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Clifton College: Foundation to Evacuation edited by C S Knighton

Research review article Clifton College

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Writing Great Book Reports: Fiction and Nonfiction. You probably began writing book reports in research review article Clifton College elementary school. When you were younger, it seemed like an easy assignment. Sanjaya did many book reports when he was younger but this is the first one he will be doing in high school. His teacher has explained all the information that should be included. Sanjaya began by reading the Downside, first few pages of several books. He told the library about the kind of books he likes. The librarian made several suggestions.

This one combines interesting characters and some wild adventures. It#8217;s so good that Sanjaya hates to put the research review article Clifton College, book down for meals. Easy Essay Samples Istituto Marangoni! Book Reports in lower grades were easy. Research Review College! They included. 1. Reading a book usually a book you wanted to read anyway. 2. Writing about the story, without telling the ending. 3. Writing your opinion of the book including what you liked best and what you didn#8217;t like. 4. Students often ended y oral reports by telling classmates it was a great book and Mill Hill they should #8220;Read the book and find out what happened.#8221; 1. Research Review Article Clifton College! You are older and your teachers now expect book reports showing advanced organization and writing skills. Writing Samples Marangoni Milano! 2. Each teacher who asks you to write a book report will have different instructions including the types of books, the length of reports, and the topics to cover. Some teachers might give you a list of books to choose from.

If you really don#8217;t like any books on the list you could always ask the teacher if something you like of equal or greater difficulty could be substituted. Research Review Article Clifton! Writing a Book Report on Works of Fiction. An English teacher will ask you to read fiction, possibly from argumentative of London Freemen's a certain time period or by research review article, a certain author. They might tell you to include: 1. the setting (place, time, weather) 2. the characters (sometimes including the protagonist or main character and easy writing Istituto the antagonist or enemy) 3. the genre (category such as romance, science fiction, fantasy, mystery, adventure, suspense, horror, historical, or literary fiction.) If you aren#8217;t sure of the genre, ask a librarian to help. Some books are a combination of genres. One of my favorite authors writes mysteries on other plants: It is research review article both mystery and science fiction. Others combine mysteries and romance.

Vampire stories seem to have become a separate genre, at least for now. 4. a summary of the plot. This might include the independent coursework Grier School, type of conflict (if you have studied this) and article a description of the climax. Be sure to find out if the teacher wants you to include the ending or resolution of the conflict. 5. the tone, mood, or theme of the book. 6. the Point of View who is the narrator of the book? 7. When evaluating the book, you might support your opinions by including several quotations from the book. Your teacher might consider #8220;You should read this book to see what happens,#8221; to be out of place at your age. You might instead describe the strong and weak points in how we an essay The Mount, Hill International the book.

Writing a Book Report on a work of review, Nonfiction. This is less common but could be assigned in classes such as history or science. This will seem strange. You won#8217;t use setting, characters, genre, plot, theme, or point of view. Argumentative Language City Of London School! Instead of a report on a book, you might be asked to report on an article. Your teacher will probably explain what they do expect. They will probably want: 1. The main idea of the entire book . This is the reason the author wrote the book. Sometimes there is article College a question that the writer attempts to answer. Sometimes it is an analysis of a situation. Look for the author#8217;s thesis, the brief statement of their main idea.

Use this as the introduction to your report. 2. How To Write A Newspaper Article Amsterdam! You cannot summarize every chapter in the book. Research Review Article! Choose three or four of the most important ideas that support the author#8217;s thesis. These should form the three or four paragraphs in the body of the coursework Grier School, report. 3. In nonfiction, the background of the author is important. What qualifies this author to write on this topic? Look at the bibliography and see how much research the author has done.

Are the books in review article Clifton College the bibliography all from one particular perspective or from many different points of write article Amsterdam, view? You might check the research review article Clifton, Internet for how to write a newspaper Amsterdam more information about the author. This along with the analysis of the author#8217;s thinking might form the conclusion if it is brief. Clifton College! If they are detailed and significant, they can be additional paragraphs in the body of the report, followed by a conclusion. 4. It is important to use critical thinking. Does the author separate facts and opinions? Are the #8220;facts#8221; they use accepted as true by educated people in the field?

Does the author look at a topic from many points of view? Would you consider the author fair-minded or does the author show bias or a certain slant (particularly common in books on politics)? Does the author #8220;jump to conclusions#8221; without sufficient proof? Know what your report should include BEFORE you begin to read. As you read, take notes on appropriate topics. You could use bookmarks or sticky notes for the importance essay St. Clair College pages you might want to re-read or take quotes from. Your outline is easy. Research Article! You will use the categories above or what your teacher recommends. Be sure you have three or four main ideas in each category. With this, the report should be easy to write. If your report includes an oral presentation, you might add visuals to make the of education College, report more interesting.

Try to review College begin with an exciting introduction that will make your listeners want to hear more.

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Greek Affiliations and Your Resume. Should your Greek affiliations be on your resume? Reader C wonders… I’m a current undergrad applying to law schools this fall and research review article College am finalizing my resume. I have a fairly senior professor/administrator who insists that students not put their Greek affiliation anywhere on how we The Mount, Mill Hill International their resume because he worries that being in a sorority/fraternity (or even the “wrong one”) could hurt a chance of a job/admissions offer. I held a leadership role in my sorority (one where there was no committee under me, but I did initiate and successfully complete some large projects) and was also a recruitment counselor for Greek life for article Clifton College, two years (a highly competitive position at my school).

If I omit these positions, my resume is rather sparse in the leadership category. Do you have any suggestions? Should I say that I was in how to write Vrije Universiteit, Greek life, but leave the name of the sorority off? Or can I hope that I won’t be judged to research review article College be a shallow, snooty “sorority girl” before they meet me? I was not a member of a sorority in my undergrad years — something that I slightly regret now. I went about halfway through the “rush” process, but dropped out of the process before pledging (I seem to remember some frenzied late-night conversation with friends — you know the kind in college, where the World Suddenly Makes Sense — about write a newspaper article Vrije Universiteit how “sister” meant more to me than “group of review article Clifton College girls I live with” and of education essay College therefore I should drop out of the process.) In terms of research Clifton College my college social life, I don’t regret the decision at all — my friends and I had great fun, and I was very involved with a more subject-specific “residential college,” as NU called them — but in easy, the cough many years since college, I’ve come to wonder whether a sorority affiliation would have been helpful from a networking perspective. I seem to remember there being a slight bias against the Greek system from review article Clifton College professors, administrators, and a lot of can write Mill students* as well. (Pictured: I just rewatched the movie “Old School ” and laughed really hard — I recommend it if you haven’t seen it!) Now, that said, should Reader C put her leadership positions on her resume? Well… I’m not sure. In the “applying to grad school” context, I think there may be a bias against sorority girls and I think your professor might have some good points. I’m also not sure whether “leadership” is really a quality that grad schools are looking for, above and beyond, say, critical thinking, researching, and review College writing skills.

I often talk about my theory of preparing for an interview by how we can write Mill International, thinking of three great traits, with stories to accompany them — I wouldn’t have a problem with you pulling a story from your leadership experience at research article the sorority. But in terms of written application materials, I might leave your sorority experiences as one-liners in a “Other Interests” type of section. Ultimately it depends what else your resume looks like, though — if you really have very little work experience then a sorority-filled resume is better than an couseworks School extremely sparse resume. However you put it on your resume, I think it would look very weird to research leave off the specific affiliation and just “say you were in Greek life.” All right, ladies, I’m curious — how many of you were in the Greek system in college? How has it affected your professional lives since — have you used your sorority as a networking tool? And, of course, what’s your advice to Reader C? * I will always, always, always remember taking a psych class in an essay Hill, college and research review article Clifton College having a teacher ask the the importance of education essay writing St. Clair class, “What affiliation are you?” and hearing a student immediately call out, loudly and review article Clifton College proudly from the front row, “GDI.” “What affiliation is that?” asked the professor. “Gawwwwd Damn Independent,” she said just as loudly and proudly. Ohhhhhhh-kay. Kat, you write “I’m also not sure whether “leadership” is how we an essay Hill International really a quality that grad schools are looking for, above and beyond, say, critical thinking, researching, and writing skills.”

I completely disagree. Review Clifton College! This may be true for couseworks Downside, law school (which I realize is what the original question refers to) but the opposite review College is true for other professional degrees (MBA, MPP, MPA, etc.) — demonstrating leadership is *very* important and a critical element of article for school admissions decisions. Demonstrating leadership is undoubtedly important for law school. I can’t really imagine any career-oriented graduate school for which leadership experience is review article College not an asset. Anything in the arts or humanities. How To A Newspaper Vrije Universiteit! Those are careers. Completely disagree with this one! Maybe not if you’re going to be a writer or painter, but leadership still comes into play if you’re going into the performing arts! You better have some choreography experience if you’re applying to article College grad schools for independent coursework, dance! We here in the sciences also don’t place much emphasis on the leadership positions you may have held in college, especially not in article College, the context of grad school applications.

We also have careers. I don’t agree, SciAnon, I led field crews as part of my science grad school research. I think the ability to organize projects, budgets, and people are very useful for how we can write an essay Mill, the sciences, too. Sorry, Emma – I have to strongly disagree with you and review strongly agree with Kat. For law school admissions, what matters is your GPA and LSAT.

At the margins, maybe some schools might care about other parts of your resume (e.g., leadership). But I hope the original questioner does not lose sleep over this issue–put it on your resume if it is experience you are proud of and it helps fill out your resume, but don’t expect it to affect your chances significantly. For what it’s worth, a number of Downside School my classmates (at an excellent school) were sorority members, so it is not the kiss of death by any means. agree completely, as a sorority member at a top 10 law school. As a professor who serves on research review College admissions committees for Masters and PhD programs, I can tell you that I don’t look at the “Greek” affiliations on a student’s application. Our committees look at GPA, previous degree and language of London institution, letters of review article reference, test scores, essay (motivation for study), and professional experience (when appropriate) (in a different order for PhD and masters applicants).

In my experience, listing Greek affiliations and other activities is often a way that candidates will signal race or gender, if they think that will help them acquire financial support… That strategy can turn some faculty off and work to couseworks Downside turn others on. For those posters that note that a fellow “sister” might preference your application, I would warn that the probability that a professor would vote to admit you because you are Delta Delta Delta seems low – and most likely equal to the probability that another professor would count Greek affiliation as a strike against you. My advice: if the leadership activities are important to research review article you list them. Independent School! If not, don’t list them. Review College! But it will not make or break your graduate school application.

I was active in my sorority during undergrad/held a leadership role in it/held a leadership role in the larger Greek community and that information is still on my resume under “community involvement.” I honestly believe that it has actually helped me in terms of getting into argumentative language of London Freemen's School grad school and then getting a job because it shows that I was able to review article Clifton balance an active social life with a full academic schedule. It may depend on your major, but I know that my business professors always told us to include this information on our resumes for the above reasonas and because you never know who may be a fellow sister, significant other of a sister, etc. How We An Essay Mill! I have actually found that it serves as a nice icebreaker during an interview. Also, somewhat unrelated but do check out article, your sorority’s alum group in whatever city you go to grad school – it is a great way to meet new people! Not to be rude, but as someone who interviews people, I would never think “oh wow, this person balanced an active social life with a full academic schedule.”

There is essay samples Istituto Marangoni zero excuse not to balance the two. College is not hard. Whether you mean for it to be or not, that is rude. Article College! There are better schools than others, and argumentative City of London Freemen's harder majors, as well. Your experience is not universal. College can be hard — it just depends on your choices.

Yep Anon that was rude. Also, untrue. I went to a school where MANY students were so immersed in their studies that they had very little going on otherwise. I agree and don’t think it’s rude. I couldn’t care less about an interviewee’s social life or how she “balanced” it. I do care about her grades and her leadership skills, which is research article Clifton where Greek life may be relevant. If college seems hard, then you should quit the social activities and focus on academics. As someone doing postgrad and working to put myself through school and also dealing with various other health related and family issues, I do at times struggle with college.

To assume that it’s my social activities that affect whether college is how to write for school Universiteit “easy” or not, is review Clifton naive and rude. When you live with a disabled parent or a volatile home environment, commute 2 hours a day to college, have various health issues, and have to work to pay the bills to put yourself through college, it’s at times an issue to get time to study, despite having the ability. Mill Hill International! If you have an intellectual disability, or mental illness, as one in four people will have in research College, their lifetime, it is made more difficult. Just because you had everything handed to you on a silver platter and didn’t have to worry about essay writing samples Marangoni Milano where you would sleep on research review Clifton College a given night because of School violence at home, or having to pay the bills while you were studying, doesn’t mean everyone has the same experiences. Yes, college is research article Clifton College easy. But life’s distractions are not always manageable or put down to “socialising.” Seriously, get a world view and some perspective outside of your own. To clarify – I meant that more in the grad school context, but it has a place in the work environment as well.

I know A LOT of people, esp. from law school who did nothing else in undergrad except study in couseworks Downside, order to get into law school x or med. school x. Demonstrating that you can maintain a high GPA and research review Clifton leadership roles in social organizations at the same time does show an ability to balance both aspects of a young person’s life. Also, your comment was rude whether or not you intended it to argumentative language City of London School be. I interview people. If you don’t like the research review Clifton College reality that I don’t really care if you managed to balance a social life with academics, get over it. The real world doesn’t care that you did. I went to a very very good college and how to a newspaper article for school a very very good law school (with most of research review College it paid for).

Neither college nor law school were particularly challenging now that I’ve been in the real world and know what challenging is. Employers really don’t care about coursework School what you think is important. They care about what they do. Research Review Clifton! Leadership, intelligence, competence, and samples personality are important. To the research article Clifton College extent your Greek affiliation demonstrates that you can do that, great. But for the importance essay writing College, your own good, do not say that you balanced college and a social life in research article College, an interview. I don’t know anyone who wouldn’t say that and have reasons to prove it up and, frankly, I don’t care what you did in couseworks Downside, college. Lots of research Clifton College people partied their way through college and write a newspaper Universiteit then got their act together in the work world…and other people burned out after grad school and cannot operate in the real world.

I’m glad you found undergrad and law school to be so easy and congratulations on apparently having a full resume to demonstrate your obvious abilities when applying for review article Clifton College, law school (likely at the age of 22 if you went straight through). A Newspaper Article Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam! However, I absolutely highlighted my sorority leadership experience when applying for law school because at research review Clifton College 22 it was the most relevant leadership experience that I had and I believe this is true for a lot of people. Essay Writing! While I did not use this example when interviewing for positions post law school, I do think it can be very useful experience to highlight in review article Clifton College, an interview for couseworks, your first job out of college. Puh-Leeze! Be careful b/c people are sensitive. Women who were sorority girls are especially sensitive b/c they are often looked down upon in review College, the business world, and not taken seriously. It is OK for a guy to be a frat boy, but women, well, we are judged by a different standard, and many men have leered at me once they found out I was the how we The Mount, Vice President in charge of Social Events at Delta Mu. Review Article! They ask me how to The Mount, Mill Hill International mix drinks as if they want to do shooters with me rather than hire me.

But, you are not the only person in the entire world that interviews people. SO, maybe *you* don’t care, but maybe other people do. I don’t have an opinion one way or another, but I’m sick of the way people state “facts” on here as if they are universal truths, when really, they are just personal opinions. Research Review College! If its a personal opinion, it should be stated as such. That was a reply to Anon, and not KM. I interview people as well, and I disagree rather strongly. “Social life” isn’t how I’d put it, but “did something other than spend four years in the library cramming” is independent coursework Grier School a plus for me. I want to have an article College idea of whether a candidate can manage multiple priorities at once, take charge of and School execute projects, and review Clifton College has a sense of the world outside of his or her transcript. College activities can make a difference in that case. @cbackson: I feel like I can get that from an in-person interview, though–the sense that this person was not a grind and will be personable and good to have around the can write The Mount, Hill office.

Hearing it touted as an research review article Clifton accomplishment, though…seems very unprofessional. Independent School! I don’t look as highly on people who highlight Greek experience on their resumes when I’m the one doing the research review Clifton interviewing. (A mention is how we can write an essay Hill International fine.) I don’t think it was rude either, and I agree with Ruby that if a person can’t balance college and social activities, the social activities should go. When I am reviewing someone’s resume, I don’t care about review article Clifton their social activities. What does interest me is actual community service/leadership/volunteer roles they took on. If someone actually held a real leadership role in their sorority, then for me it is relevant.

If they were just a member of a sorority and did not have any leadership role or responsibilities, I couldn’t care less. I think social activities are helpful, particularly in a profession where you will have to the importance of education essay writing St. Clair College work to get business. Research College! Being in a sorority is at coursework Grier School least somewhat indicative of your abilities to socialize with others, and it also will give you connections that can help in the long term. As an employer, I think it would be a plus. “Being in a sorority is at least somewhat indicative of your abilities to socialize with others” I don’t think that’s true. Review! Pledges are selected for lots of different reasons – depending on how we can write The Mount, the particular chapter, it could just be indicative that your mom was in the same sorority, or that your dad is rich, or that you are a stereotypical mean girl. Social skills are important, but they inevitably come out in the interview. Like I said below, I don’t think it hurts to put your sorority on your resume, but unless you did something special in research Clifton College, it (chapter president, charity work, etc) I don’t think it helps, either.

I don’t think you’re rude, merely inaccurate. Whether college is hard depends on where you went to school, what you majored in, how hard you worked, whether you had to work at a job outside of write a newspaper your studies, what else was going on review article Clifton College with you life. Also important is independent Grier whether the article Clifton graduate school or field you’re applying to cares whether you’re “well-rounded.” In some fields, they just want you to have a terrific academic record and to be a decent person, not the life of the party or president material. I confess to write a newspaper article Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam having a bias against people who flaunt their Greek connections. My Ivy League school didn’t have fraternities at the time (or they were very low-key). Instead, there were private clubs that were very snobby and which I couldn’t have afforded to review Clifton College join even had I been asked. The membership of those clubs were mainly rich preppies and other assorted jerks. At least they many of them were smart. They produced people like Winkelvoss twins. For me, and of London School I’m sure it is a stereotype, Greek organizations produce stupid, rowdy frat boys and review sorority sisters who are incredibly parochial, undistinguished, uninteresting, and they never outgrow it.

They’re low-rent snobs. If I have a choice, I take high-rent. I should note that most people at my college did not belong to essay Istituto Marangoni the private clubs. They were exclusive, small, and incredibly expensive. Undergraduate life was centered on the residential dorms, each of which had a unique identity and a separate academic head.

I think that it is Clifton fine to highlight a sorority on your resume, but just be sure to how to a newspaper article for school Universiteit Amsterdam talk about the relevant aspects such as volunteering and community involvement rather than mixers and rushing. Personally, I feel that everyone knows sororities/frats are all about research review article Clifton socializing/drinking/partying or at couseworks Downside least that is what they were at research review College my school. It also depends on how to Vrije Amsterdam the field/interviewer. My sister did get her foot in the door at her current position because she and review article Clifton College the interviewer were in the same sorority. I think this is the how to write a newspaper Amsterdam resume value – potential connections after law school. And, as a partial aside, I know that there are certain people in the Greek community who espouse the view that leadership–and particularly, Greek leadership–is a huge plus factor for research review article Clifton, law school admissions. I found this out when a friend’s mom expressed dismay that I got into a much better law school than her daughter, despite my lack of Greek connections. While snarky in tone, the point is still valid.

Everyone “balances” social life and work (be it college or otherwise) in whatever way it happens. Some do so with an “active social life” (i.e. time with friends and family), while others are much less social. I think Anon 3:32 pm might mean that we ALL have to make this balance in the way that works for us. Essay Writing St. Clair College! Over time, this balance can include aging parents, young children, spouse / SO’s career, and article Clifton so forth. Sometimes our inability to easy writing samples Marangoni Milano balance shows in work performance (lower grades, fewer billable hours, etc.). Regardless, grades (measure of work performance) and activites together can show time management and research article ability to the importance of education balance competing priorities. A student who took a leadership role, whether editing law review or serving as elected official in any student group or being a member of a sports team, can position that experience. Thus, I wouldn’t say “balance college and social life”. I would say “while maintaining X grades, I worked Y hours / spent Y hours in leadership role in organization Z”.

College is not hard? Try being Pre-Med. but isn’t it obvious that everyone’s comments are their personal opinions, whether they state them as such or not? does that have to explicitly stated? or is your issue more with the tone of research review some people’s comments in general? My issue is language City Freemen's School with the review article Clifton College tone. Write A Newspaper Article Universiteit Amsterdam! And its not all that obvious that people don’t believe that their own person opinion is fact.

For instance: “If you don’t like the reality that I don’t really care if you managed to balance a social life with academics, get over it. The real world doesn’t care that you did.” Sure, *you* don’t care that someone did, but someone may. To say, “the real world doesn’t care” implies that you speak for all of us living in research article Clifton College, the “real world.” In fact, lots of other hiring managers in this same thread said that they took those (or other) factors into account. I think a lot of this is geographical.

I live in couseworks School, the Northeast. Article College! I am in two scholastic honor societies that sound like sororities. My advisors always tell me to list them and then to put next to independent coursework School it (academic honor society.) I have a friend who was in an engineering fraternity. Review Clifton! He also spells his out argumentative language City of London, rather than just using the greek letters. I’m not sure if this means that there is research review article a bias against independent Grier the “greek system” up here or not. That said, I have family in review Clifton College, the South and in some parts you are seen as really odd if you were NOT in some kind of School greek life. I think there is review Clifton much less stigma around it there and it would be more useful for write a newspaper, networking. I find that at some colleges in the North, there were only a few greek societies so it was only the true “party guy or girl” that joined. I was going to research College post something similar regarding geographical differences. Language City Of London Freemen's School! I think I’d leave it off in the Northeast, but it might be perfectly acceptable in the South. Of course, I wasn’t in review article College, a sorority and less than 10% of my school belonged to them.

I would agree with the statement that these affiliations can evoke vastly different reactions depending on the geographic area (for example, physical proximity to the school where the writing samples Istituto Marangoni Milano interviewers might know of the specific chapter of the Greek organization), but I don’t think the reaction will be a blanketed “approval” or “disapproval” based on review article Clifton College the region of the country. The Importance Of Education Essay Writing College! To say that Greek organizations in the South (or any region, for that matter) have less of a stigma than others is, in research article Clifton College, my opinion, untrue. I think the reaction to Greek references on resumes varies tremendously depending solely on the interviewers and their previous interaction (or lack thereof) with Greek organizations. As unpredictable as that is, there’s simply no way to know how your interviewers will feel about of education College your sorority involvement. My personal opinion is Clifton College that the potential harm outweighs the how we an essay The Mount, Mill Hill International potential for it to help. This. Research Article Clifton College! Sure, there is a chance that your interviewer will be from easy essay samples Istituto your sorority. But there is an even bigger chance that your interviewer will harbor negative feelings or stereotypes against review Clifton sorority girls, either because of a bad experience or because that is a newspaper article for school how sororities are often portrayed in popular media. The chance of meeting a fellow sister who might help you out is pretty minimal compared to the chance of meeting someone who hates sorority girls or at the very least isn’t impressed by them. Too risky, in my opinion. I was about to say that I also associate Greek life with the South.

It’s not always a good thing to raise the possibility that one is a good old boy or girl. Fraternities and sororities have only themselves to blame for these negative associations. The hazings, the review Clifton College cruel humiliations, the petty tyrannies, the racism, I could go on how we can write Hill and on. My advice would be to leave it off, because I’m probably one of the people biased against fraternity and sorority members. I wouldn’t say that I’m biased against article Clifton the members, and I have and had plently of friends who were in them, but the couseworks School whole concept just makes me cringe and I’ve never understood why people join them. (I have a facebook friend, who was a close friend in college, who is constantly posting about her sisters and being involved in some sort of ongoing alumni greek stuff. Research Clifton! We graduated college almost 10 years ago, so it really leaves me scratching my head.) So I’m having a hard time separating out that bias from the question. Someone else said they listed it as community involvement, and writing samples Istituto Marangoni I think that that would be appropriate, but I’d make sure that I was clear what actual duties and review article Clifton College responsibilities it involved, not just the how to write article Amsterdam affiliation. I’ll admit to an eyeroll when I see sororities or fraternities on resumes. Research! But I went to school in the Northeast (and live there now) — though I am from VA and writing samples Marangoni base it on scenes I didn’t really appreciate. My gut reaction upon learning about someone’s Greek membership is that the person is a c0nformist. N.B., I’m talking about schools at review Clifton College which the regular undergrad residential options are attractive and a real alternative.

I think it’s fine to put it a leadership position in your sorority on your resume. Being in a sorority or fraternity is very common, and I don’t think it’s likely to how we can write The Mount, cause you to be discriminated against and it could even help if the person reading your resume was a member of the same sorority. I don’t think it matters whether or not you put the name of research review Clifton your sorority; it probably depends on how your resume is of education essay St. Clair College laid out. Review Clifton College! If you’re just putting bullet points under your college name, I’d probably put “Sorority chapter president”. If you do put the language City of London Freemen's School Greek name, you should add sorority afterwards (e.g. “Alpha Gamma Delta Sorority chapter president”) because there are other organizations that use Greek letters and it may not be obvious to someone reading your resume that you’re referring to a sorority. I don’t think it’s helpful to research review article include a sorority on your resume if you weren’t in a leadership position. At best, it’s just resume filler in the same way that “chess club” would be.

Full disclosure: I went to write a newspaper article for school Vrije Universiteit a very heavily Greek undergrad, so I may be unaware of biases that exist among graduates of Clifton College schools that are not so heavily Greek. I agree, Ruby. Putting the name doesn’t matter. Putting “Served as president of Alpha Gamma Delta sorority” under your university information may be all that’s required. Writing Milano! In Reader C’s case, she could put “led and organized ___ for ___ sorority and served as counselor to research article students going through rush process.” I would explain it as simply as possible and not assume people know the how we can write an essay Mill Hill letters of your sorority or what certain positions mean. Disclosure: I served as president of my sorority, and it has never gone on my resume. What Ruby said.

I was in a sorority in undergrad and was minimally involved. I later regretted not taking that opportunity to get some leadership experience, which I think would have been helpful on my resume. I would absolutely never give any hint of greek affiliation in any professional context, no matter how sparse your resume may otherwise appear. The bias against the stereotypical ditzy, Ugg-wearing sorority girl is so prevalent, and I know many people who proudly admit to using this excuse to research article College eliminate job candidates. On the other hand, I know talented, mature women for whom sorority days are a very fond memory.

But they don’t put it on their resumes because they know they’ll have to compensate for the prejudice it would inspire. The vehemence of this comment gives me pause. After having gone to undergrad, law school, and worked in the NE, I was surprised how genuinely accepting (i.e., not engaging in stereotyping) people are at how to write article Vrije all stages of sorority participation. Being from the research review article South, I assumed there would be a different attitude, but I haven’t encountered it. From a normative point of view, it is very sad to me that prospective employers would use membership in a women’s organization to weed out argumentative language of London School, job candidates. I wouldn’t expect someone to hire someone because they were in a sorority (grades, experience, accomplishments should matter), just as I wouldn’t expect someone NOT to review Clifton hire someone for the same reason (grades, experience, accomplishments should matter). I live in the Pacific Northwest, so perhaps the difference is geographical, as others have suggested. The problem, as I see it, is the stereotype – in couseworks Downside School, my community at research review article Clifton College least, that sororities are not really seen as supportive of women, but instead are thought of as anti-intellectual and cliquey, with a heavy emphasis on drinking. Argumentative School! It may not be true, but a lot of people around here have that association, and with it, your resume goes in the recycle bin. I’m in the Northeast and think this is a region where you definitely don’t want to have a greek affiliation on article Clifton College your resume.

I know very few people who were actually in (or admit to the importance writing St. Clair being in) a sorority or fraternity and I think it is generally not viewed positively here. I would say you could list it as a “women’s organization” on your resume, but I think the conversation would be very awkward if someone asked you about research College it and you had to fess up that it was a sorority; they are not seen as promoting women in my experience. Of Education Essay! My guess is that Emma has encountered the anti-greek org attitude, just in people who were decent enough not to be rude to her. *On the other hand, being in New England, if you belonged to a final club or eating club, I think those help rather than hurt. I’m sure it’s likely that I’ve encountered people who have this attitude towards sororities — I actually had no idea that it was this big an Clifton issue until this thread, and you’re probably right that people keep their real feelings mum. How To Write A Newspaper Universiteit Amsterdam! I should point out, though, that I don’t wear my sorority membership on my sleeve, never talk about review Clifton College it, and how we Mill 90% of research review article College acquaintances don’t know I was in the importance of education essay writing College, one.

So, it’s not like sorority-detractors are tiptoeing around me or anything. I actually didn’t really like being in a sorority — maybe because I never stepped up and got involved. My mind is just blown that people think it’s okay to research review article College stereotype job applicants on this basis — and I still resist that conclusion, to some extent. Of Education Writing St. Clair! Because the vast majority of women in my sorority were involved in a number of research article College laudable on-campus organizations, were serious students, and have met with extraordinary success post graduation, and it would be ridiculous for Grier School, employers to research Clifton College conclude these women weren’t qualified based on the affiliation. *sorry, I resist the conclusion that stereotyping is a common practice — missed some words there. I agree – it is as silly a basis as anything else on which to stereotype, but I think it does happen. The economy is terrible, jobs are scarce, HR offices are inundated with resumes, and language City of London School so I don’t think it is worth putting something on your resume that someone out there might have an attitude about.

I feel the research review article same way about independent Grier School any number of “know your audience” resume lines (religious activities, as discussed in research review Clifton, a thread a few weeks ago, certain political activities, etc.). Your experience, though, shows more of the picture, I think. While people may stereotype when they have little else to go on (i.e. at the resume stage), they often don’t lean on the stereotype when they actually know the person. So I would say once you are hired it’s fine to how to a newspaper for school Vrije mention a sorority affiliation in appropriate contexts. I grew up in NYC, went to research article Clifton College undergrad at Wellesley (in Massachusetts), then worked in banking in NYC, then law school in DC (which I suppose is borderline South … but not really … ) and I’m now at a big firm in NYC. I’ve interviewed lots of people and it’s never occurred to me to come to any conclusions about a candidate simply because he or she was in a fraternity or sorority. Independent Coursework! And I have a hard time believing that one thing alone really could be so determinative. Maybe all these haters are just jealous because they didn’t get into review article Clifton the club/sorority/whatever they desired, or the sorority girls at their schools got all the essay samples Istituto Marangoni attention or something. For the record, there were no sororities at review my undergrad. As someone who grew up went to college in argumentative of London School, New England, I don’t even know what a final club or eating club is.!

@AOM, don’t you think that’s as much of generalization as anyone else is making? Just people don’t like sororities or don’t think you should put it on your resume doesn’t mean they were outcasts or snubbed. When I have a bias, I usually go out of my way to be fair. But as the writer SPECIFICALLY ASKED whether listing a Greek affiliation would be a problem it’s appropriate that she gets our unvarnished opinions. Article College! Actually, I didn’t think there would be such a negative reaction. Good to know. Harvard has Final clubs, Princeton Eating clubs, and I suppose the Yale equivalent are the Secret Societies.

For whatever it’s worth, in “The Social Network,” the how to write a newspaper for school Vrije character of Mark Zuckerberg is motivated in large part by revenge at being turned down by research review article, the Final Clubs at Harvard. He has to make due with the “Jewish fraternity,” which he thinks is a social come-down. Membership in these clubs has been a big deal socially for argumentative City Freemen's, a very long time. Joseph P. Research Article College! Kennedy, JFK’s father, was bitterly disappointed by Freemen's, being turned down by Porcellian, as was FDR. I agree with the commenter who said that in the NE membership in one of article College those clubs is the importance essay writing St. Clair probably a plus. The fact that I know this crap doesn’t mean I approve. But we’re not 10 year olds and these things do matter to some people quite a bit.

Harvard grad here, originally from the research review article NYC area and still in the northeast. I think final club guys are THE WORST and would have a huge bias if one’s resume crossed my desk. Is every last person from one a pretentious sleaze ball? No. Are many of how to for school Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam them successful professionally? Yes, of research review article Clifton course. But ick!! If someone were asking my advice as to whether he should list that he was in the Owl, my answer would be a resounding no. i can state without any hesitation that my involvement in greek life has helped my chances with many job opportunities. if someone was involved in the importance writing College, greek life, my affiliation and leadership positions come up almost every time i interviewed. if not, i’m sure someone interviewing me saw it on my resume, but they chose not to Clifton bring it up, and no harm no foul.

while i’m sure some professors love to hold on coursework Grier to antiquated view of the greek system that comes from review article College watching animal house too many times, i would be shocked if “all” feel that way – as any professor i counseled about my resume in college felt that including greek life involvement was an added bonus. it all goes back to this – one of the reasons i joined a sorority was because it made it easier to make friends and find mentors through college. in my post-grad life, it still makes it easier to how we can write The Mount, Mill have a commonality, but not all of my friends are greek. those that judge my involvement either don’t know/understand greek life, or are too close-minded to care. do you want a boss who is too close-minded to recognize your leadership role in College, an organization of. 300 women (such were numbers at my school)? I went to Northwestern (Kat’s alma mater). I held leadership positions in my sorority and put them on my resume when applying for jobs. I networked heavily and went to bat for younger sorority sisters of mine to be hired by writing Marangoni Milano, the company I worked for.

Look, employers can tell by your personal presentation whether you are a serious young woman or not. They can tell by your school what kinds of academic chops you have. If it’s a leadership position, put it. My sorority sisters were highly accomplished — top medical schools, law schools, business schools, and graduate programs. Clifton! Yes, there are ditzy sorority girls at other schools, but that’s irrelevant to smart girls going to good schools. Personally, my law school is big on coursework Grier “soft factors” when evaluating people for article College, admissions. Of Education Essay St. Clair College! They would be impressed by any substantial leadership position and likely wouldn’t have much against Greek affiliations if sold in research, that fashion. Independent Coursework Grier School! A more pretentious or strictly “by the numbers” admissions committee may feel differently. I really feel like it all comes down to how you sell it. I had a leadership position in research review College, my (very large, national) sorority that was relevant to the positions I was looking at for school Amsterdam (it involved substantial leadership and research review article Clifton College PR experience).

Several times in interviews I had interviewers react positively to my Greek affiliation, and I know for a fact that it helped me get my first post-grad job. So I would absolutely include it on the resume, with the Greek letters. Writing “sorority president” just seems silly to me, and not as legitimate as “Alpha Beta Delta International Sorority – President of Alpha Chapter” (don’t know if that’s a real organization, just chose them randomly). If the interviewer brings it up, don’t say you “led a group of girls” say you were the “vice president of Downside a committee of 20 women.” Say “recuitment” not “rush,” “women” not “girls” or “sisters,” “organization” not “chapter.” Talk about philanthropy events, not mixers, and if you did plan mixers, call them “events.” Act proud of your position and of your time spent with the organization. Most people understand that there some sororities are very serious and professional and article some are all about partying, just make it clear that yours was the former. Be proud of your experience, you worked hard for it! This.

Tweak that resume until it twists right into place! It’s all in the framing. Agreed! Don’t let the people interviewing you insert their own stereotypes about greek life. Explain why the position was meaningful in professional, concrete terms. Agreed. And I’m pretty much anti-sorority (because my experience of sororities at easy writing samples Marangoni Milano my university was that their dual goals was to make fun of women who were not in article Clifton, the sorority, and party). But if you discuss it in the context of organizing, leading, setting up things, etc., I can see it as a positive. I agree. Essay Samples Milano! I would focus on the functions one performed. Agreed.

I’ll add that, although I was in a sorority myself, I wouldn’t list it on my resume if I hadn’t held a leadership position that I was prepared to speak about in interviews and review article College connect to couseworks School my career. Now that I posted my substantive comment, forgive me for two threadjacks. 1.) I have a blue leather Brooks Brother’s bag. Research College! It has suede lining inside. Little particles are coming off the lining that look like the junk leftover after using an eraser. It is getting all over my stuff. I think I am going to try vacuuming it out. Other ideas? 2.) I was recently asked ot join a very prestigous board in my community. I just went to the first meeting.

Since it was all new to me, I took a lot of personal notes, in nice handwriting, etc. The head of the board, a nice older gentleman commented after “I think we know who our next secretary should be!” (Meaning Secretary of the Board, minute taker, etc.) I am a big fan of NGDGTCO. It stresses that women should avoid note taking roles. The Importance Essay Writing College! Is this one of those situations or would it be an honor to have an research review article College executive position on this super prestigous board? 1) No idea I’m afraid.

Double sided tape maybe? 2) How are the psitions decided? I.e. will there be an opportunity for you to put yourself forward to language of London Freemen's School be e.g. Review! treasurer, or ask someone to propose you for a role? If that is an option then you may be able to avoid the secretary position that way. The other question is, would the secretary have (1) a vote and/or (2) any other duties? Will a ‘no’ to of education writing both make you not want to research article College do it? Will there be an opportunity to be elected to a different position later on? The trouble is, people end up get self-selected when they are good at something, even if that isn’t something they enjoy/want to be perceived as doing. If it is a choice of not being on the board at all or being secretary, I would pick being secretary, but if you have an option, then it’s a different ball game. I don’t know what the answer is, but just some food for thought… If your board has a clear ladder to becoming Chair (Secretary, then Treasurer, then Vice Chair, then Chair), I’d do it.

Otherwise, I’d say don’t become the next little girl he gets to take advantage of. Essay Samples Istituto Marangoni Milano! He can take his own *#)*!# notes. Normally I would totally agree about research article Clifton College note-taking and Grier School the potential pitfalls/pigeonholes/etc. Research Review Clifton College! However, I agree with this comment about potentially climbing the board’s leadership ladder. I am President/Chair (different boards call it different things) of a board that oversees a large non-profit organization. The Executive Committee is the importance of education essay St. Clair College comprised of the officers of the research review board (Pres, VP, Secretary and Treasurer) and that’s the Downside School group that handles all personnel issues and other “sensitive” issues that do not fall to the entire board.

It’s very valuable experience and leadership development. If you’d get a seat on research article the Executive Committee (or something similar), I’d take it! It seems that the gentleman suggested you for the position because you have demonstrated the necessary skills, and not because he’s pigeonholing you based on gender. The reason NGDGTCO says to avoid notetaking roles is because you don’t want to be pigeonholed based on independent gender. In this case, and research review especially since it’s an executive, leadership position, I think even Lois Frankel herself would tell you to take it. The only caveat I’d add is to make sure you know what the job entails. Language City Of London School! Since you’re new to the board, you may not want to get hit with a lot of responsibilities while you’re still getting used to just being a member of the board. I think Lois Frankel would say to suggest a rotation.

It’s not life-and-death how accurate the research review article Clifton notes are, so it would not be a huge problem if Charlie takes notes next week and City of London they aren’t as nice as yours. College! So, fairness would say that you take turns as notetaker, either on School a meeting rotation, or a month rotation, or whatever. Just so it’s clear from the outset that you are not the Permanent Secretary. College! And be sure to avoid other “secretarial” responsibilities. Independent School! You are not ordering the food, you are not booking the review article conference rooms. Just like notetaking, it should all rotate. I’d also suggest that the argumentative City of London notetaker not be the food-orderer, just to research review Clifton keep the samples admin responsibilities distributed.

Are there any senior women on this board? Have there ever been any? I would try to research College get in touch with them for a cup of City of London coffee to see how this board works. I assume (based on membership on a board myself) that being secretary involves a lot more than just taking notes. College! It’s an executive board position! Taking minutes is just the most visible duty, and if it’s a board that has reporting requirements, it may be an incredibly important duty as well. I’m surprised to see a lawyer state that meeting notes aren’t extremely important. (I assume that this is an organization of some importance.) But yes, if it’s a dog job, the OP should try to rotate the task. Regarding the BB bag, I don’t have solutions but I think if you were dissatisfied and wanted to return it that BB has a generous guarantee policy. On the BOD question, a board Secretary is different from someone taking notes at how to Universiteit a firm’s meeting or event. Being made to take notes at a company meeting can be (but is research article not always) demeaning.

If being a BOD Secretary on the Executive Committee would get you more visibility with members, personal access to Board Members and how to a newspaper for school Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam publicity/kudos with your employer, then that is a great benefit and I would say to research review article College go for it. Some BODs pay for secretarial services such as newsletters, filing of board meeting minutes etc., and the importance essay writing St. Clair those would be tasks that would be more drudge work. 1) Try emptying the bag, flipping it inside out, and review College lightly brushing the suede lining with a soft brush. You can find brushes made specially for cleaning suede, but a softer scrubbing brush (like a mushroom brush) should work just as well. Congratulations on Marangoni Milano being selected to the board! And as someone in review, the nonprofit world, thank you for taking your job seriously — too many people do not. Find out what exactly the roles of secretary are. Of Education Essay St. Clair! On our board, the research article Clifton College secretary is part of the executive committee and is therefore more involved with decisions about the organization. I would think that is only a good thing for you.

My sense has always been that law school admissions offices are impressed by leadership, so it could be worth keeping your Greek activities on your resume. How To For School Vrije! Even if professors or students are biased against sororities, admissions offices work with a broad range of students and might be more open to your experiences. (You have to figure that they’ve met smart sorority girls before.) Different but related: if you apply to Teach for America, definitely put all of your Greek activities on your resume! TFA loves leadership experience in research article, any context, and independent coursework Grier a lot of review Clifton TFA corps members were in Greek organizations as undergrads. I included my sorority affiliation and offices on my resume when applying to law school and coursework Grier School summer internships. I listed it with other information under my undergraduate institution entry – scholarships, awards, community service groups and research review article Clifton College the like. And 12 years later, I still have it on how we The Mount, International my resume under the Interests section – no offices anymore, just the name of the sorority. I have reviewed dozens of resumes for summer associate candidates and nearly all of research Clifton them list their Greek affiliations and any offices they held. This is how to write article for school Amsterdam one time when I really disagree with Kat–I interview candidates for/sit on the admissions board of research review article College a “top 10” master’s program (not bragging, just stating) and coursework Grier School leadership is an research review article Clifton EXTREMELY important part of the of education writing St. Clair admissions process and is quantitatively factored into the candidate’s score. Perhaps this is different for law school admissions?

From my experience, I would highly encourage candidates to put all leadership positions and review College meaningful activities on argumentative language City a graduate school resume (i.e. volunteer work, Greek life activities) I live in the south and was a member of the Greek system in research review article Clifton College, college so take this for what it’s worth, but I am not offended or put off in the least by seeing Greek life activities on School a student’s resume. It has actually HELPED candidates because there were often very concrete examples of article Clifton College leadership and ethics that were demonstrated and have given prompts of the importance of education writing St. Clair things for Clifton, me to talk about. I’ve noticed a trend in the past year or so for easy essay writing samples Milano, students to just list “Social Sorority” instead of the actual affiliation and I don’t like that as much because knowing the actual affiliation can help with connections and ice-breaking…”Oh I know such and such advisor” or “My sister in research article Clifton, law was an XYZ at your school as well”. Absolutely put your Greek affiliation on your resume, especially if you held a leadership position. As a member of a Greek organization who is independent coursework Grier School also currently an alumna volunteer, I can say 100% that my affiliation with my Greek organization has helped me in article Clifton, my career.

The abilities that you get from being a member of an organization – leadership, philanthropy, working in teams – are highly useful in the outside world. I have had friends who put their affiliation on their resume and their interviewer was either a member of a Greek organization (so it gives you some common ground) or even a member of the same organization. Writing St. Clair College! Be proud of the organization that you voluntarily chose to be a part of. I absolutely wouldn’t list it, but I bet that this is research regional. I am in the northeast and many people here would look on how we can write an essay The Mount, Hill International a sorority girl as fluffy, and a greek guy as a tool.

Completely, completely, 100% agree. I would never put a Greek affiliation on a resume and if I saw one, I would think that the individual was just scraping to find things to put on a resume. (And this is coming from a former sorority girl who held numerous chapter and Greek-system wide “leadership” positions.) If you’re in the Greek system and are truly interested in leadership, you’re going to be doing things that are far more impressive (like honor societies, elected student government offices, etc.) that would be worthwhile to research Clifton put on a resume. If you have to list Greek activities, my guess would be that you aren’t doing much else. At my school, student government and honor societies were WAY less impressive accomplishments, and much easier leadership opportunities, than Green organizations. Huh, that’s interesting. Where I went to essay samples Marangoni school, things like Phi Beta Kappa and Mortar Board actually meant something and being involved in student government was a lot of research review Clifton work. Greek leadership, even if you were a VP/President, was not all that impressive.

PBK was more prestigious at my college (and it’s still on my resume 8 years later, while my sorority is not), but it didn’t offer any leadership opportunities at all. Language City Of London! It didn’t *do* anything, it just existed as an indicator of academic success. I can echo c’s situation – basically anyone at my undergrad school who wanted a student government position could find one, and the student government had very little sway or power over anything that mattered at the university level. Honor societies (besides Phi Beta Kappa) were open to anyone with a certain GPA in their major, so while still impressive, it didn’t demonstrate anything not already covered on the resume. The Panhellenic Society, which was the umbrella organization for Greek groups, had a lot of funding from alumni and research article Clifton College voice in the administration because of their abilities to School generate alumni support. So they tended to have more competitive elections, executive boards, and more impressive tasks as far as budgeting, marketing, and planning events.

And I say all this as an review article Clifton College impartial observer who spent 90% of my time outside of class with the equestrian team. I completely agree, mainly because my good friend was in charge of screening resumes for a well regarded consulting firm, and she definitely screened out of London Freemen's, everyone who put a “leadership” position from review article Clifton a Greek organization (although particularly frats, rather than sororities) because she knew the how to write article Universiteit Amsterdam schools, and article College knew that most of the leadership positions meant “pledge-master” etc. Also, I think that social activities and the importance of education essay leadership roles are extremely important, but something like a Greek organization is something you do for yourself. You go to college to excel at school, and if you happen to be amazing enough to be able to excel socially as well, this will come across in many more flattering ways than Greek membership. Review! I would never put my eating club on my resume, for example. This – I think it’s pretty clear at this point that this is a regional issue. I think part of the problem is that in the NE, schools that actually have sororities/fraternities are not as common, and the ones that do have them have sometimes had very difficult relationships with them (see the Grier School recent lawsuit at Yale www(dot)theblaze(dot)com/stories/yale-students-file-sexual-harassment-suit-against-the-university/ ). I went to research review article Clifton College school in the importance College, the south, but work in the NE, and whereas I would have definitely put an affiliation (I’m not, but speaking hypothetically) down if I was interviewing in the south, I would not nowadays. Well, MIT is in research College, the northeast, and they have a Greek life. So does Dartmouth. I’m going to disagree – slightly.

I was in a sorority as an undergrad in the South, went to law school in NYC, and later worked at independent coursework Grier a big NY firm. I think it’s fine to review article College list a leadership sorority position on a law school application to a school in article Vrije Amsterdam, the Northeast, unless it was social chair (or the equivalent). I don’t think law schools will discount participation in research Clifton, a sorority, unless it looks like that’s all you did. As for including a sorority leadership position on a resume for interviews, I think it depends. I wouldn’t absolutely rule it out in the importance of education essay St. Clair College, the Northeast, particularly for on-campus interviews where you have assigned interviews by lottery. Research Review College! If you know you can come across as flighty, young, or bubbly, I would leave it off because interviewers may be more apt to stereotype you. Can Write An Essay Hill! In my case, I did not fit the stereotypical “sorority girl” so I wasn’t worried about making that impression. I also think it matters what kind of leadership position you had. I was responsible for research review article, enforcing the standards and rules of School my sorority, and article College I thought this was actually slightly relevant to a legal career. At the very least, it showed that I was perceived as a “rule follower.” That doesn’t hurt.

I don’t remember very many people asking me about it during on-campus and how to write a newspaper article subsequent interviews. If they did, I emphasized what I did (enforced standards and rules), downplayed the social aspects, and moved on to another topic. Research Review Article Clifton College! However, I definitely took this off my resume once I got my first job at couseworks Downside School a firm and had professional experience to research review describe (I now work in house). Finally, I’d like to point out one unanticipated benefit of being in write for school Vrije, a sorority. Nothing prepared me more for the on-campus interview experience than sorority rush. At my undergrad school, rush was very organized and programmed. At a particular time, you would show up at a sorority, and review article Clifton meet with a certain number of sorority members for a set amount of couseworks Downside time.

It was like speed dating. Or on-campus interviews. As a participant on both sides of the rush process, I graduated from article school able to make small talk with anyone about anything in how to write Vrije Amsterdam, a short period of review article time. And I was also prepared for the process of being “on” and speaking about the same topics with different people – consecutively – for couseworks, hours. It also helped keep the on-campus interview process in perspective. It’s just like rush – slightly ridiculous and Clifton random. Your last paragraph — spot on. How To A Newspaper Article For School Vrije Universiteit! Rush and OCI are similarly exhausting.

I made the connection too when I was doing OCI my 1L year. You also talk about similar things believe it or not — or at least, I found that to be true. Quite interesting and my ?0.02 is perhaps not as useful since we don’t have the Greek system in the UK, but I can’t help but recall the research review article Clifton College part in Legally Blonde 2 where Elle meets the Congresswoman who was in easy writing Istituto, her sorority. I expect there are too many different sororities to count, but I expect at research review article least some will provide you a great network and if, for example, you knew that a hiring partner had been a member of the The Mount, International same sorority as you, why not put it down on your CV? Leadership roles and grad school applications? I would definitely leave it on. There’s so much more that’s more important — grades, LSAT, letters of rec — that I can’t imagine this mattering much and you definitely don’t want to Clifton eliminate leadership. Now for law school internships, where your resume is front and center, I’d probably take it off or make it a one-liner at most.

To echo those who were involved in Greek life, I absolutely think you should include it. If you were just a member without any job, it’s debatable, but it’s something you devoted time to and held leadership. The Mount, Hill! I am matriculating this year to research article College law school and I absolutely think every aspect of essay Istituto my resume scored me my spot in the class, including my Vice President position in research review article Clifton, my sorority. I have also had multiple instances where you instantly connect with someone because they were either involved in Greek life or were in your same sorority. The networking potential is great – so wear your Greek affiliation loud and proud (though don’t go overboard, as we all know there is more to life…) Good Luck, as someone who just went through the admissions process, it’s tenuous but it all pays off. Do you know what tenuous means? I think not.

Yeah. Not sure how you’d confirm that being VP of your sorority sealed the deal for your admission to law school. Hey, Judgy McJudgerson! Let’s just assume it was a typo. An Essay The Mount, Hill International! Strenuous?

I was thinking arduous, actually… And I was thinking torturous or tortuous! I give the benefit of the doubt and assume “brain fart,” since I have them so frequently. Regardless of her mistake, blatantly pointing it out research review article Clifton College, like that was very rude. It’s Midol time!

Meow! Eew, effing hate that, sorry. How To A Newspaper For School Amsterdam! Rudeness isn’t “catty” just because it’s from research a woman. Just curious – what makes you think the VP spot was so helpful? (Comment from an admissions counselor?) And what type of Milano school are you going to – national, regional, rough rankings range? As a partner in a law firm, I would recommend listing your affiliation if you had a leadership role. I have always been proud of my affiliation and leadership roles in my sorority, and I consider the leadership of over review College, 100 other people – women! – to be a sign of the respect of your peers, the acceptance of responsibility at a young age, and the willingness to rise to writing Marangoni Milano a challenge you did not have to take on. My involvement in my sorority actually led me to research Clifton College be hired for my first summer internship. Independent Coursework Grier! I held the position of Public Relations officer and, as someone going into advertising, many of my potential employers were impressed that I already had experience with advertising, media management, and other skills. In my opinion, if it shows your experience or qualifications for research Clifton, the position for easy samples Istituto Marangoni, which you are applying, it doesn’t make you look like a vapid sorority girl.

I’d say, don’t just put it on your resume to have it there, but if it helps your case, it could be an interesting piece to add. I live in the South and my Sorority affiliation and leadership roles have been tremendously helpful in networking and review article Clifton College job transition. Through my alum club, I was a board member for a holiday marketplace that generates close to $1M each year for Mill Hill International, charity. My budget was over research article College, $40K and my position involved a lot of contract negotiation. That experience helped me to show a broader skills set and range of experience beyond my law practice in a recent job transition. You can join a Sorority to socialize and be a ditz or you can take it as an opportunity to lead. Write A Newspaper Article Universiteit! I have met many admirable, high-achieving women through my Sorority affiliation.

I ignore the article Clifton College others. I would include it but focus on what you achieved in your leadership role. For example, I was social chair of my sorority in college. When applying to graduate school, my resume indicated that I solely managed a budget of essay writing samples $X and planned X number of events per year and helped coordinate fundraisers for X charity. If you can make it look more like a job than a social club, then it will help. Now, 4 years out of school, there is article Clifton College no mention of my greek affiliation on couseworks School my resume because my actual job experience is review article Clifton more impressive and applicable. I live in the northeast where Greek life is not as popular as it is in other parts of the country. Though I have been asked some interesting questions in the importance of education, interviews, those questions are another opportunity to sell yourself. Research Review! Definitely list your affiliation and leadership positions, and explain why they are relevant.

Focus on coursework Grier School what you did in those roles, i.e.: managed other officers who reported to you, chaired committee (especially the research review article judicial board, risk management and can write an essay International educational roles), planned philanthropic events attended by review Clifton, X number of people that raised Y dollars, and so on. Also focus on skills that you developed in easy writing samples Istituto, those roles – problem solving, fiscal responsibility, public speaking, making presentations, etc. Consider talking to your chapter adviser, regional adviser or another local alumna who is research College also a professional – she can definitely help you express your experience in a positive, business-friendly way. Writing Marangoni Milano! Your campus Greek adviser or career center are great resources also. Good luck!! Honestly, I don’t think the resume is research review article Clifton College going to matter much for law school admissions. It’s going to couseworks Downside School be about GPA and her LSAT (though I suppose it might be more of an College issue if you’re applying to an essay International the kind of school where all applicants have 4.0s and 180s!).

It will probably be more of an issue for job/internship applications, where they may actually look at the resume seriously. This is a little Pollyanna-ish, but I guess I would say, if it’s important to you – if feel proud of what you did and that you accomplished stuff in those positions – I would put it on the resume. Sure, some people are biased against College sororities (I used to how we can write Mill be), but the networking opportunities can also be amazing. You’re not going to be able to review Clifton College predict which kind of write for school Vrije reader you’re going to get. And do you want to article College have to independent coursework Grier School hide a part of your life if it’s something that’s meaningful to you? (I know – naive – but I thought I’d throw it out there.) I disagree.

Most schools will aim for some diversity, and if you’re just going for people with the College 4.0/180 (or highest scores possible) you may be weeding out a lot of good applicants. I know in language City, my school it was much easier to research review article come in couseworks School, with a lower GPA as an older applicant (e.g. 5+ years out of undergrad) because they had more to offer in terms of real life skills, often had graduate degree, and finished undergrad at a time when GPAs tended to be lower. Research Review Clifton! I know from the time I graduated to how we can write Mill the time I applied to law school, the median GPA at College my undergrad went up by .3. My school also was eager to recruit applicants with certain academic backgrounds as well. To MelD and R – I do think schools look for diversity. I just also don’t think those factors outweigh GPA/LSAT. Maybe to distinguish between students who have the independent Grier School same scores, sure – but if your scores aren’t competitive for a given school, a great resume won’t make up for that, and if your scores are great for a given school, they won’t care if you’re an axe murderer. I totally disagree. I’m helping a friend with his/her resume and this just came up. The extra twist is that the greek org s/he was in is religiously affiliated.

Does this mean s/he should leave it off? I’m kinda torn, but since s/he’s been out of school for research College, a while now, I’m suggesting to leave it off based on the too-old-to-matter rule. I’ve seen this come up a bit in the Silicon Valley. Independent Coursework Grier! I’d only article Clifton College, put it on if she (assuming female but I see it more often on resumes from coursework Grier School males) had a leadership role and she has little relevant experience except for research review article Clifton College, that leadership role. I’d be extra careful to exclude wording that might be read as sexist, racist, or just plain I-don’t think-she’ll-fit-in-our-office-culture (e.g., anything to do with evangelizing). And yes, I’ve actually seen it on resumes for people (usually men) affiliated with certain religions. They didn’t get interviews. If it’s on the resume, I’d be prepared for some detailed questions about what she did, her role in the organization, how she handled a situation in the course of her leadership role, etc. But then, I do know someone who scored a job because she and the interviewer have the same favorite Pope. Go figure.

I’m slightly biased against Greek affiliations, but wouldn’t hold it against easy essay writing Istituto Milano someone. If you do list it, I think you need to research article Clifton College consciously think about not appearing ditzy when interviewing. I absolutely say leave it on your resume. I was an active member of Greek life as an undergraduate and actually recently became active with a graduate chapter of my organization. My sorority membership has not only proved invaluable for networking purposes, it’s provided many mentorship opportunities as well as provided opportunities to participate in article for school, service projects and events that indicate that I have interests and a “life” outside of research article College work that doesn’t just involve happy hour or my significant other.

Having attended a small college where only about 10% of argumentative of London School students participated in Greek life and being from the North, I am fully aware of and have dealt with the bias against sororities and dismissive attitudes towards “sorority girls”, but not for nothing **this is where the chapter president in me comes raging out** stay true to your letters! Clearly, YOU believed there was some benefit to sorority membership and given the fact that you stepped up and took leadership roles, you clearly weren’t just using it as a social opportunity. Why hide that part of review Clifton College your development as a student and couseworks as a leader from research Clifton potential employers? Acting ashamed of having Greek affiliation only makes it seem as though there is independent School something to be ashamed of, when the research review Clifton College truth of the matter is that student leaders within the Greek system were often among the samples Istituto Marangoni hardest working students on campus- we had academic requirements to research review meet, mandatory events to attend, service projects as well as our own separate meetings, conferences, etc. to how to write article for school Vrije plan and research review College attend, and YES, like any other college students, we also made time to St. Clair party. Sitting on research article College the interviewer’s side of the desk now, I actually appreciate seeing Greek life on a resume because it indicates to me that the person I’m speaking to wasn’t afraid to take the initiative and commit their time and money to membership in a lifetime organization (most Greek orgs are supported SOLELY by membership dues so it’s a real commitment, especially for a student) and easy essay writing Milano it also tells me that they probably have some experience balancing their obligations to an organization with internal conflicts (a houseful of fighting sorority sisters will STILL pull it together to spend all night assembling a winning homecoming float- can we say TEAMWORK?). If somebody’s not willing to hire you because you were in a sorority or the “wrong” sorority, then they’re not somebody you want to work for review, anyway (what, you’re gonna hide your “past” forever?). We don’t tell athletes to leave their sports off the resume lest the interviewer perceive them as a “jock”. And I doubt guys in Fraternities (even the ones who did nothing but haul kegs) think twice about listing it on their resumes! Womens’ social and service organizations are rarely respected and I’m calling BS on essay writing it!

My attitude: “Yes I’m a “sorority girl” but dammit, I’m a sorority girl with the qualifications and experience to make a dayum good addition to your institution so if you sleep on me- trust and review Clifton believe it will be YOUR loss.” **steps off sorority colored soap box, picks up her sorority tote, and stalks off to have dinner with her Fortune 500, BigLaw, changing the world one-letter-at-a-time sorority sisters** I agree with all of this. I just can’t get over the feeling that there’s something distasteful about the underlying premise here. It is certainly wrong that all sorority girls are homogenous. There are all types of sororities, all types of undergraduate institutions, all types of women who go into sororities for all types of reasons. Why would we ever want to perpetuate stereotyping of women as “ditzy” simply because they were involved in a sorority? Maybe I’m being too preachy, but if anyone encountered this attitude — I’d think you’d want to argumentative language City School combat it, not feed into it. I couldn’t agree more. Do people really think that Greek life is article Clifton College still all about how to for school “pledgemasters,” keggers, and hazing? I went to school in the south, am now in the midwest, and have always had my sorority affiliation on research my resume.

I think it’s opened lots of doors for me, and how to write article Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam shows that I am a social person who will be more likely to talk to people and develop business. I also think it’s impressive to “oversee $100,000 budget” and “manage executive board” at 21 years old. Research Article College! So, my advice is to include the coursework School affiliation, especially if you were in a leadership role. If you were an officer, then list specifically what your roles were. Research Clifton! There are a lot of essay writing St. Clair deadlines and paperwork for research review article Clifton, any national organization, and you can describe these things as though it was work experience that many recent grads may be lacking.

“Do people really think that Greek life is still all about “pledgemasters,” keggers, and couseworks Downside School hazing?” Yep. Many of us do. Then open your ears to what intelligent and serious women are saying on research review article Clifton this thread — that that’s not the case. I went to a college that tends to be very polarizing when people hear the can write an essay The Mount, Hill International name and I do not fit the stereotype of the Clifton College traditional alum of that school at all. I am conscious that many people will think I’m like X when I’m really anti-X. Sometimes my school opens doors, other times I have to find ways to samples Istituto Milano not have them slammed in my face. In many ways, Greek life is like that. Research Review Clifton College! If you know what people might be thinking about you, you can manage that.

If you don’t know, you can’t. Exactly. Freemen's School! I might give you a stereotype of ditzy, liking to article College go to costume parties, and being overly into clothes and independent coursework Grier School makeup — and I will acknowledge it if needed, and continue to work to change the stereotype. But pledgemasters and keggers — really? Welcome to the 21st century were “pledge” and “rush” are dirty words, and every social event is approved by at least 5 professional women who volunteer their time as advisors, and then attend the events.

As an research review Clifton intelligent and serious woman, I have personally observed an entire dorm floor of samples Milano girls endlessly discuss their efforts to dress like clones for rush, and was personally involved in disciplining an review article Clifton College entire sorority for sexist hazing that occurred at a “kegger.” This was at a very highly regarded university in the south, not just some party school, and argumentative language of London School less than ten years ago. Review Article College! Your experience might have been very different, I know greek life is very varied. It also annoys me that a “connection” as minor as a sorority would open professional doors for someone, though I know it’s true. I can’t imagine being more likely to writing St. Clair College hire someone because they also horseback rode, or any other affiliation I might have. It seems so superficial and Good Ol Boy, as if having the same (very expensive) hobby means you must be “our kind”. That said, if someone presented their sorority experience in a relevant way, I’d look at it positively. Research Review Article! While the stereotype has real origins for me, I also knew plenty of very smart and capable girls in sororities and can see how it could provide excellent experience. Anon 10:53, I think that you summarized why I don’t care for the idea of couseworks School sororities and wouldn’t be impressed with the role. The whole idea that you have some sort of connection (not even a connection, but a “sister”-ship) to research article someone just because you were involved in the same organization (which, by can write Hill, the way, you paid a hefty sum of research money to join) bugs me. I’m not saying that it’s not the case or not going to help you, but, to my mind, it *shouldn’t* be that way. I’m typically one of couseworks School those people that rolls her eyes when she sees sorority membership on research Clifton College a resume, but I have to say, you make a very convincing argument!

Well put. “If somebody’s not willing to essay writing samples Istituto Marangoni Milano hire you because you were in review Clifton, a sorority or the Marangoni “wrong” sorority, then they’re not somebody you want to review article Clifton work for anyway (what, you’re gonna hide your “past” forever?).” This is the second time I have seen this in this thread and it really bothers me. The last thing new grads need to School believe is that they have the ability to research review article Clifton pick and choose, in easy writing samples Istituto Marangoni Milano, this economy, who they will or won’t work for research review, based on who does and does not appreciate their Greek affiliation. If you ever read this thing called “the news,” you might have seen something about the massively terrible job market that young people are facing right now. In fact, I have seen figures indicating unemployment is hitting 18-24 year-olds the hardest, with something like 25% of that age group out of work. Easy Writing Samples Istituto Marangoni! New-grad Corporetters, if someone offers you a job while mentioning they hate your sorority membership, for research Clifton College, the love of God, TAKE THE JOB!! You have no idea how few and far between job offers are for very smart, motivated, talented grads are, especially in essay writing Istituto Marangoni Milano, big markets. Research Review Article Clifton College! It’s not about “hiding your past,” it’s about Milano understanding how to be judicious about talking about research review Clifton College it (and despite what some ex-sorority girls on the thread want to believe, sorority membership is Mill International not really either that stupendous or salacious – it’s just another thing people do in college, for the most part). The days when a 22-year-old could be really selective and review article Clifton say “well, I wouldn’t want to work for those people anyway” are WAAAAAYYYY over. Writing College! You don’t want to work for “those people,” huh?

Well, do you want to work at Denny’s? For, like, the research review article College next five years? Then suck it up, cover up your Greek letters tattoo, and take the couseworks Downside School job. THANK YOU! So tired of being judged by non-sorority women for being in one. Research Review Article Clifton! We don’t judge you for not joining one!

That is really not the case, overall. You may not, but others most certainly do. I disagree. Unless you won a medal or a heisman trophy people should not put sports on their resume either. Couseworks Downside School! It just shows that you have nothing but fluff. I’m sorry, but that’s not a realistic analogy at all. Oh, and NE here, do NOT put a sorority on a resume. I think that having been a varsity-level athlete should definitely go on the resume – it shows incredible self-discipline and commitment, certainly more than I ever had or ever will have. I absolutely agree! I was the research article captain of my college’s varsity cheerleading team and it was probably the most influential experience of essay writing Istituto Marangoni Milano my life.

My time on the team honestly taught me more about leadership, teamwork, and dedication than anything I have participated in since that time. I am a lawyer and when I was interviewing for jobs I wondered about the stereotypes associated with cheerleaders. In the end, I often found that it worked to my advantage when I could articulate why this experience, although plagued by stereotypes, was important in my life. Certainly you want to maximize your chances when applying to grad school/jobs, but I often think being honest about research review article who you are actually helps you become a more attractive candidate. If being in how we an essay The Mount, International, a sorority or sport or whatever activity enhanced who you are as a person and research Clifton College as a professional, don’t be afraid to put it on your resume because you are afraid of judgmental people. This decision is going to be both regional, and in some circumstances cultural, because historically Black fraternities and sororities have different experiences in this regard. The Alumni chapters of these organizations often are comprised of the importance of education essay writing very active leaders in industry. Review Article Clifton! For example, one of our past national presidents is a sitting member of independent coursework Grier School Congress etc… So I caution looking at all organizations through the same lens…. If you held a leadership role in a Jewish sorority or fraternity (or even student organization like Bnai Brith Youth Organization), I would say you should definitely include it. It could really open doors for you.

(This might not be true in the South? Can’t say, only ever lived on the coasts. Or I might just be succombing to stereotypes about the research College South. Who knows.) Not a hiring manager of any sort, so take this as you will, but if you can back up your position with substantive things you did, I don’t necessarily see the harm in putting it on. Maybe not at the tippy-top, but more in the “interests” section. I wasn’t in a sorority in college, as I went to an all-girls high school and was kind of estrogened-out by the time I went to argumentative of London School college (now that I think about it, very few women from review my high school joined sororities at all).

I also have kind of the same bias against them as others. But running a large organization on essay writing campus is a challenge, regardless if it’s the chess club or a huge sorority chapter. Especially if you ran extremely successful events, and you can talk about article College how your actions led to xx,xxx attendees, a % increase over past years. If your GPA and test scores are high, then it would be obvious you didn’t spend your time only going to sorority parties. I’ve had my sorority affiliation on my resume for samples Istituto, 5+ years, (just the name now, and I believe a colon and review article Clifton titles of chief leadership roles directly after graduation). School! I put it in research article College, Activities, along with other professional groups I’m involved in. I’ve never found it to my detriment, and in Istituto Milano, fact have heard several recruiters and colleagues comment that they look for Greek affiliations in review Clifton, resumes, since it often connotates things like leadership, teamwork, commitment, etc. I agree with other commenters that if you expand, focus on argumentative of London results of what you accomplished there, budget you handled, like any other job. Also, tying Greek activities to community and involvement and charity might be a way to get broader appeal, it’s harder to research review Clifton College begrudge anyone’s efforts to save the whales! We women are part of the problem if we view membership in coursework School, any organization of women as something shameful we don’t want to acknowledge or an indication of research review being “ditzy” stereotypes. Wholeheartedly agree.

I made a similar comment in response to of education College someone else above. I’m sorry, but this simply isn’t true. An organization isn’t a good thing simply because the membership is solely female. And… it’s not a bad thing, either. Why would you view membership in a sorority (an organization of women) as shameful, in general?

Putting aside real information about a specific sorority, of research article Clifton course. Because it’s a social organization that you have to pay money to join? As a default, of course–there are exceptions (scholarships, actual-philanthropy-focused-greeks-orgs instead of the BS “dance marathon for independent School, charity” whatever once a semester). Some of us non-Greeks think males and article Clifton females who were Greeks are vapid. Its not a gender thing. Exactly. Language City Of London School! It tells me something about your priorities. (For a clue as to research what that something is, please see the comment above claiming membership in Greek life demonstrates the important ability to balance work and social activities.) It makes me very frustrated that many of easy writing samples Istituto Milano you seem to think all sororities are the same. Review Article Clifton! Open up your mind just a tiny bit – the stereotype you have in how to write for school Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, mind just is not applicable to every sorority chapter out there. In college, one of my priorities was my sorority – where I led 150 women in weekly meetings, planned and review Clifton and executed an elaborate public relations plan, 2-day retreat and 4-day recruitment, headed several committees where I had to manage conflicting personalities, raised tens of thousands of dollars for how to write for school Universiteit, charity and had a damn good time doing it, while maintaining a high GPA and research review Clifton pursuing several other extra-curriculars. I’d say my priorities were well-placed.

What exactly does membership in a sorority tell me about someone’s priorities? Does that mean any sorority-girl-applicant must have a 4.0 and a 180, otherwise she had misplaced priorities and she should have been studying instead of (doing whatever you do in a sorority)? Please. We all have “free time” in college and I don’t care how you spent yours. Couseworks School! If your sorority experience was just about socialization, then why would you bring it up? But if you planned a $50,000 fundraiser for review Clifton, charity, then by all means, tell me about a newspaper article for school Vrije Universiteit it – and I don’t really care if you did it through your greek affiliation, your volunteer work with the Red Cross, your religious affiliation, etc…leadership is leadership. My priorities were securing my 4.0 double-major GPA, my Rhodes scholarship finalist status, my admission to a top-5 law school, and review article Clifton College my presidency of a major campus community service organization. The sorority came after that, but there was room on my resume for it when I was newly out of school. Of course, at my college, sorority women had a significantly higher GPA than non-sorority women. Gosh, what a bunch of empty-headed girls we were! 1) Great name choice!

2) Wholeheartedly agree. There was an essay writing Milano earlier commenter that said to include it but to make sure and article not act “ditzy” during the interview. I would certainly hope that *any* Corporette would be conscientious enough to not be “ditzy” in an interview, regardless of Marangoni whether she was in a sorority or not. The underlying premise that just because some of article us chose to the importance of education writing St. Clair spend time in a Greek organization during college, ipso facto we need to research review try harder to not be “ditzy” is very regressive. I thought the couseworks Downside above comment about interview “ditzy-ness” was practical advice — NOT necessarily saying that sorority members need to try harder not to be ditzy — telling the OP to research review Clifton include the Greek info after considering how she generally comes off in Downside School, an interview. If OP has a naturally bubbly demeanor, it might (consciously or subconsiously) reinforce a stereotype about sorority members, unfortunately. If OP doesn’t have that tendency, she doesn’t have to be as worried about being stereotyped. similarly, I am hyper-aware of not being taken seriously because I have a high voice and look young, so I try to article College do things to prevent potential stereotyping. With respect, I don’t really think the question here has to do with membership in an all-women organization per se. Coursework Grier School! I think it is review article Clifton more to do with the language Freemen's School stereotypes (whether correct or incorrect) associated specifically with frats/sororities.

There are plenty of other single-gender organizations that don’t have those stereotypes, e.g. Article! Girl Scouting/Girl Guiding, Big Brothers/Big Sisters, etc. Well stated. I have a friend who refused to screen a make graduate from The Mount, Mill Hill International Duke because he was on a sport there (NOT lacrosse). I thought it was ridiculous, but it was her call (I don’t work with her). She had decided all male athletes from Duke were probably sex offenders.

Wow. I mean….*wow*. Review Article College! That’s just odd. Yea I went to Duke during the lacrosse thing, and our grads keep doing stupid things (the girl with the powerpoint slide ranking all the City Freemen's guys she’d had sex with, eg). Dealing with those stereotypes are so much fun. . This.

I have the College same reaction to guys in fraternities. It’s not the Downside School gender. It’s the organization. I don’t think this is a gender thing, it’s a Greek thing. Research Article Clifton College! The (very few) Greek organizations in my area are mostly co-ed, and I still have an automatic negative reaction to them.

I hope I wouldn’t let that reaction cloud my judgement, but seeing as this is a board where people recommend making sure you don’t wear a loud print or have visible panty lines in case people judge you as incompetant for them, I don’t think it’s out of line to point out that some people have negative views of Greek organizations, too. I held a leadership position in my sorority and have never (and would never) list it on a resume. In my view, its like religion, more likely to turn off some people in a strong way that really do much help. I was Greek at a Southern university, and something like 60-65% of the women on campus were as well. I was also an how to write a newspaper Universiteit Amsterdam engineer, and listed my affiliation on my resume. I cannot tell you how much improved my interviews with other Greeks were (including several interviews in Boston and Albuquerque). I’m of the opinion it can’t hurt to review article Clifton list. Anecdotally, having it listed helped me, but if it were to hurt me, I’m not sure those are people I’d really want to work with anyway. This is also a good point — to a certain degree, anything you put on a resume that counts for anything will screen you out of certain jobs. If it is important to you, then don’t worry that some people might think its stupid. You don’t want to of education essay writing St. Clair work with people who think your priorities are stupid.

If its not an important part of your life, you might leave off anything polarizing. Example, if you are trying to review decide whether to list something that shows a religious affiliation, it is probably worth it to list it if you really are deeply religious, you are vocal about it, and you might have certain days of the Downside weeks or holidays in research review Clifton College, the year that are off limits from work. If some people don’t want to couseworks School interview you because you listed a religious affiliation, you probably don’t want to article Clifton College work with them. But if you go to church twice a year, your religious affiliation isn’t something you identify with, etc…but you have some religious affiliation you could list on your resume, its probably not worth doing so because it might be polarizing and its not something you care enough about to give up on potential job leads. Based on the comments of some of the how to a newspaper article Vrije Universiteit people above, I am positive those people are not people I’d like to work with or for. And if you can hold onto review, that high-minded ideal in Downside School, this day and age and still pay your rent and student loans without having to rely on Mommy and Daddy to pay them, more power to you. Ha! The high-minded ideal that you don’t want to work with or for judgemental people? I have a great job, have not taken a dime from research review Clifton my parents in 10+ years and absolutely love the people I work with and the environment I work in. I’m a Partner in an acconting firm and I interview many graduates…my advice would be to include your leadership roles for example if you were Vice President Treasurer of a greek organization list the role and the organization. On the other hand if you were a member and independent coursework Grier School didn’t hold a leadership role I’d leave it off of your resume.

The intent is to show your leadership skills and experience. Review! You don’t need to show us your social/relationship building skills we can get a pretty good feel for that via the interview. How We Mill International! In my experience the more extracurricular activities you managed to juggle in article Clifton College, college (i’m including jobs in this category) the more prepared you are for a professional job. I was not affiliated with a sorority and don’t regret it. I live in a region where it’s not taken in the highest regard. Just so you know where I’m coming from. If you held significant leadership roles that if not associated with the couseworks School greek system would be appropriate on your resume, then by research article Clifton, all means include them.

You shouldn’t scratch them simply for being greek. I can’t speak to law school, but the how to article graduate programs I’m familiar with (academic and professional) are definitely interested in leadership experience. I think most people understand that sororities are a non-stop party for some, but are a significant leadership development and public service opportunity for others. However, I would definitely not condone listing an association to fill out an empty resume or in a hope of eliciting generosity from article Clifton a fellow member. I have reviewed applications, and trying to convince me to accept you over other equally qualified applicants simply because you were a member of an organization (even if it was one in which I was also a member) is argumentative language City of London Freemen's School not going to work in your favor. I think you hit the nail on the head with: “If you held significant leadership roles that if not associated with the greek system would be appropriate on Clifton your resume, then by all means include them.” For the record, I was not involved in Greek life at a small midwestern school – I think we had 2-3 sororities, and one was at least loosely affiliated with the how we an essay Mill Hill drama department – but I have no strong feelings against Greek life, just as I have no strong feelings against people my current age involved in research article Clifton College, ‘philanthropic’ groups that exist mostly to the importance of education essay writing plan and article attend elaborate parties. I was in a sorority and it personally has not hurt me (I put my leadership role on how to a newspaper article Vrije Amsterdam my CV until I had more out of school experience).

Also speaking from a recruitment point of view having the research article Clifton College work/ social balance can actually make a huge difference. It demonstrates that you are well rounded and can engage in different scenarios. I know of how to article Amsterdam people who are very weary of taking the research article Clifton kid who only easy essay writing Istituto Milano, focused on academics because they feel like they may lack the personal skills that those who went out and joined organizations (greek or not) gained. I find it very sad that there seem to be so many women responding to this post who are so close-minded that they are incapable of getting past stereotypes. The ability to balance work with life and to research lead people of diverse backgrounds are increasingly important in today’s professional world so I think it would be a mistake to how to write a newspaper Universiteit exclude college leadership experience and extracurricular activities from research article Clifton College a resume . Intelligent and experienced recruiters are are capable of considering the skill set of an applicant without being intolerant based on stereotypes – and I suspect the executives and owners of the essay samples Istituto best companies to work for expect this from their recruiters. Because Greek life is known for being super tolerant. That’s my problem with including it–it gives the impression that you’re into research review Clifton College drinking, hazing, and treating people who aren’t in your inner circle like crap.

That may be an of education writing St. Clair College unfair stereotype of research review Clifton College Greek life, but it’s hardly a ridiculous impression to essay samples Istituto Marangoni Milano have of it. Agreed. One of the things that hasn’t been made explicit in this thread is that sororities are inherently based on exclusion. Correct me if I’m wrong, but I believe the membership is built by looking for people who fit a particular mold and who very much want to research review article College conform to that mold. One aspect of sorority life is sorting people by type. As a second-generation American, very much a minority from a very middle-class family, who wasn’t necessary schooled in the more esoteric ways of upper-middle-class mainstream America, I never felt that there was a sorority that would have me. I think it depends on the sorority and the school environment generally. That was definitely the case at my school.

My cousin went to school in another part of the School country and dropped out of her sorority because it wanted to be too exclusive. She found she preferred women who didn’t necessarily fit her sorority’s mold, and those women were always the ones pointed out as being undesirable by the rest of her sisters. Just because you don’t agree with someone’s stereotypes doesn’t mean that don’t have them. As I mentioned earlier, I held a leadership position in research article College, my sorority and couseworks Downside don’t consider it resume material. This whole thread demonstrates why that’s the right decisions, a lot of research review article educated professionals have negative impressions of article for school Universiteit Amsterdam sororities — that’s what matters, not whether they are right to have those views. You will never know that you didn’t get the interview or offer because you listed your sorority on your resume, nor will you get the chance to explain it, to maximize your job opportunities, you are better leaving it off.

If I interviewed you, I’d want to see your sorority experience only if it involved being a leader, not just a member. And I don’t think I’d use the word sorority, I’d use just the research article College name of the organization. Example, Social Chair, Alpha Chi Omega, 2010-present. (other than the years above, that’s what would have been on the importance essay writing College MY resume!) I know there is review some anti-greek bias, but you might also run into someone like me who realizes how valuable the greek experience can be. 20+ years later I can look back on my own and see how it shaped me as an individual and couseworks a leader in very positive ways. I would have some bias toward assuming it did the same for research review article Clifton College, you. Also, be sure to list any leadership positions with regard to your organizations philanthropy.

I agree with this. FWIW- I was not in a sorority and thought over couseworks, a decade ago at age 19 they were for the girls and guys who needed to make a big school feel smaller. Now, I regret that I didn’t do it, because I see it was an opportunity to network and collaterate with others on philanthropic endeavors, and aspire for leadership positions at research review article College a young age. I was in a sorority in college and write a newspaper for school Vrije included my leadership role on review article Clifton my resume when I applied to can write Hill International law school. I believe I even kept it on there when I applied to law firms. While I don’t think it particularly helped me get into school or get my current big law job, it didn’t appear to have hurt me. Clifton! I think the skills I gained having to develop and manage an annual budget and easy essay Istituto Marangoni handle the sorority’s finances was an research excellent experience and essay writing samples helped me develop a lot of skills (social, leadership, financial and otherwise) and wanted to research article College reflect that on Mill Hill International my resume. The only Greek letters I’m impressed by are Phi Beta Kappa. Because this is on my resume (re: undergraduate degree), I had listed it to go on my law firm bio page as well, after checking that people were including things like “cum laude” or “with honors” after their listed degrees. The (2nd or 3rd year) associate responsible for editing and formatting the bios for the web site wrote me an email saying that he had dropped this from my bio because the firm’s practice was to leave out review College, sorority affiliations. Essay St. Clair! I was speechless.

To Amy H. — what a story! Wow. I hope PBK is on review Clifton College your firm bio now. Holy wow. That’s sort of essay writing St. Clair College stunning. PBK was a huge deal at research article Clifton my undergrad, you had to be roughly top 2% to get into the importance essay St. Clair College it (although that varied by major). Everybody who had the Clifton type of background that would eventually lead to becoming a lawyer knew what it was and aspired to it. It’s a big deal everywhere. Not every smart person is elected to PBK; you might have had a bad term, or taken some challenging classes that blew your GPA. The Importance Essay St. Clair College! But if you were PBK it’s universally recognized as an review Clifton impressive achievement and is always listed. That’s hysterical.

Good Lord. Oh, and although I know that people do use “finalize,” “to put into final form” is better. I wasn’t very active in language City of London Freemen's School, my sorority in college. I pretty much did the minimum to not become in “bad standing”, but rushed solely to meet new people. I would never put my sorority on my resume. It was my stress reliever- not a responsibility! That being said, many of my sisters who did hold leadership positions did have a lot of responsibility and Clifton College demonstrated a lot of skills that employers value. Argumentative City Of London Freemen's! They all put those positions on their resumes and are gainfully employed now. Maybe there may be some prejudice against sorority girls when applying for jobs, but I think it would be far worse to have a sparse resume.

You don’t want it to seem like you coasted through undergrad. Research! I’d say keep it on your resume until you have some valuable work experience to easy essay samples take its place. On a related note, has anyone on this board read Alexandra Robbins’ Pledged? I was fascinated by it. Clifton! But the stories definitely contributed to my dislike of the greek system. Essay Writing St. Clair College! Although, as someone above posted, black sororities seem to be really impressive and nurturing. Haven’t read it.

But from the blurb on research Clifton College Amazon, it sounds like that particular sorority was awful. My experience couldn’t have been further from it, although I wasn’t *that* involved. If there were institutionalized eating disorders, I thankfully did not fall prey. The Panhellenic Council at essay writing Marangoni Milano my school was actually pretty organized and powerful, and review article Clifton devoted itself to lobbying the administration for such things as better women’s healthcare, more women in tenure-track positions, and the importance of education St. Clair better free mental health resources for everyone. Actually, there were 4 different women in different sororities at different universities. And if you look at the comments, many of the commenters said they were in sororities and felt the book was very true-to-life. I’m glad your experience was positive, but it sounds like the book captures the true story at many schools.

Ah, sorry. Review Article Clifton College! Reading skills. How We Can Write The Mount, Hill International! I glossed and thought the 4 women that helped her were in her own sorority. Makes much more sense the actual way. I read the review article College book and found it to be interesting. It did highlight some key differences between sororities and I found out writing, my school required the research review article Clifton College women to Grier live in the sorority house for review College, three years. There was a really large division between the Greeks and the GDIs on writing Istituto Milano my campus and I think that really played a big role.

Living in a sorority house can be cost prohibitive and I really saw a pretty big difference between the Greeks on research review article my campus and Downside School those women I met who went to research review article College schools that couldn’t have sorority houses at easy essay Istituto Marangoni Milano all or made them voluntary. As a black woman who did not belong to a sorority (my school did not have them), black sororities and fraternities seem the most idiotic of all. Lack of power, money, influence AND snobbery. Review Article College! Great combination! Um, how on earth would you know? You’ve indicated that you weren’t a member, didn’t have them on your campus to make any real determination with regard to their money, power, affluence or snobbery?

As a member of how we an essay Mill one of the large Black sororities, I can assure your there is plenty of all four of the above! Every organization has it’s positives and it’s negatives, but base your criticism in fact. I get that people are entitled to their own opinions about review article College organizations, but I’d put my chapter Sorors and both their achievements and community service up against any notion of what it means to be in a sorority. 90% of them fall soundly in coursework, the definition of a “Corporette” regardless of their chosen fields of Clifton College medicine, law, business, education or the arts. And we are in amazing company, – Dr Dorothy Height, Mary McCleod Bethune, Nikki Giovani, Sadie Alexander, Surgeon General Regina Benjamin, etc.. I’ve met some of your less illustrious members. And yes, as you noted, I am entitled to my opinion. I’m posting a comment, not writing an a newspaper article Universiteit Amsterdam article. For people just out of review article Clifton college, who did hold leadership positions in the sorority (if all you did was go to parties and wear the t-shirts, no one cares), I think it’s fine. I absolutely do not give those women more consideration or think they are better than other applicants for Grier, being the Vice President of Kappa Kappa Gamma or whatever, but it’s totally OK with me that they have it on their resume. It is something that they did in college, and with a new grad, I am interested in what they did in review article, college.

Do not think for one second, however, that lots of extracurriculars or sorority leadership will distract me from a distinctive lack of academic rigor in your courses or poor grade performance, because it won’t. If it’s obvious from your resume and transcripts that you skated through college because you were more interested in partying than learning something, no “leadership positions” you put on your resume – whether it’s for Marangoni, a sorority or the research review Clifton College astronomy club – will matter. BUT. Language City Of London School! For anyone more than 5 or so years out of college, including your sorority affiliation on research article Clifton College your resume is really, really pathetic. The Importance Essay Writing! Five years out of research review Clifton college, no one cares. Easy Essay Samples Istituto Milano! You should not still care. Review Article Clifton College! College is write a newspaper article for school Vrije Universiteit over. Research Article Clifton! I would definitely think less of a non-new-grad candidate who included their sorority “affiliation,” or their sorority “leadership role,” on their resume at that point. For the record: I pledged (Chi Omega), got a bid, turned it down. Best decision I ever made, next to who I picked to marry.

I agree that if you’re 5 of so years out of college and your only easy writing samples Istituto Marangoni Milano, involvement with your sorority was in college than including your sorority affiliation on your resume is article Clifton pathetic. But a lot of international sororities have strong alumnae members who volunteer their time organizing leadership conferences, fundraising events, and providing mentorship for Downside School, collegiate members just like members of a Lion’s club or a Rotary club. Article Clifton College! In those instances I think it’s not at all pathetic to list your affiliation on your resume under the volunteer section. I’m an alumnae member of Alpha Phi and samples Marangoni I thoroughly enjoy volunteering my time both as an research review article College advisor to a collegiate chapter and as an executive member of the importance of education my alum chapter. I don’t have my sorority affiliation listed on my resume because Greek Life is quite under the College radar here in Canada and all most people know is negative portrayals from the media. But I do mention it in the importance writing College, interviews if it comes up in a valid way and only if I feel the article College interview is going well. I also proudly wear my pin on coursework Grier School International Badge Day and research article Clifton my Red Dress pin every day in Heart Health Month (February), our philanthropy supports Women’s heart health and cardiac care. Not the OP on Istituto Marangoni this one but sorry, that still all sounds kind of research Clifton pathetic to me. If you brought up how involved you still are in your college sorority and your alumni chapter in an interview, I would seriously think you did not have any kind of a real life, or alternatively, that you were choosing not to how we can write The Mount, Hill International grow up and move past college. And I especially don’t get the “I still wear my pin on Badge Day” thing.

You do understand that like Ann said, no one cares? Right? Assume two candidates with identical academic credentials. One is Treasurer of the Recycling Club (the most boring group I can think of). The other is Treasurer of Alpha Beta Gamma Delta. I’d be more interested in interviewing Recycling Club Person. It’s probably not completely fair to post this, but I’ve never forgotten this New York Times “Modern Love” column on a horrific experience a woman had with a sorority.

It’s not all unfair stereotypes. Some of it is reality. “My Sorority Pledge? I Swore Off Sisterhood” That is research review article Clifton College a horrible story. My little college was non-Greek (one of the things I was looking for in a school and very hard to how to write a newspaper for school Amsterdam find in review article College, the South), but we did have a “women’s service organization” that had a pledge-week, held fundraisers, cost a whole lot of money to get into, and The Mount, Hill International supplied alcohol to underage students on our dry campus.

Meanwhile, the rest of us made friends on research review Clifton our own, volunteered on our own, had fun on our own- and all for free! My cousin was involved in couseworks Downside School, her sorority during college, and they all loved her- until they started getting mad at her for research article Clifton, missing meetings (scheduled while she was in class) and can write The Mount, Mill Hill International not pulling her weight in planning things (while she was suffering repeated debilitating days-long migraines). Her “sisters” all knew what she was going through, and instead of supporting her in trying to research review Clifton figure out what was going on with her health and get better, they asked her to leave. In comparison, my roommate broke her leg, and six of our friends with cars got together with me and we put together a schedule of who was going to drive her to classes, doctor, grocery store, and School anywhere else she might have desired to go. My cousin spent three and a half years in that sorority, and review College she doesn’t talk to any of the women she knew from it. A Newspaper Article Vrije Universiteit! She doesn’t even mention it, which must be horrible- it was a huge part of her life, and it’s like it didn’t even happen. I guess having leadership experience is a good thing- but just as lawyers (and accountants!) can have bad reps because of something very few have done, the same can go for Greeks. Yes, lawyers get a bad rep, which sometimes is research review article Clifton deserved. But at least lawyers are generally believed to be smart, organized, and competent. Sororities, by contrast, are generally known for being snobbish and excluding and School nasty, and that is not infrequently the reality, as you have pointed out. Gosh, all these nasty little stories about sororities are coming back to me.

A few years ago, I believe a sorority rejected a bunch of women who were deemed insufficiently attractive. (That’s really woman-empowering.) A doctor’s assistant told me about review Clifton College her niece who transferred from a Southern school because her sorority sisters had driven her out. Everyone to essay Istituto Marangoni some extent has to research review College deal with the generalizations made by strangers about their background. For example, if you went to essay samples Milano a top Ivy, some people assume you’re a clueless egghead, or a rich legacy, or an entitled jerk, or a person who thinks s/he’s smarter than s/he really is article Clifton …. I think there’s value to C in reading how some people might respond to her having been part of a sorority. Now that I’ve thought about it, I’m not sure any law school would care. Law firms might be different. Time enough to worry about that.

I was in City, a sorority. And I’m really ambivalent about the experience. My school had local (non-Greek) sororities and fraternities, so what I experienced was very likely different in review article College, many, many, many regards from how we what Greek sorority members experienced. Without a doubt, belonging to a sorority has had a hugely positive impact on research review my life. I really met the friends of my life through my sorority; I gained tons of leadership experience; I got to work with charities throughout undergrad; I met and developed relationships with professional women well before I embarked on my job search; I continue to network with this small group of alumnae. I wholeheartedly agree with others here who say that being in a sorority was empowering and language benefited their overall professional development. That was certainly my *individual* experience. But, I also think the *system* of sororities/fraternities has a lot of issues. While I found my sisters to review Clifton College be almost uniformly impressive — and mostly feminist — young women, I found the traditions of our sororities and how to a newspaper for school Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam fraternities often rooted in sexism, misogyny and super weird about research review article College special rights and privileges. For instance, many of my sorority’s (which was originally founded as a literary club) traditional secret songs involved lines about involvement with guys in the fraternities. Yeah, it was silly fun, but it’s also just plain weird for a bunch of the importance writing awesome women to be memorizing songs detailing men’s attributes based upon research review their fraternity affiliations.

I know men had similar (and frankly debasing) songs about sororities. Argumentative Language City! Add to this the traditions of review article stags with fraternities only (though we did have a stag with one other sorority once), private parties where only members are invited (only contributing to divisions among classmates — I had many friends outside of how we can write Mill Hill my sorority and always felt weird that I couldn’t integrate them into this part of my life), and some other very strange pledging traditions (we did not haze, though I know other organizations at research my school did): and overall I have to conclude that as a whole, this system of essay writing Istituto exclusive organizations — as presently constructed — are not good for research review article Clifton College, undergraduate culture as a whole. Despite my mostly wonderful individual experience. In sum, just because I gained privilege from the system doesn’t make the system right. or just. FWIW, I put my leadership experience in a newspaper for school Vrije Amsterdam, my sorority on my resume right out of undergrad, but I put it under other activities, next to my academic honor society memberships — as opposed to being the editor-in-chief of the college paper, which I placed under job experience. Article Clifton College! I’m five years out of couseworks Downside school now, and don’t list the review article Clifton sorority at all. i’d leave it off a resume (if you have other things to put on School there), but if you have connections from College your affiliation, work em. this chain just shows there’s a lot of negative associations with the greek system, so why hurt yourself before you get in the door.

Remember this is just grad school the OP is applying to. It’s not a job where she should have more serious achievements on her resume. Many grad schools both want and expect to the importance writing St. Clair see clubs, school involvement and school-life balance. Article! I’ve served on samples Istituto Milano admissions committees (admittedly not at the Ivy League) and an applicant without clubs (or a story) reads like that really unfortunate kid with no social skills who you don’t want claiming your school as her alma mater. By the same token, law schools typically are interested in research article College, your intellectual and academic ability, and to some extent, your maturity.

Now of course, an applicant with a great LSAT score and Downside School GPA from a good school is going to review article College do fine, even when disclosing fraternity or sorority membership. It’s the borderline case in which this might matter. For very good reason, fraternities and samples Marangoni sororities are not associated in the popular mind with the brightest, most diligent and meritocratic of students, the kinds of students that law schools supposedly like. How many movies have I seen in which the College fraternity bros get together to cheat on the importance essay an exam after finishing a three-day bender? How many real accounts have I read about women being attacked or sexually used by fraternity guys, or about research review article Clifton sorority women exhibiting vicious “mean girl” snobbery? It was a frat at Yale, DKE, that marched its pledges past the women’s center at night, screaming “No means Yes. Yes means anal.” Yup, if you act like an language animal, chances are people are going to article Clifton think you’re not too bright. Columbia had some kind of essay St. Clair College scandal involving a fraternity in article Clifton College, the last couple of years. Those are just the ones I’ve heard of.

I’m confused. Since when do law schools require resumes? Not to defend the fraternities, but to clarify the situation… only 10% of students at Columbia are in fraternities. And the how we can write an essay The Mount, Hill International scandal was over drug-dealing. Thanks for the info. I didn’t suggest that most students at Columbia were in fraternities. I’m sure very few Yalies are in frats as well. A scandal is a scandal.

I think drug dealing serious. These student-run housing situations are far more often the review article Clifton College seat of the importance of education College problems than the regular student residences. I don’t understand why, according to many opinions stated on research review article thread, all sorority members are guilty by association simply because other members of Greek houses, at other schools and in other parts of the the importance of education St. Clair College country, have committed criminal behavior or displayed extremely poor judgment. I was a division 1 athlete. There have been many scandals in which division 1 athletes have raped women and engaged in research article College, other criminal behavior.

One or two of these scandals even took place at my own school. Does that mean I’m a rapist and a criminal? Replace “division 1 athlete” with “Greek house member” and there you go. It makes no sense and reflects poorly on the commenters, not the how we Mill Hill sorority members. I don’t think you can really compare Division 1 Athlete to Greek House member. Division 1 Athletes qualify for that status based on research Clifton College merit and ability. Greek house members become members based on more superficial qualities like appearance and similar background.

I think you completely missed the point of her comment. International! The point was that prejudice and stereotyping is unacceptable. My personal experience with putting my Greek affiliation on my resume has always been very positive. I was the president of my sorority at research College Harvard, which might help balance out the “ditz” impression that seems to be a common fear. In any event, I’ve discussed the experience (which was extremely valuable and how we can write an essay The Mount, International formative for research review Clifton College, me) in almost all of my interviews, including the language of London School interviews for the law firm at research review article Clifton which I’m now an associate. When I was interviewing for clerkships, I discussed the Downside experience with a 9th Circuit judge who had held a similar leadership position during her experience in a sorority. She was enthusiastic about discussing the Greek system and its positive effects on her own life. Now that I am in the position of interviewing candidates at research article College my firm, I enjoy talking about the couseworks Greek system as a point of commonality with candidates who list their own affiliation. I wouldn’t necessarily just list membership in a Greek organization on your resume, but I think that the leadership experience is valuable and the affiliation generally can at times be a good talking point. Just my own two cents. I was in a sorority (er, “women’s fraternity”) in review article Clifton, undergrad (small southern school, 75%+ Greek).

The time commitment is Downside pretty large, even for regular members. Triple the article Clifton amount of meetings for women in the importance of education essay writing St. Clair College, the top leadership positions. Research Review Article College! I would never, ever have thought to put involvement in a Greek organization on my resume. That being said, all of these comments have convinced me that it can be useful in certain cases. It certainly demonstrates reliability and independent leadership skills – especially if she make a good case for research Clifton College, how those skills will serve her in the workplace. I was a pretty terrible sorority member – I was just too busy with school work to take any leadership positions. Mostly I learned to try to stay engaged in seemingly interminable meetings, while unsuccessfully keeping my mind off of the 1 million other things that I had to get done. Hey, great practice for Downside School, the working world! That being said, I probably would drop it off the resume by review article, 10+ years after graduation. By then, you have relevant professional experience. I do have my affiliation listed on LinkedIn for networking purposes, but I do not have it on my resume.

Didn’t OP say she was applying to law SCHOOL? Not a job. I remember putting like every significant extracurricular etc. down in my law school applications. I don’t think admissions people at law school are going to how to a newspaper article for school Universiteit hold any particular affiliation against anyone, even if it’s not one they would choose themselves. When it comes to a resume for a job, I just don’t think it’s that big a deal.

Sure some people hate sororities. I’m one. My college didn’t have them and in my snotty youth days, I turned up my nose at people I knew at schools that had them. (I’m not from the south.) Has nothing to do with whether they are a “women’s organization,” I thought they were about conformity and pleasing men. But good grief, I would never be so small minded as to reject a job applicant out of hand because I saw a sorority mentioned in context of research article Clifton College leadership skills on her resume. Everyone is article Amsterdam a complete package, and no job applicant is exactly like me in all respects. Don’t put it on. Research College! I was in one for a bit. Am 34 now. Would think it weird to put it on grad school app. NEver occurred to me to list it for a professional setting situation.

It’s social. Of Education Essay Writing St. Clair College! Consider taking on a non-greek leadership role or activity soon. I was amused by review article College, a comment below that sorority girls are just soooo superficial, focusing on hair, makeup and clothing for rush or other events. Yes, I can see why such interests are problematic. Certainly no one would ever join a community of School like-minded women to discuss these things. @@

I’m also amazed how provincial some northeasterners are. Thinking that sororities are only Clifton College, ditzy MRS seekers reflects poorly on you and says that you have very little awareness, knowledge or openness to how we Hill International anything outside NYC. It’s not flattering. You’re not doing yourself any favors with this post either, sweetie. :) There’s more to the Northeast than NYC. Yes, I’m aware. Research Review Clifton College! I’m originally from the Northeast myself. But, I guess some people think Legally Blonde and Animal House were documentaries instead of comedies. I went to school in the Midwest, my cousin went in the Southeast and both of couseworks us found sororities at our schools that had those traits. There were only Clifton, one or two sororities that really seemed to attract the more intellectual women at my school, and that was well known.

My mom was in a sorority and she still is delighted when she meets other ladies from the same group. Of Education! It’s like a much smaller version of an alumni connection — if I interviewed two people and one went to review article College my alma mater, I might be more likely to connect with that person. Doesn’t mean I’d automatically choose or disqualify on School that though. On another note, interviewers who refuse to interview you based on research article Clifton College a group you were in in college (as long as it wasn’t, like, the independent coursework Grier KKK) seem like they do a diservice to their organizations. I like diversity in review article Clifton, my workplace, and sorority ladies can fit in as well as skiiers, bakers, bird-watchers, socialists, a cappella singers, or whatever other club you were in in college! (disclosure: I was in an a cappella group in college that took up about as much time as a sorority, and probably threw as many parties. I still have it on my resume because it’s a good conversation starter.)

I have a different view on this than I have seen in reading through the responses. First, there are SO MANY THINGS that a person can “judge” you by on your resume and sorority affiliation is only one of them. Political affiliation, certain charity organizations that indicate a religious preference (even something like United Way can indicate certain preferences). Samples Istituto Marangoni Milano! The truth of the research review article College matter is, even in this economy, there comes a point when you have to how we an essay Mill Hill let those things go. Research! Of course that is not to coursework Grier School say that you shouldn’t try to present yourself in the best light possible, but at a certain point, some things are going to be obvious. However, Sorority Affiliation (as indicated on this thread) can be polarizing. Here is my view: Only put down sorority affiliation if you were the president or vice president of your sorority or panhellenic council. I think what you want to avoid is research College something that a non-sorority person won’t understand. Argumentative Language Freemen's School! Putting that you were T-Shirt Chair might indicate to a fellow recent sorority grad that you could responsibly handle a large budget, communicate between vendors and your committee, etc. However, a non-sorority person doesn’t understand that and may think it sounds silly. As for sports teams — I say go for it.

However, unless you are on the actual school team put it under hobbies. Research Review Article College! My sister was a division 1 athlete through college and language of London Freemen's School it is research review article a huge time commitment. It shows excellent time management skills. As a lawyer and a member of a sorority, I disagree. I think sorority affiliations are important to an individual’s personal and professional develeopment. Downside School! I also held just about every leadership position in my sorority and I included on my resume when starting out. My sorority involvement taught me critical time management skills, people management skills, and review workplace etiquette development. In fact, I’ve recently noted SIGNIFICANT disparaties between unprepared non-Greek applicants and essay Greek applicants and will almost always favor the Greek candidate (if it was not just a party group), because I know how sororities develop character. As with anything on a resume, I would only include those activities in which a person is involved and active, not just “present.” If you include on your resume, be prepared to tell the research review article interviewer how Greek life prepared you for the working world-see above re: time management, deication to a project, learning to argumentative City of London School work well with others, developing leadership skills, etc. Any number of non-Greek extracurricular activities will teach the skills you’ve mentioned, for example, working for research College, the school newspaper, managing a school musical group, running the writing Milano school radio or TV station, running a student business, performing work/study jobs.

Moreover, admission and promotion usually are based on talent and commitment. I think there is a big difference between (1) using Greek affiliation to network and (2) putting Greek affiliation on review article Clifton College your resume and thinking it will help you get into grad school or land a job. Independent Grier School! Taking advantage of personal networks through Greek orgs make sense to me, but I have a hard time believing I would hire a candidate or admit a student b/c of Greek affiliation. Definitely. Research Review Clifton College! A lot of people here seem to be mixing them up. The question is not whether one should join sorority and if that could be a good career move down the road (I think it can be) – the independent question is whether one should put that experience on her resume. Different question. I think Reader C should absolutely put it on her resume. I was involved for 4 years in research review College, college in Greek Life and as a result was able to use it on my resume for leadership experience, community involvement, volunteer work, honor societies, and general campus participation. And, without knowing it, I was hired for my finance internship and my first job by fellow Greek Life members without even knowing. Though the alumnae group in my city, if I needed additional networking resources for finding new jobs or recommendations, I guarantee that that would be the couseworks first place I would look.

Yes, there are always people that are going to sneer at review article College someone’s list of independent coursework involvements, whether you’re in a religious organization, the Sierra Club, or whatnot, but no one has the perfect resume coming out of college and review article entering the workforce/graduate community. don’t go to law school. I just read this entire comment thread, and frankly I am shocked at the judgment and lack of support being offered to couseworks Downside other women who may have happened to be in research review College, a sorority at one time. This is the importance writing St. Clair College certainly the most vitriol that I have ever seen on this site. On at least a weekly basis, there is clothing linked to research review article Clifton by posters that I wouldn’t be caught dead in, but I’d never post a comment to that effect or use the fact that you want to argumentative language City School purchase a god-awful purse to form a judgment on who you are (and more importantly, what kind of employee you are).

Life is research review Clifton College hard enough as a professional woman, especially for how to article Vrije Universiteit, those who are just beginning their careers, without us ripping each other down. OP, just put it on your resume. If you are competent in research review Clifton College, other areas that are important for your field, you’ll be fine. In fact, it may be a bonus if leadership is something you have a passion for and want to continue pursuing throughout your education and career. If you get rejected because you were in a sorority, I wouldn’t be upset about not going to write article for school Vrije Amsterdam school there. Research Article College! And even though the economy in the toilet, I still think there is something to how to article Vrije Amsterdam be said for being true to review Clifton yourself. As someone from couseworks School outside of the US, everything I know about sororities I learned from Legally Blonde the Sweet Valley twins. It gives off a very negative connotation to associate yourself with one. ‘Greek’ means something other than someone from Greece? You learn something every day. I learned many amazing lessons being president of my sorority.

It can be a leadership experience – no reason not to research College list it as such. I was president of write a newspaper Universiteit my sorority chapter. I was also the greek-wide community service/philanthropy chair for Panhellenic. Both of these positions required a huge amount of work, and research review article Clifton College both were on my resume when I applied for couseworks Downside, law school and for summer associate positions. That was in the “good ol’ days” of BigLaw hiring, but I think I would do the same today. I interview now and research Clifton leadership is important to me. The Importance Of Education Essay St. Clair College! In fact, by the time I’m interviewing during callbacks, the article College minimum academic requirement hurdles have already been met, so it’s actually all about independent Grier “fit” — and leadership is a big piece of whether you’re going to “fit.” I went straight from research Clifton College undergrad to couseworks Downside School law school, so my undergrad “activities” were needed on my resume. If I were applying for a lateral or in-house position now, I probably would not include my greek affiliation.

I think the research article College type of experience as an officer in the importance of education essay writing College, a greek organization can be relevant; such as Treasurer or VP Finance or some similar title, and responsible for a budget, A/P and A/R, contracts, insurance, payroll, etc. A large chapter (400 women) of a sorority with a physical house to live in can have a budget of over a million dollars. Additionally, during an interview process, a Greek affiliation can be the common point of interest that sparks conversation and creates a memory that helps you stand out review Clifton College, from the the importance essay writing College other top tier, high GPA candidates. Completely disagree. Research Review College! If you held a position in Milano, your sorority and it is something you are proud of, put it on your resume. I am a current masters student and review College was president of my sorority. I have had plenty of internship interviews and they are always happy to see that I had a leadership role within my sorority. If you didn’t do anything within your sorority then I dont see a real reason to put anything. I got around this question by detailing what I did while holding an office in St. Clair College, my sorority (coordinating major events, overseeing committees, writing newsletters, establishing a database of alumnae).

I don’t think focusing on your experiences significant to your chosen career path would be a detriment. Also. . . I know several lovely and talented sorority girls who are now lovely, talented, and review Clifton successful lawyers and an essay Hill International businesswomen. Ultimately, include it or don’t. . . just don’t loose sleep over it. I think if worded correctly and presented in College, a manner where one would take you seriously then yes, being able to say “I was in an extra curriculative community service driven group managed a full work load of 15, 17 or even 21 hrs” is very valuable. What alot of you non Panhellanic people do not understand is that the how to article for school Universiteit traditional judgmental outlook on greeks back in the day and research review article Clifton College what you see from Hollywood, is all wrong. Easy Writing Istituto Milano! In order to even make it into a sorority you must have a certain GPA some chapters require higher ones then others. You must be able to maintain your GPA in review Clifton, order to the importance writing College be able to stay in article Clifton College, Greek life. Greek life is not all social activities, the meetings every week are legit, bilaws are read and minutes are kept just like business meetings in the work force.

I’ve been in a few corporate meetings to tell you that is true. Of Education Essay Writing College! Being able to show that you can get along with people and that you work well as a team is a huge bonus when looking for review Clifton College, a well rounded employee. No one wants to hire someone who puts out bad PR. To me, the leadership shown in Greek life such as, being over easy samples Istituto, the financials for that schools chapter or being the president of that chapter is the same if not better then managing 5 – 10 people at a fast-food restaurant. I don’t understand why a schools faculty would hate sororities when they are the research Clifton College very ones who are mostly involved with SAA student alumni association. They are the language of London School ones who put the spirit into school spirit. They support their college by review article Clifton, volunteering when the school needs help taking money at couseworks School the table at a basketball game, or needs extra help in the concession stand at football games. A lot of the work they do is behind the review article scenes but they really try hard to keep what they fell in love with at Downside School the school, alive. OMG OMG OMG. Article Clifton! You are also a wildcat.

I’m gonna be a sophomore in a week :p. I was searching for pumps for upcoming school events and probably future interviews, so I found your website… Then I couldn’t stop reading your articles. They are really helpful and writing Istituto Marangoni insightful in many ways. Anyways, thanks for review Clifton College, sharing! :D :D :D. And I’m also a GDI now but considering to rush some business frat this year…

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Import MySQL Dumpfile, SQL Datafile Into My Database. H ow can I import a MySQL dumpfile into research College my database? I’m using CentOS Linux 5 server. My old hosting provider gave me a data.sql file and how we can write an essay, I do have access to my Unix / Linux server via ssh. So How do I restore my data using command line over the ssh session? Step #1: Upload File To MySQL Server. You can upload data.sql file using the review Clifton College, sftp or scp command, enter: The data.sql file will be uploaded to easy essay samples Istituto /home/vivek directory. Avoid using /tmp or Apache document directory such as /var/www/html as anyone can see your data on the remote server.

Type the following command at the shell prompt: Replace with actual server name or an IP address. Type the following command to import sql data file: $ mysql -u username -p -h localhost DATA-BASE-NAME data.sql. In this example, import ‘data.sql’ file into article Clifton College ‘blog’ database using vivek as username: $ mysql -u vivek -p -h localhost blog data.sql. If you have a dedicated database server, replace localhost hostname with with actual server name or IP address as follows: $ mysql -u username -p -h databasename data.sql. OR use hostname such as

$ mysql -u username -p -h database-name data.sql. If you do not know the database name or database name is included in sql dump you can try out something as follows: $ mysql -u username -p -h data.sql. A Note About Creating A New Database and Importing Data. In this example create a mysql database called foo and import data from bar.sql.gz as follows: mysql -u root -p -h localhost.

gunzip bar.sql.gz ls -l mysql -u root -p -h localhost foo bar.sql. You can also create a username and password for foo database using the following syntax: mysql -u root -p -h localhost. Page last updated at 4:37 PM, January 6, 2012. The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting.

He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and independent School, space research, and the nonprofit sector. Review Clifton! Follow him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+. Share this on (or read 64 comments/add one below): Your support makes a big difference: I have a small favor to essay ask. More people are reading the nixCraft. Research Article Clifton College! Many of you block advertising which is Downside School your right, and article Clifton College, advertising revenues are not sufficient to cover my operating costs. So you can see why I need to ask for your help.

The nixCraft, takes a lot of how we can write The Mount, International, my time and hard work to produce. If everyone who reads nixCraft, who likes it, contributes to review support it with donations: If you’re having troubles try removing the space between -u and the username (eg: -uusername), -p and the password (eg: -ppassword), -h and the host (eg: -h11.11.11.11) Worked like a charm! I did have to easy writing Istituto remove the spaces as Cameron suggested (thanks). I’m running Fedora Core 7. I have decicated server and I was using all the research review Clifton College, time phpMyAdmin … that was terrible…. now I import DB in easy essay Marangoni Milano, 2 sek :D. THX a lot for research review this very important for City of London Freemen's School me command :) Same here. phpmyadmin needed 10 mins. College! And now…well below 3 seconds.

So awesome. if you want to import an coursework Grier UTF8 database you can use this command. $mysql -u databaseuser -p -h localhost –default-character-set=utf8 databasename sqlfile.sql. This fixed a ‘2006 Mysql went away’ error for me. Review Article Clifton! When I was importing a large dump file. Thanks! Thanks to Cameron James. Removing the spaces did it for a newspaper Vrije Universiteit me as well.

Fought with that sucker for almost 4 hours… thanx a lot for this script. and thanks cephalex for utf8 option. can anyone help me how to start using php in linux?i already installed it but i do not know how to article run it using command line. and one more thing how to convert data from pcap to mysql? please give me a hint on how to start the program. Very nice tut ! I just moving from another host to a new one. This commands works perfectly :) Thx a lot ;) Very usefull tips.

If Your Using Red Hat Linux, mysql -u username -p -h localhost data-base-name data.sql. tnx … easy to understanc. go to mysql folder and how we can write an essay The Mount, Mill International, execute this command: [[emailprotected] mysql]# bin/mysql [Database Name] /home/sandeep/software/[file-name].sql. [[emailprotected]’ is not recognized as an internal or external command,

perable program or batch file. /bin/mysql [Database Name] /home/sandeep/software/[file-name].sql. That is the proper command. I installed oracle 11g, but I want to know who do I create database table in it and also describe me about how to type command to see the database table in article Clifton, Sql. I want to add a “login” feature to my website, that consists of an email address, password and couseworks, a unique user ID. The feature should also be able to store the names, send an research article email verification reply, provide for emailing the user for forgotten passwords, etc. plz replay me on the importance essay writing St. Clair College, my mail id. I am totally new at mysql data base and php script. thx a lot, it’s very helpfull for me. Thanks alot for review article Clifton these. Its helped me out of easy samples Istituto, a big jam that I was in..

mysql -u username -p data-base-name data.sql. the above statement running but tables are not created in database. mysql -u username -p data-base-name data.sql. gives error , can u help me. ERROR 1227 (42000) at review article College line 500: Access denied; you need the write a newspaper for school Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, SUPER privilege for this operation on win. How can I import a MySQL dumpfile into my database? am using windows.. You have to get the mySql dump file.

-Copy the dump file to MySql instalation directoryMySql Server x.xbin. -Open command prompt, and go to MySql instalation directoryMySql Server x.xbin directory. -Run “mysql -uroot -ppassword databaseName dumpFileName.sql IMPORTANT: dont leave spaces between -u and user or -p and password… -add mysql from MySql instalation directoryMySql Server x.xbin to system enviorment variables. -Open command prompt and go to research article the directory where your dump file is. -Run mysql -uroot -ppassword databaseName dumpFileName.sql IMPORTANT: dont leave spaces between -u and user or -p and password… yeah, everywhere instructions how to import sql file when it is stored in easy Istituto Marangoni Milano, web server, but nowhere when it is stored in desktop. Research Review Article! absolutly no one give us command how to upload stupid mysql file from desktop to web server without phpmyadmin.

I use Joomla 1.0.x CMS, and they have plugin to export but there is no import button in plugin and I don’t have command. Upload file to your server using ftp or sftp client. Once uploaded run above mysql command. OK, nearly there, so thanks to can write an essay The Mount, Hill the author and those who followed up in the comments. Research Review Article! One question, though–how to couseworks add my sql dump (call it create.sql) to a specific table in the DB? I have four existing tables in the database and research review College, don’t need/want to change them. I also have a newly created table (call it $xx_table) in which I wish to dump the data from couseworks create.sql.

Any ideas? The commands are same. Let us say your table name is page , database name is research review College wikidb and a newspaper for school Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, dump file is called page.sql . To import page.sql into review article Clifton College table type: The above command will delete all data from page table and will import a new set of data from page.sql. Hope this helps! here is detailed instruction:) I had to upload rdesign.sql file to School my root folder at article Clifton College server, then I had to find PATH for it, it is usually written in easy essay samples Istituto Marangoni, FTP client (I use WinSCP), path is article Clifton this srv/www/virtual/blabla, instead of how we Mill Hill, blabla write your domain name. instead of localhost rdesign write localhost your database name. so: mysql -u yourdatabaseusername -p -h localhost rdesign /srv/www/virtual/org.blabla.blabla/rdesign.sql.

after that I had to research Clifton College type password for database, and job is finished. my problem is that I don#039;t have phpmyadmin and couseworks, server upload is limited to 5MB (therefore I can#039;t use Joomla mysql plugins) and my database file is 9MB, therefore I had to use Putty. Thanks man, that tip saved me lots of research review Clifton College, frustrations. can anybody know how to essay Istituto import vhdl(x-vhdl) document which is research review article Clifton College mysql dump file i have downloaded from independent School server into mysql database ? For me (xampp on Xp) this worked: mysql -uusername -ppassword -hlocalhost data-base-name data.sql. Note: your *.sql file must be in research review College, /xampp/

You only really need to remove the space from the -p option. mysql -u user -ppassword dabatase database.sql. or just omit the the importance of education essay writing College, password altogether and let mysql prompt you for it ie. mysql -u user -p database.sql. then enter password at prompt. how can i import php db into linux. i am using ubuntu. The only research article Clifton, thing missing is the importance of education essay St. Clair College how to research article Clifton College tell mysql where to put the extract of the dump file. I already have space assigned for my database, but it isn’t /var/lib/mysql where it keeps trying to extract it so I run out of room on root. The mount point with lots of room is in the same path as where the database was on the old box and the –datadir also points to couseworks that mount point.

the command “mysql_install_db –datadir=” and related command line instructions are what had it dumping the databases in the old home. properly defining the location in the my.conf file ‘broke’ mysql all together in this instance (couldn’t read .tmp, or create/write to research review Clifton College just some files in the destination, though it did create a bunch) Root cause: assuming that mysql could work in a proper security model of rights assignments. While it had full rights to the directory within the mount point, no rights of any sort (=000) had been assigned at the mount point. I haven’t tested what the minimum rights are, but clearly they are well beyond what should be needed as from easy writing Istituto Milano a security point of review article College, view, the intermediate directories should not require any rights. Novell has had this proper model working in NetWare for couseworks Downside decades, why can’t we do this in article College, the Linux world? thank for hte information but where is the script. Thanks.

This was very helpful. School! A quick reminder. Do keep up the good work. DO NOT direct the contents of research College, a large SQL dump to easy samples mysql with like in this article: mysql -u username -p -h localhost data-base-name data.sql. This will probably fail if your database is huge (like mine, its about 1.5gb) instead use this approach: mysql -h localhost -u [mysqlusername]

Enter password: [your pass] This will handle huge files with no problems. Thanks Ejth – I was scouring the web for a large file solution and had completely forgot about this approach; your refresher was timely and HUGELY helpful. =o) i used “mysql -u username -p pass databasename file_new.sql and found error.

You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the research article Clifton, manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near.. use mysql -u username -p databasename file_new.sql. That will prompt you for the password and is more secure as the College, password will not be stored in plain-text in review article College, your bash history. If you want to supply the coursework, password, simply remove the space after -p and the the password, so -pyourpassword. I saw lots of Clifton, articles showing how you can import the dump file back to of London School mySQL when the dump file is research review article .sql. What happen to me is couseworks School that my provider provided a XML version of the dump file using the -X switch of the mysqldump program and research article, I have totally no idea how I can import that entire database of the dump file which is 3GB in language Freemen's, compressed tar form! Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you for the guidance. It seems what really works is.

mysql -u user -ppassword. mysql -u user -p password. I hope the research review article Clifton, author can change the initial document. It took me about 30 minutes to understand I should remove the space. ERROR 1153 (08S01) at line 17005: Got a packet bigger than ‘max_allowed_packet’ bytes.

use this approach instead, as i mentioned in how to write a newspaper Universiteit Amsterdam, my previous post the method mentioned in this article has problems with huge imports: mysql -h localhost -u [mysqlusername] Enter password: [your pass] Just wanna thank EJTH – only his method worked for me. How can I make a sql file, where is stored my database, using mysql command line? Thanks a lot.

I was missing the -h in the command. $ mysql -u username -p -h localhost data-base-name data.sql. forgot how to do this off the top of my head. this post came up on google. just saved my ass. thanks guys. It was really helpful to import database using command line. Thank you very much ;-) Tried everything, I am having the following error while importing a mysql db dump on research article, command line. the file is a newspaper article for school Universiteit Amsterdam around over 300 MB. I have imported the same file in article, centos a while ago.

But now having this problem. Any help plz, I can’t change the of education writing St. Clair, db dump file. “error 1064 (42000) you have an error in review College, your sql syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your mysql server version.” As i stated in my previous comment this method is Grier School more correct, and works better on article Clifton, large database dumps: # mysql -h localhost -u [mysqlusername] Enter password: [your pass] Under what circumstances would I use mysqlimport rather than mysql -u -p file.sql? I make changes to my database locally, dump the relevant tables to a file, upload it to the server and import the dumped file to the existing database.

So far I#039;ve noticed the tables that get dumped are the only ones to be affected on the production server, which is what I want, so why is there a different command (mysqlimport) to do the same function mysql is doing?? How to import a dmp (data.dmp) file into MySql or oracle database. can any one tell me the exact way, how to import it….. Very good post. Reallly appreciate it. But may you give me instructions what do I need to change to make the /%postname%.html structure works? I am using Fedora 17. I had a dump(.xz extension) of easy essay writing Marangoni Milano, approximately 5GB. I extracted it, it unpacked around 127GB. Now I started imported it with command,

mysql -u root -p -h localhost multidb.sql. it prompted for password, I typed password, since then around 17 hours has been passed upto now, it has stuck there, no further process is happening, no info, but system has become little bit slow. May anybody please let me suggest some way to ensure whether some process is happening or not? Where does the imported data stored in filesystem? If i would interrupt the process, will all the research review Clifton, imported would be lost? is how to a newspaper Vrije Amsterdam it a atomic process? When you import a file is research review article College there a way to how to write a newspaper for school Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam include the research review article Clifton, comments? I used the mysql -u root -p -h localhost databasename sqlfile_from_mysqldump.sql and easy essay writing samples, it worked. :) I use the below command in linux shell. mysql -u xxx -p somefile.sql.

somefile.sql has only a set of update queries. How do I ensure all the update performed perfectly? Thanks for review Clifton College your help… I have a existing database my_demo whose table data and number of samples Istituto Milano, table count are different from my_demo_pre , ie number of table are less in research article, my_demo_pre than my_demo . when i try to load the hole database dump file ie my_demo_pre .sql in my_demo database it load the data, the no of table in my_demo should be same my_demo_pre database ,but it have more table than my_demo_pre ie similar th my_demo (i use both by couseworks School mysql and source command). Review Article! i want the solution who to load data in a existing database that newly loaded database have same like the database whose dump i load. Plz help me in this case……

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control essay gun ( Kan. J.L. Pub. Pol'y , Winter 1995, at 17) Clayton E. Cramer. The historical record provides compelling evidence that racism underlies gun control laws #151; and not in any subtle way.

Throughout much of American history, governments openly stated that gun control laws were useful for keeping blacks and review article College, Hispanics in their place and for quieting the racial fears of whites. Racist arms laws predate the establishment of the United States. Downside! This is not surprising. Blacks in research review Clifton, the New World were often slaves, and revolts against couseworks Downside slave owners often degenerated into less selective forms of racial warfare. The perception that free blacks were sympathetic to article Clifton College the plight of their enslaved brothers and the dangerous example that blacks could actually handle freedom often led New World governments to disarm all blacks, both slave and free. Starting in of London, 1751, the French Black Code required Louisiana colonists to article Clifton College stop any blacks and, if necessary, beat any black carrying any potential weapon, such as a cane. Independent Coursework School! (1) If a black refused to stop on demand and was on research College, horseback, the colonist was authorized to shoot to kill. (2) In Louisiana, the fear of Indian attack and the importance of hunting to how we can write an essay Hill the colonial economy necessitated that slaves sometimes possess firearms. The colonists had to balance their fear of the Indians against research article Clifton College their fear of coursework Grier School their slaves. As a result, French Louisiana passed laws that allowed slaves and free blacks to possess firearms only research review article College under very controlled conditions. (3) Similarly, in the sixteenth century the colony of New Spain, terrified of black slave revolts, prohibited all blacks, free and slave, from carrying arms. (4) Often the relationship between racism and independent coursework Grier, gun control was direct and obvious. On other occasions the connection was more complex.

One example of article Clifton College a complex relationship between economic struggle, slavery, and possession of arms can be found in seventeenth-century Virginia. The aristocratic power structure of colonial Virginia confronted a political challenge from lower class whites. Essay Writing! These poor whites resented how the review article, men who controlled the government used that power to concentrate wealth into a small number of hands. These wealthy feeders at the government trough would have disarmed poor whites, but the can write The Mount, Mill, threat of both Indian and research Clifton, pirate attack made this impractical; all white men were armed and how we an essay The Mount, International, had to be armed. (5) Instead of empowering poor whites, blacks, who had occupied a poorly defined status between indentured servant and slave, were reduced to hereditary chattel slavery. In this way poor whites could be economically advantaged without the upper class having to give up its privileges. (6) In the Haitian Revolution of the 1790s, the slave population successfully threw off their French masters.

As the Revolution degenerated into a race war, existing fears increased in article Clifton College, the French Louisiana colony and among whites in coursework Grier School, the American slave states. Research Article Clifton! (7) When the first U.S. official arrived in New Orleans in 1803 to of London School take charge of the new American possession, the planters sought to have the existing free black militia disarmed and Clifton, otherwise exclude free blacks from positions in which they were required to City Freemen's School bear arms. This exclusion included such nonmilitary functions as slave-catching crews. (8) The New Orleans city government also stopped whites from teaching fencing to free blacks, and then, when free blacks sought to teach fencing, the city similarly prohibited their efforts as well. (9) Restrictions on slave possession of arms in the North American English colonies go back a very long way as well. Research Review Article Clifton College! Arms restrictions on free blacks in slave states, while present, at least allowed free blacks to obtain a license to possess a gun in their homes, or with good reason, to Downside School even carry a gun. Whites were not similarly restricted. Arms restrictions on free blacks increased dramatically after Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831 caused the South to become increasingly irrational in its fears. Review Clifton College! (10) In response to independent coursework Grier Turners Rebellion, the Virginia Legislature made it illegal for free blacks to keep or carry any firelock of any kind, any military weapon, or any powder or lead. (11) In addition, the existing law under which free blacks were occasionally licensed to possess or carry arms was repealed, thus making arms possession completely illegal for free blacks. (12) But even before this action by the Virginia Legislature, in the aftermath of Turner's Rebellion, the discovery that a free black family possessed lead shot for use as scale weights, but did not have powder or a weapon in which to College fire it, was considered sufficient reason for a frenzied mob to discuss summary execution of the owner. (13) The fear of armed blacks had become so extreme that dogs were considered weapons.

Maryland prohibited free blacks from owning dogs without a license and authorized any white to kill an unlicensed dog owned by can write an essay The Mount,, a free black. (14) Mississippi went further and prohibited any ownership of a dog by a black person, without even a provision for licensed ownership. (15) Provisions in the 1834 Tennessee Constitution further reveal whites' increasing fear of College armed blacks. Article XI, Section 26 of the 1796 Tennessee Constitution read: That the freemen of this State have a right to keep and to bear arms for their common defence. (16) The 1834 constitution was revised to: That the free white men of this State have a right to keep and to a newspaper article Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam bear arms for their common defence. (17) It is not clear what else could have motivated this change other than Turner's bloody insurrection. The year before the research review article Clifton, new constitution was adopted, the easy essay writing samples Marangoni, Tennessee Supreme Court had recognized the research review College, right to Downside bear arms as an review article, individual guarantee, but there is no evidence that this decision caused the change. (18) Other court decisions during the antebellum period were unambiguous about the importance of race. In State v. Couseworks! Huntly, the North Carolina Supreme Court recognized that the North Carolina Constitution guaranteed a right to carry arms, as long as such arms were carried in a manner not likely to frighten people. (19) The following year the North Carolina Supreme Court decided State v. Newsom. The full significance of the Newsom decision would not be apparent until after the Civil War and passage of the Fourteenth Amendment. Review Article Clifton College! An 1840 statute provided: That if any free negro, mulatto, or free person of color, shall wear or carry about his or her person, or keep in his or her house, any shot gun, musket, rifle, pistol, sword, dagger or bowie-knife, unless he or she shall have obtained a licence therefor from the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of his or her county, within one year preceding the wearing, keeping or carrying thereof, he or she shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and may be indicted therefor. (20) Elijah Newsom, a free person of color, was indicted under the Statute in Cumberland County in June of how we an essay The Mount, Mill 1843 for carrying a shotgun without a license #151; at the very time the North Carolina Supreme Court was deciding Huntly . (21) A jury convicted Newsom, but the trial judge directed a not guilty verdict, and College, the state appealed to of education essay writing St. Clair College the North Carolina Supreme Court. (22) Newsom's attorney argued that the Clifton, Statute, which required free blacks to obtain a license to Downside School keep and bear arms, violated both the Second Amendment to review article College the U.S.

Constitution and the North Carolina Constitution's similar guarantee. (23) The North Carolina Supreme Court refused to independent coursework Grier accept that the Second Amendment was a limitation on state laws. The court, however, also had to deal with the problem of review College its own state constitutional guarantees, which had been used in of education essay, deciding the Huntly decision the year before. Article seventeen of the 1776 North Carolina Constitution declared: That the people have a right to bear arms, for the defence of the State; and, as standing armies, in review, time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, they ought not to be kept up; and that the military should be kept under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. (24) The Newsom court asserted that: We cannot see that the act of 1840 is in write a newspaper, conflict with it. . . . The defendant is not indicted for carrying arms in defence of the State, nor does the act of 1840 prohibit him from so doing. (25) But in Huntly , the court had acknowledged that the seemingly restrictive language for the defence of the State included an research article Clifton College, individual right. (26) The Newsom court then attempted to justify the necessity of this law: Its only object is to preserve the peace and safety of the community from being disturbed by an indiscriminate use, on ordinary occasions, by free men of color, of fire arms or other arms of an offensive character. Self preservation is the first law of nations, as it is of individuals. Downside! (27) The North Carolina Supreme Court also sought to repudiate the idea that North Carolina's Bill of Rights protected free blacks by pointing out that it excluded free blacks from voting.

Therefore, the court reasoned, free blacks were not citizens. But unlike a number of other state constitutions that limit the right to keep and bear arms to citizens , (28) Article seventeen of the North Carolina Bill of Rights guaranteed this right to the people (29) #151; and try as hard as they might, it was difficult to argue that a free person of article Clifton College color, in the words of the court, was not one of the people. It is one of the great ironies that, in much the same way that the North Carolina Supreme Court recognized a right to essay Istituto Marangoni Milano bear arms in 1843 #151; then a year later declared that free blacks were not included #151; the research Clifton, Georgia Supreme Court did likewise before the writing College, close of the decade. The Georgia Supreme Court found in Nunn v. Research Review Clifton College! State that a statute prohibiting the sale of independent coursework concealable handguns, sword-canes, and daggers violated the research Clifton, Second Amendment: The right of the whole people, old and young, men, women and the importance College, boys, and research article College, not militia only, to keep and bear arms of every description, and not such merely as are used by the militia , shall not be infringed , curtailed, or broken in upon, in the smallest degree; and all this for the important end to be attained: the rearing up and the importance of education essay, qualifying a well-regulated militia, so vitally necessary to the security of a free State. Our opinion is, that any law, State or Federal, is repugnant to the Constitution, and void, which contravenes this right , originally belonging to our forefathers, trampled under foot by Charles I. and his two wicked sons and successors, reestablished by the revolution of 1688, conveyed to this land of liberty by the colonists, and finally incorporated conspicuously in our own Magna Charta! And Lexington, Concord, Camden, River Raisin, Sandusky, and the laurel-crowned field of New Orleans, plead eloquently for article Clifton this interpretation! (30) Finally, after this paean to liberty #151; in can write International, a state where much of the population remained enslaved and forbidden by law to possess arms of any sort #151; the court defined the research review article Clifton College, valid limits of laws restricting the bearing of arms: We are of the opinion, then, that so far as the act of 1837 seeks to suppress the practice of carrying certain weapons secretly , that it is valid, inasmuch as it does not deprive the citizen of his natural right of self-defence, or of his constitutional right to keep and bear arms.

But that so much of it, as contains a prohibition against how to a newspaper article Universiteit bearing arms openly , is in conflict with the Constitution, and void . . . . (31) Citizen? Within a single page, the court had gone from right of the whole people, old and young, men, women and article College, boys to the much more narrow right of a citizen. The motivation for this sudden narrowing of the right #151; that blacks were not citizens #151; appeared two years later. Cooper and Worsham v. Mayor of Savannah was not principally a right to keep and of education St. Clair College, bear arms case.

In 1839, the city of Savannah, Georgia, in an admitted effort to research review prevent the increase of free persons of color in our city, had established a one hundred dollar per coursework, year tax on free blacks moving into Savannah from research Clifton College, other parts of Georgia. Samuel Cooper and a newspaper for school Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Hamilton Worsham, two free persons of color, were convicted of College failing to pay the samples Istituto, tax and were jailed. (32) On appeal, counsel for Cooper and Worsham argued that the ordinance establishing the tax was deficient in a number of technical areas. (33) Of most interest to article Clifton us is counsel's assertion that [i]n Georgia, free persons of how we can write Hill color have constitutional rights. . . . (34) Cooper and Worsham's counsel argued that these included the right to writ of habeas corpus, the right to own real estate, the right to be subject to taxation, and the right to sue and be sued. Their counsel cited a number of precedents under Georgia law in defense of their position. Research Review Clifton! (35) Justice Warner delivered the court's opinion. One portion of the opinion shows the fundamental relationship between citizenship, arms, and elections, and why gun control laws were an Downside School, essential part of defining blacks as non-citizens: Free persons of color have never been recognized here as citizens; they are not entitled to bear arms, vote for members of the legislature, or to hold any civil office. (36) The Georgia Supreme Court did agree that the ordinance jailing Cooper and Worsham for nonpayment was illegal and ordered their release, (37) but the comments of the court make it clear that their brave words in Nunn v. State about the research article, right of the people really only meant white people. (38) Finally, in the infamous Dred Scott decision, the U.S.

Supreme Court showed that it shared this understanding that citizenship excluded blacks and explained the relationship between citizenship and the carrying of how to a newspaper Vrije Universiteit arms: It would give to persons of the negro race, who were recognized as citizens in any one State of the Union, the right to Clifton College enter every other State whenever they pleased, singly or in companies, without pass or passport, and without obstruction, to write a newspaper for school Vrije sojourn there as long as they pleased, to go where they pleased at every hour of the day or night without molestation, unless they committed some violation of law for which a white man would be punished; and article, it would give them the full liberty of speech in public and in private upon all subjects upon which its own citizens might speak; to hold public meetings upon political affairs, and to keep and carry arms wherever they went . And all of this would be done in the face of the subject race of the Grier, same color, both free and slaves, inevitably producing discontent and insubordination among them, and endangering the peace and safety of the State. (39) While settled parts of the South were in great fear of armed blacks, concerns about Indian attack often forced relaxation of these rules on Clifton, the frontier. The 1798 Kentucky Comprehensive Act allowed slaves and free blacks on frontier plantations to keep and School, use guns, powder, shot, and weapons, offensive and defensive. (40) Unlike whites, however, free blacks and slaves were required to article have a license to argumentative City of London School carry weapons. Research Article Clifton! (41) Blacks needed to carry arms for argumentative City of London self-defense not only against criminal attacks that any person, white or black, might worry about, but they also needed arms for protection against the additional hazard of review article being kidnapped and sold into coursework, slavery. Review Article! (42) A number of states, including Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and couseworks, Wisconsin, passed laws specifically to prohibit kidnapping of free blacks. These states were concerned that the Federal Fugitive Slave Laws would be used as cover for re-enslavement. (43) The end of slavery in research review Clifton College, 1865 did not eliminate the problems of independent School racist gun control laws. The various Black Codes adopted after the Civil War required blacks to obtain a license before carrying or possessing firearms or bowie knives. These Codes are sufficiently well-known that any reasonably complete history of the review Clifton College, Reconstruction period mentions them. The Importance Essay St. Clair! These restrictive gun laws played a part in provoking Republican efforts to get the Fourteenth Amendment passed. (44) Republicans in Congress apparently believed that it would be difficult for night riders to provoke terror in freedmen who were returning fire.

It appears that the Fourteenth Amendments requirement to review Clifton treat blacks and whites equally before the law led to the adoption of how we can write International restrictive firearms laws in the South that were equal in the letter of the law, but unequally enforced. Review! It is clear that the vagrancy statutes adopted in the importance, 1866, the research review, same year the arms control laws were adopted, were intended to coursework Grier be used against research review College blacks, even though the language was race-neutral. (45) The former states of the independent coursework Grier, Confederacy, many of which had recognized the article Clifton College, right to carry arms openly before the Civil War, developed a greater willingness to qualify that right after the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment. One especially absurd example of language City how far a state was willing to go to qualify the right to bear arms, and one that includes strong evidence of the racist intentions behind gun control laws, is a decision made in Texas. In 1859 in Cockrum v. State, the Texas Supreme Court recognized that there was a right to carry defensive arms and that this right was protected under both the Second Amendment and Section Thirteen of the Texas Bill of Rights. (46) The outer limit of the state's authority (in this case, attempting to discourage the carrying of bowie knives) was that it could provide an enhanced penalty for manslaughters committed with bowie knives, but could not prohibit their being carried. (47) Yet, by 1872 in English v. State, the Texas Supreme Court denied that there was any right to carry any weapon for individual self-defense under either the state or federal constitutions. (48) Rather than explaining or justifying why the Cockrum decision was no longer valid, the court merely explained that the issue of the right to Clifton bear arms was not fairly before the court in Cockrum . (49) What caused the dramatic change? The following excerpt from the English decision reveals how racism permeated legal thinking: We will not say to what extent the early customs and habits of the people of this state should be respected and accommodated, where they may come in conflict with the ideas of intelligent and well-meaning legislators. A portion of our system of laws, as well as our public morality, is School derived from a people the most peculiar perhaps of any other in the history and article Clifton, derivation of its own system . Spain, at different periods of the world, was dominated over by the Carthagenians, the essay Istituto Milano, Romans, the Clifton College, Vandals, the Snovi, the Allani, the Visigoths, and Arabs; and to this day there are found in the Spanish codes traces of the laws and customs of each of these nations blended together in a system by no means to City Freemen's School be compared with the research article Clifton, sound philosophy and pure morality of the common law. Coursework School! (50)

Throughout the South during the post-war period, the existing precedents that recognized a right to openly carry arms under state constitutional provisions and Clifton, the Second Amendment were being narrowly construed or simply ignored. (51) The apparent goal of the independent coursework, gun control and vagrancy laws was to intimidate the freedmen into an economically subservient position. By making the freedmen defenseless, employers could be more confident that intimidation would keep their hired hands in line. Nor was the intent that led to these laws lost on judges in research review article Clifton, the North. In 1920, the Ohio Supreme Court upheld the conviction of a Mexican for carrying a concealed handgun #151; while he was asleep in his own bed. (52) Justice Wanamaker's scathing dissent criticized the precedents cited by the majority in defense of writing Istituto this absurdity: I desire to give some special attention to some of the authorities cited, supreme court decisions from Alabama, Georgia, Arkansas, Kentucky, and one or two inferior court decisions from New York, which are given in support of the doctrines upheld by this court. The southern states have very largely furnished the review article College, precedents. It is only necessary to observe that the how to a newspaper Amsterdam, race issue there has extremely intensified a decisive purpose to entirely disarm the negro, and this policy is evident upon review College, reading the Downside School, opinions . (53)

There are other examples of article Clifton College remarkable honesty from the state supreme courts on this subject. The finest is probably Florida Supreme Court Justice Buford's concurring opinion in Watson v. Stone. In Watson , a conviction for Grier carrying a handgun without a permit was overturned because the College, handgun was in the glove compartment of a car. (54) Justice Buford wrote: I know something of the history of write a newspaper article Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam this legislation. The original Act of review article College 1893 was passed when there was a great influx of negro laborers in this State drawn here for the purpose of how to write for school Universiteit Amsterdam working in turpentine and lumber camps. The same condition existed when the Act was amended in 1901 and the Act was passed for the purpose of Clifton disarming the negro laborers and to thereby reduce the unlawful homicides that were prevalent in how we an essay, turpentine and saw-mill camps and to give the research review article College, white citizens in sparsely settled areas a better feeling of security. The statute was never intended to argumentative of London Freemen's School be applied to the white population and in practice has never been so applied. (55) There is a shortage of such forthright statements of racist intent behind modern gun control laws. But has the research Clifton College, racist intent disappeared, or simply been recast into School, a more acceptable form? Robert Sherrill, at one time a correspondent for The Nation and a supporter of restrictive gun control laws, argued in his book The Saturday Night Special that fear of armed blacks was the major provocation of the Gun Control Act of 1968.

He argues: The Gun Control Act of research review article Clifton 1968 was passed not to control guns to but control blacks, and inasmuch as a majority of Congress did not want to do the former but were ashamed to show that their goal was the latter, the result was that they did neither. Indeed, this law, the first gun-control law passed by Congress in thirty years, was one of the grand jokes of our time. (56) Sherrill failed to provide smoking gun evidence for his claim, but there is no shortage of evidence of the level of how we can write International fear that gripped white America in the late 1960s. The California Legislature adopted a major new arms law in 1967, for research review article College the first time prohibiting the Grier School, open carrying of firearms in cities. (57) This law easily passed after the review, Black Panthers demonstrated against it #151; by walking into the Assembly Chamber carrying pistols, rifles, [and] at how to article for school Vrije Amsterdam, least one sawed-off shotgun. (58) This demonstration of course pushed the law through, in spite of significant opposition from conservative Republicans such as State Senator John G. Schmitz. (59) Another piece of evidence that corroborates Sherrills belief that both liberals and conservatives intended the Gun Control Act of review Clifton 1968 as race control more than gun control has recently been found.

There are strong similarities between the Gun Control Act of 1968 and the 1938 weapons law adopted by the importance of education essay writing College, Nazi Germany. (60) This similarity is no coincidence; one of the principal authors of the Gun Control Act of 1968 was Senator Thomas Dodd of Connecticut. After World War II, Dodd was assistant to the chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg war crime trials. Research Review Clifton! (61) Shortly before the Gun Control Act of 1968 was written, Dodd asked the Library of Congress to translate the 1938 German weapons law into English. Dodd supplied the German text. (62) Dodd was not a Nazi; he had a reputation as an aggressive federal prosecutor of civil rights violations. Furthermore, it seems unlikely that any sort of American Holocaust was intended. Nonetheless, it would not be surprising if Dodd found it convenient to argumentative language of London Freemen's adapt a law that had already proven its efficacy at College, disarming a minority group. Today is not 1968.

When proponents of restrictive gun control insist that their motivations are color-blind, there is a possibility that they are telling the truth. Nonetheless, there are some rather interesting questions that should be asked today. The most obvious is, Why should a police chief or sheriff have any discretion in issuing a concealed handgun permit? Here in California even the state legislature's research arm #151; hardly a nest of pro-gunners #151; has admitted that the vast majority of permits to can write The Mount, Hill International carry concealed handguns in California are issued to white males. (63) Even if overt racism is review article Clifton not an issue, an official may simply have more empathy with an applicant of a similar cultural background and consequently more closely relate to Marangoni the applicant's concerns. As my wife pointedly reminded a police official when we applied for concealed weapon permits, If more police chiefs were women, a lot more women would get permits, and would be able to defend themselves from rapists. The warrantless searches of private residences for guns in Chicago housing projects in review article College, early 1994 is another reminder of how racism and gun control remain intertwined. (If there are white people living in these projects, they are remarkably invisible in news media coverage). While these warrantless searches were finally blocked by the importance of education, a judge, the popular press was remarkably neutral in its coverage of the Clinton administrations advocacy of such an obvious violation of the Fourth Amendments protections against unreasonable searches.

President Clinton, after his warrantless search policy was struck down, explained his goals: Finally, we're going to work with residents in high-crime areas to permit the full range of searches that the Constitution does allow in common areas, in vacant apartments, and in circumstances where residents are in immediate danger. We'll encourage more weapons frisks of suspicious persons, and we'll ask tenant associations to put clauses in their leases allowing searches when crime conditions make it necessary. (64) The frisks of suspicious persons are a longstanding tradition used against research article College black Americans. School! Requiring housing project tenants to give up their constitutional protections against warrantless searches is astounding. Can you imagine the reaction if tenants were required to give up their right to free speech when crime conditions make it necessary? It is hard to imagine the government attempting something similar in a white suburb #151; at research review article Clifton College, least until the courts first find it constitutional in a black ghetto. The case might be made that the government attempted to make the tenants safe by unconstitutional means #151; that the intentions were good even if the methods were wrong. But even for the special case of housing projects, there are profound inconsistencies in easy essay writing Istituto, the policy. Research Article Clifton College! Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Henry Cisneros in a press conference on a newspaper article for school Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, February 4, 1994, attempted to review article College justify the warrantless searches as protecting the tenants of coursework Grier these crime-ridden projects. Cisneros, however, admitted that [c]rime statistics . Research Review Clifton College! . . show that public housing residents are not to blame for the reign of terror. A Newspaper For School! (65) A large majority of those arrested in housing projects were nonresidents. Clifton College! (66) It is therefore all the more amazing that the residents , who would presumably have much to fear from these armed nonresident criminals, are the ones that the Clinton administration seeks to disarm.

If we examine these Clinton administration policies as a pragmatic response to crime, we must ask: why disarm the likely victims of the criminals? But if we consider these inexplicable policies as the latest symptom of racist attitudes about violence, then these policies make much more sense. Gun control advocates today are not so foolish as to promote openly racist laws, but it is important to consider the relevance of racist gun control laws of the past. My concern is that past motivations for disarming blacks are really not so different from the motivations behind disarming law-abiding citizens today. In the last century, the rhetoric in support of such laws was that they (i.e., blacks) were too violent and too untrustworthy to be allowed weapons. Today, the easy samples Marangoni Milano, same elitist rhetoric regards law-abiding Americans the same way, as children in need of guidance from the review Clifton, government. While never openly admitted, one of the goals of disarming blacks was to how to a newspaper Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam make them more willing to accept various forms of economic oppression, such as the sharecropping system, in research article College, which free blacks were kept in an economic state not dramatically superior to slavery.

Even today, with open racism unacceptable in the mainstream of American politics, gun control still looks suspiciously concerned with issues of race. The Crime Bill of 1994, passed after a bruising fight in Congress, was opposed by an unlikely coalition in School, the House: most Republicans, some conservative Democrats, and research Clifton College, many black Democrats. The primary concern of the first two factions appears to have been the assault weapon ban. Black Democrats were concerned that the death penalty provisions would disproportionately affect blacks. The assault weapon ban provisions of the Crime Bill certainly reflected a widespread fear of armed inner-city blacks.

Much of its rhetoric was devoted to the dangers of these guns in the hands of gang members and other code phrases for poor blacks. But as a number of careful studies have found, assault weapons are seldomly misused criminally. (67) A Wall Street Journal editorial chided Congress for passage of a ban that, under the most charitable assumptions, would reduce murder and other violent crimes by a tiny fraction of 1%. (68) The Trenton, New Jersey assistant chief of police testified before Congress that his officers were more likely to confront an escaped tiger than a criminal with an write article for school, assault weapon. Review Article College! (69) Crime control was not the motivation for argumentative City of London the assault weapon ban. Supporters of the research article College, ban continually emphasized that hunting rifles would not be affected by the ban. Was this a subtle way of saying that the how to write Vrije Amsterdam, sort of guns owned by white Americans would not be affected? Hunting is a heavily rural activity in America, and not surprisingly, black hunters are relatively rare.

Similarly, an argument advanced by some pro-ban members of the Congress (notably Senator Campbell of article College Colorado) was that the law would only affect new manufacturing #151; existing owners could keep their guns. If the write a newspaper article for school Universiteit, effect of a similar 1986 ban on new machine gun manufacturing is any indication, the net effect of review article Clifton such an assault weapon ban will be to dramatically increase the price of existing weapons. A price increase further removes assault weapons from the financial reach of the poor, who are disproportionately black. What are the policy implications of restrictive gun control today? Increasingly, they are not aimed just at black people, or at the poor, but at the middle class. The forces that push for gun control are heavily (though not exclusively) allied with political factions that are committed to dramatic increases in taxation on an essay The Mount, International, the middle class. While it would be hyperbole to compare higher taxes on the middle class to the suffering and deprivation of review sharecropping or slavery, the couseworks Downside School, analogy of disarming those whom you wish to economically disadvantage has a certain worrisome validity to it.

Another point to consider is that under the American legal system certain classifications of governmental discrimination are considered constitutionally suspect, and these suspect classifications are subject to a strong presumption of invalidity ( e.g ., a law that made distinctions based on race, even if the distinction was nominally race-neutral in review, its effect). (70) These classifications are suspect because there is a long history of can write an essay Mill Hill governmental discrimination based on them, and because laws based on these classifications often impinge on fundamental rights. (71) In much the same way, gun control historically has been a tool of research review Clifton racism and associated with racist attitudes about black violence. Similarly, many gun control laws impinge on that most fundamental of rights: self-defense. Racism is so intimately tied to the history of gun control in America that we should regard gun control aimed at how to a newspaper for school Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, law-abiding people as a suspect idea and require that the research review article College, courts use the easy Istituto, same demanding standards when reviewing the constitutionality of a gun control law that they use with respect to a law that discriminates based on Clifton, race. Throughout the history of the United States, our courts have often avoided directly answering questions about the constitutional limits of gun control. As we have seen, this was sometimes done by insisting that the language City of London Freemen's, right of the people didn't include black people. Another strategy popular in the slave states was to claim that as long as openly carrying a firearm was legal, then the state could prohibit or regulate concealed carrying of review Clifton College a firearm. Yet another strategy was to dispute what arms were protected. The New York courts upheld the an essay Mill Hill International, Sullivan Act, which licensed the possession of research review handguns at home, on the basis that handguns were not a constitutionally protected arm #151; unlike a rifle or a shotgun. Such decisions have usually insisted that only how we can write an essay Mill International arms of the review article Clifton, soldier are protected by the Second Amendment, or the state constitutions equivalent provision.

In United States v. Cruikshank (a decision that emasculated the Ku Klux Klan Act), the U.S. Supreme Court decided that the Second Amendment is a limitation on the federal government only, not on the state governments. (72) This argument has been accepted by most (but not all) state supreme courts. (73) These sorts of question-begging approaches will not be available to the U.S. Supreme Court in the cases that will come before it shortly. The assault weapon ban in the 1994 Crime Bill prohibits new manufacture of a category of weapons that is more clearly protected by original intent and existing precedents than any other category of common privately owned arm: arms with a primarily military function and appearance.

Unlike Morton Groves handgun ban, (74) or California's Roberti-Roos Assault Weapons Control Act, (75) this law is independent coursework Grier federal, not state. Fourteenth Amendment incorporation is not necessary for Clifton College the Crime Bills ban to essay samples Milano be contrary to the Second Amendment. Similarly, the Administrations gun control policies with respect to public housing will create differential treatment between whites and blacks, simply because blacks are so overwhelmingly the residents of urban public housing projects. Will the Supreme Court apply the research review, same reasoning to writing St. Clair College the Second Amendment that they have with the First Amendment? Or will they continue a tradition of winking at the Second Amendment because the underlying policy of gun control is research review article based on racist assumptions? 1. Couseworks School! Thomas N. Ingersoll, Free Blacks in a Slave Society: New Orleans, 1718-1812 , 48 Wm. Mary Q. 173, 178-79 (1991). 3. Daniel H. Usner, Jr., Indians, Settlers, Slaves in a Frontier Exchange Economy: The Lower Mississippi Valley Before 1783, 165, 187 (1992). 4. Michael C. College! Meyer William L. Sherman, The Course of Mexican History 216 (4th ed. 1991).

5. Edmund S. Morgan, Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox , in Colonial America: Essays in Politics and easy essay writing Istituto Milano, Social Development 280 (Stanley N. Research Review! Katz et al. eds., 4th ed. 1993) 7. Benjamin Quarles, The Negro in the Making of easy essay writing samples Milano America 81 (3rd ed. 1987). 8. Ingersoll, supra note 1, at 198-200. 10. Stanley Elkins, Slavery 220 (3rd ed. Review! 1976). 11.

Nat Turner 115 (Eric Foner ed., 1971). 13. Harriet Jacobs [Linda Brant], Incidents in the Life of how we an essay a Slave Girl (1861), in The Classic Slave Narratives 333, 395-96 (Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Review Article Clifton College! ed., 1987). 14. Theodore Brantner Wilson, The Black Codes of the South 30 (1965). 16. 6 The Federal and State Constitutions, Colonial Charters, and Other Organic Laws of the States, Territories, and Colonies Now or Heretofore Forming The United States of America, 3424 (Francis Newton Thorpe, ed., 1909) [hereinafter The Federal and State Constitutions]. 17. Id . at St. Clair, 3428 (emphasis added).

18. Simpson v. State, 13 Tenn. 292, 295 (5 Yer.) (1833). 19. State v. Article! Huntly, 25 N.C. How We An Essay! 311, 314 (3 Ired.) (1843). 20. State v. Newsom, 27 N.C. 203, 203 note (5 Ired.) (1844). 24. 5 The Federal and State Constitutions, supra note 16, at 2788.

25. State v. Newsom, 27 N.C. Review Clifton! 203, 206 (5 Ired.) (1844). 26. State v. Huntly, 25 N.C. 311, 314 (3 Ired.) (1843). 27. Newsom , 27 N.C. at 206. 28.

1 The Federal and State Constitutions, supra note 16, at 538 (1818 Connecticut, Art. I, Sec. 17); 3 Id . at St. Clair, 1275 (1792 Kentucky, Art. XII, Sec. Review College! 23) and at 1290 (1799, Art. IX, Sec. 23); 3 Id . at 1648 (1819 Maine, Art. I, Sec. 16); 4 Id . at 2034 (1817 Mississippi, Art.

I, Sec. 23); 5 Id . at 3101 (1790 Pennsylvania, Art. IX, Sec. How We An Essay! 21, but see 5 Id . at 3083, 1776 Constitution, That the research review Clifton College, people have a right to bear arms. . . .); 6 Id . at 3543 (1836 Republic of Texas Declaration of Rights, Sec. 14) and at 3548 (1845 Texas Constitution, Art. I, Sec.

13). 30. Nunn v. State, 1 Ga. Independent Coursework! 243, 251 (1846). 32. Cooper v. Mayor of Savannah, 4 Ga. 68, 68 (1848). 38. 1 Ga. Research College! 243, 251 (1846) (upholding the right to bear arms). 39.

Dred Scott v. Of Education! Sandford, 60 U.S. 393, 417 (19 How.) (1857) (emphasis added). 40. Juliet E. Clifton! K. Walker, Free Frank: A Black Pioneer on the Antebellum Frontier 21 (1983) (quoting the statute). This is an inspiring biography of a slave who, through hard work moonlighting in the production of saltpeter and Downside School, land surveying, saved enough money to buy his wife, himself, and eventually all of review College his children and grandchildren out of slavery #151; while fighting against oppressive laws and vigorous racism. Most impressive of all, is Grier that he did it without ever learning to read or write.

42. Clifton! See id . at 73 (describing precautions free black families took to protect themselves from kidnappers). 43. Stephen Middleton, The Black Laws in the Old Northwest: A Documentary History, 27-32, 227-40, 309-14, 353-7, 403-4 (1993) (quoting statutes from Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin). 44. Michael Les Benedict, The Fruits of Victory: Alternatives to Restoring the how we can write The Mount, Hill International, Union, 1865-1877, 87 (1975) (quoting Louisiana statute); Francis L. Broderick, Reconstruction and the American Negro, 1865-1900, 36-37 (1969); Dan T. Carter, When The War Was Over: The Failure of Self-Reconstruction in the South, 1865-1867, 219-21 (1985) (describing confiscation of arms from blacks after the Civil War); Eric Foner, Reconstruction 258-9 (1988). 45. Review Clifton! See Foner, supra note 44, at of London School, 198-201. 46. 24 Tex.

394, 401-02 (1859). 48. 35 Tex. 473, 476-77, 478 (1872). 49. Id . at 476 (citing Cochrane [sic.] v. The State, 24 Tex. 394.) 50. Id . at 479-80 (emphasis added). 52. State v. Nieto, 130 N.E.

663, 663, 665 (1920). 53. Id . at 669 (emphasis added). 54. 4 So. Review Article Clifton! 2d 700, 702-03 (1941). 56. Robert Sherrill, The Saturday Night Special 280 (1973). 57. Assembly Office of Research, Smoking Gun: The Case For Concealed Weapon Permit Reform, 6 (1986). 58.

Capitol Is Invaded , Sacramento Bee, May 2, 1967, A1, A10. 59. Bill Barring Loaded Weapons In Public Clears Senate 29-7 , Sacramento Bee, July 27, 1967, A6. 60. Jim Simkin Aaron Zelman, Gun Control: Gateway to Tyranny 83 (1992) (providing the full text in German and English of the essay St. Clair, various weapons laws and regulations adopted by the Weimar Republic and the Nazis from 1928 to 1938 and comparing them to the Gun Control Act of 1968). 61. Sherrill, supra note 56, at 67. 62.

Jews for the Preservation of Firearms Ownership, The War on Gun Ownership Still Goes On! , Guns Ammo, May 1993, at 30-31. 63. Assembly Office of Research, supra note 57, at 5. 64. The President's Radio Address of Apr. 16, 1994, 30 Weekly Comp.

Pres. Doc. 823 (Apr. 16, 1994). 65. The Vice President, Secretary Henry Cisneros, Secretary Lloyd Bentsen, Attorney General Janet Reno and Director of Drug Policy Lee Brown, Press Briefing (Feb.

4, 1994) (transcript available from the White House Office of the Press Secretary). 67. Research Article Clifton College! Gary Kleck, Point Blank: Guns and Violence in America 75 (1991). 68. What Is an Assault Weapon? , Wall St.

J., Aug. 25, 1994, at how we Hill International, A12. 70. Research Review Article! Thomas G. Walker, Suspect Classifications , in Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the the importance of education essay writing St. Clair, United States 848 (Kermit L. Hall et al. eds., 1992). 72. 92 U.S. 542, 553 (1875).

73. See generally Clayton E. Cramer, For The Defense of Themselves And The State: The Original Intent Judicial Interpretation of the Right To Keep And Bear Arms 221-67 (1994) (surveying a number of state court decisions where gun restrictions were reviewed). 74. Morton Grove, Ill., Ordinance 81-11 (June 8, 1981). 75. Cal. Penal Code §§ 12275-90 (West 1992 Supp.