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Goodbye Lenin Essays and Research Papers. Vladimir Lenin The Russian Revolution, we know how it began, why it began, and the outcome of writing essay introductions St. Louis it. We know that without it Russia would have . not become to powerhouse that it was during World War II and beyond (and without it might have been completely taken over by the Nazis). However, unlike the French Revolution which had no clear leader or originator of the revolution at the very beginning of Russia’s toppling of the write an introduction for a college application essay Lucton, monarchy and rise of Communism was one man: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin . Vladimir. Communism , Marxism , October Revolution 1575 Words | 5 Pages. Twentieth Century American Novels 14 January 2014 Goodbye , Columbus: “Who am I?” Who am I? This is a question everyone asks themselves . at writing St. Louis School a point in their life, and write an introduction for a essay School, is the exact question that Neil Klugman faces. Essay Introductions School? In Phillip Roth's novella Goodbye , Columbus, there is an ongoing search by Neil Klugman who, according to Helge Nilsen, is involved in a struggle to develop and preserve an identity of his own amid different environments and conflicting impulses within himself, (Nilsen, 97). This. American Jews , Goodbye, Columbus , Novella 1660 Words | 5 Pages. ?Hein Aung Amy Katherine Cannon Writing 39B 17 Nov. How To Write An Introduction For A Application? 2014 The Long Goodbye : The Social Impacts of the Novel “The image of Los Angeles by . the 1950s was, in contrast, that of the wasteland: in the cold, hard city one was overwhelmed by emptiness, desolation, and despair,” as quoted in the article The Dark Side of the Dream by Tina Olsin Lent, overpopulation and industrialization were the major factors that led to writing introductions gradual deterioration of the city of Los Angeles.
Urbanization, invoked by the booming. Crime fiction , Detective fiction , Femme fatale 2677 Words | 10 Pages. Gonzales Mrs. Wilson Pre AP English 1 21 April 2012 Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Lenin , also known as Vladimir Lllych Ulyanov . was a strong believer in equalism (Trueman 1).”Vladimir Lenin founded the Russian Communist Party, led the Bolshevik Revolution, and was the architect of the writing essay & Hospitality School, Soviet state ”(“Vladimir Lenin ” 1). In a book titled Animal Farm by George Orwell there is a character named Old Major who resembles Vladimir Lenin . Vladimir Lenin was one of the first to encourage the St. Louis, idea of the rebellion. Bolshevik , Communism , Leon Trotsky 1494 Words | 4 Pages. Lenin was the leader of the Bolshevik (meaning Majority) faction of the Russian Social and (NAVITAS), Democratic Labour Party and writing essay School, took power in the . October Revolution of write pdf free College 1917. Writing Introductions? He was born in the city of Simbirsk in 1870 and studied Law at how to write an essay pdf free College Kazan' university, where he was introduced to Marxist literature. His brother Alexandr was involved in a plot to assassinate Tsar Alexandr III and writing essay introductions St. Louis School, executed.
He spent some time in how to write essay, internal exile in Siberia before being exiled from Russia. It was in London that he formed. Bolshevik , Communism , Marxism 789 Words | 3 Pages. Senor Maioranos (Mr. Better-years), who is Terry Lennox in disguise. He and Marlowe talk, but the old affection is gone. As Marlowe said of essay introductions St. Louis School Linda Loring's . How To Write An Essay Niagara? departure, to say goodbye is to die a little. As he had in the preceding The Little Sister (1949), Chandler engaged in pointed social criticism in The Long Goodbye , stretching the writing introductions, genre. The brunt of his attack is born by the rich: Marlowe sees their enterprises ? business, the press, gambling interests, lawyers, and the courts ? forming. Hardboiled , Marriage , Novel 1165 Words | 4 Pages.
struggle. From the crowd leaders emerge, the intelligent, the most powerful, and the ones who can get the job done. In two of history's more renowned . revolutions, the French and Russian, two great thinkers pushed the revolution onward, Robespierre and Lenin , respectively. Maximilien Robespierre was born on May 6, 1758, the son of a lawyer in Arras. His life was successful early on, being awarded a scholarship to the prestigious Louis-le-Grand College in Paris. Here he was prominent in his studies of. Communism , French Revolution , Karl Marx 1030 Words | 3 Pages.
what the world would be like if he had not been there. If Vladimir Lenin had not been born, there would be no Cold War, no Soviet Union and . Russia might still be ruled by a Tsar. However, Lenin was not simply a catalyst in the many changes Russia faced; he was a most volatile reactant in the chemistry of London, Russian and world politics. Breaking the barrier between attaining both economic success and political achievement, Vladimir Lenin almost singlehandedly ended the Tsardom and brought the socialist. Communism , Karl Marx , Marxism 1160 Words | 3 Pages. Vladimir Lenin; Contemporary Prince. capable of taking power and controlling it in such a form as Machiavelli prescribed it. Vladimir Ilich Lenin was this man, he became the first . leader of one of the most Machiavellian governments ever in existence, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Lenin represented the key principles of the Machiavellian idea.
When the Communist government finally started to function properly, Lenin managed to be both loved and feared as the head of the writing essay School, new state. Furthermore, he also managed to be greatly. Communism , Communist state , Joseph Stalin 911 Words | 3 Pages. Vladimir Lenin: A Catalyst for Change. Vladimir Lenin : A Catalyst for Revolution In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, revolutionary Vladimir Lenin was the . driving force behind Russian Marxism, reformation and School, organization of the working class, and the political catalyst behind the Revolution of essay introductions St. Louis 1905. During this time period, the how to write analysis essay Hurtwood, new Russian working class had left the countryside for urban factories. Essay Introductions School? Workers revolted against Tsarist oppression and participated in illegal strikes. Lenin organized workers under the write an introduction college application School, Social Democratic. Bourgeoisie , Marxism , Russia 1506 Words | 4 Pages.
Lenin and Trotsky in writing introductions St. Louis, the Russian Revolution. [pic] A Plan of Investigation To What Extent Was Vladimir Lenin Responsible for the Downfall of the a biography Glion London, & Hospitality School, . Tsarist Regime, and Subsequently the Provisional Government? The aim of introductions this investigation is to write a compare essay for college University determine the reasons that Vladimir “ Lenin ” Ulyanov was responsible for the downfall of the Tsarist Regime, and subsequently the writing essay introductions, provisional government in write and contrast Coventry University, 1917. The investigation focuses on writing St. Louis School, Lenin’s newspaper, The Pravda, Lenin’s eloquent speaking in St. Communism , Leon Trotsky , Marxism 1961 Words | 7 Pages. Churchill Stalin is the Lenin of today, said a popular propaganda slogan of the a biography Glion Business & Hospitality, thirties and the forties. Writing Introductions St. Louis School? The situation has changed . drastically since that time; people's opinion of write an essay pdf free Niagara College Stalin has changed in writing essay St. Louis School, light of the new facts that came out during the course of history. One of such influencing factors was the write and contrast University, secret speech given by Khrushchev during the writing introductions St. Louis, Twentieth Congress of KPSS.
This speech, however, does not give a real picture of either Stalin or Lenin : Khrushchev denounces the idolization. Great Purge , Joseph Stalin , Leon Trotsky 1463 Words | 4 Pages. Vladimir Lenin - Revolutionary Momentum. In April 1917, a month after the Romanov Dynasty in write and contrast Coventry University, Russia effectively ended with the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, Vladimir Ilich Lenin . returned to Russia from exile with a formidable revolutionary mentality. The Tsar’s abdication prompted a period of dual power between select members of the defunct fourth Duma, now termed the Provisional Government, and the newly formed Petrograd Soviet. This arrangement offered a sense of political stability, a stability that was detrimental to Lenin’s quest. Communism , Karl Marx , Leon Trotsky 1184 Words | 4 Pages. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin | | Lenin in 1920 | Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the . Soviet Union (Premier of the essay St. Louis School, Soviet Union) | In office 30 December 1922 – 21 January 1924 | Preceded by an essay pdf free Niagara, | Position created | Succeeded by | Alexei Rykov | Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR | In office 8 November 1917 – 21 January 1924 | Preceded by | Position created | Succeeded by introductions School, | Alexei Rykov | Member of the Politburo | . Bolshevik , Communism , Marxism 13430 Words | 38 Pages. Vladimir Lenin and the Bolshevik Party.
Vladimir Lenin devoted his life to leading a worker’s rebellion that would remove Tsar Nicholas II from a-g requirments The University of Northampton, power and spark a communist revolution. . The events of 1917, in February and October, led to a chain reaction that would allow Lenin’s Bolshevik party to secure power. The overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II led to the installment of a weak transitional government and paved the way for the October revolution that was the birth of essay Soviet Russia. How did Lenin’s Bolshevik party, which was the how to a case study analysis, minority. Bolshevik , Communism , Karl Marx 1975 Words | 6 Pages. The Life and Impact of Vladimir Lenin Essay. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was an impactful political leader in Russia during the School, twentieth century. He was a famous figure and left a huge impact . on the Russian/Soviet Union Empire for many decades to follow. What he may be known for best, Lenin created and brought up the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics along with helping with the introduction of communism. He applied that communism concept to the Union of writing Glion Business School Soviet Socialist Republics government that he was running. As the political leader in essay introductions St. Louis School, the Union.
Bolshevik , February Revolution , Leon Trotsky 1187 Words | 3 Pages. Was Lenin an heir to Russian tradition? ?To what extent was Lenin ‘heir to the Russian tradition of government’? Since the tsar, Lenin has taken the ‘throne’ and . along with the Bolsheviks proceeded to turn Russia into The University of Northampton (NAVITAS), a one-party state. It can be argued that Russia has remained almost unchanged in essay St. Louis, terms of government policies and its traditions this is shown by Lenin's oppressive policies such as censorship. Critical Quote International School? Lenin was not born into power and this shows he is in fact not an heir to Russian tradition. Similarly he had as little time. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , Marxism 936 Words | 2 Pages. How Successful Was Lenin as a Leader. How Successful was Lenin as A leader? In order to essay School access whether Lenin was a successful leader it is important to note four . main principals.
His establishment of power, his ideologies, domestic policies and the nature of Russia when he came into power. When looking into success we need to analyse how far Lenin accomplished his aim or purpose and how he turned Russia into a single party state in such a short period of time. It is also important to note the length of how to write a case study House Lenin’s rule- he was not there. Bolshevik , Communism , Communist state 1523 Words | 4 Pages. Assess the introductions, role of Lenin in the Bolshevik consolidation of power. ?Assess the role of Lenin in the Bolshevik consolidation of power from 1917 to 1924. Lenin’s contribution to the Bolshevik Party was an . essential factor in their consolidation of power during 1917-1924, however; Lenin’s role was not the only factor contributing to how to write an essay pdf free College their success. The Bolsheviks were regarded as a “minor feature of Russian political life” and it was not until Lenin’s return to Russia that the party became a key player.
It can be seen that Lenin played a pivotal role in introductions St. Louis School, the consolidation. Communism , Communist Party of the Soviet Union , Leon Trotsky 2484 Words | 7 Pages. James Hilton's novel Goodbye , Mr. Chips is the story of an English schoolmaster who dedicated his entire adult life teaching young boys. He . was a somewhat shy person. Write Application Essay? Nevertheless he was a competent school teacher, professional and attractive in many different ways.
Although his first teaching experience was not successful, he was determined to essay School become a good schoolmaster. After coming to Brookfield, he began to warm up to his students. But more important he brought discipline to how to an introduction college essay School his school which. Education , Goodbye, Mr. Essay Introductions? Chips , James Hilton 1363 Words | 4 Pages. Assess the Role of writing a biography London, Business & Hospitality School Lenin in the Success of the Bolshevik Revolutuion. Essay 1: 1. Writing Introductions? Assess the role of Lenin in the success of the Bolshevik revolution. Lenin’s political role in the success of the 1917 . Bolshevik revolution was to a critical extent due to his thirst for power.
However, to a reduced extent, the writing a biography Glion London, & Hospitality School, feebleness of the Provisional Government and the support/work of Trotsky guaranteed political accomplishment. Writing Introductions St. Louis? Lenin’s strength within the political sphere was most accentuated by his April Theses – 7 April 1917. Lenin was a described by post-revisionist. Bolshevik , Menshevik , October Revolution 2030 Words | 6 Pages. History Essay- to what extent did Lenin honour his promises. extent did Lenin honor his promises? When Lenin published his April theses he began using the quote ‘peace bread and land’ as a . promise to writing essay Glion & Hospitality the Russian people if he was their leader. This slogan was used, alongside many, to drive the Bolsheviks into power after the October revolution. However, they weren’t exactly what the people expected, nor did the Bolsheviks expect the response they got from the people.
This essay aims to discuss the extent of the Bolsheviks keeping their promises. Lenin stuck. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , Marxism 1222 Words | 3 Pages. To what extent was Lenin crucial to the Bolshevik seizure of power in writing essay, October 1917? ?To what extent was Lenin crucial to the Bolshevik seizure of power in October 1917? On 24th October 1917 the Lenin and how to a compare essay University, the . Bolsheviks led a revolution in Russia. The Bolshevik Red Guards led a revolution against the Provisional Government by St. Louis, seizing control of stations, telephone exchanges, post offices, the national bank and the Winter Palace in Petrograd. Now Lenin set about how to a case study analysis House, creating the world’s first communist state.
Although he was a strong influence, he was not solely responsible for the outbreak. Bolshevik , February Revolution , Menshevik 1197 Words | 3 Pages. How successful was Lenin in solving the Problems he faced? Mr. Wade 28/01/14 How successful was Lenin (1917-1924) in solving the problems he faced? With the October revolution in 1917, . Lenin managed to execute a successful coup d’etat against the provisional government of Russia and with the death of the constituent assembly early 1918; Lenin and his Bolsheviks had finally control over Russia. However this was just the beginning of various problems he would be facing. Writing Essay Introductions? This raised the how to write a compare and contrast essay for college Coventry, debate on whether Lenin could deal with these problems or not. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , October Revolution 1403 Words | 4 Pages. To What Extent Did Lenin Establish Communism in Russia Fro 1920-1924?
extent did Lenin establish Communism in Russia from 1920-1924? From an early age, Lenin opposed the Romanov autocratic regime, . even more so following the execution of his brother for the assassination of Tsar Alexander III. Lenin was an introductions St. Louis, avid follower of the writings of Karl Marx and a-g requirments The University of Northampton (NAVITAS), believed communism was the writing, way forward. He believed that everything should be owned by the government and then distributed evenly amongst the how to a case study analysis essay House, people. During the February 1917 revolution in Russia, Lenin was in exile. Communism , Marxism , October Revolution 955 Words | 3 Pages. They demanded free speech, free elections, free trade unions and an end to war communism. Trotsky’s Red Army put the St. Louis School, mutiny down with great losses. Writing A Biography Essay London, & Hospitality School? The . mutiny scared the Bolsheviks, because the Kronstadt sailors had been their greatest supporters and Lenin said later that the rebellion was “like a flash of lightning which threw more of a glare upon writing introductions St. Louis, reality than anything else.” Since the how to an essay pdf free Niagara College, Bolsheviks greatest supporters lost hope on them, this was a wakeup call for them to reflect on writing essay introductions, their policy and make. Bolshevik , Capitalism , Leon Trotsky 917 Words | 2 Pages. How Far Was Lenin Responsible for how to write pdf free College, the Bolsheviks Growing Hold on Power in the Years 1917 24 Essay.
Far Was Lenin Responsible for the Bolsheviks' Growing Hold on Power in the Years 1917-24? Lenin was responsible for the . Bolsheviks’ growing hold on power during the years 1917 through to 1924. Writing Essay Introductions St. Louis School? Lenin was a natural born leader and his leadership skills along with his access to the Red Army through with help from Trotsky cemented the a compare and contrast for college Coventry University, Bolsheviks growing hold on power. A reason for Red Success was Geography. The white armies weaknesses also created an opportunity for both the red army and Lenin to seize. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , October Revolution 877 Words | 3 Pages. How Did Lenin and Stalin Transform He Society and Economy of the writing essay, Ussr? How did Lenin and Stalin transform the society and economy of the USSR?
After the devastation of how to write application Lucton World War I, the Revolution, and Civil War, . Writing Essay Introductions? Russia was a total wreck. Factories were in ruins and half the how to and contrast for college University, working class gone, either dead or returned to the farms. Millions had died, mainly from the essay St. Louis, famine and (NAVITAS), disease accompanying war. Two million more, mostly nobles, middle class, and intellectuals, had emigrated to other countries. Lenin returned to Russia from exile in 1917 and it was up to. Communism , Great Purge , Joseph Stalin 1419 Words | 4 Pages. How important was Lenin compared to Trotsky in the Bolshevik coming to essay introductions and consolidating power between 1917 and how to write an essay pdf free, 1924? ?How important was Lenin compared to Trotsky in the Bolshevik coming to and consolidating power between 1917 and 1924? Russia is extremely . large but much of the land is barren. As a result Russia experienced many problems, especially due to School its backward nature. As Russia was a vast empire it was difficult to control and resulting in for a college essay Lucton, many revolutions.
The Russian Revolution was the series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and School, led to the creation of the Soviet. Bolshevik , Communism , Leon Trotsky 2658 Words | 7 Pages. How Far Was Lenin Responsible For The Bolsheviks Growing Hold On Power In The Years 1917. ?How far was Lenin responsible for the Bolsheviks’ growing hold on power in the years 1917-1924? In 1917, the Bolsheviks gained power of . Russia and were able to hold onto write for a essay, this growing power until 1924 and later. There are several factors that could be considered to be the writing essay introductions St. Louis School, reason as to critical thinking quote why they were able to seize control. Essay St. Louis? It could be said that Lenin was a significant factor due to his pragmatism and his use of terror, however it also could be said that other members of the Bolshevik party such. Bolshevik , Cheka , Communism 836 Words | 2 Pages. Access the Methods Used by Either Peron or Lenin to Maintain His Position as Ruler of a Single Party State. by the Bolsheviks as a result of the October Revolution.
The storming and capitulation of the Winter Palace on the night of the 7th to 8th of November marked . the beginning of critical quote of Milan Soviet rule. Lenin was elected as the Chair of the Council of writing introductions People’s Commissars by the Russian Congress of Soviets. In April 1917 Lenin published his April Thesis. How To A Compare And Contrast For College Coventry University? This document outlined Lenin's aims for the future: to end the war; to give all power to the Soviet; to introductions School give all property and land to how to write study essay the people and worldwide revolution. Bolshevik , Communism , Leon Trotsky 1134 Words | 3 Pages. Factors Enabling Lenin and Bolsheviks to Seize Power: Failures of the Provisional Goverment. Using the four sources and essay St. Louis, your own knowledge, assess the view that the failures of the Provisional Government were the main factors in enabling . Lenin and the Bolsheviks to seize power. Seizure of power appeared more prominently due to the nature of The University 1917, in which the April Theses was published, the July Days occurred and introductions School, the Kornilov Affair, which emphasised the a-g requirments The University (NAVITAS), weaknesses of the Provisional Government. However, it is how the Bolsheviks enabled their power through 1917: through their powerful. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , October Revolution 1900 Words | 5 Pages. month after Joan's death, Neil remarried, causing doubt about the healthiness of the essay introductions St. Louis School, relationship before Joan's demise.
He wed actress Marsha Mason, who . later appeared in a number of his works, including film versions of a-g requirments (NAVITAS) Only When I Laugh and The Goodbye Girl. The marriage lasted 9 years, and ended bitterly due to undisclosed reasons. Writing Essay? Five years after his divorce from Ms Mason, he coupled with Diane Landers, also an actress. He had a second daughter, Nancy, with the actress, as well as adopting. Lost in Yonkers , Marsha Mason , Neil Simon 1520 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and contrast the economic policies of Lenin and Stalin and evaluate their success. contrast the economic policies of a-g requirments (NAVITAS) Lenin and Stalin and evaluate their success. Comparing Lenin and Stalin one finds that both . were following a communist ideal but what is the communist ideal? The main principal is to share a country's wealth amongst its people. This is the theoretical side of the communist idea; the introductions St. Louis School, practical side requires a careful planning of the country's economy and also a system that makes sure that everybody is treated equally.
When Lenin and how to an introduction essay Lucton School, the communist party took over. Communism , Communist Party of the Soviet Union , Communist state 1767 Words | 6 Pages. Did Lenin Lead to writing essay introductions Stalin? Examine the Elements of Change and Continuity Within Soviet Russia 1917-1941. Vladimir Lenin and was one of the pivotal moments of the 20th Century. The ramifications of the event, and the subsequent establishment of the . world's first Communist regime were immediately obvious, but also had continuing repercussions for decades. This essay will argue that although Lenin and Stalin seemed to have conflicting views, in reality they shared very similar policies; Stalin just took these policies to for a college an extreme. There was a rather significant continuity between Lenin and Stalin’s. Communism , Communist state , Leon Trotsky 1369 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and Contrast the Role of Lenin and Trotsky in writing essay introductions School, Establishing and Contributing to the Communist State in Russia From 1917-1924.
Lenin and critical quote International, Trotsky had both been able to contribute to the establishment and consolidation of a communist state in Russia 1917-24. In the . Writing School? beginning, before the Civil War, Lenin's past seemed to be the one of spreading ideology to writing Glion London, & Hospitality communism by essay School, his speeches, slogans and other forms of propaganda. On the other hand, Trotsky was more of writing London, Business a realist. St. Louis School? He took care of the action the Bolsheviks had to take in order to be successful. He, assumingly, led the Bolshevik riots in the July days and defeated the Provisional. Communism , Leon Trotsky , Marxism 781 Words | 3 Pages. ? Film 8 13 OCT, 2013 The long Goodbye The Long Goodbye is an introduction for a School a 1973 ‘Neo-Noir’ directed by Robert Altman and based . on writing essay St. Louis School, Raymond Chandler's 1953 novel of the same name. The screenplay was written by Leigh Brackett, who co-wrote the screenplay for “The Big Sleep” in 1946. Write Coventry University? The film stars Elliott Gould as Philip Marlowe, and features Sterling Hayden, Nina Van Pallandt, Jim Bouton and Mark Rydell. The film The Long Goodbye has been described as a study of writing St. Louis School a moral and decent man cast adrift.
American film actors , American television actors , Detective 2999 Words | 8 Pages. The Cather in college application essay Lucton School, the Rye: Summary Chapters 1-8. three others. At Pencey, he has failed four out of five of his classes and has received notice that he is being expelled, but he is not scheduled to return . home to Manhattan until Wednesday. He visits his elderly history teacher, Spencer, to say goodbye , but when Spencer tries to reprimand him for his poor academic performance, Holden becomes annoyed. Back in the dormitory, Holden is further irritated by his unclean neighbor, Ackley, and by essay St. Louis, his own roommate, Stradlater.
Stradlater spends the evening. Ash Wednesday , Brain tumor , Education 430 Words | 2 Pages. Was Lenin More Significant for His Actions in 1917 or for His Subsequent Actions from 1918 to 1924? Was Lenin more significant for his actions in how to write for a application essay Lucton School, 1917 or for his subsequent actions from 1918 to 1924? Lenin was a Russian . revolutionary and writing introductions School, was best known for being one of the main leaders of the October Revolution in 1917 and the first head of the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic. But was Lenin more significant for critical thinking, his actions in writing essay, 1917 or his subsequent actions from 1918 to 1924?
That is the question I will be exploring in how to write Coventry, this essay and I will be thinking of all of his actions in the mentioned. Bolshevik , February Revolution , Menshevik 1351 Words | 4 Pages. Was the writing, leadership of Lenin the most important reason why the Bolsheviks were able to how to a case study essay House seize power in October 1917? Vladimir Lenin was an introductions St. Louis School, outstanding figure of how to write for a college essay Lucton School significance during the Russian Revolution. Under his strong leadership and with the help of his . loyal followers, Lenin enabled the Bolsheviks to come into power, overturning the essay School, Provisional Government in the second revolution of the year.
This has long been regarded as an important factor that contributed to this seizing of power. College Essay? However, it is not the sole reason, nor is writing essay it the most important one, with two others being the incompetence of the Provisional. February Revolution , October Revolution , Russia 1576 Words | 4 Pages. ?Money In Berlin Money plays an interesting role in the novel, Goodbye to how to write pdf free Niagara College Berlin. The 1930’s Berlin society places a large emphasis on . social standing based on School, money, though, ironically, the people who have it don’t deserve it and The University of Northampton (NAVITAS), the pursuit of money tears people apart. St. Louis School? Isherwood gives us a closer look on just how significant money is by peering into the lives of several different people, all of different social situations and showing how each of them is affected by the pursuit of it. The. Cabaret , Christopher Isherwood , Fiction 624 Words | 2 Pages.
?How significant were the personalities of the contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years 1924-29. ?How significant were the thinking quote, personalities of the writing introductions St. Louis School, contenders to writing essay Glion London, Business & Hospitality succeed Lenin in accounting for writing essay St. Louis School, Stalin’s defeat of writing a biography essay Glion London, Business School his opponents in the years . 1924-29 Lenin’s death in 1924 not only created a power vacuum but also a bitter struggle for supremacy between Stalin, Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev and writing introductions, Bukharin as each tried to become the new leader of the a biography, communist party. Essay St. Louis? Whilst I do think that the personalities of the combatants were noteworthy I believe that the other elements involved such as Stalin’s tactical. Communism , Communist state , Joseph Stalin 1502 Words | 4 Pages. Explain the a biography London,, Arguments of Both Schmitt and of Lenin Against Liberal Democracy of the introductions, Late 19th Century. been, a total state. (Schmitt, Carl, «Strong State and Sound Economy: An Address to Business Leaders», in Carl Schmitt and Authoritarian Liberalism, . Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 1998, p. 217.) Explain the arguments of (NAVITAS) both Schmitt and of Lenin against liberal democracy of the late 19th Century. During the essay introductions, late 19th Century, liberal democracy was established in the societies. This form of government implies to fair, free and write a compare and contrast for college Coventry, competitive elections between distinct political parties. Communism , Liberal democracy , Marxism 1344 Words | 4 Pages.
How significant were the personalities of the contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years 1924-29? ?How significant were the personalities of the contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in writing St. Louis School, the years . Write An Introduction College School? 1924-29? In the years before Lenin’s death and the years that followed. Stalin was seen to be in essay introductions St. Louis School, the weaker position than the seven other opponents, this being because he was doubted in his role in the revolution and how to write pdf free, therefore as his role of the leader of the party. I believe that the personalities of the contenders was significant in St. Louis, the power struggle but it. Bolshevik , Joseph Stalin , Leon Trotsky 1175 Words | 2 Pages. Lenin had a greater impact on Russia’s economy and society than any other Ruler. How far do you agree with this view of the period from 1855 to 1964? Lenin had a greater impact on Russia’s economy and society than any other Ruler. How far do you agree with this view of the period from 1855 . to 1964? Over the period from 1855 to 1964, Russia saw various reforms and policies under the Tsars and the Communist leaders that had great impacts on its economy and critical thinking quote, society both positive and essay introductions, negative.
Lenin definitely implanted polices that changed society and the economy for The University of Northampton, example with war communism. St. Louis? However whether his policies had the greatest impact. Alexander II of Russia , Alexander III of Russia , Joseph Stalin 2039 Words | 5 Pages. How Significant Were the Personalities of the Contenders to how to pdf free Succeed Lenin in Accounting for Stalin’s Defeat of His Opponents in the Years 1924-29? How significant were the personalities of the introductions St. Louis, contenders to thinking quote School of Milan succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years . 1924-29? In the introductions, lead up to Lenin’s death and the years that followed, it would seem Stalin was in a weaker position than several of his opponents, as many doubted his role in the Revolution and, therefore, his role as a leader of the Party. Several factors played a role in allowing Stalin to be victorious, however, comparatively they hold varying significance. Grigory Zinoviev , Joseph Stalin , Lenin's Testament 1220 Words | 4 Pages. Goodbye Lenin-The nostalgia for the red state. ? Goodbye Lenin -The nostalgia for the red state The German unification was formally completed on the third of October in . 1990. How To Write For College? Once a nation separated by writing essay introductions School, different ideologies is now finally reunited by how to write Niagara, the wind of change.
Many orthodox historians could agree on that the falling of these communist regimes has brought rather positive social, economic changes to the former red states; however, could a notion of red nostalgia also existed within the people behind the writing introductions St. Louis School, iron curtain? The film Goodbye. Cold War , Communism , Communist state 1389 Words | 4 Pages. “Stalin Won Because Trotsky Lacked a Power Base”: How Far Does This Statement Explain Why Stalin, Rather Than Trotsky, Succeeded Lenin as Leader of the thinking International, Soviet State? “Stalin won because Trotsky lacked a power base”: How far does this statement explain why Stalin, rather than Trotsky, succeeded Lenin as . leader of the Soviet State? A power base is the source of introductions a person’s organisation power or influence. The statement “Stalin won because Trotsky lacked a power base” does not explain the actual reasons as to why Trotsky did not succeed Lenin as the leader of the writing a biography essay Glion London, School, Soviet state. Writing Essay Introductions St. Louis School? Trotsky had the most powerful power base in Russia at the time which was that he had control. Bolshevik , Communism , Joseph Stalin 2242 Words | 6 Pages. How significant were the personalities of the contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for writing a biography essay Business, Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years 1924-29?
?How significant were the essay introductions School, personalities of the contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years . 1924-29? Lenin's death on the 21st January 1924 caused huge sadness across the country. After Lenin's death, everyone was eagerly waiting to study analysis Hurtwood know who would be the next leader of Russia. Writing School? In the write an essay pdf free, years after Lenin's death, there was no clear successor to his leadership. Writing Introductions St. Louis School? However, when Lenin was leader, Trotsky was always there for him, and he played a huge role in. Bolshevik , Grigory Zinoviev , Joseph Stalin 1061 Words | 3 Pages. political groups. In December he isarrested. ? Lenin is expelled from Kazan University because of of Milan hisopen rebellion and finishes his law . studies in St.Petersburg. ? 1893-Passes law examination at St. Petersburg. ? 1893- Lenin becomes active in Marxist study group. ? 1896- Lenin is arrested and writing, is exiled to Serbia after spending a year in St.Petersburg jail. A-g Requirments The University (NAVITAS)? While in exile he marries Nadezhda Krupskaya and writes hisfirst book. ? 1905- Lenin returns to Russia amid the chaos of the 1905. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , Moscow 326 Words | 2 Pages.
History Lenin and Stalin both attempted to essay improve the soviet economy, they each had a number of successes and . How To Write A Case Essay House? failures. The Civil War between the essay introductions St. Louis, Red and the White army had destroyed the writing essay Glion London, Business & Hospitality, Soviet economy. While Lenin had instituted the NEP, Stalin had tried to implement the 5 year plan in an attempt to improve the soviet economy. During the NEP the essay introductions, workers and farmers were much happier and they produced a lot of goods. How To Write Niagara? However this method was highly ineffective because.
Cold War , Communism , Communist Party of the Soviet Union 636 Words | 2 Pages. How important was the fear of Trotsky becoming leader in explaining Stalin's victory in writing essay introductions St. Louis School, the power struggle in the years 1924-1929? take leadership after Lenin died, even if they didn’t want him to. No one thought it would be Stalin. Therefore, Stalin felt he had to defeat . Trotsky in order to become leader. However, the fear of Trotsky becoming leader isn’t the only factor in explaining Stalin’s victory in the power struggle. Lenin died, January 21 1924. This is when the Lenin Legacy begun. Write Pdf Free College? Stalin took it upon himself to give a speech at Stalin’s funeral; he personally swore to carry on writing School, the work of Lenin . As General Secretary. Bolshevik , Grigory Zinoviev , Joseph Stalin 957 Words | 3 Pages.
Was the October 1917 Revolution a key turning point in the modernisation of writing a biography Glion Business & Hospitality Russia? undoubtedly a momentous and essay introductions School, extremely important event in Russia’s history, one that ousted the centuries-old Tsardom that ruled over how to write college application essay Lucton School, the empire, in favour of . the radical communist movement in the form of the Bolsheviks, headed by one Vladimir Iliych Lenin . However, did this sudden move from autocracy to a supposedly more progressive democracy actually bring about the modernisation of Russia industrially, agriculturally and writing essay St. Louis School, culturally, or was it simply a rebranding of a totalitarian state that would. Bolshevik , Communism , Democracy 1462 Words | 4 Pages. ethical principles (Random House). For College? Vladimir Lenin was not a pragmatist or an idealist, but he was an opportunist because he pushed the Marxist . Writing School? goals, he tried to help grow the middle class, and Lenin did his best to avoid war.
He used both ideologies, pragmatic and idealistic, to be an opportunist. How To Analysis Hurtwood House? Lenin was pragmatic as he used his efforts to change nation and was idealist as he was ruthless in his choices. On April 22, 1870, Vladimir Illich Ulyanov Lenin was born in Simbirsk near the Volga River. Communism , Joseph Stalin , Marxism 997 Words | 3 Pages. How Far Has the Importance of Trotsky in Creating Political Change in Russia in 1917 Been Exaggerated? prompting the Storming of the Winter Palace. Writing Introductions St. Louis? We know that it was Lenin , who came all the way from Finland to Petrograd, spending a whole night . in order to persuade the Bolshevik Central Committee to launch a revolution. How To An Essay Niagara College? Trotsky was more of an organiser and St. Louis School, orator then an event maker, as shown from Sources 76 and write study, 78. In Source 52, Trotsky’s own use of “engine driver of the writing essay introductions St. Louis School, Revolution” while describing Lenin shows Trotsky’s admittance of Lenin and that the other sources were exaggerating his role.
Evaluating. Bolshevik , Menshevik , October Revolution 2026 Words | 5 Pages. meticulously plotted his way into power using influential events, such as the occurrence of his promotion to The University (NAVITAS) General Secretary in which he displayed . political skills to writing introductions St. Louis School manipulate political situations, and also the influential post of liaising between Lenin and a case analysis Hurtwood, the Politburo with great success. Though his ascent to the leadership of the Soviet Union was neither easy nor inevitable, Stalin’s success was not an accident. He had tactics in place to gain the position, and Lenin’s death was the most major. Bolshevik , Grigory Zinoviev , Joseph Stalin 1410 Words | 4 Pages. benefit Russia the most. For example, Tsar Alexander II made many social reforms whilst Khrushchev concentrated on political issues.
The ruler who was most . successful in meeting the writing essay St. Louis, needs of the Russian people through their policies and reform was Lenin . During the period 1855-1964 there was a constant need to develop the political structure of Russia due to the needs and interests of the how to write and contrast Coventry, people. All of the Tsars in his period were autocratic and believed in writing essay introductions St. Louis, divine right of kings. As a result of this. Alexander II of Russia , Nicholas II of Russia , Russia 1377 Words | 2 Pages. During the civil war 1918-1920 Lenin tried to implement Communism. After the war ended though there were many crises that Lenin . had to thinking quote deal with if he didn’t want to be overthrown.
To combat crises such as the Kronstadt Uprising, Peasant Revolts and the recent demobilisation of the Red army, Lenin changed tactic and told the public they had experienced War communism and introductions School, introduced NEP (New economic policy) claiming it was a transition period to socialist paradise. Lenin continued his reign further by. Communism , Joseph Stalin , Leon Trotsky 1156 Words | 3 Pages. Machiavellian Principles Applied to how to write an introduction for a college essay the Bolshevik Revolution. his end by not being able to deal with fortune. Essay Introductions St. Louis? During the Bolshevik Revolution, it's important to remember what was going on in the rest of Europe and the . World. Write A Case Analysis House? Russia was in the midst of writing essay introductions St. Louis fighting a war against the Germans and Austria-Hungary. Lenin was not a dolt when it came to picking his allies, and neither were the Germans.
The Germans knew that they would never be able to how to pdf free College win a war against a fully mobilized Russia because although they had the superior arms and technology, the writing introductions St. Louis School, Russian army. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , October Revolution 1398 Words | 4 Pages. (Findley-Rothney, p. 88). Vladimar Ilyich Ulyanov, better known as Lenin , had become a revolutionary when his brother was executed for being . involved with the write a compare and contrast for college Coventry, planning of the assassination of Tsar Alexander III. Under amnesty, political exiles such as Lenin were permitted to writing return. Lenin believed that he could form a revolution that would be successful and change the world. Lenin knew that the Bolsheviks could now successfully seize and hold power.
Lenin did just that. “History will not forgive revolutionaries. October Revolution , Petrograd Soviet , Russia 1103 Words | 3 Pages.
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Category Archives: Pointless Essays. Thoreau’s Cosmopolitical Proposal. Henry David Thoreau casts a long shadow over my thoughts about and practice of essay introductions St. Louis School, walking, particularly his essay “On Walking” which opens with “I wish to speak a word for Nature, for an essay, absolute freedom and wildness, as contrasted with a freedom and culture merely civil,–to regard man as an inhabitant, or a part and parcel of St. Louis School, nature, rather than a member of society.” In a stroke, he introduces what becomes an elemental concept–the wild–and frames his understanding of the human away from how to write a compare for college University society in the big outside actively participating in writing St. Louis School, the making of how to a case analysis essay Hurtwood, that outside. But his initial phrasing also opens the question of who is authorized to speak for another, particularly an introductions St. Louis, other without language. Although the writing essay Glion Business School essay is full of many strongly (if ironically) stated sentiments about who is qualified to walk–“If you are ready to introductions St. Louis leave father and mother, and brother and sister, and wife and child and friends, and critical quote International School of Milan never see them again,–if you have paid your debts, and made your will, and settle all of St. Louis, your affairs, and are a free man, then you are ready for a walk.”–speaking a word for how to and contrast Coventry University, nature is, from the first instant, made in a tentative voice. He might speak a word for Nature, but he cannot speak for Nature. “On Walking” is an essay on being “part and parcel of nature,” of writing essay St. Louis School, acknowledging its “subtle magnetism,” and the “capabilities of the landscape.” The Nature he speaks for is full of agencies known and unknown.
The Belgian philosopher Isabelle Stengers also wants to how to pdf free College question those who speak “a word” for writing St. Louis School, Nature, to understand what authorizes certain people (usually scientists) to quote International School speak for nature, and to what extent their words are final. Her “Cosmopolitical Proposal” advocates listening to multiple voices speaking for or with multiple constituencies, articulating alliances, and writing School arriving at an often brief consensus. She opens with a question–“How can I present a proposal intended not to say what is, or what ought to be, but to provoke thought; one that requires no other verification than the way in which it is able to ‘slow down’ reasoning and create an opportunity to arouse a slightly different awareness of the problems and situations mobilizing us?” Her friend and a biography Glion London, Business & Hospitality mentor Gilles Deleuze once characterized Nietzsche’s philosophy as a “series of darts” –provocations to thinking– rather than a system or method. Alfred North Whitehead, Stenger’s other, more distant mentor, spoke of writing essay, philosophy as “lures for thinking.” All three–Whitehead, Deleuze, Stengers–offer up concepts, a tool-box, to help do philosophical work. How To Write A Compare Essay For College Coventry. They give no absolute position from which to speak absolutely, but they do point out essay St. Louis School, a branching path where thinkers can, in Thoreau’s word, saunter. The beginning of “On Walking” is a critique of an overly sedentary existence promoted by critical quote International School, the business economy, but it is also a description (sometimes prescription) of proper walking attitudes. Introductions School. In the latter part he echoes his mentor Emerson’s plea in the “Divinity School Address” for a unique American literature and philosophy, one partaking of and maybe even articulating the wild land they now occupy. This notion of “the wild” is a fraught concept, one subject to many different appropriations, most notably to support eco-political movements advocating for setting aside wilderness areas. His line “in wildness is the preservation of the world” is often misquoted as “in wilderness…” Without doubt, one could find elements of writing essay Glion Business School, a Thoreavian wild in a vast wilderness, but it also is to be found in the “civilized” world: in swamps or low spots on farms, at the edges of fields, in the margins of St. Louis School, cultivation (agricultural and of Northampton (NAVITAS) social). Thoreau himself, as Walden demonstrates, seeks out the wild and lives it on writing essay School those very margins. He notes in “On Walking,” “For my part, I feel that with regard to Nature, I live a sort of of Milan, border life….” His wild is not an inhuman isolation from the tame or civilized, but instead is a force which gives energy, vitality, or following Whitehead, articulates the “ultimate metaphysical ground, the creative advance into novelty.” The wild is a source, a wellspring that creates in spite of the cultivation that civilization demands.
It is the writing essay introductions tang of the wild apple or the wilding potato growing on the edge of a cultivated Peruvian field ready to bring new taste and characteristics to how to write for a college essay School the dinner table. A place to locate this is in essay introductions, one of his seemingly offhand rants near the end of the essay where, as a counter to an American obsession with the practical (or as a proleptic critique of the writing essay Glion School neo-liberal University), he calls for a “Society for introductions St. Louis, the Diffusion of Useful Ignorance.” He immediately renames ignorance “beautiful knowledge” to distinguish it from the practical, but it could just as easily be called “the wild” as he follows his proposal with a Whitmanesque image of cattle who find vitality in the new spring grass after a winter of hay. Ignorance can take many forms, and usually not particularly positive ones, but Thoreau’s is a plea for thought freed from the cultivation of a rigidified civilization, of one that only listens to narrowly defined expert voices speaking an officially sanctioned discourse. Useful ignorance is a form of naivete, a voice that can produce insights that, because unrecognized, are not available to the expert witnesses. The central figure in Stenger’s “Cosmopolitical Proposal” is the idiot, a conceptual persona she takes from Deleuze (who appropriated it from Dostoevsky). The University Of Northampton. In Stenger’s hands, the idiot is the tentative, unauthorized voice who asks non-sensical or useless questions. Idiotic questioning is a way to strip bare the categories of essay, sense and how to college Lucton School use.
She does not deny knowledge but does want a fuller understanding of the ground on which it stands: “We know, knowledge there is, but the idiot demands that we slow down, that we don’t consider ourselves authorized to believe we possess the St. Louis School meaning of what we know.” Stenger’s idiot is a practitioner of The University of Northampton, Thoreau’s useful ignorance, or perhaps is Thoreau himself–someone willing to ask naively the obvious question, who slows down a railroaded consensus. Thoreau is the essay St. Louis consummate railroad philosopher. Regarding transportation to Fitchburg he notes it would take him a day to earn train fare, but he could walk it in a day, so he opted for the second. A form of willful perversity perhaps, maybe a refusal to participate in write a case, an unnecessary economy, from most perspectives the action of an idiot, but definitely a way to slow down. In her plea for essay St. Louis, slow science, Stengers quotes Whitehead’s critique of how to Coventry University, a narrow professionalism: “minds in a groove. Each profession makes progress, but it is progress in writing essay School, its own groove. (…) The groove prevents straying across country, and the abstraction abstracts from something to which no further attention is given.” Inherent in this position is the desire to move transversally, as Thoreau advocates, to set out across the fields instead of how to write analysis Hurtwood, following established roads, and writing as a consequence to slow down enough to pay due attention– not just to the world encountered but also to critical thinking the thinking produced by that practice. Naive questioning, slowing down, paying due attention: these are pedestrian practices. In “On Walking” Thoreau notes, “My desire for knowledge is intermittent, but my desire to bathe my head in writing School, atmospheres unknown to my feet is perennial and constant.” This is contrasted to Emerson’s more famous transparent eyeball, “I become a transparent eyeball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part of God.” Thoreau is not after knowledge (at least none of the officially authorized kind), nor does he attain airy transcendence. Instead he wants his head to go where his feet can take him, to those little known places he sought out while sauntering in the woods surrounding Concord. He opens “On Walking” tracing an etymology of saunter, first claiming it describes someone going to Sainte Terre, to the Holy land.
Then he sets out the London, Business possibility it comes from sans terre, to be without land, which “will mean, having no particular home, but equally at St. Louis School home everywhere.” Ultimately Thoreau prefers the former, but I like the latter because of the double logic it proposes. A-g Requirments. To be without ground is to School acknowledge that the position from which you think and of Northampton speak is solid but transient. To saunter intellectually is not to be arrogant but instead tentative. You can venture to “speak a word for Nature,” but you cannot utter the definitive term. School. You cannot close off the conversation. & Hospitality School. The second half of the logic is that such groundless can still provide a home, that we don’t have to writing School root ourselves in write an essay pdf free College, the village, condemned to repeat the same formulae, nor do we have to run on the grooved rails of the train. Instead we can slow down, saunter across places hitherto unrealized, looking for knowledge of the wild, or even better, wild knowledge. T. Hugh Crawford. Christo’s “Floating Piers”: Learning to Walk. Finding myself in essay introductions, Milan after nearly a year of long-distance trekking, I couldn’t pass up the chance to walk on water.
Christo’s latest large-scale installation–the Floating Piers–was open on nearby Lake Iseo. How To An Introduction College Essay Lucton School. Though not as well-known as its counterparts–Como or Lugano–Iseo is a charming lake with a large island. St. Louis. Instead of the usual ferry, the a-g requirments The University Floating Piers provides travelers with a bridge from the mainland town of Sulzano across to the island. The lake is in a quiet wine district, and Christo’s installation threatens to overwhelm the writing essay St. Louis School region’s infrastructure. Arriving at Sulzano feels more like walking into carnival than an art exhibition. It was a brutally hot day, and transport included a packed shuttle bus from satellite parking lots. Given the difficulty of a case Hurtwood, travel and temperature, the visitors were in writing introductions St. Louis School, remarkably good humor, each showing a quiet expectation or maybe just plain curiosity about what they were about to experience. Christo’s installations tend to be visual–the many draped buildings, his wrapped islands, and the canyon curtain–so The Floating Piers is a divergence.
It is participatory, a set of bridges that are meant to be crossed by walkers, pilgrims of all types learning to walk on a strange cloth-covered contraption. The installation was first conceived in 1970 by Christo and his collaborator Jeanne-Claude. A three kilometer set of bridges, it links Sulzano with the International School of Milan island town of Peschiera Maraglio and the tiny Isola di San Paolo. Open from June 18 until July 3, Floating Piers is 220,000 high density polyethylene cubes covered by 100,000 square meters of fabric and writing introductions St. Louis School held in place by 200 anchors. With a color that approaches school-bus yellow, the bridges float just above the water’s surface with edges tapering to a zero point where the Niagara College water laps and, on a hot day, invites.
The site and surrounding towns have been overrun with walkers. In the first five days alone, 270,000 vistors arrived, far exceeding all estimates and prompting nighttime closures to enable the towns to clean up and reset for the next day’s onslaught. Planning walks usually involves maps with trail distance in kilometers and hours, but also topography with details on elevation gain and loss. The one bit of information often unavailable is a description of surface. A well-made trail up a steep incline can often be hiked faster than a poorly made level path. The Floating Piers has no elevation change. It is a two-dimensional plane perfectly level with the surface of the water, its colors forming an writing School, abstract diagram to be seen from above. Its bold diagonals are a striking sight, but the the surface walked is another matter. It is hard to describe the sensation of crossing. It is a flexing, forgiving surface that enables walking in any footwear (or with none at all) and the map provided does not so much guide as it abstracts.
Many of the visitors are local tourists, but there are also pilgrims from all over the world. Walking there is to hear a cacophony of languages and a-g requirments The University experience a cacophony of walking styles. Seasoned trekkers tend to move rapidly and directly, always aware of where they are on a trail and when in high traffic areas paying close attention to the movement of essay, others. It is a full-bodied dance that is direct but accommodating, open but precise. In contrast, The Floating Piers is walked by a variety of people, each struggling to find their pace in relation to a crowd which moves to different rhythms or does not move at all (Selfie sticks have replaced trekking poles on this trail). The paths on the islands vary in width, but the floating bridges themselves are a uniform 16 meters wide. A-g Requirments. Covered in what they describe as a “simmering yellow” fabric, the walkway provides only one sense of introductions School, directionality–across the lake and writing a biography essay Glion back. Essay School. The surface itself is unmarked, giving no indication of where to write an introduction college School walk.
I recall hiking the Ninety-Mile Beach on the northernmost part of New Zealand. In that wide expanse of sand, I found myself unconsciously following any track that appeared–human footprints, tire marks, even the seaweed of the tide line–if only to find a sense of where and how to walk. Christo’s walkers are given a blank space. The bridges are not long distance trails, nor are they city streets or the arcades of a shopping center. They have a direction, but give their walkers no directions. What is most striking about the essay project surface is that, like water, it is how to write an introduction application essay not a rigid plane. The piers flex, float, and St. Louis School move according to their own complicated pattern, one that is influenced by the movement of the lake surface, the School wake of introductions School, boats, and the wind, but also by the footsteps of the many walkers. If you expect them to follow a pattern based on a human scale, you are in for a surprise as the write study essay Hurtwood surface rises to writing introductions your foot or withdraws from it with no discernible rhythm. Consequently, the crowds moving in either direction (in or out) have to a compare and contrast essay for college Coventry navigate the unpredictability of writing St. Louis School, their fellow walkers and the chaotic flexing on the surface on which they stride. Perhaps it is the school-bus yellow, maybe the sharp and bold abstraction of how to a case study Hurtwood House, its lines, or just the sheer child-like playfulness of the entire project, there is something about the Floating Piers that turns its users into children. It is writing essay introductions a playful concept, but more fundamentally its users, like toddlers, must learn to negotiate the quote School of Milan surface where they walk and the people with whom they share that surface.
The day I walked the introductions St. Louis School Floating Piers, I got to a biography essay School tiny Isola di San Paola (the most playful section of the project) to find a pontoon workboat floating just off the writing St. Louis School yellow fabric coast. Christo was there with guests, including a man wearing yellow pants that appeared to be made from the bridge cover fabric (I’m sure they had a few extra yards lying around). There is nothing unusual about an artist visiting his own installation, but there was something poignant about this. Were it the opening for an earlier work, Christo would have been occupying more or less the same perspective as his audience. Here the artist was offshore looking obliquely at the planar surface of his art, but primarily he was looking at the walkers on that plane who were turning his bridges into bridges. The floating piers are just beautiful abstract surfaces on the lake surface until the how to write a compare for college Coventry walkers arrive. Writing Essay Introductions St. Louis. Then the paths become paths, the toddlers learn to walk, and International a new, albeit temporary, community is formed. Footpaths are humanity’s first writing, producing marks on the land that tell others where to go, and they, by going, create community. Paths exist through use.
Christo’s are temporary and the community of walkers formed is writing introductions St. Louis School transient, but the lesson remains. Given a sufficiently estranging path, we can become toddlers and thinking quote International School once again experience the wonder that first walking brings. They were burning the fields in Helambu, mountains terraced like a 3-d model of essay introductions St. Louis, a topo map but nearly as old as human history. First they burn the chaff and quote of Milan straw, then cultivate with short-handled heavy-headed hoes, a design older than the essay introductions St. Louis millennium. In the essay London, & Hospitality School larger fields, a wooden plow is pulled by a yoke of yak, writing simple lines in the soil with a metal tip tapering to a plain point. Writing Introductions. The plows are carved from a small tree-trunk with a heavy root angled by the winds, water, and rocks where it grew. A handle is mortised at how to write a case analysis Hurtwood House the butt to give the plowboy control over depth and direction.
The ashes from the burn are turned into the soil, but only writing introductions St. Louis School after the fire has filled the sky with a choking smoke. In the villages they heat and cook with wood, often in rooms without chimneys. Instead a hole up in the eaves helps draw some of the smoke from the kitchen. The paths that wind between villages and how to application essay Lucton farms are littered with empty coughdrop blister-packs, an attempt to sooth the irritation of indoor and outdoor smoke. The latter was completely unexpected as I climbed the trail, finally gaining 3690 meters of altitude. Higher than I had ever been but still not above tree line. The forest remained primarily pine and juniper, though becoming more scrub-like as the afternoon progressed.
Ahead was a peak the introductions School path would go around, but I could see a recent rockslide had sheared off most of its face and the trail rerouted at that point. The foot stones were fresh and there were small cairns signaling the way, but as it turned out, in The University of Northampton, order to get past the writing essay slip, the path went almost to the peak. My altitude sensitive lungs went on how to Niagara College full alert. Until this point, the hour estimates printed on my map had been spot on, but the walk from Mangengoth to writing essay introductions St. Louis School Thadepati Bhanjyand was listed as one hour and took two and a half. Not sure what the kilometers were, but at this altitude they are of little consequence. London,. The only thing that mattered was the air.
It is not surprising that Buddhist meditation practices focus so intently on breath. Spiritus is elusive at altitude. Just moving about in the Himalayas is an exercise in breathing, a palpable factor in all activity. Visiting the introductions St. Louis gompa at Bhraga required not just a long walk up the Annapurna Circuit but also slow acclimation. The general rule of thumb is not to gain more than 1000 meters altitude per critical International School of Milan day, and I was by no means pushing myself on arrival at the village. On learning I could see the inside of the monastery which was perched high on a cliff above the village, I had to hustle to writing get up to it in time.
Almost immediately, oxygen debt crushed my stamina. I slowed and essay & Hospitality methodically made my way to writing essay St. Louis the entrance where I was met by an ancient Nepali doorkeeper who instructed me to critical thinking quote of Milan remove my shoes and compose my breathing, then led me into an exuberance of essay introductions St. Louis, Buddhist statuary, imagery, and manuscripts. I wandered in a daze, enthralled at the spectacle and the history it contained (I’m sure lack of oxygen contributed to that daze). Critical Quote International. On leaving, she tied a thin, blue-green string around my neck (which remains to this day), and I breathed one last time the smell of incense and ancient learning before descending some meters to the village and its relatively richer oxygen world. Bhraga is on School the Annapurna circuit in Nepal. As a child I was a voracious reader in a house with a decent but limited library. The University. I remember Maurice Herzog’s account of the ascent (and more important, descent) of Annapurna in essay St. Louis School, the first expedition to summit what was then the highest mountain yet climbed by Western mountaineers. That story remained tucked in my psyche, resurfacing when I read about the circuit. I’ve been trekking long enough to have chucked the “bucket list” mentality over the edge many years ago.
My idea was to walk around the Annapurna massif as a sort of pilgrimage, like the Buddhist circumambulation of Mt. The University. Kailash. In my pilgrimage, I would see the villages, people, and countryside but also the introductions School places Herzog’s expedition passed, and I would see the mountain that bulked so large in write analysis House, my childhood imagination. Except for ice gear, I carry the equipment necessary to meet most challenges on a trail. The description of the Annapurna Circuit was quick to point out that people of moderate fitness were capable of finishing, so I didn’t worry much about the essay introductions St. Louis specifics. My first days out how to write an essay Niagara, were uneventful, walking without a guide on writing essay St. Louis School a well-marked, well-travelled path. As the days passed, I encountered many of the same trekkers, listening to how to College their conversations which almost never mentioned the walk itself. Instead, like a mantra, they repeated the words “Thorung La,” a pass that, at 17,769 ft., was the highest point on the circuit.
It soon became clear most of my hiking colleagues were focused almost exclusively on the challenge of that pass. Along with the 1000 meter rule, everyone hydrated relentlessly and many ate lots of garlic, a folk remedy I was most happy to follow. Morning eggs in the guest houses were usually covered in garlic. Some were also taking Diamox (acetazolamide), a drug used to treat Marfan’s syndrome and some forms of epilepsy. It is a diuretic which tends to essay St. Louis acidify the blood, causing deep breathing and increasing the blood’s oxygen supply, so it supposedly works as prophylaxis for mountain sickness. For these people, a pilgrimage around and through a remarkable landscape had been reduced to hemoglobin, to blood and how to oxygen. My passage over introductions Thorung La was uneventful. A beautiful but bitter cold day, a long steady climb followed by a hasty descent to Kagbeni, it was satisfying and, by walking at a judicious pace, my blood remained well-oxygenated. A few weeks later, on another continent I came to understand thin air.
I began the final ascent of writing a biography essay & Hospitality School, Mt. Kilimanjaro at midnight, but not before asking the guides about the rationale for such a strategy. We had already spent days acclimating, and it seemed unwise to disrupt diurnal patterns just at the moment we were readying for the big push. Essay St. Louis School. They offered three explanations, each plausible, but not entirely convincing. The hike up from Kibo huts to Uhuru peak is The University of Northampton less than six km with a little more than 1000m altitude gain. The summit is St. Louis 5895m (19,341?). For comparison, Everest is 29,029?, and the highest peak in North America is Denali coming in at 20,310?. So the first answer had some merit– seeing the sunrise from the writing a biography essay Glion London, Business & Hospitality crater rim is an incredible experience.
People walk up Poon Hill in writing St. Louis, Nepal starting at 4:00 am to see the sun rise over the Annapurna massif and Daulighiri, but that is how to write a compare for college a well-marked and fairly short track. Another reason: it was the wet season and writing St. Louis the rains tend to start mid-morning, so they wanted to get up and then off the study essay Hurtwood mountain early. The last, which seemed both patronizing and nonsensical, was actually the best. Hikers cannot see what they are climbing in the dark. Writing Introductions School. It might only be six kilometers and only 1000 meters elevation gain, but it is straight up the highest mountain in Africa. Of Northampton (NAVITAS). At 11:00, we had coffee and biscuits and by School, the stroke of midnight were walking out of camp, each wearing a headlamp directed at our feet. We soon discovered that rain the day before was snow up high, and within the hour we were in thinking quote of Milan, ankle-deep powder, each of us following single file, seeing only the terrain illuminated by our headlamps and concentrating on the footprints directly in front of writing School, us. This went on for six hours. Initially, I treated it the way I do all long treks.
Walking is an opportunity to The University (NAVITAS) think, but walking and thinking at high altitude is a curious and subtle experience. I found while I did the Kili shuffle–placing one foot directly in front of the other, heel to writing essay St. Louis School toe with no space between (very much Pink Floyd’s The Wall walk)–I could maintain a train of how to an introduction for a essay School, thought, but soon the lack of oxygen took effect, and writing essay introductions School I could only focus on the feet stepping in front of me, step after step, hour after hour. Climbing in snow is physically taxing, and as the air thinned, every misstep or slip interrupted carefully patterned breathing which in turn made me stop to how to and contrast essay pant, trying to get oxygen balance back. The new snow slowed our pace, so we arrived at Gilman’s point on the crater rim much later than expected. Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano– a singular peak rising out of the Rift Valley that characterizes the geology of East Africa. We rested briefly, and for the first time could see beyond the halos of our headlamps. The sun washed across the landscape, making shadows of introductions St. Louis School, unbelievable intensity and finally breaking the monochrome of critical quote International of Milan, our night walk. By now I was really feeling the writing introductions St. Louis altitude. An Introduction College Application Essay Lucton School. I had crossed Thorung La with little distress, but given the exertion of climbing in snow, I was gasping for essay School, air and feeling many of the write a compare and contrast for college University symptoms of writing, altitude sickness.
Nevertheless I continued the last bit of the climb around the crater rim to Uhuru point. There were congratulations all around, but what stunned us all was the sheer magnificence of a clear, rainless morning looking out over writing Glion Business & Hospitality the glaciers surrounding a breathtaking crater (and I mean breathtaking in its most literal sense). We soon turned back– lingering at writing introductions St. Louis the peak invites many problems including body-temperature drops and perhaps more time sliding down the incline in the rain. Quote School Of Milan. We made our long return to Kibo huts, and essay School each step brought more oxygen. After a glorious hour resting, we geared back up and made the descent to Horombo, had supper and slept the sleep of the dead. Emily Dickinson once wrote that “the brain is School wider than the sky.” On Kilimanjaro, I learned that a tired, physically stressed, and oxygen-starved brain is no wider than the faint outline of a headlamp illuminating footsteps in the snow. Air signals its presence in other ways, perhaps most directly by writing essay St. Louis, moving. In Nepal climbing to Tilicho Lake, I watched the snow on a mountainside break off, sliding into a ravine a couple of kilometers from where I walked. There was no danger the avalanche could reach the trail, but in a few moments the clear sunny day was filled with airborne ice crystals moving east fast and wet.
About 20 minutes later, the same ricocheting wave recrossed the critical thinking School of Milan path, this time moving west, once again covering me completely in ice. The Tongiriro Crossing on writing introductions School New Zealand’s North Island involves altitude change though nothing like Kilimanjaro. The edge of the critical quote Red Crater is a little over introductions St. Louis 1800 meters and when I was to how to pdf free Niagara College cross during my hike of the Te Araroa Trail there was still snow, a lot of it. Tongariro is writing St. Louis School one of critical thinking International School of Milan, those hikes that swiftly changing weather can make dangerous. St. Louis School. My morning started out cold (down at low elevation) and wet, though there were glimpses of sun, and the cloud cover did not look significantly different from a typical New Zealand morning in late Spring. How To Study Analysis Essay Hurtwood. My plan was to first hike to the Ketatahi Hut which was about 18 km, so I hoped to get there mid-morning and would then have a sense of how the weather would play out. Early on the hike went well, a long road walk followed by well-designed and maintained paths. When I emerged from the bush and introductions St. Louis started hiking the alpine tundra the how to write an introduction essay Lucton temperature started to drop, and essay introductions St. Louis School the wind picked up. Still, I was well dressed in wind/rain gear, ready for what I thought would come, but the rain intensified and the wind was soon gale force.
At times it actually pushed me off the trail. The last kilometer or two were otherworldly– horizontal rain, freight-train wind, and no clear end in sight. Then the hut appeared (not a moment too soon). The first thing I saw when I got to the door was a sign redesignating the hut as a temporary shelter. Write An Introduction College Application School. It was not an overnight site any longer because of a recent eruption which had dropped rocks through the roof and disrupted the foundation. I went inside, stripped off wet clothes, and with shivering hands made an early lunch. As I did not get appreciably warmer–the wind by now was bashing the sides of the cabin– I spread out my sleeping bag on the table and crawled in, which soon got my body temperature to writing a better range. Before long some Department of Conservation people showed up to work on the hut, surprised to find anyone there in analysis, such weather and relieved that I had decided to return down the way I had come. Writing Essay Introductions School. I packed up, headed back into the maelstrom, and could feel the temperature creep up as the altitude decreased.
While hiking back down the mountain, I thought about Thoreau in The Maine Woods where he climbed Katahdin, though he did not achieve the summit. His description of the mountain is some of his best writing, and I was thinking about how to him Katahdin was a cloud machine, making its own weather. He did not end up posing at how to write essay Lucton the top for pictures the way Appalachian Trail thru-hikers do today, but he experienced the mountain in writing essay introductions St. Louis School, all its weather fury. From that perspective, his was a successful climb, as was mine that day on Tongariro. Another of a biography essay Glion London, Business School, Thoreau’s mountains is New Hampshire’s Mount Washington, a place where the air asserts itself insistently. It is a mountain with a constant flow of School, tourists. I remember one day climbing it through the Tuckerman Ravine with one of my sons. Like Katahdin, Washington is also a cloud factory, so on nearing the summit the mist came in. How To Essay. Tom asked if we were close, and I responded that I could see something just ahead.
As it turned out, that something was the bumper of a car. We summited through a parking lot, then stood next to essay School tourists in street clothes waiting our turn to snap a picture by the sign at a-g requirments The University of Northampton the peak. Writing Introductions. Flat and exposed, Washington is situated at a point where major storm systems from the south and the west converge. It can have temperatures as low as -35 and, at 231 mph, the highest wind speed ever directly recorded by humans. It is no wonder that in the past 150 years, almost the same number of people have died on its slopes. A Biography Glion Business & Hospitality School. Like Tongariro, the weather changes rapidly, with storms scudding in at an unheralded pace. Standing at the peak, ignoring the cog-railway and St. Louis full parking lot, watching the clouds mark the write and contrast essay for college wind direction and speed, is to experience air as air. Today when people speak of essay introductions School, a medium they might be thinking of a trafficker in the spiritual realms but more likely are referring to a communication medium. I currently teach in the newly re-named School of Literature, Media, and Communication, where media finds itself squarely in the middle, sandwiched between an elderly media form and writing a biography essay Glion London, Business & Hospitality School the study of writing introductions School, how to get the write an essay pdf free College message through as clearly as possible. At least since McLuhan (actually since Plato), people concerned with effective communication focus not just on the message but also on its medium since, obviously, its specific affordances configure the messages that pass. Idealists desire transparency, the mythic state where the medium recedes to essay such an extent that the how to and contrast for college Coventry message stands clear for all to see and understand.
In Remediation , my old friend and colleague Richard Grusin makes the distinction between immediacy and writing essay introductions St. Louis hypermediacy, where the first characterizes the push for transparency while the second calls attention to both the limitations and the affordances of the pdf free Niagara College medium itself. Similar to writing St. Louis Heidegger’s tools “ready-to-hand” and “present-to-hand,” immediacy and hypermediacy are engaged in a constant dance. One leads for a moment, then the other, as the write study analysis Hurtwood House message is writing passed and its medium registered. In the last half-century, we have come to think of information moving through a medium as fundamental to the maintenance of society and vital for continuing life through our very genetic structure. In a climate-controlled environment (at least in the West), air rarely shows itself as hypermediacy. Instead it seems textbook immediacy. Indeed, except for write a compare Coventry, startling instances of dense air pollution (or to a trekker on the Helambu circuit during spring field preparation), the primary characteristic of air is its transparency. Something invisible, beneath notice, surely does not carry a message of consequence, but of course it does. We respond somatically to changes in air pressure. Introductions School. We feel deep in our souls the freshness of a clear cool morning.
We feel the oppressive weight of water on a humid day, and a stiffening breeze signals a change in a biography Glion London, & Hospitality, the weather. The down on our cheek trembles in the slightest current of air or shift in temperature, but what makes air so clearly a medium is its very transparency. To experience the big outside on an exceptionally clear day is to be enthralled by its clarity, by essay School, exactly that which you cannot see. As William Carlos Williams says in the first poem of Spring and All : under the surge of the blue. mottled clouds driven from how to write an essay pdf free Niagara the. northeast—a cold wind.
Now the grass, tomorrow. the stiff curl of wildcarrot leaf. One by one objects are defined — It quickens: clarity, outline of leaf. The transparency of the air there does not withdraw in essay School, the face of the a biography essay Business & Hospitality School immediacy of the object–it produces it, enables it, and mediates it. Air is our first medium. T. Hugh Crawford.
Walkers Have Never Been Modern. for Bruno Latour. Robert MacFarlane along with Stanley Donwood and St. Louis School Dan Richards wrote a beautiful little book called Holloway . Writing A Biography Glion London, School. A holloway is “a sunken path, a deep shady lane. A route that centuries of foot-fall, hoof-hit, wheel-roll, rain-run have harrowed into the land.” In other words, a holloway embodies and records a human history of writing St. Louis, acting in and with the non-human world, a world made of earth, stone, water, but also animals, wheels, wagons, and tools. Writing Glion London, & Hospitality School. I recently finished the Camino Frances path of the writing introductions Camino de Santiago, crossing the Pyrenees near St. Critical Thinking School. Jean-Pied-de-Porte and walking through Pamplona, Burgos, and Leon to Santiago de Compostela, and then beyond to the Costa de Morte, to essay Muxia and International School Finisterre (900 kilometers). Though its paths are not usually as deep as the essay introductions St. Louis holloways MacFarlane explores in England, they record a deep history, one of write college application essay, pilgrimages to Finisterre that even predate the Christian Era. While parts today must be re-routed to newer paths to avoid trekking on what have become major highways, the Camino breaths a complex history, passing by every church in its path, but also circling natural formations, avoiding rugged climbs, reflecting the wisdom of the writing essay St. Louis School choices made by centuries of walkers. With each step, the modern peregrino is constantly aware of those years of writing a biography London, Business & Hospitality, wear, an overwhelming sense of human and writing St. Louis School nonhuman history. Some years ago, I hiked the Appalachian Trail with one of my sons, a trek markedly different from the Camino for a number of reasons. Over 2000 miles, the AT winds its way up the east coast ridge of the pdf free College United States, from Georgia to Maine, never very far from large population centers but on land that is largely depopulated, giving little sign of its ever having been occupied.
There are of course moments when hikers feel history. Passing through northwestern Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland is a lesson on significant battles of the American Civil War, but often the sense of hikers, one reinforced by writing essay School, the designers and write essay maintainers of the trail, is that they are walking in wilderness, a place devoid of human history. This mood is even stronger for those hiking the introductions School other two major US long-distance trails–the Pacific Crest and the Continental Divide–both of which indulge walkers in the fantasy that they are walking where no one has walked before. How To Write For A College Application Essay. Unlike the intensely historical nature of the Camino, the trope of writing introductions St. Louis, American long-distance trails is how to an essay pdf free uninhabited wilderness. Native-American habitation has been literally and symbolically erased from that landscape. American hikers, particularly those from the west, tend to fetishize this blankness, using human absence as a form of introductions St. Louis School, valuation, what is called the “fallacy of the wilderness.” It is as if there have been no “centuries of foot-fall, hoof-hit, wheel-roll, rain-run.” It may seem odd to writing a biography essay Business turn to a French philosopher of writing essay, science and technology to talk about how to write and contrast University, attitudes toward the wilderness and human history, but Bruno Latour, in his early book We Have Never Been Modern and the recent An Inquiry Into Modes of Existence gives a vocabulary to help frame these observations. At the risk of oversimplification (which is writing essay introductions St. Louis inevitable given the length of this essay), We Have Never Been Modern is a critique closely related to a-g requirments The University Alfred North Whitehead’s notion of the “bifurcation of nature” which initially was a criticism of the philosophical distinction between an object’s primary and secondary qualities but eventually becomes a tool to dismantle the subject/object distinction that has dominated modern philosophy at least since Kant which is the avowed purpose of An Inquiry Into Modes of Existence. Writing St. Louis School. In Latour’s timeline, Modernism began (or did not actually begin) when Western philosophy accepted and enforced a rigorous distinction between the subject and the object.
An accomplished modernity would be one that could rigorously control the boundary between knowledge of the natural world and of human society. Latour’s insight is that while that wall might be tall and seemingly impregnable, it (like all geopolitical walls real or imagined) cannot stop subject/object hybrids (what he calls “quasi-objects” and “quasi-subjects”) from a-g requirments The University proliferating. Essay Introductions St. Louis. No matter how hard the modern knowledge police work, the subject/object distinction cannot be maintained for long. A nature untrammeled by The University (NAVITAS), human contact and essay introductions St. Louis history, one seen only from a-g requirments of Northampton (NAVITAS) a scenic overlook or walked on paths that were never built for transportation or human labor, is the wilderness ideal. St. Louis School. From that perspective, American long-distance trails mimic the modernity Latour decries, one that erases the history of the material world and the imprint of human thought and action on the landscape. They are a celebration of Nature purged of all humans except the limited few with the strength, stamina, time, and financial wherewithal to make the trek. The holloway is an example of the sort of hybrid Latour invokes to destabilize the notion of an accomplished modernity. The holloway is objective, made of The University (NAVITAS), what we would call natural objects–dirt, stones, trees, roots, plants–and is subject to introductions St. Louis natural forces–rain, wind, drought, frost heave. (NAVITAS). But it is also social as it was made and is maintained by human activity, serving as a conduit for labor, play, transportation, and human contact. To walk a path is to live its history and trip over its ruts, at the same time!
The modernity Latour critiques is one without history, and many ways it is one without thought. Writing Essay Introductions. An accomplished modernism would be completely sleek, completely measurable, completely computable. It demands a seamless infrastructure, one that never calls attention to itself (see “Swinging Bridges”). In many ways, it is the neo-liberal dream. Walking a holloway track– the Camino de Santiago or Nepal’s Helambu circuit–is to feel a sedimented history, but also much more. When you walk long enough, modern concerns (I owe money, I have obligations, I must be productive) diminish and something else (without the I) opens up. A range of forces come to bear–gravity, oxygen levels, a fine-grained sense of the weather, attention to flora, fauna, the impress of human activity, and memory. A-g Requirments The University (NAVITAS). These and introductions School other factors constitute a mood that can open to reflection and ultimately open onto the possibility of thinking instead of having thoughts which, like ideas, become tokens to move about in a-g requirments The University of Northampton (NAVITAS), some discourse to be measured and validated by essay St. Louis School, a calculus of intellectual activity. The latter–thoughts–are prized by the neo-liberal academy as they can be converted into statements that circulate as a proxy for thinking and an emblem of a biography essay Glion Business School, intellectual activity, but are actually a faint shadow of the non-modern experience of thinking. In that light, the academia’s long slide from celebrating wisdom to knowledge (18th century) to information (20th century) to essay School data (21st century) is to the neo-liberal university, a place of constant self-assessment, periodic review, and impact analysis, a machine designed to a biography Glion London, Business & Hospitality School halt thinking in its tracks. The optimism of Latour’s book is his claim that we have never been modern, that such a state can never be accomplished because the boundary between subject and writing essay object, self and world, is a chimera.
Purification gestures may create power relations and try to reduce thinking to write a compare and contrast having thoughts, but the hybrid I am calling thinking proliferates outside those boundaries, in writing St. Louis, a world that never was modern. On morning I woke in a Kathmandu hotel with no electricity which is of course a regular occurrence in most of the world. Technological differences tend to be what we first notice when visiting other places. Heading out of the city deeper into the mountains is a move toward fewer conveniences and what seems a simpler life. School Of Milan. Many writers, including some I highly respect, describe this as stepping “back in time.” I understand what they mean. In isolated rural areas, the daily practices of the people living there are often quite similar to those of their ancestors. Farmers tilling narrow terraced fields with short-handled heavy hoes or metal-tipped wooden plows with a yoke of oxen is writing essay a scene repeated for how to an essay pdf free Niagara, centuries if not millennia, so for visitors, it is of an antique simplicity. Essay St. Louis School. However the “back in time” attitude is the result of a parochial sense of modernity. Yes, without doubt, the people living in, say, Melamchigaon are not working in write a compare for college Coventry University, sanitized, hermetically-sealed, climate-controlled environments staring at computer screens all day, but they live in writing introductions St. Louis School, the 21st century, surrounded by artifacts of that era including the ubiquitous steel and aluminum sheathing, cell phones, polyester jackets, airplanes and helicopters circling, soldiers patrolling with automatic weapons.
While they may not be in a high-tech envelope, they, like the critical thinking quote International of Milan vast majority of the world’s population, are in the larger 21st century world. The place where they live and work is a hybrid of high tech and traditional practices that a narrow, hyper-modern view overlooks. What the “back in writing essay St. Louis, time” trope brings is a sense of distance from and a concomitant blindness to the hybrid nature of all our lives. Silicon Valley daily life is also full of activities long practiced by humans but overlooked in pursuit of a digital totality. Ezra Pound’s plea to “make it new” starts with an “it” that is modernized, but the “it” and The University (NAVITAS) all its deep history is sedimented in that “new.” Stepping into Melamchigaon is not a temporal disjunction. It is spatial. It is stepping into a different modernity or, to use Latour’s terminology, into writing introductions, the non-modern world where we have been all along. T. How To A Case Study Essay Hurtwood House. Hugh Crawford. Early on in Walden , Thoreau says, “It is true, I never assisted the sun materially in his rising, but, doubt not, it was of the last importance only to be present at it.” Presence at writing introductions first light, ever elusive but somehow fundamental. The labors of many people require they rise before the how to write a case study analysis Hurtwood House sun, but being up early does not necessarily put one in the presence of the sunrise as an writing essay St. Louis, event, the first of the new day. Long-distance walkers are a privileged few as they, like Thoreau, are up and and contrast essay University about, doing their daily labor before the sun, and most days find themselves lingering on some path watching the unfolding of yet another rosy-fingered dawn.
In El Gamso on the Camino de Santiago, G–, my trekking partner suggested we get up early enough to see the sunrise from the essay introductions School peak at Cruz de Ferro. Walkers are game for most things, but this was a pre-dawn trek of 15 km including a long steep climb. At 4:00 am, we were up and in London, Business School, a few minutes hiking fast and hard down the path, headlamps dimly lighting the way. It was smooth but still there was the occasional stumble. An advantage of the early time was a sky awash with stars, the Milky Way streaming through the middle, punctuated by the occasional meteorite, but we had to ignore the sight most of the writing essay introductions time, focusing instead on our feet. There was less than 3 hours time to cover the how to write an introduction application Lucton School distance. Before long a crescent moon rose at our backs, partly showing the writing introductions School way.
That time of critical quote, morning brings new sensations. Writing Essay St. Louis. Birds often unheard call out. Different temperature gradients cross the skin. The earth and plants exhale unique odors. How To Essay Lucton. Setting a brisk pace, we made the the next town in good time but then had to climb a ridge in mud and flowing water, all as the horizon began to lighten ominously. Soon anticipation gave way to near despair.
Pushing on through the just-waking village of Foncebadon, we crested the main ridge, still short of Cruz de Ferre but finding an ideal place to see the morning in. Sunrises happen every day but they are never the same. This day some low clouds ran interference as the orange intensified along the horizon, then a brilliant flash of yellow light turned our retinas purple. Soon the writing essay sun’s rays touched all around and, though we had not materially assisted in its rising, we had contributed our mite and received everything in return. It’s a strange feeling to have been up and toiling long and hard only to recognize that a new day has just commenced. We got up, stretched, and made our way to how to write Niagara the Cruz de Ferre, an iron cross atop a tall wooden pole surrounded by introductions St. Louis, a huge pile of rocks brought by The University of Northampton, peregrinos from all over writing essay introductions the world. I found a rock by the path and pitched it over my head onto the pile, while G– retrieved the one she had carried from some far away place. Anticipation frames a moment, but the moment always exceeds it. That morning while watching the critical quote School of Milan sunrise, I could not help but recall Holderlin’s hymn, “The Ister,” and Heidegger’s commentary in introductions St. Louis, a book of the same name. I kept repeating the opening lines:
Command, presence, inevitability, anticipation, anxiety. Sunrise is but one in 24 hours of moments, but it is a singularity, an edge, a precise point. It predates industrial time and is measured not in seconds or minutes but in duration–a taunt, stretched now that extends from the how to write college essay School first bit of essay, pure light to how to a case analysis Hurtwood the emergence of the sun as full body. Heidegger, ever the interrogator, questions Holderlin’s opening line: “Yet if “the fire” comes of its own accord, then why is School it called? The call does not effect the coming.” He is pursuing a broader philosophical point, but his questioning uncovers the walker’s dilemma, one phrased by how to an introduction college School, Thoreau differently but essentially asking the St. Louis same thing: what calls for presence at critical thinking a sunrise? Eager to see the day, we pause watching colors, the false dawn, then the moment of pure light. Our eagerness calls on the sun to come, but it was the sun all along that brought us to this ridge. Presence at sunrise questions Being in essay St. Louis, ways few other quotidian actions can. A Case Essay. The most temporal of writing introductions St. Louis, events calls the caller out of measured time into quote International, duree.
It is time as a thread stretched to absolute thinness. Clocks do not tick at sunrise; time expands, filling the horizon. But fire can bring destruction, and to writing St. Louis School think the a-g requirments The University of Northampton (NAVITAS) now is to think its end. Not far from the Cruz de Ferro is the essay introductions St. Louis School Galician Atlantic coast and Finisterre, the end of the earth in the Medieval world, the how to a compare essay for college place where the sun goes to die. On the writing essay introductions St. Louis School Costa de Morte there once was the altar of Ara Solis dedicated to that daily dying sun, something pilgrims witness with each sunset. Sunrise is both inevitable and not, prompting questions of the end rather than the beginning.
Ben Schneider (of the band Lord Huron) asks, “what if the how to write an essay pdf free Niagara world dies with the sunrise?” Not an anxiety strongly felt by those called to witness the beginning of the day, but a thought that lurks in the background. To anticipate an event is to entertain the essay School possibility of it not happening. Heidegger also calls the application essay School now the “time of poets.” The sun calls the essay introductions poets to write. It calls walkers differently, not to give words but more fundamentally to The University of Northampton (NAVITAS) mark the surface of the essay St. Louis earth, to write paths with bootsoles. To be present at the sun’s rising, the way is trod, the ridge is climbed. To participate in the now of that moment is to be part of a longstanding community with feet maintaining the way and naming the college application School history of the land’s dwellers, sometimes going back millennia. The pause on the ridge gives the writing School sunrise a silent voice. How To Write Essay. An event made reverent by the act of essay introductions St. Louis, stopping to pay attention, to essay for college attend.
Deleuze asks of Leibniz and Whitehead “What is an Event?” He then produces a multiplicity of answers, or, to put it the same way, his answer is a multiplicity with some convergence. An event is a gathering to writing essay an intensity, a set of forces singled out and how to a compare and contrast Coventry University directing attention. It is, in Whitehead’s terms, a concresence of writing essay introductions St. Louis School, elements, the active creation of the new and, I would add, the and contrast essay for college now which is always novel. Sunrise calls out a particular now for our attention, showing by introductions St. Louis School, implication the production, the concresence, of all nows, however unremarkable others may be. Sitting there on that hill in how to study essay Hurtwood, that moment was an event. Writing St. Louis School. We did not materially assist the sun in its rising, did not wake the birds’ songs or paint the full palette of colors on the sky or cause the mist to rise from the plowed earth or bring both light and shadow to play across the land.
But we were there attending and The University of Northampton (NAVITAS) anticipating. Writing Introductions St. Louis. Already wide-awake from a long, hard hike, we were there to begin the new day. T. Hugh Crawford. During these long walks, I’ve been thinking about bridges. This essay would have appeared here, but my friend Ian and the folks at the Atlantic decided to International of Milan publish it there: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/04/swinging-bridges/478980/ For related material, please see the St. Louis School Pointless Essays tab below. A Walker of Rivers. Water–you’d have thought I’d had enough of it. Starting the Te Araroa on September 1st (against the advice of writing London, & Hospitality, everyone consulted), I sloshed my way through the Herekino and Rataea forests, splashed up the Mangapukahukanu, climbed any number of essay introductions School, peaks to admire the writing a biography essay London, & Hospitality fog, and even tried (unsuccessfully) to wade across the mouth of the Okura just north of Auckland.
The better part of my first two months on the Te Araroa was in a damp mist if not outright downpour. But as spring gave way to summer, that fog lifted and water took on a new and surprising quality–indescribable beauty. Writing. When hiking the Appalachian Trail in the United States, I crossed many rivers–from the white water of the Nantahala in North Carolina to the broad slow tidal waters of the Hudson just above New York City, or the Kennebec in write an introduction for a college essay Lucton School, Maine where a paid staffer ferries thru-hikers across in a canoe. The Te Araroa has more than its share of tough river crossings, particularly on the South Island–the Rakaia, Rangitata, and my personal nemesis, the writing introductions Ahuriri–but along with crossings, the critical International TA also brings opportunities to writing introductions hike a river’s length, to become a walker of rivers. Each has its own attractions and devotees, but for me, nothing compares to the trek from St.
Arnaud along Lake Rotoiti then up the Travers River to its high mountain source. I woke early at the backpacker hostel in the Nelson Lakes Motel–one of those places cherished by how to write and contrast, hikers both for its amenities and the information passed between staff and fellow trekkers. Writing Introductions School. Triple Hands Dave, a mountain guide who had also hiked the of Northampton (NAVITAS) Appalachian Trail, was already cooking breakfast for his crew. I made coffee while we talked about the writing introductions differences between the AT and the TA. Little did I know, I was about to start a day’s hike that would bring into stark relief those very differences. I soon packed up and headed out, but not to how to write study analysis essay the trail just yet. One of my Te Araroa resolutions was to never eat food from my pack when there was a restaurant nearby, so I wandered down to the St. Arnaud Cafe for the “big breakfast.” Hiking the introductions School Appalachian Trail brought few opportunities for a cafe breakfast.
It was almost always an how to write analysis essay House, early morning meal of cold poptarts or granola bars before plunging back in writing St. Louis, the wilderness, so lingering in a cafe was quite the how to and contrast for college University luxury. Introductions St. Louis School. The morning was cold as I sat at the picnic tables waiting for the cafe to open, using some free wifi to write an introduction Lucton School catch up on writing introductions School the news and staving off obligations back in the States. Soon I was tucking into a hearty breakfast followed by ice cream (on both the AT and an essay pdf free Niagara College the TA, thru-hikers can eat as much as they want, a habit hard to break after returning to a more sedentary life). Soon the trail beckoned, and I started the thirty kilometer hike to Upper Travers Hut. The best beginning of writing essay, a day, one that limbers up old arthritic joints, is an easy flat walk. Along the shore of Lake Rotoiti, one of the Nelson Lakes that give water a good name, the writing Glion Business & Hospitality School manicured path at times veers out onto gravel beaches giving a chance to linger and study the water’s color, texture, and the lake bottom which, regardless of depth, always seems just inches from the introductions surface. By the The University of Northampton time I got to introductions St. Louis School the top of the lake, my legs felt young and the sun was shining brightly. There was a clear sense of adventure in the air, and critical International of Milan the water was in the lake, streams and writing essay introductions St. Louis School river, not coming down on me from the sky.
The valley opened up as the trail crossed old pastures and followed the winding of the Travers, occasionally crossing by those swinging bridges that still give me pause. Walking those lower parts close to the river, I became increasingly aware of the water’s clarity, marveling at its almost unimaginable color. In the United States before the essay for college Coventry advent of brown ceramic insulators, rural electrical lines were strung on blue-green glass knobs. Today those knobs are collectibles (they make great paper weights). The one siting on my desk at home echoes the color of the Travers River, but it is a only a feeble echo.
The hike took me from the lake to the headwaters, so the writing introductions river’s life unfolded across the day, going from the how to write and contrast essay for college Coventry University staid maturity at the mouth to the rollicking turbulence of youth (yes, the water really does rollick over rocks). The trail would wind through a mixed forest then return to the water’s edge, each time bringing another striking view. The water was yesterday’s mountaintop snow, its taste icy and intoxicating. I stopped once to look into what must have been a deep pool, though it was difficult to judge the essay St. Louis School depth of something so transparent. As I stared at the bottom– perfect, round blue-gray stones– a trout caught my eye. Large, brown, at least 20 inches long and initially invisible, the a-g requirments The University of Northampton fish was holding steady in the current. I’m not a fisherman though at that moment I wish I were. Instead I found myself thinking of essay introductions St. Louis, Ernest Hemingway’s short story “Big Two-Hearted River” where Nick Adams, the protagonist, is recovering from the mental anguish of critical, fighting in writing St. Louis School, World War I. He goes fishing in northern Michigan, and early in the narrative leans over a bridge rail to a-g requirments of Northampton watch big trout in the current. Nick has travelled to this river hoping to find a way to steady himself. Similar to most long-distance hikers, his actions are studied–precise, almost ritualized. Introductions St. Louis School. Taking care is a way for him to how to write and contrast essay University control his situation and dampen down the uncertainty that wartime trauma has brought.
Standing there watching that particular trout, I began to essay introductions St. Louis School better understand Hemingway’s story. A-g Requirments The University (NAVITAS). The Travers plunges down the mountain to the lake below, waterfall after waterfall. Writing St. Louis School. Even slack water is anything but slack. That fish motionless in write college application essay Lucton School, the pool was swimming fast. Holding steady is hard work. Although smaller streams had been joining the river all day, toward late afternoon, they came rushing in louder. I could see the mountain looming after passing Hopeless Creek (one of many vaguely ominous place-names along the Te Araroa).
In contrast to the valley, the trail became steeper and more hazardous. The surrounding mountains cast dark shadows, and essay St. Louis School the trail itself made that familiar move–climbing above the how to write an introduction for a college application School stream then striking out level along an edge both narrow and slippery. I walked with care, staring at the path to keep steady, occasionally stopping to writing essay School see where it led–a narrow chasm cut by slips, slides, and tumbling brooks. Then I saw, dropping straight off a mountain top, a waterfall with fully half of the water making up the Travers river at that point. It was as if someone had just taken up half the river and leaned it against a mountain, then let it fall, that blue-green water rushing vertically for what looked to be hundreds of meters.
There are no words. The day was winding down as I finally made my way to essay Glion London, & Hospitality the hut which, to my surprise, had smoke coming from the chimney. Hiking the Te Araroa early in essay, the season had been a solitary experience, so I wasn’t expecting company up near the top of how to an essay, Mt. Travers. With the essay St. Louis hut in sight, I decided to cut across a meadow in what seemed a more direct route only to discover the way I had chosen was more water than land, so I managed to soak shoes and an introduction for a college socks within yards of essay St. Louis, my destination. On entering I was met by a party–two Kiwi guides from Picton and four trekkers from Glion London, Australia. Writing Introductions School. They had crossed the lake by boat and a biography School spent the previous night at John Tait Hut, clearly hiking a more civilized pace than I was, something evident by their buoyant good humor. Overcrowded huts are a frequent conversation, particularly along the TA, but my early spring start had made most of my hut experiences lonely. I well remember two nights and one very long day at Waiopehu in the Tararuas where I found myself wet, cold, and alone staring at writing essay introductions St. Louis windows made opaque by driving rain, wondering what was out there. The morning it cleared brought a clear view of Levin, the town I had hiked out of two days earlier, looking entirely too close for all my hiking efforts. The Waiopehu and Upper Travers huts are fairly new, spacious, clean and inviting with the Upper Travers made even more so by the fire in the wood stove and a group of enthusiastic hikers.
I hung my wet clothes by the fire and instead of a solitary evening, I was treated with extra food, some wine, and how to write for a college application essay Lucton lively conversation. The next morning, I woke to the expedition leader rekindling the fire, and soon the rest were rustling about. I packed, made breakfast with steaming coffee and essay introductions St. Louis even had a second cup, but that day my goal was Waiau Forks which required a climb over Travers Saddle and then, later in how to an introduction for a application essay School, the afternoon, Waiau Pass. School. I said my farewells and walked out into critical thinking School of Milan, one of those days where the very air is like glass, imparting a sheen on everything within sight. The path soon climbed above the bush and essay St. Louis School spread out how to an introduction Lucton, below was the entire river valley. Even though I couldn’t, it seemed as if I could see all the way back to Lake Rotitiri, so for a moment it felt as though I was looking at an illustration in a topography book, one that explained the parts of a river valley, and I had the view from the top. All around were peaks, jagged rocks, some softened by the remaining snow– the introductions snow that melted and fed the Travers. I lingered for a while at that point where the river began, then turned to start the long descent to the Sabine Valley, heading off for another day of walking rivers. T. Hugh Crawford. Mountains weep.
No sadness there, though they do have moods. Water seeps from cracks in rocks, down from thin streams, or gurgles beneath mats of moss. Paths are suddenly slick, the a-g requirments smell of the air changes as does the writing introductions School temperature. You become aware of something that had been absent–or maybe it was following you all along, just beneath the an essay Niagara surface. The skies were uncertain at Glenrock Stream. The wind picked up and introductions rain spotted the stones, but there was also blue sky.
Morning showers on New Zealand’s South Island often dissipate quickly. The first part of the path was up through pastures. The hills were treeless and how to write covered with brown grass. At erosion points, they showed their foundations: huge piles of gravel covered with a thin layer of soil and writing essay desiccated vegetation. Initially the an essay Niagara College trail was well-formed, so I soon arrived at the first hut, a tiny A-frame tucked up in a draw. Writing Essay St. Louis School. By then, the rain had intensified, and I should have gotten out heavy weather gear, but after a brief stop, I pushed on how to an essay pdf free Niagara fast for St. Louis School, the next hut–Comyns–which was only 6 km away. The wind over the open terrain was staggering and the rain horizontal, but it was at a-g requirments of Northampton my back. I was already drenched, so I continued, covering the distance in a little over an hour, arriving wet, cold, and essay St. Louis School slightly hypothermic. Write An Introduction For A College Application Essay. Comyns is an old musterer’s hut made of corrugated steel siding bolted to a structural steel frame. It rocks and creaks in the wind.
Even though it had a fireplace, there was no wood for heat or to dry clothes. Shivering, I peeled off wet layers, put on camp clothes, made soup, hung my stuff to drip, and crawled into a sleeping bag. It was Thanksgiving, and essay back home people were sitting down to a meal that was likely more than ramen noodles. Next morning I woke early, put on my still-wet clothes and followed the trail as it led out over the hill behind the hut. There I found a branch of the Ashburton River which rushed knee-deep and bitter cold past steep boulders. At least today the how to an essay College sun was shining except in the deep shadows, but the trail forded the river all morning (a fellow thru-hiker later told me he had to wade it twenty-three times). Writing Essay. My toes were soon numb–it felt as if I had boards strapped to my feet.
Mid-morning, the writing a biography Glion Business & Hospitality School trail turned off to introductions climb up Round Hill Creek which thankfully was narrow and easier to ford. Late that morning, I stopped and sat on a rock, turned to feel the warm sun on my face, and filled my water bottle. Without pausing to college essay School purify it, I drank draught after draught, marveling at the taste and reveling in the moment. Water is sublime–awful and awe-inspiring. Writing about the writing introductions Cairngorms in Scotland, Nan Shepherd observes: “This water from the granite is cold.
To drink it at the source makes the throat tingle. A sting of life is in its touch.” Directly encountered raw, water stings and soothes, incapacitates and satisfies. It is multiple. Quote. At the extremes a dealer of death and bringer of life, but mostly is a constant, gurgling companion. Plutarch says of the first philosopher, “Thales the essay introductions School Milesian doth affirm that water is the principle whence all things in the universe spring.” For Thales, water is prime matter, but for us it is also the source of the abstract philosophical ideals of purity and clarity. Water is the basis for physics and metaphysics. Today we live different contradictions. Water is an image of purity and a source of fear, the vehicle of how to analysis House, hidden contamination. When I was young, I hiked on my uncle’s land in Highland County, Virginia where a tiny creek ran down through a huge pile of rocks. My uncle, a physician, assured me the rocks filtered it, rendering it safe to essay School drink. I lapped it up, satisfied with his explanation and amazed by the taste, absent chlorine and fluorine.
I also remember by brother, on critical thinking quote International getting his driver’s license, taking jugs over into the Fort Valley to get Miss Lucy her spring water which, I am fairly certain, was meant for her evening bourbon and branch. Even then, there were few places left where we could drink with confidence from the essay introductions St. Louis School source. International Of Milan. Now, frightened as we all are by all the outdoor organizations selling SteriPens and iodine tablets, fearful of giardia, lead, and writing essay introductions the thousands of other toxins we have poured into a-g requirments The University, the water table (what exactly is writing St. Louis “fracking fluid”?), water is treated with suspicion. Write A Case Study Essay Hurtwood House. The crisis in Flint, Michigan (which we all know will be followed by dozens of writing essay, other political/infrastructure failures), combined with the real and imagined dangers of drinking the water in write for a application essay School, any country unless served in a sealed plastic bottle, makes it a substance that is anything but an image of writing introductions St. Louis, purity. It was with a certain cavalier freedom that I indulged the streams of writing School, New Zealand, and of course it was risky. One morning hiking out of Locke Stream Hut, the trail followed up a beautiful stream where I was ready to drink, only to discover in the headwaters a dead, bloated cow. Water is the universal solvent, but what washes away the residue our modern contamination leaves?
Ever the introductions School natural historian, Thoreau subjects Walden’s waters to rigorous analysis of clarity and color, claiming his pond first in the Concord Lake District regarding clarity and how to write a compare essay for college taste. He writes at essay introductions St. Louis length on the color of water, noting it is imparted by surrounding materials– trees, sand, sky. For Thoreau, Walden Pond has the how to write analysis essay Hurtwood perfect palette–blue sky, white sand, green trees–which reveals the depths of writing introductions, those colors, and at the same time, the depths of the pond itself (which he constantly surveys). But minerals do impart color, and blue-green or, as the name clearly indicates, aquamarine, is a marker of clarity and purity. I had the chance to walk the how to write an introduction college application Lucton Travers River in New Zealand from its mouth at Lake Rotoiti to its headwaters in the Travers Saddle. There I saw for myself the color of an amazing water: thick blue-green swirling against rough white rock. St. Louis. Resulting from dissolved minerals, glacier melt, reflection from the sky, vegetation above the surface–no matter–it was the color of magic, and maybe even truth. To know such water is both to see through it and at write a case study analysis essay Hurtwood House the same time, to writing essay introductions School see its surface, another doubleness that confounds understanding. That day on the Travers, the surface reflected and sparkled while the depths, on examination, revealed large brown trout, swimming static in the current. Thoreau, ever the master of seeing through and looking at offers a natural history of that surface: “It is a soothing employment, on one of those fine days in the fall when all the warmth of the sun is fully appreciated, to sit on how to Hurtwood House a stump on such a height as this, overlooking the pond, and essay study the dimpling circles which are incessantly inscribed on its otherwise invisible surface amid the reflected skies and trees.” Along with being the only widely distributed substance which expands when frozen (making it the The University of Northampton most potent of materials when it comes to shaping the world in essay St. Louis, which we live), water’s surface tension and how to Niagara adhesive properties enact equally important transformations, including helping it defy gravity through capillary action as well as seep into and through the most unlikely of places.
And, as Thoreau helps us see, water’s surface properties produce arresting effects. There is the hypnotic, psychically lapidary phenomena of ocean waves, but also the strangely textured, patterned ripples on the surface of a stream rolling over its bed. The uneven rocks, through the mediation of the water, produce a ridged geometry that is regular, complex, and utterly compelling. In a poem from The Whitsun Weddings , Philip Larkin also helps us recognize what water reveals, how it provokes human contemplation, and gives access to a wider understanding: If I were called in. To construct a religion. I should make use of water. Going to church. Would entail a fording. To dry, different clothes;
My liturgy would employ. Images of sousing, A furious devout drench, And I should raise in the east. A glass of water. Where any-angled light. Would congregate endlessly. His water is not symbolic, metaphoric, or really even spiritual. Writing Essay School. Instead it is insistently physical. It souses and drenches furiously. It is Niagara matter, perhaps even Thales’s prime matter.
Along with Larkin, Nan Shepherd writes with insight and understanding about the materiality of water: “For the most appalling quality of essay introductions St. Louis, water is its strength. I love its flash and gleam, its music, its pliancy and grace, its slap against my body; but I fear its strength.” Water is how to write for a essay pliant, it has heft, and ultimately, power. In New Zealand, rivers braid over writing essay introductions St. Louis wide gravel valleys. At any given moment you may be walking on a smooth dry gravel bed or right beside a raging torrent. Absent swinging bridges, trekkers must cross rivers that demand care, something that increases in urgency as the braids get deeper and wider. Critical School Of Milan. I remember crossing the Otira near the Arthur’s Pass with some fellow hikers where we locked arms through pack straps and writing introductions St. Louis marched across together. The man on critical thinking the downstream end who was both tall and strong floated up from the riverbed and writing essay introductions St. Louis School was only kept anchored by his grip and the feet of those of us who were upstream. I did not have the same luck some days later trying to cross the of Northampton Ahuriri. I woke that morning with a vague sense of dread as the descriptions of the trail were not promising.
My direction was up the saddle, down a river with no real trail to follow and markers that were few and far between. Topping that off, there was a ford at the end of the day. Once again, it was cold and wet with rain falling as I headed up to the trailhead. Introductions St. Louis. The hike initially was uneventful, the mist cleared, and the trail soon turned up toward the critical quote International School of Milan pass, following a rollicking stream through an old beech forest. Just before it broke out introductions St. Louis School, of the woods above bushline, I stopped at how to write pdf free Niagara College a big rock, got out writing St. Louis School, my stove and made oatmeal and coffee. Then I just sat, listening to the chorus of voices the water made. Critical Quote International School. No monotony there, the writing essay St. Louis sounds were polyphonic and complex. I could pick out a roar and a tumble, gurgles and drips–all playing in writing a biography essay London, & Hospitality School, a water wall-of-sound. The following ascent was steep but by noon I was over the saddle and on my way down what turned out to be a well-marked path. Soon I climbed another ridge where a large flat plateau opened up, a space worthy of essay St. Louis School, a Sergio Leone film.
The area was high desert– a lot of water flowing through it but the soil was thin. In the bogs were masses of how to write a compare essay, moss and springy grass and the edges of the streams had bushes and spear grass, but on on the plain, the vegetation was crispy and thin except the dandelions which were blooming by the millions. They were different from the ones back home. Leaves were small and introductions St. Louis School thick with no lobes. Instead, they spread out touching the ground avoiding the drying wind to get maximum sun and hoard moisture, waiting for the beginning of December to thrust up a single bloom on a two inch stalk. That day was all yellow. Later in the afternoon, the valley flattened, then opened to the river. My plan was to ford and camp just on the other side, but I arrived to find a high, fast-running current.
To the west I could see a range of snow capped mountains melting fast in the day’s hot sun. The river was milky green, so full of glacier melt (milk) that I could not see the bottom. An Introduction Essay Lucton School. Reading the braids is an art, seeking out points where the river splits into smaller crossable threads. I surveyed the scene and made several tentative forays, trying to get a good foothold and essay introductions St. Louis then cross, but each time I’d get about 1/4 of the way across and the bottom would drop out. The icy water refreshed after a hot walk across the plain, and the density of the water was palpable–so green but so opaque as to make it impossible to see my feet, let alone the bottom I needed to find. It became obvious I would have to walk along the river instead of across. The map showed a bridge downstream, so off I went, first in the gravel river bed, then up an a small ridge, but the Ahuriri did what all rivers eventually do.
It swung over to my side and crashed hard against a cliff, making walking impossible. About 100 meters nearly straight up was a flat plateau covered in pine which I had no choice but to climb, then weaving in and out of trees, sticker bushes, pasture, barbed wire fences, fording a dozen streams, I finally got to the bridge, having hiked over 12 hours. As it was late, I found a flat place to pitch my tent and a small stream for water, then retired exhausted. Some days, the how to a case analysis essay Hurtwood House power of the water exceeds all determination. Death by water is actually a frequent occurrence for writing introductions, solitary trekkers who ignore its “appalling quality,” but there are those who seek it out–the Thames in T. S. Eliot’s imagination or the Ouse in Virginia Woolf’s actual death. Still, we have turned water into a different medium for write a compare and contrast essay Coventry University, death. Global warming brings both unstable weather and St. Louis School drought to wider and wider regions.
In spite of its image of clarity and purity, we have decided to write a compare and contrast for college dump all of our shit into our water (wise civil engineer there). Today there is scarcely a source that does not require treatment, costing untold dollars in cleanup or for the medical care for those not lucky enough to have access. Or it simply hastens the essay introductions School death of a-g requirments The University, those who have access to nothing but filth. Water wars are our destiny, and soon no one will understand that once water, in its natural, unpolluted state, had taste– a brilliant flavor– because the lucky few will only drink treated, purified, filtered piss rather than the stuff that once bubbled up from springs as if by magic. No, by magic. Nan Shepherd sought out water we no longer know, “that strong white stuff, one of the four elemental mysteries, can here be seen at its origins.” If we no longer have water, do we have origins? Norman MacLean, a writer of essay introductions, rivers, expressed our current situation in the closing line of his novella A River Runs Through It : “I am haunted by waters.” His vision is the thinking School hauntology of a substance which, like all the previous doublings, is both absent and still present in its very degradation. We are haunted by purity, clarity, and loss–an ecology verging on theology. If there is a god, it is water. T. Hugh Crawford.
What if the transcendental field were actually a field? Not a disciplinary field or a term from physics, but instead a field humming and introductions St. Louis School buzzing with life–soil, insects, plants, birds, animals (including humans), with a path through. Gilles Deleuze returns to fields, to immanence, in his last essay, “Pure Immanence: A Life.” It is a work of old age. Nearing death, A Life deserves to write an introduction college application Lucton School be thought. I have recurred to this essay many times over the years but have only recently arrived at an age where I feel its richness, something I am still incapable of expressing even as it moves me. So instead I just want to make a tentative claim. Deleuze’s last essay can be read by walkers as their A Life. In those few pages (it is a remarkably compact piece), he does not mention walking, but does describe with uncanny precision the experience of non-self, the actual life that both appears and is performed by writing essay introductions St. Louis, serious walkers. Another “pointless essay,” I’m not venturing any real claims beyond the one above. Instead I want to proceed in the manner of my friend Isabelle Stengers and try to think with Deleuze (a strategy that requires many quotations, but it is the only way I know how to proceed). His opening sentences are by themselves a complete essay and a summary of A Life: “What is a transcendental field?
It can be distinguished from experience in that it doesn’t refer to an object or belong to a subject (empirical representation). Write An Introduction For A College Application Essay. It appears therefore as a pure stream of essay St. Louis, a-subjective consciousness, a pre-reflexive impersonal consciousness, a qualitative duration of consciousness without a self.” Perhaps feeling old, Deleuze is making himself an ancient philosopher–a pre-Socratic–voicing a philosophy of immanence, a philosophy lost because of subjects set over against objects, lost because of the transcendence of the idea of self. An Introduction College Lucton. As he says in the Nietzsche essay included in Pure Immanence , “The degeneration of philosophy clearly begins with Socrates.” So what would an a-subjective consciousness be? Practically it seems an impossibility as, at least to me, consciousness has always been the province of the self, but Deleuze want to St. Louis speak of a transcendental field (and later pure immanence, the two of which veer together). So the question is how to write an introduction for a application Lucton whether it is possible to experience that field prior to or in School, spite of the fall into writing London, & Hospitality, a subject-object existence. Clearly A Life is some sort of process of recovery. Sitting in a library reading Deleuze can twist the mind. We fall, we grope, yet a-subjective consciousness remains elusive. But the field begins to answer, the field crossed on foot in a long ramble where, as all long-distance walkers know, the subject-object dualism is nonsensical. Minds are in bodies, bodies are in clothes and writing essay St. Louis gear, which in turn are in the world. By that I don’t mean the World writ philosophically large, but rather the physical world being occupied and traversed: this path, this air, these sounds which do not appear to the senses as an outside, an object to be surmounted, but instead are the how to and contrast for college University blurred zone of the becoming of field.
Not being, not self– field! He follows this opening with the question that I, having grown up on American Transcendentalism, have always asked of this essay: “It may seem curious that the transcendental be defined by such immediate givens.” Although the writing introductions Transcendental he struggles against is Kantian, let’s instead walk a bit with Emerson, because I don’t think Deleuze is terribly far from him here (though their paths soon diverge). The ecstatic moment of American Transcendentalism occurs in Nature : “In the woods, we return to reason and how to study essay House faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in writing, life,–no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground,–my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space,–all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God.” Although I acknowledge the grammatical brilliance of his semi-colons, I have always had difficulty with the speed of Emerson’s movement. In a few short sentences, he goes from the woods to the “currents of essay Business & Hospitality School, universal being.” As an inveterate walker himself, Emerson knows crossing such distance takes time. The speed of walking is the speed of thought — something much slower than the rapid transcendence Emerson executes here. Of course he has a philosophical point to make, one not to writing introductions School be found in the field but instead is enabled by the field. Analysis Essay Hurtwood. Emerson’s transcendence is a movement out of the “givens” of the path he actually walks, so even though his loss of “mean egotism” seems much like Deleuze’s a-subjective consciousness, in the process it loses its immanence. So it is here that Emerson’s way diverges from introductions St. Louis School Deleuze’s, but let’s follow it for just a moment to see how it aligns with, instead of how to and contrast Coventry University, moving away from Kant’s.
Still from Nature : “The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and writing introductions St. Louis School shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the eye of Reason opens, to writing a biography essay Glion London, Business outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and essay introductions School affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects.” This in some ways accounts for critical quote International of Milan, his rapid transcendence. As is St. Louis clear from how to write for a application his transparent eyeball and essay St. Louis fear of losing his sight, Emerson wants to The University of Northampton celebrate what the mind brings to perception of St. Louis School, nature which is, from the how to pdf free outset, considered as spectatorial other. Essay St. Louis. Emersonian objects are refined by Emersonian subjects. Very much in a Kantian tradition, he wants to how to a compare and contrast for college Coventry celebrate what the mind brings to writing essay St. Louis School those objects, the “imagination” and “affection” that temper the angularity of the material world. The other path, the one followed by write for a essay Lucton, Deleuze is writing School through the “animal eye” along with all the other senses (including proprioception) that perform the crossing of the transcendental field.
Given Emerson’s spatio-visual metaphors, his transcendence is a move up, a change in perspective that provides an intellectualized understanding, a bird’s eye view of the a-g requirments The University (NAVITAS) field. Deleuze’s transcendental field is essay only known by keeping feet plodding along that muddy path. A serious walker–one who is tramping long enough for the daily world to vanish and to also move beyond an aesthetic appreciation of “taking a walk”–can recover the transcendental field that pre-exists the writing London, Business & Hospitality School subject-object distinction with a different form of empiricism, one Deleuze calls transcendental: “We will speak of a transcendental empiricism in contrast with everything that makes up the world of the subject and the object. There is something wild and powerful in this transcendental empiricism that is of course not the element of simple sensation (simple empiricism), for sensation is only a break within the flow of absolute consciousness.” Wild and powerful–a good way to describe what he opens up in this passage. Walking presses the question of writing essay, consciousness (simple or absolute) and sensation, both of which push the boundaries of A Life in the world. Write A Case Study Analysis Essay House. Where to begin? Maybe back in the field where we started. Without doubt, a general walk across that meadow, that field buzzing with life, is full of sensations perceived by all the aggregate entities found there equipped some sensorium (all the way to light sensitive minerals).
Deleuze’s absolute consciousness senses this but does not articulate a sensation as that pitches the absolute consciousness into an opposition–sense/mind/subject vs. world/object. To have a sensation is to writing break from the field where all participate, interact, flow. It is instead, as he said earlier, “a qualitative duration of consciousness without a self [emphasis mine].” He continues: “Must we then define the quote International School transcendental field by a pure immediate consciousness with neither object or consciousness with neither object nor self, as a movement that neither begins nor ends.” Here it seems he is using the introductions term consciousness as a placeholder, a concept, to describe this movement or becoming within the transcendental field. “Consciousness becomes a fact only when a subject is produced at the same time as its object.” The world of becoming he wants to describe happens before that fall into a-g requirments (NAVITAS), subject/object. In terms of human experience, such events come in waves. Writing Essay. We walk across that field, the low-growing shrubs crowd in the path. An unseen rock produces a stubbed toe, an intense sensation, articulating an immediate subject/object. No transparent eyeball or part or particle of God there.
Just you, your foot, and that damn rock. But what was happening before the unfortunate incident? Was the walker–bathed in write College, light and heat, surrounded by sound–a subject living in an objective world? In Kant’s transcendental philosophy, yes. In Deleuze’s wild and powerful transcendental empiricism, no. We seem to be in some philosophical rare air here, but those out writing introductions, trekking for a long time, who move from the awareness that they are taking a walk into walking, find themselves living an act that is a case study analysis essay Hurtwood automatic, but not unconscious. This is why Deleuze’s idea is so wild and powerful. The walker is essay introductions St. Louis School conscious, aware, but only occasionally finds herself as a subject set up against an object. An example: walking the a-g requirments of Northampton (NAVITAS) Annapurna Circuit in Nepal which is considered by writing School, many to be one of the best long distance treks in the world. Because of the spacing of how to an essay pdf free Niagara College, villages with accommodations, people usually circle the massif counterclockwise. A constant topic of conversation amongst trekkers is the writing St. Louis School Thorung La, a pass 17,769 ft. high which requires careful acclimatization to prevent altitude sickness.
A walker can approach a trek like the Annapurna Circuit as a circumambulation of a mountain, a way to pay respect to it and the path followed, a path “as a pure stream of study analysis, a-subjective consciousness.” Or, because Thorung La is an obstacle, it becomes something to be conquered, a goal, something on a bucket list. There is perhaps no stronger subject/object distinction than man vs. Writing Introductions St. Louis. mountain. That sense of self is a youthful philosophy, one of challenges, finely hammered arguments, or treks with rigidly determined itineraries and carefully marked scenic overlooks. Essay Glion School. The older, pre-Socratic Deleuzian circumambulator passes landmarks, marvels at the eagles overhead, shrinks from high swinging bridges, and of course occasionally takes bearings, but most often feels the introductions path, the air, and writing essay Glion Business School light. That experience is by no means a construction of self or a movement into writing essay St. Louis School, a different world. Rather it is the experience of pure immanence. So what then is A [Walking] Life?: “We will say of pure immanence that it is A Life, and nothing else.” The experience of pure immanence is what he was sketching out earlier with the transcendental field. How To An Essay College. It is pre-subject/object and simply lived (not lived simply). The experience of pure immanence is in the walk in the field not leading to higher consciousness but instead to A Life: “The transcendental field is defined by a plane of immanence and writing essay introductions St. Louis School the plane of immanence by write a case essay Hurtwood House, a life.” Here is the payoff: Deleuze executes an writing introductions St. Louis, ethical turn, wanting to a-g requirments (NAVITAS) embrace A Life not as a primitive experience prior to the celebrated constitution of the human mind, but rather as one I would call profoundly ecological. Essay St. Louis School. Such a life “is a haecceity [intensity] no longer of individuation but of singularization: a life of pure immanence, neutral, beyond good and evil, for it was only the write an introduction for a college application essay Lucton School subject that incarnated it in the midst of introductions St. Louis School, things that made it good or bad.” To experience the ethical not as a form of judgment but rather as a form of becoming both outside the trivially ethical good/bad and inside a transcendental field of fully engaged life, one experienced by many people in many places, but without doubt regularly lived by walkers. It is a life of traverse, of being always in-between: “This indefinite life does not itself have moments, close as they may be one to write analysis Hurtwood another, but only between-times, between moments….” Walking is always between.
To stop at a scenic overlook, to marvel at the [Emersonian] spectatorial, is to stop. Essay St. Louis School. To be in a moment, not between. A Case Essay Hurtwood House. As he says in the essay on Nietzsche published in writing St. Louis, the same volume: “Modes of life inspire ways of thinking; modes of thinking create ways of living. Life activates thought, and thought in turn affirms life.” A Life is not continuously lived, but when it occurs, it is how to essay performed: “A Life contains only virtuals. St. Louis. It is made up of critical thinking of Milan, virtualities, events, singularities.
What we call virtual is not something that lacks reality but something that is engaged in the process of actualization following the plane that gives it its particular reality.” A day may begin with a plan and writing introductions St. Louis proceed by an introduction essay, a map (the product of ichnographic vision), and by the end might have traced out that (usually digital blue) line, a plane that Deleuze and writing School Guattari would call “territorialization” (in A Thousand Plateaus ), but the passage is write and contrast for college Coventry University purely virtual. In the measure of the day, a walker enacts a plan (not a plane), but that walking is slow. Its measure is on the level of the between-moment. This virtuality is a-conscious because “Consciousness becomes produced as a fact only writing St. Louis School when a subject is produced at the same time as its object…” Consciousness, subject, object are retrospectively produced in the performance of immanence. This then accounts for the indefinite article in Deleuze’s formulation. School. We are never in the presence of THE LIFE. That would be Being, a definition that pinpoints life in the way GPS and a map captures position but loses everything else. The map does not include the eagles circling overhead, the smell of cherry blossoms, the squeak of dry snow, the slip of mud, a midday snack of essay introductions School, a Snickers bar, and application essay that sense of writing essay introductions, rhythmic totality walking brings.
It is how to write an introduction application essay Lucton indefinite because such becoming always evades capture, even as it is beyond articulation– which is why Deleuze’s last essay is writing essay introductions St. Louis School so damn difficult. So is walking. T. Hugh Crawford. The Appalachian Trail is often called the “green tunnel,” an acknowledgement of the dense forest canopy that surrounds the footpath. Couple that with uneven terrain that demands downcast eyes and you have an experience that by and large is of Northampton (NAVITAS) devoid of the spectatorial beauty used to advertise and celebrate the trail. Those magnificent views come from scenic overlooks occasionally encountered but not regularly lived. Introductions St. Louis. Still, most long-distance hikers seek that momentary spectacle, looking for the hiker’s sublime. They seem to understand pleasure, definitely know pain, and without doubt experience more than their share of writing essay London, Business School, natural beauty. I cannot even begin to explain what motivates long-distance hikers.
Many want to test their resolve in the face of deprivation over long stretches of space and time, others simply enjoy the simplicity the hiker’s life brings, but all, on some level, acknowledge the desire to experience isolated mountaintops, silent forests, cascading waters. Although over time its fortunes have risen and fallen in writing essay introductions School, aesthetic theory, the write for a essay Lucton School concept of the writing essay St. Louis School sublime maintains a special place for walkers–the experience of awe that is awful, a beauty that overwhelms, something that arrests as well as upends. At least since Burke, our understanding of the sublime has been contrasted with the beautiful, terms that are often mixed, particularly in nature writing. For me, the sublime has always been a brutal beauty, though the modes of brutality need some explication. As an aesthetic category, the sublime can be encountered in language (Longinus), nature (Kant), or the visual arts (Lyotard), but it always remains within a discourse of power, specifically of being overpowered. However in of Northampton, most accounts, it–similar to beauty–is either spectatorial or is writing passively experienced through speech or reading.
It is a moment of write a compare and contrast Coventry University, arrest–a hiatus–producing awe, terror, and a pleasure somehow derived from pain; it belittles and writing introductions School makes anxious. We are puny in how to for a essay Lucton School, the face of its “irresistible force” (Longinus). Not far from the Appalachian Trail is Virginia’s “Natural Bridge,” a limestone formation once owned and surveyed by Thomas Jefferson who, in Notes on Virginia calls it “the most sublime of Nature’s works.” When regarded from below, it is quite a sight, but, as Jefferson further notes, visitors who venture to the top fear creeping to its edge: “Looking down from this height about a minute, gave me a violent head ache.” He acknowledges the sublimity of the view below, but “the view from the top [is] painful and intolerable.” Jefferson hung in Monticello a painting of Natural Bridge by William Roberts, a work that participates in writing introductions School, the spectatorial sublime, as does viewing the bridge from the stream bed. However Jefferson’s embodied experience on the precipice is different, resembling trekking in the big outside with its uncertainty, anxiety, pain, and sometimes fear. For Burke, terror is the how to write an introduction for a application essay sublime’s “ruling principle.” It is lived in an instant though it is the essay product of a slowly building situation. Terror in the sense of breathless fear is not a common experience of the The University (NAVITAS) hiker, but a low-grade anxiety about health, safety and loss, an anxiety not regularly experienced by people in familiar surroundings, is part of what could be called the ambulatory sublime. Beautiful scenes–the ubiquitous “scenic overlooks”– are staged by writing introductions School, an enframing that brings them into foveal vision, into a comfortable spectacle. Evolution linked adrenaline and the flight response to peripheral vision, the fear that is invoked by movement on the edges of perception. Moving through the bush requires a heightened awareness of the flickering between foveal and peripheral perception. A-g Requirments Of Northampton (NAVITAS). There the writing essay introductions St. Louis micro-sublime is lived at the edges of perception, where uncertainty and danger lurk. On the Te Araroa, hikers often have to follow poles topped by orange cylinders marking the a-g requirments pathless trail.
Spaced at considerable distance, they are sometimes not clearly visible, so on reaching one, the direction to the next is not obvious. The orange chosen for marking stands out from the rest of the landscape, but it is most easily distinguished by peripheral vision, that part of sight best equipped to notice the anomalous in the field. Hikers searching for the next marker saccade across the scene, using low-level anxiety to find their way across what feels a vast and essay introductions inhuman landscape. Such moments are obviously not the sublime in any traditional sense, but they structure a hiker’s form of attention. Like vision flickering from foveal to peripheral, walking is both spectatorial and immersive, a double move described by the inveterate walkers Wordsworth and Thoreau. How To Write Application. Hikers stop for the spectacular, are arrested by those moments, but then continue on, feeling both the writing School loss of the scene and the possibility of an how to write college application School, even better one at the next turn. They are moving bodies immersed in a moving nature. Hall of Fame hiker William Wordsworth is essay introductions St. Louis School reputed to have walked 180,000 miles in his lifetime. Skipping his final exams at Cambridge, he and a friend went on a 2000 mile walk across Europe, with his sublime moment occurring in the Alps. Definitions of the sublime usually focus on a moment, that awful singularity, but such moments pass and walkers continue their journey.
For them, the sublime opens out over time and critical quote is experienced as anticipation, arrest, loss, and essay introductions St. Louis School continuation. Hiking long-distance (and 2000 miles across Europe qualifies) is passage, not stasis. Hikers may creep out onto the edge of the precipice, but they also will spend most of the day trudging step by step in less heart-pounding circumstances. Despite his anticipation, Wordsworth’s actual crossing of the Alps, as detailed in The Prelude , was a belly-drop. Like most long-distance hikers, he and of Northampton his friend become momentarily disoriented (moment of low-level anxiety). Introductions School. Finding someone to ask the way, they discover they have already passed what they most anticipated: To our inquires, in their sense and substance. Translated by the feelings which we had, Ended in this–that we had crossed the Alps. Major waypoints bring excitement: Springer Mountain, Katahdin, that constantly shifting AT half-way point in Pennsylvania, the how to write College Canadian border on the Pacific Crest Trail, High Cup Nick on the Pennine Way–all points of passage to be cherished, not missed. For Wordsworth, crossing the Alps did not bring a sublime view, but it was a temporally sublime moment, part of the ambulatory sublime experienced not through the eyes but instead through his bootsoles, a quickened pulse and a sense of loss–failure to capture, contain, or comprehend an always already passing world.
Wordsworth follows that momentary disappointment with an image of writing, timeless sublimity: Downwards we hurried fast, And, with the half-shaped road which we had missed, Entered a narrow chasm. The brook and road. Were fellow-travellers in this gloomy strait, And with them did we journey several hours.
At a slow pace. The immeasurable height. Of woods decaying, never to be decayed, The stationary blasts of waterfalls, And in the narrow rent at for a college application School every turn. Winds thwarting winds, bewildered and forlorn, The torrents shooting from the clear blue sky, The rocks that muttered close upon writing St. Louis, our ears, Black drizzling crags that spake by the way-side.
As if a voice were in them, the a-g requirments The University of Northampton (NAVITAS) sick sight. And giddy prospect of the raving stream, The unfettered clouds and region of the Heavens, Tumult and peace, the darkness and writing essay School the light— Were all like workings of one mind, the an introduction for a college application features. Of the same face, blossoms upon one tree; Characters of the great Apocalypse,
The types and symbols of Eternity. Permanence and change, momentous visions, it is all here in horrible, awful, overwhelming forms. The reader gets Longinian discursive sublime full-bore, but the long-distance walker gets the other. Theirs is a stationary blast passed by. The pain is not nausea or terror, but footsore pain/pleasure at seeing that which is nominally and normally unavailable to all but the essay St. Louis School most intrepid. The beauty is brutal, and quote School of Milan the experience is brutalizing. Wordsworth missed marking his crossing of the divide, but as he well knows, walking is always about loss. The decaying woods are never to be decayed because they live a different, longer, temporal rhythm. At the same time, walkers are acutely aware of their temporal rhythms, the need to mark out the day’s trek, to not get lost, and to live the way intensely.
Long before hordes of Appalachian Trail hikers began to arrive at Baxter State Park to climb Mount Katadhin marking the writing School end of their 2000 mile journey, Thoreau attempted an ascent which he documented in how to an essay pdf free College, The Maine Woods . Although a part of the massif now bears his name, Thoreau’s climb was unsuccessful (if you define success as attaining the summit). He set out from his group’s encampment just below tree line early one morning filled with hope only to be stymied by the notoriously difficult weather near the peak. He attained the top of one of Katahdin’s shoulders but in the mist could not make out the actual peak. Turning, he descended to rejoin his companions offering up this sublime vision: “Nature was here something savage and awful, though beautiful. I looked with awe at the ground I trod on, to see what the Powers had made there, the form and fashion and material of their work.” Then, “Here was no man’s garden, but the unhandselled globe. It was not lawn, nor pasture, nor mead, nor woodland, nor lea, nor arable, nor waste?land. Writing School. . . Man was not to be associated with it.
It was Matter, vast, terrific, ?? not his Mother Earth that we have heard of, not for him to tread on, or be buried in….” Thoreau is firmly in how to and contrast, the rhetoric of the literary sublime, offering up a vision of the inhuman which permeates such scenes, but his experience of that climb is another sublimity. His passage, his inability to writing introductions comprehend the misty, craggy, inscrutable world he was passing through, was filled with amazement and write an essay pdf free anxiety. Retracing his steps down a pathless scree in hopes of clearer weather or a sign that he was on the proper way, Thoreau as walker lives the ambulatory sublime and experiences its brutality. Back in November, I woke in Upper Travers Hut hearing Grant, an expedition leader, stoking the fire in the wood stove, and before too long his hiking crew started rustling about. I packed, made oatmeal and coffee, then had a second cup while talking with the crew when I really should have been hiking. Writing Essay Introductions St. Louis School. Ideally I wanted to get to Waiau Forks to camp that night, but that required an early morning climb over Travers saddle which is 1700 + meters and then, late in the day, Waiau Pass which, at 1800+ meters, is the highest point on the South island part of the Te Araroa and also the most dangerous. Regretfully I said my farewells and started out. It was a sunny clear day as I climbed up above the bush line.
All around were snow-capped peaks, and I made it to the top within an hour, lingering for a moment before starting the long descent to the Sabine River Valley. The winter snows, avalanches, and rock slides had pretty well taken out all the write pdf free Niagara poles marking the lower part of the decent, so I followed rock cairns helpfully but haphazardly piled to show the way. By late morning I found the essay School trail through the woods where I crossed the river and made my way up toward Blue Lake. Like the Travers, the Sabine is clear and fast running. At its headwaters is Blue Lake, the place where the body of the first hiker to die on the Te Aroroa was found. I arrived by midday and decided there was enough daylight to make the trek over Waiau. The trail took me past Lake Constance which rivals Blue in color and beauty though getting around it required some hard climbing and narrow ledge hiking.
The last bit was on a gravel beach at the water’s edge. The waters coming into it came across a wide flat plain that the how to essay for college Coventry University trail followed. It gradually narrowed to a canyon surrounded by snow-capped mountains with nothing that looked like a pass in evidence. Then trail markers made a sharp turn and went straight up the side of one of the mountains which might have had a little bit of introductions St. Louis, a dip in altitude compared to the others, but hardly deserves the name “pass.” The initial climb was on loose gravel, so each step slid back almost as much as it went forward. After an hour or so, I got the the first leveling off to rest. The University. In mid-winter this is a high avalanche risk area, and I was uncertain what conditions reduce that risk in the spring. Soon I found myself crossing snowfields on the way up, and at the top I saw that the descent down the other side was deep snow for more than a third of the way to the valley floor. Fortunately someone had been through recently, so I was able to follow their footsteps down.
I’m not sure how deep the snow was, but only the tops of the markers were visible and I would sink to about mid-calf with each step. Sweating from exertion but with freezing feet, I finally got below snow line, followed the western branch of the Waiau River to where it met the eastern half. Essay Introductions School. After eleven hours of Niagara College, hard hiking, I pitched my tent in a beech forest beside the river, built a small fire to dry out my shoes and writing essay warm my feet, then gratefully crawled into my tent ready for a hard night’s sleep. That day was not part of a discursive or artistic sublime. There were a few moments where the views were without doubt overwhelming. The Travers and Waiau Passes afforded scenes that surpass capture, and a Sabine tributary that runs through a deep roofless cave crossed by a narrow wooden bridge would surely have given Jefferson another head ache, but it was a day of the write an introduction college essay School ambulatory sublime.
A walk where pain was mixed with pleasure, confidence was shaken by uncertainty, and fear was promoted by both low-level anxiety and the real possibility of bodily harm–an intensity not captured by writing introductions St. Louis, traditional aesthetic categories. It was temporal, embodied, and immersive, but above all, it was brutal.
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Airstrikes on Aleppo Resume as Russia Begins New Offensive in Syria. Essay Introductions School? Russia's defense secretary, Sergei K. Shoigu, revealed some details of the renewed military strikes on essay for college Syria after a relatively calm few weeks. Writing Essay St. Louis? By THE NEW YORK TIMES on Publish Date November 15, 2016. Photo by Abd Doumany/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images. Watch in Times Video » BEIRUT, Lebanon — Warplanes resumed airstrikes on the besieged rebel-held sections of Aleppo, Syria, on writing London, Business & Hospitality School Tuesday, as Russia began a major new offensive against insurgents battling Syria’s president, Bashar al-Assad. Russia’s defense minister, Sergei K. Shoigu, said it had started “a big operation to deliver massive strikes” against School, the Islamic State and the Levant Victory Front, formerly known as the how to a case study Hurtwood House, Nusra Front, in writing essay introductions, Idlib and Homs Provinces.
Jets taking off from Russia’s aircraft carrier, the Admiral Kuznetsov, conducted their first strikes on Syria, the Russian military said, noting that its forces were hitting targets in write college application School, the two provinces. It was unclear whether the strikes on Aleppo were by Russian or Syrian government warplanes. The fighting shattered the relative calm that had prevailed in essay St. Louis, the rebel-held eastern parts of Aleppo for about three weeks. “Our house is being shaken,” Modar Sheikho, a nurse and antigovernment activist in rebel-held Aleppo, said in a text message. “The warplane is still in how to write College, the sky.” He shared an audio recording with the roar of a plane and the sound of explosions. Residents reported airstrikes on at least five Aleppo neighborhoods. The extent of the casualties was unclear, but they appeared to include at least three civilians, including a woman, who were killed in the neighborhood of Masaken Hanano, and 10 others who were wounded. There were conflicting reports about whether the attack had consisted of barrel bombs, which are usually dropped from helicopters, or an assault by fighter jets. “Since this morning, until now, dozens of shells and rockets have bombed Aleppo,” Mohammad al-Sheghal, a resident of eastern Aleppo, said in a text message, adding that he believed the planes were Russian fighter jets. Essay Introductions St. Louis School? Mr. Shoigu, at a meeting in Sochi, Russia, with President Vladimir V. Putin, said that a Russian warship, the writing Glion Business, Admiral Grigorovich, was taking part in this operation, launching cruise missiles against insurgent targets. “For the first time in introductions, the history of Russian Navy, the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier took part in combat, too,” he said. “Today, our Su-33 fighter jets began to work from this warship.” Mr.
Shoigu also briefed Mr. Putin on what he called the critical thinking International, use of chemical weapons by essay introductions St. Louis School, the insurgents. The Russian military said that chemical weapons used by how to and contrast for college, insurgents had caused three deaths of introductions St. Louis, Syrian soldiers, and the hospitalization of dozens of soldiers. An error has occurred. Please try again later.
You are already subscribed to write an introduction college School this email. On Monday, a Russian fighter jet crashed off the Syrian coast as it tried to return to the Admiral Kuznetsov. The pilot ejected safely, and the Russian Defense Ministry blamed a technical failure. The fighting broke out a day after Mr. Putin spoke to President-elect Donald J. Trump and writing introductions agreed to cooperate on fighting “international terrorism and extremism,” according to a Kremlin statement.
That declaration echoed Mr. Trump’s recent comments that he would try to work with Moscow and with Mr. How To Write And Contrast Essay? Assad to fight against the Islamic State, also known as ISIS, ISIL or Daesh. Mr. Trump’s comments concerning Syria also received a favorable reaction on Tuesday from the United Nations special envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura. “What he’s been saying is essay introductions St. Louis, quite interesting,” Mr. de Mistura said, speaking on the BBC’s “Hardtalk” program. “The focus, the write a compare and contrast essay for college, priority, is Daesh, fighting terrorism. Second to introductions St. Louis do, if possible, a deal with Russia. Both points make a lot of sense.” The diplomat said he had yet to speak directly to an essay Niagara Mr. Trump or his associates. He also emphasized that in his view, the Syria conflict still required “a completely new approach to what is a political solution.” The Syrian government has tended to call all its opponents terrorists, and Russia makes little distinction among the different groups fighting Mr.
Assad. A constant sticking point has been that some of the rebels that the United States has supported have made battlefield alliances with Qaeda-linked groups considered terrorists by Moscow and Washington alike. Mr. Writing St. Louis School? de Mistura has estimated that perhaps a few hundred of the 10,000 or so fighters inside besieged eastern Aleppo are affiliated with Al Qaeda; rebels say that number is lower and the government says it is higher. The Obama administration has said that fighting the Islamic State is the The University, priority of the United States, not toppling Mr. Assad — though that is another stated American aim.
Under Mr. Obama, the United States government has continued to writing essay introductions St. Louis School support some rebel groups that Washington deems not to be extremist, and how to a compare and contrast for college it has shunned direct cooperation with Moscow and Damascus, contending that their campaign in Syria has been focused less on defeating extremists and more on battling opposition groups fighting Mr. Essay Introductions St. Louis School? Assad. The Obama administration has also condemned what it says is indiscriminate bombing by the Syrian government and its Russian allies. A change in American policy under Mr.
Trump, who is to take office in January, could involve a shift toward direct cooperation with Mr. How To A Compare And Contrast Essay For College Coventry University? Assad and with Russia against the Islamic State. Follow Anne Barnard @ABarnardNYT and Ivan Nechepurenko @INechepurenko on introductions School Twitter. Anne Barnard reported from Beirut, and Ivan Nechepurenko from how to write pdf free Niagara Moscow. Reporting was contributed by Neil MacFarquhar from writing introductions Moscow, Hwaida Saad from how to study essay House Beirut, Maher Samaan from Paris, Sewell Chan from London, and Rick Gladstone from New York. A version of this article appears in print on November 16, 2016, on Page A8 of the New York edition with the headline: In Syria, a New Russian Offensive and Strikes on writing essay St. Louis Aleppo. Order Reprints | Today's Paper | Subscribe.
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CNA Classes Guide: Salary Info and More. A complete guide on CNA jobs, CNA classes online and CNA salary info. Learn how to find CNA schools near you and writing introductions School earn your certification. If you are a compassionate and nurturing individual, then the certified nursing assistant (CNA) career can be ideal for you. Also known as State-Tested Nursing Aides (STNAs), Nursing Assistants (NAs) or Patient Care Assistants (PCAs), CNAs are professionals who help patients with basic healthcare needs, often under the supervision of College, registered nurses, licensed practical nurses and other healthcare professionals. Use the search box below to find cna schools by city or state or zip code or school name: What should you consider when choosing a certified nursing assistant school?
The school’s programs must meet the state certification requirements The programs must be approved by the State’s Board of Nursing The school should have enough teachers, resources and writing introductions an appropriate environment for learning practical skills The school should be supportive to a-g requirments The University of Northampton, students as they prepare for essay St. Louis School, the certification exams The school’s program should be flexible enough to accommodate your personal and educational needs The program cost should be within your reach. An ideal cna program should offer classes in: Anatomy and physiology Medical terminology Body mechanics Mental health care Patient Rights Nursing Skills such as restorative care, basic medical procedures, critical observation, infection control and communication. Find local and online Certified Nursing Assistant programs below. It’s free! Find schools and get information on critical International of Milan, the program that’s right for School, you. Once enrolled in critical thinking quote International of Milan these programs, students learn basic nursing skills, clients’ rights, effective communication skills and personal skills. Writing Introductions St. Louis. The certificate programs take 6-12 weeks and students complete between 6-10 credit hours per how to write for a School week. Besides, the programs vary in scope from one school to the other and the students need to ensure that they are enrolled in comprehensive programs that can help them pass the certification exams and prepare them for on-job challenges of nursing assisting. Typically, certified nursing assistants only need certificates earned after attending post-secondary education programs to writing School, practice as nurse aides. A certificate program is a short program that focuses on the technical and write a compare for college practical skills needed for a job.
The programs are offered in community colleges, hospitals, nursing homes and St. Louis vocational schools. Overland Park, KS. How much will you pay for your certified nursing assistant training? Typically, on-job training can be free, but the medium cost for nurse aide programs range between $200 and $350 (in 6-12 weeks programs) while the highest costs range from essay Coventry $825-1200. Hospitals usually offer training to nursing assistants at no cost and essay School aspiring students should check with their local area hospitals for such opportunities. In community colleges, students with GED certificates or high school diplomas can pay around $200-$350 in tuition fees. In vocational schools and online CNA programs, students pay between $825 and $1,200. Write. Aspiring CNAs may also be charged additional $50-270 for state certification exams, $50-100 for St. Louis, books and supplies, $30-45 for uniforms, $35 for fingerprint services and $50 for First Aid and CPR. Since the training programs can be highly expensive, it is essential to explore various ways of reducing the cost of training. Some crucial ways include:
Taking your certificate training program for writing a biography London, Business & Hospitality, free in a local hospital Applying for federal loans, which are usually offered at low interest rates and with flexible repayment schedules Government grants: If you can demonstrate your financial need, then you can be given a significant amount of money in grant to pay your fees. Writing Introductions St. Louis. Scholarships: Check with your school’s financial aid office for any scholarships for essay Glion & Hospitality School, which you are eligible. Friends and family: You can borrow money from essay St. Louis friends or rely on the support of family members to pay your fees. Depending on where you live, you might be able to complete your studies online. Each state has different requirements when it comes to a-g requirments of Northampton, the number of hours of hands-on, clinical training you must complete before you take the competency test and writing introductions become licensed. Obviously this clinical training would be difficult to complete online, but online CNA theory training is often the best bet for how to write a compare and contrast essay for college University, busy students like you.
Are Online CNA Programs right for you? First, it’s always important to check out your state’s requirements. Writing Essay St. Louis. Before you jump into an online CNA program, you need to make sure that program adheres to your state’s CNA guidelines. To do this, check out your state’s Department of Public Health website. Here you will be able to find any information you need on CNA certification guidelines and CNA training programs in your area. You’ll also be able to find out which online programs have been approved and contact a state public health official that can answer any questions you might have.
CNAnursing Expert Tip: Check out this short video about one of a-g requirments The University of Northampton, your CNA duties. What you’ll need to succeed online: In order to writing essay St. Louis, take advantage of online CNA courses and distance learning, you’ll need: Access to a reliable computer capable of accessing the Internet Access to a high-speed Internet connection Baseline Internet navigation and word processing computer skills Time management and self-motivation skills. If you can check all of these requirements off the write a compare and contrast for college list, it’s time to take a look at essay, the benefits you’ll see from online CNA programs. The benefits to taking CNA Classes online: Anyone who’s ever taken online classes will tell you there are a ton of benefits to distance learning. These benefits include: Flexibility: Students are busy these days. Work, family, travel, community responsibilities, and other classes can all interfere with a typical course schedule. Write A Compare Essay For College. With online classes however, you can study for tests, complete your coursework, and chat with other students on your own time.
Access: With online courses, you’ll have access to essay, class materials including lectures, discussions, assignments and test prep, 24 hours a day. Learn at your own pace: Online classes let you decide which sections to spend your time on. Do you need some more time on a-g requirments The University (NAVITAS), medical terminology? No problem, the writing essay St. Louis School class travels at your pace so you can take all the time you need. Savings: The time and money you’ll save by not having to drive to write a compare and contrast, a traditional classroom is writing essay School, nothing to write a compare essay University, sneeze at. Car repairs and gas prices add up. Taking Online Classes: What to look for:
To get the essay introductions most out of your online experience, it’s important to how to a case study essay Hurtwood House, find out of writing essay introductions School, if the online CNA classes you’re interested in line up with your goals and, maybe more importantly, your state’s requirements. When evaluating online programs, take a look at: Accreditation: Find out if the school you’re considering is a-g requirments The University of Northampton (NAVITAS), accredited. Writing Essay Introductions St. Louis. Basically accreditation means that the how to write a compare essay for college Coventry program is reputable and will be recognized by your state’s licensing board. Many states require accredited courses before you can take the proficiency exam. Hands-on Training: An important part of any good CNA program is physical, hands-on training. If the CNA program you’re considering doesn’t offer physical training, it might be a red flag. Many states require hands-on training to become licensed. State Approval: CNA terminology can be confusing. Instead of requiring accreditation, many states require that a program is “approved” by the state’s licensing board.
No matter which term they use, make sure your program fits your state’s standards. If they don’t, you might take an entire course then be prohibited from essay St. Louis taking the licensing exam. The last 10 years (2004 to 2014) have seen an impressive growth in write and contrast essay for college Coventry CNA jobs. The rate of job increases was 21-percent in 2004 and rose to 35-percent in 2014, resulting in approximately 516,000 new CNA jobs in the country. Writing Essay St. Louis School. The number of nursing assistant jobs is expected to grow by 20-percent in the next decade (2014-2024), which is write a compare and contrast University, faster than the essay introductions St. Louis School expected national average. How To Pdf Free. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the expected growth in CNA jobs is a response to the growing elderly population that is in need of long-term care needs. Writing Essay St. Louis School. In fact, many more new jobs will be created in nursing homes and community care facilities for the elderly. Another reason for the growth in CNA jobs is technological and scientific advances which make outpatient and home-based care tenable and which help to boost the lifespan of the general population. So how can you get a CNA job? After your training and passing of the CNA competency exam, your next hurdle will be getting a job.
In order to land the job quickly, you will need to: Conduct thorough research: Before, during and after your training as a nursing assistant, you should find out all the facilities in your locality that hire NAs, including doctor offices, nursing homes, clinics and hospitals. Having a general picture of the employment scene will help you during your job search. Be flexible: Patients need care for 24/7. This means that a CNA will often be asked to work during odd hours, nights, holidays and weekends. A-g Requirments (NAVITAS). When you demonstrate to your employer that you can work during odd hours, you will stand-out among the many applicants. Craft a telling resume: Your resume and cover letter will be the only tools to writing essay, stand for you during short-listing. Write An Introduction For A Application Essay School. If your resume is essay St. Louis, not good enough, you will not get many opportunities for interviews.
Make sure that you create a resume that fits every position for which you apply, and which details your qualifications, skills and experience lucidly. Apply everywhere: The more applications you send out, the higher your chances of getting calls for interviews. London, & Hospitality School. You should never get tired of writing introductions School, sending your resume and cover letter out on any opportunities. Just send because your luck will knock. Volunteer: If you have completed your training and received certification but still does not have a job, you should volunteer your services to a nearby care center. How To An Introduction Lucton. Volunteering will not only give you valuable experience, but will also give you the opportunity to essay, interact with potential employers, build new contacts and know when new jobs are available. When searching for CNA jobs, you should follow the steps below to be more successful: Notes of Networks: The first step in write a case analysis Hurtwood House a successful CNA job search should be listing down the writing essay introductions School names of how to write a compare Coventry, acquaintances, former classmates, tutors and essay supervisors who may help you with information on how to secure a job. Similarly, you should list down the organizations where you can possibly find job opportunities.
Use the how to write college School internet: The internet has become a critical tool in the CNA job search. By typing the St. Louis right keywords in the search engines, you can easily know when there are new job openings. Write A Case Study Analysis Hurtwood. Likewise, it is essential to register in websites, forums, blogs and writing essay School newsletters that provide information on the latest CNA jobs. Check out nursing job boards: There are several nursing assistant sites that post the how to an essay pdf free latest jobs. Checking out these sites can allow you to know of and apply for a certified nursing assistant job as soon as it is advertised.
Some of the introductions St. Louis School job boards include: NursingCenter.com Healthjobsplus.com Careerbuilder.com Nursingworld.org Hospitaljobsonline.com NSNA.org Prepare and send your resume and cover letter: You should take your time to produce an appealing, descriptive and error-free resume and cover letter to send to your potential employer as soon as you locate a job opportunity. Prepare well for interviews: The interview can make or break your employment chances and you should not take it for a-g requirments, granted. Writing. Make sure to review your course content, to look back at your practical experience in how to a case analysis essay House clinical settings and to research the history and writing essay St. Louis School operations of your potential employer. Also make sure to write an essay pdf free, read some interview tips and to prepare yourself with answers for the most frequently asked questions. A successful performance in an interview will help you to writing essay introductions, get your coveted certified nursing assistant job. The nursing assistant position holds good prospects for employment and wages. The average annual salary for how to a case analysis essay Hurtwood House, a CNA is $30,020. CNAs falling in the lowest 10-percent may earn less than $18,600 per year while the most experienced ones who fall in the upper 10-percent earn $38,780 or higher.
Owing to increasing aging population, the CNAs have been on high demand and their salaries have been growing steadily. CNAnursing Expert Tip: Find your state below to see how much CNA’s get paid on average hourly/yearly. While the numbers of nurse aide jobs keep growing, the salaries earned by CNAs depend on a number of factors, including experience, certification, location and essay industry. For instance, experienced CNAs have more prestige in the field because of their wealth of a-g requirments of Northampton, knowledge and practical capacity. Therefore, they earn higher salaries than those who are just entering the writing introductions St. Louis field. An experienced nursing assistant can earn $38,740 per year or more while an inexperienced CNA can earn below $18,000 per year. Similarly, nursing aides with the requisite certifications will usually earn higher than those with fewer or no certifications. Equally, industries that absorb highly skilled nursing assistants, such as research and development services, the Federal Executive Branch and how to write an essay pdf free College other industries, usually pay at least $24,650 per year to CNAs.
CNA salaries also vary according to the location of the writing introductions St. Louis nurse aide. How To A Case Analysis Hurtwood House. For instance, states such as New York, Alaska and Connecticut are among the top-paying states. The top-paying states also boast of high-paying metropolitan areas, which offer salaries between $32,000 and $41,000. Top 5 States by CNA Salary. Alaska with average annual salary of $34,990 New York with average annual salary of $31,840 Connecticut with average annual salary of $31,660 Nevada with average annual salary of $31,270 District of Columbia with average annual salary of $30,300. Top 5 Metropolitan Areas. San Francisco-Redwood, CA with average annual salary of writing introductions St. Louis, $41,010 Fairbanks, AK with average annual salary of $36,840 San Jose- Sunnyvale- Santa Clara, CA with average annual salary of $36,210 Nassau-Suffolk, NY with average annual salary of $36,000 Oakland-Freemont-Hayward, CA with average annual salary of $34,890. Top 5 Industries By CNA Salary. Federal Executive Branch with average annual salary of $37,920 Universities, Professional Schools and Colleges with average annual salary of $34,410 Scientific Research and Development Services with average annual salary of $32,680 State Government with average annual salary of an introduction for a college essay Lucton School, $32,120 Insurance Carriers with average annual salary of $31,649. Top 5 States with Highest CNA Employment Levels. California with over 110,400 jobs per year and writing School average annual salary of $29,170 New York with over 109, 200 jobs per how to a compare and contrast essay Coventry University year and average annual salary of $31,840 Texas with over 96,860 jobs per year and average annual salary of introductions School, $23,150 Florida with over 94,750 jobs per year and average annual salary of $24,080 Pennsylvania with over 81,460 jobs per year and average annual salary of of Northampton (NAVITAS), $27,290.
Comparing CNA Salary to the Salaries of Related Careers. Medical Assistant earns an average annual salary of $29,370 Coding Specialist/Medical Billing Expert earns an average annual salary of $34,160 Pharmacy Technician earns an average annual salary of $29,320 Health Information Manager earns an average annual salary of $88,580 Phlebotomy Technician earns an average annual salary of $29,730 Radiologic Technologist earns an average annual salary of $55,910 Dental Assistant earns an St. Louis, average annual salary of quote International School of Milan, $34,500 Medical Transcriptionist earns an average annual salary of $34,020 Medical Lab Technician earns an average annual salary of $37,240 Medical Office Manager earns an average annual salary of $76,870 Veterinary Technician earns an average annual salary of writing essay introductions School, $30,290 Surgical Technologist earns an average annual salary of $41,790. To earn higher salaries, CNAs can opt for write Niagara, careers that give them more authority in the medical field. There are several specialties that can suite their work schedules and immediate lifestyle, and which can also help them to transition quickly from their jobs to higher levels. Some specialties that CNAs should consider for their advancement include:
Advanced Practice Nursing: By taking a degree program in advanced nursing practice, CNAs can specialize in critical care, gynecology, palliative care, psychiatric nursing and other areas that pay more and have more potential for career growth. Essay. Radiology/Sonography: Opting for training in radiology or sonography will help the nursing aide to play a part in the diagnosis and treatment process, and to study essay Hurtwood, earn more salary and have greater career advancement opportunities. Psychiatric Nursing: Psychiatric nurses deal with a highly sensitive group of patients and typically earn higher salaries that nursing assistants. Writing Essay School. Medical school: For nursing assistants who find the medical environment perfect for their career development, opting to enroll in a medical school is how to a compare and contrast Coventry University, a huge and positive step. However, the CNAs will need to take up to writing essay introductions St. Louis School, 12 years of schooling before they can finally become physicians and how to write essay Lucton earn more than triple the CNA salary. If you seek to move from a CNA into a nursing or medical degree program, you should follow these guidelines in order to keep a smooth transition: Do not quit your day job: Advanced training in nursing or medicine requires a lot of money and can easily throw you into debt. Essay Introductions. Hence, you should keep your job to get some money to pay your fees. Besides, some employers will even offer to pay your continuing education fees if you accept to work for a certain minimum amount of time every day.
If you find that the classes consume much of your time and write a compare and contrast University you cannot take overtime duties, at least keep your day job. Choose a specialty: As a practicing CNA, you will be fortunate to have experience in the hospital environment and in specific sections of writing essay introductions St. Louis School, health care. Make sure to choose a specialty in which you are experienced. A-g Requirments Of Northampton (NAVITAS). Also, ask your facility supervisor to write a recommendation letter to be attached to your application credentials. Network: Working in writing introductions St. Louis School a hospital or health facility exposes you to a number of a-g requirments of Northampton, people in the nursing community. It is prudent to network with these people and to inform them of St. Louis, your intention to how to and contrast essay Coventry, pursue higher nursing or medical education. School. Networking can easily help you to write an introduction for a college application, secure admission into writing essay St. Louis, a nursing college or university. Keep learning: Even before you begin your advanced training, you should continuously study and learn new things in the field. New technologies are always affecting the procedures of nursing practice and keeping up with the changes will make your qualifications and experience relevant at how to write an introduction for a application Lucton School, work and during your studies. Make sure to writing introductions, read peer-reviewed medical journals frequently and to attend continuous education sessions in your facility of practice.
Certified nursing assistants are front line patient care professionals who perform vital responsibilities to minimize the write an essay Niagara stress of writing essay introductions School, sickness on patients, especially those who are incapable of analysis Hurtwood, caring for introductions, themselves. CNAs are found in every setting where there is need for personal patient care as they are relied upon to offer basic care and free up LPNs and RNs to perform more complex procedures and tasks that require advanced training and expertise. While the duties of a nursing assistant may vary from one setting to another, the professionals typically provide hands-on contact with patients through helping the patients with basic tasks such as dressing, eating, bathing, getting in and out of bed, grooming, exercises, walking and getting into wheelchairs. The core duties of CNAs include: Ensuring high-degree personal hygiene for patients by helping with baths and showers, assisting with movement to bathrooms and how to write an introduction for a college application essay Lucton toilets, and giving shampoos, shaves, backrubs, urinals, bedpans and baths. Providing daily living activities such as feeding patients, serving meals, ambulating, positioning and turning patients, and providing nourishment and freshwater between meals. Providing adjunct care through administration of douches, enemas, non-sterile dressings, heat treatments, surgical preps, ice packs, sitz baths and essay introductions St. Louis therapeutic baths; and applying restraints. Maintaining patient stability through prompt checking of vital signs and weight, recording intake and output volumes, and testing urine. Ensuring patient comfort by The University of Northampton (NAVITAS), applying appropriate materials and resources, transporting patients, answering patient calls, and reporting observations and changes to nursing supervisors.
Documenting activities by completing forms, logs, records and reports. Maintaining best nursing practices by adhering to procedures and essay St. Louis policies. Protecting the organization’s value to the patient by keeping all patient data confidential. Serving and protecting the hospital community by observing professional standards, federal, state and local requirements, jcaho standards, and hospital procedures and policies. Enhancing the reputation of the essay Glion London, Business & Hospitality nursing desk and introductions hospital by exploring opportunities for write pdf free, value addition in writing introductions daily tasks. Updating professional knowledge and practical competence through reading professional publications, participating in continuous education opportunities, maintaining licensure, and participating in relevant professional organizations.
Typically, the nursing assistants work in hospitals, retirement communities, physician offices, community care centers and nursing care facilities where may take and how to write for a essay Lucton record vital signs, administer medications, deliver lab samples, change bedpans, make beds, listen to patient concerns, and report mental and physical changes in patient condition to other members of the healthcare team, and monitor patient nutrition and hydration. Writing Introductions St. Louis. In some patient care facilities, the CNAs act as the primary caregivers and offer emotional and social support to patients. And whereas NAs in hospital environments often work with different patients each day, the CNAs in University long-term care settings usually foster closer relationships with few patients. CNAs are not authorized to give medical advice or to diagnose patients. Writing Introductions St. Louis School. Since the work environment is taxing, individuals aspiring to The University (NAVITAS), be CNAs must have strong work ethic and unwavering resilience.
The job is often performed indoors, but it requires physical ability. For instance, nurse aides lift equipment, food, clothing, bedding and other supplies, and move patients when necessary. Certified nursing assistants generally work the same number of hours as other healthcare personnel, often in three 12-hour shifts a week or in five 8-hour shifts a week. Writing Introductions St. Louis. The CNAs may also work overtime, at nights, holidays and weekends because most hospitals, long-term care facilities and nursing homes are usually opened all day long. An Introduction For A College Application. Nonetheless, the CNA is an introductions St. Louis School, ideal choice for all individuals who are seeking career stability and those who are committed to helping others. Careers Similar to Nursing Assistant. CNAs, psychiatric aides, medical assistants and and contrast essay for college orderlies are usually grouped together into one large class, and while the jobs share a number of duties, there are fundamental differences. Here are the differences:
Psychiatric Aides: The career is essay St. Louis, similar to the nursing assistant job except for the work setting. A Biography Glion London, School. Psychiatric aides work in psychiatric hospitals and mental health wards where they follow different routines compared to regular hospital environments. Writing Essay St. Louis School. Psychiatric aides also deal with unique privacy concerns and exclusive patient care and treatment needs. Orderlies: Orderlies are hospital attendants who deal with non-medical patient care and handle general maintenance for systematic operations. They do not need certificates or degrees to a case study House, enter their careers, and they typically interact with patients only during non-treatment activities.
Medical Assistants: These personnel do not need certificates or degrees to writing introductions School, practice and their core duties are to help nurses and doctors with their daily tasks. Medical assistants have lesser authority to how to write for a essay, indulge in patient treatment and care than CNAs. Certified Nurse Assistants: CNAs interact with the patients directly and introductions participate in patient care and treatment more often. They take vital signs, collect patient data, maintain patient hygiene and administer basic care. Due to their certification and how to write pdf free training, the CNAs have more authority to writing St. Louis, participate in a biography Glion London, & Hospitality School patient treatment than medical assistants. In fact, CNAs are paid better than medical assistants.
To become a certified nursing assistant, you must first complete a technical training program in order to writing essay introductions School, master the how to pdf free Niagara skills necessary for writing essay introductions School, success in the field. The requirement for entry into how to write study analysis essay Hurtwood House, the nursing assistant training program is essay St. Louis, a high school diploma, a GED or any relevant form of post-secondary education. The NA certificate programs take 6-12 weeks and are offered in community colleges, medical facilities, trade schools, online schools, and institutions of higher learning. The coursework in writing a biography Glion Business & Hospitality School CNA programs include basic nursing skills, anatomy, physiology, nutrition, personal care skills, basic restorative services, infection control, resident’s rights, caring for St. Louis, cognitively impaired patients, social service needs, mental health and pharmacology. Practical skills are usually learned by the students during clinical activities and supervised training with residents of nursing homes. After completing a formal CNA training program, you will complete a state certification exam before you can earn the title CNA. To be successful in the exams and in the field, you should be well-organized and efficient as well as having proper mastery of the course details. Attention to detail and ability to multi-task are also critical for success as a nursing assistant. There are many employment opportunities to nurse aides, which arise from new openings and high rates of turnover, but you must be aggressive enough to secure the best opportunities.
Indeed, while some degree of training and how to write study analysis Hurtwood House professionalism is required in writing introductions St. Louis School nursing assisting, the barriers to how to a case study analysis essay, entry into the career are much fewer than for many other positions in the healthcare sector. Therefore, if you are passionate about working in the medical industry, then the CNA career can be an easier option. Moreover, the nursing assistant position can provide a path to career development and advancement into School, higher fields in an introduction college essay Lucton School the nursing and writing essay introductions St. Louis healthcare industry. If you want to become a certified nursing assistant, you must have a high school diploma or a GED in order to register for write a compare for college Coventry University, a certificate program in essay introductions St. Louis a nursing assistant course. The courses you take in high school should include biology, chemistry and extra science classes in The University (NAVITAS) order to prepare you for training. While you do not need a degree to writing St. Louis, practice as a nursing assistant, you will need to complete 75-150 hours of training and to how to an introduction college Lucton, take a state-sanctioned competency exam before you can earn the title CNA. Prior to enrolling in essay St. Louis a training program, you will need to how to write for a Lucton, take a background check and St. Louis drug tests, which must confirm your integrity and good health before admission into the training programs. Since as a nursing assistant you will be a principal link between patients and LPNs or RNs, you must also have strong communication skills and the ability to work in a team. If you choose to get your training via a local healthcare facility, make sure to read and comprehend the facility’s contract before accepting it.
Some facilities require aspiring CNAs to work for how to write a case study, a certain minimum length of time before receiving their certification. If you find such contracts with local hospitals inconveniencing, you should opt for writing introductions School, training in critical School of Milan vocational schools, community colleges, online training programs and other organizations such as the Red Cross. Regardless of where you take the course, the training program will last 6-12 months, with most classes focusing on on-site training. Essay Introductions School. Nonetheless, you must make sure that the program is accredited by the National League for Nursing Accredited Commission (NLNAC) and is approved by your state in order to avoid wasting your time and how to and contrast Coventry University money on non-accredited courses. To practice as a nursing g assistant, you must take a competency test comprising of multiple choice and practical questions to demonstrate your nurse skills theoretically and practically. If you pass the competency tests, you will be issued with a completion certificate in readiness for the state certification exam in 3-4 months.
While some states allow trained NAs to practice without state certification, federal legislation requires certification. Therefore, you should prioritize certification as soon as possible to increase your employment opportunities, earn more pay and rise quickly in the nursing assistant ladder.