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Personal Essay on Becoming Submissive. August 25, 2005 in Life by lunaKM. Problem Solving Sixth Form. I hear on a daily basis that this person or that person is freelance jobs Colegio Montfort a natural submissive. These people don’t have to work to feel that quiet place in solving technique College themselves that helps them feel the need to article please and serve others. It’s just a part of who they are. For those people, there are a multitude of essays about how to better themselves and enhance what comes to them easier than others. Solving Form. This essay is for those that feel the desire to be submissive but it just isn’t so easy for them. I am not a natural submissive. For many people they would say that I am then, not submissive at all. I feel a need to be submissive but it doesn’t come easy for me.
I have to make a conscious effort to quiet my opinions, my dominant thoughts and my reflexive actions. Within the essays, vanilla life I live, I have to be independent and dominant. Solving Cardiff Sixth College. I am pretty good at persuasive, taking care of myself, for myself sake. But that is problem solving technique Cardiff Sixth Form not fulfilling to me. I look to the lifestyle to fill the void that I feel when I come home. How To Faster. When learning about the D/s lifestyle, one finds a division of solving Sixth College roles that is mostly defined by personality and natural behavior more than desire and choice. I’m not saying there aren’t sections of the community who would disagree with me on write essays faster Lucton School this, just that I feel there is an unspoken marking of people when they are introduced to the lifestyle. When I walked into this lifestyle, my only solving Cardiff Sixth College desire was to writing yourself essay Accademia feel the solving Cardiff Sixth, submissive in me and enhance my service to article writing jobs Montfort others.
I felt that this would fill that void in my life. However, if you speak to those that met me first, they will say that I was very dominant in nature and much closer to a Dominant or perhaps a switch and certainly not submissive. It is Sixth Form College a good idea that I discuss, ever so briefly, about the about NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle Milano, differences in solving bottom, submissive and slave so that it is understood that I really mean submissive in this essay. A bottom is just that, a submissive type person in freelance writing Colegio Montfort a scene or sexual encounter. It does not go outside of that instance. A submissive is someone that wishes or is subordinate in life as well.
A slave is one that has voluntarily given over control of every aspect of their life to their dominant partner. Technique Cardiff College. I wish for the submissive life. My challenges of law essays Albert College becoming submissive started shortly after I found the lifestyle. After a very dominant role in my previous relationship I had to try and find the part of me willing to let go and allow someone else to control aspects of my life I had taken care of. Inside the bedroom it was easier for problem solving technique Cardiff Form College me to let go. I found a comfort in allowing the article writing jobs Colegio Montfort, other person to control that part of my life and still find it the problem solving technique Cardiff Form, easiest place to L’Institut Superieur Appliques find my comfort in.
I savor being commanded to solving technique Cardiff Sixth Form do things and service my dominant in Albert practically all aspects of bedroom life. My mindset is Form College easily changed when I am in writing Colegio Montfort my sexual bonds, within a scene or forced to service my dominant in any manner he sees fit. For me this still is a place I can return to and feel the beginnings of my submissive nature that I know exists. Outside the bedroom I found strong resistance to even the slightest things like household chores, time restrictions on TV, internet and solving Cardiff Sixth College, telephone and fought back with angry words and hateful deeds. According to community leaders and writing about essay NABA, Accademia di Belle Milano, friends that I spoke to, it is not uncommon for a submissive to problem solving technique Sixth Form struggle against critically assess Superieur Appliques changes in routine, control structure, protocol or ritual. It was a relief to know that I am normal. Resistance is a part of learning and growing within yourself and your relationship. In my case, it was dealt with swiftly and problem solving technique Cardiff Sixth Form, treated as a behavior correction. Yet the release of control, the service I could provide, and the pride in work well done is what I desire outside the bedroom/scene almost more strongly than anything. Jobs Colegio. This is problem technique Cardiff Sixth Form where I am now.
I am earning rewards for good behavior, for how to write School working myself into that submissive state outside the problem technique Sixth Form, bedroom where I can serve and be fulfilled in my role with my dominant in life, love and the vanilla world. Only you can know if you truly want to be submissive or if you are by nature. If you desire it, then it can be achieved. It will take hard work and there are setbacks, challenges ahead and internal struggles. But believe me, it’s worth it.
So you want to be submissive? Give it a try, work towards your goal and become! PS: Master believes I have a submissive nature and that I have just repressed it due to my past experiences. I guess I will have to how to essays faster Lucton School reflect on that more and see what I can see from the inside out. Darlene on Lea on problem solving Sixth College Lea on I went to a munch this weekend#8230; blossom on I can#8217;t stop thinking of him as Master. Bleue on I can#8217;t stop thinking of critically assess Superieur Appliques (LISAA) him as Master. Solving Sixth Form. #9658;2017 (23) September August June May April March February January #9658;2016 (24) December November September August July June May April March February January #9658;2015 (80) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2014 (49) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2013 (146) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2012 (200) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2011 (175) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2010 (242) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2009 (241) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2008 (317) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2007 (485) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2006 (306) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2005 (257) December November October September August July June May April March February January #9658;2004 (14) December. I've been sick again. I think I might have to go to persuasive article Fanshawe College the Doctor with my concerns that I'm almost Cross Contamination.
I am so tired of cross contamination and glutened myself again. I gave Johnsonville brats another 2014 I'm Sick. This post will probably be a short one. I'm not feeling very well and have been fighting something 2013 Slave Uniform. On Friday I wore what will be my slave uniform for the first time. Technique Cardiff Sixth College. It's not an everyday requirement 2012 Na-no na-no. Day in, day out. I'm not sure what I do with my days that is yourself Nuova di Belle supposed to be interesting to problem solving Sixth College talk Another Weekend. How To Write Essays Lucton. Not much to say tonight.
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Seymour Martin Lipset and political sociology † In the English speaking world, Seymour Martin Lipset was arguably the problem solving College, most important political sociologist of the how to essays Lucton, second half of the twentieth century. Problem Solving College! Certainly he was one of them. Claims such as these are always invidious, but it is clear that Lipset's work stands out in a number of respects. About NABA, Di Belle Arti Milano! The sheer range and volume of his writings is phenomenal. Over a period of fifty years he produced some 25 books, edited another 25, and wrote at least 485 articles and commentaries (Marks and problem solving technique, Diamond 1992 and Lipset 1996). But more than this, the centrality of the issues he addressed, their rootedness in classic questions of the sociological canon, and the impact he had on other scholars, all attest to the special significance of his work. During his working life, Lipset moved every ten years or so, holding posts at Columbia, Berkeley, Harvard and Stanford, before moving in retirement to essay Institut George Mason University. In addition, he played a major role in solving technique Sixth Form College fostering collaboration both within North America and beyond. And he won a unique level of recognition from writing jobs Colegio Montfort his peers, becoming the only person to have been elected President of both the American Political Science Association and the American Sociological Association. Right at the beginning of this corpus of work sits the research for ‘Democracy in Private Government’ (2010 ).
Lipset's lifelong intellectual and scholarly agenda emerged from his early activist commitments and involvement in socialist politics. Problem Solving Technique Form College! Initially a Trotskyist, while a young student at the beginning of the Second World War, he remained in the (social democratic) Socialist Party until 1960, before latter shifting to what he described as a ‘centrist’ or ‘conservative’ Democratic party position (Lipset 1996: 1). It was activist debates that led him to Michels' Political Parties (1947) and the ‘iron law of law essays College, oligarchy’. Solving Technique Sixth! For Michels seemed to offer an explanation both for the autocratic outcome of the communist experiment in Russia and for the failure of essays faster Lucton School, social democratic organizations particularly in Germany where they had been especially powerful to vigorously pursue fundamental socialist change. Problem Solving Technique Cardiff Sixth College! This in how to write turn led him to thinking about his father's union, the solving technique Form, International Typographical Union, which seemed to be an exception to Michels' argument. But there was another activist question that seemed equally pressing. Debates about developments outside the USA focused on the respective impacts of the communist and social democratic wings of the socialist movement.
But within the write Lucton, USA, the problem facing socialist activists was the failure to establish an electorally significant socialist movement in the first place. These two sets of questions jockeyed for Lipset's attention when he began his graduate studies at Columbia University in 1943. Indeed Robert Merton (1992: x) recalls a kind of Cardiff College, competition between himself and Robert Lynd for Institut Zugerberg, Lipset's scholarly affections, with each urging him to pursue their preferred project. Lipset decided to do both. For his PhD, he opted to problem solving Cardiff Sixth Form College study the growth of the Canadian Cooperative Commonwealth Federation now the New Democratic Party a farmer-labour party that promised to shed light on the failure of similar experiments in the USA.
This became his first book, Agrarian Socialism (1950). He then returned to an earlier research paper on the ITU which became part of his second book, Union Democracy (Lipset, Trow and Coleman 1956). Freelance Writing Colegio Montfort! When the problem solving Cardiff, manuscript was finished he brought it to Merton declaring ‘Here is argumentative guidelines my second dissertation’ (Lipset 1996: 8). It is this research paper that he published in the BJS . In his companion essay in this volume, Patrick McGovern has set out three good reasons why ‘Democracy in Private Government’ is especially noteworthy. I will not repeat those arguments here.
Rather I aim to do two things. First, I will take a closer look at problem Sixth Form College, the article itself. Lipset's article and his subsequent work on union democracy has set the terms for write, a number of Form, longstanding debates that continue to exercise contemporary sociologists. How To Write School! 2 Here I aim to identify three issues with Lipset's argument each of which has given rise to problem Cardiff College one such debate. Second, I want to place Lipset's BJS article in the context of his overall contribution to scholarship. Here I propose to briefly review the major themes of his life's work and highlight the extent to which the basic concerns that underpinned Lipset's BJS article helped to law essays Albert College set the problem solving Cardiff Sixth, agenda for this subsequent research. The first issue concerns the importance attributed to parties. According to Lipset, the thing that is distinctive about the ITU is the critically assess Appliques (LISAA), presence of problem Cardiff, ‘longstanding institutionalized opposition parties ’ (Lipset 2010 : 22 , his emphasis).
It is this internal party system, he argues, that enables the Montfort, ITU, unlike most other unions, to escape from Michels' iron law of oligarchy (Lipset 2010 : 13, 21 [52, 59]). But while party competition within unions is indeed unusual, factional competition is commonplace, and this, too, seems to offer an escape from an oligarchic fate (Stepan-Norris and Zeitlin 2003). Indeed in many countries regular competition between factions some more formalized and some less has been a standing feature of internal union politics for problem technique Form, much of the twentieth century. About Essay Nuova Accademia Di Belle Arti! One reason for this has been endemic factional struggles between the left and right wings of the labour movement: struggles that have often been underwritten, at least in part, by conflicts between Communist party supporters and Cardiff Sixth Form, their opponents. It is about yourself Nuova di Belle Arti one of the great paradoxes that Communist parties, which were so frequently autocratic when they achieved state power, were often an important source of pluralism in countries where they did not, especially within the ‘civil society’ of the labour movement. However this was not something to which the anti-communist left (to which Lipset belonged) was likely to technique Cardiff Form be well attuned. 3. Moreover it is arguable that the development of a fully institutionalized party system is more ambiguous in its consequences for the prospects for democracy and oligarchy than Lipset suggests.
Perhaps factions might actually provide a better basis for writing Nuova di Belle Milano, containing oligarchic tendencies. Problem Technique Cardiff Sixth Form College! In Britain, for example, it is often argued, following Bryce (1921), that the rise of parties at College, Westminster led to the decline of Cardiff Sixth, parliamentary democracy, replacing an earlier ‘golden age’ in which a looser more nebulous factional system had prevailed (Norton 1990). In some ways the rise of parties has strengthened oligarchic tendencies by providing political leaders and article, especially those holding executive office with a disciplined vehicle through which to impose their will on the legislature and the citizenry. However, American experience may slightly obscure this. Problem Solving Technique Sixth! For in law essays Albert College the USA, these developments did not take place to the same extent.
There, parties have remained more nebulous organizations, without the formal apparatus or membership of problem technique Form College, parties in Europe and elsewhere, and essays Lucton, with far less control over the selection and behaviour of their elected representatives (Epstein 1986). But if parties are indeed a prerequisite for union democracy, and factional conflict really is insufficient, then another question arises. Do parties themselves require an internal party system to problem Cardiff College be democratic? Michels, after all, was concerned not just with union organizations, but above all, with the internal organization of political parties. And if parties do require an internal party system, what about those parties?
At some point, something short of a party system must suffice. It cannot be a case of ‘parties all the article Fanshawe College, way down’. The second issue concerns the meaning of democracy. As he himself later attests, Lipset (1960: 45, 1996: 10) adopts a Schumpeterian conception in which democracy consists of an electorate periodically selecting its rulers from at least two sets of competing elites. He does not entertain the problem solving technique Sixth, possibility of a more participatory conception of democracy of the sort later reinvigorated by the work of Carol Pateman (1970) and more generally by persuasive article Fanshawe College, the ideological posture of the New Left (to which he was not sympathetic). But different definitions leave different unions looking democratic.
The ITU was one of the old established craft unions in the American Federation of Labor. Indeed it was one of the oldest craft unions in the country, and among these it may have been atypical (Marks: 1989: 12054). But a number of the newer industry-wide unions that formed the Congress of Industrial Organisations in the 1930s had developed a participatory organizational culture by solving Form College, the time Lipset was writing, especially in freelance Colegio those cases where they had emerged from extensive direct action or rank and file insurgency (Zeitlin and Stepan-Norris, 1992). The West Coast Longshoremen's Union the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) provides a particularly interesting example. Technique Cardiff Sixth! Lipset mentions it briefly as a prime example of the oligarchic tendencies of American unions. But more recent studies deploying a participatory conception of democracy see it as something of a model, with strong rank and file control over key decisions (Kimeldorf, 1988, Levi et al. 2009). Lipset (2010 : 22 ) quotes an ill-advised comment by the union's president, Harry Bridges, defending the Soviet Union by equating ‘totalitarianism’ with the system of government in the union.
But the actual system of government in the union ensured that rank and file opposition forced Bridges to Albert disaffiliate from the pro-Soviet World Federation of Trade Unions a few years later (Levi et al. 2009: 21819). This talk of totalitarianism points to a certain black and white quality in Lipset's approach in his BJS article. At one point he suggests that, bar the ITU and one or two other exceptions, ‘most labour unions’ share characteristics that are ‘indigenous to technique Cardiff the structure of totalitarian states’ (Lipset 2010 : 22 ). Unions have often been voluble champions of democracy, and certainly they have frequently fallen short of their own rhetoric. But even on a purely procedural conception, they have typically been among the more democratic organizations in capitalist countries. One reason for Lipset's approach may be his tendency to freelance article Colegio see potential sources of Cardiff Sixth Form, organizational power as being monopolized by persuasive, a union's central administrative apparatus (Lipset 2010 : 22, 23 [60, 62]).
But in many unions, this central apparatus is counterbalanced by strong workplace organizations. Technique College! And just as with states, this ‘federal’ structure often provides dissidents and alternative leaders with an ongoing power base, as well as the potential to exercise some authority, even when they are out of office at the top. The third issue concerns an apparent tension between union democracy and union effectiveness in conflicts with employers and others. Article College! Can a union be both a ‘town meeting’ and an ‘army’ (Muste 1928)? Lipset does not address this question directly in his article. But it figures in much of the problem Sixth Form College, subsequent response and critically L’Institut Appliques, remains the subject of contemporary debate (Stepan-Norris and Zeitlin, 2003, and Levi et al. 2009). In his own further work, Lipset (1960: 3739, 35799) emphasizes that union democracy (despite the internal disruption that accompanies it) can strengthen membership loyalty to the organization, by making clear that there is a distinction between its current rulers and the organization itself, and technique Sixth College, thereby helping to stop discontent with the former spilling over into discontent with the latter. But this still leaves open the question of whether oligarchic or democratic leaders make better union ‘generals’: whether they are better, that is, at guidelines, winning conflicts for their members. Oligarchic leaders are likely to have more room to manoeuver in negotiations about how to settle conflicts with employers.
But is that always an advantage? Thomas Schelling (1960: 2152) has shown that, as a leader, having constraints placed on problem solving Form College your room for maneuver can strengthen your hand in critically L’Institut Appliques (LISAA) negotiations. In situations of pure bargaining, where there are a range of potential outcomes each of which is better for both sides than no agreement at all, the solving College, outcome is persuasive article Fanshawe College determined by which side can show that they are credibly committed to technique Form College their demands. Democratic accountability can thus be a significant advantage for how to essays School, union leaders. An employer faced with union leaders who can demonstrate that their hands are tied by a democratic mandate is more likely to settle on terms favourable to the union. All other things being equal, an oligarchic union leader is more likely to be forced to make greater compromises. In short, there are good reasons to doubt that there is a systematic tension between union democracy and union effectiveness. Of course democratic mandates are not the problem solving technique Sixth College, only source of credible commitments.
Radical leftists and others with known commitments to revolutionary ideologies or the virtues of industrial action might have a similar advantage. If an employer knows that a union leader would actually like to have an excuse for law essays College, negotiations to fail, they are more likely to make concessions. Perhaps this goes some way to explaining why such leaders are often elected despite having far more radical commitments than most of the technique, membership. Central themes and classical influences. Let me now turn to my second task and try to critically L’Institut Superieur (LISAA) locate Lipset's article within the problem Form, broader sweep of critically assess Superieur Appliques, his subsequent work. In the course of a life time of problem Cardiff Sixth College, scholarly writing, Lipset repeatedly returned to two great themes. Each can already be seen emerging from both his ‘two dissertations’ and his article for the BJS . One concerns the social prerequisites for law essays Albert, democracy, and solving technique Cardiff, formed the basis of his presidential address to the American Sociological Association (Lipset 1994). The other concerns the comparative study of labour organizations and their politics, and formed the L’Institut (LISAA), basis of his presidential address to the American Political Science Association (Lipset 1983). These were certainly not his only themes.
Lipset tackled a remarkable range of different topics, including, amongst many others, the development of extreme right wing movements, student protest, the political affiliations of intellectuals, and Cardiff Sixth Form College, the Jewish community in America. But these two themes represent his most enduring concerns, and his writings on them are likely to remain his most influential. Of his many writings on the social conditions that underpin democracy, two seminal articles are especially worthy of note. In ‘Some Social Requisites of Democracy’, Lipset (1959) emphasizes the strong relationship between capitalist economic development and the prospects for democracy, an argument to which he returned in his ASA presidential address. This correlation is now widely accepted, and subsequent debate has focused on law essays College which causal mechanisms are responsible for it. Is it the growth of the middle class and various related effects as Lipset contends, or is it the shift in the balance of class power and especially the growth of the working class as some others have argued (Diamond 1992, and Rueschemeyer, Stephens and problem solving technique Sixth Form, Stephens 1991)? In ‘Cleavage Structures, Party Systems and Voter Alignments’ Lipset and his co-author Stein Rokkan argue that the origins of the argumentative guidelines Zugerberg, different party systems in Europe can be traced to four great cleavage-inducing conflicts: the conflicts between center and periphery, church and state, landed and industrial elites, and workers and capitalists (Lipset and Rokkan 1967 and Lipset 1985). Solving! Despite its anachronistic Parsonian framework, this is the inescapable starting point for virtually all subsequent studies of the development of party systems. Coincidentally, in a now standard debate, Lipset and Rokkan's social cleavage argument is argumentative essay guidelines frequently used to cast doubt on another ‘sociological law’ in another book entitled Political Parties : this time not Michels' law but Duverger's law about the problem solving technique Cardiff Form, effect of electoral systems on faster party systems (Duverger 1954). Lipset's interest in solving Sixth College the comparative study of freelance article writing jobs Colegio Montfort, labour organizations and their politics stemmed not only from his early activist commitments but also from a scholarly conviction that with all due qualifications the class basis of electoral politics was ‘the most impressive single fact’ about solving technique Cardiff Form College, democratic politics in the developed capitalist world (Lipset 1960: 223).
Lipset was struck by the uniform presence of this ‘democratic translation of the class struggle’. Law Essays! This was, he said, ‘the principal generalization’ that could be made about party competition in twentieth century democracies (Lipset 1960: 220). However Lipset was also interested in the different forms that labour politics had taken in different countries and at different times. In his APSA presidential address, ‘Radicalism or Reformism: The Sources of Working-Class Politics’, he sought to demonstrate that the degree of radicalism of labour politics was in large part a product of the degree of state repression which labour movements had faced (Lipset 1983). But above all else, Lipset was fascinated by why, alone among the problem technique Sixth Form, advanced capitalist countries, the USA did not have an electorally significant labour or socialist party.
This was the question that motivated him to freelance article Colegio write both his first and his last book (Lipset 1950 and Lipset and Marks 2000). And he may have thought of it as his single most important body of work. His attempt to provide a definitive answer to this question was, he reports, the only project that he had trouble finishing and whose completion he kept delaying (Lipset 1996: 19). Perhaps this work should be thought of as a third great theme in its own right. For it expanded into problem solving Sixth Form College a more general interest in the nature of American politics and freelance writing jobs, society and especially in arguments about ‘American exceptionalism’ (Lipset 1963, 1996a).
In addition, in order to pursue these interests, it led him to maintain a particular interest in Canada (Lipset 1989). Lipset's explanation for the absence of a labour or socialist party draws on Cardiff many factors. However, like Tocqueville and Hartz, he places special emphasis on the predominance of the liberal and College, egalitarian values that he sees as distinctive qualities of problem technique Sixth, American political culture. As I have argued elsewhere, there are many problems with his argument, not least because American labour leaders themselves typically viewed these values as an opportunity rather than a constraint, as did their counterparts in similar societies such as Australia where labour parties were established (Archer 2007). But Lipset's argument has a richness and grandeur that has made it compelling for Montana Zugerberg, generations of students of American politics and society. The social prerequisites for democracy, labour and politics in problem solving Cardiff College capitalist societies, and the attempt to understand the great American behemoth that bestrides the globe: from first to last, Lipset has left a remarkable and vital body of work that will long continue to engage us. Lipset always acknowledged the writing about essay Accademia Arti, influence of the Cardiff Sixth Form, sociological classics. As we have seen, Michels was a formative influence, and Weber was an influence throughout. Writing Yourself NABA, Accademia Di Belle Milano! But it is problem technique College Marx and Tocqueville that are arguably the most important influences. 4 The influence of Marx remains strong from the freelance article writing, beginning, and clearly underwrites his choice of topics both in his BJS article and his other early research.
However over time, the growing influence of deTocqueville is also apparent. Not that Tocqueville is absent from solving Cardiff Form College Lipset's earliest work. Indeed there is persuasive Fanshawe College already a Tocquevillian tincture to some of his arguments in ‘Democracy in Private Government’ (Lispet 2010 : 22  and 1960: 667). But by problem solving technique Sixth, the 1980s, he was even calling on Friedrich Engels as a witness in persuasive College support of the Tocquevillian thrust of his account of the differences between the USA and Canada (Lipset 1985: 2 and 1988: xiii). This shift can be seen in Lipset's writings on democracy, where the ‘apolitical Marxism’ (Lipset 1983a: 459) of his essays in Political Man is increasingly tempered in his later writings by arguments about problem solving Cardiff Form, political culture in freelance article writing Colegio Montfort general and values and civil society in particular (Lipset 1988: vii). A similar development can be seen in his work on labour politics. Both the enduring influence of Marx and the increasing importance of Tocqueville are particularly clear in his attempt to explain why there is problem solving Sixth no labor party in the USA. It is the Marxist tradition as Lipset always reminds us that frames the question for Albert, him. But it is increasingly Tocqueville's insights that frame an important part of his answer. Marx and Tocqueville. Conflict and solving technique Cardiff Sixth College, consensus.
Only by faster Lucton, bringing them together did Lipset think that a sociologist could make sense of the political world. Lipset's article on Cardiff Form College ‘Democracy in Private Government’ and Fanshawe, his related work on union democracy are of technique Cardiff Sixth Form, enduring significance. Here I have tried to establish this in two ways. First, I have sought to demonstrate their enduring significance by guidelines Institut, offering a commentary on three issues with his argument that have set the terms for much subsequent debate. Each of these issues continues to engage scholars and solving Cardiff Sixth, remains the critically assess Superieur Appliques (LISAA), subject of solving technique Cardiff Sixth College, contemporary sociological critique. Second, I have tried to show that the underlying concerns with which Lipset wrestles in his article prefigure the most important themes of assess L’Institut Superieur, his subsequent research. The concerns that lie at the heart of his article the concern with the preconditions for democracy and the concern with labour organizations and their politics (especially in the USA) also came to define the problem technique Cardiff Sixth College, central themes of his subsequent scholarship and the lifetime of research on which his reputation rests.
My thanks to Gary Marks, Patrick McGovern and the Journal's reviewers for their help and advice. Nor, for that matter, was it something to which the about yourself Nuova Milano, communist left was likely to be attuned. Lipset (2010 : 22 ) does recognize, at one point, that this kind of factional activity is ‘abundant’, but seems to think that such factions are always ‘temporary’ and do not pose a problem for his thesis about the solving Sixth Form, importance of writing about yourself NABA,, internal party systems. See also the Cardiff Sixth Form College, slightly different weight given to these influences by Marks and Albert, Diamond (1992: 3). London School of solving Cardiff Sixth Form, Economics and Political Science 2010. Issue online: 15 January 2010 Version of record online: 14 January 2010 (Date accepted: October 2009) Archer, R. 2007 Why Is There No Labor Party in the United States? , Princeton: Princeton University Press. Bryce, J. 1921 Modern Democracies , London: Macmillan. Diamond, L. 1992 Economic Development and Democracy Reconsidered ’ in GaryMarks and LarryDiamond eds (1992) Reexamining Democracy: Essays in persuasive College Honor of Seymour Martin Lipset , Newbury Park: Sage Publications. Duverger, M. 1954 Political Parties , London: Methuen.
Web of Science® Epstein, L. 1986 Political Parties in solving Sixth the American Mold , Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. Kimeldorf, H. 1988 Reds or Rackets? The Making Radical and Conservative Unions on persuasive article Fanshawe the Waterfront , Berkeley: University of California Press. Web of Science® Levi, M. Solving Technique Cardiff! , Olson, D. , Agnone, J. and Kelly, D. 2009 Union Democracy Reexamined ’, Politics and Society 37 ( 2 ): 203 28 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 1 Lipset, S.M. 1950 Agrarian Socialism: The Cooperative Commonwealth Federation in Saskatchewan: A Study in Political Sociology , Berkeley: University of California Press. Web of Science® Lipset, S.M. 1959 Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy ’, American Political Science Review 53 ( 1 ): 69 105 . CrossRef | Web of write essays faster School, Science® Times Cited: 603 Lipset, S.M. 1960 Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics , London: Heinemann. Lipset, S.M. 1963 The First New Nation: The USA in Historical and Comparative Perspective , New York: Basic Books.
Lipset, S.M. Sixth Form! 1983 Radicalism or Reformism: The Sources of Working-Class Politics ’, American Political Science Review 77 ( 1 ): 1 18 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 50 Lipset, S.M. 1983a Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics , expanded edition , London: Heinemann. Lipset, S.M. 1985 Consensus and Conflict: Essays in Albert College Political Sociology , New Brunswick: Transaction Books. Solving Cardiff College! Lipset, S.M. 1988 Revolution and Counterrevolution: Change and Persistence in Fanshawe College Social Structures , revised ed., New Brunswick: Transaction Books. Lipset, S.M.
1989 Continental Divide: Values and Institutions in the United States and Canada , New York: Routledge. Lipset, S.M. Technique Sixth College! 1994 The Social Requisites of persuasive article Fanshawe, Democracy Revisited ’, American Sociological Review 59 ( 1 ): 1 22 . Technique College! CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 155 Lipset, S.M. 1996 Steady Work: An Academic Memoir ’, Annual Review of Sociology 22 : 1 27 CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 3 Lipset, S.M. 1996a , American Exceptionalism: A Double-Edged Sword , New York: W.W. Norton and Company. Lipset, S.M.
2010 1952 Democracy in Private Government: A Case Study of the International Typographical Union ’, The British Journal of Sociology The BJS: Shaping Sociology Over 60 Years : 9 27 . [Originally published in 1952, British Journal of Sociology 3(1): 4758. CrossRef | Web of Science® Lipset, S.M. and L’Institut des Arts Appliques, Marks, G. 2000 It Didn't Happen Here: Why Socialism Failed in the United States , New York: W.W. Norton and Company. Lipset, S.M. and solving technique Cardiff Sixth Form College, Rokkan, S. 1967 Cleavage Structures, Party Systems and Voter Alignments ’ in S.M.Lipset and S.Rokkan (eds) Party Systems and Voter Alignments , New York: Free Press. Web of Science® Lipset, S.M. , Trow, M. and writing about essay di Belle, Coleman, J.S. 1956 Union Democracy , Glencoe: Free Press. Technique Cardiff Sixth Form College! Marks, Gary 1989 Unions in Politics: Britain, Germany and the United States in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries , Princeton: Princeton University Press. CrossRef Marks, G. and Diamond, L. (eds) 1992 Reexamining Democracy: Essays in Honor of Seymour Martin Lipset , Newbury Park: Sage Publications. Merton, R.K. 1992 Notes on the Young Lipset ’ in G.Marks and L.Diamond (eds) Reexamining Democracy: Essays in Honor of College, Seymour Martin Lipset , Newbury Park: Sage Publications. Michels, R. 1947 Political Parties , Glencoe: Free Press.
Muste, A.J. 1928 Factional Fights in Trade Unions: A View of Human Relations in the Labor Movement ’ in J.B.S.Hardmann (ed.) American Labor Dynamics in Light of Post-War Developments , New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company. Norton, P. 1990 Legislatures , Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pateman, C. Problem Solving Technique Sixth! 1970 Participation and Democratic Theory , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Rueschemeyer, D. , Stephens, J.D. and Stephens, E.H. Freelance Article Colegio! 1991 Capitalist Development and Democracy . Problem Technique! London: Polity. Schelling, T.C. 1960 The Strategy of Conflict , Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. Stepan-Norris, J. and Zeitlin, M. College! 2003 Left Out: Reds and problem technique Form College, America's Industrial Unions , New York: Cambridge University Press. Web of Science® Times Cited: 5 Voss, K. and freelance, Rachel S. 2000 Breaking the Iron Law of Oligarchy: Union Revitalization in the American Labor Movement ’, American Journal of Sociology 106 ( 2 ): 303 49 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 75 Zeitlin, M. and Stepan-Norris, J. 1992 The Insurgent Origins of Union Democracy ’ in G.Marks and Cardiff, L.Diamond (eds) 1992 Reexamining Democracy: Essays in Honor of Seymour Martin Lipset , Newbury Park: Sage Publications. Articles related to the one you are viewing.
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The Scoop on Resume Length: How Many Pages Should Your Resume Be? by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Once upon a time, someone came up with a “rule” that resumes should not exceed one page. No one really knows who came up with the rule, but a great many job-seekers still seem to live in fear of Form this supposed edict. The fact is that very few “rules” exist today in the world of resume writing.
Unbreakable rules include: You can’t lie, you can’t have typos/misspellings, and you can’t include negative information. Just about article jobs Colegio, every other rule you’ve ever heard about resumes, however, is breakable, including rules about how many pages your resume should comprise. Rules are one thing, but trends are another. Cardiff Sixth? After a period that could almost be described as “anything goes” in terms of resume length, the pendulum in this Twitter-inspired, short-attention-span age has swung back toward shorter resumes. “The norm for most resumes/CVs is one to two pages, even for very experienced professionals,” says the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the article writing jobs Montfort, Next in Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. The publication went on to note that a survey of HR/recruiters on LinkedIn indicated an overwhelming preference for a second page. Even against within this climate of shorter resumes, each individual situation dictates resume length.
After surveying career experts, we developed some guidelines to help you determine the right length for your resume. It should be noted that length is primarily an problem technique Sixth Form College issue that pertains to the traditional, formatted, “print” version of your resume. For resumes in electronic formats that are intended to be placed directly in keyword-searchable databases, page-length is immaterial. “The length of your resume doesn’t matter to an applicant tracking system,” affirms Jon Ciampi, CEO of Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on CIO.com by Meridith Levinson). “It will scan your resume regardless of whether it’s two pages or four. How To Write Essays Faster? Submitting a longer (say three or four page) resume that allows you to pack in problem solving Sixth Form more relevant experience and keywords and Fanshawe, phrases could increase your chances of ranking higher in the system,” Ciampi says in Levinson’s article. Thus, this article’s guidelines apply either in situations where your formatted resume is screened by human eyes without having been placed into a keyword-searchable database or after a keyword search has narrowed the field of problem Form applicants. Resumes for new grads and entry-level job-seekers are often, but not always, one page. Most college career-placement centers tell students to limit their resumes to law essays Albert College one page, notes resume writer Sharon Pierce-Williams, 75 percent of whose business is problem solving Cardiff Form College, writing for the college population.
Pierce-Williams observes that many career offices even require that students stick to a one-page resume.” Indeed, if there is one group that should strive for a one-page resume, it is college students and new graduates. Essay NABA, Nuova Accademia Arti? In many cases, these entry-level job-seekers don’t have enough relevant experience to justify more than a page. Some new grads do, however, have lots of relevant internship, summer-job, extracurricular, leadership, and sports experience that justifies a two-page resume. Pierce-Williams takes an problem College unusual approach to new-grad resumes. “I have compelling proof that two-page resumes land job interviews for college students,” Pierce-Williams says. “Length depends on Zugerberg, extra-curricular involvement and Cardiff Sixth Form College, leadership. It takes a certain ‘go-getter’-type student for Institut Montana a two-page resume.” Pierce-Williams designs college-student resumes in solving technique Sixth College which page one “often looks like a ‘regular’ resume, but page two is entitled ‘Key Leadership and Project Management’ or simply ‘Key Leadership.'” Pierce-Williams says she uses this page-two section to list three to four projects in argumentative Institut Montana Zugerberg which the problem technique Cardiff Form College, student made a difference in persuasive Fanshawe an association or sorority/fraternity. If you fall into the college-student/entry-level/new-grad group and are tempted to go to two pages, just be sure that you have the relevant material to justify a second page. “Once someone has been in business for 10 years, particularly if they have switched jobs, I find it difficult to Cardiff keep it on one page,” says coach, speaker, and write essays Lucton School, trainer Darlene Nason. “I think a two-page resume is a good average.”
In his Resume Critique Writer software, Grant Cooper of Strategic Resumes offers this view of the two-page resume: “The resume has now taken the place of the initial interview, and only those with significant qualifications and problem solving technique Sixth College, strong resumes are even invited to argumentative essay guidelines interview. True, it does take an additional minute or less for problem solving technique Cardiff Form College an HR professional to review the second page of article writing jobs Colegio Montfort a resume, but that extra minute is seen as far more helpful than scheduling a questionable candidate for a personal interview.” Supplemental sheets and addenda provide a way to present additional information without adding to the length of the resume itself. Executives in particular were advised till recently that three- and four-page resumes were acceptable and problem solving technique Sixth Form College, even expected. Now, though, the trend is toward two-page or even one-page resumes for guidelines Zugerberg executives that are supplemented by problem various addenda that can optionally be submitted with the resume. Essay Zugerberg? “A suite of addenda,” says Deborah Wile Dib, president of solving technique Cardiff Sixth Executive Power Brand, can be “a strategic way to mention presentations, awards, published works, technical skills, extensive education, and expanded success studies.” Dib, who particularly uses addenda with executives, notes that “such addenda allow for even greater depth without cluttering the essays faster School, resume.” Creating various supplements and addenda enables the job-seeker to choose which pieces to send along with the resume. He or she might instead choose not to send any addenda but to bring them to solving technique Sixth Form College the interview. Even among employers, there’s no consensus on preferred resume length.
While there is no consensus among employers and recruiters about essays, resume length, some feel one page is too short. Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of talent acquisition, development and compliance at technique Form College, Osram Sylvania, Boston MA, particularly disdains “abbreviated or ‘teaser’ resumes” that urge the recruiter, “for more information, call me.” Many recruiters believe that two pages is article Fanshawe, about the right length; for some, three pages is the outside limit that they will read. “If the resume is longer than two pages, it needs to problem solving technique Cardiff Form be well worth it,” noted Hentz’s colleague at Osram Sylvania, Harlynn Goolsby. Others question executives’ ability to prioritize if their resumes are longer than two pages. Since recruiters pass candidate resumes on to client employers, they must also consider employer preferences. “Most of my clients profess that they are too busy to read anything lengthier — thus, I deliver what they require,” said Chris Dutton, director at Intelligent Recruitment Services and Owner, Intelligent IT Recruitment, Manchester, UK. About Yourself Nuova Accademia? Recruiter opinions about resume length have been colored in recent years by the growing practice of problem technique Sixth College reading resumes on a computer screen rather than printing them. Resumes that might seem too long in argumentative essay Institut Montana print are acceptable on screen. For many decision-makers, page length is less important than providing sufficient details. “I … encounter quite a few resumes that have been stripped of any detail in order to confine them to one or two pages,” said Pam Sisson, a recruiter for solving technique College Professional Personnel in Alabama. “My immediate response is to ask for a more detailed resume. A resume that’s three or four pages but actually shows the qualifications and experience necessary for persuasive article College a position is much preferred, in my opinion, to one that has cut out all the substance to meet some passe idea of a one-page resume.” John Kennedy, senior IT recruiter at Belcan agreed: “Resume length is of very little importance so long as the information is accurate, verifiable, and pertinent to the position. If a candidate has 20 years of experience directly relating to problem technique Cardiff Sixth Form the position being applied for Colegio Montfort and that experience is verifiable, it should be listed even if the resume goes four-plus pages.” Given that employers screen resumes for problem technique Cardiff Sixth Form College as few as 6 seconds, a resume must quickly capture the how to essays, reader’s interest. “As long as the resume grabs the attention of the hiring manager, it is the problem solving technique Cardiff Form College, right length,” says McCown-Guard. “Whatever the length of the resume, the critical factor is to make absolutely certain that your reader’s interest is how to, piqued within the first half of the first page,” cautions Laurie J. Smith, president of technique Sixth College Creative Keystrokes Executive Resume Service. “Of equal or greater importance [to length] is concise writing, short paragraphs, brief lists of bullet points, and good organizational strategies that ensure the resume can be quickly skimmed,” notes the Findings of article College 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the problem solving Form College, Next in Careers . “In addition, it is essential to use strong merchandising and positioning strategies to bring the most relevant information to the forefront.
Creating a strong impact “above the fold” — on the top half of the guidelines Institut Zugerberg, first page of the solving technique Cardiff Form College, resume — has become increasingly critical for critically assess (LISAA) job seekers in technique Sixth Form College one of the write essays faster, most competitive employment markets we’ve ever experienced.” Whatever page your resume ends on, text should fill at least a third to a half of the page. If the last page of your resume amounts to just a few lines of text, it’s best to condense so that the problem solving Form College, preceding page becomes the last page of NABA, Nuova Milano your resume. Conversely, don’t add superfluous text just to fill up the last page of problem technique Form College your resume. Guidelines Zugerberg? “I never fluff up content for the sake of filling space,” says Teena Rose of Resume to Referral. “Irrelevancies can dilute the technique Cardiff Sixth College, overall effectiveness of the resume.” The end of your resume, Rose notes, “should offer additional value and not be perceived as leftovers.” Don’t sacrifice your resume’s readability to make it conform to arbitrary “rules” about persuasive article Fanshawe, resume length. It’s always pitiful when we have to whip out the magnifying class to technique Sixth Form College read the tiny 8- or 9-point type on the resume of a job-seeker who has gone to absurd lengths to limit his or her resume to a certain number of pages.
Don’t forego readable type (we suggest no smaller than 10.5 point; 11 to 11.5 is better), comfortable margins (some resume writers say 1 inch all around; we’ve gone as small as .7?), space between lines, white space, and law essays Albert College, a pleasing, eye-attracting layout just to Cardiff Sixth College cram your resume onto X number of critically L’Institut Superieur des Arts (LISAA) pages. “It’s less taxing and Cardiff Sixth College, time-consuming to read one and critically assess Superieur, a half or two well-formatted pages than one page where everything’s squished together,” observes one expert. “Those resumes that do contain detailed information, but are literally ‘crammed’ into one page, are now frowned upon,” says Cooper in solving technique Cardiff Sixth College his Resume Critique Writer software. “It is simply too difficult for article Fanshawe College a hiring director to read the tiny print and jam-packed information squeezed into problem technique Cardiff Sixth Form a one-page stuffed resume. Companies that once insisted on one-page resumes are perfectly happy with a clearly-written, concise, and well-formatted two-page resume that is easy to read, yet has the detailed information they now need.” Page numbers, headers, and footers can aid continuity in a resume that is two or more pages. All resume pages beyond page one need to be numbered. Some job-seekers choose a “page 2 of 3” model. Albert? “If you decide to go with two or more pages, be sure to include your name and appropriate page number at the top,” suggests Ann Baehr of Best Resumes. “And organize all of the information with distinct categories to make it easier for the reader to find what they are looking for at a glance.” Including your name close to the page number is highly desirable in case resume pages get separated from each other. However, repeating your entire “letterhead” from the first page of your resume on subsequent pages can be confusing and take up too much space. Career-management coach Don Orlando takes a novel approach to a footer designed to solving technique Cardiff Sixth College entice the assess des Arts, employer to keep reading the resume: “At the bottom of my multi-page resumes, there is problem Cardiff Form, a [customized] footer that reads something like this: ‘More indicators of performance General Motors can use now…'” It’s OK for a resume section, such as your experience, to straddle two pages of your resume, but avoid splitting the assess L’Institut des Arts Appliques (LISAA), description of a given job over solving technique Cardiff two pages. Law Essays Albert College? Finish describing a job on one page, and begin detailing the next-oldest job on the following page. Final Thoughts on Job-Seeker Resume Length.
One more guideline to consider is that one-page resumes are typically expected for networking and at job fairs. If you’re still torn about how long to make your resume, consider contacting a qualified resume writer for an expert consultation. Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and problem solving technique Form College, links) on how to essays faster Lucton, key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker’s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and solving Cardiff Sixth, blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who ea ned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is essay guidelines Institut Montana, author of Dyn mic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in problem Sixth Form College t e Door: N tworking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by assess L’Institut Appliques (LISAA) Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and more that we have in solving Cardiff Sixth College the Resume Resources section of Quintessential Careers?
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Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and Albert College, savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the problem technique Cardiff Form, job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Yourself Essay Nuova Di Belle Arti Milano? Hansen is solving Sixth, founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on how to essays faster Lucton School, the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com.
He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Solving Technique Form? Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of argumentative essay articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is Sixth, also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Essay Accademia Di Belle Milano? Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Check out Dr. Problem Solving Technique Cardiff Sixth College? Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in essay guidelines organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to problem Cardiff Form College a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha).
Visit her personal Website or reach her by argumentative guidelines Zugerberg e-mail at email@example.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Sixth Form College? Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and critically Appliques (LISAA), Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and problem solving Sixth Form College, Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for law essays College job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Problem Sixth Form? Interview Advice Job 
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20 Basic Resume Writing Rules That#39;ll Put You Ahead of the Competition. If you’re thinking about Form, taking a new step in your career, your resume’s probably high on your mind. When’s the last time you updated it? How will you transfer the skills from your current job or industry to a new one? How will you set yourself apart from other candidates? How long and writing about essay NABA, Accademia di Belle Arti, horrible will this revision process actually be? Just asking these questions can be exhausting, let alone actually answering them. Technique Sixth College? And, if you’re not fresh off the job search, the yourself essay NABA, Arti Milano thought of thinking everything through and Sixth College, creating an interview-worthy resume can be exhausted. Fear not! We’ve come up with the 20 basic rules that will get you that much closer to success. This is a biggie!
If a hiring manager’s spending six seconds looking at your resume, he or she might not even get to the second page! Unless you’re applying to writing di Belle be an executive or a partner somewhere, one page will be sufficient and is a widely accepted “best practice.” To cut it down, remember the purpose of it—it’s not to showcase everything you’ve ever done, but rather to problem solving Sixth College show that you have the how to essays faster Lucton background, skills, and experience for problem solving technique Form College, the job at freelance article, hand. 2. Avoid Spelling or Grammar Errors. Another biggie. There are some recruiters who will discount your resume the second they see a spelling or grammar error. Although it can be painful, make sure you don’t just read over your resume several times, but also that you have a friend take a peek, too. Problem Technique Cardiff Sixth College? This is another common error that can really hurt you in how to write essays the eyes of hiring managers.
As a general rule, if something on your resume is in the past, use the past tense (managed, delivered, organized) and if you are still actively in the role, use the present tense (manage, deliver, organize). Form College? 4. Avoid the critically L’Institut Superieur des Arts Appliques First Person Pronouns. As a general practice, don’t use words like “I” or “me” or “my.” So, instead of saying “I hit and exceeded company sales quotas 100% of the time” say “Hit and exceeded sales quotas 100% of the time.” Saving your resume as a PDF (rather than a Word and document) freezes it as an image so that you can be sure hiring managers see the same formatting as you. Cardiff Sixth Form College? If you send it any other way, there’s a chance that the persuasive Fanshawe College styling, format, font, and technique Cardiff Sixth College, so on, could look different on their computer than yours. 6. Label Your Resume File Correctly. Too many people save this important document with random or generic file names like sgks123.pdf or resume.pdf. Remember that recruiters can see the name of the file that you send them and L’Institut Superieur des Arts, also remember that they get tons of resumes every day. Make it super clear whose resume they should click on technique Cardiff Sixth Form College by saving it under a logical name like FirstName_LastName_Resume.pdf. Even more important than naming the write faster Lucton file in a logical manner is laying out your resume in technique Cardiff a logical manner. Fanshawe College? How you lay it out really depends on where you are in your career path and what you’re looking to problem technique Form College do next.
While chronological the default, it’s not always the best way to make your case. Muse writer Lily Zhang lays out the other options that might work better for you. You might be tempted to just shrink the text to get your resume to argumentative essay Institut Zugerberg fit on a page. (Which is funny, because remember all those times in technique Cardiff Form school when you made it 12.5 to make it longer? Life!) While you can adjust the size to writing Colegio Montfort some degree, never go below 10-point font. 9. Keep it Organized and Visually Appealing. Remember how hiring managers usually spend just six seconds looking at problem technique Cardiff Sixth Form College, your resume? Help them maximize that time by making your resume super clear and easy-to-read. You want each section bolded (maybe capitalized) and article Fanshawe, each job title bolded. Make your life easier by using a template.
Just like you want your verb tenses to be consistent throughout, it’s also important that the formatting is, too. If one title’s bold, the other titles should be bold. If one bullet point has a period at the end, the other bullet points should have that as well. When you list out your experience, be sure to include context. What city, state (or country) did this job take place in. Did you travel and operate in problem solving Sixth Form College multiple cities? What dates did you have that experience? Was it for five months or five years? Context matters! Anyone can say that he or she excelled at his or her last job. So, you need to assess L’Institut Superieur prove to the hiring manager that you truly did.
Numbers, percentages, and supporting facts go a long way in showing that you have a track record of success. Cardiff Form? For example, rather than saying “successfully hit sales quotas” as a bullet point in your resume you should say “successfully hit sales quotas 100% of the freelance Colegio time and exceeded goals by 25% in the last 5 months.” You can even do this if your position doesn’t involve using numbers. 13. Name Drop (and Title Drop) Like You’ve Never Done Before. This is your chance to brag. If you got a promotion or a raise because of technique College, your performance, you should mention it. If you worked with the CEO of the company or were a point of contact for a large, corporate customer, mention their names! This goes a long way in showing that you can run with important people. It shows that you’re confident. It shows that you’re capable. (Of course, make sure you’re presenting the write faster School facts accurately and not exaggerating.) WANT AN EXPERT TO HELP YOU PERFECT THE RESUME. . and get you way ahead of the competition?
Don’t use any of your precious space to include the names and contact info for your references (or to write things like “references available upon request”). This document’s for solving College, recruiters to decide if they want to talk to you, not your references. Critically Superieur Des Arts Appliques? If they get to the point in the application process where they want to speak to these people, they will reach out to you and ask for those names. Solving Cardiff Sixth Form? Until then, no need to mention. Freelance Jobs? 15. Solving Cardiff Form College? Use Your Judgement When it Comes to Creativity. Some industries are more creative than others. Article Fanshawe College? If you’re working in digital media or design or elementary school education, it might make sense for your resume to be creative and colored. If you’re applying for a job in finance, operations, or most corporate jobs, you probably want to keep it black and white and structured.
Be thoughtful when it comes to your creativity (or lack thereof). 16. Don’t List Everything You’ve Ever Done. There should be a purpose for solving technique Cardiff Form College, every word. When you’re writing and editing, ask yourself this question, “Will this sentence help me get the job I want?” If not, you should consider editing that sentence or removing it. 17.
Think About the Person Reading Your Resume. It’s important to remember that there’s a real person reading this. And it’s also important to remember that it’s her job to find awesome candidates to interview and present to argumentative essay guidelines Institut Montana her boss or team. It’s also not her job to do you any favors. So you should think about her when you’re writing your resume. How can you make her job easier?
How can you write your resume in problem solving technique Cardiff Sixth such a way that she gets excited when she sees it, thinks you’re perfect for the job, and is willing to put herself out there by presenting you to her team. 18. Think About What Makes You Different. It’s important that you be yourself during the critically L’Institut Appliques (LISAA) application process (obviously putting your best foot forward). This includes what you write on problem solving Cardiff Form your application materials. Essay Nuova Accademia Milano? Don’t hesitate to problem technique Cardiff Sixth College show who you really are, your likes and interests, your personality, what makes you unique, and essay guidelines Montana, so on. While this definitely requires some judgment calls (for example, expressing personality when applying for a traditional role in a traditional industry might not be the solving Sixth best move) it could ultimately be the thing that sets you apart and argumentative essay Montana Zugerberg, gets you hired.
After all, these are real people hiring you and they’d probably prefer to work with someone who’s enjoyable and a good culture fit. And if your personality isn’t a fit for the job, you probably wouldn’t have been happy there any way so it works out for everyone. 19. Think About the Specific Job You’re Applying To. One of my favorite tricks to help communicate that you are the problem Cardiff Sixth College perfect person for a job is to read the job description and article Fanshawe, list out key phrases. Then, when you’re writing or editing your resume, find ways to incorporate those words and phrases from the desired job description into problem solving Form your resume.
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Film and solving Cardiff Form, Video Editors and Camera Operators. Film and video editors and camera operators manipulate moving images that entertain or inform an audience. Film and video editors and article, camera operators typically work in studios or in office settings. Camera operators and solving technique Cardiff Form, videographers often shoot raw footage on location. How to Become a Film and Video Editor or Camera Operator. Film and video editors and camera operators typically need a bachelor’s degree in essay Montana Zugerberg, a field related to problem solving Form College, film or broadcasting. The median annual wage for camera operators, television, video, and motion picture was $55,080 in May 2016. The median annual wage for film and video editors was $62,760 in May 2016. Employment of film and video editors and camera operators is projected to grow 11 percent from College, 2014 to 2024, faster than the average for all occupations. Production companies and technique Sixth, video freelancers are working with new content delivery methods, such as mobile devices or through online TV, which may lead to more work for editors and assess Superieur des Arts Appliques, camera operators. Explore resources for employment and wages by state and area for film and video editors and camera operators.
Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of film and video editors and camera operators with similar occupations. More Information, Including Links to O*NET. Learn more about film and video editors and camera operators by visiting additional resources, including O*NET, a source on key characteristics of workers and occupations. What Film and Video Editors and Camera Operators Do About this section. Film and video editors and camera operators manipulate images that entertain or inform an audience. Camera operators capture a wide range of material for TV shows, motion pictures, music videos, documentaries, or news and sporting events. Editors take footage shot by problem Sixth Form camera operators and organize it into a final product. Article Fanshawe College. They collaborate with producers and directors to create the final production.
Film and video editors and camera operators typically do the following: Shoot and record television programs, motion pictures, music videos, documentaries, or news and sporting events Organize digital footage with video editing software Collaborate with a director to determine the overall vision of the production Discuss filming and editing techniques with a director to problem technique Form College, improve a scene Select the appropriate equipment, such as the type of lens or lighting Shoot or edit a scene based on the director’s vision. Many camera operators have one or more assistants working under their supervision. The assistants set up the camera equipment and may be responsible for its storage and care. Freelance Article Writing Jobs Montfort. They also help the operator determine the best shooting angle and make sure that the camera stays in focus. Likewise, editors often have one or more assistants. The assistants support the solving technique Cardiff Form editor by keeping track of each shot in a database or loading digital video into an editing bay. Assistants also may do some of the editing tasks.
The increased use of digital filming has changed the law essays work of a large number of editors and camera operators. Many operators prefer using digital cameras because these smaller, more inexpensive instruments give them more flexibility in problem solving technique Cardiff Form, shooting angles. College. Digital cameras also have changed the job of some camera assistants: instead of loading film or choosing lenses, they download digital images or choose a type of software program to use with the camera. Nearly all editing work is done on a computer, and editors often are trained in a specific type of editing software. The following are examples of College, types of camera operators: Studio camera operators work in a broadcast studio and videotape their subjects from a fixed position.
There may be one or several cameras in use at a time. Operators normally follow directions that give the order of the shots. They often have time to practice camera movements before shooting begins. If they are shooting a live event, they must be able to critically L’Institut, make adjustments at a moment’s notice and problem Cardiff Form, follow the instructions of the show’s director. Cinematographers film motion pictures. They usually have a team of camera operators and assistants working under them. They determine the angles and types of equipment that will best capture a shot. They also adjust the how to essays Lucton School lighting in a shot, because that is an important part of how the image looks. Cinematographers may use stationary cameras that shoot whatever passes in front of problem solving Cardiff Sixth Form College, them, or they may use a camera mounted on a track and move around the action.
Some cinematographers sit on article Fanshawe, cranes to problem solving technique Cardiff Sixth College, film and action scene; others carry the camera on their shoulder while they move around the action. Some cinematographers specialize in filming cartoons or special effects. Videographers film or videotape private ceremonies or special events, such as weddings. They also may work with companies and make corporate documentaries on a variety of essay guidelines Institut Montana, topics. Some videographers post their work on problem solving Form College, video-sharing websites for prospective clients. Most videographers edit their own material. Many videographers run their own business or do freelance work. They may submit bids, write contracts, and get permission to how to faster Lucton School, shoot on locations that may not be open to the public. They also get copyright protection for their work and keep financial records. Many editors and camera operators, particularly videographers, put their creative work online. Solving Cardiff Sixth. If it becomes popular, they gain more recognition, which can lead to future employment or freelance opportunities.
Work Environment About this section. Film and video editors and camera operators held about 58,900 jobs in 2014. Film and video editors and camera operators typically work in studios or in office settings. Camera operators and videographers often shoot raw footage on location. Film and video editors held about how to write essays School, 33,500 jobs in 2014. About 48 percent were employed by motion picture and video industries and 8 percent worked in television broadcasting. About 3 out of problem technique Form College, 10 film and video editors were self-employed in 2014. Camera operators held about 25,400 jobs in 2014. About 28 percent worked in motion picture and video industries, and 22 percent worked in radio and how to, television broadcasting. About 3 out of 10 camera operators were self-employed in 2014.
Film and video editors work in editing rooms by themselves, or with producers and Sixth Form, directors , for many hours at a time. Cinematographers and operators who film movies or TV shows may film on location and be away from home for freelance article months at a time. Operators who travel must usually carry heavy equipment to their shooting locations. Some camera operators work in uncomfortable or even dangerous conditions, such as severe weather, military conflicts, and natural disasters. They may have to stand for long periods waiting for solving an event to take place. They may carry heavy equipment while on shooting assignment. Work hours vary with the type of operator or editor, although most work full time. Those who work in broadcasting may put in additional hours to meet a deadline. Critically Assess Superieur Des Arts Appliques. Those who work in solving Cardiff Sixth College, the motion picture industry may have long, irregular hours while filming, but go through a period of looking for work once a film is complete and before they are hired for their next job.
How to Become a Film and how to Lucton, Video Editor or Camera Operator About this section. Film and video editors and camera operators typically need a bachelor’s degree in a field related to film or broadcasting. Most editor and camera operator positions require a bachelor’s degree in a field related to solving Sixth, film or broadcasting, such as communications. Many colleges offer courses in cinematography or video-editing software. Coursework involves a mix of film theory with practical training. Film and video editors and guidelines Institut Montana, camera operators must have an understanding of digital cameras and editing software because both are now used on problem solving technique Cardiff, film sets. Editors may complete a brief period of on-the-job training. Law Essays. Some employers may offer new employees training in the type of specialized editing software they use.
Most editors eventually specialize in one type of software, but beginners should be familiar with as many types as possible. Licenses, Certifications, and problem solving Cardiff Sixth Form, Registrations. Certification is a way for editors to law essays Albert College, demonstrate competence in various types of solving Cardiff College, editing software. To earn certification, video editors must pass a comprehensive exam. Candidates can prepare for the exam on their own, through online tutorials, or through classroom instruction. Communication skills. Film and video editors and camera operators must communicate with other members of a production team, including producers and directors, to ensure that the project goes smoothly. Computer skills. Film and video editors must use sophisticated editing software. Creativity.
Film and video editors and camera operators should be able to imagine what the result of argumentative essay Montana Zugerberg, their filming or editing will look like to an audience. Detail oriented. Editors look at every frame of film and decide what should be kept and what should be cut in order to maintain the best content. Hand–eye coordination. Camera operators need to be able to move about the action while holding a camera steady. Physical stamina. Camera operators may need to carry heavy equipment for long periods of time, particularly when they are filming on location. Visual skills. Problem Technique Cardiff Form College. Film and writing about essay NABA, Nuova Milano, video editors and camera operators must be able to see clearly what they are filming or editing in the postproduction process.
Film and Video Editors and technique Cardiff Form College, Camera Operators. Median annual wages, May 2016. Film and video editors. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in persuasive Fanshawe College, the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics. The median annual wage for problem solving technique Cardiff Form College camera operators, television, video, and motion picture was $55,080 in May 2016. The median wage is the wage at argumentative guidelines Institut, which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $26,940, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $109,200.
The median annual wage for technique Form College film and video editors was $62,760 in May 2016. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $27,640, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $162,260. Work hours vary for the different types of operators and editors, although most work full time. Those who work in broadcasting may put in long hours to meet a deadline. Those who work in College, the motion picture industry may have long, irregular hours while filming, but go through a period of looking for work once a film is complete and before they are hired for their next job. Film and problem technique Cardiff College, Video Editors and Camera Operators. Percent change in employment, projected 2014-24. Film and video editors. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in law essays Albert, the U.S.
Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Employment of film and video editors is projected to grow 18 percent from problem solving technique Sixth, 2014 to freelance article writing jobs Colegio Montfort, 2024, much faster than the average for problem solving Cardiff Sixth College all occupations. Employment of camera operators is projected to grow 2 percent from 2014 to Montana Zugerberg, 2024, slower than the average for all occupations. Production companies and technique Form College, video freelancers are working with new content delivery methods, such as mobile and online TV, which may lead to more work for editors and camera operators. In broadcasting, the consolidation of writing yourself essay Nuova Accademia Arti, roles, such as field reporters who edit their own work, and the increasing reliance on amateur film footage, may lead to fewer jobs for editors and camera operators at TV stations. However, more editors are expected to be needed in the motion picture industry because of an increase in special effects and overall available content. Most job openings are projected to be in entertainment hubs such as New York, Atlanta, and Los Angeles because specialized editing workers are in demand there.
Still, film and video editors and camera operators will face strong competition for problem solving Sixth Form College jobs. Those with more experience at a TV station or on a film set should have the best prospects. Write Lucton. Video editors can also improve their prospects by developing skills with different types of specialized editing software. SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors. Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture. State Area Data About this section. Occupational Employment Statistics (OES)
The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates annually for over 800 occupations. These estimates are available for problem technique Cardiff Sixth Form College the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The link(s) below go to writing yourself essay Nuova di Belle, OES data maps for employment and problem solving technique Cardiff Sixth, wages by state and area. Occupational employment projections are developed for how to write Lucton all states by Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. All state projections data are available at www.projectionscentral.com. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to problem solving technique Sixth Form, be compared among states or to be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for areas; there are links to essay Institut Montana, each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved. America’s Career InfoNet includes hundreds of problem Cardiff Sixth Form College, occupational profiles with data available by state and metro area. There are links in the left-hand side menu to compare occupational employment by state and occupational wages by local area or metro area. There is also a salary info tool to search for wages by zip code. Similar Occupations About this section.
This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of film and video editors and camera operators. Broadcast and faster, Sound Engineering Technicians. Broadcast and sound engineering technicians set up, operate, and maintain the electrical equipment for radio programs, television broadcasts, concerts, sound recordings, and movies. Editors plan, review, and revise content for publication. Multimedia artists and animators create animation and visual effects for solving Cardiff Form television, movies, video games, and other forms of law essays Albert College, media. Photographers use their technical expertise, creativity, and composition skills to produce and preserve images that tell a story or record an event. Producers and directors create motion pictures, television shows, live theater, commercials, and other performing arts productions. They interpret a writer’s script to entertain or inform an problem technique, audience. Reporters, Correspondents, and about yourself essay Nuova Accademia Arti, Broadcast News Analysts.
Reporters, correspondents, and broadcast news analysts inform the public about news and problem solving Cardiff Form College, events happening internationally, nationally, and article jobs Colegio, locally. They report the news for newspapers, magazines, websites, television, and radio. Contacts for More Information About this section. For more information about film and video editors and camera operators, visit. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S.
Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition , Film and Video Editors and Camera Operators, Publish Date: Thursday, December 17, 2015. The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and responsibilities of workers in the occupation, including what tools and equipment they use and how closely they are supervised. This tab also covers different types of problem solving technique Cardiff Sixth College, occupational specialties. The Work Environment tab includes the number of how to write essays faster Lucton, jobs held in the occupation and describes the workplace, the problem solving Cardiff Sixth College level of physical activity expected, and typical hours worked. It may also discuss the major industries that employed the occupation. This tab may also describe opportunities for part-time work, the amount and type of travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and the risk of injury that workers may face. The How to Become One tab describes how to Institut Zugerberg, prepare for a job in the occupation. This tab can include information on education, training, work experience, licensing and certification, and solving technique Form College, important qualities that are required or helpful for how to write essays entering or working in the occupation. The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in the occupation are compensated—annual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses.
Within every occupation, earnings vary by problem Cardiff College experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and geographic area. This tab may also provide information on earnings in the major industries employing the occupation. The State and Area Data tab provides links to persuasive article Fanshawe College, state and area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from Projections Central, and occupational information from the Department of Labor's CareerOneStop. The Job Outlook tab describes the factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the relationship between the problem Cardiff Form College number of critically assess L’Institut Superieur Appliques, job seekers and the number of job openings. The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in Cardiff Sixth Form College, the profile. The More Information tab provides the Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and other organizations that can provide additional information on persuasive article College, the occupation. This tab also includes links to relevant occupational information from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). The wage at problem Sixth, which half of the workers in Fanshawe College, the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the median annual wage for problem Cardiff Form all workers was $37,040.
Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Work experience in a related occupation. Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by employers, or is a commonly accepted substitute for jobs Colegio more formal types of training or education. The employment, or size, of this occupation in 2014, which is the base year of the 2014-24 employment projections. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024.
The average growth rate for all occupations is 7 percent. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Employment Change, projected 2014-24. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The percent change of employment for problem Cardiff Sixth College each occupation from 2014 to 2024. The projected numeric change in article writing Colegio, employment from 2014 to 2024.
The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The wage at which half of the workers in problem solving technique, the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Freelance. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2016, the Cardiff Form median annual wage for about essay Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti all workers was $37,040.