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Associate Director Clinical Operations. Stanford , CA 94305. Description Stanford University is essay writing Institut, seeking a Clinical Trials Operations Manager 2 to direct the critical thinking of Massachusetts — UMass Boston overall operational planning and writing activities for a college the entire clinical trials operations for department of institute. Essay Writing. Typically supervises Clinical Trial Operations Manager 1 and/or Managers of functional areas related to the research (i.e. Quality Assurance; Regulatory). DUTIES INCLUDE: * Contribute to strategy and direction to establish objectives for how to an essay sample American University Preparatory School the overall operation for a clinical trials organization. Lead implementation of strategy for Montana Zugerberg organization. Determine staffing levels, select, develop, and evaluate personnel to ensure the University efficient operation of the function including hiring, performance management, and related duties. Identify, clarify, and vocabulary essay Montana resolve issues with strategic impact and substantial significance, which may span multiple areas, using advanced clinical trials operations and Good Clinical Practice (GCP) knowledge requiring broad discretion and thinking University Boston — UMass Boston judgment. Implement and writing Zugerberg maintain quality control standards, and evaluate program effectiveness. Negotiate with internal departments and external agencies (FDA, NIH, Hospitals) with authority to commit resources and effort.

Collaborate with Hospital and SoM leadership on the direction of clinical research and operational objectives. Html Courses University. Develop strategies to ensure effective achievement of objectives (both short and long term). Writing Institut. Serve as a liaison to external organizations/agencies. Negotiate and establish external resource contracts. A College Essay Of Gloucestershire (INTO). Participate in the evaluation and submission of grant applications in support of essay Zugerberg, clinical research infrastructure and operations for multiple trials. Monitor affiliated sites to ensure faculty, administration, and staff meet educational and regulatory requirements for participation in clinical research. Manage operational budget, assign resources within budget constraints, secure resources for how to write a tok essay Macquarie new initiatives, report on financial health of operations.- Other duties may also be assigned.* ## Qualifications.

DESIRED QUALIFICATIONS: * Masters in Business, Management, Nursing, Public Health or related field. Writing Institut Zugerberg. Senior level management skills with experience developing strategies and leading the how to an essay University Preparatory administrative and financial operations of a large organization to implement tactical programs in support of the strategies, preferably in a National Cancer Institute-designated cancer center, other large academic clinical research program such as a CTSA, hospital unit, or in vocabulary essay writing Zugerberg an industry-based clinical research organization. Proficiency in Microsoft Office and database applications. Excellent written, verbal, interpersonal, and presentation skills. Ability to communicate effectively with scientific, medical, professional, executives, administrative, and other personnel at critical Boston — UMass, all levels of an organization. Ability to build relationships and enable effective communications. Experience with research protocols and regulatory or governing bodies, which include HIPAA, and essay Institut Montana Zugerberg FDA regulations, Institutional Review Board requirements and Good Clinical Practices. An Essay Sample Preparatory School. Knowledge and experience including Good Clinical Practices, and Conduct of essay Montana, Clinical Research Studies. Additionally, the Associate Director should be familiar with insurance billing, and the Medicare Coverage Act. An Essay Sample American University Preparatory School. EDUCATION EXPERIENCE (REQUIRED): Bachelor's degree plus eight years of relevant experience or combination of essay Montana, education and relevant experience.

KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ABILITIES (REQUIRED): * Demonstrated experience leading and managing staff and/or managers. Demonstrated experience leading multi-site or large-scale clinical trials research. Management experience with developing strategies and leading the administrative and thinking define of Massachusetts Boston — UMass Boston financial operations of a large organization academic or industry-based clinical research organization. Demonstrated ability to interact and influence internal senior leadership and external stakeholders. Demonstrated leadership, planning and change management skills. Strong knowledge of industry standards and/or regulatory requirements. Demonstrated expertise in project management, analytical problem solving, and negotiating experience. Knowledge and experience including Good Clinical Practices, and Conduct of essay writing Montana Zugerberg, Clinical Research Studies. Demonstrated analytic and critical thinking skills, writing skills, communication skills and consulting skills. Society of how to write a tok essay Macquarie University, Clinical Research Associates or Association of Clinical Research Professionals certification preferred. PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS : * Frequently sit, grasp lightly, use fine manipulation and vocabulary essay Institut Montana Zugerberg perform desk-based computer tasks, lift, carry, push pull objects that weigh to ten pounds.

Occasionally stand, use a telephone or write by Louisiana State University hand. Rarely kneel, crawl, climb, twist, bend, stoop, squat, reach or work above shoulders, sort, file paperwork or parts, operate foot and hand controls.- Consistent with its obligations under the law, the University will provide reasonable accommodation to vocabulary essay writing Zugerberg any employee with a disability who requires accommodation to perform the think Louisiana University essential functions of his or her job.* WORKING CONDITIONS: Occasional local and overnight travel. WORK STANDARDS (from JDL): * Ensure consistency and essay Institut Montana Zugerberg adherence to clinical research guidelines, compliance with good clinical practices, good manufacturing practices and regulatory guidelines. Interpersonal Skills: Demonstrates the ability to work well with Stanford colleagues and clients and with external organizations. Promote Culture of think facione, Safety: Demonstrates commitment to personal responsibility and value for safety; communicates safety concerns; uses and promotes safe behaviors based on training and lessons learned. Subject to and expected to Institut comply with all applicable University policies and procedures, including but not limited to the personnel policies and other policies found in the University's Administrative Guide, http://adminguide.stanford.edu. Job: Research Location: School of Medicine Schedule: Full-time Req ID: 75312 Job Grade: 4938. Create a job alert for Associate Director Clinical Operations at Stanford, CA. How To Write An Essay Sample American. Great!

You#39;ll now receive job alerts for Associate Director Clinical Operations at Stanford, CA. Create a job alert for Associate Director Clinical Operations at Stanford, CA. Cancer Clinical Research Business Associate Direct. Posted 2 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/1/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-30T00:00 ## Description **JOB PURPOSE:** The Stanford Cancer Institute (SCI) is a National Cancer Institute-Designated Cancer Center that seeks to build synergies and collaborations across the Stanford University Campus. SCI faculty researchers are active in translational research with more than 250 cancer related clinical research studies ongoing at any time. The Cancer Clinical Trials Office (CCTO) is SCI’s centralized resource for managing these trials. The CCTO contains more than 150 staff members providing regulatory services, financial analysis, research coordination, and clinical trial management using the essay Montana OnCore system. Write A Tok Essay University. Reporting to vocabulary essay writing Zugerberg the Executive Administrative Director, the Cancer Clinical Research Business Associate Director directs all cancer clinical research related financial and business operations including the financial management of the CCTO’s departmental budget. He/she is responsible for establishing an internal management structure that allows for efficient and productive business operations including clinical trial budget and proposal development, post award management, and all financial related operations of the CCTO, while at all times ensuring compliance to all local and federal regulations regarding clinical research conduct and grant management. In addition to having superb staff management and financial management skills, the Business Associate Director should have a track record of implementing new operations and redesigning existing operations to optimize operational efficiencies, strong knowledge of compliance issues related to clinical trials, and ability to represent the critically Louisiana organization as a liaison to senior School of Medicine leaders and faculty.

He/she must also bring a strategic perspective to the position, working with SCI and School of Medicine leadership in shaping clinical trial financial and essay writing Montana business operations going forward. Write A Tok Macquarie University. The Business Associate Director works closely with SCI Financial Manager on financial and administrative matters. **DUTIES INCLUDE:** * Manage the work of other employees, make hiring decisions, provide coaching, training and mentoring, manage performance, determine staffing needs, develop and vocabulary essay writing ensure succession planning within area of responsibility. How To Write An Essay Sample American School. * Establish operational objectives and assignments, plan, direct and monitor all budgets for areas of responsibility, manage business operation and administration of several functional areas, may manage a team in providing post award sponsored research administration and services. Essay. * Identify and resolve unique problems of substantial significance that affect the overall functional area, beyond the immediate unit. * Manage organization#39;s financial activities and essay Macquarie structure; develop system and procedure requirements to support the financial reporting for essay Institut Montana Zugerberg the organization. * Contribute to designing, developing and write of Gloucestershire (INTO) delivering complex policies and procedures with both short and long term impact. * Collaborate with other colleagues on school/ unit projects; design and execute an effective system of internal controls for areas of responsibility; establish operational objectives to support the university#39;s stewardship of resources. Vocabulary Essay Writing Montana Zugerberg. * Engage in continuous critical analysis of existing systems and processes; identify need for new systems, and a college develop and present proposals. * Lead complex, high-visibility process redesign and innovation projects; develop, implement, and participate in major initiatives. * Represent the units/school within the vocabulary essay writing Institut Montana Zugerberg functional units or school and to external constituencies. Think Critically Facione Louisiana. ** - Other duties may also be assigned.* ## Qualifications **DESIRED QUALIFICATIONS:** * Expertise in pre-award and post-award management of clinical research contracts * Advanced knowledge in Microsoft Excel * Advanced knowledge in data analysis and modeling * Advanced knowledge in Montana Zugerberg principles of Lean methodology or other quality improvement methodology with demonstrated success with application of the principles * Working knowledge of dashboard software such as Tableau **EDUCATION EXPERIENCE (REQUIRED):** Master#39;s degree and six years relevant experience or combination of education and relevant experience. **KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ABILITIES (REQUIRED):** * User knowledge of Microsoft Office Suite * Advanced knowledge of Oracle or other business financial systems * Advanced understanding of financial principles. * Advanced oral and written communication skills * Ability to Rivers University clearly and vocabulary writing Montana effectively present information to internal and write a college University external audiences, client groups and all levels of management. * Strong analytical skills to review and essay analyze complex financial information. * Strong leadership and management skills with previous experience managing people, delegating workload and providing direction/corrections as necessary. How To Write University. * Knowledge of property management requirements related to vocabulary writing Institut Montana Zugerberg Stanford or non-Stanford title of equipment and fabrications. * Demonstrated competency in project management of a high volume of work, some of how to University of Gloucestershire, which is vocabulary writing Institut Montana, cyclical. Presuasive Essay House. * If managing sponsored projects, ability to manage post and pre award administration for sponsored projects within his/her unit. Knowledge and fluency of governmental regulations and Cardinal Curriculum level I and II. * Knowledge of procurement needs, including sole-sourcing, cost analyses, vendor requirements, and Zugerberg small business reporting. * Experience working successfully with PIs, their administrative staff, the essay Hurtwood office of sponsored research and external sponsors. * Demonstrated success in performing meticulous, high quality and compliant work. Vocabulary Writing Montana Zugerberg. * Ability to interpret complex research and fiscal policies, assimilate information from a wide range of University, resources and act like a mentor and resource to others. **CERTIFICATIONS LICENSES:** None **PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS*:** * Constantly sitting. * Frequently perform desk-based computer tasks, use telephone, writing by hand, sort/file paperwork. * Occasionally stand/walk, lift/carry objects weighing 11-20 pounds. Vocabulary Essay Institut. * Rarely reach/work above shoulder. ** - Consistent with its obligations under the law, the University will provide reasonable accommodation to any employee with a disability who requires accommodation to perform the write Macquarie University essential functions of his or her job.* **WORKING CONDITIONS:** Routine extended working hours during peak cycles; travel to school/unit sites across university. WORK STANDARDS (from JDL):** * Interpersonal Skills: Demonstrates the ability to work well with Stanford colleagues and clients and with external organizations. * Promote Culture of Safety: Demonstrates commitment to personal responsibility and value for safety; communicates safety concerns; uses and promotes safe behaviors based on Montana Zugerberg training and lessons learned. * Subject to write a tok essay University and expected to comply with all applicable University policies and procedures, including but not limited to the personnel policies and other policies found in the University#39;s Administrative Guide, http://adminguide.stanford.edu. *Job:* Finance *Location:* School of vocabulary writing Institut Montana Zugerberg, Medicine *Schedule:* Full-time *Req ID:* 75382 *Job Grade:* 4457 Stanford University Stanford CA. Clinical Research Operations Manager. Posted 2 days ago.

VIEW JOBS 10/1/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-30T00:00 ## Description The Stanford Center for presuasive Hurtwood House Clinical Research is seeking a Clinical Research Manager to provide leadership and oversight of vocabulary Institut Zugerberg, multiple clinical research projects. Supervise multiple clinical research staff. Manage clinical research operations, including quality management, personnel management, regulatory compliance, and html courses Thompson fiscal oversight. Duties include: * Hire, orient, train, and conduct performance reviews for staff handling research administration activities associated with the Montana conducting of clinical trials. Monitor staffing levels, and identify adequate coverage for trial workload across teams of study coordinators. * Supervise the implementation of and essay House adherence to study protocols. Educate research staff on established policies, processes, and procedures. * Determine effective strategies for promoting/recruiting research participants and retaining participants in long-term clinical trials. Develop consent forms for approval by Human Subjects Panel. * Coordinate new protocol submissions, renewals, and revisions to Institutional Review Board for multiple studies. Complete annual reports to Institutional Review Board, CSTA, FDA and other regulatory agencies. Submit Investigational New Drug applications to the FDA as required. * Audit operations, including laboratory procedures, to ensure compliance with applicable regulations; provide leadership in identifying and implementing corrective actions/processes. Monitor Institutional Review Board submissions, and respond to requests and vocabulary essay writing Institut Montana questions. * Provide leadership and expertise in identifying and completing research grants.

Oversee financial resources, as needed, create internal and external budgets for write a college University of Gloucestershire (INTO) research protocols, assure financial accountability, and serve as primary liaison between sponsor, department accounting, and Research Management Group. Essay Writing. * Lead or chair committees or task forces to address and Hurtwood resolve significant issues. Essay Montana Zugerberg. * Engage in high-level outreach and networking opportunities, representing the research program to a variety of internal and external audiences. * Analyze trends in recruitment and online Thompson Rivers University assure there is a limited number of competing trials. Make recommendations for a variety of options within a trial; track physician compliance. * Assist with analysis of data and essay Montana preparation of manuscripts and scientific presentations. ** - Other duties may also be assigned* ## Qualifications **DESIRED QUALIFICATIONS:** * Superb communication skills in speaking and write a tok essay Macquarie University writing. * Proven track record in personnel/team management and team building. * Ability to multi-task. **EDUCATION EXPERIENCE (REQUIRED):** Bachelor#39;s degree in related field and five years of experience in clinical research, or an equivalent combination of education and writing Institut relevant experience. Master#39;s degree preferred. How To Write A Tok Essay. **KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ABILITIES (REQUIRED):** * Excellent interpersonal skills. Vocabulary Essay Institut Montana. * Proficiency in Microsoft Office and critically Louisiana State University database applications. * Experience with research protocols and regulatory or governing bodies, which include HIPAA and FDA regulations, Institutional Review Board requirements, and Good Clinical Practices. * Knowledge of medical terminology. * Demonstrated managerial experience. Essay Writing Institut Zugerberg. **CERTIFICATIONS LICENSES:** Society of Clinical Research Associates or Association of Clinical Research Professionals certification is preferred. **PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS*:** * Frequently stand, walk, twist, bend, stoop, squat and use fine light/fine grasping. * Occasionally sit, reach above shoulders, perform desk based computer tasks, use a telephone and write by hand, lift, carry, push, and pull objects that weigh up to define University 40 pounds. * Rarely kneel, crawl, climb ladders, grasp forcefully, sort and file paperwork or parts, rarely lift, carry, push, and pull objects that weigh 40 pounds or more. ** - Consistent with its obligations under the law, the University will provide reasonable accommodation to any employee with a disability who requires accommodation to perform the essential functions of his or her job.* **WORKING CONDITIONS:** * Position may at times require the employee to work with or be in areas where hazardous materials and/or exposure to chemicals, blood, body fluid or tissues and risk of vocabulary writing Zugerberg, exposure to contagious diseases and critical thinking of Massachusetts infections. * May require extended or unusual work hours based on research requirements and business needs. **WORK STANDARDS:** * Interpersonal Skills: Demonstrates the ability to essay Montana Zugerberg work well with Stanford colleagues and clients and with external organizations. * Promote Culture of Safety: Demonstrates commitment to critically facione University personal responsibility and value for safety; communicates safety concerns; uses and promotes safe behaviors based on training and lessons learned. Vocabulary Montana Zugerberg. * Subject to and expected to comply with all applicable University policies and procedures, including but not limited to the personnel policies and other policies found in the University#39;s Administrative Guide, http://adminguide.stanford.edu. *Job:* Research *Location:* School of Medicine *Schedule:* Full-time *Req ID:* 76124 *Job Grade:* 4926 Stanford University Stanford CA. Clinical Research Coordiantor Associate. Posted 2 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/1/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-30T00:00 Stanford University Clinical Research Coordiantor Associate Job Number: 76458 The Cancer Clinical Trials Office in the Stanford Cancer Institute, in Stanford University#39;s School of Medicine seeks a Clinical Research Associate to perform duties related to the coordination of clinical studies in how to of Gloucestershire (INTO) the Cutaneous Lymphoma group.

The incumbent will work with the team to vocabulary Zugerberg ensure the safety and well-being of trial participants and to write essay of Gloucestershire document related data per Institut Montana protocols and CCTO SOPS and guidelines. Stanford School of presuasive essay, Medicine strives to lead the biomedical revolution by fueling discovery and innovation to advance human health. CORE DUTIES INCLUDE:Coordinate collection of study specimens and processing.Collect and manage patient and laboratory data for clinical research projects. Manage research project databases, develop flow sheets and other study related documents, and complete study documents/case report forms.Ensure compliance with research protocols, and review and audit case report forms for vocabulary essay completion and accuracy with source documents. Prepare regulatory submissions, and ensure Institutional Review Board renewals are completed.Assemble study kits for online html Thompson University study visits, monitor scheduling of procedures and charges, coordinate documents, and attend monitoring meetings with sponsors, acting as primary contact.Interact with the principal investigator regularly, ensuring patient safety and adherence to proper study conduct.Ensure essential documentation and recording of vocabulary essay writing Montana Zugerberg, patient and research data in appropriate files per institutional and Hurtwood House regulatory requirements.Participate in monitor visits and regulatory audits. DESIRED QUALIFICATIONS:Knowledge of the principles of vocabulary essay writing Zugerberg, clinical research and federal regulations.Familiarity with IRB guidelines and regulations.Previous experience with clinical trials.Society of Clinical Research Associates or Association of Clinical Research Professionals certification is preferred.EDUCATION EXPERIENCE (REQUIRED):Two year college degree and two years related work experience or a Bachelor#39;s degree in a related field or an equivalent combination of how to a tok essay, related education and relevant experience. KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ABILITIES (REQUIRED):Strong interpersonal skills.Proficiency with Microsoft Office.Knowledge of medical terminology.CERTIFICATIONS LICENSES:Society of Clinical Research Associates or Association of Clinical Research Professionals certification is preferred. PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS:Frequently stand, walk, twist, bend, stoop, squat and use fine light/fine grasping. Essay Writing Montana. Occasionally sit, reach above shoulders, perform desk based computer tasks, use a telephone and write by hand, lift, carry, push, and pull objects that weigh up to 40 pounds.Rarely kneel, crawl, climb ladders, grasp forcefully, sort and file paperwork or parts, rarely lift, carry, push, and pull objects that weigh 40 pounds or more. - Consistent with its obligations under the thinking University law, the University will provide reasonable accommodation to any employee with a disability who requires accommodation to perform the essential functions of his or her job.WORKING CONDITIONS: Occasional evening and weekend hours.WORK STANDARDS (from JDL):Interpersonal Skills: Demonstrates the ability to work well with Stanford colleagues and clients and with external organizations.Promote Culture of Safety: Demonstrates commitment to personal responsibility and value for safety; communicates safety concerns; uses and vocabulary essay promotes safe behaviors based on training and lessons learned.Subject to and expected to comply with all applicable University policies and procedures, including but not limited to the personnel policies and other policies found in the University#39;s Administrative Guide, http://adminguide.stanford.edu.

Job: Research Location: School of Medicine Schedule: Full-time Classification Level: To be considered for how to write an essay sample University School this position please visit our web site and apply on line at vocabulary Montana, the following link: stanfordcareers.stanford.edu Stanford is an equal opportunity employer and all qualified applicants will receive consideration without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, disability, veteran status, or any other characteristic protected by law. jeid-da9798e79617234dbab2b853ef8ff495 Stanford University Stanford CA. Associate Director Clinical Operations. 1. Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. Critical Thinking Define — UMass. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) 2. Essay Institut Montana Zugerberg. Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Copy paste or upload your cover letter. Don’t have a cover letter? Build one now! We will save your jobs while you are here, but once you leave, they will be discarded.

To save your jobs for when you return, please sign in. Essay Macquarie University. Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in essay writing Zugerberg touch with us.

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Vocabulary for Writing Essays - The University of Sydney

Pasco-Hernando State College Writing Center. There are various types of writings assignments an instructor may give such as journals, reaction papers, questions to be answered, paragraphs on vocabulary Montana, topics or questions, essays, and research papers. An essay is a writing on a specific question or topic. How To Sample. Instructors may vary in what they are expecting when they assign an essay . It’s important to always ask your instructor if you are not sure. Some may simply want a discussion on a topic or question and are not asking for vocabulary Zugerberg formal organization.

Others may be expecting a formal academic essay, also called a thesis-and-support paper, organized with an introduction, body, and critical thinking University of Massachusetts Boston Boston, conclusion that includes the following: an introductory paragraph which gives a background and states the thesis (the point of the essay), body paragraphs which contain proof, also called supporting ideas, of the essay writing Institut Montana, thesis statement, and a concluding paragraph which sums up the presuasive essay Hurtwood House, proof and restates the thesis. While some instructors may have slight variations about vocabulary essay Montana formal academic essay organization, you won’t have a problem if: you put the thesis statement at the end of the introductory (opening) paragraph the body paragraphs contain only proof of the thesis the concluding paragraph contains a review of the proof and restatement of the thesis. Some instructors also ask for some general prediction or observation instead of or in addition to critically facione Louisiana State University a restatement of thesis. Always check with your instructor if you are not sure about vocabulary Montana what is expected. The discussion here is for a formal academic essay (thesis-and-support paper). An essay is a collection of paragraphs that fit around one idea or position on an issue. This is usually called the thesis or main idea . Presuasive Hurtwood. The sentence that contains the main idea is called the Thesis Statement. The Thesis Statement must take a position and not just state a fact.

While some instructors vary on where a thesis statement may appear, it is safe to place it as th last sentence of the first paragraph. An academic essay must have at essay writing Montana, least three paragraphs: an introduction, a body paragraph, and a concluding paragraph. Since there should be a separate body paragraph for each proof point, the more substantial the essay Hurtwood House, proof, the more paragraphs there will be. A typical essay of about five hundred words will usually have at least two or three proof paragraphs making the essay four to five paragraphs. Instructors often require a specific page format (margins, line spacing, and so on). Page formatting is part of the requirements of vocabulary essay a style system. Both MLA and APA have similar formatting requirements. Online Thompson Rivers University. Unless your instructor states otherwise, it use MLA page format. Sample Paper – Modern Technology – Screen Shot Outline – Modern Technology. In a way, these academic essays are like a trial in court.

The attorney, whether prosecuting the case or defending it, begins with an opening statement explaining the Institut Montana, background and telling the jury what he or she intends to prove (the thesis statement). Then, the attorney presents witnesses for proof (the body of the paragraphs). Lastly, the attorney presents the closing argument (concluding paragraph). There are a variety of approaches regarding the content of the introduction paragraph such as a brief outline of the proof, an a college essay of Gloucestershire, anecdote, explaining key ideas, and asking a question. In addition, some textbooks say that an introduction can be more than one paragraph. Essay Writing Institut Montana. The placement of the thesis statement is another variable depending on the instructor and/or text. The approach used in this lesson is that an introduction paragraph gives background information leading into the thesis, the main idea of the paper, which is stated at the end. The background in the introductory paragraph consists of information about the circumstances of the thesis. This background information often starts in essay Hurtwood House the introductory paragraph with a general statement which is then refined to vocabulary essay Institut Montana the most specific sentence of the essay, the University Boston Boston, thesis. It is important to essay note that in this approach, the critical thinking University of Massachusetts Boston Boston, proof for the thesis is not found in vocabulary essay Institut Zugerberg the introduction except, possibly, as part of a thesis statement which includes the key elements of the proof. Proof is presented and a tok, expanded on in the body.

The thesis is the position statement. It must contain a subject and vocabulary Institut Zugerberg, a verb and express a complete thought. It must also be defensible. This means it should be an arguable point with which people could reasonably disagree. The more focused and narrow the thesis statement, the better a paper will generally be.

If you are given a question in the instructions for critically facione Louisiana State your paper, the thesis statement is a one-sentence answer taking a position on the question. If you are given a topic instead of a question, then in order to create a thesis statement, you must narrow your analysis of the writing Montana Zugerberg, topic to a specific controversial issue about the topic to take a stand. How To Write A Tok University. If it is not a research paper, some brainstorming (jotting down what comes to vocabulary essay writing Zugerberg mind on courses Thompson University, the issue) should help determine a specific question. If it is vocabulary essay Institut Zugerberg, a research paper, the process begins with exploratory research which should show the various issues and controversies which should lead to the specific question. Then, the research becomes focused on the question which in turn should lead to taking a position on the question. These methods of determining a thesis are still answering a question. It’s just that you pose a question to answer for the thesis. Here is an example. Suppose, one of the topics you are given to write about is think facione, America’s National Parks. Books have been written about this subject.

In fact, books have been written just about a single park. Vocabulary Essay Writing. As you are thinking about it, you may realize how there is an issue about balancing between preserving the an essay American University Preparatory School, wilderness and allowing visitors. The question would then be Should visitors to America’s National Parks be regulated in order to preserve the wilderness? One thesis might be There is no need for regulations for visiting America’s National Parks to preserve the wilderness. Another might be There should be reasonable regulations for visiting America’s National Parks in writing Zugerberg order to preserve the think State, wilderness. Finally, avoid using expressions that announce, “Now I will prove…” or “This essay is vocabulary writing Institut Zugerberg, about …” Instead of telling the think State, reader what the paper is about, a good paper simply proves the vocabulary essay writing Institut Zugerberg, thesis in the body. Generally, you shouldn’t refer to your paper in your paper.

Here is an example of a good introduction with the how to University (INTO), thesis in red: Not too long ago, everyday life was filled with burdensome, time-consuming chores that left little time for much more than completing these tasks. People generally worked from their homes or within walking distance to essay Institut Zugerberg their homes and rarely traveled far from them. People were limited to whatever their physical capacities were. All this changed dramatically as new technologies developed. Modern technology has most improved our lives through convenience, efficiency, and accessibility. Note how the background is html courses, general and leads up to the thesis. No proof is given in the background sentences about how technology has improved lives.

Moreover, notice that the thesis in red is the last sentence of the introduction. It is a defensible statement. A reasonable person could argue the opposite Institut Montana Zugerberg, position: Although modern technology has provided easier ways of completing some tasks, it has diminished the quality of life since people have to how to a tok University work too many hours to acquire these gadgets, have developed health problems as a result of excess use, and have lost focus on what is really valuable in life. The introduction opens the essay and vocabulary, gives background information about the an essay University, thesis. Do not introduce your supporting points (proof) in the introduction unless they are part of the thesis; save these for the body. The thesis is placed at the end of the introductory paragraph.

Don’t use expressions like “this paper will be about” or “I intend to show…” Body paragraphs give proof for the thesis. They should have one proof point per paragraph expressed in a topic sentence. The topic sentence is usually found at the beginning of vocabulary essay Zugerberg each body paragraph and, like a thesis, must be a complete sentence. Each topic sentence must be directly related to and support the argument made by the thesis. After the topic sentence, the online html Rivers University, rest of the paragraph should go on vocabulary Zugerberg, to support this one proof with examples and explanation. It is the details that support the topic sentences in the body paragraphs that make the arguments strong. If the how to an essay, thesis statement stated that technology improved the quality of life, each body paragraph should begin with a reason why it has improved the essay Montana, quality of life.

This reason is write essay of Gloucestershire, called a topic sentence . Following are three examples of body paragraphs that provide support for the thesis that modern technology has improved our lives through convenience, efficiency, and essay Institut, accessibility : Almost every aspect of our lives has been improved through convenience provided by modern technology. From the sound of music from an alarm clock in critical thinking University Boston — UMass Boston the morning to the end of the day being entertained in vocabulary writing Institut Montana Zugerberg the convenience of our living room, our lives are improved. The automatic coffee maker has the coffee ready at a certain time. Cars or public transportation bring people to work where computers operate at the push of a button. Html Thompson Rivers University. At home, there’s the convenience of vocabulary essay writing Institut washing machines and dryers, dishwashers, air conditioners, and power lawn mowers.

Modern technology has made life better with many conveniences. Not only has technology improved our lives through convenience, it has improved our lives through efficiency. The time saved by how to write a tok essay machines doing most of the work leaves more time for people to develop their personal goals or to vocabulary writing just relax. Years ago, when doing laundry could take all day, there wasn’t time left over to read or go to school or even just to take a leisurely walk. Essay University Of Gloucestershire (INTO). Nowadays, people have more time and energy than ever to essay writing Institut Montana Zugerberg simply enjoy their lives and think critically Louisiana State University, pursue their goals thanks to the efficiency of modern technology. Accessibility to a wide range of options has been expanded through modern technology. Never before could people cross a continent or an ocean in an afternoon. Travel is not the only way technology has created accessibility.

Software which types from voice commands has made using computers more accessible for school or work. People with special needs have many new options thanks to modern technology such as special chairs or text readers. Actually, those people who need hearing aids as a result of normal aging have access to continued communication and enjoyment of entertainment they did not previously have. There are many ways technology has improved lives through increased accessibility. Notice how these proof paragraphs stick to vocabulary essay Institut Zugerberg one proof point introduced in the topic sentences in red.

These three paragraphs, not only support the original thesis, but go on to give details and explanations which explain the proof point in the topic sentence. The body of your essay is how to an essay American University School, where you give your main support for the thesis. Each body paragraph should start with a Topic Sentence that is directly related to and supports the thesis statement. Each body paragraph should also give details and vocabulary Institut Montana Zugerberg, explanations that further support the poof point for that paragraph. Don’t use enumeration such as first, second, and third. The reader will know by the topic sentence that it is a new proof point. See Proving the html University, Thesis for more information on proof. Instructors vary of what they expect in the conclusion; however, there is general agreement that conclusions should not introduce any new proof points, should include a restatement of the thesis, and should not contain any words such as “In conclusion.” Some instructors want only a summary of the proof and a restatement of the thesis.

Some instructors ask for a general prediction or implication of the information presented without a restatement of thesis. Vocabulary Writing Institut Montana. Still others may want to include a restatement along with a general prediction or implication of the information presents. Be sure to review assignment instructions or check with instructor. If your assignment instructions don’t specify, just sum up the proof and restate the thesis. Example which sums up proof and restates thesis : Modern technology has created many conveniences in everyday from waking up to music to think critically Louisiana University having coffee ready to getting to essay Institut Zugerberg work and doing a day’s work. The efficiency provided by technology gives people more time to enjoy life and pursue personal development, and the accessibility has broadened options for travel, school, and work. Modern technology has improved our lives through convenience, efficiency, and accessibility. See how the thesis statement was restated in red. The two major arguments about the an essay University School, possible locations proven to essay Zugerberg be incorrect were also included to essay University (INTO) remind the reader of the vocabulary essay writing Institut Montana Zugerberg, major proof points made in the paper. Example which makes a general prediction or implication of the information presented: Modern technology has created many conveniences in everyday life from waking up to music to thinking of Massachusetts — UMass having coffee ready to getting to work and doing a day’s work.

The efficiency provided by vocabulary Montana technology gives people more time to enjoy life and pursue personal development, and the accessibility has broadened options for travel, school, and work. Without it, everyday life would be filled with burdensome tasks and be limited to our neighborhood and our physical capacity. Here’s an example of a conclusion with a general prediction or implication statement with a restatement of write a tok essay thesis. Modern technology has created many conveniences in everyday life from waking up to music to having coffee ready to getting to work and doing a day’s work. The efficiency provided by technology gives people more time to enjoy life and pursue personal development, and the accessibility has broadened options for travel, school, and work. Without it, everyday life would be filled with burdensome tasks and be limited to vocabulary essay writing Institut our neighborhood and our physical capacity. Modern technology has improved our lives through convenience, efficiency, and accessibility. Rhetorical Modes as Types of Essays. Rhetoric is the art of persuasion. Rhetorical modes are ways of using language with a specific focus. Narration, for example, tells a story or a sequence of how to write events.

A narrative essay tells a story. Other rhetorical modes focus on describing, defining, using examples (exemplification), or classifying as the primary purpose. Comparing and contrasting simply compares one thing to another showing the differences as well as the essay Montana, similarities. In a cause and/or effect paper, the causes and/or effects of a situation are the write a tok, focus. A persuasive or argumentative paper proves a position on a controversial issue. Sometimes, instructors assign essays requiring a specific mode such as defining something or discussing the causes of vocabulary Montana a problem. These are considered useful ways to develop the particular skill such as looking closely at something to describe it or finding ways to define an object or situation. More commonly, however, a writing assignment does not require a specific mode; these strategies are used as appropriate within an essay or other writing. For example, a paper arguing that pesticides are harmful might include information defining and describing various pesticides.

It could include classifying them by potential harm and use examples of the types of pesticides. It could have information on the effects of particular pesticides. It can be argued that all papers, regardless of the primary rhetorical strategy used, are persuasive or argumentative since all writing ultimately is to critically facione Louisiana University prove something – even if it is only the legitimacy of one’s feelings such as in a reaction paper or creative writing. Vocabulary Essay Zugerberg. Most writing blend the uses of rhetorical styles. Like all effective writing, essays must have unity. They must clearly stay focused on one purpose: proving the thesis. All the online courses, sentences in each paragraph and each paragraph must work together to achieve that purpose. It is critical for each sentence in each paragraph to Institut Montana start with a topic sentence that states a reason why the thesis is right and that the how to essay Macquarie, rest of the sentences in the paragraph support that topic sentence. Essays must have coherence.

Each sentence must flow smoothly and Institut Zugerberg, logically into the next. Each paragraph must flow smoothly and logically into the next. Presuasive Essay Hurtwood. Words and word groups called transitions must be used to link one sentence to the next and one paragraph to the next. Generally speaking, use of writing Institut Standard English vocabulary and grammar is expected. These types of papers should not sound as though you were talking casually to a friend. Don’t use slang, for example, such as ok. Also, while we use second person (you, your) in informal speech, formal academic writing should not use second person since the reference is not specific. Here’s an example. Thompson Rivers University. You should know where your children are. The reader may not have young children or any children at all.

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Examining the different elements of a pieces of vocabulary essay Institut Zugerberg literature including plot, character, setting, point of view, irony, symbolism, and style to see how the author develops theme is presuasive, not an end in itself but rather a process to help you better appreciate and understand the work of literature as a whole. The focus of essay Institut Montana Zugerberg a literary analysis essay is as expansive as the writers’ interests. For example, a short story analysis might include identifying a particular theme and then showing how the writer suggests that theme through the point of view of the html Thompson, story. Vocabulary Writing Institut. It is essay of Gloucestershire, important to vocabulary essay writing Institut Zugerberg remember that literary analysis does not merely demonstrate a particularly literary element. The focus is explaining how that element is meaningful or significant to the work as a whole. See Essay Organization and define University — UMass, Elements of Fiction for more information. Close reading is deep analysis of how a literary text function; it is both a reading process and essay Institut, something you include in presuasive essay a literary analysis paper. When you read a text paying specific attention to certain literary elements, looking for particular patters, or following the development of vocabulary Montana Zugerberg a particular character, you are practicing close reading. Likewise, when you watch a film with particular emphasis on a certain element, you are doing a close reading. Of course, when one writes an essay that teases out a certain element, this is the beginning of a close reading. Essay Hurtwood House. Like literary analysis more generally, close reading is not a means in and of itself.

Close reading helps inform the larger meaning or import of a work. Literary analysis involves examining the components of a literary text, which allows us to focus on Zugerberg, small parts of the text, clues to help us understand the work as a whole. The process of close reading should produce questions. Critical Define University — UMass. When you begin to answer these questions, you are ready to participate thoughtfully in vocabulary Institut Montana class discussion or write a literary analysis paper. Close reading is a process of finding as much information as you can in order form to as many questions as you can. An outline includes the thesis and proof points.

It is the how to write Macquarie University, skeleton of an academic essay. Starting with an outline can be extremely helpful in essay writing Institut Montana writing an how to essay (INTO), essay. Once an vocabulary Institut Zugerberg, outline is think critically facione Louisiana State University, completed, it is a matter of developing the vocabulary writing, proof points (body paragraphs),adding a background before the thesis for an introduction paragraph, and adding a concluding paragraph. See Outlining for more information. The conclusion brings the essay to critical thinking of Massachusetts — UMass Boston an end and is typically the vocabulary essay, shortest paragraph. It is important to not introduce new ideas or information here. How To Essay Of Gloucestershire. Unless otherwise specified in your assignment, just sum up the proof and restate the conclusion. Vocabulary Essay Writing Montana. Some instructors may want the an essay sample American University, concluding paragraph to contain a general prediction or observation implied from the information presented.

The important thing in essay writing is to have a point, thereby knowing what you are trying to prove, and stick to that point. Keep it simple and focused. This format is the basis for writing a research paper as well. If you can get the idea in a simple essay, writing research papers will be much easier. For information on writing a research paper, see How to Write a Research Paper.

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Analysis of Gender Representations in the Movie Shrek. Zugerberg. Clearly displaying its difference, Shrek was the first film to win an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature in essay House, 2001. Looking at all the three movies that have been produced so far, on can see that the characters of Shrek, who is an essay writing Institut Montana, ogre and his love Fiona, who is originally a beautiful princess but then becomes an ogre herself, as well as other characters of the movie, go against the expectations of society regarding gender and its representation on screen. We will write a custom essay sample. on Analysis of Gender Representations in the Movie Shrek or any similar. topic specifically for you. In this essay, I would like to discuss some aspects of this alienation in describing gender dimensions, and by showing that this alienation is not necessarily negative, I also would like to display how I believe Shrek really had a deep impact on society, as well as it encouraged reflection on critically Louisiana University what it really means to be a certain gender in writing Montana Zugerberg, today’s world. Shrek is a movie about this ogre called Shrek who lives by himself in a swamp and does everything that is basically not considered decent by society when it comes to proper behavior, including being dirty and picking his earwax to use it as a candle for the dinner table. One day, his swamp becomes invaded by fairly tale characters that have nowhere to go, so Shrek decides to look for Lord Farquaad who can nullify his choice to exile the characters of Shrek finds Fiona, the how to write an essay University Preparatory, beautiful princess and rescues her and brings her back to Lord Farquaad.

Of course, as fairytales go, Shrek rescues Fiona and falls in love with her but this love seems to essay Institut Montana, be impossible until we find out that Fiona herself is an critical thinking define University Boston, ogre who changes her appearance every night due to a curse. On their way back to the palace, they both behave rather differently from what one could get used to in other fairytales as far as the rescuer and the princess goes, which difference then brings them together and they end up getting married in forms of ogres. In the further parts of the movie, they continue to meet obstacles because of writing their. Page 2 Analysis of Gender Representations in the Movie Shrek Essay. appearance, such as expectations of Fiona’s parents and the whole kingdom, as well as they go through difficult times fighting against the stereotyping of people and how to of Gloucestershire others around them. At the en, however, their ove and devotion and their way of essay writing Institut being who they are, no matter whether that is an ogre or a human, they become the viewer’s favorites, gaining respect both from online html Thompson Rivers University, them and the rest of their fairytale world for simply who they are, and for how they look or behave. In fact, the gender representations in vocabulary writing Institut, Shrek are what make the audience and the rest of the characters fall in love with the main characters, such as Shrek, Fiona and Donkey. Thinking University. The text itself is gendered around the stereotypes of what is viewed acceptable in our world, as far as gender goes. What is does, however, it turns around those stereotypes and applies them in ways that allows one to reflect on their meaning, realizing that sometimes what is normal in essay Institut, society, what is masculine and feminine, might not always be true. Looking at Shrek, he is represented as a huge, very unattractive ogre who has a very dirty look, and inappropriate way of behaving. Though this is so, he has a great heart, and some very masculine characteristics, such as pride, and competition when it comes to trying to win back his swamp and Fiona at the end.

His non-verbal communication tells a lot about his character, mainly when it comes to his attire and his way of acting towards others. When he first meets Donkey, for html courses Rivers University, instance, he takes more space, and has less physical contact with contact with him then he does with Fiona, which clearly displays that he as a man displays masculine gender characteristics. These, however, because of his attire and behavior, including his rescue of Fiona as an essay writing Institut Montana Zugerberg, exact opposite of what one would call Prince Charming, go against some expectations of society of what masculinity should be like or should behave. Fiona, starting out as a beautiful princess and turning into an ogre herself, gives the same example of gender representation as Shrek. One very interesting thing about how to write sample American Preparatory School, her character in addition to her perfect behavior as a princess and essay writing Montana expecting Prince Charming to rescue her, which represents her feminine character as typical, is how to an essay American Preparatory, her masculine characteristics that are much unexpected, such as burping and fighting like men when she gets attacked by Robin Hood and his men in the first movie. Also, the way in which she is scared that that Shrek would not like her as an vocabulary essay Zugerberg, ogre, is something that is unusual, however, shows some feminine aspects of society, such as being afraid for not being accepted or liked based on appearance. Her support towards Shrek in the second movie when she rather walks away and cry by herself, also underlines her femininity, through the University, scene of essay writing Institut Zugerberg her Feminine speech where she is trying to encourage the good relationship between Shrek and her family, inviting everyone into conversation. Hence, her character displays the idea of Hurtwood House a shift from vocabulary essay writing Montana Zugerberg, masculine to feminine characteristics which clearly demonstrates that sometimes gender characteristics might shift according to personalities, and write a college essay University (INTO) people should not really stereotype gender because it is relative to the individual. Montana. As far as the characters of Shrek and Fiona, one can see this shift of masculine and feminine characteristics many times throughout the critical define — UMass, movie.

Sometimes one can see Shrek being the emotional one, for instance when he does not know how to vocabulary Montana Zugerberg, tell Fiona he loves her, that is American University Preparatory, more like a feminine characteristic. On the other hand, one can also see Fiona being more masculine –like when she becomes stubborn and says yes to Lord Farqaad from pride. Based on this, their characters seem to be a criticism of society’s expectations towards masculine and feminine, showing that sometimes what is different might still be something positive, and worth loving. Furthermore, this criticism can very much be seen in essay writing, the second movie where the producers actually twist the story by making Shrek take the potion that makes all of them human. This transformation clearly displays that their human form is what society would expect them to be, and essay University when they are human they think they can be happy, however this happiness is not real. They do not feel themselves, thus they do not feel complete. When they realize this, through their way of realizing, also the audience realizes that who we are goes beyond just appearance and perfection. Essay Writing Institut Montana. This goes back to one’s perception of Standpoint theory and Queer Theory because it lets one see that where we are positioned can affect one’s view of the online html, world, and it also allows one to see that there is diversity of writing Institut Montana how we perceive ourselves. In fact, there are a lot of possibilities out there, and appearance or a difference in behavior or orientation should not be something that makes us prejudice on such difference.

No matter what people look like, or how they are perceived by society, important is that they are respected for being real and themselves, and this is how they will be able live happily every after. Furthermore, Donkey, as well as Dragon and their love are also something unusual in presuasive, the movie, representing gender from a dissimilar perspective. Although Dragon is very feminine in her way of longing for love and Donkey almost is symbol of vocabulary Montana a man who is not ready for a serious relationship like many men today, their characters are based on an essay sample American Preparatory a different type of feminine and masculine than those of Shrek and vocabulary Institut Fiona. Donkey is the type of guy that does not like to be alone, and he follows Shrek everywhere, showing a kind of collaboration which is clearly a feminine characteristic in contrast to Shrek’s masculine way of trying to essay University of Gloucestershire, solve things fast and effectively. Also his way of vocabulary Zugerberg not wanting to be committed first, and trying to Hurtwood House, rescue himself by complementing Dragon’s beauty, reflects typical masculine characteristics of a player. His way of talking frequently for longer times and less concrete, demonstrates Masculine speech characteristics of gender. Dragon, on essay writing Institut the other hand in how to University of Gloucestershire (INTO), addition to her feminine personality also holds some masculine values by providing immediate solutions like men while flying into essay Zugerberg, the party to rescue, and think critically University also by guarding the tower all by herself. As one can see, all the characters in Shrek shift when it comes to their analysis of gender representations. Writing Montana. Some, more than others, but they all represent typical masculine and feminine gender expectations, as well as they go against them in the same, through a sarcastic criticism achieved by drastic contrasts to society’s picture of the subject.

Looking at the character of Lord Farquaad, for instance, one can observe the way how he displays masculine characteristic of presuasive essay competition, by Institut Montana Zugerberg, being dominating and direct and authoritative, but his personality and attire and way of acting is contrast to what a good leader should be or should look like. His character is probably the one that is mostly masculine in his verbal interactions, however when it comes to physical ideas about the strength and protectiveness of men, he is almost ridiculed by the creators of the movie in order to highlight again that what society believes as being the typical masculine leader, is essay House, not always the vocabulary essay writing Institut, way they really are. Moreover, the personality of the Fairy Godmother, many feminine characteristics are underlined, including the Masculine Deficit Model, according to which females are the relationship experts, and men like Shrek have no idea what to do to write Macquarie, save their relationships. The fairy Godmother plays exactly this role through helping people by just “dropping a tear away”. Essay Institut Zugerberg. She acts almost as a figure of feminine evil, who stereotypes women as being interested in gossip, and always trying to get into other people’s relationships, just as she is trying to end Shrek’s and Fiona’s marriage. Html Courses Rivers. She is represented as a nice looking, good, elderly woman, almost a nice grandmother figure, but then her acts bring her to other side, displaying her as the essay writing Institut, typical female that is great interpreting non-verbals, pretends to show empathy and comfort and write essay University (INTO) support for others. The again, her character, just as the one of Lord Farquaad, shows that what we imagine people to Montana Zugerberg, be like based on how to an essay University gender, is not always the way they are. The last character, I would like to touch on essay writing Institut Montana from the movie is Prince Charming whose name already tells many things about his character, and again is ridiculed and criticized in a way. Html Courses. He is handsome however, is not the Prince Charming that women would want for essay Montana Zugerberg, themselves, and clearly representing that even in today’s world the Prince Charming on a white horse is how to write a tok essay University, just an idealistic vision of many women. I would say that his persona might be taken as a representation of the GLBT community through his gay-like speech and language, and through his obsession with his looks. Also, his character leads to the idea of the vocabulary Montana, transgender representation of society by the funny relationship he has with the Ugly Stepsister, who is clearly a man in woman clothes.

The movie through their characters explores and think gives space to existence of vocabulary essay writing other forms of gender, leading one back to the Queer Theory, according to which one can step out of the heterosexual bobble and experience other views as well. The persona of the Ugly Stepsister is for instance a loveable being, and the audience can almost cross fingers for her that she can achieve her love with Prince Charming. In addition to them, I also felt that the character of the King who transforms into a frog creates the idea of transformation, thus implying the Macquarie, idea of transgender, and by allowing one see that although one may transform physically, that person still be the same inside and vocabulary writing should be able to love and live the same as before. It is very interesting that although I have seen all three movies many times, now that I look at them through a gendered lens for analysis, I can realize things which I have not realized before. Write University. All the vocabulary essay Institut Montana, characters which I have examined, as well as the others, such as Pinocchio and Puss, they all somehow represent gender in many different ways, giving the how to a college (INTO), audience a clear picture of both how society perceives gender and how sometimes it should be perceived instead. In fact, the character of Puss also, just as Shrek and Fiona, consists of both masculine and feminine characteristics.

Starting from feminine emotions that he uses to writing Institut Montana, manipulate his enemy, and the idea of same-sex friendships in which he, Shrek and Donkey support each other and do things together. Similarly, to all their characters, also we in society shift our gender characteristics, and Boston — UMass therefore, we should not prejudice or stereotype. Essay Montana. In conclusion, I would say that Shrek is a movie that incorporates many gender representations, and it does a very great job to criticize those sarcastically, creating a funny feeling in the viewers, in the same time making them reflect on the meanings of masculinity and femininity, as well as on concepts such as gay, lesbian, and transgender. University Of Massachusetts Boston Boston. These images matter because what is displayed in the media shapes the way in essay Institut Montana, which people view those issues and concepts. The only things that I would have recommended to write University Preparatory School, do differently, is the vocabulary writing Institut, way in which the University, Ugly Stepsister and Prince Charming were portrayed because I felt that by vocabulary writing Institut, portraying them in online Thompson Rivers, a funny way, it might have created a funny feeling in people, which reflects the way people might view transgender people and essay Montana Zugerberg gays in society. Prince Charming was also shown to be a mommy’s boy, which is a college essay, not necessarily true for Montana, gay people, creating a false perception of that segment of society, and showing that the media is seen as gay keeper, deciding exactly what to let in and what to let out.

Lastly, it is my opinion that the critically facione Louisiana State, movie Shrek is a great one because it targets both adults and children in essay writing Montana, different ways, encouraging reflection on certain issues, such as gender dimensions and the way in which they are viewed by society. It is a movie that definitely challenges the gender representations to which we have been used to, raising awareness of our false perception of sample American gender, and the fact that we tend to stereotype and categorize people based on behavior, appearance and language. I believe, therefore, that Shrek breaks the ice of certain gender stereotypes, and by doing this in a funny way, it also teaches us to be open-minded to learn about essay writing Zugerberg, ourselves and others around us because although we might not want to recognize but there is a diversity among people in our world that needs to be respected in order to make the world a better place for everyone to live in. Bibliography: Julia T. Wood, Gendered Lives: Communication, Gender and Culture, 8th Edition, Wadsworth, 2008.

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essay science social of Social Science. 1. Is social science really a science? Social science may be defined (broadly) as the rational and systematic study of vocabulary Montana, human society in all its forms with the aim of how to of Gloucestershire (INTO), arriving at an enduring understanding, acknowledged as such by a broad consensus of researchers, of social phenomena. One of the writing Zugerberg properties which is necessary to a science is that the thinking — UMass Boston activities of vocabulary essay writing, its practitioners results in a substantial body of organised knowledge. One of the think facione State qualities of what qualifies as knowledge is that there is a broad consensus among interested parties concerning this knowledge. Thus if social science did not arrive at an enduring understanding of essay writing Montana Zugerberg, social phenomena, acknowledged as such by a broad consensus of researchers, it would fail to qualify as a science. As an initial attempt to define science one might say that it is the collective activity, and presuasive essay the enduring results of that activity, in which the aim is to describe, analyse and understand (in a way which is intelligible to Montana Zugerberg any person with the necessary mental abilities and define Boston Boston training) a particular field of empirical phenomena (its qualities, properties, nature and anything else about it which captures our attention and interest), and writing Institut if possible to predict accurately the development of systems within this field from presuasive essay Hurtwood House particular states or in response to particular changes. 1. However, this definition would exclude mathematics from the realm of the sciences.

Mathematics has been called the queen of the sciences. Vocabulary Essay Institut Montana. Two of the qualities which justify the inclusion of mathematics among the sciences are (i) that the activity of mathematicians results in enduring knowledge and (ii) that mathematics (unlike philosophy) is not characterized by enduring disagreements among its practitioners. Mathematicians may be inclined to critically Louisiana State University view a particular mathematical hypothesis either as true or as false, but it is recognized by vocabulary essay writing Institut Zugerberg all mathematicians that this matter can be decided only by the discovery of a proof of the hypothesis or the how to write sample School discovery of writing Montana, a counter-example to it (although there is the think facione University possibility that some concepts may be refined in essay Institut Montana Zugerberg, this process 2 ). How To Write An Essay Sample American. Mathematicians, unlike philosophers, do not spend their time trying to persuade their colleagues that a particular assertion is or is not likely to be true. Vocabulary Writing Montana Zugerberg. They seek proof or disproof. When a proof (or a counter-example) is put forward it normally does not take long for critically Louisiana University, other mathematicians to decide whether it is a valid proof (or a true counter-example). Philosophy, on the other hand, although a rational activity, is not a science because there is no consensus regarding how disagreements may be resolved, other than continued discussion and debate, which, as experience shows, frequently do not lead to a resolution of Institut Montana Zugerberg, disagreement. These considerations show that (i) rationality is not sufficient to qualify an area of investigation as a science and (ii) it is how to a tok University not necessary for a collective activity to be called a science that its subject matter consists in emprically observable phenomena (i.e., phenomena observable by the outer senses), but rather that (iii) what is necessary is that it is essay writing Institut Montana practiced in such a manner that disagreements can be resolved (by those with the intellectual ability required to thinking of Massachusetts Boston grasp the essay writing Institut problem and the skills to investigate) and do not typically become merely entrenched competing opinions. The property described in (iii) is called objectivity. In other words, for a field of investigation to be considered a science its results must be such that, if true, they can be verified by similarly qualified investigators, and if false, this can be revealed by the checking of the work by others.

This is not to say that a scientific theory or statement of how things are is absolutely true, or corresponds to reality, simply that it is inter-subjectively verifiable (or falsifiable), and does not depend for its validity on the alleged scientific abilities of one investigator. 3. Thus it is not necessary for social science to emulate the methods of the natural sciences in order to be considered a science. It is sufficient for it to lead to Boston — UMass Boston objective knowledge, the character of which has been outlined above. Whether it does so is another question, which we shall consider later.

2. What is society? All humans are born into a society of one form or another, and live within society, but their view is usually just that of essay Institut, their immediate surroundings, and their intellectual understanding of the society they live in is usually derived from what they read in the newspapers. When we attempt to characterise society from a more scientific viewpoint we may say that society is an assembly (enduring over time) of facione, individual organisms, each with some degree of awareness and autonomy, interacting in usually complex ways and producing artefacts and forms of organisation which in turn influence and constrain their experience and their actions. 4. Social scientists may differ in the degree to which they make use of (or even acknowledge) the autonomy and awareness of the vocabulary Montana individuals in a society in their descriptions and explanations of html Rivers, social phenomena, but that a society consists of such individuals cannot be denied without destroying the distinction between what social scientists study and vocabulary essay what natural scientists study. 5. 3. Does scientific knowledge accord with objective reality? Most scientists tacitly assume that they study something which is independent of their inquiry, which has an existence in itself, and has pre-existing properties which are revealed by their inquiry. 6 The problem with this is to write an essay American School identify this reality, with which scientific knowledge is supposed to accord, other than by vocabulary Institut Montana Zugerberg some process of scientific inquiry itself. If reality is what is known by means of scientific inquiry, then it is tautologous to say that scientific knowledge accords with reality.

7. Reality is what is intersubjectively verifiable, and enduringly so. The reality revealed by the investigations of critical define University Boston — UMass, natural scientists is vocabulary essay Institut especially real because so many investigators (even generations of investigators) affirm its qualities. Anyone, it is said, with the how to a tok essay Macquarie proper ability to learn and the proper training can confirm what it says in the textbooks of physics, chemistry and biology. Essay. 8. As regards social science in particular, there is less agreement than in natural science as to what constitutes social reality (as distinct from the reality of critical define of Massachusetts — UMass Boston, human individuals and the material objects that they produce). Emile Durkheim attempted to distinguish social science from other forms of science by drawing attention (as he supposed) to a special kind of fact, a social fact, which he held to be different from the kinds of facts studied in the natural sciences. In Chapter 1 of his The Rules of Sociological Method he states two criteria for identifying social facts. Vocabulary Institut Montana Zugerberg. Firstly: A social fact is to be recognized by the power of external coercion which it exercises or is capable of exercising over write a tok Macquarie University individuals, and vocabulary essay writing Institut Zugerberg the presence of this power may be recognized in its turn either by the existence of some specific sanction or by the resistance offered against every individual effort to violate it.([Dur],p.10)

According to this definition, gravity is a social fact, since it coerces individuals to remain on the ground and resists their attempts to fly by their own efforts. At the end of Chapter 1 he restates this as: A social fact is every way of acting — capable of html University, exercising on the individual an external constraint. Essay Writing Institut. ([Dur], p.13) Since gravity is not a way of acting this excludes gravity. Html Thompson. But who or what is it that acts? Presumably people. So a social fact would seem to be present whenever people act in such a way as to constrain the Montana actions of other people.

Of course, they do so by virtue of occupying space, since we cannot walk through solid objects. So does Durkheim mean that people constrain others by intention? But this is to speak of the psychology of individuals, and Durkheim wished to distinguish social science from write essay of Gloucestershire (INTO) psychology. Presumably Durkheim is referring to customs, laws and traditions which individuals ignore at some risk. The second criterion Durkheim gives for the presence of a social fact is: Every way of acting which is general throughout a given society, while at the same time existing in vocabulary essay, its own right independent of its individual manifestations. ([Dur], p.13) But does it make sense to speak of anything existing in its own right independent of its individual manifestations? To take an critically facione Louisiana University, example from Durkheim's own work, can we say that suicide exists in its own right apart from particular instances of suicide? Durkheim appears to have adopted a realist ontology, according to which universals exist independently of particular instances of those universals (e.g. Essay Institut. red existing as something distinct from things which are coloured red).

This ontological position is rather implausible (one has only to write University of Gloucestershire ask where the alleged universal exists). Nevertheless there is a sense in which customs and traditions exist over and above the actions of individuals which may be said to exemplify them, for example, the custom and tradition of marriage. Yet even if one denies that there is an entity of vocabulary Institut Montana, some kind distinct from the presuasive Hurtwood House individual instances of marriage, marriage is not simply the collection of those instances. This custom, like all customs and traditions, is associated with a complex of beliefs. In fact this custom may be regarded as consisting of this belief complex together with the actions of individuals acting on those beliefs in respect of them. Such a view risks being seen as a psychological conception of marriage, i.e., a reduction of the fact of marriage to writing Montana instances of individual belief and consequent action, and thus is inconsistent with Durkheim's wish to distinguish social science from psychology. However in the case of html courses Thompson, marriage (and other customs and traditions) we do not have simply a collection of individual beliefs and Institut actions. Rather we have a belief complex which is essay instantiated in many individuals and persists over essay time.

It consists in individuals, in fact most individuals in society, believing more-or-less the same thing as their contemporaries and as those who went before them and those who succeed them, and acting in ways implied by this belief complex, that allows us to identify marriage as something distinct from individual instances of marriage and individual instances of belief. We are dealing here with something like collective psychology, as opposed to individual psychology. So we might say that a quasi-Durkheimian conception of social science is that it is the study of human psychology as it manifests itself not in individual beliefs and actions but in the beliefs and actions of large numbers of (indeed, most if not all) people in define University of Massachusetts — UMass Boston, a society, while recognizing that this formulation may not have been acceptable to Durkheim because of his wish to draw a clear distinction between social science and psychology. Durkheim's philosophical realism seems to essay Institut Montana have led him to objectify this collective psychology as a collective consciousness or a group mind, a position which is not viewed sympathetically by most late 20 th Century social scientists, and the examination of which need not detain us here. 9. Social reality, it seems, is critical thinking Boston — UMass Boston what social researchers discover when they seek to understand society in vocabulary writing Institut Montana Zugerberg, a way that makes sense to their colleagues, provided they can agree on thinking University, what they discover and that this agreement persists over essay Institut Montana Zugerberg time. Thus it cannot be said to exist independently of the collective activity of online html courses Rivers University, social researchers, yet it exists independently of individual social researchers. 4. Vocabulary Institut Montana Zugerberg. Weber on the origins of modern capitalism.

Max Weber, unlike Durkheim, did not feel the need to legitimate the study of society by establishing its credentials as a science (at least, one modelled on the natural sciences). Weber's approach to the study of society is more akin to that of the historian than to online courses that of the anthropologist, but is not purely descriptive. Vocabulary Essay Writing Institut Montana Zugerberg. He draws upon Thompson University, psychology, not as a science, but as sympathetic understanding of the mental worlds of people living in various times and places. 10 Social reality for essay Zugerberg, Weber is a human reality, inseparable from human experience of the html courses University world. It is true that the economic and historical details are necessary for Institut Zugerberg, an understanding of society at a particular time and online courses Thompson place, but their true significance lies in how these things were experienced by the people who lived among them, and what they thought of their world and of themselves, and how this guided their decisions and their actions and formed their mode of life. However this is not a purely literary method, since Weber uses the ideal type as an vocabulary Institut, explanatory device, of which more will be said below. In The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism 11 Weber addresses the question: How did the specifically modern form of capitalism arise in the West during the last few centuries? 12 Weber notes that capitalism, in how to essay University of Gloucestershire (INTO), the sense of material acquisitiveness, maximization of Montana Zugerberg, wealth and write American University Preparatory School the use of it to create further wealth, for the sake of the enjoyment thereof, predated Western civilization and has long existed in various forms in essay writing Institut Montana Zugerberg, non-Western societies. What characterizes the spirit of modern capitalism is that attitude which seeks profit rationally and systematically (p.64).

This rationalization has now spread throughout Western society (except on its margins). Or rather, those who believe they run society have attempted to impose this rationalization upon it, despite resistance from those who dislike the how to a college University (INTO) curtailment of their liberty that this entails. How did this situation arise? Weber attempts to show that its origins are in fact religious, despite the fact that it initially seems implausible that modern capitalism, which has no time for spiritual values (unless the public perception of a concern therewith contributes to profits), could have its origin in religion. But Weber succeeds in making this claim plausible.

For it to seem plausible we must follow Weber in his description of the mental world of Puritan Protestantism. In Chapter 4, Part A, of The Protestant Ethic Weber presents his ideal type of Calvinist belief, remarking that we can only hope to understand their [i.e. various religious ideas] specific importance from an investigation of them in their most consistent and logical forms (p.98). According to Weber it is specifically in Calvinism, rather than Protestantism as a whole, that the spiritual basis of writing Montana, modern capitalism is to be found, and within Calvinism the specific doctrine of courses Rivers, predestination (and the effects thereof). According to this doctrine each soul is either saved or damned from vocabulary writing Institut Zugerberg its beginning, as ordained by how to write a tok essay God, with no possibility of altering its fate, either by faith, by works or by the sacraments of the Church. This, says Weber, gave rise to a feeling of unprecendented inner loneliness of the single individual (p.104).

God was remote, warmth of conduct toward one's fellows was irrelevant to one's salvation (or otherwise), and participation in the sacraments of the Church (formerly believed to have magical efficacy) was pointless. Yet the question of whether one was among the Institut Montana Zugerberg saved or the damned was the overarching question of one's life. How was one to know? Although, as Calvin taught, there was no way to know by a person's actions that they were among the elect, some actions would certainly mark a man as among the damned. Failure to attend Calvinist church services, or conduct not morally correct, was a sure sign of exclusion. Only the person who strove seriously to live their life in accord with God's will could hope to find, after death, that he had been among the elect all along. Html Courses University. 13. This led to the rationalization of salvation, i.e., the conscious planning of one's day-to-day behaviour so as to maximise the writing Zugerberg likelihood that one was, indeed, among the elect. The alternative was too horrible to contemplate. In characterizing his ideal type of Calvinist mentality Weber writes:

The world exists to serve the glorification of God and for that purpose alone. . But God requires social achievement of the Christian because He wills that social life shall be organized according to His commandments, in accordance with that purpose. (p.108) Thus labor becomes a duty to think facione State God. The laborer is called by God to perform his duty of work. Vocabulary Essay Writing Montana Zugerberg. Thus came to prominence the idea of the calling in the sense of vocation (or in more modern terms, profession). Think Facione State University. Protestant asceticism legitimated the exploitation of vocabulary Montana, this specific willingness to work [hard], in that it also interpreted the employer's business activity as a calling.(p.178). The Protestant employer endeavours that his employees, too, should work hard and efficiently, and also understand that God calls them to do so. Presuasive Essay Hurtwood. The treatment of labour as a calling became as characteristic of the modern worker as the corresponding attitude toward acquisition of the writing business man.(p.179) . intense worldly activity . alone disperses religious doubts and gives certainty of grace.(p.112) The Calvinist creates the conviction of his own salvation by a systematic self-control which at every moment stands before the inexorable alternative, chosen or damned. (p.115) In contrast to Catholicism, Calvinism taught the application of how to write an essay, this methodical self-control within worldly life, indeed, it taught the necessity of proving one's salvation by one's conduct in the world. For the vocabulary Institut Zugerberg Calvinist mentality this world does not exist for an essay sample Preparatory School, the enjoyment thereof but rather for the glorification of God. Vocabulary Essay Writing Zugerberg. For the Puritan asceticism is a virtue because enjoyment of worldly things is a dereliction of duty, using for selfish purposes what truly belongs to God alone. While the methodical self-control and essay Hurtwood House rationalisation practiced by the Protestant increases his success in worldly life, as measured principally by success in business, rational asceticism demands that the profits therefrom are not to be enjoyed, but rather are to be reinvested for essay Institut Montana, the sake of (as we now say) building up the how to a college essay (INTO) business and achieving further success.

Gradually, by rational means, market share is increased, with the vocabulary essay writing Institut Montana aim that eventually a level of control over the outer world will be reached which mirrors the control over the inner world. This obsession with control is one of the characteristics of modern capitalist society, the leaders of which attempt to control both people and natural resources, and to exploit both efficiently. The captains of modern industry, of course, do not think as the Puritans did (even though Puritanism lingers on in the civil religion of the U.S.A.). What Weber tried to show was how the essay University Puritan mentality provided one of the essential conditions for writing Institut Montana Zugerberg, the rise of modern capitalism. Having arisen and come to dominate society, capitalism no longer required its support in religious asceticism. But the mental attitudes which made the ascendancy of modern capitalism possible persist in its underlying assumptions, such as that hard work is essay Hurtwood a virtue, material prosperity is a sign of the superior man, and that he who does not wish to work (whether or not the work available is perceived as boring and pointless) is somehow reprehensible (as the Puritans earlier regarded someone who failed to do their duty to God). The Puritan, says Weber, wanted to work in a calling; we are forced to do so. (p.181)

Thus Weber tells a story that gives us insight into vocabulary Institut our own lives, shows us how aspects of our lives are rooted in specific historical antecedents. This story is not mythological but is factually verifiable, if we care to consult the historical sources that Weber drew upon (although few of us have the time and skill to do so). 5. Concluding remarks. In his The Sociological Imagination C. W. Mills wrote that sociological reseach has tended to move in three general directions: (i) A theory of how to an essay American School, history, an encyclopedic endeavour, concerned with the whole of man's social life, at Zugerberg once historical and systematic. (Weber is one of the courses Thompson Rivers best examples of this school of inquiry.) (ii) Systematic theory of the nature of man and vocabulary writing Montana Zugerberg society; static, abstract, general. (Here Talcott Parsons is the prime example.) (iii) Empirical studies of contemporary social facts and problems, with an how to a tok Macquarie University, emphasis on methodology. (Much of modern American sociology.) The conceptions of social reality which are implicit in these (and other) approaches may not all be in accord with one another. Yet we can still ask whether individually or collectively they constitute a science. When we look at the research of social scientists, do we find (as in mathematics) that hypotheses can be verified or refuted as a result of a collective examination by those qualified to do so? Or do we find (as in philosophy) that there is ongoing dispute and little agreement? The situation is not so bad as in essay Institut Zugerberg, philosophy but it is also not so good as in how to essay University, mathematics and essay writing Institut Montana natural science. University Preparatory. A sociologist of the stature of Weber may propose an essay Institut Zugerberg, explanatory hypothesis, such as that certain aspects of modern capitalism can be understood as arising from certain religious values dominant at some phase of recent social history, and other sociologists may disagree (although there is presuasive House widespread acknowledgement that Weber's explanation is both correct and essay writing Institut Zugerberg valuable).

But it is how to write an essay American School not the Montana sort of explanation which can be shown to be true beyond doubt. A sociologist may maintain some competing theory with little fear of being proven wrong. In the other schools of social inquiry mentioned by Mills there are other considerations. The hypotheses advanced by Talcott Parsons may be irrefutable simply because they are unintelligible, or they may be true because, when analysed, they are commonplace observations. Such hypotheses neither explain nor lead to knowledge. The empirical studies, largely based on interviews, may generate masses of data suitable for statistical analysis, but in the end lead to few conclusions of any significance for an understanding of society (although the results may be of interest to politicians and bureaucrats who wish to regulate society more to online Thompson University their liking). Thus sociology cannot be called a science, because it does not lead to objective knowledge in the sense discussed in Section 1 of this essay. That does not, of course, mean that social inquiry is without value or importance. The example of Max Weber's inquiry into the religious foundations of modern capitalism shows that a sociologist of vocabulary writing Institut Montana Zugerberg, his capabilities can arrive at define Boston — UMass Boston results which are not only significant for sociology as a field of essay Institut, research which aims at the rational comprehension of human society but which also are of value for understanding our own lives. [Coh] Cohn, N., The Pursuit of the Millennium, Secker Warbug, 1957; Paladin, 1970.

[Dur] Durkheim, E., The Rules of Sociological Method, transl. S. A. Solovay and J. H. Mueller, The Free Press of Glencoe, 1938. [Mil] Mills, C. Wright, The Sociological Imagination, Oxford U.P., 1959, Penguin Books, 1970. [Sch] Schwartz, A. J., Life Force — Death Force, the Structure of Human Energy and the Biology of Greed, Vantage Press, Inc., New York, 1988 (ISBN: 0-533-07769-9) [Web] Weber, M., The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Hurtwood, Capitalism, translated by Talcott Parsons, Routledge, 1992.