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Appendix For Kfc Report Essays and Research Papers. Axia College Material Appendix C Acute Care Patient Reports Fill in paper International, the following table with a general description of each . type of patient report , who may have to sign or authenticate it, and of Canberra the standard time frame that JCAHO or AOA requires for it to be completed or placed in the patient’s record. Four of the reports have been done for you. |Name of argumentative essay paper Brandenburg, Report |Brief Description of Contents |Who Signs the Report |Filing Standard | . Anesthesia , Hospital , Medical diagnosis 425 Words | 3 Pages. ?Associate Level Material Appendix A Final Project Overview and essay Hurtwood Timeline Final Project Overview For the final project, you will . evaluate the financial health of a company. Write a 750- to essay Berlin 1,000-word paper in APA format and create a PowerPoint® presentation that summarizes your evaluation. Prior to writing the argumentative issue The University of Canberra (Navitas) paper, you will need to argumentative essay School research your chosen company and conduct an industry comparison to determine how your company’s financial performance compares with others in its industry. . Annual report , APA style , Citation 638 Words | 3 Pages. inception, KFC has evolved through several different organizational changes. These changes were brought about The University of Canberra (Navitas) due to the changes of ownership . that followed since Colonel Sanders first sold KFC in 1964.

In 1964, KFC was sold to argumentative essay Berlin International a small group of investors that eventually took it public. Heublein, Inc, purchased KFC in 1971 and was highly involved in the day to argument The Asia of Technology (APU) day operations. Argumentative Essay Berlin Brandenburg School. R.J. How To A Conclusion For A Anglia. Reynolds then acquired Heublein in 1982. Argumentative Berlin Brandenburg International School. R.J. Argumentative Issue Of Canberra. took a more laid back approach and argumentative paper School allowed business as usual at for college Wycliffe College KFC . Paper Berlin International. Finally. Fast food , Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points , KFC 1342 Words | 3 Pages. How To A Conclusion Anglia Ruskin University. hcr210r4 appendix c patient reports. ?Associate Level Material Appendix C Acute Care Patient Reports Fill in essay paper Berlin International, the following table with a general description of each . Essay The Asia Pacific Of Technology (APU). type of patient report , who may have to paper Berlin International School sign or authenticate it, and the standard time frame that JCAHO or AOA requires for it to be completed or placed in the patient’s record. How To Write A Conclusion Ruskin University. Four of the reports have been done for you. Name of Report Brief Description of Contents Who Signs the Report Filing Standard Face Sheet Patient identification, financial data, clinical information. Anesthesia , Hospital , Medical diagnosis 604 Words | 3 Pages. preferences of KFC revealed that healthy eating, animal welfare and ethics are three of the most consumer’ desires KFC are . facing today. The issue of animal welfare has intrigued KFC as the People for paper Berlin School Treatment of Animals (PETA) in 2008 claimed KFC suppliers exercised unethical treatment for the chickens in their farms.

This group believed that KFC suppliers should improve the what living conditions of the chicken and argumentative paper Berlin Brandenburg address ethical issues in raising them in the farm are needed ( KFC Menu, 2010). Argumentative Issue The University Of Canberra (Navitas). In. Fast food , Fried chicken , KFC 1813 Words | 6 Pages. About KFC Colonel Harland Sanders, born September 9, 1890, actively began franchising his chicken business at the age of essay paper International School, 65. Now, the . KFC ® business he started has grown to be one of the largest quick service food service systems in the world. How To Write For A Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas). And Colonel Sanders, a quick service restaurant pioneer, has become a symbol of entrepreneurial spirit.

More than a billion of the Colonel's finger lickin' good chicken dinners are served annually. And not just in North America. The Colonel's cooking is. AW Restaurants , Dave Thomas , Fast food 1790 Words | 7 Pages. Analysis of argumentative essay paper Brandenburg International School, Kfc. The Forces and argumentative issue The University KFC. | The Forces and argumentative Berlin Brandenburg International KFC | | James Watson 12/23/2012 | Executive Summary The seven international environmental forces that . impact international business are natural resources and write Abingdon School environmental sustainability, economic and socioeconomic forces, political forces, intellectual property and other legal forces, understanding the international monetary system and financial forces, labor forces, and international competitive strategy.

While some of the factors mentioned above are completely. AW Restaurants , China , Economics 2266 Words | 7 Pages. Argumentative Essay Berlin Brandenburg International School. Associate Level Material Appendix A Final Project Overview and Timeline Final Project Overview The final project for this course is a . 1,750- to 2,000-word research paper on a topic of your choice, approved by your instructor, from the categories on the following list: • Affirmative action • Colonization • Consumerism • Culture • Drugs • Education • Ethics • Gun control • Identity theft • Immigration • Literacy • Media • Politics • War • Technology • Another. Academic publishing , Annotated bibliography , Bibliography 514 Words | 3 Pages. I. Information 1. Introduction There is Abingdon, basic information we should be known about KFC KFC , known as Kentucky Fried . Chicken, is a chain of School, fast food restaurants based in Louisville, Kentucky, in the United States. It is found by Harland Sanders in 1952 at University Utah, U.S.

KFC has been a brand and operating segment, termed a concept of Yum! Brands since 1997 when the company was spun off from PepsiCo as Global Restaurants Inc. The main website is The largest system restaurant company. Dave Thomas , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 6072 Words | 22 Pages. Axia College Material Appendix A Final Project Overview and Timeline Final Project Overview Select a fictional organization from the . Virtual Organization Web site and create an ethics program plan for the organization. Use the following scenario as the premise for your project: You have just been hired as the ethics advisor of an up-and-coming organization. Argumentative Paper Berlin. Your manager asked you to design a new ethics program for the company. The new ethics program must explain ways in which the. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Compliance and ethics program 489 Words | 3 Pages. ? Appendix A UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN FACULTY OF ACCOUNTANCY AND MANAGEMENT ACADEMIC YEAR: 2014/2015 OCTOBER 2014 TRIMESTER UKMM1011 SUN . A Conclusion Essay. ZI’S ART OF WAR BUSINESS STRATEGIES ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET Subject Code: UKMM1011 Subject Title : SUN ZI’S ART OF WAR BUSINESS STRATEGIES Lecture Group: _________ Assignment Details: Company : ___________________________________ Product : ___________________________________ Word Counts : ___________________________________ Due Date . Essay. Collation , Management , Marketing 464 Words | 3 Pages. Quoting, Summarizing and essay writing online Paraphrasing Mayra Cevallos COM/220 Research Writing 2/23/13 Amy Zalimas Associate Level Material Appendix J . Argumentative Essay. Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing Sources ??? Answer the following questions in 150 to 200 words: How do you determine which information is noteworthy? I researched the a conclusion essay Ruskin (Navitas) article to make sure it was peer reviewed.

I only tend research for paper Berlin Brandenburg International material, books, articles that are from the University library which I know has credible information. I look. Abuse , Assault , Citation 576 Words | 5 Pages. APPENDIX A (INTERVIEW) This interview was conducted on the 18th of issue (Navitas), December 2013 at essay paper Berlin International Rainforest AdVenture Experience Park in Pasig City. The . interviewee was Mr. Julius Meroy, Head of RAVE. U: Good Day Sir! We would like to know if RAVE Park could be the topic of our study/thesis. R: Yes we allow it, in fact it is not the coursework Curtin Singapore first time that there are students who ask us the same question most of those students are from schools here in manila. Argumentative Paper Berlin Brandenburg International School. U: R: The former name was Rainforest then change it on Rainforest. Metro Manila , Pasig City , West Edmonton Mall 545 Words | 11 Pages.

Appendix Appendix Contents Table 1. Computed values for Demand 41 Figure 1. Argumentative (Navitas). Graph for Demand 42 Table 2. Moving Average . Technique 43 Table 3. Linear Regression Analysis 43 Table 4. Naive Method 44 Table 5. Exponential Smoothing 44 Table 6. Computed values for argumentative essay Berlin Supply 45 Figure 2. Graph for Supply 46 Table 7. Computed Values for Demand - Supply Gap 47 Figure 3. Graph for Demand-Supply Gap 48 Table 1. Computed values for Demand Product Life Cycle Stage | Year | Population. Undergraduate Coursework Curtin University Singapore. 1916 , 1920 , 2010s 1088 Words | 6 Pages. Fast food , Fast food restaurant , Fried chicken 6100 Words | 24 Pages. Appendix A Subdivisions of the Genre of Poetry Narrative Poetry 1) Ballad - A narrative poem that has a refrain and is written as a song, . usually telling of an exciting or dramatic episode. 2) Epic - A very long poem about the essay paper International School adventures of undergraduate coursework Curtin University, a hero written in lofty language. Essay Paper Berlin Brandenburg School. Lyric Poetry 1) Haiku - Originally a Japanese form of write School, poetry about argumentative paper Berlin Brandenburg International School nature that has three lines and seventeen syllables. Argument Essay The Asia Pacific University & Innovation. The first and third lines have five syllables, and argumentative paper Brandenburg the second line has seven syllables. . Drama , Lyric poetry , Narrative poetry 822 Words | 4 Pages. Associate Level Material Appendix A Final Project Overview and Timeline Final Project Overview Your final project provides you with . the what for college essay Wycliffe College opportunity to apply formal analysis and evaluation skills developed in past weeks. In addition, you engage in argumentative essay paper Berlin School, research regarding iconography or symbolism. Researching your theme and to write essay Wycliffe selecting works builds appreciation for art and critical thinking skills.

The format for each of essay Berlin Brandenburg, your 10 selected works of art in writing online House, your final project must be the argumentative essay Brandenburg School following: . Art , Contemporary art , Gustave Courbet 558 Words | 3 Pages. KFC , or also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, has been one of the most famous fast food franchises nowadays along with McDonald’s and coursework Curtin University Singapore Subway. . Looking at the graph above we can see that Yum! Brands, the parent’s company of KFC are the third biggest firm in the fast food industry. By serving more than 12 million customers in 21000 stores in 109 countries every day, KFC has become the argumentative paper Berlin world most popular chicken fast food franchise. (1) However, over to write essay College, the past decade, KFC’s suppliers have been caught. Animal rights , Animal welfare , Chicken 1403 Words | 4 Pages. ?LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL Subject: Submission Letter of Project Report . Argumentative Paper Berlin. Dear Sir, We are students of the BUS 101 course (Introduction to online Hurtwood . Business). As a requirement of your course BUS 101, we have prepared this project report on “ KFC ”. We would like to essay paper Berlin International School thank you for letting us work on the project, which enhanced our understanding of the how to write School subject matters through analysis and reporting. Argumentative Essay Berlin Brandenburg International School. Since we worked in a group to prepare this report , it also gave us the opportunity to develop our teamwork capability. Advertising , KFC , Marketing 2338 Words | 7 Pages. [pic] Internship Report KFC Pakistan BBA Program Summer 2009 Submitted To Prof.

Nisar Ahmad By Madiha . Hamid L1F05BBAM0045 For My Beloved Parents First and The Asia University & Innovation (APU) foremost, I am deeply grateful to Allah for giving me a chance to complete my internship successfully and for completing my report in Berlin School, time. Pacific University & Innovation. Sincere and deep regards for argumentative essay Berlin Brandenburg International School my internship advisor Prof. What To Write For College Essay. Nisar Ahmad for his continuous guidance, encouragement and critical remarks that helped. Burger King , Chain store , Fast food 15386 Words | 52 Pages. summary Kentucky Fried Chicken is the second largest fast food restaurant. KFC has focused on argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg foreign markets since the 1960s. At first this . report will detailed describe the history of the Kentucky Fried Chicken. And then next parts will analysis the international business of the Kentucky Fried Chicken. Finally the report will give some recommendations to the KFC . Background to Kentucky Fried Chicken Kentucky Fried Chicken ( KFC ) was established in Louisville, Kentucky, United states as a chain of. Fast food , Fast food restaurant , Fried chicken 1799 Words | 6 Pages. Competing through Operation: KFC Report.

Coursework: Report CONTENTS Introduction Company profile: KFC Five performance objectives Capacity Capacity constraints . Capacity strategy Relationship between five performance objectives and capacity strategy Conclusion References Appendices INTRODUCTION The report focuses on KFC - the leading chicken fast food restaurant in the world, and The University of Canberra one of the largest players in the fast food market. By using five performance objectives and Brandenburg International various research methods, the report aims to analyze. Burger King , Chicken , Fast food 3095 Words | 16 Pages. KFC /Pizza Hut makes efficiency gains with Zap Business Intelligence Businesses become more agile, responsive and performance-focused . Situation There are over 120 KFC and Pizza Hut outlets in Singapore, employing about 5,000 staff. Both brands also offer Singapore-wide delivery services. In the face of undergraduate coursework Curtin University Singapore, rapid business growth, KFC /Pizza Hut found that their business intelligence (BI) system was unable to cope. Argumentative Paper Berlin Brandenburg. It fared badly when meeting corporate reporting requirements, benchmarking store performance.

Business , Business intelligence , Data warehouse 965 Words | 3 Pages. Position Essay University Of Technology & Innovation. GROUP G BBA HOTEL MANAGEMENT Title Page This report writes from my internship experience at Brandenburg School Aloft Bangkok – Sukhumvit 11 in Marketing . Communication Department. This report presents the internship information as work duties, responsibilities, and problem while working and solving problem. I hope this report be able benefits to Hotel management junior student. Pariya Sudsersin December 22, 2012 Executive Summary The purpose is this report can be benefit for who want to how to write for a essay Ruskin University (Navitas) understand or learn.

Hotel , Hotels , Motel 1569 Words | 6 Pages. CASE STUDY: KFC in China Kentucky Fried Chicken ( KFC )- one of the most known fast food chains in the world started in the early . 1930's by Kernel Sanders in argumentative paper Berlin Brandenburg International School, the Southern USA as a small franchise operation. Colonel Sanders has become a well known personality throughout thousands of KFC restaurants World wide. Quality, service and cleanliness (QSC)represents the most critical success factors to KFC's global success. For A Essay Ruskin. Throughout its 35-year history, the argumentative Berlin Brandenburg International School company has gone through several stages and has. China , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 1968 Words | 6 Pages. KFC FRANCHISE OPPORTUNITY I. Initial Start up Costs and Franchise Fees (USA, Some financial rquirements vary from coursework country to country) . Total Investment: $1,200,000-$1,800,000 Initial Franchise Fee: $25,000 Royalty Fee: 4%/ year Advertising Fee: N/A Term of Agreement: 20 years Renewal Fee: $4.9K Owned By: Yum! Brands Required to purchase multiple units/ master licenses KFC , Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, Aamp;W Restaurants Multibranding encouraged when feasible Financing: Third Party Financing. Argumentative Essay Berlin Brandenburg. AW Restaurants , Franchise , Franchising 1215 Words | 4 Pages.

STRENGTHS- A key strength for KFC is the very fact that customers are loyal to the brand. This is write a conclusion essay Ruskin, evident as KFC held a worldwide . market share of over 70 percent in both sales and restaurant. This naturally leads to KFC having gained strong customer awareness and to be the essay Berlin International School market share leader. To Write For College Essay. Also apart from having been in the fast food industry since 154, has enable them to have proprietary recipes and technology. KFC also has strong marketing expertise foundation within the U.S, fast food industry. Fast food , Fast food restaurant , Fried chicken 822 Words | 3 Pages. Purchasing and Supply Management (KFC) 1.0 Introduction Kentucky Fried Chicken Corporation ( KFC ) was the world’s largest chicken restaurant chain and argumentative Berlin School third largest fast-food . chain. KFC held over 55 percent of the Curtin U.S market in terms of sales and operated over 10,200 restaurants worldwide in 1998. KFC first opened in argumentative essay International, Australia 1968.

Present day KFC now serves over 2million customers a week. Curtin. With over 600 stores Australia wide. This report will aim to argumentative essay Brandenburg International School analyse and critique KFCs purchasing and how to write an university essay School supply management activities. Paper Berlin Brandenburg. In particular. Chicken , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 1996 Words | 9 Pages. How can KFC corporation Ltd Successfully Compete on each of the criteria such as quality, cost, speed . What To Write For College Essay. innovation.

KFC Corporation based in Louisville, Kentucky, is the argumentative essay paper Berlin International world’s most popular chicken restaurant chain, it operates more than 10,200 restaurants worldwide in more than 79 countries. How To Write A Conclusion Anglia Ruskin. After PepsiCo brought up KFC in 1986, KFC carried out significant changes in different areas including the new focus on product quality, the new product offerings and differentiation. Chicken , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 920 Words | 3 Pages. KFC Marketing Activity Report 1. Target market: KFC targets upper and middle classes. Typical customers are adults . ages 25-54 who are in occupations ranging from white collar office jobs to blue collar construction jobs. The biggest part of their customer base makes between $50,000 and $60,000 dollars a year and are married with children. 2. Positioning: For a product to argumentative essay Brandenburg International School occupy a clear, distinctive and undergraduate coursework Curtin Singapore desirable place relative to paper Berlin Brandenburg International “Competing products in the minds of target consumer.” In KFC feedback. How To Write An University Abingdon. Chicken , Fast food , KFC 662 Words | 2 Pages. North HASTINGS 4103 0800EDUCATED 17 April 2013 Mr Peter Wanaberich 12 Smith St Taradale NAPIER 4110 Dear Peter Wanaberich Business . Report Virtual Institute of Technology (V.I.T) is an argumentative essay Berlin International School, internet based virtual education organization offering comprehensive internet based education from world-class institutions and lecturers. This Report as requested will outline the details of the business entity, financial specifications and the business plan pertaining to essay writing online House V.I.T. Thank you for expressing.

Business , Commerce , Corporation 1626 Words | 6 Pages. KFC - Finger-lickin' good Kentucky Fried Chicken Kentucky Fried Chicken is argumentative essay paper Brandenburg, one of the well-known fast food restaurants in the world. Argumentative. The . Essay Paper Berlin Brandenburg School. industry was founded by an university Abingdon Colonel Sanders. The corporation is based in Louisville, Kentucky and now regarded as the argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg most famous chicken restaurant chain. It can be noted that each day, nearly eight million customers avails the products and foods offered by this fast food chain. Position Argument Pacific University & Innovation. KFC has more than 11, 000 branches in argumentative Brandenburg, more than 80 nations and territories all over. AW Restaurants , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 1523 Words | 6 Pages. ?Case Study Real Choices at writing online Hurtwood KFC (page 243) Could you imagine eating a sandwich without any bread? At first I found it kind of odd but overall . it may be something to consider in your future diet.

Next time you are standing in essay International, the bakery department deciding on what loaf of bread to a conclusion for a essay Ruskin (Navitas) buy, flip the loaf over and read the nutritional information. You may be surprised of what you are actually eating. My significant other does a lot of grocery shopping so I wanted to argumentative essay paper Brandenburg School see exactly what she has been having. Chicken , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 1087 Words | 3 Pages. Curtin. Oil and Gas Report BP Petroleum: Management style and argumentative essay Berlin Brandenburg International School organisational structure Introduction This . report will be analysing the future potential of BP (British Petroleum Global) in regards to its Management style or styles while taking into account strengths and weaknesses of its organizational structure as part of a SWOT analysis of BP. The background of BP will also be briefly explored. Background of BP “BP's origins date back to the founding of the Anglo-Persian. Anglo-Persian Oil Company , BP , FTSE 100 Index 990 Words | 3 Pages. CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION. 2 I.1.

FRANCHISE . . 2 I.2. KFC . 2 II. MAIN CONTENT. 3 II.1. SHOPS. Fast food , Fast food restaurant , Franchise 1606 Words | 6 Pages. KFC Location; Aurangabad Owner; KFC Holding, Malaysia Capacity; 103packs Working hours; 11am- 11pm Staff; 9am – 2am . Shifts; 9am-6pm (opening) 1pm- 10pm (general) 5pm- 2am (closing) Hierarchy; Restaurant manager Assistant restaurant manager Three Shift managers [Morning, Noon, Evening] The Operational staff [Cash, Lobby, Assembling, Production, Cleaning] The restaurant has three sections; * Cash / lobby * Assembling station. Argumentative The University Of Canberra. Aurangabad Airport , Aurangabad, Maharashtra , Cooking 1377 Words | 5 Pages. Argumentative Essay International School. ?Case Study 2 Introduction KFC China is a quick service restaurant that’s has dominated the local fast-food market.

Marketing has . significantly contributed to its success. This report covers KFC -China’s current localized marketing strategy consisting of product, promotion price and placement strategies. It will also discuss the potential issues that may affect business operations in the near future, these include; increasing costs, emerging seniors market, economic slowdown and supplier issues. Undergraduate Curtin Singapore. China Youth Development Foundation , Fast food , KFC 1519 Words | 7 Pages. case Blue: from other sources Case summary A year after closing the McDonald’s campaign, PETA started to target KFC (part of YUM brands) . since KFC was behind its competition in protecting animal welfare. Paper Berlin School. KFC made initial efforts to comply without providing specifics of how compliance is achieved, but it was not enough for write an university Abingdon PETA to give up its commitment towards animal welfare at KFC . Eventually, PETA launched a campaign called Kentucky Fried Cruelty.

Study Questions for “PETA's 'Kentucky Fried. Animal welfare , Chicken , Cruelty to animals 1236 Words | 5 Pages. Argumentative Berlin Brandenburg. Introduction: KFC Corporation, based in Louisville, Ky., is the world's most popular chicken restaurant chain specializing in Original . Recipe®, Extra Crispy™ and Colonel's Crispy Strips® with home-style sides, Honey BBQ Wings, and freshly made chicken sandwiches. There are more than 14,000 KFC outlets in more than 80 countries and how to an university Abingdon School territories around the world, serving some 12 million customers each day. KFC Corporation is a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, Inc., Louisville, Ky. KFC is a brand and operating.

AW Restaurants , Colonel Sanders , Corbin, Kentucky 1418 Words | 5 Pages. Internship Report for Book Translation Name: GULIQIANTE, Connie Student ID: 50914346 Date: 28 July 2009 My internship experiences . Argumentative Brandenburg International. start from the snapshot task for SIZE magazine practically. But there wasn't a definite contract at that time, I just took over from one of my friend and photographed modern persons on the street to essay Hurtwood show the argumentative essay Brandenburg School trend of fashion in writing online House, Hong Kong. Argumentative Essay Paper Berlin Brandenburg International. I have got the joy of meeting different kinds of people, talking to them and recording their sparkling moments. And speaking. The University (Navitas). China , Language , Literal translation 1221 Words | 3 Pages. INTRODUCTION ………………………………………..…Page 3 2. KFC CULTURE…………………………………………..…Page 4 3. Argumentative Paper Brandenburg School. MOTIVATION…………………………….………………. Page 7 4. TOP . Write An University. MANAGEMENT…………………….…………….….Page 7 5. SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY……….………………….…..Page 9 6. LEADERSHIP……………………………………………… Page 10 7. Berlin Brandenburg International. RECRUITMENT SELECTION PROCESS………….

Page 12 8. TRAINING DEVELOPMENT PROCESS…………. Page 14 9. PERFORMANCE OF APRAISAL PROCESS…………… Page 17 Introduction: Kentucky Fried Chicken ( KFC )- one of the most known fast food chains. AW Restaurants , Fast food , Human resource management 3902 Words | 16 Pages. Conclusion. 8. Essay Abingdon School. Appendix . Introduction KFC Corporation, based in argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg International, Louisville, Kentucky, is issue The University of Canberra, one of the few brands in . America that can boast about argumentative Berlin School having a rich, 59-year history of success and innovation. In fact, KFC is the world's most popular chicken restaurant chain, specializing in Original Recipe, Extra Crispy, Colonel's Crispy Strips and essay online Honey BBQ Wings, with home-style sides and essay Berlin freshly made chicken sandwiches. Since its founding by Colonel Harland Sanders in argumentative (Navitas), 1952, KFC has been serving. AW Restaurants , Dave Thomas , Fast food 5088 Words | 17 Pages.

Greenpeace International today released evidence that Kentucky Fried Chicken ( KFC ) has been using product packaging sourced from rainforests, . supplied by Brandenburg School Asia Pulp and Paper (APP). Forensic testing in three markets—UK, China and argumentative issue (Navitas) Indonesia—repeatedly confirmed the argumentative School presence of what for college Wycliffe, rainforest fiber in argumentative essay paper International, numerous packaging products, including the famous chicken bucket. Essay University (APU). The report , How KFC is Junking the Jungle, exposes how some KFC packaging was produced using timber from the rainforests of Indonesia, home. Deforestation , Fast food , Forest 1883 Words | 6 Pages. Essay Brandenburg International School. adopted by of Canberra KFC in India to get better results and to understand the argumentative essay paper Berlin International possible reasons that could affect it.Hussey (1997) explains us that the what to write . type of argumentative Brandenburg School, methodolgoies would reflect the suppositions of the online Hurtwood research paradigm.First of argumentative Berlin School, all the what essay College Philosophy and general perspective will be discussed.Then it will be followed on by the data collection methods and also some samples will be provided. Argumentative Berlin School. Philosophy The basic purpose of position essay The Asia Pacific University & Innovation, this research is to find out the business strategies used by KFC in India for. Argumentative Essay Berlin Brandenburg International. Fast food , Fast food restaurant , Hamburger 1740 Words | 7 Pages.

0 KFC HOLDINGS (MALAYSIA) BHD (65787-T) Annual Report 2007 0 Annual Report 2007 KFC . HOLDINGS (MALAYSIA) BHD (65787-T) 0 Contents 0 04 07 09 4 6 44 45 48 5 58 6 67 70 7 Highlights Notice of Annual General Meeting Notice of Dividend Entitlement Statement Accompanying Notice of Annual General Meeting Corporate Statement Review of Operations Corporate Information Board of Directors Senior Management Head of Division Group Structure Corporate Governance Statement Nomination. Economy of Malaysia , Issued share capital , KFC 46667 Words | 191 Pages. AACSB Case Report Kentucky Fried Chicken Corporation is player in a leveled-off fast-food industry. With the Hurtwood maturation of argumentative paper Berlin Brandenburg School, this industry in essay writing Hurtwood House, . the United States, the restaurants involved face increased intense competition for customers. Argumentative Essay School. I find interesting how difficult it is for KFC and other restaurants in how to write a conclusion University, other segments of the industry to maintain market share control price because of the amount of competition and rivalry. The restaurants face competition within their segment and essay Brandenburg with the issue of Canberra other. Essay Paper Berlin Brandenburg School. Fast food , Fast food restaurant , Fried chicken 695 Words | 2 Pages. Essay The Asia University & Innovation (APU). Axia College Material Appendix B For this assignment you will share information with patients about a specific type of cancer by argumentative School creating . a flyer, brochure, or report . Select and complete one of the following assignments: Option 1: Families With Children Option 2: Young Adults Option 3: Middle-Aged Adults Option 4: Older Adults Option 1: Families With Children Your goal is to educate families with children about a cancer that affects children.

Although focused, this. American Cancer Society 828 Words | 4 Pages. Customer relationships 9 Bibliography 10 Appendix 11 Appendix 1: Positioning map of the issue (Navitas) fast-food market 11 . Appendix 2: The three levels of a product 11 Appendix 3: Possible value propositions 12 Introduction Kentucky Fried Chicken, founded in essay paper Berlin Brandenburg School, 1952 by the company’s icon Colonel Sanders, is a chain of fast food restaurants with shops located all around the what College world. Since 1997 it is part of the major brand Yum!, which also owns PizzaHut and argumentative Taco Bell. KFC distributes their products in no less. Customer , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 3481 Words | 12 Pages. Material Appendix B Statistics UCR and Self- Report Data Complete the matrix below. To complete this matrix, list two . pros and two cons of Uniform Crime Report (UCR) data and two pros and House two cons of self- report data. |Statistical Information |Pros |Cons | |Official Information: |FBI Releases Preliminary Annual Crime Statistics for 2009 |Self- report studies.

Assault , Crime , Crimes 667 Words | 5 Pages. The Business ethic of argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg School, KFC and McDonald. The Business ethic of issue of Canberra (Navitas), KFC and argumentative International McDonald . TABLE OF CONTENTS The Business ethic of KFC and McDonald 1 Executive Summary 3 1 Introduction 3 2 Comparation of KFC and McDonald’s practices 4 3 Application of 4 relevant ethical theories 6 3.1 The utilitarian approach 6 3.2 The rights ethical approach 7 3.3 The Justice ethical approach 7 3.4 The virtue. Business ethics , Ethics , Fast food restaurant 1604 Words | 7 Pages. Report title: Importance and use of attachments in reports Author: Robyn Horsman Position: Manager Work team: . Business Operations Date of Pacific of Technology, submission: 21 April 2004 Introduction This report was commissioned in March 2004 by the Manager of the argumentative essay paper International Australian Book Store Practice Firm. It is to be presented in hard copy for publication as an eBook. The findings and recommendations will also be delivered to a full staff meeting in an oral presentation. 1. Purpose . Abbas Kiarostami , Attachment theory , Report 1009 Words | 5 Pages. Kentucky Fried Chicken and the Global Fast-Food Industry: KFC : world’s largest chicken restaurant chain and third largest fast-food chain in writing online, . 2004 One of the first fast-food chains to go international, one of the world’s most recognizable brands.

KFC’s early international strategy: grow its company and franchise restaurant base throughout the world ? refocused in 2004 on several high growth markets (China, Canada, UK, Australia, South Africa, and more) ? company-owned restaurants (greater control. Fast food , Fast food restaurant , Hamburger 1245 Words | 4 Pages. Is Tony Wang correct in argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg International School, assuming that China is an ideal market for online Hurtwood House KFC ? Should KFC be pursuing the Chinese market at argumentative Berlin Brandenburg School the present . How To Write Essay Abingdon School. time? Considering China as a strategic location was based from a SWOT analysis. Availability of Supply (Strength) There is ready access of essay Berlin School, quality poultry in the major metropolitan areas such as Shanghai, Guangzhou and Beijing. Poultry industry is one of the top priority categories in China’s agriculture modernization and it is undergraduate coursework University, highly encourage by the government. China , Chinese character , Chinese language 1597 Words | 6 Pages. 1.0: introduction Kentucky fried chicken also knows as KFC , the argumentative paper International School world most large and well knows fast food restaurant that have more than 10 . Essay. thousands locations worldwide in argumentative Berlin International School, more than 80 countries. How To A Conclusion Essay Ruskin (Navitas). People from younger age to older age also know the argumentative Berlin International slogan of for college essay, KFC , which is argumentative essay paper Brandenburg International School, “Finger lickin’ Good”, and the old man with white suits hand holding a black color crutch. Nowadays, we can see KFC in any shopping centre, or some popular location. We can get service or their product easily, it really convenient.

Colonel Sanders , Corbin, Kentucky , Dave Thomas 2007 Words | 6 Pages. Case Study 1 Introduction KFC (Kentucky Fried Chicken) is Pacific of Technology & Innovation (APU), a global brand fast-food chains which expands rapidly and achieves an impressive . success in Chinese market during last decades. More than 40 precent of Yum’s operating profit is argumentative Berlin International School, generated by KFC China with over 4,500 stores. (Junheng 2012) However, KFC China is what to write essay College, facing a serious of challenges about argumentative paper Brandenburg perceived negatives of fast food, the changing nature of Chinese consumer and the rising competitions. It needs to localise their offerings and. China , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 1349 Words | 3 Pages. MANAGEMENT GROUP MEMBER: NICKY ISIS RAHAT ALI INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND §? KFC is the world’s No.1 Chicken QSR. Writing. §? Leading in UK, . Australia, South Africa, CHINA, USA, Malaysia and many more. §? Introduced many offerings for its growing customer base in essay paper International School, India while staying rooted in the taste legacy of Colonel Harland Sander’s secret recipe. Argumentative Issue The University Of Canberra. §? Products are made on the motto of“Crispy outside, juicy inside. §? KFC is based in Louisville, Kentucky, and is the world’s most popular chicken restaurant. Corbin, Kentucky , Dave Thomas , Fast food 556 Words | 16 Pages. Associate Level Material Appendix E Strategies for Gathering and Evaluating Sources Evaluate three sources for your final project by Brandenburg International . filling in how to write essay (Navitas), the information below. Your responses here will provide the paper Brandenburg information you need to complete the annotated bibliography for your Week Three assignment. Source 1 |Source Information | | . Write Essay. Begin , Concepts in metaphysics , Experience 536 Words | 4 Pages.

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Save time! Outline your essays before writing a full draft. Applicants trust Agos Admissions Consultants to help them select the best story that fits the questions BEHIND the question. Before spending hours writing a complete essay draft that might fail to impress admissions office readers, please share all possible answers with us. In your session, you and argumentative paper International School, your consultant can discuss these options and pick the best one. To Write For College Wycliffe College. Once you know that your story fits the question, please outline and write a full draft without worrying about the word limit. Cutting words from your story comes at argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg School, the END of the argument Pacific of Technology & Innovation (APU) brainstorming and drafting process.

As we read application essays, Agos Admissions Consultants ask ourselves four questions: Do I understand your story? Do I believe you made an impact? Do I care about the impact you made? Do I think what you want me to think?

For example, can I imagine you making a similar impact at Berlin, your target school? The best Agos admissions consulting clients share ideas with us BEFORE they spend hours writing. Then, they continually scrap and build their story. They structure story options into a simple outline or framework. For now, please share two or three story options. Which examples might fit the question? What are your reasons to choose (or perhaps NOT choose) a particular story? Here is one possible structure for what to write for college essay Wycliffe College sharing your ideas with your consultant: Please use the STAR method (or another simple framework that best fits the question) to organize your answer. STAR stands for situation, task, action, and result. A STAR framework might look like this:

1. Argumentative Essay School. Situation – What was the problem? 2. Task – What was your idea for how to argumentative issue solve the problem? Why did you think that idea would work? 3. Action – What steps did you take? Of those action steps, which one seemed to have the most impact? What was the International turning point? 4. Result – What happened in the end? What impact did your actions have on others? Can you quantify your results with numbers such as money or percentages? Can you qualify your impact with words like first, youngest, only, or best? Finally, please tell us how you feel about this story.

What are the pros and cons of selecting it? List the. Pros (reasons to use this story) Cons (reasons NOT to use this story) I have compiled several frameworks that my clients use to structure their essay and issue The University of Canberra (Navitas), interview answers. Argumentative Essay School. Use them, but do not abuse them. Once you understand the method of telling stories with a clear beginning, middle, and essay The Asia University & Innovation (APU), end, I suggest you abandon these tools and practice speaking in a natural and spontaneous way. Remember, your interview is a conversation. Do you enjoy meeting new people? Show your interpersonal skills at the interview - you can impress your interviewer and boost your chances of admission. PAR stands for Problem-Action-Results.

First you state the problem that existed in your workplace, then you describe what you did about it, and paper Brandenburg, finally you point out the beneficial results. Here’s an example: “Transformed a disorganized, inefficient warehouse into a smooth-running operation by totally redesigning the layout; this saved the company thousands of dollars in recovered stock.” Another example: “Improved an engineering company’s obsolete filing system by essay online House, developing a simple but sophisticated functional-coding system. This saved time and money by argumentative essay paper Berlin International, recovering valuable, previously lost, project records.” For each accomplishment, write out undergraduate coursework University Singapore, not only what you did (the key skills and Berlin Brandenburg International School, actions you took), but describe the problem as well as the result. Accomplishment statements can highlight one primary action and result or may contain a few lines of information that stress additional skills and specific results. Use the coursework Curtin University Problem-Action-Result (PAR) approach for each accomplishment.

State the Problem - (The challenge, need, opportunity or goal.) Aim to state the argumentative paper Brandenburg International School main problem/challenge in coursework Singapore one to two sentences. This provides the argumentative essay Brandenburg School context for the actions you took. State the Key Actions Performed - (Begin each sentence with a key skill word.) This helps to target your skills to the requirements of the job. State the Result - (Quantify the result(s) when possible.) Use percentages, numbers etc. to demonstrate the significance of an university Abingdon your actions. If you cannot quantify the result, try to qualify the result by stating the argumentative essay paper type of improvement you observed. Problem (in this case a need) A large non-profit agency lacked a volunteer program. Valuable staff time was used to perform services which volunteers could do. Action (key skills used) Researched volunteer management theories.

Interviewed volunteer coordinators. Prepared a cost/benefit analysis of hiring a coordinator to recruit and write an university School, train volunteers. Drafted and argumentative essay paper International School, submitted a proposal. How To Essay. Result (quantify or qualify benefits of your actions) The organization created a full-time position that expanded the agency services and maximized staff time. Expanded agency's service and paper Brandenburg International, maximized staff effectiveness by to write essay Wycliffe, researching and recommending new volunteer program with a full-time volunteer coordinator. Incorporate your completed accomplishment statements into the body of your resume and expand upon these accomplishments in essay paper Brandenburg your interview to communicate the specific skills and unique benefits you bring to how to for a essay (Navitas) the position. (found at; accessed 2009/10) I suggest using a modified PAR template: R-PAR. Put the result at the beginning. Situation: give an argumentative essay Berlin School example of essay University of Technology (APU) a situation you were involved in argumentative essay paper Berlin International that resulted in a positive outcome Task: describe the tasks involved in that situation / what was your ultimate goal? try to define your task as narrowly as possible Action: talk about the various actions involved in the situation’s task.

Show your progress in implementing your idea / trying to reach your task. This should include: Problems - what obstacles did you encounter that threatened your project / kept you from achieving your task? How did colleagues and/or supervisors resist your efforts? Solutions - specific actions and decisions you took to Curtin University overcome the obstacles. How did you overcome the resistance of others? Results: what results directly followed because of your actions? show the impact of your success as broadly as possible Takeaways/Learnings: what did you learn from this experience?

Application: when have you applied your lessons in another situation (optional in argumentative essay paper Brandenburg School many cases but good for brainstorming to test if your learning was real). Example of a STAR Answer. Situation: During my internship last summer, I was responsible for managing various events. Task: I noticed that attendance at The Asia, these events had dropped by 30% over argumentative Berlin, the past 3 years and what to write essay Wycliffe, wanted to do something to improve these numbers. Action: I designed a new promotional packet to go out to the local community businesses.

I also included a rating sheet to collect feedback on our events and organized internal round table discussions to raise awareness of the issue with our employees. Result: We utilized some of the wonderful ideas we received from the community, made our internal systems more efficient and argumentative essay Brandenburg, visible and raised attendance by 18% the first year. Problem Action Results Takeaway (what you learned) Situation Obstacle Action Result. Provide a structured framework to keep your answer clear and concise, while conveying how you effectively overcame the challenge. Situation Obstacle Failure Takeaway (what you learned) One of my writing gurus is Professor John Cochrane at The University of undergraduate Curtin University Chicago Booth School of Business. His Writing Tips for Ph.D. Students contains good advice for argumentative Brandenburg International any writer. Here are some highlights from his article. Use simple short words not big fancy words. “Use” not “utilize.” “Several” not “diverse”.

Keep down the number of clauses in your sentences, and the number of things kept hanging. Every sentence should have a subject, verb and object. What Essay. No sentences like “No sentences like this.” An essay outline is probably the most important friend you will have while writing your essay. It is the scaffolding of your paper and the skeleton of your ideas.

It is the framework by which you will write a killer essay. And frankly, it is difficult to paper Berlin Brandenburg International write one without an outline. An outline is a general plan of the material that is to be presented in a speech or a paper. The outline shows the order of the various topics, the relative importance of each, and the relationship between the various parts. There are many ways to arrange the different parts of a subject. Sometimes, a chronological arrangement works well.

At other times, a spatial arrangement is best suited to the material. The most common order in outlines is to go from the general to the specific. This means you begin with a general idea and then support it with specific examples. Thesis Statement of argumentative (Navitas) Summarizing Sentence. All outlines should begin with a thesis statement of argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg International summarizing sentence. This thesis sentence presents the central idea of the paper. It must always be a complete, grammatical sentence, specific and brief, which expresses the issue The University of Canberra (Navitas) point of view you are taking towards the subject.

The two main types of paper Berlin Brandenburg International School outlines are the topic outline and the sentence outline . In the topic outline, the headings are given in single words or brief phrases. In the position argument sentence outline, all the argumentative Brandenburg School headings are expressed in complete sentences. 1. Subdivide topics by a system of numbers and argumentative issue The University of Canberra (Navitas), letters, followed by a period. 2. Each heading and subheading must have at least two parts. 3. Headings for parts of the paper of speech such as, Introduction and paper Berlin Brandenburg, Conclusion, should not be used. 4. Be consistent. Do not mix up the issue The University of Canberra (Navitas) two types of outlines. Use either whole sentences of brief phrases, but not both.

Choices in College and After. Thesis : The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, depend on larger questions I am beginning to ask myself about my life’s work. I. Two decisions described. A. Art history or chemistry. 1. Professional considerations.

2. Personal considerations. B. A third year of Berlin International French? 1. Practical advantages of knowing a foreign language. 2. Intellectual advantages. 3. The issue of necessity. II.

Definition of the problem. A. Decisions about occupation. B. Decisions about a kind of life to lead. III. Temporary resolution of the problem. A. To hold open a professional possibility: chemistry.

B. To take advantage of cultural gains already made: French. Choices in College and After. Thesis : The decisions I have to make in choosing college courses, depend on larger questions I am beginning to ask myself about my life’s work. I. I have two decisions to make with respect to choosing college courses in the immediate future. A. One is whether to elect a course in art history or in chemistry. 1. One time in my life, I planned to be a chemical engineer professionally. 2. On the other hand, I enjoy art and plan to travel and see more of position essay The Asia Pacific University (APU) it.

B. The second decision is paper Berlin Brandenburg International School whether to issue of Canberra (Navitas) continue a third year of French beyond the basic college requirement. 1. French might be useful both in engineering and travel. 2. Furthermore, I am eager to read good books which are written in French. 3. How necessary are these considerations in the light of other courses I might take instead? II. My problem can be put in argumentative Berlin Brandenburg School the form of a dilemma involving larger questions about my whole future. A. On the how to write essay School one hand I want to argumentative essay Berlin International School hold a highly-trained position in Pacific of Technology & Innovation (APU) a lucrative profession.

B. On the other hand I want to lead a certain kind of life, with capacities for values not connected with the making of money. III. I will have to argumentative essay Brandenburg International School make a decision balancing the conflicting needs I have described. A. I will hold open the professional possibilities by what to write essay College, electing chemistry. B. I will improve and solidify what cultural proficiency in another language I have already gained, by electing French. An outline breaks down the parts of your thesis in a clear, hierarchical manner. Most students find that writing an outline before beginning the essay paper paper is The University most helpful in organizing one's thoughts. If your outline is good, your paper should be easy to write. The basic format for paper Berlin an outline uses an alternating series of numbers and letters, indented accordingly, to indicate levels of importance. Here is an example of an coursework University Singapore outline on a paper about the development of Japanese theater:

I. Thesis: Japanese theater rose from a popular to elite and then returned to a popular art form. The thesis is stated in the first section, which is the argumentative Berlin Brandenburg introduction. II. Essay Hurtwood House. Early theatrical forms A. Bugaku B. Sarugaku C. Primitive Noh D. Authors and Audience III. Essay Berlin School. Noh theater A. Authors B. Props 1. Masks a. women b. demons c. old men 2. Structure of Stage C. Themes 1. Buddhist influence 2. The supernatural D. Kyogen interludes E. How To Write Essay Abingdon. Audience IV. Argumentative Berlin School. Kabuki A. Authors B. Props 1. Essay Writing Hurtwood House. make-up 2. special effects C. Themes 1. Love stories 2. Revenge D. Argumentative Brandenburg School. Audience V. Bunraku (puppet) theater A. Issue The University (Navitas). Authors B. Props C. Themes 1. Love stories 2. Historical romances D. Audience. The body follows the introduction, and breaks down the points the Brandenburg International School author wishes to position essay The Asia & Innovation (APU) make.

Note that some section have subdivisions, others do not, depending on argumentative Berlin Brandenburg School, the demands of the what to write College paper. In this outline, II, III, IV all have similar structure, but this will not necessarily be true for all papers. Some may only have three major sections, others more than the five given here. Your conclusion should restate your thesis, and never introduce new material. When you begin writing an essay outline, use the following model as a guide: II.


If you use this rough guide and Berlin Brandenburg International, fill in the blanks as you are researching your essay, you will find writing the essay so simple. You have all you need in front of argumentative of Canberra you. Brandenburg International. It is researched and undergraduate Curtin University, organized. Argumentative Essay Paper Brandenburg School. All you have to do now is fill in the blanks with transition words and smooth language. Show your essay to MBA alumni LAST, not first. They are only more qualified than me to answer one question: Why this MBA program? (Why Columbia?

Why Wharton? Why Stanford?) Remember, MBA alumni are experts on their EXPERIENCE. But they do NOT know the new application essay questions, nor how to answer them them. Most of all, please please remember that the top-tier MBA admissions process, just like any highly selective sorting mechanism, is constantly changing it's algorithm. Otherwise, how else could it remain so highly competitive, especially in this age of over-sharing? Information is for college essay Wycliffe College subject to change.

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25 Reasons You Should Brush Your Teeth. Posted by David Pegg, Updated on April 7, 2014. Okay, so it’s pretty obvious that if you don’t brush you’ll probably lose your teeth, but by the time you get to the bottom of this list you’ll see that brushing twice a day can potentially save you much more than a couple hundred bucks on a cheap pair of argumentative Berlin Brandenburg School dentures. It can save you tens of essay thousands of paper International dollars in to write Wycliffe College health care over the course of your lifetime and potentially save your life as well. While we know it sounds obvious we just wanted to be clear, your mouth smells bad because of bacteria and chewing gum does not kill bacteria. At least not to any significant extent. Caused by plaque build up on your teeth Gingivitis often leads to argumentative essay Brandenburg International School, swollen gums that bleed when you brush them. Ironically, there is only one way to prevent this…to brush them.

Your chances of position argument essay Pacific of Technology actually preventing Gingivitis look fairly bleak. With 80% of argumentative paper Brandenburg International Americans afflicted by essay Hurtwood, some form of argumentative Berlin Brandenburg International School gum disease it quickly becomes clear why dentistry is such a lucrative profession. But gingivitis is only the beginning. Eventually you’ll find yourself with some much worse… You thought swollen, bloody gums were bad? Well, that gingivitis will eventually spread and you’ll start losing the alveolar bone around your teeth, followed by argumentative The University (Navitas), the teeth themselves. Argumentative Paper Brandenburg! Couldn’t get much worse than that could it? Oh it certainly could. Periodontitis, doctors have found, is often a gateway to many other much more serious complications. Coursework Singapore! Let’s start with… 25 Best Anime Of All Time That You Will Want To See. Essay International! 25 Everyday Activities That Are Illegal In North Korea. 25 Of The Most Evil Serial Killers You Have Ever Known.

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This means that when something as critical as your mouth becomes infested with harmful bacteria (as it would when you have gingivitis or periodontitis) it will inevitably affect the rest of undergraduate coursework Singapore your body. Take this as an example… Coined in paper Berlin International the trenches of writing online House Word War 1 where it afflicted many soldiers, this is essentially an extreme form of gingivitis. Your mouth becomes so overrun with bacteria that they often spread into essay Brandenburg School, your cheeks, lips and jaw bones. This however, is just the beginning. If your gums are bleeding and your mouth is overflowing with plaque and bacteria, it will eventually make its way into your bloodstream. Unfortunately this means that it will inevitably pass through your heart, and plague in your heart is never a good thing. Besides causing heart attacks though, this rogue bacteria can also lead to… In a mechanism very similar to what happens in the heart, the argumentative issue The University of Canberra bacteria can also spread through the blood stream and into your brain. So, not only can it increase you chances of argumentative essay Brandenburg having a stroke but it can also lead to… Poor gum health increases your risk of developing dementia by almost 30% to how to write essay School, 40%. Berlin! There are several theories about the exact mechanism but hopefully you can see the to write College correlation. Remember to brush your teeth and it will help you remember everything else as well. Essay Paper International! Yes, we know that this is a form of essay writing online Hurtwood dementia, but just in argumentative paper Brandenburg School case anybody reading this wasn’t sufficiently scared into brushing by everything above, we thought we should throw this one in for good measure.

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Apparently the bacteria from your gums produces proteins that induce a reaction from your immune system which at the end of the day leads to some serious joint issues. As bad as it is to have your own body attacked by bacteria, if you are an expectant mother, there is another body that you should be concerned about. The bacterial infection can actually be passed to your child and cause problems with delivery. Not only that, but many times after delivery the argumentative paper Berlin School baby’s have a… Antibodies to the bacterial infection in the mother have been found in the umbilical cord and placental blood of the baby after delivery. Not only a conclusion for a essay Anglia Ruskin University, does this mean complications at birth, but it can lead to Brandenburg International, numerous other issues as well. Unfortunately however, due to coursework Curtin Singapore, hormonal changes, pregnant women are more prone to gum disease. Essay Berlin International! So, now that you are sufficiently petrified of the bacteria living in your mouth, how can all of these things be prevented? Well, the argument essay Pacific of Technology good news is that it’s not really a big secret, but the bad news is argumentative essay paper Brandenburg International School that you have to admit your mother was right. Let’s start with the position argument Pacific University basics… Studies have suggested that people, on average, spend about 1 minute brushing their teeth. This generally removes only about 60% of the plague.

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Seems hopeless? Not if you rinse till it burns! But just as you can fight the bacteria in the bathroom, you can also fight them in issue The University the kitchen when you… By consuming lots of argumentative essay fiber you are not only contributing to the overall health of your body, but you are also stimulating the flow of saliva in how to an university Abingdon School your mouth which helps to remineralize your teeth when they start to decay. Smokers are over 4 times more likely than non-smokers to get gum disease, and Berlin Brandenburg International, smokeless tobacco isn’t any better. The best policy is abstinence, which brings us to our final point… You want to be fresh?

Let’s just be clear – you can’t be fresh when your mouth is full of lethal, heart-stopping bacteria. So, before you do anything else, go scrub those pearly whites. Then, come back and watch the 25 greatest Fresh Prince of Bel-Air moments ever. Essay Writing Online House! Learn from the master. SEE ALSO: 25 Of The Most Difficult Languages To Learn In The World NOW WATCH: 25 Abbreviations And Acronyms You've Always Wondered About. List25 compiles lesser-known intriguing information on argumentative essay Berlin International, variety of what to write for college Wycliffe College subjects. List25 was started by Syed Balkhi in essay School 2011. Write An University Abingdon School! The main prupose of this site is to be educational while entertaining at the same time. Essay Berlin Brandenburg International School! It's 25 because we don't like top 10 lists.

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Essay on Monopoly Market | Micro Economics. In this essay we will discuss about monopoly market. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Meaning of Monopoly 2. Sources and Types of Monopoly 3. Monopoly Price Determination 4. Degree of paper Berlin Brandenburg Monopoly Power – Its Measure 5. Meaning of Monopoly Price Discrimination 6. Types of Price Discrimination 7. Conditions for Price Discrimination 8. Benefits of Price Discrimination and Other Details. Essay on the Meaning of Monopoly Essay on the Sources and Types of Monopoly Essay on Monopoly Price Determination Essay on the Degree of write an university Monopoly Power – Its Measure Essay on the Meaning of essay International School Monopoly Price Discrimination Essay on the Types of Price Discrimination Essay on the Conditions for Price Discrimination Essay on the Benefits of Price Discrimination Essay on the Harms of Price Discrimination Essay on Control and coursework Curtin, Regulation of argumentative essay Berlin Brandenburg International School Monopoly. Monopoly is a market situation in which there is only one seller of a product with barriers to entry of others. Writing Online House? The product has no close substitutes. In the words of Salvatore, “Monopoly is the form of market organisation in which there is a single fir m selling a commodity for argumentative essay International School, which there are no close substitutes.”

The cross elasticity of demand with every other product is very low. School? This means that no other firms produce a similar product. Thus, the monopoly firm is itself an industry and the monopolist faces the industry demand curve. The demand curve for argumentative paper Berlin International School, his product is, therefore, relatively stable and online Hurtwood, slopes downward to Berlin Brandenburg School, the right, given the tastes and an university Abingdon School, incomes of his customers. It means that more of the product can be sold at a lower price than at a higher price. He is a price-maker who can set the price to his maximum advantage. However, it does not mean that he can set both price and output. Essay International School? He can do either of the two things. His price is determined by his demand curve, once he selects his output level. Or, once he sets the price for his product, his output is determined by what consumers will take at that price. In any situation, the ultimate aim of the monopolist is to have maximum profits.

Essay # 2. Sources and argument University & Innovation (APU), Types of Monopoly : Monopoly may arise from paper Brandenburg a number of sources and is of various types: First, grant of writing online Hurtwood House a patent right to a firm by the government to make, use or sell its own invention. Second, control of a strategic raw material for an exclusive production process. Third, a natural monopoly enjoyed by a firm when it supplies the entire market at a lower unit cost due to increasing economies of scale, just as in the supply of electricity, gas, etc. Fourth, government may grant exclusive right to a private firm to operate under its regulation. Such privately owned and government regulated monopolies are mostly in public utilities and paper Berlin Brandenburg, are called legal monopolies such as in transport, communications, etc. Fifth, there may be government owned and regulated monopolies such as postal services, water and sewer systems of municipal corporations, etc. Sixth, government may grant licence to a sole firm and protect it to The Asia of Technology & Innovation, exclude foreign rivals. Seventh, the sole manufacturer of a product may adopt a limit pricing policy in order to prevent the entry of new firms. Essay # 3. Monopoly Price Determination : We study the determination of monopoly price in the short-run and the long-run. The analysis of the determination of the price, output and profits under monopoly is based on the following assumptions: (1) There is argumentative essay, one seller or producer of a homogeneous product.

(2) There are no close substitutes for Curtin University, the product. (3) There is pure competition in the factor market so that the price of each input he buys is given to him. (4) The monopolist is argumentative essay paper Brandenburg International, a rational being who aims at maximum profit with the minimum of costs. (5) There are many buyers on the demand side but none is in a position to undergraduate Curtin University, influence the price of the product by argumentative paper Berlin his individual actions. Thus the price of the product is given for the consumer. (6) The monopolist does not charge discriminating price. Writing Online Hurtwood? He treats all consumers alike and argumentative International, charges a uniform price for his product. (7) The monopoly price is what to write Wycliffe College, uncontrolled.

There are no restrictions on the power of the monopolist. (8) There is no threat of entry of other firms. Price and Output Determination : Given these assumptions, the price, output and profits under monopoly are determined by essay the forces of demand and supply. The monopolist has complete control over the supply of the product. He is also a price- maker who can set the price to argumentative issue of Canberra (Navitas), his maximum advantage. But he cannot fix the price and output simultaneously.

Either he can fix the price and leave the output to be determined by the customer demand at that price. Or, he can fix the output to be produced and leave the price to essay Berlin School, be determined by the consumer demand for argument Pacific & Innovation, his product. Brandenburg School? Thus, whatever price he fixes and whatever output he decides to produce is determined by the conditions of demand. The demand curve faced by a monopolist is definite and is downward sloping to the right. It is undergraduate University Singapore, his average revenue curve (AR). Its corresponding marginal revenue curve (MR) is also downward sloping and lies below it. But the manner and extent to which the monopolist will be able to influence price or output will depend upon School, the elasticity of demand for his product. If the demand for his product is highly elastic, he can sell more by how to for a Ruskin University a small reduction in essay paper Berlin International School, price.

If, on the other hand, the demand is less elastic, the tendency will be to raise the price and profit more by selling less. Given the demand for his product, the monopolist can select the most profitable output against this demand. His cost of write an university essay production may be rising, falling or constant. Whatever the nature of the cost curves- straight line, convex or concave—the monopoly equilibrium will take place at a point where the paper Berlin Brandenburg, marginal revenue equals marginal cost i.e. ?R /?Q = ?C /?Q. The monopolist maximises his profits at the price where the difference between total revenue and total costs is the maximum i.e. Max ? = TR-TC. In other words, the a conclusion for a essay Anglia Ruskin (Navitas), monopolist gains the maximum when he equates marginal revenue ( MR) to marginal cost (MC). He may do this either by estimating the demand price and the cost of producing various outputs or by a process of trial and error. Geometrically speaking, the point of monopoly equilibrium is one where the Berlin Brandenburg, MC curve cuts the MR curve from below or from the undergraduate Singapore, left, and a perpendicular from it to paper Berlin Brandenburg School, the AR curve determines price. It implies that. Price MC = MR.

In fact, monopoly price = MC –E/E-1. AR (Price) = MR MC –E/E-1 and MC = MR. Monopoly Price = MC E/E-1. Thus monopoly price is a function of the MC and the elasticity of demand. We discuss below the determination of how to an university Abingdon monopoly price in the short period and the long period.

(A) Short-Run Monopoly Equilibrium : In the short-run, the argumentative School, monopoly firm attains equilibrium when its profits are maximised or losses are minimised. Like the competitive equilibrium, this analysis can also he discussed in terms of the how to write an university Abingdon School, total revenue-total cost approach and the marginal revenue-cost approach. Total Revenue-Cost Approach: In Figure 1. Argumentative Essay Paper Berlin Brandenburg? TC is the total cost curve showing a constant rise in the total costs as output increases. TR is the total revenue curve which goes on rising to begin with, then flattens and later on slopes downward, showing fall in to write essay Wycliffe, total receipts after a given point. The monopolist will maximise his profits at that output where the difference between TR and TC is the greatest. This will be the level at which the slopes of TR and TC curves equal. Accordingly, P is the equilibrium point as determined by the tangents at points P and argumentative essay, T on the TR and to write essay College, TC curves respectively. A and are the break-even points where TR = TC. To the left of A and essay Berlin International, right of B, the monopolist is incurring losses because TC TR.

Thus his maximum profits will be PT and he will sell OM output at MP Price. Marginal Revenue-Marginal Cost Approach: In the short-run, the monopolist can change the price as well as the writing Hurtwood, quantity of the product. If he intends producing more, he can do so by increasing the use of variable inputs. He may start two shifts of argumentative paper Berlin Brandenburg production; hire more labour, raw materials, etc. But he cannot change his fixed plant and to write, equipment. On the other hand, if he wants to restrict his output, he may dispense with certain workers, work for less hours and use less of the School, variable factors. In any case, his price cannot be below the average variable costs. Essay Online Hurtwood House? It implies that he can continue to incur losses during the short period so long as he covers his average variable cost (AVC) of production.

Price is determined when (1) P SMC = MR, and (2) The SMC curve cuts the International School, MR curve from below. It is at this equilibrium point that profits are maximised or losses are minimised. In Figure 2, SAC and SMC are the short-run average and marginal revenue curves respectively. AVC is the to write for college essay Wycliffe, average variable cost curve. D/AR is the demand curve (the average revenue curve) whose corresponding mar­ginal revenue curve is MR. The short-run monopoly equilibrium is at point E where the argumentative Berlin Brandenburg International School, SMC curve cuts the MR curve from below.

The monopolist sells OM output at MP (=OB) price. The price MP, being above the short-run average cost MA, the monopolist earns AP profits per unit of output. Thus total monopoly profits are AP ? CA= CAPB. In Figure 3, the short-run equilibrium of the monopolist is shown when he earns only normal profits. The equality of SMC curve and MR curve at point E determines OM output which is sold at MP Price. Since the SAC curve is how to a conclusion for a essay University, tangent to the AR curve at International School, this level of output, the monopolist earns normal profits.

The monopolist knows that any level of output other than OM would bring losses because the SAC curve would be higher than the AR curve. Figure 4 shows a short-run situation in which the monopolist incurs losses. As usual, the equilibrium point E is determined by writing online House the equality of SMC and MR. But the monopoly price MP, as fixed by paper Berlin Brandenburg International demand conditions, does not cover the short-run average costs of production PA. It just covers the average variable costs MP, represented by the tangency of the demand curve D and issue The University (Navitas), the AVC curve at point P. PA is thus per unit loss which the monopolist incurs. Total losses are equal to BP x PA = BPAC. In this figure, P is the shut­down point for this firm. School? If the market demand conditions lower the price from MP downward, the monopolist will temporarily stop production. His firm will close down. (B) Long-Run Monopoly Equilibrium:

In the long-run, the monopolist can remain in business only if he is able to earn super-normal profits. If he was incurring losses in the short-run, he has enough time to make changes in his existing plant in the long- run so as to maximise his profits. With entry of new firms ruled out, he can install a plant which gives him maximum profits. The scale of his plant depends upon the position of the demand (AR) curve and its corresponding MR curve. The most profitable level of output is at the point where the LMC curve intersects the MR curve from undergraduate Curtin University below and the SMC curve passes through this point.

Further, the essay paper Berlin Brandenburg, SAC curve must be tangent to the LAC curve at this level of output. Suppose in the long-run, the monopolist installs an efficient plant represented by the curve SAC 1 and SMC 1 in Figure 5. For College? On this plant, the argumentative essay Berlin Brandenburg, long-run profits are the maximum at the output OM where LMC = MR at point E. Since at this level the short-run average cost curve SAC 1 is how to write essay Abingdon School, tangent to the LAC curve at Point A, the SMC 1 curve is also equal to the LMC curve and to the MR curve (SMC 1 = LMC =MR) at the equilibrium point E. Thus when the monopoly firm is in long-run equilibrium, it is also in Berlin Brandenburg International School, short- run equilibrium. Argument Essay The Asia Pacific University Of Technology & Innovation (APU)? By changing its scale of plant in the long-run, the monopolist charges the price OB (=MP), sells the output OM and earns BPAC monopoly profits. However this plant is less than the optimum size because the monopoly firm is argumentative essay Berlin Brandenburg International School, not producing at the lowest point L of the LAC curve.

It has some excess capacity. It is not in a position to take full advantage of the economies of scale due to position argument Pacific of Technology & Innovation (APU), the small size of the market for his product. Essay # 4. Degree of Monopoly Power – Its Measure: In monopoly, the monopolist is able to earn monopoly profit by his superior bargaining power. Argumentative Essay Berlin International School? He is in undergraduate coursework Curtin, a better position to exploit the market to his advantage.

He gains more by putting restraints on his actual and potential competitors. Thus monopoly power refers to the restraints imposed over his competitors by the monopolist through his price-output policies. There are two important methods of monopoly power: First, the difference between marginal cost and price. Since in Monopoly, the marginal cost is always less than the price, the greater the difference between the two, the larger is the monopoly power. Second, the difference between monopoly super-normal profits and competitive super-normal profits is also considered as the measure of monopoly power. The greater the difference between the two, the larger is the degree of monopoly.

However, economists have given other measures of monopoly power. We discuss a few. Essay? But no method is regarded as perfect. One of the earliest methods to measure monopoly power is expressed by Prof. Abba P. Lerner in terms of the bargaining strength. The difference between price and how to write essay Abingdon, marginal cost is the measure of the degree of argumentative paper Berlin International School monopoly power. If P is price and Hurtwood, MC the marginal cost, the formula for measuring the degree of monopoly power is P-MC/P. A seller’s monopoly power depends upon his ability to sell his product at a price much above his marginal cost.

The larger the gap between price and marginal cost, the paper Berlin School, greater is the monopoly power. Undergraduate Coursework Curtin Singapore? A competitive seller has no monopoly power at all, because under perfect competition P = MC. In all cases, the above formula will give zero. But in the case of overproduction, MC may exceed price and the index will have a negative value. Moreover, if the paper Berlin International, seller is a monopolist, the difference between price and what to write for college essay Wycliffe, marginal cost is always there. The index of monopoly power will, therefore, vary between zero and argumentative essay Brandenburg International School, unity. Writing Online Hurtwood? For instance, if P is Rs.4 and MC Rs.2 the index of monopoly power will be 1/2 i.e. (4-2)/4. It is, however, not easy for a seller to raise the price of his product in order to increase his bargaining price.

The attempt to paper Berlin Brandenburg International, raise profits by a price rise may be neutralized by the reduction in his sales resulting from raising the price. Therefore, the argumentative The University, degree of monopoly power is measured in essay Berlin International, terms of the elasticity of position essay The Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation (APU) demand and paper Berlin International, the formula is: Degree of monopoly power (DMP) = (P – MC)/ P. For profit maximisation, MC = MR, and the formula becomes. DMP= or the inverse of the elasticity of demand, By substituting MR = P E-1/E in the above equation, DMP= (P-P E-1/E)/P = P- PE +P/E/P = PE- PE+P/EP = 1/E. Or the inverse of the elasticity of demand, P/P-MR. Lerner’s measure is illustrated in Figure 6 where AC and MC curves are the firm’s average and marginal cost curves, while D and MR are its demand and marginal revenue curves.

The monopolist firm maximizes its profit at point E where MC = MR. It produces OM output and sells it at MP Price. What To Write Wycliffe College? The ratio PEIPM is paper International School, termed as the degree of monopoly power. The degree of a conclusion for a Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas) monopoly power is the reciprocal of the P-MR elasticity of demand i.e., P-MR/P. In Figure 6, P is equal to PM while MR is equal to EM. Rewrite the paper Berlin Brandenburg International School, formula, The formula indicates that the degree of monopoly power is the reciprocal of the price elasticity of demand E. The lower is the price elasticity of demand the greater is the degree of monopoly power. The higher the The Asia Pacific & Innovation, elasticity, lower the essay Berlin Brandenburg International School, monopoly power. If, for instance, price elasticity of demand is 2, the undergraduate University, degree of monopoly power will be one-half. On the argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg International School, other hand, the elasticity coefficient of 1/2 will indicate a monopoly power of 2. Though interesting, this measure of monopoly power has many limitations.

First, monopoly power does not depend exclusively on writing House, the difference between price and cost. It also depends on the restriction of essay paper Berlin School output by the monopolist seller. The index showing the degree of monopoly may be equal in the case of two firms. But one may have under utilisation on its existing plant and equipment while the other may show underinvestment. The above formula fails to undergraduate coursework University, explain these important aspects of essay paper Berlin Brandenburg International monopoly power. Secondly, the Lerner formula is incapable of measuring non-price competition. Again the index of monopoly power may be the same in case of two firms. But one firm may be engaged in intensive non-price competition than the other firm. It may thus be selling a large quantity of its product.

Lerner’s formula does not throw any light on this aspect of the problem. Thirdly, even the case of absolute monopoly power is difficult to explain in terms of this formula. The price elasticity of demand measures income and argumentative issue The University (Navitas), substitution effects of a change in argumentative essay School, price on consumer’s demand. But under absolute monopoly where competition is issue The University, absent, the substitution effect is zero and the income effect is the only effect. Thus the International, price elasticity of demand under monopoly measures only the income effect which may be negative or positive. How To Essay Ruskin? The main flaw in Lerner’s measure is that it does not attach any definite coefficient of elasticity to the degree of monopoly power. Fourthly, Lerner’s measure is essentially static. It does not reveal whether the level of marginal cost is due to superior technology or the result of obsolete methods of production. Lastly, the Lerner measure is affected by changes over time in the ratio of School capital to labour in an industry.

Despite these limitations, economists like Dunlop and Kalecki used this index to measure the degree of monopoly power. The former used this in the case of selected industries and the latter for the whole economy. Prof. Robert Triffin has improved upon what to write for college essay Wycliffe, Lerner’s measure by suggesting price cross-elasticity instead of price elasticity of demand. Argumentative Essay Paper Berlin? Price cross-elasticity of demand measures the degree of substitution between the products of two firms when a change in the price of undergraduate one firm’s product affects the demand for the other’s product. When the cross-elasticity of demand between the product of one firm and of all other firms is zero, the reciprocal of cross-elasticity would be infinity and the firm would have absolute monopoly power.

According to Triffin, under pure monopoly, the cross-elasticity of demand is zero and the monopolist takes advantage of absolute monopoly power. On the other hand, cross-elasticity is infinite under perfect competition and the firm’s monopoly power is zero. First, like Lerner’s measure, the Triffin measure is unsuitable for practical purposes. Pure monopoly like pure competition is unreal. Secondly, it is not possible to find out a definite coefficient of cross-elasticity of demand in the case of any firm. Thirdly, the method of measuring monopoly power in terms of cross-elasticity of demand is not correct because its coefficient is zero both under pure monopoly and pure competition.

But monopoly power is found under pure monopoly rather than under pure competition. Prof. J.S. Argumentative Paper Berlin Brandenburg School? Bain suggests the size of super-normal profit as the degree of monopoly power. He uses the divergence between price and average cost as the measure of monopoly power.

Under perfect competition, super-normal profits are competed away with the entry of new firms in the industry. So the degree of monopoly power is a conclusion Ruskin, zero when competition is essay paper Brandenburg School, pure. It is, therefore, under monopoly with no threat of entry of new firms that monopoly profits are the undergraduate coursework Curtin Singapore, largest and the degree of monopoly power the absolute. The degree of monopoly power will, however, be small where the threat of new entrants exists. Thus the degree of monopoly power is measured by argumentative essay School the size of essay Wycliffe super-normal profits. The greater the strength of the paper Brandenburg International School, seller, the larger profits he will earn without any threat of new entrants. The Bain measure is illustrated in Figure 6 where the monopoly firm produces OM output and sells it at MP Price. The difference between price and average cost (AC) is PC at OM per issue of Canberra (Navitas) unit of argumentative Brandenburg output.

Thus A PC are the super-normal profits which measure monopoly power. But this measure is also not free from shortcomings. First, it is difficult to estimate the net income accruing to a firm. It depends upon the extent of of Canberra its amortization of the cost of fixed factors. Secondly, there are other difficulties, like the deduction of interest and wages of management from the firm’s net income in order to calculate its profits.

Thirdly, all profits accruing to a firm are not monopoly profits. Firms, whether competitive or monopolistic, often earn windfall profits when demand and cost conditions change. They, therefore, need to be deducted from total net profits to arrive at pure monopoly profits. Lastly, excess profits may be due to monopolistic selling practices, monopolistic buying practices, or the result of increase in efficiency, newer manufacturing techniques and Brandenburg International, expert man­agement. Prof. Rothschild measures the degree of monopoly power as the ratio of the slope of a firm’s demand curve to the slope of the industry demand curve. In Figure 7, dd represents the de­mand curve of a firm which is elastic than the coursework Curtin, industry demand curve DD. Thus. DMP=Slope of dd/Slope of DD= (KL/KR)/(KN/KR) = KL/KN.

Since under pure competition the demand curve of a firm is horizontal, the essay School, Rothschild index equals zero. Under pure monopoly there being no difference between firm and industry, this index equals unity. Therefore, the degree of online Hurtwood House monopoly power exists between zero and unity. The Rothschild measure of the degree of monopoly power is argumentative essay Berlin School, vaguer than the other measures. First, it is not possible to estimate the exact shape of the demand curve for the relevant output range. Second, this index requires that all competitors keep their prices constant or they readjust their prices so as to keep them identical with the price being charged by the monopolist. Lastly, this measure is coursework University Singapore, based exclusively on demand factors and essay Berlin School, neglects supply and cost conditions. Essay # 5. Meaning of Monopoly Price Discrimination: Price discrimination means, charging different prices from different customers or for different units of the same product.

In the words of Joan Robinson: “The act of selling the same article, produced under single control at different prices to different buyers is known as price discrimination.” Price discrimination is position essay The Asia, possible when the monopolist sells in different markets in such a way that it is not possible to transfer any unit of the commodity from the cheap market to the dearer market. Price discrimination is, however, not possible under perfect competition, even if the two markets could be kept separate. Essay Paper Berlin Brandenburg School? Since the market demand in each market is perfectly elastic, every seller would try to how to a conclusion essay Ruskin University, sell in that market in which he could get the highest price. Essay Berlin International School? Competition would make the price equal in both the markets. Thus price discrimination is possible only when markets are imperfect. Essay # 6. Types of Price Discrimination: Price discrimination is of many types: Firstly, it may be personal based on the income of the Abingdon, customer.

For example, doctors and lawyers charge different fees from different customers on the basis of their incomes. Higher fees are charged to rich persons and lower to the poor. Secondly, price discrimination may be based on the nature of the product. Paperback is cheaper than the deluxe edition of the same book, for the former is bought by the majority of readers, and the latter by libraries. Unbranded products, like open tea, are sold at lower prices than branded products like Brooke Bond or Tata tea. Economy size tooth pastes are relatively cheaper than ordinary-sized tooth pastes. In the case of services too, price discrimination is practiced when off-season rates of hotels at hill stations are very low as compared to the peak season.

Dry-cleaning firms charge for two while they clean three clothes during off-season; whereas they charge more for quick service in peak season. Thirdly, price discrimination is also related to the age, sex and status of the customers. Paper Berlin International? Barbers charge less for argument Pacific University of Technology (APU), children’s haircuts. Certain cinema halls in small towns in India admit ladies only at argumentative essay Brandenburg, lower rates. Military personnel in uniform are admitted at concessional rates in certain cinema houses. Fourthly, discrimination is also based on the time of service. Cinema houses at issue The University (Navitas), certain places, like New Delhi, charge half the rates in the morning show than in the afternoon shows.

Fifthly, there is geographical or local discrimination when a monopolist sells in one market at a higher price than in the other market. Lastly, discrimination may he based on the use of the product. Railways charge different rates for different compartments or for different services. Less is charged for the transportation of coal than for argumentative paper International School, bales of what essay College cloth on the same route. State power boards charge low rates for Brandenburg School, industrial use than for domestic consumption of position argument & Innovation (APU) electricity.

Essay # 7. Conditions for Price Discrimination: For price discrimination to exist the following conditions must be satisfied: Price discrimination is possible when there is some degree of market imperfection. The individual seller is argumentative essay Berlin Brandenburg International School, able to divide and keep his market into separate parts only for a essay Anglia Ruskin, if it is imperfect. Customers do not move readily from one market to the other because of ignorance or inertia. (2) Agreement between Rival Sellers: Price discrimination also takes place when the seller of a commodity is a monopolist or when rivals enter into an agreement for the sale of the product at different prices to different customers. This is usually possible in the sale of direct services. A single surgeon may charge a high fee for an operation from a rich patient and a relatively low fee from a poor patient. Lawyers charge from their clients in proportion to the degree of risk or amount of money involved in a law suit.

Price discrimination is argumentative essay paper Brandenburg, possible in the case of services because there is no possibility of resale. (3) Geographical or Tariff Barriers: Discrimination may occur on geographical grounds. The monopolist may discriminate between home and foreign buyers by an university essay School selling at a lower price in the foreign market than in the domestic market. This type of discrimination is known as “dumping”.

It can only be successful if the commodities sold abroad can be prevented from being returned to the home country by tariff restrictions. Sometimes transport costs are so high that they act as a safeguard against essay paper Berlin International, the return of dumped goods. Discrimination is possible when buyers need the same service in connec­tion with differentiated products. Railways charge different rates for the transport of coal and copper. Argumentative Issue? For they know that it is physically impossible for a copper merchant to convert copper into coal for the purpose of transporting it cheaper. It also applies to discrimination based on age, sex, status and income of buyers of argumentative paper International School services. For instance, a rich man cannot become poor for the sake of getting cheap medical facilities. Discrimination also occurs when small manufacturers sell goods made to order. They charge different rates to different buyers depending upon the intensity of their demand for the product.

Shoe makers and tailors charge a high price for the same variety from essay Abingdon those customers who want them earlier than others. For the same variety of argumentative essay Berlin International School shoes and clothes, different buyers are also charged different prices because individual buyers are not in for a essay Ruskin (Navitas), a position to know the price being charged to essay Brandenburg International, others. (6) Artificial Difference between Goods: A monopolist may create artificial difference by presenting the same commodity in different quantities. He may present it under different names and labels, one for the rich and snobbish buyers and the other for of Canberra (Navitas), the ordinary.

Thus he may charge different prices for substantially the same product. A washing soap manufacturer may wrap a small quantity of the soap, give it a separate name and charge a higher price. He may sell it at Rs.20 per kg. as against Rs.18 for the unwrapped soap. (7) Differences in Demand Elasticity: For price discrimination, the demand in the separate markets must be considerably different. Different prices can be charged in separate markets based on differences of elasticity of demand. Low price is charged where demand is more elastic and high price in the market with a less elastic demand. (4) Price Determination under Monopoly Discrimination: Price discrimination occurs when the monopolist divides the argumentative Brandenburg, buyers of his commodity or service into two or more groups and charges a different price to each group. We take the write an university essay Abingdon, case of essay paper Berlin International School a monopolist who sells his commodity in two separate markets. This analysis is based on the following conditions: (i) The aim of the monopolist is to maximise his profits.

He, therefore, produces that output at which his marginal revenue equals marginal cost. Since he sells in two separate markets, he adjusts the quantity such wise in each market that marginal revenues in both markets are equal. Given the marginal cost of The University producing the commodity, the most profitable monopoly output will be determined at essay paper International, a point where the combined marginal revenue of both the markets equals the marginal cost. Or, monopoly profit = MR 1 = MR 2 = MC. If the marginal revenue is write for a Anglia Ruskin (Navitas), greater in market (one) than in market 2 (two), the monopolist will sell less to market 2 and shift this quantity to market 1. This will tend to raise the price in market 2 and argumentative Berlin Brandenburg School, lower it in market 1 up to Ruskin, a point where marginal revenues in Berlin Brandenburg International, the two markets are equal. (ii) The number of buyers in each market is very large and there is perfect competition among them. (iii) There is no possibility of resale from one market to the other. (iv) The monopolist’s demand curve in each market is downward sloping which implies that his monopoly in selling the commodity is well established in the two markets.

(v) Lastly, the most important condition for essay College, price discrimination is that the elasticities of argumentative demand in the two markets must be different. It means that the price charged in write a conclusion Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas), each market must be different from the other. The price will be high in essay paper Berlin Brandenburg School, the market with the less elastic demand and low in the market with the high elastic demand. In the words of Joan Robinson: “The sub-markets will be arranged in ascending order of their elasticities, the highest price being charged in the least elastic market and the lowest price in the most elastic market.” Figure 8 illustrates price and output determination under price discrimination. The monopolist sells his product in two markets, 1 and 2. Market 1 has high elastic demand for the product and market 2 has low elastic demand. Accordingly, the demand curve in market 1 is D 1 and its corresponding marginal revenue curve is MR 1 and in market 2 the corresponding curves are D 2 and MR 2 . Panel of the figure shows MR T , the total marginal revenue curve, drawn by the lateral summation of MR 1 , and MR 2 , curves, and MC is the marginal cost curve.

The point of intersection between the MR T and MC curves at E determines the equilibrium level of undergraduate University output OQ T . The monopolist divides this output between the two markets by equating the marginal cost Q T E with the marginal revenue of each market. Argumentative School? To equal the marginal costs Q T E with MR, and undergraduate Curtin, MR, draw a line EA parallel to the horizontal axis. It cuts MR, at E, and MR, at E 2 which become equilibrium points for the sale of output in each market. Thus, the Brandenburg, quantity sold in market 1 is OQ, and in market 2 it is OQ 2 , so that OQ 1 + OQ 2 equal the total output OQ T . The price in the highly elastic (foreign) market is Q, P, and in argument essay The Asia University of Technology & Innovation, the less elastic (domestic) market Q 2 P 2 and argumentative International, Q 2 P 2 Q 1 P 1 Total profits earned by the discriminating monopolist are MEC. We may conclude that under price discrimination the monopolist sells his product in two separate markets with different elasticities of demand so that he maximises his profits when he sells more at for a essay (Navitas), a lower price in the foreign market with elastic demand and sells less at a higher price in domestic market with less elastic demand. It follows that when marginal revenues equal and paper Berlin Brandenburg, prices differ in the two markets, price discrimination is possible and how to for a Anglia, profitable.

(5) Dumping: International Price Discrimination: Dumping is paper Berlin Brandenburg, international price discrimination in essay writing online, which an exporter firm sells a portion of its output in a foreign market at a very low price and the remaining output at a high price in the home market. The home market is controlled or protected and the foreign market is essay Berlin School, free or open. Heberler defines dumping as: “The sale of goods abroad at a price which is lower than the selling price of the how to an university essay School, same goods at essay paper Brandenburg International, the same time and in the same circumstances at home, taming account of differences in transport costs.” The analysis of price-output determination under dumping assumes that: (a) Total output is not fixed, it can be varied; (b) Marginal revenues must be equal in the two markets, and. (c) The foreign market is perfectly competitive and write Anglia (Navitas), the home market is monopolistic, so that the demand curve facing the monopolistic in the foreign market is perfectly elastic and in the home market less elastic. Given, the above assumptions, price, output will be determined by the equality of the total marginal revenue curve and essay paper International, the marginal cost curve of producing the write an university Abingdon, commodity. Figure 9 illustrates price-output determination under dumping. The foreign market demand curve faced by the monopolist is the horizontal line PD F which is also the MR curve because the foreign market is assumed to be perfectly elastic. The demand curve in the home market with a less elastic demand for argumentative essay paper Berlin International School, the product is the downward sloping curve D H and its corresponding marginal revenue curve is MR^ The lateral summation of the MR H and PD curves leads to the formation of TRED F as the combined marginal revenue curve.

In order to determine the quantity of the product to be produced by the monopolist, we take the marginal cost curve MC which cuts the combined marginal revenue curve TRED F from below at point E. Thus OF output will be produced for sale in undergraduate University Singapore, the two markets. Since EF is the essay paper Brandenburg International, marginal cost, equilibrium in the domestic market will be established at point R where the marginal cost EF equals the MR H curve. Now OH quantity will be sold at HM price in the home market and the remaining quantity HF will be sold in the foreign market at OP price. Thus the monopolist sells more in the foreign market with the more elastic demand at a low price and of Canberra, less in the home market with the less elastic demand at Berlin International, a high price. His total profits are TREC. Essay # 8. Benefits of Price Discrimination: Pigou and John Robinson have analysed the circumstances under which price discrimination is harmful or beneficial to society. In many cases where there is perfect competition or simple monopoly, production of what for college essay Wycliffe a certain commodity is not possible because its average cost curve lies above its demand (AR) curve. But under price discrimination the average cost curve is likely to be below the average revenue curve at some point. Thus, if there were no discrimination, society would be deprived of the use of certain commodities and argumentative essay Brandenburg, services. As emphasised by Mrs.

Robinson: “It may happen, for instance, that a railway would not be built, or a country doctor would not set up in practice, if discrimination were forbidden. From the point of view of society, it is only necessary that the undergraduate Singapore, concern should make sufficient profits to argumentative Berlin Brandenburg International School, maintain the efficiency of the plant, and not a profit which would have been sufficient to justify the original investment.” If a doctor charges a uniform fee to all his patients, his income may be so low as to induce him to leave his private practice and join some hospital. The community is thus deprived of his services in the particular area where he is practising. If, however, he charges more fee to what Wycliffe College, his rich patients than to the ordinarily, his income is likely to be so high as to induce him to stay in that area.

Similarly, the existence of railways depends upon their charging higher rates to argumentative Berlin International School, some customers than to others in the same train. If discrimination occurs under conditions of falling average costs, it is actually beneficial to consumers because it results in larger output for the market. This is illustrated in Figure 10 where D is the issue of Canberra (Navitas), average revenue curve of the discriminating monopolist and d/MR is the ordinary demand curve which becomes the MR curve to the discriminator. The average cost curve AC lies above the market demand curve d throughout its length. So no production is possible at any price on the ordinary d curve. But production is possible under price discrimination because the demand curve D of the discriminating monopolist lies above the downward sloping portion of the AC curve. Equilibrium is essay paper Brandenburg, established at E where MC = MR and the output OQ is produced and sold at QP price and Curtin University Singapore, the discriminator g earns RP profits per essay Brandenburg unit of output. Price discrimination is justified if it helps in promoting economic welfare. How To Write An University Essay Abingdon? Governments usually permit or even encourage price discrimination if it leads to the production of some public utility service, such as telephone, telegraph, or rail transportation. In public utility services, the higher income groups are charged higher prices and the funds so collected may be used to subsidies the goods meant for the poor.

Price discrimination is also beneficial to society for it helps in paper Brandenburg, reducing inequalities of personal incomes when higher prices or fees are charged to the rich than to the poor. In public utility services, the higher price charged to the higher income groups serves as a tool for income redistribution because the government may use these funds to subsidies the lower income groups. Thus price discrimination helps in promoting social warfare. Price discrimination is not only beneficial but is undergraduate coursework Curtin University Singapore, also justified when a country sells a commodity cheaper abroad than at home. If a foreign market is argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg School, elastic, more will be sold at a lower price.

It means expansion in output, the use of larger resources of the economy, more employment and income to the community. Price discrimination of this type proves particularly useful if the industry obeys the law of decreasing costs. It implies the realisation of larger economies of scale, lowering of costs and prices to the home market also. It is possible that without price discrimination the commodity would not have been produced at all. In that case, had it been imported from abroad, it would have cost the what to write Wycliffe, economy more both in pecuniary and real terms. Some of the country’s resources being used for the production of this commodity would have remained idle and instead of receiving income from abroad, its wealth would have floated to the other country. May be, economies of scales could be realised only when the monopolist started producing for the foreign market. Hence price discrimination is justified.

Essay # 9. Harms of Price Discrimination : Price discrimination is, however, harmful to Berlin Brandenburg School, society when it leads to mal-distribution of resources as between different uses with the result that output, employment and how to a conclusion for a Ruskin University (Navitas), income are not maximised. It may lead to the diversion of resources from their socially optimal uses. It leads to argumentative Brandenburg International School, exploitation when people are made to Abingdon School, pay higher prices for smaller quantities. Even on essay International, international plane when price discrimination takes to form of University dumping, it. Deliberately shatters the paper School, economy of the other country by undercutting the issue (Navitas), foreign producers and forcing them to essay paper Berlin Brandenburg International, close their business. Such discrimination is highly undesirable. Essay # 10.

Control and Regulation of Monopoly: There are three methods of controlling and regulating monopoly : First, government may adopt anti-monopoly laws and for a essay, restrictive trade practices legislation. Second, government may either run natural monopolies directly or regulate monopolies by imposing price ceilings. Third, government may regulate monopolies through taxation. Besides, there are certain fears that prevent the monopolist from charging a very high price in order to essay paper Brandenburg International School, earn large super-normal profits.

They are discussed as under. (1) Fear of Potential Rivals. The fear of coursework Singapore potential competitors may prevent a monopolist to charge a very high price to his customers. If he sets a vary high price, he will earn large super-normal profits. Attracted by these monopoly profits, new entrants may force themselves into the monopolised industry. The monopolist, being averse to the entry of new firms, would prefer to charge a reasonable price and thus earn only essay paper Brandenburg International School, a modest profit. (2) Fear of Government Regulation.

The same consideration applies to potential government regula­tion. The monopolist is well aware that charging unusually high prices or earning abnormal profits would attract the undergraduate University Singapore, attention of the government. Rather than risk government regulation, he may voluntarily fix a low price, and earn less monopoly profit. (3) Fear of Nationalisation. The fear of nationalisation also prevents the monopolist to argumentative essay paper International, wield an Singapore absolute monopoly power. If the argumentative Berlin Brandenburg International School, product or service which the monopolist provides is a public utility service, there is every likelihood of the state taking over the monopoly organisation in public interest. This consideration may prevent the monopolist from charging too high a price. (4) Fear of Public Reaction.

The monopolist is also aware of public reaction if he charges a very high price and earns huge profits. Voices may be raised against the monopoly firm in essay Anglia Ruskin University, parliament to press for anti- monopoly legislation. (5) Fear of Boycott. People may even boycott the essay paper Berlin International School, use of monopolised service and start their own service instead. For instance, if in a big city taxi operators combine to position University of Technology & Innovation, charge high rates, people may boycott taxi service and even start operating their own services by forming a cooperative society. Naturally, such a fear compels monopoly firms to charge reasonable prices and earn only nominal profits. (6) Fear of Substitutes. Then there is the fear of substitutes. In fact, the fear of substitutes is the most potent factor which prevents monopoly firms from charging very high prices and thereby earn super-normal profits. The monopoly product has some substitute though it is not a close substitute. Therefore, the fear of the emergence of very close substitutes is always uppermost in the mind of the monopolist which acts as a restraint on his absolute power.

(7) Differences in Elasticities of paper International School Demand. The differences in the short-and long-run elasticities of demand for the monopoly product also limit monopoly power. In the short-run, the monopolist can charge a very high price because customers take time to adjust their habits, tastes and incomes to some other substitutes. The demand for the monopoly product is, therefore, less elastic in the short-run. But in the long-run, the fear of public opinion, emergence of substitutes, government regulations, etc. will force the monopolist to set a low price. He will view his demand curve as elastic, and sell more at a low price.” (i) Control of Monopoly through Legislation: Government tries to control monopoly by anti-monopoly laws and restrictive trade practices legislation. These measures tend to: (i) Remove restrictive trade practices and fixation of high prices; (ii) Reduce the incidence of market-sharing agreements; (Hi) Remove unfair competition; (iv) Restrict the control of very large share of the how to write an university essay, market; (v) Prevent unfair price discrimination; (vi) Restrict mergers in order to avoid market domination; and. (vii) Prohibit exclusive agreements between the producer and retailer to the detriment of other traders.

(ii) Control of Monopoly through Price Regulation: We now take the essay paper Berlin Brandenburg International School, case where the government feels that monopoly price is very high and tries to bring it down by price regulation. To regulate monopoly, the government imposes price ceiling so that monopoly price should be near or equal to competitive price. This is done when the government appoints a regulating authority or commission which fixes a price for the monopoly product below the monopoly price, thereby increasing output and lowering the price for the consumer. This is illustrated in Figure 11. Before the regulation of monopoly price, the monopolist is making PF x OM profits by The Asia of Technology & Innovation (APU) selling OM output at MP (=OA) price. Suppose the state regulatory authority sets the maximum price QK (=OB) at Brandenburg International, the competitive level. The new demand curve facing the monopolist becomes BKD. Its corresponding MR curve becomes BKHMR. Now the monopolist behaves as a perfectly competitive producer. He produces and sells OQ output at point where the MC curve cuts the BKHMR curve from below.

As a result of for a essay Anglia University (Navitas) price regulation, the monopolist increases his output to OQ from OM. He still makes super- normal profits equal to KG x OQ that are smaller than the monopoly profits (PF x OM) at essay paper, the unregulated price MP. If the price regulatory authority fixes the monopoly price WS equal to the average cost where the a conclusion for a University (Navitas), AC curve cuts the D/AR curve at point S, the essay Berlin Brandenburg International School, monopolist would be able to for a essay Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas), place a greater quan­tity of output OW in the market. At this level, the monopolist would earn only normal profits. Berlin Brandenburg International? In such a situation, the monopolist would continue to produce so long as he is getting a fair return on writing online Hurtwood House, his capital investment. But the regulatory authority cannot force him to increase output beyond OW because the monopolist would not be operating at essay paper Berlin Brandenburg School, a loss.

(iii) Control of Monopoly through Taxation: Taxation is another way of controlling monopoly power. The tax may be levied lump-sum without any regard to the output of the online, monopolist. Argumentative Paper Berlin Brandenburg International School? Or, it may be proportional to the output, the amount of tax rising with the increase in output. By levying a lump-sum tax, the government can reduce or even eliminate monopoly profits without affecting either the price or output of the product.

A lump-sum tax imposed on position Pacific University of Technology (APU), the monopoly firm is shown in Figure 12 where AC and MC are the average cost and marginal cost curves before the tax is argumentative paper International School, levied. The monopolist earns APRT super-normal profits by selling OM product at MP Price. The imposition of the lump-sum tax is, in essay online House, fact, a fixed cost to argumentative, the monopoly firm because it is independent of what to write for college output. It, therefore, raises the average cost by the amount of the tax TC so that the AC curve shifts upward as AC ] but the marginal cost remains unaffected. So the imposition of a lump-sum tax has the effect of reducing monopoly profit from APRT to APBC. The entire burden of the argumentative paper Berlin International, tax will be borne by the monopolist himself.

He cannot shift any part of it to his customers at how to write (Navitas), any stage by raising the price and reducing output. Since the monopolist’s marginal cost curve and the marginal revenue curve remain unaffected by the tax imposition, any change in essay paper Berlin Brandenburg, the existing price- output combination would only lead to losses. The government can also reduce monopoly profits by levying a specific or a per unit tax on the monopolist’s product. A per unit tax on monopoly output has the effect of shifting both the average and marginal cost curves upward by the amount of the tax. Figure 13 illustrates this case. AC and MC are the monopoly firm’s average cost and marginal cost curves before the tax imposition. It earns BPGK monopoly profits by selling OM quantity of the product at UP price. Pacific University Of Technology & Innovation (APU)? Suppose a the argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg International, government levies a specific tax which being a variable cost to the monopoly firm tends to writing Hurtwood, shift the cost curves upward to argumentative Brandenburg International School, AC 1 and how to essay School, MC 1 . The monopolist’s new equilibrium point is E 1 where the MC 1 curve cuts the MR curve. The new price is M 1 P 1 MP (the old price) and argumentative Berlin Brandenburg, the output is OM 1 OM (the original output). In this case, the monopolist is able to shift a part of the tax burden to consumers in argumentative issue The University (Navitas), the form of higher price and a smaller output of the product.

Since the monopolist has to bear a portion of the tax burden him, his profits are also reduced from BPGK to RP 1 CF. Such a tax does not help in regulating monopoly price and output. For the higher, the demand elasticity of argumentative essay tax, the argumentative issue The University of Canberra, higher the Brandenburg, price for the product and the lower the output. Essay Online Hurtwood? The ultimate loss will be borne by the public rather than by the monopolist. Welcome to!

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Chapter 14 Outline Ap World History. ******************** AP World History ********************* September 15, 2012 Chapter 14 Outline Introduction: Every year or al least once in argumentative Brandenburg International School, their life, the Muslims must travel to Mecca. This is position essay The Asia Pacific of Technology & Innovation (APU), a holy pilgrim that has been a tradition for the Muslims since Muhammad made the trip. At the beginning the pilgrims to Mecca were made by small amounts of people. However, by the ninth century, thousands of people traveled to Mecca in the 9th lunar month. All these people survived on food and water provided by the government. The Muslim government made a great effort to keep the roads and the cities clean and ready for the travelers. The hajj was not only solemn observance, but it was also an occasion for joy and celebration.

The word Islam means “Submission,” which means obedience to argumentative essay paper Berlin International, the rule of Allah. What Wycliffe! If somebody accepts the essay paper Berlin School, Islamic faith it means that he/she is a Muslim. Undergraduate Coursework Curtin! Even though this belief started with one man, by the end of the eighth century Islam stood alongside the Byzantine Empire. A Prophet and his World: Islam appeared in the Arabian Peninsula, and this religion reflected the cultural conditions of it’s homeland. Living in Arabia has always been hard because of the bad agriculture and the harsh climates. However people have been able to survive for a long time and they built a strong empire that was based upon family and argumentative Berlin Brandenburg International School, submission. Arabia figured out the trading opportunities and took advantage of them. Arabia became an important trading center for India china and the Mediterranean. Plus they started receiving commodities.

With the awake of classical empires, trade routes became insecure. Merchants abandoned the coursework Curtin Singapore, overland routes and they started using sea routes that passed through the Arabian Peninsula. This greatly influenced the economy of the city of Mecca. According to the stories Muhammad received some messages from the argumentative essay Berlin Brandenburg School, Angel Gabriel which told him to argument essay Pacific University & Innovation (APU), convert his family and the world and to give them the message of god. Muhammad presented oral lessons that he passed to his students and the people. However when he dies, his students compiled his teachings in a book called the Quran. Most important after the Quran itself are traditions known as hadith, which include sayings attributed to Muhammad. Muhammad’s Migration to Medina: He first began for converting his family and then the community. Muhammad became popular and essay paper Berlin Brandenburg School, that brought him problems with the ruling elites of to write for college essay Wycliffe College Mecca. Muhammad insisted that Allah was the only god and that there shouldn’t be any other deities to argumentative International, which we pray. The elite also saw him a treat because he said that Allah was going to punish greed.

Because of position & Innovation all the danger in Mecca, Muhammad had to essay Berlin Brandenburg International, fled. He fled and joined a group of his followers in Yathrib, a rival trading city. Muslims called their new city Medina which also means the city of the prophet. In Medina he organized his followers into a community and he provides it with laws and a social code. He looked after the undergraduate coursework Curtin University, economic welfare of his community; he did this by trading or by launching expedition.

Muhammad started to argumentative paper Brandenburg, call himself the final prophet because he was going to at last reveal the message of god to the people. He teach that the Christian god and all the other major gods were the same. All of writing online them were Allah and he also accepted the Jewish and Christian prophets. The Establishment of Islam in Arabia: Even thought they succeeded in Medina, Muhammad and his followers planned on returning to Mecca. In 630 he and his followers attacked Mecca and they conquered the city. They forced the rich to take Allah as their main god and argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg School, they imposed a government dedicated to Allah. They also destroyed the shrines of other deities and they built mosques. In 632 Muhammad made the first pilgrimage to the Ka’ba. The foundations of Islamic faith as elaborated by Muhammad consist of obligations known as the Five Pillars. Added to the Five Pillars the Islamic people must follow the holy law known as the sharia. Argumentative Issue! Through the Sharia, Islam became more than a religious doctrine.

It became a way of life that people must strictly follow. Expansion of Islam: After Muhammad’s dead the argumentative essay paper Berlin Brandenburg International, religion faced a period of instability because he left no predecessor. Some people that had barely been conquered, broke from Islam, took back their independence and they became free again. The University! However, within a short time, the Islamic community built a strong army that expanded its power and conquered many lands that converted into Islamic. These conquests lead the foundation of the rapid growth of Islamic society. The Early Caliphs and argumentative paper Berlin School, the Umayyad Dynasty: Since Muhammad said that he was the last prophet when he died, there could not be another prophet to lead the Islamic society. However, they decided to chose Abu Bakr as deputy.

He was the closest of Muhammad’s friends and essay Pacific of Technology & Innovation (APU), he was one of the most devoted disciples that he had. He was a religious leader, but he was also the Military commander. During the century after Muhammad’s dead they expanded beyond the boundaries of argumentative paper Berlin School Arabia, carrying with them their religion and their authority. Durig this period of time they conquered Persia and Africa. Because of this rapid expansion, the government had problems with governing and administration. It was just too many people to control. Disagreements over the succession lead to the emergence of the essay Pacific (APU), Shia sect, which wanted Ali and his successors to caliphs.

The Shia survived because they created different rituals and paper, they appointed different holydays. The Shia Muslims also made changes in essay, the Quran in essay paper Berlin School, order to support the party’s views. Write A Conclusion Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas)! The Abbasid Dynasty: Rebellion in Persia brought the Umayyad dynasty to an end. The chief leader of the rebellion was Abu, he was a descendant of Muhammad’s uncle. Even though he was a Sunni Muslim, he allied himself with other Muslims in order to convert people from the Mediterranean. The Umayyad didn’t want to surrender to the Abu. One day Abu invited the rich, influential men to a banquet to make peace. However, during the banquet they were arrested and murdered. After they were killed Abu founded the Abbasid dynasty. This dynasty was more cosmopolitan than the previous dynasty.

Instead of argumentative Brandenburg conquering new lands, the Abbasids largely contented themselves with administering the empire they inherited. The high point of the Abbasid dynasty came during the reign of Harun. This king provided with liberal support for artists and writer, and The University (Navitas), he distributed money and wealth to the poor people. After the argumentative paper Brandenburg International, death of the emperor, the Abbasid Empire declined. This was due to the conflicts of succession. At the argumentative issue of Canberra (Navitas), end the Mongols extinguished the already weakened empire in 1258. Economy and Society of the Early Islamic World: As in argumentative paper School, other agricultural societies the farmers worked in the land while the merchants stayed at the city and feed themselves with the food that the farmers produced. The creation of empires had dramatic implications and results.

For instance, the Abbasid Empire created a zone of The Asia Pacific of Technology & Innovation trade, exchange of ideas, and argumentative Brandenburg International School, a communicating route. The Asia Pacific Of Technology & Innovation (APU)! New Crops, Agricultural Experimentation, and argumentative, Urban Growth: As the soldiers, merchants, administrators and the population traveled to argumentative (Navitas), other parts of the world, they encounter different animals, plants and essay Brandenburg, cultures. Then they brought those ideas and teach them to the people of their empire. The introduction of new crops to the west had many positive effects for the economy. New food crops led to a richer and more varied diet. They also increased quantities of food and some plants, such as cotton, were used to make a profit. Travel and communication in the dar al-Islam also encouraged experimentation with agricultural methods.

The cultivators copied systems of irrigation and techniques that would help them produce more food. The increase of agricultural production contributed to write essay Abingdon School, the rapid growth of the empire. Paper manufacture appeared in the Islamic cities during the Abbasid era. Chinese people made paper since the first century B. C. however with the diffusion, the paper techniques spread to Islamic world around 751 B. C. The Formation of a Hemispheric trading Zone: From its earliest days Islamic society drew much of its prosperity from commerce. Muhammad was a merchant, and he held merchants in high stem. According to argumentative essay paper Brandenburg International School, early accounts of his life Muhammad said that merchants would stand alongside martyrs to the faith on the Day of Judgment. By the time of the position argument essay The Asia Pacific of Technology (APU), Abbasid Empire, trade networks linked all the regions of the Islamic world and joined it to argumentative, a larger hemispheric economy. Arab and Persian mariner borrowed the essay writing Hurtwood, compass from its Chinese inventors and used it to guide them on the high seas. From Southeast Asian and Indian mariners, they borrowed the lateen sail, a triangular sail that increased a ship’s mobility.

They established multiple branches that honored letters of credit known as Sakk drawn on the parent bank. Argumentative Paper Brandenburg International School! Trade benefited also from techniques of business organization. As a result of essay writing online Hurtwood House improved transportation, expanded banking services, and refined techniques of business organization, long-distance trade surged in essay Brandenburg, the early Islamic world. They brought many things such as silk and spices form far away. The Changing Status of how to a conclusion for a Anglia Ruskin University Women: There was a patriarchal society even before Muhammad’s time. However, Arab women enjoyed right that women in other parts could never dream of. Essay Paper Brandenburg International! For instance, they could legally inherit property, divorce husbands, and engage in business ventures. However, in some respects the Quran enhanced the security of women in Arabian society.

It portrayed women equal to men in the eyes of Allah. However, the Quran and later the Sharia reinforced male dominance. They recognized descend trough the male line. Even though they teach that women should be treated with delicacy and respect, it allowed men to how to an university, have up to four wives, whereas women could only essay paper Berlin Brandenburg, have one husband. The veiling of women was not originally a tradition of the Muslims. This tradition came from the Byzantine and Sasanid Empires. Write A Conclusion Anglia Ruskin (Navitas)! At the essay paper Brandenburg International School, beginning women had many rights stated in the Quran, however as time passed, the scholars modified the Quran and they took away the rights of women. Islamic Values and cultural Exchanges: The Quran has served as the write a conclusion essay Anglia Ruskin University (Navitas), cornerstone of the Islamic society.

The Quran established a flexible and argumentative International, powerful medium of communication. Even today the Muslims believe that the Quran is the only reliable scripture, translations as not as powerful as the original one. Muslims missionaries spread Goad’s message, but they allowed the people to still practice their old religions or beliefs. The foundation of an Islamic Cultural Tradition: The Muslims scholars studied the Quran and stories about Muhammad in order to create moral guidelines appropriate for their society. Formal institutions helped promote Islamic values. Many mosques maintained schools that provided elementary education and religious instruction, and wealthy Muslims sometimes established schools and provided endowments for their support. By the how to write an university Abingdon School, tenth century institutions of higher education known as Madrasas appeared.

Muslim rulers supported the Madrasas because they had interest in recruiting literate and learned students with an advanced education in Islamic theology and law for administrative position. Essay Brandenburg! Sufis also appeared. Sufis were especially effective as missionaries because they emphasized devotion to Allah above mastery of doctrine. Islam and Curtin, the Cultural Traditions of Persia and the Cultural Traditions of Persia, India, and Greece: As the Islamic community expanded, the argumentative essay Berlin International, people started interacting with people from write for a University (Navitas), other societies, especially with Persia, India, and Greece. Persian traditions quickly found a place in Islamic society, since the culturally rich land of Persia fell under Islamic rule. Persian Influence was as noticeable in literary works from the Abbasid dynasty.

While Arabic served as the language of argumentative International School religion, theology, philosophy, and law, Persian was the principal language of how to essay University (Navitas) literature, poetry, history, and political reflection. Chapter Summary (taken from AP textbook) The religion of Islam emerged on the Arabian Peninsula in Brandenburg School, the seventh century C. Essay Writing! E. as a result of the vision and argumentative essay, the teachings of Muhammad. His message attracted a rapidly expanding circle of devout believers, known as Muslims. After Muhammad’s death, Arab conquerors spread the word of Islam throughout a vast territory extending from the Indus River to essay Wycliffe College, the Iberian Peninsula within one century. Berlin Brandenburg! This rapid expansion of Islam contributed to the development of essay a massive trade and communication network in which goods and ideas spread freely. The realm of argumentative essay paper Berlin International Islam became one of the most prosperous and cosmopolitan societies of the postclassical world.

This new society was characterized by, strong commitment to the monotheistic belief system, resting on the Five Pillars of Islam, first articulated by Muhammad and write a conclusion for a essay Ruskin (Navitas), later elaborated on by scholars and mystics. Also, the development of overland and maritime trade and communication routes that facilitated the spread of new crops, trade goods, and ideas, from improved techniques in agriculture to the writings of the classical Greek philosophers. Engagement with and sometimes adoption of various cultural traditions encountered by the far-flung realm and argumentative paper Brandenburg School, its trade contacts, helped the country. Hence elements of Persian, Indian, Christian, and Greek cultures found their place into Islamic society and thought. Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable and issue The University, the purpose of existence is to love and serve God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many times and places before, including through Abraham, Moses and Jesus, whom they consider prophets. They maintain that previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over argumentative essay paper Brandenburg time, but consider the Qur’an to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God.

Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, providing guidance on multifarious topics from banking and welfare, to warfare and the environment. The Pillars of Islam are five basic acts in Islam, considered obligatory for all believers. Position Argument Essay The Asia Pacific & Innovation (APU)! The Quran presents them as a framework for worship and a sign of commitment to argumentative essay Berlin School, the faith. They are (1) the shahadah (creed), (2) daily prayers (salat), (3) almsgiving (zakah), (4) fasting during Ramadan and (5) the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) at least once in essay House, a lifetime. The Shia and Sunni sects both agree on the essential details for essay paper, the performance of these acts. Haven’t found what you want?

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