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Business Plan Help for the Overwhelmed Small Business Owner. If you are a small business owner who is struggling to write a business plan, help is here. Custom Written Glion Of Higher Education? Planning is one of the most important, yet often underestimated, parts of articles in writing Besant School starting a business. In fact, many businesses fail from lack of research, goals and a thorough plan. The business planning process requires a lot of time, work and effort, though. It can be overwhelming for many small business owners. This guide will explain why a business plan is a must-have, provide a shortcut to written essays Glion Of Higher Education the business planning process, help you collect important background information, and get you started with a working business plan outline. Do You Really Need a Business Plan? Do you really need to articles in writing Besant Hill School spend time and written Institute effort developing a business plan? Should you even bother?

The answer is: Yes, you need a plan. But, no, you may not need a 10-page, structured, traditional business plan. In almost every case, having a business plan of some sort will help your small business succeed. A business plan gives you direction, helps you qualify your ideas and clarifies the path you intend to take with your business. This article will explain some of the University of Exeter (INTO) most important reasons you should slow down and create a plan to guide your small business journey. More. Continue to 2 of 8 below.

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It provides a clear explanation of an income statement, balance sheet and cash flow projection. This is a great primer to courswork University get you started, especially if you are overwhelmed by your business planning financials. Once you#39;re comfortable with the basics, you can dig a little deeper into sales forecasting to custom Glion Institute Education explore what you should be researching in the industry and in your market in order to make sound forecasts. More. How To Write Article? Continue to custom essays Of Higher Education 7 of University 8 below. A Complete Business Plan Outline for Traditional Business Plans. You may have started with the simple business plan exercise and decided you were ready to add more meat to your business plan. Or, perhaps you are jumping right to custom Glion Of Higher Education the traditional business plan because you need it for investors, a grant application or to solicit some other type of support. This is where you want to go next if you#39;re ready to develop a traditional business plan, ready for external eyes. Help Me Write My Essay Study? This business plan outline walks you through each standard section of a business plan, in custom Education, the order they typically appear.

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La Cour Supreme des Etats-Unis et la decision Hamdan c. Custom Written Institute Education? Rumsfeld. Sommaire des nouveaux numeros. Votre alerte a bien ete prise en compte. Vous recevrez un email a chaque nouvelle parution d'un numero de cette revue. Erreur lors de l'enregistrement de votre alerte. Vous avez deja enregistre cette alerte.

Vous pouvez gerer vos alertes depuis le menu Mon cairn.info. La decision de la Cour Supreme dans Hamdan c. Write Of A? Rumsfeld le 29 juin 2006, vint clarifier un certain nombre de considerations legales concernant les commissions militaires autorisees par le president George W. Custom Institute Of Higher Education? Bush par un ordre militaire du 13 novembre 2001, a la suite des attentats du 11 septembre sur le World Trade Center et le Pentagone – ordre qui souleva de vives polemiques et qui prit par surprise le secretaire d’Etat Colin Powell et la conseillere a la Securite nationale Condoleezza Rice [1] [1] Jane Mayer, “The Hidden Power”, The New Yorker, 3 juillet. Articles Hill School? . L’administration Bush avait soutenu dans l’affaire Hamdan que les pouvoirs inherents qui appartiennent au president aux termes de l’article II incluaient le plein pouvoir de creer des commissions militaires. Institute Education? Aux termes de cette position, il n’etait donc pas besoin de solliciter une loi a cet effet aupres du Congres. University? Telle qu’elle fut exprimee dans le brief du departement de la Justice, cette position de l’administration affirme que les pouvoirs presidentiels aux termes de l’article II « incluent le pouvoir inherent de creer des commissions militaires meme en l’absence d’autorisation statutaire specifique, parce que ce pouvoir est un element essentiel des pouvoirs de guerre [du president] et existe de longue date » [2] [2] Brief for Institute Respondents, Hamdan c. Courswork University Of Exeter? Rumsfeld, N° 05-184. Essays Glion Institute? . Courswork University? En consequence, soutient l’administration Bush, tout au long de l’histoire de la nation, les presidents successifs ont exerce le pouvoir inherent dont ils disposent en tant que commandants en chef pour etablir des commissions militaires sans autorisation du Congres [3] [3] Ibid., p. Written Essays Institute Education? 22. Write Article Sevenoaks? . Essays Glion Education? Et l’administration se fonda sur les precedents offerts par des causes similaires pour soutenir que le president pouvait determiner que les protections accordees aux prisonniers de guerre et aux detenus aux termes de la Convention de Geneve ne s’appliquaient pas a Al-Qaida en Afghanistan ou ailleurs, et que les detenus d’Al-Qaida ne pouvaient etre consideres comme prisonniers de guerre [4] [4] Ibid., p. Html School? 38. Essays Institute Education? . Write Sevenoaks? Une position qui souleve de nombreuses critiques aux Etats-Unis et notamment au sein de ce qu’on en vint a appeler la quatrieme branche du gouvernement. Custom Essays Glion? « Ce president a mis en avant des theses qui sont reellement alarmantes, commente le New Yorker . Write A Journal Article Sevenoaks School? D’apres lui, il n’est pas de limites a son pouvoir, tel qu’il le concoit, de rassembler des informations, d’ouvrir le courrier, d’avoir recours a la torture, et d’utiliser des moyens de surveillance electronique. Written Of Higher Education? Si nous suivons le raisonnement du president, nous pourrions nous permettre de mettre le Congres hors d’etat de fonctionner en raison de l’etendue des fuites d’information qui proviennent des membres du corps legislatif. Conclusion The Storm King? » [5] [5] Voir Jane Mayer, art. Custom Essays Glion Of Higher Education? cit., pp. Article? 44-45. Dans Hamdan , la Cour Supreme soutint que les commissions militaires du genre de celles qui etaient etablies par l’administration n’etaient expressement autorisees par aucune loi ( statute ) du Congres. Essays Glion Of Higher? La loi en vigueur, y compris l’article 21 du Uniform Code of my essay Center, Military Justice (UCMJ), ne reconnait pas au president un mandat pour autoriser toute sorte de commission qu’il decide d’etablir. Custom Written Glion Education? La Cour ne trouva pas non plus de justification dans le texte meme ou dans l’histoire legislative de l’ Authorization for how to a summary of a article School Use of custom essays Institute Of Higher, Military Force (AUMF), qui fut adopte apres les evenements du 11 septembre 2001, qui entendait etendre la portee de l’autorisation reconnue aux termes de l’article 21 ou en modifier les termes [6] [6] Hamdan c. My Essay Center? Rumsfeld, 126 S.Ct. Written Glion Of Higher Education? 2749, 2006. Write A Journal Article? . Institute Education? L’AUMF fut adopte afin d’autoriser les operations militaires contre l’Afghanistan.

Aucun membre du Congres ne fit mention, au cours des debats legislatifs portant sur l’AUMF, de l’etablissement de tribunaux militaires. Article School? La Cour ne trouva pas non plus d’autorite pour etablir des telles commissions dans le Detainee Treatment Act du 30 decembre 2005. Custom Essays Glion Education? Cette loi fut promulguee par le Congres afin de fournir des criteres uniformes pour l’interrogation de personnes detenues par le departement de la Defense. How To Write Research Monkton Combe? Dans l’une des sections de cette loi (la section 1005), le Congres mentionna les commissions militaires, mais la Cour considera cette reference insuffisante pour justifier legalement des commissions comme celles envisagees ou creees par l’administration. Custom Essays Glion Institute Of Higher? Ainsi, la Cour identifia dans l’etablissement des commissions militaires des deficiences fondamentales du point de vue de la separation des pouvoirs. How To Write A Summary Of A Research Article Combe School? Les commissions comme celles qui etaient envisagees ou etablies par l’administration « risquaient de concentrer entre les mains du pouvoir militaire un degre de pouvoir de juger et de sanctionner qui excedait celui qui fut envisage par la loi ou par la Constitution ». La Cour decida que la commission militaire etablie par l’administration violait pour ce qui est de sa structure meme et de ses procedures a la fois l’UCMJ et les quatre Conventions de Geneve. Custom Written Institute? La haute juridiction conclut en effet que l’article 36 de l’UCMJ n’avait pas ete respecte, parce que le president avait mis en avant des justifications insuffisantes pour s’ecarter des procedures qui gouvernaient les cours martiales. Besant Hill School? La Cour s’inquieta de ce que l’accuse et son conseil civil « pouvaient etre exclus et empeches de connaitre quelles preuves furent presentees au cours d’une partie quelconque du proces que l’autorite qui avait etabli la commission ou l’officier qui la presidait decideraient d’“interdire” ». Glion Institute Of Higher Education? Egalement inquietant etait le fait que ni « les temoignages devant la commission, ni les depositions des temoins ne devaient etre faits sous serment ».

L’administration n’etait pas tenue de suivre chacune des procedures etablies dans l’UCMJ, mais tout ecart vis-a-vis de ces procedures devait etre proportionne a l’exigence qui l’avait rendu necessaire. Monkton School? Or il s’agit la d’une exigence a laquelle l’administration ne s’etait pas conformee. Essays Glion Institute Of Higher? A moins d’etre impraticables, les regles etablies aux termes du Manual for of a research article Monkton Combe Courts-Martial « devaient s’appliquer aux commissions militaires ». Written Essays Glion? Or rien dans les documents soumis a la Cour ne montrait qu’il serait impraticable d’appliquer les regles et procedures des cours martiales dans le cas d’espece. University? Le fait que l’administration soit incapable de demontrer le caractere impraticable ou le fait qu’elle ne veuille pas le faire est particulierement troublant lorsqu’on le considere a la lumiere de l’echec evident de l’administration quant au respect de l’une des protections les plus fondamentales reconnues non seulement par le Manual for essays Glion Courts-Martial , mais aussi par l’UCMJ : le droit pour l’accuse d’etre present. La Haute cour s’exprima en ces termes : La commission militaire, un tribunal qui n’est ni mentionne dans la Constitution ni cree par statut, est nee de la necessite militaire. Write Article? La necessite seule ne peut justifier l’etablissement de tribunaux militaires penaux et le recours a de tels tribunaux qui n’ont pas ete envisages par l’article I § 8 et l’article II § 1 de la Constitution, a moins qu’une autre partie de ce document n’autorise une reponse a une telle necessite lorsque celle-ci se fait ressentir […].

Et cette autorite, si elle existe, peut seulement decouler de pouvoirs confies de facon concurrente au president et au Congres en temps de guerre […]. Custom Of Higher Education? Pris ensemble, continue la Cour, l’UCMJ, l’AUMF et le DTA reconnaissent tout au plus une autorite presidentielle d’etablir des commissions militaires dans des circonstances qui seraient justifiees aux termes de la Constitution et des lois, y compris la loi de la guerre. Essay Conclusion The Storm King School? En l’absence d’une autorisation plus specifique de la part du Congres, le devoir de la Cour est de decider comme elle l’a fait dans [Ex parte] Quirin si la commission militaire qui doit juger Hamdan est justifiee. Ayant ecarte les objections d’ordre juridictionnel, le juge Stevens affirma qu’« aucune des actions que Hamdan etait accuse d’avoir commis ne constitue une violation du droit de la guerre ». Custom Written Essays Institute Of Higher Education? Ces faits a eux seuls jettent un doute sur le caractere legal de l’accusation, et en consequence, de la commission elle-meme. A Journal Article Sevenoaks? […] Le delit dont on written essays Glion Institute Of Higher, accuse Hamdan « n’est pas susceptible d’etre juge par une commission militaire etablie aux termes du droit de la guerre […]. Online Html School? Il n’est pas suggere que le Congres, en exercant son autorite constitutionnelle de “definir et de punir […] les delits contre le droit des gens” a identifie le “complot” ou la “conspiration” comme constituant un crime de guerre ». Custom Written Glion Institute Education? Or, « sans autorisation explicite de la part du Congres », on help me write my essay Holland Study Center, encourt le risque de « concentrer dans les mains du pouvoir militaire un degre de pouvoir judiciaire et punitif au-dela de ce qui fut envisage par les lois ou par la Constitution ». Que le gouvernement ait inculpe Hamdan d’un delit contre la loi de la guerre susceptible d’etre juge par commission militaire ou non, « la commission n’a pas le pouvoir de juger Hamdan, affirma le juge Stevens pour la majorite. Custom Essays Glion Of Higher Education? L’UCMJ soumet le recours par le president a des commissions militaires a l’exigence de conformite non seulement avec la common law of essay writing conclusion The Storm King School, war mais aussi avec le reste de l’UCMJ, en tant qu’il s’applique, et avec les regles et les preceptes du droit des gens » [7] [7] Hamdan c. Custom Written Essays Glion Education? Rumsfeld, 548 U.S., Ibid. Articles Besant? , y compris, entre autres, les quatre Conventions de Geneve signees en 1949. En plus de vices de procedures que le juge Stevens identifia, notamment en ce qui concerne le mode d’administration de preuves au sein de la commission et l’acces par l’accuse aux preuves et temoignages introduits contre lui, il souligna que « les procedures gouvernant les proces par commission militaire historiquement ont ete les memes que celles gouvernant les cours martiales. Custom Essays Institute Education? […] Le principe d’uniformite n’est pas inflexible ; il n’exclut pas une deviation des procedures dictees par le recours aux cours martiales. Courswork Of Exeter? Mais toute deviation doit etre a la mesure de l’exigence qui l’a rendue necessaire. Custom Written Essays Glion Of Higher Education? […] Les regles mises en avant dans le Manual for html classes Stonar Courts-Martial doivent etre appliquees aux commissions militaires a moins qu’elles ne soient impraticables. Custom Essays? […] Rien dans les documents ou dossiers qui nous sont soumis ne montre qu’il serait impraticable d’appliquer les regles des cours martiales dans le cas d’espece » [8] [8] Ibid. Stonar? . Enfin, la Cour affirma que les procedures adoptees par l’administration pour les tribunaux militaires violaient les Conventions de Geneve. Custom Written Essays Glion Institute? Une cour federale inferieure avait ecarte cet argument aux motifs suivants : (1) Les Conventions de Geneve ne sont pas susceptibles d’etre mises en ?uvre devant les tribunaux ; (2) dans tous les cas, le demandeur dans le cas d’espece (Salim Ahmed Hamdan) ne jouissait pas du droit de se prevaloir de la protection de ces conventions et (3) meme dans un tel cas, l’abstention judiciaire etait en l’occurrence la reponse la plus appropriee a sa demande.

En ce qui concerne ce dernier point, les cours federales conclurent qu’elles devaient attendre l’issue d’un proces militaire en cours avant de pouvoir connaitre d’une mise en cause de ce meme proces. Classes Stonar? La Cour Supreme rejeta chacun de ces trois arguments. Glion Institute Of Higher Education? Quels que soient les droits qui devaient etre reconnus a Hamdan, la Cour decida que ces droits faisaient partie du droit de la guerre. Html Stonar School? De plus le respect du droit de la guerre est « la condition en vertu de laquelle l’autorite mise en avant aux termes de l’article 21 est reconnue ». Custom Essays Glion Institute Education? La Cour decida qu’il etait au moins une disposition des Conventions de Geneve qui s’appliquait a l’affaire Hamdan – l’article 3 auquel l’on se refere souvent comme le Common Article 3 (article 3 commun) parce qu’il est commun aux quatre Conventions de Geneve. Write Article Sevenoaks? Le Common Article 3 prevoit [9] [9] L’article 3 commun aux quatre Conventions de Geneve. Custom Essays Glion Of Higher? qu’en cas de conflit arme ne presentant pas un caractere international et surgissant sur le territoire de l’une des hautes parties contractantes, chacune des parties au conflit sera tenue d’appliquer au moins les dispositions qui « protegent les personnes qui ne participent pas directement aux hostilites, y compris les membres de forces armees qui ont depose les armes et les personnes qui ont ete mises hors de combat par […] la detention ». In Writing Hill? L’une de ces dispositions interdit que des condamnations soient prononcees et des executions effectuees sans un jugement prealable, rendu par un tribunal regulierement constitue, assorti des garanties judiciaires reconnues comme indispensables par les peuples civilises. Custom Written Essays Glion Of Higher? La cour federale d’appel fut d’accord avec la these de l’administration selon laquelle le Common Article 3 ne s’appliquait pas a Hamdan, puisque le conflit avec Al-Qaida avait bel et bien une portee internationale et n’appartenait donc pas a la categorie susmentionnee de « conflit arme ne presentant pas un caractere international ». Help Me Write International Center? La Cour Supreme considera que ce raisonnement etait errone.

Le conflit avec Al-Qaida etait bel et bien inclus dans les protections minimales prevues par le Common Article 3 . La Cour s’exprima ainsi : L’Executif […] soutient que la guerre avec Al-Qaida echappe a la portee des Conventions de Geneve. Written Glion Education? Nous […] sommes en desaccord avec cette conclusion. A Journal Article? Le conflit avec Al-Qaida n’est pas, d’apres le gouvernement, un conflit auquel s’appliquent toutes les protections reconnues aux prisonniers aux termes des Conventions de Geneve de 1949 parce que l’article 2 de ces Conventions (qui apparait dans chacune des quatre Conventions) rend les protections dans leur entierete applicables seulement aux cas de guerre declaree ou tout autre conflit arme qui pourrait avoir lieu entre deux ou plus des Etats signataires. Custom Essays Institute Of Higher? Etant donne que Hamdan a ete capture et detenu a l’occasion du conflit avec Al-Qaida et non au cours du conflit avec les Talibans, et puisque Al-Qaida, contrairement a l’Afghanistan, n’est pas un [Etat signataire] desdites conventions, les protections de ces conventions ne sont pas, soutient le gouvernement, applicables a Hamdan. Nous n’avons pas besoin de decider cet argument sur le fond car il est au moins une clause des Conventions de Geneve qui s’applique au cas d’espece, meme si le conflit en question n’en est pas un entre des parties contractantes. Articles In Writing School? L’article 3, auquel on Glion Of Higher, se refere souvent comme Common Article 3 parce que, comme l’article 2, il est commun aux quatre Conventions de Geneve, prevoit qu’en cas de « conflit qui n’ait pas de caractere international qui se deroulerait sur le territoire de l’un des Etats signataires, chaque partie au conflit serait tenue d’appliquer, au minimum », certaines clauses protegeant « les personnes qui ne prennent pas de part active a ces hostilites, y compris les membres des forces armees qui ont depose les armes et qui ont ete mis hors de combat par […] la detention ». (INTO)? L’une de ces clauses interdit que des sentences soient prononcees et des executions mises en ?uvre sans que des jugements prealables soient rendus par une cour dument constituee, et reconnaissant toutes les garanties judiciaires qui sont admises comme etant indispensables par les nations civilisees [10] [10] Voir Hamdan c. Written Glion Institute Of Higher? Rumsfeld, 548 U.S., p. Courswork Of Exeter? 73. Written Institute? . La Cour conceda que l’expression « cour dument constituee » n’est pas specifiquement definie ni dans le Common Article 3 ni dans les commentaires l’accompagnant, mais que d’autres sources venaient eclaircir le sens qu’on devait essentiellement lui donner. Essay Writing The Storm? Les tribunaux regulierement constitues incluent « les tribunaux militaires ordinaires » mais excluent « tous les tribunaux speciaux ». Written Essays Glion Institute Education? L’un des traites de la Croix Rouge definit « les tribunaux regulierement constitues » tel que l’expression est utilisee dans l’article 3 commun comme signifiant « etabli et organise en conformite avec les lois et les procedures qui sont deja en vigueur dans un pays donne ». How To Monkton Combe School? Les tribunaux militaires regulierement constitues des Etats-Unis sont les cours martiales etablies par les lois du Congres, et non les commissions militaires etablies par le president Bush. La decision de la Cour forca l’administration a chercher aupres du Congres l’autorite legislative necessaire.

Hamdan marqua en effet un rejet clair et significatif du raisonnement legal et constitutionnel adopte par l’administration et pourtant les hauts fonctionnaires de la branche executive repondirent comme s’il n’etait pas de failles serieuses dans la structure et les procedures qu’ils avaient adoptees pour les commissions militaires. Custom Written Essays Glion Institute? Au cours des auditions du Congres, les membres de la branche executive du gouvernement qui comparurent pour temoigner, furent d’avis qu’il suffisait au Congres d’adopter une loi qui endosserait ce que l’administration avait propose avant que la decision de la Cour n’ait ete rendue. How To Research Article Combe? Au cours d’une audition devant la commission des affaires judiciaires du Senat, le 11 juillet 2006, Steven Bradbury, haut responsable du departement de la Justice, affirma que la Haute Cour « n’avait pas aborde le pouvoir constitutionnel du president et ne s’etait prononcee sur le fond sur aucune question constitutionnelle » [11] [11] Temoignage de Steven G. Custom Essays Glion Institute Of Higher Education? Bradbury, 11 juillet 2006. University (INTO)? . Glion Institute Education? Il s’agit la d’un bien etrange argument. School? Il est clair que la Cour s’est bel et bien prononcee sur une question constitutionnelle de fond lorsqu’elle rejeta la position de l’administration selon laquelle le president possedait une autorite suffisante aux termes de l’article II de la Constitution et n’avait nul besoin d’une loi du Congres. Custom Written Glion? De plus, la Cour se fonda sur le pouvoir du Congres aux termes de l’article I de la Constitution afin d’adopter les Articles of courswork University (INTO), War 21 et 36 et d’exiger que le president se conformat a ces articles. Essays Institute Education? Bradbury tourna en derision la decision de la Cour en soulignant que « la notion meme selon laquelle les militaires devaient lire sur le champ de bataille aux ennemis combattants faits prisonniers leurs droits aux termes de la decision Miranda n’a aucun sens » [12] [12] Ibid. Help Me Write Holland International Study Center? . Custom Essays? Ces propos critiquaient implicitement la Cour pour une position qu’elle n’avait cependant jamais adoptee ou meme suggeree. Essay Conclusion The Storm? Bradbury insista que la Cour dans Hamdan « n’avait pas decide que les Conventions de Geneve dans leur ensemble s’appliquent a notre conflit avec Al-Qaida ou que les membres d’Al-Qaida ont droit aux privileges qui accompagnent le statut de prisonnier de guerre ». Custom Written Essays? La Cour a bel et bien affirme, cependant, que les criteres essentiels contenus dans l’article 3 commun aux Conventions de Geneve s’appliquent au conflit avec Al-Qaida [13] [13] Ibid. King School? . Bradbury prevint que l’article 3 commun aux quatre Conventions de Geneve « devrait etre interprete comme s’appliquant uniquement aux transgressions serieuses ». Custom Written Essays Glion Institute Of Higher Education? Il considera qu’il etait « indeniable que certains des termes de l’article 3 commun etaient intrinsequement vagues », comme la prohibition concernant « les atteintes a la dignite des personnes », et notamment « les traitements humiliants et degradants ». Write A Journal School? Il souligna que le document etait vague quant au sens qu’il fallait donner aux « garanties judiciaires reconnues comme indispensables par les peuples civilises » [14] [14] Ibid., p. Written Of Higher Education? 5. How To Write Of A Monkton? . Custom Essays Institute? Au cours de ces memes auditions, Daniel Dell’Orto, du conseil juridique du departement de la Defense, entreprit lui aussi de critiquer la Cour de maniere injustifiee. Writing School? Il invita le Congres a adopter des procedures « visant a eviter le resultat absurde qui reviendrait a reconnaitre des protections aux terroristes que les citoyens Americains ne recoivent pas devant les cours civiles » [15] [15] Declaration de Daniel Dell’Orto, Principal p. Custom Written Essays Institute Of Higher? 1 ; . (INTO)? . Custom Written Essays Education? Il ajouta qu’il n’etait simplement pas praticable en temps de guerre de reunir des preuves d’une facon conforme aux exigences strictes des procedures penales [16] [16] Ibid., p. Hill? 2. Custom Glion Institute Of Higher? . Me Write International Study? C’etait la une question a laquelle le Congres devait faire face en decidant si les preuves obtenues des detenus par la force pouvaient etre utilisees contre eux devant les tribunaux. Au cours d’auditions devant la Commission des services armes de la Chambre le 12 juillet 2006, un legislateur suggera : « nous pourrions simplement ratifier ce que la branche executive et le departement de la Defense ont fait et aller de l’avant ». Written Essays Of Higher? « Ce serait en effet une maniere souhaitable de proceder » [17] [17] Jonathan Weisman, “Battle Looms in writing conclusion The Storm King Congress Over Military. Custom Glion Of Higher Education? , souligna Dell’Orto. Online Classes Stonar School? Mais d’autres membres du Congres mirent en garde contre cet esprit cavalier. Custom Written Institute Education? Le senateur Lindsey Graham, fort de son experience d’avocat specialiste des questions militaires remarqua que « l’idee de valider les commissions militaires telles qu’elles avaient ete concues et etablies serait une erreur » [18] [18] Jonathan Weisman, “Senators Gain Momentum to write article Sevenoaks School Change. Custom Essays Of Higher? . Les auditions du Congres revelerent une division importante entre les avocats civils et militaires au sein de l’administration.

Les avocats des services militaires s’opposaient au recours a des preuves fondees sur des ouie-dires ou obtenues par la force. Write A Summary Of A Combe? Ils protestaient egalement contre la pratique selon laquelle des preuves fondees sur des informations classees secretes pouvaient etre communiquees a l’avocat de la defense mais pas a l’accuse [19] [19] R. Written Essays Institute Of Higher? Jeffrey Smith, “Top Military Lawyers Oppose Plan. Articles In Writing Besant School? . Written Essays Institute Education? Les avocats civils qui avaient redige les nouvelles procedures ne voyaient cependant pas d’inconvenient a denier aux accuses le droit de confronter les temoins a charge ou meme de leur refuser le droit d’etre presents a leur propre proces [20] [20] R. How To Write A Summary Of A Article Combe School? Jeffrey Smith, “White House Proposal Would Expand. Written? . How To A Summary Of A School? Pour John D. Written Essays? Hutson, l’avocat le plus en vue de la Marine entre 1997 et 2000, les procedures proposees par l’administration lui permettraient d’opposer a un detenu : « Nous savons que vous etes coupable. A Summary Of A Research Monkton? Nous ne pouvons pas vous dire pour quelles raisons, mais il est une personne, dont on Institute Of Higher, ne peut vous dire qui elle est, qui nous a donne certaines informations a ce sujet. Articles In Writing? Nous ne pouvons pas vous dire quelles sont ces informations, mais vous en etes coupable » [21] [21] Ibid. Written Essays Education? . Articles In Writing Besant School? Si des informations ou des preuves sont classees secretes et ne peuvent etre partagees avec l’accuse, ou si l’identite d’un informateur ne peut etre revelee, il est une pratique qui consiste en ce que ce soit l’administration qui en subisse les consequences en abandonnant l’accusation [22] [22] Voir aussi Louis Fisher, In the written essays Glion Education Name of article Sevenoaks, National Security. Custom Written Glion Of Higher Education? . Les auditions du Congres soulignerent egalement l’importance de la reciprocite dans toute decision concernant les commissions militaires. Me Write My Essay International Center? Au cours des auditions qui furent tenues devant la commission des services armes du Senat le 2 aout 2006, le senateur Graham avanca le raisonnement suivant : La reciprocite est le facteur essentiel qui me guide dans cette decision. Written Essays Of Higher Education? Ne faisons rien au sein de ce comite que nous ne souhaiterions pas voir appliquer a nos propres troupes. Essay Conclusion The Storm King School? La question revient donc pour moi a se demander, si un soldat de l’armee americaine vient a etre juge en territoire etranger, souhaiterions-nous que ce proces soit mene de telle maniere que le jury puisse recevoir des informations concernant la culpabilite de l’accuse sans que cette information ne soit partagee avec l’accuse, et que cette personne soit soumise a la peine de mort ? Il m’est difficile d’accepter cette idee. Institute Education? Le fait d’informer l’avocat de l’accuse ne me satisfait pas non plus car je pense que la plupart des avocats ressentent une obligation morale et ethique de partager leurs informations avec leur client.

Ce que la Cour fit dans Hamdan revenait a restituer au Congres le pouvoir constitutionnel qui lui appartenait aux termes de l’article I de la Constitution, mais qu’il avait refuse d’exercer. Help My Essay International Study Center? La decision enleva egalement aux mains de l’administration une procedure se fondant sur des commissions militaires qui etaient censees assurer « une justice rapide », mais qui avaient en fait echoue de maniere lamentable au cours des cinq dernieres annees a poursuivre en justice et a condamner ne serait-ce qu’un seul terroriste presume. Essays Glion Of Higher Education? L’un des membres de la commission du Senat parla du systeme mis en place par l’administration comme d’« un effort desorganise mene par une poignee d’avocats relativement peu experimentes pour poursuivre en justice des accuses de petite envergure dans un proces qui apparait comme etant truque ». L’une des vertus d’une democratie est la possibilite de debattre de questions de politique publique de facon ouverte, ce qui oblige les hauts responsables a justifier et defendre leurs programmes et a obtenir l’autorite du pouvoir legislatif avant de les mettre en ?uvre. The Storm? Le succes n’est jamais garanti, mais cette maniere de proceder offre bien plus d’espoir et de legitimite que l’approche unilaterale, ancree dans le secret, pronee par l’administration. Written Of Higher? Le president Bush et ses conseillers deciderent de transferer la tache de rediger le document des avocats de l’armee qui comprennent la loi militaire a ceux qui sont moins informes et qui mettent en avant des theories abstraites du pouvoir presidentiel et qui ont sans doute en vue leur avancement ou leur nomination a des positions de juges ou autres formes de retribution. How To Of A Research? Il s’agit la d’un modele a eviter a tout prix a l’avenir.

L’ Attorney General Alberto Gonzales comparut devant la Commission des services armes du Senat le 2 aout afin d’exposer les elements essentiels de la proposition de loi qui etait en cours de preparation. Custom Institute Education? Il proposa la redaction d’un nouveau code des commissions militaires ( Code of write a journal Sevenoaks School, Military Commissions ) qui suivrait le modele des procedures de cours martiales de l’UCMJ, mais qui serait adapte a l’usage dans les proces de combattants illegaux accuses de terrorisme. Custom Essays Glion Institute Of Higher Education? Le nouveau code suivrait une grande partie des procedures et des structures de l’UCMJ. Article Sevenoaks School? Les commissions militaires seraient presidees par un juge militaire autorise a rendre des decisions finales au cours du proces concernant les questions legales et la recevabilite des preuves, comme c’est le cas pour les cours martiales. Essays Education? Aussi, suivant toujours le modele des cours martiales, le juge militaire n’aurait pas le droit de voter au sein de la commission militaire. Html Classes Stonar? Gonzales recommanda que l’on augmente le nombre minimum des membres de la commission a cinq au lieu de trois et que la commission comprenne douze membres dans les cas ou la peine de mort etait requise. Custom Written Institute Education? Il incomberait au gouvernement de prouver la culpabilite de l’accuse au-dela du doute raisonnable. Quant a l’article 3 commun, Gonzales temoigna que l’armee des Etats-Unis n’avait jamais auparavant applique les provisions des Conventions de Geneve en tant que critere de detention. A Summary Of A Research Article Monkton Combe? Au lieu de cela, l’armee avait l’habitude d’appliquer les procedures speciales de la Convention aux combattants legaux captures en tant que prisonniers de guerre. Written? Il dit que plusieurs des provisions de l’article 3 commun interdisaient des actions qui sont universellement condamnees comme le « meurtre », la « mutilation », la « torture » et la « prise d’otages ». Online Html Classes School? Il s’inquieta de ce que certain langage de l’article 3 commun (tel que l’« outrage a la dignite humaine ») et le « traitement humiliant et degradant » manquait de clarte et risquait de creer « un degre d’incertitude inacceptable pour ceux qui combattent pour nous defendre des attaques terroristes, particulierement parce qu’une violation de l’article 3 commun constitue un crime federal aux termes du War Crimes Act ».

Gonzales proposa que l’on clarifie l’article 3 commun a travers l’adoption de l’amendement McCain qui avait ete inclus dans le Detainee Treatment Act de 2005. Custom Written Glion Institute? Le langage de cet amendement, dit-il, etait « une interpretation raisonnable des provisions pertinentes de l’article 3 commun ». Help Holland Center? L’amendement McCain interdisait les punitions cruelles, inhumaines, ou degradantes. Custom Written Glion Education? L’administration Bush considerait le critere etabli par l’amendement McCain comme etant en conformite avec nos obligations aux termes des dispositions pertinentes de l’article 3 commun et comme y apportant des eclaircissements utiles. Write Sevenoaks? Au cours de l’audition, les senateurs tenterent de comprendre quel genre de techniques seraient permissibles pour interroger les detenus. Written Institute Of Higher Education? Le senateur Carl Levin demanda a Alberto Gonzales s’il pensait que l’admission de temoignages ou preuves obtenus par le biais de techniques comme « le supplice de l’eau, les positions stressantes, l’intimidation par le recours aux chiens, le manque de sommeil, [et] la nudite forcee » serait compatible avec l’article 3 commun. Research Monkton? « Je ne peux imaginer qu’un tel temoignage puisse etre fiable ; en consequent, je pense qu’il est improbable qu’un juge militaire, quel qu’il soit, permette de tels temoignages comme faisant partie des preuves recevables », repondit l’ Attorney General . Lorsque la proposition de loi (S. Written Of Higher Education? 3861) de l’administration fut presentee au Senat le 7 septembre, elle inclut la provision suivante : « L’autorite du president d’etablir des commissions militaires resulte de ce que la Constitution a investi le president du pouvoir executif et du pouvoir de commandant en chef des forces armees » [23] [23] Congressional Record, vol. Articles In Writing Besant Hill School? 152, 7 septembre 2006, p. Custom? . Help Me Write My Essay Holland Study Center? C’etait la la position que l’administration avait adoptee dans ses briefs legaux et ses arguments, et c’est la meme la position que la Cour repudia de facon claire et significative. Essays Glion Of Higher? La Cour identifia l’autorite d’etablir des commissions militaires non pas comme etant attribuee au president aux termes de l’article II, mais plutot comme etant du ressort du Congres aux termes de l’article I, et tel que ce pouvoir etait traduit dans les articles 21 et 36 de l’UCMJ. How To A Summary Research Article Monkton? Si la declaration faite par l’administration dans la proposition avait ete correcte, la Cour aurait decide en faveur du president, non pas du Congres, et il n’y aurait pas eu besoin pour le president Bush de rechercher une autorite legislative statutaire aupres du Congres.

Cette provision dans la proposition de loi de l’administration fut eliminee lorsque la proposition de loi fut adoptee. Comme les negociations continuaient, il apparut que plusieurs senateurs republicains s’opposeraient au projet de loi que l’administration souhaitait voir adopter. Written Essays Glion? Le president Bush mit en garde les senateurs republicains recalcitrants John Warner (Virginie), John McCain (Arizona), et Lindsey Graham (Caroline du sud) de ce qu’il mettrait fin a un programme d’interrogation de la CIA s’ils reussissaient a passer leur propre version d’une proposition de loi visant a reglementer la detention d’ennemis combattants [24] [24] Peter Baker, “GOP Infighting on articles Hill, Detainees Intensifies”. Custom Essays Education? . Online Html? D’autres senateurs republicains, dont Olympia Snowe (Maine), annoncerent leur intention de se joindre a cette opposition a l’administration. Written Essays Glion Education? Les articles de journaux et les revues de presse mirent en evidence ce mouvement de rebellion au sein des rangs republicains [25] [25] “How 3 G.O.P. Me Write Study Center? Veterans Stalled Bush Detainee Bill”. Written Essays Glion Institute Of Higher? . Courswork Of Exeter (INTO)? Au cours de cette periode, l’administration avait a peine suffisamment de votes pour gagner le soutien de la commission judiciaire de la Chambre afin d’adopter une proposition de loi soutenue par la Maison-Blanche [26] [26] Charles Babington, “House Panel Supports Tribunal Plan. Custom Written Essays Glion Institute Education? . Write A Journal School? L’attention de la presse etait focalisee sur les dissidents republicains au Senat [27] [27] John M. Written Glion Institute? Donnelly, “Detainee Treatment Fractures GOP. Essay Writing Conclusion School? . Custom Written Essays Of Higher Education? Dans les jours qui s’ensuivirent, la resistance des senateurs republicains sembla faiblir et la Maison-Blanche reprit le dessus. Classes School? Les journaux affichaient maintenant des titres tels que “ Congress Clears Detainee Bill: Critics Question Constitutionality: Habeas Corpus Rights Are Denied; Coerced Confessions, Hearsay Evidence Are Allowed ” [28] [28] Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 2 octobre 2006. Written Essays Glion? . Online School? Un editorial dans le Washington Post , intitule “ Profiles in written Glion Institute Cowardice ”, decrivait les desseins politiques du president Bush comme pressant ses opposants a « se soumettre a sa volonte, allant ainsi a l’encontre de ce qu’ils jugeaient bon, ou de soulever une controverse qui permettrait a son parti de reprocher a l’opposition d’etre par trop faible ou laxiste a l’encontre du terrorisme. Conclusion School? Grace en partie a l’abdication des democrates, il avait en l’occurrence realise les deux buts a la fois » [29] [29] “Profiles in Institute Cowardice”, The Washington Post, 1er octobre. Courswork? . Le Military Commissions Act de 2006 cree un chapitre a part dans le Title 10 du U.S. Custom Written Essays Institute Education? Code qui regit la structure et les procedures des commissions militaires. Html Stonar? Il definit un ennemi combattant comme etant toute personne qui « s’engage dans des hostilites ou qui a a dessein et concretement soutenu des hostilites contre les Etats-Unis ou ses allies », et toute personne qui « a ete designee comme etant un ennemi combattant par un Combatant Status Review Tribunal ou tout autre tribunal competent avant, apres, ou le jour meme de l’adoption du Military Commissions Act de 2006, ou par tout autre tribunal competent etabli sous l’autorite du president ou du secretaire de la Defense.

Un ennemi combattant legitime est une personne qui est membre des forces regulieres de l’une des parties contractantes, qui se trouve engage dans des hostilites contre les Etats-Unis ou qui porte un embleme distinctif reconnaissable a distance, qui porte ouvertement les armes et qui respecte le droit de la guerre. Written Essays Of Higher Education? Une commission militaire etablie aux termes de ce chapitre est un tribunal regulierement constitue, reconnaissant toutes les garanties judiciaires necessaires qui sont reconnues comme etant indispensables aux peuples civilises pour les besoins de l’article 3 commun aux Conventions de Geneve. Courswork University? Plus loin dans le statut, dans la Section 5, il est enonce : « Aucune personne ne peut invoquer les Conventions de Geneve ou l’un quelconque de ses protocoles comme source de droits ou privileges dans des proces ayant trait a une demande de privilege d’ habeas corpus ou tout autre proces civil auquel les Etats-Unis, ou l’un de ses officiers, fonctionnaires, ou membres de ses services armes actuels ou ex-officiers, fonctionnaires, ou membres de ses services armes ou autre agent des Etats-Unis sont parties prenantes dans l’un quelconque des tribunaux des Etats-Unis, de ses Etats ou de ses territoires. Custom Essays Glion Of Higher? Les personnes sujettes a etre jugees devant des commissions militaires sont tout ennemi combattant illegitime etranger ». Quant aux procedures, cette loi prevoit que l’incrimination forcee de soi est interdite ( compulsory self-incrimination) . Online School? Cependant, la loi entreprend ensuite de decrire les differents types de depositions obtenues par le biais de techniques coercitives. Custom Written Of Higher Education? Une deposition obtenue avant le 30 decembre 2005 (date du Detainee Treatment Act ) et dans l’obtention de laquelle le role de la coercition est en cause peut etre admise comme preuve seulement si le juge militaire determine que (1) les « circonstances dans leur ensemble rendent la deposition fiable et presentant une valeur suffisante en tant que preuve », et que (2) « les interets de la justice sont mieux servis par l’admission des depositions en question comme preuves recevables ». Articles Hill School? On est en droit de se demander, cependant, comment des preuves obtenues par la coercition peuvent etre considerees comme « fiables » et comme ayant valeur de preuve. Custom Institute Education? Quant aux preuves obtenues apres l’adoption du Detainee Treatment Act , si le degre de recours a la coercition est en cause, les declarations peuvent etre admises seulement si le juge militaire determine les elements (1) et (2) susmentionnes, et constate que les methodes d’interrogation utilisees pour obtenir ces declarations ne s’apparentent pas au « traitement cruel, inhumain, ou degradant interdit aux termes de la section 1003 du Detainee Treatment Act de 2005 ». D’autres procedures qui sont egalement sujet a controverse ont trait a l’acces des accuses aux temoins et aux preuves avancees contre eux. A Summary School? L’accuse aura le droit de presenter des preuves pour assurer sa defense, de contre-interroger les temoins a charge, et d’examiner les preuves admises contre lui ou qui contribuent a determiner la sentence. Of Higher Education? Ces garanties sont rendues plus complexes par le recours a des informations classees secretes ou confidentielles. Afin de proteger des informations confidentielles, le juge miliaire, sur la demande de l’administration, peut « permettre autant que faire se peut, (1) que certains elements des informations confidentielles soient effaces des documents qui doivent etre presentes comme preuves devant la commission militaire ; (2) la substitution d’une partie ou d’un resume de l’information emanant de ce document classe confidentiel ; ou (3) la substitution d’un enonce de faits pertinents que ces informations confidentielles seraient a meme de prouver ». Write A Journal Sevenoaks? Mais supposons que le gouvernement supprime le nom de l’informateur ? Dans ce cas, l’accuse n’a ni le droit de confrontation, ni celui d’examiner les preuves presentees contre lui ou d’y repondre.

Il n’est pas tout a fait clair, dans le statut, si l’avocat de l’accuse pourra avoir acces a ce genre d’informations classees secretes. Essays Glion Education? L’avocat de la defense « aura une opportunite raisonnable d’obtenir des temoins et autres preuves en conformite avec les reglements prescrits par le secretaire de la Defense ». Besant School? L’etendue de ces opportunites sera decidee par la suite, par la branche executive du gouvernement. Glion? En ce qui concerne l’obligation d’enquete qui incombe au procureur, le juge militaire, sur la demande du conseil du gouvernement, « autorisera, autant que faire se peut, la suppression de certains elements specifiques dans les informations classees confidentielles qui doivent etre rendues disponibles a l’accuse, peut substituer une portion ou un resume des informations contenues dans des documents classes secrets, ou peut substituer/inclure une declaration admettant des faits pertinents que l’information classee secrete aurait pu prouver ». En ce qui concerne l’interpretation de traites et des obligations qui en resultent, le statut autorise le president a interpreter le sens et l’application des Conventions de Geneve « et de promulguer des criteres et des reglements administratifs plus rigoureux pour la violation d’obligations resultant de traites qui ne constituent pas des infractions graves aux Conventions de Geneve ». Courswork University? Le president emettra de telles interpretations par Executive Order et les fera publier dans le Federal Register . Written? Tout Executive Order qui sera ainsi publie aura autorite de loi (excepte en ce qui concerne des violations graves de l’article 3 commun) en tant que faisant partie des lois americaines au meme titre que les autres reglements administratifs. Writing Conclusion The Storm King? Bien que ces Executive Orders fassent autorite, ils ne sont pas necessairement executoires et exclusifs. Written Essays Institute Of Higher? Le statut prevoit que « rien dans cette section ne sera interprete de maniere a affecter les fonctions constitutionnelles et les responsabilites du Congres et de la branche judiciaire des Etats-Unis ». Le statut inclut une section qui tente de definir la responsabilite legale des officiers americains qui interrogent les detenus. Me Write My Essay Holland Center? Quand sont-ils susceptibles d’etre soumis a des poursuites judiciaires aux termes du War Crimes Act ? Le terme « violation serieuse de l’article 3 commun » signifie toute conduite definie aux termes de neuf sous-titres, mais le langage dans chaque cas exige qu’il y ait une intention. Essays Of Higher? Ainsi, l’interdiction de la torture est definie de cette maniere : « L’acte d’une personne qui commet, ou conspire en vue de commettre, ou tente de commettre, une action specifiquement intentionnee afin d’infliger des douleurs ou des souffrances physiques ou mentales severes (autres que les peines et souffrances resultant de sanctions legales) sur toute autre personne sous sa garde dans le but d’obtenir une information ou une confession, une punition, intimidation, coercition, ou autre raison fondee sur une discrimination de quelque sorte que ce soit ». Conclusion The Storm School? Qu’en est-il si « l’intention specifique » est d’obtenir une information et la peine physique ou mentale est corollaire et non intentionnelle ? Y a-t-il dans ces conditions une responsabilite aux termes du War Crimes Act ? La Cour Supreme rejeta dans Hamdan c. Written Essays Glion? Rumsfeld l’argument de l’administration selon lequel le president a le pouvoir, aux termes de l’article II, de creer des commissions militaires et de determiner leurs structures et leurs procedures.

La Cour exigea que le president Bush obtienne une autorisation statutaire du Congres aux termes de l’article I de la Constitution. University Of Exeter? « Sans doute l’effet le plus significatif de la decision, longue de 185 pages, est, comme le souligne le Washington Post , qu’elle rejeta la these du president Bush selon laquelle la necessite de mener une guerre globale contre le terrorisme lui donnait des pouvoirs extraordinaires qui se situaient au-dela de la juridiction des tribunaux. Custom Essays Education? La decision rappelle le « devoir de la Cour en temps de guerre comme en temps de paix de preserver les sauvegardes constitutionnelles de la liberte civile » [30] [30] Eugene Robinson, “Checking the articles Besant Hill School Decider”, The Washington. Custom Essays Institute Of Higher? . How To Write A Summary Of A Research School? Cependant, bien qu’il y ait eu une resistance substantielle de la part du Congres au cours des premiers stades des negociations entre les branches executive et legislative concernant la redaction de la proposition de loi, la resistance du corps legislatif s’affaiblit petit a petit et la Maison-Blanche sembla l’emporter sur les points essentiels du debat. Custom Institute Education? Les membres du Congres n’avaient pas affirme leur pouvoir sur l’etablissement de commissions militaires tout au long des cinq annees qui s’ecoulerent depuis les attaques du 11 septembre 2001. Help Me Write My Essay Holland International Study? Lorsqu’il leur fut demande de ce faire par la Haute cour, ils montrerent tres peu d’interet ou de confiance en leurs capacites institutionnelles en exercant un role constitutionnel independant et en insufflant une vie nouvelle au systeme de freins et de contrepoids. Custom Institute Education? L’on peut esperer qu’a la suite des prononces de la Cour dans Hamdan c. Online Stonar? Rumsfeld , et des recentes elections legislatives, le Congres se montrera plus determine a agir de nouveau de maniere plus affirmee et a retablir l’equilibre des pouvoirs entre l’Executif et le Legislatif. Les elections legislatives de 2006 donnent aux democrates l’occasion de reorienter la direction generale de la politique de l’administration americaine. Custom Essays Glion Education? A travers ces elections, le public a clairement repudie la politique de l’administration actuelle, que ce soit en ce qui concerne la guerre en Irak ou pour ce qui est de la reponse qu’elle a apportee a des desastres naturels tels que l’ouragan Katrina . Articles In Writing Besant Hill? Du temps d’un Congres controle par une majorite de republicains, les enquetes du Congres etaient relativement limitees et contraintes. Written Institute Of Higher? Desormais, avec une majorite de Democrates au sein du Senat et de la Chambre des representants, les commissions du Congres sont en mesure de mener des enquetes approfondies.

Et la question de savoir a quel point ces commissions d’enquete seront efficaces dependra en grande mesure du choix de leurs objectifs et de l’objet ou du sujet de ces enquetes. Courswork University? L’opinion publique se montrera certainement favorable a des enquetes qu’elle jugera legitimes, telles que celles qui porteraient par exemple sur la corruption potentielle de certaines entreprises de construction avec lesquelles l’administration a traite en Irak. Written Glion Institute? Afin d’eviter l’embarras potentiel et de serieux dommages politiques, l’administration pourrait bien sur decider d’opposer une resistance a de telles enquetes – mais elle ne pourrait le faire qu’au risque de paraitre s’engager deliberement dans une obstruction a la justice et de se livrer a un camouflage de verites auquel le public a droit. How To A Summary Of A Monkton School? Le Congres a a sa disposition des moyens considerables pour obtenir l’acces aux dossiers et aux temoignages de hauts fonctionnaires de l’Executif. Custom? En effet, les commissions d’enquetes du Congres peuvent emettre des subpoenas (citations a comparaitre), declarer des fonctionnaires en outrage, et invoquer d’autres mesures. Online Html Stonar? Au cours des six dernieres annees, les democrates ont mene leurs propres enquetes au sujet d’eventuelles mauvaises conduites au sein de la branche executive.

Cependant, etant desormais le parti majoritaire au sein des deux chambres du Congres, il peuvent demander de facon officielle que les departements concernes soumettent tout document requis par le biais de subpoenas , et que les fonctionnaires de l’Executif comparaissent pour temoigner sous serment. Custom Essays Glion Institute Of Higher Education? Le Congres a non seulement le pouvoir constitutionnel mais egalement le devoir de calibrer la politique nationale lorsque cela s’avere necessaire. Write? En consequence, le public americain devrait bientot etre en mesure de mieux comprendre ce qui a ete accompli au nom de pouvoirs inherents tels que ceux invoques dans les briefs presentes au nom de l’administration dans Hamdan c. Written Glion Institute? Rumsfeld . Louis Fisher est specialiste pres la Bibliotheque du Congres charge de la bibliotheque juridique. Essay The Storm School? Il a ete specialiste senior dans le chapitre Separation des Pouvoirs au sein du Service de recherche du Congres. Written Glion? Auteur de plus de 15 ouvrages, dont American Constitutional Law , et plus de 300 articles, Louis Fisher fut a deux reprises recipiendaire du prix Louis Brownlow de l’Academie nationale d’administration publique, pour Presidential Spending Power (1975) et Constitutional Dialogues (1988). Besant Hill? En 2000, les presses de la State University of custom written essays, New York ont edite Politics and html classes School Constitutionalism: The Louis Fisher Connection , collection de huit essais qui analysent l’ensemble de son ?uvre. Nada Mourtada-Sabbah est professeur invitee de droit public a l’universite Paris II et directrice du departement de relations internationales de l’universite americaine de Sharjah (AUS). Jane Mayer, “The Hidden Power”, The New Yorker , 3 juillet 2006, vol. Custom Written Glion Institute Of Higher? 82, N° 20, pp.

44-45 ; Peter Baker et Michael Abramowitz, “A Governing Philosophy Rebuffed”, The Washington Post , 30 juin 2006, p. A Journal Article School? A 01. Written Essays Of Higher Education? Les conseillers juridiques de la C.I.A., et les conseillers juridiques des differents services militaires furent eux aussi surpris a l’annonce du decret militaire. Essay Writing The Storm? Aucun d’entre eux n’avait ete consulte. Custom Education? John Bellinger III, le conseiller juridique du Conseil de securite nationale et conseiller juridique adjoint de la Maison-Blanche, a qui l’on avait formellement confie la tache de creer une procedure legale pour le jugement de personnes etrangeres soupconnees d’actions terroristes, n’etait pas non plus informe de ce decret qui aurait ete redige dans le secret par David Addington et certains de ses collaborateurs. School? Sur John Bellinger, voir « Le droit international, nouvel ecueil aux relations transatlantiques ? », Politique americaine , N° 4, Printemps 2006, pp. Custom Of Higher? 41-51. Brief for of Exeter (INTO) Respondents, Hamdan c. Essays Glion Institute? Rumsfeld , N° 05-184, Cour Supreme des Etats-Unis, fevrier 2006, p. In Writing Hill? 21. Voir Jane Mayer, art. Education? cit. Me Write Holland International Study Center? , pp. Essays Education? 44-45. Hamdan c. Me Write Study? Rumsfeld , 126 S.Ct. Essays Glion? 2749, 2006.

L’article 3 commun aux quatre Conventions de Geneve est applicable aux conflits armes non internationaux et enonce en quoi consiste un minimum de traitement humain. En cas de conflit arme ne presentant pas un caractere international et surgissant sur le territoire de l’une des hautes parties contractantes, chacune des Parties au conflit sera tenue d’appliquer au moins les dispositions suivantes : 1. How To Write A Summary Research Article Combe School? Les personnes qui ne participent pas directement aux hostilites, y compris les membres de forces armees qui ont depose les armes et les personnes qui ont ete mises hors de combat par maladie, blessure, detention, ou pour toute autre cause, seront, en toutes circonstances, traitees avec humanite, sans aucune distinction de caractere defavorable basee sur la race, la couleur, la religion ou la croyance, le sexe, la naissance ou la fortune, ou tout autre critere analogue. A cet effet, sont et demeurent prohibes, en tout temps et en tout lieu, a l’egard des personnes mentionnees ci-dessus : les atteintes portees a la vie et a l’integrite corporelle, notamment le meurtre sous toutes ses formes, les mutilations, les traitements cruels, tortures et supplices ; les prises d’otages ; les atteintes a la dignite des personnes, notamment les traitements humiliants et degradants ; les condamnations prononcees et les executions effectuees sans un jugement prealable, rendu par un tribunal regulierement constitue, assorti des garanties judiciaires reconnues comme indispensables par les peuples civilises. Voir Hamdan c. Custom Written? Rumsfeld , 548 U.S., p. Help Me Write International Center? 73. Jonathan Weisman, “Battle Looms in custom Institute Of Higher Education Congress Over Military Tribunals”, The Washington Post , 13 juillet 2006, p. Research Article? A6. Jonathan Weisman, “Senators Gain Momentum to Education Change Military Tribunal System”, The Washington Post , 15 juillet 2006, p. Writing Conclusion The Storm King? A6. R. Custom Written Essays Institute Education? Jeffrey Smith, “Top Military Lawyers Oppose Plan for essay The Storm King School Special Courts”, The Washington Post , 3 aout 2006, p. Custom Written Education? A11. R. Html Classes Stonar? Jeffrey Smith, “White House Proposal Would Expand Authority of custom written Education, Military Courts”, The Washington Post , 2 aout 2006, p. A Journal Article School? A4.

Voir aussi Louis Fisher, In the Institute Education Name of essay writing, National Security: Unchecked Presidential Power and custom written Of Higher the Reynolds Case , 2006, pp. Html Classes Stonar? 230-240. Congressional Record , vol. Essays Education? 152, 7 septembre 2006, p. Help International? S9113. Peter Baker, “GOP Infighting on written essays, Detainees Intensifies”, The Washington Post , 16 septembre 2006, p. University Of Exeter (INTO)? A1. “How 3 G.O.P.

Veterans Stalled Bush Detainee Bill”, The New York Times , 17 septembre 2006, p. Custom Written Glion Institute Education? 1. Charles Babington, “House Panel Supports Tribunal Plan, 20 to in writing Besant 19”, The Washington Post , 21 septembre 2006, p. Custom Written Education? A6. John M. Courswork Of Exeter? Donnelly, “Detainee Treatment Fractures GOP: Influential senators’ challenge to custom Education Bush proposal on a summary of a research article School, terrorist suspects keeps issue at written essays Glion Of Higher cutting edge of write, security debate”, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report , 18 septembre 2006, p. Glion Institute Of Higher Education? 2458. Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report , 2 octobre 2006, p. Essay Conclusion The Storm King? 2624. “Profiles in custom Glion Cowardice”, The Washington Post , 1 er octobre 2006, p. Essay The Storm King? B6.

Eugene Robinson, “Checking the custom written essays Glion Of Higher Education Decider”, The Washington Post , 30 juin 2006, Editorial, p. A Summary Of A Research Monkton Combe School? A27. Cairn.info utilise des cookies a des fins de statistiques. Custom Glion Institute Of Higher Education? Ces donnees anonymes nous permettent ainsi de vous offrir une experience de navigation optimale. Hill School? En continuant votre visite vous acceptez de recevoir ces cookies. Essays Institute? Vous pouvez toutefois les desactiver dans les parametres de votre navigateur web.

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nolo business plan Does your small business conduct criminal background checks on job applicants? If so, a recent settlement agreement between Pepsi Beverages and custom essays Glion Institute, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) illustrates the legal dangers you may run into write a journal Sevenoaks School, if you don’t use such background checks carefully. According to reports of the written essays settlement, Pepsi ran background checks on job applicants and essay writing conclusion King, refused to hire individuals with arrest records (but no convictions) and individuals convicted of minor offenses, as well as those convicted of more serious crimes. The EEOC determined that Pepsi’s policy disproportionately affected African Americans and that more than 300 African Americans who might have received job offers from the company were excluded. To settle the EEOC’s charges against it, Pepsi paid a $3.1 million fine. The company also agreed to revise its criminal background check policy and custom Institute, offer jobs to articles in writing Hill School, qualified applicants who were previously excluded under its former policy. The Pepsi settlement highlights the legal minefield that your small business can inadvertently wander into if it runs criminal background checks on prospective employees. Under federal law, hiring policies that could have a disproportionate impact on minorities or other protected groups may be illegal, even if you do not intend to Education, discriminate against anyone.

According to the EEOC, an arrest record, without a resulting conviction, is me write Holland Study Center, not a useful hiring tool because everyone—including a prospective employee—is presumed innocent until proven guilty. Custom Essays Glion Of Higher. Further, excluding applicants convicted of minor crimes, particularly if the incident occurred years ago and essay writing King, is not related to the particular job at issue, may be deemed irrelevant to custom essays Glion Education, the hiring process. There’s nothing wrong with wanting your company to be staffed by honest and trustworthy individuals, and courswork University of Exeter, used correctly, criminal background checks can help you weed out individuals who might genuinely present a problem in custom Of Higher, the workplace. However, if you do run criminal background checks on online html classes prospective employees, you should avoid using the Glion Education background checks to make blanket hiring decisions. Instead, evaluate each prospective employee’s record on a case-by-case basis, taking into a summary article School, consideration whether the custom essays Glion Institute Of Higher offense is a summary of a research Monkton School, related to the position at custom written essays Institute Education, issue. In addition, consider giving the applicant the opportunity to my essay Center, explain or dispute any arrest or conviction information you discover. Taking steps like these will help ensure that your criminal background checks continue to be a useful hiring tool, without running afoul of the Glion law. By: Guest blogger Steven Koprince, an attorney with Petefish, Immel, Heeb Hird, LLP in Lawrence, KS. Mr. Koprince’s practice emphasizes government contracts and small business law. Payroll Tax Cut Extended For First Two Months of 2012.

The two percent payroll tax cut for University (INTO), employees that was in effect for 2011 has temporarily been extended until the end of February 2012. Under this measure, employees pay a reduced 4.2 percent of Social Security tax withholding on essays Glion Institute Of Higher Education wages instead of the usual 6.2 percent. It has no impact on employees’ future Social Security benefits. Employers must make the change to article Sevenoaks, the reduced payroll tax rate by January 31, 2012 at the latest. If any employee’s Social Security tax is withheld at the higher rate in January, the employer has until March 31, 2012 to adjust that employee’s withholding so that the custom Education total withholding amount is correct for that period. 2012 Business Standard Mileage Rates Announced by IRS. The Internal Revenue Service announced the 2012 optional standard mileage rates for a journal Sevenoaks, calculating the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business purposes. Starting January 1, 2012, the standard mileage rate for the business use of a car, van, pickup, or panel truck will be 55.5 cents per custom Glion Institute Of Higher Education mile for miles driven. This rate is the essay writing conclusion same as the the rate that went into effect on written essays Glion Institute Of Higher Education July 1, 2011. Taxpayers can choose between the standard mileage rate or their actual costs to calculate their deduction for the business use of a vehicle. California Passes Law Authorizing Benefit Corporations.

California has passed legislation authorizing the creation of benefit corporations, also known as B Corps, a new class of corporations which are created to benefit society as well as shareholders. Unlike traditional corporations which are accountable only to their shareholders, these corporations must consider the impact their business decisions have on the community, environment, and employees as well. In addition to maximizing profits for write a journal article Sevenoaks School, shareholders, benefit corporations must have a “material positive impact on the environment and community,” according to custom Institute Education, California Assemblyman Jared Huffman (D-San Rafael), who authored the bill. The benefit for these companies is that they obtain legal protection from shareholder suits for pursuing their social or environmental goals, which may not always be in how to write of a School, line with shareholder financial interests. Another benefit is the potential access to capital these companies get because of their socially responsible mission.

Benefit corporations must file a public benefit report each year assessing their social and environmental performance using objective third-party standards. According to Jay Coen Gilbert, a B corporation advocate and co-founder of B Lab in Philadelphia, the California law provides these companies “with legal protection to pursue what some people perceive as a triple bottom line — creating financial profit as well as social and environmental impact.” The California law goes into effect on January 1st. There are five other states that currently have similar benefit corporation laws–Hawaii, Maryland, New Jersey, Vermont, and Virginia. Custom Essays Glion Institute. There is help me write my essay Study, legislation underway to create benefit corporations in New York, North Carolina, Pennyslvania, and custom written Institute Of Higher, Michigan. New Relief From IRS For Improper Worker Classifications. The IRS announced today that it would allow employers who have improperly classified workers to reclassify them as employees and make a minimal payment for Besant, past due unpaid taxes. Employers who voluntarily join and are accepted into the program would get a fresh start from the IRS with no further audit, penalty, or other IRS concerns related to the improperly classified workers. Essays Glion Of Higher. Many employers face the possibility of substantial federal payroll tax obligations for online html Stonar, workers who should have been classified as employees but were treated instead as nonemployees or independent contractors. “This settlement program provides certainty and relief to custom written essays Glion Of Higher Education, employers in an important area,” said IRS Commissioner Doug Shulman. “This is part of my essay Holland Study Center a wider effort to help taxpayers and businesses to help give them a fresh start with their tax obligations.”

To be eligible, the Glion Institute Of Higher employer must: consistently have treated the workers in the past as nonemployees have filed all required Forms 1099 for the employees for writing The Storm King, the previous three years not currently be under audit by the IRS or any other agency concerning the classification of these workers. To apply for written Glion Of Higher Education, the relief, you must file IRS Form 8952, Application for Voluntary Classification Settlement Program , at write article, least 60 days before you want to custom essays Institute Of Higher, reclassify your workers as employees. The amount the employer will be required to pay is writing conclusion School, approximately 1% of the essays Glion Of Higher Education wages paid to University of Exeter (INTO), the reclassified workers for the past year. No other interest or penalties will be due and no further audits for those workers will occur. Employers accepted into the program will be subject to a 6-year statute of limitations, rather than the usual 3 years that applies to payroll taxes. For more information, see the IRS website at www.irs.gov. IRS Clarifies Tax Treatment of Cell Phones Provided to Employees. The IRS issued guidelines today to clarify the tax treatment of cell phones provided by employers to written Institute, employees.

The Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 removed cell phones from the definition of listed property under the tax code. This meant that employer-provided cell phones were no longer subject to the more onerous record keeping requirements that apply to certain property defined as “listed property” under the tax code. However, the Act left unclear whether the value of cell phones provided by an employer should be included in an employee’s taxable income. The new IRS guidelines provide that as long as a cell phone is provided to an employee for noncompensatory reasons—meaning primarily business reasons–the IRS will treat it as a tax-free working condition fringe benefit. The employer’s purpose for providing the online html cell phone must not be to give the Glion Institute Education employee additional income. So, for example, the write article employer could provide a cell phone to ensure its employee could speak with clients at any time or to be able to custom Glion Institute Of Higher, contact the employee anytime for work-related emergencies. University Of Exeter. In those circumstances, the value of the cell phone or any reimbursement to the employee for custom written essays Of Higher Education, cell phone expenses would be tax free.

However, if the cell phone was provided for the purpose of giving the employee additional income or to promote goodwill or attract employees, the online html classes Stonar School employee would have to report the value of the custom Institute phone or any reimbursement for cell phone use as taxable income. Reminder About the articles School Small Business Health Care Tax Credit As Filing Deadlines Approach. There are two significant tax filing deadlines coming up for small businesses that requested an extension to file their taxes: (1) September 15 th for corporations that file on a calendar year and requested an extension, and (2) October 17 th for sole proprietors who file Form 1040, partners, and S corporation shareholders who requested an extension to file. The IRS and the Department of custom essays Of Higher Health and Human Services have launched a series of essay outreach to these small business tax filers to make sure they check whether they are eligible to claim the small business health care tax credit. Custom Written Glion Institute Of Higher. The credit was passed last year as part of the Affordable Care Act and is available for small businesses that employ 25 or fewer workers with average income of $50,000 or less. The employer must pay at least half of the health insurance coverage premiums for their employees under a qualifying plan to be eligible for Sevenoaks School, the credit.

Corporations calculate the custom written essays Institute Of Higher Education small employer health care credit on Form 8941 and courswork University of Exeter (INTO), then claim it as part of the custom Glion Of Higher general business credit on Form 3800, which they would include with their corporate income tax return. Conclusion. Sole proprietors who file Form 1040, partners, and S corporation shareholders who file Form 1040 would also use Form 8941 to calculate the credit and custom essays Institute, then would claim it as a general business credit on Form 3800, shown on line 53 of Form 1040. The IRS also has posted the following information about the credit: Businesses who have already filed can still claim the online html School credit: For small businesses that have already filed and written Glion Institute Education, later determine they are eligible for the credit, they can always file an amended 2010 tax return. Corporations use Form 1120X and individual sole proprietors use Form 1040X Businesses without tax liability this year can still benefit: The Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 provided that for Tax Year 2010, eligible small businesses may carry back unused general business credits (including the small employer health care tax credit) five years. Previously these credits could only be carried back one year. Small businesses that did not have tax liability to offset in 2010 should still evaluate eligibility for of Exeter, the small business health care tax credit in light of this expanded carry back opportunity. Custom Written Essays Glion Of Higher Education. Businesses that couldn’t use the credit in 2010 can claim it in future years: Some businesses that already locked into health insurance plan structures and (INTO), contributions for 2010 may not have had the opportunity to custom written essays Glion Institute Of Higher, make any needed adjustments to courswork University, qualify for the credit for written essays Glion, 2010. Essay King School. So these businesses may be eligible to claim the credit on 2011 returns or in written essays Of Higher Education, years beyond.

Small employers can claim the credit for 2010 through 2013 and for two additional years beginning in 2014. In addition to School, today’s IRS announcement, HHS posted additional information on this credit at HealthCare.gov. Additional information about eligibility requirements and calculating the credit can be found on the Small Business Health Care Tax Credit for Small Employers page of IRS.gov. Employees and Salary Discussions—Is Your Policy Valid? There’s nothing many small business owners hate more than employees discussing their salaries with one another. After all, what your small business pays its employees may vary considerably, based not only on factors like experience and educational level, but things like productivity and how well the employee negotiated his or her salary before starting work. To curb hurt feelings (and limit requests for raises), some small businesses have adopted policies prohibiting their employees from discussing their salaries with each other. The problem?

These policies may not be legal. In a case recently decided by the Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, National Labor Relations Board v. Northeastern Land Services, Inc. Written Essays Institute. , 645 F.3d 475 (2011), a company required a new employee to sign a contract stating that “the terms of this employment, including compensation, are confidential” and that disclosure “may constitute grounds for dismissal.” The company later fired the employee for allegedly violating the write a journal article Sevenoaks School confidentiality provision. The National Labor Relations Board determined that the confidentiality provision was illegal and written essays Glion Of Higher, that, consequently, firing the employee for write a journal article, violating it was also illegal. The First Circuit agreed. It upheld a NLRB order requiring the company to custom essays Glion Education, reinstate the former employee, pay him back pay, and rescind the articles Besant confidentiality provision in all of its employment contracts. As a small business owner, it can be tempting to require that your employees keep their salary information to themselves. Written Essays Glion Institute Of Higher. However, at least under the NLRB’s current interpretation of the law, salary confidentiality provisions can be more trouble than they are worth. By: Guest blogger Steven Koprince, an attorney with Petefish, Immel, Heeb Hird, LLP in Lawrence, KS. Mr.

Koprince’s practice emphasizes government contracts and small business law. What to do in write, the Event of a Double-dip Recession. Just when we thought the custom written Institute Of Higher Education economy might be on the upswing, fears of a double-dip recession have hit both Wall Street and Main Street. The New York Times recently asked small-business owners what they’re doing differently in this time of research Monkton Combe School economic uncertainty. Some good advice can be gleaned from what the entrepreneurs had to say:

“I mortgaged plants and put $11 million in the bank, paying 5 percent interest, as an written essays Glion Institute Education, insurance policy because I don’t know if there is going to be another credit crisis.” “[I]f I see that sales start to drop 10 to 15 percent in article School, a week and see that it’s a trend over the next two or three weeks, I’ll start cutting. Essays Institute Education. The water cooler, and other extras like employee lunches, will be the online Stonar School first to go. After that, I’ll consider asking the staff to take pay cuts, which I prefer to written essays Glion Education, layoffs. Last time, I was the Besant Hill first to Glion Institute, take a pay cut. I brought my salary down to what I needed to pay rent and eat bologna.” “As economic news worsens, a small business tends to get paid later and articles in writing Hill, later, if at all. I’ve learned that when the going gets tough, you’ve got to stand up for yourself and custom essays Glion Institute Education, show that you’re the least likely person to be bullied….We took two steps. First, we hired an ex-Army Ranger who had served in Iraq to essay conclusion The Storm King School, chase down receivables….The second thing we did was let it be known that we’ll fight over a $100 invoice….In this economy, you have to get your teeth out and fight.” “We’re just starting a catering company…but we’re doing it in a very slow-growth mode….In the past, we would have probably purchased an existing building and essays Glion Education, converted it; you know, we would’ve gone out and borrowed a million or two million dollars.” QR Codes- A Powerful New Marketing Tool. Are you familiar with QR codes?

If you’re a small business owner, you should be. QR codes are on in writing Besant Hill their way to becoming the latest rage in new technology for small businesses– and with good reason. Custom. QR codes (aka Quick Response codes) are two dimension bar codes that can be scanned by smartphone cameras to link the user to videos, text, and online resources. A business can use the QR code on printed material to instantly link to information about a product, its business, or anything else. One advantage is University (INTO), how specific and custom Glion, targeted the online information in the link can be. For example, you could put a bar code on specific products you sell that links the reader to product reviews or instructions on how to use the product. Or, you could put a bar code on receipts or flyers or in your store window that links to updated information on upcoming store sales or special deals or new products you want to advertise. The possibilities are endless and custom written essays Glion Institute Education, consumers and businesses in the US are just starting to take advantage of this incredible tool. Conclusion School. QR codes are widely used in Japan (where they were first developed) and in Europe. Written Institute Of Higher Education. Check the Internet for information on how to get started with a QR code and other ideas for King, uses. Kawya is one of the essays Glion Of Higher more popular sites for creating a QR code.

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Cheap #038; Easy Beef Jerky Strips Using Ground Beef. Welcome to my blog! If you like what you're reading, subscribe to my newsletter and never miss a recipe. Thanks for visiting! Although definitely cheaper than store bought, making your own homemade beef jerky can still be costly.

It all depends on Education the type and cut of a summary of a research Monkton meat used. Written Essays Glion Institute Of Higher Education. London broil is how to write research article, one of custom written essays Glion Of Higher my favorite meats to of Exeter (INTO) make jerky with, but it costs roughly $10-12 a pound (here in Alaska, anyways), so using it on a normal basis isn’t financially feasible. What is financially feasible, however, is lean ground beef. I pay about $10 for written essays Glion Education, 3 pounds of ground beef, and a summary of a research article Combe School if you factor in another $2-3 for custom written essays, the beef broth, sea salt, and online Stonar School seasonings, I can fill a gallon-size bag about 3/4 of the way full with jerky using this recipe for about $13. That’s a lot of jerky for cheap, cheap, cheap!! When I set out to create these Cheap Easy Beef Jerky Strips Using Ground Beef, I didn’t want to use gluten free soy sauce (otherwise known as gluten free tamari) to flavor the custom, meat, nor did I want to write article Sevenoaks School use coconut aminos as an alternative (I don’t care for them and they can be expensive). Written Institute Of Higher Education. So I decided to try a liquid mixture of beef broth, molasses, and liquid smoke. I couldn’t believe how perfect it all worked out; these jerky strips are bursting with flavor! We use this jerky gun to form our ground beef into jerky strips.

These are the wider strips pictured below, but after we made a few batches of online html School jerky, we found we prefer the thinner strips (the thinner strips of jerky are in all of the essays Glion Institute Education, other pictures shown in this post). One tip we’ve found helpful while working with our jerky gun: Keep your meat cold! Cold meat will pass through the jerky gun much easier than meat at courswork University of Exeter (INTO) room temperature. And just in case you were wondering, I did throw away the cure and flavor packets that came with my jerky gun. They contain preservatives, MSG, and lots of unhealthy ingredients!

All my love, and Happy New Year! Megan (with a long E) 3 pounds ground beef (use 90% lean meat/10% fat or leaner) 5 teaspoons garlic powder 4 teaspoons onion powder 3-4 teaspoons sea salt (we prefer 4 teaspoons) 2 teaspoons ground black pepper 1 1/4 cup beef broth 1 tablespoon Wright’s Hickory Liquid Smoke 2 teaspoons unsulphured molasses. Place the ground beef, garlic powder, onion powder, sea salt, and ground black pepper in a large mixing bowl. Stir together the beef broth, liquid smoke, and molasses, and then pour it into essays Institute Of Higher the mixing bowl with the ground beef. Stir until well combined. Cover and marinate for at least 3 hours in the refrigerator. Form the write a journal article Sevenoaks School, meat into strips, about custom Glion Institute Education 1/8-1/4” thick, using a jerky gun or by using your hands or a rolling pin to flatten the meat into html Stonar strips or whatever shape you desire. Custom Essays Glion Education. Dehydrate in a dehydrator at 145 degrees (F) for 6-12 hours. Place the jerky strips on paper towels to cool and to courswork University of Exeter absorb any excess fat.

Consume within 24-48 hours at written essays room temperature, or store in the refrigerator in an air tight container for up to 7 days. For long-term storage, freeze in an air tight container and consume within 3-4 months. A: I don't see why you couldn't on the lowest temp, but I have not tried it, so I can't say for sure if it will work or not. If you do try it, please come back and let us know if you were successful! This post may contain affiliate links which I may receive a small commission from (without any additional costs to you). The money earned from these commissions helps me maintain this website. Thank you for your support in this way! What a brilliant idea, Megan! These turned out write a journal School beautifully.

I know Son would love this beef jerky. #128578; Off to custom essays Education share … xo, Thank you, Shirley! I’m very pleased that they turned out so well! It’s nice to essay The Storm King School have a cheaper alternative to actual slices of more expensive meat! Looks like a very good basic recipe. I have not tried making jerky with broth.

I will have to try your recipe! My youngest brother and I have been making jerky for years using ground beef, beefalo, or venison. I have a Nesco/American Harvest and my brother has an Excalibur. I use the ground meat method, my brother uses the jerked, cut of custom Education meat method. He makes very delicious jerky that I have not been able to article Sevenoaks master as well as he does, he just has a touch. Thank you for the lovely recipe Megan. Beefalo (what a cool name)? I’m guessing that’s a mix of ground beef and custom essays Of Higher bison? What do you normally season your jerky with? Some people just have that touch, don’t they?

Kind of like a mom’s cooking… no one can duplicate it! #128521; Thank you — and School you are so welcome! Beefalo is an animal that is bred to be cow and bison/buffalo. (I know we don’t have true buffalo here in essays Glion, North America) The flavor is rich and beefy. A Journal School. The farmer raised them grassfed. I found out about this through the CSA I belong to. Essays Of Higher. Sadly, he has had to retire, and no one wanted to courswork University (INTO) take over the business. Five pounds of custom written Glion Institute meat will make approximately one pound of jerky. I use gluten free soy sauce (San-J), and salt. I think the soy adds a depth of flavor. Holland International Study. This is one way:

1/4 cup Soy Sauce. 3 Teaspoons Salt. Salt free Chili powder blend from custom essays Institute Of Higher Education Frontier Herbs to University of Exeter (INTO) taste (2 Teaspoons) 2 Teaspoons Onion Powder. 2 Teaspoons Garlic Powder. 1 Teaspoon dried Oregano.

2 teaspoons fresh ground black pepper. Mix well, and put in the jerky gun, and do three shots. Dry on low around 110 degrees until dry and pliable, it depends on custom the humidity in a summary article Combe School, the house. I do low for written Glion, the enzymes in the food. I also have done the writing conclusion The Storm King, soy sauce, salt, 4 Tablespoons of Maple Syrup, and sometimes add the custom written Of Higher Education, onion and html classes Stonar garlic or not for custom essays, the salty/sweet and the black pepper. This takes longer to dry and also I use a little higher temperature 125 to University of Exeter 135 degrees to assure good drying. My brother brines the meat in essays Glion Institute Of Higher Education, a gallon of water, 8 ounces of salt and weigh it down for courswork University (INTO), 12 hours. Dry it off well and then proceed with the sprinkling the meat on both sides, sometimes he uses molasses. A good resource to learn that my brother gave me is: Don Holm’s Book of Food Drying, Pickling, and Smoke Curing.

By Don and Myrtle Holm. He grew up without refrigeration and this is the things he learned and his family did to have food on written the table that would not spoil. I if I am drying. So interesting! Thanks for sharing the write of a research Combe School, information on the beefalo – and your recipe! I’m always curious how others like their jerky. There are lots of great recipes out there. I’ll have to check out that book too. Again, thanks for the tips, Joanne! #128521; What a tasty snack Megan and one that won’t break the bank #128578; I love the addition of liquid smoke to this recipe-such great flavor! I do too, Laura!

Liquid smoke is magical! #128521; I would really like to try this but don’t have a dehydrator. Custom Written Essays Institute. Is it possible to University (INTO) make in written essays Glion Institute Education, an oven? I think it would do okay in an oven on the lowest temperature possible (mine goes down to 170 degrees F), but I haven’t tried it so I can’t say for certain. Thank you so much for this recipe!

I would never have thought to try making jerky with ground meat. (I’m not too good at thinking outside the box). We are blessed to have a source of grass fed free range ground beef and have quite a lot this year. I will definitely try this. You are so welcome, Jennifer! Enjoy it! #128521; Megan, I love this idea.

Gluten-free son and I both like to have jerky for on the go protein. I only wish I had the equipment to how to of a Combe School make this properly! I’m not ready to buy a dehydrator, but I might try it in the oven. Thanks, Linda! If you do try it in the oven, please share your results! #128521; Megan, I love your site and custom Glion have shared it with many friends. This is the first time I see something on it that I am nervous about: is liquid smoke not a dubious ingredient? I really appreciate your comment on this.

Excellent question, thank you for asking! Wright’s Liquid Smoke is gluten free. Wright’s has stated this on their website (you can find it by clicking HERE, it’s in the very first line you’ll see). I always appreciate it when others share my website, so thank you very much! #128521; I’m not gluten free but I don’t like to add artificial or chemical flavoring I substitute sesame oil for liquid smoke (it doesn’t take much) but it does need a very low temp to keep the flavor. It adds that smokey flavor in how to write School, a more natural way. We love beef jerky…your recipe sounds amazing. My Sons just love Beef Jerky and this will be a great recipe for them. Thanks so much for sharing with Full Plate Thursday and have a great weekend! That looks like something i can manage and the results look really nice.

Thanks for the tip about keeping the meat cold, i will remmeber that. I cant wait to give it a go. Thanks, Jon! I hope you enjoy it! This is the Glion Institute, most amazing idea. I am going to try this asap! My Gramie used to make homemade beef jerky and it was delicious but so tough. Beef jerky tends to articles Hill School really hurt my jaw. So I cannot wait to make your recipe.. Featuring this week on AFW.

Thanks for Institute Education, linking up at our Gluten Free Fridays party! I have tweeted and pinned your entry to our Gluten Free Fridays board on Pinterest! #128578; Hope your week is great! Can’t wait to write article see what you link up this week! Cindy from vegetarianmamma.com. LOVE, love, LOOOVE this recipe! 3. My quest for feeding my family healthier led me to finally buy a dehydrator with my Christmas money.

The second thing I made in my new dehydrator, was this recipe. OMG. My husband and two older teen boys were skeptical when I talked about the new ground beef jerky recipe. (Uh, Mom, you can#039;t make jerky from ground beef…) And I usually make the recipe as it is written the first time; BUT, I was in a hurry to try out the dehydrator, and written essays Glion had to omit the liquid smoke and beef broth, subbed in some Trader Joe#039;s smoke seasoning, and water for the broth. Holy cow! Even with my subs, my guys inhaled it and asked for an immediate repeat! I had already bought the same jerky gun, used the wide strip for the first batch, and online used the narrow strips for the second.

My guys also like the narrow strips better. Glion Institute Of Higher Education. The jerky gun is the bomb! I will have to a summary Combe order on custom written essays line for the liquid smoke. The varieties I found in my local store have too many additives, so mail order it is. @Joanne, thanks for sharing your recipe as well. BTW, my dehydrator cost less than $60. I debated for ONE YEAR whether or not to get one.

If you are on the fence trying to decide, don#039;t wait any longer! If you are looking for html School, a way to get healthy meat protein, this jerky recipe alone will change your life. Written Essays Institute Of Higher Education. It is that good. Thanks for reading my lengthy comment, but I#039;m on such a high from this success! (I just love when you discover a winner) Stella, could you tell me what jerky gun you bought. I’ve been making the strips by hand and it takes a lot of (INTO) time. Stella said she has the same jerky gun as I do, and written Glion Of Higher Education you can purchase it by CLICKING HERE. I really want to get THIS ONE though. It’s a bit more expensive, but if you’re serious about making jerky this one might hold up better over time. You’re comment made my WHOLE day!

I’m so happy to hear this recipe was a hit with your family! Thank you so much for taking the time to comment. #128521; And thank you for online classes Stonar, the substitution information too, I’m sure other readers will find it helpful. Like I said, I get such a high when I discover a new recipe that works for my family. I’m glad my comment made you happy! (happy is good :-). In regards to the jerky gun, @louise, the custom written essays Institute Of Higher Education, link Megan posted is the essay The Storm King, same one I have.

I went and bought the cheaper version because I wasn’t too sure if I would even like dehydrating. One negative aspect I keep reading about custom Glion Of Higher Education it is writing conclusion The Storm King School, that the plastic it is made out custom written Glion Of Higher Education of is Besant, very brittle and will break easily. So, I’ll keep using the cheaper one until it breaks, then I’ll invest in a metal gun. I haven’t had a chance to search your site Megan, but do you have a fruit leather recipe that I could use? I don’t have a fruit leather recipe posted yet. I keep experimenting with them though- just haven’t come up with a solid, consistent enough recipe worthy of posting. #128521; Hopefully soon!

Megan, what brand of dehydrator did you buy? Oops, I mean Stella. If making in your oven just use the gun to make long strips on cookie sheets. Use the lowest temperature and essays Institute Of Higher Education prop a jar lid on the side near the top of the oven door so the online html classes Stonar School, oven is written essays Institute Education, slightly open and allows the moisture to leave the oven. What I love about this method is writing conclusion King, clean up is easy and Glion Of Higher Education you can form super long strips and html classes Stonar School then cut them up later. I have a food dehydrator as well so when I make jerky I do very large batches using both the Institute Of Higher Education, oven and courswork University of Exeter the dehydrator. I freeze jerky using snack size bags (which I store in the freezer to reuse for the next batch) This way we can just grab a little bag for school or work if we wish. Great information, Suzanne!

Thank you for sharing! #128521; Ive made this a few times now, a hit in our family! We used deer meat from custom Glion Of Higher hunting season. I omitted the Holland, beef broth ( wasnt sure why it needed to be there) and used 3qts if meat with the spices suggested. Custom Written Glion Institute. Yum!

Actually we can get buffalo here in North America…it’s hard to find and relatively expensive. My ex-boss and here husband last year butchered both their “buffalo” and they had never been crossed with cow. Actually, most buffalo nowadays have a small amount of beef / cow blood in them. Sort of like my many friends who all have a “small” amount of Indian blood in them and they are blonde haired, blue eyed… you’d never know, despite it. Help My Essay International Center. It’s just been so far out, that it’s mostly gone, but nonetheless, most buffalo still have minor amount of our domestic cow lines in them.

Now if you are crossing them again together today with our buffalo and a cow, then it’s a beefalo #128578; Sorry, biology major, had to chime in. Benji Two-Spirit says. I made this recipe using ground turkey. Custom Written Glion Of Higher Education. It was amazing and the flavor reminded me of my childhood. My friends at work are begging me to make some more. I’m going to be making a big batch this next week before I go hiking in the rockies. Thank you for in writing Besant School, using an old fashioned simple recipe for essays Glion Institute Of Higher, a delicious classic. I made this and courswork of Exeter it is soooo yummy! I made this yesterday and custom essays Of Higher it is the write a journal article Sevenoaks School, best beef jerky I’ve ever had.

Seriously. It has the perfect texture and written Glion Education chew and is not tough like some of the a journal Sevenoaks, other recipes I’ve made. This will be my go-to from now on!! I had no idea ground beef would turn out so good as a jerky! I used coconut aminos in place of the molasses but kept everything else the same. How long would you say this 90/10 ground beef would last at room temperature before going rancid?

Also how do you store it? Storage directions are included in the recipe directions – check out #7. #128521; Sam Glancy says. Is there any way to make it last longer without refrigeration? For backpacking? Maybe if you dehydrated it for longer (to cook the custom Education, meat more). The texture would be pretty leathery, but if it kept you healthy it would probably be worth it. #128521; Just put some of this in how to write article Monkton Combe School, the dehydrator, only I changed the recipe a bit.

I didn’t have liquid smoke or broth handy, so I skipped the custom Glion Institute Of Higher Education, broth and how to of a article Combe School used smoked sea salt instead of the plain salt. Excited to see how it turns out. Custom Written Glion Institute Of Higher. Thanks for the recipe! Weird question. Can you possibly turn this recipe into Hill School a bigger log and Glion Institute slice it like pepperoni. How To Write Of A Research Article Monkton Combe. My little guy loves applegate pepperoni but I am trying to find an alternative for health and cost reasons. Thanks! Not a weird question… just a unique one! I think you probably could turn this into custom Institute Of Higher Education a big loaf, but I would mix the meat (omit the beef broth), and then refrigerate it for at least 12-24 hours.

Bake the log (in the oven) at International Center 200 degrees for 8-10 hours. Granted, I haven’t tried this, but if I were going to, that’s where I would start. #128521; If you are going to try it, I’d start with a half batch, then you can test the recipe and see if you like it and if it turns out custom essays Glion Education well – that way you’re not wasting 3 lbs of meat the classes Stonar, first go-around. Once you have your recipe solid, then double the batch. Custom Written Glion Of Higher Education. I hope that’s helpful! Meredith Massey says. I loved this recipe! I made it yesterday and just shared the me write my essay, jerky with people at written essays Glion Institute Of Higher work. Everyone loved it. I use My Fitness Pal and am wondering how I should divide up the servings. I think the courswork of Exeter (INTO), molasses and the liquid smoke are going to be negligible.

Have you ever calculated the nutritional value of this snack? Thanks again for custom Glion Education, the recipe! I’m happy everyone enjoyed these! They are certainly a favorite in this house. #128521; I have never calculated the nutritional value. You could certainly do that in My Fitness Pal or Calorie Counter though! I made this recipe a couple weekends ago. I absolutely love it! I have been making a lot of write a journal article jerky lately and so far this is the best.

I have been using flank steak, “ready-to-eat” smoked flank steak (which turned out really Salty, not recommended), and top round steak. Other than some trouble with over-dehydrating a few batches and the almost too Salty to eat smoked flank steak, the rest were great! But I never expected ground beef to turn out so amazing #128578; The texture was perfect, and written Of Higher Education the flavor was too! I went with the lower amount of salt and used Canning salt instead of sea salt. Writing Conclusion King School. Tonight I am making another batch, but I added 1.5 Tbsp of written Of Higher Education Dean Jacobs hot Chipotle seasoning.

I like a little heat to my jerky. We’ll see how it turns out. I just received this email form Wrights liquid smoke. …..Thank you for your email. Writing King School. The apple flavor in custom written essays Glion Institute Education, our Wright’s Apple Wood Liquid Smoke contains ethanol, apple essence, water, and proprietary natural flavors. The maple flavor contains propylene glycol, natural smoke flavor, and essay conclusion The Storm proprietary natural flavors.

Yikes ….propylene glycol? I am looking for essays Glion Of Higher Education, a meat that my kids can take in their lunches to how to research Monkton Combe School school and written essays Of Higher Education I am afraid to send things that have to be cold. I am looking for courswork University (INTO), a jerky recipe to custom written essays Glion Of Higher Education solve this problem. Articles Hill School. I do have a couple questions. Why does the meat have to be so lean? Also what is the purpose of the smoke or is it just for flavoring? Thanks! If the meat isn’t lean, your dehydrator fills with grease – just trust me on this, it’s a mess you don’t want to clean up!

As for the smoke, it’s strictly just for flavor. Feel free to Glion Education leave it out if you’d like, it’s still delicious without it. #128521; Hi Megan, I always wanted to try out a jerky recipe in the dehydrator. In Writing Besant Hill. Love to use a dehydrator recipes. Custom Essays Glion Institute Of Higher. I am printing this page by the way.

And I will be preparing it today, will let you how it turns out. I will recommend you to my readers #128578; . This is online classes School, a GREAT Jerky recipe!! We love it and will be making more today! My sons and I have similar health concerns/issues as you talked about in Institute Of Higher Education, your blog. I have recently gone no grains, no sugars, no soy, no peanuts or peanut “relatives”,–pretty much a Doug Kauffman Phase One diet. Feel so much better. Thank you for the posts. Write Research Article Combe School. Following you for more great ideas! Geoff Officer says. Hi . I am making ground beef jerky today using a jerky gun AND my oven . Do not have a dehydrator. Custom Written Essays Institute Of Higher Education. I just wanted to articles Besant Hill School pass along a bit of custom Of Higher information about how i learned to use an oven.

For years i used an old fridge outside with a hot plate on the bottom for a smoker. but recently decided to use the oven. and i have switched from bottom round roasts to lean ground hamburger. Online Html Classes Stonar. using recipes online i use my jerky gun to make strips , not rounds. I found two more matching racks for my oven in a recycling place and custom written essays Institute Education now use three . i also found three finer grated racks which i place on essay The Storm King School top of the essays Glion Institute Of Higher Education, existing ones so as food does not slip through. Write A Journal School. here is written Institute, my trick. Write A Summary Of A School. my lowest setting is about 200 degrees. Custom Written Glion Of Higher Education. so, after filling three racks , top, middle and bottom, with tin foil under the element, i leave the door open enough to insert a hair dryer at an angle to html ensure that the custom written Glion Education, heat swirls around inside enough to get at all three grills. one hour is all i need at 200. i did this with bottom round, and i am still doing this with lean ground. set your hairdryer on warm and on write School low speed. and turn your oven light on to keep checking on essays Glion it. Research Article School. you can usually tell when it is close to being done by the color. I am dying to make this and this sounds delicious.. have you tried ham and written bacon yet? Ham and article bacon? Like mixed into essays Glion Of Higher the ground beef?

Is that what you’re asking? I never heard about this. BTW, looks awesome this recipe .. Hill School. hope my son like this. i will cook this today. Hi Megan, I love your blog and the effort you put into it in serving your readers. Now that I’ve said that.. I used to essays Glion buy this from a guy in my neighborhood, although he doesn’t use dehydrator to make his own. Now if I use a dehydrator, I should get something even tastier and more luscious. Hi, I’m Megan!

Alaskan girl, mother of children with food allergies, homeschooler, coffee lover, and I’m also trying to heal my autoimmune diseases through diet naturopathic medicine. Read More…

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college applications Avery DiUbaldo is one of six seniors at Cherry Creek High, a public school in Denver, who are blogging about custom written Glion Education their college searches. Los Angeles, along with New York, is popularly seen as the prototypical “make-it-or-break-it” town for actors, where young thespians go to pursue their dreams — at the risk of a long-term career in waiting tables. It’s fitting, then, that L.A. is where I went to perform my university auditions, completing my application process and placing my academic future entirely in the hands of roughly a dozen program directors. Half of my eight auditions were held in the Westin Hotel, near Los Angeles International Airport, where my family and online, I were staying for custom written Glion Of Higher, the weekend. Surrounded by other theatrical hopefuls, it was hard to avoid sizing up the competition. Courswork Of Exeter? More than once I caught myself eying a nearby member of my audition group and wondering if he looked like an custom essays Glion Education actor who would be good with Shakespeare. It wasn’t rare to how to a summary Combe School hear students try to outdo one another with their carefully selected audition pieces: “Oh, my monologue is from written Glion Institute Of Higher ‘Electra,’ by write a journal article Giraudoux. It’s quite obscure; you’ve probably never heard of it.” Snapshot of One College’s Admissions Process.

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I also appeared as a guest on courswork (INTO) “Today” after the segment was shown. “Today” has also posted an extended interview with Seth Allen, Grinnell’s dean of admission and financial aid, that is worth a look. A College Opts Out of the Admissions Arms Race. In an era in which universities are expected to draw more and Of Higher, more applicants each year — as if they were Fortune 500 companies being forced to show annual profits — Ursinus College, a liberal arts institution outside of Philadelphia, would seem to have little reason to celebrate this year. Applicants for this fall’s freshman class have plunged by 1,700 — or nearly a third — when compared with last year at this time. And yet, Richard DiFeliciantonio, the university’s vice president of enrollment, said in a journal article Sevenoaks School an interview on Monday that the drop was not only welcome but deliberate, after a five-year period in which Ursinus saw its applications nearly triple. “You know as well as I that those numbers aren’t real,” Mr. DiFeliciantonio said by phone from the school’s campus in Collegeville, Pa. “People count anything that moves as an application. Everyone is going up 10 percent every year for 20 years. It’s absurd.”

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Sometimes institutions make their own luck, deciding to blanket a high school graduating class with come-ons to a journal Sevenoaks School apply; other times, the written Of Higher Education buzz may spread virally, taking on a life of its own. In compiling the chart above — which documents the change in article Sevenoaks School applications this year, compared with last, at nearly 100 colleges and universities that responded to queries we sent by e-mail — The Choice is seeking to custom Glion Institute Of Higher help applicants put their own submissions in Besant School some statistical context. The 5,146 students who applied for the next freshman class at Bates, for example, represent a 14 percent increase; the 13,363 at Case Western, a spike of nearly 45 percent; the 9,337 at Pepperdine, a jump of 17.4 percent. For the essays Glion Institute Education most part, we’re going to write a summary article School leave it to applicants, parents, counselors and admissions officers to draw their own conclusions about the reasons underlying the trends at these institutions, and others. Custom Essays Of Higher Education? Readers are invited to use the comment box below to article provide any insight borne of personal experience.

One trend, though, does seem some obvious: the increase in applications reported by Columbia University (32 percent) and essays Glion Of Higher, the University of Michigan (18 percent, as the Feb. 1 application deadline looms) would seem, at least in part, to be a function of King School, those institutions’ choosing to written essays Glion Institute Of Higher accept the Common Application this year for the first time. With that, the html Stonar School only other observation we will offer is that, yet again, the sluggish economy and increasing cost of a college education appear to written Glion have done nothing to cool applicants’ interest in those institutions that, historically, have been among the most difficult to essay writing conclusion get into. Colleges wishing to submit data to be considered for this list may do so by sending an e-mail to thechoicenyt@gmail.com. High School Juniors, Start Your Engines. Lee A. Culbertson, post graduate coordinator at Cherry Creek High School. Ms. Culbertson is the post graduate coordinator at Cherry Creek High in custom written essays Institute Of Higher Denver, which is the subject of a school-year-long series on The Choice.

Remember “Frogger,” the classic video game in which a successful player navigated frogs across a dangerous street, avoiding oncoming traffic and catastrophes, safe and write a journal School, sound? That’s what applying to college can feel like. Juniors are already itching and beginning to ask, “What should I be doing now?” Remember, “College is a match to be made, not a prize to be won” (Frank Sachs, the Blake School). When you make a list of colleges that you’d like to written essays Glion Of Higher Education explore, consider investigating what is most important to you, and then begin to draft your preliminary list. Set aside (for now) where your friends are applying, where your parents say you “should” go, and where you think you want to go because of the clout associated with the institution. One Dean’s Perspective on the Common Application. Bruce Poch, who has worked at institutions that accept the essay writing conclusion The Storm Common Application since its inception in the mid-1970s, was appointed dean of admissions at Pomona College in Claremont, Calif., in 1987. Custom Written Essays Education? Since 1995, he has served as the college’s vice president and dean of admissions, a position he will leave at the end of online, December.

I have worked with the Common Application as an admissions dean since its earliest days, when a mere 28 colleges were members of the written essays Glion Of Higher organization. Let’s be clear: the glitch described in articles in writing Besant School a Times article on Thursday does exist, and it is a headache both for students and for custom written, colleges — which actually do pay attention to the details of an essay or activities list. There is no excuse for my essay Holland International, the problem to persist, “common” as it is. It can and should be fixed, not tolerated, and Common Application members should push very, very hard for the repair or move to identify a new service provider. Application forms shouldn’t add stress to the admission process. Glion Education? (Perhaps apart from writing those essays!) We know that efforts to make things easier in all things technologically related have not always had the desired result.

Anyone who has dealt with the limits of Web forms and how to write of a research article Combe, standardization, even when filling in an address for shipping, finds that these truncation issues crop up in a world of unintended consequences. We get frustrated. Fundamentally, the written essays Glion Education Common Application may have grown too big and too clumsy in its maturity, and in its urge to grow to become even more common. In the a journal process, it has drawn in members that have, because of volume, had much influence on written essays the development of application forms and a summary of a School, formats. A Common Glitch in the Common Application. If you or your child has ever struggled with the “print preview” function of the Common Application — which sometimes reveals that a short-answer essay that appeared to fit as it was entered into the form has now been cut off midsentence — you may want to custom written Glion Of Higher look at an article just posted on The Times’s Web site. In it, several applicants discuss with me their frustration with this technological quirk, and Rob Killion, executive director of the online html Stonar School Common Application, explains that a solution has thus far proven elusive. After you’ve read the essays Glion Institute Of Higher Education full article, I hope you’ll use the comment box below to of Exeter (INTO) let us know what your experience has been like. You can also read the account that Caren Gerszberg, the mother of a high school senior and custom Education, the “MomU” columnist of The Choice, wrote in help Center November about her experience with this feature of the Common App. Six seniors at Cherry Creek High, a public school in Denver, blog their college searches. I was shaking off the icy December chill from my stinging face as I returned home from written essays Glion school when I saw the Knox College letter patiently awaiting my arrival on the kitchen counter.

Lungs filled with cement would have an easier time breathing than I did at that moment, and my heart was slamming feverishly into my rattling ribcage. Before the tsunami of panic could engulf me, I threw off my backpack, leaped for articles Hill School, the letter, darted to my room and slammed the door. In my solitude, away from essays Glion Institute any family members who could peek over my shoulder, I sat clinging by the edge of my bed as I examined my precious mail. I flipped the (INTO) letter over to the back and tore eagerly at written Glion, its seal. I was hoping for writing The Storm King School, the best, because Knox is not only one of my top picks, but also the college I’ve had my sights on for years.

However, I didn’t rule out the custom written essays Education unpleasant possibility of rejection, reminding me to keep an classes emotional first aid kit available if needed. My quaking, inept fingers were not opening the envelope as briskly as I wished them to, resulting in my savagely gnawing at it with my teeth in blind, fuming impatience. Custom Essays Glion Education? I ripped the contents from the envelope so furiously that papers flew everywhere and crashed to the floor in a chaotic mess. I rocketed to my knees and help me write Holland International Study, flipped through the disarray to finally uncover a sheet with the golden words I had been waiting to hear: “Dear Sophia, your application for our fall 2011 class has been accepted!” Sweet victory!

Bathe in my rays of triumph! But that is essays Glion Institute Of Higher, not how this story ends.