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Profile Rises at School Where Going Against the Grain Is the Norm
Babson MBA – Why #1 in Entrepreneurship, but low overall ranking? Babson#8217;s MBA program may not be rubbing shoulders with Harvard/Stanford/Wharton in the general rankings. Articles School? But it is very much at the top when it comes to specialised rankings (Top honours for Entrepreneurship). Someone My Essay TASIS (The In Switzerland)? Strange, naa? Ever wondered why or how that can happen? Naveen Venkataraman logically, scientifically and statistically unravels the mystery. The BW MBA ranking 2010 indicates that Babson students gave faculty (across streams) an A in articles service School teaching quality. For perspective, of the top tier schools in this ranking (30 in article total), 12 received Bs and Cs from articles, their students, including 7 of the Top 10 MBA programs.
This indicates that it is how to write essay Nuova Accademia Arti Milano not the teaching quality or resources alone that dictate the School, ranking for a school and certainly a lack of quality is not the reason for Babson#8217;s ranking. In contrast to the above, Babson received a C in two areas: recruiter assessment of a candidate#8217;s analytical skills and MBA career services. There are some key reasons for this, in custom writing College du Leman my opinion. The Babson MBA is service The Village a one of the smallest programs in the US with an annual graduation number of roughly around 150 165 candidates (including One Year MBA). It is also not selective to the extent of Appleby College top 10 schools and articles School, average GMAT scores are almost 80-100 points below top schools.
Key reasons (from my personal experience at Babson) are that students are more street-smart as compared to book-smart and largely come from business family or self-owned business backgrounds where business skills are emphasized more than academic skills. Both these factors (size of program and type of student) contribute to companies in traditional MBA recruitment areas not making a large effort to write Nuova di Belle Milano, recruit at Babson or to recruit in articles The Village large numbers. A graduate is given help through career services (which is being actively ramped up as we speak), but is largely dependent on the (comparatively small) Babson network and a smaller pool of companies to land a position in writing reflective Princeton the industry. Given Babson has one of the largest international classrooms in the US (41% international in the Class of 2012), and service School, given the well-documented challenges for US work visas, a majority of international students (who choose to go into the industry) have struggled with placements due to this aspect as well. 2. Why Babson is #1 in entrepreneurship? In my discussion with students around campus, the writing a 5 essay, following key reasons emerged as contributing factors to the entrepreneurial culture at Babson. * Background of students that Babson MBA attracts. A majority of incoming MBA students come from family or self-owned business backgrounds from School, various countries.
I don#8217;t have hard numbers on the overall class, but in someone to write TASIS (The in Switzerland) my experience (I#8217;m an Indian), from 9 Indian students in my two year MBA class, 6 have family or self-run business backgrounds. The numbers are similar or trending upwards if you consider second year students and articles The Village School, one year MBA students. I also have entrepreneurs from New Zealand, Chile, Mexico and custom writing College du Leman, the US amongst other countries represented in my class. This demographic, combined with the business focused strong undergrad program creates an environment where small business thought is fostered actively. While major schools teach entrepreneurship as a concentration or a stream, Babson imbibes entrepreneurship into every aspect of the program.
The first year of the MBA is articles divided into a paragraph NABA, Accademia di Belle Arti Milano four Modules: Creative Management in Dynamic Organizations, Assessing Business Opportunities, Designing and Managing the Delivery System and Managing Business in a Changing Global Environment. Service? Each of these modules conditions you to writing essay and Burton, creatively identify opportunities in an entrepreneurial or intrapreneurial manner and develop those ideas using well-defined frameworks. School? Classes are taught using business cases that give you broad insights into the practices of small businesses and the second year electives (including Marketing for how do Hotel Institute Entrepreneurs, Managing Growing Businesses, M#038;A for service The Village Entrepreneurs) offer an in depth view into small business issues and how to a paragraph essay NABA, Nuova Accademia Arti, the viewpoint of small business owners. This goes beyond the current level of entrepreneurial teaching at peer schools, as things stand. * Environment at school. The Arthur M. Blank center is the School, nerve center for entrepreneurship at Babson. It has recently setup the Babson Venture Accelerator Program that places new business ideas into different levels (depending on the maturity of idea and paragraph essay Burr, execution plans) and articles service The Village, provides facilities including office space and mentoring. Different programs including Rocket Pitch competitions, Summer Venture Program, partnerships with Angel and to write my essay in Switzerland), Venture circles and limited funding also add to the facilities offered to kick start your business while in school.
As I mentioned, the peer group (grads and undergrads) comprises a high percentage of current or future entrepreneurs. Articles Service The Village? You are constantly exchanging and collaborating over business ideas. Often, there is writing essay Burr and Burton Academy a direct collaboration between the Grad school and Undergrad engineering program at the independent Olin Engineering school to develop prototypes and products. I hope this answers the question sufficiently. I will be happy to connect with anyone who has any queries. I#8217;d again like to stress that rankings are a single data point and one needs to really understand the ethos of a school to understand what it stands for. Service? This article originally featured on Quora.com. We’ve adapted it for this blog. As far as we know, no book-smart (to borrow Naveen’s term) egos were hurt in the editing process. Check out Naveen’s Babson MBA blog for some cool (ice-cold to be technically correct) pictures of the someone to write my essay TASIS in Switzerland), snow and service The Village, winter at Babson.
Also, our homeboy is part of the Grad School Marketing team. So if you’ve got Babson on article your list, now’s the articles The Village School, chance to someone to write American School in Switzerland), ask him all you wanted to articles School, know about the writing essays, school and the program. Liked the article? Show us some love. Share it. Sorry.. this time i have missed some action on the blog front because of some other commitments and travel. Articles Service The Village? First of all, thanks to Naveen for his insight into Babson. I like the answer to question 2 better and this point can be further taken to debate about the how do you write in apa format Hotel, enterpreneurship programs at different schools and service, some statistics to indicate how the alumni at these schools have fared in enterpreneurship. Coming back to the post, I like what you have mentioned about Babson#8217;s curriculum for Enterpreneurship and also facilities to help you start your business while at school sound good. I also like your honesty about the type of student Babson is attracting but calling other students/applications book smart is a bit too presumptious.
A financial analyst / management consultant needs to writing reflective essays Academy, be street smart as well to articles School, do well in today#8217;s world and its not fair to call them bookish/academic. Students pursuing finance/consulting/other non-enterpreneurial functions cannot be termed academic.You would not land a job being #8216;academic#8217;!! Thank you for your comments in someone to write TASIS (The American response to the article. I am happy to take any specific questions you may have in follow up regarding Babson. Articles Service The Village? To answer your point regarding street/book smarts: It is a widely acknowledged fact that adcoms use the GMAT score in your application (along with GPA) specifically to benchmark your academic competence (book smarts). A great GMAT is supposed to be a positive contributor to your app and you can overcome a low GMAT/GPA through demonstrated career experiences (street smarts). You Write An Essay In Apa Hotel? I am extrapolating this commonly followed model to service School, conclude that Babson#8217;s lower GMAT average points to the fact that Babson gives higher emphasis to career experiences over your academic scores. It is not that people with good GMATs don#8217;t apply to Babson (I myself had a 700+ score), but that the majority of students are selected based on the quality and diversity of their work experiences instead of writing reflective Academy using academic pointers to articles service, filter them out.
On a side note, you are right in saying that one will not land a job by being #8220;academic#8221;. To Write My Essay American? But you will be surprised how many MBA students focus on keeping up a high GPA and lose out on the networking that brings in the best quality jobs tailored to one#8217;s specific needs. Because no one cares about the The Village School, #8220;quality#8221; of the education at business school (whatever that means) or that fact that a school is writing Princeton Academy #1 in Entrepreneurship. It#8217;s not like you learn a different kind of accounting at Wharton than you do at articles service The Village School Babson. And you don#8217;t need a $100,000 MBA to write a business plan.
People go to essay writing service College du Leman, business school because they are pipelines to service The Village School, investment banks, management consultancies, hedge funds and Fortune 500 management programs. The whole #1 in Entrepreneurship is a rankings shell game that no one who matters cares about. Where are all the billion dollar companies founded by Babson entrepreneurs? Firstly, I hope you have heard of Toyota Motor Company and Home Depot. They are two of the many Babson-alumni founded/run businesses. In addition, there are many more businesses which you probably haven#8217;t heard of, but are top of paragraph Burr and Burton Academy mind with major clients and well-respected in articles The Village the startup community in the US.
Few contemporary ones: Gemvara, IdeaPaint, CocoMama Foods, BigBelly Solar, TrueFit. Custom Service College Du Leman? Babson alumni also run many businesses in India and if you get in touch with me, I am happy to articles School, connect you with the alumni coordinator/students I know so that you can speak with them to verify facts. To start with, here is the business run by the guy who interviewed me when I applied to Babson. The business is a low-cost women#8217;s health delivery center based out of Coimbatore, India: http://www.womenscenterindia.com. You Write Format Hotel Montreux? You are welcome to articles service The Village School, call him up and speak with him. I will make the connection. I have people in my class who have run or have been in family owned real estate, fire security services, education, heavy machinery, automotive, textiles businesses amongst others.
Get in touch with me and I will put you in touch with them. What I request from writing reflective essays, you: Don#8217;t let your opinions lead to harsh judgements of my school and create an antagonistic tone for readers. Lets be civil about articles The Village School this and debate using verifiable data and facts; not opinions. Format Hotel Institute Montreux? Second, I know what we teach here at Babson and I have verified the articles service The Village, structural differences between our pedagogy and certain other school pedagogies before writing what I wrote. There are certain things we learn at Babson, ways in which we learn at Babson and people who teach us at how do you write an essay Institute Babson which makes the articles, learning experience, and the takeaways, completely different to the experience you would get at other schools. Third, the a paragraph NABA, Accademia di Belle Arti Milano, rankings metrics are independently evaluated and are standard for all schools. Stanford, MIT and other schools provide the same datasets we do BEFORE the rankings are decided. We do not receive any additional privileges as compared to other schools whether we are being ranked #1 or #50. Given this verifiable information, I would be careful throwing out loose comments. @Naveen Venkataraman Did Babson just open the Thornton Melon Business Library? #8220;#8230;more street-smart as compared to The Village School, book-smart #8230;from business family or self-owned business backgrounds where business skills are emphasized more than academic skills.#8221; sounds a little too close to a rebranding of #8220;mediocre students sent off to learn the how do format Hotel, family business.#8221; Which is really just a polite way of saying #8220;dumb rich kids#8221;;).
I am hardly impressed by people who have worked their way to the top of their Daddy#8217;s business. Then again, Babson is service School hardly alone in to write TASIS (The School in Switzerland) that regard. Articles The Village? But in all seriousness, would you rather go to a school with #8220;street smart#8221; kids destined to take over the family business or the best and brightest students destined for Wall Street or Fortune 500 careers? The question is 1)why is Babson #1 for entrepreneurship but 2) otherwise mediocre in terms of rankings. The answer to the first part is simple and should know it from marketing class. Babson picked one particular niche and branded the a 5 essay and Burton Academy, heck out of articles The Village School it. And the reason they did that is related to the answer to the second part of the question. Babson, quite frankly, simply is not Harvard, Wharton, Stamford, Kellogg and so on. Essays Princeton? It simply does not have the history, global name recognition and alumni networks of those higher ranked schools. That immediately prevents Babson from ever cracking the top ten.
So now that we#8217;ve heard both perspectives, can I suggest that we allow Naveen to service School, make one final comment (if he wishes to) and we then stop the comments for article College this topic? Of course, others who have questions about Babson are more than welcome to post them here. I personally think that despite this ranking, Babson cannot truly be crowned number 1 in entrepreneurship. As an entrepreneur myself, I know that there is service School a huge value in your network. Going to a school like Stanford or Duke, both in how to write a paragraph Nuova Accademia Arti entrepreneurial hot beds and bosting strong international names, is service School a much more attractive idea than going to a relative unknown.
I have done my engineering (BE) from Mumbai with GPA-3.3 , GMAT-690. I am working in my family business in Mumbai,India since last 2 years. The primary business being exports and supply-chain of Home decor items. I want to pursue an MBA and my long term goal is to expand my family business. Being from a family business background and having 2 years of work experience, should Babson be a good option? Also, since I want to get back to how do an essay Institute, my business faster, would 1 year full time MBA at Babson be a good choice? Can you help me with the real difference between 1 year and 2 year program. Virang: Babson would be a great choice for someone like you. Can any one provide feedback on The Village School the Babson undergrad program for some one who does not come from a business background.
Also are their Alumni located in NCR (Delhi) I am just a young student interested in essays Entrepreneurship, and Babson has drawn my curiosity. It was previously mentioned that Babson, has a way of teaching that differentiates it form other top schools. My apologies in advance if I am being repetitive, but could you perhaps give SPECIFIC INSTANCES of such things that make Babson#8217;s learning so unique? Can you connect us to some alumni from articles The Village School, India please. Might be the old thread but still would like to comment on this.. Got selected for the Babson interview (next weekend- 23 Jan 2016) Get the best-selling MBA Book that the Top B-School Admission Officers are praising.
Join thousands who've shattered the hype. How To A Paragraph Essay Accademia Di Belle Arti? Read more. What happens when the articles service The Village School, Management Consulting world meets the Underworld? Read more. For Top B-schools. What are your chances of getting into the best MBA programs? Also, find out how you can improve the odds. Read more. Take charge of your professional life. Find out what's holding you back and what you can do about it. Read more.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Whether you've never thought about ACT Writing strategies or have worked hard on service the ACT essay, you can benefit from knowing more: about the essay itself, and what really matters when the writing service College du Leman graders are reading your essay. In this article, we offer a number of ACT Writing tips as well as a foolproof template for putting them into practice. The ACT essay is a very short assignment - you only articles The Village, get 40 minutes to write a full-fledged essay - and it can pass in writing essays Academy, a flash if you don't have a method for attacking it. Articles Service The Village! It requires a very specific approach that's unlike the essays you've been writing for English class. The goal of this strategy is to cram in custom du Leman, as many as possible of the desired components in the 40 minutes you've got. We'll give you the 4 main elements the ACT asks for, the service The Village top 3 things they don't tell you, and a 5 Burr Academy a bulletproof template for your ACT Writing essay format.
Here we go! What ACT, Inc. Does Tell You: 4 Elements to Remember. ACT, Inc. explains the main components of the successful ACT Essay in its scoring criteria. Here they are, condensed and explained: 1) Ideas Analysis : A 12-scoring essay includes an School, argument that critically engages with multiple perspectives on write a paragraph essay Accademia Milano the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects nuance and precision in thought and purpose. The argument establishes and employs an articles School, insightful context for analysis of the writing essays issue and its perspectives.
The analysis examines implications, complexities and articles The Village tensions, and/or underlying values and assumptions. American In Switzerland)! It's fine to copy the exact words from the prompt into your thesis statement—in fact, this guarantees that the graders will see that your thesis is there and on topic. Articles Service The Village School! You must, however, make it obvious which side you are arguing for . If you can, it's great to a 5 Burr, put the argument in terms of service The Village School a larger debate—we'll discuss that later. 2) Development Support : In a 12-scoring essay, [d]evelopment of ideas and support for claims deepen insight and essay writing service du Leman broaden context. An integrated line of articles service skillful reasoning and illustration effectively conveys the significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications enrich and bolster ideas and analysis. 3) Organization : A 12-scoring essay exhibits a skillful organizational strategy. The response is unified by a controlling idea or purpose, and a logical progression of how to NABA, ideas increases the effectiveness of the writer’s argument. School! Transitions between and within paragraphs strengthen the relationships among ideas. 4) Languag e Use: A 12-scoring essay uses language in College, a way that enhances the argument.
Word choice is skillful and precise. Sentence structures are consistently varied and clear. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are strategic and effective. Articles School! While a few minor errors in article, grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, they do not impede understanding. This can be the hardest area for articles service School students to improve in (particularly if English is not their native language). Word choice is skillful and precise does include using fancy vocabulary, but it also means not repeating yourself. Using consistently varied and clear sentence structures means not only not starting every sentence the same way (e.g. Machines are helpful to humans. Article Review Appleby! Machines can also cause problems. Machines are the answer to our future), but also making sure your sentences are clear and further your logic (rather than making it more difficult to understand). It's better to be clear than to be fancy.
This is something you can fix when you revise your essay in the last 2-4 minutes of the essay section. What ACT, Inc. Doesn't Tell You: 3 Secrets. Even though the ACT essay has some clear published guidelines, there are a few secrets that most students don't know and that can give you a major advantage on the test. These are facts that ACT, Inc. doesn't want to service, be too well-known because it helps us develop ACT Writing strategies that may give us an edge over people who haven't prepared. How To NABA, Nuova Accademia Milano! 1) You Don't Need to Know the Facts. You can make up whatever information you need to articles School, support your point. Really. As with the tip above, if you know the real facts, that's great (since the grader will probably know them too), but it's not required. This might sound crazy.
You could write about how Germany won World War II, and in apa format Hotel Montreux the ACT graders are not allowed to penalize you. School! Why is someone my essay TASIS (The School in Switzerland), this? ACT, Inc. doesn't have the resources to do fact-checking on every single essay. With over a million students taking the test every year, graders only have a few minutes to put a score of 1-6 to each of the 4 essay scoring domains. They can't check whether Martin Luther King was born in 1929 or 1925. Thus, ACT essay scoring uses a simpler rule--all statements are taken as truth.
The important point is that the articles evidence needs to support your thesis. (Of course, ACT, Inc. Reflective Academy! doesn't want people to know about this - that would make the ACT essay sound silly.) If you're short on examples to prove a point, make up something realistic-sounding (you can even pretend a newspaper or politician said something they didn't), and slap it in there. It's much better than trying to The Village, write a vague paragraph without concrete evidence. 2) You Should Write More Than a Page. This is one of the most important ACT Writing tips. There is a strong relationship between essay length and score - the essay College longer your essay, the better your score. In a short essay, it's difficult for you to develop your points well enough to earn a decent score. Service The Village School! Really, you should write a page and a half if at all possible.
Although ACT, Inc. never explicitly mentions that length matters in ACT essay scoring, it does. And if you can write more than a page and a half without repeating yourself or digressing from your point, you'll be in really good shape. 3) Your First Paragraph and Conclusion Matter More Than the Middle. How To Essay Milano! The introduction and conclusion are the bookends of the essay: they hold it together and are guaranteed to be read more closely than the rest of the articles The Village School essay. ACT graders have to read a lot of essays very quickly, and they give most of Hotel them a 3 or a 4 in each domain. The Village School! The fastest way for them to score an essay is to find the thesis (to make sure that it's there, that it answers the prompt, and how do you write an essay format Hotel that the rest of the essay supports it) and then skim the first and last paragraphs. Here's why: if a student's introduction and conclusion paragraphs are well-written and logical, it's likely the rest of the essay will be too. By reading these parts, the service School grader can usually tell with confidence what the score will be. They'll scan the middle to make sure it makes sense, but they probably won't read every word as closely. On the article Appleby College other hand, if you don't have time to write an introduction or conclusion, you will be heavily penalized.
It'll be hard to score above an 8 without an articles The Village School, introduction and conclusion, particularly if you don't make your thesis, or point of view, clear in the first paragraph. Someone To Write My Essay TASIS School! This might be the most important ACT essay tip we can give you. A strong ACT writing strategy includes preparing enough time to articles service, write and revise your introduction and conclusion paragraphs, as we explain below. Key Strategy: How to Write A Successful ACT Essay in 40 Minutes. Because you only essays Academy, have 40 minutes to write the ACT essay, you need to have a game plan before you start the test. Here's a step by step guide on how to write an effective ACT essay.
Overcoming the Biggest Obstacle: Planning Your Argument Methodically. One of the things that students often find hardest about the The Village School essay is quickly thinking of support for the thesis. But it can be done in a simple, methodical way, which we explain below. Let's start with a sample prompt. Many of the a paragraph di Belle Arti goods and articles The Village services we depend on daily are now supplied by someone my essay School in Switzerland) intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings.
Robots build cars and other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and meaning of their presence in our lives. Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the increasing presence of intelligent machines. Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of people by articles service The Village School machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans.
This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. Essay Writing Du Leman! This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. Write a unified, coherent essay about the increasing presence of intelligent machines. In your essay, be sure to: clearly state your own perspective on the issue and analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective develop and The Village School support your ideas with reasoning and examples organize your ideas clearly and logically communicate your ideas effectively in standard written English. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the writing a 5 paragraph essay Burr others, in School, partial agreement, or wholly different. In the prompt above, they give you three viewpoints so that you know what to mention in your discussion of various perspectives. But you'll need to elaborate on these as well.
Let's look at writing College du Leman, the viewpoints this prompt gives us. Conservative: Intelligent machines lead to service, problems, which is bad. Utilitarian: Intelligent machines allow us to be more efficient, which is good. Progressive: Intelligent machines lead to progress, which is good. Supporting each viewpoint is you write an essay format, a slew of possible reasons, and these are what you want to articles service, lay out clearly in your essay. You can, of a paragraph Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti Milano course, choose any side of the argument, but one is usually easier to argue than the other (because it is opposite the other two perspectives). For this prompt, it's easier to argue against articles The Village, intelligent machines than to argue for their efficiency or progress, so we'll look at in apa Hotel Institute, potential support for the conservative argument, which is articles The Village, that Intelligent machines lead to problems. Academy! To argue against any change, we can point out its assumptions and how they are false, or its consequences and articles service The Village how they are bad: This method works for any argument. Essay Service Du Leman! If you find yourself supporting the proposal in The Village School, the prompt, say (to use a real ACT example) that a right to avoid health risks is a more important freedom than the to write American in Switzerland) right to do whatever you want, then you just need to think of ways it would be positive. That can be much simpler.
But you can still use the assumptions-and-consequences method above for the paragraph in which you address at least one other perspective. This is service, a tried and an essay format Hotel true structure for earning a great score on the ACT essay. Just by following this template and keeping in mind the ACT writing tips above, you're pretty much guaranteed a 6 or higher out of 12 (equivalent of an 18 or higher out of 36 on the September 2015-June 2016 Writing test) . Do a decent job and you'll easily get an 8 or higher. Here are a few real ACT prompts to keep in mind as we go through the steps: Intelligent machines : they're not good, they're good and practical, or they're good and lead to progress. Public health and individual freedom : freedom is more important than physical health, society should strive for the greatest good for the most people, or the right to avoid health risks is more important than individual freedom.
Decide on your thesis, choosing one of the three sides. You can try to form your own, fourth perspective, but since you have to compare your perspective with at least one of the perspectives given you might as well argue for one of them and save some time for writing. Quickly brainstorm two or three reasons or examples that support your thesis. Brainstorm counterarguments for or analyses of at articles service The Village, least one other perspective and to write American School in Switzerland) your responses. Articles The Village! Organize your essay. How To A Paragraph Arti! Make sure you order your points in a way that makes sense. Check your time . Service! Try to how to a paragraph essay NABA, Nuova Accademia Arti Milano, have 30 minutes left at this point so you have enough time to write. Articles Service! If you don't, just keep in mind that you might have to cut out one of your supporting points. 1. Paragraph 1: Introduction Thesis. Princeton Academy! A) Write your introduction. If you can think of an interesting first sentence that brings your thesis into a larger discussion (say, of how intelligent machines have changed the way people interact with each other), start with that.
B) Narrow down from the service School larger context to your specific response to the question (your thesis), which should be at or near the end of the Academy first paragraph. C) It can be helpful to the reader to articles service, have your reasons and examples previewed in the introduction if it fits in well. 2. Paragraph 2: Transitions Opposing Perspective. A) When you start paragraph 2, try to writing essay Burr Academy, think of a first sentence that refers back to the first paragraph. B) In contrast to my perspective, Perspective [X] claims that… is a simple example of an effective way to articles, transition into the second paragraph. C) Then address one of the writing a 5 perspectives opposing yours and why its supporters are wrong or misguided. Service! In the example about intelligent machines above (where we've chosen to argue Perspective 1), you could argue against perspective 2 OR 3 in this paragraph.
3. Body Paragraphs (those remaining before the conclusion): A) Introduce your first reason or example in support of the perspective you'll be discussing. B) In 3-5 sentences, explain your reasoning as to how this perspective relates to your own (using explanations of your thinking or specific examples to support the point). C) Connect your example to the thesis and then state that it supports your thesis. Writing Reflective Princeton Academy! D) Check your time . Try to have 7 minutes left by this point. AA) (Optional) Relate your two or three examples back to articles service School, your thesis. Add one or two sentences if you want.
A) End with a restatement of your thesis or a return to your first lines to wrap up the essay. Article Appleby! Hopefully, you still have 2-4 minutes to articles service School, read over your essay. An Essay Hotel Institute Montreux! In this time, you can do several things. A) You can, of course, correct mistakes. B) You can replace dull words with fancier words. Articles Service The Village! C) You can make sure that your introduction and conclusion match by stating the same thesis (in different words, of course). Writing Essay! Notice the two bolded time-checking steps. It's very easy to get caught in the planning stage and run out of time on your actual essay, which is easy to avoid if you practice checking your time. Service School! If you have to make a choice between explaining a perspective or writing a conclusion paragraph, always choose the explanation. You can get by with a short sentence for a conclusion, and you can make a strong essay with a clear thesis in your introduction, but if you leave out the you write in apa format Hotel Institute analysis of the relationship between your perspective and articles service The Village School one of the ACT's perspectives in your essay, you'll lose a lot of points. Now you practice.
Print out the template above, consult our ACT Essay Prompts Article (or think of someone to write any controversial issue in the world today), and articles service get to work. You may find that many issues can be argued using the how to essay NABA, Accademia di Belle Milano same reasoning or examples. For instance, the argument that the benefits of the changes happening in the world don't necessarily outweigh the problems they create can apply to many of the new ACT prompts. The Village! You can research concrete information to support this kind of useful argument, like a newspaper article about how the Industrial Revolution led to increased environmental destruction. More like Industrial Re-POLL-ution, am I right?
Remember: the more you practice, the easier it gets, as you learn how to reuse information to how to Accademia Milano, suit different purposes and your brain becomes used to thinking in this way. Hungry for more practice ACT Writing prompts? Look no further than our article containing links to all the freely available official ACT Writing prompts that have been released so far, as well as bonus prompts I constructed. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by articles School 4 points or more.
Our program is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses. We also have expert instructors who can grade every one of your practice ACT essays, giving feedback on writing a 5 paragraph how to service The Village, improve your score. Check out custom essay writing du Leman, our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in The Village, Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. Custom Writing Service! She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and The Village School loves advising students on how to excel in high school. A Paragraph Accademia Di Belle! You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply!
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erotic essay Sex and Sexuality in Islam. by Muslim Women's League. Even though it comprises only articles The Village School part of write a paragraph Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti Milano our identities, the sexuality of women represents so much more; such that women's sexuality has been viewed as something to be controlled, hidden, or mastered, most often by men. Articles Service School? Through the ages, sexuality has an impact on one's identity, self-esteem, relationships with others, societal mores, legal codes and so on. If sexual behavior simply existed to allow for procreation, so much controversy and (The American School, fascination would have no reason to exist. Unfortunately, in many societies and for many years women have been principally defined by their roles as sexual beings whose chief purpose is to satisfy men's sexual needs; this perception contributed to maintaining women in positions of inferiority and often subservience to men.
Even today, women are singled out as sex objects, either as victims of rape or willing participants in industries such as advertising or pornography, that exploit women's sexuality. The purpose of service School this chapter is to explore important issues of sexuality from an Islamic point of view in an effort to to write (The School in Switzerland) expose demeaning cultural habits which have no basis in Islam, and to offer alternative understandings of these issues based on the primary sources of articles The Village Qur'an and Hadith. The view of sexuality as taboo and shameful is by no means unique to any particular religious or ethnic group. The Victorian era in England and write essay Nuova Accademia Milano, the US(late 19th century) was characterized by such a strong inhibition of service The Village sexuality that was subsequently blamed for psychological problems seen in women by psychiatrists such as Sigmund Freud. Breaking free from the a 5 Academy oppressiveness of that era was an important goal for articles The Village School, women through most of the 20th century since the prevailing attitudes were not confined to sexual issues as women were denied many other essential human rights. Laila Ahmed addresses some of the misogynistic conditions and beliefs that preceded Islam in the Mediterranean area, heavily influenced by Jewish and Christian thinking at that time(6th and 7th centuries). She points out the church's attitude on abortion and contraception . formed part of a broader negative ethos concerning the body and sexuality -- a sense of these as sinful and shameful and of sexuality as legitimate only for procreation. women were evidently perceived as innately more implicated in physicality and sexuality than men. (Women and Gender in Islam, p.35) Unfortunately, a similar view of women has been adopted by some Muslims and may actually be rooted in the cultural values which existed when Islam was introduced.
Human sexual development goes through several well-defined stages. Throughout growth, opportunities exist to Appleby teach children about their bodies, to inculcate values and articles The Village, attitudes, and most importantly to foster self-esteem. The success or failure (as determined by a woman's overall understanding and value of herself as well as her ability to maintain a satisfying relationship) can be determined by prevailing attitudes of the family and surrounding culture. Sexual development occurs throughout the life-cycle, beginning in infancy and custom writing, childhood. The healthy progression from one stage of development to the next is articles dependent upon fulfillment of essay writing service du Leman basic requirements at service School, each stage. For example, an infant must develop trust that the caregiver will consistently respond to someone to write American School in Switzerland) her cries before she can safely venture into the world and test the budding independence of toddlerhood. The ultimate achievement is the development of an intact, secure adult with a high sense of self-esteem and self-worth.
If a girl is constantly being told that she is naughty, shameful, stupid or ugly, she will come to believe it and obviously have low self-esteem which will interfere with relationships, school, work and so on. This illustration in general terms introduces the argument that cultural habits which teach girls excessive shame breed guilt and reinforce a negative self-image contributing to service School low self-esteem and Burr and Burton, even dysfunctional sexual lives. This stage of The Village development has been referred to as the latent stage in Freudian terms. It was felt that between early childhood and puberty children had no interest in their or others sexuality; they are essentially dormant in this regard until hormonal changes signal the onset of puberty. However, this argument has been challenged by other experts in the field. Regardless of psychological theories, certain facts must be considered about children at this age. They are developing mentally and as such are often extremely curious about themselves, others, animals and so on. This is a good time to reinforce concepts of cleanliness, privacy and self-respect and to begin to teach them about sexuality and reproduction in an age appropriate manner. Some girls will start menstruating as early as age nine and should be prepared ahead of time by frank and open discussions with their parents. For many girls, the most significant thing to reflective essays Princeton Academy happen during this time is the onset of menstruation. If a girl has not been prepared for this event, the articles The Village sight of the first few drops of blood can be terribly frightening.
The signs that a girl is entering this stage of development include breast development, growth of essay and Burton Academy hair under the arms and in the pubic area, increase in articles School, height and finally onset of menses. At this time, cultural and familial attitudes about menstruation are critical in impacting a girl's acceptance or rejection of this milestone in her life. How To Write A Paragraph Essay Nuova Accademia Arti? Because of the rapid rate of change and articles service School, accompanying sense of awkwardness, adolescents are often insecure and preoccupied with appearances, with a strong desire to be accepted by how to write essay Nuova di Belle their peers. This stage is characterized by a heightened interest in and awareness of members of the opposite sex. In the United States and in The Village School, many other countries, young people begin to develop relationships during the teenage years. Over half of the a 5 and Burton Academy students graduating from high school have been sexually active.
Many communities are working hard to service The Village teach abstinence before marriage but they are working against difficult odds especially when dating is viewed as normal, age-appropriate behavior. Yet, a primary task at this stage is to essay writing achieve a healthy, intimate relationship, which, for Muslims, can only exist in the context of marriage. Once women become sexually active, they then must deal with issues related to pregnancy, such as attitudes toward child-bearing, timing and spacing of children, and School, contraception. Ideally, decisions are made within a mutually supportive monogamous relationship. Also, during this time, sexual satisfaction as well as sexual dysfunction or incompatibility become important issues as part of an overall relationship and can contribute to its well being or be a source of tension and stress. Historically, older women and review Appleby, men were considered asexual as aging and sexuality seemed incompatible.
Especially today, as women and men live well into their eighties, sexuality is still an service important part of many people's lives. While some may experience a decreased sex drive, others do not notice any change at all. Early in life, children become aware of their sexuality even to the point that infants can experience sexual pleasure (see Your Baby and Child, P. Leach, p. 212). Infants develop awareness of the function and form of all body parts as they grow. To a child, the penis or vagina is just another part of the body, like arms and legs. The focus on the genitals is writing paragraph essay Burr and Burton Academy particularly evident during the toilet training years. School? If a child is taught that her genitals are dirty and shameful , but she wants to explore them just the same, naturally she will feel ashamed and naughty if she does so. Therefore, early on she sees part of herself as negative. Most child development experts encourage parents to remain neutral about a child's interest in her genitals to avoid preoccupation with that body part and to enhance the development of a positive sexual identity. As the child grows, it becomes important to teach her about privacy and appropriate behavior when around others.
Oftentimes, parents fear that by not discouraging their children from touching themselves, they are encouraging them to explore sexuality at an early age. But teaching children to respect and understand their bodies will more positively impact their self image compared to essay and Burton emphasizing the sense of shame ('ayb) that many children are taught. Such a sense of shame can be taken to extremes; for example, a mother refuses to The Village School apply necessary medication to her three year old daughter's vagina because to touch her there is 'ayb. Other girls are afraid to cleanse their genitals properly because to writing essay Burr and Burton touch themselves is 'ayb. The concept of shame or disgust regarding one's body has no basis in Islam. During adolescence, sexuality becomes of interest to young people as their bodies experience hormonal upheavals which result in physical and articles service The Village School, emotional changes.
Again, a girl's experience through childhood will influence her passage through this difficult time. If she is taught that the onset of menstruation is a curse, then her experience and coping mechanisms will be affected negatively. A positive attitude will enable a young woman to view it as a milestone, not a hindrance. Unfortunately, much folklore and negative cultural beliefs abound regarding a woman's menses. Indeed, for some women menstruation is a physically difficult, unwelcome disruption every month. But it is a simple biological process that can be managed like any other physical condition, and my essay School in Switzerland), needn't impair a woman's ability to function. Several hadith exist regarding menstruation. Articles Service? The only to write my essay American School in Switzerland) Qur'anic reference is School found in Surah 2, verse 222 where Muslims are told to avoid sexual intercourse during a woman's menses: And they will ask thee about (woman's) monthly courses. Say, 'It is a vulnerable condition. Keep, therefore, aloof from women during their monthly courses, and do not draw near unto them until they are cleansed; and when they are cleansed, go in unto them as God has bidden you to writing do.' In a hadith found in Muslim (No.
592, also reported in service The Village School, Sunan Abu Dawud, No, 258), a discussion occurs whereby the Prophet emphasizes that the Islamic view of menstruation differs significantly from the Jewish attitude during his time, which strongly restricted women from a 5 and Burton Academy several arenas while they were menstruating. In this hadith he says, Associate with them in the houses and do everything except sexual intercourse. Aisha and articles The Village School, the other wives of the Prophet were instrumental in pointing out his attitude of tolerance; for example, Maimuna recalled an occasion when she was sitting near him while he was praying. She happened to be menstruating and during his prayers he knelt on how to a paragraph essay Nuova di Belle Arti Milano her garment but did not displace it, meaning that being in the presence of articles service The Village School a menstruating woman had no impact on his prayers ( Mishkat ul Masabih, No. 550; for other hadith along similar lines see Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 212-213, 267-273; Muslim, Nos. 269, 577-588 and Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 293-300) Also, the Prophet commanded menstruating women and someone (The School in Switzerland), those observing purdah to participate in Eid festivities.
They sat behind those who prayed but joined in The Village School, takbir ( Muslim, Nos. 1932-34; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. 321). Exemptions from Rituals. Today, as in the time of the Prophet, women do not pray or fast while on their menses. Service College Du Leman? The Qur'an does not address this practice at all; several hadith exist which expressly forbid women to The Village School pray while on custom writing service College their period. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos.
271-287, Bukhari, Vol.1., No.327). Several traditions show that menstruating women were not supposed to perform tawaf (circumambulation) around the articles The Village Kaaba during Hajj while they were menstruating (Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 302,321,325; al-Muwatta, 20.16) The menses were viewed as a temporary illness such that days not fasted had to be made up as any ill person would do after Ramadan. The Qur'an states that those who are ill or on a journey can desist from fasting and make the days up later (2:184). There are no hadith which expressly forbid women from fasting while menstruating, but based on the text from the following, one concludes that menstruating women did not fast: Aisha is reported to have said that during menstruation in the time of the custom writing Prophet, the articles The Village School women were commanded to complete the essay Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti Milano fast (abandoned during menses) but were not commanded to complete the articles The Village School (abandoned) prayer (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 262-3, Muslim, Nos.
660-662). Women who have prolonged menses because of an underlying medical problem can resume prayers , fasting, and intercourse after a certain number of days (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 274-306, Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 303,306,322,324). In view of the verse mentioned above which admonishes against to write American sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman in service, order to avoid causing her harm, the exemptions from the above-mentioned rituals could be viewed as an extension of God's consideration of women. Perhaps abstention from prayer and (The School in Switzerland), fasting during one's menses is a divine acknowledgement of women's increased difficulty during that period.
God gave them permission not to service pray or fast as a sign of mercy, just as He allows travelers to shorten their prayers to article College ease their burden. Many Muslims believe that menstruating women are not allowed to articles The Village enter the mosque or touch the Qur'an. This relates to the view of the menstruating woman as unclean. Since she cannot be purified with ablution until after her menses stop, she is not in someone my essay TASIS (The American in Switzerland), the proper state to enter a mosque or recite Qur'an. Conflicting hadith exist regarding these habits.
When looking at the whole body of hadith regarding the service subject of menstruation, it appears that many of the writing a 5 paragraph essay and Burton injunctions were made because of the physical problems associated with active bleeding. Women at that time did not have access to articles modern amenities which protect a woman and her garments from the blood flow. One hadith points out that one of the Prophet's wives (Um Salamah, who was having irregular bleeding) needed a dish underneath her to catch the menstrual blood while she was observing I'tikaf in the mosque during Ramadan (Bukhari No. 306, Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 2470, Muslim, No. 2470).
Therefore, practically speaking , women might have been restricted in their activities if they did not have the means to deal with a heavy period, for example. Today, women have so many options so that there are rarely fears of such difficulties. In addition, the Prophet once asked Aisha to fetch his mat which was in writing paragraph Burr and Burton Academy, the mosque. She said, But I am menstruating to which he replied Your menstruation is service The Village not in your hand. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 261) However, another hadith exists which states that menstruating women should not enter the mosque: The Prophet is reported to have said, I do not make the mosque lawful for a menstruating woman and for a person who is writing a 5 paragraph essay Academy junub. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 232) The act of not touching the articles service Qur'an while menstruating is based on the hadith that the Prophet wrote a letter in which he said that no one should touch the Qur'an but one who is pure. Write Essay Accademia Di Belle? (Mishkat-ul-Masabih, No. 465;). Also, in Surah 56, verses 77-79 we find: That this indeed is a Qur'an most honorable, in a Book well-guarded, which none shall touch but those who are clean (tahir).
In Mishkat-ul Masabih a hadith from articles service The Village Tirmidhi states that the writing Burr and Burton Academy Prophet said that the menstruating woman and one who is junub should not recite anything from the Qur'an (No. 461). In general, since, in either of articles The Village School these states, women or men are not yet physically purified (tahir) they cannot touch or formally recite the Qur'an until that state comes to someone my essay TASIS American in Switzerland) an end. By performing ghusl (complete ablution) after the menses are over, one achieves the service School prerequisite physical state which allows for essays Princeton Academy, the resumption of prayers, fasting, reciting Qur'an and sexual relations. Service? This does not imply impurity of how do you write an essay format Hotel Institute spirit nor does it necessarily have to articles service School mean that a menstruating woman is Princeton Academy unclean or dirty. The Prophet was known to articles The Village School perform ghusl after intercourse before reciting Qur'an, and he also would recite Qur'an while resting his head in Aisha's lap and she happened to be menstruating. (Mishkat, No.
460, Muslim, Nos. Custom Writing Service College? 260, 591) It is possible to understand why Muslims might view menses as a negative aspect of the female identity. A well known and School, oft-quoted hadith which leads to the conclusion that menstruating women neither prayed nor fasted is found in Bukhari with several versions: The Prophet is reported to have said, Isn't it true that a woman does not pray and does not fast on menstruating? And that is the defect in her religion (Vol. 3, No. 172, see also Vol. 1, No.
301). The conclusion usually derived from this hadith is that women can never achieve the same level of faith or spirituality as men because they cannot fulfill their religious duties all the time. The weakness in this argument and therefore in the hadith is that it contradicts the undisputed image expressed in essays Princeton Academy, the Qur'an of women and service, men as equal in TASIS School in Switzerland), terms of their duties and expectations as Muslims, servants of articles School God. To say that one's faith is determined only by reflective essays Princeton Academy the extent to which she can carry out the rituals negates all of the other aspects of articles service The Village faithfulness and observance that cannot be quantified. God rewards or punishes according to deeds and writing a 5 paragraph Burr and Burton, intentions; how, then, can something that is biologically determined, not chosen or willed by articles service the individual, serve as a measure of faith? Would God punish women for something that He created? Because this hadith is found in Bukhari, it is rarely questioned or reinterpreted and unfortunately reinforces a negative view of women in Islam.
The large volume of hadith regarding menstruation reflects the need for practical guidance on the part of the Muslim community at someone my essay TASIS (The American, the time of the articles service The Village School Prophet. After reviewing all of the how to write a paragraph essay Accademia di Belle Arti texts, one can't help but feel the service School burden of menstruation for the Muslim woman. Regardless of the deficiency hadith and in view of modern advances, Muslim women today can view menstruation as a simple fact of life that has no negative bearing on her value as a human being. Someone My Essay (The? Modern medicine has enabled us to manipulate the menstrual cycle in a myriad of ways so that women can continue to carry out their activities without being disabled once a month. Indeed, many women take advantage of medical technology to avoid menstruating during Hajj which, for many, is truly a once in a lifetime event not to service be missed because of bad timing. Virginity and the Hymen: The Double Standard. Throughout childhood and adolescence, girls are sometimes prohibited by their parents from engaging in any activities that might interfere with the integrity of the hymen which is a small circular membrane at the opening of the vagina which allows the passage of menstrual flow. Writing Service? The opening is very narrow and is torn when penetration occurs (as in sexual intercourse). This is occasionally accompanied by bleeding.
Such blood loss has been required in articles service School, some cultures to prove that the woman is a virgin at marriage so a blood stained cloth would be given to the groom's family on the wedding night to Appleby verify the bride's pure state. If a woman did not bleed, the repercussions could be severe. So it became vitally important that the hymen remain intact as a sign of virginity with the articles service The Village School family's honor at stake. While many of the cultural traditions involving proof of a woman's virginity are less prevalent than in the past, one can still find a persistent concern about the how do an essay Hotel Montreux hymen as a marker for virginity today throughout many parts of the Muslim world. (It should be noted that the concern about the hymen is service The Village not limited only to Muslims.) As a result, any activity that might cause tearing of the custom service du Leman hymen would be forbidden, such as bicycle riding, horseback riding, gymnastics, etc. Articles School? Unfortunately, the essay NABA, Accademia di Belle Arti prohibitions against these activities are rarely accompanied by an explanation (most likely due to shyness on the part of the parents); thus, the young girl learns that because she is a girl she cannot participate in activities enjoyed by other children. Again, such an attitude promotes a negative self-image. Articles Service School? These attitudes are culturally entrenched and not based on Islam. While virginity of both men and women is emphasized in Islam, there is no text in Qur'an or Hadith which specifically addresses the intactness of any part of how to essay NABA, Accademia di Belle Arti Milano a woman's anatomy as a marker for virginity. As will be discussed in articles service, detail later, the Islamic position on sexual behavior is custom writing service explicit. Both men and women are required to be chaste and to seek fulfilling relationships in marriage. Consequently, pre- and extra-marital relations are prohibited (Qur'an, 17:32, 24:26, 25:68; Bukhari, Vol.
8, Nos. 798-802). Of course, then, there is no debate that Muslims, male and female, must be virgins before they enter into their first marriage. Articles The Village School? Each individual is article Appleby College responsible and accountable to God for maintaining a state of articles The Village purity prior to matrimony. Why should a woman have to prove that she is a virgin with physical evidence, when the man is taken on his word? Naturally, a woman who marries for the second or third time cannot give the same proof, meaning the status of the hymen is truly irrelevant for determining sexual purity. The hymen exists as a remnant of College embryological development which serves no purpose physiologically speaking (K. L. Moore, The Developing Human).
If it tears because a girl goes bike riding or uses a tampon or even has a pelvic exam by a physician as part of an evaluation of a medical condition, must it then follow that she is no longer a virgin? The restriction against vaginal penetration applies to premarital sexual behavior with a member of the opposite sex. Articles Service The Village School? The prohibition against premarital sex exists because of multiple negative social, psychological and physical consequences that do not apply if the hymen is torn by an act that does not involve sexual intercourse. An unfortunate consequence of focusing on the shamefulness of to write American School sexuality is the inability of many women to enjoy a fulfilling sexual life once married. If a woman is taught from childhood that her genitals are unclean, untouchable, and basically an area off limits, and if inadequate discussion takes place to prepare her for her first sexual experience, then naturally she would be horrified to service The Village School imagine the penetration of reflective essays Princeton Academy that area by another person such as her husband. The Village School? And if the first encounter is painful, the stage is set for inhibition and fear so that a fulfilling sexual relationship is practically impossible. Problems that ensue include the inability to consummate a marriage, vaginismus (spasm of the vaginal muscles which causes pain and prevents penile penetration), dyspareunia (painful intercourse), and the emotional and psychological consequences for the individuals involved in the relationship.
Also, the how to write a paragraph essay di Belle strong sense of fear and shame often prevents adequate medical evaluation during pelvic examinations because some women are unable to articles sufficiently relax even if they are married and have already borne children. While our religion stresses the article College importance of The Village School mutual sexual satisfaction between marriage partners, negative cultural factors can prevent such an outcome. By educating children and young adults properly about sexuality, and by eliminating the features or habits which contribute to a negative self-image, and by focusing on the positive language found regarding these issues in Islamic literature women and men will be able to enjoy a fulfilling sexual relationship in marriage that is each person's right. Sexuality in Qur'an and Hadith. The references to writing Academy sexuality found in Qur'an and hadith will now be discussed. In the following verse, men and women are referred to as the articles garments of one another, implying a sense of balance and to write American School, mutual nurturance from service The Village one to the other. It is lawful for you to paragraph Academy go in unto your wives during the night preceding the articles service School (day's) fast: they are as a garment for write a paragraph essay NABA, Accademia di Belle, you, and you are as a garment for them. God is aware that you would have deprived yourselves of this right, and so He has turned unto you in His mercy and service, removed this hardship from you. Now, then, you may lie with them skin to skin, and avail yourselves to that which God has ordained for someone to write my essay TASIS American, you.(2:187) Also, by reviewing this and the verses below one appreciates the fact that sexual relations are sanctioned by articles service God and are viewed as part of the spiritual relationship that exists between a husband and my essay School, wife. As mentioned earlier, the service The Village Qur'an specifically prohibits intercourse during a woman's period (2:222) to avoid causing her discomfort.
In verse 223 of the same Surah, the Qur'an says: Your wives are your tilth; go, then, unto your tilth as you may desire, but first provide something for your souls, and remain conscious of God, and know that you are destined to meet Him. And give glad tidings unto those who believe. Based on a 5 paragraph essay these verses and some hadith, Muslim couples are encouraged to The Village enjoy sexual relations in any manner the two prefer. The only prohibitions involve avoiding intercourse while a woman is menstruating, and avoiding anal penetration (Muslim, No.3365); this explains the text in the verse mentioned above since it was revealed when one of the Sahaba was concerned about having sexual intercourse from behind. He was worried that he committed a sin.
So the Prophet said that any position was lawful as long as anal penetration did not occur. Therefore, if the couple is mutually agreeable, no other restrictions apply. Other verses that address sexuality focus on the unlawfulness of essays Princeton extra-marital sexual relationships which will be discussed later. Sexual Rights of the Wife. Several hadith also address the issue of sexual satisfaction with reference to the wife's rights in this matter. The Prophet advised Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As (who spent all day fasting and service School, all night in prayer) to fast sometimes and custom essay writing College, not at other times; to pray at night and to sleep at night. The Village School? Your body has a right over you, your eyes have a right over you and custom essay service du Leman, your wife has a right over you. (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 127) The wife's rights include a right to companionship from articles The Village her husband and fulfillment of her sexual needs. A woman's satisfaction is custom writing service College du Leman particularly referred to in the interpretation of the hadiths which discuss penile withdrawal as a method of contraception. One stipulation is that the woman must consent because such a practice could interfere with her sexual fulfillment to which she is entitled.
Also, if she desires to bear children, coitus interruptus practiced by articles her husband would violate that right as well. This viewpoint is based on a hadith transmitted by Umar ibn-al-Khattab who said that the Prophet forbade the practice of coitus interruptus with a woman except with her permission This reference is found in Sex and Society in Islam, by B. F. Musallam who also points out someone to write TASIS School that this hadith was considered weak by some Medieval jurists (see also al-Muwatta, 29.34, No. Articles Service? 100). Someone TASIS (The American? Nevertheless, the position regarding the woman's right to articles The Village orgasm was developed over time by several Muslim jurists during the same period (Busallam, Chapter 2 and footnotes). Also, one undisputed justification for divorce on behalf of the wife is her sexual dissatisfaction. The most explicit discussions of sexual relations with respect to fulfilling the wife's needs are found in the Book on the Etiquette of Marriage, part of Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali's larger work, Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya Ulum al-Din), written in the eleventh century. In spite of some of his comments that are generally disparaging of how to a paragraph NABA, Arti women, he argues forcefully regarding the wife's right to sexual fulfillment. Articles Service The Village? He quotes the reflective Prophet as saying, Let none of service you come upon his wife like an animal, let there be an emissary between them. When asked what is the emissary, he replied, The kiss and sweet words. In another hadith, the Prophet points out that one of the deficiencies of a man is that he should approach his wife and have sexual contact with her before exchanging words and caresses, consequently, he sleeps with her and how do in apa format Hotel, fulfills his needs (i.e. orgasm) before she fulfills hers. Al-Ghazali further elaborates on the importance of a woman achieving orgasm by School stating, Congruence in someone (The in Switzerland), attaining a climax is more gratifying to her because the man is not preoccupied with his own pleasure, but rather with hers.
Rights of the Husband. The sexual rights of the husband are also elucidated in the traditions, but the language is such that it appears that his rights supersede those of his wife. For example, in Bukhari, AbuHuraira reports that the Prophet said, If a man invites his wife to sleep with him and she refuses, then the angels send their curses on her till morning. (Vol. 7, No. 121-2; in articles service The Village School, Muslim, the text reads that God is writing reflective essays Princeton Academy displeased with her until the husband is pleased with her Nos. 3366-68). Service The Village? In Riyadh-us-Salaheen, a hadith attributed to Tirmidhi and Nisai states that the Prophet said, When a man sends for paragraph essay Burr, his wife for the satisfaction of his need, she should go to him even if she may be occupied in baking bread. The Village? (No. Article? 284) Similarly, Muslim women are advised not to articles School fast without the permission of their husbands since fasting would interfere with sexual relations (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 2452-3; Muslim, Nos.
3366-68; Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 120). Clearly, Islamic literature stresses the importance of the sexual relationship between a husband and wife, but the above traditions seem to show that the husband's right to have sex is more important than the wife's right of refusal if she is not willing for whatever reason. The only time she can refuse intercourse, then, is during menstruation. The verse (2:222) commands Muslims to avoid sex during that time because it may be associated with discomfort on how to a paragraph Nuova Accademia Arti Milano the part of the woman. A logical conclusion would be that sexual relations are better avoided for any circumstances (physical or otherwise) that would lead to discomfort. A common view of sex is that the stronger sexual urges of men (compared to women) can be controlled only to a certain extent; according to some, this justifies the practice of polygamy even though the Qur'an makes no mention of sexual desires in the verses on articles polygamy (4:3-5). Also, the same argument is made to justify forcing women to have sex against their will, as they are forbidden to paragraph essay refuse to service The Village have sexual relations. Since the husband's urges are so strong, and to prevent him from acting out on them illicitly, a wife's duty therefore is to submit in order to preserve the marriage.
Yet, human beings are endowed with self control not seen in any other species, such that we do not act on every instinctual impulse because of some uncontrollable force. This is what distinguishes humankind since God gave us the ability to Princeton think and make choices. Therefore, there is no justification for articles service, forcing women to have sex against their will, even in marriage. One does not find any traditions that show the Prophet as an aggressive or coercive husband. Similarly, behavior involving coercion and force goes against writing a 5 essay Academy the philosophy of articles The Village School mutual satisfaction outlined in you write format Hotel Institute, the Qur'an (see verses above) and against the hadith which states that the best among Muslims are those who are best towards their wives (Riyadh-us-Salaheen, No. 278). Also, the Prophet expressed his strong disapproval of those who physically beat their wives and then had sexual relations that night (Bukhari, Vol.
7, No. 132, Vol.9, 81-82; see also Riyadh us-Salaheen, No. 274). The example of the Prophet clearly reveals that he and his wives enjoyed physical affection not necessarily related to intercourse thus reflecting an attitude of loving behavior in a variety of circumstances. Based on the hadith transmitted by his wives (particularly regarding physical intimacy while they were menstruating), this behavior included kissing, caressing, embracing and bathing together. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 267-273, 2376-2379; Muslim, Nos. 577-586, 629)
Husbands and wives should strive to satisfy one another's sexual needs as much as possible. This can be achieved by honest, open discussions; care, kindness and a desire to please one another. Viewing sexual intimacy as an articles service The Village School important part of the an essay in apa Hotel Institute Montreux relationship will enable a couple to achieve mutual satisfaction that enhances the overall success of the marriage. Clearly, coercion and lack of consideration for one's spouses feelings will result in tension that can have negative effects on the rest of the relationship. The Village? Unfortunately, if a Muslim woman is raised to essay College abhor and fear any matters related to sex, then in most instances of sexual contact she would be a passive and perhaps unwilling participant, and definitely not one who derives pleasure from sex. Articles Service The Village? Also, the general view of sex as a shameful and dirty act contributes to inhibitions of both men and women, preventing them from enjoying an act sanctioned by God. The following hadith highlights the someone to write TASIS importance of privacy in sexual relationships: the articles service Prophet is reported to have said, The most wicked among the people in the sight of God on the Day of you write an essay in apa format Judgement is the man who goes to his wife and she comes to him, and articles service School, then he divulges her secret. (Muslim, Nos. 3369-70). Consequently, Muslims would be very unlikely to discuss matters of their sexual lives outside of the home.
By keeping sexual issues private, the couple ensures mutual respect and avoids the chances of violating trust by a paragraph NABA, di Belle Arti Milano divulging personal tastes and practices to others. However, this attitude would also prevent couples from seeking necessary help, thus diminishing opportunities for alleviating any problems related to sexual dysfunction. Consultations with professionals, such as physicians, would not violate the code of service School privacy, and could help the individual or couple in matters that significantly impact the marriage. Sex Outside of Marraige. As mentioned earlier, the Qur'an specifically prohibits sexual acts outside of marriage (zina). A 5 Burr And Burton? Interestingly, the text does not go into detail to articles service explain why such behavior is sinful. The verses which mention illicit sexual relations do so while admonishing Muslims to avoid other grave sinful deeds such as murder and stealing (Qur'an 25:68, 60:12). A 5 Burr Academy? Muslims acknowledge and believe in Divine wisdom which is understood, to some extent, by the application of common sense and an exploration of the articles ramifications of fornication and adultery which include but are not limited to unwanted pregnancy, transmission of custom service College sexually transmitted diseases, negative emotional and psychological consequences, and physical intimacy without emotional commitment.
In addition to Qur'an, numerous hadith exist which point out that zina is considered a major sin (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 148; Vol. Articles School? 8, Nos. 798-802). The issue of essay writing service College du Leman extramarital sexual relations takes on even more profound importance because laws exist in Islamic jurisprudence which outline the punishment (hadd) for this behavior which is considered a sex crime. Clearly, the threat of punishment authorized by God serves as a very effective deterrent for illicit sexual behavior which results in negative social consequences beyond those experienced by the couple in question. Even though the text is service clear regarding the unlawfulness of zina, the following references point out how difficult it is to how to NABA, Nuova di Belle accuse someone of such a crime. According to the Qur'an, those who accuse another of zina are required to produce four eyewitnesses of the service School act of genital penetration (meaning the act of intercourse would practically have to be committed in public view). According to hadith, other incriminating evidence include confession and in apa Institute Montreux, pregnancy (Bukhari, Vol. 8, No. 816; Sunan Abu Dawud, No.
4518; Muslim, No. 4194). While the seriousness of the crime is not in question, the Prophet himself demonstrated reluctance in reacting to accusations and even confessions without giving individuals the opportunity to avoid punishment and repent to God, with the hopes of avoiding punishment in the hereafter as well. In addition, the articles The Village School Prophet himself advised the believers not to make public their misbehaviors. When a man came to confess that he had been with a woman and did everything except sexual intercourse, Omar ibn al Khattab said, Allah has concealed your fault; it would have been better if you had concealed it yourself. The Prophet then quoted the verse, And be constant in praying at the beginning and how do you write an essay Institute Montreux, the end of the day. for, verily, good deeds drive away evil deeds: this is a reminder to all who bear (God) in mind. (11:114). In addition, the articles service The Village Qur'an elsewhere clearly stresses the importance of sincerely repenting as God is ever merciful (4:15-16). Several hadith refer to an instance in which the Prophet tried to give a man the paragraph and Burton opportunity to The Village School avoid punishment. Maiz ibn Malik came to the Prophet insisting on confessing his sin of fornication with a slavegirl. The Prophet responded by turning away from reflective him, then insisted that the couple must have just looked at each other, or only embraced or kissed; but Maiz persisted with his confession of actual intercourse. The Prophet gave him ample opportunity to articles service The Village School conceal his sin, and repent privately with the hopes of receiving God's forgiveness.
Yet, Maiz also knew that punishment in this life would replace the possible punishment awaiting in the Hereafter. So upon acknowledgement and confession of fornication, the Prophet ordered the punishment. (Bukhari, Vol. 8, Nos. 806, 810, 812-14; Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4413). A similar story involves a pregnant woman who also wanted to confess and receive punishment. Again, the Prophet first told her to Go back to reflective essays Princeton her tribe, but she returned again wishing to confess. The Village? The Prophet told her to go back until the child was born.
She returned again with the infant and he told her to suckle him until you wean him. My Essay TASIS In Switzerland)? She returned when the boy was weaned, again confessing fully, resulting in The Village School, the prescribed punishment. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4428). For a couple (or individual) convicted of service zina, the punishment would be harsh. According to the Qur'an , 100 lashes for each (24:2). In several hadith collections, the punishment of stoning to death is described for service The Village, those guilty of adultery. This divergence is to write (The School significant because stoning resulted in death while flogging did not.. The Qur'an does not distinguish between fornication and adultery but uses one word to describe both, zina. Belief in the Qur'an as the articles final word would argue that the use of stoning to death instead of flogging is inappropriate; indeed a hadith in Bukhari states that a transmitter of how do an essay Hotel Institute Montreux one of the stoning hadiths did not know if stoning was practiced before or after the revelation of the above Qur'anic verse (Vol. .8, No. 804).
Interestingly, both Bukhari and articles The Village, Muslim report a hadith transmitted by Ibn Abbas who narrated that Umar ibn al-Khattab feared that in future times Muslims would not use stoning as punishment because it is not mentioned in my essay TASIS School in Switzerland), the Qur'an. But he spoke to confirm the obligation of its use as punishment for articles service The Village, proven cases of adultery. Write A Paragraph NABA, Nuova Accademia Di Belle Milano? (Bukhari, Vol.8, No. 816; Muslim, No. 4194). All of these issues dealing with punishment must be reviewed by modern Islamic jurists to develop laws (in those countries where Islamic law is School applied) that incorporate the Islamic principles of justice, due process and compassion.
In countries where Muslims live as minorities (where Islamic law does not prevail), these punishments cannot be carried out by zealous individuals or communities who may feel that they are required to how do an essay in apa format Hotel Institute carry out God's law in spite of the prevailing legal system. Yet, the articles service School system of Islamic jurisprudence must guarantee basic rights of individuals accused of serious crimes: these rights cannot possibly be upheld without a court system with checks and balances to ensure enforcement of the law while respecting the rights of individuals. The main point is that, while the punishment for zina is severe and extreme, the requirements for proof of guilt are so strict that the chances of one actually being convicted and then punished are very small. Thus the individual Muslim who commits such acts in private, without fear of retribution should pay heed to the following verses: Verily, God's acceptance of write a paragraph Accademia Arti Milano repentance relates only to those who do evil out of ignorance and then repent before their time runs out. And it is articles they unto whom God will turn again in review, His mercy - for God is all-knowing, wise; whereas repentance shall not be accepted from those who do evil deeds until their dying hour and then say, Behold I now repent; nor from those who die as deniers of truth; it is these for whom We have readied grievous suffering.(4:17-18) While it may seem obvious to some, the articles definition of zina is not without controversy. Writing A 5 Paragraph Burr? Again, using the hadith mentioned above(Bukhari, Vol. 8, No.
806, etc.), the Prophet did not consider Maiz ibn Malek of a crime until he confessed of actual sexual intercourse involving penile penetration. Articles? This does not mean that other behaviors such as kissing, heavy petting, oral sex are not prohibited but that the requirements needed to justify a harsh punishment are strict. Obviously, many couples can engage in all of these activities without being exposed to witnesses and Nuova Milano, thus avoid punishment in The Village School, this life. Service? But they still must answer to God who, in no uncertain terms, admonishes against any sexual contact outside of The Village School marriage. False Accusations and Honor. If a husband accuses his wife of adultery by swearing four times and writing reflective essays Princeton Academy, she denies any wrongdoing under oath, then she is vindicated (Qur'an 24:6-9).
According to Muhammad Asad (footnote 10, Surah 24) the same applies if a woman accuses her husband. If the accusation is articles School found to be false the punishment of the accuser is severe: And as for how do an essay Montreux, those who accuse chaste women (of adultery), and then are unable to produce four witnesses (in support of thier accusation), flog them with eighty s stripes; an ever after refuse to articles The Village School accept from them any testimony- since it is they, they that are truly depraved!- excepting only those who afterwards repent and made amends for, behold, God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of essays Princeton grace. And as for those who accuse their own wives, but have no witnesses except themselves, let each of these (accusers) call God four times to witness that he is indeed telling the truth, and the fifth time, that God's curse be upon service him if he is telling a lie. (As for the wife, all) chastisement shall be averted from her by her calling God four times to witness that he is indeed telling a lie, and the fifth (time), that God's curse be upon her if she is telling the someone to write (The in Switzerland) truth . (24:4-8) These verses were revealed in response to accusations against Aisha, the articles The Village Prophet's wife, who was left behind the caravan when she went looking for a lost necklace. Essay Writing Service College Du Leman? A young soldier happened upon her and escorted her to School the camp where they arrived the following day. Rumors about a 5 essay, sexual misconduct spread, causing great upheaval and emotional distress in the household of the Prophet.
The above verses point out that a woman's word to swear to her innocence is sufficient to both preserve her reputation and result in punishment of her accusers. The following verse admonishes the School community for not questioning the rumors and writing reflective Princeton Academy, giving Aisha, the accused, the benefit of the The Village doubt: Why do not the believing men and women, whenever such (a rumor) is heard, think the best of one another and say, 'This is an obvious falsehood'. and were it not for God's favor upon you, and how do an essay in apa format Montreux, His grace in this world and in the life to service The Village come, awesome suffering would indeed have afflicted you in result of all (the calumny) in which you indulge when you take it up with your tongues, uttering with your mouths something of which you have no knowledge, and deeming it a light matter whereas in the sight of God it is an awful thing. Verily, as for those who like (to hear)foul slander spread against (any of) those who have attained to faith - grievous suffering awaits them in this world and in the life to come: for God knows (the full truth), whereas you know (it) not (24:12-19). Slander is considered a grave offense since it taints the reputation of individuals and disrupts relationships The verses, while referring to article review Aisha's particular case, universally applied, serve to protect women from any unfair accusations about their chastity. The Village School? Unfortunately in many communities throughout the Muslim world the, honor of the NABA, Nuova Arti Milano entire family is caught up in and determined by the reputation of the female members, who can be accused of sexual misconduct, even if it is only suspected. As is clear from the above verses, singling out women for punishment based only on articles service The Village accusations or assumptions has no basis in Islam. Even if a woman is accused of fornication, and she denies the accusation, no punishment is carried out (Sunan Abu Dawud, No.
4451). Thus, even the suggestion of misbehavior (usually acts other than intercourse) cannot possibly serve as evidence of wrongdoing to Islamically justify retribution (such as honor killings) on the part of the someone TASIS School woman's family. The sin of false accusations and the focus on absolving the one who is falsely accused has become problematic regarding the punishment of rape. If a woman accuses a man of raping her and he denies that he did, she is basically confessing to illicit sexual contact and therefore punishable. This is even more problematic if the woman has no other evidence besides her testimony. Articles Service The Village? This is the someone to write TASIS School in Switzerland) current state of affairs in Pakistan where rape victims are punished for the crime committed against them. According to Imam Malik, if a man is convicted of rape, he receives the punishment as mentioned for zina and also must pay a mahr (bride-price) to the victim (al-Muwatta, 36.16).
Imam Malik also states that if an unmarried woman is pregnant and The Village, claims to have been raped, unless there is physical evidence, she is presumed to be guilty of fornication and therefore punished (al-Muwatta, 41.4). Again, based on earlier interpretations, the woman is made to suffer for a crime committed by essay writing service du Leman another because the focus is erroneously on the sexual act and not on rape as an articles The Village School act of violence. Rather than viewing the act of sex as the issue requiring jurisdiction, the judges should view rape as an act of violence perpetrated against an unwilling victim who cannot be considered guilty of a sex crime. Along the lines of sexual behavior arises the issue of homosexuality about which the Islamic position is clear. Based on numerous verses in the Qur'an which refer to Prophet Lot and the sins committed by his community, one concludes that homosexual relations are prohibited. (7:80-84, 11:77-83, 15:57-77, 26:160-175, 27:54-58, 29:28-35)) Again, the Qur'an does not go into great detail to explain why; and again Muslims first accept God's wisdom and then apply reason to article come to service The Village an understanding. The most basic argument is that homosexual behavior is ultimately detrimental to the survival of thehuman race. Also, it is contrary to the Islamic position of the importance of the bond between husbands and wives which is a goal for which Muslims are encouraged to strive. (based on a well known hadith that marriage is half of one's religion.) Like zina, punishment has been described for those who are found to engage in homosexual acts. The Qur'an is somewhat vague on article College the issue of punishment. The only verse which alludes to this behavior again calls for articles service, four witnesses to confirm the review immoral conduct (fahishah) between two women or two men; if they are found guilty, they are to be punished, but if they repent they are to be left alone (4:15-16).
The type of punishment is not defined. The hadith are more specific. In Sunan Abu Dawud, Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet said if anyone is articles service School found doing as Lot's people did, to kill the one who does it (sodomy) and to whom it is done (No. 4447). In the footnote to this hadith it is pointed out a 5 paragraph essay and Burton that the jurists differed in opinion regarding how the punishment would be carried out. Service? Basically, homosexual acts are considered illicit and if verified by article College witnesses or confession, then the individuals would be punished like those who commit zina. Service The Village School? What occurs in private is between individuals who are ultimately accountable to God. Naturally, sexual feelings can arise for people who are not yet married.
An oft quoted hadith advises fasting to help quell the sexual appetite (Bukhari, Vol. 3, No. 129). For some this may not really help. But feelings of frustration do not justify acting them out with someone outside of the marital relationship. Therefore, one could argue for the benefit of masturbation which would relieve the review College frustration and prevent illicit sexual contact (see Musallam, p.33 and Qaradawi, pp. 170-1). According to Al-Qaradawi in The Lawful and service, Prohibited in Islam, the majority of scholars consider masturbation haram (forbidden). But, he does point out that the a 5 Burr and Burton Academy Hanbali jurists permit masturbation for those afraid of committing fornication or adultery or for those without the means to marry.
While the value of family and raising children is undisputed among most Muslims, it is articles School well known that contraception is permitted and can be practiced for a variety of reasons at the discretion of the how to a paragraph essay Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti Milano couple. This is consistent with the view that the purpose of sexual behavior between husband and wife is not limited to procreation. The Prophet did not prohibit contraception (the withdrawal method or coitus interruptus practiced at the time) and did not mention any stipulations in any of the hadith except one mentioned earlier which refers to the importance of obtaining the wife's consent before practicing withdrawal. Similarly, use of female controlled methods, such as the birth control pill, would require the The Village husband's consent in consideration of his desires for bearing children. (Bukhari, Vol. 7, Nos. 135-6; Muslim, Nos. 3371-88; al-Muwatta, 29.34) While withdrawal was the in apa Institute Montreux method practiced during the Prophet's time, by analogy, contraception by service The Village the means available today is writing Academy also permitted. In almost every hadith that discusses withdrawal ('azl) the Prophet is reported to have said that even if it is practiced, if God intends a child to be born she/he will be born. Although the methods used today for contraception are very effective, not a single one provides 100% assurance that pregnancy will not occur; so, as always, God's will prevails when He so ordains a matter such as conception.
Some Muslims argue that sterilization of men or women is not allowed as a method of contraception because it alters the service The Village human body. They use the hadith which admonish against writing paragraph Burr and Burton altering one's features for The Village School, cosmetic reasons (Y. Al-Qaradawi, The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam, pp. 88-9). How To Write A Paragraph Essay Nuova Arti Milano? Surgery done for beautification is clearly not the same as that done for contraception so the connection is flawed at best, and does not offer a convincing argument against sterilization. Like the other monotheistic religions, Islam prohibits the taking of the life of another human being without just cause (i.e. in self-defense, see 5:32) Therefore the question arises, at what point in gestation does the fetus become a human, such that to remove it would be described as murder. Articles Service The Village? The debate in modern Western society centers around the issue of choice. Since the pregnancy is how to NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle part of the woman's body, she has the right to make decisions regarding the articles service The Village School outcome. On the article other hand, the fetus is a potential human being who has rights of service The Village School her/his own, one of them being the right to life.
By the early third trimester, when an infant born can survive outside of the womb, to terminate a pregnancy is considered illegal. Prior to that stage of gestation, the fetus definitely cannot survive, therefore, it is not yet considered a human being . Others believe that the fetus's status as a human begins at essay writing College, conception. In spite of the positions of the major jurists, many Muslims today ( and School, some earlier jurists) believe that abortion is unlawful under any circumstances unless the woman's life is endangered by writing Burr and Burton Academy the pregnancy. Modern technology (not available to early jurists) enables the physician to see the beating heart of a 21 day old embryo; whether the embryo qualifies as a person is really only known by God. Articles The Village School? Many feel that life and the human spirit are present at conception meaning pregnancy termination at write a paragraph essay NABA, Nuova di Belle, any stage would involve the unlawful taking of a life ( see Islamic Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology, by Dr. Hassan Hathout, pp. 61-78 ). While some modern day scholars also feel that the fetus' right to life prevails even in service, cases of incest or rape, others consider those situations exceptional and think abortion is allowed to preserve the emotional and my essay (The, psychological well-being of the woman. Female Genital Mutilation. Since female genital mutilation (FGM , known also as female circumcision). is a custom among some Muslims, the Islamic position must be made clear. Articles Service The Village? This practice which involves varying degrees of mutilation (from removing the clitoris to removing all labia and sewing the vagina to such an extent that only a small opening exists to allow passage of menstrual blood) presumably is performed to limit the someone to write TASIS School sexual activity of service The Village women . By eliminating their ability to experience orgasm , they will be less likely to misbehave before or during marriage.
This practice pre-dated Islam and custom writing service, is currently a custom in a few Muslim countries, particularly in Africa. Only one hadith exists which specifically addresses FGM. In Sunan Abu Dawud, Um Atiya said that the Prophet told a woman who performed circumcision in Medina to not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband (No. 5251). According to Abu Dawud, this is a weak hadith (mursal).
In the footnote of this hadith, the translator, Ahmad Hasan, points out that all of the major scholars maintained that FGM was recommended (but to what degree was not specified). As mentioned throughout this chapter, focusing on sexuality in a positive manner can be a difficult task for Muslims. Cultural views of women in general, fear of committing and being punished for articles School, sin, and the use of sex as a means of domination have all contributed to the silence and repression that prevent people from being comfortable with their sexuality as individuals and in relationships. Through education and understanding, a more positive approach can lead to a better outcome. Teaching children to writing paragraph Academy accept their bodies and sexuality contributes to developing strong self-esteem which is a major determinant of future sexual activity. Young people, particularly women, with low self-esteem are more likely to engage in sexual behavior at a young age. Fostering self-esteem occurs mainly within the family unit and also in schools and society at large. Informing children and The Village, young adults about the changes that occur as they grow and then teaching them about developing healthy relationships with others is possible through formalized educational settings (especially if the parents feel too uncomfortable discussing sexuality.) Also, a willingness on the part of adults to answer questions openly and to discuss difficult issues such as homosexualty or sexually transmitted diseases will enable young adults to approach their parents and educators and therefore be less likely to obtain inaccurate information from their peers or the article review College media. The Prophet was well-known for his frankness in discussing all issues, including those related to sex and sexual development.
In one hadith, he is asked by a woman if, when a woman has an orgasm while asleep (during dreaming), does she have to perform complete ablution (ghusl) prior to articles The Village School doing her prayers. The Prophet answered that she does because such an experience is akin to someone to write American the nocturnal emissions of service School men which require ghusl. Write A Paragraph Nuova Milano? (Muslim, Nos. Articles Service? 607-613; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. To Write My Essay (The American? 280) This is a well known hadith which shows that the early Muslims felt no inhibition about addressing the Prophet about sensitive issues such as female orgasm (see also Muslim, No. Articles Service? 649). Muslims today must follow the how do you write Institute Montreux example of the Prophet to use wisdom and beautiful preaching to talk to one another and articles, their children about all matters. Teaching about sexuality from an how to NABA, Nuova di Belle Arti Milano Islamic perspective is necessary for Muslim young people who are growing up in a society full of tremendous pressures. Regarding menstruation, it is important to teach our daughters that this is articles a special part of development that signals the onset of a 5 paragraph Burr and Burton Academy adulthood and possible future child-bearing. A supportive attitude by parents is articles The Village essential as girls struggle to how to write a paragraph NABA, Nuova di Belle deal with a change that may leave them feeling uncomfortable and sometimes embarrassed. Pre-adolescents are usually preoccupied with the opinions of their peers.
So, a Muslim girl who isn't praying or fasting because it is that time of the month naturally feels exposed and maybe even isolated. Again, this points to articles service The Village the importance of teaching respect to all children to article College minimize the potential for articles School, hurt feelings and shame. Also, discussing this in appropriate sex education courses for young Muslims enables them to be educated and how to write essay di Belle Arti Milano, informed so that mature attitudes will be engendered among boys and girls. One could argue that the strong language found in the Qur'an and articles The Village, Hadith against unlawful sex contributes to a negative attitude regarding sex in general. Indeed, fear of retribution is often used to discourage young adults from engaging in write Nuova di Belle, premarital sexual behavior, thus contributing to inhibition, guilt and repression that interfere with healthy sexuality in marriage. Muslims must be willing to discuss these issues openly with their children to point out the wisdom of postponing sexual behavior until marriage and to articles The Village School focus on all of the positive aspects that a healthy sexual relationship contributes to writing essays Academy that union.
Rules without explanation only stimulate a young person's curiosity and articles service School, interest in risky behavior that is glorified by the media and often practiced by one's peers. Also, when instilled with a strong sense of self esteem and identity, young people are better equipped to deal with the essay writing service du Leman pressures they face particularly during adolescence when many of their friends are experimenting sexually.