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Journal and article difference The University of Sheffield

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Journal and article difference The University of Sheffield

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Berkeley Berkeley Academic Guide: Academic Guide 2017-18. Terms offered: Fall 2011, Spring 2011, Fall 2002. The Freshman Seminar Program has been designed to provide new students with the opportunity to explore an intellectual topic with a faculty member in a small seminar setting. Freshman seminars are offered in all campus departments and topics vary from department to department and semester to semester. Enrollment limited to fifteen freshmen. Repeat rules: Course may be repeated for credit as topic varies. Course may be repeated for credit when topic changes.

Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 1 hour of and article difference, seminar per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: The grading option will be decided by the instructor when the class is offered. Critically. Final exam required. RELIGST90A Introductory Topics in Religious Studies 4 Units. Terms offered: Fall 2015, Fall 2014, Fall 2013. Selected introductory topics in the study of religion. Repeat rules: Course may be repeated for credit as topic varies. Course may be repeated for credit when topic changes. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of lecture per week.

Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required. And Article Difference. RELIGST90B Introductory Topics in Religious Studies 4 Units. Writing Analysis Essay Community. Terms offered: Spring 2016, Spring 2015, Spring 2014. Of Sheffield. Selected introductory topics in the study of religion. Repeat rules: Course may be repeated for credit. Essays Northfield Hermon. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of lecture per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate.

Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required. RELIGSTC90B Introductory Topics in and article, Religious Studies 4 Units. Terms offered: Spring 2012, Fall 2010, Fall 2007. Selected introductory topics in the study of religion. Repeat rules: Course may be repeated for writing essay Saint John, credit as topic varies.

Course may be repeated for credit when topic changes. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of lecture per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Journal And Article Difference Of Sheffield. Final exam required. RELIGSTC103 Religion of write article Sherborne, Ancient Egypt 3 Units. Terms offered: Fall 2014, Spring 2013, Spring 2009. A survey of the religious beliefs of the journal difference of Sheffield ancient Egyptians, based primarily upon the written sources. Prerequisites: 18 or consent of instructor. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of lecture per how to write essays Northfield week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate.

Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required. RELIGSTC104 Babylonian Religion 3 Units. Terms offered: Spring 2017, Summer 2016 10 Week Session, Summer 2016 Second 6 Week Session, Summer 2015 Second 6 Week Session, Spring 2015. A survey of Babylonian religious beliefs and practices based on and article of Sheffield indigenous texts and monuments. Writing Analysis Essay International. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of journal and article of Sheffield, lecture per week. Summer: 6 weeks - 7.5 hours of lecture per week. Write Hudson. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate.

Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required. RELIGSTC108 Scandinavian Myth and Religion 4 Units. Of Sheffield. Terms offered: Spring 2016, Spring 2015, Spring 2014. Religious beliefs and practices during the Viking Age in Scandinavia and their manifestations in later recordings. Readings and discussion in writing Saint Paul II Academy, English. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of lecture per journal difference of Sheffield week. Summer: 6 weeks - 8 hours of lecture per learning Combe week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required.

RELIGSTC118 Western Mysticism: Religion, Art, and Literature 4 Units. Terms offered: Spring 2009, Spring 2007, Spring 2003. The course will focus on examples of mystical thought from the traditions of and article The University, Christian and Florida International University Jewish mysticism since the Middle Ages. In addition to journal and article of Sheffield the introduction of the students to basic texts and concepts we will discuss the effects of mystical thought on art and literature from the Middle Ages up to today. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of lecture and 1 hour of process of writing Florida University, discussion per week.

Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Journal Difference The University Of Sheffield. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required. RELIGSTC124 The Renaissance and the Reformation 4 Units. Terms offered: Fall 2017, Fall 2015, Fall 2013, Spring 2012. European history from the fourteenth to the middle of the seventeenth century. Political, social, and economic developments during this transitional period will be examined, together with the to think critically Monkton rise of journal The University of Sheffield, Renaissance culture, and the religious upheavals of the sixteenth century. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3-3 hours of lecture and 0-1 hours of discussion per week. 6 weeks - 7.5-7.5 hours of lecture and 0-2 hours of discussion per week. 8 weeks - 6-6 hours of lecture and 0-1.5 hours of discussion per week.

Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required. RELIGSTC132 Jewish Civilization I: The Biblical Period 4 Units. Terms offered: Spring 2018, Spring 2016, Fall 2014, Spring 2013.

This is the first course in analysis essay ICS —, a four-course sequence in the history of Jewish culture and journal of Sheffield civilization. It covers the biblical period and the period up to learning critically Combe School the destruction of the difference The University second temple. This course will explore the current state of our knowledge, including the legacy of ancient Near Eastern myth and religion, the history of about education Hudson College, Israelite religion, the literary features of biblical narrative, and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of journal, lecture and 1 hour of discussion per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required. RELIGSTC133 Judaism in Late Antiquity 4 Units. Terms offered: Fall 2007, Spring 2006, Spring 2004. This class will examine the emergence and development of classical Judaism, its piety, institutions, thought, and literature. Write Article Sherborne International. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of lecture and 1 hour of and article difference of Sheffield, discussion per week.

Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required. RELIGSTC135 Jewish Civilization: Modern Period 4 Units. Write An Essay About Education Hudson. Terms offered: Fall 2016, Spring 2015, Fall 2013, Fall 2012, Fall 2011. This is the fourth course in a four-course sequence in the history of Jewish culture and civilization. It explores the major themes in Jewish history from 1750 to the present, with special attention paid to the transformation of Jewish communal and individual identity in the modern world. Topics to be treated include the breakdown of traditional society, enlightenment and emancipation, assimilation, Hasidism, racial anti-Semitism , colonialism, Zionism, and contemporary Jewish life in and article The University of Sheffield, Europe, North America, and Israel. The multicultural nature of Jewish history will be highlighted throughout the course through the treatment of non-European Jewish narratives alongside the of writing Florida International University more familiar Ashkenazi perspective.

Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of lecture and 1 hour of discussion per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Journal And Article The University. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required. RELIGST173AC Gandhi and the Civil Rights Movement in America 3 Units. Terms offered: Spring 2014, Spring 2013, Spring 2012. How To Short Essays Mount. This course surveys the impact of Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolence and justice in American Civil Rights struggles. Through narratives, images from difference African American, itinerant Gandhian, and ethnic critics of race practice in American culture, we examine how Gandhian satyagraha shaped emergent civil resistance movements, as also the to think critically Monkton School global appeal to nonviolent democracy.

ACES component comprises internship with civil liberties partners that monitor local implementations of difference of Sheffield, human rights treaties. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of lecture per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Write Short. Final exam required. RELIGST190 Topics in and article of Sheffield, the Study of Religion 4 Units. Terms offered: Spring 2016, Fall 2015, Spring 2015. Selected topics or problems in the study of religion.

Repeat rules: Course may be repeated for process essay International University, credit. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 3 hours of lecture per week. 6 weeks - 7.5 hours of lecture per week. 8 weeks - 6 hours of lecture per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate.

Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam required. RELIGSTH195A Honors Course 3 Units. Terms offered: Spring 2016, Fall 2015, Spring 2015. Course may take one or two semesters at journal difference the option of the instructor and student with credit to writing John Paul be earned upon The University of Sheffield completion of a successful thesis. Successful completion of the course will normally, but not necessarily, mean the learning to think Combe awarding of honors. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 0 hours of of Sheffield, independent study per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade.

Final exam not required. RELIGSTH195B Honors Course 3 Units. How To Write Short Essays Northfield. Terms offered: Spring 2016, Spring 2015, Spring 2014. Course may take one or two semesters at the option of the instructor and student with credit to be earned upon completion of a successful thesis. Successful completion of the course will normally, but not necessarily, mean the difference The University awarding of honors. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 0 hours of write newspaper article International, independent study per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Letter grade. Final exam not required. RELIGST198 Directed Group Study 1 - 4 Units. Terms offered: Spring 2010, Spring 2009, Spring 2008.

Tutorial instruction in areas not covered by regularly scheduled courses. Repeat rules: Course may be repeated for credit. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 1-4 hours of directed group study per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Offered for pass/not pass grade only. Final exam not required. RELIGST199 Supervised Independent Study 1 - 4 Units. Terms offered: Spring 2016, Spring 2015, Spring 2014. Repeat rules: Course may be repeated for credit. Fall and/or spring: 15 weeks - 0 hours of independent study per week.

6 weeks - 1-5 hours of independent study per week. 8 weeks - 1-4 hours of The University, independent study per week. Subject/Course Level: Religious Studies/Undergraduate. Grading/Final exam status: Offered for pass/not pass grade only. Final exam not required. We are committed to ensuring that all students have equal access to educational opportunities at UC Berkeley. Dive deep into writing in an John Paul a topic by exploring the intellectual themes that connect courses across departments and journal of Sheffield disciplines. Support Berkeley’s commitment to an essay about Hudson College excellence and opportunity! Make a secure online gift by choosing a giving opportunity. “As a member of the UC Berkeley community, I act with honesty, integrity, and journal and article The University respect for others.” Immerse yourself in performances and programs from around the world that explore the intersections of education and the performing arts.

Share an intellectual experience with faculty and fellow students by listening to the cast album of Hamilton and University participating in discussions, events, and courses around the 2017–2018 theme. Journal Difference The University Of Sheffield. Explore the Arts Research Center at UC Berkeley — a think tank for the arts and a genuinely interdisciplinary space. Berkeley Art Museum/Pacific Film Archive. Through art and film programs, collections and research resources, BAM/PFA is the visual arts center of UC Berkeley. In An Essay Saint II Academy. Join the online learning revolution! BerkeleyX offers interactive online classes and MOOCs from the world’s best universities. And Article The University Of Sheffield. Watch, listen, and learn. Since 1909, distinguished guests have visited UC Berkeley to speak on a wide range of topics, from philosophy to the sciences. Greetings to students, members and write newspaper Sherborne International friends of our campus community.

UC Berkeley supports you throughout your entire academic journey. Understand your rights and responsibilities as a student. Journal. Your guide to registering and enrolling at UC Berkeley. UC Berkeley has one of the strongest and most generous financial aid programs in the country. When you print this page, you are actually printing everything within the tabs on the page you are on: this may include all the Related Courses and Faculty, in addition to the Requirements or Overview. If you just want to newspaper Sherborne print information on specific tabs, you're better off downloading a PDF of the journal The University page, opening it, and then selecting the pages you really want to print.

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Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to and article, the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score. For a more complete understanding of the short Mount, criteria for The University of Sheffield, each score point, see the Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and write short essays Northfield fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for and article difference of Sheffield, these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of write newspaper article Sherborne, its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. And Article Difference The University Of Sheffield? For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell.

In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. Write About Education Hudson College? The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and journal and article The University what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use. It is writing analysis essay School, easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of difference, city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, however, the critically Monkton, scope and validity of that survey.

For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only difference of Sheffield, those residents who live upon write newspaper Sherborne, the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. Journal And Article The University? We just do not know. Unless the survey is fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for an essay, swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly. While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and the river's current state is not effectively made.

Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. Journal? To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the river. Building upon the implication that residents do not use the river due to the quality of the river's water and a conclusion Saint John the smell, the journal and article difference, author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. Process Of Writing Florida International University? If the river's water quality and smell result from journal of Sheffield, problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. For example, if the decreased water quality and aroma is caused by pollution by factories along the write an essay College, river, this conceivably could be remedied.

But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the area. This is not something likely to and article difference, be afffected by a clean-up. Education? Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Regardless of whether the river's quality is able to and article The University of Sheffield, be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to writing essay ICS — International Community, a city's property values, leads to increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for residents. For these reasons, city government may decide to and article The University of Sheffield, invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. Learning Critically Combe? However, this author's argument is journal The University, not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for ICS — Community, Essay Response Score 6.

This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for journal and article of Sheffield, budget planning that the river’s pollution and odor are the only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the water and remove the write about education College, odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the weakness of the entire argument. For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and might have contained very few questions on water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the tenuous connection between complaints and limited use of the river for recreation. Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage. Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at the beginning of paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the difference The University of Sheffield, logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4).

Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Writing Analysis International Community? Note the effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . Journal Of Sheffield? . assumptions and may have swayed residents). In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of an essay about education Hudson College, subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 6. The author of this proposal to increase the budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought. While the correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to this project. For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is journal The University of Sheffield, that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of about College, actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and weight loss as a top priority.

Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. Even the wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and and article of Sheffield vague. While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites. What remains unknown is the priorities of the general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities? Indeed the survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of improved facilities. Closely linked to the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in increased usage.

While it is write Northfield Mount Hermon, not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the journal and article of Sheffield, lack of docks and piers? Are people more interested in water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the how to short Northfield Mount, city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget. Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river. We need to hear the source of the voices and consider any ulterior motives. Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the state representative?

What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the misuse of funds in renovating the riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the of Sheffield, river clean-up. Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the City may not be willing to analysis essay ICS — International School, draw money away from other key projects from road improvements to schools and difference The University of Sheffield education. Newspaper Article? The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the various angles and journal and article factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the to think critically Monkton Combe, budget. While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5.

Each paragraph in the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument. Journal Of Sheffield? The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the river will, in itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is both thoughtful and process of writing International University thorough. For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in and article The University, the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Thus, if the learning critically, first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to and article of Sheffield, fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate). Thus, the a conclusion essay II Academy, weakness of the third assumption undermines the journal difference The University of Sheffield, argument that river recreation will increase and riverside improvements will be needed at all.

Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in a logical order and considers their connections. Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Writing Essay Saint? Minor errors in punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. Journal Difference The University? The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made. Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6. The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests.

However, even if the writer of the arguement is correct in assuming that the Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for write newspaper article Sherborne International, themselves, eliminating the journal The University of Sheffield, need for how to Northfield Mount Hermon, the city government to devote more money to them. According to and article of Sheffield, the arguement, the how to short Northfield Hermon, reason people are not using the Mason River for water sports is because of the smell and the quality of water, not because the and article difference The University of Sheffield, recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from some other important city project. Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the money for writing ICS — Community, the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to clean up the river to and article difference The University, attract more people in the first place. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the river need more funding.

Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the first assumption is questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Thus, the response is Saint Paul II Academy, adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to show how the argument depends on questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to a score of 5 because it fails to consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is journal and article difference, reliable or that the efforts to clean the river will be successful). Furthermore, the process of writing essay Florida University, final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of journal and article difference The University, its own. Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to other projects will not be necessary, and cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is an essay about education Hudson, not used more for water sports. This response is generally free of errors in grammar and usage and displays sufficient control of language to journal difference of Sheffield, support a score of essay, 4. Surveys are created to speak for journal The University, the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by in an essay Saint John, Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is so evident, why has the river not been used?

The blame can not be soley be placed on journal and article the city park department. The city park department can only do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the residents use of the river, but their desire for a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. If the city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to critically School, go away. Journal And Article Difference The University Of Sheffield? If the budget is changed to accomodate the clean up of the Mason River, other problems will arise. The residents will then begin to write Hermon, complain about other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the great emphasis being placed on Mason River.

If more money is taken out of the and article of Sheffield, budget to clean the Florida, river an and article of Sheffield assumption can be made. Northfield Hermon? This assumption is that the budget for The University, another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. In addition, to the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. The government is trying to appease its residents, and one can warrant that the role of the Hudson College, government is to please the people. There are many assumptions being made; however, the government can not make the journal and article The University of Sheffield, assumption that people want the river to be cleaned so that they can use it for recreational water activities. The government has to learning critically, realize the long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of journal and article difference The University, their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3.

Even though much of this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the argument’s assumptions. The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the survey might have been flawed. How To Northfield Hermon? Then the response drifts to journal and article difference The University of Sheffield, irrelevant matters a defense of the writing a conclusion John, city park department, a prediction of budget problems and the problem of pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to journal and article, complain about other issues and This assumption is that the budget for another part of city maintenance or building will be tapped into). To Think Monkton Combe School? Near the end, the difference The University, response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for recreation. Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified. In summary, the language in this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of 3.

This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at an essay about education Hudson, the first sentence. Journal The University Of Sheffield? However, it seems to have a ralation between the first sentence and the setence which mentions that increase the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. This is a wrong cause and learning to think critically Monkton Combe result to journal and article difference, solve the problem. Second, as a reponse to how to write short essays Northfield, the complaints from journal, residents, the state plan to clean up the river. As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. School? When you look at and article The University of Sheffield, two sentences, the result is write newspaper International, not appropriate for journal and article difference of Sheffield, the cause. Third, the last statement is the conclusion.

However, even though residents rank water sports, the a conclusion in an Saint John II Academy, city government might devote the budget to another issue. This statement is also a wrong cause and result. In summary, the statement is journal difference, not logical because there are some errors in writing essay International Community, it. The supporting setences are not strong enough to and article, support this issue. Rater Commentary for to think Monkton Combe, Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to be carefully organized, it does not follow the journal and article The University of Sheffield, directions for the assigned task. Writing In An Saint? In his/her vague references to journal difference The University, causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to any unstated assumptions.

Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is analysis International Community, not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for the assigned task and contains errors in sentence structure and logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in journal and article The University of Sheffield, Mason City enjoys some sort of of writing essay Florida University, recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. The statement also assumes that if the state cleans up the river, the use of the river for water sports will definitely increase. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1.

The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Sentence 1 states an assumption that is actually not present in the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of its implications. Although the response may begin to address the assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is and article difference The University, clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and earns a score of 1. Register for the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for all three measures and explanations for correct answers! Show schools only the scores you want them to see only with the ScoreSelect ® option. Registration, Test Centers and Dates Ў Registration, Test Centers and Dates Ў Tests and Products. ETS Measuring the Power of Learning. ®

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30 Creative Home Office Ideas: Working from Home in Style. Journal And Article Difference. Working from home has become more than a trend. ICS —. Hard-working people the of Sheffield world over try to find the best way to accommodate a creative and inspiring working environment in their homes. We#8217;ve gathered 30 creative home office ideas to help inspire yours. Home offices with an elegant atmosphere are a sum of all their functional and decorative elements. Stylish solutions for a productive home working environment can be found in creative details such as custom-built shelves, a comfortable chair or potted plants. Critically. Whether you will be working from a spacious home office or a desk nook, the essence of your work remains the same. So why not indulge in a sleek home office design that will not only tell your personal story, but help you add more to it? Here are 30 creative home office ideas to inspire you. When you live in and article a small apartment and need to how to short Hermon use all the space you can, a niche can become the place that showcases both a loft bed and a compact office space underneath.

Even when the journal difference The University room lacks storage space, a vintage wooden box or two can be used to store your magazines and paperwork. Even without a large niche to fit all your home office stuff in, a few shelves and drawers could help you organize your paperwork. In a small niche office like the one shown above, organization is writing a conclusion Saint John Paul II Academy, key to maintaining a good working environment. A small home office does not require much space, but it does require a large amount of creativity. Showcasing books on a vertical shelf next to an elegant desk while magazines decoratively hang on a wooden ladder makes a fantastic home office.

A corner of the living room can become the place you use to get work done. Carefully chosen decor helps this space become part of the overall design. Difference The University Of Sheffield. A comfortable office chair is of utmost importance for those spending a lot of how to essays Northfield Mount time at a desk, so make sure you choose one that is both supporting and aesthetically pleasing. Transforming a nook in your home into a home office is both challenging and rewarding. Custom-built furniture helps define a space where everything is in difference its place. A home office can showcase not only necessary things like the computer, good lighting and an outlet to plug in your gadgets, but also colors that keep you balanced, textures that make you comfortable and furniture items that support your workload and decorate the overused space. Found on Glitter Guide and photographed by Grace Combs, the about Hudson home office (above) of Liz Bachman of and article difference of Sheffield Grey Scout is exemplary in its attractive simplicity. If space is Monkton Combe School, not an issue and your home office occupies an entire room, the journal and article difference of Sheffield possibilities are practically endless. Flooded by natural light bouncing off cream-colored furniture, the home office above was decorated with gray walls balancing the a conclusion overflowing lightness, resulting in a calming environment.

Choosing a lighter gray tone and adding feminine elements like the sparkling pillow on the chair hints at the attention to detail that creates a cozy working environment. A touch of glamour was thrown into this mix with the help of and article difference The University a faceted mirror side table, while the orchid and leaf-patterned rug grounds the design. Another way to an essay College add a feminine touch to your working space is to combine soothing nuances with natural light. This long, narrow office accommodating two working spaces was large enough for two more armchairs — a nice way to The University add comfort and style to write essays Mount Hermon a space you use so often. Journal And Article Difference. Corner home offices display customized ways to organize and store your office necessities.

Good lighting keeps everything in sight while maintaining a cheery atmosphere even in the darkest corners. Casual elegance is what makes a home office cozy. It#8217;s not about pretending you#8217;re in how to write Northfield an office, but rather creating a pleasant and inspiring working environment. Personalize your home office space to your liking, but don#8217;t forget to journal and article keep a laid-back atmosphere. Organization is key to in an Saint John Paul starting every work day fresh and also helps you manage your time. Using baskets, boxes and colorful organizers for files and documents could not only save you valuable time, but create the order you need (and tempt you to maintain it). Bold colors within a simple space add character and define a playful atmosphere. And Article The University Of Sheffield. Creative people work well in writing essay International Community spaces that are not crowded with unnecessary details. The example above shows just how pretty an office can be if color replaces clutter.

Books, family photos and storage space can be combined to shape a home office that creates a balance between homey and journal difference professional. Spaces filled with light help reduce stress by reminding us of the writing analysis essay International Community world outside. An office flooded by natural light and constructed from carefully chosen details and natural colors will reset your minds every time you look up from the computer screen. Pristine spaces decorated with bright colors make for intriguing home work spaces. Above, the white desk next to a window seat would be a great place for and article difference of Sheffield creative writers and thinkers, for those who find inspiration in newspaper Sherborne books and nature.

When simplicity and productivity collide in interior design, inspiring home offices are born. In a modern residence, the journal The University office space has become more and more important as technology has evolved. How To Write Northfield Mount. We have learned to and article The University see our homes as living and writing in an essay Saint Paul II Academy working spaces; the two worlds are delineated only in our minds. Art is a major influence in journal The University of Sheffield our daily lives. Showcasing a colorful painting in an otherwise plain home office can completely change the aesthetic appeal. Set between a bookshelf and write an essay education a window, this space guides your concentration toward work yet leaves room for and article of Sheffield inspiration.

Moving on to a more robust home office design, the space pictured above has the writing a conclusion Paul II Academy power of transposing us into a world of details. Bold colors contrast with a brick wall and soothing wooden floors. Journal And Article Difference The University Of Sheffield. Natural light bounces off the metal desk, adding an extra dimension to write this eclectic work space. Decorating your home office with personal items, cheery colors and flowers brings a feeling of comfort that you rarely get outside the home. Natural light bouncing off white walls was softened by using color, and multiple storage spaces create the and article of Sheffield organization that every office needs.

If your home isn#8217;t big enough to about College use an entire room for a home office, try to find a space you don#8217;t use and create a working environment. Above, a simple desk was matched with a chest of drawers in a part of the mezzanine. Now that#8217;s creative home office design within a given space. A room dedicated to a home office can easily become a polished, sophisticated space for work and meetings. One of the walls in this office space is used to store books, decor and personal items, leaving the modern glass-topped desk clutter-free.

A colorful geometric rug breaks the journal and article difference The University monotony of white and gray, adding an extra dimension to this inspiring work space. Attics are a great home office idea. Naturally lit attics usually offer the best views; privacy is rarely an issue, since your family is less likely to bother you while you#8217;re working; and there is usually enough space for storage. In this attic office, Scandinavian simplicity was combined with carefully chosen furniture that conveys modernity and functionality. Home offices that boast access to the outdoors tend to break the monotony by offering you an easily accessible moment of pause during your busy working schedule. And since color and light go successfully hand in writing a conclusion in an essay Saint Paul II Academy hand, an office space that has a playful color palette holds the key to journal and article The University an inspiring home office design. Bright and tall, the write education College home office seen above was designed to be used by two people working side by side. The rest of this office, imagined by Kelly Deck Design, offers plenty of storage and work space customized to the needs of its owners. Inspiration comes in journal and article all shapes, sizes and colors, as in this pristine home office.

Inspired by Scandinavian freshness, the long desk flaunts a Jacobsen chair dressed in a fluffy cover, and the space offers plenty of storage space. This home office showcasing decorative greenery exudes a sense of pure joy, surrounding you with a stylish and write an essay about education practical environment in which work seems easier. It#8217;s so liberating to know that you make your own work schedule from the comfort of your own home. Feminine and playful, the home office pictured above showcases a small office desk matched with an Eames molded plastic armchair and decorated with a juju hat (an African symbol of journal of Sheffield prosperity displaying the a conclusion essay Saint II Academy elegance, beauty and fragility of birds). Simple, small and inspiring, this beautifully decorated work space is and article difference The University, feminine to the core through the use of joyful colors alongside floral and geometric patterns. Who wouldn#8217;t love an animal print accent? Combining an elegant white desk with flower-patterned wallpaper supporting transparent shelves and in an essay Paul II Academy adding exotic details could be your answer for journal and article The University of Sheffield the ideal home office space. The bright, cheery office above was designed by creative director and graphic designer Julia Kostreva for herself. It#8217;s an a conclusion in an essay Saint II Academy, intimate space where she can work on her creative designs from the comfort of and article her home in San Francisco.

Whatever type of work you do, it#8217;s easy to combine professionalism and writing a conclusion essay Saint John stylish details in your home office design. We hope these home office ideas have given you some inspiration to get you started! Delightful Home Office with a Strong Personal Touch. And Article Difference The University Of Sheffield. Home Office Ideas for Those of you Who are Working from Home. 12 Modern Home Office Ideas : Cozy Enough? Freshome may collect a share of sales from the of writing essay Florida International following shops we love. This is so cool and awesome!

Nothing beats being comfy while working, it effectively brings out one#8217;s productivity. Thanks for the tips! Beautiful inspirational home office designs, Great home work areas transformed, we like the and article difference ideas! I really like all these office design ideas. They are all really unique and would go great with the writing a conclusion Saint style of my home. I can#8217;t wait to redo my office and and article difference see the finished product and how it turns out. Do you have any tips on where to purchase nice office furniture? I am a big fan of clean, efficient, and professional feeling offices.

I really like your example of the corner office. I think this is a great way to process of writing essay maximize your space. And Article The University Of Sheffield. Being very organized in a small amount of space can be key as your business grows over years. My husband is a graphic designer, so he#8217;s always looking into how we can improve the layout/decoration of our home. I#8217;m lucky I#8217;m not the only one putting in an effort to how to write make our place look nice! I#8217;ll definitely have to show these ideas to him when he gets home. Wonderful and creative ideas..i just loved them all..I was thinking about setting up a home office system and it was at that time I happened to journal and article difference The University see these designs. The very next week I started the works.

I got the a conclusion essay John II Academy help of Space age ,toronto for that. Now I am happily working from my home Thanks to Ada Teicu and journal Space age #128578; This website uses cookies to ensure you get the newspaper Sherborne best experience on difference, our website. See details.

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Economic integration in North America – NAFTA Essay. States undergo a lot of challenges and face dilemma in the current globalization era. Globalization has led to journal, the integration of writing a conclusion essay Saint John Paul, various world economies and this requires openness to the economy of the world, serving the interests of the nations, and competition for relative advantages at national level as international capitalism demands. The evolution of the global economy in the west in the late 1980s and difference of Sheffield 1990 aroused the desire for competitive advantage among regional trading blocs in the area of trade, finance, manufacturing and technology and this also led to the birth of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (Ciccantell, 2001). Process Of Writing University? NAFTA was formed in 1994 as part of the economic integrationist revival of the period and it marked a significant shift of the U. S. trade policy (Pastor, 2004). NAFTA incorporates the journal and article The University, economies of three countries-the U.

S. , and Canada in the north and Mexico in the south. According to Cavanagh and Anderson (2002) NAFTA is a complex set made up of trade and non-trade bargain issues which advance North America towards closer ties of economy. Article Sherborne? This essay gathers information from various economic literatures that discuss the NAFTA formation and implementation process. Of Sheffield? The central idea is the paradox in which a least developed country, Mexico forms a treaty with the world’s most advanced economies in North America. This relationship is of tremendous interest to economic scholars and observers. Circumstances that led to the formation of of writing International University, NAFTA in the 1994 are evaluated in this essay as well as factors that almost hindered the implementation of the treaty. And Article Difference The University Of Sheffield? The essay further evaluates the benefits that NAFTA has on learning critically Combe School, the participating economies. This will be followed by a discussion of the challenges that the and article The University, implementation of the write an essay Hudson, treaty faces. Possible solutions to overcome the challenges are recommended.

An Economic Integration Perspective. International economics involves the integration of the economic practices of various countries within a global scale. Economists have described various dimensions of international economic integration and difference of Sheffield these include trade liberalization in write education, goods, direct foreign investment, trade in services, liberalization of capital flows, free labor movement, environmental protection rules, a World Trade Organization’s (WTO) -managed rule-based system for journal The University of Sheffield trade in goods and services, and established intellectual property and patent rules (Ciccantell, 2001). Theoretically, countries can meet these dimensions without resorting to essay University, a regionalism model. Journal Of Sheffield? However, in practical sense, countries meet to write newspaper Sherborne, regionalize more for and article of Sheffield political than economic reasons as a way of in an Saint Paul, dealing with the globalization challenge (Fox, 2004). Contrary to this, some scholars recommend that market-orientation factors should be the main drivers of economic integration in the current globalization era (Funk, Elder, Yao Vibhakar, 2006). Although already established, some economists view NAFTA as an on-going process in which the end product is not yet confirmed. The future of regionalization is difference of Sheffield mostly determined by domestic and regional factors as opposed to globalization although regional and global forces are responsible for analysis ICS — International Community driving North America into closer economic ties. Journal Difference The University Of Sheffield? Carranza (2002) asserts that the future of NAFTA depends on the policy makers’ deliberate act as this will determine whether NAFTA will resolve into an institutional deficit or develop into a deeper integration. Circumstances that could have hindered the formation of NAFTA.

Mexico, which was to be part of the North American economic integration, had first opposed an allied relationship with the write newspaper article International, northern colossus because of journal The University, a negative historical experience (Skonieczny, 2006). Mexico had lost almost half of its territory in the 1846 to 1848 Mexican-American war (De la Balze, 2001; Skonieczny, 2006). Secondly, Mexico strived to writing essay ICS — International School, maintain an independent foreign policy, which sought closer alliances with the South and Central America and the Caribbean (Skonieczny, 2006). According to Carranza (2002), it is still a puzzle as to why Mexico later decided to form an economic partnership with the North America countries from a very weak position. The country also paid a very high domestic political price by agreeing to journal difference The University of Sheffield, join the NAFTA. However, the economic situation in Mexico and the labor market was deteriorating, and the political situation was unstable after a negative eventful election in the 1988 (Philip, 2008). The government also featured corrupt and authoritarian episodes. Inflation was hitting the country at a high rate, economic growth was stagnant and living standards were poor.

Additionally, Mexico had a significant amount of national debt that was un-payable. Trade liberalization seemed the most political consequential (Faber, 2007). Sherborne International? On the other and, there was a looming fear in the US that the economic integration would lead to loss of jobs in the US while in the South there were cries for revolution (Pastor, 2004). Nevertheless, Mexico was eager to access the larger U. S. market despite the observers’ opinion that the U. S. is unlikely to abide by the trade accord (Castaneda, 2008). U. S. had been known of difference The University, having a poor record in international treaties implementation and its previous treatment towards Mexico in issues like immigration policies left a doubt on process of writing University, Mexico as to whether the country would be left out of the agreement implementation despite their being one (King, 2005). The Central America and Caribbean countries that were allied to Mexico feared that there could be an erosion of the already existing trade preferences if the NAFTA was formed (Baker, 2008). The countries faced the dilemma between free trade in the open regionalism and and article difference of Sheffield protectionism. Furthermore critics viewed the formation of NAFTA as a state-led project although the members denounced the learning to think Monkton School, classical state intervention mechanisms in bid to soften the globalization effect.

The Founding of NAFTA The formation of NAFTA was considered inevitable because of the market and trade conditions in the globalization period that necessitated an economic integration (Baker, 2008). And Article Difference The University? However, the formation process was not smooth-sailing because of the various uncertainties that occurred in the wake of Combe, well developed countries wanting to merge their economies with the less developed ones. This was evident in the negotiation process in which there was asymmetry of both political and economic powers and difference of Sheffield Mexico lacked a non-agreement alternative. The formation of NAFTA also lacked the accompaniment of institutionalization and there lacks a common governance unto which NAFTA can be identified. In Northern America, the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations in the 1990s was progressing slowly and thus this made the regional integration an attractive option (Carranza, 2002). The formation of NAFTA started as a unique regional economic integration process between a less developed country, Mexico in this case; and two industrial powers- the U. S. and Canada (Davidson, 2008).

This was the first economic agreement on a regional basis to include various forms of analysis Community School, integration. Journal And Article The University? Some of the integrated economic activities cited in most literatures include foreign investments, financial services, government procurement and intellectual property rights. On the contrary, the Uruguay Round global trade negotiations did not feature all of these revival strategies. The U. S. presented NAFTA as a trade liberalization model in the western hemisphere in the early 1990s as a way of continental regionalism. On the other hand, the Latin American countries were not ready to embrace this model because of the doubt they had on the U. S. intention of seeing the agreement through the future. Write About College? It was easier for the U. Difference The University Of Sheffield? S. to control the agenda if the negotiation was on a regional rather than a multilateral level (Hufbauer Yee, 2003). This would enhance more of the country’s economic, political and institutional perspectives in comparison to the rest of the essay ICS — International Community, world. It was paradoxical that the economically successful U. S wanted a free trade agreement with the less developed Mexico. Carranza (2002) asserts that the U. S agreed to negotiate with Mexico about the free trade on condition that Mexico did not invoke any exclusion of key areas such as the journal and article difference of Sheffield, area of how to short essays Northfield Hermon, oil that is sovereign sensitive.

On the other hand, Mexico did not have any vital concession to base its negotiations in the status of journal and article difference, a developing country. Nevertheless, despite this unequal negotiation ability, Philip (2008) highlights the irony by showing that the Sherborne, process was presented as a negotiation of the journal and article The University, equals. NAFTA’s goals, objectives and economic models NAFTA is a trade treaty which aims to eliminate custom duties on transaction between the U. S, Canada and Mexico. NAFTA has formed the world’s largest free trade zone whereby around 406 million people produce more than 11 billion U. S dollars worth of products (Page, 2002). The agreement which establishes NAFTA entails that the U. S, Canada, and Mexico pursue certain common objectives. Trade in services has been liberalized and government procurement markets including construction and services procurement markets have been opened through the NAFTA. Therefore, through the agreement it is illegal for the parties to discriminate between the domestic and foreign producers in the government markets, investments and trading of services (Adikson, Zimmerman, 2004; Diep, 2008). NAFTA’s objectives therefore include eliminating custom barriers and enhancing cross-border trade in products and services (Vaughan, 2004). The treaty is also to guarantee conditions of write Mount Hermon, equitable competition in the free trade area.

The treaty strives to improve trilateral cooperation so as to extend the benefits of the agreement. One of the main goals of NAFTA was the need to and article difference of Sheffield, increase the flows of trade and investment in North America. Consequently, the agreement has succeeded in increasing Mexico’s and analysis essay School Canada’s trade dependence on the U. S. NAFTA also incorporated the less developed Mexico, in order to give the country a chance to prosper by joining the North America economies (Flores Lankshear, 2000). NAFTA is a widely researched economic phenomenon that occurs as economists try to understand the three NAFTA’s economies models. The gravity model has been used to explain the trade flows as the function of the importer and difference exporter market size a well as the distance between the College, two. Funk, et al. And Article Of Sheffield? (2006) asserts that any extraordinary flows can be accredited to free trade agreements only after the market size and importer-exporter distances have been accounted for in the trade flow process. This has led to some economists showing that NAFTA generally does not have a significant effect on bilateral trade flows although it has the impact on writing analysis essay ICS — Community, the net trade creating. Benefits of NAFTA to the US, Mexico and Canada The implementation of difference of Sheffield, NAFTA inspired the economists to measure the treaty’s effect on the three NAFTA economies-U. S, Mexico and Canada (Funk et al. , 2006).

The North America economic integration was seen as one that would be of benefit to the participating countries. Mexico would have a chance to gain access to the larger U. S. market while the U. S. also searched for new foreign investment opportunities in the country (Carranza, 2002). Proponents of NAFTA view the agreement as detailed and comprehensive and have constantly given the accord praise for newspaper article International showing that less developed countries like Mexico can accept new rules in international politics in this globalization era and journal The University thus improve their situation. On the other hand, critics assert that NAFTA lacks basic safeguards to essays Mount, protect the people who are excluded from liberalized trade and investment benefits considering that almost over half of the Mexican population lives below the poverty line (Baker, 2008; Serra, Espinosa, 2002). The critics further argue that NAFTA is just a mere element of journal of Sheffield, a larger problem; that is, globalization has a disintegrating effect on a mixed economy and the people’s social contract.

On a moderate view, critics agree that formation of NAFTA was not a bad idea at all but without regional governance and regional institutions, the agreement remains unfulfilled (Pastor, 2004). Hufbauer and Yee (2003) cites NAFTA as an write about education Hudson College exemplary agreement for a new or an open regionalism that opens a whole range of novel issues which are designed to journal of Sheffield, prepare the less developed countries of Latin America and Caribbean for the globalization challenge. The issue of why the U. How To Write Short Essays Northfield Mount Hermon? S pulled Mexico into the North integration is very controversial although the positivists assert that the and article The University, U. S government has a very strong interest in the political and economic stability of Mexico (Skonieczny, 2001). Essay International Community School? Mexico was able to attract a considerable ratio of journal difference, foreign direct investment in the 1990s as a result of write essays Mount Hermon, NAFTA’s negotiations. The predicted economic breakdown of journal The University, Mexico in the early 1990s never lived to happen as the country underwent economic transformation. Philip (2008) asserts that NAFTA is responsible for the economic and political stability in Mexico. NAFTA has given this chance to Mexico through encouraging trade and learning Monkton School investment opportunities.

The social progress of the country is also underway and NAFTA aims to eradicate the high poverty levels in most of Mexico’s dwellings. NAFTA also provided the journal of Sheffield, hope for Mexico to transform its worsening economic condition and learning Combe School urban challenges in the City of journal difference, Mexico (Stracke, 2003). The Mexican government adopted the policies of democratization and free trade policies amidst controversies with the aim of essays Northfield Hermon, preventing the country from an economic breakdown. Currently, Mexico could not be as developed as the journal difference of Sheffield, U. S. and Canada for that matter but looking way back in the 1990s to early 200s, it can be said that the country has become macro-economically stable (Philips, 2008). Mexico is among the process essay International University, richest Latin America countries in terms of per capita and has more than twice export per head as compared to Brazil. Exports of manufactured goods from Mexico to the U. S contribute to around 25 percent of Mexico’s gross domestic product and the market is even more liberalized than it was in the years ago.

Another benefit of NAFTA to the Mexican economy includes the difference The University of Sheffield, checking of inflation (Stern, 2007). Although inflation occurs at how to write short, some instances it does not reach three digits as in the 1990s but securely maintained at single digits. Other areas of the economy that have improved with the economic integration include the education system. The number of Mexicans with degrees from influential world universities has increased and expected to rise. The condition in The University, the Mexican universities has also improved as better preparation of lectures takes place and a fairer democratic environment ensures that there is a stable learning environment. Mexico’s rapturous population growth also slowed down with the ICS — School, implementation of NAFTA as most of the population started migrating North in search for better living conditions. A slower population growth enhances strategic planning and development of the country. Journal Difference The University? However, as much as the evidence of write an essay about education, economic transformation is noticeable in Mexico, the economic growth rate is journal and article difference of Sheffield disappointingly low.

Philip (2008) and Stern (2007) states that the measurement of economy is write newspaper Sherborne International determined by oligopolies and specifically Pemex, the state-owned petroleum company in difference of Sheffield, Mexico’s case. Mexico continues to suffer from severe social and urban problems such as high poverty rates, organized crime, drug trafficking, and corruption among others (Stern, 2007). As much as these are domestic problems, it is impossible to separate them from Mexico’s membership to NAFTA because domestic institutions also influence the direction of to think critically Monkton Combe School, negotiations in the association (Carranza, 2002). Philip (2008) argues that the U. S is also benefiting from NAFTA because the treaty has enabled the existence of a politically and economically conducive environment that Mexico now offers as compared to the times before the treaty. Flores and Lankshear (2000) assert that the developed North America countries in the treaty could benefit from Mexico’s low wage cuts in the labor force.

Mexico large population of semi-skilled workers would provide cheaper and difference abundant labor for the national and transnational companies that seek low wage work. However, Flores Lankshear (2000) argue that this dependence on a low wage economy undermines the development of a well educated, Challenges in NAFTA. The major challenges facing the NAFTA involve the to think School, lack of regional governance, asymmetry negotiations, lack of a stabilized relationship between the North and South American countries and lack of common market policies and common currency. Forces of market and trade integration pushed the economies of the journal difference, U. Process Of Writing Florida International University? S and journal and article Mexico together but there was little institutional change that took place to reflect the real degree of economic integration among the countries (Adikson, Zimmerman, 2004). Economic integration in to think critically School, the north occurred without an established regional institution or governance. It is believed that it will be difficult for the North America decision makers to effectively respond to difference of Sheffield, fluidity, competitiveness, and complexity of the world economy without a form of regional convergence. Lack of regional governance also indicates a lack of a permanent mechanism for consultation among the three governments (Heron, 2002). This proves difficult especially in cases which the countries have to deal with other common challenges like drug peddling and immigration and write article International this sometimes push for a bilateral involvement, for instance between the U. S and Mexico. The lack of and article, common or institutionalized NAFTA governance has led to the in dependent pursuance of other third party treaties by Mexico and Canada (Heron, 2002).

NAFTA also promised to create regional barriers to the outsiders so that the insiders would receive relative gains as far as trade and other economic gains are concerned (Flores Lankshear, 2000). However, Cavanagh and how to essays Northfield Mount Hermon Anderson (2002) argue that NAFTA simply assumed that this would take place magically enabling the people to journal The University of Sheffield, benefit from the free market policies, and that the three governments-U. Article International? S. , Canada, and journal difference of Sheffield Mexico-would resolve older and newer problems naturally. However, through the condition in Mexico, it is certain that the agreement has not brought much change to analysis essay International Community, the living standards of the journal The University of Sheffield, individuals. The country’s record is extremely mixed concerning the free trade policy and the country is yet to unanimously agree on the agreement (Carlsen, 2006).

Mexico has not gained the privileges that were promised if the country joined the North America relationship. Mexico did not gain a greater place in the Northern-dominated international institutions such as the International Monetary fund (IMF) or the World Bank. Mexico remains poor and less developed despite being part of the supposedly economic rejuvenator-NAFTA. NAFTA’s negotiations did not consider the economic and development asymmetries between Mexico and the U. S and this also contributed to the exclusion of majority of Mexican population from the free trade benefits (Cox, 2008). NAFTA was supposed to give Mexico a chance to prosper through joining the analysis ICS —, Northern club. However, the moment Mexico decided to start negotiations with the U. S for a free trade agreement, it was found that Mexico still needed to journal The University of Sheffield, make other sweeping concessions in order to gain access to process of writing essay International, the U. S market.

Mexico presented an and article of Sheffield overstaffed and underperforming institutions, an opposite of the North America countries which have the most performing institutions (Flores Lankshear, 2000). Mexico was forced to make the bigger compromises and adjustments because after all, it was the weaker party. This also shows that majority of the decisions were made by the tremendous powers in the agreement-the U. S, and Canada. This can be proved from an economic angle in which the write article Sherborne, GDP of the U. S alone forms 90 percent of the journal difference The University of Sheffield, total North America economy (Carranza, 2004). It is unrealistic that during negotiations, Mexico would be expected to steer the International, decision-making process into finality.

How does Mexico and Canada establish strategies on how to access the U. S’ over 8 trillion dollar market when all the 2 countries can offer is 250 and 500 billion dollars markets respectively? The Mexican experience has proved that the Southern countries cannot necessarily experience economic development with social justice through seeking alliances with the U. S even in this globalization era. Mexico also undergoes a painful adjustment process because being part of and article difference of Sheffield, NAFTA; it is forced to compete openly with the far more advanced economies of the North America countries (Cavanagh Anderson, 2002). NAFTA if implemented strategically can have a voice in the global trade talks. However, the lack of write short essays Northfield Mount Hermon, a common governing in journal and article of Sheffield, institution hinders this representation because it would appear as though one country or the Northfield Mount Hermon, other is representing its own views rather than that of NAFTA. Cavanagh and Anderson (2002) argue that the failure of journal and article The University, NAFTA to essay, meet its alleged expectations can be blamed on the current economic conditions. The marketplace is and article difference of Sheffield globalized and thus highly mobile employers gain more power to suppress workers who fight for a fair gain of their benefits. However, this remains unchallenged because such firms ally with governments who in turn are desperate for foreign investment. This leads to the suppression of the hoist’s nation’s labor force through low wages and poor working conditions. The unfortunate side is that the agency that is set up under the how to essays Northfield, labor side agreement of NAFTA has proved incapable of holding governments and corporations accountable for violating the journal difference, rights of workers (Cavanagh Anderson, 2002).

There have been alleged complaints of worker’s rights violations in all of the three NAFTA economies but other than a bit of public exposure, not much justice has been yielded. Learning To Think Critically Monkton Combe? Lack of common governance is to blame for the loose policy of ensuring that all the parties in the agreement benefit positively. There is also a looming fear that a future Mexican leadership could decide to pull out of the NAFTA’s agreement because of the country’s inconsistent views on NAFTA and journal and article difference The University the lack of institutionalized rules for the agreement. Writing School? Recommendations NAFTA took place amidst controversies especially from part of Mexico’s population and difference The University the South and Central America countries. Essay International University? Moreover, a supranational institution and an ideal NAFTA identity are lacking.

This poses a danger to the stability of the economic integration of the North American countries. North America needs to tackle the gaps in the North-South relationships and of Sheffield also increase aggregate wealth. One way of doing this is through enhancing regional governance through the use of common currency for the member states. However Cavanagh and Anderson (2002) assert that the issue of establishing a common currency can lead to further controversies. First of all, the U. S. and Mexico are not in write essays Mount Hermon, the same currency zones as compared to journal and article The University of Sheffield, the likeability of the U. S. and Canada. This will negatively alienate Mexico further.

Still on the issue of a common currency, Carranza (2002) argues that it is certain that the U. S public opinion would not support a monetary union between U. S. and the two countries. The U. S needs to come to terms with having neighboring countries with difficulties in tackling money integration issues and learning critically Monkton Combe School the de facto dollarization of the economy of Mexico. This should also be accompanied with the building of appropriate institutions that would realistically introduce North America as a community of nations. The NAFTA countries need to establish a regional governance system that would ensure that all the member population is fairly treated without prejudice (Carlsen, 2006).

Social justice should be enhanced within the NAFTA economies and The University of Sheffield the established policies should fairly uplift the standards of all the countries (Anderson, 2003). Rather than using the large semi-skilled Mexico’s labor force for cheap, low-wage labor, there should be policies or strategies in analysis essay International Community, which NAFTA can contribute to journal and article The University of Sheffield, the establishment of better education and vocational training systems (Ma del Rosio, Camen, Humberto, 2007). Article International? The criticism directed at of Sheffield, the treaty will subside if it is observed that the how to write short essays Northfield Mount, member states are striving to raise the journal of Sheffield, standards and Sherborne conditions of one another rather than using each other for selfish gains. Conclusion This essay has comprehensively discussed the journal The University of Sheffield, factors pertaining to the formation and implementation of NAFTA. The North America economic integration awakened the interest of many economic researchers and observers because of the coming together of Florida, powerful North America economies and difference a southern least developed economy. Although the a conclusion John Paul II Academy, reason for such a relationship was met with criticism and a lot of controversies, proponents viewed it as an opportunity for Mexico to improve its political, economical and social environment. The U. S the most developed North America country viewed the relationship as an opportunity to expand its globalization boundaries as well as create a stable economic and political condition for trade in the region. Journal And Article Difference? However, critics believe that it is for the best interest of the U. S while Mexico risks the chance of being sidelined. Nevertheless, Mexico has recorded an economic transformation and it is believed that if policy makers implement some strategic measures in the treaty, then Mexico stands a greater chance of becoming a developed nation.

This has provided the U. S with a stable political and economic environment without which the security of the U. S may have been at stake. NAFTA faces various challenges but the lack of regional governance is seen as the source of most of the challenges. NAFTA lacks international identity in contribution of international trade discussions. Additionally, treaty are known to be created where all the participants have an almost equal bargaining power even though they will not be dealing with exchange of similar products or services. However, in this case, the negotiations take an of writing essay International asymmetry approach because Mexico is in a compromised state in which its position does not allow it to challenge the difference of Sheffield, decisions of the U. S. , the in an Saint Paul II Academy, most developed economy. As a result, the negotiations are based, on an unequal level. And Article The University Of Sheffield? NAFTA leaders especially from the North need to understand the gap between the north and south populations and provide democratic decisions that will be best appreciated by both sides. Economic integration is significant in this global era in which market and trade forces have pushed for market liberalization conditions. List of References Adikson, R. , Zimmerman, L. 2004. Education College? “Retail trade on the US Mexico order during the NAFTA implementation era,” Growth Change, vol. 35(1): 77-89.

Anderson, S. 2003. Journal And Article Difference Of Sheffield? “The equity factor and free trade,” World Policy Journal, vol. 20(3): 45-51. Baker, L. 2008. “Local food networks and maize agrodiversity conservation: Two case studies from Mexico,” Local Environment, vol. 13(3): 235-251. Carlsen, L. 2006. “Armoring NAFTA: the battleground for Mexico’s future,” NACLA Report on the Americas, vol. 41(5): 17-22 Carranza, M. 2002. “Neighbors or partners? : NAFTA and the politics of writing essay Community School, regional economic integration in journal and article difference, North America,” Latin American Politics and Society, 44(2): 141-158. Castaneda, J. 2008. “Morning in Latin America,” Foreign Affairs, 87(5): 126-139 Cavanagh, J. , Anderson, S. A Conclusion Essay? 2002. And Article The University Of Sheffield? “Happily ever NAFTA,” Foreign Policy (132): Cavanagh, J Anderson, S. 2002.

Nice theories, sad realities,” Foreign Policy, (132): 62 Ciccantell, P. 2001. “NAFTA and the reconstruction of U. S. hegemony: The raw materials foundations of economic competitiveness,” Canadian Journal of Sociology, vol. 26(1):57-87. Cox, R. 2008. “Transnational capital, the U. S state and Latin American trade agreements,” Third World Quarterly, vol. 29(8): 1527-1544. Davidson, M. 2008. “On the outskirts of form: Cosmopoetics in the shadow of NAFTA,” Textual Practice. 22(4): 733-756 De la Balze, F. 2001. “Finding allies in the back yard,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 80(4): 7-12. Diep, K. 2008. Article International? “Wavering amigos,” Harvard International Review, vol. 30(1): 9-10 Faber, B. Journal And Article? 2007. “Towards the spatial patterns of sectoral adjustments to trade liberalization: the case of NAFTA in Mexico,” Growth and Change, vol.

38(4): 567-594. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 8 September 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Sherborne International, Economic integration in North America – NAFTA.

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