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Error Handling in how to write Adelphi University VBScript - Part I. Over the last few months I have been sponsoring the development of a new Best Practice for the use of scripting for essays, the automation of system administration. However in doing this I came across a gap in the existing Microsoft documentation and in how to write essay Adelphi many of the VBscripting books available(1) . None seem to give a clear and coherent explanation of how error processing works in VBscript. Write For Scholarships Centennial? I think that I’m still a competent VBscript programmer, yet as I dug deeper I found some features that surprised me and that most of our script coders knew even less about this than I did! However, if you think that you already understand how error handling works in VBscript, then try your knowledge on the following example. Informative? Look at thinking importance NABA, Nuova Accademia Milano the code and write down the error codes that it outputs up to the point where it fails, then compare your list to write essay Adelphi University, the answers at the end of essays for scholarships this paper(5). I might warn you that I have yet to find anyone who gets it 100% right on the first attempt. Write Informative Essay? So this paper is really essential reading for anyone who uses VBscript for the automation of server or client administration, ASPs or any other purpose. It provides documentation and guidance on how to code to writing personal essays for college St. George’s, avoid the pitfalls whilst utilizing the write informative University strengths of how to write short The University VBscript error handling. It is how to write informative essay Adelphi University, divided into 3 sections:
Throwing and Catching Errors. Writing St. George’s School? This section discusses how the VBscripting engine handles errors when one occurs in a script. It draws heavily on write essay Eric Lippert’s excellent blog series and specifically on of Southampton a set of three blogs on the 19 th , 20 th and 23 rd Aug 2004. I have expanded these and added various clarifications within my own overall structure(2). Interpreting the how to write Error Code and Description.
Once the scripting engine detects an error, it records the details in the Err object. This section describes how this encoding of the error works and how you can usefully interpret this information. Strategy for Handling Errors. Essay Help College? This may seem trivial, but unless you are writing a script solely for your own convenience and use, you really need do a strategy for handling errors. In the worlds of enterprise system administration and write informative ASP, the person who is running the script is how to short articles of Brighton, not the write informative Adelphi University same as its author. So it isn’t you, the persuasive essay Trinity College script author, who has to deal with errors when they occur; it’s the poor user. You therefore have a responsibility to the user to address the question “what should the script do if an error occurs?” I want to very carefully describe what the error handling semantics are in the language, because there is some confusion over how to University how exactly it works. There are two statements that affect error handling in VBScript. The meaning of the first seems clear -- if you get an error, ignore it and introduction University of Southampton resume execution on the next statement.
But as we'll see, there are some subtleties. But before that, what the heck is up with the second statement? The second statement turns off 'resume next' mode if it is on. How To Write Essay Adelphi University? Yes, the syntax is ridiculous -- something like On Error Raise would be a whole lot more clear. To Argumentative Of Southampton? But for historical purposes, this is what we're stuck with. Visual Basic has an informative essay University, error handling mode which VBScript does not -- VB can branch to a labelled or numbered statement. How To Articles The University? (Remember line numbers?
Those were the days!) To tell VB that you no longer wish to branch to that statement, you give zero, an invalid line number. C'est super beaucoup de fromage, n'est-ce pas? But we're stuck with it now. The subtlety in the resume next mode is best illustrated with an example(3) . This prints out. Hold on a minute -- when the informative essay error happened, Blah1 had already turned 'resume next' mode on. The next statement after the critical thinking importance NABA, Arti error raise is Wscript.Echo Blah2 End but that statement never got executed.
What's going on? What's going on is that the error mode is effect a hidden boolean flag that is local to how to write, the procedure, not a global variable. In English St. Clair? Like all variables in VBscript it has a default value, and this is “Raise”. So if you want to handle errors then you need to include an On Error Resume Next in each procedure where you want to how to write essay Adelphi University, use If Err.Number because the default is that the error will be raised to the calling procedure. To Argumentative Of Southampton? Note that this functionality is not explicitly documented in the Microsoft documentation. (If it were on a global basis, all kinds of bad things could happen -- think about how you'd have to design a program to have consistent error handling in a world where that setting is global, and informative you'll see why it's per-procedure.) In this case, Blah2 gets an error.
Blah2 is not in for scholarships College 'resume next' mode, so it aborts itself, records that there was an error situation, and returns to its caller. Write University? The caller sees the error, but the caller is in critical thinking importance di Belle Arti 'resume next' mode, so it resumes. In short, the propagation model for errors in how to write essay Adelphi VBScript is basically the same as traditional structured exception handling -- the essay St. Clair exception is thrown up the stack until someone catches it, or the program terminates. How To Essay? However, the error information that can be thrown, and the semantics of the writings catcher are quite a bit weaker than, say, JScript's structured exception handling. Also, remember that the 'next' in 'resume next' mode is the next statement . Consider these three programs, for example. Do they have the essay Adelphi University same semantics? No!
If Foo.Bar raises an error, then the write for scholarships Centennial College first one passes Empty to Blah. The second one never calls Blah at all if an error is raised, because it resumes to the next statement . Write Informative? The third is the same semantically as the first: next statement means just that and not next line. Statements are separated by either a line break or a : delimiter. You can get into Trinity College similar trouble with other constructs. For example, these two do have the same semantics: If Blah raises an error then it resumes on the Wscript.Echo Hello in either case . Write Informative? You can also get into trouble with loops: If Blah raises an error, this resumes into the loop, not after the loop. This prints out.
The next thing I want to writings St. Clair College, discuss is how you can programmatically interrogate errors after they have occurred. When an how to informative Adelphi, error occurs the scripting engine maintains some context information relating to the error, and writing it uses the informative Adelphi University Err object to expose this information, though for various historic reasons some of the properties that would be very helpful such as the procedure name and line number are not made available through Err . I will discuss how the introduction to argumentative University of Southampton Err object can be interpreted later, but now I focus on some scoping issues. Unlike the error mode flag, the Err object is global and unique. Whenever the scripting engine processes an essay, error it aborts interpreting the current statement at importance NABA, Nuova Arti Milano the point of the error and set the Err status overwriting any previous content. To demonstrate this: In the main routine the script errors at the zero divide, and how to write informative essay University then resumes and errors at the invalid subscript reference. Write For Scholarships Centennial? ‘Resume next’ is still in force so Blah is called. In Blah, the error mode now defaults to how to write Adelphi, ‘raise’ so this time the zero divide throws an exception which is then picked up in the main routine because in it ‘resume next’ mode applies. For College School? Hence the print out is: Got that? This underlines a general technique that allows you to implement ‘try catch’ style semantics in VBscript allowing you to construct a code block where you can abort at the first error but then resume after the block. You do this by moving the code block into how to essay a subroutine. If you then precede the call to essay writings, the code block by an On Error Resume Next, you will always return to write essay University, the statement following the call to allow you to process the first error thrown. I will also emphasise what may seem an obvious point because I have also seen this one missed in some scripts that I have looked at: you must ensure that the statement path before the error within the essay same procedure includes an On Error Resume Next before you can meaningfully refer to Err or its properties in your script.
The reason for write essay University, this is simple: if you don’t, you will only get to persuasive essay School, your if Err code if you haven’t had one, and this makes the code a bit pointless. Now to the next startling feature of VBscript error handling : Both On Error statements clear the recorded error information buffer(4). Not only is this feature undocumented by Microsoft (except, as far as I can see, as a passing reference in Eric Lippert’s blog), but most Computer Science buffs would regard this as a bad practice what we have here is that two statements which nominally toggle a local frame error mode flag, also clear the global Err object as a side effect! Hence the following two function calls are not the same: Though you might assume that errors are latched, as you can see from the output adding the On Error Goto 0 to how to write essay University, the second function call results in you loosing the first error: This also means that if you have a error handler that catches a specific error, say, and you want to throw an exception up the call stack you have to go through some convolved high-jinks to save and restore the contents Err as the following code fragment demonstrates. Writing Essays For College St. George’s? This is an example where a ‘permission denied’ error may be a valid response (because some other process has the log file open) and you have a rule for processing this particular error (wait a bit and try again). Note the use of a variant to collect the properties of Err . Just doing a Set lastErr = Err wont work because Err is an object, and all the Set does is to Adelphi University, point lastErr to Err ; it isn’t a copy.
After a On Error GoTo 0 then lastErr.Number would be zero because lastErr still points to Err which has now been cleared. (1) Clearly I can’t know about all available books, but I have checked the ones available online at Books24x7 and none cover off this subject fully. Critical Importance Nuova Di Belle? Ditto the output of the Microsoft Scripting Guys, though I see that their December 2005 Doctor Scripto's Script Shop covers some of this. How To Write? (2) However as he has done such a good job in laying out the ground work, I have wherever practical left his text intact and used a mauve colour to denote his extracts credit where credit is due. (3) A little health warning here this and write The University all the how to informative essay other examples in this note are each designed to demonstrate a specific feature; so brevity and simplicity win over good programming practice here. In production code, I would always adopt a more robust stance such and always use Option Explicit and follow my own rules laid out in the final section. (4) In fact I have only help School, found one book that documents this fact, but it also incorrectly claims that Exit Sub and Exit Function clear the Record Information Buffer. (5) It doesn’t fall over. It runs to completion, so (a) = 11, (b) = 9 (c) = 11, (d) = 9, (e) = 9, missing, (g) = 9, (h) = 9, (i) = 11, (j) = 9 and the overall status = 0 which should means that we had no errors. Oops ?
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By now there were at least a hundred people milling around, laughing and pointing, shrieking and how to Adelphi University clowning, quite a number of how to The University, them dancing. Even the cops were getting into it. An ambulance and a firetruck arrived along with another squad car. Adelphi? The firemen got busy digging through the rubble while the ambulance crew stood around and shot the shit with the locals. It turned out it wasn’t even the second or third building collapse of the day, but the seventh. St. Clair? One in how to Inwood, two in Chinatown, three in Harlem. This not counting the fires. Even as they spoke, said somebody, two separate tenements along Avenue C were burning, one of them for the third time–what could be left of it? And how about those Mets, somebody else said. Everybody laughed, then the conversation petered out. What could anybody say?
For all anybody knew, their building might be next. You didn t really want to in english College, go around to the back and see the fault lines in the brick face, or go down to the cellar and see the sag. You really really didn t want to speculate about what your landlord might have in store or what his tax situation was like. Time passed. It seemed like the whole neighborhood had showed up. People in pajamas rubbed elbows with people in disco outfits. Informative Essay Adelphi University? A guy appeared with a shaved-ice setup in a shopping cart and immediately began doing a brisk business. By now the cops had gotten to the car and writings in english St. Clair were deploying mammoth pliers on the roof, trying to wrench it open. How To Write Adelphi University? It was something to see, like mice trying to open a can of write essays for scholarships Centennial College, sardines, but it was taking too long.
The crowd started losing patience. Write Informative Essay University? “Hey papi, you want a hand?” yelled a woman who looked like a ten-year-old until you saw her face up close, and some guy in the back shouted a rejoinder in Spanish that cracked up the whole crowd. Pretty soon everybody was calling out lines at the cops the way they shouted at essay help College School the screen when a movie started to drag. The cops fastidiously ignored the how to informative essay Adelphi University backchat, just as they ignored the characters standing right next to them smoking cheeba. Everybody who was anybody was in the crowd. The man with the crutch was all over to argumentative essay University of Southampton, the street. Essay? It was never clear whether he actually needed it or just used it as a stage prop. He was often, as now, seen walking normally while gesticulating with the crutch, shouting all the introduction to argumentative while. Over there, bending the informative essay University ear of a young cop who was attempting to in english St. Clair College, pry himself away without leaving his post, was the little man who showed up at all public functions, waving a greasy, much folded piece of paper that may once have been an write informative essay Adelphi University official document. His cause, an ancient and esoteric grievance, was instantly forgotten by anyone who listened to two minutes of it, although it seemed to keep him alive.
The dirty shirtless man with the nine misshapen and mange-ridden dogs was there–from the critical thinking Nuova Accademia Arti look of them you assumed a carnival of incest–and so was the write informative essay University marooned Swiss woman with the stainless-steel hip who regularly woke up everybody on the block calling all night for her cat, Gaston. Essays Centennial? Lolling here and there were various of those locality drunks–usually somebody’s brother–who got themselves adopted by the tenancy of a half-block, so that little girls bought them jelly cakes at the bodega and their mothers thrust sweaters upon them in October and baseball hats in June. An hour limped by while the cops kept working. Write Essay Adelphi University? Soon after the crowd hit its maximum the excitement level started dropping fast. People went back to bed or dominoes or television, probably, but it almost looked as if they had just evaporated, like spilled beer on a car hood in the sun. One minute there were fifty people standing right in front of you, and then you blinked and they were gone. You could hear the music fading away down the essay help College avenue. Soon enough there were just three skels left alone on the avenue with their quart of how to write informative essay Adelphi University, Don Diego rum, and critical di Belle Arti Milano everybody else was spared the sight of the crushed body as the cops hauled it out on the gurney.
The ambulance’s doors finally slammed, and how to informative essay Adelphi University it took off at full throttle with lights spinning and sirens blasting, followed by squad cars doing likewise. You might wonder how dead a body had to essay help, be for them to essay Adelphi, slink off in silence, but most likely they were just having a little fun. Inventory of the effects of Nils F., deckhand, found dead of undetermined causes in doorway on Ruelle des Pretres, Toulon, 19 February 1933. One canvas duffel bag. Two cotton jerseys, off-white; four pairs woolen underdrawers, off-white; three pairs woolen socks, blue; one pair serge trousers, gray; one pair waxed canvas trousers, blue; one cotton shirt, white; one necktie, maroon; one woolen turtleneck sweater, blue; one serge suit coat, brown; one waxed canvas jacket, gray; three cotton handkerchiefs, white; one pair espadrilles, blue; one flat tweed cap, gray. One safety razor; one opened package Wilkinson Sword razor blades; one shaving brush; one cake tallow soap wrapped in butcher paper. One-half link hard salami, wrapped in butcher paper. One bone-handled knife; one tin spoon; one tin cup, blue. One packet letters, in foreign language, tied with string; one exercise book, covered in blue paper, three pages filled with writing in foreign language; one pencil. Brown envelope containing three photographs: woman, man and how to articles woman, child.
One book, apparently devotional, in foreign language, covered in black imitation leather; one copy, Danseuses et Baigneuses , published in Antwerp, 15 August 1928, water-stained. This was the view out how to write Adelphi my back window in New York City for more than ten years. Introduction To Argumentative Of Southampton? That time (1979-1990) was the how to write informative Adelphi heyday of Wild Style, when graffiti truly became an artform, as is documented most vividly in Henry Chalfant’s photographs. These tags, though, are primal. You can imagine them–in chalk–festooning an alley a century ago, or even earlier. Gang tags probably go back to antiquity. Today, owing to introduction to argumentative University, a couple of decades of outsized police response to graffiti, much urban tagging, accomplished under great pressure, is even cruder than this primal sort. Wild Style graffiti is a late, studied, self-conscious phenomenon, a sterling example of postmodernism in action. This sort of how to write informative, zero-degree tagging, by persuasive essay help Trinity School contrast, seldom if ever even gestures in the direction of art (although photographs by how to write informative Helen Levitt, Cartier-Bresson, and John Guttmann show examples of for college, it that qualify as poetry).
Both are unauthorized sets of marks made by urban youth, generally, on write informative essay Adelphi University surfaces that do not belong to them. Graffiti of both sorts aims to write essays, broadcast and how to write essay University publicize the critical thinking importance NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle Milano existence and identity of the tagger. You might say that graffiti is, at base, a form of advertising. In the places where graffiti is found there is frequently also advertising of the authorized sort. Space rented from the owner of the informative University surface in Trinity College School question is given over to printed tags that publicize goods and services for sale. You might say that the how to write essay Adelphi University one form of advertising is intransitive–no action is required on write for scholarships College the part of the beholder other than perhaps to steer clear if one is of a rival crew–while the how to write informative other is transitive: it intends to prompt expenditure. So the form of graffiti that inveigles the passerby into personal essays for college, surrendering cash is how to write viewed as legitimate by thinking NABA, Accademia di Belle Arti society, while the kind that is strictly gratuitous, or nearly so, is how to informative essay University considered vandalism. Personal Essays? The financial aspect has further ramifications, of course: the first sort pays rent while the second squats.
But squatters never displace other tenants; they merely occupy otherwise vacant spaces. Likewise, graffiti roosts on unemployed surfaces. And as ugly as it sometimes is, it’s indisputably human, which cannot be said about the post-industrial walls and sidings it occupies. Yes, this is an informative essay University argument I’ve been carrying in my pocket for thirty years. The passage of time may have made it less pressing, but hardly obsolete, I think. Reminiscing about my early days in the used-paper trade, I find that I can become tender if not actually moist-eyed at the thought of the publications that were both produced and purchased by the raincoat brigade. To Argumentative Essay? You young people today, saturated in how to informative University smut, are so jaded and jaundiced and all that you may not immediately appreciate the pathos of the essay College many approaches to porn in the time before the Adelphi University soi-disant sexual revolution. Consider the many shadings of the word “art,” especially as applied to privately printed portfolios and editions of “exquisite” and “piquant” and sometimes “frank” character, intended exclusively for an audience of “discerning connoisseurs.” Think of slim paperback novels, published in NABA, Accademia di Belle Arti Hollywood in awkwardly boxy typefaces and dirt-colored wrappers, armed with introductions by persons able to append a Ph.D. to their names. Imagine a bookstore of the bygone sort, as discreet as a boudoir, with a curtained doorway in the rear leading to locked glass-fronted bookcases housing a category known as “curiosa.” These musings were occasioned by the rediscovery on my shelves of Sadism in the Movies , by one George [sic] de Coulteray, published in 1965, in University a translation worthy of Babelfish, by the important-sounding Medical Press of New York City. “The book that shocked a nation,” screams the dust jacket, an unlikely encomium coming from a starchy scientific publishing house.
To read the book I find that I have to reverse-translate in my head, since many sentences make no sense whatever in English but are convincing in the presumed original as St.-Germain des Pres table talk: “But one must admit that since the end of the 19th century one is in the presence of a rise so brutal that in our times the spanking has become the privileged form of critical importance Nuova Accademia di Belle, what may be called minor sadism, a harmonious mixture of pain, slight in how to informative University itself, and a ceremony which by making ridiculous, emphasizes its humiliating character, followed by the double arousal, active and passive.” But nobody ever read it, anyway. Write Short Articles The University? They bought the book for the pictures, half of which derive from the original and look as though they were photocopied with a machine of the era–they’re so murky you can barely make them out. All the University pictures are stills, all are unidentified, some show garden-variety brawls and others get into skulls-and-chains territory. Nearly all are so smudgy and hasty and low-rent they seem much smuttier than the movies themselves (or even a decent print of any given still) ever could. The one shown above is in its own right a terrific example of the power of film stills–you just can’t imagine that the rest of the movie, whatever it is, could possibly measure up to the sheer sordidness of the image. But to go back to to argumentative University of Southampton, the French, the adjacent book on the shelf is Lo Duca’s L’Erotisme au Cinema (J.-J.
Pauvert, 1957) which is both serious and how to write Adelphi University sumptuous in persuasive help School exactly the ways its neighbor isn’t. Just flipping through it is guaranteed to inspire indulgent fondness for the French at their most nominally insufferable. Take this chart, for how to write essay University example, which is worthy of Edward Tufte’s books: The movies are (1) The Blue Angel , (2) Ecstasy , (3) Tabu , (4) The Lady from Shanghai , (5) Notorious , (6) Bitter Rice , (7) Manon , (8) Los Olvidados , (9) Miss Julie , and (10) One Summer of Happiness . No, I’d never heard of that last one, either. Don’t you wish you could nonchalantly illustrate your humid reveries with charts so rigorously white-smocked? I certainly do. That is the apt title of the Columbia University fight song. It’s odd that I remember it, because I can’t have heard it more than once or twice–my time there was the absolute nadir of school-spiritism, fraternities, attendance at essay in english St. Clair sporting events.
The old traditions were dying like bugs in a jar, and I did my best to help see them off. Still, the song’s sentiment was implicit in the university’s conduct, an arrogance barely dented by how to informative University the events of a few years earlier–forty years ago this month. Columbia University in the spring of 1968 was preparing to construct a gymnasium in personal St. George’s School Morningside Park, a park outside the school’s property line and used mostly by the residents of write informative essay, Harlem. Very generously (in its own view) the university would allow Harlemites–who in those days were nearly one hundred percent African American–use of the introduction essay gym, as long as they entered through the back door. To make a complicated story very simple, Rap Brown informed the citizens of Harlem of Columbia’s plan and Students for how to essay a Democratic Society informed the students, and very soon the campus was enjoying an occupation and a strike. The gym, and the Jim-Crow and land-grab matters it entailed, remained at the center of the outrage, although Vietnam, corporate investment, institutional racism and critical Accademia Arti Milano elitism, the purpose and design of education, unthinking assent to social injustice, and dormitory visiting rules also entered the equation. Few people realize that Columbia’s Spring ’68 bacchanal preceded the one in Paris by several weeks. A bacchanal it remained only briefly, though. The administration refused to negotiate with the striking students, the police came in with helmets and clubs and badge numbers blacked out, and they were abetted both by write Adelphi University right-wing students and by the faculty, whose studied neutrality led them to block food deliveries to the strikers–their high-minded cowardice illustrates better than anything why “liberal” remained a vitriolic insult on the left for many years.
Quite a lot of blood was shed. The police broke heads of people who were only standing up for principles. Nothing like it had been seen, at least not subsequent to the 1930s or north of Mississippi. If you want to read more, please see Hilton Obenzinger’s extraordinary personal account, Busy Dying (Tucson: Chax, 2008). I entered Columbia in the fall of 1972. Of Brighton? The last real flare-up had occurred the previous May, when an antiwar demonstration led to a Days of Rage-style smashing of Fifth Avenue shop windows. I enthusiastically attended the semester’s first meeting of write informative essay Adelphi, SDS, only to have it turn out to be the meeting at which the local chapter dissolved itself.
After that came political fatigue. I first heard the term “political correctness” then, but what it meant was that some campus politico would confront you on the Walk and ask where you stood on, say, the writings Polisario Front, and you knew it was a trick question–were they the true Spearhead of the People, or merely running-dog roaders for the CIA? Political involvement meant endless factional disputes, paranoia, poison. Informative University? Lyndon LaRouche was prominent, as well as several competing varieties of Maoists. You can tell by looking at the eyes of the figure above what replaced political passion for the rest of us. Despite the prop robes, I never bothered graduating, although to be fair I had a number of great teachers and happily lost myself in the vastness of the College School library, as well as making seven or eight friends who are still my friends. Not having graduated (nine incompletes; hundreds of dollars in library fines) did not prevent me from returning to teach there, in the MFA program, a couple of decades later. The place was no friendlier then than when I had been a student, maybe even less, since the Reagan years had infused a renewed spirit of entitlement, and write essay Adelphi University the radical shift in the value of Manhattan real estate had considerably increased the institution’s wealth. Right now Columbia is engaged in a wholesale annexation of West Harlem, proving that some things never change, although today there is little organized resistance and personal for college School no publicity given to what there is.
Anyway, the university is now only one of a hundred entities that could adopt the fight song as its own. Photo by Matt Kennedy. The subject, a recent immigrant approximately nine years of age, was asked to depict his mother. It was specified that he should present her in a particular context of his choosing: a setting or activity. Write Adelphi? The resulting picture is of considerable interest. The woman is only marginably noticeable, and for scholarships then only because her coat presents the largest single expanse of white space in how to essay the composition. Introduction To Argumentative Essay University? Clearly, the subject entirely subordinates maternal affection to the far greater stimulus of commercial consumption.
For that matter, the nature of the consumer products themselves is of secondary interest; the subject is write essay University enthralled by packaging, and above all by names. Because the composition is so crowded and frenetic, it is worthwhile to break down its constituent parts. The woman is pushing a shopping cart overloaded with products down a supermarket aisle. It would seem to be aisle six: coffee, tea, juice, soda. The items heaped in the cart seem at least partly stereotypical: the writing personal essays School protruding head of celery in particular is a trope familiar from myriad cartoons and illustrations. Informative Essay Adelphi? It might likewise be doubted whether she purchases toothbrushes on a regular basis, and ditto for write Centennial “wax”–presumably floor wax.
Other items seem more likely to be true to his actual experience of grocery shopping: that the sack of potatoes has been placed in write Adelphi the cart’s bottom tray, for thinking NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle instance, or the how to write essay University exact replication of the persuasive School Fritos logo, or the prominence of the detergent Beads O’ Bleach. But even the groceries in the cart are overwhelmed by the serried ranks of products on the shelves, which are depicted in disproportionate scale. The boxes of Lipton tea bags are nearly the size of the essay Adelphi University cart itself. (The curious symbol on the boxes represents the subject’s attempt to come to terms with the concept of the tea bag. Coming from a coffee-drinking culture, he had only ever experienced tea bags as pictures on critical importance NABA, Accademia Arti boxes, and averred he thought they looked like “pants on a hanger.”) It is fascinating to observe the rigor with which the subject records brand names, even the ones that make no sense to him, resulting in solecisms: “Early’ Morn” for “Early Morn'” and “Chock O’ Full Nuts” for “Chock Full O’ Nuts.” A strong reaction to American consumer abundance is typical of recent immigrants. It can take various forms: hysterical blindness, catatonic undifferentiation, at least eighteen catalogued types of aphasia. Write University? The delirium on view here, in how to write conjunction with the subject’s powers of observation, leads us to predict that he will become a highly achieving adult, one who will subordinate all other drives and desires to the acquisition of brand-name goods. He will work three jobs, if necessary, to essay, purchase the latest model automobile, equipped with all the importance Accademia Arti Milano premium features–such a goal, in any event, will encouragingly overshadow romance or idealism. Write Adelphi? If the subject is introduction properly steered, he actually will work three jobs to achieve his goals. The danger remains that he may choose to rob service stations instead. The subject should therefore be closely and carefully tracked, but for now we do not recommend deportation.
After I wrecked the gull-wing Porsche I acquired an Aston Martin–James Bond model, of course–then a Lotus when my Jim Clark fixation got into full gear. I never could afford the how to essay Isotta-Fraschini I truly coveted, but for daily use I could choose among a dandy Rover (right-hand steering, which could get a little tricky), a venturesome little Karmann Ghia, and a Citroen DS diverted from the French government fleet. Then, abruptly, I deaccessioned all my European automobiles and poured every cent and every ounce of energy into write short The University of Brighton, hot rods. I had the bucket “T”, the chopped and channeled 1940 Plymouth, the fully blown 426 Barracuda. I had been content to let professionals maintain the factory specifications on my continental cars, but with these American babies I really worked. I spent all night cutting, sanding, drilling, welding, mounting, painting, waxing. My cars–and my planes, too, for that matter, but that’s another subject–were the write informative essay Adelphi University envy of the neighborhood. For Scholarships College? I traded one to informative essay Adelphi University, a neighbor for a nearly complete set of Hardy Boys books, and another for the collection of arrowheads some kid was left by his grandfather.
I still have those. Then, when I was 14, I went off to New York City, and rarely thought about Centennial, cars again. For a decade and a half I hardly so much as rode in how to informative an automobile. I didn’t get my license until I was 30, and essays for scholarships College was well over how to write University, 40 by the time I did any sort of essay help College School, regular driving. Now I drive all the how to informative essay time–I have no choice–but it’s been all Toyotas and Subarus, the sexless shelf models, reliable as canned sardines. I don’t have so much as a single battered Camaro on my resume.
I’m bitterly disappointed in my adult self. Yet at the same time I wouldn’t be at all unhappy if cars disappeared from the face of the for college School earth, as long as there were trains and trolleys to replace them. Cars were fun when there weren’t so many of them on the road (and, it must be said, when gas cost 50 cents a gallon or thereabouts). Nowadays I think my car is useful and how to write informative essay University unobtrusive, and consider that I’m a fine driver–it’s all those other cars that are the plague. But then I realize that every one of those other drivers is University of Southampton having the same thought. Aside from brandy and cigars, no product on the market is packaged quite as traditionally as cigarette papers. Nearly every item on your grocer’s shelf gets an image update every few years to make sure it passes the nowness scan the shopper’s eye performs as it scrolls down the aisle. The rolling-paper package, however, like its fellows, presumably appeals to aged gentlemen who consume those items at how to informative essay Adelphi their club while leafing through bound volumes of Punch , and remain faithful to the brands favored by their grandfathers; they care that their brand won the gold medal at Saragossa in 1908. Okay, but really–haven’t those old gentlemen already gone to the glue factory, and persuasive essay Trinity School aren’t rolling papers mostly consumed by stoners, backpackers, squatters, Deadheads? I guess we can assume that a polite fiction is at play, the manufacturers of cigarette papers pretending that their product isn’t really employed as accessory to what some people might consider a crime. Meanwhile, potheads can spend hours in happy contemplation of the complex patterns and inscrutable imagery on the packages.
I had never seen the Ottoman package until I spotted it recently at write informative a Turkish import store in Berlin; it became an instant favorite. More than any other design I can think of at essays Centennial College the moment, it succeeds in activating the wayback machine: looking simultaneously venerable and startlingly new, it manages to replicate permanently the effect that its modernism must have had a century ago, its modern-style curlicues blending in how to write with Victoriana to a degree, but in their asymmetry preparing the writings St. Clair College eye for the shouting Broadwayism of the logo. How To Write Essay University? More than any other brand, Ottoman has suffered no updating of any sort. Its boast of excellence, within, is for scholarships College printed in four languages: Arabic, French, Greek, and how to informative essay Adelphi what appears to be Amharic. The only change is that, although “Constantinople” is how to articles The University printed in Roman and Greek characters along the edge and how to write informative essay “Stamboul” appears in the inside flap, the papers are now made in Italy. Abadies, with their imperial arms and fly device, were so much the thinking importance NABA, Nuova Accademia Arti Milano most elegant of the essay University brands that I, for persuasive essay help Trinity one, manfully struggled with them for years even though their adhesiveness left something to be desired.
Like the famous Zouave on the Zig-Zag package, the trappings of the Abadie pack seem to how to Adelphi, hark back to in english St. Clair, the reign of Napoleon III. Today, as shown, the how to write informative Adelphi University import version is marred by a textual addition in a drastically ill-judged typeface and size. Most American vipers had no idea what that central word meant; as a result it became a kind of stoner invocation: “Riz, man…” Riz La Croix, on the other hand, just became “Rizlas” in America. If you tried to buy them in persuasive Trinity School France, though, you’d have to respect the quasi-rebus and informative University ask for “ree lah crwah.” The ravages of globalism are demonstrated in essay writings in english this pack, made for how to informative University sale in France: the gap between the “z” and the “l,” formerly distinct in the European version, has been closed up. The packaging has been updated in other ways, too. Those fine white lines, not unpleasant although they nearly obscure the writing personal St. George’s escutcheon, weren’t there before. On the back, the phrase “Rolling Since 1796” appears, in English, a nod to the international confraternity of hacky-sack players.
Finally, from the archives come the Spanish-made Blanco y Negros, a package from circa 1980 that may or may not have changed since, although I would suspect some more racially sensitive adaptation must have taken place. These fall into a different category, since they proclaim not long and immovable tradition but modernity, circa 1923. Informative Essay Adelphi University? They perhaps meant to essays, encourage subsistence farmers in Extremadura to imagine themselves reveling in how to write informative essay Adelphi University the sensual delights of Harlem skyscraper speakeasies every time they rolled up a gasper. They didn’t change for at least sixty years for the same reason that innocent but eager Euros perpetuated the misconceived idea of Dixieland jazz well within living memory, in thrall to a confusion of how to write articles, exotica and modernismo as firmly rooted in Adelphi University the European mythosphere as Karl May’s idea of the American West. To Argumentative Of Southampton? As with all these papers, whatever was being smoked in them, the packaging itself sold the consumer a viper’s dream of otherness and how to write informative Adelphi University elsewhere. In this picture you see me, fleeing from my home of seven years. It was in fact a farmhouse, although its grounds had long ceased being a farm.
It was a nice house, and beautifully situated. The view from the back–meadows tumbling toward a pond with a ridge behind, the valley angled to the right giving an impression of sumptuous depth–made visitors exclaim. An allee of ancient maples guarded the long driveway. The house had been built in 1904 as a folk-art approximation of the Second Empire style. The barn–rescued from collapse at no small cost–had been made in the nineteenth century from parts of even older structures. There was a peach tree, and how to articles the remains of an orchard, and a chicken coop, and a shed that was being slowly squeezed to death between two trees. Every spring the farm dump would cough up a few more things–glass pill bottles, pot lids, patterned china fragments–that weather had made to rise from their graves. I lived there, as I said, for seven years, and before that I lived in another rural setting for halves of five years.
But eventually I couldn’t go on. How To Essay Adelphi University? Other circumstances played their part, of course, but to some degree I was fleeing country living itself. I’ve always been a city-dweller. I was born in a city, fled the suburbs for the city as early in life as was feasible, lived in New York City for how to short articles The University of Brighton 28 years. I never had any intentions of living anywhere but a city, but I was lured to the country by essay Adelphi University promises of interior space–an effective draw after so many decades of constriction. Summers in the country were pleasant, and with the Trinity College School city to go back to when the weather turned rotten, the how to country was enticing. I was living in School a pretty wild area then, and how to write informative essay University could walk for hours in thinking importance Nuova di Belle a straight line and informative essay Adelphi not see anything manmade but stone walls and deer platforms. Or I could drive and critical importance Nuova Accademia Arti try to get myself lost, winding down roads that you could easily pretend had not been visited by the twentieth century. When circumstances dictated moving to the country full-time, however, that specific country had a suburban aspect–the previous location necessitated a full hour drive to get to how to write informative essay Adelphi University, a decent supermarket. In this version of thinking NABA, Accademia di Belle Arti Milano, country, everything was a memorial to how to write, its former identity–former farms, former haylofts, former roadhouses, former depots, all engaged in more self-conscious, college-graduate sorts of activities.
I could still have managed, if I had possessed much of essay in english St. Clair College, a feeling for nature. Write? Because nature hung around, magnificently sometimes: coyotes, bald eagles, owls, foxes, bears, the occasional unverifiable mountain lion. Short Of Brighton? And nature asserted itself as weather on a very regular basis. And that is where I failed, ultimately. Every winter was the write end of the world. Essays? It was the end of life, everything skeletal and drained of color.
Yes, I did know better. That’s why I say that I failed it, not the other way around. Informative Essay? Now I’m in a town, which is a sort of halfway house, a sort of airlock on the way back to introduction essay, urban life. How To Essay Adelphi University? I’ve got a tree–two trees, actually–but I’m steps away from neon, and things that are open 24 hours, and people having arguments on the street. I couldn’t live in Eden. I’m a citizen of the fallen world. What caused me to pick this item out of the trash heap was not its title–there are better editions of DeQuincey’s book out there (if none so pocket-sized)–but its publisher. Appeal to Reason was America’s leading Socialist weekly between its founding in how to short 1897 and its demise in 1922. Yes, its offices were in Kansas.
At its height it had a circulation of 760,000. Its contributors included Jack London, Mother Jones, Upton Sinclair, Joe Hill, Helen Keller, and write informative Adelphi Eugene Debs. Its editor commissioned Sinclair to write The Jungle . At the same time, its offices were regularly broken into and its editors subject to smear campaigns and arrests on trumped-up charges. Its founding editor committed suicide under the strain. Importance NABA, Nuova Di Belle? His son, who inherited the paper, diluted its radical spirit considerably–he caved in to the government and endorsed the nation’s entry into World War I, for example. How To Write Essay Adelphi? The Red Scare eventually put the paper out of its misery. One of the Appeal to persuasive essay help Trinity College, Reason ‘s most striking sidelines was its People’s Pocket Series, a series of 3 1/2? x 5? paperbacks that sold for 25 cents apiece–five for essay a dollar. Importance Di Belle Arti? The back and inside covers of this one list 131 different titles (you can tell it dates from near the end, since the list includes both Adult Education in Russia by Mme. Lenine [sic] and War Speeches and write essay University Messages of Woodrow Wilson ). The series included books on evolution and birth control, on hypnotism and home nursing; Marx, Shakespeare, Oscar Wilde, Balzac, Thomas Paine, Boccaccio, Tolstoy, Whitman, Lincoln, Kropotkin, Zola. Help Trinity? It was large-spirited enough to contain titles by both Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan, both Robert Ingersoll and Pope Leo XIII. A banker brought in as an how to write informative University investor during the paper’s last years continued the series after its demise, as Haldeman-Julius’s Little Blue Books.
These were massively influential, to judge by how often they are invoked in the early chapters of at how to short least two generations of how to informative essay, autobiographies. We all know what happened to Socialism, unfortunately. What I’d like to know is: What happened to continuing self-education? These books were read by to argumentative essay teamsters and essay machinists and write for scholarships Centennial College stevedores and informative essay University farmhands and miners. They read them not because they thought the books could help them get a better job but because they were curious. How To Write Short? They were hungry–they wanted to how to write essay University, consume the writing personal essays world. This isn’t to say that every hod-carrier in Michigan in 1910 was reading them, but enough were to make the series continually expand. And none of how to write informative essay Adelphi University, it was fluff, or merely mercenary, or simple-minded propaganda. Writings College? How many people–with considerably longer formal educations and a larger fund of leisure time–read anything like that sort of thing today, for fun? How many people assume without thinking about how to informative essay University, it that reading is and has always been a pursuit strictly for the privileged?
Would it be too much to consider a connection between the rightward shift in politics and St. Clair College the decline of self-motivated learning?
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A FREE Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a retail business? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample online retail store business plan template feasibility report to help you get started. Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a retail store. Informative Essay University? We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample retail store marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for retail stores. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. There are times when one might not be disposed to persuasive Trinity School buy stuff in bulk. This might be due to financial constraint or other contingencies. This is one of the reasons why retail outlets are scattered all over the world. They know the importance of reaching all and sundry, and that is why they want to provide services that can reach all classes of people.
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In recent time, the retail landscape has seen tremendous changes in the last 20 years; it has grown from the usual mom and writing personal essays for college, pop outlets to a more organized and far reaching venture. The introduction of how to, franchise and online store makes it easier for a retailer to reach out to introduction essay University of Southampton a larger market far beyond the areas where his physical store is located. How To Write Informative University? It is interesting to note that more retail shops; especially lager retail outlets have started to include self-serve checkout lanes in their stores. It creates shorter lines that appeal to consumers; the average customer would not want to stay longer on critical importance Nuova di Belle Arti Milano queue. Over and write informative essay Adelphi, above, the retail industry is a profitable industry and it is open to help Trinity College School any aspiring entrepreneur to come in and establish his or her business; you can chose to start on a small scale in a street corner like the average mom and pop business or you can chose to start on a large scale with several outlets in how to write essay University key cities. Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template Executive Summary. People’s Choice Retail Shop is a retail shop that will be located in one of the busiest streets in Columbus, Ohio. We have been able to lease a facility that is big enough to fit into the design of the retail shop that we intend launching and the facility is essay in english St. Clair located in a corner piece directly opposite write informative essay Adelphi, the largest residential estate in Columbus, Ohio.
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People’s Choice Retail Shop is write informative essay a family business that is owned by Bob Wesley and Family. Although the business is launching out writing essays St. George’s School with just one outlet in Columbus, Ohio, but there is a plan to open other outlets all around Ohio. People’s Choice Retail Shop is in the retailing industry and how to informative essay Adelphi University, we will ensure we go all the way to make available a wide range of introduction essay, goods and products from top manufacturing brands in the United States and other countries of the world. We will have available in our store a wide range of durable goods and non durable goods at affordable prices. We retail goods such as groceries, clothes, sports equipment, beauty products, jewelry, children’s toys, baby stuffs, home furnishings and home appliances et al. Our vision is to establish a one stop retail shop in Columbus, Ohio and in other cities in Ohio. Our mission is to establish a retail business that will make available a wide range of goods and products from top manufacturing brands at affordable prices to how to write the residence of Columbus, Ohio and other cities in how to write articles The University Ohio. People’s Choice Retail Shop do not intend to start a retail business like the usual mom and pop business around the street corner; our intention of how to write essay University, starting a retail business is to build a standard retail outlet in essays Centennial College Columbus, Ohio. Although our retail business might not be as big as Wal-Mart or Marcy, but will ensure that we put the right structure in write essay University place that will support the kind of growth that we have in essay help Trinity College mind while setting up the business.
We will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, honest, customer centric and are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and customers). As a matter of write Adelphi University, fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on introduction essay University of Southampton their performance for a period of three years or more. In view of that, we have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to occupy the informative Adelphi University following positions; Chief Executive Officer (Owner) Store Manager Merchandize Manager Sales and Marketing Manager Information Technologist Accountants / Cashiers Cleaners. Roles and writings, Responsibilities. Responsible for providing direction for the business Creates, communicates, and implements the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals Responsible for write informative essay Adelphi University recruitment Responsible for payment of salaries Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization. Responsible for managing the daily activities in the restaurant Ensures that the store facility is in tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Interfaces with third – party providers (vendors) Controls the NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti Milano sales floor inventory Ensures that goods and products are properly arranged Supervises the entire sales staff and workforce Any other duty as assigned by the CEO.
Manages vendor relations, market visits, and the ongoing education and development of the organizations’ buying teams Helps to ensure consistent quality of goods and products on our rack Responsible for the purchase of goods and how to informative, products for the organizations Responsible for NABA, Nuova Milano planning sales, monitoring inventory, selecting the merchandise, and writing and pricing orders to informative essay University vendors Ensures that the writings College organization operates within stipulated budget. Sales and how to write essay, Marketing Manager. Accademia Di Belle? Manages external research and coordinate all the internal sources of write, information to retain the how to write organizations’ best customers and how to informative essay, attract new ones Models demographic information and essay Trinity School, analyze the volumes of transactional data generated by customer purchases. Manages the organization website Handles ecommerce aspect of the business Responsible for installing and maintenance of computer software and how to informative Adelphi, hardware for the organization Manage logistics and supply chain software, Web servers, e-commerce software and POS (point of sale) systems Manages the organization’s CCTV Handles any other technological and IT related duties. Receives payments on behalf of the organization Issues receipt to customers Prepares financial report at the end of every working week Handles all financial transaction on behalf of the company Interfaces with our bankers Responsible for payment of tax, levies and utility bills Any other duty as assigned by the CEO / store manager. Responsible for cleaning the store facility at all times Ensures that toiletries and supplies don’t run out of stock Cleans both the interior and exterior of the store facility Any other duty as assigned by the restaurant manager, Sample Retail Store Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Writing St. George’s? Our intention of starting just one outlet of our retail store in Columbus, Ohio is to test run the business for a period of 2 to 5 years to write informative essay know if we will invest more money, expand the Trinity College School business and then open other outlets all over Ohio. We are quite aware that there are several retail stores all over Columbus and even in how to write informative essay University the same location where we intend locating ours, which is why we are following the to argumentative essay University due process of establishing a business. We know that if a proper SWOT analysis is how to write Adelphi conducted for our business, we will be able to position our business to maximize our strength, leverage on the opportunities that will be available to us, mitigate our risks and be welled equipped to confront our threats. People’s Choice Retail Store employed the services of an expert HR and Business Analyst with bias in retailing to help us conduct a thorough SWOT analysis and to help us create a business model that will help us achieve our business goals and objectives.
This is the summary of the to argumentative essay SWOT analysis that was conducted for People’s Choice Retail Store; Our location, the business model we will be operating on (physical store and online store), varieties of payment options, wide range of products and our excellent customer service culture will definitely count as a strong strength for People’s Choice Retail Store. A major weakness that may count against us is the fact that we are a new retail outlet and we don’t have the financial capacity to compete with multi – billion dollars retail outlets like Wal-Mart and write essay Adelphi, co when it comes to retailing at a rock bottom prices for all their goods. The fact that we are going to be operating our retail store in one of the busiest streets in Columbus, Ohio, provides us with unlimited opportunities to sell our goods to help College a large number of informative essay Adelphi University, people. We have been able to conduct thorough feasibility studies and write essays for scholarships Centennial College, market survey and we know what our potential clients will be looking for when they visit our retail outlets; we are well positioned to take on the opportunities that will come our way. How To Write Adelphi? Just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face is economic downturn. It is a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing power.
Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of a new retail outlet in same location where ours is located. Sample Retail Store Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS. Retailing business has been in existence for as long as humans started trading goods, but one thing is certain, the retailing industry is still evolving. The introduction of thinking di Belle Arti Milano, technology and subsequently online retail store has indeed helped in reshaping the industry. It is now a common phenomenon for retail outlets to leverage on technology to effectively predict consumer demand patterns and to strategically position their shop to meet their needs; in essence, the use of technology help retailers to maximize supply chain efficiencies. No doubt data collected from customers goes a long way to how to informative essay Adelphi help retail shops serve them better.
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Edwin Arlington Robinson Robinson, Edwin Arlington - Essay. Edwin Arlington Robinson 1869–-1935. American poet and dramatist. The following entry presents criticism on Robinson published between 1924 and 1998. Se also Richard Cory Criticicm . A three-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize for poetry, Robinson is best remembered as the author of “Miniver Cheevy,” “Richard Cory,” “Mr. Flood's Party,” and other much-anthologized poems that dramatize the isolation and loneliness of small-town individuals.
Adhering to strict metrical forms, Robinson worked outside the how to write informative essay, formal experimentalism of many of his contemporaries, yet his ironic viewpoint, austere style, and often bleak subject matter signaled an end to the baroque sentimentality of nineteenth-century American poetry. A prolific author who was devoted to short The University of Brighton, poetry as a vocation from an early age, Robinson gained recognition late in his career with the informative essay Adelphi, publication of his Collected Poems in 1921 and his adaptations of Arthurian legends into articles The University blank verse. The third son of a lumber merchant and investor, Robinson was born in Head Tide, Maine, and grew up in the nearby town of Gardiner, his model for the fictitious “Tilbury Town” that figures prominently in his early verse. He was a descendant of the Colonial poet Anne Bradstreet and began to informative essay Adelphi, write poetry at essays for college St. George’s School an early age. Write Essay Adelphi! Robinson attended Harvard University for two years, but a decline in his family's circumstances forced him to return home. Because of his elder brothers' failed financial investments, alcoholism, and drug addiction, Robinson's family was left nearly penniless, yet Robinson rejected a business career in favor of writing poetry.
To support himself, Robinson worked a series of odd jobs in Gardiner, New York City, and Boston. Because he was unable to aid his family financially and was often dependent on friends for money, Robinson developed a sense of personal failure and guilt that haunted him for essays College the remainder of his life. Many critics attribute his preoccupation with portraying nonconformists, derelicts, and suicides, and his rejection of conventional models of material success, to his own experiences with poverty and hometown scorn. Write Informative Essay Adelphi! He published his first book of poetry, The Torrent and the Night Before, at his own expense in 1896. Although it received a few favorable notices, Robinson was generally ignored by both critics and the public. He gained a measure of financial relief when his second volume, The Children of the write short The University, Night (1897), was reissued in 1905 and informative essay University attracted the attention of President Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt was impressed with Robinson's work and gave it lavish praise, and in critical thinking importance NABA, Nuova Arti, June 1905 he helped arrange employment for write informative University Robinson in critical importance NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti, the New York City customs office so that he could write without financial worry.
But Robinson wrote little poetry in his nearly four years on the job, spending much time on aborted attempts to write fiction and how to write social dramas. From 1911 on, he spent summers with a group of artists and writers at the MacDowell Colony in Peterborough, New Hampshire. Robinson remained financially insecure until the overwhelming popular success of critical thinking NABA, Arti Milano Tristram in 1927. He died in New York City in 1935. Critics generally divide Robinson's career into two distinct phases: his early work, notable for incisive character sketches presented within traditional forms, and his later work, comprising extended dramatic dialogues and write Adelphi blank verse interpretations of Arthurian legends. Writings St. Clair! Robinson is how to essay Adelphi best known for the tightly structured narrative poems of his early and mid-career, particularly those set in “Tilbury Town,” a fictional locale based on Robinson's hometown of Gardiner, Maine. In such collections as The Torrent and the Night Before, The Children of the Night, and Captain Craig (1902), Robinson maintained the introduction to argumentative essay University, discipline of such conventional forms as sonnet, quatrain, and villanelle, while treating themes of alienation and how to write informative essay failure in the lives of ordinary individuals.
Demonstrating Robinson's ironic viewpoint, simple diction, and rejection of essay in english College conventional standards of success, “Richard Cory” portrays a seemingly fortunate gentleman who earned the respect of the townspeople yet “… one calm summer night / Went home and put a bullet through his head.” Another work suggesting that appearances and social position can be deceiving is the dense title poem of “Captain Craig”. How To Essay University! Robinson presents a dramatic narrative of approximately two thousand lines about a derelict whose bombastic yet erudite observations of humanity serve as a source of fascination for essay College School the unnamed narrator. Beginning with The Town Down the River (1910), Robinson turned more often to historical and public personages, yet the theme of personal ruin remained constant. “The Island,” for example, is how to write informative University a dramatic monologue spoken by short articles of Brighton French dictator Napoleon Bonaparte in which he recalls events leading to his defeat at essay Waterloo and his exile on the British island Saint Helena. A later companion volume, The Three Taverns (1920), draws notably on biblical figures and allusions, and features historical figures including the abolitionist John Brown and the early American statesmen Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr. The culmination of Robinson's early career, The Man against critical importance Nuova di Belle, the Sky (1916) is generally considered his most successful single volume of verse. Informative Adelphi! Containing such critically favored works as “Eros Turannos,” “Hillcrest,” and “The Poor Relation,” this collection reflects Robinson's irony, mastery of form, and maturing philosophy. In 1922 Robinson was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his Collected Poems . In addition to reprinting early works, the volume contained a few new poems considered essential to the Robinson canon. Essays For Scholarships Centennial! “Mr. Flood's Party” is an often-anthologized depiction of a solitary drinker who has outlived his companions, and how to write University “Rembrandt to Rembrandt” depicts the self-doubt of the aging painter as he addresses a youthful self-portrait. In the second half of essay School his career, Robinson produced a trilogy of Arthurian legends in blank verse: Merlin (1917), a critical and commercial failure, Lancelot (1920), and Tristram (1927). Despite brief passages of substantial lyric beauty, the poems are generally faulted for their length and monotonous tone. Tristram, however, became a bestseller, a rare distinction for how to write informative essay Adelphi a book of poetry, and earned Robinson another Pulitzer Prize in 1928.
In the 1920s Robinson produced several book-length dramatic dialogues that further delineate his themes of writing St. George’s School guilt and dereliction. Many critics believe The Man Who Died Twice (1924) best represents Robinson's preoccupation with personal ruin. Fernando Nash, the poem's central character, is a talented musician and composer who succumbs to alcohol and debauchery for many years before redeeming himself by playing drums in how to informative University, a Salvation Army band. Robinson's final poems explore the subjects found in his earlier verse. Nicodemus (1932) is a collection of medium-length poems that center on biblical themes, the inhabitants of Tilbury Town, and the New England landscape. Talifer (1933), another book-length work, deviates from Robinson's previous domestic tragedies in its rather light-hearted tale of two married couples who decide to exchange partners.
Robinson ended his career with Amaranth (1934) and the posthumously published King Jasper (1935), two allegorical works that combine themes associated with vocation, wisdom, and in english College the ability to change. Despite some favorable reviews, including Theodore Roosevelt's lavish praise in Outlook in 1905, Robinson's work was virtually ignored by critics for years. But from The Man Against the how to informative essay Adelphi University, Sky onward, Robinson gained respect from literary critics. Introduction Essay Of Southampton! He won three Pulitzer Prizes, for Collected Poems in 1922, The Man Who Died Twice in 1925, and Tristram in 1928. During the how to write essay Adelphi, final years of his career Robinson was generally considered to be among the foremost American poets of the era. To Modernist critics, including T. S. Eliot and R. P. Blackmur, however, Robinson's importance to twentieth-century poetry was negligible, primarily because of his dismissal of free verse and other forms of technical experimentation. Critics of the mid-twentieth century considered Robinson to critical thinking importance Accademia di Belle Milano, be a transitional figure in the development of American poetry. Informative University! By the to argumentative essay University, late twentieth century numerous aspects of Robinson's poetry appealed to literary scholars, including his focus on ordinary characters, his often ironic point of view, his use of simple, understated language, his concept of redemption, his alienation from a society oriented primarily toward financial success, and how to University his responses to thinking Nuova Accademia Arti Milano, contemporary intellectual and religious trends. Access our Edwin Arlington. Study Guide for Free. The Torrent and The Night Before (poetry) 1896; reprinted, 1996.
The Children of the Night (poetry) 1897. Captain Craig (poetry) 1902; revised and enlarged edition, 1915. The Town Down the River (poetry) 1910. Van Zorn: A Comedy in Three Acts (drama) 1914. The Porcupine (drama) 1915. The Man Against the Sky (poetry) 1916. Merlin (poetry) 1917. Lancelot (poetry) 1920. The Three Taverns (poetry) 1920. Avon’s Harvest (poetry) 1921.
Collected Poems (poetry) 1921. Roman Bartholow (poetry) 1923. The Man Who Died Twice (poetry) 1924. Dionysus in write informative Adelphi, Doubt (poetry) 1925. Collected Poems 5 vols. (poetry) 1927; enlarged edition, 1937. Tristram (poetry) 1927.
Fortunatus (poetry) 1928. Sonnets, 1889-1927 (poetry) 1928. Cavender’s House (poetry) 1929. Modred: A Fragment (poetry) 1929. The Prodigal Son (poetry) 1929. Collected Poems (poetry) 1930. The Glory of the Nightingales (poetry) 1930.
The Valley of the Shadow (poetry) 1930. Matthias at the Door (poetry) 1931. Nicodemus (poetry) 1932. Talifer (poetry) 1933. Amaranth (poetry) 1934. King Jasper (poetry) 1935. Selected Letters of Edwin Arlington Robinson (letters) 1940. Letters from Edwin Arlington Robinson to write for scholarships Centennial, Howard George Schmitt (letters) 1943. Untriangulated Stars: Letters to Harry de Forest Smith 1890-1905 (letters) 1947. Tilbury Town: Selected Poems of Edwin Arlington Robinson (poetry) 1953.
Selected Early Poems and write informative University Letters (poetry and letters) 1960. Edwin Arlington Robinson’s Letters to Edith Brower (letters) 1968. A Tilbury Score (poetry) 1969. Uncollected Poems and Prose of Edwin Arlington Robinson (poetry and prose) 1975. The Essential Robinson (poetry, drama, prose) 1993; reprinted, 1994.
“Miniver Cheevy,” and Other Poems (poetry) 1995. Selected Poems of for scholarships Centennial College Edwin Arlington Robinson (poetry) 1997. SOURCE: The Man Who Died Twice, in Dial, Vol. 77, August, 1924, pp. 168-70. [ In the following essay, Moore favorably reviews The Man Who Died Twice . ] Throughout Mr Robinson's work, one feels his admiration for informative “courage that is Trinity not all flesh recklessness.” This emphasis upon the predominance of the soul's conflicts over write informative Adelphi, those of the intellect, is conspicuous in The Man Who Died Twice. A musician, gigantically endowed—who has “mistaken hell for paradise,” since he is help School not.
has died, but not. (The entire section is 893 words.) Get Free Access to this Edwin Arlington Robinson Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere.
We have everything you need in how to Adelphi University, one place, even if you're on the go. Essay Help Trinity! Download our handy iOS app for free. SOURCE: “Edwin Arlington Robinson: Defeat and write Adelphi Triumph,” in New England Writers and Writing, edited by Donald W. Faulkner, University Press of New England, 1996, pp. 127-33. [ In the following essay, originally published in 1948, Cowley presents an overview of Robinson's career and achievement. ] It was in essays for scholarships, October 1902, not long before his thirty-third birthday, that Edwin Arlington Robinson's third book of poems appeared. He counted on it to rescue him from the furnished room on West Twenty-third Street, in Manhattan, where he lived in fear of meeting his landlord. His first book, or rather pamphlet, had been printed at. (The entire section is 2959 words.) Get Free Access to informative essay Adelphi University, this Edwin Arlington Robinson Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. SOURCE: “Edwin Arlington Robinson: The Lost Tradition,” in Enabling Acts: Selected Essays in Criticism, University of Missouri Press, 1976, pp.
7-26. [ In the essays, following essay, originally published in 1954, Coxe identifies strengths in how to write Adelphi University, Robinson's poetry that place him among the most important American poets of the twentieth century. ] To the contemporary reader it seems strange that Allen Tate, in 1933, should have referred to write essays for scholarships Centennial, E. A. Robinson as the “most famous of living poets” and again as the writer of write informative essay Adelphi “some of the finest lyrics of modern times.” As far as most of us are concerned, Robinson ekes out a survival in “anthological pickle,” as he called it. (The entire section is of Southampton 6641 words.) SOURCE: “Redemption for write the Man of Iron,” in The Personalist, Vol. Personal St. George’s School! X411, No. 1, January, 1962, pp. 46-56. [ In the following essay, Crowder examines Robinson's concept of Adelphi University redemption as revealed in Talifer . ] … Artistic experience is, deep down, a religious experience, because the world art lives in personal, cannot be made habitable save by how to Adelphi University religion alone.
1. Malcolm Boyd says that “all media of communication are theological.” 2 Not only in such deliberate vehicles as The Cocktail Party and writing St. George’s School The Confidential Clerk but in such plays as Separate Tables and how to Adelphi A Streetcar Named. (The entire section is 3767 words.) SOURCE: “Edwin Arlington Robinson: Knights of the Grail,” in persuasive essay Trinity College, The Inclusive Flame: Studies in American Poetry, Indiana University Press, 1963, pp. Write Informative Essay Adelphi! 53-78. [ In the following essay, Cambon outlines the main characteristics of Robinson's poetry, particularly noting the unique aspects that set him apart from his contemporaries. ] The gentleman from Gardiner, Maine, was an isolated conservative in a literary world that had seen the triumph of an introduction to argumentative essay University of Southampton aggressive Imagism. He refused to how to write essay University, court public favor by personal for college St. George’s joining the winners, and kept on writing, mostly in a narrative vein which, in the changed climate of American letters, seemed to how to Adelphi, be obsolete.
In the deafening labyrinths of. (The entire section is essay writings St. Clair College 7472 words.) Wallace L. Anderson (essay date 1969) SOURCE: “The Young Robinson as Critic and how to University Self-Critic,” in how to short The University of Brighton, Edwin Arlington Robinson Centenary Essays, edited by Elsworth Barnard, University of Georgia Press, 1969, pp. 68-87. [ In the following essay, Anderson discusses Robinson's theory of poetry as revealed in his comments on his own works and those of his associates. ] “I don't know anything about the poetry of the future,” E. A. Robinson once said, “except that it must have, in order to be poetry, the same eternal and unchangeable quality of magic that it has always had. Of course, it must always be colored by how to write informative essay Adelphi the age and the individual, but the thing itself will always remain unmistakable and. (The entire section is 7751 words.) SOURCE: “A Grave and Solitary Voice: An Appreciation of how to write short articles of Brighton Edwin Arlington Robinson,” in Irving Howe: Selected Writings 1950-1990, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers, 1990, pp. 229-239. [ In the write essay University, following essay, originally published in 1970, Howe praises what he considers sincerity and honesty in Robinson's poetry and discusses his lack of appeal among modern readers. ] The centennial of in english College Edwin Arlington Robinson passed—he was born on December 22, 1869—with barely a murmur of public notice.
There were a few academic volumes of varying merit, but no recognition in our larger journals and reviews, for Robinson seems the kind of how to informative Adelphi poet who is likely to remain. (The entire section is 4261 words.) SOURCE: “E. A. Robinson, A Voice Out of the Darkness,” in Literary Reflections, A Shoring of Images 1960-1993, Northeastern University Press, 1993, pp. 154-76. [ In the following essay, originally published in 1973, Lewis identifies Robinson as one of the key figures in American poetry of the period from 1890 to critical importance Accademia Arti Milano, 1910. ] The period from about 1890 to 1910 is write informative University one of the hardest to introduction essay, define, and to appraise, in modern American literature.
There was, on write essay Adelphi University, the one hand, a genuine vigor in the area of fiction—though one masterpiece, Billy Budd, remained unpublished until the late 1920s and another, Sister Carrie (1900), was, at the time of its publication. (The entire section is write Centennial 3658 words.) SOURCE: “The Poetry of Edwin Arlington Robinson,” in how to informative Adelphi University, Moderns Contemporaries: Novelists, Poets, Critics, The Harvester Press, 1985, pp. 27-45. [ In the following essay, Lucas offers an appreciative overview of writing personal for college St. George’s Robinson's poetry, particularly expressing admiration for how to write Adelphi his portrayals of ordinary characters. ] When Edwin Arlington Robinson died in 1935, his loss was mourned not only by writing essays for college St. George’s America's writers but by write informative essay Adelphi University statesmen and citizens whom one would not readily accuse of an interest in literature. Robinson was a famous man. Now, some thirty years later, the St. Clair, fame has shrunk, and it is my guess that the write informative essay, works are very little read. Certainly it is a matter of some. (The entire section is College 6641 words.) SOURCE: “Bubble-Work in how to informative essay University, Gardiner, Maine: The Poetry War of 1924,” in The New England Quarterly, Vol.
LVII, No. 1, March, 1984, pp. 25-43. [ In the following essay, Satterfield discusses the controversy surrounding poetic intention in Robinson’s sonnet, “New England.” ] Poets seldom offer explicit statements about the meanings of their poems. Edwin Arlington Robinson, perhaps the most reticent of our New England poets, nonetheless took to the front page of his hometown weekly in 1924 to writings in english St. Clair College, explain what he intended by a sonnet that had offended some of his townsmen. He thus presented us, as well as the citizens of Gardiner, Maine, with a classic opportunity to. (The entire section is 6389 words.) SOURCE: “The Ambivalence of Stance in Edwin Arlington Robinson's Early Poems and how to write informative essay University Letters,” in Style, Vol.
23, No. 1, Spring, 1989, pp. 87-112. [ In the following essay, Blumenthal focuses on “New England,” “Dear Friends,” “Doctor of Billiards,” and writing St. George’s School “Richard Cory” in a discussion of Robinson's ambivalent response to how to informative Adelphi, the conventions and values of his hometown, Gardiner, Maine. ] Casual readers and professional critics of help Edwin Arlington Robinson, both the write informative essay University, poet's own contemporaries and his more modern readers, comment repeatedly on his New England reticence, on his penchant for elliptical utterance. Many of essay St. Clair College these have conveyed. (The entire section is University 12819 words.) Anna Sabol Blumenthal (essay date 1991) SOURCE: “Edwin Arlington Robinson's Tilbury Town Poems and William James,” in writing for college School, Dalhousie Review, Vol.
71, No. 4, Winter 1991/92, pp. 411-37. [ In the following essay, Blumenthal traces the write informative Adelphi, influence of the ideas of William James on The University, Robinson's poetry. Write Informative! ] The philandering John Evereldown, the alcoholic Mr. Flood, and best-known of all, the publicly successful and privately suicidal Richard Cory, all these, like many of Tilbury Town's denizens, retain for the reader a remarkable vividness despite the modest reputation of their creator, Edwin Arlington Robinson: few students of American literature or modern poetry are required to persuasive School, read him. Born. (The entire section is 9932 words.)
SOURCE: “Laughter at the Abyss: Hardy and Robinson,” in The Long View: Essays on the Discipline of Hope and Poetic Craft, The University of Massachusetts Press, 1991, pp. 71-114. [ In the following essay, Pack discusses humor in the poetry of Robinson and Thomas Hardy. ] E. A. Robinson is the American inheritor of Thomas Hardy's unusual gift for the creation of dramas within the confines of how to informative essay lyric form. In both poets, the ability to tell stories, to introduction essay University of Southampton, create characters who reveal themselves under the pressure of circumstance, is enhanced by their expressive control of image, rhyme, meter, and stanzaic form. They are both able to epitomize a. (The entire section is 8831 words.)
SOURCE: “Down There with E. A. R.: Amaranth ,” in Parnassus: Poetry in Review, Vols. 17 18, Nos. 2 1, 1993, pp. 282-95. [ In the following essay, Cassity argues that Amaranth is “the superior of [Robinson's] medieval poems, and possibly his masterpiece.” ] Encouraged, or rendered avaricious, by the success of Tristram in 1927—it sold over informative essay Adelphi, 60,000 copies—Edwin Arlington Robinson devoted the remaining years of essays for scholarships Centennial his life to informative Adelphi, bringing out a long poem almost annually: Cavender's House (1929); The Glory of the Nightingales (1930); Matthias at the Door (1931); Talifer (1933); Amaranth (1934); and. (The entire section is 4847 words.) SOURCE: An introduction to The Essential Robinson, The Ecco Press, 1994, pp. 3-15. [ In the following essay, Hall presents an short articles The University of Brighton appreciative overview of Robinson's life and write informative essay works. ] In 1869, Edwin Arlington Robinson was born in the village of writing essays St. George’s Head Tide in Maine, third son and final child of Edward and Mary Robinson; his brothers Dean and Herman were twelve and four. Because his mother had wanted a daughter, Robinson began life as a disappointment; he went unnamed for half a year.
When a summer visitor insisted that the six-month-old baby be named, “Edwin” was chosen by lot; the how to write essay University, poet's middle name remembered the provenance of the visitor. As he grew up in Gardiner. (The entire section is how to short articles of Brighton 3486 words.) SOURCE: An afterword in The Torrent and The Night Before: A Facsimile Edition After 100 Years of his First Book, by essay Adelphi Edwin Arlington Robinson, Tilbury House, Publishers, 1996, [ In the following essay, Justice broadly places Robinson and The Torrent and the Night Before in the context of modern American poetry. ] Looking back now, a century having passed, one sees and hears very clearly the dreadful sameness of the poetry Robinson encountered in the magazines of his youth, magazines Robinson himself could scarcely get a hearing in. The versification was competently banal, the diction was usually archaic or otherwise stilted, the subject matter was self-consciously. (The entire section is 825 words.) Allen Trachtenberg (essay date 1998) SOURCE: “Democracy and the Poet: Walt Whitman and E. How To Short! A. Robinson,” in write informative Adelphi University, The Massachusetts Review, Vol. XXXIX, No.
2, Summer, 1998, pp. 267-80. [ In the following essay, Trachtenberg discusses Robinson's response to the democratic ideals expressed in the poetry of Walt Whitman. Importance Nuova Accademia Di Belle Arti Milano! ] At certain moments in mid-career Edwin Arlington Robinson chose to play Cassandra to the nation: “Your Dollar is your only Word, / The wrath of it your only fear.” In the Adelphi University, poem called “Cassandra” (1916), in “Demos” (1920), in “Dionysius in persuasive essay help College School, Doubt” and informative essay University “Demos and Dionysius” (1925), he adopts an uncharacteristic hectoring tone, warns Jeremiah-like of a money-hungry power in the. (The entire section is 5192 words.) Barnard, Ellsworth. “Edwin Arlington Robinson.” In Sixteen Modern American Authors: A Survey of Research and Criticism, edited by Jackson R. Bryer, pp. 473-98. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1974. Traces the publishing history of works by and about introduction to argumentative essay of Southampton, Robinson. Joyner, Nancy Carol. Edwin Arlington Robinson: A Reference Guide.
Boston, Mass.: G. K. Hall Co., 1978, 223 p. Surveys writings about Robinson from 1894 to 1976. Barnard, Ellsworth, ed. Edwin Arlington Robinson: Centenary Essays . Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press. (The entire section is 339 words.) Edwin Arlington Robinson Homework Help Questions.
“The Mill” by Edwin Arlington Robinson was written in 1920. Technology made several professions extinct—blacksmiths, door-to-door salesmen, and millers. Times are hard when people lose. Richard Cory, by Edward Arlington Robinson: 1. What connections can you make to glittering Richard Cory and the simile of write essay University him being richer than a king? 2. Why did people envy Richard Cory? Who. The humanity in Robinson's poem exists in how accessible and yet inaccessible Richard Cory was. Essay St. Clair College! Even though he spoke in a manner that was always human, Cory was never fully understood by the. I think that Robinson is fairly successful in making the claim that Cory's social condition isolated him from others. The social condition that Cory experiences is how to informative essay Adelphi one in which wealth constructs. Various emotions and/or beliefs about life seem to be implied or evoked by Edwin Arlington Robinson’s poem “The Mill.” These include the following: Line 1 implies the write Centennial College, emotions of patience but.
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