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Australian Dictionary of Biography. James Leslie (Les) Darcy (1895-1917), boxer and folk hero, was born on 31 October 1895 at Stradbroke, near Maitland, New South Wales, second son of native-born parents Edward Darcy (or Dorsey), labourer and later a share-farmer, and his wife Margaret, nee O'Rourke. General Writing Essay Curtin University. His grandparents came from website essay for you Tipperary, Ireland. Ielts General Writing Essay University. Leaving Oakhampton Public School in how to write an admission St Leonards School, 1907 Les worked as a carter before being apprenticed at ielts general writing Curtin University, 15 to essay writing London, Business & Hospitality School, a blacksmith at East Maitland. As his father was at times unemployed, and his elder brother was partly crippled, Les was called upon to help his large family.

Darcy made his first money in the boxing ring at 14. In 1912-13 he won several fights at Newcastle and Maitland. Ielts General Curtin Singapore. In November 1913 he lost to the Australian welter-weight champion Whitelaw, but his performance attracted the attention of the Sydney promoters. On 18 July 1914 he appeared for the first time at the Sydney Stadium, against website essay, the American Fritz Holland. Darcy was already a local hero—his supporters came from Maitland in ielts writing topics Curtin University, two special trains. When Holland won on points there was a riot; two months later Darcy lost on a foul to Holland and website for you 'the cognoscenti' were ready with elaborate accounts of how Holland had contrived the incident. They need not have worried: Darcy had impressed the promoter R. L. (Snowy) Baker. He became the stadium's leading drawcard. In January 1915 he fought the American Jeff Smith in a contest billed as a world welter-weight championship. Topics Singapore. When he lost because his seconds refused to let him continue after being hurt by a foul blow that the referee did not see, the sensation only enhanced his fame. That defeat was his last: until September 1916 he won twenty-two consecutive fights.

He was now comparatively well off—when he bought himself out of his indentures in mid-1915 each contest was netting him about ?300, and he was also being paid for exhibitions and for acting in thinking Trinity School, a film. At the end of 1915 Darcy announced his intention to accept an offer of fights in the United States of America but, probably influenced by ielts writing essay Baker, he changed his mind. Six months later the an article, political atmosphere had been radically altered by the Easter week rising in Dublin and ielts writing essay topics University Singapore W. M. Hughes's commitment to conscription; and passports were being refused to men of military age. Darcy began to come under pressure to enlist—partly at least as an example to other young men—and his predicament was aggravated by his Irish-Catholic background. His own attitude was ambivalent, but he was now anxious to go to America. Texas Gop Platform Critical School. He claimed that he wanted four or five fights there to make his family financially secure, and then he would go to Canada or England to enlist. Ielts Writing Topics Curtin University. His decision may have been influenced by for you College E. T. Topics Curtin University Singapore. O'Sullivan, an ingratiating adventurer who had made a big impression on the naive boxer.

He and O'Sullivan sailed clandestinely from Newcastle on 27 October, the website writes essay Concord, day before the referendum which, had it been carried, would have made him liable to conscription. The patriotic press denounced him as a shirker; so too, with less disinterested motives, did Baker and his connexions. In New York a major fight was arranged, but it was banned by Governor Whitman, ostensibly because of the manner in which Darcy had left Australia. The decision was disastrous for Darcy: promoters began to lose interest in him. He broke with O'Sullivan, gave some vaudeville exhibitions and on 5 April 1917 took out ielts essay University Singapore United States citizenship. A fortnight later, after a bout he had arranged in Louisiana was also banned, he volunteered for the army.

Yet another fight was arranged in Memphis, Tennessee, and Darcy's call-up was deferred so that he could train, but on 27 April he collapsed. The University. He was admitted to hospital with septicaemia and endocarditis; his tonsils were removed but he developed pneumonia and died on ielts general writing essay topics Singapore 24 May; his fiancee Winnie O'Sullivan was at his deathbed. His body was brought back to courseworks The University of Sheffield, Australia and, after immense funeral processions in San Francisco and Sydney, was buried in the Catholic section of general essay topics Singapore East Maitland cemetery. Write An Admission. Les Darcy had all the makings of a folk hero. His remarkable ring record—he lost only four professional fights and was never knocked out—was associated with a quite extraordinary physique: a muscular body apparently impervious to general writing Curtin, the heaviest blows and a reach 7 ins (18 cm) greater than his height of 5 ft 7 ins (170 cm). He neither smoked nor drank, and texas critical Trinity spent most of his income on his family; he attended Mass most mornings, one of his closest friends being the local priest. His decision to leave Australia secretly, in breach of the writing essay topics Curtin, War Precautions Act, provided the controversy (and the enemies in courseworks of Sheffield, high places) without which no hero-figure is complete: his lonely death gave him an aura of martyrdom. General Topics Curtin Singapore. So powerful a legend did he become that fifty years after his death flags flew at texas gop platform thinking School, half-mast, and general Curtin a memorial at his birthplace was unveiled by Sir William McKell, former governor-general. When he had been dead for two generations, he was still inspiring the pens of that writes Concord College Australian nationalist writers. W. Lawless, The Darcy Story (Syd, 1919) R. Swanwick, Les Darcy, Australia's Golden Boy of Boxing (Syd, 1965) Sporting Life (Sydney), June 1953 National Times , 30 Dec 1978, 6, 13 Jan 1979 document 1698 (pictorial accession 2066, State Library of New South Wales) newsclippings (Newcastle Public Library, New South Wales) private information.

W. G. McMinn, 'Darcy, James Leslie (Les) (18951917)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/darcy-james-leslie-les-5881/text10007, published first in hardcopy 1981, accessed online 3 October 2017. This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of general writing essay Curtin Biography , Volume 8, (MUP), 1981. Jiaotong-Liverpool. View the ielts essay topics, front pages for Volume 8. © Copyright Australian Dictionary of Biography, 2006-2017. Australian Dictionary of Biography. © Copyright Australian Dictionary of Biography, 2006-2017.

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Persuasive Essay On Hip Hop Music Essays and Research Papers. Introduction Hip hop has been around since the early 70s. Some may say it was . Essay University? originated in New York and others may disagree (History of Hip Hop style, 2012). However, we can all come to one conclusion that hip hop is influential. Website That Essay College? Hip hop's largest fan base is the teenager population. It has changed over time from ielts general topics Curtin, Run-DMC to The University now Lil Wayne and Drake. Hip hop will always be hip hop but it has changed overtime. It is different because of the message.

Disco , Funk , Hip hop 2217 Words | 7 Pages. February 15, 2012 The Positives and general writing essay topics University Singapore Negatives of Hip - Hop In Geoffrey Bennett’s essay titled, . “ Hip - Hop : A Roadblock or Pathway to Black Empowerment,” he speaks about the website essay Concord positive and ielts essay topics Singapore negative effects that hip - hop has on the Black Community. Bennett goes all the based New York way to ielts writing essay topics the beginning of how to write an article pdf Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool hip - hop , which he says took place in the early 1980s with rappers such as Run DMC, Public Enemy, Sugar Hill Gang and general writing essay University Singapore many others. The author then speaks about how hip - hop grew not only in Jiaotong-Liverpool University the young black African American. African American , Hip hop , Hip hop music 949 Words | 3 Pages. In the following essay I will be applying Arjun Appadurai’s theory of global cultural flows and social imagination to the two African . hip hop case studies written by Kunzler and topics Curtin University Singapore Badsha.

I will be analysing the case studies with regard to Appadurai and his theories. Appadurai’s theory was to look at the effects of globalisation on culture and how it has affected the society. He makes five very important points towards global cultural flows. Gop Platform Critical Trinity College School? He thought of general topics University it as different streams that flow into how to write an admission essay St Leonards School and. Africa , Arjun Appadurai , Culture 1925 Words | 5 Pages.

Hip Hop : The Movement and the Social Challenge Hip hop is ielts general topics Curtin Singapore, a musical culture that has undergone . rapid development and essay transformation since its origins during the 1970s in New York City. (I would consider rewording first sentence. The last part of the sentence should maybe be shortened and put at the beginning) What started off first as a relatively underground culture, has rapidly led to a major entertainment industry that has become largely commercialized within mainstream popular culture. (A little. Afrika Bambaataa , Funk , Gangsta rap 2167 Words | 6 Pages. TOPIC: Effects of hip hop music on Daystar university students THESIS: Hip hop . music has a negative effect on Daystar University students THESIS STATEMENT: Although a source of revenue, form of political and social awareness and a form of breaking down cultural barriers, hip hop Music has negative effects on Daystar University students such as, it affects their language, men’s world view towards women, and the student’s world view towards luxury, money and drugs / drug abuse and it also affects. Christian hip hop , Funk , Gangsta rap 2485 Words | 7 Pages. There are some forms of ielts writing University Singapore music that seem to transcend the sands of time. For example, the classical music pieces of university essay Glion London, Business & Hospitality School Johann . Sebastian Bach and topics Curtin Singapore Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart are still relevant in various areas of education and enjoyment today, from everyday piano lessons to how to essay School speculation of creating smarter babies. Hip Hop is writing essay topics Curtin Singapore, another form of music that seems as if it is starting to transcend the sands of texas critical thinking Trinity School time, but in a slightly different way. Since the emergence of Hip Hop at the early end of the 20th century. Disc jockey , Gangsta rap , Graffiti 1355 Words | 4 Pages.

Paper Hip - hop music is known as one of the most popularizing and popular genres in our modern society. Most of . hip - hop music is considered vulgar, offensive, and ielts essay Curtin Singapore meaningless, which can be easily displayed by hip - hop artists such as Soulja Boy and Lil’ Wayne. However, who gets lost in translation is the artist who conveys true meaning in their lyrics and sticks with the original roots of the music . For hip -hop’s short life, there has been dramatic change in the structure and culture of the music . Website For You College? Most. Funk , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 984 Words | 3 Pages. By Ronald Roach As a cultural movement, hip - hop manages to get billed as both a positive and negative influence on young . people, especially on Black and Latino youth. Essay Topics University? On one hand, there are African American activists, artists and entrepreneurs, such as Russell Simmons, who seek to build a progressive political movement among young hip - hop fans and who have had modest success with voter registration efforts. On the other hand, there’s no shortage of critics who denounce the negative portrayals. African American , Black people , British hip hop 1420 Words | 4 Pages. English 101 September 11, 2013 For the website writes for you Concord College love of Music Everyone expresses themselves in a variety of ways getting lost in ielts Curtin University their own world . only to be understood by write an admission essay School them, this lost realm in ielts topics University which people enter is essay, very vague, there isn’t much to it but the ielts University feelings and emotions brought upon by the music . Certain songs or artists/bands seem to strike very emotional ties with many people and that includes me, but idea of what music is undefined. Music doesn’t take shape or size but it essentially forms. Eminem , Emotion , Funk 1511 Words | 4 Pages.

Hip - hop music has been an integral part of the American culture since the 1970s. . Hip - hop music , which encompasses rapping, disc jockeying, break dancing, and graffiti writing, has become so popular that American culture has adopted the music in mainstream fashion and modern language. The conflict on whether hip - hop music is “art or poison” has been continuous. Some Americans support hip - hop as an essential art form, while others dispute that hip - hop has harmful effects on the American culture. Crime , Funk , Gang 939 Words | 3 Pages. Professor Marini Research Paper; 12pm Hip Hop Phenomenon Barack Obama once stated, “The thing about open essay Business & Hospitality School, . hip - hop today is it's smart, it's insightful.

The way they can communicate a complex message in a very short space is ielts general essay Curtin University, remarkable (Morgan 927).” Hip Hop has evolved through the The University of Sheffield years by the people who participate in it. The message in writing essay University Singapore the lyrics that hip hop artist speak are usually directed to the youth community. Critical Thinking Trinity College School? Hip Hop is spread throughout the world. Hip Hop was started by the youth and is continuing. Eminem , Hip hop , Hip hop music 1613 Words | 5 Pages. “ Hip - Hop , The Renaissance” By Christopher Bowman Christopher Bowman “ Hip - Hop , The . Renaissance” They say they never really miss you til you dead or you gone So on that note I’m leaving after the song. Ielts General Writing Curtin Singapore? A wise MC by the name of essay Glion London, School Shawn Corey Carter told me this as his Black Album gave me identical eclectic vibes I felt listening to the likes of Curtin Singapore Digable Planets, Big L, Big Daddy Kane, Big Pun, Common, Mos Def and others artists born of “The Renaissance”. I have come to inform you all. Big Daddy Kane , DJ Kool Herc , Hip hop 963 Words | 3 Pages. Music has been around since the how to an admission essay beginning of civilization. Music was used to writing Curtin University Singapore tell myths, religious stories, and warrior tales. . Since the beginning of civilization music has greatly progressed.

Music still tells a story, we know just have many genres to satisfy the cultural and social tastes of our modern society. Hip Hop is of Sheffield, a genre of music that has significantly grown the last couple of decades. It's increased popularity has brought it to the forefront of globalization. Technological advances has. British hip hop , Funk , Grandmaster Flash 2091 Words | 5 Pages. Hip hop music , also called hip - hop ,[1][2] rap music ,[2][3][4] or . hip - hop music ,[2][5] is a music genre consisting of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted.[2] It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching, break dancing, and graffiti writing.[6][7][8] Other elements include sampling (or synthesis), and Singapore beatboxing. While often used to refer to texas College rapping. Afrika Bambaataa , Disc jockey , Disco 1873 Words | 6 Pages.

? Hip Hop : From ‘the street’ to ‘Wall Street’ Hip - hop music is known for being an . Writing Essay University? outlet for African Americans to express themselves, whether it be political criticism, social criticism, injustice, youth rebellion, oppression or some other social concept. The music has changed form over time, from spirituals sang by slaves to powerful raps about society to meaningless degradation sang by ‘thugs’ and essay for you Concord ‘gangsters’. Ielts Writing Essay Topics? Today, hip - hop music exists in many forms, some of which hold true to The University the meaningfulness. Gangsta rap , Grandmaster Flash , Hip hop 2665 Words | 6 Pages. Inside Out Hip - hop WORKSHEET A Jo For many people hip - hop is synonymous with rap . music , but I’d say it refers to a whole subculture that emerged with rap in the United States – especially New York – in ielts general writing essay Curtin the late 1970s and has since become truly international.

Rapping (or ‘MCing’) and courseworks The University DJing are the two main components of hip - hop music . Maybe you could describe rap as a form of expression that is general writing University, somewhere between speech, poetry and song. Other parts of that writes for you hip - hop culture are specific styles of dancing. Dr. Dre , Eminem , Gangsta rap 1008 Words | 4 Pages. ? “The Roots and Stylistic Foundations of the Rap Music and Tradition” Hip - Hop as well as many other artistic . cultural forms we practice today can be related back to African culture and various traditions. Author of The Roots and ielts essay topics Stylistic Foundations of the Rap Music and Tradition, Cheryl Keyes, discuss’ the spirit, style, tradition, emotions, culture and the delivery of music . Texas Gop Platform Thinking Trinity? Keyes says that many of these practices can be traced back to the West Afrikan Bardic Tradition in particular. Ielts Writing Essay Topics Curtin Singapore? When. African American , Culture , Funk 968 Words | 3 Pages.

?“ Hip - hop reflects the truth, and the problem is that hip - hop exposes a lot of the negative truth . that society tries to conceal. It's a platform where we could offer information, but it's also an escape.”- Busta Rhymes ( Hip Hop Quotes) Hip hop does contain a largely negative influence into the American society by black men getting into violence, assaulting black women physically and concerning about their education, their employment and their incarceration. The hip hop music influence young black. African American , Black people , Hip hop music 1093 Words | 3 Pages. Hip - hop over the past three decades has greatly developed and spread throughout many countries of the world. It is widely . listened to today, especially by the youth. Its unique musical style has captivated people of all ages and more importantly, races. Hip - hop is open essay writing Glion Business, a style all its own, original in general writing essay topics Curtin University Singapore its music , clothing, and language. Regardless of write culture, background, and native countries, hip - hop has made a name for itself among all people. Perhaps one of the biggest ideas concerning the essay topics University hip - hop phenomenon. African American , African American history , Black people 958 Words | 3 Pages.

Industry Hip - Hop Culture This essay aims to examine the an admission essay importance of the ielts writing topics University Singapore Hip - Hop . culture in open university essay writing Glion & Hospitality School 21st century society. It will begin with consideration of the history of Hip - Hop , discussing its stylistic adaptations, cultural preferences and writing essay Curtin concerns, referring to the studies of black culture by coursework based degrees Ellis Cashmore and Mark Neal. General Writing Topics Curtin? Within this I will explore the ethnicity and authenticity of the culture, with reference to last years Popular Music and its Cultural Context unit. The essay will then move. African American , Cultural studies , Funk 2240 Words | 7 Pages. reference to hip - hop . Courseworks The University Of Sheffield? I: Introduction Increasingly over the past twenty years, hip - hop has . transformed from “marginalised to mainstream” (Motley amp; Henderson, 2008, p.243) as more and more of the world’s youth follow the genre. With these growing numbers all over the world there is simultaneously growing concern that hip - hop is ielts general University, increasingly homogenised as artists adopt the genre. This essay will address both the how to write an article University homogenous and hybrid aspects of hip - hop , arguing that true hip - hop must contain. African American , Culture , Globalization 1855 Words | 5 Pages.

Wilson May 14, 2010 Hip - hop as a Cultural Movement What first comes to mind nowadays when you hear the word . ‘ hip - hop ’? Most people think of a gangster embellished in ielts general writing Curtin Singapore large diamonds, sporting baggy clothes, huge cars, all with a general disregard for the welfare of humanity. It wasn’t always like this: hip - hop was originally born as a recreational activity, used as an outlet to cope with poverty. The notion of critical thinking School hip - hop has clearly changed in a big way since the general writing essay advent of hip - hop culture back in. Boogie Down Productions , Disc jockey , Gangsta rap 2620 Words | 7 Pages. Hip-Hop Music and Its Adverse Affect on Women. Hip - Hop Music and gop platform critical thinking School Its Negative Impact on African American Women Irma Royster . Sociology 370-01 Professor Woods 4 March, 2011 ABSTRACT In the world of hip - hop music , the topics Singapore message for young women is that in order to be considered beautiful, you have to take your clothes off or allow yourself to be demeaned and degraded by the rappers/ hip - hop artist in coursework Academy the entertainment field. Ielts Topics? People outside the African American community see these portrayals of. African American , Black people , Funk 1653 Words | 6 Pages. is something you do, Hip hop is something you live A historical reflection of Hip Hop Name: . Website Writes Essay For You Concord College? Jake Parker Student number: 100072668 Date: Friday, March 30, 2007 Professor: Mark Adam Let's bring it back with that Ol' New York rap. Hip hop is essay topics University Singapore, amazing, straight up.

It's not just the music , it's everything involved with the The University of Sheffield four elements of hip hop ; the essay emceeing (rapping), the how to an article pdf Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University DJing, the graffiti, and the break dancing. When I was younger I used to ielts general essay Curtin University search for hip - hop and rap albums never. Disc jockey , Grandmaster Flash , Hip hop 1377 Words | 4 Pages. The Influence of open university essay writing Business Hip Hop on Today's Youth. Analysis Essay The Influence of Hip Hop on Today’s Youth “After silence, that which comes nearest to . expressing the inexpressible is music .” This profound statement from English writer, Aldous Huxley, demonstrates the writing essay topics importance that music obtains in today’s society. Gop Platform Thinking? Simply, music is a form of ielts Singapore expression, not limited to for you College any specific genre. Although this expression is ielts general Singapore, not limited to one genre, there is one that seemingly obtains the title of most controversial.

The Rap/ Hip - Hop genre has. African American , African American culture , Black people 2254 Words | 6 Pages. walked on this earth, music has been an important part of our culture and lifestyles. Each walk of life beats to a different drum. Different . cultures use music for website Concord College many aspects of their lives; for religious purposes, for celebrations, for ielts general essay topics Curtin comfort, for sorrow, for relaxation, for sports, for dances, for energy, for learning, for sleeping, and for based New York Academy sexual experiences. Everyone uses music for something. Music connects with people and reaches them in ways that words simply cannot. Music is a representation. Busta Rhymes , Eminem , Hip hop 2875 Words | 7 Pages. I think Ill be reading about how music in ielts essay Curtin this generation has changed our world.

Paragraph 1: What does this paragraph tell you . about how McBride feels about hip hop ? He dislikes hip hop because he feels as if it isnt music , that all rappers are bad influences. Website Writes Concord College? Paragraph 1: What does McBride realize in this nightmare scenario? What McBride realizes is that he is going to live in a hip hop planet where everything is about music because his daughter is writing essay Curtin University Singapore, marrying a rapper. Deejaying , Eminem , Hip hop 282 Words | 2 Pages. Hip Hop In the 1990’s hip hop culture went through major changes. Hip . hop which originally started in the South Bronx as a street born cultural movement transformed into much more. There are four types also known as the courseworks of Sheffield pillars of hip hop , DJ-ing,MC-ing, ( also know as rapping ), break dancing, and graffiti. All of that pretty much faded away with the 90’s and rap was left to University take control.

Rap in website essay for you Concord College the 1980’s was thought to be a force, until MC hammer,Tupac, and ielts topics Curtin University Biggie Smalls took over the radio. Gangsta rap , Hip hop , Hip hop music 1034 Words | 3 Pages. Jackson It’s Not the Music , It’s Probably Just You Many people assume that the reason why young, African-American teens behave a . certain way is because of the courseworks music they listen to these days. The music that these urban kids are listening to is primarily Hip Hop which is if you don’t know is a genre of music that is ielts writing topics, characterized by a performer speaking rhythmically, or rapping, over a backing track that often but not always consists of an article pdf Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University loops or samples of other music woven together (www.globalpost. Boogie Down Productions , Gangsta rap , Hip hop 1253 Words | 2 Pages. Hip - Hop Goes Global It has been a quarter of a century since hip - hop first made its mark on writing essay topics Curtin University Singapore, the . American music scene.

Hip - hop has become a popular trend that is echoing around the world. By definition, hip - hop refers to a culture that embraces a particular music , language, attitude, and dress fashioned after disadvantaged urban youth. Born out of the ghettos of the how to write an article University South Bronx, New York, and ielts general writing topics University created by black and Latino youth in the late 1970's and early 1980's, this music genre closely identified. Funk , Gangsta rap , Globalization 929 Words | 3 Pages. ? Hip Hop History Along with the texas critical thinking College immensely popular genre of hip hop music , . hip hop dance history is general writing essay Singapore, a facet that has really boosted the popularity of the hip hop culture. Open University Essay Glion London, Business School? Over a period of time hip hop dance has really caught on big time in the mainstream media, and essay Singapore the exposure it is given nowadays, is courseworks The University of Sheffield, a good indicator of how many people across the world really relate to it and practice it.

There are many old school and ielts writing topics University Singapore new school dance forms that have embraced the open essay Glion & Hospitality hip hop dance culture now, and. Dance , DJ Kool Herc , Hip hop 873 Words | 3 Pages. Sex, Drugs and Killings: Negative Effects of Hip Hop Music. Negative Affects of general University Hip - Hop Music - Term Papers - Nikki0405 Page 1 of 3 Log I | Si U p n gn . Essays Book N ot es Ciaton G enerat t i or M ore http://www.studymode.com/ essays /Negative-Affects- Hip - Hop - Music -144979.html 4/1/2013 Negative Affects of Hip - Hop Music - Term Papers - Nikki0405 Page 2 of 3 H i hop m usi has been an i egralpartoft Am eri pc nt he can culure si t nce t 1970s.H i hop m usi w hi encom passes rappi di j he pc, ch ng, sc ockeyi ng, break danci and. Cyrillic alphabet , Gh , Guttermouth 1124 Words | 4 Pages. representations of write University women in ielts writing essay topics University music , does hip hop deserve its bad rap? Almost exclusively blamed for coursework based New York Film the negative . images of women in essay University music videos, hip hop is often perceived as unforgivingly misogynistic.

In hip hop and rap, many of the coursework based degrees lyrics and general essay Singapore images portray women of all ethnicities as sexual objects and depict the exploitation of and violence against women. Texas Gop Platform Thinking Trinity College? The image of dozens of semi-naked women dancing provocatively around one blinged-out rapper has become standard in essay topics Curtin University Singapore music videos. Similarly, pimps. African American , Funk , Gangsta rap 1111 Words | 3 Pages. The Influence of courseworks The University of Sheffield Hip Hop on the Black-American Culture. 10/25/12 UWP 102i Definition Rough Draft Essay Hip Hop Benefitting or Blacklisting Black Culture? . Hip Hop as a musical genre has gone through much change not only in the content of the music , but the message conveyed and writing topics Curtin Singapore how many would say it has in some ways defined black culture in the last 20 years.

A significant amount of Academy hip hop music nowadays is writing essay topics University Singapore, geared towards painting this unrealistic image of hyper-materialism, sexism, and violence that ultimately assists in dragging black culture. Affirmative action , African American , Black Canadians 1331 Words | 4 Pages. The Hip Hop Defense Everyone has an opinion about the influence of courseworks hip -- hop music . on our nations youth. Many people, such as politicians and the ultra conservative, feel the influence is destructive and incites violent behavior. Some people, for instance the media, believe hip - hop glamorizes inappropriate behaviors and actions while promoting the demoralization of women in general, but more specifically black women. Few people are willing to speak out and defend hip - hop music as communicative. Al Sharpton , Art , Bruce Willis 795 Words | 3 Pages. Exploratory Paper Mrs. Dickens RHT 160-052 15 February 2008 Is Hip Hop Dead. I can still recall the ielts topics Curtin first . Coursework Based Degrees Film? hip hop album I listened to. It was Reasonable Doubt by ielts topics University Jay Z. I remember how I instantly fell in love with the lyrics.

I hadn’t heard anything like it before, primarily because I only listened to essay St Leonards School RB and some watered down rap music . The lyrics were hard hitting. They meant something. I could his hunger through the speakers as he rapped his song entitled “Can I Live” which said “Well. Gangsta rap , Hip hop , Hip hop music 1491 Words | 4 Pages. Place Hip hop is ielts general writing essay topics Curtin University, a form of art that has been popular for the past twenty years. Although people in recent years often mistake . Website For You Concord College? rap music as vulgar and ill-mannered, the ielts general essay hip hop community continues to provide a great way to channel emotion and soul into their music . In his article, “The State of Rap: Time and coursework based New York Film Academy Place” Jeffrey Louis Decker illustrates the black nationalism within the hip hop community by exploring how Black Nationalism can be accounted for within the hip hop music . Before hip hop was. African American , Afrika Bambaataa , Eminem 938 Words | 3 Pages. decline of hip - hop Name: Georjette Jeanlouis Class: English CP Date: 6/6/2014 There are many definitions of this term . called hip - hop ; mainly hip - hop is not just a genre of music … or just a word. Hip - Hop is ielts general writing topics Curtin Singapore, a lifestyle some people live by that is consisting of four elements-- such as break dancing, graffiti art, disc jockey, and master of comedy-- coining together to form this term called “ Hip - Hop ”. Hip - hop has taken America by writes for you Concord College the storm with their new fashion trends, latest music . Topics Curtin University Singapore? Although. Afrika Bambaataa , Disc jockey , DJ Kool Herc 1150 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and courseworks The University Contrast The Sounds of Life House and Hip Hop , are two very similar genres of music . However, no . matter how similar these two types of music sound, they are still very different.

Hip Hop and House music are two very popular kinds of music today. General Writing Essay Topics University Singapore? Some Hip Hop artists that you might be familiar with are MosDef, The Roots, De La Soul, Jurassic 5. Some House music artists are Mark Farina, Chemical Brothers, Inland Knights, JT Donaldson and Deadmau5. All of these artists and groups . Disco , Funk , Hip hop 922 Words | 3 Pages. 101 Honors Hip - Hop : Dead or Alive Since the invention of the internet and coursework based degrees New York Academy P2P (peer 2 peer) downloading all genres of . music have become victims of free music downloads and ielts writing essay University suffered in record sales. However, why has hip - hop music seemingly taken an extra hit? According to how to write an admission essay School Billboard Magazine, “since 2000, rap sales dropped 44%,and declined to 10% of all music sales, which, while still a commanding figure when compared to other genres, is a significant drop from the 13% of all music sales where rap.

Crunk , Eminem , Hip hop 1049 Words | 3 Pages. ? Hip Hop and America’s youth community Jason C. Ielts Writing Essay Topics Curtin? Hudson ENGL 1133: Freshman Composition II Dr. Texas Thinking Trinity School? Trninic March 27, 2014 . Music is general writing topics Curtin Singapore, a large part of website writes College life, it is general writing essay University, important to America’s culture and identity. Music can produce a negative effect on behavior and susceptible audiences, leading to aggressive behavior in how to write Jiaotong-Liverpool University many of American youth. There have been many debates over hip - hop and its influence on the youth community in writing Curtin University America. Some people believe that it has a negative. Disc jockey , Funk , Gangsta rap 1268 Words | 6 Pages. Shannon Eng 22 Maddox March 9, 2013 The Evolution of coursework based degrees New York Academy Hip - Hop The world of music alone is writing University Singapore, always evolving, . however we've come to a conclusion that the message the artist convey in Concord College hip - hop music in this generation are not helping out ielts Singapore or paving the way for the next generation.

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What is hip - hop ? A culture and form of ielts general writing Curtin ground breaking music and self expression with elements that consisted of the elements of graffiti art, DJing, MCing, and breaking. It began in The University of Sheffield the 1970s as an underground movement in the South Bronx area of New York City. Hip hop is used as an. Graduation , Hip hop , Hip hop music 875 Words | 3 Pages. The Golden Era of East Coast Hip-Hop.

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It gave birth to a new musical genre known as “rap,” a rhythmic style in write an admission School which lyrics are spoken or chanted. General Writing Essay Topics Curtin Singapore? Over the. Afrika Bambaataa , Disc jockey , Graffiti 1109 Words | 3 Pages.

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Shop Makeover Series: Writing a Business Plan. Share this article on: Tricia McKellar loves talking about the possibilities found in art, business, and ielts general topics University marketing. She is the founder of Wonder Thinking and is currently far along on the path of creating her indie business. Gop Platform Critical Thinking! An artist an writing Curtin University Singapore IT geek, she sells prints of her dreamy photography in her Etsy Shop, eyeful . Do you have a business plan? If it’s like mine, it’s a collection of based New York Academy brilliant and writing topics Curtin University Singapore amazing ideas — in your head. It’s easy to put off writing a business plan and based New York Film instead have vague ideas of a creative business direction. So why write a business plan now? Because it’s a new year and it’s time to get specific about goals and directions by clarifying your thoughts through the act of writing. Ielts Writing University Singapore! First, think about how your business plan will be used. Courseworks The University! If your plan is ielts general writing essay topics Curtin University, just for your use, the how to St Leonards, form and content can be creative.

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great tips. thanks! Thank you so much for the advice! It's really helpful to know these things. Great advice Im gonna download that now :) I am off to download the plan.

Thanks for a very valuable perspective. great tips! i love the book finds too! xox. awesome tips! Thank you so much. :) Great post! I'll be working on my business plan very soon.

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Great post! Off to check out ielts general essay topics Curtin, Wonder Thinking! Yay, just what I needed! I'll be downloading that for sure! Thanks for this. I need to revise my plan (admittedly not complete!). Also, thanks for featuring my weekly notepad. Texas Trinity School! Much appreciated. Happy Planning everyone. :) this is so great! much appreciation! Great motivation!

I need to flesh out my current plan a bit and find somewhere to write it down other than scrap pieces of ielts writing topics notebook paper. :] Thanks for sharing this with us! Fantabuloussss! Thank you. Very Helpful!!Thanks Etsy. Great read! Love her shop :) I have owned my own business for an article pdf Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool, 17 years now and ielts general writing topics Singapore I owe all my success to Business Plans. Your article is great Sam. Fantastic info!

Thanks, Tricia! Artist as an Entrpeneur in Cleveland : http://www.cose.org/COSE%20Arts%20Network/Artist%20as%20Entrepreneur%20Institute.aspx and the one I took in Florida - http://www.broward.org/Arts/Artists/Pages/AEI.aspx have classes with professionals geared to writting business plans especially for artists - It was the best Saturday workshop I ever attended to help my business grow. oh love this. I love making lists and how to write having goals for my shop. Ielts General Writing Topics University! I too love that etsy now has the how to an admission essay, stats so I can see my progression or what months I need to work harder at for sales. comparing past years with current. so true, time to make a good plan and stick to it! thank you for general essay topics Curtin Singapore, your tips! I reviewed the download and it provides a lot of great ideas to think about. I was just thinking that I need to focus and this is an excellent way to do it. New York Academy! Thanks! Excellent advice, thank you!

Just what I needed1 A kick in the pants! Thank you. I know what I am doing this afternoon! so helpful, thank you. Zoe. i need this thank you -rose. Great!! I downloaded it already! ;-) Very helpful!! Thank you! This is ielts general writing topics Curtin, exactly the kind of guidance I need.

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Thank you. Thank you so much, this was incredibly helpful for a newbie! Great advices!! Thank you so much!! Thank you for the post. Does anyone have any advice on how to how to an admission St Leonards go about finding a business model or two? Great Tips! Thanks For Sharing! This is ielts general essay University Singapore, good!

One of my goals is to get a solid business plan in place this year. Good tips! Relatively new to the blogs..any ideas for getting word about your shop out? This is great, and I love the workbook download. Thank you!

Thank you everyone for the sweet comments. And a big Thank You to Daniellexo for gop platform critical thinking College, inviting me to post on Etsy's blog. EliteArtisans, for getting the word out about your shop, social media works well-- blogging, facebook, twitter. Essay Singapore! You might also join a team! Treasury or otherwise. http://www.wonderthinking.com/2011/01/etsy-treasury-team/ Also, you might think about contacting bloggers and how to St Leonards School asking them to write about you. Writing Essay Topics Curtin Singapore! http://www.wonderthinking.com/2009/11/how-to-contact-bloggers/ Good luck with your shop! And convo or email me anytime and let me know what topics you'd like to see on Wonder Thinking! :) --Tricia. Thanks for sharing.

I have a business as a wedding planner. Of course I wrote a business plan for it..duh..Thank You for your article encouraging me to do the same for writing, my MillCityCrochet business on Etsy! *lightbulb;) Thanks so much for Curtin University Singapore, the links! I'm just about to launch and this is on write Jiaotong-Liverpool University, my to-do list. :) Thank you so much for offering an awesome free Business Plan guide! I just printed it and I can't wait to get started. So can your plan be to have no plan? Perhaps this is why I never get anything done. I should check this out ielts general writing topics Singapore, - right after my nap. Thanks for write St Leonards School, the link!

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Excellent advice, thank you! Thanks for the tips Tricia! A plan is always a good idea because it keeps you focused and on track. Thank you for based Film Academy, the free download/business plan template. I found this article to be very helpful as a seller. Ielts General Writing Topics Curtin University! It's definitely helped reel in, collect, and at least begin to organize some of The University my thoughts and ideas. Thanks again! I really appreciate these resources being so readily available. This will all be very helpful. Thanks!

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Oh such fabulous advice! :)) As a newbie, my plan is most definitely still all in my head. Thank you for university Glion & Hospitality School, the good advice. I am going to download the ielts general writing essay Curtin Singapore, workbook you suggested, and get started today! Just FYI the link listed as The Wonder Thinking Business Plan-o-Rama goes to a viagra website. This is so accessible! Thank you.

just getting started. Trying to make the essay St Leonards School, best decisions I can with the limits of my business knowledge. This is so helpful and kind of topics University Singapore you to help. I am new to London, & Hospitality School selling on Etsy, and I appreciate your taking the time to share your Shop Makeover advice. Thanks! Looks great. thank you.

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Analysis of “Why I Make Sam Go to Church” Essay Sample. Chances are if you grew up in the south, then you most likely have been to a church service before. I remember as a kid getting the wakeup call every Sunday morning from my mom, “Get up and get dressed for writing essay topics Curtin University, church!” Even if I did not feel like going, she would drag me out of bed and make me go. Anne Lamott writes about the same thing in her essay “Why I Make Sam Go to Church.” Lamott wrote “Why I Make Sam Go to Church” in 1999 as part of a collection of autobiographical essays in a book called Traveling Mercies. My main reaction to this work was a positive one.

I thought the essay was eye opening in a sense and it shows that everyone needs guidance and help from others sometimes. In Lamott’s short story, Why I Make Sam Go to Church, she talks about the influence the church had on her life while going through single motherhood and raising her son. Of course she talks about the reasons she makes Sam go to church, it’s in the title, but she also talks about how regularly going to church has positively affected her and her son. Also how the other members of the congregation took her in as one of them without judging and basically supported her. Sam opposes his mother most likely because he is a child and like other children he just wants to do what he wants to do. Lamott even says “What young boy would rather be in texas critical Trinity College School, church on general topics the weekends than hanging out with a friend?” (Lamott 99) The main purpose for making Sam be present at church is open university & Hospitality said on page 100 “The main reason is to give him what I found in writing Curtin Singapore, the world, which is to say a path and a little light to see by.” (Lamott 100) It isn’t hard to see here that Lamott just wants the best for her son and wants him to have what she grasped from the church. Degrees Film Academy! There are many supplementary reasons for requiring Sam attend church. These include not only the emotional support but also the financial support given to ielts general writing Curtin University Lamott by the congregation. The financial support subsided after Anne got on her feet but there was one old little lady, Mary Williams, that continued to give bags of dimes to how to an admission St Leonards School her even as she is doing better money-wise. Mary Williams was another reason not only because of the money but also because she loved to see Sam and would give him a big hug and ielts general writing essay topics University smell him behind his ears every time she saw him. Critical School! Lamott also talks about a sense of ielts writing essay Curtin stability and belonging to the church.

She says “The church became my home in the old meaning of home—that it’s where, when you show up, they have to let you in.” (Lamott 100) I believe she just wanted to be a part of website that writes Concord something greater than herself, part of the bigger picture. Lamott just wanted her son to be around all of this positive influence. She references this positivity on page 100 “They [the congregation] follow a brighter light than the glimmer of their own candle; they are part of something beautiful.” (Lamott 100) The organization of the ielts general writing essay Curtin University Singapore passage is not necessarily in a chronological order but is still presented in an orderly manner. It is thinking College organized in order to keep the reader captivated and still be interesting within the body of the essay. Ielts Writing Singapore! Lamott most probably wrote this passage with intention for either her son to see, to influence other parents to courseworks of Sheffield get their children in church, or even for Curtin University Singapore, religious skeptics. The style of The University of Sheffield this composition evokes a sort of spiritual feeling but is writing Curtin University Singapore modern at Glion London, Business & Hospitality, the same time. Since the essay is written in first person, we get to see a small portion of Lamott’s outlook on ielts general topics Curtin Singapore life. The key points she talks about how to University, are from her own understanding. Maybe the plot is going from being poor with no one to call a friend to being better off and actually having people that generally care about general Curtin University, her.

After reading “Why I Make Sam Go to Church” I got to thinking about it and I will most likely make my kids attend church regularly when I become a parent. When I was growing up, being in church every Sunday was the norm. Even though I haven’t been in a while since I’ve come to how to write an admission essay School college and I am nowhere near perfect, I believe my mom forcing me to go to church has helped to shape the person I am today. I would want the same for my kids. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Analysis of “Why I Make Sam Go to ielts topics Singapore Church” essay editing for only $13.9 per website writes Concord page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!

Relevant essay suggestions for Analysis of ielts essay Curtin Singapore “Why I Make Sam Go to Church” Baptists, Protestant Christians who accept the coursework based New York Film Academy basic doctrine of the ielts essay Singapore 16th-century Reformation but have added other beliefs and practices, including baptism of believers by write essay St Leonards, immersion only, the separation of Church#8230; Why did Henry VIII create the Church of England? In this essay I am going to try and find out general writing essay Curtin University Singapore why King Henry VIII created the The University Church of England. In 1532 he broke with papal authority and announced himself#8230; Discipleship and a Heathy Church. A healthy church is one whose members are truly converted to Christ. Not to the church; not to the family or the preacher; but to the Lord! Everything depends on#8230; Critical appreciation of diary of a church mouse. John Betjeman, an English poet, broadcaster and writer on architecture was born on 6th April 1906. Ielts General Essay Topics University! One is tempted to say of Betjeman that he is an architect masque#8217; and#8230; Description of Catholic Church Service. On April 3, I visited the 9:00 AM mass at Holy Family Catholic Church in Kirkland with my grandma who has been a practicing Catholic her entire life. The church#8230;

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English 245: Film Form and Culture. Sound in the Opening Montage. “This is the end…” Actually, just the beginning, of Apocalypse Now . In class, I showed the opening scene of the film but didn’t say much about it. That’s because it’s a very well-known – and brilliant – use of sound in the film. Writing Essay Curtin Singapore! It functions as an unconventional overture, as it introduces not only Captain Willard, the main character, but also some of the major themes in the film. Let me focus on the song for a moment. The song you hear on the soundtrack during the an admission essay, opening montage is “The End” by writing essay topics University, The Doors. Why a song about the end at the beginning of the coursework based Film, film? Because it indicates the end of Captain Willard’s illusions about the war, and general writing topics University Singapore the end of America’s illusions as well.

The film was made in gop platform critical thinking College, 1979, four years after the Vietnam War ended, and it was a bitter, soul-searching time – what President Jimmy Carter infamously called a time of “malaise” in the country. The United States had lost a war for general writing essay Curtin University, the first time in website writes College, its history; it’s technological prowess and superiority had been bested by a rag-tag communist liberation army. This opening scene is much more about 1979 than 1969 (around the general writing Curtin University, time the film is set). If the director Francis Ford Coppola had chosen a different song, even a different song by The Doors, the how to pdf Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool, effect and the message would have been quite different. Ielts General Essay Topics University! I should note that the film came out before popular music (rather than a composed score) became the texas gop platform Trinity School, norm for movie soundtracks. This innovation in Apocalypse Now suggests that Coppola chose the song for the way it helped communicate the deeper meaning of his film. In your textbook, the ielts general topics Curtin Singapore, authors write about the “use of sound to open university essay & Hospitality, indicate character subjectivity” (236). University! They also mention that “often diegetic music reveals character traits” (237). All this is true of the use of the song at the beginning of website that writes essay Concord Apocalypse Now . It takes us inside the boozy head of general writing University Singapore Willard in the hotel room. It reveals to us what Willard is thinking, in all it surreal contours.

We hear other sounds mediated through Willard’s subjectivity in this scene, such as the distorted sound of a ceiling fan, which turns into the distorted sound of helicopter blades – the ubiquitous sound we hear throughout the how to write pdf Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, film, and throughout most Vietnam War films (Korean War films too, such as Robert Altman’s M.A.S.H. Ielts General Essay University! ). Degrees Film Academy! These are sounds that Willard is hearing. The fact that the sound is distorted tells us it’s coming from Willard’s subjective viewpoint. So, just as camera shots can be subjective (such as the shot of the reflection of the snow-globe at the beginning of Citizen Kane ), so too can sounds. One of the best ways to use sound to get into the head of writing essay topics Curtin University Singapore characters is the voice-over. As you know, there is plenty of that in writes essay for you Concord, Apocalypse Now . The very first line that Willard utters in voice-over signals the unconventional use of this device in the film: “Saigon. Topics Curtin Singapore! Shit. . . . University Writing London, & Hospitality School! Still in Saigon.” In this one line, heard alongside the music of a marching band outside the window, Willard not only ielts essay Curtin Singapore, swears, but shows his utter revulsion in regards to the war, while at texas critical thinking Trinity College, the same time showing that he can’t wait to get back to the jungle. Like a lot of soldiers in Vietnam, and elsewhere in other wars, Willard hates the ielts general writing essay topics University Singapore, war but is lost and unmotivated without it. It gives his life meaning. I think you would agree with me (and disagree with the script-writing guru Robert McKee [of Adaptation ]) that, in Apocalypse Now , the voice-over is vital, not only for presenting vital information about character and plot, but for taking us inside the courseworks The University, head of the lead character, revealing to us his subjective take on the insanity of war. This is the famous scene where the cowboy-surfer Colonel Kilgore bombs a Vietnamese village “back to the Stone Age,” destroying a village in order to save it.

He provides a soundtrack for his bombing raid: “The Ride of the Valkyries,” from a Richard Wagner opera. Your textbook authors explain: The choice of music is an intertextual reference to [D. W. Griffiths’s film] The Birth of a Nation , whose original score featured Wagner’s music accompanying the Ku Klux Klan’s triumphant charge. Ielts Essay Curtin University Singapore! Moreover, the choice of Wagner here is a historical reference to German fascism, as Adolf Hitler admired Wagner’s music and the composer’s anti-Semitic writing. (260). As the textbook authors note, there is parallel sound editing in this scene, as the choppers blaring Wagner alternate with shots of a quiet village, where only the sound of children can be heard, and then a relatively soft alarm bell. The sound of the an article University, loud choppers and music slowly builds in the shots of the quiet village, creating a sense of ielts writing topics Curtin dread.

The textbook authors explain that. The abrupt movement from loud to open university essay writing London, & Hospitality School, soft shifts the audience’s identification, so that the excitement audiences might otherwise share with the soldiers onscreen gives way to empathy for the villagers. Sound editor Walter Murch’s manipulation of ielts general topics Curtin University Singapore volume in this scene puts audiences in the position of the attacked, as well as the attacker. (260). This split identification not only defines the audience’s experience, but also the how to essay School, experience of the war on the “home-front,” with the general writing essay topics University Singapore, American populace nearly split on the justness of the New York Film Academy, Vietnam War. The use of sound in this part of the film is writing essay Curtin also part of a larger sound design in the film, in texas gop platform thinking Trinity School, which periods of quiet alternate with bombastic noise. Characters having to writing essay Curtin Singapore, yell over the sound of shooting, bombing, and the cries of the coursework based New York Film Academy, wounded (and the sound of a priest saying mass during the raid, and the sound of a cow being lifted by a helicopter, etc.) – or use radio or megaphones – is not bad sound design. The noise is an inescapable part of modern, mechanized war.

In the first half of the film, the audience is encouraged to identify the noise with modern American society, and the quiet with rural Vietnam. It illustrates this statement by your textbook authors: “Because dialogue tends to overwhelm sound effects, those rare moments when sound effects do compete with dialogue are particularly important” (251). In regards to sound in films, if it’s soft and hard to hear, it’s important. The quieter it is on the soundtrack, the harder you should listen. Let me illustrate the sound vs. silence rhythm in ielts writing topics University, Apocalypse Now by focusing on a quiet scene that comes between the loud and disturbing opening montage, and the much louder Air Cavalry scene. This is coursework based degrees New York Film a scene that I discussed in class, where Willard meets with three men in the private quarters of a general, and essay topics University is given his mission to kill Colonel Kurtz. First, there’s the background music in the scene (which you really have to website writes essay for you College, listen for). Writing Essay Topics! It’s what we would call “muzak,” or “easy-listening” music.

It defines the general and the scene, in contradistinction to the way noise defines Kilgore and courseworks The University his Air Cavalry. Ielts Writing Topics Curtin! It indicates that the general is genteel, and a little prissy – or, at the very least, old (at a time when hippies and activists in coursework New York Film Academy, the counterculture were urging young people “not to trust anyone over 30”). To emphasize this, we see a number of close-ups of the Curtin, general’s soft hands and fancy eating utensils, not to mention the delicacies they are eating during the scene. In this scene, we also hear Col. Kurtz for the first time, on audio-tape. Website Writes For You Concord College! It’s significant that Kurtz is general writing topics introduced in the film via sound. It’s even more significant that what we hear are the Trinity College School, ramblings of a madman. The tape really represents what the ielts essay University, general and his adjutants want to hear. We hear a very different Kurtz later, when he reads from Time Magazine to impress upon the captured Willard that the how to write pdf Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool, military establishment is lying to the American people (and suggesting that mainstream publications like Time Magazine have become vehicles of writing Curtin war propaganda). It was the “silent partner” that I concentrated on that writes essay Concord when we discussed this scene in ielts general writing Singapore, class. The “silent partner,” unlike the other two men, is open university essay & Hospitality wearing civilian clothes.

He is most likely CIA. He does have one line, and it’s an general essay topics Curtin University Singapore important one: he says, “terminate with extreme prejudice.” What this basically means is: “do whatever you need to do to website writes College, kill Kurtz.” With this one line, the CIA officer basically issues the order to WIllard to kill Kurtz. In this, he shows that he is the real one in charge, even in general writing Singapore, “mufti” (civilian clothes). This is Coppola’s way of showing that the war was secretly run by that writes Concord College, the CIA and other clandestine outfits, undermining the traditional military command structure. Ielts Topics Curtin University! Coppola does this by using soft sounds in the aural mise-en-scene. Kilgore is bombastic in his conduct of the war, but it is the secretive CIA – the “silent partner” – that really runs things behind the coursework Film, scenes. Silence in the Temple of Horror. Much more could be said about sound in Apocalypse Now , particularly the music on the soundtrack used to define different characters and different scenes . There are a lot of synthesizers on the soundtrack, but they are not used the same way in general writing essay topics University Singapore, every scene.

The music soundtrack, instead, varies the music for different scenes. If you listen closely enough, you’ll hear one theme during battles, another theme when the boat crew is at based Film Academy, the French plantation, another theme when the boat crew approaches Kurtz’s compound, etc. For instance, the Kurtz music is softer, more “Asian” in tone, with flutes and gongs, as opposed to the more dissonant and industrial music heard when the boat crew is on the river. I also have to point out the brilliant and devastating use of sound in the scene where Clean dies. You’ll remember that when Clean was shot he was listening a recording tape sent to him by his mother, and ielts general writing essay topics it continues on texas gop platform critical Trinity the soundtrack as the crew on the boat deal with Clean’s death (with the exception of Lance, who is more concerned with the missing puppy). We hear his mother say, basically, don’t get shot and come back to us in one piece, while the dead, shot Clean lies on the deck of the boat. For the rest of this entry I would like to focus on the use of silence in the second half of the film.

The first half of Apocalypse Now is much louder than the second, since the first half is set in war-zones and much of the second half is set in Kurtz’s compound in the Buddhist temple. But I don’t want you to come to the conclusion that you, as a viewer, are meant to hate the American military establishment and the war (because it’s noisy), and ielts general Singapore sympathize with Kurtz (because he, and his temple, are relatively quiet). Rather, as in the scene in the general’s quarters, we should be suspicious of the quiet, because some people do terrible things under the cover of silence. Case in point, Colonel Kurtz. Based Degrees! Kurtz is ielts University Singapore a soft-spoken man who is drawn to the contemplative quiet of the Buddhist temple where he resides. Open University Essay Writing Glion London, Business! There he can read his poetry (mostly T. S. Eliot) in peace. He is also prone to long rambling, one-sided philosophical discussions with Willard, who barely says a word while he is Kurtz’s “guest.” The nameless photojournalist, played by Dennis Hopper (“Jordy” Jr. in Giant ) constantly expresses his inability to articulate things the way Kurtz can. Writing Essay Topics Curtin Singapore! “I wish I had the words…” he says at one point. But inarticulation is also one of Kurtz’s preoccupations. During one of his monologues, Kurtz says: “Words can’t describe what is ‘necessary’ to coursework based degrees, those who don’t know what horror is.” Kurtz knows what horror is, and he knows it can’t be suppressed by silence.

In fact, the essay topics Curtin University Singapore, horror whispers in the shadows of the compound. For instance, often times on coursework based the soundtrack you can hear flies buzzing. Writing Essay Topics Curtin Singapore! These are the Glion & Hospitality, flies that are feeding on the many corpses littering Kurtz’s compound. The silence can’t block out the flies; instead, the silence makes the ielts topics Curtin University, sound audible. You would never be able to hear the flies during the battle scenes in the film. Nor would you notice them if, instead, the soundtrack played up the cries of the dead and dying in the compound. That would have been too obvious: it is the horror in the silence that Coppola wants us to hear. Eventually we come to realize that the quiet in the Buddhist temple is that writes essay for you College anything but peaceful. It is part of Kurtz’s insane tyranny: he commands it.

That’s why the writing Singapore, people are so quiet there. It’s one of the first things the that writes essay for you College, viewer (or rather hearer) notices when Willard, in the boat, arrives at ielts general Curtin Singapore, Kurtz’s compound. There are lots of people there on the dock and the shore, but none of them utters a sound. Open Glion Business! In fact, they scatter when the quiet is disturbed by the boat’s siren. They’re inarticulate because they are not allowed to speak. Similarly, when Willard finally kills Kurtz, and exits the temple, he is greeted by a large, utterly silent, crowd. Willard is the new chief, the new tyrant.

Willard might be seduced by this deceptive silence, knowing that it’s a accoutrement of command and power, but instead he rejects it. He will instead return to the noisy, messy world. Apocalypse Now ends with Kurtz’s dying words: “the horror, the horror.” They are whispered, barely heard, which is appropriate since it is in the quiet that the writing essay topics Curtin University, horror manifests itself. That is, the film suggests that it’s the silence that brings out a person’s inner demons, not the bombast of war. War and its horrors are represented by more than bombs bursting and voices booming over texas critical thinking Trinity College School megaphones. War is also represented – or cloaked – by quiet, by whispered conversations in silent temples, even by topics Curtin, poetry. In the end, that’s what the Vietnam War means to The University of Sheffield, Coppola; it has infiltrated, even colonized, the silent interstices of the mind. Never again will war be known only by the sounds of explosions.

It will also be known by the softer sounds of implosions, of minds going slowly mad. University of Maryland. The Male Gaze in Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho. Last week in class I mentioned that I planned to write a blog entry comparing Hitchcock’s Psycho with Michael Powell’s Peeping Tom , which came out the ielts writing essay Curtin University, same year (1960). Like Psycho , Peeping Tom is a story about a psychopathic serial killer. I also mentioned that the reception of the courseworks The University of Sheffield, two films was radically different. Hitchcock’s had a huge commercial and critical success with his film, whereas Powell’s film was a commercial flop and a critical disaster. Powell was practically “blacklisted” in ielts essay Curtin Singapore, movies for years afterward. Based New York Film Academy! The purpose of my blog entry was to ielts general essay topics Curtin, figure out why these two films did so differently in the movie theaters and in movie reviews. I have some ideas in open Glion Business & Hospitality School, this direction, but I decided that this was too much to take on ielts writing essay Curtin University Singapore right now. The Peeping Tom with his camera.

I do want to write something on Psycho , by coursework based degrees, itself, in relation to what is called “the Male Gaze.” According to Glen Johnson, “the Male Gaze” (or “The Gaze”) is. a concept introduced by Laura Mulvey (“Visual Pleasure Narrative Cinema,” 1975) to ielts general writing essay, characterize cinema as an instrument of male spectatorship. Classical cinema produces images of women reflecting male sexual fantasies. Mulvey went so far as to suggest that the cinematic apparatus (the camera, as well as darkened theaters and other viewing practices) is how to an article Jiaotong-Liverpool University coded as male. Feminist critics frequently consider filmic point of view (including reaction shots, showing who gets to look) as an indication of ielts general writing topics Curtin power or control within the an article University, movie. Bob Bednar adds that Mulvey’s.

essay outlines an idea about the “male gaze” in which men have the power to actively look upon passive female bodies. Women became objectified objects, symbols of castration with no agency or power. Cinema functions within in this by allowing women to always be on display for the male viewer. Obviously, this idea is problematic, for not all viewers of film are male, and ielts general essay topics University not all females are represented as simply something scopophilic. Still, Mulvey’s idea about the male gaze has some validity to it, which we find in Hitchcock’s films. Simply put, the Male Gaze refers to the idea that the point of view in Hollywood films is male, and that women are usually presented on screen for the sexual pleasure of how to an admission men. Mulvey builds a whole Freudian, psychoanalytic apparatus around this, but I will spare you the details (you can go ahead and read it here, if you like). In my online research, I found quite a few articles on Hitchcock and the Male Gaze (as well as a few student blogs!). This is not surprising, given that Hitchcock’s Rear Window is Mulvey’s textbook example of the Male Gaze at work. Other critics have examined the general topics, Male Gaze in other films by Hitchcock.

This includes Psycho . (Besides Rear Window and Psycho , other Hitchcock films that have been studied in terms of the Male Gaze are Vertigo and Notorious ). The gist of many of these studies (including Mulvey’s) is that Hitchcock was a misogynist (someone who hates women) who exploited women for fun and profit. Scottie, with his camera, in Rear Window . For instance, in The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory , Tania Modleski describes how. in Film Studies, Hitchcock is often viewed as the archetypal misogynist, who invites his audience to indulge their most sadistic fantasies against the female. Some critics have even argued that Hitchcock’s work is prototypical of the extremely violent assaults on texas critical Trinity School women that make up so much of our entertainment today. . . . As might be expected, such films are usually thought to appeal largely to males; women, it is claimed, can enjoy such films only by assuming the position of ‘masochists’. Rape and violence, it would appear, effectively silence and subdue not only the writing Singapore, woman in the films – the how to write pdf Xi’an University, one who would threaten patriarchal law and order through the force of essay topics University Singapore her anarchic desires – but also the women watching the films: female spectators and how to an admission essay female critics. (17). But some critics, including feminist critics, refuse to damn Hitchcock as an inveterate woman-hater.

The iconoclastic feminist cultural critic Camille Paglia (who wrote about Hitchcock in her controversial book Sexual Personae , and general writing essay Singapore wrote a study of texas gop platform critical Hitchcock’s The Birds for the British Film Institute), said in a 1999 interview: From the moment feminism began to solidify its ideology in the early ’70s, Hitchcock became a whipping boy for feminist theory. I’ve been very vocal about my opposition to essay topics Curtin, the simplistic theory of how to write essay St Leonards “the male gaze” that is associated with Laura Mulvey (and that she herself has moved somewhat away from) and that has taken over feminist film studies to a vampiric degree in the last 25 years. The idea that a man looking at or a director filming a beautiful woman makes her an object, makes her passive beneath the male gaze which seeks control over woman by turning her into mere matter, into “meat” – I think this was utter nonsense from the ielts essay topics University Singapore, start. . . . It was an a priori theory: First there was feminist ideology, asserting that history is nothing but male oppression and write pdf Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool female victimization, and then came this theory – the “victim” model of ielts general topics University feminism applied wholesale to based New York Academy, works of culture. I agree with Paglia that Psycho is not the film of ielts general writing essay Curtin University Singapore a misogynist; quite the how to essay St Leonards, contrary. But the Curtin University, basis of my defense is not feminist theory, but rather film theory. Let’s call it the “Self-Awareness Defense” (Note: Self-reflexivity, a term you’ve been introduced to New York, and which will be important in the second half of the course, is a term quite similar to “self-awareness”). That is, Hitchcock knows what he is doing, and he makes sure the viewer knows what he’s doing.

Hitchcock doesn’t leer at women in Curtin University, his films, neither does he encourage other viewers to leer; he instead exposes the machinery of misogyny, the of Sheffield, workings of the Male Gaze, to the viewer. We can test my “Self-Awareness” thesis by looking at ielts general essay Curtin, Psycho . The partially-clothed Marion Crane is often on display in Psycho . The University! And she is often watched by men. Travis Carr writes that. Before main character Marion Crane even reaches the writing essay Curtin University, Bates Motel she is being watched; she is questioned and then followed all the that essay Concord College, way to Los Angeles by a far-too-diligent cop after spending the night in her car on general writing essay topics Curtin University the side of an an admission St Leonards isolated desert road. Ielts Writing Essay Curtin! The scenes involving the cop are fairly obvious in their voyeuristic qualities, with the The University, cop intently watching Marion from across the street as she hurriedly buys a used car. But Marion was being watched even before that. In the opening scene, the long pan/zoom shot, the camera creeps into the window of a bedroom, the hotel room where Marion and Sam are having their tryst. Ielts Essay Curtin Singapore! But making it seem so obvious, with the camera acting like a “peeping tom,” Hitchcock draws attention to it.

He is self-aware about it, which means he tries to make the viewer aware of it. Evangeline Spachis also notices that. throughout the first half of the narrative, Marion Crane is the subject of a number of gazes, from the leering Mr. Write An Admission Essay School! Cassidy in the office, to ielts essay topics Curtin University Singapore, the suspicious Police Officer and ultimately by Norman Bates. These gazes are represented both technically (camera angles, point of shot) and by the script and the representation of the that writes for you Concord College, characters.

A number of critics, Spachis included, dwell upon the police officer: As a viewer who knows of Marion’s activities, we . . . feel he is general topics University being overly invasive and therefore implicates us in the crime also. The dark, opaque sunglasses the officer wears seem intrusive, aggressive and block the open university essay writing London, Business & Hospitality School, viewer (and Marion) a chance to interpret his character via his eyes. In large part because of the ielts general essay topics University, sunglasses, the film viewer never really takes on the point of essay Concord College view of the police officer in this scene. The viewer doesn’t see what the general essay Curtin University, police officer sees, but rather sees the police officer seeing.

That is, Hitchcock shows us the officer leering – he exposes him – rather than let us share the officer’s leering point of view. Gop Platform Thinking Trinity College! This is another example of how Hitchcock is self-aware in Psycho . The parlor scene is another example. There is ielts general writing Curtin a lot of looking and being watched in this scene. Spachis describes the scene: The parlor room in which they have lunch is filled with Norman’s stuffed birds, many frozen in full flight indicating perhaps the write, action of capture and ielts writing Singapore the bird’s all-seeing point of view on its prey. Norman’s declaration to Marion: “You, you eat like a bird” reinforces the interpretation that Norman has an ‘eagle-eye’ view of Marion. Spachis reads the stuffed birds as extensions of Norman’s Male Gaze. That Writes Concord! But the Male Gaze becomes much more pertinent at the end of the scene, when Marion leaves and general topics University Singapore Norman peeks at her as she prepares to take her fateful shower. Carr writes: After Marion leaves the parlor for her room, Norman watches her through a peep hole in write an article pdf Xi’an, the wall, the camera zooming in on his eye.

This time, though, what Norman gazes upon is far more overtly sexual than anything previously; he watches Marion undress and prepare for writing, a shower, and when the camera assumes the viewpoint of Norman the audience itself becomes an objectifying voyeur. The importance of this “peeping tom” moment is that we see that it is a “peeping tom” moment. Hitchcock makes sure we see it. Norman spies on Marion through a peep-hole hidden behind a painting. How To Essay St Leonards! The light from Marion’s room illuminates Norman’s eye in profile nearing closer to the hole in the wall. The camera shifts to Norman’s point of view and instantly implicates the viewer in the voyeurism.

We are both shocked at his invasion of ielts writing essay Curtin University her privacy and how to yet cannot turn away. Ielts Writing Essay Topics Curtin University Singapore! Spying on of Sheffield Marion getting undressed invites us to witness the cause of ielts writing topics University Norman’s arousal and gop platform College School the manifestation of his desire from behind a wall – forever kept apart from any possible sexual gratification. Moments later, the ielts general essay Curtin Singapore, famous shower scene occurs. For both Carr and coursework degrees New York Spachis, the shot of Norman peeping at ielts general writing topics Curtin University, Marion implicates the viewer as voyeur. Hitchcock is website essay for you saying: “Look, you’re a voyeur too!” When you watch this kind of scene, and find pleasure in it, you are participating in topics, a patriarchal system that treats women like sex objects. Alan Vanneman suggests something similar: For the fourth time, with Norman’s assistance, we will spy on Marion in courseworks of Sheffield, a bedroom.

We are complicit with Norman here, thankful that he lets us see Marion undressed once more (though angry when he blocks our view). The extraordinary close-up of Norman’s eye, filling the screen, reminds us of the watchful camera (the first entrance into Sam and Marion’s hotel room, the tracking shots of the envelope stuffed with cash and the suitcase) and the relentless eyes of Mr. Cassidy and the state trooper. I would just like to re-iterate something that Vanneman mentions: the writing essay topics Curtin, viewer has seen Marion in a bedroom, in various stages of dress, three times before Norman peeks at her through the wall. During those three other times, we just accepted that we were watching Marion in the bedroom. We didn’t notice we were watching. But now, after we have briefly taken on Norman’s point of view as we peeped Marion, being in a bedroom is open university essay writing Glion London, no longer innocent. Ielts General Topics Curtin Singapore! We are aware of what it means now. Then there is the famous shower scene, when Norman in the guise of his mother attacks Marion with a knife.

Some critics read this scene as the essay, epitome of the Male Gaze, and see Norman’s attack as a pseudo-rape. Carr writes that this scene, all rapid cuts and ielts general writing Curtin Singapore screams, goes so far as to visualize the texas College School, violent scopophilic rape that Laura Mulvey discussed in her article “Visual Pleasure and essay Curtin Singapore Narrative Cinema”. It is an onscreen manifestation of the male’s desire to “rape” the female, and open Glion Business & Hospitality Marion’s murder (in which the audience is general essay topics Curtin Singapore forced to, at times, assume the role of the murderer himself) is tantamount to an admission School, that. On a side note, after her death, the camera zooms in on her lifeless eye, furthering the notion of the gaze. Modleski argues that the shower scene is “an opportunity for the presumed male audience to see their deep-set sadistic desires played out on ielts writing essay topics Curtin University screen. This idea is write essay St Leonards School emphasised in Laura Mulvey’s famous article ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’ (1975). . . . If this scene was in reverse (as in, the camera viewpoint was from ielts essay topics Singapore, Marion’s perspective) the effectiveness of the scene would be lost.”

Spachis notes all the “allusions to the voyeuristic eye” in the scene: the shower-head, the degrees New York, drain, Marion’s dead eye. Vanneman claims that. the brilliance of the scene is that it keeps us relentlessly in the very middle of a horrifying event – we feel as if we are seeing “everything,” far more than we want to see – without ever becoming merely sadistic or gruesome. To a very great extent the violence is implied, though we certainly have no sense of censorship. Ielts General Curtin! In part, we are caught between two desires, the desire to see the naked body of a beautiful woman (Hitchcock has been teasing us with this for the whole film), and the desire not to see a brutal murder. But Hitchcock won’t give us the one without the other. But it’s not just a matter of Hitchcock making the viewer pay for his or her desire by forcing the him or her to of Sheffield, witness a murder. It’s that he makes us witness a murder to general, show us the end result of how to write essay St Leonards desire. Hitchcock is ielts general Curtin University Singapore self-aware about watching in the shower scene, and if the viewer follows his lead, the viewer will become aware too. He ruins our enjoyment for the sake of a greater awareness of the way men, in particular, objectify women when watching films.

The basic premise of what I’m arguing is that if Hitchcock were a vehicle for the Male Gaze, he would not be so obvious about it, pointing it out to the viewing audience; he would make the experience of write an article Jiaotong-Liverpool watching women for sexual pleasure seamless and invisible. But instead he keeps reminding the essay topics University, viewer of what they are watching, how they are watching, and, to some extent, why they are watching. Website That Concord! Hitchcock is self-aware so that we might be aware. If all this is still a little blurry, don’t worry. Ielts General! We’ll be talking much more about self-awareness in film in the second half of the open university writing Glion London, Business School, course.

University of Maryland. Bob Bednar, “Mulvey”, Alfred Hitchcock: A Visual Analysis (a website for COM 783: Visual Communication, a class at Southwestern University) Travis Carr, “Voyeurism the Male Gaze in Psycho (1960)”, Yahoo! Voices : Glen Johnson, “Feminist film theory,” MDIA-ENG 451: Hitchcock (course taught at Catholic University of ielts general writing America, Spring 2013) Modleski, Tania, The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory (New York: Methuen, Inc., 1988). Evangeline Spachis, “Drawing back the shower curtain: Voyeurism in Hitchcock’s ‘Psycho’ (1960)”, Girl on Film (blog): Michael Sragow, “ The Savage Id” (Interview with Camille Paglia), Salon (website): Alan Vanneman, “‘Here’s Lookin’ at You, Kid!’: Alfred Hitchcock and Psycho ,” Bright Lights Film Journal. In your textbook, in the chapter on editing, there are a couple examples of editing in Psycho (there’s also an essay, at the end of the chapter, on editing in essay writing London, Business & Hospitality School, Alfred Hitchcock’s Notorious ). The first example analyzes the editing in the scene set in the parlor of the Bates hotel where Marion Crane gets to know (perhaps a little too much) about the reclusive Norman Bates. It is an example of ielts general University how timing in the cuts, and alternating camera placement within the write pdf Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, cuts, is significant.

At the ielts writing essay topics University, beginning of the scene, the timing and the camera angles, in the shot/reverse shot sequence, are fairly conventional. But as the conversation between Marion and Norman gets darker, the timing changes to University, show emotional responses by both Marion and Norman, and general essay Curtin the camera angles become more distorted and disturbing. The second instance of editing in Psycho mentioned in based degrees Film Academy, the textbook is the short sequence that shows the murder of the private investigator, Arbogast, at writing essay topics University Singapore, the knife-wielding hands of Norman – or rather, Norman’s mother. This is an example of courseworks The University of Sheffield collage – encouraging “the audience to compare and ielts writing contrast the cinematographic qualities of how to write an article pdf Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool each shot” ( Film: A Critical Introduction 193). The scene begins with a shot from high above the writing essay topics, action, in the stair landing on the second floor, and then cuts to a close up of Arbogast, as he is being stabbed, and write pdf Xi’an University falling backwards down the stairs. The textbook authors quote Hitchcock himself to explain the significance of the editing here: The main reason for raising the camera [to an overhead shot] was to get the contrast between the long shot and the close-up of the big head as the knife came down on him.

It was like music, you see, the high shot with the writing topics Curtin University Singapore, violins and suddenly the big head with the brass instruments clashing. The textbook authors say, of this quote, that it “suggests how the director was acutely aware of the way abrupt changes in courseworks The University, camera positioning can evoke an writing essay topics Singapore emotional response.” The juxtaposition of shots also shows how editing gives the audience an opportunity to compare/contrast the distinctive mise-en-scene, and cinematography, of single shots cut together. Like the other formal film elements we’ve discussed in class, editing usually works in conjunction with other formal film elements. The textbook authors don’t discuss Hitchcock’s use of the same overhead shot – though much more drawn out College School – a little later in ielts general essay University, the film when Norman carries his mother down-stairs. Since there isn’t a cut to something else, in this case, it would seem that Hitchcock was more than just trying to juxtapose two shots for gop platform Trinity, aesthetic effect.

Hitchcock was also interested in distancing, and disorienting, the viewer, as he often does with his cinematography and editing. I should also mention that, in general writing essay topics Singapore, terms of cinematography, the shot of Arbogast falling down the stairs is distinctive. It is an example of the “trombone” shot that Hitchcock made famous in Vertigo . This unsettling shot involves focusing in on an object at the same time that the camera is write pdf Xi’an moved backwards, or vice versa. It is optically confusing and causes discomfort and misapprehension in the audience. (We see the same trombone shot, reversed, when Arbogast is topics Curtin University walking up the stairs.) In class, I showed you a few other instances of editing in Psycho . I began with the establishing shot at the beginning of the film, which is actually a number of zoom shots edited together, transporting the viewer into degrees Film the hotel room where Sam and Marion have just finished having sex (it is implied). The shot/reverse shot editing in the hotel room show the intimacy between the two, before they begin discussing the difficult dilemma they are in (she has no money, and Sam has no money because of ielts general topics Curtin University alimony payments, so they can’t get married), at which point the shot/reverse shot shows distance between them. Website Writes For You College! I will have more to say about the intrusive camera in this scene, in another post.

Then I showed you an ielts general essay topics Singapore example of an eye-line match cut, in the scene where Marion is deciding whether she will steal the St Leonards School, money, or not. Throughout the scene, the editing shows Marion glancing nervously at the money, undecided but certainly tempted. Eventually, she decides to take the money; and this sets up the general writing Curtin University Singapore, most prominent “McGuffin” in the film (a McGuffin is a plot element that forwards the courseworks The University of Sheffield, plot, though often misleading the audience as to the true direction of the topics Curtin Singapore, plot, becoming a “red herring”). Then we looked at the sequence in which Marion flees Phoenix in her car, with the stolen money. Initially the shot/reverse shot builds suspense by quick cutting between a distressed Marion and an obscured view of a rain-drenched road. Once Marion decides to stop her car at the side of the writes essay for you, road to sleep, the editing slows significantly. Then we have the tense shot/reverse shot of Marion and the policeman in sun-glasses, in which camera angles are important: the policeman is seen in ielts topics, an extreme close up shot from a low angle, which, along with the fact that we can’t see his eyes, makes him an ominous figure. Meanwhile, we see Marion in medium close up from a high angle shot, which makes her look smaller compared to the policeman. This sequence is an article pdf Xi’an followed by another series of tense shot/reverse shots, as Marion drives down the road followed by the policeman. We see Marion, again distressed, with the ielts general writing Curtin University Singapore, police car behind her in the shot; and then, to emphasize Marion’s anxiety, the camera cuts to shots of the police car in the rear-view mirror. I would have been deficient as a film professor if, in class, I hadn’t discussed the editing of the website College, famous shower scene in Psycho . When we went over it in class, I demonstrated (by counting) how the thirty or so cuts we see, once Marion steps into the shower, creates a sense of frenetic action and a feeling of disorientation in the audience, due to general topics Curtin, the dizzying array of multiple camera angles and the variety of zooms (close-up, extreme close up).

Let me add that, as the camera usually has a point of view, the editing in this scene subtly forces the audience to take on Norman’s crazed point of view. The frenetically-paced and confusing editing in the shower scene is by now quite common in horror and suspense films, but when Hitchcock did it, it was new and somewhat controversial. There are a couple other instances of editing in Psycho that I should mention. In the scene where Norman is watching Marion’s car – with all of Marion’s effects, including, unbeknownst to Norman, the coursework based degrees New York, money Marion stole – the pacing of the ielts writing topics Curtin, editing of the shot/reverse slows down. Instead of texas Trinity creating suspense by speeding up the cuts (as in the scenes where Marion is fleeing with the money, and in the shower scene), the longer shots in ielts writing Curtin University Singapore, this scene, along with the more leisurely pacing of cuts, give us ample opportunity to see Norman’s anxiety, coupled with relatively long shots of a car that refuses to sink. In this case, speeding up the cuts would undermine rather than enhance the suspense in the scene.

One reason Hitchcock is so methodical and careful in this sequence is that the sinking of the car represents Norman’s psychological repression of the heinous deed that he, not his mother, perpetrated. According to this reading, the swamp represents Norman’s unconscious. While the final shot of the film, showing the open university writing, car being dragged from the swamp (reversing the shot that shows it sinking), represents Norman’s crime coming to light. Finally, Hitchcock provides us with a good example of parallel editing (cross-cutting) in the scene where Sam and Lila (Marion’s sister) go to the Bates motel to investigate. We have shots of Sam talking with Norman, stalling for time, and cross-cuts to general Singapore, Lila seeking Mrs.

Bates in the house. This, like much of the editing in how to an article University, the film (and like most instances of parallel editing), is done to ielts general essay Curtin University, create suspense. One of the interesting things about the cross-cutting here is that while Sam rather aggressively interrogates Norman, accusing him of killing Marion to steal the $40,000, Lila – by way of many eyeline-match cuts – finds ample evidence in The University, the mise-en-scene of Norman’s arrested development and insanity. That is, Sam is dead wrong in his approach, while Lila inadvertently gets to the bottom of things, just by closely observing the details in Norman’s home. Happy Halloween from Norman’s mom, three weeks early. Ielts General Writing Singapore! Don’t eat too much candy so you can have pearly white teeth like mine! Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Highlights.

With it’s use of deep focus, strange shot angles, and impossible crane shots, the cinematography of Citizen Kane is justly famous and has been hugely influential. The irony is that cinematographer Gregg Toland’s unsettling and university writing Glion London, Business & Hospitality School idiosyncratic use of the camera may have been part of the reason why Citizen Kane was not a commercial or critical success when the general topics University, film was first released. I’ve already posted the notes I took when I was watching the film only for the cinematography. Texas Critical Trinity! Here I will elaborate upon ielts writing essay, some of the more innovative uses of cinematography in Citizen Kane . 1. Texas Critical Thinking Trinity School! Snow globe reflection shot (2:40 – 2:46). Coming near the beginning of the film, this is one of the ielts Curtin University, more striking shots in the film. Using the broken snow globe that the dying Kane held in his hand, Toland shot the reflection of texas gop platform critical Trinity School a nurse entering the room. It is a bizarre and yet artistic shot that reflects the distorted, subjective POV (point-of-view) of Kane at the moment of his death.

2. Mock newsreel cinematography (3:12 – 12:27). This montage, done in the style of film newsreels (which were shown before most feature presentations at the time Citizen Kane was released), has a lot of inventive camera and film work. We see many low angle shots of the buildings at Xanadu, Kane’s “pleasure palace.” We also see a couple extreme high-angle plane shots from ielts Curtin Singapore, far above Xanadu. Often, when the human figure is open university writing London, Business School featured in the shot, low angles denote the POV of a powerful figure in the frame and, conversely, high angles typically show a dominated figure. But sometimes, as is the case in the mock newsreel, both low and high angle shots are used to highlight something unusually large or extensive (Xanadu and the many things owned by Kane). Both are used to communicate power. Note also the grainy look of the older film excerpts. This was done intentionally to give these excerpts the look of very old movies, by way of film processing, choice of film stock, and/or scratching the film itself. 3. Ielts Writing Topics Curtin University! Crane shot introducing Susan Alexander (14:25 – 14:58).

I discussed this shot in class. Though it is made to look like one long crane shot, it is really three crane shots edited together using dissolves. The famous crane shot in gop platform thinking Trinity, Orson Welles’s Touch of Evil is actually just one take, which makes it more impressive than three crane shots edited together (and shows the ielts general essay Curtin University, advance of camera technology). The Susan Alexander crane shot repeats 1:25:19 – 1:25:36, and, reversed, 1:47:05 – 1:47:12. 4. St Leonards! The relationship of Kane and Thatcher (23:08, 24:48 – 27:15). General Writing Essay Topics Curtin University Singapore! At 23:08, we have a low-angle shot of pdf Xi’an University Mr Thatcher towering over the boy Kane at his first Christmas in New York city. We then have a montage of different newspaper headlines and the older Thatcher’s response to them; in the final instance of this, there is a dissolve that takes the viewer to general writing Curtin Singapore, a shot of Kane and that writes College Thatcher at Kane’s Inquirer office.

During the scene, Thatcher cedes the foreground to Kane, and also diminishes in the shot. He begins, once again, by towering over Kane, but by the end of the scene Kane is decidedly taller. I wrote about figure placement and ielts essay topics University power dynamics in Giant . Similar dynamics are in play in this scene in Citizen Kane . 5. Deep focus shot at Kane’s party (40:08 – 45:11). This scene begins with a trick shot that involves cinematography and editing. We see, reflected in a window, the The University of Sheffield, logo of ielts general essay Curtin University Kane’s rival The New York Chronicle superimposed upon Kane, Leland, and Bernstein. The camera zooms in on a photograph of the ten “star” journalists working for the Chronicle . Then the photograph comes alive and open university writing London, Business & Hospitality School we are taken a couple years into the future when the ten journalists now work for Kane’s New York Inquirer . In the ielts general Curtin Singapore, scene that ensues, at a party for The University of Sheffield, Kane, there are many striking close-ups and deep focus shots. There is general topics University Singapore one sequence where we have an extreme close-up of Bernstein and Leland singing. Then we have, from three different angles, a conversation between Bernstein and Leland. Some of these shots show Leland and Bernstein from the front, with Kane reflected in a window.

As is often the open university writing London, & Hospitality, case with deep focus shots, particularly in Citizen Kane , the figures in the foreground discuss the general essay topics Curtin, figure in the background (in this case, Leland and Bernstein are in the foreground discussing Kane in the background). At one moment, Leland exhales smoke from an article pdf Xi’an, a cigar and it covers over the figure of Kane in ielts general writing essay topics Curtin, the window. Here the camera suggests Leland’s suspicion (later confirmed) that Kane’s principles are shallow: they are merely smoke and mirrors. 6. Susan at an admission, the opera (1:17:26 – 1:17:31; 1:29:42 – 1:30:32). The scene in which Susan makes her opera debut is played twice in writing essay Curtin, the film, once from Leland’s point of view, and then from Susan’s point of view. In the Leland POV shot, we see Susan on stage from the front, and then the camera cranes up until we come to two lowly stagehands high above the action, as Susan sings. One holds his nose to indicate what he (and Leland and just about everybody besides Kane) thinks about Susan’s singing. When it comes time for Susan to narrate her opera debut, we see her from behind the stage. So, we have a front shot from the audience (Leland) and a back shot from the wings (Susan), to indicate two different points of university writing Glion & Hospitality view.

From Susan’s POV, we also get a shot of a shadowy Kane watching from high above the stage. This shows Kane’s dominance of Susan (from her POV). We see a similar shot shortly after this in which a shadowy Kane overshadows Susan (1:34:42). Right before this, there is an ielts writing Singapore extraordinary montage (1:34:46 – 1:35:25) showing triple super-impositions of newspaper headlines, Susan singing, and stage lights (eventually the stage lights are replaced by Kane). This is certainly creative shot-making, but the coursework New York Film, effect is due more to editing than cinematography. 7. The reporters come to Xanadu (1:51:18 – 1:56:35). Near the end of the film, when the reporter Thompson interviews Kane’s valet Paul, there is essay topics University a lot of interesting camera work.

First, there is the eternal regression mirror shot that shows a reflection of a reflection of a reflection ad infinitum of Kane . This summarizes not only Paul’s view of Kane, but also the view of the open university essay writing Glion School, reporters trying to track down “Rosebud.” The image suggests that Kane is nothing but a series of reflections, without real substance. At the very end of the film, Thompson makes this explicit by general writing essay topics Curtin, saying that Kane is nothing but a jig-saw puzzle with pieces missing. How To An Article Jiaotong-Liverpool! This brings us back to the idea, suggested by the fragmented narrative told by five narrators, that Kane is not only ielts general writing Singapore, unknowing but unknowable. Texas Gop Platform Critical! Following the infinite regression shot, there are a number of general writing topics Singapore crane shots, deep focus shots, and zooms that show the courseworks The University of Sheffield, huge spaces of Xanadu, filled with “loot,” after Kane’s death. All that is left are his possessions, and some of these – including Kane’s most cherished “junk,” such as his sled – are thrown on the fire. Curtin University! This suggests the transience of things, which will pass away in website for you Concord, time. And when they are gone, the owner will be lost to memory. Though the writing essay University Singapore, word Xanadu comes from the university Glion & Hospitality, poetry of the British Romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge, another poem by another Romantic poet, Percy Shelley, epitomizes Kane at the end of his life:

And on the pedestal these words appear: ‘My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings: Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!’ Nothing beside remains. Round the decay. Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare, The lone and level sands stretch far away’ (“Ozymandias”). University of Maryland. Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Film Viewing Notes. opening: crane shot up to show three different kinds of fence (3 shots edited) (repeated at end, but reversed: 1:56:43 – 1:56:56) opening: succession of shots that get closer and closer to xanadu. snow globe shot (distorted POV) mock-newsreel cinematography (low angle shot of xanadu, plane shot, grainy film stock, pans, close ups, hand-held camera) crane shot to introduce susan alexander 14:25 – 14:58. (repeated 1:25:19 – 1:25:36) (repeated, reversed 1:47:05 – 1:47:12) kane and thatcher (movement foreground to writing essay topics Curtin Singapore, background, low and high angle shots) kane sells newspapers (deep focus) from portait picture of ten journalists to “come alive” shot (Chronicle to Inquirer journalists)

Kane’s party (deep focus) leland’s story (double exposure dissolve) kane political rally (long zoom, distance to object, low and high angle shots) leland’s view of texas gop platform thinking College School opera house (beginning of shot susan from audience POV, crane shot up) susan’s view of opera house (shot now from backstage, showing change to susan’s POV) kane’s view of susan at opera house (high angle shot) kane towers over general writing essay topics Singapore susan. montage of based Film Academy susan’s opera reviews (triple impositions) susan ill foreground, (deep focus foreground and background – foreground sedative and glass replaced by doctor’s black bag) kane infinite regress mirror shot. closing up xanadu (crane shots, deep focus, distance to objects, zoom out and in) The Controversial Wunderkind Orson Welles. Before making his first film, Citizen Kane , Orson Welles was already considered something of ielts topics University Singapore a boy-wonder, having made a great success on Broadway and on the radio in how to write an article pdf Xi’an University, his early twenties. Welles became a national sensation with his Mercury Theater radio broadcast of H. G. Writing Singapore! Wells’s The War of the Worlds on Halloween night in 1938. That College! As a result, Gary Simmons notes, “Welles was almost universally regarded as a precocious and prodigious talent who was given free rein in the making of Citizen Kane —highly unusual at a time when films were largely controlled and shaped by the studio system” (139). In 1939, RKO Pictures courted the 24-year-old wunderkind and offered him a contract to direct films at RKO. Welles’s first project was to general writing essay topics, be Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness , but this was abandoned when he went over pre-production budget.

He was given final cut for Citizen Kane if he didn’t go over budget. This time he didn’t. The film was released according to Welles’s vision. Dennis Bingham argues that Citizen Kane “is the texas gop platform thinking College School, studio era’s outstanding anomaly, the ielts writing essay Curtin University Singapore, work that subverts the system in almost every way while taking full advantage of the resources of the studio – the first American mainstream art film” (50). The Ballad of Hearst and Welles. Even before it was finished, the newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst had heard the an article, rumors swirling around Hollywood that Welles’s forthcoming Citizen Kane was a thinly veiled attack upon Hearst.

Hearst very quickly marshaled his considerable forces in ielts University Singapore, order to destroy the film and Welles himself.Hearst attempted to buy the film negatives and all copies of an admission School Citizen Kane so that he could destroy them. He initiated a campaign in his newspapers demonizing the film and Welles. Hearst wouldn’t let his newspapers review Citizen Kane , and refused to publicize RKO films. It might not have been just a personal vendetta: Hearst’s film production company, Cosmopolitan Pictures, produced the kind of “Great Man” biopics that Welles was parodying with Citizen Kane . All this is discussed in writing essay Singapore, the 1995 documentary film The Battle of Citizen Kane . Largely as a result of Hearst’s opposition, after showing in a few movie theaters in big cities, Citizen Kane was locked up in RKO’s vaults and was unavailable until the late 1950s, only after which it was hailed by critics as one of the best films ever made. Since the 1960s, critics have been on essay St Leonards the look-out for “Hollywood directors who managed to ielts general writing essay topics Singapore, create interesting and innovative works of film art within the artistic constraints imposed by the studio system.

The studio ‘factory’ was seen to have produced its auteurs against an article Jiaotong-Liverpool University the grain of artistic standardisation and ielts Singapore economic regulation” (Street 52). Website That For You! Welles is ielts general essay Curtin University often consider something of based New York Academy a poster child (and cautionary tale) for the Hollywood auteur. The Martyrdom of Orson Welles. It wasn’t just Hearst that had it in for writing Curtin University, Welles. In the history of Hollywood film, Welles is website considered by some a tragic figure, an artist brought low by his own hubris and the envy of others. For instance, Welles did not have final cut for The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), the ielts writing topics Curtin, film he made after Citizen Kane . After it tested poorly in previews, largely because the ending was thought to be depressing, Welles’s producers at coursework based degrees New York Film Academy, RKO cut an hour out of the film and ielts writing topics Curtin University Singapore tacked on a happy ending. They also destroyed the footage they removed so that the film could not be reconstructed.

This was done while Welles was in Brazil shooting a documentary. Many – Welles among them – consider this as the beginning of the end of Welles’s Hollywood career. He made most of his subsequent films outside of the United States, on shoe-string budgets, the money coming largely from his acting fees. There is good reason to believe that Welles the auteur was destroyed by the Hollywood studio system. This was because, according to courseworks The University of Sheffield, David Thomson, he was “a young man who intended to defy Hollywood, and who could have spelled out why its factory was as bad for critical thinking and progress as the New York Inquirer [Kane’s newspaper in general essay Curtin University Singapore, Citizen Kane ). Welles was revolutionary and self-destructive, and he would be adopted by the many cultural anxieties that perceived Hollywood as a rotten place and a delusion” (45). Best Ever? Not Even the Best of 1941. For many film viewers and critics, it is a terrible scandal that Citizen Kane , supposedly the Greatest Film Ever Made, did not win the Academy Award for how to write essay School, Best Picture (or many Academy Awards at all) in 1941.

Instead, the Academy awarded the Best Picture Oscar to How Green Was My Valley , a film adaptation of a British novel about Welsh coal miners, directed by John Ford (he didn’t just do film westerns). In retrospect, critics generally think Ford’s film was fine, but not the earth-shaking aesthetic statement that was Citizen Kane . But there are other reasons, besides artistic merit, that films are awarded a Best Picture Oscar. Often times, the Academy voters want to send a message, often a social message. The message in this case was a vote of essay topics Curtin confidence and solidarity with Great Britain, which was at that time barely fighting off Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in Europe. And the Award for the Greatest Film Ever Goes To… As already mentioned, between its run in 1941 and the mid-1950s, few people had seen Citizen Kane . Once RKO allowed it to be re-released and available for television syndication – and particularly after French critics got a hold of it – Citizen Kane quickly rose to the top of critics’ lists. According to the influential Sight and Sound poll, taken every ten years, Citizen Kane was the of Sheffield, Greatest Film Ever Made, for forty straight years. But last year (2012) Citizen Kane fell to the second spot in the poll. It was bested by Alfred Hitchcock’s Vertigo . This is what the British Film Institute (BFI), publishers of Sight and Sound magazine and the Sight and Sound poll, says about Citizen Kane: The use of topics Curtin deep-focus photography (keeping both foreground and background in essay writing London,, focus) and abstracted camera angles, the non-chronological narrative structure and overlapping dialogue, were just some of the myriad formal innovations that Welles brought together for his groundbreaking debut.

Such novelty and general essay topics University Singapore controversy proved a curse for Welles, whose career never enjoyed such indulgence again. They also mention that the film goes “after the dark heart of the American dream.” And here is of Sheffield what BFI says about Vertigo : This classic from the master of ielts writing essay Singapore suspense was so poorly received upon website essay Concord College, release that Alfred Hitchcock later withdrew it from distribution for several years. Its reputation has since grown and it is now widely regarded as Hitchcock’s finest film, a haunting examination of ielts essay topics Curtin University male desire memorably filmed in real San Francisco locations. . . . Vertigo succeeds as a hallucinatory fable about the traps of desire. A thriller of dreamlike allure, it’s whipped to dizzying heights by Bernard Herrmann’s Wagner-influenced score. The displacement of Citizen Kane by coursework degrees Film, Vertigo has been controversial. Some critics see dark forces at work. For instance, Richard Rushfield at ielts general writing essay Curtin University Singapore, The Daily Beast blames the the current popularity of social networking:

The last Sight and Sound poll was conducted in 2002, when the write an admission essay School, blogosphere was still in diapers. Social media was just a twinkle in a Harvard-bound honor student’s eye, and the idea of communicating in 140 characters was as unimaginable as a cure for the common cold. Once, however, all these forces were unleashed there was no way Kane could sit fat and ielts essay topics Curtin University content – innovative, visionary, ponderous – atop the The University, field forever. That is, because of the ubiquity and the ease of use of social networking platforms like Twitter and ielts general writing Singapore blogs, everyone can be a critic. According to Business School, Rushfield, this democratizing trend has led to backlash against ielts general writing Singapore intellectual film critics, who have been frightened into abandoning aesthetic standards and forced to speak for the unwashed masses. Needless to say, the film critics who replaced Citizen Kane with Vertigo would vociferously disagree with Rushfield and, perhaps, point out that Vertigo is really not that popular outside critical circles and is admired for how to write School, the same artistic reasons Citizen Kane is admired.

University of Maryland. British Film Institute, “The Greatest Films Poll at Sight and Sound,” 2012. Dennis Bingham, Whose Lives Are They Anyway? The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010). Richard Rushfield, “‘Citizen Kane’ v. ‘Vertigo’: Why ‘Kane’ Fell in the Sight and Sound Poll,” The Daily Beast (August 1 2012). Gary Simmons, “Smoke and Mirrors in Citizen Kane ,” Screen Education 51 (2008), 138-144. Sarah Street, “Film in general writing University Singapore, Context: Citizen Kane ,” History Today 46.3 (March 1996), 48-52. Thomson, David. “The Mark of Kane,” Sight Sound 21.1 (2011), 44-48.

Stanley Kubrick and his Conspiratorial Interpreters. According to Glion London, & Hospitality, Angela Watercutter. Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining is arguably the most cerebral horror film ever made. Ielts General Writing Topics Curtin! The film is studied at universities, chronicled in books, and an admission has generally inspired levels of academic analysis rivaled only by general essay topics Singapore, the work of Talmudic scholars. But despite all the study, there are still few conclusive answers as to that writes for you, what Kubrick was actually trying to say with The Shining , opening the door for general writing topics Curtin University, countless interpretations, Adam B. Vary adds that The Shining is “a film that has inspired perhaps more deep analysis, explication, and theorizing than pretty much any other major feature film of the last 40 years.” Watercutter and Vary made these remarks as part of their respective reviews of based degrees Film Room 237 , a film documentary by Rodney Ascher that profiles five people who have come up with bizarre, even conspiratorial, interpretations of The Shining . Watercutter briefly looks at ten of the interpretations of these five people; Vary comes up with five additional interpretations. Curtin! There are quite a few other quirky interpretations of The Shining , as a search at YouTube will show. Jay Weidner, one of the five interpreters profiled in Room 237 , argues that The Shining is how to write essay Kubrick’s cryptic confession that he was involved in the supposed faked moon landing of 1969. Ielts General Curtin Singapore! He bases his interpretation, in open university essay writing London, School, part, on the fact that Room 237 was actually Room 217 in Stephen King’s novel. Watercutter explains Weidner’s thesis further:

As evidence, [Weidner] points to the Apollo sweater young Danny wears, the fact that the moon is about 237,000 miles from Earth (it’s 238,855 on average) and the inscription on the room’s key: ROOM No 237. General Essay Curtin Singapore! “There’s only two words that you can come up with that have those letters in them,” Weidner says. “And that’s ‘moon’ and ‘room’ and university Glion London, Business & Hospitality School so on ielts Curtin University the key, the tag, it says ‘moon room.'” (Those letters also spell “moron,” but that seems like more of a coincidence.) One of the other Weidner theories mentioned by Watercutter is that Kubrick inserted sexual subliminal messages in his film, particularly in the scene where Jack interviews for the caretaker job in Stuart Ullman’s office. According to Weidner, Ullman’s paper tray closely resembles a phallus. Juli Kearns argues that the window in that scene does not exist in the floor plan on the hotel. She should know, because he made a detailed map of the rooms and passages of the Outlook Hotel. Kearns also proposes the university essay writing London, & Hospitality, interpretation that Jack is the Minotaur of ielts general writing topics Singapore classical mythology and New York Academy the Outlook Hotel is the labyrinth (or maze) built by topics Curtin, Dedalus to courseworks, contain the monster. As evidence, Kearns argues that Jack’s face gets progressively bull-like in the film. She also sees a minotaur in a sky poster in the film. Her evidence is quite circumstantial but it is not a stretch to say that Kubrick meant to general writing essay topics Curtin University Singapore, allude to the myth of the write an admission St Leonards, minotaur and ielts writing essay topics Curtin University the labyrinth in the film.

Vary discusses Ascher’s contention that the ski poster that Kearns focuses on how to write essay School also shows evidence of a secret CIA mind-control program called MKUltra (which went by code-name “Monarch,” a word prominently displayed on the poster). One of the more respectable interpreters (in that he is an academic historian) is ielts topics Curtin Singapore Geoffrey Cocks, who has written a book on his theories concerning The Shining . Cocks argues that the film has a subtext that concerns the Holocaust. Throughout The Shining Jack’s Adler typewriter goes from a light tan color to a grey-blue with no real explanation. Historian Geoffrey Cocks believes that the typewriter’s color shift has significance to his theory that Kubrick’s film has “a deeply-laid subtext” about the Holocaust. The University Of Sheffield! “That typewriter, that German. typewriter – which by ielts University, the way changes color in the course of the film, which typewriters don’t generally do – is terribly, terribly important as a referent to that particular historical event.” This is flimsy evidence for such a controversial interpretation put forth by an academic historian (and unlikely to texas gop platform thinking, pass peer-review scrutiny).

It doesn’t help Cocks’s case that he has equally far-fetched interpretations for general essay topics Singapore, what other people would call “continuity errors” (unnoticed mistakes in production) in The Shining . How To Write School! For instance, there is a chair that disappears in one scene, which Cocks (not a film critic) explains as Kubrick’s attempt to parody the ielts general writing Curtin Singapore, horror genre. Then there is the disappearing Dopey which Cocks, again, refuses to attribute to continuity error. John Fell Ryan makes the case that The Shining , when run forwards and backwards, offers up many new meanings. He and Akiva Saunders actually translated Ryan’s ideas into concrete action, creating projection technology which allows people to see the film backwards and forwards. Ryan doesn’t really build a theory around this as much as play around with the film and deconstruct (or “hack”) it via technology. However, like the other four conspiratorial interpreters, Ryan has other theories about the film. For instance, he argues that in the scene where Jack, just arrived at the Overlook, waits for Ullman, he is reading a Playgirl magazine (which featured naked men). Open University Essay Glion! Ryan links this to Jack’s abuse of ielts general writing topics Danny which Ryan (with little evidence) suggests was sexual abuse.

Note that the figure on the cover of the magazine is long-haired, most likely a woman (who would not be on texas critical thinking Trinity the cover of Playgirl magazine). The magazine looks more like Cosmopolitan . Room 237 also features the interpretations of BIll Blakemore, an ABC News reporter. Watercutter doesn’t say much about general topics Curtin University Blakemore’s larger theory that the film is about the genocide of Native Americans. In an open essay writing Glion Business School article he published online, he presents his evidence, which is not very convincing. Blakemore sees the traces of Native Americans all throughout the film (and there is quite a bit of Native American art on the floors and the walls and, in one scene, on Wendy’s clothes), though he admits that no Native Americans are shown in the film – which is somehow evidence for the presence of Native Americans – and claims that Dick Halloran, a black character, is meant to be read as Native American. The Colorado Room, where Jack works, is full of Native American designs.

Blakemore also goes for the sexual sublimation thing. In the art deco design of the carpet in ielts general writing topics University Singapore, room 237, he sees penises and vaginas copulating. Says Blakemore (quoted in Watercutter): “The design on coursework based New York the rug shows basically – in writing essay topics, geometric form with round curves – the act of intercourse itself, one after another after another after another. . . Website That Essay For You! . Sort of like the picture of down through the generations of general writing topics Curtin University Singapore what produces life.” More “evidence” of based degrees New York a sex-crazed Kubrick. In sheer number of theories concerning The Shining , Rob Ager should have – but did not – made the general Curtin University, cut in Ascher’s documentary. Most of his ideas are contained in an “in-depth” analysis of The University of Sheffield The Shining that he published online. You can also find a number of his analysis videos at YouTube, including the one where he contends that the two twin girls in the film are not Delbert Grady’s daughters, the ielts writing essay Curtin University, one where he claims that there is something meaningful in the river of blood, and the one where he asserts that Kubrick inserted a secret message condemning the gold standard, in the photograph that we see at the end of the film. Why are there so many wacky interpretations of writes for you The Shining ? Watercutter attributes much of this conspiratorial theorizing to advances in technology. She writes:

There was no internet when The Shining was released and it would be a while after it played in ielts general Singapore, theaters that VHS really took off, so the capacity for obsessive watching and re-watching, frame-by-frame analysis, and sharing of theories online is only something that’s been around in the latter part of the film’s history. We can only guess what kind of theories will arise in essay London, Business & Hospitality School, an even newer technological moment, when anyone at anytime can stream the film, playing it forwards and backwards to ielts general writing essay Curtin University Singapore, their heart’s content. We are now in that essay for you College, what writer Chuck Klosterman recently dubbed “Immersion Criticism”: the kind of in-depth interpretations of popular culture that can only come after watching a particular piece of writing essay topics Curtin University Singapore media dozens of times. “It’s not just a matter of website that essay Concord noticing things other people miss, because that can be done by ielts general writing University, anyone who’s perceptive,” Klosterman wrote about Room 237 at Grantland . “It’s a matter of texas critical College noticing things that the director included to ielts writing essay University Singapore, indicate his true, undisclosed intention.” Vary puts the The University, onus on the director, Stanley Kubrick. Vary suggests that Kubrick seeded his film with a lot of mysteries, which guaranteed his film continuous scrutiny. Vary quotes Tim Kirk, the producer of Room 237 : “'[ The Shining ] doesn’t solve things even on a plot level. What happened in room 237? We don’t really know.

Rodney has pointed out that the photograph at the end is played almost like a big reveal of ‘Aha!’ But it’s not really. If anything, it just deepens the mystery’” (qtd. in Vary). Kubrick’s reputation as an auteur, an ielts general writing essay Curtin Singapore art film director, is also part of the equation. Again, Vary quotes Kirk, who says: “I think the degrees New York, understanding of Kubrick as this meticulous, obsessively detail oriented director does make you think that if you see something in a frame, then he put it there and there’s a reason,” says Kirk. “That is general topics a jumping off point for a lot of people. . . . The rest of his movies are all so good and so close to perfection,” he adds, “that if you don’t get something . . . Texas Gop Platform Critical Trinity School! there’s a trust that it’s not that it’s a mistake, it’s that you didn’t figure it out.” All work and no play means too tired to notice obvious continuity errors… This is what I call argument by mise-en-scene. It’s an idea that I typically subscribe to: nothing in the shot (visual details) is an accident. But the conspiratorial interpretations of The Shining certainly challenge this idea.

The Shining is a cautionary tale in regards to interpretations. Ielts General Curtin University! That is, what you say the Glion London, Business & Hospitality, mise-en-scene isn’t necessarily so. A reading of general writing Curtin University Singapore a visual detail does not, alone, make for a viable interpretation. Many of the visual details cited as evidence by the interpreters discussed in this post could just as easily be continuity errors. Essay Glion & Hospitality School! At the topics University, moviemistakes.com wiki page on The Shining lists 21 continuity errors found and posted by viewers. (It doesn’t list the one I discovered: in the scene where Wendy discusses Danny with a doctor, Wendy mentions that the abuse incident occurred five months before; but when Jack discusses the same incident with the ghostly barman, shortly after this point, he says the incident occurred three years before). “The horror! I will live on forever as a footnote in open university essay writing Glion School, some crazy person’s conspiracy theory!”

So now I present my own conspiratorial interpretation. I argue that Kubrick himself (before his death – or from the grave ) planted all the interpretations mentioned to cover up the fact that he was quite sloppy when making The Shining . He wanted people to be distracted from the fact that he messed up on the Grady daughters, the prop left in the river of blood shot, the changed typewriter, the missing chair, the missing Dopey, the floor plan of the hotel, and the changed room number. How else to explain a film that is about the Holocaust, Native American genocide, a faked moon landing, America’s abandonment of the gold standard, AND a CIA mind-control program, all in the same film? The only possibility is that Kubrick floated those theories himself. And we have only scratched the surface of all the conspiracies Kubrick has floated. It’s only a matter of ielts general writing topics Curtin Singapore time before someone links The Shining to an article Jiaotong-Liverpool, the assassination of President John F. Writing Essay Topics! Kennedy and the Mayan Apocalypse.

I see all these future theories coming down on us like a river of blood. Prepare yourself. . . . I’m outta here (before they discover my interpretation is Film full of holes) Angela Watercutter, “The 10 Most Outrageous Theories About What The Shining Really Means”, Wired Magazine (March 29, 2013). Adam B. Vary. Essay Topics Singapore! “5 Conspiracy Theories About ‘The Shining’ That Aren’t In ‘Room 237.’ Buzzfeed Entertainment (March 28, 2013).