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Bullying in write Gordon University, School Proposal Essay Sample. Brandon Bitner was a freshman honor student at Midd-West High School from Middleburg, PA. Brandon was an accomplished violinist. In school he found the expository essay writing Glenalmond College ability to express his interest as we as he by wearing black clothing and eyeliner. School was also his biggest torment. On November 9th, 2010 Brandon took his own life by stepping in front of a moving tractor trailer, as the result of constant bullying. In his suicide note that he left on his computer, said he felt powerless and how to Gordon (NAVITAS) could not endure another four years of being called “faggot” and “sissy”. Brenckle, 2010) Four more students across America commit suicide, Seth Walsh, 13, Asher Brown, 13, Billy Lucas, 15, and Tyler Clementi, 18, all in the month of September from being bullied. (Drexler, 2010) Even though not every victim of bullying results in suicide, it has to stop. How To A Good University Of Exeter! I have had two friends commit suicide from the years of bullying they endured while in school.
Bullying has not only led to an increase in how to essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), teen suicides, an increase in school violence and shootings, it also has long lasting emotional and psychological effects beyond school. This not only has to change, it can change. No child should ever have to live in fear while trying to learn. This will not be an overnight fix, yet teachers, staff and Rosenberg lawmakers need to be proactive with anti-bullying and not reactive to something that has already happened and happening. The purpose of this proposal is to show readers that bullying is a serious problem and not just kids being kids.
The problems are due to bullying from a victim to the bully, and the long lasting effects emotional and psychological if something is not done to prevent it from happening, and by implementing practices that promote social justice and equity in schools, will instill a level playing field for every student. One city in write a rogerian Robert Gordon, Missouri went even further to prevent bullying off school grounds, where schools say they have no jurisdiction. They took their fight in front of Johnson County city board and got a city ordinance. A Good Summary Of An College! One the most successful anti-bullying programs now has reduced bullying significantly. This will include several sources for credibility to my proposal. Robert University! Adams, F. D. (2011), Jacobson, R. B. (2010), Kalman, I. C. Expository Writing Glenalmond College! (2013), Every time a child is bullied everyone is affected, particularly the students that may suffer headaches, stomach pains and even sleeping problems. They may develop a fear of going to school, going to the bathroom, and riding the bus. It is how to write a rogerian Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) possible they could lose interest in school by having trouble concentrating or perform poorly academically. The impact on the bullies can range from frequent fights; developing a habit for stealing and vandalizing property, to how to narrative essay University of Exeter (INTO) drinking and how to write a rogerian essay Gordon doing drugs, which could lead to depression and low self-esteem. Students that witness bullying, the bystanders, may feel a sense of guilt by not acting in a responsible manner, or if they do might be a target for bullying themselves.
This impact will also affect the school itself, there could be a sense of fear throughout the school and give the students a sense that teachers have the write (INTO) inability to control students and feel they do not care what happens. Bullying has been a problem since the age of time. One of the most memorable examples of this is in the book “Oliver Twist” written by Charles Dickens and published in 1838. This is one of the first examples written in the English language focusing on bullying and how to a rogerian essay Gordon mistreatment of a child. Intellectual Thinking Rosenberg! Prior to the 1970’s bullying was not really considered a major problem or recognized until Swedish researcher by the name of Dan Olweus a professor in psychology at a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), the University of Bergen in Norway conducted the first large scale study on bullying with school aged children and found that it was a growing problem. Olweus’s findings were published as a book in 1973. Later on his book was published again in 1978 in argumentative persuasive The University, the United States titled “Aggression in the schools: Bullies and Whipping Boys” (Carpenter Ferguson, n.d.) During the 1980’s Olweus implemented the first intervention that showed positive effects of how to a rogerian Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), his “Bullying Prevention Program”.
In 1993 he also wrote “Bullying at write essay in english Jiaotong-Liverpool University, School: What We Know and write essay Robert Gordon What We Can Do”, Olweus is considered the narrative University of Exeter world’s leading authority on bullying behavior (Carpenter Ferguson, n.d.) There are many reasons why some schools and staff are not doing enough to prevent bullying, or simply ignore it completely. One school in Florida was ignoring bullying was it would affect their financial standing. Out of how to essay Robert, 10 fights on campus only two were reported. Others were downgraded to horseplay. By not having any serious discipline problems, the school was awarded 200,000 by the state of Florida. Purpose Of Critical Brunel London! (Golgowski, 2014,) Recent studies have shown bullying is missed by adults 96% of the time. Teachers are mostly focused on how to write a rogerian Gordon University (NAVITAS) what goes on a good in english in the classroom, and bullying happens in write a rogerian Robert University (NAVITAS), the locker rooms, lunchroom, and on the playground. (Whitson, 2012) Exposure to purpose of critical thinking Brunel London (Navitas) bullying impacts a child’s physical and mental health in many ways. One who is bullied tends to show more anxiety then others. They also suffer from depression and are at higher risk for suicide. Studies have shown a 70% greater depression in children that had been bullied.
In a cross country study of 2700 students from ages 9-12 showed a high risk for how to essay University psychosomatic symptoms along with depression. In a study of 276 adult members of the British Stammering Association concerning school experiences related to bullying and its long-term effects, Hugh-Jones and Smith (1999) found that the majority of respondents had experienced bullying at school. Of those who were bullied, the majority reported immediate negative effects and 46% reported undesirable long-term effects. (Ttofi Farrington, 2008) Indirect bullying (spreading rumors or not talking to University London someone on Gordon University purpose) does significantly predict anxiety and depression, as well as withdrawn behaviors. Write Essay University Of Exeter (INTO)! The negative impact of victimization and bullying is buffered by youngsters#8217; positive relationship with one or both parents. (Baldry, 2004) “They call me a terrorist because I’m a Muslim. I’ve lost my temper a couple of times, which frustrates me because I end up getting into write a rogerian essay Robert trouble.
Some of my friends stand up for purpose of critical University London me but it isn’t enough. I want the teachers to do something, but they always tell me they’re really busy” (from a teenager’s statement to ChildLine). (Terren, 2014) The best way to stop bullying in schools is to stop the problem in the beginning before it starts. This can be done by educating and training the staff on early signs of bullying. Write A Rogerian Essay Gordon (NAVITAS)! Teachers need to educate students on how to a good essay Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool social acceptance and project a more positive atmosphere. Next the school districts need to implement an off school grounds bullying ordinance to protect victims of bullying off school grounds where schools normally do not have jurisdiction to deal with bullying. Parents need to talk to their children if their child is being labeled as a bully, find out a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), why he or she is bullying, find how they are feeling about themselves, if they are being bullied by someone else, or if their friends are bullying. Children learn different subjects from books, what also needs to be taught are empathy, respect, and compassion. Bullying children lack the awareness of how the children they are bullying feel.
Parents need to make expectations clear and write a good summary of an article College make them aware that bullying will not be tolerated. Take immediate action if you find out your child has been involved in an incident. One has to provide consequences for how to Robert bullying and be specific to what will happen. Model behavior has been a proven fact, teach our children by expository essay Glenalmond College, example. We have to encourage a level playing field for all children involved.
Role playing by conducting certain bullying situations and have your child play both the bully and the victim and write a rogerian essay University that way they will understand how it feels from both perspectives. When your child handles a situation well, provide positive feedback. This will not happen overnight, will take time, especially now that your child is dealing with new feelings and conflict; make your love and support visible to how to University of Exeter (INTO) them. (Center, 2005) That is why The Final Countdown is the solution to how to write a rogerian Gordon University conquer the bullying epidemic. These plans will finally countdown the narrative University days till bullying will no longer be in our schools and our children will be going back to school and willing to go back and achieve the write a rogerian essay Gordon University success we all want for our children. These children are our future congressman, teachers, doctors, scientist, and presidents. Argumentative Persuasive Of Glasgow! The Final Countdown plan will be successful since schools and parents are trying to let the current anti-bullying programs take care of it and not involving themselves in a child’s life unless something happens first. A proactive approach is definitely the answer to reactive, something that has already happen.
You simply cannot stop something that has passed. This will show the kids someone really does care and we are here for them, children want and need to be needed, that is how GOD made us. This plan will educate everyone from teachers, administration, political officials, parents, and how to write a rogerian essay (NAVITAS) children. This will allow everyone to work together and be on the same page. Write Xi’an University! Putting up and relying on cameras to prevent bullying is not working as we all know by the increase in school violence, and suicides. One of the biggest reasons for bullying not only still going on and increasing is not having the ability to how to write a rogerian essay University (NAVITAS) recognize bullying and having misconceptions about bullying. This plan will not only focus on protecting the victim, it’s also designed to help the bully themselves.
One thing to teach the parents and schools staff is to understand the truth about how to write a good summary of an article, bullying. How To Essay Robert Gordon! For a child to walk away from a bully, by ignoring them demonstrates they do not have control over you. A bully looks for someone they can control. There are very few things in life that we have control over and one of argumentative The University of Glasgow, them is behavior in other people. Yet one can focus on how to write a rogerian Gordon University the way they choose to react to bullying. Things that can be taught to an already or possible bully is, show them the positive and reflect on things that one might appreciate in life. Teachers can express to our children to share their feelings and provide to them that opportunity to talk to a counselor, coach or anyone they feel trusted with. Expository! Expressing how one feels will make a huge difference to how they feel. Some of the myths about bullying to understand are for one, all kids make mistakes and that is how to write a rogerian essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) a part of life. Parents that do not feel their child is capable of being hurtful just make it harder for bullied to get the help they need (Help Guide, n.d.).
One of the reasons for prompts College bullying signs are so hard to see is most bullying occurs in places where adults are not present. Example: in hallways or off school grounds. Victims will often try to cover any evidence of being bullied due to the shame that comes along with being victimized. There was a day when a child could just walk a different route home or an alternate route to how to write a rogerian (NAVITAS) class. With the internet that is how to essay of Exeter (INTO) not the case. Once a child is targeted there is not getting away. So by still using the old rules to try and fix this is not going to work, we have an opportunity with all the research and data on bullying and means to communicate it, our children should feel safe at home and school. By taking this information and educating the officials and students, these principals will give teachers and parents an edge on bullying and stomp it out. (Sullo, 2010) The current policies are simply not working and we can see that by the increase in how to a rogerian essay University (NAVITAS), school violence and school shootings. A stack of papers with a set of of Exeter (INTO), principles are useless if they are not implemented, and to try and use them to deter what has already happen is not good, this is not getting to the root of write Gordon University, bullying and trying to expository essay Glenalmond understand what and why this is happening to a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) our children. This plan would best succeed if implemented at the elementary level this is critical stage in a child’s life. Persuasive The University Of Glasgow! A major key to this is the education of conflict resolution, by staff educating our children this can provide children a way to how to a rogerian essay express their feelings and write a good of an College solve a conflict.
This can teach our children to control their behavior while generating and write essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) coming up with solutions to a conflict. How To Write Article Fanshawe College! (Rust Rieman, n.d.) This map shows how high the risk is for bullies who I’m reminded of a guy from my high school who bullied just about everyone he could. The guy’s several years into a 1-year sentence on drug and weapon charges, with his sentence enhanced under the state “persistent offender” law. This also shows the risk of physical or sexual abuse that can result from bullying. How To Write Essay University! So let’s ask ourselves, is this our child? What can we do to prevent this? Well my plan is the answer to not only preventing this from happening to your child, but to any child that is considering on bullying someone. Writing Prompts Glenalmond! There is where we as parents and staff need to step in and prevent before it’s too late.
Coaches, teachers, and administrator since time eternal issue the school 11th school commandment, “Thou shall not bully,” but this top-down approach has not changed the actions or the hearts of students. However, using the current curriculum as a tool to teach against bullying not only how to write essay University raises awareness but causes the students to become proactive and protect themselves and others against this destructive action. How To Write Of An Article Fanshawe College! Those statistics below do not represent numbers but the faces teachers see every day in their classrooms. Robert (NAVITAS)! This is the of critical thinking University time to implement “The Final Countdown” plan and how to write a rogerian Gordon University (NAVITAS) take control of the wide spread bullying issue. You have all seen the long lasting effects of what will come out of how to a good narrative essay (INTO), this and a substantial increase in school violence and teen suicide. This has to stop now and taking these steps and write a rogerian essay University implementing them not online our schools but our lives and children’s lives. dams, F. The University Of Glasgow! D. Write A Rogerian Gordon! (2011). Bullying victims: The effects last into college. American Secondary Education, 40(1), 4-13. Intellectual Thinking Institut Auf Dem Rosenberg! Baldry, A. How To Gordon! C. (2004) The impact of direct and indirect bullying on the mental and physical health of Italian youngsters.
Aggressive Behavior, 30(5), 343-355. Carpenter, D. Ferguson, C. J. (n.d.) History of argumentative persuasive The University of Glasgow, bullying: Retrieved from a rogerian essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) Netplaces website: http://www.noodletools.com/noodlebib/cite.php?ADD=Web%20Site Center, P. How To Write A Good Summary Article Fanshawe College! (Ed.). (2005, October). What if your child is the bully. Retrieved from how to a rogerian essay Gordon University Pacer website: http://www.pacer.org/parent/php/PHP-c109.pdf Drexler, L. (2010, October 30). Teen bullying is not just #8216;kidding around#8217; The Patriot-News. The University! Golgowski, N. (2014, September 24). Staff at Florida school where bullied boy shot himself was told to ignore trouble students: letter.
Daily News, news. HelpGuide. (n.d.). Dealing with bullying. Retrieved from how to write University (NAVITAS) HelpGuide website: http://www.helpguide.org/articles/abuse/dealing-with-bullying.htm Rust, J., Rieman, J. (n.d.). Stop bullying me:! Preventing bullying before it begins. Prevention Bullying Before It Begins.
Sullo, B. (2010) Getting to the roots of bullying. Virginia Journal of Education. Terren, N. C. (2014, July 27) Racist victimization in schools in the United Kingdom. The Prisma. Ttofi, M. M., Farrington, D. P. (2008), Bullying: Short-term and long-term effects, and the importance of defiance theory in explanation and prevention. Victims and Offenders, 3, 289-312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15564880802143397 Whitson, S. (2012, March 26). What parents can do when bullying is downplayed at school. The Huffington Post, The Blog.
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Lyda Borelli’s Satanic Rhapsody : The Cinema and the Occult. Georgia Institute of Technology. Un article de la revue Cinemas. Tous droits reserves © Cinemas, 2006. Salons. How To A Rogerian (NAVITAS). Un eclairage sur la societe par les revues savantes.
Discussing Nino Oxilia’s film Satanic Rhapsody ( Rapsodia Satanica , 1915) starring Lyda Borelli, the author examines the influence of The University, Bergsonism on the perception of cinema right before and during World War I. How To Write Robert Gordon University. In particular, she points out the intersection between the film and, among other references, the tradition of the early Italian diva film, the plastic dynamism of Futurist painter Umberto Boccioni, the dance/performance art of Loie Fuller, and the emerging figure of the New Woman. Analysant Rapsodie satanique ( Rapsodia Satanica , 1915), film de Nino Oxilia donnant la vedette a Lyda Borelli, l’auteure du present article met en lumiere l’effet du bergsonisme sur la perception qu’on avait du cinema juste avant et pendant la Premiere Guerre mondiale. Parmi les nombreuses sources d’inspiration d’Oxilia, elle souligne plus particulierement l’influence de la tradition des films de divas du cinema italien naissant, du dynamisme plastique du peintre futuriste Umberto Boccioni, des choregraphies et performances de Loie Fuller, ainsi que celle de la figure emergeante de la Femme Nouvelle. Nino Oxilia’s Rapsodia Satanica (1915), or Satanic Rhapsody , with Lyda Borelli, is an write Jiaotong-Liverpool, important silent film to how to a rogerian essay University (NAVITAS), examine because of the ways in which it weaves together so many cultural threads of its period. The most important of these threads is Bergsonism, that is an understanding of the cinema as a new technology blending together a subjective, fantastic quality with an objective, documentary-like style. Originally, in Creative Evolution , Henri Bergson (1998) associated the cinema of intellectual auf dem, his day with science and the illusions of intelligence. This is the case because the motion studies that he knew by Etienne-Jules Marey were so analytical and compartmentalizing that they did not, during the course of observation, take into account the subjective powers of memory, intuition and imagination. Yet, through Giovanni Papini, an Italian disciple of Bergson, this opposition between cinema and subjectivity became much less rigid.  By referring to a rogerian Gordon University (NAVITAS), the print of Rapsodia Satanica restored by how to a good summary of an article Fanshawe the Cineteca di Bologna, in this essay I will argue that Nino Oxilia probably knew Bergson’s work through his friend, the painter and film producer Pier Antonio Gariazzo. I will also contend that, just like Papini, Oxilia feels that the a rogerian (NAVITAS), cinema is a combination of fantastic and how to a good essay (INTO), documentary-like moments, so that his style alternates betweeen outdoor scenes with natural lighting and indoor episodes with a Caravaggesque chiaroscuro. This mix of styles is all about the how to a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University, transition from old to essay University, new, the passage from the write Robert Gordon, stuffy interiors of a castle to freer gardens with butterflies, winds, clouds, and trees. In the case of Rapsodia , the theme of an identity in search of change applies, of course, to the film-diva Lyda Borelli.
Rapsodia Satanica is a diva-film, that is a work built around a female star whose marketing prestige overshadowed even the write a good essay in english Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool, reputation of the director, Nino Oxilia. Although widely used in contemporary English, the word diva in 1915 Italy meant something different from how to a rogerian Gordon University what it means today. Most people associate the term with a strong, beautiful and dangerous woman, derived from the nineteenth-century femme fatale of how to summary article Fanshawe College, painting and literature. Such a definition is relevant to the film-diva of write a rogerian Gordon University (NAVITAS), early Italian cinema, but only in a limited way, since the female stars of that period were characterized by a suffering and write in english Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool, maternal aura ( mater dolorosa ) which the American femme fatales never adopted. How To Robert University. Furthermore, in early Italian cinema a diva-film meant a melodrama with Orientalist decor dealing with women’s issues such as aging, abandonment, divorce, adultery, pregnancy, employment and so forth. In the case of Rapsodia Satanica , Borelli’s character becomes the conceptual centerpiece of the whole film. To be sure, she was a famous star of the stage, until 1913 when she agreed to expository prompts, work in Everlasting Love with director Mario Caserini. Borelli’s success with her first film experience was enormous: a new film genre was born along with a new kind of female stardom, so that the young actress’ manners became a fashionable mode of behaviour for millions of young Italian women.
In the wake of such an explosion of celebrity for how to write Robert Gordon Borelli, when the young Nino Oxilia was chosen by intellectual thinking Institut auf dem Cines, a Roman production house to direct Rapsodia Satanica , it was a great opportunity for his artistic career. As a film concerned with romance, aging, physical beauty, and personal happiness for a rogerian essay Robert Gordon a powerful woman who lives alone, Rapsodia Satanica fits within the Institut Rosenberg, genre of the how to Robert Gordon, diva-film, but Oxilia used every element at purpose Brunel his disposal to raise the stakes of the genre itself from within and to move the whole project in a more philosophical and experimental direction. More specifically, there are at least two reasons why Oxilia’s Rapsodia Satanica stands out in comparision to similar films from the same period. Firstly, Rapsodia Satanica exhibits a fascination with the late nineteenth-century obsession with occult forces intertwined with an Orientalist agenda. Just a few years before the shooting of Oxilia’s film, the Robert University, Italians’ taste for the exotic and the esoteric had been kindled by the arrival of Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes in Rome.
Secondly, Rapsodia Satanica is concerned with the theme of temporality, or the so-called “fourth dimension,” a key topic in write summary of an article Fanshawe Italian circles studying the borderline between scientific and paranormal phenomena. The film’s preoccupation with time demonstrates the wide-spread influence of Henri Bergson’s philosophy of write Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), duration. In contrast to a traditional, linear, and teleological understanding of history, Bergson’s duration or the resilience of an imaginative impulse— elan vital —was a whole new way of of critical thinking Brunel (Navitas), thinking about subjectivity and creativity which shaped the ideas of many Italian intellectuals in Oxilia’s time. To better understand how so many different strands play themselves out in Rapsodia , I will devote a series of sections to a close-up examination of the artistic and intellectual network of forces that have shaped this little-known but unusual, “experimental” melodrama. Born in Turin, Nino Oxilia (1889-1917) was involved in poetry, songwriting, and theatre, before turning to film. As a young man, he was a bohemian; it might be going too far to call Oxilia a protofeminist, but he was a friend of poet Guido Gozzano and a rogerian Robert (NAVITAS), his companion, the writer Amalia Guglielminetti. This high-profile couple was engaged in debates about social reform and the emancipation of women (though Gozzano’s inclinations were more melancholic and conservative than Oxilia’s). Turin at of critical thinking the time was teeming with Socialists, suffragettes, and ladies active in philanthropy and salons; due to its proximity to France, Turin was also a center of filmmaking for the rest of Italy. How To Write Gordon University. Vittorio Calcina, the essay University (INTO), first representative of the Lumiere Brothers in Italy, was based there. Between the eighteen-eighties and write a rogerian Robert University, eighteen-nineties, Turin had become, through Edmondo De Amicis’ heartbreaking feuilletons about immigration, poverty, and education, the city of patriotic piety, socialism, and the Italian Risorgimento.
Antonio Gramsci, another native of Turin, split from the Socialists in a good summary of an 1919 to found the brand new Communist Party in the wake of the Bolshevik Revolution. Turin was the how to Robert, city of criminal anthropology. It was there that Cesare Lombroso managed to get his chair at the university. One component of the emerging industral triangle with Milan and Genoa, Turin was different from other Italian cities due to the scientific, secular tradition fostered by the French Enlightment across the Alps.  While the Scapigliatura was an artistic youth movement inspired by the French boheme, all sorts of mystical and religious cults, as well as esoteric and exotic fashions, were also flourishing there as a reaction against the mathematical certitude at write the service of industry and the Turinese liberal-conservative oligarchy. Oxilia grew up in this Turinese climate of a rogerian Robert Gordon University, technological and artistic experimentation where irrational beliefs went hand in hand with scientific testing. Narrative Essay University (INTO). More specifically, Oxilia started his artistic career in the theatre as a writer, but he was quickly recruited by Arturo Ambrosio’s production house. By 1912, Oxilia became very close to Pier Antonio Gariazzo, a painter, filmmaker, and producer; he was also the founder of Savoia Film, a company that specialized in how to essay University contemporary dramas. Always eager to be informed about the latest trend, Gariazzo dabbled in philosophy, loved adventure, and write of an article Fanshawe, traveled extensively (his experiences in Indonesia inspired several paintings). Turin was also the home of Robert, Adriano Tilgher, a minor philosopher, who became a disciple of Henri Bergson and wrote the book Art, Knowledge and Reality (1911) ( Arte, conoscenza e realta ). In this stimulating environment, the young Oxilia met his future fiancee, Maria Jacobini, a young actress who looked like Mary Pickford and was also the niece of a Vatican-based cardinal.
Jacobini left her parents’ house in persuasive The University Rome amid great scandal, to become a diva and devote herself entirely to the cinema.  Oxilia fell in love and became her Pygmalion. In 1913, after many projects in the Turinese film environment, Oxilia signed a contract with Cines, a prestigious production house based in how to a rogerian essay Rome, which asked him to work with Francesca Bertini for Sangue Blue through its subsidiary company, Celio. In 1915 Oxilia wrote Il Fior di Male , a film beautifully interpreted by Lyda Borelli for the director Carmine Gallone. In 1916, when the intellectual Institut auf dem, brief season of divas was nearly over, and blood and death were flooding the Italian screens, Oxilia shot a couple of how to Robert Gordon, war newsreels set in of Glasgow the Balkans. His images were so gruesome that the censorship board intervened. In 1917 Oxilia died on the front line, blown to pieces by a bomb during the battle of Monte Tomba. He was one among many artists and intellectuals of that confused yet remarkable generation who died in the Great War; the painter Umberto Boccioni and the architect Antonio Sant’Elia met the same fate. The diva-film, thus, found itself lacking intellectual mentors to improve the write essay, genre and open it up to argumentative, experimentation with new ideas about women and visual technologies. Overall Oxilia’s style as a director was quite fluid, and it is, therefore, difficult to determine exactly what his specific contributions were. In addition, his role as leader was submerged by a sort of cooperative authorship that prevailed within the energetic but chaotic film industry.
So open to experimentation was Oxilia that, during the shooting of Ananke ( Fate , 1915) with Leda Gys, Maria Jacobini, and Maria’s sister, Diomira Jacobini, he let the three divas handle most of the how to write a rogerian Robert University, creative decisions and limited himself to the role of how to a good narrative essay University, set designer. What is sure, however, is that he directed not only Bertini in Sangue Blue and Borelli in Rapsodia Satanica , but also Pina Menichelli in Il Papa ( Daddy , 1915) and in Il Sottomarino 27 ( Submarine 27 , 1915), two films that unfortunately have been lost. Because he worked with the most important divas of his period, it is likely that Oxilia had a reputation inside the how to write essay Robert Gordon, industry which was competitive with that of Mario Caserini, Carmine Gallone, and Giovanni Pastrone. Between 1912 and 1917, the year of his death, Oxilia was involved in at least twenty-four films—all of them made one after another and at breackneck speed. The point here is that enough positive energy surrounded the young filmmaker to The University of Glasgow, sustain him in a constructive way during the production of Rapsodia Satanica . And this climate of openness to new ideas and cosmopolitan trends may indicate why Oxilia celebrates women’s sense of independence with an explicit citation of Loie Fuller’s dancing performed by Lyda Borelli in Rapsodia Satanica . By 1915 Loie Fuller, an American dancer who triumphed in Paris, was a well-established icon of women’s emancipation and the artistic integration of technology, science and how to a rogerian essay Gordon University (NAVITAS), imagination. Most significantly, her dances, performed in complete darkness with phosphorescent veils and colored electric lights mounted on wands, were comparable to a proto-cinematic show; even the Italian Futurists praised Fuller’s work unreservedly. By associating Borelli with Fuller at the end of Rapsodia , Oxilia was clearly spelling out the ideas of freedom and reinvention. How To Write A Good Jiaotong-Liverpool. Such a feminist use of a famous diva was no small statement, and, as such, it put him in a potentially compromising position. But referencing Fuller was not the only risk Oxilia was ready to essay Gordon, take.
In Rapsodia , Borelli, before turning into a sort of butterfly of the future, impersonates a cruel Salome. Of Critical Thinking Brunel University (Navitas). This reference was mandatory because Borelli conquered Italian audiences by playing Salome on stage in 1902. Yet it was also a bit risky to associate film and femininity with an Orientalist myth. Write A Rogerian Robert University. On the other hand, cinema’s bad reputation as the conduit of evil from the East to the West, did nothing to slow down the Orientalist vogue in early Italian film culture. Through Borelli dressed as Salome, Oxilia’s Rapsodia explores the transformation of the cruel femme fatale into the New Woman of write a good essay in english, modernity, while it also interrogates the write a rogerian Robert, cinema about its affinities with the outdoors or the natural world in a good narrative (INTO) contrast to the alliance between theatre and architecture, or the indoors and furniture. How To A Rogerian Robert. Oxilia’s Rapsodia was shot and finished in 1914, but not distributed until 1917 due to unspecified difficulties. It seems that there was some rivalry with Mario Caserini (1874-1920), who was based in Rome and linked to Cines just as Oxilia was. Persuasive The University. Perhaps Caserini himself was instrumental in holding the film up. One of the a rogerian Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), producers of the a good in english Jiaotong-Liverpool University, film at Cines was the Baron Alberto Fassini, also known as Alfa, who had strong ties with the Bank of write a rogerian essay Gordon University (NAVITAS), Rome and financed the Institut auf dem Rosenberg, project.
Fassini brought in the composer Pietro Mascagni and asked him to write the how to write a rogerian essay Gordon (NAVITAS), music. After watching the film over and over again without intertitles, Mascagni felt strongly that the The University, music should rule over the image. He declared that he envisioned a score at least fifty-five minutes long. As a result, Oxilia agreed to redo the ending so as to match the length of Mascagni’s score. Some argue that the how to write (NAVITAS), reason why Rapsodia Satanica stood on of critical thinking University London the shelf until 1917 was Mascagni’s endless revising. He was unwilling to declare he had completed the a rogerian essay Gordon, final version of the persuasive of Glasgow, score until 1917, even though most of the music was written by a rogerian 1915. How To Write In English Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool.  Rapsodia ’s plot is how to Robert (NAVITAS) easy to summarize.
An old woman, Alba D’Oltrevita, whose names means Dawn-Beyond-Life (Lyda Borelli), tired of wasting away and fearing death, makes a deal with the devil: she will be young and of critical London, beautiful forever if she gives up romance. The idea of giving up romance and achieving eternal youth involves breaking the statuette of a little Cupid standing near an hour glass. Yet Alba’s statuette does not break. Unaware, the devil flips the hourglass upside down, and Alba switches from old to young. The owner of the Castle of Illusion (an obvious architectural allegory of the movie theatre), Alba embodies not only the life-preserving power of the filmic image, but the dream of a rogerian University (NAVITAS), reversing the a good Jiaotong-Liverpool, death-bound flow of time. In keeping with a self-reflexive reading of Oxilia’s film, Alba’s character can be linked to two separate images of time—two complementary views of the cinema involving two other famous female stars of silent film culture. The first image involves Ida Rubinstein, the famous Russian dancer from the Ballets Russes.
Her first appearance on a Parisian stage in 1909 mesmerized the audience, especially when her body appeared to be slowly emerging out of an unraveling, cocoon-like strip of how to write a rogerian essay University, cloth. She looked like a butterfly leaving her chrysalis behind, or like a soul leaving a dead body. An ancient symbol for the immortal soul, the butterfly is a major icon of Art Nouveau. The second image is how to a good essay University a photograph of Theda Bara staring at an Egyptian mummy stored in how to essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) a glass case. The first example is about the time of projection, whereas the second is thinking Institut Rosenberg about the essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), cinema holding forever still a moment that is as unique and as precious as the human body preserved through mummification.
When combined, these two images spell out how each moment in film is suspended between a metaphysical ideal and an unavoidable, physical decay: each frame wants to endure forever, yet each is flickering away at the same time. Rapsodia Satanica is an allegorical meditation on how to of an Fanshawe College the inner and outer temporalities of the filmic image—that is, the filmic image is as transient as Alba’s youth but, thanks to its photographic ontology, the image in film is also as long-lasting as an how to Gordon University (NAVITAS), Egyptian mummy. Rapsodia ’s plot unfolds through episodes of jealousy and self-destruction between Alba and two brothers who are both in love with her. Most importantly, Borelli falls in love with palpitating nature, with life itself outside the walls of her Castle. Alba’s home is surrounded by a series of gardens, ranging from highly designed and cultivated plots to the forgotten corners where plants grow wild. While she is walking alone in a secluded corner of her huge park, she surprises a yellow butterfly resting on a flower. The distance between her and the object of her gaze is hardly established, and it is for expository essay College this reason that the cut from a close-up of her face to a close-up of the how to write a rogerian Robert, butterfly cannot complement each other within the system of the Institut Rosenberg, point-of-view shot. In the passage from one shot to the next, today’s spectator can sense that the spatial proportions are off: the size of objects in the first shot looks awkward in relation to the size of those contained in the second. In addition to lacking a verisimilar articulation of space, eye-line matches are missing throughout.
Alba’s gaze upon a group of musicians below her window is incomplete. Robert University (NAVITAS). The reaction-shot necessary to legitimize the inference of a point-of-view shot is argumentative of Glasgow not there. Let there be no doubt that these are not mistakes, for there are no rules in place at this point. This is why these particular examples are also responsible for the flavor and texture of the film, for all its rough edges and write essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), moments of surprise. Despite the intellectual thinking, limitations typical of early cinema, the steady alternation between indoor and outdoor space suggests that Oxilia might have been wondering about how to a rogerian Robert Gordon, film’s special kinship with nature.
The director’s energy seems to be torn between cramped art-historical allusions within the sets and purpose University London (Navitas), the spontaneous flow of water and write a rogerian essay University (NAVITAS), the reverberations of light in the garden. Of course, most shots of the write essay in english Xi’an University, landscape include carefully arranged micro-narratives of youthful groups horseback riding or dancing into the most remote background layers of the shot. Yet the use of natural lighting in the outdoor sequences, the feeling of how to write Gordon (NAVITAS), fresh air, and the thin fabrics used for the costumes indicate that the cinema functions at its very best with intangible, quasi-invisible materials. Expository Prompts Glenalmond. On the other hand, inside the Castle of Illusion, mirrors and chiaroscuro lighting produce a dense but also alluring sense of mystery around Alba. Rapsodia Satanica mixes an older, “primitive” and indoor mode of filmmaking with attempts toward a more advanced, outdoor and modern method. Dressed as Salome during the opening costume party, Borelli slowly advances from the background to the foreground of the shot. The outline of write a rogerian essay Robert Gordon, her figure is almost lost in crowded compositions: rococo furniture and statuettes, arabesque-like stuccoes, walls covered with pictures of all sizes, Oriental rugs, curtains, tapestries, animal skins, gilded frames, and bibelots surround the purpose thinking, famous diva. To be sure, it would be too easy, and also quite wrong, to dismiss Rapsodia Satanica on the basis of its Orientalist kitsch. Furniture, ornament, and drapery are much more than gratuitous decorative detail: they offer Oxilia an opportunity to emphasize plasticity, molding, and relief—namely, staging in depth—within the diva-film, which is still trying to mediate the impression of reality with a certain degree of horror vacuii , or fear of the void. An art historical term that refers to Robert, the anxiety of filling an empty background too reminiscent of the shadowy flatness of archaic projection, horror vacuii is confirmed by how Rapsodia ’s accumulation of how to a good University of Exeter, furniture arises from a fear of the void that lurks behind the empty shadows of the projection. It is a rogerian essay quite telling that the persuasive, devil literally walks into the narrative, by leaving behind the dark space of an overly gilded pictorial frame which seems both to how to a rogerian Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), contain and to how to a good summary College, compensate for a ghastly area of unrepresentable emptiness.
On the other hand, in a film where the surfaces of mirrors reflect multiple images, such a dance of interacting projections does make up for a static camera. Write Essay (NAVITAS). Halfway through the thinking Rosenberg, film, during the sequence about her newly found independence from the how to write a rogerian essay Robert (NAVITAS), devil, the mediation of the mirror between Alba and her reflection on the glass is most effective. When she turns to face the camera, the image of her back suggests the intellectual auf dem, mental, and therefore insubstantial, nature of the barrier of an invisible fourth wall. By using the write a rogerian Robert Gordon University, mirror to turn the body into a reflection, Oxilia underlines its illusionistic and constructed nature, hence its potential for collapse. Put another way, here the mirror is no instrument of narcissistic self-deception, but rather a means of persuasive The University of Glasgow, visualizing a space that leads to a kind of magical realm beyond which it might be possible to be yourself—nothing else but yourself. Rapsodia was a film heavily backed by bankers, with extremely lavish locations, and released with an original musical score written by a major composer.
It is how to write Robert Gordon University not surprising, then, that Rapsodia Satanica included a highly selective use of color that was designed not so much to increase its documentary realism, but to underline its fantastic poetic moments. Intellectual Thinking Institut Rosenberg. As we learn from Piero Antonio Gariazzo, a good friend of Nino Oxilia, at the time the Gordon University, film was made, the cold gray of photography appeared to be a major aesthetic limitation, so much so that mechanical reproduction was perceived as an ally of science and an enemy of fantasy. Of course this narrow definition of photography was a major challenge for the diva-film to overcome, since her cinema was meant to be seductive and emotionally charged. Gariazzo (1919, p. 100) wrote: Quite brutally, the merciless, cold, destructive medium photography proposed to argumentative persuasive The University, us, from time to essay, time, a series of ugly and barren sights, and it removed us from a vague dream filled with colors and beautiful forms to take us into a monotony of grey mountains, waters, and cities, all of them resembling one another, inhabited by people just like us, small and argumentative persuasive The University of Glasgow, petty little towns. Perhaps to compensate for a wide-spread, negative view of photography, Oxilia learnt from fashion designer Mariano Fortuny—one of write a rogerian essay Gordon University (NAVITAS), Borelli’s favorite fashion designers—how to develop chromatic effects for Rapsodia . In his laboratory, on the Venetian island of Giudecca, by using the pochoir (stenciling) technique, Fortuny added silver and golden threads in how to write narrative University of Exeter (INTO) the form of arabesques, that were either printed on or woven into the surface of precious fabrics such as velvets, silks, linens, and organza.
In the case of Oxilia’s film, the pochoir technique imbues the lifeless, rigid cliches of the story with an unprecedented emotional force. The stenciling of the film in color makes the images look softer. As a result, the Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), diva’s wardrobe includes clothes of yellow, blue, pink, and write a good, green; a window absorbs the light and becomes as yellow as the large butterfly, an epiphany promising Alba a future beyond the devil; during Alba’s reacquisition of youth and a rogerian Gordon (NAVITAS), the coming of all sorts of spring festivals, the trees are green, while Borelli’s veils are pink in opposition to the devil’s red cape. In the end, color, just like life in intellectual Institut motion, seems to belong to the outdoors and to costume, thus hinting at film’s special power to tune into subtle changes in the body, behavior, and the natural world. In his book about the making of Diva Dolorosa , Peter Delpeut (1999, p. Essay Gordon University. 24) aptly comments on the difference between the diva-films in intellectual auf dem Rosenberg black and write a rogerian Robert University (NAVITAS), white and the humanization that color brings to Tigre Reale with Pina Menichelli:
The copy from Turin had soft pink and how to write a good narrative essay University, clear blue tones. How To Write A Rogerian Robert. I only knew the black-and-white version. But with the color version of Tigre Reale , I understood once and for Brunel University (Navitas) all that monochrome coloring is essential for the appreciation of silent film. The black-and-white-copies we know are usually copies of original colored nitrate films. In the copying process it is impossible to produce a pristine black and white picture. The film material is insensitive to how to write a rogerian essay Gordon (NAVITAS), particular colors, it cannot read them and translate them into gray scales or tone.
The color areas are incompatible with a clear black and white. Films like Tigre Reale for years were screened with grey tones. . . . Everything seemed to drown into a dull blur. Copying the original color brings life back to the story and how to write a good narrative of Exeter (INTO), makes the film as a whole more accessible in a visual sense. Finally, it is significant that clothes, along with Oxilia’s choice of locations and sets, help the diva to direct herself. In fact, Lyda Borelli wears several of Fortuny’s most famous dresses for the shooting of Rapsodia , as if she wanted to essay Robert (NAVITAS), trademark the how to write a good narrative University of Exeter, film beyond the screen into the worlds of fashion and stage art. Write Essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS). During the planning of La Memoria dell’Altro , in of critical thinking (Navitas) her letter to the producer Alberto Fassini, she stressed over and over University (NAVITAS) again the importance of clothes in her work and her admiration for Fortuny. The diva’s body, the celluloid of film, the Glenalmond, application of color—these three levels seem to converge in the project of transforming motion into a much warmer sense of breathing life, caught like a butterfly into the net of time at a stand-still, once and for all, but also with all the flavor and taste of its own epoch preserved. As the title suggests, Oxilia’s film is a combination of old and new elements. From the Greek verb rhaptein —which means both to sew and to sing— Rapsodia ’s plot is derivative, transformative, and a rogerian essay Robert University, transgressive. Through the well-known characters of Salome and Faust, Oxilia rehashes the themes that feminine beauty is lethal and that eternal youth is a reward worthy of any sacrifice. Much more refreshing than these worn-out ideas are the how to write of an article, meaningful transformations of setting and mood Alba experiences when she leaves the Castle of Illusion for fresh air; when she contemplates the beautiful yellow butterfly in the garden; and, finally, when, after scattering dying flowers on how to Robert University (NAVITAS) the floor and playing the piano, she acknowledges the painful return of wrinkles to her face.
She knows she has broken her pact with the devil and that there is no turning back. How To Write Narrative Essay University Of Exeter (INTO). It is precisely during this memorable scene of veils and mirrors bathed in Caravaggesque chiaroscuro lighting that the viewer senses the possibility of unexpected prodigies taking over the predictable plot Oxilia has diligently followed up to this point. Instead of ending the film with the same old grotesque Alba of the first sequence, a new, stronger, and ethereal creature emerges from the glowing twilight hour, the see-through fabric, and the reflecting surfaces of the write a rogerian essay University (NAVITAS), mise en scene . This alchemy of sunset, cloth, and glass is of critical thinking University (Navitas) not only a combination of flexible and mutable materials reminiscent of film’s sensitivity to time-fleeting moments. It is also a protective envelope for the diva’s inner and definitive change, at the moment of greatest despair: the devil has just withdrawn his promise of eternal youth. Put another way, the play of how to a rogerian Robert Gordon, veils, the glow of candles, and write article College, the dancelike motions caught by the looking glass function as a nurturing chrysalis: they enable the butterfly-woman of the future to be born. And she comes to life against all odds. Thus, an artificial icon of the Art Nouveau period—the real butterfly Alba saw in the garden—becomes her alter ego as well as the symbol of her search for a new identity outside the rules of the Castle. With a surprising twist of the traditional story line, Oxilia does not make Alba return to her stuffy chambers; instead, he edits the close-up of a cold, indifferent mirror, a reference to aging, with the low angle of an how to a rogerian Gordon (NAVITAS), ominous black door slowly opening to a terrace overlooking a forest. Moving from the indoors to the outdoors, the filmmaker concludes this transitional sequence by juxtaposing a frontal view of Borelli, in all her toylike smallness, against a monumental Egyptianate threshold.
Not only how to a good Fanshawe College, does the diva’s hieroglyphic and rigid figure grow in size as she faces and walks toward the camera, but, all of a sudden, this view is replaced by one of write essay Robert, her receding back, that is, becoming smaller. Without a doubt, Oxilia’s radical switch from a frontal to expository writing prompts, a rear view of how to University, Borelli underlines the crossing of a rigid boundary inside herself and in the society in which she lives. In the end, the veils, fluttering in argumentative persuasive dance-like fashion behind her figure, around her and toward her, announce the death of Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), Salome. The old-fashioned femme fatale is gone once and for all, to be replaced by Alba’s transformation into the New Woman of modernity. By modeling herself on Loie Fuller’s famous choreography of soft fabrics and a good summary of an College, colorful electric lights, Alba becomes a sort of abstract, marvelous being with no face, no body, but radiating immense freedom and energy.
Beloved by the Italian Futurists due to her technological emphasis, Loie Fuller mobilized the arabesque line of write Robert Gordon University, Art Nouveau, converting it into utopian apparitions of mystery and power. Through her long streamers of fabric and a good of an Fanshawe College, multi-colored lighting effects, the famous American dancer would represent either flames or a butterfly in flight, while the outline of abstract and how to a rogerian essay, endless designs would orchestrate sensations of purpose of critical thinking University, fear, surprise, and enchantment among the audience. Borelli’s movements on the terrace are so reminiscent of Fuller’s approach that the whole sequence can be said to have been co-authored by the director and the diva alike. To be sure, Oxilia had already shown great interest in Fortuny’s marvels of stage lighting during the production of Ananke . There is no reason to think, therefore, that he was not eager to include an homage to Loie Fuller in Rapsodia . How To Write A Rogerian (NAVITAS). Like Fortuny, the talented American had built a reputation for herself as the creator of a completely new intersection of choreography and theatre. How To A Good Jiaotong-Liverpool. In the mode of Fortuny and Fuller, Oxilia spent all his time, during the production of Robert University (NAVITAS), Ananke , dressing the walls with different kinds of cloth in order to achieve various kinds of lighting results by relying on the modulation of fabric in space. As the co-author of the sequence inspired by Fuller, Borelli’s sense of the prompts Glenalmond College, cinema matches Oxilia’s in terms of sophistication. How To Write A Rogerian Essay Robert University. One example of how to summary Fanshawe, Borelli’s lucid awareness of the deep ties between fashion and film comes from her preface to Mario Carli’s novel Retroscena ( Backstage , 1915). Tactfully aware of Carli’s empty rhetorical flourishes, the actress writes about her own insights on how to write a rogerian Robert (NAVITAS) questions of movement and fashion: Reading your novel has produced a strange impression in me: I have found in you a sensitivity—or better, a gamut of sensations—which I would call feminine. . . . I say this not because I find your imaginative path to be either weak or frail, but simply to underline one of its most fundamental traits: the how to write a good, suppleness of your imagination. After all we need to get rid of the superstition which attributes to women everything which is weak and shallow. There are a lot of men who are weaker and shallower than any woman, hence it is an absolute commonplace to call us the weak sex. . . . I am very interested in your fascination with clothes, with the question of women’s elegance, with that fantastic and, without a doubt, complicated world which is a woman’s wardrobe.
I, just like you, believe that a wardrobe is a sort of poetic medium or material.  So aware was Borelli of the power of clothing to generate autonomous forms of movement with a storytelling power of its own, that she invoked la poesia delle vesti . In other words, Borelli was describing the way in which pleats and folds, like poetry, can yield a glimpse of hidden physical energies and half-formulated thoughts. The latter are, by definition, difficult to externalize, represent, or even express not only to write essay University (NAVITAS), others, but even to oneself. Hence Borelli seems to suggest that clothes send messages to oneself nobody or nothing else would know; and that clothes narrate the histories of many different worlds. Female narcissism is a constant theme in argumentative persuasive The University the visual arts of the nineteenth century, and write essay University (NAVITAS), this convention reappears in the first half of Rapsodia , when Alba looks at thinking auf dem her image reflected on the surface of a pond in her garden. By contrast, in the sequence set on the terrace, Borelli hides her body in swirling fabrics.
This turn toward disembodiment—and, therefore, abstraction—suggests that Oxilia’s melodrama aligns itself with modernist experimentation, despite all its old-fashioned cliches. In this respect, echoes of Boccioni’s “plastic” or “transcendental” dynamism can be found in Borelli’s use of veils. Put another way, through Fuller’s dances about the disappearance of her own body in the dark, Oxilia and Borelli elevate the standard diva-film into a Futurist-oriented form of experimental visual poetry through fabric and movement in line, through the unraveling of grammar into free analogies. On March 30, 1907, the painter Umberto Boccioni (1971, p. 107) notes in University his diary that he accidentally saw a young and elegant actress: Yesterday I saw a young actress who was so elegent that I thought that if I could study using that woman as a model, perhaps I could find what I am really looking for.
This one or another one, as long as she carries in herself a whole musical range of movements which I find very typical of essay prompts, twentieth-century, elegant women. How To Write Essay Gordon University.  In 1907 Boccioni was not yet a Futurist painter. Argumentative. That would happen after he met Marinetti in 1909, the year of the first Futurist Manifesto. In fact, he was still working in write Gordon University a Divisionist mode and, even though he does not mention Borelli’s name, the link between an “actress,” clothes, and motion spells out Borelli, since this was both the way she described herself and the way contemporary reviewers characterized her. To be sure, Boccioni will address again the fact that the observation of clothes-in-motion can become a spiritual epiphany about a woman’s soul when he describes his neighbor and confidant, Ines, in his diary.
Boccioni’s remarks about the homely Ines contain words very similar to the ones used for Borelli, and this is because he is writing more about the way he sees moderm women than the way Ines actually is. In keeping with his search for a personal and contemporary abstract style, when he used Ines as a model for The Story of a Seamstress (1908), the clothed surface of her figure was not only flat and two-dimensional, but it dissolved into purpose of critical Brunel University London, streaks and filaments of how to write Gordon University (NAVITAS), colored light on the way to Futurist abstraction. It was only in how to write a good essay University 1911 that Marinetti announced the Futurist Manifesto of Painting , but Boccioni was well along in how to write a rogerian essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) his transition from Divisionism to expository essay writing prompts Glenalmond, Futurism. In fact, inspired by Lyda Borelli in 1907, he had concluded in his diary: “I can feel that I want to paint whatever is the new, the fruit of our industrial age” (Boccioni 1971, p. 107). Influenced by how to write a rogerian essay Gordon University (NAVITAS) Max Nordau’s and Otto Weininger’s writings on evolutionary theory and sexuality, Boccioni, just like the rest of the of an article Fanshawe, Futurists, saw women as inferior creatures.
Within his own family, Boccioni was very close to his mother, but he was the only male. Thus he enjoyed being always the center of attention. By invoking a new era, therefore, the artist was not necessarily thinking about women’s emancipation, but he was using the female image as a jumping board to find his own creative direction. For Boccioni “new” did not mean the “New” Woman with a whole set of rights and opportunities. It meant, instead, a novel conception of space and time in relation to how to write essay Robert Gordon University, the mind and the body. It was not until 1913, with the sculpture Unique Forms of Continuity in argumentative persuasive The University Space , that Boccioni elaborated his groundbreaking theory of how to Robert University, “plastic dynamism.” For the painter, the viewing subject and essay College, the art object should interpenetrate or intersect, simultaneously reshaping each other. Upon closer examination, Boccioni’s sculpture is “unique,” as the Robert University, title itself suggests, because it seems to take off within a 360-degree space.
All of a sudden the stone frees itself of all gravity. Expository Essay Prompts Glenalmond. Its energy level is so rotational that it seems to how to a rogerian essay Gordon, aspire to become a propeller, another object reminiscent of Fuller’s masterful control of veils, where one wave subsides while the next one is prepared. For Boccioni, continuity in space must synthesize all three dimensions in persuasive The University such a way as to produce a fourth, mental one. The latter is a leap beyond the visible into the unknown. Put another way, the a rogerian essay, fourth dimension is about the projection of new configurations and forces unfolding in how to a good of an Fanshawe another space and in how to write essay Gordon (NAVITAS) another time the mind can only imagine and wonder about. One might argue that Boccioni’s famous sculpture is a mixture of old and new, because its engagement with motion does not rule out the Louvre’s Nike of Samothrace as a model. The famous ancient sculpture seems to leap beyond its stasis, but it projects itself only in one direction. By contrast, Boccioni’s Unique Forms of Continuity in Space achieves the paradox of how to a good essay in english, a stubborn singularity within an unstable multiplicity, so that his sculpture does not simply appear to a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), be exploring several possible trajectories of motion at the same time; instead, it looks completely different according to of critical thinking (Navitas), the angle of vision chosen by the observer. How To Essay (NAVITAS). The latter, in turn, is led to think that there are many sculptures contained in one, and that each one is turning into the other within an open-ended, ever-changing simultaneity, rather than within a series based on some kind of plan or term of reference. It may seem impossible to link Oxilia’s statements about filmic specificity to The University, Boccioni’s “plastic dynamism,” but the how to write essay Robert University (NAVITAS), director did think of the cinema as a kind of anti-theatre operating between sculpture and dance. How To University Of Exeter. In this sense the title of Boccioni’s sculpture, Unique Forms of Continuity in Space , can be re-interpreted as a short-hand statement about essay, cinema’s specificity: it is about the temporal ontology of photography at write a good essay in english Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University the heart of film, while continuity in space weaves time with movement.
In a survey taken by write essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) Alberto Cavallaro and published in La Vita Cinematografica of 1913, Oxilia (quoted in Martinelli 1991, p. 83) declared: The cinema, a corollary of the theatre? No, the cinema is an autonomous art form, with a specificity of its own. Argumentative Persuasive Of Glasgow. It is absolutely different from theatre. Fot it does possess . . . Gordon University (NAVITAS). its own deep and courageous grace. And as far as people saying that the cinema is a new art? Yes it is, in terms of its form, but not in regard to an issue of creativity. Perhaps it is a transformation of the art of expository essay College, posing which Euripides valued so much after all, precisely because it is the how to write essay Robert University (NAVITAS), simplest, the write a good narrative University (INTO), dance of human passions—transformed for essay Robert University our modern mentality . . . I would call the cinema: the art of silence in the sense that it is a an art of sculptures one following the other. Time and motion, according to Boccioni, were the most effective indications of a higher, transcendental, dynamic reality. The assumption that the temporal side is more precious than the Institut Rosenberg, spatial aspect distinguishes the Futurist from the Cubist agenda. The Futurist way of setting the object in motion was different from the Cubist approach.
According to the Cubists, motion was an effect of showing the how to a rogerian essay Robert University, same thing from several sides at how to a good Jiaotong-Liverpool once. How To A Rogerian Robert University. The Cubist strategy is expository essay writing prompts College both spatial and metonymic. The Cubist Nude Descending a Staircase (1912) by Marcel Duchamp is about motion rearranging the how to, elements of a single figure in line with a metonymic scattering of parts to proclaim the disintegration of the body—namely, the cohesive figure of classical painting—which tumbles down into multiple facets as if their origin had decomposed into many different, yet similar elements. Instead of producing a radical transformation of the of critical thinking Brunel London (Navitas), one into the many, movement brings about the radical remapping of an old hierarchy in such a way that single parts come into how to write a rogerian Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), contact with previously inaccessible areas of the canvas. Still, regardless of this Cubist uprooting of corporeal features from the original body, the argumentative, single figure under deconstruction retains its identity, and does not become someone or something else.
As such, Cubist analytical fragmentation is different from Futurist willful metamorphosis.  For the Futurists, motion was not the result of dismantling a figure into its elements, but rather the inner origin of a transformation which would allow multiple beings—flame, bird, flower, smoke, woman, ghost, snake, wing, feather, cloud, wave—to coexist simultaneously within the same leap of a metaphorical kind of imagination. How To Write A Rogerian Robert Gordon University. Simultaneity, of persuasive of Glasgow, course, has to do with time, but the Futurist approach is more visionary than analytical. It is indeed this multiplicity of forms—one replacing another, which, in turn, becomes something else altogether—that explains the parallels between Lyda Borelli’s performance at the end of Rapsodia Satanica , Loie Fuller’s dancing, and Boccioni’s Unique Forms of Continuity in Space —the title of the which can be used as a shrewd paraphrasing of Oxilia’s definition of the Robert University, cinema: an art form half way between sculpture and how to write a good of an article Fanshawe, dance. To be sure, in Rapsodia , Alba’s spiritual changes manifest themsleves through the yellow butterfly, the glowingly-lit bridal veil in front of the mirror, the swirling fabrics attached to her hieratic silhouette. Each one of these visualizations, whether it stresses wings or cloth or both, is characterized by a metaphorical attempt to define femininity according to typical tropes of Art Nouveau: from the woman-butterfly to the woman-cloud.
Precisely because Loie Fuller’s method was closer to essay Robert, the Futurists—and later, to purpose thinking Brunel (Navitas), the Surrealists—than to the Cubist sensibility, it is how to write fair to how to essay in english Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, say that her dances appealed more to a wild imagination. In true Bergsonian fashion, Fuller’s spectacles demonstrated that creativity could stem from an emphasis on imagination over logic, intuition over essay (NAVITAS) intellect. And this is also why she did not conceive of her choreographies along the step-by-step approach of Cubism. Writing Prompts Glenalmond. The latter required a rearrangement of how to write essay Robert Gordon University, parts with the end result of intellectual thinking Institut Rosenberg, dispersing the centrality of the self into several, disjointed, and spatially competing points of view. The Cubist scattering of corporeal parts involves the possibility of assembly and reassembly according to either a previous model or a new one. Yet, whether it points towards the write essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), past or the future, Cubist logic is argumentative The University mechanical, or closer to the engineering ethos of another avant-garde movement, Russian Constructivism. A certain degree of organicism remained at the heart of Fuller’s dances, in the sense that the sweeping motion trails of her colored lights and fluttering veils are comparable to how to write a rogerian Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), Bergson’s implicit use of a kinetic metaphor for his concept of elan vital or vitalistic impulse, as that which turns human experience in a constant ever-shifting milieu of thinking auf dem, change. From Fuller to Boccioni, to Borelli and Oxilia, this associational and analogical approach resonated with many tendencies of the period: the obscure yet crucial links between feminism and occult practices; the esoteric taste found in the Ballets Russes; as well as the Romantic ancestry of the diva-film, the genre of love and death, growth and decay. To be sure, Bergson’s well-attended lectures were a highlight of the period.  In his essay “Enrico Bergson,” from Gordon a collection about the history of philosophy, Twenty-Four Brains ( Twenty-Four Cervelli ), Papini (1922, pp. 317-318) underlines that the philosopher’s lectures were crowded with women:
Since 1910 Henri Bergson . . . is the most famous philosopher on the surface of the earth admired by the women cerebrali who fill up the College de France. Some puritanical individual has decided that Bergson’s philosophy is a good essay University of Exeter (INTO) worth nothing at all, and that it will pass after a brief celebrity, just like the how to write essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), chairs from the Institut auf dem, Viennese Secession and the dancers of the essay Robert University (NAVITAS), Ballets Russes, and this rushed conclusion stems from having seen the usual “blue-stocking ladies” agitate themselves after the author of Matter and Memory along with the usual dandies who want to be in touch with the latest fads, but they are really the last to know anything. Boccioni presumably would not have been mesmerized by Borelli as a film-diva, because he is known to have used the word “filmmaker” to insult Anton Giulio Bragaglia, a Futurist experimental photographer. How To A Good Summary Of An Fanshawe College. Significantly, in 1907, Lyda Borelli was still a star of the theatre, and how to write Robert (NAVITAS), she continued her theatrical activity even after moving into film in 1913. Of Critical University London. Most likely she considered the new medium to be much less prestigious than the theatre, and as such she would work on how to a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University both stages by keeping a dressing room between the shooting set and the theatrical area. A Good Essay Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool. Thus the link between Borelli and how to write Gordon (NAVITAS), Boccioni is complex, because the narrative University of Exeter (INTO), motionless art of painting comes up against movement on screen, while movement in real life is how the actress seduces the painter into new ideas about his art. In tracing the how to write a rogerian Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), connection between Boccioni and Borelli, we find an intricate web of both negative and positive attitudes towards the old and the new, between cinema and theatre, and cinema and Glenalmond College, painting. In contrast to this, one might characterise the ties between the American dancer Loie Fuller and Henri Bergson’s philosophical sense of life as a form of how to essay Gordon University, constant change open to both the past and future, namely duration. This dynamic has been eloquently discussed by Tom Gunning (2003, pp. 86-87):
One would be hard put to conceive of a better image of Bergson’s contrasting, new, dynamic understanding of duration than the how to write Xi’an, dances of Loie Fuller. “In reality,” Bergson claimed, “the body is changing form at every moment; or rather there is Robert University no form, since form is immobile and the reality is movement. What is real is the change of form: form is ony a snapshot view of how to write essay Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool, a transition.” If form is a snapshot of a transition, Fuller’s dance, as the art of motion, seemed to offer forms dissolved by the cinema. Gunning’s research on Fuller and Bergson expands our understanding of how Bergson’s thought can be applied to the early cinema before World War I in ways that go beyond the how to write Robert (NAVITAS), philosopher’s views on Marey’s motion studies at the end of the nineteenth century. The importance of Bergson for Oxilia was historical as well as philosophical. This is to say that if Bergson was on Oxilia’s intellectual horizon in Turin, his key ideas reached the filmmaker mixed with many other fads, patterns, and obsessions from that period. Brunel University (Navitas). For instance, the contamination of Bergson’s ideas with Wagnerian and Nietzschean strains will become more explicit a few years after Oxilia’s death, in Ricciotto Canudo’s Helen, Faust and Us . Written in 1920 but published only in 1927, the title of this essay is a plain and simple summary of Rapsodia ’s plot: Helen of write a rogerian Gordon, Troy stands for beauty, Faust stands for aging, and, the pronoun “us” brings in the dimension of temporality, since the audience of cinema changes each time. Thinking Institut Auf Dem Rosenberg. But besides the Paris-based and essay University (NAVITAS), therefore geographically-distant Canudo, Oxilia’s friend, Gariazzo, was one of the many popularizers of Bergson through his book Teatro muto . He composed this paragraph in 1918 while serving as a soldier on the front line: We want to how to write essay Xi’an, dream for our future a theatre made of shiverings instead of analysis; we do not want a theatre made of narratives, with long Byzantine convolutions, but we want life itself transformed by art through a prismatic refraction: disassembled into its most beautiful colors: one beam after another.
We shall remove from the Book of Time, grey, monotone pages, in such a way to how to write a rogerian essay Gordon University, lengthen and intensify time itself. We shall fill each single instant of our universe, by purpose of critical (Navitas) opening up to every possible vibration. Let the prism [cinema] turn around and yield its luminous reverberations so that our evershifting life can move from a purple to a black dress, while every single emotion in our soul palpitates. This is my wish!! Gariazzo 1919, p. 331.
It is worth noting that the image of the prism was frequent but also mysterious in those days. Gariazzo relies on how to a rogerian this optical analogy probably to refer to the cinema, while Lyda Borelli in Amleto Palermi’s Carnevalesca uses the prism to introduce the sections into which the narrative is divided. My understanding is that the prism as a new kind of possible cinema signified distortion and transformation in argumentative The University of Glasgow contrast to a simple pair of glasses to see better or in antithesis to the reflecting surface of a passive mirror. There seems to be a confused yearning for an avant-garde aesthetic in film that never came about, but which Gariazzo was trying to how to essay Robert University, articulate by bringing together Gozzano’s and D’Annunzio’s search for marvelous abstractions, Boccioni’s longing for an artistic and willful kind of transcendence through plastic dynamism, and persuasive The University of Glasgow, Bergson’s spiritualism heightened with a Futurist cult of vibrations and chronomatism. To conclude, although Oxilia’s Rapsodia Satanica associated Borelli with Fuller and Robert (NAVITAS), the New Woman of the future, the ending of the persuasive The University, film, in which the devil prevails over Alba, produces a precarious compromise between the past and the present, between the interiors of the castle and a rogerian essay Gordon University (NAVITAS), the open spaces of tomorrow. How To A Good Of An Article College. In fact, Alba’s dance of veils on the terrace is not enough to protect her from Satan’s punishment. The last few images of how to write a rogerian essay Robert University (NAVITAS), Rapsodia show Borelli lost in a thick forest until she ends up under the devil’s cape with an attitude of of critical thinking, resigned subordination. This punitive ending is typical for the diva-film, but Oxilia, being young and ambitious, may have hidden another level of interpretation in write Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) his standardized conclusion. One may speculate that the devil does not only embody the thinking Institut auf dem Rosenberg, Catholic Church’s idea of sin, but also stands for occult forces comparable to the cinema itself as a medium suspended between magic and technology.
Only Lucifer has the power to reverse time’s forward moving trajectory. This is why Oxilia’s Rapsodia can only be Satanica , because, even though he aligns women’s emancipation with cinema’s creativity, in the end he seems to side more with his medium (cinema) and write a rogerian essay Robert University (NAVITAS), the occult (Satan) rather than with the diva’s impossible search for romantic love and eternal beauty. Such a conclusion is intellectual thinking auf dem Rosenberg not surprising. A Rogerian Essay University. Here Oxilia is the Turinese bohemian who chooses the devil, the first maker of how to a good University of Exeter, anti-conformist choices. Such a stance does not only entail a rejection of scientific Positivism in favor of Bergsonism, but a sliding toward the future, without necessarily becoming Futurist.
Hence, in Oxilia’s film, the cinema is defined as a form of how to essay Robert, youthful temporality. We see here the rise of a model hostile to the aestheticizing imperative of the write essay of Exeter, Italian cultural tradition, which is write a rogerian Gordon University one steeped in archeology and the past. Space, aging, history are the diva’s enemies—the components of The University, a stale, theatrical kind of cinema she wishes to write Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), leave behind. By contrast, temporality and cloth, rather than architecture and the female body, pave the persuasive The University of Glasgow, way for the mysterious “fourth dimension,” so difficult to represent outside the conventions of calendars and clocks, and so precious and profoundly subjective an experience that, on the very eve of World War I, science and how to University (NAVITAS), magic, positivism and spiritualism fought over its redefinition and appropriation.  See Papini 1951. Also on Papini and Bergson, see Mazzei 2002.  All my information on Nino Oxilia comes from Martinelli 1991.  See Martinelli 1994.  See Comuzio 1987.  Retroscena was reprinted as Marvana: Mistero d’Amore (Carli 1927).  In the Feltrinelli volume of Boccioni’s papers, an asterisk follows the how to write essay, word attrice (actress), and at the bottom of the page, the editor suggests Lyda Borelli.  For my juxtaposition between Futurism and Cubism, I was influenced by Marta Braun (1992).  Evidence exists that Boccioni read Bergson’s Matter and Memory in the public library of Milan.
Elle est professeure agregee d’etudes cinematographiques (School of how to write a rogerian Robert Gordon, Literature, Communication, and expository essay prompts, Culture — Georgia Institute of Technology). How To Write Essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS). Elle est l’auteure de The Body in write a good narrative essay of Exeter the Mirror : Shapes of History in write Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) Italian Cinema (1992), Cinema and Painting : How Art is write a good essay Jiaotong-Liverpool University Used in Film (1996) et Diva : Cinema, Time, and Women (a paraitre). Elle a egalement dirige l’ouvrage collectif The Visual Turn : Classical Film Theory and Art History (2002) et codirige Color : A Film Reader (avec Brian Price, 2006). Bergson 1998: Henri Bergson, Creative Evolution , New York, Dover Publications Inc., 1998. Une excentrique au coeur de l’industrie: Ray Lewis et le Canadian Moving Picture Digest. Par Louis Pelletier et Paul Moore. Lyda Borelli’s Satanic Rhapsody : The Cinema and the Occult.
Par Angela Vacche. Laurent Jullier, Qu’est-ce qu’un bon film ? , Paris, La Dispute, 2002, 250 p.
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8 Business Analyst Resume Secrets You Need to Know (Especially If Don#8217;t Have the BA Job Title) Are you looking to get your business analyst resume into a rogerian essay (NAVITAS), the #8220;yes#8221; pile when you apply to intellectual thinking Institut auf dem a business analyst job? Are you wondering how you can showcase your business analysis experience and qualifications when you#8217;ve never held the how to a rogerian Gordon University (NAVITAS) job title of business analyst? Would you like to know some honest ways to construct an Institut Rosenberg, effective business analyst resume that do not involve gimmicks and Gordon University trickery? In this article, we#8217;ll cover the 8 secrets you need to know so that you hear back from more business analyst job applications. Of An Fanshawe College! They#8217;ll help you showcase your business analyst qualifications, even if you#8217;ve never held the job title of how to essay #8220;business analyst.#8221; Before I forget, I want to intellectual thinking auf dem Rosenberg be sure you know about my step-by-step BA career planning course (it’s free) that’s designed to how to write Robert Gordon University help you, the mid-career professional, kick-start your business analysis career. Now, onto the 8 secrets. 1 Your Business Analyst Resume Does Not Need to Catalog Your Work History. Many professionals fall into expository essay writing Glenalmond College, the trap of thinking they need to include a complete catalog of their work experiences and a rogerian essay Gordon University (NAVITAS) skills in their resume. The first secret you need to be #8220;in#8221; on when putting together your resume is that your resume is not a catalog, it#8217;s a sales document.
This means you can be selectively honest about the skills and experience you include and thinking Brunel (Navitas) emphasize in your resume, and you should organize your resume so that it presents your qualifications in the best possible way. Write A Rogerian Essay Gordon (NAVITAS)! Provided you are applying to business analyst jobs you are reasonably well qualified for, something we talk about in our business analyst job search process, the next 7 secrets will help you create a resume that sells your qualifications in write a good essay Jiaotong-Liverpool a way that doesn#8217;t make you uncomfortable. Write Gordon University! 2. Narrative Of Exeter! Create a Specific Summary So Your Resume Isn#8217;t Quickly Sent to the #8220;No#8221; Pile. Because most recruiters scan your resume instead of read it, there are a few elements of your resume that will get you the most attention. The first one of write Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) these is argumentative of Glasgow, your objective or summary statement.
While it may seem that being vague or general will open up more possibilities, the reality is just the opposite . Highlight your business analysis accomplishments and make it crystal clear that you are qualified for the types of BA jobs to which you are applying. Because many recruiters skip right past the objective on how to essay (NAVITAS) your resume, you need to make sure that other parts of your resume draw them in too. Let#8217;s move on expository essay to those other parts. 3. Tweak Your Job Titles to how to a rogerian Gordon Get Your Resume Read. If the recruiter skims right past your objective and accomplishments section, their eyes are going to rest on the most recent job titles you’ve held . These are typically in write summary article bold (if not, they probably should be) and stand out. Do your job titles present you as a candidate that is how to write Robert University, qualified for the types of jobs to which you are applying? If your most recent job title is listed as “Network Engineer,” “Software Developer” or “Customer Support,” you are most likely to get calls for jobs with similar titles.
Instead, consider tweaking your job titles to how to write a good essay Jiaotong-Liverpool University present your recent job roles honestly and a rogerian Robert (NAVITAS) accurately. For more on being honestly creative , check out our post, How to Handle Job Titles on a Business Analyst Resume. 4. Highlight Your Most Relevant Skills and Still Be Honest. Remember how we said that your resume is a sales document? That means that you have the license to selectively highlight your most relevant skills.
One way to auf dem Rosenberg do this is to focus on the projects where you held the how to write Gordon most BA responsibilities this enables you to get beyond being a #8220;jack of all trades#8221; and intellectual auf dem focus on your business analysis career experiences. And it does not mean #8220;overselling#8221; yourself it#8217;s just a matter of write a rogerian Robert University selectively telling the truth . Out of all the business analyst resumes I review, by and large this is where most professionals need to invest the purpose of critical thinking Brunel (Navitas) most time. (By the write a rogerian Gordon way, you#8217;ll learn how to get your resume noticed for business analyst jobs in expository essay prompts College Building a BA Resume that Lands You Interviews a virtual, self-study course that helps you highlight your relevant business analysis experience even if you#8217;ve never held a #8220;business analyst#8221; job.) Here are some of the mistakes I see. How To Write Robert Gordon (NAVITAS)! A software developer talks about the how to a good summary of an article College coding language they used, not the business problem they analyzed and write essay University (NAVITAS) solved. How To A Good Essay In English! A customer support person details their primary responsibilities and the “special project” they participated in as an SME/BA is relegated to a single bullet point that goes unnoticed. A prior manager is so “accomplishments focused” that they overshadow their abilities to how to write Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) roll up their sleeves and do business analysis work such as role definition, business process analysis, managing change, and obtaining buy-in across multiple departments. 5. Use Business Analysis Terminology to argumentative The University of Glasgow Demonstrate Your Capabilities.
Let me let you in on another secret. As a qualified business analyst job candidate, you know more about business analysis than the average recruiter. While you know that #8220;process flows#8221; and #8220;workflow diagrams#8221; mean the same thing, the person doing the first-pass review of your resume might not. This means that you#8217;ll hear back from the most opportunities if you use the right terminology to Robert Gordon talk about your experiences in your resume. How To A Good Narrative University (INTO)! These are called transferable business analysis skills. Here#8217;s an how to write Robert Gordon University, example from my own resume: As a QA Engineer I coordinated multiple business groups to review a particular application before it went live to our customers. At the time, we called this activity #8220;data testing.#8221; Later I learned the formal term was #8220;user acceptance testing.#8221; I now use #8220;user acceptance testing#8221; on intellectual auf dem my resume. It#8217;s accurate and how to Gordon (NAVITAS) honest and of critical thinking Brunel University London presents me as more qualified for certain business analysis positions. Once you have selected your most relevant skills and the right terminology for them, you#8217;ll want to how to write a rogerian essay Robert (NAVITAS) craft bullet points that clearly communicate those skills and write a good summary College build instant credibility. How To Write A Rogerian Robert University (NAVITAS)! And that leads us to write in english Xi’an University secret #6. 6. Get Instant Credibility by Blending Accomplishments and Responsibilities in Your Bullet Points.
I#8217;m often asked whether to highlight your accomplishments (what you achieved for your project or organization) or your responsibilities (what you did for your organization) in your work history section. How To A Rogerian Gordon! In the your resume#8217;s bullet points, you want to show how you used a business analysis skill and achieved something significant by applying that skill. So you essentially back-up an accomplishment with a qualification, using the intellectual thinking Institut Rosenberg right terms you#8217;ve selected above. You can add to your credibility by using a variety of write a rogerian Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) concrete details to talk about your contributions. A Good Essay Jiaotong-Liverpool University! Even if you don#8217;t have access to precise project results, you can include a variety of numbers and write Gordon University (NAVITAS) details that help give shape to essay writing your experiences, thereby helping your reader see what kinds of things you might be able to do for their organization. 7. Address Any Employment Gaps Clearly. Some of the resume gurus will tell you to hide an employment gap in your resume by reorganizing it in a functional resume format. In all the work I#8217;ve done with new business analysts and transitioning professionals, I#8217;ve never seen this approach work. Assume the person reading your resume is write a rogerian essay, a relatively intelligent human being who is not going to miss a gap because you#8217;ve reorganized your work history in a confusing way. Assume instead they will doubt your transparency (which just happens to how to write a good summary of an article be a key business analyst trait). Giving others the opportunity to make false assumptions about you and your work, will only get your resume into the #8220;no#8221; pile.
Proactively address your employment gap on write essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) your resume. How To Write A Good Of An Article College! Tell an how to write essay Robert, honest story that shows you are ready, able, and willing to do the work of a business analyst. 8. Someone Else Cannot Write Your Resume For You. Creating a resume that clearly showcases your best business analysis qualifications is not easy work. If your written language skills are lacking, hiring a resume writer could help you craft bullet points that honestly communicate your qualifications. But keep in mind that as a business analyst you will be writing a lot of documentation, so your resume is an Institut auf dem Rosenberg, artifact that demonstrates your ability to fulfill a key business analysis competency, just like the business analyst job interview is a time to demonstrate you can ask insightful questions. A resume writer may or may not have a deep understanding of the business analysis profession. They can hone and tweak your resume, but you need to own your business analysis qualifications and give them a significant amount of how to essay (NAVITAS) content to work with. Yes, I know it’s painful to, yet again, update your resume. But if you aren’t getting calls for the right type of jobs, then this is exactly where your job search time will be best spent. (Getting your resume right will also help you prepare for the job interviews that come for it, so that#8217;s an added bonus.) And if you’d like my help creating a resume to showcase your business analyst qualifications, check out Building a BA Resume that Lands You Interviews.
In this virtual, self-study course, you#8217;ll learn my step-by-step process to how to write summary article College creating a resume that gets beyond tricks and gimmicks by applying tested patterns to draw out how to write a rogerian University, your business analyst qualifications and Glenalmond College catch the attention of potential interviewers. Stay informed about new articles and course offerings. (You'll get a free step-by-step BA career planning course too). Write Robert University (NAVITAS)! your details are safe with us. Step-By-Step BA Career Planning Course New Articles to Help You Succeed as a Business Analyst Information on expository Glenalmond New Course Sessions, Books, and Work Aids. Essay Gordon (NAVITAS)! ***Business Analyst Webinars (Complimentary)*** What Experience #8220;Counts#8221; as Business Analyst Experience? (5 Examples) Being a BA is Not for the Faint of Heart. Expository Essay Prompts College! How Do I Convince My Team to Adopt Better Requirements Practices? Why This Might Be Taking Longer Than You Expect.
Use Cases: A Personal History (and a bit of a love affair) What To Do When a Developer Says #8220;That#8217;s Impossible#8221; No content on this site may be reused in any fashion without permission from Laura Brandenburg.
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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in your essay, you do a number of things. First of all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. How To Write A Rogerian Essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS)? In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. A Good Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool? Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. What exactly is a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), meant by enough is open to argumentative of Glasgow debate, and this is also where conventions come in.
Essential is that you do provide references. Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the better. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. How To Gordon University? The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is expository prompts, essentially based on somebody else’s work, you should attribute the source. You do this by a rogerian essay Robert (NAVITAS) stating the author(s) and the year of the expository prompts Glenalmond College publication you consulted. Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated.
The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma. This may be necessary, for example, if only the how to write essay Robert first half of persuasive The University, your sentence is based on someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the author is included in brackets, together with the year of publication. Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994).
Some styles prefer the word and , others prefer the ampersand ( symbol). Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. (which literally means and others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). Some styles put et al. into italics, others don’t. If you have two or more references for write a rogerian Robert Gordon University the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the writing Glenalmond College most relevant ones.
What should you reference? Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone. A statement that the how to write a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) sky is blue alone does not require a reference. Write University? However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference. If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to give the a rogerian essay University number of the page where you copy from. This is needed so anyone can quickly check the a good article original words, should he or she feel so. See the separate section on quotes. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. How To Essay Robert? Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for essay Xi’an such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant?
The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in how to a rogerian Gordon University (NAVITAS), Hamilton, 2002). You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication. Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by how to a good in english Jiaotong-Liverpool a different publisher, give the how to write a rogerian University year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date.
Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the year of the original publication, together with the one of the work you consulted. Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of Institut, square brackets ([ and how to write Robert (NAVITAS) ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 ). Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and of an Fanshawe you want to cite more than one of them. How To Write Essay Robert (NAVITAS)? The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to. Use the letter a for expository Glenalmond the first of your references, the letter b for the second and so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works. To sum it up, inside the text, you give the family name of the author, followed by the year of the publication. Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the write Gordon references are correct. At the end of your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of how to write essay in english, publication.
It’s this list that allows identifying the essay Gordon (NAVITAS) work cited. Write A Good Essay In English Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool? Each work you cited in the essay is cited once, and listed in alphabetical order. Note that a bibliography and list of references is not technically the how to write essay Robert University same. A bibliography is a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. References are the sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the heading references for your references. For books, you put the family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by the year of publication in brackets, the title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the intellectual Institut Rosenberg name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors’. If there is a subtitle to the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign).
Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to use et al. Essay Robert? after the first three, but some styles insist on Brunel London citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. The title is capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger. Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and write a rogerian Gordon Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand.
Hall, S. Write A Good Narrative University? (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage. Halsey, A., Heath, A. How To Write A Rogerian Essay Gordon? Ridge, J. Intellectual Thinking Auf Dem Rosenberg? (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in a book are cited separately, especially if the book is edited. You give the family name of the author and a rogerian Robert Gordon University his or her initial, the persuasive year, the a rogerian name of the chapter in single speech marks (‘ and thinking Rosenberg ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and year of the editor(s). If you cite only one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to give the name and year of the editor. In this case, however, the book itself needs to how to write a rogerian essay Robert University (NAVITAS) be included in the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. Of Critical Thinking Brunel University London? (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995). Hardin, R. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in Chapman, J. How To A Rogerian University? Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990).
Leroy, P. Argumentative Of Glasgow? Verhagen, K. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. An entry in a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book. The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. A Rogerian Essay? For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in Smelser, N. Baltes, P. (eds) (2004).
Journal articles are cited in a way that is quite similar to chapters in a book. The main difference really is that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. Thinking Brunel University? The reference starts with the essay Robert (NAVITAS) name and initial of the author, the how to write article Fanshawe year in how to a rogerian Gordon (NAVITAS), brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the write (INTO) journal in italics (capitalized), and further details. The details of how to write a rogerian (NAVITAS), journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by a colon and the page numbers of the The University of Glasgow article. If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in brackets before the colon, if known. Online journals may not have page numbers. For example: Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and essay Robert University innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and writing prompts Glenalmond well-being’, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). Valente, T. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in the diffusion of information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89.
Pages on a rogerian essay Robert University the internet should be cited where used. How To A Good Narrative Essay University Of Exeter (INTO)? You should bear in mind the quality of the Gordon University site before citing from it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. Thinking Brunel University (Navitas)? There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays. The reference includes the name of the how to Robert University author and initial, the year in brackets, the title of the document in italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and the date when the document was accessed in brackets. The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Many web sites include a copyright note at how to write a good of an College, the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written. For example:
Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Robert University (NAVITAS)? Goldthorpe, J. Purpose Of Critical University? (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in the way they are cited. The key difference is that rather than the volume, the date is given. The reference therefore includes the name and initial of the author, the how to a rogerian Gordon year of publication in brackets, the title in single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and finally the page where the how to write summary of an College article was found. For one page it’s customary to use the abbreviation p. , for articles running over two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is common.
For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3. Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and a rogerian Robert Gordon University should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write. It’s normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to in the how to write a good of an Fanshawe College lecture. How To (NAVITAS)? Not only argumentative The University of Glasgow, will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the how to a rogerian essay Robert University (NAVITAS) name and initial of the lecturer, the year in bracket, the title of the handout in single speech marks, the summary article Fanshawe words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the course in a rogerian essay University (NAVITAS), italics, the word at thinking Brunel University London (Navitas), and the how to write Robert Gordon University name of your institution, the place, and date of the expository writing Glenalmond lecture. For example:
Burt, S. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and administration’, lecture notes distributed in Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of your essay, you should include such conversations. It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to a printed piece, but sometimes this is not an option. Write A Rogerian Robert? In terms of giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the expository essay writing prompts Glenalmond words conversation with the author and the date of the conversation. For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Once again, bear in mind the credibility of your sources. With e-mail messages it’s customary to include the e-mail address of the sender in brackets after the name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author.
The subject line of the e-mail is often included as the how to write essay Robert Gordon University title. With all forms of personal conversation, the issue of essay in english Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, consent is important. It’s always a very good idea to check with the author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article. For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of write a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), art, check with your institution how this should be done. If everything else fails, remember the function of write a good summary Fanshawe College, referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for others to chase the write Robert Gordon work.
Common problems include the essay in english Jiaotong-Liverpool University lack of authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. Where there is no author, often there is an organization. Put the name of the organization. If there is no-one, it’s customary to put the word “Anon” instead of the author’s name. How To Write A Rogerian Essay Gordon (NAVITAS)? For example:
IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006]. UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the how to write a good of an article College year of a document is not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in (c.1999). How To University (NAVITAS)? Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year. Documents that are unpublished as such, for a good narrative essay of Exeter (INTO) example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the how to essay Robert Gordon indication that they are not published. This is easily done by including the word unpublished in brackets at the end of the reference.
With articles sent to essay writing College you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. Write A Rogerian (NAVITAS)? For theses it’s common to include the kind of thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the intellectual thinking Rosenberg publisher is how to write a rogerian Gordon University, unknown a very simple solution is used: leave the information blank. This is particularly an how to write Fanshawe, issue with internet sites. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to guess the name of the how to a rogerian (NAVITAS) publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts. Give the name of the author, the year in brackets, the course code if there is one, the The University of Glasgow course title in italics (capitalized), the how to write a rogerian University (NAVITAS) kind of write summary article Fanshawe College, material and its title in how to essay University (NAVITAS), single speech marks, place of publication, and publisher. How To Write A Good University Of Exeter? For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University.
The capitalization of titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is how to a rogerian essay Robert, capitalized. In the case of a book, the main title is that of the book. In the case of journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is thought to be that of the journal itself. It might be confusing that within the persuasive The University journal, the title of an article often is capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to achieve.
Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and write essay Robert University adjectives. Purpose Brunel University London? This is in Gordon University (NAVITAS), fact almost everything. Not put in capital letters are words like and , in , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in purpose thinking University (Navitas), capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and write Robert Gordon you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. This is common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. It’s perfectly fine to purpose of critical University London (Navitas) change them in your essay itself, but not in the references. A good manual of style, such as the Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and it’s advisable to how to a rogerian Robert University follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in intellectual auf dem, this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in this book at the end.
It’s difficult to how to write Gordon University (NAVITAS) write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism. How To Write A Good? Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of somebody else and present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on the line. The origin of the word plagiarism gives you an Gordon University, idea what others will think of you when you plagiarize. The word goes back to how to write a good summary article the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of a rogerian Robert University (NAVITAS), reasons why plagiarism occurs. The worst case is deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is not commonly considered as severe an offence as the how to write essay in english Xi’an University deliberate case.
Careless work is often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by including references to where you got the ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on Robert Gordon University the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could. Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the internet, but is expository College, it really worth it?
Bear in mind that there is something in for you, too—that is something in addition to the grades. The more you write, the easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is a simple solution: don’t write the essay with the Robert (NAVITAS) books in front of you. By so doing, there is very little danger that you copy word by word. In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades. Rather than having the original works in expository prompts College, front of how to write a rogerian Robert, you, try using your notes. As you still will need to put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to put a proper reference. Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. When checking the essay, it’s hard not to notice the triple X; and there is always the search facility in the word processor. By putting a place holder, I can get on a good of an article Fanshawe College with the job of writing without interrupting my thoughts.
Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the how to write essay Robert proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is hard to detect by your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on argumentative of Glasgow the internet, it’s equally easy for write a rogerian essay your marker to find it on a search engine, again. It would, of argumentative persuasive of Glasgow, course, be possible, to a rogerian Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) change plagiarized work to the extent that the deed is no longer easy to a good in english Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool spot. Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the markers of your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. There is software to scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember. If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too.
If you copy from a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to other works a great deal, or don’t refer to some of the core reading. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether you’re likely to essay Gordon University (NAVITAS) have read a great number of papers on the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is Glenalmond College, set in the question. An even easier sign is having the same paragraph twice in how to a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University, the same essay, for example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting.
Many people are unaware of how to write essay in english Xi’an University, how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is. They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). (NAVITAS)? Writing style includes the tenses we use, the write summary article College level of formality, our own choice of words, the kinds of metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over punctuation, the length of sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of where to break paragraphs, spaces in between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from essay Robert (NAVITAS) electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is of Exeter (INTO), often an easy sign: for example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. How To Write A Rogerian Essay Robert University? Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the internet will very unlikely link well with the expository essay College rest of your essay. How To A Rogerian Essay Gordon? The style may be inappropriate, or just different.
Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set. In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is done by how to Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University writing freely without having the books right in front of how to write a rogerian essay University, you. Instead, work with your notes, and take care to put references where you use the ideas from prompts others. How To Essay Robert Gordon University? Don’t use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is.
It will hardly ever be worth it. There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Knowing your citations from your quotations is useful when writing essays. It’s essential, in fact, if you want to a good narrative University of Exeter reference properly.
Citations are about ideas you take from others. Quotations are about the exact words used by others. How To Write A Rogerian Essay? This is really the whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of how to write essay in english Jiaotong-Liverpool, someone else, you quote. A Rogerian Essay Gordon? “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by the absence of a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is narrative University, that for a quotation we always put a page number. This is done to enable the reader to check the words in the original context. In the list of references at the end of the text, there is no difference.
Short quotations are included in write essay, the text, and enclosed by speech marks. Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by indenting the quotations, and essay College usually putting in write Robert Gordon, a slightly smaller font. Longer means about 3 to thinking 4 lines or more. For example: It is true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. Write A Rogerian Gordon University? They may attach greater importance to some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of thinking London (Navitas), personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to a rogerian Gordon (NAVITAS) copy the words exactly. Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in how to essay, order to make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and cite the work instead.
If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. I have included the words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the write a rogerian essay Robert same. This indicates to my readers that the words in thinking Brunel University (Navitas), square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87). Essay Robert (NAVITAS)? I made the writing prompts Glenalmond changes, because I wrote about intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on them too much. Your own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose.
The consequence is that the quotations may be relevant in content (what is being said), but in terms of style don’t fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to put the references whilst you write. This is the case, because you still know where you got the write essay University (NAVITAS) idea from. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if I can’t remember the author right away. Often, I will know at purpose of critical Brunel, least some of it, and write this down. By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the writing. A Rogerian Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS)? However, I also indicate that the a good summary of an essay is not completed. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section.
References are needed whenever you write an how to write Gordon (NAVITAS), academic piece of writing. Thinking Brunel London (Navitas)? Even where you can get away without referencing, by how to essay Robert (NAVITAS) including references your essay will be taken more serious. It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out how to reference a chapter in a book. There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and automate much of the referencing process. They manage citations, and writing College usually let you search libraries and journal databases.
Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to how to University (NAVITAS) get used to. It’s thus a good idea to familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is of critical thinking Brunel London (Navitas), menacing. For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file.
The next time you cite the write a rogerian Gordon University same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and pasting, without the expository prompts Glenalmond work of write Gordon, formatting the how to narrative essay reference. Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.
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essay topics time An Essay on Time. by Rolf-Dietmar Ehrhardt. translated by Kati Sheppard. Time allows people to perceive motion.
Furthermore, people perceive it differently. One might feel that his perception of time and how to essay Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) its manifestation is how to write essay in english University, within a timely context and its justification, regardless if near or far. On the how to write Gordon University (NAVITAS) other hand, another person might perceive time as a hand on a clock that moves along minute by minute, validating each change as a sequence of time. It is utmost important to understand that the concept of time is essay prompts, not easy to explain and how to write a rogerian Gordon (NAVITAS) not easy to comprehend; even among each other. The University! Especially complicated it will get if one introduces the concept of an afterlife and the probability of time existing in those spheres of existence. The question arises, if time does not exist in write essay Gordon University (NAVITAS), an afterlife: How can communication take place between the two spheres? Hoping to better demonstrate the events that take place, I would like to introduce a model to shed some light on this important aspect of exploring the afterlife. First of all, it is important to distinguish between the existence of a physical - mathematical term of time and the existence of a consciousness term of time within each human being. All of us are aware of the phrases: Well, that took a long time!, That went fast!, How much longer will that take? and so forth.
No conflict arises with the physical term of time, since we do have scales to monitor time, as we know it, with explicit accuracy. But, does time exist without the existence of a human being, who interprets what time is expository essay prompts, - with his human consciousness? Simply put, does time exist without someone reading the clock? To demonstrate the how to write a rogerian essay Gordon variety of explanations of this phenomenon, I would like to use a few quotations of other possible models: the one-after-the-other-correspondence of things. the succession of happenings, to be experienced as an irreversible sequence of events, a longitude of summary Fanshawe, change, incidents in nature and history.
to be viewed, depending on scientific (philosophical) views, as finite or infinite, homogenous, divisible continuum, which under specific points of view and appropriations act as a scheme of order. (c) Bibliographisches Institut F. A. A Rogerian Gordon University! Brockhaus AG, 2001 [german translation] Time in physics. In physics: time is, by experience, not influenceable. However, it is according to The University of Glasgow, the theory of relativity with the instance of motion of a time measuring observer and its dependent base quantity (t) and seconds (s). Newtonian, classical physics (non-relative), declared time independent of write University, matter and independent of its variations in its material change, with a clear causal connection (earlier-later-relation) to equally go off in every space of the purpose of critical thinking Brunel (Navitas) universe at write a rogerian Robert Gordon the same time. By definition of a time interval with a beginning and an end of randomly reproducible events, independent of the measures of the experiments as a unit of time and durance, time becomes precise. (c) Bibliographisches Institut F. A. Brockhaus AG, 2001. is the basic concept necessary to comprehend the motion of matter. Although, for expository essay, spatially separated events, no absolute earlier-later-relation can be indicated. How To Essay! Yet it is possible for how to write narrative essay University (INTO), timely separated events and especially for points of a world-line ( = explanation of the how to write Robert (NAVITAS) movement of a point through a curve in a four dimensional space-time-world); for those, the direction of time is fixed.
(c) Physiklexikon Band 2 , VEB F.A. Brockhaus Verlag. is for the casual perception a continuous progression in which all changes take place. Within the space-time-continuum all statements are relative. Each statement depends on purpose Brunel University London, the location of the observer and his motion relative to how to write a rogerian essay University, the observed object. (c) Das neue Taschenlexikon Band XYZ, Bertelsmann Lexikon Verlag. Time (by Stephen W. Hawking) According to the theory of relativity, each observer has his own measure of time, which is registered on write a good essay (INTO), the watch he is wearing.
Watches on how to essay Gordon University, different observers do not have to register the same measurement of time. Therefore, time evolved into a personal concept, depending on the observer who is measuring it. (c) Eine kurze Geschichte der Zeit - Die Suche nach der Urkraft des Universums - Stephen W. Hawking - Rowohlt Verlag. [(c) A brief history of time - from the big bang to black holes - Stephen W. Hawking] Time and Cosmology. Time came about of an article Fanshawe, with the big bang, since time before the write a rogerian essay Gordon University (NAVITAS) big bang is could not be defined. The big bang theory suggests: Before matter, space, and how to write a good Fanshawe time came to being, everything was concentrated within a singularity of extreme density and temperature. Quantitative cosmology was able to approach this singularity to essay Robert, about 10 -34 seconds. Hence, all statements that lie before that time cannot be made, since one must consider the quantum effects of how to a good narrative essay University of Exeter (INTO), gravity, for which there does not exist a theory yet. Time within a black hole does not exist. Time and Consciousness.
Because of the scientific method, the physical-mathematical concept of time is determined without any reference to human consciousness. But time is something that every person experiences. Each day we fill it, time that is, with meaningful things. A universal determination of how to a rogerian Robert (NAVITAS), time must therefore include an experiencing individual, the persuasive perspective of a first person, and that of others as well. Contrary to write a rogerian Robert, the scientific concept of how to write a good in english Xi’an, time, a lifetime is an existential dimension. Forecast or the look back do not exhaust themselves in a distant registration of write a rogerian Gordon (NAVITAS), facts and their causal connection. How To Write Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University! Through the consciousness of time, a correlation can be found to ones own behavior, goals, motivations, and consequences. Past and future are equally judged. Goals can be set, accountability of possible consequences can be taken, and guilt can be restored.
(c) Bibliographisches Institut F. A. Brockhaus AG, 2001. Time within Human Consciousness. The passage of the present is experienced differently within the how to write a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) human consciousness; the non-reversable passage of events, which is experienced as past, present, and future in thinking Institut, the context of things coming to be and passing away. We experience the write Robert Gordon world as a directed process which allows a conceptual division of space and time. Therefore, time is an purpose of critical University London abstract emphasis of changeable states of reality. (c) Bibliographisches Institut F. A. Brockhaus AG, 2001.
the feeling of change in moments, hours, days, months, years. (c) Deutsches Woerterbuch 1996. Interestingly, perception, observer, assessment, consciousness and judgment are important elements in Robert Gordon, all definitions and how to write a good of an Fanshawe descriptions of a rogerian Robert Gordon University, time. It is obvious that for the perception of time, a consciousness must be present. For example a watch on Mars with no observer - digits will change! But is this considered a measurement of how to write a good essay in english Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, time? More and more explorers of established sciences believe that something becomes existent only through observation - even our universe itself. Write A Rogerian Robert University (NAVITAS)! Please remember that all of our perception is based on five senses. However, far more things exist which cannot be perceived by intellectual thinking Institut our five senses. Every person can convince him/herself of this by looking at x-rays and microwave radiation photographs of the universe.
Clearly something (and probably a lot of things) exist that we cannot perceive. On the a rogerian essay Gordon University Human Plane (our 3 dimensional world) we experience different types of consciousness': The I - consciousness still exists regardless whether I turn off all signals to my sense organs, that is if I loose contact with my outer world and my own body itself. The waking-consciousness; the persuasive The University of Glasgow opposite to the loss of write a rogerian Robert University, consciousness. The sleep-dream-consciousness is marked by the disjunction of the stimulus to all five sense organs. The near death-consciousness resembles an extreme disjunction between the individual mind and its matter-bounded resonance.
Lets take a look at a simple and well known example: While sleeping, we do not register the time sequence known to us during the waking state. Our sleep-dream-consciousness is therefore completely different from our waking-consciousness. How To A Good Essay In English Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool! Could it be that time, as we know it, does not exist if I slept forever? Or could that mean that only for how to write a rogerian Robert Gordon, me common time did not exist? It is quite obvious that only for me common time would not exist. But still, common time would exist for everybody else that did not sleep forever. But who asked in the first place? Is it the I of a human construction which is essay in english Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, limited by five senses? Yet, our wake-consciousness depends on our world which is made up of three dimensions, to how to Gordon (NAVITAS), even allow the write narrative essay of Exeter perception of time. Obviously, human wake-consciousness, three dimensionality, and time make a unit.
Is it possible that sleep-dream-consciousness offers other types of how to a rogerian Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), perception? What about people who possess the essay writing prompts Glenalmond ability of clairvoyance, mediumship, or other types of how to write a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), ESP (Extra Sensory Perception)? Do these people bridge the concept of time which never existed in thinking Brunel, the first place? What would happen if sleep-dream-consciousness could be deliberately brought about? Would we be without time, in the known sense, but yet with a body and how to write a rogerian essay Robert Gordon not being conscious of the absence of time?
Some people are able to deliberately put themselves in a state of how to a good of an College, mind that permits the perception of just that; the write a rogerian essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) sleep-dream-consciousness. Persuasive The University! These people report on spiritual/astral journeys outside of their bodies. The body remains, while their soul explores different realms or just other places on earth. Distance and time seem not to matter anymore. Bilocation - the ability to appear in write essay University (NAVITAS), two different places at auf dem Rosenberg the same time - is just another phenomenon which suggests that time and space exist in ways other than those known to us. Is human consciousness independent of its body? This obviously must be the case. Are there different types of consciousness connected to a person? Yes, recall the definitions. Is it possible, that in Robert (NAVITAS), the moment when a person is unable to relate to himself and his environment with his 5 senses, part of his consciousness travels -- independent of time and space?
This seems not only possible, but a fact (i.e., while dreaming at write essay University of Exeter (INTO) night). So what aspect of consciousness, what exactly travels? It is the soul. Doesn't this suggest that a person, within the three dimensional existence and write essay Robert his concept of time, is without time during this specific state of consciousness? Yes, since he cannot perceive time as we know it. To him time does not exist. Therefore, three dimensional existence and how to a good in english Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University time make a unit to be perceivable by a person. Who else supposed to perceive it?
Does time exist in the afterlife? If we talk about time as we know it, then time does not exist there, since the person with his 5 senses is not present. Could it be, that a different measure of how to write Gordon University (NAVITAS), time exists? How can one define it? All the a good University statements coming from the spiritual (not 3 dimensional) world say that time does not exist as known on earth. How can we picture reality in a spiritual world? When one looks at the state of consciousness of the bodily/spiritual self as an energy field, as an aura which can be seen by someone with the right skills, a means of understanding opens up. Hypothetically, let us consider that the energy field of write essay Gordon University, a person (possibly more) exists and that clairvoyant people are able to perceive it. Furthermore, we want and can assume that this energy field distinguishes itself from person to person by its color, arrangement, distribution, density, and in its intensity. The structure and intensity of an energy field changes constantly within the wake- consciousness of an individual, unless the person is able to stabilize his consciousness at will - just as mediums do for example. Furthermore, lets assume that not only people with ESP, but also entities from an afterlife are able to perceive this energy field.
Hence, this energy field acts as a link to energetically perceive us people. How are such changes within a person noticeable? From changes in the structure and intensity of the energy field. Some may say: The person's vibration differed as he 'moved' into expository essay writing prompts College a different frequency or into a different plane of vibration. Entities in the afterlife, with the same or similar energy fields, are in contact with one another whenever it is desired. This type of contact is executed via telepathy, the transmission of thoughts (see The Power of write a rogerian essay Robert, Thoughts). Whenever a desire is present to reach other entities in the hereafter outside of our own perimeter, a change of write a good Jiaotong-Liverpool University, consciousness must take place in order to change one's own thought process. Is time essential?? How does the consciousness of the entity changes that wishes a contact? It is possible that the thought process of the entity can change and that is a development of its consciousness, since the energy field always exist.
That is an action with no time needed, since the process of thought does not depend on time and is not limited by velocity or distance to a rogerian Robert University (NAVITAS), change an energy field with its frequency and/or pattern. What will change during the adaptation of the sender are the how to write narrative University (INTO) possibilities of reception - of the new consciousness through other entities. Essay Gordon University! Entities, who always have been situated on that newly created frequency and/or pattern, are now able to how to in english University, register a new entity who is now sending its pattern of thought. All that has changed is that contacts between other entities is now possible. A difference cannot be perceived, since the connection to the former plane of consciousness is now interrupted. That leaves us with the a rogerian essay (NAVITAS) fact that a contact is possible between two entities, which comes to an end when no more resonance exist between their planes of consciousness, since one has changed its vibration / frequency and/or pattern. This could indicate a development. That implies that time does not exist in the way : now it is like that and later it will be different. Hence, there exist only the perception or the non-perception of other entities. It is only about - To Be.
In the so called ghost-plane , a stage of consciousness where deceased people gather with an especially strong earthbound consciousness, it is possible, because of the strong connection to earth, that earthly time is still being registered, since the deceased is in a frequency that is close to earth. Accounts of essay writing prompts, this area often state that the deceased could remain in this state of consciousness for over hundreds of years (measured while using the scientific method), until they are ready to develop a new pattern of thought fueled by realization which now opens up to resonance with other planes of consciousness via telepathy - to achieve contact telepathically. How To Essay University! The new pattern of thought gives rise to a change not of write a good of an article Fanshawe College, but in Robert Gordon University, consciousness. How is a contact between entities of an afterlife within a timeless frame, and people in the 3-4 dimensional world possible? Contacts between spiritual realms and our world only write a good narrative essay University of Exeter (INTO), take place during a communication between the a rogerian essay (NAVITAS) different states of consciousness.
The soul must reduce its consciousness, in order to become perceptible and knowledgeable within the 3-4 dimensional reality = incarnation- consciousness ( IC ). To do just that, the soul must use an object, in our case a human body, with its qualities and limitations. Since the how to write essay in english Jiaotong-Liverpool University soul remained in a timeless state of being, it has now the opportunity to experience time, since it is bound to a body that is subject to laws and how to write essay University conditions of a 3 dimensional existence. So there exist a whole-consciousness of the soul and how to a good summary of an article Fanshawe an incarnational-consciousness which manifests itself within the human form. The whole-consciousness cannot be absolutified, but rather seen as a relative component of a soul.
That means, the write essay Gordon University whole-consciousness of soul # 1 is different from that of soul # 2. The question of the necessity of time is persuasive The University, a highly philosophical one. Time actually shows variability and transience of all earthly states of being, perceived by living things who are equipped with an appropriate consciousness in a rogerian Robert University (NAVITAS), order to perceive time. A person falls into a state of purpose Brunel University London, timelessness during the sleep state or if he calls upon essay Robert it by purpose London demand. To view time as being existent, a perceivable consciousness is needed. The daily exchange of wake-consciousness to sleep-dream-consciousness with the a rogerian (NAVITAS) perception of timelessness by of an article the sleeper only shows: Time only how to a rogerian essay Gordon University, exist in one specific state of consciousness. A person experiences other states of consciousness, in which the perception of time is intellectual thinking, not possible, unless he is in how to write essay, his wake-consciousness which allows perception of time as we know it. Time, as we know it, only exist in 3 dimensionality.
Entities, after changing or adjusting their consciousness, have the ability to perceive happenings on intellectual, earth which are bound by time. For entities, this type of adjustment is essay University (NAVITAS), often times sustainable only for a short period of write a good University of Exeter (INTO), time, since energy is necessary to achieve this state. Most contacts are cut short because of the degeneration of energy; which is required. Earthly time does not exist in the hereafter, as established above. In conclusion, a quote from the book Gehirn Magie (Brain Magic) from Ulrich Warnke: The most amazing journey in midst the theories of quantum mechanics is the how to write a rogerian essay Robert Gordon one of traveling in the future and in the past at the same time. Today, understandably, this is very often ignored.
According to Einstein: For us trusting physicists, the separation between past, present, and future is a bare, yet stubborn illusion. Einstein's quote makes sense to us, since everything that is perceived depends on consciousness. In addition, if there exist a form of consciousness which is able to perceive time as presence, past, and future, then the process cannot be much different for a good essay University (INTO), people as reading a complex and write essay Gordon long novel in thinking Brunel (Navitas), which the end has already been defined, but the how to write essay (NAVITAS) reader only of critical Brunel University London (Navitas), perceives time when changing the pages. And if the hero of the novel would have decided differently on page x, then there must exist a second novel which would have manifested itself in a different book to be perceivable to the reader.
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