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bar review essay In the heart of the fast moving city lies Za Za Bazaar, Britain's largest buffet and bar inspired from the night markets of of essay Los Angeles, Asia, what looks like a nightclub for teenagers upon the Floating Harbour is actually a polished lively restaurant and bar. The comically over-sized sign is boarded with what I can only describe as overly-bright circus lights, ready to dazzle you as you walk into the grand entrance. When you enter you a greeted by writing help Ritz Сolleges an employee at the desk, the feeling of booking early makes you feel like a VIP awaiting their own personal table. On the way up the stairs the walls have been covered with a glorious dragon and Chinese symbols of steps of essay writing Los Angeles, peace, luck and prosperity. With each step the mouth-watering aroma gets stronger and stronger, first teasing your nostrils with delicious concoctions of spices and herbs then overwhelms you as your stomachs surrenders to the appealing foodstuff. When opening the doors you are greeted by writing Cesar Сolleges Switzerland the sight of steps of essay writing of California,, a range of waiters and waitresses in uniform and lined in an elegant semi-circle, one of which will walk up to essay writing College you accompany to your table, but on the way there you cannot help but gawk at the sheer quantity and steps writing University, variety of food. Each type of persuasive essay d'Overbroeck's College, food from all around the world (Far Eastern, Mexican, European etc.) has their own area (even the Salads have their own section) and personal chefs, its own dazzling light display, and every once in a while the chefs show off their talent by performing a fire show. The waiter or waitress asks you if this is your first time eating at the restaurant (they explain how to order food and where to go and such.) then leave you be to enjoy your meal, returning every so often to offer any assistance.
If you take the time to steps writing of California, (UCLA) soak in the atmosphere you can really notice the exquisite detail done in write an essay in english, the paintings and steps of essay writing University Los Angeles, decorations. Buffalo Bill, cacti and animal skulls dangle by essay assignment Ritz Сolleges Switzerland the American area and Chinese lanterns and dragons hang in the ceiling and some right above your table for the Asian menu. One of the far walls has an steps of essay of California, Los Angeles impressive vast wall painting dedicated to the Mexican day of the dead. Journal Article Critique Rossall? The atmosphere is certainly lively but is steps of essay writing of California, Los Angeles never too crowded or loud as you can always enjoy your meal. After taking in the surroundings and walking to the food area, every dish of food is clearly labelled with warnings of spices and meats used, so is suitable for any fussy eater, spicy adventurer and vegetarians! The chefs answer any questions and will even specially prepare food when requested. The presentation of the food is highly important to freelance writing of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas) any restaurant and Za Za Bazaar does not forget this, near the dessert area the steps of California, (UCLA) highlight are the persuasive essay College three glass towers reaching towards the ceiling filled with delightful jelly-beans, marshmallows and coloured chocolate buttons are a treat to the eyes as well as the stomach, the chocolate fountain matches the steps of essay Los Angeles (UCLA) sweets and signals customers to dig in. It's not just the desserts, when visiting the Indian selection you are greeted by the unmistakable wafts of tumeric powder and write Windermere School, garam masala which have been liberally smothered all over the different tender, succulent meats. These aromas will be mingled with the pungent fragrances of the mutton biryani, dhal and halwa which leave you with the reminder to go back for seconds!
The restaurant however, does have its bad points just like any other restaurant, so let's dig into some of the reasons why I wouldn't give the restaurant full marks… The first being is that on training days with the first time waiters and waitresses forget simple orders, for example I once took a group of people to steps of essay University Los Angeles (UCLA) the restaurant for of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass Lowell (Navitas) a birthday party and the only request we made was that the waitress light the candles on steps the cake and journal critique School, bring it to the table in ten minutes. (She then never returned the University Los Angeles cake and never took the candles to essay School begin with!) Another waiter also forgot to writing of California, Los Angeles give us water even though we had ordered twice, but in all fairness for working the first time in Britain's largest restaurant you're bound to forget a few simple things. The next is that, the food is not always the best quality every day, one day you can have the best cooked meal you thought possible but the next time your order it's not. A time I went to the restaurant the tandoori chicken was horribly under-cooked and write an essay in english Windermere, was swimming in University Los Angeles (UCLA), a sickly sweet tomato sauce. Writing Assignment Help Ritz? Whilst the decor and surroundings of the restaurant are magnificent, the presences of dull floor tiles are down-hearting, and even deafening every time a customer's chair scratches against the floor tiles. Overall the writing of California, only real danger of going here is that you visit on a bad day and get less than satisfying service. For a cheap price and a large enough time limit for eating it won't seem that bad as all the food is fresh, properly labelled and have an immense assortment of foodstuff.
The waiters and writing articles Lowell — UMass (Navitas), waitresses don't rush you but do nicely remind you ten minutes before your time ends so you don't look embarrassed when they arrive with the bill and you have started another plate. I'd recommend this restaurant to any food lover of any age as the restaurant is family friendly and is great for a night out with friends. Of Essay Writing Of California, (UCLA)? The best reason why I would return is that there is article critique one event that sets this restaurant apart from all the rest, and that is that every month themed food from a far off country is set up in a special area, along with an expert chef transported to its kitchens for this one month to amaze you with their food! One of the greater advantages is that you can hold up to 1000 diners in one sitting which means that this place is great for parties of any occasion! Prices and of essay writing, times are. Lunch (11am to 5pm)*Mon – Thurs - ?8.99 / Fri Sat ?9.99. Dinner (5pm to essay writing Cesar Ritz Switzerland 11pm) Mon – Thurs - ?14.99 / Fri Sat ?16.90.
Sunday All day - ?12.99. Children's Prices - 0-4 year olds free / 5-11 year olds Half Price / 12 up Full Price. With the separate bar downstairs to of essay writing University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) avoid any disturbance from other customers eating upstairs open Bar - 11am - 12.30am all week, this makes the place very ideal and suited to any customer.
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Bank Internal Auditor Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for the post of Bank Internal Auditor. Of Essay! In many countries female auditors have less practical experience than male due to some domestic or locality reasons nonetheless they possess strong command on the main concept. Essay Pomfret School! A Bank Internal Auditor is mostly required in those organizations that are female oriented e.g. Writing University Los Angeles! female colleges, universities, banks and any other industry. This culture prevails primarily in Asia. How you can build a resume for female? we give you below a resume sample to help you create an impressive and convincing resume. Show all your practical experiences, and if it is writing University — UMass (Navitas) a big organization that you are applying for mention it clearly with either underline or in bold letters. Of California, (UCLA)! Always try to be honest and essay Pomfret School, clear while writing education and skills as mostly interviews are taken within the information provided in your resume data.
A good resume pays a vital role for a good job win. Bank Internal Auditor Resume Sample. Date of Birth : Day Month Year. Marital Status : Married. Visa Status : Husband Visa. Applied For: Bank Internal Auditor/Hotel Internal Auditor/Mall Internal Auditor/Professional Auditor. To pursue a challenging career in a progressive environment where learning, innovation and steps Los Angeles, creativity are encouraged, where my skills knowledge can be enhanced to their maximum potential to contribute to the overall success and essay School, growth of the organization. More than 2 Year Experience as Accountant and Audit Assistant in India. Proficient in Computer Applications [MS OFFICE, TALLY ERP 9]. Ability and skill to motivate co-employees resulted in the attainment of goals and objectives of the team. as Bank Internal Auditor.
Coordinate activities between the steps of essay writing University (UCLA), organization and the chief auditor for a successful audit Check revenue and expenses accounts to journal critique, judge the amount of total debts and credibility of the organization Make certain the balance sheets, assets liabilities, and profit and steps writing, loss accounts display the true financial position of the organization Compute the tax liability of the organization and support the organization in making tax payments on time. Verify the supporting documents of bills, receipts and reconciliation statements Find out any discrepancies within the documents and statements and essay writing assignment help Cesar Сolleges Switzerland, post relevant entries to make corrections. Reconciliation of Bank/Inter Company / Principal/Supplier Accounts Coordinate with auditors both internal external during audits. Inventory management include verification of of California, Los Angeles, New/Used/Work in Progress. Co-ordination with Auditors for the Finalisation and Windermere, preparation of the necessary schedules other documents for the Audit Periodical in steps house Statements from journal article Rossall, Trail Balance to Final Accounts consolidation of divisional/associated company accounts. Maintenance of accurate records in the proper manner and writing of California,, tracking the same and in english Windermere, capacity to steps of essay University (UCLA), draft the letters correspondence. Verification of Sales Bill and Supervising recording of sales entry Credit control and collection of accounts payables and receivables.
Prepare profit and freelance articles of Massachusetts Lowell, loss statements and monthly closing and steps writing of California, (UCLA), cost accounting reports. Compile and analyze financial information to prepare entries to accounts, such as general ledger accounts, and document business transactions Establish, maintain, and coordinate the implementation of accounting and accounting control procedures. Monitor and review accounting and related system reports for accuracy and completeness Handling Cash collection and book keeping Provide accounting policy orientation for new staff. Resolve accounting discrepancies Preparing day book, cash book and ledger. Responsible for writing articles University Lowell (Navitas), all the steps writing of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Local Purchase Order, Quotations, Enquiries, and other related correspondence. Prepare and writing articles of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell (Navitas), review budget, revenue, expense, payroll entries, invoices, and other accounting documents Preparing Journal Entries Preparing Bank reconciliation statement. Preparing monthly report for Manager Representing the organization before various statutory authorities Helping smooth internal audit Conducting stock audits. Expert in Computer Languages such as C++, Tally ERP Internet and Ms Office, Outlook, Excel, Word, PowerPoint) A Anantha Shankaran (Chartered Accountant) I am keen to continue my career and prepared to work hard in order to achieve my organization objectives and I hereby declare that the information furnished above is of essay writing of California, (UCLA) true to journal critique Rossall School, the best of my knowledge.
The resume sample is for the post of Senior Auditor. A Senior Auditor distinguishes himself due to his prevailing knowledge and tackling multiple assignment expertise. When an audit officer performs his duties in manufacturing units, processing units, banks and service units, he gathers plenty of of essay writing, valuable knowledge and skills. So for the post of senior audit officer employer’s main thinking is to hire a person with experience that he has earned during his big and multiple-type industrial encounters. Mostly Senior Auditors are required in those charted accountant professional firms or group of companies where they already have audit officers hence adding further challenges to your post as controlling, managing and University of Massachusetts (Navitas), maintaining your employees. Your application for of California, Los Angeles, this job must be perfect e.g. An Essay In English Windermere! your Senior Auditor Resume Sample, presentation, current world knowledge, related accounting standard, and up-to-date international market condition. So how you build a good resume for this challenging job? A sample is of essay writing of California, provided below to help you well-construct your resume. It is persuasive writing tips d'Overbroeck's started with an introduction followed by your objectives. (Career objective is very important for steps of California, (UCLA), this post so write it very carefully mentioning all your areas of expertise.) At the end of resume provide some references.
Seeking a long-term opportunity within the business community, where my professional experience, education, and abilities would be advantageous to the growth of my employer and myself. Around 6 years of help Cesar Ritz Switzerland, practical experience in the field of steps University of California, (UCLA), financial accounting, financial statements and reporting, bank reconciliations, project accounting, cost and management accounting, budgeting and Rugby School, planning, financial forecasting, accounts receivables/payable, and internal/external auditing. Worked in writing University (UCLA) leading multicultural organizations with expertise in: Accounts Receivable, Accounts Payable and Fixed assets management. University Essay Writing Pomfret! Finalization of quarterly, half yearly and full yearly financial statements in compliance with IFRS and GAAP. Reviewing of General Ledger (GL), Accounts payables (AP), Fixed Assets (FA) and Inventory at different clients. Expertise in following accounting tools and MS Office applications: Peachtree (Sage 50 Accounting) QuickBooks Tally ERP MS Excel, MS Word MS Power Point Article ship completed from Institute of steps University of California,, Chartered Accountants of magazine Rugby School, Pakistan. Demonstrated history of establishing accounts department, implementation of steps of essay University, financial policies and development of SOPs for articles University, different organizations. Reviewed and implemented following systems at different levels, Sales system Purchase system Inventory system. January 2014 to of essay writing of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), November 2014 Senior Accountant. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited. September 2011 to magazine article Rugby School, January 2014 Assistant Manager – Accounts Audit.
Supervisor – Audit Assurance. HLB International Chartered Accountants, Kabul, Afghanistan. June 2009 to September 2011 Senior Auditor. NEXIA International, Riaz Ahmad and Company. Chartered Accountants, Islamabad, Pakistan. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited, Islamabad, Pakistan. Senior Accountant January 2014 to November 2014. Dynamic Builders (Pvt) Limited stretches back its origin to 1990, is a combination of steps of essay Los Angeles, different task oriented entities engaged in an essay Windermere the business of construction and erection. The company through its advanced approach and techniques become one of the most developed construction companies of the country. The company has substantially increased its scope of work. Key Responsibilities and Duties.
Established and monitored the implementation and maintenance of accounting control procedure, Maintained general ledger, trial balance, profit and loss account, balance sheet and other financials Closing with full responsibility of the account receivable, account payable and fixed assets function, Ensured accurate and appropriate recording and analysis of revenues and of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), expenses, Analysed and advised on business operations including revenue and expenditure trends, financial commitments and future revenues, Made regular reports to the management on income, expenditure and writing help Cesar, any variations from budgets. HLB International , Ijaz Tabussum Co. Chartered Accountants, Kabul. Assistant Manager – Accounts Audit April 2013 to January 2014. Supervisor – Audit Assurance (Article Ship) September 2011 to April 2013. A member firm of HLB International stretches its origin back as far as 1970. The firm today, through successful growth, is a strong and independent practice with four offices in Pakistan. The company widened its scope to be a part of technology revolution resulting into the formation of steps writing (UCLA), Business Process Outsourcing arm. Key Responsibilities and Duties. During the journal School, period of 2.3 years with the of essay University Los Angeles (UCLA), firm, I was involved in various assignments in Assurance and Advisory Services.
The various sectors I worked in ranged from manufacturing industry to service industry. The assignments include full scope audits, internal controls, agreed upon procedure, bookkeeping, forensic auditing and special assignments. My services as “Assistant Manager Accounts Audit and Supervisor Audit Assurance” also include: Maintenance of accounting controls by establishing a chart of accounts; defining accounting policies and procedures, Preparation and supervision of monthly and quarterly Management Accounts i.e. Balance Sheet, Profit Loss and Cash Flow statement disclosures and other customized reports. Management of all income, expense, accounts receivable and fixed assets resources. Planning, execution and supervision of assignments of External Audits on various private, Public and essay assignment Ritz Сolleges, Government Clients. Allocation of audit team to of essay University of California, Los Angeles, different areas under audit. Review of audit work at initial stage.
Riaz Ahmad Company , NEXIA International, Chartered Accountants, Islamabad. Senior Auditor (Article Ship) June 2009 to magazine article writing, September 2011. A member firm of NEXIA International stretches its origin back as far as 1956. The firm today, through successful growth, is steps writing University Los Angeles (UCLA) a strong and independent practice with four offices in Pakistan. Previously it was a member firm of KPMG, Ernst Young International, KMG and Shaffer Champness International. Key Responsibilities and Duties. During the writing School, period of 2.3 years with the firm, I: Conducted assignments to review of accounting and internal control system. Supervised and administered maintenance of books of accounts and preparation of different level financial statements. Performed external audit services in accordance with the writing University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), approved International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), International Standards on Pomfret School, Auditing (ISAs) and local laws. MAJOR ASSIGNMENTS PPERFORMED.
Following is the list of steps writing, major clients handled during my stay at HLB and writing assignment help Cesar Switzerland, Nexia International Chartered Accountants: Date of writing University Los Angeles, Birth: 29.01.1979. Marital status: Married. Will be furnished upon request. Audit Assistant Manager Resume Sample. This resume sample is for the post of Executive Audit Manager. An Auditor’s post is considered to be very significant in the entire world.
For this post you must have proper knowledge of this field. An A.C.C.A. degree with article is essential. Mostly an critique, A.C.C.A. qualified person during his study audits different companies and University Los Angeles, organizations. Writing University Lowell (Navitas)! So while constructing your resume do discuss all your past experiences and credits, especially of those organization that are recognized worldwide. The employer is mostly interested in your past profile. Below we give you an effective sample that will help you how you can well construct a resume.
Down you will see guidance in explaining all key skills and areas where he have had great experience. And finally confidence is writing University Los Angeles always famous for university essay writing Pomfret School, turning things into your favor. Planning audits and developing audit strategies along with identification of potential risk areas. Identifying critical risks, systems’ evaluation and recommending improvements therein. Delegation and review of work and resolving issues in liaison with the steps Los Angeles, management. Preparing tax computations and magazine article School, reviewing their compliance with local laws and regulations. Checking that financial reports and records are accurate and reliable. Ensuring procedures, policies, legislation and regulations are correctly followed and complied with.
Co-ordination with professionals of steps of essay writing of California, Los Angeles, various fields including legal, actuarial and IT. University! Perform audit tasks monitoring team. Audit Assistant Manager Resume Sample. Experience: 3 Years in Accounts, Finance and Audit. Address Burjuman Dubai UAE. Visa Status: Visit Visa. To be a part of a dynamic reputed team of professionals striving for excellence in delivering quality services and products; inspiring mutual growth and contributing creative solutions towards the achievement of organizational targets. CA Finalist (1 paper Left to qualify) from Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and. Wales (ICAEW) – In progress. ACCA from Association of Chartered Certified Accountants UK – February 2012.
B.COM from University of of essay University, Sindh Jamshoro – July 2011. Higher Secondary Certificate – Intermediate Board Karachi – 2008. Secondary School Certificate – Matriculation Board Karachi – 2006. 3+ Years of experience in Accounts, Audit, Internal Audits and Business Analysis From Deloitte . Writing Articles University! Professionally qualified with ACCA (Association of Certified Chartered Accountants) and ICAEW(Institute of Chartered Accountancy of England and Wales (1 paper left) Have excellent skills in accounting can handle up to steps of California,, finalization Skilled in financial management, auditing, internal auditing costing and financial accounting, and intercompany reconciliations Experience of journal School, handling SOX Rules based Projects Self-motivated finance professional with achievements in budgetary control, cost reduction, controlling of finance and reporting to the top management Aware of Code of Corporate governance High proficiency in all aspects of International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) Strong grip on financial and business analysis and have good business sense Well versed in computerized accounting environment like MS Office with advanced spread sheet skills, Tally ERP, Quick Book and University of California, Los Angeles, Peach Tree. Adept at reviewing accounting records and other financial data to assess accuracy, completeness and conformance with company policies and applicable reporting standards. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Prepares asset, liability, and capital account entries by essay writing Pomfret compiling and analyzing account information. Documents financial transactions by of essay University Los Angeles (UCLA) entering account information. Recommends financial actions by analyzing accounting options. Summarizes current financial status by writing articles University of Massachusetts collecting information; preparing balance sheet, profit and loss statement, and other reports. Substantiates financial transactions by of essay Los Angeles auditing documents.
Maintains accounting controls by essay assignment help Cesar Ritz preparing and recommending policies and procedures. Guides accounting clerical staff by writing (UCLA) coordinating activities and answering questions. Reconciles financial discrepancies by collecting and analyzing account information. Secures financial information by articles of Massachusetts — UMass (Navitas) completing data base backups. Of Essay Writing University Of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)! Maintains financial security by following internal controls. Prepares payments by verifying documentation, and requesting disbursements. Answers accounting procedure questions by researching and interpreting accounting policy and regulations.
Complying with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Prepares special financial reports by collecting, analyzing, and summarizing account information and trends. Maintains customer confidence and protects operations by writing help Cesar Сolleges Switzerland keeping financial information confidential. Preparing Bank Reconciliations, Suppliers reconciliations and Receivables aging Analyze business operations, trends, costs, revenues, financial commitments, and steps writing University of California, Los Angeles, obligations, to project future revenues and persuasive writing, expenses or to provide advice. Develop, maintain, and analyze budgets, preparing periodic reports that compare budgeted costs to actual costs. Writing University Of California,! Develop, implement, modify, and document recordkeeping and accounting systems, making use of current computer technology. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Planning audits and developing audit strategies along with identification of potential risk areas Identifying critical risks, systems’ evaluation and critique School, recommending improvements therein Delegation and review of work and resolving issues in liaison with the management Preparing tax computations and reviewing their compliance with local laws and regulations Checking that financial reports and records are accurate and reliable Ensuring procedures, policies, legislation and steps of essay writing, regulations are correctly followed and complied with Co-ordination with professionals of various fields including legal, actuarial and IT Perform audit tasks monitoring team Performing Internal audits, special assignments , agreed upon procedures Establish, maintain, and coordinate the critique Rossall, implementation of accounting control procedures Monitoring and review accounting and related system reports for steps writing Los Angeles, accuracy and completeness Implementation of Accounting information and Internal Control System in School the Organization Ensuring compliance with the management policies and reviewing existing systems to identify any control weaknesses Ensuring whether the rules of SOX are applied properly Ensuring compliance with the code of corporate governance Assessment of the financial statements in order to ensure their compliance with the requirements of the local laws, Regulation and steps writing Los Angeles, International Financial reporting Standards (IFRS) Drafting reports for Internal clients , with experience of discussing findings with the top management of the client Reporting to Managers and Partners. and issuing Final Reports. Following is the list of clients handled: Visa Worldwide Singapore PTE Limited Dalda Foods Private Limited Wazir Ali Industries Limited (WIL) Tuwairqi Steel Mills limited TSML Salfi Textile Mills Limited Island Textile Mills Limited Diamond International Corporation limited Tata Textile Mills Limited National Industrial Parks Development Management Company (NIP) United Bank Limited.
TECHNICAL PROFESSIONAL SKILLS: QUICK BOOKS, TALLY , PEACH TREE MS-EXCEL, MS-WORD, MS-POWER POINT Aware of Deloitte Software AS 2 User level knowledge of writing of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell (Navitas), different ERPs used by client Can work under pressure and meet deadlines Have excellent communication interpersonal skills Self-motivated, comfortable in steps of essay writing Los Angeles (UCLA) taking initiative and working independently. Attended various professional development seminars and magazine Rugby, training sessions including Deloitte Audit Methodology and updates in steps writing ISAs /IFRSs . Completed mandatory and optional training courses arranged by Employer regarding updating IFRS/ISAs, Industry specific courses, Financial management courses, Ethics based courses . D'Overbroeck's! Working at the Deloitte Pakistan Firm has enabled me to develop comprehensive understanding of the competitive and regulatory environments of diversified industries and the accounting and internal control systems implemented at various organizations. During my training period at firm I was engaged as member of audit team senior for of essay writing University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), special assignments, Internal Audits and agreed upon procedures, of articles University of Massachusetts — UMass (Navitas), various renowned listed and other clients. This is a sample resume for Internal Auditor. Steps Of Essay Los Angeles! An Internal Auditor’s job is to keep a check and balance on the sale and purchase of the company.
He monitors and accounts the different transactions made by university writing Pomfret School the company throughout the of essay writing University, year. University Essay Writing School! As this job is pretty responsible one so the employer would want to hire an employee with some experience in this field. Writing (UCLA)! Below we have devised a resume sample for essay writing Cesar Сolleges, you to of essay writing University Los Angeles (UCLA), help you explain yourself in an easy but impressive and grasping way. Adding previous credits and performances is magazine writing Rugby School definitely a plus for the employer’s attention. Last Post: Internal Auditor / Trainee Audit Officer.
“To seek a challenging dynamic career oriented position, in the field of Accounting, Audit and Finance that offers opportunity for my professional growth and development and where I can add value in achieving organizations’ goals objectives, by utilizing my experience, knowledge skills”. DESIGNATION : Accounts Officer. Reconciled Hospital Inventory Fixed Assets additions from January 2014 To July 2014. Reported other income to Assistant Finance Manager from January 2013 to July 2014 Submitted Revenue and Operating Expenses break-up summary to Management from January 2014 to steps of essay of California, (UCLA), September 2014. DESIGNATION : General Accountant. Responsible for Assets and inventory management accounting. (Depreciation, Amortization, Repair Maintenance, Up-gradation Disposals, write off obsolete stock etc.) Responsible for magazine writing, Liquidity, Cash Flow Working Capital management. Steps Writing University! (Cash/ Bank Balances, Debtors, Inventories Suppliers payments Management) Recognized managed Gratuity, Leave Salary, Air fare, Trade and Other Creditors Provisions and Liabilities in Financial Statements according to applicable UAE Labor law and IAS. Responsible for Group Consolidated Revenue, Expenses, Accruals, Reconciliation Payroll recognition management. Finalized monthly, quarterly and annually Audit Files and year end closing entries in Financials and organized managed financial information Documentations. Responsible for Group projects costing (related to Material, Labor Assets) Variance Analysis (Material price and articles Lowell (Navitas), usage, Labor rate and efficiency and Assets rates, efficiency and usage variances). DESIGNATION : Internal Auditor. Reported accounts staff deficiencies in steps of essay University Los Angeles expenses recognition and amortization of prepaid expenses to CEO.
Evaluated internal control deficiencies and article, provide recommendation for improvements to writing University of California, Los Angeles, CEO. Evaluated group’s financial statements integrity, completeness and accuracy by monitoring adherence and compliance of financial statements principles, policies and procedures to International Accounting Standards and international financial reporting standards. Evaluated Group’s resources and operations economy, efficiency and effective (3E’s) and reported misuse of resources and abuse towards SOP’s. Communicated with group’s external auditor for quarterly and year end audit. Assisted in preparation of monthly depreciation schedules for School Building, classroom and office furniture. Followed up and updated books of article School, accounts for steps of essay of California,, tuition fee receivable from students.
Recorded and updated accounts department records, Files and Documentations systematically and as per policies and procedures of Organization. Assisted in essay assignment Сolleges the monthly, quarterly, and year end closing of accounts. Prepared, managed and documented export related documentsg. Steps! Commercial invoices, packing lists. Associated with opening, Endorsement, Retirement and magazine article School, Management of Letter of steps writing University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Credits (LC). Encoded Advance Payments to suppliers in Local and Foreign Currencies. Achieved 98% marks (Highest Ever) in theoretical Knowledge test, for essay writing Pomfret School, the position of accountant in Emirates Petrochemical Services Scaffolding Group. Got employment confirmation within 3 months (of total 6 months) probation period along with promotion (from “Accountant” to “Accountant General”) with 20% salary increment in of essay writing University of California, Los Angeles Emirates petrochemical Services Scaffolding Group.
Implemented rationale Customer Screening process for Trading division of Emirates Petrochemical Services Scaffolding Group (which accounted for 20% of critique, Group revenue) for reduction in risk of Bad Debts. Successfully executed “ CUSTOMIZED PETTY CASH ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE” in administration department of Group which helped to encode petty cash transactions systematically and generated timely MIS reports for writing Los Angeles (UCLA), management, along with proper system generated documentations. Will be furnished on demand. Working Capital, Voucher, Treasury Petty Cash Management. Stock Control Inventory Management. Planning Budgeting Forecasting.
Payroll Processing Management. Payments and Settlements. International Standards on Auditing. International Accounting Standards. Fixed Asset Management. Financial Statement Analysis. Corporate Tax Filings. Capital Rationing Budgeting. Costing Variance analysis. Provisions Liabilities Management. Finance Control Manager Resume Sample.
This resume is a sample for the post of Financial Control Manager. A Financial Controller plays a very important role in the prosperity of a company or an organization.He performs several major responsibilities including supervising, administration and Finance areas with reporting to local management and to headquarters. Write An Essay Windermere School! Management information system reports, Cash Flow management and of essay of California, (UCLA), facilitating financial problems for customers. Accounting, Costing, Forecasting, Budgeting and Credit monitoring related to Collections. Sample of Financial Control Manager is given below to help you create a convincing resume. Your resume must entails that you are talented with great moral character. Finally adding references to a resume is definitely go in to stand your (Finance Control Manager ) resume out among others. Finance Control Manager Resume Sample. Status : Married/ Single. Applied For: Finance Control Officer/Budget Manager/Deputy Finance Manager/Financial Flow Manager. Interested in a challenging position as an Audit Manger/Finance Manager with a reputed organization where I can put to practice my management and audit skills and further my career and Experience.
Ability to work in dynamic environment, self- motivated, creative and hard working.V.Good internal audit, financial analysis ability and make comparison analyses and V.Good in writing Rugby business development and alternate investment preparation. 15 years experience work in MNC auditing and accounting field (Auditing Finance) of writing (UCLA), Hospitality, Real Estate , Contracting, Manufacturing and article critique Rossall, Trading Companies), V Good in University Los Angeles risk assessments, compliance and control and essay writing assignment help Cesar Сolleges Switzerland, also have V.Good analysis ability, Good knowledge of all financial aspects of steps of essay University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), a business including Budgets, Variance and Cash Flows, Trial Balance and Balance. V.Good background of IAS and GAAP. Current position : Asst.CFO. Current Company : A.H Group of writing, Companies Sharjah-UAE. M.Com (Masters of Commerce)-Auditing and Costing .Osmania University Hyderabad. CIFP (Certified Islamic Finance Professional ) Shariah and Islamic Finance from INCEIF Malaysia.
MA (Masters in Public Administration) Completed first year and discontinued final. Steps Writing University Of California,! Osmania University. Completed 3 Years of Article ship from Institute of Charted Accountant of India with Giri Kumar Associates. Diploma in Management Accountancy sponsored Program me. Completed course in Bank Operations at Mahesh Bank -Hyderabad Currently pursuing CIA. MH Group of Companies: Diversified group consists of Real Estate, Hospitality, Contracting, Manufacturing and Trading /April 1997 – 2001 as. Financial Control Cum Internal Auditor. The company is branch of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, Qatar, Spain and German, company, and specialized in manufacturing pipes, A/c chillers and consists of 5 hotels in Sharjah and 4000 commercial and residential units for Middle East region.
Reporting to the Audit Manager in Kuwait. Conduct audit filed work as per audit plan and schedule. Audit planning, execution filed work,Ensuring audit is conducted in accordance with audit programs, Evaluate and document the essay writing tips College, client’s accounting and internal control system, Designed and carried out tests of of California,, control and substantive tests, Assuring compliance with financial reporting statutory framework. Draft audit report and file audit papers accordingly. Magazine Article Writing! Reviewed audit work done by other junior staff.
Conducted various types of audits : Operational Audit Finance Audit, Cost Audit, Financial Reporting Audit and Special Audit. Controls Audit Risk Assessment. Consulting or special audits A.H Group of Companies: Finance Supervisor (Manager) for UAE Operations. The tasks focuses on market, insurance, operation risk, credit and liquidity risk and also oversee the control environment and of essay University (UCLA), provide early warning solutions regarding risk or control issues. The tasks also include substantial exposure to School, senior management, where you I have to bolster business decisions with expert opinions. The tasks also include developing audit strategies into effective audit procedures, generating and implementing ideas to University of California, Los Angeles, maximize assignment profitability, the main tasks will be to produce assignment budgets and timetables, identify efficiency improvements and to coach other members of staff. Finance Manager along with Audit Supervisor/April 2005 – Present.
Reporting MD, DMD CFO. Additional Main responsibilities: -Budgeting, Forecasting Report, – Manage the Team of auditors and supervise and finalize reports and communicate. – Supervise and resource allocation as per available audit resources and conduct training. – Risk assessment and finalize risk priorities and maintain risk register. -Follow-up recommendation with management for corrective action. – Prepare Financial Statement, reports, analysis as per management direction. -Monitor group financial activates, receipts, disbursements and prepare daily report. – Monthly Report of CGS, and Result of operating Activities, – Monitor Bank Transfer, Loan portfolio and facilities funding and write, non-funding and. – Maintain group cash flow, short term borrowing and terms loan repayments (treasury management)
Long term loans follow up in University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) terms of magazine article writing School, repayments, interest and cash flow. – Monitor and prepare reports on Banks Reconciliation for the major transactions of group. -Presentations of projects, feasibility, investment proposals and business development. – Prepare Costing Report, Analyses Report, Projected Monthly Cash Flow. -Review facility management contracts of substantial value and major procurement. -V.Good background of International Accounting Standard, and GAAP, – V.Good communication skills with accounting staff other related Department. : V.Good in Oracle Programming, Visual Basic and steps (UCLA), MS Access.
:Well aware of ERP structure and learn course in Oracle Financial and an essay, Oracle Data Base Administration. Well aware with hardware and web based technology. Apex Hospitals Ltd: Sr. Financial Accountant. Both In-patient and Out-patient. Book Keeping and writing University (UCLA), general accounting, costing and regular accounting functioning up to finalization. Preparing cash flow, receivable management, disbursements, handling bank and freelance Lowell Lowell (Navitas), its related matters, external auditors and preparing various reports for decision making process. Daily hospital report to MD on finance, patient management, Housekeeping, medical legal cases, pharmacy issues and other administrative issues.
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advantages essay This lesson is about IELTS advantage disadvantage essay questions when you are told to assess whether the benefits of something outweigh the drawbacks. The topic of the essay which is used as an example is about the trend to live and work abroad. Take a look at of essay writing Los Angeles the essay question we are going to analyse: People now have the freedom to magazine writing work and live anywhere in the world due to the development of communication technology and transportation. Do the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages? When you have this type of advantage disadvantage essay it is important to distinguish between this and one that asks you to discuss advantages and disadvantages but does not ask your opinion.
If you are asked “ What are the advantages and disadvantages ofЂ¦.. ” you are not being asked your opinion. You simply have to discuss the benefits and drawbacks. Steps Writing (UCLA)? You could do this in two body paragraphs Ђ“ one discussing the positive points, the next discussing the negative points. However, if you have the word “ outweigh ” or “ Will this trend have more positive or negative effects? ” then you are being asked for magazine article writing Rugby School, your opinion and you must say which there are the most of Ђ“ positive or negative impacts. If you do not do this then you may get your score reduced on writing Los Angeles ‘ Task Response ’ for not fully addressing the question. If you look at university writing Pomfret the IELTS public band descriptors (available to download if you do an internet search or available from your local IELTS centre), you will see that this could reduce your band to a 5 for this criteria (it would not necessarily affect the other three criteria). (Check this lesson on IELTS Band 7 for an overview of the criteria for getting a band 7 if you are unsure of what the criteria are). Take a look at these examples: People now have the freedom to work and live anywhere in the world due to the development of communication technology and transportation. What are the steps writing of California, Los Angeles advantages and disadvantages of this trend?
This advantage disadvantage essay is not asking for university essay writing, your opinion. You could simply write one paragraph on the advantages and another on the disadvantages. Of California, Los Angeles? However, this one does: People now have the essay writing assignment Ritz freedom to work and live anywhere in the world due to the development of communication technology and transportation. Do the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages? Will this have more positive or negative impacts? Another point to be careful of is using the word ‘ outweigh ’. It is common for steps of essay, IELTS students to journal article critique get mixed up when they write the thesis statement, and actually say the opposite to what they write in the essay! For example, they will say the drawbacks outweigh the benefits, but then give more benefits in the essay. This makes no sense. So if you are not sure you can use the word correctly, I would recommend not using it in writing this type of IELTS advantage disadvantage essay. You can just say what your opinion is, as in the thesis in the model answer: I believe that this has more benefits than drawbacks.
This will avoid any mistakes. You then need to think of 3 supporting ideas . One for essay Pomfret School, one side and two for the other side. So you will then have three body paragraphs, one with the drawback / benefit and two with the advantages / disadvantages. It is common academic practice to steps of essay University of California, (UCLA) start with the opposing opinion to yours, so you can start with the point that you have one idea for. As explained above, it is very important, especially if you are looking for a band 7 or higher, that your opinion reflects what is in your essay. So if you have said there are more benefits, then you would have two benefits and journal critique Rossall School one drawback.
Now take a look at the advantage disadvantage essay model answer. Model Advantage Disadvantage Essay#xa0; You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic: People now have the freedom to work and live anywhere in the world due to of essay writing Los Angeles (UCLA) the development of communication technology and transportation. Do the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge. Write at essay Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland least 250 words. University Of California, (UCLA)? These days many people choose to live or work in other countries, which has been made possible because of the essay convenience of air travel and modern communications. I believe that this has more benefits than drawbacks. The disadvantage of this development is the distance that is put between family members. If a person moves away it is University of California, (UCLA), true that air travel and devices such as skype mean that communication and contact can be maintained. However, it is likely that a person will only be able to return one or two times a year during holidays, and essay writing speaking on skype or via email is steps of essay University, not the same as face-to-face contact.
Despite this, there are significant advantages it can bring to writing articles University of Massachusetts — UMass people’s lives. Firstly, it means that people have the opportunity to writing of California, Los Angeles see other parts of the world and the way people live. For example, people from the an essay Windermere School West often go to work in Asia or the Middle East and visa-versa. This enriches many people’s lives as they get to learn about other languages, traditions, cultures and different ways of working from their own country. . In addition to this, on a wider level it may also benefit other countries. If someone moves abroad for work, it is usually because their skill is required there. Writing University Los Angeles? To illustrate, nurses and Doctors often move to work in hospitals in other countries when there is a shortage, so this is very valuable to critique Rossall School the place they move to. I would therefore argue that although there are disadvantages of the current trend to University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) live and work abroad, they are outweighed by School, the advantages. It can enrich people’s lives and steps of essay writing of California, lives of the people in the countries that they move to. Writing University (Navitas)? . Steps Writing Of California, Los Angeles? As you can see in the essay, the writer believes there are more benefits so the persuasive essay d'Overbroeck's College essay is biased towards this opinion, giving more advantages than disadvantages. The opinion is very clear, and repeated in steps of essay writing the conclusion, and the body of the magazine School essay reflects this opinion so there will be no confusion when someone reads it. Writing Los Angeles (UCLA)? Other Ways to Answer the Question. Writing Assignment Help Cesar Сolleges Switzerland? This is not to suggest that this method is the only way to (UCLA) answer this type of question.
There could be other ways. For example, some people advise to write two body paragraphs - one on the advantages and another on the disadvantages, then in the conclusion state which one outweighs the other. You can do this, but it can look at bit odd if you write about writing articles — UMass, them equally, but then say there are more of one than the other! A conclusion can be cleverly worded to make this work, but that is of essay writing University Los Angeles, a high level skill that many candidates do not have. You could write only magazine School about the advantages or only about disadvantages and argue that one vastly outweights the of California, Los Angeles other. However, the fact that the question uses 'outweigh' or 'more' is suggesting that there are both benefits and drawbacks. The benefit of organising your advantage disadvantage essay as illustrated in this lesson is that by looking at both sides, you will have more ideas to brainstorm . And importantly, your opinion is clear and this is reflected in the essay , which is magazine writing Rugby School, balanced to reflect and support your opinion. A model answer for this essay will be posted shortly so watch this space, or sign up using the form on the right to be notifed when there are updates to the site. Now you can have a practice.
Try to answer this advantage disadvantage essay question: More and of essay writing University (UCLA) more students are choosing to study at colleges and article universities in steps of essay writing University Los Angeles foreign countries. Essay? Do the benefits of studying abroad outweigh the drawbacks? A model answer for this essay will be posted shortly so watch this space, or sign up using the form on the right to be notifed when there are updates to the site. Steps Of Essay Writing University Of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)? Improve your writing score quickly. Have you found this page useful? If so you may be interested in write an essay School our top selling writing eBooks ! The books are beautifully written and are just as they say on the cover - a step-by-step guide. I highly recommend them! #xa0; Home Ђє IELTS Lessons Ђє Advantage Disadvantage Essay Lesson. Steps? Oct 02, 17 12:12 PM.
You are going to another country to study. You would like to university Pomfret School do a part-time job while you are studying, so you want to ask a friend who lives there for. September 2017 - Brainstorming and Planning an Essay. Oct 01, 17 04:32 PM. I sent you an essay question last Friday and asked you to come up with a plan to University answer the question. This was the magazine article writing Rugby School essay question: The best way to understand. Multinational Organisations and Culture Essay. Oct 01, 17 04:11 PM. Multinational Organisations and Culture Essay: Improve you score for IELTS Essay writing by studying model essays.
Brainstorming and Planning an Essay. Writing a Thesis Statement. Writing an IELTS Essay Conclusion. Copyright and copy; IELTSbuddy 2011-2017 All rights reserved#xa0;
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Direct Seeding Literature Review Essay. The world’s total forest area is just over 4 billion hectares, which corresponds to an average of University Los Angeles (UCLA) 0.6 ha per capita (Figure 1). The five most forest-rich countries (the Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, the United States of writing University Lowell America and China) account for more than half of the total forest area. Deforestation – mainly the conversion of of essay writing of California, (UCLA) tropical forest to agricultural land – shows signs of decreasing in several countries. Around 13 million hectares of forest were converted to other uses or lost through natural causes each year in the last decade. At a regional level, South America suffered the largest net loss of forests between 2000 and 2010 – about persuasive essay writing tips d'Overbroeck's College 4.0 million hectares per year – followed by Africa, which lost3.4 million hectares annually (Figure 5). Writing? Oceania also reported a net loss of forest (about 700 000 ha per year over the period 2000–2010), mainly due to essay assignment help Cesar Сolleges Switzerland, large losses of forests in Australia, where severe drought and of essay University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), forest fires have exacerbated the loss of forest since 2000. Essay Writing Assignment Cesar Ritz Сolleges Switzerland? Asia, which had a net loss of steps of essay writing (UCLA) forest of writing articles University of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell some 600 000 ha annually in the 1990s.
Need of Forest Restoration: Within the last ten years, tropical rainforests have been destroyed at of essay writing University (UCLA), an annual rate of 0.8% of area (Whitemore, 1997). Freelance Articles University (Navitas)? So this things brings to of essay of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), human being to think about the university School forest restoration. Forest restoration is defined as “actions to re-instate ecological processes, which accelerate recovery of forest structure, ecological functioning and biodiversity levels towards those typical of climax forest” Various forest restoration methods have been developed, for instance, the steps writing University of California, accelerated natural regeneration ( ANR) (Jansen and Pfeifer , 1989), The Framework Species method(Goosem Tucker, 1995) and university Pomfret School, The Maximum Species Diversity method. The ANR method is University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Effective where natural regeneration is already underway. Eliminates nursery and tree planting costs. Relatively cheap – Capitalizes on “free” ecological services US$ 1,400/ha. The Framework Species method is suitable where native vegetation is close by. Its only need a single planting and it is self sustaining.
In the Maximum Species Diversity method a large percentage of species are from the mature phase and primary promoters are avoided. The major disadvantage of this method slower growth rate and post planting management is required. Now a days there is some evidence that , reforestation plays a key role in the long term of restoration of landscape functioning, as well as social and economic development. Reforestation can catalyses and induce succession of forest ecosystems using native species (Parrotta, 2000). Direct Seeding: An ancient method of establishing trees is by sowing seeds directly where the journal critique future trees are required.
In many circumstances, this method is steps writing superior to the traditional method of planting nursery-raised plants. In several tropical countries, the writing Pomfret School demand for reforestation is steps of essay Los Angeles often not met due to limited resources. Supplementing traditional planting with direct seeding can enable these countries to increase reforestation. Direct seeding is write an essay in english a regeneration method of sowing seeds directly where the future trees are required, whether it is for forest plantations, shelterbelts or in agroforestry. Of Essay Writing? In this way the journal article Rossall School laborious task of steps University raising nursery plants and transplanting them to the planting site is omitted. Direct seeding offers various interesting possibilities e.g. the ability to rapidly increase the area being forested or the ability to journal Rossall School, provide rural people with an inexpensive method to University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), obtain benefits from trees. History of Direct Seeding: Direct seeding has over the last 50 years gained in importance, especially in North America and China where large areas have been direct seeded from helicopters or aero planes. Direct seeding from the air has been widely used in China where more than 15 million ha have been reforested between 1956 and 1985 (Xinhua Jingchun, 1988). In the developed countries more than 1?2 million ha were reported to be direct seeded in write in english Windermere, 1974 or about 20 % of the area being planted (Appleroth, 1975).
Direct seeding in the tropics is less reported compared with the subtropics (Australia and of essay writing University, USA) or the temperate regions (USA, Canada and Scandinavia). Trials have been carried out and reported from various tropical countries for example Indonesia, Philippines, India, Central America, Northern Australia and the Sahel in Africa. Direct seeding in the tropics has been carried out many times without the results ever being published. In the dry tropics traditional forestry is limited and most trees are raised in connection with agriculture. Here, direct seeding already plays an important role, this could increase in the future by being implemented in afforestation and in establishment of shelterbelts. In the humid tropics it appears that direct seeding is less common, probably due to many tree species having recalcitrant seeds and competition with weeds being fiercer. Nevertheless direct seeding has the ability to contribute significantly to tropical forestry in the future, probably not as the main regeneration method but as a method that under certain circumstances is superior to other methods. The following will describe various scenarios where direct seeding is employed in the tropics. Advantages of Direct Seeding: Most forest restoration projects involve planting nursery raised tree seedlings,, but this is most labor and capital intensive method of forest restoration.
Seed collection, raising seedlings in a nursery, planting and magazine, maintaining planted saplings until they can establish and become independent all require substantial labor inputs (Hardwick et al., 2000). Steps Of Essay Los Angeles (UCLA)? Furthermore root deformities caused by transplanting techniques can reduce sapling survival in the field ( Zangkum, 19980). The Potential advantages of direct seeding over other plantation establishment techniques include cost savings associated with nursery care and planting as well as the write Windermere School possibility that trees established by this means may develop more naturally or quickly, than would transplanted seedlings or cuttings( Engel Parrotta,2001). The Eden Project in Niger is recommending direct seeding as an writing University (UCLA) appropriate method of Rugby School establishing trees where water is scarce (Eden Foundation, 2000). It is claimed that nursery plant use precious irrigation water, whereas direct seeding carried out prior to or during the rainy season does not need irrigation. They further maintain that plantation established by steps University Los Angeles, direct seeding tend to produce extensive root system, whereas the persuasive essay above ground shoots grow more slowly. In contrast seedlings in nurseries tend to produce large shoots and have to be irrigated or they they will suffer high mortality, whereas plants that established through direct seeding are more likely to be able to reach moisture remaining in the soil after rainy season.(Oschner,2001). Of Essay University Los Angeles? This was quantified by Samba (1992) who sowed the magazine writing seeds of Faidherbia albida at the same time as planting as planting nursery raised plants. Four months after sowing direct seeded plants were about of essay writing University (UCLA) twice as tall and had a mean dry root mass 25 times higher than that of the nursery raised plants.
The disadvantages of Direct Seeding: The significant disadvantages of direct seeding that can outweigh these advantages include low germination survival percentages, seedling mortality associated with weed competition and also poor weather condition (Evans, 1982). Steven stated that the results of direct seeding are affected by a number of factors including species, soil conditions, site preparation and techniques for seed germination. Garwood (1989) pointed out that seed destructed by animals also plays a key role in reducing seed germination. Direct Seeding in different purposes: Direct deeding can used for many purposes like for plantation, restoration, in mine spoils rehabilitation, in agro forestry. Negreros et al., 2003 worked in Mexico to restore the Pomfret area by Mahogany seeds. Because this is very valuable for timber.
He found that Burying Mahogany seeds were clearly better than sowing them on steps writing of California,, the soil surface and writing articles University of Massachusetts, it yields double comapared to of essay of California, Los Angeles, sowing method. For restoration purposes by direct seeding method, Tunjai and Elliott (2011) found that seed trait is very important to achieve the goal of forest restoration by this method. They said Large or intermediate sized seeds, Round or oval seeds, Medium or low moisture content seeds showed good establishment when they sowed in the field for magazine article writing School, forest restoration purposes. For mine site rehabilitation Parrotta and Knowles(2001) found that In term of species richness, densities and life span over 40 years Direct seeding got the most priority. They experimented with four forest restoration techniques and direct seeding showed the good result for rehabilitation mine site in Brazil. Factors effecting seed germination when applied by direct seeding: Seed germination is the activation of the of essay writing Los Angeles (UCLA) metabolic machinery of the freelance articles University Lowell Lowell embryo, leading to the emergence of a new seedling ( Poulsen and Stubsgaard, 1995).
Seeds of steps of essay writing Los Angeles some species do not germinate due to hard seeed coats hindering intake of water ( Baskin Baskin, 1998). Seed treatments can be applied to writing of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass Lowell (Navitas), break dormancy and improve the writing University seed coat permeability. For germination to be initiated three conditions must be fulfilled: first seeds must be viable that the embryo must be alive and help Сolleges, capable of germination. Second, the seed must be subjected to a proper environmental conditions, available water, proper temperatures, a supply of oxygen and sometimes light. Third dormancy must be overcome. Writing University Of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)? ( Poulsen and Stubsgaard, 1995).However seed treatments can be applied to break dormancy and improve seed coat permeability such as scarification, soaking in water or boiling in hot water or hot sand.( Hardwick Elliott,1992). Problems with weeds: Studies conducted by Sun, Dickson and Bragg ( 1995) in Australia, found that the survival and early growth of writing Rugby Alphitonia petriei through direct seeding are largely affected by weed competition and site conditions. The death of germinated seedlings, a few weeks after germination in of California,, the plots where weeds remained undisturbed through out the in english experiment, was mot likely due to the effects of competition for light from the existing weeds. Results from steps writing both the university essay Pomfret glasshouse and steps of essay University of California,, field experiments also indicate that weed compition severely limited the early growth of in english Windermere School Alphitonia. Frequent weeding is necessary during the early growth phase.(Engel Parrotta 2001). Problems with predation:
Seed predation can be severe and looses up to 100% have been reported. (Crawley, 1992). Seed predation has identified as one of the biotic barriers to natural forest regeneration in the abandoned Amazon pasture derived from rainforest ( Nepstad et al., 1991). Garwood (1989) pointed out that seed destructed by animals also play vital roles in reducing seed germination. However Crouch And Radwan (1975) recommending seed coating and pelleting against seed predators. But little is known about writing Los Angeles this technique in tropical situation. The study of Woods and Elliott (2004) was designed based on article critique School, the premise that scarifying seeds before sowing them in the fields cleared of weeds would shorten seed dormancy to of essay writing (UCLA), decrease the time available for magazine School, seed predation to occur and that burial conceals seeds from potential predator. They found that ants were the only predator observed. Seeds buried or covered by mulch were better able to escape seed predation by ants or other types of predation. The results from Sun et al., 1995 showed that compacted and eroded soils are inhospitable to the establishment of A. petriei seedlings. So,at this point site preparation is necessary to overcome this problem. Points to achieve succession of using direct seeding:
Sun et al.1995 conclude that weed control and maintenance of nutrient levels are essential for success. Engel and Parrotta (2001) suggested that what is required is a more systematic screening of potential species and their response to direct seeding under field conditions and steps of essay of California, (UCLA), evaluation of coast associated with plantation establishment and aftercare. Seed quality is also other concern, using fresh seeds collected from several parent trees growing on sites where soil and climatic conditions are similar to those being reforested and an essay in english Windermere, planting should be carried on high rainfall. Of Essay Writing University? Woods and Elliott suggested that seeds should be sown in tha field immediately after fruit collection if possible. In order to minimize seed storage, species selected for dirct seeding should fruit at the beginning of the rainy season when direct seeding is most likely to be successful. Areas where direct Seeding could get an freelance writing Lowell — UMass Lowell (Navitas) importence: Many tropical species have recalcitrant seeds, e.g. most trees in the dipterocarp family. This means that the steps University (UCLA) seeds deteriorate rapidly after collection and can only be stored for help Cesar Ritz, a short period. If transport and temporary storage can be reduced to a minimum by processing the seedlot at the collection site before direct seeding the seeds at the planned site, the whole operation may be done in fewer days compared to a solution with a central processing centre and a nursery. This solution should result in a seedlot with better germination and steps of essay writing (UCLA), possibly a higher overall percentage of established plants.
In areas with seasonal rains, recalcitrant seeds are adapted to ripen at the start of the rainy season and germinate soon after dispersal from the mother plant. Time for direct seeding will thus naturally be at University of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass Lowell (Navitas), the beginning of the wet season, just after collection of the seeds, where the rains will provide a good start for the seedlings. In contrast, nursery stock has to be planted out a year after seed collection at the onset of the next rainy season or alternatively at a time where drought can hinder the growth and survival of the steps of essay writing University Los Angeles seedlings. Many species will reach a fair size after a year in the nursery, resulting in more costly transport and planting of nursery stock compared to direct seeding. An Essay In English School? In Southeast Asia large areas of former rain forest lands have been turned into imperata (Imperata cylindrica) grassland, due to steps of essay writing of California, (UCLA), failure of reforestation. In Indonesia alone the latest estimate of magazine writing Rugby Imperata grasslands is 8,6 million ha (Garrity et al.
1997). In these areas it is difficult for trees to University Los Angeles, establish naturally due to annual fires. Direct seeding in connection with constructing fire-belts could perhaps offer an alternative method to reforest these areas. In a trial in Jamaica a variety of trees was successfully established on grassland (Roshetko et al. 1991, 1991). It was concluded that trees can be established by assignment, direct seeding even with heavy grass competition, providing that monthly weeding is carried out until trees reach a competitive size. Steps Of Essay Writing Of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)? In a Nigerian trial Gliricidia sepium was both planted and university writing Pomfret, direct seeded in Panicum maximum pastures after mechanical seedbed preparation (Cobbina 1994).
Although planting showed better results, direct seeding could still offer a worthwhile alternative if expenses are taken into account. Steps Of Essay University Of California, (UCLA)? In order to compete with the imperata grass it would be sensible to start the reforestation with fast growing exotic tree species for example Acacia spp., Leucaena, Cajanus cajan or Sesbania spp. Essay Writing Pomfret? In order to obtain more valuable forest products planting or direct seeding of native primary forest species such as dipterocarps could be carried out at a later stage when the grasses have been outcompeted. Otsamo (2000) reported that native trees can be establish in the understorey of fast growing plantation species; he found 63 tree species in plantations on Borneo, which was established on former Imperata grasslands. Costs and benefits:
Angel and Parrotta (2001) reported that the writing University of California, establishment and magazine article Rugby School, maintenance cost of direct seeding of five species in Brazil during the 2 years study period averaged 747-912 US $ per writing of California, hectare. This cost compare favorably with those for freelance articles of Massachusetts — UMass (Navitas), plantation establishment and maintenance at this site using nursery grown seedlings of native tree species in other plantation treatments include in same project , which averaged1200- 1500 US $.(Unpublished data).Therefore direct seeding in this project can reduce about University Los Angeles (UCLA) 63% compared with the persuasive essay writing tips d'Overbroeck's plantation using nursery grown seedlings. Appelroth, S.E. (1975). Work study aspects of planting and direct seeding in. forestry.
In Symposium Stand Establishment; Proceedings, p. 202-269. Engel, V. L. and J. Writing Of California, Los Angeles? Parrotta, 2001. An evaluation of magazine writing Rugby School direct seeding for reforestation of degraded lands in central Sao Paulo state, Brazil. Forest Ecology an Management 152:169-181. Garwood, N.C.1989. Tropical soil seed banks. In: M.A. Leck, V.T. Parker and R.L. Simpson (Eds.).
Ecology of soil seed banks. Academic press Newyork, 149-210. Goosem, S. and N.I.I. Tucker.1995. Repairing the rainforest. Theory and practice of rainforest re establishment. Wet tropics management authority. Writing University Of California, (UCLA)? Cairns, Queensland, Australia.72 pp.
Hardwick K (1999) Tree colonization of abandoned agricultural clearings in seasonal tropical montane forest in nothern Thailand. In, vol. Doctor of university essay writing Pomfret School Philosophy. University of Wales, Bangor,p 168. Jansen, C.L. and steps of essay writing University Los Angeles (UCLA), S. Pfeifer.1989. Assisted natural regeneration: a new reforestation approach. USAID report prepared for persuasive d'Overbroeck's College, the development of environment and natural resources. Government of the Philippines 22pp. Negreros CP, Hall RB (1996) First-year results of partial overstory removal and steps of California, Los Angeles, direct seeding of write an essay in english School mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) in Quintana Roo, Mexico. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 3:65-76 Negreros, C. P. and R. B. Hall, 1996.
First-year results of partial overstory removal and direct seeding of of essay University Los Angeles (UCLA) mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) in Quintana Roo, Mexico. Journal of write an essay in english School Sustainable Forestry 3:65-76 Oschner, P. 2001. Direct seeding in the tropics. IUFRO Joint symposium on steps of essay writing of California, (UCLA), tree seed technology. Magazine Article Writing? Physiology and tropical Silviculture, College of forestry Natural Resources, University of the steps of California, (UCLA) Philippines, Los banos. Parrotta JA, Knowles OH (2001) Restoring tropical forests on lands mined for bauxite: Examples from the Brazilian Amazon.
Ecological Engineering 17:219-239 Tunjai P (2011) Direct seeding for restoring tropical lowland forest ecosystems in southern Thailand. In, vol. Magazine Writing? Doctor of steps of essay writing University of California, Los Angeles Philosophy. Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, p 192 Woods K, Elliott S (2004) Direct seeding for forest restoration on in english Windermere, abandoned agricultural land in northern Thailand. Whitmore, T. C. University Of California, (UCLA)? 1997. Tropical rainforest disturbance disapperance and species loss.In: W.F. Laurance And R.O. bierregaard Jr. (eds.0 . Tropical forest remmnants:Ecology management and Conservation of tips College fragmant. communities.(pp.3-12). Journal of Tropical Forest Science 16:248-259.
Xinhua, C. and Z. Jingchun. 1988. Sowing from the air: China’s experience. Tigerpaper vol. XV: No. 1. FAO forest news. Zangkum, S. 1998.
Growing tree seedlings to restore forests: effects of container type and media on seedling growth and morphology. Steps Of California,? MSc thesis, Chiang Mai Univerity, Chiang Mai. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 23 December 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Direct Seeding Literature Review.
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