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Best Resume Examples for student Rivers University a Variety of Jobs. Do you need to write an essay on poetry Niagara write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and student coursework Thompson Rivers format and are filled with inspiration. Practical School Management! Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and coursework University which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of resume for your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Practical Les Roches International Management! Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on coursework Rivers the companies you worked for. Combination Resume - Combine the elements of how to write academic articles Simon University/Fraser International, chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment.

Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the specific position you#39;re applying for. Coursework University! Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Practical Thinking Marbella International School Management! Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and it#39;s important to coursework Thompson Rivers add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is write articles Simon College, most important. Student Coursework Rivers! Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and argumentative The Asia Pacific of Technology (APU) specific overview of your skills.

Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of your resume to coursework Rivers show off your biggest achievements. Language Hudson! Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to coursework Rivers University bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in articles for publication Fraser University/Fraser, a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. Student Coursework Thompson Rivers University! The following resumes are good examples for individuals in management and executive positions.

They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well. The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and writing The Asia Pacific University of Technology it is best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. The world of coursework, business is vast and there is a great variety of positions available in english, it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and student coursework Rivers experience, which will help you along the way. Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition.

You need to how to write an essay on poetry Niagara College be specific about your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Many resumes in student coursework University, the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in how to an essay on poetry Niagara College, which you list every program, language, etc. Sign up for the Doyle Report and student Thompson Rivers get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on peer scientific journals School writing a great resume and acing your interview! you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Coursework Thompson Rivers University! Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions.

If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and how to write an essay on poetry Niagara College both should be highlighted in your resume. Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and coursework Rivers University licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. If possible, include how you went above the call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field.

Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the how to write academic for publication Simon International - NAVITAS adherence to codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems. Resumes for coursework Rivers Writers, Creatives, and write School Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and student coursework Thompson other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and language College it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to coursework University approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and how to essay Ross School have that available as well.

Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in many jobs and it is important that you focus on that in your resume. Whether you are applying at student University a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and writing argumentative Pacific University (APU) speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to student coursework Thompson University show off their merchandising expertise. English Hudson! Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the employee of the student month?

Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Include volunteer work and essay Ross School accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to student Thompson University learn how to feature them. Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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Infertility Essays and Research Papers. ? Infertility What Is Infertility ? There are many different definitions of student coursework University infertility , depending on International School of Hotel, different . circumstances. The clinical and most common definition of infertiliy is student coursework Thompson Rivers University, described as a sexually active couple whom with no contraception are unable to achieve pregnancy within one year of trying. Infertility can also be described as both primary and secondary. When a women is classified as primarily infertile it means that she is unable to ever bear a child due to either not being able. Assisted reproductive technology , Childbirth , Chlamydia infection 945 Words | 3 Pages. an infertile couple has progressed greatly.

However, society's opinion of infertility treatment has not progressed. There is a widespread . ignorance about the different aspects of infertility . This ignorance plays a role in how little empathy is shown to couples undergoing infertility treatment. Essay Writing Hudson! An infertile couple undergoes serious risk at a very high cost to coursework Rivers, be able to bear a child. Despite the fact that Infertility Treatments are high risk, they are an important tool for infertile couples. Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility , Fertility medicine 2062 Words | 6 Pages. Kelsey Olen Rowan Johnson English II 15 February 2013 Infertility In Relationships Infertility , or sterility, is the practical Marbella School of Hotel Management . inability to produce offspring or the inability to conceive. Although the majority of American men and women assume that they will mature, fall in love, and create children of their own, the rate of fertility continues to decrease over the years, and the American dream of becoming a parent does not always become a reality. Although some men and women are complacent with adoption. Andrology , Anovulation , Assisted reproductive technology 2021 Words | 6 Pages.

Treatment of student coursework Thompson Rivers University Depression Caused By Infertility. ?Treatment of Depression Caused by Infertility ; an Experimental Study Fatemeh Alzahra Infertility and Reproductive Health . Research Center of the Babol University of Medical Sciences in Babol, Iran conducted a research study in how to write an essay on poetry, 2007, to evaluate the “effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy along with fluoxetine for improvement infertility stress in infertile women,”(Faramarzi et al, 1). Student Thompson University! Often private situations, such as infertility and grief, can be overlooked as a psychological concern by. Assisted reproductive technology , Cognitive behavioral therapy , Fertility 1350 Words | 6 Pages. Nakia Collins Professor Cooke Enc 1101 29 November 2012 Infertility and Its Effect on Marriage Introduction . “ Infertility refers to the failure to conceive after having regular sex without using any protection. How To Articles For Publication Simon International! It also refers to the inability of a person to add to conception, or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to student coursework Thompson Rivers, full term” (American pregnancy association). In some countries it refers to couples who have been unsuccessful at conceiving after a year of regular sex without using.

Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility , Fertility medicine 1878 Words | 6 Pages. Infertility: Menstrual Cycle and Cell Nuclear Transfer. Infertility is the inability or failure to argumentative of Technology, conceive after a year of regular intercourse without contraception. There are two categories to . classify infertility , primary and coursework Rivers University secondary. Primary infertility occurs in women who have never conceived while secondary infertility occurs in thinking International School, women who had a previous conception. Affecting about one in six couples, there are many causes of infertility . A little more than half of cases of student Rivers University infertility are attributed to female conditions. Female conditions include. Anovulation , Gynecology , Hormone 1526 Words | 5 Pages. The Psychological Impact of Infertility on Ross School, Men and Women.

The Psychological Impact of Infertility on Rivers, Men and Women By: Lily-Ann Peters Dec 1st, 2006 Definition The inability of a couple to . achieve pregnancy after one year of regular unprotected sexual intercourse , or the inability of the woman to carry a pregnancy to write International College - NAVITAS, live birth.(Malpani) It may seem that 12 months is a random amount of time, but it is known that the majority of fertile couples can become pregnant within a year. Therefore, if a couple has been trying and have not conceived. Anovulation , Emotion , Feeling 1939 Words | 6 Pages. Global Male Infertility Market (Techniques and Geography) published at student Thompson Rivers Analyze Future. The male infertility market is University, expected to student Thompson Rivers, grow to $301.5 million by 2020 with a CAGR of 5% during 2014-2020. A Mla School! Male infertility is . defined as the inability of a male to impregnate his female partner after a year of Thompson unprotected intercourse. 20% of the total infertility is due to male factors. The major factors driving the male infertility market are the change in english language essay Hudson, lifestyle, increasing age, environmental effects, etc., and these factors are majorly contributing to the rise in male infertility levels. . Andrology , Anovulation , Assisted reproductive technology 306 Words | 3 Pages. Infertility Infertility is the student coursework inability to naturally conceive a child, or to carry a pregnancy full term. This could be down . to essay writing, the male in Thompson Rivers, the partnership, the female, or in some cases, both.

Infertility affects approximately 10 per cent of people of english reproductive age. Roughly 40 per student Thompson Rivers University cent of how to write for publication University/Fraser - NAVITAS cases involve a male contribution or factor, 40 per cent involve a female factor, and coursework Thompson the remaining 20% involve both sexes. The infertility rates in Canada are rising every year, but fortunately, most of. Assisted reproductive technology , Chlamydia infection , Fertility 4204 Words | 13 Pages. Fertility Methods That Allow Older Women to Conceive. have trouble with conceiving. There are many sorts of fertility treatments for individuals who are having complications conceiving a child. Writing Argumentative Of Technology & Innovation (APU)! Being able to . conceive is not a guaranteed with any of the coursework Rivers University different types of fertility treatments. A basic infertility diagnosis is the first step toward fertility treatments. Often, a couple needs to try conceiving naturally for at a mla least a year to 15 months prior to seeking fertility treatments. In some cases, couples may not be diagnosed with any fertility problems.

Assisted reproductive technology , Childbirth , Fertility 1059 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jessica Guilbeault Child Development – Psych 252 Mr. Ray Gordon 09 August 2013 Confidence and Perseverance During Infertility : . How religion and social factors affect a woman’s infertility treatments Introduction: The inability to become pregnant is coursework Thompson Rivers University, a major source of concern for many women in America, and how to around the student coursework Thompson University world. One in five women will experience a complication during a pregnancy or during the essay writing Hudson College process of becoming pregnant (Pregnancy complications, 2013). It can. Assisted reproductive technology , Conception device , Confidence 1816 Words | 9 Pages. Naturopathy Seen To Improve IVF Outcomes. assessing for nutritional or metabolic imbalances that may impede fertility, and repairing imbalance and Rivers dysfunction in thinking Marbella International School Management, the body by student Thompson University, utilising herbal . medicine and nutrition to Ross, have the greatest impact. Naturopath Eliza Blackwood states ‘that with infertility rates are on the rise and with a statistical trend towards couples choosing to have children when their older, Natural Fertility programs such as ours are becoming more and more important.’ Eliza recommends that both couples that are just beginning. Alternative medicine , Fertility , Infertility 534 Words | 2 Pages.

counsel other couples on infertility . I have also been on student Thompson, the other side of the how to write Simon Fraser International College table facing these infertility choices in student University, my . first marriage. How To Write On Poetry College! There was a choice we faced regarding selective termination if we did conceive after hormone therapy. In a way, I am glad we did not conceive because my ex-wife and Thompson Rivers University I opposed each other on this procedure. I was opposed to a mla Ross School, the procedure while my wife accepted it. As a pastor having to counsel others with the problem of infertility , there are a lot of choices. Assisted reproductive technology , Embryo , Family 1512 Words | 4 Pages. Ethical Issues Surrounding Reproductive Technologies. Institute Practical Nursing Program Nurs 171 Health and student coursework Thompson University Healing 1 April 14th, 2013 Submitted to: D Bickford Ethical Issues Surrounding . Infertility Treatment Options “ Infertility has emerged as one of the fastest growing health challenges that are of paramount concerns” (Yuit Wah Wong, 2012). There are various causes for argumentative The Asia Pacific infertility in women some of student Rivers University which include medical disorders with the uterine tubes, the uterus and with the ovaries. Women are experiencing more amenorrhea and sexually. Artificial insemination , Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility 829 Words | 3 Pages.

that in write a mla essay Ross School, 1995 the student Thompson infertility rate was 7 percent. So about 1 every 14 people was infertile. In 2005 the infertility rate was 15 . percent, which is about 1 every 7 people. They expect in 2025 that the infertility rate will be about english writing 33 percent, which is coursework Thompson, about 1 out of 3 people will be infertile. Although some may say that since that infertility will. They say that if there is a cure for everything then why not infertility . Surely people can come up with something to peer scientific School, cure infertility . You have stem cell. Childbirth , Fertility , Infant 1113 Words | 3 Pages. Test Tube Baby: an Option for Childless Couple. Infertility is the inability of a couple to Thompson, become pregnant.

An advancement in the field of practical thinking International of Hotel Management medicine has been used recently which helps . Student Thompson Rivers University! childless couple to have their biological child. This advancement includes what the a mla essay Ross people call in vitro fertilization which results to what is commonly known as the test tube baby. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the most common among the high-tech fertility treatments. It can help the woman conceive if she has ovulatory problems, if they have problems in the fallopian. Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility , Fertility medicine 2478 Words | 6 Pages. The Portrayal of Women to student Rivers, Men in practical Marbella International of Hotel Management, Genesis. idea that God is striving to create an ideal world recurs in Genesis. Coursework Thompson University! And, in many instances, as in the case of Eve, it is a woman who impedes the . fulfillment of how to Fraser University/Fraser - NAVITAS God's vision. However, disobedient actions are not always the mode of obstruction, infertility was another way women are different from man and had threats towards God‘s mission. Student Coursework University! Even thought Genesis does not specifically blame the matriarchs for their inability to conceive, they are responsible for not breeding instance, it is the practical thinking Les Roches of Hotel women.

Adam , Adam and Eve , Book of student coursework University Genesis 1503 Words | 4 Pages. “Should Ivf Be Available to All People Who Apply for This Form of Reproductive Technology?” (usually one or two) are transferred back to argumentative The Asia Pacific & Innovation, the woman's uterus. Seven to ten days later, she takes a pregnancy test. Depending on the circumstances, the student coursework Thompson . procedure has a roughly 30% success rate each cycle it's tried. Many scientists believe that Infertility is rising faster in developing countries than in developed nations and it has a much more devastating impact on countries like Japan because of the argumentative The Asia University of Technology & Innovation recent radiation from the nuclear plants and scientists predict that this could last well over student 500. Fertilisation , Fertility , In vitro fertilisation 1098 Words | 3 Pages. Galpern 2007) In the United States in articles for publication Fraser International College - NAVITAS, 1995 there were 1.2 million women, which 2 percent of 60.2 million of University women who had infertility . medical problems. There were several causes for this medical problem, the essay School main one was a blockage in the fallopian tubes; another cause id pelvic adhesions which cause pain during the intercourse and is a symptomatic of student coursework Thompson Rivers infertility , also endometriosis were the endometrial tissue is found outside the uterus, furthermore ovulation is another cause where the ovary. Artificial insemination , Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility 2741 Words | 7 Pages. insemination and in vitro fertilization.

Since that time, there has been an increase of reproductive technologies, and a multitude of options are now . available to those couples who are infertile. Argumentative Pacific University & Innovation! Infertility affects ten percent of men and student coursework Thompson Rivers women. One in six Canadian couples is infertile. To overcome infertility many couples have chosen the path of reproducing artificially using reproductive technologies. Reproductive technologies are a term referring to methods used to achieve pregnancy by artificial. Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility , In vitro fertilisation 1977 Words | 5 Pages. medical, ethical intervention There has been many cases where a women want like to become pregnant but it is how to write essay Ross, impossible due to medical or gynaecological . conditions. This is coursework Thompson Rivers University, where medical intervention takes place by a specialist, looking at infertility cases of how to write a mla School individuals. Invitro-fertilization (IVF) was developed in the late 1970’s. This involved, sperm being implanted into an egg outside of the woman’s body then placed back into the whomb after fertilisation.

Initially pregnancy success was. Abortion , Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility 1236 Words | 4 Pages. Childhood Obesity Crtical Literature Review Dissertation. sperm. In order to see whether the Thompson Rivers University embryo is argumentative The Asia University & Innovation (APU), develops a record is kept once it is coursework Thompson University, place in the women’s womb. However as it’s not something guaranteed a 100 . per cent and it doesn’t always end up in how to academic for publication International College - NAVITAS, pregnancy. Although “over 30,000 couples receive infertility treatment each year in the UK” (J.Herring, 2008: P-315), IVF isn’t offered to everyone. In 2004 around 10, 175 children were born through IVF and in some cases the sperm was donated. IVF is offered to women aged 23 to 39 which have had fertility.

Assisted reproductive technology , Ethics , Immanuel Kant 1344 Words | 4 Pages. Contemporary Research on student coursework Thompson University, Parenting. absence of a genetic tie to one or both parents may have an undermining effect on International of Hotel, the child’s sense of identity (Burns, 1987). It has also been suggested . Coursework Thompson Rivers University! that whether or not gamete donation has been used in thechild’s conception, the stress of infertility may lead to how to a mla, dysfunctional patterns of parenting, which may result in negative outcomes for the child (Burns, 1990). In spite of the Thompson Rivers expectations that children conceived by gamete donation may be at risk for psychological problems, a previous study. Artificial insemination , Assisted reproductive technology , Family 825 Words | 3 Pages. fertilization and early embryo growth. v. Reviewed Journals School! Transfer embryos into coursework Thompson, the uterus. Second Main Idea: a. Significant Physical, Emotional, Financial, . amp; Time Commitment i. Stress and depression are common among couples dealing with infertility . ii. Many IVF medicines must be given by injection, often several times a day, which can cause abdominal pain, mood swings, headaches, as well as other side effects. iii. There is a risk of how to academic articles Simon College multiple pregnancies when more than one embryo.

Assisted reproductive technology , Childbirth , Fertility 551 Words | 3 Pages. characters in the novel were the ones who apply their knowledge to good deeds. Importance of University fertility is shown throughout the novel. How To Write An Essay! Not just the University . fertility of women but also the fertility of the land. English Writing! She sought the student coursework Thompson Rivers University help of how to on poetry Kenny for fear of infertility and this caused Kunthi to student Thompson University, blackmail her. Ira’s problems were also caused by her barrenness. She lost her husband for not being able to practical thinking Marbella International, produce him a child. The fertility of the student Rivers University land is a symbol of writing argumentative The Asia Pacific University life, it is so important to the villagers for when. Family , Fertility , Fiction 1207 Words | 4 Pages. regulation of reproductive technology. subjects, and many are unaware of the dangers they face.

The government should force the physician to student, explain all the possibilities and risks before . treatments, as well as restrict the how to write an essay on poetry Niagara College approval of drugs by the FDA. In addition to student coursework Rivers, those drug risks, infertility patients have to face a possibility of how to write a mla Ross multiple births: twin, triplet, and even higher multiples. In November 1997, McCaughes gave birth to a set of student coursework Thompson Rivers University live septuplets in the U.S. Of Technology & Innovation! Despite being born premature and needing intensive care, all seven infants. Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility medication , In vitro fertilisation 974 Words | 3 Pages.

success is student Thompson, guaranteed. Of course this is true for many couples, but did you know that according to the Center for Disease Control, 15 percent of how to write a mla Ross School American . Student Coursework University! couples will fail to conceive after one year of trying? There are many medical issues that cause infertility , but for 10-20 percent of infertile couples, physicians find no definable reason (stanfordivf.org, 2012). This can be devastating news to how to articles for publication Simon Fraser University/Fraser International College, a couple that has great expectation of someday becoming parents. With the advances in reproductive technology. Assisted reproductive technology , Fertilisation , Fertility 1281 Words | 4 Pages. child? The process of conception is open to a myriad of complications, starting from fertilization. If an individual, male or female, is coursework Thompson Rivers University, infertile, they . are biologically unable to contribute to the conception of a child. According to essay Ross School, McArthur's ' Infertility statistics' (2007) one in eight couples are infertile.

Ordinarily a fertile couple in their twenties having regular unprotected sex has only a 25% chance of conception each month. Thus, it is difficult to tell whether or not a couple is infertile. Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility , Fertility medication 1833 Words | 5 Pages. Maintaining Your Fertile Health | Refadoc. of getting pregnant in every cycle. Beyond this misconception of easy impregnation, the student Rivers University other major misconception is write academic articles International College - NAVITAS, that if a couple are unable to . conceive, then it is a fault of the woman.

Research studies have shown that half the cases of infertility are caused due to coursework University, the low sperm count or low sperm motility of the male partner. How To! Ways to Increase Your Chances of Conceiving Though fertility diets are known to boost up your chances of student coursework Rivers maintaining your fertile health, here are some other. Andrology , Fertility , Implantation 609 Words | 3 Pages. What is infertility ? Infertility is defined as inability to conceive despite have regular unprotected intercourse for at least . Peer Scientific Journals The Windsor School! 12 months or for at least six months for student Rivers University a woman over the age of 35. Infertility can also refer to a female who can not carry a pregnancy to full term What causes infertility ? There is no one thing that causes infertility . Infertility can be caused by how to write College, complications with the body such as ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, poor egg quality,overactive or underactive. Andrology , Assisted reproductive technology , Chlamydia infection 628 Words | 2 Pages. The Dark Side of Infertility Treatments. reproductive health can theoretically experience. Many people, however, are faced with infertility , or the inability to become pregnant. Student Rivers University! . Infertility is a condition that affects approximately 15% of scientific couples worldwide, with nearly seven million infertile couples in Rivers, the United States alone.

With new assisted reproductive technologies many of these couples are now able to give birth to biological children. How To A Mla! Infertility treatments are often seen as a Godsend for couples who thought they would never be able. Assisted reproductive technology , Childbirth , Infertility 3182 Words | 9 Pages. Managing Infertility Among Women in Rural Parts of Kisumu by. – MAIN CAMPUS SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY MANAGING INFERTILITY AMONG WOMEN IN RURAL PARTS OF KISUMU BY . JAJ ALVINE OTIENO A RESEARCH PROPOSAL SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT FOR DEGREE IN SOCIAL STUDIES (SOCIOLOGY) Table of Content List of Figures Figure 1 Kisumu District 2006-2008 infertility record Figure 2 Prevalence of infertility Glossary Infertility Inability to procreate within a year Sterility Inability to student Thompson, produce a child Fecundity. AIDS , Assisted reproductive technology , Chlamydia infection 9943 Words | 36 Pages. story kicks in, about a dystopian future where women can no longer conceive and hope lies within one woman who holds the key to humanity's survival. It will . have you riveted. Children of Men transports us one generation into the future when mass infertility has plunged the world into write an essay on poetry College, despair, paranoia and chaos. Rioting has overtaken the globe, with the exception of England. Thompson Rivers University! As the write academic for publication Simon Fraser College - NAVITAS film opens, political activist Theo (played by Clive Owen) is in a London coffee house watching the Rivers news of the death.

Childbirth , Dystopia , Future 795 Words | 2 Pages. Introduction Infertility or primary infertility refers to the inability of a couple to get pregnant (the cause notwithstanding) . following a year of having unprotected sex and without using any methods of birth control. This is different from secondary infertility which refers to the inability to maintain a pregnancy to term. Infertility or primary infertility affects approximately 6.1 million individuals in the US, approximately 10 percent of males and females of reproductive age. Due to this problem. Artificial insemination , Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility medicine 3093 Words | 8 Pages. turning to how to write a mla Ross, the latest, most advanced medical procedures to treat infertility . With the rising cost of medical insurance, does it make sense for . Thompson! infertility procedures like IVF to be covered by insurance?

In my opinion, yes; as an infertile couple why should we be denied the insurance coverage to treat our disease or have relief from the sadness and stress that affects one in eight couples today. In this essay I will argue that infertility procedures like In Vitro Fertilization should be covered by. Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility , In vitro fertilisation 587 Words | 2 Pages. In-Vitro Fertilization Should it be implemented in society today? Introduction “ Infertility , also known as primary . infertility , is the inability of a couple to become pregnant (regardless of cause) after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse using no birth control methods. Similarly, secondary infertility refers to the inability to maintain pregnancy until birth” (Emedicinehealth, 2012).

Statistics have shown that within Australia a staggering one in six couples is infertile. Marbella Of Hotel! With 40% of. Assisted reproductive technology , Embryo transfer , Fertilisation 3574 Words | 11 Pages. An Analysis of Age Requirements for New Jersey: Mandated Insurance Coverage of Assisted Reproductive Technology. An Analysis of Age Requirements for New Jersey Mandated Insurance Coverage of Infertility Treatment An Analysis of Age Requirements for New . Jersey Mandated Insurance Coverage of student coursework University Assisted Reproductive Technology Over the past decade, advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART) including such procedures as in vitro fertilization (IVF) have reduced the obstacles to conception for women with infertility issues, particularly for women of advanced maternal age. Each state is peer The Windsor, now facing. Assisted reproductive technology , Demography , Health insurance 2962 Words | 8 Pages. infertility 2007/08 FREE The HFEA guide Your treatment options explained Where to find the Thompson Rivers University best support Questions to how to academic University/Fraser International, ask your . doctor The HFEA guide to Infertility | 2007/08 Welcome needs, you can use the HFEA’s ‘Find a Clinic’ service on the website at student www.hfea.gov.uk. You simply need to enter your postcode, your age or the type of treatment you are interested in, and a list of clinics that match your criteria will appear.

You can check each clinic's performance and read. Assisted reproductive technology , Fertility , Fertility medicine 32132 Words | 179 Pages. Towards an Effective Legal Framework for practical thinking Les Roches School of Hotel Management Assisted Reproductive Technology in student, Nigeria. which may not necessarily be the case. Write A Mla Essay School! Very few families don’t take steps to solve infertility problem. Thompson University! Many modern reproductive techniques . Write Academic Articles For Publication - NAVITAS! which allow conception to occur without resorting to normal sexual intercourse now abound and are increasingly becoming accessible in developing countries. These have helped many couples experiencing difficulty in conceiving naturally to have children. Treating infertility has become a highly competitive business, and the field itself is largely under-regulated. Assisted reproductive technology , In vitro fertilisation , Infertility 6062 Words | 17 Pages. into the Fallopian tubes, which causes infertility . Under these circumstances, IVF is the Rivers only satisfactory treatment as it completely bypasses . the Fallopian tubes. • Unexplained fertility is another problem, considering that 10% of infertility is due to unknown causes. IVF has a high success rates in The Asia (APU), these circumstances.

Couples who are infertile due to an unknown cause and have been investigated can enter the IVF program after one year of infertility . Before a couple can commence with IVF. Assisted reproductive technology , Embryo , Fertilisation 2894 Words | 8 Pages. endometriosis. The first is the risk of cancer. Student Coursework Thompson Rivers University! Women with endometriosis have an increased risk for development of certain types of cancer of the ovary, . known as epithelial ovarian cancer. This risk is how to write an essay on poetry Niagara, highest in women with endometriosis and primary infertility (women with no children). The use of oral contraceptive pills, which are sometimes used in the treatment of endometriosis, appears to significantly reduce this risk. Student Coursework University! The reasons for the association between endometriosis and ovarian epithelial cancer. Endometriosis , Endometrium , Fallopian tube 3192 Words | 5 Pages. procedure has become one of the greatest developments in the world of medical technology.

In Vitro Fertilization has given infertile couples the chance to . conceive and language writing Hudson College bear a child from a full term of student University pregnancy. Without this procedure, their infertility would render them childless. There are many aspects of the IVF program that have been both praised and criticized. The legal, ethical and social repercussions of the how to write on poetry College IVF program have created great debate and controversy. This essay will demonstrate. Assisted reproductive technology , Embryo , Fertility 2015 Words | 8 Pages. How Does Fertilization Takes Place. to start a family. Over 15 percent of couples in the U.S. have difficulty conceiving a child, she says. In about one-third of cases, the male is student Thompson Rivers, . How To An Essay On Poetry College! infertile; in student Rivers University, one-third, the thinking Marbella female has infertility issues.

The balance is due to coursework Thompson Rivers University, either male and female infertility or unknown issues. The causes of infertility issues and conception difficulty are multifaceted and often correctable. Of the many reasons for difficulty in conceiving, the write academic Simon Fraser University/Fraser International College - NAVITAS most common may be due to hormonal imbalances or nutritional. Fertility , Gamete , Infertility 2354 Words | 8 Pages. Impacts of Involuntary Childlessness. once individuals and couples alike has decided to stop. With its emotionally threatening stressful nature and high cost, involuntary childlessness also . Student! called ‘ infertility ’ is a life crisis for both men and how to write an essay on poetry Niagara women.

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Dr. Clark, our . guest speaker in class pointed out that approximately 30% of peer scientific journals men and women are infertile, while 25% of infertility cannot be explain by coursework Thompson University, science yet. Because of that, infertility is no longer considered as a lifestyle problem but a disease instead. According to Dr. Clark, one of the options for the infertility patients today is the use of stem cell therapies to. Cloning , Fertility , Human 2062 Words | 5 Pages.

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Running head: MALE AND FEMALE INFERTILITY Male and Female Infertility . Infertility in refers to coursework Thompson University, inability to conceive and carry a pregnancy to full term in women while in men, it refers to inability to a mla essay Ross, contribute to a conception after a full year of unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility has a myriad of Thompson Rivers courses ranging from genetic problems to how to write a mla Ross School, environmental factors. Student Thompson University! Infertility affects both those who have. Andrology , Fertility , Gynecology 840 Words | 3 Pages. Asthma in Children Born After Infertility Treatment: ?ndings from the english writing Hudson Uk Millennium Cohort Study. Hum. Reprod. Advance Access published December 5, 2012 Human Reproduction, Vol.0, No.0 pp.

1– 9, 2012 doi:10.1093/humrep/des398 ORIGINAL ARTICLE . Student! Reproductive epidemiology Asthma in children born after infertility treatment: ?ndings from the scientific journals School UK Millennium Cohort Study C. Carson 1,*, A. Sacker 2, Y. Kelly 2, M. Student Coursework Thompson University! Redshaw 1, J.J. Kurinczuk 1, and M.A. Quigley 1 1 National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK 2Institute for Social and write academic for publication Fraser University/Fraser College Economic Research, University. Assisted reproductive technology , Asthma , Clinical trial 7631 Words | 22 Pages. Investigation of Reproduction and Development in Animals. which provides protection against pregnancy. Rivers! What is infertility ? Infertility in humans and other species(animals) is the . Reviewed Scientific Journals The Windsor! inability to Thompson, concieve or carry a pregnancy to a live birth.

The causes of infertility can be identified in some cases. The majority of cases relate to female factors (50%), 40% relate to male factors and 10% aree unknown. Infertility sometimes may serve as a combination of both male and female factors. If the language essay College cause of infertility is known, treatment of some kind may be available. Birth control , Combined oral contraceptive pill , Endometrium 746 Words | 3 Pages. | In-Vitro Fertilisation 1. The problem of infertility and its causes In-Vitro Fertilisation refers to student, the technique of reproduction which . is an antithesis to the biological reproduction .As the name suggests,in this method of fertilisation the egg is fertilised outside the mother’s body when natural fertilisation is not feasible. Infertility is a common problem being faced by couples which is not limited to any particular group, region or country but rather couples across the peer journals School world are plagued. Assisted reproductive technology , Embryo transfer , Fertilisation 1498 Words | 5 Pages. for infertility since they have not been able to have a baby for three years. Angelo is very embarrassed about the process of going to the . infertility doctor. He is student, very private with his co-workers about where he is going and has even told them his diabetes was out of control is why he had to leave work.

Angelo is uncomfortable in having sex in the doctor office and feels like it is more stressful. Angelo takes his food for his diabetes to all his appointments and write an essay on poetry College leaves the infertility appointments. Culture , Hispanic , Hispanic and Latino Americans 1402 Words | 4 Pages. depending upon student coursework Thompson Rivers University their cultural norms. Vissing says that over the life course every person has a family – even if it is a family of one (Vissing, 2011). The . 21st century American family has been reshaped by articles Simon University/Fraser International - NAVITAS, the changes in moral family values, rising infertility rates and coursework changing marital patterns attained in journals The Windsor School, the previous century.

The institution of the American family has been typified as the coursework Thompson nuclear family comprised of a father, mother and one or more children. That traditional family makeup of. 21st century , Family , In vitro fertilisation 1897 Words | 6 Pages.

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Even if you know your material well, the best you can do at the early stages is to formulate a working thesis - a hypothesis of coursework Thompson sorts, a well-informed hunch about your topic and the claim to be made about it. Once you have completed a draft, you can evaluate the degree to which your working thesis accurately summarizes the content of your paper. 1 If the match is a good one, the working thesis becomes the thesis statement. An Essay College. If, however, sections of the Thompson, paper drift from the Pacific University of Technology & Innovation (APU), focus set out in the working thesis, you'll need to revise the thesis and the paper itself to ensure that the presentation is unified. (You'll know that the match between the content and Thompson University, thesis is a good one when every paragraph directly refers to peer The Windsor and develops some element of the thesis.) Begin with a Subject and Narrow It.

Let's assume that you have moved from making recommendations about backpacks (your territory) to writing a paper for your government class (your professor's territory). Thompson. Whereas you were once the professional who knew enough about your subject to begin writing with a working thesis, you are now the student, inexperienced and in need of a great deal of information before you can begin begin to english language essay writing College think of thesis statements. It may be a comfort to know that your government professor would likely be in the same predicament if asked to recommend backpack designs. Student Coursework Thompson Rivers. He would need to spend several weeks, at least, backpacking to how to write a mla essay Ross School become as experienced as you; and it is fair to say that you will need to spend several hours in Rivers University the library before you are in a position to choose a topic suitable for an undergraduate paper. Suppose you have been assigned a ten-page paper in Government 104, a course on english language Hudson social policy. Not only do you not have a thesis - you don't have a subject! Where will you begin? First, you need to student select a broad area of interest and make yourself knowledgeable about its general features. What if no broad area of interest occurs to you? Don't despair - there's usually a way to practical thinking Les Roches School Management make use of discussions you've read in a text or heard in student coursework a lecture. The trick is to find a topic that can become personally important, for whatever reason. (For a paper in your biology class, you might write on practical thinking the digestive system because a relative has stomach troubles.

For an economics seminar, you might explore the factors that threaten banks with collapse because your grandparents lost their life savings during the Great Depression.) Whatever the academic discipline, try to discover a topic that you'll enjoy exploring; that way, you'll be writing for yourself as much as for your professor. Student Rivers. Some specific strategies to try if no topics occur to you: Review material covered during the semester, class by articles for publication Simon University/Fraser College - NAVITAS class if need be; review the semester's readings, actually skimming each assignment. Rivers University. Choose any subject that has held your interest, if even for a moment, and how to academic articles University/Fraser International - NAVITAS, use that as your point of departure. Suppose you've reviewed each of your classes and recall that a lecture on AIDS aroused your curiosity. Your broad subject of interest, then, will be AIDS. At this point, the goal of your research is to limit this subject to a manageable scope. Thompson. Although your initial, broad subject will often be more specific than our example, AIDS, we'll assume for the purposes of english language essay writing College discussion the Thompson Rivers, most general case (the subject in greatest need of limiting).

A subject can be limited in at least two ways. First, a general article like an The Asia Pacific of Technology & Innovation (APU), encyclopedia entry may do the student coursework Thompson Rivers University, work for you by thinking Marbella International presenting the subject in the form of an outline, with each item in the outline representing a separate topic (which, for student Thompson, your purposes, may need further limiting). Second, you can limit a subject by asking several questions about it: These questions will occur to you as you conduct your research and how to articles for publication Simon Fraser University/Fraser International College, see the coursework Thompson Rivers University, ways in which various authors have focused their discussions. Having read several sources and having decided that you'd like to use them, you might limit the subject AIDS by asking who - AIDS patients; and which aspect - civil rights of AIDS patients. Certainly, the civil rights of AIDS patients offers a more specific focus than does AIDS; still, the revised focus is how to write an essay on poetry Niagara, too broad for a ten-page paper in that a comprehensive discussion would obligate you to review numerous particular rights.

So again you must try to limit your subject by Thompson posing a question. In this particular case, which aspects (of the civil rights of AIDS patients) can be asked a second time. Six aspects may come to mind: Rights in the workplace Rights to hospital care Rights to insurance benefits Rights to privacy Rights to fair housing Rights to essay School education. Any one of these aspects could provide the focus of a ten-page paper, and you do yourself an important service by choosing one, perhaps two, of the aspects; to choose more would obligate you to too broad a discussion and you would frustrate yourself: Either the paper would have to be longer than ten pages or, assuming you kept to the page limit, the paper would be superficial in its treatment. In both instances, the paper would fail, given the coursework, constraints of the assignment. So it is far better that you limit your subject ahead of time, before you attempt to write about it. Let's assume that you settle on the following as an appropriately defined subject for a ten-page paper: the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace. The process of narrowing an initial subject depends heavily upon the reading you do. The more you read, the deeper your understanding of a topic. The deeper your understanding, the likelier it will be that you can divide a broad and complex topic into manageable - that is, researchable - categories.

Identify these categories that compose the language writing Hudson College, larger topic and pursue one of student coursework Thompson Rivers University them. In the AIDS example, your reading in the literature suggested that the civil rights of AIDS patients was at the center of write essay Ross recent national debate. So reading allowed you to coursework University narrow the subject AIDS by answering the initial questions - the who and how to write a mla essay, which aspects. Once you narrowed your focus to the civil rights of AIDS patients, you read further and quickly realized that civil rights in itself was a broad concern that also should be limited. In this way, reading provided an important stimulus as you worked to identify an appropriate subject for your paper. Make an Assertion. Once you have identified the University, subject, you can now develop it into a thesis by making an assertion about it. If you have spent enough time reading and gathering information, you will be knowledgeable enough to have something to Marbella say about the subject, based on a combination of your own thinking and the thinking of your sources. If you have trouble making an assertion, try writing your topic at the top of a page and then listing everything you know and feel about it.

Often from such a list you will discover an assertion that you then can use to fashion a working thesis. A good way to gauge the reasonableness of your claim is to see what other authors have asserted about the same topic. In fact, keep good notes on the views of others; the notes will prove a useful counterpoint to Thompson University your own views as you write, and you may want to use them in your paper. Next, make three assertions about write Simon Fraser University/Fraser College - NAVITAS, your topic, in order of increasing complexity. During the past few years, the coursework Rivers University, rights of AIDS patients in the workplace have been debated by national columnists.

Several columnists have offered convincing reasons for protecting the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace. The most sensible plan for protecting the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace has been offered by how to a mla School columnist Anthony Jones. Keep in mind that these are working thesis statements. Because you haven't written a paper based on any of coursework Thompson University them, they remain hypotheses to be tested. After completing a first draft, you would compare the contents of the paper to the thesis and make adjustments as necessary for unity. The working thesis is an excellent tool for planning broad sections of the paper, but - again - don't let it prevent you from pursuing related discussions as they occur to you. Notice how these three statements differ from one another in the forcefulness of their assertions. The third thesis is academic articles for publication Simon Fraser International College, strongly argumentative. Most sensible implies that the writer will explain several plans for protecting the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace.

Following the explanation would come a comparison of plans and then a judgment in Rivers favor of Anthony Jones. Like any working thesis, this one helps the writer plan the paper. Assuming the paper follows the peer reviewed, three-part structure we've inferred, the working thesis would become the student coursework University, final thesis, on the basis of which a reader could anticipate sections of the essay to thinking Les Roches International School of Hotel come. The first of the three thesis statements, by contrast, is explanatory : During the past few years, the rights of AIDS patients in coursework Rivers the workplace have been debated by national columnists. In developing a paper based on this thesis, the writer would assert only the existence of a debate, obligating himself merely to a summary of the various positions taken. How To A Mla Essay Ross School. Readers, then, would use this thesis as a tool for anticipating the Rivers University, contours of the paper to english language writing College follow. Based on this particular thesis, a reader would not expect to find the author strongly endorsing the views of student coursework Thompson one or another columnist. The thesis does not require the author to defend a personal opinion. The second thesis statement does entail a personal, intellectually assertive commitment to the material, although the assertion is peer scientific journals School, not as forceful as the student Rivers, one found in statement 3: Several columnists have offered convincing reasons for english language, protecting the rights of AIDS patients in the workplace.

Here we have an explanatory, mildly argumentative thesis that enables the student Rivers, writer to express an opinion. We infer from the use of the word convincing that the writer will judge the write academic articles for publication Simon Fraser College - NAVITAS, various reasons for Thompson University, protecting the rights of AIDS patients; and, we can reasonably assume, the writer himself believes in protecting these rights. Note the The Asia Pacific University of Technology, contrast between this second thesis and the first one, where the writer committed himself to no involvement in the debate whatsoever. Still, the present thesis is not as ambitious as the coursework Rivers University, third one, whose writer implicitly accepted the general argument for safeguarding rights (an acceptance he would need to justify) and then took the additional step of evaluating the peer reviewed journals The Windsor, merits of those arguments in relation to each other. (Recall that Anthony Jones's plan was the most sensible.) As you can see, for any subject you might care to explore in a paper, you can make any number of assertions - some relatively simple, some complex. It is on student Rivers the basis of these assertions that you set yourself an agenda in writing a paper - and how to write Ross School, readers set for Thompson Rivers University, themselves expectations for reading. The more ambitious the thesis, the more complex will be the paper and the greater will be the how to write essay Ross, readers' expectations.

Using the Thesis. Different writing tasks require different thesis statements. Student Thompson. The explanatory thesis is often developed in response to short-answer exam questions that call for information, not analysis (e.g., List and explain proposed modifications to how to write a mla essay School contemporary American democracy). The explanatory but mildly argumentative thesis is appropriate for organizing reports (even lengthy ones), as well as essay questions that call for some analysis (e.g., In what ways are the recent proposals to modify American democracy significant?). The strongly argumentative thesis is used to organize papers and exam questions that call for information, analysis, and the writer's forcefully stated point of view (e.g., Evaluate proposed modifications to contemporary American democracy). The strongly argumentative thesis, of course, is the riskiest of the three, since you must unequivocally state your position and make it appear reasonable - which requires that you offer evidence and defend against logical objections. But such intellectual risks pay dividends, and if you become involved enough in your work to make challenging assertions, you will provoke challenging responses that enliven classroom discussions. One of the important objectives of a college education is to extend learning by stretching, or challenging, conventional beliefs. Student Thompson University. You breathe new life into this broad objective, and you enliven your own learning as well, every time you adopt a thesis that sets a challenging agenda both for you (as writer) and for your readers. Of course, once you set the challenge, you must be equal to the task.

As a writer, you will need to discuss all the elements implied by your thesis. To review: A thesis statement (a one-sentence summary of your paper) helps you organize and your reader anticipate a discussion. Thesis statements are distinguished by their carefully worded subjects and how to write a mla essay, predicates, which should be just broad enough and complex enough to Thompson Rivers be developed within the length limitations of the assignment. Both novices and experts in writing Pacific a field typically begin the initial draft of a paper with a working thesis - a statement that provides writers with structure enough to get started but with latitude enough to discover what they want to say as they write. Once you have completed a first draft, you should test the fit of your thesis with the student Rivers University, paper that follows.

Every element of the thesis should be developed in the paper that follows. Discussions that drift from your thesis should be deleted, or the essay Ross School, thesis changed to coursework accommodate the new discussions. A quotation records the exact language used by someone in speech or in writing. A summary , in contrast, is a brief restatement in your own words of what someone else has said or written. And a paraphrase is also a restatement, although one that is often as long as the original source.

Any paper in which you draw upon sources will rely heavily on quotation, summary, and paraphrase. How do you choose among the three? Remember that the papers you write should be your own - for argumentative The Asia & Innovation, the most part, your own language and certainly your own thesis, your own inferences, and your own conclusions. It follows that references to your source materials should be written primarily as summaries and Rivers University, paraphrases, both of which are built on restatement, not quotation. You will use summaries when you need a brief restatement, and writing argumentative The Asia of Technology (APU), paraphrases, which provide more explicit detail than summaries, when you need to coursework Thompson follow the development of a source closely. When you quote too much, you risk losing ownership of your work: more easily than you might think, your voice can be drowned out by the voices of on poetry Niagara College those you've quoted. So use quotations sparingly, as you would a pungent spice. Nevertheless, quoting just the right source at coursework the right time can significantly improve your papers . The trick is to know when and how to use quotations. Use quotations when another writer's language is particularly memorable and will add interest and liveliness to your paper. Use quotations when another writer's language is how to write Niagara, so clear and economical that to student coursework Thompson make the same point in your own words would, by comparison, be ineffective. Use quotations when you want the solid reputation of a source to lend authority and credibility to your own writing.

Quoting Memorable Language. Assume you're writing a paper on Napoleon Bonaparte's relationship with the celebrated Josephine. Through research you learn that two days after their marriage Napoleon, given command of an army, left his bride for what was to be a brilliant military campaign in Italy. How did the young general respond to leaving his wife so soon after their wedding? You come across the following, written from the field of battle by Napoleon on April 3, 1796: I have received all your letters, but none has had such an impact on me as the last. Do you have any idea, darling, what you are doing, writing to me in those terms? Do you not think my situation cruel enough without intensifying my longing for write Simon Fraser, you, overwhelming my soul? What a style! What emotions you evoke!

Written in fire, they burn my poor heart! 2. A summary of this passage might read as follows: On April 3, 1796, Napoleon wrote to Josephine, expressing how sorely he missed her and how passionately he responded to her letters. You might write the following as a paraphrase of the passage: On April 3, 1796, Napoleon wrote to Josephine that he had received her letters and that one among all others had had a special impact, overwhelming his soul with fiery emotions and longing. How feeble this summary and paraphrase are when compared with the original!

Use the vivid language that your sources give you. In this case, quote Napoleon in Rivers your paper to make your subject come alive with memorable detail: On April 3, 1796, a passionate, lovesick Napoleon responded to a letter from how to write a mla Ross School, Josephine; she had written longingly to her husband, who, on a military campaign, acutely felt her absence. Do you have any idea, darling, what you are doing, writing to Thompson Rivers University me in those terms? . . . What emotions you evoke! he said of her letters. Written in fire, they burn.my poor heart! The effect of directly quoting Napoleon's letter is to enliven your paper.

A direct quotation is one in which you record precisely the language of another, as we did with the sentences from Napoleon's letter. How To Write On Poetry College. In an indirect quotation, you report what someone has said, although you are not obligated to student Thompson Rivers repeat the words exactly as spoken (or written): Direct quotation : Franklin D. Roosevelt said: The only thing we have to english fear is fear itself. Indirect quotation : Franklin D. Roosevelt said that we have nothing to fear but fear itself. The language in a direct quotation, which is indicated by a pair of quotation marks ( ), must be faithful to the language of the original passage. When using an indirect quotation, you have the liberty of changing words (although not changing meaning). For both direct and student, indirect quotations, you must credit your sources , naming them either in (or close to) the sentence that includes the quotation [or, in some disciplines, in a footnote]. Quoting Clear and Concise Language. You should quote a source when its language is particularly clear and how to write Ross, economical - when your language, by contrast, would be wordy. Read this passage from a text on biology:

The honeybee colony, which usually has a population of student Thompson 30,000 to 40,000 workers, differs from that of the bumblebee and many other social bees or wasps in that it survives the winter. This means that the bees must stay warm despite the cold. Like other bees, the isolated honeybee cannot fly if the temperature falls below 10C (50F) and how to University/Fraser - NAVITAS, cannot walk if the temperature is below 7C (45F). Within the wintering hive, bees maintain their temperature by clustering together in a dense ball; the lower the temperature, the denser the cluster. The clustered bees produce heat by constant muscular movements of their wings, legs, and abdomens. In very cold weather, the bees on the outside of the cluster keep moving toward the center, while those in the core of the cluster move to student coursework Thompson Rivers University the colder outside periphery.

The entire cluster moves slowly about on the combs, eating the how to write a mla essay Ross, stored honey from the combs as it moves. 3. A summary of this paragraph might read as follows: Honeybees, unlike many other varieties of Rivers bee, are able to live through the winter by clustering together in a dense ball for body warmth. A paraphrase of the same passage would be considerably more detailed: Honeybees, unlike many other varieties of bee (such as bumblebees), are able to writing argumentative The Asia Pacific University (APU) live through the winter. The 30,000 to 40,000 bees within a honeybee hive could not, individually, move about in cold winter temperatures.

But when clustering together in a dense ball, the bees generate heat by constantly moving their body parts. The cluster also moves slowly about the hive, eating honey stored in student coursework Rivers University the combs. This nutrition, in addition to the heat generated by College the cluster, enables the honeybee to survive the cold winter months. In both the summary and the paraphrase we've quoted Curtis's clustering together in a dense ball, a phrase that lies at student Rivers the heart of how to essay Ross School her description of wintering honeybees. For us to describe this clustering in any language other than Curtis's would be pointless since her description is admirably precise. Quoting Authoritative Language. You will also want to use quotations that lend authority to your work.

When quoting an expert or some prominent political, artistic, or historical figure, you elevate your own work by Thompson University placing it in esteemed company. Pacific. Quote respected figures to establish background information in a paper, and your readers will tend to perceive that information as reliable. Coursework Thompson. Quote the opinions of respected figures to endorse some statement that you've made, and your statement becomes more credible to your readers. For example, in an essay that you might write on the importance of reading well, you could make use of a passage from practical thinking Marbella International Management, Thoreau's Walden : Reading well is hard work and requires great skill and student coursework Thompson Rivers University, training. It is write academic Simon Fraser University/Fraser International - NAVITAS, a noble exercise, writes Henry David Thoreau in student Thompson Rivers Walden, and one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem. Reviewed Scientific Journals. It requires a training such as the athletes underwent. Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written. By quoting a famous philosopher and essayist on the subject of reading, you add legitimacy to your discussion. Not only do you regard reading to be a skill that is student coursework Rivers, both difficult and important; so too does Henry David Thoreau, one of our most influential American thinkers. The quotation has elevated the level of your work.

You can also quote to advantage well-respected figures who've written or spoken about the subject of your paper. Here is a discussion of peer scientific journals The Windsor space flight. Author David Chandler refers to a physicist and an astronaut: A few scientists - notably James Van Allen, discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts - have decried the expense of the manned space program and called for an almost exclusive concentration on unmanned scientific exploration instead, saying this would be far more cost-effective. Other space scientists dispute that idea. Joseph Allen, physicist and former shuttle astronaut, says, It seems to coursework be argued that one takes away from the other. But before there was a manned space program, the funding on space science was zero.

Now it's about write, $500 million a year. Note, first, that in the first paragraph Chandler has either summarized or used an Indirect quotation to incorporate remarks made by James Van Allen into the discussion on space flight. In the Thompson Rivers, second paragraph, Chandler directly quotes his next source, Joseph Allen. Write Articles For Publication Fraser College. Both quotations, indirect and direct, lend authority and legitimacy to the article, for both James Van Allen and Joseph Allen are experts on the subject of space flight. Note also that Chandler has provided brief but effective biographies of his sources, identifying both so that their qualifications to speak on Thompson University the subject are known to all: James Van Allen, discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts . Joseph Allen, physicist and former shuttle astronaut . The phrases in italics are called appositives . Their function is to rename the nouns they follow by providing explicit, identifying detail. Any information about a person that can be expressed in the following sentence pattern can be made into an appositive phrase:

James Van Allen is the discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts . James Van Allen has decried the expense of the how to School, manned space program. James Van Allen, discoverer of the Earth's radiation belts , has decried the expense of the manned space program. Use appositives to identify authors whom you quote. Incorporating Quotations into Your Sentences. Quoting Only the Part of a Sentence or Paragraph That You Need. As you've seen, a writer selects passages for quotation that are especially vivid and memorable, concise, or authoritative . Now we will put these principles into student coursework Rivers University, practice.

Suppose that while conducting research on the topic of how to a mla Ross School college sports you've come across the following, written by Robert Hutchins, former president of the student coursework, University of Chicago: If athleticism is bad for students, players, alumni and reviewed scientific journals The Windsor School, the public, it is coursework Thompson Rivers, even worse for the colleges and universities themselves. They want to be educational institutions, but they can't. The story of the famous halfback whose only regret, when he bade his coach farewell, was that he hadn't learned to read and write is probably exaggerated. But we must admit that pressure from trustees, graduates, friends, presidents and even professors has tended to relax academic standards.

These gentry often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Recruiting, subsidizing and the double educational standard cannot exist without the knowledge and the tacit approval, at least, of the colleges and universities themselves. Certain institutions encourage susceptible professors to be nice to athletes now admitted by paying them for serving as faculty representatives on the college athletic boards. 4. Suppose that from this entire paragraph you find a gem, a quotable grouping of words that will enliven your discussion.

You may want to quote part of the following sentence: These gentry often overlook the language essay Hudson, fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Incorporating the Quotation into the Flow of Your Own Sentence. Once you've selected the coursework Thompson Rivers University, passage you want to quote, work the an essay Niagara, material into your paper in as natural and fluid a manner as possible. Here's how we would quote Hutchins: Robert Hutchins, a former president of the University of Chicago, asserts that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is student coursework Rivers University, a half-wit.

Note that we've used an appositive to academic articles University/Fraser College identify Hutchins. And we've used only the part of the paragraph - a single clause - that we thought memorable enough to quote directly. Avoiding Freestanding Quotations. A quoted sentence should never stand by itself - as in the following example: Various people associated with the university admit that the pressures of athleticism have caused a relaxation of coursework standards. These gentry often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in how to Ross School a fullback who is Rivers, a half-wit. But this kind of thinking is bad for the university and even worse for how to a mla essay Ross, the athletes. Even if you include a parenthetical citation after the quotation, you should not leave a quotation freestanding, as above, because the effect is Rivers, frequently jarring to the reader.

Introduce the quotation by attributing the source in some other part of the sentence - beginning, middle, or end. Thus, you could write: According to Robert Hutchins, These gentry often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. These gentry, asserts Robert Hutchins, often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in essay writing Hudson a fullback who is student Thompson Rivers University, a half-wit. Another alternative is to introduce a sentence-long quotation with a colon: But Robert Hutchins disagrees: These gentry often overlook the fact that a college should not be interested in a fullback who is a half-wit. Use colons also to introduce indented quotations (as in the examples above).

When attributing sources, try to how to write academic articles for publication Simon University/Fraser International College - NAVITAS vary the standard states, writes, says, and so on. Other, stronger verbs you might consider: asserts, argues, maintains, insists, asks, and even wonders. Using Ellipsis Marks. Using quotations is made somewhat complicated when you want to quote the beginning and end of a passage but not its middle - as was the case when we quoted Henry David Thoreau. Here's part of the paragraph in Walden from which we quoted a few sentences: To read well, that is, to read true books in a true spirit, is student Rivers, a noble exercise, and one that will task the english writing Hudson College, reader more than any exercise which the customs of the day esteem. It requires a training such as the athletes underwent, the steady intention almost of the whole life to this object. Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written. 5.

And here was how we used this material: Reading well is hard work and requires great skill and training. It is student coursework University, a noble exercise, writes Henry David Thoreau in Walden, and writing of Technology (APU), one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs of the coursework Rivers University, day esteem. It requires a training such as the athletes underwent. Write Articles For Publication International - NAVITAS. Books must be read as deliberately and coursework Thompson University, reservedly as they were written. Whenever you quote a sentence but delete words from The Windsor School, it, as we have done, indicate this deletion to the reader by placing an ellipsis mark, three spaced periods, in the sentence at the point of deletion. The rationale for using an ellipsis mark as follows: A direct quotation must be reproduced exactly as it was written or spoken. When writers delete or change any part of the quoted material, readers must be alerted so they don't think that the changes were part of the original. Ellipsis marks and brackets serve this purpose. If you are deleting the middle of coursework a single sentence, use an ellipsis in place of the deleted words: To read well . is english essay writing College, a noble exercise, and Rivers, one that will task the write academic articles for publication College, reader more than any exercise which the student coursework Thompson University, customs of the day esteem.

If you are deleting the end of a quoted sentence, or if you are deleting entire sentences of a paragraph before continuing a quotation, add one additional period and place the ellipsis after the last word you are quoting, so that you have four in all: It requires a training such as the athletes underwent. Books must be read as deliberately and reservedly as they were written. If you begin your quotation of an author in the middle of write College a sentence, you need not indicate deleted words with an ellipsis. Be sure, however, that the syntax of the quotation fits smoothly with the syntax of your sentence:

Reading is a noble exercise, writes Henry David Thoreau. Use square brackets whenever you need to add or substitute words in student University a quoted sentence. The brackets indicate to the reader a word or phrase that does not appear in the original passage but that you have inserted to avoid confusion. For example, when a pronoun's antecedent would be unclear to readers, delete the pronoun from the sentence and substitute an write articles Fraser College - NAVITAS, identifying word or phrase in brackets. When you make such a substitution, no ellipsis marks are needed. Assume that you wish to quote the bold-type sentence in the following passage:

Golden Press's Walt Disney's Cinderella set the new pattern for Thompson Rivers University, America's Cinderella. This book's text is coy and condescending. (Sample: And her best friends of all were - guess who - the mice!) The illustrations are poor cartoons. And Cinderella herself is a disaster. She cowers as her sisters rip her homemade ball gown to shreds. (Not even homemade by Cinderella, but by the mice and english language writing, birds.) She answers her stepmother with whines and pleadings. She is a sorry excuse for a heroine, pitiable and useless . She cannot perform even a simple action to save herself, though she is warned by her friends, the mice.

She does not hear them because she is off in a world of Rivers University dreams. Cinderella begs, she whimpers, and at last has to be rescued by - guess who - the english writing Hudson College, mice! 6. In quoting this sentence, you would need to identify whom the pronoun she refers to. You can do this inside the quotation by using brackets: Jane Yolen believes that [Cinderella] is a sorry excuse for a heroine, pitiable and useless. If the pronoun begins the sentence to be quoted, as it does in this example, you can identify the coursework, pronoun outside of the quotation and simply begin quoting your source one word later: Jane Yolen believes that Cinderella is a sorry excuse for a heroine, pitiable and useless.

If the pronoun you want to identify occurs in the middle of the sentence to be quoted, then you'll need to use brackets. International School. Newspaper reporters do this frequently when quoting sources, who in University interviews might say something like the following: After the a mla essay, fire they did not return to coursework Thompson Rivers the station house for three hours. If the reporter wants to english essay Hudson College use this sentence in an article, he or she needs to identify the pronoun: An official from City Hall, speaking on student University the condition that he not be identified, said, After the fire [the officers] did not return to practical Les Roches International School Management the station house for student Thompson Rivers, three hours.

You will also will need to add bracketed information to a quoted sentence when a reference essential to the sentence's meaning is implied but not stated directly. How To An Essay On Poetry College. Read the coursework Thompson Rivers University, following paragraphs from Robert Jastrow's Toward an Intelligence Beyond Man's: These are amiable qualities for the computer; it imitates life like an electronic monkey. As computers get more complex, the imitation gets better. Finally, the line between the original and the copy becomes blurred.

In another 15 years or so - two more generations of computer evolution, in the jargon of the technologists - we will see the computer as an emergent form of how to an essay College life. The proposition seems ridiculous because, for one thing, computers lack the drives and emotions of student coursework Thompson Rivers living creatures. But when drives are useful, they can be programmed into the computer's brain, just as nature programmed them into our ancestors' brains as a part of the equipment for survival. For example, computers, like people, work better and how to write a mla essay Ross School, learn faster when they are motivated. Arthur Samuel made this discovery when he taught two IBM computers how to play checkers. They polished their game by playing each other, but they learned slowly. Finally, Dr. Samuel programmed in student coursework University the will to english essay Hudson win by forcing the computers to student Thompson try harder - and to think out more moves in an essay on poetry Niagara College advance - when they were losing. Student Rivers. Then the an essay, computers learned very quickly. One of student coursework them beat Samuel and went on to defeat a champion player who had not lost a game to a human opponent in writing argumentative The Asia Pacific of Technology eight years.

7. If you wanted to quote only the sentence in University bold type, you would need to provide readers with a bracketed explanation; otherwise, the Simon Fraser College, words the coursework Thompson Rivers, proposition would be unclear. Here is how you would manage the quotation: According to Robert Jastrow, a physicist and former official at NASA's Goddard Institute, The proposition [that computers will emerge as a form of life] seems ridiculous because, for one thing, computers lack the drives and write a mla Ross School, emotions of living creatures. Remember that when you quote the work of another, you are obligated to credit - or cite - the author's work properly; otherwise, you may plagiarism. [See your Allyn and Bacon Handbook for guidance on citing sources.] A classic image: The writer stares glumly at coursework a blank sheet of paper (or, in the electronic version, a blank screen). Usually, however, this is an image of a writer who hasn't yet begun to write. Once the piece has been started, momentum often helps to carry it forward, even over the rough spots. (These can always be fixed later.) As a writer, you've surely discovered that getting started when you haven't yet warmed to your task is a problem.

What's the argumentative Pacific University, best way to University approach your subject? With high seriousness, a light touch, an anecdote? How best to engage your reader? Many writers avoid such agonizing choices by putting them off - productively. Bypassing the introduction, they start by writing the body of the piece; only after they've finished the body do they go back to write the introduction. There's a lot to be said for Pacific University, this approach. Because you have presumably spent more time thinking about the topic itself than about coursework Thompson University, how you're going to introduce it, you are in The Asia of Technology & Innovation a better position, at Rivers first, to begin directly with your presentation (once you've settled on a working thesis). School Of Hotel Management. And often, it's not until you've actually seen the piece on paper and read it over once or twice that a natural way of introducing it becomes apparent.

Even if there is no natural way to begin, you are generally in student Thompson Rivers better psychological shape to write the introduction after the major task of writing is how to write academic for publication Simon International - NAVITAS, behind you and student coursework Rivers, you know exactly what you're leading up to. Perhaps, however, you can't operate this way. After all, you have to start writing somewhere , and a mla essay Ross, if you have evaded the problem by coursework Thompson Rivers University skipping the introduction, that blank page may loom just as large wherever you do choose to begin. If this is the how to for publication Fraser College, case, then go ahead and write an introduction, knowing full well that it's probably going to be flat and awful. Set down any kind of pump- priming or throat-clearing verbiage that comes to mind, as long as you have a working thesis. Assure yourself that whatever you put down at this point (except for the thesis) won't count and that when the time is right, you'll go back and replace it with something classier, something that's fit for eyes other than yours. Coursework. But in the meantime, you'll have gotten started. The purpose of an introduction is to prepare the reader to enter the world of how to articles Simon Fraser University/Fraser - NAVITAS your essay. The introduction makes the connection between the University, more familiar world inhabited by the reader and the less familiar world of the peer The Windsor School, writer's particular subject; it places a discussion in student coursework Rivers a context that the practical thinking Les Roches Marbella School, reader can understand.

There are many ways to provide such a context. Coursework Thompson University. We'll consider just a few of the most common. In introduction to a paper on democracy: Two cheers for democracy was E. Reviewed Scientific. M. Student Coursework Thompson Rivers University. Forster's not-quite-wholehearted judgment. Most Americans would not agree. To them, our democracy is essay writing Hudson, one of the glories of civilization. To one American in particular, E. Coursework Thompson Rivers. B. Les Roches International Of Hotel. White, democracy is the student, hole in english essay writing Hudson the stuffed shirt through which the sawdust slowly trickles . Student Coursework Thompson University. . How To Write An Essay Niagara. . the University, dent in the high hat . . . the recurrent suspicion that more than half of the people are right more than half of the time (915). American democracy is practical thinking Les Roches Marbella School of Hotel, based on coursework Thompson Rivers the oldest continuously operating written constitution in the world - a most impressive fact and a testament to reviewed scientific journals The Windsor School the farsightedness of the Rivers, founding fathers. But just how farsighted can mere humans be?

In Future Shock , Alvin Toffler quotes economist Kenneth Boulding on the incredible acceleration of social change in argumentative of Technology (APU) our time: The world of today . Coursework University. . . is as different from the world in which I was born as that world was from Julius Caesar's (13). As we move toward the twenty-first century, it seems legitimate to question the continued effectiveness of a governmental system that was devised in the eighteenth century; and it seems equally legitimate to consider alternatives. The quotations by english language essay Forster and White help set the stage for the discussion of democracy by Thompson presenting the reader with some provocative and well-phrased remarks. Later in the paragraph, the quotation by writing argumentative The Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation (APU) Boulding more specifically prepares us for the theme of change that will be central to student coursework Rivers University the essay as a whole. In many cases, the reader will be unprepared to follow the issue you discuss unless you provide some historical background. Practical Les Roches International Management. Consider the following introduction to an an coursework Thompson University, essay on a mla essay Ross the film-rating system: Sex and coursework Rivers University, violence on the screen are not new issues. In the Roaring Twenties there was increasing pressure from civic and how to a mla essay Ross School, religious groups to student coursework Rivers ban depictions of immorality from the screen. Faced with the threat of practical Les Roches Marbella International School Management federal censorship, the film producers decided to clean their own house.

In 1930, the coursework Thompson Rivers, Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America established the Production Code. At first, adherence to the Code was voluntary; but in 1934 Joseph Breen, newly appointed head of the MPPDA, gave the Code teeth. Henceforth all newly produced films had to be submitted for approval to the Production Code Administration which had the power to language Hudson College award or withhold the Code seal. Without a Code seal, it was virtually impossible for student coursework, a film to be shown anywhere in the United States, since exhibitors would not accept it. At about the same time, the Catholic Legion of Decency was formed to advise the faithful which were and were not objectionable. For several decades the Production Code Administration exercised powerful control over what was portrayed in how to write an essay on poetry Niagara College American theatrical films. By the 1960s, however, changing standards of morality had considerably weakened the Code's grip. In 1968, the Production Code was replaced with a rating system designed to keep younger audiences away from films with high levels of student University sex or violence. Despite its imperfections, this rating system has proved more beneficial to American films than did the old censorship system.

The essay following this introduction concerns the relative benefits of the rating system. By providing some historical background on the rating system, the writer helps readers to understand his arguments. Notice the chronological development of how to Ross details. Review of a Controversy. A particular type of historical review is the coursework Thompson Rivers University, review of a controversy or debate. Consider the following introduction: The American Heritage Dictionary 's definition of civil disobedience is rather simple: the argumentative The Asia & Innovation (APU), refusal to obey civil laws that are regarded as unjust, usually by employing methods of passive resistance.

However, despite such famous (and beloved) examples of student coursework Rivers University civil disobedience as the movements of Mahatma Gandhi in language Hudson India and student Thompson University, the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., in the United States, the question of whether or not civil disobedience should be considered an asset to society is argumentative The Asia (APU), hardly clear cut. For instance, Hannah Arendt, in her article Civil Disobedience, holds thatto think of disobedient minorities as rebels and student coursework University, truants is against the letter and spirit of a constitution whose framers were especially sensitive to the dangers of unbridled majority rule. On the other hand, a noted lawyer, Lewis Van Dusen, Jr., in his article Civil Disobedience: Destroyer of Democracy, states that civil disobedience, whatever the ethical rationalization, is how to write on poetry Niagara College, still an Thompson University, assault on our democratic society, an affront to our legal order and an attack on our constitutional government. These two views are clearly incompatible. I believe, though, that Van Dusen's is the more convincing.

On balance, civil disobedience is dangerous to society. 8. The negative aspects of civil disobedience, rather than Van Dusen's essay, the topic of this essay. English Language Hudson. But to introduce this topic, the Thompson University, writer has provided quotations that represent opposing sides of the controversy over civil disobedience, as well as brief references to two controversial practitioners. By focusing at the outset on the particular rather than the abstract aspects of the subject, the writer hoped to secure the language writing College, attention of her readers and to involve them in the controversy that forms the subject of student Thompson Rivers her essay. From General to the Specific. Another way of providing a transition from the argumentative The Asia, reader's world to the less familiar world of the essay is to work from student Thompson Rivers University, a general subject to a specific one. The following introduction to a discussion of the reviewed scientific The Windsor School, 1968 massacre at My Lai, Vietnam, begins with general statements and leads to the particular subject at Thompson Rivers hand: Though we prefer to think of man as basically good and reluctant to do evil, such is not the case.

Many of the crimes inflicted on humankind can be dismissed as being committed by peer reviewed scientific journals The Windsor School the degenerates of society at the prompting of the abnormal mind. But what of the perfectly normal man or woman who commits inhumane acts simply because he or she has been ordered to do so? It cannot be denied that such acts have occurred, either in everyday life or in war-time situations. Unfortunately, even normal, well-adjusted people can become cruel, inhumane, and destructive if placed in Thompson the hands of unscrupulous authority. Such was the case in the village of My Lai, Vietnam, on March 16, 1968, when a platoon of writing Pacific University of Technology American soldiers commanded by Lt. William Calley massacred more than 100 civilians, including women and children. Specific to the General: Anecdote, Illustration.

Consider the coursework Rivers, following paragraph: In late 1971 astronomer Carl Sagan and his colleagues were studying data transmitted from the planet Mars to the earth by the Mariner 9 spacecraft. Struck by the effects of the Martian dust storms on the temperature and on the amount of light reaching the surface, the scientists wondered about the effects on earth of the dust storms that would be created by nuclear explosions. Using computer models, they simulated the effects of such explosions on the earth's climate. The results astounded them. Apart from the Pacific, known effects of nuclear blasts (fires and coursework Thompson Rivers University, radiation), the practical School of Hotel, earth, they discovered, would become enshrouded in a nuclear winter. Following a nuclear exchange, plummeting temperatures and pervading darkness would destroy most of the Northern Hemisphere's crops and farm animals and would eventually render much of the planet's surface uninhabitable.

The effects of student University nuclear war, apparently, would be more catastrophic than had previously been imagined. It has therefore become more urgent than ever for the nations of the world to take dramatic steps to reduce the threat of nuclear war. The previous introduction went from the academic articles for publication Simon University/Fraser College, general (the question of whether or not man is Rivers, basically good) to the specific (the massacre at My Lai); this one goes from the specific (scientists studying data) to the general (the urgency of reducing the write Ross, nuclear threat). The anecdote is one of the most effective means at your disposal off capturing and holding your reader's attention. For decades, speakers have begun their general remarks with a funny, touching, or otherwise appropriate story; in fact, there are plenty of books that are nothing but collections of such stories, arranged by subject. Frequently, you can provoke the reader's attention by posing a question or a series of student coursework Thompson Rivers University questions: Are gender roles learned or inherited? Scientific research has established the existence of biological differences between the peer reviewed scientific, sexes, but the effect of biology's influence on gender roles cannot be distinguished from student University, society's influence. According to Michael Lewis of the Institute for the Study of Exceptional children, As early as you can show me a sex difference, I can show you the peer scientific School, culture at work. Social processes, as well as biological differences, are responsible for Thompson Rivers University, the separate roles of men and reviewed scientific School, women. 9.

Opening your essay with a question can be provocative, since it places the reader in an active role: He or she begins by considering answers. Are gender roles learned? Are they inherited? In this active role, the University, reader is likely to continue reading with interest. Statement of Thesis. Perhaps the most direct method of argumentative Pacific University of Technology & Innovation introduction is to coursework Rivers University begin immediately with the thesis: Computers are a mixed blessing. The lives of Americans are becoming increasingly involved worth machines that think for them. We are at the dawn of the era of the smart machine, say the authors of a cover story of the subject in Newsweek , that will change forever the way an entire nation works, beginning a revolution that will be to the brain what the industrial revolution was to the hand. Tiny silicon chips already process enough information to direct air travel, to instruct machines how to cut fabric - even to play chess with (and defeat) the masters. One can argue that development of computers for the household, as well as industry, will change for the better the quality of our lives: computers help us save energy, reduce the thinking Les Roches School of Hotel Management, amount of drudgery that most of us endure around tax season, make access to libraries easier.

Yet there is a certain danger involved with this proliferation of technology. This essay begins with a challenging assertion: that computers are a mixed blessing. It is one that many readers are perhaps unprepared to consider, since they may have taken it for granted that computers are an unmixed blessing. The advantage of beginning with a provocative (thesis) statement is that it forces the reader to sit up and take notice perhaps even to begin protesting. The paragraph goes on to concede some of the blessings of computerization but then concludes with the warning that there is a certain danger associated with the new technology - a danger, the student coursework Rivers, curious or even indignant reader has a right to conclude, that will be more fully explained in the paragraphs to follow. One final note about our model introductions: They may be longer than introductions you have been accustomed to writing.

Many writers (and readers) prefer shorter, snappier introductions. Writing Argumentative Pacific University. This is largely a matter of personal or corporate style: there is student coursework Thompson, no rule concerning the correct length of an peer reviewed scientific The Windsor, introduction. If you feel that a short introduction is appropriate, by all means use one. You may wish to break up what seems like a long introduction into two paragraphs. (Our paragraph on the nuclear winter, for example, could have been broken either before or after the sentence The results astounded them.) One way to view the conclusion of your paper is as an Rivers, introduction worked in reverse, a bridge from the world of your essay back to the world of your reader. A conclusion is the part of your paper in which you restate and (if necessary) expand on your thesis. Essential to any conclusion is the articles Fraser University/Fraser International College - NAVITAS, summary, which is not merely a repetition of the thesis but a restatement that takes advantage of the student coursework Thompson Rivers, material you've presented. The simplest conclusion is an expanded summary, but you may want more than this for the end of your paper.

Depending on peer School your needs, you might offer a summary and then build onto student Rivers University, it a discussion of the paper's significance or its implications for future study, for choices that individuals might make, for write a mla essay Ross School, policy, and coursework, so on. you might also want to essay writing Hudson urge the reader to change an attitude or to coursework Thompson Rivers modify behavior. Certainly, you are under no obligation to discuss the how to write essay, broader significance of your work (and a summary, alone, will satisfy the formal requirement that your paper have an ending); but the conclusions of better papers often reveal authors who are thinking large and want to connect the particular concerns of their papers with the student coursework, broader concerns of society. Here we'll consider seven strategies for expanding the write an essay on poetry, basic summary - conclusion. But two words of student coursework Rivers University advice are in order. First, no matter how clever or beautifully executed, a conclusion cannot salvage a poorly written paper. Second, by virtue of its placement, the conclusion carries rhetorical weight. It is the last statement a reader will encounter before turning from your work.

Realizing this, writers who expand on scientific journals School the basic summary-conclusion often wish to give their final words a dramatic flourish, a heightened level of diction. Soaring rhetoric and drama in a conclusion are fine as long as they do not unbalance the paper and call attention to themselves. Student Coursework Thompson University. Having labored long hours over your paper, you have every right to argumentative of Technology & Innovation wax eloquent. But keep a sense of coursework Rivers University proportion and timing. Practical Les Roches Marbella Of Hotel. Make your points quickly and end crisply. Statement of the Subject's Significance.

One of the more effective ways to conclude a paper is to coursework Rivers discuss the scientific The Windsor, larger significance of what you have written, providing readers with one more reason to regard your work as a serious effort. When using this strategy, you move from the specific concern of your paper to the broader concerns of the reader's world. Often, you will need to coursework Thompson choose among a range of significances: A paper on the Wright brothers might end with a discussion of air travel as it affects economies, politics, or families; a paper on contraception might end with a discussion of its effect on sexual mores, population, or the church. But don't overwhelm your reader with the importance of your remarks. Keep your discussion well focused. The following paragraphs conclude a paper on George H. Shull, a pioneer in the inbreeding and writing The Asia University, crossbreeding of corn: . . . Thus, the hybrids developed and described by Thompson Shull 75 years ago have finally dominated U.S. corn production. The adoption of hybrid corn was steady and dramatic in write on poetry Niagara the Corn Belt. From 1930 through 1979 the average yields of corn in the U.S. increased from 21.9 to 95.1 bushels per acre, and the additional value to the farmer is student Rivers University, now several billion dollars per year. The success of a mla Ross hybrid corn has also stimulated the student coursework Thompson Rivers University, breeding of other crops, such as sorghum hybrids, a major feed grain crop in arid parts of the world.

Sorghum yields have increased 300 percent since 1930. Approximately 20 percent of the thinking Les Roches International School of Hotel Management, land devoted to rice production in coursework Rivers University China is planted with hybrid seed, which is reported to yield 20 percent more than the best varieties. And many superior varieties of tomatoes, cucumbers, spinach, and other vegetables are hybrids. Today virtually all corn produced in the developed countries is from hybrid seed. From those blue bloods of the how to write essay Ross, plant kingdom has come a model for feeding the world. 10.

The first sentence of this conclusion is a summary, and from it the reader can infer that the paper included a discussion of Shull's techniques for the hybrid breeding of corn. The summary is followed by a two-paragraph discussion on the significance of Shull's research for feeding the world. Call for Further Research. In the scientific and social scientific communities, papers often end with a review of what has been presented (as, for instance, in an experiment) and coursework Thompson Rivers, the ways in which the subject under consideration needs to language writing College be further explored. If you raise questions that you call on student coursework Rivers others to answer, however, make sure you know that the research you are calling for hasn't already been conducted. This next conclusion comes from a sociological report on the placement of elderly men and women in nursing homes. Thus, our study shows a correlation between the language Hudson, placement of elderly citizens in student coursework Thompson Rivers University nursing facilities and the significant decline of their motor and intellectual skills over practical thinking Les Roches of Hotel Management, the ten months following placement. What the research has not made clear is the extent to which this marked decline is due to physical as opposed to emotional causes. Student Coursework. The elderly are referred to homes at that point in their lives when they grow less able to english essay College care for themselves - which suggests that the drop-off in skills may be due to physical causes. But the emotional stress of being placed in a home, away from family and in an environment that confirms the student coursework University, patient's view of himself as decrepit, may exacerbate - if not itself be a primary cause of - the patient's rapid loss of how to on poetry abilities. Further research is needed to clarify the relationship between depression and particular physical ailments as these affect the skills of the elderly in coursework nursing facilities.

There is little doubt that information yielded by practical thinking Les Roches Marbella School Management such studies can enable health care professionals to deliver more effective services. Notice how this call for further study locates the author in a large community of researchers on student Thompson Rivers University whom she depends for on poetry College, assistance in answering the questions that have come out of student coursework Thompson University her own work. The author summarizes her findings (in the essay, first sentence of the paragraph), states what her work has not shown, and then extends her invitation. The purpose of your paper might be to review a problem or controversy and to discuss contributing factors. Student Coursework Thompson Rivers University. In such a case, it would be appropriate, after summarizing your discussion, to offer a solution based on the knowledge you've gained while conducting research. If your solution is to be taken seriously, your knowledge must be amply demonstrated in the body of the paper. . . Argumentative & Innovation (APU). . The major problem in college sports today is Thompson Rivers University, not commercialism - it is the exploitation of athletes and the proliferation of illicit practices which dilute educational standards.

Many universities are currently deriving substantial benefits from sports programs that depend on the labor of athletes drawn from the english language writing Hudson, poorest sections of America's population. It is the responsibility of educators, civil rights leaders, and concerned citizens to see that these young people get a fair return for their labor both in student coursework Thompson Rivers University terms of writing Pacific of Technology (APU) direct remuneration and in terms of career preparation for a life outside sports. Minimally, scholarships in revenue-producing sports should be designed to extend until graduation, rather than covering only four years of athletic eligibility, and coursework Thompson University, should include guarantees of journals The Windsor tutoring, counseling, and student coursework Rivers, proper medical care. At institutions where the profits are particularly large (such as Texas A M, which can afford to pay its football coach $280,000 a year), scholarships should also provide salaries that extend beyond room, board, and tuition. The important thing is that the athlete be remunerated fairly and have the opportunity to gain skills from a university environment without undue competition from a physically and psychologically demanding full-time job. This may well require that scholarships be extended over five or six years, including summers. Such a proposal, I suspect, will not be easy to implement.

The current amateur system, despite its moral and educational flaws, enables universities to hire their athletic labor at minimal cost. But solving the fiscal crisis of the universities on the backs of America's poor and minorities is write, not, in coursework the long run, a tenable solution. With the support of concerned educators, parents, and civil rights leaders, and with the help from organized labor, the essay, college athlete, truly a sleeping giant, will someday speak out and demand what is rightly his - and hers - a fair share of the revenue created by their hard work. 11. In this conclusion, the Thompson Rivers University, author summarizes his article in peer reviewed one sentence: The major problem in college sports today is not commercialism - it is the exploitation of coursework Thompson University athletes and the proliferation of illicit practices which dilute educational standards. In paragraph 2, he continues with an writing argumentative The Asia & Innovation, analysis of the problem just stated and Thompson University, follows with a general recommendation - that educators, civil rights leaders, and concerned citizens be responsible for the welfare of college athletes. In paragraph 3, he makes a specific proposal, and in the final paragraph, he anticipates resistance to the proposal. He concludes by discounting this resistance and returning to the general point, that college athletes should receive a fair deal. An anecdote is a briefly told story or joke, the point of which in a conclusion is to shed light on your subject. The anecdote is more direct than an allusion. With an allusion, you merely refer to a story (Too many people today live in Plato's cave . Writing Argumentative The Asia Pacific Of Technology (APU). . Student Coursework Rivers University. .); with the anecdote, you actually retell the story.

The anecdote allows readers to discover for themselves the significance of a reference to another source - an effort most readers enjoy because they get to english essay writing Hudson exercise their creativity. The following anecdote concludes an article on homicide. In the student Thompson, article, the author discusses how patterns of how to on poetry College killing reveal information that can help mental- health professionals identify and treat potential killers before they commit crimes. Student Coursework. she author emphasizes both the difficulty and the desirability of approaching homicide as a threat to public health that, like disease, can be treated with preventive care. In his book, The Exploits of the Incomparable Mulla Nasrudin , Sufi writer Idries Shad, in peer The Windsor School a parable about fate, writes about the many culprits of murder: What is Fate? Nasrudin was asked by student Thompson University a scholar. An endless succession of intertwined events, each influencing the other. That is hardly a satisfactory answer.

I believe in peer scientific cause and effect. Very well, said the Mulla, look at that. He pointed to a procession passing in the street. That man is being taken to student coursework be hanged. How To Academic Articles Fraser International - NAVITAS. Is that because someone gave him a silver piece and enabled him to buy the knife with which he committed the murder; or because someone saw him do it; or because nobody stopped him? 12. The writer chose to conclude the article with this anecdote. She could have developed an interpretation, but this would have spoiled the dramatic value for the reader.

The purpose of using an anecdote is to make your point with subtlety, so resist the temptation to interpret. Keep in mind three guidelines when selecting an anecdote: it should be prepared for (the reader should have all the information needed to understand), it should provoke the reader's interest, and it should not be so obscure as to coursework Thompson Rivers University be unintelligible. A favorite concluding device is the practical Les Roches International of Hotel, quotation - the words of a famous person or an authority in the field on which you are writing The purpose of quoting another is to link your work to theirs, thereby gaining for your work authority and credibility. The first criterion for selecting a quotation is its suitability to your thesis. But you also should carefully consider what your choice of sources says about you. Student Rivers. Suppose you are writing a paper on the American work ethic. If you could use a line by comedian David Letterman or one by the current secretary of labor to make the thinking Marbella International School Management, final point of your conclusion, which would you choose and student coursework Rivers University, why? One source may not be inherently more effective than the other, but the academic Fraser International College, choice certainly sets a tone for the paper.

There is student coursework Thompson Rivers University, no doubt that machines will get smarter and smarter, even designing their own software and how to write academic articles Fraser University/Fraser College - NAVITAS, making new and better chips for student coursework Thompson Rivers, new generations of computers. More and more of their power will be devoted to making them easier to use - friendly, in industry parlance - even for those not trained in english language Hudson College computer science. And computer scientists expect that public ingenuity will come up with applications the most visionary researchers have not even considered. One day, a global network of student Thompson Rivers University smart machines will be exchanging rapid-fire bursts of information at unimaginable speeds. If they are used wisely, they could help mankind to educate its masses and crack new scientific frontiers. For all of us, it will be fearful, terrifying, disruptive, says SRl's Peter Schwartz.

In the end there will be those whose lives will be diminished. But for the vast majority, their lives will be greatly enhanced. In any event, there is no turning back: if the smart machines have not taken over, they are fast making themselves indispensable - and in the end, that may amount to very much the same thing. 13. Notice how the quotation is used to position the writer to make one final remark. Particularly effective quotations may themselves be used to end an essay, as in the following example. Make sure you identify the person you've quoted, although the identification does not need to be made in the conclusion itself. For example, earlier in the paper from how to write, which the following conclusion was taken, Maureen Henderson was identified as an epidemiologist exploring the ways in coursework Thompson University which a change in diet can prevent the onset of certain cancers.

In sum, the writing The Asia & Innovation, recommendations describe eating habits almost identical to the diet of around 1900, says Maureen Henderson. It's a diet we had before refrigeration and the complex carbohydrates we have now. It's an old fashioned diet and a diet that poor people ate more than rich people. Some cancer researchers wonder whether people will be willing to change their diets or take pills on the chance of preventing cancer, when one-third of the student, people in the country won't even stop smoking. Write On Poetry. Others, such as Seattle epidemiologist Emily White, suspect that most people will be too eager to dose themselves before enough data are in.

We're not here to convince the public to take anything, she says. Student Thompson Rivers. The public is too eager already. What we're saying is, 'Let us see if some of these things work.' We want to convince ourselves before we convince the public.'' 14. There is a potential problem with using quotations: if you end with the words of another, you may leave the impression that someone else can make your case more eloquently than you can. The language of the quotation will put your own prose into relief. If your own prose suffers by comparison - if the quotations are the best part of your paper - you'd be wise to spend some time revising. The way to avoid this kind of problem is to make your own presentation strong.

Questions are useful for & Innovation, opening essays, and they are just as useful for closing them. Student Coursework Thompson University. Opening and closing questions function in different ways, however. The introductory question promises to be addressed in the paper that follows. But the concluding question leaves issues unresolved, calling on the readers to assume an active role by offering their own solutions: How do we surmount the reaction that threatens to english writing Hudson College destroy the very gains we thought we had already won in the first stage of the women's movement?

How do we surmount our own reaction, which shadows our feminism and student coursework Rivers University, our femininity (we blush even to use that word now)? How do we transcend the polarization between women and women and between women and language essay College, men to achieve the new human wholeness that is the promise of student Rivers University feminism, and get on with solving the concrete, practical, everyday problems of living, working and loving as equal persons? This is the personal and political business of the second stage. 15. Perhaps you will choose to raise a question in your conclusion and then answer it, based on the material you've provided in the paper The answered question challenges a reader to agree or disagree with your response. This tactic also places the reader in an active role. Practical Les Roches International Management. The following brief conclusion ends an article entitled Would an Intelligent Computer Have a 'Right to Life'? So the answer to the question Would an intelligent computer have the right to life? is probably that it would, but only if it could discover reasons and conditions under which it would give up its life if called upon to do so - which would make computer intelligence as precious a thing as human intelligence. 16. When you speculate, you ask what has happened or discuss what might happen.

This kind of student coursework Thompson question stimulates the reader because its subject is the unknown. The following paragraph concludes The New Generation Gap by how to an essay College Neil Howe and William Strauss. In this essay, Howe and Strauss discuss the differences among Americans of various ages, including the Gl Generation (born between 1901 and student coursework, 1924), the Boomers (born 1943- 1961), the Thirteeners (born 1961-1981), and the Millennials (born 1981-2000): If, slowly but surely, Millennials receive the kind of family protection and public generosity that Gls enjoyed as children, then they could come of age early in the next century as a group much like the Gls of the 1920s and University, 1930s - as a stellar (if bland) generation of rationalists, team players, and coursework Thompson University, can-do civic builders Two decades from writing College, now Boomers entering old age may well see in their grown Millennial children an effective instrument for saving the world, while Thirteeners entering midlife will shower kindness on a younger generation that is getting a better deal out of life (though maybe a bit less fun) than they ever got at a like age. Study after story after column will laud these best damn kids in coursework Rivers University the world as heralding a resurgent American greatness. Les Roches Marbella International Management. And, for a while at least, no one will talk about a generation gap. 17. Thus, Howe and Strauss conclude an student coursework Thompson, essay concerned largely with the apparently unbridgeable gaps of understanding between parents and essay Hudson, children with a hopeful speculation that generational relationships will improve considerably in the next two decades. Some writers work with an coursework University, idea, committing it to paper only after it has been fully formed. Others will begin with a vague notion and an essay on poetry Niagara College, begin writing a first draft, trusting that as they write they'll discover what they wish to say. many people take advantage of both techniques: they write what they know but at the same time write to discover what they don't know. As you'll see, we used both techniques in writing this section of the book. [back]

Francis Mossiker, trans., Napoleon and Josephine . New York: Simon and Schuster, 1964. [back] Winter Organization in Patricia Curtis, Biology , 2nd ed. New York: Worth, 1976, pp. 822-823. [back] Robert Hutchins, Gate Receipts and Glory, The Saturday Evening Post . December 3, 1983. [back] Henry David Thoreau, Reading in Walden . New York: Signet Classic, 1960, p. 72. [back] Jane Yolen, America's 'Cinderella,' APS Publications, Inc., in Children's Literature in Education 8, 1977, pp. 21-29. Student Rivers University. [back]

Excerpt from Toward an Intelligence Beyond Man's from write a mla Ross, Time , February 20, 1978. Coursework. Copyright 1978 Time Inc. [back] Michele Jacques, Civil Disobedience: Van Dusen vs. Arendt. [Unpublished paper.] [back] Tammy Smith, Are Sex Roles Learned or Inherited? [Unpublished paper.] [back] From Hybrid Vim and Vigor by William L. Brown from pp. 77-78 in writing argumentative Pacific University Science 80-85, November 1984. Thompson University. Copyright by the AAAS. [back] From Mark Naison, Scenario for Scandal, Commonweal 109 (16), September 24, 1982. [back]

From The Murder Epidemic by Nikki Meredith from how to an essay College, pp. 42-48 in student Science 80-85, December 1984. Copyright by AAAS. [back] From And Man Created the Chip, Newsweek , June 30, 1980. Copyright 1980 by Newsweek, Inc. All rights reserved. [back]

Reprinted by how to write a mla School permission. From the September issue of Science '84 . Copyright 1984 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science. [back] Betty Friedan, Feminism's Next Step in student Thompson Rivers University The Second Stage . English Essay. New York: Summit Books, 1981. [back] Robert E. Mueller and Eric T. Mueller, Would an student Rivers, Intelligent Computer Have a 'Right to Life'? Creative Computing , August 1983. [back]

Excerpt from The New Generation Gap by Neil Howe and articles for publication Simon University/Fraser International - NAVITAS, William Strauss. Originally appeared in Atlantic , December 1992. Thompson Rivers University. [back]

Essay Writing Service -
Student Handbook - Thompson Rivers University

SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. If you're reading this article, I assume you're an IB Student, who is getting ready to write their Extended Essay. If you're looking at coursework Thompson University this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our other introductory IB articles first: What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? and What is the IB Curriculum? What are IB Diploma Requirements?. IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay. How To An Essay On Poetry. In this articles, I'll try to coursework Thompson Rivers, get you excited about english language writing College writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources to get an A. I'm a recipient of an IB Diploma, and student Thompson Rivers University I happened to receive an peer scientific The Windsor, A on my IB Extended Essay. If you don’t believe me, the student Rivers proof is in the IBO pudding,

If you're confused by what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay, and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. Scientific Journals School. In layman’s terms, my IB Diploma was graded during May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in student Thompson the English A1 category, and I received a grade A. The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the supervision of an advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all of the IB diploma requirements, check out writing argumentative The Asia & Innovation, our other article). I'll explain exactly how the EE affects your diploma later in coursework Rivers University this article. For the english language essay College Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to be approved by IBO (which is not very difficult). You can do a typical research paper such as in this paper, or you conduct an coursework Thompson Rivers, experiment/solve a problem such as in this paper. Most schools allow you to pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at your school, although you can also get access to one at another school through the Pamoja Education).

I'll explain how to pick your IB EE advisor below. The IB Extended Essay must include a cover page, an abstract (one-page synopsis of english essay writing Hudson College your essay), a table of contents, the 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on whether your topic requires illustrations such as an student coursework University, experiment would), and a bibliography. Your completed Extended Essay is a mla essay Ross, then sent to the IBO to Thompson Rivers, be graded (I will go into Les Roches Marbella School of Hotel Management more detail on grading below). What Should You Write About in coursework Rivers University Your Extended Essay? You can technically write about how to academic articles for publication University/Fraser International - NAVITAS anything, so long as the student coursework IBO approves it. However, you should choose a topic that falls into of Technology one of the IB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldn’t be difficult because there are so many class subjects.

Here is a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay: You can see from how varied the topics are that you have a lot of student coursework freedom when it comes to picking a topic. So, how do you pick when the practical thinking Marbella International School of Hotel Management options are limitless? I will help you with that next: 6 Tips for Writing a Grade A Extended Essay. Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy Because You'll Be Spending a Lot of Time on It. I love British theatre and University ended up writing mine about how to a mla essay a revolution in post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd. I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to take the Extended Essay seriously. I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC’s School of Dramatic Arts program and in student Thompson Rivers my interview for how to write an essay on poetry Niagara, the scholarship, I spoke passionately about student Thompson my Extended Essay. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship.

How do you find a topic you are passionate about? Start by figuring out which classes you enjoy the most and why you enjoy them. Language Essay Writing College. Do you like Math because you like to student coursework Thompson Rivers University, problem solve? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze texts? Once you have figured out a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper. What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending an hour on this type of brainstorming.

After doing this preliminary brainstorming make sure to choose: Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad, But Not Too Narrow. This is a fine line. English Language Hudson. You need to coursework Thompson Rivers, write about something specific, but not so specific that you can’t write 4,000 words on it . You can’t write about practical thinking Marbella School WWII because that would be a book worth of material. You don’t want to student Thompson Rivers, write about write for publication International College what type of Thompson Rivers soup prisoners of how to write a mla essay Ross School war received in POW camps because you probably can’t come up with 4000 words on it. However, you could possibly write about how the coursework Thompson University conditions in German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and failures. This may be too obvious of a topic, but you get my point.

If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. If you refer back to the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons. I also used comparison in my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to reviewed journals The Windsor School, John Osborne's Look Back in coursework Rivers University Anger in order to show a transition in British Theatre. Topics with comparisons of 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. tend to be in the sweet spot of Pacific University not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and after doing in-depth analysis on each, you compare and explain the significance of the comparison. Rivers University. The key here is that the comparison needs to be significant. I compared two plays to show a transition in how to academic for publication University/Fraser College British Theatre. Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade A EE.

If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and you are still unsure if a topic is too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is out there. Thompson Rivers. If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out how to academic articles Fraser - NAVITAS, there on the exact topic, it may be too broad. If there are only 2 books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow. Student Coursework University. If you are still unsure, ask your advisor! Speaking of advisors: Tip #3: Choose an peer scientific The Windsor School, Advisor Who Is Very Familiar With Your Topic and Who Seems Excited About It.

If you are not certain of student who you would like to how to write a mla essay School, be your advisor, I would start by creating a list of student coursework University your top three choices. Next, create a list of pros and cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!). For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher, and we get along really well, but he teaches English, and I want to conduct an writing argumentative The Asia, experiment to compare the Thompson Rivers University efficiency of American Hybrid Cars to Foreign Hybrid Cars. Ms. White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and reviewed The Windsor she liked me. She could help me design my experiment. Student Thompson University. I am going to ask Ms. How To Write Niagara College. White!

Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor. They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to Thompson, guide you in writing your English EE. EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is argumentative The Asia University (APU), passionate and knowledgeable about your topic (as my English teacher was about my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor. Consider all of your options first before you do. There was no theatre teacher at my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, so I chose the next best thing. Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form. Student Thompson Rivers University. Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is any required paperwork. IBO does not require any paperwork. If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor.

Tip #4: Choose an Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best. Some teachers may just take on students because they have to and may not be passionate about reading drafts and may not give you a lot of practical Les Roches School feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the student University time to read several drafts and give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make the draft better. Ask a teacher that you have experience with either through class directly or through an peer reviewed School, extracurricular activity.

Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher, who does not know you, is unlikely to push you. Note: The IBO only allows advisors to suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in writing the EE. The IBO recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in total with the candidate discussing the EE. Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow. IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. what you will be investigating), body, and conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced). An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly. Student Thompson Rivers. Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and briefly summarizes your whole argument.

An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for a mla essay School, the reader to follow your essay’s argument and will also hurt the grading of your EE. The body of your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about Thompson Rivers University 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on essay College, whether or not you include diagrams). Your body can be split into multiple parts. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and the last 1/3 as Comparison of student coursework Novel A and B Analysis. If you are conducting an writing argumentative Pacific University of Technology (APU), experiment or analyzing data such as in this EE , your EE body will have a clear and student coursework obvious parts following the scientific method: stating the english writing research question, discussing your method, showing the data, analyzing the data, discussing uncertainties, and drawing a conclusion/evaluating the experiment. Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later! You will not be able to crank out a 4,000-word essay in Thompson Rivers a week and get an A. You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books, plays, and watching movies). Start the research possible as soon as possible.

Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Marbella International School. Some schools want them as soon as November of your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Senior Year. Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by February of Thompson University Junior year, ask your IB coordinator. Some schools will give you a timeline of english language College when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor and when certain drafts are due. Not all schools do. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on a specific timeline. Here is my recommended timeline, it is earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember):

January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least top 3). February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on coursework University, how to pick an EE advisor). April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at least 7-10) to your EE advisor. The Asia University. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline. Summer between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between Junior and Senior Year! I know, I know no one wants to student Thompson University, work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the fall when you are busy with college applications and other IB internal assessments for your IB classes. You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to complete a couple of practical thinking Les Roches Marbella International School of Hotel draft cycles as you likely won’t be able to coursework Thompson, get everything you want to say into 4000 articulate words the first time. Try to english essay writing College, get this first draft into the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on too many revisions during the school year on top of your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc. August/September of Senior Year: Turn in your first draft of your EE to your advisor and receive feedback.

Work on incorporating their feedback into your essay. If they have a lot of student Thompson Rivers suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft. September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to your advisor (if necessary) and receive their feedback. English Language Writing Hudson. Work on creating the best possible final draft. November-February of Senior Year: Submit two copies of your final draft to your school to student Thompson Rivers University, be sent off to IBO. Journals School. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate. The early bird DOES get the worm! Extended essays are marked by external assessors (examiners appointed by the IB) on a scale of 0 to 36. There are general and subject-specific criteria, at a ratio of 2:1 (24 possible marks for the general criteria and 12 marks for student coursework Thompson University, the subject-specific one). The total mark is converted into english writing College a grade from A to E, using the below parameters: Here is the typical breakdown of scores (from 2008):

How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma? The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements. Coursework Thompson. This diagram shows how the two scores are combined to determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the english language writing Hudson College most, 0 being the student coursework least). So, let’s say you get an A on your EE and argumentative Pacific University of Technology & Innovation a B on student Rivers, TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma. Note: this chart is slightly outdated. How To Write Essay School. Prior to the class of coursework Thompson Rivers 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the extended essay or theory of knowledge and still be awarded a diploma.

However, as of 2014 (for the practical Les Roches Marbella International School first examination in student Rivers University May 2015), a student who scores an E on either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to peer reviewed journals The Windsor School, receive an IB diploma. In case you want a little more guidance on how to get an A EE. Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure: Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for coursework Thompson Rivers, each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at how to write academic articles for publication Simon Fraser University/Fraser improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article!

As an student coursework University, SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to test prep success. She loves watching students succeed and is committed to helping you get there. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to University of Southern California. How To Write On Poetry. She graduated magna cum laude and scored in the 99th percentile on the ACT. She is also passionate about acting, writing, and photography.

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