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brutus essay 11 In my last, I shewed, that the judicial power of the United States under the first clause of the second section of article eight, would be authorized to explain the constitution, not only according to its letter, but according to its spirit and intention; and having this power, they would strongly incline to writing in english give it such a construction as to extend the powers of the general government, as much as possible, to the diminution, and finally to the destruction, of that of the respective states. Descriptive University (NAVITAS). I shall now proceed to shew how this power will operate in its exercise to article writing Rosseau College effect these purposes. In order to perceive the write essay, extent of its influence, I shall consider, First. How it will tend to extend the legislative authority. Second. In what manner it will increase the jurisdiction of the courts, and. Third. The way in which it will diminish, and destroy, both the legislative and judicial authority of the United States. First.

Let us enquire how the judicial power will effect an extension of the legislative authority. Perhaps the judicial power will not be able, by article writing Rosseau, direct and positive decrees, ever to direct the legislature, because it is not easy to Marangoni conceive how a question can be brought before them in a course of legal discussion, in which they can give a decision, declaring, that the legislature have certain powers which they have not exercised, and which, in consequence of the determination of the judges, they will be bound to exercise. But it is easy to see, that in their adjudications they may establish certain principles, which being received by the legislature, will enlarge the article writing in english, sphere of their power beyond all bounds. It is to be observed, that the supreme court has the power, in the last resort, to determine all questions that may arise in the course of legal discussion, on the meaning and construction of the constitution. This power they will hold under the constitution, and independent of the level Istituto Marangoni, legislature. The latter can no more deprive the former of this right, than either of them, or both of them together, can take from the president, with the advice of the senate, the power of making treaties, or appointing ambassadors. In determining these questions, the court must and will assume certain principles, from which they will reason, in forming their decisions. These principles, whatever they may be, when they become fixed, by a course of decisions, will be adopted by the legislature, and Lake, will be the rule by which they will explain their own powers. This appears evident from this consideration, that if the legislature pass laws, which, in the judgment of the court, they are not authorised to do by the constitution, the court will not take notice of them; for it will not be denied, that the constitution is the an empathy Paris, highest or supreme law. And the courts are vested with the supreme and uncontroulable power, to determine, in all cases that come before them, what the constitution means; they cannot, therefore, execute a law, which, in article Rosseau Lake College their judgment, opposes the constitution, unless we can suppose they can make a superior law give way to an inferior. The legislature, therefore, will not go over the limits by which the courts may adjudge they are confined.

And there is little room to doubt but that they will come up to descriptive essays Gordon University those bounds, as often as occasion and Lake, opportunity may offer, and Gordon (NAVITAS), they may judge it proper to do it. For as on the one hand, they will not readily pass laws which they know the courts will not execute, so on the other, we may be sure they will not scruple to pass such as they know they will give effect, as often as they may judge it proper. From these observations it appears, that the judgment of the judicial, on the constitution, will become the rule to guide the legislature in their construction of their powers. What the writing in english Rosseau College, principles are, which the courts will adopt, it is impossible for us to say; but taking up the powers as I have explained them in my last number, which they will possess under this clause, it is not difficult to see, that they may, and probably will, be very liberal ones. We have seen, that they will be authorized to give the constitution a construction according to its spirit and reason, and not to confine themselves to its letter. To discover the spirit of the constitution, it is of the first importance to attend to essays Fryeburg the principal ends and article in english Rosseau College, designs it has in online Preparatory view. These are expressed in the preamble, in the following words, viz.

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and in english Lake College, our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution, c. If the write an essay Preparatory, end of the government is to be learned from these words, which are clearly designed to article in english declare it, it is obvious it has in view every object which is embraced by any government. The preservation of internal peace #8212; the an mba University Lowell — UMass Lowell, due administration of justice #8212; and to provide for the defence of the community, seems to include all the objects of government; but if they do not, they are certainly comprehended in the words, to provide for the general welfare. If it be further considered, that this constitution, if it is ratified, will not be a compact entered into by states, in their corporate capacities, but an agreement of the people of the United States, as one great body politic, no doubt can remain, but that the great end of the constitution, if it is to be collected from the preamble, in which its end is declared, is to article writing Lake College constitute a government which is to writing prompts for essays Millfield School extend to every case for which any government is article in english Rosseau Lake College, instituted, whether external or internal. The courts, therefore, will establish this as a principle in expounding the constitution, and will give every part of it such an explanation, as will give latitude to every department under it, to take cognizance of every matter, not only how to essay Istituto Marangoni, that affects the general and national concerns of the union, but also of such as relate to the administration of private justice, and to regulating the internal and local affairs of the different parts. Such a rule of exposition is not only consistent with the general spirit of the preamble, but it will stand confirmed by article in english Rosseau Lake College, considering more minutely the different clauses of it. The first object declared to where can i write University Preparatory School be in view is, To form a perfect union.

It is to be observed, it is not an union of states or bodies corporate; had this been the writing in english Rosseau Lake College, case the existence of the how to write essay University of Massachusetts Lowell, state governments, might have been secured. But it is article, a union of the people of the United States considered as one body, who are to how to an mba essay of Massachusetts Lowell ratify this constitution, if it is adopted. Now to Rosseau College make a union of this kind perfect, it is necessary to abolish all inferior governments, and to give the general one compleat legislative, executive and judicial powers to every purpose. Writing University (NAVITAS). The courts therefore will establish it as a rule in explaining the constitution to give it such a construction as will best tend to perfect the union or take from the article Rosseau College, state governments every power of either making or executing laws. The second object is to establish justice. This must include not only the idea of instituting the rule of justice, or of making laws which shall be the measure or rule of right, but also of providing for the application of this rule or of administering justice under it. And under this the courts will in their decisions extend the level Istituto, power of the government to all cases they possibly can, or otherwise they will be restricted in doing what appears to be the intent of the constitution they should do, to wit, pass laws and article writing in english Lake College, provide for the execution of them, for descriptive writing essays University, the general distribution of justice between man and man. Another end declared is to insure domestic tranquility. This comprehends a provision against all private breaches of the peace, as well as against all public commotions or general insurrections; and to attain the object of this clause fully, the government must exercise the power of passing laws on these subjects, as well as of appointing magistrates with authority to execute them. And the courts will adopt these ideas in their expositions.

I might proceed to the other clause, in the preamble, and it would appear by a consideration of all of them separately, as it does by taking them together, that if the spirit of this system is to writing in english Rosseau be known from its declared end and design in the preamble, its spirit is to subvert and abolish all the powers of the descriptive University, state government, and to embrace every object to which any government extends. As it sets out in the preamble with this declared intention, so it proceeds in the different parts with the in english Lake College, same idea. Writing Fryeburg Academy. Any person, who will peruse the 8th section with attention, in article in english College which most of the powers are enumerated, will perceive that they either expressly or by writing at masters Istituto, implication extend to almost every thing about article writing in english College, which any legislative power can be employed. But if this equitable mode of construction is applied to this part of the constitution; nothing can stand before it. This will certainly give the an mba (Navitas), first clause in that article a construction which I confess I think the in english Rosseau Lake, most natural and grammatical one, to authorise the Congress to do any thing which in how to an empathy Istituto their judgment will tend to provide for the general welfare, and this amounts to the same thing as general and unlimited powers of legislation in all cases. ( Continued from last Thursday's paper. ) This same manner of explaining the constitution, will fix a meaning, and a very important one too, to the 12th [18th?] clause of the same section, which authorises the Congress to make all laws which shall be proper and necessary for carrying into effect the foregoing powers, c. Article Writing Rosseau College. A voluminous writer in favor of this system, has taken great pains to descriptive Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) convince the public, that this clause means nothing: for that the same powers expressed in this, are implied in other parts of the constitution. Perhaps it is so, but still this will undoubtedly be an excellent auxilliary to article Rosseau assist the courts to discover the spirit and reason of the constitution, and writing for essays School, when applied to any and article College, every of the other clauses granting power, will operate powerfully in extracting the spirit from them.

I might instance a number of clauses in the constitution, which, if explained in essay writing at masters level Milano an equitable manner, would extend the powers of the government to every case, and reduce the state legislatures to nothing; but, I should draw out my remarks to an undue length, and I presume enough has been said to shew, that the courts have sufficient ground in writing Rosseau Lake the exercise of descriptive writing Robert (NAVITAS), this power, to determine, that the legislature have no bounds set to them by Rosseau Lake College, this constitution, by any supposed right the legislatures of the essay Istituto Milano, respective states may have, to writing in english Rosseau College regulate any of Marangoni Paris, their local concerns. I proceed, 2d, To inquire, in what manner this power will increase the jurisdiction of the courts. I would here observe, that the article writing Rosseau College, judicial power extends, expressly, to all civil cases that may arise save such as arise between citizens of the same state, with this exception to those of that description, that the descriptive essays Robert University, judicial of the United States have cognizance of cases between citizens of the writing, same state, claiming lands under grants of different states. Nothing more, therefore, is necessary to give the where an essay online American School, courts of law, under this constitution, complete jurisdiction of all civil causes, but to comprehend cases between citizens of the same state not included in the foregoing exception. I presume there will be no difficulty in accomplishing this. Article Writing In English Rosseau College. Nothing more is necessary than to set forth, in the process, that the party who brings the suit is a citizen of a different state from the one against descriptive writing essays whom the suit is writing Lake, brought, and there can be little doubt but that the court will take cognizance of the matter, and if they do, who is to restrain them? Indeed, I will freely confess, that it is my decided opinion, that the where can i an essay University School, courts ought to take cognizance of such causes, under the powers of the constitution. For one of the great ends of the writing in english Lake, constitution is, to establish justice. This supposes that this cannot be done under the prompts for essays School, existing governments of the states; and there is certainly as good reason why individuals, living in the same state, should have justice, as those who live in different states.

Moreover, the constitution expressly declares, that the in english Lake College, citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. It will therefore be no fiction, for writing prompts School, a citizen of one state to set forth, in a suit, that he is a citizen of another; for he that is entitled to all the article in english Lake College, privileges and immunities of a country, is a citizen of that country. Writing School. And in writing Rosseau College truth, the citizen of for essays, one state will, under this constitution, be a citizen of in english Rosseau, every state. But supposing that the applications Academy, party, who alledges that he is a citizen of another state, has recourse to fiction in bringing in his suit, it is well known, that the courts have high authority to plead, to justify them in suffering actions to be brought before them by such fictions. In my last number I stated, that the court of exchequer tried all causes in virtue of such a fiction.

The court of king's bench, in England, extended their jurisdiction in the same way. Originally, this court held pleas, in civil cases, only of trespasses and other injuries alledged to be committed vi et armis . They might likewise, says Blackstone, upon the division of the aula regia , have originally held pleas of any other civil action whatsoever (except in real actions which are now very seldom in use) provided the defendant was an article Lake College, officer of the court, or in the custody of the marshall or prison-keeper of this court, for breach of the essay level Istituto Marangoni Milano, peace, c. In process of time, by a fiction, this court began to hold pleas of any personal action whatsoever; it being surmised, that the defendant has been arrested for a supposed trespass that he has never committed, and being thus in the custody of the marshall of the court, the plaintiff is at liberty to proceed against him, for any other personal injury: which surmise of being in the marshall's custody, the defendant is not at liberty to dispute. By a much less fiction, may the article writing Rosseau, pleas of the courts of the an mba essay of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass, United States extend to article writing cases between citizens of the same state. I shall add no more on this head, but proceed briefly to remark, in what way this power will diminish and destroy both the how to write Istituto, legislative and judicial authority of the states. It is obvious that these courts will have authority to decide upon the validity of the laws of any of the article Rosseau, states, in all cases where they come in question before them. Where the constitution gives the general government exclusive jurisdiction, they will adjudge all laws made by the states, in such cases, void ab initio . Where the constitution gives them concurrent jurisdiction, the laws of the United States must prevail, because they are the supreme law. In such cases, therefore, the laws of the state legislatures must be repealed, restricted, or so construed, as to give full effect to the laws of the union on the same subject. From these remarks it is easy to see, that in proportion as the general government acquires power and jurisdiction, by the liberal construction which the judges may give the constitution, will those of the states lose its rights, until they become so trifling and unimportant, as not to for college be worth having.

I am much mistaken, if this system will not operate to effect this with as much celerity, as those who have the administration of it will think prudent to suffer it. The remaining objections to the judicial power shall be considered in a future paper.

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Integrative Psychotherapy Articles. Richard G. Erskine, Editor, with Maria Teresa Tosi, Marye O'Reilly-Knapp, Rosemary Napper, Fanita English, and Jo Stuthridge. The European Transactional Analysis Conference (EATA) in Prague, Czech Republic, included a roundtable presented on July 9, 2010. The roundtable was preceded by introductory speeches given by Richard G. Erskine (convener), Maria Teresa (Resi) Tosi, Marye O'Reilly-Knapp, and Jo Stuthridge. The roundtable discussion also included comments from Rosemary Napper and Fanita English. This article presents edited excerpts from article writing, three of the introductory speeches and some of the following discussion. (Jo Stuthridge asked that her speech not be included because it duplicates material already in print.) Richard Erskine, Introduction. As transactional analysts we have a profound set of theories that have endured the descriptive Robert University, test of time. The core theories of transactional analysis include the human need for relationships and strokes, the complexity of ego states, the distinction of transference from ordinary transactions, and the overarching concept of life scripts. Each of these specific concepts, as well as the combination of all the subconcepts, provides a rich repertoire of theory that is Rosseau Lake, uniquely transactional analysis. For 50 years transitional analysis has developed, survived, and endured clinical tests.

Our theory has been refined through our increasing experience, experimentation, collegial confrontations of each other, and continuous feedback from our clients. Prompts School. As transactional analysts we are grounded in the theories developed by article Rosseau Lake Eric Berne and the members of his seminars, and we are innovative because we listen to the experiences and the needs of our clients. Both our theories and methods evolve because we are willing to learn from our clients while also utilizing what we already know about human dynamics. The concept of writing prompts for essays Millfield School, life scripts is but one example of our innovative and evolving theory. The theory of writing in english Rosseau College, life scripts has fascinated me since I first heard about it in an empathy Marangoni 1967 in a training workshop with Fritz Perls. He had borrowed the idea from writing in english Rosseau College, Eric Berne, but neither Berne nor Perls wrote about its psychotherapeutic applications. Prior to his untimely death, Berne collected notes and vignettes about various influences in the formation of scripts. Those uncorrelated notes and write University School, his ideas about writing in english Rosseau, human destiny were published as the book What Do You Say After You Say Hello? (Berne, 1972). Academy. Berne did not live long enough to fully develop the concept of life scripts; he wrote only an outline of the theory and article writing Rosseau College, did not address how to writing for essays Millfield School, treat life script issues in psychotherapy.

He left it to future generations, to you, my colleagues here on the roundtable, to meЂ”to all of Rosseau College, usЂ”to develop and refine the writing essays applications Fryeburg Academy, concepts and methods of working with life scripts. In the book that has just been published by Karnac entitled Life Scripts; A Transactional Analysis of Unconscious Relational Patterns (Erskine, 2010), 14 transactional analysts have written about how they have developed, advanced, and article writing Rosseau, refined Berne's rudimentary ideas. Some of the authors are here in Prague for this European Association of Transactional Analysis psychotherapy and counseling symposium. Those present today are Maria Teresa (Resi) Tosi (Italy), Mary O'Reilly-Knapp (USA), Jo Stuthridge (New Zealand), Rosemary Napper (UK), and Fanita English (citizen of the world). In this symposium, via the introductory speeches and writing essays Robert University, the roundtable discussion, you will hear about a combination of traditional concepts, innovative perspectives, and writing Rosseau Lake College, some radical ideas. As a group of authors, we have written about life scripts being composed of subsymbolic and procedural memory, implicit experiential conclusions, and self-regulating patterns. University — UMass. Some of these authors view life scripts as existential positions or dilemmas that need to article, be valued and embraced whereas others define them as embedded within the body or a result of lethal parental injunctions. As a group, though, we have written about writing at masters Marangoni Milano, unconscious relational patterns that have their origin in early childhood needs for article writing in english Rosseau Lake College attachment and in writing School the protocol of article writing Rosseau College, primary relationships within the family. I want to begin this symposium by sharing my personal perspective on life scripts.

In carefully reading Berne's writings, it is clear to me that the concept of script refers to that which inhibits spontaneity and limits flexibility in problem solving, health maintenance, and relationships with people. The definition of life scripts on which I base my psychotherapy and teaching is this: Life scripts are a complex set of unconscious relational patterns based on physiological survival reactions, implicit experiential conclusions, explicit decisions and/or self-regulating introjections (Erskine, 2010, p. Millfield. 1). I personally believe that to in english Rosseau Lake College, achieve effective change in a client's life script, it may be necessary for the psychotherapist to focus the therapeutic work on four major areas: 1. Being aware of the client's bodily reactions and uncovering the unconscious emotional story embedded within his or her body. 2. Providing an ongoing relational psychotherapy to rectify implicit experiential conclusions and fixated self-regulating accommodations. 3. Engaging in in-depth therapy of the Parent ego states to decommission introjections and parental injunctions. 4. Write University — UMass Lowell. Facilitating the client in making redecisions related to explicit experiences. The more areas of this complex set of unconscious relational patterns that we attend to in english Lake College, in our psychotherapy, the more we will achieve script cure (Erskine, 1980). Maria Teresa (Resi) Tosi on The Challenges of the Narrative Script When I remember my first psychotherapy session as a client, I can still feel the sense of being deeply understood and respected by my psychotherapist while he was mirroring my feelings and thoughts.

Richard Erskine would probably say I felt validated: what I felt and thought could be recognized and valued (Erskine Trautmann, 1996). Now I think that in those days, 30 years ago, I was starting to form my first narrative of what psychotherapy is: an empathic relationship in which a client can give meaning to her own experience and how to write an mba University — UMass Lowell, start to in english Lake, form new images of how to write essay Istituto, herself, others, and life. How many first experiences and images do each of us have? The first day in school, the first time we made love, the first pregnancy, the first time a loved one died. How many intense and deeply provoking moments of change in relationship to othersЂ”what Stern (2003) called present moments Ђ”have we experienced in life? How many traumas do we still need to integrate in our memories? How many plots or life themes have we developed and favored in our life? Which plots or themes are still there, as if they are waiting their turn, or which ones do we still not know?

In his definitions of script, Berne (1972) underscored that the script is an ongoing program, developed in writing in english Rosseau College early childhood under parental influence, that directs the individual's behavior in the most important parts of essay writing level Istituto Milano, her life and is based on archaic decisions and conclusions. The protocol, the script, and writing, the adaptation are three steps in script formation that go from an archaic, unconscious drama to a preconscious story formed through daily relationships. Very creatively, Berne proposed that some peopleЂ”or maybe all of usЂ”develop a story that limits their identity by forming self-repeating patterns, a story that needs to be redecided in can i online American University order to reach autonomy. After Berne, a wide consensus has developed around the idea that we need a story, in any case, if we want to shape our identity. This concept was anticipated by Bill Cornell (1988) and Fanita English (1988) at the end of the 1980s. Just 30 years ago, a paradigm shift started to influence all psychotherapeutic models. This narrative revolution altered the vision of the self per se and fostered the concept of a narrator self. Basically, the narrative vision suggests that the person needs a story to define her own identity. Article Writing In English College. Life is constructed and reconstructed through the stories we tell about ourselves and our relationships. Stories help people integrate and make sense of their experiences.

Stories provide personal and essay at masters level Marangoni Milano, cultural meanings to relational experiences. When people tell stories they are always doing so with a listenerЂ”internal or external, in actuality or in fantasyЂ”who influences the article writing in english Rosseau Lake, development of that story. Narrative approaches can be differentiated into two major streams. In one, some authors studied the how to Istituto Marangoni Paris, content of clients' spontaneous stories and showed that they are of in english Rosseau, great value in accessing hidden psychological processes (e.g., see Luborsky Crits-Christoph, 1990). According to a second stream, the so-called post-psychological perspective, the writing essays for college Fryeburg Academy, concept of narrative is central because it brings together crucial aspects of the writing, psychotherapeutic process. In this tradition, psychotherapy is descriptive writing essays University, conceived of as a social process, and Lake, narratives encompass personal, interpersonal, and applications, cultural dimensions. The personal dimension is related to the unique life story created by the story teller. The interpersonal dimension is important because the person who narrates has an audience whose responses give shape to the unfolding of the Rosseau College, story. Finally, there is a cultural dimension because stories are conceived according to patterns and values typical of a certain culture so that language, culture, and society can offer several good or bad stories (Mc Leod, 2004). Berne was one of the where can i write an essay online Preparatory School, pioneers who interpreted the psychological life as a developmental process based on a theory of social relationships.

He was influenced by Eric Erikson (with whom he did his second psychoanalysis), whose research is one of the most significant expressions of the psychosocial approach in psychoanalysis. Erikson (1950) was also the in english Lake, creator of a developmental theory of identity with a strong orientation toward the writing essays, integration and resolution of internal conflicts. More recently, the narrative approaches, modern psychosocial theories, and research have stimulated a discussion about the idea of Rosseau Lake, a unitary self. In this view, the self is writing Academy, conceived of as a community of selves, and identity includes different meanings of self (Scilligo, 2009). It seems we have as many relational selves as we have significant relationships with other people.

Also, for each specific relational self that is activated, there is a specific nonrelational self linked to it (Andersen Chen, 2002). The attributes given to article writing Rosseau Lake College, the self (e.g., I'm too fat) appear to be related to the procedural experience of write American Preparatory School, being with others (e.g., If I am thin, then I can be admired) (Baldwyn, 1997). Modern psychosocial research hypothesizes that the personality system consists of mediational affective-cognitive unities that are organized in writing in english Rosseau Lake College specific relational nets (Mischel Shoda, 1995). This means that there is growing consensus among psychosocial researchers that the theory of traits is inadequate to essay at masters Marangoni Milano, diagnose a client (e.g., she is extroverted). On the contrary, it is important to acknowledge both the variability of article Rosseau Lake College, one person in different contexts (context is writing for essays Millfield, used in a broad sense, such as interpersonal, cognitive-affective, social contexts, etc.) and writing Lake, the range of Fryeburg Academy, variability shown by that person as he or she presents a range of specific profiles related to his or her behaviors. So, for example, the same person could be extroverted in one situation and introverted in another, according to writing Rosseau, the specific meaning given to certain situations. These theories, which have been integrated by Scilligo (2009) into a model of social-cognitive transactional analysis, further develop the interpersonal theoretical frame of reference that is typical of transactional analysis. I want to recognize the modernity of where can i write online American Preparatory, Berne when he developed social psychiatry and also the risk inherent in script theory if it is used to Lake College, underline only how invariable a person is. It has been exciting for me to read several qualitative research reports put forward by authors of narrative approaches to explore if identity is better explained by writing at masters Marangoni unity or multiplicity. When narratives are analyzed phenomenologically, one is inclined to think that different selves are in article writing Rosseau College dialogue within the person and that integration is not the only solution that people are striving toward.

Sometimes we find a complexity of selves that are organized in essays a dynamic dualistic fashion; sometimes we find a polyphonia of selves that can be organized like a conversation; sometimes people experience an irreconcilable duality that requires a lifelong struggle to find an internal third element that would contain that duality; sometimes we realize that people organize themselves around a personal challenge, theme, or aesthetic that orients all of their life in different contexts. So, I have some hypotheses about script theory: The script is lived and narrated. Narratives are an important mirror of scripts, both for their content and their form. The script is the article Lake College, sum of the essays Gordon University (NAVITAS), client's experiences and stories, which are always evolving. It is formed at the junction of three domains: the personal world of meanings created by each person; the interpersonal/relational dimension, which has an impact on each level (symbolic and article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, subsymbolic, explicit and implicit) of writing Robert University (NAVITAS), its development; and the culture, which always gives limits and resources to article in english Lake, its formation. From my point of view, the write essay Lowell Lowell (Navitas), psychotherapist has the task of looking for what is invariable and also what is variable in the client's story life because the complexity and creativity of each person are in the exceptions present in her life, the errors that open a window on multiple ways of reaching a goal, the in english College, background noise in her life that is worthwhile to acknowledge, the descriptive writing essays Robert (NAVITAS), challenges she has been facing, the aesthetic she wants to pursue, the irreconcilable selves she does not want to article in english Rosseau Lake, deny. I feel honored to have had the chance to present my ideas in this context, to talk about this topic, one for which I have had a passion since 1993 (Tosi, 1993, 2010). Marye O'Reilly-Knapp on Script System: The Unformulated Narrative As transactional analysts we have concepts that furnish a strong theoretical foundation.

Concepts such as ego states, strokes, transactions, games, rackets, script , and the script system have provided a rich framework for online American School psychotherapy. Works by English (1972), Steiner (1974), Stuntz (1972), and Woollams (1973) have added to the development of article Rosseau Lake, script theory. This morning I want to talk about the script system and emphasize its power as a model that can guide an in-depth psychotherapy andas a construct in working with unconscious and unformulated narratives that remain unthinkable and therefore unspeakable and indescribable. First formulated by can i write an essay online University School Richard Erskine and Marilyn Zalcman (1979) as the racket system, the script system is a representation of beliefs about self and othersЂ”of relationshipsЂ”and the conclusions made at many developmental levels. Article Writing Lake College. It includes observable behaviors, internal physical sensations, reinforcing experiences (current, as well as past memories), and repressed needs and feelings. It is often difficult for a child, or even some adults, to make sense of the subtle elements of the script system. Most of the script system is implicit, largely due to the unconscious organization of experiences. The script, was described by Berne (1961) as an essay level Istituto Marangoni, extensive unconscious life plan [that] determines the identity and article in english Rosseau Lake College, destiny of the where write University School, person (p. 23). Article In English. The transactional analysis literature has addressed how scripts are transmitted through parental messages and injunctions as well as the conclusions and essay Istituto Marangoni, explicit decisions the person makes. Berne (1966), in writing Rosseau College an early comment on the theory of life scripts, wrote,

Nearly all human activity [is] programmed by an ongoing script dating from early childhood, so that the feeling of autonomy is essay writing, nearly always an illusionЂ”an illusion which is the greatest affliction of the human race because it makes awareness, honesty, creativity, and intimacy possible for only a few fortunate individuals. (p. 310) Berne did not complete the article writing Lake College, theoretical development of life scripts in his lifetime. It was left to others to carry on the work of refining script theory and writing essays for college applications Fryeburg, developing methods of script cure. To further the discussion of the script system I want to address five important points. The script system is: 1. Article Writing In English Rosseau Lake. A structure to examine how script is active in life today. 2. A process to make meaning of here-and-now thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and can i write online University, sensations. 3. A way to work with the unconscious and retrieve implicit memories. 4. A method to form an autobiographical self. 5. A treatment framework for article Lake script cure.

How Script Is Active in Life Today. The model of the script system was created to examine unconscious processes of descriptive Gordon University (NAVITAS), script in current life situations. The script system identifies the decisions, conclusions, reactions, and or introjections [that] are unconsciously operationalized in current life as core beliefs, overt behaviors, fantasies and obsessions, internal physical reactions, and writing, reinforcing memories (O'Reilly-Knapp Erskine, 2010, p. 292). The script system is maintained: Ђў To avoid reexperiencing unmet needs and the corresponding feelings regarding the unmet needs. Ђў To generalize the unconscious experience of self in relationship with others. Ђў To create homeostatic self-regulation (the script system helps to organize experiences and maintain some stability in present life) Ђў To provide a predictive model of life and interpersonal relationshipsЂ”this is how life is and this is descriptive University, how people are and article Lake, what they do. (Erskine, 2008, p. 128). The Road to the Unconscious and Meaning Making. Writing Essays Fryeburg Academy. The script system, as an article writing in english, unconscious organization of experiences, provides the essay level Istituto Milano, therapist and client with the means of recovering unconscious experience and the client's way of making meaning. This is partly done by giving meaning to article Lake College, the thoughts, feelings, sensations, and behaviors present in Marangoni Milano here-and-now experiences both in and out of therapy sessions.

When I am working within the article writing Rosseau Lake, script system, I am reminded of essay, Bollas's (1987) concept of the unthought known, which he describes as countless rules for being and relating that have been operationally determined. He identified fantasy as the first representation of the unthought known: It is a way of thinking that which is article in english Rosseau Lake College, there (p. 279). He went on to consider mental representationsЂ”which are similar to Bowlby's (1979) internal working models, Sterne's (1985) representations of internal generalizations (RIGs), and essays Gordon, Damasio's (1999) from wakefulness to article writing Rosseau Lake College, consciousness model. Bollas's recognition of somatic knowledge as part of the unthought known reinforces the importance of the prompts for essays Millfield School, body in dealing with the unconscious. In script system analysis, the inclusion of physiological reactions as well as beliefs about self and article in english Rosseau, others and write online School, the meanings given to experiences, relational patterns, and the script displays of Lake College, fantasies all bring together the concepts addressed by the term the unthought known. Working with the script system within the therapeutic relationship allows the person to understand and give meaning to present, here-and-now, lived experiences. Bollas described this process as working with a fundamental split between what we think we know and what we may know and never be able to think (p. 282). With the use of the script system as a blueprint for script analysis, the unconscious organization of experiences becomes coherent so that there is an organized whole.

The fundamental splits identified in script are integrated to enhance flexibility, spontaneity, and intimacy. Forming an Autobiographical Self. According to Sameroff and Emde (1989), a narrative is the story or account of the descriptive Robert University, internal working models of regulations as told to oneself or another (p. 66). In English Lake College. Both the story, which is generally conscious, and the internal working model, which is where write online American, generally unconscious, coexist throughout life. In English Rosseau. The narrative model is generally conscious, verbal, social, and made up of referrants experienced via words. Formulation of the writing at masters, narrative organizes the historical experiences of the individual.

The emergence of language facilitates further development of the sense of self. Stern (1985) described the arrival of language as bringing about the ability to narrate one's own life story and, ultimately, to construct narratives that begin to form the autobiographical history that evolves into writing in english Rosseau Lake College the life story a patient may first present to a therapist (p. 174). Analysis of the script system adds to formulation of the narrative by reconstructing unconscious, implicit memories, that is, organizing an autobiographical memoryЂ”a record of the past. How To Write An Mba Essay Of Massachusetts Lowell. An autobiographical self emerges where memory is connected neurally and cognitively to what Damasio calls the article writing in english Rosseau College, proto-self and to eventually to the emergent and conscious core self of each lived instant (p.

173). Knowing will help being, wrote Damasio in discussing consciousness and Academy, the emergence of the autobiographical self. He went on to say that some memories may not be fully reconstructed and article writing, some may never see the light of an empathy essay, consciousness (p. Writing College. 227). Other memories may be reconstructed differently from the original. Analysis of the script system facilitates becoming known and adds to the autobiographical self by updating memories with new, current information cocreated in the therapeutic relationship. The script system gives us as transactional analysts an image of the Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), make-up of the client's unconscious script dynamics, which are composed of four primary elements: script beliefs about self, others, and the quality of life; behavior, fantasy, and physiological manifestations; reinforcing experiences; and the intrapsychic process of repressed needs and feelings (Erskine, 1997; Erskine Moursund, 1988; Erskine Zalcman, 1979). Another valuable element of the article Lake, script system for me has been the framework it provides for working within the therapeutic relationship; it offers a guide to help me, both as a therapist and as a client, to understand internal processes and to fill in the blanks of relational experience. In this cocreative process, the inner world of the various subsystems that comprise the Istituto Marangoni, script can be known and understood. Life scripts can now be seen within the backdrop of developmental stages, relationship models, attachment theory, neurobiology, and writing Lake, the narrative model. All this adds further to the understanding of both intrapsychic and prompts for essays Millfield, interpersonal experiences.

Richard: I want to begin this roundtable with Rosemary Napper, who has written about a different perspective on life scripts than what we have heard in the keynote speeches. Rosemary: My perceptive is as an article in english, organizational and educational transactional analyst and as a counselor. Prompts For Essays Millfield. I want to emphasize some different aspects of script, which I think have been underplayed within transactional analysis. The perspective I bring echoes the concept of cocreation, which Jo Stuthridge talked about in her speech, and the continuous process of scripting. Article In English Lake. The formation of script is not just something that happens at the beginning of life; script continues to form throughout our lives in relation to the wider context that we live within.

I think that there have been some interesting writings that look at both the setting and at transference (e.g., transference to objects). Milano. This is an area that we could be developing much further. In particular, I want to emphasize culture. Some transactional analysisЂ”such Berne, Denton Roberts, Jerry and article writing, Terry White, and Pearl DregoЂ”have emphasized the importance of writing essays applications, culture. Rosseau College. This is an area of theoretical development with much potential. I see culture as being one of the most important aspects of our script; it is embedded and embodied within us. Istituto Marangoni Milano. There are many cultures that we each live among, so we each have many cultures inside us (e.g., family, ethnic, and article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, national cultures). We all manage to find the institutions and the organizations that somehow reflect the culture and script we bring with us and also cocreate a script with us. Being a member of a transactional analysis association is a major way that we could be thinking about our own script and the script of TA associations.

I notice the pattern among many transactional analysis associations as an writing Millfield School, organization is very similar. Writing Rosseau Lake College. I would argue that there is how to Marangoni, a cocreation here between the individual's proclivities and the structures that they then create, which in turn influence the individuals. We then both internalize and in english Lake, interject cultural and descriptive Robert University (NAVITAS), organizational scripts. These become part of our implicit selves and our individual stories, which we enact interpersonally. Writing In English Rosseau. So perhaps we should be talking about systemic scripts as well as individual scripts. Fanita: Richard suggested that we have a debate, but the only thing I do have to say is I am so fortunate that nobody ever cured me of my script! I think that many of our misunderstandings relate to the use of the word script, because I do agree with everything that people have said, including Richard, who defines scripts differently than I do. I wrote an article in the Transactional Analysis Journal titled Let's Not Call It Script When It Ain't; for can i write American University me, script is article writing in english Rosseau College, something completely different than the speakers have described today. Richard: I just had a fond memory of 35 years ago when you and I were walking all night long through Washington, DC, having this same argument.

Richard: It was a beautiful summer night as we walked through the memorials in Washington arguing about the definition of life scripts. My quandary was: Is the concept of script that we use the same as Berne originally used it? As Fritz Perls used it? As they borrowed the concept from Alfred Adler? Those definitions imply that script is that which inhibits spontaneity and limits flexibility in problem solving, health maintenance, and relationships with people. In that case, we are talking about script as something that limits a person. People also have a frame of reference, which is the term for what I think you are talking about, Fanita. We all have a frame of reference. We have our family culture. We have our national culture.

We have our own religious or spiritual cultureЂ”some of us are multicultural. Does adherence to the proclivities of our culture(s) limit our spontaneity in problem solving, in essays Robert University health maintenance, and article writing Rosseau, relationships with people? When I hear you Fanita, I think you are talking about Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), opening the frame of reference, using the culture, owning those possibilities and potentials. When I think about article in english, life scripts, I am thinking about what inhibits and essay Istituto Marangoni Milano, limits a person. Fanita: I must answer: For instance, there are survival conclusions, as I call them, which are inserts in the personality that are negative, although their original function was hopeful. Article Writing Rosseau Lake College. There are decisions and other issues that are embedded sometimes in script. For me the script is Millfield, creative: It is in the DNA, it is the article in english Lake College, mystery of who I am, of prompts School, how I am developing, of how I am trying to in english Lake, grow, of who I am trying to be, and of what I am trying to achieve. That is what I mean by script. The script is an ongoing narrative. While I agree with Berne that it starts very early, at age five, and where write an essay online Preparatory School, that even some of the structure of script is started in early childhood, I believe that children have tremendous stuff that is going on in the unconscious to create their story.

So this for me, this is article writing in english Rosseau Lake, script. I want to add one more very important thing; I met Eric Berne in 1964, having only read Transactional Analysis in Psychotherapy (Berne, 1961) and Games People Play (Berne, 1964), which had just appeared. Much of my contact with Berne involved arguing. I guess there is something about Milano, my childhood and the need to Rosseau, fight. Back then he would deal with my Child ego state and not with my Adult ego state. His attitude then was, Don't bother with script.

There is much to do in treatment without bothering with script. That attitude of can i write an essay American University School, Berne's has influenced me. Resi: I want to contribute to this discussion by writing Rosseau mentioning the concept of repetition compulsion, which I think Berne had in mind when he created the idea of script. We have to rethink the concept of repetition compulsion. We have to challenge this idea so that we can distinguish what people repeat from what they do not repeat, which is equally important. Maybe our worst experiences in life are the ones that are most influencing in a positive way. Richard: May I suggest an additional way to think about where can i an essay University, repetition compulsion? When I think of the concept from a phenomenological and relational perspective, repetition compulsion is not a compulsion to repeat the pain but rather simply an attempt to repeat an experience with the desire to repair and resolve the pain.

Marye: When you were talking about repetition, I was also thinking in terms of in english College, what the repetition means to the person. That would fit with your understanding of the person's own narrative. There is often the search for resolution in what clients are trying to tell us, in what the person gives to his or her beliefs or actions. Are they telling themselves I can never do this, I am no good, or I am clumsy? Fanita, what do you do with the negative messages, the negative frames of reference that people have? Fanita: I work with the negative message and I don't bother with thinking about script and getting out of writing at masters Istituto Milano, negative messages. Marye: In the writing Rosseau Lake, way you define script, I can understand that. Richard: Jo, I am interested in hearing from you, because Marye, in her speech, was talking about an empathy Istituto Marangoni, script beliefs and the script system and yet in your talk you said that changing script beliefs does not seem to change anything. Would you elaborate on in english Lake, that more.

Why have you taken that position? Jo: I think we have the whole thing upside down when we think of development as an individual process, as Berne did at the time he was writing. From this perspective, intrapsychic processes are primary and an mba University Lowell — UMass Lowell, generate the interpersonal realm. However, these days we mostly agree that development is a relational process. Article Rosseau Lake College. It follows that script processes originate in the interpersonal realm. (NAVITAS). Traditionally, transactional analysts have focused on intrapsychic processes: digging up the client's script beliefs and making redecisions. The script diagram implies that beliefs produce feelings and behaviors. I would put it the other way around, suggesting that change begins with a focus on writing in english Rosseau Lake College, interpersonal experience in the present rather than trying to change the client's intrapsychic beliefs. I think fundamental change requires an emotionally transformative relationship. The other point I want to writing for essays School, make concerns the idea that the mind is embodied.

From a Cartesian perspective, we assumed that thoughts and feelings were separate. These days neuroscience tells us that thoughts are anchored in feelings, suggesting that change happens at the level of bodily affective experience, not by challenging cognitive beliefs. So I think we need to in english Lake College, attend to the client's nonverbal transactions and applications Academy, feelings in the present rather than to cognitive decisions made in the past. Richard: That is not how it was meant in article writing my writing about the script system. The script beliefs, behaviors, fantasies, and physiological reactions are a reflection and an expression of what is writing essays Gordon University, going on unconsciously as a result of writing in english Rosseau College, all of those intersubjective experiences we have had throughout our lifetime. So the script is really a crystallization of hundreds and hundreds of interpersonal experiences.

The script beliefs are a condensation of the person's narrative. Resi: When I was listening to your presentations, I was thinking that we were addressing the descriptive writing essays Gordon University, script from three different points of article in english Lake College, view. Gordon. In your book chapter, Jo (Stuthridge, 2010), you were talking about the article writing in english Lake College, differences between I and Me. So you were especially talking about the I. How can you create an I, which is a form to writing for college Fryeburg Academy, integrate and article writing Rosseau, connect different parts of the how to Lowell — UMass (Navitas), self? I was also thinking that we are talking about the article writing in english, different needs in each of essays for college applications Fryeburg, our lives. It is important to understand the relationship between an individual's needs and article writing in english Lake College, the needs of the whole family. I think that the script system represents the person's longings and essay writing at masters level Milano, needs.

Fanita: I love this distinction: There is Rosseau, me suffering, there is me feeling exalted and triumphant. Resi, you pointed out in your writing the essays applications Fryeburg Academy, connection between script and identity, which was enlightening to me because script really has to do with identity. May I be biographical in terms of my identity? My identity started as a child on the streets of Istanbul. I received a confusing, overt message from in english, my father: When you grow up, you have to find a way to earn your living.

This was quite a startling message, a useful one and where write online, a good one. You can call it an writing College, injunction or whatever you want to call it. There I was, wondering, How am I going to earn my living when I grow up? The models I had at that time were only school teachers and nurses. I did not want to be a school teacher. I did not want to be a nurse. I did not want to be a maid or a governess. I could also see another wonderful modelЂ”a gypsy on the street.

It is only because I saw it with my child's eye that I was able to grasp it and take it as my identity. I took the idea of the gypsy as my identity. I could not even begin to write an empathy essay Marangoni Paris, think about the real lives of gypsies. For me, a gypsy was a free woman who could say and do anything she wanted and who knew your fortune when she looked at your palm, so she knew how to article in english, earn a living. She wore powerful clothes, she could say and do anything, and writing Millfield School, she could buy all the sweets she wanted to on the streets. That is quite an identity. Fortunately, I took on this identity, which has enabled me to article in english Rosseau Lake College, travel and do workshops all over Europe.

Jo: When I listen to this dialogue, I notice that we use different words, like script, stories, or frame of reference, and I wonder if we are talking about a kind of continuum. At one end of this continuum, a script can be rigid and restrictive, while at essay University Lowell Lowell, the other, a script can be fluid and flexibleЂ”like a story that is continuously retold and changes over time. Article. I think we use scripts to make sense of write Istituto Marangoni, experience; however, life is constantly changing. There was an idea throughout the new book (Erskine, 2010) that script operates like a nonlinear system. We might start to think of script as a process and something that is continually evolving and changing so that yesterday's healthy, flexible life script, unless it is updated by new experience, will become tomorrow's defensive or rigid script. Jeremy Holmes uses the article writing, terms story-making and story-breaking to describe this dialectical tension. Scripting is a constant process of disintegration and integration, making new stories and dispersing them in light of new experiences. I suggest we retain the word script to represent the whole continuum. Richard: Back in the 1920s, when Alfred Adler broke with Freud in disagreement over Freud's drive theory, Adler talked about the importance of people telling their story to overcome what he called a personal inferiority.

He suggested that people stay in analysis long enough that they could tell their entire life story in detail at least three different times. What he listened for was how the telling of the story changedЂ”not the content, not the facts, but the emotional valence, the emotional thrust of the how to write an mba essay of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell (Navitas), story. The person's body language will be different by writing Rosseau Lake the third telling than it was in the first telling. How To Write An Empathy Marangoni Paris. Without using the word narrative, Adler wisely created an analysis of the narrative. Fanita: I want to go back RosemaryЂ”to your identifying place, objects, and culture as different aspects of the Rosseau College, script, regardless of how we define script.

For me, looking at the sea is a source of great consolation, but for someone else, looking at the mountains might be a source of consolation. For Essays. The mountains don't do anything for me; they are pretty and lovely, but they don't touch me as the sea does. Writing Lake. I have discovered in the course of writing essays University, meeting many people that every one of article in english Rosseau, us has this yearning for descriptive writing essays University location. Another word I would like to add to our talk about script is yearning, whether you talk about it negatively or positivelyЂ”a suffering script or a happy scriptЂ”script always has the element of yearning or wanting or looking or hoping. Richard: Fanita, I wish we had another word for what you call a happy script. I have thought for article writing Rosseau Lake a long time about a better term for what you call script.

I use the term frame of reference. I think that what you are doing is looking at descriptive writing Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), peoples' potential. You are looking at those hidden talents, the unexpressed creativity and writing College, the desire to grow, the descriptive writing University, person's expansive fantasies. When I observe you in a workshop with professional psychotherapists, I see you enhancing and building on each person's potential. In my clinical practice, I work with clients who have been neglected for many years, who have been beaten when they were a child by the people they depended on, who have been sexually abused, who have been humiliated through school. Their painful stories are held tightly in their bodies.

For many of article in english Rosseau Lake, these clients, their story is not conscious when they enter therapy. Often it is not conscious because no one has ever engaged them in a discussion about their experiences. Nobody was there at bedtime to ask them what they felt or after school to at masters level Marangoni, ask about what happened duriing their school-day. This is why I define script as I do. I would love to spend all of my time on creativity, but I can't get to the creativity while I am still dealing with that pool of pain that is deep inside my client's body. Rosemary: I have the pleasure of article writing Rosseau Lake College, working as a coach, and in doing so I talk about writing School, recognizing, releasing, and realizing potential, which I think is Lake College, what you have been talking about. I was reminded, as you talked, about that Chinese character that stands for crisisЂ”which is part of how to write Istituto Marangoni Paris, that very tough end of scriptЂ”but it also means opportunity.

Opportunity is what you have been talking about. Andersen, S. M., Chen, S. (2002). The relational self: An interpersonal social-cognitive theory. Article Writing Rosseau Lake College. Psychological Review, 109, 619-645. Baldwyn, M. W. (1997). Relational schemas and the processing of social information. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 461-484.

Berne, E. (1961). Transactional analysis in psychotherapy: A systematic individual and social psychiatry. New York, NY: Grove Press. Berne, E. (196). Writing At Masters Marangoni Milano. Games people play: The psychology of human relationships. New York, NY: Grove Press. Berne, E. Article Writing Rosseau Lake. (1966). Principles of group treatment. How To Write University Lowell — UMass. New York, NY: Grove Press. Berne, E. (1972).

What do you say after you say hello? The psychology of human destiny. New York: Grove Press. Bollas, C. (1987). The shadow of the object: Psychoanalysis of the unthought known.

New York, NY: Columbia University Press. Bowlby, J. (1979). The making and breaking of affectional bonds. London, England: Routledge. Cornell, W. (1988). Life script theory: A critical review from a developmental perspective. Article In English Lake. Transactional Analysis Journal , 18, 270-282.

Damasio, A. (1999). The feeling of what happens: Body and emotion in Robert the making of consciousness. New York, NY: Harcourt Brace Company. English, F. Rosseau College. (1972). Sleepy, spunky, and spooky: A revised second-order structural diagram and script diagram. Transactional Analysis Journal, 2 (2), 64-67. English, F. (1988). Essay At Masters. Whither scripts?

Transactional Analysis Journal, 18, 294-303. Erikson, E. (1950). Childhood and society. New York, NY: Norton. Erskine, R. G. (1980). Writing Rosseau Lake College. Script cure: Behavioral, intrapsychic and physiological. Transactional Analysis Journal, 10, 102-106. Erskine, R. G. (1997). Theories and methods of an integrative transactional analysis: A volume of selected articles. Oakland, CA: TA Press. Erskine, R. G. (2008).

Psychotherapy of unconscious experience. Transactional Analysis Journal, 38, 128-138. Erskine, R. G. (Ed.). (2010). Life scripts: A transactional analysis of unconscious relational patterns . London, England: Karnac. Erskine, R. G., Moursund, J. P. How To Essay Lowell. (1988). Integrative psychotherapy in action. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Erskine, R. G., Trautmann R. L. (1996). Methods of an integrative psychotherapy.

Transactional Analysis Journal, 26, 316-328. Erskine, R. G., Zalcman, M. J. (1979). The racket system: A model for racket analysis. Transactional Analysis Journal, 9 , 51-59. Luborsky, L., Crits-Christoph, P. Writing Rosseau Lake. (1990). Understanding transference: The CCRT (core conflictual relational theme) method. New York: Basic Books. O'Reilly-Knapp, M., Erskine, R. G. How To Essay University Of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass Lowell (Navitas). (2010).

The script system: An unconscious organization of experience. In R. G. Writing In English Lake College. Erskine (Ed.), Life scripts: A transactional analysis of unconscious relational patterns (pp. 291-308). London, England: Karnac Books. Mc Leod, J. (2004). The significance of narrative and storytelling in postpsychological counseling and psychotherapy. In A. Lieblich A., D. McAdams, R. Josselson (Eds.), Healing plots: The narrative basis of psychotherapy . Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Mischel, W., Shoda, Y. (1995). A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: Reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics and invariance in personality structure. Psychological Review, 102, 246-268. Sameroff, A. J., Ende, R. At Masters Level Istituto Marangoni. N. Article Writing Rosseau College. (Eds.). (1989). Relationship disturbances in early childhood: A developmental approach. New York, NY: Basic Books. Scilligo, P. (2009).

Analisi transazionale socio-cognitiva [Social-cognitive transactional analysis). Rome, Italy: LAS. Steiner, C. Writing Essays Robert University (NAVITAS). (1974). Scripts people live: Transactional analysis of life scripts. New York, NY: Grove Press. Stern, D. N. (1985). The interpersonal world of the writing Lake, infant: A view from psychoanalysis and developmental psychology. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Stern, D. N. (2003). How To Write An Mba University Of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass Lowell (Navitas). The present moment in psychotherapy and everyday life. New York, NY: Norton. Stuntz, E. C. (1972). Second-order structure of the parent. Transactional Analysis Journal, 2 (2), 59-61. Stuthridge, J. Article Rosseau Lake College. (2010).

Script or scripture? In R. G. Erskine (Ed.), Live scripts: A transactional analysis of unconscious relational patterns (pp. 73-100). London, England: Karnac. Tosi, M. T. Where Can I University School. (1993). Copione e cambiamento: Una prospettiva narratologica [Script and change: A narrative perspective]. Polarit , 7, 409-416. Tosi, M. T. (2009). The lived and narrated script: An ongoing narrative construction.

In R. Article In English Lake. G. Erskine (Ed.), Life scripts: A transactional analysis of unconscious relational patterns (pp. Writing For Essays Millfield. 29-54). London, England: Karnac. Woollams, S. J. (1973). Article Writing In English Lake College. Formation of the script.

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I like the one that can be formed into a carton especially. I#8217;m always surprised at how clever people can be. One caveat I think these designs would work nicely for the interview, or for a smaller firm. However, I can#8217;t imagine that any of these crafty designs would get past an ATS (Applicant Tracking System. All these resumes are truly impressive but let#8217;s face it, they aren#8217;t really functional unless for the candidates who are willing to get hired as art directors or packaging designers maybe. But for article Lake, the rest of us, we obviously need more subtle design while still being creative. Here are some great examples of CV#8217;s that are not #8220;too much#8221; but will still get you noticed: Creative Resumes. I particularly like the 7th on the list. I would have to agree with James Rich, all these resumes look great but they are hardly usable for most of us. With that said, a professional resume doesn#8217;t have to be boring.

Have a look at these Fancy CV templates. There are some brilliant ideas out there! We would like to share with our Free resume. Everything is carefully layered, so it#8217;s super easy to edit and use. https://www.behance.net/gallery/28935295/FREE-Resume-Template. Check out this resume pack I found too! Its like a crossover between something really creative and something sort of traditional.. So easy to use also.. Writing Applications Fryeburg Academy? Have a look here: https://creativemarket.com/3Angle/605445-The-Complete-Resume-Collection. You would want to have a look at http://www.cvdesigner.in to in english Rosseau, get some awesome resumes made.

They are nice but#8230;I did a those type of writing prompts for essays Millfield things in writing in english Lake the late 80#8217;s early 90#8217;s, even did one that I used the ADWEEK magazine cover but it said ADD me this WEEK designed like their logo. How To Write An Empathy Essay Istituto Paris? Todays designs should incorporate more and with new technologies, be more innovative, incorporating those elements. I try #8220;Lenka Kubisova#8221; did it#8217;s simple but so much clean and professional. I#8217;m STUNNED at article writing Lake College, the level of personal information that is shared#8230; Photos, Height, Dress preferences, Marital status#8230;. Essays Robert (NAVITAS)? You NEVER NEVER put that on a resume. It#8217;s illegal for an employer to ask for a photo (and all the other personal information) in connection with a job application so why would you include it? It might make the HR department very uncomfortable. In English Lake? You must be logged in to post a comment. Handlettering Experiments – Textures. Want to get your hands dirty exploring some analogue letter-making techniques?

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essay kingdom Animal Kingdom Essays: Similarities and Differences of article, The Animal Kingdom. November 11, 2001. There are different kinds of organism each has their own kingdom. One of which I know of for essays School, is the animal kingdom. It includes Porifera (sponges), Cnidaria, Arthropods, Annelids, vertebras, and mollusks. All the Phylum have differences and similarities between them. Article In English Rosseau College! Many living creature have a unique way of surviving which include food and how they get it what to use for protection and etc. I kind of know some stuff about each phylum like I know what kind of digestive system does it have, if its symmetric or not and etc.

Sponge are symmetrical within its shape it has a dead-end digestive system also indicates that its a choanocytes which means to Robert University (NAVITAS) capture or uses and it anchored in one spot. Jellyfish are radical symmetric and have a digestive system that are dead end. Annelids another name for worms, they are Bilateral symmetrical and they have one way digestive system. Also mollusks stands for a phylum is the arthropods they are Bilateral symmetry and have shells like the clams. Another phylum is the Arthropods they are Bilateral symmetry and have jointed appendages. In English Rosseau Lake College! Vertebrae are the phylum when the animal have a backbone and an internal skeleton. Looking between the phylum their a lot which have in common like the writing prompts for essays jellyfishes and Lake, sponges. Some of descriptive writing Robert Gordon, things that are different was about them are that the sponges are shaped as a symmetrical and jellyfishes are radical symmetrical. One of the main thing that I realize was it is totally different how they get their food and article writing Rosseau Lake, Jellyfishes are neumatocytes so they sting their prey with neurotoxins. One of the similarities between both of Robert Gordon, them are that they have a dead - end digestive system. And the difference between Arthropods and vertebrae is that the in english Rosseau arthropods have exoskeletons and vertebrae has a backbone and an internal skeleton also have jointed appendages . And the similarities are that both are bilateral and are coelom..

The different things between Arthropods and Vertebrae are that Arthropods are segmented, has a head, jointed appendages, and it is a exoskeleton also Vertebrae has a backbone, internal skeleton, and has a body cavity. The similarity between the both are that they're bilateral and are segmented. The next comparison is going to be between Annelids and Mollusks differences are that Annelids has a body cavity and the similarity are that both is bilateral, and has one-way digestive system. So those are some of the differences between the phylum. During the past weeks we have been studying different phylum. For College Applications Academy! We have been studying the different how they eat, move, reproduce, And many other features. The different phylum all share similar features while they also have their differences. There are 6 different phylum that make up the animal kingdom. Writing In English Lake! They range in writing prompts for essays Millfield School shapes and article writing Rosseau, sizes and whether or not they are stationary.

The Sponge could possibly be the simplest of the entire phylum. It is anchored in one spot and it is asymmetrical. No other phylum is asymmetrical making the sponge also unique. It is similar to the Jellyfish because they both have a dead-end digestive system. Write An Empathy Istituto! It is also different from article in english Rosseau Lake all the other phylum because it doesn't have any classes. It eats by writing Gordon University filtering the article writing Lake water and write — UMass, taking in the food and digests the food later after it has filtered it. The Cnidaria or the writing Rosseau Jellyfish is the only phylum with radial symmetry because of its round shape.

Like the sponge the jellyfish has a dead-end digestive system. It has pneumatocytes, which are used to sting the prey, so it is able to digest its prey. How To Write An Mba Lowell — UMass Lowell! The pneumatocytes is like a neuro-toxin. The jellyfish is a free roaming phylum so it is able to in english move around. Writing For Essays Millfield! The jellyfish has class hydrozoa and sea anemones. The Annelida have bilateral symmetry just like the mollusks, anthropods, and the verterbraes. Article In English College! The annelids also have a one-way digestive system like other phylum. It has a segmented anterior with 8 hearts in each. It also has a body cavity. Istituto Marangoni! The different classes of annelids are the earthworm, which has a anterior that is fatter than the article Rosseau Lake College posterior.

It lives on writing essays for college applications Academy, land and is a detritivore, The other class is the Polychaetes, which lives in the ocean and article Rosseau Lake College, has segments and is a carnivore. The Mollusks are also bilateral like the annelids. They have a good nervous system. They also have a one-way digestive system. They have a coelom like the anthropods and the vertebrates. The classes of mollusks are the bivalves, which have two valves, which the name suggests.

It has 2 shells and 3 layers also. Can I Online University Preparatory School! It has a mantle and it lives in the water. It has gills and abductor muscles. Article In English Lake! It has an excurrent and incurrent siphon, which no other phylum has. There are the gastropods, which live in land and ocean. It has one shell and one foot. There are also the cephalopods, which has tentacles a foot that can either be a sucker or hook. The Anthropods have a bilateral symmetry and have a one-way digestive system. It also has a coelom. It is segmented and has a head. For Essays Millfield School! It has jointed appendages and an exoskeleton.

The anthropods are known to have the most legs unlike any other phylum. The centipedes for writing Lake College example have 1 pair, which could have up to where can i online 100 or more legs. Writing In English Rosseau College! The anthropods are the for essays Millfield School only phylum to have 3 body parts, which are the head, abdomen, and the thorax. The Vertebrates have a bilateral symmetry like the anthropods, the mollusks, and the annelids. Writing Rosseau College! It has a one-way digestive system like the three phylum as well. It also has a coelom. Unlike any of the writing other phylum the verterbraes have a backbone and an internal skeleton. Writing Lake! The classes of the vertebrates are the amphibians, which breathe through skin and where online School, dry out easily and have simple lungs. The reptiles have thick skin or scales and have a stronger skeleton. Their lungs are also very developed.

Mammals have fur or hair and are warm-blooded and have very developed lungs. They are the only class out Rosseau Lake College of the phylum, which produce milk and how to write Lowell — UMass (Navitas), have internal fertilization. Birds have feathers and have very developed lungs. Fish have scales and gills and are cold blooded with no limbs. This shows that all the phylum have differences and similarities. They may have more differences than similarities but they have characteristics that are similar. This shows that all the phylum are not all different and shows that they have advanced while still keeping some of the article in english same traits. In this unit called Animal Kingdom, we discovered that there are many phylum and classes of the prompts animals. We did some experiments in class and writing College, took the notes. How To An Mba University Of Massachusetts! We dissected the Rosseau Lake animal to essay writing at masters Marangoni Milano find out more characteristics about the animals and to understand more about different animals.

The external structures of Rosseau, animals form by different shapes. Where Can I Write American University! We dissected the animals to see their internal structure, there are some similar and differences between different animals. After each dissection, I learned many things that I never know before about the writing in english Rosseau Lake animals. The Animal Kingdom is writing prompts for essays Millfield, one of the main courses to study. In addition, it is complicated, because some animals have the nervous system, it is complex. The lowest level called sponges. It is the article in english easiest phylum to recognize. The sponges live in the sea mostly. They anchored in one spot like the plants, but the animals do not do that, that is why most people misunderstand that sponges are plant instead of animal.

They get the dead-end digestive, which means they eat the food and excreted from the how to write essay University of Massachusetts — UMass Lowell same place. Article Writing Rosseau Lake College! They capture food with the descriptive writing Robert (NAVITAS) choanocyte cilia. There is. no class with sponges. Cnidarians are the level above sponges; they are something alike, because they both have the symmetry.

However, the symmetries are different, cnidarians got the radial symmetry, and they got the writing in english Lake College tissues. Where Write School! They capture food with their pheumatocyte. They have two classes; jellyfish and sea anemones. The shape of jellyfish is like an article writing in english College, umbrella and how to an mba (Navitas), they are free floating. The other class usual stuck up side down on writing in english Lake, the rocks, little bit as the sponges stuck in writing prompts for essays Millfield one spot.

The next phylum called annelids. They got the bilateral symmetry and segmented. The annelids got the different digestive than the other two phyla above, which is one way digestive. That means that all the food goes to different place than the waste product. They have the body cavity.

Annelids categorized into writing Rosseau Lake College, three classes, the earthworm, polychaetes, and clamworms. Most of the polychates live in the marine; there are limbs on their segments. Writing Essays Gordon University! The earthworms live in the land, and they got the article Rosseau Lake College fatter anterior. The segments of the clam worms are arrange. Descriptive Writing Essays Robert (NAVITAS)! They are longer than other two classes. The mollusks are the only phylum of coelomade without segment bodies; they got the symmetry as the annelids do. In addition, they got the one-way digestive system. The mollusks have good nervous system and cell. They also got the visceral mass, foot and article in english Rosseau College, head for the distinct systems. That is one of the differences from the annelids obviously.

The mollusks categorized into three classes, bivalves, gastropods and cephalopods. Prompts Millfield School! The bivalves (clam) have two valves and three layers. The gastropods (stomach foot) mostly like snails. They live on land. Article College! The last class got tentacle and arms or foot. They live in descriptive Robert University marine. Arthropods got the bilateral symmetry, too, and one-way digestive system. Their bodies are segment, head and two more thing that havenЎ¦t appear from the phyla above, they are jointed appendages, and exoskeletons. The arthropods have more classes than other phyla. Article In English Rosseau Lake College! They got seven classes- millipedes, have two pairs of legs for each segment; sea spider; centipedes, one pair of how to write an empathy, legs for article in english Rosseau each segment (about 100 legs); insects, have the complex, and most diverse, and three body parts; arachnids, are carnivores, and have three body parts and eight legs; crustaceans, have the thick exoskeleton; and horseshoe crabs.

All of them can walk. Last but no lease, we have vertebrates. This phylum got the bilateral symmetry, and one-way digestive system, but there is something that is not from above, they got backbones and internal skeleton. There are five classes in vertebrates; amphibians, reptiles, avian (bird), mammal, and descriptive Robert University, fish. The amphibians dry out easily so they have to stay in water, the breath thought skin, they lay eggs and simple lungs. The reptiles have the thick skin, and stronger skeleton. The avian got the feather to keep them warm that is why they are warm blood. Article Writing In English Rosseau! The mammal got the hair instead of feather, they also warm blood, and they are the only class, which produce milk. Essays For College Applications Fryeburg Academy! The last class, fish, has scale and gills.

They are cold blood, and lay eggs. We learn many things form this unit, something that I never know or learn before. Article In English Lake College! It is somewhat hard for me to understand all of them, but I learned some now. There are some things that they have in common, but lots differences. It was somewhat nauseated to how to write an mba essay of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas) dissect the animals such as frogs and the earthworms.

However, we did learn lot from the dissections. We know that there are not only lungs inside of article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, them, also the Marangoni nervous systems and the earthworms have eight hearts. Different phyla have different characteristics and classes. This is the most complex group and it is Rosseau Lake, difficult, too. In the last until, we learn about the animal Kingdom. In the class I learn a lot new knowledge about the Fryeburg Academy animal kingdom. And I feel the animal's body is kind of apprehend, because their body is writing Rosseau Lake College, ugly, it makes you utter. And also we had finish some lad during the until, like Sponges, Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, Vertebras. In the Annelids, there is writing essays for college applications Fryeburg Academy, a class call earthworm. Also we did a lab on article writing in english, The worm too, the main characteristic of the segmented worm is the Robert Gordon University external and the internal division of the body into segments. The worm has a body of about 150 segment and it also has a sharply reduced head.

And the worm exhibits the typical annelid excretory system the methane phrasing. The Cnidarians (jellyfish), the jellyfish are the dead end system. When The jellyfish try to catch the food, and it will using their leg to article writing in english Lake faint The food and move the food to the top of the body, because their mouth are In the above their head. When the jellyfish turn the body the upside down It call the sea anemones, because it looks like a anemones. The mollusks, all the mollusks are one-way digestive system and how to write an mba Lowell Lowell (Navitas), there had a good Nervous The there is some classes, like snails, gastropods, cephalopods. Article In English College! And all Are living in the land, ocean, fresh water, and most of them had shell. The vertebras, are the essays Fryeburg one-way digestive system, they had the internal skeleton, And it there is some class in it, like amphibians, reptiles, Aries(bird) Mammals and fish. The amphibians are dry out easily layers. And most fish Kind of scales, gill, and they blood is article writing Rosseau College, cold. The they eggs are lay eggs.

In the until I had learn a lot about the essay writing level Istituto Marangoni Milano animal kingdom. And It is fun And I can see a lot new stuff are going on. In the last until, we learn about the in english Rosseau Lake animal Kingdom. In the class I learn a lot about the animal kingdom. And I feel the animals body is kind of apprehend, because their body is writing Millfield School, ugly, it makes you utter. And also we had finish some lad during the article in english Rosseau Lake College until, like Sponges, Cnidarians,Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, Vertebras. The Annelids,they move by detecting its light source.They have bilateral symmetry, because you could see the anterior and how to an empathy Paris, posterior very clearly shown on Lake, its body structure.

And they have a shaped body, they are the one-way digestive system. there is a heart in Millfield School which of the segments expect for the anterior and digestive parts, because they need room for it. College! The cnidarians (jellyfish), the jellyfish are the dead end system. they live under water. And they float around in the water. They have a radial symmetry system. and it just like the sponges, everything comes the same way as the out way. when the jellyfish turn their body up side down it calls sea annemies. The mollusks, all the mollusks are one-way D.S and they live under the ocean and lands. and they had a bilateralo symmetry shaped body. mollusks have body cavity and can i write American University Preparatory, have a ture coemlom. They also have a more advance nervous on it's sied. In the article writing Rosseau Lake College shells, there are three body parts: foot head and visceral mass. In the mollusk there is a class nameclams they have three layer called the organic layer, middle layer and at masters level Istituto Marangoni Milano, the mother layer.

The clams captures it's prey but sticking its siphom above the surface of the sand. As the writing Rosseau water comes, it uses its siphom to suck in the water. When the where write online American University Preparatory School water is suck in, it separates the food from the water. The vertebras, are the article writing in english Lake College one-way D.S, they had the internal skeleton,And it there is some class in it, like amphibians, reptiles, Aries(bird)Mammals and fish. Essay Istituto! The amphibians are dry out easily layers. And most fish Kind of scales, gill, and they blood is cold. The they eggs are lay eggs. The anthropods, it have most claases. Article Writing Rosseau Lake College! It found in any where of your life. It had a one-way system and it had a bilateral symmetry. IT also had segmented body.

Anthropods have jouned appendages . Anthropods are moe develp and they have a shell that grows out of its body call exoskeleton. and it have a total of seven different classes. Like millipedes, centipedes, scorpions, spiders, horseshoe crabs, crustaceans, sea spiders and insecta. In the until I had learn a lot about the animal kingdom. The most intersesting thing about this unial are the calls and the different group.And It is fun. And I can see a lot new stuff are going on. Over the past weeks, we have observed many different types of Phylum, For example: The Sponge, it's a asymmetrical, dead-and digestive system, choanocyte (cilia), anchored, no body cavity. I would compare the sponge with the (Nidarian) which is in the jellyfish class.

The first similarity between the sponge, Jellyfish (Nidarian) is the both the sponge and the Jellyfish (Nidarian) has dead end digestive system, and difference between them is that the Jellyfish (Nidarian) and how to write essay Istituto Marangoni Paris, the Sponge is article writing Rosseau Lake, that it has a (asymmetrical) and writing for college, the Jellyfish (Nidarian) has a radial symmetrical. A Nidarian has a couple of description that would easily describe the Nidarian and they are: Float, bellshape, translocent (Upsidedown Jellyfish) not clear, attached to rocks. Another Class I would Compare and article Rosseau, contrast is the Annelids (worms) the Annelids have a bilateral symmetry one-way digestive system, distinctive head and posterior, body cavity, which is in the Earthworm class. I would compare this with the Mollusk, which is in the Bivalves class. A similarity would be that both Annelids and Mollusk has a bilateral symmetry and a one-way digestive systems. Descriptive Writing Robert Gordon University! And a Difference would be that a Annelid has a distinctive head and a mollusk has a visceral mass. Some description for the mollusk is article writing in english, that it has 2 shells (values)-3 layers, siphone gills mantle, abductive muscles planktawors (omnivores) hinge ligament, that was the description for the mollusk, and of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell (Navitas), here is the description for article the Annelids, it has Detritarvores, no limbs, land marine, limbs on ligament, carnivores. So in conclusion the animal kingdom may have many classes but it also has many differences and of course similarities because it did come from the same root. Writing Istituto Milano! They may look different and many different features and when I mean features I mean different each animal from each class can do to survive. When you think of the word animal, the first thing that pops into your head are warm blooded animals. Writing In English Lake! Most people do think that.

Actually, the animal kingdom is divided into prompts School, six phylums: sponges, cnidarians (jelly fish), annelids (worms), mollusks, arthropods, and article in english Lake College, vertebrates. Within these phylums, are the different classes of each group. Each group of animals share the same characteristics or features, that's how they are classified. Even though they are all different, some do share the same characteristics. In the following paragraphs, you will learn more about each phylum and their characteristics. Write An Empathy Istituto Paris! Also, you will see the similarities between each group. The first phylum is the sponges. They have an asymmetrical body, which means they are not symmetrical. Writing In English! Sponges have a dead-end digestive system, which means they take in their food and dispose their waste from the same hole or body part.

One thing that makes sponges stand out from for college other animals is article writing in english Lake, that they do not contain body organs. Another thing is descriptive (NAVITAS), that they are anchored to the ground. So basically, they have to wait until food comes to them. Sponges have choanocytes, also known as cilia, and they use that to grab and capture their food with. The second phylum is the cnidarians (jelly fish). They have a radical symmetry, which is circular. That is how their body is shaped. They, like the sponges have a dead-end digestive system. These animals have tentacles, which they use to capture food with.

That is another thing they have in common with the sponges, they both have something to writing in english Lake capture food with Within those tentacles are pheumatocytes or stingers and they contain neurotoxin. In this phylum, there are two classes: jelly fish and anthozoam (sea anemone). Jellyfishes have a clear, bell shaped body and they float. On the other hand, sea anemones are an upside down jellyfish. They are not dear and are attached to the rocks, not floating around like the jellyfish.

The third phylum is the annelids (worms). They have a bilateral symmetry, and a one-way digestive system, which means they eat through their mouth and waste comes out through their anus. The head region of annelids is how to an mba essay University — UMass (Navitas), called the anterior, and the end is called the posterior. Rosseau College! Annelids do have a body cavity, digestive system, as well as a nervous system. Where Can I An Essay Online Preparatory School! There are two classes: earthworms and Polychaeta. The earthworms are detritivores; they eat decomposed things in the mud (they take it all in, including the mud).

They are terrestrial and have no limbs, where the polychaets do. They have limbs on each of its segments. They're also marine animals and are carnivores. The fourth phylum is the mollusks. They have a bilateral symmetry and a one-way digestive system, like the Rosseau Lake College annelids. Mollusks have a three-part body plan: the foot, the visceral mass, and the head. They also are the first group of writing University, animals to have developed a coelom, which is a fluid and article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, filled body cavity that is developed within the mesoderm. This group is write an essay School, separated into three classes: bivalves, gastropods, and cephalopods. Article Writing In English Rosseau College! Bivalves, like the for essays clam have two shells or valves and three layers. These animals are omnivores (planktavores), and article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, have a mantle, abductor muscles, siphons and descriptive Robert (NAVITAS), gills. An example of a gastropod is snails and Lake College, they live anywhere.

Obviously, they have one shell and also include gills and lungs. Where Can I Write An Essay American University! The last class is cephalopod and an example of that are squids and octopuses. They have gills like the article in english Rosseau rest of them and a mantle like the where can i American University clams. These animals are the only ones in this phylum that have arms, tentacles and article in english College, suckers. The fifth phylum is the arthropods. They, like the annelids and mollusks have both a bilateral symmetry and a one-way digestive system. Their body plan contains segmented parts, jointed appendages, a head, and an exoskeleton. This phylum has the writing Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) largest number of classes out of the six phylums. There are a total of seven classes: millipedes, centipedes, insects, crustaceans, arachnids, horseshoe crab, and sea spider.

The millipedes are similar to the centipedes except that millipedes have two pairs of legs on each segment instead of one, which the centipedes have. Also millipedes are herbivores and centipedes are carnivores. The next class is the insects and their body has three parts: head, thorax, and article Lake, abdomen. They have six legs on writing prompts for essays Millfield School, the thorax. Crustaceans have legs on the thorax and abdomen. An example of an arachnid is writing in english Lake, a spider and they have eight legs and 2-part body: head and abdomen. Arachnids are carnivores, like the centipedes. The horseshoe crab gets its named from descriptive writing University its horseshoe shaped head. The sea spider injects digestive enzymes into its prey, before devouring it, same with the scorpion.

The last phylum is the vertebrates. They are similar to the annelids, mollusks and arthropods because they all have a bilateral symmetry and a oneway digestive system. They also have a coelom like the article Rosseau Lake mollusks. All vertebrates have a spinal cord. Vertebrates are divided into 5 classes: fishes, amphibians, reptiles, avies (birds), and mammals. The first four classes all can lay eggs while mammals have internal fertilization. Fishes are marine animals so they have dorsal and ventral fins, gills and two pairs of limbs. Amphibians and reptiles are both cold-blooded animals. Their skin is Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), different; amphibians have thin skin and reptiles have scales.

Avies and mammals are warm-blooded animals. Mammals have fur or hair and produce milk. Avies have feathers and two pairs of article Rosseau, limbs. As you can see, the animal kingdom is writing essays Robert, divided into many different classes and Rosseau Lake, species. As you've read, four phylums out of the six do share the same characteristics: bilateral symmetry and a one-way digestive system. They look and take on different forms but still have something in common. Each group of prompts, animals has something that makes them an animal and not something else. So basically, the animal kingdom is made up of a diverse group of species. The animal kingdom is Lake, divided into many different phyla, but we covered only writing prompts for essays Millfield School, six of writing, them. Essays! They are the sponges, cnidarians (jelly fish), annelids (worms), mollusks, arthropods, and vertebrates. Within these phyla, the animals do share similar characteristics but they also have things that make them stand out from article Rosseau Lake others.

Like for instance, they may share the same body parts and/or structure, their digestive systems, how they get food, etc. What can make an animal stand out from others are their body shape or extra things they have in or attached to their bodies. Those aren't the only two things, there are many others as well. Essays For College Applications Academy! Further in, I will discuss some of these similarities and writing in english Rosseau College, differences. Sponges are the only animals within these six groups that have an asymmetrical body. Writing Prompts Millfield School! Also, they are the article writing Rosseau only animals that don't have any organs. Even though cnidarians have a radical symmetry, they do have something in common with the where can i write an essay American sponges. They both have something that they use to capture food with Sponges have choanocytes or cilia, which grabs and article in english Lake, captures food. Essay At Masters Istituto Marangoni! Cnidarians have tentacles with neumatocytes or stingers and in those stingers are neurotoxins.

The annelids, mollusks, arthropods and writing in english Rosseau Lake, vertebrates all have a bilateral symmetry. Every animal in the animal kingdom has a digestive system, whether it's a dead end or a one way. In these six groups, two of them have a dead end digestive system, which means they take in their food and dispose their waste from the same hole or body part. They are the sponges and the cnidarians The rest of them, the annelids, mollusks, arthropods, and the vertebrates have a one-way digestive system, which means they eat through their mouth and waste comes out through their anus. Each animal's body plan is descriptive writing essays, different from another, of course. Like I mentioned before, sponges have no organs so they don't have any body cavity. Cnidarian's body plan is basically clear, they have a bell shaped body, and float around. The annelids has two parts: the anterior which is the head and the posterior which is the back and they're also segmented. Rosseau! Mollusks consist of a apart body plan: the foot, the visceral mass, and the head. Level Istituto Marangoni! Arthropods are segmented, just like the annelids, they have jointed appendages, a head and article in english, a exoskeleton.

All vertebrates have a spinal cord so they have a skeleton. You can see how no animal is the same as another. Another thing sponges have in common with cnidarians are that they are anchored onto something. How To Write An Mba Essay — UMass (Navitas)! I did mention that jellyfishes do float but I'm talking about article College, another species, which falls under cnidarians called sea anemones. They are upside down jellyfishes, which are attached to rocks, just like how sponges are. Also mollusks and vertebrates have a true coelom. One last thing that all of these animals within the groups have in common is that they are multicellular. As you've just read, you can see how different each animal is from another but yet, they do have things in common you won't normally see on the outside.

They may look and take on different forms but still have something in common. This whole unit was very interesting to me. We did many dissections of animals from a group in the animal kingdom so we could get a better sense of what their body is like. These six phyla are already complicated and I can't believe there are actually more. But I did learn a lot. So basically, the animal is made up of a diverse group of species. In the animal kingdom, all the creatures can be divided up by many different factors. One is by descriptive essays Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) species, which can be easily identified by their similar body design. Another is by their position on the food chain. Creatures of the same species can also be on article writing in english Rosseau, different positions on that chain.

Finally, the members of each species can be separated by their phylum. I only studied several different types of essays applications Fryeburg, animals in the animal kingdom, so those are the article writing College only ones that I'm going to write about. One of the for college Fryeburg Academy species is writing College, called sponges. Writing Prompts Millfield School! These creatures are very different from all other animals because they do not move and are asymmetrical. The only article in english College, similarity that allowed this creature to fit in the animal kingdom was the fact that could not produce its own energy.

The sponge gets its energy by sucking in the water though the opening on the top section of its body. It then filters out tiny food particles using cells inside it's body cavity called choanocyte. The food particles are then absorbed directly into it's cells. After that, the writing applications Academy waste particles leave through the same opening using the dead end digestive system. The sponge has no organs, teeth, and Rosseau, is asymmetrical. The second species is called the cnidarians. These are split up into two main classes: jellyfish and sea anemone. The jellyfish has more characteristics that resemble an animal than the sponge. One major thing is where can i an essay American School, that it can move, however slightly. Another is that the jellyfish would capture its prey, instead of filter it out of the water. The jellyfish captures its prey live by snatching it using the tentacles it has on its body.

The tentacles are a form of limb, another improvement over writing in english Lake College, the sponges. Write An Empathy Essay Istituto! On each of the tentacles there are pneumatocytes, which are stingers that inject a neurotoxin into the victim. The toxin shuts down the victim's nervous system, which allows this animal to draw it up into writing College, its mouth. Writing For Essays! After the jellyfish is done, the waste is tossed back out of the opening. The sea anemone is almost identical to the jellyfish, except that is it attached to the sea floor. The next species is annelids. They are mostly detrivores, which are decomposers. Annelids have bilateral symmetry, demonstrating that they are one of the more advanced species in Rosseau Lake comparison to cnidarians and sponges. Because of their bilateral symmetry, they have a distinctive head and essay writing Marangoni Milano, posterior, allowing them to have a one way digestive system.

One member of the annelids is the polychaethes. Unlike the article in english Rosseau Lake College rest of the annelids, the polychaetes have limbs on each segment and are carnivores. Mollusks are another species in the animal kingdom. They have bilateral symmetry, one way digestive system, and a foot, which is an advancement over the annelids. Writing For College Applications Fryeburg! They have a head, a visceral mass, and a coelum. Mollusks are split into College, three main groups: bivalves, gastropods, and cephalopods. The characteristics of writing, bivalves are that they have two shells (valves), three layers for article writing Lake each shell, and have muscles. Writing Millfield! Gastropods have one shell and can be identified as the writing in english Lake College normal garden snail. They live almost everywhere. Cephalopods look slightly different from the other two classes.

They are identified as squids and octopuses. Arthropods are another species. These have many variations and classes. How To An Empathy Marangoni! They are very advanced and have most of the writing in english Rosseau above characteristics, except they are segmented, have jointed appendages (allowing for increased movement), and an exoskeleton. Some examples of arthropods are millipedes, centipedes, insects, crustaceans, arachnids, sea spiders, and descriptive writing essays Robert University (NAVITAS), horseshoe crabs. Millipedes are almost the same as centipedes, except centipedes are carnivores and millipedes have twice as many legs. Insects have six legs, a head, thorax and an abdomen. Crustaceans have legs attached to their thorax and article writing in english Lake, abdomen and also have a head. Arachnids have eight legs and their head is fused with their thorax, making a cephlathorax. These creatures are carnivores. The sea spider is similar to arachnids with the only difference being that they live in the water.

Horseshoe crabs are identified by their horseshoe shaped head. The last group is called the writing for college Academy vertebrates. They are the most advanced of the animal kingdom. They have bilateral symmetry, a one way digestive system, a coelom and also have a backbone. Rosseau Lake! They are identified as fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and birds.

Fish, amphibians, and reptiles are cold-blooded and lay eggs. The birds and warm-blooded, but also lay eggs and are one of the few animals that can fly. The mammals have fur, are warm-blooded and writing Millfield, birth live young. In conclusion, members of the animal kingdom are extremely diverse, yet some share similar characteristics. Article Writing In English Rosseau Lake! These similarities between species allow them to be identified as animals rather than other life forms on this planet. Evolution has altered the how to — UMass (Navitas) lives on this planet, yielding an abundance of diversity among all of the Earth's inhabitants. The Animal Kingdom is very diverse. There are various phyla with different animals and article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, several species. All phyla have different characteristics about them. Writing For College Academy! Like what kind of symmetry, are they segmented, do they have a body cavity, an organ system, do they have eyes, what kind of skeletal system, etc. In my essay, I will be talking about six different animal kingdom phyla.

I will be talking about Sponges, Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusk, Arthropods, and Chordates (Vertebrates). The Sponges is the smallest and least complex. Sponges are found under water. Sponges are asymmetric because there are many shapes. Sponges are multicellularity because they have a lot of writing in english Lake, cells.

They also have a dead end digestive which means that food comes in and goes out the same hole. Write An Mba University Of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell! The sponges use there choanocytes (cilia) to catch the plankton and other important food stuff. Sponges are attached to the substrate(ground) and are not mobile(doesn't move). All the other categories are mobile. One of the animals in in english Rosseau College the phyla sponges is the writing at masters Marangoni Choanocytes. The Cnidarians are also least complex but more complex than Sponges. Cnidarians are also found under water also. Cnidarians are Radial Symmetric because they are round. Cnidarians are multicellularity because they have many cells. Cnidarians have a dead end digestive system.

Cnidarians are mobile and can move around. Writing Rosseau Lake! They have tentacles(strings) that give out nematocysts (neurotoxins) that stings the prey so they can't move. That is how they eat. Some of the types animals in an empathy essay Istituto Marangoni this phyla is writing Rosseau Lake College, Jelly Fish, Sea Anemones, Nematocyst, Anthozoans, Corals, and Scyphozoans. The Annelids are pretty complex. Annelids are land dwellers and are terrestrial (crawls).

Annelids are bilateral symmetric which means that it has a anterior(head) and a posteriors(head). Where Can I An Essay Online! Annelids are segmented which means that the segments toward the head are hearts that are copied and the segments toward then tail are the digestive system copied. Article Lake! This is an empathy essay Istituto, like this so if the worm loses one of its segments its life could still go on because there are many replicas. Annelids have multi cells which make up there tissues. These tissues make up there body cavity. In the body cavity there is a circulatory(organs) system. Annelids have a one way digestive system which means that the mouth is separate from the anus. Annelids are mobile. Article Writing Rosseau Lake! Annelids have setae which is external bristles.

Some of the types animals in this phyla is Earthworms and how to write essay Lowell Lowell (Navitas), Polychaetes. The Mollusks are also pretty complex. Mollusks live under water. Mollusks are bilateral symmetric. Article Writing Lake! Mollusks have a three part body plan . The three parts are the visceral mass- foot- and head. The visceral mass is the for essays Millfield section in the center that has the body's organs. The foot is used as an anchor for the mollusk to stay in one place.

Mollusks have multi cells which make up there tissues. These tissues make up there body cavity. The body cavity has the article Lake nervous(nerves), circulatory (organs), digestive, and an mba University of Massachusetts — UMass (Navitas), reproductive (reproducing) systems. Mollusks have a true coelom which means that it is a fluid and filled body cavity developed entirely within the mesoderm.. Mollusks have a one way digestive system. Mollusks have very simple eyes. They are the article Rosseau Lake College first group we looked at to have eyes.

Mollusks are mobile. Some types of animals in this phyla is Anthozoans, Cephalopoda, Gastropoda, and Bivalvia. The Arthropods is the most complex because the are thousands of animals and thousands of species. Arthropods are found all over the world. Arthropods are bilateral symmetric. Arthropods are segmented.

Arthropods have multi cells which make up there tissues. These tissues make up there body cavity. In the body cavity there is the circulative, complex nervous, digestive, reproductive, and a very developed visual system. Arthropods have a true coelom. Arthropods have a one way digestive system. Arthropods have compound eyes. Compound eyes are a lot of single eyes all in one. Arthropods have jointed appendages. Robert Gordon University! Jointed appendages are two bones that are put together by muscles that make them move.

Arthropods have a exoskeleton. Exoskeleton is the writing College skeleton that is on the outside. Arthropods are mobile. Arthropods have a lot of legs. Arthropods have a head with an antenna and how to an empathy essay Marangoni Paris, all there eyes or compound eye. Some of the article Lake College types of animals in essay writing Milano this phyla is Arachinida, Centipedes, Chilopoda, Crustacea, Diplopoda, Insecta, Millipedes, Sea Spiders, and Horseshoe Crab. The Chordates (Vertebrates) is also one of the most complex phyla because they have humans in it. Chordates is bilateral symmetric. In English Lake College! Chordates have multi cells that make up the tissues. The tissues make up the body cavity.

Chordates have complex circulative, nervous, digestive, reproductive, and visual. Chordates have a true coelom. Chordates have very advanced eyes. Chordates have jointed appendages. Chordates have an descriptive writing Robert University, internal skeleton. A internal skeleton means that the skeleton is article writing in english Rosseau Lake, inside the body.

Chordates are mobile. Chordates have head and how to write University Lowell — UMass Lowell, feet. Some of the article writing types of animals in the phyla are Amphibians, Avies, Humans, Mammals, Pisces, and Reptiles. Kura L. For Essays! Cohen Revision 1. The Animal Kingdom is very diverse. There are various phylas with different animals and several species. All phylas have different characteristics about them. Like what kind of article writing Lake, symmetry, are they segmented, do they have a body cavity, an organ system, do they have eyes, what kind of skeletal system, etc. In my essay, I will be talking about writing at masters level Istituto Marangoni Milano, six different animal kingdom phylas. I will be talking about Sponges, Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusk, Arthropods, and Chordates (Vertebrates).

The Sponges is the smallest and article writing in english Rosseau College, least complex. Sponges are found under water. Sponges are asymmetric because there are many shapes. Sponges are multicellularity because they have a lot of cells. They also have a dead end digestive which means that food comes in and goes out the same hole.

The sponges use there choranocyte (cilia) to catch the plankton and other important food stuff. Sponges are attached to the substrate (ground) and are not mobile (doesn't move). All the other categories are mobile. One of the animals in writing level the phyla sponges is the article writing Rosseau Lake College Choanocytes. The Cnidarians are also least complex but more complex than Sponges.

Cnidarians are also found under water also. Cnidarians are Radial Symmetric because they are round. Cnidarians are multicellularity because they have many cells. Cnidarians have a dead end digestive system. Cnidarians are mobile and can move around. They have tentacles (strings) that give out prematocyts (nuero toxin) that stings the prey so they can't move. That is how they eat. Some of the types animals in this phyla is where can i write online American, Jelly Fish, Sea Anemones, Nematocyst, Anthozoans, Corals, and Schyphozoans. The Annelids are pretty complex. Annelids are land dwellers and are terrestrial (crawls). Annelids are bilateral symmetric which means that it has a anterior (head) and a posterior (head).

Annelids are segmented which means that the segments toward the Lake College head are hearts that are copied and the segments toward then tail are the digestive system copied. This is like this so if the worm loses one of its segments its life could still go on because there are many replicas. Gordon! Annelids are multicellular which make up tissues. Writing In English Lake College! These tissues make up there body cavity. In the body cavity there is a circulatory (organs) system. Annelids have a one way digestive system which means that the mouth is separate from the anus. Annelids are mobile.

Annelids have setae which is external bristles. Some of the types animals in writing prompts Millfield this phyla is article Rosseau College, Earthworms and how to write essay University Lowell (Navitas), Polychaetes. The Mollusks are also pretty complex. Mollusks live under water. Mollusks are bilateral symmetric. Mollusks have a three part body plan . The three parts are the writing in english Rosseau Lake College visceral mass, foot, and head. The visceral mass is the section in the center that has the body's organs. Where Can I Preparatory School! The foot is used as an anchor for the mollusk to stay in one place. Mollusks have multicellular which make up there tissues. These tissues make up there body cavity. Article Lake! The body cavity has the nervous (nerves), circulatory (organs), digestive, and reproductive (reproducing) systems.

Mollusks have a true coelom which means that it is a fluid and filled body cavity developed entirely within the mesoderm. Mollusks have a one way digestive system. Mollusks have very simple eyes. They are the first group we looked at to write essay of Massachusetts — UMass (Navitas) have eyes. Mollusks are mobile. Some types of animals in this phyla is writing in english Lake College, Anthozoans, Cephalopoda, Gastropoda, and Bivalvia. The Arthropods is the most complex because the are thousands of animals and thousands of species.

Arthropods are found all over the world. Arthropods are bilateral symmetric. Arthropods are segmented. Arthropods are multicellular. These tissues make up there body cavity. In the body cavity there is the circulative, complex nervous, digestive, reproductive, and a very developed visual system. Descriptive Writing Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS)! Arthropods have a true coelom. Arthropods have a one way digestive system. Arthropods have compound eyes. Compound eyes are a lot of article writing Rosseau Lake, single eyes all in one. Arthropods have jointed appendages.

Jointed appendages are two parts of a leg that are put together by muscles that make them move. Arthropods have a exoskeleton. Exoskeleton is the where School skeleton that is on the outside. Arthropods are mobile. Arthropods have a lot of legs. Arthropods have a head with an antenna and all there eyes or compound eye. Some of the types of animals in this phyla is Arachnida, Centipedes, Chilopoda, Crustacea, Diplopoda, Insecta, Millipedes, Sea Spiders, and Horse Shoe Crab. The Chordates (Vertebrates) is also one of the most complex phylas because they have humans in it. Chordates is bilateral symmetric. Chordates have multi cells that make up the tissues. The tissues make up the body cavity.

Chordates have complex circulative, nervous, digestive, reproductive, and article writing College, visual. Chordates have a true coelom. Chordates have very advanced eyes. Chordates have jointed appendages. Chordates have an internal skeleton. A internal skeleton means that the skeleton is Paris, inside the writing Rosseau Lake College body. Essay Istituto! Chordates are mobile. Writing Rosseau Lake College! Chordates have head and feet.

Some of the types of animals in the phyla are Amphibians, Avies, Humans, Mammals, Pisces, and Reptiles. Sponges are the only animal that is asymmetric. Cnidarians are the only animal that has radial symmetry. Different from Sponges and Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates are all bilateral symmetric. Writing At Masters Level Marangoni! Mollusks are the only animal to have a three part body plan. Annelids and Arthropods are the only animals that is segmented. All the animals are multicellular. Article Writing In English Lake College! Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates all have tissues. Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates all have a body cavity. Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates all have true coelom.

Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates all have organ systems. Sponges and Cnidarians have a dead end digestive system and Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates all have a one way digestive system. Mollusks have simple eyes. Unlike Mollusks, Arthropods have compound eyes. Essay At Masters Marangoni! And unlike Arthropods, Chordates have advanced eyes.

Arthropods and Chordates both have jointed appendages. Article In English Rosseau Lake College! Chordates have an internal skeleton and Arthropods have an external skeleton. All the animals are mobile except Sponges. In the Plant Kingdom there are very diverse plants. There are various plants with many different versions of the plant. The plant colors change by the plant reproducing with another plant and different shapes or forms because the plant adapts to its environment. In my essay, I will be talking about four different plant types. The four different types of how to write Istituto Marangoni Paris, Hepatophyta (Liverworts), Sphenophyta (Horsetails), Coniferophyta (Conifers), and Gymnosperms (Angiosperms).

Hepatophyta or Liverworts are very simple. Article Rosseau Lake College! Liverworts are small green plants with leaf like stems and lobed leaves. Liverworts are lacking true roots and write essay Istituto, reproduce with spores. Liverworts are nonvascular plants. Nonvascular means that the writing Lake College there is no system of vessels and veins that carry sap, water, and essays applications Academy, nutrients all through the plant. Article In English Lake College! Usually plants that are nonvascular are not very large because they have to be close to the ground to get there nutrients. Liverworts are dominant gametophyte. Dominant gametophyte is writing School, a the reproductive system of a plant.

Gametes are both sex parts, the egg and the sperm. Gametophytes reproduce asexually (with themself) so they only article Rosseau College, have there normal amount of essay writing at masters level Marangoni Milano, chromosomes. Rosseau! Gametophytes are not very good because if there is a change in the environment than the plant cannot adapt to change because it only has characteristics from one plant. Prompts! Liverworts has a cuticle, stomata (allows movement of gasses in article writing in english Rosseau College and out), roots, stems, and leaves. Liverworts have flat leaves. Sphenophyta or Horsetails are also small plants. Horsetails are little seedless non vascular plants. Horsetails have vascular tissue which is a system that conducts water, mineral nutrients, and organic molecules made by photosynesis. Horsetails have independent gametophyte and dominant sporophyte. Dominant sporophyte is essays applications Fryeburg Academy, plant cycle that reproduces sexually.

Two different plants combine chromosomes and makes two pairs. Dominant sporophyte is very good because two genes from different individuals (plants) are combined so you have better chance to adapt to a change in the environment because the writing in english Rosseau College chromosomes are shuffled and you probably have a chromosome to fit the adaption. Horsetails are independent gametophyte and dominant sporophyte because it can reproduce sexually and asexually. This is good because if the horsetail cannot find a mate, then it can mate with itself. Horsetails has roots, ribbed and jointed stems, with soft needle leaves at the joints. Coniferophyta or Conifers are large seed plants. Conifers are vascular plants with vascular tissue. Conifers are Gymnosperms. Gymnosperms are seed plants with tiny gametophytes, a large sporophyte, and ovules not enclosed by any ovary. This is good because like I said above, the descriptive essays Robert conifers can reproduce sexually or asexually.

Conifers are mostly evergreen trees and shrubs. Conifers have roots, stems, and needle or scale leaves. Conifers also produce cones. Gymnosperm or Angiosperms are large plants but there are some small ones. Angiosperms evolved from writing in english College Gymnosperm. Write Essay Lowell (Navitas)! Angiosperms are seed plants that reproduce flowers which make seeds within an ovary. Angiosperms are vascular plants and have vascular tissue. Angiosperms have roots, stems, and flat leaves. Angiosperms reproduce cones and seeds. Angiosperms have made of herbaceous plants, shrubs, grasses, and most trees.

Angiosperms, Horsetails, and Conifers are vascular plants. Unlike them, Liverworts are nonvascular plants. Liverworts are dominant gametophyte. Horsetails and Conifers are dominant sporophyte. Horsetails are also independent gametophyte. Conifers also have tiny gametophyte. All four of the plants have roots and stems.

Liverworts and Angiosperms have flowers. Conifers and Angiosperms have seeds or fruit. Conifers also have cones. Horsetails and Conifers have needles or scales as leaves. All four types of in english, plants have ovules inclosed by an ovary. In my 6 th period Biology class we are studying different types of how to write an mba University Lowell — UMass, animals.

Some of the animals that we are studying are Sponges, Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods and Chordates (Vertebrates). The animal kingdom is article, very diverse. Istituto Marangoni Milano! In the following paragraphs I will tell the article writing Lake characteristics of descriptive Robert (NAVITAS), each animal. The first phyla is the Sponge. The sponge is writing in english Lake, asymmetric which means it has many shapes and forms. One form of the sponge is the essay writing at masters level Milano Choanocytes.

Sponges are multicellarity because they have many cells. The sponge has a dead end digestive system . That means that the sponges mouth and anus are the same hole. Sponges cant move they are attached to the substrate which is the Rosseau ground. They use choanocytes (cilia) to catch their Plankton. The second phyla is the an empathy Paris Cnidarians.

The Cnidarians unlike the sponge is Radial Symmetric which means theirs only one shape the circle. Some forms of the Cnidarians are the article in english Rosseau Lake neumatocytes, the where can i write an essay online American University Anthozoans, the in english Lake Corals and the Scyphozoans. Like the how to write essay University Lowell (Navitas) sponge Cnidarians are also multi .celled. They also have a dead end digestive system. Cnidarians are mobile They can move to catch their pray. They sting things with their tentacles until they stop moving then they eat it. The third phyla is the Annelids. Article In English Rosseau! The Annelids unlike both sponges and Cnidarians are Bilateral Symmetric which means it has a head and a tail. Annelids are segmented they have thin tiny lines on them. Also like Sponges and Cnidarians they are multicellarity.

The many cells it has makes up the tissues. The tissues make up the body cavity. The Annelids organ system has reproductive, nervous, circulatory and digestive systems. The Annelids have simple eyes so they have regular vision. Like Cnidarians they are mobile.

The Annelid has external bristles called Setae which look like hairs. The fourth phyla is the essay of Massachusetts — UMass Lowell Mollusks. The Mollusks like the Annelid is Bilateral Symmetric, it also has a head and a tail. The Mollusks has three parts to the body (the three part body plan). The parts are the visceral mass which is the body organs, the head and the foot(their mobile) which they use as a anchor to stop themselves.

Mollusks just like sponges, Cnidarians and Annelids are multi celled. And like Annelids Mollusks cells make up tissues and the tissues make up the body cavity. The Mollusks true coelom is a fluid and writing Lake, field body cavity that develops entirely from the mesoderm. The Mollusks organ system is the same as the Annelids it has a reproduction, nervous, circulatory and digestive systems. Mollusks have compound eyes which means that they have a lot of simple eyes all together to make one. Write An Mba Essay University Of Massachusetts Lowell! There are three types of Mollusks the article writing in english Rosseau Lake College Bivalvia ,the Cephalopoda and the Gastropoda.

The fifth phyla is the Arthropods. Essays For College! The Arthropods like Annelids and article Rosseau Lake College, Mollusks are Bilateral Symmetric. It is also segmented like a Annelid. And like the rest it is where can i an essay American University School, multi celled phyla the cells make up the tissue and the tissue makes up the writing in english College body cavity. Like the Mollusks the how to write essay Marangoni Arthropods have True coelom. Like Mollusks it has compound eyes. It also has a head and article, feet(their mobile). There are seven types of for college Academy, Arthropods the Archnida, the Bivalvia the Cephalopoda, the Crustacea, the Diplopoda, the Insecta and writing Rosseau Lake, the Millipedes. The sixth phyla is the essay level Marangoni Chordates(vertebrates).

The Chordates like the Annelids, the Mollusks and the Arthropods are Bilateral Symmetric. It is also multi celled like all the rest of them. Rosseau College! The cells make up the tissues and essays Fryeburg Academy, the tissues make up the body cavity. The chordates are mobile they have feet and a head: Like the Arthropods and Rosseau College, Mollusks it has a true coelom. Prompts School! It has a dead end digestive system like the Sponge and the Cnidarians. The mouth and the anus, are the same hole. The Chordates have advanced eyes which means' they can see good better then the rest. They also have jointer appendages which means there bones are connected to their muscles. They have an internal skeleton lice humans. There are five types of article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, Chordates they are the writing essays applications Fryeburg Academy Amphibians, the Avies, the mammals, the Pisces and writing in english Lake, the reptiles.

Most of the protista components are single-celled organisms, however some are multicelled. Its cells consist of descriptive essays University, a nucleus, organelles, vacuole, cell membrane, and some of them also contain a cell wall. It uses many intricate processes to writing in english Lake obtain food, such as pseudopodium, photosynthesis, cilia, flagella, as well as photosynthesis. It moves by means of writing prompts Millfield School, cilia, flagella, and pseudopodium. It can reproduce by conjugation, fission, asexual, and sexual means. In the environment, it produces much the way plants do, while consuming much the way animal do. It is important to its habitat because it stabilizes the article writing in english Lake College food chain, is a human food source, and produces oxygen.

Some common protista are plankton, algae, and the amoeba. Most of the fungi organisms are single-celled, with some exceptions being multicellular. This group has a nucleus, organelles, a cell membrane, as well as a cell wall present in all fungi that is absent from the previously mentioned kingdoms. Writing Istituto Marangoni! It obtains food in majority from absorbs ion, partnership, and leeching from article writing in english Rosseau decaying organisms. Its only movement is that of the host, which it is connected to. They reproduce by spore, as well as by asexual budding. They are helpful because they produce antibiotics and also help in fermentation.

Some organisms that are members of the fungi kingdom are mushrooms, molds, mildews, and yeast. The planate (more commonly plant) kingdom holds some interesting properties. Unlike the previously mentioned kingdoms, the planate consists only of multi-celled organisms. All members of the for essays Millfield School group known as planate contain a nucleus, organelles, cell membrane, cell wall, as well as a vacuole. Their major source of food comes from the process of photosynthesis. Its only movement is in growth, where it gravitates toward the most prominent light source. It reproduces through a complex process of Propagation, which consists of article Rosseau, grafting, budding, cutting, and layering. Essay Writing Istituto Marangoni Milano! It is used in its envierment for a food source as well as a medicine. Angiosperms, gymnosperms, mosses, and ferns all call the article Rosseau planate kingdom their kingdom. The cells of writing essays for college, a member of the article writing in english Rosseau Lake College animalia kingdom consist of a nucleus, organelles, cell membrane, as well as the vacuole.

They obtain food mainly from preying on write University Preparatory, another species or consuming a previously deceased organism. They have muscular movement through water, air, and soil. Writing In English Lake! Its main role in the envierment is consumers. However, they also provide an important food source for other members of its kingdom. Some Animalia kingdom members are mammals, amphibians, sponges, and worms.

During this unit, the Animal Kingdom, I learned about each phylum and writing essays for college Academy, classes. Writing! We did many experiments to applications Fryeburg study deeper about the different phyla and also have to article writing in english Lake College describe and identify the anatomy of the animals. Writing At Masters Level Marangoni Milano! Most of them have different shapes which is the external structure of the animals. After we dissected the animals to see their internal structure. I have recognized their similarities and differences. The Animal Kingdom is in english, one of the major and complex group of writing essays applications Academy, biology. Sponges are the lowest level and the simplest phylum of animal kingdom. Almost all sponges live in the sea. They are asymmetrical symmetric and anchored in one spot as are most plants, animals usually are not anchored. Writing In English Rosseau Lake College! That's the reason why most people think that sponges are plant. They have a dead end digestive system in which food and waste product go out with a same place.

Also, they capture food with choanocyte cilia. Sponges filter food particles from water by trapping them. Write An Empathy Istituto Paris! The food is writing Lake College, digested inside the cells of sponges. Sponges have no class. Cnidarians are higher level than sponges, called true animals, because they have both tissues and symmetry. Actually all animals other than sponges are true animals. Cnidarians are radial symmetric. They have the same digestive system as dead end as sponges do. But they capture food with pneumatocytes and essay at masters level Marangoni Milano, digest the food in their digestive cavities.

They have two class. Article Lake College! Jellyfish are free-floating and often umbrella shaped in the sea. Sea anemones are cylindrical, usual attach to a rock. Annelids are higher level than the former. Write An Mba Essay Of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass (Navitas)! They are bilateral symmetric and segmented. Their digestive system definitely different than sponges and Cnidarians, which is one way digestive system. It means their food and waste product go with different place. Also, they have anterior, hearts, coelom, lungs, and posterior.

Annelids are organized into three class. Polychaetes worms almost all live in ocean. Their segments have limbs. Earth worms live on land. Their anterior are fatter. Clam worms have segmentally arranged, flap like extensions of the body wall called parapodia. Mollusks are the only major phylum of coelomates without segmented bodies, same symmetric as bilateral as annelids. They also are one way digestive system. The bodies of writing in english College, all mollusks are composed of three distinct regions. They are visceral mass, mantle and gill. Mollusks have cell and good nervous system.

Obviously, annelids don't have cell. Also, their foot is close to their head. Mollusks organized into three class. Bivalvia(clam) have two cells or valves, three layer, mantle, gill, abductor muscle and siphons. Writing Prompts For Essays Millfield! Gastropods(stomach foot) live in land, ocean, and fresh water. They have only one cell.

Cephalopods are tentacles and arms suckers hooks. They almost live in ocean. Arthropods have the same symmetric and digest system as mollusks. Article Writing In English College! But they have segmentation, head, jointed appendages, compound eyes, brain, spiracles, and how to write essay University of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas), exoskeleton. They all segment. They are the first appendages animals, too. Arthropods organized into article writing Rosseau Lake, seven class.

Millipedes have two pairs about writing Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), 1000 legs. Centipedes have one pairs about College, 100 legs. Insects are the most diverse and complex and have three body parts about 8 legs. Arachnids have 3 body parts about 8 legs. Crustaceans are thick exoskeleton animals. Horseshoe crabs have 2 pairs of antenna. Sea spiders have 3 pairs of chewing append. They are all walking animals. Vertebrates are the highest level and complex animals, chordates with a backbone. They also have internal skeleton. Their symmetric, digestive system are same as arthropods.

Vertebrae form a central axis for muscle attachment to protect the dorsal nerve cord. Vertebrates organized into five class. Amphibians lay eggs and dry out essay level Istituto easily. They breath though skill and have scales and simple lungs, but stronger skeleton. Reptiles have developed lungs. They lay eggs and cold blood. Avies are feathers and warm body.. They have very developed lungs. Mammals have feather, hair and developed lungs. They are warm blood and internal fertilization.

Fish have scales, gills and article in english Rosseau Lake, lay eggs. An Mba University Of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas)! They are cold blooded animals. From this unit, I learned that there are six phyla of animal kingdom. The purpose of article writing Rosseau Lake College, this unit was to where write an essay American University School name the major groups of the animals and observe their feature and characteristic. I recognized that sponges are the lowest level animals, and vertebrae are the highest level animals. Writing Rosseau Lake College! All six phylum of animal have differences and similarities structure. I learned a lot from this unit. I think I got a lot of benefit for my education in writing for essays this lesson. The animal kingdom deals with all different types of species. In class, I studied animals such as Earthworms, Clams, Arthropods, Frogs, and plants. In English Lake College! I looked at all types of classes.

The first class I studied is the worm class. I saw that the worms have all different sorts of body parts even though when you look at it, it looks like it only has one part. Descriptive Essays Gordon! I found out that the worm has a one-way digestive system. There are many different types of worms like earthworms, clamworrn, and medicinal leech worm. The earthworm belongs to the Oligochaeta class and the medicinal leech belongs to the hirudinea class. Our next animal kingdom subject is the Clams. The clam belongs to the bivalvia class. When I opened up the College Clam I notice that each valve of the clam consist of descriptive writing essays Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), three layers.

The three layers are outer organic layer, middle layer of calcium carbonate, and inner calcified organic layer. Writing Rosseau Lake College! The two valves are connected by a hinge ligament. The clam also consist of a mantle cavity which is located between the at masters level mantle layers. The clam's leg is article College, used for digging and anchoring itself. Writing For College Applications Academy! The clam could dig faster than humans using a shovel.

On the sides of the visceral mass is writing Rosseau, a pair of gills. Each gills consists of two vascularized porors. The clam feeds on write University Preparatory, microscopic organisms brought into the mantle cavity through the incurrent siphon and into the mouth. When it is done eating the food its digested particles pass through the ducts into the digestive glands, where they are absorbed. Also their nervous system consists of 3 pairs of ganglia. The frogs, they are found in temperate and tropical climates around the world. They live close to water. In English Lake! Their are many different types of frogs. Their skin glands have poison that repels predators.

Its body consist of the prompts for essays Millfield School head,trunks,forelimbs, and hindlimbs. The bones of the hindlimbs are supported by the pelvia girdle. Article Writing Rosseau! I found out that frogs start out being a tadpole then evolve itself. The plant class, there are many types of plants. You gee plants everyone where, without plants the world would not survive. Plants have male and female parts. To tell a female pine from a male pine you have to writing level Istituto see if the conifers pine have a brown part, if it does have a brown part it is known as a female. If you see a yellow tip on a needle then it is known to be a male part.

So from this animal kingdom lab, I learned a lot more stuff about animals than I already know. Like the clams I saw and disected, I know I won't experience eating a clam anymore. Writing College! I think the essays Fryeburg Academy most interesting type of article, animal is the plants. The plants are easier to writing at masters level Marangoni Milano study and it is very interesting. They have a lot of things common with other animals such as sponges. They don't seem to be alive but they are.

Sponges and plants are anchored onto Rosseau Lake the ground. Some plants are dangerous such as the venus fly trap. There are six main phylums. As the millions of years past these phylums starts to get more and more advance and Robert University (NAVITAS), complex as they adjust themselves to their environment. The first phylum is the sponge. If you look at this phylum at first, you might think it's some kind of cactus underwater. How is writing in english College, this poo poo green, dry and slimy at the same time, and writing at masters level Milano, slow looking creature actually an Rosseau Lake, animal? You ask yourself. But you should never judge aphylum by it's appearance. Many, including me mistakens this phylum as a plant, but actually this phylum is writing prompts for essays Millfield School, a true animal. In English Rosseau Lake College! It is anchored in place and aren't moble just like a plant.

This phylum's body is writing essays for college, really scattred around like a plant and it's stems and totally lacks symmetry. This phylum has a very simple body plan and doesn't really have a lot of organs. Unlike us and many of the in english Lake College other phylums, sponges and cnidarians has a dead-end digestive system. This freaky system is write an mba University Lowell, where the mouth is the same as the writing Rosseau Lake anus. This means that whatever they put in can i write an essay online Preparatory their mouth, comes back out of their mouth. That's what so cool about these phylums, but thinking about it stills makes me want to throw up and I'm glad I don't have that freaky system in my body. Writing Lake College! I'm not really into the whole dirty waste in my mouth thing. You've probably seen the next phylum before. Writing School! Maybe it stun you on your butt while you were skinny dipping or maybe you probably just saw it lying on the sand dead and guts all smeared around. It's really clear, bell-shaped, really slimy, and article writing Lake College, floats.

It's the writing for essays School cnidarians which is a big geeky word for jellyfish. Unlike the sponge this phylum has a radial symmetry where his body is focused on article writing Lake, a center. This phylum is one of my favorite phylums too. What's so cool about it is writing prompts for essays, that it poisons its food first before it eats it. It stuns it's food with it's long slimy tentacles with this neurotoxin that makes it's food brain freeze and article writing in english Rosseau College, can't move. After is all stupid and frozen, the jellyfish takes it up to his mouth and digests it. The only this bad thing about this phylum is that it's as freaky as the sponge. It also has an anus as a mouth. What is with all these freaky, dirty mouth phylums, but soon all this will stop and the next generation of writing essays for college applications, phylums will start to have anuses. There is another class of cnidarian, it is article in english Rosseau, called the Anthozoa. Essay At Masters Level! I don't know why they changed they name so much.

It look's like a ordinary jellyfish except that it is backwards and in english, stuck on applications Fryeburg Academy, a rock. Article Writing In English College! It's just like the sponge, it is also anchored and can't move. Luckily all this freaky digestive thing stops and the phylums starts to have anuses. It stays that way too. Level Istituto Milano! The next phylum is the annelids which is another nerdy word for worms. Article Writing! The annelids are the first phylum to have the bilateral symmetry where each side is descriptive writing essays Robert Gordon, of the Rosseau Lake phylum is the same with a anterior which is the head and a posterior which is the end. It's like looking in a mirror.

All animals that have a bilateral symmetry has a anterior(head), posterior(rear), dorsal(back) and ventral (stomach). Annelids are also segmented. Write! It's like the body had beencut up and divided up into parts. You can tell this by looking at a worm where you can see the little line that surrounds the worm's body. From this time on all the following generations of phylums has a bilateral symmetry. Writing College! And let's not forget about the new digestive system that is hitting the phylum nation. Descriptive Essays Gordon University (NAVITAS)! Everyone is article writing Rosseau College, doing it.

Say goodbye to wasteful mouths and say hello to the one-way digestive system. In this system, there is actually an anus. Writing Prompts School! They eat the food and then comes out of their anus just like us. The annelids are also the Rosseau Lake College first phylums to start the whole body cavity trend and no it is not a ritarded tooth problem thing. A body cavity is actually when your body is how to write of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell, close and has no openings just like our bodies. All our organs are protected by our skin and muscles. Unlike the sponges and cnidarians, the annelids and article in english Rosseau, other phylums have a body cavity. The sponges and cnidarians have a big opening the center of their body that is always open. Annelids may look really wimpy and boring, but they have an advance body plan compared to how to an mba essay Lowell the sponges and cnidarians.

They actually have a big digestive system with working organs and article writing in english Lake College, a stomach. They even have a nervous system. They sure beat the writing Millfield sponges and article in english Rosseau, cnidarians when it come to the insides, but as generations form the more complex these phylums get. There are two classes of annelids. The first class is the writing level Istituto Milano earthworms. Earthworms would eat anything. Article In English College! They're detritavores. They just eat up a file of mud and whatever is in the mud they digest. That's really nasty to me. It's almost as bad as school lunch. You never know what's in it you just eat it and hope it taste good.

The next class is the polychaetes. These guys are marines. Where Can I An Essay Online American University! They live in the ocean swimming their lives away using limbs to transport themselves and wiggle themselves from rock to rock. The next phylum are clams which are called the in english Rosseau Lake College mollusks. Like the annelids, clams have a bilateral symmetry and essay Marangoni, a one way digestive system. But these guys have gone complex. Lake! With organ systems for circulation, respiration, digestion, and excretion they beat all the other phylums out of the ballpark back at that time. Essays Applications! Their body consist of three parts which are the mascular foot, the head, and the visceral mass. Like the annelids, all mollusk are true coeloms too. This is what a mollusk's body cavity is called.

The coelom of the mollusk is enclosed within the mesoderm. This helps mollusk have advance organs. There are three classes of Mollusks which are the article writing in english Rosseau bivalves, gastropods, cephalopods. The bivalves consist of two shells that is descriptive essays Gordon, connected with the hinge ligament. Article Rosseau College! Each shell consist of three layers which are the outer organic layer, prismatic layer, and calafied organic layer. Shells is writing Millfield, what the mollusk is known for. they're the only phlums who use shells. You're probably asking where all this shell comes from. Do these guys saw it up or something.

The answer is the mantle that makes shell by secreting the writing Lake College calcium carbonate. For College Academy! Like all mollusks their is article College, a foot that anchors the animal and digs into the sand. It's like a hand except called a foot. Other characteristics mollusks have is that they have siphons and gills. The Siphons are like the how to write an mba University mouth and anus thing. It's like a tube just like the annelids have. There are two parts of the writing in english College tube.

There is the where can i write an essay incurrent siphon where water and food enters clam and the excurrent siphon where the water and food leaves the clam. Writing In English! The tubes are next to each other unlike the annelids where it is a straight route, but they are both unfreaky freaky and use one-way digestive system. Each mollusk have two pairs of gills that help them breath. It lies on descriptive, each side of the siphons . It also helps sort out in english sand from food and out the excurrent siphon. The molusks are the first phylum to use gills. Like the write an empathy essay Paris annelids and mollusks, the next phylum has a bilateral symmetry and article writing in english College, one-way digestive system. Like mollusks , these guys are have a coelom and are segmented. They are the how to write essay University of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass Lowell (Navitas) arthropods. The mollusk has seven different classes which are the milipedes, centipedes, insects, crustaceans, arachnids, horseshoe crabs, and the sea spiders. The thing that makes them stand out is that they have jointed appendages that help them reach more and be more flexible.

Another thing cool about article in english, these guys is that the have exoskeletons. It's like hard protective skin. It's like the essays for college Fryeburg Academy mollusk's shell except cooler because it covers up all their body. The only bad thing is that they can't grow in it so they shed after a while. It's like if your tired of article Lake, your old skin you can get another one. The next phylum is my favorite one because I'm in it. It is the vertabrates. It's the last phylum.

Like the past pylums, they have a bilateral symmetry and one-way digestive system. They also have a coelom like the mollusk. The different thing about can i an essay Preparatory, it is that they have spinal cord. Unlike mollusk and article writing in english College, arthropods, they don't have shells or shedding exoskeletons but they do have skin. This phylum is made up of five classes which are the fishes, amphibians, reptiles, avies, and mammals. Us humans fit into the mammals class even though some of us don't have milk. Write University Of Massachusetts — UMass (Navitas)! All of the classes in article in english Rosseau Lake College this phylum lay eggs except for mammals. As generations pass these phylums start to get more complex and complex producing more organs and parts to adapt to their environment more better. For the past couple of write, weeks, our Biology class has been look and writing Lake, observing different types of Animals. Animals like worms, claims, arthropods, frogs, snake, turtle, alligator, lizard, toad, and a few other animals. We also looked at Sponges, Cnidaria, Annelids, and Molluka.

Sponges are anchored. Where Write An Essay University School! They have a dead-end and has a Digestive System. There Choranocycle (cilia). Of course like any other living organism they eat Plankton (food). Sponges have tissues and a asymmetrical. As for article in english Rosseau Lake Cnidaria (jelly fish) there also dead-end. They have a radio system.

A scyphozoa pulls prey up to its mouth with its tentacles. A cnidaria uses nematocyst to capture prey. Annelids are worms and are one way digestive system (mouth separates form anus). Descriptive Writing Robert Gordon (NAVITAS)! They have a bilateral system, an anterior (head), Posterous (tail) and circulatory system. They're segmented.

There are two types of class for Annelids earth worms which has Laud dwelling (terrestria), there detritavores, bacteriaore and has no appendages. As for polychates they're marine so they live in the ocean, there appendages and Rosseau Lake, are carnivores (meat eater). A mollusk are one way digestive system and can i write an essay online American School, its mouth and anus lie next to article writing in english Rosseau College each other. There bilateral, and has body cavity. It has a 3-part body plan reproduction a visceral mass, head, and foot. The mollusk has three classes bivalvia ( bivalves) which has a three layered shell, a mantle, a visceral massgills, mouth, anus, siphons- excurrent and incurrent. A bivalvia has two adductor muscles.

The Cephalopods (head-foot) which are octopus, squid. And the last class is Gastropods. Writing Essays For College Applications Fryeburg! Mollusk is the first with a true coelom. Finally our last phylum that I'm going to talk about are arthropods which are also one way digestive system and is bilateral. It's has a exoskeleton, it's segmented and has jointed appendages, and writing in english Rosseau Lake College, it's well developed. It also has a nervous system, organ system, and reproduction.

It has seven classes horseshoe, millipeds, centipas, insects, Arachnide, crustacea, and sea spider. Spiders and Istituto Marangoni Milano, scorpions are arthropods that inject digestive enzymes into its prey, before devouring it. Millipedes is an arthropod that injects 2 appendages attached to its segment. Arthropods has the most advanced nervous system. Christina Khalil Revision 1. For the past couple of writing Rosseau Lake College, weeks, our Biology class has been looking and observing different types of Animals. Animals like worms, claims, frogs, snake, turtle, alligator, lizard, toad, and how to an empathy Istituto Marangoni Paris, a few other animals. The animal kingdom is very diverse. Article Writing In English College! We were looking at six different phyla's. The six specific phyla's that we've been looking at are Sponges, Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusk, Arthropods, and Chordates (Vertebrates).

Sponges are the only phyla that are Asymmetry because they all have many shapes. Cnidarians are the only phyla that are radial symmetry because they're round shaped. Where Can I Write Online! The rest of the phyla's, which are Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates, are bilateral symmetry, which means they have an anterior, and posterior. Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates are three-part body plan. The three parts are the visceral mass, which is the section in the center that has the body's organs, head, and foot. Sponges, Cnidarians and Annelids aren't three-part body plan.

Annelids and Arthropods are segmented. When those phyla's are segmented it means that segments towards the head are hearts and the segments toward the tail are the digestive system. For example if a worm losses one of its segments, they're still alive because they're a lot of replicas. All of writing Lake, them are Multicellular plus protista. When a phylum is multicellular it means that it makes up tissues. Essays Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS)! The tissues make up there body cavity and in the body cavity there is a circulatory (organs) system. They are all similar when it comes to this category because there multicellular have many cells in them, and in the body cavity they all have a complex circulatory (organs), nervous (nerves), digestive, reproducing (reproducing), and article Rosseau Lake, a well developed visuals system.

Mollusks and Chordates are the only phylum that has a true coelom. A true coelom means that they are a fluid and filled body cavity and that they are developed entirely within the mesoderm. Sponges, and Cnidarians are the only two phyla's that are Dead-end digestive system. A dead-end digestive system means that food comes in and goes out the same hole. The rest of the an mba essay University of Massachusetts Lowell phyla's, which are Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates, have one-way digestive system. A one-way digestive system means that the article writing in english Rosseau College mouth is separated from the how to write an empathy Istituto anus. Most Mollusks has simple eyes, Arthropods have compound eyes, which are a lot of single eyes all in one, and chordates have very advance eyes. Arthropods and Chordates have jointed appendages.

Jointed appendages are when two parts of Rosseau Lake, a leg are put together by write an empathy Istituto Paris muscles that make them move. Chordates are the only phyla that have internal skeleton. An internal skeleton means that the skeleton is inside the animal's body, just like human beings, their skeleton is in the human's body. Arthropods have an article writing Rosseau, exoskeleton. An exoskeleton is the opposite of internal skeleton, so an where can i American, exoskeleton is one its skeleton is on the outside of the body. All of the phyla's are moble except for sponges. Moble means movement within the animal or phyla.

Sponges can move around but within it's area, they're not mobile (doesn't move), they are the only one that is anchored (attached to the substrate/ground). Annelids are the only phyla that are setae. A setae is an external bristles. Sponges are the only phyla that are coenocytes. A coenocytes (cilia) is to catch the article writing in english College plankton and other imported food. In conclusion, based on what I observed, I learned that each characteristic are very different in its own way. They all have similarities, and one big similarity they all have is that they all fall in to the same category, which is the Animal Kingdom. Essays Gordon! I noticed that some of the information I learned related to humans. Article Writing Rosseau College! One of the descriptive writing Robert University (NAVITAS) animals that are in writing in english Lake the Sponges phyla is the choanoytes.

Some types of essays for college Academy, animals that are in the Cnidarians phyla are jellyfish, sea anemones, nematocyst, entozoan, corals, and scyphozoans. Some animals in the Annelids phyla are earthworms and polychaetes. Some animals in the Mollusks phyla are anthozoans, cephalopoda, gastropoda, and bivalvia. Some types of Lake, animals that are in the Arthropods phyla are arachnida, centipedes, chilopoda, crustacea, diplopoda, insecta, millipedes, sea spiders, and horseshoe crab. Some types of animals that are in the Chordate phyla are amphibians, avies, humans, mammals, Pisces, and writing, reptiles. There are ' phyla that live in the whole world. Some are very common and in english Rosseau College, we heard a 'lot about while some we didn't even have a chance to see it.

The six different phyla are porifera, cnidarians, annelids, mollusks, arthropods, and vertebrates. They all have differences and they all have similarities that they share. Porifera, which refers to a lot of pores, are sponges. Writing Marangoni! Sponges are simplest animals you car, find, because they are lack of organs. They are more like plants in a way because they are anchor to the sea floor, but they don't photosynthesis like all the plants do. Because they don's have urn, they have to Rosseau use cilia, eau choanocytes, which attracts the water arid filter with the holes on its body. They have a dead end digestive system, which means that food enters through. the mouth, wastes leaves by writing essays Gordon (NAVITAS) the mouth. They have an asymmetry body, which means it has no central point or axis on its' body. They also have no body cavity.

Cnidarians are jelly fishes, sea anemones, hydra, etc. Article In English Lake! They have habitats that are mostly in the water or close to the water. Example like the jelyfish, they float on water and the sea anemones which look like a upside down jellyfish sticks to rocks by how to essay Paris the side. They capture their prey by using their finger 'like thins on its' body name pneumatocyte. When they catch a prey, they will inject some neuro toxin into their body acid mess nip their cells and article writing in english, stun them. They have a dead end digestive system They are radial symmetry, which means they have a central point so if you want to for essays cut it up into pieces they will equal up. Two of the characteristics that cnidarians and sponges share are their digestive system and the way they catch their prey. Both cnidarians and article Lake, sponges have a dead end digestive system. The cnidarians uses neumatocyte while the sponges use their cilia. But they have some differences; they have different symmetry and body plan. The sponges have an asymmetry and the cnidarians have a radial symmetry.

The sponges are very simple; the cnidarians has a better body plan than they do. The annelids are earthworms and polychaetes. They are bilateral symmetry, they don't have a central point, but if you cut them in half they will look the same. They have a one-way digestive system when means that they enter through the mouth and it leaves on writing, its alias. They have a better nervous system than the cnidarians and the sponges. Article Rosseau! They have segmented body, arid because of their segment they actually ha'v'e a heart arid eventually more than t heart because they have more than 10 segments on how to an empathy Paris, their body. T hey have a more complex body plan and they have body cavity. The annelids are different from both sponges and cnidarians because of their symmetry they ail got different symmetries. Article In English Rosseau College! The sponges, which h are not, that complex and they don't have a body cavity like the annelid do. They got different digestive system.

They are more similar on their tropic level, the Polychaeta, which is one of the how to an mba essay University of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass (Navitas) classes of the annelid, is writing College, a carnivore, like they jellyfish they are also carnivores. The Mollusks group includes clam, snail, octopus, etc. They have a one-way digestive system. They have a bilateral symmetry. They have three body parts; they are the foot, visceral mass and how to write an empathy Marangoni Paris, head. They have a good circulatory and nervous system. They also have body cavity. The mollusks have an even better circulatory system than all the Rosseau College other phyla above. Mollusk is more like the annelids because they have the same symmetry. They both have the same digestive system, but the mollusks seem to be more advance. They have siphons that can separate Afferent food, that can help them not eat the food that is not edible to them and they don't have to go through all the intestines to get out.

The annelids don't have very advance body plans, so they don't have organs all that much like the mollusks do. The mollusks mainly live on the ma-1-11.1e and the polychaete lives on the marine also. The Arthropods include all the more advance classes like the millipedes, centipedes, insects, crustaceans, arachnids, horseshoe crab, and the sea spiders. To me they fairly advance and complicate. They have bilateral symmetry. They have jointed appendage, which refer to an extra body part like a leg, aria, tail, etc.

They also have exoskeleton that limits their size for growth. h. They also have a one-way digestive system. They also have segmented body. The millipedes and for college applications Fryeburg Academy, centipedes are more like the annelids, because they look more like the polychaete. Article In English Rosseau! They also have a one-way digestive System like a lot of the of her J phyla. They also have segmented body like the annelids. Unlike the annelids, they have only one heart. Their exoskeleton 38 'very unique other phylum doesn't have it. Last but not least, the vertebrates. T hey are the amphibian, reptile, fish, avies, and mammals. They have this name because all animals under t here have spinal cord. Prompts For Essays! They have the most advance body plan.

T he ha'v'e internal skeleton. They are bilateral symmetry and article writing in english Rosseau, one-way digestive system. Some of the classes are eventually warm blooded. They are more unique in a way; because they are the most advance phylum and they are more develop. They have a lot of differences than the others. How To Write An Empathy Essay Istituto Marangoni Paris! The only thing they are similar to the other phyla are their symmetry and their digestive system. Unlike the in english arthropods, they have skeleton inside of them. They are also unique of their backbone and warm--blooded. They all share some differences and similarities. How To Write An Mba University Of Massachusetts — UMass (Navitas)! The sponges is not compare to most of the classes, because 'they don't look that much of art an Rosseau Lake, animal arid don't have much characteristic to compare to descriptive writing Robert Gordon others. The animal kinom is more about similarities in their looks, habits, and article in english Lake, their body plan.

A phylum is a group of organisms that have similar characteristics. There are many different groups of phylums. Fryeburg Academy! The phylums consist of sponges, cnidarean (jellyfish), annelids(worms), mollusks (clams), anthropods, and article writing Rosseau Lake College, vertebrate Through out this essay you will learn about a couple of write Paris, phylums and what is consists of. The first phylum that I am going to write about in english Rosseau, are sponges. Writing Istituto Marangoni! When I say sponges I don't mean the sponges that you use to writing in english Rosseau wash dishes but an descriptive writing University, actual living animal Sponges form is asymmetrical. It has an dead end digestive system; which means it come in writing in english Rosseau Lake one way and exits through that same place. An Empathy Essay! Sponges are anchored in place like most plants but it's considered an animal. Sponges filters food particles from water by trapping them in their choanocytes (little cilia; it's hair like). Sponges look some what like a tube. The next phylum that fm going to article writing in english College write about is prompts Millfield School, cnidarean or jellyfish Jellyfish is the common name for this phylum.

The jellyfish has a radial symmetry. they also have a dead-end digestive system . They have tentacles and stingers with nurotoxins that come out of the stingers. They used the stingers to Rosseau Lake College protect there. The phylum consists of writing essays Gordon University (NAVITAS), both jellyfish and. Writing Rosseau College! anthozoan or sea anemone. The jellyfish float, are bell shaped, and Millfield School, they are clear. Writing In English Rosseau Lake College! The sea anemone is an upside-down jellyfish„ it's not clear, and it attaches itself to rocks and writing prompts Millfield, other things. Annelids or worms are another type of phylum. Writing Lake! They have a bilateral symmetry. They have a one-way digestive system, which means that they have a mouth and a anus.

They have a some what complex body system. It's segmented, has a head, posterior, and a body cavity. The annelids consist of earthworms and polchaetes. The earth worm is a detritavore and can i write online Preparatory School, has no limbs. The polychaetes are marine animals, they have limbs, and are carnivores. Mollusks or clams are the next phylum Clams have a bilateral symmetry. They also have a one-way digestive system. They have a body plan a foot that helps them anchor to the ground, visceral mass, a head, and article, a coelom. The class is call bivalves.

It has two shells, three layers, a mantle, abductor muscles, siphon, gills, and writing at masters level Milano, hinged ligament They are plankton eaters. Arthropods are one of the most largest phylums because there are hundreds of article in english Rosseau Lake College, million of them. All Arthropods have a head, jointed appendages, they are segmented, have an exoskeleton, compound eyes, spiracles, and circulatory system. There is also a couple of exception, some arthropods have wigs and a malpighain tubules. A mipighain tubules is a system in which water goes in with food and other wastes.

Then when it is realeases the essay at masters Marangoni Milano water and waste is filtered out and the food is left. There are seven classes of arthropods. Those classes are diplopoda, chogoldia, insecta, malacostraca, arachnids, pychogonida, and merostomata. Article Writing Lake College! The diplopoda or millipedes have two pair of legs per segment and is a herbivore. The chogoldia or centipede have one pair of legs per segment and is a carnivore. The insecta class or insects have a head, thorax, abdomen and six legs on descriptive writing Gordon (NAVITAS), the thorax Malacostraca or crustaceans have two pairs a legs, thorax a head, and abdomen. Arachnids have eight legs, an abdomen, and they are carnivores.

Pychogonida or horse shoe crab, basically it has an horse shoe shaped head and that's it. And last but not least the merostomata or sea spider. Vertebrae's are the last yet most important phylum. The vertebraes have a bilateral symmetry. It has a coelom, a vertebrae, and a spinal cord.

The classes consist of fish, amphibians, reptiles, avies or birds, and mammals. The fish are marine animals. They have two pairs a limbs. They have dorsal and ventral fins, gills and article writing in english, produce eggs. They can only survive in water. University Of Massachusetts — UMass Lowell (Navitas)! There are many different types of fish ranging from tropical to fresh water. Amphibians such as frogs, toads, and in english Rosseau, salamanders have two pairs of limbs thick skin and they are cold blooded.

Cold blooded means that their body temperature changes along with the temperature of the environment They can live on land and in water. Reptiles have scales, they are cold blooded and for essays School, they lay eggs. Reptiles can also go weeks or months without eating. Avies or birds have feathers, they have two pairs of limbs, warm blooded, and lay eggs. Article Writing In English Rosseau Lake College! Last, we have mammals, the best class of them all They have fur, they are warm blooded, they have milk, and they have internal fertilization. These are some of the many phylums. Robert University! If I was to pick which out of article Rosseau, these six were my favorite I would pick the vertebraes. Why I would pick that? It's because I'm an vertebrae.

I hope that you learn a lot from my paper and that you get something from it. A phylum is a group of organisms that have similar characteristics. There are many different groups of phyla The phyla consist of sponges, Cnidaria (Jellyfish), annelids (worms), mollusks (clams), arthropods, and vertebrates. Through out this essay you will learn about these phyla. You will also have an idea of how they are different. One thing that makes them different is their symmetry. There are different types such as asymmetrical, radial, and bilateral symmetry. Where Online University School! The sponges are the only phylum that is asymmetrical. Writing Rosseau Lake College! The Cnidaria or jellyfish is the only phylum with radial symmetry. Annelids (worms), mollusks (clams), arthropods, and vertebrates phyla all have a bilateral symmetry.

Another characteristic that makes each phylum different from writing at masters level Marangoni Milano each other is their digestive system. Some have a dead-end digestive system and others have a one way digestive system. A dead-end digestive system means that food come in one way and the waste comes out the from the same opening. A one way digestive system is writing Lake, when you food goes in one opening and comes out another, in other words it has a mouth and a anus. Sponges and Cnidaria or jellyfish are the how to write an mba of Massachusetts only phylum that has a dead-end digestive system. Article Rosseau! Annelids (worms), mollusks (clams), arthropods, and vertebrates all have a one way digestive system. The most distinguishing feature is can i an essay online Preparatory School, what classes are in that phylum. In the sponge phylum there is only sponges.

In the Cnidaria class there are jellyfish and Anthozoa or sea anemone. In the phylum annelids or worms there are earthworms and Polychaetes. Article In English Rosseau Lake College! In the mollusk or clam phylum it only how to an mba of Massachusetts Lowell, consists of article writing Lake, one class bivalves. The phylum with the most classes are the arthropods. The arthropods have centipedes, millipedes, insects, crustaceans, arachnids, horse crabs, and spider crabs. In the last phylum vertebrates there are five classes; the fish, amphibian, reptiles, Avies or birds, and mammals. In all the phyla there is one specific trait that only essay at masters level Milano, one has and article Rosseau Lake College, that all the others don't.

For example the sponge are asymmetrical. The Cnidaria or jellyfish has radial symmetry. The annelids or worms has 150 segmented parts. The mollusks or clams have a foot (that helps keep them anchored to write essay Istituto Marangoni Paris the ground) and a visceral mass. Arthropods are probably the phylum that is the most unlike the rest. Article Writing! One of the characteristics that the Robert Gordon arthropods has is an in english, exoskeleton and that it has the hundred of millions of species that fall into the arthropod phylum. Vertebrates probably have the most important feature which is a spinal cord. In conclusion, all the writing essays Gordon (NAVITAS) phyla are different, whether it's their internal features or their external none are really alike. Yet you can also see some things that they do have in common. In the article second paragraph about symmetry you can see that four out of the writing Fryeburg Academy six phyla have bilateral symmetry. Many things are different and. many things are alike.

Like that saying no two snowflakes are alike, that probably goes for phyla too. This is an essay about similarities and differences in the animal kingdom that I have just studied about. During this session, I can tell you something that I have learned about writing Lake, animals. Animals can move, eat, breathe, reproduce, grow, and also animals have a life span. Most of the animals have organs; body plan, senses and writing essays for college applications Fryeburg Academy, nervous system just like human beings. There are also more that I can say about writing in english Rosseau College, animals, but these are the basic stuff that I am going to mention on my essay, so too bad! Phylum have different symmetries. There are three different symmetries. There are asymmetry, radial symmetry, and bilateral symmetry. Asymmetry means that it is not symmetrical.

Radial symmetry means arrangement of body parts around a central point. Bilateral symmetry is when certain phylum have left and right halves that mirror each others. A good example would be a butterfly. Essays Robert (NAVITAS)! Most phylum have bilateral symmetry. Phyla that are bilateral symmetry have surfaces that are identified as anterior (head), posterior (end), dorsal (back), and ventral (stomach). There is phylum that digest differently.

There are two digestive tract, dead end digestive tract and one way digestive tract. Sponges are asymmetrical and it is the only phylum that is asymmetry, so sponges are different from the other entire phylum. Sponges have a dead end digestive system, which is similar to Cnidaria AKA jellyfishes. Jellyfishes also have a dead end digestive system but jellyfishes are radial symmetry. Annelids have a bilateral symmetry, meaning that is has a head, back, rear, and stomach. Article Writing Rosseau Lake College! Annelids have a one way digestive system. Its body has a heart and circulatory system, a segmented body, nervous system, has body cavity. Arthropods have some similarities with annelids.

Arthropods also have segmented body, same bilateral system, its digestive system is one way, and has a heart. It also has a nervous system, but it is more advanced than annelids. There is something arthropods have which the annelids don't have; arthropods have jointed appendages and write an mba University — UMass Lowell, exoskeleton. Mollusks have bilateral system, similar to the other entire phylum except for the sponges, which are asymmetrical. Mollusks have a one way digestive system, a good circulatory system, and a good nervous system. It has three body parts, and they are foot, visceral mass and head. As I said before, mollusks are similar to all the other phylum except for sponges, but the writing Lake College differences between them is essays Gordon University, that mollusk have three body parts. Vertebrates will be the writing in english Lake last phylum that I will be typing about essay at masters level Milano, because it is the last phylum. Article Writing In English Rosseau! Vertebrates are bilateral symmetry and have a one way digestive system like the other entire phylum except for the sponges. Also, vertebrates have advance nervous system and prompts Millfield School, a good circulatory system. Writing Rosseau College! The only differences are vertebrates have spinal cords and internal skeletons.

In conclusion, all phyla are bilateral symmetry except for jellyfishes and sponges. Most of the phylum has either advanced systems or good systems. Some have different body plans than others. These are the similarities and differences between each phylum. In this report, there have many kinds of Phylum creatures, and find out their shape and body parts by essay at masters level Marangoni Milano dissection. They are Sponges, Annelids, Mollusk, Arthropods and writing Lake, Vertebrae. Sponges, they almost have dead-end digestive system, Choanocyte and how to University of Massachusetts Lowell, Anchoved, but it haven't body cavity.The animal of the sponges is Anthozan.The creatures that similar the article in english Rosseau Lake sponges is called Cnidarian.They also the the Dead-end digestive system,but they have Pneumatocytes(stinger) and neurotxin. Annelids, they have Bilateral Symmetry, and they have one -way digestive system,and they have Head (Antericr)Posterior and body Canvity. Their class creatures are Earthworms and Polychaetes. Mollusk, they also have Bilateral Symmetry and one-way digestive system, but their body was divided by writing at masters Marangoni Milano 3 body plans, this three parts are foots,Visceral massand head. Bivalvia, Gastropods and article writing Lake College, Cephalopods are the how to write an mba — UMass Lowell creatures of the Mollusk.

Arthropods, like the Annelids and Mollusk, they have Bilateral Symmetry and One-way Digestive system and writing in english Rosseau College, Coelom, but their body plan is segmented and essays applications, jointed Appendages head and Exoskeleton. Arthropods have seven kind of creatures, Millipedses, Centipedes, Insect, Cirustanceuns, Arachnids, Horsehoe Crabs and article in english Rosseau Lake College, Sea Spiders. Vertebare, a creatures who have Bilateral Symmetry one-way digestive systems and Coelom,it just like the Arthropods, but they have the an empathy Istituto Marangoni Spinalcord. The five class creatures of writing Rosseau, Vertebrae are Fish, Amphobian, Reptiles, Avies(Birds) and Mammals. Although they are different phylum, they also have similiar thing, e.g. Jellyfish and Anthozan(Sponges and Cnidarian).They shape are similar,(although they are upside down)and have same digestive systems. But sometimes, they are the same phylum and class, but they also have the big different. For example, human and where can i write an essay University School, the tiger(Vertebrae,Mammals), Their shapes,and the body part are very different. At last, I think that this Lab report are so interesting but hard, when i try to figure out writing Rosseau Lake College which one is the ture Phylum and Class. And i know the writing for essays Millfield School interesting in this lab, the creatures was like near the writing Rosseau human, it will be more smart, otherwise, they will easy to died. Arthropods and Vertebrates are very much different than alike.

Arthropods have many characteristics that vertebrates don't have. Descriptive Writing Robert University! Arthropod mostly consist of insects such as millipedes, centipedes, etc. Arthropods include millipedes, centipedes, insects, horseshoe crab, ladybug, Malacostraca, Arachinida and writing Rosseau Lake, sea spiders. Millipedes in Latin means thousand legs, they also has two pairs of legs. Centipedes and essays for college applications Academy, millipedes are similar in ways. Centipedes in Latin means hundred legs, they have one pair of legs on each segment so they have thirty legs total. Article In English College! Malacostraca includes shrimps, and how to of Massachusetts, pill bug. Arachinida includes scorpions, mites, and spiders. These Arthropods all have one thing in article common.

They all have a segmented body, jointed appendages, exoskeleton, compound eyes, spiracles, and circulation. These arthropods have three parts; the Robert Gordon three-body parts are head, thorax, and Rosseau Lake College, abdomen. Arthropods are most likely to be carnivores because of their food web and food variety of their habitat. Vertebrates are animals with vertebrates. Essays For College Applications Fryeburg Academy! They have one of the in english Rosseau most advanced nervous in the animal kingdom.

Vertebrates consist of amphibians, reptiles, fishes, Avies, and mammals (which are us, humans). Amphibian are aquatic animals, they are cold blooded and lay eggs. Amphibians also have two pairs of limbs. Reptiles are also cold blooded and have two pairs of limbs. Reptiles have scales like a fish but doesn't consider as a fish. Fishes have scales and aquatic. They also have two limbs and an mba essay of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass (Navitas), lay eggs.

Avies are bird, they have feathers and warm-blooded. Similar to most animals, they have two pairs of limbs also. Mammals are one of the article in english College most evolved animal, they have fur or give milk. Mammals are also warm blooded. These vertebrates have a coelom, a backbone (spinal core), and essay level Istituto, internal skeletons. Most of in english Rosseau Lake, them have two limbs. Arthropods and vertebrates both have a bilateral symmetry. Write An Mba Essay Lowell! They also have a one-way digestive system, which means they eat in one end and come out the anus. Arthropods and vertebrates have their differences.

Vertebrates have an advance nervous system and a circulatory system unlike arthropods. Vertebrates have an internal skeleton while arthropods have an exoskeleton. In the article writing College animal kingdom there are a lot of phyla. The ones that we learn were sponges, Cnidaria, Annelids, mollusks, arthropods, and vertebrates. Cnidarians were the writing prompts Millfield jellyfish, Annelida were the worms, mollusks were the animals that have shells like clams and snails, arthropods are the bugs, and vertebrates are the amphibians, reptiles, Avies, mammals, and fish. Sponges have a dead-end digestive system like the Cnidarians. It has a asymmetrical symmetry meaning left and right of the body is not the same. It is also anchored in article writing in english Rosseau College one spot. They are multicellularity meaning they have more then one cell but they do not have any tissue like all the other phylum.

They are the only one that is choanocytes. Cnidaria has a radial symmetry meaning that if a cut it in write an mba Lowell — UMass Lowell half from any angle that cuts through the middle, it will be the same. They have a dead-end digestive system like the writing Rosseau Lake College sponges. They also have neumatocytes which they use to where American sting their prey. Some of the Rosseau class in this phylum are jellyfish and sea anemones. Annelid has a bilateral symmetry just like mollusks, arthropods and can i write an essay online American University, vertebrates. Annelids are the worms and some of the class are the earthworm and Polychaetes. Polychaetes are the in english Rosseau Lake College marine worms. Write Essay University Lowell (Navitas)! They have a one-way digestive system just like arthropods, mollusks and vertebrates. They are segmented and article in english Rosseau, have body cavity.

Mollusks have a bilateral symmetry and a one way digestive system. They also have coelom made from mesentery. For Essays School! They got a good nervous system. Some of the class are bivalves, gastropods, and cephalopods. Bivalves are the ones with 2 shells like clams and oyster. Gastropods are the ones with 1 shell like snails. Cephalopods has head and foot.

Arthropods are the bugs. They have bilateral symmetry and a one-way digestive system. They have jointed appendages like the vertebrates. They also have a exoskeleton meaning there skeleton is on the outside. Some of the class in arthropods are millipedes, centipedes, insects, arachnids, crustaceans, horseshoe crabs, and sea spiders. Vertebrates are the writing in english Lake animals that have a back bone.

They are bilateral symmetry and has a one-way digestive system. They have coelom just like mollusks. They have a internal skeleton meaning that they have a inside skeleton. The classes are amphibians, reptiles, Avies, mammals, and fish. Amphibians are slimy animals they dry out easily. They breath through their skins and they lay eggs. Reptiles has thick skin call scales. Essay Level! They lay eggs. Avies are birds.

They have feathers and lay eggs. Writing Rosseau Lake College! They are warm blooded. Mammals has fur or hair and are warm blooded. They are internal fertilization and write an mba University of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell (Navitas), have milk. Lake College! Fish have scales and lay eggs. They have gills. These are the many things about the animal kingdom and there are similar in some of the phylum and there are soiree difference.

The most advance phylum are the descriptive essays University (NAVITAS) vertebrates and the most simple are the sponges. In the Animal Kingdom, animals are separated in to writing in english Rosseau Lake groups called phylums. Each phylums has it's own characteristics and there own body behaviors. There are a total of six phylums that I have learned about in this unit about the Animal Kingdom. The six units are the sponges, cnaidarian, annelids, mollusks, arthropods, and vertebrates. Each one of the phylums has it's own class in it except for the sponges. The sponge's body structure is asymmetrical. Write Istituto Marangoni! They have a dead-end digestive system.

They eat and digest the same way. Sponges are anchored to the land meaning they cannot move to another place even if it is it get food. Sponges get food by article Rosseau College using a celia called a choanocyte to get their food. The cnidarian's body structure is where can i write online American Preparatory School, radial symmetry. Article! It has a dead-end digestive system. The have tentacles to capture foods and a pneumatorytes to sting preys with neurotoxin. Writing Prompts! The cnidarian has two classes; the jellyfish and the anthozoan. The jellyfish floats, are bell-shaped, and is clear. The arthozoan is upside down jellyfish, not clear, and is attached. The annelid's body structure is bilateral symmetry. Article Writing Lake! They have a one-way digestive system.

They have a anterior, posterior, body cavity and a digestive system. The two classes of this phylum are earthworms and polychaetes. The earthworms are detritavores. They also have no limbs and lives on land. On the other hand, polychaetes live in the marines and have limbs on segment. Polychaetes are carivores unlike the earthworms. Like the annelids, the mollusk also has a bilateral symmetry body structure and a one-way digestive system. Writing For College Applications Fryeburg! The mollusk phylum has a body plan foot, visceral mass, a head, and a coelum made from mesoderm.

The mollusk has three separate classes; the bivalves, gastoropods, and the cephalopods. The bivalves have a three-layered shell, siphon, gills, and mantles. Writing In English Rosseau Lake College! They also have an abductor muscle, and hinge lingments. The bivalves are planktavores. The gastropods also have a shell. They live possibly anywhere in the world. Like the write American University Preparatory School bivavles, the gastropods also have gills. The cephalopods have mantle, gills, arms, and writing Rosseau, tentacles.

Unlike the others, the cephalopods have suckers or hooks. The arthropods have a bilateral symmetry body structure and a one-way digestive system. Their body plans are segmented, jointed appendages, a head, and an exoskeleton coelum. The arthropods have seven different classes. The classes are millipedes, centipededs, insects, crustaceans, arachinids, horseshoe crabs, and sea spiders. How To Write An Empathy Istituto Marangoni! The millipedes have two pairs of legs per segments. In English Lake College! They are herbivores. The centipedes are both herbivores and carnivores. They have sex legs on thorax and a head. The insects have a thorax and one pair of how to an empathy essay Istituto, abdomen. The arachnids have eight legs, a head, and article Rosseau, an abdomen.

They are carivores, The horseshoe crab's head is shaped like a horseshoe. The last phylum we learned about is the vertebrates. They also have a bilateral symmetry body structure. They have a one-way digestive system, a coelum, vertebrae, and a spinal cord. The phylum has five classes; the fish, amphibian, reptile, mammals, avies (birds).

The fish lives in a marina with fresh water: Most of them have two limbs. The amphibians have eggs dorsal, ventral fins and gills. Essay Milano! The reptiles have two pairs of limbs, thin skin, and eggs. The mammals have scales and eggs. In English College! Mammals are warm-blooded, has eggs, furs, and milk. Mammals have an internal fertilization. How To Write Essay — UMass Lowell! Mammals are also warm-blooded.

The avies have feathers and has two pairs of in english Lake College, limbs. Avies are coldblooded. Throughout this unit of the Animal Kingdom, I have come to the verdict that their body structure and the way it works separate animals to what phylum they belong to; not by their size. I also learn that even though some animals are in the same phylum, they are in another different class. I also learn that even though they are in different phylum and class, they also share similarities. There are a lot of types invi-art Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusks, arthropods and writing prompts Millfield, Vertebrates. They are different between them, like Annelids and sponges different because sponges water and annelids (worms) live OD the ground and they look different. Writing Lake! Some of them are similar they live in the same places and their like sponges and water and some vertebrates like fishes. Write An Empathy Essay Istituto Paris! Some of them looks like there the same to even though their not. Sponges live on the ocean they look like little tubes. Article In English Rosseau Lake! They have a body wall that penetrates many pores, and they are stuck or attach to the bottom. of the sea other Other submerged on the surface, like on write American, a rock.

They mostly stay steady they don't move, they stay on writing in english College, place for their entrie lives. When -they_eatiswhenmater4aesinanddt-traps organisms that are in the water then the water comes out the same way it comes in, so they use their mouth as their anus. Cnidarians which are jelly fish. Most have tentacles, they live on how to write essay Istituto Marangoni Paris, the sea and article Rosseau Lake College, their are a lot of them that lok different even though though they are the same orgadism They are kind of how to Istituto Marangoni Paris, clear and they have like purple or light blue mix. Jelly fish are predators they sting their prey with their tentacles.

Their are -2W speciesof *My fish- A jelly fish pry gds both male and female, if a huge jelly fish stings a human it can cause them to die in seconds. The Annelids, which are worms, they are familiar to all earthworms. some annelids live on fresh w7ater-.They 2,000 species of article Rosseau Lake College, annelids. that have have been known. They eat and trough it back out by Gordon (NAVITAS) their mouth which is their anus to. Polychaetas are marines they live on the ocean. Some swim and they are predators they use their jaws to feed on in english Lake College, other small animals. Annelids as polychaetas are same species. Mollusks andlot in common -even though they donl. American University! Some of the mollusks are marines, and they live on fresh water. Article Writing College! They have 3 body plan foot, visceral-.mass.andzoelom.

Their are different mollusks different kinds of an empathy Istituto, names like snails, .oysters, octopuses and others. Article In English Rosseau Lake! The bivalves have 2 shells (valves) which are layered by Fthe There are 1,000 species of bivalvia gastropods is the-class of snails and how to Istituto, slugs, they only have one single shell, they live everywhere they also have gills and lungs. There are SO,-OW species of the class class gastropods. The cephalopods octopuses,'. squids, cuttlefishes, and nautiluses. Their are 600 species of the in english Rosseau Lake class cephalopoda. Where Write An Essay Online University School! They-havzamantle,gills,_arms,_and tentacles. The arthropods are animals like insects like spiders and writing in english Rosseau College, beattles. Writing Millfield School! Their are more antrhopods living an earth than any othe rkind of animals.

Arthropods is the writing Rosseau class of writing level Istituto Marangoni Milano, insect which are insects and they eat plants. They have body parts like head, exoskeleton, coelon and 1a Millipedes-and Centipedes are-.nthropods that have a lot of legs, most-of them have.hard skin. They had also evolved from annelids so they have some kind of relation. Vertebrates are animals like fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Vertebrates have a back bone the article writing in english Lake College .fish isa marine animal and it has fins, scales, and like amphibians they have thin skin. So that is why some of them must reproduce in water or be moist.

The amphibians are animals like snake those don't need to be nn water they are warm blooded. The birds have feathers and most of the mammals have hairs so their all animals that have fur. and where write an essay online American University, they are cold blooded. A lot of this classes have things in common and some don't. Some animals are adapted to the same environment like the fish sponger and octopus live on water and they might have a thin skin to. Some of the animals have a different adaptations than others, for Lake example the spiders soave of them live on on the .desert where-is dry Others.-like fishes live on the water because they need to be on it so they don't dye. by prompts Millfield doing this essay I learned more beause I read a lot of the information that was -on-the book and I -saw plenty of more different stuff that they have. Throughout the Animal Kingdom labs and assignments that we've been through, I've noticed the article writing in english Lake differences and similarities between the major groups of animals.

The differences and descriptive writing essays (NAVITAS), similarities are based on their characteristics and things that distinguish them. Article College! In this essay, I will be comparing and contrasting Sponges, Cnidaria, Annelids, Molluska, Arthropods, and Vertebrates the best I can. Sponges are anchored all their lives. In that case, they just have to wait until food (plankton) come to them. They have dead-end digestive systems. Writing! When it comes to its form, they are considered asymmetrical. Cnidaria (Jelly fish) are anchored at in english Lake College, one point in their life (when they are babies), then they are free to can i an essay University Preparatory linger on the rest of their lives. Writing In English Rosseau College! They have dead-end digestive systems too.

When it comes to its form, they are radial symmetrical (round.) It uses its tentacles to get food by strangling fishes with them. At Masters Istituto Marangoni! Sea anemones (upside down jelly fish that are stuck onto rocks) on the other hand, are anchored but they too have tentacles. Annelids have an anterior and posterior. They have one-way digestive systems (mouth separated from anus.) When it comes to its form, they are considered as bilateral symmetrical. Earthworms are land dwellers, while Polychaetes are marine; earthworms are detritivores and article in english College, bacteriavore, while Polychaetes are carnivores; and earthworms does not have appendages while Polychaetes does. Molluska have one-way digestive systems. Essays Robert University! They have three part body plans: visceral mass, head, and foot. When it comes to its form, they are bilateral symmetrical.

They have a body cavity and a true coelom. Part of the Molluska group are Bivalvia (clams), Cephalopods (octopus and article in english Lake, squids), and Gastropods (snails.) Arthropods also have one-way digestive systems. Writing Essays For College Applications Academy! They are bilateral, and they have a exoskeleton. They are segmented just like annelids. They have jointed appendages. Article Writing In English Lake College! Arthropods have seven classes. Vertebrates have one-way digestive systems. They have complete set of organs, requires lungs to breath, and have jointed limbs.

They too are bilateral. All in conclusion, based on where can i write University School, my observations, I realized that most of them were bilateral. Annelids, Molluska, Arthropods, and Vertebrates are bilateral; unlike sponges and Cnidaria. Some are terrestrial while some are marine. Their characteristics may differ or be the same in different ways, but at the end they all belong to the animal kingdom. There are many different creatures in this world.

One creature that lives under the water is article writing in english Rosseau Lake, called Phylum (Sponges). They are anchored to the ground. They have a dead-end digestive system, it eat through it's mouth and empty it's waste through there too. They eat plankton, they move their bodies with the waves of the water, they catch the writing prompts Millfield School little particles in the water. Another one that lives in the water is Lake College, called Cnidaria (Jellyfish). They have a dead-end digestive system also.

They eat small fish that come near them. Descriptive Writing Robert (NAVITAS)! They sting them with their tentacles. The Phylum and the Cnidarians have one similarity they have a dead-end digestive system. The difference between them are very obvious, they have two different body shapes and many other things. Another creature is called an Annelids (Worms).

They live on the land. They have a one way digestive system, it's head is separated from writing in english it's bottom. It is bilateral symmetry, they live under the dirt. How To Essay Istituto Marangoni! They eat little particles of things they can find . Article Rosseau Lake! The worms and the jelly fish really don't have anything in common, but they do have things that are different. Like there digestive systems. The Mollusk (Calm) is another creature that lives in the water. It has a one way digestive system, it is bilateral.

It has a foot to writing prompts Millfield School bury itself under the writing sand. It eats by separating the sand from the food. What the Mollusk has in common with the writing Millfield Annelids are that they both have a one way digestive system and they both are bilateral symmetry. What they don't have in common is that the Mollusk has a hard shell covering and writing Rosseau College, the Annelids do not. Another creature is prompts for essays, Arthropods, They are also known as insects. They eat their food by catching it. Some use they fangs, webs, stinger and many other things. They have a one way digestive, system and are bilateral symmetry. Writing Rosseau Lake College! They have a exoskeleton, which means that their skeleton is on the outside. They have jointed appendages and they are segmented.

Some of them have compound eyes. They have a Nervous, Reproductive, and Circulatory system. They Mollusk and Arthropods have a Nervous, Reproductive, Circulatory system. They both have a one way digestive system. They are different from how to essay Istituto each other because the College Mollusk don't have a compound eyes nor a exoskeleton. Another one is Chordates (Vertebrates). Writing Robert University (NAVITAS)! They live on land and eat by catching their food. In English College! They have a one way digestive system and bilateral symmetry. They have an Nervous, reproductive, Circulatory system.

They Tissues and Muscles in the inside of their body. They have a internal skeleton which means that their skeleton is in descriptive writing essays University (NAVITAS) the inside unlike the Arthropods. They also have jointed appendages. The Arthropods and the Vertebrates have the same systems. There are many similarities and differences between the animal groups. The ones that I am comparing are these group animals: annelids (worms), arthropods, mollusk, sponges, and vertebrates.

These groups are going to be compared and contrast. Either the groups have things that are similar or differences. There are many different answers between all of them. Their lifestyles, description and other things about them will be compared and contrast. Sponges are very different from the article Rosseau Lake rest of the phyloms. All of these animals have a symmetry. Sponges are assymetrical symmetry while the write essay — UMass Lowell annelids, mollusk, vertebrates, and arthropods all have bilateral symmetry so that makes the sponges different from the rest of the animal groups. Article Writing In English Rosseau Lake! They have a dead end digestive system and the rest of the groups all have one-way digestive system. There aren't that many similarities between the sponges and the rest of the animals but one of the essay at masters Istituto Milano similarities are that both the arthropods and sponges filter food particles from water by trapping them in their choanocycte.

The food is then digested inside the cells. A type of sponge is the jellyfish and they digest food in their digestive cavity. They use pneumatocytes (stings the prey) to capture the food. They are anchored in one place, as are most plants and animals are usually not anchored. Article Writing In English Rosseau Lake College! They are neuro toxin. Writing For Essays School! They catch food in a way that the others do very differently.

Annelids, known as worms are similar to the rest of the groups except the sponges in that they have a bilateral symmetry and that they have a one way digestive system. they have an interior and article writing in english College, a posterior. One type of annelid is the earthworm. They are detritivores, which means that they eat dead leaves, animals, and bacteria. Its segments have limbs. There are many groups of worms. The two main ones are the Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) polychaetes and the oligochaetes. They are different from the rest of the article Lake College groups in that they have eight and no other animals have the an essay University same amount. The annelids and the arthropods are both segmented.

Mollusks like the rest except the sponges are also bilateral symmetry and have a one way digestive system. One type of mollusk is a bivalve clam. It has a very good nervous system. Since it lives in water, it has gills for it to writing breathe. A bivalve means two valves or shells. Essay Writing Level Istituto Marangoni! The shells have three layers: An outer organic layer (periostracum), a middle layer of calcium carbonate (prismatic layer), and article writing Rosseau Lake, an inner calcified organic layer (mother of pearl). Writing Prompts For Essays Millfield School! They live in the ocean or land on top of the in english Lake rocks. The mollusk and the arthropods both have coelom but the coelom from the mollusk is made from messentary. The two most important type of mollusk group is the cephalopods and the gastropods. Arthropods are bilateral symmetry and have a one way digestive system, which is the descriptive essays Gordon University same as all except for the sponges. Like the mollusk they too have a coelom.

It is segmented, has a head, jointed appendages, and Rosseau, an exoskeleton. A type of writing for essays, arthropod from one of the seven classes is the millipede or the centipede. Arthropods have seven classes. Arthropods are different from the rest of the animal group in that they have a lot of classes. They are more diverse and complex. They are also different in that they have eight legs and three body parts. The body parts are the head, abdomen, and the thorax. They have two pairs of antennas. They are probably different from all the animals from its whole body to the type to its lifestyle. The vertebrate is another type of animal that is writing Rosseau Lake, very different from the rest.

Some classes of vertebrates are amphibians, reptiles, avies which are birds, fish, and mammals. Humans are mammals. They are bilateral symmetry and have a one way digestive system like the animals except the sponges. They have coelom like the arthropoods and the mollusk. They have a backbone and an internal skeleton. All the vertebrates have lungs so they use the lungs to breathe. Different types of vertebrates are different but they have things in applications Fryeburg Academy common that they dehydrate and dry out easily. Article In English Rosseau Lake College! Some lay eggs and some fertilizes and descriptive essays, reproduce that way. Mammals develop milk which other vertebrates don't. Mammals and avies are warm-blooded while the reptiles, amphibians, fishes are all cold blooded.

Vertebrates come in many types. Article Rosseau College! There are a lot of species of vertebrates. An Mba Lowell — UMass Lowell! Some of the warm-blooded and cold-blooded animals are similar to the other animal groups. The Animal Phyla includes sponges, cnidarians, annelids, mollusks, arthropods, and vertebrates. Each phylum also has different classes. Article Rosseau College! Every phylum is also special because they differ in some of the same and write essay Marangoni Paris, some different characteristics. Symmetry is one of the characteristics that make each phylum different. Sponges have asymmetrical body. Asymmetrical is when the body has low lack of Rosseau Lake, symmetry. Cnidarians have radio-symmetry, which is when the body has a regular, circle shaped body. Descriptive Essays Robert Gordon! Annelids, mollusk, arthropods, and writing Rosseau College, vertebrates have a bilateral symmetry.

Bilateral symmetry is when the for essays Millfield similar body parts are the same ,e side of a median axis. This means that one side mirrors the other side. There are two digestive systems that make each of them different. One is writing in english Rosseau Lake, called a dead end digestive system and the other one is called a one way digestive system. Essay Writing At Masters Istituto Marangoni Milano! Dead end digestive system is when food comes in one opening and article writing Lake College, waste comes out the same opening.

One way digestive system is writing for college applications Academy, where food goes in one opening and in english, it goes through the body and out in another opening. Sponges and an mba essay University of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass Lowell, cnidarians each have a dead end digestive system. Annelids. mollusk, arthropods, and vertebrates each have a one way digestive system. In the cnidarians class, there is the jellyfish and article writing in english Rosseau, Anthozoans. In the annelids class there is the earthworm and Polychaetes. Mollusk includes bivalves, gastropods, and cephalopods. Arthropods include millipedes, centipedes; and insects. Vertebrates include crustacean, arachnids, amphibians, reptiles, fish, birds. and mammals. Another thing that makes them different are some various things.

Sponges feed on plankton by their filter. Cnidarians catch food by using neumatocytes (neurotoxins). They have a very simple nervous system and School, they can detect light and detect motion good. Annelids are detritivores and carnivores. Rosseau Lake! They have a more complex nervous system and can i write an essay online University Preparatory School, a body cavity. Mollusks have a good circulatory system and a good nervous system. Arthropods have a segmented body and jointed appendages. They also have an writing in english College, advanced nervous system. How To Write Essay University Of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass Lowell (Navitas)! Vertebrates have spinal cord and an internal skeleton. They also have an advanced nervous system and a good advanced circulatory system. As you can see, there are many things that make each phylum similar and different.

The two things that make it really different are the symmetry and the digestive system. I learned a lot about in english Rosseau College, each phylum. There are a lot of different characteristics of phylum in the animal kingdom. How To Essay University — UMass (Navitas)! Each characteristics has its own body structure, the writing Rosseau way they capture their prey, the prompts for essays School way they digest, and more. The characteristics that we have studied are sponges, cnideria (jelly fish), annelids (worms), mollusks (clams), and article writing Rosseau Lake, the characteristic with the largest amount of classes, anthropods (insects). We're studying about all these different kinds of writing essays Robert University (NAVITAS), characteristics because we wanted to learn how to observe and article writing in english Rosseau, describe the body structures, habitats, and digestive system and to see how each type of characteristics works. Since all these kinds of how to write University Lowell — UMass (Navitas), characteristics looks so different, I'm going to compare and contrast them as you read on. Sponges are creatures that live under the sea, they are anchored to the ground.

They have asymmetry shaped body. They also have a dead-end digestive system (like the jelly fish), it sucks water into its mouth and traps the planktons (food) with its cilia. Writing In English Rosseau! After it digests, its remains also come out from the mouth. Sponges have no body cavities unlike the mollusks (clams). Cniderias (jelly fish) are creatures that live under water (like the sponges) but they flows around in the water. They have a radial symmetry system unlike other characteristics. Jellyfish have a dead-end digestive system like the sponges, everything comes in and comes out the same way. They use their tentacles to stig their prey with pnematocyts.

Jellyfish also digest very slowly. Writing Prompts For Essays! There's also the sea annemies that works the same way as jellyfish but they're anchored to the ground and they look like an up-side-down jellyfish. Annelids (worms) are creatures that live underground. They move by detecting its light source. They have a bilateral symmetry (unlike the cnideria and the sponges) because you could see the writing in english anterior and posterior very clearly shown on Robert, its body structure. In English College! Since they have a bilateral symmetry shaped body, they have a one-way digestive system. Annelids have a segmented body.

There's a heart in essays for college Fryeburg Academy which of the segments expect for the anterior, posterior, and article Rosseau Lake, digestive parts because they need room for those. Essay Writing At Masters Level Milano! Annelids could be detritavores or carnivores. Detritavores are earthworms that live underground and eat tiny organisms from the sand's surface. Earthworms have no appendages attach to them. Carnivores are polychaetes (worms that lives under water) and article College, eat only meat.

Polychaetes have appendages attach to the anterior part. Mollusks (clams) are creatures that live under the sand of the beach or ocean. Write Essay Istituto Marangoni! They have a one-way digestive system and a bilateral symmetry shaped body just like the annelids. Mollusks have body cavity and have a true coelom unlike any other characteristics. The mollusks have a more advance nervous and circulatory system. For the clams, they have two shells on the outside that's connected by in english Lake the muscles on its side. In the clams' shells, there are the three body parts, foot, head, and visceral mass. Clams also have 3 layers called the organic layer, middle layer, and a mother of pearl layer. Clams captures its' prey but sticking its siphon above the surface of the sand. As the water comes, it uses its siphon to suck in the water.

When the water is how to write an mba of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass Lowell, sucked in, it separates the planktons (food) from the waste. All the waste and remains will go out another siphon. Lake College! Clams move by using its foot and walk around under the sand. I think anthropods are the write an mba essay University — UMass Lowell most interesting characteristic, which we have studied. Anthropods are the article in english Rosseau Lake College characteristic, which have the most classes. Anthropods are found in any parts of the how to write an empathy essay world. They have a one-way digestive system and a bilateral symmetry like the annelids, and mollusks. They also have segmented body like the annelids.

Anthropods have joined appendages like the polychaetes. Writing Rosseau Lake! Anthropods are more develop and they have a shell that grows out of its body (like crabs) called exoskeleton. Anthropods have a total of writing essays Gordon, seven different classes. Those seven classes are called millipedes, centipedes, scorpions and spiders, horseshoe crabs, crustaceans, sea spiders, and insecta. Millipedes and centipedes are a very similar class because they both have a similar body structure. The millipedes have two pairs of legs on each segment and the centipedes have one pair of leg on each segment.

Scorpions and spiders have 4 pairs of legs and they both have poison inserted near their anterior parts. Article In English Rosseau Lake College! Horseshoe crabs are crab with five pairs of legs like a grasshopper and its' whole body is under a shell. A horseshoe crab's tail is essays Robert (NAVITAS), usually used to article Rosseau Lake College balance itself. Sea spiders are creatures that look like a spider but it has a much tinier body. Write University School! Sea spider has every body parts that are attached to its body. Writing Rosseau College! Insectas are a group of creature that has wings, shells, and jointed appendages, which grows out from its body. After comparing and contrasting all those different characteristics I found out that all creatures would have at how to write essay of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas), least one thing similar to the others no matter how different they look. When I think more into the different characteristics, the writing in english Lake more similar it will get. After I have finished written this essay, I have learned how the how to essay University Lowell Lowell (Navitas) characteristics are connected and I know more information about them.

In the animal kingdom there are many Phyla. These phyla can be broken down by their characteristics. Article Writing Rosseau! Take for example there are 2 ways they can be separated because one group has bilateral, the other has radical symmetry and the last one is asymmetrical. So right from the start that separates the phyla from writing Marangoni each other. There are also things like the digestive system. Article Writing In English Rosseau College! These are all things that make them different from each other. One characteristic that right away separates the phyla's is their body symmetry. There are bilateral, radical and asymmetrical. Bilateral is basically mirror images of the can i write an essay online University School body. Which means that the right side is a mirror image of the left side. Asymmetrical is when the body has low lack of article writing in english Lake College, symmetry.

Radical symmetry is prompts Millfield School, when the article writing Rosseau College basic body shape is in a circle. The jellyfish is a perfect example of radical symmetry. Arthropods, vertebrae, worms, and writing Millfield School, mollusks belong to article in english College bilateral symmetry. Last but not least is the how to an mba University of Massachusetts (Navitas) sponge, which goes to the asymmetrical group. Another characteristic that can separate them is their digestive system. The dead-end and article writing in english, the one-way digestive system. The dead-end is where food goes in to one hole and comes out of the same hole it went in through.

Two phyla's that have a dead-end digestive system are the sponges and the jellyfish. The one-way digestive system is when food goes in one hole and goes through the digestive system and out through another hole. 4 phyla's that have one-way digestive system are the arthropods, vertebrae, worms, and an empathy Marangoni Paris, the mollusks. One more characteristic that separates the phyla's more, other then their body symmetry and their digestive system is their segmentation. Other then the article College arthropods having their bilateral symmetry and their one-way digestive system their also segmented.

Segmentation is where the animals are divided into write essay Marangoni Paris, segments. Another phyla that also has segmentation is the worms (annelids). Their body is article writing Rosseau Lake College, also segmented. All of these animals have a different body plan. Starting with the arthropods, their body plans includes segmented parts, a jointed head and a exoskeleton. All vertebras have a spinal cord. Sponges are anchored and have no body cavity. Descriptive Gordon University! The jellyfish captures food with their tentacles. They are also clear, and have a bell shaped body. Annelids have a head which is article Lake, known as the anterior and the bottom is known as the posterior.

They also have a nervous system. Mollusks have a 3 part body plan: foot, visceral mask, and head. I learned that there are 6 different phyla's. They are separated from one another by their characteristics such as their body symmetry, digestive system, etc. They are also evolving and moving up, because their able to fly, they have wings, and have internal fertilization. I also learned that ether all advanced in one way or another. How To Write An Empathy Essay! Also through time they are getting more classes of article writing in english Rosseau Lake, phyla as they are moving up on the line of evolution. Their all different in their own ways but they come together in the animal kingdom and that what makes them similar.

The Animal Kingdom is at once the Kingdom most and least familiar to us. Almost all of the animals we commonly think of. From lions and level Milano, tigers to ants and monkeys, this is an extremely diverse group of life. Sponges are filters. They eat mostly plankton. Sponges are asymmetrical. They have dead-end digestive systems, which means that the food and article College, waste out of the same place it came from. They have no body cavity and are hermaphrodites. This is write American University Preparatory School, a pretty simple species, but annelids are much more advanced when it comes to versatility. Annelids are segmented worms from the family Phylum Annelida. One of the most commonly knows member of article writing Lake College, this family is the earthworm.

Earthworms have 150 segments. They have dorsal pores at at masters Istituto Marangoni Milano, each segment between each two. Earthworms posses two pairs of pores opening into the seminal receptacles. During mating, it coats the writing Rosseau Lake eggs with mucus for egg development. Earthworms eat decaying vegetation, through their mouths, into the pharynx, goes to the esophagus and in the stomach until it reaches the anus. Earthworms have multiple hearts in more than one segment. They also have respiratory and circulatory systems. Annelids have bilateral symmetry and writing for college applications Fryeburg Academy, they have a one way digestive system. Writing In English Lake College! They are detrivores and carnivores.

However they don't have a central nervous system. Annelids are much more advanced compared to sponges, but compared to mollusks, they aren't very special. Mollusks have bilateral symmetry. They also have one way digestive systems. All mollusks have a coelom, organ systems and 3 basic mollusk parts: the head, foot and visceral mass. Mollusks overall have good nervous systems and good circulatory systems. Mollusks are the first group to actually develop a true coelom. Many animals after the mollusk now have body cavities. The arthropods have even better systems than mollusks. Arthropods have bilateral symmetry and one way digestive systems like most animals do. In fact, 75% of all animals belong to the phylum arthropods (which also includes spiders and insects).

All arthropods have a hard exoskeleton made of chiton, a type of essay writing Istituto Milano, protein. In English Rosseau! This shell provides protection for the animals, and gives support for Robert Gordon University the attachment of the arthropod's muscles. Although arthropods grow, their exoskeletons do not grow with them. So they must periodically shed, or molt their exoskeletons in favor of a new one. Arthropods (arthro meaning joint, and pod meaning leg) also have jointed appendages. Lost limbs can gradually be regenerated after successive moltings. Article Rosseau Lake! Arthropods have only one heart and head region. They also have very good circulatory systems and respiratory systems.

This is a very advance species, but one more type surpasses it. Writing At Masters Level Istituto Marangoni Milano! They just so happen to be vertebrates. Vertebrates have bilateral symmetry and one way digestive systems. They all have coeloms and vertebras. All of article in english, them also have very advanced nervous systems and good circulatory systems. They inhabit all regions of the how to an empathy essay Istituto Marangoni earth. Earth, sea, sky you name it and article Lake, there will be a vertebrate somewhere around there.

They are omnivores, carnivores and at masters Marangoni, herbivores. In class we did a section of writing Rosseau Lake, dissecting animals called Animal Kingdom. During the Istituto dissections we had homework that teaches us about each of the writing in english Lake animals before we dissected it. So we learned all the parts of the animals and then we identified the parts of essays Robert Gordon, each animal while dissecting it. When we were done with the dissecting eve would draw it and article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, label it. So now we know a lot more about the animals that we studied. We studied things like sponges, Cnidaria, which are jellyfishes, annelids or worms, mollusks which are clams, and arthropods or insects. Now we are able to compare each animal to each other. Sponges have a dead end digestive system. That means that what they eat and the digest comes out from the same place.

What also have the dead end digestive system is Cnidaria. But the Annelids have a different digestive they have a one way digestive system. That means that the mouth is separate from the anus. The mollusks is also have a one way digestive system, and so do the arthropods. Cnidaria are radially symmetrical. That means they are circular. The Sponges are not radially symmetrical but they are asymmetrical. Essays Robert Gordon University! Asymmetrical means that that class is not symmetry at all. Mollusks are not any of them but they are bilaterally symmetrical. Bilateral symmetry means that the left part of the writing Lake College dog and the right part of a dog is the at masters Istituto same, then it is article writing, bilaterally symmetrical. What is also bilaterally symmetrical is the arthropods.

Annelids body's are segmented. Write Paris! Which are different from the other classes. But each are replaced with something different. Like the writing in english sponges, they have little cilia's that help them capture food:-The Cnidaria have something just as good or maybe even better. They have tentacles that use neuro-toxins to help capture it's prey.

Mollusks have shells to help it protect itself, and arthropods have exoskeletons, to help it protect itself too. From this whole lab I learned a lot. I learned more about animals and got to how to write an empathy essay Istituto Paris know their inside parts a lot more better. Article Writing In English Lake College! Also I learned a lot of characteristics from each class of writing Robert, animals. Like if they were anchored or mobile.

Or if they had shells or not, and stuff like that. 5o all together I learned a lot about these animals and writing in english College, which class they came from. The Animal Kingdom has lots of characteristic in their colum. Sponges, Anneldis, and Arthoropods are similar. They both have the same things in them. The sponges have asymmetry, multicellularity, dead-end digestive system, attached to the substrate, choanocytes, and corals. How To Write Essay Istituto Marangoni Paris! Them are all characteristic. Annelids have bilateral symmetry, segmented, multicellularity, tissue, body cavity, true coelom, organ system, dead-end digestive system, one-way digestive, mobile, head, setae.

As you can see annelids have the same mobile, multicelluarity as sponges. Arthropods have bilateral symmetry, thre part body plan, segmented, multicellularity, tissue, body cavity, true coelom, organ systems, one-way digestive system, compound eyes, jointed appendages, exoskeleton, moble, visceral mass, Arachnida, Centipeds, and Chilopoda Arthropods have moble, bilaterial, segmented, ect. just like annelids. Sponges, Annelids and Arthropods are similar because they have at least 4-6 same characteristic in them. Its like they kinda function the article writing Rosseau same way. For College Fryeburg Academy! The sponges and Anneldis are similar because they both carrie multicelluarity.

Sponges are any porous aquatic sessile animal of the article writing in english Lake phylum Porifera having a fibrous siliceous or calcareous internal skeleton and how to write, lacking tissue organization. Article Writing In English Lake! The skelton of cerain sponges readily absorbing water and becoming soft when we while retaingin toughness. Sponges and Anneldis are different from each other, because 1-13 characteristics more than sponges. Arthropods are any invertebrate of the of the Arthropod having a segmented body, jointed limbs, and a mineralized chitinous shell covering. Sponges and Arthropods are different from each other because Arthropods have symmetry and a three-part body plan, have tissue and an organ system. their similar to American University Preparatory each other because they both have mulicellularity.

Sponges don't really carrie a lot of things into their bodys. Annelids are any segmented worm of the phylum Annelida, which includes the in english Rosseau earthworms, leeches, and various marine forms. In some ways their different and some ways their not. There are many different pieces of animals on over the world. We may not know all of them but somehow we still can hear from other or learn from our school. Animals are an important part that helps balance the circulatory system of the world and supply food to essays Robert Gordon humans. Writing In English Rosseau Lake College! Therefore, we need to learn about them so that we can preserve their lives. In my biology class, I learned about Sponges, Cnidarians (Jelly fish), Annelids (worm), Mollusk (clam), Arthropods (spider), Vertebrae (mammals). Now, let see the differences and similar from those animals.

First, we see their similar characteristics. The sponges and the Cnidarians have dead end digestive system. That means they eat in and throw out by the same way. They don't have body cavity. They live in the sea or ocean. They are anchored because the Anthozoan (emaciation's class) always attaches to the rock and how to an empathy Istituto Marangoni, they will die without the rocks.

So they capture prey by water. Article Lake College! Sponges, Jellyfish and Annelids are detritavores or carnivores. Annelids, Mollusk, Arthropods, and Vertebrae have bilateral symmetry. They have one-way digestive system. They have head. They have body cavity. Where Write Online American University Preparatory! They live everywhere. They are herbivores or carnivores except Mollusk. They have coelom except Annelids.

They have segmented body except mollusk and vertebrae. Annelid (polychaetes) and Vertebrae (fish and amphibian and avies) have limbs. Arthropods and Vertebrae have legs. Most of animals have more different characteristics than similar characteristics. Article In English Rosseau Lake! The sponges are asymmetrical. The Cnidarians has radial symmetry. For College Applications! Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and article Lake, Vertebrae have Bilateral symmetry. Sponges and Cnidarians have dead end digestive system and don't have body cavity but Annelids, Mollusk, Arthropods, and write University of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas), Vertebrae have one-way digestive system and body cavity.

Sponges are anchored but Annelids, Mollusk, Arthropods, and Vertebrae can move. Sponges and Cnidarians, Annelids don't have coelom and article writing Rosseau, head but Mollusk, Arthropods, and Vertebrae have coelom and online American School, head. Sponges capture preys by Rosseau choanocyte (cilia) but Cnidarians capture prey by tentacles and neurotoxin (make the preys can't move). Annelids and Arthropods have segmented body but others don't have. Mollusk has foot. Level Istituto! Arthropods have legs. Vertebrae and College, polychaetes of write University of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass (Navitas), Annelids have limbs. Sponges and Cnidarians don't have foot and Rosseau Lake, legs and writing prompts School, limbs. Mollusks have shells, visceral mass but others don't have. Arthropods have jointed Appendages and exoskeleton but others don't have.

Vertebrae have vertebrae and spinal cord but others don't have. Sponges and Cnidarians don't have digestive system but others have. Some mollusks have gills and mantle but others don't have except the fish of Vertebrae. Vertebrae have cold or warm blood but others don't have. Vertebrae (Avies and article Rosseau College, mammals) have feathers but others don't have.

Arthropods and earthworm live on the land but Sponge and Jellyfish live in the sea; Mollusks live everywhere. Annelids have the most advanced nervous system. Arthropods have abdomen but others don't have. Vertebrae (fish, Amphibian, Reptiles) have eggs but others don't have. Mollusks (Bivalves) are planktavores. Writing Essays For College! Jellyfish Arthropods and Vertebrae are herbivores or carnivores. The world is so beautiful. It creates a lot of in english Rosseau, natural lives for people, plants, and animals. Those relate very tight to write online Preparatory one another to balance the circulatory system.

We need to have knowledge about nature because that is what we face to everyday. We also need to preserve it. In English College! Animals are the first title that I have learned in class. They are interesting because I didn't know about them before. Throughout the unit, Animal Kingdom I have learned more about each phylum. Writing Essays Robert (NAVITAS)! We have named the major groups in writing Lake the animal kingdom and also had to describe the anatomy of the animals. We have dissected animals in having a closer look inside each different phylum. Through my perspective it was very nasty and I have to writing for college applications Fryeburg admit I almost couldn't handle it but at the end I ended up having fun.

Also I have seen more inside of a phylum more than I expected to see. During this unit I have seen and get to learn more about at least 6 different phylum. I have also learned their similarities and in english Lake, differences, like their digestive systems, body parts, and writing Millfield School, etc. Like the Sponges, Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Vertebrae who each has their own characteristic that is similar yet some how different from article in english each other which makes each phylum interesting to essay at masters level Istituto get to know about. In this unit, we started off reading about the Sponges in out textbook. Article Rosseau Lake College! I have learned that they are Asymmetrical and also it has a Dead-end digestive system. The Sponges uses something called the write an mba Lowell — UMass Lowell cilia to writing Rosseau Lake capture its food and can i online, also the sponges are anchored in one spot. Unlike the Sponges there is the Cnidarians who has a Radio Symmetry body. Like the Sponges the Cnidarians has a dead-end digestive system, but it capture its prey by using pneumatocytes which stings its prey and effect the Lake nerves system. An example of Cnidarians would be the jellyfishes and how to an mba University Lowell Lowell (Navitas), the Sea Anemones, which are like the in english Rosseau College jellyfish, but it is stuck upside down. Another phylum that we have study and has a different characteristics than the Sponges and the Cnidarians would be the Annelids.

The Annelids has a bilateral symmetric body, which means that they have an Anterior in another word the head, posterior (butt) and etc. Prompts Millfield School! The Annelids is also different from the Sponges and Cnidarians because they have a one-way digestive system and it has body cavity also it has many hearts in another word it is segmented. A class from this phylum would be the earthworms. College! The earthworms have a segment body and have many hearts. Descriptive Robert! Beside that earthworms also has body cavity, like I seen when we cut open the earthworm in class. Next would be that Mollusks, it is similar to the Annelids because it also has a bilateral symmetric body, one-way digestive system, and body cavity. The Mollusks also has a 3 part body containing a foot, visceral mass, and head. Its mouth and anus is article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, lays near each other, unlike the earthworms whose mouth and an essay American Preparatory School, anus doesn't lays near each other. An example of article in english College, Mollusks would be the Clams who are in the Bivalves class. It has 2 valves also known as shells, mantle and also has gills.

It is Marine and lives in fresh waters. The last two phylum that I have learned more about throughout this unit is Arthropods and the Vertebrae. Istituto! The Arthropods is also has a bilateral body just like the Annelids and the Mollusks, and it also has a one-way digestive system, it also has coelom. The Arthropods is writing in english Lake College, segmented like the earthworms but it is jointed appendages and has exoskeleton. The classes millipedes who has 2 pairs of legs, centipedes who has 1 pairs of 100 legs, insects who crawls, flies, and has 3 part of body and 8 legs. The arachnids who has 8 legs and 3 part body and also a carnivores, horseshoe crabs who has a big head, and sea spiders, and etc all part of the Arthropods phylum. Last but not least would be the Vertebrae whose also has a bilateral body, one-way digestive system, coelom, backbones, and unlike the Arthropods they have internal skeleton. We human would be in the mammal class who has hair/fur, is warm-blooded, has internal fertilization, very developed lungs, and produces milk. Class of essay Milano, Amphibians who can be dried out easily, breath through skin, it has simple lungs, not as developed as mammals, and it lay eggs. Article Writing Rosseau Lake! Class of Reptiles who has thick skins like the crocodiles, stronger skeletons, developed lungs, also lays eggs, but yet cold-blooded. Vertebrae also have the class of Aires, birds, whose has feathers, and lay eggs, also has very developed lungs, and lays eggs.

Last but not least would be the class of fish, they have scales, lay eggs, have gills, and write online School, cold blooded. Overall through this unit I have got to understand and have the chance to see most of the different structure each phylum has and Lake, learn to be able naming which phylum each classes belongs in. Being able to have a closer look into the animal kingdom made me and better understanding and yet being able to have fun learning its characteristics. So through this essay I have showed how each phylum's are and you should be able to understand how each phylum are differs from one another. Like the vertebrae who is differ from the sponges because vertebrae has a bilateral body and the sponges has a asymmetrical body, also sponges has a dead-end digestive system and vertebrae has a one-way digestive system so them both phylum are pretty different from each other. So that is an writing for essays School, example of how two phylum can be different from article writing each other. Overall, I have got to writing prompts for essays School understand more about each phylum and what phylum each class belongs to.

Having to understand more about the phylum's characteristic made me realized how each is differ yet some are similar to each other. In the in english Rosseau animal kingdom there are many different classes of animals that are in ways alike or different. Whether it's the way that their bodies adapt to certain circumstances or how they look, along with many other things. We looked at six different categories of animals and the classes of animals within those categories along with their characteristics. That showed me the differences of many animals and the things that make them all different. Each animal finds a way to survive and that is very important when the time comes to do so. They all vary from writing different shapes, sizes, and colors. The characteristic of writing Lake College, each animal is different. Write Essay Marangoni! Some have a skeleton, some don't have a head, feet, arms, or eyes. Others don't have eyes or have compound eyes like some insects.

Each animal is symmetric, asymmetric, radial symmetric or bilaterally symmetric. Sponges along with Mollusks are asymmetric animals but sponges are not capable of moving from place to place. Article In English Rosseau Lake! Sponges are very different from Robert University (NAVITAS) Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Vertebrates. All these animals have tissue unlike the sponge and in english Lake College, most of them have a body cavity except for sponges and cnidarians. Sponges are able to absorb water and filter it, by filtering it, it is able to catch it's food because it eats very small organisms. Writing School! They do not have eyes, a skeleton, a body cavity, an organ system, a foot and article Rosseau Lake College, they don't have an organ system. All this makes sponges very different from other types of animals that do have these things and or that are able to essay writing at masters Istituto Marangoni move around. They also don't have a way to writing Rosseau attack other animals but that's probably not necessary for essays applications sponges any ways taking into consideration that they aren't predators. There are some animals like the jellyfish that have a dead end digestive system meaning that both mouth and anus are located at the same spot and used for article in english Rosseau Lake College both things. Sponges are also like that but annelids and other animals like dogs, cats, humans, and many more have a one way digestive system.

They have both anus and mouth at different parts of their bodies and each one is used for essay writing at masters level Marangoni a different purpose. Jellyfish are mobile and they catch their food by killing it with their tentacles. It's like electrocuting it, some jellyfish are actually powerful enough to kill a person. They are radial symmetric because their head is round at the top, also they are made up of College, tissue and have no bones in their bodies or an organ system. Scyphozoan is a type of animal that falls into the Cnidaria category with the jellyfish. Annelids along with arthropods and essay, vertebrates are bilateral symmetric. Also like Arthropods they are segmented and in english College, have a one way digestive system.

They are mobile like many other animals and have an writing essays for college applications Fryeburg, organ system, a body cavity and tissue. Many of the characteristics of annelids are similar to those of arthropods but arthropods have many animals that fall in that category like: Reptiles, Millipedes, Insecta, Diplopoda, Crustacea, Amphibians and Arachnida. All of those are mobile and have both an writing in english Rosseau College, internal and exoskeleton, and jointed appendages. Arthropods have an organ system, a body cavity and a one way digestive system. They are also segmented and writing essays applications, are made up of tissue like vertebrates. But vertebrates have a true coelom and have mammals as part of the writing in english College vertebrates. For Essays Millfield! Which means that they also have a one way digestive system, and have a head and article writing in english Lake, feet. They are also mobile and write University — UMass, have a skeleton along with jointed appendages.

A lot of animals have very similar characteristics but yet they are still very different. Lake College! The animal with the most differences might be sponges and arthropods may be the writing Fryeburg Academy most similar to vertebrates and Lake College, the other animals are kind of similar to each other and Istituto, they are also different but no matter what they are all animals and in in english one way or another they fall into very similar categories. Most animals are made up of tissue and they are all some type of symmetry. Writing Applications Academy! All animals have a way to find food even if they all have a different way to do it and Lake, that is one thing that they all have in common. So this is the descriptive University (NAVITAS) Animal Kingdom and these were the animals that we looked at. Each type of in english Rosseau Lake College, classes has different types of descriptions. The phylum of arachnids to sponges has different styles of life forms involving each species. Many which have different types of symmetries such as the Istituto Milano sponges has asymmetrical more different than the annelids where they have bilateral symmetry. As the phylum changes is more like evolving due to article writing in english the fact that each type of essay writing at masters level Istituto Marangoni, species become more complex than the others. Starting from the article writing in english College ocean as the beginning, sponges are one of the most popular phyla to explain that they have dead-end digestive system meaning they lack complex organs that help them have different organs for different purposes.

The Cnidarians (jelly fish) have evolved to the same description as the essays for college sponges because that they both have a dead end digestive system like many asymmetrical/ radial symmetry unlike most bilateral symmetry that has one-way digestive system. Both the article College sponges and cnidarians have a simple, nervous system that helps them sense things. Annelids start into a different system because bilateral symmetry mostly has the common one-way digestive system, which conclude more complex body organs. Annelids and Arthropods share things in common also such as segmented body unlike the rest of the phylum. Mollusks come with one-way digestive system like the others (not including the sponges and cnidarians), which means everything they eat comes out the posterior portion of the body. The mollusks also have a coelom not like cnidarians and sponges.

Sponges and the Cnidarians are more like outcast. Write An Empathy Istituto Marangoni! Everything from them is in english Rosseau Lake College, simple where everything else has more complex than simple. Mollusks have 3 body parts, which are the essays Fryeburg Academy foot, visceral mass, and head that gives them a good circulatory system and a well nervous system more well than sponges and cnidarians. Most different phylum is the vertebrae; they all have different things than the other species for one a vertebral column (back bone) and a spinal cored. Vertebras also have internal skeleton and very advance circulatory system and equip with very evolve nervous system. The bilateral symmetry is the reason for Lake College the one-way digestive system, which means vertebras, have an advance digestive system. Arachnids are different also.

Arachnids are insects and crustacean that mostly have 8 legs and essay writing at masters level Istituto Marangoni, holds their prey to make them into a liquid to be able to digest food. Even though they have a one-way digestive system, the arachnids do their digestive from the writing in english College outside in, instead of eating their prey then letting the stomach come into work automatically. We started this project (unit) to name the major groups in the animal kingdom, and write essay Istituto, describe the anatomy of the article writing Rosseau Lake these animals. As you would assume the different types of animals would have different characteristics, but some are similar in different areas. A lot of the different animals have the how to write an mba essay University of Massachusetts same type of symmetry, digestive systems, and Coelom. As far as symmetry, there is Asymmetry, radial symmetry, and bilateral symmetry. Animals such as the article writing Lake College Sponge have Asymmetry. Animals like Cnidarians have radial symmetry. Animals like the Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates or (Vertebrates) all share a bilateral symmetry.

There are two types of digestive systems that an animal can have. There is the dead-end digestive system, and the one-way digestive system. The dead-end digestive system is one which the animal eats the food source, then it is digested and through back up by the animal. Animals such as the sponge and the Cnidarians have this digestive system. On the other hand, the one-way digestive system is one which the food source is eating, digested, and goes not the other end of the animals. Essay Writing At Masters Istituto Milano! Animals such as the Annelids, Mollusks, Chordates (Vertebrates), and Arthropods have this digestive system. As far as the Coelom, the animals with true coelom are the Mollusks, the Arthropods, and the Chordates (Vertebrates). The Sponges, the Cnidarians, and the Annelids do not have it. In this project (unit) we set out to name the major groups in the animal kingdom, and describe the anatomy of these animals, and truthfully I hope we did.

I found not there was a lot I did not know about the animal kingdom. There were something I did not know were even animals. But over article writing in english College, all I had fun this unit, and I learned a lot. At this grading period, we learn a lot of things about Animal Kingdom. Descriptive Robert University (NAVITAS)! there are about 6 phylum. they are sponges, cnidarians (jellyfish), Annelid, Mollusk, Arthropods, and article writing Rosseau Lake College, Vertebrates. They are all somewhat different from each other. Sponges: sponges is a type of simple creature that does not move but grows a spreading rubber like frame full of small holes. Sponges are asymmetrical, they have a dead end digestive system.

And they have no body cavity. Unlike cnidarians, sponges have no nervous system. Cnidarians are jelly fishes. they are radial symmetrical. They also have a dead end digestive system. They have neumatocytes to write get their prey, and they have a simple nervous system.

Annelids are earthworm and Polychaetes, etc. They have a bilateral symmetrical. They have a one way digestive system. Article Writing In English! They have segmented body. They can be detritivores and carnivores.

Unlike cnidarians and sponges, annelids have a heart and circulatory, and they have body cavities. Mollusk is essay writing Marangoni Milano, a very big phylum. shrimps, clams they are all mollusks. mollusks have a bilateral symmetrical. they all have a one way digestive system, and Rosseau, mostly they are divided into three parts, foot, visceral mass, and head. Mollusk have a good circulatory, and a good nervous system and an mba University of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas), they all have a coelom. Compare to cnidarians and sponges, mollusks are more complex creatures. Arthropods are mostly injects. Writing Rosseau Lake College! They are bilateral symmetrical. Descriptive Gordon! they have one way digestive system. They are segmented, and they are jointed appendage, they have exoskeleton, head region, a heart and advance nervous system. Vertebrates are the writing in english Rosseau most complex and advance creature in the world. We and other animals are vertebrates. Vertebrates have a bilateral symmetry. They have a one way digestive system.

They have coelom, vertebrae and how to write essay of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas), spinal cord, internal skeleton advanced nervous system, and advanced circulatory. All six phylum are very unique and different from each other, and they also share some of the writing Rosseau Lake same facts like digestive system, etc. We did an unit on the animal kingdom. During the at masters level Marangoni couple of weeks we learn and dissect animals. We learn about the Annelid which are earthworms. We also learn about the phylum, Arthropods, Mollusks, sponges, and writing in english, vertebrates. We did some dissections on an earthworm, clam and a frog. We study each animal before we start dissecting them.

We took notes on essay Istituto Marangoni Milano, our notebook on writing in english Lake College, what we saw and the differences in an essay American Preparatory School them. I learn a lot about Phylum. At first I never even hear of in english, that name before, also I never seen or herd of sponge. It was fun and interesting. Millfield School! I also learn about the digestive system like the one way and the dead-end.

Animals like the jellyfish and sponges has an article, dead-end digestive system. A dead end digestive system is you eat and waste with the prompts for essays Millfield School same part. There is another kind of an digestive system. There is another kind of digestive system which is much different from the article writing in english dead end. That is the one way digestive system. The one way is you eat with your mouth and drop waste from how to write University of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas) your anus. The mollusk and the annelid also have an one way digestive system, and so do we. The annelids body is different from others. They have segments that goes around their body like little rings. The sponges have something that is different. The sponges have cilia.

The cilia on the sponges help them gather food. It is like a filter. How the Cnidarians get their food is by using their tentacles to stun or capture them, then bring it up to writing in english Rosseau their mouth. For College Fryeburg Academy! They use it as a net so their food would not run away. The tentacles is in english Rosseau Lake College, a good way of protecting itself too. Writing Prompts Millfield School! If the writing in english College enemy gets to close it will get stun or poison like their food.

The Mollusks has their own ways of protecting itself. They have an hard shell like an armor. If they close their shell nothing can get in prompts or out. So they predator will get nothing but an hard shell. The arthropods have an Rosseau, exoskeleton that is when your bones are outside so it can protect itself. Essay Writing At Masters Istituto! One of the arthropods that have an exoskeleton is the lobster. The exoskeleton is like an in english Rosseau, armor for them self, so it would be harder to Istituto Paris kill. The Cnidarians has a radically symmetrical.

That is an circular like the in english jellyfish. Writing Essays For College Fryeburg! The sponge is not an radically symmetrical but they are asymmetrical. Article In English! Mollusks, dogs, humans, and many other more are Bilateral symmetry. Essays For College Applications Fryeburg Academy! That is when you cut something in half each side will look the in english College same. An Empathy Istituto! The arthropods is article writing Rosseau Lake College, also bilateral symmetries like the for essays Millfield others. Throughout this unit I learn a lot about different animals. I learn about different things about each species and in english Rosseau College, what they can each do. I learn many things that I never knew about or ever heard.

After this unit I look at each animals differently and writing level Marangoni Milano, I think about article Rosseau Lake College, what they can do. I also learn that each animal and species have their own ways and special unique abilities. During the past few weeks, we have been working on a lab about the animal kingdom. In this lab, our purpose was to learn about the worms and its animal group kingdom. Also be able to descriptive essays University (NAVITAS) name and identify the article writing in english Rosseau College major groups in the animal kingdom, and describe the essay Istituto Milano anatomy of article writing in english Rosseau Lake, these animals. There are six main groups in write an mba Lowell — UMass the animal kingdom, that includes sponges, Cnidaria, Annelida, mollusks, arthropods, and vertebrae. We call these groups in terms of phylum, and each of them has different characteristics, appearances, and article writing Rosseau College, features. They are all made up of writing essays applications Fryeburg, different structures and article writing in english, that's what makes them unique to look at. Sponges are the simplest animals. There are about 9,000 species of sponges, and most of them live in the sea, but some species live in fresh water.

The sponges have the asymmetrical symmetry, which they do not have body parts that grow around a central point. The sponges have a dead-end digestive system, which their waste products will come out from the same place of where they eat food. Also the sponges are anchored in one spot and they use choanocyte to writing prompts for essays Millfield capture food to eat. The next group is Cnidaria, it has a radial symmetry which body parts grows and arranged around a central point. All Cnidarians are carnivores that capture their prey with tentacles that surround their mouth.

Their tentacles have stinging cells called nematocysts, so when they strike their prey, the pneumatocytes within their tentacles will sting the prey and it will not be able to move. Then the Cnidaria will bring the article in english College food up to write of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell its mouth to eat. One common example of the Cnidarians is jellyfish. The next one is Annelida, which is a general name for the group of worms. It has a bilateral symmetry, which have four different body parts. The top surface is in english, called the dorsal, the bottom surface is called the ventral, the front end is anterior and the back end is posterior. Annelida have a one-way digestive system that they eat food with its mouth and waste product come out from another end. Annelida are segmented and how to write an mba essay University of Massachusetts Lowell — UMass, they have eight hearts. Some of the Annelida species live on land while some live in the ocean.

Mollusks comes next and they also have a bilateral symmetry just like the Annelida. They have the one-way digestive system and have the body cavity called a coelom. Writing In English Lake College! Most of the mollusks have one or more shells called valves and they all have a three-part body plan, which includes the muscular foot, the head, and the visceral mass. Some common examples of the mollusks are the essays Fryeburg Academy clams and the snails. Arthropods, another group of animals that have a bilateral symmetry and one-way digestive system just like the mollusks and Annelida.

Arthropods are segmented and article Rosseau Lake, also have a coelom. There are nine characteristics within the arthropods, including the jointed appendages, segmentation, head, exoskeleton, compound eyes, spiracles, circulation, malpighian tubules, and wings. Also the arthropods are divided into seven different classes, which are Diplopoda, Chilopoda, Insecta, Malacostraca, Arachinida, Pycnogonida, and — UMass, Merostomata. From the seven classes, class Insecta is the most complex one because it has over 700,000 species. The last one is vertebrae, it also has a bilateral symmetry, one-way digestive system, and coelom. It is divided into five classes, which are amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, and fish. The amphibians lay eggs and breathe with lungs, reptiles have thick skins (scales), birds have feathers and developed lungs, mammals produce milk and are warm blooded, fish have scales, gills, and they are cold blooded. From this lab, I have learnt much more about the groups of animals' features and article Rosseau, characteristics. Although it was hard to learn and remember everything about the animal kingdom, but it is write University of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell, actually quite interesting to study about the animals' unique life styles, arid I believe that is very important, because by having more knowledge about the animal kingdom, we will be able to get a better understanding about it and article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, I think that is one of the main reasons of the importance of how to essay University of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell (Navitas), our education. Sometimes when the article in english information on animal kingdom gets complicated, it's hard to understand everything.

But eventually, I have overcome the problems that I struggled within this lab, and I had gained a better knowledge about the facts of the animal kingdom which I think is valuable. During the past few weeks, we have been working on a lab about the animal kingdom. In this lab, our purpose was to learn about the worms and its animal group kingdom. Also be able to name and identify the major groups in the animal kingdom, and describe the anatomy of these animals. There are six main groups in the animal kingdom, that includes sponges, Cnidarians, annelids, mollusks, arthropods, and vertebrae.

We call these groups in terms of phylum, and each of them has different characteristics, appearances, and features. They are all made up of different structures and that's what makes them unique to look at. Sponges are the where can i write University School simplest animals. In English Rosseau College! There are about writing essays Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), 9,000 species of sponges, and most of them live in the sea, but some species live in fresh water. The sponges have the asymmetrical symmetry, which they do not have body parts that grow around a central point. The sponges have a dead-end digestive system, which their waste products will come out article writing in english Rosseau College from the same place of write an empathy essay Marangoni Paris, where they eat food. Also the sponges are anchored in article one spot and they use choanocytes to capture food to eat. Unlike the other phylum, sponge is the only group that does not have tissues nor symmetry, but it does have the same kind of digestive system as Cnidarians though.

The next group is online University, Cnidarians, it has a radial symmetry which body parts grows and arranged around a central point. In English! All cnidarians are carnivores that capture their prey with tentacles that surround their mouth. Their tentacles have stinging cells called nematocysts, so when they strike their prey, the nematocysts within their tentacles will sting the prey and it will not be able to move. Then the Cnidarians will bring the writing Marangoni Milano food up to in english Lake College its mouth to eat. One common example of the cnidarians is jellyfish. Out of the write Lowell six phylum, Cnidarians is the only phylum that has a radial symmetry, and it also has tissues just like the other phylum except for sponges. The next one is Annelid, which is article writing in english Rosseau, a general name for the group of worms. It has a bilateral symmetry, which have four different body parts. The top surface is called the dorsal, the bottom surface is called the ventral, the front end is anterior and write University of Massachusetts Lowell, the back end is posterior. Annelids have a one-way digestive system that they eat food with its mouth and writing in english Lake College, waste product come out from another end. Annelids are segmented and they have eight hearts.

Some of the write essay annelids species live on writing Rosseau Lake, land while some live in the ocean. There are some characteristics that annelids share the same as mollusks, arthropods, and writing essays for college Fryeburg Academy, vertebrates, such as they have the same bilateral symmetry, three-part body plan, body cavity, and one-way digestive system. But something unique about College, annelids is that it's the only phylum that has setae. Mollusks comes next and an mba essay University — UMass (Navitas), they also have a bilateral symmetry just like the writing College annelids. They have the one-way digestive system and have the body cavity called a coelom. Most of the mollusks have one or more shells called valves and they all have a three-part body plan, which includes the an mba University Lowell muscular foot, the article in english Rosseau Lake College head, and the visceral mass. Some common examples of the mollusks are the clams and the snails. Mollusks also has organ system just like the annelids, and where an essay online American Preparatory School, it is the in english Lake first phylum that have a true coelom. One kind of animal from the an mba University Lowell mollusk phylum even had advanced eyes that are capable of seeing more different things than simple, or compound eyes. Arthropods, another group of animals that have a bilateral symmetry and one-way digestive system just like the mollusks and annelids.

Arthropods are segmented like the annelids and also have a coelom just like the mollusks. There are nine characteristics within the arthropods, including the jointed appendages, segmentation, head, exoskeleton, compound eyes, spiracles, circulation, malpighian tubules, and wings. Also the arthropods are divided into seven different classes, which are Diplopoda, Chilopoda, Insecta, Malacostraca, Arachinida, Pycnogonida, and Merostomata. From the seven classes, class Insecta is the article Lake College most complex one because it has over writing at masters level Istituto Marangoni Milano, 700,000 species. Arthropods has a few characteristics that are same as mollusks, such as that they also have a three-part body plan, body cavity, and have tissues. The last one is vertebrae, it also has a bilateral symmetry, one-way digestive system, and coelom similar to the mollusks and arthropods. It is article Rosseau College, divided into five classes, which are amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, and essay level Istituto, fish. The amphibians lay eggs and breathe with lungs, reptiles have thick skins (scales), birds have feathers and developed lungs, mammals produce milk and are warm blooded, fish have scales, gills, and they are cold blooded. We humans are also listed as one kind of article writing in english Lake College, vertebrae, because we all have a three-part body plan and are multicellular just like other phylum except for write an empathy Istituto Marangoni Paris sponges.

From this lab, I have learnt much more about the groups of animals' features and characteristics. Although it was hard to learn and writing Lake College, remember everything about the animal kingdom, but it is actually quite interesting to study about the animals' unique life styles, and I believe that is prompts, very important, because by having more knowledge about the writing animal kingdom, we will be able to get a better understanding about how to University of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas), it and I think that is article Rosseau, one of the main reasons of the importance of our education. Sometimes when the write Istituto Paris information on animal kingdom gets complicated, it's hard to understand everything. But eventually, I have overcome the problems that I struggled within this lab, and I had gained a better knowledge about the facts of the writing in english Rosseau College animal kingdom which I think is valuable. Phylum's is what we have been learning in Biology class lately. A Phylum is a primary group within a kingdom. An Mba University Of Massachusetts — UMass (Navitas)! Phylum's are known to be organisms which are related be descents of common ancestral forms. As in a creature evolving to another type of creature after along period of time. Some groups that belong to article in english the Phylum's are Sponges, Cnidarian, Annelids, Mollusk, Arthropods, and writing at masters level Istituto Marangoni, vertebrae's. All these groups of Phylum's make up the animal kingdom.

These six groups of Phylum's each have different types of characteristics, meaning each group is different from ore another. Like a bird, A bird can fly, and a fly can fly, but a bird has feathers and a fly doesn't. Thats what separate each group from the other. The Phylum, Sponge is an animal which lives in water. Sponges are stuck to College the sea floor, and can't move. Sponges are A Symmetrical, Meaning they only eat, and let waste out of where can i write an essay American, their system in on opening. Sponges have a dead end digestive system.

The dead -end system is the Sponge have no body cavity. Sponges don't have organs, but they only have a valve opening. Cnidarians are Jelly fish. Jelly fish looks like its clear, but its whitish. Jelly fish are Radical Symmetry by their circular body. A Jelly fish has all its main parts of its organs at article writing in english Rosseau College, the center of its body. Jelly fish uses their tentacles to paralyze its prey. After stunning its prey, They start to consume their prey.

A Cnidarian also have a dead-end digestive system, but Cnidarians take much longer for them to writing essays applications Academy eat its prey because they are sort of slower than Sponges at writing Rosseau, consuming things into their digestive system. Sponges eat when minerals hit the side of their openings. Once something passes the Sponge there is descriptive essays Robert University (NAVITAS), no way the Sponge can get it back since they are stuck to the sea floor which they can't live once they are disconnected from the article writing Rosseau Lake ground. Annelids are worms. Annelids are Bilateral Symmetry, and has one-way digestive system. Food goes in the same way as its waste comes out the same spot. To think of that, thats pretty nasty. Its like eating your own waste, but not having to digest it, Worms have no legs to where can i write online American University walk with. Worms move by slithering very slowly as if they have sensitive skin or they are scared to get burned by writing in english Lake the ground. Mollusks have a Bilateral symmetry structure also.

They have the same one -way digestive system as the worms. Mollusk: to hide when they feel vibrations. All Mollusk have a head, foot, and visceral mass. Mollusk also carry coelurn which is essay writing level Istituto Marangoni, made out of mesoderm. Mesoderm is a substance which is used to make up the coelum a Mollusk carry. Here we come to the Arthropods.

Arthropods are Bilateral symmetry. Also they got a one-way digestive system. Arthropods bodyplan is segmented. Article Writing Rosseau Lake! Arthropods have coelum, and jointed appendages. Arthropods have an exoskeleton. Some classes of Arthropods are millipedes, centipedes, insecta, crustaceans, arachnids, horse shoe crab and for college Fryeburg Academy, sea spiders. Vertebrae have a Bilateral symmetry, and has a one was digestive system. Vertebrae have a spinal cord. Some classes which belong to the vertebrae group is in english Rosseau Lake College, fish, Amphibians, reptiles, Avies which are birds, and mammals suck as elephants. Fish is an animal which lives in water.

Fishes swim in water, Fishes don't need air to breathe because they have gills to help them breathe. Places where you can locate Amphibians are most damp places. They most likely are in need of shade, and not in need of much sunlight. How To An Empathy Essay Paris! Reptiles have a very think skin covering. Reptiles skin is rough, and has grip on it. College! Avies are birds, All birds have feathers, If it doesn't have feathers than its not a bird, All mammals have births from the female. Mammals don't lay eggs. Mammals give live births. Sponges we say may look different from there animals because they don't move. They are stuck to the ground unlike animals that can move, and how to write an empathy essay Istituto, look for food. Jelly fish have a bell shaped body.

Sponges also seem like a bell, but in an upside down way. Jelly fish floats around, But worms slither. Worms have a slimy body. Mollusk have a smooth body also, but Mollusk body are made by a protective shell. Unlike worms, Amphibians and insects clams have a hard cover. Clams have what is called a shell. When a clan feels vibrations clams dig farther beneath the ground. Sponges are also creatures without organs. They are hollow on the inside. All vertebraes are warm blooded.

Arthropods are cold blooded. When Arthropods are killed, they can still move because their blood isn't warm. Vertebrae also have hair, fur, and a scaly protective layer as their skin coverings. Unlike Arthropods, Mollusk, Anelids, Cnidarians and writing Rosseau Lake College, Sponges, these groups don't have hair. The difference between each Phylum is their way of reproducing. Some produce by how to an mba of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell (Navitas) laying eggs. Some produce with organisms collected by other creatures. Mammals produce babies from the females, and not from the male. Article In English Rosseau Lake! Something's which are the same about each group of Phylum is that they build up the animal kingdom. Each group has their own way of staying alive, Meaning they have their own way of protecting themselves, and for essays, searching for food. Annelids, and article writing Rosseau Lake College, Cnidarians probably share the same type of skin, which is slimy skin.

All of the animals must have one thing in at masters level Istituto common. They all need water in order to survive. Also during the writing day some vertebraes come out in search of essay Paris, food, but by night the Lake College Arthropods come out. Can I An Essay Online American School! Its like Arthropods sleep during the day, and article, come out during the prompts for essays School night. All I think Phylum's do is writing in english Rosseau Lake, put each type of animal with their characteristics into certain groups by how they are formed. A Phylum may seem like a hard word to pronounce, and understand. You can tell what the word Phylum is by looking in the dictionary or in the encyclopedia for info. Where Can I Write An Essay Online American Preparatory! Now since we all know some facts about Phylum's are that there are six major groups of Phylum's which make up the Animal Kingdom. Over the years from the article writing Lake College beginning of life till now.

Creatures are, and still evolving today. Like us humans were once believed to be descendants of the apes, and evolved to how we are today. I feel that us humans are not apart of the animal kingdom because our knowledge is much stronger, and essay writing Istituto, more better than those who are truly animals. In the animal kingdom, there is a lot of different type of phylum and some of the phylum has classes and some have no classes. Article Writing In English Lake! The phylum groups are the sponges, cnidarians (jellyfish), annelids, mollusks, arthropods and vertebrae. Cnidarian's classes are jellyfish (hydrozoam), and sea anatomies. Annelids consist of earthworms and polychaetes. Mollusks consist of bivalves, octopus, squid, gastropods (stomach foot snails), cephalopods (head foot).

Arthropods consist of millipods, centropods, insects, arachnids, crustaceans, horseshoe crab, and sea spiders. Vertebrates consist of where can i write American University Preparatory, amphibians, reptiles, avies (birds), mammals and fishes. The sponges and the Cnidarians jellyfish both have a dead end digestive system. The differences between the writing Lake College sponges and the jellyfish are that the how to University of Massachusetts — UMass Lowell (Navitas) sponges have a bilateral symmetrical system and article writing in english Rosseau College, they have a choanocylecha. They are also anchored in one spot. The Cnidarian jellyfish have a radial symmetrical system and they have pheumatocytes. They have neurotoxin senses. An Empathy Essay Marangoni Paris! The sponges and the Annelids both have a bilateral symmetric system. The difference is that the Annelids have a one way digestive system, they have a body cavity and they are segmented. They have eight hearts. Rosseau College! The sponges and the mollusks both have a bilateral symmetric system.

The difference is that the mollusks have a one way digestive system, they have a coelom, which is how to write Marangoni, made from writing Rosseau Lake mesentery. They have a good nervous system, they have a riceral mass is writing for essays Millfield, foot and a head. Writing Rosseau Lake College! The sponges and prompts for essays, the Arthropods both have a bilateral system. The difference is that the arthropods have a one way digestive system and they have a coelom. Writing In English Lake College! Their body is segmented, they have a head and their appendages are jointed. They have an descriptive, exoskeleton body. The sponges and vertebrates both have a bilateral symmetrical system and they both have a one way digestive system. The difference is that vertebrates have a coelom and they have a backbone and they have an internal skeleton. The Cnidarians jellyfish and the annelids have nothing in article writing in english common. Write Essay University Of Massachusetts Lowell (Navitas)! They are different in all ways.

The jellyfish and the mollusks both have a one way digestive system. The differences between the two phyla are that the College Cnidarians jellyfish have pheymatocytes and they have neurotoxin senses and the mollusks have a bilateral system and they have a coelom, which is made from mesentery and they also have a good nervous system. Writing For Essays Millfield! The mollusks also have a foot and a head. The Cnidarians jellyfish and the arthropods both have a one way digestive system. The Cnidarians jellyfish and the vertebrates both have a one way system.

The difference is that the vertebrates have a bilateral system, they have a coelom, a backbone and an internal skeleton. The annelids and the mollusks both have a bilateral system, they both have a one way digestive system. Article Writing In English Rosseau Lake! The annelids and essays for college Academy, the arthropods both have a bilateral system, a one way digestive system. The difference is that the arthropods have a coelom, a segmented body, they have a head, and exoskeleton and their appendages are jointed. Writing In English Lake College! The annelids anti the vertebrates both have a bilateral system, a one way digestive system.

The difference is that the vertebrates have a coelom, a backbone and an internal system. The mollusks and the arthropods both have a bilateral system, a one way digestive system and descriptive writing essays Robert Gordon, a coelom. The difference is that the Rosseau arthropods have a head and jointed appendages. The mollusks and the vertebrates both have a bilateral system, a one way digestive system and how to essay Istituto Paris, a coelom. Article Writing! The difference is that the mollusks have a head and how to write an empathy, a foot and the vertebrates have a backbone and an internal skeleton. The arthropods and the vertebrates both have a bilateral system, a one way digestive system, and Rosseau Lake College, a coelom, The difference is that arthropods have a segmented body, a head and writing Academy, jointed appendages and vertebrates have a backbone and an internal skeleton. In the animal kingdom, there is a lot of different type of article writing in english Rosseau Lake College, phylum and some of the phylum has classes and essay writing Istituto Marangoni, some have no classes. Article College! The phylum groups are the how to write University of Massachusetts — UMass Lowell sponges, cnidarians (jellyfish), annelids, mollusks, arthropods and in english College, vertebrae. Cnidaria's classes are jellyfish (hydrozoan), and sea anatomies. Annelids consist of earthworms and Polychaetes. Mollusks consist of bivalves, octopus, squid, gastropods (stomach foot snails), cephalopods (head foot).

Arthropods consist of millipedes, centipedes, insects, arachnids, crustaceans, horseshoe crab, and sea spiders. Vertebrates consist of amphibians, reptiles, Avies (birds), mammals and Istituto, fishes. This group of animal will he compare and contrast. All of the animals have symmetry. Article In English Lake College! Sponges are different from can i write online American University School other phylum. Sponges are asymmetry while the in english Rosseau Lake annelids, mollusks, arthropods, vertebrates have a bilateral symmetry and online American University, that make the sponges different form the other animal groups.

The sponges and the Cnidarians jellyfish both have a dead end digestive system and that make the sponges have something in common with one of the groups. Sponges are different because other groups have a one way digestive system. Another similarities between sponges and arthropods are that they both filter food particles from water by trapping it in their choanocytes. Then the food is digest inside it cells. The sponges and jellyfish both digest their food in Rosseau College their digestive cavity and they use neumatocytes (stings the prey) to writing for college Fryeburg Academy capture the food. Writing In English! The sponges are anchored in one spot like most plants, while most animals are not anchored. are that the sponges have a bilateral symmetrical system and they have a choanocytes. At Masters Level Istituto Milano! They are also anchored in one spot. Annelids arc worm, is writing Lake, similar to other groups except the sponges is writing for essays Millfield, that they all have bilateral symmetry and a one way digestive system and they have an anterior and article writing in english Rosseau, a posterior. One group of annelid is the earthworm. Earthworm is detritivores, which means they eat dead leaves, animals, and bacteria. they are different than other animals is that the have eight heart and other groups don't.

They and arthropods both are segmented. Mollusks are like other groups that have a bilateral symmetry system and a one way digestive system. The difference between the sponges is that they have an asymmetry and a dead end digestive system. One group of the mollusk is the bivalves calm. Since it live in the water it have a good nervous system and it have gill to breathe. Bivalve is two layer and how to write an mba (Navitas), one shells. It have three layer in the shell the outer layer (periostracum), a middle layer (prismatic layer), and an inner layer (mother of article Rosseau Lake College, pearl. Mollusks and arthropods both have a coelom but the coelom from the mollusks is write essay University Lowell (Navitas), made from writing in english mesentery. They have a visceral mass is foot and a head. Arthropods are bilateral symmetry and have a one way digestive system, which is like all the other animals except the sponges.

Like the mollusks they have a coelom. Their body is online School, like annelids which is segmented, they have a head and their appendages are jointed and an exoskeleton. In English College! They have seven classes while other animal have less than seven classes. Academy! They more complex and diverse than other animals arid that they have eight legs and three body parts. The body parts are the head, abdomen, and Rosseau Lake College, the thorax and they also have two pair of antennas. Vertebrate is different than other animal.

They have five classes, which is writing essays applications Fryeburg Academy, amphibians, reptiles, Avies which is birds, fish, mammals, which is human 1-ltev have coelom just like arthropods and mollusks. They also have an internal skeleton and article writing in english Rosseau, backbones. 411 vertebrates have lungs which help them breathe: Some la-y eggs an some fertilizes and reproduce. Mammals develop milk. which other don't have. They Avies are warm blooded while reptiles, amphibian, f fishes are cold blooded.

Some of the how to Paris warm and cold blood are similar to other animals groups. In this time we have a lab is about animal kingdom. In English Rosseau Lake! Animal kingdom has a lots animals there. There has six big groups in writing Istituto Milano the animal kingdom. College! They are Sponges, Cnidarians, Annelids, Mollusks, Arthropods, and Chordates (vertebrates). Essay At Masters Level Milano! They are the different groups, so they has different data to about them. Article Writing Rosseau Lake! In this lab we talk a lots about the animals. Just like the essays for college Fryeburg Sponges. It is a feeble animal, sponges has the same basic structure as a bag- a large internal cavity with an writing in english Rosseau, opening at the top. The nutrients are picked up by other specialized cells, called amoebocytes.

Inside of a sponges is lined by how to an empathy essay Istituto Paris cells called choanocytes, center, which trap tiny organisms in the water. Then they can grown healthy. This one is Cnidarians. The body plan of College, a Cnidarians is more complex than that of a sponge. All cnidarians have a hollow gut with a single opening and flexible, fingerlike tentacles.

The most primitive cnidarians are of how to essay University (Navitas), their lives as medusa and article writing in english Rosseau Lake, part as polyps. When low water temperatures trigger the development of egg and sperm in the medusa. Like sponges, some species if hydra are hermaphrodites. Here is Annelids, like clam. Annelids that are familiar to everyone are the earthworms, earthworms come to the surface only at night or during the Istituto heavy rains. During dry they burrow deep into the soil and become inactive. Annelids are coleomate worms that have segmented bodies. It has 4 important part in their life: 1) Body Cavity, 2) Segmentation 3) Organ systems 4) Bristles. Next one is article in english Rosseau, Mollusks. Mollusks are one of the most successful of all animal phyla. They are widespread and often abundant in marine, freshwater, and terrestrial habitats.

Mollusks and annelids were probably the first major groups of organisms to develop a true coelom. Also the fertilized eggs of both groups develop into a distinct larval from writing for college Fryeburg Academy called a trochophore. Most mollusks breathe with gills and have open circulatory system and nephridia. This one is Arthropods. Arthropods have a coelom and a segmented body. There are nine arthropods characteristics of particular importance, almost all of the arthropod have those nine things: 1) Jointed appendages, 2) Segmentation, 3) Head, 4) Exoskeleton, 5) Compound eyes, 6) Spiracles, 7) Circulation, 8) Malpighian Tubules, 9) Wings. Article Writing Rosseau! Just like: scorpions, spiders, mites . This is Chordates (Vertebrates).

In echinoderms and chordates however development is organized very differently. Their deuterostome pattern of development represent one of the most fundamental change in body plan in the history of animal evolution, all share four fundamental characteristics: 1) Endoskeleton, 2) Five-part radial symmetry, 3) Water-part radial, 4) Coelomic circulation and respiration. In this al I learn a lot of thing from the animals. I know where are they live, what they eat, what they looks like. just some thing like that. The very different in those six groups is the Sponges and Chordates.

Cause sponges is like very feeble, but chordate is ridge.