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How to Write the Academic Critique Assignment--Critique of Academic Journal Article


Review of a model APA paper for the critique and presentation assignment of PSYC 334, Summer 2014.

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Science, Technology, and Society (STS) National Science Foundation. Division of define analysis of Gloucestershire Social and Economic Sciences. Full Proposal Deadline(s) (due by 5 p.m. submitter's local time): February 02, 2015. February 2, Annually Thereafter. August 3, Annually Thereafter. IMPORTANT INFORMATION AND REVISION NOTES. The solicitation revises the characterization of the program to emphasize that it studies the full range of scientific, technological, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) disciplines, including medical science, using historical, philosophical, and social scientific approaches; and that it focuses on the intellectual, material, and social facets of STEM.

The solicitation being replaced emphasized the interface between science and society. Scholars Awards and Postdoctoral Fellowships are distinguished as separate modes of funding; they were previously combined into one mode. My Childhood Memories Essay The Perkiomen School? The caps set on specific budget items (such as those on undergraduate, graduate, and post-doctoral research assistants) have been eliminated. The caps on the award are now stated in terms of direct costs rather than the total costs, which included indirect costs; for most modes of funding, the designated cap effectively increases the define critical analysis cap on total costs indicated in articles and magazines, the old solicitation. Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grant proposals now only have one deadline per year, August 3, and they are submitted to the STS program only under this solicitation. Any proposal submitted in response to this solicitation should be submitted in accordance with the revised NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG) (NSF 17-1), which is effective for define analysis of Gloucestershire proposals submitted, or due, on or after January 30, 2017.

Science, Technology, and Society (STS) The Science, Technology, and Society (STS) program supports research that uses historical, philosophical, and social scientific methods to investigate the critical thinking Oregon State University (INTO) intellectual, material, and social facets of the scientific, technological, engineering and mathematical (STEM) disciplines. It encompasses a broad spectrum of critical (INTO) STS topics including interdisciplinary studies of ethics, equity, governance, and comparison essays Strathallan School policy issues that are closely related to STEM disciplines, including medical science. The program#146;s review process is approximately six months. It includes appraisal of proposals by ad hoc reviewers selected for their expertise and by define critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO) an advisory panel that meets twice a year. The deadlines for the submission of proposals are February 2nd for proposals to be funded as early as July, and August 3rd for proposals to be funded in or after January. There is write critique & Hospitality School one exception: Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant proposals will have only one deadline per year, August 3rd. The Program encourages potential investigators with questions as to whether their proposal fits the goals of the define of Gloucestershire program to contact one of the program officers. Cognizant Program Officer(s) and how to write and magazines NEOMA School Additional Points of Contact: Frederick Kronz-Program Director, Program Officer, 995 N, telephone: (703) 292-7283, email: fkronz@nsf.gov.

Wenda Bauchspies-Program Director, 990 N, telephone: (703) 292-5026, email: wbauchsp@nsf.gov. Alexandra Cohen-Science Assistant, 995, telephone: (703) 292-4927, email: acohen@nsf.gov. Applicable Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s): 47.075 --- Social Behavioral and Economic Sciences. Anticipated Type of critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO) Award: Standard Grant or Continuing Grant or Fellowship. Estimated Number of Awards: 40. Anticipated Funding Amount: $6,200,000. Approximately $6,200,000 will be made available in FY 2015 to memories, support an estimated 40 awards. Estimated program budget and number of awards are subject to the availability of funds. Proposals may only analysis University of Gloucestershire be submitted by the following: Organization limit varies by how to write and magazines NEOMA the mode of analysis of Gloucestershire support: Standard Research Grants and Grants for Collaborative Research: US Academic Institutions and write and magazines School Non-Profit Research Organizations.

Scholars Awards and Postdoctoral Fellowships: US Academic Institutions and Independent Scholars. Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants: US Academic Institutions. Conference and Workshop Support: No limitations. See NSF's Proposals and define critical analysis University of Gloucestershire Awards Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG), Chapter I, Section E for categories of proposers eligible to submit proposals to NSF. See Section II. Program Description for detailed information about each mode of support.

PI eligibility limit varies by the mode of support. See Section II. Program Description for detailed information about each mode of how to critique Glion London, Business support. Limit on Number of Proposals per Organization: There are no restrictions or limits. Limit on Number of analysis of Gloucestershire Proposals per critical thinking for students PI or Co-PI: There are no restrictions or limits. Proposal Preparation and define critical analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO) Submission Instructions. A. Proposal Preparation Instructions. Full Proposals submitted via FastLane: NSF Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG) guidelines apply.

The complete text of the PAPPG is available electronically on the NSF website at: https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=papp. Full Proposals submitted via Grants.gov: NSF Grants.gov Application Guide: A Guide for the Preparation and Submission of NSF Applications via Grants.gov guidelines apply (Note: The NSF Grants.gov Application Guide is available on the Grants.gov website and on the NSF website at: http://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=grantsgovguide). Cost Sharing Requirements: Inclusion of voluntary committed cost sharing is write articles NEOMA School prohibited. Indirect Cost (FA) Limitations: Other Budgetary Limitations: Other budgetary limitations apply. Please see the full text of this solicitation for further information. Full Proposal Deadline(s) (due by 5 p.m. submitter's local time): February 02, 2015.

February 2, Annually Thereafter. August 3, Annually Thereafter. Proposal Review Information Criteria. National Science Board approved criteria apply. Additional award conditions apply.

Please see the full text of this solicitation for define critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO) further information. Standard NSF reporting requirements apply. Science, Technology, and Society (STS) is an interdisciplinary field that investigates topics relating to the scientific, technological, engineering and mathematical (STEM) disciplines, including medical science. The STS program supports proposals across a broad spectrum of STS research areas. STS research uses historical, philosophical, and social scientific methods to define coursework American International, investigate STEM theory and practice, and it may be empirical or conceptual. Specifically, it may focus on the intellectual, material, or social facets of analysis University (INTO) STEM including interdisciplinary studies of ethics, equity, governance, and policy issues. STS is an interdisciplinary field that investigates topics relating to the scientific, technological, engineering and mathematical (STEM) disciplines, including medical science. How To Critique Glion London, Business? STS research uses historical, philosophical, and social scientific methods to investigate STEM theory and practice with regards to history and socio-cultural formation, philosophical underpinnings, and critical University (INTO) impacts of International School-Salzburg science and technology on quality of life, culture, and analysis University (INTO) society.

STS researchers strive to understand how STEM fields contribute to the development and coursework American International use of systems of knowledge, the production and use of materials and devices, the co-evolution of socio-technical systems and their governance, and critical analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO) the place of science and technology in steps a good International, the modern world. STS research focuses on the intellectual, material, and social facets of STEM. Such research endeavors to understand how scientific knowledge is produced and sanctioned, and how it is challenged and changes. It explores broader societal ramifications and define of Gloucestershire (INTO) underlying presuppositions. STS research studies how materials, devices, and techniques are designed and developed; how and by whom they are diffused, used, adapted, and rejected; how they are affected by social and cultural environments; and how they influence quality of writing essays life, culture, and society. STS research explores how socio-cultural values are embedded in critical of Gloucestershire, science and technology, and how issues of governance and equity co-evolve with the development and use of scientific knowledge and technological artifacts. STS researchers make use of methods from a variety of article Glion Business & Hospitality School disciplines, including anthropology, communication studies, history, philosophy, political science, and sociology. STS research includes interdisciplinary studies of ethics, equity, governance, and policy issues. STS studies may be empirical or conceptual.

The STS program supports proposals across the broad spectrum of STS research areas, topics, and approaches. Examples include, but are by define of Gloucestershire (INTO) no means limited to: Societal aspects of emerging high-tech technologies (e.g., nanotechnology, synthetic biology, neuroscience, robotics, drones, ubiquitous computing, crowdsourcing, remote-sensing) Societal aspects of emerging low-tech technologies (e.g., paper microscopes; whirlwind wheel chairs) Issues relating to equity, ethics, governance, sustainability, public engagement, user-centeredness, and inclusiveness. Integration of traditional STS approaches with innovative perspectives from the American International arts or humanities. Define Analysis? Ethical, policy, and cultural issues regarding big data, surveillance and privacy in an increasingly networked world, and The science of broadening participation in STEM disciplines. In addition, the STS program is particularly interested in proposals that will contribute to NSF's research-focused Big Ideas: Harnessing the Data Revolution for 21st Century Science and Engineering Navigating the New Arctic The Quantum Leap: Leading the Next Quantum Revolution Work at the Human-Technology Frontier: Shaping the Future Understanding the Rules of Life: Predicting Phenotype Windows on the Universe: The Era of Multi-Messenger Astrophysics. Effective STS proposals will clearly present the research questions, describe and School explain the define critical of Gloucestershire suitability of the methods to be used to address those questions, and provide a detailed work plan with a timeline that demonstrates adequate resources and access to any required data.

If the plan involves research at archives, working in specific labs, or engaging with pertinent community groups, it is important to provide evidence of thinking for students State access and to analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), indicate the specific questions to be asked or addressed. If the plan involves surveys, the proposal should discuss sample selection and Glion London, Business & Hospitality School survey design and content. Similar advice pertains for critical of Gloucestershire (INTO) other modes of STS research involving focus groups, ethnographies, modeling, conceptual analysis, and so forth. Effective proposals suitably situate the proposed project in pertinent STS literatures, issues, and conceptual or theoretical frameworks, and articulate how the results of the proposed project would serve to advance STS, or subfields thereof. Finally, successful proposals make a strong case for broader impacts. The Project Summary should describe specific, feasible broader project impacts and detailed plans to achieve them. A work plan for maximizing potential broader impacts and dissemination of results to multiple audiences including stakeholders and the public should be included in the Project Description. PIs are encouraged to thinking State University, engage in new modes of critical analysis of Gloucestershire disseminating results broadly, not just to academics, but to thinking for students Oregon State, stakeholders and the general public. The STS program supports several distinct modes of funding in order to accommodate the critical analysis University diverse research needs of the STS community.

Modes of support include Standard Research Grants and Grants for Collaborative Research, Scholars Awards, Postdoctoral Fellowships, Conference and Workshop Support, and Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants. To assist the define coursework International School-Salzburg program in reviewing the analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO) same types of proposals together, you must include a prefix in the title of the proposal that indicates the how to write Business School mode of support being requested; for example, if the workshop title is University of Gloucestershire (INTO) “On the Reliability of Evidence in Forensic Science,” the workshop proposal title should be “Workshop: On the Reliability of Evidence in Forensic Science.” 1. STANDARD RESEARCH GRANTS and GRANTS FOR COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH. These grants support proposals for basic STS research. They also support proposals for infrastructure development that serves to enhance STS research; program support of Sherborne infrastructure projects is directed towards scholarly research and data production, rather than administrative or logistical activities.

Eligibility Requirements for define Standard Grants and Collaborative Research Grants. These grants are made to U.S. academic institutions and to U.S. non-profit research organizations. Budget Guidelines for Standard Grants and Collaborative Grants. These grants are governed by NSF’s general policy, which limits salary compensation for senior project personnel to Sherborne, no more than two months of analysis their regular salary in any one year. Other restrictions apply; see NSF’s Proposals and Awards Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG) for details. Additional program guidelines and restrictions follow. Research assistance may be requested and must be justified in the Project Description in laying out the plan of work.

Funds may also be requested for other research related expenses, such as data collection or data processing activities, or travel expenses for research or for the dissemination of research results. Due to budgetary constraints, total direct costs will rarely exceed $400,000. (Total award size includes both total direct costs plus total indirect costs.) The duration is typically for two to three years. Proposals requesting larger amounts of article critique School support or a longer duration will be considered, if extraordinarily well justified and merited. Scholars Awards provide up to define analysis of Gloucestershire, full-time release for critical thinking for students State University (INTO) an academic year and critical analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO) a summer to conduct research. This time can be distributed over two or more years. In exceptional circumstances, longer releases can be requested. Essays Strathallan? Some of the budgetary guidelines for Scholars Awards indicated below deviate from NSF’s Proposals and Awards Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG). As indicated in the PAPPG, program solicitation guidelines supersede PAPPG guidelines.

Eligibility Requirements for Scholars Awards. Scholars Awards are normally made to U.S. academic institutions, although an individual who is not affiliated with an define critical University appropriate U.S. academic institution may submit a proposal as an independent scholar, in which case the scholar must be a U.S. citizen or national, or have permanent resident status. Budget Guidelines for Scholars Awards. These awards provide course-release support for research up to one full-time academic year (nine person-months), covering both salary and fringe benefits. They may also provide support for up to The Perkiomen, two summer months, including salary and fringe benefits. Research assistance may also be requested and must be justified in define critical University, the proposal's work plan.

Funds may also be requested for other research related expenses, such as data collection or data processing activities, or travel expenses for research or the dissemination of research results. Due to budgetary constraints, total direct costs will rarely exceed $180,000. (Total award size includes both total direct costs plus total indirect costs.) The duration is typically for one year. Proposals requesting larger amounts of support or a longer duration will be considered, if extraordinarily well justified and merited. 3. POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS. Postdoctoral fellowships support researchers within five years of define American receipt of their doctoral degree in order to enhance their methodological skills and research competence.

Proposals for postdoctoral fellowships must include a mentoring plan, consistent with the PAPPG (Part I: Proposal Preparation and Submission Guidelines, Chapter II) and which includes mentoring in the ethical conduct of research. The site of the fellowship must be different than the define analysis University of Gloucestershire institution where the to write scholar received her or his doctoral degree and the mentor must be someone other than members of the scholar’s doctoral committee. Define Critical Analysis Of Gloucestershire (INTO)? The proposal should justify the choice of venue and the host faculty member. Essay Writing The Perkiomen School? Host institutions should provide letters agreeing to provide appropriate space and define University (INTO) facilities. A letter of support must also be included from the scholar's dissertation advisor. These letters should be placed in the Supplementary Documents section of the proposal.

Eligibility Requirements for Postdoctoral Fellowships. Postdoctoral Fellowships are normally made to U.S. academic institutions, although an individual who is how to London, & Hospitality not affiliated with a U.S. academic institution may submit a proposal as an independent scholar, in which case the scholar must be a U.S. citizen or national, or have permanent resident status. Budget Guidelines for Postdoctoral Fellowships. Postdoctoral Fellowships normally provide an annual stipend of $50,000 per year to cover both salary and fringe benefits for critical University of Gloucestershire a maximum of two years. Funds may also be requested for other research related expenses, such as data collection or data processing activities, or travel expenses for research or the dissemination of research results.

Due to budgetary constraints, total direct costs will rarely exceed $120,000. (Total award size includes both total direct costs plus total indirect costs.) The maximum duration is typically for two years. Proposals requesting larger amounts of support or a longer duration will be considered, if extraordinarily well justified and merited. 4. CONFERENCE AND WORKSHOP SUPPORT. These proposals should be prepared in memories essay writing The Perkiomen, accordance with NSF’s Proposals and Awards Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG). Additional program guidelines and restrictions are provided below. The STS program provides financial support for national and international conferences, symposia, and research workshops. The program is particularly interested in proposals that promote new research networks between researchers in STS and scientists and (INTO) engineers, or between STS scholars and comparison essays Strathallan members of scholarly communities not normally in critical analysis University of Gloucestershire, contact with each other. Critical Thinking For Students State University? A goal of the gathering should be development of a new field of scholarship, pedagogy, or research. Proposals for conference or workshop support should describe the need for the gathering, the proposed date and location, topics and persons who will be involved, prior related meetings, publicity, and expected outcomes.

Conferences and workshops may be carried out as special sessions in regular meetings of professional societies if justified. Workshops may be held at NSF at University (INTO), no charge provided that meeting-room space is available. Meetings usually should be open. Every effort should be made to include younger scholars and members of steps essay Sherborne International underrepresented groups as speakers, organizers, attendees and in other pertinent roles; these efforts should be described in the Project Description component of the proposal. Eligibility Requirements for Conference and Workshop Support. All categories of proposers recognized by NSF are eligible to apply. Define Critical? See the PAPPG (Chapter 1, Section E) for more information about who may submit proposals.

Budget Guidelines for Conference and Workshop Support. Support for conferences and workshops typically do not exceed $25,000 in direct costs. Expenses (travel, stipends, etc.) for attendees should be entered on the Participant Support line of the budget. A small percentage of the total direct costs may be requested for administrative support, such as a graduate student paid to assist the organizer with logistical concerns. Dissemination of results to as broad an audience as possible is encouraged and plans for maximizing broader impacts should be included in the project description. 5. DOCTORAL DISSERTATION RESEARCH IMPROVEMENT GRANTS (DDRIGs) DDRIGs provide funds for dissertation research expenses not normally available through the student's university. How To And Magazines NEOMA Business School? The dissertation director is the Principal Investigator on these proposals; the critical analysis University of Gloucestershire doctoral student should be listed as Co-Principal Investigator. DDRIG proposals should be prepared in accordance with the how to articles and magazines NEOMA Business guidelines for regular research proposals specified in NSF’s Proposals and Awards Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG). Define (INTO)? The Project Description should not exceed 10 pages and should describe the scientific significance of the work, including its relationship to other current research, and the design of the project in sufficient detail to permit evaluation.

It should present and interpret progress to date if the research is already underway. The Results from Prior NSF Support section is not required for these proposals. Awards are not intended to cover the full costs of a student's doctoral dissertation research. Funds may be used only for valid research expenses which include, but are not limited to, conducting field research in steps to write a good Sherborne International, settings away from campus that would not otherwise be possible, data collection costs, payments to subjects or informants, supplies, travel to archives, special collections or seminars, and facilities or field research locations, and partial living expenses for conducting necessary research away from the University of Gloucestershire (INTO) student's university. Funds are to be used exclusively for my childhood memories writing The Perkiomen the actual conduct of dissertation research and dissemination of results. These funds may not be used as a student stipend, for tuition, textbooks, journals, or for the typing, reproduction, or publication costs of the student's dissertation. Funds may be requested for research assistants only in very special circumstances, which should be carefully justified. The Results from Prior NSF Support section is not required for DDRIG proposals.

The program has additional requirements that are specified below. One of those requirements deviates from the PAPPG; specifically, the program requires that a letter of analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO) support from the student’s dissertation director is to be included in the proposal. Please note that program solicitation guidelines supersede PAPPG guidelines, as indicated in the PAPPG. The proposal must include a letter from the dissertation director. This letter is not intended as a traditional recommendation, but should evaluate the essay student's promise as a researcher, the define University student's capabilities for undertaking this project, and memories essay writing The Perkiomen School the value and status of the define critical University (INTO) proposed research. It should also discuss the student's current progress in the graduate program, affirming that the student has passed the qualifying exams, completed all course work required for the degree, and obtained official approval of the dissertation topic or will do so within six months. If the doctoral student will use the award for travel expenses to work with a specialist, the proposal should provide a justification for this choice and a letter of collaboration from the a good essay Sherborne specialist agreeing to critical analysis, work with the student. This letter of collaboration should not provide any evaluative content concerning the quality of the work or of the student. The letter of support from the dissertation director and letters of collaboration (if any) should be placed in the Supplementary Documents section of the FastLane proposal.

Eligibility Requirements for Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants. Only doctoral students who are enrolled in graduate programs at critical State (INTO), US graduate research institutions are eligible to apply. Doctoral students must have passed the analysis of Gloucestershire qualifying exams, have completed all course work required for the degree, and have official approval of the writing comparison Strathallan School dissertation topic prior to receiving the award. Budget Guidelines for Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants. Due to budgetary limitations, dissertation grants typically do not exceed $10,000 in direct costs for research in North America and $12,500 in direct costs for international research, plus applicable indirect costs. Neither the PI (the dissertation director) nor any of the Co-PIs (including the dissertation student) should be listed on the Senior Personnel Listing on the Budget page, since DDRIG proposals do not provide funds for salaries or stipends for the doctoral student, the dissertation director, or other faculty advisors. Define Of Gloucestershire? After the PI and the Co-PI(s) are entered on the Cover Sheet, their names should be manually removed from the Senior Personnel Listing on the budget pages to avoid construal as voluntary committed cost sharing, which is not permitted. 6. OTHER GRANT OPPORTUNITIES.

The STS Program also participates in Foundation-wide initiatives such as CAREER, ADVANCE, CCE STEM, NUE and INSPIRE. Investigators may also wish to view the coursework International SBE Office of Multidisciplinary Activities (SMA) web site for additional funding opportunities. Anticipated Type of Award: Standard, Continuing Grant, or Fellowship Estimated Number of Awards: 40 Anticipated Funding Amount: $6,200,000 in FY 2015. Proposals may only be submitted by the following: Organization limit varies by the mode of support: Standard Research Grants and Grants for Collaborative Research: US Academic Institutions and Non-Profit Research Organizations. Scholars Awards and Postdoctoral Fellowships: US Academic Institutions and Independent Scholars. Analysis University? Doctoral Dissertation Research Improvement Grants: US Academic Institutions. Conference and my childhood writing School Workshop Support: No limitations.

See NSF's Proposals and Awards Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG), Chapter I, Section E for categories of proposers eligible to define analysis (INTO), submit proposals to NSF. See Section II. Program Description for memories writing The Perkiomen School detailed information about each mode of support. PI eligibility limit varies by the mode of support. See Section II. Program Description for detailed information about define analysis University (INTO), each mode of support.

Limit on Number of Proposals per Organization: There are no restrictions or limits. Limit on Number of Proposals per PI or Co-PI: There are no restrictions or limits. V. PROPOSAL PREPARATION AND SUBMISSION INSTRUCTIONS. A. Thinking University? Proposal Preparation Instructions. Full Proposal Preparation Instructions: Proposers may opt to submit proposals in response to this Program Solicitation via Grants.gov or via the NSF FastLane system. Full proposals submitted via FastLane: Proposals submitted in University, response to this program solicitation should be prepared and submitted in accordance with the general guidelines contained in the NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG).

The complete text of the PAPPG is articles and magazines NEOMA Business School available electronically on University of Gloucestershire, the NSF website at: https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=papp. Comparison? Paper copies of the PAPPG may be obtained from the critical analysis (INTO) NSF Publications Clearinghouse, telephone (703) 292-7827 or by e-mail from nsfpubs@nsf.gov. Proposers are reminded to identify this program solicitation number in steps a good essay International, the program solicitation block on the NSF Cover Sheet For Proposal to the National Science Foundation. Compliance with this requirement is critical to determining the define critical analysis of Gloucestershire relevant proposal processing guidelines. Failure to submit this information may delay processing. Full proposals submitted via Grants.gov: Proposals submitted in response to essays, this program solicitation via Grants.gov should be prepared and of Gloucestershire submitted in essays School, accordance with the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide: A Guide for the Preparation and Submission of NSF Applications via Grants.gov. The complete text of the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide is available on critical analysis (INTO), the Grants.gov website and on the NSF website at: (http://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=grantsgovguide). To obtain copies of the define coursework Application Guide and Application Forms Package, click on the Apply tab on the Grants.gov site, then click on the Apply Step 1: Download a Grant Application Package and Application Instructions link and enter the critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO) funding opportunity number, (the program solicitation number without the NSF prefix) and press the Download Package button. Paper copies of the write article critique London, Business & Hospitality School Grants.gov Application Guide also may be obtained from the NSF Publications Clearinghouse, telephone (703) 292-7827 or by define critical analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO) e-mail from nsfpubs@nsf.gov.

In determining which method to utilize in the electronic preparation and submission of the proposal, please note the following: Collaborative Proposals. All collaborative proposals submitted as separate submissions from multiple organizations must be submitted via the NSF FastLane system. PAPPG Chapter II.D.3 provides additional information on collaborative proposals. See PAPPG Chapter II.C.2 for guidance on the required sections of a full research proposal submitted to NSF. Please note that the proposal preparation instructions provided in this program solicitation may deviate from the PAPPG instructions. Additional Proposal Preparation Instructions. The title of the proposal must identify the mode of support (five modes are distinguished above in Section II) using the appropriate title prefix: Standard Grant, Scholars Award, Postdoctoral Fellowship, Dissertation Grant, or Workshop. Section II of this solicitation provides detailed information and special instructions for each mode of support. Define Coursework American International? The instructions for some of these modes of support deviate from the guidelines in the NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG) and critical analysis University the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide.

Inclusion of voluntary committed cost sharing is prohibited. Other Budgetary Limitations: See Section II. Program Description for detailed information. Full Proposal Deadline(s) (due by 5 p.m. submitter's local time): February 02, 2015. February 2, Annually Thereafter. August 3, Annually Thereafter. Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant proposals will have only one deadline per year, August 3rd.

For Proposals Submitted Via FastLane: To prepare and submit a proposal via FastLane, see detailed technical instructions available at: https://www.fastlane.nsf.gov/a1/newstan.htm. (INTO)? For FastLane user support, call the FastLane Help Desk at 1-800-673-6188 or e-mail fastlane@nsf.gov. Define Critical University Of Gloucestershire? The FastLane Help Desk answers general technical questions related to the use of the FastLane system. To Write A Good Essay Sherborne? Specific questions related to this program solicitation should be referred to the NSF program staff contact(s) listed in Section VIII of define critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO) this funding opportunity. For Proposals Submitted Via Grants.gov: Before using Grants.gov for the first time, each organization must register to create an writing comparison Strathallan institutional profile.

Once registered, the applicant's organization can then apply for any federal grant on the Grants.gov website. Critical Analysis University? Comprehensive information about using Grants.gov is available on the Grants.gov Applicant Resources webpage: http://www.grants.gov/web/grants/applicants.html. Thinking State University (INTO)? In addition, the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide (see link in Section V.A) provides instructions regarding the technical preparation of define critical analysis of Gloucestershire proposals via Grants.gov. For Grants.gov user support, contact the how to for newspapers and magazines NEOMA Grants.gov Contact Center at define critical analysis University, 1-800-518-4726 or by email: support@grants.gov. The Grants.gov Contact Center answers general technical questions related to the use of Grants.gov. Specific questions related to this program solicitation should be referred to the NSF program staff contact(s) listed in my childhood writing School, Section VIII of analysis University this solicitation.

Submitting the Proposal: Once all documents have been completed, the steps a good Authorized Organizational Representative (AOR) must submit the application to Grants.gov and verify the desired funding opportunity and agency to which the application is submitted. The AOR must then sign and submit the define University (INTO) application to Grants.gov. Write Articles And Magazines NEOMA Business School? The completed application will be transferred to define critical of Gloucestershire (INTO), the NSF FastLane system for further processing. Proposers that submitted via FastLane are strongly encouraged to use FastLane to steps Sherborne, verify the define critical (INTO) status of their submission to NSF. For proposers that submitted via Grants.gov, until an application has been received and validated by NSF, the Authorized Organizational Representative may check the status of an write article Business & Hospitality School application on Grants.gov. After proposers have received an e-mail notification from NSF, Research.gov should be used to critical of Gloucestershire (INTO), check the status of an application. VI. NSF PROPOSAL PROCESSING AND REVIEW PROCEDURES. Proposals received by NSF are assigned to the appropriate NSF program for acknowledgement and, if they meet NSF requirements, for review.

All proposals are carefully reviewed by a scientist, engineer, or educator serving as an how to critique Glion Business & Hospitality School NSF Program Officer, and usually by University three to write for newspapers NEOMA School, ten other persons outside NSF either as ad hoc reviewers, panelists, or both, who are experts in the particular fields represented by the proposal. These reviewers are selected by Program Officers charged with oversight of the review process. Proposers are invited to suggest names of persons they believe are especially well qualified to University (INTO), review the proposal and/or persons they would prefer not review the article London, proposal. These suggestions may serve as one source in define University (INTO), the reviewer selection process at the Program Officer's discretion. Submission of such names, however, is optional. How To Article Critique Business & Hospitality School? Care is taken to ensure that reviewers have no conflicts of interest with the proposal.

In addition, Program Officers may obtain comments from site visits before recommending final action on critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO), proposals. Senior NSF staff further review recommendations for awards. A flowchart that depicts the entire NSF proposal and award process (and associated timeline) is included in PAPPG Exhibit III-1. A comprehensive description of the Foundation's merit review process is available on the NSF website at: http://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/merit_review/. Proposers should also be aware of core strategies that are essential to the fulfillment of NSF's mission, as articulated in Investing in Science, Engineering, and Education for the Nation's Future: NSF Strategic Plan for 2014-2018 . These strategies are integrated in the program planning and implementation process, of which proposal review is one part. A Good Essay International? NSF's mission is particularly well-implemented through the integration of research and define critical of Gloucestershire (INTO) education and broadening participation in NSF programs, projects, and activities. One of the strategic objectives in critical thinking for students University, support of NSF's mission is to foster integration of research and education through the programs, projects, and activities it supports at academic and research institutions. These institutions must recruit, train, and critical analysis prepare a diverse STEM workforce to advance the frontiers of science and memories essay School participate in the U.S. technology-based economy.

NSF's contribution to the national innovation ecosystem is to provide cutting-edge research under the guidance of the critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO) Nation's most creative scientists and engineers. NSF also supports development of a strong science, technology, engineering, and article critique Glion London, Business mathematics (STEM) workforce by investing in define critical University of Gloucestershire, building the knowledge that informs improvements in STEM teaching and steps a good essay Sherborne International learning. NSF's mission calls for define analysis University (INTO) the broadening of steps International opportunities and expanding participation of groups, institutions, and geographic regions that are underrepresented in STEM disciplines, which is essential to the health and critical University of Gloucestershire vitality of science and critical State University engineering. NSF is committed to this principle of diversity and deems it central to the programs, projects, and critical University (INTO) activities it considers and critical State supports. A. Merit Review Principles and Criteria. The National Science Foundation strives to invest in a robust and define critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO) diverse portfolio of projects that creates new knowledge and steps a good essay enables breakthroughs in understanding across all areas of science and engineering research and education. To identify which projects to critical analysis of Gloucestershire, support, NSF relies on how to School, a merit review process that incorporates consideration of both the technical aspects of a proposed project and its potential to contribute more broadly to critical University of Gloucestershire, advancing NSF's mission to critical thinking Oregon University, promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense; and for other purposes. NSF makes every effort to conduct a fair, competitive, transparent merit review process for the selection of projects. 1. Merit Review Principles.

These principles are to be given due diligence by PIs and define critical University (INTO) organizations when preparing proposals and managing projects, by write article critique Glion Business & Hospitality reviewers when reading and evaluating proposals, and by analysis University NSF program staff when determining whether or not to recommend proposals for funding and steps essay Sherborne International while overseeing awards. Given that NSF is the primary federal agency charged with nurturing and supporting excellence in basic research and education, the following three principles apply: All NSF projects should be of the highest quality and have the potential to advance, if not transform, the define critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO) frontiers of knowledge. NSF projects, in the aggregate, should contribute more broadly to achieving societal goals. These Broader Impacts may be accomplished through the research itself, through activities that are directly related to specific research projects, or through activities that are supported by, but are complementary to, the project. The project activities may be based on previously established and/or innovative methods and steps to write approaches, but in either case must be well justified. Meaningful assessment and University (INTO) evaluation of steps to write a good essay Sherborne NSF funded projects should be based on appropriate metrics, keeping in mind the likely correlation between the effect of broader impacts and the resources provided to implement projects. If the size of the activity is limited, evaluation of that activity in isolation is not likely to be meaningful. Thus, assessing the define critical analysis (INTO) effectiveness of these activities may best be done at a higher, more aggregated, level than the individual project. With respect to the third principle, even if assessment of Broader Impacts outcomes for particular projects is coursework done at an aggregated level, PIs are expected to be accountable for carrying out the activities described in the funded project.

Thus, individual projects should include clearly stated goals, specific descriptions of the define University of Gloucestershire (INTO) activities that the my childhood writing The Perkiomen School PI intends to do, and analysis (INTO) a plan in writing comparison School, place to document the define critical (INTO) outputs of define American those activities. These three merit review principles provide the basis for the merit review criteria, as well as a context within which the users of the criteria can better understand their intent. All NSF proposals are evaluated through use of the two National Science Board approved merit review criteria. In some instances, however, NSF will employ additional criteria as required to highlight the define (INTO) specific objectives of certain programs and activities. The two merit review criteria are listed below.

Both criteria are to be given full consideration during the review and decision-making processes; each criterion is necessary but neither, by itself, is how to write for newspapers NEOMA Business sufficient. Analysis University Of Gloucestershire? Therefore, proposers must fully address both criteria. (PAPPG Chapter II.C.2.d(i). contains additional information for use by proposers in my childhood The Perkiomen School, development of the Project Description section of the proposal). Reviewers are strongly encouraged to review the criteria, including PAPPG Chapter II.C.2.d(i), prior to define analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO), the review of a proposal. When evaluating NSF proposals, reviewers will be asked to consider what the proposers want to do, why they want to write article critique Glion Business, do it, how they plan to do it, how they will know if they succeed, and what benefits could accrue if the project is successful. These issues apply both to the technical aspects of the proposal and the way in which the project may make broader contributions. To that end, reviewers will be asked to evaluate all proposals against two criteria: Intellectual Merit: The Intellectual Merit criterion encompasses the potential to advance knowledge; and Broader Impacts: The Broader Impacts criterion encompasses the potential to benefit society and contribute to the achievement of specific, desired societal outcomes. The following elements should be considered in the review for analysis University both criteria: What is the potential for the proposed activity to how to write articles Business School, Advance knowledge and understanding within its own field or across different fields (Intellectual Merit); and Benefit society or advance desired societal outcomes (Broader Impacts)? To what extent do the proposed activities suggest and explore creative, original, or potentially transformative concepts?

Is the plan for carrying out the proposed activities well-reasoned, well-organized, and based on of Gloucestershire, a sound rationale? Does the plan incorporate a mechanism to assess success? How well qualified is the individual, team, or organization to conduct the proposed activities? Are there adequate resources available to the PI (either at the home organization or through collaborations) to carry out the for newspapers Business proposed activities? Broader impacts may be accomplished through the research itself, through the activities that are directly related to specific research projects, or through activities that are supported by, but are complementary to, the project. NSF values the advancement of scientific knowledge and define critical analysis activities that contribute to achievement of societally relevant outcomes. Such outcomes include, but are not limited to: full participation of essay writing The Perkiomen School women, persons with disabilities, and underrepresented minorities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM); improved STEM education and educator development at any level; increased public scientific literacy and public engagement with science and technology; improved well-being of define critical analysis individuals in how to write and magazines NEOMA Business School, society; development of a diverse, globally competitive STEM workforce; increased partnerships between academia, industry, and others; improved national security; increased economic competitiveness of the United States; and enhanced infrastructure for define critical analysis University of Gloucestershire research and education. Proposers are reminded that reviewers will also be asked to write articles and magazines Business, review the Data Management Plan and the Postdoctoral Researcher Mentoring Plan, as appropriate.

Proposals submitted in response to this program solicitation will be reviewed by Ad hoc Review and/or Panel Review. Reviewers will be asked to evaluate proposals using two National Science Board approved merit review criteria and, if applicable, additional program specific criteria. University (INTO)? A summary rating and accompanying narrative will generally be completed and submitted by each reviewer and/or panel. The Program Officer assigned to define coursework International, manage the define critical analysis University proposal's review will consider the advice of reviewers and will formulate a recommendation. After scientific, technical and State (INTO) programmatic review and consideration of appropriate factors, the NSF Program Officer recommends to the cognizant Division Director whether the analysis University proposal should be declined or recommended for award.

NSF strives to be able to steps to write a good Sherborne International, tell applicants whether their proposals have been declined or recommended for funding within six months. Analysis Of Gloucestershire? Large or particularly complex proposals or proposals from new awardees may require additional review and State processing time. The time interval begins on the deadline or target date, or receipt date, whichever is later. The interval ends when the Division Director acts upon the Program Officer's recommendation. After programmatic approval has been obtained, the proposals recommended for funding will be forwarded to the Division of Grants and Agreements for review of business, financial, and policy implications. After an administrative review has occurred, Grants and analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO) Agreements Officers perform the International School-Salzburg processing and issuance of a grant or other agreement.

Proposers are cautioned that only a Grants and define (INTO) Agreements Officer may make commitments, obligations or awards on behalf of NSF or authorize the expenditure of funds. No commitment on steps to write a good Sherborne, the part of NSF should be inferred from technical or budgetary discussions with a NSF Program Officer. A Principal Investigator or organization that makes financial or personnel commitments in the absence of a grant or cooperative agreement signed by the NSF Grants and Agreements Officer does so at their own risk. Once an define critical award or declination decision has been made, Principal Investigators are provided feedback about their proposals. In all cases, reviews are treated as confidential documents. Critical Thinking For Students State University? Verbatim copies of define critical analysis (INTO) reviews, excluding the names of the reviewers or any reviewer-identifying information, are sent to the Principal Investigator/Project Director by the Program Officer. In addition, the proposer will receive an explanation of the essay decision to analysis University (INTO), award or decline funding. VII. AWARD ADMINISTRATION INFORMATION. Notification of the award is made to the submitting organization by article Glion & Hospitality a Grants Officer in the Division of Grants and Agreements.

Organizations whose proposals are declined will be advised as promptly as possible by the cognizant NSF Program administering the program. Verbatim copies of reviews, not including the define critical analysis University of Gloucestershire identity of the reviewer, will be provided automatically to the Principal Investigator. Write Articles For Newspapers And Magazines NEOMA? (See Section VI.B. for additional information on the review process). An NSF award consists of: (1) the define analysis University of Gloucestershire award notice, which includes any special provisions applicable to the award and any numbered amendments thereto; (2) the budget, which indicates the amounts, by categories of expense, on which NSF has based its support (or otherwise communicates any specific approvals or disapprovals of proposed expenditures); (3) the proposal referenced in the award notice; (4) the applicable award conditions, such as Grant General Conditions (GC-1)*; or Research Terms and Conditions* and University (INTO) (5) any announcement or other NSF issuance that may be incorporated by reference in the award notice. Cooperative agreements also are administered in accordance with NSF Cooperative Agreement Financial and Administrative Terms and critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO) Conditions (CA-FATC) and the applicable Programmatic Terms and Conditions. NSF awards are electronically signed by an NSF Grants and Agreements Officer and transmitted electronically to the organization via e-mail. *These documents may be accessed electronically on NSF's Website at for newspapers School, http://www.nsf.gov/awards/managing/award_conditions.jsp?org=NSF. Paper copies may be obtained from the NSF Publications Clearinghouse, telephone (703) 292-7827 or by e-mail from nsfpubs@nsf.gov. More comprehensive information on NSF Award Conditions and other important information on the administration of NSF awards is contained in the NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG) Chapter VII, available electronically on the NSF Website at https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=papp. Life-changing situations during the period of the award. NSF takes seriously career-life balance. Awardees who encounter any life-changing situation (e.g. birth or adoption of a child, serious illness or death of family member) during the period of the award will be encouraged to reference http://www.nsf.gov/career-life-balance/ and to discuss resolutions with a program officer.

For all multi-year grants (including both standard and continuing grants), the critical University of Gloucestershire Principal Investigator must submit an annual project report to the cognizant Program Officer no later than 90 days prior to the end of the how to write Business School current budget period. (Some programs or awards require submission of of Gloucestershire (INTO) more frequent project reports). Writing Strathallan? No later than 120 days following expiration of a grant, the PI also is required to critical analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO), submit a final project report, and a project outcomes report for the general public. Failure to provide the required annual or final project reports, or the project outcomes report, will delay NSF review and processing of any future funding increments as well as any pending proposals for all identified PIs and co-PIs on a given award. PIs should examine the formats of the required reports in advance to assure availability of writing comparison essays required data. PIs are required to use NSF's electronic project-reporting system, available through Research.gov, for of Gloucestershire (INTO) preparation and submission of annual and final project reports. My Childhood Memories Writing School? Such reports provide information on accomplishments, project participants (individual and organizational), publications, and other specific products and impacts of the project. Submission of the report via Research.gov constitutes certification by the PI that the contents of the report are accurate and complete. The project outcomes report also must be prepared and submitted using Research.gov. This report serves as a brief summary, prepared specifically for the public, of the nature and outcomes of the project.

This report will be posted on the NSF website exactly as it is submitted by the PI. More comprehensive information on NSF Reporting Requirements and other important information on the administration of NSF awards is contained in the NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG) Chapter VII, available electronically on the NSF Website at define critical analysis University (INTO), https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=papp. Please note that the program contact information is current at the time of publishing. Memories Essay The Perkiomen School? See program website for any updates to the points of contact. General inquiries regarding this program should be made to:

Frederick Kronz-Program Director, Program Officer, 995 N, telephone: (703) 292-7283, email: fkronz@nsf.gov. Wenda Bauchspies-Program Director, 990 N, telephone: (703) 292-5026, email: wbauchsp@nsf.gov. Alexandra Cohen-Science Assistant, 995, telephone: (703) 292-4927, email: acohen@nsf.gov. For questions related to the use of FastLane, contact: FastLane Help Desk, telephone: 1-800-673-6188; e-mail: fastlane@nsf.gov. For questions relating to Grants.gov contact: Grants.gov Contact Center: If the Authorized Organizational Representatives (AOR) has not received a confirmation message from Grants.gov within 48 hours of submission of application, please contact via telephone: 1-800-518-4726; e-mail: support@grants.gov.

The NSF website provides the most comprehensive source of information on define critical analysis of Gloucestershire, NSF Directorates (including contact information), programs and funding opportunities. Use of essays Strathallan this website by potential proposers is strongly encouraged. In addition, NSF Update is an information-delivery system designed to keep potential proposers and other interested parties apprised of new NSF funding opportunities and publications, important changes in proposal and award policies and procedures, and upcoming NSF Grants Conferences. Subscribers are informed through e-mail or the define critical analysis (INTO) user's Web browser each time new publications are issued that match their identified interests. NSF Update also is available on how to articles for newspapers and magazines Business, NSF's website. Grants.gov provides an additional electronic capability to search for Federal government-wide grant opportunities. NSF funding opportunities may be accessed via this mechanism. Further information on Grants.gov may be obtained at http://www.grants.gov. ABOUT THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION.

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an define critical (INTO) independent Federal agency created by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (42 USC 1861-75). The Act states the purpose of the NSF is to promote the progress of science; [and] to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare by supporting research and education in all fields of science and engineering. NSF funds research and education in most fields of science and engineering. It does this through grants and cooperative agreements to more than 2,000 colleges, universities, K-12 school systems, businesses, informal science organizations and other research organizations throughout the US. The Foundation accounts for my childhood memories essay about one-fourth of Federal support to academic institutions for basic research. NSF receives approximately 55,000 proposals each year for define analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO) research, education and training projects, of which approximately 11,000 are funded. In addition, the Foundation receives several thousand applications for graduate and postdoctoral fellowships. Coursework International? The agency operates no laboratories itself but does support National Research Centers, user facilities, certain oceanographic vessels and Arctic and Antarctic research stations. The Foundation also supports cooperative research between universities and industry, US participation in international scientific and engineering efforts, and educational activities at every academic level.

Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) provide funding for (INTO) special assistance or equipment to enable persons with disabilities to work on NSF-supported projects. See the NSF Proposal Award Policies Procedures Guide Chapter II.E.6 for instructions regarding preparation of these types of how to write article Glion London, Business & Hospitality proposals. The National Science Foundation has Telephonic Device for the Deaf (TDD) and Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) capabilities that enable individuals with hearing impairments to define critical analysis (INTO), communicate with the Foundation about NSF programs, employment or general information. TDD may be accessed at (703) 292-5090 and memories writing The Perkiomen School (800) 281-8749, FIRS at critical analysis of Gloucestershire, (800) 877-8339. The National Science Foundation Information Center may be reached at (703) 292-5111. The National Science Foundation promotes and advances scientific progress in the United States by competitively awarding grants and cooperative agreements for research and education in the sciences, mathematics, and engineering. To get the latest information about program deadlines, to download copies of NSF publications, and to access abstracts of awards, visit the steps to write essay NSF Website at http://www.nsf.gov. 4201 Wilson Blvd. Arlington, VA 22230.

Send an e-mail to: PRIVACY ACT AND PUBLIC BURDEN STATEMENTS. The information requested on analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO), proposal forms and project reports is solicited under the authority of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended. The information on proposal forms will be used in connection with the selection of qualified proposals; and essay project reports submitted by awardees will be used for program evaluation and reporting within the Executive Branch and to Congress. The information requested may be disclosed to qualified reviewers and critical analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO) staff assistants as part of the proposal review process; to proposer institutions/grantees to provide or obtain data regarding the proposal review process, award decisions, or the administration of awards; to government contractors, experts, volunteers and researchers and write NEOMA Business School educators as necessary to complete assigned work; to other government agencies or other entities needing information regarding applicants or nominees as part of a joint application review process, or in order to coordinate programs or policy; and to another Federal agency, court, or party in a court or Federal administrative proceeding if the government is a party. Information about Principal Investigators may be added to the Reviewer file and used to select potential candidates to serve as peer reviewers or advisory committee members. Define Analysis University? See Systems of Records, NSF-50, Principal Investigator/Proposal File and Associated Records, 69 Federal Register 26410 (May 12, 2004), and NSF-51, Reviewer/Proposal File and Associated Records, 69 Federal Register 26410 (May 12, 2004). Submission of the information is and magazines Business voluntary. Failure to provide full and complete information, however, may reduce the define critical analysis University possibility of receiving an award.

An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and writing comparison Strathallan School a person is not required to respond to, an define analysis University (INTO) information collection unless it displays a valid Office of my childhood memories essay writing The Perkiomen Management and Budget (OMB) control number. The OMB control number for this collection is 3145-0023. Public reporting burden for this collection of define critical analysis of Gloucestershire information is estimated to average 12 hours per response, including the steps a good Sherborne International time for reviewing instructions. Critical? Send comments regarding the how to article critique London, Business & Hospitality School burden estimate and any other aspect of this collection of of Gloucestershire information, including suggestions for how to write critique & Hospitality School reducing this burden, to: Suzanne H. Plimpton.

Reports Clearance Officer. Office of the General Counsel. National Science Foundation. Arlington, VA 22230. The National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia 22230, USA.

Tel: (703) 292-5111, FIRS: (800) 877-8339 | TDD: (800) 281-8749.

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Use the writing Strathallan School left-hand column for dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the define critical University of Gloucestershire first three letters of the month followed by define coursework School-Salzburg the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, provide information about define analysis (INTO) each of comparison essays your job roles. Start by writing the name of the define critical analysis of Gloucestershire company (in bold) and my childhood, its location. On the next line you might give a brief description of what the critical University company does.

You might give a title for Glion London, Business & Hospitality School, your job (and perhaps a department name) on another line (highlighting this in critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and critical Oregon State University (INTO), achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points) Give more detail for critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in the job for which you are now applying. If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote).

You should not use the word I on your CV; this is understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at the shop, but not I increased sales at the shop. Remember that the person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in your country. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for the dates. For start and London,, end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, list the define analysis University name of the comparison essays School school or university on one line, followed by critical analysis University of Gloucestershire further details (the course name or the number of exam subjects passed) on the next line. List formal educational qualifications only in my childhood essay The Perkiomen, this table (eg university and secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the define of Gloucestershire (INTO) most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to a post-graduate school or college, put the name of article critique Glion London, Business School this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is clear. If you have been to a university, use the of Gloucestershire (INTO) word University in the name, or put a label such as University: before the name so that the level is clear. If the university is one of the top universities in your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it).

State the name of the town and country after the university's name. In the description, put the name of the main subject studied (try to avoid using the write critique Glion words major or minor, which are used in American English). If you studied English, the subject should perhaps be described as English language and literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the define critical analysis University (INTO) British university grade system is writing essays Strathallan, probably different from that in your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of define analysis University about 15 and 18, but not before this age. Define Coursework American International School-Salzburg? You should add the label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the words High School in define analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), the name. If you took exams in a wide range of how to write articles Business subjects, you may prefer to list only the number of critical (INTO) subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications.

If you are studying in the UK, you may want to include details of this course. If so, write this in a line under the main table. Thinking For Students State University (INTO)? For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these. English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of analysis University standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to steps to write essay drive for the job) Create two columns; use the critical analysis University (INTO) left-hand column for labels and define coursework School-Salzburg, the right-hand column for information.

The exact list of define critical analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO) personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and what the job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Write Date of birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. A Good Sherborne? Note that the date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by your nationality eg Japanese. You may want to write Gender:, followed by define analysis University Male or Female, if this is not obvious to a British person from memories, your name.

Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by define critical analysis University a description of the status implied by the stamp in your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. Article & Hospitality? As you have come to the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at an interview. Include interests which may show the define interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in how to write for newspapers NEOMA, the job (for example, computer or language skills).

If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by Available on request. You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. If you do need to define critical University (INTO) give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. It may complicate your application if you give the writing Strathallan School name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the define critical (INTO) person will be able to define coursework American International School-Salzburg provide comments in critical (INTO), English, and my childhood essay, give an define analysis e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: akiko9999@hotmail.com.

· Advised the main shop's customers about American School-Salzburg organic and define critical analysis University, health foods. · Developed new business in smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of supplements and organic food to define coursework School-Salzburg potential new customers. · Increased sales at both the main and the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to expand the business by establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and redirected this to the appropriate division. · Translated foreign letters (written in critical (INTO), English) into Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and procedures.

Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and the internet. Fluent in Japanese; practical knowledge of English and critical for students University (INTO), Korean. If you are sending an application directly to a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to accompany your CV (a covering letter). The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by define of Gloucestershire (INTO) hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). There is an writing comparison School example covering letter shown below. State what type of visa you have, so that the potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to mention the level of your English ability.

Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. If you are about to change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail. If you give the telephone number of define critical analysis University of Gloucestershire your host family, you should ask them for their permission first, and how to Glion, you should check if they have an answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of Fortnum Mason's in of Gloucestershire (INTO), Piccadilly, as advertised in Loot Recruit on 2 August. Please find attached a copy of my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in write articles for newspapers and magazines, an organic food shop in Japan.

This has given me experience of define analysis University dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of food retailing. Essay Writing School? I have been living in London since last September, and am currently studying English at a language school. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in English exam). My fluency in critical of Gloucestershire, Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. I am an enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in a team. My student visa entitles me to how to articles and magazines NEOMA Business School work up to 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately.

I would welcome the opportunity to discuss the job vacancy with you on the telephone or at an interview. I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and critical University, covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the critical thinking State University (INTO) spell-checker on critical analysis the computer (set the language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ask this person for any comments they may have.

If sending your application by post, send it by first class rather than by coursework International second class (it shows that you care about define analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO) getting the memories writing School job). If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in critical University, the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to comparison School find out define critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO), more about the company and ask when you can expect to hear from them. If you have not heard from the a good International company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is define critical analysis University, one), telephone the how to critique Business School company to check that your job application has been received and define critical University of Gloucestershire, that there haven't been any problems contacting you. It is often the case that people are invited for define International School-Salzburg, an interview for only a small number of the define critical analysis University (INTO) jobs to which they apply. Steps To Write Essay Sherborne International? Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job.

If you are rejected by a company, ask them to give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of your later applications. Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.

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9 Creative Resume Design Tips (With Template Examples) If you’re hunting for that dream role at a creative company you’re going to want to of Gloucestershire, dust off your old resume and give it a modern refresh. But how can you make sure that—out of all the applicants—it’s your resume that catches your future employer’s eye? Today we take a look at nine resume design tips for overhauling the format, layout, and structure of to write essay International, your resume. Define Analysis Of Gloucestershire! Discover fantastic ideas for injecting creativity into American School-Salzburg, your resume design without compromising on professionalism. We also share creative resume examples and templates throughout the post, visually demonstrating these design tips in action so you can readily put them to analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), work for you. When you're ready to create your own resume, check out this tutorial on designing a creative resume in Adobe InDesign. You can also browse the full selection of define American International, creative resume templates on GraphicRiver to get even more inspiration. Tip 1: Use Columns to Maximize on Space. One thing that is an absolute nightmare for employers tasked with trawling through resumes by the bucketload is encountering resumes that are more than one page long.

Sure, you might want to go into define analysis University, detail about that part-time training course you took seven years ago, but, frankly, all your future employer wants to know is how that qualification is relevant to the job you’re applying for. The best advice for putting together the Oregon, content of your resume? Keep it short and sweet. Edit out critical analysis (INTO) qualifications and writing comparison essays Strathallan School, details that are irrelevant to the role. You’ll find that editing your text down to fill just one page can be tricky, but it’s well worth it—you’ll appear concise, organized and you’ll also be highlighting only the most important, and best, information about yourself. This is going to critical analysis (INTO), make your resume easy-to-digest and a doddle to print ( you’re welcome, environment ). But how can you even begin to fit all your wonderful achievements on just one sheet of paper? There are some design techniques you can employ to maximise the space on your one page, without forcing the Strathallan, layout to feel overcrowded. One tip is to try splitting your resume layout into two sections, with a narrow column running down the define of Gloucestershire (INTO), left- or right-side of the page, as shown below: Creative Resume Template example with functional columns and organized layout format.

Place shorter sections of information, like a brief bio, skills, software competencies, languages and contact details in the column, along with a photo in the same column. Switch up the memories essay writing The Perkiomen School, background color of the column to keep it visually distinctive. Placing more detailed chunks of information, such as your job experience, education and qualifications, in define of Gloucestershire (INTO) the other wider column will help maximise the limited space available in International your creative resume layout. Tip 2: Resume Layout Structure is All-Important. Critical Analysis (INTO)! Though it may be dull, organization is the key to a successfully-designed resume. You want the design of your creative resume format to be well planned and organized.

Once you have edited down your content to one-page’s worth, you need to visually separate that information into digestible chunks. Imagine you’ve been sat at your desk looking at how to write articles for newspapers and magazines, resumes all day—you sure aren't going to linger long over critical analysis (INTO), someone’s essay-long summary of the internship they did last summer. Don’t lump all your information together. Use a grid structure for define coursework American your layout, with columns and rows, visual dividers and white space to section out all the data you’re presenting to the reader. Define Critical Of Gloucestershire (INTO)! This will also make it much easier for how to write Glion Business School them to refer to critical University of Gloucestershire, individual items of information in articles and magazines NEOMA Business School conversation with a colleague or during an interview. You want to make your creative resume a pleasure to read, not a chore, and keeping your information visually organized is going to help you achieve this. Take a look at this simple-yet-striking resume template, and define analysis of Gloucestershire, particularly at how the information is sectioned up. This creative resume layout is based on a simple grid structure with two columns, and plenty of steps International, white space, the define, different sections are clearly marked out and divided from each other with subheadings and lines. Creative Resume Template with underlying grid formatting shown. It may seem a “well, duh!” sort of tip, but you’d be amazed at how many people crowd their resumes with waffle. Be brave and clinical, and create a resume that’s as well-organized as the for students, company’s filing system.

It will say something about your personality to your potential employer—your organizational skills and efficiency being immediately apparent. Define Critical! Tip 3: Catch the Eye with Resume Infographics. Infographic design details are a great way of introducing a more unique look to your resume, while looking data-driven and how to write critique Glion Business & Hospitality, professional. How to critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), achieve the memories School, infographic look? First, divide your resume layout up into a grid with two columns and four or five rows. Focus on University placing one section of ‘data’ into each square of the grid, whether that’s your list of awards and to write a good essay International, certificates, or your educational history. Critical Analysis! Transform each section of data into its own individual infographic. Try transforming your list of essays Strathallan School, past jobs into an experience timeline, ordered chronologically.

Use graphic icons to represent different skills or hobbies (take a look at the huge range of free icons available at flaticon.com if you don’t fancy creating your own from critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), scratch). Use the define American, shape tools in your design software of choice to define analysis University, create simple charts and graphs to represent your language skills or software experience. Check out this simple tutorial on creating your own infographic elements in Adobe InDesign, and use them to define, embellish your resume layout. One final tip for define analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO) infographic styles—keep your colors pared-back, neutral and minimal. With all those graphic elements going on, you’ll want to how to write Glion London,, keep the design looking ultra-professional. Tip 4: Make a Nod to define critical analysis University (INTO), Your Profession. Odds are, you’ll be looking for a particular role, which will make good use of essay writing, your particular skillset.

If this is the define, case, you can fine-tune the design of your resume to make a nod to your chosen profession. For example, if you’re a publishing designer, make your resume look a little bookish. Use classic typefaces like Caslon and how to write for newspapers NEOMA School, Baskerville, and structure the layout to mimic a beautifully typeset book page. If you’re a web designer, take inspiration from this digital-inspired resume template and give your layout a digital-inspired design with neon pops of color, data-like icons and bars, and a precise, clean-cut layout. Just like a beautifully-designed webpage, right? Use your creative resume as an opportunity to show off your design skills in practice.

This will make the look of your resume a great talking point at the interview stage, and will showcase your enthusiasm for analysis University of Gloucestershire your career of memories essay School, choice. Tip 5: Know When to Keep it Simple. So I’ve encouraged you so far to get creative with grids, infographics and colors on your resume, but there's also a time and a place for minimal, simple design. Perhaps the role you’re applying for is more administrative, even if it’s within a creative company, or the define analysis University (INTO), company is not so much a youthful start-up but more an established, formal enterprise. Applying for a role at an architecture firm or marketing company? Perhaps a more stripped-back resume design would be more fitting.

This means no photos ( or at the very least, no colorful cropped images from Facebook. but I’m trusting you wouldn’t subject any future employer to those anyway ), no graphics, and no colors that will give a CEO a headache. Take a lesson from this wonderfully minimal resume template: Choose a classic sans serif typeface, and keep the structure of your minimal resume conventional. Flush type to align left, to keep your text traditional in style. Allow for white space to make the define coursework American International, whole design appear serene and professional.

Use simple, thin lines (look to the Stroke Tools in Adobe software) to divide sections of content into manageable chunks, and use color sparingly—as a little pop of blue to critical analysis University of Gloucestershire, mark out subheadings catches the eye without being overbearing. If you’re sending a portfolio, resume, and cover letter to apply for how to write articles for newspapers and magazines NEOMA your dream creative role, think about analysis of Gloucestershire, how you can make all the elements of your application look more unified and professional. Treating your job application as an exercise in branding is write and magazines Business School, a great way to both elevate your application to the next level and define analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), prove to your future employer that you can be creative while working within a set of brand rules. Before you begin creating your portfolio, resume, and cover letter, you need to lay down some simple rules for School-Salzburg your personal brand. University Of Gloucestershire! First up, consider creating your own personal logo, like in this slick resume example. Try designing a simple icon using your initials and write articles Business, a simple shape or border. Analysis Of Gloucestershire! Apply the logo to the cover page of all your application documents. Critical Oregon State University (INTO)! Simple personal branding element example.

Secondly, you need to define critical, think about being consistent with your choice of typeface and how you format your text. Choose a simple, legible sans serif for jobs in for students digital-related fields (take Aller for a spin), or go for a serif (you can’t go wrong with Caslon or Garamond ) if the role is more traditional. Set rules for define critical analysis how you format headers, sub-headings and body text; as well as applying consistent text sizing and alignment throughout all your documents. How To Glion! Finally, a brand is critical University of Gloucestershire, really pulled together by a consistent use of color. Take a look at this colorful resume and write critique Business School, portfolio template, which features a bold, four-color palette that is applied consistently across all the pages, with geometric shapes used to tie together the elements and create unusual grid sections for placing text and critical University (INTO), images. Create a complementary color palette in your software of choice (in Adobe programmes, expand the critical thinking Oregon University, Swatches panel and create new CMYK swatches, before saving them as a Swatch Library ), and stick to define analysis, it! To take your branding exercise to the next level, design your portfolio website to match your brand look, so that the impressive unified effect isn’t lost when the employer checks you out online.

It’s one challenge to make your resume look presentable, but how are you going to make it memorable ? What’s going to define International, give the analysis (INTO), reader a lasting impression of your personality without you being physically present? After all, you won’t even get to essay writing School, to the interview stage if your resume is instantly forgettable. To make it unforgettable, you need to think of define University, ways to inject personality into your resume. Writing Essays Strathallan School! This can partly be content-based—try sharing your hobbies and interests outside of work, or presenting a short bio in critical University a punchy, informal way. In terms of design, there’s two ultra-simple ways to personalize your resume and make it more reflective of who you are. The first is to add your personal signature to the design. Signing your name is personal and intimate, and makes a nice nod to tradition in this overwhelmingly digital age. If your signature’s illegible or downright messy, just use a handwritten typeface to set your name instead. Try out Harabara Hand or Jimmy Script . Example of a handwritten font applied to a Personalized Resume Template. Guaranteed this will make your name more memorable than if it was set in plain ol’ Helvetica. Essays School! The other thing you can do to personalize your resume is to include a photo.

A word of caution—don’t just pop in any old photo and hope that will cut the mustard. Your photo should ideally be professionally taken, and present you in a professional yet approachable light. A warm smile is great, but avoid manic laughter. Equally, a stony-faced, serious photo could be off-putting to an employer looking for a team-player. A professional photographer will put you at ease and produce photos that look natural. Adjusting color photos to black-and-white (apply a Black White Adjustment Layer to your color photo in Adobe Photoshop ), like in this clean resume template, also adds an extra-professional touch. Tip 8: Want to Be Really Creative? Go Digital!

Print resumes have an old-fashioned charm and define critical University, many companies will take it as a given that your application will be in writing a printable format. Sometimes, however, you really need to analysis of Gloucestershire, push the boundaries. If you’ve been eyeing up a designer role at that ultra-creative start-up, you’re going to need to articles for newspapers, show your employer that you can think outside of the box. Critical Of Gloucestershire (INTO)! Most start-ups have a tech-forward ethos, and this creates the perfect opportunity for you to show off your web design skills. Hey, even if you’re lacking in coding prowess there are still loads of simple ways that you can customize personal website templates to Oregon University, make them your own. Moving your resume onto a digital platform allows you to define, get really creative with your presentation. You can now integrate interactive content into your resume, such as animation and video, and it also happens to be incredibly convenient for your employer to access. No fiddly email attachments or postal application, just click and go.

Make sure your site is mobile-responsive, just in case they decide to check you out on their morning commute. This uber-professional resume portfolio theme is a fantastic example of integrating a resume, cover letter and portfolio into one slick webpage: Resume Website Theme - example profile and resume layout. Resume Website Theme - example of featured portfolio elements. The dark background and minimal design keeps the page from looking overly gimmicky or geeky (we’re looking at you, Robby Leonardi. Who am I kidding, his video game-inspired resume is awesome!). If you’re trying to convince your future boss of your technical skills, moving your resume onto a digital platform (or even better, creating both a hard and soft copy of your application— you’ll have no complaints ) is the perfect way of articles and magazines NEOMA School, showcasing your digital skillset, before you’ve even got to University (INTO), the interview! Tip 9: Balance Creativity and Professionalism. Define Coursework American School-Salzburg! In this article I’ve shared with you a few tips for define critical analysis University (INTO) how you can give your resume a modern refresh, and thinking Oregon State University (INTO), how to make your application memorable and impressive. A final—and arguably most important—tip is to strike a fine-tuned balance between creativity and professionalism in critical analysis University your resume design. Unlike other print items, like flyers or posters, a resume needs to be a bit more understated.

Before they’ve even met you in define coursework American School-Salzburg person an employer will make judgements about define critical University of Gloucestershire, your personality and professional capabilities based on the look of your resume alone. So you want to make sure those first impressions are as positive as possible, which will improve your chances of getting to the interview stage (where you will, of course, wow the Sherborne International, interviewer with your sparkling personality). Choosing an elegant, legible typeface and setting it nicely on the page will have more positive impact than a layout weighed down with gradients, eyesore colors and novelty fonts. You can show off your creative side in a subtle way, by proving that you know when there’s a time and a place for being ultra-experimental. and for a number of jobs you may apply for a professional resume is not the place to do it. Move away from loading down your resume with creative effects, and focus more on how you can improve the reader’s overall experience of your application. Define Analysis Of Gloucestershire! Structuring the content of your resume, developing a personal brand, or moving your resume onto a digital platform will prove to potential employers that you’re able to problem-solve, and present information in a memorable, skillful way. Balance creative presentation ideas with a professional design and you can’t go wrong! Share Your C reative Resume Design!

Have you been looking to refresh your resume recently? Have you landed a dream job off the essays, back of (INTO), your resume design? We’d love to know! Feel free to steps to write essay Sherborne, share your experiences, comments and tips below. Ready to create your own resume from define University, scratch? Check out this tutorial on creating a unique, versatile resume.

Or browse the full range of creative resume templates available on how to write NEOMA GraphicRiver. Envato Tuts+ tutorials are translated into other languages by our community membersyou can be involved too!

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Marketing strategies for critical analysis (INTO), market entry – MBA Essay – Padraig Carroll. Marketing strategies for market entry. National College of Ireland. Master of Business Administration (MBA) Student: Padraig Carroll. Student id: x12114855. Date: April 2013. Class: Strategic Marketing Management. Lecturer: Dr. Aidan Daly.

The objective of how to write Business, this paper is to research the various components that make up Market entry Strategy. This paper analyses the various, and significant choices the entrepreneur, intrapreneur, or manager must address in advance of market entry. This paper seeks to examine the issues faced when defining, creating, and implementing successful strategies to define facilitate entry to new, existing, or foreign markets. This paper seeks to define marketing entry strategy and addresses the marketing mix. Essay Writing School! This paper will examine marketing entry strategies for the I.T. industry (or industries affected by technical innovation), services marketing, product marketing, and define critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), foreign market entry. Further to this, strategies such as values marketing, and exit strategy as a part of entry strategy, will also be addressed. Limitations include: time available for how to Glion Business & Hospitality, research, literature availability, essay length (4000 words), and the general lack of documented academic research into market entry strategy. Research methods conducted in analysis University of Gloucestershire the preparation of this paper include the analysis of secondary sources such as literature relevant to the topic, web articles, and internet media such as video interviews, academic journals, e-journals, whitepapers. Further sources include study of notes from to write essay Sherborne, lecture presentations in marketing, economics, enterprise management, and e-business implementation modules of the 2012 part time NCI MBA. Many would be entrepreneur’s dream of owning their own businesses, yet few realize their aspirations. Define Critical University Of Gloucestershire (INTO)! Babb (2009) lists several questions any budding entrepreneur must pose and American International, answer to understand the feasibility of a concept: Has the business idea been done before?

Is there a high cost associated with market entry (are there barriers to entry)? Does the entrepreneur know the product/service offering well? Is the entrepreneur passionate about the business? Is the define critical analysis University (INTO) product or service affordable, and will consumer buy it? Does the entrepreneur have the finances to begin? Does the entrepreneur have a support system? Will the Oregon entrepreneur invest the necessary time to grow the business? Are the businesses goals documented, and measurable? Has success been defined and define critical analysis (INTO), is the memories essay The Perkiomen entrepreneur in a position to recognize it? Babb (2009, p93), and Boyett Boyett (2001, p1) ask the question: “should you do it”?

When proving a concept and planning to market a business idea, entrepreneurs, intrapreneurs, and managers create market entry strategies to define (INTO) ensure the concept is given the best possible chance of essays School, success. These strategies are intended to offset the inherent risk and vulnerabilities associated with market entry (Urban, Johnson Brudnick 1979). Fear of risks and vulnerabilities is something the entrepreneur must live with, and failure is something the entrepreneur must learn from. Critical Analysis University (INTO)! Many entrepreneurs may accept failure, or perhaps even repeated failure as a normal part of the how to article London, Business path to define analysis success. This ability to tolerate failure is how to Glion London, Business & Hospitality, a key characteristic that allows passion for the pursuit to drive the concept through mental and actual barriers to success (Boyett Boyett 2001). Urban et al (1979) state that a carefully crafted entry strategy will reduce the critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO) risk of such failure, whereas Boyett Boyet (2001) state that passion for the pursuit is the more important quality.

Such contrasting opinions on what the more important factors are to determine successful market entry raise the level of importance in understanding the numerous factors that make up an overall market entry strategy. Critical Thinking Oregon State University! Ironically, there is an define critical analysis University, argument that passion itself can, in fact, nullify the coursework American International School-Salzburg need for (INTO), a market entry strategy in the case of I.T. businesses where the founders’ hobby becomes a business through what appear to be an accident or unplanned chains of events (Livingston 2007). Memories! However such businesses based on the entrepreneurs passion, hobby and the resulting tacit knowledge will eventually reach a tipping point where ideas become epidemics (Gladwell 2000) and a choice must be made to monetize scale the business or fold. Analysis must be conducted on how either can be carried out (Livingston 2007). Dev, Brown and define critical analysis University of Gloucestershire, Zhou (2007) argue that tacit knowledge is in itself a highly important factor when considering market entry, and essay writing, further, in define critical University (INTO) essential part in assessing foreign market entry strategy. Strategy definition and steps essay International, the marketing mix. Kotler (2003) states that strategy is the define analysis (INTO) underlying strength behind any organisation’s value proposition.

A firm can be said to have a strategy when it has targets specific customers or needs with a unique service or benefit offering. To separate from essay School, competition and offer value that cannot be compared, a firm must create and market a distinct proposition. To do so, firms must not focus on the competition, nor must a firm benchmark it’s products or services, staff or customer service. Engaging in a strategy that is unique will ensure the offering is different and therefore a firm will hold a higher ranking in the customer’s perception. Define Analysis! Kotler (2003) discusses Kumar’s 3 V’s: Value target, Value proposition and Value network where companies deliver a distinctive value proposition to a clearly defined target market via a distinctive supply network.

This mix enables competitive advantage where a firm’s strategy is not easily replicated. McCarthy (1975) and Kotler (2009) discuss the marketing mix and how the writing essays Strathallan 4 P’s: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion, all affect the creation of marketing strategy, and therefore market entry strategy. This model for define, marketing is the foundation of all strategy for my childhood memories, taking a product or service to market. It is essential that a firm must analyse and understand the significance of each. Since the formulation of the define University marketing mix, variations such as the 4 c’s, the 7 p’s, however the 4ps form the basis of all evolutions. Product: What value does the firm offer, or what problem does it solve? Place: How is the product or service delivered to the consumer? Price: How much does the product or service cost? What is the strategy to target a specific customer base? Promotion: How is the firm’s message communicated? Is the promotional strategy aligned with the steps a good target markets values?

Londre (2009) takes this a step further and evolves the model to encompass 9 p’s which includes passion and partners. Partnerships can facilitate market entry for latecomers who need strategic partnerships in place to access competencies, however the tradeoffs include loss of control, and define critical University, lower profit (Claude-Gaudillat Quelin, 2006). Passion, however is essential for a good essay International, any market entry strategy. Belief is at the core of define critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO), this strategy, articulation and execution will enable concepts to be proven (Kawasaki, 2004; Sinek, 2009). Understanding the 5 forces (Porter, 1979, 2008; Young, 2005) that affect competition is an essential part to building an entry strategy. Porter (2008) discusses how existing competition, suppliers bargaining power, buyer purchasing power, threats from new entrants, and substitute goods or services can affect any market entrant. It is stated (Porter 2008) that often times managers will define strategy too narrowly, and this can lead to a focus on existing competition. This can prove to be a costly mistake. Kotler (2008) states that marketing strategy should create, communicate, and deliver the value to thinking Oregon State a target market at a profit.

Such strategy leads to define critical (INTO) the development of other areas of business such as Product, Brand, Innovation, and Communications strategy. A manager’s responsibility lies with piecing each component together, aligning it to the target markets customer values and ensuring the implementation of the strategy is successful. The strategist should be aware of, and understand competition, but should not focus on or benchmark against it (Kotler 2003). A successful market entry strategy will incorporate all of the variables into its market entry strategy, make implementation and essays School, constant review a part of the critical (INTO) organisation’s corporate DNA. I.T. industry market entry strategy.

Jessica Livingston conducted a series of interviews with several successful I.T. entrepreneurs when researching her book: Founders at Work: Stories of Startups’ Early Days (2007). Livingston discovered several similar traits in many of the writing comparison Strathallan interviewed entrepreneurs, namely passion, lack of define critical of Gloucestershire (INTO), focus on money, ambition to how to write articles Business School solve problems, a lack of critical University of Gloucestershire, understanding of how the entrepreneur go to the point of success, and numerous failures prior to steps a good International success. Notably James Hong (2007) recounted how the define critical analysis University (INTO) venture Hot or Not became a business through a series of events seemingly out of Hong’s control. Originally, Hong Jim Young launched their website Hot or Not for fun. It was a hobby, and comparison Strathallan, was essentially a joke. Behind this hobby was a passion for software engineering. Hong was a skilled engineer with technology abilities that overflowed from define critical University of Gloucestershire, he day job into Hong’s personal life.

Hong’s hobby became very popular through viral communication. One instance where Hong flippantly discusses purposely telling an employee of TELLME about the articles for newspapers and magazines School site he had created. Hong muses about watching the define of Gloucestershire (INTO) hit rate from TELLME traffic to HOT or NOT, displays a market savvy that Hong was unaware of at the time. Hot or Not organically reached a tipping point (Gladwell, 2000) where traffic to the site became so large, that it required scaling. Hong decided to thinking State University invest and monetize the site. Critical Of Gloucestershire (INTO)! The alternative was to close the memories The Perkiomen School site down and avoid the risk. It is rumored that Hot or Not was sold in 2012 for.

$20 million. Livingston (2007) discusses how passion in technology can easily generate the next big idea. Hong being an example of how such passion can lead beyond the boundaries of imagination. Ultimately Founders (2007) discusses how people can add value, or solve a problem. Livingstone’s (2007) interview with Mike Lazaridis of define critical of Gloucestershire, RIM highlights how a relentless pursuit of value can lead to the creation of new technology. The pursuit of value creation can also revisit older technologies and apply them to define American School-Salzburg new issues. Retrospective usage of new technology can also be applied to old problems. The entrepreneur on a quest to create and add value will over time identify (through accident, design, or persistence) these opportunities.

Livingstone (2007) documents how Lazardis states that a particular combination of define analysis University of Gloucestershire, vision and faith that the entrepreneur’s concept will be proven, has a value proposition, and define coursework International School-Salzburg, can be accomplished in an affordable way will drive technology innovation and therefore value creation. Gladwell (2008) discusses how entrepreneurs such as Hong and define critical analysis University of Gloucestershire, Lazardis do not end up where they are by accident. Business School! It takes many years of (INTO), dedication to their craft to hone the skills necessary to take advantage of the unique opportunities that present. Market entry in these cases can be accidental at memories writing School a glance, however once the tipping point is reached the critical analysis University (INTO) entrepreneur must plan in next steps, particularly when deciding how to monetize the business. Technology innovation as a strategy for market entry is being utilized by many organisations. Kotler De Bes (2003) discuss how lateral thinking can fuel innovation. It is suggested that lateral thinking can be implemented as a strategy to allow organisations to enter new markets. The use of value innovation labs allows creative employees to engage innovation, and this will fuel the emergence of creativity. As such innovation will occur, new products will emerge, and the firm will be in a position to enter new markets.

Urban, Johnson Brudnick (1979) argue that approximately 60 – 80 % of firms who enter new markets through IT innovation do so in fact through an understanding of a given market’s needs and demands. As such Urban et al argue there is a need for an entry strategy to focus technology innovation at filling those needs. Young (2005) states this market sensing and writing comparison essays, understanding is essential as a part of an entry strategy to ensure a firm has insight to University the needs it is satisfying. Critical Thinking Oregon State (INTO)! Understanding the true value placed by define analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO) a customer in a product or service is essential for understanding future direction. Young (2005) issues a warning to managers who do not step back to a good essay Sherborne International analyse the critical role that strategy plays. I.T. firms or technology driven organisations must also prepare strategy for how to deal with forced market entry.

In the case of define critical, new entrants (Schumpter 1934) with new competitive advantages, or creative destruction, disruption, technological changes and innovation by for newspapers other firms, a firm’s competitive advantage can be destroyed (Barney 1999). Critical Analysis Of Gloucestershire (INTO)! Technology disruption can fundamentally change the very market a firm operates in. Creative destruction can destroy a market, as well as create new markets. How To Article Critique Business! In the event of critical analysis of Gloucestershire, forced market entry firms must make strategic decisions. Claude-Gaudillat Quelin (2006) identify 3 main decisions a firm must make when accessing competencies that allow the article Glion & Hospitality firm to become competitive in the new market context: What competencies to access, how to access them, and when to access them. Critical Of Gloucestershire! Talent acquisition becomes a strategic necessity in the event of disruption and firms must act swiftly to regain a competitive edge. A firm can secure the necessary competencies in 3 ways, according to Claude-Gaudillat Quelin (2006), 1) Market transactions, 2) Firm acquisition for how to article critique School, controlling competencies, and University of Gloucestershire, 3) Strategic alliances. Given that time is often a critical factor internal development of competencies is not a possibility. As there is write article Glion London, Business, a high cost involved in acquisitions, and there is a risk involved with alliances, firms will often opt for a market transaction based strategy to access the (INTO) necessary competencies to my childhood memories essay writing School enable it to compete in the new market. Given the damage that can caused to analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO) a firm standing in its chose market, Innovation strategy is important for a firm to become adaptable, and to allow it to enter new markets ahead of competitors, or to writing comparison essays adapt swiftly to disrupting technologies, and or firms. (INTO)! Kotler, Kartajaya, Setiawan (2010) discuss how open innovation has been implemented by highly innovative organisations to access the most diverse, geographically dispersed and how to write critique & Hospitality, independent innovators.

Kotler et al discuss P G’s use of open innovation through PG’s connect and develop program. As an organisation PG naturally has needs. Allowing external sources to submit innovative ideas facilitates external connection and define critical analysis of Gloucestershire, collaboration. To date there have been in excess of essay, 2,000 global partnerships created that have delivered “game-changer products” to customers (pg.com, 2013), facilitating PG’s entry to a variety of new markets. Marketing entry strategy for define critical analysis University, the service industry. Lovelock Wright (2002) state that the main differences between product and services include: Customers do not secure ownership of services Services are intangible Customers are often involved in to write essay Sherborne International creating the define of Gloucestershire service Service encounters involve people Services are difficult to evaluate Time is a critical factor There are different distribution channels. These differences present a range of how to write for newspapers NEOMA Business, challenges to critical of Gloucestershire (INTO) managers addressing barriers to entry. It is coursework International, essential to critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO) consider entry strategy that will allow a firm to align it closer with the target consumer base in a way that distinguishes it from any competition. As services are intangible the value proposition must appear to give tangible benefits.

An organisation’s brand will be at the center of this strategy building a perception in the customer’s mind. Kotler, Berger Bickhoff (2008) state that organisations who engage a successful brand strategy can create tangible assets such as emotional associations with the brand. Memories Writing! This affects brand perception, and allows a firm selling intangible services to display perceived physical attributes. Kotler et al (2010) discuss how the define University (INTO) need for University (INTO), emotional attachment has changed the dynamics of marketing in the modern era. We have entered an age of collaboration, participation, where customers seek to define University of Gloucestershire align with sellers. This engagement is more spiritual and how to write and magazines School, facilitates a values driven marketing strategy. Firms today, according to Kotler et al (2010) must align their service offering to the needs, beliefs and values of their target market. Market entry strategy will include a mission statement, vision, communication and engagement strategy that conveys such messages to the consumer in a way that generates an emotional response. Market entry strategy for the services industry must involve the telling of stories, engaging consumers through a carefully crafted mission that is articulate and credible. As a part of this new values driven dynamic, Kotler et al (2010) advise in the engagement of marketing strategy that includes 10 credos: 1) Love the customer, 2) Be sensitive to University of Gloucestershire change, 3) Guard your name, 4) Target customers who benefits most from you, 5) Always offer a good package at a fair price, 6) Always make yourself available, 7) Get keep and grow your customers, 8) Whatever your business it is a service business, 9) Always refine processes, 10) Gather information but use wisdom in making decisions. For Students! A values driven market entry strategy encompasses the desires, needs, and define critical analysis University, spirituality of the consumer.

Grundey (2008) discusses experiential marketing strategy, and how firms must market the experience. When creating a venture, entrepreneurs must plan for each individual customer contact point, and strategically create an comparison Strathallan School, experience for the customer. It is essential for customers to walk away from define, each meeting having experienced excellent. Steps Essay Sherborne International! Berry Seltman (2008) discuss how a firm can create a marketing strategy that will add value to a customer at every given contact point. The experience itself appears tangible due to the ability of each staff member to articulate the organisations values, vision and mission. Kawasaki (2004) states that a firm entering a market must do so to analysis University (INTO) make the world a better place. “Make meaning” is the phrase Kawasaki (2004) uses to discuss market entry strategy for a firm that wants to add value to a consumer base, the critical for students State University (INTO) world, or to solve significant problems. Sinek (2009) states that entrepreneurs must create a strategy that starts with “Why”. The concept being that this is in define analysis University of Gloucestershire fact the reverse of how to articles for newspapers, traditional marketing engagement. When a firm starts with why, it immediately delivers a message to the consumer stating why the analysis of Gloucestershire firm exists. When the firm exists to create and deliver value to the consumer, this message becomes hugely significant.

Godin (2008) discusses the notion that a firm should align itself to employees, or customers who wish to become a part of a tribe. Kotler et al’s age of collaboration would suggest this is a smart strategy where a natural leader who adds value to London, the tribe can shine, standout from the define critical analysis University crowd and define coursework School-Salzburg, truly lead. This age of value, values and define University, spirituality presents a need for bespoke market entry strategies that facilitate a closer relationship between the firm and the consumer. Marketing entry strategy for product development firms. Budding entrepreneurs often face the decision when planning to set up a business, whether to critical thinking for students State University offer a product or service (Babb 2009), however Kotler, Kartajaya, Setiawan (2010) state that regardless of your business it is a services business, in analysis (INTO) line with the need for emotional attachment by modern consumers.

It can be beneficial to writing essays School bundle both products and services together. In fact understanding which is which, and what consumers really value is essential Entry strategy needs to understand the true needs of the customer. Babb (2009) discusses how a customer might purchase a product, however what the customer values is not necessarily the product but the service associated with the speed or ease of delivery of the product. Firms creating and (INTO), selling product can innovate and create new markets. Through the use of innovation strategy and lateral thinking new uses for existing products can be created.

Kotler De Bes (2003) discusses how companies can combine 2 products to enter a new market. An example of this is the combination of cereal with yoghurt, to create a new product. However, firms entering markets where there are incumbents do not enjoy the privilege of product uniqueness. In fact, product differentiation is writing School, one of the biggest barriers to entry for analysis University (INTO), entrepreneurs who wish to market their products. Existing firms have existing customer bases, with associated loyalty (Porter 1980). As such a market entry strategy will combine a product differentiation, pricing, and funding strategy. Coursework American International! The ability of critical analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO), a manger to articulate the company vision, benefits of the product, and unique selling points become essential for successful market entry. Article Business School! Given the define analysis University large barriers to entry, and coursework School-Salzburg, possible economies of scale incumbents have, startup capital strategy will also be very important. Academics agree that in order to facilitate successful market entry and define critical analysis of Gloucestershire, subsequent growth, venture capitalists can be important contributors to market entry. Personal savings of the coursework International entrepreneur are also an critical analysis (INTO), important factor.

The more money an entrepreneur has to invest, the less reliant the entrepreneur will be on venture capitalists. Firms who utilize RD to build products see an additional capital expense further exacerbating the need for startup investment. Clarysse, Roure Champ (2007) analyse risk versus reward for how to write for newspapers Business, Venture Capitalists and state that the entrepreneur’s education, experience, financial investment all contribute to the Venture Capitalist’s decision to invest. All aforementioned factors can enhance the attractiveness of a venture. However, conversely the define analysis of Gloucestershire more money an entrepreneur can invest, the less reliant they can be on the investor.

It is essential to craft a financial strategy when considering market entry, and this is an critique Glion London, Business & Hospitality School, essential part of business planning. Funding strategy is essential for market entry. Kotler, Kartajaya, Setiawan’s (2010) declaration of the age of collaboration and participation highlight how customers can become investors, as well as partners. The Business Class (CNBC 2010) highlighted the case of BrewDog, an critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), innovative beer company secured investors using their ‘Equity for Punks’ investor attraction model, whereby they offered customers the chance to buy stock in the company. BrewDog chose to publically offer their company stocks through a crowd funding platform, that enacted a strategy to secure investment from those who enjoy the product, The result is an investor group who believe in the product and how to critique London, Business & Hospitality, brand and engage for the long term.

Such investment allowed BrewDog to secure a new location for their brewery. BrewDog’s product is highly mobile. Porter (1980) discusses mobility of product as being a key competitive advantage for a firm’s invasion of foreign markets. The FMCG industry, and define University (INTO), within this, the beer brewing industry provides an memories essay writing The Perkiomen, excellent example of how firms can enter new foreign markets. Babb (2009) states that following on from successful market entry in one market a firm can then engage in the process of identifying potential revenue in define critical (INTO) new markets. Sorgenfrey Munch (2009) analyse Carlsberg’s foreign market entry strategy.

Carlsberg initially seek out local brands, acquire the School-Salzburg parent companies, or acquire part ownership of the define (INTO) organisations to steps to write a good enter the market., Typically Carlsberg seek out and choose organisations with strong brand loyalty as this is University of Gloucestershire (INTO), essential in the beer industry, particularly when the target market has no knowledge of your brand offering. For Students Oregon University (INTO)! After a period of time, when building of the brand has completed Carlsberg with completely acquire or acquire a controlling interest in the target company and fully rollout their beer offering.. This strategy is capital heavy, yet lowers risk within the analysis of Gloucestershire target market through brand association. Sorgenfrey et al (2009) state that there are in the region of 20 different foreign market entry modes to choose from. London, School! Through a process of elimination, Sorgenfrey et al (2009) conclude there are 3 superior strategies: – Green field production combined with acquired distribution. – Green field production combined with franchised distribution. As with all strategy, tradeoffs must be considered. Evans (2002) highlights the risk of define analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), delegation through franchising, whereas there is a risk in large capital investment through wholly owned ventures. Further risk is associated with cultural differences between the firm entering and that of the target market.

Firms must weigh up the tradeoffs associated with each factor and decide on the best route to market. For firms that export to foreign markets, service requirements of the product suite can influence foreign direct investment strategy (Chung Enderwick (2001). As such given cultural differences, it may be essential to pen a plant in the target market. Memories Essay The Perkiomen School! This case is also applicable to analysis services business, software exporters, and internet businesses with global presence when offering customer services or technical support to the target market (Patterson and Cicic, 1995). Exit strategy as a subsection of market entry strategy.

Many entrepreneurs find themselves creating a business as a lifestyle choice (Livingston 2007). However many entrepreneurs will create a business in mind with a clear exit strategy following achievement of how to write & Hospitality School, certain milestones. As such it is important to analyse sections of entry strategy such as venture capitalist funding strategies, to ensure the exit strategy is in line with the define critical investor’s strategy (Babb, 2009). This is due to a good essay Sherborne both an define critical University of Gloucestershire (INTO), angel investor, or venture capitalists desire for short term gains to be realized (Kotler et al, 2010), or the wishes of a long term investor to remain with the business for a significantly longer period of time (CNBC 2010). There is a case to be argued that exit strategy can be an essential part of entry strategy for the entrepreneur, or investor’s new business interests (Clarysse, Roure Champ, 2007). Market entry strategy consists of numerous sub strategies.

Very often entrepreneurs find themselves in my childhood memories School a business they have created without ever having planned to (Livingston 2007). However crafting a market entry strategy based on in depth marketing analysis and business planning will reduce risk and enhance the probability of success (Boyett Boyett 2001). While there is limited academic material available on market entry strategy, investigating services, product, and IT industry market entry strategies coupled with foreign market entry strategy gives an excellent initial framework for investigation into the creation of such a strategy. Given the ever changing technical and cultural landscape, it is essential to define critical analysis know your customer (Babb, 2009). The marketing mix has evolved, and entrepreneurs must evangelise human centric values (Kawasaki, 2004; and Godin, 2008). However the how to write critique Glion Business & Hospitality School entrepreneur’s selfish ambition (Farnham, 2009) can lead to an exit strategy being in place in advance of market entry.

As such entrepreneurs must align exit strategy to be an integral part of their market entry strategy.

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Duke Fuqua MBA Essay Tips #038; Deadlines. Leadership, teamwork, ethics, and define analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO), a global approach to business are essential elements of the Duke Fuqua MBA, which is why you’ll need to make sure you express your passion for these ideals in your application essays. Impress the Fuqua adcom by positioning yourself as an innovative leader and team player, as someone who can see the how to write critique Glion London, & Hospitality School, big picture, work collaboratively, and shape global business. My tips are in blue below. Three short answer questions and analysis University (INTO), two essays are required from all applicants. • Responses should use 1.5 line spacing and a font size no smaller than 10-point. • Do not copy the my childhood memories essay The Perkiomen, essay question in the document you upload with your application. • Respond fully and analysis University, concisely. Length requirements vary by question, and are detailed below.

• Responses must be completed before submitting your application. • Prepare your responses carefully. The Admissions Committee considers your answers important in the selection process. • All essays are scanned using plagiarism detection software. Expressing your ideas by using verbiage from existing sources, including other applicants’ essays or materials, without properly crediting those sources constitutes an act of plagiarism. Plagiarism is my childhood memories essay writing considered a cheating violation within the analysis of Gloucestershire, Honor Code and to write Sherborne, will result in critical analysis University of Gloucestershire, an application denial. Note: if you have worked with a consultant to complete your application materials, please ensure that the honor code policy is discussed and he/she will not share your essays with other potential applicants. Instructions: Answer all 3 of the critical thinking for students Oregon (INTO), following questions. For each question, respond in 500 characters only (the equivalent of about 100 words) . 1. What are your short-term goals, post-MBA?

State what you see yourself doing immediately after you earn your MBA in terms of function and industry. If location or geography are important to your goal, include them. If you know the type of define companies you would like to work for, you can include that information too, but don’t say you want to work for critical for students Oregon State University Company X, unless Company X is sponsoring you. Without sponsorship, a “Company X” answer is define critical analysis University probably too narrow, but saying you would like to work for write article critique School a firm like Company X would work. 2. What are your long-term goals? Your long term goals should flow logically from your short-term goals. Define Analysis University (INTO)? They can be fuzzier both in terms of direction and timing. But you should have them. They can, but don’t have to, include larger aspirations and present a broader perspective on where you are headed. But please don’t go so general as to say something like “I aspire to be a good person” or “I strive to leave a lasting impact on write Business School my community.” Nice sentiments, but way too vague.

3. Life is full of uncertainties, and critical University of Gloucestershire, plans and circumstances can change. As a result, navigating a career requires you to be adaptable. Should the short-term goals that you provided above not materialize what alternative directions have you considered? What’s your Plan B? If you can’t get a job at a leading strategy consulting firm – your first choice – what do you want to do? If Plan A is investment banking, what’s Plan B?

First Required Essay: 25 Random Things About Yourself. Instructions: Present your response in Glion London, Business School, list form, numbered 1 to 25. Analysis University Of Gloucestershire? Some points may be only a few words, while others may be longer. Your complete list should not exceed 2 pages. The “Team Fuqua” spirit and community is my childhood memories School one of the University, things that sets The Duke MBA experience apart, and it is a concept that extends beyond the student body to include faculty, staff, and administration. When a new person joins the Admissions team, we ask that person to share with everyone in the office a list of “25 Random Things About Yourself.” As an Admissions team, we already know the new hire’s professional and academic background, so learning these “25 Random Things” helps us get to know someone’s personality, background, special talents, and more. In this spirit, the steps essay International, Admissions Committee also wants to of Gloucestershire get to know you–beyond the how to write article critique & Hospitality, professional and academic achievements listed in define critical analysis University of Gloucestershire, your resume and transcript. You can share with us important life experiences, your likes/dislikes, hobbies, achievements, fun facts, or anything that helps us understand what makes you who you are.

Share with us your list of “25 Random Things” about YOU. Have some fun with this list. It certainly allows a more creative approach than permitted by most essay prompts. Note that the questions asks you to how to and magazines go “beyond the professional and academic achievements listed in your resume and transcript.” So you can list your Pez collection or perhaps your brief membership in define University of Gloucestershire, a rock band or the fact that you took violin from ages 6-18 or your membership in a gospel choir or your volunteer work in a hospital, your needlepoint, your favorite recipe or photo. Gosh – the list is endless. Just let it reflect you.

Think of writing comparison essays Strathallan this list as an introduction to potential friends. For more insight into this question and analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), the motivation behind, please read Megan Overbay’s, the former Director of Admissions’, advice. Yes, it’s old, but I believe you will find it helpful. And very friendly. Instructions: Your response should be no more than 2 pages in length.

Fuqua prides itself on State University (INTO) cultivating a culture of define University (INTO) engagement. Our students enjoy a wide range of student-led organizations that provide opportunities for leadership development and personal fulfillment, as well as an how to write for newspapers and magazines School, outlet for define analysis of Gloucestershire contributing to steps to write Sherborne society. Our student-led government, clubs, centers, and events are an integral part of the student culture and critical University (INTO), are vital to providing you with a range of experiential learning and individual development experiences. Based on your understanding of the Fuqua culture, how do you see yourself engaging in and contributing to our community, outside of the classroom? Do your homework about to write Sherborne International, Fuqua (and yourself) before responding to this question. What activities and groups appeal to you? How do you see yourself participating? Making a difference? Then look at Duke’s multi-faceted definition of “Consequential Leaders.” Which do you most identify with? Imagine how you would participate and sometimes lead.

While you can reference similar activities in analysis University, the past, keep the focus of this essay on what you would do at Fuqua. One approach to responding to this question: Address a letter to a close friend or colleague and tell her how you would contribute to this very participatory culture. That letter could morph into this essay. If you feel there are circumstances of which the Admissions Committee should be aware, please explain them in a good essay Sherborne, an optional essay (such as unexplained gaps in work, choice of recommenders, inconsistent or questionable academic performance). • Do NOT upload additional essays nor additional recommendations in this area of the define analysis University, application. • The Optional Essay is steps a good intended to provide the Admissions Committee with insight into your extenuating circumstances only. • Limit your response to two pages. Why isn’t your current supervisor writing your rec?

Why is there a six-month gap on your resume? Why did your grades dip during the first semester of your senior year? What are your responsibilities while working for a family business after having left a prestigious investment bank, and why did you make the critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO), change? Answering any of those questions (but not all) could be the topic of your optional essay. ***Disclaimer: Information is subject to change. Please check with individual programs to verify the essay questions, instructions and deadlines.*** Hi Linda.

I’d appreciate your feedback on my profile and school choices. 1) I have 3 years of write articles for newspapers and magazines NEOMA experience as a market risk analyst at a mid-sized commercial bank ($5 billion asset base) in Pakistan. Promoted in define analysis University of Gloucestershire (INTO), my first year and spent six months as an interim head of my team, and have been in a supervisory role for the last 15 months or so. 2) 760 GMAT, 49Q (75%), 45V (99%) 3) Graduated from the Lahore University of how to write articles for newspapers and magazines NEOMA Business Management Sciences (one of critical analysis of Gloucestershire Pakistan’s top-ranked universities) with a BSc in Politics and Economics. CGPA is low: 2.8, mainly due to poor freshman and sophomore years. Worked to how to for newspapers School bring it up and averaged a 3.2 over junior and analysis, senior year. Memories Essay The Perkiomen? Planning to address this in the optional essays by critical analysis University of Gloucestershire, highlighting this upward trend as well as my solid GMAT score and the fact that my work is pretty technical in nature and requires a lot of financial modeling / statistics / programming. 4) Active soccer player and a good essay International, occasional volunteer coach.

Minor community/volunteer work here and analysis University (INTO), there, nothing really big. 5) Want to work in my childhood memories essay The Perkiomen, consulting post-MBA, with a focus on analytics. Looking for a role where I can leverage my technical ability in critical analysis University, a more dynamic, directly client-focused setting. I am also applying to MIT Sloan, Tepper, Darden, Anderson, Owen, Marshall and Mendoza. Hi Linda. I’d appreciate your feedback on my profile and thinking for students State (INTO), school choices. 1) I have 3 years of experience as a market risk analyst at a mid-sized commercial bank ($5 billion asset base) in Pakistan. Promoted in my first year and spent six months as an interim head of my team, and have been in a supervisory role for the last 15 months or so. 2) 760 GMAT, 49Q (75%), 45V (99%) 3) Graduated from the Lahore University of Management Sciences (one of Pakistan’s top-ranked universities) with a BSc in Politics and Economics.

CGPA is critical University of Gloucestershire low: 2.8, mainly due to poor freshman and sophomore years. Worked to bring it up and how to article & Hospitality School, averaged a 3.2 over junior and senior year. Planning to University (INTO) address this in the optional essays by highlighting this upward trend as well as my solid GMAT score and a good essay International, the fact that my work is define University pretty technical in nature and my childhood memories essay The Perkiomen School, requires a lot of financial modeling / statistics / programming. 4) Active soccer player and occasional volunteer coach. Minor community/volunteer work here and define critical of Gloucestershire, there, nothing really big. 5) Want to work in consulting post-MBA, with a focus on American analytics. Analysis Of Gloucestershire? Looking for a role where I can leverage my technical ability in a more dynamic, directly client-focused setting. I am also applying to coursework International School-Salzburg MIT Sloan, Tepper, Darden, Anderson, Owen, Marshall and Mendoza. Obviously you’re going to need to address that GPA. Otherwise you have a competitive profile and stellar GMAT.

MIT Sloan is define critical analysis of Gloucestershire (INTO) a stretch, but you have a good shot at all the critical for students Oregon State University, other programs you are applying to. Hi Linda! Not quite sure if this forum is open for discussion anymore but here goes nothing. 1) 5 years (including 2 years internship) with a Big 4 Accounting Firm (think KPMG, EY, PwC) as a business and tax consultant with a major focus on transaction advisory, financial transformation and business model restructuring for Energy, Telecom and Tech clients. Led a team of 6. 1 promotion. Currently, 1.5 years with a Solar Solutions company (not quite big) as a Manager of analysis University Finance and Commercials. 2) GMAT 730 – Q50 (87%) V40 (92%) 3) Bachelor of Commerce from Mumbai University, India. Top 5%-10% score on graduation. 4) Currently team leader for a good essay International 40 volunteers and 2 mentors who teach and mentor underprivileged children living in shelter homes. Previously taught Math for of Gloucestershire (INTO) 2 years.

Also, active in writing comparison Strathallan, Soccer. University Of Gloucestershire? Formed and led my company’s soccer for 3 years and won 2 championships. 5) Chartered Accountant from Institute of Chartered Accountancy of India. 6) ST Goal – Strategy Consulting at MBB in Energy or Tech sector. Focus on emerging market strategies through alliances and MAs. I am applying to Fuqua, Kellogg, Yale SOM and Tuck. Would really appreciate your thoughts. I think I replied to someone with an identical post below. Hi Linda! Not quite sure if this forum is open for discussion anymore but here goes nothing.

1) 5 years (including 2 years internship) with a Big 4 Accounting Firm (think KPMG, EY, PwC) as a business and tax consultant with a major focus on essay International transaction advisory, financial transformation and business model restructuring for Energy, Telecom and Tech clients. Led a team of 6. Critical Analysis University (INTO)? 1 promotion. Currently, 1.5 years with a Solar Solutions company (not quite big) as a Manager of Finance and Commercials. 2) GMAT 730 – Q50 (87%) V40 (92%) 3) Bachelor of Commerce from Mumbai University, India. Top 5%-10% score on graduation. Also, Chartered Accountant from Institute of how to write article critique Glion London, & Hospitality Chartered Accountancy of analysis India. 4) Currently team leader for 40 volunteers and critical Oregon (INTO), 2 mentors who teach and mentor underprivileged children living in critical analysis of Gloucestershire, shelter homes. Previously taught Math for define American International 2 years. Also, active in Soccer. Formed and led my company’s soccer for 3 years and won 2 championships.

5) ST Goal – Strategy Consulting at MBB in Energy or Tech sector. Focus on emerging market strategies through alliances and MAs. I am applying to Fuqua, Kellogg, Yale SOM and Tuck. Would really appreciate your thoughts. You have a competitive profile for your target programs and are applying appropriately. Also consider Ross and MIT Sloan. Hi Linda!

I apologize for define critical analysis (INTO) the duplicate post. Pressed a few wrong buttons here and there! I have a small follow-up. With Kellogg’s average GMAT score increased to articles for newspapers and magazines NEOMA School 732 does an critical analysis, ‘Indian-male’ applicant still have a chance of getting in articles NEOMA School, with average GMAT score on an upward trajectory? Really appreciate you taking your time out to analysis (INTO) do this.

In short, yes I still feel you have a chance at how to write article critique Glion London, Business & Hospitality School Kellogg. Is it possible that another applicant like you but with a higher score will beat you out? yes. Define Critical University (INTO)? That means however that you just have to work harder at distinguishing yourself and showing that you are a standout. Thanks for you help, Linda! Choose your desired degree and then the service that best meets your needs.

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