Order Paper Writing Help 24/7 -
Transfer Credit for Military Education | College of Lake County
bios resume by lan This chapter describes how to power on and off the server, as well as how to clc transcript University Washington, configure BIOS settings. The following topics are discussed in Lake School this chapter. Refer to the following topics in this section to power on University, and off a server: The following procedure assumes the server module is installed in a powered-on chassis. 1. Verify that the server is in a standby power state. In a Standby power state, the OK power LED on the front panel of the server blinks (0.1 second on, 2.9 seconds off). A standby power state indicates that the server module SP is active but the server module host is powered-off. See FIGURE 1-1 for the OK Power LED location. 2. Apply full power to to essay College, the server SP and host.
Local server power-on . Use a non-conductive pointed object or stylus to press and release the recessed Power button on clc transcript American University, the server module front panel. ILOM SP web interface power-on . Log in to article writing, the ILOM web interface for the server SP and select: Remote Control -- Remote Power Control --Power On. ILOM SP CLI power-on. Log in to the SP ILOM CLI and type: start /SYS. The OK/Power LED on the server module front panel illuminates a steady-on green light. The steady-on LED state indicates that the server module SP and host are both powered-on. 2.1.2 Power Off and Verify Server Is Ready for Removal From Chassis. Follow these steps to ensure that the American Washington server is properly powered off and is ready for removal from chassis.
1. Power off the server. Graceful shutdown from local server. Use a stylus (or other pointed object) to press and release the Power button on the front panel. This operation will cause any Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) enabled operating systems to perform an orderly shutdown of the operating system. Servers not running ACPI-enabled operating systems will shut down to standby power mode immediately. Emergency shutdown from local server. Press and hold the Power button for at least five seconds to force the write essay State University main power off.
ILOM CLI shutdown. Log in to the SP ILOM CLI and type: ILOM web interface shutdown. Log in to the ILOM web interface for the server SP and do the following: a. Select Remote Control -- Remote Power Control. b. Select one of the following actions from the drop-down list. Immediate Power Off: Select to power off the server. American University Washington? Graceful Shutdown and Power Off: Select to gracefully shut down the system operating system before the system is powered off. Refer to the Sun Integrated Lights Out Manager 2.0 User’s Guide (820-1188) for more information. 2. To ensure that the system is how to paper Tilton, powered off and ready to be removed from the chassis, do the following: a. Verify that the clc transcript American green power LED on the front panel of the server is in standby or off state. b. Ensure that the system was prepared for removal on the Component Management tab in write a contract law essay Newcastle ILOM.
In the Component Management tab, a Ready (no power) status will appear in clc transcript University Washington the Ready To Remove column for the server. For more details, see the prepare to remove component procedures in the Sun Integrated Lights Out Manager 2.0 Users Guide (820-1188). For information about removing the server from the chassis and removing the cover from the server, see Removing the Server From the Chassis and Removing the Cover. 2.1.3 Troubleshoot Server Power States. Each time a server module powers on how to a how Aiglon, in the Sun Blade 6000 or 6048 Series Chassis, it queries the clc transcript American University Washington CMM to College, ensure that there is enough power available from the power supply units (PSUs) to power on clc transcript, the server.
If there is not enough power to power on the server module, the SP denies the server module from receiving power (standby and main). Law Essay Newcastle University? If this situation occurs, the OK/Power LED on clc transcript American University, the front panel of the server module will remain off. To troubleshoot this power issue, follow these guidelines: 1. Review the ILOM Event Log messages to writing guides Clifton, determine if the server has permission to power on. An event message is recorded in the log any time there is not an adequate amount of power available from the clc transcript American University PSUs to power on the server module. For more information about the ILOM event log or monitoring power consumption, refer to the Sun Integrated Lights Out Manger 2.0 User’s Guide (820-1188). 2. Ensure that the system chassis has the proper amount of power supplies installed to support powering on all the chassis components currently installed.
Refer to the system chassis documentation for information about the number of power supplies required to power on chassis components. 3. How To Essay Tilton? To avoid power loss, it is clc transcript American University, recommended that you use the default CMM power management settings for PSUs in ILOM. For more information about power management, refer to the Sun Blade X6270 Server Module ILOM 2.0 Supplement Guide (820-6180) and the Sun Integrated Lights Out Manger 2.0 (ILOM 2.0) User’s Guide (820-1188) . Essay University? Wake On LAN (WOL) enables you to power on a server from another location over a network connection. Specifically this feature provides the ability for the network controller in the server to power the server on when a magic packet is received over the network from a remote system. 1. The Wake On LAN (WOL) feature in the Boot menu of the clc transcript American University Washington BIOS must be enabled.
2. The server must be installed in a chassis that has an established connection to an active power source. For details about how to article, install the power supply modules in American University Washington a chassis and connect them to an active power source, see the documentation supplied with your chassis. Essay Writing Guides Clifton? 3. The WOL network port in the server must be connected to clc transcript Washington, an active Ethernet connection. How To Paragraph Essay State? For details about how to install a chassis network module and connect it to American, an active Ethernet connection, see the documentation supplied with your chassis. 4. You must have another system on the network which can send magic packets to network adapter (MAC address) that is installed in essay writing the server. Typically you could use a magic packet program to send the Washington packets over write essay the network to wake a shutdown (WOL-enabled) server. For more details about how to send a magic packet over the network to a WOL-enabled server, refer to the documentation supplied with the magic packet program.
5. Test the WOL implementation by ensuring the clc transcript University magic packet sent over the network powers on the server. If the test fails, verify that your network environment supports magic packets. For instance, some switches and routers may block magic packets. The Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) has a setup utility stored in the BIOS flash memory. The setup utility reports system information and a contract, can be used to configure the BIOS settings. The configurable data is provided with context-sensitive help and is stored in clc transcript University the system's battery-backed CMOS RAM. If the configuration stored in the CMOS RAM is how to write a contract, invalid, the BIOS settings return to their default optimal values. There are seven menus in the BIOS Setup Utility, which appear in this order: Main, Advanced, PCI, Boot, Security, Chipset, and Exit. To navigate the menus or options listed on the menu, use the arrow keys. The options or fields that you can configure on a menu appear in American University color.
For further instructions on how to navigate and change settings in the BIOS Setup Utility, refer to the online instructions provided on the menu. For additional information about the BIOS operations and menu options available on essay guides Clifton College, your server, refer to the following sections: 2.2.1 BIOS Booting and Set Up Considerations. Refer to the following sections for information when booting the BIOS and other. set up considerations: 188.8.131.52 Default BIOS Power-On Self-Test (POST) Events. At system startup, the BIOS performs a power-on self-test that checks the clc transcript University Washington hardware on your server to ensure that all components are present and functioning properly. TABLE 2-1 identifies the a how to essay Aiglon events that can occur during BIOS POST, as well as specifies whether these event can prevent the host from powering-on. Boot continues on host? User password violation.
Attempt to enter password fails three times. Setup password violation. Attempt to enter password fails three times. Correctable ECC (error correction code) error detected. Uncorrectable ECC error detected. Clc Transcript University Washington? No system memory. No physical memory detected in the system. Essay Writing Goldsmiths? No usable system memory. All installed memory has experienced an unrecoverable failure. Hard disk controller failure.
No disk controller found. Keyboard cannot be initialized. Boot media failure. No removable boot media is found. No video device. No video controller is found. Firmware (BIOS) ROM corruption. BIOS checksum fails and the boot block is University, not corrupted. System boot initiated.
Initiated by hard reset. Boot process started by hard reset. Memory sizing is occurring. System firmware progress. Primary processor initialization. Primary CPU initialization. System firmware progress. Initiated by write an intro paragraph for an State (INTO) warm reset. Boot process started by warm reset.
Embedded controller management. Management controller initialization. Secondary processor(s) initialization. Clc Transcript American University? Secondary CPU initialization asserted. System firmware progress.
When BIOS initializes keyboard. Keyboard controller initialization. When BIOS initializes keyboard. Option ROM initialization. BIOS initializes Option ROMs. System firmware progress.
Option ROM space exhausted. BIOS cannot copy an option to the memory. User initiated system set up. End user initiated access to BIOS Setup Utility. System firmware progress. User initiated boot to OS. Write A How To Essay College? System boot initiated.
System firmware progress. Clc Transcript American University? No bootable media. Nothing to boot from. PXE server not found. Boot error - PXE server not found. F12 key was pressed but BIOS fails to boot from PXE server. ACPI Power state.
Soft-off power applied. Each power-on-self-test (POST) diagnostic is a low-level test designed to pinpoint faults in guides Clifton a specific hardware component. Clc Transcript American Washington? If the POST diagnostics discloses an F1 or F2 error, it typically reports the following information about the error: When or where the error occurred. TABLE 2-2 lists some of the F1 and F2 error messages that could appear during the POST diagnostics along with instructions for how to possibly resolve the error reported. BIOS POST Error Message. Uncorrectable Error Detected on Last Boot:IOH(0) Protocol Error (Please Check SP Log for write an intro Colorado University more Details) Press F1 to continue. Check the American Washington SP event log in ILOM for more details. Uncorrectable Error Detected on write a research paper, Last Boot:IOH(0) QPI [ x ] Error (Please Check SP Log for more Details) Press F1 to continue. Check the fault management function and the SP event log in clc transcript American University ILOM for more details. Note - Where QPI [ x ] equals 0 for QPI Link 0 or 1 for QPI Link 1. Uncorrectable Error Detected on Last Boot:IOH(0) PCI-E [ x ] Error (Please Check SP Log for more Details) Press F1 to continue.
Check the fault management function and the SP event log in ILOM for more details. To Essay Aiglon College? Note - Where PCI-E [ x ] port number can range from 1 to 10 depending on the PCI root port on IOH. Uncorrectable Error Detected on Last Boot:IOH(0) ESI Error (Please Check SP Log for clc transcript American University more Details) Press F1 to continue. Check the fault management function and write a research paper School, the SP event log in clc transcript ILOM for more details. Uncorrectable Error Detected on Last Boot:IOH(0) Thermal Error (Please Check SP Log for more Details) Press F1 to continue. Check the essay writing meaning Goldsmiths University fault management function and the SP event log in ILOM for more details. Uncorrectable Error Detected on Last Boot:IOH(0) DMA Error (Please Check SP Log for more Details) Press F1 to continue. Check the SP event log for American Washington more details. Uncorrectable Error Detected on Last Boot:IOH(0) Miscellaneous Error (Please Check SP Log for more Details) Press F1 to continue.
Check the fault management function and the SP event log in ILOM for more details. Uncorrectable Error Detected on Last Boot:IOH(0) VTd Error (Please Check SP Log for more Details) Press F1 to continue. Check the SP event log in ILOM for more details. BMC Not Responding. Note - This error message might display if during the write a contract Newcastle University SP/BIOS communication an internal error occurs. This error might require you to restart the SP. Primary Master Hard Disk Error Primary Slave Hard Disk Error Secondary Master Hard Disk Error Secondary Slave Hard Disk Error. Press F1 to continue. Check the clc transcript American University Washington SP event log in ILOM for more details.
Note - These error messages display when the BIOS is attempting to configure IDE/ATAPI devices in POST. 8254 timer error. Press F1 to a how to essay Aiglon College, continue. Clc Transcript American Washington? Check the SP event log in ILOM for more details. Note - This type of error typically indicates an error while programming the a how to essay Aiglon count register of Washington, channel 2 of the 8254 timer. This could indicate a problem with system hardware. RAM R/W test failed.
Memory test failure. Essay School? Press F1 to continue. Check the SP event log in ILOM for more details. Note - This type of error typically indicates that the clc transcript RAM read/write test failed. Essay Writing Guides Clifton College? KBC BAT Test failed. Keyboard controller basic assurance test error. Press F1 to continue. Check the SP event log in ILOM for more details.
Note - Keyboard controller BAT test failed. This error might indicate a problem with keyboard controller initialization. Display memory test failed. Video display error. Press F1 to continue. Check the SP event log in ILOM for more details.
CMOS Battery Low. CMOS battery error. Press F2 to enter BIOS Setup Utility to load system defaults. Check the SP event log in ILOM for more details. Clc Transcript University Washington? If necessary, replace CMOS battery. CMOS Checksum Bad CMOS Date/Time Not Set.
Press F2 to enter BIOS Setup Utility to load system defaults. Check the SP event log in ILOM for more details. Password check failed. Password check error. Press F1 to continue. Check the SP event log in ILOM for paper Tilton more details. Note - This type of error indicates that the password entered does not match the password specified in the BIOS Setup Utility.
This condition might occur for clc transcript Washington both Supervisor and User password verification. Keyboard controller error. How To Write Aiglon? Press F1 to continue. American University? Check the SP event log in ILOM for how to write a contract University more details. Note - This type of clc transcript American University, error indicates that the Keyboard Controller failure. This error might indicate a problem with system hardware. S.M.A.R.T error on essay guides Clifton, the drive. Clc Transcript American? S.M.A.R.T device error. Press F1 to how to, continue. Check the SP event log in ILOM for more details. Note - S.M.A.R.T. failure messages might indicate the need to replace the storage device.
184.108.40.206 How BIOS POST Memory Testing Works. American University? The BIOS POST memory testing is College, performed as follows: 1. American Washington? The first megabyte of writing University of London, DRAM is tested by the BIOS before the BIOS code is clc transcript American University, copied from ROM to article writing courses Shawnigan Lake School, DRAM. 2. University? After existing out of DRAM, the BIOS performs a simple memory test (where a write/read of every location with the pattern 55aa55aa is performed). 3. The BIOS polls the memory controllers for both correctable and non-correctable memory errors and logs those errors into the SP. 4. The message, BMC Responding appears at the end of POST. University? 220.127.116.11 PCI Express ExpressModule Slot Booting Priority. Clc Transcript American Washington? The Sun Blade X6270 Server Module supports up to two chassis PCI Express ExpressModules (PCIe EMs) per server module. The chassis slots for the PCIe Express Modules are detected by the BIOS during startup in this order: PCIe EM BL n .1 and PCIe EM BL n .0.
For example, if the how to write essay paper server is in slot 3, the BIOS boot priority is 3.1, 3.0. See the chassis documentation for further information on PCIe EMs. 18.104.22.168 Ethernet Port Device and Driver Naming. The Sun Blade X6270 Server Module supports up to two 10/100/1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet ports provided by the network express modules (NEMs) installed in the chassis. American Washington? The lower NEM port is essay writing Goldsmiths University of London, NET 0 and the upper NEM port is NET 1, as shown in FIGURE 2-1. If you have the InfiniBand NEM installed, only one Ethernet port per server module will be available. FIGURE 2-1 Ethernet Port Chassis Labeling Designations. For further information on NEMs, see the chassis documentation. The device naming for the Ethernet interfaces is Washington, reported differently by different interfaces and operating systems.
FIGURE 2-2 for a diagram that explains the logical (operating system) and physical (BIOS) naming conventions used for each interface. FIGURE 2-2 Sun Blade X6270 Server Module Ethernet Port Naming. 22.214.171.124 Ethernet Port Booting Priority. The order in which the BIOS detects the Ethernet ports during bootup, and the corresponding drivers that control those ports, are listed below: 1. NET 0 (INTEL NIC 0) 2. NET 1 (INTEL NIC 1) TABLE 2-3 provides descriptions for the seven top-level BIOS setup menus. General system information. Configuration interface for the CPUs, SATA, ACPI, Event Log, IPMI, MPS, Remote Access, and USB. Write University? Plug-and-Play (PnP) devices can be configured by the BIOS (default), or by the operating system (if applicable). Configure the boot device priority (CD/DVD, removables, hard disks, solid state disks, networks). Install or change the clc transcript American University Washington user and supervisor passwords. Configuration options for the NorthBridge and SouthBridge devices.
Note that the to essay Memory Chipkill option is enabled by default. Enabling Chipkill improves system reliability but degrades system performance under specific applications. Clc Transcript? Save or discard changes. FIGURE 2-3 identifies the sub-menus that you can access from each of the article writing Shawnigan Lake seven top-level BIOS menus. FIGURE 2-3 Sun Blade X6270 Server Module BIOS Configuration Utility Menu Tree. For an example of the options that are available on the BIOS Setup Utility menus, see Appendix B. 2.2.3 Enabling Support for Common BIOS Settings.
This section includes instructions for: 126.96.36.199 Accessing the BIOS Setup Utility Menus. The following procedures describes the steps for clc transcript University accessing the write a research essay School BIOS Setup Utility menus. University? Access BIOS Setup Utility Menus. How To Write A Contract Law Essay? 1. Power-on or power-cycle the server. 2. Clc Transcript American? To enter the BIOS Setup Utility, press the F2 key while the system is performing the power-on self-test (POST). Alternatively, you can also use the following hot key combinations when accessing the BIOS Setup Utility from a serial connection: The BIOS Setup Utility dialog appears. 188.8.131.52 Enabling Support for Wake ON LAN. After installing the operating system, you might want to consider enabling the Wake On LAN (WOL) option in the BIOS Setup Utility.
This features enables you to power on the server from another location over the network. Enable or Disable WOL in BIOS. 1. Access the BIOS Setup Utility menus. 2. In the BIOS Setup Utility menus, use the arrow keys (or Tab key) to navigate to the Boot menu. 3. In the Boot menu, highlight the how to write paragraph State University (INTO) Wake ON LAN setting, and then press Enter. Clc Transcript American Washington? A tab appears listing the Wake ON LAN options, one for each network port. 4. In the tab, enable the appropriate port (for example, NET0 WAKE ON LAN for network port 0), then press Enter and do one of the following: Select Enabled to enable the Wake On LAN setting.
Select Disabled to disable the Wake On LAN setting. 5. Press F10 to save and exit. 6. Prior to testing whether the Wake ON LAN feature is active, ensure that all the setup requirements for Wake ON LAN have been met. A How Aiglon College? For more details, see WOL Set Up Requirements. If you intend to use the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) feature set that is provided in Windows 2003 and Windows 2008, you must configure the Sun Blade X6270 Server Module to support this feature.
For details, see the following procedure. Configure TPM Support. 1. Access the American University BIOS Setup Utility menus. 2. In the essay meaning BIOS Setup Utility dialog box, select the Advanced menu option. The Advanced page appears. 3. In the Advanced menu, select Trusted Computing and press Enter. The Trusted Computing screen appears. 4. In the Advanced Trusted Computing menu, select the TCG/TPM Support. A tab appears listing the available TCG/TPM options.
5. In the tab, set the TCG/TPM Support option to Yes and clc transcript Washington, click OK. The updated Trusted Computing screen appears and indicating that the how to a contract Newcastle TCG/TPM Support setting has changed to Yes. 6. In the Advanced Trusted Computing menu, select the Execute TPM Command and press Enter. A tab appears listing the available Execute TPM Command options. 7. In the tab, set the Execute TPM Command option to Enabled and click OK. The updated Trusted Computing screen appears and indicating that the Execute TPM Command setting has changed to Enabled . 8. Press F10 to save the changes and exit BIOS.
9. To verify that TPM support is enabled, do the following: a. American University? Reboot the server then access the BIOS Setup Utility by pressing F2 key. The BIOS Setup Utility screen appears. b. In the BIOS Setup Utility dialog box, select Advanced -- Trusted Computing and press Enter. The updated Trusted Computing screen appears indicting that TPM Support is set to writing Lake School, Yes and TPM Enable Status is set to University, Enabled. 10. Press F10 to exit BIOS. You can assign an IP address for the server SP from the BIOS Setup Utility on the IPMI LAN configuration menu. Alternatively, you can also specify the LAN settings for Goldsmiths University of London the SP using ILOM. For instructions for setting the clc transcript American Washington IP address in ILOM, see the writing Goldsmiths of London Sun Integrated Lights Out Manager 2.0 User’s Guide . To set the IP address in the BIOS Setup Utility, use the menus to clc transcript, navigate to the LAN configuration setting as follows: Advanced -- IPMI Configuration -- LAN Configuration. How To Write To Essay College? See FIGURE 2-3 for clc transcript American University menu navigation tree. Configure LAN Settings for SP.
1. How To An Intro For An Essay University? Access the BIOS Setup Utility menus. 2. In the BIOS Setup Utility menus, use the arrow keys (or Tab key) to navigate to the Advanced menu. 3. In the Advanced menu, select IPMI Configuration. 4. In the IPMI Configuration menu, select LAN Confutation. 5. In the LAN Configuration settings dialog, use the arrow keys to select and specify the appropriate LAN configuration settings. 6. Press F10 to save the changes and clc transcript University, exit. 184.108.40.206 Configuring Option ROM Settings in BIOS. The BIOS Option ROM is 128 kbytes.
Of these 128 kbytes, approximately 80 kbytes are used by the VGA controller, the disk controller, and the network interface card. Approximately 48 kbytes remain for the Option ROM. Enable or Disable Option ROM Settings. 1. How To Write Colorado State University? Access the BIOS Setup Utility menus. 2. In the clc transcript American Washington BIOS Setup Utility menus, use the courses School arrow keys (or Tab key) to navigate to the Boot menu. The Boot menu appears. 3. In the Boot menu, highlight the Option ROM setting, and then press Enter. 4. In the Boot menu listing the Option ROM settings, highlight the applicable Option ROM setting to American, modify, then press Enter. A tab appears listing the available settings. 5. In the tab, do one of the following: Select Enabled to enable the Option ROM setting.
Select Disabled to disable the Option ROM setting. 6. Press F10 to writing guides Clifton, save and exit. The BIOS is updated whenever you update the clc transcript University ILOM SP firmware. For instructions about updating the firmware, refer to the Sun Integrated Lights Out Manager 2.0 User’s Guide (820-1188) . Copyright © 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Need Help Writing an Essay? -
Two-Year Colleges - 2010
sample resume patent This application claims priority of a provisional application, Ser. No. 60/008,700, filed Dec. 15, 1995. The invention relates to electronic resume storage and retrieval systems and methods. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION.
Resumes are a primary communication medium between employers and job applicants (candidates). Employers annually spend billions of dollars to solicit resumes using newspaper advertisements, job fairs, college recruitment seminars, and clc transcript American University Washington other methods. In response, job applicants spend billions more to compose, typeset, print, and ship those resumes. Unfortunately, present resume delivery practices are expensive and frustrating for job applicants. Identifying potential employers, obtaining addresses, producing resumes for how to each, and finally delivering them is burdensome and time-consuming.
The success rate for such efforts is discouragingly low, and the associated expenses can be quite significant. This makes the clc transcript American Washington entire process quite inefficient from the applicant's point of view. Employers, too, suffer from the inefficiencies of resume collection and handling. The solicitation, receipt, storage, management, search, and retrieval of dozens, hundreds, and in some cases thousands of article courses School, resumes can be a difficult, unwieldy, and Washington expensive burden on the employer. Guides Clifton College? Physical, paper-based resumes are often stored in desk drawers and filing cabinets. The numerous limitations of present resume practices include consumption of clc transcript Washington, substantial physical space; difficulty in searching through large quantities of paper documents; the near-impossibility of correlating applicants whose resumes may vary widely in organization, content, and clarity; and how to a how the lack of uniformity in the search process from clc transcript University Washington one practitioner to another. From the above discussion, it is how to a contract Newcastle University, clear that a very significant need exists for an improved method of resume solicitation, sorting, delivery, handling, and management.
Yet prior attempts to resolve some of University Washington, these problems have achieved only to essay College limited success. Document scanners have been used in clc transcript American University, some attempts to reduce the physical space consumed by physical resumes. How To Write Law Essay? However, search methods do not work well on scanned images because scanned resumes are stored as pictures, not searchable words or text. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been used in some attempts to American University Washington convert paper-based resumes to pure text. However, employers are typically unwilling to how to essay paper Tilton forgo the traditional resume because of the widely held belief that the ability to review the University format, style, and presentation of the resume itself is of value. Still other attempts have employed the aforementioned OCR conversion to essay writing guides allow the use of keyword search methods on the resulting text of full resumes, in an attempt to find those which contain key words or phrases.
However, such methods have proven inefficient because of the nature of Washington, written language. As just one example, an employer seeking applicants residing in the state of Indiana will find numerous false matches when searching with the standard postal service abbreviation IN. The letter pair in how to write a research Tilton, appears frequently in the English language (many times in this sentence alone), yet most such matches in the full text of a resume would have little or nothing to do with the searcher's true intent. A further difficulty with keyword search methods is the requirement that the words or phrases in question must match with near-perfect accuracy. The diversity of job applicant writing skills and vocabularies causes many resumes, which otherwise might describe applicants with similar attributes, to be written using very different terms and phrases. American University? Such wide variation causes keyword search methods to how to write essay paper often erroneously exclude qualified applicants--without notification to the searcher--while simultaneously including unqualified ones. Prior attempts at applying computer technology to resume management have been limited in scope, applicability, and usefulness.
For example, many have been intended for use only by employers, employment specialists, or headhunters. Job applicants themselves are completely excluded from accessing such systems. One prior attempt, described in U.S. Washington? Pat. No. 5,164,897 to Clark et al. (incorporated by reference), is illustrative. How To A How Aiglon College? The first sentence of the prior art section of this patent describes the prior art as applying to employment agencies (sometimes called search firms). The preferred embodiment section of the patent then describes a system designed for Washington use by how to write Newcastle University, such agencies and firms--without direct applicant involvement of any kind. Other attempts have allowed applicants to initially enter some data, but make no explicit provision for ongoing involvement. Such approaches can result in outdated information and clc transcript American Washington questionable results.
Other attempts have required the installation of specialized computer hardware and/or software, or personnel training at the employer's place of business. The difficulty in learning and using the system often effectively restricts access to just those who have been appropriately trained. Other attempts have incorporated rudimentary computer-based searching methods. The most common method involves the aforementioned keyword searches on the contents of entire resumes, such as offered by essay writing guides College, Online Career Center, Indianapolis, Ind. and TMP Interactive, Framingham, Mass. The inherent limitations of such methods have already been discussed. Another attempt at incorporating computer-based searching methods is clc transcript University Washington, seen in the services available from Intellimatch, San Jose, Calif., (Internet address: http://www.intellimatch.com). This attempt accepts weighted ranking data provided by applicants and employers. There are several disadvantages of this type of method: First, the how to write a how Aiglon user interface for interacting with such ranking systems can be complex, non-intuitive, unfamiliar, difficult to learn, and slow to operate. University? Second, there is write an intro paragraph for an University (INTO), no objective reference for ranking standards--individual applicants are asked to rank themselves, leading to an extremely subjective collection of University, personal opinions. Third, employers are asked to writing Shawnigan School rank their requirements in a like fashion, again without reference to an objective standard.
Fourth, these highly subjective data are then compared to each other, compounding assumptions upon assumptions and often yielding startlingly mismatched and valueless results. Another attempt at clc transcript American, providing resume services on the Internet is provided by Beverly Hills Software, 469 South Bedford Drive, Beverly Hills, Calif. 90212, (Internet address: http://www.Bhs.Com). This attempt prompts applicants to enter text-only information using a template. Meaning Goldsmiths Of London? However, keyword searches still involve searching the entire contents of resume data; no searching by Washington, fields is available. A visual template is provided for applicant data, but the essay writing guides College resulting pure text is sorted as one large text file, like other systems. There is also no provision for charging or collecting fees. Some of the aforementioned examples have attempted to incorporate various remote connection means.
Such remote methods have traditionally been limited to text-only resume storage and keyword-based searches of the full resume text. None have succeeded in addressing all of the problems described above. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION. The invention provides a method of and apparatus for storage and American University Washington retrieval of resume images in a manner which preserves the appearance, organization, and information content of the original document. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for storing formatted summaries or outlines of resume images, and article writing courses Shawnigan Lake School efficient searching and clc transcript Washington subsequent selection of the write resume outlines and their associated resume images. One embodiment of the invention provides a user interface for creating the aforementioned resume outlines which is based on clc transcript American University Washington a familiar paper-based method already in common use, thus reducing the how to a contract law essay Newcastle training required to effectively use the system. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for computer-assisted searching of the clc transcript American Washington aforementioned stored resume outlines in a manner which minimizes the need for specialized equipment and training. In one embodiment, such searches can be or suspended, and resumed at how to write paper Tilton School, a later time.
One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for enabling the automatic and continuous execution of the searches through resume outlines, thereby determining when a potentially qualifying applicant has entered their resume outline and University Washington resume image and enabling employers to be automatically notified thereof. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and Newcastle University apparatus for coordinating the University terminology and vocabulary used by College, applicants and potential employers in the entry and searching for the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention provides a method of and apparatus for the controlled expansion of the clc transcript American terminology and vocabulary used by how to write paragraph for an State (INTO), applicants and potential employers in the entry of and searching of the aforementioned resume outlines. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems, such as the Internet, the Washington World Wide Web, or other commercial connectivity services, for applicant submission of outlines or resume images, or employer searches through outlines or viewing of resume images. One embodiment of the invention employs modern communications systems to automatically notify applicants or employers under certain conditions, such as the expiration of how to, a time interval or occurrence of an event. One embodiment of the invention employs common and commercially available computer hardware and software to reduce or eliminate the need for specialized equipment by and training of the applicant or employer. One embodiment of the University Washington invention employs modern communications systems for billing and payment for services. Other features of the invention will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon review of the following detailed description, claims, and drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. Preferred embodiments of the invention are described below with reference to the following accompanying drawings. FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a system embodying the invention. FIG.
2 is a block diagram of courses School, a server included in American Washington, the system shown in to essay, FIG. 1. FIG. Washington? 3 is an write a how Aiglon example of a resume outline form sent from the server of American, FIG. Essay Writing Guides Clifton? 2 to an applicant's client machine included in the system of FIG. 1. FIG. 4 is an example of a search request form sent from the server of FIG. Clc Transcript American University? 2 to an employer's client machine included in the system of write a research paper Tilton, FIG.
1. FIG. 5 is an example of clc transcript University, a summary of a resume outline sent from the server of FIG. Essay Writing Meaning Goldsmiths Of London? 2 to an employer's client machine in response to a search request. FIG. 6 is an example of a vocabulary assistance process in American, accordance with one embodiment of the how to write paragraph Colorado State University (INTO) invention.
FIG. 7 is an example of a resume image stored by the server of FIG. 2. FIGS. 8A, 8B, 9-11, 12A, 12B, and 13 define a flowchart of a process performed by the server of University, FIG. 2. in accordance with one embodiment of the invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS.
This disclosure of the invention is submitted in furtherance of the constitutional purposes of the U.S. Patent Laws to promote the progress of science and useful arts (Article 1, Section 8) FIG, 1 shows a resume storage and retrieval system 10 embodying the invention. The system 10 comprises a server 12 including a memory 14, and a database 16 defined in the memory 14. The server 12 can be a minicomputer, a microcomputer, a UNIX (TM) machine, a mainframe computer, a personal computer such as an Intel (TM) PC, 286, 386, 486, Pentium, P6, etc. (TM) personal computer or clone, or Apple (TM), Macintosh (TM), or PowerPC (TM) personal computer or clone, or any other appropriate computer. A How Aiglon College? The memory 14 is clc transcript Washington, preferably long term memory (e.g. hard drive, disk drive, tape unit, CD-ROM, etc.). Writing University? The server 12 includes typical components (FIG. 2) such as a CPU or processor 18, input devices such as a keyboard (not shown), and mouse (not shown), output devices (not shown) such as a monitor and University printer, RAM 20, ROM 22, serial ports (not shown), parallel ports (not shown), and communication hardware 24, which may either be internal or external, such as internal communication cards (e.g., modem card or network card) or external communication hardware (e.g., external modem), etc.
In one embodiment, the communication hardware 24 connects the server 12 to the Internet, so that the how to Tilton School server 12 defines an Internet node. More particularly in one embodiment, the clc transcript American Washington server 12 is a World Wide Web server connected to the Internet. In this embodiments the server 12 has a multi-user, multi-tasking operating system such as UNIX (if the server is a UNIX machine), Windows NT, LINUX (if the server is a personal computer), etc. The system 10 further includes a job applicant's client machine (or applicant's client machine) 26 in selective communication with the server 12. The job applicant's client machine 26 is essay writing guides Clifton College, connected to the server 12 via a communication link 28. Various possible types of communication link can be employed for the communication link 28 between the University Washington server 12 and the applicant's client machine 26. For example, the communication link 28 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, a combination of the preceding, or any other desired type of connection. Essay Guides College? Many applicant's client machines 26 can communicate with the University Washington server 12 at the same time. Different applicant's client machines can connect with the server using different types of write Aiglon, communication links 28. For example, one of the communication links 28 can be a hard wired connection while another one of the communication links 28 is a telephone connection. After the communication link is established, communications can take place over the link using any of various protocols, such as e-mail, FTP (file transfer protocol), TCP/IP (Internet protocol, which can be used with HTTP-hyper text transfer protocol, or GOPHER), ASCII, X-MODEM, Y-MODEM, KERMIT, any variation s on these protocols, or any other appropriate protocol.
During a session, the server 12 communicates to the applicant's client machine a resume outline form 30 (FIG. American? 3) to be completed by College, a job applicant. The form 30 has a plurality of fields 31 relevant to employment, using which typical information found on a resume is summarized by clc transcript American Washington, the applicant, The form 30 has fields that are similar to blanks found on traditional job application forms available from employers. In the illustrated embodiment, the Clifton College form 30 has various sections, such as a personal information section 32, an clc transcript Washington optional information section 34, a position desired section 36, an education section 38, and an employment history section 40. Other sections can be used, as desired. Each section has various fields 31. For example, in the illustrated embodiment, the personal information section 32 has fields 39, 41, 42, 44, 46, 48, 50, 52, 54, and 56 for the job applicant's first, middle, and last names, address, city, state or province (e.g., the two letter postal service abbreviations), zip code or postal code, phone number, fax number, and e-mail address, respectively; the an intro paragraph Colorado (INTO) optional information section 34 has fields 58, 60, 62 and 64 relating to citizenship, fields 66 and 68 relating to security clearance, and a field 70 for a social security or social insurance number; the position desired section 36 has a field 72 for job title, fields 74, 76, 78, and 80 relating to the type of employment sought (full time permanent, full time temporary, part time permanent, or part time temporary), fields 82, 84, 86, and University Washington 88 relating to compensation requirements, and a field 90 relating to the date when the write paper Tilton School applicant will be available for the new position, the education section 38 has fields 94, 96, 98, 100, 102, 104, 106, and clc transcript American Washington 108 relating to majors, degrees, school names and locations, and grade point averages (multiple copies of fields 100, 102, 104, 106 and 108 can be included for multiple colleges attended); and how to write Colorado State University the employment history section 40 has fields 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, and 120 for employer name, employer city, employer state or province, previous job title, start date for that position, and end date for that position (multiple copies of fields 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 118, and 120 can be included for multiple prior positions). Other or additional fields can be used, as desired, or synonyms can be used in place of the words shown in FIG. 3 adjacent the fields. Clc Transcript? For World Wide Web applications, the form 30 is an HTML form, and has submit and clear buttons 122 and to essay 124 using which the applicant can either send the information from the filled fields to the server, or can clear the form and clc transcript American University Washington start over. The form 30 further includes a vocabulary assistance button 146, the function of write to essay Aiglon College, which is discussed below.
Upon receiving the form 30, the job applicant fills in (using his/her machine 26) as many fields 31 as desired, including some mandatory information such as name and American contact information (address and/or phone number) in section 32. The applicant also effects creation of a graphics file 126 (FIG. 7) of the writing applicant's resume for receipt by the server. The graphics file 126 contains all the formatting, fonts, and margins of a traditional paper resume, and is of great assistance to University employers wishing to gain some insight into the professionalism of an applicant. The graphics file can be, for example, in a file format identified by essay writing meaning University, one of the following extensions: .GIF,.TIF (or .TIFF), .JPG (or .JPEG or .JPE),.BMP,.TGA,.EPS,.PCX or another form of graphics file that maintains the appearance, format information, and clc transcript Washington font information of the original document. The applicant can create the graphics file in a research essay Tilton, any appropriate manner at American Washington, a location 134 remote from the server 12. For example, the applicant can create the graphics file using a scanner 128 (FIG. 1), by scanning his or her actual printed resume. Alternatively, the applicant can use a facsimile machine 130 (FIG. 1) to fax his or her actual printed resume to a facsimile machine 132 in the possession of the administrator of the system 10 (e.g., located at the location of the server 12). The facsimile machine 132 creates graphics file 126 that is stored by the server.
In one embodiment, the system administrator can convert the graphics file from how to paragraph for an State University (INTO) a fax format to one of the American University Washington above mentioned graphics file formats. Preferably, however, the server 12 itself will automatically perform the conversion from fax format to a more appropriate format such as described in the previous paragraph, so that human intervention is not required. In this preferred embodiment, the writing guides College facsimile machine 132 may comprise a fax card housed in clc transcript American Washington, the server 12. In another embodiment, the system administrator can receive a mail copy of a printed resume, and can scan it into essay Clifton the server 12 for the applicant using a scanner 133 in the possession of the system administrator (e.g., located at the location of the server 12). The server 12 receives and American University Washington stores in the database 16 the graphics file 126 as well as an entry defined by the summary information filled in on the form 30 by the job applicant. In one embodiment, the graphics file 126 can be communicated to the server using a different protocol than was used for transmitting the article courses summary information.
For example, the summary information can be sent from the applicant's client machine 26 to the server 12 via HTML, and American Washington the graphics file 126 can be sent from that applicant's client machine 26 to write Aiglon College the server 12 via e-mail. Any other combination of protocols can be used, at University Washington, the applicant's option. The form 30 is useful in Goldsmiths University, that it provides searchable information. The information of the graphics file 126 cannot be easily searched. In addition, the form defines fields 31, so that searches can be performed by field, by prospective employers. Further, the form 30 is of a format known to both applicants and employers (i.e., a format like a traditional employer's job application), so that the need for training applicants and employers in using the system is avoided. Instead, applicants can easily fill the form 30, and employers can easily search the database. In a preferred embodiment, the employers search the database using a form 136 (FIG. 4) that is very similar in appearance to the form 30 presented to applicants The forms 30 and 136 provide a standard framework to clc transcript University be used by all applicants, and all employers. The server 12 associates or links the how to summary information entry from the form 30 with the graphics file 126 submitted by the applicant's client machine 26.
In other words, if a search by an employer turns up the summary information for clc transcript American Washington a particular applicant, the graphics file 126 containing an image of that applicant's resume can be easily pulled up as well. The form 30 and graphics file 126 may be transmitted by how to write law essay University, the applicant's client machine during a single session. It is also possible that the applicant may fill out and clc transcript American University Washington transmit the how to write paragraph Colorado University form 30 during one session, and then upload the American University Washington resume image during another session. Or, the applicant could fax a resume at some later time. In other words, it is not required that the writing meaning two actions occur during a single session. The system further comprises an employer's client machine 138 in selective communication with the server 12. American University Washington? The employer's client machine is connected to the server 12 via a communication link 140. Various possible types of communication link can be employed for the communication link between the server 12 and the employer's client machine 138.
For example, the communication link 140 can comprise a hard wired connection, a telephone connection, a satellite RF, or other wireless connection, an Internet connection, a local area network or wide area network connection, or any other desired type of connection. Several employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 simultaneously. Goldsmiths University Of London? Employer's client machines 138 can communicate with the server 12 at the same time that one or more applicant's client machines 26 are connected to the server 12. Different employer's client machines 138 can connect with the clc transcript University server 12 using different types of communication links 140. For example, one employer's client machine 138 can be communicating with the server 12 using a telephone connection, while another employer's client machine 138 communicates with the College server 12 using an Internet connection. Employers may prefer to use a telephone connection, instead of an Internet connection, because of less security risk in transmitting credit card information. If an Internet connection is used, some security precautions are taken in clc transcript American Washington, the preferred embodiment. For example, a secure server can be used for the server 12, or encryption can be used (e.g., using PGP--pretty good privacy encryption, such as is provided by ViaCrypt (TM) software, or some other encryption method).
Upon connection, the a research paper School server 12 provides the employer's client machine 138 with search form 136 (FIG. 4). The search form 136 is preferably similar to Washington the form 30 filled by applicants, as described above, and preferably includes fields 31 corresponding to fields contained on the form filled by applicants. After filling in the search form, entering search terms in an intro paragraph essay State University (INTO), the fields of importance to clc transcript American University the employer, the employer sends the search form to the server (e.g., by pressing a submit, send, or search button 142 on courses School the form in a HTML application). This results in the employer's client machine 138 providing a search request to the server 12 and initiating a search of the clc transcript University Washington summary information in the database 16. As was the case with the applicant's form 30, the form 136 also includes a clear button 144, in an HTML application, using which the employer can clear the form 136 and start over. The search parameters are defined by how to write an intro for an essay, the filled search form 136 The filled search form 136 indicates which fields 31 are to be searched for which keywords. For example, based on which fields 31 are filled with which keywords, a search query can be constructed which takes the logical OR of each word contained in American University, a field, and how to write which takes the logical AND of American University Washington, each of the fields 31.
Other logical and weighted combinations are possible. Courses Shawnigan Lake School? In one embodiment, if an employer fills in US in the citizenship field, and fills in Engineer, Scientist in American University, the job title field, a search query can be constructed requiring that qualifying applicants be U.S. citizens AND be engineers OR scientists. Alternative appropriate systems for write paper Tilton creating search queries can also be employed. For example, different fields 31 can be assigned different importance weights. It may be more critical to clc transcript University Washington have a close match in how to write to essay, the city field in clc transcript, the Personal Information section than to have a close match in write law essay, the compensation field. In one embodiment, employers are able to American Washington indicate logical connectors between keywords, such as engineer NOT chemical (e.g., if an employer is looking for any type of engineer other than a chemical engineer) In a preferred embodiment, the employer can use natural English (without logical connectors), and the server 12 creates an appropriate search query. Upon completing the search, the server 12 communicates to the employer's client machine an amount of the summary information for entries that satisfy the search parameters (search query). Preferably, contact information (e.g., name, address, phone number, e-mail, fax number, etc.) of qualifying applicants is suppressed at this stage, In one embodiment, the information presented to the employer for each entry that satisfies the search parameters is summarized information, for easy and quick review in a standardized, compact, format. An example of summarized information is shown in FIG. Goldsmiths University Of London? 5. Relevancy ranking is performed in University Washington, a preferred embodiment.
The relevancy ranking identifies entries in the database 16 which, while perhaps not perfectly matching the criteria specified in write a research essay School, the search form 136, are substantially similar enough to be of clc transcript American University Washington, potential interest to the employer. Relevancy ranking can be performed in a manner such as performed by: CPL Retrieval Engine, sold by Personal Library Systems, 2400 Research Blvd., Suite 350, Rockville, Md. 20850; NexTrieve Indexing Engine from Nexial Systems, St. Annastraat 4, 6109 RH, Ohe en Laak, The Netherlands; MetaMorph Text Retrieval Engine sold by Thunderstone Software--EPI Inc., 11115 Edgewater Drive, Cleveland, Ohio 44102; InTEXT Retrieval Engine, sold by InTEXT Systems, 715 Sutter Street, Folsom, Calif. 95630; or Fast Data Finder, sold by Paracel Inc., 80 South Lake Avenue, Suite 650, Pasadena, Calif. 91101, or any other appropriate manner. Summarized information (as shown in FIG. 5) is provided for the best matches to how to write a contract law essay Newcastle the search request, after taking into account the relevancy ranking described above The maximum number of matches supplied to clc transcript University the employer's client machine can be set to any appropriate number by either the administrator of the article writing courses Shawnigan Lake School system 10, or the employer performing the search. Clc Transcript American? In one embodiment, the employer can request summarized information for additional, less relevant, entries than those initially presented. The server 12 then queries the employer's client machine as to whether to present graphics files 126 of resumes associated with the entries that satisfy the how to law essay search parameters.
The server does not present the clc transcript University graphics files 126 of the resumes or the contact information for how to write entries that satisfy the search parameters until payment is made or authorized by clc transcript, the employer. The employer may establish an article writing courses Lake account, and provide billing information (such as by providing a credit card number) to clc transcript University the administrator of the system 10 at one time, and will then be able to subsequently log in using a password, and order contact information and graphics files without having to again transmit a credit card. In this manner, the employer can connect once using a telephone connection or secure connection, transmit the billing information, and subsequently use an insecure connection. In a preferred embodiment, no password is required of employers unless they choose to set up an account as described above. In this preferred embodiment, they can search without establishing an account, but can only obtain contact information and graphics files if they provide billing information such as a credit card. Means other than passwords can be employed to establish secure access to the server 12. For example, the employer can transmit to a specific IP (Internet Protocol) address, or can initiate a dialup connected to a specific telephone number and transmit billing information for that session without setting up a password. The server 12 is capable of storing employer's search requests, and Tilton periodically later repeating the American search (update searching). Thus, additional entries matching the search parameters can be located in the event the database has been modified and contains new entries that satisfy the search parameters. If the employer desires the ability to store search requests and perform update searches, he or she will be required by the server 12 to obtain a user name and password, so the employer can be identified by the server in write essay School, a subsequent connection session.
The server 12 is also capable of clc transcript American, suspending execution of a search request upon receiving a suspend request from the employer's client machine, and of resuming the search at a later time upon Shawnigan School, receiving a resume request from the employer's client machine 138. American University? For example, the employer may view the summary information for a certain number of hits (entries that satisfy the search parameters) and guides Clifton College wish to take a break before more closely studying the results, or before looking at less relevant matches. Again, if the employer desires the ability to suspend and later resume search requests, he or she will be required by the server 12 to obtain a user name and password, so the clc transcript American University employer can be identified by the server 12 in a subsequent connection session. The server further comprises vocabulary assistance capability for assisting an applicant in filling form 30, or for assisting an employer in formulating a search request using form 136. Article Writing Courses School? The vocabulary assistance routine provides to the applicant's or employer's client machine alternative terminology which can be selected for filling the form 30 or the form 136. An example of vocabulary assistance is American University, illustrated in FIG. 6. If the applicant or employer requests vocabulary assistance while filling the job title field 72 (e.g., by pressing a vocabulary assistance button 146 or 148 while the cursor of the machine 26 or 138 is in field 72), alternative terms to those filled in the field will be presented (e.g., by presenting a menu, such as a pop-up menu, to the machine 26 or 138). The applicant or employer can then select alternative terminology from the menu, which will then be added in the field. Alternatively, instead of using the Clifton vocabulary assistance while initially filling the form 136, an employer may be dissatisfied with the clc transcript results of a search, and may then return to writing guides Clifton College the form 136 and clc transcript American Washington initiate vocabulary assistance on one or more of the fields.
The vocabulary assistance routine of the server 12 preferably learns related terms over article writing Lake, time. The vocabulary assistance routine can operate in a manner similar to American University spell check routines found in word processing programs. The server also sends reminders to applicants, after some time has passed, that they should update their summary information and how to write a contract law essay Newcastle University graphics files. This can be via e-mail, or any other desired manner. FIGS. Clc Transcript University Washington? 8A, 8B, 9-11, 12A, 12B, and 13 define a flow chart illustrating operation of a system according to one embodiment of the invention.
At step S1, a determination is made as to whether a client has connected to the system. If so, the write a contract system proceeds to American Washington step S2; if not, the system proceeds to step S7. At step S2, the writing Lake School server sends a main menu to the connected client, and requests a selection. Clc Transcript American Washington? After performing step S2, the system proceeds to step S3. At step S3, a determination is made as to whether the user selected to enter new applicant data. If so, the system proceeds to step S12; if not, the system proceeds to step S4. At step S4, a determination is a research essay paper School, made as to whether the user selected to update existing applicant data. If so, the system proceeds to step S25; if not, the system proceeds to step S5. At step S5, a determination is made as to whether the user selected to begin a new search of American, applicants. If so, the system proceeds to step S34; if not, the how to a how system proceeds to clc transcript step S6.
At step S6, a determination is made as to whether the how to law essay Newcastle University user selected to continue a previously suspended search of applicants. If so, the American Washington system proceeds to step S29; if not, the system proceeds to step S64. At step S7, a determination is made as to whether it is time for an applicant to update the how to an intro paragraph Colorado University information they have provided to the server, If so, the American Washington system proceeds to step S8; if not, the system proceeds to how to write paper School step S9. At step S8, the server notifies applicants that it is recommended that they update their resume information. After performing step S8, the system proceeds to step S9. At step S9, a determination is clc transcript University Washington, made as to essay Goldsmiths University of London whether it is time to continue suspended searches.
If so, the system proceeds to American step S10; if not, the system proceeds to step S11. At step S10, suspended searches are performed. After performing step S10, the system proceeds to step S11. At step S11, a determination is made as to whether the operator of the system has requested a system shutdown (for maintenance, or some other reason). If so, the system shuts down; if not, the system proceeds to essay writing meaning of London step S1.
At step S12, a new applicant identification number is assigned by the server, and the server sends to the client a request for clc transcript American University Washington a selection of how to write a how to essay Aiglon, a password After performing step S12, the system proceeds to step S13. At step S13, the system receives a response from the client. After performing step S13, the system proceeds to American University Washington step S14. At step S14, the server prepares an empty resume outline form. After performing step S14, the system proceeds to step S15. At step S15, the server sends the resume outline form to the connected client, and requests that the applicant fill out the form. After performing step S15, the system proceeds to step S16. At step S16, the server receives the how to a contract University response from the client.
After performing step S16, the system proceeds to step S17. At step S17, a determination is made as to whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S18; if not, the system proceeds to step S19. At step S18, the requested vocabulary assistance information is added to the resume outline form. An example of clc transcript University Washington, vocabulary assistance is shown in FIG. 6. Essay Writing Guides Clifton College? For example, if an applicant has listed cellular and clc transcript University Washington satellite in the job title field, and requests vocabulary assistance for the job title field, the server will generate a list of how to an intro paragraph State University, alternative terms such as development, firmware, software, and University Washington systems, and will transmit that list to the applicant's client machine, The client can then select any of the listed vocabulary assistance terms for addition to how to a research paper Tilton the job title field. American University? Vocabulary assistance is available for many of the essay Goldsmiths University of London fields on the outline form. After performing step S18, the system proceeds to step S15.
At step S19, the server stores the American Washington information filled in the resume outline form in the database After performing step S19, the system proceeds to step S20. At step S20, the server sends to the client a list of available resume image reception methods and requests that the how to write for an State applicant select a method. After performing step S20, the system proceeds to step S21. At step S21, the server receives the response from the client After performing step S21, the system proceeds to University Washington step S22. At step S22, the server prepares to receive the resume image from the client using the selected reception method.
After performing step S22, the courses Shawnigan Lake system proceeds to step S23. At step S23, the server receives the resume image. Clc Transcript University Washington? After performing step S23, the system proceeds to step S24. At step S24, the server stores the resume image in the database. After performing step S24, the system proceeds to step S2. At step S25, the Newcastle University system sends to the client a message requesting an applicant identification (user name) and password.
After performing step S25, the system proceeds to step S26. At step S26, the server receives and verifies the password and ID. After performing step S26, the system proceeds to step S27. At step S27, the server retrieves the clc transcript American University existing resume outline information from the database for this applicant. After performing step S27, the system proceeds to step S28. At step S28, the server fills the write Aiglon College empty resume outline form with the outline information retrieved from the database After performing step S28, the system proceeds to S15. At step S29, the clc transcript University Washington server sends to the client a message requesting a client ID (user name) and password. After performing step S29, the system proceeds to step S30. At step S30, the server receives and verifies the ID and password. After performing step S30, the system proceeds to step S31. At step S31, the server sends to the client a list of this client's suspended searches and requests that the client make a selection.
After performing step S31, the system proceeds to step S32. At step S32, the server receives the selection from the client. To Essay? After performing step S32, the American system proceeds to how to an intro for an essay State (INTO) step S33. At step S33, the server fills the Washington empty resume outline form with selected search criteria for the suspended search which was selected for execution. After performing step S33, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S34, the server prepares an essay writing Goldsmiths University empty resume outline form. After performing step S34, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S35, the server sends an outline form to the client and requests that the client return the form with desired search criteria. After performing step S35, the system proceeds to step S36.
At step S36, the server receives the response from the client After performing step S36, the clc transcript server proceeds to step S37. At step S37, a determination is made as to whether the client requested vocabulary assistance. If so, the system proceeds to step S45; if not, the paragraph for an University system proceeds to step S38. At step S38, a determination is made as to whether the client requested suspension of the American Washington search. If so, the system proceeds to step S46; if not, the system proceeds to step S39. At step S39, the server searches the database of existing resume outline information After performing step S39, the guides College system proceeds to step S40. At step S40, the server summarizes compliant resume outlines, sends the University summarized outlines to the client, and requests desired action.
For example, the desired action can be a request that the employer select whether to modify the search, or to view a entire (not summarized) outline satisfying the search parameters. After performing step S40, the system proceeds to step S41. At step S41, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S41, the system proceeds to step S42. At step S42, a determination is made as to whether the client chose to modify the search criteria.
If so, the system proceeds to step S35; if not, the system proceeds to how to Tilton School step S43. At step S43, a determination is clc transcript, made as to whether the client chose to write an intro Colorado State (INTO) view an entire outline. If so, the system proceeds to step S44; if not, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S44, the server sends to the client a list of available resume outline delivery methods, and request selection by the client. After performing step S44, the system proceeds to step S49. At step S45, requested vocabulary assistance is clc transcript American, added to the resume outline form.
After performing step S45, the system proceeds to step S35. At step S46, the server sends to the client a request for client ID (user name) and password. After performing step S46, the system proceeds to step S47. At step S47, the server receives and verifies the meaning Goldsmiths University of London client ID and password. After performing step S47, the system proceeds to step S48.
At step S48, the server stores the search criteria. Clc Transcript University Washington? After performing step S48, the system proceeds to step S2. At step S49, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S49, the system proceeds to step S50. At step S50, the server sends a complete resume outline to essay College the client.
By complete resume outline, what is clc transcript American, meant is non-summarized information, in a format such as is shown in FIG. 3, except with contact information suppressed. After performing step S50, the essay Clifton College system proceeds to American University step S51. At step S51, a determination is made as to whether the client chose to purchase the resume image associated with the resume outline that matched the search criteria. If so, the system proceeds to step S52; if not, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S52, the server sends to the client a message asking if the employer has an existing account, After performing step S52, the system proceeds to Aiglon step S53. At step S53, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S53, the system proceeds to step S54. At step S54, a determination is made as to whether the client indicated that employer does have an existing account. If so, the clc transcript American University Washington system proceeds to step S55; if not, the system proceeds to step S61. At step S55, the server sends to the client a request for account ID and password.
After performing step S55, the system proceeds to Clifton step S56. At step S56, the server receives and verifies the response. After performing step S56, the system proceeds to clc transcript American University step S57. At step S57, the server sends to the client a list of available resume image delivery methods, and requests selection of one of those methods. After performing step S57, the system proceeds to step S58. At step S58, the server receives the response from the client. After performing step S58, the system proceeds to step S59.
At step S59, the server retrieves the resume image from the database. Paper Tilton School? After performing step S59, the system proceeds to step S60. At step S60, the server delivers the resume image to the client via the method selected by the employer After performing step S60, the system proceeds to step S40. At step S61, the server sends to the client a request for a credit card or other billing information. After performing step S61, the system proceeds to step S62. At step S62, the server receives the response from the client.
After performing step S62, the clc transcript University system proceeds to step S63. At step S63, a determination is made as to whether the how to Tilton client's billing information can be confirmed by a bank or other appropriate financial institution. If so, the system proceeds to step S57; if not, the system proceeds to step S52. At step S64, a determination is made as to whether there has been inactivity for too long of American University, a time. If so, the system proceeds to step S65; if not, the system proceeds to step S2. At step S65, any searches that are in a how to essay Aiglon, progress are suspended, and the connection is terminated with respect to this client. In compliance with the statute, the invention has been described in language more or less specific as to structural and clc transcript University Washington methodical features.
It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not limited to the specific features shown and how to write a contract Newcastle described, since the American means herein disclosed comprise preferred forms of putting the invention into effect. The invention is, therefore, claimed in any of a research School, its forms or modifications within the proper scope of the American University Washington appended claims appropriately interpreted in accordance with the doctrine of equivalents.
Pay for Essay and Get the Best Paper You Need -
God's Own Party: The Making of the Christian Right
Tips for the Resume and Application for that Safety Job. Tips for the Resume and Application for that Safety Job. The author has received tertiary training in American Human Resource Management and training in the “Targeted Selection” method of employment interviewing. He has conducted a number of write an intro State (INTO) employment interviews and attended a number. Recruitment selection uses “ Past behaviour predicts future behaviour ” The idea is to clc transcript American Washington give plenty of examples of essay writing where in the past you have successfully done the sort of things that you will be required to do in the new job . Say what you did, how you did it and what were the results. When you see a job advertised analyse the ad to identify the required competencies and write down a dot point list. In your response talk about clc transcript University Washington, your experience with those competencies, preferably with concrete examples. Even if not specifically asked for, always include something on your communications and write an intro paragraph State University interpersonal skills and your ability to work in a team. Selection criteria for government jobs ask you to respond to typically 5 to 6 selection criteria with various competencies in different ways-Maximum of 2 pages in total, Half to one page per selection criteria, Maximum of 2 pages per selection criteria. Some of the competencies asked for clc transcript University may include – Academic or other required qualifications (Have certified copies with you) / Change management.
Adheres to continuous improvement philosophy / Liaison with external bodies. Achieving excellence in how to write a contract law essay Newcastle ? / Leadership / Strategic thinking. Workplace Health Safety / Knowledge and application of legislation. Advice to management / Auditing / Ability to work independently. Investigating / Negotiating / Project management / Training. Undertaking research / Customer service / Equity / Technical skills relevant to the job. Written communications skills / Oral communications skills / Computer skills. Interpersonal skills, very important, probably the most important of the lot. Flexibility / Responsible attitude / Seeks to clc transcript University review and improve processes. Establishes effective relationships / Willingness to commit / Managed staff. Built effective teams / Quality management.
The first thing you have to how to paper Tilton do is identify your skills relevant to the type of employment you desire. Clc Transcript American University? Those skills must be conveyed to potential employers, do not be aggressive or arrogant, equally do not be timid and reticent. Give specific numbers and figures for writing Goldsmiths your achievements. Show results. Always have a couple of copies of your resume in your briefcase when you go to interviews, sometimes employers lose your resume. Insert your personal details and contact information. Put in your career objective, do not be too specific or you will limit your chances of getting the job that does not fit the bill exactly. Make the clc transcript University Washington reader say “Wow” in the first third of the page. If you think it is appropriate put in an overview of your employment highlighting your major strengths and major achievements. Briefly list the jobs you have had, if there are gaps in employment use years instead of months and / or say what you did to improve your skills when you were not working.
List your qualifications / affiliations. Do not forget if you are President / Secretary / Treasurer / Coach of the local football club or a Scout leader that gives your potential employer a lot of useful information about you. List your skills-These may be technical skills relevant to a how to essay Aiglon College the sort of jobs you want to apply for, written communications skills, oral communications skills, computer skills, leadership skills, put a lot of clc transcript American work into an intro Colorado University (INTO), describing your interpersonal skills as employers see this as very important. Think about the clc transcript University things you have done in previous jobs and put them down on article Lake School, paper as a guide. List all the clc transcript American University Washington jobs you have had in the last 10 years describing in some detail what you did and write to essay College very importantly what your achievements were.
If you are just starting out in employment list your achievements from clc transcript, school, part-time work (Amazing how good a job at McDonalds looks if you work on it), volunteer work, other organisations you are associated with. Carefully analyse the write an intro Colorado State requirements of any position you apply for clc transcript and tailor your resume to writing Shawnigan School this. Only a small percentage of jobs get advertised, you need to network widely to clc transcript Washington find the hidden jobs. As a general rule I would keep the resume to 3 or 4 pages for people who have been in the workforce for a number of courses Lake years, do not make the job of reading it too hard for the potential employer. Very important-Get someone to proof read what you have written. A lot of interviewers sit there dead-pan and uncommunicative, often this is because they are new to the process and American Washington very uptight about it, do not let this throw you off, just relax and be yourself. An important tip for how to essay paper Tilton interviews is to project an image that you are highly interested in the job and that you are generally high energy in University Washington your approach. The following questions are often asked in interviews in the private sector.
“What was it about the essay writing Clifton job ad that attracted you to clc transcript American University Washington apply?” Pretty hard to respond if you have thrown the ad away or do not have an Goldsmiths University, electronic copy. Sometimes the clc transcript American Washington person who wrote the job ad will be the person asking the question so a bit of stroking is appropriate. How To A Research Paper? You can talk about things like a good match for your skills, opportunity to learn more about X, an industry you have experience in, an opportunity to apply solid skills learnt in clc transcript American another industry to a new industry, opportunity to bring skills learnt in a high performing company to the new company, opportunity for write a research paper Tilton School a bit of travel if that is your thing, opportunity for clc transcript lots of courses Lake School people interaction and clc transcript American so on. “What do you know about our company? ” If you have not looked up the company web-site if they have one or otherwise researched the company you are going to article writing courses Shawnigan Lake look like a bit of a dill at this point in time. Always refresh your memory of company details just before going to University interview. Looking up the company web-site and noting the presence or absence of detail about your speciality may assist in your application and how to a contract law essay Newcastle University interview.
“Why have you applied for clc transcript this position? / What interests you about this position?” You might be tempted to essay writing guides say you need a job to University Washington pay the writing guides Clifton bills but this may not necessarily be the best response. You should have got as much information about the job as you could. I would talk about having similar experience in a similar job in a similar industry or how experience in American Washington similar roles would add value to the position with them. You could also talk about the write a research paper Tilton new things you are keen to clc transcript American learn. Some organisations are going through change processes and how to an intro essay Colorado State University (INTO) you could mention this is an exciting process for you or how you found working at Y with similar change processes very interesting and learnt a lot. Probably does not hurt to mention the job is close to home if appropriate. Saying how much you believe in the work the organisation does may be appropriate in some circumstances and will give a warm fuzzy feeling to the interviewers.(Most of the jobs with not for profit organisations do not pay highly but give tremendous job satisfaction) This question looks like it is about you but they are still assessing how employing you will add value to their business.
“Where do you want to be in 5 years time?” Be careful with this one. You want to demonstrate you are keen to learn, am ambitious and want to progress in clc transcript American your chosen field but if you are over ambitious to law essay Newcastle University the extent that your ambitions are not achievable with that employer and the employer knows you are not a really long-term prospect you may not get the job. “Tell me about Washington, your ideal job” Much the same caution as the question above. “What makes for article courses Lake an ideal supervisor for you?” The most dangerous question of the lot! Impossible to predict as the personality of your potential supervisor can vary so much. I always say general things like sets high standards for themselves and me, is thorough, has good communications skills, has good interpersonal skills and a sense of humour is a bonus. University Washington? Getting into the specifics too much may reveal a clash of personalities.
“Tell me about a research paper Tilton School, yourself”. “Why are you the best person for this job?” /”Why should we give you this job?” “What are your strengths?” “What are your weaknesses?” Hint, mention a relatively minor weakness and say you have realised it is American Washington a weakness and say what you are doing to overcome the weakness. “Describe your leadership style” Hint, good to talk about empowering people, involvement, communicating face to face etc. “How would your friends describe you?” Conservative if not obvious another approach is required, think about what is a good answer from the employers perspective. “How would your boss describe you?” Conservative if not obvious another approach required. Writing Meaning Goldsmiths? Think about what is a good answer from the clc transcript American University Washington employers perspective. “Describe what good communications means to you” “What motivates you?” “Why did you choose to write an intro paragraph Colorado State (INTO) start working in Washington x field?”
“What is your most significant achievement in x field?” “ Please give me an example of where you have gone the extra mile for a customer” “ Please give me an essay, example of how you prepare for a training session” “Please give me an example of Washington how you went about x” “Can you describe your experience with regard to the development and how to write essay Tilton review of X management system?” “How did you contribute to accomplishing a team goal?” “Describe how you found it difficult to build an effective working relationship with a customer / colleague?” “Tell me what you have done to help a peer / team member to understand what knowledge / skills area to strengthen?” “Provide an example of X documentation you have developed?” “Tell us about a time when you faced conflicting priorities?” “Describe the most difficult conflict you have been involved in or the toughest group you have had to Washington work with?”
“Describe a time when you had to help a group of Goldsmiths University of London employees understand why a specific change process was necessary?” Government jobs usually stick to questions based on the selection criteria. Generally I would go to the interview with 2 examples of how I had successfully implemented the things in clc transcript University each of the selection criteria. Towards the essay Goldsmiths end of the interview ask the time frame for making a decision and appointment. Ask when feedback from the clc transcript American University interview will be available. Always ask for feedback, you will often not agree with it but it gives you an idea of how others perceive you. The difficult area of money is often left to the last. Essay Goldsmiths University Of London? The big organisations know if you pay peanuts you get monkeys. Really depends on how badly you need a job.
Know the salary range for your job and place yourself so you do not undersell yourself but still have a reasonable chance of getting the job. The difficulty is that if you ask for too little employers may not take you seriously and if you ask for American University too much you will be too expensive. Some of the recruitment companies publish salary surveys, often they give conflicting results, best to do some networking with your peers. Prior to an important job interview you should have a mock interview with friends. It is write to essay College a good idea to clc transcript University Washington think about article writing courses Lake School, what some of the questions you are likely to be asked are and clc transcript Washington have a prepared answer in your head. Be prepared for many interviews before you get a job nowadays, particularly if you are a mature or inexperienced applicant. Towards the end of the interview you may be asked if you have any questions, have some prepared questions and do not take this lightly as it is an important part of the interview. Some examples follow- What are the essay Tilton School key responsibilities of the position? (Position description if not already received). What are the Washington main priorities for the position in how to a research paper Tilton School the first 6 months?
What are the supervisor’s expectations of the incumbent? What are the main impediments to success the role? 5 What learning and development would occur for the incumbent? . 6 What are the 3 main attributes you are seeking in X workers? 7 If you feel the climate is clc transcript American University right you could ask why the previous person left. 8 You may wish to ask what unfinished projects there are from the person who left. 9 Can you tell me about a typical week for the person in essay Clifton College this position?
Always a good idea to Washington ring the contact person about the job beforehand, this may help you tailor your application to the requirements of the job. Arrive in plenty of time to get yourself organised. Leave home in time to allow for a flat tyre or the bus being late. Always make an effort to article courses Lake appear clean smart. Generally try to dress at American Washington a level slightly higher than the level you think the interviewers will be dressed at. You will find a number of meaning University of London recruitment consultants and other interviewers will have an exaggerated sense of American University their own importance and write Aiglon College ability. If you smoke lay off the fags at least 30 minutes before the interview and / or use a breath freshener. If it is a no smoking site they may wonder how you will survive all day without a smoke. It is a really good idea not to turn up for interview drunk (saw it happen once) or otherwise smelling of grog. Some interviewers, particularly women, have an acute sense of smell.
Speak professionally, do not swear or use slang. Listen carefully to American the questions being asked and make sure your replies do not go off on tangents. If possible try to bring along a number of good examples of your previous work. After the interview sit down and try to identify what went well and what opportunities for write a how Aiglon College improvement were presented. You may find it useful to write this down and review it prior to the next interview.
There are rare occasions when you turn up for interview and the interviewer has forgotten about the interview and is busy doing something else. Always ask for confirmation of verbal arrangements with a letter or e-mail. There will be times the interview does not “click” as far as communications and interpersonal issues go, there could be lots of reasons for this that have nothing to do with your abilities. Ring the interviewer after the interview, thank them for the interview and re-confirm your interest in clc transcript American the position. Do not be surprised if the job advertisement, recruitment consultant and employer make the job out to be better than it really is, there is a vested interest in attracting as many people as possible to article writing courses Shawnigan Lake School apply. The suggested question about what are the priorities for the job for the first 6 months helps to get a handle on American, what the job is how to a how Aiglon really about and what the employer is thinking is required. Some jobs may have a junior person the interviewers know trying to step up to a more senior role or someone who has been acting in the role temporarily, the reality is these people are particularly hard to beat. Employers sometimes like to go with the American known persons. Write A How College? A number of organisations believe in promoting from clc transcript American University, within, great if you work for them, not so good if you are an external applicant.
For a public service job ask if there is someone acting in the role when you ring the contact person for details. Essay Meaning Goldsmiths? You know what you are up against then and clc transcript American Washington are prepared to be disappointed. Be certain your referees will give you a good reference, there ways of going about this that I will not put to paper. Always a good idea to write ring your referee beforehand and let them know you are going for X job and clc transcript American University what it involves. The best referees to writing Shawnigan Lake School use are your previous supervisors or managers. A lot of organisations do not take much notice of personal references. Employers know people will rarely put something bad on a written reference and will usually ring the referee. Get specific instructions on how to clc transcript find the place where the interview will be conducted, advice on essay writing meaning Goldsmiths of London, parking may be appropriate. Try to clc transcript American University Washington find out the names and positions of write paragraph for an Colorado State (INTO) those who will interview you, helps you to pitch your responses at the right level.
If you are going for a job at American University a higher level, but especially a lower level than you have traditionally worked at have some good reasons why to trot out. A security blanket for many employers is experience in their industry. If you do not have experience in how to an intro for an University (INTO) their industry put a bit of work showing how experience in your industry is clc transcript University relevant to theirs. A small number of employers will realise that no experience in write a how Aiglon their industry will bring a new set of eyes and approach to clc transcript American University Washington their problems. Some jobs will want to confirm your right to work in Australia and have a Police check conducted, bring along your drivers licence, preferably your pass-port if you have one, your Medicare card and essay Goldsmiths your bank details. A lot of the bigger companies ask for a pre-employment medical these days, they may have a particular organisation they will send them to. A lot of organisations see workplace health safety as very important these days. A few examples of how you have gone the extra mile in safety will not go astray. Getting lots of knock-backs at American job interviews can be very demoralising, you have to how to Aiglon stay positive, learn from clc transcript American University Washington, your experiences and try to do better next time. There will be times when friends and relations of the interviewers get the job even though you are much better qualified, there is writing University of London nothing you can do about that.
It is a fallacy that the best person for the job will always get the job, do not be too disappointed if you do not land that job, it is not necessarily a reflection on your ability. The person who will make or break a job for you will be your supervisor. He or she will probably be an interviewer, make sure you are happy with their communications and clc transcript American University interpersonal skills. One job I had, employees at my level always referred to the boss as “Pothole”, this was because he was always getting in the road. A lot of employers realise that an interview, in how to write a how College isolation, may not give a good result and will ask you for a demonstration of your skills-A welder may have to do a weld test, a safety officer may have to clc transcript do a safety inspection, a training officer may have to courses Shawnigan Lake present a small training session, a word processing person may have to demonstrate their skills on a computer and American so on.
For a management position you may have to write essay School complete a psychological appraisal. Some employers will be disorganised at interview, you have to ask yourself if this is American Washington a reflection of how to write to essay College how they generally do business. You should arrive at the interview all keen and prepared, do not be surprised if some employers are not keen or prepared. When you put in clc transcript all the essay guides College hard work you have to do to be prepared for an interview it will be a real downer if the clc transcript American employer is not equally prepared. Employers will be impressed by enthusiasm, you cannot possibly know everything they will want you to know but if you demonstrate a keenness to writing Shawnigan Lake School learn that is a lot of the battle. Sometimes when you get feedback you will wonder why interviewers came to a particular conclusion, often it is because they did not ask the right questions. American University? Sometimes interviewers ask broad general questions expecting specific responses, the fact that you cannot read their minds is not your fault.
Good employment interviewing requires detailed preparation by the interviewers. Whilst it has never been true for me in interviews I have conducted, some people say the decision to write paragraph for an Colorado State (INTO) hire or reject depends to a large extent on the impression you make in the first 5 minutes of the interview, so come along prepared for this. Sometimes you will walk away from an interview thinking that went great and later you get a call that you missed out, sometimes you will walk away from an interview thinking that was lousy and later you get the University job. Impossible to predict until you get the call, so do not be despondent after the interview. Sometimes you will be asked questions that appear really dumb to you, the important thing is they are important in the potential employer’s mind. Rightly or wrongly membership and activity in a trade union will not always be seen in a positive light by some employers. Whilst it is against the law the reality is some employers will have gender, ethnicity, religious and age biases. You should read up on resumes and how to write an intro essay Colorado (INTO) interviews, lots of clc transcript Washington stuff on the internet, alternately get a few books out how to a how Aiglon, of the clc transcript University library. Seek.com.au has some good advice for a contract law essay University job seekers, You should be highly prepared for your interview, the other blokes you are competing with will be. Do not rubbish former employers.
Relax and smile, try to project an American University Washington, image as a dedicated, high energy professional. Like many things in life getting a job follows the a research Tilton School 5 P rule (Prior Preparation Prevents Poor Performance) Despite E.E.O. and anti-discrimination legislation there will be jobs that are hard to Washington get if you are female and if you are male. Discrimination because of age, too young or too old is real. Whilst I am hopeful it is decreasing I still suspect some employers will discriminate against indigenous people. If you are a young male it is best if your hair is short, dress conservatively and please get rid of earrings, studs and other metal on your head. If you have tattoos on courses Shawnigan, your arms, wear a long sleeved shirt. University? Much the same advice applies to females but not the short hair bit. Not too much make-up, not too short a skirt, not too low-cut top. Write A Research School? After one interview I helped with, a fellow interviewer said about an interviewee “He had enough metal in his head to make a Commodore” Needless to say this person did not get the job. Bright coloured streaks in your hair do not always go over well with older interviewers.
If you notice a particular job being advertised in a particular company regularly be wary. While it is not advertised for E.E.O. and anti-discrimination reasons there may be hidden criteria for University jobs in article writing courses Shawnigan School particular industries or companies. It pays to ask a few questions before you go to University Washington the effort of putting in an application. You may feel you do not meet all the selection criteria for a job and hesitate to apply. Remember the documentation from the employer describes the perfect applicant, often they are going on a shopping expedition realising full well the perfect applicant does not exist. Besides while you may only have a small chance of landing the job if you apply, you will have no chance if you do not apply. Depending on what type of job you are after there may be some value in essay Clifton talking to a few recruitment consultants about clc transcript American University, what they look for in resumes and interviews, my bet is they will tell you they have a strong focus on interpersonal skills.
The issue of how much to put in your resume is a vexed one. Generally the more senior and skilled the job the more detailed your resume should be. Be conscious if it is too long and consequently too much like hard work to read you will turn the reader off. The big recruitment companies often use word recognition software to how to write to essay Aiglon College scan your resume and put the information in their standard format. Washington? You need to review the job advertisement and how to write paper Tilton position description if you can get them and ensure you resume covers the clc transcript American skills listed if you have them.
Rightly or wrongly we live in a world where recognised qualifications or “pieces of how to write Aiglon College paper” are becoming increasingly important. The time, effort and money you spend on clc transcript American Washington, obtaining qualifications may give you the essay guides edge over American Washington, other job applicants. For some jobs, usually the more senior ones, up to 3 interviews will be required, this is a real pain in the neck, particularly if you have to make up some innovative reasons to your boss about why you will be absent from work. For the initial, screening interview I usually try to convince the interviewer to give me a telephone interview instead of me dragging myself all the way over to the interviewer’s office. I have frequently gone to an intro essay University (INTO) a face-to-face interview with recruitment consultants only to find I am not suited to the job, I have thus wasted a lot of time, effort, petrol and clc transcript Washington parking fees. Once I have convinced myself the job is how to a contract law essay Newcastle worth following up on I will commit to face-to-face interviews.
If you are going for a professional position, membership, or even better, advanced standing in clc transcript American University professional associations is looked on favourably by some employers. Once you have the interview it is writing guides Clifton College always a good idea to ring and thank them for the interview, confirms your interest in the job, allows clarification of things unsure about and gives you a chance to expand on things you forgot to say at the interview. On some occasions the recruitment process may take months, you could easily get a call out of the clc transcript Washington blue requesting you come to essay writing guides Clifton interview for a position you have long forgotten about and written off. My advice is to hang onto the ads for 3 months. Some employers, particularly those with Quality management systems are into continuous improvement philosophies, not a bad idea to weave some comment on American University Washington, this into your responses.
A good general rule in write Aiglon life and clc transcript particularly with job interviews is to avoid discussion on courses Lake, sex, religion and politics. If you do not know your audience discussion on these topics can be disastrous. Sometimes people will say something controversial to see how you react. It is good to American University project an image that you embrace change but you do not want to come across as a stirrer if you are not sure that driving change is write essay paper Tilton School what the employer wants in American the position. When I was a young bloke my Father said to me “If you are going to courses Lake School be a bulldust artist you have to American have an how to for an essay, exceptional memory and be very good at it, otherwise you will get found out.” Lying is University not a good idea and while I have never done this myself , some people say there is not much harm in taking something that was relatively small and making it appear much bigger. Make no bones about it, job interviews are about impression management. When I am talking about interpersonal skills I tell interviewers I use reflective listening and appropriate self-disclosure. How To Write A Research Essay Paper? Look these up on the internet and practice them, can make a big difference to clc transcript American University Washington your life. Employers value succinct written communications and generally, approaches to writing of London work that are not overly complex. Employers also value “ real world” solutions not theory.
A commitment to personal training and development will impress some employers for some jobs. You need to be able to talk about Washington, what you have done to improve your skills and what further training you think is appropriate. I know it sounds trite but saying you are looking for a job that gives you a chance to make a difference is appropriate for Aiglon College some jobs. Sometimes you will be asked to demonstrate your time management skills, look this up on University, the internet. Remember that you are often only how to write a research essay paper School as good as your previous employers say you were, do not burn your bridges no matter how dissatisfied you are with a previous employer. I had one employer I was very dissatisfied with and tempted to give them a blast when I left. Whilst it would have felt great at the time I resisted the temptation to do this. Clc Transcript Washington? They ended up asking me back for a senior role that paid higher than my original position and article Shawnigan Lake I had the chance to address some of the issues that had previously annoyed me.
Some jobs will want you to clc transcript American University push the boundaries, challenge the status quo, question accepted practice etc. If your enquiries do not reveal this is the case it is article Lake probably best to project an image of clc transcript American University conservatism. Being right is not always perceived as being as important as getting on with people. Essay Writing College? Often it is the relationships you build, not your technical expertise that determines success. If asked about leadership I say I believe the number 1 job of a leader is to transmit and embed high value standards. I also say a leader has to be beyond reproach in everything he does and give Mathew Johns and Bill Clinton as examples of leaders who got it wrong. For male interviewees beware of the female interviewers with the clc transcript low cut dress, this could be a test! Be wary of the interviewers who appear over-friendly or appear to be flirting with you, they are probably messing with you to see how you react.
It does not hurt to ring a week after the applications close or a week and a half after the paragraph essay (INTO) job was advertised to enquire about where the process is at. Clc Transcript University? This confirms that your application was received and write an intro paragraph for an State University puts your application and the fact you are definitely interested uppermost in American Washington the reviewers mind. Do not ring so often after that, that you are a nuisance. Seek.com.au and Smart jobs.qld.gov.au (for Qld government jobs) are probably the how to write a research paper best sources of clc transcript American University Washington jobs. Byron.com.au occasionally has jobs that do not make it onto Seek. Logo is writing University a source of local government jobs. If you are applying for a lot of jobs it pays to clc transcript have an excel spreadsheet with the write paragraph essay Colorado (INTO) company name, position title, location, date advertised, date closes, date first interview, date second interview etc. I have said this before but I will say it again as it is very important, demonstrate your interpersonal skills! Remember that the interview is as much about you interviewing them, as them interviewing you. They have to be happy with a decision to employ you, equally you have to be happy with them as an University Washington, employer. As an interviewer you find it relatively easy to screen for experience and training, what is difficult and very important to screen for is “Fit” with the organisation as far as “Fit” is concerned I have never been able to figure out good advice other than to avoid being seen as extreme.(unless of course you know this is required in the job)
Best advice is to get a few books on this topic, there are books specifically on writing selection criteria for Aiglon College government jobs, look at the careers advice section on Seek and similar web-sites, talk to a few recruitment consultants about what they see as important and talk to a few Human Resource Managers about clc transcript American Washington, what they see as important. Not everybody will be prepared to help but some people see being asked for how to write a contract law essay Newcastle University their opinion as very flattering and clc transcript Washington will pull out all stops for you. The fact that you have put in write an intro paragraph University (INTO) this work to be prepared will boost your confidence when you go to American Washington interview. Be careful of over-selling yourself. I hesitate to mention this because I know you will groan say it sounds like a hell of a lot of work. The good books say you must tailor your resume to each job you apply for. Good job ads will specify what qualities the employer is looking for in applicants, in other words the selection criteria. With detailed selection criteria you should prepare a covering letter or response to selection criteria and say, with examples from your past work, how you meet the criteria.
In these circumstances you may be able to get by with a generalised resume(still pays to go through the resume and essay writing Clifton make sure it meets the general criteria) Writing responses to selection criteria, particularly for government jobs is an art in American Washington itself, there are books about how to do it. Depending on how good you are at writing it may pay you to go to a writing professional. You may baulk at the cost but be aware what you have had written may well be useful for write a how to essay Aiglon College a number of later jobs in University your speciality. Writing Courses Shawnigan Lake School? Most jobs will want to know about your time management, written and oral communication and interpersonal skills. Many jobs will want a response about clc transcript American Washington, your leadership, team management and training skills. Some of these professional writers can make pig poo look like strawberry jam, provided what is how to write paragraph (INTO) said is essentially true and American University will stand up to questioning, they can create a very good impression that will give you the edge you need. HANG IN THERE-THAT GOOD JOB WILL COME. Latest posts by George Robotham (see all) George’s Christmas Safety Message - November 30, 2016 FREE ebook – Guidance for the beginning OHS professional - November 12, 2016 Safety Myths and Misconceptions - July 27, 2016 Making Sense of Risk and Safety–Interview with George Robotham - May 29, 2016 Winning The Hearts And Minds Of Workers In Relation To Safety - July 15, 2015.
Start date: November 1, 2017. End date: November 2, 2017. Never miss a post - Subscribe via Email. No Evidence for the Religion of Zero. No Evidence for the Religion of Zero Vision Zero or Zero Vision? Religious studies demonstrate that in our post-science/post-text world the write Aiglon secular is becoming more religious and the religious is American Washington becoming more secular (Ostwalt, 2012, Secular Steeples, Popular Culture and the Religious Imagination Bloomsbury, London also https://aeon.co/amp/ideas/why-religion-is-not-going-away-and-science-will-not-destroy-it).
There is no better evidence for this than  ‘Man Up’ Safety I read some debate today between a man and woman online about who was the write an intro essay Colorado University (INTO) toughest. The opening bait started with a journalist stating he was showing up to work with 3 broken ribs and somehow this was to be admired, he stated he was ‘manning up’. Then a female journalist replied  Safety Craziness This Month Some pretty crazy safety stuff has landed in my inbox so far this month. There is always a steady trickle, but for some reason, this month has been a little bit special.
These two were my favourites: Where Are the Safety Heroes? To quote the from this article from American University Washington, Safeopedia’s Newsletter:  Zero HarmThe Maintenance of essay writing Goldsmiths of London a Dangerous Idea. Zero Harm–The Maintenance of clc transcript American University a Dangerous Idea Rob Long and Gabrielle Carlton discuss the issues associated with zero harm language and its effects on organisational culture. This extended video tackles many of the questions and ideas put forward by proponents of zero language and ideology. Gab and Rob hope you find this discussion helpful. Rob  Don’t Dare Speak the ‘f’ Word The claim that Zero Vision ‘works’ has more in common with ‘faith healing’ (https://safetyrisk.net/safety-as-faith-healing-2/ ) than critical thinking. Article Courses Lake School? Dekker (2017, Zero Vision: enlightenment and new religion. Policy and Practice in Health and American University Safety, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14773996.2017.1314070) demonstrates this clearly and asserts that such ‘attributions’ are fundamentally religious and certainly have no  Safety Gives Me the a how to essay Aiglon College Right over Other Rights.
Safety Gives Me the Right over Other Rights I had a group of safety people in my office for some coaching. I turned the TV monitor on American University, the centre table so everyone could see the screen. I determined that the screen was in a safe position. As I started to chat to the group one 
Order Essay from Experienced Writers with Ease -
Graduate Transcript Guide | School of - American University
May 2009 Sat Essay Prompt 808685. This topic contains 0 replies, has 1 voice, and American was last updated by Anonymous 1 week ago. May 2009 Sat Essay Prompt. Write. SAT Essay Topics Ivy Global SAT Essay Prompts . American. A compilation of real SAT essay prompts administered historically by the College Board for different test periods. January 2013. March 2013. May 2013. June 2013.
2011-2012. October 2011 December 2009 . January New SAT Essay : Prompts and Samples_CrackSAT.net The new SAT essay is optional. New SAT Essay : Prompts and Samples Your essay will be an objective analysis of a speech or argument. New Real SAT Essay . Guides Clifton. SAT Essay May 2016 in clc transcript University Washington, Asia · SAT Essay May 2016 · SAT Essay March 2016 November 2008 · December 2008 · January 2009 · March 2009 · May 2009 . SAT Writing Crack SAT free SAT Writing practice tests andSAT Writing: free writing practice tests and essay writing skills. SAT writing practice tests contain SAT Essay Prompts Test Specifications for the Redesigned SAT All other products and writing Shawnigan services may be trademarks of clc transcript American University Washington, their respective owners. Essay Writing University. Visit the clc transcript American University Washington 190 Sample Questions : Additional Topics in essay guides Clifton, Math.
196 section v Our . Reading Test. Clc Transcript University Washington. The redesigned sat#039;s Writing and Language Test is a passage-based . from 2009 to 2013, a time when average sat scores have remained virtually SAT Practice Test #6 Essay | SAT Suite of Assessments – The the for an Colorado State University SAT Essay scoring rubric at Washington, sat.org/essay. Originally published July 2009 . Write Newcastle. “the one building in the world which may be assessed as absolutely right.”. Washington. SAT Practice Booklet The College Board Get ready for the SAT ® and SAT Subject Tests™ with official practice questions 2009 The College Board. .. Writing , which has multiple-choice questions and a written . The following kinds of questions may be asked about a passage:. Preparing For SAT Test (solutions, examples) Online Math Learning SAT Test Preparation Math practice questions , worked solutions, workbooks, study guides, useful The following are the essay writing guides SAT essay prompts or questions , ordered according to years, given by the May 2009 prompts · March 2009 prompts . Every SAT Essay Prompt Ever Released The College Panda 3 Jan 2014 May 2009 . Should we pay more attention to clc transcript University Washington, people who are older and more experienced than we are?
Should people let their feelings guide Can You Use Old Practice SATs to write law essay, Study for the New SAT ? 6 Apr 2016 While the old SAT had very few passage-based writing questions , the revised . For this reason, you may wish to clc transcript American University Washington, practice with ACT questions . SAT Preparation Booklet eKnowledge All other products and services may be trademarks of write a contract law essay Newcastle, their respective owners. American Washington. Visit the College . This booklet will answer your questions about the article writing Lake SAT . Reasoning The purpose of the essay is to demonstrate not only clc transcript how well you write, but. SAT Essay Prompts : The Complete List PrepScholar Blog. 6 Apr 2017 We#039;ve compiled every single SAT essay prompt for the new SAT in this only meaning of London essay prompts that have been released so far, you may want to American University Washington, Printable SAT Practice Tests PDFs: 16 FREE Official Tests 26 Apr 2017 Click here to find every free printable SAT test with answers available. the old 2400 format of the an intro paragraph for an Colorado State University SAT , with separate reading, math, and writing sections. All the other years are repeats of these tests, including 2011-12, 2010-11, 2009 -10, The point to American University Washington, taking practice tests isn#039;t just to do a lot of questions 2009 April | Rated Colleges 30 Apr 2009 If you don#039;t know why you need to a contract Newcastle University, take the clc transcript American University Washington SAT, this guide may provide . Past SAT Essay Prompts : While you won#039;t see any of these on writing courses Shawnigan Lake your SAT Question Types Magoosh 3 Jun 2013 On the clc transcript American New SAT , the Essay Section is optional but may be added to the exam for a small extra fee ($11.50).
All essay questions have the write an intro Colorado State same ACT vs. SAT Help Sheet! Liberty High School October 24, 2009 September 18, 2009 September 19 October 2, 2009 . December 12 June 12,2010 May 7, 2010 May8—21, 2010. J. 12% . Clc Transcript University. The test consists of one writing prompt that will define an how to a research essay School, issue and describe two points of view on SAT Subject Tests Wikipedia SAT Subject Tests are 20 multiple-choice standardized tests given by the College Board on The writing test was discontinued in January 2005. A student may take up to three SAT Subject Tests on any given date at a flat rate. if someone gets every question wrong on the Mathematics Level 2 test, he/she might receive a The Folly of the SAT Writing Section The Atlantic 11 Oct 2013 The AP exam#039;s document-based question reproduces about ten primary In all his criticism of the clc transcript American SAT essay , Coleman has expressed no concern . Actions may be a better indicator of where the write (INTO) crisis stands and what could come next.
As Elizabeth Fraterrigo notes in clc transcript University Washington, her 2009 book Playboy and the A Brief History of the SAT and How It Changes Peterson#039;s 19 Jul 2017 In 2009 , the SAT policies changed, though these changes did not While it may be more difficult to writing courses School, prepare for an unknown essay question , 12924 Preparing for the ACT 2009 -10 PowerScore.com 2009 / 2010. This booklet practice test questions , a practice essay with real-time may be obtained free of charge from Washington ACT Customer Services (68), P.O. Box. The Official SAT Study Guide Second Edition: The College Board Paperback: 997 pages; Publisher: College Board; 2 edition (July 21, 2009 ) . Article Writing Lake School. (there are also practice questions on American University Washington their website, but that#039;s an incomplete test, and a research while this may be true in life, historically SAT essays that do well follow a New SAT Practice Tests Now AvailableMore Than a Teacher 2 Jun 2015 no more tests 05.30.09  by University Washington, timlewisnm via Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0).jpg. Today the Section 2: Writing Language: 35 minutes, 44 questions.
22 Mar 2011 The first, from the November 2009 SAT , defines “popular culture#039;#039; broadly: given, or you may present a different point of view on Clifton College this question . The Ultimate Guide to Studying for the SAT ACT | MatchACollege On the ACT, the clc transcript American University Washington questions on essay guides Clifton all of the sections except the writing section will You may use a calculator during both the University SAT and ACT, so be sure to for an essay Colorado State University, use one A (Mostly) Brief History Of The SAT And ACT Tests Erik Jacobsen The essay tests, which require five days to complete, are curriculum-based A typical number series math question on the 1926 SAT asks the student to .. which represent your scores on ACT, may help you make decisions that will affect .. 2009 , Score Choice for clc transcript University Washington the SAT is returned, beginning with the March test date. SAT Facts and FAQs Erik Jacobsen 19 Sep 2015 The average SAT scores for how to the senior class years since the writing section For example, a particular math question may first appear on clc transcript the March (Same as Official SAT Practice Tests 2009 -10, 2011-12, and 2013-14. English / English SAT Prep, ACC BOE Approved May 2009 Prepares students for meaning Goldsmiths University the verbal and math sections of the SAT . Nine weeks will .. Practice in American University Washington, SAT prep questions ( writing section). In Which Month is the SAT Curve the writing meaning Goldsmiths Easiest? | Veritas Prep 12 Nov 2013 What if they all score perfect scores and ruin the clc transcript University Washington curve on the SAT ? 740, whereas the May 2009 test had more difficult questions so getting 2 In Praise of courses Lake, Folly: Writing the clc transcript Washington SAT Essay – Experts Corner | Applerouth 1 Jun 2009 If you answered yes to any of writing guides Clifton College, these questions , you are on your way Even the SAT essay follows a set of rules and American Washington guidelines that make I have personally taken the meaning “new” SAT six times between March 2005 and May 2009 . Examdude | Your free SAT , GRE exams resources Below are essay prompts from the most recent SAT administration in May 2015. Prompt 1 Think carefully about the issue presented in University Washington, the following excerpt and The SAT Essay : Overview (article) | Khan Academy An overview of the SAT Essay scoring and content.
If they don#039;t, you may still want to consider completing this section as it will showcase your If you are familiar with the Essay prompt ahead of time – and understand exactly what your task.
Write My Research Paper -
College Reading and Writing Readiness | College of Lake County
clear reasoning Marcia Davidson and Gary McKinney. Western Washington University. In 1997, the Washington State Legislature directed the Higher Education Coordinating Board (HEC Board) to implement a budget-based accountability system. From this directive, four assessment initiatives were developed. Two of these - writing and clc transcript University Washington, critical thinking - are familiar concepts to most educators. Write An Intro Essay State University? Two others - information technology literacy and quantitative reasoning - may be relatively new concepts, or at least relatively new terminologies. The May, 2000, Dialogue (Issue No. 6) presented an overview of American Washington, information technology literacy. In this issue, an overview of quantitative reasoning will be presented. Often, quantitative reasoning (QR) is assumed to be synonymous with mathematics, and, indeed, the two are inextricably linked.
Yet there are differences, one of which is that while mathematics is a contract law essay Newcastle primarily a discipline, QR is a skill, one with practical applications. A mathematician might take joy in abstraction, but the well-educated citizen can apply QR skills to daily contexts: for instance, understanding the power of compound interest or the uses and abuses of percentages; using fundamental statistical analysis to gauge the accuracy of a statistical study; or applying the clc transcript, principles of logic and rhetoric to real world arguments. Moreover, while mathematics is often exclusive, frequently with a language of how to write to essay, its own, QR is inclusive, its language plain and everyday. In our information-rich - some might say information-overloaded - society, QR skills are especially important. We may no longer need to perform quantitative calculations by hand, but we do need to interpret them and judge their accuracy.
Few people are trained to work with complex mathematical concepts, but all educated citizens should be able to understand mathematics well enough to develop informed opinions about quantitative concepts. To illustrate the point, here are some test questions taken from a freshman Quantitative Reasoning Study Packet at Wellesley College. Clc Transcript Washington? Answering them requires quantitative skills that most educators would agree all educated citizens should possess.1. Officials estimate that 320,000 Boston-area party-goers attended the write, 1995 Independence Day celebration on the banks of the Charles River. They also estimate that the party-goers left behind 40 tons of clc transcript University Washington, garbage.
Given that a ton equals 2,000 pounds, how many pounds of garbage did the average party-goer leave behind? One year ago, a person invested $6,000 in a certain stock. Today, the an intro for an State University (INTO), value of the clc transcript American University Washington, investment has risen to $7,200. If, instead, the essay paper, person had invested $15,000 one year ago instead of $6,000, what would the investment's value be today? (Assume that the investment would increase by the same proportion.) According to American University, the Cable News Network (CNN), the number of injured in-line skaters (or roller-bladers) was 184% larger in 1994 than it was in 1993. Did the number of injured skaters almost double, almost triple, or more than triple? WHY IS QUANTITATIVE REASONING IMPORTANT TO ASSESS? QR is write a contract University a state-mandated accountability measure.
While arguably not the most important reason to address QR as a component of a complete education, it is University Washington one of four state-mandated student learning outcomes. Essay? (As mentioned, writing, critical thinking, and information technological literacy are the others.) Western Washington University is leading the state effort in developing an assessment of student learning in quantitative reasoning. Clc Transcript University Washington? We will be developing a plan for assessing QR on our campus and will provide a progress report to the Higher Education Coordinating Board later this year. For most educators the essay meaning Goldsmiths, more important reason to assess QR is that in American University Washington order to become educated citizens students should graduate from college with some level of write a research paper School, competence in quantitative reasoning. For students in non-quantitative majors, the appropriate demand is that QR instruction act as a basic element of the 'liberal arts' curriculum; that it prepare graduates to function well as citizens in modern society. Many students do not learn sophisticated math skills, but all should be able to University Washington, use simple math tools to reason - to understand, interpret, critique, debunk, challenge, explicate, and article writing Shawnigan, draw conclusions. In short, college graduates should be able to evaluate the crush of quantitative data modern life throws at all literate citizens.2. WHAT SHOULD A BASIC COMPETENCY IN QR INCLUDE? According to the Mathematical Association of America (MAA)3 , the following quantitative literacy (or QR) requirements should be established for clc transcript American all students who receive a bachelor's degree: Interpret mathematical models such as formulas, graphs, table, and schematics, and draw inferences from them. Represent mathematical information symbolically, visually, numerically, and verbally. Use arithmetical, algebraic, geometric, and statistical methods to solve problems.
Estimate and check answers to mathematical problems in order to a research paper School, determine reasonableness, identify alternatives, and select optimal results. Recognize that mathematical and statistical methods have limits. Another example of what QR competency might look like is found in Wellesley College's Quantitative Reasoning Requirement. American University? At Wellesley, all freshmen are required to how to write a contract Newcastle University, take a QR placement test. Clc Transcript American University? If they don't meet minimum standards, they must enroll in QR 140, a course that brings them up to how to a contract Newcastle, competency. Once they have completed QR 140 (of if they have already passed the clc transcript, QR placement test) students must, at some point in their academic career, take a QR overlay course, designed to engage students in University of London the analysis and interpretation of data in a scientific or social context.4 The overlay course is intended to provide students with a basic understanding of important ways that numerical data are used in problem solving. Overlay courses are offered in the humanities, sciences, and social sciences.
They have five basic goals (note that these goals echo the Quantitative Literacy requirements established by the MAA). LITERACY: Topics and depth of coverage enough so that students have the knowledge they need to function in real-life situations involving quantitative data. AUTHENTICITY: Students use authentic numerical data whenever possible. The experience should arise naturally from the context of the course. APPLICABILITY: Examples should be adequate to convince students that the methods of Washington, analysis they learn are of general applicability and usefulness. UNDERSTANDING: It is important that student learning go beyond rote application.
They should be able to recognize when they can apply what they have learned in the future. PRACTICALITY: Breadth and depth of how to write law essay Newcastle, topics should be consistent with reasonable expectations of students when data analysis is only part of a course requirement. WHAT ABOUT A MINIMUM QR COMPETENCE AT COLLEGE ENTRANCE? Just as we already use test scores to establish the abilities of in-coming students - for example, from the SAT and Math Placement Test - we should be taking a measure of students' QR abilities. As mentioned earlier, the connection between mathematics and QR is close, yet also different - in all likelihood, different enough to warrant taking stock. An additional test, however, does not necessarily mean subjecting students to more tests; a slight remolding of the existing testing framework would also work. University Washington? Students anticipating they will major in science or mathematics could continue to take the Math Placement Test (MPT); students anticipating they will major in non-science or mathematics could take a Quantitative Reasoning Test (QRT). Alternatively, all students, other than those excepted under existing guidelines, could take a hybrid test that included elements of the existing MPT, plus additional QR-related questions. Regardless of the direction decided upon, new test questions - or possibly an how to paragraph State University entirely new test - would need to be developed.5 This logistical concern would need to be factored into clc transcript American University, any changes to the current system.
Most importantly, any revamped, or entirely brand-new tests would need to reflect the anticipated curricular changes. IMPACT OF A QR TEST ON CURRENT SYSTEM. Logistically, the idea of two tests - MPT and how to University, QRT - would create a fork: one leading to American University Washington, mathematics-intensive courses and/or majors, the writing meaning Goldsmiths University of London, other leading to less mathematics-intensive courses and majors. American University Washington? In circumstances where a student took the QRT, then later decided to major in science or mathematics, the article Shawnigan Lake School, departments affected could either accept the QRT results, or require the student to clc transcript Washington, take the MPT. Even if a second test were required, the amount of testing for how to a how Aiglon College such students would have, practically speaking, a minimum impact of current testing logistics. The idea of an integrated mathematics/QR test would not lead so obviously to a fork and has the clc transcript American Washington, rhetorical advantage of creating the sense of writing Clifton College, a more integrated curriculum, a sense that the University values equally science and humanities, mathematics and quantitative reasoning. Whichever test were developed and implemented, the clc transcript American University, next decision to make would be what to do with the how to law essay, scores - which would depend entirely on the changes in curricular policy that are adopted. American? If no curricular policy change is anticipated, then of course the whole question of even having a test is how to write a how Aiglon moot. If curricular changes are anticipated, then the clc transcript American Washington, issue of testing transfers arises, and has a very different impact. Currently, transfers take the how to essay paper, MPT only if they are going to enroll in a mathematics course at Western. Clc Transcript American University Washington? (Although transfers who have taken calculus are not tested.) Depending on how QR is eventually woven into Western's academic fabric, this practice might have to how to write, change.
If, for instance, courses with a strong QR component are developed and/or recognized, or if certain courses get infused with a stronger QR component, and these become required for graduation, transfers not anticipating taking a mathematics course at Western might be required to take the clc transcript American University Washington, QRT for the same reason they take the MPT: to find out if they are academically prepared for certain courses. If, however, QR is concurrently woven into how to write a how College, the curricular fabric in the community colleges, then assessing a transfer's QR competence might be addressed any number of ways, with the clc transcript American University Washington, QRT being only the most obvious. There could also be transcript reviews; articulation agreements could be reviewed and revised, etc. WHAT DO WE CURRENTLY KNOW ABOUT THE QUANTITATIVE REASONING SKILLS OF WWU STUDENTS? Currently, there is no quantitative reasoning general education requirement (GER) at WWU. Guides? Students are offered a variety of methods to satisfy their GER requirement in mathematics, and the Math Placement Test (MPT) is administered to most students to American University Washington, assist in placing them in appropriate courses, but there is no general quantitative reasoning test or course available. Thus, we have no data on the QR skills of our students. MEETING THE CHALLENGE: SOME MODELS FOR ASSESSING QUANTITATIVE REASONING SKILLS. As has been mentioned, some kind of QR education has been considered as an how to write School alternative GUR to the current math requirement.
In October, 2000, a group of faculty from the University, six public baccalaureate institutions met at a colloquy in how to essay Colorado State University Leavenworth, Washington, to discuss how to define and assess quantitative reasoning in higher education. Based on those discussions, but subjectively reinterpreted by the authors of this paper, three models for clc transcript the assessment of QR skills will be presented below. In the first, there is a rubric, but no QR pre-test; in the second, a QR pre-test is the model's centerpiece; and in the third, aspects of the first two are combined into how to write an intro for an essay Colorado State University (INTO), a hybrid. MODEL 1: This first model is based on a rubric that examines the QR content that already exists in the curriculum of major disciplines and/or departments. Each discipline and/or department would need to clc transcript University, be actively involved in essay writing meaning developing rubrics that worked within their area. University? As an example, faculty in the social sciences who were attending the colloquy described seven statistics-based research components that could be considered fairly generic in their area, and that would need to be included in any QR rubric applied to the social sciences. How To Write To Essay Aiglon? (It was also noted that not all social science courses contain these research components; nonetheless, the guiding principle of this model is that disciplines and/or departments are the clc transcript American University Washington, most appropriate base for QR assessment.) This model does not use a pre-test of writing Lake School, QR abilities or skills. It rather takes an inventory of QR skills and/or abilities that already exist within the curriculum, makes a vigorous public acknowledgement of the existence and importance of QR, and encourages the emphasis of QR in higher education.
It may or may not stipulate that a student must take one of the courses identified as having a strong QR component in clc transcript Washington order to satisfy graduation requirements. How To Write Essay School? The major pitfall of this model is it may not meet the clc transcript, legislative mandate for QR assessment. MODEL 2: This model borrows heavily from the Wellesley model described earlier in this paper. The heart of this model is a pre-test of QR skills, administered to all in-coming students, either as an addition or an essay meaning Goldsmiths University of London alternative to the MPT (math placement test). Students unable to meet the minimum standards of American Washington, QR competency, as based on the pre-test, would enroll in how to write a basic QR course. Those meeting the standards would be required to enroll in an overlay course in which QR concepts would be identified and evaluated in courses in the major disciplines. Students required to clc transcript, take the basic QR course would also be required to enroll in an overlay course as a stipulation to graduation. Write Essay Paper Tilton? As in MODEL 1, a discipline and/or department QR rubric would be vital in clc transcript American University Washington identifying appropriate overlay courses for students to take. When talking about how to write University, course logistics and the best use of resources, the idea of clc transcript University, using already existing courses as part of a QR requirement would be far superior to essay writing College, creating a slew of new ones.
MODEL 3: This model would not require a pre-test in QR, but would require all students to take a basic QR course in clc transcript addition, or as a supplement to the University's current mathematics stipulations. This model may or may not include the additional requirement of a QR overlay course, although a discipline and/or department rubric would still be a sensible, probably necessary plan of action, if for a how to essay no other reason than to create a broader sense of QR's current existence within the Washington, curriculum, as well as to respond to legislative concerns. If any of the above models, or parts of them, were to be adopted into an intro paragraph for an essay State (INTO), Western's higher education goals, how will we know if those goals have been reached? Regardless of the domain - QR, writing, ITL, critical thinking - this problem is American University central to all student learning outcomes assessment. Are exit tests the solution? This strategy has its appeals - straight-forwardness, the promise of quantifiable results, a clean finality - but is also fraught with problems. For example, who would pay for the costs? Do we pass them along to essay meaning Goldsmiths University of London, students? What about the logistics of having 2500 people a year sit down for such testing? Do we impact course/class work by setting aside a week of testing days? What about the messy work of assessing writing?
No one yet has come up with a way of feeding a computer a sample of student writing and have it spit out a meaningful rating. Clc Transcript American University? And what, pray tell, happens if students don't meet the standards? Do we force them to repeat courses? Do we hold them back? Yet of essay Goldsmiths University, all the legitimate concerns over exit testing, what educators fear most is that exit tests lead inexorably to clc transcript American University, instructors teaching to the test rather than their hearts, thereby stifling academic creativity, flexibility, and innovation. Certainly a more practical student learning outcomes assessment tool are satisfaction surveys. Our current ones could be modified to include questions about guides College, QR, Information Literacy, etc. Yet such surveys never seem quite enough. They're a soft measure, subjective and not as representative of our student population as most researchers would like them to be. While the surveys themselves could be more finely honed, and return rates could be increased, satisfaction surveys would only ever be one part of a fuller student learning outcomes assessment effort. Probably QR assessment will need to tie in to the current student learning outcomes assessment technique: allowing a well-designed, thoughtfully considered curriculum to University, take care of the end results by essay writing guides College itself.
Yet this approach, too - as steeped in University tradition and as well-intended as it may be - often feels soft, especially by today's higher academic standards, driven by the need for objective quantifiable data. Something relatively new that might help this student learning outcomes conundrum are the performance standard rubrics that have been developed, or that are being developed for the domains established by how to a how Aiglon College the legislature. (To date, rubrics have been developed for clc transcript University Washington writing and critical thinking, while rubrics for information technology literacy and quantitative reasoning are in process.) What's useful about these rubrics is how they delineate the expected performance abilities of students at various levels along their academic careers. That these rubrics have been so diligently thought out and produced is a very good thing - some might even argue that it's a process long overdue. Content standards have been debated and produced seemingly since the inception of education; they are, at least currently, the bases for most curricular decisions. On the other hand, clearly articulated performance standards have been either sorely lacking or all but invisible to those outside academia. So having the rubrics is write a contract law essay University good, but what is American Washington going to happen to them once they are honed and ready for use? Will they be used as part of an how to a research paper Tilton School exit test? Oops. There's that again. But if not an clc transcript American University exit test, what about the idea of applying the standards of each domain's rubric to the curriculum?
What if from day-one to day-last of a student's academic career each course contained some of, maybe even sometimes all of the domain skills, with those skills then assessed according to the standards proposed by the rubrics? Indeed, by way of promoting a point of discussion, we are going to suggest in this Dialogue the idea of student learning outcomes assessment serving as a matrix - and here we are defining matrix as that which gives form to an intro paragraph essay Colorado, a thing. We are thinking specifically of calling it an institutional matrix. How an institutional matrix might work is this: a) here are some domains of knowledge - writing, QR, ITL, critical thinking - that we want to American, send our students into the world with as an educated citizenry; and b) here, as laid out under each domain, are the rubrics establishing the School, performance standards for those domains of knowledge. With the domains and rubrics in place, c) each instructor incorporates into University, his or her courses as many of these domains as is appropriate and a research paper Tilton School, reasonable; and American, d) utilizes the a research Tilton School, rubrics (also as appropriate and reasonable) to assess student learning outcomes. It might be helpful to think of this institutional matrix as an overlay to clc transcript American Washington, most of the existing pedagogical techniques already practiced and courses already taught.
It's worth is as a curricular clarifier, an article writing courses Shawnigan Lake intensifier, a focuser, the clc transcript American University, tool with which murky areas can be made clear again, not just for those of essay Goldsmiths, us in academia, but for those outside it - legislatures, taxpayers, the parents of Washington, our students. For those folks especially clarity is how to write a contract law essay University of utmost importance, yet also what many of them feel academia lacks. Our current system of courses, grades, capstone experiences, et al., is not necessarily bad or out-dated, but it is sorely lacking an University Washington overlay of contemporary clarity. How To Write A Contract Law Essay Newcastle? It may be that in the course of applying such an institutional matrix there will be some fundamental rethinking of our goals as higher educators; maybe there will need to be some discussion about the balance between life-long learning skills versus content knowledge in the various departments and majors, but such discussions - and maybe even the clc transcript, reevaluations that might come from them - will not hurt us, but rather might renew the energies of all those involved in writing meaning Goldsmiths University higher education. QR and math are inextricably linked, but while math is primarily a discipline, QR is primarily a skill - one with practical applications. Moreover, while mathematics is clc transcript Washington often exclusive, frequently with a language of its own, QR is inclusive, its language plain and an intro essay State (INTO), everyday. Few people are trained to University, work with complex mathematical concepts, but most can understand mathematics well enough to develop informed opinions about quantitative concepts. The expectation that college graduates will demonstrate competence in quantitative reasoning is broadly supported on both the an intro paragraph for an essay Colorado State University, state and national levels; however, the assessment of clc transcript American, QR skills in undergraduates is complicated. For one thing, QR crosses domains. For another, important assessment questions have yet to be addressed: what QR skills should students enter with? what should their QR skills look like when they graduate? We have suggested three different assessment models that might achieve the write Tilton, goal of determining whether our graduates meet acceptable standards of QR competence.
Moreover, we have suggested the idea of an institutional matrix focused in the general education program that would support, sustain, and encourage the development of American Washington, student learning outcomes from each of the four state initiatives - quantitative reasoning, information technology literacy, writing, and critical thinking - which form the core of a new and exciting assessment arena for higher education in write a how College our state. Such a broad scale approach to student learning outcomes has enormous potential to clc transcript American University, impact how faculty think about student learning in all courses they teach. 2. Simpson, C. (November, 1999) Quantitative Reasoning (QR) Progress Report (page 2). Essay Writing Goldsmiths University? Office of Institutional Research and Resource Planning. Western Washington University.
3. QR for American University College Graduates: A complement to the Standards and the MAA's Subcommittee on Quantitative Literacy Requirements (Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics). 4. Write A Contract Newcastle? Guidelines for the Quantitative Reasoning Overlay Requirement, page 4. 5. To see more examples of QR questions and/or tests, see contacts at the bottom of American University, page 6 of this report. Office of law essay University, Institutional Assessment and Testing. Dr.
Joseph E. Clc Transcript? Trimble, Director; Gary R. Writing? McKinney, General Editor. technical assistance by Center for Instructional Innovation. Dr. Kris Bulcroft, Director; Web Design by Karen Casto.