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Part-time work resume - FAQs and tips. Experience High School? Appropriate tertiary qualifications. Career objectives that are consistent with the applicant's experience and the role (i.e. realistic expectations). Competency statements (outline of skills, knowledge and attributes) that match the article summary IUBH School & Management role requirement. Remember that you control the content of your resume. There are some things that you should include, but in about writing Bodwell School the end it is up to you to decide whether it is relevant or impressive to an employer. Don't include anything that will raise doubts or cause you to be screened out. Deal with such information in an interview, not a resume. Don't use abbreviations.
Use professional or technical jargon only if it is argumentative essay articles Leighton relevant to the position you seek. Don't add irrelevant information eg marital status, health status or DOB. Writing Experience Bodwell High? Use plain A4 white paper. Don't leave gaps between employment dates. List jobs by month or year depending on their length. How To A Good Persuasive School? Try to include employment that is directly relevant to the job you are applying for.
Be consistent with your formatting. Use good spacing to make it easy to about writing experience High School read. Writing Fryeburg? Use a good quality printer. Keep the presentation of your resume simple. Essay About Bodwell High? Employers are more interested in the content. It should be neat and easy to read but you don't have to go to great expense using fancy paper or folders. Q. What is the how to essay Kent difference between a resume and CV? There is no difference between a resume and curriculum vitae (CV). Most current employers use these terms interchangeably. Employers ask for one as part of the process of hiring a person.
Q. Why have resumes become such a crucial first part of the job application process? Because you need to present yourself the best you can, in order to increase your chances of being short-listed for an interview. Q. How do you get to be a successful applicant? By developing a targeted professional resume that highlights what the employer is looking for. Q. Why might I be successful with one resume and not another? It may be because you underestimated yourself and undersold your abilities.
More often than not, it is experience because you didn't target your resume and/or communicate your skills and abilities in critical The University of Illinois a clear way. Essay School? Q. How do I communicate in how to persuasive essay Kent a targeted way? Make sure your resume addresses the requirements of the job. Many jobs have selection criteria listed in the job advertisement or job application, which makes this easier. However, the advertisement may have limited information about the requirements of the role. Some employers deliberately keep this open and ambiguous, so that the quality and expertise of the essay experience High applicants decide to some degree what the role will be. They may have a rough idea of the kind of grammar for essay person or skills they are looking for, but they look at the skills and expertise of the applicants to guide their final decision. Q. How do I target my resume if there is limited information?
Research is the key! You need to research the organisation and the job, role or position. It is essay writing experience High School also important to highlight your transferable skills in your resume. Transferable skills are those generic skills you have developed through life that may not directly relate to the job you are applying for or want to apply for. They are particularly important for how to a lit essay Braemar College students and about writing Bodwell graduates who may have limited work experience. How To Write A How To Essay Aiglon? Some examples of transferable skills include communication skills (written and verbal), team work, leadership, initiative, enthusiasm and interpersonal skills. Transferable skills are developed from experiences such as your studies, work placements or part-time work. Q. About Writing Experience School? What if I have limited work experience?
It's important to see yourself as a whole package. While you may have limited work experience in the field you wish to work, an employer may look for your potential skills through your resume. Most graduate employers will look at what you have done in your studies and even outside your studies, such as extra-curricular activities, projects, vacation work, and professional memberships to decide whether you have the transferable skills to write to essay College do the job. Q. What do you do if you have limited work experience? You could consider using a functional format for essay experience Bodwell your resume.
This format is grammar for essay writing Fryeburg designed to emphasise your qualifications rather than specific jobs. You could include a skills summary in your resume i.e. a concise statement of your key skills related to the job you're applying for. Your skills summary may include transferable skills developed in part-time, casual, volunteer work or in your studies. If you have undertaken relevant work experience or voluntary work, don't state that it was unpaid. About Writing Experience Bodwell? Your resume is how to persuasive essay a capabilities statement of what skills, expertise and benefits you could bring to your future employer. Q. What if my work experience is not directly relevant to experience Bodwell High School the job? Highlight your transferable skills. Summary School & Management? You may not have direct experience in this area, but you might have transferable skills that can be applied across this job. Often it is these transferable skills that make you unique and give you an edge in an interview. About School? Q. Should I include a photo of myself in my resume? No.
Employers don't have time to filter through piles of information and documentation. Unless your photo adds direct value (i.e. modelling or acting work), leave it out. Q. How do I submit my academic results with my resume? Unless requested, you don't need to include your academic results with your resume. If your results are requested, you may need to provide a certified copy of write Aiglon College them. You can get certified copies of your results from the university you attended (usually for about experience Bodwell High School a fee) or you can get a copy signed by argumentative essay Leighton School, pharmacist or police officer. Q. Essay About Bodwell? What if I have poor academic results? Don't include them in essay articles Park School your resume. Essay Bodwell High School? Don't include anything in your resume that you think will rule you out of grammar for essay contention (e.g. date of birth, etc). You can always address this issue in an interview if raised.
Q. How do I submit my resume online? How do I target it to an employer or job? When you submit your resume via email to an employer, attach the resume in Microsoft Word format to your email. If you are sending the essay about writing experience Bodwell School resume to a person, make sure you address that person at the beginning on the email. Use formal not informal language. Don't spam employers. They will just delete your application if it is grammar Fryeburg Academy part of group mailout and is not targeted. Q. Writing Bodwell High School? I'm older and worried my age will work against me. What can I do?
Highlight your most recent work history and accomplishments that demonstrate your ability to do the work you're applying for. Make sure you don't include too much of your work history. Don't include date of birth or high-school education and how to Braemar College don't go back too far in your work experience. Try to essay about experience Bodwell structure you resume to suit the targeted job you are going for. For Essay Academy? A functional resume format is writing School often the best approach.
Q. Academy? What if I have gaps in employment or education? Describe what you were doing while out of the workforce under an appropriate heading, e.g. skills, voluntary or community work (especially if it provided you with valuable experience). Use a skills-based resume. Don't panic if you don't cover them all. Just include the years you worked rather than the month and essay about writing year. If questioned in an interview explain the reasons why and keep highlighting your strengths (e.g. How To Write To Essay Aiglon College? I wasn't working at that time because I really wanted to focus on my studies).
This demonstrates that you are committed to doing a good job. Q. What if I've only worked for High one employer? If you've had different positions within the organisation, then list the how to write a good School positions separately and essay about writing experience Bodwell School explain your responsibilities and accomplishments in each one. If you've stayed in how to a good persuasive Kent School one position only, make sure that you list and expand on your accomplishments for that position. Q. What if I have had a lot of short-term jobs?
Try to combine several jobs into essay one common area. For example, under 'Employment' state: '1998-2000 Office administration duties at a hardware store, insurance company and consulting firm.' Q. What if I'm interested in more than one work opportunity? Modify your resume for grammar writing Fryeburg each position so that it is targeted to each organisation and role. Q. What if I haven't finished my studies? Under the 'Education' section in your resume, state: 'Graduation/diploma/degree anticipated in experience Bodwell High (date)'
Q. I'm a student and critical thinking podcast The University of Illinois the only jobs I've held are part-time and summer jobs. Experience Bodwell High School? How do I make them seem important? Every job you've held is important because you acquired workplace experience. Thinking Podcast The University Of Illinois In Chicago? Q. What do I do if I have no relevant work experience ? Get some relevant experience through volunteering. Re-examine all your past work and volunteer experiences and writing High see what transferable skills can be highlighted. Q. What do employers look for when selecting graduates?
On average, Human Resources (HR) managers spend only 15 seconds to four minutes reading each resume . What an employer looks for in an essay Braemar applicant may vary depending on the job they are trying to fill. However, usually there are common skills or competencies in all jobs. This is especially true in graduate recruitment, where an employer may look to essay writing High School recruit a graduate with generic skills or competencies which can be developed.
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Social Studies 10 Course Overview - Bodwell High School
oedipus joke essay Ed Friedlander, M.D. This website collects no information. About High School. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified April 1, 2010. . pluck out the heart of my mystery. A How Aiglon. -- Hamlet. This page is for high school and college students, or anyone else. Everybody brings a different set of experiences to a book, a theater, or a classroom.
Although I've tried to about writing Bodwell help, ultimately you'll need to decide for yourself about Shakespeare and Hamlet. I hope you have as much fun as I have! Once you get past the minor difficulties posed by the language, you'll probably enjoy Hamlet -- and not just for its action. Hamlet is the first work of how to write persuasive Kent School, literature to look squarely at the stupidity, falsity and sham of everyday life , without laughing and about Bodwell High School without easy answers. In a world where things are not as they seem, Hamlet's genuineness, thoughtfulness, and sincerity make him special. Hamlet is no saint. But unlike most of the other characters (and most people today), Hamlet chooses not to compromise with evil.
Dying, Hamlet reaffirms the tragic dignity of a basically decent person in a bad world . Hamlet is the magazine summary IUBH first work of literature to show an ordinary person looking at the futility and wrongs in life, asking the toughest questions and coming up with honest semi-answers like most people do today. Unlike so much of popular culture today, Hamlet leaves us with the message that life is indeed worth living, even by imperfect people in an imperfect world. Shakespeare's Hamlet is full of talk about death, dead bodies, murder, suicide, disease, graves, and so forth. And there is no traditional Christian comfort or promise of eventual justice or happiness for the good people. Essay About Experience High. But the message is ultimately one of hope.
You can be a hero. Aristotle wrote that in a tragedy, the protagonist by definition learns something. Whatever you may think of Aristotle's reductionist ideas about serious drama, Shakespeare's heroes all develop philosophically. (You may not agree with everything they decide.) As you read the play, watch how Hamlet -- who starts by wishing he was dead -- comes to terms with life, keeps his integrity, and strikes back successfully at what's wrong around him. So far as I know, it's the first time this theme -- now so common -- appeared in world literature. Revenge should know no bounds. Article Summary IUBH Of Business. -- Claudius.
Hamlet, our hero, is the son of the previous king of Denmark, also named Hamlet (Old Hamlet, Hamlet Senior as we'd say), who has died less than two months ago. Hamlet remembers his father as an essay all-around good guy, and as a tender husband who would even make a special effort to for essay writing shield his wife's face from the cold Danish wind. The day Hamlet was born, Old Hamlet settled a land dispute by killing the King of Norway in personal combat. How old is Hamlet? We have contradictory information.
The gravedigger mentions that Hamlet is thirty years old, and that the jester with whom Hamlet played as a child has been dead for twenty-three years. A thirty-year-old man might still be a college student. However, Ophelia is unmarried in an era when girls usually married in their teens, and several characters refer to Hamlet's youth. So we might prefer to think that Hamlet is in his late teens or early twenties. And many people have seen Hamlet's bitter, sullen outlook at the beginning of the play as typical of youth. Bodwell High. You'll need to decide that one for yourself. (I think thirty might be a mistake for twenty. Richard Burbage, who played Hamlet first, was older than twenty, and perhaps the editor thought twenty must be wrong.
You decide.) Hamlet was a college student at Wittenberg when his father died. (Of course the historical Hamlet, who lived around 700, could not have attended Wittenberg, founded in 1502). The monarchy went to thinking in Chicago his father's brother, Claudius. Essay Writing Bodwell High School. (Shakespeare and the other characters just call him King.) Hamlet's mother, Gertrude, married Claudius within less than a month. Old Hamlet died during his after-lunch nap in his garden. Write Persuasive Essay Kent. The public was told that Old Hamlet died of essay about writing experience Bodwell, snakebite.
The truth is that Claudius murdered Old Hamlet by pouring poison in his ear. Old Hamlet died fast but gruesomely. The ghost describes the king's seduction of the queen (the garbage passage) just prior to describing the actual murder. This makes the thinking podcast The University most sense if the queen actually committed adultery before the murder, and that the affair was its actual motive. Even in our modern age, if a twenty-plus-year marriage ends with the essay Bodwell sudden death of one partner, and the survivor remarries four weeks later, I'd believe that there had probably been an adulterous affair. And everybody at how to write a how to essay College, the Danish court must have thought the same thing. If you don't know this, you're naive.
It's not clear that Gertrude actually knew a murder was committed, and we never get proof that anyone else knew for experience Bodwell High, certain, either. But everybody must have been suspicious. And nobody was saying anything. Young Hamlet is very well-liked. Writing Fryeburg Academy. He is essay about writing experience Bodwell High, a soldier, a scholar, and a diplomat.
We learn that he's the glass of fashion and the mould of form, i.e., the young man that everybody else tried to imitate. He's also loved of the distracted multitude, i.e., the ordinary people like him, and if anything were to happen to him, there would be riots. Exactly why Claudius rather than Hamlet succeeded Old Hamlet is writing Fryeburg Academy, not explained. About Experience Bodwell High School. Hamlet refers (V.ii) to a lit essay Braemar the election, i.e., the choosing of a new king by a vote of a small number of warlords (as in Macbeth). (By Shakespeare time, it was the Danish royal family that voted.) Interestingly, the Norwegian king is also succeeded by essay writing Bodwell High, his brother, rather than by his own infant son Fortinbras. Or the royal title may have gone to Claudius simply because he married the royal widow, who he calls our imperial jointress. Some people may tell you that in the Dark Ages, Jutland may have practiced matrilineal descent, i.e., a society where family identity and inheritance is passed through the female line. Since this is historical fiction, and since the historical Hamlet's uncle simply held a public coup, this seems moot. Matrilineal descent is known among some primitive people in our own century, and is attested to articles Leighton Park by ancient writers on various cultures. The advantage of about Bodwell High, this system is that the best men tend to get picked for hereditary positions of power. Essay Leighton. With male-line succession, the old king is essay about Bodwell, followed by his oldest son, who may be stupid and grammar Academy get himself killed quickly. Under matrilineal descent, the old king picks the man who will actually wield power after he is gone, but still preserves his own genes.
In spite of what anybody else may tell you, we know of no human culture where the men, who are physically stronger and do the fighting, let the women make the laws and the big decisions (a matriarchy). About High. You may decide this is article summary IUBH, unfortunate. A real anthropologist, Eric J. Essay About Writing Experience High School. Smith [link is now down] at U. Wash., points out thinking The University of Illinois, that its checks-and-balances system made the Iroquois government the closest thing to essay writing Bodwell a matriarchy ever described. The play opens on the battlements of the castle. IUBH Of Business & Management. It's midnight. (Shakespeare anachronistically says 'Tis now struck twelve.) Francisco has been keeping watch, and Bernardo comes to essay about Bodwell School relieve him. Neither man recognizes the other in the darkness, and a lit Braemar College each issues a tense challenge. Francisco remarks, It's bitter cold. and I am sick at heart. This sets the scene, since Shakespeare had no way of darkening his theater or showing the weather.
The fact that each guard suspects the other of being an essay about writing experience School intruder indicates all is not well, even though Francisco does not say why he is sick at heart. Francisco leaves, and Marcellus arrives to how to write share Bernardo's watch. Bernardo is surprised to see also Hamlet's school friend Horatio (who has just arrived at the castle; we never really find out why he's here) with Marcellus. Essay School. Marcellus and Bernardo think they have twice seen the ghost of Old Hamlet. A How To Essay College. Horatio is skeptical. The ghost appears, the men agree it looks like the old king, and Horatio (who is a scholar and thus knows something of the paranormal) tries to talk to it. The ghost turns away as if driven back / offended by writing High, the word heaven (God), and it disappears. The men talk about a good persuasive Kent Old Hamlet. They also talk about the unheralded naval build-up commanded by the present king. This is in response to an expected military invasion by the Norwegian prince Fortinbras, who wishes to regain the territories lost by his father's death. The men wonder whether the ghost is returned to essay writing warn about how to a lit essay College military disaster.
The ghost reappears. The men try to talk to it to writing Bodwell High School find out what it wants. They try to strike it. It looks like it is about to thinking The University in Chicago speak, but suddenly a rooster crows (the signal of morning) and essay experience Bodwell High School the ghost fades away. Fryeburg Academy. (As usual, Shakespeare is telescoping time.) Marcellus relates a beautiful legend that during the Christmas season, roosters might crow through the night, keeping the essay about writing experience High School dark powers at bay. Claudius holds court.
This is apparently his first public meeting since becoming king. Also present are the queen, Hamlet, the royal counselor Polonius, Polonius's son Laertes, and the Council -- evidently the warlords who support his monarchy. Hamlet is still wearing mourning black, while everybody else (to please Claudius) is dressed festively. Claudius wants to show what a good leader he is. He begins by how to essay Braemar, talking about the mix of sorrow for his brother's death, and essay about writing Bodwell High joy in his new marriage. He reminds the Council that they have approved his marriage and accession, and thanks them. Claudius announces that Fortinbras of Norway is raising an army to try to take back the land his father lost to Old Hamlet.
Claudius emphasizes that Fortinbras can't win militarily. Claudius still wants a diplomatic solution and sends two negotiators to Norway. Next, Laertes asks permission to write a lit return to France. The king calls on Polonius. When Polonius is talking to the king, he always uses a flowery, more-words-than-needed style.
Polonius can be played either for humor, or as a sinister old man. (Sinister, evil people can still do foolish things -- like getting themselves caught spying on someone who is essay about writing High School, very upset.) Either fits nicely with the play's theme of phoniness. Polonius says he is agreeable, and the king gives permission. This was rehearsed, and Claudius is essay Leighton Park, taking advantage of the opportunity to look reasonable, especially because he is about to writing Bodwell School deal with Hamlet, who wants to return to college. Claudius calls Hamlet cousin (i.e., close relative) and son (stepson), and asks why he is still sad. Hamlet puns. His mother makes a touching speech about thinking podcast The University in Chicago how everything must die, passing from nature to eternity, i.e., a better afterlife. Essay About Writing High. She asks him why he is still acting (seems) sad. Hamlet replied he's not acting, just showing how he really feels. Claudius makes a very nice speech, asks that Hamlet stay at the court, and reaffirms that Hamlet is heir to IUBH of Business his property and throne. Hamlet's mother adds a nice comment, and Hamlet agrees to stay. He may not really have a choice, especially since Claudius calls his answer gentle and unforced.
Does Claudius really care about Hamlet? Maybe. The meeting is over, and about School Claudius announces there will be a party, at which he'll have the guards shoot off a cannon every time he finishes a drink. Hamlet is left alone. He talks to himself / the audience. For Essay Fryeburg. Today's movie directors would use voice-overs for such speeches (soliloquies if they are long and the speaker is alone, asides if they are short and there are other folks on essay writing School, stage.) He talks about losing interest in for essay, life and how upset he is by essay writing experience Bodwell, his mother's remarriage and its implications. (In Shakespeare's era, it was considered morally wrong to marry your brother's widow. Henry VIII's first wife had been married to Henry's older brother, who died, but the marriage had not been consummated.
This puzzle sparked the English reformation.) Hamlet is trapped in a situation where things are obviously very wrong. Like other people at such times, Hamlet wishes God hadn't forbidden suicide. Interestingly, he does not mention being angry about not being chosen king. Horatio, Marcellus, and Bernardo come in. Hamlet is surprised to see his school buddy. Persuasive School. Horatio says he's truant (not true), and that he came to see the old king's funeral (not true -- he's much too late). Hamlet jokes that his mother's wedding followed so quickly that they served the leftovers from the funeral dinner. (I think Horatio probably came to Elsinore out of about experience Bodwell, concern for Hamlet, spoke with the guards first, and was invited at once to see the ghost. Some guys don't say to another guy, I came to see YOU even when it's obvious.) You'll need to decide what Hamlet means when he says that he sees his father in grammar for essay writing Fryeburg, his mind's eye.
Sometimes, bereaved people notice their eyes fooling them -- shadows forming themselves in the mind into an image of the deceased. Other mourners report even more vivid experiences that they do recognize to be tricks of perception. Or perhaps Hamlet is simply thinking a lot about his father, or holding onto essay experience Bodwell School, his good memories. The friends tell Hamlet about the ghost. Hamlet asks what the ghost looked like -- skin color and beard colors -- and agrees they match his father.
Hamlet asks the men to critical thinking podcast of Illinois in Chicago keep this a secret and to let him join them the next night, hoping the ghost will return and talk. Essay About Writing. Afterwards he says he suspects foul play. Everybody else probably does, too, even without any ghost. Laertes says goodbye to Ophelia, his sister. Write Braemar College. He asks her to write daily, and urges her not to get too fond of Hamlet, who has been showing a romantic interest in her. At considerable length, he explains how Hamlet will not be able to marry beneath his station, and explicitly tells her not to have sex (your chaste treasure open) with him. Ophelia seems to essay about experience Bodwell School be the passive sort, but she has enough spunk to urge him to live clean too, and not be a hypocrite. Laertes suddenly realizes he has to leave quickly (uh huh). Polonius comes in and lays some famous fatherly advice on Laertes.
It's today's self-centered worldly wisdom. Listen closely, and say less than you know. Write. Think before you act. Essay High School. Don't be cold, but don't be too friendly. Spend most of your time with your genuine friends who've already done you good. Choose your battles carefully, and fight hard. Argumentative Leighton School. Dress for success. Don't loan or borrow money. And most important -- look out for Number One ('Above all -- To thine own self be true.') I get quite a bit of mail about Polonius's advice, especially about To thine own self be true.
Some people see this as Shakespeare's asking us to be totally honest in our dealings with others. Essay Bodwell. Others have seen this as a call to mystical experience, union with the higher self. I can't see this. The key is to thine own self. In Shakespeare's time, the expression true to meant be loyal or look out first for the interests of. ; it also meant fidelity to a romantic relationship. This usage recurs in the Beatle' song All My Loving. To be false implies making a promise or a pretense and not delivering. If it's clear up front that you don't do favors without expecting something in return, nobody can complain about being misled.
The rest of Polonius's advice is otherwise totally worldly, practical, and amoral (though not immoral) -- what one would read in a self-help book. Polonius is not the how to persuasive School model for writing High School, scrupulous honesty. Polonius tells Reynaldo to School of Business & Management lie. Essay About Writing. Polonius lies to the king and queen, claiming he knew nothing of Hamlet's romantic interest before he saw his love letters. And Polonius tells his daughter that everybody puts on a false front. Hearing this actually makes the king feel ashamed. When Laertes leaves, Polonius questions Ophelia about her relationship with Hamlet. One can play Polonius as kind and how to write to essay College jocular with his son, rough (even cruel and writing Bodwell obscene) with his daughter. He calls her naïve, orders her not even to talk to grammar writing Hamlet, and demands to about writing experience Bodwell High School see his love letters to her. Contemporary readers who are puzzled by this should remember that in Hamlet's era (and Shakespeare's), a father would probably get less money from thinking The University of Illinois his future son-in-law if his daughter was not a virgin. Polonius, of about experience High, course, pretends he cares only about Ophelia's well-being.
Hamlet, Horatio, and the guards are on the walls just after midnight, waiting for a how, the ghost. The king is still partying, and trumpets and High cannon go off because he's just finished another drink. Hamlet notes that this is a custom more honored in the breach than [in] the observance, now a popular phrase. (This was a Danish custom in Shakespeare's time too. The Danish people's neighbors make fun of them for this. Old Hamlet may not have engaged in the practice, hence the breach.)
This fact inspires Hamlet to make a long speech, So, oft it chances. Thinking Podcast Of Illinois. , about how a person's single fault (a moral failure, or even a physical disfigurement) governs how people think about essay School them, overriding everything that is good. Of course this doesn't represent how Hamlet thinks about write persuasive essay Kent Claudius (who he detests for lots of reasons), and it's hard to explain what this is doing in the play -- apart from the fact that it's very true-to-life. You may decide that Hamlet is essay experience Bodwell School, restating the play's theme of for essay writing, appearance-vs.-reality. The ghost enters. Hamlet challenges it. He asks whether it is good or evil, his real father or a devilish deception.
He asks why it has returned, making us think about the unthinkable and unknown (so horridly to shake our disposition / with thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls). The ghost beckons Hamlet. Horatio warns him not to follow, because the ghost might drive him insane. Essay About Experience School. Horatio notes that everybody looking down from an unprotected large height thinks about jumping to death (a curious fact). Hamlet is determined to follow the ghost, and probably draws his sword on his companions. (So much for critical thinking The University of Illinois, the idea that Hamlet is psychologically unable to take decisive action.) Hamlet says, My fate cries out, i.e., that he's going to his destiny. He walks off the stage after the ghost. Directors often have Hamlet hold the handle of his sword in front of his face to make a cross, holy symbol for protection.
Marcellus (who like everybody else surely suspects Claudius of foul play) says, Something is rotten in the state of Denmark (usually misquoted and misattributed to Hamlet himself.) Horatio says God will take care of Hamlet (Heaven will direct it). Nay, says Marcellus, unwilling to leave the supernatural up to God, let's follow him. The scene change is to indicate that the place has changed, i.e., Hamlet and the ghost are higher up. Hamlet demands that the ghost talk, and he does. He claims to be Old Hamlet. Because he died with unconfessed sins, he is essay writing Bodwell School, going to a lit essay Braemar College burn for a long time before he finds rest. He gives gruesome hints of an afterlife that he is not allowed to describe. (Even the more fortunate dead returning to earth are fat weeds.) He then reveals that he was murdered by Claudius, who had been having sex with the queen. (At least the ghost says they were already having an affair. Before he describes the essay about Bodwell murder, the write a good persuasive Kent ghost says that Claudius had won to his shameful lust the affections of the seeming-virtuous queen.) The ghost's account now becomes very picturesque.
Old Hamlet says that Claudius's natural gifts were far inferior to his own, i.e., that Old Hamlet was much better looking, smarter, nicer, and so forth. Claudius was a smooth talker (wit) and gave her presents. Old Hamlet says that lust, though to a radiant angel linked / Will sate itself in essay about experience High, a celestial bed / And prey on garbage. In plain language, Gertrude was too dirty-minded for a nice man like Old Hamlet. She jumped into bed with a dirtball. Claudius poured poison in the king's ear. Old Hamlet tells the grisly effects of the poison. Magazine Article Summary IUBH School Of Business & Management. It coagulated his blood and caused his skin to crust, killing him rapidly. His line O horrible, O horrible, most horrible! is probably better given to experience School Hamlet. The ghost calls on how to write a lit essay, Hamlet to avenge him by killing Claudius. He also tells him not to kill his mother. (Taint not thy mind. doesn't mean to think nice thoughts, which would be impossible, but simply not to think of killing her.) The ghost has to leave because morning is approaching.
Hamlet says he'll remember what he's heard while memory holds a seat [i.e., still functions] in this distracted globe. By distracted globe, Hamlet probably means both my distraught head and this crazy world. (The name of the theater, too.) Hamlet already has made up his mind about Claudius and his mother, without the ghost's help. Essay About School. So before considering whether the ghost is telling the truth, Hamlet calls his mother a most pernicious woman, and says of critical in Chicago, Claudius one may smile, and smile, and about Bodwell High be a villain. We all know that from experience -- most really bad people pretend to essay Park School be nice and friendly. When Hamlet's friends come in, he says, There's never a [i.e., no] villain in all Denmark. He probably meant to about experience High School say, . as Claudius, but realizes in midsentence that this isn't the essay Leighton Park thing to say.
He finishes the sentence as a tautology (Villains are knaves.) Hamlet says he thinks the ghost is telling the truth, says he will feign madness (put an antic disposition on -- he doesn't explain why), and (perhaps re-enacting a scene in essay about writing experience Bodwell High School, the old play) swears them to secrecy on his sword and in Park School, several different locations while the writing experience ghost hollers Swear from for essay writing Academy below the stage. It's obvious that Hamlet's excitement is about experience Bodwell, comic, and the scene is funny. Hamlet calls the ghost boy, truepenny, and old mole, and persuasive School says to his friends, You hear this fellow in the cellarage. Experience Bodwell. It seems to how to a good persuasive essay Kent School me that Shakespeare is parodying the older play, and even making fun of the idea of ghosts, and writing experience Bodwell School that he's saying, Don't take this plot seriously, but listen to the ideas. Horatio comments how strange this all is, and a good essay Kent School Hamlet (who likes puns) says that they should welcome the essay writing Bodwell ghost as a stranger in articles School, need. There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy. (Ethan Hawke has our philosophy. Essay About Writing. I wonder if this might be what Shakespeare actually wrote.) In Shakespeare's era, philosophy means what we call natural science.
Notice that Horatio, who is skeptical of ghosts, is the one who suggests trusting God when the ghost appears, and who will later talk about flights of angels carrying Hamlet's soul to heaven. Shakespeare's more rational-minded contemporaries (and probably Shakespeare himself) probably did not believe in ghosts. Summary IUBH & Management. But scientific atheism (scientific reductionism, naïve naturalism) wasn't a clearly-articulated philosophy in Shakespeare's era. Some time has passed. From Ophelia's remarks in III.ii. (which happens the day after II.i), we learn that Old Hamlet has now been dead for four months. Writing Experience. Shakespeare telescopes time. We learn (in this scene) that Ophelia has (on Polonius's orders) refused to accept love letters from Hamlet and told him not to come near her. We learn in the next scene (which follows soon after) that the king and queen have sent to Wittenberg for critical, Hamlet's long-time friends, Rosencrantz and about experience Guildenstern (two common Danish surnames), and that they are now here. Hamlet has been walking around aimlessly in the palace for up to four hours at a time.
Polonius, in article summary, private, sends his servant Reynaldo to spy on Laertes. Polonius reminds him of how an essay experience School effective spy asks open-ended questions and tells little suggestive lies. Polonius likes to spy. Ophelia comes in, obviously upset. She describes Hamlet's barging into her bedroom, with his doublet all unbraced (we'd say, his shirt open in argumentative Park School, front), his dirty socks crunched down, and pale and about knock-kneed, as if he had been loosèd out of hell / to speak of write, horrors.
Or, as might say, as if he'd seen a ghost. Hamlet grabbed her wrist, stared at her face, sighed, let her go, and walked out the door backwards. What's happened? Hamlet, who has set about to writing feign mental illness, is how to a how College, actually just acting on his own very genuine feelings. Hamlet cares very much about Ophelia. Writing High. He must have hoped for a happy life with her. Now it is painfully obvious that they are both prisoners of how to write a lit Braemar College, a system that will never allow them to have the happiness that they should. If you want to write a good essay, jot down in about 500 words what Hamlet was thinking while he was saying nothing. Here's where we really see him starting to be conflicted. Will he strike back, or just play along with Claudius and about High School perhaps marry the woman he loves and be happy? What kind of a relationship can a man who's trying to be upright have in a bad world?
Hamlet says everything and says nothing, just as the skull will do later. When Hamlet acts like a flesh-and-blood human being showing authentic emotions, people like Polonius will say he is insane. And Polonius suggests Hamlet is lovesick. Maybe Polonius really believes this. Maybe he just realized that perhaps his daughter might be the next Queen of Denmark. The king and queen welcome Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. How To A Lit College. Claudius says that except for the death of Hamlet's father, he's clueless as to why Hamlet is essay about writing High, upset. (Uh huh.) He asks them very nicely to try to figure out what's wrong so Claudius can help. (Now Claudius might well be sincere.) Gertrude says she wants them to make Hamlet happy, and that the good and generous king will reward them well. Critical Thinking The University In Chicago. Both say how much they appreciate the opportunity, and Claudius thanks them. Often a director will have Claudius call each by the other's name, and Gertrude point out which is which (lines 33-34).
They go off to find Hamlet. Polonius comes in and announces that the ambassadors from Norway have returned, and essay about writing School that after their report he will tell them why Hamlet is acting strange. Gertrude thinks that Hamlet is simply distressed over his father's death (which Claudius thought of) and her remarriage (which Claudius pretended he couldn't think of.) The ambassadors are back from Norway. Fortinbras was indeed mounting an army to attack Claudius's Denmark. The King of critical thinking in Chicago, Norway was sick and supposedly thought Fortinbras was going to invade Poland instead. (Uh huh.) When he learned the truth, the King of Norway arrested Fortinbras, made him promise not to invade Denmark, and Bodwell High paid him to invade Poland instead. The King of Norway now requests that Claudius let Fortinbras pass through Denmark for the invasion. (Denmark is on to essay, the invasion route from essay about writing experience Bodwell School Norway to Poland if the how to essay College Norwegian army is to cross the sea to Denmark.
And we know a sea-invasion was expected from the amount of shipbuilding mentioned in I.i.) This all seems fake and for show, and probably Claudius (who doesn't seem at all surprised) and the King of Norway had an understanding beforehand. As before, Polonius can be a foolish busybody or a sinister old man. (Foolish busybodies do not usually become chief advisors to warrior-kings.) Polonius launches into a verbose speech about essay about writing experience Bodwell finding the cause of madness, prompting the queen to how to persuasive School tell him to get to the point (More matter with less art; the queen actually cares about Hamlet.) He reads a love letter from Hamlet. It's about the genuineness of his love. Polonius asks the king, What do you think of essay, me? The king replies, [You are] a man faithful and honorable. Now Polonius tells a lie. He emphasizes that he had no knowledge of Hamlet's romantic interest in Ophelia until she told him and how to a lit essay Braemar College gave him the essay about writing experience School love letter. Polonius then truthfully tells how he forbade Ophelia to see or accept messages from Hamlet.
However, Polonius does not mention the wrist-grabbing episode. He then reminds the king of how to Aiglon, how reliable an advisor he has always been, and writing says Take this from this (my head off my shoulders, or my insignia of office from me; the actor will show which is meant) if this be otherwise. He finishes, If circumstances lead me [i.e., allow, the how to a lit essay actor could say let], I will find / Where truth is hid, though it were hid indeed / Within the center [of the earth]. Essay About Writing Experience Bodwell High. He suggests he and the king hide and watch Ophelia and Hamlet. Polonius likes to spy. At this time, Hamlet (who may have been eavesdropping), walks in reading a book.
Polonius questions him, and Hamlet pretends to be very crazy by podcast of Illinois, giving silly answers. They are pointed, referring to the dishonesty of Polonius (To be honest, as this world goes, is to be one man picked out of ten thousand.) Once again, simply being sincere and genuine looks to the courtiers like being crazy. Hamlet is about Bodwell School, well-aware that Polonius has forbidden Ophelia to see him, and he refers obliquely to this. Polonius notes in an aside (a movie director would use a voice-over), Though this be madness, yet there is method in it -- another famous line often misquoted. The speech of the insane, as Polonius notes, often makes the best sense. Why is Hamlet pretending to be comically-crazy? He said he would put an antic disposition on just after he saw the ghost.
You'll have to think hard about this, or suspend your judgement. Shakespeare was constrained by the original Hamlet story to have Hamlet pretend to grammar for essay writing Academy be comically insane, and for the king to try to about writing find whether he was really crazy or just faking. Argumentative Essay Leighton Park School. But Hamlet is also distraught, and the play is largely a study of his emotional turmoil while he is forced to endure a rotten environment. You might decide that Hamlet, knowing that his behavior is going to be abnormal because he is under stress, wants to essay writing experience High mislead the court into thinking he is simply nuts rather than bent on revenge. (Of course, this is completely unlike his motivation in the original story, where he pretends to write Kent be insane so that people will believe he poses no threat.) I've never been able to decide for myself. Polonius leaves, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (who have been watching) enter. Hamlet realizes right away that they have been sent for.
They share a dirty joke about Lady Luck's private parts that would have been very funny to writing Bodwell High School Shakespeare's contemporaries, and Hamlet calls Denmark a prison. When they disagree (Humor a madman), Hamlet says There is critical The University in Chicago, nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. To me it is essay about, a prison. Hamlet is making fun of how naive his fake friends are, and The University of Illinois in Chicago perhaps wishing he knew less than he did. (Note that Hamlet is obviously not referring to the idea that there are no moral standards common to the whole human race -- as do certain contemporary multiculturalists. The theme of about Bodwell School, right and wrong pervades the play.) The idea that attitude is everything was already familiar from how to a how Aiglon College Montaigne, and from common sense. Essay About Writing Experience Bodwell. Again we have the theme of the play -- Hamlet chooses NOT to magazine article summary of Business ignore the evil around him, though everybody else has, or pretends to have, a good attitude toward a terrible situation. The spies suggest Hamlet is simply too ambitious. This is essay about experience, ironic, since they are the ones who are spying on their friend for a king's money. Hamlet replies, O God, I could be bounded in essay articles Leighton Park School, a nutshell and essay about experience Bodwell count myself a king of infinite space, were it not that I have bad dreams.
The friends continue to play on grammar Academy, the idea that Hamlet's ambitious are being thwarted, sharing some contemporary platitudes about the vanity of earthly ambitions. But it seems (from what will follow) that Hamlet's remembering the time when the world seemed like a much happier place -- before he saw the Bodwell School wrongs as they are. Magazine Summary IUBH & Management. Hamlet then questions the about writing Bodwell High men again about the purpose of their visit. If they actually cared, they would say, Your family asked us to come. We are all very worried about you.
Instead, they pretend they just dropped by to visit, which is thinking, stupid. Only when Hamlet asks them by the rites of our fellowship (i.e., by experience School, our secret fraternity ritual) do they have to tell the grammar writing Fryeburg Academy truth. (In my own college fraternity, we have the essay about writing experience High same understanding and a nearly-identical formula.) Hamlet levels with his friends. There was a time when the beauty of the Academy earth, the sky, and the thoughts and accomplishments of the human race filled him with happiness. (All of this is good Renaissance thought, and familiar from many times and places -- and experience I hope you've felt this as well.) Now he has lost his ability to derive enjoyment, though he knows the earth, sky, and people should still seem wonderful. They seem instead to be the quintessence of dust.
Anyone who's experienced depression knows the feeling. Write A Good Essay School. Quintessence (fifth essence; compare Bruce Willis's Fifth Element) was an idea from prescientific thought -- a mystical substance that made fire, air, water, and earth work together, and supposedly what the essay School planets and stars were made of. The two friends then tell Hamlet that some traveling entertainers will be arriving that evening. They used to have their own theater, but some child-actors became more popular (a contemporary allusion by Shakespeare to the late summer of writing Fryeburg, 1600), and the adult actors took to the road. Hamlet compares the experience Bodwell High public's changing tastes to the way people feel about his uncle. Argumentative Leighton School. (Q2 omits the reference to the child actors, but without it, the writing experience Bodwell High School transition between the actor's losing popularity and the new king gaining popularity makes no sense, so it cannot be an interpolation.) Hamlet quickly and obliquely tell his friends he is only faking (I am but mad north-north-west. When the wind is argumentative articles, southerly, I know a hawk from a handsaw.) The players arrive, heralded by Polonius, who Hamlet calls a big baby. Hamlet fakes madness for Polonius's benefit.
He pretends he was talking about something else with his friends, refers obliquely to Ophelia, and gives a Bronx cheer (Buzz buzz). When the players arrive, Hamlet drops the pretense of madness, and greets old friends. One actor repeats a bombastic speech on the fall of Troy, overacting with tears in his eyes. Hamlet asks Polonius to treat the actors well. Polonius says he'll treat them as they deserve -- actors were considered undesirables. Hamlet says, [Treat them] better. Writing Bodwell High School. Use every man after his desert [i.e., deserving], and who shall [e]scape whipping? Hamlet gets an Fryeburg idea. He asks for a performance of The Murder of Gonzago, with a short speech by Hamlet himself added. (Don't try to figure out what happened to this speech.) Everybody leaves. Hamlet soliloquizes. About Experience Bodwell High. He calls himself a rogue and a peasant slave.
A rogue was a dishonest person; a peasant slave was an oppressed farm worker. He talks about how the actor got himself all worked-up over something about essay School which he really cared nothing (the fall of Troy). Writing Bodwell High. Hamlet contrasts this with his own passiveness in both word and deed. How To Write To Essay Aiglon College. What does Hamlet really mean? He reminds us, at the end of the soliloquy, that even though he thinks the ghost is telling the truth, he needs to about High School be sure this is not a demonic deception. Argumentative Articles Leighton. In the meantime, though, he hates Claudius with a silent hatred that contrasts with the actor's fake show.
Hamlet calls himself gutless (I am lily-livered and lack gall). Some commentators have taken Hamlet at his word, and thought he is obsessing and/or depressed, both of which interfere with action. But it seems to essay writing experience High me that this is simply a human response to being unable to do anything -- we blame ourselves instead of circumstances. Especially, Hamlet is write a how, upset that he needs to make compromises with the world in which he finds himself. Essay About Writing Experience Bodwell. Perhaps this is confusing -- since Hamlet still doesn't know for sure that the king is essay Park, guilty.
But it's true to the human experience, and the ideas that Shakespeare has been developing. I hope you'll think about this, and decide for yourself. The next day, the two spies visit with the king and queen, as well as Polonius, who has brought Ophelia. Writing Bodwell School. They say what everybody knows -- Hamlet's crazy talk is crafty madness to hide a secret, and that he really is upset about something. They invite the summary of Business royal couple to the play, and the king seems genuinely glad that Hamlet's found something he will enjoy.
The king sends the queen and the spies away. Polonius gives his daughter a book, plants her where Hamlet will find her, and Bodwell School tells her to pretend she is reading. Polonius tells her (or to the king?), It's all right, dear, everybody pretends. (With devotion's visage / and pious action we do sugar o'er / the how to write to essay devil himself.) The king sees the essay about writing experience Bodwell High application to himself, and how to School says, No kidding. About Experience Bodwell. (How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience!) This is powerful -- we suddenly learn that the king feels horrible about his own crime. Maybe this surprises us. If Polonius is a sinister old man and knows all about the murder, the king says this directly to him as they are out of earshot of Ophelia. Polonius can grunt cynically in thinking podcast of Illinois, response -- there's nothing really to say in reply. If Polonius is a foolish old man, the king says this as an aside. We have just learned that the king really does hate his crime, and suffers under a heavy burden. Hamlet's famous speech on whether it's worthwhile living or doing anything needs little comment.
He says it seems to him that life is not worth living, mostly because people treat each other so stupidly and badly. We also suffer from disease and old age -- even living too long is about High School, a calamity. But Hamlet foregoes suicide because something after death might be as bad or worse, if we've taken our own lives or haven't lived. He's saying what many people have felt, especially those who do not assume that the write a lit essay Braemar College Christian account of the afterlife is true -- or even that there is any afterlife. Notice that Hamlet says that nobody's returned to tell of the afterlife -- the ghost notwithstanding. Shakespeare seems to experience be saying, loud and clear, Don't focus on the story. Focus on the ideas. Argumentative Articles Park. Some people have been puzzled by the lines Thus conscience does make cowards of us all; / And thus the native hue of resolution / Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought, / And enterprises of great pitch and moment / With this regard their currents turn awry / And lose the name of action. Not only is Hamlet talking about actual suicide -- he's also talking about lifelong suicide by essay about writing Bodwell High, doing nothing, choosing the critical of Illinois in Chicago easy passive approach to life. Compare this to Hamlet's calling himself gutless merely because he can't kill the king until he has all the facts and a good opportunity. It's human nature to about writing experience Bodwell feel cowardly and how to ineffective when you're unable (or too smart) to take decisive (or rash) action.
Hamlet sees Ophelia, reading a book. He assumes it's her prayer book (she is evidently not much of a pleasure reader), and essay writing experience Bodwell asks her to pray for the forgiveness of his sins. For Essay Writing. Instead, she tries to essay experience High give him back his love letters, saying he has prove[d] unkind, which is ridiculous. Hamlet immediately realizes that she has been put up to this. He responds like a thoughtful man of strong feelings. How To Essay. He generalizes his disappointment with the School two women in his life to all women -- I think unfairly. (Watch how his attitude toward women matures later in the play.) But the Olivier movie's torrent of loud verbal abuse seems wrong. Showing Hamlet's emotional turmoil and conflict seems better.
Rather, Hamlet sees Ophelia being corrupted by the world with which he feels he has already had to compromise. He doesn't want this to happen to the girl about whom he cares so much. How To Essay Kent. Like most men during breaking up, he says I loved you and I didn't love you. More meaningfully, Hamlet talks about fakeness. He asks where her father is, and essay must know that she is lying. (In Ethan Hawke's version, he finds a wire microphone hidden on Ophelia.) He wants Ophelia to remain good, even as he sees himself becoming compromised. She would have an write essay College opportunity to about writing High renounce the argumentative essay Leighton School world by joining a convent, and he urges her to do so. (Decide for yourself about anything anybody may tell you about nunnery being Hamlet's double-meaning for whorehouse.
I can't make sense out of this in the present context.) In our world, even being beautiful drives people to about experience High School be dishonest. Argumentative Articles. Disgusted with the world, Hamlet suggests that there be no more marriages -- suicide for the human race. Ophelia thinks Hamlet, who she admired so much, is crazy. Essay About Writing Experience Bodwell High. (Once again, being genuine looks like insanity.) But the king comes out and says that he thinks that Hamlet is neither in love, nor insane, but very upset about something. Polonius decides he'll get Hamlet to talk to his mother next, while Polonius eavesdrops again. Polonius likes to spy. Write A Lit Braemar. The king decides that he will send Hamlet to England for the demand of our neglected tribute (i.e., to ask for essay, protection money.) Hamlet gives an acting lesson, mostly about being genuine. He wants to show people -- body and mind -- as they are. So does Shakespeare.
He talks with Horatio, and we learn that Horatio is writing Fryeburg Academy, a poor boy who's had bad luck but who doesn't complain. He and Hamlet are genuine friends who know they can trust each other. (A stoical, kindly friend like Horatio is a good choice for essay about experience High, the Hamlet who we first meet. Write A How Aiglon College. After all, he's considering suicide -- a posture that he will outgrow as the essay High School play goes on.) Hamlet says, Give me that man / That is not passion's slave, and I will wear him / In my heart's core, ay, in my heart of heart, / As I do thee. Our society doesn't talk as much about male bonding as Shakespeare's did. Around 1600, guys -- including Shakespeare -- commonly wrote poems for how to Aiglon College, each other, and nobody thought this was weird. Hamlet tells Horatio to watch the essay about experience Bodwell High School king as the players re-enact the murder of write a lit essay, Old Hamlet. Essay About Bodwell High School. Hamlet jokes -- first bawdily, then about how his mother looks cheerful despite his father having died only two hours ago. Grammar Writing. (Ophelia, who is literal-minded and thinks he is crazy, corrects him.) The play begins with a dumb show, in which the about writing Bodwell story is pantomimed. The king and writing Academy the queen profess love, the king falls asleep, and the villain pours poison in the king's ear and seduces the queen. If Polonius is writing School, a sinister old man and Claudius's accomplice, he can glance at the king when the poison is poured in the ear.
If Gertrude knows the write a lit essay details of the homicide (the director can decide), she can glance at about experience Bodwell High School, the king when the poison is poured in how to write Kent School, the ear, or be outraged herself. Many directors will choose to omit everything after the poison is about experience High, poured in a lit College, the dumb show, and essay Bodwell High have the King get upset and run out right now. Otherwise, the play proceeds, while Hamlet cracks dirty jokes and to essay Aiglon College the king mentions that the story is offensive. Courtiers who are suspicious or in-the-know can shoot glances at essay writing experience, the king during the production. When the villain pours the poison in the victim's ear, and Hamlet shouts You will see [next] how the murderer gets the love of [the murdered man]'s wife, the king stands up, shouts Give me some light! Away!, Polonius calls for torches (Somebody get the lights. ), and everybody runs out. It seems to me that the entire Danish court realizes (or will soon realize) that Old Hamlet was murdered by Claudius, and that Hamlet knows too. Magazine Summary IUBH & Management. (Hamlet is about to break through his own mother's denial.) Hamlet and Horatio congratulate each other. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern come back in looking for Hamlet, telling him the king is writing experience High School, very angry (duh) and essay Braemar College that his mother wants to see him (king's orders). Hamlet gives them goofy answers, intending to insult them rather than deceive them. Guildenstern asks for straight answers. Rosencrantz says, My lord, you once did love me, and essay about writing High School asks why Hamlet is article summary School of Business & Management, upset.
Hamlet's response is to tell his friends to play the recorders that the actors brought. Neither knows how. Hamlet says they should be able to, since it is essay Bodwell High, as easy as lying. When they still refuse, Hamlet tells them that they can't play him like they would an instrument. Once again, Hamlet's genuineness looks like madness.
Polonius comes in, and Hamlet, still talking crazy, gets Polonius to agree that a particular cloud looks like each of three different animals. (Appearance versus reality.) In an grammar for essay writing Fryeburg Academy aside, he says to the audience that this is as good a job of acting crazy as he can manage. Alone on stage, Hamlet says, Now could I drink hot blood / And do such bitter business as the day / Would quake to look on. Bodwell High. (Unfortunately for everyone, he is about to do just that, by write to essay Aiglon College, stabbing Polonius.) He says that he'll keep his temper and writing experience High School not hurt his mother physically. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are back with the king, who says Hamlet is how to write a lit essay Braemar, dangerous and that he will send him with them to England with a commission. The two spies talk in Elizabethan platitudes about the writing sacredness of how to write a how to essay College, kingship, the importance of stability in a monarchy, being holy and religious, and so forth. (Uh huh, uh huh.) The spies leave. Essay Experience High School. Polonius enters and tells Claudius he is going to hide in the bedroom. Claudius thanks him. Now Claudius is by himself.
The play has really affected him. He tries to write School pray. We get to listen. If this were a contemporary action movie (today's revenge plays), we would simply hate the bad guy and wait for him to get his just deserts in the end. Shakespeare probably inherited this scene from his source, but he's done something special and unexpected. By giving Claudius real substance and depth, Shakespeare has at writing experience Bodwell High, once imitated life, increased Hamlet's own stature by giving him an enemy with real character, and reinforced the thinking The University of Illinois in Chicago theme of appearance against reality. Hamlet wants to writing experience Bodwell High take decisive action, but can't. It turns out that Claudius cannot, either. And it's Claudius -- not Hamlet -- who is prevented from acting by his own inner turmoil. He hates his crime. How To A Good School. He wants to essay about School repent.
He realizes he could come clean, confess all, and part with his crown. and articles Leighton Park School his queen. He realizes that until he is writing Bodwell High, willing to of Business do this, he cannot find forgiveness from essay School God. Magazine IUBH. But he is afraid of the afterlife (where, unlike this world, money cannot defeat justice). And he is disgusted by the murder itself. Claudius is trying hard, and calls on God's angels to essay Bodwell High help him get up the courage simply to pray for critical thinking The University of Illinois, God's grace. Hamlet enters, sees the about experience High School king unguarded. Perhaps following the plot of the old play, Hamlet spares him, since if he's killed during prayer his soul might end up going to heaven. The actor can say, And so he goes to h. [long pause, he meant to say hell], uh, heaven. Somebody will ask you to say that Hamlet is a very bad person for wanting to wait for for essay writing Fryeburg Academy, his revenge until the king is more likely to end up going to hell. It seems to me that this scene probably was known from the older Hamlet play.
Whatever you make of it, the King's speech is among my favorites. Shakespeare has added a special irony that's apparent in Claudius's words -- he was not even able to pray, only experience Bodwell, struggling. Polonius hides behind a curtain (arras) in the bedroom. Hamlet comes in. The queen yells at him. He yells back.
Hamlet accuses her of write Braemar College, killing his father (i.e., complicity, perhaps just not thinking about what she should realize her first husband was murdered). Of course, there is no evidence she actually knows. (In the quarto version, she says she has no knowledge of the murder.) Gertrude seems puzzled. Notice that Hamlet doesn't even mention that he is watching his mother in the Mousetrap scene; of course, she would pass the test. Essay About Writing Experience. Gertrude gets frightened and The University of Illinois yells Help! Polonius behind the curtain yells Help! In the stress of the moment, Hamlet stabs him to essay experience High death through the curtain. (As a pathologist who's seen plenty of real-life murder, this fits perfectly with the most common scenario. Someone who is argumentative essay, already very upset feels their basic dignity and personal space has been violated. And Polonius has done this to Hamlet.) Trying to avenge a murder and High set things to right, Hamlet has just committed another murder -- this one senseless. Podcast In Chicago. But Hamlet is so focused on his mother that he does not even pause to see who he has killed before he accuses his mother of about School, complicity in the murder of his father. (Hamlet doesn't know for sure.) When Polonius's body falls out from behind the grammar writing Fryeburg curtain, Hamlet remarks he thought it was the king (who he was just with, someplace else), and talks about how being a busybody is dangerous. He turns immediately back to his mother, who is writing experience Bodwell, baffled and evidently is just now realizing herself that Claudius is a murderer. Critical Thinking Podcast The University Of Illinois. (In the quarto version, the queen says something to the effect that she has just now learned of Claudius's guilt.
Perhaps some of the original text of the about Bodwell School play has been lost from the folio version.) Hamlet's speech to his mother has less to do with the murder and how it is how to persuasive Kent, wrong than with her sexual misbehavior and her not mourning her loving first husband. Many of us today will see this as a sexual double-standard from Shakespeare's own time. Maybe this is about writing Bodwell High School, true; in any case, I'm old enough to remember the double standard and how wrong it was. Grammar Writing Academy. Instead, focus on the queen's adultery and ingratitude, wrongs against about Bodwell, her former husband. The ghost enters, visible to Hamlet but not to the queen. Elizabethans believed ghosts might be visible to one person but not to another. Critical The University In Chicago. Perhaps the queen is too morally debased to see the ghost, or perhaps Shakespeare didn't want to clutter his story by having the ghost and the queen have it out between themselves. Writing Bodwell High. As Hamlet says he expects, the ghost is there to reinforce how important it is that Hamlet take revenge.
But the ghost also asks Hamlet to step between [the queen] and her fighting soul, and magazine article IUBH of Business help her in this moment of crisis to essay about experience Bodwell make the right choice. The queen thinks Hamlet is crazy. The ghost leaves. Hamlet tells the queen not to dismiss what he has said about her as the result of madness, and says how ironic it is that virtue (his blunt talk to his mother) has to summary IUBH School of Business ask pardon for its bad manners. Hamlet tells his mother to confess herself to heaven and to repent, and not to have sex with the king. Writing High School. Assume a virtue if you have it not is good advice -- as we'd say today, Fake it 'till you make it, or To be brave, act brave. Carrying out Polonius's body (as in the sources), Hamlet remarks that he's become heaven's scourge and minister against a corrupt world.
He also says it has pleased heaven (God) -- in his killing of the old man -- to punish Polonius for his mean-minded, foolish spying, and to punish Hamlet, who will have to take the consequences of his nasty-and-stupid act. He tells the queen not to reveal that he's feigning madness. A Good School. He also indicates that he already knows the spies are going to do him mischief on the English trip, and that he has a counter-plan that will destroy them. Exiting, he remarks that for once, Polonius doesn't have anything to say. We never do figure out why Gertrude cannot see the ghost (if there is a reason). Essay About Experience Bodwell School. Nor does the scene focus on her realizing that the king is a murderer. Probably Hamlet couldn't persuade her since he still doesn't have the magazine article summary IUBH School & Management evidence; she'll only realize this at the climax when she drinks the poison. Hamlet talks to her, as he does to others (Ophelia, the spies, Horatio) about not being sullied by a crooked, corrupt world. Gertrude has not shown any signs of guilt beforehand, but afterwards, especially in the scenes with Ophelia, she will speak of her guilty conscience.
Now that Hamlet has killed Polonius, he has become himself a murderer and essay about writing experience Bodwell High School the object of Laertes's just quest for revenge. No reasonable person would consider Hamlet either as culpable as Claudius, or excuse him entirely. (A jury today might be understanding, and even a prosecutor might say, Justifiable homicide.) Just recently, we heard Hamlet talk about his own patient merit. Now Hamlet is all-too-human. But there's something else. In this scene, Hamlet and his mother reaffirm their love for how to write to essay Aiglon College, one another. Essay About Experience Bodwell School. From now on, Hamlet will no longer talk about life not being worth living. Grammar For Essay Academy. Perhaps this is the real turning-point of the play. The queen tells the about writing Bodwell High School king what has happened to Polonius, and that Hamlet is insane. The king says he will need to send Hamlet off immediately, make some kind of podcast The University in Chicago, excuse for essay writing experience High, him, and think how to protect the king's own good name (uh huh). Line 40 is defective.
It should conclude with something about slander. Hamlet has hidden Polonius's body, and how to write persuasive essay School when the spies question him, he talks crazy-crafty but says clearly that he knows they are working for the king and against him. He warns them that this is dangerous. By now the two spies do not even pretend they care about Hamlet. The king and two or three of his courtiers enter. Writing Experience High School. The king says he cannot arrest Hamlet for fear of riots, but that the public would accept sending him away. The two spies bring Hamlet in.
He talks crazy, commenting that everybody ends up dead in the end -- fat kings and lean beggars end up both food for worms, simply different menu items. The king tells Hamlet he just go to England, and for essay writing Fryeburg gives sealed letters to the two spies. He tells them, Everything is sealed and done. It sounds as if the spies know the contents of the letters; a director who wishes to essay experience Bodwell High School make this clear can have the king show the letters to the spies first. The spies leave with Hamlet. The king, alone, tells the audience that the letters instruct the King of critical thinking podcast The University of Illinois, England to kill Hamlet upon his arrival. Fortinbras's army crosses the stage, and Fortinbras drops a captain off to visit the Danish court. The captain meets Hamlet, Rosencrantz, and Guildenstern. Hamlet asks about the army, and the captain says that Norway and essay about writing experience Bodwell High School Poland are fighting a stupid war over writing Fryeburg Academy a worthless piece of land. Two thousand people are going to get killed over this nonsense. Experience Bodwell High. Hamlet says this is the result of rich people not having enough to do, a hidden evil like a deep abscess rupturing into the blood.
Alone on stage, Hamlet contrasts himself to Fortinbras. Hamlet has something worth doing that he hasn't yet done. Fortinbras is write a good Kent School, busy doing something that isn't worthwhile. Hamlet reaffirms his bloody intentions. You may be asked to comment on this passage. You'll need to decide for yourself exactly what it means. If you've made it this far, you're up to the challenge. A courtier tells the queen and Horatio that Ophelia is semi-coherent, talking about her dead father and essay Bodwell High School that the grammar for essay Academy world is full of deceptions (There's tricks in the world!) The queen does not want to essay about writing Bodwell School talk to her; in an aside, she says it will trouble and expose her own guilty conscience. Since the scene in how to a lit essay College, her bedroom, the queen has felt guilty. She speaks of her own sick soul and writing experience Bodwell High School of sin's true nature; she also worries if she can keep her own composure with her own bad conscinece (So full of artless jealousy is guilt, it spills itself in fearing to be spilt.) Horatio suggests that the queen should see Ophelia just for political reasons.
Ophelia comes in, singing a song about a dead man, then one about premarital sex. How To Write A Lit Braemar. When she leaves, the king talks to the queen about about all the wrong things that have happened -- Polonius killed and quietly buried without a state funeral, Hamlet sent (just[ly]) away, the people confused and upset, and how to write to essay Laertes on his way back, angry. (The king is, as usual, a hypocrite; everybody knows how the trouble really started.) Just then, Laertes (at the head of a mob) breaks down the castle door. Essay High. The mob wants Claudius deposed and how to write a good persuasive essay Kent School Laertes crowned king. Laertes runs in, armed, and faces off with Claudius.
He is essay writing, doing exactly what Hamlet considered doing, and didn't do. Gertrude risks her own life by write a lit essay, wrestling Laertes down. Claudius tells her to let him go, because God protects kings (uh huh). Laertes yells, and Claudius asks for writing Bodwell, a chance to explain. Crazy Ophelia comes in, preposterously arrayed with wild flowers, and making half-sense. Laertes notes that her madness talks more clearly than ordinary words (This nothing's more than matter.) She sings another song about a dead man, and passes out symbolic flowers. You can have fun trying to figure out who gets the rosemary (remembrance, thinking of write a how College, you -- weddings and funerals), who gets the pansies (thoughts, a pun on pensées), who gets the writing experience Bodwell High fennel (flattery / infidelity) and columbines (unchastity), who (with Ophelia) gets the rue (repentance / sorrow; probably Gertrude gets it, as she must wear her rue with a difference as to distinguish two coats of arms, since they have different reasons to be sorry), and who gets the podcast daisies (unrequited love; you know the game with the writing Bodwell High daisy, She loves me, she loves me not). Ophelia regrets there have been no violets (faithfulness and write a how to essay College friendship) available since her father died. Later, Laertes will ask violets to grow from essay about writing experience Bodwell School Ophelia's body.
Horatio gets a letter from Hamlet. How To Write A Lit College. Supposedly he boarded a pirate ship during a sea scuffle. The pirates are bringing him back home, knowing they'll get some kind of essay about experience Bodwell High School, favor in the future. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are on magazine of Business, their way to essay experience Bodwell England and Hamlet will have more to say about critical thinking podcast The University in Chicago them. The king explains to Laertes that he couldn't arrest or prosecute Hamlet because the queen loves him and he's popular with the essay about writing experience Bodwell School common people. He's about to Fryeburg tell Laertes that his revenge is imminent (Don't lose any sleep over that -- l. 31), though he probably plans to tell Laertes the details only after Hamlet is writing experience High, killed in England. Just then a letter comes from Hamlet announcing he's back in Denmark. Magazine School Of Business. The king already has Plan B. School. The king says it's such a good plan that even his mother won't be suspicious. (Uh huh. The plot that Shakespeare inherited has some credibility problems, and The University of Illinois Shakespeare does not seem to care.) He will have Laertes have a fencing match with Hamlet.
Laertes will accidentally choose a weapon that is actually sharp, with which he'll kill Hamlet. (Hamlet is most generous, And free from all contriving, so he won't check the essay writing experience Bodwell High swords.) Laertes mentions that he has some blade poison. He must have bought it to a how to essay College use on Claudius (who he thinks is the murderer of Polonius). Even a scratch will kill. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Now the king decides that for backup (in case Laertes is unable to stab Hamlet and make it look like an accident), he will have a poisoned drink ready, and Hamlet will want some when he's thirsty. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Before you decide that you cannot suspend your disbelief, think about essay about Bodwell School what's really going on. The king knows that the court knows that he's already a murderer, and that they don't care. So nobody will do anything even when the king and Laertes kill Hamlet treacherously in plain view. The queen comes in, crying. How To Write A How To Essay Aiglon. Ophelia was hanging chains of experience High, flowers on trees. She climbed a willow that hung out over a river. She fell into the river, simply continued singing, and drowned when her clothes waterlogged. Please note that this is obviously an accident, not a suicide -- just as when a crazy person walks in writing Fryeburg Academy, front of a bus nowadays.
I think Claudius gives it out as a suicide just to inflame Laertes. We don't know who saw Ophelia drown, or why nobody tried to essay writing experience High School save her. Perhaps an observer from the summary & Management castle battlements, or perhaps her last acts were reconstructed from the scene, or perhaps we are asking the about writing experience Bodwell High School wrong question. Two men are digging Ophelia's grave. One asks whether someone who tries to go to heaven by the short route (suicide) can be given Christian burial. Grammar Writing Academy. In Shakespeare's time (as Hamlet already mentioned in I.ii.), suicide was considered a sin, and sometimes even unforgivable. Suicides would ordinarily be buried in unconsecrated ground without a Christian service. Sometimes they'd be buried at a crossroads (as a warning to essay about writing experience High School everybody not to do the same), and sometimes with a stake through the heart (to prevent them from rising as undead, of course.)
The men joke about how politics has influenced the coroner's decision to allow Christian burial. They parody lawyer talk (Maybe the water jumped on her, instead of a lit essay, her jumping into the water. Or maybe she drowned herself in her own defense.) They say what a shame it is that, in our corrupt world, rich people have more of a right to commit suicide than do poor people. Hamlet and Horatio walk in. The gravedigger sings a contemporary song about having been in love and essay experience making love, and thinking it was great, but now being dead and in write a good essay School, a grave as if he'd never lived at all. The marks -a- signify his grunting as he shovels. He tosses up a skull.
Hamlet (incognito) asks who is to be buried, the men exchange wisecracks about death and Hamlet's insanity. The gravedigger says he has been working at this trade since the very day that Hamlet was born. (Thus the gravedigger comes to stand for Hamlet's own mortality.) Hamlet asks about about experience Bodwell High dead bodies, makes a four-way pun on the word fine, and jokes about chop-fallen (in the living it means frowning, but the skull has lost its chop, i.e., jawbone.) Loggits is the game we call horseshoes. Let her paint an inch thick is a reference to the new fashion of women wearing make-up. Even the jester couldn't make someone laugh about the fact that -- makeup or no -- death and its ugliness are inevitable. The gravedigger tells him which skull belonged to the court jester, Yorick. Hamlet also remembers Yorick's jokes and his kindness. But there is argumentative essay articles Leighton Park, more. In the about Bodwell medieval and how to write a how Aiglon renaissance world, it was the special privilege of the court jester to tell the truth. He could do this without fear of essay writing Bodwell School, reprisals. School. In Shakespeare's plays (notably Twelfth Night, As You Like It, and King Lear), the essay experience High School jester's role as truth-teller is central.
Hamlet has dealt with the themes of honesty, dishonesty, and truth-telling. In this most famous scene of all, Yorick tells the truth without saying a word. We all end up in the same place, dead. The funeral party comes in, and Hamlet recognizes maimed rites, i.e., much of the era's normal Christian burial service is eliminated because of the suspicion of suicide. Hamlet and Horatio hide. Laertes protests the fact that the service is limited. The pastor's reply is organized religion at its worst.
Laertes says the priest is the one who will go to hell. He jumps into the grave, picks up the corpse and embraces it, and launches into a bombastic speech. Hamlet comes out and jumps into the grave too. He calls himself Hamlet the Dane, claiming the a how to essay royal title. Writing High. (In Shakespeare's era, a monarch was called by article summary IUBH School of Business & Management, the name of his country for short.) Shakespeare's heroes all develop as people, and many people (myself included) dislike Hamlet's attitude toward women as evidenced in the first half of the play. But in about Bodwell High School, striking contrast to for essay writing Academy the nunnery scene, he now proclaims boldly, I loved Ophelia. Laertes drops the corpse and starts choking Hamlet. Separated, Hamlet parodies Laertes's bombastic speech. Horatio takes Hamlet off and the king says to Laertes, Good. Essay High. Now we have an excuse for grammar for essay Fryeburg, a duel right away. Hamlet is explaining to Horatio about how he substituted his own letter to the King of England, ordering the execution of the spies. (He used flowerly language, though he hated doing it -- he even mentions that he was trained to write like that, and worked hard to forget how.
Again, this is the theme of about Bodwell High, sincerity.) Hamlet already had a pretty good idea of grammar for essay Fryeburg, what the High School English trip was all about, so his having a copy of the royal seal, and some wax and paper, is no surprise (as he already indicated at to essay College, the end of the bedroom scene.) Surprisingly, Hamlet talks about reading and changing the letters on an impulse, and has a famous line, There's a divinity that shapes our ends / Rough-hew them how we will. Essay Experience. Rough-hew was to carve the basics of essay articles School, a woodcarving or sculpture, with the fine-shaping to follow. Horatio (who seems more inclined to experience Bodwell School faith in God than do the other characters) agrees: That is essay articles Park School, most certain. Since this doesn't make perfect sense with the plot, Shakespeare probably placed it here for philosophic reasons, especially given what is about to happen -- coincidences (Providence?) are going to work events out for Hamlet's cause. There seems to be some mysterious design behind life that makes things work out and gives life its meaning. Unfortunately for Hamlet and other decent people, it doesn't always bring about altogether happy endings. Essay About Writing Experience Bodwell. Still, it's grand being part of things. One can find similar ideas in Montaigne, Proverbs 16:9, and School of Business the modern Christian saying, A person proposes, God disposes. Bring your own life experience -- do you know of anyone who had been considering suicide who was comforted and perhaps dissuaded by essay about writing Bodwell School, the notion that somehow the universe (if not a personal God) would somehow work everything out?
Do you think this is true? I can't answer. Horatio remarks that it'll only be a short time before the king finds out about the execution of the spies. How To Write Essay Kent School. Hamlet says life itself is short (The interim is mine, / And a man's life's no more than to experience Bodwell High say 'One'.) Osric brings Laertes's challenge, Hamlet accepts. Summary School. The king has bet heavily on Hamlet, probably to divert suspicion. Don't try to figure out the terms of the bet -- the two accounts contradict each other. Hamlet admits foreboding to Horatio, and both suspect foul play is experience High School, imminent. Academy. But Hamlet decides to go forward anyway. We defy augury -- Hamlet is not going to let his apprehensions interfere with his showing courage and doing what he must.
There is special providence in the fall of a sparrow. About Writing Experience High. This is an allusion to the gospel. God knows every sparrow that falls. Mark Twain (The Mysterious Stranger) pointed out that the magazine article summary IUBH School of Business sparrow still falls. Essay About Writing High. Hamlet is about to die, too, although God is watching. Hamlet notes that death is going to come, sooner or later. The readiness is all -- being ready to live and die with courage and integrity is all the answer that Hamlet will find for death. Hamlet points out that nobody really knows what death is, so why be afraid to die young? Let be -- don't fight it. Essay Articles School. Is Let be the answer to To be or not to essay about experience Bodwell High School be? (!). The duel is set up.
In Q1 and Q2, they bring foils (long slender swords) and daggers; in Q2 and F foils and gauntlets (metal gloves). Hamlet puns on College, foil, a metal backing that made gemstones shine brighter; he will make Laertes look even more the champion fencer. Writing High. (Thanks to Hamlet, foil has come to mean any character who contrasts with the write a good persuasive essay Kent School hero, showing up what kind of person the hero is.) Hamlet apologizes to about experience Bodwell High Laertes, and blames his distracted mental state -- he wasn't himself. Argumentative Essay Leighton Park. (There is a parallel in Romans 7-8). As the king expected, Hamlet is not at all suspicious about the swords, and merely asks whether they're all the about Bodwell High School same length. In the first round, Hamlet tags Laertes (who is thinking about the how to write persuasive essay Kent poison and perhaps doesn't have his heart really in essay about writing Bodwell, it). The king drops the poison in the cup, pretending he thinks it's a pearl. (Okay, this is silly.) Whether the magazine summary & Management court thinks the essay about pearl is to be dissolved in acidified wine and drunk (occasionally done as conspicuous-consumption), or is a gift to persuasive School Hamlet, you'll need to decide for yourself. The king probably takes a drink (from another cup, or he drinks before the poison is dissolved, or he just pretends to drink.) The queen mentions that Hamlet is essay writing Bodwell, fat and essay Kent out of about writing High, breath. Fat just means sweating, so she wipes his forehead. In the second round, Hamlet hits Laertes again. For Essay Writing Academy. The queen grabs the cup and drinks despite the king's warning.
We'll never know whether she has just realized what is writing experience, going on, and magazine article summary School & Management wants to save Hamlet's life and maybe end her own miserable existence. (She does realize quickly that the cup is poisoned. About Writing Experience. People who are really poisoned without their knowledge just think they are suddenly sick.) Laertes says in an aside that he's having moral qualms about killing Hamlet by treachery. The third round ends in a draw (perhaps locked weapons), then Laertes reaches out and magazine article summary School & Management scratches Hamlet illegally when he is essay Bodwell School, not looking. (When Laertes begins a round, he says Come; when he says Have at you now, it signals something illegal.) They scuffle (because of the how to a how to essay illegal blow, Hamlet is incensed). During the essay writing High scuffle, they exchange swords. This was a recognized move in fencing. Podcast. One fencer would grab the other's hand with his free hand (usually with a metal glove) or strike it with his dagger.
The right response was for the other fencer to about experience High do the same, and swords could then be exchanged. Write A Good Persuasive. On stage, the exchange is usually done by writing Bodwell High School, having Hamlet disarm Laertes with his sword, which flies up. Hamlet puts his foot on the sharp poisoned sword (he knows it's sharp, but not that it's poisoned, and he intended to how to write Aiglon scratch Laertes back). Hamlet gives his own sword to Laertes, fights again, and inflicts a deeper wound on him, explaining why Laertes dies quicker. The queen announces the drink is poisoned, and drops dead. Laertes tells everything, and shouts The king's to blame! For the first time, Hamlet can kill the king and about writing experience School have people realize he was right. Hamlet stabs the king with the poisoned blade, then forces the poisoned beverage down his throat.
Elizabethans pretended to believe that kings were sacred, so Shakespeare had to have everybody shout Treason, but nobody does anything. (If the director wishes, the guards and court can draw their own weapons and thinking podcast The University in Chicago surround the king. Horatio can show the letters to England at this time, too.) Hamlet says he is dying, and Horatio offers to commit suicide like a Roman soldier when his side was defeated. Hamlet drinks the poison instead, to ensure Horatio won't. If Hamlet saw no reason to live, then Horatio has one -- to tell the truth about Hamlet. In the final scene, Fortinbras happens by, as do the English with word of the essay Bodwell High spies' execution. In the last irony, Fortinbras has gotten his land back, and his own father's death avenged. Write A Lit Essay Braemar College. Horatio says he'll tell about accidental judgments, i.e., people have gotten their just deserts through seeming accidents -- the theme of God working in the world to make things right.
Fortinbras calls for military honors to be shown Hamlet's body. Some people will see this recovery of ceremonial to mean things are right with the world again. Others will simply see one more example of essay experience Bodwell School, power passing in an unfair world -- as it was in write to essay Aiglon, the real Dark Ages. In Ingmar Bergman's production of essay about writing Bodwell High School, Hamlet, Fortinbras's words, Bid the soldiers shoot! is their signal to critical thinking pull out their guns and slaughter Horatio and the rest of the surviving Danish court. Shakespeare's Hamlet was a remake of an essay about Bodwell High already popular play, based in for essay Fryeburg, turn on historical fiction, based in turn on an episode from the Dark Ages, the lawless, might-makes-right era that followed the collapse of Roman-era civilization. The Historical Hamlet was the son of a Danish King of the Jutes, who lived during the Dark Ages. The warlord was assassinated and his crown usurped by his brother. This was a coup, not a secret murder. According to current superstition, anyone who killed a crazy person risked acquiring the School same disease from the victim's spirit. Critical Thinking Podcast In Chicago. Therefore, the murdered warlord's son pretended to about Bodwell High be crazy, acquiring the nickname Amlothi, crazy person. Eventually he killed his uncle and became King of the Jutes in turn.
He ruled successfully, and magazine article summary School of Business the nickname stuck. The Geneologies [my link is now down] record Amleth, King of Denmark. They show that he married a Scottish princess named Herminthrud (Hermutrude). He was eventually killed in battle. He is buried in Denmark in a field called Ammelhede (Hamlet's Heath) to this day. In a strange twist of fate, Herminthrud married one Viglek, also King of Denmark, the man whose army defeated and about killed Hamlet.
Michael Skovmand, Dept. of English at U. of Aarhus, Denmark, shared this with me: There is a Frisian runic inscription from about 700 AD to the effect that On a cliff Amleth put up resistance (translated from argumentative Park School Danish: På en klint satte Amled sig til værge). There is a consensus that Amleth was a local prince in Jutland in the 7th century. But there is about experience Bodwell, more, albeit circumstantial evidence which points to a pre-Saxo Amleth. A report from a vicar north of how to essay Kent, Aarhus in Jutland from 1623 describes a locality called Ammelhede where according to essay about Bodwell local legend Amled lies buried.
The details of this report shows how Amled existed in popular memory, independent of Saxo which at that time had only existed in Danish a hundred years and had practically no readership beyond the clergy and a few academics. Ammelhede exists to this very day, and in 1933 the local tourist board put up a stone with this memorial inscription: Amled ypperste / Oldtids-snille / teed sig tåbe / Til H‘vnens time / Kaaret paa ting / Af jyder til konge/ H jsat han hviler / Paa Ammel Hede ( = Amled the greatest / Craftiest of Old / Acted a fool / Until the hour of revenge / Elected at the Ting / by Jutes to be king / raised high he rests / at to essay Aiglon, Ammel Heath [my translation]) So next time you visit Denmark, stop by Ammelhede, a few miles to the south-east of Randers -- don't even think about visiting the bogus 'Hamlet's Grave' between Elsinore and Copenhagen! In Saxo, Hamlet pretends to think that the beach sand is ground grain. This is about experience Bodwell High School, ancient, being repeated explicitly in critical of Illinois in Chicago, an old Norse saga (the Prose Edda) that refers to the ocean-wave nymphs who ground Hamlet's grain. Experience High. (Kennings sometimes alluded to other stories that the how to write a good persuasive audience would know.) The ancient Roman, Lucius Junius Brutus, also feigned insanity while awaiting his revenge. Essay About Experience High. This gave the family its name (brute = unthinking animal), and it was passed along to the Brutus who killed Caesar. David (I Samuel) also once feigned madness to deceive Saul.
In our era, organized crime leader Vincente Gigante is said to have feigned madness. There is Fryeburg Academy, a historical novel, now hard to about writing High School find, about the historical Hamlet entitled The War of Jutish Succession. Royal Deceit is a B-movie, not released in theaters, adapted from how to write a lit Braemar Saxo. I'd appreciate knowing of any good links. Amled -- Viking Theater play based on essay about writing experience Bodwell School, Saxo. Link is now down. Prince of Jutland -- Danish movie based on Saxo.
Christian Bale is Hamlet. Saxo Grammaticus Historia Danica , written around 1200, presents a highly-fictionalized (actually silly) version of the story. Horwendil, warlord of Jutland, kills the King of Norway in single combat and is given Gurutha, daughter of the King of grammar for essay writing Fryeburg, Denmark. Their son is Amleth. Horwendil's jealous brother Feng murders Horwendil and marries Gurutha. Essay Bodwell High. The murder is no secret. (The historical Macbeth killed an enemy in public, and promptly married his victim's wife, who became Lady Macbeth.) Gurutha is happy enough, especially when Feng claims he killed Horwendil to protect Gurutha from impending mistreatment. Amleth pretends to be crazy. Feng tries to find out critical thinking podcast of Illinois, whether he is really crazy, or just pretending. First, Feng puts an attractive woman in the woods where Hamlet will find her, and observes secretly.
Amleth is warned of the plot, and essay about writing takes the woman off for argumentative Leighton Park School, a private date. They have a great time, having been childhood friends, and she tells Amleth everything. Next, Feng hides a courtier under some straw to eavesdrop on Amleth's conversations with his mother. Essay About Writing High School. Amleth suspects a trap, pretends to think he is a chicken, jumps around on the straw, stabs the eavesdroper to death through the magazine IUBH of Business straw, cuts the body up, and tosses it into the sewer where it is eaten by the pigs. Amleth has a long speech in which he calls his mother a whore and about writing makes her sorry. She agrees to help him.
She begins weaving a net to entrap Feng's courtiers. Feng sends Amleth to grammar for essay Academy King of Britain with two courtiers who carry sealed letters asking the essay about experience School King of articles Leighton Park, Britain to essay Bodwell School execute Amleth. Magazine Summary IUBH & Management. Amleth finds these and substitutes different letters asking for the execution of the courtiers and that Amleth be given the King of Britain's daughter in marriage. Again, this all works out for Amleth. Essay Writing High. At the British court, Amleth demonstrates his abilities at psychic divination. Amleth returns a year later. He arrives at Feng's court, where he again pretends to be insane. He plays with his sword and cuts himself, and the guests nail his sword to its scabbard. Leighton Park School. Amleth plays host, gets everybody drunk, flings a net woven by his mother over the drunken courtiers, and burns the king's house. Feng is asleep nearby.
Amleth goes into Feng's bedroom, exchanges swords with the sleeping Feng, then awakes him and challenges him to single combat. Feng now has the sword that is School, nailed to the scabbard, and Amleth kills him. Amleth goes on to essay, to become a successful Viking looter and about writing High warlord, finally dying in battle. How To Write Kent. Saxo confirms that Amleth's Scottish wife betrayed him and married Wiglek (Viglek), the man who had killed him in battle. Belleforest's Histories Tragiques was a book of stories in French from 1576. Belleforest adapted Saxo's historical fiction. The queen committed adultery before the murder of Hamlet's father. Hamlet is melancholy and brooding.
There is a lot of dialogue. Writing Experience High School. Hamlet's very long speech in how to to essay, his mother's bedroom is closely followed by Shakespeare. There was an English translation in 1608, The History of Hamblet (sic.) ; it borrows Shakespeare's A rat! A rat!, and specifically makes the about experience covering through which the critical podcast of Illinois in Chicago spy is stabbed into a wall hanging. My link to Belleforest in translation is now down.
Please let me know if this ever reappears online. The Spanish Tragedy was a revenge play by Thomas Kyd with several similarities to about experience School Shakespeare's Hamlet. It may be a companion-piece to a how College the original Hamlet play, that Kyd probably also wrote. The background is one of about Bodwell High, international political intrigue. A ghost reveals a secret murder (but to the audience, not the hero). The hero (who learns of a murder via a letter) must decide whether a murder was really committed, and by whom. The hero acts crazy; it is not clear how much of this is articles Park, pretending. The hero upbraids himself for delaying, although his only essay High, problem is figuring out how to & Management kill a king surrounded by guards. There is a play-within-the-play.
The bad guys play roles, and essay about writing experience Bodwell School are actually killed onstage. There are several records of a play, performed in 1594 at Newington Butts outside London, and thinking of Illinois probably earlier, about about experience Bodwell School Hamlet. It is described as a tragedy with a ghost crying Hamlet, revenge!. The play was evidently never published, and argumentative articles Leighton Park of course we do not have the manuscript. Thomas Nashe wrote in 1589 in essay writing Bodwell School, his introduction to grammar for essay writing Fryeburg Academy a book by Robert Greene, English Seneca read by candlelight yields many good sentences -- as 'Blood is a beggar' and so forth; and if you entreat him fair on a frosty morning he will offer you whole Hamlets, I should say handfuls, of tragical speeches! Nashe is writing experience High, mostly spoofing Thomas Kyd, who wrote blood-and-thunder revenge plays. So Kyd is probably the author of the first Hamlet play. In 1596, Thomas Lodge wrote about the ghost which cried so miserably at the theater, like an oyster wife, 'Hamlet revenge!'. We can assume that this play had the murder a secret, and a ghost to summary & Management reveal it to essay experience Bodwell School Hamlet. Some people will tell you that this play must be the source of these plot elements, which fit with the genre:
Hamlet's death and the surrounding circumstances. You can decide for yourself; we're not going to know whether these were introduced by Kyd (or whoever wrote the first Hamlet play) or by Shakespeare. It contains elements that distinguish it from the other versions we have of Shakespeare's Hamlet. They might perhaps come from the argumentative essay older Hamlet play, via the actor's reconstruction. The spy is called Corambis, not Polonius.
His servant is Montano, not Reynaldo. The queen assures Hamlet she knew nothing of the murder -- but Hamlet hasn't even told her about essay about writing Bodwell High it. The queen promises to conceal, consent, and do her best to aid Hamlet in essay articles Leighton, his revenge against the king. The queen warns Hamlet, via Horatio, of a plot. Whenever there is disagreement between Q1 and Q2 or F, Q1 is inferior -- making less sense, or not sounding so good. Some of the stage directions tell us things that we wouldn't know from other sources. The ghost comes into the queen's bedroom in his pajamas (night gown);
Ophelia plays the lute (an early kind of guitar) when she's crazy. When Hamlet and Laertes fight, they catch one another's rapiers. Here is Hamlet's most famous speech as it appears in the Bad Quarto. To be, or not to be, aye, there's the point, To die, to about experience sleep, is that all? Aye, all. No, to sleep, to dream, aye merry, there it goes, For in that dream of death, when we awake, And borne before an everlasting Judge,
From whence no passenger ever returned, The undiscovered country, at how to write a how to essay, those sight. The happy smile, and the accursed damned. But for this, the writing Bodwell High joyful hope of this, Who'd bear the scorns and critical flattery of the world, Scorned by the right rich, the rich cursed of the poor? The widow being oppressed, the orphan wronged, The taste of hunger, or a tyrant's reign, And thousand more calamities besides,
To grunt and sweat under this weary life, When that he may his full quietus make, With a bare bodkin? Who would this endure, But for a hope fo something after death?
Which puzzles the brain, and doth confound the writing Bodwell High sense, Which makes us rather bear those evils we have, Than fly to others that we know not of. Aye that, oh this conscience makes cowards of us all. First Quarto (1603) -- visit here to see just how bad the bad quarto is. Magazine. Warning: This link crashed my IE browser twice. Antonio's Revenge by John Marston, is mentioned by a contemporary source as 1601, and has a very similar plot to Shakespeare's Hamlet. The murdered man's wife marries his murderer, and the murdered man's ghost calls his son to revenge. The son pretends to be insane, and is melancholy. He walks around in black reading a book. There is a play-within-a-play for no reason.
The son foregoes an opportunity to essay about writing experience School kill the murderer in hopes of a better revenge later. The ghost speaks from beneath the stage, and reappears in article summary School of Business, the mother's bedroom. The son's girlfriend dies of a broken heart. Probably Marston was using Shakespeare's plot, since Shakespeare has a literary source and Marston doesn't. Der Bestrafte Brudermord (Fratricide Punished) is a German play that is obviously an adaptation of Shakespeare's Hamlet, which it resembles in contradistinction to writing School Belleforest. A ghost appears to Francisco, Horatio, and how to the other guards at the beginning. Hamlet says he is sick at heart over his father's death and about writing experience High his mother's remarriage. Hamlet wants to write go back to Wittenberg but the experience High School king asks him to stay in Denmark. Corambus's son Leonhardus goes to France. The king gets drunk, as is write a lit essay Braemar, his habit. The ghost tells how he was killed by having hebona poured in his ear.
Hamlet makes Horatio and the guards promise not to essay about experience High School tell what they have seen. Argumentative Articles Leighton School. They swear in several locations. The ghost calls on them to swear from School below ground. Hamlet begins acting crazy. Corambus remembers his own youth, and suggests that Hamlet is in love. Hamlet tells Ophelia to go to a nunnery. Hamlet stages a play-within-a-play.
The king's guilt is a how to essay, revealed by his reaction when poison is poured into writing Bodwell High School the player-king's ear. Hamlet comes upon magazine IUBH the king at prayer, but spares him so that his soul will not go to heaven. Hamlet kills Corambus by writing Bodwell High, stabbing him through a tapestry. Hamlet talks to his mother and is visited again by the ghost, who says nothing. Ophelia goes crazy and commits suicide by jumping off a cliff. The two spies take Hamlet to an island off Dover, where they reveal their intention to shoot him. They stand on either side and let him give the Braemar signal. Essay Experience School. He ducks and they shoot each other. Hamlet finds that they carried letters instructing the English king to execute him if their plot fails.
Hamlet, the king, the queen, and Leonhardus all die in the same ways as in Shakespeare's play. The king uses diamond dust as poison. Write College. (That won't work. -- Ed the Pathology Guy.). What's more, the scenes and narrative proceed in the same order as in Shakespeare's play. Somebody will tell you that the essay about Bodwell High School old man's name being Corambus is proof that Der Bestrafte Brudermord must therefore derive from the older Hamlet play. This seems silly to me. I'd conclude, rather, that in the first run of Shakespeare's Hamlet, Polonius and of Illinois Reynaldo were named Corambis and Montano, and writing Bodwell that Shakespeare changed their names for essay articles Park School, some reason.
Der Bestrafte Brudermord has some other points of agreement with Q1 against Q2, but even more with Q2 against Q1. So both seem to be adaptations of Shakespeare's original. So what did Shakespeare add? Shakespeare was constrained by his plot and genre to have Hamlet's revenge delayed, and to have Hamlet talk about being frustrated. Belleforest provided the essential plot. The old Hamlet play, which we do not have, must have contributed other elements. Shakespeare adds more. The play is very long, and must have been trimmed for essay about experience Bodwell School, production.
So Shakespeare must have written much of it to magazine School of Business & Management please himself. We also have another hint that Hamlet is essay writing experience High School, Shakespeare's mouthpiece -- Shakespeare named his own son Hamnet. His neighbors in Stratford were Hamnet and how to write essay School Judith Sadler, and about experience Bodwell High Hamlet's name was sometimes spelled Hamlet. Hamnet Shakespeare died in August 1596. To discern an author's intent, look for material that does not specifically advance the plot, typify the genre, or have strong mass-audience appeal. Here is Academy, what Shakespeare added. Hamlet considers suicide, and talks about it in words to which most of us can relate. Mostly, it's people's stupid mistreatment of other people that makes him think life is not worth living. The one extended reference to Christianity (the rooster crows all night in the Christmas season) is a beautiful legend that is obviously not true. Hamlet's father, who he remembers so fondly, is burning in essay writing School, the afterlife for his sins.
Either Hamlet's father was not such a fine person as Hamlet says, or the afterlife itself is write persuasive School, as unfair as our own world. About Writing Experience School. (Of course Shakespeare could not talk about critical thinking podcast of Illinois in Chicago this possibility openly.) Speaking of the afterlife. Hamlet, considering suicide, mentions that no one has ever returned from the afterlife with any details. This is despite the fact that we just saw him talking to a ghost. Experience High. I think Shakespeare is saying, This story is fiction.
The ideas Hamlet talks about are basic to critical thinking of Illinois human experience. The girl who is used as a spy on Hamlet is one about about Bodwell High whom he cares very much, and grammar writing who may be pregnant by him. In the original, the spy who gets killed in the bedroom is a nobody, a throw-away person killed as casually as in a bad action movie. The spy who Hamlet kills in his mother's bedroom is not only essay about writing experience School, somebody we have gotten to know -- he is the write essay College father of the woman Hamlet loves. Hamlet stabs him just because he is distraught and not thinking clearly. Hamlet -- who lives in a bad world -- himself becomes culpable. Shakespeare does not allow us to essay about School overlook this. The two spies who Hamlet sends to their deaths are his college fraternity brothers. It is not absolutely certain that they actually intend Hamlet any harm.
It's just conceivable that they are too stupid to realize what's going on. Hamlet is interested in acting, and coaches actors. One player over-acts, and Hamlet reflects on Aiglon, how people pay more attention to about writing experience Bodwell High make-believe than to real life. In the prayer scene, Shakespeare lets us listen to the King as he tries to Leighton Park School repent his crime, and essay writing experience Bodwell High fails. The king gains much stature and some sympathy. Hamlet talks to a foot soldier who knows that the war is stupid and College that he is likely to die for no good reason. Hamlet reflects that this dumb war is the result of rich people having nothing to do. The gravediggers crack jokes about death and suicide, remarking on how a politics and money allowed the girl to receive a minimal Christian burial. Essay Experience Bodwell High School. The priest's remarks to Laertes show organized dogmatism at its most heartless. (In fact, this pathologist thinks Ophelia probably died accidentally.)
Hamlet handles Yorick the beloved jester's skull and meditates on how everybody ends up dead in the end. Hamlet likes the man with whom he fights his duel. Hamlet has wronged Laertes as Claudius has wronged Hamlet, and Hamlet knows it. Hamlet tells Horatio he think that perhaps there's a divinity that shapes our ends and argumentative essay Park this made him board the pirate ship. From time to time, Hamlet talks about a sense that he is essay writing experience, God's agent, with his steps guided by divine providence.
But the death-scene itself is explicitly without any Christian comfort. IUBH & Management. In Q1 (recalled by the actor either from the earlier play, or from what a good-guy hero might be expected to say), Hamlet's last words were, Heaven receive my soul. Essay Experience School. Instead, Shakespeare's Hamlet speaks cryptic last words: The rest is how to to essay, silence. Generally, Hamlet talks a great deal about writing Bodwell High death and disease, without any suggestion of an orthodox religious faith to make it meaningful or bearable. Almost all readers and viewers come away from Academy Hamlet liking the prince very much. He is a thinker, and he is funny.
We see into his own mind, and essay about experience High School discover him to how to write a good persuasive essay Kent School be genuine and sincere. Essay Experience School. We admire him for resisting the evil around him. But Hamlet is summary IUBH & Management, both stupid and about High mean when he kills Polonius. And it is hard to like his nasty, bitter outlook on life in the first half of the play. Especially, if you do not like everything about write today's teenaged Goth culture (wearing black, being clever and disrespectful, playing with people's feelings, complaining that life seems meaningless and empty), you won't like everything about the about Bodwell Hamlet who we meet at the beginning. If this were an action-movie or something by one of Shakespeare's contemporaries, the prince might be entirely sympathetic, and his enemies altogether despicable.
It's characteristic of Shakespeare's later tragedies that our sympathies are always divided. Some of the most powerful serious movies (Shane, Unforgiven, Hoodlum -- all are revenge plays) have the same moral ambiguity. Grammar For Essay Writing. You can find examples from classical tragedy as well (Agamemnon, Medea, many more). In Hamlet, Shakespeare explains why he writes in this way -- he intends to essay writing experience School hold a mirror up to nature, to show us ourselves. I know not 'seems'. -- Hamlet. I'd already noticed when I was formally taught it in my medical school psychiatry course. For most twenty-year-olds, the biggest life-issue is, What has happened to most forty-year-olds that caused them to lose the essay ideals and the authenticity of youth? For most forty-year-olds, the biggest life-issue is, How did I lose the ideals and Bodwell High authenticity that made me who I was when I was twenty?
It's no coincidence that college Greeks profess high ideals. How To A How College. It's what makes them work. for people not yet corrupted by the world. Teenaged Holden Caulfield (Catcher in the Rye) described the shams of the writing Bodwell High phony society of the wealthy, and heard Hamlet had talked about the of Business same theme. He plans to about writing Bodwell High School read the play eventually. In the magazine summary & Management 1970's, it was usual for people to call each other phony if they thought differently about something, and there was no defending against it. Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn uses another young person to comment on the falsity of adult society. Huck lives fairly well, as Hamlet does. Huck speaks only by his actions, without Hamlet's eloquence. About Writing Experience Bodwell High. Mark Twain uses humor and irony to show how much finer Huck is than his betters. The king holds a ceremonious first-public-meeting in I.ii.
Polonius is buried without ceremony. Ophelia gets a limited ceremony. At the end, Fortinbras holds a ceremonial memorial for Hamlet. In Macbeth, we are treated to The University a spectacle from the experience Bodwell School same era of warlords that gives the setting for Hamlet. Everybody knows Macbeth killed Duncan, and nobody intends to do anything to magazine article IUBH School of Business bring him to justice, preferring the stability provided by another capable leader. In Hamlet's court, everybody (not just Hamlet, and probably even his mother) must suspect Claudius to Bodwell High be a murderer. After the play-within-the-play, it's obvious. Son: Dad, what's the magazine IUBH School & Management difference between ignorance and apathy? Dad: Son, I don't know and I don't care. -- Contemporary.
At the end, Hamlet's fideism, a vague faith in God's ability to sort out the essay School mess of this world without any more specific religious dogma, is the kind of faith that many honest, thinking people have reached in our own day. Elizabethans talked of God's general providence (the goodness and intelligence that created and sustains the critical podcast The University of Illinois world) and God's special providence (God guiding events subtly to make things work out for the right.) You will need to essay about experience School decide for yourself whether special providence is at work in for essay writing Fryeburg Academy, our own world, or whether Shakespeare actually believed so. But Hamlet thinks it does. Hamlet sees himself as God's agent, and he tells this to his friends (O cursed spite. ) and his mother (scourge and minister). Hamlet reflects on God's providence (fall of a sparrow) after his life is saved from the spies. Laertes sees his own death as God's judgment, and Hamlet as God's avenger. What is telling, though, is that this does not enable Hamlet to hope for, or expect, a better afterlife.
Is Life Worth Living? If his chief good and essay about writing experience Bodwell School market of his time. Is but to sleep and feed? A beast, no more. -- Hamlet. Pathologists joke, Is life worth living? It depends on the liver!. Seriously, we've all asked this question. Shakespeare offers no pat answer, only argumentative School, Hamlet's courage and dignity in accepting the human condition, saying No! to corruption, and in meeting his own task and his own death. In the noir genre of hard-boiled detective fiction, the hero gradually learns about about writing experience High both public and private corruption. How To Braemar. Nothing is as it seems.
The hero strikes back, but the ending is about writing experience Bodwell, never completely happy. Hamlet is called to how to his revenge by heaven and hell, i.e., something that Shakespeare thought of as more fundamental than the about experience Bodwell struggle between good and evil. How To Essay Braemar. Hamlet talks a great deal about the experience Bodwell High School nature of human beings, characterizes himself as indifferent[ly] honest and could accuse himself of things for which it would have been better if he hadn't been born. We are left to wonder what these are, but soon Hamlet becomes the villain in a revenge story that mirrors his own. Old Hamlet, supposedly a good man, is burning for a while in purgatory for unconfessed sins of the kind that ordinary folks commit. IUBH School Of Business & Management. Claudius, who Hamlet considers a very bad man, shows us his true mind twice, and essay about Bodwell we see a struggle between his hunger for divine grace and his need to keep his wife's love. The morality plays that preceded Shakespeare showed examples of argumentative essay School, good and bad people, and heroes that had a clear choice and made it. Shakespeare seems to be telling us in essay writing experience Bodwell School, Hamlet that we can and should try to live well, but that both good and bad are inherent in the human condition. Growing up, we must come to terms with our inability to live up to our own ideals.
(You may have trouble finding much on life's gray areas in English literature before Shakespeare. Even Chaucer published a pious deathbed retraction for his freethinking.) Today we hear a lot about the usual five stages of coming to terms with death (impact, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance.) As a physician, I've noticed that the sequence often happens as described, though it's by no means invariable. (People with a living, mature religious faith often -- but by no means always -- simply accept.) At the end, Hamlet is no longer depressed, but accepts the College human condition. Whether he's right to do so is something you'll need to decide. But it's a common experience for people growing up. And Shakespeare's shown it to us in Hamlet. If you find yourself wondering whether it's worth going on living in a world full of sham and wrong. perhaps you will find your own answers in unselfish love rather than in stoical acceptance.
And perhaps you, too, can be a hero. Shakespeare was constrained by his plot. to have Hamlet pretend to be delusional; and. to have Hamlet kill the spy in his mother's bedroom. The principal scene in essay experience High, which Hamlet pretends to be crazy (puts [his] antic disposition on) is the one in which he teases Polonius, calling him a fishmonger (compare fleshmoner, or pimp. remember that Polonius wants money for his virgin daughter.) In the other scenes, Hamlet acts genuine and other people think he's crazy. Ophelia describes Hamlet's silent visit and Polonius thinks it's craziness. Ophelia hears Hamlet telling her to get out of a bad world, and how to write to essay she thinks he's lost his reason. Essay About Experience Bodwell High School. Hamlet's mother thinks Hamlet is crazy after becoming distraught at the end of the closet scene. Magazine Article IUBH Of Business. After the writing High School play-within-the-play, the thinking podcast of Illinois in Chicago king knows Hamlet isn't crazy, but tells the essay about High School rest of the court that he must be sent away to England because of his mental illness.
Notice how Shakespeare adds a new theme -- be yourself, be genuine, and a fake world will consider you to grammar for essay Fryeburg be deviant. Shakespeare's Hamlet is already distraught, and in times of emotional distress, we do wrong things without thinking. Afterwards, Hamlet (who is indifferent honest), blames his madness for the killing of Polonius. The delusions are fake (as Claudius, and anybody familiar with real mental illness, will recognize). Writing Experience Bodwell. The irrational striking-out in a moment of of Illinois in Chicago, emotional turmoil is very real. Shakespeare's play focused on the mind of a man who's profoundly distraught and who is essay about writing Bodwell High School, asking himself whether life is worth living. Having Hamlet also pretend to articles Leighton Park be insane was central to the old story, but not to Shakespeare's play. Hamlet uses his feigned madness to point out to those around him how crazy and false the essay High School sane world is. There are themes and real controversies that you can explore further, based on critical podcast in Chicago, your own experience of life.
T.S. About Experience Bodwell. Eliot, asked whether the madness of Hamlet was real or feigned, asked, Is the madness of Hamlet's critics real or feigned? This sums it up for me. The nonsense about Hamlet being unable to make up his mind begins with his own speeches after hearing the Player King's speech on Hecuba (he berates himself for hesitating), and especially after talking to Fortinbras's soldier (thinking too precisely on the event -- i.e., people who obsess a lot are the critical ones who do the least). Obsessive-compulsive personality and essay experience Bodwell High neurosis are well-known, and mild variants have affected most bright people occasionally. Bradley points out argumentative School, that Hamlet seems depressed (melancholy) and that this will slow a person down; early 20th century writers influenced by psychoanalysis talked about a mother-fixation causing the depression.
But the truth is that Hamlet has no opportunity to kill the essay king and then justify his action, until the final disaster, when Laertes reveals The king's to blame. In the case, providence provides the Kent School opportunity. Hamlet really does not delay his revenge any more than do Robocop or Nevada Smith. Heroes of earlier revenge plays soliloquize about having to delay, and about experience High criticize themselves for it. But revenge plays require that the revenge take time and planning -- or there would be no play. Sam Coleridge (an obsessive who blamed the failure of his grandiose projects on his opium habit) talked about Hamlet thinking too hard.
Coleridge identified with this Hamlet, but this isn't Shakespeare's Hamlet. Schlegel called Hamlet thought-sick. How To Write Persuasive Essay School. Goethe found Hamlet lovely, sensitive and without strength of nerve. Now, when Hamlet expresses regrets that he's not completed his revenge, he compares himself unfavorably to essay about experience Bodwell High the Player King (who has just recited a ridiculous, bombastic speech) and to grammar Fryeburg Academy Fortinbras (who is getting thousands of people killed for no good reason at all -- I first became interested in Shakespeare during the Vietnam war). About Writing High. It is no coincidence that both the Player King and Fortinbras are pursuing stupid, vain goals. What is for essay, Shakespeare trying to tell us? Hamlet's revenge isn't so much simply the killing of the essay about School king, as it is the purging of write essay College, all the rottenness in writing Bodwell, the Danish court. And although it costs him his life, he succeeds. At some time, we all consider how much wrong there is in the world. How To Write Braemar College. Hamlet gives us a chance to watch an ordinary person consciously choose to say No! to the world's wrongness and about School phoniness, and to strike back with intelligence and power. From the bare-bones of an old revenge story, Shakespeare has held up the mirror to Aiglon College something in us that is precious.
I hear Hamlet saying, So many people put so much effort into doing things that are not worthwhile. It's a bad world, and essay about writing experience High I am far from a perfect human being. Write A Lit Essay Braemar College. And we all end up dead in the end. But I am going to about writing do something worthwhile, and do it right. More on whether Hamlet has a tragic flaw.
I believe that the grammar for essay Fryeburg Academy whole there has to be a tragic flaw business was dreamed up by Aristotle, who got paid to tell young people that if they were really good, then bad things couldn't happen to them, and that people went to sad shows just to have a good cry (purge the essay about writing emotions of pity and article School of Business fear). Essay Writing Experience High School. If it is helpful, point out the obvious. Aristotle said that a tragic hero should have character flaws so that we wouldn't see bad things happening to totally-good people. Writing Fryeburg. Maybe the heroes of Shakespeare's tragedies are not all-virtuous because Shakespeare wants to show us life as it really is. Since Sophocles's ultra-coldblooded Electra, revenge plays have been among the favorite genre for theater and movies.
Why? First, a revenge play presumes that to about writing experience right a wrong, somebody is forced to take the law into his or her own hands. This showcases one of the most important and serious of human concerns -- how do we maintain good law (i.e., a government that really protects its people's lives and how to write a lit opportunities)? It's the central question of civilization. (The conclusion of Electra is chilling -- read Sophocles's answer.) Second, the revenger must overcome obstacles to revenge. The lead character has a strong purpose with which we can identify, and essay about High School we can share his or her feelings and how to persuasive essay thoughts. There is writing experience Bodwell School, a satisfaction when revenge is finally won. Shakespeare's philosophy?
You decide! One may find ideas similar to those in Leighton, Hamlet in Montaigne's essays (here's a top-flight college paper for an eager student), in Ecclesiastes (Old Testament, of course) and in essay about writing Bodwell High, the following famous twentieth-century piece (sometimes stated to be much older). Go placidly amid the writing Fryeburg Academy noise and Bodwell School haste, and remember what peace there may be in critical, silence. As far as possible, without surrender, be on good terms with all persons. Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and writing Bodwell High listen to grammar others, even to the dull and ignorant; they too have their story. Essay About Writing High School. Avoid loud and aggressive persons; they are vexations to the spirit.
If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitter, for how to write Braemar, always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself. Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. Keep interested in your own career, however humble, it's a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in your business affairs, for the world is essay experience School, full of trickery. Magazine IUBH Of Business. But let this not blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals, and about experience School everywhere life is full of critical thinking in Chicago, heroism. Be yourself. High. Especially do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of all aridity and argumentative disenchantment, it is as perennial as the grass. Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth.
Nurture strength of experience Bodwell High School, spirit to how to a how to essay shield you in sudden misfortune. But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. Many fears are born of fatigue and loneliness. Beyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself. You are a child of the universe no less than the trees and the stars; you have a right to be here. Essay About Writing Experience Bodwell School. And whether or not it is clear to you, no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with God, whatever you conceive him to be.
And whatever your labors and aspirations, in the noisy confusion of life, keep peace in your soul. With all its sham, drudgery and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. Be cheerful. Strive to be happy. Contrast this with Polonius's advice to Laertes.
Somebody will remind you that according to the Christian ethics of Shakespeare's era, revenge was considered wrong. A saint would forgive and bring about reconciliation. (As a Christian, I have discovered that this is possible more often than we might think.) Even ordinary people were not supposed to take the law into their own hands. How To A Good Persuasive Kent School. It's hard, though, to see this as a major theme of this revenge play. Somebody will tell you that Hamlet is about how it's difficult to know the right thing to do -- whether it's killing the essay about king, how to how to essay Braemar College deal with an impossible home situation, or whether life is worth living. Somebody else will tell you that the real tragedy is that Hamlet kills the king, rather than forgiving him and essay about writing Bodwell High living in essay articles Leighton, love and harmony. In Hamlet's era, without effective birth control or stable democracy, bloody conflict was a fact of life.
In an era of warlords, the best for which anyone could hope was a temporary truce and some justice. Despite their individual virtues and their politically correct apologists, all real-life primitive societies are like this. Hamlet was fundamentally correct -- the essay writing Bodwell High world, by grammar for essay writing Fryeburg, its very nature, is full of unpleasantness and wrong. How does Hamlet's attitude toward women change during the play? Is this a major theme? (I think so -- it's not mentioned that often. You decide.) Hamlet starts off very upset and claiming he wishes he was dead because of his mother's faithless to his good father's memory. He urges Ophelia to withdraw from essay experience a rotten world full of rotten women. Later, at the end of the closet scene, he reaffirms his love for his mother despite her faults, and in the graveyard scene affirms he loves Ophelia. If life has taught me anything, it's that people are to be loved along with (not just in spite of) their imperfections. How To Write A Good School. Perhaps you believe this as well. Eric Jones MD came up with an idea in Hamlet and Oedipus.
Hamlet cannot kill Claudius because he unconsciously identifies with him, due to Hamlet's old Oedpius complex, when he wanted to have his mother incestuously. Jones notes that Shakespeare's own dad died around the time the play was written. Nowadays, almost all psychiatrists will tell you that Freud's psychoanalysis is of historical interest, having shown very limited ability to predict the thoughts and actions of experience Bodwell High, patients or to effect recovery. One of my own medical school psychiatry professors said, There's no 'Oedipus complex.' You can decide for yourself about for essay Fryeburg Jones's claims. Is Ophelia pregnant with Hamlet's baby? Hamlet was romantically interested in Ophelia, and she in him, and they lived in Bodwell School, the same castle. Hamlet jokes with Polonius about how his daughter might become pregnant, a pregnant rich girl might be sent for secrecy's sake to a convent (nunnery) and critical thinking podcast of Illinois in Chicago the child given for adoption, and Ophelia sings about lost virginity.
We aren't going to know. Supposedly there were two drownings in Shakespeare's community when he was younger. A lady named Alice suicided by jumping down a well when her family didn't approve of the man she loved. Another lady (Katherine Hamlet) accidentally fell into the river (she was carrying buckets). How these events may have affected Shakespeare's decision to essay writing High have Ophelia drown must remain speculative. You've already noticed that Shakespeare follows a rule from grammar for essay Academy his era -- the highest-ranking person on stage gets the first and last lines in each scene.
An easy high-school paper can focus on writing Bodwell High, how different characters approach the questions posted in the To Be or Not To Be soliloquy. Ophelia is mostly passive. Write Essay. People who go on essay about writing experience, to become schizophrenic are often quiet, passive people (schizoid). Shakespeare probably noticed this. Laertes is bold, forceful, and spouts lines from grammar for essay writing Fryeburg a bad Elizabethan revenge tragedy (I don't care if I go to hell -- contrast Hamlet's and Claudius's fear of essay about, damnation.) Fortinbras bides his time, and grabs the opportunity. Horatio is a classic stoic with a Roman's sense of honor and a Christian trust in God's power to help. Polonius is a manipulator.
From Shakespeare's Era. If you are interested in the English religious controveries of how to write a lit essay College, Shakespeare's era, you may decide that some are reflected in Hamlet. People who held to the Roman tradition might believe in Purgatory, a place of suffering where sins committed in life were burned away, and where sufferings could be eased by purchasing the ministry of the church. Before the about experience Bodwell Reformation, this had helped make the relgious orders wealthy, and also sparked the how to College founding of schools and hospitals where the beneficiaries were asked to essay about experience High School pray for the sould of their benefactors. People who still believed in writing Fryeburg, the Roman doctrine of about Bodwell, purgatory feared especially dying without the sacraments of the essay College church, because the time in purgatory would be prolonged. The English government church forbidden even praying for the dead. Probably many people didn't like this. Essay Writing Bodwell High. On the other hand, the a how College Puritans pressured for religious rituals to be even further curtailed. In an era without religious freedom, this had generated a lot of bad feeling. Stories of ghosts returning from purgatory, which had been popular before the Reformation, were dismissed as diabolical deceptions. For purposes of the plot, there is really no reason for Old Hamlet to talk about his being in torment or having died with all his imperfections on his head (i.e., unconfessed sins).
Hamlet swears by writing Bodwell School, Saint Patrick, who is sometimes described as the patron saint of Purgatory. Of course, Old Hamlet is in grammar for essay Fryeburg Academy, purgatory, which according to essay experience School the the write a how Aiglon College official government church doesn't exist. When Laertes complains about the limited burial service given to his sister, people in the audience would have thought about the contemporary controversies. You can find out on your own what evidence exists to show that John Shakespeare, the author's father, was at least a Roman Catholic sympathizer who wanted prayers for his soul after he died. (Ask about documents found in Stratford centuries later.) But you'll need to decide for yourself whether Shakespeare is using an old plot, or expressing his secret beliefs, or (my choice) showing us ourselves. More For Students.
Kronberg Castle, in about School, Helsingor (Elsinore), near Copenhagen, is in Chicago, supposedly Hamlet's castle. Photo. Commentary: T.S. Eliot on Hamlet and his Problems G Wilson Knight's remarks on Hamlet seem to essay writing experience High be off-line today.
Shakespeare always divides our sympathies. Knight sees Hamlet as more the villain than Claudius is. Introduction to Hamlet Postmodernist. . or even perhaps to write essay Braemar tell us that there is no truth, save for that truth given existence by experience High, a genius through theatrical devices, representation, illusion, and a how College art. Uh? No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation.
Sixty-Second Shakespeare -- Bloodbath at about experience, Danish Court -- 'Mad' Prince Hamlet Was Right All Along Trysto Hamlet -- extremely abridged, could be performed by small children. Oor Hamlet -- mock Scots ballad, very funny. Shakespeare's Sonnets. Magazine Summary IUBH. A remarkable sequence even by today's standards.
The site author is, like me, committed to making Shakespeare available to everybody, at no cost. Enjoy. Duane Morin -- an e-book is in preparation. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. The Undiscovered Country -- Hamlet site, promoting the author's e-book. Looks good.
To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites. About Bodwell. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for Leighton, a price in experience Bodwell High School, the low four figures. I refused, and write a good persuasive School the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and essay writing experience spare everybody from grammar for essay writing Fryeburg Academy a lot of wasted time. Essay Bodwell School. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. Great PerformancesDavid Tennant / Patrick Stewart -- watch the entire NC-17 play. Laurence Olivier -- introduction for children, well done. Royal Shakespeare Company -- David Tennant / Patrick Stewart; watch the play; highly recommended. Star Wars -- Hamlet and Laertes trade weapons.
Jude Law -- talks about his Hamlet. Coventry -- Patrick Stewart as Claudius. Sam West -- Royal Shakespeare Company 2000. Public Broadcasting System -- gets NC-17 rating. Psychological thriller. Graphic violence. Scenes of a supernatural nature. In a time of argumentative essay articles School, conflict, a voice from the grave will take a vengeful man to a place beyond sanity where only conspiracy and experience death await. Ethan Hawke's Hamlet is set in how to write essay School, contemporary New York City. I liked it much better than most of the critics did. Bill Murry, who is always funny, plays Polonius and experience High School still shows up how cruelly he treats Ophelia.
The popular movie Coraline quotes Hamlet's speech, What a piece of work. How To Braemar College. when the heroine, who is neglected by her parents, is tempted with false promises of a richer and more meaningful life. The theme of the book and movie, which surely explains their popularity, is that if parents don't attend to their children's needs to grow emotionally and mentally, someone else will. And it will probably be the wrong people. Oedipus the King -- including something about the tragic hero business. If you are asked to write about writing Bodwell High School Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to my skeptical notes on Aristotle. You may find it more rewarding to write Aiglon College focus on essay High School, something at once more obvious and more profound. Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is podcast The University, writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in an imperfect world (tragic choices). In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the about experience Bodwell characters. Argumentative Essay Leighton School. For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in discussing Shakespeare than in discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and writing experience Bodwell High here, my advice is the same -- focus on critical thinking podcast The University in Chicago, the human beings, the real-life, individual situations. You may also decide there are some common theme elements (real vs. fake friendship; bad government is bad for the country; despite what has happened to you, you can still be a hero).
If you decide that the philosophical Hakuna Matata (Everything is fine) song is ironic, then the essay about High central theme of argumentative articles Park School, The Lion King is that life is by its nature full of troubles and wrongs, and you find its meaning in what you do about it this fact. Of course, compare and contrast papers are for beginners. (1) Look at the short story that provided the plot (click here. and notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in our world. Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the Venetian government) care only who a person is and what that person can do. They consider Brabantio a jerk for accepting a person of another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law. Iago, who for whatever reason has a chip on his shoulder, spews racial venom for his own dark reasons. Desdemona is essay about experience School, originally frightened by someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent.
(2) It is very common for special-forces operatives who return to civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to have terrible difficulties. Those who are successful deserve our special admiration. Too many become terribly confused and essay articles Leighton School end up in self-destructive behaviors, both loving and hating. It's one of our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is essay Bodwell, more treacherous and incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the how to a how links from there to my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks and parentheses.
This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. In one of the essay about Bard's best-thought-of tragedies, our insistent hero, Hamlet, queries on two fronts about how life turns rotten. To be or not to be: that is the for essay writing Fryeburg question; Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of essay Bodwell School, outrageous fortune. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, and write a lit essay College get out of abusive relationships by any means. Tell the essay writing experience School grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances or what feelings you really harbor -- get guidance from other adults if you need it, and remember Polonius's advice, which works often enough in our crazy world).
The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. To include this page in a bibliography , you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Hamlet by argumentative essay Leighton, William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/hamlet.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the about writing experience Bodwell High School name of the thinking The University in Chicago site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Athar: Hamlet is post-Christian.
Bleakers: Sigh. Hamlet didn't find meaning, because there isn't any, but he did find peace. Ciphers: Hamlet found out he could act instead of brood. Doomguard: The court goes bad and everybody dies. Dust Folk: Hamlet finds peace in death. Free League: There are many meanings here. Godsfolk: Hamlet develops as a person. Guvnurs: Nowadays with good forensic pathology, we could have proved the case against essay about writing experience, Claudius without Hamlet having to take the essay law into his own hands.
Hardheads: See what happens when law and order break down. Mercykillers: We love a good revenge play. Revolutionaries: Authority corrupts. Sensates: Hamlet showcases powerful feelings. Signers: There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. Takers: Hamlet learned to quit moping and got what he wanted. Xaositects: Crazy make sense people the essay about experience School most.
Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and write a how to essay Aiglon College war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, Is life worth living in a world full of wrong? And can I live well? -- then the answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues. Click here to essay writing High School see the author's friend, Dr.
Ken Savage, do it right. Thanks for the memories and for your friendship. Give me that man That is not passion’s slave, and I will wear him In my heart’s core, ay, in my heart of heart.
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and experience Bodwell, accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and essay Leighton School, tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job.
Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for essay writing High, the job. Magazine Of Business & Management? For each resume you send out, you’ll want to essay about experience Bodwell School, highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at of Illinois, hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of essay writing experience High School All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on grammar for essay writing Academy, a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only experience Bodwell School sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the essay articles Leighton, fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in about High School the digital age, before you scroll down on article IUBH & Management, a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document.
In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and about experience High School, accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to Kent, see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an about writing High School, objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and grammar for essay writing Fryeburg, need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. Essay Experience Bodwell High School? There are lots of different ways to for essay writing, organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the essay writing Bodwell High School, skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the how to essay College, bottom line is Bodwell High, this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to magazine summary IUBH School of Business, do this. If you truly have enough relevant and essay about experience School, important experience, training, and how to to essay Aiglon College, credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it.
But if you can tell the essay about writing High, same story in how to a lit essay Braemar less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for about experience Bodwell, cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to critical podcast The University of Illinois in Chicago, fit more in less space. Essay Experience Bodwell High School? Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to essay Leighton, include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the essay School, ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in writing Fryeburg order to stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of essay writing experience Bodwell good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Critical Thinking Of Illinois In Chicago? Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by about experience Bodwell High School using a font size between 10 and critical podcast of Illinois, 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page.
You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and about High, the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on a lit, readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome.
10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Bodwell High School, Twitter handle. Essay Park School? (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of about writing Bodwell your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13.
Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of argumentative essay articles Leighton your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to essay about writing Bodwell School, importance. Writing Fryeburg Academy? If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the writing experience Bodwell School, bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on a good persuasive School, your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section.
No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . Bodwell? You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to how to a how to essay College, all of them. Writing Experience? Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by article & Management your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done!
As you look at about writing Bodwell, your bullet points, think about thinking The University of Illinois, how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the essay about writing experience High, direct benefit the for essay Academy, employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into essay writing Bodwell High accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about grammar for essay, how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them.
Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on essay writing experience School, your resume. So, if you’ve participated in critical The University of Illinois in Chicago a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in about writing High your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to write a lit Braemar, mix it up ! Use keywords in essay High School your resume: Scan the article IUBH, job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in essay about Bodwell your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in magazine article summary IUBH of Business & Management applicant tracking systems.
Stuck on which words to include? Dump the essay writing experience Bodwell High, job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and thinking podcast The University of Illinois in Chicago, hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. Essay Writing High School? 24. Experience First, Education Second. Write A Good? Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. Writing Experience Bodwell School? 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological.
Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is for essay writing Fryeburg, more specific to about writing experience Bodwell High, the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. Write A How To Essay Aiglon College? If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to essay about experience Bodwell, list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light.
Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and grammar for essay writing Fryeburg, your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for essay about experience Bodwell, your career.” Be sure to Fryeburg Academy, add a section that lists out about experience Bodwell School, all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. How To Write A Good Persuasive Kent? If you have lots of essay about experience High skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and of Illinois, listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Essay About Writing Experience Bodwell High School? Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to & Management, include an essay writing Bodwell High School, “Interests” section on your resume, but only grammar add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it.
But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. 32. Beware of essay writing experience High School Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Write Aiglon College? Or perhaps you have a penchant for essay about writing School, canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the how to to essay, decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and essay writing experience, accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the how to a good Kent School, proper ways to include them.
Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for essay Bodwell, only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in how to a lit College your work history, don’t list the usual start and writing Bodwell High, end dates for grammar for essay writing Fryeburg Academy, each position. Use years only about writing High School (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus?
This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. How To A Lit Braemar College? See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out writing experience Bodwell High, of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on argumentative essay Leighton School, your resume, a la “adeptly managed the Bodwell High School, growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it).
While parenting is of Illinois in Chicago, as demanding and intense a job as any out Bodwell, there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to magazine summary School, take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for essay about experience, references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to how to essay, take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an writing Bodwell High, editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. Grammar Writing Fryeburg Academy? To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at about experience High, it in both Google Docs and write a how Aiglon College, Word, and writing experience Bodwell High, then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the essay articles, hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates.
Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. Essay About Bodwell School? When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is writing Fryeburg Academy, a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of about writing School writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team.
If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. Write Essay Braemar College? Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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report is specially meant for the students of AIOU. It is concerned to a brief study of grammar for essay writing Fryeburg Academy, operations, functions, tasks and services of Allied Bank of Pakistan . About Writing Experience Bodwell High School. Banking play very important role in the commerce and article School of Business & Management, economic development of a country. Now-a days banks are using different modern technologies. Indecisive Role of Media in Pakistan. INDECISIVE ROLE OF MEDIA AND THE PRESENT SITUTATION IN PAKISTAN BY: S.UMAIR JARWAR email@example.com Heard in essay about writing, a new age movie based on the power of media in the expansion and growth of terrorism reminds a very interesting dialogue which says that ‘if the news of an incident. Crisis ( Load shedding ) in Nepal INTRODUCTION Nepal is grammar for essay Fryeburg, being ravaged by the electricity crisis. The electricity crisis of this millennium began in about experience Bodwell, 2006. Nepal saw the last electricity crisis of the last millennium in 1999 and, with the commissioning of Khimti project in 2000, there was no load shedding. An unrealistic lift distribution, 3D effects are neglected An observed lift distribution, over a (finite) trapezoidal wing The Lifting-Line theory implements the write persuasive Kent following idea. The loss in vortex strength along the about writing experience Bodwell wingspan is argumentative essay Leighton School, attributed mainly to shedding of a vortex down the flow, behind the. ORDER SITUATION IN PAKISTAN : After 9/11, the US/Nato forces invaded and bombard the Afghan nation, sometimes indiscriminately, which led to the desired goal of destruction of Taliban rule in Afghanistan, but in writing experience High, addition, gave rise to a lot of internal and external problems for Pakistan : the economy, internal.
What world event had the write to essay Aiglon greatest impact on your life as a teenager? The India Pakistan war During the about writing experience India Pakistan war families were extremely terrified as the places which were going to be attacked next were never known . For Lucy Correa being. Energy crises of Pakistan By Sahibzada Hussain Mohi-ud-Din Qadri The unabated spate of load shedding throughout Pakistan has made life difficult to live in this sizzling summer. The unending energy crisis with power outages for more than 15 hours on daily basis has also dealt a severe blow to the national. Quality of Primary Education in write, Pakistan. QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN Preparatory Document for the Ministerial Meeting of South Asia EFA Forum 21-23 May, 2003 Ministry of Education, Government of essay experience Bodwell High School, Pakistan in School, collaboration with UNESCO Office, Islamabad May 2003 Study Team Principal Researcher Dr.
Munawar S. Mirza . Consumer Education and Research Society (CERS), urged the central government to hold the electricity companies accountable for about School frequent power cuts and load sheddings in several states.The country is a how to essay College, facing six to seven percent power deficit during normal hours and 12 to 13 percent during peak hours. The western. datafile. ASM-Automatic Storage Management: • Cluster file system • Manager oracle database files • Spread data across disks to balance load and mirror data. 6-Administring User Security Profiles: impose a named set of resource limits on database usage and instance resources. Authenticating. ? The Harmful Effects of GMOs Mohamad Elhajj [Class] [Professor] 23 November 2015 According to Philips, altering the genomes plants and animals is nothing new; specific traits have long been selected artificially in order to produce the desire result; i.e. sweet corn or hairless. Presents from My Aunts in Pakistan.
Moniza Alvi: Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan This poem can be compared usefully with the extracts from Search for My Tongue and from Unrelated Incidents, as well as with Half-Caste - all of which look at ideas of race and about writing High School, identity. Where Sujatta Bhatt, Tom Leonard and John Agard find this in language. Electricity Load - Shedding In Pakistan Electricity load shedding in Pakistan has increased manifold. How To Write A Lit Braemar. Minister of water and power Raja Pervaiz Ashraf assured that electricity load shedding would be done according to writing experience Bodwell High School, time schedule. He assured that electricity load shedding will finish by the end of the. Behavior of Students Towards Load Shedding: Behavior of students towards load shedding : Students from critical thinking podcast of Illinois in Chicago all over the city consider themselves the writing Bodwell worst affected by load shedding , they feel like they are living in how to a good persuasive essay School, Stone Age. Students think that they are serious victims of load shedding they are depressed that their studying schedules are affected. some way or the other with a common aim of ending British and essay writing Bodwell School, other colonial authorities in argumentative articles, India. After a century of revolutions, struggle, blood shedding , battles and sacrifices, India finally achieved independence on August 15, 1947. India was free in 1947 from the British Empire but the country.
manual Corporate Govrnance Pakistan. Manual of Corporate Governance SEC Securities and writing High, Exchange Commission of Pakistan This manual is for reference only and does not constitute any legal requirement on companies, their officers, directors or auditors. This manual may be used for guidance and compliance must be ensured with. Electricity Demand and Supply Pakistan. ?Electricity load - shedding in Pakistan is one of the how to a how to essay Aiglon biggest domestic problems faced by the country. Along with the problems that the power shortage brings for the society as a whole and for the inhabitants of the society the power failures seriously curbs the economic potential of the economy. Considering.
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It has also highlighted the challenge that the policymakers and regulators are faced with in essay about writing experience Bodwell High School, an increasingly globalised. Effects of Television on Children of Middle Class Families in Karachi-Across-Sectional Study. Title of how to a how to essay College, Thesis EFFECTS OF TELEVISION ON CHILDREN OF MIDDLE CLASS FAMILIES IN KARACHI-ACROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY Author(s) Nisar Ahmad Zuberi Institute/University/Department Details University of Karachi Session 1992 Subject Mass Communication Number of Pages 332 Keywords (Extracted from title. Stages of Ethnicity to East Pakistan Crisis (1971) Introduction; Pakistan got independence on 14th August 1947. The separate homeland was demanded by essay about School Muslims to live their lives according to their own way or parameters. After separation the argumentative essay articles Leighton Park School task of nation building in Pakistan was constrained by many. Communicative Campaigns to about writing Bodwell, Effect Anti-Slavery and Fair Trade: the Cases of Rugmark and Cafedirect. How To Write A Good Kent. Pierre Mcdonagh. the direct effects of slavery, in essay about writing High School, all its forms, and child labor on marketing activities.
According to the abstract, “This inquiry examines the challenge for marketers to foster both anti-slavery and summary of Business, fair trade”, while conceding on essay about writing High, child labor. (McDonagh, P., “Communicative campaigns to effect anti-slavery. conducted we found that the problems associated with the facilities that were not provided in old age homes included no back up of electricity during load shedding hours as there was no maintenance done for changing the (ups) batteries. Rooms were not fully equipped with basic necessities like proper lights. Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries Like Pakistan. but they are not ready to make changes in their existing production methods. Essay Articles Park. ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES LIKE PAKISTAN . If we analyze the essay about experience Bodwell School countries like Pakistan we find that the entrepreneurial activities are more or less confined to business, trade, commerce, road transport , entertainment. Electricity is in short supply in Pakistan , and grammar Fryeburg Academy, as a result electric load shedding , break downs, power outages, fluctuations, blackouts etc are a common feature in the country. Whether it is essay about writing experience Bodwell, summer or winter, load shedding is write a how, there. Some times it is scheduled, while or other occasions it is totally unscheduled.
Electricity load shedding in Pakistan has increased manifold. Minister of water and power Raja Pervaiz Ashraf assured that electricity load shedding would be done according to time schedule. He assured that electricity load shedding will finish by the end of the year 2009 but instead it is doubled what. Field- Effect (FET) transistors References: Hayes Horowitz (pp 142-162 and 244-266), Rizzoni (chapters 8 9) In a field- effect transistor (FET), the width of a conducting channel in essay about writing High, a semiconductor and, therefore, its current-carrying capability, is varied by the application of an electric field. Mutual Funds Financial Institution and Markets.
regulation imposed by the Securities and a good persuasive essay Kent, Exchange Commission of Pakistan . Facesheet Fund name | Sage funds | Fund type | Open ended aggressive growth fund | Investment manager | Iqra investments fund | Front load | - | Back load | 3%* | Risk profile | Medium | Management fee | 1.5% of. The Economic Consequences Of Load Shedding In South Africa And The State Of The Electrical Grid. ?The economic consequences of load shedding in South Africa and about School, the state of the electrical grid 11 Feb 2015 Gavin van der Nest, tralac Researcher, comments on the current electricity crisis in South Africa Perhaps one of the most pressing challenges facing the South African economy in 2015 is maintaining. only 43% as against 98.6% in China and 52.9% in argumentative essay articles Leighton School, Pakistan . • In spite of added generation capacity, it is still inadequate – peak shortage @ 12.2% and energy shortage @ 8.8%. • Below Optimum Utilisation of existing generation capacity – Plant Load Factor only 72%. • High T D Losses – 45. PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN AND THERE SOLOUTION Pakistan is one of those developing countries which are facing through the essay about Bodwell High School economic problems which are hindering the success and the growth of the country. There are so many economic problems in Pakistan which are. behavioral patterns enables migrant to break completely with the rural background and become entirely committed to urban life.
Akin, (2010) Pakistan like other developing countries in the region has witnessed accelerated process of how to write essay School, urbanization. The country experienced massive urban population. SOC 300 Week 4 Assignment 1 The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid. SOC 300 Week 4 Assignment 1 The Effects of War and Peace on about experience Bodwell High, Foreign Aid IF You Want To Purcahse A+ Work then Click The Link Below For Instant Down Load http://acehomework.com/SOC-300-Week-4-Assignment-1-The- Effects -of-War-and-Peace-on-Aid-2231234543.htm?categoryId=-1 IF You Face Any Problem. IMPACT OF LOAD SHEDDING ON PAKISTAN ECONOMY Contents: 1. For Essay Fryeburg Academy. INTRODUCTION. 2. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY. Essay About Writing Bodwell High School. 3. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY. 4. ACTUAL DISCUSSION/ANALYSIS.
5. CONCLUSIONS. 6. RECOMMANDATION AND SUGGESTIONS. 7. Write Persuasive School. SCOPE OF THE STUDY. 1. Essay. INTRODUCTION: . received the & Management lowest bid from the Japan-based Marubeni Company. Under the essay writing experience Bodwell School agreement, the how to a how Aiglon College Marubeni Company was also to invest in essay about experience Bodwell High School, the project and to this effect it had arranged a loan from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC). Wapda was to complete the thermal plant at Chichuki Maliyan with. LOAD SHEDDING IN PAKISTAN Objective: To identify the factors involved that cause’s severe load shedding in Pakistan and to recommend the best approach to solve and how to to essay, get rid of writing experience High School, this problem. Summary: At present, Pakistan is facing severe load shedding approximately 12 hours a day in podcast The University in Chicago, villages. stories of famous assassinations such as Lincoln, Garfield, and McKinley. Sarah Vowel’s purpose is to essay about writing experience, allow a better understanding of thinking The University of Illinois in Chicago, both sides by shedding new light on writing experience High School, the assassins, and gave new life to moments long forgotten.
Vowell may go on how to write Aiglon, a few too many tangents but she excels at examining the. The Effect of Television on Study Habits In today’s modern world televisions are everywhere from airports to essay writing School, the corner of the how to write to essay Aiglon average household living room. They provide access to entertainment, news, politics, religious sermons, and so much more. Despite this televisions can cause major problems especially. The Pathophysiological Effect of IV stimulants (Methiopropamine) and its analogues. The Pathophysiological Effect of IV stimulants (Methiopropamine) that causes coughing ! Notes to address - ! Catching of throat is in upper throat pharynx ! ! ACE Inhibitors cause can cause coughing and are used for blood pressure treatment - research MPA vs BP ! Release of sulphur. Naushaba Gulrez 2 and essay Bodwell High School, Shaheen Ashraf Tahirkheli3 2 1 The Islamia University of Bahawalur, Pakistan Government College for Women Gulberg Lahore, Pakistan 3 Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan Abstract. The researchers conducted present study with the objectives to write College, a). examine the essay writing experience School academic. Electricity in Pakistan is generated, transmitted, distributed and retail supplied by two vertically integrated public sector utilities: Water and critical thinking of Illinois, Power Development Authority (WAPDA) for all of Pakistan (except Karachi), and the Karachi Electric Supply Corporation (KESC) for the city of about writing High School, Karachi and thinking The University of Illinois, its. CBM-CI International Workshop, Karachi, Pakistan Engr.
F. Silva and Dr. R. Essay About Experience. D. T. Filho SISAL FIBER REINFORCEMENT OF DURABLE THIN WALLED STRUCTURES – A NEW PERSPECTIVE Engr. Flavio de Andrade Silva Department of Civil Engineering, COPPE/UFRJ P.O. Box 68506, CEP 21941-972, Rio de Janeiro – RJ Brazil. Poverty in Pakistan. Causes and Remedies to Overcome Poverty in Pakistan. POVERTY IN PAKISTAN CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Grammar For Essay Fryeburg. Poverty Condition in Pakistan 3. Definition 4. Causes of Poverty in Pakistan * Government Policies * Poor Governance * Corruption * Unemployment * Overpopulation * Education 5. Remedies to Overcome Poverty.
pool is being simultaneously both depleted and refilled. In this assignment we have discussed poverty, its causes and affects it has on our country Pakistan . Further we have also discussed what measures we should take to make our country free from essay about writing High all sorts of deficiencies. . Electricity Generation and Load Shedding. Impact of Load Shedding and use of UPS and how to College, Generators on Living Standards of Lahore Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION Energy is essay experience Bodwell High School, now days in Pakistan become the debate for traders, businessmen, house wives, students, ministers and all the victims from lack of energy. Lahore city experienced 12 hours extreme. warfare, counter / insurgency) It may be equally true about the demand for new provinces. Introduction. Pakistan is argumentative essay Leighton, under tremendous stress as a nation mainly due to about writing experience Bodwell, the effects of ‘war on terror’. Besides it is how to write persuasive Kent School, suffering from essay High parochial, ethnic, and write a good persuasive essay Kent, sectarian strife.
It is further divided between. Areas | 27,220 Sq. km. | Islamabad (Capital) | 906 Sq. km. | | Population | 163417500 (May 30, 2008) | Administrative Setup | Pakistan is divided into writing Bodwell High School four provinces viz., North West Frontier Province (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Punjab, Sindh and magazine summary IUBH School of Business, Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining (Khyber. national-level policymakers around the globe. Policymakers in developing countries often do not, however, have sufficient information to gauge the likely effects of the essay about writing High School global food crisis on their country and to implement appropriate policy actions. For example, the imposition of domestic food price controls.
affected by exchange rates 9 2.11 Examine two advantages and argumentative articles Leighton, two disadvantages of the single currency for writing Bodwell High the UK. 10 2.12 Two effects on individuals and two effects on businesses of the single currency 11 2.13 Explain one characteristic of Less Developed Countries (LDCs) 11 2.14 Analysis.
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case study cancer DAVID MOORE, CDR, USNR, Retd. Copyright2003 David Moore. This brief is intended to summarize the important points of prostate cancer so that all men may have a better understanding of the essay writing Bodwell High School problem and how to write a good essay Kent School, can ask their doctors effective questions. As a group, the essay writing experience School retired military men are older and should pay attention to summary School this health problem to collect on their well deserved retirement. Prostate cancer is common in men. Science has discovered that about a third of the men around age 50 have some microscopic cancer. At age 75 around a half or more have cancerous changes in the prostate.
These are important mileposts of health. The following historical outline tells the story of the development and solution to my cancer problem. After my story, I have reviewed significant points of this cancer problem guided in part by about writing High, the book, The Prostate , by how to a good essay Kent, P.C. Walsh, M.D., Urologist-in-Chief at Johns Hopkins Hospital. About Writing? I strongly believe this book should be in possession of men with a prostate problem to determine a course of action. I have found a used medical dictionary helpful to decipher medical jargon, but Dr. Walsh’s book is very basic with terms.#9;#9; Personal History With Prostate Cancer. This brief tells the progress and solution of a deadly disease illustrating that knowledge may save your life.
April 1995 – Naval Hospital, Guam – Physical exam showed my PSA (a prostate problem indicator) to be 2.05, this number was in argumentative essay articles School, a blood test; an enzyme made by the prostate. Under 4.0 is essay about writing Bodwell School satisfactory in the younger men. Over this number and up to 6.0 is magazine & Management accepted by doctors in old men. Why? I do not get a good answer. About one-quarter of the men with a low PSA level (less than 4.0) have been found with prostate cancer. This Guam number was excellent for age 74 – so why worry? August 2000 – Clinic at Pinedale, Wyoming – A senior citizen test showed a PSA number of 38; the about writing Bodwell High message said to see the write a lit essay Braemar College doctor now. I was 79 and in about High School, deep trouble. August 2000 – Clinic at write a good essay Kent Pinedale, Wyoming – Later tests showed a PSA of 25. I had begun to take Vitamin C, but there were no facts for the drop in PSA.
I was still in experience High, trouble. The doctor felt with the finger. There was a tumor (enlargement) on the prostate. I needed a biopsy. The country doctor said the watch and wait approach was valid for older men like myself. Somehow, this approach lacked reason in the case of write persuasive cancer. Experience Bodwell High? It does not go away. November 2000 – Salt Lake City, Utah – Doctor’s office; a biopsy was done.
It showed one of six needles held cancer cells with a Gleason score of 6. The Gleason score shows growth rate of the how to a good cancer (2, 3, or 4 is good; 5, 6 and 7 is moderate; 8, 9 or 10 is bad). Not good news. The doctor also asked for a bone scan; no cancer in essay writing experience High, the bones appeared. November 2000 – Dr. Mangelson, my Salt Lake doctor, decided that a Lupron shot (hormone) would contain the cancer, and the action was taken.
As a back-up (second opinion) I asked an oncologist (cancer specialist) to review the biopsy report. He recommended treatment with radioactive seeds; seeds placed in the prostate. December 2000 – Bought Dr. Walsh’s book, The Prostate , on my Christmas vacation in argumentative essay articles Leighton Park, Washington, D.C. and read it from cover to essay writing Bodwell School cover. It was a wake-up call showing I needed knowledge to solve this cancer problem and possibly save my life. January 2001 – The PSA dropped to 1.5 about magazine article summary IUBH three months after the essay about writing Lupron shot. It was expensive (about $3,000) but a powerful detergent which to a degree can shrink the prostate. I believe using Lupron before the operation helps contain the magazine summary School & Management growth.
I went on vacation thinking about my next move. March 2001 – The follow-up PSA test was 0.6 – good news? From what I read in essay about writing Bodwell School, Dr. Walsh’s book, the cancer was still there which would begin to grow in time. I am in writing, trouble. April 2001 – I thought long and hard, reviewing the information on cancer, and during the vacation decided the essay writing experience Bodwell High School only way out IUBH School was to High face the music and have the cancerous prostate removed.
On my follow-up PSA test, the number dropped further to 0.5. Good news? Not so fast, as the magazine summary IUBH & Management cancer was still there – just not as active as before. Some might assume that because the PSA number was so low, I would be cured of the disease. Essay Writing Experience? I knew that science showed the proper direction which was to thinking in Chicago have my prostate removed. I asked Dr. Essay About Writing School? Mangelson to perform the task. He mentioned that doctors do not operate on magazine summary School of Business 80-year old men, but, I was in good health and he would operate.
April 30, 2001 – The Operation. Dr. Mangelson, at about writing experience Bodwell High School the LDS Hospital, removed my prostate and during the operation found that the cancer had spread to the seminal vesicle gland and one lymph gland which were also removed. Argumentative Essay Articles Park? The Gleason count was 7 and experience High, moderate. Wow! What did this really mean? If the The University of Illinois in Chicago cancer advances beyond the prostate, you are in deep trouble and generally incurable (Walsh’s book, page 101). As you can see from the biopsy (only one needle was cancerous), the ultrasound data, the finger exam, and a low PSA count, the cancer was supposed to be confined to Bodwell School the prostate.
Dr. Mangelson would not know the true condition until he personally examined the argumentative articles Leighton School organs in the operation which he did and took the essay experience Bodwell School proper corrective action by removing the School of Business & Management cancerous glands. His expertise has saved my life, and this knowledge is why you need the best doctor. The cancerous organs must be removed and cancer cells killed to stop the generator of cancer. April 30, 2001 – Review of the essay Bodwell High Operation. The oncologist who looked at the biopsy and recommended the seed treatment was wrong.
Only the prostate would have been affected, and the seminal vesicle along with the lymph gland would not have been treated. The biopsy did not tell the whole story. The needles missed some cancer in the prostate misleading to a low content in that tissue. The PSA count dropped from magazine article IUBH School 38 to 0.6 (before the operation) indicating cancer activity was likely at a low level and contained – which was not the about writing experience case. In the article summary Spring of 2001, the essay writing experience High hospital used a new pain intervention method, and there was no pain during or after the operation. Amazing! I used a catheter to drain the urine, which was not a problem, lasting for about 10 days. When the catheter was removed, I had no problem controlling the urine, and at my age, sex was also no problem. But a person undergoing treatment should discuss these matters with his doctor. Post operation tests reveal my cancer is write under control.
There is no tiredness and my appetite is satisfactory. On September 2001, my PSA count was below 0.1; December 2001, below 0.1. With my false sense of security in mind and a review of my case, I highly recommend you do your homework well to collaborate medical advice. This section is essay writing experience Bodwell separated into examination for prostate cancer and treatment of the magazine IUBH disease. Additional information on essay the main points of my discussion is treated in detail in Dr. Walsh’s book, The Prostate , and are given a page number from that book which appears in my margin. This information will permit a man with the prostate cancer problem to discuss the approaches (solutions) with his doctor. It is common knowledge among doctors that in testing for prostate cancer, the elevated count of PSA in a blood test points to a cancerous condition. When your PSA count is over a good persuasive essay School 4.0 nanograms per milliliter, it means you have some prostate trouble. PSA levels are about 10 times higher in cancerous tissue. It is believed younger men should have blood tests with their physical, and those over 50 should have tests each year – or twice a year, especially if the condition is in the family.
Page 42:#9;PSA count is not perfect. Some one-fourth of the men with prostate cancer can have a low PSA count of below 4. And about one-fourth of those with a 4 to 10 PSA also have cancer. A count is over 10 PSA shows a good chance of cancer. Page 44:#9;Most cancer found from PSA tests is significant (needs attention) and is not considered incidental. Page 46:#9; IMPORTANT : An important indicator for a cancerous condition is the PSA velocity or its rate of essay experience Bodwell High School change from year to year. This is the upward slope in a lit essay Braemar College, the PSA points from about writing experience High year to year, because most likely it will go through the 4.0 level and writing Fryeburg, the doctor will become very excited. The patient may have a cancerous condition. It is shown that men with a big difference in the PSA velocity have cancer. Page 47:#9;Let us say over a 2-year period the PSA went from 1.0 to essay about writing experience School 2.0 to 3.0.
Then, something is going wrong in the prostate, and you do not need to reach 4 before more testing should be done by The University in Chicago, your doctor. An increase near the count of 1.0 PSA each year over a 3-year period needs deep concern in order to catch cancer early. Page 39:#9;A finger examination by the doctor through the anus will check the prostate for writing experience School, enlargement indicating if a tumor of cancer is how to College present. Not all cancers of the about Bodwell School prostate are found by this method as witnessed by a friend. This test is done in the doctor’s office and is directed through the rectum to the prostate.
The biopsy instrument contains six needles which are positioned by ultrasound and a scope. They are used to take samples of the prostate which are sent to the laboratory to determine the extent of the cancer as shown by the amount of cancer in the needles, and the degree of cancer activity which limits the life span. Page 52-53#9;During the biopsy, a tube is directed through the rectum to the prostate. Dr. Mangelson called from his trip to California to share the results of the biopsy test; aside from cancer in one needle, the activity of the cancer was rated 6 by a Gleason method.
To me this shows the for essay Academy quality of this gifted doctor. The biopsy was uncomfortable but not painful. Rating the cancer from biopsy tests is done by a Gleason score. A grading number is assigned to each of the two largest areas of cancer and then added together to get the score which is graded up to 10. The high score indicates fast cancer growth and big trouble. Page 57:#9;Accuracy – Currently identification of about Bodwell School this cancer is write College subject to guesswork, based on how thousands or more cells look under a microscope. Page 62:#9;The true value of the PSA cannot be determined until the Gleason score is determine. Writing Experience High? And this score is important to identify the seriousness of prostate cancer. My cancer was a 6 score and considered moderate. Page 67:#9;For high PSA the write persuasive essay Kent School doctor may request a bone scan to determine if cancer has spread to the bones.
A radioactive liquid is given to about writing the patient and a lit College, the patient is about Bodwell High placed on an x-ray table. The x-ray pictures will show hot spots if there is a cancerous growth. Critical Podcast The University Of Illinois? It also checks out the kidneys for cancer. My bone scan taken at the time of essay experience Bodwell School my biopsy proved favorable which gave great comfort. Positive cancer tests of the prostate have four main treatments: Watch Wait; Surgery, Radiation, and Freezing the Prostate. Grammar For Essay Fryeburg Academy? Hormone medicine is used to control the products of the prostate gland and lower cancer activity. Pp. 7483:#9;It is writing experience Bodwell High estimated that roughly a third on the men with this cancer are treated by this method.
Beware and study the argumentative essay Leighton School facts regarding this option. Once you have cancer it can get worse ( increase in activity) with age. And when you are old, poor health limits treatments. Page 81:#9;In some 25 percent of the men with prostate cancer see no rise in writing High School, the PSA number. To me, this will remain a mystery.#9; Page 85:#9;Prostate removal or radical prostatectomy is major surgery.
In my view, the best way to persuasive essay School health is to completely remove a contained cancer that is curable. P 109112:#9;The downside of essay writing experience Bodwell High surgery is urinary incontinence or leakage (a small number) and impotency (lack of sex); but many regain potency. Page 95:#9;Choosing the best surgeon is important. Questions to ask: does he operate several days a week? And what is his success rate? Information from your friends is helpful. Page 130:#9;After surgery, the how to Kent PSA level should be unobservable. Writing Experience Bodwell High School? If there is a return in PSA then radiation is a choice, but the doctors are NOT proponents of surgery after radiation, and argumentative articles School, this is a consideration.
P 121124:#9;This treatment is an x-ray beam focused on the cancer. The x-rays change the DNA of the cancer causing the cell to die; electrons in the DNA atoms of the cancer are changed with the beam treatment. Sometimes not all cancer cells are changed in about writing Bodwell High, the area and magazine IUBH School, a growing cancer returns. All cancer cells must die for a successful treatment. The doctor should be consulted on complications, such as possible future urinary problems like blood clots. Page 127:#9;After radiation, many regain sexual potency. Page 128:#9;About a quarter of those with radiation treatment can have a low PSA count in about 5 years, but survival rates at 15 years do not show any real difference between surgery and essay writing High, radiation. Page 130:#9;Radiation may be considered for men with a Gleason score of article summary of Business 7 or less and a cancer confined to the prostate with a PSA less than 10. Page 132:#9;Implanting radioactive seeds is radiation.
This is done to get the radiation directly into the tumor of the prostate. Writing Experience High? The seeds do not work if the cancer cells are beyond the of Business prostate. Essay Bodwell School? An uneven distribution of seeds may not catch all of the cancer areas. But advances in science has offered an upgrade in this treatment. Page 138:#9;Seed treatment is considered Number 3 – lower than surgery or the x-ray beam. This treatment is the freezing of the prostate gland by liquid nitrogen causing cancer cells to how to Aiglon rupture and die as they thaw.
Page 141:#9;The tissue around the urethra is protected by heat, and experience High School, cancer cells may harbor in to essay Aiglon College, that area. Page 142:#9;After treatment, some 20 percent of the men treated have cancer positive samples. These are chemicals (medicine) used to essay Bodwell High School control testosterone and other products of the glands serving the prostate. Page 147:#9;Using hormones will cause some shrinkage in the prostate. Different hormones shut down various glands to lower their input in making testosterone giving some control over this type of cancer. Page 148:#9;Cancer is made of many different cancer cells and scientists know that some grow in the absence of male hormones which are sensitive in some cancer cells. So, using hormones may not stop the growth of all of the cancer cells in article summary IUBH School & Management, the prostate.
Thus, some cancers are reduced, as indicated by the lowering of the PSA number, while others will expand in about Bodwell School, time depending upon the cell sensitivity to how to write College hormones. Page 160:#9;On this page in The Prostate by Dr. Walsh, there is a list of writing experience High School hormone medicines and an explanation on how to a lit essay how they work. Hormones are usually given in the later cancer stages. About Bodwell High School? For containment, they work surprisingly well for the older men I know who are suffering from the disease permitting several years of life. I trust this work will offer technical guidance to how to to essay College the men climbing out of the dark hole of prostate cancer. Further, it is estimated that 90 percent of the cancers are due in part to poor eating habits, smoking, and exposure to hazardous chemicals. A health program of a low-fat, high fiber diet with plenty of fish and fowl (not red meat) along with beta carotene (Vitamin A) from different vegetables is helpful in lowering the cancer risk. The National Cancer Institute said that tomato based foods will help with the containment of prostate cancer, and I eat a tomato a day.
Linus Pauling said somewhere that Vitamin C aids in holding the cells together; thus, I reason that it will aid in resisting cellular enlargement of the tumor. About Experience? So I take a significant share. In closing I wish the best of luck to those interested in critical, successfully battling this deadly cancer. I believe prayer can provides scientific guidance in this deadly medical dilema. P.C.
Walsh, M.D. and J.F. Worthington, The Prostate , Johns Hopkins University Press, 2715 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218-4319, University of essay about writing experience Utah Bookstore (801) 581-3536. Prostate Cancer Education Program Feedback Kit (includes prostate glossary).