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Essay on Human Rights for Children and Students
At Yahoo, a Case Study in rights writing School, Death by Leadership. The Yahoo headquarters in Sunnyvale, California. (Photo: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images) Until now, Hewlett Packard has been Silicon Valley’s pretty much undisputed champion of serial mismanagement. What can you say about a company with so many shabby episodes that the one people tend to forget is the time its chairwoman faced criminal charges? But there’s a new challenger for the title: Yahoo, which is travel articles University of Groningen facing Armageddon in human rights, the form of an academic journal article School, bids, due today, for its core businesses. Verizon (which already owns AOL), the U.K.’s Daily Mail and various investment firms are rumored among the potential suitors, with companies like ATT, Microsoft, Google and human essay writing, SoftBank (which controls Yahoo Japan) hanging around the periphery of the process.
No one can say for sure what will come next, but it’s entirely possible it will be the dismantling of the writing journal School, once-dominant, already hollowed-out Web portal. If this is indeed the end of Yahoo as we’ve known it, autopsies are likely to pinpoint the cause of human essay School, death as “murder by International School-Salzburg leadership.” Since it went public in 1996, Yahoo has had five-and-a-half chief executive officers (not counting two interim CEOs). Of those, only the first—Tim Koogle—can be counted a success; though Mr. Koogle left his job at human rights, a down time for the company, in retrospect that had more to writing travel articles University of Groningen, do with the bursting of the initial Internet bubble than with his own failings. Since then, it’s been a wild ride, mostly downward, as a succession of managers grappled with and human rights essay Westbourne School, generally failed to adequately answer the existential question of whether Yahoo—with its hundreds of millions of users and widely visited sports, finance and other sites—was a technology company that happened to also create and house content, or a media company that also happened to travel articles, provide email, search and other online services. Consider the roster of CEOs since Mr. Koogle stepped down in 2001: There’s an old saying that when you have a hammer, every problem looks like a nail. Terry Semel, CEO from 2001 to 2007, was an Old Media guy, the human rights essay writing, celebrated former co-chief of Warner Bros., who brought in other media types and invested in ramping up content production, even opening a Hollywood—OK, Santa Monica—media hub. Meanwhile, Google and Facebook were growing into the powerhouses that would eventually dislodge Yahoo as the preeminent player on the Web. There have been reports for years that Mr. Semel could have purchased either of them for what today would be regarded as a pittance.
The truth is probably murkier—but he certainly did little to blunt the threats they eventually became. Several generations of Yahoo board members should be ashamed. Having the company co-founder step in to run things has worked well at Google (now Alphabet). At Yahoo, not so much. Jerry Yang’s tenure as CEO, from 2007 to 2009, will forever be remembered for a persuasive article Idyllwild Academy his handling of human writing, Microsoft’s unsolicited offer to buy the company. Steve Ballmer was willing to pay a rich 62 percent premium over Yahoo’s market capitalization the day before the a persuasive Idyllwild, offer was announced. Mr. Yang fought it off, then saw the value of the company cut in half in little more than a year. Oops.
I’ve always thought former Autodesk CEO Carol Bartz, who took over at Yahoo in writing, 2009, got a lot of critical thinking tests Istituto Marangoni Paris, unfair blame. She was dealt an human rights writing Westbourne School, exceedingly weak hand, with Yahoo losing market share in search to creative essays Leysin American School, Google above it and Microsoft’s Bing below and few apparent options to reverse the trend. Her answer was to human essay School, essentially outsource search to Microsoft. But the deal failed to generate the “boatloads of writing articles University of Groningen Group), money” she had imprudently led investors to expect, and with Yahoo’s advertising business in freefall, she was, as she publicly announced, “fired over the phone” in 2011. At the very least, she left behind this epic video clip of her telling TechCrunch founder Michael Arrington to fuck off.
On stage. Human Rights Westbourne? At his own conference. Her successor, former PayPal executive Scott Thompson, lasted a mere 130 days in the job before he was done in by a controversy, fanned by an activist investor, over critical Istituto Marangoni whether his claimed academic credentials were accurate. He now runs the rights essay, e-commerce site ShopRunner. Could he have been the one to turn around Yahoo? Put it this way: Unlike most of the others, there’s no evidence he couldn’t. That brings us to the incumbent, Marissa Mayer. She joined from Google with a penchant for attracting dazzling press coverage—try searching the phrase “gorgeously geeky Googler” if you don’t believe me—and a reputation for writing journal being smart and hard-working, but also short on writing Westbourne the managerial and leadership skills needed to restore morale and reverse the company’s downward spiral.
In four years, she’s done little to revise that assessment. Sample Writing Essays American? She made a big early splash, buying the blogging site Tumblr for $1.1 billion, luring media celebrities like Katie Couric and former New York Times tech columnist David Pogue, and launching a series of “digital magazines.” But the company has since written down its Tumblr investment and shuttered many of the magazines, while technology investments in human rights writing, mobile search and elsewhere have yet to pay meaningful dividends. It’s unfair to lay Yahoo’s problems at Ms. Mayer’s feet; each CEO has inherited a weaker company than his or her predecessor. What you can say, without dispute, is that none of them was the right person to fix the problems. And for that, several generations of Yahoo board members should be ashamed. Sample Writing Essays Leysin? Rich Jaroslovsky is an human rights essay School, Observer technology columnist and vice president of SmartNews Inc. Reach him at email@example.com or on Twitter @RichJaro. How Princess Diana#8217;s Death Modernized the Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
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Human Rights Essay
Low returns on other investments and fears about the world economy have caused the price of gold to human rights Westbourne School, soar. Don’t count on a persuasive article its continued rise. Add this article to your reading list by clicking this button. ON THE kind of hot, sultry day in which the brutal Delhi summer specialises, the attractions of lingering languidly over gold jewellery in air-conditioned comfort are easily understood. Yet customers are thin on the ground in the jewellery section of the Central Market, an unruly hive of commerce in the middle-class district of Lajpat Nagar. “Business has never been this slow in the 14 years that I've run this place,” complains Mrs Anand, owner of Hans Jewellers. Lajpat Nagar's jewellers estimate that sales are down by 40% or more on a year ago. In a typical year India soaks up perhaps a quarter of all the gold mined in the world.
Now, however, not only human rights essay writing School, are people not buying; more and more of them want to swap their gold jewellery for cash. Jyoti Pal, a shop assistant, reckons that these days about as many people come in to sell as to buy. Suresh Hundia, president of the Bombay Bullion Association, goes further: “There are only sellers in writing articles of Groningen, the market at these prices and most jewellers are buying back only old jewellery.” Middle-class Indians have been turned from buyers to sellers by human rights the rapid increase in the price of gold in the past couple of a persuasive article years. The seemingly insatiable demand of mainly Western investors, drawn to human writing Westbourne School, gold as a store of value rather than as an adornment, has driven the price from tests, less than $700 an ounce in 2007 to more than $1,200 since May this year. Last month it reached its highest-ever point in nominal terms, $1,264.90. It has eased a little since, sliding below $1,200 this week.
After adjusting for inflation (measured using American consumer prices), in recent weeks the gold price has been at its highest for 30 years—although only rights Westbourne School, just over essays American, half its all-time high (see chart 1). In both the Central Market and the international financial markets, there is no shortage of people who believe that the price will resume its ascent. Ronald Stoferle, an analyst at Austria's Erste Group, points out that the value of American gold holdings amounts to about 1.85% of the country's GDP. In 1940 it was above 20% and in 1980 close to 7%. This, he argues, points to continued demand for gold from investors. He expects the gold price to hit $2,300 by 2012. The appetite for gold arises partly from the essay writing paltry, uncertain returns from more conventional investments. Gold's main drawback is that it pays neither a dividend, like a share, nor a coupon, like a bond, nor a rent, like property.
But monetary policy has been keeping official interest rates, and thus the opportunity cost of essays Leysin holding gold, low and rights writing, seems set to do so for a while. The yields on thinking religion Hotel Montreux the government bonds investors regard as safest, notably America's and Germany's, are also thin. Human Rights Essay School? Equity markets are weighed down by worries about economic growth. Investing in property, which lay at the root of the financial crisis, requires a boldness that many still lack. At the Institute same time, the looseness of monetary policy has made many investors fear the eventual resurgence of inflation. The wretched state of many governments' finances makes some worry about states' ability to repay their debts—or about the temptation to inflate them away. Banks' exposure to sovereign debt and to human rights writing Westbourne School, a still-fragile world economy adds another layer of a persuasive article Idyllwild concerns. And when all governments would like their currencies to be weaker rather than stronger, whose paper money do you trust? Hussein Allidina, head of commodities research at Morgan Stanley, reckons: “Gold looks better every day with growing sovereign risks.”
Some gold bulls argue that the long-term prospect for gold prices is bright even if these fears subside. Income per person in human rights essay writing Westbourne, China and India, the biggest markets for jewellery, is essay tutorial International racing along, the reasoning goes, and this should support the market. But the human essay writing Westbourne School price surge has had others shaking their heads. As an investment that does not produce income, its attraction lies solely in the hope that its value will rise or at least be maintained. As a metal, its main use is in jewellery. It defies logic, say the bears, that its price should remain so high without any fundamental change in the sources of essay tutorial International School-Salzburg demand or constraints on human rights essay writing School supply. Willem Buiter, a former professor at the London School of essay writing International Economics who is now the chief economist of Citigroup, has called gold the subject of “the longest-lasting bubble in human history”.
He says that he would not invest more than a sliver of his wealth “into something without intrinsic value, something whose positive value is based on nothing more than a set of self-confirming beliefs.” At the root of this debate about the durability of the gold-price rally are different beliefs about the future path of demand and human essay writing Westbourne, supply. There have been notable shifts on both sides of the market, serving to push up the price of gold. These predate the global financial crisis: between 2003 and 2007, when some investors were already beginning to doubt the sustainability of the Marangoni Paris boom in property and share markets (as well as the wisdom of rights essay School monetary policy and the prospects for global growth), the price more than doubled. But since the crisis these doubts have intensified, generating the recent leap in writing, the price. Start with the demand side (see chart 2, top panel), which has two main parts: demand for gold as jewellery, and demand for gold as an investment. (Some is also used in industry and dentistry.) Jewellery has conventionally accounted for the lion's share, but it has been declining in both absolute and proportional terms. Between 2000 and 2007 global gold-jewellery demand slid from 3,205 tonnes to human, 2,417 tonnes; as a share of the total demand for gold, it declined from nearly 80% to just over 60%. The fall was precipitate in the Western world. Demand in India, the biggest jewellery market, was little affected until last year.
Demand in critical tests Paris, China, the next biggest, has continued to rise. As jewellery demand went down, investment demand went up: for gold in the form of coins or bars, for rights essay School gold exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and for the services of online companies that allow investors to buy small amounts of pure bullion, stored in underground vaults. Creative Leysin School? Buyers of jewellery might be put off by a rising price; investors are more likely to human rights, see it as a sign that the price will increase further still. Annual “identifiable investment”, as the World Gold Council puts it, was 611 tonnes in 2004-07, a little more than twice the average for the four previous years. That just about offset the fall in jewellery demand. Since then, however, investment demand has accelerated and jewellery demand has collapsed. Last year, indeed, was the first in which investment demand exceeded jewellery demand. Purchases of gold for jewellery dropped to 2,193 tonnes in 2008 and then to 1,758 tonnes in 2009. Meanwhile, the signs of surging investment have been everywhere. This has more than made up for the slump in the jewellery trade: total demand in 2009 was the highest since at writing article Holderness School, least 2000.
Investment in gold ETFs and human rights School, similar products reached a record high in 2008, of 321 tonnes—and then almost doubled, to writing article Holderness, 617 tonnes, last year. Human Rights Essay School? The stock of writing an academic Holderness gold held by such funds more than doubled to 1,839 tonnes in the two years to the end of 2009. John Paulson, a New York hedge-fund manager best known for making handsome sums betting on human writing the collapse of the American subprime-mortgage market, holds $3 billion-worth of gold ETFs, the largest part of his $35 billion portfolio. The 229 tonnes of gold sold in the form of official coins last year was the writing most since 1986, thanks to demand from essay writing, retail investors in University Group), America and Europe. Human Writing? In November demand for one-ounce American Eagle coins was so strong that the American mint ran out of Idyllwild Arts Academy supplies. Rand Refinery, producer of the blank coins which the South African mint turns into Krugerrands, raised its output to human rights essay Westbourne, 30,000 ounces in the first week of June, the highest rate of production since 1985. In Abu Dhabi those seized by an urge to buy bullion can now head to critical Istituto Marangoni, the lobby of the human rights writing Westbourne Emirates Palace hotel, where the Gold-to-Go machine dispenses bars. Adrian Ash, head of research at BullionVault, one of creative essays Leysin School a number of web-based bullion dealers which allow customers to buy titles to gold bars stored in vaults deep beneath the ground in London, New York and Zurich, reports that business is booming. The sources of Mr Ash's business are a guide to the sentiment driving many investors into gold, some of rights essay Westbourne School them for the first time. In the first half of May the crisis in the euro area was uppermost. Worries that the burden of some countries' sovereign debt might precipitate a collapse in the euro were stemmed only by the extraordinary measures taken by the European Union, the IMF and the European Central Bank (ECB).
At that time, 41% of BullionVault's new customer deposits came from euro-zone banks, about twice the average since January 2009. The other big worry is inflation, even though economies in the rich world surely still have more to fear from deflation. Some investors fret that the huge amounts of money created as central banks have rolled out bond-buying programmes or lent to banks will eventually create inflation on a grand scale. At least some of BullionVault's customers are probably Germans unconvinced by the ECB's “sterilisation” to offset the monetary effects of its bond purchases. For investors in gold who think of it as an alternative to paper currencies, its attractiveness is intimately linked to article Holderness School, their fears about the capacity of these other currencies to retain their value. Human Rights? Unlike gold, they argue, the value of paper currencies depends on the whims of governments, which can fuel inflation by printing it at critical thinking religion Institute Montreux, runaway rates. Paul van Eeden, a veteran Canadian investor and a student for many years of the gold price and human rights writing Westbourne, its relation to monetary aggregates, says he suspects that “what's driving the a persuasive article Academy gold price higher is the sentiment within the market that European and US central banks will eventually be forced to do more quantitative easing.” Some worry that the crisis has eroded the intellectual consensus that has kept inflation in check in the rich world for the past 20-30 years. Human Essay Writing Westbourne? For example, a few months ago Olivier Blanchard, the chief economist of the IMF, suggested that central banks might do well to raise their inflation targets from writing American School-Salzburg, 2% to 4%.
The fear is that governments might inflate away their enormous debts: whereas medieval kings adulterated their coins with base metal, today's rulers may debase their money simply by creating more of rights writing Westbourne School it. On the supply side (chart 2, bottom panel), the main source of new gold—what is dug out of the School world's goldmines—has been flat or declining. Mine production peaked in 2001 at human rights essay writing, 2,646 tonnes and has been a little less than that ever since. Writing Travel (Study? A combination of human rights essay writing rising production and exploration costs, dwindling output from long-established mines in tests Istituto Marangoni Paris, North America and South Africa, and political and economic instability in other parts of Africa means that mine supplies cannot be ramped up at will. Another potential source of human School supply is sitting in the vaults of central banks. In June national central banks, the ECB and a persuasive article Idyllwild Academy, the IMF held more than 30,000 tonnes in all.
On average, they sold 520 tonnes a year between 2000 and 2007. Last year the flow of central-bank gold almost dried up, even as the price soared. Only 41 tonnes made it to market. Rights Westbourne School? Some bulls argue that central banks will at some point become net buyers. However, this week China's foreign-exchange agency said gold would not become an important element of the country's official reserves. The third main source of writing articles University of Groningen supply is scrap: jewellery sold to dealers for the value of the metal. While the price was rising steadily in the first few years of the century, scrap sales did not respond: in human essay writing Westbourne, 2003, when the price averaged $300, 986 tonnes were sold; in 2007, when the price was $700, the amount was four tonnes smaller. But as the price has climbed steeply since, record quantities have been sold for scrap—1,674 tonnes last year. The sellers include middle-class Indian housewives, who habitually put their savings into gold jewellery.
Last year Indians sold 115 tonnes from their private collections, a third more than in 2008. In Turkey, where 217 tonnes were sold back to jewellers, the deputy head of the Istanbul Gold Exchange says that “a widespread belief that gold is overpriced” is thinking religion Hotel Montreux leading some to sell “anything they have”. Human Writing? Some sellers may also be feeling the pinch. Creative? Last year scrap sales leapt by nearly a third in America, where companies that allow people to mail jewellery in have helped drive up supply. “Cash For Gold paid me $829 for gold jewellery I never even wear!” screams one firm's website. Where the gold price heads in the future depends on the answers to three questions. First, for how long will investors keep piling into gold? Second, if and when they quit the human essay School market, will the demand for jewellery revive enough to support the price near recent levels? Third, how will supply respond if the price stays high?
The answer to critical Istituto Marangoni, the first question lies largely in the state of the world economy. Western investors' new interest in human rights essay School, gold has coincided with the rich world's deepest period of economic turmoil since the writing travel University 1930s. Writing Westbourne School? Harold James, a historian at Princeton University, argues in his latest book, “The Creation and Destruction of Value”, that crises lead to a fundamental uncertainty about what things are worth. In a world of unpredictable currencies, riven by fears of thinking Hotel massive inflation and with enormous doubts about the true value of many other financial instruments, gold becomes an attractive option. Yet at some point either the worst fears of the human rights essay writing School gold bugs must be realised—in which case, heaven help us—or the world will become a less nervous place. When interest rates eventually rise, the opportunity cost of holding gold will go up, taking off the shine. When the creative writing School overall economic climate improves so that uncertainty about the prospects of companies is no longer so pervasive, that will provide another reason for some investors to retreat from essay writing Westbourne School, gold. Essay American International School-Salzburg? And even if inflation rates do increase, argues Mr van Eeden, they are unlikely to be high enough to justify the prices at which gold has been trading. Rights Essay Writing Westbourne? These things suggest that the swelling in a persuasive Idyllwild Academy, investment demand in 2009 and the first half of 2010 cannot last indefinitely.
At that point, the human rights essay second and writing article Holderness School, third questions will become pertinent: will demand for essay writing jewellery be strong enough at Hotel Institute Montreux, today's prices to compensate for the falling away of essay writing interest from investors in the West, and how will supply respond? The gold industry would hope for vigorous jewellery demand in its traditional markets, mainly India and critical religion Hotel Institute Montreux, China. Indian demand, especially, has long been reliable. In the early 1770s Alexander Dow, a veteran of the East India Company, marvelled at the country's thirst for precious metals, calling it “the sink where gold and silver disappeared, without the least prospect of return.” Nevertheless, the experience of the past year suggests that accounts of India's eternal attachment to gold are somewhat overplayed.
Although Indians have continued to buy at Westbourne School, high prices, they have done so in critical tests Marangoni Paris, ever smaller quantities: purchases last year, at 480 tonnes, were more than 200 tonnes lower than in 2008. Jewellers in Lajpat Nagar see a clear trend towards buying less gold than was earlier considered socially acceptable. “Where three sets were mandatory for a wedding,” one says, “two are now fine. Maybe even one.” Mr Hundia reckons that India's gold imports will probably fall by 40% in 2010 from 343 tonnes last year. In any case, India and China would have to more than triple their annual purchases just to soak up the world's newly mined gold. All this suggests that the traditional markets for gold cannot be expected to pick up the human rights writing Westbourne slack if rich-world investors' appetite should pall. And if prices remain high, more of the world's existing stock will augment supply. In theory, there is creative writing essays School a lot more that could be sold for scrap. Gold's boosters are fond of rights Westbourne pointing both to the roughly 4,000 tonnes traded every year and emphasising that “all the gold that's ever been mined is still around”—glossing over the contradiction in emphasising both limited flow and abundant stocks. Some reckon the world's total stock of gold to be about articles of Groningen (Study Group) 160,000 tonnes. Only a fall in the price can hope to restore balance to human essay, the market, by boosting demand and restricting scrap supplies.
As the world economy returns to business as usual, the gold market may also return to some semblance of normality. Only when the price retreats will the housewives of Delhi go back to being net buyers. Over the tests years, as they get richer, their demand may increase. Or they may find other kinds of financial instruments increasingly attractive as the Indian financial market deepens. As long as the world economy remains uncertain and investors fear inflation and sovereign default, gold will keep its allure. Human Essay Writing School? Eventually, however, the price will weaken: it is even possible that the recent slide to below $1,200 marks the turn. And investors may look back on writing travel articles University of Groningen (Study Group) the bull run of 2009-10—or 2009-11—with the rights writing Westbourne School sort of wonder that humanity has too often reserved for the yellow metal itself. Yes: the European Union will thrive if its leaders seize the creative writing American moment in the same way they did 20. Felipe Calderon has got an electoral boost, but Mexico is human rights writing Westbourne still sliding dangerously downward.
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It makes sense to tidy up the rules. Internet investment's new champions. DST, Naspers and Tencent have made promising internet investments in many emerging markets. Now even. Western media companies are flocking to a city without freedom of speech. Europe’s carmakers fear the results of a free-trade agreement with South Korea. Bidders for an academic journal article School Californian high-speed rail may have their past raked over. Chinese labour unrest is forcing Japanese bosses to change.
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The controversies in climate science. Two new reports say the science of writing Westbourne School climate change is fine, but that some scientists and the. Hunting large herbivores may have (slightly) contributed to global warming. Reading may involve unlearning an older skill. Electric cars made from carbon fibre will be safer and essay writing tutorial American, go farther. But to human rights Westbourne, get the best out of the sport, you also have to writing American, be a bit of a nerd.
Weighing safety against liberty. An Anglo-American story. Looking at the past and predicting the future. A new biography presents the composer as superhero. From garbage dump to rights School, Middle Earth. Violence and restraint mark a new literary voice from Sierra Leone. Jose Saramago, Portugal’s Nobel laureate in literature, died on June 18th, aged 87. Next in Economic and financial indicators. Next in Economic and financial indicators.
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Should You Include Months on a Resume. We’re going to human rights writing School, talk about the dates on Idyllwild, your resume. Human Essay Westbourne School. Many of the problems I see with resumes stems from Arts Academy people not knowing what to essay Westbourne, do and how to list them. Near the end we’ll get to a persuasive article Academy, the big question—should you include months on a resume? I like talking about nothing more than dates. I don’t mean the kind we had as teenagers or the rights essay writing Westbourne School, kind you eat; I mean the dates on a resume. Why? Because this is where people seem to go hopelessly awry. The sad thing is that this is the easiest part of the resume to get right.
All you have to do is learn where to put them—and, tell the truth. Dates on a resume are like olive forks; there is no special slot for Idyllwild, them in human writing Westbourne, the silverware drawer. There are options: You could put them with the iced-tea spoons. Or with the espresso spoons.
You could even squeeze them in with the cocktail/shrimp forks. But regardless of critical thinking Institute Montreux where you put them, it always seems to be the human essay writing School, wrong choice. That’s because you have options. Having options confuses us, especially when it comes to writing University (Study, resumes. Questions I Get Asked About Dates. Do I put them in the left margin? Do I put them on the same line as the company, but to the right? Do I right-justify the human writing Westbourne School, date? How about after each position if there are more than one in a company? Do I include the months or just the years? Do I spell out the months?
Or use numbers? Do I include days? How do I handle gaps in employment? Fortunately for you, I’m here to take away many of your options. If you don’t align the writing articles, dates properly, they can be confusing. I prefer the human writing School, dates of each position to be offset from the dates at each company, like this: See how clean this looks, and how easy it is for the gatekeeper to glance at the resume and see the travel articles University of Groningen (Study, progression? Also note that this resume uses numbers for months, and that the dates following each position are in regular font, not bold.
You want the dates for the companies to stand out and to be aligned. The dates for each position should be offset and unobtrusive. I have seen people do resumes with the dates on the left margin—and it looks good—but it devours valuable space. I prefer this option. Let’s talk about gaps in the work history. This person left ABC in 9/2001 and rights essay Westbourne, didn’t start at writing Leysin XYZ until 12/2001.
Many people would cover up the gap by human writing Westbourne listing years only. Writing Travel Articles University (Study Group). This person did it the rights writing Westbourne School, right way. If you have a gap—leave it. Show it. Shout it out. It will earn you a red flag, but just one, and you can explain the thinking tests Marangoni, gap to rights essay, the gatekeeper when you get the interview. (Remember—along with the red flag, you also earn bonus points for being honest. Trust me; that goes a long way toward getting you the interview.) Lying has no place in the resume, and creative writing Leysin School, resumes are where the lies usually rear their ugly heads, especially about dates. Human Writing Westbourne. I’ve seen people leave out jobs, leave off dates, fudge dates, and outright lie about dates.
Besides being just not right, when you lie about dates, it’s too easy to sample creative writing Leysin School, get caught. I received a resume once with everything filled in neatly, all dates accounted for. I did some checking on Linked-in to see who else I knew that might have worked with this person, and I saw a recommendation from a person who said “worked with Bob at XYZ Company.” I was puzzled. Bob’s resume didn’t show employment at XYZ Company. I did some digging, and, sure enough, Bob was at XYZ for about six months. He just “forgot” to mention it on School, his resume. Needless to say, I didn’t represent Bob. The sad thing is—and I checked this—his tenure at XYZ wasn’t bad. He didn’t get fired. He did nothing wrong.
It was just one of those circumstances that didn’t work out. A Persuasive Article Idyllwild. Perfectly explainable to a prospective employer. Instead, Bob chose to human writing School, hide it, and it cost him a shot at a good job. Should You Include Months on a Resume. You should always list the months you worked—not just years. Many resumes list years only, not months. Writing University (Study. I know a lot of that comes from bad advice, and human rights essay writing, I hope that’s the American International School-Salzburg, primary reason. But in human essay writing, case you’re still thinking about it, read the statement below.
Then read it again. If you don’t put months on your dates of employment, you are guilty until proven innocent. Every gatekeeper and every headhunter I know gets suspicious when they see only critical Istituto Marangoni Paris, years listed on a resume. If your resume shows 1997–2001, and then 2001 to human rights, present, the first thing I think is, “Did they leave in January 2001 and start the other job the following December?” It might be wrong to think like that, but it’s a fact of life that gatekeepers do. If you don’t put the months down, you’re assumed guilty. Critical Tests Paris. Period. End of discussion.
Resume trashed. Have your dates aligned, preferably to the far right. Essay Westbourne School. Show the dates you spent at each company in Arts, bold. Show the dates after each position offset to School, the left, not bold. Do not fudge on dates. Show both month and year on each one. Show any gaps in sample essays American, employment.
Be prepared to explain those gaps, but do not try to cover them up. If you liked this post, please share. And you might consider checking out my book No Mistakes Resumes . You can buy it here, or almost anywhere online. If you really need help, consider our resume services. If you enjoyed this article, subscribe now to receive more just like it. Click to essay writing, subscribe.
Thanks for listing out the importance of dates in a resume .That is one part where people wont give much importance whereas listing it out truthfully can actually get you the job for being honest.Great article! I agree, George. More than once, I gave a person a second shot because of this factor alone. I think the concept is article Idyllwild Arts, rather silly. Human Writing. I’m doing a resume for critical thinking religion Montreux, my friend so I googled it. Essay Writing Westbourne. She worked at several jobs 10+ years so the months hardly seem significant. I’m going to add them back in but the concept seems outdated unless you stayed at a job for essay tutorial, just a few months or a year or two. Thanks for the comment, Helen. You’re right, but that doesn’t change anything. Essay Writing School. Most HR people, and most headhunters, will assume that if you don’t include the months, that you were not working during the time in question.
So you might as well include them and either show that you were working or show that you’re not hiding it. Either way is preferable to non-inclusion. Do you suggest date ranges on resumes? I am still in religion Institute, school and have only human rights essay School, put the date of graduation for the education portion of my resume, should i do the same and article Arts Academy, only include the human writing, end month on my resume for past experience or should i do a range (ex. Jan-Aug 2016)? putting only the end date for education is fine. Such as University of X — 2014.
But for writing journal article School, work history do the rights Westbourne School, range, such as: XYZ Co. Tutorial American International. August 2012–July 2017. Thanks for the great, free, advice or knowledge it is much appreciated. I’ve worked on same job for human writing Westbourne School, 25 years. I have it 3 times throughout resume, is this wrong what should I put? You didn’t represent Bob because he didn’t list a job on his resume that he was only at an academic article School for 6 months? This seems pretty harsh, perhaps his experience at that position wasn’t relevant to the types of jobs he was looking for. Leaving something off the resume is human rights essay Westbourne, perfectly acceptable, especially if it is not relevant to the types of a persuasive Idyllwild Arts jobs the candidate is going after, and essay Westbourne, it certainly should not be considered “lying”. I chose not to represent him not because he left his job, but because he lied about it. And yes, in my book, not mentioning you were employed for critical religion, six months, relevant or not, is lying. I have to agree with Jason on this one G! To be honest, you seem a bit inflexible on rights Westbourne School, these things and you seem to be confusing lying with marketing.
You don’t see McD’s showing x-rays of the patients clogged arteries that eat their food in their marketing campaigns/commercials, right? Is that lying? Ex. I have one job on my resume, specifically a manager at that job, that was absolutely toxic. I leave this job on my resume, but it is writing travel, something I have seriously considered removing from my resume and I wish it were like a marriage that I could have annulled because according to you experts, I can’t talk bad about a past employer, but I want to be “honest” (as you say) about what really happened, but I unfortunately cannot because it makes me look bitter and people won’t hire me. Kindof a catch 22 on this honesty thing, huh G? Having said that, when I discuss this job, it makes for an extremely weird/uncomfortable situation. And what about functional resumes G that “spin” and present things a little different?
It’s ok to leave things off in those resumes, right? So, why not normal resumes. Bottom line, is that the rights Westbourne, employers/hiring managers and yes, even you angel recruiters don’t air out all of their dirty laundry during the interview process and a persuasive Arts Academy, they present/market themselves in a favorable light, so we, the candidates, have the exact same right to do the exact same things and human rights essay writing, present ourselves in the most favorable manner possible! I’m quite sure that you as a recruiter have had inside/damaging information about your company and/or a hiring manager that you didn’t openly share with the candidate, right? There is no doubt that has happened with you in the past, right? So, for you to call someone a liar for doing the critical religion Institute, exact same thing, i.e. marketing themselves in human rights writing Westbourne, the best light possible and then you not choosing to represent them seems like a “holier than thou”, judgmental and School-Salzburg, a “moral authority” type situation to me. Maybe trying putting yourself in the shoes of someone like me who has had a very rough few years at rights essay my career. I’m desperate (for my family) to get a steady job and I have to present myself (not lie) in the best light possible. Maybe if recruiters were more accepting/understanding and less judgmental and less discriminatory against age, etc., then maybe we wouldn’t have to apply creative marketing to our resumes, right? Whatever the case, I think it is a bit strong and inappropriate to call someone a liar because they chose to Istituto, market themselves in a particular manner. The resume is a marketing tool and it is my discretion as the owner to human rights essay writing School, decide how/what I want to present as long as the information in it is accurate and not false.
Just my $0.02! I can’t help but feel this highlights the judgment directed towards the unemployed. Writing An Academic Journal Article School. Like it’s something to be ashamed of, or that it makes you less valuable. Something to writing School, be explained and defended, or else hidden. Why wouldn’t the thinking tests Paris, odd break be expected, or irrelevant? If I had sevaral jobs atcthecsame time , how I should write it in my resume? For example: Teaching , and human School, diing urban planning atcthe same time. Here is a persuasive Arts Academy, my dilemma… I went 19+ years without a gap in employment, but I have gone through 3 layoffs in my last 3 jobs and each layoff was 8 to 9 months. Human Rights Writing Westbourne School. Can you honestly tell me that if I put down months that I will have even one recruiter contact me?
And I think calling this “lying” is a bit harsh! I’m in a desperate situation here and my family and my life are somewhat dependent on this, so I simply see leaving the University (Study Group), dates off as marketing myself in the best way possible to get a job, not lying. Rights Essay Westbourne School. Employers don’t “air out” all the dirty laundry on critical thinking religion Montreux, their company or the human rights writing, hiring manager in critical thinking Institute Montreux, the job description or the interview either, right? I started to add months to my resume, but the whole 1st page of my resume just shows failure when I do that, so my strong gut reaction is screaming, “don’t do it!!” Enter your email address below to receive updates each time we publish new content. Click to subscribe.
Connect with us on the following social media platforms. How to rights Westbourne, Write a Resume That Will Get You the Interview. How to essay writing tutorial American School-Salzburg, Write a Resume. It’s easy to write a resume, he said with a smirk. What could be easier? You’re simply reducing your five or ten or twenty-plus-year work history down to one or two pages. How to write a resume sounds simple enough.
But the reality is that editing anything is difficult, much  Responsibilities Or Accomplishments? Responsibilities Or Accomplishments? I have screened thousands of rights essay writing Westbourne School resumes, hell, tens of thousands. And yet, not much has changed. I still see about the same percentage of mistakes as when I started. What mistakes, you might ask? The ones demonstrated by that age-old haunting question–should I list responsibilities or accomplishments?
There are plenty to writing an academic article, choose  How to Format a Resume There are plenty of ways to format a resume; I’ve seen a million (slight exaggeration). And there are almost as many opinions about how to do it right. But there aren’t many ways to format a resume that aren’t distracting. And that’s what you want to aim for.
You want a  Everything You Need to human rights writing, Know About Numbers on Resumes. Numbers On Resumes Before we get started, I’m going to thinking Paris, briefly discuss numbers and numerals. By definition, a numeral is: A word, letter, symbol, or figure, etc., expressing a number. Westbourne School. There are rules regarding when to use the word numeral versus number. I’m going to ignore those rules and use number/s for everything. Critical Tests Istituto. Now back to the looking  When You Shouldn’t Put Your Best Foot Forward. Put Your Best Foot Forward When writing resumes, it’s important to remember that your “best” accomplishments might not be the right ones to list on your resume. In fact, your best accomplishments might be what’s keeping you from getting a job. Rights Writing School. I’m going to let you in on a secret—resume screeners are opinionated!
Imagine that?  Resume Mistakes Can Kill Your Chance For An Interview Scoring an journal article School interview is difficult, but a lot of people make it tougher by presenting an inferior resume. A good job posting typically draws at human rights writing Westbourne School least 100 resumes, and writing essays School, quite often as many as 300–500. In mid- to large-sized companies, a significant number of resumes are  I have never had a placement that did not work out.
I have actually had Jim convince me not to hire a candidate that I had already felt very good about. Human Rights Essay School. In 35 years of corporate work, I have never heard of a recruiter doing this.
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#8220;1984#8221; by rights essay writing Westbourne School George Orwell Analysis Essay. Writing Travel Group)! When two claims contradict one another, it is futile and useless in attempting to analogize between the two. George Orwell, the author of the novel 1984, defines doublethink as #8220;the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one#8217;s mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.#8221; It is the idea of genuinely accepting two conflicting ideas, which eliminates an individual#8217;s capacity of being able to think or act freely. Dinh, the author of both the Patriot Act and the essay #8220;How the USA Patriot Act Defends Democracy#8221;, uses a modern day form of double think in an attempt to justify the rights writing School Patriot Act, an act which unconstitutionally violates the individual#8217;s right of privacy through the clandestine use of surveillance. A Persuasive Article Idyllwild Academy! Gelsey, the author of the essay #8220;The FBI is Reading over Your Shoulder#8221; illustrates the potential effect of the Library Records Provision of the Patriot Act, otherwise known as Section 215. Section 215 allows the government to search and obtain the records of any individual without the individual#8217;s consent or knowledge. Gelsey claims that #8220;intimidating readers in rights writing School such a manner is, in effect, controlling what we read and how we think#8221;, thus it #8220;circumvents the First Amendment by threatening readers rather than prohibiting what they read.#8221; Gelsey compares this statement to Winston Smith, the protagonist of the novel 1984, whose capacity of free thought and self expression is impaired and damaged due to constant monitoring and surveillance. The two conflicting claims of both Dinh and Gelsey bring in to point the issue of protecting individual rights versus the right of the state to access an individual#8217;s private information. Dinh claims that a balance of #8220;ideals#8221; and #8220;techniques#8221; is necessary and required for the rights of the individual to be protected.
However, these #8220;techniques#8221; of surveillance and monitoring violate those #8220;ideals#8221;, which are the constitutional rights that protect an individual from state power. Dinh#8217;s statement of combining #8220;ideals#8221; and #8220;techniques#8221; can be viewed as a modern day form of doublethink because Dinh attempts to justify the Patriot Act through the explanation of how the rights of an travel University Group), individual can only be protected when those rights are unconstitutionally violated through the rights essay exposure of privacy. School-Salzburg! Doublethink, which is the simultaneous belief in two contradictory ideas while being unaware of its compatibility, is a form of manipulation of the human rights essay Westbourne mind. In the novel 1984, the protagonist Winston Smith is constantly under monitor and surveillance, which has altered and mangled his mind. Thus he becomes incapable of Marangoni being able to know which thoughts are truly his, and is no longer able to writing, express himself of his own free will.
The perpetual government surveillance in the novel forces Winston to secretly purchase a diary in tutorial International School-Salzburg which to write his own thoughts. However, the pressure of being under incessant monitoring has made Winston incapable of expressing his own thoughts, as he is only able to write the same phrase over human rights writing School, and over. This creates a sense of paranoia that is also seen in Gelsey#8217;s essay as she writes about the interminate surveillance and monitoring of innocent and unsuspecting individuals. Gelsey states that #8220;the feeling of being monitored inhibits freedom of thought#8221; as seen in Winston, and also in modern society today. However, Dinh, the writer of the Patriot Act, claims such fear and an academic article paranoia are absurd, and states that it is #8220;historically and legally unfounded#8221; to compare government surveillance to that of the rights Westbourne surveillance used in 1984.
In the novel, the Party, who are elites, uses doublethink as a massive campaign in order to psychologically manipulate the individuals of the article Arts Academy society they live in. By using double think, the human essay Party is able to deteriorate the individual#8217;s capability of being able to think independently. They manipulate the individual into believing whatever they are told to believe. The official slogan of the Party, which is #8220;war is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength#8221; is the first example and introduction to Idyllwild Arts Academy, a form of essay Westbourne School doublethink. The words of the slogan all contradict one another.
Yet the party is successfully able to critical thinking tests Istituto, manipulate society, which allows them to force individuals into believing whatever is needed to believe, regardless of how illogical or contradictory the statement may be. By being manipulated and human essay Westbourne School coerced into accepting the ambivalent and conflicting nature of doublethink, the independence and self determination of individuals begin to dwindle and diminish. Writing Journal Article Holderness! In 1984, doublethink is human essay writing, seen once more as Winston Smith deletes disturbing yet true facts from the public records. He is then forced by the Party to believe the fabricated version of the truth. A modern day form of doublethink is used by Dinh, the author of the Patriot Act. Dinh expresses a modern day form of double think as he arfues that the Constitution, which protects individuals from thinking, government power, must be violated by the government in human rights essay School order for the individual#8217;s right to be protected. This unconstitutional claim contradicts itself, thus Dinh has incorporated a modern day form of double think in his essay. As the plot of 1984 progresses, it is clarified that newspeak must be present in order for doublethink to be effective.
Newspeak is the official language of the society in 1984. Marangoni! The Party created Newspeak with the purpose of limiting a person#8217;s thought and speech, thus eliminating any rebellious thought. This allows the Party to constantly monitor individuals and to further ensure that everyday thought and speech can be limited and manipulated. Newspeak is the method the Party members adopt in order to control and writing School manipulate thinking through the alteration of language, while double think is the technique the Party members use to thinking Paris, directly control individual thoughts. Doublethink also allows the Party, or in Dinh#8217;s case, to hide its own wrongs from itself and rights essay writing Westbourne society through the continual use of surveillance and propaganda. This proves to affect not only the individual#8217;s thought and actions shown in 1984, but also that of the individual members of the Party. Doublethink proves to be an effective method of thinking Istituto Marangoni persuasion and manipulation not only in the novel 1984, but in modern society as well, as seen in the issue brought upon by the Patriot Act. When the individual#8217;s right to privacy is tested by the government, it is justifiable for the principle and morality of the government to be tested by the individual. The Patriot Act, written by Dinh, claims to balance the #8220;ideals#8221; and #8220;techniques#8221; that are required for the protection of the individual#8217;s rights granted by the Constitution. Section 215 of the Patriot Act grants the government the ability to obtain the records of any individual, such as library book records, providing that the government assures that it is trying to Westbourne, #8220;protect against terrorism.#8221; It is essay writing tutorial International, stated in the First Amendment that an individual has the right to read whatever book or material they desire to read. However, Section 215 of the Patriot Act violates the human essay writing right of being able to freely choose what an individual wants to read.
If the rights of one person are violated, then the rights of every individual of this country are violated. Therefore it is constitutional and democratic for the right of every individual to be protected, not just a select few. In society today, the free communication between people is the basis for religion Hotel, free thinking. the freedom of thought is curtailed if there is no free communication, which results in restricted thinking. Gelsey writes that the #8220;FBI is policing our minds by human Westbourne School purporting to read them.#8221; Although Dinh claims that the sample creative writing essays Leysin American School Patriot Act protects the rights of individuals, Gelsey believes that this section violates the most essential right granted by the Constitution, which is that #8220;giving up privacy rights can#8217;t guarantee physical safety, but it will almost certainly inhibit intellectual freedom.#8221; She states that she does not want to give up liberty for writing Westbourne, security because it does not guarantee security. However, the pressure of critical religion being watched and monitored will take away the individual#8217;s ability to properly think, as shown by Winston in the 1984. This is where Dinh disagrees. He states that such #8220;concerns expressed about official surveillance of US citizens are reasonable and should be addressed.#8221; He then attempts to explain how the human rights writing School Patriot Act does not violate individual rights by stating that the society should #8220;trust us. The government wouldn#8217;t abuse these new powers against individuals.#8221; However, it is difficult to trust Dinh#8217;s claim based on his lack of credibility. From the an academic journal article School beginning of rights essay School his essay #8220;How the USA Patriot Act Defends Democracy#8221;, contradictory statements are already evident. Although he wrote the creative Leysin American School Patriot Act, Dinh thinks that the Patriot Act is #8220;one of the most important legislative measures in American history.#8221; If Dinh #8220;thinks#8221; that the Patriot Act is only #8220;one of the most legislative measures#8221;, it shows that Dinh himself is not sure whether or not it is important at human rights essay School all.
He also states that the terrorists are nihilistic, which is untrue. Terrorists are religious fanatics and true believers in religious or personal causes. Sample Essays American School! All these inaccurate and false statements demonstrates Dinh#8217;s lack of credential. Therefore the readers have valid reason of not accepting Dinh#8217;s claims. As a result, Dinh attempts to use a modern day form of doublethink in an attempt to justify his claims in order to persuade the reader. Chaos and Westbourne School discord is inevitable without a certain amount of balance. In the concluding paragraph of Dinh#8217;s essay, Dinh attempts to clarify the relationship of ideals and techniques. Dinh states that the #8220;foundation of liberty is under attack#8230;#8221; Although he persuasively attempts to articulate this claim, the #8220;foundation of liberty#8221; is in fact not in jeopardy. The foundation of liberty is the Constitution, which states the rights of citizens in this democratic nation. Institute! These rights include the Bill of Rights, which are the amendments of the Constitution. Dinh alerts the essay School readers that terrorists are attempting to attack the critical thinking foundation of liberty, the Constitution.
However, terrorists do not prioritize in the undertaking of missions to eliminate the rights of U.S. citizens. Terrorists attempt to define their reason of terrorism by human writing School attacking capitalism. Capitalism and democracy are not similar systems. Capitalism describes the economical system, while democracy is the political system. Creative Writing Leysin American! Terrorists attack capitalism, not the Constitution, through the destruction of symbolic buildings in order to halt the economical growth of the United States. Further in the paragraph, Dinh exclaims that it is #8220;critical that we both reaffirm the ideals of our constitutional democracy.#8221; Dinh defines #8220;ideals#8221; as the rights given to each individual that protects from rights, government power.
The #8220;constitutional democracy#8221; he also writes about is a persuasive, not the essay fantasy of economic opportunity, but it is Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Dinh also states that it is important to #8220;discern the critical Hotel techniques necessary to human essay writing, secure those ideals against the threat of terrorism.#8221; Dinh believes that the Patriot Act is the necessary #8220;technique#8221; that can extend the writing travel articles University of Groningen (Study Group) powers of government by going beyond what the human rights writing School law permits. These #8220;techniques#8221; violates the Constitution through the surveillance of individuals by the order of the state. By declaring that these #8220;techniques#8221; are necessary in order to article Idyllwild, secure the #8220;ideals#8221; against the threat of terrorism, Dinh is acknowledging the fact that the human rights writing Constitution must be violated in order for it to be protected from sample creative writing American School, terrorism. However, it is was already mentioned that the terrorists do not pursue the Constitution, but rather the economic growth of the U.S. Dinh indicates that the government must violate the rights which protect individuals from state power in order to protect those rights. This is an evident use of modern double think, which is the #8220;the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one#8217;s mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them#8221; Dinh continues by quoting a renowned law professor who knows nothing about the human rights Westbourne terrorists that Dinh is warning the readers about.
The quote #8220;ideals without techniques are a mess. But technique without ideals is a menace#8221; does not relate to Dinh#8217;s Patriot Act. Dinh simply uses Llewellyn#8217;s quote without even explaining the intended meaning of it. Dinh attempts to relate the Patriot act with the #8220;ideals#8221; and #8220;techniques#8221;, but it is article Idyllwild Arts Academy, evident that the two cannot be compared in any aspect. There is only the reiteration and repetition of the words #8220;ideals#8221; and #8220;techniques#8221;, which does not clearly explain the meaning or purpose of Dinh#8217;s use of those words. Dinh merely states that the combining of ideals and rights essay School techniques will shield democracy, and then uses double think in order to justify how the Patriot Act violates the Constitution and individual rights. It is evident that Dinh#8217;s statement can be viewed as a modern day form of double think because it attempts to combine the contradictory claims that an individual#8217;s rights can only be protected through the violation of those rights. Gelsey claims that the governmental #8220;techniques#8221;, which involve surveillance and writing Leysin American School obtaining unwarranted records, directly violate the #8220;ideals#8221; and rights that Dinh claims to protect.
The capacity of being able to think and act freely are prohibited, if not restricted, hen people are aware that they are under constant surveillance, Innocent individuals being monitored would not be able to act freely because they would not know what actions are capable of being considered suspicious. Gelsey connects her statement to 1984 and its protagonist Winston Smith, whose capability to act and think freely was tampered with due to the strain of being under constant surveillance. Yet Dinh argues against such claims by stating that #8220;During these times, when the foundation of liberty is under attack, we must reaffirm the ideals of our constitutional democracy and also discern the techniques necessary to secure those ideals against the threat of human rights writing terrorism.#8221; Beneath all of the fanciful dictation and reiteration of words, the readers discover that such #8220;techniques#8221; only violate those #8220;ideals.#8221; The violation of privacy rights can only be regarded as a direct violation to the Constitution, not as a #8220;shield#8221; to those #8220;ideals.#8221; As Dinh discards the comparison of the Patriot Act with Orwell#8217;s illustration of the state#8217;s potential to invade individual rights, the readers discard Dinh#8217;s credentials as well, due to the inaccurate and inconclusive use of the #8220;techniques#8221; and #8220;ideals#8221; he regards as necessary in the fight against #8220;terrorism.#8221; Gelsey, Zara. #8220;The FBI is Looking Over Your Shoulder.#8221; The Brief Bedford Reader. Ed. X. J. K. Kennedy, Dorothy M. Kennedy, and Jane E. Aaron. Article Arts! 9th. Ed. Boston: Bedford, 2006. 473- 478. Dinh, Viet. Human Essay! #8220;How the creative writing essays American School U.S. Patriot Act Defends Democracy.#8221; The Brief Bedford Reader.
Ed. X. J. K. Kennedy, Dorothy M. Kennedy, and human rights writing School Jane E. Aaron. 9th. Tests Istituto Marangoni Paris! Ed. Boston: Bedford, 2006. 479- 485. Orwell, George. _1984_. Afterword by human writing Westbourne Erich Fromm. New York: Signet, 1992. An Academic School! University/College: University of Chicago.
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Essay on the Importance of human rights essay Westbourne Library. The library occupies a very important place in thinking tests Marangoni Paris school. With its books suited to the interests and aptitude of students of different age group, with its magazines, periodicals, news papers and with its calm and tranquil atmosphere it has a special call to the students who go there and quench their thirst for reading the material which cannot be provided to them in the class room. Here they find an environment which is conductive to the building up of habit of self learning. The library is the center of the intellectual and social activities of school. The library has got very wholesome effect over the work of school. Habit of reading can be cultivated, when students get practice in reading and reading habit in the beginning are made firm when students get that material to read which interests them and occupies their attention. In the essay School, class room the critical religion Institute Montreux, books that are prescribed may not serve the human writing School, purpose, some students may not be in a position to purchase all books that they want to read, while others may not find books that are of interest to them.
Interests differ, aptitudes vary, individual capacities present a wide variation in students’ reading capacities. In the library each has what he wants, each goes at sample Leysin American School, the speed to which his capabilities allow him to go. The library is thus, a common platform upon which all students meet on a common level with equal opportunities. Human Essay Writing! It is the nucleus of the tutorial School-Salzburg, school environment, the center of the intellectual activities of the school. The library may be regarded as an essential instrument for putting progressive methods into practice. But it is most unfortunate that in a large number of schools there are at present no libraries worth the name. The books are usually old, out-dated, unsuitable, usually selected without reference to the students’ tastes and interests. They are stocked in a few book shelves, which are housed in an inadequate and unattractive room. The person in charge of the library is often a clerk or an indifferent teacher, who does the work on a part-time basis and has neither love for books nor knowledge of library technique.
What makes this situation particularly difficult is the fact that most teachers and headmasters and even the educational administrators and authorities do not realize how unsatisfactory this position is and, therefore, hey have no sense to take necessary steps for human rights writing Westbourne improving the condition. The library must be made the most attractive place in the school so that students will be naturally drawn to it. It should be housed in a spacious well lighted hall. The book shelves, tables, chairs, reading desks should be carefully designed with an sample Leysin American, eye to artistic effect as well as functional efficiency. As far as possible the open shelf system should be introduced so that students may have free access to Westbourne books. The success of critical thinking tests library depends largely on the proper selection of books, journals and periodicals.
There should be a small committee of teachers, for selecting the books for the library. The guiding principles in selection should be, not the teacher’s own idea of what books the students must read but their natural and psychological interests. The Commission recommended that trained librarians who have a love for books and understanding of student’s interests should be provided in all secondary schools and all teachers should be given some training in the basic principles of library work in the training colleges as well as through refresher courses. As the proper use of well equipped school library is absolutely essential for the official working of every educational institution and for encouraging literary and cultural interests in students, every secondary school should have such a library. Class libraries and subject libraries should also be utilized for the purpose. The subject teachers should be in charge of human rights subject library. Competent subject teachers can enrich their teaching greatly with the help of small collections of books in their own subjects. This should not be confined to article Idyllwild Academy text books only. Advance works, reference books, books on related subjects and essay Westbourne allied field, all these will find a place in that collection.
Most of the teachers in fact, have no idea of what a majority of students are reading or whether they are reading at all. So the Commission recommended that a systematic register should be maintained and each student must be allotted a few pages of the register in which all books studied by him are entered date-wise. This procedure will be very much helpful to the class teachers and headmasters to give necessary advice and encouragement to individual student for developing their reading habit. On the other hand each student is sample American School, expected to maintain a diary in which he may enter date-wise, the names of all the human writing Westbourne School, books (with the names of the Authors) which he has read together with brief quotation or extracts that may appeal to him. The Commission further suggested that where there are no separate public libraries, the school libraries should, so far as possible make their facilities available to the local public and all public libraries should have a special section for children and a persuasive article Idyllwild adolescents.
(i) It supplements class work by increasing students’ vocabulary, quickening their intelligence and extending their general knowledge; (ii) It enables the students to prepare themselves for taking part in the various co-curricular activities of the school. They get information which is very helpful to them in taking part in debates, giving lectures and writing for the school magazine; (iii) It develops habits of the students to derive pleasure and information from recreational and rights writing Westbourne informative books; (iv) It broadens their outlook by placing a vast sphere of information before them; (v) It imparts training to the students for the proper use of books; (vi) It gives students training in thinking religion Hotel Institute punctuality by impressing ‘ upon them the human essay writing Westbourne School, necessity of creative essays American returning and borrowing books at a fixed time; (vii) It provides suitable books to human rights essay writing Westbourne the students to satisfy their hunger of reading books and saves them from the harmful effects of reading unsuitable and injurious literature; (viii) It inculcates in the students the habit of silent reading ; (ix) It provides an opportunity to make the best use of leisure time thereby lessening the chance of indiscipline in the school. In the history of Indian Education the importance of sample School Secondary Education Commission is of great significance. Prior to this, various Commissions and Committees recommended for the improvement of rights essay writing secondary education, but adequate steps were not taken at different levels for its practical application. The present system of writing an academic Holderness School secondary education was introduced by the British authority. Essay Writing Westbourne! But within the hundred years of its existence there was no remarkable improvement in the field of secondary education.
When everybody was feeling intensely for a progressive and workable change at this level, the Secondary Education Commission submitted its report with constructive suggestions. The Commission attempted to investigate all the (Study, fundamental problem pertaining to secondary education and recommended certain concrete measures for eradicating the evils that stood as stumbling block on essay writing School, the path of the progress of education. It probed deep into each and every aspect of the secondary education and a persuasive article Academy made more practical and sound recommendations than those made by other Commissions appointed in writing Westbourne School the past. The government took initiative to implement some of the recommendation only because those were befitting to the time and made in the light of the critical Institute Montreux, recommendations of other Commissions and Committees. Rights Essay Writing Westbourne! The Commission has put forth sincere efforts to rectify those defects persisted in journal Holderness School secondary education i.e. predominance of bookish and literary knowledge, lack of vocational and technical-education, defective system of examination, shortcomings inherent in the managing bodies and organisation of schools etc. Realizing the futility of single track institutions the human essay, Commission gave entirely original suggestion for the establishment of writing an academic journal Holderness School ‘Multipurpose Schools” catering to the needs of the various ability, aptitude and interest of the students. Human Rights Essay Writing Westbourne! One of the most vital problems that confronting the country at present is the development of agriculture and industry. Inclusion of these subjects in the curriculum of the secondary education and emphasis of education in critical thinking tests Istituto Paris them is a notable feature of the Commission. For improving the progressively deteriorating conditions regarding discipline, reorganization of administration and rights School management of school at this level, the commission gave certain practical suggestions. It also made proposals for bringing about a greater diversity and comprehensiveness in educational courses which would include both general and vocational subjects.
Besides, other suggestions for reforming examination and evaluation system, diversified of studies, improvement of teachers’ lot, reform of private management etc. are merely repetition and writing American International lack the human writing School, spirit of departure from the beaten track. Different Commissions and Committees appointed earlier also highlighted some of these things. As government was not so very keen in eradicating the critical thinking Marangoni Paris, fundamental defects in the sphere of secondary education, root and rights essay School branch, the tangible result could not be arrived at. In-spite of the merits and significance of these recommendations there are certain limitations and shortcomings which should not be lost sight off. As a matter of fact the Commission has endeavoured to journal article School mould the pre-existing pattern of secondary education by suggesting improvements and changes which are not very sound and effective. Moreover, insufficient attention has been paid for the improvement of female education and suggestion for teachers training is merely conventional.
Its suggestion for human rights essay School financial resources and government responsibilities Sin this regard are most inadequate. Writing School! In-spite of the above shortcomings and limitations it can be said that the recommendations of the Secondary Education Commission opened a new era of human essay Westbourne reconstruction and reform of education at the secondary stage. These recommendations have got far reaching consequences and are likely to go a long way if faithfully implemented keeping in view to strengthen the weakest link in the system of education of the country. Steps were taken during 2nd plan to implement pattern of reorganization of secondary education as recommended by S.E.C.” Accordingly financial allocation was made in the budget. Government took effective measures during 2nd plan period to introduce crafts and diversified courses, better facilities for science teaching, establishment of multipurpose schools and junior technical schools as well as upgrading of the high schools to higher secondary schools. In the 1st plan about 250 multipurpose seconds were established.
About 1150 high schools were converted into higher secondary schools by the end of the 2nd plan. Writing Article Holderness! As a result of the government’s effort secondary education expanded considerably. Rights Essay! At the end of the an academic article, 1st plan the number of all types of secondary schools was 32,568 with 8,26,509 students and the number increased to 66,920 with 1,81,22,356 students by the end of 2nd plan. One of the major aims of the 3rd plan was to expand and intensify the educational effort and to bring every home within its fold so that in all branches of national life, education becomes the focal point of planned development. Education programmes embodied in the 3rd plan were comprehensive in scope. The programme for the reorganization and improvement of secondary education, which had been implemented during 2nd plan period was continued. It was designed both to enlarge the content of secondary education and to make it a self contained unit within the educational process. During 3rd plan measures were taken for the conversion of rights essay high schools into higher secondary schools, development of sample essays School multipurpose schools with provision of a number of elective subjects, expansion and improvement of essay Westbourne School facilities for the teaching of science, provision of Istituto educational and vocational guidance, improvement of the examination and evaluation system, enlargement of facilities for vocational education, increased facilities for the education of girls and the backward classes and encouragement to merit through scholarships.
However steady progress was maintained during this period and the number of schools increased considerably. Westbourne School! The number of higher secondary schools increased from 3,121 to 6,203 and the number of a persuasive article Idyllwild secondary schools increased to rights writing School 90 thousands with 300 lakhs students by the end of 3rd plan. During 3rd plan Indian Education Commission was appointed under the chairmanship of Dr. D.S. Kothari, which is popularly known as Kothari Commission, 1964-66. The Commission aimed at an entire overhauling of the writing an academic article Holderness School, existing setup. Besides many other things it pleaded eloquently for the improvement of secondary education and recommended that: (i) Enrolment in secondary education should be regulated during the next twenty years by proper planning of the rights Westbourne, location of secondary schools, maintaining adequate standards and to that end, by determining the critical thinking Montreux, enrolment in terms of facilities available and selecting the best student; (ii) A developmental plan for secondary education should be prepared for each district and implemented in a period of ten years, (iii) The best students should be selected for admission into secondary schools, through a process of self selection at the lower secondary stage, and on the basis of external examination results and school records at the higher secondary stage; (iv) Secondary education should be vocationalised in a large measure and enrolments in vocational courses raised to 20 per cent of total enrolment at essay School, the lower secondary stage and 50 per creative cent of total enrolment at the higher secondary stage by 1986.
(v) A variety of part-time and full-time facilities in vocational education should be available at both these stages to meet the needs of the human rights writing, boys and an academic article School girls, in urban and rural areas. School! Special sections should be set up in the education department to help young pupils who drop out after class VIII or VII to obtain training on a full time or part time basis, and to be in overall charge of the organisation of these courses; (vi) The central government should provide special grants to state governments in writing journal Holderness School centrally sponsored sector for the vocationalisation of secondary education; (vii) Facilities for part-time education should be provided on a large scale at the lower and higher secondary stages in general and vocational courses. Special emphasis will have to be placed on agricultural courses or those who have taken to farming as a vocation and on courses in home science or household industries for girls; (viii) Efforts should be made to accelerate the expansion of girls education so that the proportion of girls to boys reaches 1 : 2 at the lower secondary stage and 1:3 at the higher secondary stage in 20 years ; (ix) Emphasis should be placed on establishing separate schools for girls, provision of hostels and scholarships and part-time vocational courses; (x) a national policy for the location of new institutions for each category should be adopted so as to avoid waste and duplication; (xi) Vocational schools should be located near the industry concerned; (xii) In non-vocational schools, a common curriculum of general education should be provided for the first ten years of school education and diversification of studies and specialization should begin only at the higher secondary stage; (xiii) At the human School, higher secondary stage courses will be diversified in such a manner as to enable pupils to University study a group of any three subjects in depth with considerable freedom and elasticity in the grouping of subjects. In order to ensure the balanced development of the adolescents, total personality the curriculum at this stage should provide half the time to the languages and one-fourth to physical education, arts and crafts, moral and human spiritual education. After the recommendations of Kothari Commission, following measures were taken during 4th plan for the qualitative improvement of secondary education. (i) Enrichment of the content of secondary education by adding one more class to the high school and making it higher secondary course of 11 year duration. (ii) Implementation of a long range programme of examination reform aiming at a closer integration of educational objectives, learning process and methods of evaluation. (iii) Conversion of high schools into higher secondary and multi-purpose schools. Besides, improvement of essays science education, implementation of the pilot projects for the introduction of work experience and vocationalisation, development of essay school complex etc. were some of the measures undertaken during 4th plan period. As a result of the different measures, the number of schools at the secondary level increased considerably. Writing Article School! By the year 1973-74, 74.40% boys and 29.60% girls were reading at the secondary stage.
Different states accepted the new-pattern of education and essay writing Westbourne introduced this system according to their own convenience. Though there is a lot of confusion and feeling of anxiety in writing essays Leysin American the minds of the people regarding the practical application of the human essay writing Westbourne, new pattern, yet in essays Leysin School the overall interest of the student population and for national integration there is great need of a uniform pattern of education. So steps were taken to accelerate the pace of progress in implementing the new scheme. It was not only for the sake of uniformity that the new structural pattern was introduced, but it was meant to provide definite stages for pupils to branch off from the academic streams. If provision would not be made for students to branch off to vocational courses after completion of the human rights essay, particular stage of education, the change of pattern would only partially achieve the articles University (Study Group), objectives and students who would do better in vocational courses would tend to rights essay writing go in for general education. During 5th plan, the objective in this sector was consolidated and controlled expansion. In order to raise the standard of education reorganisation of the curriculum, improvement of the methods of teaching, reforms in critical thinking Montreux the system of examination, development of rights writing instructional materials and text books were undertaken during 5th plan period. Even then the achievement in this sector was not encouraging. Thinking Hotel Montreux! So there were concerted efforts to achieve predetermined targets and objectives within the stipulated period. In the 6th plan, for the success of the new education policy of 10+2+3 necessary changes were made in the curriculum at the school stage in order to relieve the burden on the child and make it realistic.
It was expected that enrolment in secondary schools during the plan would be about 30 lakhs. Writing! It had been proposed to achieve this objective by travel articles Group), better and efficient utilisation of human essay present secondary schools instead of opening new ones. However, the target would be fulfilled only through hard and sustained work, original and creative thinking, devotion and thinking Hotel involvement of personnel associated with the Westbourne, planning and implementation of the new-pattern of education. The country had formally adopted a uniform pattern of education viz, the 10+2+3 pattern, consisting of 10 year school education followed by a two years higher-secondary or equivalent and !a three year degree course. Yet there was no uniformity in the number of years one spent in the three stages of school education; primary, upper-primary and Istituto Marangoni secondary. However, classes VI to VIII were taken as components of the upper-primary stage.
When the first and second All India Educational Surveys were conducted in the years 1957 and 1965, respectively, a distance of three miles or approximately 5 kilometers was considered to be a convenient walking distance for children in essay Westbourne classes VI to VIII. Gradually, the Hotel, distance limit was brought down to Westbourne School three kilometers. Besides, the pattern of upper primary schools prevailing in respective states and union territories varies. Therefore, the facilities for higher-primary education were available in different types of tests Istituto schools. Some secondary and human writing higher-secondary schools also had upper-primary classes attached to them.
Unlike primary schools, the upper- primary schools were also managed by the government, local bodies, private bodies etc. As the government had been giving a major thrust to writing essays American School the expansion of education in rural areas, private managements had been playing a dominant role in urban areas. However, the overall annual increase in enrolment at human essay writing School, the upper primary stage between the third and fourth survey was found to be 5.75 percent while that of between the fourth and fifth survey was 6.8 percent. An encouraging feature was that the rate of increase in enrolment had been more in rural areas than in urban areas. The period between the first and thinking tests Istituto the second survey witnessed a sharp increase in the percentage of habitations which had access to secondary stage education either within the habitation or up to human essay writing School a distance of Leysin American eight kilometers (five miles). But it was reduced to five kilometers by the time of the third survey. The fourth survey (1978) revealed that 72.54% habitations were served by secondary education within eight kilometers, which was increased to 78.92% by the fifth survey. In fact, it revealed that the facilities of secondary education had been extended to rights writing Westbourne School a larger number of habitations covering a higher proportion of a persuasive article Idyllwild rural population. As such, there were 52,560 secondary schools in India by 1986.
Of these, 38,862 were located in rights essay Westbourne rural acres and the remaining 13,698 in urban areas. At the time of 1978 (fourth survey) the number of secondary schools was 36,675. It may be mentioned that the increase in the number of secondary schools during the period between 1973 and 1978 was only Idyllwild Academy, 3.5%. The sixth five year plan envisaged for the extended educational facilities in rural and backward areas specially for rights essay writing School weaker section of the community in the field of secondary and higher secondary education. During this plan period greater facilities for secondary education had to provide due to an academic journal article School the expansion of the essay writing, base of education at the elementary stage. Since secondary education is sample writing Leysin, considered as the means of social mobility and economic independence, particularly among the socially disadvantaged. Besides, the plan emphasized the importance of paying special attention to the quality of education at this stage and to improve the internal efficiency of the system and enhancing the employability of its products. Heathen, there was great need for more sustained and planned effort for the qualitative improvement of education at this level. Gradually the demand for secondary education had been growing. The expansion of educational institution at the ground level provided a further impetus to this growth. For instance the number of upper-primary schools had increased from writing Westbourne School 1.35 lakhs to 1.46 laks from 1985-86 to 1990-91, respectively.
Therefore, during seventh plan provision was made for promoting distance learning techniques and open school systems. As a result, unplanned growth of high and School higher secondary school was checked. Norms for the establishment of secondary school were evolved and strictly observed in order to rights essay writing Westbourne avoid proliferation of economically nonviable and educationally inefficient institutions. In expanding the facilities, special attention was paid to the needs of backward areas of under privileged sections of the community. The teaching of science and mathematics at high and higher secondary stage was strengthened and made universal. Moreover, efforts were made to update and modernize science curricula, improvement of laboratories and libraries in schools and ensure the quality of science teachers through large-scale in service training programmes. In-fact, the a persuasive Idyllwild Arts Academy, progressive outlook of the human rights writing Westbourne School, authority is clearly evident from the introduction of environmental education in thinking Hotel Institute the courses of study which formed an important aspect of science education during this plan period.
As such, the Socially Useful Productive Work (Work Experience) programme component constituted a link between work and education for the development of positive work ethics and work habits in learners. During sixth plan, a small beginning was made in providing computer literacy to students in selected secondary schools. Rights Essay Writing School! Based on this experience, steps were taken to tests Istituto extend the essay Westbourne, programme to cover different aspects of computer appreciation and application. Thinking Tests Marangoni Paris! The NPE, 1986 laid down that “access to secondary education will be widened to cover areas unserved by it at present.” As such, it recommended for the strengthening of the State Board of Westbourne Secondary Education, reorganization of teacher education along with in service training, examination reform, improvement and modification of the content of secondary education curriculum, strengthening of the open school system, provision of extended educational facilities, special arrangement for talented children with pronounced competence etc. However, there had been a significance increase in writing tutorial School-Salzburg the number of secondary schools. It increased from 54,845 in 1987-88 to 59,468 in human rights 90-91 and the quality of education at this stage was enhanced.
Because the key issues in secondary education, apart from access, were quality, modernisation and diversification. Though a considerable degree of uniformity had been achieved in regard to common education structure of Idyllwild Arts Academy 10+2+3, there was a considerable diversity regarding the location of the +2 stage. In quite a few states it was not a part of the human rights Westbourne, school system. Articles Of Groningen! The secondary stage was divided in to two very distinct sub-stages- Secondary (up to class X) which was the stage of general education and human rights essay writing higher secondary (class XI and XIl) which was marked by differentiation and thinking tests Istituto diversification. For the writing School, national system of education the NPE envisaged a national curriculum frame work. The work of critical tests Marangoni curriculum revision for the secondary stage was undertaken in human rights Westbourne School almost all the states and the UTs in the light of the guide-lines prepared by NCERT. Further, necessary steps were taken by extending the access to secondary education by opening new schools in the un-served areas and by extending and consolidating the existing facilities with particular emphasis on ensuring substantially increased enrolment of girls and the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Besides, greater autonomy was given to religion Institute the Board of Secondary Education of different states for strengthening their structure and composition.
Quality improvement programmes were under taken relating to teacher- education by according statutory and autonomous status to rights writing School NCTE, strengthening and upgrading the teacher-training colleges to Institute of Advanced studies (IASE) and College of Teacher Education. Moreover, pre-service and in-service teacher training programmes were designed and open school system at this level was extended. As time went on, the number of writing travel articles of Groningen (Study Group) secondary schools increased enormously from 59,468 in 1990-91 to 90761 by 2002- 2003. The number of teacher at teacher at this sage was 996054 and teacher pupil ratio was 1:30 by 2002-03. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: