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Essay essays University of Central Florida

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C Homework Help l Assignment l Project in C. Congratulations on passing with flying colors, if that#8217;s what you want then we can make sure achieve it. This is an example on C programming assignment help. We can custom design the solutions to match your skill level (either advanced, intermediate or basic), just let us know if you need us for C programming project help. For this project, you will be writing a program to compute the essays score for a tennis game between two teams A and B. Your program should read, from standard input, a sequence of characters indicating the winner of each individual point, and print to standard output the current score at various points during the game. University. Note : although it has been released in Week 2, we recommended that you begin this assignment in Week 3, because some of the material covered in essay Week 3 (functions and arrays) will be very useful in helping you to structure your program appropriately. A tennis match is divided into #8220;sets#8221;, #8220;games#8221; and Robert, #8220;points#8221;. Full details of the tennis scoring system can be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tennis_score . Essay Essays University Of Central Florida. To win a game, one team must score at reviews, least four points and at least two points more than the other team has scored during that game. For historical reasons, scores within a game are reported according to the following convention, where the number of points won by the serving team is shown on the left hand side, those of the of Central receiving team along the top row: Once both teams have three or more points, the score is reported as: #8220;Deuce#8221; if the two teams have won the same number of points #8220;Advantage Server#8221; if the serving team is ahead by critical reviews, one point #8220;Advantage Receiver#8221; if the receiving team is ahead by one point. To win a set, one team must win at essay of Central, least 6 games, and at least 2 games more that the other team has won during that game. To win the match, one team must win at least 3 sets.

Note : We will follow the rules used at Wimbledon, where a tie-break is never played in the 5th set. If the 5th set goes to Institut Rosenberg, a score of 6-6, normal games continue to be played until one team has a 2-game lead. Unless attempting the #8220;Bonus#8221; section, you can assume that the first four sets in the match will never go to a score of 6-6, so you do not have to worry about tie-breaks. If Team A serves for essays Florida, the first game, then Team B will serve for the second game, and write Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), the serve will continue to alternate between the two teams for the rest of the match, without regard to sets; in other words, if Team A serves for essay essays University Florida, the last game of one set, then Team B will serve for the first game of the following set. The input to essay writing competition Rossall, your program will be a series of characters A, B and S, with line breaks at appropriate intervals. The character A indicates a point won by Team A; B indicates a point won by Florida, Team B. The character S indicates that your program should print the score at that point in write essay Robert Gordon the match, in essays University of Central the following format: The first line indicates which team is about to serve (A or B); the second line indicates the write topic Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) score for all completed sets as well as the current set, and the third line indicates the score within the current game (from the perspective of the serving team). For each set, the of Central number of games won by the serving team should be printed first, followed by a dash, followed by essay competition, the number of games won by the receiving team. When your program detects that the match is essays University of Central Florida finished, it should print the final score in this format: The final score is a list of the scores for each set, with the score of the match-winning team printed first.

The program should then terminate (without considering any further input). For example, if the Berlin Brandenburg International School input to essay Florida, your program is BSAAAABBBS, the school Berlin Brandenburg output should look like this: This indicates that, when the first S instruction is processed, no sets or games have been won by essay of Central, either team, and Team B (who are receiving) have scored one point in the first game. When the second S is processed, Team A has won one game, and Team B (who are now serving) have scored three points in the second game. Note that a blank line should be printed under each score. For all your C programming homework help, we will help with C programming homework solutions to your C programming problems. You are given a system with 4 types of resources: A, B, C, and write essay Gordon University, D. Some of these resources are allocated to processes and you only have no A, 1 B, 1 C, and no D left to allocate. You have 5 processes in the system that hold the following resources: The operating system has been collecting resource requests from the processes.

The current set of requests are: Based on the results of the banker#8217;s algorithm, should the operating system grant all of the requests whether all at once or one at a time? Justify your answer. The operating system cannot grant all of the requests since the resources are inadequate. Essay Essays. However, assuming a process will release all granted resources once it has finished utilizing the resources granted according to its request (the assumption of Cowan, banker#8217;s algorithm), the essays University operating system cannot grant resources for articles Berlin Brandenburg School, all processes. Following banker#8217;s algorithm, P3, P0 and P4 can be granted resources but P1 and P2 cannot. Here is the explanation. We use tuples (A, B, C, D) to represent the numbers of resources of each type. Currently, it is essay University (0, 1, 1, 0). (1) P3 requires (0, 1, 0, 0), which can be satisfied and Cowan, results in (0, 1, 1, 0) – (0, 1, 0, 0) = (0, 0, 1, 0) resource left. Now P3 has (1, 0, 0, 0) + (0, 1, 0, 0) = (1, 1, 0, 0) resources; After P3 release all, the operating system has (0, 0, 1, 0) + (1, 1, 0, 0) = (1, 1, 1, 0) resource. (2) P0 requires (1, 0, 1, 0), which can be satisfied and of Central Florida, results in (1, 1, 1, 0) – (1, 0, 1, 0) = (0, 1, 0, 0) resource left. Now P0 has (0, 1, 1, 1) + (1, 0, 1, 0) = (1, 1, 2, 1) resources; After P0 release all, the operating system has (0, 1, 0, 0) + (1, 1, 2, 1) = (1, 2, 2, 1) resource. (3) P4 requires (0, 0, 2, 1), which can be satisfied and results in (1, 2, 2, 1) – (0, 0, 2, 1) = (1, 2, 0, 0) resource left. Now P4 has (0, 0, 2, 1) + (0, 0, 2, 1) = (0, 0, 4, 2) resources; After P4 release all, the international essay writing Rossall operating system has (1, 2, 0, 0) + (0, 0, 4, 2) = (1, 2, 4, 2) resource. (4) Now P1 requires 3 Ds and P2 required 3 Bs.

Neither of them can be satisfied by the current resource set (1, 2, 4, 2). Getting any single student from home amid tra_c to his or her classes is solvable. However, getting every student from home to classes amid tra_c is a bigger problem, especially to students. For Dal, this involves over 15,000 students. Suppose that Dal was willing to essays, provide money to writing Rossall, ease the problem of of Central, getting students from. home to intellectual thinking auf dem Rosenberg, class on time though the city tra_c. For each of prevention, avoidance, and detection and recovery, outline and explain a solution to this problem or indicate why that solution approach is not applicable to essay of Central Florida, the problem. In the event that a framework does not utilize either a deadlock-prevention or a deadlock-avoidance algorithm, then a deadlock situation may happen. In nature#8217;s domain, the framework must give: An algorithm that inspects the state of the framework to figure out difficulties in writing Cowan University, if a deadlock has happened.

An algorithm to University Florida, recuperate from the deadlock. Deadlock-prevention algorithms, anticipate deadlocks via limiting how demands could be made. Writing. The restrictions guarantee that no less than one of the fundamental conditions for essay University, deadlock can#8217;t happen and, subsequently, that deadlocks can#8217;t hold. Articles Brandenburg School. Conceivable reactions of essay essays University of Central, counteracting deadlocks by this strategy, on the other hand, are low gadget usage and decreased framework throughput. An option technique for keeping away from deadlocks is to require extra data about Rossall how assets are to be asked. For instance, in essay a framework with one tape drive and one printer, we may be told that process P will ask for first the tape drive, and later the printer, before discharging both assets. Process Q, then again, will ask for first the printer and afterward the tape drive. With this learning of the thinking Institut complete grouping of appeals and discharges for essays of Central, each one methodology, we can choose for synopsis Accademia di Belle Arti, each one appeal whether the essay essays Florida procedure ought to difficulties in writing essay Edith University, hold up so as to dodge a conceivable future deadlock. Each one solicitation obliges that in essays University Florida settling on this choice the framework consider the reviews School assets at present accessible, the assets as of now designated to each one methodology, and the future demands and arrivals of each one procedure. The different algorithms contrast in the sum and kind of data needed. The least complex and most helpful model obliges that each one procedure announce the greatest number of essay University of Central, assets of intellectual auf dem, each one sort that it may require.

Given this from the earlier data, it is conceivable to build an algorithm that guarantees that the framework will never enter a deadlocked state. Such an essay of Central algorithm characterizes the reviews Roedean School deadlock-avoidance approach. A deadlock-avoidance algorithm dynamically looks at the asset portion state to guarantee that a round hold up condition can never exist. University Of Central Florida. Design and implement a multi-threaded program with a critical section. The following is a sample C programming homework, so if you need C programming homework help check out thinking Institut auf dem, this porgram. Write a script that monitors the creation of .pdf or .PDF files in the current directory. Every minute it should display a list of those filenames created after the previous display. Note: the essays University script should run forever. A telephone directory, teledir.txt, maintains records in the form name:number where number is harvard school articles Berlin Brandenburg of the essays of Central form nnn-nnn-nnnn.

Devise a shell script that accepts one or two arguments that could be the name or number. If it exists in the directory, then the list should be displayed. both. Write Topic Gordon University (NAVITAS). The entry is displayed if it exists and is added if it doesn#8217;t exist in he file.You can assume that the user will enter the number as nnn-nnn-nnnn. No need to essay University of Central, do any error checking. Also, let us keep the Roedean name simple too assume it is just one word like #8220;Veerasamy#8221; Write a perl script that accepts a filename and the delimiter string as arguments, and then displays each line with its fields reversed.

Write a C program to split the contents of a file specified as argument into multiple files so that each file contains at most 10000 bytes. Name the files foo.1, foo.2 and so forth if foo is the argument. Write a C program to create a family tree of tasks from the main task (total 8 tasks, A is parent of B and C, B is essays University parent of write essay Gordon, D and C is the essay essays University of Central parent of synopsis of an article NABA, Accademia di Belle Milano, E, F, G and University, H) using fork() as many times as needed. Synopsis Of An Article NABA, Nuova Milano. Achieve just this configuration no need to Florida, use exec() etc. This is one of the more complex assignments we have to help with, since it involves multiple processes and communications with pipes and only runs under Linux (Windows does not support fork, which is used in this).

If you need a solution for your C programming project, then we can provide what you need. See the following example C programming assignment help. Your task is to business school articles Brandenburg, implement a basic shell that allows the execution of command line tools and programs. Since you have learnt about shell programming, and essay University of Central, how to work with processes and pipes, it is time to put all of this together and write your own mini?shell that can #8220;almost#8221; give bash a run for its money. The shell should allow running command line tools that have zero, one or multiple arguments. As we#8217;ve seen in the lectures, commands can be non?builtin (a process is spawned to synopsis of an NABA, Milano, execute them), and built?in (no process is essay Florida spawned).

Your shell should allow for both types of critical reviews Roedean, commands. To simplify your task, from the built?in commands, you only have to support #8220;cd#8221; and #8220;exit#8221; . The exit command will exit the current shell session, and the cd command will be used to change the current working directory. Essay Essays Of Central Florida. The cd command takes both relative and absolute (relative to root) paths. For example: You do NOT have to support anything involving expanding environment variables, or special symbols, e.g., A shell generally supports a set of special operators, for various purposes like background execution or chaining commands: The #8216;#8217; operator sends a process to the background, as we#8217;ve seen in lectures.

However, it can be used to topic Gordon (NAVITAS), run 2 commands in parallel as well. For example, the following commands will be run in parallel: The #8216;;#8217; operator allows running multiple commands in one run, sequentially, e.g., + The #8216;#8217; operator is a logical AND operator that lets you execute a second command, if the first command runs successfully (the exit status of the first command is zero), e.g., $ mkdir newfolder cp file.txt newfolder/ (If the University of Central Florida mkdir is reviews successful, copy a file into it) The #8216;||#8217; operator is a logical OR operator that lets you execute a second command, if the first command fails (the exit status of the first command is greater than zero), e.g., (If the folder #8220;newfolder#8221; does not exist, create it) The #8216;|#8217; (pipe) operator allows chaining of essay essays of Central, commands, by sending the output of the first command as an input to a second command. You#8217;ve already seen a few examples of this one in the lectures and difficulties Edith, labs. Out of essay essays University Florida, these special operators, for the scope of this assignment, you will only have to implement the synopsis Accademia Arti Milano pipe #8216;|#8217; operator. Your shell should allow both simple commands, which do not contain such operators, AND complex commands that can contain any number of essays University, simple commands, chained using pipe operators. Optionally, you are welcome to try implementing more operators, although there are certain tricky aspects you will have to be careful about, in order to correctly implement their semantics, as well as their priority order (from most to least priority: #8216;|#8217;, #8216;#8217; and #8216;||#8217;, #8216;#8217;, #8216;;#8217; ). Your shell should also support the following redirection operators: Redirection of standard input from a file: #8216;#8216; Redirection of standard output to intellectual thinking Institut auf dem, a file: #8216;#8217; Redirection of standard error to a file: #8216;2#8217; Redirection of both output and error: #8216;#8217; You do NOT have to support redirection in essays University Florida append?mode (#8216;#8217; and #8216;2#8217;), but you are welcome to extend your shell with these options as well if you wish.

Your shell does NOT have to support the difficulties in writing essay University following things (although you are welcome to extend your shell to make it more awesome, if you wish): Expanding environment variables (preceded by $), such as in paths to commands or files. Defining new environment variables for the current shell session. Wildcard substitution, e.g., ls *.txt Double quotes, single quotes, and back quotes Starter code. The starter code provided will guide you step by step in solving this assignment. Essays University. The parser.c and parser.h files deal with parsing commands and of an Arti, storing them in data structures (see below) that allow you to handle them easier. Essays University Of Central Florida. The shell.c and shell.h files contain functions that process commands and execute them accordingly. You should read the in writing Cowan code and essay University of Central Florida, understand it, then proceed to fill in all the #8220;TODO#8221; spots left for you to synopsis Accademia, implement.

Simple commands are stored in the following structure: This is used for essays, simple commands, involving a single program and thinking auf dem, no pipe chaining (or other special operators). A simple command can use redirection – in, out and err are strings containing the names of the files where the corresponding redirection should occur (stdin should be redirected to the file whose name is stored in #8220;in#8221;, stdout redirected to the file whose name is stored in #8220;out#8221;, etc.). The builtin flag indicates whether the Florida command is builtin or non?builtin. Essay Cowan. The values for the #8220;builtin#8221; flag are: 0 (non?builtin), 1 for #8220;cd#8221;, and essays University Florida, 2 for intellectual thinking Institut, #8220;exit#8221;. You should use the predefined macros BUILTIN_CD and BUILTIN_EXIT instead of the values 1 and 2. This way your code can benefit from more clarity. The #8220;tokens#8221; are basically the words in the command, followed by a NULL token. Essay Essays University. For example, #8220;ls ?l#8221; will be split into 2 tokens #8220;ls#8221; and essay Rossall, #8220;?l#8221;, followed by essay University of Central Florida, a NULL pointer. The command #8220;ls –l | wc ?l#8221; will contain 5 tokens (parsing out all whitespaces, like blankspace and tab), followed by of an Nuova Arti Milano, a NULL token.

Hint: the NULL token simplifies your task when using execlp and execvp calls). Complex commands are defined in the following structure #8220;command#8221;: This is essay essays University a general form of a complex command. A complex command can be simple (no special operators), in which case scmd is non?NULL, or it can be complex in which case scmd will be NULL. If it is harvard school articles Brandenburg a complex command, cmd1 and cmd2 are the two chained commands. In turn, cmd1 and cmd2 can be complex commands themselves. In the starter code, you are given a hint on how to deal with them by essays University Florida, using recursion. The #8220;oper#8221; string is synopsis article Arti Milano dedicated for storing the special operator chaining cmd1 and essay essays University of Central Florida, cmd2. Try to first go through the code, and to understand the provided starter code.

Next, try to write University, follow the detailed instructions in the code, and essay essays Florida, fill in the code in the spots we left for you to complete, indicated by #8220; TODO #8221; comments. In this assignment, you are NOT allowed to intellectual thinking Institut auf dem Rosenberg, use the #8220;popen#8221; or #8220;system#8221; functions. For file I/O, redirection and processes, you are working at a low level using file descriptors. Consequently, you should only use POSIX functions, like open and essay essays Florida, close . Functions such as fopen or fclose are not to international essay Rossall School, be used in this assignment. Appendix. Sample shell commands you should try (just a few examples) Also, make sure to run several commands involving #8216;cd#8217;, as shown in the handout (only the ones you should implement). Once you are done testing these and more, one cool thing you could try is to essay essays of Central Florida, run your shell program within your own shell. Intellectual Auf Dem Rosenberg. This way you can create a new shell session as a child process of essay University, your own shell. After the second #8220;exit#8221;, you exit the parent shell as well, so you are back to your regular terminal prompt.

We are taking care of those aspects and are constantly providing assistance for C programming assignment help. You can also seek our Expert Programming Tutors help in case of complex problems. Synopsis Of An Article Nuova Di Belle Milano. Our experts also provide help with C programming assignment even after the programming project is delivered. All the work done by us and we provide help with C programming assignment and the content is guaranteed to Florida, be plagiarism free, don#8217;t copy your friend#8217;s solution, use our C programming project help.

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nsf cover letter NSF 16-1 January 25, 2016. Chapter II - Proposal Preparation Instructions. Each proposing organization that is essays, new to NSF or has not had an active NSF assistance award within the previous five years should be prepared to submit basic organization and write topic Gordon University (NAVITAS), management information and certifications, when requested, to the applicable award-making division within the essay essays of Central, Office of thinking Institut auf dem Budget, Finance Award Management (BFA). The requisite information is described in the NSF Prospective New Awardee Guide.

The information contained in this Guide will assist the organization in essay University Florida, preparing documents which NSF requires to conduct administrative and of an article Nuova Arti Milano, financial reviews of the organization. Of Central? This Guide also serves as a means of highlighting the accountability requirements associated with Federal awards. To facilitate proposal preparation, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding proposal preparation and submission are available on the NSF website. 8. Proposers should also be aware of core strategies that are essential to the fulfillment of NSF’s mission, as articulated in Investing in Science, Engineering, and intellectual thinking, Education for the Nation’s Future: NSF Strategic Plan, 2014-2018 . These strategies are integrated in the program planning and implementation process, of which proposal review is one part. NSF’s mission is particularly well-implemented through the integration of research and essays University of Central Florida, education and broadening participation in NSF programs, projects, and activities. One of the strategic objectives in support of NSF’s mission is to foster integration of research and synopsis of an NABA,, education through the essay essays of Central Florida, programs, projects, and activities it supports at NSF awardee organizations. Writing Competition? These organizations recruit, train, and prepare a diverse science, technology, engineering, and essay essays University of Central Florida, mathematics (STEM) workforce to advance the frontiers of science and participate in the US technology-based economy. NSF’s contribution to the national innovation ecosystem is to provide cutting-edge research under the guidance of the Nation’s most creative scientists and engineers. NSF also supports development of a strong STEM workforce by investing in building the knowledge that informs improvements in thinking Institut auf dem, STEM teaching and learning. NSF’s mission calls for the broadening of opportunities and expanding participation of groups, organizations, and geographic regions that are underrepresented in STEM disciplines, which is essential to the health and vitality of science and engineering.

NSF is committed to this principle of diversity and essay essays of Central, deems it central to the programs, projects, and activities it considers and supports. A. Conformance with Instructions for Proposal Preparation. It is important that all proposals conform to the instructions provided in the GPG or NSF Grants.gov Application Guide. Business School Articles Berlin Brandenburg? Conformance is required and will be strictly enforced unless an essay Florida, authorization to deviate from standard proposal preparation requirements has been approved. NSF will not accept or will return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions. See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information. NSF authorization to deviate from harvard Berlin Brandenburg these instructions must be received prior to proposal submission. Deviations may be authorized in one of two ways: 1. through specification of different requirements in essay University of Central, an NSF program solicitation; or. 2. by the written approval of the cognizant NSF Assistant Director/Office Head or designee.

These approvals to deviate from NSF proposal preparation instructions may cover a particular program or programs or, in rare instances, an individual deviation for a particular proposal. Proposers may deviate from article Accademia di Belle these instructions only to the extent authorized. Essay Essays? Proposals must include an authorization to deviate from standard NSF proposal preparation instructions in one of the difficulties in writing, following ways, as appropriate: (a) by identifying the solicitation number that authorized the deviation in the appropriate block on essay the Cover Sheet; or (b) for individual deviations, by identifying the name, date and title of the NSF official authorizing the deviation. B. Format of the Proposal. Prior to submission, it is strongly recommended that proposers conduct an administrative review to ensure that proposals comply with the of an Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti Milano, proposal preparation guidelines established in the GPG or the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide. Essay Florida? The Proposal Preparation Checklist (GPG Exhibit II-1) may be used to assist in essay Edith Cowan University, this review. The checklist is not intended to be an all-inclusive repetition of the required proposal contents and associated proposal preparation guidelines.

It is, however, meant to highlight certain critical items so they will not be overlooked when the essay essays of Central, proposal is intellectual Rosenberg, prepared. Upon entering the proposal preparation module, the PI will be prompted to select information describing the nature and type of essays University Florida proposal being developed. A collaborative proposal from one organization (see GPG Chapter II.D.5.a); A collaborative proposal from multiple organizations (see GPG Chapter II.D.5.b); or. The type of proposal being developed: Facility/Center (see relevant funding opportunity); or. The requested proposal information noted above will be used to determine the applicable proposal preparation business rules that must be followed. Proposers are strongly advised to review the applicable sections of the in writing Cowan, GPG pertinent to the type of essay Florida proposal being developed PRIOR to submission.

1. Proposal Pagination Instructions. Proposers are advised that FastLane does not automatically paginate a proposal. Each section of the proposal that is uploaded as a file should be individually paginated prior to being uploaded to the electronic system. 2. Proposal Margin and Spacing Requirements. The proposal must conform to the following requirements: a. Of An Article NABA, Nuova Accademia Di Belle Milano? Use one of the following typefaces identified below: Arial 9 , Courier New, or Palatino Linotype at a font size of 10 points or larger; Times New Roman at essay essays University a font size of 11 points or larger; or Computer Modern family of fonts at a font size of 11 points or larger.

A font size of less than 10 points may be used for mathematical formulas or equations, figures, table or diagram captions and when using a Symbol font to insert Greek letters or special characters. PIs are cautioned, however, that the text must still be readable. b. Essay Competition School? No more than six lines of essays text within a vertical space of one inch. c. Margins, in all directions, must be at least an inch. These requirements apply to intellectual Institut auf dem Rosenberg all uploaded sections of a proposal, including supplementary documentation. 3. Essay? Page Formatting. Proposers are strongly encouraged to use only a standard, single-column format for the text. The guidelines specified above establish the minimum type size requirements; however, PIs are advised that readability is of paramount importance and should take precedence in selection of an appropriate font for use in the proposal. Critical? Small type size makes it difficult for reviewers to read the proposal; consequently, the use of small type not in compliance with the above guidelines may be grounds for NSF to return the proposal without review. Adherence to type size and line spacing requirements also is necessary to ensure that no proposer will have an unfair advantage, by using smaller type or line spacing to provide more text in the proposal.

C. Proposal Contents. 1. Single-Copy Documents. Certain categories of Florida information that are submitted in topic Gordon University, conjunction with a proposal are for NSF Use Only. As such, the information is not provided to essay essays reviewers for use in the review of the proposal. School Berlin School? With the exception of proposal certifications (which are submitted via the Authorized Organizational Representative function 10 ), these documents should be submitted via the Proposal Preparation Module.

A summary of each of these categories follows: a. Authorization to Deviate from NSF Proposal Preparation Requirements (if applicable) Instructions for obtaining authorization to deviate from essay University of Central NSF proposal preparation instructions are provided in GPG Chapter II.A. b. List of Suggested Reviewers or Reviewers Not to Include (optional) Proposers may include a list of suggested reviewers (including email address and institutional affiliation) who they believe are especially well qualified to review the proposal. Proposers also may designate persons they would prefer not review the proposal, indicating why.

These suggestions are optional. GPG Exhibit II-2 contains information on conflicts of write topic Robert interest that may be useful in preparation of University Florida this list. The cognizant Program Officer handling the proposal considers the suggestions and may contact the proposer for further information. The decision whether or not to use the article NABA, Accademia di Belle Arti Milano, suggestions, however, remains with the essays Florida, Program Officer. c. Proprietary or Privileged Information (if applicable) Instructions for submission of harvard school proprietary or privileged information are provided in GPG Chapter I.D.3. d. Essay Essays University Of Central? Proposal Certifications. With the exception of the Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (SF LLL) identified below, the procedures for submission of the international essay, proposal certifications differ from those used with other single-copy documents. Essay Essays University Florida? The AOR must use the international essay writing competition Rossall School, Authorized Organizational Representative function in FastLane to sign and submit the University of Central, proposal, including the Edith Cowan University, proposal certifications.

It is the essay University of Central, proposing organization's responsibility to of an NABA, Arti assure that only University of Central properly authorized individuals perform this function. 11. The required proposal certifications are as follows: Certification for topic Gordon University, Authorized Organizational Representative (AOR) or Individual Proposer: The AOR is required to essay University Florida complete certifications regarding the synopsis NABA, Accademia di Belle, accuracy and completeness of statements contained in the proposal, as well as to certify that the organization (or individual) agrees to accept the of Central Florida, obligation to comply with award terms and conditions. Certification Regarding Conflict of Interest: The AOR is Institut Rosenberg, required to complete certifications stating that the essay essays University of Central Florida, organization has implemented and is enforcing a written policy on conflicts of interest (COI), consistent with the provisions of AAG Chapter IV.A: that, to international essay writing the best of his/her knowledge, all financial disclosures required by the conflict of interest policy were made; and that conflicts of interest, if any, were, or prior to the organization’s expenditure of any funds under the award, will be, satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated in accordance with the organization’s conflict of interest policy. Conflicts that cannot be satisfactorily managed, reduced or eliminated, and research that proceeds without the imposition of conditions or restrictions when a conflict of interest exists, must be disclosed to NSF via use of NSF’s electronic systems.

Drug-Free Workplace: The AOR is required to complete a certification regarding the Drug-Free Workplace Act. See GPG Exhibit II-2 for the full text of the Drug-Free Workplace Certification. Debarment and essay of Central, Suspension: The AOR is required to complete a certification regarding Debarment and Suspension. See GPG Exhibit II-3 for the full text of the Debarment and Suspension Certification. Certification Regarding Lobbying: When the proposal exceeds $100,000, the AOR is required to complete a certification regarding lobbying restrictions. The Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements is included in critical School, full text on the FastLane submission screen as well as in GPG Exhibit II-5. Essay Of Central Florida? The box for Disclosure of Lobbying Activities must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet only if, pursuant to paragraph 2 of the certification, submission of the SF LLL is required.

12. Certification Regarding Nondiscrimination: The AOR is required to complete a certification regarding compliance with NSF nondiscrimination regulations and policies. Edith? See GPG Exhibit II-5 for the full text of the essay essays Florida, Nondiscrimination Certification. This certification sets forth the nondiscrimination obligations with which all grantees must comply. These obligations also apply to difficulties in writing Edith subrecipients or contractors under the essay Florida, award. The proposer, therefore, shall obtain the NSF Nondiscrimination Certification from synopsis of an Accademia di Belle Milano each organization that applies to be, or serves as a subrecipient or contractor under the award (for other than the provision of commercially available supplies, materials, equipment or general support services) prior to entering into the subaward or contract arrangement. Certification Regarding Flood Hazard Insurance: Two sections of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 USC § 4012a and § 4106) bar Federal agencies from giving financial assistance for acquisition or construction purposes in of Central Florida, any area identified by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as having special flood hazards unless the: (1) community in which that area is in writing Cowan, located participates in the national flood insurance program; and. (2) building (and any related equipment) is covered by adequate flood insurance. By signing the proposal certification pages, AORs for prospective grantees located in essay Florida, FEMA-designated special flood hazard areas are certifying that adequate flood insurance has been or will be obtained in the following situations: (1) for NSF grants for intellectual auf dem Rosenberg, the construction of a building or facility, regardless of the dollar amount of the grant; and. (2) for essay University Florida, other NSF grants when more than $25,000 has been budgeted in the proposal for repair, alteration or improvement (construction) of a building or facility. Prospective grantees should contact their local government or a federally-insured financial institution to determine what areas are identified as having special flood hazards and the availability of of an article Nuova di Belle Milano flood insurance in their community.

Certification Regarding Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) 13 : The AOR is required to complete a certification that the institution has a plan to provide appropriate training and University, oversight in business school articles Berlin International School, the responsible and ethical conduct of research to undergraduates, graduate students, and postdoctoral researchers who will be supported by NSF to conduct research. Additional information on NSF’s RCR policy is available in the AAG Chapter IV.B. Essays University Of Central Florida? While training plans are not required to be included in proposals submitted to NSF, institutions are advised that they are subject to review upon request. Certification Regarding Organizational Support : The AOR is required to complete a certification that there is organizational support for the proposal as required by Section 526 of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 . In Writing Edith University? This support extends to the portion of the proposal developed to satisfy the broader impacts review criterion as well as the intellectual merit review criterion, and any additional review criteria specified in the solicitation. University? Organizational support will be made available, as described in the proposal, in articles International, order to address the broader impacts and intellectual merit activities to be undertaken. Certification Regarding Federal Tax Obligations : When the proposal exceeds $5,000,000, the AOR is required to complete a certification regarding Federal tax obligations. By signing the certification pages, the AOR certifies that, to the best of his/her knowledge and belief, the proposing organization: (1) has filed all Federal tax returns required during the three years preceding this certification; (2) has not been convicted of a criminal offense under the Internal Revenue Code of essays University of Central 1986; and. (3) has not, more than 90 days prior to this certification, been notified of any unpaid Federal tax assessment for which the liability remains unsatisfied, unless the assessment is the subject of an installment agreement or offer in essay topic Gordon University, compromise that has been approved by essay essays University of Central, the Internal Revenue Service and write topic Gordon University, is not in default, or the assessment is the subject of essays a non-frivolous administrative or judicial proceeding.

Certification Regarding Unpaid Federal Tax Liability : If the proposer is a corporation, the AOR (or equivalent) is required to complete a certification that the corporation has no unpaid Federal tax liability that has been assessed, for NABA, Nuova di Belle Arti, which all judicial and administrative remedies have been exhausted or lapsed, and that is not being paid in a timely manner pursuant to an agreement with the authority responsible for collecting the University of Central Florida, tax liability. Certification Regarding Criminal Convictions : If the proposer is a corporation, the AOR (or equivalent) is required to complete a certification that the corporation has not been convicted of a felony criminal violation under any Federal law within the 24 months preceding the date on which the critical School, certification is signed. Certification Regarding Dual Use Research of Concern : The AOR is required to complete a certification that the organization will be or is in compliance with all aspects of the United States Government Policy for Institutional Oversight of Life Sciences Dual Use Research of Concern . e. Collaborators Other Affiliations Information. The following information regarding collaborators and other affiliations must be separately provided for each individual identified as senior project personnel: Collaborators and co-Editors. A list of all persons in alphabetical order (including their current organizational affiliations) who are currently, or who have been collaborators or co-authors with the University of Central Florida, individual on Brandenburg School a project, book, article, report, abstract or paper during the 48 months preceding the submission of the proposal. Also include those individuals who are currently or have been co-editors of a journal, compendium, or conference proceedings during the 24 months preceding the submission of the essays of Central Florida, proposal. If there are no collaborators or co-editors to report, this should be so indicated. Graduate Advisors and Postdoctoral Sponsors. A list of the harvard Berlin Brandenburg School, names of the essay essays University of Central, individual’s own graduate advisor(s) and principal postdoctoral sponsor(s), and reviews, their current organizational affiliations, if known. Thesis Advisor and Postgraduate-Scholar Sponsor.

A list of all persons (including their organizational affiliations, if known), with whom the individual has had an essays of Central Florida, association as thesis advisor. In addition, a list of all persons with whom the individual has had an international essay writing competition Rossall, association within the last five years as a postgraduate-scholar sponsor. The information is used to help identify potential conflicts or bias in the selection of reviewers. See GPG Exhibit II-2 for additional information on potential reviewer conflicts. 2. Sections of the Proposal. The sections described below represent the essay University of Central, body of a research proposal submitted to NSF. Failure to submit the critical reviews Roedean School, required sections will result in the proposal not being accepted 14 , or being returned without review. See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information.

A full research proposal submitted must contain the following sections. Note that the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide may use different naming conventions, and sections may appear in a different order than in FastLane, however, the content is the same: b. Project Summary. c. Table of Contents. d. Project Description. e. References Cited. f. Biographical Sketch(es) g. Budget and Budget Justification. h. Current and University of Central, Pending Support. i. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. j. Special Information and Supplementary Documentation. Data Management Plan Postdoctoral Mentoring Plan (if applicable)

Proposal preparation instructions for critical reviews, RAPID, EAGER, Ideas Lab, collaborative, equipment, conference, international travel, center, and major research equipment and facility projects may deviate from the essay essays of Central, above content requirements. Critical Reviews School? Program solicitations also may deviate from the above content requirements. All proposals to NSF will be reviewed using the two NSB-approved merit review criteria described in greater length in GPG Chapter III. There are four major components of the Cover Sheet. A number of the boxes contained on the Cover Sheet are pre-filled as part of the FastLane login process. University? The information requested on the Cover Sheet is of an NABA, Nuova Accademia Milano, as follows: (1) Awardee Project/Performance Site Primary Location. The information on the Awardee Organization is pre-filled on the Cover Sheet based on the login information entered. (2) Program Description/Announcement/Solicitation Number. Proposers are required to University of Central select the applicable program description, announcement, or solicitation. If the proposal is not submitted in response to school Berlin Brandenburg School a specific program description, announcement, or solicitation, proposers should select Grant Proposal Guide.

Proposers are advised to select No Closing Date when the proposal is not submitted in response to any relevant NSF funding opportunity (which includes program descriptions, announcements, or solicitations). (3) NSF Unit of Consideration. Proposers must follow instructions for selection of an applicable NSF Division/Office and of Central Florida, Program(s) to thinking Rosenberg which the proposal should be directed. (4) Remainder of the Cover Sheet. (a) Title of Proposed Project. The title of the essay of Central Florida, project must be brief, scientifically or technically valid, and suitable for use in the public press. NSF may edit the title of critical reviews a project prior to making an award. (b) Budget and Duration Information. The proposed duration for which support is requested should be consistent with the nature and complexity of the proposed activity. The Foundation encourages proposers to request funding for durations of essay of Central Florida three to five years when such durations are necessary for completion of the proposed work and are technically and managerially advantageous.

The requested start date should allow at least six months for difficulties Cowan, NSF review, processing and decision. The PI should consult his/her organization’s Sponsored Projects Office for essay University, unusual situations (e.g., a long lead time for procurement) that create problems regarding the proposed start date. Specification of a desired start date for of an NABA, Arti, the project is important and helpful to NSF staff; however, requests for specific start dates may not be met. (c) PI Information and co-PI Information. Information (including address information) regarding the PI is derived from login information and is not entered when preparing the Cover Sheet. The proposal also may identify up to four additional co-PIs. Each individual's name and either NSF ID or primary registered e-mail address, must be entered in the boxes provided. (d) Previous NSF Award. If the University of Central Florida, proposal is a renewal proposal, or an critical Roedean School, accomplishment-based renewal proposal, the applicable box must be checked.

If yes, the proposer will be requested to select the applicable previous award number. Some NSF program solicitations require submission of both a preliminary and full proposal as part of the essay University, proposal process. Synopsis Article NABA, Nuova Accademia Arti? In such cases, the following instructions apply: (i) During the preliminary proposal stage, the proposing organization should identify the essays, submission as a preliminary proposal by checking the block entitled, Preliminary Proposal on synopsis NABA, Accademia di Belle the proposal Cover Sheet; (ii) During the full proposal submission stage, the proposing organization should identify in the block entitled, Show Related Preliminary Proposal Number, the University, related preliminary proposal number assigned by NSF. (e) Other Federal Agencies. If the synopsis Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti, proposal is being submitted for University Florida, consideration by another Federal agency, the abbreviated name(s) of the Federal agency(ies) must be identified in the spaces provided. (f) Awardee Organization Information.

The awardee organization name, address, DUNS number and Employer Identification Number/Taxpayer Identification Number are derived from the profile information provided by the organization or pulled by NSF from the SAM database and are not entered when preparing the Cover Sheet. Profit-making organizations must identify their status by checking the appropriate boxes on the Cover Sheet, using the following guidelines: A small business must be organized for profit, independently owned and operated (not a subsidiary of or controlled by synopsis article NABA, Nuova Milano, another firm), have no more than 500 employees, and not be dominant in its field. A minority business must be: (i) at least 51 percent owned by one or more minority or disadvantaged individuals or, in essay Florida, the case of a publicly owned business, have at least 51 percent of the voting stock owned by difficulties Edith Cowan, one or more minority or disadvantaged individuals; and essay of Central, (ii) one whose management and daily business operations are controlled by one or more such individuals. A woman-owned business must be at least 51 percent owned by a woman or women, who also control and operate it. Control in this context means exercising the power to make policy decisions. Of An Di Belle Arti Milano? Operate in this context means being actively involved in essays University Florida, the day-to-day management. (g) Project/Performance Site Primary Location. If the project will be performed at synopsis of an NABA, Nuova di Belle Arti the awardee organization, check the designated box.

If the essay University of Central, project, however, will be performed at a location other than the awardee, provide the following information (where applicable): Organization Name (identify the organization name of the Rosenberg, primary site where the work will be performed, if different than the awardee); Street; City; State; Country; and 9-digit Zip Code. For projects that support research infrastructure and tools, such as vessels, facilities, and University of Central, telescopes, the difficulties in writing Edith, project/performance site should correspond to the physical location of the research asset. Essay Essays University Florida? For research assets or projects that are geographically distributed, the proposer should report information for difficulties Cowan University, the primary site, as defined by the proposer. For example, proposals for the operations and maintenance of research vessels may list the project/performance site as the University of Central Florida, vessel’s home port. (h) Other Information. Should any of the following items on the proposal Cover Sheet apply to a proposal, the applicable box(es) must be checked. Beginning Investigator (See GPG I.G.2) (Note: this box is Rossall, applicable only to proposals submitted to essay essays of Central the Biological Sciences Directorate.) Disclosure of Lobbying Activities (See GPG II.C.1.e) Proprietary or Privileged Information (See GPG I.D.3 II.C.1.d) Historic Places (See GPG II.C.2.j) Vertebrate Animals 15 (See GPG II.D.7) Human Subjects 16 (See GPG II.D.8) International Activities Country Name(s) (See GPG II.C.2.j) - For each proposal that describes an auf dem Rosenberg, international activity, proposers should list the primary countries involved. A maximum of five countries may be listed. An international activity is defined as research, training, and/or education carried out in cooperation with foreign counterparts either overseas or in essay essays University of Central, the US using virtual technologies.

Proposers also should enter the synopsis of an Nuova di Belle Arti, country/countries with which project participants will engage and/or travel to essay essays Florida attend international conferences. If the specific location of the international conference is write topic Robert Gordon University, not known at essays University of Central Florida the time of the proposal submission, proposers should enter Worldwide. (See GPG II.C.2.j). b. Essay Topic? Project Summary. Each proposal must contain a summary of the proposed project not more than one page in length. Essays Florida? The Project Summary consists of an overview, a statement on the intellectual merit of the proposed activity, and a statement on the broader impacts of the proposed activity. The overview includes a description of the activity that would result if the proposal were funded and a statement of objectives and methods to be employed.

The statement on intellectual merit should describe the potential of the proposed activity to advance knowledge. The statement on broader impacts should describe the potential of the proposed activity to benefit society and contribute to the achievement of international writing specific, desired societal outcomes. The Project Summary should be written in the third person, informative to other persons working in essays Florida, the same or related fields, and, insofar as possible, understandable to a scientifically or technically literate lay reader. It should not be an abstract of the proposal. The Project Summary may ONLY be uploaded as a Supplementary Document if use of special characters is necessary. Such Project Summaries must be formatted with separate headings for Overview, Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts. Failure to include these headings will result in the proposal being returned without review. c. Essay? Table of Contents.

A Table of Contents is automatically generated for the proposal. Essay Essays Of Central? The proposer cannot edit this form. d. Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support) The Project Description should provide a clear statement of the of an article NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti Milano, work to be undertaken and must include the objectives for the period of the proposed work and expected significance; the relationship of essay Florida this work to NABA, Nuova Milano the present state of knowledge in the field, as well as to work in progress by essay essays University, the PI under other support. The Project Description should outline the general plan of work, including the broad design of activities to be undertaken, and, where appropriate, provide a clear description of experimental methods and procedures.

Proposers should address what they want to do, why they want to do it, how they plan to do it, how they will know if they succeed, and what benefits could accrue if the project is successful. The project activities may be based on previously established and/or innovative methods and approaches, but in either case must be well justified. These issues apply to synopsis article NABA, di Belle both the technical aspects of the proposal and the way in which the essays University, project may make broader contributions. The Project Description must contain, as a separate section within the narrative, a section labeled Broader Impacts . This section should provide a discussion of the in writing University, broader impacts of the proposed activities. Broader impacts may be accomplished through the research itself, through the essay essays of Central, activities that are directly related to specific research projects, or through activities that are supported by, but are complementary to the project. NSF values the advancement of scientific knowledge and activities that contribute to the achievement of societally relevant outcomes. Such outcomes include, but are not limited to: full participation of write essay Robert Gordon women, persons with disabilities, and essay Florida, underrepresented minorities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM); improved STEM education and reviews Roedean School, educator development at any level; increased public scientific literacy and public engagement with science and technology; improved well-being of individuals in society; development of a diverse, globally competitive STEM workforce; increased partnerships between academia, industry, and others; improved national security; increased economic competitiveness of the US; and enhanced infrastructure for research and Florida, education. Plans for data management and sharing of the products of research, including preservation, documentation, and sharing of data, samples, physical collections, curriculum materials and other related research and education products should be described in the Special Information and Supplementary Documentation section of the proposal (see GPG Chapter II.C.2.j for additional instructions for preparation of this section). (ii) Page Limitations and Inclusion of harvard business School Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) within the Project Description.

Brevity will assist reviewers and Foundation staff in essay essays University of Central, dealing effectively with proposals. Therefore, the reviews Roedean, Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support, which is limited to University Florida five pages) may not exceed 15 pages . Visual materials, including charts, graphs, maps, photographs and competition Rossall, other pictorial presentations are included in the 15-page limitation. Essay? PIs are cautioned that the intellectual thinking Institut, Project Description must be self-contained and that URLs must not be used because: 1) the information could circumvent page limitations; 2) the reviewers are under no obligation to essays University of Central Florida view the sites; and 3) the write essay topic University, sites could be altered or deleted between the essay of Central, time of submission and the time of review. Conformance to the 15-page limit will be strictly enforced and may not be exceeded unless a deviation has been specifically authorized. (GPG Chapter II.A contains information on deviations.) (iii) Results from Prior NSF Support. If any PI or co-PI identified on the proposal has received NSF funding with a start date 17 in essay Gordon, the past five years (including any current funding and no cost extensions), information on the award is essay essays, required for each PI and international essay writing Rossall School, co-PI, regardless of essay essays Florida whether the support was directly related to the proposal or not. In cases where the PI or co-PI has received more than one award (excluding amendments to existing awards), they need only thinking Institut auf dem Rosenberg report on the one award most closely related to the proposal. Essays Of Central? Funding includes not just salary support, but any funding awarded by NSF. NSF awards such as standard or continuing grants, Graduate Research Fellowship, Major Research Instrumentation, travel, conference, and center awards, etc., are subject to this requirement. The following information must be provided: (a) the NSF award number, amount and period of support; (b) the title of the project; (c) a summary of the results of the completed work, including accomplishments, supported by the award.

The results must be separately described under two distinct headings, Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts; (d) a listing of the publications resulting from the NSF award (a complete bibliographic citation for each publication must be provided either in this section or in the References Cited section of the proposal); if none, state No publications were produced under this award. (e) evidence of research products and their availability, including, but not limited to: data, publications, samples, physical collections, software, and models, as described in any Data Management Plan; and. (f) if the proposal is for renewed support, a description of the relation of the completed work to the proposed work. Reviewers will be asked to comment on the quality of the prior work described in this section of the proposal. Intellectual Institut? Note that the proposal may contain up to five pages to describe the results.

Results may be summarized in fewer than five pages, which would give the balance of the 15 pages for the Project Description. (iv) Unfunded Collaborations. Any substantial collaboration with individuals not included in the budget should be described in the Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources section of the essays, proposal (see GPG Chapter II.C.2.i) and documented in in writing Edith Cowan, a letter of essays University collaboration from each collaborator. Such letters should be provided in the supplementary documentation section of the FastLane Proposal Preparation Module and critical Roedean School, follow the format instructions specified in GPG Chapter II.C.2.j. Collaborative activities that are identified in the budget should follow the instructions in essay essays University of Central Florida, GPG Chapter II.D. NSF encourages submission of proposals by groups of investigators; often these are submitted to carry out interdisciplinary projects. Unless stipulated in a specific program solicitation, however, such proposals will be subject to the 15-page Project Description limitation established in international essay competition Rossall, Section (ii) above. PIs who wish to exceed the established page limitations for essays University of Central, the Project Description must request and receive a deviation in advance of proposal submission. (GPG Chapter II.A contains information on deviations.) (vi) Proposals for Renewed Support. See GPG Chapter V for guidance on preparation of renewal proposals. e. References Cited.

Reference information is required. Each reference must include the names of all authors (in the intellectual thinking, same sequence in which they appear in essay essays of Central Florida, the publication), the essay Robert University, article and journal title, book title, volume number, page numbers, and year of publication. (See also GPG Chapter II.C.2.d.(iii)(d)) If the proposer has a website address readily available, that information should be included in the citation. It is not NSF's intent, however, to place an undue burden on proposers to essay University Florida search for the URL of in writing essay Edith Cowan every referenced publication. University? Therefore, inclusion of intellectual auf dem a website address is optional. A proposal that includes reference citation(s) that do not specify a URL is not considered to be in violation of essay Florida NSF proposal preparation guidelines and the proposal will still be reviewed. Proposers must be especially careful to follow accepted scholarly practices in providing citations for in writing University, source materials relied upon when preparing any section of the proposal. University? While there is no established page limitation for auf dem Rosenberg, the references, this section must include bibliographic citations only and must not be used to provide parenthetical information outside of the 15-page Project Description. f. Biographical Sketch(es) (i) Senior Personnel. A biographical sketch (limited to essays two pages) is required for each individual identified as senior personnel. (See GPG Exhibit II-7 for the definitions of Senior Personnel.) Proposers may elect to use third-party solutions, such as NIH’s SciENcv to develop and maintain their biographical sketch. However, proposers are advised that they are still responsible for ensuring that biographical sketches created using third-party solutions are compliant with NSF proposal preparation requirements. Do not submit any personal information in the biographical sketch.

This includes items such as: home address; home telephone, fax, or cell phone numbers; home e-mail address; drivers’ license numbers; marital status; personal hobbies; and the like. Such personal information is not appropriate for the biographical sketch and is not relevant to essay topic Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) the merits of the proposal. NSF is not responsible or in essays University of Central, any way liable for the release of synopsis NABA, Nuova Accademia Milano such material. (See also GPG Chapter III.H). (a) Professional Preparation. A list of the individual’s undergraduate and graduate education and essay, postdoctoral training (including location) as indicated below: Inclusive Dates (years) A list, in reverse chronological order, of all the individual's academic/professional appointments beginning with the current appointment. A list of: (i) up to five products most closely related to the proposed project; and Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), (ii) up to five other significant products, whether or not related to essay Florida the proposed project. Acceptable products must be citable and accessible including but not limited to publications, data sets, software, patents, and copyrights. Unacceptable products are unpublished documents not yet submitted for publication, invited lectures, and additional lists of essay Robert University (NAVITAS) products.

Only the list of ten will be used in essay essays of Central, the review of the proposal. Each product must include full citation information including (where applicable and practicable) names of all authors, date of publication or release, title, title of enclosing work such as journal or book, volume, issue, pages, website and URL or other Persistent Identifier. If only synopsis of an Nuova di Belle publications are included, the heading Publications may be used for this section of the Biographical Sketch. (d) Synergistic Activities. A list of up to five examples that demonstrate the broader impact of the individual’s professional and scholarly activities that focuses on the integration and transfer of knowledge as well as its creation. Examples could include, among others: innovations in teaching and training (e.g., development of curricular materials and pedagogical methods); contributions to the science of learning; development and/or refinement of University of Central Florida research tools; computation methodologies, and algorithms for problem-solving; development of databases to support research and NABA, Milano, education; broadening the participation of groups underrepresented in STEM; and service to the scientific and essays of Central, engineering community outside of the individual’s immediate organization. In FastLane, biographical sketches for senior personnel may no longer be grouped together and harvard articles Berlin School, uploaded in a single PDF file associated with the PI. Each individual’s biographical sketch must be uploaded as a single PDF file or inserted as text associated with that individual. (ii) Other Personnel. For the essay, personnel categories listed below, the critical reviews, proposal also may include information on exceptional qualifications that merit consideration in essay essays of Central, the evaluation of the proposal.

Such information should be clearly identified as Other Personnel biographical information and uploaded as a single PDF file in the Other Supplementary Documents section of the proposal. (a) Postdoctoral associates. (b) Other professionals. (c) Students (research assistants) (iii) Equipment Proposals. For equipment proposals, the following must be provided for critical reviews Roedean School, each auxiliary user: (a) Short biographical sketch; and.

(b) List of up to essay of Central five publications most closely related to the proposed acquisition. Such information should be clearly identified as Equipment Proposal biographical information and uploaded as a single PDF file in the Other Supplementary Documents section of the international Rossall School, proposal. g. Budget and Budget Justification. Each proposal must contain a budget for each year of support requested. The budget justification must be no more than three pages per essay University of Central, proposal. The amounts for each budget line item requested must be documented and justified in the budget justification as specified below. For proposals that contain a subaward(s), each subaward must include a separate budget justification of writing competition School no more than three pages. The proposal may request funds under any of the categories listed so long as the item and amount are considered necessary, reasonable, allocable, and allowable under 2 CFR § 200, Subpart E, NSF policy, and/or the program solicitation. For-profit entities are subject to the cost principles contained in the Federal Acquisition Regulation, Part 31.

Amounts and essays University of Central, expenses budgeted also must be consistent with the proposing organization's policies and procedures and cost accounting practices used in accumulating and reporting costs. (i) Salaries and Wages (Lines A and B on the Proposal Budget) (a) Senior Personnel Salaries Wages Policy. NSF regards research as one of the normal functions of harvard business school Berlin faculty members at institutions of higher education. Compensation for University Florida, time normally spent on research within the term of appointment is deemed to be included within the faculty member’s regular organizational salary. As a general policy, NSF limits the salary compensation requested in the proposal budget for senior personnel to no more than two months of their regular salary in International, any one year. This limit includes salary compensation received from all NSF-funded grants.

This effort must be documented in accordance with 2 CFR § 200, Subpart E. If anticipated, any compensation for such personnel in excess of two months must be disclosed in essays University, the proposal budget, justified in the budget justification, and must be specifically approved by NSF in the award notice budget. 18 Under normal rebudgeting authority, as described in AAG Chapters II and synopsis of an article Nuova di Belle, V, an awardee can internally approve an essay essays of Central Florida, increase or decrease in person months devoted to the project after an award is school articles International, made, even if doing so results in salary support for senior personnel exceeding the two month salary policy. Essay Essays University Of Central? No prior approval from NSF is necessary as long as that change would not cause the objectives or scope of the project to change. NSF prior approval is necessary if the objectives or scope of the critical reviews Roedean School, project changes. These same general principles apply to other types of non-academic organizations. (b) Administrative and Florida, Clerical Salaries Wages Policy. In accordance with 2 CFR § 200.413, the salaries of write Robert University (NAVITAS) administrative and clerical staff should normally be treated as indirect (FA) costs. Direct charging of these costs may be appropriate only if all the conditions identified below are met: (i) Administrative or clerical services are integral to a project or activity; (ii) Individuals involved can be specifically identified with the project or activity; (iii) Such costs are explicitly included in the approved budget or have the essay of Central, prior written approval of the cognizant NSF Grants Officer; and. (iv) The costs are not also recovered as indirect costs. Conditions (i) and (iv) above are particularly relevant for consideration at the budget preparation stage. The names of the PI(s), faculty, and other senior personnel and the estimated number of full-time-equivalent person-months for of an article Arti, which NSF funding is requested, and the total amount of salaries requested per year, must be listed.

For consistency with the NSF cost sharing policy, if person months will be requested for senior personnel, a corresponding salary amount must be entered on the budget. If no person months and no salary are being requested for senior personnel, they should be removed from Section A of the essays University Florida, budget. Their name(s) will remain on the Cover Sheet and the individual(s) role on critical reviews Roedean School the project should be described in the Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources section of the proposal. For postdoctoral associates and essay University of Central Florida, other professionals, the total number of persons for each position must be listed, with the number of full-time-equivalent person-months and total amount of International School salaries requested per year. Essay University Of Central Florida? For graduate and undergraduate students, secretarial, clerical, technical, etc., whose time will be charged directly to the project, only the total number of persons and total amount of salaries requested per year in essay, each category is required. Compensation classified as salary payments must be requested in University Florida, the salaries and wages category. Salaries requested must be consistent with the organization’s regular practices. The budget justification should detail the rates of pay by individual for writing competition, senior personnel, postdoctoral associates, and other professionals. (d) Confidential Budgetary Information.

The proposing organization may request that salary data on senior personnel not be released to persons outside the Government during the review process. In such cases, the essay essays University Florida, item for senior personnel salaries in the proposal may appear as a single figure and international competition, the person-months represented by essay essays Florida, that amount omitted. If this option is in writing essay Edith University, exercised, senior personnel salaries and person-months must be itemized in a separate statement, and forwarded to University Florida NSF in international essay writing competition, accordance with the instructions specified in GPG Chapter I.D.3. This statement must include all of the information requested on the proposal budget for of Central Florida, each person involved. NSF will not forward the detailed information to articles Berlin Brandenburg International reviewers and will hold it privileged to the extent permitted by law. The information on senior personnel salaries will be used as the basis for determining the salary amounts shown in the budget. The box for Proprietary or Privileged Information must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet when the proposal contains confidential budgetary information. 19. (ii) Fringe Benefits (Line C on the Proposal Budget) If the proposer’s usual accounting practices provide that its contributions to employee benefits (leave, employee insurance, social security, retirement, other payroll-related taxes, etc.) be treated as direct costs, NSF grant funds may be requested to fund fringe benefits as a direct cost. These are typically determined by application of a calculated fringe benefit rate for a particular class of employee (full time or part-time) applied to the salaries and wages requested.

They also may be paid based on actual costs for individual employees, if that institutional policy has been approved by the cognizant federal agency. See 2 CFR § 200.431 for the definition and allowability of inclusion of fringe benefits on a proposal budget. (iii) Equipment (Line D on the Proposal Budget) Equipment is defined as tangible personal property (including information technology systems) having a useful life of more than one year and a per-unit acquisition cost which equals or exceeds the lesser of the capitalization level established by the proposer for financial statement purposes, or $5,000. It is important to note that the acquisition cost of equipment includes modifications, attachments, and accessories necessary to make the essay essays of Central Florida, property usable for the purpose for which it will be purchased. Critical Roedean School? Items of needed equipment must be adequately justified, listed individually by description and estimated cost. Allowable items ordinarily will be limited to research equipment and apparatus not already available for the conduct of the essay essays University of Central, work. General purpose equipment such as office equipment and in writing Edith University, furnishings, and information technology equipment and systems are typically not eligible for direct cost support. Special purpose or scientific use computers or associated hardware and software, however, may be requested as items of equipment when necessary to accomplish the project objectives and not otherwise reasonably available. Any request to support such items must be clearly disclosed in the proposal budget, justified in University of Central, the budget justification, and be included in international writing Rossall, the NSF award budget.

(iv) Travel (Line E on the Proposal Budget) Travel and University Florida, its relation to Gordon the proposed activities must be specified, itemized and justified by destination and essay University of Central, cost. Funds may be requested for essay writing competition School, field work, attendance at meetings and conferences, and other travel associated with the proposed work, including subsistence. In order to qualify for essay essays of Central Florida, support, however, attendance at meetings or conferences must be necessary to accomplish proposal objectives, or disseminate its results. Travel support for dependents of key project personnel may be requested only writing Rossall School when the travel is for a duration of six months or more either by inclusion in the approved budget or with the prior written approval of the essay essays University of Central, cognizant NSF Grants and Agreements Officer. Temporary dependent care costs above and beyond regular dependent care that directly result from travel to conferences are allowable costs provided that the conditions established in 2 CFR § 200.474 are met. Allowance for air travel normally will not exceed the cost of round-trip, economy airfares. Persons traveling under NSF grants must travel by US-Flag Air carriers, if available. (b) Domestic Travel. Domestic travel includes travel within and between the US, its territories and essay Cowan, possessions. Essays Florida? 20.

(c) Foreign Travel. Travel outside the areas specified above is topic Gordon University, considered foreign travel. Essay Essays Of Central Florida? The proposal must include relevant information, including countries to be visited (also enter names of countries on synopsis of an Accademia Milano the proposal budget), dates of visit, if known. (v) Participant Support (Line F on essay Florida the Proposal Budget) This budget category refers to direct costs for items such as stipends or subsistence allowances, travel allowances, and intellectual auf dem, registration fees paid to or on behalf of participants or trainees (but not employees) in connection with NSF-sponsored conferences or training projects. Any additional categories of participant support costs other than those described in 2 CFR § 200.75 (such as incentives, gifts, souvenirs, t-shirts and memorabilia), must be justified in the budget justification, and such costs will be closely scrutinized by NSF. (See GPG Chapter II.D.9). For some educational projects conducted at local school districts, however, the participants being trained are employees. In such cases, the costs must be classified as participant support if payment is made through a stipend or training allowance method. The school district must have an accounting mechanism in place (i.e., sub-account code) to differentiate between regular salary and essay of Central, stipend payments. To help defray the business school Berlin Brandenburg School, costs of participating in a conference or training activity, funds may be proposed for payment of essay University stipends, per diem or subsistence allowances, based on the type and harvard school articles Brandenburg School, duration of the activity. Such allowances must be reasonable, in conformance with the policy of the proposing organization and limited to essay essays the days of attendance at the conference plus the school articles Berlin Brandenburg School, actual travel time required to reach the essays Florida, conference location.

Where meals or lodgings are furnished without charge or at a nominal cost (e.g., as part of the registration fee), the per diem or subsistence allowance should be correspondingly reduced. Although local participants may participate in conference meals and School, coffee breaks, funds may not be proposed to pay per diem or similar expenses for local participants in the conference. Funds may be requested for the travel costs of participants. If so, the restrictions regarding class of essays University of Central accommodations and of an NABA, Arti Milano, use of US-Flag air carriers are applicable. 21 In training activities that involve field trips, costs of essay essays transportation of participants are allowable.

The number of participants to write topic Robert be supported must be entered in the parentheses on the proposal budget. Participant support costs must be specified, itemized and justified in the budget justification section of the proposal. Indirect costs (FA) are not allowed on University of Central Florida participant support costs. Participant support costs must be accounted for separately should an award be made. (vi) Other Direct Costs (Lines G1 through G6 on the Proposal Budget) Any costs proposed to an NSF grant must be allowable, reasonable and directly allocable to international writing Rossall the supported activity. The budget must identify and itemize other anticipated direct costs not included under the headings above, including materials and supplies, publication costs, computer services and consultant services. Examples include aircraft rental, space rental at research establishments away from the grantee organization, minor building alterations, payments to human subjects, and service charges. Reference books and periodicals may be charged to the grant only if they are specifically allocable to the project being supported by NSF.

(a) Materials and Supplies (including Costs of essays of Central Computing Devices) (Line G1 on harvard Berlin International School the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget justification should indicate the general types of expendable materials and of Central Florida, supplies required. Supplies are defined as all tangible personal property other than those described in paragraph (d)(iii) above. A computing device is considered a supply if the acquisition cost is less than the lesser of the capitalization level established by the proposer or $5,000, regardless of the length of its useful life. In the specific case of computing devices, charging as a direct cost is allowable for intellectual auf dem Rosenberg, devices that are essential and allocable, but not solely dedicated, to the performance of the NSF award. Cost estimates must be included for items that represent a substantial amount of the proposed line item cost. (b) Publication/Documentation/Dissemination (Line G2 on the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget may request funds for the costs of University of Central documenting, preparing, publishing or otherwise making available to others the findings and competition Rossall School, products of the work conducted under the grant. This generally includes the essays University Florida, following types of activities: reports, reprints, page charges or other journal costs (except costs for prior or early publication); necessary illustrations; cleanup, documentation, storage and indexing of data and databases; development, documentation and debugging of write essay topic Gordon software; and storage, preservation, documentation, indexing, etc., of physical specimens, collections or fabricated items.

(c) Consultant Services (also referred to as Professional Service Costs) (Line G3 on the Proposal Budget) The proposal budget may request costs for University Florida, professional and business articles Brandenburg International, consultant services. Professional and consultant services are services rendered by persons who are members of a particular profession or possess a special skill, and who are not officers or employees of the Florida, proposing organization. Costs of professional and consultant services are allowable when reasonable in relation to the services rendered and when not contingent upon recovery of costs from the Federal government. Difficulties Essay Edith Cowan University? Anticipated services must be justified and of Central, information furnished on difficulties essay Edith each individual’s expertise, primary organizational affiliation, normal daily compensation rate, and essays Florida, number of days of expected service. Consultants’ travel costs, including subsistence, may be included. If requested, the proposer must be able to justify that the proposed rate of Nuova Milano pay is reasonable. Additional information on the allowability of consultant or professional service costs is available in essays University, 2 CFR § 200.459. Article NABA, Milano? In addition to essays University of Central other provisions required by the proposing organization, all contracts made under the NSF award must contain the applicable provisions identified in 2 CFR § 200 Appendix II. (d) Computer Services (Line G4 on the Proposal Budget) he cost of computer services, including computer-based retrieval of scientific, technical and educational information, may be requested only where it is institutional policy to intellectual thinking Institut auf dem charge such costs as direct charges.

A justification based on the established computer service rates at the proposing organization must be included. The proposal budget also may request costs for leasing of essays University computer equipment. As noted in Nuova Milano, GPG Chapter II.C.2.g(iii), general purpose (such as word processing, spreadsheets, communication) computer equipment should not be requested. Note: See paragraph (a) above for guidance on acquisition of computing devices. (e) Subawards 22 (Line G5 on the Proposal Budget) Except for the purchase of materials and Florida, supplies, equipment or general support services allowable under the essay writing Rossall, grant, no portion of the essay of Central Florida, proposed activity may be subawarded, transferred, or contracted out to another organization without written prior NSF authorization. Critical Roedean? Such authorization must be provided either through inclusion of the subaward(s) on an NSF award budget or by essays University Florida, receiving written prior approval from the cognizant NSF Grants and Agreements Officer. If known at the time of proposal submission, the intent to intellectual auf dem Rosenberg enter into such arrangements must be disclosed in University Florida, the proposal.

A separate budget and thinking Institut Rosenberg, a budget justification of essays no more than three pages, must be provided for each subrecipient, if already identified, along with a description of the Brandenburg International, work to be performed. All proposing organizations are required to make a case-by-case determination regarding the role of a subrecipient versus contractor for each agreement it makes. 2 CFR § 200.330 provides characteristics of each type of arrangement to assist proposing organizations in making that determination. However, inclusion of a subaward or contract in the proposal budget or submission of a request after issuance of an NSF award to add a subaward or contract will document the Florida, organizational determination required. It is Institut auf dem, NSF’s expectation that, consistent with 2 CFR § 200.414, NSF awardees will use the domestic subrecipient’s applicable US federally negotiated indirect cost rate(s). If no such rate exists, the essay essays University of Central, NSF awardee may either negotiate a rate or will fund the subrecipient using the de minimis indirect cost rate recovery of 10% of critical Roedean School modified total direct costs. It is also NSF’s expectation that NSF awardees will use the foreign subrecipient’s applicable US federally negotiated indirect cost rate(s). However, if no such rate exists, the NSF awardee will fund the foreign subrecipient using the de minimis indirect cost rate recovery of 10% of modified total direct costs. (f) Other (Line G6 on the Proposal Budget) Any other direct costs not specified in University of Central Florida, Lines G1 through G5 must be identified on Line G6. Such costs must be itemized and detailed in Brandenburg School, the budget justification.

(vii) Total Direct Costs (Line H on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of essays of Central direct costs requested in the budget, to include Lines A through G, must be entered on Line H. (viii) Indirect Costs (also known as Facilities and Administrative Costs (FA) for Colleges and Universities) (Line I on the Proposal Budget) Except where specifically identified in writing competition Rossall, an NSF program solicitation, the applicable US federally negotiated indirect cost rate(s) must be used in computing indirect costs (FA) for a proposal. The amount for essay University, indirect costs should be calculated by applying the current negotiated indirect cost rate(s) to critical reviews the approved base(s). Essays University Of Central? Indirect cost recovery for colleges, universities, and other organizations of higher education are additionally restricted by 2 CFR § 200, Appendix III, paragraph C.7. which specifies Federal agencies are required to writing School use the negotiated FA rate that is in effect at the time of the initial award throughout the essays University of Central Florida, life of the sponsored agreement. Additional information on the charging of indirect costs to international essay competition Rossall School an NSF award is available in essay essays, AAG Chapter V.D. Domestic proposing organizations that do not have a current negotiated rate agreement with a cognizant Federal agency, and who are requesting more than a de minimis 10% recovery of modified total direct costs should prepare an indirect cost proposal based on expenditures for its most recently ended fiscal year.

Based on the information provided in the indirect cost proposal, NSF may negotiate an award-specific rate to be used only on harvard Berlin the award currently being considered for funding. Essay Essays? No supporting documentation is in writing Edith University, required for proposed rates of 10% or less of modified total direct costs. Essay University Of Central? The contents and financial data included in indirect cost proposals vary according to the make-up of the write essay topic Robert Gordon, proposing organization. Instructions for preparing an indirect cost rate proposal can be found at: http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/caar/docs/idcsubmissions.pdf. NSF formally negotiates indirect cost rates for the organizations for which NSF has rate cognizance. Essay Essays University Of Central Florida? NSF does not negotiate rates for intellectual Institut auf dem Rosenberg, organizations that are not direct recipients of NSF funding (e.g., subrecipients).

The prime recipient is responsible for ensuring that proposed subrecipient costs, including indirect costs, are reasonable and appropriate. Foreign organizations that do not have a current US federally negotiated indirect cost rate(s) are limited to a de minimis indirect cost rate recovery of 10% of modified total direct costs. Foreign grantees that have a US federally negotiated indirect cost rate(s) may recover indirect costs at the current negotiated rate. (ix) Total Direct and Indirect Costs (FA) (Line J on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of direct and essay essays University of Central Florida, indirect costs (FA) (sum of Lines H and I) must be entered on Line J. (x) Amount of This Request (Line L on the Proposal Budget) The total amount of funds requested by of an NABA, Nuova Milano, the proposer should be the same as the amount entered on Line J. (xi) Cost Sharing (Line M on the Proposal Budget) The National Science Board issued a report entitled “Investing in the Future: NSF Cost Sharing Policies for a Robust Federal Research Enterprise”(NSB 09-20, August 3, 2009), which contained eight recommendations for NSF regarding cost sharing. In implementation of the Board’s recommendation, NSF’s guidance 23 is essays, as follows: Voluntary Committed and Uncommitted Cost Sharing. Inclusion of critical School voluntary committed cost sharing is prohibited and Line M on the proposal budget will not be available for use by the proposer.

While not required by NSF, awardee organizations may, at their own discretion, continue to contribute voluntary uncommitted cost sharing to NSF-sponsored projects. These resources are not auditable by NSF and should not be included in the proposal budget or budget justification. In order for NSF, and its reviewers, to assess the scope of a proposed project, all organizational resources necessary for, and essay of Central, available to, a project must be described in the Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources section of the proposal (see GPG Chapter II.C.2.i for further information). NSF Program Officers are not authorized to impose or encourage cost sharing unless such requirements are explicitly included in the program solicitation. Mandatory Cost Sharing. Mandatory cost sharing will only be required for NSF programs when explicitly authorized by the NSF Director, the National Science Board, or legislation. A complete listing of NSF programs that require cost sharing is available on harvard business Berlin Brandenburg the NSF website at: http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/. In those rare instances, cost sharing requirements will be clearly identified in the solicitation and must be included on essay of Central Florida Line M of the proposed budget. Of An Article Accademia Di Belle Arti Milano? For purposes of budget preparation, the essay of Central, cumulative cost sharing amount must be entered on Line M of the first year’s budget. Should an award be made, the organization’s cost sharing commitment, as specified on the first year’s approved budget, must be met prior to the award end date. Such cost sharing will be an eligibility, rather than a review criterion.

Proposers are advised not to exceed the mandatory cost sharing level or amount specified in the solicitation. 24. When mandatory cost sharing is included on Line M, and accepted by the Foundation, the commitment of international competition Rossall funds becomes legally binding and is subject to audit. When applicable, the estimated value of any in-kind contributions also should be included on Line M. An explanation of the source, nature, amount and availability of any proposed cost sharing must be provided in the budget justification 25 . It should be noted that contributions derived from other Federal funds or counted as cost sharing toward projects of another Federal agency must not be counted towards meeting the specific cost sharing requirements of the NSF award. Failure to essays of Central Florida provide the level of Institut cost sharing required by the NSF solicitation and reflected in the NSF award budget may result in essay University Florida, termination of the NSF award, disallowance of critical reviews Roedean award costs and/or refund of award funds to essay University NSF by the awardee.

(xii) Allowable and Unallowable Costs. 2 CFR § 200, Subpart E provides comprehensive information regarding costs allowable under Federal awards. The following categories of write essay Gordon (NAVITAS) unallowable costs are highlighted because of their sensitivity: Costs of essay essays of Central Florida entertainment, amusement, diversion and social activities, and any costs directly associated with such activities (such as tickets to shows or sporting events, meals, lodging, rentals, transportation and gratuities) are unallowable. Travel, meal and hotel expenses of grantee employees who are not on travel status are unallowable. Costs of employees on travel status are limited to those specifically authorized by 2 CFR § 200.474. (b) Meals and Coffee Breaks. No funds may be requested for meals or coffee breaks for intramural meetings of an organization or any of its components, including, but not limited to, laboratories, departments and centers. )See 2 CFR 200.432, for additional information on the charging of synopsis NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti certain types of costs generally associated with conferences supported by NSF.) (c) Alcoholic Beverages.

No NSF funds may be spent on alcoholic beverages. h. Current and Pending Support. This section of the proposal calls for required information on all current and pending support for ongoing projects and essay essays University of Central Florida, proposals, including this project , and any subsequent funding in write Gordon University, the case of continuing grants. All current project support from whatever source (e.g., Federal, State, local or foreign government agencies, public or private foundations, industrial or other commercial organizations, or internal funds allocated toward specific projects) must be listed. Essay Essays Of Central? The proposed project and all other projects or activities requiring a portion of time of the PI and other senior personnel must be included, even if they receive no salary support from the project(s).

The total award amount for the entire award period covered (including indirect costs) must be shown as well as the number of harvard business articles Berlin Brandenburg International School person-months per year to be devoted to the project, regardless of source of support. Similar information must be provided for all proposals already submitted or submitted concurrently to other possible sponsors, including NSF. Concurrent submission of a proposal to other organizations will not prejudice its review by NSF. The Biological Sciences Directorate exception to this policy is delineated in GPG Chapter I.G.2. If the project now being submitted has been funded previously by a source other than NSF, the information requested in the paragraph above must be furnished for essay essays University, the last period of essay Gordon University (NAVITAS) funding. In FastLane, current and pending support for all senior personnel may no longer be grouped together and uploaded in a single PDF file associated with the PI. Each individual’s current and essays of Central, pending support must be uploaded as a single PDF file or inserted as text associated with that individual. i. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources.

This section of the proposal is used to of an Nuova di Belle Milano assess the adequacy of the resources available to perform the effort proposed to satisfy both the essays University of Central Florida, Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts review criteria. Proposers should describe only those resources that are directly applicable. Proposers should include an aggregated description of the internal and intellectual auf dem, external resources (both physical and personnel) that the organization and its collaborators will provide to essay essays University the project, should it be funded. Such information must be provided in this section, in lieu of write essay topic Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) other parts of the proposal (e.g., budget justification, project description). The description should be narrative in nature and essay essays University of Central, must not include any quantifiable financial information. Reviewers will evaluate the information during the merit review process and the cognizant NSF Program Officer will review it for programmatic and technical sufficiency. Although these resources are not considered cost sharing as defined in 2 CFR § 200.306, the Foundation does expect that the resources identified in the Facilities, Equipment, and Other Resources section will be provided, or made available, should the proposal be funded. AAG Chapter II.B.1 specifies procedures for use by the awardee when there are postaward changes to objectives, scope or methods/procedures. j. Special Information and Supplementary Documentation. Except as specified below, special information and supplementary documentation must be included as part of the Project Description (or part of the budget justification), if it is relevant to determining the quality of the proposed work. Information submitted in the following areas is not considered part of the 15-page Project Description limitation.

This Special Information and Supplementary Documentation section also is not considered an appendix. Specific guidance on the need for additional documentation may be obtained from the organization’s sponsored projects office or in the references cited below. Postdoctoral Researcher Mentoring Plan. Each proposal 26 that requests funding to synopsis article Accademia di Belle Milano support postdoctoral researchers 27 must include, as a supplementary document, a description of the mentoring activities that will be provided for University of Central, such individuals. In no more than one page, the mentoring plan must describe the synopsis of an NABA, di Belle Arti, mentoring that will be provided to all postdoctoral researchers supported by the project, regardless of whether they reside at of Central Florida the submitting organization, any subrecipient organization, or at any organization participating in a simultaneously submitted collaborative project.

Proposers are advised that the mentoring plan must not be used to circumvent the 15-page Project Description limitation. See GPG Chapter II.D.5 for additional information on collaborative proposals. Mentoring activities provided to postdoctoral researchers supported on critical reviews School the project will be evaluated under the Broader Impacts review criterion. Examples of essay University mentoring activities include, but are not limited to: career counseling; training in preparation of grant proposals, publications and presentations; guidance on ways to improve teaching and mentoring skills; guidance on how to effectively collaborate with researchers from diverse backgrounds and disciplinary areas; and training in responsible professional practices. Plans for data management and sharing of the products of research. Critical Reviews School? Proposals must include a supplementary document of no more than two pages labeled Data Management Plan. University? This supplementary document should describe how the proposal will conform to NSF policy on the dissemination and international School, sharing of research results (see AAG Chapter VI.D.4), and may include: the types of data, samples, physical collections, software, curriculum materials, and other materials to be produced in the course of the project; the standards to University Florida be used for data and metadata format and content (where existing standards are absent or deemed inadequate, this should be documented along with any proposed solutions or remedies); policies for access and sharing including provisions for appropriate protection of difficulties essay Cowan privacy, confidentiality, security, intellectual property, or other rights or requirements; policies and provisions for re-use, re-distribution, and the production of derivatives; and. plans for essay essays University of Central, archiving data, samples, and other research products, and for preservation of write Robert University (NAVITAS) access to them. Data management requirements and plans specific to the Directorate, Office, Division, Program, or other NSF unit, relevant to a proposal are available at: http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/dmp.jsp. If guidance specific to the program is not available, then the requirements established in this section apply. Simultaneously submitted collaborative proposals and proposals that include subawards are a single unified project and should include only one supplemental combined Data Management Plan, regardless of the number of non-lead collaborative proposals or subawards included.

A valid Data Management Plan may include only the statement that no detailed plan is needed, as long as the statement is accompanied by a clear justification. Proposers who feel that the plan cannot fit within the limit of essay essays of Central Florida two pages may use part of the 15-page Project Description for additional data management information. Proposers are advised that the Data Management Plan must not be used to Rosenberg circumvent the 15-page Project Description limitation. The Data Management Plan will be reviewed as an integral part of the proposal, considered under Intellectual Merit or Broader Impacts or both, as appropriate for the scientific community of relevance. Rationale for performance of all or part of the project off-campus or away from essay of Central Florida organizational headquarters. Documentation of collaborative arrangements of in writing essay Edith University significance to the proposal through letters of collaboration. (See GPG Chapter II.C.2.d(iv)). Letters of collaboration should be limited to stating the intent to collaborate and essay essays University of Central, should not contain endorsements or evaluation of the proposed project. The recommended format for letters of collaboration is as follows:

If the proposal submitted by Dr. [insert the full name of the Principal Investigator] entitled [insert the proposal title] is selected for funding by intellectual thinking Institut auf dem, NSF, it is my intent to University of Central Florida collaborate and/or commit resources as detailed in the Project Description or the Facilities, Equipment or Other Resources section of the international writing Rossall School, proposal. While letters of collaboration are permitted, unless required by a specific program solicitation, letters of support should not be submitted as they are not a standard component of an NSF proposal. Essays Of Central Florida? Letters of support are typically from a key stakeholder such as an organization, collaborator or Congressional Representative, and are used to synopsis article NABA, Nuova di Belle Arti Milano convey a sense of enthusiasm for the project and/or to highlight the qualifications of the PI or co-PI. Letters of support submitted in response to a program solicitation requirement must be unique to the specific proposal submitted and cannot be altered without the author’s explicit prior approval. In order for NSF to comply with federal environmental statutes (including, but not limited to, the National Environmental Policy Act [42 U.S.C. §§ 4321, et seq .], the National Historic Preservation Act [16 U.S.C. § 470, et seq .], and the Endangered Species Act [16 U.S.C. §§ 1531, et seq .], the of Central Florida, proposer may be requested to submit supplemental post-proposal submission information to NSF in order that a reasonable and harvard business Berlin, accurate assessment of environmental impacts by NSF may be made. International Research/Education/Training Activities. University Florida? For each proposal that describes an international activity, PIs should list the thinking auf dem Rosenberg, primary countries involved on the Cover Sheet.

An international activity is defined as research, training, and/or education carried out in cooperation with foreign counterparts either overseas or in the US using virtual technologies. International Conferences. Proposers also should enter on the Cover Sheet the country/countries with which project participants will engage and/or travel to attend international conferences. If the specific location of the international conference is not known at the time of the proposal submission, proposers should enter Worldwide on the Cover Sheet. Work in foreign countries. Essay Essays? Some governments require nonresidents to obtain official approval to carry out investigations within their borders and coastal waters under their jurisdiction. PIs are responsible for obtaining the required authorizations. Advance coordination should minimize disruption of the research. (See AAG Chapter VI.B.4.) Antarctic proposals to any NSF program require operational worksheets by the first Wednesday of June in the year before any proposed fieldwork. See proposals with fieldwork in Chapter V.A of Antarctic Research. Special budget considerations also apply. (See also Chapter V.B of Antarctic Research.)

Research in difficulties in writing Edith University, a location designated, or eligible to be designated, a registered historic place. (See AAG Chapter VI.K). Where applicable, the box for Historic Places must be checked on the proposal Cover Sheet. Research involving field experiments with genetically engineered organisms. Essays University Of Central Florida? (See AAG Chapter VI.B.2) Documentation regarding research involving the use of human subjects, hazardous materials, vertebrate animals, or endangered species. (See AAG Chapter VI.B. and GPG Chapter II.D.7 and II.D.8). Projects that involve technology utilization/transfer activities, that require a management plan, or that involve special reports or final products. Please note that some program solicitations provide specific guidance on preparation and inclusion of management plans in proposals submitted to business articles Berlin Brandenburg International NSF. Special components in new proposals or in requests for University of Central Florida, supplements, such as Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED), Research Opportunity Awards (ROAs), Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REUs), or Facilitating Research at Primarily Undergraduate Institutions (RUIs and ROAs). Essay Topic Robert (NAVITAS)? (See GPG Chapter II.D.4 for information on FASED, and for the other programs identified, consult the relevant program solicitation.) In addition, the supplementary documentation section should alert NSF officials to unusual circumstances that require special handling, including, for example, proprietary or other privileged information in the proposal, matters affecting individual privacy, required intergovernmental review under E.O. 12372 (Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs) for activities that directly affect State or local governments, or possible national security implications.

All information necessary for the review of a proposal must be contained in Sections A through I of the essays University, proposal. Appendices may not be included unless a deviation has been authorized . Business Brandenburg International? GPG Chapter II.A contains further information. D. Essay University Florida? Special Guidelines. 1. Rapid Response Research (RAPID) Proposals. The RAPID funding mechanism is Robert Gordon University, used for proposals having a severe urgency with regard to availability of, or access to, data, facilities or specialized equipment, including quick-response research on essay essays University natural or anthropogenic disasters and similar unanticipated events. PI(s) must contact the NSF program officer(s) whose expertise is most germane to the proposal topic before submitting a RAPID proposal. This will facilitate determining whether the proposed work is appropriate for RAPID funding. The Project Description is expected to be brief and must be no more than five pages. It must include clear statements as to why the proposed research is of an urgent nature and why a RAPID award would be the write topic, most appropriate mechanism for supporting the essay University Florida, proposed work. Note this proposal preparation instruction deviates from the standard proposal preparation instructions contained in this Guide; RAPID proposals must otherwise be compliant with the GPG. The RAPID proposal type must be selected in the proposal preparation module in FastLane.

Only internal merit review is required for intellectual thinking Institut auf dem, RAPID proposals. Under rare circumstances, program officers may elect to obtain external reviews to inform their decision. If external review is to be obtained, then the PI will be informed in the interest of maintaining the transparency of the review and recommendation process. The two standard NSB-approved merit review criteria will apply. Requests may be for up to $200K and of one year duration.

The award size, however, will be consistent with the project scope and of a size comparable to grants in similar areas. No-cost extensions and requests for supplemental funding will be processed in essay essays University, accordance with standard NSF policies and procedures. Renewed funding of RAPID awards may be requested only through submission of a proposal that will be subject to full external merit review. Such proposals would be designated as RAPID renewals. 2. Intellectual Thinking Institut? EArly-concept Grants for Exploratory Research (EAGER) Proposals.

The EAGER funding mechanism may be used to support exploratory work in its early stages on untested, but potentially transformative, research ideas or approaches. This work may be considered especially high risk-high payoff in essay University, the sense that it, for example, involves radically different approaches, applies new expertise, or engages novel disciplinary or interdisciplinary perspectives. These exploratory proposals also may be submitted directly to an NSF program, but the EAGER mechanism should not be used for projects that are appropriate for Berlin International School, submission as regular (i.e., non-EAGER) NSF proposals. Essays Of Central Florida? PI(s) must contact the NSF program officer(s) whose expertise is most germane to the proposal topic prior to submission of an EAGER proposal. This will aid in determining the appropriateness of the work for harvard Brandenburg International, consideration under the EAGER mechanism; this suitability must be assessed early in the process. The Project Description is expected to be brief and essay University Florida, must be no more than eight pages. It must include clear statements as to why this project is appropriate for critical reviews Roedean School, EAGER funding, including why it does not fit into existing programs and why it is essay essays Florida, a good fit for EAGER. Note this proposal preparation instruction deviates from the Roedean School, standard proposal preparation instructions contained in essays of Central, this Guide; EAGER proposals must otherwise be compliant with the GPG. The EAGER proposal type must be selected in the proposal preparation module in intellectual Institut Rosenberg, FastLane.

Only internal merit review is essay essays University of Central Florida, required for EAGER proposals. Under rare circumstances, program officers may elect to obtain external reviews to inform their decision. Auf Dem? If external review is to be obtained, then the PI will be informed in the interest of essay of Central Florida maintaining the transparency of the review and recommendation process. The two standard NSB-approved merit review criteria will apply. Requests may be for up to $300K and of up to two years duration. The award size, however, will be consistent with the project scope and of a size comparable to grants in similar areas. No-cost extensions and requests for supplemental funding will be processed in accordance with standard NSF policies and procedures.

Renewed funding of EAGER awards may be requested only through submission of a proposal that will be subject to intellectual full external merit review. Such proposals would be designated as EAGER renewals. The Ideas Lab is a funding mechanism designed to support the development and implementation of creative and innovative project ideas that have the potential to essay of Central transform research paradigms and/or solve intractable problems. An Ideas Lab may be run independently, or in parallel, with the issuance of an synopsis NABA, Accademia Milano, NSF funding opportunity on essay University of Central the same topic. These project ideas typically will be high-risk/high-impact, as they represent new and unproven ideas, approaches and/or technologies. Robert (NAVITAS)? This mechanism was developed collaboratively within NSF, modeled on the sandpit workshops that are a key component of the United Kingdom Research Council’s IDEAs Factory program. The implementation of the Ideas Lab mechanism is a four-stage process as described below: a. Essay Of Central? Stage 1: Selection of Panelists. There are two separate panels convened for business school Berlin International School, an Ideas Lab: a selection panel and an Ideas Lab panel. The role of the selection panel is to provide advice on the selection of essays University Florida participants. The role of the Ideas Lab panel is to provide an reviews, assessment of the essay essays University of Central Florida, project ideas developed there.

The individuals selected to write topic Gordon participate in each of these panels are subject matter experts for the specific topic of the Ideas Lab. All panelists are barred from receiving any research funding through, or in any other way collaborating on, the particular Ideas Lab in which they are involved. b. Stage 2: Selection of Participants. A call for participants solicitation that describes the specific focus of the Ideas Lab will be issued. The solicitation will specify the content and essays, submission instructions for such applications. The project description is limited to two pages and should include information regarding the synopsis NABA, Nuova, applicant’s specific expertise and interest in the topic area, as well as about certain personal attributes that enhance the success of the Ideas Lab workshop mechanism (e.g., experience and essay essays University, interest in working in teams, communication skills, level of creativity, willingness to take risks). Applicants also must include a Biographical Sketch and thinking Institut auf dem, Current and Pending Support information (both of which must be prepared in accordance with standard NSF formatting guidelines). All other elements of a full proposal are waived (i.e., Project Summary, References Cited, Budget and Budget Justification, Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources).

The application must be submitted as a preliminary proposal in FastLane. Of Central Florida? No appendices or supplementary documents may be submitted. Applicants are notified electronically of NSF’s decision regarding whether they are invited or not invited to Institut auf dem Rosenberg participate in the Ideas Lab. Applicants will be informed about the context of the review and the criteria that were used to assess the applications in the form of a panel summary, but will not receive individual reviews or other review-related feedback. c. Stage 3: Ideas Lab.

The agenda and duration 28 of the Ideas Lab are communicated to meeting participants by essay University, the cognizant NSF Program Officer. Anonymous real-time peer review involving the participants and the Ideas Lab panel is incorporated into articles Brandenburg International School, the workshop format, providing iterative constructive feedback during the development of project ideas. The Ideas Lab concept incorporates a guided creativity process, thus the use of a facilitator(s) is included, both to guide the creation of interdisciplinary teams and the creative development of ideas, and to ensure that the workshop progresses in a productive manner. At the end of the Ideas Lab, the Ideas Lab panel will provide a consensus report summarizing their evaluation of each project idea. The recommendations of the Ideas Lab panel are advisory to NSF. Within seven to fourteen days following the Ideas Lab, the NSF Program Officers will determine which project ideas are meritorious and essay Florida, should be invited as full proposals. At the NSF Program Officers’ discretion (subject to Division Director concurrence), they may invite none, some, or all of the project ideas as full proposals, with the synopsis of an NABA, Nuova Accademia, final funding decision to essay of Central occur after the full proposals have been received and reviewed.

Invited full proposals (which are prepared in accordance with standard research proposal formatting guidelines) must be submitted within two months of receiving NSF notification after the Ideas Lab. d. Stage 4: Review and recommendation of full proposals. Invited proposals will be reviewed internally by the cognizant NSF Program Officers, the thinking Institut Rosenberg, Ideas Lab panelists, and other external reviewers, as appropriate. Resulting awards will be administered in accordance with standard NSF policies and University, procedures, including no-cost extensions and supplemental funding requests. Renewed funding of an Ideas Lab award may be requested only through submission of a full proposal that will be subject to external merit review.

Such proposals would be designated as an Ideas Lab renewal. 4. Essay Competition Rossall School? Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) As part of its effort to promote full utilization of highly qualified scientists, mathematicians, and engineers, and to develop scientific and University of Central Florida, technical talent, the Foundation has the following goals: to reduce or remove barriers to participation in intellectual Institut Rosenberg, research and training by persons with physical disabilities by Florida, providing special equipment and assistance under awards made by NSF; and. to encourage persons with disabilities to pursue careers in articles Berlin International, science and engineering by essay University Florida, stimulating the international writing, development and demonstration of essay essays of Central Florida special equipment that facilitates their work performance. Persons with disabilities eligible for facilitation awards include PIs, other senior personnel, and graduate and undergraduate students. The cognizant NSF Program Officer will make decisions regarding what constitutes appropriate support on a case-by-case basis. The specific nature, purpose, and harvard school articles Berlin School, need for equipment or assistance should be described in sufficient detail in the proposal to permit evaluation by essay essays University Florida, knowledgeable reviewers. There is no separate program for funding of special equipment or assistance. Requests are made in conjunction with regular competitive proposals, or as a supplemental funding request to an existing NSF award.

Specific instructions for each type of Cowan request are provided below. a. Essay Essays Florida? Requests as part of a competitive proposal submission. Funds may be requested to purchase special equipment, modify equipment or provide services required specifically for the work to be undertaken. Requests for funds for equipment or assistance that compensate in a general way for the disabling condition are not permitted. For example, funds may be requested to provide: prosthetic devices to manipulate a particular apparatus; equipment to convert sound to visual signals, or vice versa, for a particular experiment; access to a special site or to a mode of critical reviews Roedean transportation (except as defined below); a reader or interpreter with special technical competence related to the project; or other special-purpose equipment or assistance needed to conduct a particular project. Items, however, such as standard wheel chairs, prosthetics, hearing aids, TDD/text-phones, or general readers for the blind would not be supported because the need for them is not specific to the proposed project. Similarly, ramps, elevators, or other structural modifications of research facilities are not eligible for direct support under this program. No maximum funding amount has been established for such requests.

It is expected, however, that the cost (including equipment adaptation and installation) will not be a major component of the total proposed budget for the project. Requests for funds for special equipment or assistance to facilitate the participation of essay essays University Florida individuals with disabilities should be included in the proposed budget for synopsis of an article NABA, Nuova di Belle Arti Milano, the project and documented in the budget justification. The specific nature, purpose and need for such equipment or assistance should be described in sufficient detail in the Project Description to permit evaluation of the request by knowledgeable reviewers. b. Supplemental funding requests to existing NSF grants. Supplemental funds for special equipment or assistance to facilitate participation in NSF-supported projects by persons with disabilities may be provided under existing NSF grants. Normally, title is essay University of Central, vested in the grantee organization for equipment purchased in conjunction with NSF-supported activities. In accordance with the applicable grant terms and conditions, the grantee organization guarantees use of the harvard business school articles Berlin Brandenburg School, equipment for the specific project during the period of work funded by the Foundation, and assures its use in an appropriate manner after project completion. Essay University Of Central? In instances involving special equipment for persons with disabilities, the synopsis article Nuova Accademia Arti Milano, need for such may be unique to the individual. In such cases, the grantee organization may elect to transfer title to the individual to assure appropriate use after project completion. Supplemental funding requests should be submitted by using the ”Supplemental Funding Request” function in essay University of Central Florida, FastLane and reviews Roedean, should include a brief description of the request, a budget and a budget justification. Requests must be submitted at least two months before funds are needed.

Funding decisions will be made on the basis of the justification and availability of program funds with any resultant funding provided through a formal amendment of the existing NSF grant. 5. Of Central? Collaborative Proposal. A collaborative proposal is one in which investigators from two or more organizations wish to collaborate on a unified research project. Collaborative proposals may be submitted to NSF in one of difficulties Edith two methods: as a single proposal, in which a single award is being requested (with subawards administered by the lead organization); or by simultaneous submission of proposals from essays of Central different organizations, with each organization requesting a separate award. In either case, the lead organization’s proposal must contain all of the requisite sections as a single package to international writing Rossall School be provided to reviewers (that will happen automatically when procedures below are followed).

All collaborative proposals must clearly describe the roles to be played by the other organizations, specify the managerial arrangements, and explain the essay University Florida, advantages of the multi-organizational effort within the topic, Project Description. PIs are strongly encouraged to contact the cognizant NSF Program Officer prior to submission of essay essays of Central Florida a collaborative proposal. a. Submission of a collaborative proposal from one organization. The single proposal method allows investigators from two or more organizations who have developed an integrated research project to submit a single, focused proposal. A single investigator bears primary responsibility for the administration of the grant and write Gordon (NAVITAS), discussions with NSF, and, at the discretion of the organizations involved, investigators from any of the participating organizations may be designated as co-PIs. Note, however, that if awarded, a single award would be made to the submitting organization, with any collaborators listed as subawards. Essay Of Central? (See GPG Chapter II.C.2.g(vi)(e) for additional instructions on preparation of article di Belle Arti this type of proposal.)

If a proposed subaward includes funding to support postdoctoral researchers, the mentoring activities to be provided for such individuals must be incorporated in the supplemental mentoring plan outlined in GPG Chapter II.C.2.j. b. Submission of a collaborative proposal from multiple organizations. Simultaneous submission of proposals allows multiple organizations to essays submit a unified set of certain proposal sections, as well as information unique to each organization as specified below. All collaborative proposals arranged as separate submissions from multiple organizations must be submitted via FastLane. For these proposals, the project title must begin with the words Collaborative Research:” If funded, each organization bears responsibility for essay Robert University (NAVITAS), a separate award. Required sections of the proposal differ based on the organization’s role. The following sections are required for a collaborative proposal submitted by: Table of Contents (automatically generated) Table of Contents (automatically generated) Budget and Budget Justification. Current and Pending Support.

Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. Budget and Budget Justification. Current and Pending Support. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources. Data Management Plan. Postdoctoral Mentoring Plan (if applicable) See GPG Chapter II.C.2.j for additional guidance on essays of Central mentoring and data management plan requirements for collaborative proposals. NSF will combine the proposal submission for essay Cowan University, printing or electronic viewing. To submit the collaborative proposal, the essay essays Florida, following process must be completed: 29.

(i) Each non-lead organization must assign their proposal a proposal PIN. This proposal PIN and of an article NABA, Arti Milano, the temporary proposal ID generated by FastLane when the non-lead proposal is created must be provided to University of Central Florida the lead organization before the lead organization submits its proposal to Roedean NSF. (ii) The lead organization must then enter each non-lead organization(s) proposal PIN and temporary proposal ID into the FastLane lead proposal by using the Link Collaborative Proposals option found on the FastLane Form Preparation screen. Given that such separately submitted proposals constitute a single proposal submission to essay essays University Florida NSF, it is imperative that the business school articles Brandenburg, proposals be submitted within a reasonable timeframe to one another. (iii) All components of the collaborative proposal must meet any established deadline date and time 30 , and failure to essay University of Central Florida do so may result in the entire collaborative proposal being returned without review. (iv) If funded, both lead and non-lead organizations are required to submit separate annual and final project reports.

These reports should reference the work of the collaborative, while focusing on the distinct work conducted at each funded organization. 6. Equipment Proposals. Proposals for critical Roedean, specialized equipment may be submitted by an organization for: individual investigators; groups of investigators within the same department; several departments; organization(s) participating in a collaborative or joint arrangement; any components of an organization; or a region. One individual must be designated as PI. Investigators may be working in closely related areas or their research may be multidisciplinary. An equipment proposal must contain all of the following proposal sections: Project Summary: GPG Chapter II.C.2.b should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal. Project Description (not to exceed 15 pages) that includes: a. an overall acquisition plan which discusses arrangements for acquisition, maintenance and operation. Equipment to be purchased, modified or constructed must be described in sufficient detail to allow comparison of its capabilities with the needs of the proposed activities; b. a description, from each potential major user, of the project(s) for which the equipment will be used.

This description must be succinct, not necessarily as detailed as in a full research proposal, and must emphasize the intrinsic merit of the activity and the importance of the equipment to it. A brief summary will suffice for auxiliary users; and. c. a description of comparable equipment already at the proposing organization(s), if applicable, and an explanation of why it cannot be used. This includes comparable government-owned equipment that is essay essays of Central Florida, on-site. Biographical Sketch(es) of the person(s) who will have overall responsibility for maintenance and operation and Institut, a brief statement of essay essays University of Central Florida qualifications (GPG Chapter II.C.2.f should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal; also see GPG II.C.2.f(iii)). Proposal Budget and Budget Justification: An annual budget and budget justification for the operation, maintenance and administration of the proposed equipment, (GPG Chapter II.C.2.g should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal).

Current and Pending Support: GPG Chapter II.C.2.h should be consulted to prepare this portion of the Edith University, proposal. Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources that includes a description of the physical facility, including floor plans or other appropriate information, where the equipment will be located; a narrative description of the source of funds available for operation and maintenance of the essay essays University Florida, proposed equipment; a brief description of other support services available, and a statement of why the equipment is severable or non-severable from the physical facility (GPG Chapter II.C.2.i should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal). Data Management Plan: GPG Chapter II.C.2.j should be consulted to prepare this portion of the difficulties in writing Cowan University, proposal. Postdoctoral Mentoring Plan (if applicable): GPG Chapter II.C.2.j should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal. These proposals normally compete with proposals for research or education projects. Essay University Florida? 31. 7. Proposals Involving Vertebrate Animals. a. Any project proposing use of vertebrate animals for research or education shall comply with the Animal Welfare Act [7 U.S.C.

2131, et seq.] and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the Secretary of Agriculture [9 CFR 1.1-4.11] pertaining to the humane care, handling, and treatment of Edith Cowan vertebrate animals held or used for essays Florida, research, teaching or other activities supported by Federal awards. In accordance with these requirements, proposed projects involving use of any vertebrate animal for research or education must be approved by the submitting organization's Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) before an award can be made. For this approval to be accepted by NSF, the Edith University, organization must have a current Public Health Service (PHS) Approved Assurance. In the case of research involving the study of essays Florida wildlife in the field or in the laboratory, for the provision in the PHS Assurance for Institutional Commitment (Section II) that requires the organization to establish and maintain a program for activities involving animals in accordance with the essay topic Gordon (NAVITAS), Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (Guide), the organization has established and will maintain a program for essay University of Central Florida, activities involving animals according to synopsis of an article NABA, Nuova di Belle the Guide. Essays Of Central? The organization will follow recommendations specified in the Guide for details involving laboratory animals, and taxon-specific guidelines approved by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, the American Society of Mammalogists, and the Ornithological Council, as is appropriate for write topic Gordon (NAVITAS), the taxon to be studied. Essay University Florida? 32. b. Sufficient information must be provided within the 15-page Project Description to enable reviewers to critical reviews Roedean evaluate the: (i) rationale for University, involving animals; (ii) choice of species and international essay competition Rossall, number of animals to be used; (iii) description of the Florida, proposed use of the animals; (iv) exposure of animals to discomfort, pain, or injury; and. (v) description of any euthanasia methods to be used. c. Essay Cowan? Research facilities subject to the Animal Welfare Act using or intending to essay of Central Florida use live animals in research and who receive Federal funding are required to intellectual Institut Rosenberg register the facility with the Animal and essay University Florida, Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), US Department of synopsis of an NABA, di Belle Milano Agriculture.

A current listing of licensed animal dealers also may be obtained from of Central APHIS. The location of the reviews Roedean, nearest APHIS Regional Office, as well as information concerning this and essay, other APHIS activities, may be obtained at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/. d. Critical? Projects involving the care or use of vertebrate animals at essays Florida a foreign organization or foreign field site also require approval of research protocols by the US grantee’s IACUC. If the project is to write Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) be funded through an University of Central, award to a foreign organization or through an individual fellowship award that will support activities at a foreign organization, NSF will require a statement explicitly listing the proposer’s name and referencing the title of the award to intellectual Institut auf dem confirm that the activities will be conducted in accordance with all applicable laws in the foreign country and that the University of Central Florida, International Guiding Principles for article di Belle Arti Milano, Biomedical Research Involving Animals (see http://www.cioms.ch/) will be followed. e. The following information regarding the organization’s intention to utilize vertebrate animals as part of the project should be provided on the Cover Sheet: (i) The box for Vertebrate Animals must be checked on the Cover Sheet if use of vertebrate animals is envisioned. (ii) The date of IACUC approval of the animal-use protocol covering the proposed work (if obtained) must be identified in the space provided.

(iii) The PHS Approved Animal Welfare Assurance Number must be entered in the space provided. If IACUC approval has not been obtained prior to submission, the proposer should indicate Pending in the space provided for essay of Central, the approval date. If a decision is made to fund the synopsis of an Nuova di Belle Arti, proposal, the organization must provide a signed copy of the official IACUC approval letter to the cognizant NSF Program Officer before an award can be issued. The approval letter must affirm that an animal-use protocol covering the proposed activities has been approved, and should explicitly list the proposer’s name, the title and number of the University of Central Florida, NSF proposal, and the date of IACUC approval. f. For fellowship proposals submitted by individuals that involve use of vertebrate animals, a copy of the approval letter from the IACUC (including Assurance Number and organizational signature) should be included in the Supplementary Documentation section of the proposal or sent directly to the cognizant NSF Program Officer. The letter should indicate approval of the proposed activities. If IACUC approval has not been obtained prior to school articles Berlin School submission, the University of Central Florida, proposer should indicate Pending in the space provided for the approval date. If a decision is made to fund the proposal, the international writing Rossall, organization must provide a signed copy of the official IACUC approval letter to the cognizant program. Essay Of Central? The letter should indicate approval of the proposed activities, explicitly listing the proposer’s name and referencing the title of the NSF proposal, and must be submitted prior to an award being issued. See also AAG Chapter VI.B.3 for additional information on the administration of awards that utilize vertebrate animals.

Note that for some types of vertebrate animals (e.g., non-human primates), additional review may be required. 8. Harvard School Articles Brandenburg School? Proposals Involving Human Subjects. a. Essays? Projects involving research with human subjects must ensure that subjects are protected from research risks in conformance with the critical School, relevant federal policy known as the essay essays Florida, Common Rule ( Federal Policy for thinking auf dem Rosenberg, the Protection of University of Central Florida Human Subjects , 45 CFR 690). All projects involving human subjects must either (1) have approval from the organization's Institutional Review Board (IRB) before issuance of an NSF award or, (2) must affirm that the IRB has declared the research exempt from IRB review, in harvard articles International School, accordance with the essays of Central Florida, applicable subsection, as established in section 101(b) of the Common Rule. If certification of exemption is provided after submission of the proposal and essay Cowan University, before the essay, award is issued, the exemption number corresponding to one or more of the exemption categories also must be included in the documentation provided to critical School NSF. The only acceptable IRB approval documents are those that approve a human subjects research protocol; approvals in University, concept are not acceptable. NSF also cannot accept any IRB document that qualifies conditions that must be met before human subjects work can be carried out. If IRB approval cannot be obtained at the time of the award action because the development of a human subjects research protocol requires preliminary or other conceptual work to international competition take place, the PI should notify the essay of Central, cognizant NSF Program Officer assigned to the proposal. In such a case, NSF may add conditions to the award that prevent any research involving human subjects from being carried out, and essay writing competition Rossall, otherwise restrict the drawing down of funds, until IRB approval has been obtained.

If the project involves human subjects and is to be performed outside of the US, evidence of essay IRB approval also is required. If there is no IRB approval provided, and reviews Roedean, the foreign country is not included in the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of essay essays Human Research Protections (OHRP), International Compilation of Human Research Standards (http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/international/intlcompilation/intlcompilation.html), nor is an Assurance on write topic Robert Gordon file with OHRP (http://ohrp.cit.nih.gov/search/search.aspx?styp=bsc), NSF may decline to support the project. b. Of Central Florida? The following information regarding the organization’s intention to use human subjects as part of the project should be provided on thinking the Cover Sheet: (i) The box for Human Subjects must be checked on essay essays University Florida the Cover Sheet if use of human subjects is envisioned. (ii) If human subject activities are exempt from IRB review, provide the exemption number(s) corresponding to one or more of the exemption categories. The six categories of research that qualify for exemption from coverage by the regulations are defined in the Common Rule for Protection of Human Subjects. (iii) If the research is not designated as exempt, the IRB approval date should be identified in the space provided. This date, at minimum, should cover the period at which the project is initiated. If IRB approval has not been obtained prior to intellectual submission, the proposer should indicate Pending in the space provided for essay essays of Central Florida, the approval date. If a decision is made to fund the proposal, the difficulties Edith Cowan, organization must provide a signed copy of the IRB approval letter to the cognizant program.

The letter should indicate approval of the proposed activities and University, must be submitted prior to an award being issued. (iv) The Federal Wide Assurance (FWA) Number that the proposer has on file with OHRP should be entered, if available. See also AAG Chapter VI.B.1 for additional information on the administration of awards that use human subjects. 9. Conference Proposals 33. NSF supports conferences in critical School, special areas of science and engineering that bring experts together to discuss recent research or education findings or to expose other researchers or students to new research and education techniques. NSF encourages the convening in the US of major international conferences. Conferences will be supported only if equivalent results cannot be obtained at regular meetings of professional societies. Essay University Of Central? Although requests for support of conferences ordinarily originate with educational institutions or scientific and engineering societies, they also may come from Institut other groups.

Shared support by several Federal agencies, States or private organizations is encouraged. Essay University Of Central Florida? Because proceedings of such conferences normally should be published in international essay competition Rossall, professional journals, requests for support may include publication costs. Proposals for conferences should generally be submitted at essay University of Central Florida least a year in advance of the reviews School, scheduled date. Conferences, including the facilities in which they are held, funded in whole or in part with NSF funds, must be accessible to participants with disabilities. NSF funds are not to be spent for meals and coffee breaks for intramural meetings of an organization or any of essay essays of Central its components, including, but not limited to, laboratories, departments and centers, as a direct cost. A conference proposal must contain the in writing, elements identified below: Project Summary (GPG Chapter II.C.2.b should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal) Project Description (not to exceed 15 pages) that includes: a. A statement of the need for such a gathering and a list of topics; b. A listing of recent meetings on the same subject, including dates and locations; c. The names of the essay essays University of Central, chairperson and members of organizing committees and their organizational affiliations; d. Information on the location and Roedean School, probable date(s) of the meeting and essays of Central, the method of announcement or invitation; e. A statement of in writing Cowan how the meeting will be organized and conducted, how the results of the meeting will be disseminated and how the meeting will contribute to the enhancement and improvement of scientific, engineering and/or educational activities; Proposal Budget and Budget Justification: A budget, and budget justification for the conference that is prepared in accordance with GPG Chapter II.C.2.g.

The following provides a listing of the essays University of Central, types of costs that may be included on a conference budget. Such costs may be included only topic Robert University if they are specifically and essays of Central, clearly identified in the proposed scope of work and budget. Note that registration fees under NSF-supported conferences are considered program income. For additional information on program income associated with conferences, see AAG Chapter III.D.4. a. Harvard School Articles Berlin Brandenburg International School? Conference Facilities. Rental of facilities and essay University Florida, necessary equipment. b. Supplies. Harvard Articles Berlin School? Expendable materials and supplies necessary for the meeting.

c. Conference Services. Essay University? Costs of translation services, audio visual, webcast, and computer services for recording, transmitting and transcribing the proceedings. d. Publication Costs. Critical Reviews Roedean School? Costs of publishing the proceedings. e. Salaries. Salaries of professional personnel, editorial and clerical assistants and other staff members in proportion to the time or effort devoted to the preparation and essay, conduct of the conference and summarizing its results. f. Consultant Services and Speaker Fees. Reasonable fees and critical Roedean School, travel allowances and per diem (or meals provided in lieu of per diem). Consultants’ travel costs, including subsistence, may be included. Essay Essays Of Central? If requested, the proposer must be able to justify that the of an article Nuova Arti Milano, proposed rate of essay essays University of Central pay is article NABA, Nuova Accademia Milano, reasonable. Essays University? Additional information on the allowability of consultant or professional service costs is available in 2 CFR § 200.459.

In addition to other provisions required by the proposing organization, all contracts made under the NSF award must contain the applicable provisions identified in 2 CFR § 200 Appendix II. g. Meals and Coffee Breaks. Meals that are an integral and necessary part of a conference (e.g., working meals where business is transacted). Gordon (NAVITAS)? Funds may be included for furnishing a reasonable amount of hot beverages or soft drinks to conference participants and attendees during periodic coffee breaks. The following provides a listing of the essay essays of Central Florida, types of costs that are not allowable for inclusion on a conference budget. a. Meals and Coffee Breaks for Intramural Meetings. NSF funds may not be included or spent for meals or coffee breaks for intramural meetings of an organization or any of its components, including, but not limited to, laboratories, departments and centers, as a direct cost. b. Intellectual Institut Rosenberg? Entertainment. Costs of entertainment, amusement, diversion and social activities (such as tickets to essay essays University of Central Florida shows or sporting events, meals, lodging, rentals, transportation and essay writing Rossall School, gratuities) are unallowable and may not be requested. Travel, meal, and hotel expenses of awardee employees who are not on travel status also are not permitted. Costs of employees on essay University travel status are limited to those specifically authorized by of an article Nuova di Belle, 2 CFR § 200.474.

c. Alcoholic Beverages. NSF funds may not be proposed for alcoholic beverages. Current and essay essays University of Central, Pending Support: The support requested or available from other Federal agencies and other sources. GPG Chapter II.C.2.h should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal. If included, these resources will not be auditable and must not be included in the proposal budget or budget justification. A description of such support should be included in difficulties in writing Edith Cowan University, the Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources section of the proposal. (See GPG Chapter II.C.2.g.(xi) for essay essays of Central, further information.)

Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources: If there will be support from other sources for the conference, such information should be included in the Facilities, Equipment and write Robert (NAVITAS), Other Resources section of the proposal. University Of Central? The description should be narrative in nature and critical reviews Roedean, must not include any quantifiable financial information. GPG Chapter II.C.2.i should be consulted to prepare this portion of the essay University, proposal. Data Management Plan: Plans for management and sharing of essay writing any data products resulting from the activity. Essay Essays Of Central Florida? GPG Chapter II.C.2.j should be consulted to prepare this portion of the proposal. 10.

International Travel Proposals. Proposals for travel support for US participation in international scientific and engineering meetings held abroad are handled by the NSF organizational unit with program responsibility for Roedean, the area of interest. Group travel awards are encouraged as the primary means of support for international travel. A university, professional society or other non-profit organization may apply for funds to enable it to essay of Central Florida coordinate and support US participation in one or more international scientific meeting(s) abroad. Proposals submitted for this purpose should address the same items as those indicated for conferences (see Section 9 above), with particular attention to plans for composition and recruitment of the travel group. Information on planned speakers should be provided where available from the conference organizer. Similar to proposals for synopsis Nuova Accademia Milano, conferences, symposia, or workshops, if any section is not required, insert text or upload a document in that section of the proposal that states, Not Applicable. Group travel proposals may request support only for the international travel costs of the Florida, proposed activity. Institut Auf Dem? Group travel grantees are required to retain supporting documentation that funds were spent in accordance with the Florida, original intent of the proposal.

Such documentation may be required in final reports and synopsis of an Milano, is subject to audit. 11. Support for essay, Development of NSF Centers. NSF provides support for a variety of individual Centers and international writing competition, Centers programs that contribute to the Foundation's vision as outlined in the NSF Strategic Plan. Centers exploit opportunities in science, engineering and essays of Central Florida, technology in which the complexity of the research problem(s) or the resources needed to solve the(se) problem(s) require the advantages of scope, scale, change, duration, equipment, facilities, and intellectual thinking Institut Rosenberg, students that can only be provided by essay University Florida, an academic research center. They focus on in writing Cowan University investigations at the frontiers of knowledge not normally attainable through individual investigations, at the interfaces of disciplines and/or by essays Florida, incorporating fresh approaches to critical reviews the core of disciplines. Centers focus on integrative learning and discovery and essay of Central, demonstrate leadership in broadening participation through focused investments in a diverse set of partner organizations and individuals. In doing so, they draw upon, and contribute to, the development of the Nation's full intellectual talent. Most Center awards are limited to a maximum duration of ten years and are often subject to mid-course external merit review.

Proposers interested in learning more about current or future NSF Centers are encouraged to contact the appropriate disciplinary NSF Program Officer. 12. Support for Development of Major Research Equipment and Facilities. As an integral part of write topic Robert (NAVITAS) its responsibility for strengthening the science and engineering infrastructure of the essay of Central, country, NSF provides support for the construction and operation of major research equipment and facilities. NSF depends on school articles International School the research communities to provide the justification, planning, development, and implementation of facility projects.

This normally occurs through National Academies studies, workshop reports, professional society activities, and essay essays, other community-based mechanisms, including engineering studies and research projects related to the development of new technologies. Many of these mechanisms are funded by interested NSF Programs on the basis of write essay topic merit-reviewed proposals. Essay? The construction funding mechanism depends on intellectual thinking Institut Rosenberg the scale of the essay essays University of Central, proposed facility. For large facilities construction, the Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction (MREFC) account is one option. Proposers are strongly encouraged to contact the appropriate NSF Program to discuss the availability of funding and the appropriate funding mechanisms in advance of proposal submission. 13.

Projects Requiring High-Performance Computing Resources, Large Amounts of Data Storage, or Advanced Visualization Resources. Many research projects require access to computational, data storage or visualization resources in order to complete the work proposed. For those projects that require such resources at a scale that is beyond that typically available locally, NSF supports a number of resources. Reviews School? For the most computationally intensive projects, the essays, Blue Waters system at University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign, is the most suitable. Blue Waters is designed to support a small number ( 50) of of an NABA, Accademia di Belle Arti Milano research teams involved with projects requiring the University Florida, most advanced computational and data resources. Currently, the international essay writing competition, allocation process for essays University, that resource is done directly via proposal submission to writing School the cognizant Program Officer in the Division of essay University Florida Advanced CyberInfrastructure within the write essay topic Robert, NSF Directorate for Computer Information Science Engineering.

Proposals are reviewed for both their scientific and computational needs. The Blue Waters supercomputer provides sustained performance of 1 petaflop on essay of Central a range of real-world science and engineering applications. It is one of the most powerful supercomputers in the world. Those interested should visit the Blue Waters portal (https://bluewaters.ncsa.illinois.edu/) for more details of the system's hardware and capabilities. Yellowstone, which is part of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, is a significant resource, 1.5 petaflop peak speed, but one that is designed to meet the needs of the atmospheric and related-sciences communities. Yellowstone operates its own allocations process and those interested in obtaining time and/or storage should consult the cognizant program director in the Division of international essay writing competition Atmospheric and essay of Central, Geospace Sciences within the Geosciences Directorate. The most general set of computational and data resources funded by the NSF are accessible through the XSEDE project. Berlin Brandenburg International? XSEDE provides the integrating fabric for a collection of very powerful supercomputers, a high-throughput computing environment, high-volume data storage facilities, advanced visualization services, connected by a high-bandwidth private network, a training education and outreach program in University, how to use its services and an extended collaborative support program to assist researchers in using the advanced computational resources. The physical resources themselves are provided by Service Providers (SP) via separate awards from the NSF. Allocations of those resources for harvard school articles Berlin School, large projects are determined by the XSEDE Resource Advisory Committee, which meets quarterly, using an external set of experts.

Smaller requests do not require a proposal or review and a simple on-line process may be used to essays University request such an allocation. NSF encourages prospective users to seek more information at https://www.xsede.org, where they can also register for a portal account. 14. Dual Use Research of Concern (DURC) This section applies to all research, for which NSF grant funds may be used, that potentially falls within the scope of the write Robert (NAVITAS), US Government Policy for Institutional Oversight of Life Sciences Dual Use Research of Concern as published in September, 2014, hereafter referred to as the Policy. NSF is committed to University of Central Florida preserving the benefits of life sciences research while minimizing the risk of Cowan misuse of the essays, knowledge, information, products, or technologies provided by such research. The purpose of NSF’s implementation of the difficulties in writing Cowan, Policy is to clarify proposer expectations about NSF-funded research with certain high-consequence pathogens and toxins with potential to be considered dual use research of concern.

Proposing organizations are responsible for essay essays University of Central, identifying NSF-funded life sciences proposals that could potentially be considered dual use research of concern as defined in the US Government Policy for writing competition School, Institutional Oversight of essay essays University Life Sciences Dual Use Research of Concern and for compliance with the requirements established in that Policy. (See also AAG Chapter VI.B.5 for additional information.) Exhibit II-1: Proposal Preparation Checklist. It is imperative that all proposals conform to the proposal preparation and submission instructions specified in the Grant Proposal Guide . Conformance with all preparation and submission instructions is difficulties Cowan, required and will be strictly enforced unless a deviation has been approved in advance of proposal submission. Note that some NSF program solicitations modify the general provisions of the essay Florida, GPG, and in such cases, the guidelines provided in the solicitation must be followed. FastLane uses the rules specified for each type of proposal, (e.g., RAPID, EAGER, Ideas Lab, Equipment, Conference, and International Travel) to Edith check for compliance prior to submission to NSF. Proposers are strongly advised to review the applicable sections of the GPG pertinent to the type of essays University of Central Florida proposal being developed PRIOR to submission. NSF will not accept 34 or will return without review proposals that are not consistent with these instructions.

See GPG Chapter IV.B for additional information. Prior to submission, it is strongly recommended that an administrative review be conducted to ensure that proposals comply with the instructions, in the format specified. Critical Roedean School? This checklist is not intended to be an all-inclusive repetition of the University Florida, required proposal contents and associated proposal preparation guidelines. Article Accademia Arti? It is, however, meant to essay of Central highlight certain critical items so they will not be overlooked when the proposal is prepared. [ ] The proposal is responsive to and compliant with the provisions in synopsis of an article NABA, Nuova Milano, the program description, announcement, or solicitation. [ ] If the proposal has been previously declined and is being resubmitted, the proposal has been revised to essays take into account the major comments from the prior NSF review. [ ] The proposed work is appropriate for funding by NSF, and is not a duplicate of, or substantially similar to, a proposal already under consideration by NSF from the same submitter. [ ] The proposal will be submitted by 5 p.m. submitter's local time on Institut Rosenberg the established deadline date.

[ ] Single Copy Documents: [ ] Authorization to essay essays of Central Deviate from NSF Proposal Preparation Requirements (if applicable). [ ] List of Suggested Reviewers, or Reviewers Not To Include has been provided (if applicable). [ ] Collaborators and other Affiliation information has been provided for each individual identified as senior project personnel. [ ] For interdisciplinary proposals, ensure all relevant programs are identified. [ ] For renewal proposals, previous award numbers have been entered. [ ] Related preliminary proposal number has been entered (if applicable). [ ] Appropriate box(es) have been checked, and requisite information has been provided. [ ] The Project Summary may ONLY be uploaded as a Supplementary Document if use of special characters is necessary. Such Project Summaries must be formatted with separate headings for Overview, Intellectual Merit and intellectual Institut auf dem, Broader Impacts.

[ ] Project Description does not exceed the page limitations specified in the GPG or solicitation. [ ] Project Description contains, as a separate section within the narrative, a section labeled Broader Impacts. [ ] Results from Prior NSF Support have been provided for PIs and co-PIs who have received NSF support within the last five years. Results related to Intellectual Merit and Broader Impacts are described under two separate, distinct headings. [ ] This section includes bibliographic citations only and does not provide parenthetical information outside of the 15-page Project Description. [ ] Each reference is in the specified format.

[ ] The content described is in accordance with the University of Central, instructions, and does not contain additional information beyond that specified. [ ] Each budget line item is documented and justified in the budget justification. [ ] Unless required by an NSF program solicitation, voluntary committed cost sharing has not been included. Note that voluntary committed cost sharing is international essay competition, prohibited and essay essays University of Central, Line M on critical Roedean the proposal budget will not be available for use by the proposer. University? While not required by synopsis article Accademia di Belle Milano, NSF, proposing organizations may, at essays University of Central Florida their own discretion, continue to contribute voluntary uncommitted cost sharing to NSF-sponsored projects. These resources are not auditable by NSF and Roedean, should not be included in the proposal budget or budget justification. [ ] Current and Pending Support : [ ] All current and pending support from essay Florida whatever source (e.g., Federal, State, local or foreign government agencies, public or private foundations, industrial or other commercial organizations, or internal funds allocated toward specific projects) must be listed. The proposed project and all other projects or activities requiring a portion of time of the international essay Rossall School, PI and other senior personnel must be included, even if they receive no salary support from the essays of Central, project(s).

[ ] Facilities, Equipment and Other Resources: [ ] An aggregated description of the international writing Rossall, internal and external resources (both physical and personnel) that the organization and its collaborators will provide to the project, should it be funded, has been included. [ ] No quantifiable financial information has been provided. [ ] If there are no facilities, equipment or other resources identified, a statement to University that effect has been included in this section of the proposal and uploaded into critical reviews Roedean School, FastLane. [ ] Special Information and essays University Florida, Supplementary Documentation: [ ] The types of information identified in GPG Chapter II.C.2.j have been included, as appropriate. [ ] Any additional items specified in a relevant program solicitation have been included. Exhibit II-2: Potentially Disqualifying Conflicts of Interest. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a reviewer cannot review a proposal if: the reviewer, the reviewer’s spouse, minor child, or business partner; the organization where the reviewer is employed, has an synopsis article NABA, di Belle Arti Milano, arrangement for future employment or is negotiating for essays of Central Florida, employment; or. the organization where the reviewer is an officer, director, trustee, or partner, has a financial interest in the outcome of the proposal. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a potential reviewer also may be barred from reviewing a proposal, if it involves individuals with whom he/she has a personal relationship, such as a close relative, current or former collaborator, or former thesis student/advisor. Unless a waiver has been granted by NSF, a disqualifying conflict may exist, if a proposal involves an school articles International, organization or other entity with which the potential reviewer has a connection. Such potentially disqualifying connections include: a reviewer’s recent former employer; an organization in which the reviewer is an active participant; an institution at which the reviewer is currently enrolled as a student, or at which he/she serves as a visiting committee member; or.

an entity with which the essay University of Central Florida, reviewer has or seeks some other business or financial relationship (including receipt of an honorarium.) Exhibit II-3: Drug-Free Workplace Certification. Instructions for Certification. By signing the international competition, NSF Cover Sheet and submitting this proposal, the Authorized Organizational Representative is providing the certifications set out below. The certification set out below is a material representation of fact upon which reliance was placed when the agency determined to award the grant. If it is later determined that the grantee knowingly rendered a false certification, or otherwise violates the requirements of the Drug-Free Workplace Act, the agency, in addition to any other remedies available to essay essays University of Central the Federal Government, may take action authorized under the Drug-Free Workplace Act. For grantees other than individuals, Alternate I applies. For grantees who are individuals, Alternate II applies. Certification Regarding Drug-Free Workplace Requirements. Alternate I (Grantees Other Than Individuals)

The grantee certifies that it will or will continue to provide a drug-free workplace by: (a) Publishing a statement notifying employees that the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of a controlled substance is prohibited in the grantee’s workplace and specifying the actions that will be taken against employees for violation of write such prohibition; (b) Establishing an ongoing drug-free awareness program to inform employees about -- (1) The dangers of of Central drug abuse in the workplace; (2) The grantee’s policy of maintaining a drug-free workplace; (3) Any available drug counseling, rehabilitation and employee assistance programs; and. (4) The penalties that may be imposed upon employees for drug abuse violations occurring in the workplace; (c) Making it a requirement that each employee to be engaged in the performance of the articles International School, grant be given a copy of the statement required by paragraph (a); (d) Notifying the employee in the statement required by paragraph (a) that, as a condition of employment under the grant, the employee will -- (1) Abide by the terms of the statement; and. (2) Notify the employer in writing of essay University of Central Florida his or her conviction for international competition School, a violation of a criminal drug statute occurring in the workplace, no later than five calendar days after such conviction; (e) Notifying the agency in writing, within 10 calendar days after receiving notice under subparagraph (d)(2) from an employee or otherwise receiving actual notice of essay essays University of Central Florida such conviction. Employers of convicted employees must provide notice, including position title, to every grant officer or other designee on whose grant activity the of an article NABA, Accademia Milano, convicted employee was working, unless the Federal agency has designated a central point for the receipt of such notices. Essay Essays University Of Central? Notice shall include the identification number(s) of harvard business Brandenburg each affected grant; (f) Taking one of the following actions, within 30 calendar days of receiving notice under subparagraph (d)(2), with respect to any employee who is essay essays University Florida, so convicted-- (1) Taking appropriate personnel action against such an employee, up to and including termination, consistent with the requirements of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended; or. (2) Requiring such employee to participate satisfactorily in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation program approved for such purposes by NABA, Nuova, a Federal, State, or local health, law enforcement, or other appropriate agency; (g) Making a good faith effort to continue to maintain a drug-free workplace through implementation of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f). Alternate II (Grantees Who Are Individuals) (a) The grantee certifies that, as a condition of the grant, he or she will not engage in the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of a controlled substance in conducting any activity with the grant. (b) If convicted of a criminal drug offense resulting from a violation occurring during the conduct of any grant activity, he or she will report the conviction, in writing, within 10 calendar days of the conviction, to every grant officer or other designee, unless the essays University of Central Florida, Federal agency designates a central point for critical reviews, the receipt of such notices. When notice is made to such a central point, it shall include the essays University Florida, identification number(s) of each affected grant. For NSF, grantee notification should be made to the Cost Analysis Audit Resolution Branch, Division of Institution Award Support, NSF, Arlington, VA 22230. Exhibit II-4: Debarment and Suspension Certification.

Instruction on Certification Regarding Debarment and Suspension. By signing and submitting this proposal, the write topic Robert Gordon University, prospective primary participant is providing the certification set out below. The inability of a person to provide the certification required below will not necessarily result in denial of participation in this covered transaction. The prospective participant shall submit an explanation of essay University of Central Florida why it cannot provide the intellectual auf dem, certification set out essay essays University Florida, below. The certification or explanation will be considered in connection with the department or agency's determination whether to business School enter into this transaction. However, failure of the essays Florida, prospective primary participant to thinking Institut auf dem furnish a certification or an explanation shall disqualify such person from of Central Florida participation in this transaction.

The certification in Robert University, this clause is any material representation of fact upon which reliance was placed when the department or agency determined to enter into essays University of Central, this transaction. If it is later determined that the prospective primary participant knowingly rendered an erroneous certification, in write topic Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), addition to essays University other remedies available to the Federal Government, the department or agency may terminate this transaction for cause or default. The prospective primary participant shall provide immediate written notice to the department or agency to NABA, Nuova whom this proposal is submitted if at any time the prospective primary participant learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted or has become erroneous by reason of changed circumstances. The terms covered transaction, debarred, suspended, ineligible, lower tier covered transaction, participant, person, primary covered transaction, principal, proposal, and essays, voluntarily excluded, as used in this clause, have the meanings set out in the Definitions and critical reviews, Coverage sections of the rules implementing Executive Order 12549. You may contact the essays University of Central, department or agency to which this proposal is synopsis of an article Nuova Accademia Arti Milano, being submitted for assistance in obtaining a copy of those regulations. The prospective primary participant agrees by submitting this proposal that, should the proposed covered transaction be entered into, it shall not knowingly enter into any lower tier covered transaction with a person who is debarred, suspended, declared ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from participation in this covered transaction, unless authorized by the department or agency entering into this transaction. The prospective primary participant further agrees by submitting this proposal that it will include the clause titled Certification Regarding Debarment, Suspension, Ineligibility and Voluntary Exclusion - Lower Tier Covered Transaction, provided by the department or agency entering into this covered transaction, without modification, in all lower tier covered transactions.

A participant in a covered transaction may rely upon a certification of essay essays of Central Florida a prospective participant in a lower tier covered transaction that it is write Gordon (NAVITAS), not debarred, suspended, ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from the covered transaction, unless it knows that the certification is erroneous. A participant may decide the method and frequency by essay essays Florida, which it determines the eligibility of its principals. Roedean? Each participant may, but is not required to, check the Nonprocurement List. Nothing contained in the foregoing shall be construed to essay of Central require establishment of a system of records in order to in writing render in good faith the certification required by this clause. The knowledge and information of a participant is not required to exceed that which is normally possessed by a prudent person in Florida, the ordinary course of business dealings. Except for transactions authorized under paragraph 6 of these instructions, if a participant in a covered transaction knowingly enters into Gordon, a lower tier covered transaction with a person who is suspended, debarred, ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from essay participation in business school articles Berlin Brandenburg, this transaction, in addition to other remedies available to the Federal Government, the department or agency may terminate this transaction for cause or default. (1) The prospective primary participant certifies to the best of its knowledge and belief, that it and its principals: (a) Are not presently debarred, suspended, proposed for debarment, declared ineligible, or voluntarily excluded from a covered transaction by Florida, any Federal department or agency; (b) Have not within a three-year period preceding this proposal been convicted of synopsis Accademia di Belle Arti or had a civil judgment rendered against them for commission of fraud or a criminal offense in connection with obtaining, attempting to obtain, or performing a public (Federal, State or local) transaction or contract under a public transaction; violation of Federal or State antitrust statutes or commission of embezzlement, theft, forgery, bribery, falsification or destruction of records, making false statements, or receiving stolen property; (c) Are not presently indicted for or otherwise criminally or civilly charged by a governmental entity (Federal, State or local) with commission of any of the offenses enumerated in paragraph (1)(b) of this certification; and (d) Have not within a three-year period preceding this application/proposal had one or more public transactions (Federal, State or local) terminated for cause or default. (2) Where the prospective primary participant is unable to certify to any of the statements in this certification, such prospective participant shall include an explanation with this proposal. Exhibit II-5: Lobbying Certification. Instructions on Certification Regarding Lobbying.

This certification is required for an award of a Federal contract, grant or cooperative agreement exceeding $100,000 and for an award of a Federal loan or a commitment providing for the United States to essays of Central Florida insure or guarantee a loan exceeding $150,000. The Certification for write topic Robert Gordon (NAVITAS), Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements also is included in full text on the FastLane submission screen. Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans and Cooperative Agreements. The undersigned certifies, to the best of essays University of Central Florida his or her knowledge and belief, that: (1) No Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid, by or on behalf of the undersigned, to any person for influencing or attempting to influence an thinking auf dem, officer or employee of any agency, a Member of Congress, an officer or employee of essay essays University Congress, or an employee of international essay writing a Member of essays of Central Florida Congress in write Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), connection with the awarding of any federal contract, the essays Florida, making of any Federal grant, the essay writing competition, making of any Federal loan, the entering into of any cooperative agreement, and the extension, continuation, renewal, amendment, or modification of essay essays University of Central Florida any Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement. (2) If any funds other than Federal appropriated funds have been paid or will be paid to any person for influencing or attempting to influence an officer or employee of any agency, a Member of Congress, an critical School, officer or employee of Congress, or an employee of a Member of essay essays University Florida Congress in connection with this Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement, the undersigned shall complete and submit Standard Form LLL, “Disclosure of Lobbying Activities,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The undersigned shall require that the language of this certification be included in the award documents for all subawards at all tiers including subcontracts, subgrants, and critical reviews Roedean School, contracts under grants, loans, and cooperative agreements and that all subrecipients shall certify and disclose accordingly.

This certification is a material representation of fact upon essay essays, which reliance was placed when this transaction was made or entered into. Submission of this certification is harvard school articles International, a prerequisite for making or entering into this transaction imposed by Section 1352, Title 31, US Code. Any person who fails to file the required certification shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than $10,000 and not more than $100,000 for each such failure. Exhibit II-6: Nondiscrimination Certification. Instructions for Nondiscrimination Certification. In accordance with NSF policy, by of Central Florida, signing the proposal, the School, Authorized Organizational Representative is providing the essay essays University of Central, requisite Certification of Compliance with National Science Foundation Nondiscrimination Regulations and Policies. This Certification sets forth the nondiscrimination obligations with which all awardees must comply. Essay Writing School? These obligations also apply to subrecipients, subgrantees, and subcontractors under the award.

The proposer therefore, shall obtain the NSF Nondiscrimination Certification from each organization that applies to essays be, or serves as a subrecipient, subgrantee or subcontractor under the award (for other than the provision of commercially available supplies, materials, equipment or general support services) prior to entering into the subaward arrangement. The proposer shall provide immediate notice to the Foundation if at any time the proposer learns that its certification was erroneous when submitted, or has become erroneous by reason of changed circumstances. Certification of Compliance with National Science Foundation Nondiscrimination Regulations and Policies. By signing the business articles Brandenburg International, proposal, the Authorized Organizational Representative hereby certifies that the organization will comply with Title VI of the essays of Central, Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 USC § 2000d), Title IX of the Education Amendments of Institut Rosenberg 1972 (20 USC §§ 1681 et seq.), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 USC § 794), the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 USC §§ 6101 et seq.) and all regulations and policies issued by NSF pursuant to these statutes. To that end, in accordance with the above-referenced nondiscrimination statutes, and NSF’s implementing regulations and policies, no person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age, be excluded from University of Central participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be otherwise subjected to discrimination under any program or activity for which the Proposer receives Federal financial assistance from the synopsis of an NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle, Foundation; and HEREBY CERTIFIES THAT it will immediately take any measures necessary to effectuate this agreement. If any real property or structure thereon is essay of Central Florida, provided or improved with the Roedean School, aid of Federal financial assistance extended to essay essays University Florida the Proposer by the Foundation, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer, or in international competition, the case of any transfer of such property, the transferee, for the period during which the real property or structure is used for essay University Florida, a purpose for which the Federal financial assistance is extended or for another purpose involving the provision of similar services or benefits.

If any personal property is so provided, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer for the period during which it retains ownership or possession of the property. In all other cases, this Certification shall obligate the Proposer for the period during which the Federal financial assistance is synopsis of an article NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle, extended to it by the Foundation. THIS CERTIFICATION is given in consideration of and for the purpose of essays of Central Florida obtaining any and all Federal grants, cooperative agreements, loans, contracts, property, discounts or other Federal financial assistance extended after the date hereof to the Proposer by the Foundation, including installment payments after such date on account of applications for Federal financial assistance which were approved before such date. The Proposer recognizes and agrees that such Federal financial assistance will be extended in reliance on the representations and agreements made in this Certification, and that the business school Brandenburg International School, United States shall have the right to seek judicial enforcement of this Certification. University Of Central Florida? This Certification is binding on the Proposer, its successors, transferees, and assignees. Exhibit II-7: Definitions of essay writing competition School Categories of Personnel. The personnel categories listed on parts A and B of the Proposal Budget are defined as follows:

A. Senior Personnel. 1. (co) PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT DIRECTOR (PI/PD) means the individual(s) designated by the proposer, and approved by NSF, who will be responsible for the scientific or technical direction of the project. NSF does not infer any distinction in essay essays University of Central, scientific stature among multiple PIs, whether referred to as PI or co-PI. If more than one, the first one listed will serve as the contact PI, with whom all communications between NSF program officials and the project relating to synopsis Accademia di Belle the scientific, technical, and budgetary aspects of the project should take place. Essay University Of Central Florida? The PI and in writing Edith Cowan University, any identified co-PIs, however, will be jointly responsible for submission of the requisite project reports. The term Principal Investigator generally is used in research projects, while the term Project Director generally is essay essays University, used in centers, large facilities, and other projects. For purposes of this Guide, PI/co-PI is interchangeable with PD/co-PD. 2. Faculty Associate (faculty member) -- an write essay Gordon University, individual other than the Principal Investigator(s) considered by the performing institution to be a member of its faculty or who holds an appointment as a faculty member at essay University another institution, and who will participate in the project being supported. B. Other Personnel. 1. Postdoctoral (Scholar, Fellow, or Other Postdoctoral Position) -- An individual who has received a doctoral degree (or equivalent) and is engaged in a temporary and defined period of mentored advanced training to write topic University (NAVITAS) enhance the professional skills and essays of Central, research independence needed to pursue his or her chosen career path. Postdoctoral scholars not identified under Senior Personnel above should be listed as Other Personnel.

2. Other Professional -- a person who may or may not hold a doctoral degree or its equivalent, who is write topic Robert Gordon, considered a professional and University, is not reported as a Principal Investigator, faculty associate, postdoctoral scholar or student. Examples of persons included in this category are doctoral associates not reported under B1, professional technicians, physicians, veterinarians, system experts, computer programmers and design engineers. 3. Graduate Student (research assistant) -- a part-time or full-time student working on the project in a research capacity who holds at topic University least a bachelor’s degree and is enrolled in a degree program leading to essays of Central an advanced degree. 4. Undergraduate Student -- a student who is enrolled in a degree program (part-time or full-time) leading to topic Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS) a bachelor’s or associate’s degree. 5. 6. These categories include persons working on the project in a non-research capacity, such as secretaries, clerk-typists, draftsmen, animal caretakers, electricians and custodial personnel regardless of whether they hold a degree or are involved in essay, degree work.

Any personnel category for which NSF funds are requested must indicate, in the parentheses provided on the Proposal Budget, the number of persons expected to receive some support from those funds. 9 Macintosh users also may use Helvetica and Palatino typefaces.Back to Robert Gordon University Text. 10 Further instructions for this process are available in FastLane. University Florida? Back to Text. 11 Detailed instructions for of an Nuova Milano, completion of this process are available in FastLane. Essays University Florida? Back to Text. 12 Detailed instructions submission of the SF LLL are available in write essay Robert Gordon University (NAVITAS), FastLane. Back to essay University of Central Florida Text. 13 A wide array of information exists to help inform development of an institution’s RCR training plan.

For example, many professional societies as well as governmental licensing authorities for professional scientists and engineers have adopted policies or best practices that might be usefully considered. Intellectual Thinking Rosenberg? In addition, research is illuminating existing practices surrounding ethical issues, and providing an evaluation of pedagogical innovations in ethics education. NSF has funded two beta sites (NSF Award 0936857 and NSF Award 0936865) to begin to provide an interactive community online resource on ethics education in essay essays Florida, science and engineering. Back to Text. 14 Proposal Not Accepted is defined as FastLane will not permit submission of the proposal. Back to Text. 15 If the proposal includes use of vertebrate animals, supplemental information is required. See for essay Edith Cowan University, additional information.Back to Text. 16 If the proposal includes GPG Chapter II.D.7 use of human subjects, supplemental information is required. See GPG Chapter II.D.8 for additional information. Back to essay essays Text.

17 Previously referred to as the effective date. Back to Text. 18 NSF awardees remain subject to writing the provisions of OMB M-01-06, Clarification of OMB A-21 Treatment of Voluntary Uncommitted Cost Sharing and Tuition Remission Costs , regarding requirements for committing and tracking some level of faculty (or senior researcher) effort as part of the essay essays, organized research base.Back to Text. 19 Detailed instructions for submission of confidential budgetary information are available in FastLane. Back to Text. 20 According to the IRS, US territories and possessions are as follows: Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Midway Island, Wake Island, Palmyra Island, Howland Island, Johnston Island, Baker Island, Kingman Reef, Jarvis Island, and other US islands, cays, and reefs that are not part of intellectual auf dem any of the fifty states. See also: http://www.irs.gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/Persons-Employed-In-U.S.-Possessions.Back to Text. 21 See AAG Chapter VI.F and essay, Grant General Conditions (GC-1) Article 10 for additional information on critical reviews Roedean travel restrictions.Back to Text. 22 A subaward may be provided through any form of legal agreement, including an agreement that the proposing organization considers a contract.

The substance of the relationship is more important than the form of the agreement.Back to Text. 23 See NSF’s Revised Cost Sharing Policy Statement for the Foundation’s overarching policies on cost sharing. Back to essays University of Central Text. 24 For further information on procedures for topic Robert Gordon, inclusion of programmatic cost sharing in an NSF solicitation, see http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/csdocs/principles.pdf. Essay Essays University? Back to Text.

25 2 CFR § 200.306 describes criteria and procedures for the allowability of cash and in-kind contributions in satisfying cost sharing and synopsis of an Accademia Arti Milano, matching requirements. Back to Text. 26 For purposes of meeting the mentoring requirement, simultaneously submitted collaborative proposals, and collaborative proposals that include subawards, constitute a single unified project. Therefore, only one mentoring plan may be submitted for the entire project. Back to Text.

27 In situations where a postdoctoral researcher is essays of Central Florida, listed in Section A of the NSF Budget, and is functioning in a Senior Personnel capacity (i.e., responsible for the scientific or technical direction of the project), a mentoring plan is not required. Back to Text. 28 Ideas Labs are generally one to five days in duration. Back to synopsis of an article NABA, Accademia Arti Text. 29 Detailed instructions for the preparation and submission of collaborative proposals are available in FastLane. Back to Text. 30 5 p.m., submitter’s local timeBack to Text.

31 See AAG Chapter IV.D for additional information on the administration of equipment awards. Back to Text. 33 This coverage also applies to symposia and workshop proposals. Back to Text. 34 Proposal Not Accepted is essay of Central, defined as FastLane will not permit submission of the proposal.

Back to Text.

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99 Essay Topics for your Written Exam. IMPORTANT: this article refers to University, the previous EPSO exam system before March 2010 and may only be partially relevant for the new one. Based on our users’ request, we have put together 99 essay topic hints for harvard business school articles Berlin School all 9 ongoing and upcoming written exams. Before examining them in detail, bear in mind the following tips: - It is worth browsing through all topics related to your main one (e.g. if you’re sitting a Law exam, it is worth checking the Public Administration topics too) - We recommend drafting a detailed essay for each of the topics suggested below for your domain by doing thorough research so you’ll be well prepared. - Make sure to read the 12 secrets of writing a powerful essay before starting to University of Central Florida, work on any of the suggested essay topics below. - We strongly recommend checking the notice of competition of your exam where the main topics you’ll be excepted to deal with provide useful hints for your preparation. Click on difficulties essay, your domain below: 1. Describe how your country has been affected by EU membership. 2. Further EU enlargement is the best way forward: argue for or against. 3. Your superior is going to have a business lunch with the Icelandic ambassador in Brussels and asked you to take care of the administrative arrangements. What do you do? 4. You are in charge of essays University, managing the administrative tasks of a tender under the European Cohesion Fund. Which financial, ethical and practical pitfalls would you be exposed to auf dem, and how would you react?

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If you were the European Commission’s President, which three political priorities would you present to the European Parliament for the next five years and why? 12. The so-called Services Directive had been adopted after long political discussions. What does this directive provide and why was it controversial? 13.

The EU will review its Lisbon Strategy in essays Spring 2010. What benchmarks should be used to improve Europe’s competitiveness in the global arena? 14. The role of “impact assessments” in the EU policy making. 15. New improved ways of democratic policy making introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon. 1. Describe the EU's actions regarding credit rating agencies and banks in its efforts to tackle the harvard school articles Berlin Brandenburg International School, financial crisis. 2. Essay Florida. The European Commission’s plans to enhance financial supervision in Europe based on the De Larosiere report. 3. Critical Reviews Roedean. The excessive deficit procedure and the Maastricht convergence criteria must be observed under all circumstances: argue for or against. 4. You are asked to prepare a speech for the Chairman of the European Parliament’s economic affairs committee on “why any form of protectionism is wrong in University of Central the EU”.

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Creating A Killer Online Portfolio Website Using WordPress. If you’ve ever looked for a job in a creative field, you’ve likely seen those job ads. Essay Essays Of Central Florida? You know the ones that ask for your resume and thinking auf dem Rosenberg your portfolio? As if a resume weren’t bad enough, right? Throw a portfolio into the mix and it’s enough to essay essays University Florida, send creative types running for difficulties essay Edith Cowan University, the hills. Organization! Structure! The horror!

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Just like you would in an art gallery! Request a quote. Essay Topic Robert University? The best portfolios include some kind of contact information on essays of Central Florida, them. How else do you expect to difficulties Edith University, land a new client? If somebody has to poke around your site for a long time to find an email address or contact form, you’re not doing yourself any favors, let’s be honest here. Create a dedicated contact page that displays all of your relevant details, including your social media links. A contact form where people can leave details about their project needs might also be relevant, depending on your specific industry.

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Integrating Your Portfolio Community Profile. Sometimes the task of building a portfolio on your WordPress site is daunting because you already have one on a portfolio community site. And if you’ve built up a good following there, it can feel like all of that hard work you put into the community-building aspect will go to waste. Thankfully, there are a few plugins out there that let you integrate your portfolio site profile into your WordPress site with relative ease. Not all of these will allow you to create dedicated portfolio pages but they do at least give you the reviews Roedean School, opportunity to make a connection to the community site profile.

If you already have a portfolio built on Behance, then you might just want to import it directly into essay essays University your WordPress site instead of dealing with two separate entities all the reviews Roedean, time. That’s where Behance Portfolio for WordPress comes in handy. This plugin is easy to set up and only costs $15. Have a presence on essay University, deviantART already established? Then you might be able to critical reviews School, make use of the deviantART Widget. It’ll set you back $9 but with it you can insert your latest gallery or favorites in a widget on your site. This won’t make for the most robust portfolio, of course, but it is a good way to essay University Florida, at least integrate your deviantART presence onto your WordPress site without having to international writing Rossall School, manually bring the content over. The Awesome Flickr Gallery plugin makes it simple to essays University, add any portfolio you’ve established on Flickr onto your WordPress site.

You can use photos from your Flickr Photostream, Gallery, Group, or Photoset. You can even build a gallery based off of tags. Crop images, set image sizes, and use custom CSS if you want. Not too shabby for a free plugin, I’ve got to say. A quick way to intellectual thinking Institut auf dem Rosenberg, get a portfolio set up is to just use a theme dedicated to University of Central Florida, its creation. Portfolio themes come in a wide variety of styles. International Essay Writing Rossall? Some are free and some are premium. I highly suggest you look through several options before making a decision, especially if you plan on shelling out cash. A theme purchase is an investment.

Make it a good one! Folio Black by Authentic Themes is truly stunning. And the best part of it is how simple the presentation is. No fancy stuff here at essays of Central Florida, all. Just straightforward design that serves to lift up the pieces to be featured in the portfolio. That’s it. Synopsis NABA,? Features include a gallery slider, various shortcodes, robust theme options, and the ability to Florida, set the whole thing to difficulties essay Edith University, full-width. Our very own Divi theme is designed to serve a variety of functions, one of University of Central, which is to act as a portfolio. Using the Divi Builder, you can create any kind of site you want from critical reviews Roedean School, a simple blog to a robust portfolio. Here’s an example of a portfolio layout. The idea here is to make it so you don’t even have to look at code to make a beautiful website.

Beyond the portfolio layout, Divi comes with 18 layouts total that you can then build on top of to create a custom site. Each layout is responsive and essay can be customized using Divi modules. The sky’s the limit here, folks. The Lilith theme by write essay Robert University Bluxart is a true visual feast. It’s responsive, flat, and looks super creative. Though it can be used for an agency or blog site, it’s also completely perfect for a portfolio. Select from grid, masonry, striped, or wall layouts to best suit your purposes. This theme includes a page builder, theme options, Revolution slider, and plenty of short codes to streamline development.

Lilith is built on essay essays University, Boostrap 3.0 and includes WooCommerce and WPML Multi Language Plugin support. Akin by difficulties Cowan Bitfade is a minimalist theme that includes a parallax header and Ajax portfolio so you can build a stylish site that best highlights your past work and services. Essay Essays University? The typography is stylish, the layout simple. And you can use the of an article NABA, Nuova Accademia, built-in page builder to achieve precisely the essays of Central Florida, look you want. Akin will cost you $43 but the smooth hover effects and one page simplicity might just be enough to win you over. Another Elegant Themes selection, Origin was designed with portfolios in mind. And call me biased, but I think it’s pretty beautiful.

Sporting a grid layout, this theme lets you put your best work on display in a big way. It’s responsive and super customizable. Included page templates let you build feature-rich pages without having to dig into code. Difficulties Essay Cowan? Beyond a portfolio, you can also build a contact page, a gallery, a blog feed, a sitemap, and more. If you’ve ever thought the barrier to building a portfolio on essays, WordPress was too high, I hope after reading this article you’re changing your tune. WordPress makes it so easy to intellectual auf dem Rosenberg, build a portfolio, it’s not even funny. And I’m not just talking about cobbling together some rinky-dink layout, either. I’m talking a full-featured, aesthetically pleasing experience that works hard to University, sell potential clients on your work and on your services. From defining your goals to selecting from plugin and theme-based solutions, you should now have a thorough understanding of how to build a portfolio that’ll serve you and your business well. But now I’m curious: did I miss anything? Is there a plugin or theme that you just can’t live without?

Please share your ideas in the comments below! Article thumbnail image by vasabii / shutterstock.com. I just discovered Go Portfolio (included in your list) and found that it not only allows for filters, but videos can be played in a lightbox without leaving the harvard business Berlin Brandenburg, portfolio page you can also include a link to each video’s page, where a text description and other information can be provided). Do any of the other filterable options you mention include a “play in lightbox” option for videos, perhaps also including the option to essays of Central, add a text description under the essay Cowan, video? I recently finished a portfolio website for master sculptor Lena Toritch. Essays Of Central Florida? I used the Divi theme and a couple of my own custom plugins. I find the challenge with creating portfolio website is that my clients have few good photos to work with. I end up working around best images available or taking new photos when possible. I found the Divi theme enjoyable to work with, and its built in international essay writing Rossall School features really helped show off my clients work. Please see Lena’s portfolio at http://lenatoritch.com.

Thanks for the education Brenda, sincerely, Divi is acting like a James Bond theme in wide wide west! I love every part of her and I need EXTRA #128578; Nick, please make Extra to be compatible with buddypress. I LOVE Divi so much I switched my own website design theme in May, and since then my quote enquiries have resulted in a 100% conversion to client! The amazing team at Elegant Themes make it too easy to essay University of Central, create stunning websites, I’m on to my 7th client site using Divi;) Can’t wait for the Monarch social sharing plugin too!!

This is perfect timing Brenda! I just started a freelance writing business and I’m building my portfolio. I had no idea that it could get this complex. Difficulties In Writing Edith Cowan University? Thanks for essay essays University of Central Florida, another awesome post! Very interesting read. As a photographer I find there is a huge hole in harvard articles Brandenburg the wordpress community for descent portfolio plugins.

Especially for displaying portfolio items in a custom order – as photographers like to do with their work. I’ve managed to get around this by using NextGen Gallery combined with my own custom CSS to create a descent sortable gallery, and essay University of Central place them in ET tabs, which gives users the ability to navigate through portfolio categories without leaving the intellectual thinking Institut auf dem Rosenberg, page. You can view my travel photography portfolio here: Nice solution Clint, that looks and works great! And your photos are even more impressive #128521;

Thanks Amy, very much appreciated your kind words #128578; Thanks for share a valuable information of portfolio plugins. Essay Essays Florida? Before a one month ago I search many plugins for filterable portfolio ( in shortcodes), but didn’t find any genuine plugin that work fine in latest WordPress version. Pretty long post with great information. Learning more about synopsis of an NABA, di Belle Arti Milano portfolio is essay University of Central Florida good. Wow,this is awesome.You provides such a beautiful pieces of intellectual Institut, designs. having completed profile and essay essays University portfolio sites for client I wanted to pass on write Robert (NAVITAS), some insights I have gained. The major one to remember is that the people looking at your client’s site are recruiters and essay of Central they generally do not want to spend more time than they need to in reviewing a potential candidate. This means as a designer you have to make sure the navigation is quick and simple and they can get to the information they want easily. I have found that the Divi theme works very well by creating a one page site with a sidebar navigation linked to the different sections. Use the Divi portfolio module so they quikcky filter and can click through to competition, the projects which you will have created on separate pages..

btw keep up the good work … I love the blogs.. I always read your posts. They are clear and helpful, and I would like to essays Florida, thank you for your shared insights. I have two problems. I’m a DIVI fan.

Therefore I followed your suggestion to use DIVI to create a good portfolio. Your link http://elegantthemes.com/preview/Divi/centered-logo-dark/ display a beautiful layout, but I’m not able to find this layout within the essay writing School, DIVI templates. Could you or someone else give me advise. The second problem appeared with Auto Grid Responsive Gallery. It leads to Envato which is absolutely confusing. With my best regards. Jon, with respect to the Logo – dark site… I suspect this is University of Central just a matter of using the fullwidth section – portfolio ..but I havent tested it yet..will look at this tomorrow.. I agree though .. Looks cool. I had tried a bunch of free plugins and editing my own portfolio. The Go Portfolio is in writing essay Cowan University exactly what I wanted.

Should have come here first! Thanks! Great write up! “The truth of the matter is essay of Central anyone who creates things for a living can make use of a portfolio. I’m talking web designers and developers, here. International Competition? Writers and artists. Architects and engineers. Musicians and essay University Florida dancers.

Anyone, anywhere who makes things for a living needs to have a digital space to represent their work.” I couldn’t agree more!! It amazes me that so many people undermine the power of e-portfolios. Personally, I’ve found great success in using Portfolium. (https://portfolium.com) It allows you to visually showcase your work in an organized and beautiful way.

I brought it into my last job interview using my iPad. The interviewers (aka my current employers) were very impressed! Jon, with respect to the Logo – dark site… I suspect this is just a matter of using the fullwidth section – portfolio ..but I havent tested it yet..will look at this tomorrow.. I agree though .. Looks cool. Anyone knows divi can combine with behance api ? I want to use divi theme to showcase my portfolio, it takes time if I have to repost my portfolio on behance to my own site. I saw on codecanyon, someone sell plugin behance for wordpress. is it support with divi theme if I buy that plugin.

I don’t want to restyle again. because I am not expert for HTML and CSS. I am totally new in Robert the field of building a website, basically never made one. Have been reading up on a lot of theme reviews and trying to understand if this is essay essays University of Central Florida a task I can venture into. My my blog reviews sustainable products, and I have shortlisted some themes, where Divi is #1. One thing I?ve found out is how relatively “easy” Divi is compared to other themes, and difficulties essay Edith was wondering if Ajax media portfolio plugin can be used with the Divi theme? Crossing my finger that someone in this thread understand this far better than me and can enlighten me on this issue:-) Thanks for your post. Looking at essay University of Central, the existing portfolio templates Divi is way better than other suggestion.

We have a made a further look on what a freelancer portfolio website should include in this post and thought it might be worth your readers’ attention: Thanks for your great post. Thank you so much for this post: I’ve been searching high and low for write essay topic Robert University (NAVITAS), this information! Divi is the most powerful theme I have eve seen. Of Central? Thanks to eleganttheme for giving us that type of work. I am transitioning over to Divi from essay Edith University, Optimize Press, absolutely loving the University of Central, new plugin that allows the page builder to be used on other themes.

Can anyone help me to find masonry Portfolio plugin for divi theme… Yes…absolutely very wonderful details for a startup who wants to launch their portfolio website. I personally like Divi which is best option for quick SEO friendly portfolio’s. Thanks a lot… 437,821 Customers Are Already Building Amazing Websites With Divi. Join The Most Empowered WordPress Community On The Web.

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“Crisis” Does NOT Equal “Danger” Plus “Opportunity” There is University Florida, a widespread public misperception, particularly among the New Age sector, that the Chinese word for critical reviews “crisis” is composed of elements that signify “danger” and “opportunity.” I first encountered this curious specimen of alleged oriental wisdom about essay essays Florida, ten years ago at topic Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) an altitude of 35,000 feet sitting next to essays University, an American executive. He was intently studying a bound volume that had adopted this notorious formulation as the basic premise of its method for making increased profits even when the market is falling. At that moment, I didn't have the Institut Rosenberg, heart to disappoint my gullible neighbor who was blissfully imbibing what he assumed were the gems of Far Eastern sagacity enshrined within the pages of his workbook. Now, however, the Florida, damage from this kind of pseudo-profundity has reached such gross proportions that I feel obliged, as a responsible Sinologist, to take counteraction.

A whole industry of pundits and difficulties essay Edith Cowan University therapists has grown up around this one grossly inaccurate statement. Essay Of Central. A casual search of the Web turns up more than a million references to this spurious proverb. Difficulties In Writing Essay Edith Cowan. It appears, often complete with Chinese characters, on the covers of essay University of Central Florida, books, on advertisements for seminars, on expensive courses for “thinking outside of the critical Roedean School, box,” and practically everywhere one turns in the world of quick-buck business, pop psychology, and essays of Central orientalist hocus-pocus. International Writing School. This catchy expression (Crisis = Danger + Opportunity) has rapidly become nearly as ubiquitous as The Tao of Pooh and Sun Zi's Art of War for the Board / Bed / Bath / Whichever Room. The explication of the Chinese word for crisis as made up of two components signifying danger and opportunity is due partly to essay essays of Central Florida, wishful thinking, but mainly to a fundamental misunderstanding about how terms are formed in synopsis of an Nuova di Belle, Mandarin and other Sinitic languages.

For example, one of the most popular websites centered on this mistaken notion about the Chinese word for crisis explains: “The top part of the Chinese Ideogram for 'Crisis' is the symbol for essay Florida 'Danger': The bottom symbol represents 'Opportunity'.” Among the most egregious of the radical errors in this statement is the use of the essay writing Rossall, exotic term “Ideogram” to refer to Chinese characters. Linguists and writing theorists avoid “ideogram” as a descriptive referent for hanzi (Mandarin) / kanji (Japanese) / hanja (Korean) because only an exceedingly small proportion of them actually convey ideas directly through their shapes. (For similar reasons, the essay essays of Central, same caveat holds for another frequently encountered label, pictogram.) It is far better to refer to intellectual Institut, the hanzi / kanji / hanja as logographs, sinographs, hanograms, tetragraphs (from their square shapes [i.e., as fangkuaizi ]), morphosyllabographs, etc., or since most of those renditions may strike the of Central Florida, average reader as unduly arcane or clunky simply as characters. The second misconception in this formulation is that the author seems to take the Chinese word for crisis as a single graph, referring to it as “the Chinese Ideogram for 'crisis'.” Like most Mandarin words, that for “crisis” ( w#275;ij#299; ) consists of two syllables that are written with two separate characters, w#275;i (#21361;) and j#299; (#27231;/#26426;). Chinese character w#275;i. Chinese character j#299; (in traditional form)

Chinese character w#275;i. Chinese character j#299; (in simplified form) The third, and fatal, misapprehension is the critical Roedean, author's definition of j#299; as “opportunity.” While it is true that w#275;ij#299; does indeed mean “crisis” and that the essays University of Central, w#275;i syllable of w#275;ij#299; does convey the notion of “danger,” the competition, j#299; syllable of essay University, w#275;ij#299; most definitely does not signify “opportunity.” Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary defines “opportunity” as: a favorable juncture of circumstances; a good chance for advancement or progress. While that may be what our Pollyanaish advocates of “crisis” as “danger” plus “opportunity” desire j#299; to signify, it means something altogether different. The j#299; of w#275;ij#299; , in fact, means something like “incipient moment; crucial point (when something begins or changes).” Thus, a w#275;ij#299; is indeed a genuine crisis, a dangerous moment, a time when things start to go awry. A w#275;ij#299; indicates a perilous situation when one should be especially wary. It is not a juncture when one goes looking for Arti advantages and benefits. In a crisis, one wants above all to save one's skin and neck!

Any would-be guru who advocates opportunism in the face of essay essays of Central Florida, crisis should be run out of town on a rail, for his / her advice will only essay Robert University (NAVITAS), compound the danger of the crisis. For those who have staked their hopes and careers on the CRISIS = DANGER + OPPORTUNITY formula and essay essays University are loath to abandon their fervent belief in j#299; as signifying “opportunity,” it is essential to list some of the harvard school Berlin, primary meanings of the graph in question. Aside from the notion of “incipient moment” or “crucial point” discussed above, the graph for j#299; by essay essays University Florida, itself indicates “quick-witted(ness); resourceful(ness)” and “machine; device.” In combination with other graphs, however, j#299; can acquire hundreds of secondary meanings. It is Edith University, absolutely crucial to observe that j#299; possesses these secondary meanings only in the multisyllabic terms into which it enters. Essay University Florida. To be specific in the matter under investigation, j#299; added to huì (“occasion”) creates the Mandarin word for “opportunity” ( j#299;huì ), but by reviews Roedean School, itself j#299; does not mean “opportunity.” A w#275;ij#299; in Chinese is every bit as fearsome as a crisis in English. A j#299;huì in Chinese is just as welcome as an essays Florida, opportunity to synopsis of an article NABA, Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti Milano, most folks in America. To confuse a w#275;ij#299; with a j#299;huì is as foolish as to insist that a crisis is the best time to go looking for benefits. If one wishes to wax philosophical about the j#299; of essay Florida, w#275;ij#299; , one might elaborate upon it as the dynamic of NABA, di Belle Milano, a situation's unfolding, when many elements are at play.

In this sense, j#299; is neutral. This j#299; can either turn out for better or for worse, but when coupled with w#275;i the possibility of a highly undesirable outcome (whether in life, disease, finance, or war) is uppermost in the mind of the person who invokes this potent term. For those who are still mystified by essays University, the morphological (i.e., word-building) procedures of Sinitic languages, it might be helpful to provide a parallel case from English. An airplane is a machine that has the difficulties in writing Edith University, capability of essays of Central Florida, flying through the air, but that does not imply that “air” by itself means airplane or that “plane” alone originally signified airplane. (The word “plane” has only essay Robert University, come to essay essays University, mean “airplane” when it functions as a shortened form of the write essay topic Gordon University, latter word.) The first element of the word airplane, like the first element of essays University of Central, w#275;ij#299; , presents no real problems: it is the stuff that makes up our earth's atmosphere. The second element, however, like the second element of w#275;ij#299; , is much trickier. There are at least half a dozen different monosyllabic words in English spelled “plane.” While most of these words are derived from a Latin root meaning “flat” or “level,” they each convey quite different meanings. The “plane” of “airplane” is said to be cognate with the word “planet,” which derives from a Greek word that means “wandering.” A planet is a heavenly body that wanders through space, and international competition Rossall an airplane is a machine that wanders through the air. As Gertrude Stein might have said, “An airplane is an airplane is an essay of Central Florida, airplane.” Neither “air” nor “plane” means “airplane”; only “airplane” means “airplane” - except when “plane” is being used as an international essay School, abbreviation for “airplane”! Likewise, neither w#275;i nor j#299; means w#275;ij#299; ; only essays University of Central Florida, w#275;ij#299; means w#275;ij#299; . These are illustrations of the basic principles of word formation that are common to all languages. When etymological components enter into words, they take on the semantic coloring of their new environment and must be considered in that context. As a matter of essay Cowan University, fact, the University of Central, word “airplane” has a contested etymology (I follow Webster’s Third International), with some authorities believing that it derives from “air” + the apparent feminine of French plan (“flat, level”).

Even with this latter etymon, however, we must recognize that “airplane” does not mean “a flat surface in the air,” but rather it signifies a heavier than air flying machine. Intellectual Thinking Institut Auf Dem. That is to University Florida, say, when entering into a word consisting of two or more morphemes, the constituent elements take on special meanings depending upon their new, overall environment. In “airplane,” the second element no longer means merely “wander” or “flat” — depending upon which etymology you favor. Perhaps it would be worthwhile to offer another example from English that is closer to our Chinese word w#275;ij#299; (“crisis”). Let’s take the –ity component of “opportunity,” “calamity” (“calamity” has a complicated etymology; see the Oxford English Dictionary, Barnhart, etc.), “felicity,” “cordiality,” “hostility,” and so forth. Difficulties In Writing Edith. This –ity is essay, a suffix that is used to form abstract nouns expressing state, quality, or condition.

The words that it helps to form have a vast range of meanings, some of which are completely contradictory. Critical Reviews Roedean. Similarly the –j#299; of w#275;ij#299; by itself does not mean the same thing as w#275;ij#299; (“crisis”), j#299;hui (“opportunity”), and so forth. The signification of j#299; changes according to the environment in which it occurs. The construction of w#275;ij#299; merits further investigation. The nature of this troublesome word will be much better understood if it is pointed out that, in essays University Florida, Mandarin morphology, morphemes are divided into “bound” and “free” types. Essay Gordon. “Bound” morphemes can only occur in combination with other morphemes, whereas “free” morphemes can occur individually.

It just so happens that, in the real world of Mandarin word formation, wei and essays Florida ji are both bound morphemes. They cannot occur independently. Essay Writing Competition Rossall School. Just as the syllable/morphemes cri- and -sis that go together to make up the English word “crisis” cannot exist independently in an English sentence, so too w#275;i and j#299; cannot exist by essays University, themselves in a Mandarin sentence. They can only occur when combined with other word-forming elements, hence f#275;ij#299; (“airplane”), j#299;hui (“chance, opportunity”), w#275;ixi#462;n (“danger”), w#275;ij#299; (“crisis”), and so forth. Now let us look at school articles Berlin Brandenburg International School the morphology of the word “crisis” itself, bearing in mind that it derives from Greek ??#943;??? ( krisis ) “crisis”); the-si-s (“act of putting [down]” “thesis”); ap-he-si-s (“act of letting go” “aphesis” – apo [“off, away”]). Greek -si- is cognate with Sanskrit -ti- . Essay University. Greek -sis endings are nominal and productive (i.e., they can be added to roots to produce new nouns quite readily), and are often used to make abstractions, usually from verbs. If one wants to find a word containing the element j#299; that means “opportunity” (i.e., a favorable juncture of circumstances, or a good chance for advancement), one needs to look elsewhere than w#275;ij#299; , which means precisely “crisis” (viz., a dangerous, critical moment). One might choose, for instance, zhu#462;nj#299; (“turn” + “incipient moment” = “favorable turn; turn for the better”), liángj#299; (“excellent” + “incipient moment” = “opportunity” [!!]), or h#462;o shíj#299; (“good” + “time” + “incipient moment” = “favorable opportunity”). Those who purvey the doctrine that the Chinese word for “crisis” is composed of elements meaning “danger” and “opportunity” are engaging in a type of muddled thinking that is intellectual thinking auf dem Rosenberg, a danger to essay essays University of Central Florida, society, for it lulls people into welcoming crises as unstable situations from topic Robert Gordon (NAVITAS) which they can benefit. University Of Central Florida. Adopting a feel-good attitude toward adversity may not be the most rational, realistic approach to its solution. Finally, to University, those who would persist in disseminating the Florida, potentially perilous, fundamentally fallacious theory that “crisis” = “danger” + “opportunity,” please don't blame it on Chinese!

Pertinent observations for those who are more advanced in Chinese language studies. The word “crisis” enters the English language around 1425 with the meaning of write University (NAVITAS), “turning point in essay essays, a disease,” in a translation of Chauliac’s Grande Chirurgie (Major Surgery). It was borrowed from Latin crisis , which in turn comes from Greek krisis (“a separating, distinguishing, discrimination, decision, judgement”), from krinein (“separate, decide, judge”). Chauliac’s first translation gives it as Old French crise , while the second translation has Latin crisis . The sense of “decisive moment” is first recorded in University, English in of Central Florida, 1627 as a figurative extension of the original medical meaning. In Latin, crisis signified: 1. Critical. a (literary) judgement, 2. a critical stage in one’s life; climacteric. Essays Florida. Since, in the Hippocratic-Galenic medical literature, “crisis” signified “a turning point in a disease; sudden change for better or worse,” this old Greek usage would be somewhat better positioned to serve as a justification for the “danger + opportunity” meme than does Chinese w#275;ij#299; , which is, from the very beginning, always something worrisome and unwanted. The earliest occurrences of the Chinese expression w#275;ij#299; occur in the 3rd century A.D., at which time, and for centuries thereafter, they convey the notion of “latent danger.” It was not until the late 19th and early 20th centuries that w#275;ij#299; came to mean “crisis,” as in intellectual, “financial crisis,” “economic crisis,” and so on. How did this happen? It was almost certainly the result of essay, matching up the old Chinese word w#275;ij#299; (“latent danger”) with the Western concept of “crisis,” and carried out topic Gordon (NAVITAS), through the intermediary of Japanese, where it is pronounced kiki . This would make it another of the hundreds of modern Chinese terms that I refer to as “round-trip words” (see Sino-Platonic Papers , 34 [October, 1992]). Many coinages that made it into essays Florida twentieth-century báihuà (vernacular Mandarin) are based on traditional uses of words. That is to synopsis of an article NABA, Accademia, say, new compounds using j#299; draw on traditional uses of j#299; . There is no traditional use of essay essays University Florida, j#299; that means “opportunity” per se.

J#299;huì is a neologism coined to translate the English word “opportunity.” To say that j#299; means “opportunity” is like saying that the z#333;ng of z#333;ngjiào means “religion” (N.B.: jiào here means “doctrine, teaching”). Z#333;ng traditionally means a line of orthodox transmission, or a clan lineage. It is harvard business articles Berlin Brandenburg International, anachronistic to say that z#333;ng by essay University of Central Florida, itself means “religion.” For numerous examples of international essay writing Rossall School, such calques and neologisms, many (such as those for “economics” and “society”) involving an initial borrowing into University of Central Florida Japanese, and then a reborrowing into Chinese with a completely new, Westernized meaning, see Victor H. Thinking Institut Auf Dem Rosenberg. Mair, “East Asian Round-Trip Words,” Sino-Platonic Papers , 34 (October 1992). Traditional senses of essay University of Central, j#299; include: mechanism, inner workings (and by essay topic, extension secrecy), germinal principle, pivotal juncture, crux, or a witty turn of essay of Central Florida, thought.

This is the same j#299; that was used in the coinage y#466;uj#299; (organic), but we can hardly say that j#299; in and of itself means “organic.” As examples of recent coinages using j#299; in innovative ways, we may cite j#299;zhì , which means “mechanism” or “machine-processed / produced.” There's also another j#299;zhì meaning “quick-witted” where the zhì syllable is written with a different character than the zhì syllable of the j#299;zhì meaning “mechanism.” The latter j#299;zhì is based on international writing competition Rossall School the same sense of j#299; which is used in essay essays, the expression d#462; Chánj#299; to employ the gnomic, witty language of Chan (Zen) Buddhist teaching stories. International Writing Competition School. If anyone is truly interested in sharpening his or her mind to meet the crises of the future, engagement with this kind of challenging wisdom might be a good place to begin. Professor of Chinese Language and Literature. Department of East Asian Languages and essay University Florida Civilizations.