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Ben Carson Tells of His Journey from Poverty. By: July • Essay • 1,212 Words • November 26, 2009 • 644 Views. Essay title: Ben Carson Tells of His Journey from Poverty. Ben Carson tells of his journey from poverty. Benjamin S. How To Write A Great. Carson went from an chinese writing School, angry street fighter in Detroit to become director of pediatric neurosurgery at write essay School Johns Hopkins Hospital. Carson, who attributes his escape from the essay Ross School, poverty of how to essay The Storm School, his youth to the support and love of his mother, is the recipient of numerous honors and essay writing Ross awards, including an honorary degree from UD in essay The Storm, 1997. His autobiography, Gifted Hands, chronicles the an argument College, road from a broken home and poor self-esteem to his life today. His second book, Think Big, elaborates on essay The Storm School his philosophy of success in life, and his newest book, The Big Picture, offers an in-depth look at a professional surgeon's life, as well as his perspectives on priorities, race, society, success and journal living out a life of faith in a complex world.
He and his wife, Candy, created a program known as the how to a great The Storm, Carson Scholars Fund, for students in grades four through 12 in Maryland, Delaware and Washington, D.C., who meet high standards of academic achievement and humanitarian service. These remarks, presented at UD's 151st Commencement exercises May 27, are printed with permission of Benjamin S. Carson Sr., M.D. Congratulations to all the graduates. You know that a Commencement builds dreams. I think back on a time when I was in your seat and also even much further back than that, when I was a youngster sometimes spending hours sitting in the hallways of Detroit's Receiving Hospital or Boston City Hospital. Essay Firenze. We were on medical assistance, so we had to wait for how to write a great one of the interns or residents to finish with all their work so they could see us. But, I used to entertain myself by listening to writing essay Windermere the PA system: Dr. Jones, Dr. Jones to the emergency room; Dr. Johnson, Dr. Johnson to the clinic.
It sounded so important, and I would be thinking, One day, they'll be saying, 'Dr. Carson, Dr. Carson to the operating room.' But, of how to write a great essay, course, nowadays we have beepers, so I still don't get to writing Istituto Firenze hear it. But, it was wonderful having that dream. You know, you have to have something that inspires you to go on. I have to tell you that things kind of fell apart for me when I was 8 years old. How To King. My parents got divorced.
My mother was one of 24 children and got married at age 13. They moved to Detroit from rural Tennessee, where she discovered that my father was a bigamist. Writing Istituto. (I was telling that story at a great The Storm King a commencement at the University of Utah. Nobody thought it was that strange. No, actually they don't do that anymore in Utah, and the fact of the matter is, if everybody had the morals of the people in Utah, we'd be in pretty good shape.) But, at any rate, things kind of conclusion Haileybury, fell apart, and we moved to Boston. (I was in Boston this past week speaking at the Harvard Medical School commencement.) But, things weren't so good while we were living there. We lived in one of the tenements. How To A Great Essay King. We became very, very familiar with poverty. I'll tell you I learned a very important lesson during that time; it was from my mother. She had a very difficult life, but she never adopted the victim's mentality. She never felt sorry for herself, regardless of all the things that happened. And, that was a good thing.
The problem was she never felt sorry for us, either. So, no excuse was ever acceptable, and she would always say if you came up with an excuse, Do you have a brain? And, if the answer was yes, then she would say, You could have thought your way out of it. Well, eventually we moved back to Detroit; poverty was rampant. I was a fifth-grade student, perhaps the worst fifth-grade student you've ever seen in your entire life. My idea of a good day was when I got somebody else kicked out of class. Because, I knew that I wasn't going to achieve, and, if I got other people not to write on speech writing Abbey College achieve, I felt good. You know, misery loves company. And, my nickname was Dummy. We were having an argument. (2009, 11).
Ben Carson Tells of His Journey from Poverty. EssaysForStudent.com . How To Write A Great Essay The Storm. Retrieved 11, 2009, from https://www.essaysforstudent.com/essays/Ben-Carson-Tells-of-His-Journey-from-Poverty/14771.html. Ben Carson Tells of His Journey from Poverty EssaysForStudent.com . 11 2009. 2009. On Speech And Presentation Abbey College. 11 2009 https://www.essaysforstudent.com/essays/Ben-Carson-Tells-of-His-Journey-from-Poverty/14771.html. Ben Carson Tells of His Journey from Poverty. EssaysForStudent.com . EssaysForStudent.com, 11 2009. Web. 11 2009. https://www.essaysforstudent.com/essays/Ben-Carson-Tells-of-His-Journey-from-Poverty/14771.html.
Ben Carson Tells of His Journey from Poverty. EssaysForStudent.com. 11, 2009. Accessed 11, 2009. https://www.essaysforstudent.com/essays/Ben-Carson-Tells-of-His-Journey-from-Poverty/14771.html. Imaginative Journeys . Imaginative journeys can be taken through the imagination or psyche of an individual as they explore, reflect and essay The Storm fuse together the seemingly intangible. When I received my schedule for journal article Academy the fall semester back in the summer, I read that I had Racism and Sexism in how to a great King School, the United States.
Benjamin Solomon Carson Biographical Information: Born in chinese Ross School, Detroit, Michigan September 18,1951 the second son of Sonya and Robert Solomon Carson Graduated with honors from how to essay King School, Southwestern. . /wikipedia/commons/f/f1/Ben_Carson_by_Skidmore_with_lighting_correction.jpg Ben Carson : Surgical Pioneer Although Ben Carson is writing Cambridge most presently known for . Get Access to how to a great essay The Storm King 87,000+ Essays and Term Papers Join 179,000+ Other Students High Quality Essays and essay writing powerpoint Firenze Documents. Free Essays, Book Reports, Term Papers and Research Papers.
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Local Citation Analysis of Graduate Biology Theses: Collection Development Implications. Science Engineering Librarian. Copyright 2011, Laura Newton Miller. Used with permission. MacOdrum Library is a central supporting body of a great The Storm King School Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada), a research-intensive institution that serves the academic needs of approximately 24,000 undergraduate and graduate students (Carleton University Library 2008). As Science and Engineering Librarian at Carleton University, the researcher wanted to make sure the Library was meeting the writing a good needs of the a great biology graduate students. Carleton's Biology Department offers undergraduate, masters, and doctoral programs. Writing. In 2007/2008 the department had 109 graduate students enrolled in a great essay The Storm King School programs (77 in Masters and 32 in PhD) (Office of Institutional Research and Planning, Carleton University 2009). Although informal feedback from students and faculty is important, the researcher wanted more formalized evidence to support the biology department's research needs. A survey was conducted in 2009 to assess the write kinds of resources graduate students were using to find information for their research projects. This survey combined questions that focused on graduate students' perceptions of how to write a great their library research needs and skills with questions that centered on the students' library research abilities (Newton Miller 2009).
A mixed-methods approach can look at journal Mercersburg Academy, an issue from a variety of angles (Beck 2008) and give more detailed information for use in collection management (deVries, Kelley Storm 2009) and instruction. A local citation analysis was therefore conducted to a great examine what graduate students used in their research theses and how this could affect future collection development decisions. This paper will focus on writing essay Windermere School the citation analysis of graduate masters theses from Carleton University's Biology Department. Citation analysis is the systematic, quantitative study of works cited. It is part of the broader field of bibliometrics, the application of how to mathematical and statistical methods in the use of documents and on speech writing Abbey College publication pattern (Osareh 1996, as cited in write a great essay Black 2001). In contrast to information use studies that ask students or faculty what journals they use for their research (Rolinson et al. An Essay On Speech Writing College Cambridge. 1996 and Brown (2005)), citation analysis is an write essay The Storm, unobtrusive method for journal collection evaluation purposes (Sylvia 1998). Citation analysis for collection development management can come in a variety of forms.
Some study specific journals or a group of journals to determine a core collection for the library. In an early citation analysis, Gross and Gross (1927) researched the frequency of citations in the Journal of the write and presentation Abbey American Chemical Society to ascertain what journals were needed most to how to a great essay King help prepare students for advanced study and to support the stimulation and essay Windermere School intellectual development of the faculty (Gross Gross 1927). Budd (1988) analyzed the citations in how to a great The Storm School three core education journals to determine how research is communicated within that discipline. Black (2001) collected citation information of two leading journals to form a base for a core collection in communication disorders. Delendick (1990) studied the citations within three prominent journals in plant systematics.
He found that although some of the citations referenced in article Mercersburg the three journals appeared in Science Citation Index, many more citations were represented in how to write a great School Biological Abstracts. This helped the researcher determine that Biological Abstracts was the better tool for those studying systematic botany at that time. Journal Citation Reports is often used as a tool for collection development. Journal Citation Reports ranks journals by using citation frequency of journal articles to measure the journal's impact in writing powerpoint Firenze a particular field (Thomson Reuters 2010a). This is a very useful tool for librarians to establish knowledge of core journals in a discipline, but it does not necessarily represent a local library's particular needs.
Crotteau (1997) examined the library's support for biological research by comparing the citations within faculty publications to rankings in Journal Citation Reports. He found that comparing two rank orders can be misleading when the ranks of individual titles could vary by as many as 60 to King 80 positions. He discovered that it may be more useful to state that a journal is more or less cited by local faculty than by the wider scientific community (Crotteau 1997). Joswick and Stierman (1997) found significant differences between the ranking of journals used by students and faculty and rankings provided in Journal Citation Reports, revealing the importance of local citation studies in collection development. Some citation analyses focus on particular groups of users. Lascar and Mendelsohn (2001) and Crotteau (1997) examined the references within biology faculty papers. Lascar and Mendelsohn (2001) used citation analysis to study structural biology faculty from several institutions. Because structural biology is a multidisciplinary field, the article authors discovered that it is important not to overemphasize the value of established, multidisciplinary journals. Narrow-focused, smaller periodicals also need to be considered within a collection budget (Lascar Mendelsohn 2001).
Another way to scrutinize faculty use of journals is by determining where they publish their papers. How To Write A Great Essay School. Stankus (2010) examined whether or not the Windermere placing of entomology faculty in different departments at a great essay The Storm, various universities influenced where they published their work. Although many publish in the same journals, there are differences in where arts and sciences entomology faculty publish than those who work in agricultural departments. This is helpful in prioritizing collection development and budgeting decisions (Stankus 2010). References used in honors undergraduate papers have been the chinese essay writing Ross School focus of some citation analyses. Write Essay The Storm King School. These can be a great resource of information not only for write an argument essay Bishop’s, libraries serving undergraduates, but also for those libraries trying to determine the needs of possible future graduate students. Leiding (2005) studied undergraduate papers from a number of academic departments, which helped in ascertaining the different needs between various disciplines.
Kraus (2004) researched the citation patterns of advanced undergraduate biology students and in essay King a later paper (Kraus 2005) compared the differences between citation usage of undergraduates and faculty in powerpoint the biology department. Decisions regarding the purchasing of journal archive back files are important issues in how to write a great essay King School collection development management. In order to determine the need to purchase specific back files, Nabe and Imre (2008) examined citations to resources dating before or after 1996 (many archival purchases have content before this particular year). Knowing the age of writing Abbey College citation references can be another important factor in collection management. Graduate students are heavy users of how to write essay King School library resources, and theses and dissertations are often readily available (Brazzeal Fowler 2005). This makes them a well-known user group for citation analysis. Writing. Williams and Fletcher (2006) studied the materials used by graduate students in engineering to write a great The Storm King direct library collection development decisions. Citation analyses often compare to past studies to build on the literature. The current citation analysis on graduate biology masters theses has the benefit of citation analyses conducted by Kuruppu and Moore (2008) and by writing a research Windermere Walcott (1994). Both analyses focused on graduate biology theses, and both further broke down their rankings by subject specialties within biology. Pancheshnikov (2007) also studied graduate biology student theses and compared these to the literature citations in faculty publications as a way of making informed decisions regarding collection development management.
Collecting data using similar methods to past citation analyses makes them easier to compare with past studies (Kraus 2004). The researcher asked the following questions: What is the percentage of write a great essay The Storm students' citations to journals? books? web sites? government documents? miscellaneous resources? What is the average number of citations per student paper? What are the top cited journals by number of citations? What are the top cited journals by number of citing authors?
What is the age range of journal citations? What percentage of journals is available in the Carleton Library catalogue? What are the reasons for not having a particular journal? What are the write article Academy top cited journals for particular biological research areas? The researcher initially searched the Carleton University Library catalogue by write The Storm King conducting a keyword search for chinese writing Ross, biolog*, with a location theses and a year after 2006 and before 2010.
The search was further narrowed by a great essay The Storm School locating theses with the added author Carleton University. An Essay On Speech And Presentation College Cambridge. Dissertation. Write The Storm King. Biology. Twenty-five Masters theses were found in writing a good essay conclusion Haileybury total; 15 from 2008 and ten from 2007. When in doubt, the researcher went by the date of imprint on the thesis to determine the year (in other words, when the essay King thesis was published, as opposed to when the essay Bishop’s College student may have actually graduated).
Theses from 2009 were not included in the study as many were not yet available electronically or were in the process of being bound at the time of analysis. The researcher used Proquest's Dissertations and a great The Storm King Theses at Carleton University (Proquest 2010) (a subset of Proquest's bigger Dissertations and Theses database) to print off the title page and reference section of each thesis. Each dissertation was given a unique identification number. Using a method used by other researchers (Kraus 2004) that was developed by Chandra G. Prabha (Prabha 1996 as cited in Kraus 2004), materials such as annuals, monographic series, and other irregular serials were not counted as journal articles. These were instead coded as B-annual and grouped as books. Each citation was given one of the following codes: Journals or magazines - J Books or book chapters - B Annuals or monographic series - B-annual Web site (non-governmental)- W Miscellaneous- MIS MIS - Gov Doc (even if it is a web site or database) MIS - Report (includes technical papers, protocols) MIS - Conference MIS - Software MIS - Thesis MIS - Other (includes data repository, article submitted to journal but not in review process, product (i.e., Roundup), newspaper, pamphlet, software manual, survey, personal observation, user's guide) To verify that a reference was a journal, the researcher checked citations in Ulrich's (Proquest Serials Editing Department 2009) and in Worldcat (OCLC 2010). If the title was not found in Ulrich's or Worldcat and the citation did not fall under another category, the researcher coded as MIS-other. The researcher made the assumption that the materials the Library owned in 2010 (when the study was conducted) were also available to students while they were conducting research (i.e., 2006-2008). Although the researcher acknowledges that there is a chance database content may have changed in writing a good conclusion Haileybury that time period, the task of determining dates of periodical acquirement was not feasible given the time to conduct the study.
Web of Science (Thomson Reuters 2010b) was used to check any ambiguous citation to get proper bibliographic information. (i.e. when citation had incorrect date or journal name). Ages of journal citations were determined by calculating the difference between the imprint year of the thesis and the age of a particular cited publication. For example, if a thesis was published in 2008 and a journal citation was from how to The Storm King School 1998, then the difference between these two numbers would make the write journal article Academy citation 10 years old. To determine whether or not Carleton University Library owned or had access to a cited journal article, the researcher checked the library's catalogue. Students checking the catalogue for a journal title may find that the library has the title, but not the particular year the student needs. In order to ascertain the specifics for not having access to a particular journal article, the citations were coded as follows: Don't have - Not found in how to essay catalogue at write an essay on speech writing Abbey Cambridge, all. Never had subscription.
Used to write The Storm Have - Had at one time but cancelled subscription. (Having a significant number of these could give reason to essay Haileybury revisit a subscription). Have now - Didn't have older copy but have current subscription. (This may give reason to purchase a back file). Don't have that year - This sometimes occurs when the how to write essay The Storm King School library has an older subscription that was cancelled and then repurchased. This also occurs when there is an embargo on a journal. (The library may want to seek out chinese Ross School, copies that are missing in the years between subscriptions). Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corporation 2003) and IBM SPSS Statistics 18 (SPSS Inc. 2009) were used to tabulate results. The researcher calculated the write a great The Storm frequency with which each journal was cited.
Williams and Fletcher (2006) point out that multiple citations of a title by a single author can greatly affect the ranking of a journal. For this reason, the write journal article Academy researcher also used a unique thesis ID to calculate the write a great The Storm King frequency of authors citing a particular journal. To analyze theses by chinese essay writing Ross biological research area (as determined by the Carleton University Biology Department) (Carleton Biology Department 2009), the researcher examined Library of Congress Subject Headings from individual thesis catalogue records, and cross-referenced with subject headings used in Proquest's Digital Dissertations (Proquest 2010). All 25 theses were sorted into the following categories for write The Storm King School, further analysis. Cell Molecular Biology Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior Biochemistry and Physiology Biotechnology and Bioinformatics. Past studies have divided biological specialties in different ways (Kuruppu Moore 2008; Walcott 1994).
Because this is a local citation analysis, it was important for Mercersburg, the researcher to divide specialties into groups similar to how to a great essay The Storm King School how Carleton University's Biology Department references these research areas to ensure the information needs can be met as specifically as possible. There were a total of 2,783 citations in the 25 Masters theses analyzed for this study. The average (mean) number of citations per thesis was 111 citations. Istituto Marangoni. The median was very close to the mean at 114 citations. The highest number of how to citations in a thesis was 191, and the lowest number was 44. Journals accounted for writing Windermere School, 2,340 citations, or 84% of the total.
This seems to coincide with results of similar studies, including Kraus (2004) who found that 76.2% of biology undergraduate students' honors references were to journal articles. McCain and Bobick (1981) found that 91% of citations were to journals in faculty publications and doctoral dissertations and Walcott (1994) discovered that graduate biology students cited journals in the 80-95% range, depending on the subject specialty. How To Write Essay King. Kuruppu and Moore (2008) determined doctoral students in journal article Academy agriculture and biology cited journal articles 80.5% of the time. Books (including annuals) accounted for 11% of total citations. Government documents accounted for 2% of total documents, web sites were 0.7% of total citations, and miscellaneous items accounted for 3% of the total citations. (See Table 1 and Table 2) Books (includes annuals) Table 2: Listing of Miscellaneous Citations.
For many researchers, especially in the sciences, Google is the first choice for information -- all kinds of information (Haglund Olsson 2008). The researcher ascertained from a local survey of biology graduate students that although they make use of traditional electronic databases (e.g., Proquest's Biological Sciences), Google Scholar and how to essay The Storm School Google are used to a greater extent for theses research (Newton Miller 2009). The low number of web site citations may be the Bishop’s College result of graduate advisors discouraging their students from citing web sites. A Great Essay The Storm. Web sites that were from government departments were considered a government document (and not a web site). This may have changed the numbers slightly. Kraus (2004) also found a low number of web sites cited by undergraduate biology students. Write. Kraus found that although many science faculty and students were using electronic resources to access scholarly materials, they were not citing the how to a great essay The Storm use of web sites as sources, or the Internet as a means of delivery of scholarly information (Kraus 2004). Title dispersion is determined as the degree to which the useful literature in a field is scattered through a number of article Academy books and journals (Walcott 1994). The journal title dispersion for this study is 546, which means that 546 individual journal titles were needed to cover 100% of the journal citations.
Walcott (1994) discovered a rather low number of 295 titles for how to write a great King School, her study of graduate biology student theses citations, although with the proliferation of journal titles since that time, the difference in numbers is perhaps not that surprising. Many citation analyses, including Brazzeal and Fowler (2005), Pancheshnikov (2007) and Black (2001), demonstrate the 80/20 Rule, which suggests that 80% of the cited articles reside in 20% of the cited journals (Bradford 1953). In this study, the top 46 titles (8.4%) (by frequency of citation) cover 50.4% of writing essay Windermere School all journal citations. Brazzeal and Fowler (2005), who researched the information usage patterns of graduate students in forestry, found that 7.0% of all cited journals accounted for 50% of all journal citations. In her study of graduate biology students, Walcott (1994) found that the top 22 titles covered 50% of all citations. The current research reveals a total of 77 journals (14%) accounted for how to write a great essay School, 80% of all citations, which is chinese essay Ross School, very comparable to the findings of Brazzeal and write a great The Storm King Fowler (2005) who found that 70 journals accounted for 80% of the citations. The researcher found a total of 77 titles out of the write journal article Mercersburg 546 individual journals (14%) were cited only once. In her study of graduate students and faculty use of biological sources, Pancheshnikov (2007) found that 50% of journal titles in faculty publications and 45% from student theses were cited only how to write essay The Storm, once. Ranking of Journal Citations- Frequency of Citation Versus Number of Authors Citing. When conducting a citation analysis, a well accepted method for determining core journal lists is to rank journals by frequency of citations (Kuruppu Moore 2008; Kraus 2005; LaBonte 2005; Walcott 1994).
However, Williams and Fletcher (2006) assert in write journal article Mercersburg their study of engineering graduate students' citations that multiple citations of a title by a single author can affect the rankings of journal. This study examined the rankings of journals by frequency and by number of authors citing and how to write King School found variations in the order of rank. Table 3 includes the top 46 titles by frequency of citation (8.4%) that covers 50.4% of all journal citations in chinese writing Ross this study. The table also shows the percentage of total authors who cite a particular journal in the list. Table 4 includes a rank order of journal titles by number of how to essay King School authors citing. Table 3: Top Cited Journals Ranked by Total Number of Citations (some ties) Journal of Biological Chemistry. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Journal of Experimental Biology. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.
Archives of Biochemistry and writing a good Haileybury Biophysics. Journal of Comparative Physiology B. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and write essay King Aquatic Sciences. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, integrative comparative physiology. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Canadian Journal of Zoology. Trends in write journal article Ecology and Evolution. Genes and Development. Molecular and Cellular Biology. Plant Molecular Biology. Journal of how to essay Fish Biology.
Journal of Chemical Ecology. Journal of a research Windermere School Comparative Physiology A. Journal of Ecology. Comparative Biochemistry Physiology A: Molecular Integrative Physiology. Nucleic Acids Research. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. Journal of a great essay The Storm King School Experimental Zoology. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences. Trends in Plant Science.
American Journal of Botany. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B. Table 4: Journals Ranked by Number of Authors Citing (total # authors= 25) Number of Citing Authors. Percentage of Total Authors.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Canadian Journal of Zoology. Journal of Ross Experimental Biology. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Genes and Development.
Molecular and Cellular Biology. Journal of Comparative Physiology B. Nucleic Acids Research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. In this study, a total of 333 (61%) of the 546 journals are cited by only one author, although they may be cited more than once by that author. (See Table 5). Table 5: Number of Citing Authors Compared to Number of write a great essay The Storm King School Cited Journals.
Percentage of Total Journals. Of the 2,340 total journal citations, the average (mean) age of journal citations for biology masters theses at Carleton University was 10.6 years. The median age was 8 years, and the mode (the most frequently occurring age) was 4 years old. This is very similar to Haileybury the results of Kraus' study of how to write a great essay The Storm undergraduate biology majors (Kraus 2004) where the average age was 10.65 years. Kuruppu and Moore (2008) stated results in a different way: 90% of the citations (all formats) were less than 24 years old, and the oldest citation was 173 years old. Writing A Good Haileybury. The oldest journal citation in this current study was 174 years old, and the youngest was 0. (i.e. citation was from the write a great essay The Storm School year the student published his/her thesis). Percentage of Journals Accessible by Carleton Library Catalogue. Crotteau (1997) examined the citation patterns of essay writing Istituto Marangoni faculty in School the Department of Biology at University of North Carolina. He found that 65% of total journal citations had complete library holdings, 23% had partial holdings, and 12% had no holdings. Williams and Fletcher (2006) found local library holdings for write journal Mercersburg, 82% of journals cited in a great essay The Storm School engineering theses.
This researcher decided to examine in more detail the reasons for a student not being able to locate a journal. In other words, instead of stating the library had partial holdings, the researcher studied just what a partial holding meant. When a journal article cited was not shown to an argument essay College School be in the Carleton University Library catalogue, it was marked CU-N. How To Write Essay School. The citation was further marked as Don't Have, Used to Have, Have Now, and Don't Have That Year. The researcher found library holdings for 93% of the journal articles cited. Of the 2,340 total journal citations, there were 170 incidents (7% of total) where Carleton did not have the journal paper required. Powerpoint Marangoni. Of this 7% of incidents that Carleton University Library did not have in its catalogue, the researcher found the following: Don't Have that Year. The following table shows the how to write a great The Storm frequency of the top five journal citations that were not found in the Library catalogue:
Table 7: Top Journal Citations Not Available in Library Catalogue. Frequency of CU-N. (out of 2340 total cit) Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. Biochemical Society Transactions.
Cell Death and Differentiation. Top Ranking Journals by Research Area. Carleton University's Biology Department divides their research into four main areas: Cell and Molecular Biology; Ecology, Evolution and Behavior; Biochemistry and Physiology; and Biotechnology and Bioinformatics (Carleton Biology Department 2009). The following table breaks down the 25 graduate theses by research area: Table 8: Graduate Research Areas (Biological Sciences) at Carleton University. Cell Molecular Biology. Ecology, Evolution and Behavior. Biochemistry and Physiology. Biotechnology and Bioinformatics. Because biotechnology and writing a research Windermere School bioinformatics were not represented in theses for masters students in the time period studied, the researcher will focus on the three remaining research areas. (Biotechnology and bioinformatics was being studied by PhD students during that time period).
Because of the interdisciplinary nature of some of the how to write essay theses papers, some dissertations could fall into more than one category which could skew the journal frequency results. (For example, theses that focused on the molecular biology of plants cited plant-specific journals, which may not necessarily always be labeled top-ranking in Cell and Molecular Biology). Presenting the number of authors citing these journals should help compensate for this bias. Table 9: Top Ranking Journals in Cell and chinese essay Ross School Molecular Biology Theses. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Plant Molecular Biology.
Table 10: Journals Ranked by Number of how to write essay The Storm King Authors Citing: Cell and chinese writing School Molecular Biology (8 authors total) (some ties) Number of Citing Authors. Percentage of how to essay School Total Authors. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Genes and Development. Molecular and Cellular Biology. Nucleic Acids Research. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Trends in Cell Biology. Table 11: Top Ranking Journals in write an argument essay Bishop’s School Ecology, Evolution and Behavior Theses (some ties) Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.
Journal of Experimental Biology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. Journal of Chemical Ecology. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. Journal of Ecology. Proceedings of the National Academy of how to write a great essay The Storm School Sciences. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. Table 12: Journals Ranked by Number of writing essay Windermere Authors Citing: Ecology, Evolution and Behavior (9 authors total) (some ties) Number of how to write a great essay King Citing Authors (9 max) Percentage of Total Authors. Trends in Ecology and Evolution.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. Canadian Journal of Zoology. Journal of Applied Ecology. Table 13: Top Ranking Journals in Biochemistry and writing essay Windermere School Physiology Theses (some ties) Journal of Biological Chemistry. Journal of Experimental Biology. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Journal of Comparative Physiology B. Table 14: Journals Ranked by Number of Authors Citing: Biochemistry and Physiology (8 authors total) (some ties)
Number of Citing Authors (8 max) Percentage of Total Authors. Proceedings of the a great The Storm King National Academy of writing essay conclusion Haileybury Science. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. Biochemical Society Transactions. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Journal of Experimental Biology. Carleton University Library is how to essay King School, doing well in writing powerpoint Firenze terms of periodical library holdings. Having 93% is a very acceptable number but one must be cautious of that result.
Citation analysis only measures what students used in their formal research. It does not measure what a student may have informally consulted on a day-to-day basis (Swanepoel 2008). Citation analysis is unable to how to write a great King School show what a student decided not to use because of its unavailability in the library. Writing Essay School. Because Carleton University is located in the national capital, further research should be undertaken to examine how many journal citations unavailable in Carleton's library were obtainable at how to essay The Storm King, nearby University of Ottawa. Since graduate students frequently use Google and School Google Scholar, and as the open access movement continues to write King grow, further research is needed to determine how many journal citations were available through open access or from an open archive. Although citation analysis is a useful tool for determining collection development needs, it is not without its challenges. It became quite clear that a few students need more help creating their reference lists.
Verifying whether or not a citation was in the catalogue became more time-consuming than expected because of incorrect dates and incorrect or incomplete journal titles. Writing A Good Essay. For example, a title with parts A, B and C can be in how to write essay The Storm King School three different journals. Leaving some of the title information out of the citation necessitates more investigation by writing Firenze the researcher to get the correct reference. However, students were not always the how to essay The Storm King School ones at fault. The researcher compiled a list of library catalogue records that needed to be cleaned up.
This could mean anything from duplicate records to incorrect dates in the catalogue. Although these various delays were for a small percentage of citations, it is important to take note of the potential time consumed for those interested in School pursuing similar projects. How To Write A Great Essay King School. Citation analysis has the a research essay Windermere School benefit of finding trends that can help determine what databases and other library tools need to be promoted in the library. Write The Storm. Because of the challenges found in incomplete journal references, the powerpoint Istituto Firenze researcher plans to work more with biology students and faculty regarding proper citation formatting and will further promote bibliographic management programs such as RefWorks. How do the results of how to write a great essay The Storm School this study affect future collection development?
Strained collection budgets sometimes force librarians to make difficult cancellation decisions. The researcher now has core journal lists within specific biological fields by frequency of citation and by chinese Ross School number of how to essay The Storm King School times an author cites a resource. Using these lists in conjunction with lists produced by Journal Citation Reports can help a librarian determine what should stay in the collection while maintaining equality throughout the various subfields. Finding out why a student is an essay writing and presentation Cambridge, not able to locate a journal in The Storm King the catalogue is more beneficial than only essay writing Firenze, knowing that the library has full, partial, or no holdings. How To Write A Great The Storm. The researcher discovered it very valuable to organize journal citations that were not in the catalogue into categories of Don't Have, Used to Have, Have Now and write Bishop’s Don't Have That Year. It is frustrating for a patron to not find a journal title needed for his/her research. It is even more infuriating when the how to The Storm journal title is in writing a good conclusion Haileybury the catalogue, but not the particular year the patron needs. Why does the library not have a specific year? Do we need to consider a back file purchase? Should we revisit a cancelled subscription? The researcher now has a list of the write essay The Storm King School top journal titles that were not available in a research Windermere School the library catalogue, the number of times students were not able to access, reasons why they were not able to access, and the number of students trying to access those titles.
The librarian can use this information to determine the requirement to purchase a back file or to revisit a cancelled subscription. Knowing the how to write King School age of an essay and presentation citations is valuable when examining space requirements for the library. Like many other institutions, space is at a premium at Carleton University Library and there is pressure to write The Storm King weed or move things to a storage facility located on campus. Libraries can purchase electronic back files of journal collections and move the older hardcopy equivalents into storage (or weed entirely) to free up much needed space in the library. A Good Essay. Nabe and how to School Imre (2008) studied plant biology and on speech writing Abbey zoology dissertations and found that many journal citations were older than 12 years. A Great King. The current research found similar averages of writing School 10.6 years. Write The Storm. These numbers can be starting points for examining specific back file collections.
Various questions of hardcopy versus electronic would still have to be sorted out by libraries (e.g. sometimes the print version is the more complete copy and should remain in the library). Similar citation studies of write an argument essay Bishop’s College School undergraduate, doctoral and faculty papers would help to give a fuller picture of what is needed in order to how to write The Storm School move hardcopy journals to another location and replace with electronic back files. This particular study only focused on journal citations, but it would be very useful to write on speech writing and presentation Abbey further examine book citations used by students and faculty to ensure the how to a great library is meeting their monographic needs. Eleven percent of theses citations were to books (including annuals). With book budgets continuing to be tightly constrained, one must take a deeper look at monographic use. Science students and faculty traditionally use more journals than books, but the monographs that are purchased are usually much more expensive than those purchased for humanities and social science disciplines. E-book packages are becoming a more popular (but expensive) option for libraries and many are geared toward the sciences. Windermere School. Are patrons using books that come in e-book format? Citation analysis and data abstracted from e-book collections are useful tools to examine the book needs of students and The Storm faculty. Interlibrary loan statistics are valuable tools in collection management and could also be used to determine what journals, books and other formats are being found in another location.
The researcher agrees with the findings of Williams and write essay School Fletcher (2006) that although journal rankings are traditionally performed using total number of write a great King citations, the ranking by number of authors citing a source can make a difference when compiling core journal lists. Writing A Good Essay Conclusion. As Feyereisen and Spoiden (2009) point out, libraries may need to visit alternatives such as interlibrary loans and pay-per-view options for infrequently used titles. Research on how to King School number of a research essay authors citing a source gives a librarian pause to how to think about what to do in future situations when a professor or student requests a particular journal. Are very few people going to use a resource many times? During times of fiscal restraint, the library may need to remind itself that building collections should serve the majority of the needs of the greatest number of people.
Beck, S.P. 2008. Practical Research Methods for Librarians and Information Professionals. Write Journal Article Academy. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers. Black, S. 2001. Using citation analysis to pursue a core collection of journals for communication disorders . How To. Library Resources Technical Services 45(1): 3-9. Brazzeal, B. Fowler, R. 2005. Patterns of information use in graduate research in forestry . Science Technology Libraries 26(2): 91-106.
Brown, C. 2005. Writing A Good Essay. Where do molecular biology graduate students find information ? Science Technology Libraries 25(3): 89-104. Budd, J. 1988. Write A Great Essay King School. A bibliometric analysis of higher education literature . Research in Higher Education 28(2): 180-190. Crotteau, M. 1997. Support for biological research by an academic library: A journal citation study . Science Technology Libraries 17(1): 67-86. Delendick, T.J. 1990.
Citation analysis of the literature of systematic botany: A preliminary survey . Journal of the American Society for Information Science 41(7): 535-543. deVries, S., Kelly, R. Storm, P. Write. M. Accepted 2009 Oct 23. Moving beyond citation analysis: How surveys and interviews enhance, enrich, and expand your research findings . College Research Libraries Preprint [Internet]. [Cited 2010 Jul 10]; 1-15. Available from http://crl.acrl.org/content/early/2010/04/29/crl-45r1.full.pdf+html. Feyereisen, P. Spoiden, A. 2009. Can local citation analysis of master's and doctoral theses help decision-making about the a great The Storm King School management of the collection of periodicals? A case study in psychology and education sciences . Write Journal Article. Journal of Academic Librarianship 35(6): 514-522. Haglund, L. How To Essay The Storm King School. Olsson, P. 2008. The impact on university libraries of changes in information behavior among academic researchers: A multiple case study . Chinese Writing School. The Journal of how to a great essay The Storm Academic Librarianship 34(1): 52-59.
Joswick, K. Stierman, J. 1997. Chinese School. The core list mirage: A comparison of the journals frequently consulted by faculty and students . College Research Libraries 58(1): 48-55. Kraus, J.R. 2004. Citation patterns of advanced undergraduate students in biology, 2000-2002 . Science Technology Libraries 22(3/4):161-179. Kraus, J.R. 2005.
Comparing journal use between biology faculty and undergraduate students . Write Essay King School. Issues in Science Technology Librarianship [Internet]. [Cited 2010 Jul 10]; 43 Summer 2005. Available from: http://www.istl.org/05-summer/article2.html. Kuruppu, P.U. Moore, D.C. Writing School. 2008. Information use by PhD students in agriculture and biology: A dissertation citation analysis . portal 8(4): 387-405. LaBonte, K.B. How To The Storm School. 2005. Citation analysis: A method for collection development for a rapidly developing field . Issues in Science Technology Librarianship [Internet]. [Cited 2010 Jul 10]; 43 Summer 2005. Available from: http://www.istl.org/05-summer/refereed.html.
Lascar, C. Writing A Research Essay Windermere. Mendelsohn, L.D. 2001. An analysis of journal use by structural biologists with applications for journal collection development decisions . How To Write A Great The Storm School. College Research Libraries 62(5): 422-433. Leiding, R. 2005. Using citation checking of undergraduate honors thesis bibliographies to evaluate library collections . College Research Libraries 66(5): 417-429.
McCain, K.W. Bobick, J.E. 1981. Patterns of writing Marangoni Firenze journal use in a departmental library: A citation analysis . Journal of the American Society for Information Science 32(4): 257-267. Nabe, J. Imre, A. 2008. Dissertation citations in organismal biology at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale: Implications for collection development . Issues in Science Technology Librarianship [Internet]. [Cited 2010 Jul 10]. 55 Fall 2008.
Available from: http://www.istl.org/08-fall/refereed.html. Newton Miller, L. 2009. The Storm King School. Information literacy assessment of biology graduate students. Writing A Research Essay. Unpublished manuscript. Osareh, F. 1996. Bibliometrics, citation analysis and co-citation analysis: A review of literature.
Libri 46(4): 217-225. Pancheshnikov, Y. 2007. A comparison of a great essay The Storm literature citations in faculty publications and student theses as indicators of collection use and a background for collection management at a university library . Journal Article. The Journal of a great The Storm King School Academic Librarianship 33(6): 674-683. Prabha, C. 1996. Writing Powerpoint Istituto. Characteristics of publications sought through OCLC PRISM interlibrary loan. Annual Review of OCLC Research . [Internet]. Available from.
Proquest UMI Dissertation Publishing. 2010. Dissertations and theses @ Carleton . How To The Storm School. Michigan: Proquest UMI Dissertation Publishing. Stankus, T. 2010. Scientists who work with insects: How do arts and sciences and a good essay Haileybury agriculture school faculty differ in where they publish ? Science Technology Libraries 29(1/2): 16-33. Swanepoel, A. 2008.
Using citation analysis to determine the use of information sources in how to a great essay The Storm King the humanities by postgraduate students in the health and biomedical sciences: A case study. IFLA Conference Proceedings. Istituto Marangoni Firenze. [Internet]. [Cited December 17, 2010]. Available from: http://archive.ifla.org/IV/ifla74/papers/124-Swanepoel-en.pdf. Sylvia, M.J. 1998. Citation analysis as an unobtrusive method for journal collection evaluation using psychology student research bibliographies . Collection Building 17(1): 20-28. Thomson Reuters. 2010a.
Journal citation reports. New York: Thomson Reuters. Walcott, R. 1994. Local citation studies - a shortcut to local knowledge . Science Technology Libraries 14(3): 1-14.
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A Method for Grading Essays in Any Course. Grading student papers for a course in any discipline presents a series of challenges different from grading other kinds of how to a great King, assignments. Windermere! Typically, a wide range of a great essay School, responses will be acceptable, and an essay Abbey Cambridge, every paper (unless it is plagiarized) will have some merit. How To The Storm! Consequently, grading essays demands a teacher#8217;s close attention to essay writing powerpoint Istituto Marangoni Firenze insure that each paper is judged by the same standards. A method for evaluating essays that breaks the grading process into parts can help an instructor work more consistently and efficiently. How To Write Essay The Storm School! By assessing papers based upon the three general categories of ideas, argument, and mechanics and style, categories easily adapted for each discipline and assignment, an instructor can more easily recognize and comment on an essay#8217;s strengths and an argument essay Bishop’s, weaknesses and so face that daunting pile of twenty, forty, or even one hundred essays with less trepidation. Furthermore, if teachers make clear to students how this method works, fewer students will be confused about how to a great essay School, their grades or apt to charge that papers are graded in an arbitrary or purely subjective way.
Before applying the three categories for evaluation, think through what it is you want an assignment to accomplish. Grades should reflect the most significant strengths and write essay College School, weaknesses of an essay, so a teacher should carefully consider ahead of time what expectations he or she has for a paper and especially what he or she most wants students to do for a particular assignment. For example, Do the instructions to students require specific tasks, such as agreeing or disagreeing with an author, outlining a book#8217;s argument for review, or analyzing a particular section of a work? What is it that students should show they understood? More generally, a teacher may also consider the how to write a great The Storm School following: Has the student presented ideas in a logical order? Is the essay written in conclusion Haileybury clear, grammatically correct prose? Has the how to a great essay The Storm School student offered explanation or examples to support generalizations?
For any given assignment, your criteria for chinese essay writing, success may vary in the details; whatever they are, make a list of them. Ideally, students would receive a copy of this list before they begin writing their essays. The problem with such a list of criteria, however, is that it can quickly grow unwieldy. While we need some specific questions as a checklist for student writing success, we can benefit from a streamlined evaluation system. The ideas/argument/mechanics and style format is write a great essay The Storm King a simple way to writing Windermere School group criteria, both for yourself and how to essay King School, your students. Once you have a set of criteria for an essay to succeed, you can decide how these questions fit under the three headings.
A general breakdown of these questions might look like this: Does the student understand the accompanying reading or the principles behind the writing conclusion Haileybury experiment, etc.? Does the student offer original interpretations? Do the student#8217;s explanations of terms, ideas, and examples demonstrate an ability to a great King School grasp the write Mercersburg main points, paraphrase them, and apply them? Does the student answer the question(s) assigned? Does the essay demonstrate an understanding of a subject, or does it wander from one subject to the next without offering more than superficial remarks? Can we easily determine what the author#8217;s main point is? Does the essay provide a series of how to The Storm King School, points that add up to an argument supporting the main point (thesis)?
Does the essay proceed logically from write journal Mercersburg, point to point? Does the write essay King School student provide examples and Istituto Marangoni, explanations to support his or her generalizations? Does the essay contain contradictions? Is the how to essay The Storm School paragraph structure logical? Is it clear what the student#8217;s point of view is?
Does the student control tone? Is the a research Windermere essay free of grammatical errors? Is the essay punctuated appropriately? Do citations and bibliography follow the correct format? Is the prose clear or do you puzzle over individual sentences? Are words spelled correctly? What I am suggesting is essentially adapted from the methods of two English professors, Charlene Sedgwick and Steve Cushman. Sedgwick#8217;s #8220;ENWR Handbook#8221; offers guidelines for evaluating freshman composition papers by assessing focus, organization, style, and mechanics; Cushman has in how to write The Storm the past recommended that graders for his upper-level literature courses weigh mechanics and style (together) as one-third of a grade, and ideas and on speech writing and presentation Abbey College, argument as the other two-thirds.
Though instructors for non-English courses may want less emphasis on writing skills per se in an essay grade, I would argue that papers for all courses should be evaluated at how to a great essay The Storm King least in part for their grammar, punctuation, and prose style because these fundamentals of writing are everywhere necessary for readers to essay Bishop’s College understand writers. And a teacher in how to write a great The Storm King School any discipline can easily tailor the three categories of ideas/argument/mechanics and style to the conventions of the course and its academic discipline. Simplified (and Platonized) then, these three categories translate into the following grade scale: essays with good ideas that are logically organized into an argument and written in clear and mechanically clean prose receive an A; essays lacking in one category (e.g., have poor organization) receive a B; essays weak in two categories receive a C; and essays that manage none the writing powerpoint Marangoni Firenze three general criteria garner a D or fail. What constitutes an #8220;A#8221; within any given category will also depend upon the course level and the assignment, but in a very general way, if a student#8217;s essay can answer #8220;yes#8221; to all of your questions for a great King, a category, then the journal Mercersburg Academy student should have an #8220;A#8221; for that portion of the write a great essay The Storm King School grade. (More explicit criteria appear in #8220;Responding to Student Writing#8221; by Stella Deen in the November, 1995, Teaching Concerns .) Particularly for new teachers, it is sometimes helpful to read through several essays to see what an average paper for a class looks like. Checking to writing Abbey College see if several papers have similar difficulties can also help you detect unclear instructions in the assignment or a content issue that may require further class discussion: if we have been unclear in some way, then we should be prepared to cut our students some slack when evaluating that part of the assignment. However much we simplify the process, grading essays will never be as simple as marking multiple choice exams.
Most student essays are some combination of good ideas and slight misunderstanding, clear argument and less clear argument: they don#8217;t neatly divide into three parts. Typically the problems in an essay are closely related: for example, a misunderstanding of write a great essay King School, content can lead to a logical flaw in a research Windermere School the argument and to how to a great essay King School prose that is full of short sentences because the author is not certain which ideas should be subordinated to others. Because of this system of logical relations, it is all the Mercersburg Academy more important to include a final comment with a grade. Writing final comments may indeed slow grading, but the pedagogical benefits of comments far outweigh the how to write a great essay King School few minutes per Windermere School, paper needed to a great essay The Storm King School write them. Students continue to learn from an assignment if they understand what their work accomplished and what it didn#8217;t. More importantly, final comments can help students write more fully conceived and write an essay on speech College, better executed papers on the next assignment. (For a time-saving method of offering detailed comments about common problems in a set of School, essays, see Nancy Childress#8217;s essay #8220;Using General Comment Sheets,#8221; published in the October, 1995 issue of Teaching Concerns ; she recommends preparing a handout for the entire class in an argument essay Bishop’s School addition to [shorter] written comments on individual essays.) One way to organize an how to write a great The Storm King School end comment is to write at least one sentence pertaining to each of the three categories of ideas, argument, and an argument School, style and mechanics.
Breaking an School essay into these three components can help us comment on an essay#8217;s strengths and weaknesses more quickly than if we had no set criteria or if we had too many. A particularly successful comment will explain to a student how ideas, argument, style, and writing School, even grammar work together. Final comments also serve as a check on ourselves, especially if we tie our general end comments to a great specific examples within the writing and presentation Abbey College paper. For example, when I finish reading Student A#8217;s essay, I may sense that he didn#8217;t offer proof in support of assertions. How To Write A Great The Storm King School! But when I look for an example of an unsupported assertion, I find there are passages that might serve as supporting evidence; however, he has not explained very carefully how the examples work, so my impression has been that his essay lacks proof. Even when we are sure that we have avoided bias and inconsistency, comments pointing to examples will better illustrate to students what they can improve.
Above all, comments should not be mere justifications for grades, though they may coincidentally deter students from seeking explanations as to why the received a #8220;B#8221; instead of an #8220;A.#8221; TRC NOTE : For help in implementing these suggestions, request a Writing Workshop.
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“How do Locard’s Theory and Individualisation demonstrate that a suspect was present at a crime scene during the write essay The Storm King commission of an an argument essay Bishop’s College offence?” “Wherever he steps, whatever he touches, whatever he leaves, even unconsciously, will serve as a silent witness against him. Not only his fingerprints or his footprints, but his hair, the fibers from how to The Storm School his clothes, the glass he breaks, the tool mark he leaves, the paint he scratches, the blood or semen he deposits or collects. All of these and more, bear mute witness against him. This is chinese essay writing Ross evidence that does not forget. It is not confused by write The Storm the excitement of the moment.
It is not absent because human witnesses are. Essay Istituto Marangoni. It is factual evidence. Physical evidence cannot be wrong, it cannot perjure itself, it cannot be wholly absent. Only human failure to find it, study and understand it, can diminish its value.” [#1] According to the popular idiom referring to Dr. Edmond Locard’s theory of exchange “every contact leaves a trace” . Locard’s publications make no mention of an “exchange principle,” although he did make the a great essay The Storm School observation “Il est impossible au malfaiteur d’agir avec l’intensite que suppose l’action criminelle sans laisser des traces de son passage.” (It is impossible for write article a criminal to act, especially considering the intensity of a crime, without leaving traces of this presence.). The term “principle of exchange” first appears in Police and Crime-Detection Today in 1940, and was adapted from Locard’s observations. [#2] That evolved in what we know today as Locard’s theory and found its place in a field of modern forensic science.
When a crime is committed, police officers and investigators are often left with only small fragments of evidence which are just a part of the bigger image. According to a great The Storm School, Locard by coming into contact with objects at the crime scene, a criminal also takes part of that scene with him. A Good Essay. That means there is always some evidence left, even if investigators fail to spot them, that doesn’t mean evidence do not exist. Materials found at the crime scene must link the scene of the how to essay The Storm King murder with the suspect or his personal environment. It is very important to gather the evidence avoiding cross contamination as in court, prosecution’s case against the accused may be based exclusively and essentially on the evidence of the trace materials. [#3] Well acquired and preserved exhibits can be crucial in conviction of a suspect. In Edward Charles Splatt’s case in the final conclusion jury stated that the Istituto Marangoni “the number (of trace materials) was too great to be attributed to coincidence or accident” and that “the accused must have been so closely in contact with the deceased that he must have been her attacker and how to write a great essay King School, indeed her slayer.” [#4] In given scenario we assume that fingerprints and the suspect’s blood are found on a murder weapon at the scene but the suspect denies ever entering the premises. We can use given evidence to connect the an argument School suspect with the crime scene and try to prove that he was present at the scene during the commission of the essay The Storm School offence [Fig1]. To achieve that we need at least three different members of the scientific personnel.
Crime Scene Investigators (CSIs), also known as Scenes of Crime Officers (SOCOs). Their tasks are to attend crime scenes and to protect them to avoid evidence being disturbed. Also to record and examine exhibits. The evidence they discover is then used to investigate crimes. [#5] During the crime scene examination SOCO’s as much as they cannot forget about retrieving even the writing a good essay conclusion smallest piece of evidence they must also keep an eye on the whole context of the situation. While seeking of all of the individual elements or trace materials it is important that the Crime Scene Examiner has a holistic approach to the examined case. According to write a great essay School, Robertson and Roux (2009) it is College School almost impossible to identify, test and revise relevant hypotheses otherwise. It is essential to take this under the consideration right at the beginning of the investigation, as later, individual analysts will have to how to The Storm, conduct their examination of individual materials with what was selected by the crime scene ‘sorter’ and without the benefit of a broader context. At the investigative stage trace evidence may be critical in chinese essay writing Ross identifying relevant hypotheses and providing investigative leads. [#6]
Now, let’s assume that during the search of the how to write a great The Storm crime scene a weapon with fingerprints and blood on it was discovered. To find blood, SOCO, which was attending the crime scene mentioned above in conclusion Haileybury text, could choose the Kastle-Meyer test that uses the substance called phenolphthalein, which is normally colourless, but turns pink in the presence of blood. Another test for blood is luminal, which is sprayed over a room to detect even the essay The Storm King tiniest droplets of blood. While recovering fingerprints from a crime scene, CSI attending should typically use fingerprint powder and a brush. Write Journal Article Mercersburg. The composition of the powder depends on write a great The Storm School the manufacturer and write journal Academy, type of powder. Write A Great Essay The Storm. Some may contain finely ground graphite while others contain finely ground volcanic rock. They also come in a variety of colours, including fluorescent, to increase contrast with the background. In any case, the an essay College Cambridge most important thing is that the powder is finely ground and how to a great essay The Storm School, stays very dry. Essay Marangoni Firenze. [#7] Visible prints are made on a card, or on a type of how to a great essay King, surface that creates an impression, such as blood or dirt. Latent prints are made when sweat, oil and other substances on the skin reproduce the fingerprints on a glass, murder weapon or any other surface the perpetrator has touched. [#8]
During any investigation, Crime Scene Coordinator is responsible for setting the chain of writing essay, command. It helps with providing objective, unbiased, factual and scientific evidence. Now the fingerprints and the blood sample should be sent for further laboratory investigation. Since the discovery that every person’s fingerprints are unique and after the famous Scheffer’s case from write a great essay 1902 (the first case where the write journal Mercersburg Academy identification, arrest and conviction of a murderer was based upon fingerprint evidence) fingerprint analysis became an integral part of the law enforcement process. [#9] A fingerprint expert is the one who has adequate training, scientific knowledge and understanding, as well as structured practice and how to a great essay The Storm, experience in ridge comparison and essay writing, identification, allowing him or her to give professional opinion in relation to fingerprints, palm prints and foot prints [Fig.2] in court. [#10] Lab personnel can check the write essay recovered fingerprints using IDENT1 which is the United Kingdom’s central national database for holding, searching and writing and presentation College Cambridge, comparing biometric information on those who come in essay The Storm contact with the police as detainees being arrested. Information held includes fingerprints, palm prints and scene of crime marks. [#11]
Fingerprint test can establish the suspect’s identity and in conclusion help the police to locate the offender. Also it gives the prove that the murder weapon was held by the same person. The blood sample found at Istituto our crime scene was send to the laboratory. Forensic Scientists provide impartial scientific evidence for use in courts of law in order to support the prosecution or defence in criminal and civil investigations. Forensic scientists are primarily concerned with examining contact trace material associated with crimes. This follows the write essay The Storm principle that ‘every contact leaves a trace’ which can offer potential evidence to link the suspect with the chinese essay writing Ross School scene of the how to a great essay King crime, the victim or the weapon. Using scientific equipment, forensic scientists identify the components of the samples and match them up. When analysing the blood found at the scene of a crime, the first thing that has to be determined is whether the stain is actually blood or some other bodily fluid. This is done using a simple test involving a solution that changes colour when it comes into contact with haemoglobins or peroxidase in the blood.
Another type of test commonly used involves luminal spray, which makes any residue containing blood to powerpoint Istituto, glow in how to The Storm King the dark as well as picking up on writing School traces of how to essay The Storm King School, blood that may have been scrubbed away. The next step is confirming whether the bloodstain belongs to a human. Determining to which person the chinese writing School bloodstain belongs involves an investigation of blood types. The human blood contains over 100 different antigens. Write King School. Serologists use a number of different blood testing techniques, but by far the most common and effective technique is the ABO system. For finer results yet, the blood groups can be assigned either a + or a – figure after it [Fig.3]. [#12] After all the evidence were found at the crime scene, sent to the laboratory and examined; the results can be used to try to prove that the suspect was at the crime scene while committing the offence. We can base our reasoning on Locard’s exchange theory and back it up with inductive logic. When having true premises we can assume that a conclusion must also be true. 1. Chinese Essay Writing Ross School. Evidence was found at the crime scene. 2. Evidence is connected to a great King School, the suspect.
3. Therefore the suspect must be connected to the crime scene. As long as proving the existence of the connection between suspect and the crime scene using the evidence previously analysed in the laboratory is not that hard, we still cannot prove irrefutably that the suspect committed the crime and that he was present at chinese writing Ross the scene while the crime was committed. How To Write School. Even during the crime reconstruction which is “the determination of the actions surrounding the commission of a crime.” [#13] , we cannot prove beyond the reasonable doubt that the suspect linked with the murder weapon actually killed the victim. Locard’s theory can help investigators to consolidate the an essay and presentation connection between the scene and how to write essay, the suspect but cannot give the answer if the suspect was actually present while committing the murder. Doing so involves further interrogation of the powerpoint Istituto Marangoni suspect combined with presenting him previously gathered evidences for the purpose of obtaining the how to a great essay School suspect’s statement. According to Douglas (1992) violent crime scenes (e.g. Essay Powerpoint Istituto Marangoni Firenze. murder) require investigators to be “diagnosticians.” To make sure that the offender will be discovered and prosecuted investigators must take under the consideration that the final result depends on their insight into the dynamics of human behaviour. Considering the evidence found at how to a great essay King the crime scenes investigators can try to link the suspect with the murder by working out his modus operandi (M.O.), which is the offender’s actions while committing the crime, and consider victimology (characteristics of the victims) in writing Marangoni order to how to a great essay The Storm King, eliminate the connection to one offender. [#14] In conclusion using only Locard’s Theory and Individualisation to demonstrate that a suspect was present at writing a good conclusion Haileybury the crime scene during the commission of the write essay The Storm King School offence is not enough for certain conviction. It should be used as a main basis during the crime scene investigation but it must be combined with other forensic methods and principles in order to writing School, produce a fully satisfying and unquestionable results. #1. Kirk, L.P. (1953) Crime investigation: physical evidence and the police laboratory.
New York: Interscience Publishers. #2. Write A Great The Storm School. Morrish R. (1940) The Police and Crime-Detection Today . London: Oxford University Press, p.72. #4. South Australia: Royal Commission (1984) Report Concerning the Conviction of Edward Charles Splatt, Gov. Printer. #6. Robertson, J. and Roux, C. (2010) ‘Trace evidence: Here today, gone tomorrow?’, Science Justice, 50 (1), pp.18-22. #13.
Chisum, J. (1999) ‘An Introduction to Crime Reconstruction’ in Turvey B. Criminal Profiling: An Introduction to Behavioral Evidence Analysis . London: Academic Press. #14. Douglas, J.E. and School, Munn C. (1992) Violent Crime Scene Analysis: Modus Operandi, Signature, and how to write King, Stagin. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. “The Criminal Justice System operates free of writing, prejudice and discrimination.” In this work I would like to highlight the issue of gender differentiation in the modern justice system. Are we all equal in the eyes of the law? Are we judged for our crimes or are we judged according to our gender?
In order to address these questions I have used articles from The Storm School three different disciplines: law, criminology and forensics. At first it could seem that there is no reason for discussion. In the modern era of female emancipation and human rights there should be no doubt if our justice system still stays prejudice in the area of gender differences and writing essay, see us all as equals when we face the law. How To Write The Storm King School. To my great disappointment data I have got familiar with seems to state otherwise. Is it the fault of the male culture overpowering all the writing essay Windermere School main government bodies and disciplines during all these years of how to a great The Storm King, patriarchal control?
Is it that ‘macho’ practice became institutionalised and implemented as a normal acceptable social norm of behaviour? If we consider how our law has historically criminalised aggression – how certain types of anti-social conduct have been targeted, while other have been either formally or practically left unregulated, we can see a distinction according to gender. Does it mean that such law is reflecting only male patterns of behaviour and exclusively accepts only male standards of adequate conduct? Let’s take a closer look. Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice: Edward’s Women on on speech College Trial . In Doris Marie Provine (1986) review essay of “Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice: Edward`s Women on Trial ” she seems to agree with the author’s point of view that the how to King School crime itself is writing School prevalently a male activity although it can’t be simplified by the opinion that as men are the main group of the offenders therefore crime is a male `activity`. Unequal division of “guilt” can be immediately noticed. Men and how to write a great The Storm King School, women tend to `take the lead` in different categories of law-breaking activities [Fig.1]. As men outnumber women in nearly every type of the offence, women tend to distinct themselves in writing conclusion Haileybury prostitution, shoplifting and welfare frauds (Provine, 1986, p.571).
Can it be said that we are dealing with strictly divided male and female crime? If so, should the matter of gender be taken under the a great essay The Storm King School consideration while standing a trial? The record gathered by Edward’s (1984) points out that men and women charged with similar crimes tend to be judged and sentenced on the same ground suggesting that the offender’s gender has only a small influence on the course of the case, although the write Mercersburg Academy history of judicial system demonstrates that even a ‘small impact’ can play a huge role in the final verdict of the court. Apparently patterns of how to essay, chivalry and paternalism can be observed in the male ranks of the police, prosecutors and judges (Provine,1986, p. 571). What is the cause of such behaviour towards female criminality? The answer is not clear.
Women’s participation in writing powerpoint Marangoni criminal activity is relatively smaller than their male counterparts. Does it mean that it can be treated as an how to write a great essay The Storm King exception that can be dealt with less strictness? Data shows that women tend to receive more or less severe sanctions in complete reverse to men while being judged for write an essay on speech Abbey College Cambridge the same kind of offence [Fig.2]. How To The Storm King School. What the research clearly presents are the double standards regarding female sexuality (Provine, 1986, p.578) and Bishop’s College School, failure in applying a `unisex` approach into the justice system. According to Provine (1986, p. 574) standards that define criminal justice are fluid and people involved consult their own experience in order to determinate what is criminal, what is excusable, what kind of punishment is deserved and when behaviour is deemed inexcusable. It must be taken under consideration that lawmakers rely on their own common-sense understanding of normal male/female relations in creating the penal law (Provine, 1986, p.575). It can’t be overlooked that the system we are talking about was and still is dominated by men lacking the women’s point of view (Provine, 1986, p.575). That to be said we can’t really talk about adopting typical male stereotypes and the impact they have on the perception of the crime by the court, as such, are already implicated in how to write a great the law itself.
The same law lacking the female approach tends to believe in sexual stereotypes determined mainly for women. What’s interesting, only by fulfilling these stereotypes women can expect the less harsh treatment in the criminal justice system, as being recognised as a ‘female’ in strictly manly oriented code of write journal, law, they seem not to how to write essay The Storm, pose the same threat as a “normal” male offender. Never the less such approach is writing extremely harmful for females. When engaged in violent crimes they will be undoubtedly disadvantaged as they enter what is typically considered as a ‘male field of write a great essay The Storm King, crime’. Women will not only be judged for writing essay Haileybury distinguishing themselves from a “standard” female stereotype but also according to Provine (1986, p. 579) they will be seen as deviant as they can’t be confronted as men. It is highly possible for them to expect more severe sentences than men in how to write King the same position. One of the most feminised crimes is prostitution. Write An Essay On Speech Writing And Presentation Abbey. Provine (1986, p. 577) states that the English law creates clear double standards: females are subject to prosecution for solicitation, but not males, even if they are homosexuals looking for male customers. In the eyes of law men can only be judged for how to write a great King School pimping, keeping a brothel or living on prostitutes earnings (please keep in mind that laws have changed since the time of publishing by Provine). What seems to be strange; it hardly ever happens for prostitutes to be arrested. Apparently only these women who work on the street actively looking for clients and exposing themselves publicly with their profession can risk arrest.
According to write an essay Abbey Cambridge, Provine (1986, p.577) police see prostitution as an offence that harms no one. Maybe because the system dominated by men can understand prostitute’s clients too well? The administration of British laws regarding prostitution is inflexible and can be characterised by unforgiving attitude towards female sexual activity. It can be clearly seen in the legislative history of various sexual offence statutes. How To Write Essay The Storm. The British effort to monitor prostitution began with the Bishop’s College 1824 Vagrancy Act and by 1860 Parliament had widen police powers regarding the prostitution. The Contagious Disease Acts of 1864, 1866, and 1869 allowed the police to how to write essay The Storm School, compel the women they arrested on writing essay conclusion Haileybury the grounds of prostitution to a necessary gynaecological examination.
In the 80s that approach became more paternalistic and essay School, legislation of that time focused more on child prostitution and violent behaviour by pimps (I think the “newest” legal document related to prostitution is Sexual Offences Act 2003). The law regarding female sexual activities is made and regulated by men population. In that case, how can we expect equal treatment for chinese Ross both genders when women who are standing trial before judges can be possibly asking for leniency a very own “service user”? Provine’s review is very satisfying and allows the reader to write a great essay The Storm School, get a very close insight into essay Istituto Edward’s work. Unfortunately it clearly lacks a constructive criticism. She definitely agrees with the outcomes of Edward’s research sharing her view on modern female criminology and its advantages and flaws. She also points out how to, that the concept of gender is crucial in Edward’s work as it reminds of the fact that it is essay writing society which enforces gender differences in a social context. Sadly Provine seems to forget, maybe blinded by the conviction of how to essay The Storm King School, total dominance of ‘macho’ culture in every aspect of life, that the society is ‘us’ created by both men and women, and gives both genders opportunity to shape our public sphere. Also indicating as a flaw in Edward’s work the fact of leaving to many topic open to writing essay School, interpretation by her readers is remarkably unfair as a good research should provide the necessary data (which Women on Trial does) and on to of how to write a great School, that it has to stay flexible and open for discussion and criticism as that crystalise the final outcome.
Feminist Criminology and write an essay on speech and presentation College Cambridge, Probation Practice: The Implications for write a great The Storm School Teaching DipSW (The Diploma in Social Work) Probation Courses. According to Dominelli (1993) law is created by essay Ross ‘white and how to School, upper class men’. That’s why in writing powerpoint Istituto Marangoni Firenze Kemshall’s (1995, p. 79) opinion it is important to implement knowledge of write School, feminist criminology into nowadays teaching curriculum to avoid wider gender inequalities institutionalised both within Probation and the Criminal Justice system. It is College Cambridge extremely important to take a closer look on the Probation Service and write a great essay School, its approach towards dealing with the gender issues. It is vital to ask questions and raise doubts about chinese Ross School, its efficiency in satisfying the norms of a proper probation service towards female offenders.
Kemshall’s (1995, p. 85) points out a great, that for now it is writing essay impossible to accurately answer any of these topics as the ‘maleness’ is the norm to which the experiences of women “should” be compared. That practice is deeply rooted therefore following data doesn’t surprise; in how to a great The Storm all Criminal Justice agencies only 9% of the 454 assistant’s recorders are women and only 4% of the essay High Court Judges or Lord Justices of Appeal have two X chromosomes (Crook, 1993). On that example stratification of the pyramidal structure of Probation can be easily compared (but I would like to The Storm, point out that ladies are doing great at essay writing powerpoint the ‘organic work’ [Fig.3]). It is necessary to write, recognise different realities and different points of view to challenge existing power structures. Unfortunately only few areas have developed specialist services for women delivered by women. As relatively knew it is important for them to demonstrate a long term durability as only then the conclusion Haileybury significant data can be obtained; although according to Kemshall (1995, p. How To Write The Storm King. 83) the essay vast majority of mainstream practice remains untouched by the feminist approach and reflects the marginalised nature of service for women (and now dear Reader have a look at the Fig.3 again and how to write a great essay King, analyse the trend after 1995). Kemshall highlights that the only way of changing the Probation Service to be open and ready for new challenges connected with female criminology and write essay, treating females in probation with appropriate measures is a need of complete deconstruction and rebuild of the theoretical base of Probation practice which is essentially masculinist in how to write essay King School orientation. That masculine character of disciplinary procedures, censure and social regulation can be observed on every step of Probation Service which obviously leads to article Mercersburg Academy, discrimination due to the gender. It is not said that this kind of behaviour is intentional but it’s clear that it derive from a strictly male background of practice.
Unfortunately male staff without a proper training will be destined to treat female service users as men or display unnecessary, patronising approach which might be harmful for write essay School the final outcome of the service. That’s why the main goal of modern Probation Service should be actively engaging in introducing its students to modern Feminist Criminology theory to provide necessary comparison with its masculinist counterpart (Kemshall, 1995, p. 87). In Kmeshall’s opinion (1995, p. 90) it is a base that would encourage an active celebration of diversity and validation of the different experiences of both men and women within Probation Service. The main goal is to make students aware of chinese essay School, masculine nature of disciplinary procedures and how these have been reflected in the Probation Service’s response to women offenders. Unfortunately it looks like proposed approach lacks the explanation on how that situation can be changed (there’s a lot of “shoulds” rather than “hows”). That may lead to students trying to “bypass” the new curriculum and stick to the old ‘macho culture’ in order to make it more adoptable for female offenders (but that kind of thinking doesn’t solve the how to write a great School problem). Students should be taught how to critically engage with the problem instead of ‘tackling’ it and getting the ‘job done’. They should be introduced to the topic but not indoctrinated by it.
It seems like the feminist theory must be compulsory for on speech everyone both men and female. What if someone disagree with that concept? Will that person feel as rejected as women for simply differing with them? It should be every student’s own free admission as to agree with that theory or not. It doesn’t mean that by not supporting changes the person will become a bad Probation Worker (change always have in mind difference but not necessary improvement). Maybe it is not the a great The Storm King Feminist Criminal theory to be wildly accepted but the fact that men and women are different not due to the types of essay writing Istituto Marangoni, crimes they commit (which seems to how to a great essay The Storm, be the main distinction) but their modus operandi and the reasons behind it? Maybe there should be stricter division between Probation Service for women and men instead of trying to unify changes between the genders known for ages? Kemshall (1995, p. 90) states that it is also a difficult time for women staff and women offenders. Why is that? It seems like with the introduction of feminist theory people started to realise that there is an actual “problem”.
Readers are bombarded with data of Probation Service being unstaffed by write an essay writing and presentation Abbey College female workers and how ‘macho culture’ is how to write a great essay The Storm School dominant (no wonder if there were, proportionally, few female workers at the time of Kemshall’s publishing) but Kemshall’s still fails to explain why. An Essay And Presentation College. She concentrates on sketching the harsh environment for females in the ranks of Probation Service. The question is; are men creating the “wall” between two genders? Or maybe it is how to King School women’s inability to find themselves in non-female dominated environment [Fig.4]? Female offenders: Assessment of risk in forensic settings. Annette McKeown in writing Haileybury her work (2010) highlights the volume of write The Storm King School, research exploring the application of write an essay and presentation, violence risk assessments to female offender population. She is discussing uncertainties regarding the how to a great School use of essay writing School, these applications on women. The article mainly concentrates on HCR-20 (Historical Clinical Risk Management-20) and King School, VRS-2 (Violence Risk Scale second edition) factors but also mentions PCL-R (Psychopaty Checklist – Revised). They play the key role in ascertaining suitability for treatment, progress following treatment, and informing decision making progression through the criminal justice system (McKeown, 2010, p. Writing A Research Essay Windermere School. 422).
McKeown in her work is questioning the use of these factors in assessing women. She points out that they were developed by men for men and they might not be applicable towards women or at write essay least not that efficient in all fields which might lead to production of writing a good essay conclusion Haileybury, false data which is not only how to essay King misleading for researchers but mainly for female offenders as being badly diagnosed may lead to further complications in processing their convictions in criminal justice system. Does using existing risk assessments on female offenders might not indeed capture the write an argument essay Bishop’s College risk factors of women? That is why a holistic and woman-centred approach in work with female offenders is so recommended (Department of Health, 2002). According to how to essay School, Forouzan Cooke (2005) the construct of psychopathy varies across gender and warrants consideration. To begin with, the examination of existing knowledge on female pathways into offending behaviour is in need for chinese essay writing School closer investigation.
McKeown is trying to answer the write essay question if the meaning of gender difference and its criminal background may indicate a need of finding new assessing techniques or only implementing some changes in the one’s already existing. In her work she critically approaches every technique of assessment risk factors separately concentrating on the research gathered from many different sources which allows the reader to see the wide spectrum of the issue. Unfortunately some data might be questionable in their results as the topic of gender and risk assessment is relatively new and write College, lacks the proper acknowledgement from the scientists that; gender does makes a difference. Write Essay The Storm King. Many reports fail to gather the sufficient number of test samples. For example a recent large scale prospective study of male and female prisoners in England and an essay and presentation Abbey College, Wales was undertaken by Coid et al. How To. (2009) which included 1396 male prisoners and only 321 female prisoners. How comparing such different numbers can give a relatively accurate outcome? Besides, if we take under consideration different motives between two genders in an essay on speech and presentation Cambridge committing offences the how to write essay King School results can be questionable. Some scientists try to overcome the problem of having not enough recipients or too big variation in numbers amongst two genders. In Strand and essay writing, Belfrage (2001) 63 female patients who entered the Swedish forensic facility over 10 years were compared against 85 male patients admitted to two Swedish forensic hospitals in 1998. But once again it is rather debatable how can the group of women across the 10 year period be compared to the group of males just from one certain year? All this may cast a shadow of doubt on McKeown’s work.
Obviously it is not easy to gather the necessary materials in such, fairly new, field. How To A Great Essay. Even thought obtaining data cannot always be easy, it is a good step forward in order to highlight that current methods used to source information and choose respondents should be improved and properly adjusted by an argument essay College the understanding of gender differences. The Criminal Justice System is constantly evolving but the how to write process is slow and sometimes it can be barely seen. The use of stereotypes and prejudice towards women are still present in our everyday life, sometimes fairly condemned as the remains of the “past” era of writing essay, gender intolerance while every now and then unfortunately “enriched” by new cliches. Luckily women’s expectations have changed since the rise of feminist movement. Nowadays women are growing more confident of what they want from the Criminal Justice System, the very same system that was always a domain of how to write a great The Storm King, men, deaf and blind to writing, women’s rights who are a different gender with peculiar needs to fulfil.
But what can be noticed, after closer examination of the three articles composing this bibliographic synopsis, is that Criminal Justice System is becoming more aware of write The Storm King, women’s rights in a research Windermere School the areas of law, criminology and forensic science. Women don’t expect the a great The Storm King School system to magically change all of a sudden. They want to write journal article, play the key role in shaping its future and have an impact on the changes that are yet to come. Who knows maybe we will witness an inner transformation of Criminal Justice System from a ‘macho culture’ into a ‘femme fatale’ one #128521; 1. Coid, J. How To Essay King School. et al. (2009) Gender differences in structured risk assessment: comparing the accuracy of five instruments. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(2), pp.337-348. 2. Crook, F. (1993) ‘Discrimination and the criminal justice system’ in Senior, P. and Williams, B. (eds.) Values, Gender and Offending.
Pavic Publication. 3. Department of Academy, Health (2002) Women’s mental health: Into the how to write The Storm mainstream. Strategic development of mental health care for conclusion women. How To Write Essay The Storm School. London: Department of Health. 4. A Research Windermere. Dominelli, L. (1993) ‘Concluding remarks: gender, values and offending: where to next? A comment on the conference theme’ in Senior, P. and Williams, B. How To Write A Great Essay The Storm King School. (eds.) Values, Gender and Offending. Essay. Pavic Publication. 5. Edwards, S.M. The Storm School. (1984) Women on Trial: A Study of the Female Suspect, Defendant and Offender in the Criminal Law and Criminal Justice System.
Dover, N.H: Manchester University Press. 6. Forouzan, E., and Cooke, D.J. (2005) Figuring out la femme fatale: Conceptual and assessment issues concerning psychopathy in females. Behavioral Science and the Law, 23, pp.765-778. 7. Kemshall, H. (1995) Feminist criminology and probation practice: The implications for teaching DipSW probation courses. Social Work Education, 14(3), pp.79-93.
8. Windermere School. McKeown, A. How To Write. (2010) Female offenders: Assessment of risk in forensic settings. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 15 (2010), pp.422-429. 9. Provine, D.M. (1986) Review: Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice: Edward’s “Women on Trial”. American Bar Foundation Research Journal , 11(3), pp.571-583. “Fight for your rights: Masculinism as a response against inequality.” I chose to essay School, discuss this particular topic as I feel very strongly about the idea of equality and sensible tolerance that should be natural to every single human being. To be honest, for a very long time I haven’t seen a reason to care much about men’s rights.
As a person I was always aware of my statutory Human Rights but never of the particular right’s that only apply to men as a collective. It can be argued that if I don’t feel a need for or I don’t have to rely on certain laws to be able to execute what I think is my legal right anyway, we can simply forget about the subject. So I did, for a while… As a man I sometimes feel like I’m treated worse on behalf of women. Simple little things, starting from how to write a great essay School primary school where my first lesson was that “girls are smarter than boys” [Fig.1] (it was a general consensus between everyone, starting from the members of my family, through all the girls and ending on the teachers) and the second lesson taught me that “under no circumstances boys can hit girls…not even with a flower”[Fig.2]. It can be already noticed how these two examples place boys in “dumb and violent” category while girls are taught that they are “smart and untouchable”. I wonder why no one ever tells girls not to hit boys, especially when at the end of primary school some of them are taller and stronger than many. Of course it’s a common sense not to be violent against anyone without a good reason and obviously everyone should know that…right?
If so, why boys are the group that requires an extra “curriculum” and reminders? There are many other issues involving men in journal Mercersburg education. I will not write about all of how to a great essay King School, them as A – it is write an argument essay College School not really my field and B – I treat this note as a loose opening to a greater discussion. Each of us has a different live form one another, sometimes very peculiar. People that potentially will read this might be from Europe, North America, Asia, Australia and so on. I hope that the example involving early stages of education is something that everyone can, more or less, relate to (…or you may have completely different experiences). Quite often when I try to address my issues with unequal treatment of men by women or by any kind of authority/power I’m accused of being trivial. How To Write A Great The Storm. “Dude, get over it”, “Just be a man and deal with it” or “Oh, grow a pair”, does it sound familiar? I don’t agree with that kind of thinking. As humans we should strive to change the environment around us in order to make it a sphere where everyone can live and have equal opportunity to flourish.
Women can always rely on feminism; a movement aimed at defending women’s rights (in a big shortcut) and chinese essay writing, what about us, men? Feminism was born as a result of how to write a great essay The Storm King School, women feeling oppressed by a good conclusion Haileybury men and their rejection of patriarchy as a system of write a great essay, unfair male dominance. Good for them! If I wish to be petty I could frown upon the fact that the word feminism is not underlined in red by MS Word in contrary to the words maskulinism and masculism. Writing Powerpoint Firenze. Instead I would like things to change. Imbalance of power in how to write a great School public sphere, that men and women share together on daily basis, can lead to bullying of one side. It’s important to stress out that as much as tolerance and equality is writing a research essay vital to obtain, than having a “side” (which may not sound very “equlitish” )and being able to relate yourself to a great The Storm, a certain group is fundamental in achieving a healthy balance. Writing Haileybury. Women have feminism to a great essay The Storm, always back them up. Writing Powerpoint Istituto Firenze. What do men have? We have each other.
I’m not talking about good old “bros before hoes” which can be easily countered with another interesting saying “sister before mister”. I would like to notice that the women’s movement since 19 th century can proudly present us with three waves of feminism that acknowledge the write King School need for constant evolution in order to stay relevant. Why the need for change? Because roles of women in our society continually change. What about men? Do men don’t evolve in relation to essay College School, society’s expectations towards them? It seems that women have their union and men live in an ideological diaspora. Hopefully now dear reader you are a tad more interested in how to essay The Storm King School what masculinism is. Unfortunately quick Google search revealed scarce information. If you go on Wikipedia you’ll notice a big note before the article on masculinism; “This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by essay writing Istituto Firenze adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.” That doesn’t sound promising. The Oxford English Dictionary recognises a masculinist as “An advocate of the rights or needs of how to, men”, short and to the point, I like that one. Unfortunately Merriam-Webster defines a masculinist as a person who “advocates male superiority or dominance”, a lovely biased definition that sounds like what men used to think of feminists (just swap “male” for “female”). Luckily I’ve managed to journal article Mercersburg Academy, find a very good definition in “The Blackwell Dictionary of Western Philosophy” [Fig.3]. My only problem with this definition is its beginning “From a feminist point of view (…)”; maybe it’s about time that definitions regarding male ideology were written from a male point of view? Maybe it’s about time that men start taking care of their own problems instead of leaving all that, how honourable”, work for our female counterparts? Don’t you feel something is not right when a feminist portal undertake defending (in a way…) men’s rights (from a feminist point of view) rather than us men? But men don’t need feminists to tell them “I told us so…” or “Come, you can play with us”.
We should strive to be all equal and stand next to feminists as masculinists and demolish this out-dated system (it might sound very pompous but it is how to write a great The Storm King School necessary). Write Journal Article Academy. Together we can hold it still while you ladies punch it as hard as possible. If what was already said didn’t make you think about the a great King issue of unequal treatment of men and women I have one more fact taken from write on speech and presentation Abbey “An Analysis of Male Victimization” by Dr Malcolm George as a part of Domestic Violence: Findings from how to write The Storm King School a new British Crime Survey self-completion questionnaire (1991). * 4.2% of women and 4.2% of men reported physical assault by journal article Academy a current or former partner in the last year. That statistic shows that we (men and women) are both on the same boat. What’s worrying is the how to a great next set of College, data [Fig.4] showing that even though assault reporting is increasing (great!) in both men and women, men are still less prone to inform anyone about the attack. In my opinion that trend might be linked to campaigns against domestic violence being mostly addressed to women and not men.
Rather than warning and educating about the consequences of how to write a great The Storm King, aggression in a research Windermere School relationship between two human beings they always exhibit men as main perpetrators [Fig.5].
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customs article by Resolution of the Commission of the Customs Union. No. 287 dated July 18, 2010. Part 1. How To A Great Essay School. General Provisions. 1. The present procedure of filling in the passenger customs declaration has been elaborated in accordance with Article 355 in the Customs Code of the Customs Union. 2. The passenger customs declaration form (hereinafter the Declaration) consists of the main form and complementary form named the Declaration of Available Cash and/or Monetary Instruments (hereinafter the write an argument essay, Declaration of Available Cash) which is The Storm a supplement to the main Declaration form and shall be filled in cases provided by the present Procedure.
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Any alterations and additions of the Declaration shall be certified by the signature of the customs applicant and sealed with the personal numbered seal of the customs body authorized official who has registered such Declaration. 8. Chinese Essay Writing. The customs applicant shall indicate necessary data in the Declaration, in particular, by checking off the appropriate boxes (the checked off box means an affirmative answer, otherwise the answer is negative). 9. One copy of the how to a great King, main form of the Declaration and of the complementary form (if filled in) of the Declaration shall be kept in the files of the customs body. 10. The Declaration shall be made in duplicate for the purposes of customs declaring of: - goods imported into the customs territory of the Customs Union in the accompanied baggage, provided the natural person who accompanies the same has the unaccompanied baggage when crossing the border; - goods transported across the customs border in the unaccompanied baggage; - goods with respect to which the customs applicant expresses his/her willingness to identify the same; - transport vehicles for personal use, temporarily imported into the customs territory of the Customs Union. A Good Essay Haileybury. In any other cases the second copy of the Declaration shall be made at will of the customs applicant. The customs applicant may make the Declaration in three or more copies. The central customs body of the Customs Union member-state, namely: the State Customs Committee of the Republic of Belarus – from the Belarusian Party, the Customs Control Committee of the The Storm School, Ministry of essay conclusion Haileybury, Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan – from the Kazakhstan’s Party, the Federal Customs Service – from the Russian Party, may establish the write The Storm School, cases when for declaring the auto- and motor vehicles the Declaration shall be filled in one copy. 11. In the “Entry”, “Departure” boxes the customs applicant shall indicate the write an argument essay Bishop’s, direction of transportation of the goods. 12.
In item 1 of the Declaration the customs applicant shall indicate information about himself/herself, details of his/her identity papers, information on existence or absence of persons under sixteen who travel together with the King School, customs applicant – by ticking the appropriate “Yes”, “No” boxes, and write Bishop’s indicating the goods quantity in The Storm King, the “Quantity” line. 13. In subparagraph 2.1 of powerpoint Marangoni, item 2 of the Declaration the customs applicant, by ticking the appropriate “Yes”, “No” boxes, shall indicate availability or absence of the goods, transported by him/her in the accompanied baggage. Should such goods be available, the a great essay, total number of items of baggage shall be indicated in figures in the “Quantity of items” line in subparagraph 2.1, item 2 of the writing powerpoint Istituto, Declaration. 14. In subparagraph 2.2 of item 2 of the Declaration the customs applicant, by ticking the appropriate “Yes”, “No” boxes, shall indicate availability or absence of the goods, transported by him in the unaccompanied baggage. Should such goods be available, the total number of items of baggage shall be indicated in figures in the “Quantity of items” line in subparagraph 2.2, item 2 of the Declaration. Write A Great Essay The Storm King. At the point of arrival at the customs territory of the Customs Union, such information shall be treated as a notification to the customs body of availability or absence of the goods transported in the unaccompanied baggage with the customs applicant. 15. Write On Speech College Cambridge. In subparagraph 2.3 of item 2 of the Declaration the customs applicant, by how to write, ticking the essay powerpoint Istituto Marangoni, appropriate “Yes”, “No” boxes, shall indicate availability or absence of his/her goods transported by the carrier. How To Write A Great King School. Should such goods be available, the total number of items of baggage shall be indicated in figures in the “Quantity of write Mercersburg Academy, items” line in how to essay, subparagraph 2.3, item 2 of the Declaration.
16. Writing Istituto Firenze. In subparagraph 3.1, item 3 of the Declaration the customs applicant, by ticking the appropriate “Yes”, “No” boxes, shall indicate availability or absence with him/her of cash currency of the Customs Union member-states, travel cheques, to the total amount not exceeding USD 10000 in the equivalent. At will of the customs applicant, information on a great essay The Storm available cash currency and travel cheques shall be indicated in this subparagraph. The type of currency or kind of a monetary instrument – “travel cheques” shall be indicated in the “Name” line. Chinese Essay Writing Ross School. The sum shall be indicated in the units of currency (currency of the travel cheques’ par value).
17. In subparagraph 3.2, item 3 of the write a great School, Declaration the customs applicant shall notify of availability with him/her of write essay, cash currency of the Customs Union member-states, foreign currency, travel cheques to the amount exceeding USD 10000 in the equivalent and/or bills of credit, (bank) cheques, by write essay The Storm School, ticking the appropriate “Yes”, “No” boxes. Should the a research essay, answer be “Yes”, the how to write a great essay School, customs applicant shall fill in a complementary form – the Declaration of Available Cash. Should the writing a research essay, mentioned goods be transported, information on such goods shall be entered in the Declaration of Available Cash. 18. In subparagraph 3.3, item 3 of the Declaration the customs applicant, by ticking the appropriate “Yes”, “No” boxes, shall notify of availability with him/her of any transported vehicles for personal use. How To Essay King. Additionally, information of such vehicles, separately for each kind thereof, shall be indicated in this subparagraph.
An Additional Sheet for each vehicle shall be filled in. 19. Essay Writing Powerpoint Istituto. In subparagraph 3.4, item 3 of the Declaration the customs applicant, by ticking the appropriate “Yes”, “No” boxes, shall notify of availability with him/her of goods with respect to which any bans or restrains have been imposed by the legislation of the Customs Union. Should such goods be available, information on such goods, and also information on the documents evidencing of complying with such restrains, and on the body which have issued the same, shall be indicated in item 4 of the Declaration. 20. How To Write The Storm. In subparagraph 3.5, item 3 of the Declaration the customs applicant, by ticking the write Bishop’s College, appropriate “Yes”, “No” boxes, shall notify of availability with him/her of any indivisible goods which weight exceeds 35 kg and/or goods which total weight exceeds 50 kg and/or which total customs value exceeds EUR 1500.
Should such goods be available, detailed information on the same shall be indicated in item 4 of the Declaration. 21. In item 4 of the Declaration the customs applicant shall indicate the following information on the goods mentioned in subparagraphs 3.4, 3.5, the a great essay King School, goods subject to customs declaring, and other goods at essay writing powerpoint Firenze will of the natural person; 1) name and distinguishing features (what material such goods are manufactured of, colour, shape, brand, identification numbers (if any); 2) details of the documents evidencing of observance of the restrains; 3) weight/ number; 4) cost of goods (in the currency of the Customs Union member-state, Euro or US dollars). Should the Declaration be made with respect to goods transported in the unaccompanied baggage – if such baggage has been accepted for transportation by write a great, the air carrier as the accompanied one, but in the course of transportation, by chinese essay Ross, any reason beyond control of the natural person, has not been delivered to the destination place simultaneously with arrival of such natural person – the customs applicant, apart from information mentioned in the first part of The Storm King, this item, shall indicate the a good essay conclusion Haileybury, details of documents about transfer of such baggage to such air carrier or other documents enabling to identify such baggage. 22. A Great King School. When filling in Additional Sheets of the essay writing, Declaration, the customs applicant shall make an entry: “sheet No.___ ” in the upper right-hand corner of the how to write essay, sheet face, and information on the customs applicant of the writing essay Haileybury, transported goods shall be indicated there (surname, name, patronymic, his/her country of residence and how to a great essay The Storm King School identity document (series and an essay on speech writing and presentation College Cambridge number of the passport or other identity document) mentioned in item 1 of the how to write The Storm King School, Main Sheet.
When filling in Additional Sheets of the Declaration, the customs applicant shall make an entry: “ _______Additional Sheets”; quantity of such Additional Sheets shall be indicated in words. 23. All copies of the Declaration (Main and write an essay on speech writing College Cambridge Additional Sheets) shall be signed by the customs applicant or the authorized person of the how to a great The Storm School, customs official; date of filling in writing Istituto Marangoni Firenze, the Declaration shall be indicated on the Sheets. At submission of the Declaration, the following information shall be indicated in the Declaration by the customs official below the signature: - registration number of the essay King School, customs official in the customs official register; - position, surname, name, patronymic of the customs official’s worker, engaged in customs operations; - number of the document on writing Firenze the basis of which the customs official carries out customs operations in the name of the customs applicant. Part 3. Write Essay School. Procedure of Filling in the Declaration of Available Cash. 24. Write An Essay Cambridge. The Declaration of Available Cash shall be filled in when transporting: - money in cash (bank notes and coins, except for coins of a great essay School, precious metals) and travel cheques to the amount exceeding USD 10 thousand in the equivalent; - other monetary instruments in the documentary form (bills of credit, (bank) cheques, securities to essay Bishop’s College School, bearer confirming payment obligations of the issuer (debtor) wherein no person is indicated to how to write a great School, whom such payment shall be made).
When filling in the form, information on all transported cash, travel cheques, and write an essay and presentation Abbey monetary instruments shall be indicated. 25. A Great. The Declaration of Available Cash shall be made in duplicate and signed by the customs applicant. Additionally, the customs applicant shall indicate the date of writing a good essay, filling in the form. One copy of the Declaration of Available Cash together with the Main Form shall be kept in how to King, the customs body. The second copy of the Declaration of Available Cash, bearing an appropriate note made by the customs body, shall be kept by write an essay on speech writing Abbey College Cambridge, the customs applicant. 26.
In item 1 of the Declaration of write King, Available Cash the customs applicant shall indicate information about himself/herself. A Research. Residential (registration) address in the territory of the Customs Union and a great The Storm School details of the document evidencing the right to stay at the territory of the Customs Union (if any) shall be indicated by the persons who are not the citizens of the Customs Union member-states. 27. In subparagraph 2.1 in the Declaration of Available Cash the customs applicant shall indicate the write an essay College, amount of each kind of transported currency in the currency units, including currency of the Customs Union member-states. 28.
In subparagraph 2.2 in the Declaration of Available Cash the customs applicant shall indicate the par value or the appropriate amount in the currency of the Customs Union member-state or foreign currency the right to which is confirmed by School, the monetary instrument. Should there be no par value or should it be impossible to calculate the amount in the currency of the Customs Union member-state or foreign currency the right to which is confirmed by the monetary instrument, the quantity of exported monetary instruments shall be indicated. 29. Should cash money so transported be not the property of the natural person, the customs applicant shall make “another person” note in item 3. Should “another person” note be made, the customs applicant shall indicate, in subparagraph 3.1, the name and location address (legal address) of the enterprise, company or organization to which such transported money and/or monetary instruments belong. 30. Essay College School. Should the customs applicant indicate “Other” in item 4 or 5 of the Declaration of a great King, Available Cash, also the source of writing Windermere, income or intended use of the how to a great The Storm King, declared money and/or monetary instruments shall be indicated. 31. In item 6 of the Declaration of Available Cash, initial point of travel (the country from which such declared money and/or monetary instruments have been or are exported) shall be indicated by the customs applicant in the “Country of departure” box; and the country which is a terminal point of the writing a research Windermere School, customs applicant’s travel shall be indicated in the “Country of arrival” box. Respectively, the date of departure shall be the date of exit from the country of how to essay King, departure, and the date of an essay writing Cambridge, arrival shall be the date of entry to the terminal point of travel. 32.
In subparagraph 6.1 of the Declaration the customs applicant shall indicate the type of transport, by which he/she has arrived at the Customs Union territory or will leave the Customs Union territory. 1. Central Customs Directorate (CTU) 2. Siberian Customs Directorate (STU) 3. North Western Customs Directorate (SZTU) Kaliningrad Customs Directorate.
4. Southern Customs Directorate (JTU) 5. Privolzhsky Customs Directorate (PTU) 6. Urals Customs Directorate (UTU) 7. Far Eastern Customs Directorate (DVTU) 8. North Caucasus Customs Directorate (SKTU) © 2005-2017 FEDERAL CUSTOMS SERVICE.
PRESS OFFICE: +7 (499) 449-7252; Department of work with citizens (Public Liaison Office of the FCS of Russia) +7 499 449-7771, +7 499 449-7675 FAX +7 (499) 449-7300.