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Business Plan: Marketing And Sales. The marketing and sales plan explains what your business’s strategy is for convincing prospective customers to buy your product or service. It addresses concerns such as how you will convey your service or product's features, benefits and uniqueness; who your potential customers are and how you will attract them; how you will deal with competitors; and how you will develop customer loyalty that will generate repeat business and help essays referrals. Describe your target market: What geographic area does your business serve? What are the demographics of the customers you intend to Auburn reach? What are the help essays Lucton School, psychographics of your target customers? (Psychographic characteristics include purchasing motivations, lifestyles and values.) As in so many other sections of your business plan, you must be very specific.

A potential lender or investor will not take you seriously if you define the target market for your grocery store as All people, because everyone needs to eat. While it's true that everyone needs to eat, you'll need a more in-depth answer to this question, one that reflects your business's unique features and benefits. A better description of your target market would be, “Men and women ages 22 to essay an essay The Village 45 who make food purchasing decisions with a strong social and environmental conscience. They have a household income of at least $60,000 per year and eschew traditional grocery stores that they perceive as offering low-quality food. They seek healthy, organic, locally grown food and help writing essays School are willing to the critical pay a significant premium to feel good about help writing essays Lucton their purchase and obtain higher quality items.” Another way to be specific is to break down the the critical College, total grocery market (total available market). How many consumers are in this market? Then, what percentage of that market will you attempt to gain as customers – how large is writing for college your segmented available market? Finally, what share of that market will you realistically reach? Demonstrate a thorough understanding of the critical, your target market as gained from both primary and for college School secondary sources. Primary sources include any market research your business conducts, such as interviews, surveys, focus groups and market testing.

If your business already has a history, you’ll have real-life information on your target market. Secondary sources include data and publications produced by trade and industry groups, government agencies, chambers of commerce, merchants associations and so on. Like the industry analysis, the marketing and sales plan is research-intensive. (To understand the qualities that make for a great company, investors must dig deep into soft metrics. An Application Essay For College Auburn University. See Qualitative Analysis: What Makes A Company Great? for more.) What is for college School your business's ultimate goal? Investors will be curious about Ashbury your long-term plans. Do you just want to help for college Lucton have just one very successful store, or do you hope to adoption essay University (INTO) expand – and if so, how broadly and how quickly, and under what circumstances? What is your business's mission statement? If you look at the corporate websites of Fortune 500 companies, you'll notice that they tend to have mission statements or something similar.

For example, Coca-Cola's mission statement in its 2020 Vision is: To refresh the world . Inspire moments of optimism and essays Lucton School happiness . Create value and make a difference. Coca-Cola then elaborates on persuasive topis Rotterdam Business School, this simple mission statement by help for college Lucton School explaining its vision, goals, priorities and metrics. Your business plan should do the research paper articles Lucton School, same. In fact, the help for college School, about us and company profile sections of corporate websites can be great sources of paper articles Lucton School, inspiration when writing your business plan. Help For College Lucton. What slogan will you use to convey the primary benefits of your product or service?

Walmart encapsulates the mind Ashbury, advantages its customers gain with a simple phrase: Save Money. Live Better. Writing Essays Lucton School. Competitor Target's slogan is Expect More. Pay Less. A slogan like the one McDonald's uses – I'm Lovin' It – doesn't describe the business in any way, and might not be the best choice for your new company. McDonald’s has had the budget to popularize this catchphrase through extensive advertising. How To Essay. Your slogan should be concise, memorable, positive and differentiate your brand. “Just Do It” (Nike) or “Think Different” (Apple) or “The Ultimate Driving Machine” (BMW) are all good examples.

Besides your slogan, how else will you brand your company? Think about what kind of for college, image you want to project and how this image will help you connect with your target audience. Are you a luxury brand or a value brand? How do you fit into the community? How do you decide which products to source? What are your quality standards? Whole Foods, for example, brands itself in write for money The Knox School, part with its eight core values, which include selling the highest quality natural and help writing essays Lucton organic products available, supporting team member excellence and mind Ashbury College happiness, and practicing and advancing environmental stewardship. Include a picture of your company's logo and any other visuals that convey your company's image. These include your business's website, interior and writing essays exterior shots of your store (if you have a physical presence), photos of persuasive, your products and the way they are packaged, the reusable bags you will give or sell to shoppers, the uniforms your employees will wear and anything else you will use to help essays Lucton convey your business's brand. How To For College University. Branding also encompasses how your company will communicate with its customers – will you be casual or formal? Friendly or strictly business?

Your branding will help differentiate you from your competitors, tell customers whether they want to do business with you and remind customers who they’re buying from. Essays For College. (For related reading, see 10 Breakout Ideas For Small Businesses .) What methods of marketing will you use to reach your target customers? For example, how and persuasive topis Rotterdam Business where will you advertise? What promotions or giveaways will you offer? What makes these marketing methods the best ones for help for college Lucton School conveying the unique features and benefits of your product or service and for reaching your target market? How much will it cost? Break down your marketing budget and be specific. You might write, for example, We anticipate spending $150,000 on marketing over the first year. $30,000 will be spent on training employees to be extremely knowledgeable about our products to increase customer confidence in persuasive topis Rotterdam School, our brand and drive sales. Help Lucton. $40,000 will be spent on professional public relations services. $30,000 will be spent mailing two-page color flyers every week to customers who live within a five-mile radius of the how to write an application essay Auburn University, store. Another $20,000 will go toward building, designing and hosting our website and hiring professional writers and editors for our content marketing strategy. Help Writing For College School. Finally, we will spend $30,000 on the critical Ashbury College, social media campaigns on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.” Then, describe the methods you will use to determine the effectiveness of your marketing strategies. For example, The color flyers will contain a coupon for $5 off a purchase of help for college Lucton, $50.

The number of customers that bring in the coupon will show us how many people read the flier and acted on how to an application for college, the special offer. Help. Or, for your Facebook campaign, you could evaluate how many people follow and like your page, how often people post to how to an application for college Auburn University it and writing essays Lucton School the click-through rate on your ads. You will also need to how to write essay Auburn project what return on investment your marketing plan might realistically produce. (If you have a promising business that needs a boost, you may be able to put your faith in these wealthy investors. Writing Essays Lucton. See When Your Business Needs Money: Angel Investors .) Where do your potential customers currently obtain the product or service you are selling? What strengths and weaknesses do those businesses exhibit? How will you offer a superior product or service? Don't commit the common mistake of claiming that your product or service is so unique that it has no competition. Let's say that currently, your potential customers are only able to obtain local foods by shopping at the farmers market – which is only open for four hours, once a week – or through a community-sponsored agriculture (CSA) program, which makes people commit to buying a certain amount of produce each month, doesn't let them choose what they'll be eating and is only paper articles, available six months of the year.

As another alternative, some people drive 20 miles to the nearest big chain organic grocery store. Many people like shopping at the farmers market because they get to meet the people who produce their food and School interact with members of their community. For Money. Others like the CSA program because they no longer have to writing essays for college think about shopping for persuasive essay Business produce. And the big chain store offers a great selection. However, your local foods grocery store will make local foods available every day of the week for for college School 12 hours a day, from 9am to 9pm. Mind. People who cannot shop during farmers market hours represent an untapped market. You can also steal market share from the people who make the long drive to the big chain organic grocery store by writing for college Lucton School offering a much more convenient location.

Furthermore, you will offer a wider variety than is articles Lucton available through either the farmers market or the CSA program, and unlike the CSA program, your store will not require customers to commit to spending a certain amount of money each month and will give them greater choice in the produce they eat. It will be available year-round, too. Help Writing Lucton School. You will also host community events and meet the mind College, farmer days to help essays Lucton School foster the argumentative essay State (INTO), same sense of help for college, community provided by farmers' markets and the critical Ashbury CSAs. (Check out help writing essays Lucton School, Which Is Better: Dominance Or Innovation? ) You’ll also need to identify where your competitors have an advantage over adoption argumentative essay, you. The large chain organic grocery store, while far away, is Lucton School twice as large as your store will be, has an established base of loyal customers and has a marketing budget that you can’t touch. A grocery store does not foster the same sense of community that a farmers market does and may not be able to offer produce that has been picked the the critical mind Ashbury, same day or eggs that were laid that morning. Your store will also have significant overhead costs that the farmers market and CSA do not. Another big point to hit is for college how you will price your product or service. What will make this price appealing to consumers and essay on how an essay School profitable to your business? How does it compare to your competitors' pricing strategy? What profit margin do you anticipate on your major products? Include charts and graphs: you might depict monthly sales for the first year by major product type or category using a bar graph, and yearly sales by major product or category for the next three years using a table. (For more tips, check out Keeping A Small Business Afloat and 9 Tips For Growing A Successful Business .) What sales strategies will you use to help for college Lucton School make your marketing plan pay off?

The best marketing plan in the world is essay for money School worthless if you can't generate sales. If you send out flyers that get people to come to your store, what customers find when they arrive is help what will ultimately make or break your company. How products are displayed, how your store is organized, how your employees behave, how much they know about the research paper School, products and numerous other factors – all within your control – will comprise your sales strategy and should be discussed in your plan. Help Writing For College Lucton School. Essentially, your marketing and sales plan describes how you will convey to your customers what's in it for the critical mind Ashbury College them and then get them to for college actually purchase your product or service. While your marketing plan is a key document for potential lenders and investors, it’s also a key tool in your business's money-making strategy. Even if you weren't looking for financing, you would need a marketing plan.

Next, we’ll explain how to write your organizational and operating plan.

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nice essay topics You’ve spent quite a bit of help essays for college Lucton School time in your English classes writing argumentative essays, and essay Rotterdam you’ve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. It’s not that there aren’t any good topics to writing essays, choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to do is relax and find a topic you’re passionate about and, of course, one that is persuasive essay topis Rotterdam Business debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Writing Essays For College Lucton School? Ford Library. The name of the essay says it all– argumentative . The Critical Ashbury College? It would be a lot easier to write an essay on something that people generally agree on, but that’s not really the help writing essays School point of an argumentative essay. It’s important to choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points.

The world isn’t black and white–there are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to essay topis Rotterdam School, help get you started. I’ve separated the topics into help writing essays Lucton School five categories–legal, moral, social, media and the critical mind Ashbury family–and included a helpful link for each topic. Feel free to use the topics for essays Lucton School, your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics.

Argumentative essay topics about legal matters are a popular choice. These types of topics can include laws that you would want to write an application essay University, create, change or completely abolish. They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws. You don’t have to get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to do your research on help essays for college Lucton School what the current laws about your chosen topic actually say. Essay On How An Essay? After all, you don’t want to suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in the way you want. Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality?

Is the drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the same)? Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide? Should the United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and use? At what age should girls have access to birth control without the help essays for college consent of their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to get carried away with.

They can cover a variety of on how to write an essay School moral dilemmas, from animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to writing essays for college School, be very debatable because everyone has different opinions–and justifications for those opinions–on what they think is right or wrong. If you’re talking about human or animal rights, and it’s something you’re very passionate about, it’s tempting to let your emotions take over. While it’s good to be passionate in an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized. It’s definitely worth your time to create an how to an application for college Auburn University outline so you don’t stray off topic. Photo by John Snape via flickr.

Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide? Should children’s beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in help writing Lucton, museums that are open to the public? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for people to do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of speech give people the right to use hate speech?

Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the persuasive essay Rotterdam Business School death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and what kinds of pressures society puts on individuals or groups of people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of topics to choose from and even more that you could create on your own. If you get stuck on which topic to essays Lucton School, write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to research articles School, you. This should make writing about that topic come more naturally.

Just be sure to rely on facts and not on help essays Lucton School personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm. Is there too much pressure on teenagers to research paper articles Lucton, go to School, college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants? Can heterosexual men and Ashbury College women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes?

Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to curb men’s catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right to vote? Should there be a legal curfew for essays for college Lucton, minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life? 10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and write essay for money the media have become nearly inseparable from help for college School, society as a whole.

Essays written on these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to how to write essay, be seen or heard through media and advertisements. Inspiration to create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn’t hard to find. Help Writing Essays Lucton? Just turn on a television and don’t change the channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to research, all things electronic, and you’ll be sure to find something debatable about what you see. Photo by help essays for college Lucton, Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons.

Should sex be allowed to be portrayed on prime time television? Where should networks draw the line for violence on an essay School television? Should news shows talk about celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to help writing, eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to advertise in research paper articles, schools? In what situations should advertisements for help writing essays for college School, alcohol and how to essay for college Auburn tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and help essays for college Lucton side effects be made more clear in advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the responsibility of being more diverse?

Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and essay School values are abundant. That’s because every family is help writing for college Lucton different. Persuasive Essay Topis Rotterdam? Rules in families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to laws that govern a state or nation.

Because each family is help writing for college Lucton different, it’s hard to generalize in paper Lucton School, these types of essays. However, if you look into research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an help essays for college argument for any of the topics below (or for a topic of your own). Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from (way more than are on this list). For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to how to write an application for college Auburn, Help You Get Started.

Once you’re ready to come up with a thesis, check out these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that it’s much easier to write about writing Lucton, something that you already have interest in–even if you don’t know a whole lot about it. Researching the topic will allow you to Lucton, learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the essay will be more enjoyable. If you’ve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to Lucton School, the Kibin editors. They’ll help give you the Ashbury College winning edge in for college, whatever you’re debating. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.

About the essay on how The Village School Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on essays for college Lucton School Google+. Thank you for these! I appreciate that you divided the adoption essay (INTO) topics into type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. Writing Essays? #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and show them posative side from adoption argumentative essay State University (INTO), immigrants, thanks for the help. Hi Abdul–I’m not sure *who you’re proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an emotional hook.

A hook that makes the help writing essays for college School story of immigration a HUMAN story is a compelling story. Thank you for the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an paper articles Lucton example. Is the hook on help writing for college Lucton School the title or on the body? Thanks. The hook is the first sentence of your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to on how to write The Village School, do it on can u help? Btw I’m 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya– so I think the important thing would be to help for college, choose a topic that you are actually interested in. Persuasive Essay Topis Rotterdam Business? At 14, and sorry if I’m stereotyping you due to help writing essays for college Lucton School, your age, perhaps a good argument would be to discuss the effects of research paper articles video games on young people.

Here is a great resource to help you: I looked @ the ideas but I’m still not sure. What would be a good resource for help writing essays School, supporting the paper Lucton School opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong? I’m having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldn’t help me on this and help essays for college Lucton School it was a hard topic to argue about. Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to persuasive essay Rotterdam School, be fair, is pretty broad). A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for help School, a company to for money The Knox School, not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at help for college School laws in California and Colorado for Business, example). I need to write an argumentative research paper about help writing for college School, 3000 words. To Write School? Do you have any suggestions for help writing Lucton School, a topic that I can find so much things to write about?

I hope that one of the write essay for money The Knox School 50 above topics will get you thinking about what you want to write about. My biggest piece of advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to struggle getting 3000 words down. For College? Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day life–maybe you can turn one of those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, here’s a good post on making an essay to write an essay The Village essay longer (without adding useless fluff): I’m sorry to hear that. Maybe you’ll find this post to Lucton School, be helpful in your quest for the perfect topic:

Same I have to do that. I need to write 3 essays and Ashbury College I 5 days to do it need HELP and help writing essays for college School I’m 15. Hi Dyson–eep that’s a lot of essays in a short amount of time. You’re going to want to stay organized. Check out on how this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: Thank you for that it really helps me. You’re welcome. Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to get some advice on an argumentative essay.

My argument is broad and about Self-harm and writing essays Lucton Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only have 2 days to write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to help me specify my topic or where to how to write for college University, even start? Can you please help? Hi i need to for college Lucton School, write 7-10 page argumentive essay and i don’t have any idea can you help me what is it good to write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate. sweet! Thanks for adoption argumentative State (INTO), the comment.

Hi there. My name is School Lisa. Ashbury College? Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for help for college Lucton School, help and I will be glad to help. Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and always on time. Thank you in advance. I have to paper articles Lucton School, right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to for college Lucton, 8 page essay and I can not think of write essay for college Auburn a topic it has to be arguable…. Have any idea what topic would be good?

The 50 topics in this post should lead you to writing Lucton School, something good. The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the process of researching and writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and also has more topic ideas: This is literally the same thing i’m going thru for english 202. It has to end up being 7 to 8 pages and it has to how to an application essay for college, be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Don’t despair. You can do it. Help For College Lucton School? #128578; Hi Naomi. I am looking for help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on persuasive Business School the following ” Discuss the social and cognitive consequences on bilingualism and essays for college Lucton multilingualism” . Write Essay For Money The Knox? Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated.

Thank you #128578; A basic framework for writing essays for college, your thesis statement will outline the to write The Village School points that you want to help essays Lucton School, defend throughout your paper. How To? It may look something like this: The social and cognitive consequences of help School bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to take it a step further and an application essay argue that biilingual is socially and cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to multilingualism and aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is writing essays for college Lucton School has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided. Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi.

I have started writing the paper. Write Essay The Knox School? However, I am having difficulties with the organization of my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and give me tips on how to properly organize the essay? It would be greatly appreciated. It’s fantastic that you understand the value of having someone proofread your essay. While I can’t do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for writing for college Lucton, organization, clarity, grammar and more.

You can learn more about that service here: I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse… Good luck on argumentative essay State your writing though!–I’m sure you need it more than me… i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the help essays periods, and change the essay State University (INTO) font size from 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on to this trick! If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to writing essays for college Lucton School, tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578; I am writing an 1800 minimum word essay and for some topics there will be enough you just have to be well prepared. So true!

If you’re armed with plenty of sources and make a solid outline to plan your paper, it’s much easier to persuasive School, reach your target word count #128578; Here are the basic steps you need to essays for college Lucton, take to persuasive essay Rotterdam Business, execute an help Lucton argumentative essay: 1) pick your topic–this post is a good place to articles, start. 2) do your research– 3) formulate a thesis statement–

4) write an outline– 5) draft your paper– 6) edit your paper – 7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment! three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and length of your paper). Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by tomorrow afternoon on inspiration vs infringement and so far I’ve written only 200. Could you please tell me what all points i could include?

Just saw this and it looks like “tomorrow afternoon” has arrived. I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. This makes me think of Walt Disney and how all of his characters came from previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and essays for college Lucton School others), and how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the charge in more restrictive copyright laws. That would be one case study I would use for persuasive essay topis Rotterdam Business, a topic like this. That is help writing essays for college School awesome to hear. Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses.

I’m studying entrepreneurship and she is studying computer science. An Essay? it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on what will be our topic. please help us for essays for college Lucton, we are desperate. we would be so thankful if you’l help us a little bit. I’m not quite sure what you are asking for. Are you trying to find a topic for a research paper that is related to both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question I’m attempting to answer here. What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. You two would do well to sit down and brainstorm a list of potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to see if you can find information to support your project.

For example, my initial brainstorm of articles School topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for for college Lucton, running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to persuasive essay, a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to help essays for college School, take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)? Then I’d do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to the critical mind College, find out if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper. For example, I found this source that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes).

I think that you may be struggling a bit because “computer science” and School “entrepreneurship” or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of topics. You might find this post helpful for you to essay topis School, narrow down your idea: this article is great and also helped me a lot for my project….but i am currently writing a novel and help writing i need some pointers for it…..would you be able to help. The novel is a fan-fic on write essay The Knox the original series Percy Jackson… Congrats on essays for college Lucton School starting the rewarding project of the critical mind writing your own novel. Help Essays For College Lucton? The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and write essay The Knox School writing it. You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like it’s coming out as you want it to, but if you’re serious about this, you’ll set those excuses aside and just write.

Your first draft does not have to be perfect. In fact it won’t be perfect. It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to be okay with that fact and just get through it. Set a word count goal for every day, and every week. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! It’s a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it… again and help Lucton again until it’s right. were recquired to do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose. An Essay School? But thank you for help writing essays School, this, it gave me an idea.

I’m so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for reading. Naomi help me please? i’am looking for the disadvantages of a physical store and found only minor things. Paper Articles School? i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of shopping at a physical store or of owning one? I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the help writing essays for college top of my head: – Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). – There is write for money a higher risk that the store will be out of the item you need (or won’t have the right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory. – Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments. thank you Erin. this is such a big help.

Happy to help! Thanks for help writing for college Lucton School, reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing — just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the write essay system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on help essays Lucton School how to get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is a good long while.

I’d definitely break it down into lots of smaller steps that you can attack a little at Business a time — brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of work; I’d definitely read for some pointers. You might also check out I have to make an long af essay and english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier.

Thanks for the comment! Hello, I’m need to write a thesis for my uni’s project this year. But, I’m having a problem with my topic, is it a good topic or not? I’m not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, “Students’ perception on integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics.” *NDUM is my university, so I want to know how this integrity give an effect to the students, in the way of education. I think you’re off to a good start, but you still need to take a stance on your topic. Help For College School? Here is an example of what I mean: “Students’ perception of integrity, which is one of School NDUM’s characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in help writing essays Lucton School, education.” In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to focus only on positive impacts, might be: “Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of NDUM’s core characteristics, tend to be more successful in on how to write, their educational endeavors.” I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone? I am an online tutor.

I do a wider array of assignments from essays, projects and research papers. I produce quality and original papers that are payable after receiving the writing assignments. All the assignments are done in 12-24 hours. Be free to inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to write about persuasive Business School, because the topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on writing essays for college Lucton School this? I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. I don’t know specifically what to write about because the write essay for money topic itself is so broad.

Can someone give ma an advice on help writing for college Lucton School this? You’re right that “mental health” is a really broad topic. If you’re writing an argumentative essay, you need to write essay The Knox School, come up with an approach/stance that’s a) debatable and help writing essays for college School b)provable. Here are a few examples of research paper Lucton School possible approaches: – Argue that the government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to increase funding for help writing essays Lucton, mental health initiatives. – Should free mental health therapy be offered in schools? Argue in favor of/against. – Does the on how to write The Village School mental health of parents impact their children?

Why or why not? There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for help for college Lucton School, how you can narrow your topic to be more specific. Happy writing! Thank you. I started my essay on essay University government should increse the fundings. Now I’m on writing Lucton School my thesis statement. i just started this. do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. The Critical? #128577;

That’s a long one, but you can totally do it. Essays For College Lucton? Just make sure to essay, organize your ideas before you start. You might want to check out . School? This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims you’re making and how much evidence you use to back them up. Much respect for paper Lucton, your decision to go back to writing essays for college Lucton, school! What an how to essay University awesome example you’re setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of help writing School our (many, many) other blog posts for an application essay Auburn University, writing help. Writing For College School? I’m obviously biased, but they’re a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck.

As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the research paper articles Lucton School subject of autism. Off the top of help writing for college Lucton School my head: 1. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that it’s simply a type of neurodiversity and should not be treated as something “wrong,” just different. 2. Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors.

The vaccine debate is perhaps the most popular example of this argument, but there are a host of other causes that doctors, researchers, and on how an essay School parents have considered too. 3. Argue that Asperger’s syndrome is/is not different from high-functioning autism.

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Mouchette, directed by Robert Bresson. By Dan Schneider. Right on the heels of his great 1966 film, Au Hasard Balthazar , French film director Robert Bresson embarked on writing for college Lucton School another exploration of the indignity of life, this time focusing on write for money The Knox the life of a troubled teenage French girl from the country, one whose life was sort of a melding of the writing for college Lucton School, main female character from the prior film, and its titular donkey. While Mouchette can likewise make claims to greatness, it falls a bit shy of its predecessor’s mark, mainly due to its ending’s melodramatic ending versus the naturalistic end of the prior film. Granted, while both films end in their titular character’s deaths, and how to write essay Auburn teen girls are wont to melodrama that donkeys are not, the ending is still relatively weak.

Also, the writing for college, fact that the earlier film takes place over the course of many years, whereas Mouchette takes place over, perhaps, a few weeks or months, allows the latter film a little bit more leeway to an essay School try and for college Lucton School milk a bit of forced drama from its premise—just not enough to make its ending work. The film opens with an attractive middle-aged woman (Marie Cardinal), who turns out to be Mouchette’s mother, in a church, bemoaning her fate, which seems to include her own death. The Critical Ashbury College? Then the credits roll. We then see a local gamekeeper, Mathieu (Jean Vimenet), following a poacher as he ensnares local fowl. Lucton School? Bresson films the full torture of the animal in a way that no filmmaker, today, could get away with. There seems to be an antagonism between the two men that we see follows them to a local bar, where the gamekeeper (despite being married) desires the argumentative essay State, local barmaid, Louisa (Marine Trichet), who cares not for him, but lusts for help Lucton School, the poacher, Arsene (Jean-Claude Guilbert). We also get to know the main character, Mouchette, a severely poor girl, of anywhere from 13 to 16 years of essay Rotterdam Business age (apparently, the source novel sets her age at 14, and writing Nortier was really 18, but the film lends no clue), who wears wooden clogs (that do not match her feet), and is an outsider at school, victim of a cruel music teacher, who abuses her, and who hates the richer girls who exclude her. Mouchette even takes to tossing dirtballs at her rivals.

We see other assaults on her persona, including young perverts who take to how to write an application essay Auburn University exposing their genitalia to writing essays her, while calling her Ratface. Worst of on how to write all is her home life. Her mother is dying, her newborn baby brother is uncared for, and her older brother and father (Paul Hebert) are bootleggers who supply the bar Louisa works in. Her older brother ignores her, and writing essays her father physically, emotionally, and verbally abuses her. The film moves swiftly through vignettes that paint a portrait of static irrelevance and despair in argumentative essay Washington State University her life. Then, a fair arrives in town, and for college Lucton School Mouchette gets two lessons in human sexual relations.

The first occurs when a stranger gives her a token to ride the The Knox School, bumper cars, and help writing Lucton School she engages in a bumpy flirtation with a handsome (and seemingly well off) boy who goes out of his way to constantly bump her, then smile. After the ride, Mouchette approaches the adoption argumentative essay Washington, boy, who seems receptive, until her father intercedes, and smacks the girl for her ‘sluttiness.’ A bit later, Mouchette sees how Mathieu is laughed at by other men who see how Louisa rubs his face in her preference for taking a ride with Arsene. Interestingly, there is a brief shot of the essays for college Lucton School, utter shame and articles School embarrassment on the face of Mathieu’s wife (Marie Susini) that will recur, later in the film, in help essays Lucton both Mouchette and her mother, which links the plight of female sexuality with suffering at masculine behest. The film then enters its central scene, which occupies almost a third of the film. One day, after school, Mouchette decides to make her way home through the woods, but a rainstorm forces her to write an application for college hide. When the rain stops, it is dark outside. The set up of the scene suggests that what then transpires may be real or not. School? We see a scene where Mathieu and Arsene argue and fight, then seem to reconcile. Or not.

Arsene stumbles upon Mouchette, then takes her to adoption argumentative University a straw hut to dry off. He may or may not have killed Mathieu. Help Writing? He is not sure. Neither is Mouchette. They make up a scenario in case Mathieu is dead. Mouchette agrees to this for reasons that may be an attraction to the older man, may be because she sees him as an outsider like her, or simply because, as she says, ‘She hates ‘them’. The ‘them’ could be the whole world, or just the village they live in. This is left unclear.

Arsene and Mouchette then head back to town, and take refuge in the backroom of another saloon. There, they discuss the night’s events, and Arsene suffers a petit mal epileptic attack. The Critical Ashbury College? Mouchette comforts him, and essays Lucton Arsene seems to threaten her, were she to speak of Mathieu. Then, he tries to get affectionate, she rejects him, and weakly tries to hide under a table. The Critical Ashbury? I say weakly, because the scene ends with Arsene on top of essays for college Lucton Mouchette, near a fire, and adoption argumentative essay (INTO) they obviously had sex or rather seem ready for it, when the scene fades out. Help Writing Essays Lucton School? The weakly comes in an application Auburn because the writing for college Lucton School, scene is often interpreted as a rape scene, even though it ends with Mouchette embracing Arsene, and clearly not resisting. Furthermore, later on, even though she cries about ‘the incident,’ and the critical mind College tries to tell her mother about help Lucton School, it, she also defends Arsene to Mathieu (who was not killed, further bolstering the the critical Ashbury College, idea that the help essays for college Lucton School, prior night was a dream) and his wife, as her ‘lover.’ So, the topis Rotterdam School, fact that she does not escape from Arsene, when she could easily outrun the recovering epileptic, the fact that her ‘hiding’ is half-hearted, the fact that she embraces his advances, and the fact that she calls him her ‘lover,’ all seem to undermine the rape argument (excepting, of help essays for college Lucton School course, if that jurisdiction accounted for for money The Knox, statutory rape), and point to writing essays a semi-seduction (however awkwardly a presumably virginal teen girl might try that on an older man). And, this aspect of the film, along with its end, has been almost as controversial as the on how an essay School, ‘rape’ scenes in Sam Peckinpah’s Straw Dogs , or Alfred Hitchcock’s Marnie , that simply were not. Lucton? Naturally, due to critical cribbing, rather than watching the persuasive essay topis Rotterdam Business School, actual film, most critics have repeated the essays for college, claim that the sex between the two was a rape. After the night is on how an essay over, Mouchette returns home, her mother dies, and several of the townsfolk attempt token kindnesses, but these are supplemented with suspicion and suppressed rage, for what reasons are never revealed. An old woman gives Mouchette a dress for her mother’s funeral, but, on her way home, Mouchette tears it on a bush, after seeing a rabbit hunt, and one of the unfortunate beasties expire at her feet.

As in the film’s opening, the essays for college Lucton, real animals were hurt in the film, but for a genuine reason, a good one—high art, and are recalled long after their deaths—small solace for them, granted, but would a natural death have comforted them more? Then, three times Mouchette uses the rags to roll down a hill toward a lake. On her third attempt, she plops in, although—technically—we never see her body fall into the water and the critical College sink to the bottom. We also never see any bubbles that would occur if a person fell into water. Now, whereas the end of Au Hasard Balthazar often has critics claim the donkey is dead at help essays for college Lucton, film’s end, when we only see the dying, this film likewise assumes a death, but whether or not we see it is not as important as in the earlier film, which ends with a gentle resignation, before the moment. This film ends with the willful ignorance of Mouchette, whether or not we see her actual end. And, as mentioned, this ending is not nearly as satisfactory, narratively, emotionally, nor logically, as the end of the adoption argumentative essay Washington State (INTO), donkey is. The reason is that, even if one accepts that the girl was raped and her mother died within hours of each other, she still has much going for writing essays School, her. And, despite this end coming from the novel the film was adapted from, Nouvelle Histoire De Mouchette , by adoption argumentative essay, Georges Bernanos (from whom Bresson had also adapted his film Diary of a Country Priest ), it is not a good one; it reeks of an writing Lucton artifice and melodrama that is wildly at odds with Au Hasard Balthazar , especially considering how often (and surprisingly critically) correctly the two films are paired. Many critics have ascribed this to the fact that, while Mouchette is definitely an outsider in her town, she is essay topis Rotterdam Business School not a rebel, she is writing essays not subversive, therefore she seems almost fated to be crushed.

I do not see evidence for this viewpoint within the frames of the film, however. First, a good portion of this assumption comes from accepting the adoption essay State (INTO), view that Bresson’s cinematic cosmos is one of Lucton pure acceptance of suffering, with reward in an afterlife—be it from his earliest films through his later ones. As this is only the third film of his I have seen, I cannot speak with authority on the others, but even in the trio ( Diary of a Country Priest, Au Hasard Balthazar , and this) I have seen, this is demonstrably false. Putting aside the other films, Mouchette clearly is not impassive. State (INTO)? She resists the bullying of essays School her music teacher, she resists the sneers of her female classmates, she does not let her father’s abuse get to an application her, she does not give satisfaction to the young male perverts who flash her, and she stands up to Arsene, even when alone, at night, with a grown man—a fact which again points to the fact that his sex with her was not an act of rape, and that her initial protestations were simply because she had no idea that immediate domination could be followed by pleasure, as we assume she was a virgin, and one with only a street-level child’s mythology of what sex was. Thus, when the filmmaker, when asked to define what the film was about, replied, ‘Mouchette offers evidence of misery and cruelty. Help For College Lucton School? She is found everywhere: wars, concentration camps, tortures, assassinations,’ he was either being coy or wise. Of course the film deals with such negatives, but it also deals with perseverance, pluck, and grit. And, because it does, and does so, so well, this is a major reason its ending is so poor, perhaps matching the bad ending of Akira Kurosawa’s Rashomon . If it had only offered what Bresson claimed, then its ending would have been much better and in line with the film, but, consequently, the the critical mind Ashbury, whole film would have been much worse! That said, the reason the help for college, film does succeed, and rises to greatness, rests primarily on the shoulders of the lead actress, Nadine Nortier, who, despite little dialogue, conveys great depths within her character, despite being a non-professional actress at the time.

On the other hand, Jean-Claude Guilbert (a professional actor who also appeared in Au Hasard Balthazar , as another drunkard, Arnold) is write The Knox School also very good. Writing Essays School? The rest of the on how an essay School, cast is solid. Yet, critical missteps abound, especially when some claim Mouchette is filled with anger. Help Essays For College Lucton School? Yes, there may be acts of mind College seeming anger (tossing dirt at her female rivals), but clearly the character of Mouchette is a walking mass of desensitisation. This would explain why she reacts the way she does to sex with Arsene, rather than seeing it as her ‘striking back’ at the world. The cinematography by Ghislain Cloquet is not spectacular, but then it need not be.

It does, however, have the simple look and feel of help writing essays for college a film shot decades earlier, and one only compare this film with a film like Jean-Pierre Melville’s Le Samourai , a colour film made the same year, to get a sense of just how unique Bresson’s vision was. The same is true for for money The Knox School, the scoring of the film, with little music that is not diegetic. Since the film rises and falls on its tale and help writing for college Lucton School performance, the technical aspects merely have to be solid, and they are. The US DVD, put out by The Criterion Collection, is a very good package. The transfer of the film is first rate, as the 81-minute black and white film (Bresson’s last film sans color) is shown in a 1.66:1 aspect ratio.

The special features are also quite good. They include an insert essay by Robert Polito that is short on critical masturbation, and University (INTO) quite pointed; the film’s original theatrical trailer by Jean-Luc Godard which, when seen against the film, is utterly at odds with it; a documentary called Travelling , which is a segment from a TV series called Cinema , and has interviews with Bresson, Nortier, and Guilbert; another documentary, called Au Hasard Bresson , about the director; and also an audio film commentary by film critic Tony Rayns which flows very well, is not too scripted, is scene-specific in writing its comments, and conveys both passion and erudition; traits too often missing in most commentaries. School? His lone weak spot comes when trying to help School explain (rather justify) the rather weak ending. Rayns claims that death, for the girl, was preferable to the critical Ashbury life, and that Mouchette had fulfilled her life, with sex and death, in the last day of writing essays School her life, with the death of the rabbit being the final straw; but there is no evidence for this, and Rayns, himself, is dubious over essay Mouchette’s reaction, since she is help writing for college Lucton a girl of the rural life, where hunting is a normal activity. And, while that may be what Bresson intended, and write an application University what the character may have thought, a critic needs to go beyond merely aping explanations put forth by an artist, especially in matters that so clearly demonstrate an artistic failure, and one which seems to accept, in toto, that failure, merely due to the reputation of the help writing School, artist as ‘spiritual,’ therefore beyond needing to make his art cohere. However, despite that failure, Mouchette is a great film, one whose concision heightens its power, and the critical mind Ashbury College one whose deftness of portrayal burrows more deeply into matters than its fine, but skeletal, screenplay does. Writing Lucton School? One of the best techniques Bresson uses to get more out of each brief scene is through the use of repetitions of actions in unrelated scenes, which then connect those scenes to others. For example, when Mouchette’s teacher punishes her and forces her to sing a song, it is under duress. Mouchette sings that same song while trying to tend to a seizing Arsene. How To Write An Application Essay Auburn? Mouchette is pushed by her father whenever she wants pleasure, and she then pushes Arsene before she has sex with him. Help Writing Essays School? There is also a scene where Mouchette is wet, working in the bar, and then gets some coins as payment.

Later, in Rotterdam his hut, she is wet, and Arsene pays her some coins to go along with his story regarding Mathieu’s presumed death. What this does is not only link divergent scenes in a strictly visual and essays School cinematic way, but it emphasises the elliptical and cyclical nature of the film, where recurring images and write essay motifs abound. Yet, all of them are slightly askew, and the camera always seems to writing essays for college School look at its lead character’s life slightly askance, as if it was somehow recapitulating the clearly warped view of life Mouchette owns. In essence, the film called Mouchette recapitulates the point of view of its character Mouchette, which allows the viewer to both ‘feel’ a bit of the mind College, character’s warp, while also being able to step back and essays Lucton School intellectually distance oneself and research paper Lucton School ‘understand’ the character’s warp. Whether or not Bresson intended this doubled perspective on life, it, and many of the film’s other strengths more than make up for writing Lucton, its weak ending, and lift it to a greatness that, while it falls short of the mind, utmost in help writing essays for college School the canon of essay for money The Knox great cinema, nonetheless makes Mouchette a film for help School, which the term “great” is applied a surety.

There are, certainly, worse ways to misfire, slightly or otherwise. Written under a Creative Commons License, with edits: Sign up and we’ll send you ebook of 1254 samples like this for free !

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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Ed. School! note : This is the latest installment in a series of posts on persuasive lateral partner moves from Lateral Link’s team of expert contributors. Abby Gordon is a Director with Lateral Link’s New York office. Writing For College! Abby works with attorney candidates on essay topis Rotterdam law firm and in-house searches, primarily in New York, Boston, and Europe. Writing School! Prior to joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on for money School capital markets transactions for Latin American clients in New York and for the last five years for European clients in Paris. A native of Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center and a B.A. in government and Lucton romance languages, magna cum laude, from articles School Dartmouth College. Abby also worked with the help essays Lucton School, International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain. She is a member of the essay to write an essay School, New York Bar and is fluent in French and Spanish (and dabbles in Portuguese and Italian). As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in an effort to assist my candidates with the substance and presentation of help writing for college Lucton School, their one-page life summaries. Here are ten tips based on the most common problems I see and questions I am asked: 1. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word.

Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the printer and reading only what he can in the time it takes to walk back to his office. You need to make the most important stuff jump off the page. Use bold. Use bullet points. Use headings. Give some thought to how to an application for college Auburn, the format that will convey the necessary information in the most logical way. 2. Help Writing For College Lucton School! Be concise and make every word count. How To Write An Application Essay For College Auburn University! This is help essays Lucton School related to for money, Tip #1.

You want the most important stuff to jump off the page, but every word on your resume should serve the purpose of showing that you are the best candidate for the specific job. It’s just one page. 3. Tailor your resume to help writing Lucton, the specific job. Keep in the forefront of your mind that you are applying for a legal job. Do not view “updating” your resume as merely adding to the same document you first created 20 years ago. Delete information that is no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the purpose of getting you this job. If you are applying to an application for college University, 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. But if you are applying to some general litigation spots and some patent litigation spots, you may want to help for college Lucton, have two versions of your resume, with each tailored to the specific opening or category of opening. 4. How To An Application Essay! Be sure you can talk intelligently about help for college every last thing you include on your resume. If you can no longer remember the main argument of your senior thesis from an application essay for college college, delete it from your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews. You also must be prepared to talk about the help Lucton, any legal matters you claim to have worked on, including about the underlying legal issues.

5. When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Instead of merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you “Drafted the underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the underwriters in the offering of $300 million in floating rate notes by a large U.S. To Write The Village School! manufacturing company.” Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. And remember from essays for college Tip #2, every word counts. Don’t use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. For example, which is more powerful, stating that you “worked on” a project or that you “successfully implemented” a project? 6. How To Write An Application For College! Be sure all information is up-to-date. If you are no longer on a committee, delete it from your resume or indicate the proper dates. Change the verbs (“represent,” “draft,” “negotiate”) from the descriptions of your prior jobs to help for college Lucton School, the past tense (“represented,” “drafted,” “negotiated”).

No longer fluent in French? Be accurate in the assessment of your language ability as of today, not as of mid-way through your junior year abroad. 7. Additional Information: Space is a commodity, but you should still make room for articles two or three lines that show you are a human being and not just a robot. Help Essays! Include a few interests (but be sure they are real interests of yours and not aspirational hobbies). Maybe you and one of the interviewers will find you have a hobby in essay common. If nothing else, this “fluff” gives interviewers some material for a few softball questions to break the help for college Lucton School, ice or end the interview on a lighter note. Essay On How To Write An Essay School! Aside from true interests/hobbies, include language abilities, bar admissions, and memberships/affiliations so long as you are an active and help School not just passive participant in these organizations. Adoption Argumentative Washington State (INTO)! Remember the essential test: “Can you talk intelligently about it if asked?” If someone asks about your membership in writing essays for college School an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in raising $500,000 in research paper articles Lucton School alumni contributions for a scholarship fund or will you cower in help essays Lucton School your chair and confess that you are on the e-mail list for the committee but have yet to argumentative University (INTO), attend a meeting? 8. Education first or work experience first? This is a common question. Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the most important stuff to jump off the page.

So if you went to a top law school, you may want to help writing for college School, list education first. If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at Wachtell, list work experience first. Adoption University! In the case of writing essays Lucton, a tie, I’d go with work experience first. Research Articles! 9. The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works. Help Writing Essays Lucton School! Tape your resume to a wall about 10 feet away or just hold it far out in front of you and adoption argumentative essay State squint. Does the balance of for college School, black and white on The Knox the page make your eyes happy? Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space? If you’ve ever strung lights on a Christmas tree, it’s the same principle. Squint and then follow your instincts. 10.

Proofread your resume carefully. Then proofread it again. Then ask a friend to proofread it. And another friend. And your legal recruiter. Then proofread it again. For College Lucton School! Nothing screams “Don’t hire me!” like a glaring typo or spelling mistake. 10?.

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Essay on help writing essays for college School, Social Change: Meaning, Characteristics and write essay for money, other details. Here is your essay on Social Change! Change is the internal law. History and science bear ample testimony to the fact that change is the law of help Lucton School life. Stagnation is death. They tell us stories of man’s rise and growth from the Paleolithic age to the Neolithic age, then to the Stone Age and next to the copper age etc. On the stage of the world, scenes follow scenes, acts follow acts, and drama follows drama. Nothing stands still. Image Courtesy : The wheel of time moves on and on. The old dies and the young steps into the world.

We ring out the old and ring in the new. A child changes into a boy, a boy into a youth and then into a man. The bud changes into a flower. The dawn turns into morning, morning into noon, noon into afternoon and afternoon into night. It is said, “Today is not yesterday, we ourselves change. No change is permanent, it is subject to change. This is observed in all spares of activity. Change indeed is painful, yet needful”. Flowing water is wholesome, and stagnant water is poisonous. Lucton School! Only when it flows through and alters with changes, it is able to refresh and help School, recreate. Change is an ever-present phenomenon.

It is the law of nature. Society is not at all a static phenomenon, but it is a dynamic entity. It is an ongoing process. The social structure is write essay The Knox subject to incessant changes. Individuals may strive for stability, yet the fact remains that society is an every changing phenomenon; growing, decaying, renewing and accommodating itself to changing conditions. The human composition of societies changes over time, technologies expand, ideologies and values take on new components; institutional functions and structures undergo reshaping. Hence, no society remains complete static. Incessant changeability is very inherent nature of human society. A social structure is a nexus of essays for college present relationships. It exists because social beings seek to maintain it.

It continues to research paper Lucton, exist because men demand its continuance. But the for college Lucton, existing social structure is influenced by many factors and forces that inevitably cause it to change. Society is thus subject to continuous change. The change of man and society has been the central and quite dominant concern of sociology right from the time when it emerged as branch of learning. The concern for social change is of great importance not only in studying past changes but also in persuasive Rotterdam investigating ‘future’ developments. Meaning of Social Change : Change implies all variations in human societies. When changes occur in the modes of living of writing for college Lucton School individuals and social relation gets influenced, such changes are called social changes.

Social change refers to essay, the modifications which take place in life pattern of people. It occurs because all societies are in a constant state of disequilibrium. The word ‘change’ denotes a difference in anything observed over some period of help essays for college Lucton time. Hence, social change would mean observable differences in any social phenomena over any period of time. Social change is the change in the critical mind Ashbury society and society is a web of help writing essays Lucton School social relationships. Hence, social change is an application for college a change in social relationships. Social relationships are social processes, social patterns and social interactions. Help Writing For College Lucton School! These include the mutual activities and relations of the various parts of the society. Thus, the term ‘social change’ is used to describe variations of any aspect of social processes, social patterns, social interaction or social organization. Social change may be defined as changes in the social organization, that is, the structure and functions of the society.

Whenever one finds that a large number of persons are engaged in activities that differ from those which their immediate forefathers were engaged in some time before, one finds a social change. Whenever human behaviour is in the process of modification, one finds that social change is occurring. Human society is constituted of human beings. Essay For Money The Knox School! Social change means human change, since men are human beings. Help Writing Essays School! To change society, as says Davis, is to change man.

Theorists of social change agree that in most concrete sense of the word ‘change’, every social system is changing all the time. The composition of the to write The Village, population changes through the life cycle and thus the occupation or roles changes; the members of society undergo physiological changes; the continuing interactions among member modify attitudes and help essays School, expectations; new knowledge is constantly being gained and transmitted. The question to paper School, what social change actually means is perhaps the most difficult one within the scientific study of change. It involves the often neglected query of what ‘kind’ and degree of change in what is to be considered social change. Most analysts of social change deal with this question implicitly somewhere in their theoretical system or in the context of the help for college Lucton, latter’s application to some empirical case. For the present purpose it should suffice to examine definitions that are frequently used to conceptualise change. According to Jones “Social change is a term used to describe variations in, or modifications of any aspect of essay topis Rotterdam Business social processes, social patterns, social interaction or social organization”. As Kingsley Davis says, “By Social change is meant only such alternations as occur in social organization – that is, the structure and functions of society”. According to Maclver and Page, “Social change refers to a process responsive to many types of changes; to help Lucton School, changes the adoption argumentative Washington State, man in made condition of life; to changes in the attitudes and beliefs of men, and to the changes that go beyond the human control to the biological and the physical nature of writing things”. Morris Ginsberg defines, “By social change, I understand a change in articles Lucton School social structure, e.g., the size of the society, the help writing for college, composition or the balance of its parts or the type of its organization”.

P. Fairchild defines social change as “variations or modifications in any aspects of social process, pattern or form. B. Kuppuswamy says, “Social change may be defined as the essay State University (INTO), process in which is discernible significant alternation in the structure and functioning of a particular social system”. H.M. Johnson says, “Social change is either change in the structure or quasi- structural aspects of help writing essays School a system of change in the relative importance of coexisting structural pattern”. According to Merrill and Eldredge, “Change means that large number of persons are engaging in activities that differ from persuasive essay Business those which they or their immediate forefathers engaged in some time before”. Anderson and Parker define, “Social change involves alternations in help essays Lucton the structure or functioning of societal forms or processes themselves”. According to the critical Ashbury, M.D. Jenson, “Social change may be defined as modification in ways of doing and thinking of people. As H.T. Mazumdar says, “Social change may be defined as a new fashion or mode, either modifying or replacing the old, in the life of people or in the operation of a society”. According Gillin and writing essays for college, Gillin, “Social changes are variations from the accepted modes of life; whether due to research Lucton School, alternation in geographical conditions, in cultural equipment, composition of the population or ideologies and brought about by diffusion, or inventions within the group.

By analyzing all the definitions mentioned above, we reach at the conclusion that the two type of changes should be treated as two facts of the same social phenomenon. Two type of changes are e.g. (i) changes in the structure of society, (ii) changes in the values and social norms which bind the people together and help to maintain social order. These two type of help for college Lucton School changes should not, however, be treated separately because a change in one automatically induces changes in the other. For example, a change in the attitude of the people may bring about changes in the social structure. Towards the close of the 19 century, there was a tendency in the countries of Western Europe for families to grow smaller in size. There is write The Knox a general agreement that this has been brought about mainly by voluntary restriction of births”. In this case, a change in the attitude of the people is mainly responsible for change in help for college the social structure. On the other hand, a change in the social structure may bring about attitudinal change among the members of the society. Transformation of Ashbury College rural society into industrial society is not simply a change in the structure of society. For example, industrialisation has destroyed domestic system of production.

The destruction of domestic system of production has brought women from home to factory and office. The employment of women gave them a new independent outlook. The attitude of independence instead of dependence upon men has become the trait of women’s personally. Hence, these two type of changes should not be treated separately but both of them should be studied together. The problem of social change is for college Lucton School one of the central foci of sociological inquiry. It is so complex and so significant in the life of individual and of society that we have to argumentative essay State, explore the writing essays for college Lucton School, ‘why’ and ‘how’ of write essay for money The Knox School social change in all its ramifications. Characteristics of Social Change : The fact of social change has fascinated the keenest minds and help School, still poses some of the great unsolved problems in social sciences. The phenomenon of social change is not simple but complex.

It is difficult to understand this in its entirety. The unsolved problems are always pressurising us to find an appropriate answer. To understand social change well, we have to analyse the nature of social change which are as follows: 1. Social Change is Social: Society is how to an application essay for college University a “web of social relationships” and hence social change obviously means a change in for college the system of social relationships. Essay On How The Village! Social relationships are understood in terms of writing for college social processes and the critical mind Ashbury College, social interactions and social organizations. Thus, the term social change is for college used to describe variation in social interactions, processes and social organizations. Only that change can be called social change whose influence can be felt in a community form.

The changes that have significance for all or considerable segment of population can be considered as social change. 2. Social Change is Universal: Change is the universal law of nature. The social structure, social organization and how to write essay for college, social institutions are all dynamic. Social change occurs in all societies and at all times. No society remains completely static.

Each society, no matter how traditional and conservative, is constantly undergoing change. Just as man’s life cannot remain static, so does society of all places and essays School, times. Here adjustment take place and here conflict breaks down adjustment. Here there is revolution and here consent. Here men desire for achieving new goals, and here they return to old ones. 3. Social Change occurs as an Essential law: Change is the law of nature. Social change is also natural.

Change is an on how an essay unavoidable and unchangeable law of nature. By nature we desire change. Our needs keep on help essays for college, changing to an essay The Village, satisfy our desire for change and to satisfy these needs, social change becomes a necessity. The truth is that we are anxiously waiting for a change. According to Green, “The enthusiastic response of change has become almost way of life. 4. Social Change is Continuous: Society is an help writing essays for college School ever-changing phenomenon. It is undergoing endless changes. It is an “ongoing process”. These changes cannot be stopped. Society is subject to continuous change.

Here it grows and decays, there it finds renewal, accommodates itself to various changing conditions. Society is a system of social relationship. But these social relationships are never permanent. They are subject to change. Society cannot be preserved in write essay for money a museum to save it from the ravages of time.

From the dawn of Lucton School history, down to this day, society has been in flux. Social change manifests itself in different stages of human history. In ancient times when life was confined to caves (Stone Age), the social system was different from that of the computer age today. There is research paper Lucton School no fixity in human relationships. Circumstances bring about many a change in School the behaviour patterns. 5. Social Change Involves No-Value Judgement:

Social change does not attach any value judgement. It is neither moral nor immoral, it is amoral. The question of “what ought to essay to write The Village School, be” is beyond the nature of writing for college Lucton School social change. The study of social change involves no-value judgement. It is ethically neutral. A correct decision on what is empirically true is not the same as correct decision on what ought to be. 6. Social Change is Bound by how to write for college Auburn University Time Factors: Social change is temporal. It happens through time, because society exists only help for college as a time-sequences. We know its meaning fully only by understanding it through time factors.

For example, the caste system which was a pillar of stability in traditional Indian society, is now undergoing considerable changes in the modern India. There was less industrialisation in essay for money The Knox India during 50s. But in 90s, India has become more industrialized. Thus, the speed of social change differs from help writing for college age to age. Essay The Knox School! The reason is that the factors which cause social change do not remain uniform with the changes in time. 7. Rate and Tempo of help essays Lucton Social Change is Uneven: Though social change is a must for persuasive essay topis Rotterdam School, each and every society, the rate, tempo, speed and extent of help for college School change is not uniform.

It differs from School society to society. Help Essays For College Lucton! In some societies, its speed is rapid; in another it may be slow. And in some other societies it occurs so slowly that it may not be noticed by mind College those who live in them. For example, in the modern, industrial urban society the speed and extent of change is faster than traditional, agricultural and rural society. 8. Definite Prediction of Social Change is Impossible: It is very much difficult to make out any prediction on the exact forms of social change. A thousand years ago in Asia, Europe and Latin America the face of society was vastly different from writing for college that what exists today.

But what the society will be in thousand years from now, no one can tell. But a change there will be. For example, industrialisation and urbanisation has brought about a series of interrelated changes in our family and marriage system. But we cannot predict the exact forms which social relationships will assume in future. How To Write For College University! Similarly, what shall be our ideas, attitudes and help essays for college Lucton, value in essay on how The Village School future, it is unpredictable.

9. Social Change Shows Chain-Reaction Sequences: Society is a dynamic system of interrelated parts. Changes in essays School one aspect of life may induce a series of how to essay for college Auburn University changes in other aspects. For example, with the emancipation of women, educated young women find the help, traditional type of Ashbury family and marriage not quite fit to their liking. They find it difficult to live with their parents-in-law, obeying the mother-in-law at every point. They desire separate homes. The stability of essays Lucton School marriages can no longer be taken for granted.

The changing values of women force men to essay for money The Knox, change their values also. Therefore, society is help School a system of argumentative essay Washington State University (INTO) interrelated parts. Change in its one aspect may lead to a series of changes in other aspects of the society. 10. Social Change takes place due to Multi-Number of Factors: Social change is the consequence of a number of factors.

A special factor may trigger a change but it is always associated with other factors that make the triggering possible. Social change cannot be explained in terms of one or two factors only and that various factors actually combine and become the ’cause’ of the change. M. Ginsberg observes: “A cause is an assemblage of factors which, in interaction with each other, undergo a change”. There is no single master key by which we can unlock all the writing essays Lucton School, doors leading to social change. As a matter of fact, social change is the consequence of a number of factors. 11.

Social Changes are Chiefly those of Modifications or of Replacement: Social changes may be considered as modifications or replacements. It may be modification of physical goods or social relationships. For example, the form of our breakfast food has changed. Though we eat the same basic materials such as meats, eggs corn etc. which we ate earlier, their form has been changed. Ready-to-eat cornflakes, breads, omelets are substituted for how to essay Auburn University, the form in which these same materials were consumed in earlier years. Further, there may be modifications of social relationships.

For example, the essays Lucton, old authoritarian family has become the small equalitarian family. Our attitudes towards women’s status and rights, religion, co-education etc. stand modified today. 12. Social Change may be Small-scale or Large-scale: A line of distinction is drawn between small-scale and large scale social change. Small-scale change refers to The Village School, changes within groups and organizations rather than societies, culture or civilization. According W.E. Help Writing! Moore, by small-scale changes we shall mean changes in the characteristics of social structures that though comprised within the general system identifiable as a society, do not have any immediate and major consequences for to write an essay, the generalised structure (society) as such. 13. Short-term and Long-term Change:

The conceptualization of the magnitude of change involves the next attribute of change, the time span. That is to say, a change that may be classified as ‘small-scale from a short-term perspective may turn out to have large-scale consequences when viewed over a long period of time, as the help writing for college, decreasing death rate since the 1960 in India exemplifies. 14. Social Change may be Peaceful or Violent: At times, the the critical mind Ashbury College, attribute ‘peaceful’ has been considered as practically synonymous with ‘gradual’ and ‘violent’ with ‘rapid’. The term ‘violence’ frequently refers to the threat or use of physical force involved in attaining a given change. For College School! In certain sense, rapid change may ‘violently’ affect the emotions, values and expectations of those involved. According to W.E. Moore, “A ‘true’ revolution, a rapid and fundamental alternation in the institutions or normative codes of society and mind, of its power distribution, is rapid and writing essays for college, continuous by research definition and is likely to be violent, but may well be orderly as opposed to erratic”. ‘Peaceful’ has to do with the changes that take place by consent, acceptance or acquisition and that are enforced by the normative restraints of society.

15. Social Change may be Planned or Unplanned: Social change may occur in the natural course or it is done by essays School man deliberately. Unplanned change refers to change resulting from essay Washington State natural calamities, such as famines and floods, earthquakes and volcanic eruption etc. So social change is called as the unchangeable law of nature. Help Writing School! The nature is persuasive Rotterdam Business School never at writing essays Lucton School, rest.

Planned social change occurs when social changes are conditioned by human engineering. Plans, programmes and projects are made by man in order to determine and adoption essay Washington State, control the direction of social change. Besides that by nature human beings desire change. The curiosity of a man never rests; nothing checks his desire to know. There is always a curiosity about unknown. Help Writing Essays For College School! The needs of human beings are changing day by day. So to satisfy these needs they desire change. 16. Social Change may be Endogenous or Exogenous: Endogenous social change refers to persuasive Business, the change caused by the factors that are generated by society or a given subsystem of society.

Conflict, communication, regionalism etc. Essays! are some of the examples of endogenous social change. On the other hand, exogenous sources of social change generally view society as a basically stable, well-integrated system that is disrupted or altered only by the impact of forces external to the system (e.g., world situation, wars, famine) or by new factors introduced into the system from other societies. For example, technological transfer and brain drain, political and cultural imperialism may lead to the diffusion of cultural traits beyond the limits of single societies. 17. Change Within and research paper Lucton School, Change of the help Lucton, System: The distinction between kinds of change has been developed by Talcott Parsons in essay Rotterdam Business School his analysis of change ‘within’ and change ‘of the system, i.e., the orderly process of ongoing change within the boundaries of a system, as opposed to the process resulting in changes of the structure of the system under consideration. Conflict theorists draw our attention to the fact that the cumulative effect of change ‘within’ the system may result in help Lucton a change ‘of’ the system. To conclude, some of the attributes most frequently used in describing change are: magnitude of change (small-scale, large-scale changes), time pan, direction, rate of change, amount of violence involved. These dimensions should not be taken as either/or attributes but rather as varying along a continuum from one extreme to another (e.g., revolutionary vs evolutionary).

Other categorization that have been devised involve division of changes on the basis of essay an essay The Village School such characteristics as continuous vs spasmodic, orderly vs erratic and the number of people (or roles) affected by or involved in change. Although no hard and fast categories have yet been developed into which we can fit different types of change, the use of the essays Lucton School, foregoing distinctions, may be helpful in clarifying one’s conceptualization of any type of change or at essay Rotterdam Business School, least, they can help one to understand the complexities involved in developing a definition of the subject of social change. In explaining the concept of social change, sociologists from time to time used words and expressions like evolution, growth, progress, development, revolution, adaptation etc. discarding one in preference to the other. Though the concept of evolution was known to the generation preceding the publication of Darwin’s “Origin of help writing essays Lucton Species”, the The Village School, notion of writing essays for college Lucton social evolution was taken directly from the theories of biological evolution. Research Articles Lucton School! Evolution in biological science means the developing of an organism.

It is help essays for college School a process by which a thing continuously adopts itself to its environment and manifests its own nature. Topis Rotterdam! Consequently it is a change which permeates the whole character of the object. Many social theorists from Herbert Spencer to Sumner applied this conception of ‘organic evolution’ in various ways to the explanation of writing School social change. The term ‘evolution’ is borrowed from biological sciences to Sociology. The term ‘organic evolution’ is replaced by ‘social evolution’ in sociology. Whereas the term ‘organic evolution’ is used to denote the evolution of organism, the expression of ‘social evolution is used to explain the evolution of human society. It was hoped that the theory of social evolution would explain the origin and development of College man. Anthropologists and Sociologists wanted to find a satisfactory and significant explanation of how our society evolved. They were very much impressed by the idea of help essays for college School organic evolution which explain how one species evolves into another, and wanted to apply the same to the social world. Hence, the concept of social evolution is quite popular in sociological discussion. Sociologists adopted the word ‘evolution’ to convey the sense of growth and change in social institutions.

Social institutions are the result of evolution. They began to work to trace the origin of the ideas, institutions and articles Lucton, of the developments. The term ‘evolution’ is derived from the Latin word ‘evolvere’ which means to help writing for college, ‘develop’ or ‘to unfold’. It is write essay for money School equivalent to the Sanskrit word ‘Vikas’. Evolution literally means gradually ‘unfolding’ or ‘unrolling’. It indicates changes from help essays for college Lucton School ‘within’ and not from research paper articles Lucton ‘without’. The concept of essays for college Lucton School evolution applies more precisely to the internal growth of an organism.

Evolution means more than growth. The word ‘growth’ connotes a direction of change but only of quantitative character e.g., we say population grows, town grows etc. But evolution involves something more intrinsic; change not merely in size but also in structure. According to Maclver and how to essay for college University, Page, “Evolution involves something more intrinsic, a change not merely in size but at least in structure also”. Ogburn and Nimkoff write, “Evolution is merely a change in a given direction”.

Ginsberg says, “Evolution is defined as a process of change which results in the production of something new but revealing “an orderly continuity in transition”. That is to say, we have evolution when” the series of changes that occur during a period of time appear to be, not a mere succession of changes, but a ‘continuous process’, through which a clear ‘thread of identity runs’. Evolution describes a series of interrelated changes in a system of some kind. It is a process in which hidden or latent characters of a thing reveal themselves. It is a principle of internal growth. It shows not merely what happens to help writing for college School, a thing but also what happens within it. “What is latent becomes manifest in it and what is potential is persuasive essay topis School made actual.” Evolution is an order to change which unfolds the variety of aspects belonging to the nature of changing object. We cannot speak of evolution when an object or system is writing essays Lucton changed by research articles forces acting upon it from without. The change must occur within the changing unity. Characteristics of Social Evolution : According to Spencer, “Evolution is the integration of matter and concomitant dissipation of motion during which matter passes from an indefinite, incoherent homogeneity to a definite, coherent heterogeneity.” Society, according to his view, is also subject to a similar process of evolution; that is, changing from a state of ‘incoherent homogeneity’ to a state of writing essays School ‘coherent heterogeneity.’

Evolution is, thus, a gradual growth or development from simple to complex existence. The laws of evolution which were initially fashioned after the findings of charters. Darwin, came to be known as social Darwinism during the nineteenth century. Spencer’s point of view can best be illustrated by an example. In the beginning, the most primitive stage, every individual lived an an application essay for college individualistic life, trying to writing essays Lucton, know and do things about himself alone. Every man was more or less similar, in so far as his ignorance about organized social life was concerned.

In this sense, the people were homogenous. At that stage, neither they were able to organize their social life, nor could they work together. There was no system; nothing definite, expect their incoherent or loose-group-formations. Thus, they formed “an indefinite, incoherent homogeneity,” But gradually, their experiences, realizations and knowledge increased. An Application For College Auburn University! They learnt to live and to work together. The task of social organisation was taken on, division of labour was elaborated; and each found a particular type of work which he could do best. All worked in an organized and definite way towards a definite goal. Thus, a state of “definite, coherent heterogeneity” was reached. Herbert Spencer has prescribed four important principles of help writing for college Lucton evolution. These principles are:

1. Social evolution is on cultural or human aspect of the law of School change of help writing essays for college School cosmic evolution. 2. Hence, social evolution take place in articles School the same way at all places and essays for college Lucton School, progress through some definite and the critical College, inevitable stages. 3. Social evolution is gradual. 4. Social evolution is progressive. In addition to this characteristics, other features of social evolution are clearly evident which are discussed below. Evolution is a Process of Differentiation and Integration: The concept of evolution as a process of differentiation cum-integration was first developed by the German Sociologists Von Baer and subsequently by Spencer and many others.

(i) In order to understand this statement, i.e. evolution takes place through differentiation and Integration; we have to study the history of help writing a society over argumentative Washington State University (INTO) a long, period of time. Then we shall find that its associations, institutions, etc” are constantly evolving or developing. In social evolution, new and ever newer circumstances and problems are constantly appearing. In order to cope with them, new associations and institutions are evolved. For example, a community in writing essays School a town previously. Argumentative State! When the town had been a small community, its management was the responsibility of Lucton a Panchayat or a town area committee. Now that the town has become a big commercial centre, its management is in the hands of persuasive Rotterdam Business a dozer different committees. One of them looks after the educational facilities, another looks after the sanitation, a third is deputed to look after the octroi, while a fourth manages the writing for college School, markets and so on. In this way, this differentiation increases with the evolution of the town. (ii) But without Integration, this differentiation cannot take one anywhere.

Hence, synthesis along with differentiation is necessary. In urban areas one can find various sectarian associations such as Khandayat Kshatriya Mahasabha, Kayastha society, Brahman Samiti, Napita associations etc. At the same time, one also can find institutions: ‘Arya Samaj’,” etc. which synthesize and compromise associations based on various caste and class distinctions. Today, while new nations are coming into write essay being in the human society, equally strong efforts are being made to create a world society by compromising these nations. (iii) By virtue of this double processes of differentiation and integration, the efficiency of the society is being constantly increased. Writing School! Division of mind Ashbury College labour is the writing essays for college Lucton, magic word of modern economic evolution. By an increase in the number of associations and persuasive Rotterdam, institutions in society, work in various spheres is performed more successfully. And because of the process of help essays synthesis, various spheres take advantage of each other’s efficiency also. Maclver points it out in a very systematic manner. According to mind Ashbury, him, evolution or differentiation manifests itself in society by (a) a greater division of society by labour, so that thereby a more elaborate system of cooperation, because the energy of more individuals is concentrated on more specific tasks, a more intricate nexus of functional relationships, is sustained within the group; (b) an increase in the number and the variety of functional associations and institutions, so that each is more defined or more limited in the range or character of its service; and (c) a greater diversity and refinement in the instruments of social communication, perhaps above all in the medium of language.

Various sociologists have laid stress on one or another of these aspect of evolution. Help Writing Lucton! Thus, Emile Durkheim has insisted on the preeminent importance of the social division of labour as a criterion of social development. Other writers have taken the research paper Lucton School, various aspects together and sought to show that society passes through a definite series of evolutionary stages. Social Evolution does not always proceed by Differentiation: Morris Ginsberg writes, “The notion that evolution is for college Lucton School a movement from the simple to the complex can be and has been seriously disputed.” In every field where we find the forces of differentiation at work, there the opposite trends are also manifested. For example in the development of essay languages, where the process of differentiation has been stressed, we have many disconnecting facts. The modern languages derived from Sanskrit Like Bengali, Gujarati, Telugu and Tamil cannot be compared in their structure with the richness and diversity of their origin. Here the process is not towards differentiation but towards simplification. In the development of religion too, the transition from fusion to differentiation is difficult to see. On the whole we find that social evolution does not always proceed by differentiation.

However in spite of the various difficulties, the concept of evolution still retains its usefulness. Maclver has strongly supported the principle of social evolution. He has criticised the practice of believing social evolution to be imaginary. Social evolution is a reality. Maclver has given some arguments in writing for college Lucton School favour of the reality of social evolution. He emphasizes, if we open the pages of History, we find that in the beginning there was no differentiation of institutions within human society or the performance of write essay for college diverse functions. But latter on, as culture and civilization progressed, differentiation increased and it is even now increasing. This historical fact is an evidence of the extent and element of reality in the principle of social evolution. Social Evolution and Organic Evolution : Though ‘social evolution’ is borrowed from the biological concept of ‘organic evolution’, still then these two terms are not one and the same. There are some basic differences between the two which are as follows: Firstly, organic evolution implies the differentiation in the bodily structure, which is generally in the form of new organs to use for different purpose.

But social evolution does not imply this. Man is the centre of social evolution. He need not have to writing essays, develop new organ to how to an application essay for college Auburn University, adjust himself with changed conditions of life. Because man has the capacity of inventing tools, making instruments and essays for college School, devising techniques to control the forces of School nature and to adjust himself with the natural conditions. He can look before and after. Secondly, in organic evolution, the transmission of qualities takes place through biological heredity, i.e. through ‘genes’. Help Essays For College Lucton! But social evolution takes place through ideas, discoveries, inventions and experiences.

Here the changes are transmitted mostly through the mental ability and genius of man. Thirdly, in case of organic evolution only the descending generation is affected by the structural modification, alterations. But in social evolution even the old as well as the new generations are affected by it. Research Lucton! For example, invention of new techniques and devices is influencing the present as well as the future generations. Lastly, the organic evolution is continuous. There can be no break in it. It is continuous because of the irresistible pressure within the organisation and of environment or natural forces. But such a continuity may not be observed in the case of social evolution.

It is subject to disruption. It is an intermittent. Help Lucton! It lacks continuity. Social Change and Social Evolution : Social change is an ever-present phenomenon everywhere. When we speak of social change, we suggest so far no law, no theory, no direction, even no continuity. Social change occurs in all societies and at all times. No society remains completely static.

The term ‘social change’ itself is wholly neutral, implying nothing but differences that take place in human interactions and interrelations. In explaining this concept of social change, modern sociologists from time to State, time used different words and expressions. Evolution is one of them. Many social theorists form Herbert Spencer to Sumner applied this conception of evolution in various ways to the interpretation of social change. But many modern theorists, particularly American, have abandoned the writing School, idea that social change takes place by evolutionary stages. Evolution describes a series of interrelated changes in a system of some kind. It is write for money The Knox a process in which hidden or latent characters of a thing reveal themselves. It shows not merely what happens to writing Lucton, a thing but also what happens within it.

Evolution is an order of change which unfolds the variety of aspects belonging to the nature of changing object. We cannot speak of evolution when an object or system is Business School changed by forces acting upon it from without. The change must occur within the changing unity. Essays For College! Evolution is School a process involving a changing adaptation of the object to its environment and a further manifestation of its own nature. Essays For College School! Consequently, it is a change permeating the whole character of the object, a sequence in which the equilibrium of essay topis Rotterdam Business School its entire structure undergoes modification. According to Maclver, evolution is not mere change. It is an immanent process resulting in increased complexity and differentiation. He writes, “the Kernel of organic evolution is help essays for college Lucton differentiation, a process in which latent or rudimentary characters take a distinct and variable form within the unity of the organism.” Maclver further says, evolution or differentiation manifests itself in society by (a) a greater division of labour resulting in great specialization (b) an increase in the number and on how School, variety of functional associations, (c) a greater diversity and refinement in the means of social communication. “When these changes are proceeding, society is evolving”, concludes Maclver. The concept of progress found notable expression in for college the writings of the French Philosophers such as Turgot, Condorcent and Fancis Bacon of the 18th century and has been a dynamic agent in the social activity of modern man. Sociologists such as Saint Simon, Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencer were the earlier exponents of the idea of progress.

According Comte, it was the the critical Ashbury College, intellectual elite who could bring about an writing for college Lucton era of adoption argumentative State (INTO) progress. Etymologically, the word progress means “moving forward.” But moving forward or backward, progress or regress are relative terms. If it be remarked that such and help writing for college, such country has progressed, no meaningful information can be extracted from such a statement unless the direction towards which progress has been made be known. In this way, progress is not mere change. It is a change in particular direction. The word progress cannot be appended to change in every direction. For example, if the condition of agriculture in a particular country worsens and a famine results, it is write The Knox School undeniably a change, but it will not be called progress. Progress means moving forward in the direction of achievement of some aim. Different thinkers have defined progress in different ways.

The important definitions are as follows: Maclver writes, “By progress we imply not merely direction, but direction towards some final goal, some destination determined ideally not simply by Lucton School the objective consideration at work. Lumely defines, “Progress is a change, but it is a change in a desired or approved direction, not in any direction.” Ginsberg defines progress as “A development or evolution in a direction which satisfies rational criterion of value”. According to essay topis Rotterdam, Ogburn, “Progress is a movement towards an objective thought to be desirable by the general group for School, the visible future. Burgess writes, “Any change or adoption to an existent environment that makes it easier for a person or group of persons or other organized from of life to live may be said to represent progress”. Progress means an advance towards some ideally desirable end.

Since progress means change for the critical Ashbury, the better it definitely implies a value judgement of highly subjective character. For value, like taste, has no measuring rod. A particular social change may seem to be progressive to one person to another it may seem retrogression, because they have different values. The concept of social progress is, therefore, subjective but it has reference to an objective condition. It is difficult to explain the criteria of progress which are relative to their temporal context. Social values determine progress. Whether any change will be considered as progress or not depends upon the social values. Social values change with time and help writing essays Lucton School, place.

The criteria of progress change with the change of social values. The Critical Mind College! Hence, it is difficult to formulate a universally acceptable criterion of progress. However, the help Lucton School, following can be tentatively suggested. Health and Longevity of Life: Average length of the critical College life is one index of progress whether the world is growing better. Essays For College Lucton! But it does not necessarily follow from this that a longer life must be more pleasurable and better. In the opinion of some persons, wealth or economic progress is a criterion of progress. Some people are of the view that an increase in population is a sign of the critical College progress. But over-population cannot be a sign of progress. According to some thinkers, moral conduct is the essays for college, criterion of progress. Since life has many facets, it is not possible to formulate any one criterion of progress.

But is stated that the integrated development of for money The Knox School society is the criterion of progress. Integrated development comprehends all mental, physical and essays for college School, spiritual aspects including above criteria. By analysing above definitions, we find that progress is a change, a change for the better. When we speak of progress, we simply not merely direction, but direction towards some final goal. The nature of the progress depends upon two factors, the mind, nature of the end and the distance of which we are from it. The modern writers today speak of social progress though they do not have a single satisfactory explanation of the concept. In order to have a better understanding of the meaning of progress, we have to analyse the following attributes. 1. Progress is Dependent upon Social Values:

Progress dependent upon and is determined by social values. It means that progress does not have precisely the same meaning at all times and places, because values change from time to time. There is no object which can uniformly or eternally be considered valuable irrespective of time and for college, place. Due to this reason, Maclver and Page have written, “The concept of progress is a chameleon that take on the colour of the environment when we feel adjusted to that environment, and some contrasting colour when we feel maladjusted. 2. There is how to an application a Change in Progress:

Change is writing essays Lucton one of its essential attributes. The concept of progress presupposes the presence of change. Without change, there can be no progress. 3. In Progress the Desired End is Achieved: The progress is not mere change. It is a change in a particular direction.

Broadly speaking, progress means an persuasive essay advance towards some ideally desirable end. It always refers to the changes that leads to human happiness. Not all changes imply progress. Progress from its ethical point of view, may be personal but from the sociological point of view, is communal since sociology is that science of society. In it, the individual is taken into consideration only as a part of society. Only that change, whose influence can be felt on entire community or society for writing for college Lucton School, its betterment or welfare, can be called social progress.

5. Progress is Volitional: Progress does not come about through inactivity. The Critical Ashbury College! Desire and volition are needed for progress. Efforts have to help Lucton School, be made and when these efforts are successful it is called progress. It is an uphill task. It must be remembered that every effort is not progressive. The concept of adoption argumentative essay State University progress varies from society to society, place to place and from time to time.

It does not remain constant in all times and of all places. That which is today considered as the symbol or progress may tomorrow be considered and treated as a sign of regress. For example, in India, free mixing of young boys and girls may be interpreted as an indication of essays Lucton School regress, whereas the essay School, same may symbolise progress in help writing essays School the Western Countries. 7. Criteria of Progress are Variable: As stated earlier criteria of for money School progress are relative to their temporal context.

Social values determine progress. But social values change with time and place. Therefore, criteria of progress vary from place to place. Further, different scholars have prescribed different criteria of progress. Writing Essays For College School! For example, health and paper articles, longevity have been considered as criteria of progress by some, while other have taken economic security, moral conduct as the criteria of progress. 8. Progress does not have a Measuring Rod:

The term progress is very much subjective and value-loaded. It is not demonstrable with a degree of certainty. We cannot show it to others unless they first accept our evaluations. We may or may not agree that there is progress, but we cannot prove it. Progress is a reality which is immeasurable and undemonstrable. Anything that cannot be demonstrated and measured scientifically cannot be rejected socially. It is especially true in the case of progress.

To conclude, progress conveys the sense of something better and improved. The advancement in writing essays for college Lucton technology was opposed to contribute to progress. But, these developments did not carry the sense of progress. It was advancement only in how to an application for college Auburn a particular direction. The comprehensiveness of progress was missing. The extremes of poverty and help essays for college Lucton, health, of ignorance and on how The Village, enlightenment had continued to coexist as ever before. Progress as conceived over the ages past, is now considered to be illusive. The end of progress, it has come to be accepted, cannot be determined. The ‘progress’ in the West did not meet all its ends. It did not bring the help essays Lucton School, fulfillment, that was taken to be its true aim.

For this, the use of the term progress was considered inappropriate. The application of the term fell into disfavour. More so, the The Village School, growing belief that sociology should be value-free also discouraged the use of this expression. Social Change and Social Progress : Change is the basic content of both evolution and progress. But the term change is wholly neutral, only suggesting variation in a phenomena over, a period of time. The moment the help writing essays for college, specifications like direction, desirability, and value-judgement are added to change, another terminology ‘progress’ becomes necessary to describe the process of an application essay for college Auburn University change. Progress is not mere change. Help Writing Essays School! It is a change in persuasive topis Rotterdam Business particular direction. It cannot be appended to change in every direction. The word progress means moving forward in the direction and achievement of some desired goal.

It is certainly a change, a change for the better not for the worse. The concept of progress always involves and implies value judgement. It is not possible to speak of progress without reference to standards. Not all changes imply progress. But social change is a generic term, an objective term describing one of the fundamental processes. There is no value-judgement attached to it. It is true that some changes are beneficial to mankind and some are harmful.

But social change is for college School neither moral nor immoral, but amoral. The study of social change involves no value-judgement, while the concept of social progress implies values judgement. Social progress means improvement, betterment, moving to a higher level from a lower level. Social Evolution and Social Progress : In the earlier theories of biological evolution, the concept of social evolution was intimately connected with social progress. For the social evolutionists of the nineteenth century from Auguste Comte to Herbert Spencer and essay The Village, Lester F. Ward, social evolution was, in effect, social progress. Modern sociologists, particularly Americans, do not hold this proposition. They point out that evolution does not mean progress, because when a society is help writing essays Lucton School more evolved it does not necessarily follow that it is more progressive.

If it would have been progressive, Maclver and persuasive topis Rotterdam Business School, Page remark that people in the more evolved society are better or better fitted to survive or more moral or more healthy than those we call primitive. Even if the opposite writing, were true, it would not refute the fact that their society is more evolved.” Social evolution should also be distinguished from social progress. Firstly L.T. Hobhouse says, evolution means a sort of growth while .social progress means the growth of social life in to write School respect of those qualities to which human beings attach or can rationally attach value. The relation between the two is thus a ‘genus-species’ relation. Social progress is only one among many possibilities of social evolution; any or every form of social evolution is writing essays for college School not a form of essay on how to write The Village School social progress. For example, caste system in India is a product of social evolution. But it does not signify progress. Hobhouse concludes, “that it is good, the fact that society has evolved is no proof that it progressed. Secondly, evolution is merely change in a given direction.

It describes a series of interrelated changes in a system of some kind. It refers to an objective condition which is not evaluated as good or bad. On the contrary, progress means change in a direction determined ideally. In other words, it can be said, progress means change for the better not for the worse. It implies a value-judgement.

The evolutionary process may move in accordance with our notion of desirable change, but there is no logical necessity that it should. The concept of progress necessarily involves a concept of end. And the concept of end varies with the mentality and experience of the individual and the group. The affirmation of evolution “depends on our perception of objective evidences, whereas the affirmation or denial of progress depends on our ideals.” It follows that evolution is a scientific concept and progress is an ethical concept. Evolution is help writing essays for college Lucton School a demonstrable reality; out the term progress is very much subjective and an essay, value-loaded and is not demonstrable with a degree of certainty.

While social evolution is clearly distinguished from social progress, we must not loose sight of their relationships. Help Writing For College! Ethical valuations or ideas (Progress) are socially determined and hence determine the objective phenomena (Evolution) of society. They have always been powerful in shaping and moving the world. In some manner they are active in every process of social change. “All social change has this double character.” From the above analysis we find, though the above three concepts, social change, social evolution and social progress share many common reference points, they have different intellectual framework. They all articulate same consequential effects. In all the three processes, one cause produces a number of the critical effects, the effect and cause get intermixed to produce other new effects, again new connections between cause and effect are established and so on goes the help writing Lucton School, process. Factors of Social Change : A sociological explanation of change refers not only to the structure that changes but also the factors that effect such a change. Adoption Argumentative University! Social change has occurred in all societies and in all periods of help Lucton School time.

We should, therefore, know what the factors are that produce change. Of course there is little consensus among the an essay School, representatives of theoretical proposition on writing Lucton, the sources. Besides, the linear as well as the cyclical theorists paid little attention to write essay for money School, the determinations of factors involved in social change. Morris Ginsberg has made a systematic analysis of the factors which have been invoked by different writers to explain social change. Here, our analysis is confined to sociological implantation of the origins and causes of writing for college School change. Cause will be defined here as set of on how to write an essay The Village School related factors which, taken together, are both sufficient and necessary for essays Lucton, the production of a certain effect. Attempt has been made to take up each factors of social change by itself and find out the way in which it effects social change.

These factors are treated independently, purely for purpose of understanding and we are not of the view that they can influence social change independent of other factors. Technological factor constitute one important source of persuasive topis School social change. Technology, an invention, is a great agent of social change. It either initiates or encourages social change. Technology alone holds the key to change. When the scientific knowledge is applied to the problems of life, it becomes technology. In order to writing Lucton School, satisfy his desires, to fulfill his needs and to write an application Auburn University, make his life more comfortable, man builds civilisation. The dawn of help Lucton School this new civilization is the single most explosive fact of our lifetimes. It is the central event, the key to the understanding of the years immediately ahead. We have already crossed the College, first wave (agricultural revolution). We are now the children of the writing for college Lucton, next transformation i.e. the third wave.

We go forward to describe the full power and reach of this extraordinary change. Research Articles Lucton School! Some speak of a “Looming Space Age”, “Information Age”, “Electronic Era”, or “Global ‘ Village”. Brezezinski has told us, we face a “Technetronic Age”. Sociologist Daniel Bell describes the coming of a “Post-Industrial Society”. Soviet futurists speak of the STR-‘The Scientific-Technological Revolution”. School! Alvin Toffler has written extensively about the arrival of a “Super Industrial Society”. Technology is fast growing. Every technological advance makes it possible for us to attain certain results with less effort, at how to Auburn, less cost and at writing for college School, less time. It also provides new opportunities and adoption argumentative essay State, establishes new conditions of life. The social effects of technology are far-reaching. In the words of W.F.

Ogburn, “technology changes society by changing our environment to which we in turn adapt. This change is usually in the material environment and the adjustment that we make with these changes often modifies our customs and social institutions”. Ogburn and Nimkoff have pointed that a single invention may have innumerable social effects. According to them, radio, for example, has influenced our entertainment, education, politics, sports, literature, knowledge, business, occupation and our modes of organisation. They have given a list consisting of 150 effects of writing Lucton School radio in U.S.A. The pace of change in the modern era is persuasive essay Rotterdam Business School easily demonstrated by reference to rates of technological development.

The technological revolution enabled human kind to shift from hunting and gathering to sedentary agriculture and later to develop civilizations. Technological revolutions enabled societies to industrialize urbanize, specialize, bureaucratize, and take on characteristics that are considered central aspects of modern society. “Modern technology,” remarks the economic historian David Landes, “produces not only essays Lucton School more, faster; it turns out objects that could not have been produced under any circumstances by the craft methods of yesterday. Most important, modern technology has created things that could scarcely have been conceived in the pre-industrial era the camera, the motor car, the aeroplane, the whole array of electronic devices from the radio to the high speed computer, the nuclear power plant, and so on almost adinfinitum…. The result has been an enormous increase in the output and essay Washington State University, variety of goods and services, and this alone has changed man’s way of essays for college life more than anything since the discovery of fire…” Every technological revolution has brought about increase in the world population. Development and advancement of agriculture resulted in the increase of population in the agricultural communities; rise of commerce gave birth to on how an essay The Village School, the populous towns, international trade and international contact and the industrial revolution set the human society on for college, the new pedestal. Technological changes have influenced attitudes, beliefs and traditions. The factory system and industrialization, urbanization and the rise of working class, fast transport and communication have demolished old prejudices, dispelled superstitions, weakened casteism, and to write an essay The Village, has given rise to the class based society. Ogborn even goes to the extent of suggesting that the starter in motor car had something to do with the help School, emancipation of women in the America and Western Europe. Development in transport and for money, communication has changed the outlook of the help writing essays for college, people. Railways in India have played tremendous role in how to write essay for college Auburn bringing about social mixing of the help essays for college School, people.

It has helped people to move out of their local environments and take up jobs in distant corners of the country. Movement of people from East to the critical mind Ashbury, West and help School, North to South has broken social and regional barriers. There have come into existence new vocations and trades. People have begun to give up their traditional occupations and are taking to work in the factories and in the offices-commercial as well as Government. Essay On How The Village School! This has also made possible the vertical mobility. A person can now aspire to take up an writing School occupation with higher status than he could have ever thought of in the pre-technological days.

Technology has brought about how to write an application University, Green Revolution with abundance and variety for the rich. The rapid changes of every modern society are inextricably interwoven or connected with and somehow dependent upon the development of help essays Lucton School new techniques, new inventions, new modes of production and new standards of living. Technology thus is a great bliss. It has made living worthwhile for the conveniences and comfort it provides, and has created numerous vocations, trades and professions. While, giving individual his rightful place, it has made the collectivity supreme. Technologies are changing and their social consequences are profound. Fundamental changes brought by technology in research School social structure are discussed as under: 1. Writing Essays For College Lucton! Birth of Factory System: The introduction of College machines in help essays School the industry has replaced the system of individual production by the factory or mill system. It has led to the creation of huge factories which employ thousands of adoption University (INTO) people and where most of the writing essays Lucton, work is performed automatically.

The birth of gigantic factories led to urbanisation and big cities came into persuasive essay topis Business existence. Many labourers, who were out of employment in rural areas migrated to the sites to work and settled around it. As the cities grew, so did the help writing essays for college School, community of ‘labourers and with it was felt the need for all civic amenities which are essential for society. How To Essay For College Auburn! Their needs were fulfilled by establishing market centers, schools, colleges, hospitals, and recreation clubs. For College! The area further developed when new business came to it with the formation of large business houses. 3. Argumentative Essay Washington (INTO)! Development of New Agricultural Techniques: The introduction of machinery into the industry led to help writing School, the development of new techniques in agriculture. Agricultural production was increased due to the use of new chemical manure. The quality was also improved by research paper Lucton School the use of superior seeds.

All these factors resulted in increase of production. In India, the effect of technology is most apparent in this direction because India is preeminently an agricultural country. 4. Development of Means of Transportation and Communication: With the development of technology, means of transportation and communication progressed at a surprising rate. These means led to the mutual exchanges between the essays Lucton, various cultures. Argumentative Essay State! Newspapers, radios, televisions etc. helped to bring news from every corner of the world right into the household. The development of the car, rail, ship and Lucton, aeroplane made transportation of commodities much easier.

As a result national and international trade made unprecedented progress. 5. Evolution of New Classes: Industrialisation and urbanisation gave birth to the emergence of new classes in modern society. Class struggle arises due to division of society into classes having opposite-interests. 6. New Conceptions and essay, Movements: The invention of mechanism has also culminated in help essays the generation of new currents in the prevalent thinking. ‘Trade Union’ movements, ‘Lockouts’, ‘Strikes”, “Hartals’, ‘Processions’, ‘Pen down’ became the essay topis Business School, stocks-in-trade of those who want to promote class interest. These concepts and movements become regular features of economic activity. The effects of technology on major social institution may be summed up in the following manner: Technology has radically changed the family organisation and relation in help writing essays for college Lucton School several ways.

Firstly, small equalitarian nuclear family system based on love, equality, liberty and freedom is replacing the old, authoritarian joint family system. Due to invention of birth, control method, the size of family reduced. Secondly, Industrialisation destroying the to write an essay School, domestic system of production has brought women from home to the factories and office. The employment of women meant their independence from the bondage of man. If brought a change in their attitudes and ideas. Essays School! It meant a new social life for women. It consequently affected every part of the family life. Thirdly due to technology, marriage has lost its sanctity.

It is now regarded as civil contract rather than a religious sacrament. Romantic marriage, inter-caste marriage and late marriages are the effects of technology. Instances of divorce, desertion, separation and broken families are increasing. Lastly, though technology has elevated the status of women, it has also contributed to the stresses and strains in the relations between men and women at home. It has lessened the importance of family in the process of socialisation of its members. Technology has effected wide range of changes in our religious life. Many religious practices and ceremonies which once marked the individual and social life, have now been abandoned by them. With the School, growth of scientific knowledge and help essays School, modern education, the faith of the write for money, people in several old religious beliefs and activities have shaken.

The most striking change due to technological advance, is the change in economic organisation. Help Writing For College! Industry has been taken away from the essay Rotterdam School, household and new types of economic organisation like factories, stores, banks, joint stock companies, stock-exchanges, and corporation have been setup. It has given birth to capitalism with all its attendant evils. Division of help essays Lucton School labour, specialization of function, differentiation and persuasive essay Business School, integration all the products of technology. Though it has brought in higher standard of living, still then by creating much more middle classes, it has caused economic depression, unemployment, poverty, industrial disputes and infectious diseases. Effects on State: Technology has affected the State in several ways. The functions of the State has been widened.

A large number of functions of family, such as educative, recreation, health functions have been transferred to the State. The idea of social welfare State is an offshoot of help for college Lucton technology. Transportation and communication are leading to a shift of functions from local Government to the Central Government. The modern Government which rule through the bureaucracy have further impersonalised the human relations. Technological innovations have changed the whole gamut of social and cultural life. The technological conditions of the modern factory system tend to weaken the rigidity of the research paper Lucton School, caste system and strengthen industrializations. It has changed the basis of social stratification from birth to help writing essays Lucton, wealth. Urbanization, a consequence of the critical Ashbury College technological advance, produces greater emotional tension and mental strain, instability and economic insecurity. There is masking of one’s true feelings. Socially, the urbanites are poor in the midst of plenty. “They feel lonely in the crowd”. On all sides, one is confronted with “human machines which possess motion but not sincerity, life but not emotion, heart but not feelings”.

Technology has grown the sense of individualism. It has substituted the ‘handi work’ with ‘head work’. It is clear from the above explanation that technology has profoundly altered our modes of writing for college Lucton life and also thought. It is capable of bringing about vast changes in society. But is should not be considered as a sole factor of social change. Man is the master as well as a servant of the machine. Argumentative Essay! He has the ability to help writing essays for college Lucton, alter the circumstances which have been the creation of his own inventions or technology. Cultural Factor of Social Change : Among all the factors, cultural factor is the most important which works as a major cause of social change. Culture is essay for money The Knox School not something static. It is always in flux.

Culture is help Lucton School not merely responsive to changing techniques, but also it itself is Rotterdam Business School a force directing social change. Culture is the internal life forces of society. It creates itself and develops by itself. It is men who plan, strive and act. The social heritage is never a script that is followed slavishly by essays for college School people. A culture gives cues and direction to social behaviour. Technology and material inventions may influence social change but direction and degree of this depends upon the cultural situation as a whole. “Culture is the realm of final valuation”. Men interpret the whole world. He is the master as well as the servant of his own inventions or technology. To employ Maclver’s simile, technological means may be represented by a ship which can set sail to various ports. The port we sail to remains a cultural choice.

Without the ship we could not sail at all. According to the character of the ship we sail fast of ‘slow, take longer or shorter voyages. Our lives are also accommodated to essay to write The Village School, the conditions on ship board and our experiences vary accordingly. But the writing essays, direction in which we travel is not predestinated by Ashbury the design of the ship. The port to which we sail, the direction in which we travel, remains totally of a cultural choice. It should be noted that technology alone cannot bring vast changes in help writing School society.

In order to be effective “The technology must have favourable cultural support”. When the cultural factor responds to the critical College, technological change, it also reacts on it so as to writing for college, influence the direction and character of social change. It may be noted that culture not only research paper articles Lucton School influences our relationship and values but also influences the direction and character of technological change. Help! For example, different countries like Great Britain, Soviet Union, U.S.A. and India may adopt the same technology, but in so far as their prevalent outlook on life differs, they will apply it in different directions and to different ends. The atomic energy can be used for munition of war and for production purposes. The industrial plant can turn out armaments or necessaries of life. Steel and iron can be used for building purposes and for warships. Fire can be used for constructive and destructive purposes. For a better understanding of the relationship between culture and technology, let us analyse here the concept of “cultural lag”. The concept of ‘cultural lag’, has become a favourite one with sociologists, it is an expression that has a particular appeal in an age in which inventions discoveries and innovations of many kinds are constantly disturbing and threatening older ways of living. In this context, it will serve also to introduce the principle that cultural conditions are themselves important agencies in the process of social change.

The concept of ‘cultural lag’ was first explicitly formulated by W.F. Ogburn in School his treaties entitled ‘Social Change’. Lag means crippled movement. Help For College Lucton School! Hence, ‘cultural lag’ means the phases of culture which fall behind other phases that keep on moving ahead. Ogburn’s idea of ‘cultural lag’ is perhaps one of the most important concept influencing the fact of College discussion regarding technology and social change. Ogburn distinguishes between “material” and ‘non-material’ culture. By ‘material culture’ he means things which are ‘tangible’, visible, seen or touched like goods, tools, utensils, furniture, machine. But the ‘non-material’ culture includes things which cannot be touched or tangible such as family, religion, skill, talent.

Government and education etc. According to Ogburn, when changes occur in ‘material culture’, those in turn stimulate changes in ‘non-material’ culture, particularly in what he terms the ‘adaptive’ culture. Help For College! According to Ogburn, material culture changes by a process which is for college Auburn University different in help Lucton pace from changes in non-material culture. The larger the technological knowledge of paper articles School a society, the greater the possibility of a new combinations and innovations. Thus, material culture tends to grow exponentially. Because society cannot develop methods of controlling and utilizing new technology before the technology is accepted and used.

There exists a “cultural lag” in creating controls and altering social relationship related to new conditions brought about by new technology. Cultural lag is due to for college School, man’s psychological dogmatism. To Write The Village School! He is wedded to certain ideologies regarding sex, education and religion. On account of his dogmatic beliefs and ideologies, he is not prepared to change his social institutions. The failure to adopt social institutions to the changes in writing essays Lucton the material culture leads to cultural lag. But Maclver points out that “unfortunately it is often adopted without adequate analysis and consequently it has not been developed in a clear and effective manner. According to him, the distinction is not a workable one. Nor again should be assumed that, it is always the ‘material’ or that the main problem is one of adapting the ‘non-material’ to paper, the ‘material’ culture. Maclver also observes that the term ‘lag’ is not properly applicable to essays School, relations between technological factors and the cultural patterns or between the various components of the cultural pattern itself. He has used different words like, ‘technological lag’, ‘technological restraint’, for the resulting imbalance in the different parts of culture. Kingsley Davis, in his ‘Human Society’ holds that the write an application essay for college Auburn University, aspect of culture cannot be divided into material and non-material and that this distinction in no way helps us to understand the nature of technology.

Other sociologists, Sutherland, Wood Ward and help writing, Maxwell, in their book ‘Introductory Sociology’ point out that Ogburn is guilty of over simplifying the processes of social change. Social change is a complex phenomenon. The rate, speed and direction of social change is not the same everywhere. So it cannot be explained by simply saying that change first takes place in persuasive Rotterdam Business material culture and thereafter in non-material culture. Ogburn has taken an over simple materialistic view of society. In spite of various shortcomings, Ogburn’s theory of cultural lag has been proved to be beneficial for the understanding of the cultural factor in bringing about help essays for college, social change. How To Write For College Auburn University! It has been acknowledged by all that there is an intimate connections between the technological advance and our cultural values. Hence, we may note here that our culture, our thoughts, values, habits are the consequences of technological changes; the latter also is the consequences of changes of the former.

Both technology and cultural factors are the two important sources of social change. The two are not only interdependent but also interactive. Man does not simply want a thing but he wants a thing which may also be beautiful and appealing to his senses. Dowson and Gettys, in introduction to Sociology’, rightly remark, “Culture tends to give direction and momentum to social change to set limits beyond which social change cannot occur. It is the culture which has kept the social relationship intact.

It makes people think not of their own but also of the others. Any change in essays cultural valuation will have wider repercussion on the personality of the individual and the structure of the group. Every technological invention, innovation, new industrial civilization or new factor disturbs an old adjustment. The disturbance created by mechanism was so great that it seemed to be the enemy of culture, as indeed all revolutions seem. The wealth-bringing machine brought also, ugliness, shoddiness, haste, standardization.

It brought new hazards, new diseases, and industrial fatigue. That was not the fault of the essay School, machines and power plants. It was due to help essays for college Lucton, the ruthlessness and greed of those who controlled these great inventions. Essay! But human values or cultural values reasserted themselves against economic exploitation. Culture began, at first very slowly, to redirect the new civilization. It made the new means of living at length more tractable to the uses of personality and new arts blossomed on the ruins of the School, old. To conclude, social systems are directly or indirectly the creation of cultural values.

So eminent sociologist Robert Bierstedt has rightly remarked, “What people think, in short, determines in every measure… what they do and articles Lucton School, what they want”. Thus, there a definite relation is a definite relation between changing beliefs and attitudes and changing social institutions. So Hobhouse says, there is “a broad correlation between the system of writing essays Lucton School institutions and mentally behind them”. Demographic Factor of Social Change: The demographic factor plays the most decisive role in causing social change. The quantitative view of demography takes into account the factors that determine the population: its size, numbers, composition, density and the local distribution etc. The population of every community is always changing both in numbers and in composition.

The changes in population have a far-reaching effect on society. Essay! During the essays for college School, 19th century, the population of write an application essay University most countries of Western Europe fell down. During the same time also, the death rate of these countries declined. This double phenomenon is unprecedented in for college School the history of man. Population changes have occurred all through human history. It is due to various reasons such as migration, invasion, and war, pestilence, changing food supply and changing mores.

There was depopulation and overpopulation in times past. The swift and steady decline of both the birth rate and death in the past 70 years or so witnesses to a great social transformation. In a society where the the critical, size or number of help writing School female children is greater than the number of male children, we will find a different system of courtship, marriage and family disorganisation from for money The Knox that where the case is reverse. Women command less respect in for college Lucton School that community where their numbers are more. It has always been recognised that there exists a reciprocal relation between population and paper articles Lucton, social structure. The social structure influences population changes and is affected by them. It is help writing for college School beyond doubt that economic conditions and population rates are interdependent. Increasing 254 Social Change interaction results from an how to write for college Auburn increase in the size and for college Lucton School, density of population. Increase in population also leads to an increase of social differentiation and a division of research articles Lucton labour.

With the changes in size, number and density of population, changes take place in help for college Lucton School composition. How To An Application Auburn University! The most important reasons for the contemporary population explosion are the tremendous technological changes on the one hand and a most spectacular advance in for college School controlling the diseases by science and preventive medicines on the other hand. Advancement in science and technology is indirectly boosting the essay Business School, world population by delaying the death rate. Help Writing Essays Lucton School! For example, take the case of ‘Malaria’. This disease was responsible for the death of million of people in India and other countries. But it has now been completely eliminated by destroying the malaria carrying mosquitoes with the use of pesticides. Surgery too has advanced so much today. The vital organs of human body such as kidney and heart can be transplanted or replaced when worn out. The growth of population has given birth to a great variety of essay for money The Knox School social problems such as unemployment, child labour, wars, competition and production of synthetic goods. It has led to urbanization with all its attendant evils. Countries with growing population and relatively limited resources have an incentive to imperialism and to militarism.

These attitudes in turn, encourage a further increase of population. Help Essays Lucton School! Increase in population threatens the standards of living and thus inspires a change of essay for money School attitude. Due to unprecedented growth of population in the 19th century, the practice of birth control took a new development. This practice (use of contraceptive), in essays for college School turn, had many repercussions on family relationships and even on attitudes towards marriage. With a change in research paper articles School population, there is also a change in a pattern of ‘consumption’. Societies having large number of children are required to spend relatively large amounts of money on food and education. On the essays Lucton School, other hand, societies with large proportions of elderly people have to spend relatively more amount on medical care. In some cases, population changes may initiate pressures to change political institutions. For example, changes in the age, sex or ethnic composition of for money The Knox School a people of then complicates the political process of essays School country.

Besides, there is research paper Lucton School a close relationship between the growth of population and the level of physical health and vitality of the people. Because there are many mouths to feed, none gets enough nutritious food to eat, as a result chronic malnutrition and associated diseases become prevalent. These, induce physical incompetence, apathy and lack of enterprise. Help Writing Essays For College School! Due to these people’s low level of physical well-being, they are socially backward and unprogressive. They show their indifference to essay Rotterdam, improve their material welfare. An underfed, disease-ridden people are lethargic people. Moreover, if the growth of population is checked, it would mean a higher standard of living, the emancipation of women from child-bearing drudgery, better care for the young and consequently a better society. Demographers have shown that variation in the density of population also affects nature of our social relationship. Help Essays For College School! In a low population density area, the people are said to exhibit a greater degree of primary relationship whereas in the area of high density of for college population, the relationship between people is said to superficial and secondary. In the opinion of help essays School Worth, high density areas witness the growth of mental stress and loneliness of life. The importance of demography as a factor of social change has been realised by various sociologists and economists.

An eminent French sociologist, Emile Durkheim, went on write The Knox School, to the extent of developing a new branch of sociology dealing with population which he called “Social Morphology” which not only essays for college Lucton School analyses the adoption essay Washington (INTO), size and quality of population but also examine how population affects the quality of social relationships and social groups. Durkheim has pointed out that our modern societies are not only characterised by help essays Lucton increasing division of labour but also specialisation of function. The increasing division of labour and specialization of function have a direct correlation with the increasing density of population. He stresses on the fact that in a simple society with comparatively lesser number of people, the necessity of adoption argumentative essay Washington State complex division of labour is less felt. This society, according to Durkheim, is based on “mechanical solidarity”. But as the groups grow in size and complexity with the increase in writing for college population, the “services of the experts” are more required. The society, according to him, moves towards “organic solidarity”.

There is, so to say, a drift from mechanical to organic solidarity. M. David Heer, in his book “Society and Population”, has developed a “theory of demographic transition”. How To! The theory was popularised just after the end of World War-II. It has provided a comprehensive explanation of the writing essays School, effects of essay Washington (INTO) economic development both on fertility and mortality decline. Schneidar and Dornbusch, in their book “Popular Religion”, have pointed that decline in mortality rate evokes several changes in social structure. They have stressed on the point that due to decline in mortality rate in writing for college School USA since 1875, negative attitude towards religious beliefs have been cultivated by the people. They also point out that in a society wherein children die before reaching the essay an essay School, age of five, parents may not develop a strong emotional attachment to their children and also in a high mortality society, arranged marriages are common, but in a low mortality society love marriages become the dominant feature.

Again when mortality rate is School high, individual tends to the critical Ashbury, have a weaker orientation towards the future and stronger orientation towards the present. Thomas Robert Malthus, an English cleargyman, mathematician and economist, was one of the earliest demographers. In his work, “An Essay on help essays for college, the Principles of an essay Population”, published in 1978, he mentioned that under normal conditions, population would grow by geometrical progression, whereas the means of subsistence would grow by arithmetical progression. The imbalance or lag or gap between the two would create a lot of problems for society. That is why, Malthus has pleaded for two types of checks which can keep the population down. He spoke of help essays School hunger and disease as positive check, and late marriage and enforced celibacy as the preventive check. From the above analysis, we find that demographic factor has been contributing to the great transformations in an essay School society’s socioeconomic and political structure throughout human history. For example, most countries in Asia where more than half world population is now living, is characterised by high birth rate.

These countries in general and Indian society in particular, are passing through a critical period of great poverty, unemployment and help writing essays Lucton, moral degeneration. The gap between the living standards of general masses of these countries and that of the developed countries is widening. The gap is cruelly frustrating the third world country’s hopes for research articles School, development. With the current rate of population increase, it is for college School expected that the total requirements for future health, education, housing and many other welfare needs are bound to increase. This will certainly bring the drastic changes not only in the microstructures, but also in macrostructures of Indian society. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.

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