How to write a comparison and contrast essay The University of South Australia (Navitas)
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Compare and Contrast Essay - Sample 1
Compare and contrast essay for pupils who are going to enter language proficiency tests for college or high school.
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A comparative thematic review of the vocational - espace Curtin
metaphor essay man Pope wrote his Essay on Man in rhyming verse. Certainly today, we think anybody that writes poetry is one who is a bit odd, to say the least. Back in how to essay of South Australia, the eighteenth century, it was not so strange. A Professional Roedean? Pope stated that he had two reasons for writing his essay in such a manner. And Contrast The University Of South Australia? First, he thought that principles, maxims, or precepts so written, both strike the reader more strongly at critical writing Bishop Guertin High School first, and are more easily retained by him afterwards. A Comparison And Contrast Essay The University? The second reason that Pope gave is that he thought that he could express himself more shortly this way than in critical essay writing Guertin School, prose itself. I here make comments about the expressions and thoughts of how to write a comparison and contrast essay The University Pope in his essay.
I have quoted at write a university application The University of Westminster length from his essay. Certainly there is much I have left out, because, likely, certain verses referred to events, persons and a comparison and contrast essay, things of the early eighteenth century which, quite frankly, I am unfamiliar with. Spattered throughout Pope's work are references to God and how to write Roedean, His great domain. Such references in the writings out of the eighteenth century are not strange. The livelihood of writers, by and large -- as was with the how to write essay of South Australia case of all artists back then -- depended almost entirely on the generosity of church and state, so it was necessary in those days that writers give due regard to religious authority. Believing that if Pope were looking over how to write my shoulder he would have no objection, I have left out how to write a comparison and contrast religious epaulets. Within the first few lines, we see Pope wondering about the fruitlessness of write University (INTO) life. We have no choice: we come to it, look out and then die.
What we see as we look out on the scene of man is a mighty maze! But Pope does not think this complex of existence is without a plan. Man might sort through the maze because he has a marvelous mental faculty, that of reason; man can determine the nature of the world in write a comparison and contrast essay Australia (Navitas), which he lives; he can see that all things have bearings, ties and strong connections and nice dependencies. He, who thro' vast immensity can pierce, See worlds on worlds compose one universe, Observe how system into system runs, What other planets circle other suns, Look'd thro'? or can a part contain the whole? Is the great chain that draws all to agree, - And, drawn, supports - upheld by God or thee?
In his next stanza, Pope makes reference to presumptuous man! Why should one be disturbed because he cannot immediately figure out write opinion essay Ashford School all of the mysteries with which he is presented? It cannot be expected that one part of existence (man) should understand all the other parts, he then continues: As of how to write and contrast essay The University of South (Navitas) thy mother Earth, why oaks are made. Taller or stronger than the essay writing weeds they shade. And all that rises, rise in due degree; Then, in the sale of reas'ning life, 'tis plain.
There must be, somewhere, such a rank as Man. When the dull ox, why now he breaks the clod, Is now a victim, and now Egypt's god, - Then say not Man's imperfect, Heav'n in fault, - Say rather Man's as perfect as he ought: His knowledge measur'd to his state and place, His time a moment, and a point his space. Pope continues with this theme into his third stanza, in saying Heav'n from how to a comparison and contrast essay (Navitas), all creatures hides the book of steps to write a narrative University fate, and continues: The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day, Had he thy reason, would he skip and play? Pleas'd to how to write a comparison essay (Navitas) the last he crops the essay Guertin School flow'ry food, And licks the hand just rais'd to shed his blood. Who sees with equal eye, as God of all,
A hero perish, or a sparrow fall, Atoms or systems into ruin hurl'd, And now a bubble burst, and now a world. Then giving way to his religious bent, makes reference to the great teacher Death and write The University of South Australia (Navitas), continues with his most famous lines: Hope springs eternal in the human breast; Man never is, but always to be blest: The soul uneasy and confin'd from opinion essay, home,
Rest and expatiates in a life to a comparison essay of South (Navitas) come. Next, Pope deals with native people of the uncivilized territories of the world, and how they do not get hung up on such large questions as are expressed in Pope's essay: Lo, the poor Indian! whose untutor'd mind. Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind; His soul proud Science never taught to to write a narrative essay Monash stray. Far as the of South solar walk or milky way;
Yet simple Nature to his hope has giv'n, Behind the steps a narrative essay Monash University cloud-topp'd hill, a humbler heav'n; Some safer world in depth of woods embrac'd, Some happier island in the wat'ry waste, Where slaves once more their native land behold, No fiends torment, no Christians thirst for gold! To be, contents his natural desire; He asks no angel's wing, no seraph's fire:
But things, admitted to that equal sky, His faithful dog shall bear him company. Next, we see Pope start to develop the theme that runs throughout his essay; man is part of a larger setting, a part of nature. Man depends on how to write a comparison and contrast of South Australia (Navitas) nature for his very substance, and yet, treats her roughly. Write? Destroy all creatures for thy sport or gust, Yet cry, if Man's unhappy, God's unjust; Ask for write essay Australia (Navitas), what end the heav'nly bodies shine,
Earth for whose use, Pride answers, 'Tis for mine! For me kind Nature wakes her genial pow'r, Suckles each herb and spreads out ev'ry flow'r; Pope asserts that man is ruled from within, by his reason and by opinion essay University of Gloucestershire (INTO) his passion. Better for us, perhaps, it might appear, Were there are harmony, all virtue here; That never air or ocean felt the wind; That never passion discompos'd the mind.
But all subsists by elemental strife; And passions are the elements of life. The gen'ral Order since the whole began. Is kept in Nature, and is kept in Man. Passion may be equated to how to essay The University Australia instinct; and instinct is the sole guide of animals. Write Essay Ashford School? Instinct is all that animals need as evolution has fitted each animal to his home environment, unlike man who is in want of the strength of bulls, the fur of how to write and contrast of South Australia (Navitas) bears. Here with degrees of swiftness, there of force: All in exact proportion to the state; Nothing to add, and steps a narrative University, nothing to abate. Each beast, each insect, happy in its own: Is Heav'n unkind to Man, and a comparison essay The University Australia, Man alone?
Shall he alone, whom rational we call, Be pleas'd with nothing, if not bless'd with all? Again, Pope emphasizes how nature all good and wise. and what it gives, and what denies has perfected itself and many of its creations: The spider's tough how exquisitely fine! Feels at each thread, and lives along the line: In the nice bee, what sense so subtly true. From pois'nous herbs extracts the healing dew?
In nature, we find life in a complete variety, - vast chain of essay writing Bishop Guertin High School being everything beast, bird, fish, insect. Or in the full creation leave a void, Where, one step broken, the great scale's destroy'd: From Nature's chain whatever link you strike, Tenth or ten thousandth, breaks the chain alike. The point, I think, is that there is a fearful balance of nature in all its variety, and we dare not destroy one aspect of nature for fear of destroying the whole.
All this dread order break - for The University of South Australia (Navitas), whom? for opinion of Gloucestershire (INTO), thee? Vile worm! - oh madness! pride! impiety! In the a comparison and contrast of South Australia (Navitas) last line of Pope's first epistle, he bangs home the importance of the ruling mind of nature, that while some parts might seem to steps us to be absurd, it is part of the general frame that all of nature, including ourselves, are but parts of how to write a comparison essay The University of South Australia one stupendous whole. This whole body of nature is through all life and extends throughout all of the summer essay Academy universe and operates unspent. Pope concludes his first epistle: Safe in how to write The University of South (Navitas), the hand of one disposing Pow'r, Or in summer Montverde, the natal, or the mortal hour. All Nature is but Art, unknown to thee; All chance, direction, which thou canst not see. All discord, harmony not understood, All partial evil, universal good: And, spite of how to write a comparison and contrast The University of South Australia pride, in erring reason's spite,
One truth is clear, whatever is, is right. Pope opens his second Epistle much the steps essay University same as he opened his first. What is the function of man, positioned as he is somewhere between a god and a comparison and contrast essay of South, a beast. Man, during that brief interlude between birth and death, experiences a chaos of thought and passion, all confus'd. He finds on earth the Great lord of all things, yet a prey to all. Man's function, Pope concludes, is to make a proper study of write opinion essay mankind ; man is to know himself. What man will come to know is write a comparison and contrast of South (Navitas), that he is ruled by write opinion essay Ashford School passion; passion is the ruler and Australia (Navitas), reason it's counsellor.
Alas what wonder! Man's superior part. Uncheck'd may rise and a university application The University of Westminster, climb from art to art; But when his own great work is how to a comparison and contrast essay of South (Navitas), but begun, What Reason weaves, by essay School Passion is undone. It is in the nature of man to first serve himself; but, on account of reason, to do so with the long range in view. How To Write Australia (Navitas)? Two Principles in human nature reign; Self-love, to urge, and essay writing, Reason, to restrain; Self-love still stronger, as its objects nigh; Reason's at how to a comparison essay distance, and in prospect lie: A person is driven by passion, driven by how to write Roedean School his desire for pleasure; temptation is strong and passion is thicker than arguments.
However, a person soon learns through bitter experience that one cannot let his or her passions run wild. Attention, habit and write and contrast The University, experience gains; Each strengthens Reason, and Self-love restrains. Self-love and Reason to critical Bishop School one end aspire, Pain their aversion, Pleasure their desire, Pleasure, or wrong or rightly understood, Our greatest evil, or our greatest good. Passions, tho' selfish, if their means be fair,
List under reason, and deserve her care. On life's vast ocean diversely we sail, Reason the card, but passion is the how to and contrast The University Australia gale;2. Love, Hope, and Joy, fair Pleasure's smiling train, Hate, Fear, and Grief, the family of critical writing High School Pain, These mix'd with art, and to write a comparison and contrast Australia due bounds confin'd, Make and maintain the balance of the mind: Pope's theme is opinion essay Ashford School, again repeated: the two driving forces of man are his reason and write and contrast (Navitas), his passion. However, passion is the king and reason but a weak queen. What can she more than tell us we are fools? Teach us to mourn our nature, not to mend.
A sharp accuser but a helpless friend! Reason (th' Eternal Art, educing good from ill) is not a guide but a guard. Passion is the critical essay writing Bishop Guertin High School mightier pow'r. Envy, Pope points out how to and contrast Australia (Navitas) as an aside, is something that can be possessed only by those who are learn'd or brave. Ambition: can destroy or save, and makes a patriot as it makes a knave.
With Pope's thoughts, it soon becomes clear one should not necessarily consider that envy and steps to write essay, ambition are in themselves wrong. They are moving forces in a person and if properly guided, can serve a person well. How To And Contrast The University Of South (Navitas)? As, in some well-wrought picture, light and shade. And oft so mix, the diff'rence is too nice, Where ends the virtue, or begins the vice. And virtuous and vicious ev'ry man must be, Few in write opinion essay, the extreme, but all in the degree; Each person is how to write a comparison and contrast The University of South, driven by self-love, but on the same occasion each on writing Guertin High School the other to depend, a master, or a servant, or a friend, bids each on other for assistance call. Each person seeks his own happiness, seeks his own contentment; each is proud in what he or she has achieved, no matter what another person might think of how to a comparison essay of South those achievements.
Whate'er the passions, knowledge, fame, or pelf, Not one will change is neighbour with himself. The learn'd is happy nature to explore, The fool is how to a professional article Roedean, happy that he knows no more; The rich is happy in the plenty given, The poor contents him with the care of Heaven, See the blind beggar dance, the cripple sing. The sot a hero, lunatic a king; The starving chemist in his golden views. Supremely bless'd, the poet in his Muse. None of write a comparison essay The University (Navitas) us should be critical of another person's choice in life, who is to know it is right.
Behold the summer child, by nature's kindly law, Pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw: Some livelier plaything give his youth delight, A little louder, but as empty quite: Scarfs, garters, gold, amuse his riper stage, And beads and prayer-books are the toys of age: Pleased with this bauble still, as that before, Till tired he sleeps, and life's poor play is o'er. Pope returns, in and contrast The University of South Australia (Navitas), his third Epistle, to his ever present theme, all is natural in nature and man is critical essay writing Bishop School, a part of nature.
He first observes how plastic nature is, how everything is dependant on one and the other, is attracted to how to a comparison and contrast essay The University of South Australia (Navitas) one and the other, down even to single atoms. Everything it's neighbour to embrace. How To Write Application The University? (While Pope did not do so, he might just as easily have observed that things in nature repel one another, equally so. All things, in how to essay The University of South Australia (Navitas), the final analysis, are held in the balance, suspended, so it seems, between the how to write a university The University two great forces of attraction and how to write The University of South Australia (Navitas), repulsion.) All forms that perish other forms supply, (By turns we catch the write essay University of Gloucestershire vital breath, and die) Like bubbles on the sea a matter borne, They rise, they break, and to that sea return. Nothing is foreign; parts relate to whole: Then, Pope picks up once again his theme of the a comparison of South ruling principles, reason and passion. Ashford School? Here in his third Epistle, he refers to write and contrast essay The University of South (Navitas) instinct as the unerring guide that reason often fails us, though sometimes serves when press'd.
But honest instinct comes a volunteer, Sure never to o'ershoot, but just to hit, While still to wide or short is human wit; Sure by quick nature happiness to gain, Which heavier reason labour at in vain. Instinct can be seen at work throughout nature, for example, Who make the write essay Ashford spider parallels design . without rule or line? Not just the spider does things by instinct, man does. The obvious example is his artistic work, but our instincts serve us on a much broader range.
Think! And you will wonder about many of the daily things that are done, automatically it seems. What, exactly, is how to a comparison and contrast essay Australia, it that prompts us to do things. Who calls the council, states the certain day, Who forms the phalanx, and who points the way? Pope then comes to a rather critical passage in his essay, when he deals with family units in the animal kingdom versus human beings. The fact of the matter is, family units do not count for write application essay The University of Westminster, much in the animal kingdom, at any rate, not for long.
However, family connections for human beings extend over how to write a comparison and contrast essay a long period, indeed, over a lifetime. I would observe that it is an evolutionary development, needed because of the long time required before a child passes into adulthood. These family feelings are important for the development and cohesion of the family, but not necessarily good when extended to the larger group, society as a whole (this is a theme that I have developed elsewhere (EconEcon.doc) and which someday I hope to put up on the 'net.). Thus beast and bird their common charge attend, The mothers nurse it, and the sires defend: The young dismiss'd to wander earth or air, There stops the instinct, and a university essay The University of Westminster, there ends the care; The link dissolves, each seeks a fresh embrace, Another love succeeds, another race. A longer care man's helpless kind demands;
That longer care contracts more lasting bands: Reflection, reason, still the ties improve, At one extend the interest, and the love; With choice we fix, with sympathy we burn; Each virtue in how to a comparison essay The University Australia, each passion takes its turn; And still new needs, new helps, new habits rise.
That graft benevolence on charities. Still as one brood, and as another rose, These natural love maintain'd, habitual those: The last, scarce ripen'd into application essay The University of Westminster perfect man, Saw helpless from him whom their life began: Memory and forecast just returns engage; That pointed back to youth, this on to age; While pleasure, gratitude, and hope, combined, Still spread the interest, and preserved the kind.
Pope then, continuing with his third Epistle, returns to his principle and the power of nature. Nature is a driving gale, a fact which can be observed in the voice of nature and how to and contrast essay of South, which we can learn from the birds and the beasts. Steps To Write A Narrative Essay Monash? It was the how to a comparison of South (Navitas) power of nature that built the ant's republic and the realm of bees. Pope observes anarchy without confusion. Their separate cells and properties maintain. Mark what unvaried laws preserve each state;- Laws wise as nature, and as fix'd as fate. In vain thy reason finer webs shall draw; Entangle justice in her net of law;
And right, too rigid, harden into wrong, Still for the strong too weak, the weak too strong. Yet go! and thus o'er all the creatures sway; Thus let the wiser make the rest obey; And for how to a professional article Roedean, those arts mere instinct could afford, Be crown'd as monarchs, or as gods adored. It is the same voice of nature by which men evolved and cities were built, societies were made.
That while men in the gradual and slow build-up ravished one another with war, it was commerce that brought about civilization. Men came to new countries with war-like intentions, but soon became friends when they realized there was much more profit in trade. How To Write And Contrast Essay The University Of South Australia? When love was liberty, and Guertin, nature law: Thus states were form'd; the name of king unknown, Till common interest placed the how to write a comparison and contrast Australia sway in how to write a university application essay of Westminster, one. 'Twas Virtue only, or in arts or arms, So, it was trade that built civilizations, and Pope observes, that it was tradition that preserves them. How To The University Of South Australia? Convey'd unbroken faith from sire to how to a university application The University son;
The worker from the work distinct was known, Then, continuing in this historical vein, Pope deals with the development of government and of laws. So drives self-love, through just and through unjust. To one man's power, ambition, lucre, lust: The same self-love, in all, becomes the cause. Of what restrains him, government and laws:
For, what one likes if others like as well, What serves one will, when many wills rebel? How shall we keep, what, sleeping or awake, A weaker may surprise, a stronger take? His safety must his liberty restrain: All join to guard what each desires to gain. Forced into a comparison of South Australia virtue thus by self-defence, Ev'n kings learn'd justice and benevolence: Self-love forsook the path it first pursued, And found the private in the public good. 'Twas then, the studious head or generous mind,
Follower of God or friend of human-kind, Poet or patriot, rose but to restore. The faith and moral Nature gave before; Relumed her ancient light, not kindled new; If not God's image, yet his shadow drew; Taught power's due use to people and to steps a narrative essay kings; Taught not to slack nor strain its tender strings; The less or greater set so justly true,
That touching one must strike the other too; Till jarring int'rests of write a comparison essay Australia themselves create. Th' according music of write Roedean School a well-mix'd state. Such is the write and contrast essay The University of South world's great harmony, that springs. From order, union, full consent of things:
Where small and write opinion School, great, where weak and mighty made. To serve, not suffer, strengthen, not invade; More pow'rful each as needful to the rest, And in proportion as it blesses, blest; Draw to write a comparison essay of South Australia one point, and to one centre bring. Beast, man, or angel, servant, lord, or king. Pope makes a side observation that while government is necessary, its form is of less importance, what is important, is a good administration: For forms of government let fools contest; Whate'er is opinion essay (INTO), best administer'd is best: Pope then concludes in his third Epistle, emphasizing that regard for oneself and his family has to be different than regard for the whole of society, that nature link'd the how to write and contrast of South gen'ral frame and bade self-love and summer essay writing Academy, social be the same. In his last Epistle on the Essay of Man, Pope deals with the subject of write and contrast essay The University of South happiness.
It may be any one of a number of things, it depends on the person: good, pleasure, ease, content! whatever thy name. That happiness as a plant of celestial seed will grow, and opinion (INTO), if it doesn't, one should not blame the soil, but rather the way one tends the soil. Though man may well seek happiness in how to essay of South (Navitas), many quarters, it will only be found in nature. Man should avoid extremes. He should not go about in life trusting everything, but on the same occasion neither should he be a total skeptic. Take Nature's path, and made Opinion's leave; All states can reach it and all heads conceive; Obvious her goods, in no extreme they dwell; There needs but thinking right, and meaning well;
And mourn our various portions as we please, Equal is common sense, and common ease. To Pope, pleasure does not last, it sicken, and all glories sink. To each person comes his or her share and who would more obtain, Shall find the pleasure pays not half the write Ashford School pain. To be rich, to be wise: these are both laudable goals and a person looking about will always be able to write essay Australia (Navitas) find others who have riches and opinion essay School, wisdom in varying degrees, but it cannot be concluded to any degree that they are happy. Happiness comes when one has health, peace, and competence. Of South (Navitas)? It is not clear to me from Pope's lines how one might secure peace and steps Monash, competence; health, he says, consists with temperance alone. It is in the nature of man to and contrast essay attempt to change things; he is never happy with things as he finds them; never happy with his fellow man; never happy with the essay writing Academy world about him. We forever strive to write and contrast essay of South Australia (Navitas) make things perfect, a state that can hardly be define in write University (INTO), human terms.
Those that reflect on man's condition will soon have Utopian dreams. But still this world, so fitted for the knave, Contents us not. A better shall we have? A kingdom of the just then let it be: But first consider how those just agree. The good must merit God's peculiar care; But who but God can tell us who they are? It all too often appears to us that virtue starves, while vice is fed. One might wish for man to be a God and for earth to be a heaven, both God and heaven coming from the a comparison and contrast of South Australia (Navitas) imaginations of man. But, Pope concludes: 'Whatever is, is right.' -- This world, 'tis true.
Of fame, Pope says, it is but a fancied life in others' breath . All that we feel of it begins and ends in the small circle of our foes and friends . Write Essay? It will get you nothing but a crowd of stupid starers and of loud huzzas. How To And Contrast Of South Australia? Of wisdom, Pope attempts a definition and points out how often the wise are bound to opinion University of Gloucestershire (INTO) trudge alone with neither help nor understanding from his fellow man. In parts superior what advantage lies! Tell, for you can, what is write essay of South (Navitas), it to write a university essay The University of Westminster be wise? 'Tis but to know how little can be known ; To see all others' faults, and feel our own:
Condem'd in business or in arts to drudge, Without a second, or without a judge: Truths would you teach, or save a sinking land? All fear, none aid you, and few understand. And so we arrive at the last of Pope's lines. Show'd erring Pride, WHATEVER IS, IS RIGHT; That Reason, Passion, answer one great aim;
That true Self-love and Social are the same . 1 The Poetical Works of Alexander Pope which includes Dr. Johnson's 65 page biography on a comparison essay The University Australia Pope, Essay on Man (31 pp.); Essay on Criticism (17 pp.), Rape of the steps a narrative Lock (19 pp.), The Dunciad (31 pp.). My vintage copy has within it two frontispiece Steel Engravings (Philadelphia: Hazard, 1857). 2 Here, again, we see Pope refer to essay of South Australia (Navitas) the analogy of the sailing ship on how to a university application The University the sea finding its way only write essay The University Australia, with compass (card) for how to write article Roedean, direction and how to write a comparison essay The University Australia (Navitas), the wind in summer writing Montverde Academy, the sails to drive the how to write essay of South vessel along.
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14 Skills and Values Employers Seek in Jobseekers. by Randall S. Write The University Australia? Hansen, Ph.D., and Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Steps To Write University? Job Skills to list on your Resume. Deals with acting in a responsible and fair manner in all your personal and write a comparison and contrast of South (Navitas), work activities, which is seen as a sign of maturity and self-confidence; avoid being petty. How to describe this skill on your resume: Conscientious go-getter who is highly organized, dedicated, and committed to professionalism. Employers probably respect personal integrity more than any other value, especially in light of the many recent corporate scandals. How to describe this skill on your resume: Seasoned professional whose honesty and integrity create effective leadership and optimal business relationships. Deals with openness to new ideas and writing Montverde, concepts, to write and contrast The University Australia working independently or as part of a team, and to carrying out multiple tasks or projects. Essay Writing Academy? How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly adaptable, mobile, positive, resilient, patient risk-taker who is open to new ideas. Employers seek jobseekers who love what they do and will keep at how to write a comparison of South Australia it until they solve the problem and get the job done. Write Opinion School? How to describe this skill on your resume: Productive worker with solid work ethic who exerts optimal effort in successfully completing tasks.
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While there is some debate about whether leadership is something people are born with, these skills deal with your ability to essay (INTO) take charge and manage your co-workers. How to describe this skill on your resume: Goal-driven leader who maintains a productive climate and confidently motivates, mobilizes, and how to write a comparison essay of South Australia (Navitas), coaches employees to meet high-performance standards. Write University? 12.Multicultural Sensitivity/Awareness. There is possibly no bigger issue in the workplace than diversity, and jobseekers must demonstrate a sensitivity and awareness to other people and how to write essay Australia (Navitas), cultures. How to how to application essay The University describe this skill on your resume: Personable professional whose strengths include cultural sensitivity and The University (Navitas), an ability to build rapport with a diverse workforce in multicultural settings. Deals with your ability to design, plan, organize, and implement projects and tasks within an allotted timeframe. Also, involves goal-setting. How to write opinion essay describe this skill on your resume: Results-driven achiever with exemplary planning and organizational skills, along with a high degree of detail orientation. And Contrast The University Of South? Because so many jobs involve working in one or more work-groups, you must have the ability to work with others in a professional manner while attempting to achieve a common goal.
How to summer essay writing Montverde Academy describe this skill on your resume: Resourceful team player who excels at building trusting relationships with customers and colleagues. Final Thoughts on Employment Skills and Values. Employability skills and personal values are the critical tools and The University Australia, traits you need to succeed in the workplace? and they are all elements that you can learn, cultivate, develop, and maintain over your lifetime. Once you have identified the sought-after skills and values and assessed the degree to summer essay writing Montverde which you possess them, begin to market them by building them into your resume, cover letter, and interview answers) for job-search success. How To Write The University Australia (Navitas)? See also our Transferable Job Skills for writing Montverde, Jobseekers.Click here to begin building your own resume! More Information about Employability Skills: Skills Employers Seek, reporting on annual results from the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) survey of employers to write essay The University (Navitas) determine the top 10 personal qualities/skills employers seek.
From the to write Career Development Center at Binghamton University. Skills Employers Seek, from Loughborough University. Skills Employers Seek, from Psych Web Top 10 Soft Skills in Demand, from write and contrast The University, LiveCareer Resume Skills Section, from LiveCareer. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to write opinion University of Gloucestershire help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen.
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Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to steps to write a narrative essay a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and how to write a comparison The University, The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at email@example.com. Check out steps a narrative essay Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. How To Of South Australia? I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog.
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Essay on Protein Synthesis | Biology. In this essay we will discuss about Protein Synthesis. How To A Comparison And Contrast Essay. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Mechanism of Protein Synthesis 2. Ribosomes in Protein Synthesis 3. Non-Ribosomal Polypeptide Synthesis 4. Transfer RNA (tRNA) 5. Activation and Formation of Aminoacyl tRNA Molecules 6. Initiation 7. Energetics. Essay on the Mechanism of write Roedean Protein Synthesis Essay on the Ribosomes in Protein Synthesis Essay on the Non-Ribosomal Polypeptide Synthesis Essay on the Transfer RNA (tRna) in Protein Synthesis Essay on the Activation and Formation of Aminoacyl tRNA Molecules in Protein Synthesis Essay on the Initiation of a comparison The University Australia (Navitas) Protein Synthesis Essay on the Energetics of Protein Synthesis. Essay # 1. Mechanism of opinion Ashford School Protein Synthesis: Proteins are complex macromolecules consisting of a series of and contrast essay Australia polypeptide chains made up of varying amounts of steps to write a narrative essay Monash University 20 different amino acids. In addition to their primary sequence, protein chains have secondary and how to essay of South tertiary structures that localize hydrophilic (water-loving) and hydrophobic (water-hating) areas. Protein biosynthesis is an extremely important mechanism because the functions served by how to write essay The University the proteins are numerous, ranging from catalysis of cellular reactions to participation in structural cellular elements. Large amounts of proteins may remain stored in some plant tissues as a source of energy and nitrogen to how to write Australia be utilised during periods of rapid growth. Write Essay School. Proteins may also be conjugated with nucleic acids (nucleoproteins), carbohydrates (glycoproteins) or lipids (lipoproteins). Crick in 1958 enunciated a rule that has continued to be known as the central dogma of molecular biology.
Genetic information is carried by sequences of DNA (or in the cases of some viruses by RNA). Through the stages of transcription and translation, they may be converted into the amino acid sequence of protein. The situation described by the central dogma (Fig. 10.18) is: The mechanism of protein synthesis involves process of translation because the language of the four base-pairing letters of nucleic acids is translated into the language of how to write a comparison and contrast essay Australia (Navitas) twenty letters of proteins. Translation is a complex process and in fact it necessitates the coordinated interplay of more than a hundred kinds of macromolecules.
Through the process, a protein is synthesized in amino-to-carboxyl direction by University sequential addition of amino acids to the carboxyl end of the and contrast (Navitas), growing peptide chain. The activated precursors are amino acyl tRNAs, in which the a university application The University of Westminster, carboxyl group of an amino acid is the 3? terminus of a tRNA. How To Write And Contrast Essay The University Australia (Navitas). The covalent linking of an amino acid to its corresponding tRNA is catalysed by a specific aminoacyl tRNA synthetase. A current, generalized picture of protein synthesis would require the following participants: 1. A pool containing adequate amount of 20 amino acids commonly found in proteins. 2. Write Opinion University (INTO). A minimum of 20 amino acid activating enzymes and adequate supply of ATP and GTP.
3. A pool of more than 20 but fewer than 64 (= 4 3 , the write a comparison essay of South, possible number of triplet codons) tRNA molecules are required, as there is more than one codon (degenerate codons) specifying a single amino acid in some cases. 4. A pool of subcellular ribonucleoprotein particles called ribosomes. This requirement is satisfied not only by the intact ribosomes but also by stoichiometric amounts of small and large subunits. 5. Two or more enzymatic components (transfer factors and elongation factors) involved in how to write a professional article School polypeptide chain elongation. 6. Certain cofactors required for chain initiation and termination, as well as for write a comparison essay Australia the release of completed chains from their sites of synthesis. In 1952, P. Siekevitz then working in P.C. Zamecnik’s laboratory at essay writing, Harvard first discovered a cell-free system for protein synthesis, in which he used the microsomal fraction of rat liver. Most of the key experiments have subsequently been performed with just two systems: (i) A cell-free system from rabbit reticulocytes.
(ii) a similar system from a comparison and contrast The University Australia (Navitas), E. coli and Zamecnik. All the experimental results with the in vitro systems indicate that protein synthesis consists of four broad sequential steps as follows: 1. How To Write A Professional Article Roedean School. Activation of amino acids and formation of amino acyl tRNA molecules. 2. Initiation of synthesis of polypeptide chain. 3. Chain elongation. 4. Chain termination. Let us discuss about the ribosomes and tRNA before describing the process in more detail.
Essay # 2. Ribosomes in Protein Synthesis: Ribosomes are the how to a comparison and contrast essay of South Australia (Navitas), organelles of protein synthesis consisting of large and small subunits. A ribosome is a highly specialized and complex structure. From E. coli stable monomeric ribosomes can be obtained in Bishop School the presence of high concentration of Mg 2+ , that exhibit a sedimentation coefficient of 70S (Fig. 10.20), a particle having a weight of 25?10 6 , and a diameter of 180 A.
As the Mg 2+ concentration is lowered, dissociation occurs into two stable, non-identical subunits. These small and large subunits, show sedimentation coefficients of 30S (M = 0.85X10 6 Daltons) and 50S (M = 1.8?10 6 Daltons), respectively. These subunits can be further split into their constituent proteins (36%) and write a comparison The University of South Australia (Navitas) RNAs (64%). The 30S subunit contains 21 proteins and a 16S RNA molecule of about 1500 nucleotides of which 11 are specifically methylated. The 50S subunit contains 34 proteins and a large RNA molecule of School 23S comprised of about 3000 nucleotides, 22 of which are methylated; as well as a smaller one of 5S species with 120 nucleotides, none of which are methylated. Protein components of both the subunits are also distinct. The large subunit contains about 34 polypeptides in more or less equimolar amounts.
The small subunit contains 21 such polypeptides. Write A Comparison Australia (Navitas). All the proteins are different. Only two proteins are common in write essay both the subunits. Some of these proteins remain attached to how to a comparison essay Australia (Navitas) the specific regions of RNA providing attachment to other proteins. These proteins are called primary binding proteins.
The two subunits can be further dissociated by treatment with 4.9M CsCl containing 0.04M MgCl 2 into core particles, lacking some of the how to write a university application essay of Westminster, proteins, and and contrast of South the proteins in a soluble form called split proteins (SP). The monomeric unit of eukaryotic ribosome shows a sedimentation coefficient of 77S to 80S and can be dissociated into two asymmetric subunits with sedimentation coefficients of 58S to 60S and. 40S (38S to 45S) and molecular weights of 2.4?10 6 and 1.2?10 6 respectively. The subunits contain about write a university application The University of Westminster 55 per cent RNA and 45 per cent protein. The small subunit contains a single 18S RNA molecule, whereas the large subunit contains three RNA molecules (28S, 7S and 5S). A Comparison And Contrast The University Of South Australia. The ribosomal proteins are insoluble in write opinion essay University of Gloucestershire (INTO) water at pH 7.0 under normal conditions but can be sequentially extracted with concentrated salt solutions. Ribosomes can be reassembled from write a comparison The University of South, their component RNAs and proteins. So far as the active centres of ribosome are concerned, it has got various sites for protein functioning— mRNA binding site, peptidyl (P) site, aminoacyl (A) site, peptidyl transferase site, TU site and EFG site (Fig. Critical Essay Writing Bishop Guertin High. 10.21). mRNA binding site is located on the 30S subunit including the proteins S1, S3, S4, S5, S12, S18, S21 and 3? end of the a comparison The University of South, 16S rRNA. It is close to the P site.
IF3 binds to write opinion Ashford School this site. P site is mostly located on the 30S subunit and how to a comparison and contrast of South (Navitas) is able to write application The University bind initiator tRNA. On the large subunit, the P site includes L2, L14, L18, L24, L27 and L33. A site is close to write essay Australia (Navitas) the P site. Most of the critical essay writing Bishop High School, functions found with the how to write a comparison and contrast essay of South Australia, A site are on the 50S subunit. This site includes L1, L5, L7/L12, L20, L30 and L33. Peptidyl transferase site lies somewhere in essay writing Bishop Guertin High School the region connecting the write and contrast The University, A and P sites, close to the terminus of tRNA. 5S RNA site may be near the peptidyl transferase site, including L5, L8 and L25.
TU site includes many proteins like L1, L5, L20 and L7/L12. EF-G site is located on the large subunit close to the S12 at the junction with small subunit. Essay # 3. Non-Ribosomal Polypeptide Synthesis : A different mechanism of protein synthesis is found certain strains of Baccilus brevis, a spore- forming bacterium. The bacterium produces a cyclic peptide antibiotic known as gramicidin S, made up of two identical pentapeptides joined head-to-tail. The biosynthesis of a narrative Monash University this antibiotic does not depend on the presence of ribosomes or mRNA. The entire biosynthesis occurs by two enzymes E I and E II . D-phenylalanine is how to write a comparison and contrast essay of South Australia, activated by E II , whereas the other four amino acids are activated by opinion essay Ashford E I . The amino acids are activated by the formation of enzyme bound thioesters. The activated amino acid remains attached to a sulfhydryl group of and contrast Australia E I or E II . Similarly, L-proline, L-valine and L-leucine form thioester linkages with specific sulphydryls of E r Likewise, D-phenylalanine forms a thioester bond with E II in the presence of ATP.
The D-phenylalanine residue on E II is transferred to the imino group of the L-proline residue on summer writing Academy E I to form a dipeptide. The activated carbonyl group of the write essay The University, proline residue in the dipeptide reacts with the amino group of the valine residue on the same enzyme to yield a tripeptide. The process is steps essay, repeated again with ornithine and then with leucine to give a pentapeptide bound to the E 1 enzyme. The growing peptide is transferred one by one to different sulphydryl groups with the formation of a peptide bond each time. Finally, the activated pentapeptides attached to two different E I molecules react with each other to how to a comparison (Navitas) form cyclic gramicidin S. This mode of protein synthesis is uneconomical compared with the how to a university essay of Westminster, ribosomal mechanism. A peptide containing more than about fifteen residues is how to and contrast of South (Navitas), not synthesized by this mechanism.
Lipmann suggests that this polypeptide synthesis may be a surviving relic of a primitive mechanism of protein synthesis used early in opinion essay evolution. Ribosomal protein synthesis may have evolved from fatty acid synthesis. Essay # 4. Transfer RNA (tRna) in Protein Synthesis: The transfer RNAs are also called the translational adaptor molecules. They occupy an important position in protein synthesis because they provide the link between the nucleotide and how to a comparison The University Australia the amino acid codes. For this reason the tRNA have received considerable attention since their discovery in 1957- 58. The base sequence of a tRNA molecule was first determined by Robert Holley in 1965. He also created techniques for the sequencing of steps to write Monash nucleic acids in general.
Since then the primary structure of a number of additional tRNAs mostly from yeast and E. coli has been elucidated. The tRNA molecules are relatively small and soluble in 1M NaCl. The length of different species appears to vary from 76 to 85 nucleotide residues. Their molecular weight is about 25.000. Except for the usual A, G, C and U, they contain a variety of unusual nucleosides, such as pseudouridine (?), dihydrouridine (H 2 U), ribothymidine (rT), inosine (I), mono and dimethyl derivatives of adenosine and guanosine and thiolated derivatives. How To Write Of South (Navitas). These modifications take place on Montverde one of the four bases only after it has been incorporated into the polyribonucleotide chain. From a wide variety of sources the sequences of more than 150 tRNAs have been determined. The single-stranded RNA chain forms a clover leaf structure (Fig.
10.22), due to base pairing between short regions that are complementary. A standard orientation and terminology for how to write and contrast The University of South (Navitas) the generalized representation of a tRNA in the clover leaf form are illustrated in the figure. There are four loops and School four major arms. The arms are named for their structure or function. The acceptor arm consisting of a base-paired stem that always ends in an unpaired CCA sequence whose free 2’/3? OH group is amino-acylated and the 5? end generally terminates either in G or C. The other arms consist of paired stems and how to write a comparison and contrast essay Australia unpaired loops.
The D arm is named for the presence of di-hydrouracil (D) base. The anticodon arm always contains the anticodon triplet in the centre of the loop. The T ? C arm is named for the presence of this triplet sequence (? stands for pseudouridine). The variable feature of tRNA is the so-called extra arm, lying in opinion (INTO) between the T ? C and anticodon arms and on the basis of its nature tRNAs are classified into two types—Class 1 tRNA (having a small extra arm) and write a comparison The University of South Australia (Navitas) the Class 2 tRNA (having a large extra arm). In clockwise direction around the clover leaf, there are always seven base pairs in the acceptor stem, five in the T ? C arm, five in the anticodon arm and usually three in the D arm. Through X-ray crystallographic studies by Alexander Rich and Aaron Klug the three-dimensional tertiary structure of tRNA is now known to be L-shaped (Fig. 10.23). The base-paired double helical stems of the secondary structure are maintained in the tertiary structure.
The arrangement of the stems in three dimensions essentially creates two double helices at right angles to each other. The CCA terminus with the amino acid attachment site is at one end of the L. The other end of the L is the anticodon loop. The D and T?C loops form the corner of the L. Essay. Most of the bases in the non-helical regions participate in unusual hydrogen bonding interactions which are not usually complementary. This model was worked out in detail for phenylalanine tRNA of yeast, the first tRNA to be crystallized. This tertiary structure suggests some general conclusions about the function of write The University of South tRNA.
The aminoacyl site is far distant from the anticodon (about 80 A), which is necessary for the amino acyl group to be located near peptidyl transferase site on the large subunit, while the anticodon pairs with mRNA on to write a narrative University the small subunit. The T? C sequence lies at the junction of the arms of the L, possibly for controlling changes in tertiary structure which might occur during protein synthesis. How To And Contrast Essay (Navitas). So, the structure provides several different sites, analogous to the active sites of a protein. Essay # 5. Activation and Formation of Aminoacyl tRNA Molecules in Protein Synthesis: The twenty amino acids commonly found in protein structure must undergo an initial activation step, which also involves a selection or preliminary screening of amino acids.
Peptide bond formation between amino group and carboxyl group of two amino acids is thermodynamically un-favourable. This barrier is overcome by write Ashford School the activation of carboxyl group of the precursor amino acids. Each amino acid of the twenty normally found in proteins has its own specific activation enzyme system called aminoacyl tRNA synthetase or ligase or activating enzyme. How To Write A Comparison And Contrast Essay (Navitas). The activated intermediate is of Gloucestershire (INTO), called aminoacyl tRNA which is an ester between the carboxyl group of the amino acid and the 2? or 3? hydroxyl group of the ribose unit at how to write essay, the 3? end of tRNA. The steps involve the following: The first step is the formation of an aminoacyl adenylate complex from an amino acid and ATP. This activated complex is a mixed anhydride in which the carboxyl group of the amino acid is linked to write a professional article Roedean the phosphoryl group of write and contrast essay The University Australia AMP.
In the essay writing Montverde, next step, the aminoacyl group is transferred to a tRNA molecule to form aminoacyl tRNA. The pyrophosphate cleavage of ATP is later on followed by the hydrolysis of the pyrophosphate to yield inorganic phosphate. Therefore, two high energy bonds of ATP are used to how to a comparison and contrast essay The University of South Australia (Navitas) form a covalent linkage between the amino acid and its corresponding tRNA. This linkage of an amino acid to a tRNA is important not only because of the activation of carboxyl group to form a peptide, but also because amino acids by themselves cannot recognize the codon on mRNA. Rather, tRNAs bring amino acids to the mRNA-ribosome complex and essay writing position them correctly for linking together in the correct sequence. Essay # 6. Initiation of Protein Synthesis: The process of initiation of protein synthesis, elongation and termination have been studied more intensively in prokaryotic systems such as E. coli than in other protein-synthesizing entities (Fig.
10.24). The initiation process requires the formation of initiation complex consisting of the 30S ribosomal subunit, mRNA and how to a comparison essay The University the three initiation factors found in bacteria, numbered as IF1, IF2 and IF3. Other requirements are the initiation codon AUG (or GUG) which signals the start of a cistron within a polycistronic mRNA, and GTP and Mg 2+ . How To Write Application Essay. The inadequacy of how to a comparison ribosome subunits in the initiation reaction was first discovered by the effects of washing 30S subunits with ammonium chloride. The treatment leaves them unable to sponsor initiation of new chains. How To Essay The University Of Westminster. The reason is that the active 30S subunits contain the how to a comparison essay The University of South (Navitas), initiation factors which are proteinaceous in how to application The University of Westminster nature and are bound loosely enough to be released by ammonium chloride wash.
Protein synthesis in bacteria starts with the amino acid formylmethionine (fMet). A special tRNA that brings formylmethionine to how to write a comparison and contrast Australia the ribosome to initiate protein synthesis, called initiator tRNA (tRNA f ) is different from the one that inserts methionine in internal positions (tRNA m ). Methionine is linked to how to a university application The University of Westminster these two kinds of tRNAs by the same aminoacyl tRNA synthetase. A specific enzyme (transformylase) then formylates the amino group of how to and contrast The University of South Australia (Navitas) methionine that is attached to tRNA f . The formyl group donor in essay this reaction is how to write and contrast The University of South, N 10 -formyl tetrahydrofolic acid. The first stage of the initiation complex formation involves the binding of the opinion essay University of Gloucestershire (INTO), 30S subunit at initiation sites in a comparison The University Australia mRNA with the how to a professional article Roedean, participation of IF3. The next stage involves the placement of the initiator fMet – tRNA in the partial P site of the 30S subunit—mRNA complex, with the help of how to write a comparison and contrast of South Australia (Navitas) IF2. Steps To Write A Narrative University. The role of IF 1 has not yet been known.
It may be involved in stabilizing the a comparison essay The University, complex, probably causing a conformational change of the summer writing Montverde Academy, 30S subunit. After the formation of the initiation complex consisting of the 30S subunit, mRNA, f Met-tRNA and IF 1, IF2 and IF3, the 50S ribosomal subunit becomes associated to form the full 70S initiation complex. With the entry of the 50S subunit, F1, F2 and F3 are released from the complex. Thus, the initiation factors are concerned solely with the how to write a comparison and contrast essay of South Australia, formation of the initiation complex, they are absent from 70S ribosomes and summer writing Montverde play no part in the stages of elongation. It has been known for how to write and contrast essay The University of South Australia (Navitas) a long time that IF2 has ribosome-dependent GTPase activity, which hydrolyses GTP in the presence of ribosomes, releasing the critical essay writing High School, energy stored in the high-energy bond. How To Write Essay Of South. The stage at which GTP is incorporated into the initiation complex is not yet exactly clear. Probably it joins after the binary complex (fMet-tRNA and IF2) is associated with the 30S subunit. With the association of 50S subunit, GTP is write opinion essay School, cleaved into GDP and P, in an action dependent on the presence of IF2. Now, the P site is occupied by the f-Met-tRNA and the A site is ready to accept the codon- directed incoming aminoacyl tRNA. In the eukaryotic system, the initiation process is how to write essay The University, more or less analogous to that in write opinion E.coli, but there are at write essay (Navitas), least eight initiation factors found in rabbit reticulocytes, named e IF 1, e IF2, e IF3, e IF4A, e IF4B, e IF4C, e IF4D and e IF5.
The prefix ‘e’ indicates their eukaryotic origin. The roles of e IF2 and e IF3 is analogous to University IF2 and IF3, respectively. Functions of other factors are not well understood. The initiation process proceeds through the formation of a ternary complex consisting of methionyl tRNA (Met-tRNA), e IF2 and GTP, which associates directly with free 40S subunits. The association is stimulated by the presence if e IF3 and e IF4C. The e IF3 facilitates the binding of mRNA with 40S ternary complex. The mRNA binding also requires e IF 1, e 1F4 and how to a comparison and contrast essay of South Australia (Navitas) e IF4B and ATP. The entry of 60S subunit requires the factor e IF5 and hydrolysis of GTP into write, GDP and P i and at this stage all the factors are released from the small subunit. With the formation of the full 70S initiation complex, the peptide chain elongation can proceed. The elongation process consists of three steps: (i) The hydrogen bonding of the how to a comparison and contrast The University Australia, appropriate aminoacyl tRNA to the free codon at how to write a university application essay, the A site.
(ii) Peptidyl transfer from the peptidyl tRNA (on the P site) to the newly bound aminoacyl tRNA (on the A site) (iii) Translocation of both the mRNA and the newly synthesized peptidyl tRNA from essay The University Australia, site A to P and thus the critical writing Guertin High, A site is made free for the incoming new aminoacyl tRNA. Essay # 7. Energetics of Protein Synthesis : It has been roughly estimated that the standard free energy of the hydrolysis of a peptide bond is about – 5.0 kcal. The process of how to and contrast Australia (Navitas) protein synthesis is an energy-consuming process and, in E. coli, it consumes as much as 90% of the cellular energy. The energy balance-sheet for protein synthesis may be as follows: Suppose, No. of amino acid residues in a polypeptide = 200. Then, No. of ATP molecules required to activate amino acids = 200?2 = 400 [2ATPs per molecule of amino acid as to convert the AMP to ADP, one more ATP is required per amino acid] No. of essay Montverde Academy GTP molecules required during binding of every aminoacyl tRNA to A site = 200.
No. of GTP molecules during translocation = 200. P bonds required = 400 + 200 + 200 = 800. P bonds required per how to and contrast essay The University Australia (Navitas) peptide bond = 2 (from ATP) + 2 (from GTP) = 4. Total amount of energy = 4?7.3 = 29.2 kcal (One. P – 7.3 kcal) The standard free energy of hydrolysis of one peptide bond = 5.0 kcal.
. . . Opinion Ashford School. Balance energy = 29.2 – 5 = 24.2 kcal. This remaining energy (24.2 kcal) is wasted during the formation of every peptide bond in protein synthesis. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Our mission is to provide an write The University of South (Navitas), online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. How To A Professional Roedean School. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Before sharing your knowledge on write a comparison The University Australia (Navitas) this site, please read the following pages: