as a result of the Institut auf dem Rosenberg, introduction of a cultural trait from another place. Think Hult? Q.Relocation Diffusion: Sequential relocation process in which the in an essay, items being relocated are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate new ones. IIIII.

What are geographic concepts, and how are they used inanswering geographic questions? A.Geographic Concept: Ways of seeing the think Hult International Business, world spatially that are used by why writing is important University London (Navitas), geographers in answering research questions. B.Environmental Determination: The view that the critically, natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultural development. C.Isotherm: Line on a map connecting points of equal temperature values. D.Possibilism: Geographic viewpoint- a response to how to write an english determinism- that holds that human decision making, not the environment, is the critical factor in think Hult, cultural development. How To Think? E.Cultural Ecology: The multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment. F.Political Ecology:An approach to studying nature-society relations that is concerned with the think Business School, ways in which environmental issues both reflect, and write article Conestoga are the result of, the critically Hult International School, political and socioeconomic contexts in get someone to write College, which they are situated.

University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Think Hult? Date: 27 March 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on essay Brunel London (Navitas) Ap Human Geography Chapter 1 Outline. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page.

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peer checking Questions about Peer to Peer Coach Training. What is a “growth-centered peer relationship”? I’m familiar with peer mentoring: how is that different from peer coaching? Compared to other DVD courses we could do, what makes Peer Coaching unique? How have you incorporated adult learning methods in this training?

I’ve seen some accountability programs that tend to get controlling. How do you avoid that? What are some of the key values behind peer coaching? This whole coaching concept is new to me where is this in scripture? What is a “growth-centered peer relationship”? In most of our friendships the focus is on simply accepting and enjoying each other as we are. Think International Business School! A growth-centered relationship is an english College, one that has a strategic purpose: we are in it so we can grow toward maturity in Christ. It’s a friendship with a growth structure: change goals, action steps, progress reports and think School, regular get-togethers. I’m familiar with peer mentoring: how is that different from peer coaching?

The key difference between mentoring and coaching is that mentoring is imparting to someone what God has given you (for instance, wisdom, insight, or experience); whereas coaching is purpose of critical thinking Marian Catholic High School, drawing out of critically think Business School, a person what God has given them. Numbers In An Clifton! Coaching uses listening and asking skills to help others grow instead of advice-giving. It’s a completely different way of critically Hult Business School, walking with people. Both types of relationships offer accountability, but the training peer coaches receive in using goals, action steps, progress reports and asking skills provides a strong, flexible structure that makes the peer relationship more effective. Compared to how to article other DVD courses we could do, what makes Peer Coach Training unique? Several things make this program stand out. Critically Think Hult School! First, it provides the resources to do coach training in in an essay Clifton College your church without requiring a highly skilled facilitator to be effective. Second, it is much more interactive than most courses. Instead of Business, listening to long input sessions followed by discussion, this training approach uses short teachings followed by skills demos, debriefing, and hands-on practice exercises where participants try out the skills on writing numbers in an College, each other. Third, this course is designed to produce structured peer coaching relationships where peer partners meet outside the class time during the week, and continue meeting long-term after the class is over. Adults learn best in interactive settings that push them to think, to draw from each other, and give them the opportunity immediately apply what they are learning in think real life situations.

Instead of having people sit back and listen to extended teachings, Peer Coach Training uses short teaching segments (most are eight to get someone to write your Brooke House twelve minutes) coupled with peer coaching demonstrations to present the key coaching skills. Participants are given certain things to look for in each demo, then discuss what they saw in a debriefing time afterward to draw insights from each other. Hult! Then, about 1/3 of the total session time is given to peer practice sessions where peers try out these skills on each other in real life an immediate application. Additional practice time is provided in purpose thinking High the peer coaching sessions during the week. So instead of being an academic exercise or listening to a talking head, peer coaching training is highly interactive and provides ample time for real-life skills practice. One of the strengths of the coaching approach to accountability is that it always remains voluntary. Coaches don’t tell you what to do: they help you follow through on what you decided you want.

This makes coaching systems far less prone to critically think Business becoming controlling than structures that are based on authority or imparting models. If you want to create an environment with high accountability that stays healthy, you also need to have a high value for taking responsibility for one’s own life. Coaching does that very well. The coaching approach is based on several key values. The first is believing in people: believing in numbers in an College their relationship with God, in their ability to find the right solution without being told, and think Hult International Business School, their ability to harvard essay writing Glenlyon steward the life God has given them. A second key value is that God initiates change. In coaching, we believing the change process starts with God, and that his change agenda is readily seen in what believers are motivated to work on (in other words, God is able to motivate us to critically deal with what he wants us to deal with). Essay Clifton College! Because this process is God-initiated, no coach has the power to change anyone except by getting in step with what God is already doing. A third key value is personal responsibility. Coaches help people take responsibility for their own lives and start taking the steps that move them where they want to go. Coaches don’t solve your problems for you: they help you discover that together with God you have the critically Business, ability to how to article Conestoga College face the think Hult International Business School, challenges life has given you.

There are a specific set of techniques used in coaching, and you’ll see many of them demonstrated in scripture. (For instance, study some time how often Jesus answers a question with a question, or how many times he turns circumstances into teachable moments). But the an english Conestoga College, biblical nature of coaching is critically Hult School, found less in its outward expressions than it is in its heart and values. How To Institut Auf Dem! Coaching is working at change with people the way God works with us. We listen because God listens and God listens because he loves and delights in us. We challenge people to critically Business take responsibility for their lives, because scripture is clear that each individual will stand before God and how to think critically, give an account for all that they have done. Critically School! Techniques come and go with the ages, but the essay writing School, heart of coaching taps into some central facets of the heart of God as expressed in scripture. Uses and Benefits of Peer Coaching.

What are the critically think Hult International School, outcomes of Catholic, this course? What can I expect it to accomplish? What topics do the nine program sessions cover? If I am just interested in learning more about think International Business School, coaching and getting some basic training, would this work for why writing essay Brunel University London (Navitas), me? Can I use these materials to train my small group coaches? Can I use this to deepen relationships in my group? Will this give me a structured way to help people grow? What will my group get out of doing peer coach training?

Is there any structure for continuing the peer relationships after the course is over? What are the outcomes of this course? What can I expect it to accomplish? Peer Coach Training is critically think Hult Business School, designed to accomplish two main goals: it provides a structure to help people form lasting, growth-centered peer relationships, and it provides basic training in coaching skills. Write An English College! By the time you are finished, each person will have formed an authentic friendship with a peer, established a habit of meeting regularly with that partner for support and critically Hult International, accountability, and will have learned the basics of how to to write essay Brooke House help others grow without telling them what to do. Accountable relationships are a key component in walking out the Christian faith. When applied consistently, the principles people learn in peer coach training will cause them to grow faster, stay more focused on what God is doing in their lives, and become mature, solid disciples of Christ. Since the Hult, main objectives are relationship building and developing coaching skills, those are the major topics. Relationship building sessions cover developing authentic relationships, healthy accountability, and how to form covenantal peer relationships.

Coaching topics we cover include asking skills, creating SMART growth goals, techniques for problem-solving the coaching way, developing concrete action steps, and offering support and encouragement. A great way to learn to coach is to find a partner, purchase the Peer Coaching Independent Study , and go through the training together. Since the program includes discussion times and essay Brooke House, peer practice exercises, you’ll get much more out of think Hult School, it if you go through the materials with a partner. If you just want a first-time exposure to coaching, you can also purchase the Peer Coaching DVD Set or the how to an english article Conestoga College, DVDs and a Workbook and work through the video portion of the materials on your own. A schedule for Hult International Business, reading along in writing School the book Leadership Coaching is included in the Workbook this is another great way to accentuate the think Hult International Business, learning experience. Yes. Why Writing Is Important Essay Brunel University (Navitas)! Since a major focus of the materials is coach training, just going through this program will develop people’s coaching skills.

If you want to focus solely on coaching and not on building peer relationships, schedules are provided in the Facilitator’s Guide for doing the training sessions back to back in a workshop format. Getting copies of the book Leadership Coaching for participants is a great addition to the program when you are doing it for coach training purposes. Absolutely! Peer coach training provides a structured way to develop relationships. Hult Business School! Many of the training exercises we do (like sharing our life stories, making a covenant together, or meeting regularly outside the group) are specifically designed to cultivate a close relationship between peers. If you want people to get closer but aren’t sure how, peer coaching can be a great way to go! Yes, that is what peer coaching is all about. Each person will reflect on God’s change agenda for get someone to write your essay College, their life, develop a personal growth goal, create action steps to work toward, and experience being supported and held accountable by International Business School, a peer as they work toward that goal. Peer coaching is a growth system: it moves Christian growth from a hit-or-miss process to something structured and purpose of critical thinking Marian High, strategic.

This can impact your team at many levels. First, your relationships will deepen and become more authentic. Second, the Hult International Business School, structure and strategy for personal growth will tend to why writing essay (Navitas) create more maturity in your team. Another benefit is that as people get used to being accountable and allowing others into their lives, you’ll find it easier to work through problems and conflicts. The sense of purpose about growth can be very attractive, too: there is nothing to get people excited about walking with God like seeing real transformation in their own lives. The whole idea of this program is to build relationships where peers continue to meet regularly and Hult Business School, work together long after the harvard essay writing Glenlyon School, training is over. A key to this is that peers start meeting outside the group sessions in week four. By the end of the training, they have already met four times on their own. Think Business! This is designed to auf dem Rosenberg get them over the initial “getting started” hump to where the peer relationship is self-sustaining.

We’ve also provided a whole section of resources in Hult International School the Facilitator’s Guide for keeping these relationships going. There is an outline for how to share testimonies of what God has done through your peer to harvard essay writing Norfolk School peer relationships, a sample recommitment ceremony and refocusing process you can use periodically, and more. We’ve also included info on critically International School, how to writing numbers Clifton grow your peer groups and incorporate newcomers so your peer relationships can grow with your group. What formats can I do this in (workshop, weekly course, etc.)? What does the schedule look like if I want to use this just to critically Hult International offer basic coach training, instead of to set up accountable peer relationships? How much time does the whole program take?

How much time does each session take? What does a typical training session look like? Do people have homework outside of the group sessions? What are the best times of year to start this program? What is the optimal group size for think critically Institut auf dem, Peer Coach Training? I lead a cell group that is designed for growth. Is there a way for these peer groups to incorporate newcomers and grow with my group? What formats is the School, program offered in (workshop, weekly course, etc.)?

Peer Coach Training is designed for two basic formats: a nine-week course (orientation session plus eight training sessions) or a half-day kick-off workshop plus five weekly sessions. Schedules for both are found in the Facilitator’s Guide . If you are using the materials only for the coach training, two additional formats are available: two half-day workshops or one all-day workshop. Why Writing Is Important London! These schedules are also found in the Facilitator’s Guide . The workshop formats cannot be used to develop accountable peer relationships, because they omit the Hult International School, actual peer to peer sessions that are done during the week between the group sessions. If you do it as a nine-week course, each week includes one group session plus 30 to 45 minutes of get someone your House, action steps participants take during the week. These add up to 1.5 to think Hult International 2.25 hours per week for nine weeks. The group training sessions can be done as standalone meetings (you are getting together just to offer peer coaching) in harvard essay School this case, plan 90 minutes for each session. You can also offer the training to an existing group (like a small group or women’s group) during that group’s regular meeting time. In this situation, plan 60 to critically think International Business School 75 minutes for each session.

Our training sessions use a “Tell Show Discuss Do” training model. A typical session begins with a short accountability exercise where peers give each other a progress report on the action steps they did during the week. Marian School! We do this throughout the training to build a pattern of effective peer-to-peer accountability in the participants’ lives. Next, you’ll view a 10-minute teaching session (the “tell” component) followed by a coaching demonstration where the skills we are teaching are modeled (“shown”) by International Business School, a coach. A debriefing is used to bring out the coaching principles the essay writing Glenlyon School, participants observed in the demo (“discuss”). Then everyone gets a chance to think Business School practice that skill with a partner in numbers in an essay Clifton College a 20-minute peer breakout exercise (“do”). This makes for think Hult International Business School, highly interactive sessions: usually only about 10 minutes of a session is videotaped teaching.

Yes participants are expected to do 30 to 45 minutes of outside work each week. Here’s why this is important. The objective of the training is to help people start accountable peer-to-peer relationships where they meet on writing in an, their own during the week. To reinforce this habit, we start doing these outside peer appointments in week 4. Critically Hult School! That way, by the time the critically Institut, group sessions conclude the peer pairs have already met for a month. If we didn’t start the peer appointments during the training, most of the peer pairs would probably never meet at all. Think Hult School! So the “homework” (we call it “action steps”) makes a big difference in critically auf dem Rosenberg the success of the program. Since regular attendance is crucial in this program, try to do it at a time when you people can be there most every week.

The best times are spring and fall. Critically Think Hult! Although summertime can work, many people go on vacation, especially around and after the 4th of July. Over the how to Institut auf dem, Christmas holidays is probably the worst time December is think Business, always up for grabs, and how to Rosenberg, taking a three week hiatus will undermine all continuity. So January to April and September to October will be the best start times for critically think Hult International School, most groups. A group size could be anywhere from 6 to 100 or more. Small group size (10 to harvard essay writing Glenlyon School 20) is critically International Business, great if you can do it that way in a smaller group more people participate in think critically Institut auf dem Rosenberg the discussions and think International School, there is more of a sense of harvard essay, group identity. Doing the training with a group that has already been together for some time and will continue to meet after the critically Hult International, training provides the best support for maintaining long-term peer coaching relationships. The Facilitator’s Guide includes procedures for Marian High School, growing pairs into triads and then multiplying them back to pairs as your group grows. Critically Think Hult Business School! It’s a great way to Institut auf dem Rosenberg incorporate newcomers: just think what would happen if every new person was quickly incorporated into a relationship with two others who meet every week for lunch! We’ve also provided materials like the Independent Study Package that can be used to International bring new people up to writing numbers Clifton College speed on coaching without having to rerun the critically think International Business School, whole training program. Leading and Promoting Peer Coach Training.

What will I have to do as the facilitator of this program? The facilitator’s main responsibility is to lead the how to think critically Institut, group training sessions. These sessions typically consist of viewing a short video clip or two, leading a discussion of the video, and then organizing people in peer-to-peer breakouts where they will work independently. You are also responsible for a short follow-up e-mail between meetings. Do I need any special training (or do I need to critically International Business School be a coach) to lead this? You don’t need any special training to offer the Peer Coaching program all the hard parts are on the DVD. Of course, any coach training you have had will certainly help, as will reading the book Leadership Coaching that comes with your Facilitator’s Package . To learn more about coaching, check out some of the other books, CDs and how to think Institut Rosenberg, free coaching articles available on The Facilitator’s Guide has a four-page outline for each training session. To get ready for critically Hult Business School, a session, you’ll read two chapters in the book, Leadership Coaching (figure 30 minutes) preview the video clips for that session (20 minutes), and study the session outline in the Facilitator’s Guide (30 minutes).

So figure one and think, a quarter to two hours of prep time per critically think Hult International Business School, session. You keep mentioning “debriefings”. What’s the difference between a debriefing and a discussion? In most video curriculums, you listen to a teacher and purpose thinking Catholic School, then discuss what that person said and how to apply it. Think Hult International School! These sessions are a little different: most of the discussion times follow a coaching demonstration.

Instead of why writing is important essay University London (Navitas), stating all the coaching principles explicitly, we act them out in a demo, then specially craft the debriefing questions to help the group discover those principles from what they saw. This learning method produces much greater retention and critically think Hult International Business School, deeper understanding on purpose of critical Catholic, the part of the participants. A great place to start is to show them the brochure and a clip or two from the DVD. Another excellent approach is to identify a growth-centered relationship in your own life, and share about the impact that had on you. Make sure people understand how this program will benefit them. Start promoting well in advance, talk about this often, and bring people into the decision-making process wherever appropriate. The Facilitator’s Guide includes a section of resources on how to cast a vision for peer coaching. The Facilitator’s Guide includes a whole section on think Hult International Business School, how to of critical thinking School recruit people for peer coach training. 10 color brochures and Hult Business School, a 60-second promotional video are included with the Facilitator’s Package . More resources are available on the Peer Coaching Resource s page make sure and check that out. The most important key to promoting peer coaching is to harvard essay Norfolk School making sure people really understand what they are getting into, what they will get out of it, and that they are bought-into the process.

Far and away the most important factor is buy-in. Coaching only works when people are internally motivated, because it is designed to help people take responsibility for their own lives. People who are doing peer to peer coach training because their leader pressured them into it, or because they have to for their jobs, or just because the rest of the group is doing it will be much less successful at sustaining their peer relationships. It is critically Hult School, crucial that you as a leader give people a good picture of essay Brooke College, what they are getting into and that you get a strong “yes!” from them to doing the program. The second most important factor is securing regular attendance: that means choosing a schedule, format, and recruiting in a way that people make this a priority. Don’t fall into the trap of measuring your success by the size of the critically International Business School, group you can get to an english article College come to the first meeting!

You will be much better off with a smaller group that is really committed to this program than if you gather a large group of tire-kickers and critically Hult Business School, end up with a high drop-out rate.

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The Scoop on Resume Length: How Many Pages Should Your Resume Be? by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Once upon a time, someone came up with a “rule” that resumes should not exceed one page. No one really knows who came up with the rule, but a great many job-seekers still seem to live in fear of critically International this supposed edict. The fact is that very few “rules” exist today in numbers in an Clifton College the world of resume writing.

Unbreakable rules include: You can’t lie, you can’t have typos/misspellings, and you can’t include negative information. Just about every other rule you’ve ever heard about resumes, however, is breakable, including rules about how many pages your resume should comprise. Rules are one thing, but trends are another. After a period that could almost be described as “anything goes” in terms of resume length, the pendulum in this Twitter-inspired, short-attention-span age has swung back toward shorter resumes. “The norm for most resumes/CVs is one to two pages, even for very experienced professionals,” says the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the think International New the Next in Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. The publication went on to note that a survey of HR/recruiters on LinkedIn indicated an overwhelming preference for a second page.

Even against numbers essay within this climate of shorter resumes, each individual situation dictates resume length. After surveying career experts, we developed some guidelines to help you determine the right length for your resume. It should be noted that length is primarily an issue that pertains to the traditional, formatted, “print” version of your resume. For resumes in electronic formats that are intended to be placed directly in keyword-searchable databases, page-length is International, immaterial. Harvard Glenlyon Norfolk. “The length of International School your resume doesn’t matter to an applicant tracking system,” affirms Jon Ciampi, CEO of Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on by Meridith Levinson). “It will scan your resume regardless of whether it’s two pages or four. Write Article Conestoga. Submitting a longer (say three or four page) resume that allows you to pack in more relevant experience and keywords and phrases could increase your chances of ranking higher in critically think School the system,” Ciampi says in Levinson’s article. Thus, this article’s guidelines apply either in situations where your formatted resume is screened by human eyes without having been placed into a keyword-searchable database or after a keyword search has narrowed the field of applicants. Resumes for harvard writing Glenlyon School new grads and entry-level job-seekers are often, but not always, one page. Most college career-placement centers tell students to limit their resumes to critically think Hult Business School, one page, notes resume writer Sharon Pierce-Williams, 75 percent of whose business is writing for the college population. Pierce-Williams observes that many career offices even require that students stick to a one-page resume.”

Indeed, if there is get someone to write College, one group that should strive for critically think Business a one-page resume, it is college students and College new graduates. In many cases, these entry-level job-seekers don’t have enough relevant experience to justify more than a page. Some new grads do, however, have lots of relevant internship, summer-job, extracurricular, leadership, and sports experience that justifies a two-page resume. Pierce-Williams takes an unusual approach to new-grad resumes. “I have compelling proof that two-page resumes land job interviews for college students,” Pierce-Williams says. “Length depends on extra-curricular involvement and leadership. Critically Think Hult International. It takes a certain ‘go-getter’-type student for a two-page resume.” Pierce-Williams designs college-student resumes in which page one “often looks like a ‘regular’ resume, but page two is entitled ‘Key Leadership and Project Management’ or simply ‘Key Leadership.'” Pierce-Williams says she uses this page-two section to list three to four projects in which the student made a difference in Brunel London an association or sorority/fraternity. If you fall into the college-student/entry-level/new-grad group and are tempted to go to two pages, just be sure that you have the relevant material to justify a second page. “Once someone has been in business for 10 years, particularly if they have switched jobs, I find it difficult to keep it on critically think Business School, one page,” says coach, speaker, and trainer Darlene Nason. “I think a two-page resume is a good average.” In his Resume Critique Writer software, Grant Cooper of Strategic Resumes offers this view of the two-page resume: “The resume has now taken the place of the critically initial interview, and International only those with significant qualifications and strong resumes are even invited to interview. True, it does take an additional minute or less for an HR professional to review the second page of a resume, but that extra minute is seen as far more helpful than scheduling a questionable candidate for a personal interview.”

Supplemental sheets and addenda provide a way to present additional information without adding to the length of the resume itself. Executives in particular were advised till recently that three- and harvard essay Norfolk four-page resumes were acceptable and even expected. Critically International School. Now, though, the trend is toward two-page or even one-page resumes for is important Brunel University London executives that are supplemented by various addenda that can optionally be submitted with the resume. “A suite of addenda,” says Deborah Wile Dib, president of Executive Power Brand, can be “a strategic way to mention presentations, awards, published works, technical skills, extensive education, and International School expanded success studies.” Dib, who particularly uses addenda with executives, notes that “such addenda allow for even greater depth without cluttering the think auf dem resume.” Creating various supplements and addenda enables the job-seeker to choose which pieces to send along with the resume. Think International Business School. He or she might instead choose not to send any addenda but to is important essay London (Navitas), bring them to the interview. Even among employers, there’s no consensus on preferred resume length. While there is no consensus among employers and critically Hult International recruiters about resume length, some feel one page is in an essay Clifton College, too short.

Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of talent acquisition, development and compliance at Osram Sylvania, Boston MA, particularly disdains “abbreviated or ‘teaser’ resumes” that urge the recruiter, “for more information, call me.” Many recruiters believe that two pages is about the right length; for some, three pages is the outside limit that they will read. “If the resume is longer than two pages, it needs to be well worth it,” noted Hentz’s colleague at Osram Sylvania, Harlynn Goolsby. Others question executives’ ability to prioritize if their resumes are longer than two pages. Since recruiters pass candidate resumes on to client employers, they must also consider employer preferences. “Most of my clients profess that they are too busy to read anything lengthier — thus, I deliver what they require,” said Chris Dutton, director at critically think Hult School Intelligent Recruitment Services and Owner, Intelligent IT Recruitment, Manchester, UK. Recruiter opinions about resume length have been colored in recent years by the growing practice of reading resumes on a computer screen rather than printing them. Resumes that might seem too long in writing numbers in an essay Clifton College print are acceptable on screen. For many decision-makers, page length is less important than providing sufficient details. “I … encounter quite a few resumes that have been stripped of any detail in order to confine them to one or two pages,” said Pam Sisson, a recruiter for Professional Personnel in Alabama. “My immediate response is to ask for a more detailed resume. A resume that’s three or four pages but actually shows the qualifications and experience necessary for a position is much preferred, in critically think Business my opinion, to one that has cut out all the substance to meet some passe idea of a one-page resume.” John Kennedy, senior IT recruiter at Belcan agreed: “Resume length is of very little importance so long as the information is essay writing, accurate, verifiable, and Hult International School pertinent to the position. Writing School. If a candidate has 20 years of experience directly relating to the position being applied for and that experience is verifiable, it should be listed even if the resume goes four-plus pages.” Given that employers screen resumes for as few as 6 seconds, a resume must quickly capture the reader’s interest. “As long as the resume grabs the attention of the hiring manager, it is the right length,” says McCown-Guard. “Whatever the length of the think Hult International Business resume, the critical factor is to make absolutely certain that your reader’s interest is piqued within the first half of the essay School first page,” cautions Laurie J. International School. Smith, president of Creative Keystrokes Executive Resume Service. “Of equal or greater importance [to length] is article, concise writing, short paragraphs, brief lists of bullet points, and good organizational strategies that ensure the resume can be quickly skimmed,” notes the Findings of critically think Hult International 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the Next in Careers . “In addition, it is how to critically, essential to critically think Hult International, use strong merchandising and positioning strategies to bring the numbers in an essay most relevant information to the forefront. Creating a strong impact “above the fold” — on think Business School, the top half of the essay writing Glenlyon Norfolk first page of the resume — has become increasingly critical for job seekers in one of the think Hult International most competitive employment markets we’ve ever experienced.”

Whatever page your resume ends on, text should fill at least a third to a half of the page. If the why writing essay Brunel University last page of your resume amounts to critically International Business School, just a few lines of text, it’s best to condense so that the preceding page becomes the last page of writing Clifton College your resume. Conversely, don’t add superfluous text just to critically Hult Business, fill up the numbers in an essay Clifton College last page of your resume. “I never fluff up content for the sake of filling space,” says Teena Rose of Resume to Referral. “Irrelevancies can dilute the overall effectiveness of the resume.” The end of your resume, Rose notes, “should offer additional value and not be perceived as leftovers.” Don’t sacrifice your resume’s readability to make it conform to arbitrary “rules” about resume length. It’s always pitiful when we have to whip out the think School magnifying class to read the tiny 8- or 9-point type on the resume of a job-seeker who has gone to absurd lengths to limit his or her resume to a certain number of pages. Don’t forego readable type (we suggest no smaller than 10.5 point; 11 to 11.5 is better), comfortable margins (some resume writers say 1 inch all around; we’ve gone as small as .7?), space between lines, white space, and a pleasing, eye-attracting layout just to cram your resume onto X number of pages. “It’s less taxing and writing numbers essay Clifton time-consuming to read one and think Hult a half or two well-formatted pages than one page where everything’s squished together,” observes one expert. “Those resumes that do contain detailed information, but are literally ‘crammed’ into one page, are now frowned upon,” says Cooper in his Resume Critique Writer software. “It is simply too difficult for a hiring director to read the tiny print and jam-packed information squeezed into Brunel London a one-page stuffed resume.

Companies that once insisted on one-page resumes are perfectly happy with a clearly-written, concise, and well-formatted two-page resume that is easy to Hult School, read, yet has the detailed information they now need.” Page numbers, headers, and footers can aid continuity in a resume that is two or more pages. All resume pages beyond page one need to essay writing Glenlyon, be numbered. Think Business. Some job-seekers choose a “page 2 of 3” model. “If you decide to go with two or more pages, be sure to include your name and appropriate page number at the top,” suggests Ann Baehr of Best Resumes. How To Write An English Article Conestoga College. “And organize all of the information with distinct categories to make it easier for the reader to critically Hult International Business, find what they are looking for at a glance.” Including your name close to the page number is in an essay, highly desirable in case resume pages get separated from each other. Critically Think Hult International Business. However, repeating your entire “letterhead” from the first page of your resume on harvard essay Glenlyon, subsequent pages can be confusing and take up too much space. Career-management coach Don Orlando takes a novel approach to think International School, a footer designed to how to article Conestoga College, entice the employer to keep reading the critically Business School resume: “At the bottom of my multi-page resumes, there is a [customized] footer that reads something like this: ‘More indicators of essay writing performance General Motors can use now…'” It’s OK for critically Hult International a resume section, such as your experience, to straddle two pages of your resume, but avoid splitting the harvard essay writing Glenlyon description of a given job over two pages. Finish describing a job on one page, and begin detailing the next-oldest job on critically think Hult Business, the following page. Final Thoughts on Job-Seeker Resume Length. One more guideline to how to think auf dem Rosenberg, consider is Hult Business School, that one-page resumes are typically expected for networking and at job fairs. If you’re still torn about how long to make your resume, consider contacting a qualified resume writer for an expert consultation.

Questions about Brunel some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on think Business School, key college, career, and job-search terms by going to get someone your College, our Job-Seeker’s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about critically Hult Business School storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who ea ned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dyn mic Cover Letters for New Graduates and purpose thinking School A Foot in t e Door: N tworking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by critically International Business School, Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to Norfolk School, a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and critically Hult International Business School The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by essay Brunel London (Navitas), e-mail at kathy(at) Check out critically Hult International Business, Dr.

Hansen on GooglePlus. Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and more that we have in the Resume Resources section of essay Brunel London Quintessential Careers? QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER. LiveCareer’s Resume Builder is the fastest, most efficient way to build an critically think, effective resume. Featuring hundreds of templates and professional designs for all jobs and write an english article College industries, Resume Builder also includes sample phrases written by our experts, plus helpful tips and advice to make your resume stand out. We’ll guide you step by step through the process, so you can build an impressive resume that will make employers want to know more. Critically Business. Ready to jump-start your job search and move closer to reaching your goals?

Try Resume Builder today, and learn how easy it is to write College, create your own resume. We’re so confident that you’ll love Resume Builder that you can try it for FREE! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to critically think, help land the how to Institut Rosenberg job you want. Dr. Think Hult. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. To Write Essay Brooke House College. Randall S. Hansen is International Business, founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of He is also founder of and

He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr.

Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for get someone your essay jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in Hult International School the job search at A Storied Career. Get Someone Essay House College. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for critically think International New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and essay writing Glenlyon Norfolk School with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at Check out Hult International, Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus.

I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the why writing is important University (Navitas) process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for critically think International Business job-seekers, compiled by get someone your Brooke House, the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an think Hult Business, archive of our previous blog posts. Purpose Of Critical Thinking Marian High. Please check out the critically Business new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for in an essay College Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job []

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42 Resume Dos and critically Hult International Business Don#39;ts Every Job Seeker Should Know. If things are supposed to get easier over how to think critically, time, why hasn’t the task of resume-writing gotten simpler? Actually, it feels like we’re heading in Hult Business, the opposite direction—every month, we learn about of critical Marian Catholic, a fresh resume commandment, like “Thou shalt not use a resume objective statement” or “Thou shalt not send a traditional resume to a creative company.” It’s enough to make any professional a little frustrated. Fortunately, we’ve rounded up the critically think Hult ultimate list of resume dos and harvard writing Glenlyon Norfolk School don’ts, from the traditional rules to the brand-spanking-new ones. Take a look, then pull up your resume and critically think Hult International make sure it’s recruiter-ready.

1. Do Highlight Your Most Relevant Experiences. Rule #1 of resume writing is why writing is important essay London that you should be turning in a different version for each role you apply to, tailored and Hult School targeted to essay House the position. After all, your resume should demonstrate you have the specific set of skills, experience, and accomplishments necessary to School do the writing in an Clifton College job—not just a set. Make it easy for the hiring manager to see why you’re the right fit. 2. Don’t Freak Out if You Have No Relevant Experience. Whether you’re fresh out of college or switching to a brand-new industry, you can help bolster your lack of critically think Hult Business School, relevant work experience by listing your transferable skills, related side projects, and relevant coursework. Read more about critically, how to do this here. Critically Hult International School! 3. Do Optimize for Applicant Tracking Systems. Many large organizations (and even some smaller ones) use applicant tracking systems to weed out purpose of critical thinking Catholic, unqualified applicants. Critically Think International Business! The systems scan your resume for get someone your essay Brooke House College, contextual keywords and phrases, mathematically scoring them for relevance and sending only the most qualified ones through for human review.

As you can guess, this strategy isn’t perfect. Hult! To ensure your resume makes it past the ATS and into the hands of a human, keep your formatting simple, include the writing essay Clifton right keywords (but don’t go overboard), and quadruple check for think Hult, spelling mistakes. (More on how to how to critically Rosenberg do it right, here.) 4. Don’t Steal the Job Description’s Exact Wording. That said, you shouldn’t take exact phrases straight from the job description. If a company says it’s looking for think Business School, candidates who “learn rapidly” and “have a diverse knowledge of programming languages,” your skills section shouldn’t read “learns rapidly” and “has a diverse knowledge of programming languages.” Instead, find a different way of saying the same thing—maybe devote a resume bullet to to write essay House a software you learned in think Hult International Business School, two weeks, or list the seven different programming languages you’re familiar with.

You’ve probably heard that recruiters love reading resume bullets with numbers, like “Increased sales in Northern region by thinking Marian High School 300%.” And they do! So use them whenever possible. Think Hult International School! Oh, and don’t worry if your job doesn’t really involve numbers—with our guide, you can quantify any accomplishment. 6. Don’t Include Anything Confidential. Seems like a no-brainer—but Google’s Head of HR says he sees confidential info on resumes all the Clifton College time.

When deciding whether to leave something on your resume, use the New York Times test. In other words, if you wouldn’t want it published next to your name on the front page of a major national newspaper, take it out. The “quantifiable accomplishments” technique also works for soft skills. Make sure each bullet point describes a skill the hiring manager is looking for, then use facts and figures to show—not tell—just what a “skilled manager” or “effective communicator” you are. Check it out: “Developed and independently initiated new mentorship program to alleviate high turnover of new staff members, resulting in the matching of 23 mentor-mentee pairs and a significant reduction in staff turnover.” Sounds like a “skilled manager” to critically Hult us! Because everyone assumes you know how to use Microsoft Word. And the internet. Use your valuable resume space to highlight skills that actually make you stand out.

9. Do Consider Volunteer or Other Non-Work Experience. Although it’s nontraditional, if volunteer work has taken up a significant chunk of your time or taught you skills applicable to the job you’re applying for, think about putting it on your resume. Side projects, pro bono work, or temp gigs can also be a unique way to bolster your resume and how to article Conestoga show off other skills. 10. Don’t Include Work With Controversial Organizations.

Maybe that volunteer work was fundraising for a politician, or answering the phone at a LGBT-resource organization. Some experiences are pretty divisive, so read our tips on whether or not you should put them on your resume. 11. Do Include Personal Accomplishments. If you’ve done something cool in your personal life that either shows off your soft skills or engages your technical skills in a new way, you should definitely include it. Critically Think Hult International School! Maybe you’ve run a couple marathons, demonstrating your adventurous spirit, strong work ethic, and desire to challenge yourself. Get Someone College! Or you’ve won some poker tournaments, which shows you’re a quick thinker and good with numbers. Business School! Learn more here on how to include these in the right way. 12. Don’t Include Random, Unrelated, or Off-Putting Hobbies.

That said, remember that hiring managers probably don’t care if you love basketball, are active in your book club, or are a member of a Dungeons and Dragons group. Eliminate anything that’s not totally transferable to work-related skills (or a really, really epic conversation starter). Is Important Brunel! 13. Do Think of New Ways to Frame Your Accomplishments. Business School! Don’t have the exact experience for the job you’re applying to? You can actually tweak how you frame your accomplishments to show off vastly different things. Career expert Lily Zhang explains with examples here. Meaning: Don’t oversell your high school babysitting experience. In fact, anything from high school should probably go. 15.

Do Show How You Moved Up (or Around) at Past Companies. It can be tempting (and more simple) to combine multiple roles at one company, but you should actually be highlighting your different job titles. How To Write An English! After all, it says a lot about you if you were promoted within an organization or were able to transition your role. Learn how to show this off without making your resume look disorganized here. Critically Think Business School! 16.

Don’t Use an in an essay College, Objective Statement. There’s only critically think Hult School, one situation in which you need an harvard writing Norfolk School, objective statement: when you’re making a huge career change. Making the think International leap from, say, business development to marketing means your resume could definitely use a clear explanation that you’re transitioning roles and have the necessary transferable skills. But if you’re a PR rep applying to a PR firm, an objective statement will just waste valuable space. 17. Do Consider a Summary Statement.

A summary statement, which consists of a couple lines at the beginning of your resume that give potential employers a broad outline of your skills and experience, is the most ideal if you have years of experience you need to tie together with a common theme. They’re also good if you have a bunch of writing numbers essay, disparate skills and critically think Hult Business want to make it clear how they fit together. Here’s more on when you need one and how to put it together. While it’s okay to glaze over gaps a little (for example, by writing essay College just using years to show dates of employments instead of critically think Hult International School, months and to write essay Brooke House College years), you should never outright lie about them. Instead, be honest and confident when explaining unemployment periods. Whatever you did while you weren’t working—traveling, running a household, helping your community—it’s almost certain you picked up some skills that would help you in critically think Hult School, the job for which you’re applying. So mention them!

For obvious reasons, anything that’s not 100% true doesn’t belong on think Institut auf dem your resume. Critically Think Business! Because hiring managers are really, really tired of seeing descriptions like hard worker, team player, or detail-oriented on resumes. You should also be careful about purpose thinking High, any industry or role-specific jargon you use. In many companies, if you want to your resume to land on the hiring manager’s desk, you’ve got to get it past HR first—which means putting everything in critically International, terms a layperson can understand. Using unnecessarily big words doesn’t make you sound more intelligent or capable. Not only are hiring managers totally aware of what you’re trying (and failing) to do, but “resume speak” can obscure your real experience. So, instead of “utilized innovative social media technique to boost readership and engagement among core demographic” say, “posted on Twitter three times a day and brought follower count from get someone to write essay Brooke House College, 1,000 to think Hult International 3,000.” You should also be careful of using words with negative connotations—even if you’re using them in a positive light. Saying “met aggressive sales goals” or “fixed widespread communication problem ” will subconsciously make recruiters think less of how to write article Conestoga College, you.

Instead, write “delivered on ambitious number of critically Hult International School, sales” or “proposed and implemented solution to Glenlyon make company communication easier and more efficient.” Skip the think Business tired and all-too-frequently used “led,” “handled,” and harvard Glenlyon School “managed,” and critically Hult Business go for think Rosenberg, verbs like “charted,” “administered,” “consolidated,” or “maximized,” which make you look both confident and competent. International! We’ve compiled 181 options of numbers in an essay College, unique verbs to use, so no matter what you do, you can find the Hult International Business School right word. 24. Don’t Include “References Upon Request” It takes up room you could otherwise use for experience and skills. And, um, it looks presumptuous. Pretty basic, but you’d be surprised how many job seekers put together an why writing is important essay Brunel University (Navitas), amazing resume—and then don’t include enough “here’s where to find me” info.

This section should have your name, email address, phone number, address (or just city), LinkedIn URL, and personal website, if you have one. Also, make sure you’re using your personal contact info, rather than your work. Because that’s a recipe for disaster. 26. Don’t Include Anything That Could Be Discriminated Against. While it’s illegal to critically think International discriminate against a job candidate because of his or her age, marital status, gender, religion, race, color, or national origin, it doesn’t mean it doesn’t happen subconsciously. Get Someone Your Brooke College! Don’t give recruiters the critically think Hult International chance, and writing School just leave these details off. Recruiters read a lot of resumes, so they don’t want to have to spend a ton of time looking over yours. Cut it down to the most relevant information and keep it short and succinct. Laszlo Bock, Google’s senior vice president of people operations, recommends one page of resume for critically Hult International Business, every 10 years of work experience as a good rule of thumb. Purpose! That being said, don’t try to squeeze as much information as possible into that one page.

If you manage to pack in more information—but in a size 8 font and with no white space on the page—you might as well have not added that information at all. Cut it down to an amount of information you can comfortably fit on the page, in a readable font and think Hult School with enough white space to purpose of critical Catholic make it easy on the eyes. 29. Do Consider a Creative or Digital Resume. Resumes that look like infographics, data visualizations, or even videos or multimedia presentations can be a great way to stand out critically International, from the crowd.

If you think this might be the right route for you, check out some great options here. (Note: This is generally a better option when you’re applying to write Conestoga smaller, more creative shops—traditional companies will still likely want traditional resumes.) 30. Don’t Spend All Your Time on the Design. While making your resume look nice is important, recruiters say job seekers spend far too much time worrying about think Hult International Business, it (that is, unless you’re working in write an english article College, a design field). Focus on the content, make sure the right information is highlighted, and just make sure it looks nice enough to make the information easy to digest. Hult International Business School! Want your resume to look well designed—without the extra time? We’ve found 41 of the best resume templates ever. Essay Brunel University! They’ll make formatting a breeze. And really, it’s best to stick to one basic font. Unless you’re a designer and know a lot about typography, it’s easy to critically think Hult International choose fonts that clash or are distracting. 33. How To Write Article College! Do Make Sure Your Job Titles or Companies Stand Out.

Of course, you want to make sure the International most important information stands out and is easy to to write your essay House College skim. Instead of using a different font to critically Hult International do this, use bold or italic text, a slightly larger font, or your layout to help make sure this information is findable. 34. Don’t Go Overboard With Text Effects. If every other word is bolded , italicized , or in ALL CAPS, at harvard writing Glenlyon Norfolk best, your resume will be distracting—at worst, annoying. Use emphasis sparingly, for your most important info. 35.

Do Align Your Dates and Locations to the Right. This small change will make your resume way easier on the eyes. You should be able to critically think Hult make a “column” of dates and locations for each job by to write your College creating a right tab. Think Hult Business! 36. Don’t Use More Than Two Lines Per Bullet. This strategy will make your resume easier to skim (which is good, because most hiring managers will spend less than 20 seconds reading it).

Again, cut it down to the most important information. Because 4 and 22% take less time to read than “four” and “twenty-two percent.” Plus, using digits saves you space. 38. Don’t Send it as a Word Document. Sending your resume off as a .doc file will most likely result in purpose thinking, all of this careful formatting getting messed up when the critically think Hult International Business School recruiter opens the file.

Save your final version as a PDF to make sure everything stays just as is. 39. Why Writing Is Important Essay Brunel London (Navitas)! Do Swap Resumes With Colleagues. Critically Hult Business! Look at how they describe their duties and writing numbers the company. Chances are, you’ll get some inspiration for your own descriptions.

Plus, having some fresh eyes look at your resume is always beneficial. Ask a few friends what about critically think School, your resume makes an impact and what is boring, confusing, or too vague. If the same things keep popping up, it’s probably time to article Conestoga edit. And proofread. Multiple times. Hult Business! For help, check out this editor’s guide to perfecting your resume. Remember rule number one on tailoring your resume? Well, creating a master resume that includes every position you’ve ever held will make that task much quicker.

You’ll never send your master resume to anyone, so it doesn’t matter how long it is. Just write out each and why writing is important Brunel (Navitas) every job experience you’ve ever had. With all of the possible corresponding bullet points. Critically Think Hult School! Then, when it comes time to apply to a job, you can copy and paste the relevant sections of your master resume into a new document. Want to make sure you’re spending enough time on the right things in how to write an english Conestoga College, your resume? Run your resume through a word cloud generator like TagCrowd. This will create an image representing the Business School most frequent words, with the most common ones showing up larger and darker.

With a quick glance, you’ll be able to see what terms employers will most associate with you—and whether you need to do some adjusting to have the right message shine through. Photo of typewriter courtesy of Shutterstock. Aja Frost is critically Institut auf dem Rosenberg a freelance writer specializing in business, tech, career advice, and productivity. Check out her website or say hi on Twitter. Critically Think Hult International! Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.

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Essay on Religion: Meaning, Nature , Role and other details (5931 Words) Here is your essay on religion, it’s meaning, nature, role and other details! Religion is an almost universal institution in human society. It is found in critically think International, all societies, past and present. All the preliterate societies known to us have religion. How To Think Institut Rosenberg? Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. Critically Hult School? It is get someone your essay Brooke a very ancient institution. There is Hult School no primitive society without religion. Image Courtesy : Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of men.

While most people consider religion as universal and how to write Conestoga, therefore, a significant institution of societies. It is the foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. It is the social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. It has influenced other institutions. Critically Business? It has been exerting tremendous influence upon political and how to auf dem Rosenberg, economic aspects of life. It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious.

Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and think Business School, Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. are examples of the great religions of the world. Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. It is the human response to those elements in writing Clifton, the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. Religion is critically think Hult School pre-eminently social and is found in harvard essay Glenlyon Norfolk, nearly all societies. Majumdar and Madan explain that the word religion has its origin in critically Hult International School, the Latin word Rel (I) igio. This is derived from two root words. The first root is Leg, meaning “together, count or observe”. The second root is Lig, meaning ‘to bind’. The first root refers to belief in purpose thinking, and practice of “signs of Divine Communication”. The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the International, supernatural powers. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and practices which are generally the main characteristics of how to think auf dem Rosenberg, all religions.

Central to critically think Hult Business, all religions is the concept of faith. Religion in this sense is the organisation of faith which binds human beings to their temporal and numbers essay Clifton College, transcendental foundation. By faith man is think International School distinguished from other beings. It is essentially a subjective and think critically Institut, private matter. Faith is something which binds us together and is therefore, more important than reason. Pfleiderer defined religion as “that reference men’s life to a word governing power which seeks to grow into a living union with it.” According to Business, James G. Frazer considered religion as a belief in “Powers superior to man which are believed to direct and control the course of nature and of human life”.

As Christopher Dauson writes, “Whenever and wherever man has a sense of dependence on external powers which are conceived as mysterious and higher than man’s own, there is religion, and the feelings of awe and self-abasement with which man is filled in the presence of think critically Rosenberg, such powers is essentially a religious emotion, the root of critically International Business, worship and prayer.” Arnold W. Green defines religion as “a system of beliefs and symbolic practices and objects, governed by faith rather than by knowledge, which relates man to an unseen supernatural realm beyond the known and purpose of critical thinking High School, beyond the controllable.” According to Maclver and Page, “Religion, as we understand the term, implies a relationship not merely between man and man but also between man and some higher power.” As Gillin and Gillin says, “The social field of critically think Hult School, religion may be regarded as including those emotionalized beliefs prevalent in a social group concurring the supernatural plus crest and behaviour, material objects and symbols associated with such beliefs.” Thus, there are numerous definitions of religion given thinkers according to their own conceptions. As a matter of Marian School, fact the forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to agree upon a definition. Some maintain that religion includes a belief in supernatural or mysterious powers and that it expresses itself in overt activities designed to deal with those powers. Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to achieve practical ends.

Sumner and Keller asserted that, “Religion in history, from the earliest to very recent days, has not been a matter of morality at all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”. Religion, in fact, is not a mere process of mediations about man’s life; it is also a means of preserving the values of life. While it is possible to define religion as belief in God or some super-natural powers, it is well to remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism. In sociology, the word religion is think Business used in a wider sense than that used in religious books. A common characteristic found among all religions is that they represent a complex of emotional feelings and attitudes towards mysterious and perplexities of life. According to Radin it consists of two parts: (a) Physiological and (b) psychological. The physiological part expresses itself in such acts as kneeling, closing the eyes, touching the feet. Purpose Thinking Marian Catholic? The psychological part consists of supernormal sensitivity to critically International Business, certain traditions and beliefs. While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”.

If we analyse the great religions of the world, we shall find that each of them contains, five basic elements: (1) belief in supernatural powers, (2) belief in the holy, (3) ritual, (4) acts defined as sinful and (5) some method of salvation. The first basic element of religion is the numbers, belief that there are supernatural powers. These powers are believed to influence human life and control all natural phenomena. Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods. There are even others who do not call them by any name. They simply consider them as forces in their universe. Thus, belief in the non-sensory, super-empirical world is the first element of religion. There are certain holy or sacred elements of religion.

These constitute the heart of the religion. There are certain things which are regarded as holy or sacred. But a thing is holy or sacred not because of a peculiar quality of thing. An attitude makes a thing holy. The sacred character of a tangible thing is not observable to critically think International, the senses. Sacred things are symbols.

They symbolize the things of the unseen, super-empirical world, they symbolize certain sacred but tangible realities. When a Hindu worships a cow, he worships it not because of the kind of animal the cow is, but because of a host of super-empirical characteristics which this animal is imagined to represent. Religious ritual is “the active side of religion. It is behaviour with reference to super empirical entities and sacred- objects”. It includes any kind of behavior (such as the wearing of special clothing and the immersion in certain rivers, in the Ganga for instance), prayers, hymns, creedal recitations, and other forms of harvard essay writing, reverence, usually performed with other people and in public. It can include singing, dancing, weeping, crawling, starving, feasting, etc. Failure to perform these acts is considered a sin.

Each religion defines certain acts as sinful and profane (unholy). They are certain moral principles which are explained to critically International Business School, have a supernatural origin. It is writing in an essay Clifton College believed that the powers of the other world cherish these principles. The violation of these principles creates man’s sense of guilty. Critically Think Business School? It may also bring upon him the disfavour of the supernatural powers. Numbers In An Essay College? If the behaviour is not in accordance with the religions code, the behaviour or act is considered as sinful. A method of salvation is the fifth basic element of religion. Man needs some method by which he can regain harmony with the Gods through removal of guilt. In Hindu religion Moksha or Salvation represents the end of life, the critically think International School, realisation of an inner spirituality in man. The Hindu seeks release from the bondage of Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of his actions in his life. The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha.

The Buddhist hopes to attain Salvation by being absorbed in the Godhead and entering Nirvana. The Christian has a redeemer in Christ who gave his life for man’s sins. In short, religion is the institutionalised set of beliefs men hold about supernatural forces. It is more or less coherent system of beliefs and practices concerning a supernatural order of beings, forces, places or other entities. Religion is interwoven with all aspects of human life: with kinship systems, economic and political institutions. Prior to the advent of what may be called as “the age of reason”, religion has been the chief supporter of the spiritual and moral values of life. It has shaped domestic, economic and political institutions. Hence, it is obvious that religion performs a number of think Institut auf dem, functions both for the religious group and for the wider society. These functions of religion are discussed bellow. 1. Religion Helps in the Struggle for Societal Survival:

Religion may be said to help in the struggle for critically think International Business School, societal survival. Rushton Coulborn has shown that religion played a crucial role in the formation and early development of seven primary civilisations: Egyptian Mesopotamian, Indian, Cretan, Chinese, Middle American and Andean. Religion in each of is important London, these societies gave its members the courage needed for survival in an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to certain aspects of the Business School, human conditions which could not be explained in a rational manner. In present societies religion also performs this role. By relating the empirical world to the super-empirical world religion gives the individual a sense of security in this rapidly changing world. This sense of security of the individual has significance for the society. Since religion helps man to forget the suffering, disappointments and sorrows in this life’, social dissatisfaction and social unrest become less frequent and the social system continues functioning.

2. Religion Promotes Social Integration: Religion acts as a unifying force and hence, promotes social integration in several ways. Religion plays an important part in crystallising, symbolising and reinforcing common values and norms. Auf Dem Rosenberg? It thus provides support for social standards, socially accepted behaviour. Common faith, values and norms etc. Think? are significant in unifying people. As the individuals perform rituals collectively their devotion to group ends is enhanced. Through a ritual individual expresses common beliefs and sentiments. It thus helps him to identify himself more with his fellows, and to how to write an english Conestoga College, distinguish himself more from members of other groups, communities or nations.

By distinguishing between holy and unholy things, religion creates sacred symbol for critically think Business, the values and this symbol becomes the rallying point for all persons who share the same values. The cow as a sacred symbol of the Hindus, for why writing essay Brunel University, example, is think International Business a rallying point which gives cohesion to Hindu society. Religion performs its function of integration through social control. Essay Glenlyon? It regulates the critically School, conduct of individuals by enforcing moral principles on them and by prescribing powerful sanctions against them for violation. 3. Religion helps to knit the Social Values of a Society into a Cohesive Whole: It is the ultimate source of social cohesion.

The primary requirement of society is the common possession of social values by which individuals control the actions of self and others and School, through which society is perpetuated. These social values emanate from religious faith. Religion is the foundation upon which these values rest. Children should obey their parents, should not tell a lie or cheat, women should be faithful to men; people should be honest and virtuous are some of the social values which maintain social cohesion. It is religion that asks man to renounce unsocial activities and requires him to accept limitations upon his wants and critically Hult Business School, desires. All the religions have preached love and non-violence. They have emphasized sacrifice and how to think auf dem, forbearance.

4. Religions Acts as an Agent of Social Control: It is one of the means of informal means of social control. Religion not only defines moral expectations for members of the religious group but usually enforces them. International? It supports certain types of social conduct by placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. It makes certain forms of social behaviour as offences not only against society but also against essay Brooke House College God. Critically Hult International School? Hence, any violation of the acceptable norm is punishable not only by God but by society. Hinduism gives sanction to the caste system which regulates social relations of various classes in India.

5. Harvard Essay Writing Glenlyon Norfolk School? Religion Promotes Social Welfare: Religion encourages people to render services to the needy and poor and promote their welfare. It develops philanthropic attitude of people. Help and assistance are rendered to think International, poor and destitute persons due to religion inspiration. It is believed that one can obtain the cherished goal of religion by way of giving alms and Conestoga College, assistance to the helpless and needy persons. In this way religion promotes the think Hult Business School, welfare of individuals, groups and community. The priesthood often was dedicated to art and culture. The priests laid the foundations of medicine. Magic supplied the roots of observation and experimentation from which science developed.

It also inculcated the habit of charity among the people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the needy and the poor. 7. It Rationalizes and Makes bearable Individual Suffering in the known World: Religion serves to soothe the man in times of why writing essay Brunel University London, his suffering and disappointment. In this world man often suffers disappointment even in the midst of critically, all hopes and achievements. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him. When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and essay writing School, striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to console and compensate him. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of condolence.

On God he puts faith and entertains the belief that some unseen power moves in critically Business School, mysterious ways to make even his loss meaningful. Faith in God compensates him and sustains his interest in life and makes it bearable. In this way religion helps man to bear his frustrations and of critical Catholic School, encourages him to accept his lot on earth. 8. Religion Enhances Self-importance: It expands one’s self to infinite proportions. Man unites himself with the infinite and feels ennobled. Hult International School? Through unity with the infinite the self is made majestic and auf dem, triumphant. Man considers himself the critically think, noblest work of God with whom he shall be united and his self thus becomes grand and luminous.

Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. An English? Religion supports institutional pattern more explicitly. All the great religions of the world have attempted to regulate kinship relations, especially marriage and family. Political institutions are often sanctioned by religion: the emperor of China or Japan was sacred; the ruling caste of India was sanctioned by Brahmanism; the kings of France were supposed to rule by divine right. Religious rites are performed on many occasions in relation to vital events and dominant interests: birth, initiation, marriage, sickness, death, hunting, animal husbandry and so on; and critically think School, they are intimately concerned with family and essay Clifton, kinship interests and with political institutions. Religion is the central element in the life of civilisation. Religion has also performed some other services to critically think Business School, humanity among which Sumner and Keller included the provision of work, the spread of education, the accumulation of capital and the creation of a leisure class. For thousands of years, religion has exerted a great influence over economic and political life. How To? Even today religion is School called upon to support rulers, contacts and other legal procedures. In addition to positive functions of religion, there are some negative aspects of to write Brooke College, its social functions. Although religion is an integrative force, it may be disruptive for the society as a whole.

Sumner and Keller, Benjamin Kidd, Karl Marx, Thomas F. O’ Dea and others have pointed the dysfunctions of religion. The dysfunctions of critically think Business School, religion are as follows. 1. Religion Inhibits Protests and Hinders Social Changes: According to essay Clifton, Thomas F. O’ Dea, religion inhibits protests and impedes social changes which may even prove to be beneficial to the welfare of the critically International Business, society. All protests and conflicts are not always negative.

Protests and conflicts often become necessary for bringing out changes. Some changes would certainly lead to positive reforms. By inhibiting protests and preventing changes religion may postpone reforms. 2. Hampers the Adaptation of Society to Changed Conditions: Social values and norms emanate from religious faith. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. This can “impede a more functionally appropriate adaptation of society to changing conditions.” For example, during the medieval Europe, the Church refused to grant the ethical legitimacy of money lending at interest, despite the great functional need of this activity in a situation of developing capitalism”.

Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking. Similar social conflict is evident in the case of birth control measures including abortion, in the Catholic world. 3. Religion may Foster Dependence and harvard writing Norfolk School, Irresponsibility: Religion often makes its followers dependent on religious institutions and leaders. But it does not develop an ability in International Business School, them to purpose of critical thinking Marian, assume individual responsibility. For example, a good number of people in India prefer to critically Business School, take the advises of priests and get someone essay, religious leaders before starting some ventures.

But they do not take the suggestion of those who are competent in the field. In its course of development religion has supported and promoted evil practices such as cannibalism, slavery, untouchability, human and animal sacrifice etc. As religion interprets misfortune and suffering in this world as manifestations of the supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the existing social structure. Religion preaches submission to the existing socio-economic condition and to fate. It is this control function of religion that caused Marx to call religion as “the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of critically think School, soulless conditions. Get Someone To Write Brooke House College? It is the opiate of the people.” By sanctifying norms and legitimizing social institutions, religion serves as a guardian of the status quo.

Religion is the source of critically, many superstitions. These superstitions have caused harm to of critical Marian Catholic, human being. Superstitions like evil spirits and ghosts cause diseases; poverty is the think Business School, desire of the God etc. hinder the welfare of harvard essay writing Glenlyon Norfolk, human beings. Religion results in critically think Business School, inter-group conflicts by Brunel University London, dividing people along religious lines. It is deeply related with conflicts. Wars and battles have been fought in the name of religion. Sumner and Keller are of the critically International, opinion that religion often causes economic wastes. For example, investing huge sums of money on building temples, churches, mosques, etc., spending much on harvard Glenlyon School religious fairs, festivals and International Business, ceremonies, spoiling huge quantity of food articles, material things etc., in the name offerings. It leads to waste of why writing is important University London (Navitas), human labour, energy and time. Religion creates diversities among people. It creates a gap among them.

In the name of God and religion, loot, plundering, mass killing, rape and other cruel and inhuman treatments have been meted out to people. Religion has made people blind, dumb and deaf to the reality. They have faith without reasoning which is blind. On the contrary, it has often made people to become bigots and fanatics. Bigotry and fanaticism have led to think Hult International School, persecution, inhuman treatment and misery in the past.

Religion preserves traditions. Writing Numbers In An Essay College? It preaches submission to the existing conditions and maintenance of status quo. Religion is not readily amenable to social change and progress. 12. Religion Retards Scientific Achievement: Religion has tried to prevent the critically Business, scientists from discovering new facts. For example, it tried to suppress the doctrines of Conestoga, Darwin, Huxley and others. By placing high premium on divine power religion has made people fatalistic. They think that all events in life is due to some divine power and hence due to fate. As a result, his power and potentiality is critically think School undermined.

Thus, religion affects the creativity of man. Marx has strongly criticised religion. For Marx all that was fundamental in the science of society proceeded from the material and especially the economic sphere. For him therefore religion is, to be sure, superstition, but to stop at this point is to to write your Brooke House College, limit religion to merely abstract belief. It leaves the impression that religion may be dislodged simply by new, rational belief. Marx’s sense of the matter is more profound. Merely changing beliefs is not enough.

The transformation of an International School entire social order is required, for belief is deeply rooted in get someone House College, the social relations of men. Religion, writes Marx, “is the ‘self-consciousness and self-feeling of man who either has not yet found himself or has already lost himself. But man is no abstract being, squatting outside the world. Man is the world of man, the state, and society. This state, this society produce religion, a perverted world consciousness, because they are a perverted world. Religion is the critically think Hult International School, compendium of that world, its encyclopedic, its enthusiasm, its moral sanction, its solemn completion, its universal ground for consolation and justification.

It is the fantastic realization of the human essence because the human essence has no true reality. Marx believed, like Luduig Feuerbach, that what man gives to God in the form of worship, he takes from essay Glenlyon himself. Critically Hult International Business School? That is, man is write Conestoga College persuaded through suffering or through false teaching to project what is his to a supernatural being. But he was convinced, unlike Feuerbach, that what is fundamental is critically think International not religious forms – against which Feuerbach had urged revolt-but the economic forms of is important, existence. The abolition of religion as the “illusory happiness” of the people is required for their real happiness, declared Marx.

But before religion can be abolished the conditions which nurture it must be done away with. “The demand to give up the critically Business School, illusions about its condition is the demand to give up a condition which needs illusion”. Marx’s criticism of religion is thus deeply connected with the essay writing School, criticism of right and the criticism of politics. As Marx put it… “The criticism of heaven transforms itself into the criticism of earth, the criticism of religion into the criticism of law and critically Business, the criticism of theology into the criticism of politics”. Marx was an atheist as well as a great humanist. He had profound sympathy for all who look up to religion for salvation. This is amply clear from his following observation: “The criticism of religion ends with the teaching that man is the highest essence of man, hence with the categorical imperative to why writing is important essay Brunel (Navitas), overthrow all relations in which man is Hult debased, enslaved abandoned…” Change is the very essence of a living thing. A living religion must grow, must advance and must change. No form of religion is writing School static. In some cases the change may be slow and minor, in others relatively rapid and major.

Every religion claims its first principle supreme, original and eternal. Hence, there is also an element of censure for change. Broadly, there are three types of changes in religion: (i) from simple to complex, (ii) from complex to simple and (iii) mixing forms. Contact with complex form of religion adds many new elements in the simple form of tribal religion. Hult International School? For example, with the purpose of critical thinking Marian Catholic, gradual spread of Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to reorganise traditional faith. There are also examples of simplification of complex form of religion, specially of rituals and ceremonies.

Buddhism for instance, came as a revolt against the Vedic ritual which was both complex and think International Business, expensive, and also beyond the in an essay Clifton, common man’s reach. In the 19 century, Brahmo Samaj again tried to simplify the complex nature of Brahmanic Hinduism. Mixing of more than one form has caused development of new religious organisation. Hult International Business School? The most excellent example is of critical Catholic High School of Sophism. It has evolved from Persian, Zoroastrianism and Arab Islamism. Sikhism, Kabirpantha and many other Santa-Sampradayas of their kind are Sanatan Hinduism, modified by Buddhism and Suphism. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated village towards large, complex, urban, industrialised society the character of influence of religion on man and his life changes. In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind, those concerned with the necessities of life, played a dominant part. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by critically think International School, a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (such as politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastical to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as a power over man and his society loses its importance.

This movement is sometimes referred to as secularisation. Thus secularisation as Bryan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. In Europe, secularisation is held to be the outcome of the social changes brought about by urban, industrial society. It means that religious beliefs and practices have tended to decline in how to think critically Institut Rosenberg, modern urban, industrial societies, particularly among the working class in Western societies. Religion in Western societies has tended to place less emphasis on dogma and more on critically social values. It has tried to reconcile its doctrine with scientific knowledge. As Barnes has pointed out religion adapted to our changed conditions of writing numbers in an, life is worth preserving and it must seek to organise. The masses and guide their activities for the benefit of the society rather than for the purpose of pleasing the God. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the critically Hult International, dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from simple repudiation of House College, religion and the rise of rationalism.

However, the process of secularisation has affected the domination of religious institutions and symbols. The process of secularisation was started in India during the British rule. But the process of secularisation took its course unlike Western Europe renaissance and reformation in the fifteenth and sixteenth century. The process was very slow. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of religion in Hult International, India. Various laws of social reformation, modern education, transport and communication contributed towards decline in religiosity among the Hindus. No doubt we are moving from write an english Conestoga religiosity to secular way of life. But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society. First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and North America. Second, the Hult International, vitality of Zionism, militant Islam (Islamic fundamentalism), radical Catholicism in Latin America and Sikhism, fundamentalism and communalism in India suggest that no necessary connection exists between modernisation and secularisation.

All these criticisms are formidable indeed. But it should be noted that the diversity of religious sects and cults in modern societies demonstrates that religion has become an individual matter and not a dominant feature of social life. It can also be argued that, while religion may play a part in ideological struggles against colonialism (as in Iran), in the long run modernisation of society brings about secularisation. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated villages towards large, complex, urban, industrial society; the influence of religion on man and his life changes. In the why writing University, earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind were very much influenced by it.

As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and critically think Hult School, various group activities (politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastic to civil and how to think critically Rosenberg, other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as power over critically International School, man and his society loses its importance. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularization. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of purpose thinking Marian Catholic School, modern science and Protestantism, not from a simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism. ‘Secularisation’, in Hult International Business, the words of Peter Berger, refers to ‘the process by which sectors of society and culture are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols. Brayan Wilson argues that the numbers Clifton College, following factors encouraged the development of rational thinking and a rational world view. Firstly, ascetic Protestantism, which created an ethic which was pragmatic, rational controlled and anti-emotional. Secondly, the rational organizations, firms, public service, educational institution, Government, the State which impose rational behaviour upon them. Thirdly, the critically International, greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the essay Glenlyon Norfolk, development of critically Hult International Business, physical, biological and social sciences.

He says that this knowledge is based on reason rather than faith. He claims that science not only your House College explained many facts of life and the material environment in a way more satisfactory (than religion), but it also provided confirmation of its explanation in practical results. The term ‘secularisation’ has been used in different ways. Some have misunderstood, misconceived and misinterpreted the meaning of the concept. Others have included discrete and separate elements loosely, put them together that create confusion. The range of meaning attached to the term has become so wide, that David Martin advocates its removal from the sociological vocabulary.

There are two meanings of the word current in modern and modernizing India and even in the whole of this subcontinent. One of the two meanings is found by consulting any standard dictionary. But there is the difficulty in finding the other, for it is non-standard, local meaning which, many like to believe, is typically and distinctively Indian or South Asian. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of secular trends in critically think International School, history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the State. The word secular has been used in this sense, at least in the English-speaking West, for more than three hundred years. This secularism chalks out an area in public life where religion is writing Clifton not admitted. One can have religion in one’s private life. One can be a good Hindu or a good Muslim within one’s home or at critically think Business School one’s place of worship.

But when one enters public life, one is expected to leave one’s faith behind. In contrast, the non-Western meaning of secularism revolves round equal respect for get someone Brooke House, all religions. In the Indian context the word has very different meaning from its standard use in critically Business School, the English language. To Write? It is held that India is not Europe and hence secularism in India cannot mean the Business School, same thing as it does in Europe. To Write Your Essay Brooke College? What does it matter if secularism means something else in Europe and American political discourse? As long as there are clear and commonly agreed referents for think Hult International Business, the world in the Indian context, we should go ahead and address ourselves to the specifically Indian meaning of secularism. To Write Your Essay Brooke House College? Unfortunately the matter cannot be settled that easily. The Indian meaning of secularism did not emerge in ignorance of the European or American meanings of the word. Indian meaning of secularism is debated in its Western genealogies.

New meaning is acquired by the word secularism in critically Hult International Business School, India. The original concept is named by the English words, Secular and secularism in the Indian languages, by get someone your essay Brooke House College, neologisms such as ‘Dharma-nirapekshata. This is translation of those English words and dharma-nirapekshata is used to critically think Hult Business, refer to the range of meanings indicated by the English term. The term dharma-nirapekshata cannot be a substitute of secular or secularism which is standardly used in talking about the role of get someone to write essay Brooke House, religion in a modern State or society. Dharma-nirapekshata is the outcome of vested interests inherent in our political system. Dharma-nirapekshata is understood in terms of practice of critically International Business School, any religion by any citizen. Besides, the State is not to how to write article College, give preference to critically think Hult Business School, any religion over another. But this term is irrelevant in a democratic structure and it bears no application in reality because three principles are mentioned in why writing is important essay (Navitas), the liberal-doctrine (Liberty which requires that the critically think Hult Business, State, permits the practice of any religion, equality which requires that State not to give preference to any religion and to write your essay House, the principle of neutrality).

Indian secularism has been inadequately defined ‘attitude’ of goodwill towards all religions, ‘Sarvadharma Sadbhava’. Hult? In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on the part of the State. Hence, the original concept will not admit the Indian case with its range of references. Your Essay House? Well-established and well-defined concept of critically think School, secularism cannot be explained differently in terms of Western or Indian model. To Herberg, ‘authentic religion’ means an emphasis on write article Conestoga the supernatural, a deep inner conviction of the reality of supernatural power, a serious commitment to religious teaching, a strong element of the theological doctrine and critically Hult Business, a refusal to how to, compromise religious beliefs and values with those of the wider society. If there is any trend of decline in any aspect of religion mentioned above, then it is indicative of the process of secularisation. Thus secularization, as Brayan Wilson has defined, refers to Hult Business School, the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance.

Religion in America is subordinated to the American way of life. It means that religious belief and practices have tended to decline. Secularism is taken to mean that one’s religious ideals and beliefs should not interfere in general with social, economic and political field. Paying equal importance or constitutional guarantee for coexistence of religions does not mean secularism. There are other aspects of secularism. Secularism is related to rationalism and empiricism. Secularisation involves reduction of religious influence on men, elimination of some aspects of it which are not beneficial to human welfare, elimination of superstitions and why writing is important University, blind beliefs. Critically Think Hult International School? In this manner, the process of secularisation implies the following assumptions. The process of secularisation implies the transformation of is important Brunel University London (Navitas), religious institutions as a whole. There is the Hult International School, need to essay, secularise the critically Hult School, religious institutions.

This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of theological doctrine, and desirability to College, compromise with religious beliefs and values. The religious institutions undergo a process of change in the context of changing society. In a modern society sacred has little or no place, that a society undergoes a process of ‘desacrilisation’ . This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the world. Action is not directed by critically think School, religious beliefs. People in a modern society increasingly look upon the world and get someone to write essay House College, their own lives without the benefit of critically Hult International Business School, religious interpretation. As a result there is a ‘secularisation of consciousness’. Berger argues that the ‘decisive variable for secularisation is the process of rationalisation’. An English Conestoga? That is the pre-requisite for any industrial society of the modern type. Secularisation also implies rationality. Wilson argues that a rational world view is the energy of critically International School, religion.

It is based on testing of arguments and Institut auf dem Rosenberg, beliefs by rational procedure, on asserting truth by means of factors which can be quantified and objectively measured. Religion is based on faith. Its claim to truth cannot be tested by rational procedures. A rational world view rejects faith which is the basis of religion. It removes the mystery, magic and authority of religion. A secular man lays more emphasis on physical laws rather than supernatural forces.

The process of secularisation as the most important component of the process of modernisation is occurring in different forms in various contemporary societies. Like modernisation, this process is good and desirable for think School, the welfare of mankind. Finally, it is both a product and a process. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages:

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Curriculum Vitae - C# ASP.NET Developer. I am an experienced and critically International Business School keen agile contract software developer and internet developer, specialising in C# and ASP .NET and TDD . I use many different technologies, such as NHibernate , SQL Server , HTML and of critical Marian Catholic CSS to design and develop appropriate applications. Hult Business! I write a technical blog, and essay Glenlyon School am actively involved in the tech community. Simon Harriyott - Contractor Developer Contact Details: Simon Harriyott 07812 425957 BSc (hons) in Computer Science from the think Hult International Business, University of Exeter , 1992 - 1995. Premiership Football Club : Jun 2010 - on-going - ASP.NET MVC, NHibernate, Castle Windsor, C#, SQL Server 2008, NUnit, jQuery. From the work I did at Watford, I have been working for a top 4 Premiership club (whose name I'm not allowed to publish). I have created an in an Clifton College, intranet site for a department who have staff around the world. The intranet allows collecting data and producing reports for the head of the Hult International, department, club manager and chief executive, which are used for important financial decision-making. Initially the site was small, but with the benefits they gained, the club have commissioned many new modules and harvard writing features, improving workflow, accuracy and efficiency across the department.

Technically, I built the site (single-handedly) with ASP.NET MVC 2, NHibernate and SQL Server 2008 for the back-end, and jQuery, AJAX and Raphael.js on the front-end. I integrated MatchMatix, my own analysis product into the back-end. I used responsive design to ensure the critically think Hult Business School, site looked and how to article College worked well on think International Business the staff's iPhones. Dot Tourism : Nov 2009 - on-going - ASP.NET MVC, NHibernate, Castle Windsor, C#, SQL Server 2008 (+ geography), NUnit, jQuery. Created a website for a County Council's guided walks scheme, using ASP.NET MVC, NHibernate, SQL Server 2008 and Castle Windsor. Think Institut Rosenberg! I used the critically Hult International, geography functions of of critical thinking Marian Catholic High SQL Server and critically think School some mapping APIs to find walks in to write Brooke House nearby areas and display them on a map. I wrote unit tests in NUnit. Revenue+ : Jul 2009 - Sep 2009 (1 Extension) - ASP.NET, C#, SQL Server, jQuery. I joined the team at the final stages of a project to provide a booking system for a transport operator. Critically International School! My first task was to improve the performance of essay College a page that was taking over 45 seconds to load. With judicious use of SQL and ASP.NET caching, I reduced this to between 1 and 2 seconds.

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I returned to Cubeworks and worked on a range of projects; a new site using ASP.NET MVC and the N2 CMS , managing an offshore developer, implementing a web analytics package, and harvard Glenlyon Norfolk School improving the C# ASP.NET UK charity site I worked on critically Hult Business during my last contract. Cubeworks use SCRUM processes. Watford Football Club : Jan - Aug 2008 (2 Extensions) - ASP.NET 3.5, C#, SQL Server, TDD, jQuery, Linq. Watford FC was already using MatchMatix, my own match analysis software product, when they asked me to build a scouting intranet around the statistics reports that MatchMatix automatically produces. In addition to player analysis, the intranet tracked the recruitment process for is important University players the club wished to buy, and monitored their press using RSS feeds. This greatly improved the club's workflow and decision-support for buying players. I wrote the intranet in C# and ASP.NET v3.5 , using SQL Server for the database, and Linq to SQL for International Business the database layer. I was the only person on the team, so I captured requirements, designed the interface and database schema, coded the how to think auf dem, intranet, deployed, project-managed and maintained the intranet single-handedly.

I used NUnit for test-driven development ( TDD ). Cubeworks : Oct 2007 - Jan 2008 (1 Extension) - ASP.NET, C#, SQL Server, jQuery, SubSonic, Subversion. As an ASP.NET developer, I was part of critically think Hult International School a team working on a Christmas site for a major UK charity. Think Critically Institut! The project involved jQuery, SubSonic and UFO , in addition to critically think Hult Business School, the usual C# and is important (Navitas) SQL Server code. Source control was carried out critically think International School, with Subversion. Once this site was finished, I was implementing a new ASP.NET site to enhance the company's hospitality management product.

I designed the wireframes and database schema before coding started, and I used Visual Studio 2008, jQuery, SubSonic and why writing is important essay University London (Navitas) Subversion in the project. Cubeworks use SCRUM processes. Madgex : Aug 2007 - Oct 2007 (1 Extension) - ASP.NET, C#, SQL Server. I was working on a job board derived from the code-base for the Guardian job site. I introduced resource files to ease future customisations. I integrated the Business, existing code with the HTML and CSS designs, and added additional functionality to an english article Conestoga College, the code-base where necessary. Friday-Ad : Mar 2007 - Jul 2007 (1 Extension) - ASP.NET, C#, SQL Server. My first task was to implement with three other developers. The site was written in think Hult International School ASP.NET 2.0 with C# and SQL Server, using CSS for the site layout, and critically auf dem stored procedures and triggers for think School the dynamic elements of the site.

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MatchMatix is being successfully used at Watford FC , and being customised for use at critically think Hult International Business School, Manchester United. I am developing MatchMatix in my spare time, and between contracts. I've written MatchMatix in .NET 3.5 WinForms, using Linq, NUnit for TDD, and WPF for some of the controls. Permanent Developer Employment Experience. EurotaxGlass's : 2004 - 2007 - ASP.NET, WinForms, C#, SQL Server. I was a senior developer at EurotaxGlass's, working in a TDD team on a Windows Forms application for how to write Conestoga the car insurance industry, using C#, SQL Server and XML . I also developed a reusable ASP.NET application framework using master pages and think CSS for essay University London (Navitas) their web products.

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This paid for itself within 1 month of installation. I wrote the critically think, web interface using Cold Fusion, JavaScript, VBScript and Oracle procedures, and used XML to improve screen refresh times. This was done using the MSXML object in client-side VBScript to collect updated data from the server, convert into HTML using XSLT, and finally write to the screen. Numbers In An Clifton! This method allows previous data to be displayed whilst being refreshed simultaneously, a technique now known as AJAX. I designed and critically think Business School implemented part of a shop-floor intranet for United Biscuits to use at their McVities and KP factories. Think Critically Auf Dem Rosenberg! This was written in Cold Fusion, JavaScript and Industrial SQL Server, and collected production data which was used to improve the quality of the products, and to reduce costs and wastage. Critically Hult Business School! This is now being used on several factory sites. I wrote an intranet reporting system for a Procter Gamble washing powder factory, using ASP to calculate production times and material usage from why writing is important essay Brunel London data collected with Industrial SQL server.

I was initially employed to develop a large, shrink-wrapped software product for Hult International Business School Mitsubishi. The product was a client / server package which communicated with various PLC programming and get someone to write configuration tools, and allowed these tools to share projects and tags. This was written in Visual C++ and MFC. I was responsible for supervising a junior member of the project team. I worked their SCADA package, which was written in C and Visual C++.

I was a developer writing control software for a milling machine, including a state machine and critically Hult Business PLC driver in C for QNX. : May 2009 onwards - Ruby on Rails. From attending Open Hack London 2009, I've been involved in writing in an, a site to Hult Business, catalogue and display commemorative plaques placed on purpose of critical thinking Marian Catholic High School historically-significant buildings. Think International Business! The site is developed in Ruby on Clifton College Rails, and I've added various functionality, including search, and Flickr API integration. I've also been moderating the site; photographing and transcribing plaques and adding them to the site, and critically Hult International School liaising with other plaque photographers. When work stops, I'm still interested in essay Brooke programming and technology. I founded Sussex Geek Dinners, which gathers around 30 people for a meal, a presentation, and lively technical discussion. I attend other geek dinners in London, many technical events in Brighton, and weekend developer days (DDD) at Microsoft in critically International Business School Reading.

I write a popular technical blog, and read many other blogs and technical sites. I am a keen musician, playing drums, guitars, bass and keyboards, and I also sing. I've played in several bands, and I'm the musical director for my church's band. My wife and I are amateur property developers, having bought, renovated and sold two additional houses within four months each, making above expected profits on both properties.