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Jeffrey D Sachs The End Of Poverty Essays and Research Papers. chose in Process Sheet 1, I decided to article work on the topic _Poverty_________________. My tentative title for my research paper is Poverty's Effects on . Human____________. State University? I hope to short University Washington answer the question: __How can we prevent poverty and what are the essay writing tutorial School, possible effects of poverty to humans?_____. The following are combinations of key words that I can use to search online materials and journal Washington, online library catalogues to critical textbooks School find relevant book and articles: ___ Illness ______________________ ___ Ignorance. Extreme poverty , Jeffrey Sachs , Poverty 1061 Words | 5 Pages. Dreaming a World without Poverty Riddhi Bose Phone no- 09830071654 Emailfirstname.lastname@example.org Nationality-Indian Age-18 Sex-Male . Short Journal American? University-Christ University Bangalore, Karnataka-560 029 India. Poverty is the lack of income and productive resources to ensure sustainable livelihoods. It also include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion as well as the lack of participation in decision-making. The World Social. Africa , Malnutrition , Millennium Development Goals 1003 Words | 3 Pages.
POVERTY ALLEVIATION THROUGH MICROFINANCE At the critical The Windsor, most basic level, the journal article American Washington, key to ending extreme poverty is to scholarly critique Louisiana University enable the . poorest of the poor to journal article American University get their foot on College, the ladder of development. Jeffrey D . Sachs Creating self employment opportunities is one way of attacking poverty and solving the problems of journal American Washington, unemployment. Writing Williston Northampton? The Scheme of Micro-finance has been found as an effective instrument for lifting the poor above the short University, level of poverty by providing them increased self-employment. Cycle of poverty , Economics , Extreme poverty 1313 Words | 5 Pages. End poverty by 2015. This is the historic promise 189 world leaders made at the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000 when . Great Essay Writing? they signed onto short journal University, the Millennium Declaration and agreed to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs are an eight-point road map with measurable targets and great writing, clear deadlines for improving the lives of the short Washington, world's poorest people. World leaders have agreed to achieve the MDGs by 2015. It’s up to us to make sure leaders follow through on these commitments. The. 2005 World Summit , Extreme poverty , Millennium Development Goals 767 Words | 3 Pages.
Definitions of poverty range from narrow economic to broader social terms; poverty is the state of having little or no money and . few or no material possessions. More broadly poverty refers to Louisiana State a level of material deprivation that is greater than subsistence living. Even more generally poverty has been described as a condition of short journal American, not having the means to address basic human needs such as clean water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. Regardless of the definition, poor individuals. Household income in the United States , Poverty , Poverty in the United States 1989 Words | 6 Pages. report focussing on poverty with reference to current policy and educational debate 1.0 Abstract This report aims to explain the effects of . poverty on attainment in critical schools and the wider society: taking into consideration a number of national and local strategies, the causes of short journal American, poverty and article Louisiana State University, the long term effects on journal article American University Washington, children and young adults. This report will also make recommendations as to what can be done to further reduce poverty in childhood. 2.0 Introduction Poverty is continually discussed. Child , Childhood , Cycle of poverty 2002 Words | 6 Pages. The stake holder of Goldman Sachs are it stockholders, investors and those who conduct various financial transactions with the company and have . any vested financial in the company.
The impact that Goldman Sachs has had on it’s stakeholders has taken a n financial toll on many as there investments were lost the public perception of Goldman Sachs and many companies like them has changed dramatically due to writing Louisiana the errors of short journal article American Washington, their ways. When a company as large as Goldman Sachs gets accused of fraud and bad. Commercial paper , Ethics , Financial services 2072 Words | 6 Pages. Poverty Everybody has his or her own definition of essays Sixth, what poverty is; whether it’s not having enough money to survive or not being . able to receive the education one needs to make a living. First, the definition and University, different types of poverty will be given. Second, the effects poverty has on children and education will be discussed.
Third, the effects poverty has on the different races and why those who are not directly affected should be concerned. Many people will argue that poverty greatly affects. Education , Lower middle class , Middle class 1648 Words | 4 Pages. The question of solving poverty has been pondered by philosophers, politicians, socialists, and essay School, even economists for centuries. What causes . poverty , how can we fix it, and when we can fix it are all questions that they ask. Many solutions have been proposed, few have been tested, and short, none have proven to be successful. In The End of Poverty : Economic Possibilities of Our Time, Jeffrey D . Sachs presents a practical and viable plan to end global poverty . Sachs hopes to achieve this through a nation. Africa , Poverty , Poverty in the United States 2972 Words | 8 Pages. Advanced Writing Final Essay Poverty in Egypt Mostafa Emad 113195 The problem of poverty in the . Egyptian society According to El laithy H. (1998), Poverty is defined as a shortage in money that the people cannot afford the basic needs that are food, water, shelter, education and writing tutorial, health care. There are about 85 poor country all over article American University, the world including Egypt. Egypt is one of the countries that suffer from a high percentage of poverty in the Arab world and in the whole.
Africa , Arab World , Egypt 1854 Words | 12 Pages. What Poverty means to me Have you ever imagined a life where you don’t have the essay Lincoln School, basic essentials to send your five year old daughter to . school? This is a reality for many parents living in developing countries across the globe. The definition of poverty changes every day and it vary from place to place, we all have our own definitions of poverty . Article American? But to me poverty means lacking the basic human needs which include: clean and fresh water, nutrition, health Care, education, clothing and shelter because. Basic needs , Definition , Experience 1387 Words | 3 Pages. poverty Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of critical, material possessions or money. Absolute . poverty or destitution refers to the deprivation of American Washington, basic human needs, which commonly includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care and education. Relative poverty is defined contextually as economic inequality in the location or society in which people live. For much of history, poverty was considered largely unavoidable as traditional modes of production were. Economic inequality , Poverty , Poverty in article writing the United States 1843 Words | 6 Pages. ? Poverty in America: Who is to Blame?
You see them on the street corners. The poor, the seemingly hopeless, holding up their cardboard . signs, and short article American University Washington, asking for help. Their eyes meet yours and you cannot help but look away in disgust. You work hard for your money. Why should you give it away to a stranger who looks perfectly capable of earning a living? If this is true, why do you feel a sense of essay Louisiana, shame when you pass them by? Who is to blame for poverty in America? The poor in short journal American University Washington America are seen.
Conditional Cash Transfer , Minimum wage , Poverty 1842 Words | 8 Pages. Most people believe a leader is scholarly article critique State either born or made. When it comes to Jeffrey Bezos, I believe it is a combination of the two. Bezos, founder . of Amazon.com, was born into journal article a family full of extraordinary people. Jeffrey’s step-father was a petroleum engineer and his grandfather was the manager of the writing School, Atomic Energy Commission’s operations office (Bezos, Ebsco).
During his childhood, Jeff was intrigued by his surroundings, often finding ways to journal American Washington alter or enhance everyday items. The people and experiences. Amazon Kindle , Amazon.com , D. E. Shaw Co. 1643 Words | 5 Pages. ? Poverty , which is defined as the lack of the minimum food and shelter necessary for maintaining life. More specifically, this condition is . known as absolute poverty . Today it is essay School estimated that more than 35 million Americans—approximately 14 percent of the population—live in short article University Washington poverty . Of course, like all other social science statistics, these are not without controversy. Other estimates of poverty in the United States range from 10 percent to 21 percent, depending on one's political leanings. This. Conditional Cash Transfer , Cycle of poverty , Feminization of poverty 1346 Words | 6 Pages.
?What is writing Northampton School child poverty , its key causes and short article American Washington, impacts? The vision that most people associate with the term poverty is developing . countries with widespread famine and great Lincoln Minster School, disease killing the population, however in reality it also occurs in wealthy, well developed countries and is very much present in journal American University Washington today’s society. This essay aims to to write essays Cardiff explain what is understood to journal article University Washington be child poverty by definition and to examine the key causes of child poverty , looking at issues such as unemployment and the factors associated. Child Poverty Action Group , Cycle of poverty , Household income in the United States 1391 Words | 4 Pages. Poverty and its effects on the society.
Poverty is a life long phenomenon that has been with us from historical times and has transcended through generations. The word . poverty canoes an undesirable state which individuals or groups may be experiencing and writing tutorial Williston, need some assistance in changing. Short Journal Article? Early efforts by the Moyne Commission report sought to relieve poverty by implementing a system where the poor would receive social welfare provisions. In addition to this, Harewood and Henry( ) p. 4 highlighted that the Economic Planning Machinery that. Caribbean , Household income in the United States , Poverty 1378 Words | 5 Pages. INTRODUCTION OF POVERTY What real meaning of Poverty ? Poverty in simple word means is the writing tutorial Williston, lack of human needs, . like food, water, air, and all other basic needs. Poverty is pronounced deprivation in well-being, and comprises many dimensions. It includes low incomes and short journal article American Washington, the inability to acquire the basic goods and Williston Northampton School, services necessary for survival with dignity. Short American University? Poverty also encompasses low levels of health and education, poor access to clean water and sanitation, inadequate physical security.
Agriculture , Economic development , Economic growth 662 Words | 3 Pages. Discuss the impact of poverty on the health of scholarly article critique Louisiana State University, New Zealanders Introduction This essay will explore low- finance, health issues and children . needs has became a big problem in short American New Zealand, One of the main problems in New Zealand is poverty . Poverty is the one who lacks a certain amount of controlling their belongings or money (Danielle, 2011) Absolute poverty is lacking basic human needs, which commonly includes clean and fresh water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter (John. Auckland , Health care , New Zealand 1631 Words | 6 Pages. ?SOCIAL WELFARE pOLICY Poverty It’s All Over the World. Rhoiney, Andrea 4/23/2014 What is essay writing tutorial Rossall School poverty ? We live in a . world full of Poverty . Short Journal Article American University Washington? Poverty is being poor. Poverty is having low income.
Poverty is not making ends meet. Poverty does not know where the next place you will eat, sleep or even shower. Websites To Write Essays Cardiff Form College? Poverty is around us, it’s all over American University, the world. Homeless people are everywhere, an estimated of 100 million people are homeless worldwide. The sad part is that number could be so much bigger. Cycle of poverty , Homelessness , Poverty 2428 Words | 9 Pages. Poverty For some poverty is writing Williston a way of life the day to journal day struggle of scholarly State University, keeping food on the table and clothes on their back. For . others it is University something that is seen only on television, and even then it is not so easy to comprehend. This is usually the case with families who are well to do and money is not an issue. They may describe the characteristics of critical textbooks, poverty as to not have certain materialistic items such as clothes, cars, accessories etc. However to someone living in those circumstances it may.
2007–2008 world food price crisis , Food security , Homelessness 2404 Words | 6 Pages. ?The Incessant Agony of Poverty The rich becomes richer while the poor becomes poorer. Only few amass excessive wealth while countless people . Short Journal Washington? cannot even afford their basic necessities. Every day, millions of Minster, people suffer from hunger, oppression, and death because of this problem that still has not been solved until now – poverty . This social issue is probably the short article American University Washington, worst among all the social problems Filipinos are experiencing. Not only does it impede the country from being economically progressed. Cycle of poverty , Homelessness , Overpopulation 833 Words | 3 Pages. Problem of The Windsor, Poverty Poverty is University defines as inadequate supply of items that are essential to live a healthy and comfortable life. Websites To Write Cardiff Sixth Form? . In the journal article University, western developed countries some people are poor not because they lack food, clothing or shelter but because he may not have car, TV, computers, pressure cooker etc. But in India, poor people means those who do not get two square meals a day, they sleep on others pavements and live bare bodied and Louisiana State University, bare footed. Steps taken to University Washington Alleviate Poverty As the number.
Africa , Bihar , Economic development 847 Words | 4 Pages. Defining Poverty Poverty has been defined in many different ways. Some attempt to reduce it to numbers, while others believe . that a more vague definition must be used. In the end , a combination of both methods is best. DiNitto and Cummins (2007), in their book “Social Welfare, Politics and Public Policy,” present six definitions and explanations of writing Northampton, poverty . Social reformers Webb and Webb (1911) present another angle on poverty . Essentially, all definitions are correct, the debate is of which. Child tax credit , Earned Income Tax Credit , Minimum wage 1293 Words | 4 Pages. The End of Poverty Jeffrey Sachs , Penguin Books, London England 2005 . Reviewed by Stan Rowland 3/30/2006 Jeffrey Sachs was a professor of Economics at Harvard for 38 years and journal article, was a major consultant for many nations. Critical Thinking School? He now heads the Earth Institute. His views on the causes of poverty are very different than what is normally thought or presented. His book has 18 chapters which are broken down as follows: • Chapters 1-4 present an overview of the.
Country classifications , Developing country , Development 8567 Words | 26 Pages. TAQ. 9 Why should we care about short article American University Washington child poverty in The Windsor the UK? Poverty means people are unable to live their lives to the minimum . standard of the society in which they live. Inadequate income is the short Washington, overall deciding factor of poverty when basic material needs cannot be met and people are excluded from taking part in websites to write essays Sixth Form College their society because of short article, this situation. Essay Writing? Third world countries are the stereotypical places that people associate with poverty yet according to The Department for short American, Work and Pensions (DWP, 2012). Cycle of poverty , Economic inequality , Harlem Children's Zone 1206 Words | 4 Pages. Katie Poe Ms. Powell English 12 – Period 4 22 February 2013 Jeffrey Lionel Dahmer Jeffrey Lionel Dahmer was a . serial killer, and sex offender. Jeffrey did his killings in 1978 and 1991.
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?Running Head: POVERTY IN AMERICA 1 Poverty in America Instructor: Professor . Izzeldin Bakhit ECO 405 February 1st, 2014 Strayer University POVERTY IN AMERICA 2 Abstract When a person think of poverty , one simply says’ and or think that individuals, families, groups, and what have you lack financial stability; however, there is so much more that should be considered. In the United. Economic inequality , Household income in the United States , Poverty 1862 Words | 9 Pages. concerning the process of raising funds for poverty -stricken communities. Often, visuals of the harsh lives people in poverty . face are portrayed when raising funds. The exploitation of such visuals to short journal article American University increase donations or support a cause is known as poverty pornography (Collin, 2009). Poverty pornography is essay tutorial effective in raising funds but it is incorrect due to the unethical way it is carried out that degrades the poverty -stricken communities. Journal University Washington? Poverty pornography is widely used by charitable organisations. Africa , Cycle of poverty , Famine 1330 Words | 5 Pages. Table of contents: * Poverty in Egypt * Poverty and tutorial, inequality measurement in Egypt. * Demographic theory and short journal article University, . population policy. * Recommendations to article tutorial School promote the eradication of poverty in Egypt * Conclusion Population, Poverty and Development: Egypt The paper investigated the problem of poverty in Egypt, as it is growing in a dramatically rates, till it became one of the short American, main reasons behind 25th of January Egyptian revolution, one of the most important factors that. Demography , Famine , Overpopulation 2444 Words | 7 Pages.
Poverty in America A Social Problem 3/22/2013 Rebecca McNamara Abstract Poverty has been around as long as there has . been an Louisiana, America. Programs have been set in place to short article American Washington help offset the issue, such as Food Stamps and housing. The government’s implementation of some of these programs is to ensure that the scholarly article critique University, poor have a place to sleep and adequate meals to eat. There are issues with these programs that contribute to the furthering of poverty , but for the most part are more helpful than harmful. Cycle of article American University Washington, poverty , Malnutrition , Poverty 2010 Words | 6 Pages. Introduction Poverty is an important issue. It testifies to the human condition.
This issue is worthy of studying in order to take . Rossall? preventative measures. Short Article Washington? Many communities are stricken with poverty and many are not sure about what poverty is. Poverty is the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions. Poverty is a societal ill that can be minimalized. Great Essay Lincoln? The research question that will be addressed is the short journal Washington, following: “What are the essay writing School, main causes and. Africa , Education , Great Depression 886 Words | 3 Pages. Abstract The issue of poverty in short journal article American University the United States seems to lie on the grounds of essay, race education and journal American University, family structure. Lincoln School? As expected I found . Journal? that educational levels paralleled poverty levels. Unexpected , research was found to prove that race did in fact play a substantial role in poverty . Family structure along with other influential factors either locked an individual into poverty or provided a means for escape from the continuing cycle. Critical Textbooks The Windsor School? Other factors contributing to poverty was the short University, location of.
Cycle of poverty , Economic inequality , Family 842 Words | 3 Pages. ? Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Article Tutorial Williston Northampton School? Absolute poverty or destitution refers . to the deprivation of basic human needs, which commonly includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care and short journal American University, education. Relative poverty is defined contextually as economic inequality in the location or society in which people live. For much of history, poverty was considered largely unavoidable as traditional modes of production were insufficient to.
Economic inequality , Inflation , Overpopulation 1443 Words | 5 Pages. ? Poverty has always been with us from writing Lincoln, beggars outside the gates of Jerusalem to the mentally ill homeless woman in the park. America is known . for our huge difference in culture and class. This is due partly to the dynamics behind the political decisions of journal article American University, this country. The president himself admits that America is more unequal than it’s been since the great depression and many of writing tutorial, his own supporters say he has failed. America now has, by short American University many standards, the lowest social mobility of all of the article Williston School, high-end. Poverty , Poverty in the United States , Poverty threshold 2346 Words | 10 Pages.
national borders. University? True False 12) Which of the following factors can lure victims into trafficking in persons situations? . Websites Essays Cardiff Sixth College? Deceptive hiring contracts All answers are correct Low wages Poverty . Criminal law , Federal Bureau of Investigation , Federal government of the journal American, United States 322 Words | 4 Pages. ? Dr. Cappiello English 2 October 10, 2013 Scott Thomas Poverty Poverty in America . today, is an unrecognized social dilemma that exists everywhere from the essay, nation's largest cities to the rural back country. As Galbraith noted, People are poverty -stricken when their income, even if adequate for survival, falls radically behind that of the community.” By this definition, a substantial number of people in America live outside categories regarded as acceptable. Harvard University , Institutional economics , John Kenneth Galbraith 748 Words | 3 Pages. ? Poverty : A state of mind, or the journal American Washington, size of ones wallet In different countries and cultures, there is a social problem that affects a . vast majority of the population. This problem, known as poverty , is a economic condition that happens when people are unable to provide basic needs for their families.
All over the world, even in the richest of to write Cardiff Sixth Form, nations, poverty is an journal, issue that remains in society. From a conflict theory perspective, poverty is put upon people and to write, will continue to stay that way. Conflict theory , Distribution of wealth , Economic inequality 1215 Words | 3 Pages. Measuring Poverty . * No single definition of poverty * The study and interpretation of poverty isn't a . simple task, as there are as many ways of measuring poverty as there are ways of short American University Washington, defining it * We need to look at political and moral dimensions when defining poverty * Social construct and can be defined by absolute or relative Subjective poverty – is the result of people’s views, perceptions, or feelings about their situation or well-being. Objective poverty - refers to objective. Economic inequality , European Union , Household income in tutorial Rossall the United States 618 Words | 3 Pages. Bibliography Thesis Statement: Poverty in America The United State of America, a huge and democratic country, so wealthy and strong, and . consumes almost all of the North America within its borders. Yet, poverty is short journal one of the tutorial, most prevalent and persistent social problems within the United States. By sharing theories, principles and concepts there are many different avenues to Washington pursue in the eradication of to write essays College, poverty . Short Journal Article American Washington? Carter, Angela, Register Staff and the Associated Press: Poverty in America: U.S. Census.
Americas , California , Canada 595 Words | 3 Pages. Position of Poverty In the world we live in today there are only two kinds of poverty as identified by John Kenneth . Galbrith in “The Position of Poverty .” Galbrith made a distinction and labeled the writing School, distinction as “case poverty ” and “insular poverty .” According to short article University Galbrith case poverty is defined as, restricted to an individual and essay Rossall, his or her family and often seems to be the caused by alcoholism, ignorance, mental deficiency, discrimination, or specific disabilities. Insular poverty on. Africa , Bernard Madoff , Charles Ponzi 792 Words | 3 Pages. Poverty is a reality in journal Canada today. Despite having one of the highest standards of living among all the developed nations, and great writing Lincoln School, despite being . voted numerous times in recent years by the United Nations as the best country in the world in which to live, experts agree that poverty is prevalent in Canada today. Unfortunately, that is more or less where the agreement ends . Exactly how prevalent and how serious a problem poverty is in Canada is an open question that has been hotly debated for the last.
Conditional Cash Transfer , Higher education , Poverty 1838 Words | 6 Pages. (03178) Poverty in the Philippines Poverty in short journal article American University the Philippines has not improved in the past 6 years. Olchondra (2013) . stated: “Economic growth over websites Cardiff Form College, the past six years hardly made a dent in poverty incidence in the Philippines, as the percentage of Filipinos living below the journal University, poverty line remained practically the same between 2006 and yourself essay State University, 2012, official statistics showed.” (2013). Short Article? This problem can be solved by looking at how other countries solved it. It can be solved by education, anti- poverty program. Education , Extreme poverty , Government 677 Words | 3 Pages. The Effects of Poverty Katy Williams did not think she had a choice when she turned to a life of textbooks The Windsor, crime. Journal Article American? She grew up in . poverty , and her mother abandoned her when she was 15 years old. She dropped out of school in eighth grade. Great Lincoln Minster? She started dating a 39-year-old man, who was a drug dealer, and living like him and his friends. She got involved in drugs, fights and shady dealings.
She spent her 17th birthday in jail on charges of short journal article University, driving under the websites essays Cardiff Sixth Form College, influence, driving a stolen vehicle and short journal article University, possession. Addiction , Beggars , Begging 1023 Words | 3 Pages. 1. INTRODUCTION Poverty is one of the world’s issues and urgently need to be addressed. Reducing poverty , in all forms is the critical textbooks, . greatest challenge for the developing countries. Poverty can be defined from different angles and the most widely used descriptor is income poverty and journal article American University, unsatisfied human needs.It can be conceptualized in many ways, for example, in economic terms or social terms ; lack of essays Cardiff Sixth Form College, access to adequate levels of food, water, clothing, shelter, sanitation, health care and American, education. Agriculture , Economic development , Economic growth 1750 Words | 5 Pages.
Katiria Colon 3/22/13 Poverty Poverty is one of the worst issues in writing yourself the United States. Despite this, poverty . has potential to be fixed. Poverty as Capability Deprivation introduces “capability deprivation” as a method for journal article Washington, lowing poverty and essay Lincoln Minster School, strengthening society. Amartya Sen emphasizes social gender roles and other countries’ prioritization on health, education, and journal article University Washington, job training. We are told that these are areas where United States lacks focus. In The Capabilities approach and Social Justice By. Amartya Sen , Asia , Capability approach 1226 Words | 4 Pages. The Cause of Poverty In today’s world poverty is a huge issue that most people experience during their lives. Imagine . searching through heaping piles of refuse at writing tutorial Rossall School landfills, looking for Washington, anything that could seem partly edible, to satisfy an unending hunger. Many people around the world are facing this situation every day of scholarly article critique Louisiana University, their lives.
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The Feminization of Poverty in Canada. Poverty can be defined as “the lack of writing tutorial, resources necessary for short journal article, material well-being” (Mooney, Holmes, Knox Schacht, 2011). In Canada, . poverty affects a wide variety of individuals, although women have become increasingly overrepresented in this area. This is due to a phenomenon known as the feminization of poverty , a phrase attributed to researcher Diana Pearce. The question of ‘why’ there are more females living in poverty , is important to examine since this issue means that half of the population.
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resume luc sante The Factory of Facts. I was born on short journal American Washington, May 25, 1954 in Verviers Belgium, the only child of Lucien Mathieu Amelie Sante and Denise Lambertine Alberte Marie Ghislaine Nandrin. Following the article Louisiana State University, bankruptcy of my father's employer, an journal American Washington iron foundry that manufactured wool-carding machinery, and at the suggestion of friends who had emigrated earlier, my parents decided to move to the United States in search of work. We arrived at Idlewild Airport in February 1959, and moved in with my parents' friends in Summit.
New Jersey. Prospects were not as bright as they had been depicted, and critical that November we sailed back to Belgium, but the situation there was no better, and early in 1960 we reemigrated. Several more such trips occurred over the next few years, spurred by momentary hopes, by the Cuban Missile Crisis, by the illnesses and deaths of my maternal grandparents. At length my parents decided to remain in America, at short journal article, least until the time came when they could retire to Belgium. I was born in 1954 in Verviers. Belgium, the only child of Lucien and Denise Sante. Following the bankruptcy of my father's employer, an Form College iron foundry that manufactured wool-carding machinery, and at the suggestion of short journal article University Washington, my mother's brother. Rene Nandrin, my parents decided to move to the Belgian Congo where my father would take up a position as local field director for writing tutorial Rossall School a palm-oil concern. In February 1959, we arrived in Coquilhatville, on the banks of the Congo River, and moved into short University Washington a company-owned villa in the European district. Suddenly we had servants and a chauffeured car.
On the other hand. I came down with a succession of ailments aggravated by the climate and spent most of my time in bed. Barely a year later the Belgian government announced that the Congo would be granted its independence that June, and my parents friends and colleagues began to show signs of tutorial Williston, alarm, sending prized possessions, for example, back to their families in Belgium. Emotions had risen to a point of panic by late May, when the first general elections were held. My parents and their friends dismissed their servants, fearing treachery. My father barricaded my mother and me and would himself not leave the house without a loaded revolver on short American University Washington, his hip.
Violent incidents began occurring, most of them in the south of the country but some close enough that my father, over essay writing, my mother's protests. sent us home. Article University! He followed a little over a month later, when fighting had become widespread; his employer turned over local control to native African managers. Connections made in the Congo led my father to critical School, a job with the Ministry of Commerce. and we moved to Berchem-Ste. Agathe, a suburb of Brussels, where I recovered and later found I had a surprising aptitude for competitive cycling. I was born in 1954 in Verviers, Belgium, the only child of Lucien and short article University Washington Denise Sante. Following the bankruptcy of his employer, an iron foundry that manufactured wool-carding machinery, my father tried to writing yourself Louisiana, find another job, but without success.
After depleting their savings and selling our house in Pepinster, as well as most of the American Washington, major household possessions, my parents moved into a succession of progressively smaller and dingier apartments, finally winding up in a single room in Seraing, an industrial suburb of Liege, where my father got a barely remunerative stint as nightwatchman in a warehouse. We endured two years of this as a family. My mother became chronically ill, probably due to stress as much as to bad food and lack of heat, and consequently I was taken in by my Remacle cousins in the country. They, too, were feeling the pinch of the economy, however, and palmed me off on essays Cardiff, other relatives, who in turn passed me along after a while. I spent three years being thus shunted around, until the Christian Brothers admitted me as a hardship case at their boarding school in short journal article Washington, Liege in the winter of 1964. By then my mother had been hospitalized full-time and my father had retreated into a vigilant and apparently unbreakable silence. At the school I was constantly victimized by the other pupils, most of them off-spring of well-to-do families. Finally, at essay Rossall, thirteen, I snapped, I set a fire that consumed the dormitory and took the lives of five boys.
I was born in journal article American, 1954 in Verviers, Belgium, the only child of Lucien and Denise Sante. My father's employer, an iron foundry that manufactured wool-carding machinery, miraculously escaped the effects of the recession of 1958 and the collapse of Verviers's textile industry by a rapid and timely change to the manufacture of radiators. My father, who had worked his way up to junior management from the great essay Lincoln Minster School, labor ranks, devised a streamlined method of short article American University, cooling molds that earned him a succession of promotions, ultimately to the top seat. Northampton School! By 1968 we had sold our row house in Pepinster and moved into a villa in a parklike setting on short article American, the heights of the boulevard district of Veviers. I grew up fast, and The Windsor School was quickly bored by journal the provincial life around me. I barely maintained passing grades at St. Francois-Xavier, the local Jesuit college, and writing essay State would surely have failed and been expelled had it not been for short journal American Washington my parents' social and political prominence. As it was, I was taking clandestine excursions--longer and longer ones--out into the world: to to write Cardiff Form, Amsterdam, to Paris, to London, to journal article American Washington, Majorca, I took every drug I could get my hands on, and tutorial Northampton School I was possibly a father several times over: I was adept at vanishing when matters came to a head. My parents' threats to cut off my allowance became steadily more credible until, in the spring of 1971, I bribed the manager of the Place Verre branch of the Generale de Banque and withdrew my entire trust fund in cash--or nearly entire; I left a token five hundred francs. I flew to Marrakech, where I lived for eight months in a hotel frequented by members of British rock groups, until a run-in with one of the Berber chieftains who controlled the American University, hashish traffic from the Rif caused me to fear for essays Sixth College my life.
I snared a series of van rides that took me to Goa, on the Indian Ocean, where I dwelt in a permanent cloud of dope in a waterfront flat, when my money ran out, I relocated to the beach. I contracted scabies and short article syphilis, but I didn't care. I was born in 1954 in Verviers, Belgium, the article, only child of Lucien and Denise Sante. Following the bankruptcy of my father's employer, an iron foundry that manufactured wool-carding machinery, my parents decided to emigrate to the United States. We arrived at Idlewild Airport in February 1959, with eight suitcases and an address in Johnsonburg.
Pennsylvania. The address belonged to a family whose son had died near Henri-Chapelle in short article Washington, the terrible winter of 1944, and whose grave my mother had maintained as part of a program in which young Belgian women adopted the remains of American servicemen. For a few years my mother had kept up a peculiar correspondence with this family; they exchanged cards and great essay writing Lincoln photographs and brief letters neither side understood, lacking a common language. Upon deciding to come to America she had dug out the address, writing this time in laborious, dictionary-assisted English, but had not received a reply: She maintained, however, that they must have gotten her address wrong, misreading her Belgian script: their return letter surely lay in some bin in Brussels. Journal Article! She was determined to call on them upon our arrival, but, after many halting inquiries, discovered that there was no public transport that went anywhere near Johnsonburg. Pennsylvania. My parents were directed by Travelers' Aid to an agency that helped them find an essay Rossall School apartment in Ozone Park. Queens, and after a time my father found work as custodian at a doughnut franchise in Long Island City. My parents were miserable, impoverished and isolated and increasingly without hope, but lacked the means to return to Belgium; all their savings went into a fund that eventually enabled them to send me to boarding school with the Christian Brothers in Liege. I languished there, dreaming only of returning to America. I was born in 1954 in Veviers.
Belgium, the only child of short journal article American, Lucien and Denise Sante. Following the writing Louisiana University, bankruptcy of short journal article American, his employer, an iron foundry that manufactured wool-carding machinery, my father miraculously got a nearly identical job with another iron foundry, which made structural supports for concrete constructions. I grew up in writing Rossall School, Pepinster, attending the Catholic primary school and then St. Francois-Xavier, the Jesuit college in Verviers, with money my grandmother had provided for this purpose in her will. I was a good student, and my teachers paved the way for my admission to the University of Louvain, where I studied Romance philology and eventually wrote my dissertation on the influence of the Japanese Noh drama on the works of Paul Claudel. In the course of my studies there it occurred to me one day that I had a calling, that I had in short article American University Washington, fact long had this calling but had been inattentive to it. After obtaining my degree I entered the writing about yourself State University, Jesuit chapter house at Tervuren, and in short journal article American University Washington, 1978 I was ordained. I celebrated my first Mass at St. Remacle, the ancestral family church in Verviers, with all my relatives crowding the article writing tutorial Williston Northampton School, pews, and then moved to Rome, where I had a job awaiting me in the Propaganda Office of the Holy See. Journal American Washington! Five years later I was appointed secretary to the papal nuncio in El Salvador.
I was born in 1954 in Verviers, Belgium, the only child of Lucien and Denise Sante. Following the bankruptcy of my father's employer, an iron foundry that manufactured wool-carding machinery, my parents decided to emigrate to the United States, on no more firm a basis than a visit to the U.S. pavilion at the 1958 Brussels World's Fair. We arrived at Idlewild Airport in February 1959, with eight suitcases, my father's prewar memories of high-school English, and the name of essay Lincoln Minster, someone's cousin who apparently lived in Long Island. New York, which my parents thought was a town. Short Article Washington! A taxi driver who knew some French took us to a hotel in Manhattan, which turned out to be a clip joint. We lost three of our suitcases before fleeing to another hotel, respectable enough but commensurately expensive. My parents combed telephone books in search of the cousin, but to no avail. They applied for help from the essay Minster School, Belgian consulate, and were turned away with frosty finality. They spent days on short journal article American University Washington, complex and essay Lincoln Minster indeterminate errands, looking for chimeric friends of relatives of friends, my father trying to look for jobs in his field without much idea of short American University Washington, where to start.
They hadn't imagined it would be like this; without connections or a grasp of the language they were lost. The money was rapidly dwindling, too; already there was not enough left for passage back to Europe, and soon they would no longer be able to foot the hotel bill. On the article writing Williston School, advice of the chambermaid a kind woman from Puerto Rico--communication between her and my parents, conducted around a tongue none of them possessed, was comically histrionic--my parents relocated to a dank hostelry near Herald Square where the rooms were lit by fluorescent tubes. We lived on journal, rolls and hot dogs. My mother made me sleep wrapped in thinking The Windsor, a chiffon scarf to protect me from the cockroaches. My father took his watch, of journal article American Washington, a decent but undistinguished Swiss make, to a pawnshop, where he was given five dollars in return. Our suitcases, minus their contents, followed, and soon my parents overcoats and their extra pairs of shoes went as well. To Write Cardiff Sixth Form! They were beginning to consider applying to a church for assistance, but were hindered by their pride. One day, when it seemed no other option remained, a man who lived down the hall from short journal us offered my father a job. He was to deliver a manila envelope to an address in Newark; he would be paid fifty dollars. He accepted with alacrity and scholarly Louisiana University set off.
That night, after I had fallen asleep, while my mother wept with fear at short American University Washington, having heard nothing from him, two men in dark suits came to our room and essay Rossall took us away. They were FBI agents. Short American University Washington! My father had been arraigned for interstate traffic in essays Cardiff Form, narcotics; the house to which he made his delivery had been under surveillance for several weeks. My mother was held as a material witness in the Essex County Women's Correctional Facility. I was kept in Washington, a wing of yourself essay State, Juvenile Hall for four days, in the course of which I repeatedly wet my bed and was punished by being deprived of short American, food. Then I was sent to a foster home. with a large and websites to write Cardiff Form College strict Irish-American family in Irvington. My inability to speak English enraged the father, who would take me into the vest-pocket backyard and beat me with a razor strop. I was moved to another foster home, and then another and another--I lost count. I had no news from my parents.
After a while I couldn't remember their faces. I was born in 1954 in Verviers, Belgium, the journal article American, only child of Lucien and Denise Sante. Following the bankruptcy of my father's employer, an iron foundry that manufactured wool-carding machinery, and with the knowledge that there were no other jobs to be had, a combined result of the collapse of the centuries-old Verviers textile industry and of the recession of 1958, my parents decided to go for broke. They sold our row house in Pepinster and article Williston School the bulk of journal article University Washington, its contents, and essay writing tutorial School we set off by train for American Washington Biarritz, the Cardiff Form College, beautiful city in France fronting on the Bay of Biscay and backed against the Pyrenees. The trip was glorious; we laughed and sang songs and pointed out the window at American Washington, the spectacular scenery. When we got there my parents checked into a modest hotel, left me with sandwiches and a pile of comics, and went to writing tutorial Rossall School, the casino. My father's plan was to parlay the University Washington, stake amassed from selling off their possessions into essay Minster School a small fortune at the baccarat table.
It didn't work. I was born in 1954 in short journal American University, Verviers, Belgium, the only child of Lucien and Denise Sante. Following the bankruptcy of critical thinking textbooks The Windsor School, my father's employer, an iron foundry that manufactured wool-carding machinery, my parents sat on the floor. Dust accumulated. Things fell and were not picked up. Mold grew on short journal article American University Washington, the potatoes in the cellar. The milk solidified. The electricity was cut off. Neighboring boys threw stones that broke the writing Louisiana University, windows, and cold air blew in, First insects, then rodents, and short article University Washington eventually birds arrived to make their homes with us.
Soon snow covered the dust, and then soot covered the snow. We grew increasingly warm as we slept. (C) 1998 Luc Sante All rights reserved. ISBN: 0-679-42410-5.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. If you've spent any time doing SAT prep, you probably are familiar with what it’s like to short article American University Washington write an critical thinking textbooks School SAT essay. But what’s it like to journal American University be an SAT essay grader? Find out what essay graders look for, what the essay grading job involves, and effective SAT essay tips you should use as a result of this information as I bring you. insights from real SAT essay graders. Note : The information in this article is for the old (pre-March-2016) SAT essay, which was scored out of 12 and part of the Writing section. Websites Essays Cardiff Form College. Because the American University, new SAT essay has been administered (and graded) so few times, there's not much information out there yet about the grading process for the new essay. We'll update this article as soon as the information comes out.
feature image credit: The Lowdown by textbooks, andy carter, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from journal American University Washington original. Why does understanding the article State University, essay grading job help you on short article American University Washington the SAT essay? Well, if you know what the essay graders are looking for, then you can shape your prep (and write your essays) accordingly. An analogy for this situation: you are preparing for your road test (to get your driver's license), and want to make sure you will pass. Article Writing Tutorial Williston School. There's no point in becoming perfect at parallel parking if it's not even going to be on your road test (I still can't believe this is true for some states), especially if you neglect practicing your full stop at a red light/stop sign skills. While in the long run parallel parking might be useful for American, life, it's not going to help you pass the test. Similarly, on the SAT essay, there are some things that your essay absolutely needs (specific examples) and others that are less important (perfect spelling). And a great way to learn what a typical SAT essay scorer looks for in an essay is to tutorial Northampton School go directly to the source. How Do You Become an SAT Essay Grader? The CollegeBoard requires potential SAT essay graders to short journal article meet all of the following criteria:
Have at websites to write essays Sixth College, least a bachelor's degree Teach or have taught a high school or college-level course that requires writing Have taught for at short journal article Washington, least a three-year period Reside in the continental United States, Alaska, or Hawaii Be a U.S. citizen, resident alien, or authorized to essay tutorial Rossall School work in the U.S. Short Journal American. Have not worked for article Williston, a test preparation company that offers SAT test preparation in the past 12 months. Journal University Washington. (This does not include working for Pearson Educational Measurement or The College Board) Have not received pay from students or individuals to assist with SAT test preparation within the past 12 months. (This does not include receiving pay from your school as part of your job responsibilities) SAT Essay Graders: Facts, Myths, and Strategies. Below, I’ve listed seven of the to write essays Cardiff Form College, most important insights I found in various online articles on and interviews with real SAT essay scorers. The three sources I drew from included a I am a. ask me anything question and answer series, an article in journal article American, the Washington Post titled The SAT Grader Next Door, and an opinion piece in the LA Times titled How I Gamed The SAT. 1. Essay Writing Lincoln School. Fact: Essay scorers must grade 1 essay every 2-3 minutes. Once they've completed their training, official SAT essay graders have to grade 20-30 essays an University hour (which ends up being one essay every 2-3 minutes).
If a grader starts to writing lag behind and take longer, she must retrain until she is back to short journal article University Washington that pace. Keeping the graders grading at fast pace ensures that the graders are looking at the essays as a whole, rather than, for article Louisiana University, instance, getting stuck on logical issues in one paragraph. Myth: Because they have such a short time to journal American score your essay, graders won’t read your whole essay. As long as you have a good first two paragraphs the rest of your essay doesn’t matter, right? WRONG. Remember, in tutorial Williston Northampton School, order to even qualify to do this job you must have taught a course that requires writing and have been teaching for at least three years. Short Journal University. Ask any English teacher and she'll tell you that you've got to be able to read and essay writing Minster School, grade essays fairly quickly in order to keep up with the job. On the SAT, the essay scorer's job is even simpler than that of an short journal American Washington English teacher because no comments are given (something that is very time-consuming).
All the essay scorer has to do is read the essay and give it a numerical score. Strategy: Organize your essay so that the scorer can easily follow your logic. Taking the time to plan out the organization as well as the content of websites essays Cardiff Sixth College, your essay really does pay off. Don't bury the lead and make the article University Washington, essay grader hunt for your main point and line of reasoning: make your thesis statement easy to spot by putting it in your introduction (first or last line is best), and critical, keep to short article a simple paragraph-per-example essay form . The five paragraph essay structure may be boring, but it will make it easier for a quick-reading grader to understand your argument. 2. Fact: Essay graders don't care about minor grammar and spelling errors. Because graders score the thinking textbooks The Windsor, SAT essay holistically (based on overall impression) rather than point-by-point, they are instructed to journal American University Washington ignore minor errors that they might otherwise correct. In the writing State, context of the SAT essay, minor errors are ones that don't affect the journal, meaning of the essay or make it significantly more difficult to understand. In the examples given on the CollegeBoard websites, the 6-scoring essays each have 5-6 minor errors ; these errors were not counted against the students because they A) were so few and B) did not significantly affect the meaning of the essays.
What makes the errors minor? Consider the following two sentences. The first sentence has some minor errors (comma use and spelling issues). When I was in essay tutorial Rossall, middle school I relized that if I wanted to play something more interresting than Eine Kline Nactmusic, I would have to write it myself. Now take a look at University Washington, this second sentence, which has some major errors (grammatical). When I was in middle school, I realize that more interesting than Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, I have to write it to play it. The second sentence may not have any spelling errors, but the way it is phrased makes it difficult to understand the meaning. Even though some minor errors are allowable in essay writing Minster School, top-scoring essays, the more errors you have beyond a certain point, the more your score will drop . Short Article American Washington. And when you're trying to The Windsor write an journal article entire essay in 25 minutes, you're bound to State make mistakes you don't even notice. The only way to catch them is to article University go back and reread what you've written. Strategy: Leave yourself 2-3 minutes to read over your essay and revise it. The time you’ll spend will be well worth it, allowing you to catch missing words that affect the meanings of sentences and grammar errors that could drag your essay score as well as giving you time to rewrite words or phrases that are otherwise illegible.
This image is essay, full of short journal American Washington, lies. And a nice pen, I guess. 3. Fact: Variety in sentences and vocabulary and good transitions can be deciding factors in writing about Louisiana State, essay grade. All three of the essay graders I drew from short American University agreed that if they were waffling between two different scores, variety in sentence structures and vocabulary and good transitions (or lack thereof) could push an tutorial Williston School essay into the next score level (or confirm that it merited the lower of the short article Washington, two possible scores). Myth: Using advanced vocabulary (even if you use it incorrectly) will automatically get you a high score. Again, this comes down to a misunderstanding about what graders are looking for. Showing that you know advanced vocabulary is essay Rossall School, fine, but if you don’t make a good argument, or don't support your argument with specific examples, you’re not going to do well on short article American University Washington this particular essay. Websites Sixth. One article described this as the plethora effect, since so many students misuse the word plethora, thinking that the SAT essay graders love that word. Here is a good summation of the situation, using quotes from American a former SAT essay grader: “Strong argument, at least three well-thought-out reasons supporting that argument, strong, relevant, specific examples for each reason, and critical The Windsor, a thorough analysis of the examples in journal article American University Washington, relation to scholarly critique State your reasons and core argument will get you to at least a 5…The 6th point comes through style--use of short journal University, language, diction, syntax, vocabulary. Writing Yourself Essay Louisiana. As long as the words are use correctly and appropriately, though. Journal Washington. Randomly throwing in critical textbooks, ANTIDISESTABLISHMENTARIANISM isn't going to win you any points.” (sources: e-to-the-x and e-to-the-x).
Strategy: If you’re consistently getting a 4/6 or lower on your essay, work on journal article University your arguments and support first, then grammar, THEN vocabulary. As all three sources said, having a strong argument, logical organization, and good grammar in your essay is more important than fancy wording. If you sacrifice grammar because you misuse a vocab word, your essay's scorers won’t be impressed. If you’re consistently getting stuck at a 5, THEN it might be time to work on websites to write essays Sixth Form sprucing up your vocabulary, varying your sentence structures, and improving your transitions. 4. Fact: You can prepare for short journal, the SAT essay. Just as with the The Windsor, other sections of the short American, SAT, it's possible to prepare for the SAT essay. Article Louisiana State. As the CollegeBoard says in the Practice the Writing Section chapter of the Official SAT Study Guide (Second Edition), You can never practice too much.
Myth: You can write and journal American University Washington, memorize a few essays on a couple of different topics ahead of time, then just “steer” the actual SAT prompt towards those essays. WRONG. Working on set topic essays can be helpful because it gets you used to essay writing Lincoln Minster School arguing in the way you need to on the SAT, but replicating it when the topic is different will lose you points and, in the worst cases, cause you to get a 0 for writing off-topic. Journal American University Washington. The pre-written nature of these essays is immediately apparent to most essay graders. In fact, when asked about the mistake that most affected the overall grade she gave SAT essays, an scholarly article State actual SAT grader responded: “Artificiality. Trying to short article American Washington shoehorn in a canned essay they've written and essentially memorized before, or canned, pre-prepared ideas, or throw in article writing tutorial School, bit words without regard to short article University appropriateness. It needs to sound natural, not contrived.” Strategy: Prepare (your own) sentence phrasings ahead of time and come armed with specific examples. If you tend to freeze up under pressure, then it's a good idea to write out and memorize well-constructed sentences that can be used for a variety of prompts . Critical Thinking Textbooks The Windsor School. Use this article on the 6 different types of SAT prompts to work on creating sentences that would work with every type of article University Washington, example.
For instance, for prompts in the form of Which is better, you could prepare a transition sentence like this: Another instance that demonstrates how [one thing] is more effective than [the other thing] can be found in [some historical or literary example]. Here's the sentence with the holes filled in for a prompt that asks Is cooperation better than competition? Another instance that demonstrates how cooperation is more effective than competition can be found in the dividing up of the magnificent African cake by European colonial powers in the late 19th century. It is important that you prepare using your own words , rather than directly taking other people's essay skeleton templates; otherwise, you might have your entire test disqualified for plagiarism (more on that in this article about great essay writing School essay skeletons).
Instead, practice explaining your own examples (which leads into short journal article American University Washington the next fact). 5. Fact: You need to writing yourself essay State support your point with specific examples. The single most important piece of advice I have for journal article American, students preparing for the SAT essay is to use specific examples . Actual essay graders say that using 3 examples is great, best, but that just 2 will work if the examples are very strong. I personally tend to land on the side of journal article American University Washington, advising two examples with stronger arguments, rather than more examples with weaker arguments. Myth: Historical or literary examples are better than personal examples. While Klein notes in essay School, her article that higher scores seemed to University go to yourself essay writers who made sure at least one or two of their anecdotes were not personal,” this is journal American Washington, not a cause-and-effect thing. Writing About University. Instead, the short University, issue seems to be that students who use personal examples tend to go off-topic and use a more informal tone , which means that the article School, students who use personal anecdotes aren't receiving lower grades on their essays because of the short journal article Washington, kind of example per se; it’s the great writing School, way these personal examples are presented that causes a drop in essay score. Take the prompt I used before, Is cooperation better than competition? Let's say that I want to use a personal example about working with classmates on a project to support my thesis that cooperation is more effective than competition. Journal Article American. Here's an example of an example that goes off-topic:
I have experienced how cooperation is more effective than competition in Form, my own life. In AP Macro, we split up into teams to do final projects on the stuff we'd learned. We got to choose our teams, but of course could only choose from other kids in the class. I ended up working with four other students: two good friends of mine, a guy I'd gone to elementary school, and another girl who'd been my classmate since middle school. Washington. It was a lot of fun, because we all joked around about what we were learning.
A lot of times our work sessions ended up involving YouTube videos about Ben Bernanke singing or other things like that, which made us all want to scholarly critique State University hang out short more. We ended up all doing well on the project. While this example starts out essay writing Lincoln Minster strong, it devolves into reminiscing about the social aspect of the short Washington, group project, rather than staying focused around the prompt (Is cooperation better than competition?). Strategy: Prepare your examples ahead of time. Pick out a couple each of historical, literary, pop culture/current event, and personal examples that can be used as examples of many different things. If you draw a blank in one area (for instance, if you tend to know history better than books), then come up with more examples in other areas to compensate. Next, practice writing about essay School these examples and explaining them in a formal way (particularly when it comes to the stories and examples from your own life). The more familiar you are with these examples, the faster you'll be able to write about them (in a way that is relevant) on test day. If you're not sure what makes a good example, take a look at these six examples of examples.
6. Journal University. Fact: Your essay does not have to be factually correct. This is a little known fact about the SAT essay that I really wish I'd known when I was taking the critical, SAT way back when. Because SAT essay scorers do not have time to fact check, they are not allowed to deduct points if you make a mistake about a date on an essay; in fact, part of the training that SAT essay scorers go through involves teaching them to ignore factual inaccuracies (no small roadbloack for experienced teachers to have to get past!). A corollary of this lack of short journal article Washington, fact-checking is to write essays Cardiff Sixth, that you can make stuff up on short article University Washington the essay . You can do things like write that the black plague was caused by penicillin, and the graders have to take your word for it. Myth: Filling up the page is more important that content. While it’s true that highest scoring essays are pretty much without exception more than 1 page long , that doesn’t mean that writing more automatically gets you a higher score. Correlation does not imply causation; the reason longer essays score better is because the students who write longer essays are usually the writing Lincoln Minster, ones who have more to say. You can't just write a short story instead of the prompt, or fill up the last 2/3 of your second page with “I want a pony.
I want a pony. I want a pony.” Even less extreme tactics aimed at filling up the page (repeating yourself, drawing out your words and phrases, making your handwriting bigger) won’t affect your score positively and may actually end up costing you points (for lack of clarity or organization). Strategy: Make up examples and information that supports your point. Don't be afraid to confabulate (to make up facts and examples) - it's better to make up specifics than to have a factually accurate but vague example . Often, students who are afraid of short journal article Washington, getting the websites to write Sixth Form, facts wrong end up being too vague on their essays and don't write enough to get a top essay score. When you make up facts and examples, however, you must make sure the examples actually DO support your point . And just as with the previous strategy, be clear and use a formal tone in your explanation – graders might be less convinced by your personal example if you say it happened to a friend of yours named “Iha Teessays” or “Colonel Patchypants,” rather than to a more realistically-named “Sam Vimes” or “Juanita Callahan.” Colonel Patchypants, I presume?
7. Fact: 4-, 5-, and 6- scoring essays are the most difficult to tell apart. All of the short journal article American University, sources I consulted confirmed that actual SAT essay graders can have a hard time telling the great essay School, top-scoring essays apart (although sometimes 6 essays are really easy to pick out, just because they are so outstanding). Short American. Is the essay generally organized and focused, or well organized and focused? Does it show strong critical thinking or outstanding critical thinking? These incremental differences can be difficult to suss out, particularly if an essay is very strong in some areas and article writing tutorial, less strong in others. Because SAT essay graders get penalized for article Washington, scoring essays 1 point apart from each other (especially if it happens multiple times), they prefer hedging bets and scoring the middle of the range they think the essay is writing tutorial Williston School, in. Short Journal Washington. As one grader pointed out, if an essay is at The Windsor School, least at 4, a 5 would be the safest grade for an essay scorer to give because that score is within one point of a 4 OR a 6, whereas giving the American University, essay a 4 could result in penalties if the other grader gives it a 6.
Strategy: Work on getting your essay up to a consistent 4. If you can consistently write a 4-scoring essay, then there is a chance that an essay grader might look at Lincoln Minster, it and think Better give this a 5 to be on the safe side. To consistently write at least a 4-scoring essay, you must use specific examples to short American University support your thesis and have an websites essays Cardiff Sixth organized essay as well as write in standard written English grammar (no 4 instead of four or b/c instead of because). For more information on essay scoring, read my article on the SAT essay grading rubric. Make sure your essay has a solid thesis statement at the beginning and short journal, clear organization overall Leave yourself time to revise so that minor grammar errors don't add up. Vocabulary is not as important as strong arguments and clear explanations of examples Prepare some sentence phrasings/transitional phrases ahead of time (as long as the wording is your own) Prepare specific examples ahead of scholarly article State University, time. Journal Article American University. Make up examples to support your point if you need to (but make the examples convincing and critical The Windsor, clear) Aim for at least a 4 to short give yourself a chance to School edge over into article Washington another scoring level. Discover more ways to improve your SAT Writing score with these SAT Essay Tips. Do longer SAT essays score higher? Read about The Windsor School how essay score is related to essay length. Want to get serious about improving your SAT score?
We have the leading online SAT prep program that will raise your score by 160+ points, guaranteed . Exclusive to our program, we have an expert SAT instructor grade each of your SAT essays and give you customized feedback on how to improve your score. Article American University. This can mean an instant jump of essay tutorial Rossall, 80 points on the Writing section alone. Check out our 5-day free trial and sign up for free: Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and short journal American Washington, Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in School, Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. Journal University Washington. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on critical School your feed.
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Chemistry/ Chemical Reaction term paper 15274. Chemical reactions are the heart of chemistry. Journal University Washington? People have always known that they exist. The Ancient Greeks were the firsts to speculate on the composition of websites Cardiff Form matter. They thought that it was possible that individual particles made up matter. Later, in the Seventeenth Century, a German chemist named Georg Ernst Stahl was the short journal University first to postulate on chemical reaction, specifically, combustion. He said that a substance called phlogiston escaped into the air from all substances during combustion. He explained that a burning candle would go out if a candle snuffer was put over it because the air inside the snuffer became saturated with phlogiston. According to his ideas, wood is made up of phlogiston and ash, because only ash is writing yourself essay Louisiana left after combustion.
His ideas soon came upon journal article American University Washington, some contradiction. When metal is writing School burned, its ash has a greater mass than the original substance. Stahl tried to cover himself by saying that phlogiston will take away from a substance's mass or that it had a negative mass, which contradicted his original theories. In the Eighteenth Century Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, in France, discovered an short American University Washington important detail in the understanding of the chemical reaction combustion, oxigine (oxygen). He said that combustion was a chemical reaction involving oxygen and another combustible substance, such as wood. John Dalton, in the early Nineteenth Century, discovered the atom. It gave way to the idea that a chemical reaction was actually the essay School rearrangement of groups of article University atoms called molecules. Dalton also said that the appearance and great Minster School, disappearance of properties meant that the short American University Washington atomic composition dictated the appearance of different properties. He also came up with idea that a molecule of one substance is exactly the same as any other molecule of the same substance.
People like Joseph-Lois Gay-Lussac added to textbooks School Dalton's concepts with the postulate that the American University volumes of gasses that react with each other are related (14 grams of nitrogen reacted with exactly three grams of hydrogen, eight grams of oxygen reacted to exactly one gram of hydrogen, etc.) Amedeo Avogadro also added to the understanding of writing Williston School chemical reactions. He said that all gasses at the same pressure, volume and temperature contain the same number of particles. This idea took a long time to be accepted. His ideas lead to the subscripts used in the formulas for gasses. From the work of journal American University these and many other chemists, we now have a mostly complete knowledge of chemical reactions.
There are now many classification systems to classify the scholarly critique Louisiana University different types of reactions. Journal American University Washington? These include decomposition, polymerization, chain reactions, substitution reactions, elimination reactions, combination reactions, ionic reactions, and oxidation-reduction reactions. Decomposition reactions are reactions in which a substance breaks into essay writing tutorial School, smaller parts. Article Washington? As an example, ammonium carbonate will decompose into ammonia, carbon dioxide, and water. Polymerization reactions are reactions in which simpler substances combine to form a complex substance. The thing that makes this reaction unusual is that the final product is composed of hundreds of the simpler reagent (a substance that contributes to article Northampton School a chemical reaction) species.
One example is the polymerization of terephthalic acid with ethylene glycol to form the polymer called Dacron, a fibre, or Mylar, in sheet form. Short Journal Article Washington? In this reaction n is a large number of moles. A chain reaction is a series of smaller reactions in which the previous reaction forms a reagent for the next reaction. The synthesis of hydrogen bromide is a good example: This is websites Form College a simple equation that doesn't properly prove the reaction. Short University? It is writing very complex and starts with this:
The next three reactions are related and should be grouped together. A substitution, or single and double replacement reactions, is a reaction in which ionic compounds react with an element or another compund to form new ionic compounds. Here is an example of single-replacement when chlorine gas reacts with aqueous sodium bromide: Cl2(g) + 2NaBr(aq) 2NaCl(aq) + Br2(l) A double-replacement reaction between barium chloride and potassium carbonate looks like this:
BaCl2(aq) + K2CO3(aq) 2KCl(aq) + BaCO3(s) An elimination reaction is a reaction in which a compound is broken into smaller parts when heated. Here is an example when the same substance is heated and short American Washington, goes through another reaction: 2CHClF2 -* C2F4 + 2HCl. A combination reaction occurs when two or more reactants form a single product. These are grouped into five different categories. One of these categories is associated with the combination of a nonmetal and a nonmetal to form a molecular compound. Article Writing Northampton? Another states that when a nonmetal oxide combines with water to make an acid. For instance when sulfur trioxide and water react sulfuric acid is made:
SO3(s) + H2O(l) H2SO4(aq) Another reaction is called an ionic reaction. It occurs between two ions and can happen very quickly. Journal American? For example, when silver nitrate and sodium chloride are mixed you get silver chloride: AgNO3 + NaCl -* AgCl + NaNO3. The last type of reaction is called oxidation-reduction. These are reactions that involve a change in oxidation number. It is an oxidizing reaction if the oxidation number goes up.
It is a reduction reaction if the oxidation number goes down. These two reactions only happen together. The number of electrons remains the same from start to finish in a redox reaction. This is an example of an Sixth unbalanced redox equation: Fe2+(aq) + MnO4-(aq) Fe3+(aq) + Mn2+(aq)
It is now known that there are three types of chemical reactions. They are classified into three types: exoergic (exothermic), endoergic (endothermic), and aergic (athermic). Journal Article Washington? In these cases, energy is supplied, but the different types of great Lincoln School reactions initiate the journal article American Washington energy differently. Exoergic, or exothermic, reactions release energy during the reaction. Combustion is one of the major reactions that do this.
The burning of wood, or any other fuel, gives off heat, and the burning of websites Cardiff Sixth College glucose in our bodies gives off both energy and heat. Endoergic, or endothermic, reactions absorb energy during the short journal article American reaction. The melting of an ice cube is an essay tutorial Rossall School example of an endothermic reaction. Aergic, or athermic, reactions neither give off nor absorb energy. There are very few cases in which this happens. There are some things that must be considered in a chemical reaction. Kinetics is one of these things. Kinetics decides The speed of the reaction and what is happening on short journal article University Washington a molecular level.
There are a few things that decide the course and speed of the reaction. The first thing is the reactants. Different reactants react at websites to write Sixth Form different speeds. Short Journal American Washington? Even the position of the reactants will affect the to write Cardiff Sixth College reaction rate. Concentration can have a major impact on reaction rate; the more reactants the faster the rate. Also, if the surface area of substances is increased, for instance grinding a metal into powder, will speed up a reaction. Catalysts contribute a needed substance to the reaction to control the reaction rate.
They are responsible for lowering the American University Washington activation energy. The catalyst is an outside substance that is included in the reaction, but is not consumed during the reaction like the reactants are. They cannot make impossible reactions occur, they only about yourself essay University contribute to the reaction to increase the reaction rate. There are also such things as negative catalysts, or inhibitors. Journal Article? Inhibitors retard the writing about essay University reaction rate. This is also a way to control reactions. University? A good example in nature of a catalyst is in a firefly. The reaction that releases the light is complex. Lucifern, which the firefly makes naturally, is article critique State oxidized in short journal American University Washington the presence of luciferase, another natural enzyme, which acts as a catalyst in the reaction. Thus, the reaction makes an excited form of luciferase, which soon returns to websites to write Cardiff College its original state.
Energy as light is released when the lucifrase returns to its normal state. The insect can easily control this reaction with an inhibitor it naturally makes. Another contributor in this consideration is entropy. It is the measure of energy not available for work in the reaction that becomes energy moved to disorder. Entropy is simply a measurement of unusable energy in a closed thermodynamic system. An acid and short journal American University, base reaction is another thing to writing tutorial Williston Northampton consider. Acids and bases react very readily to each other. When an acid and a base react, they form water and a salt.
Acids and bases neutralize each other and form a salt as a byproduct. This reaction reaches what is called equilibria, (When a substance is completely neutral in charge and acidity). One example of short journal how acids and essay writing Rossall School, bases react is the short journal American reaction of calcium hydroxide and phosphoric acid to produce calcium phosphate and writing Rossall School, water: 3Ca(OH)2 + 2H3PO4 -* Ca3(PO4)2 + 6H2O. The last detail is the reaction conditions. The temperature, humidity, and barometric pressure will affect the reaction. Short Journal American? Even a slight change in any one of these could change the reaction. Writing School? Heating a reaction causes the particles to move faster, leading to more collisions and speeding the reaction.
There are many branches of Chemistry that use chemical reactions, infact, almost all of short journal article Washington them. Great Writing Lincoln School? For example, Photochemistry is University one branch of chemistry that deals with chemical reactions. It has to article Louisiana University do with the radiant energy of all kinds formed during chemical reactions. Photochemists will experiment with chemical reactions. They will perform reactions normally only possible at high temperatures in room temperature under ultra-violet radiation.
The reaction rate can be controlled for observation by varying the intensity of the radiation. X-rays and short journal article American, gamma rays are commonly used in critique State these procedures. The most important photochemical reaction is photosynthesis. Carbon-dioxide and water combine with chlorophyll as a catalyst to give off oxygen. Photochemical reactions are caused by photons that are given off by short journal article Washington, the light source. The reactant molecules absorb the photons and get excited. They are at such an excited state, they can decompose, ionize, cause a reaction with other molecules, or give off heat. Another science that uses chemical reactions is Biochemistry.
They use them to produce products that a person either can't produce or cannot do as well as they should. Critical Thinking School? The best example of this the production of insulin. It was first produced in very tiny beads until someone realized that the body does in a very similar way. The person was Robert B. Merrifeild. He was the first to urge scientists to study living systems for the answers to problems that could be solved with synthesizing chemical reactions in the body. This was actually the first step toward the short American University Washington development of bionics. Scientists today are still toying with chemical reactions. Tutorial Rossall? They are trying to control them with lasers. Scientists are trying to use lasers to prod a chemical reaction that could go one way or another, the way they want it to. They want to direct the molecules in one direction. The control of photons to excite molecules and cause reactions has been elusive.
Recently, though, chemist Robert J. Gordon at the University of Illinois achieved coherent phase control of hydrogen disulfide molecules by firing ultraviolet lasers of different wavelengths at them. Laser chemistry looks promising and is a way that chemistry is still being expanded. Again, chemical reactions are the main part of a branch of chemistry. Here again, scientists are playing with chemical reactions. In April of 1995, a chemist named Peter Schultz and a physicist named Paul McEuen of the journal American Washington University of California at Berkeley announced that they could control chemical reactions molecule by molecule.
The key to the technique is to put a dab of platinum on the microscopic tip of an atomic force microscope. (The tip of such a microscope is a tiny cantilever that rides like a phonograph needle just above the essay School surface of a sample and short article, reacts to forces exerted by the electrons beneath it.) The Platinum acts like a catalyst, stimulating a reaction between two reactants, just stimulating a reaction one molecule at a time. The molecules are stimulated in a pattern giving the desired results. Great Essay Writing Lincoln Minster? This discovery opens doors for nanoengineering and material sciences. It gives a good view of what happens, one molecule at a time. Chemical reactions are a large part of chemistry. Learning more about them can have a tremendous effect on what scientists can do in the future. Short University Washington? By studying how to manipulate them to make certain products that could revolutionize the writing world. · Chemical Reactions, Encyclopedia Brittanica MACROPEDIA, 1995, Vol.
15. · Eastman, Richard H., General Chemistry: Experimental and Theory, Holt, Rhinehart, and Winston Inc., 1970. · One Molecule at a Time, Discover, January 1996. · Pauling, Linus and Peter, Chemistry , W. H. Freeman and short journal article University, Co., 1975. · Reactions, Chemical, Encyclopedia Americana, 1982, Vol. 23. · Reactions, Chemical, Academic American Encyclopedia, 1991, Vol. 16. Word Count: 2096. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints.
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